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UBC Reports Nov 30, 1966

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 UBC Reports
■i RETURN   POSTAGE   GUARANTEED
VOLUME 12, No. 5
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
NOV.-DEC, 1966
NEW SUB GETS GREEN LIGHT
CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT for 275-unit Acadia Park,
first UBC campus residences to be built specifically for
graduate students, has been awarded by the Board of
Governors to Laing Construction and Equipment Ltd.
subject to negotiations on final contract amount and building specifications. Designed by Vladimir Plavsic and Associates, it will  include one and two bedroom suites and
a limited number of three bedroom suites, and features
the first campus high rise (12 floors) containing 100 suites
with study areas on the top floor. The other 175 suites are
in courtyard clusters of two-storey row housing which
incorporate play areas and other specialties. The project
will be non-profit, but will meet all operating and building
costs out of rentals.
BIBLIOGRAPHER JOINS STAFF
50,000-Volume Book Collection
Comes to University Library
One of the world's largest private
collections of 19th and 20th century
English literature is coming to the
University of B.C. Library.
So is the owner, distinguished antiquarian bookdealer Reginald Norman
Colbeck, 63, of Bournemouth, England.
BOARD APPROVES
Under an agreement approved by
the UBC Board of Governors, said
Librarian Basil Stuart Stubbs, "Mr.
Colbeck will join the Library during
or before 1968 as a bibliographer engaged in developing and cataloguing
his own collection, and in improving
our existing collection of English
literature.
"Prior to his arrival, his 50,000 vol-
SENATE ELECTS
THREE MEMBERS
TO UBC BOARD
The UBC Senate has elected Mr.
Richard M. Bibbs and reelected
Mr. Stuart Keate and Mr. Donovan Miller to the Board of Governors of the University.
Six candidates were nominated
by the Senate, which voted for
the candidates by mail. The results of the election were announced by UBC's registrar, Mr.
J. E. A. Parnall.
Pictures and a story on those
elected to the Board for three-year
terms appear on page eight
umes, consisting of nearly 500 authors,
will be available for study and research. After five years, the books will
be donated to the Library and will
join other notable collections in the
rare book section of the Library. A
catalogue of the Colbeck Collection
will be published by the University.
LARGE COLLECTION
"The collection is among the largest
and most important collections of 19th
and 20th century English literature
still in private hands."
Arrangements to bring Mr. Colbeck
and his collection to UBC were initiated by Dr. William E. Fredeman,
associate professor of English, who
spent last year in Britain on a Guggenheim Fellowship.
"The Colbeck Collection will do far
more than fortify the existing 19th and
20th century collections of the UBC
Library," Dr. Fredeman said. "Because
of its comprehensiveness, it will immediately make totally representative
our holdings in the major and minor
authors of the periods covered. Beyond that, it will provide a strong
foundation for expansion.
MANY FIRST EDITIONS
"The Colbeck Collection may be
described as 'primary' in that the
focus is on first editions of the authors
contained, and the preponderance of
copies presented by the authors or
closely associated with the authors.
Considerable manuscript adds to the
uniqueness of this valuable acquisition.
"Secondly, material pertaining to the
authors gives further dimension to the
collection, as do the multiple copies
and variants that are of bibliographical significance.
"Together with other recently acquired manuscript collections, the Colbeck Collection should attract many
scholars to the University of B.C."
Construction of a new student union
building to cost "in excess of $5 million" is expected to start early in
1967.
UBC's Board of Governors gave the
green light to the project this week
by approving working drawings for
the building and authorizing a call
for tenders by the University administration when the executive architects
certify that the drawings are complete.
AMS President Peter Braund said
the construction schedule for the
building calls for completion in the
late summer of 1968.
ANNUAL ASSESSMENT
Mr. Braund said students will contribute approximately $3 million of
the cost through an annual assessment
of $15 per student. The assessment
began  in  1964-65 and gifts and grants
RESIGNATION
STATEMENTS
PAGES 4-5
Material related to the resignation of Dr. John B. Macdonald as
President of UBC appears on
pages four and five of this issue
of UBC Reports.
Included are the text of the
President's resignation letter,
statements by the Chancellor and
Chairman of the Board, and a partial transcript of the news conference held by Dr. Macdonald on
October 28.
PROFESSOR Benjamin N. Moyls, of
UBC's mathematics department, has
been named assistant dean of graduate
studies. See story page three.
to aid  in the construction are anticipated as well.
An agreement to provide for construction of the building on the site
of the present UBC stadium was
signed during the summer by UBC
and the AMS. (A replacement stadium
is now under construction at the
south end of the campus and will
come  into use  in  September,   1967).
"The new SUB will provide social
and cultural facilities for students,
alumni, faculty and the community,"
Mr. Braund said. "Major highlights
include a food service area seating up
to 1,200, music and study lounges, a
bank, a 450-seat auditorium, a ballroom, a series of conference, seminar
and meeting rooms, art and cultural
display areas, a senior student area
and offices for the student government"
MAGNIFICENT CONTRIBUTION
UBC President Macdonald said:
"This is a magnificent contribution by
the student body to the quality of
campus life for decades to come. It is
the ninth major project at UBC to be
initiated by the student body and
largely financed by student donations
and fund raising efforts.
"The Student Union Building is in
the splendid tradition that ranges
from students providing voluntary labor on the first athletic fields to the
recent construction of the Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre."
The agreement provides that the
University will lease to the Society
for 45 years at $1 a year, with a 15-
year renewal option, all of the building (planned at 175,000 square feet on
three floors)  with the exception of:
• An area of 32,712 square feet to
be constructed with a $1,100,000 contribution by the University Food Services, to be controlled and managed by
the Food Services as a major eating
place.
• An area of 6,000 square feet to
be   built   for    a    Bank    of    Montreal
Please turn to back page
See University takes over Brock FIRST STUDY IN CANADA
$2 Million Spent by 15,000
Hunters in East Kootenay
Some 15,000 big game hunters spent
more than $2,000,000 to harvest 14,000
animals in the East Kootenay during
the 1964 hunting season.
These are some of the more startling statistics to emerge from an 18-
month hunting evaluation project
recently completed by Dr. Peter
Pearse, and his research assistant Gary
Bowden,   of  the   University   of   B.C.'s
economics department.
FIRST STUDY
The study, carried out with a research grant from a private American
research corporation called Resources
for the Future Inc., contains the first
detailed information about hunting activity, as well as hunters, their social
UNIVERSITY POLICY
Ancillary Services
Non-Profit Operation
Ancillary services to the University community are operated under a
policy of the full cost being met by those using the services.
Rates are set to cover the full cost, including the cost of providing buildings, but without profit to the University or outside subsidy.
These services include campus food services, residences services, bookstore and post-office services, and traffic and parking services.
The University Health Services incurs a minor deficit which is met out of
general University operations. The Research Forest and Research Farm,
used for teaching and research, are generally self-sustaining out of revenues
from logging and agricultural products.
Operating results from the financial year ending March 31, 1966 are as
follows.
CAMPUS FOOD SERVICES
Revenue          	
Food costs               $
Labor costs    	
Other operating costs 	
Repayment of advance for construction
(Pondersoa Cafeteria)    	
$    691,731
307,082
236,634
90,036
57,979   $    691,731
Net profit (loss)
RESIDENCE OPERATIONS
Revenue      	
Food costs           $
Labor costs                     ..
Other operating costs          ....
Development of facilities and grounds  	
Debt repayment
(on  borrowing  for construction)    	
$ 2,180,491
571,761
680,692
451,982
45,463
430,593       2,180,491
UNIVERSITY  HEALTH SERVICE  HOSPITAL
Revenue         	
Food costs      	
Labour costs     	
Other operating  costs     	
$     113,105
$        8,106
87,386
20,729 116,221
Net profit (loss)
BOOKSTORE AND  POST OFFICE
Gross revenue              	
Deduct rebates to students	
$ 1,671,145
50,000
$       (3,116)
Revenue	
Cost of books and supplies
Labor costs 	
Other operating costs 	
Development of facilities ....
