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UBC Reports Sep 22, 1971

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Winter session enrolment at the University of B.C.
appears to have declined for the first time in 23 years.
Figures released by UBC's Registrar, Mr. J.E.A.
Parnall, on Friday, Sept. 17, show that 19,683
students had completed registration. An additional
500 graduate students are expected to register,
which would result in a total enrolment of about
20,183 students for the 1971-72 winter session.
The last time UBC's winter session enrolment
showed a-decline was 1948 when 8,810 students
registered as compared to 9,374 the previous year.
UBC's estimated 1971-72 enrolment of 20,183
students is 925 students short of the 21,108
prediction prepared earlier this year by the Off ice of
Academic Planning and 757 students lower than the
final enrolment for the 1970-71 winter session.
Hardest hit of UBC's 12 faculties is the Faculty of
Arts, which had enrolled 4,774 students to last
Friday, 669 below estimates.
"There has been a shocking drop in enrolment in
every year in the Faculty of Arts," Mr. Parnall said.
"It appears that students have been frightened by
reports that the bachelor of arts degree is losing its
Other faculties which have suffered enrolment
declines are Applied Science, which is 126 students
below estimates for its engineering programs;
Commerce, 62 students below estimates; and
Education, 89 students below estimates.
The only UBC faculties to show an increase over
estimated enrolments are Agricultural Sciences, which
has nine students above estimated enrolment, and
Science, which has enrolled 87 students more than
DUAL ice rinks in the Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre are expected to reopen for skating early in
October after Doyle Construction Co. workmen have
erected reinforcing steelwork designed to support the
roof and supporting wooden beams. The two ice rinks
have been out of action since mid-January when it
was discovered that several of the laminated wooden
beams supporting the roof had developed cracks.
De-humidifying units are also being installed in the
ice    arena    to    remove    moisture
Senate Refers Report
Back to Committee
The chairman of a UBC Senate committee to
recommend priorities on new academic buildings says
Senate may not be the place where such decisions
should be made.
Prof. Harry Smith, chairman of the Senate
Committee on Academic Building Needs, says that
perhaps the committee should once again become a
committee established by and reporting to the
University President.
Prof. Smith, of the Faculty of Forestry, made
these suggestions following the Sept. 15 meeting of
Senate which sent back to his committee its report
containing recommendations on priorities for new
academic buildings to be constructed in the two years
from April 1, 1972, to March 31, 1974.
The report gave top priority to a new building for
the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, a new building for the Department of
Civil Engineering, and a new north wing for the
Biological Sciences Building. The committee said it
expected to recommend a fourth priority building
project later this fall.
Prof. Smith said that if the committee is to be
appointed by Senate, perhaps deans and others
representing groups requesting new buildings should
be excluded from membership.
"l was alarmed (during the debate) at the way
Senators sprang to the defense of their own projects,"
Please turn to Page Two
The science faculty experienced an increase of 146
students in its second year, but there have been
counter-balancing declines in the senior years.
One puzzling aspect of enrolment in the Faculty
of Law is that 31 of 200 students accepted for entry
into first year have failed to register. There were 900
applicants for entry into the faculty.
Following are enrolment figures to last Friday in
the various faculties, school and departments (the
figures in brackets indicate increases or decreases over
1971-72 estimates, not last year's final enrolment
figures): Arts, 4,774 (-669); School of Home
Economics, 278 (-10); Music, 291 (+20); Fine Arts,
17 (-6); School of Social Work, 138 (-0); School of
Librarianship, 65 (-11).
Agricultural Sciences, 223 (+9); Applied Science,
1,013 (-126); School of Architecture, 149 (-3);
School of Nursing, 225 (-16); Commerce and Business
Administration, 1,002 (-62); Education, 3,061 (-89);
School of Physical Education, BPE program 416
(-31), Recreation program, 132 (+8).
Law, 589 (-37); Medicine, 250 (-8); School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, 179 (+55); Dentistry, 140
(-4); Dental Hygiene, 40 (+2); Science, 3,544 (+87);
Pharmaceutical Sciences, 273 (-14); Forestry, 210
(-32); Graduate Studies, 2,288 (-566).
