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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 10, 1991

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 New pills example of potential
University research leads to big business
For Al Fowler, turning UBC research
ideas into dollars is a waiting game. But
for the pills on his desk, he's prepared to
be patient.
"They could be a hot item," said Fowler, manager of Intellectual Property at UBC's Industry
Liaison Office. "We just won't know how hot for
a couple of years."
Each pill contains N-Acetyl Glucosamine
(NAG), a naturally produced aminosugar. NAG
is currently being marketed as a dietary supplement with no specific claim as to its function.
However, preliminary clinical trials have indicated that NAG may help control a number of
bowel diseases and food allergies.
"If we can prove it works and get a patent,
these pills could become a $100-million company," said Fowler, noting that between five and
10 per cent of the world's population suffers
from some form of bowel disease or food allergy.
Commercializing the products of UBC's publicly funded research is big business. UBC currently holds about 60 product licences with existing companies and is constantly negotiating for
The annual survey of UBC spin-off companies shows 87 firms have evolved from the uni-
Professor Albert Burton with NAG pilL The drug may have valuable new applications.
versity in the last two decades. These companies       million with 1,641 workers.
employ more than 4,600 people and generated
sales in excess of $824 million in 1989.
When the surveys started in 1985, there were
just 34 UBC spin-off companies, generating $88
The Industry Liaison Office tookover the licensing and patenting of research disclosures from
the federal government in 1982. Since then, Fowler
See DRUG on Page 2
UBC researchers
critical of report
on patent rights
The UBC research community has criticized
a report which recommends that B.C. universities transfer rights to all their research inventions to a private company.
"This scheme will ensure that UBC invention-disclosures will essentially dry up because
the incentive for researchers to participate will
be gone," said Jim Murray, director of UBC's
Industry Liaison Office. "It's a very ill-conceived idea."
Munay was one of about 75 people who attended a public forum last month dealing with
recommendations outlined in a B.C. Science,
Council committee report.
In its report, the council's SPARK Fiscal
Committee recommended that B.C. universities
and research institutions give up licensing and
patent rights in return for shares in a newly
See NEGATIVE on Page 2
New strategic plan to carry
library into the 21st century
"The UBC library is the focal
point of the university, essential to the work of every faculty
on campus at all levels of teaching and research." — David
Strangway, President's Report
on the Ubrary, 1987.
The  library  will take President
Strangway's words into the next century in a vision statement titled: The
UBC Library at the Beginning of the
21st Century.
"The UBC library will be a gateway to the world's increasingly vast
and complex store of information," said
University Librarian Ruth Patrick, the
chair ofthe library's strategic planning
coordination team which is crafting the
guidelines are discussed in
an interview with UBC President Strangway. Page 2
regular feature article debuts this issue in UBC
Reports. Page 6
Watch for the new UBC telephone exchange on March
4,1991.Page 8
library's blueprint for the future.
"The electronic catalogue will be
the basis of campus-wide access to the
library's entire collection," said Patrick.
"The library will provide access to information beyond UBC's resources by
mounting more external databases locally and providing gateways to remote databases and information networks."
Patrick said more and more materials are being published in an increasing array of different formats, most of
them electronic. Preservation of the
collection in all its formats, ranging
from print to computer software, will
be a high priority for the library.
And despite earlier predictions to
the contrary, publishing on paper is
increasing rather than declining.
"The book is still an economical
way to provide information," said Patrick. "The library will continue to
acquire and safely house materials
which support UBC's teaching, research and service activities and make
these materials accessible."
Patrick said a knowledgeable and
skilled staff will anticipate the needs
of users, as well as plan and interpret
services and advise users on accessing
both local and remote information services.
"The library will also continue to
be a cultural centre and encourage the
best possible use of its resources.  It
will serve as the strong central core on
See LIBRARY on Page 6
University to receive
provincial funding
for computer facility
The provincial government has
given the university $900,000 to plan a
new building for the Centre for Integrated Computer Systems Research
(CICSR) and the Computer Science
The $15-million facility will be located on the northeast comer of Main
Mall and Agronomy Road. The four-
level, 9,135-square-metre building will
contain research and laboratory space.
Funds for planning the new building are part of a $218-million commitment by the Ministry of Advanced
Education, Training and Technology
for capital works projects at the
province's universities, colleges, institutes and agencies.
Photo by Media Services
Provincial Forests Minister Claude Richmond spent a busy morning
at UBC with the faculties of Forestry, Science and Applied Science on
Dec. 14. Richmond heard presentations from researchers in the areas
of biotechnology, including forest genetics, harvesting and wood sciences. Here, the minister (second from left) meets with (from left to
right) Forestry Professor Peter Murtha, Professor David Haley, the
head of Forest Resources Management, and Dean of Forestry Clark
Binkley during a display ofthe Geographic Information Systems. 2    UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991
Negative impact on
research feared
UBC President David Strangway
has presented tuition fee and financial aid guidelines to the university's
Board of Governors that set fee increases for a three-year period and
bolster financial aid for students.
The guidelines propose that tuition increases in 1991-92, 1992-93
and 1993-94 be set at the annual
Vancouver inflation rate, plus 4.5
percent. The guidelines designate a
portion of the proposed increase for
enhanced student aid and another portion for an enhanced
teaching and learning environment
The full text of the proposed guidelines was published
in UBC Reports on Dec. 13, 1990. Strangway is seeking
input from students, faculty and staff on the proposed
guidelines, which will be voted on by UBC's Board of
Governors at its February 7 meeting.
Q: Why are you proposing, for the first time, a three-
year schedule of tuition fee increases?
A: By phasing in these changes, we'll ensure that tuition
fees and financial aid will be reasonably predictable. There
are real benefits to this type of planning because it allows
us to enhance our student aid package. We've got to start
building up a base for that, so the three year period will
allow us to make a significant dent in reaching our objective of reducing financial barriers.
Q: How much money are you proposing for student
financial aid?
A: At the present time, we get about $45 million from
student tuition. If you take one per cent of that, then
$450,000 would go into the aid package in the first year. By
year two, it would be up to $900,000 and by year three,
with an additional 1.5 per cent, another $675,000 would be
added to the ongoing total. That's over $1.5 million in
annual operating funds that would be available for student
aid by the end of the third year.
Q: What about other types of aid?
A: We are also going to expand work opportunities on
campus and ensure they are available, as much as possible,
to" the more needy of our students. The basic objective is
mat by the time that we do all of this, we want no student—
who is qualified and meets our admission standards — to
be able to say that he or she could not go to UBC because of
financial limitations. That's really what underlies the student aid part of the package.
Q: You're proposing a 4.5 per cent increase on top of
the inflation rate. Why do you have to raise fees above
A: There are really four reasons. First, we have an age
bulge in the faculty, with few retiring over the next few
years. Because so few will retire, few funds will be released to provide merit increases. We have to find a source
of income for merit increases, which are used at universities in place of promotional increases.
A second reason is that some of our non-academic staff
are at salary levels which are below the marketplace. We
want to ensure that we are competitive and attracting and
keeping the very best staff at the university.
A third reason has to do with what I call regulatory
issues. For example, although we're supposed to be protected from the GST, we're going to have to create an
office to handle and manage the GST because we're going
to have to pay it and collect it back.
The fourth reason is that the goods and services used at
the university, such as library books, computers and legal
fees, rise at rates that are above inflation.
Q: How did you reach the figure of 4.5 per cent?
