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UBC Reports Apr 7, 1988

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 0BC *<*WeS
; Step closer
to housing
near campus
by Lorie Chortyk
UBC is one step closer to constructing a 650-
unit housing development on the northeast corner
of 16th Avenue and Wesbrook Mall.
* Plans for developing the site were approved in
4 principle by UBC's Board of Governors on March
*        The housing, aimed at upscale buyers, will be
built on 27 acres of university-owned land, UBC
President David Strangway said. He said the land
is being developed to generate long-term income
for the university.
-.     The proposed development includes
> townhouse units, low-rise apartments and two high-
,    rise towers in six adjoining enclaves or neigh-
»  bourhoods.
The estimated net market value for the land
after development is $18-million, according to a
report prepared by UBC's Facilities Planning Office
and off-campus consultants. The report outlined
Retails of similar ventures undertaken by Harvard
v_and Princeton universities in the United States and
York University in Ontario.
g        UBC is establishing a subsidiary company, the
UBC Real Estate Corp., to administer the
development. Facilities Planning director Graham
Argyle said the corporation has the option of either
developing all ofthe land itself or sub-leasing
portions of it to private developers.
"At this stage, our main priority is to establish
design guidelines and an approval process to
* ensure the quality and quantity of the housing meet
■* the university's standards," he said.
i Argyle said the existing forest area at the
r   comer of 16th Avenue and Wesbrook will be
"Less than half of the 27 acres will actually be
used for housing. The rest will be used for roads,
pathways and landscaping to keep the area's park-
., like setting," he said.
.«      The new housing is aimed primarily at the 55
plus, or "empty nest" market in West Point Grey. A
p market survey cited in the report indicates that
under existing market conditions the UBC
development should sell out within four years.
Sales from townhouses and low-rise apartments will help finance construction of the two
high-rise towers, the report said. Rental of the
* high-rise units is expected to generate at least $3-
million a year.
k      Development of the area will be phased, Argyle
" said.
Transfer rules
by Senate
. by Gavin Wilson
Senate has approved joint procedures with
« other B.C. universities for the acceptance of
transfer credits for courses offered at privately run
post-secondary schools.
Some "colleges" in B.C. are private institutions
not governed by the Universities Act or similar
legislation that regulate community colleges, BCIT
* and other institutes.
* Some private colleges have asked that their
graduates be admitted to universities with transfer
' credits.
But the requests raised issues about the
standards and facilities of the schools as well as
the content of individual courses, Dr. Daniel Birch,
academic vice-president, told Senate members at
.4 the March 16 meeting.
* Under current procedures, an institution
seeking transfer credits submits a course syllabus,
«  reading list and faculty curriculum vitae to the
registrar's office. That information is passed to the
relevant department or faculty.
But there were inadequacies in this method,
Birch said, because it did not take into account the
resources, facilities and academic policies of the
private institution.
Transfer continued on Page 2
Volume 34 Number 7, April 7,1988
Opinion divided on
tenure proposal
by Gavin Wilson
UBC will have the longest pre-
tenure period of any major Canadian
university if a proposal put forward by
the administration is adopted, Faculty
Association president Joost Blom said.
The administration has asked the
association to open negotiations on a
proposed extension of the pre-tenure
period to seven years from the current
maximum of five.
Administration representative Dr.
James Dybikowski said the proposal
was made because the shorter term is
increasingly viewed as unfair to both
the university arid to individual faculty
The Faculty Association believes
the extension would give the university
the longest pre-tenure period of any
Canadian institution.
"If we want to remain competitive in
hiring then that may be something to
consider," Blom said.
But Dybikowski said: "The real question
is not whether we should be in step with the
University of Saskatchewan, or Alberta, or
Manitoba. The real question is what, in
terms of this university's experience, is an
appropriate pre-tenure period."
Under the current terms of the agreement, a decision on tenure for an assistant
professor must be made during the fifth
year of service.
"There is a growing disposition on the
part of many people that four years is too
short. We often don't know enough yet to
be sure about an appointment," said
Dybikowski, Associate Vice-President of
Faculty Relations.
"It's an extremely important decision for
both the individual and the institution. We
think it would be an advantage to both
parties if the pre-tenure period is extended,"
he said.
Blom agreed that many faculty support
the proposed extension, especially
those whose research often takes
several years to get on stream.
"We've received numerous submissions from our members. Some are very
much in favor of the proposal, some are
very much against it, and a lot are
somewhere in between," he said.
"The ideal, from some points of view,
would be a flexible system that would
allow review after five years for those
who want it and after seven years for
those who want to postpone it," said
Dybikowski said a longer pre-tenure
period would allow new professors the
time to develop stronger teaching skills
as well as to build up their academic
Tenure is based on scholarly activity
— primarily published work — teaching
ability and, to a lesser degree, service to
the university and the community.
Davis Cup at UBC
Pressure on Canadian team
by Jo Moss
Canada's Davis Cup team will be under double
pressure in the playoff against Chile which begins
tomorrow, April 8.
Their performance over the next three days
may earn them a place on Canada's Olympic
tennis team and a trip to the Summer Olympics in
Seoul, Korea, later this year.
Davis Cup team manager Rob Bettauer,
recently named head coach of the Olympic team,
will select three singles players and a doubles duo
from Davis Cup players and other candidates.
In the Davis Cup playoffs, Canada plays Chile
for only the second time in Davis Cup history. But
it's a battle for survival.
The winner will remain
in the elite Davis Cup
American Zone Group I
with Argentina, Ecuador,
Peru and the United States,
and has a chance to
compete for the American
Zone title in next year's
L    ^^"^'f^d        The loser joins Bolivia,
^acuna Columbia, Haiti, Jamaica,
Venezuela and Uruguay in
Group II and must advance to Group I before
having a shot at the overall title.
"The game will be very exciting because so
much is at stake," Bettauer said. "Also there are
no tie breakers in Davis Cup play and that provides
some spectacular play—the matches can go on
The best-of-five series takes place in UBC's
War Memorial Gym April 8-10 on a fast-playing
Supreme Court surface.
This week is officially Davis Cup week in
Vancouver in honor of the event. Vancouver has
not played host to a Davis Cup playoff in 16 years
and this is the only the third in 75 years.
"A world-class tournament reflects well on the
city," said Vancouver mayor Gordon Campbell.
"The community is taking a great deal of pride in
being associated with the Davis Cup."
As the site of the playoffs, UBC will receive
extensive media exposure. In addition to local
coverage, the national sports network TSN will
cover all five matches.
Manager of UBC's Tennis Centre, Patricio
Gonzales, who helped organize the event, said he
hopes the Davis Cup will be the first of many
outstanding tennis tournaments at the university.
"We're hoping to attract similar calibre tennis
events to the campus in the future," he said.
On the Chilean team are veterans Ricardo
Acuna and Hans Gildemeister. A quarter-finalist at
Wimbledon in 1985, Acuna, 30, is Chile's top-
ranked singles player. Ranked 140 in the world in
doubles, he dropped in singles' ranking to 240 in
Gildemeister, 32, a former top-20 singles
player, is widely acknowledged as one of the top
doubles players in the world. Currently ranked 28
in doubles, he and Andres Gomez of Ecuador were
selected the world's top men's doubles teams in
Juan Pablo Queirolo, ranked 290 in singles and
694 in doubles, joins newcomer Christian Araya,
ranked 664 in singles and 364 in doubles, to
complete Chile's four-man team. Non-playing
captain is Patricio Rodriquez.
On the Canadian team is: Grant Connell, North
Vancouver; Martin Laurendeau, Mount Royal,
Que.; Glenn Michibata, Etobicoke, Ont.; Chris
Pridham, Oakville, Ont.; Andrew Sznajder, Toronto;
and developmental player Hubert Karrasch,
London, Ont.
Tickets for the Davis Cup playoffs are available
through all VTC/CBO outlets.
Photo by Warren Schmidt
Tom Siddon (right), federal Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, and his wife Pat, test pineapple specially
packaged using inert gases to keep it fresher longer. Siddon was on campus recently to officially give UBC
an old fisheries lab building. William Tomlinson, vice-president of Pacific Rim Foods and a UBC commerce
professor watches. Baird heads group
to set guidelines for
human gene therapy
by Debora Sweeney
The Medical Research Council of Canada has
appointed Dr. Patricia Baird, head of UBC's
Department of Medical Genetics, as chairman of a
new committee to establish guidelines for human
gene therapy.
The guidelines will provide a framework for
scientists and doctors preparing to perform the
therapy in the near future.
"Before we can consider
human gene therapy for a
particular disease, we have
to know it's going to have a
reasonable likelihood of
success," said Baird. "There
also would have to be no
effective conventional
treatment for the disease or
else it would be inappropriate to embark on this."
In recent years, geneticists have made significant
BAIRD progress decoding the
sequence of the estimated 100,000 human genes.
Genes give the directions on how proteins should
form in an embryo, which molds the body and
determines its function. Flawed genes give the
wrong instructions and the result is a body that is
not formed or does not function properly.
Diseases that affect blood-forming cells of the
bone marrow are candidates for gene therapy.
Scientists are close to being able to remove
affected bone marrow cells, modify them with
functioning new genes, and re-insert them.
One of the diseases is severe thalassemia.
Infants born with the disease cannot produce
normal hemoglobin and need blood transfusions to
live. It results in serious damage to the liver and
other vital organs and is usually fatal.
"It would be a simple scenario if you could
replace a gene that's missing and then everything
would be fine," said Baird, but "it doesn't work that
The committee will grapple with scenarios
which are not clear cut. For example, if a patient
has a genetic deficiency which affects the skeleton
or the brain, it is not possible to simply replace the
defective tissue because the body is formed
As well, introducing new genes could interrupt
the function of existing genes which control growth
or body function, resulting in a mutation.
"If a patient never has had a gene that makes a
particular protein and you insert the gene, does the
immune system recognize the protein as foreign
and reject it, making the gene correction pointless?" Baird cited as an example. "The ongoing
implications regarding safety are a concern before
you embark on human gene therapy."
The Medical Research Council has not asked
the committee to consider guidelines for the fetus,
because it may result in genetic changes that can
be inherited. Inserting genes at an early stage of
the embryo means those genes could be incorporated in the ovaries or testes of the fetus and could
enter future generations.
Swedish visitors impressed by
capabilities of TRIUMF
by Gavin Wilson
Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen
Silvia brought their ok) world charm to campus
during their March visit. They may have left behind
the seeds of high technology investment.
A trade delegation of Swedish industrialists,
bankers and manufacturers travelled with the royal
couple, and while the King and Queen admired the
exhibits at the Museum of Anthropology, the trade
delegates toured the TRIUMF cyclotron.
They came away very impressed, especially by
its cancer-fighting medical applications and plans
for the future development of a KAON factory, said
Staffan Melin, Swedish trade commissioner to
Western Canada.