A   University    Review   Committee   on   Research
Involving   Human  Subjects will   meet  again  Friday
(Sept. 24) to discuss for a second time a drug research
project under the direction of Dr. Conrad Schwarz,
consulting psychiatrist to UBC's Health Service.
Under discussion will be a report from the Interim
Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects of
the Faculty of Medicine, which has found nothing
ethically objectionable about the project but wants
subjects of the study to have further information
about it before participating.
Under review is a questionnaire developed by Dr.
Schwarz and two colleagues over the summer to serve
as the basis for a project designed to study some of
the possibly effects of drugs, including marijuana,
hashish, tobacco, alcohol and other chemicals on
Dr. Schwarz and his colleagues, both residents in
psychiatry in the student Health Service, approached
students at random during registration week in the
Wesbrook, Buchanan and Student Union Buildings
and asked them to take part by answering questions
put to them by the researchers.
Dr. Schwarz said that he decided on Monday,
Sept. 13, the first day of lectures in UBC's 1971-72
winter session, because of possible objections to his
survey, to postpone any further work on the project
pending a review of the questionnaire by two
president's committees which screen research projects
involving human subjects.
Dr. Schwarz told UBC Reports at press time that
the decision to postpone further work on the project
at UBC would stand until the committees have
completed their review and "the current level of
hysteria about the project has subsided."
Dr. Schwarz's study was also the subject of a
resolution by Mr. Steve Garrod, a student Senator
and current president of the Alma Mater Society, at
Senate's meeting on Sept. 15.
The resolution asked that the project "be
suspended until it is thoroughly reviewed by an
appropriate committee of the Senate concerning its
ethical implications."
Senate refused to consider the motion as presented
Please turn to Page Four
Continued from Page One
he said.
The upshot of the long Senate debate on the
committee's report was a motion by Dr. W.C. Gibson
of the Faculty of Medicine that the report be referred
back to the committee "for further consideration
along the lines suggested to it by tonight's discussion
and for early return to Senate."
This motion, as well as another by Prof. A.D.
Scott of the Department of Economics, was passed.
Prof. Scott's motion called on the committee, in
reporting back to Senate, to "furnish for early
discussion comments on the criteria and weights used
in its evaluations with, if possible, sensitivity
He said a sensitivity analysis was a method used
"when a set of proposals are summarized using a set
of criteria or weights and then are evaluated again
using a different set of criteria or weights so that
people can see just how much difference particular
criteria or weights matter in the priorities that are
eventually reached."
Senators levelled volleys of criticism at the report.
A point repeated throughout the debate was first
brought up by Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth of the
Department of Economcis:
"The report is not written in such a manner that
enables the rest of us to judge whether they (the
committee members) have reached a sensible
decision. The report just doesn't contain the
information necessary to do thaf."
Prof. Smith said at the beginning of the debate
that several faculty members who contacted him after
they received the report were concerned about the
criteria used in assigning priorities.
"These criteria, we have to admit, are under
continued study and certainly require refinement and
improvement," he said.
The committee obtained information from the
deans, the Librarian, the director of the Computing
Centre, the President's Office, the Department of
Physical Plant, and the Office of Academic Planning,
he said.
Some 30 briefs were presented to the committee.
When it received the intial ranking of proposals from
the Office of Academic Planning, the majority of the
committee quickly reached agreement on the three
priorities recommended in the report. Prof. Smith
The committee assumed that the University
would have $12 million in capital funds for the next
two fiscal years. Ten per cent of that sum was set
aside to cover major buildng renovations and
alterations. Prof. Smith said.
The committee didn't have the resources nor the
authority to make a detailed study of what should be
done once priorities were assigned, he said. The
responsibility for this would rest with the President's
Office, the Department of Physical Plant and the
Office of Academic Planning.
"And for this reason primarily we did not include
a summary of criteria that was provided for us by the
Academic Planner and we did not make completely
specific suggestions as to dollar or space
requirements," he said.