A: Well, it's a very difficult number to come up with.
We looked at the three objectives that we had with respect
to the "above inflation" component. The first two per cent
was the amount that we needed in order to be sure that we
didn't have to make any budget cuts. The remaining number was the amount we determined we needed to build a
significant student aid fund and a teaching and learning
environment fund.
Ultimately, we want to ensure that an appropriate teaching environment is here for students and that we provide
them with faculty and staff who are competitively-paid and
for whom this is a first-rate working environment.
Q: What do you mean when you talk about enhancing
the teaching and learning environment?
A: In some cases this could mean more computing
equipment for some of our labs or materials for some Arts
programs, or language labs, library materials or additional
teaching assistants. It may vary from faculty to faculty, but
it would all be towards specifically improving the teaching
environment itself.
Q: Why not try to get more money from the provincial
A: The provincial government has been doing a lot for
post-secondary education in B.C. Apart from the fact that it
provides 85 per cent of our operating budget, it has also
provided a student aid package which is now the best in
Canada. By providing access for 15,000 additional students, and not just in Vancouver, the government has reduced baniers for many. There are more than half a million
people who now have access to the university system who
didn't before because they can now go to Kelowna or
Kamloops or Nanaimo or Prince George.
The government has provided new money for equipment and for maintenance of buildings, and has provided
matching funds for our fundraising campaign. It has recently increased grants at above inflation rates and has
provided capital funds for badly needed new buildings. So,
the government has, in fact, been doing a lot to increase and
enhance the situation at UBC and universities in general.
Q: How will UBC guarantee that students have better
access to financial aid?
A: It's our intention to keep the bureaucracy to a minimum and we intend, especially, that the emergency loan
part of the package will have a very flexible, responsive
process in place.
Q: The economy is somewhat volatile. If the recession
continues and inflation rises significantly, so will tuition in
years to come.
A: I understand the concern, but we cannot allow
ourselves to get into the same situation as we did during the
last recession, one we have spent several years recovering
It isn't just students' costs that come under pressure, it's
the costs of operating the institution that come under financial pressure. So, the question is do you want to maintain
the level and the quality of what you've got? The answer is
yes, we want to preserve what we've worked so hard to
Continued from Page 1
formed company to be called University Enterprises of B.C. (UEBC). The
report said existing liaison offices in
universities would continue to operate
as they do now, but they would be
subject to the UEBC right of first refusal on inventions.
Murray said such an arrangement
would only produce negative results
and jeopardize current UBC contract
agreements worth about $15 million
this year.
"We've got to the point now where
the research community here feels
comfortable in coming to us for help
with their disclosures," said Murray.
"A new company would take close to
10 years to get where we are now and
by that time we would have lost any
advantage we might have gained."
Murray warned that faculty members would publish their research rather
than disclose it to the UEBC. He added
that published material cannot be patented.
However, the committee report said
technology transfer must be more coordinated and aggressive in fostering
links with local B.C. companies.
The report proposes that the provincial government contribute $2 million a year to UEBC for a period of up
to five years. UEBC would also be
directed to raise funds from private
The report highlighted the need for
more funding of technology and
knowledge-based businesses in B.C.
and better management to oversee new
Murray said research disclosures to
the UBC Industry Liaison Office have
increased from a handful each year, in
the early 1980s, to almost 100 mis
For every dollar of royalties UBC
receives from licensed companies, half
goes to the inventor, one-sixth goes to
the inventor's faculty or department
and the university keeps the remainder.
UBC generated more than 60 per
cent of B.C.'s total public and private
research in the 1989-90 academic year
and allocated $ 100 million for research.
The SPARK Fiscal Committee will
release its final report at the end of
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Drug may contribute $750,000 in royalties
Continued from Page 1
has watched royalties from spin-off
companies grow from $5,000 a year to
close to $750,000 in 1990. Hopes are
that proceeds from NAG will eventually double that figure.
NAG was licensed to a local company in 1987 but it took two more
years before it was on the market as a
dietary supplement If clinical trials for
NAG's effectiveness are successful, the
federal government may issue a drug
identification (DIN) number and the
pill could then be sold as a prescription
Albert Burton, a UBC biochemistry professor, discovered NAG's po
tential six years ago when he found
that people with inflammatory bowel
disease formed insufficient amounts of
the aminosugar in their system. Since
the body wasn't producing enough of
the aminosugar on its own, Burton
thought that providing an outside
source might help stimulate and restore the supporting tissue structures
made from NAG.
"Providing a supplement of NAG
when there is a deficiency is a simple
way of improving the situation," said
Burton. "It doesn't cure a disease, but
rather improves the symptoms."
Burton added that supplements of
ready made NAG may also prove beneficial to people who are longterm users
of anti-inflammatory steroids. These
corticosteroids impair the formation
of aminosugars which weaken joints
and skin tissue of users. The steroids
are used to suppress inflammation
caused by conditions such as arthritis.
Burton also said that about half the
number of newborn infants, bom prematurely, suffer from similar problems.
Weakness in the support structures
around their blood vessels makes the
vessels rupture easily. This, in turn,
causes brain hemorrhaging, a major
cause of birth defects.
Fowler began exploring NAG's
commercial potential four years ago
and expects it will take another five
years before the product gets patented
and the university starts seeing returns
on its investment.
The most successful UBC research
idea to date has been the X-400 and X-
500 universal electronic mailing systems which allow information to be
passed between unlike computers. License agreements from the systems will
constitute almost half of the
university's research royalties this
"This job takes time and patience
because the road is full of potholes,"
said Fowler, who added that fostering
smaller inventions is necessary to increase royalties until the big ideas blossom.
Some of the spin-off companies
which owe their origin to expertise
or research from UBC include the
well-known B.C. technology based
companies Columbia Computing
Services, MacDonald Dettwiler,
MDI Mobile Data International,
Nexus Engineering Corp., Moli Energy and Quadra Logic Technologies. UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991       3
75 Years celebrated in one great year
Photo by Media Services
A familiar sight throughout the anniversary, the UBC Letter People were official campus mascots for the year.
What a celebration it was!
Photo by Media Services
Future UBC student (?) enjoys the festivities at summer S.U.P.E.R. Sale.
1990 was a year like no other at
It was a time to reflect on 75
years of accomplishment, celebrate a diamond anniversary and
look confidently ahead to the future.
And what a celebration!
Never before had so many
people from off campus visited the
university, attracted by plays, concerts, lectures, sports events, class
reunions and more. Open House
alone drew an estimated 200,000
Old friends dropped by to
sample the traditional delights of
Homecoming while first-time visitors were lured to campus by exciting new events, such as Discover
Summer at UBC.
"Our 75th anniversary celebrations were an enormous success,
both in terms of alerting the public
to the first-rate research, teaching
and attractions at UBC, and in
making members of the campus
community aware of how much
they have to be proud of," said
President David Strangway.
75th anniversary
leaves legacy
More than just a passing celebration, the 75th anniversary also
left a lasting legacy.
Part of this legacy is easy to see.
