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UBC Reports Oct 19, 1995

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Martin Dee photo
A trio of ministers joined President David Strangway (left) at the groundbreaking ceremony for the new Forest Science Centre Oct. 3. Ministers Dan
Miller, Andrew Petter and Glen Clark (l-r) announced $47 million in funding
from the provincial government for the new centre. Construction of the
facility at Main Mall and Agronomy Road should be completed in 1997.
[QCTOKIIU, 14,15,19951
j TD/"^   Open House
I^^H^^H They  came,   they
^^^^T^^H saw, they went away
'(wfl       happy.
^H^^ Tens of thousands
of visitors flocked to
campus for some "serious fun" on the weekend as UBC rolled out the red carpet
for Open House '95.
By some miracle, heavy rains forecast for the weekend held off until late
Sunday, allowing visitors to stay dry
as they strolled the campus.
"Many, many visitors commented
on the great attitudes they found
among UBC's faculty, staff and students," said UBC Marketing Manager
Deborah Sweeney. "Everyone was very
enthusiastic, worked extremely hard
and pulled together to demonstrate
just how much pride we have in the
university and in our work."
Open House began Friday morning
with a colourful ceremony in the new
$9-million Student Recreation Centre, which was opened officially at the
same time.
On Sunday, the university marked
its 80th birthday with a celebration at
the Flagpole Plaza and an enormous
birthday cake.
For more on Open House, see the
Nov. 2 issue of UBC Reports.
reacrred with
U|JCf and 4,500 of its unionized employees ratified a five-year contract Oct. 5
that provides for a six-per-cent increase
in wages and benefits over the life ofthe
"A long-term agreement like this will
benefit both the university and its employees as we enter an era of even greater
financial uncertainty." said President
David Strangway. "I applaud the hard
work and wisdom ofthe negotiating teams
for UBC and CUPE in arriving at this
The employees, members of Canadian
Union of Public Employees (CUPE) locals
116, 2950 and 2278, voted overwhelmingly to accept the deal which is retroactive to April 1994 and runs until April
The contract, which covers secretarial
staff, library assistants, teaching assistants, clerical, technical, trades, and food
service employees, includes a 1.2-percent wage increase in each year of the
deal except for 1996 when 1.2 per cent
Centre to lead in forest
research and teaching
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
The Faculty of Forestry will begin construction of a new Forest Sciences Centre
with $47 million funding from the provincial government.
'The Forest Sciences Centre is part of a
larger effort to create a knowledge-based
forest sector," Forestry Dean Clark Binkley
said at the Oct. 3 ground-breaking ceremony. "It is not an investment in the
University of British Columbia, but rather
an investment at UBC, an investment we
hold in trust for the future."
Investment Minister Glen Clark, Forestry Minister Andrew Petter, and Dan
Miller, minister of Skills, Training and
Labour, joined President David
Strangway, forestry students, representatives of the forest sector and faculty for
the announcement.
The Forest Sciences Centre will anchor a major complex of national forestry
research organizations on campus.
The centre comprises a 17.505-square-
metre forest sciences component and a
3,730-square-metre Centre for Advanced
Wood Processing.
The forest sciences component will
include 11 classrooms, a lecture theatre
and seven teaching laboratories and will
house the Faculty of Forestry as well as
the Centre for Applied Conservation Biology, the Forest Economics and Policy
Analysis Research Unit and the B.C. Forestry Continuing Studies Network.
The advanced wood processing centre
will comprise two 25-seat classrooms, a
machine lab, a simulator lab and a computer lab.
"This new Forest Sciences Centre will
be one of the most important centres of
knowledge-based forest research in North
America," said Strangway. "It will be the
anchor of a major complex that gathers
together forest researchers from many
faculties across campus and from related
organizations such as Paprican, Forintek
and Feric."
Forestry Graduate Society President
Kari Nelson said the new facility will
further enhance graduate students' ability to contribute to changes in the forest
sector through their research.
"Research conducted by graduate students is having a direct input into the
changes in the industry." she said.
Forestry Undergraduate Society President Naomi Wills also welcomed a new
facility, adding students would take
fond memories of the faculty's current
home in the Macmillan Building with
Construction of centre is expected to
be completed in the spring of 1997.
Faculty, alumni garner
gold for technology,
science achievements
Five UBC faculty members and three
alumni have claimed B.C. Science and
Engineering Gold Medals for 1995, the
province's highest awards for achievement in science and technology.
Winning faculty members are: Prof.
Max Cynader, Ophthalmology, University Prof. Emeritus Peter Larkin, Zoology,
Professors Emeriti Patrick and Edith
McGeer, Neurology, and Assoc. Prof. Lome
Whitehead, Physics. The alumni are SFU
Prof. Jim Cavers, Peter Berrang of the
Axys Group and Nancy Baron of the
Vancouver Aquarium.
The awards are sponsored by the Science Council of B.C. and were presented
at a gala dinner Oct. 16.
Max Cynader. who is also director of
research in the Ophthalmology Dept., is
the recipient ofthe Health Sciences Award.
Cynader studies how the brain's cerebral cortex processes visual and auditory information and how these capacities develop. His research has brought us
closer to finding successful treatments
for such visual disorders as amblyopia
(lazy eye), dyslexia and glaucoma.
His interests overlap with those in
other fields, as well. For example, his
work on how the brain processes visual
information is helping computer scientists gain a new perspective on computer-
based vision for robots.
Peter Larkin. one of the leading experts in the biology of fish, particularly
Pacific salmon and other salmonids, is the
winner ofthe Career Achievement Award.
See MEDALS Page 2
Haunting Hitchhiker
Offbeat: Seen a ghost on University Boulevard? You're not alone
Bridge Builders 17
Senior faculty help new faculty find their way
First Alert 18^
UBC medical students train to identify and prevent substance abuse
Reaching Out 20
Profile: Tony Bates delivers education without physical boundaries 2 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
Berger pays
tribute to friend,
Walter Koerner
I am glad that you ran Carol
Mayer's tribute to Walter
Koerner (UBC Reports. Aug. 17,
Over the last 25 years I had
lunch with Walter every few
months.   (He always paid: I
don't know anyone who ever
succeeded in picking up the
tab at lunch with Walter.)
He was always interested in
work that I was doing, and full
of encouragement.   I know he
provided the same encouragement for many others.
Through it all he was generous, sensitive and self-effacing.
Continued from Page 1
will be allocated to a union-administered pension plan for
hourly paid workers in CUPE
116 and to paid leave days for
workers in CUPE 2950.
Members of CUPE 2950 will
receive three paid leave days to
be taken between Boxing Day
and New Year's Day unless they
are required to work for operational reasons.
Locals 116 and 2278 voted 87
per cent in favour of ratification.
Of the 866 Local 2950 members who voted, 823, or 95 per
cent, voted in favour ofthe agreement. Local 2950 has approximately 1.500 members. Exact
voting figures for the other locals
were not immediately available.
The settlement was reached
with the assistance of special
mediator Don Munroe following
18 months of negotiations.
"Theagreements recognize the
needs for increased operational
flexibility and lor working together creat ively in a fiscally constrained, fundamentally and rapidly changing environment." said
Frank Eastham. UBC's associate vice-president of Human
UBC's 2,000-member faculty
association ratified a contract
with the university this past summer.
UBC and the Association of
Administrative and Professional
Staff (AAPS) will meet later this
fall to negotiate terms and conditions of employment for management and professional staff.
university Village
2nd Floor 2174 W. Parkway
UBC, Vancouver, B.C.
fx: 224-4492
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to paula.martin@ubc.ca.
Walter's interests were
broad, but in any discussion of
public affairs he always had
uppermost in his mind the
welfare of the province. We
talked often about labour
relations, the future of the
forest industry. Native land
claims and a multitude of other
subjects dear to his heart. He
was eager to see what could be
done to improve public policy in
all of these spheres. But he
always tested his ideas against
his own knowledge of how
policies might actually work out
as events unfolded at ground
Not long before he died, we
had our last lunch date
together. His principal concern
was to interest the province in
changes in the system of
tenures in the forest industry.
He wanted serious consideration to be given to adoption of
the Scandinavian system
which depends very heavily on
individual ownership of small
As a member of the Board of
Governors of UBC I acquired
first-hand knowledge of
Walter's very special interest in
the future of the university. He
was not be any means an
uncritical supporter of the
university. He always had
questions about what the
university was doing and why,
and why could it not be done
The Province of British
Columbia, as well as UBC, has
lost a great friend, but one who
will not be forgotten.
Thomas R. Berger
Continued from Page 1
He has worn many hats over
the years, including researcher,
administrator, public servant,
teacher and policy adviser.
Larkin has also been a leading advocate for conservation and
environmental management. He
now oversees the North Pacific
Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium.
At UBC. he has held many
pivotal positions including head
of the Zoology Dept., dean of
Graduate Studies, associate vice-
president. Research and vice-
president. Research.
Patrick and Edith McGeer.
division of Neurological Sciences,
are recipients of special awards
in recognition of their outstanding contributions to B.C. science
and technology, the first time in
the 16-vearhistorv of the awards
this has been done.
For more than three decades,
the McGeers have studied the
mysteries of the human brain.
They were among the first to explore the use of L-DOPA to treat
Parkinson's disease and their recent work on Al/heimer's has attracted worldwide attention.
Pat McGeer was also saluted
for his years of public service. He
served as provincial minister responsible for science and technology and was instrumental in
establishing the Science Council
of B.C., Discovery Parks, university-industry liaison offices and
the B.C. Advanced Systems Institute.
Lome Whitehead, who holds
the Chair in Structured Surface
Physics, is winner ofthe Industrial Innovation Award for his
invention, development and commercialization of prism light
guide technology. The idea for
light pipe started with a key discovery he made in 1978 while
still a UBC graduate student and
led to the formation of a company to make light pipe and licensing agreements with major
corporations around the world.
Light pipe provides a more
efficient way to illuminate buildings by piping in light from a
single remote source, much as
pipes deliver water or air.
It now illuminates the exterior of major high-rise buildings
around the world, including the
masts on top of the Wall Centre
in downtown Vancouver and the
roofs of hundreds of McDonald's
Restaurants in the U.S. In addition, light pipe illuminates tunnels and numerous hazardous
industrial areas.
Another gold medal winner.
Peter Berrang. is a founder of
the Axys Group of companies.
whose interests range from oceanographic instruments and fibre optic components to environmental monitoring senices.
He claimed the Cecil Green
Award for Entrepreneurial Sciences.
Jim Cavers is winner of the
Engineering and Applied Sciences Award. Cavers, whose tel-
eeommunicat ions inventions are
used in cellular phones and portable pagers the world over, received his PhD in electrical engineering from UBC.
Winners of the Eve Savory
Award for Science Communication are Nancy Baron, who holds
a BSc and MA from UBC. and
Raymond Nakamura, both of
the Vancouver Aquarium.
The pair created Aquavan. a
truck that brings live specimens
and associated hands-on educational programs to communities throughout B.C.
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1.
Associate Director, University Relations: Steve Crombie
Managing Editor: Paula Martin(paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Filletti (connie.filletti@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • October 19,1995 3
Input, funds sought for
new India and South
Asia research centre
The development of India and South
Asia Studies at UBC is poised to enter a
new phase with the launch of a $4-
million fund-raising campaign for a Centre for India and South Asia Research
Prof. John Wood, CISAR director, said
the centre will bring the South Asian
community and UBC together by providing a focal point for academic, social and
cultural activities.
"The more than 200,000 British
Columbians with South Asian origins
have an opportunity here to participate in
a unique campaign," said Wood. "Community input will lead to creative new
ways of sharing the cultural heritage of
this region with all British Columbians."
Wood added that the fund-raising committee comprises leaders from several
Indo-Canadian societies and associations.
It also includes representation from newspapers, magazines, radio and television
stations throughout the Lower Mainland.
Organizers hope to raise $ 1 million by
March 1996 when the C. K. Choi Building
opens its doors to the Institute for Asian
Research. The CISAR would be one of five
institute centres to occupy the building.
The other regional centres focus on Chi
nese, Japanese, Korean and Southeast
Asian research.
The campaign will also support two
academic chairs, each funded through a
$ 1 million endowment, and a $ 1 -million
endowment to fund graduate fellowships,
faculty exchanges and library collections.
UBC President David Strangway said
India and Asia studies have been part of
UBC for more than 30 years. The department has grown along with the interest in
this region of the world which includes
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka,
Nepal and Bhutan.
"With this project, UBC will create new
opportunities for people in Canada and
South Asia to explore the issues linking
us together," said Strangway.
Strangway added that UBC faculty
and students have won more Shastri
Indo-Canadian Institute fellowships than
scholars at any other Canadian university. He also pointed to UBC's India and
South Asian library collection which, with
more than 70,000 volumes in English
and 40,000 volumes in Indian languages,
is one of the largest in Canada.
Hindi, Punjabi, Sanskrit and Urdu are
among the South Asian languages taught
at UBC.
by staff writers
Perhaps you've caught a glimpse of her as your headlights sweep the
shadows along University Boulevard. A pale figure, obscured by mist and
rain. Or was it just a trick ofthe light?
She's UBC's very own ghost, a legend that has been circulating on campus
and nearby Vancouver neighbourhoods for at least 20 years.
As the story goes, a young woman was hitching a ride in the 1960s or 70s
when she was brutally murdered near the bus loop at Blanca Street and
University Boulevard.
In the years since, several motorists have claimed to see a ghostly figure
by the roadside. Others have reported picking up a female hitchhiker who
hands them an address. Both she and the note suddenly vanish.
Is she an urban myth that undergraduates use to spook unsuspecting
froshies? Or a messenger from the twilight zone?
That's the question that haunts Maurice Guibord, manager of community
access at the Vancouver Museum. He runs an annual Halloween bus tour of
haunted spots and infamous murder scenes around the city in conjunction
with Heritage Vancouver, an affiliate of the museum.
UBC's ghostly hitchhiker is one of about 50 stories told on the Halloween
tour, most of which are based on research that reveals their origins in
historical events.
As for the more supernatural aspects of the tales, Guibord said, "You can
be a believer or a non-believer, but this lore is part of our local culture and
that's why we as a museum are interested in it."
The UBC story, however, is the only one that is impossible to match with
an actual incident.
"It's a very widespread story. The ghost has supposedly been seen by
countless people over the years. People will say, 'My friend saw it' or, 'I know
someone who saw it,'" said Guibord, who heard the story himself shortly after
moving to the Lower Mainland six years ago.
But a museum researcher tried to verify aspects of the story, and could
turn up nothing.
'That's what made us believe that it's just an urban myth," Guibord said.
Just an urban myth. Try to remind yourself of that next time you're
driving onto campus, and a pale figure emerges from the shadows, seeking a
Haunted Vancouver bus tours depart nightly from the Vancouver Museum, Oct. 23-31. Tickets are $12 and are available in advance from the
CBO ticket office at 684-1234.
UBC's University Singers, led by James Fankhauser, are among three
finalists in the prized international Let the Peoples Sing choral competition.
Choir goes note to note
in pitched competition
A choral showdown.
That's what UBC's University Singers
are involved in Oct. 23 at the School of
Music Recital Hall.
At exactly 1:54 p.m., the 35-member
choir takes the stage for a pressure-
packed 10-minute performance which
will be broadcast live throughout Europe.
The choir is one of three finalists in a
prestigious international choral competition called Let the Peoples Sing.
UBC Singers, Germany's Hallenser
Madrigalisten and the Norwegian Soloists topped a list of 35 entries from 17
countries in the competition's mixed choir
category. The CBC is providing the satellite linkup to transmit the UBC Singers'
mini-concert and receive the European
feed of the German and Norwegian performances.
Choir director James Fankhauser said
this year's showdown format is a first.
Usually judges for the bi-annual event
pick a winner from tape-recorded submissions.
This year the contestants were too
close to call so they opted for a sing-off,"
said Fankhauser. "There is likely to be
more than a little bit of nervousness in the
hall when the microphone turns to us."
Fankhauser's group will follow Germany with three pieces: Frances Poulenc's
Gloria. Vox Domini by Finnish composer
Joonas Kokkonen and Witness, a lively
gospel song.
UBC Singers haven't been together
since the summer when they won the
Marktoberdorf International Chamber
Choir Competition in Bavaria.
Fankhauser said with only one night of
rehearsal before the live broadcast, the
choir will need to find their winning form
"It's going to be dicey but we hope to
pull everyone together and be totally focused at the right time," he said.
The winner will be announced shortly
after the Norwegians finish their repertoire.