The tour, led by TRIUMF director Erich Voght,
"gave the entire delegation the impression that this
province is changing direction, that it's turning to
very advanced technology," Melin said.
Voght said the Vancouver area is becoming
attractive to high-tech investors and could lure
investment from the Swedes with their "good world
marketing ability."
The impending free trade deal with the U.S.
could make Canada a more attractive place for
Swedish business to invest because of the access
it will give to the vast American market, Voght
Melin agreed, saying that investors have
previously shied away from Canada because of the
unpredictable threat of U.S. protectionist
"The agreement will give more stability in trade
between the two countries. This will be a good
base for setting up businesses," Melin said.
Decision on retirement
appealed to highest court
UBC has applied to the Supreme Court of
Canada for leave to appeal a B.C. Appeal Court
ruling on mandatory retirement.
The university has been waiting for a formal
order of the B.C. court on the effect of its ruling in
January that age could not be a basis for discrimination under the Charter of Rights. The decision
rendered void a section in the B.C. Human Rights
Act which afforded protection against age
discrimination, but only to people between 45 and
Until the B.C. court hands down its formal
order, the university does not know whether it must
reinstate two former employees who appealed their
forced retirement.
Meanwhile, the Supreme Court of Canada has
reserved its decision on whether to hear the
Transfer from Page 1
Under the new, two-step system, all requests
for transfer credit by an institution must be sent to
the Tri-university Presidents' Council where a subcommittee will examine the ability of the applicant
to deliver high-quality transfer courses.
After passing that test, individual courses will
be evaluated by each university according to its
own policies and procedures.
Birch said that transfer credit procedures will
become more important if, as anticipated, greater
numbers of international students apply for
admission here. Many international students begin
their North American studies at private colleges.
The recommendations will come into effect
when approved by the senates of Simon Fraser
University and the University of Victoria.
2   UBC REPORTS April 7,1988
appeal. UBC President David Strangway is
concerned that even if the Supreme Court hears
the case, it could take as long as two years before
a decision is made.
Faced with the uncertainty, Strangway called
the situation "a financial problem that we cannot
deal with."
UBC has begun implementing budget cuts,
assuming faculty would be retiring when they reach
65 and their salaries would be removed, in whole or
in part. The university also has begun recruiting
new professors at starting salaries to fill those
anticipated vacancies.
One-quarter of UBC's faculty is 55 or over and
nearly half of its professors will reach retirement
between now and early in the 21st century.
More than 130 faculty members have taken
early retirement through a voluntary retirement
scheme during the last five years. However, if
faculty members could insist on staying after age
65, Strangway said the cost could run as high as
$5-million a year in the next five years alone.
If UBC cannot impose mandatory retirement for
professors, Strangway said the university will need
a major infusion of cash to ensure the university
can compete for academic talent.
Vancouver General Hospital and Douglas
College also have applied to appeal the B.C. court
ruling, while faculty members in Ontario have
applied to challenge an Ontario Court of Appeal
ruling. The Ontario court ruling says mandatory
retirement, as permitted under the Ontario Human
Rights Code, complies with a section of the charter
of rights that says it is reasonable in a free and
democratic society.
This Yukon sluice box at the Western Canada Hydraulic Laboratories in Coquitlam is being tested for
efficiency in recovering placer gold
More gold from
better sluice box
by Jo Moss
There are as many variations in the design
of sluice boxes as there are prospectors using
them to find gold.
Now, a Mining and Mineral Processing
Engineer George Poling has completed a study
that is convincing Yukon gold prospectors to
switch brands.
The favorite method of recovering gold from
streams and rivers over the last few centuries,
the modem sluice box differs little from its early
counterpart. An open-top conduit, rectangular
in cross-section, it's lined along the base with a
series of metal riffles to trap gold. As the
mixture of earth, pebbles and minerals passes
through the conduit, the riffles cause turbulence
in the flow and the gold drops to the conduit
base where it is caught in matting.
Modem prospectors in the Yukon use sluice
boxes to recover $60 million of gold a year
making placer gold recovery a major industry in
the Yukon. More than 400 miners in B.C. are
licensed sluice box operators.
"Every person who uses a sluice box is an
inventor and welder. There are hundreds of
different designs," said George Poling who
along with graduate student Jim Hamilton has
just completed what is probably one of the first
university-based studies of sluice box
Through scientific testing, Poling and
Hamilton proved expanded metal riffles recover
more gold, more effectively than the dredge
riffle, its competitor. The expanded metal riffles
captured up to 95 per cent.
The results of their research not only has
prospectors converting their equipment, but
has encouraged the federal government to
consider setting up a placer gold laboratory in
the Yukon.
It's surprising that a piece of equipment
which is as much a part of Canadian tradition
as maple sugar, should have evaded scientific
scrutiny for so long.
"When we searched the literature we found
very little. Most of the information was
anecdotal," Poling explained.
The 18-month study was funded by a grant
from the Federal Government and the Yukon
Territorial Government under the Canada/
Yukon subsidiary agreement on mineral
resources. Poling and Hamilton examined how
varying operating conditions affected the
recovery of different sized pieces of gold.
A sluice box was erected in the Western
Canada Hydraulic Laboratory in Coquitlam and
15 tons of Yukon gravel gathered for testing.
"We took out the gold that occurred
naturally in the gravel and seeded it with
different sizes of actual placer gold," Poling
explained. The slurry of gravel and water was
fed through the sluice box at different rates to
test efficiency of gold recovery under different
"We came up with a number of other
specific recommendations, the rate of water
flow for example, for operating a sluice box at
maximum efficiency," Poling said.
UBC Mission Statement
set for campus discussion
A "Mission Statemenf of UBC's goals to the
21 st Century will be distributed to the campus
community for discussion, President David
Strangway said.
The document, in the draft stage, summarizes
the university's long-term research and teaching
objectives. It emphasizes a need in Canada for a
few universities which are of international stature
and argues B.C. needs such a university to flourish
intellectually, culturally and economically.
Senate and the Board of Governors will study
the draft statement later this month. Then, it will go
to the provincial government for review.
In May, it will be published and distributed to
members of the campus community for comment.
A final draft wiH likely be completed in the faH. FINAL REPORT OF THE
1 ADMISSIONS Concerning International
Undergraduate Students
April 1988
The presence of international students within the
graduate and undergraduate populations of a provincially supported public university in Canada raises
I     complex issues. Fundamental factors include:
the nature of the community which the university serves.
* the role of a university within a rapidly
* changing, increasingly interdependent global commu-
►     nity.
the relationship between institutional jurisdiction and federal and provincial responsibility with
respect to human resource development, education,
>   research, economic development and support for devel-
* oping countries.
the availability and allocation of resources
from both public and private sources.
the perceived educational benefit to the uni-
** versity and the community.
the extent to which the values of British
* Columbian and Canadian society are, or should be,
reflected within die policies of publicly supported institutions.
and in the case of UBC, the role of UBC
within post-secondary education in British Columbia.
* In preparing this report, the President's Task Force
on Liaison, Recruiting and Admissions has considered
* these factors as they relate to UBC now, and in the future.
Having acknowledged the complexity of its task, the
Task Force also acknowledges that some matters may
have not been treated adequately.
_, In recognition of its responsibility to develop recom
mendations which reflect the values of the academic
$ community as well as the broader community, the Task
Force welcomes reactions to the report. The Task Force
will consider the input it receives, and will amend the
report and its recommendations as necessary.
T        The major sections address:
|F the benefits of international students to a
current UBC policies and procedures with
respect to international undergraduate students
"* recommendations on bask; principles, poli-
'       cies, and procedures, as well as implementation and
'     monitoring ofthe effects of proposed policies, on international undergraduate students.
« l.e Preface
Major Canadian universities have provincial, national ami iiid^ed international aspirations. In achieving
the goal of excellence in international education, a uni-
* versity fulfills its mandate to remove barriers that inhibit
* academically capable individuals from involvement in
,      university education. The participation of international
students in university communities involves provincial
and federal governments, as well as universities. The
importance this matter has taken on is reflected in recent
public interest What has become very clear is that The
a University of British Columbia needs a coherent policy
' on the liaison, recruiting and admission of international
students, particularly those at the undergraduate level.
1.1 Background and Appointment of Task Force
The President's Task Force on Liaison, Recruiting
and Admissions began meeting in October, 1986.  A
subcommittee was formed to consider policies, procedures and services which affect international undergraduate students. The list of members of the subcommittee is provided in Appendix A.
The terms of reference for the subcommittee are
included within die Terms of Reference for the Task
'To review die composition of the undergraduate
student body, the admission policies, financial aid policies, administrative procedures and any other matters
affecting UBC's ability to recruit and retain those students best able to take advantage of the undergraduate
programs offered by the University. (Terms of Reference 1. Task Force)
...achieve an appropriate number and mix of international students in undergraduate programs. (Terms of
Reference 2. Task Force)".
The "specific assignment from the Task Force was:
"to articulate a policy for UBC which would provide
an appropriate mix of students in undergraduate programs at UBC."
In April 1987, members of the subcommitte presented to the members of the Task Force an overview of
the issues related to international undergraduate student
policy as well as the elements of the framework within
which die issues were to be addressed.
The subcommittee met regularly to review and discuss studies, position papers, reports, etc. dealing with
international students in other Canadian, American and
British jurisdictions. The subcommittee further undertook to gather information about policies and procedures of universities within such jurisdictions and examined these in relation to existing policies and procedures at The University of British Columbia.
A number of experienced UBC professionals were
consulted as to current procedures and services (Appendix B). The Task Force acknowledges its indebtedness
to these individuals who willingly made representations,
provided information and responded to questions.
Finally, the subcommittee formulated a number of
recommendations on bask principles, policy and procedures relating to international undergraduate students
which were discussed and adopted by the Task Force.
13. Definitions
"International student" is used to refer to those students, registered in graduate or undergraduate programs, who hold temporary documents issued by Canadian Immigration authorities abroad or in Canada to
study at a specified institution. Such students are temporarily in Canada for educational purposes and are required to leave this country either at the completion of
their program or at such time as they ate unable to fulfill
Immigration requirements which allow them to remain.
Canadian citizens and Permanent Residents
("Landed Immigrants") ate not included in the definition of "international student".
"Student Authorization" ("Student Visa"),
"Minister's Pewit" and "Diplomatic" refer to types of
Immigration documents which allow an individual to
remain in Canada for the purpose of study.
The Task Force believes that the presence of international students on a university campus provides benefits to the institution and its community. Of these
benefits, enriched teaching, research programs and
cultural interaction are the most significant. For these
reasons and others, and in full awareness of the low
participation rate of British Columbians in higher edu
cation and the need to rectify this situation, we are
persuaded that encouragement of international students
at UBC should have a high priority.
