UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 30, 1974

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UBC's many-faceted library system, including the underground Sedgewick Library, pictured above, is proving to be a widely-used resource for
community specialists and faculty members and students from other institutions. See story on Pages Six and Seven.
Lack of Comment Found 'Surprising'
The chairman of the Committee on University
Governance said, following hearings on the UBC
campus last week, that one of the most surprising
things to come out of the hearings so far is an
apparent general acceptance of the concept of a
powerful Provincial Universities Council which he
said would seriously cut into the autonomy now
enjoyed by the universities.
Prof. Walter Young said that the Committee had
considered this proposal to be the most
far-reaching of ail in its working paper, because of
the wide, powers that the Council would have in
advising the government on atl matters pertaining
to university education.
"However, in the public reaction following the
initial publication of the working paper and in
briefs to the Committee, there has been very little
comment on the proposal and, instead, an
apparent general acceptance of such a Council as a
fait accompli," Prof. Young, former head of UBC's
Department of Political Science, who assumed the
same post at the University of Victoria last fall,
told UBCReports.
The Committee on University Governance was
established in September, 1973, by the provincial
government to study university government, with
particular reference to the relationship between
the universities and the provincial government and
to make recommendations to the Minister of
Education for appropriate changes in the
Universities Act. The Committee held its first
round of public hearings last week.
The only brief to dwell at any length on the
Council during the Committee's hearings on the
UBC campus Jan. 22 and 23 was the one
submitted by the UBC Faculty Association.
In its brief, the Faculty Association supported
the concept of a Universities Council but disagreed
with the proposal of the Committee^ that it be
made up of 11 lay persons, appointed by the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council, with University
presidents and representatives of the Department
of Education and community colleges as
non-voting members.
The  Association  called for the  inclusion of
Please turn to Page Eight
See SIX BRIEFS By UBC Reports Staff Writers
The thick black line on UBC's enrolment chart is
pointing upward again after dipping unexpectedly for
two years in a row.
And the forecast is that it will keep edgii.g up.
Enrolment for the 1973-74 Winter Session stood at
20,100* on Dec. 1, the date on which universities across
Canada count student noses for statistical purposes.
This was an increase of 934 students over the 19,166
recorded at Dec. 1, 1972.
Technically the increase amounts to 4.9 per cent, but
this may be a slight overstatement arising from an
internal reclassification of some students from
"extrasessional" — those who take regular credit courses
in late-afternoon or evening hours — to the normal
Winter Session category. Thus the 1972-73 and 1973-74
figures are not precisely comparable, although the
difference between them is small.
UBC reached its peak enrolment, to date, in the
winter of 1970-71, with a total daytime registration of
20,936. The University Senate, concerned about an
apparently unlimited demand for admission, had shortly
before voted to place a ceiling of 27,500 on the
University's growth.
But within two years enrolment had declined by
1,770. At UBC, as at many other universities, the flow
seemed to be drying up.
Across Canada thousands of high-school graduates
declined to go on directly into university; thousands of
university students broke off their study programs.
Where had all the students gone? No one knew for sure.
It is now becoming clear that many students had not
abandoned their education plans, but had merely taken
time out.
What is also emerging from an analysis of current
registration figures is an enrolment pattern that is
significantly different from that of a decade ago. In
short, students are increasing the length of time from
high school graduation to completion of their first
university degree.
This new pattern results from an analysis of
registration figures by officials in UBC's Office of
Academic Planning. This office, under the direction of
Dr. Robert M. Clark, works closely with the staff of
Registrar J.E.A. Parnall in the compilation and
interpretation of registration figures, and also prepares
forecasts of future enrolment.
Dr. William Tetlow, associate director of the
Academic Planning Office, identified for UBC Reports a
number of highlights that have resulted from an analysis
of UBC's current registration figures.
HIGHLIGHT NO. 1 - All of UBC's 1973-74
enrolment increase is accounted for at the undergraduate
level. Undergraduate enrolment is up from 16,520 last
year to 17,477 this year. Registration in the Faculty of
Graduate Studies is this year down by 23 students as
compared to 1972-73.
HIGHLIGHT NO. 2 - Almost three-quarters of
UBC's 1973-74 enrolment increase — 540 students out
of 934 — are re-entrants, i.e., students who were not
registered at UBC last year, but were enrolled at some
time in the past. The total number of re-entrants in the
University population this year is 1,838 as compared to
1,298 last year.
HIGHLIGHT   NO.   3   -  There  have  been   modest
increases in enrolment at the first- and third-year levels,
a reversal of the trend of the past two years. And at the
fifth-year level, there has been a significant increase of
574 students over 1972-73, the bulk of it in one-year,
* In addition to the daytime enrolment, a total of 1,973
students -are enrolled for evening credit and correspondence
courses offered by the Centre for Continuing Education, and
an additional 298 interns and residents, medical-school
graduates who are completing their training under UBC
auspices in B.C. hospitals, are also enrolled as students.
Dr. William Tetlow, associate director of
UBC's Office of Academic Planning, sees a
new pattern of student enrolment emerging
from current UBC registration figures.
Faculty of Education teacher certification programs
open to students who have completed a bachelor's
degree in another field. In fact, the Faculty of
Education, with an enrolment increase of 501 students,
accounts for more than 50 per cent of the overall
increase in UBC's enrolment this year.
(A word of explanation is necessary here about the
majority of fifth-year-level students in the Faculty of
Education. They are enrolled in Education for degree,
certificate and diploma programs. They are not graduate
students in the sense of being registered in the Faculty
of Graduate Studies for Master's and Ph.D. degree
Highlights 2 and 3 are important for a number of
reasons, Dr. Tetlow says.
First, an analysis of the enrolment increases indicates
that many students who did not come on to university
immediately after completing high school or who had
dropped out of University programs have decided to
return to higher education.
The stopout and re-entrant phenomenon is not
surprising. Dr. Tetlow says.
"Many students, after completing Grade XII, are
uncertain about their future careers. It's not surprising
that they should decide to take a year out, perhaps to
travel, perhaps to work and save money for their
By way of supporting evidence he cites a
province-wide surveyt of Grade XII students conducted
in the spring of 1973. Twenty per cent of the 19,553
students who responded to the survey questionnaire said
they definitely planned to continue their education after
working for one or more years. The possibility of travel
was not listed as a response option on the questionnaire.
Another 20 per cent of the respondents said they
might continue their education after working. Only 41
per   cent   definitely   planned   to  continue  within  the
Results of the survey are contained in Report No. 8 of a
continuing project entitled "The Impact of Community
Colleges," which is being carried out by Dr. John Dennison,
associate professor in UBC's Faculty of Education, and Mr.
Glen C. Forrester and Mr. Alex Tunner, of B.C. Research. The
report is published by B.C. Research and the project is
supported by a grant from the Donner Canadian Foundation.
coming year and 9 per cent said they might continue in
the coming year. The remaining 10 per cent did not
intend to continue their education.
"Some students," Dr. Tetlow says, "choose less direct
routes to the University. They enrol at community
colleges for one or more years of study and then come
on to UBC. The number of transfers from B.C.
community colleges to UBC has increased this year to
1,069 from 964 in 1972-3."
Another natural break in a student's career occurs at
the end of his second year at university, Dr. Tetlow says.
"In the Faculty of Arts, for instance, a student at the
end of his second year has completed the basis of a
general education and must make a decision about the
area in which he wishes to major or specialize. Many
decide to take a year out and sort out in their minds
what they want to do." Much the same applies in other
Dr. Tetlow believes there are other factors, in
addition to the re-entrant phenomenon, operative in the
Faculty of Education.
"For one thing, there's been a persistent rumor in
recent years of a shortage of jobs for teachers. This never
was the case and the rumor has been pretty well
scotched. Admittedly, there are a limited number of jobs
for teachers in urban centres, but the Education
graduate who is mobile and prepared to teach anywhere
can find a job. Furthermore, the provincial Department
of Education last year made available more money to
hire additional teachers.
"In addition, the Faculty of Education has been
restructuring a number of its programs in recent years
and has been making an effort to inform students in
other Faculties of the opportunities available."
One other factor is operative here, which brings Dr.
Tetlow to . . .
HIGHLIGHT NO. 4 - Throughout the University,
the programs which have shown enrolment increases,
even during the two years when overall registration was
declining, have been those that are profession- or
The masses of statistics that are Dr. Tetlow's
stock-in-trade bear out this highlight. Registration in the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration is
this year up 17 per cent over last year; the Faculty of
Forestry has added 209 graduate and undergraduate
students over the past two years; and most other
professional programs have shown gains in student
enrolment over the past two years.
The picture presented in both the Faculties of Arts
and Applied Science is a mixed one.
Overall enrolment this year for Bachelor of Arts
degree programs has declined by 75 students, but
1973-74 enrolment in first-year Arts has shown an
increase of 155 students over the previous year. All the
professional schools in Arts — Home Economics,
Librarianship and Social Work — exhibit enrolment
In Applied Science, overall registration for various
engineering programs has continued to decline.
Enrolment in the first year is up, however, from 224 to
246 students. Dr. Tetlow can't identify any single factor
that would account for the increase, and points to the
possibility that enrolment in this area has "stabilized."
