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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Dec 5, 1985

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 Volume 31 Number 22
December 5,1985
UBC computer experts develop new technology
Four years ago UBC computer
scientists had an idea.
On Monday (Dec. 4) a news
conference was held to formally
announce the results of that idea—a
unique software program that establishes
Canada's early lead in a multi-million-
dollar international market.
The significance of the new product is
exemplified by those attending the
news conference—federal Minister of
State for Science and Technology Frank
Oberle, UBC President David Strangway,
Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council President Gordon
MacNabb, and the presidents of major
communications companies.
The software, which is being
marketed through a licensing agreement
between UBC and Sydney Development
Corporation of Vancouver, is the first
commercially available electronic
messaging system based on the
international standard for computer-
based messaging, often referred to as
electronic mail.
The new software package allows
messages to be created on and
transmitted across a variety of computer
systems using private and public data
communication links, including telephone
The software allows a user to send a
message to a colleague in an office
next door or to someone on the other
side of the world with exactly the same
ease. The system is expected to have a
major impact on business and
government and on the research
The software is the creation of Mr.
Gerald Neufeld of UBC's computer
science department, whose research was
supported by NSERC grants administered
by Dr. Paul Gilmore, former head of the
"There is an extraordinary number of
different computer systems in use
Changes proposed for Faculty of Education
The University of B.C.'s Faculty of
Education has approved proposals for a
new curriculum leading to the degree of
Bachelor of Education.
The proposals, which are now under
consideration by the curriculum
committee of the UBC Senate, provide
for a two-year teacher education
program after completion of at least
three full years of university studies.
The effect of the proposals will be to
require at least five years of
university-level studies for prospective
elementary and secondary school
teachers. It's expected that many
students seeking admission to the UBC
program will first complete an
undergraduate degree in arts, science
or another acceptable discipline.
The new curriculum, if approved by
UBC's Senate and Board of Governors,
will apply to students registering in the
Faculty of Education in September, I986.
Students now enrolled in the Faculty of
Education may either switch to the new
program or continue in their current
programs until graduation.
Last year, Senate suspended enrolment
in the first year of Education at UBC
pending the introduction of the new
It's anticipated that many students
currently enrolled in the Faculty of
Education will switch to the new
program. However, some students who
are nearing completion of existing
programs will be allowed to continue in
them until graduation.
The proposals will mean eliminating
existing programs leading to the
Bachelor of Education degree after four
or five years of study. Students have
been able to enter Education directly
from high school or to transfer into the
teacher education program at the
second-, third-and, in some cases,
fourth-year levels. Graduates of other
faculties have also been able to enrol
for a one-year program leading to a
teaching certificate.
Dr. Murray Elliott, associate dean and
chairman of the Faculty of Education's
curriculum committee, said the proposed
degree program reflects contemporary
trends in teacher education and
addresses those problems associated
with the training of teachers which were
summarized in "Let's Talk About
Schools," the report of the recent
provincial-government study of public
and teacher perceptions of schooling in
He pointed out that one important
feature of the UBC proposal is its
response to the provincial government's
policy of "mainstreaming," under
which elementary and secondary
Please turn to Page 4
Nitobe Japanese Garden
around the world and many kinds of
programs run on them,"Dr. Gilmore
said. "A large company will typically use
a variety of computer systems, which
are usually unable to exchange
information with one another. The
proliferation of different computers and
programs is much greater on a national
and international basis. Our software is a
bridge that can link most independent
computer networks."
Dr. Gilmore said the original
Please turn to Page 2
Some facilities on campus will be
closed over the Christmas season and
others will be operating on reduced
UBC Reports did a check to find out
where you can go for food, recreation
and even to study during the holidays.
The official closure dates for the
University are Wednesday, Dec. 25,
Thursday, Dec. 26 and Wednesday, )an.
1. The last day of classes for most
faculties is Friday, Dec. 6, with
Christams exams beginning the following
Monday (Dec. 9).
The Ponderosa snack bar, EDibles and
the Arts 200 (Buchanan) cafeteria will
be closed after Dec. 6, the Bus Stop
coffee shop closes after Dec. 11, and
the Barn coffee shop, IRC snack bar,
SUBWay cafeteria and Yum Yum's (Old
Auditorium) will be closed after Dec. 20.