Prof. Robert Clark (Academic Planner) said the
selection of building priorities was a political act
made difficult because the requests for buildings
amounted to more than $40 million when the
University might count on $6 million a year for
building construction from the provincial
Criteria for the selection of building priorities in
part came out of the briefs presented and from
discussions within the committee, he said. After the
committee agreed in general to the criteria, the
people presenting briefs were asked to comment on
their proposals in relation to the criteria.
The next problem was to break down the criteria
and give them component weights. Prof. Richard
Seaton, an environmental psychologist in the Office
of Academic Planning, was particularly involved in
this. Prof. Clark said.
Problems arose in applying these criteria, he said.
The    first    was    to    try    to    eliminate    subjective
2/UBC Reports/Sept. 22, 1971
judgments. Prof. Clark said that he and Prof. Seaton
rated each building separately and then compared
their ratings. In general the ratings were close.
Prof. Clark said the second difficulty was lack of
information. Additional data had to be obtained from
the people making the briefs.
The question of the relevance to society of each
discipline represented was the most subjective of the
criteria, Prof. Clark said. Examined under this
heading were:
Disciplines which were neglected or new but were
socially significant; the importance of disciplines
nationally and internationally; current and
prospective social demand for graduates in various
fields; ability to attract outside scholarship and
research funds as distinct from capital for building
construction; degree of utilization of space; rate of
undergraduate and graduate growth; the extent to
which students had been attracted from other
Faculties; and student demands for various courses.
Prof. Clark said the criteria pointed out building
needs but didn't indicate whether needed space
should be in the form of a new building or an annex
to an existing building.
He said the urgency of replacement wasn't
considered as a separate criterion. "We did not, I
think, adequately consider the relationships between
varfbus proposals," he said.
Finally, he said, the criteria didn't say how much
money ought to be spent on a particular proposal nor
which proposal would result in the largest return per
dollar spent.
40   TAKE   PART
This preamble launched a debate which lasted an
hour and three-quarters, and in which approximately
40 Senators took part.
Some Senators put forward arguments for new
accommodation for their own disciplines.
Prof. Harry Warren of the Department of Geology
and Dr. Aaro Aho, a Convocation Senator, said the
Department of Geology still needs money to
complete the Geological Sciences Centre now being
built on Stores Road south of Main Mall.
UBC has contributed $930,000 to the building. A
total of $3.1 million is being sought from the mineral
industry by a committee headed by Dr. Aho. Nearly
$2 million has been received so far.
Prof. C.A. Brockley of the Department of
Mechanical Engineering said the facilities for his
department are the worst he has seen in North
America and Europe.
"For the past five years I've been associated with
professional accreditation activities in Canada," Prof.
Brockley said. "Without a doubt, the undergraduate
facilities for mechanical engineering at this University
are the worst in Canada.
A proposed new pension plan will be circulated
shortly for study by UBC's non-academic staff.
The proposed plan, which would be
Canadian-based, would replace the existing
TIAA-CREF pension plan for non-academic staff,
which is American-based.
An Alternate Pension Committee has been meeting
since last April to discuss the advisability of
withdrawing from the American-based plan and
starting a wholly Canadian plan.
One of the chief reasons for terminating the
existing plan is the proposed amendment of tax laws
by the federal government. The new Canadian
regulations would mean that contributions to the
American-based plan would not be deductible for
income tax purposes.
The proposal for an all-Canadian plan was worked
out by a sub-committee of the Alternate Pension
Committee. The sub-committee was chaired by Mr.
B.J. Twaites, senior technician in the UBC pathology
A general meeting is planned to discuss the
proposed plan after non-academic employees have
had a chance to study it.
"In our tours in North America and Europe, I've
seen nothing to equal conditions here. We are literally
the poorest I have ever seen.
"The faculty is of high calibre. In the last National
Research Council round, we received 75 per cent of
all our grant requests. This was the highest of any
mechanical engineering department in Canada. The
average was 50 per cent."