Both of the professional schools within Applied
Science — Architecture and Nursing — show enrolment
increases this year over last. The School of Nursing has
attracted 152 students to a new and radically revised
bachelor's degree program which began operating this
A slightly different way of looking at undergraduate
professional-school enrolment is to compare this year's
registration with that in 1970-71, UBC's peak-enrolment
Enrolment in every area has shown an increase. The
l^mt^^ Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, for instance, has grown
from 210 to 285 undergraduate students in this period.
Forestry is up from 223 to 334; Pharmaceutical Sciences
from 226 to 340; Architecture from 139 to 168;
Medicine from 252 to 297; Librarianship from 88 to
Dr. Tetlow also identifies one1 other new factor in this
year's enrolment picture.
HIGHLIGHT NO. 5 - The number of students listed
as "unclassified" in the 1973-74 enrolment figures has
increased by 137 per cent to 332 from 140 in 1972-73.
Unclassified students are those who already have a
university degree and have decided to enter or return to
UBC — many on a part-time basis — to take courses in
areas that interest them.
It has been suggested that the upsurge in enrolment in
this area has been the result of recent moves by the
University to encourage part-time study and to remove
from the Calendar statements which seemed to
discourage it.
Dr. Tetlow also points out that an increasing number
of people over the age of 30 are enrolling at the
University. In 1971-72, 1,591 students were aged 30 or
over. In the current year, 1,902, or 9 per cent of the
enrolment, is in this same category.
As for the future, says Dr. Tetlow, UBC's enrolment
should continue to make gains.
Well, for one thing, the stopout rate, i.e., the
percentage of the enrolment in any particular year which
fails to register in the following year, is declining.
For instance, in 1971-72, after having completed
first-year, 21 per cent of the student pool that was
eligible to register the following year failed to show up.
Last year that percentage had declined to 19. The same
thing applies at all other undergraduate-year levels.
Stopout rates have declined by one to three percentage
"In addition," says Dr. Tetlow, "UBC is drawing on a
larger pool of potential students. The number of
students in the Grade XII pool is continuing to increase,
and I expect we will have larger numbers of students
transferring to UBC from community colleges and other
"Our own expanding internal base at the first- and
second-year levels will provide additional students for
the upper years and this will be enhanced by incoming
transfers." Another wrinkle which Dr. Tetlow sees
affecting enrolment is the increasing number of
"repeaters" in the upper years of degree programs.
"These are not students who have failed," says Dr.
Tetlow, "but those who take less than a full course load
in, say, third year and can't qualify for fourth-year
status without additional study."
The number of repeaters at the third-year level
increased to 126 this year from 70 in 1972-73. At the
fourth-year level the number increased to 231 from 206.
Dr. Tetlow emphasizes, however, that the
phenomenon of the student who stops out of his studies
will continue to be the major factor affecting UBC
"The two factors — the stopouts and the repeaters —
are working together to create an entirely different
enrolment pattern from a decade ago, when students
went straight through the high school system and
immediately entered university, where they completed
their degree in four or five uninterrupted years.
"What the two factors boil down to is a lengthening
of the time period taken from high school graduation to
completion of a University degree program. As the
University increases the flexibility of its regulations, I
expect to see more and more of this pattern.
"And for many students this can be beneficial
because it serves to sharpen their personal goals and
increase their motivation."
University of British Columbia
Gross Student Enrolment
Academic Year 1972-73
Describing UBC's annual enrolment in terms of Winter Session students only can be deceptive,
as a glance at the table below will show. UBC also provides credit courses for students during
its annual May-July Intersession and during the Summer Session. In addition, thousands of
people throughout the province enrol annually for short- and long-term credit and non-credit
programs offered through the Centre for Continuing Education, the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, the Division of Continuing Education in the Health Sciences and
UBC's Indian Education and Resource Centre. When the students in all categories are added up
for the 1972-73 academic year, the total comes to more than 66,500. Details of various
programs are shown below.
CENTRE   FOR   CONTINUING   EDUCATION   (Overall   enrolment  up  20  per cent over
previous year)
CREDIT COURSES, including evening credit courses given during the 1972-73 Winter
Session, courses given during the 13-week 1973 Intersession from May to July, and
courses given in the field, either in B.C. or abroad      2,981
CREDIT COURSES given by correspondence         486
CREDIT COURSES given for certificate or other purposes  173
NON-CREDIT COURSES given by correspondence     122
various UBC Faculties:
Adult Education — Courses for working professionals, given in co-operation with
the Adult Education Research Centre of the Faculty of Education         835
Resource Industries — Includes courses and special lectures in fisheries, forestry
and agriculture       1,934
Community Planning and Architecture — Includes courses for community and
regional planners and a continuing education program for architects         378
Education Extension — Conferences, technical courses and seminars for
professional   educators.   Two  certificate  programs  are  also  offered   in   early
childhood education and vocational instruction      3,461
Continuing   Education  for   Engineers  —   Engineering  administration  diploma
courses and technical courses given in Vancouver and other B.C. locations        1,268
Continuing Legal Education — 29 courses, many of an interprofessional nature,
held in Vancouver and other B.C. centres      1,298
Social Work,  Human  Relations and Aging — Courses for professional  social
workers and continuation of a project on housing for older people         613
Interprofessional — Short courses for professionals sponsored by co-operating
divisions in the Centre     181
Creative   Arts  and  Science  —  A  wide  variety  of  courses   in  such   areas  as
photography, literature and the arts      2,092
Daytime   Program   —   Courses   and   special   lectures,   most  of  them   held   in
off-campus locations         2,213
Humanities and Life Sciences — Courses and other activities in a variety of fields,
including current affairs and creative writing      3,833
Languages — Three intensive residential language programs, two in English and
one in French         451
Public Affairs — Courses in international and national affairs, with increased
emphasis on topics of provincial and local concern         1,895
Social Sciences — Courses in archaeology involving field trips; courses linked to
educational travel programs; and several programs designed for community
groups, including the B.C. Association of Non-Status Indians and the Children's
Aid Society         1,383
Study-Travel — Four non-credit and five credit study-travel programs in various
parts of the world  81
Urban   Affairs   —  Workshops and  other events for elected  local  government
officials and citizens      1,250
The IERC has been developing resource materials, including reports, articles, journals,
lesson aids and tapes on Indian culture for use in B.C. schools. Two-thirds of this
material is out on loan to schools in any one week. In 1972-73 the IERC organized
teacher workshops designed to prepare teachers for Indian education  4,000
Diploma Division, Accounting Management — Division operates programs in
professional fields. Diplomas are awarded in the following areas after an average of
three to four years of study: Certified General Accountant, Chartered Accountant,
Registered Industrial Accountant, Junior Chamber of Commerce Diploma, Sales and
Marketing Diploma, Institute of Canadian Bankers Diploma. There is also a
management  studies   program   for  insurance  personnel.  Courses consist of evening
lectures and one correspondence course for the Chartered Accountant program      4,461
Real Estate Program — Offered are a four-year diploma course involving four options,
pre-licensing programs for real  estate salesmen and agents and a real estate short
course. Total registration in all programs      3,531
Executive Development — A series of seminars and workshops designed to enable
businessmen to keep abreast of new developments in the fields of financial
management, organizational behavior and systems analysis      1,109
Courses were given on campus and at various centres throughout B.C.
Interprofessional — Seven courses for a mixture of health professionals    219
Dentistry — 29 courses for dentists, dental assistants, and dental technicians    666
Human Nutrition — one course for nutritionists     42
Medicine — 64 courses for physicians and medical students  1,486
Nursing — 22 courses for nurses  983
Rehabilitation Medicine — Five courses for occupational therapists and physiotherapists 149
Pharmacy — 9 courses for pharmacists  204
UBC Reports/Jan, 3Q..19J4/3 MEDICAL
Health science students at the University of B.C.
receive much of their practical training in downtown
general hospitals, "service" hospitals physically designed
to provide patient care only and not to act as a
classroom for teaching students. Ever since UBC's
Faculty of Medicine wcs established in 1950, the
University has asked that a teaching hospital, which
would also serve as a tertiary referral hospital offering
super-specialized care for the entire province, be built at
In July, 1973, provincial Health Minister Dennis
Cocke announced that a massive teaching and tertiary
referral hospital will be built on the site of the federal
Shaughnessy Hospital at Oak and 30th in Vancouver.
Known as the B.C. Medical Centre, the hospital will be
run by a board of directors which will have jurisdiction
over many aspects of the practical teaching of health
professionals in B.C. The following article by Dr. David
Bates, Dean of UBC's Faculty of Medicine and a member
of the B.C. Medical Centre's board of directors, explains
some of the implications of the new centre for the
■^v^v ;v»!»< V'J^
Dean, Faculty of Medicine, UBC
On Nov. 7, 1973, the Act establishing the British
Columbia Medical Centre became law. The Corporation
so founded has been given wide powers to develop and
integrate medical services and teaching facilities in
Vancouver to serve the Province as a whole, and charged
to develop new resources for these purposes on the site
of Shaughnessy Hospital. Future expansion and
development of specialized resources will be generally
subject to the jurisdiction of the Board. What will be the
effect of these far-reaching proposals on the Faculty of
Medicine at UBC? A balanced answer to this important
question is not possible without some preliminary
"ground clearing."
The organization of clinical teaching within Faculties
of Medicine always presents major problems, largely
stemming from two important and interrelated factors.
Firstly, the medical student learns his clinical skills in
surgery, medicine, obstetrics, psychiatry, etc. in an
environment where real-life problems are being grappled
with. There are no actors in bed in hospitals; no
simulated depressed patients; and no quasi-clinical
decisions. Therefore, the clinical student spends two and
a half years in amongst all kinds of real problems,
learning to accept increasing responsibilities in relation
to them. As a consequence, clinical medicine has to be
taught within, and amongst, and as an integral part of,
service delivery of medicine.