For example, from the viewpoint
by the flag pole at the north end of
main mall, a metal plaque now
shows visitors the names of Coast
Range mountains ringing Howe
Sound. The site offers the best accessible view of the mountains on
campus and, located just above the
rose garden, is a favorite stop for
Another of the permanent legacies is the rejuvenation of Fairview
Grove, the small park on Main Mall
that pays tribute to UBC's second
president, Leonard Klinck. As
Dean of Agriculture, Klinck set up
a tent on the site in the summer of
1915, becoming the first occupant
of the Point Grey campus. In
March, dignitaries planted 75 trees
in the grove in honor of the anniversary and to kick off Open
There are other legacies of 75th
as well, less tangible, but just as
A new benchmark has been set
for future Open Houses (the next
one is scheduled for 1993) as
hundreds of faculty, staff, students and community volunteers
worked together last March to
make the event a resounding suc
More than 400 events showcased UBC research and activities
during the three-day extravaganza,
not only giving the public a rare
glimpse of university life, but providing an opportunity for many on
campus to see what their neighbors do.
Summer discovered
at UBC campus
And 1990 was also the year that
we set out to Discover Summer at
UBC. A festival of sports, fine and
performing arts and other activi
ties, Discover Summer succeeded
in luring more visitors to campus
during the summer months than
ever before. Visitors saw exhibitions of paintings and photographs,
scores of concerts (including music by the newly formed UBC
Summer Strings), summer stock
theatre and much more.
The Pacific Coast Music Festival brought more than 3,500 of
B.C.'s top high school musicians
to campus for a two-day event.
Organizers were so impressed with
UBC they are considering it as a
permanent site.
Sports and recreation events
such as the Arts 20 Relay continued to build and strengthen town-
gown ties. The summer tour pro-
Photo by Media Services
Several ofthe original participants ofthe Great Trek of 1922 gathered to commemorate the famous event.
gram also grew. Guides led about
800 tour groups around campus.
The S.U.P.E.R. (Special University Project to Encourage Recycling) Sale drew about 5,000 people
under brilliant July skies, raising
$39,000 for campus departments.
Buoyed by the success of the sale,
organizers are looking at holding it
The 75th anniversary also
helped to strengthen old traditions.
According to Deborah Apps, executive director ofthe Alumni Association and chair of the Homecoming Week committee, it provided the opportunity to develop a
first-class Homecoming celebration.
Pierre Berton was presented
with the Great Trekker award at a
gala banquet at the Hotel Vancouver as hundreds of alumni returned
to campus for the many class reunions.
Original trekkers
AU were warmly greeted, but
the biggest welcome was reserved
for the original Great Trekkers.
Members of the graduating
classes of 1916-27, including 27
men and women who actually took
part in the Great Trek of 1922,
attended a special reception and
re-traced the route of their famous
Several other campus projects
also brightened up our 75th year.
There were special symposia and
lectures, special issues of journals
such as B.C. Asian Review and
Canadian Literature and a number
of books published to mark the
anniversary, including a history of
women at UBC, a history of the
Forestry Faculty and an anthology
of the works of graduates and instructors of the Creative Writing
department. 4    UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991
January 13 -
January 26
MONDAY, JAN 14  ]|
Piano Masterclass
Richard Goode. Adult fee,
$10 at the door. Music
Recital Hall at 7:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Pediatrics Research Seminar
90/91 Series. More Clinical Trials-Ro-
todrine-The Human Story. Dr. Ruth Mill-
ner, Research Support Unit. University
Hospital, Shaughnessy Site D308 at 12pm.
Call Gail or Or. Skala at 875-2492.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Experimental Investigation of Bifurcation
In Twisted Square Plates. Robert Howell.
Fluid Flow Out Of A Slot Using Inviscid
Theory. Bruce Ainslie. Both speakers,
M.A.Sc. students. Mechanical Engineering, UBC. CEME1202from3:30-4:30pm.
Call 228-6200.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Bio-Mega Lecture. Ribonucleotide Reductases:
Amazing And Still Confusing. Dr. JoAnne Stubbe,
Chemistry, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology,
Cambridge, MA. Chemistry B250 at 1pm.
Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call 228-
Statistics Seminar
Joint presentation with the
Faculty of Commerce/Bus.
Admin. Some Methods For
Obtaining Asymptotic Results For U-Statistics. Prof.
Neville Weber, Mathematical Statistics, U. of Sydney. Ponderosa
Annex C-102 at 4pm. Refreshments at
3:45pm. Call 228-2234.
Forestry Seminar
Alpine Tundra And Forest Vegetation In
Changhai Mt. Dr. H. Qian, Forest Sciences, UBC. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Freeadmission. Call228-2507.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Glycogen De-Branching
Enzyme. Dr. Steve Withers, Chemistry, UBC. Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Resource Ecology Seminar
Nutrient Budgets And Fire Effects In
Heathland Watersheds In Spain. Cristina
Belillas, Forest Sciences, UBC. BioSciences 2449 at 4:30pm. Call 228-4329.
UBC Reports it fee faculty and
3^nii»apapir of fhe University
of British Cotambia. It is pub-
Mstied «w«y second Thursday by
tt* UBC Co^nMBtty Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Van-
Telephone 228-3131.  .
Advertiakig; inquiries: 228-4775.
^rector: Margaret Nevin
Maaagtag Editor: Steve Crombie
CiWfr Ijiiitm I. BfflnBarfce, Connie
«ettL Abe Heller, Charles Ker,
flK^lppVHl WH80B*
For events in the period Jan. 27 to Feb. 9, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no later
than noon on Wednesday, Jan. 16 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Did Administration
Building. For more information call 228-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published Jan. 24. Notices exceeding 35
words may be edited.
r ff^ayTjan.
Geophysics Seminar
Data Reduction And Seismic Interpretation. Yehoshua Keshet, Geology, Duke
U. Durham, NC. Geophysics/Astronomy
260 at 4pm. Call 228-3100/2267.
Geography Colloquium
Landslides As Indicators Of Neotectonic
Activity In the Canadian Cordillera. Dr.
Wayne Savigny, Geology, UBC. Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Institute of Asian Research
Brown Bag Seminar
Southeast Asian Migration
To Australia. Dr. Christine
Inglis, Centre of Studies in
Demography/Ecology, U.
of Washington. Asian
Centre 604 at 12:30pm.
Call 228-4688.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Lafayette String Quartet
with Robert Silverman,
piano. Admission $2 at
the door. Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Call 228-
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Effects Of Topography And Costal Geometry Rotattonalty Dominated Flow. Dr.
Susan Allen, Oceanography, UBC.
Mathematics 229 at 3:45pm. Call 228-
Pharmacology Seminar
The Uses And Abuses Of Angel-Dust
(Phencyclidine). Dr. John Church, Physiology, UBC. IRC #1 from 11:30-12:30pm.
Call 228-2575.
Microbiology Seminar
Regulation Of Interferon Gene Expression: Implications for Therapy. Dr. Paula
M. Pitha-Rowe, Oncology Center, Johns
Hopkins, Baltimore, MD. Wesbrook 201
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Physics Colloquium
Inflation. Bill Unruh, Physics, UBC. Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 228-3853.
Obstetrics/Gynecology Grand
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura In Pregnancy. Dr. P. Ballem.
University Hospital
Shaughnessy Site Lecture
Theatre D308 at 8am. Call
Pediatrics Resident Case Management
Management Of Urinary Tract Infection.
Dr. Margaret Colbourn, Presentor; Dr.
Saug Al Soleiss, Discussion. G.F. Strong
Rehab. Centre Auditoriam at 9am. Call
A.C. Ferguson at 875-2118.
German Lecture
President's Lecture. Discipline And Bondage: Future Of Language/Literature Curriculum. Professor Mark Webber, Language, Literature/Linguistics, York U., Buchanan Penthouse at
12:30pm. Call 228-5119.