Great universities have academic and scholarly
reputations which transcend regional and national
boundaries. Scholarship in general knows no such
boundaries; nor do the reputations of strong institutions.
Although a university cannot simply decide to have
an international reputation, it does have some discretion
in determining how widespread the reputation accorded
it will be. It can either encourage or discourage the
communication of the international reputation which it
acquires or has the potential of acquiring. Where a
university welcomes and provides a supportive environment for well-qualified, interested international students, that university's academic and scholarly reputation becomes increasingly known abroad. A university
that provides academic support for international students to realize their scholarly objectives becomes recognized and supported in the international circles within
which those graduates later move.
President Petch of the University of Victoria has
argued that the universities have a "critical multi-faceted
role to play" in a strategy for economic development in
die province, particularly through their external linkages. He refers to connections through graduates and
research that can open up new markets; to the education
of foreign business and government trainees as an extremely effective form of advertising; to training in cross
cultural communications and languages in support of
commercial endeavors; to the evaluation and adaptation
of ideas, techniques and approaches from around the
world for local application. International students figure
prominently in President Petch's view of the role of the
universities in this regard, and he suggests to Minister
Hagen that international student fee differentials be
The search for the most academically capable students is critical to the aspirations of a university seeking
constantly to upgrade its endeavors, and to establish and
maintain a reputation as a centre of excellence. The
presence on campus of meritorious international students can play an integral part in this process.
President Connell ofthe University of Toronto in his
discussion paper last year on the nature and role of the
university addressed precisely this question. He argued
that "an overriding goal" in admission policies "should
be to seek die best possible match of prospective students to programs. We should try to enrol students who
are likely to succeed and are likely to derive the most
benefit from their academic experience." He then went
on to talk about the need for diversity and balance in the
student body asserting that a better educational experience will be av ailaMe if the student body is not homogeneous. President Connell suggested target ranges of 12-
18% of the full tune undergraduate student body from
provinces other man Ontario and 3-7% of the student
body from abroad.2 In 1985 the Bovey Commission in
Ontario recommended that international student enrolment not fall below 5% of total enrolment3
hi 1986 die University of Alberta adopted an international student policy, the full text of which is attached
(Appendix C). Among the declared objectives is to
strive for student representation from as many countries
and cultures and in as many fields of study as possible,
and to have sufficient numbers of international students
to make a significant impact on undergraduate and
graduate programs.
In October 1987, President Starr of Oberlin College
wrote to Oberlin alumni reporting that at the moment
only two percent of Oberlin students were foreign na
tionals. "Such provincialism is unworthy of so great an
institution. We hope you will help us correct this."
A recent study of international students commissioned by the Council of Ministers of Education states:
"the presence of foreign students in educational institutions in Canada is viewed by ministers
responsible for education as an asset not as a liability.
Indeed, ministers are of the view that the participation of
foreign students in the institutions under their jurisdiction is a very important element in the vitality of these
institutions, is beneficial to Canada's foreign policy and
international trade interests and to the international cul-
' tural and trade interests of each province."4
The University of Toronto report on international
students recommends a number of "principles". Three
of these are that "the university welcomes foreign students in all its programs", that "academic merit be
maintained as the primary criterion for admission of
foreign students to the University of Toronto" and that
"the university, as a policy, support active recruitment of
highly qualified foreign students for admission to the
University of Toronto".5
International students can enrich programs of teaching and research by providing new and different perspectives. It can be demonstrated, for example, that the
presence of international students on Canadian campuses has had a direct impact on those disciplines with an
obvious international emphasis. In fact, this also applies
to the broader intellectual endeavors of a university. At
UBC, there are numerous examples of the contributions
to both teaching and research made by international
graduate students. The fact that UBC has had at least
since 1970, comparatively few international undergraduate students makes their contribution either as
undergraduates, or latterly as alumni, difficult to document.
It is perhaps worth noting here that while Canadian
society has strong multicultural qualities, international
students bring a quite different cultural and academic
perspective to the campus. In the present UBC context,
cultural diversity is found largely in the presence of
Canadian students from various ethnic and geographic
backgrounds. This apparent cultural and ethnic diversity is frequendy characterized by identification with
Canadian multiculturalism, rather than continuing attachment to the cultural values of their original homeland.
A second, more general benefit derives simply from
the presence of international students on campus. They
are often the first non-Canadians that local students
meet Through personal contact, Canadian students can
learn much about other countries and other cultures as
weH as other ways of doing and seeing things. Processes
such as this also contribute to the internationalization of
the community as a whole, an important element in
making the community more economically competitive
on the one hand and more conscious of the need for a
peaceful and stable world on the other. Moreover,
through interaction with international students, local
students learn more about themselves and their own
cultures. Professor Marvin Westwood's Peer Program,
which is a cooperative venture of the Department of
Counselling Psychology and International House, provides concrete evidence of the benefit derived by Canadian student participants. In their words, the experience
provides an opportunity:
"to think about Canadian culture in having to
explain it to an international student."
"to ground a lot of intellectual knowledge
that I might have in an interpersonal relationship."
UBC SPECIAL REPORT—April 7, 1988 "to develop an interest in working with international people, to find out their perspective and to learn
how it affects their outlook."
A third benefit from the presence of international
students is the experience and contacts they make while
in Canada which may lead to future co-operation of
direct benefit to the host-institution. Personal and.pro-
fessional links normally endure long after the students
return home and can play a significant role in the establishment and development of important substantive relationships between Canadian and foreign scholarly and
professional communities. For a general discussion of
these and other benefits to the host institution and community, see Symons and Page.6
The policy focus in discussions about international
education in Canada has been on Canada as a host
country. Little attention has been paid to the promotion
of study abroad for Canadians. And yet, historically,
Canada has been among those countries that have relied
on access to universities in other countries. A 1973
survey found that 53% of the doctorates held in Canada
had been awarded by foreign universities (Statistics
Canada, "Foreign Students in Canada and Canadian
Students Abroad," 1978). It is apparent that a
university's willingness to receive out-of-jurisdiction
students has a significant bearing on the willingness of
other institutions, particularly those abroad, to open their
doors to students of the receiving university. Reciprocity has become an important element in co-operation
agreements between universities, such as the 1987
agreement between UBC and the University of California system. Even in the absence of such agreements, an
admissions policy which is seen to admit international
students primarily on the basis of merit is likely to
facilitate the reception of UBC students and graduates
seeking higher levels of education at non-Canadian
centres of academic excellence.
The presence of international students can have a
positive impact on the community as a whole. International students are an important resource as speakers for
local groups. This type of activity ranges from the casual
luncheon speech to more detailed briefing in preparation, for example, for visits of business delegations to
the student's country of origin, or preparing the way for
field work by a member of the university community.
There are in British Columbia and in the Lower
Mainland an increasing number of international students. Most community colleges and some public
schools receive international students in accordance
with the policy of the British Columbia Ministry of
Education. It is important that UBC in its own admissions policy recognize this changing environment for
international students in the province in such areas as the
university transfer programs of the colleges.
In order to make the most of their presence, international students must find a supportive environment
within the mainstream of the university. In some cases,
this happens naturally; in others, the university has to
reach out to these students through particular programs
and facilities such as International House and special
counselling arrangements. The University of Toronto
report notes as one of its "principles" that the University
"recognize that as a result of cultural differences, financial burdens and legal constraints, many foreign students have special needs and that these needs should be
taken into account in all university academic divisions."?
On occasion, situations arise in which it could be
perceived that international students and indeed all students from outside the province are, in effect depriving
local students of places at a university. While the net
effect of the active recruitment of excellent international
students is improvement of the overall intellectual calibre of the university, it will result in displacement of
some academically marginal Canadian students in certain faculties. It should be noted that some strategic
faculties and programs at UBC are frequendy under-
subscribed and in this situation, the enrolment of international students could make a significant contribution to
keeping the programs viable. More generally, however,
it is obvious that academic merit in its own right plays a
vital role in the University's continuing quest for excellence.
There is also the matter of language skills. International students at both graduate and undergraduate level
sometimes lack sufficient English language skills to
benefit significantly from and to contribute to the university experience. Such a deficiency also imposes a
serious burden on teaching staff and in the case of
teaching assistants, upon their students. In the unanimous opinion of the Task Force, this problem needs to
be addressed urgently in the interests of both the university and the international student community.
It is generally agreed that while the presence of
international students imposes an initial burden on the
educational budgets of host countries, the students' related financial contributions to the economies of the
communities concerned outweigh this subsidization. In
short, the presence of international students has demonstrable economic advantages. International students are
considered to spend approximately $14,000 per student
per year in Canada, exclusive of transportation costs to
Canada. For international undergraduate students it can
be assumed that the total amount spent originates from
sources outside Canada. To illustrate the contribution to
the economy, in 1984-85 there were 1258 international
students in British Columbia universities (Statistics
Canada Report 81 -204). The direct contribution to the
economy from these students is then about $ 15 million.
If government funding for the universities is offset, the
net economic benefit is $7.5 million. It should be noted
that this is a conservative estimate that does not quantify
the multiplier effect of a direct contribution of this
In a submission to the Senate Committee on National Finance dated March 1986, the Canadian Bureau
of International Education estimated that international
students spend $345 million annually in Canada while
the cost to Canada is $62 million. In a submission to the
Right Honourable Joe Clark of June 1986 the Vancouver
Board of Trade applied an input-output model to international student expenditure in Canada. For 1985-86 it
assesses the total impact on the economy to have been
roughly $1.3 billion with employment of 17,000 persons
and government revenue of some $ 190 million. According to the Report, this translates to l/5th of the value of
Canadian coal exports, and into probably more jobs than
result from the export of coal.7
Nevertheless, it should be noted that within the
individual university it is clear that international students are a real cost, although one that is smaller than for
Canadian students. It is estimated that a 5% international
undergraduate student population, paying differential
fees, would raise the student fee contribution to the
university revenue to 16.5% of actual cost as compared
to a 15% fee contribution, which local students now pay.
These costs should be seen as marginal costs since the
basic operating costs of the university would exist in any
There are increasing indications that some prospective donors in British Columbia, as well as in Asia, are
uncomfortable with current practices concerning the
admission of international students at the undergraduate
level. This is likely to become more apparent as the
University seeks to develop the Asia-Pacific dimension
of its activities.
After considerable debate over some years, and
Senate recording its opposition in 1977, in 1985 the
University's Board of Governors decided to impose
differential fees. Graduate students and some categories
of undergraduates were exempted. Given the very small
number of international undergraduate students at UBC,
as well as the various exceptions, very few students
actually pay such fees. For 1986/87, of some 192
international undergraduates, 132 were required to pay
differential fees, generating a net additional income to
the University of some $260,300. Arguably, the revenue
generated does not offset the marginal cost of implementing the differential fee scheme. In any event, it is
certainly clear that the economic benefit to the University is at most insignificant. It is also clear that the
imposition of differential fees serves no academic purpose; its effect is clearly to discriminate against needy
students, most typically from the poorer countries.