$ 1,621,145
$ 1,446,886
134,045
20,369
9,374        1,610,674
Net profit reserved for future
building  development	
10,471
TRAFFIC AND  PARKING
(EXCLUSIVE OF SECURITY PATROL)
Revenue 	
Labor costs   	
Other operating  costs	
$    106,480
29,620
$     135,834
136,100
Net profit (loss)
OTHER ANCILLARY OPERATIONS
(RESEARCH FOREST, RESEARCH FARM ETC.)
Revenue       	
Logging costs 	
Labour costs         	
Other operating and research costs  	
Capital equipment and construction    	
Net profit (loss)  	
Deduct amount drawn from Reserve
for University Reserve Forest
(266)
$ 591,439
$  196,254
151,458
253,051
87,518    688,281
$  (96,842)
75,548
$  (21,294)
TOTAL ANCILLARY  ENTERPRISES
Revenue        	
Expenditure       	
Repayment of debt and advances for buildings..
Excess of expenditure over revenue
Deduct amount shown from Reserve
for University Research Forest ..
$ 5,333,745
$ 4,934,926
488,572       5,423,498
$      89,753
75,548
14,205
characteristics and motivations compiled  in Canada.
Dr. Pearse said that he is now engaged in a further analysis of the data
he has compiled with a view to establishing the net economic value of
game resources in the East Kootenay.
He said the analysis is well advanced and when complete should enable
an estimate to be made of the worth
of big game to hunters in the same
terms as it is now possible to establish
the net value of timber and other resources.
PRIMARY PROBLEM
Dr. Pearse said this should help
eliminate the primary problem in managing recreational resources: that we
have no ready guide to their value.
Here, in summary, are some of the
more important results of the study
released today:
Of the 14,939 persons who hunted in
the East Kootenay in 1964, four per
cent were non-residents from outside
the province, 37 per cent were local
residents, and 59 per cent came from
other parts of B.C.
Of the 13,990 animals killed in the
area in  1964,  more than half—9,139—
DR. PETER PEARSE
were deer, 3,151 were elk, and the
balance were other animals such as
mountain goat moose, and caribou.
Elk are obviously of particular importance in the East Kootenay area,
Dr. Pearse points out, since the kill in
the area represented 92 per cent of
the total kill of elk for B.C.
The total spending on East Kootenay
hunting in 1964 was $2,000,000, of which
$1,800,000 was spent in B.C. More than
$146,000 went to the provincial government for licenses and fees, nearly
$338,000 was paid to guides and packers, and service industries — travel,
lodging, etc. — received payments of
$731,000.
One source of discontent which
seems to warrant attention by policymakers is the guiding system, Dr.
Pearse says. As presently organized,
it imposes uncertainty and often unpleasant experiences for visiting hunters—quite apart from the cost
SYSTEM  FRUSTRATING
"Moreover," the report adds, "the
guides themselves find the system
frustrating."
There is a good deal of evidence,
Dr. Pearse writes, that the usual economic forces that stimulate efficiency
in competitive markets are prevented
from working by the system of administration.
"Whatever its historical logic," Dr.
Pearse says in his conclusion, "the
industry now appears to warrant critical examination by policy-makers,
with a view toward better serving the
interests of both guides and non-resident hunters who are obviously willing
to spend a good deal for access to our
big game resources."
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 12, No. 5
NOV.-DEC, 1966
GORDON SELMAN
Board
Secretary
Appointed
Gordon R. Selman, 39, executive
assistant to President John B. Macdonald, has been named secretary to
the Board of Governors of the University of B.C.
The appointment of the Vancouver-
born graduate of UBC was approved
this week by the Board, President
Macdonald announced today.
NEW DUTIES
The President said Mr. Selman
would continue to serve as his executive assistant as well as assuming the
duties of Board' secretary.
"Mr. Selman's new duties will involve facilitating the work of the
Board by supervising the administrative tasks related to Board meetings
and decisions," the President said.
Mr. Selman became executive assistant to the President on December 1,
1965, following an 11-year association
with the UBC extension department,
for the latter five years as associate
director.
Mr. Selman enrolled at UBC in 1945
and successively obtained his bachelor
of arts degree, a teaching certificate,
and his master of arts, for which he
wrote a thesis on the history of the
UBC extension department.
THESIS  PUBLISHED
The thesis, covering the fifty years
of extension service by UBC from
1915 to 1965, was published this year
as a 60-page booklet by the Canadian
Association  for Adult Education.
Mr. Selman has been active in national organizations in the field of
adult education, citizenship and the
United Nations. He was a member of
the Canadian delegation to the 13th
General Council of UNESCO in Paris
in  1964.
NEW DIRECTOR of Alumni Annual
Giving program at UBC is Ian
"Scotty" Malcolm, who takes up his
new post January 1, 1967, after 11
years on the professional staff of the
United Community Fund of Metropolitan Toronto, for the last two years
as campaign director. X-RAY MACHINE normally used in hospitals for electron
photography is being used by a radiation chemistry team
at UBC headed by Dr. David Walker, right, seen discussing
results in his laboratory with graduate students. The
machine, called a Febetron, causes chemical changes in
matter through  high energy electron  radiation.   Business
end of the Febetron is immediately under Dr. Walker's left
arm. Control panel and photography unit at left are
operated by graduate student Eric Shaede. Other members
of the research team are Geraldine Kenney and David A.
Head, both master of science students. Photograph by
UBC extension department.
HIGH ENERGY RADIATION STUDIED
UBC Research Team Takes
Leaf out of Medical Texts
A University of B.C. chemist has
taken a leaf out of the medical texts
to study the chemical processes involved  in high energy radiation.
Dr. David Walker, an assistant professor of chemistry, is using a $26,000
machine called a Febetron, a new
type of machine used in hospitals for
X-ray and electron photography, to
examine the chemical processes which
take place when matter is subjected
to radiation.
INTENSE PULSE
"I think it is safe to say," Dr.
Walker said, "that UBC is the only
place in the world where this machine is being used for radiation chemistry research.
"The febetron produces a very intense and very highly bunched pulse
of elementary particles called electrons which cause a wide range of
chemical changes in matter.
"At present, high energy radiation
is used in the sterilization of pharmaceuticals, the preservation of foodstuffs, the treatment of cancer and
the production and alteration of plastics."
Most of these applications, Dr.
Walker said, have been the result of
trial and error on the part of industry. "They|have seldom been able to
be selective* about what they will irradiate or what effects will result because the basic chemical processes
have remained unknown.
"Our experiments are aimed at describing the chemical processes which
take place between the time the radiation strikes the material and the end
result
DESCRIBE  PROCESSES
"Once these processes have been
described and become predictable, industry should be able to eliminate the
trial and error basis on which they
now operate, and the results of irradiating any particular substance may
become  predictable."
The Febetron, which is manufactured by the Field Emission Corporation in McMinnville, Oregon, is valuable to Dr. Walker because the intense and highly bunched electron
pulse, which lasts only a few billionths
of a second, initiates sufficient change
in the bombarded material to enable
the rapid series of chemical events to
be detected and observed as a function  of time.
The same processes, if carried out
on other types of linear accelerators
which produce less intense beams,
would  not be detectable.
CHIEF TARGET
"At the moment," said Dr. Walker,
"our chief target for bombardment is
water. This is not as strange as it
might seem at first since, apart from its
purely academic interest, water is the
chief constituent of many of the materials which are presently being irradiated commercially.
"For instance, if potatoes are irradiated to prevent premature sprouting, the changes which take place in
volve the primary chemical processes
in water, since the potato consists of
90   per  cent  water.
Dr. Walker has already received a
number of outside grants for specific
projects on the new machine. The
latest is S4,700 from the Research Corporation, a Foundation in New York
which makes grants to support basic
research in the natural sciences.
FUNDS  RECEIVED
Dr. Walker received funds from four
sources to purchase the electron
accelerator. The National Research
Council of Canada contributed $13,200,
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co.
S2,500, Imperial Oil Ltd., $2,000, and
the remaining $7,300 was provided by
the UBC chemistry department.
$100,000 Clock Tower for
New Administration Bldg.