Fisheries/Aquatic Science Seminar
Effect of Smolt Size on Smolt-To-Adult
Survival Of Chilko Lake Sockeye Salmon
And Other Interesting Aspects Of The
Biology Of Fraser Sockeye. Mike Henderson, Fisheries/Oceans, Vancouver. Bio
Sciences 2361. Call 228-4329.
Economics Departmental Seminar
Topic to be announced. John Rust (Wisconsin). Host: Professor Ken Hendricks.
Brock Hall 351 from 4-5:30pm. Call 228-
William G
Black Memorial Prize
Essay Competition. To the
amount of approx. $1600.
Open to students of any
discipline, enrolled in un-
dergrad or professional
programs. (Students with
graduate degrees excluded.) Topic to be
related to Canadian citizenship; duration
of the competition, two hours. Please
bring your student card for identification.
Angus 104 from 10am-12pm. Call
Awards/Financial Aid at 228-5111.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Strong Localized Perturbations Of Linear
And Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems. Dr.
Michael Ward, Mathematics, Stanford U.,
Stanford, CA. Call 228-4584.
Astronomy Seminar
Hydrodynamic Mixing Of
Stellar Interiors And The
Solar Neutrino Problem.
Dr. Bill Merryfield, Geophysics/Astronomy and
Chemistry, UBC. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee
Available from 3:30pm. Call H. Richer at
Health Policy Research Unit
Technology Assessment In
Hospital Decision Making.
Dr. Stan Reiser, U. of
Texas. University Hospital, UBC Site, G39, Purdy
Pavilion at 12pm. Call 228-
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Dynamics Of Orbiting Interconnected Flexible Bodies: A General Formulation. Alfred
Ng. A Multgrid Technique For Film Cooling Calculations. Jimmy Zhou. Both
speakers, Ph.D. candidates, Mechanical
Engineering, UBC. CEME 1202 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Call 228-6200.
In The Spotlight
Outstanding Students in Concert. Free
admission. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Recent Developments In The Catalytic
Synthesis Of Chlorofluorocarbon Alternatives. Dr. Leo Manzer, Central Research/
Development, E.I. du Pont de Nemours &
Co., Wilmington, Delaware. Chemistry
B250 at 1pm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 228-3266.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Analysis Of The Surface
Carbohydrate Of
Caulobacter. Dr. Jack
Saddler, Forest Sciences,
UBC. Wesbrook 201 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-
Resource Ecology Seminar
Heritability Of Shell Form In An Intertidal
Snail Population: Evidence For Response
To Observed Spatial And Temporal
Changes In Selection Pressure. Elizabeth Boulding, SFU. BioSciences 2449 at
4:30pm. Call 229-4329.
Geography Colloquium
Sic Transit Gloria: Usurpation Of Local Responsibility By The Vancouver-
Richmond Transit Committee. Dr. Ken Denike,
Geog., UBC. Geography
. Call 228-3268.
Forestry Seminar
&u*mm\irtmn European Silviculture Sys-
.-SI?,'* jM terns.    Professor Gordon
..ff.iL.'-'s Jl Weetman.     Forest Sciences,   Forestry,   UBC.
MacMillan 166 from. 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-2507.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Fraser MacPherson, saxophone and Oliver Gannon, guitar. Admission, $2 at the
door. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Call
Panel Discussion
The Barber Of Seville
From Beaumarchais To
Rossini. A Panel Discussion On The Forthcoming
Vancouver Opera Production With John Hulcoop
(English), Anne Scott (French), And Alison Green (Vancouver Opera). Dorothy
Somerset Studio at 12:30pm. Call 228-
Physics Colloquium
The Eight Metre Project.
Gordon Walker, Geophysics/Astronomy, UBC.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
Regulation And Expression Of The Lux
Genes From Bioluminescent Bacteria. Dr.
E.A. Meighen, Biochemistry, McGill U.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Pharmacology Seminar
Adverse Drug Reactions:
A Clinical Perspective. Dr.
James Wright, Medicine/
Pharmacology/Therapeutics, UBC. IRC #1 from
11:30am-12:30pm.    Call
Distinguished Artists Series
James Campbell, clarinet; Eric Wilson,
violoncello; Jane Coop, piano. Admission: adults, $12, students and seniors,
$7. Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Prelude
lecture, 7:15pm. Call 228-3113.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Thalassemia: Genetics,
Diagnosis And Treatment.
Dr. Paul Rogers, UBC.
Additional speakers: Dr. Ka
Wah Chan, Oncology/Hae-
matology; Dr. Bonnie
Massing, Haematopathology. G.F. Strong
Rehab. Centre Auditorium at 9am. Call
Weekly Grand Rounds
Obstetrics/Gynecology. Childbed Fever -
A Historical Review. Dr.G. Kom. University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site Lecture
Theatre D308 at 8am. Call 875-2171.
Fisheries/Aquatic Science Seminar
A New Approach To Recruitment Determination: A Departure From Traditional
Thinking. Chris Taggart, Dalhousie U.
BioSciences 2361 at 3:30pm. Call 228-
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble
Martin Berinbaum, director. Free admission. Old
Auditorium at 12:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The Fate of Canada.
I DeaneGigarrtes.TheSen-
| ate of Canada. Woodward
IRC #2 at 8:15pm.   Call
Susan Dudley at 732-2318.
Carpool Matching
Send both your home and
work addresses and both
ii CMfjM telephone numbers; your
."■tan working hours; whether
you have a car and if you
smoke while driving, to
Karen Pope, Dean's Office, Applied Science. When a carpool match is found, the
information will be sent to you. Call 228-
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging from Designing Effective
Computer Graphics to Motivation In Sport?
More than 500 topics to choose from; most
speakers are available free of charge. Call
228-6167, Mon., Tue., Fri., 8:30am-12pm.
Institute of Asian Research Art
Tiananmen Square, China.
Co-ordinated by Mr.
Dongquing Wei. Free
admission. Jan. 12-26,
Asian Centre Auditorium
(509), from 11am-4pm
daily. Call 228-2746.
Museum of Anthropology
Exhibitions extended: Portraits of BC Native leaders,
chiefs, chief counsellors
and elders by Kwaguitl
photographer David Neel
and Ghosts In The Machine, sculptures created by Snake In The
Grass Moving Theatre. Now open in the
new West Wing: The Koerner Ceramics
Gallery. Closed Monday. Call 228-5087.
Executive Programmes
Two day business seminar, Jan. 21-22:
Effective Grievance Handling, $695. E.D.
MacPhee Executive Conference Centre.
Call 224-8400. UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991       5
January 13
January 26
Sports Medicine Study
Volunteers, female, age
18-35 needed to participate
in study on Exercise and
the Menstrual Cycle. Fit,
healthy, having normal
menstrual cycles and not
currently on oral contraceptives. Physiological testing provided. Allan McGavin
Sports Med. Centre, John Owen Pavilion,
UBC. Call Dr. Connie Lebrun 228-4045
or 980-6355.
School of Nursing Study
Volunteers needed for study of couples/
family adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis. Women and partners. Involves
interviews/response to questionnaire. Call
Dr. Ann Hilton at 228-7498.
School of Nursing Study
Couples are needed who are both in paid
employment (over 20 hre/wk.) and have
at least one child under eighteen months
of age. Involves filling out a questionnaire
twice (10 minutes each time). Call Wendy
Hall at 228-7447.