There are more equitable ways to control numbers,
chiefly higher entrance standards and quotas. Moreover, some prospective offshore donors have suggested
that the abolition ofthe differential fee system would encourage more offshore donations. Overall, there is no
identifiable advantage to the University in maintaining
differential fees. Further, current federal and provincial
government positions suggest that the climate is ripe for
a greater commitment on the part of Canadian universities to internationalization. Thus, the preferred course of
action would be to abolish differential fees at UBC.
However, should it be necessary to maintain differential fees, a number of changes should be instituted to
make the system simpler and fairer. It should be noted
that if the international undergraduate population were
to be allowed to increase to, say, five per cent, and the
existing differential fee ratio of 2.5:1 was maintained,
the additional net revenue from differential fees would
become significant. It should be allocated for the benefit
of international undergraduate students.
Public interest in the subject of receiving students
from the developing world has been growing sharply.
Judging by the evidence presented to Parliamentary
Committees, there seems a widely held sense that Canada should be doing more to assist in the training of such
students by facilitating their attendance at Canadian
tertiary level institutions.
A May 1987 report by the House Standing Committee on External Affairs and International Trade on
Canada's Official Development Assistance Policies and
Programs entitled, "For Whose Benefit?" states:
"Here we would like to highlight the need
and opportunity for expanded programs for Third World
students in Canada. Early in our study we were dismayed to discover that Canada, until recently, lagged
behind all OECD countries except Austria in the proportion of ODA devoted to scholarships for Third World
students. There has been a significant improvement in
the past several years, particularly with the decision to
raise the number of Commonwealth Scholarships for
study in Canada from 200 to 500 and the commitment to
a similar program within the Francophonie. But far more
needs to be done. In few areas of development cooperation is there as close a mutual interest between
Canada and developing countries. University students
tend later in life to fill important decision-making positions in their countries. By encouraging them to study in
Canada, we earn their friendship and understanding."*
In September, the federal government responded to
the Committee Report undertaking to contribute $1.3
million to a scholarship program for students from the
developing world to be co-funded by CIDA and the
universities. The government also undertook to approach provincial governments with the objective of
increasing the numbers of international students and
trainees in Canada, such discussions to include the
matter of differential fees. The government's response
included the following statement, "The two levels of
government recognize that the presence of foreign students in Canada contributes to Canadian society and to
the viability of Canadian institutions of learning. They
are therefore in favour of increasing the number of
foreign students in Canada."9
Attitudes toward the admission of international students to Canadian campuses have changed over time. In
the post-war era such students were received freely and
often distinguished themselves in auricular as well as
extra-curricular activities. At UBC an international
student was on at least one occasion elected president of
the AMS. However in the 1970s admission to many
universities became more restrictive, particularly at the
undergraduate level. UBC currendy has one of the
lowest proportions of international undergraduate students among Canadian universities.
In the late 1980s there are signs that attitudes are
changing again and that a more liberal approach is being
adopted. The relevant factors have been discussed
above; in the opinion of the Task Force the arguments
for change in policy by UBC are compelling. Specific
recommendations are set out below, in Part 3.
It is generally assumed that the Calendar statements
with respect to the admissibility of international undergraduate students are statements of academic policy.
Such statements are generally assumed to have been
approved by Senate and are assumed to require Senate
approval if they are to be changed. However, a closer
examination of Senate records, reveals that many of
these policy statements do not reflect specific Senate
The Calendar contains the folio wing information for
international students (p. 17,1987-88):
The University of British Columbia is interested in considering applications for admission from
outstanding students from countries outside Canada.
Students are NOT encouraged to travel to Canada in
anticipation of admittance to this University, either directly or following studies in a Canadian secondary or
other post-secondary institution. International students
admitted on a Student Authorization to other universities, community colleges, or secondary schools in
Canada or in the United States must normally obtain the
baccalaureate degree before obtaining permission to
transfer to this University.
NOTE 1: Because of the differences in
world educational systems, satisfactory completion of
secondary school is not necessarily an acceptable basis
for admission to first year. The University of British
Columbia reserves the right to determine whether or not
a student is eligible for admission and to determine what
advanced credit, if any, may be granted.
NOTE 2: IN ot relevant]
NOTE 3: English Proficiency: A student
whose native language is not English must demonstrate
proficiency in English language by obtaining a score of
at least 550 on the Test of English as a Foreign Language.
NOTE 4: Applicants should realize that
almost NO financial assistance is available at the undergraduate level, and that Immigration regulations prohibit international students from being gainfully employed while in Canada.
Additional information for students from other
(i) Applicants may be required to
take a test in their own country to demonstrate adequate
facility with the English Language. On arrival at UBC
those who are found to be inadequately prepared will be
required to take remedial studies. Preparatory English
courses are five or ten hours of instruction per week
for twelve weeks. Fees are $370 for FELT 020 or FELT
030 (five hours a week) and $740 for FELT 010 (ten
hows a week). Textbooks and other learning material
would be an additional cost.
(ii) A student must enrol for the
course to which admitted. Transfer to another program
will not be considered until the student has completed at
least one session in the course for which initially admitted to this University.
There are certain exceptions to the general rule that
international students who are attending secondary
schools, colleges and universities in Canada and the U.S.
on student authorizations are not eligible to apply. These
exceptions may be summarized as follows:
(a) those whose parents/guardians hold diplomatic consular visas (members of a country's diplomatic
corps, including trade commissioners and consular support staff). Proof of status in Canada is required.
(b) those whose parents/guardians are long-
term visa holders (LTV): those who are employees of
foreign companies and their families, domestic workers,
visiting workers, World Bank Employees in die U.S.
those who hold Minister's Per
mit; e.g. refugees in Canada
(d) "sponsored" students; e.g. those under the
auspices of the Canadian Bureau for International Education (CBIE), Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA), International Development Research
Centre (IDRC), and World University Service of Canada
The Task Force is given to understand that the
following are administrative policies:
(a) International students are not admitted as
unclassified students. International students may not be
admitted to the Spring/Summer and January Sessions.
(b) The Faculties and Programs not available to
international undergraduate applicants include Dentistry, Nursing, Medicine, Pharmacy, Rehabilitation
Medicine, Education and most Diploma Programs.
Persons wishing to study in Canada who are not
citizens or permanent residents of Canada must first
obtain student authorizations from a Canadian Immigration official. Such a student authorization is often erroneously called a "student visa."
Student authorizations permit attendance at a particular institution. If conditions change, a new authorization is required. International students are instructed
to contact the nearest Canada Immigration Centre without delay if:
the specified course of instruction continues
for longer than the specified time
the student wishes to change to another educational institution
the student wishes to accept employment of
any kind
the student plans to end his or her studies
early, and the proposed departure date from Canada
does not follow immediately afterward.
In searching Senate records, it became apparent that
the portion of the Calendar statement which precludes
admission of international undergraduate students who
apply from within British Columbia, other provinces in
Canada, or the USA, was not approved by Senate.
Rather, it was introduced into the Calendar as a matter of
procedure, partially to alert students to Immigration
Canada policy to grant institution-specific student authorizations.
The problem is that Immigration Canada policy does
-     UBCSPECIAL REPORTT-ApriLUSSS not prohibit transfer of international students from one
Canadian academic institution to another. UBC, on the
other hand, has in its Calendar statements which suggest
this to be so (see UBC Admissions Policy, p. 13 of this
In addition, these statements of procedure-cum-
^policy have acquired a measure of support within the
academic community as a major component of the
argument against the admission of students applying to
transfer to UBC from "visa schools", i.e., those private
secondary or post-secondary schools which are per-
eeived to have questionable academic standards and
■tyhich are assumed to exist primarily to provide credentials for international students seeking entry to British
Columbia universities.
The Task Force considered four areas of concern:
v 1. Statements which now prevent students
•trom applying from within Canada or the USA could be
k removed from the Calendar immediately, thus strengthening the statement that "The University of British
Columbia is interested in considering applications for
admission from outstanding students."
^ 2. All Calendar statements concerning international students need to be carefully reviewed to deter-
fcmuie their status vis a vis University of British Columbia
■Policies and Procedures.
3.        What constitutes an 'outstanding' international undergraduate student needs to be determined.
. 4. The concerns of the community regarding
transfers from "visa schools" need to be addressed.
The current Calendar statements delineate two ma-
j&r groups of international undergraduate applicants:
1. Those applying from within their country of
2. Those applying from within Canada or the
USA who are not citizens or landed immigrants of either
These two groups are treated differently. Those in
"the first group are evaluated on the basis of academic
preparation (GPA or equivalent) at the time of application. Those in the second group are automatically denied
entry to UBC oh the basis ofthe lack of correspondence
between the student's country of citizenship and country
of residence. Academic credentials are not evaluated
«nd are, in fact, irrelevant to the decision to deny entry.
Notwithstanding the fact that UBC procedures are
evaluated negatively by many outside the university,
there are many within the university community who
consider the procedures essential to the maintenance of
academic standards. The argument to support this point
jjf view has been that, in the absence of the procedural
-statements in the Calendar, UBC has no means whereby
it can deny admission to those international students
who apply from "visa schools."
Some who subscribe to this argument may also
argue that the procedural statements could be retained
and that individual cases could be adjudicated through
established appeal procedures. Certainly, this has been
Jn avenue pursued by some individual students and by
some departments and/or faculties on behalf of a student
■rfor whom it seemed reasonable to bring a case to appeal.
However, it would appear that such cases are few, and
that some of these cases were adjudicated, not on the
basis of unique circumstances, but rather on the basis of
the framework as defined by the Calendar statements.
If it is perceived even by a small proportion of those
_in the academic community that an appeal, based on
unique circumstances, may result in adjudication based
on the Calendar statements then the viability of appeal as
an option is questionable. Further, if as Part I of this
Report suggests, there is reason to increase the number
<af international undergraduate students admitted to the
•University, then to rely on established appeal procedures to adjudicate an increasing number of individual
cases is impractical.
In the past UBC has addressed analogous issues in
relation to applications by Canadian students from
public and private secondary and postsecondary institutions. University policy with respect to transfers from
*lhe college sector is stated in the Calendar and detailed
A in the College-University Transfer Guide. Having once
specified the level of academic achievement as well as
the level of English language competence that would
define an "outstanding" international student, it would
seem possible to allow transfers of international students
^within the framework of existing transfer policy and
''procedure. A similar argument can be made in relation
to those international students currently enrolled in
'' secondary schools. In such a way, academic standards
can be maintained, international undergraduates can be
evaluated consistendy on the basis of academic credentials and UBC is not in the position in which it must deny
admission to outstanding international undergraduate
The University of British Columbia is a major international university. Its reputation for excellence must be
nurtured, in part, by welcoming international students
and supporting them in the pursuit of their scholarly and
professional objectives. At the same time, the University recognizes the need to ensure an appropriate balance
between its different constituencies.