UBC Singers have represented Canada
four times in the Let The Peoples Sing
competition and placed second twice.
Gift establishes faculty
position, strengthens ties
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC has received a $500,000 donation from Taiwan for the establishment of
a faculty position in UBC's Centre for
Chinese Research.
"This represents the completion ofthe
first gift ever from the government of the
Republic of China to a Canadian university or other public institution," said
Chou-SengTou, director of North American Affairs for the Ministry of Foreign
He visited campus recently to present
President David Strangway with a cheque
for $125,000 — the final installment of
the $500,000 gift.
Also present was Ssu-Tsun Shen,
newly appointed director general of the
Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in
The contribution, with a matching
grant from the Government of British
Columbia, will total $1 million for the
creation of a research chair in the Centre
for Chinese Research.
The chair will be filled by a noted
scholar who will conduct research on
social, economic, political and cultural
issues affecting Taiwan in the last 40
Strangway said the chair will help
strengthen ties between Taiwan, UBC
and the rest of Canada.
"This new chair enables UBC to build
on an area of strength. Since the 1940s,
Chinese studies has been an important
part of the university's curriculum, and
today we are a North American leader in-
this area."
Support for the Centre for Chinese
Research also has a broader importance
in strengthening the relationship between
our cultures, he added.
The Centre for Chinese Research is
one of five new research centres which
will be housed in the C.K. Choi Building
for the Institute of Asian Research, nearing completion on West Mall.
This unique building will be one ofthe
most environmentally sensitive in the
world. It is being constructed using recycled and recyclable materials and will
require much less energy to operate than
conventional buildings.
The $6-million building will also be
home to four other centres of Asian research, on Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia
and India and South Asia. 4 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
October 22 through November 4
Monday, Oct. 23
Ozone: The Good, The Bad
And The Ugly. Victor Runeckles,
Plant Science. MacMillan 318D.
12:30pm. Call 822-9646.
The ABC Of Resistance To
Anticancer Drugs. Dr. Victor Ling,
VP, BC Cancer Agency. IRC#4,
3:45pm. Call 822-9871.
Joint Seminar
Seeing Speech, Speechreading
(Lipreading) By Computer. Dr.
David Stork, Ricoh Research
Centre and Stanford U. Joint
Seminar, Institute for Hearing
Accessibility Research and School
of Audiology and Speech
Sciences. Mather Annex
classroom 2, 4pm. Hearing
accessible. Call 822-3956.
"Let The Peoples Sing" 1995
Competition Finals. University
Singers and 8 choirs from around
the world in a CBC live to air
broadcast. Music recital hall,
12noon (must be seated by
11:30am). Call 822-3113.
Tuesday, Oct. 24
Animal Science Seminar
Evaluation of Antisperm
Monoclonal Antibodies As
Biomarkers To Assess Bull Sperm
Capacitation, Acrosome Reaction
And Fertility In-Vitro. J.D.
Ambrose, PhD candidate. Animal
Science. MacMillan 158,
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Measure Of Compliance To
Drug Treatment. Dr. Jean-Pierre
Gregoire, visiting assoc. prof..
School of Pharmacy, Laval U.
IRC#3, 12:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Relative Importance Of
Competition InThe Boreal Forest
Understory. Ken Arli. MSc
candidate, Dept. of Botany.
BioSciences 2000, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Cladribine In Multiple
Sclerosis. Robin O'Brien,
Pharm.D. student, Div. Clinical
Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical
Sciences. Vancouver Hosp/HSC,
Heather Pavilion Lecture Rm B,
4:30-5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Green College Speaker
Shopping For A Good Stove: A
Parable About Gender Design And
The Market. Joy Parr, visiting
scholar, Green College. History
Dept. Green College recreation
lounge, 5:30pm. Reception 4:45-
5:30pm in Graham House
reception room. Call 822-6067.
Scholarly Colloquia
Examining The Health-
Enhancing Effects Of Social
Support. Dr. Miriam Stewart,
Prof., School of Nursing,
Dalhousie U., Halifax, Director,
Atlantic Health Promotion
Research Centre for Productive
Living. Vancouver Hosp/HSC.
UBC Pavilion T180. 4:30-6pm.
Free, open forum. Call 822-7498/
Lectures in Modern
Probing The Enzymes Of
Carbohydrate Metabolism: Design
And Synthesis Of Glycosidase
Inhibitors. Prof. Bruce Ganem,
Dept. of Chemistry. Cornell U.,
New York. Chemistry 250 (south
wing), lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Wednesday, Oct. 25
Brown Bag Lunch Seminar
The Water Management
Problem In Nepal. Dr. Hans
Schreier, Resource Management
and Environment Studies. CHS
Seminar Room, 4th floor, Library
Processing Centre, 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-8213.
Wood Science Seminar
Shear Strength Of Canadian
Softwood Dimensional Lumber.
Hon Yee, grad. student. MacMillan
158, 12:30pm. Call 222-3220.
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar Series
Natural Killer Cells And The
MHC Complex. Dr. Fumio Takei,
The Terry Fox Laboratory.
Wesbrook 201, 12-1:30pm. Call
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Metapopulation Structure In
The Mexican Spotted Owl:
Adaptations To A Naturally
Fragmented Landscape. Peter
Stacey, Ecology, Evolution and
Conservation Biology Program, U
of Nevada. Host: Dr. Judy Myers.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60,
4:30pm. Refreshments. Hut B8,
4:10pm. Call 822-3957.
Sati: The Event And The
Ideology. Mandakranta Bose,
sessional lecturer. Centre for
Research in Women's Studies and
Gender Relations, 3:30-5pm. Free.
Call 822-9171.
Issues in Post Secondary
Education Seminar
Academic Industry Relations:
The Current Debate. Janice
Newson, Dept. of Sociology, York
U. Green College recreation lounge,
2-5pm. Call 822-6067.
Lecture Series
Capitalizing The Scenery:
Landscape. Leisure And Tourism
In British Columbia. 1880s-1950s.
Speaker TBA. Morris and Helen
Belkin Art Gallery, 12:30pm. Call
19th Century Colloquium
As The Century Turned: Britain,
Europe, Asia. Wilhelm Emilson.
English Dept.. Maria Ng.
Comparitive Literature. Peter
Stenberg, Germanic Studies, and
Moderator, Tracy Punchard,
English. Green College recreation
lounge, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Law and Society Film
Manufacturing Consent: Noam
Chomsky And The Media. Mark
Achbar. co-producer and co-
director. Green College small
dining room. 3-6pm. Discussion
follows at 7:15pm.Call 822-6067.
Surgery Grand Rounds
Lymphatic Mapping In The
Management Of Early Stage
Melanoma. Dr. Merrick Ross.
Assistant Prof, of Surgery. U of
Texas, MD Anderson Cancer
Centre. GF Strong Rehabilitation
auditorium. 7-8am. Call 875-
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Ligament Healing And
Transplantation. Dr. C. Frank,
chief. Division of Orthopaedics, U
of Calgary. Chair Dr. Peter C. Wing.
Eye Care Centre auditorium. 7am.
Call 875-4272.
Noon Hour Concert
Camille Churchfield, flute.
Kenneth Broadway, piano. Music
recital hall, 12:30pm. $2.50 at the
door. Call 822-5574.
Thursday, Oct. 26
Genetics Graduate Program
Genetic And Developmental
Studies Of Abnormal Neural Tube
Closure. Teresa Gunn, PhD
candidate. Wesbrook 201,4:30pm.
Call 822-8764.
Canadian Studies Workshop
The Colour Of Work: Gender
And Ethnic Labour Market
Segmentation In Canada. Dan
Hiebert. Geography. Green College,
small dining room, 8pm. Dinner
beforehand, book by calling 822-
8660. For information call 822-
Medieval and Renaissance
Letters, News, And Political
Culture In Fifteenth-Century
England. Steven Justice, Dept. of
English, U of California at Berkeley.
Buchanan B2i8, 12:30pm. Call
Medieval and Renaissance
The Circulation OfTexts In Late
Medieval England: Patrons,
Owners, Coteries, Scribes. Sheila
Delany, Dept. of English, SFU and
Kathryn Kerby-Fulton, Dept. of
English, U of Victoria. Green
College recreation lounge, 4:30-
6:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Logging The Globe. UBC Dean
of Arts, Patricia Marchak lectures
on her latest book "Logging The
Globe." Buchanan Al 06. 12:30pm.
Free. Call 822-2665.
Colloquium Lecture
Ground-Based Gamma Ray
Astronomy. David Hanna.
Hennings 201, 4pm. Call 822-
Computer Science
Department, Invited Speaker
Markov Decision Processes: A
Foundation For Intelligent Agents.
Leslie Pack Kaelbling. Dept. of
Computer Science. Brown U.
CICSR/CS 208. 4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3061.
Friday, Oct. 27
Centre for Chinese Research
The Political Economy Of
Chinese Economic Reform: Can
The Economic Miracle Be
Sustained?   Prof".   Loren   Brandt.
Dept. of Economics, U of Toronto.
Asian Centre 604, 12:30-2pm. Call
Advanced Process Control For
Paper Machine. Dr. Ping Li, Postdoctoral fellow, Dept. of Chemical
Engineering. ChemEng 206.
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Factors Which Regulate Human
Plasma Lipid Transfer Protein In
Dyslipidemia. KishorWasan, PhD,
asst. prof.. Pharmaceutical
Sciences. IRC#3, 12:30pm. Call
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
University Art Departments: A
Major Unrecognized Health And
Safety Problem. Michael McCann.
director, Centre for Safety in the
Arts, New York City. Vancouver
Hosp/HSC, KoernerTheatreG279.
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
Mathematics Colloquium
Morse Theory And Nonlinear
Analysis.Dr. K.C. Chang, Dept. of
Mathematics, Beijing U. Math 104,
3:35pm. Refreshments at 3:15,
MathAnnex, 1115. Call 822-2666.
President's Advisory
Committee On Lectures
Origine et identite: La
constitution de l'individualite
raoderne au XlVe siecle (Zola,
Renan, Barres). Prof. Francoise
Gaillard, Universite de Paris VII.
Green College recreation lounge
3:30pm. Call 822-4004.
The Power Of Visualization
(Mental Imagery Techniques For
Enhancing Performance, Creative
Problem-Solving And Attaining
Goals). Lee Pulos, PhD, Clinical
Psychology. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC, theatre, Psychiatric Unit,
7:30-10:30pm (continues Oct. 28
9am to 5pm). Bring lunch. Preregistration required. $145. Call
Grand Rounds
HIVAndWomen - Howlt Affects
Family Centred Care. Dr. Daphne
Lobb, MD, Positive Women's
Network, chair. Medical Education
Committee. GF Strong auditorium,
9am. Call 875-2307.
Safety On Campus. Call Namiko
Kunimoto, AMS vice president,
Pacific Health Forum - NO
ROUNDS. Call 822-2772.
Opera Excerpts. UBC Opera
Workshop and Theatre. Nancy
Hermiston. director. Old
Auditorium. 8pm. Call 822-
Saturday, Oct. 28
Vancouver Institute
Growth Without Air
Pollution: Vancouver And
Elsewhere. Dr. David Bates,
former UBC dean of Medicine.
IRC#2, 8:15pm. Free. Call 822-
Lecture Series
Capitalizing The Scenery:
Landscape, Leisure And
Tourism In British Columbia,
1880s-1950s. Morris and Helen
Belkin Art Gallery. 2pm. Call
Monday, Oct. 30
Brown Bag Lunch Seminar
Small Town Development In
Indonesia. Dr. Djoko Sujarto.
Institute of Technology.
Bandung. CHS Seminar Room,
4th Floor, Library Processing
Centre, 12:30-2pm. Call 822-
Mass Spectrometry: The Datest
AnswerToThe Protein Chemist's
Prayer? Dr. H. Duckworth, Dept
of Chemistry, U of Manitoba.
IRC#4, 3:45pm. Refreshments
at 3:30. Call 822-9871.
Faculty Development
Classroom Design For The
Future. Kathleen Beaumont.
Faculty Development Seminar
Room, David Lam basement. 3-
5pm. Free. To register call 822-
Morphological And
Physiological Characterization
Of The Infection Of Potato By
VA-mycorrhizal Fungi (Glomus
Species). David McArthur, Plant
Science. MacMillan 318D,
12:30pm. Call 822-9646.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space.
Deadline for the November 2 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period November 5 to November 18 —
is noon, October 24. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995 5
October 22 through November 4
Tuesday, Oct. 31
1995-96 DOW Lecture in
Analytical Chemistry
A Gene Proge Biosensor For
The Direct Detection Of
Hybridization And Protein
Interactions. Prof. Michael
Thompson. Dept. of Chemistry.
U of T. Chemistry 250 (south
wing), lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Animal Science Seminar
Semen Preservation And
Artificial Insemination In
Chicken And Ducks. Carolyn
Stunden. MSc student. Animal
Science. MacMillan 158.
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Development Of Amphophilic
Diblock Copolymers As Micellar
Carriers Of Taxol. Dr. Xichen
Zhang, research assoc. Div. of
Pharmaceutics and Bio-
pharmeceutics. Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC#3,
12:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Controversies In Stress Ulcer
Prophylaxis. Alan Low, Pharm.D
student, Division of Clinical
Pharmacy. Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Heather
Pavilion, Lecture Rm B, 4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Fungi Without Sex (?): A
Molecular Phylogenetic
Approach To Reuniting The
Ascomycetes. Dr. Mary Berbee,
Dept. of Botany and Centre for
Biodiversity Research.
BioSciences, 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Centre for Applied Ethics
Tensions Between Feminist
Bioethics And Feminist Political
Theory In Reproductive Control.
Dr. Susan Dodds. Dept. of
Philosophy, U of Wollongong,
Australia. Angus 413., 4-6pm.
Call 822-5139.
Green College Speaker
Traditional China And The
Western Search For Modernity.
Alexander Woodside. Dept. of
History. Green College recreation
lounge, 5:30pm. Reception
4:45pm Graham House reception
room. Call 822-6067.
Wednesday, Nov. 1
Denying (White) Racism
Privilege: Redemption Discourses
And The Uses Of Fantasy. Leslie
Roman. Educational Studies.
Faculty of Education. Centre for
Research in Women's Studies
and Gender Relations. 3:30-5pm.
Call 822-9171.
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Multi-Species. Experimental.
Field Studies Of Interference
Competition. Bob Paine, Zoology.
U ofWashington, Seattle. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm.
Host Dr. Judy Myers.
Refreshments Hut B8. 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar Series
Pathogenic Mechanisms OfThe
Intracellular Parasite Listeria
Monocytogenes. Dr. Dan Portnoy.
Dept. of Microbiology, U of
Pennsylvania Medical School,
Philadelphia. Wesbrook 201, 12-
1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Seminar for PhD Students in
Interdisciplinary Studies
Being Undisciplined. Richard
Ericson. Green College. Green
College recreation lounge, 5pm.
Call 822-6067.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
1) Vertebral Pedicle Loss As An
Etiological Factor In The Genesis
Of Spinal Deformity. 2) Flexible IM
Pinning In Children's Forearm
Fractures. Dr. S.J. Tredwell/Dr.
Kenny/Dr. S. Pinney. Chairman
Dr. P.C. Wing. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC, Eye Care Centre auditorium.
Call 875-4272.
Norbert Kraft, guitar. Music-
recital hall, 12:30pm. $2.50 at the
door. Call 822-5574.
Distinguished Medical
Research Lecture
Intergration Of Cell Membrane
And Organeller Ion Transport
Related to CA2+ Signalling. Dr.
Cornelis Van Breemen, Pharmacology and Therapeutics. IRC #4.
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-8633.
Thursday, Nov. 2
Response Of Plants To UV-B
Radiation: Photomorphogenesis,
Acclimation And Stress. Bruce
Greenberg, U of Waterloo.
MacMillan 318D, 12:30pm. Call
Faculty Development
Cultural Diversity Training:
Communicating In The
Multicultural Academic
Environment. Katherine
Beaumont, Mackie Chase and
Christina Pikios. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 50, 3-5pm.
Free. To register call 822-9149.
Earth Sciences Seminar
Ground Penetrating Radar: An
Effective Geophysical Approach
For Selected Geological
Environments. Harry Jol, Dept. of
Geography and Institute of
Quaternary Research, SFU.
Geophysics and Astronomy 260.
12:30pm. Refreshments and
discussion follow. Call 822-2267.