Psychiatry Depression Study
Participants needed for
research study using new
antidepressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-
65 years. Call Doug Keller
at 228-7318.
Psychiatry Personality Questionnaire Study
Volunteers needed to jcomplete two. 90-
minute sessions. Stipend, $20. Call Janice at 228-7895/7057.
School of Family/Nutritional Sciences Study
Energy Metabolism. Female volunteers
needed, age 27-38 with no history of dieting. Must be able to attend UBC clinic
monthly for a short follow-up visit, for 1
year. Call Sara Pare at 228-2502.
Counselling Psychology Retirement Preparation
Volunteers interested in
planning their retirement
needed for research project. Discussion on related
issues included. Call Sara
Cornish at 228-5345.
Diabetic Clinical Study
Diabetics who have painful
neuropathy affecting the
legs needed to volunteer
for 14-week trial of an investigational new drug.
Call Dr. Donald Studney,
Medicine, University Hospital, UBC Site at
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep a daily journal
(average 5 min. daily) for 4 months, noting
patterns in physical/social experiences.
Call Jessica McFarlane at 228-5121.
Psychiatry PMS Study
University Hospital,
Shaughnessy site. Volunteers needed for a
study of an investigational
medication to treat Pre
Menstrual Syndrome.
Call Dr. D. Carter at 228-7318.
Sleep Disorders Study
Volunteers 18-45 years suffering from
Chronic Insomnia needed for a study on
sleep-promoting medication (hypnotics).
Must be available to sleep overnight at a
lab for five nights. Call Carmen Ramirez
at 228-7927.
Hypertension    in    Pregnancy
Pregnant women, concerned about their blood
pressure, are invited to
participate. The study
j compares relaxation training with standard medical
treatment (own physician).     Call  Dr.
Wolfgang Linden at 228-4156.
Post Polio Study
Persons with polio needed for functional
assessment and possible training programs. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D., School
of Rehabilitation Medicine, 228-7392.
Multiple Sclerosis Study
Persons with mild to moderately severe
MS needed for study on exercise responses. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D.,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 228-7392.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the
Department of Statistics to
provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on research
problems. Forms for appointments available In 210. Ponderosa
Annex C-210. Call 228-4037.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
All surplus items. Every
Wednesday, 12-3pm.
Task Force Bldg., 2352
Health Sciences Mall. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject.
They are prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being sexually
harassed to find a satisfactory resolution.
Call Margaretha Hoek or Jon Shapiro at
To find an interesting and
challenging volunteer job,
get in touch with Volunteer
Connections, Student
Counselling and Resources Centre, Brock 200.
Call 228-3811.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site,
Room 311 (through Lab Medicine from
Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Badminton Club For Faculty/
""■""a Thursdays    from    8:30-
., jfjfll:: J 10:30pm and Fridays from
P~" ~tI 6:30-8:30pm in Gym A of
I the     Robert     Osborne
m^ I Centre.   Club dues, $15
plus library card. Call Bernard 228-6809 or 731-9966.
sj.    '■?■■-
1   i; ' i
1   ■ ■
I it '■!      - |i
Duplicate Bridge
i«      «• Informal game.   All wel-
|       ! come.   Admission $2 per
11     . : . person (includes coffee/
•         ' snacks).      Faculty  Club
1 every Wednesday at 7pm.
"■-■'• Call 228-4865.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education and
Recreation through the
John M. Buchanan Fitness
and Research Centre, administers a physical fitness
assessment program. Students $25, others $30. Call 228-4356.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Located west of the Education Building.
Freeadmission. Open year round. Families interested in planting, weeding or
watering the garden, call Gary Pennington at 228-6386 or Jo-Anne Naslund at
Botanical Garden
l»i!HM=. i .j open every day from
10am-3pm until Mar. 15/91.
Free admission. Call 228-
Nitobe Garden
Open Monday to Friday,
10am-3pm until Mar. 15/
91. Free admission. Call
II        %
Sharing key factor in child behavior
Teaching pre-school children how
to share can be about as much fun as
pulling teeth. However, a study conducted by the Psychology Department
at UBC has revealed that, with a minimum of effort, parents can lay the
groundwork for social skills by teaching siblings how to share.
Other studies have shown that some
children who fail to grasp social skills
by a Kindergarten age can exhibit problem behavior, like delinquency, later
in life, said Georgia Tiedemann, a former graduate student in clinical psychology.
"Sharing is a key indicator," said
Tiedemann, who headed the study with
UBC psychology Professor Charlotte
Over 50 families participated in
UBC's Sharing Project. Each family
had two children between the ages of
two and six years. The sharing skills
of these children, particularly with their
siblings, was the focus of the study,
said Tiedemann.
"The families completed question-
aires and allowed their children to be
videotaped in a laboratory playroom
for a total of three sessions, at one-
hour per session. In addition, over 100
other volunteers — including elementary school, pre-school and daycare
staff — provided information about
children's social behavior outside the
Tiedemann said the study revealed
that it is important for parents to ap
proach sharing in a positive manner,
and not by simply breaking up a fight
between two siblings vying for the
same object.
other one would behave in a similar
manner. Moreover, when the mother
was involved in sharing and play with
her children, the children were also
* 4fc Jilii§ J"J
"It's important for parents to take notice ofthe efforts made by their
children to share and to reinforce that behavior " - Georgia Tiedemann.
"Kids have a hard time learning the
concept of fairness, which means getting what they need, rather than getting what someone else gets," said
Tiedemann. "Children believe they
deserve to get what they want. It's
important for parents to act as role
models, to take notice of the efforts
made by their children to share and to
reinforce that behavior with parental
The study determined that when one
child was willing to share with his/her
sibling, it was highly likely that the
more likely to share well together.
"We explored this further by asking mothers to create two different situations for their children," said Tiedemann.
"For 10 minutes in the playroom,
mothers were busy with paperwork and
asked to use their usual strategies to
keep the children from bothering her.
For another 10 minutes, mothers were
free to interact with the children as
they chose, and had no particular task.
As any mother who has tried to talk on
the phone with her children present
would predict, children became more
active and hostile towards their mother
when she was busy than when she was
free. The children also shared less and
were more likely to play separately.
When their mother was free to interact
with them, the children substantially
increased their sharing play with each
Tiedemann said it's possible that
children not only prefer the greater attention from their mother when she's
free, but actively dislike the times when
she is busy.
Another focus of the study was a
five-session parent education program
in which most families participated.
The program focused on creating situations where it was easier for children
to get along. It also focused on positive aspects of sharing-skill development.
"We were pleased to discover that
many families reported increased abilities in sharing at home and this was
generally reflected in increased sharing out of the home as well. In our
observations in the laboratory, increased sharing between sibling was
observed as well. Naturally, children
who had not participated in the program also increased their skill levels
over time as they matured. But we saw
additional increases in families where
parents were focusing particularly on
developing sharing and positive sibling relationships."
Tiedemann said teaching children
to share doesn't have to begin and end
in a laboratory setting.
"One aspect of the program that
many mothers commented on very
favorably was the opportunity to borrow children's and adult's books related to sharing and sibling interaction.
Many libraries have further book lists
on particular parenting topics and may
be willing to put together new lists and
displays on request."