In pursuing its commitment to be a university of
international stature the following recommendations are
1. That The University of British Columbia
remove barriers that inhibit the participation of outstanding students, including those from other countries,
in the University community.
2. That The University of British Columbia
take active steps to increase international participation in
the University community.
3. That The University of British Columbia, as
one such appropriate step, increase the number of outstanding international undergraduate students. To this
end, the University adopt a proactive stance.
4. That The University of British Columbia
recruit outstanding international students as part of its
overall recruitment effort.
The following are considered appropriate guidelines
for determining who are outstanding international applicants.
"The University of British Columbia welcomes
applications for admission from outstanding students.
Because of the limited number of places available for
international students in undergraduate programs, the
competition for admission is keen. The following criteria suggest minimum performance levels necessary to be
considered for admission:
Academic standing: equivalent to 3.5 or
above (calculated on a 4-point scale: A=4, B=3, C=2,
D=l, F=0)
English Proficiency: a student whose na
tive language is not English should demonstrate proficiency in English language by obtaining a score of 570
on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)."
Admissibility to a specific program or Faculty is
dependent on the number of places available and on
minimum academic achievement and English language
proficiency as determined by the Faculty or School.
5. That The University of British Columbia
plan for an increase in international undergraduate students from 0.9% in 1986/87, to an overall range of 4 to
6% of new admissions each year. Individual Faculties
should be allowed reasonable divergence from overall
University norms.
The adoption of this target should be accompanied
by careful planning, including details of a phase-in
6. That The University of British Columbia
develop programs for the active recruitment of outstanding international undergraduate students.
7. That The University of British Columbia, in
recruiting outstanding international undergraduate students, seek representation from a diversity of cultural
ar 1 economic regions.
At Canadian Universities, access to study by international undergraduates is largely limited to students of
means.6 . The de facto imposition of financial barriers
ensures ah international student constituency which not
only meets the criteria for academic excellence, but also
has the ability to pay.
Attraction is one thing; attendance is another.
Broad-based attraction rooted in the ability to pay as well
as academic credentials results in the presence of an
international student body which is not representative of
the global pool of talented students and does not necessarily serve to meet the interests of the institution as a
Focussed activity based on active recruitment and
the provision of appropriate financial and other support
services removes barriers and improves representativeness ofthe undergraduate international student population.
8. That The University of British Columbia
abolish differential fees.
Earlier in the report, it was noted that differential fees
provide no identifiable advantage to the University as an
educational institution. In fact, they are suggested to be
an impediment to attracting financial donations.
9. If it proves necessary to retain differential fees that
The University of British Columbia allocate the additional net revenue so generated to be used for international undergraduate students.
10. That The University of British Columbia actively
solicit abroad financial resources in the form of grants,
bequests, etc., to be used to offset the additional costs of
increasing the number of international students.
11. That The University of British Columbia establish full cost scholarships (including tuition fees, differential fee, room, board, etc.) for academically deserving
students from countries defined by the United Nations as
"least developed" and/or from those developing areas/
countries which UBC has identified as potential major
partners in its international initiatives.10
12. That The University of British Columbia establish tuition fee waivers for academically deserving students from countries defined by the United Nations as
"underdeveloped" and/or "least developed". Or, alternatively that the University establish scholarships to
cover the tuition fees.'0
13. That The University of British Columbia establish "room and board" scholarships for academically
deserving students.
14. That The University of British Columbia make
every effort to ensure that funding to international undergraduate students will be continued to the end of a
student's program.
It is expected that the cultural and academic adjustments required of a few international undergraduates
may adversely affect their academic performance. The
withdrawal of financial support, however, will have
severe repercussions on the student's immigration status
and can create insurmountable cultural conflict caused
by perceived failure.
The intent of Recommendation 14 is: (1) to state
explicitly the commitment of the University to those
academically deserving students for whom initial funding was provided; and (2) to enable the University
flexibility to allocate financial resources, on a short term
basis, when academic performance temporarily could
preclude the continuation of scholarship funding.
15. That The University of British Columbia
eliminate those administrative and academic restrictions
which apply exclusively to international undergraduate
University policy with respect to transfers from colleges and universities is contained in the Calendar and
further detailed in publications such as the College-
University Transfer Guide. Having once specified the
level of academic achievement and English language
competence that define an "outstanding" international
undergraduate student, existing policy and procedure
can be applied.
16. That The University of British Columbia,
having defined what constitutes an "outstanding" international undergraduate student, permit these students to
enter from secondary schools or to transfer from colleges and universities in accordance with existing policy
and procedures.
17. That those University of British Columbia
faculties which currently do not consider for admission
international undergraduate students be encouraged to
review their policies, and where possible, be encouraged
to eliminate unnecessary restrictions.
18. That The University of British Columbia reexamine the resource requirements of all student service
units and provide additional resources for those units
which will be affected by the increased number of
international undergraduate students.
A major international university necessarily should
welcome international students. However, a simple
welcome is not sufficient Services to support international students in their pursuit of scholarly and professional objectives, such as Awards and Financial Aid,
Student Housing, and Student Counselling should be
provided. Recommendations 19 and 20 provide an indication ofthe types of additional resources which will be
required by the Registrar's Office and International
House if the number of international undergraduate students increases.
The Registrar's Office currendy does not have sufficient admission officers to evaluate an increased
number of international undergraduate applications, nor
is there the necessary reference library of material to
assist personnel to evaluate academic credentials of
international applicants.
19. That The University of British Columbia allocate additional resources to the Registrar's Office specifically for
• Personnel, for example, a position for an
additional admissions officer and a position for an international admissions advisor.
- Personnel training in evaluation of international credentials.
Publications and communication in order,
for example, to cover mailing costs to send Calendars
abroad to enable international students to use the TELEREG System.
Reference library of material on international educational systems, institutions, standards and
International House currendy provides a number of
programs and services for all international students an
outline of which is provided in Appendix F. These
services are provided by a staff of three, 400 volunteers
and a yearly budget of $ 12,500 exclusive of salaries.
20. That The University of British Columbia
allocate additional resources to International House
specifically for:
■ Personnel, for example, a position for an international student advisor in addition to the Director, and a
position for a program coordinator.
■ Personnel training related to Immigration Canada
policies and procedures as well as cross-cultural advising.
- Publications and communications to provide, for
example, a monthly newsletter to international undergraduate students.
- Emergency short-term funding for students who
are subject to temporary currency restrictions, delay in i
the transfer of personal funds, etc.
An additional category of service that must be specifically identified and is critically important to the
achievement of the academic and professional goals of
international undergraduate students is the provision of
programs in English as a Second Language (ESL).
Notwithstanding the recommended increase in the
minimum TOEFL requirement for admission, international students should have access to ESL programs
specifically designed to increase general facility in
English language usage, as well as competency in English for specific purposes.
21. That The University of British Columbia
review the English as a Second Language services currently being provided.
1. President Petch's letter of May 15, 1987 to
the Hon. Stanley B. Hagen. Similar views are
expressed in "The Role of the Universities in the Economic Development of British    Columbia", a report
by the three universities published in June 1987.
2 "Renewal 1987: A discussion paper on the
nature and role of the University of Toronto",
George E. Connell, President, p.40. Note: The paper
states that in 1985/86 2.3 percent of under-
graduate students gave home addresses in provinces
other than Ontario; while 4 percent gave non-
Canadian addresses.
3 "Ontario Universities: Options and Futures", Toronto, Government of Ontario 1985.
4 "Foreign Students in Canada", Volume A -
A Statement of Issues for Policy Consideration,
November 1986, Council of Ministers of Education,
5 Report of the Presidential Task Force on
Foreign Students, University of Toronto, June 1986.
Summary recommendations attached (Appendix D).
6 "Some questions of Balance". Symons,
T.H.B. and Page, J.E., AUCC, 1984, pp. 215-252,
particularly, pp. 216-224.
5 loc.cit.
7 "The Education in Canada of Students from
Other Countries", Vancouver Board of Trade,
June 1986.
8 "For Whose Benefit?", Report of the Standing Committee on External Affairs and Interna-
tional Trade on Canada's Official Development Assistance Policies and Programs,       May 1987.
9 "To Benefit a Better World." Response of
the Government of Canada to the Report on the
Standing Committee of External Affairs and International Trade, September 1987. p. 46-8.
6 loc. cit.
- UBC SPECIAL REPORT—April 7, 1988 10 See Appendix E: Countries defined by the United
Nations as "least developed".
11 Calendar statements to which this recommendation relates are included in Part II of this Report, page
14. items (ii) and (a).
President's Task Force on Liaison, Recruiting and
Dr. J. Vanderstoep (Chairman) - Associate Professor, Department of Food
Ms. J. Albright - Assistant Registrar, Admissions
Mr. M.D. Copithome - Professor, Faculty of Law
Dr. M. Elliott - Associate Dean (Teacher Education),
Faculty of Education
Ms. C. Gibson - Senior Analyst, Budget, Planning
and Systems
Dr. D. Jardine, President, Capilano College
Mr. R. McBlane - Executive Director, International
Dr. O. Slaymaker, Professor and Head, Department
of Geography
Mr. L. Sproul, Director, International Liaison Office
Mr. B. Hender, Director, Awards and Financial Aid
- Financial Assistance
Ms. J. Albright Assistant Registrar, Admissions -
Admissions Policy and Practice
Mr. B. Frampton, Residence Administrator, Student
Housing - International Student Housing
Mr. R. McBlane, Executive Director, International
House - Services Provided by International House
Ms. C. Zaraspe, Registrar's Office, - Differential
Ms. J. Robinson-Bond, Faculty of Graduate Studies
- Qualifying, Provisional and Unclassified Students
Ms. A. Marantz, Assistant Registrar - Records and
Ms. G. Good, Senior Admissions Officer - Registration Procedures
International Student Policy
University of Alberta
The University of Alberta has long had a tradition of
welcoming students from other countries. They make a
substantial contribution to the entire University community. The value of a university education is enriched and
broadened by an international perspective.
With a number of competing elements the University is attempting to focus its priorities and to clarify its
objective. To aid in this process the following policy for
international students is proposed.
1. To provide Canadian students with the
opportunity to interact with students from other coun-
triesto become moreaware of other cultures and of international issues.
2. To meet the moral responsibility of the
University to assist in the process of international development.
3. To promote international understanding
and goodwill by being a generous host to international
stadaats and making own full participants in the university eammunity and in Alberta society.