Student Health Services
Open Meeting
Students and others with an
interest in Student Health Services
(SHS) are invited to meet with the
SHS Review Committee chaired by
Dr. Carol Herbert, head of UBC
Family Practice Dept. IRC#3. 1:30-
2:20pm. Call 822-4791.
Comparative Literature
Behind The Veil: Early Modern
Englishwomen And Islam.
Bemadette Andrea, English Dept.
Green College recreation lounge,
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
"Ethnic" Assimilates
"Indigenous": A Study In
Intellectual Neo-Colonialism.
Winona Stevenson, Native Studies,
U of Saskatchewan. First Nations
House of Learning, Sty-Wet-Tan.
12:30pm. Call 822-6328.
Centre for India and South
Asia Research Seminar
Violence In Indian Life And
Literature. Vijay Tendulkar,
Marathi playwright and Hindi
screenplay writer. Asian Centre
604, 12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Philosophy Colloquium
Standing Up For Non-
Cognitivists. Dr. Huw Price, Dept.
of Traditional Philosophy, U. of
Sydney. Buchanan B218, 1-
2:30pm. Call 822-3292.
Colloquium Lecture
The Active Arctic Ocean. Peter
Jones. Hennings 201, 4pm. Call
Friday, Nov. 3
Transportation Planning
Planned Chaos: The Key To
Better Urban Planning, Design and
Administration. David Engwicht,
Australian transportation planner
and author. Buchanan A104, 1-
3pm. Free. Call 822-3914.
Wood Science Seminar
Development Of A
TechnoEconomic Model To Assess
The Conversion Of Wood Wastes
To Ethanol. David Gregg, MSc
candidate. Paprican, 4pm.
De-inking Of Office Wastepaper.
Dr. Kenneth L. Pinder, prof,
emeritus, Dept. of Chemical
Engineering. ChemEng 206,
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Aquaporin Molecular Water
Channels In Health And Disease.
Dr. Carol van Os, Dept. of Cell
Physiology. U of Nijmegen, the
Netherlands. IRC#4, 3:45pm.
Refreshments at 3:30. Call 822-9871.
Mathematics Colloquium
Quantum Cohomology And
Enumerative Geometry. Dr. K.
Behrend, Dept. of Mathematics.
Math 104, 3:35pm. Refreshments
at 3:15pm in Math Annex 1115.
Call 822-2666.
Occupational Hygiene
Carcinogen Biomonitoring.
Glenn Talaska. assistant prof..
Dept of Environmental Health, U
of Cincinnati. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC. Koerner Theatre G279, 12:30-
1:30pm. Free. Call 822-9595.
Green College Writer-In
Residence Workshop
A One-Day Theatre Writing
Workshop Covering Characterization. Structure, Plot And
Narrative. Dramatic Tension,
Thematic  Concerns,   Symbolism
And Ritual. Sue Ashby. English
playwright. Green College
recreation lounge, 9am-4pm. Call
Grand Rounds
Adoption: New Perspectives. Dr.
Michael Whitfield, Assoc. Prof.,
Dept. of Paediatrics, director.
Neonatal Follow-up Program,
Children's Hospital. GF Strong
auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307^
Saturday, Nov. 4
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Is "Edutainment" An
Oxymoron? Dr. Maria Klawe, Vice-
President Student and Acacemic
Services, UBC. IRC#2. 8:15pm.
Free. Call 822-3 131.
TAing On A Multicultural
Campus. Christine Pikios and
Katherine Beaumont, Intercultural Training and
Resources Centre, Continuing
Studies. International House
lower lounge, 9:30am-
12:30pm.Call 822-1437.
Continuing Studies
Primo Levi, Writer. Witness and
Holocaust Educator. Continues
Nov. 5. All events take place on
campus except Sunday evening
concert and post-conference
events at Jewish Communitv
Centre. Pre-registration deadline
Oct. 20. $65. $50. full-time
students. Call 264-0499.
Flu Vaccines
Attention UBC Staff And
Faculty. Flu Vaccine will be given
at UBC Student Health Service,
Friday, November 3, 8-11:30am
and 12:15-3:45pm. Cost $10.
Facial Acne Study
UBC Division of Dermatology
is seeking participants 18-35
years of age, moderate acne, able
to attend 4 visits over a 12-week
period. Honorarium paid upon
completion. Call Sherry Phillips,
Psoriasis Study
Division of Dermatology is
studying the effect of a new
photosensitive drug plus red light
on stable plaque psoriasis.
Volunteers required: age 18+,
healthy, not receiving anti-
psoriasis treatment. Call 875-
Infant Study
Have you ever wondered how
babies learn to talk? Help us find
out! We are looking for parents
with babies between 1 and 15
months of age to participate in
language development studies. If
interested in bringing your baby
for a one- hour visit, please call
Dr. Janet Werker's Infant Studies
Centre, Psychology Dept., UBC.
822-6408 (ask for Nancy).
Alumni Achievement
UBC Alumni Association is
holding an Alumni Achievement
Dinner on Monday, October 23,
1995 in the BC Ballroom, Hotel
Vancouver. The dinner is to
honour 1995 Alumni Award
recipients and recognize the
honorary patrons. Special guest
speaker is Dr. Garth Drabinsky.
MC for the evening is John Grey.
Door prizes and entertainment.
Tickets $80. Tables (of 8) may be
reserved by calling Mary at 822
Review of Student Health Services
A committee chaired by Dr. Carol Herbert, Head of the Family Practice
Department in UBC's Faculty of Medicine has been established to
conduct a review of Student Health Services (SHS). The committee's
terms of reference are:
• To review and make recommendations on: the mission,
vision and goals of SHS; the quality and scope of service
provided by SHS; the staffing of SHS given the size of the
UBC student body and the apparent demand for service;
the indicators being used to assess quality of service and
cost effectiveness; and the management and operational
structure for SHS.
• To identify the key challenges facing SHS and the
opportunities for change.
• To recommend courses of action to enhance the strengths
and eliminate any weaknesses of SHS.
• To comment on how the unit compares to other units with
similar mandates.
• To make any other obsen'ations or recommendations relating
to SHS that the committee considers to be desirable.
The committee will welcome written submissions from individuals
or groups. Submissions should lie received no later than
October 27, 1995 and should be addressed to:
Diane Kent
Secretary, Student Health Services Review Committee
c/o Registrar's Office
2016 - 1874 East Mall
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z1
Fax: 822-5945    e-mail: diane.kent@ubc.ca
Make your move.
panmipacTian 6 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
Policy and Procedure Handbook addition: Approved by Board of Governors, October 5,1995
Effective January I, 1996 for new appointments and reappointments from that date forward
Policy on Post Doctoral Fellows
Vice President Academic & Provost
To describe terms and conditions for
Postdoctoral Fellows.
Postdoctoral Fellows (PDFs) are valued
members of the UBC community and
make an indispensable contribution to
the research environment of the University. As researchers, they have the
opportunity to make a significant contribution to their chosen field. As a
member of a research group or as an
individual researcher, they work under
the general supervision of a faculty
member and may assist with the supervision of graduate students.
Appointments as Postdoctoral Fellows
are for a limited period of time, up to
three years. In extenuating circumstances, a Dean may recommend for
approval by the Associate Vice President Academic a brief extension of the
three year term. In the sciences, the
customary pattern is to seek to broaden
one's research expertise under the guidance of an established researcher. In
the humanities, the customary pattern
is to embark on a new research project
with guidance from and in consultation with an experienced faculty member. In all disciplines, an important
objective is to strengthen one's publication record and CV, thereby building
a reputation and enhancing one's
chances of securing a more permanent
faculty or research position.
PDFs are individuals who are in training, normally within three years of being
awarded the PhD degree or within ten
years of being awarded the MD or DDS
degrees. These three-year periods may
be delayed by circumstances requiring
an interruption in research career, e.g.
by parental responsibilities.
PDFs can receive funding from grants
or contracts held by faculty at UBC or
from departmental resources. This
policy does not apply to PDFs who
secure personal funding from external
sources or/and competitive fellowship
programs, such as NSERC, SSHRC or
Killam Fellowships.
PDFs are individuals who have completed a doctoral degree and who are
seeking the opportunity to train further in a particular area of research.
Recruitment for such appointments
varies; it can take place through recommendation by a faculty member at
another university, through networking at conferences, by awarding of a
fellowship through a granting agency,
or by advertising in appropriate journals or newspapers.
When recruiting PDFs, faculty members should adhere to relevant legislation, such as the Human Rights Code
of British Columbia. Information on
human rights legislation is available
from Faculty Relations. Faculty members will consider UBC's employment
equity goals when recruiting PDFs.
Most often, a faculty member who has
funding to support a PDF will conduct the
selection process personally, or with other
faculty members if there is joint funding
for the position, using phone calls, e-
mail, faxes, letters of reference, recommendations, and copies of research papers to assist in the decision process.
Killam Fellowships and fellowships
funded by external agencies are awarded
by an adjudication process established
by the external agency.
Individual faculty members or a group of
faculty may invite a PDF to join them as
a junior research colleague. The letter of
invitation to come to UBC specifies:
• the term of appointment as a PDF
• salary  and   benefit   arrangements
(whether funding is from external or
internal sources or a combination of
• the nature ofthe research to be undertaken
• any special conditions
The PDF accepts this letter of invitation
in writing.
For a PDF to be recognized at UBC under
the terms of this policy statement, all
appropriate appointment documentation
is completed and submitted to Faculty
Relations (appointment form, C.V., social
insurance number, employment authorization if a non-Canadian). By signing the
appointment form and forwarding the
recommendation for appointment to the
Dean, the Head of Department accepts
the PDF in the department.
Some PDFs may also have a special,
separate appointment as a Postdoctoral
Teaching Fellow at UBC in recognition of
assigned teaching responsibilities.
A PDF will be associated with one or more
faculty colleagues for the purpose of research collaboration. The faculty member-supervisor provides whatever resources are needed to support the collaborative research activities.
International PDFs apply for admission
to Canada at the Canadian embassy/
consulate in their country, once they
have received a confirmation of offer of a
Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from
the Associate Vice-President, Academic.
Department Heads place a request with
the Associate Vice-President, Academic
to issue an authorization for the PDF to
accept a position at UBC.
Upon arrival in Canada, the PDF applies
for a social insurance number. As individuals entering Canada on work permits, PDFs do not qualify for Landed
Immigrant Status.
Orientation to the University:
The Department of Human Resources
includes PDFs in their monthly university-wide orientations.
Orientation to the Department/Faculty:
The Grant-Holder, Department Head and
Dean are responsible for orienting PDFs
to the Department and Faculty. Departmental or faculty administrators prepare
written materials about services, procedures and standards in the department
and faculty, and useful contacts at UBC.
The grant-holder or faculty member-supervisor is responsible for orientation to
the worksite, and for providing information about performance expectations,
standards for hours of work, safety pro
cedures and ethical/scholarly integrity
PDFs may be funded from external
awards, by University endowment or operating funds, by payments from grants
or contracts held by faculty, or from a
combination of sources.
Salary ranges for PDFs are governed by
the regulations of granting agencies. For
current information, contact Research
Services. Where no specific salary is
mandated, the PDF's compensation is
based on his/her relevant experience and
responsibilities, the final salary established by the Grant-Holder following consultation with the PDF and approval by
the Head. At the discretion ofthe Head
and Dean, total compensation may exceed the regulated maximum of a single
granting agency, provided that other
sources of funding are available. Given
the short-term nature of the appointment, salaries are not normally reviewed
The benefits aspect of this policy applies
only to those PDFs whose salaries are
paid through UBC's Department of Financial Services. Persons who are funded
otherwise are advised to make private
arrangements for benefit plans and insurance coverage.
For appointments of less than twelve
months, Postdoctoral Fellows will receive
only Workers' Compensation coverage,
and the employer's contribution to Unemployment Insurance and Canada Pension. Deductions are taken from the
Postdoctoral Fellow's paycheque for the
employee contribution to Unemployment
Insurance Program and Canada Pension
Plan. Hours of work, vacation, maternity
and parental leave, and termination of
employment are governed by the Employment Standards Act of BC.
Postdoctoral Research Fellows appointed
for one year or more are eligible to receive:
Workers' Compensation Coverage
Unemployment Insurance Program
(employer and employee contributions)
Canada Pension Plan (employer and
employee contributions)
Maternity Leave (unpaid), 18 weeks
Parental Leave (unpaid), 12 weeks
Vacation: two weeks with pay taken
within the year of appointment
Medical Services Plan *(employee paid)
Extended Health Benefits Coverage
*(only available if enrolled in medical
coverage, employer paid)
Dental Plan Coverage (employer paid)
Postdoctoral Teaching Fellows are eligible to receive:
Workers' Compensation Coverage
Unemployment Insurance Program
(employer and employee contributions)
Canada Pension Plan (employer and
employee contributions)
Maternity Leave (unpaid), 18 weeks
Parental Leave (unpaid), 12 weeks
Supplementary Unemployment Benefits Plan for Maternity Leave (if eligible
for   UIC)
Medical Services Plan "(employee paid)
Extended Health Benefits Coverage
*(only available if enrolled in
medicalcoverage, employer paid)
• Dental Plan Coverage (employer paid)
• Vacation: two weeks with pay taken
within the year of appointment
• Out-of-province waiting period of three
It is recognized that some PDFs wish to
obtain teaching experience. It is also
recognized that PDFs are an intellectual resource in the University and that
both undergraduate and graduate programs benefit from their participation.
PDFs may be involved in undergraduate and graduate lecturing, laboratory
instruction, tutorials, supervision of
undergraduate projects, and assistance
with the supervision of graduate students.
PDFs should discuss their desire to
participate in the teaching activities
of the department with their faculty
member-supervisor and with the
Head of Department. In cases of
formal assignment of teaching duties, the Department Head should
appoint the PDF as a Postdoctoral
Teaching Fellow. Heads should check
in advance of making the appointment about any granting agency restrictions to the amount of teaching
that can be assigned to the PDF.
Grievances and Complaints
Most problems are resolved by the faculty member-supervisor and the PDF.
Unresolved problems may be brought
in confidence to the attention of the
Department Head. If an issue cannot
be resolved by the Department Head, it
may be brought in confidence to the
attention of the Dean. The Dean ofthe
Faculty of Graduate Studies may act as
an Ombudsperson in any dispute of a
serious nature where a neutral third
party may be required. PDFs who are
working in a location remote from the
department are informed by the supervisor or Departmental Administrator
as to how and to whom a complaint
may be directed.
Publication of research and development of a patentable or licensable
product are the typical standards of
achievement. It is expected that PDFs
will be appropriately recognized for
their contributions in publications
and patents. It is the responsibility
of the faculty member-supervisor to
develop a clear understanding of
rights and obligations under the policies on Research, Patents and Conflict of Interest with the PDF at the
start of employment.
Faculty member-supervisors should
give reasonable (normally 3 months)
notice to a PDF on the intention to
renew or not to renew an appointment.
On the recommendation ofthe supervisor, the appointment of a PDF may be
terminated at any time with one month's
notice for each year of service.
Position Context
PDFs are generally regarded as advanced research trainees and are
treated accordingly in such matters as
departmental communications, social
interaction and consultation about
matters affecting them. Any PDF may
apply in open competition for a faculty
position. UBC Reports • October 19, 1995 7
Policy and Procedure Handbook addition:
f Policy on Posting of Notices, Posters and Signs
In order to enhance the beauty and
environment quality of the UBC Campus, promote campus communications
through a systematic notice posting
approach, and avoid unnecessary maintenance costs, safety hazards, and
visual pollution caused by the indiscriminate posting of notices, posters,
banners, and like material, the following regulations will apply to the affixing
of such material in and around University facilities. Separate regulations for
such activities are in effect for the Student Union Building and facilities under the control of the Department of
Housing and Conferences. Under no
conditions may posters or unauthorized signs be attached to walls of corridors, classrooms, or public spaces or
attached to equipment.
Building Interiors
Any posters, notices or signs which
constitute a safety hazard such as
those posted on fire doors or covering
fire-hose cabinets or fire extinguishers will be removed and the offender
fined $500.
l.It is the policy of the University to
provide sufficient notice boards
throughout its buildings to provide a
reasonable amount of space for the
posting of notices required for the official purposes of academic, non-academic, and student activities. These
notice boards must meet building and
fire code standards. For more information, contact Campus Planning and
2. Building notice boards are under the
control ofthe department or other unit
in whose area they are located.
3.Notices and other material may be
posted only on the notice boards provided and only when approved by the
controlling Department or other unit.
Posting and removal guidelines are
established by the department or unit.