Advertise in
UBC Reports
Deadline for paid
advertisements for
the Jan. 24 issue is
4 p.m. Jan. 15
For information,
phone 228-3131
To place an ad,
phone 228-4775 6    UBC REPORTS Jan. 10,1991
Imagine a stack of used paper as
tall as the Ladner Clock Tower — in
fact, imagine 262 stacks lined up side-
by-side, next to the clock tower.
That's how much paper UBC now
recycles per year instead of sending it
to the landfill, according to officials at
the university's Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF).
Unfortunately, recycling that much
paper — 490 tonnes — is no backyard
task. The paper has to be handled
many times as part of the collection
and recycling process.
"One ofthe biggest challenges is to
put together an administrative framework," explained Brenda Jagroop,
Waste Management Coordinator for
SERF. "We work with Plant Operations, and-they're very supportive, but
it's a big job just coordinating the operational end of things."
University supports
recycling program
At the moment, no one person or
department has absolute control over
campus recycling activities. The
President's Office has established a task
force to develop recommendations on
waste reduction, recycling and re-use.
The task force will submit a detailed
progess report to President David
Strangway this month.
"The university administration definitely supports the whole recycling
program," said Jagroop.   "The chal
lenge is to make that program reflect
the wants and concerns of all members
of the UBC community."
SERF staff helped to organize the
UBC S.U.P.E.R. Sale last July.
S.U.P.E.R. stands for Special University Program to Encourage Recycling
and the one-day recycling fair on
Maclnnes Field was a hit, drawing
5,000 people. The event raised over
$39,000 through the sale of surplus
UBC equipment and items donated by
campus departments and alumni.
"The sale was a wonderful success,"
Jagroop said. "It took a lot of work,
but it helped to create and promote an
attitude of environmental concern.
Things like the sale are important if
UBC wants to take a leadership role in
environmental awareness."
Jagroop graduated from UBC in
Metals and Materials Engineering and
sees a natural connection between
academics and environmental concerns.
"For example, I think the Engineering Departments are going to get more
involved in complex environmental areas, as recycling moves away from a
backyard industry," she said.
"Recycling helps to
create awareness of
environmental concerns. "—Jagroop
She has approached a number of
departments about giving students class
credit for projects related to recycling.
"Right now the only class working
with SERF is a fourth-year marketing
class developing recommendations for
promoting recycling, but we hope to
do more in this area," said Jagroop.
In the meantime, SERF has a pleasant problem on its hands: how to keep
up with UBC's enthusiasm for recycling.
"Recycling helps to promote awareness of environmental concerns, and
awareness leads to reduction and reuse," said Jagroop. "Most people on
campus now don't automatically throw
everything out—they think about what
to do with each item. That's very
important and very encouraging."
If you have any- questions or suggestions about campus recycling, you
can reach Brenda Jagroop in the SERF
office at 228-3827.
Around & About will appear once
a month in UBC Reports.
Letters to the Editor
In the excellent article on "University seeks portion of provincial
health budget for medical research"
(UBC Reports, Dec. 13, 1990) you
comment that the Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry and the School of
Nursing have cross-appointed and
clinical faculty members in the various teaching hospitals. I would like
to point out that Pharmaceutical Sci
ences also has such appointments and
that our faculty members are also
greatly involved in providing service
to patients and in carrying out research
in the teaching hospitals.
John McNeill
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Library plan focuses
on values and vision
University Librarian Ruth Patrick
Continued from Page 1
which all services and outreach programs are based."
The seeds of the library's strategic
plan for the future were sewn during a
two-day retreat at Whistler in October
involving about 30 people from the
library. Two small groups were then
formed to produce draft statements 6n
the library's organizational values and
vision, based on discussions at the retreat.
"Identifying the organizational values of the library was the first step in
the development of our strategic plan,"
said Patrick.   "Foremost among the
Photo by Media Services
chaired strategic planning team.
library's values are service, integrity
innovation and effectiveness."
More than 160 staff from throughout the library system attended group
sessions to discuss the first draft of
the library's values and visionfeyJhe-^
future. The libraryiraiso planning
ways for the university community
— administration, faculty, staff and
students — to review and discuss
the strategic plan in the spring. The
planning coordination team hopes
to produce an interim report, incorporating these strategies, by early
Beetles pose costly threat to forest industry
A problem mat is "bugging" the coastal B.C.
forest industry in a big way has prompted the
Department of Forest Sciences to join forces with
MacMillan Bloedel and Phero Tech pest management services.
UBC and the two companies are taking part in
a study to determine the extent of ambrosia beetle
infestations in logs around the coast of B.C. and
to develop an integrated management system to
minimize their impact
The ambrosia beetle is a tiny insect no bigger
than a shrivelled raisin. The beetle has always
been a scourge of the coastal forest industry,
resulting in estimated annual lumber losses totalling about $200 million.
Forest Sciences Professor John McLean,
who is heading the UBC contingent in this
study, said the ambrosia beetle is one of the
greatest loss factors for the B.C. coastal forest
"The ambrosia beetles attack trees that have
been felled and left sitting in the woods, especially western hemlock logs," said McLean.
"Standing living trees are not attacked."
McLean said the beetles, which measure about
five millimetres in length, burrow their way
through the outer sapwood of the tree, leaving
tiny pinholes in the wood. Fungus develops in
the pinholes and the beetles feed on the fungus.
McLean and his six UBC field, teams will set
up shop in the MacMillan Bloedel logging divisions at Nanaimo, Alberni and Powell River and
at two sawmills.   Another   team will monitor
wood stored in the north arm of the Fraser
River, including much of the wood stored near
Photo by Media Services
Professor John McLean points out damage caused by ambrosia beetles in a fallen log.
The log-booming grounds that service each of
these regions will be the starting point for the
two-year project. The crews will monitor the
chain of events that takes the log from the end of
the logging phase all the way to the sawmill and
track the transportation of the infested logs through
the system.
"Over the past eight years, Phero Tech has
been catching millions of beetles every year
through the use of traps", said McLean. "However, the sawmills are still receiving infested wood.
So, although millions of beetles are being caught,
we don't know what those numbers mean. This
study is aimed at making some sense of those
numbers. Phero Tech is well placed to disseminate the results of this study to the industry as a
Ambrosia beetles are a thorn in the side of
loggers all around the world, said McLean, especially in the tropics. The resulting damage can
reduce the value of the highest grades of wood by
about 90 per cent, with no way to repair the
damage done to the wood.
"The only thing that can be done with infested wood is to turn it into pulp," said
The ambrosia beetle task force is jointly funded
by the Science Council of B.C. Science and Technology Development Fund, the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council of Canada and
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991
Salcudean appointed to National Research Council
Science Minister William Winegard has named
Martha Salcudean, Professor and Head of Mechanical Engineering, to
the governing council of
the National Research
Council of Canada.
A graduate of the Institute of Polytechnics in
Brasov, Romania, Salcudean taught at the University of Ottawa prior to her appointment to UBC.
She has served on numerous academic and national advisory committees, including the National Advisory Panel on Advanced Industrial
The NRC's governing council consists of 21
members appointed by the government for renewable terms of not more than three years. The
members represent business, scientific and engineering expertise from all sectors ofthe economy and all regions of the country. The council
provides guidance and direction for the management of all policies and programs to ensure
that research and development undertaken by
the NRC is relevant to national requirements.
Dr. Noel Buskard, Clinical Professor of
Medicine, has been elected president of the Canadian Hematology Society for a two-year term.