Secondly, these requirements necessitate complex and
varied financial arrangements, which broadly are
designed to ensure that the Faculty budget is primarily
aimed at financing the teaching function on the one
hand,,and that the very considerable service components
of faculty members' work is reimbursed from the Health
Services budget by one means or another. It is very
understandable that the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine
at Harvard, writing in a recent issue of the Scientific-
American, described the interdigitation of the academic
and service aspects of clinical work as the major
organizational problem confronting medical schools.
It is not surprising that a number of different models
have arisen linking university Faculties of Medicine with
teaching hospitals. At one end of this spectrum, the
university may own and completely operate a hospital
facility - a pattern broadly applying to Stanford
University, the Health Sciences Centre Hospital at
McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont., and the several
hospitals of the University of Pennsylvania. In the
middle of the spectrum, the university does not own and
operate the hospital, but has major representation by
right on the board of trustees, and the heads of clinical
departments are all part of and subject to the university
clinical Faculty organization with appointment
committees jointly structured. These arrangements, with
some individual variation, exist in Toronto, at McGill,
and at the Massachusetts General Hospital in relation to
Harvard, for example. Finally, the hospital may think of
itself as basically quite independent of the university,
which however is permitted to teach within it subject to
certain defined conditions. There may be no university
representation on the hospital board, or this may be so
slight that it is no more than a token.
There are reasons to believe that the middle-spectrum
arrangements have, in general, been found to be the
most satisfactory. Full ownership and operation of the
clinical facility exclusively by the university carries the
double hazard of involving the Faculty directly in
complex medical-political  problems having little to do
Shaughnessy Hospital, at
Oak and 30th in
Vancouver, will be the
site of the new B.C.
Medical Centre, a massive
teaching and tertiary-
referral hospital.
with teaching and research, and also in leading to very
large Faculty of Medicine budgets which are subsidizing
the service operation. The other end of the spectrum is
equally unsatisfactory, and when the university has
virtually no input into the hospital, or the hospital
identifies its role as a service one with some coincidental
teaching, one does not find an optimal setting for
first-class clinical teaching, and only rarely is the clinical
work distinguished if the strictest criteria to judge it are
How well will the new legislation in this province
permit UBC and the Board of the B.C. Medical Centre to
develop a service and teaching milieu of the highest
class? If the legislation is regarded from a defensive
standpoint, it has to be said that the prime needs of the
UBC Faculty of Medicine are not specifically defended
within it. There is no guarantee of University
representation on the Board, there is no obligation
concerning the representation of Deans and Directors of
Schools on the Education Committee, and the charge
directly on the Corporation in respect of the
responsibility it exerts for the clinical side of the
University programs is not defined in detail. The lack of
such provisions is perhaps less serious than it might
appear at first sight, since even if some of them had been
built into the legislation, the goals of the Faculty of
Medicine could almost certainly not be achieved unless
the climate of thinking within the Board was favorable
to teaching and research.
Apart from that reservation, however, the legislation
has unquestionably provided a monumental opportunity
to transform the clinical teaching and research
environment. For the first time, the faculty should be
provided with good teaching space on wards, excellent
seminar rooms, a first-class library in the clinical
environment, and academic and research space bringing
the UBC clinical Faculty, for the first time, to a position
comparable to other Faculties of Medicine in Canada. If
the good intent of the Board in relation to the
indivisibility of service and teaching within the
consortium is assumed, what are the major problems
that have to be solved if, six years from now, the
necessary revolution in clinical work and teaching
potential is to be achieved?
At this point in time, one cannot be sure of
identifying those problems, still less of putting them
correctly in some kind of order of difficulty or priority.
However, assuming that the bricks and mortar are
arranged in appropriate (and even distinguished) ways, it
seems to me that we are unlikely to achieve our goals
unless we have found solutions to the following
• Can new administrative arrangements be devised
which, unlike those that are traditional in hospitals,
encourage close working relationships between all health
• How can we mitigate the ill effects of geographic
separation of clinical and basic science departments?
• How should we organize ambulatory care and
consultation work so that teaching at all levels can occur
within what may be a private practice/academic milieu
of a new kind?
• How shall we ensure that all areas of operation
under the aegis of B.C. Medical Centre are able to
develop to be of the highest quality?
• Can we expand the clinical Faculty budget and
thus, the size of the medical school, and introduce new
mechanisms to mesh together the teaching and service
No piece of legislation ever ensures or guarantees
answers to these kinds of questions. In the final analysis,
everything depends on whether quite a large number of
people have the wisdom to step forward from a past in
which the necessary interrelationships were very poorly
understood and, as a consequence, all aspects of clinical
work — and not just the academic components — were
very seriously disadvantaged. Within the legislation,
there is no reason why, with real dedication to the
academic and service objectives of the new B.C. Medical
Centre complex, the province and the University should
not have a new resource which will be the envy of other
regions and medical schools in Canada and abroad.
This is the challenge and opportunity toward which
the Faculty must devote unremitting energy over the
course of the next few years if we are to be successful. Government Calls on UBC Experts
The provincial government is continuing to call on
the services of UBC teachers and researchers to head
up   or   take   part   in   task   forces,   commissions  and
boards of inquiry.
Prof. Peter Pearse, a member of the Department of
Economics who is currently on a year's leave of
absence, has been named head of a three-man task
force to review B.C. forest policy by the Hon. Robert
Williams, Minister of Lands, Forests and Water
The task force will investigate broad questions of
provincial forest management, arrangements for
timber allocation and payments for tree cuts.
Dr. Alan Chambers, assistant professor in the
Faculty of Forestry, is the author of a massive report
called the "Purcell Range Study," which deals with
resource management in the Kootenay area.
Dr. Sidney Segal, an assistant professor in the
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, is a
member of the Family and Children's Law
Commission appointed by the provincial government
to review family and children's law throughout the
province and to develop a new and unified court. Dr.
Segal was also recently named to the committee on
drugs of the American Academy of Pediatrics. The
committee is primarily responsible for the problem of
drug usage in children.
Dr. Eric Broom, assistant professor in the School
of Physical Education and Recreation, has been
appointed special consultant to the Provincial
Secretary and Minister of Travel Industry to conduct
a study and an evaluation of all available services for
recreation, physical fitness and amateur sports. Dr.
Broom will make recommendations on policies and
procedures designed to provide services essential for
the enrichment of leisure for B.C. citizens.
Dr. Broom is also a member of the provincial
Advisory Committee of the Community Recreation
Facilities Fund and an Interprovincial Steering
Committee on Sport and Recreation. The former
committee advises on policy and the award of grants
from a $10 million fund established in April, 1973,
while the latter has been struck to report on
opportunities for co-operation in recreation, sport
programs, facilities and research in B.C., Alberta and
Mr. William W. Black, assistant professor in the
Faculty of Law, is one of five persons appointed to
the provincial Human Rights Commission, established
under the terms of the Human Rights Code of B.C.
passed at the fall, 1973, session of the Legislature.
Dr. Donald H. Williams, advisor to the
Coordinator of Health Sciences at UBC, is the
director of a seven-man task force which will set up a
cancer control agency for the province. The task
force, under the Department of Health Services and
Hospital Insurance, will organize and administer a
comprehensive, co-ordinated, province-wide cancer
control program.
A three-man provincial commission of inquiry into
the use of pesticides is entirely made up of UBC
experts. Chairman of the commission is Dr. Cortland
Mackenzie, head of UBC's Department of Health Care
and Epidemiology, who was recently named to the
provincial Pollution Control Board. Other members
of the pesticides commission are Dr. William K.
Oldham, assistant professor of Civil Engineering, and
Prof. William Powrie, head of the Departments of
Food Science and Agricultural Engineering in the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.
Dean Ian McT. Cowan, head of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, is the chairman of a provincial
Department of Education committee which has been
studying the needs of post-secondary education in the
Kootenay area. Another member of the committee is
Dr. Geoffrey C. Andrew, a former deputy president
of UBC.
Dr. John V. Gilbert, head of the Division of
Audiology and Speech Sciences, chaired a committee
to study services available to persons with speech,
hearing and language problems as part of the
recently-released report on health services in B.C.
prepared by Dr. Richard Foulkes.
Prof. Vernon C. "Bert" Brink, of the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, is one of four members of the
B.C. Land Commission, which is empowered, under
provincial legislation, to designate agricultural land
Two UBC professors were members of a provincial
Department of Labor task force which advised on
new labor legislation, passed at the fall, 1973, session
of the Legislature, and which is designed to improve
relations between trade unions and employers. The
two UBC members of the task force were Prof. Noel
Hall, director of UBC's Institute of Industrial
Relations, and Mr. James Matkin, assistant professor
of Law. Mr. Matkin was named deputy minister of
labor in the provincial government in the fall of last
Prof. Andrew Thompson, of the Faculty of Law, is
on leave of absence to serve as chairman of the B.C.