Dr. Leon J. Ladner, Q.C., a member
of the University of B.C.'s Board of
Governors for nine years, has announced a $100,000 gift for construction of a clock tower on UBC's planned   administration   building.
Dr. Ladner announced his gift at a
meeting of the Board during July. He
retired as a member of the Board on
August  31.
SUPPORTED    UNIVERSITY
Dr. John B. Macdonald, UBC's president, said Dr. Ladner's generous gift
"is typical of his interest in creating
an esthetic environment at UBC. Mr.
Ladner has been directly involved in
the University's life for 20 years —
as honorary lecturer in law, member
of Senate, and for nine years as a
member of the Board of Governors.
"Before that, and back to the earliest days of the University's history,
he has supported its development.
The University is delighted to accept
his gift to beautify and dignify the
front entrance to the University.
More than that, the University is
grateful for his many years of loyal
service and  his dedicated  support."
UBC's new administration building
will be constructed at the corner of
University   Boulevard   and   Wesbrook
Crescent   adjacent   to   the   War   Memorial  Gymnasium.
ONE   BUILDING
It will bring together in one building a number of scattered administrative departments and will be conveniently located near main traffic
arteries   leading  to  the  campus.
In a letter to President Macdonald,
Dr. Ladner said that although he was
retiring from the Board of Governors, "nothing will deter me from
carrying on the fight for a greater
university dedicated to our nation
and higher education for our youth."
REMIND   STUDENTS
Referring to his gift, he writes:
"When that clock tower is completed
and the clock rings out the passing
of each hour, I hope it will remind
the young students that not only does
time go fast, but that the hours at
our University are very precious and
the use of those hours will seriously
affect the success, the happiness and
the future of their  lives."
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 12, No. 5
NOV.-DEC, 1966
DR. B. N. MOYLS
Assistant
Dean
Appointed
Dr. Benjamin N. Moyls, a Vancouver-
born graduate of the University of
B.C., has been appointed assistant
dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, President John B. Macdonald announced today.
Dr. Moyls, who has been a member
of the UBC mathematics department
since 1947, will take up his new duties
January 1.
FACULTY FORTUNATE
Dr. Ian McTaggart Cowan, dean of
graduate studies at UBC, said the faculty was fortunate in obtaining Dr.
Moyls' services  in the dean's office.
Dean Cowan said: "Dr. Moyls' distinguished academic career as teacher
and researcher, his long association
with this University and his wealth of
administrative experience will be invaluable in the complex tasks faced
by the University during the rapid
expansion of its graduate studies program."
The dean added that at present
there are about 1,600 student pursuing studies towards master's and
doctorate degrees in 69 University departments.
Dr. Moyls, 47, first enrolled at UBC
in 1936. He was awarded the Governor-
General's Gold Medal and a graduate
scholarship on graduation with the degree of bachelor of arts in 1940.
He received his master of arts degree at UBC in 1941 and then enrolled
:.t Harvard University, where he took
a second master's degree in 1942 before enlisting in the Royal Canadian
Navy.
ACTING  HEAD
He returned to his studies at Harvard in 1945 and received his doctorate
in 1947, the same year that he joined
the  UBC faculty.
At UBC Dr. Moyls became an assistant professor in 1948, associate professor in 1954, and full professor in
1959. He was acting head of the mathematics department during the last
academic year while the head, Prof.
Ralph D. James, was on a year's leave
of absence.
He has held summer appointments
at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Victoria, and at the University of Oregon. In the academic year
1953-64, he was a research fellow at.
Harvard.
U. S. Group
Honours UBC
Dept. Head
Dr. J. Lewis Robinson, head of
UBC's geography department, has been
honoured by the Association of American Geographers with a citation for
"meritorious contributions to the field
of geography."
The award was made for "his interpretation of the physical, economic
and human geography of Canada over
a period of more than 20 years, and
for his services to the growth of the
discipline in Canada."
This is only the second time that
such a citation has been made to a
Canadian geographer. The first award
was also made to a member of the
UBC department, Dr. J. Ross Mackay.
Dr. Robinson, who joined the UBC
department of geology and geography
in 1946, was the first geographer to be
employed full-time by the Canadian
government from 1943 to 1946.
The department he now heads has
the largest number of undergraduates
of 3D geography departments in Canada and is believed to rank second
in size in North America and fourth
in size in the world.
The department has a full-time staff
of 14 faculty members and this year
has 33 graduate students. PRESIDENT'S NEWS CONFERENCE
Need for Grants Commissions Emphasized
(President John B. Macdonald's
resignation was announced October 26
while the president was attending
meetings of Canadian university presidents in Ottawa. His resignation letter
and the texts of other statements associated with his resignation appear below in a box. What follows is a
partial transcript of the news conference which took place on October 28
when the president returned to Vancouver.)
DR. MACDONALD: My letter provides precisely the reason why I feel
that it is time for a change. It has
b:en a very busy, very energetic and
very demanding five-year period for
the University and for me. We are now
entering a new phase in B.C., having
established additional universities, regional colleges and, of course, the B.C.
Institute of Technology. There are a
variety of opportunities for young people for post-secondary education in
the Province now.
We have been on a five-year building
program at UBC which is nearing completion. A  building  program and the
priorities which must be developed for
that for the next five years are still
to be decided upon, and this is a new
phase, really. The buildings are
going to be almost exclusively for
graduate and professional education.
I think it is a good idea for the University to have a new look — to reexamine its goals, objectives, where
it is going and how its going to get
there. From the University standpoint
its healthy and a good thing.
CHAOS
From my standpoint, I would like to
get into some field where there is lots
of action in education. I am particularly interested in the possibility of
getting involved in the relationships
between governments and universities,
which I think are in a state of chaos
right across Canada. . . .
I have been asked of course, whether
problems with the Provincial Government or problems with the faculty or
problems with the students were the
reasons for leaving. Well, every University has a problem financing, every
university has a problem with students
these days one way or another, and
this is simply part of the job.
Q: If you could draw up the terms
of reference for your next job, what
would it be?
DR. MACDONALD: I am, I think,
more open-minded than that. The kind
of thing that I am talking about in the
question of relationships between government and university is the development of grants commissions or some
types of instruments interposed between government and universities to
handle first of all the economic problems of expansion of the universities,
which are enormous.
Some 20 or 25 years ago governments didn't really need to worry
very much about how efficiently and
economically universities were being
administered. The amount of money
being spent on universities wasn't that
great.
But it is growing rapidly and becoming a greater and greater part of
our gross national product. The people
of Canada and the government have
every right to be concerned about the
way the money is spent
They need to find ways of getting
from the universities the kind of documentation,   analysis,   statistical   infor-
TO CHAIRMAN OF UBC BOARD
Text of Resignation Letter
Dr. John B. Macdonald, president of the University
since 1962, submitted his resignation to the Board of
Governors in a letter dated October 20, 1966, addressed
to the Honourable Mr. Justice Nathan T. Nemetz, Chairman of the Board.   Following is the text  of the letter:
Dear Mr. Justice Nemetz:
It is now five years since I accepted the invitation to
become President of the University of British Columbia.
During that time the University and higher education in
British Columbia have undergone unprecedented change.
In 1982 there was one University in British Columbia.
Now there are three public Universities, one private University, plus new and emerging regional colleges and the
B.C. Institute of Technology.
The predictions and proposals of the report on Higher
Education authored by me shortly after my arrival (with
the exception of establishment of a proper Grants Commission) have been more than fulfilled. The University of
British Columbia through the prodigious efforts of its
Board, administrators, faculty and friends has met its
new obligations courageously.
Enrolment has grown by 4,300. Graduate enrolment,
the University's special responsibility, has increased by
about two and a half times. The budget has doubled.
Gifts have come to the University in unprecedented generosity. The Library has become one of the best academic
libraries in Canada. Faculty size has increased by 40%
— more than half the faculty have come to U.B.C. since
my arrival. Dedication to good teaching has been strengthened while scholarly investigation has been expanding.
Improved communications between faculty, students and
administrators has aimed at enhancing a spirit of cooperation.