The Bus Stop Express will remain open
on weekdays from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
(closed Dec. 25, 26 and ]an. 1) and will
be open on Saturday, Dec. 7 and
Saturday, Dec. 14 from 10 a.m to 3:30
p.m. Christmas bakeshop counters are
set up in the SUBWay cafeteria and the
Bus Stop Express, or you can place an
order by calling 228-5717.
The Museum of Anthropology will be
open regular hours during the
Christmas season except for a 5 p.m.
closure on Dec. 24 and closures on
Dec. 25 and 26. The Aquatic Centre will
be open daily except for Dec. 25 and
26 with a revised schedule of public
swimming hours. For hours, call
228-4521. The Bookstore, which is
featuring specials on many Christmas
gift items, is open regular hours in
December, except for an early 2 p.m.
closing on Dec. 24 and closures on Dec.
25, 26 and fan. 1.
Most library branches have extended
Please turn to Page 2
See CLOSURES UBC Reports, December 5,1985
UBC researcher promotes multicultural
approach to mental health services
• Canada's official multiculturalism
policy presents enormous opportunities
for Canadian psychiatric researchers.
• The next frontier of modern
psychiatry will be research into
differences in the way ethnic
communities react to mental health
problems and their treatment.
• By defining these differences more
accurately, psychiatric treatment around
the world will improve.
These are the observations of Dr.
Tsung-yi Lin of UBC's psychiatry
department who gave the 1985
academic lecture of the Royal College of
Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
Dr. Lin, honorary president of the
World Federation of Mental Health and
a specialist in cross-cultural psychiatry,
says Canada's adoption of multiculturalism
as state policy is "unprecedented
political action in modern world
history." He adds that the nurturing of
ethnic groups in Canada gives Canadian
psychiatric researchers the opportunity
to make a major contribution to world
Dr. Lin points to three examples which
demonstrate how ethnic communities
in Canada respond in dramatically
different ways in areas of mental
health—alcohol abuse, reaction to
psychiatric drugs, and acceptance or
rejection of psychotherapy.
"Alcoholism is a modern plague,"
says Dr. Lin, "and problems caused by
alcohol abuse have been increasing in
intensity in Canada, with serious health,
psychological and social consequences.
But there are fascinating differences in
the way various ethnic groups respond
to alcohol.
"For example, both native Indians
and Chinese Canadians share a
biogenetic feature that makes them
extremely intolerant to alcohol—they
lack an enzyme critical to alcohol's
metabolism," says Dr. Lin. "Native
Indian susceptibility to alcoholism is
President and faculty
meet with local media
Members of the local media visited
Norman MacKenzie House last week
(Nov. 27) to meet with President David
Strangway and members of the UBC
faculty. The meeting was the second in a
series of informal receptions organized
by UBC's Community Relations Office to
promote a better understanding in the
media of UBC's contributions to the
"It's essential that the public be aware
of the value of UBC's research,
teaching and public service to B.C. and
to Canada as a whole, and the mass
media is a very effective method of
communicating this message," said Dr.
Future meetings will involve different
members of the media and faculty.
Continued from Page 1
their hours this month. Main and
Woodward Libraries are open until 11
p.m. Sunday through Thursday until
Dec. 20 with some extended hours on
weekends. A complete listing of library
hours is available by calling 228-2077.
After Dec. 21 most libraries will be
open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. weekdays.
Classes for most faculties begin on
Monday, Jan. 6.
The staff of UBC Reports would like
to wish readers an enjoyable Christmas
season. See you in January.
well-known, but the disease is rare
among the Chinese, even among those
who have lived in Canada for 50 years or
more. The difference reflects the
exposure of the Chinese to alcohol in
everyday life for thousands of years
compared with the recent introduction
of alcohol into native Indian society in
the last century," says Dr. Lin. "The
Chinese have adopted a different
attitude and behavior towards alcohol
abuse, despite a physical susceptibility.