Energy Commission, which is overseeing the
management and control of provincial energy
ir     ir     ir
Miss Margaret Street will be awarded the Walter
Stewart Baird gold medal for outstanding work in
1973 in the history of the health sciences. Miss
Street, professor emerita in UBC's School of Nursing,
wrote a recently-published biography of the first
director of UBC's School of Nursing, the oldest in the
Commonwealth. The title of the book is Watch-fires
on the Mountains: The Life and Writings of Ethel
it     is     ir
Mr. Lionel Pugh, associate professor in UBC's
School of Physical Education and Recreation, was
recently named one of Canada's three athletic
coaches of the year by a committee of national sports
writers and sportsmen. The awards are sponsored by
Air Canada.
Mr. Pugh was recognized for his track and field
coaching activities. In addition to teaching and
coaching track and field at UBC Mr. Pugh served as
the national coach to Canada's team at the Olympic
Games in Munich in 1972.
Forestry Dean
To Speak
Dr. Andre Lafond, Dean of the Faculty of
Forestry and Surveying at Laval University in
Quebec City, will give this year's H.R. MacMillan
Lecture at 11:30 a.m. on Feb. 27 in Room 104 of
the Henry Angus Building.
Dean Lafond will speak on "Forests and
Forestry in Quebec."
He has 86 scientific papers to his credit on
subjects ranging from plant morphology to forest
management. His work has been concerned with
ecological classification of forests and their
application to forest management. Tree nutrition,
plant hydrophonics and forest fertilization have
been his research areas in tree physiology.
Dean Lafond was born in Montreal in 1920 and
took his B.A. from the University of Montreal in
1942, his B.Sc. App. (forestry engineering) from
Laval four years later and his Ph.D. in 1951 from
the University of Wisconsin.
Dr. Colin Smith, director of International House
on the campus, and his wife, Gloria, have achieved
the unusual distinction of being awarded Doctor of
Philosophy degrees in the same subject from the same
university on the same day. They received their
degrees from the Michigan State University on Dec. 1,
1973. Both majored in comparative and international
ir     ii     it
Mrs. Marian E. Penney, Professor Emerita in the
School of Physical Education, is the first Canadian to
receive an honorary membership in the Western
Society for the Physical Education of College
Women. She is a past-president of the Society.
A member of the faculty of the University for 27
years, Prof. Penney is an acknowledged leader in
Canada in the field of physical education for women.
She retired from the UBC faculty in June, 1973.
ir     ir     ir
Prof. Sam Black of the Faculty of Education, a
well-known Canadian painter, has been elected third
vice-president of the International Society for
Education through Art, an international organization
associated with UNESCO.
ir     ir     ir
Dr. H. Clyde Slade, director of the Division of
Family Practice in UBC's Faculty of Medicine, was
one of four Canadian physicians who were recently
granted honorary membership in the College of
Family Physicians of Canada. Dr. Slade was cited by
the College for his service to many medical and health
organizations and for being "largely responsible for
the development of residency training in family
medicine at UBC."
ir      ir      ir
Prof. Abraham Rogatnick, of UBC's School of
Architecture, is the author of a report outlining plans
for construction of a new $35 million National
Gallery of art in Ottawa. The schedule for
construction of the new gallery calls for the
appointment of architects this year and a start on
construction in the fall of 1975.
ir ir ir
Prof. Charles McDowell, the head of UBC's
Chemistry Department, has accepted a short-term
appointment as Distinguished Visiting Professor to
the University of Florida at Gainesville. Prof.
McDowell will take up the appointment for a
six-week period in April and May.
ir     ir     ir
Friends and colleagues of the late Mrs. Alice V.
Borden have contributed more than $5,000 for the
establishment of a memorial fund to provide an
annual $250 award to a student in the Faculty of
Education whose chief interest is in the field of early
childhood education.
Mrs. Borden, who was an expert in the field of
early childhood education, was an assistant professor
in the UBC Faculty of Education until her death in
1971. Gifts to the fund, which is still open for
contributions, should be sent to The Bursar,
University of B.C., 2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver,
B.C. V6T 1W5. Cheques should be made payable to
the "Alice V. Borden Memorial Fund."
ir     ii-     ir
Dr. Harold Copp, discoverer of the bone hormone
calcitonin, is harvesting another crop of awards. He
received the Steindler Award of the Orthopedic
Research Society at its annual meeting Jan. 17 in
Dallas, Texas. On Jan. 24 he received an Honorary
Fellowship in the Royal College of Physicians and
Surgeons of Canada at its annual meeting in Montreal.
Both honors are in recognition of his work on
calcium metabolism, including his discovery of
calcitonin, which regulates the levels of calcium in the
bones and the blood. Calcitonin is the most powerful
protein known and promises to be an important tool
in treating bone diseases and other ailments.
Dr. Copp, head of UBC's Department of
Physiology, will attend an international symposium
on calcium metabolism in Madrid on Feb. 7 and 8. SPECIALISTS GET HELP FROM CAM!
By Jim Banham
Editor, UBC Reports
The Lower Mainland doctor who wants immediate,
up-to-date information on treatment of mushroom
The Vancouver writer-critic who needs a recording of
Greek folk songs for a program he's preparing for the
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation;
The faculty member at an Eastern Canadian
university who needs books on social aspects of
blindness for a course he's teaching;
The Vancouver consulting engineer who needs
information on a technical subject for a project he's
working on.
All these people have one thing in common.
Their needs were met by various divisions of the
University of B.C. Library system.
The Library, in addition to meeting the daily needs of
some 25,000 students and faculty and staff members, is
proving to be an increasingly important resource for
thousands of professionals and non-UBC students locally
and in other parts of the world and for the general
public in the Lower Mainland.
Mr. Doug Mclnnes, an assistant librarian and
co-ordinator of the UBC Library system's public
services, says the use of the UBC system has been
increasing rapidly in recent years and reflects its growth
to a point where it is the largest research library in
Western Canada and the second largest academic library
in Canada.
The foundation on which most of UBC's external use
is built is its Interlibrary Loan Service, which in the last
academic year handled more than 20,000 requests from
all over the world.
The material requested through the service is of two
kinds — books from specialized collections which are not
available elsewhere and copies of articles in the
thousands of journals that UBC subscribes to.
UBC makes no charge to a borrower who obtains a
book through the loan service and most borrowing
libraries even absorb the cost of copying journal articles
unless costs are unusually high.
About 75 per cent of the material requested through
the Interlibrary Loan Service goes to libraries in Western
Canada and the five northwestern states of the United
Working independently within the UBC Library on a
full-time basis are three members of the Library staff
from Simon Fraser University. Requests from faculty
members and students at SFU go directly to their own
staff in residence at UBC and the requested material is
Asistant Librarian Doug Mclnnes co-ordinates
the many public services available through the
UBC Library system.
sent to the Burnaby Mountain campus daily by truck.
•The Interlibrary Loan Service works on a quid pro
quo basis. Any book or journal article can be requested
from Canadian or foreign libraries. Last year UBC sent
off 10,000 requests to other sources for material needed
by subscribers.
The   Interlibrary   Loan   Service  reaches  into  almost
every corner of the Library system to meet requests.
Among the heaviest users are professionals, such as
engineers, who require books and journal articles with
up-to-date information on technical problems. Some
large engineering firms in the Vancouver area now
maintain libraries of their own and employ trained
librarians who use the UBC system as an information
source for engineers employed by their company.
UBC's Crane Memorial Library for the blind, in Brock
Hall, is now a major source of books in Canada on the
methodology of teaching the blind and social aspects of
blindness. In addition, the Crane Library has recorded,
on cassettes or reel-to-reel tape, 5,000 titles ranging from
basic textbooks to best-selling novels. All this material —
books and tapes — is available through the Interlibrary
Loan Service or by direct borrowing. Last year the Crane
Library distributed tapes and books to users locally and
elsewhere in response to more than 20,000 requests.
Computer technology is also coming to the aid of
community professionals and local university teachers
and researchers.
In UBC's Woodward Biomedical Library, Mrs. Diana
Kent presides over a computer terminal which links her
by long-distance telphone lines to MEDLINE, a data
base located in a computer at the U.S. National Library
at Bethesda, Maryland. The MEDLINE data base is
programmed with more than 470,000 indexed citations
from the 1,200 most significant foreign and
English-language biomedical journals.
Thus, within minutes, a Lower Mainland doctor who
was baffled by an unusual case of mushroom poisoning
was able to obtain through MEDLINE all the latest
journal citations in order to treat the case. The
MEDLINE service provides the title of journal articles
and the names of authors as well as the date, page
numbers and name of the journal the article appeared in.
The journals themselves are available in the library of the
College of Physicians and Surgeons in Vancouver or in
UBC's Woodward Library.
Dr. Roy Makepeace, a former UBC faculty member
who is now associate director of medical services for
B.C. Hydro, describes MEDLINE as "a godsend for
anyone in occupational medicine."
The problem that faces Dr. Makepeace and other
practising health professionals, of course, is the glut of
journals, books and other material which is issued daily
and which no one person can possibly keep up with.
"When I get a query from a safety officer, say, he
often needs information quickly," says Dr. Makepeace.
"One called recently to ask for the latest information on
the use of oxygen therapy for treatment of gas gangrene
as the result of burns MEDLINE was able to screen all
the worthwhile literature and references right away."
He also cited a recent case where MEDLINE was used >US LIBRARY
as a preventative device in the area of industrial
accidents. "One of our transportation chiefs called to
say he understood there were an increasing number of
commercial vehicle accidents among drivers wearing
platform-sole shoes. We asked for a literature search
through MEDLINE to determine whether this was true
and to take steps to nip in the bud the wearing of this
kind of shoe by our drivers."