He suggested that the Departments of Mechanical
Engineering and Civil Engineering share the building
proposed by the committee as a priority for the
Department of Civil Engineering. »
He was supported by Prof. S.D. Cavers of the
Department of Chemical Engineering, who said B.C.
has only one mechanical engineering department
while Alberta and Saskatchewan each have two.
"I thjnk we are failing to support the one
mechanical engineering department that we have even
to the extent of half the support received by the
departments in our two sister provinces, at an
approximate rate at least," he said.
Dean W.D. Liam Finn of the Faculty of Applied
Sciences said he had not been able to contact the
head of the Department of Civil Engineering but that
he himself had no objection to the Departments of
Civil and Mechanical Engineering sharing a new
He said he had hoped the committee would give
priorities to a new building for each department.
Perhaps greater economy would result from building
them as one structure, he said.
Mr. Steve Garrod, Mr. A.M. Smolensky and Mr.
A.R.   Robbins,   Student   Senators,   said  the  report^k
should be rejected because the University had not^^
decided  what its long-term educational  philosophy
should be. Without this groundwork, Mr. Smolensky
said, it is impossible to determine building needs.
"I would recommend that we cease all building
until we have a comprehensive and coherent plan for
the development of education here for the future,"
Mr. Garrod said. "As long as we continue to build we
can only maintain and strengthen that which already
Dean D.T. Kenny of the Faculty of Arts, a
member of Dr. Smith's committee, said he had voted
against the committee's recommendations because he
thought it was acting too hastily.
The major decisions were made in only three
meetings, he said. At the last of these he had been
able to have a new teaching and research building for
Anthropology and Sociology accepted as the
committee's fourth priority. This decision, he said,
was made totally independently of any consideration
of a museum.
Then, he said, when the committee learned in July
of the federal government grant of $2.5 million for a
Centennial Museum of Man, to be built on the
campus, it apparently withdrew the teaching and
research building from its list.
He said this was done "even though the committee
had previously agreed that money from outside
sources should not enter into its deliberations of
criteria. In other words, it was proceeding against its
own general policy."
He said the committee should have given Senate at
least a rough approximation of the amount of space
needed for each of its priority itemsi The committee
couldn't do that, he said, because it had "never really
closely examined the specific requests out of each
Prof. C.S. Belshaw, head of the Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, said the committee
should have sought to identify those components of
the University most in need of new accommodation,
in order to make a case to Victoria for increased
capital grants.
He said there were important negotiations in
progress concerning his department's plans but that
he could not discuss them unless Senate were in
He said the headline ("Reports Lists UBC Building
Priorities") on a summary of the report published in
the Sept. 15 edition of UBC' Reports had jeopardized
his department's position. He did not elaborate. E
ASSISTANT professor of computer science Dr.
Wilfred Hansen, left, tries to look inscrutable for Dr.
Douglas Seeley, also assistant professor of computer
science,  while  contemplating  his next move in an
Oriental game called Go. Members of the UBC
community interested in the game are invited to
weekly sessions in the Graduate Student Centre.
Details    below.
Ancient Oriental Game
Invades UBC Campus
If you like your mind-expanding experiences to be
of the tried-and-true variety, then you probably have
the makings of a Go player.
Go is an ancient Oriental game that is said to have
been invented more than 4,000 years ago by the
Chinese Emperor Shun in order to strengthen the
weak mind of his son.
Dr. Wilfred J. Hansen, assistant professor of
computer science at UBC, is an avid Go player and is
interested in meeting other people who play or would
like to learn to play the game. Anyone in the UBC or
Vancouver communities who is interested in playing
Go may go to the Graduate Student Centre at UBC
on Wednesday evenings at 7:30 p.m.
According to Dr. Hansen, playing Go is an
'esthetic, sensual and competitive experience.
The game is played by two opponents who use a
board with lines that intersect at 361 points. The
game is played with black and white stones. In the
finer Go sets, the black stones are made of slate and
Won't Be
President Walter H. Gage has announced
that, as on previous similar occasions, classes
will not be cancelled on Friday (Sept. 24), the
date of a proposed demonstration by students
and others at the International Boundary.