1. To strive for student representation from
as many countries and cultures and in as many fields of
study as possible.
2. To have sufficient international students
to make a significant impact on undergraduate and
graduate programs including quota faculties and to
monitor enrolment in this regard.
3. To actively encourage the selection of
students from less developed countries through scholarships and other financial support.
4. To provide the following services to international students:
a. basic information prior to departure for Canada to assist in preparation for arrival
b. arrangements for airport reception
c. orientation programs
d. assistance with immigration
e. emergency financial assistance
f. assistance with preparation for
returning to their home countries
g. student advising and counselling
5. To encourage the presence of spouses and
children of married international students and work
towards their integration into university and community
6. To promote activities that encourage
friendship and interaction among international and
Canadian students, particularly through direct support
of the International Student Centre and other international programs.
7. To provide assistance for graduate students from developing countries to do thesis research in
their home countries wherever practical.
8. To develop and actively support exchanges and other programs that encourage Canadian
students to study, travel and work in other countries.
9. To work towards the abolition of differential fees for international students and the removal of
barriers to students and their spouses seeking temporary
employment while in Canada.
10. To encourage international graduates to
be active alumni who will continue to maintain their
relationship with the University.
(Passed by General Faculties Council - 27 January
1986; Board of Governors - 9 May 1986)
Recommendation 1: The Task Force recommends
that the University of Toronto adopt the following Statement of Principles as the basis for its foreign student
Statement of Principles
(1) That the University of Toronto welcomes
foreign students into all of its programs.
(2) That academic merit be maintained as the
primary criterion for admission of foreign students to the
University of Toronto.
(3) That the Faculties, Schools, Colleges, Departments, Centres and Institutes of the University of
Toronto should enrol foreign students from as many
different countries as possible.
(4) That the University of Toronto recognize
that as a result of cultural differences, financial burdens
and legal constraints, many foreign students have special needs and that these needs should be taken into
account in all University academic divisions.
(5) That the University of Toronto mitigate,
wherever possible, the financial constraints which inhibit attraction and enrolment of outstanding foreign
student applicants.
(*) That a foreign student once admitted to a
University of Toronto degree program will have access
to courses required to complete that program on the
same basis as all other students.
Recommendation 2: The Task Force recommends
that die University, as a policy, support active recruitment of highly qualified foreign students for admission
to the University of Toronto.
Recommendation 3: The Task Force recommends
that as a general principle all foreign applicants for
admission to University of Toronto undergraduate programs should be considered for admission on the same
basis, regardless of whether they complete secondary
school in Ontario or in their home countries.
Recommendation 4: Every division of the University should attract and enrol foreign students without
restriction except when one or more of the following
conditions prevail:
- When national or provincial manpower
needs require that preference be given to students who
will reside and work here.
- When governmental legislation or regulation requires that limitations be placed on the enrolment
of foreign students.
Recommendations: The University should offset to
the extent financially possible the effects of differential
tuition fees on the enrolment of outstanding foreign
Recommendation 6: The University should seek full
cost recovery when education is purchased from the
University as a commodity by foreign governments or
Recommendation 7: The University, if given the
opportunity by the Minister of Colleges and Universities, should reorganize its tuition fee schedule to apply
differential fees equitably across all programs, and to set
tuition fees generally at levels which emphasize accessibility at the point of transition from secondary school
to university.
Recommendation 8: The Task Force recommends
the introduction of a program of admissions scholarships for outstanding foreign undergraduate students,
the awards to be of sufficient annual value to cover all
their tuition fees and to continue so long as die student
continues to maintain first-class standing. Awards
should be made on the basis of academic merit and
allocated proportionately by major geographic region.
Recommendation 9: That the Government of Ontario add to the Ontario Graduate Scholarships program
a number of awards which will double the number
available to foreign graduate students.
Recommendation 10: That the International Student
Centre inform all colleges and faculties ofthe services it
provides, and that all colleges and faculties seek to
ensure that foreign students are aware of all the services
available to them within the University community.
Recommendation 11: That the Department of Athletics and Recreation and other recreational facilities in
the University community take into account the increased interest of foreign students and Canadians in
such sports as soccer and cricket in the assignment of
playing fields and playing times.
Recommendation 12: That the matter of the quality
and availability of residential accommodation for foreign students (including accommodation for married
foreign students) be reviewed as bearing closely upon
any considerations of quality of life for foreign graduate
students, and that planning for campus residences include consideration of an "international house" or designated international area in a residence.
Recommendation 13: That the University of
Toronto make die case with the Government of Canada
that employment authorizationsd be made available to
spouses who accompany foreign students.
Recommendation 14: That the University seek information from its academic divisions regarding the
nature of academic and administrative services provided
to "casual" foreign students and discuss the institution of
"special" or "casual" program fees for foreign students
who enrol at the University but are not proceeding
toward a degree or diploma.
Recommendation 15: That the University should
develop guidelines regarding opportunities for foreign
program linkages and maintain an inventory of the
opportunities for foreign study which are open to both
domestic and foreign students.
Recommendation 16: That the University should
encourage the development of exchange programs and
urge the Ministry of Colleges and Universities to introduce flexible funding arrangements which would regard
exchange programs in institutional terms as weH as
programmatic terms.
NEW YORK, 1985]
According to the recommendations of the United
Nations Committee for Development Planning, the term
"least developed countries" applies to a category of
countries meeting certain economic and social criteria:
(1) Low income - per capita gross domestic
product of $100 or less;'
(2) Low literacy rate-20 per cent or less of the
population old enough to read;
(3) ' Low proportion of manufacturing in total
output - share of manufacturing in total gross domestic
production of 10 per cent or less.
The United Nations identifies the following 36 Least
Developed Countries in accordance with these criteria:
Afghanistan, Haiti, Bangladesh, Lao People's
Democratic Republic, Benin, Lesotho, Bhutan. Malawi,
Botswana, Maldives, Burkina Faso, Mali, Burundi,
Nepal, Cape Verde, Niger, Central African Republic'"
Rewanda, Chad, Samoa, Comoros, Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Yemen, Sierra Leone, Djibouti,.
Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, Sudan, Ethiopia, Togo,
Gambia, Uganda, Guinea, United Republic of Tanzania,
Guinea-Bissau, Yemen.
1 The committee for Development Planning wa^.
referring to the 1968 value of the dollar. One hundred.
1968 dollars are equivalent to more than 350 dollars in"
A number of agencies, in the course of providing
services to students, provide these same services to
international undergraduate students. In an effort to
prevent problems from arising and to make the international student's stay at UBC productive, International ■
House has developed a comprehensive range of service!
functions to supplement the student services available to
all UBC students. Utilizing strong community links,
over 400 volunteers, a regular staff of 3 and a budget
allocation of $12,500 per year, the House responds to the
needs of graduate and undergraduate international stu*
dents, Canadian students, the wider campus community
and the community at large.
In addition to crisis management as required. International House provides the following services specifically for international students.
(1) Pre-departure information. All international
students accepted to UBC receive a packet of information on such topics as Immigration requirements, transfers of money, and related. They are also advised of
Reach-Out, Reception, Orientation and Peer Programs.
(2) Reach-Out Community and campus volute
teers, both individual and association, initiate a written*^
correspondence with newly-accepted student prior to
the student's departure from home.
(3) Reception. Utilizing up to 80 community
and student volunteers filling approximately 150 positions. International House makes every effort to meet
students at the airport provide transportation and arrange temporary accommodation. A reception boot*
operates in the International Arrivals Level at Vancou-*
ver Airport from approximately mid-August to the Sep-,
tember Labour Day weekend.
(4) Orientation. An intensive two-week initial
orientation program is presented in late august. In
addition to dealing with cross-cultural communication^
and adaptation techniques, information on such topics asf
banking, medical insurance, landlord-tenant law and.
related topics are discussed. A comprehensive information booklet is available.
(5) Peer Program. With the assistance of the
UBC Department of Counselling Psychology, a program
which links new international students with Canadians*
on a one-to-one basis is initiated in early September.
Students remains in the Program for a minimum of eight
(6) Continuing Support Throughout a students
stay, advice and assistance are provided on a wide rang*
of topics. These include. Immigration concerns, financiaL
matters (including access to emergency funding from tnel
Canadian Bureau of International Education (CBJB)),
legal matters and personaWemctional problems. Expert
counselling is available through the Deparuneut of Counselling Psychology. Where appropriate, referrals are
made to competent campus resources.'
(7) Re-Entry. Programs are offered to assist stlt^
dents completing their studies to re-adapt to their home
culture/society. This area is becoming more important as
new research begins to show that re-integration into the
original environment is not merely as simple as "going
In addition, International House in concert with other*-
UBC sectors undertakes research relevant to international
student concerns, programs, services and experiences,
and has, in association with the Department of Counselling Psychology, assisted in the production and publishing of visual and printed training materials relevant tr^
the Peer and Re-entry Programs.
The House also provides facilities and space for social, recreational and cultural programming, plus informal
language training for international students and their
UBC SPECIAL REPORT—April 7,1988 High-tech pacemaker
- helps heart patients
lead an active life
by Debora Sweeney
A UBC cardiologist recently has implanted
several computerized pacemakers, so sophisticated they can store 80-million pieces of data.
For some people, the nuts-and-bolts pacemaker that keeps the heart pumping steadily just
doesn't do the job, said Dr. Charles Kerr.
"My pacemaker tells everything, including dirty
stories," said Kerr's patient, Ann Patrick.
Patrick suffers from tachycardia, which means
her heart beats too fast.
"All of a sudden, my heart would just start
pounding like mad and I thought I was going to
faint," she said. "A-hundred-and-eighty beats per
i minute. It felt like running the four-minute mile in
less than a minute."
Three years ago, Patrick was referred to Dr.
Kerr, the first doctor in Canada to implant high tech
pacemakers that automatically sense the tachycardia and restore the heart to its normal rate — 70 to
80 beats a minute.
The pacemaker, the size of a matchbox, is
implanted under the skin just below the collarbone.
1 By resting a small, hand-held probe on the skin,
doctors can transmit and receive messages from
the pacemaker, and display the messages on a
computer screen.
With the high tech pacemaker, Dr. Kerr can:
• Regulate Ann Patrick's heart beat by
programming an electrical impulse into her
,     • Monitor how many times she has suffered
from tachycardia since the pacemaker was
• Induce an attack to make sure the pacemaker
goes to work right away to stop it.
Attacks which once lasted four hours, now last
four seconds, said Patrick. "My heart goes
whumpty, bumpty, bump, and then it (the tachycardia) stops.
"I'm going to live forever. The old legs might
not work for very long, but my heart will," said
Patrick, who is 57.
Allan Good, a ministry of health investigator,
suffers from the opposite problem. He has
bradycardia — his heart beats too slowly because
his body's natural pacemaker doesn't send proper
electrical signals between the upper and lower
chambers of his heart.