The MEDLINE search service is supported by a
generous grant from Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward's
Even UBC's collection of 25,000 records, housed in
the Wilson Listening Room of the Sedgewick Library, is
a widely-used community resource. More than 250
off-campus borrowers come to the collection regularly
for records and it's even used by specialists who are
preparing material for broadcasting on radio and TV.
One intensive user of UBC's record and book
collection is Mr. Peter Haworth, a Vancouver writer and
music critic.
"No other local resource, including the CBC, has as
many new record issues as the Wilson collection," says
Mr. Haworth, who draws on the new records for a music
series he does regularly on the CBC.
Recently he needed a recording of Greek folk songs
for a program he was preparing. The CBC's record
library didn't have anything suitable, but the Wilson
collection did.
More recently he's been a frequent visitor to the
Special Collections Division of the Library to examine
copies of a long, 19th-century play called Saul, written
by Canadian author Charles Heavysedge. Mr. Haworth
has adapted the play for CBC radio and the production
will be broadcast in February.
Mr. Haworth is one of 865 persons who this year paid
$15 each to obtain an extramural reading card that
entitles them to use UBC's book and journal collections
for professional purposes or for casual reading. Not a
bad bargain when you consider that Harvard University
and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology charge
extramural readers an annual fee of between $400 and
A recent survey conducted on a Sunday in the
Sedgewick Library serves to illustrate that UBC Library
resources are also used on a casual and continuing basis
by many students registered at other institutions. More
than 20 per cent of the 1,478 users of the Sedgewick
Library on that particular Sunday were either students
at another Lower Mainland institution or non-students.
Nearly 60 per cent of the non-UBC students said they
came to the Sedgewick Library most weekends to study
and use collections in the book stacks and the Wilson
Listening Room. And the bulk of them used Sedgewick
because they could find the books they needed there or
because they liked the Library's environment.
Mr. Mclnnes emphasizes, however, that UBC's book
collection is not really adapted for use by the casual
reader who is seeking entertainment. "The UBC
collection is primarily for the use of students, faculty
members and individuals in the community who need
books and journals for study ancl research.
"The public libraries throughout the province have
collections for the individual who reads for
entertainment. Still, the public libraries are often
inadequate even for those need:.. Last year we filled 400
requests for books from public libraries through the
Interlibrary Loan Service."
Miss Margaret Friesen, who runs the interlibrary
service with a staff of seven, is constantly looking for
new ways of improving the service and to make it more
useful to students and scholars.
Two years ago she wrote off to the University of
Peking Library in the People's Republic of China in the
hope that they would respond to a request for material
not available in North America.
She still hasn't heard from Peking, but she's hopeful
that the establishment of diplomatic relations between
Canada and China will eventually result in a new
resource being available to Canadian students and
$50,000 Gift Honors
Dr. Harold S. Foley
An anonymous donor has given $50,000 to the
University of British Columbia in honor of Dr. Harold
S. Foley, well-known B.C. businessman.
The gift will be received by the University at the
rate of $10,000 a year over the next five years and
will be used to support the publishing program of the
University of B.C. Press.
The announcement of the gift was made jointly by
UBC's President, Dr. Walter H. Gage, and Mr. Justice
Nathan T. Nemetz, UBC's Chancellor.
President Gage and Chancellor Nemetz said the gift
was appropriate in the light of Mr. Foley's past
association with UBC and his involvement in
community activities.
"Dr. Foley was not only a generous contributor to
the UBC Development Fund in the 1950s," President
Gage said, "but he also served as a member of the
executive committee of the fund. He has also made
contributions for research in the Faculty of
Chancellor Nemetz said Dr. Foley's involvement
with University activities was only one aspect of his
active work in the community on behalf of a number
of organizations, including the Vancouver United
Appeal, the B.C. Cancer Foundation and the
Canadian Red Cross.
Dr. Foley also raised funds for the establishment
of St. Mark's College, one of three affiliated
theological colleges located on the UBC campus.
Mr. A.N. Blicq, executive director of the UBC
Press, said the gift honoring Dr. Foley would provide
financial support for ten new books over the next five
years. The gift will be used to support major books of
special value, he said.
Dr. Foley, who received an honorary degree from
UBC in 1957, has been a member of the B.C. business
community since the 1930s. He was associated with
the former Powell River Co., a major pulp and paper
firm,   as   executive   vice-president,    president   and
chairman of the Board of Directors.
When  the  Powell   River  Company   merged  with
MacMillan and Bloedel Ltd., Dr. Foley served as
vice-chairman of the Board of Directors of the new
company in 1960 and 1961.
In 1958 Dr. Foley received the Human Relations
Award of the Canadian Council of Christians and
Dr. Foley is currently a member of the Board of
Governors of Notre Dame University in Indiana, the
university he graduated from in 1921.
Minister Announces
Better Bus Service
Additional improvements in bus service to the
UBC campus have been announced by B.C. Hydro.
Beginning Friday (Feb. 1) three trips will be added
to Route 46 — UBC Via Marine — during the
'mid-morning to provide a minimum half-hourly
service throughout the day. In the morning peak, one
trip will originate from the Joyce Road loop to
accommodate students from the eastern part of
Vancouver and South Burnaby.
Some adjustments will also be made in departure
times on Route 46, both morning and afternoon, to
improve the choice of travel times and times of arrival
on campus.
A new two-way bus service will also start on Friday
between the north end of the campus and Tenth and
Alma.   Buses  will   travel   via   Chancellor   Boulevard,
Blanca, and Tenth Avenue to Alma. The route will
then continue down Alma to Fourth Avenue and
Marine Drive to serve the Spanish Banks area. Service
will be hourly, Monday through Friday, and
schedules will accommodate the start and finish of all
classes from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
The changes were announced by the Hon. James
G. Lorimer, Minister of Municipal Affairs, as part of
the provincial government's plan to improve public
transit services throughout the Lower Mainland.
Also under study is a proposal contained in a 1971
transit report of the Greater Vancouver Regional
District for an extension of trolleybus electrification
along University Boulevard to the campus. No date
has been set for the electrification project to start,
Mr. Lorimer said.
Keep Cards Rolling In
Urges Registrar
Officials in the UBC Registrar's Office have urged
graduating students to keep those "Application for
Graduation" cards rolling in.
Every student who expects to graduate in the
spring of this year is required to complete an
application card for his or her degree. The cards are
used to compile a list of candidates for degrees which
is submitted to each of UBC's 12 Faculties and the
Senate for approval.
Cards have been mailed to all fourth-year students
in the following areas: Arts, including Fine Arts and
Music; Commerce; Science; and Elementary
Education. Fifth-year students in the Secondary
Education program have also received the cards by
mail. Any student in these programs who hasn't
received a card by mail should check with the
Registrar's Office (Local 2844) to ensure that his or
her local mailing address is correct.
Studerfts in the graduating year of all other
Faculties can obtain Application for Graduation cards
from their Faculty offices. Students in Graduate
Studies should apply to their graduate advisors for
cards. Committee
UBC's Traffic and Parking Committee has
accepted a proposal for an increase in annual campus
parking fees, effective Sept. 1, 1974.
However, the committee has deferred action on
the proposal for a month to allow members of the
University community to express their views on the
proposed increases.
The proposal to increase parking fees was made to
the Study-Faculty Advisory Committee on Traffic
and Parking by Mr. Hugh Kelly, superintendent of
UBC's Traffic and Security Department, which is
responsible for campus traffic control and assistance
and building security.
Mr. Kelly told the committee, which is chaired by
Mr. John F. McLean, director of Personnel, Labor
Relations and Ancillary Services at UBC, that the
proposed increases were necessary to meet an
anticipated deficit of more than $71,000 in the
operating budget of his department in the coming
1974-75 fiscal year, which begins on April 1.
The proposed new parking fees are as follows, with
existing rates in brackets:
Faculty and staff - $30 ($22.50); students
parking in preferred lots on central campus — $20
($15); students parking in regular lots — $6 ($5);
reserved parking under Music Building — $133
($100). Viewed on an overall basis the increase
amounts to 28.8 per cent.
The proposed increases were approved
unanimously by the 15-member committee, which
includes representatives of the faculty and employed
staff and five students.
Mr. McLean said the committee agreed to
postpone for one month recommending the increases
to UBC's Administration and the Board of Governors
for consideration, to enable faculty, staff and
students to express their views on the increases and to
make suggestions for improving campus traffic and
parking problems.
Anyone wishing to comment on the proposed
increases or make suggestions should write to Mr.
McLean, whose office is in the Main Mall North
Administration Building.
Mr. Kelly told the committee that the anticipated
deficit for 1974-75 resulted from the need to replace
one truck operated by the Traffic and Security
Department, and increased operating costs, including
wages and supplies.
He told the committee that the last increase in
campus parking fees occurred in 1969. The increases
at that time did not apply to the $5 fee paid by
students to park on the campus or to the fee charged
for parking under the Music Building.
Mr. Kelly said he expected the proposed increases
in 1974 would provide sufficient revenue for a period
of two years.
Mr. McLean said the committee had also agreed
that, in future, proposals for increases in parking fees
would be brought before the committee several
months in advance of their possible implementation
to allow the committee more time to study them.
Expert on China
To Visit Campus
Prof. Paul T.K. Lin, chairman of the Department
of East Asian Languages and Literature at McGill
University and a leading Canadian authority on the
People's Republic of China, will visit the University
of B.C. campus on Feb. 12 as a Cecil H. and Ida
Green Lecturer.