All these are reasons why I am grateful to have been
able to share in such an exciting enterprise. Momentous
changes have been compressed into a relatively short
time interval to a degree which is new in the experience
of this University. I can look back on these developments
and see in these years a greater constellation of events
than was possible for my three predecessors in earlier
days when the pace of the world of education was more
leisurely.
The building of a University is never complete and
so it is common for Presidents, not taken by death or
retirement due to age, to have to choose their time to
relinquish their position. That time has come for me.
Respectfully I wish to submit my resignation to take place
at the end of my fifth year at U.B.C. on June 30, 1967,
in order to devote my energies to other tasks. In doing
so, I wish to express my conviction that a change in
leadership at not too infrequent intervals is healthy and
in the best interests of the  University.
I am grateful for the confidence and support shown
me by you, the Chancellor, and all the members of the
Board of Governors. I am also deeply indebted to the
many members of the administration, faculty, staff, student
body, and alumni who have shown me friendship and
given me loyal and able support in the demanding responsibility of the Presidency.
I wish finally to express my enduring good will toward
the  University and  my faith  in its future.
With all best wishes, I am
Sincerely  yours,
John   B. Macdonald,
President
STATEMENT BY BOARD CHAIRMAN
President Macdonald's resignation was announced on
October 26. Mr. Justice Nemetz released the following
statement on that date:
After receiving President Macdonald's letter of resignation dated October 20, 1966, the Board of Governors of
the University of British Columbia met with the President
and asked him to reconsider his decision. However, since
he had determined to pursue other activities in the field
of education we were unable to dissuade him. We deeply
regret that, in the circumstances, we must accept his
resignation effective as of June 30, 1967. In the interim
period he will continue as President with the full support
of the Board to carry on his duties as heretofore.
The Board of Governors feel that the people of the
Province are greatly indebted to President Macdonald
and unanimously regret his leaving. On his arrival from
Harvard, he made all of us conscious of the pressing need
for greater support for higher education in British Columbia. In the writing of his well-known Macdonald Report
he laid the foundation for the creation of the additional
colleges and universities in  British Columbia.
The young men and women of this province will long
remember this milestone that has made higher education
available to thousands who otherwise would not have been
given this opportunity.
I should like to add a personal note of high regard for
President Macdonald, in his devotion to duty and directness of purpose, as he laboured under one of the most
difficult tasks in our modern society, the dire.t,on of a
large public university. We will now have the onerous
responsibility of seeking a suitable successor to Dr. Macdonald. In the meanwhile he has recommended, and the
Board has concurred, that Dean Walter H. Gage of Inter-
Faculty and Student Affairs and Dean William M. Armstrong of the Faculty of Applied Science be appointed
deputies to the President during this interim  period.
STATEMENT BY CHANCELLOR
Mr. John M. Buchanan, Chancellor of the University,
released the following statement at the time President
Macdonald's resignation was announced:
The Board of Governors of the University of British
Columbia received a shock over the weekend in the
unexpected resignation of its President, Dr. John B.
Macdonald.
The Board met today, Tuesday (Oct. 25), and with
regret accepted the resignation. The Chairman of the
Board, the Honourable Mr. Justice Nathan Nemetz, has
made a public announcement thereon. This covers the
subject formally. However, as Chancellor, I would like to
make a personal statement.
I have known our President for some three years and
have had a close working association with him now for
four months. I have formed the highest opinion of his
strength of character, his integrity, his energy, his forward
outlook and his ability as an administrator in the difficult
field of education — a field normally full of frustrations
but now added to by the turbulence of rapidly changing
world conditions.
I sincerely hope that Dr. Macdonald will not be lost to
the field of education in Canada, and that we shall be able
to benefit, at least indirectly, from the contributions he
would undoubtedly make. To say that I wish him the very
best is putting it mildly.
Dr. Macdonald's resignation is not effective until June
30, 1967. We have been assured that he will continue his
duties in the same spirit that has characterized his tenure
of office. In the over-all interest of our University, I know
that we will have the understanding and fullest cooperation of faculty, students, alumni and all directly or indirectly concerned.
mation and justification for programs
which can give them a basis for making judgments about what should be
done, what shouldn't be done, whether
there is unreasonable duplication of
effort in some areas: whether, for
example, all the universities in a particular province should have graduate
schools, as seems to happen in some
parts of Canada.
These are all questions on which
the government is entitled to have information.
AUTONOMY
From the university standpoint, the
problem is to find ways of developing
and strengthening the relationships
with government without interfering
with the internal autonomy of the institutions, thus leaving the institutions
free to determine their o\vn destinies
within the framework of the funds
which they have received. That is part
of the whole basis of academic freedom: the whole mission of universities
demands that they have some internal
freedom. . . .
Grants commissions could question
and learn what the universities are
planning. They could look for unrealistic and uneconomic types of duplication between universities.
They could advise governments,
first, on how much money should be
provided in a realistic way to help
the universities meet their responsibilities; and second, on how these
funds should be distributed among the
universities. These are very complicated problems, and the larger the
province and the more institutions
there are, the more complicated it
becomes.
Look at our own province. When
there was one University, that wasn't
a very complicated proposition. But
now with three universities, the regional colleges, and the B.C. Institute
of Technology — a tremendous burgeoning of post-secondary education—
it becomes more and more complicated.  .  .  .
Q: Is there now the type of organization you wish to work with?
DR. MACDONALD: Organizations
of a kind exist in many provinces. For
example, here in British Columbia we
have an Academic Board which is
supposed to be reviewing the programs
of the institutions and making recommendations to the institutions and to
government. It has done an excellent
job in assisting the establishment of
the new regional colleges. But the
board itself and its chairman, Dean
Chant, would be first to admit that up
to this point they haven't found
mechanisms for dealing effectively
with the universities. We have also
the Advisory Board on the distribution of the university (operating)
grantfcbut it is not a real grants commission. It is a body which simply
advises the government on how it
should divide the pie. But the Board
doesn't advise the government in the
first instance on what size the pie
should be.
NON-POLITICAL
In Ontario , there is a University
Advisory Board, chaired by Dana Porter, which has representation from the
universities on it Its task has been to
serve as the initial machinery for a
grants commission. But there is a
strong feeling in Ontario that the
system needs to be strengthened.
There may be changes in the whole
organization of that machinery. It is
und=r exploration by the universities
themselves, and the Department of
University Affairs.
Dr. Larry MacKenzie is chairman of
the Grants Commission in Nova
Scotia. So structures of this kind do
exist. I think they are going to have to
be staffed by a substantial number of
full-time people in order to do the job
which needs to be done.
Q: And these should be non-political, I guess?
DR. MACDONALD: That's right;
they should be interposed between
the  universities  and the  government
Continued on Next Page
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 12, No. 5
NOV.-DEC, 1966 —Sun photo by Ralph Bowers
President Macdonald, seated behind a forest of microphones,  answers questions following his resignation announcement.
not as a civil service type of appointment working within a government,
but advising government and also advising the universities.
Q: Do you see the need for a national position over and above?
DR. MACDONALD: A week ago I
would have said "yes". I felt that it
would be important to have a grants
commission at some stage in connection with the federal government's
growing response to the needs of
higher education, particularly graduate
education, and education in the field
of health, where they have special
interests. But arising out of the Federal-Provincial Conference, it appears
to me that the Federal Government is
going to abdicate from the field of
higher education just about completely.
TRAGEDY
I think that is a great tragedy. It
looks as if the arrangement will be
that tax points are transferred to the
provinces. The provinces then will
have the full responsibility for financing the universities within their jurisdiction with the (federal) government
taking no responsibility at all.
I am not concerned with this primarily from the standpoint of dollars
—although it is important that the
universities get more dollars. I am
concerned primarily with the welfare
of the Canadian nation. If we reject
university education as a matter for
national concern and national policy,
one  could  almost  ask:  what  is   left?
Of all areas, in my judgment, this is
the one where the federal government
should continue to maintain an interest, subject of course to constitutional
limitations.
Q: The announcement of your resignation was greeted here with surprise
and dismay and numerous other feelings. Have you been thinking about it
for a long time?