The demonstration is planned as a protest
against the underground testing of a
five*megaton nuclear warhead by the U.S.
Atomic Energy Commission at Amchitka in the
Aleutian Islands.
President Gage said that so far he has not
received any inquiries or requests for
cancellation of classes.
He said the University has taken no position
on the issue, and that a decision as to whether
to take part in the demonstration was a matter
for the conscience of each individual.
"However," he said, "if there is to be a
demonstration, I hope that it will be held
entirely on the Canadian side of the border,
that it will be peaceful, and that it will remain
entirely within the law."
the white stones are sheil. Each player has 180 stones,
enough to conceivably cover the board.
The game is played on the intersections of the
board. Although "Go" means "stone," the game
could equally well be called the territorial imperative.
The object of the game is to secure pieces of
"territory" on the board and protect them from
encroachment by the opponent. The game ends when
it is clear that all the territory belongs to one of the
The stark patterns formed by the black and white
stones on the Go board do indeed present a pleasing
picture. Also, in playing the game, the stones are
thwacked down on the Go board by the player and
then moved into position. Good Go boards are
constructed so as to give off a satisfying thwacking
sound and some even contain tuning strings that
vibrate on impact.
Although the game was invented by the Chinese,
the Japanese adopted it in the 8th century and it is
now most closely identified with that country,
although it is played to a lesser extent in most other
par.ts of the world.
The game is analogous to chess, not so much in the
appearance of the board and the playing pieces or in
the rules of the game, but because both games require
powers of concentration and a good sense of strategy.
The best Go players, like the best chess players,
have prodigious memories and can take all the stones
from the board at the end of a game and replay the
whole game from memory.
Dean to
UBC's Senate has authorized the School of
Architecture to teach a new curriculum for the
1970-71 session only but has withheld approval of
the program pending an examination by Dean W.D.
Finn, head of the Faculty of Applied Science.
Specifically, Dean Finn has been asked "to
examine the program and structure of the School of
Architecture, and ensure that carefully considered
proposals for a program of courses be prepared in
good time for Senate to approve it well before
publication of next year's calendar."
Dean Finn was asked to carry out the examination
because the School of Architecture is administratively
part of the Faculty of Applied Science.
The new School of Architecture curriculum which
was authorized at the Senate meeting last Wednesday
(Sept. 15) should have been presented to Senate last
January at the latest for debate and approval in order
that it could be printed in the 1971-72 course
The new curriculum involves the introduction of
nine new courses — four in the fall term and five in
the spring term — as well as the revision of many
existing courses.
Prof. John Norris, chairman of the Senate
curriculum committee, told Senate his committee had
recently had an "inadequate" three-hour discussion
of the new architecture curriculum. He said the
committee realized that if the curriculum proposal
was turned down the school would have nothing to
As a result, he said, the curriculum committee had
conferred with the Senate agenda committee and had
worked out the motion before Senate authorizing the
program for 1971-72 but withholding approval
pending an examination by Dean Finn.
Prof. Henry Elder, head of the architecture school,
said there had been no changes in the school's
program since 1968. He said the school had for some
years been "carrying out experiments" and the new
program "is the direction in which we should go for
the next three or four years."
Mr. A.J. Longmore, one of four Senators
appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council,
pointed out that twice in the last six meetings Senate
had been asked to approve late proposals for
curriculum changes.
Prof. Robert Osborne, a member of the curriculum
committee, said he was prepared to support the
proposal providing scrutiny of the new program
began immediately.
Prof. David Hardwick, of the pathology
department, suggested that the Senate curriculum
committee keep "a helpful watching brief" to assist
and guide the school in conjunction with the
examination to be carried out by Dean Finn.
Alumni Reception Will
Honor UBC's President
UBC Alumni Association officials are planning to
present "something special" to President Walter H.
Gage at a reception and barbeque tomorrow
(Thursday, Sept. 23).