Dr. Lin points to another interesting
cultural contrast in alcohol-related
"The province of Quebec, where the
largest proportion of French-Canadians
live, ranks among the lowest in per
capita alcohol consumption, in the
middle range for alcohol-related
deaths, and at the bottom in alcohol-
related problems which include driving
associated with drinking in comparison
with other provinces. This contrasts
strongly with drinking in France, which
ranks first in the world in per capita
Conversely, Anglo-Canadians in B.C.
rank near the top in all aspects of
alcohol abuse, while the British in the
U.K. rank among the lowest in alcohol
consumption and abuse in all
industrialized nations.
"It's fascinating to look at the
environmental or socio-cultural factors
and adaptations that have influenced
French and English descendants to adopt
different attitudes toward alcohol in
Canada," Dr. Lin said.
Different cultural groups also react
differently to various drugs used in
psychiatry, says Dr. Lin. "For many of
the major groups of drugs, Asians
require much lower dosages than
Caucasians."     There are also different
cultural attitudes towards psychotherapy.
"Modern psychiatry originated and
was developed almost exclusively in
Europe and North America," he says,"
and is rooted in Western philosophical
and cultural concepts of man and his
relationship with family, fellow human
beings and nature."
So it is not surprising that the
Japanese and Chinese, who don't shaje
the same cultural assumptions, have
not been sympathetic to some forms of
psychotherapy, such as psychoanalysis.
"In the West, except for certain
schools of mysticism, the mind and
body are separate. To the Chinese, the
"person" itself is a microcosm, an
extension, a mirror of what surrounds it.
The self, properly functioning, is a
mirror of society. Traditional Chinese
medicine does not even think in terms
of a mind-body dichotomy. There is no
way to think of them except in unitary
terms. The two are inseparable."
Dr. Lin's career in cross-cultural
psychiatry is a natural extension ot his
own background. He was born and
raised in Taiwan under colonial rule and
educated in Japan, Europe and North
America. English is his fifth language.
He has published a number of books
in a variety of languages. The latest is
Mental Health Planning for One Billion
People, an out-growth of his appointment
in 1981 as the official advisor on mental
health to the Chinese Minister of Health.
Dr. Lin was reponsible for the planning
of mental health services for all of
In the book, co-edited with Dr. Leon
Eisenberg, professor of psychiatry and
chairman of the social medicine and
policy department at Harvard University,
Dr. Lin says that psychiatry was almost
totally neglected in China prior to
All that changed with the revolution
in 1949 that created the People's
Republic of China. "Unprecedented
emphasis was placed on the health of
the people. For the first time in
Chinese history, the health of the
common people has been given major
political and administrative attention at
all levels of government."
Advances made in psychiatry during
the Great Leap Forward in the early
1960s were threatened by the upheaval
and social dislocation of the Cultural
Revolution in 1966.
"The displacement of medical
professionals during the Cultural
Revolution had a ruinous impact on
psychiatry which was still at the
beginning of its evolution."
Today China is creating new mental
health services. The dominant concern
for the foreseeable future, says Dr. Lin,
will be the treatment and care of
severe mental disorders, especially
schizophrenia. Rather than relying on
pyschiatric hospitals as key facilities, the
treatment will be an integral part of the
primary health care system that is
already well-developed in all parts of
The treatment of schizophenia is
another subject that has been profoundly
affected by Dr. Lin's cross-cultural
research. Up until 1969, the disease was
defined differently in various parts of
the world. It was uncertain whether
psychiatrists of different nationalities
were dealing with the same disease.
Dr. Lin was the principal investigator
of an international study for the World
Health Organization that established
firm criteria for defining and diagnosing
the disease. The criteria are now used
all over the world.
Endowed Chair established
An endowed Chair has been established
in UBC's Faculty of Law to honour the
late Douglas McK. Brown, a leading
member of the Canadian legal
community until his death in 1982.
Douglas McK. Brown, who was born
in Vancouver in 1912 and was educated
at UBC and Cambridge University,
taught on a part-time basis in UBC's law
faculty from 1947 until 1962. He was
called to the Bar of British Columbia in
1937 and spent his professional career
with Russell & DuMoulin, interrupted
only by his war service. He was known
and respected throughout Canada for his
many contributions to the legal
profession and the community.