He will speak'on the topic: "China - Its Strategy
for Development," in the Hebb Theatre at 12:30 p.m.
Canadian-born Prof. Lin, who lived and worked in
China from 1949 to 1964, is currently on study leave
from McGill at the Centre for Democratic Studies at
the University of California at Los Angeles. He will
also spend part of the year in China.
Prof. Lin is a former UBC student and a graduate
of Harvard University. He taught briefly at UBC
before joining the staff of McGill.
Committee on University Governance held two days
of hearings at UBC on Jan. 22 and 23. Listening to
brief being presented are, left to right, Miss Bonnie
Long, a UBC student; Prof. Walter Young, Committee
chairman   and   head   of   the   Political   Science
Department at the University of Victoria; Dr. Eileen
Herridge, of Vancouver City College; Prof. William
Armstrong, deputy president of UBC; and Dr. Kenji
Okuda, of Simon Fraser University. Picture by Jim
Six Briefs Presented
Continued from Page One
faculty members on the proposed Universities
Council, in addition to presidents, and said that all
university representatives should have a vote.
Prof. Young said the Committee considers the
proposed Council perhaps the most significant
recommendation in the working paper because it
represents something entirely new in higher education
in this province.
"It proposes an agency with specific powers,
which is going to call for a much higher level of
co-operation and co-ordination among universities in
the province."
He said the proposed Council would also have a
say in the establishment of new programs within the
universities as well as a strong voice in budgetary
'The aim, of course, is to reduce wasteful
competition and duplication in higher education. But
in the process a significant loss of autonomy on the
part of individual institutions is inevitable."
During the two-day UBC hearings the Committee
heard briefs from six organizations — the UBC
Alumni Association, the UBC Faculty Association,
the Vancouver Status of Women Council, the UBC
Young Socialists, the Coalition for University
Reform, made up of a group of UBC and Simon
Fraser University students, and the Education
Committee of the Provincial NDP.
Two individuals also appeared before the
Committee to present their views. They were the
director of the Office of Academic Planning at UBC,
Prof. Robert Clark and Dr. John Dennison, of UBC's
Faculty of Education.
In addition to Prof. Young, the Committee on
University Governance is made up of Ms. Bonnie
Long, a UBC Home Economics student; Dr. Eileen
Herridge, of Vancouver City College; Prof. William M.
Armstrong, Deputy President of UBC; and Dr. Kenji
Okuda, of Simon Fraser University.
Most of the presentations were commentaries on
the Committee's working paper, though some of the
spokesmen advanced ideas of their own on how
universities should be governed.
The hearings attracted little interest on the part of
either faculty or students, with only a handful of
persons in attendance apart from those who were
actually presenting briefs.
Prof. Young said the apparent disinterest on the
part of everybody except those presenting briefs
wasn't of great concern to the Committee.
'The question of how universities are governed
isn't of great interest to those who are not directly
involved. We didn't expect the hearings to be
crowded with spectators. University government is
not an overriding concern on campuses," he said.
Prof. Young emphasized that the working paper is
purely a position paper based on the research done by
the Committee prior to its public hearings and did
not necessarily represent the final conclusions that
the Committee would make in its report to Education
Minister Eileen Dailly.
'The whole idea of the working paper was to
advance some ideas. The Committee doesn't feel that
it is bound by it, but on the other hand that doesn't
mean that it will be tossed out. It does contain
considered points of view and the hearings are
designed to get other perspectives before coming up
with final conclusions," he said.
Prof. Young said the Committee hopes to return
to the UBC campus in late February or early March
to complete its hearings. He said some of those who
presented briefs indicated that they would like to
make additional representations at a later hearing.
He said the Committee hopes to be able to make
its final report to the Minister by the end of April in
time for possible legislation at the fall sitting of the
Provincial Legislature.
Prof. Young also emphasized that the Committee's
recommendations will not necessarily form the basis
of the new legislation, "i am sure that the Minister
herself, members of her department and other cabinet
ministers will have definite views to put forward
before the legislation is finally produced," he said.
A Canada Council delegation and a study group
from the Association of Universities and Colleges of
Canada will visit UBC before the end of the current
Winter Session.
Dean Emeritus A.W. "Whit" Matthews, former
head of UBC's Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
has been named chief investigator of the AUCC study
to examine the role of Canadian universities and
colleges in contemporary sport.
No date has been set for a visit to the UBC campus
by the AUCC investigators. Advance submissions to
the study should be sent to the AUCC Study of
Athletic Programs, AUCC, 151 Slater St., Ottawa
Dean Matthews, who retired from UBC in 1967,
was involved in many campus and national athletic
activities. He served for many years as chairman of
UBC's Men's Athletic Committee.
The Canada Council delegation will visit UBC
March 1 for an open meeting. The campus meetings'
will be held from 10 a.m. to 12 noon at a.location to
be announced. The same day at 2 p.m. the delegation
will meet local artists at the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre, 1895 VenablesSt. Heart Expert Joins UBC Faculty
One of Canada's outstanding heart researchers has
been appointed head of the Department of Medicine
in the University of B.C.'s Faculty of Medicine.
The appointment of Dr. E. Douglas Wigle of the
University of Toronto by UBC's Board of Governors
is effective July 1, 1974. He succeeds Dr. Robert B.
Kerr who is retiring.
The Department of Medicine, one of 17 academic
Departments within UBC's Faculty of Medicine, is
responsible for training internists.
Dr. Wigle has more than 100 scientific papers to
his credit.
"His important papers in 1967 and 1968 on
sub-aortic stenosis of the heart (a disease in which the
valve connecting the heart to the largest artery of the
body  becomes narrowed)  represent an outstanding
Director Invited to
Meet UBC Committee
Ms. Kathleen Ruff, director of the B.C. Human
Rights Commission, has been invited to meet with
a committee investigating complaints of
discrimination against female students and faculty
members at UBC.
Ms. Ruff visited UBC last week for discussions
with President Walter Gage and other University
officials. She told the President she was impatient
and disappointed at the apparent "lack of
progress" by the University in dealing with a
"serious challenge" made by the UBC Women's
Action Group a year ago.
The Women's Action Group, an informal
grouping of women students and employees,
presented the University then with a "Report on
the Status of Women at the University of British
Columbia." The report alleged that women staff
and faculty members were discriminated against in
terms of appointments, promotions and salaries,
and that educational opportunities for women
were not equal to those for men.
President Gage, pledging to work to eradicate
any inequities that migrr: exist, immediately
established two committees to study the report
and to make recommendations to him.
The first committee, chaired by Prof. Robert
Clark, Director of the Office of Academic
Planning, has held 13 meetings and has undertaken
a number of research studies in the last year. It
hopes to release the first in a series of reports, this
one dealing with admission of women to graduate
studies, by the end of February.
In his discussion with Ms. Ruff last week.
President Gage introduced her to Prof. Clark, who
invited her to meet with his committee for an
informal discussion.
The second committee studying the Women's
Action Group report was chaired by Mr. Knute
Buttedahl, associate director of the Centre for
Continuing Education, This committee delivered
its report last October.
The Board of Governors received the report
Nov, 6, and authorized President Gage to
implement its recommendations "where these have
not already been implemented, so far as these are
within the competence and financial capacity of
the University to implement."
Action is now being taken on some of these
President Gage has asked the University's
Personnel Department for suggestions on how to
implement the Buttedahl committee's
recommendation "that a more effective grievance
procedure be established, revolving around the
concept of an ombudsperson."
In line with other recommendations in the
report, the University's advertising policies have
been revised to eliminate any suggestion of
discrimination on the basis of sex or other factors,
and to make it clear that all University positions
are open to both men and women.
Ms. Ruff's visit to the campus was prompted by
a complaint from a student that job notices posted
in the UBC Student Placement Office were
frequently classified as either male or female jobs.
Mr. Cam Craik, Placement Officer, said the
University has scrupulously avoided any reference
to sex in advertising career positions and jobs for
students within the University.
The complaint referred only to notices for
casual, part-time and summer jobs, he said. Any
reference to sex has now been removed from these
notices, he said, and new job-application forms
will not indicate the applicant's sex.
Mr. J.F. McLean, UBC's Director of Personnel,
Labor Relations and Ancillary Services, said UBC
is following a similar policy of avoiding reference
to sex as a job qualification in all off-campus
advertising for University positions.
The University's policy is therefore in accord
with provisions of the new Human Rights Act,
which was passed at the last session of the
Legislature but which has not yet been proclaimed
and which, therefore, is not yet the law of the
Mr. McLean said that another recommendation
of the Buttedahl committee - that the University
try to devise a fairer way of rewarding mental
effort as compared to physical effort and clerical
skills as compared to technical skills — is being
referred to the University's Classification
Committee for study.
Festival Opens Feb. 3
A 13-day Festival of Christianity and the Arts,
which will include music and dance concerts, film
showings and art and craft displays, will be held on
the UBC campus Feb. 3-15.