He was also reaffirmed as Canada's representative to the International Society of Hematology.
The Canadian Hematology Society represents
Canadian hematologists nationwide on a variety
of academic, scientific and administrative issues.
Dr. Buskard also serves as a consultant hema-
tologist at the Cancer Control Agency of British
Columbia and he is director of the Canadian
National Coordinating Centre of the Canadian
Red Cross Society Unrelated Bone marrow Donor Registry.
Robert Miller, Vice-President of Research,
and Julia Levy, Professor of Microbiology, have
been reappointed to the Science Council of British Columbia by Bruce Strachan, Minister of
Advanced Education, Training and Technology.
The Science Council, as an agent of the Crown,
promotes the development of science and technology in B.C. by drawing on the university and
industry community for creative applications of
their research. Council members are volunteers
with a wide range of expertise.
The council's primary
role is to adjudicate awards
for research. It will also
deliver a number of programs funded by the $420-
million Science and Technology Fund, introduced by
the provincial government
this spring.
New appointees to the
council   are  Christopher
Barnes and Ellen Godfrey,
both of Victoria, Colin Jones of West Vancouver and   Brian Thair   of Prince George. Haig
Farris has been designated chairperson of the
Ruth Warick, a former director in the Sas-
katchewan Public
Service Commission,
has been named the
first director of UBC's
Disability Resource
Warick, who started
her new job Jan. 7, said
the first priority will be
to finish hiring for the
centre and orient her- Warick
self to disability related issues on and off
Hard of hearing from birth, Warick has
worked extensively with the hearing impaired community on a voluntary basis. She
is a founding member of the Canadian
Hard of Hearing Association and the National Forum of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing.
From 1981 to 1985, Warick served on an
advisory committee looking into the employment of disabled persons in the federal public
service. Warick is also chairman of an advisory committee on deaf education to
Saskatchewan's Minister of Education.
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
•research design
• sampling
•data analysis
• forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508      Home: (604) 263-5394
Classified advertising can be purchased from Media Services. Phone
228-4775. Ads placed by faculty and staff cost $6 per insertion for 35
words. Others are charged $7. Monday, Jan. Hat 4p.m. is the deadline
for the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, Jan. 24.
Deadline for the following edition on Feb. 7is 4 p.m. Monday, Jan. 28. All
ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal requisition.
professional looking results with WP5
and HP Deskjet Plus printer. Editing
and proofreading. Competitive rates.
Pickup and delivery available at extra
cost. West End location. Call Suzanne
VICTORIA REAL ESTATE: Experienced, knowledgeable realtor with
faculty references will answer all queries and send information on retirement or investment opportunities. No
cost or obligation. Call (604) 595-
3200. Lois Dutton, REMAX Ports
West, Victoria, B.C.
NOTARY PUBLIC: for all your Notarial Services including Wills, Conveyancing and Mortgages, contact
Pauline Matt, 4467 Dunbar St., (at
28th & Dunbar), Vancouver, B.C.
Telephone (604) 222-9994.
Literature, art, music, philosophy, and
more. Looking for records or tapes?
We have blues, rock, collectible classical and jazz. We buy and sell. 523
Richards St., downtown Vancouver,
662-3113, every afternoon.
STUDENTS: You can get at least 10%
off everything in our stores. Network
apparel, 2568 Granville Street, Vancouver. Canspirit Apparel, 3185 West
Broadway, Vancouver.
FINDERS FEES: Significant sums to
be earned for acting as a business
intermediary. Absolutely no experience needed. Earn thousands for simply being the catalyst. Ideal for raising
funds for yourself or the needs of
charities. Write us for full information.
Box 46136 Station G, Vancouver,
B.C., V6R 4G5
Important AIDS study
set to begin this month
UBC medical researchers will lead
the largest AIDS-related clinical trial
ever conducted in Canada.
Scheduled to begin later this month
under the direction of principal investigator Dr. Julio Montaner, of UBC's
Department of Medicine, eight centres
across the country will compare the
safety and efficacy of ddl versus ACT
in patients who have received prior
ACT therapy for at least six months.
Dr. Peter Phillips and Dr. John
Ruedy of UBC's Department of Medicine and Dr. Martin Schechter of Health
Care and Epidemiology are the co-
investigators at UBC.
2 & 24 MONTHS?
Join our research on
language development
al U.B.C.! Just one
visit to our infant
play-room. Please
contact Dr. Baldwin
for more information:
Currently, ACT is the only approved
drug for the treatment of HIV disease.
However, it is known that ACT is not a
cure and HTV disease progresses despite therapy, Dr. Montaner explained.
He added that ddl, a newer anti-
HTV compound, is currently reserved
for the treatment of subjects with very
advanced HTV disease who cannot tolerate ACT, or whose health is deteriorating despite ACT therapy.
"The study, therefore, will answer
a critical question by addressing the
issue of whether it is better to stay on
ACT until clinical deterioration occurs,
or to change earlier to an alternate antiviral agent—ddl—to prevent deterioration," said Dr. Montaner.
The study will involve 430 patients
who have previously received ACT for
a minimum of six months. They will
be monitored for a two-year period
within the clinical trial.
The study is the first major undertaking of the recently created Canadian HTV Clinical Trials Network being
coordinated by UBC's Faculty of
Medicine. The network is expected to
facilitate clinical trials of drugs and
vaccines for the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS.
Funding for the ddl trials is being
provided by the Bristol Myers Squibb
Corporation of Canada and the United
States and will total in excess of $1.6
million per year.
Unique HIV Trials
Network opens
Perrin Beatty, Minister of National
Health and Welfare, will be in Vancouver on Jan. 22 to officiate at the
Friends of Chamber Music
♦ Robert Silverman, piano *
with the LaFayette String Quartet
Branmns Piano Quintet Op34
Beetnoven Opl8 #5; Rutn Seeger Quartet
Young Artists to ^!/atcn
Vancouver Playhouse • 8:00 p.m., Tuesday, January 15th, 1991
Tickets $20 - Students $10. Available from TicketMaster or at the door.
opening of the Canadian HIV Trials
The network—the first of its kind
for AIDS in Canada—will be based at
UBC and St. Paul's Hospital, a teaching hospital of the university.
Announced in October, 1989 as a
major component of the national
AIDS strategy, the network will facilitate clinical trials of drugs and
vaccines for the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS, and is expected to
improve accessibility of trials on a
national basis.
The proposal for funding of the
network was prepared by Dr. John
Ruedy and Dr. Julio Montaner, of
UBC's Department of Medicine, and
Dr. Martin Schechter of the Department of Health Care and Epidemiology-
The anticipated cost of the Canadian HIV Trials Network is $2.5-$3
million per year of operation. g    UBC REPORTS Jan. 10.1991
822 spells 'UBC1 on new
campus phone exchange
UBC will consolidate its telephones
within one exchange to meet an increased demand for service on campus.
The new exchange, 822, uniquely
identifies die university by spelling U-
B-C. It is expected to replace the current UBC exchanges 222,224 and 228
by July 1, 1991.,New telephones installed on campus will be assigned the
822 exchange on March 4.
"The current UBC exchanges have
been nearly all assigned, either to
the campus or to the surrounding residences and businesses," said
Fiorenza Albert-Howard, Director
of Networking and Communications.
"We are running out of four-digit
telephone numbers that can be given
to new customers which do not duplicate an exisiting campus number. I
would strongly urge all UBC person
nel to advise their off-campus contacts
of the impending change."