The establishment of the Chair will
enable leading members of the legal
profession — judges, practitioners and
academics — to teach and carry out
research at UBC, to provide continuing
legal education and to deliver an annual
Douglas McK. Brown paper on recent
developments of the law. Some
preference will be given to those with
expertise in Constitutional law, litigation
and the commercial laws of Pacific
Rim countries. The first scholar to come
to UBC under the Brown visiting
professorships will be Prof. Alice E-S Tay
of the University of Sydney, an expert
on Chinese law.
The new Chair will also provide
bursaries for students in the law faculty.
United Way
Have you sent in your United Way
pledge yet?
Organizers of the campus United Way
campaign have extended the deadline
for contributions in order to make a final
appeal to the UBC community.
Prof. Dennis Pavlich, who chaired the
1985 campaign, said this year's total of
$76,500 is about $30,000 short of last
year's contributions. "The response has
been disappointing, but we're hopeful
that people who haven't sent in the
pledge cards will respond to this final
Botanical Garden
becomes part of
Agriculture faculty
UBC's Botanical Garden is now part of
the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.
The new administrative arrangement
aims to foster more interaction
between units within the faculty and the
garden, which has contributed to the
faculty's teaching programs in Landscape
Architecture and Plant Science in the
Bruce Macdonald, the garden's
acting director, said the garden staff
welcome the move into the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences and look forward
to an active and continual participation
in horticulture programs and events.
Continued from Page 1
intention of the UBC group was to
develop a messaging and file transfer
system that allowed Canadian researchers
to communicate with each other more
"Canada is a large country.
Communication between major centres
is sometimes difficult, and progress in
research depends on inexpensive and
rapid communication of research data.
But we soon realized there were
enormous commercial applications for
the software," he said.  Sydney
Development chairman and chief
executive officer Walter Steel said
representatives of major communications
agencies are descending on Vancouver.
Sales have already been made to such
international giants as AT&T in the U.S.,
Siemens in West Germany, British
Telecom, the Olivetti Corp. in Italy and
to AES Data in Canada.
Work on the software program began
early in 1981 and has been sponsored
by NSERC grants totalling $430,000.
NSERC has made an additional $l
million grant which will be used by UBC
and Sydney researchers to improve and
extend the software.
The software can use a variety of
languages. In Canada, both English and
French are used. In its final version, Dr.
Gilmore said, text, images and voice
recordings will be included in
messages, even in the same message.
"Government and private telephone
companies around the world are
planning to install such software to
create messaging services for their
customers," he said.
"The Italian postal authority, for
example, wants to install printers in
post offices in all major Italian cities. An
electronic message from anywhere in
the world could be routed to a printer
and delivered to the receiver by a
postal carrier." UBC Reports, December 5,1985
Dr. Strangway installed as UBC's 10th president
UBC Reports interviewed Dr. David
Strangway in advance of his installation
as the University's tenth president on
Tuesday (Dec. 3) in the War Memorial
Gymnasium. He was asked to outline
the main themes of his installation
UBC REPORTS: Will your speech be
addressed to the various constituencies
that make up the UBC community?
DR. STRANGWAY: To the components
of the University community, yes, and
also to some other constituencies that
the University relates to, the government
for instance.
One of the recurring things that
people have said to me since I arrived
at UBC is "You have a real challenge
ahead of you." I know that that's the
case and I accepted that when I agreed
to become UBC's president.
I also believe, however, that each
component of the University community
faces challenges resulting from the
problems that have arisen in recent
years, particularly those associated with
under-funding. Each of the components
has to shoulder some of the responsibilities
of the challenge.
I guess you could say that will be the
basic message of my address.
UBCR: What message will you have
for the faculty of the University?
DR. STRANGWAY: What I hope will
come across to them is that they have
a special obligation, as teachers and
researchers, to ensure that UBC retains
its reputation as one of the basic
intellectual resources of Canada in
general and B.C. in particular.
The challenge they face is that of
providing high-quality teaching and
research. That, I think, is their single
most important duty. And as a
sub-challenge to that, I feel they have
an obligation to help convey to the
government and the public-at-large the
quality and strength of what we do at
the University.
I want the faculty to know, too, that I
regard tenure as one of the cornerstones
in the foundation of a university. The
granting of it is a matter of the utmost
seriousness and should be subject to the
highest standards of competence.
But there is an obverse side to the
tenure coin, as it were. Hand-in-hand
with the tenure issue goes academic
freedom, and the message is that the
privileged position conferred on an
individual through the granting of
tenure carries with it the obligation to
speak out on issues that he or she
thinks are important.