Building Exteriors
1. Notices, posters, bills, or like materials will not be attached to building
2. In very special circumstances and only
with approval of the Department of
Plant  Operations,  banners  may be
hung on University facilities. In that
event, the size, method of attachment,
and duration of exhibition must be
discussed and agreed upon with the
Department of Plant Operations prior
to installation.
University Grounds
1. Limited notice board space will be
available on campus grounds for posters and signs. Material may be placed
on the notice boards as space is available. These notice boards will be monitored by the Department of Plant Operations which will periodically remove
material that is duplicated, has had
exposure for a reasonable time or whose
expiry date is past.
2. No material shall be attached to trees,
lamp standards, grounds furniture or
statuary, traffic controls, building
signs, directional signs, warning signs
or other fixtures.
3. No notices, flyers, bills, or such materials are to be placed on vehicles
parked on University grounds, or in
parking lots or parkades. Exceptions to this regulation must be discussed with and approved by the
Parking & Security Services Department. Cost of clean-up associated with such distribution will
be charged to the person or organization responsible.
4. In accordance with Policy #98, signs
from commercial enterprises are not
permitted without the prior approval
ofthe Vice President responsible for
the area.
5. Temporary traffic directional signs
(e.g. concerts, "Storm the Wall") are
authorized through Parking and Security Services.
6. Permanent signage, including building signage, is authorized through
the Department of Campus Planning and Development.
The Department of Plant Operations
has been instructed to remove all
posters, signs, notices, and similar
material that have not been placed in
accordance with these regulations.
Any costs incurred for their removal
or for the repair of damage caused by
unauthorized placement will be
charged to the persons or organizations responsible.
The University of British Columbia
Second to None
Service Through Excellence
'To be a world renowned Institution of Higher Education and Research"
When the University of British Columbia was founded in 1915, it was expected that
it would serve virtually all of the postsecondary education requirements of the
province. Today, a comprehensive system of higher education is evolving. UBC has
become a full fledged multiversity of 32,000 students, including a well developed
graduate enrolment of 6,650 and continues to educate students from all parts ofthe
province and beyond.
At the same time, the university has built a national and international reputation for
excellence in research. With annual external research funding of $ 130 million, UBC
is consistently regarded as one ofthe top three universities in Canada, and ranks with
the best state-supported universities of the United States.
The path for the future is clearly marked. It is the mission of the university that it
continue to be one ofthe best universities in Canada, if not the best, and among the
best in North America; that its stature as a research intensive university will grow;
and that it will continue to serve the province as a mainspring for economic, social
and cultural development.
To respond to the pressures for greater enrolment and readier access for students
from around the province, UBC has been actively involved with a number of colleges
for the delivery of degree completion programs, and will continue to assist in the
development of new institutions.
The University ended the year with an unappropriated fund deficit of $651,000. Total
General Purpose Operating (GPO) income increased to $360.0 million (see Table 3),
a 2.3% increase over the preceding year. GPO income to the University is derived from
four sources: provincial grants, credit and non-credit tuition fee income, income from
investments and miscellaneous income. The distribution of expenditures between
academic and support services over the last 6 years has remained constant.
The provincial government base operating grant was reduced by $2.2 million in fiscal
1994/95. There was no provision for inflation in the grant. In addition to the base
grant, the university received the following:
• the second of three equal installments totaling $1 million to restore funds removed
by the province when responsibility for maintenance of space in the teaching
hospitals was transferred from the University to the Ministry of Health;
• $2.1 million to fund the costs of pay equity obligations to support staff;
• a further $4.5 million for enrollment growth; and
Operating Funds
Designated Funds *
Government Grants
$   272.7
Government Grants
$   201.0
$   180.1
Tuition ■ Credit
Tuition ■ Non-credit
Non-government Grants
Investment Income
Student Fees
Ancillary Sales
$   360.0
Investment Income
$   466.8
$   358.5
Salaries and Benefits
$   291.5
Salaries and Benefits
$    121.5
$   113.9
Travel, Field Trips, Moving
Travel, Field Trips, Moving
Library Acquisitions
Library Acquisitions
Supplies and Expenses
Supplies and Expenses
Furniture and Equipment
Furniture and Equipment
Renovations and Alterations
Renovations and Alterations
Scholarships, Fellowships, Bursaries
Scholarships, Fellowships, Bursaries
6.5 ;
Professional Fees
Professional Fees
Cost Recoveries
Cost of Sales
$   356.4
Debt Servicing
Building Contracts
Contribution to Endowment Principal
Excess (Deficiency) of Revenue
$   447.5
$   387.5
Excess of Revenue Over Expenses
$       3.6
Over Expenses
$     19.3
S    (29.0)
• Designated Funds include the Specific Purpose Fund, the Sponsored Research Fund, Ancillary Enterprises, Capital Fund, and
the Endowment Principal Fund.
Facts and Figures - 1995
Student Enrollment
Graduate Programs 6,650
'.. !rlnder9r?duate Programs     25,500 _    (replacement cost) $2.3 Billion
Full-time Faculty 1,954
Non-faculty Support Staff 5,500
Land (UBC Campus - Hectares)     402
Buildings 8 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
Table 1
Total Revenue by Source
for the year ended March 31, 1995
(millions of dollars)
Province of BC 382 (46.2%)
3ov't. of Canada 89 (10.8%)
Sales & Services 100 (12.1-b)
oans & Other Govt.  17 (2 1%)
lonations 69 (8.3%)
nvestment Income 23 (2.8%)
Non Gov't. Grants 65 (7 8%)
Student Fees 82 (9.9%
Total Revenue $827
Table 2
Total Expenses by Category
for the year ended March 31, 1995
(millions of dollars)
Salaries 362 (45.0%)
Debt Servicing 44 (5.5%)
Travel, Field Trips.
Moving 20 (2.4%)
Endowment Additions 56 (7.0%)
Renovations 36 (4.5'
Supplies & Expenses 61  (7.6%
Other 70 (8.7%)
enefits 51  (6 4%)
Furniture & Equipment 23 (2.9%)
"Building Contracts 52 (6.5%)
Costs of Goods Sold 29 (3.7%)
Othe'Includes Library Acquisitions 10
Total Expenses $804
i '0 Other Age'
,;il Recovonos
Table 3
General Purpose Operating Fund
Revenue by Source
for the year ended March 31, 1995
(millions of dollars)
Province ol B.C.  273 (75.7%)
nvestment Income  5  (1.5°4
Student Fees  (Non-credit)
17  (4.7%)
tudenl Fees- Credit 62 (17 3°,
Miscellaneous 3 (0 8%)
Total General Purpose Operating Fund Revenue by Source S360
Table 4
General Purpose Operating Fund
Expenses by Category
for the year ended March 31, 1995
(millions of dollars)
Benefits 39 (10 9%)
Salaries 252 (70.8°/.
Travel. Field Tups Mo>
Professional Fees
Scholarships. Fellowships
ursanes 9 (2 5%l
upplies & Expenses 24 (6.8%)
brary Acquisitions 9  (2.6%)
tilities 12 (3.4%)
urniture & Equipment 9 (2.6%)
Other 2 (0.6%)
Total General Purpose Operating Fund Expenses by Category $356
• $1.6 million for graduate student support.
Total provincial GPO support in 1994/95 was $272.7 million.
Credit tuition fee income rose to $62.3 million, a 4.6% increase over the preceding
year. This is represented by a 7.7% increase in tuition fees, a 2.8% increase in FTE
graduate enrollments and a 2.0% decrease in undergraduate enrollments.
Non-credit tuition fee income decreased to $17.0 million, a 3.4% drop from last year.
Non-credit courses are offered through UBC Continuing Studies which is comprised
ofthe departments ofthe Centre for Continuing Education, UBC Access and the Office
of Extra Sessional Studies. Non-credit courses are also offered by Continuing
Education in Health Sciences and the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
Salaries and benefits of $291.5 million account for 81.8% of total expenditures (see
Table 4).
Total spending for student scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries equaled $15.6
million, a $2.0 million increase from the previous year. The General Purpose
Operating Fund accounts for $1.7 million of this increase.
The Specific Purposes fund accounts for monies received for specific purposes as
stipulated by the donors or granting agencies and includes income earned on the
Endowment Principal Fund. The total revenue for this fund increased $5.8 million
to $52.1 million. There were significant increases in provincial grants and contracts,
bequests, donations and non-government grants. However, these were largely offset
by a major decrease in investment income which fell from $23.5 million in 1993/94
to $15.4 million in 1994/95.
The endowment funds have grown significantly over the last 10 years from $85.8
million to $303.7 million, a 257% increase (see Table 5). This Increase is attributable
primarily to the University's World of Opportunity fund raising campaign and UBC
Real Estate Corporation's leasing of university property for the construction of
market housing. Endowment funds include those at UBC ($268.5 million), and
endowments held, for the benefit of UBC, at the UBC Foundation ($20.2 million) and
at the Vancouver Foundation ($15 million).
rabies   Schedule of Endowment Funds
(millions of dollars)
□UBC   □Vancouver    aUBC
Foundation        Foundation
85/86 86/87 87/88 88/89 89/90 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95
Fiscal Year
Research funding at UBC increased to $130.0 million in 1994/95, a 4% increase over
last year. Over the last 10 years, research funding has increased by $70.4 million,
or 118.1% (see Table 6).
As funding from the National Granting Councils (currently nearly 50% of UBC's
research support) starts to decline, more research will be performed in collaboration
with industry. UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995 9
Table 6
Schedule of Total Sponsored
Research Revenue
(millions of dollars)
□ Research at UBC
□ Network research funds
distributed to other institutions
85/86 86/87 87/88 88/89 89/90 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95
Fiscal Year
In 1994/95, industry funding increased by nearly 50% to an all-time high of $20.3
million. Support from the two BC Granting Agencies (Science Council and BC
Health Research Foundation) continued to decline - levels are less than 50% of those
in 1992/93.
Ancillary Enterprises provide goods and services to the University community and are
expected to operate on a break even basis. Total revenue for the ancillaries increased
by $ 11.2 million from the preceding year to $98.4 million. $7.1 million of this increase
results from the addition of University Computing Services as an ancillary, and $2.2
million from increased Housing and Conferences revenue.
The UBC Bookstore is the largest university bookstore in Canada and the 8th largest
in North America. The Bookstore ended the year with a $449,000 surplus, reducing
its accumulated deficit from $803,000 to $354,000.
Table 7
Research Awards by Faculties
for the year ended March 31, 1995
(millions ot dollars)
Medicine 42  (32.3°/i
:Science 31   (24.1%)
lis  6  (4.2%)
"Graduate Studies 5 (4.0%)
orestry  5  (3.8%)
Other 27  (20.8%)
Applied Science  14 (10.8°.
Total Research Awards by Faculties $130
Parking Services revenue increased to $5.4 million in 1994/95, a 17.4% increase over
the previous year due to new parkade income and increases in parking rates. For the
seventh year, $100,000 of parking fine revenues went to support student aid.
Capital projects are funded by the provincial government, donations and Ancillary
Enterprises. Currently there are 9 construction projects underway costing $157.3
Capital Fund revenues increased $45.7 million to $114.5 million, due to an increase
in provincial grants of $15.9 million, $15.3 million in donations, and $14.3 million
in loans.
The loans are provided by the provincial government to fund ancillary capital
construction, including the Rose Garden Parkade and Thunderbird Housing.
Department of Plant Operations
The U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program was created in 1991 within the Department of
Plant Operations. Its formation was the result of increased public concern over the
long-term environmental effects of solid waste disposal and resource over-consumption. The Waste Reduction Program currently runs a campus-wide paper and
cardboard recycling operation, coordinates multi-material recycling activities in
student residences and most importantly provides education, information and advice
on waste reduction to the U.B.C. community.
The people behind the U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program are:
• John Metras - Waste Reduction Coordinator
• Mary Jean O'Donnell - Operations Coordinator
• Bernard Dick, Kenneth Durrer, Albert Segar - Recycling Crew
Program Mission
To initiate, coordinate and promote waste reduction, reuse, recycling and composting
activities at the University of British Columbia, with the ultimate aim to make waste
reduction and resource conservation an integral part of campus life.
Program Goals
• To raise awareness and understanding in the University community of the
principles, practices and benefits of waste reduction and resource conservation.
• To provide comprehensive, cost effective recycling and composting services to the
University community.
• To act as a catalyst and resource for waste reduction initiatives undertaken by
campus departments and student organizations.
• To monitor, record and communicate waste reduction progress at U.B.C. so that
the campus community can see the results of its waste reduction efforts.
• To act as a stakeholder in the development of University policy regarding
conservation and sustainability.
• To maintain associations with business, government, environmental organizations and other educational institutions in order to benefit from an exchange of
ideas on waste reduction.
The U.B.C. community continued to make positive waste reduction progress in 1994/
95. The quantity of solid waste sent for disposal declined 6% from the previous year
and material diverted to recycling and composting increased 26%. These results,
outlined in Table 1 below, can be directly attributed to several new waste reduction
and recycling initiatives implemented during the year - the Waste Free UBC program,
the Residence Eco-Depot recycling program and the Green Bin cardboard recycling
Disposed (tonnes)
Recycled/Composted (tonnes)
Total Waste Generated
% Recycled & Composted
Campus Population (FTE)
Waste Disposed per Capita (kg/person)
% Reduction in Waste Disposed per
(from 1990/91 baseline)
Table 1, Waste Reduction Summary
U.B.C. now recycles and composts 27% of its solid waste stream. The positive waste
reduction and recycling trend at U.B.C. since 1990/91 is clearly illustrated in Chart 1.
50% Waste Reduction Goal
The waste reduction goal set by the Government of British Columbia states that the
per capita disposal rate in the year 2000 should be reduced to 50% of the 1990 per
capita waste generation rate (disposed+recycled+composted). This target has been
adopted by regional and municipal governments across the province and is the
minimum standard by which waste reduction progress at U.B.C. will be measured.
The waste generation rate at U.B.C. in 1990/91 equaled 134 kg/person. Four years
out from this baseline the disposal rate stands at 99 kg/person. Thus U.B.C. has
achieved a 26% reduction in per capita waste disposal according to B.C. Ministry of
Environment criteria. 10 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
Chart 1
U.B.C. Solid Waste
3 5 0 i
2 0 0 I
1990/9 1
199 1/92
Waste Accounting Changes
It should be noted that a number of changes have been made in our waste accounting
system over the past year. These changes have in some cases significantly altered
data from the 1993/94 report but were made for the sake of accuracy. They include:
Removal of Vancouver Hospital (UBC Site) Waste Data - Waste data for the Vancouver
Hospital (UBC Site) has been removed from the UBC statistics. UBC handles garbage
from the hospital on a contract basis but has no control over waste management
practices within the hospital.
Recalculation of Campus Population - Students are now counted on a full time
equivalent (FTE) basis rather than by total headcount. a practice which inflated the
overall campus population.
Recalculation of Grounds Waste Composting Data - The estimate for grounds waste
composting has been lowered to 200 tonnes/year. The previous estimate of 1000
tonnes, calculated by Resource Integration Systems in its 1991 campus waste audit,
was determined to be unrealistic. The revised grounds waste estimate is based on an
annual volume of 1000 - 1200 cubic metres.
Waste Free U.B.C.
The Waste Free U.B.C. program has now been implemented in over 25 departments
on campus including the President's Office, the Alma Mater Society and the Main
Library. Waste Free U.B.C. is an action-oriented education program that makes
individuals responsible for the waste they generate and challenges them to reduce
that waste. The key component of this program is the elimination of deskside garbage
collection. Garbage and recyclables must now be taken to central waste stations
located in lunchrooms or photocopier rooms. Individuals receive special containers
for this purpose. The Waste Free system forces people to become aware ofthe waste
that they personally create and typically results in increased levels of waste reduction
and recycling participation.
Eco-Depot Recycling Program.
The new Eco-Depot Recycling Program was set up in campus residences over the
summer of 1994. A total of 37 depots now serve approximately 7,500 residents. Each
depot has separate Eco-Bins for mixed paper products, newsprint and commingled
containers (plastic, metal, glass). The program was greeted with much enthusiasm.
Approximately 90 tonnes of material was collected in the first 6 months of the
program, a huge increase over past residence recycling efforts. International Paper
Industries, a local recycling company, has been contracted to provide collection
service for the program. The Waste Reduction Program, in collaboration with the
Department of Housing, administers the contract and provides education and
information support.