DR. MACDONALD: I had been
thinking about it since the summer,
and I had been thinking a great deal
about it It certainly wasn't a decision
that was arrived at lightly. I wanted
to do what was going to be best for
the University and of course also I
had to consider how I wanted to spend
my own life.
I am only 48 years old now. I have
energy, I want to be doing something
that is pretty active, and I want to be
involved at high level decision-making
within the  University structure.
There are no fights at the moment.
We are not fighting with the provincial government this fall. We are not
fighting with the faculty this fall.
There are no internal fights going on
in the University. I think the students
are much more content than they
were. The University is in a stronger
position than it has been in a long
time, and it seemed to me like the
logical time to make the choice.
Q: Looking back on your five years
at UBC, would you make any recommendations on changes of the administrative structure here?
DR. MACDONALD: Within the University? Yes. I would make one recommendation to faculty, not only in this
University but in all universities across
Canada. That would be that they consider the question of the responsibility
and  the   role   of   administrators—aca
demic administrators, deans, department heads and presidents — when
they are pressing for more and more
faculty participation in decision making. Universities are moving more and
more in a direction of having decisions
being made by committees. These often are called advisory committees,
but turn out to be operational committees, making decisions, rather than
decisions being made by the administrators after wide consultation with
appropriate  committees.
This is an unfortunate direction because it removes opportunity for creativity from the administrator's role. It
can turn the administrator into a
drudge who is just pushing the paper
around and following the direction of
committees making the basic decisions.
Q: Sir, are you telling professors to
get back into the lecture halls and
leave the —
DR. MACDONALD: No no. Universities are far too complicated today.
You can't run even a department as a
one-man show. Professors do need to
be engaged in consultation and advice
in respect to major decisions that are
being made within departments, or in
schools, or the university as a whole.
The real problem is to see that this
is consultation, broadening of consultation between administration and
the faculty, yet still leaving the decisions in the hands of the administrators.
DECISIONS
This is where the decisions need to
be—not in the hands of committees.
A committee will usually, or at least
frequently, involve representation of
various vested interests. A committee
decision, as opposed to committee advice, is likely to represent a compromise rather than a kind of courageous
and hard decision which may sometimes hurt a particular group and
strengthen another group.
Q: Dr. Macdonald, is it not true that
in your five years here the distinct
impression was left that the provincial
government, perhaps even Premier
Bennett himself, was lukewarm to
UBC, especially after SFU was built?
DR. MACDONALD: Yes, I would
say that's true. It has been widely
commented upon.
Q: Do you believe it, sir?
DR. MACDONALD: My feeling is
that the provincial government has
not really recognized the cost of the
kind of educational process in which
UBC is engaged: the costs of graduate
education, and the costs of professional education, which are a multiple
of the costs of undergraduate education.
That doesn't mean that the Premier
is lukewarm towards the University
of British Columbia. 1 don't think that
he has genuinely recognized these cost
facts. After all, he is not the Minister
UBC REPORTS
Volume 12, No. 5 — Nov.-Dec, 1966.
Authorized as second class mail by the
Post Office Department, Ottawa, and for
payment of postage in cash. Published by
the University of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to friends and
graduates of the University. Material appearing herein may be reproduced freely.
Letters are welcome and should be addressed to The Information Office, UBC,
Vancouver 8,  B.C.
of Education. He hasn't been close to
it himself; if it costs a thousand dollars for one kind of student, why
doesn't it cost a thousand dollars for
another?
In the distribution of the provincial
grants last year, for example, I believe I'm correct in saying that the
Premier and the Minister of Education
both expressed concern to have the
provincial grant divided after allocation of the federal grant in order to
provide for equitable distribution of
the funds.
RESOURCES
The federal government was trying
to do exactly the same thing, and provide for equitable distribution of the
funds by giving much more financial
weight to graduate students — about
four times the weight given to undergraduate students. The provincial government's direction was to correct this
back to a basis which didn't recognize
the higher costs of graduate and professional education. I think that could
be the basis for a feeling that the
provincial government is lukewarm
towards UBC, but I think its a misunderstanding of the facts. . . .
Even the wealthiest universities will
feel that they need more resources.
That is simply because there are always more exciting things to be done
in the field of education than there is
money to do them, no matter what
the financial level. So that our problem is really a relative one.
Our position has improved substantially. We have doubled the total budget of the university in a period of
four years to around $40 million, and
the enrollment has gone up by about
thirty percent Graduate enrollment
has climbed about two and a half
times, so one cannot conclude other
than that the financial position of the
University is substantially stronger
than it was.
Q: Sir, the next five years—do you
think it will be a. review of economic
problems? Do you think it will be
tougher for your successor to get
money than it was for you? Everybody
concedes that it was a pretty tough
job.
DR. MACDONALD: Well, that's an
awfully difficult thing to predict. First
of all, you are asking me to predict
the economy of Canada and the province over the next five years, and I
wouldn't be prepared to make a judgment on that
ENROLLMENT
On the other hand, in attempting to
make a prediction, I have no doubt at
all in my mind that higher education
is much more a matter of public concern today than it was five years ago.
I think the public at large and the
politicians in all parties will be more
concerned than they have been to see
that they are meeting the needs of
the universities than was the case five
years ago.
Our enrollment in Canada is going
to double again in the next five years
to about 420,000 students, according to
the most recent projection prepared
in Ottawa. That means an enormous
infusion of money is going to have to
come from governmental sources. If
the money doesn't come, the universities won't be able to accept the students.  That  would   be  tantamount to
saying that the policy in this country
is to not provide education for everybody that is qualified to profit from
it. No government is going to accept
that kind of a policy, unless forced to
do so by an extremely thin economy.
I don't think that's likely to happen.
Q: Do you think there is an optimum
number of students (at UBC) and if
so,   is   17,000 anywhere  near  it?
DR. MACDONALD: Well, that's a
very complicated question. I am not
sure whether there is an optimum. My
intuition is that at the undergraduate
level an institution should set a ceiling.
I think UBC should set a ceiling at
the undergraduate level. That is very
difficult to do in public universities,
but it is one of the problems that UBC
is going to have to face over these
next years.
PRESSURE
How do you set a ceiling in a public
institution without making invidious
comparisons? If UBC continues to be
under pressure to grow, the only logical way to set a ceiling would be to
raise the admission standards, or putting it in another way, to accept the
best students that apply up to the
ceiling, which automatically would set
a different admission standard.
That opens up the likelihood of invidious comparisons being made with
other institutions. I don't think this
problem has been solved in Canada.
Now at the graduate level, I doubt
that there is any forseeable limit to
the size that an institution might become. The larger it is, and the more
resources it has, the more opportunity
there is for the kind of advanced
study which is involved in doctorate
work — the better the libraries, the
better the computing centre. Graduate
students do not develop the feelings
of loneliness and lack of a sense of
belonging that occur so easily among
undergraduate students. By this time
graduate students have career goals.
They know where they are going, and
they have already had four years of
University.
So I see nothing wrong with a very
large graduate school, and I expect it
In Canada over the next 25 years there
will be two or three very large graduate schools. I think Toronto will be
the largest.
Q: Are you happy with the progress
on the Macdonald Report from the
time you wrote it until today?
DR. MACDONALD: Yes, with the
one exception, of course, of the grants
commission. I think that the system
would have worked better with a genuine grants commission than with the
advisory board. That is a matter of
how Mr. Bennett interprets his government's responsibility. His reply on
the question of a grants commission is
that the government cannot be told by
any outside group how much money
it should spend on anything—that the
government is responsible for determ-
ing this.
ADVICE
I view the grants commission not as
a body which is giving ultimatums
to the government, but which is giving it sound advice on the needs of
the total system. The government still
is free to make the choice. That is
the way it has always operated in the
United Kingdom, where the grants
commission makes advisory recom-
mendatio.ns to the government for a
quinquennial budget. The government
does not follow them to the letter. It
makes it own decisions, but it is getting expert advice.
Q: Do you think the building program in B.C. is pretty good up to now
—the record for junior colleges, colleges and technical schools?