The festival begins Sunday (Feb. 3) in the
auditorium of the Music Building with a 7:30 p.m.
organ recital followed by a performance of William
Byrd's Mass for Three Voices by the Scott Andrews
Trio from Western Washington State College in
Artists and groups who will take part in the
festival include:
Prof. Alex Colville, one of Canada's best-known
painters, who teaches at Acadia University, in
Wolfeville, Nova Scotia;
B.C. artists Miss Geral Bunyan, a batik and
weaving expert, and Mr. Darryl Auten, a potter;
Mr. Jim Strathdee, a California composer and
song-book editor;
The Cathy Ive.son Dance Troupe from Pacific
Lutheran University in Washington;
Mr. Richard R. Caemmerer, head of the Art
Department of Valparaiso University in Indiana, a
painter and stained-glass designer;
Prof. Rudy Wiebe, of the English Department at
the University of Alberta and author of The
Temptations of Big Bear, a book on contemporary
Indian life; and
Mr. Ed Summerlin, a jazz composer and musician
who teaches at the City College of New York.
All participants in the festival will give
demonstrations or lectures in various campus
locations, including the Student Union Building art
gallery and campus residences. A series of films will
be shown in the SUB Auditorium.
A brochure giving details of all Festival events will
be available on the campus before and during the
contribution to academic cardiological research," said
Dr. David Bates, dean of UBC's Faculty of Medicine.
"It gained his work international recognition."
Dean Bates added that scientists working under
Dr. Wigle have more recently made important
contributions to the understanding of mitral
regurgitation (a condition in which blood pumped
out of the heart to the lungs seeps back into the heart
through a valve which does not close properly) and
syndromes of cardiomyopathy (a heart muscle
disorder of unknown origin).
Dr. Wigle was born in Windsor, Ont., in 1928 and
took his M.D. degree from the University of Toronto
in 1953. As a medical student he won the Cody Gold
Medal as well as prizes in ophthalmology, pathology
and surgery.
From 1954 to 1955 he was an assistant resident in
medicine at Shaughnessy Hospital in Vancouver and
continued his training at the Postgraduate Medical
School in London, England, and at the Toronto
General Hospital between 1955 and 1958.
For six months in 1959 he was with the National
Heart Hospital in London before becoming a research
fellow at the Cardiovascular Research Institute in San
Dr. Wigle returned to the University of Toronto
and the Toronto General Hospital as a clinical teacher
in medicine in 1960 and became associate director of
the Cardiovascular Unit at the Toronto General four
years later.
In 1968 he became associate professor of medicine
and two years later Co-ordinator of Cardiology at the
University of Toronto. He was made full professor of
medicine at U of T and director of the Division of
Cardiology at Toronto General in 1972.
Besides his teaching and research duties, Dr. Wigle
has a number of administrative posts. He has been
chairman of the Faculty of Medicine's research
committee at the University of Toronto.
■ ■■^Jfe Vol. 20, No. 2 - Jan. 30,
||i^S|B    1974.     Published     by    the
■ Ii^IIh University of British Columbia
MawMaw^aw and distributed free. UBC
REPORTS    Reports     appears     on
Wednesdays during the University's Winter
Session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin
and Jean Rands, Production Supervisors.
Letters to the Editor should be sent to
Information Services, Main Mall North
Administration Building, UBC, 2075 Wesbrook
Place, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
_URfVRennr+cZ-lah   **fl   1Q74/Q Teaching Mature Students
Teaching Continuing Education courses provides an interesting change of pace for members of
UBC's faculty who normally teach graduate and undergraduate students. On these two pages,
some of the faculty members who will be teaching courses in the Centre's spring program, which
gets under way during the first week in March, offer their comments on what it is like to teach
older students.
Dr. Margaret Csapo, in common with other
UBC faculty members who teach for the
Centre for Continuing Education, finds that
motivation and practical life experiences
stimulate the learning process among students
who take Centre classes.
A specialist in the education of emotionally
disturbed children, Dr. Csapo, an assistant
professor in UBC's Faculty of Education,
teaches credit courses for the Centre. Most of
her students are school teachers.
"It is very interesting to observe how a few
years of practical experience helps an
individual develop a greater sense of
awareness about a subject," says Dr. Csapo.
"The students that   I   teach  through the
Centre are highly motivated because they
have been exposed to emotionally-disturbed
children in their teaching experience. They
ask very reality-oriented questions."
The students in her class include recent
teacher-training graduates and persons nearing
retirement, adds Dr. Csapo. "Life is really a
process of continuous learning and I think
that the age spread of people in my courses
bears this out. People are interested in both
new ideas and improving their professional
Dr. Csapo says she believes that the
University should expand its credit courses
for part-time students "because the need is
obviously there."
Dr. Robert Ratner teaches in the
Criminology Certificate Program offered by
the Centre for Continuing Education, which
aims to provide a wider and more humanistic
working framework for police officers, social
workers, probation officers and other in the
corrections field.
The program includes such topics as
Contemporary Issues in Law and Society,
Deviance and Criminal Behavior, and
Interpersonal Relations.
"I think it would be fair to say that a lot of
the people who take the program have an
over-correctional point of view," says Dr.
Ratner, an assistant professor of sociology at
"One of our aims is to instil into them a
greater tolerance for diversity of viewpoints.
For some, of course, the nature of their work
ties them to a conservative point of view and
they are frequently identified by society as
obstacles to change.
"One of the interesting things that those of
us who are teaching the program are finding is
that in urging our students to be tolerant of
other people's points of view we have to
practice what we preach, and in that way a
dialogue is established."
Dr. Ratner says the Centre also offers
seminars for the supervisors of those who take
the full program "so that someone in
authority back at the office will lend them a
sympathetic ear when they try to do things in
different ways."
Centre's Spring Program Offers
Why did 23,461 British Columbians enrol in
non-credit courses offered by the UBC Centre
for Continuing Education last year?
Well, it might be because the UBC program is
one of the largest and most vital non-credit
programs in Canada.
Or it might be because of the presence in the
Centre of professional program planners such as
Sol Kort, who was recently named Adult
Educator of the Year by the Northwest Adult
Education Association. He was selected as the
most outstanding programmer in the Northwest
for his "originality, excellence of programming,
purpose and philosophy."
Or because of the opportunity to gain insights
and ideas from the more than 200 UBC faculty
members and numerous community resource
persons who annually teach non-credit courses
for the Centre.
10/UBC Reports/Jan, 3Q; 1974
Or because each year from one-third to
one-half of the programs offered are original,
specially designed to meet immediate
community interests and concerns.
Whatever the reasons, total enrolment in the
1972-73 non-credit program of the Centre
increased 47per cent over 1971-72.
The Spring 1974 program of the Centre offers
123 evening and daytime non-credit courses,
workshops, lecture series and conferences.
The 1974 Spring Bulletin of Courses for the
Public will be available on Feb. 1. (Telephone
228-2181, Monday to Friday, from 9 a.m. to 5
p.m., for your copy.)
This year the Centre is offering the majority
of its spring programs four weeks further into
the spring season than usual — beginning the last
week of February and first week of March.
Highlighting   the  spring  program  are  three
special    events    in    the    Centre's    ongoing
Explorations in the Human Potential series: Dr.
Thomas Hanna, author of Bodies in Revolt: A.
Primer in Somatic Thinking and director of the^
Humanistic Psychology Institute, San Francisco,
will speak on March 18 on "The Transforming ""
Power of Human Awareness: Toward a Science
of Human Somatology"; Dr. Bernard Aaronson,
an American psychotherapist and director of the
Laboratory of Altered States of Consciousness, -
Institute for Research Hypnosis, New York, will^
speak on   "Transformations of Consciousness"
on April 1; and Stanford University professor
Dr.   Karl   H.   Pribram,   one  of the foremost
contemporary authorities on the brain and its
relationship   to complex human behavior,  will
speak on   "Transformations  in   the Brain and
Their Relation to Society" on April 10. All at
UBC. 'Rewarding Experience1
Working with so-called mature students is a
rewarding experience, says Mrs. Joanna
Staniszkis, an instructor in UBC's School of
Home Economics who teaches a Continuing
Education course in Tapestry and Creative
Wall Hangings.
An artist of national renown, Mrs.
Staniszkis says she enjoys the "change of
pace" of Centre courses.
"For one thing, the people who enrol
attend out of an intense interest in the
subject. They are extremely self-motivated
and eager to develop their creative talents. It
is most rewarding for me because they
produce some excellent work," she says.
Mrs. Staniszkis's course covers such areas as
wool spinning and dyeing, elements of design,
and tapestry and loom techniques. Her course
is extremely popular and is over-subscribed
each time it is offered.
"If the interest in my course is any
indication, the Centre is fulfilling a very real
need in this area," adds Mrs. Staniszkis.
"Creative people are always looking for ways
and means of further developing their
For years Prof. Warren Kitts has been
leaving his Vancouver home in the early
evening and driving out into the Fraser Valley
to give continuing education courses to
domestic animal producers. When the course
is in Chilliwack, it means he gets home again
at about 1 a.m.
Prof. Kitts, head of the Departments of
Animal Science and Poultry Science in UBC's
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, says he likes
lecturing at any time but especially enjoys
continuing education courses because the
people attending them are animal producers
with real problems.
"I've always felt that apart from teaching
and research at UBC J have a duty to help
producer groups in the province," he said.
"That doesn't just mean the Fraser Valley.
I've just returned from meeting groups north
of Fort St. John."
He says he feels a responsibility not only to
help producers of animal products become
up-to-date in animal growth and production
procedures but to help the growing number of
people who are trying to set up hobby farms
and aren't professionals in animal production.
"It's through contacts such as these that
many children in the province become aware,
either through us or through their parents, of
the degree courses we offer in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences," he said.