Academics have tended to be
passive in terms of using the platform of
tenure as a launching pad, if I may use
that term, for putting on record their
views on issues they are competent to
deal with.
UBCR: Will there be some messages
for students in your address?
DR. STRANGWAY: Several. Parenthetically, I'd like to say that I've been
singularly impressed with the competent
way in which UBC students run their
own affairs. I understand that's a
tradition that goes right back to the
beginnings of the University. That
tradition and the student record in
building or helping to build facilities
for athletics and student government are
really quite unique.
Update: Dec. 5, 1985. Rick Hansen has
travelled 10,500 miles on his round-the-
world wheelchair tour to raise funds for
spinal cord research and rehabilitation,
and is currently in Preveza, Greece.
Contributions in B.C. so far total
$500,000. If you'd like to make a
donation or help with the tour
administration, please call 687-5200.
I think the most important message
I'll try to convey next week to students
is this—when you enrol at a large and
comprehensive university like this one,
you suddenly have at your disposal an
incredibly varied resource that is
unmatched anywhere in terms of books,
computers, the arts, to name only
three, and especially people, in the
sense of the range of interests and
The obligation of the student is to
open his or her mind, sample widely and
deeply, and take everything possible
out of the institution. I believe they also
have a duty to be participants in the
governing process.
Another message I hope will come
through is that they are, in a sense,
beginning alumni. Enrolling at a
university is really a lifetime commitment
which carries with it an obligation to
know and understand the university and
all it stands for.
Students are really the University's
link with the community. In the years
ahead, we expect they will send
messages back to us when they see
deficiencies that the University should
be dealing with, including deficiencies
in their own education which we can
repair through continuing education,
professional and otherwise.
The obligation of the student is to
open his or her mind, sample
widely and deeply, and take
everything possible out of the
UBCR: And our alumni?
DR. STRANGWAY: Yes, I have several
messages for the graduates of UBC. But
there's one other group I'd like to give a
message to and that's the University's
support staff.
First, I want them to know how
highly I value the contribution they
make to the day-to-day activities of the
University. If they were not here on a
continuing basis, the-University would
eventually grind to a halt.
Their lot in recent years has not been
an enviable one—the salary freeze and
increased work loads have contributed
to an atmosphere of uncertainty and
anxiety. The challenge to this
important group of UBC employees is to
continue to perform your duties to the
best of your ability in order to assist the
University through these difficult
As for the graduates of the
University, the first and most important
challenge they face is to become more
involved in the affairs of the University,
particularly in these difficult times. It
is only through knowing and understanding the problems of the University,
its faculty and students that graduates
can be effective spokespersons for us in
the community.
We will be placing a great deal of
emphasis over the next few years on
strategic planning—identifying those
academic units where things are done
well so that we can provide the
resources to see that they can continue
to do things very well.
It will be essential that graduates
have a voice in that process because
they bring a unique viewpoint to
deliberations of that sort, the viewpoint
of those who have to cope with
society's problems on a day-to-day basis
and who see with clarity difficulties
which are sometimes only vaguely
perceived elsewhere.
And in the context of knowing and
understanding the University, it would
be my expectation that there would be
wider and increased financial support
of the institution through the Alumni
Annual Giving Fund.
It is that increased participation that
will give us the margin of excellence...
enable us to go that extra mile, as it
were. Alumni contributions will never
be the main core of support for the
University, but I'm convinced their
contributions could make the difference
/ think the challenge to government
is to develop clear-cut objectives for
our post-secondary institutions and
to provide funding appropriate to
those roles. If that is not possible,
government has an obligation to
indicate which of those objectives
we should not meet.
between us being a good University
and an outstanding one.
In the final analysis, however, there
is more than a financial challenge here
for graduates. I believe they have an
obligation to know the problems that
the University faces so they can speak
out on our behalf whenever possible.
Another group I want to send a
message to are community leaders, and I
realize, of course, that many of these
will also be graduates. But this is one
group that I hope will make a special
effort to get to know the University and
what it has to offer.
This because they have valuable
things to say about what a university
can and should do for its community
and, perhaps more important, those
things that would compromise our role
in speaking out. I want community
leaders to challenge us, use us and
support us.