Green Bin Cardboard Recycling Program
The new cardboard collection system was successfully implemented in the fall of
1994. This system employs the Plant Operations compactor truck to collect
cardboard from specially marked green bins. There are now green bins at 30 locations
across campus. Currently, the revenue obtained from the sale of cardboard offsets
the cost of collection.
Purchasing Initiatives
The Waste Reduction Program worked closely this year with the Department of
Purchasing in an effort to build environmental criteria into the contract tendering
process. Progress was made on the fine paper and chemical contracts. In the instance
of the paper contract, a cooperative promotional campaign was arranged with the
vendor to encourage the use of recycled content paper on campus.
Paper and Cardboard Recycling
The Waste Reduction Program operates a campus-wide paper and cardboard
recycling program. The total quantity of paper and cardboard recycled through this
system in 1994/95 was 611 tonnes, an increase of 14% over the previous year.
Materials collected include: fine paper, mixed paper, newsprint, magazines, hard
cover books, telephone books and cardboard. The Waste Reduction Program also
offers confidential document shredding services on a fee for service basis. Paper and
cardboard recycling totals at U.B.C. since 1990/91 are shown in Chart 2.
Multi-Material Recycling
Multi-material recycling refers to "Blue Box" type programs in which a wide range of
different recyclable materials are collected. These materials typically include:
newsprint, mixed paper products, plastic containers, metal cans and glass bottles.
Multi-material recycling of some form is available in all U.B.C. residences and food
service outlets and at the Student Union Building.
The total quantity of material collected through these programs in 1994/95 was 211
tonnes - up 125% from the previous year. This large increase was mainly due to
implementation ofthe Eco-Depot recycling program in campus residences. Recognition must also go to the U.B.C. Food Group and the Alma Mater Society for their can
& bottle recycling efforts in campus food outlets. Multi-material recycling program
totals at U.B.C. since 1990/91 are shown in Chart 2.
Grounds Waste Composting
The Department of Plant Operations has been composting grounds waste at U.B.C.
for many years. Approximately 1000 - 1200 cubic metres of garden waste, leaves.
grass cuttings, tree primings, brush, dead fall and stumps are diverted to the South
Campus compost piles each year. This represents about 200 tonnes of organic
material.   Finished compost is used as a soil amendment on the campus grounds.
Food Waste Composting
Several pilot food waste composting projects have been undertaken on campus over
the past year. Bio Resource Engineering continues to collect food waste from the
Student Union Building for several composting research projects. The AMS also
contracts with a local hauling company (BFI) for collection of kitchen waste at the
SUB. This material is transported to the Envirowaste composting facility in
Aldergrove. UBC Food Group is considering this program as well. Approximately 12
tonnes of campus food waste was collected for composting in 1994/95.
Other Recycling Initiatives
There are a wide variety of materials collected at U.B.C. for recycling which have so
far escaped classification in this report.  These materials include:
• used office furniture,  lab equipment  and computers collected by the Surplus
Equipment Recycling Facility (SERF) for resale.
• gypsum wallboard collected by Plant Operations during building renovations.   10
tonnes of gypsum was collected for recycling in 1994/95.
• scrap metal collected by SERF and Plant Operations.  103 tonnes of scrap metal was
collected for recycling in 1994/95.
• motor oil, oil filters, antifreeze, vehicle batteries, and tires collected from the Plant
Operations garage.
• photocopier and laser printer toner cartridges collected by individual departments
across campus in manufacturer sponsored recycling programs.
• fluorescent tubes collected by the Plant Operations Electrical Shop. This program
was initiated in March 1995.
• styrofoam packing chips collected in various labs across campus. These chips are
reused by a local shipping company.
• mattresses collected by U.B.C. Housing from student residences. These are either
reused at the U.B.C. Research Forest or sent to a local reupholster.
A summary of the quantities of material recycled and composted in 1994/95 is
provided in Table 2.
Breakdown by Program
Breakdown by Material
Paper & Cardboard
Scrap Metal
Containers (metal,
plastic)    79
Scrap Metal
Food Waste
Grounds Waste
Food Waste
Grounds Waste
Table 2, Quantities of Material Recycled/Composted in 1994/95
End Markets for Recycled Material from U.B.C.
Waste materials collected at U.B.C. are recycled into a variety of useful products.
Examples of these products are provided in Table 3 along with the companies involved
in hauling, brokering and processing the recycled material. Our waste is a resource!
Public Communication
A variety of media were used to convey the waste reduction and resource conservation
message to the campus community in 1994/9.5.  These included:
Waste Reduction Action Kit
Published Annual Report
Newspaper Articles
Information Sessions
Internet Gopher Site (ViewUBC)
Information Pamphlets
Recycling Area Monitors
Residence Recycling Representatives
Implementation of the Waste Free U.B.C. program has also offered an excellent
opportunity to communicate directly with staff and faculty. The challenge in the
coming year will be to develop communication programming that is better aimed at
Community Involvement
In an effort to promote waste reduction objectives within the University community
and to stay current with developments in the external community, the Waste UBC Reports • October 19, 1995 11
End Market
End Products
B.C. - Island Paper, Crown Packaging
photocopy paper, tissue paper.
Int'l Paper Industries
U.S. - James River Paper, Ore.
linerboard, egg cartons.
China. Korea. Philippines. Taiwan
roofing paper, ceiling tiles
B.C. - Newstech
newsprint, telephone books.
Int'l Paper Industries
China, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan
B.C. - Crown Packaging
boxboard. linerboard
Int'l Paper Industries
China, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan
Int'l Paper Industries
B.C. - Consumers Glass
bottles, jars, architectural blocks
Regional Recycling
Alta. - Vitreous Environmental
and tile, drain rock
Int'l Paper Industries
Ont. - Alcan.
cans, auto parts, steel beams.
Regional Recycling
U.S. - MRI Corp, Wash.
industrial products
Richmond Steel
Int'l Paper Industries
B.C. - Merlin Plastics.
non-food containers, auto parts.
- —
Eco Superwood
carpets, fleece jackets,
plastic wood products
New West Gypsum
B.C. - New West Gypsum
gypsum wallboard
The Packaging Depot
B.C. - The Packaging Depot
reused packing material
Packing Chips
                   .       .                   	
.             ...                              	
Laser Toner
Benndorf Verster.Tenex Data
B.C. - Benndorf Verster. Tenex
remanufactured cartridges
  .                             —             	
Nu Life Industries
B.C. - Nu Life Industries
mercury, aluminum
Value Mattress
B.C. - Value Mattress
B.C. - Innovative Waste Technologies,
remanufactured mattresses
rubber mats, paving bricks.
Action Tire
Used Oil
Northwest Rubber Mats
B.C. - Mohawk Oil
running tracks, mud guards
re-refined motor oil
Used Oil Collection
Oil Filters
Laidlaw Environmental Servic<
5S U.S. - Filter Recycling Services, Ca.
B.C. - Metalex Products
re-refined motor oil, metal, rubber
lead, plastic
recycled anti-freeze
Batteries Unlimited
Recycle West
Alta. - Canadian Oil Reclaimers
Table 3, End Markets for Recycled Material from U.B.C.
Reduction Program is actively involved in a number of working groups, committees
and associations. These include:
U.B.C. Community Recycling Group - a collaboration of campus departments and
student groups formed to address waste management issues at the university.
U.B.C. Environmental Programs Advisory Committee - a committee formed by the
Department of Health. Safety and Environment to review and make recommendations on U.B.C. activities and progress related to environmental compliance.
U.B.C. Hazardous Waste Management Team - a working group organized by the
Department of Health, Safety and Environment to address reduction and recycling
of chemical waste at U.B.C.
U.B.C. Sustainable Development Policy Committee - an administrative committee
formed to develop University policy on ecological sustainability.
U.B.C. Greening the Campus Program - an educational program in which students
receive academic credit for real-life projects aimed at ecological improvement ofthe
campus community.
G.V.R.D. Ixxzal Solid Waste Advisory Committee - a committee of local stakeholders
created to provide input on the Greater Vancouver Regional District's new solid waste
management plan.
Recycling Council of British Columbia - a non-profit society dedicated to the promotion
of waste reduction, recycling and ecological sustainability in British Columbia.
The net cost for Waste Reduction Program activities in 1994/95 was $196,415. This
included administration, operating and capital expenditures minus material and
collection revenues. Increased revenue from the sale of recycled paper and cardboard
helped to reduce total costs by 24% over the past year. A summary of program costs
is provided in Table 4.
7.0  NEW PROJECTS FOR 1995/96
New Recycling Collection System
A new recycling collection system, that will meet the University's needs into the next
century, has been designed and approved for implementation at U.B.C. in 1996. This
new system will employ wheeled carts in combination with an automatic side loading
vehicle to collect mixed paper, as well as commingled containers (metal cans, glass
& plastic bottles), from individual campus buildings. The new system will increase
recycling capacity by a factor of 2.5,
reduce operating costs by more than 50%
and significantly improve worker safety
by reducing manual handling of material. Equipment specification and purchasing will be undertaken during the
1995/96 fiscal year. Roll-out ofthe new
program will take place over the summer
of 1996.
Acadia Composting Pilot Project
The Waste Reduction Program has organized a composting pilot project in the
Acadia Park Residence for 1995/96. The
main component of this project will involve the testing of an innovative
composting unit called "Beulah". Thisin-
vessel compost er was designed and manufactured by Community Alternatives, a
local non-profit group. The Beulah will
compost food waste from the Acadia High
Rise and yard waste from the Acadia
Community Garden. The finished compost will be used in the garden. Participants in the project include: Acadia
Garden Committee, Community Alternatives, UBC Housing and the UBC Waste
Reduction Program.
Fluorescent Lamp Recycling
The Department of Plant Operations has
initiated a pilot program to collect used
fluorescent lamps for recycling. The lamps
will be sent to Nu Life Industries in
Aldergrove where mercury, aluminum and
glass will be recovered for secondary use.
Fluorescent lamps have been identified
as an environmental concern because
they contain mercury (25-50 mg mercury
per 4 foot lamp). Some U.S. states have
banned fluorescent lamps from solid
waste disposal streams. This program
was implemented in late March 1995 and
is administered and funded by the Waste
Reduction Program.
8.0 OBJECTIVES FOR 1995/96
• Increase awareness ofthe waste reduction and resource conservation issues
through newspaper articles, posters.
Internet listing, public presentations and
participation at community events such
as Open House and Environment Week.
• Improve quality of promotional and
educational material in order to increase interest and participation in
waste reduction and recycling programs.
• Continue implementation of the Waste
Free U.B.C. program in administrative
departments and begin expansion of
the program into academic departments.
• Collaborate with the Department of
Purchasing to promote recycled content products, waste conscious procurement ("pre-eycling") and vendor
responsibility for packaging waste.
• Improve and expand recycling collection during the periods of high waste
generation at the beginning and end of
the academic year.
• Develop a detailed proposal for an integrated composting system at U.B.C. to
handle both grounds waste and food
• Continue development of formal waste
management plan for the University.
This plan will focus on each component
of the waste stream and outline material specific waste reduction strategies.
• Work with the Recycling Council of
B.C. to promote province-wide programs, such as manufacturers responsibility and an expanded deposit /refund system, which will help U.B.C.
reduce its waste.
If you have any questions, comments or
suggestions with regard to waste reduction and recycling at U.B.C. please contact John Metras of the U.B.C. Waste
Reduction Program at 822-3827 (e-mail:
recycle@unixg. ubc.ca).
Program Management
Paper and Cardboard Recycling
Multi-Material Recycling
Food Waste Composting
Waste Reduction Education & Promotion
Program Operating Cost
Capital Expenditures
Total Program Cost
Avoided Landfill Charges ($69/tonne)
Chart 2       U.B.C. Recycling Programs
70 0,
6 00
50 0
1990/9 1
199 1/92
Table 4, Waste Reduction Program Costs 12 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
October 19, 1995
Dear Colleagues:
At its meeting of January 26, 1995, the Board ofGovernors approved the
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment. As a condition of its approval, the
Board requested that the University Administration report to the Board at six
months on the effectiveness of the new Policy.
The accompanying report summarizes Equity Office activities related to the
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment during January through June 1995.
This report discusses educational and informational activities as well as procedures for complaint processing and complaint resolution. In addition, this report
makes recommendations to improve the effectiveness ofthe Policy and the Equity
During the inaugural six months of UBC's Policy on Discrimination and
Harassment, the Equity Office received 87 new cases. Of these new cases only one
remained under formal investigation as of June 1995: the others were addressed
by complainants themselves, resolved informally through Equity Advisor intervention, or not pursued.
I urge you to discuss this report with your colleagues and to send your
comments to Dr. Sharon E. Kahn, Associate Vice-president, Equity, c/o President's Office. Thank you.
David W. Strangway
In the Spring of 1994, the University merged four equity-related concerns—employment equity, multicultural liaison, sexual harassment, and women and gender
relations—into a single Equity Office. This office, which is directed by an Associate
Vice-president, Equity, and staffed by 3.5 Equity Advisors, coordinates initiatives to
promote employment and educational equity and to prevent discrimination and
harassment, including sexual harassment. Specifically, this office maintains UBC's
Employment Equity Plan and employment equity census, offers education and
training on employment and educational equity to the campus at large, processes and
facilitates resolution of complaints of discrimination and harassment, and provides
support for Administrative Heads of Unit confronted by cases of alleged discrimination and harassment.
The work ofthe Equity Office draws direction from three key documents: the Policy
on Employment Equity (1990). the Employment Equity Plan (1991), and the Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment (1995). The Policy on Discrimination and Harassment, which conforms to principles established by the B.C. Human Rights Act (1992),
evolved through a comprehensive review of procedures used for complaint processing
under the previous sexual harassment policy (1988) and through campus-wide
consultation. In January, 1995, UBC's Board of Governors approved the Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment, and requested that the Equity Office report on the
first six months of policy implementation.
The following report summarizes Equity Office activities during the inaugural six
months of UBC's Policy on Discrimination and Harassment, January through June
Education and Training
To implement UBC's Policies on Employment Equity and on Discrimination and
Harassment, the Equity Office offers education and training to all members of the
UBC community. Offerings include formal presentations, consultations on equity-
related projects, workshops, and skill-development sessions.
During the first six months of 1995, Equity Office staff delivered talks at union and
staff-association meetings, at gatherings of deans and the Board of Governors, and
at faculty fora and retreats. As well, the office made presentations, including lectures
in credit and non-credit courses, to numerous academic faculties, schools, and
departments, as well as to non-academic units and to University advisory committees. Staff met with the Faculty Association Ad Hoc Committee on Lesbians and Gays,
and with numerous student groups, including Color Connected and Third Culture.
Working in conjunction with Human Resources' Managerial and Other Skills Training
program (MOST), the Equity Office made presentations at orientation sessions for
new UBC employees, led several workshops for administrators on selection interviewing, and participated in courses on disability awareness.
The Equity Office also developed a workshop for student-service units and presented
a series of training sessions on discrimination and harassment awareness. During
May and June, two hundred UBC administrators, staff, faculty, and students
participated in these training sessions. Over 90 percent of participants rated these
workshops overall as "very good"  to "excellent" and reported  that they would
recommend the workshop to others.
In addition, the office provided skills-training in complaint handling, alternate
dispute resolution, and conflict management to many campus groups, including
student society executives, social-work field-instructors, and students and faculty in
Medicine. Skills-training in these areas also were demonstrated to non-UBC organizations, and at provincial and national conferences. In addition. Equity Office staff
frequently responded to media requests for information and interviews, particularly
concerning the report on the Department of Political Science.
Moreover, the office consulted with government officials and with students, faculty,
and staff—both from UBC and from other institutions of higher learning—over equity
and human rights issues, and policies and procedures for complaint resolution.
Examples of recent consultations include assistance to faculties and departments in
developing internal complaint processes, producing a video series on human rights,
and drafting guidelines for appropriate behaviour on field trips. Another on-going
project that extends to every campus unit concerns the development of unit equity
plans consistent with UBC's overall equity objectives. This project has been undertaken in conjunction with the President's Advisory Committee on Equity and in
support of UBC's Employment Equity Plan.