The "Age of Gage" reception for students, faculty
and alumni at Cecil Green Park will honor UBC's
sixth president, who has been associated with UBC as
a student, teacher, administrator and president for 50
Admission to the 5:30 to 9:30 p.m. reception is
free. Tickets for the chicken barbeque from 6 to 7:30
p.m. are available at the UBC Alumni Association
offices for $2 each.
Presentation of the gift to President Gage will take
place at 7:30 p.m.
President Gage began his association with UBC as a
student in 1921 and first joined UBC's teaching staff
in 1926 as a teaching assistant and instructor in
As UBC's awards officer he has been responsible
over the years for the disbursement of millions of
dollars to students in prizes, scholarships and
In 1969, the same year he was named president of
the University, he was the recipient of the first Master
Teacher Award. Despite the onerous duties of
running one of Canada's major universities, President
Gage still teaches mathematics 11 hours a week.
UBC Reports/Sept. 22, 1971/3 MR. NORMAN COUSINS
To Speak
Mr. Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday
Review and one of the most influential voices
in contemporary journalism, will speak twice at
the University of B.C. on Wednesday, Oct. 6.
He will speak at 12:30 p.m. in the Frederic
Wood Theatre on the topic "An Environment
for Survival" and at 8 p.m. in the lounge of the
Totem Park Residences on "Planetary
Admission to both lectures, made possible
by grants from the Vancouver Sun Lectureships
and the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation, is
Mr. Cousins, 59, has been editor of the
Saturday Review since 1940, a period in which
the magazine greatly expanded its scope and
increased its circulation from 20,000 to
600,000 readers.
In addition to its intensive coverage of the
arts, education, science and travel, the Saturday
Review also carries a monthly feature on
environment and the quality of life.
Mr. Cousins has earned a reputation as one
of the world's most persuasive and literate
journalists' and his activities in international
affairs have led to him being characterized as a
prototype "world citizen."
His editorials were among the first to
perceive the implications of atomic energy and
the magazine he edits has been in the forefront
of the debate on nuclear issues, from the need
to ban the testing of nuclear weapons to the
need for bringing them under world control.
Mr. Cousins has also argued for the full
development of the United Nations into a
world organization capable of ending the arms
race, enforcing world law and developing a
program to combat pollution and
environmental decay.
He is also noted for his humanitarian
ventures, including the provision of plastic
surgery and medical treatment for a group of
young Japanese women disfigured in the 1945
Hiroshima nuclear bomb explosion and as head
of a project to supply urgently needed drugs
and medical services to the population of Biafra
during the recent civil war in Nigeria.
In addition to editorializing in the Saturday
Review, Mr. Cousins is the author and editor of
a dozen books which expand on his ideas in the
fields of current and international affairs.
He is also noted as a lecturer and has
travelled widely, often under the auspices of
departments of the United States government.
Continued from Page one
but agreed that the project should be screened by the
existing committees concerned with research
involving human subjects.
The screening process had, in fact, already begun.
On the afternoon of the Sept. 15 Senate meeting, the
Interim Committee on Research Involving Human
Subjects in the Faculty of Medicine had met under
the chairmanship of Prof. J.A.M. Hinke, of the
Department of Anatomy.
The committee decided at that meeting, which was
attended by Dr. Schwarz, that there was nothing
ethically wrong with the project. The committee felt,
however, that the preamble to the questionnaire,
which the researchers asked students to read, did not
give adequate information to the students about the
kinds of questions to be asked.
The interim committee suggested that the students
should be told that some questions were of an
intimate and personal nature and that they were at
liberty   to   withdraw   from   the  survey   while  the
interview was being conducted or even after it had
been completed.
The interim committee also decided to refer the
questionnaire to a University-wide Review Committee
on Research Involving Human Subjects which is
under the chairmanship of Prof. William Hoar of the
Department of Zoology.
Dr. Hoar's committee met on Friday (Sept. 17) to
discuss the findings of the Faculty of Medicine's
interim committee.