UBCR: Are you planning to include a
message to governments in your
DR. STRANGWAY: I can't see how I
can avoid it. I guess the message I'd like
to send is that I'm eager to engage in a
dialogue with government to clarify
some of the basic issues that seem to
cloud our relationship. In all my reading
of the University Act and higher
education history in B.C., I can find no
definitive statement on the part of
government that deals with the role
universities are expected to play in
provincial development.
I think the challenge to government
is to develop clear-cut objectives for our
post-secondary institutions and to
provide funding appropriate to those
roles. If that is not possible,
government has an obligation to
indicate which of those objectives we
should not meet.
It seems to me we cannot be
expected to do all things for all people
and to be funded to be able to do only
a few things for a few people.
Having said these things to specific
audiences, I must also speak to a larger
audience—the people of British
Columbia, because my reading of
University history tells me that UBC
was founded on the understanding that
it was an institution that aimed to
serve all the people of the province.
It is absolutely essential that we
have their support and understanding.
This places a very heavy obligation on
the University.
We must communicate to them what
UBC is now and what it can be, that we
are committed to first-class teaching
and research and that we review and
assess our activities constantly, not
only in terms of provincial educational
needs but also against those great
universities we consider to be our peers.
We must do more to tell the
province about our challenges and
responsibilities —in health care and
high technology, in the humanities, the
Dr. David Strangway
social sciences and the performing arts,
and in fostering critical thinking and
writing skills.
This will also involve describing how
we plan to change and adjust our
academic programs in the face of rapid
changes in society. And we must
convince people that we are willing to
co-operate with government to ensure
that B.C. has a University in its midst of
which it can be proud.
I said earlier that I had been reading
some UBC history. One thing that has
really impressed me is the incredible
resilience of the institution in the face
UBC always seems to have risen to
the challenge and to have emerged
from its trials strengthened and
improved. That gives me a great deal
of optimism about the future.
of adversity.
UBC always seems to have risen to
the challenge and to have emerged from
its trials strengthened and improved.
That gives me a great deal of optimism
about the future.
Certainly, I would not have agreed to
come to UBC as president if I had not
been convinced that this University
would be true to its history and would
continue to strive to become the
university envisioned by its founders.
When I take the oath of office next
week I will have committed myself to
that vision. That is the challenge I face
and the obligation I accept.
I can't think of a better way to end my
remarks than to remind the constituencies I've addressed of the
University's motto —TUUM EST. In the
final analysis "It's Up To You!" UBC Reports, December 5,1985
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the weeks of Jan 12 and 19, notices
must be submitted not later than 4:30 p.m. on
Thursday, )an. 2. Notices must be submitted on
proper Calendar forms to the Community Relations
Office, Room 207, Old Administration Building,
6328 Memorial Road. The next issue of UBC
Reports will be published on Jan. 9,1986. For
more information, call 228-3131.
French Intensive Sunday.
All-day French conversational program. $50
includes lunch and dinner. For information, call
Language Programs and Services, Centre for
Continuing Education, 222-5226 Room D339,
Buchanan Building 10 a.m —10 p.m
Biochemical Discussion Group.
The Use of Photo-Affinity Labeles to Discriminate
Between Nucleotide Binding of F-1. Prof. EC.
Slater, Laboratory of Biochemistry, B.C.P. lansen
Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. IRC 3.
11 a.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Direct Contact Heat Exchange in Low-Temperature
Power Production Dr. |. Richard Phillips. Room
206, Chemical Engineering Building. 1:30 p.m.
Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Experimental Studies of Parkinson's Disease Using
MPTP as a Model. V.W. Yong, Pharmacology &
Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, UBC  Room
317, Basic Medical Sciences Building, Block C. 12
Psychology Colloquium.
Metacognition and the Feeling of Knowing. Prof
Thomas Nelson, Psychology, University of
Washington. Room 2510, Kenny Psychology
Building. 4 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Experimental Diabetes—Induced Changes in the
Myocardial B-Adrenoceptor System  Dr. lassanka
Ramanadham, Pharmacology and Toxicology,
Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC. IRC 3. 12:30 p.m.
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Botanical Garden Sale.