Complaint Processing Procedures
In addition to Education and Training, the Equity Office engages in Complaint
Processing Procedures. These procedures begin with initial interviews in which
Equity Advisors and contact persons (a Complainant or a Third-party) discuss the
problems that have led them to seek out the Equity Office. If the contact person's
concerns fall within the terms of UBC's Policy on Discrimination and Harassment,
and the Equity Office concludes that the complaint is reasonable and offered in good
faith, then the Equity Office offers information on possible routes to achieving a
satisfactory resolution. These routes involve varying degrees of Equity Office participation, ranging from informal assistance, such as suggesting ways that a Complainant may discuss his or her concerns directly with the Respondent, to guiding the
Complainant through a structured procedure involving a formal investigation and
Consultations with an Equity Advisor are confidential, and Equity Advisors act only
on the direction and with the consent ofthe contact person. The only exception occurs
when the Advisor believes that others' safety is at risk. In such situations, the
University must intervene. To date, there have been no cases in which Advisors have
taken action or proceeded to investigate complaints without the direction and consent
of the persons who initially contacted the office.
Who Contacts the Equity Office?
From January to June 1995, the Equity Office received 87 new cases alleging
discrimination or harassment. This number of new contacts (on average, 14 or 15
each month) is similar to the number of cases received monthly under the previous
sexual harassment policy, and does not include on-going cases that pre-date
Table 1 presents the number of Complainant, Respondent, and Third-party contacts
who made initial contacts with the Equity Office.
Table 1
Persons contacting the UBC Equity Office (n=87)
Complainants 58 (67%)
Individuals with complaints
Third parties
Administrators 9 (10%)
Others who witnessed or heard about
discriminatory or harassing behaviour 17 (20%)
Individuals who contacted the Equity Office
because they believed that their behaviour
might have been discriminatory or harassing   3 (3%)
Ofthe 87 concerns brought to the attention ofthe Equity Office, 23 were not covered
by the mandate ofthe Policy. Situations are non-mandated for a variety of reasons:
• they occur off-campus and in non-work- and study-related circumstances;
• they occur outside the time limit specified in the Policy;
• the Complainant or Respondent is not a UBC student, faculty, or staff member;
• the complaint does not fall under one of the protected grounds specified in the
Under any of these conditions, individuals who contact the Equity Office may not
access the formal procedures established by the Policy on Discrimination and
Harassment. However, because most non-mandated situations, such as students
encountering harassment off-campus or employees being harassed by supervisors
for reasons unrelated to the grounds protected under the Policy, are of serious
concern, the Equity Office on occasion does provide these Complainants with
informal advice and referral services.
What is the Context of the Complaints?
People study, work, play, and live at the University, and each of these activities can
be compromised by discriminatory practices or harassing conduct. Table 2 reveals
that during the current reporting period, 43% ofthe complaints received by the Equity
Office cited settings such as classrooms, faculty or graduate student offices, and
research laboratories. Complaints about discrimination and harassment in employment settings constituted 38% of reported situations, whereas complaints about
conflict in social situations were reported in 14% ofthe complaints. Relatively few
complaints originated from campus residences or athletic areas, two domains with
strict guidelines on acceptable conduct. UBC Reports • October 19, 1995 13
Table 2
Contexts in which discrimination and harassment complaints arose
Percentage of
complaints (n = 87)
Who Complains about Whom?
Gender of Complainants and Respondents
Table 3 shows that females brought forward 77% of complaints to the Equity Office
and that males were Respondents in 83% of complaints.
Table 3
Sex of known Complainants and Respondents in discrimination
and harassment complaints
(n = 84)
(n = 77)
Mixed Group
65 (77%)
18 (21%)
1 ( 1%)
11 (14%)
64 (83%)
2 ( 2%)
More specifically. Table 4 reveals that females presented concerns about the conduct
of males (61% of complaints) eight times more than the conduct of other females (7%).
In comparison, males complained about other males (13%) twice as much as they
complained about the conduct of females (6%). This information is based on only
those cases where the identity of both the Complainant and the Respondent were
known. Thus, while most of the complaints reflected a pattern of males harassing
females, a fair number of complaints at UBC involved conflicts between members of
the same sex, and as well, a few situations involved complaints that men directed
against women.
Table 4
Sex of Complainants as compared
in discrimination and harassment
to sex of Respondents
Sex of
Sex of
Percentage of
* In some cases, the identity of either the Complainant or Respondent
is unknown, or the complaint is systemic and concerns an entire unit.
Thus, percentages do not add to 100%.
University Position of Complainants and Respondents
Table 5 presents information about the UBC positions (student, staff, faculty) of
Complainants and Respondents. Students brought 45% ofthe reported complaints
(undergraduate students. 32%; graduate students. 13%). Students also constituted
26% of the Respondents in discrimination and harassment complaints. Similarly,
support staff were Complainants (21%) more often than they were Respondents
(13%). In contrast, members of faculty were cited most often as Respondents (41% of
complaints). Management and professional staff were Respondents in 9% of reported
situations, and brought forward only 3% ofthe complaints. Thus, those individuals
who occupy superior positions of rank relative to Complainants were more frequently
named as Respondents than were occupants of positions with less power; for
example, faculty were named as Respondents more frequently (41%) than were
students (26%).
Table 5
Position of Complainants and Respondents in discrimination
and harassment complaints
(n = 85)
(n = 78)
Undergraduate students
Graduate students
Support staff
Management/Professional staff
(e.g., campus visitors, former
students, employees of
independent student organizations)
Table 6 highlights that some pairs of Complainants and Respondents held similar
UBC rank or position. Students complained about other students nearly as much as
they did about faculty. Support staff also complained mostly about peers, as did
faculty. When a power difference occurs between individuals holding the same rank
or position, the source of the difference may be assumptions of superiority and
inferiority related to strength, fluency, cultural beliefs, or traditional gender norms.
For example, the belief that males should be aggressive in pursuing intimate
relationships may encourage men to make unwelcome sexual advances to women.
Table 6
Position   of  Complainants   in   relation   to   position   of  Respondents   ir
discrimination and harassment complaints
Complainant position
Respondent position                   cases*
Support staff
Support staff
Management/Professional staff
This table includes only cases where the Complainant and Respondent
are UBC students, staff, or faculty, and the position of both are known.
What are the Types of Complaints?
Table 7 separates complaints into the two general areas covered by the Policy—
harassment and discrimination—as well as into several specific categories. Most
complaints concerned harassment. As defined by the Policy, harassment involves
unwelcome visual, verbal, or physical conduct for which there is no bona fide and
reasonable justification. Such behaviour has a negative impact on an individual's
ability to work or study. In contrast, discrimination involves treatment that compromises the access, opportunity, or evaluation of an individual on the basis of a ground
protected by the Policy, such as ethnicity, sex, disability, age, sexual orientation, or
political belief.
Table 7
Number of discrimination and harassment complaints broken down by
general issue and specific category
Specific Category
of Complaint
Percentage of
total cases
(n = 87)*
Number of
Number of
Ethnic 16%
Sexual/Gender 69%
Disability 5%
Age 5%
Sexual Orientation 6%
Political Belief 1%
Non-mandated by
UBC Policy 21%
The total percentage of complaints exceeds 100)6 because some
complaints involved more than one category.
Harassment Complaints
Table 8 illustrates that whereas faculty complained most frequently about discriminatory treatment that limited opportunity, students complained most frequently
about harassment.
Table 8
Number of harassment and discrimination
broken down by position of Complainant
Complainant Position
Number of
Number of
Support staff
Management/Professional staff
33 (87%)
11 (61%)
3 (100%)
5 (38%)
5 (13%)
7 (39%)
8 (62%)
Table 9 breaks gender-based harassment complaints into three standard categories.
The first category, coercive "quid-pro-quo" harassment, involves harassment by a
person in power that takes the form of an offer of a reward for social companionship
or sexual favours, or a threat to deny opportunity as punishment for a refusal of social
companionship or sexual favours. During the first six months of 1995, coercive social
or sexual relationships were reported in 17% of harassment complaints.
Not all coercive social or sexual harassment complaints involved overt offers of reward
or threats. The Equity Office also received complaints of covert or subtle coercion for
social or sexual relations in circumstances where the power differential between the
parties prevented free consent. For example, a student who does not desire to
reciprocate a faculty member's social or sexual advances may not feel able to refuse
such attention. Whether or not the faculty member would retaliate if refused, the
student may perceive a threat to her or his future as a likely consequence of a refusal.
In some cases, students contacting the Equity Office reported that they accepted
faculty members' initial advances in the hope that their instructors eventually would
lose interest in further relations. Even when consensual sexual relationships
developed, students who contacted the Equity Office following unhappy outcomes of
such experiences with faculty members complained that coercion had been implicit
in such relationships.
A second type of harassment involved physical assault of a sexual or non-sexual
nature. Assault is alleged to have occurred in 16% of the harassment complaints
registered at the Equity Office from January through June 1995. Complaints of 14 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995
sexual assault included grabbing, touching, and acquaintance rape. In cases of
physical assault, Equity Advisors not only enable Complainants to seek redress
through University complaint processes, but also help them gain access to external
processes, such as filing criminal complaints with the police.
The third category of harassment complaints—poisoned environment—was cited
most often (67%). This category refers to conduct that creates a hostile work or study
environment for affected individuals. Conduct that falls into this category includes
sexist comments by voice, mail, or e-mail; unwelcome sexual propositions by peers:
sexual innuendo or banter; and suggestive posters in a work/study environment.
Some specific examples of poisoned-environment sexual-harassment are
• a male student's comments regarding the sexuality of a female classmate;
• a teaching assistant's display of scantily-dressed women in photographs on his
office door and desk;
• a male professor's brushing up against a female student while reviewing her
work or providing instruction;
• a faculty member staring at a student's breasts;
• a student's continuing proposition of a classmate after repeated rejections; and
• a faculty member's voicing demeaning and insulting remarks to members of one
Table 9
Nature of harassment complaints (n = 64)
Coercive, "quid-pro-quo" social
or sexual relationships
Sexual and non-sexual physical assault
Poisoned environment
(e.g., insulting verbal comments.
visual displays, or gestures)
Discrimination Complaints
Discriminatory treatment rather than harassment formed the basis of nearly twice as
many complaints in which ethnicity or race was an issue (nine as compared to five),
as well as three out of four disability-related complaints (see Table 7). The Equity
Office received complaints based on ethnicity or race (16%), physical or mental
disability (5%), age (5%), and sexual orientation (6%). Examples of these cases include
• a faculty member making disparaging remarks about a student's ethnicity,
—         • co-workers telling homophobic jokes in public, and
• a student with a disability complaining of an unfair disadvantage in class
Non-mandated Complaints
Finally, 21% of all complaints involved acts of harassment or discrimination that did
not fall under the mandate ofthe Policy. For example, the Policy does not offer redress
to persons subjected to disrespectful or offensive behaviour such as personally
demeaning comments (e.g.. a supervisor yelling "You're so stupid" at a staff member).
Such harassment, which is known as "personal harassment." frequently involves
supervisors who as a matter of course treat those in subordinate positions in a
demeaning and harassing manner. Although the Equity Office cannot offer formal
assistance in these circumstances. Equity Advisors provide complainants with a
variety of informal supports, including referrals to administrative routes.
Complaint Resolution Procedures
Not all harassing behaviour is intentional: clearly some Respondents engage in
harassing behaviours unaware of the impact their conduct may have on others.
Accordingly, the Equity Office strives to resolve complaints through a constructive
approach involving education, and to move on to more formal procedures only when
cooperative approaches fail.
—*■ Informal Resolution
Of complaints accepted by the Equity Office, nearly all were either addressed by
Complainants themselves; not pursued; or resolved informally through Equity
Advisor intervention. Administrative Head intervention, or a collaborative process
involving Equity Advisors, Administrative Heads of Unit, Respondents, and Complainants. Over half of the Complainants who visited the Equity Office did so for only
one or two sessions, and did not request an Equity Office intervention. Some people
came simply to inform the University of their situation, expressing no desire to pursue
further action; others sought information and advice on how they might address the
situations themselves.
In such cases, Equity Advisors discuss constructive ways of approaching the alleged
harasser and provide opportunities to prepare for these difficult interactions. For
instance, several female Complainants were able to prevent further unwanted sexual
propositions from co-workers after developing assertive ways of requesting that the
unwelcome attentions stop. Some women realized that they already were assertive
enough and needed to take further action. These women reported that knowing they
^. were supported in their efforts by UBC's Policy on Discrimination and Harassment
helped them to deal effectively with their situation.
For those Complainants who want to have their concerns addressed informally, but
who feel ill-prepared to confront the respondent or to talk with an Administrative Head
on their own, Equity Advisors offer several alternatives. First, if the Complainant
seeks some action that does not involve the Respondent—for example, students who
want to transfer course sections—an Equity Advisor can direct or accompany them
-«--   to the appropriate administrator.
Most often, Complainants want to stop unwelcome behaviour and receive an
admission from the Respondent of their inappropriate behaviour. In such situations,
the Equity Advisor can contact Respondents directly to try to resolve the Complainants' concerns. This intervention helped resolve several complaints and resulted in
Respondents ceasing their harassing behaviour.
Complainants rarely seek punitive or disciplinary measures, but when they do seek
punitive measures, such as a letter of reprimand, or when they seek the introduction
of some protection into the work or study environment so that others will not be
similarly hurt, the Equity Advisor can invite the Administrative Head of Unit to
participate in the resolution process. Equity Advisors involved Administrative Heads
in most of the situations in which Advisors intervened directly.
Formal Resolution
Over the past six months, the Equity Office has received requests for formal
investigation and decision in only two cases. One case involves a request from a
student regarding the conduct of a faculty member: as ofthe end of June 1995, this
case remains under formal investigation. The other case involved a request from an
Administrative Head of Unit to investigate an inappropriate pattern of behaviour on
the part of a graduate student. This case was resolved: an Equity Advisor mediated
a signed agreement between the Administrative Head and the student, thus halting
formal investigation and decision procedures.
Policy Issues and Recommendations
After six months experience implementing the new Policy on Discrimination and
Harassment, and in light ofthe recent inquiry into the Political Science Department,
the Equity Office has become aware of the following issues:
1. A number of complaints brought to the Equity Office concern non-mandated or
"personal" harassment, an area the Policy does not cover. Often these Complainants bring their concerns to the Equity Office because they have nowhere else to
turn. Thus, the University should consider ways to ensure that Administrative
Heads of Unit and faculty engage in managerial, supervisory, and instructional
practices that reduce or eliminate "personal" harassment. Promoting discussion
of appropriate conduct for faculty, staff, and students might prove helpful. In
addition, the Policy should be amended to strengthen the Equity Office's capacity
to intervene in "personal" harassment cases. The Policy should state that
harassment not covered by the protected grounds ofthe B. C. Human Rights Act
may be referred to the appropriate Administrative Head of Unit or employee group
agreement for resolution.
2. Members of UBC's support staff have reported that they are uncomfortable asking
for time-off to visit the Equity Office. Thus, the Equity Office should ensure that
it offers flexible appointment times. As well, the UBC Administration should
expect supervisors to allow appropriate provisions for employees who wish to
make arrangements during work hours to discuss concerns with an Equity
3. The recent debate over the inquiry into the Political Science Department makes
it imperative that the Equity Office clearly demarcate the ad-hoc procedures
followed in the case of Political Science (prior to the approval of the Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment) and the procedures that will be followed under
the Policy on Discrimination and Harassment when a case of possible systemic
discrimination arises elsewhere. The Equity Office must inform the University
community of its process, which is as follows: A professional trained in investigative techniques who does not work at UBC conducts the investigation. The
investigator submits and discusses his/her report with a panel comprised of three
people (one of whom is external to UBC). This panel meets with the complainant(s)
and with the respondents(s) to discuss the contents of the investigator's report.
The panel then recommends appropriate discipline and/or remedy to the Administrative Head of Unit. Thus, the Policy provides for a panel review of the
investigator's report, response from the respondent(s), and finally, recommendations from a three-person panel—all steps that did not occur following the
investigation into Political Science.
4. The Policy does not delineate the terms of reference for formal investigations, nor
does it set limits on the time taken nor on the expense incurred in formal
investigation and panel decision-making processes. Currently, the Associate
Vice-president, Academic and Legal Advisor, is drafting guidelines that will
address these issues. Once these guidelines are complete, the Policy on Discrimination and Harassment should be reviewed to ensure that terms of reference for
investigations, as well as limits on time spent and expense incurred promote
expeditious resolution of formal requests for investigation of complaints.
5. Complainants who request a formal investigation under the Policy and at the same
time pursue extra-University avenues for complaint resolution may place the
University in the awkward position of having to represent both Complainant and
Respondent in multiple proceedings prior to completion of UBC's internal
decision-making process. Thus, the University should amend the Policy to allow
for the staying of UBC's internal complaint proceedings if necessary.