"Some members of the committee, who have
teaching and research duties off the campus at places
like the Vancouver General Hospital, knew little or
nothing about Dr. Schwarz's questionnaire," Dr. Hoar
siad, "and it was decided to hold another meeting on
Friday, Sept. 24."
In the meantime, he said, members of the review
committee would study the questionnaire, the report
of the interim committee and other documentation.
Dr. Hoar said that Dr. Schwarz and Prof. Hinke
would be invited to attend next Friday's meeting.
Dr. Schwarz told UBC Reports that the
questionnaire had been developed in July and was
built on his own previous observations of drug use
and an extensive search of literature pertaining to
He said the questionnaire was tested in August and
modified. He said the research group had hoped to
interview 150 students during registration week,
make further modifications and then interview
another 500 students.
He said that he met with no hostility on the part
of students while the survey was being taken during
registration week and that the chief reason given for
refusing to take part was a lack of time.
"The majority of those I interviewed expressed an
interest in the study," he said, "and many said they
were glad someone was doing something about the
In all cases, he said, the students were told their
answers would be confidential and that they did not
have to give their names if they did not wish to.
He said the interim review committee of the
medical faculty had suggested that students should be
told that some of the questions were of a "shocking
nature." Dr. Schwarz said he would not accept this
phrase for inclusion in the preamble to the
questionnaire because "we're not trying to push a
restricted movie."
He said that if a subject was given that kind of
"psychological    expectancy"    it   would   affect   his
answers    and    destroy    the    effectiveness    of   the       *
Dr. Schwarz said the questionnaire was based on
reports In scientific literature that some frequent
users of marijuana show changes in some areas of
intellectual functioning, mood and behavior.
"We felt it was justifiable to check these
observations out, using controlled populations," Dr.
Schwarz said.
"Our procedure was to select at random subjects
who would be asked about their use or non-use of
tobacco, alcohol, chemicals such as LSD, and
cannabis, including marijuana and hashish. From this
sampling we expected to end up with several
comparable groups, i.e., mild, moderate and heavy
users of these substances, together with overlapping
groups and a group of non-users. We would then
compare the findings in each of these groups."
Dr. Schwarz, 38, has been with UBC's Health
Service since 1962 and currently holds the position of
consulting psychiatrist. He is also a clinical associate
professor of   psychiatry in the Faculty of Medicine^^
He holds a medical degree from the University o|^|,
Glasgow and did his graduate training in psychiatry at
UBC and in Connecticut. He is the author of more
than 20 papers on medieval witchcraft, schizophrenia,
student health services, psychiatric facilities for the
general population and drugs.
In 1965, on behalf of the former Canadian Union
of Students, he conducted a survey of health and
psychiatric facilities on Canadian campuses and has
participated in nine national and international
conferences on drugs, four of them sponsored by
students at other Canadian universities.
He is the immediate past-president of the section
of the B.C. Medical Association.
The interim and review committees on researchist
involving human subjects were established by the
University earlier this year as the result of the
recommendations of a committee chaired by Prof.
Melvin Lee, director of the School of Home
Economics, and established by Dean Ian Cowan, head
of the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Dean  Cowan   told   UBC Reports that Dr.  Lee's       >
report is still being discussed by UBC's 12 faculties
but it was decided to establish screening committees
on an  interim  basis to deal with research involving
human subjects.
He said the basic purpose of the committees was
to ensure that safeguards existed to protect students
and researchers. A
The committees are charged with ensuring that:
• The safety, welfare and rights of the subjects are
adequately protected;
• The amount and kind of information
communicated to the subject are appropriate to
secure "informed consent" within the best definition
of that term; „
• Suitable precautions are taken to minimize
risks; and
• The subject is made aware that he has the right
to withdraw from the experiment at any time.
||H||Vol. 17, No. 13 - Sept. 22,
IIIS|B1971. Published by the
II■■Il University of British Columbia
^^■^^^and distributed free. UBC
R E P O R T S r e p 0 r t s appears on
Wednesdays during the University's winter
session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin,,
Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor-
should be sent to Information Services, Maini
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
4/UBC Reports/Sept. 22, 1971


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