DR. MACDONALD: The development has been extraordinary. The
establishment of Vancouver City College and Kootenay College and now
the Okanagan coming along, and the
likelihood of colleges in the Prince
George area and possibly in Nanaimo
—all in the space of five years—is a
pretty striking record for this province.
Internally in this University, the
building program has been inadequate. We have spent faster than the
University has ever spent before, but
i would say that there is no doubt
whatever that the university is more
crowded today than the day I arrived.
And its interesting to observe that
that is the consensus of university
presidents across the country. And
yet we are building at a rate in Canada of about two hundred million
dollars a year. ANIMAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
Gift Aids Agriculture Centre Construction
Mr. Ernest G. Sherwood, a long-time resident of
Richmond, has made a gift of $10,000 to the University of B.C.'s faculty of agriculture.
The gift will be used to aid in the construction
of a student-faculty study and research centre in
animal science on a 9-10 acre site in the new 146-acre
research area being developed at the south end of
the UBC campus.
FACILITY FOR FACULTY, STUDENTS
Dr. J. C. Berry, of the division of animal science
in the agriculture faculty, said Mr. Sherwood's
generous gift would aid in the provision of a facility
needed by both faculty and students for carrying
out research projects.
He said the new animal husbandry facilities at
the south end of the campus would be located at
some distance from the new forestry-agriculture
complex now under construction on the Main Mall
of the University.
"What is essential is a research and study facility
located immediately adjacent to the new buildings
which will house our beef and dairy herds as well
as swine,  mink and sheep," Dr. Berry said.
"Mr. Sherwood's gift will aid in the construction
of this facility, and future students and faculty members will have cause to be grateful to him," he said.
The   buildings  and   ancillary  services  for  animal
husbandry to  be constructed  on the  south  campus
site are currently in the planning stage.
GENEROUS FRIEND IN PAST
Prof. Berry said that Mr. Sherwood has been a
generous friend of the University in the past. "A
number of years ago he established the Ernest G.
Sherwood Student Aid Fund to provide loans for
students who have satisfactory standing and are
worthy  of encouragement and  support"
Mr. Sherwood, who lives at 638 Miller Road,
Richmond, formerly owned and operated a dairy
farm on Lulu Island. He is a former general manager
of the   Fraser Valley  Milk   Producers Association.
7,000 Take  Part  In
UBC  Extension Offerings
More than 7,000 adults participated
in professional and technical continuing education programs offered by
the UBC extension department during the 1965-66 academic year — a
52% increase in professional and technical enrollment over  1964-65.
These figures were released recently
in the extension department's annual
report
Approximately 20,000 persons participated in all extension department
programs. Of this total 10,991 attended
short courses and conferences; 6,706
studied in non-credit evening classes;
1,258 attended extra-sessional credit
courses and 956 were enrolled in correspondence credit courses.
The flourishing professional and
technical programs included areas of
business and industry, education, agriculture,   engineering,   law,   fisheries,
CM&S Aids
Metallurgy
Research
A $16,900 grant has been made to
the University of B.C. by Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company for
fundamental research in the extraction of metals  from  sulphide ores.
The grant, for the first year of an
extended project, has been made to
Dr. Ernest Peters, associate professor
of metallurgy, who will investigate
the way in which sulphide ores are
chemically attacked by solutions of
chemical reagents.
Dr. Peters emphasized that he was
not trying to invent a new process for
the extraction of metals from ores.
He explained that before a new process for metal extraction could be
developed a fundamental understanding of the chemical processes involved
was necessary.
"Certainly, all fundamental work
contains the seeds of new inventions,
and with any luck, we, or others, may
come up with a new process for
metal extraction," he said.
Many metals, Dr. Peters said, are
combined with sulphur and have to
be roasted at high temperatures to
produce vegetation-killing sulphur
dioxide and an oxide of the metal
which is, in turn, subjected to another process for metal extraction.
Ultimately, he said, his current research may lead to some additional
processes which will help companies
to sidestep the roasting process and
extract the ore directly from the sulphide compounds.
"At present however, the ways in
which sulphide ores are chemically
attacked are only partly understood,
and a new process can only result
when we know more about many fundamental chemical reactions," Dr.
Peters said.
Dr. Peters received his bachelor and
master of applied science and doctor
of philosophy degrees from UBC. He
was employed in industry before joining the UBC staff in 1958.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 12, No. 5
NOV.-DEC,  1966
forestry, nursing and public health,
pharmacy and social work.
Humanities and social science programs drew a total of 6,325 participants during the year. Subject areas
spanned public affairs, sociology, anthropology, languages, science, religion and fine arts.
In cooperation with the Asian
studies department and British Columbia Television Broadcasting System Ltd., the extension department
entered the educational television
field with a comprehensive series of
26 weekly half-hour lectures on Asian
civilization. Public response led to
the planning of further telecasts
dealing with India and oceanography.
International activities were continued with the department's work in
the second year of a Colombo Plan
project to establish an adult education department at the University of
Rajasthan, Jaipur, India. Knute Buttedahl, associate director of the extension department is in Jaipur working
on the project Two members of the
adult education department at Rajasthan, Mrs. C. K. Dandiya and L. R.
Shah are observing extension activities at UBC.
The 1966-67 program of the extension
department is currently underway
with 114 non-credit evening classes
now being offered in the greater Vancouver area.
Park Named
For Donor
The VA acres of clifftop property at
the University of B.C. known as Yorkeen has been officially named "Cecil
Green Park" by UBC's Board of
Governors.
HONORS DONOR
The naming of the property honors
Dr. Cecil H. Green, an engineering
student at UBC from 1918 to 1921, who
recently made a gift of $200,000 to the
University to convert the property
into a centre for increased University-
community contracts.
The gift reimbursed UBC for the
$103,722 cost of purchasing Yorkeen
from Senator S. S. McKeen in 1964,
and for subsequent alterations, and
provides $66,393 for further renovations and furnishings to create a
"town-gown" centre.
The property consists of a large and
well preserved mansion on land overlooking English Bay and the Gulf of
Georgia.
Mr. Green, a noted businessman who
organized one of the largest instrument manufacturing firms in the U.S.,
is a graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the holder of
an honorary doctorate from UBC,
awarded in 1964.
DEGREE  CITATION
The citation described him as "a
leader in geophysical exploration
whose love for science and higher
learning was first aroused in Vancouver."
The new centre will provide a meeting place for seminars and conferences
and will also house the offices of the
3-Universities Capital Fund, the University Resources Committee and the
Alumni Annual Giving program.
EFFECTIVE NEXT YEAR
Higher Costs Force
Residence Rate Boost
An $8 a month increase next year in campus board and residence rates to
cover higher food costs and wages has been approved by the Board of Governors. It is effective July 1, 1967.
Despite the increase, UBC's average rates of $88 a month for meals and a
single room, and $83 a month for meals and double-room accommodation will
be lower than this year's average room-and-board rates at any other Canadian university except the University of Saskatchewan ($81 single, $73
double).
The $8 increase will apply across the board to UBC rates ranging from
$67.50 a month (increasing to $75.50) for meals and double-room accommodation in former army huts, to $90 a month (to be $98) for meals and a single
room in modern permanent residences.
UBC  RESIDENCES SELF-SUPPORTING
UBC residences, the largest in Canada accommodating nearly 2,900 students, are operated as a self-supporting but non-profit ancillary service to
students. Rates are set to meet operating and building costs without subsidy
from other university sources or from taxes.
The last rate increases in UBC residence rates were made four years ago,
effective for the 1963-64 term. Cost of food supplies have been rising for some
months, and higher wages for both food and residence service employees
were provided in union agreements recently signed by the University.
Of the $8 increase, $5-70 a month will go toward food services, raising the
monthly charge for three meals a day from $42 to $47.50. The new average rate
of $1.59 a day still will be lower next year at UBC than the average being
charged this year at other Canadian universities (e.g. Dalhousie, $2.50; McGill,
$2.10; Toronto, $1.95; Manitoba, $1.61; Saskatchewan, $2.20; Alberta, $1.80), and
substantially lower than the average of $2.20 a day being charged this year
by 545 colleges and universities in the United States.