The Friends of the UBC Botanical Carden are
having a sale of unique Christmas gifts made from
the garden's plants. The sale takes place from
3 — 8 p.m. on Dec. 13 and from 11 a.m. - 5 p.m. on
Dec. 14 and 15. in the shop at the entrance to the
Main Garden, 6250 Stadium Road.
Archaeological Institute Lecture.
1o the Farthest Islands of the World. Prof. Richard
Pearson. Anthropology, UBC theatre, Museum of
Anthropology. 8 p.m.
Illustrated Lecture.
Comet Halley. David Vogt, Geophysics and
Astronomy, UBC. Sponsored by the Centre for
Continuing Education. $4 at the door, no
pre-registration required. Bring a lunch. Call
222-5273 for details. Robson Square Media Centre,
800 Robson Street. 12 noon —1 p.m.
Pediatrics Seminar.
Processing of Epidermal Growth Factor and
Prostaglandin in the Gastrointestinal Tract of
Suckling Rats  Dr O Koldovsky, Pediatrics,
University of Arizona. Room 202, The Research
Centre, 950 W. 28th Avenue. 12 noon.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Heat Shock and Stress Proteins: A Molecular
Update: Mark Heschl, Biology, Simon Fraser
University. Parentcraft Room, Main Floor, Grace
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Christmas Day. University closed.
Boxing Day. University closed.
New Year's Day. University closed.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
How to Keep Out the Cold on Long Swedish Nights
(Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion for
Beginners). Clive Brereton, graduate student. Room
206, Chemical Engineering Building. 1:30 p.m.
Archaeological Institute Lecture.
Corinth, Metropolis of the Ancient Mediterranea
Dr. Hector Williams, Classics, UBC. Theatre,
Vancouver Centennial Museum. 8 p.m.
Notices . . .
Crystals for Christmas
For an unusual gift idea, consider a crystal or one
of the other geological specimens available at the
UBC Geological Museum's collector's shop. The
museum is having a Christmas sale throughout
December during normal hours (8:30 a.m. —4:30
p.m. weekdays, and on Wednesday, December 11
and Thursday, December 19 from 7:30 to 9:30
pm. The Geology Museum is located on the main
floor of the Geological Sciences Building  For
more information, call |oe Nagel at 228-5586.
students with mild learning handicaps
are integrated into regular classrooms."We
have built into the new program a
component that prepares teachers for
the problems they will face in
identifying and dealing with that special
group of students," Dr. Elliott said.
In response to concerns expressed by
students, the new curriculum also puts
increased emphasis on classroom
organization and management.
Another innovation of the new
curriculum, he said, is a required
course in the teaching of language and
reading for students who intend to
teach at the secondary level. "We now
have such a course at the elementary
level," Dr. Elliott said, "but we propose
that prospective secondary teachers
should be prepared for their role in
language teaching, since many classroom
problems are related to the inability of
students to cope with language."
Dr. Elliott added that the new
curriculum addresses a problem of
increasing concern to practising teachers—
the brevity and apparent disjointedness
of the practice teaching component of
the existing program. The new
curriculum provides for sustained,
structured school experiences extending
over three of the four terms that make
up the two-year program. The entire
third term will consist of an extended
The teacher education proposal also
includes a wide range of courses on
modern educational practice as well as
elective or prescribed studies geared to
the student's academic and professional
Students who apply for admission to
the UBC teacher education program
next year must have completed a
minimum of 45 units of university
credit. (A normal, winter session
program at UBC consists of five
courses, each valued at 3 units). Up to
two years of appropriate university
transfer courses may be completed at a
regional college in B.C. or elsewhere.
All applicants must have completed
English I00, 12 units of course work
covering at least four of eight broad
subject areas and at least three units of
course work with significant Canadian
content or approach. Applicants must
have completed all courses for their
Continued from Page 1
teaching majors or concentrations and
will require a 65 per cent average for
admission on this work.
Dr. Elliott said the Faculty of
Education's admissions committee
would place greater emphasis on
previous teaching and teaching-related
experience. "Research suggests that
students who have had some prior
teaching experience in Sunday schools,
as teacher aides, etc., or related
experience as volunteers working with
the handicapped or in movements like
the Boy Scouts or the Girl Guides have
better prospects as teachers than those
without such experience."