About a year ago, Good, who enjoys swimming
and cross-country skiing, started experiencing
sudden bouts of dizziness.
"I would become exhausted very quickly," said
the 43-year-old. "When I started getting dizzy
while I was driving, I thought I'd better get it
checked out."   /
Good went to see Dr. Kerr, who told him he
needed a pacemaker to restore his active lifestyle.
Dr. Kerr programmed the pacemaker to send
an extra electrical beat into the lower chamber of
Good's heart, to replace a beat that's missing.
"I feel better than normal because I have a lot
more endurance," said Good.
What doctors are learning from these sophisti-
Photo by Warren Schmidt
Dr. Charles Kerr programs Allan Good's pacemaker to replace a heartbeat that's missing.
cated pacemakers is propelling the technology into
new areas, said Dr. Kerr.
"The extension of our work will be more
sophisticated devices that will immediately treat
people in life-threatening situations," he said.
"These are the people who suddenly go into
ventricular fibrulation. Instead of sending a few low
energy electrical signals, the pacemaker will deliver
a high energy shock onto the heart muscle. It
could save a person's life."
Kerr says those life-saving pacemakers,
currently being implanted in clinical trials in London,
Ont., should be available to doctors within a year.
High blood pressure threat
Tension in pregnant women studied
*t by Lorie Chortyk
1        Non-drug treatments for high blood pressure,
one of the most serious health threats for pregnant
women, is the focus of a new UBC study.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects 6
to 8 per" cent of pregnant' women; arid can resiiltin
toxemia, kidney failure and in severe cases, death
of a fetus.
* UBC psychologist Dr. Wolfgang Linden said the
two most common treatments for hypertensive
, pregnant women — drugs and complete bedrest —
often create as many problems as they solve.
"With drugs, there's always concern about
possible side effects on the baby, and complete
bedrest can be extremely frustrating and disruptive
for a family," said Dr. Linden. "With some women
. these are the only options available because of the
severity of their condition, but it may be possible to
r   treat less serious cases with alternative methods."
He and Dr. Wittman of UBC's Obstetrics and
Gynaecology Department are studying the
effectiveness of two relaxation techniques —
muscle relaxation and autogenics, a technique
„ which uses mental imagery — in the treatment of
^ hypertensive pregnant women. It is the first time a
comparative study of the two techniques has been
done anywhere in the world.
Linden said both methods, which have been
used successfully to lower blood pressure in the
Dr. Wolfgang Linden demonstrates equipment used
to monitor blood pressurein pregnant women.
general population, are safe and easy to learn.
"In the muscle relaxation group, we train
women to tense and relax their 16 muscle groups.
It's very concrete and practical," said Linden. "The
autogenic technique, developed in Germany, trains
the person to imagine the sensations associated
with relaxation.
"For example, if a woman closes her eyes and
imagines that her arms are warm and heavy, her
muscles will automatically Tela*."  '
A third group of women will continue standard
treatment with their physicians.
A unique feature of the study is the equipment
being used to take blood pressure readings.
"When a person's blood pressure is measured
in a clinical setting, they're usually a bit uncomfortable, and it results in a higher blood pressure
reading," said Linden. "Also we know that a single
reading isn't always accurate.
"We're using a portable battery-operated device
that takes continuous readings of both blood
pressure and heart rate. The device is lightweight
and fits into a leather carrying case with a belt, so
the women can wear it at home for a full day to
take measurements.
Linden is looking for 120 volunteers, less than
24 weeks pregnant, to take part in the study.
Participation involves a 50-minute relaxation
training session once a week for 10 weeks at
Grace Hospital in Vancouver, For more information, contact Dr. Linden at 228-4156 or 228-3800.
Chronically ill
ethnic women
subject of
by Jo Moss
Day-to-day living present special problems for
chronically ill people, but for women in some ethnic
groups it may be even more of a burden, says
Nursing professor Joan Anderson.
She is investigating the situation of diabetic
Chinese women to find out how they manage their
illness and if B.C.'s health care system is meeting
their needs.
"Understanding cultural perceptions of what
illness is and how it should be treated is part of
providing better and more cost-effective health
care," Anderson said.
She recently received a
National Health Research
Scholar Award, a salary
support grant from Health
and Welfare Canada that
allows her to devote 75 per
cent of her time to
research. It's the first time
a faculty member of the
School of Nursing has won
the prestigious award. AyncDcnu
Anderson has been ANDERSON
developing a program of research in the area of
chronic illness management and cross-cultural
health care for the past four years.
In her current study, she is interviewing a group
of 40 Chinese and Caucasian women with diabetes
in the preliminary round of the four-year study.
Working with a Chinese-speaking research
assistant, she asks the women how they discovered their illness and what effect it has on their
lives, especially on their work and family responsibilities.
"We also want to find out who they turn to for
support and what things they find supportive," she
The results will help health professionals
understand patients from other cultures.
Differing beliefs and values may sometimes be
a source of misunderstanding.
"If a Chinese patient tells the nurse that he can't
eat a meal because it's cold food, he may not be
talking about the food temperature," Anderson.
In Chinese medicine, illnesses are often
classified as hot or cold and a person who is sick
may want to avoid certain foods.
Anderson plans to develop a teaching program
to assist families in managing the care of chronically and terminally ill patients in the home.
Concerts at UBC
help VSO fund
Benefit concerts by UBC musicians and singers
have raised more than $5,000 for Mayor Gordon
Campbell's trust fund for the Vancouver Symphony
Six benefit concerts were held on campus to
aid the drive to restore the city's symphony, said
School of Music director Dr. William Benjamin.
A performance of Mozart's Requiem by the
University Singers and the Choral Union with the
UBC Symphony was sold out.
Benefit performances were also given by the
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble.
Reed named to Royal Swedish Academy
Forestry professor Les Reed has been
named a foreign member of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KLSA).
Inaugurated in 1811, the society's mandate
is to develop and improve Swedish agriculture
and forestry and related activities with the
support of science and practical experience.
One of only 75 foreign members attached to
the prestigious 300-member organization, Reed
was inducted in a ceremony at the academy
headquarters in Stockholm last month, where he
gave a lecture to members on the regulation of
forestry in Canada.
KLSA foreign members are elected as a
mark of honor in recognition of internationally
important scientific or other achievements in
agriculture or forestry.
Only three Canadians and five Americans
are foreign members.
Reed has had close ties with Sweden
throughout his career in the Canadian forest
industry. Formerly an international forestry
consultant, he now fills an NSERC /Industrial
Research Chair in Forest Policy Research at
the university.
UBC's best-selling author Dr. Ian Slater has a
new adventure-thriller novel coming out in June.
Entitled Storm, his first novel since 1981 's Air
Glow Red is something of a departure from his
previous works. In it, he abandons ecological
themes for a more conventional Cold War cliff-
hanger that pitches Soviets against Americans on
the high seas.
"There's no environmental theme in this one. I
don't want to get stuck with a label," explained
Slater, who teachers political science and edits the
journal Pacific Affairs.
He will release few details about the plot,
saying only that it is about "a Soviet threat so far
not dealt with in fiction."
Two top UBC athletes have been named
female Athlete of the Year for 1987/88 by the
Athletic Department Women's Big Block Club.
High jumper Jeannie Cockcroft and field
hockey player Melanie Slade have had outstanding competitive seasons at U6C and risen to
international competition through their university
athletic achievement.
They were honored at an awards ceremony
March 22.
Cockroft, 22, is a science student and member
of the UBC Track and Field Team. Now in her fifth
year of university athletics, she was named top
female performer at the Achilles Indoor Meet earlier
this year where she jumped 1.92 metres, winning
the event and exceeding the Olympic qualifying.
standard. [
A member of the Canadian national team since
1985, Cockroft was B.C.'s University athlete of the
year in I985 and has twice participated in the World
Student Games.
She was CIAU and CWUAA champion in I988
for the third time.
Slade, 21, is captain of UBC's Women's Field
Hockey Team and a physical education student.
An outstanding team player, she was named to the
Canadian and I988 Seoul, Korea, Olympic squad.
She's currently training in Australia and Korea for
two months on a pre-Olympic tour.
A member of Canada's junior team for three
years, Slade has been a member of B.C.'s
provincial team since I983. She was named to the
CWUAA All-Star team for the third time in I988, and
was on the CIAU first team of All-Canadians in I986
and I987.
CBC Radio is devoting an entire show to the
works of UBC music instructor Michael
Conway Baker at the Orpheum April 26.
An award-winning
composer of film scores
as well as classical
works, Baker wrote the
soundtracks for The
Grey Fox, John and The
Missus and many CBC
television shows.
Performing at the
concert will be acclaimed
soloists such as pianist
Robert Silverman, also a
UBC professor, and
BAKER soprano Ann Mortifee.
The CBC Vancouver Orcnestra will be
conducted by Kazuyoshi Akiyama
"I'm very happy this project has become a
reality," Baker said. "To have a concert
dedicated to one's own work is the kind of opportunity composers dream of."
The concert will be recorded for later
broadcast and for release as an album, compact
disc and cassette.
Admission to the 12:30 p.m. concert is $5.
UBC REPORTS April 7, 1988   3 UBC Calendar
UBC/Tennis Canada
Davis Cup Tennis Tournament. American Zone Group 1 Playoffs:
Canada vs. Chile. First Davis Cup playoff in Vancouver in 16
years. Tickets $15. Available at all VTC/CBO outlets. For
information call 280-4400. War Memorial Gymnasium. 11:00
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar
GTP-Binding Proteins are the Primary Messengers of Hormone
Action. Mr. Martin Rodbell, Director, Division of Intramural
Research, National Institutes of Health, U.S.A. For information
call 228-2059. Lecture Hall #4, IRC. 3:45 p.m.
Preventive Medicine & Health Promotion
Community Health Intelligence: Assessment for Health Promotion
at the Group Level. Dr. Fred Bass, Clinical Associate Professor,
Health Care & Epidemiology. Free. For information call 228-
2258. Room 253, James Mather Building. 4:00-5:30 p.m.
Economics Seminar
Topic TBA. Jean-Jacques Laffont, Toulouse and CalTech. For
information call 228-4608. Room 351, Brock Hall. 4:00-5:30 p.m.
Faculty Development Project Seminar
Critical Thinking: Its Place in Post-Secondary Education. Mark
Battersby, Philosophy, Capilano College. Open to all Faculty.
Free. For information call 222-5271 or 222-5272. Room A202,
Buchanan Building. 9:30-11:00 a.m.
Research Centre Seminar
Carbohydrate Differentiation Antigens on Cell Surface. Dr.
Russell Hogg, Flinders University of South Australia. Coffee at
3:45 p.m. Room 202, Research Centre, 950 West 28th Avenue,
Vancouver. 4:00 p.m.