INCREASE COVERS HIGHER COSTS
The balance of the $8 increase, $2.30 a month, will go to residence costs,
yielding $45,000 in the 1966-67 year to cover wage increases and provide for
higher costs of bedding, furniture and laundry service.
The average UBC housing rate will rise to approximately $37 a month, or
$1.23  per day.
Comparative average rates at other Canadian universities are:
Single Double
Dalhousie $1.54 $1.30
McGill 1.75 1.50
Toronto 1.70 1.56
Manitoba 1.10 .82
Saskatchewan .95 .77
Alberta 1.25 1.00
At UBC, 38 percent of the housing budget currently goes to pay interest
and repay principal on mortgages and loans raised to build residences — a
proportion which may be higher than other Canadian universities.
UBC  COMPARED TO OTHER  UNIVERSITIES
Next year's average UBC rates of $88 a month single and $81 a month
double compare with the following average this year at other Canadian universities:
Single Double
Dalhousie                                $121 $114
McGill                                          115 108
Toronto                                        109 105
Manitoba                                       81 73
Saskatchewan                              94 91
Alberta                                          91 84
Rates at UBC effective July 1, 1967 (with this year's rates in brackets)
will be:
Single Room Double Room
$98       ($90) $93       ($85)
$80.50 ($72.50) $75.50 ($67.50)
$88       ($80)
Permanent residences
Dormitories
Graduate  dormitories
Mary Bollert Annex (for women)      $88      ($80)
$83       ($75)
Two Professors On Leave in   Geneva, India
Two University of B.C. professors
have been granted leave of absence
for research and teaching duties in
Europe and India.
Dr. Ibrahim I. Poroy, assistant professor of economics, has been granted
a year's leave to join the Board of
Trade and Development of the United
Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.
The newly-formed Board will bring
together economists from all parts of
the world to carry forward the ideas
raised at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development —
known   as   the   UNCTAD   conference.
The UNCTAD meeting was convened 18 months ago to consider proposals   for   reducing    trade    barriers
against the products of underdeveloped   countries   and   other   matters.
Dr. D. C. Murdoch, of UBC's mathematics department, has joined the
faculty of Birla Institute of Technology and Science in Pilani, India, as
a visiting professor for one year. He
will instruct a graduate course in
mathematics and take part in seminars and other special courses.
The Institute, located near New
Delhi, was constructed and equipped
with gifts from the Birla family, one
of India's leading industrial families.
It is also near the University of Rajasthan which UBC is currently assisting
in the development of a program of
continuing university education. THREE TYPES OF AWARDS
Killam Bequest Will
Boost Research Aid
UBC will establish three categories
of awards for advanced study and research by faculty members and graduate   students  as   the   result of  a   $4.5
DEAN  IAN  McTAGGART COWAN
Dean Heads
New Biology
Council
Dean Ian McTaggart Cowan, head
of UBC's Faculty of Graduate
Studies, has been named president of
a new Canadian organization which
aims to be a driving force in improving  research and teaching in biology.
The new Biological Council of Canada, representing 4,500 scientists, was
formed recently at meetings in Ottawa.
GROWING  NEED
Dean Cowan said formation of the
Council recognizes a growing need on
the part of biologists to speak with a
common voice on many aspects of
biological affairs which affect Canada.
These include such problems as
pollution, maintenance of the human
environment and human health as
well as various resource programs as
they affect living   populations.
Dean Cowan emphasized that the
Council had not been formed to act
as a pressure group. "Our primary
aim is to expand research in biology
and investigate teaching and course
content in elementary and high
schools."
FIRST TASK
Dean Cowan, who headed UBC's
zoology department before becoming
dean of graduate studies, said the first
task of the Council will be to investigate the state of biology in Canada
and to review biological research
presently in progress.
Referring to teaching and course
content in the schools, Dean Cowan
said: "Pretty well everything that is
going on in first year university biology should be done in high school."
The Council will approach the educational problem in much the same
way as the American Institute of Biological Sciences, which conducted a
three-year study that produced a
whole series of new texts and curricula.
The AIBS study laid much of the
groundwork for the proposed Council
study, he said.
PROMOTE BIOLOGY
Dean Cowan said a further aim of
the Council will be promoting biology
"and bringing to the attention of
young people career opportunities in
the biological sciences."
The Council is essentially the brain
child of Dr. Paul R. Gorham of the
National Research Council, and is
composed of representatives from 14
Canadian societies. The membership
comprises 95 per cent of the professional biological manpower in Canada.
million bequest from the estate of the
late Dorothy J. Killam.
UBC's president, Dr. John B. Macdonald, said the proposals for the
awards had been approved by the
trustees of the Killam Estate and will
be submitted to both the UBC Board
of Governors and the Senate.
The $4.5 million dollars which UBC
expects to receive will be part of a
$30 million benefaction to be divided
among five Canadian institutions for
the establishment of the Issac Walton
Killam Memorial Fund for Advanced
Studies.
CATEGORIES GIVEN
The earnings from the fund will be
used to establish three categories of
awards at UBC, President Macdonald
said.
They are: (1) Killam Senior Fellowships, approximately six in number,
which will be open to members of the
faculty of UBC who have outstanding
records of achievement and wish to
devote full time to research and study
in their field for a period of time.
The amount of each award in this
category will be the equivalent of
salary and benefits. Awards will also
be made to distinguished members of
other institutions who wish to pursue
study and research for one or two
years at UBC.
SUPERIOR ABILITY
(2) Killam Postdoctoral Fellowships, approximately 15 in number
(including new awards and renewals),
of up to $7,500, open to (i) students
who have recently obtained a doctorate at UBC, have shown superior
ability in research, and wish to pursue
further study and research at UBC
or elsewhere; and (ii) students who
recently obtained a doctorate at another university, have shown superior
ability in research, and wish to pursue
further study and research at UBC.
(3) Killam Predoctoral Scholarships,
approximately 16 in number (including new awards and renewals), of up
to $5,000, open to outstanding graduates of any institution for full time
study and research leading to a doctorate at UBC.
Up to four of these awards, renewable for two further years, will be
reserved each year for an area or
areas of study designated by UBC.
All awards will be administered by
the UBC Scholarship Committee in
accordance with the regulations of the
Trust and the  UBC  Senate.
INCREASE ATTAINMENTS
In her will, Mrs. Killam expressed
the hope that she might, by her benefactions, "in some measure increase
the scientific and scholastic attainments of Canadians" and "develop
and expand the work of Canadian
universities."
The will states that the Killam
awards are for "advanced study or
research at universities, hospitals, research or scientific institutes or equivalent institutions both in Canada and
in other countries in any field of study
or research other than 'the arts' as
presently defined by the Canada
Council Act and not limited to the
humanities and social sciences referred to in such act."
UBC has also received two earlier
bequests from the estate of Mrs. Killam which, with the expected $4.5
million fund for advanced studies, will
bring to about $13.5 million the total
UBC expects to receive from the
estate.
OTHER FUNDS
The other two funds are the $4
million Killam Memorial Salary Fund
with annual income to be used exclusively to pay the salaries of teaching staff (other than staff concerned
with "the arts" as presently defined
in the Canada Council Act), and a $5
million fund to be added to UBC's
general endowment funds with income
to be used for purposes determined
by the Board of Governors.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME 12, No. 5
NOV.-DEC, 1966
DEAN BLYTHE EAGLES of UBC's Faculty of Agriculture holds the replica
of the Cairn which was presented to him during Homecoming when he was
named "Great Trekker" by the Alma   Mater Society.  UBC   Extension photo.
STUDENT AWARD
Dean  of  Agriculture
Named  '66  Trekker'
The Alma Mater Society conferred the Great Trekker Award for 1966
on UBC's Dean of Agriculture, Blythe Eagles, at Homecoming. Excerpts
from the Dean's speech of acceptance appear below.