UBCs Native Indian Teacher Education
Program (NITEP) will also be affected by
the new curriculum. Students will
continue taking their first two years of
study in off-campus centres before
coming to the campus for three years.
However, there will be increased
emphasis on arts and science course
work in the first two years of NITEP.
Dr. Elliott said the proposed new
Education curriculum had been
developed by the faculty's l5-member
curriculum committee over a period of
seven to eight years.
"Although there have been some
significant changes in the faculty's
programs over the years," he said, "the
curriculum is basically the one that has
been in place since the I956 when UBC
formed the Faculty of Education and
incorporated the provincial Normal
School into its structure.
"Piecemeal attempts to deal with the
problems that have arisen over time
have not been totally successful. It
became apparent to the committee that
the existing program could not be
repaired and that a large-scale and more
fundamental revision was required."
The proposed curriculum incorporates
many of the major recommendations
of the I969 report of the Committee on
the Future of the Faculty of
Education —the COFFE Report.
The final recommendations were
developed after discussion and
consultation with the provincial
Ministry of Education, numerous
teachers' organizations, including the
B.C. Teachers' Federation, school
superintendents, student organizations
and University faculties and departments.
Faculty/Staff Exercise Class
Faculty and staff exercise classes will be offered
on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays from 12:30
to 1:05 p.m. from |an  6 to April 4 in Gym E of
the Osborne Centre. Instructor is Stanley Brown of
the School of Physical Education and Recreation.
For more iformation. call 228-39%.
Fine Arts Gallery
An exhibition of bowls hy Charmian lohnson is
on display until Dec. 21. The gallery is located in
the basement of the Main Library. Hours are 10
a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Friday and 12 noon
to 5 p.m. on Saturdays Closed Sundays and
Grant Application Deadlines: Jan. 1986
Agriculture Canada (CPD)
-New Crop Development Fund (1)
Agriculture Canada: CFS
-PRUF Contract (15)
American Chemical Society
Research Type AC (1)
American Institute for Cancer Research
-Research (1)
Apple Canada Education Foundation
-Microcomputer Research (15)
B.C. Cancer Foundation
-Travel Grant for Post-doctoral Fellows
B.C. Medical Services Foundation
-Research (7)
Calgary Inst, for the Humanities
-Visiting Post-doctoral Fellowship (31)
Canada Council: Aid to Artists
-Aid To Artists (15)
Canada Council: Explorations Prog.
-Explorations Crant (15)
Canada Council: Writing/Public.
-Translation grant (15)
Canadian Intl. Development Agency
-CIDA Awards Offered to Canadians (31)
Canadian Veterinary Research Trust
-Grants in Aid of Research (1)
Diabetes Canada
-Research Fellowship (4)
-Research Scholarship (4)
Environment Canada (EPS)
-Visiting Fellowship in Biotechnology (1)
Fitness and Amateur Sport: Sport Canada
-Sport Science Support Program (15)
Ford Foundation (USA)
-Soviet/East European/lntl. Security
Fellowship (31)
Hamber Foundation
-Foundation Crant (5)
Health & Welfare Canada
-Health Promotion Contribution Program
Imperial Oil Limited
-University Research Grants (15)
Labour Canada
-University Research (15)
Labour Canada (TIRF)
-Technology Impact Research Fund (15)
Lalor Foundation
-Fellowship (15)
March of Dimes Birth Defects Fdn.
-Education Grants (1)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-Advanced Research Workshops Program
-Advanced Study Institutes (ASI) (15)
NSERC: Fellowships Division
-Visiting Fellowships in Canadian Gov't.
Labs (15)
Rockefeller Foundation
-Fellowships in International Relations
Secretary of State: Canadian Studies
-Canadian Studies: Writing Awards (1)
Smithsonian Institution
-Fellowship (15)
-Harvard-Smithsonian Astrophysics
Fellowship (1)
Solicitor General of Canada
-Criminological Research (1)
SSHRC: Research Communic. Div.
-Attendance Grants to Scholarly
Associations (20)
-Program of Aid to Scholarly Associations
• St. Hilda's College
-Julia Mann Junior Res. Fellowship (20)
• World Wildlife Fund (Canada)
-General Research (1)


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