She added that one exchange will
greatly facilitate the strategic planning of voice communication systems. These are necessary to meet
the requirements of a rapidly expanding campus in need of increasingly
sophisticated communications services.
In addition to the approaching expiration of telephone numbers for new
UBC phone customers, the move to a
new exchange was the most cost-effective, explained Bernard Sheehan,
Associate Vice-President, Information
and Computer Systems.
"The overhead to administer any
new numbering scheme, retaining the
old prefixes at the same time, would
have been expensive," said Sheehan.
"With the new exchange, the cost to
the university will be limited, compared with any other alternative ex
All existing users of the UBC telephone system will have only the first
three digits changed to 822. The last
four digits currently assigned to them
will remain the same.
UBC numbers which are directly
connected to B.C. Tel will not be affected by the change. These include
the Centre for Continuing Education,
TRIUMF, Telereg, Forintec, the Vancouver School of Theology and pay
A recorded message will advise
callers of the change during and after
the conversion. However, off-campus
callers will be able to use the old UBC
exchanges until Oct. 1, including fax
numbers. After Oct. 1, anyone sending
an incoming fax must use the new
number. After March 4, every outgoing fax should have the new UBC telephone numbers printed on the cover
Change in telephone numbers
- UBC bcomes 822
Effective March 4,1991,UBC is adopting a new prefix for most of itson
campus telephone numbers. It will be "822" (or "UBC" if you use the
letters on your telephone's dialer.)
If your current number is in one of the following blocks:
222   -8600to8699
-8900 to 8999
224   -8100to8599 ;
228   -2000to7999
your new number for off campus callers will be 882-xxxx (or UBC-xxxx)
or for on campus callers 2-xxxx.
If your current number is not in one of the above blocks, your telephone
number will remain as it is.
If you currently use a PBX local, your four digit local number will be from
one of the following blocks:
1200 to 1999
8700 to 8899
and it will be reached from on campus by dialing 3-xxxx.
Women's Resources Centre assists in setting goals
Photo by James Loewen
Director Ruth Sigal(left) with staff of the Women's Resources Centre.
It was the only one of its kind in
Canada when Pat Thorn, then director
of daytime programming for UBC's
Continuing Education Centre, first
opened the doors to the Women's Re
sources Centre in 1971.
From its humble beginnings as a
table and chair tucked away in a small
corner room at UBC, the centre has
expanded into a facility visited by an
estimated 15,000 people a year at its
present location in a cramped, but
friendly, walk-up on Robson Street.
With a tiny advertising budget, most
people hear about the centre through
word of mouth, said program assistant
Margaret Wilson. So far, it's proved to
be an effective form of promotion.
Visitors from Japan, Germany, England and Australia have all stopped by
at one time or another.
What they are likely to see when
they first enter the centre are pictures
of playful kittens and warm sunrises
sharing office space with advertisements for community events, vocational files and brochures on support
groups and resources.
"The Women's Resources Centre
is a life planning centre whose mandate is to assist women and men in
identifying and setting career and personal goals," said Ruth Sigal, director
of the centre.
She added that it is also the centre's
role to help people develop a positive
action plan for the future, and to empower women, through educational
means, to be self-reliant.
Among the many services offered
ujjciicu uicuuurs vj uic wuhich a i\c- cauumicu u,mjv pcupic a y^<u ai its ™"""g u»v manj .?w,»*w.
Co-op program to give practical
experience to engineering students
A proposed cooperative work-study
program in civil engineering will encourage more students to pursue graduate studies and strengthen ties with
industry, the program head says.
Believed to be the only program of
its type at the graduate level in a Canadian engineering school, the Professional Partnership Program will allow
students to combine classes and research with practical experience, said
Civil Engineering Professor Denis
"The program will help students
avoid the. difficult choice between getting a job immediately after graduation,
or-going on to graduate studies, by
providing a palatable way to acquire
advanced knowledge without the risk
of divorcing themselves from the practical world," he said.
Currently, only 25 per cent of engineering students eligible for graduate
school can get financial support to
■ continue their studies. Without funding, few students are willing to forego
the salaries and experience they could
earn in the workplace.
The recession of the early 1980s
also left a big impression on engineering students.
"The conventional wisdom of new
graduates is: if you have a choice between a job and graduate studies, you
better take the job," said Russell.
He added that the new program will
also benefit employers by giving them
enthusiastic and well-qualified students
with access to the university's faculty
and laboratory resources.
"They might have a nagging little
problem they know they could solve if
they only had the time to do it. We'll
provide them with a bright, keen student to do the research. It's a win-
win situation for everybody," he
"The program involves some
matchmaking between employers' and
students' objectives, but we at the university are keen to facilitate the process," said Russell.
Industry needs better-trained engineers because of increasingly complicated technical problems, particularly
in the environmental field where there
is a whole new range of demands to be
The university will also benefit by
at the centre are personal development
programs including stress management, life planning, self-assertion, self-
esteem and a support group for women
experiencing changes in their personal
lives, careers or relationships.
A unique feature of the centre is its
career programs which have been designed to help both women and men
acquire the information and skills to
make choices in setting future personal
and career-related goals.
"We are here to help women help
themselves," said Wilson. "But we are
also expanding our programs to include men. They are not turned away
at the door. There is nothing like this
centre for men, and they need counselling, too. Right now we are able to
assist them mainly through workshops
and with vocational testing."
Another staple of the centre, since
its inception, has been its free, drop-in
counselling information and referral
"It's a comfortable and non-threatening setting where our clients receive
counselling, education and information," said Sigal. "They are treated with
respect and empowered to do their own
problem solving. They also know they
can come back any time and use our
resources as needed."
The centre has been virtually self-
sustaining through its programs from
the very beginning.
All programs and workshops are
run by a team of instructors and professional i nun 'll'ii I J Will m IT"
MHimetlSC staff at the centre who
are assisted by a roster of 60 volunteers. More than half a dozen volunteers are UBC graduate students who
also do their research and practicums
at the centre every year.
Maxine Woogman, who is pursuing a Masters degree in Adult Education, has been a volunteer at the centre
for the past 19 months. She said the
experience has given her a sense of
accomplishment and the feeling that
she has helped a wide variety of people
with common concerns.
"As long as I am in Vancouver, I
will continue to volunteer at the centre,"
said Woogman. "I think of it as home."
Apparently, so do thousands of
Service award instituted
for university employees
UBC has established a President's
Service Award for Excellence to recognize university employees for outstanding performance in their work.
Five special presidential medals
could be awarded annually to a select
number of recipients from all levels of
the university's staff and faculty. All
UBC employees and students will be
given the chance to nominate candidates for these awards.
The medals will complement a
number of specific research and teaching awards already in existence at
UBC. They are the Killam Research
Prize, Faculty Teaching Awards, The
Jacob Biely Research Prize, The Charles A. McDowell Award for Excellence in Research, the Alumni Prize
for Research in the Humanities and
the Alumni Prize for Research in the
Social Sciences.
keeping faculty in touch with current
practice in the field, Russell said.
Under the program, a graduating
student would work for a company for
the first summer at full salary and then
return to university for course work
during the following winter session,
from September to May. During this
time, students would be funded at about
$1,000 per month, the normal rate for
graduate students.
After the course work is done, the
student can pursue research, at full salary, on a project of direct interest to the
company either at the university or on
the job.


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