6. There may be occasions when information arising after the initiation of a
complaint suggests that the Equity Office should cease its proceedings. Therefore,
the Policy should allow for the termination of UBC's internal complaint proceedings.
7. The Policy should state that in order to maintain due process both Respondents
and Complainants involved in UBC's internal complaint procedures must participate in a timely manner.
Despite the growing pains associated with developing a new office and implementing
a new policy, the Equity Office has managed to maintain most of the customary
activities previously associated with employment equity, multicultural liaison,
sexual harassment, and women and gender relations. As well, the Equity Office is
achieving its goal of coordinating a comprehensive, efficient approach to employment
and educational equity.
Educational and informational activities are the Equity Office's most important
strategies for achieving equity at UBC. The Equity Office strives to alter the
atmosphere on campus so that fewer human rights violations occur. To this end, the
office encourages individual faculties, schools, and departments to take proactive
steps in establishing and maintaining equitable work and study environments that
will benefit all students, faculty, and staff. As well, the Equity Office is committed to
practicing complaint processing and resolution procedures that do not entail
exhausting, contentious, and expensive efforts to punish offenders, but rather treat
violations that do occur as effectively and expeditiously as possible. UBC Reports • October 19, 1995 15
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News Digest
UBC and the Alma Mater Society (AMS) are collaborating in an
effort to enhance communication between the university administration and students.
Your UBC Forum, a series of informal panel discussions, is
designed to solicit the views of students and other members ofthe
UBC community on improving various aspects of campus life.
The first forum, held on Sept. 27, dealt with admissions and
registration. Future topics include: Safety on Campus (Oct. 27);
Access to Computing (Nov. 8); Teaching and Evaluation (Jan. 19);
Library and Study Space (Feb. 14); and the First Year Experience
(March 7).
All forums take place in the Conversation Pit of the Student
Union Building. For more information, call AMS Vice-President
Namiko Kunimoto at 822-3092.
Treaty making in British Columbia will be the subject of a half-
day forum at the Faculty of Law on Oct. 21 from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
Political Science Prof. Paul Tennant said the challenge for this
province is unique: B.C. entered Confederation in 1871 without
resolving the question of Indian title, as it was then known.
"After years of protests, legislative attempts and court cases, we
have not moved beyond the original 15 treaties signed with First
Nations Peoples covering a small portion of the province," said
Tennant, author of Aboriginal Peoples and Politics.
Tennant added that more than 40 First Nations groups, representing approximately two-thirds of B.C.'s status Aboriginal population, have filed statements of intent to enter into treaty negotiations.
Tennant will be one of six speakers at the forum. Others include:
Prof. Doug Sanders. Faculty of Law: Alec Robertson, chief commissioner, B.C. Treaty Commission; Gerald Amos. First Nations Summit; Angus Robertson, asst. deputy minister of treaty negotiations
for B.C.; and Robin Dodson, chief negotiator. Federal Treaty Negotiations Office.
For more information on the forum, call 822-1460.
A final development application for the new Earth Sciences
Centre has been received by UBC Regulatory Services, a division of
Campus Planning and Development. The building, to be located on
Main Mall at the current site of the Geophysics and Astronomy
Building, will have significant classroom and lecture theatre space.
The first phase ofthe project consists of 12,600 square metres of
lab, classroom and office space in a four-storey plus basement and
penthouse building. The second phase will add a further 7,200
square metres. The building will help define Fairview Square, a
proposed new public space on Main Mall outlined in the Main
Campus Plan. Construction will require the removal of the Geophysics and Astronomy Building and Faculty of Education huts.
For more information, contact Kathleen Laird-Burns at 822-
8228 or laird@unixg.ubc.ca.
The Ministry of Skills, Training and Labour is calling for poster
submissions for a new initiative promoting safer campuses.
Twenty-three post-secondary institutions across the province
are participating in Skills Now Safer Campuses, a campaign designed to ensure a psychologically and physically safe environment
for all women and men who are members of marginalized groups.
The poster will be used to promote the goals of the initiative on
the participating campuses.
Poster designs must be submitted by Oct. 27 and a $500 prize
will be awarded for the winning entry. For more information, call
Cheryl Rossi at the Ministry of Skills, Training and Labour at (604)
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The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word is
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The deadline for the November 2 issue of UBC Reports is noon, October 24.
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mo. plus expenses. For more info
call Dan at 264-0268.
PARTYLINE Vancouver's best
partyline. Ads, jokes, stories and
more. Fully automated 24-hour
service. Meet new people and
make new friends. Free. Call 257-
Trades will help you Saturdays
and other negotiable times in
exchange for West Side Room.
Childcare, housework,
eldercare, gardening, shopping,
ironing, sewing, editing, French
conversation, etc. Call 527-2027.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $13/day for mealsSun. -Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
UBC endowment lands/Spanish
Banks Beach. Offers a peaceful
alternative for Vancouver
visitors. Furnished with charm,
equipped kitchen, linens,
laundry, 1 bedroom plus study.
On beautiful one acre natural
forest setting. NS. 222-0060.
Stephen Forgacs photo
Cutting It Up
Louise Shaw, co-ordinator of United Way's campus
campaign, cuts into a cake at the campaign kick-off
celebration Oct. 2. United Way pledge forms went out to
faculty and staff earlier this month. Shaw said employee
donations made through payroll deduction will go a long
way toward helping the 1995 campaign reach its goal of
$300,000. For information on the campaign call 822-
Accommodation     j
house: 1 bedroom plus den, 2.5
bath, large bright kitchen, view.
NS. NP. $ 1000/month plus utilities.
Avail. Jan 1 -June 30/96. Call 222-
accom. in Pt. Grey area, Minutes
to UBC. On main bus routes. Close
to shops and restaurants. Inc. TV,
tea and coffee making, private
phone/fridge. Weekly rates
available. Tel: 222-3461. Fax:222-
and breakfast. Warm hospitality
and full breakfast welcome you
to this central view home. Close
to UBC, downtown and bus
service. Large ensuite rooms with
TV and phone. 3466 West 15th
Avenue, 737-2526.
40%) is needed for the crab
hepatopancreas consumption
study in the Department of Health
Care & Epidemiology. Major
responsibilities include: assisting
with development of study;
designing forms and
questionnaires; determining
study protocol; overseeing
translation of forms and
questionnaires; preparing
documents for publication;
supervising and training staff;
obtaining consent from retail
outlets; analyzing data;
preparing reports; and
performing other related duties.
Must be university graduate with
previous experience managing
a study, Ability to speak and write
English and Cantonese. Ability to
speak and write Mandarin and/
or Vietnamese an asset. Ability
to work independently and travel
between sites. November 1,1995
- April 30, 1996. Call Virginia
Anthony at 822-4496.
80%) is needed for the crab
hepatopancreas consumption
study in the Department of Health
Care & Epidemiology. Major
responsibilities: administer
questionnaires in English,
Cantonese and Vietnamese;
approach retail outlet proprietors
and clients to seek consent to
participate in study; distribute and
collect questionnaires. Translate
responses into English. Enter data
into computer. Ability to
communicate well, both verbally
and in writing, in English,
Cantonese and Vietnamese.
Some experience with operating
IBM compatible computers. Some
work experience with survey
research. Own automobile
available for work travel. (Travel
expenses will be covered by the
project.) December 1, 1995 -
February 28, 1996. Call Virginia
Anthony at 822-4496.
YES! Reach your target
weight And STAY
Easy herbal system.
Katva - 879-2113 UBC Reports ■ October 19, 1995 17
Pumped Up
Stephen Forgacs photo
Faculty offices across campus received balloon bouquets this month as the Development
Office launched the Faculty and Staff Appeal. The appeal is one of six fund-raising programs
that make up the Annual Fund Campaign. Simone Carnegie and Ron Burke are among
Development Office staff involved with the campaign which runs until the end of December.
For more information call 822-8630.
Science One students win top
national women's scholarships
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Two second-year UBC students are among 25 women from
across the country chosen to take
part in the National Research
Council/Women in Engineering
and Science Program for 1995.
The program gives participants a three-year summer work
term — worth $ 10,000 a year —
and the chance to carry out career-related work with top researchers/mentors which reflects their academic interests
and career aspirations.
The program is open to Canadian female students who are
pursuing studies in physics,
mathematics and engineering,
areas in which women are traditionally under-represented.
The  1995 participants from
UBC. Fahreen Dossa and Paula
Sharpe, are both "graduates" of
Science One, the innovative first-
year program that combines all
first-year science requirements
into a thematic, interdisciplinary
Science One, which enrols
about 70 students, is team-
taught by a group of faculty
members drawn from each of
the major fields of science: chemistry, physics, mathematics and
Dossa, whose major is a combined honours program in mathematics and biochemistry, will
spend her summers in Victoria
at the Dominion Astrophysical
Observatory, part ofthe National
Herzberg Institute for
Sharpe, who is enrolled in a
first-year engineering transfer
program, plans to major in a combined honours chemistry and
chemical engineering program.
She will work at the Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences in
Ottawa, where eight research
groups study various aspects of
Science One Director Julyet
Benbasat said both Dossa and
Sharpe are excellent students,
but quite different in their approaches to science.
"One student is a classical
thinker and is very methodical in
her approach. She has an exquisite eye for detail and asks questions that focus on the mechanistic aspects of processes.
'The other surprises us often
with her elegant, creative and
unique solutions to problems
which show a thorough understanding of the big picture."
Faculty help one another to
improve sense of community
Around this time last year,
about 70 faculty from across
campus got together for dinner
at Green College. Half the dinner
list was made up of new faculty
eager to get advice about UBC
from the other half of senior faculty.
The newcomers were asked to
write their top concerns on a Hip
chart while the veterans dashed
off what they believed their dinner companions needed to know.
The lists weren't totally in sync.
'The senior faculty were astounded when they saw the concerns of newly arrived faculty,"
said Estelle Paget , co-ordinator
of UBC's Faculty Mentoring Program. 'They thought Ihe concerns listed were too obvious
and had been taken care of. It
was a real eye-opener."
Questions ranged from how
to use a departmental photocopier and mailing costs, to promotion and tenure guidelines
and how to write a successful
grant proposal.
The dinner was one of a handful of events Paget arranged
during the course of the program's successful first year of
bringing faculty closer together.
The Faculty Mentoring Program was established under the
auspices of the Centre for Faculty Development and Instructional Services with a well-defined set of goals: facilitate the
integration of new faculty into
UBC by increasing their understanding of the academic culture and review process; provide a supportive network of
colleagues from a variety of disciplines; help new faculty identify, select and use resources to
support research and teaching;
provide new faculty with access
to problem-solving techniques
for undergraduate learning; and
expand the skills of new facultv
in supervising graduate students.
Paget remarked thai, apart
from the obvious appreciation
shown bv new facultv for the
program, senior faculty have
been equally grateful for the opportunity to share their experience and expertise.
'There is some cynicism on
campus and this program has
attracted people who want to
change that." said Paget. "For
many people both on and off
campus, the program gives UBC
more of a community feel."
This year's program kicked
off in August with two separate
orientation tours of campus followed by a "Let's Meet" get together at the Graduate Student
Centre earlier this month.
Returning elements from the
inaugural year are the Green
College dinner in December, follow-up workshops in January,
an Ides of March pub night and
a one-day retreat at Cecil Green
Park House in Mav.
For more information about
the Faculty Mentoring program
call 822-0831 or inquire by e-
mail to estelle.paget "Ubc.ca.
Video looks at
balancing varied
demands for
agricultural land
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Global climate change, free
trade, organic farming, threatened wildlife habitat — these are
just some of the issues tackled
in a new video produced by the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
and UBC Access.
The 60-minute program,
called Promise in the Land: Sustaining Our Agriculture, looks at
the complex issues and conflicting demands involved in maintaining an agricultural base in a
modern society.
The video will be aired for the
first time on Nov. 7 at 8 p.m. on
the Knowledge Network.
The video aims to boost public awareness of issues such as
sustainable agriculture, which
is defined as an ecologically
sound agriculture that maintains the productivity of land for
future generations.
Although the problems are
universal, the video focuses on
the municipality of Delta and
the Okanagan Valley, where urban sprawl is contributing to
the intense pressure on agricultural land.
As well as demonstrating Agricultural Science's ongoing
commitment to sustainability of
the environment and productivity of agricultural land, the video
showcases some of the cutting-
edge research and thinking at
the  university,   said  Maureen
Garland, the faculty's director of
Continuing Education and Communication.
"We hope it will alert the public to some ofthe positive things
we're doing at the university in
terms of alternative technologies, integrated pest management and land management."
she said.
"This is part of our ongoing
commitment to make the public
more aware of what we're doing
and the issues involved in land
Among those interviewed are:
Assoc. Prof. Art Bomke. Dept. of
Soil Science; William Rees, director of the School of Community and Regional Planning;
Assoc. Prof. Douglas Paterson,
Landscape Architecture Program; Neils Holbek, director of
the UBC Research Farm; and
Harold Macy, an agro-forester at
the UBC Research Farm.
Garland said there are plans
to introduce the video to high
schools throughout the province
as part of the Social Studies 11
curriculum and a handbook for
teachers is being developed. The
video could also be used in some
distance education courses, she
"We hope this video has wide
use as a public education vehicle and reaches many different
audiences," Garland said.
Core funding for the project
was provided by the Canada/
B.C. Green Plan for Agriculture.
The Review Committee of the UBC Purchasing
Department is seeking written submissions from
individuals wishing to express their views on the
operations of the Purchasing Department which includes
• Purchasing
• Campus Mailing Services
• Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility Program
• Travel Management Program
Submissions, in writing, should be directed to the
c/o Office ofthe Vice-President.
Administration and Finance
University of British Columbia
Room 121, Old Administration Building. Zone 2
6328 Memorial Road
Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1Z2
or FAX (604) 822-1338
To be received by November 10, 1995
Information on the committee's composition and Terms of
Reference may be obtained from the Office ofthe Vice-
President. Administration and Finance.
J\ Please
It Bring, Out The Bt-t
United Way
of the Lower Mainland 18 UBC Reports • October 19, 1995
Power Smart
With the help of B.C. Hydro's Power Smart program, UBC built the CICSR/Computer Science building to high
standards of energy efficiency. Compared to similar buildings without Power Smart features, the building saves
more than 910,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity a year, enough to meet the annual energy needs of 90 homes and
a saving of more than $45,000 each year. For its efforts, UBC received $125,000 as a rebate and a plaque from
B.C. Hydro. Shown here are (l-r) Randy Reimann of B.C. Hydro, Jim Varah, director of CICSR, Hon. Darlene Marzari,
Minister of Municipal Affairs, Maria Klawe, vice-president, Student and Academic Services, and Karen Levine of
B.C. Hydro.
Unique program trains students to
better treat addictive disorders
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC medical students are being
trained to detect and prevent substance
abuse in patients and to motivate them to
participate in treatment and recovery
At least 25 per cent of hospitalized
patients in B.C. suffer from addictive
disorders, affecting about 300,000 people throughout the province, said Dr. Ray
Baker, director ofthe Addiction Medicine
and Intercollegial Responsibility (AMIR)
program, and an assistant professor of
Family Practice.
"Left untreated, these patients result
in huge health care expenditures. Studies by the World Health Organization
clearly show that physicians are key in-
fluencers who, given the proper training,
can effectively prevent and treat these
disorders," he said.
"Innovative educational techniques are
being used to give our graduates the
knowledge and skills to screen patients
for problems with alcohol, tobacco and
other drugs, and to motivate them to
enter recovery."
Introduced into the Faculty of Medicine's curriculum in 1991, AMIR is the
only program of its kind at a Canadian
university. All undergraduate medical
students are required to take a minimum
of 33 hours of instruction throughout
their four-year training.
Courses, taught by a multidisciplinary
team of academic and
community-based in-
structors representing
nursing, social work, psychiatry, psychology and
medicine, include assessment and treatment planning, family systems dysfunction, harm reduction
and monitoring recovery,
and relapse prevention.
Instruction in dealing with
special ethnocultural
needs groups is also
Baker cited the participation in the program of Baker
members  of Alcoholics
Anonymous and Al-Anon who volunteer
as subjects to help students learn necessary interviewing skills, a vital first step
in the screening process.
In addition to start-up funds provided
by the provincial Ministry of Health, Baker
attributes much of AMIR's success to a
major grant recently received from the
Toronto-based Max Bell Foundation, an
organization committed to funding
projects with the potential of having posi
tive effects on education and health.