This ceremony pays tribute to those students who took part in the
student campaign which sparked the move of the University from its
temporary quarters in Fairview to the "Promised Land" in Point Grey! It
honours the five classes '22 to '26, and as a member of the Class of '22, I
speak out of the richness of personal  experience. . . .
MORE INDEPENDENCE THAN MOST
It was because of this spirit that our Alma Mater Society has achieved
independence to a greater degree than is the case with most other university
student bodies. As the University was born, President Wesbrook gave it the
motto, "Tuum est", which as you know means "It is up to you." By "you"
he meant citizens, parents, students and future generations of students of
this University.
This is the idea on which the University was founded and the spirit in
which it has served the province, Canada and the world. It symbolizes the
function of an educational institution which belongs in a real sense to the
people of the province. In saying "It is up to you" President Wesbrook gave
to the student body and to its Alma Mater Society, two important concepts
which have become cherished traditions of generations of students —
responsible self-government and self-reliance. . . .
The Cairn was built to be a permanent memorial recognizing the spirit
and the devotion of those students who had participated in the Trek and to
remind future generations of students of what they owe, not only to the
classes of '22 - '26, but also to those of succeeding years who have shown
a sense of responsibility and who have served the University selflessly, both
as undergraduates and as alumni.
STUDENT HAS DUTY TO UNIVERSITY
We are commemorating that tradition today, the tradition of the student's
duty to his University. When I say that, I am also saying that no University
that I know of owes as much to its student body as does the University of
British Columbia.
This ceremony serves to preserve and foster the concepts and spirit of
the early faculty and students of the University. In honouring me today,
you are paying a tribute of respect not only to the past but to the future.
You are recognizing at one and the same time the strength of our traditions
and your future responsibility to the University. The University is as
important to you as it was to us and you are endeavouring to serve it
as well as we did. . . . STUART KEATE
DONOVAN MILLER
RICHARD M. BIBBS
FOR THREE-YEAR TERMS
Three  Graduates   Named  to  Board
The Senate has elected Richard M.
Bibbs, 45, re-elected J. Stuart Keate,
53, and Donovan F. Miller, 49, for
three-year terms as members of the
UBC Board of Governors. All three
are graduates of UBC. There were six
nominations.
AMS PRESIDENT
Mr. Bibbs (BASC '45) was president
of the Alma Mater Society in 1944-45,
and president of the National Federation of Canadian University Students
in 1945. He became president of the
UBC Almuni Association in 1947-48
and was on the Convocation executive
in   1957-60.
He was active in both the UBC Development Fund Campaign of 1958 and
the Three Universities Capital Fund
Campaign of 1964-65. Mr. Bibbs was
first elected to the UBC Senate by
Convocation in 1965, and re-elected
last spring.
He has been widely active in cultural and community service activities,
and  is Vice  President,   Industrial  Relations, MacMillan, Bloedel and Powell
River Ltd.
PUBLISHER   ELECTED
Mr. Keate (Arts '35) was originally
elected to the Board by Senate in
1964, was first elected to Senate
by Convocation in 1963, and was reelected to the Senate last spring. A
journalist since graduation, he has
been a reporter and writer for the
Southam newspapers, the Toronto
Star, Times Inc., and publisher of the
Victoria Times. He is now publisher
of the Vancouver Sun, past president of the Canadian Press and past
president of the Canadian Daily Newspapers Association.
COUNCIL MEMBER
Mr. Keate is serving a second term
as a member of the Canada Council,
has been a member of the National
Film Board, and is now a member of
the Canadian Council of Christians
and Jews.
Donovan F. Miller (B.Com. (UBC)
'47, S.M. (M.I.T.) '55 was chairman of
the Alumni Annual Giving Committee
in 1958, was appointed to the Senate in 1962, and re-appointed in 1964,
by the Board of Management of the
Alumni Association, and re-elected by
Convocation last spring. He was
elected to the Board by the Senate
in 1963.
FISHERIES COMMISSION
Mr. Miller has been a member of
the executive committee and president
of the Fisheries Council of Canada,
and Canadian Commissioner of the
International North Pacific Fisheries
Commission, and director and member of the Exective Committee of
Banff School of Advanced Management and a member of the Board of
Governors of Vancouver Public
Aquarium.
Mr. Miller is President of the Canadian Fishing Company Limited, Vancouver.
CONSTRUCTION of a new student union building on the
site of the present UBC stadium is expected to start in
January, 1967, following approval of a call for tenders by
the   Board of  Governors.   Students  will   contribute  about
CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE
$3 million towards the building, the total cost of which
will be in excess of $5 million. The artist's sketch above
shows the building in relation to the War Memorial Gymnasium in the background.
University Takes Over Brock
branch, for which the University will
provide $202,880 as a general contribution to SUB construction costs out of
rentals prepaid by the bank to the
University for 35-year occupancy.
Under the lease, the University will
provide janitor, watchman and maintenance service, and such services as
heat, water,  electricity  and  gas.
The University agrees to construct
a minimum of 625 parking spaces adjacent to the new SUB on present
Brock and C lot areas, which will be
available for general University use
during the day.
The agreement provides for the possible future construction by the Alma
Mater Society on lands immediately
adjacent to the SUB of a theatre or
a SUB annex, or both.
VACATE BROCK HALL
The Alma  Mater Society agrees to
vacate the present student social
centre in Brock Hall and annex and
two frame huts, which will become
available for general University use
when the new SUB is ready for occupancy.
The contracts for the new building
will be let in the name of the University    but    architects,    consultants,
contractors, sub-contractors and materials designated by the Alma Mater
Society will be used. The University
will supply free heat, power, light
and water during construction.
Executive architects are Pratt, Lind-
gren, Snider, Tomcej and Associates
of Winnipeg, in association with Toby,
Russell   &   Buckwell   of Vancouver.
Surveying
Diploma
Established
UBC has established a one-year
graduate study diploma in surveying
to help overcome a national shortage
of  university-trained  surveyors.
The diploma will also provide an
entry into the study of geodesy, or
surveying based upon global rather
than local points of reference, said
associate professor of civil engineering  S.  H.  de  Jong.
OPEN  TO GRADUATES
"The diploma is designed to draw
upon a large number of candidates
for surveying instruction at University level than is provided by those
receiving degrees in civil engineering
alone,"  Mr. de  Jong said.
"The course is open to any graduate of a university of recognized
standing who has sufficient standing
in mathematics and physics. We expect that a majority of diploma candidates will be graduates in mathematics and physics but qualified candidates from any field will be welcomed.
"This new program opens the field
of surveying to men who have deferred making a choice of profession
until after attaining a first degree, or
men who have made unfortunate
choices of profession and want to enter an applied science type of field
without undertaking several more
years of education to complete a formal   applied  science  curriculum.
"The surveying profession will have
candidates who have made their
choice of vocation at a more mature
age than those who chose one immediately on graduating from high
school."
SHORT SUPPLY
Mr. de Jong said that the shortage
of university-educated surveyors in
Canada is such that the number required for research, development and
operation duties will not be available
unless a larger number of students
are  attracted to surveying courses.
Professor
Dies at 60
Dr. Rex V. Boughton, a well-known
scientist, high school teacher and
member of the faculty of education at
the University of B.C., died on October 15 at the age of 60.
Dr. Boughton, who was a professor
of science education at UBC, was at
the time of his death president of the
Northwest Scientific Association, a
professional organization made up of
scientists, high school teachers and
members of faculties of education.
Born in England, Dr. Boughton
came to Canada at the age of three.
He was educated in Manitoba and received the degrees of bachelor and
master of science at the University
of Manitoba.
Further graduate work in entomology and parasitology followed in
the United States and he was awarded
the doctor of philosophy degree by
the University of Minnesota in 1935.
From 1938 to 1942 Prof. Boughton
was a fisheries research scientist with
the Pacific Biological Station in Na-
naimo. He then joined the teaching
staff of Kitsilano high school in Vancouver as a teacher until 1955, when
he became a member of the faculty of
the provincial Normal School. The
following year he became a UBC
faculty member when the Normal
School was incorporated into the University of B.C.
UBC
Reports
NOV.-DEC, 1966
VOLUME 12, No. 5
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