S.E.R.F. Open House
Departmental sale of computer equipment. For information call
228-2813. Room 108, Task Force Building. View 10:00-2:00
p.m.; Sale 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Fine Arts Lecture
Berthe Morisot and the Critical Construction of Femininity. Dr.
Tamar Garb, British Art Historian. For information call 228-2209.
Room 104, Lasserre Building. 12:30 p.m.
Geophysics Seminar
A Migration Approach to The Q-Compensation of Seismic Data.
Dr. Andrew Calvert, Geophysics & Astronomy. For information
call 228-5406. Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy Building.
4:00 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium
Mammalian Neural Ethology: A New Presentation for Neuroscience. Dr. Ian Wishaw, Universtiy of Lethbridge. For information
call 228-2755. Room 2510, Kenny Building. 4:00 p.m.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Long-Term Neuronal Adaptations in an Animal Model of
Amphetamine Psychosis. Dr. T.E. Robinson, Psychology,
University of Michigan. For information call 228-7038. Lecture
Hall #4, IRC. 4:30 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar
The Role of Diffusible Morphogens in Regulating Gene
Expression During the Differentiation of Dictyostelium
DiscokJeum. Dr. Jeffrey G. Williams, Imperial Cancer Research
Fund, Clare Hall Laboratories, Potters Bar, Herts, England. For
information call 228-4829. Lecture Hall #3, IRC. 4:00 p.m.
Classics Lecture
The Ancient Wooden Furniture From the Great Tumulus at
Gordon, Turkey. Dr. Elizabeth Simpson, Ancient Near Eastern
Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. For information call
228-2889. Lecture Theatre, Museum of Anthropology. 8:00 p.m.
UBC Reports is published every second Thursday
by UBC Community Relations
6238 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1W5, Telephone 228-3131
Editor-in-chief: Don Whiteley
Editor: Howard Fluxgold
Contributors: Jo Moss, Lorie Chortyk, Debora
Sweeney, Gavin Wilson.
Photo by Warren Schmidt
It's the best deal on campus. Vince Grant, surplus coordinator, shows off a mountain of surplus computer
equipment that goes on sale Wednesday, April 13 at the Task Force Building. It is all part of a Purchasing
Department Open House to kick off its surplus equipment recycling facility. Viewing starts at 10 a.m. Future
sales will be held at regular intervals.
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period April 24 to May 7, notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms no
later than 4 p.m. on Wednesday, April 13 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Road,
Room 207, Old Administration Building. For more information, call 228-3131.
Paediatric Grand Rounds
Fetal Echocardiography. Dr. G. Sandor, Paediatric Cardiology,
Paediatrics, Children's Hospital. For information call 875-2437 or
875-2451. Auditorium, G.F. Strong. 9:00 a.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Gene Mapping. Mr. Colin Collins, Biomedical Research Scientist,
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California.
For information call 228-5311. Parentcraft Room, Main Floor,
Grace Hospital, 4490 Oak Street, Vancouver. 1:00 p.m.
French Immersion Program
$60 includes lunch and dinner. For information call 222-5227.
Room D339, Buchanan Building. 10:00 a.m.-10:00 p.m.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Studies on the Regulation of Neuropeptide Gene Expression. Dr.
J.F. McKefvy, Head, Neuroscience Research Division, Abbott
Laboratories, Chicago, Illinois. For information call 228-7038.
Lecture Hall #4, IRC. 4:30 p.m.
Faculty Development Project Seminar
The Art of Running a Meeting (for department heads and
committee chairs). Merle Ace, Commerce. Open to all Faculty.
Free. For information call 222-5271 or 222-5272. Salon B,
Faculty Club. 9:00 a.m.-12:00 noon.
Faculty Development Project Seminar
Teaching Professional Ethics in Higher Education - a Case Study.
Christopher Clark, Dentistry; Terry Anderson, Theology; John
Silver, Dentistry. Open to all Faculty. Free. For information call
222-5271 or 222-5272. Room G42, IRC. 3:00-5:00 p.m.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
The Experimental and Modelling Analysis of the Immobilized
Phase of Mammalian Cell Hollow Fibre Bioreactors. James Piret,
Applied Biological Sciences, M.I.T. For information call 228-4838.
Lecture Hall #3, IRC, Woodward Biomedical Library. 4:00 p.m.
Paediatric Grand Rounds
Human and Non-Human Primates: An Update on Fetal Alcohol
Syndrome. Dr. S. Clarren, Acting Head, Division of Congenital
Defects, Children's Hospital and Medical Centre, Seattle. For
information call 875-2437 or 875-2451. Auditorium, G.F. Strong.
9:00 a.m.
Geophysics Seminar
Progress in Seismic Verification for a Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
Dr. Thomas Cochran, Senior Staff Geophysicist, Natural
Resources Defense Council, Washington, D.C. -For information
call 228-5406. Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy Building.
12:15 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Fetal Hydronephrosis - How and When to Treat? Dr. Katie
Shapiro, Chief Resident, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Grace
Hospital. For information call 228-5311. Parentcraft Room, Main
Floor, Grace Hospital, 4490 Oak Street, Vancouver. 1:00 p.m.
Special Illustrated Public Lecture
Sponsored by the Canadian Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear
War and B.C. Chapter ot Science for Peace. Progress Towards
Verification for a Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Dr. Thomas Cochran,
Senior Staff Geophysicist, Natural Resources Defense Council,
Washington, D.C. Free. For information call 228-6124. Lecture
Hall #6, IRC. 8:00 p.m.
5th Annual Point Grey Celebration
Co-sponsored by the GVRD/Endowment Lands Regional Park
Committee. Sunday, April 10,10:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m. Take me trek
challenge to see the "Forgotten Forest". Come to West Spanish
Banks and take the free bus to trek starting point. Other family
activities too. For information call 432-6350.
Language Programs and Services
Non-credit conversational programs in French, Spanish,   .
Golf Lessons
Get into the swing of things this spring with Golf Lessons.
Community Sport Services is once again offering Golf Lessons at
the basic or intermediate level. The first set of lessons begin April
25th. Tuition waivers acceptable. For information call 228-3688.
Fine Arts Exhibition T
Terragraphs and Calligrams: Recent work by Keith Mitchell. Now   '*
until April 29. Fine Arts Gallery. Basement, Main Library.
Tuesday to Friday, 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.; Saturday, Noon-5:00 1
Faculty Club Art Exhibition
Now until April 30th. Watercolour and Ink Paintings of Histological
Designs, Local Architecture, and Native Plants. By Anne Adams.
For information call 228-5426. Faculty Club.
Final Exams for Disabled Students ■'■
Disabled students requiring assistance with access to final exams   J
or anticipating specialized problems, contact Jan del Valle, Co-       '
ordinator of Services Disabled Students, at 228-4858. Room 200,
Brock Hall.
Arts Review '88
Sponsored by the Arts Undergrad Society. Accepting applications
now at the A.U.S. Office, Buchanan A107. No hand written «
submissions. Include S.A.S.E. Deadline is May 1st. Prizes are     ^
for best poetry and fiction. For information call 228-4403.
UBC Cricket Club
Sponsored by the Athletic Department. First practices of new
season. For information call 266-0683 or 666-8059.
Copying in the Libraries?
Save time and money with a UBC Library copy card. $5 cards
sold in most libraries; $10, $20 or higher cards in Copy Service,    *
Main or Woodward. Cash/Cheque/Departmental Requisition. For +
information call 228-2854.
Psychology Research Study
Couples, aged 30-60, needed for research on effects of
communication on bodily responses. Experiment conducted in
UBC Psychology Department. Personal feedback and stress
management information provided. For information call James
Frankish at 734-2979. Kenny Building.
Psychology Research Project *"~1
Families wanted for child development study. Mothers and their
3-6 yr. old children (2 boys or 2 girls) are urgently needed for a
project studying sibling interaction. Approx. 1 hour. For
information call Cindy Hardy at 228-6771 or 684-2142.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education & Recreation, through the John M. Buchanan
Fitness and Research Centre, is administering a physical fitness
assessment program to students, faculty, staff and the general
public. Approx. 1 hour. $25, students $20. For information call
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of Statistics to provide
statistical advice to faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. For information call 228-4037. Forms for
appointments available in Room 210, Ponderosa Annex C.
Language Exchange Program
Exchanging Languages on a One-to-One Basis. For information
call 228-5021. International House. Office Hours 9:30 a.m.-4:30
Walter Gage Toastmasters
Public speaking and leadership meeting, Wednesdays, 7:30-9:30
p.m. Guests are welcome to attend, ask questions, and
participate. For information call Geoff Lowe at 261-7065. Room
215, SUB.
M.Y. Williams Geological Museum *
Open Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.. The Collectors Shop   *
is open Wednesdays 1:30-4:30 p.m. or by appointment. For
information call 228-5586. ^
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open daily 10.00 a.m.-7:00 p.m. in April. Free.
Botanical Garden
Open daily 10:00 a.m.-7:00 p.m. in April. Free.
New telereg system is
'working extremely well'
by Gavin Wilson
"Welcome to telereg."
The computer generated voice of UBC's new
telephone registration system has already greeted
thousands of callers since starting March 15, acting
registrar Alan McMillan said.
"We've had a couple of momentary problems
that have put the system down for 15-20 minutes
on a couple of days, but we've been able to identity
the problems and correct them," he said. "Technically, it's been working extremely well."
A total of 2,428.students had registered with the
system as of March 24. The first to tele-register
was fourth-year arts student Rita Koudis.
The system has answered as many as 660
calls in a single hour as registration for the spring
and summer sessions gets under way.
Some calls lasted just a few seconds and
apparently were from people curious to hear what
the computer's voice sounded like. There was even
a self-styled telephone "hacker" who called
repeatedly to test the system.
4   UBC REPORTS April 7,1988
Because the telereg system is constantly
monitored, McMillan could see that the student had
phoned 24 times. Asked if he was having
problems, the shamefaced student had to admit he
was only horsing around.
McMillan said the student was warned, and if
he persists, could find his access to the system
temporarily withdrawn.
"If a student is abusing the system, we can put
a restriction on him so that any change he wants to
make to his courses has to be done through his
department advisor. There is security built into the
system," McMillan said.
Telereg faces its major test when registration
for autumn classes begins June 15. As many as
30,000 students are eligible to enrol.
Feedback the registrar's office has received will
enable it to streamline and clarify some of the
instructions in time for autumn registration.	
Senate meeting
The next meeting of Senate has been move to
April 20 from April 13.
Photo by Warren Schmidt
Students from Burnaby and Sechelt measure the electrical field of a fish in Dr. Robert Blake's zoology lab.
About 200 high school students with an interest in science recently visited UBC.


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