123 Courses
Spring field trips will include two lectures and
two weekend outings on The Art and Mystery of
Wildflower Watching; six Saturday morning field
K trips to view Birds of the Lower Mainland; and a
^.aeven-day Ski and Theatre Tour to Ashland,
Thirty-two courses are offered in The
Daytime Program  of the  Centre,   with topics
__ ranging from The Kimono Mind: Japanese Ways
, of Being in the World to The Legal Position of
mi'omen in Marriage.
JP* The New Film Literacy: A Festival of
National Film Board Films will be held at UBC
Monday to Friday, March 11 to 15.
Studio courses in the visual and performing
arts offer opportunity for involvement with the
instruction and guidance of specialists in each
"■    Other peoples and other cultures are the focus
of a number of programs, ranging from
Antiquities of North Africa to The Asian
Connection - Implications for the West
Forty-seven courses will be held at locations
throughout the community, including the
downtown Vancouver Public Library, Kitsilano
Library, the Museum-Planetarium complex, the
Vancouver University Women's Club, the
Aquarium, the Vancouver City Archives, on the
North Shore and in Richmond.
Magic and the Quest for Spirit, The Relevance
of Marxism, The Sociology of Love, Man and
the Biosphere, Freshwater Life of B.C., Human
Nature and Human Behavior, Human Anatomy
and Physiology with Implications to Exercise,
Pathways to Power: Women in the Political
Arena, are just a sampling of the many other
intriguing courses offered to the Vancouver
community this spring.
As an astronomer in UBC's Department of
Geophysics and Astronomy, Prof. Michael
Ovenden is engaged in what most people
would see as the most "useless" of all
subjects, the study of the cosmos. While many
maintain that universities should become
more concerned with practical problems, his
courses are always crammed with people
excited by the vision of the universe he
"I enjoy teaching continuing education
courses and see in them an opportunity to
share my work and experience with the
public," he says. "After all, it's through the
public's support that the whole thing is
He says he finds a strong personal
commitment among continuing education
students and a real desire to hear what he has
to say. Discussion between himself and
students is usually free and intense.
"I find talking to students very stimulating.
I've received a number of ideas from
discussions with continuing education
students," he says.
Prof. Ovenden is an internationally-
recognized scientist who two years ago
determined that a planet 900 times the size of
the Earth existed between Mars and Jupiter
until it blew up 16 million years ago.
Centre for Continuing Education,
The University of B.C.,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5
i_ir»^p r% •._/!—
**rt        1 *"»-■ A   I A ^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
9:30 p.m., Thursdays,
Cable 10, in Vancouver
Strong Agency Proposed
British Columbia needs a strong agency, appointed
by the provincial government, to stand between
Victoria and the province's public universities,
ensuring co-ordination and rational development of
post-secondary education.
The co-ordinating body would be the sole channel
through which official submissions from universities
to the government would be made, and through
which government policy would be transmitted to the
universities. It would receive budget proposals from
universities, request a total appropriation for all
universities in the province, then, after determining
criteria on which funds should be allocated, it would
distribute the funds among the universities.
Establishment of such an independent agency is
the major recommendation of the UBC Alumni
Association's brief to the Committee on University
Governance. Association President George Morfitt
released the brief for discussion at the same time as
he presented it to the committee, which held hearings
at UBC Jan. 22 and 23.
"Our basic concern is that the universities, while
still maintaining their academic freedom, should be
made more accountable to the public interest. That's
why we feel the establishment of a strong
co-ordinating agency is the most important
immediate reform that should be made in our higher
education system," Mr. Morfitt said.
The brief was formulated by the Alumni
Association's Higher Education Committee, chaired
by Mr. Frank C. Walden. The Association represents
65,000 UBC graduates.
The brief recommends members of the agency be
appointed for fixed terms and that they be broadly
representative of the public interest. None should be
faculty, students or administrators of B.C.'s public
Calls for
The call is out for nominations for elections to the
1974-75 Alumni Board of Management, the body
which governs the affairs of the Association.
Positions open include the one-year terms of
President, First Vice-President, Second
Vice-President, Third Vici3-President, Treasurer and
10 members-at-large (for two-year terms).
Nominations must be signed by five alumni and
have the written consent of the person nominated,
who must be a UBC graduate. Such nominations,
together with a photograph and 75-word biographical
resume of the candidate, are to be received by the
Returning Officer no later than noon on Feb. 11,
The nominations committee of the Alumni
Association has nominated the following alumni for
these positions:
President - Charles Campbell, BA'71; First
Vice-President - Kenneth Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58;
Second Vice-President — James Denholme, BASc'56;
Third Vice-President — R. Bernie Treasurer,
BCom'58; Treasurer - Paul Hazell, BCom'60;V
Members-at-large 1974-76 - Judy Atkinson, BA'65,
BLS'69; Joy Ward Fera, BRE'72; Michael Ferrie,
BCom'53; Fraser Hodge, BASc'69; John Hunt,
MD'58; Robert Johnson, BA'63, LLB'67; Barbara
Ann Milroy, BHE'51; John Parks, BCom'70, LLB'71;
Oscar Sziklai, MF'61, PhD'64; Robert S. Tait,
Mail nominations to: Returning Officer, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1A6.
The brief states:
"In the promotion and development of university
education, the agency should be the vehicle for
ensuring effective and equitable use of public funds
while at the same time ensuring the preservation of
institutional and academic autonomy. We do not
envisage that the agency should force institutions to
make unwanted academic decisions. It should instead
use persuasion and incentives where it felt institutions
should  take certain academic steps to  meet public
As well as its financial function, the agency would
approve new Faculties, Schools, Departments,
programs and major facilities to avoid duplication. It
would also co-ordinate admission standards and
transfer procedures between institutions.
The brief calls for retention of a bicameral system
of internal government for B.C. universities, but
recommends that the two governing bodies —Senate
and the Board of Governors — be more fully
integrated, with some overlapping memberships to
ensure co-ordination of academic and financial
policy. The brief also recommends Board meetings be
open, moving in camera only when necessary.
A formula for composition of Senate, based on the
total number of academic and non-academic deans, is
recommended in the brief. Senators would include:
(a) all academic and non-academic deans; (b) a
number of faculty twice that of (a); a number of
students equal to (a); and a number of others equal to
(a) (neither faculty nor students), one-fifth elected by
the governing board of the university Alumni
Association, one-fifth elected by convocation from
non-alumni resident in B.C., and three-fifths elected
by convocation from the institution's alumni resident
in the province.
The Chancellor, President, Librarian, Director of
Continuing Education, and a senior administrator
from each affiliated college would also be members of
Senate. This formula would have the effect of
reducing the UBC Senate from 99 to 83 members, the
brief says.
The Board of Governors, the brief recommends,
should have the following composition: the
Chancellor; the President; the chairman or elected
representative from each of the following Senate
committees or their equivalent: Curriculum and
Program Planning, Academic Building Needs, and
Budgeting; two faculty members of Senate elected by
Senate; two student members of Senate elected by
Senate; two alumni members of Senate elected by
Senate; and four members of Convocation, eligible
under the present Act for election to Senate by
Convocation but not members of Senate.
The brief also calls for strengthening of the role of
the President, with the Board of Governors giving him
power to perform such additional functions as it
considers advisable. The President should also
continue as chairman of Senate, but should have the
power to select a deputy chairman and to step aside
from the chair and debate any subject in Senate at his
Mr. Morfitt stressed continued alumni
representation in university government. A working
paper prepared by the Minister of Education's
Committee on University Governance had suggested
elimination of alumni representatives from Senates.
"We believe that the graduates are part of each
university community and should be involved in
university government. Alumni are an interested,
informed group who are in a unique position to bring
to university government an awareness of the social,
economic and cultural needs of the people of the
province," he stated.
A copy of the full brief may be obtained by
writing to the UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver, V6T 1A6.
Eastern Canadians are looking westward today as
they never have before.
This was the most striking discovery to come out
of a recent UBC Alumni Association branches tour of
the East — in itself the result of Eastern alumni
expressing interest in hearing of new developments in
B.C. under Premier Dave Barrett's New Democratic
Party government. Attorney-General Alex
Macdonald, BA'39, who was in the East on
government business, spoke to UBC alumni in Ottawa
and Montreal on Nov. 16 and 17.
At both meetings, Mr. Macdonald gave a
wide-ranging and candid talk about the government's
legislative enactments — from energy policy to health
policy —and answered numerous questions.
He said the new B.C. Petroleum Corporation,
established to control the marketing of B.C.
petroleum and natural gas, would "make between
$40 and $50 million for B.C. in the coming year and
maybe more" by achieving higher prices for these
products. B.C. companies and U.S. purchasers could
expect to pay more, he said, but arrangements were
being made to prevent higher prices from being
passed on to B.C. domestic users.
Mr. Macdonald said the province was moving in a
new direction in its handling of crime and criminals:
more emphasis was being placed on broader social
factors, parole and the development of smaller
institutions for rehabilitating criminals. "Crime," he
said, "represents a breakdown in the relationship
between an individual and society. The kind of
institutions we have had in the past, where we just
incarcerated people, too often worsened that
In the question period, Mr. Macdonald informed
his audience that the government was studying the
possibility of restricting the foreign ownership of
land, although it was not a simple question. On the
question of the Skagit Valley, he said he was
confident that Canadian opposition was so strong
that the valley would not be flooded. Mr. Macdonald
said B.C.'s new labor legislation represented a
movement away from confrontation and legalism but
its "success or failure depends on co-operation from
the unions and companies — and they're question


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