The $65,000 grant will be used to
complete development of the program
and fund a professional evaluation of
Thorough evaluation
is needed to measure the
effect of AMIR on the medical school and upon each
student's ability to effectively recognize and treat
patients with addictive
disorders," explained
Baker. "Recommendations for areas for improvement in the program will
also be made."
Enhanced  opportunities for training students
will be available through
HealthQuest, a community-based  assessment,
referral and education clinic for outpatient treatment of people with a wide
variety of medical and psychiatric problems complicated by addictive disorders.
Baker said.
AMIR also facilitates a peer-support
program which has developed a variety of
health promotion activities to help medical students maintain health, handle
stress and prevent addiction during their
medical school training.
enter Hall
of Fame
A football coach from the 1920s, a
Rhodes Scholar from the '30s and a pair
of recent Olympians are among the individuals inducted this year into the UBC
Sports Hall of Fame.
Dr. Gordon Burke played an early role
in establishing football on the UBC campus. He acted as coach of UBC's football
team for 12 years from the mid-1920s to
the mid-'30s, during which time his teams
won four Hardy Cup victories. He and
1930s rugby and cricket star Dave Carey
were inducted posthumously.
Carey was elected Alma Mater Society
president in 1936 and was selected as
UBC's Rhodes Scholar in 1938.
Olympians Simon Hoogewerf (track)
and Joanne Sargeant (basketball) share
Hall of Fame honours with fellow athletes
Doug Reid, a football and rugby player
who was named UBC's Sportsman ofthe
Year for 1947-48, and Patti Sakaki, who
led UBC to the 1983 CIAU national gymnastics championship and was crowned
national university individual gymnastics champion for four consecutive years.
Also      hon
oured for their
contributions to
athletics at UBC
are Dr. Doug
Clement, D.L.
"Buzz" Moore,
and Peter
Clement, one
of the founders
of UBC's Sports
Medicine Clinic,
competed in track and rugby while a UBC
medical student and later coached four
UBC athletes to Olympic levels. He also
competed in the 1956 Olympics and 1958
British Empire Games.
Moore has a 31 -year history of involvement with athletics at UBC and is credited with keeping UBC's Big Block Club
alive. He has been and is a UBC historian,
fund-raiser, coach, alumni liaison and
Mullins was the longest serving and
most successful basketball coach in UBC
history; his 20 years and 337 victories are
school records.
Also inducted at the Oct. 13 ceremony
was the 1982-83 women's field hockey
team. The team, including five national
team members, completed the season
undefeated and won the Canada West,
CIAU and Vancouver City first division
Multi-tenant facility for up-and-coming
companies named for Foundation chair
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
A unique campus building designed
for commercial research laboratories has
been named for Gerald McGavin, chair of
the Discovery Foundation.
The $4.5-million Gerald McGavin
Multi-tenant Facility on the corner of
East Mall and Agronomy Road was constructed by Discovery Parks Inc., which
is managed by the UBC Real Estate Corp.
The new building provides economical
lab and office space on campus for spinoff companies based on technologies developed in the labs of UBC faculty mem
bers, as well as for other companies involved in research and development.
McGavin is a Vancouver businessman
with strong ties to UBC. A graduate ofthe
Faculty of Commerce and former captain
ofthe T-Bird rugby team, he has served as
chair ofthe Alumni Fund, as a member of
the leadership committee for the World of
Opportunity capital campaign, as a founding member ofthe advisory council for the
Faculty of Commerce and, from 1987-94,
as chair of the Wesbrook Society. He is
currently a member of Discovery Parks
Inc.'s board of directors.
The McGavin building is now 30 per
cent leased, with four tenants ready to
occupy the building Nov. 1, said Stephen
Kimoff, senior project manager with
UBCREC and Discovery Parks.
The new tenants are: the MS/MIR
Research Group ofthe Dept. of Medicine,
which will analyse magnetic resonance
images from around the world;
Angiogenesis Technologies Inc., which
investigates innovative cancer therapies;
IGT (International Growth Technologies)
Inc., a pharmaceutical company; and
Syn-Tech Chemical Inc., which develops
industrial lubricants.
As well, the University-Industry Liaison Office is planning to lease an area to
provide shared office space for very small
start-up companies, Kimoff said.
Discovery Parks is also hoping to at
tract computer software companies by
providing inexpensive links to the
For tenants, one ofthe building's major selling points is its flexibility. It can
accommodate anything from a basic office to a highly sophisticated laboratory.
"We've re-designed the way laboratories are traditionally built," Kimoff said.
"We do that by working with tenants to
keep costs down. I'm happy to see that
the university is recognizing the value of
this building."
Kimoff foresees future tenants in industries such as bio-technology, computer software, robotics, and materials engineering. Cross-border comparisons of
Pacific Northwest literature a
focus for fall conference
UBC Reports • October 19, 1995 19
Welcome to Canada. Welcome
to this point on the Pacific called
Vancouver. Welcome to mist and
fault lines and tumbles of rusty
brown basalt. Welcome to the
northiuest and its dreams ofthe
Pacific. Welcome to the lands and
waters of Raven, and Cedar, and
the Salmon People....
With these words, English
Prof. Laurie Ricou welcomed
members of the Western Literature Association (WLA) to their
30th annual conference—the
first held outside the United
States. Ricou. WLA president and
an associate dean of Graduate
Studies at UBC, says cross-border comparisons of literature provide the basis for studying North
American regional cultures. Under the banner "By Land/By
Water," the conference consisted
of more than 200 presentations
with topics ranging, as Ricou
puts it, "from shoreline and
harbour, to mountain then horizon and back again."
Ricou has been examining
stories and poems from both
sides of the 49th parallel and
has used them to elaborate on
some ofthe national differentiations within Pacific Northwest
culture. However, Don Gayton,
a forest ecologist and environmental essayist, opened the conference with a reading from his
latest work. Landscapes of the
Interior: Re explorations of Nature and the Human Spirit which
strikes a familiar, back-country
chord no matter what side ofthe
border vou live on.
"Sunrise the next morning
was like a revealed secret. Getting on with its hundred thousandth, its millionth morning,
the Kokanee ridge shared its
everyday marvels with me totally, without hesitation. I
crawled out of the sleeping bag
and stood up, feeling disheveled
in my underwear and tangled
beard, in the face of such alpine
perfection. Exploratory morning
light fingered its way through
the jagged eastern ridgeline, '
slowly illuminating down the face
of the western ridge. Ribbons of
mist moved across the windless
surface of the lake, drawn forward by some unseen mechanism. Up in the rockfield, a single marmot whistled. The world
had emerged new from the
chrysalis of night and was carefully unfolding itself."
t'r-'r-'7-'r r.r.rr..f...,.>.f......r i'i' r.r.f...f...,...r.r.rr,..^^^
:« * « « » m
*7tc   f)*ft**   $xei**ft   *.*it   "7e»<izt*f   (f$ff   P
^/bur wag to
The Japanese government invites university
graduates to go to Japan as Coordinators for
International Relations and Assistant (English)
Language Teachers.
An Information Seminar will be held to
discuss JET Programme duties, eligibility, work
and living conditions and application
Anyone      interested      is      welcome      to      attend.
information Seminar :
When : Oct. 26 (Thur) 12:00pm - 2:00 pm
Where : Asian Centre Auditorium
Sponsored by
the Consulate General of Japan in Vancouver
Tel:684-5868 Fax: 684-6939
-,.!,.,,.!,.t,.!,.!,,,, >.,...,...,..,...,,.,,.,,.,,.,,.,,.,,.,,.,,.,^.,,.,,.1..,.,.,..,., - l,.1^.!,^z
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into the floor • the lowest entry height of any vehicle in its class • smooth car-like handling • a purring 140 hp SOHC
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by staff writers
Two UBC representatives have been re-appointed for
three-year terms on the Premier's Advisory Council
on Science and Technology.
Julia Levy, professor of Microbiology and Immunology, is
board chair. She is also senior vice-president of scientific
affairs and chief scientific officer of Quadra
Logic Technologies.
Prof. Maria Klawe, vice-president,
Student and Academic Services, is a professor in, and former head of, the Dept. of
Computer Science.
Also re-appointed to the council are
Horst Sander, retired president and CEO of
Northwood Forest Industries and Northwood
Pulp and Timber, Ellen Godfrey, president
of Softwords Research International, and
Suezone Chow, chair of the Science Council
of B.C. and vice-president of research and development,
Canadian Forest Products.
• • • •
The Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabo
lism has created an award named in honour of UBC
Professor Emeritus of Physiology,  D. Harold Copp.
The D. Harold Copp Young Investigator Award will be
presented annually to a student or post doctoral fellow who
has demonstrated excellence in endocrine research.
'The award commemorates Dr.
Copp's outstanding original research
contributions to endocrinology and his
education and inspiration of numerous
students in the discipline," said Dr.
Otto Rorstad, society president.
Copp is celebrated for his discovery
more than 30 years ago of the hormone calcitonin which is used for pain
management in people suffering from
He presented the first D. Harold
Copp Young Investigator Award at the society's annual
general meeting in Montreal last month.
Several appointments have been announced by the
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Assoc. Prof. David Fielding has been named the
first David H. MacDonald Professor, and Asst. Prof. Bruce
Carelton will serve as the first Shopper's
Drug Mart Professor for three- and two-
year terms respectively.
Both professorships were endowed by a
donation from Shopper's Drug Mart to the
faculty through UBC's A World ol" Opportunity fund-raising campaign for teaching
and research.
Kevin Moody, a lecturer in ihe faculty,
has been appointed director of Continuing
Pharmacy Education, effective Sept.  1.
1995. Moody, who obtained his BSc in
Pharmacy front the University of Toronto
and an MBA from UBC.  was promoted
from the assistant director  s position.
In other faculty news. Carelton has
also been named to the province's
advisory committee on reference-based
pricing to help implement the Ministry
of Health's new pharmacare coverage
policy for certain prescription drugs.
Prof. Gail Bellward has been reappointed as a director ofthe Science
Council of B.C. for a three-vear term.
The council promotes economic growth
through increased research and
development in areas such as biotechnology, telecommunications and health.
Peter Oberlander. professor emeritus in the School of
Community and Regional Planning (SCARP), has won
the International Urban Affairs Award given by
Lamba Alpha International.
Lamba Alpha International is the U.S.-based honorary land
economics society created 60 years ago with 21 chapters
worldwide. Oberlander is the first Canadian to win the award
which was presented at the society's biennial congress earlier
this month.
The award reflects Oberlander's lifetime involvement with
international urban planning policy and projects, particularly
through the United Nations and its Commission on Human
Oberlander was founding director of SCARP and initiated
and directed the Centre for Human Settlements in UBC's
Facultv of Graduate Studies.
Oberlander is special assistant to Dr. Wally N'Dow. secretary general for the Second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) to be convened in Istanbul in June 1996. 20 UBC Reports   October 19, 1995
Learning at a distance
Tony Botes wonts to help off-compus leorners top into UBC's knowledge
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Tony Bates, a veteran in the
field of distance education,
has a unique perspective on
And, after less than five months as
director of Distance Education and
Technology at UBC, his insights are
already being sought by faculties keen
to build a closer relationship with
distance learners.
Distance education, which allows
students to take a wide range of
courses without making regular visits
to the university campus, has been
part of UBC's educational landscape
since 1929. Now. facing new demands
from a changing student body, distance
education is in a state of transition at
UBC, says Bates, and there's room for
a lot of growth.
"I see my primary task as allowing
people who have need for specialist
knowledge to access the knowledge
base on campus without having to
come here to do it," he says, adding
that the university needs to broaden
the appeal of the distance education
courses it offers.
"My aim is to move into new markets."
Bates, who worked as an elementary
and high school teacher in Britain and
has a PhD in educational administration, crossed into the field of distance
education when he was the 20th
person hired by Britain's fledgling Open
University in 1969. The Open University's mandate was to provide a university education to anyone who wanted it,
regardless of qualifications. Now. says
Bates, who came to Canada with his
wife in 1990 to take a job with the
Open Learning Agency in Vancouver,
the Open University produces nine per
cent of all bachelor level degrees in
Britain for five per cent of the higher
education budget.
Money, says Bates, was one of the
factors in his coming to UBC at a time
when government funding for post-
secondary education is in decline.
"I was brought on board to do three
things: The first one. you'd be surprised and shocked to hear," he says
with a grin, "is to bring more revenues
into the university. The second is to
extend the range of distance education
programs beyond third- and fourth-
year credit programs, in particular in
the non-credit and certificate area,
which is where you're going to get the
revenues primarily. The third one is to
use more advanced technologies for
delivery of distance education, like
multimedia and the World Wide Web."
Changing conditions in the
spheres of education and
employment have left a large
market segment waiting to tap into the
expertise of faculty and researchers.
Bates says. This segment comprises
people already in careers who can afford
to pay for specialized knowledge in the
form of distance education programs
and, perhaps, can't afford not to.
'There are a lot of people in the
workforce now who already have
degrees. Their lives are changing very
rapidly, their jobs are changing rapidly.
and there's a lot of knowledge on
campus they would like to access.
Stephen Forgacs photo
Tony Bates helps UBC bridge the physical gap between learners and
the campus.
Distance education is a way they can
do that." he says.
Bates is keen to explore the needs of
the business sector and to develop
programs designed to address specific
problems and changes in the
workplace, whether in an individual
organization or an entire sector.
The high cost of developing distance
means suffi- ^^^^^^^^^^^^"
cient demand
for an individual program
must exist in
order to make
viable. Bates
"I'm basically
a broker
between supply
side and 	
demand." he
says. "We would
like to be a one-stop-shopping place for
people who need access to knowledge
and skills. If an organization comes to
us with particular needs, and if it's a
big enough market, we will be able to
say: 'Okay, we've got those skills and
that knowledge on campus, we'll
"I see my primary task as
allowing people who have
need for specialist knowledge
to access the knowledge base
on campus without having to
come here to do it."
Tony Bates
develop something for you.'"
UBC's strong performance in research puts the university in a good
position when it comes to offering
expertise through distance education.
Bates says.
'The market will pay for quality in
both content and service." he says.
'That's one of UBC's real advantages
because it has
areas of excel-
^^"■™"»™^^^^^       lence that are
unique in
Canada and, in
some cases, in
North America.
Those are the
areas we have
really got to try
to develop for
'Tor in-
        stance. UBC's
Faculty of
Commerce and
Business Administration has staff
whose research and expertise are
particularly relevant for large corporations. However, we don't have many
corporate headquarters in Vancouver.
They're in Montreal. Toronto and New
York. And it's those companies that
would benefit most from our expertise.
So the trick is to deliver it right into
corporate headquarters.
"It's those areas where we're leading
edge that give us the competitive
advantage in the North American
distance education market. Ironically,
the leading edge areas are the ones that
have been least accessible because of
the concentration on research and not
dissemination to the general public."
Distance education is not for
everyone though, Bates says.
Students just out of high
school tend to perform better in the
structured environment of a university
campus and may also benefit from
being part of the campus community.
In comparison. Bates sees distance
education as a method of learning well
suited to people already in the
workplace. The flexibility of distance
education suits working people and
they don't necessarily need the collegial
aspect of campus-based learning.
"Distance education is not easy,"
says Bates. "I have the highest admiration for distance education students.
I've been working in the business for 25
years and I'm always amazed at the
self-discipline and dedication of distance learners.
"If I was an employer and hiring and
someone came to me and said they got
a degree entirely at a distance, I'd hire
them immediately because you know
these are very determined and well-
organized people."
Once a target market has been
identified another integral
aspect of Bates' job comes
into play. That involves keeping up on
the uses of technology for distance
learning, and deciding what technology
is appropriate.
"It's very much a question of choosing the technology to match the task. If
I'm trying to reach healthcare workers
in a remote part of the province I'm
probably not going to use very high
technology. If I'm trying to reach
downtown businessmen, I might well
consider CD-ROMS and multimedia
because they might have access to the
equipment, or have the resources to
add to what they've got."
But the newest technology is not
always the best, he cautions. The
technologies used must be tested and
reliable as well as being accessible.
"We have more than enough technology now to deliver. The problem is
matching demand and supply and
getting resources to develop good
quality materials so that the teacher is
free to work on the interactive aspects
and other areas." Bates says.
Bates' experience with open learning
and distance education has given him a
perspective on learning that others in the
field of education are coming to share.
"I don't have a lot of time for grade
point averages," he says. "I don't think
they are a good predictor of performance for adults and for distance
education it's irrelevant. Once you
produce the materials, the fees cover
the costs so it doesn't make sense to
discriminate on prior learning and
"What matters most is the student's
hunger and need to learn."


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