UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Sep 3, 1992

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Array UBC Archives Serial,
Pharmaceutical giant funds centre
$15 million invested in genetic research
Merck Frosst Canada Inc., the country' s leading pharmaceutical manufacturer, will invest $ 15
million to establish a Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics at the University of British
UBC President David Strangway hailed the
centre, announced Sept. 1, as a milestone for
collaborative scientific research activity.
"The important partnerships we are forging
with industry and government herald major new
advances for the country's health care," he said.
Advanced Education, Training and Technology Minister Tom Perry said: "I am very pleased
to see this significant investment in the province's pharmaceutical sector. It recognizes the
national reputation for excellence of British Co
lumbia's biotechnology researchers."
Linking funding ofthe centre to the passage of
Bill C-91, tabled earlier this year by the federal
government to extend patent protection on new
drugs, Michael Tarnow, president of Merck Frosst
Canada Inc., said: "By providing a legislative
environment which protects the results of our
scientific research, government encourages investments such as that being announced today."
This commitment represents the single largest extramural grant for research in the history of
Merck, the world's largest pharmaceutical company.
'The goal of this centre will be to use new
technology in understanding the mechanisms
which cause diseases with genetic components,
See MERCK on Page 3
Record numbers of
students turned away
UBC is turning away greater numbers of
prospective students than ever before this fall.
More than 3,300 applicants who meet minimum
university requirements have been refused admission for the 1992-93 winter session, an increase of 40
per cent over last year's figure of 2,414.
In a scenario being played out at universities
and colleges throughout the province this fall,
UBC is caught between growing demand and a
limited number of spaces.
But UBC Registrar Richard Spencer, whose
office released the figures, cautioned that the
number of refused applicants is not a true reflection of the number of people who won't find a
place in B.C.'s post-secondary system.
Many prospective students are applying for more
than one program at UBC and a large number also
apply to several institutions. The total number of
applications to B.C. institutions is greater than the
number of individual applicants, he said.
"It appears to be true there are not enough
spaces in post-secondary education in B.C., but
the shortage is very different from the sum of all
applications that are refused," Spencer said. 'The
real shortage is difficult to pin down."
DARK MATTER: UBC astronomers
have brought science closer to unravelling the mysteries surrounding
the mass which makes up a large part
of the universe, but cannot be seen.
Page 2
SHRUM BOWL: Organizers hope to
boost attendance at this year's football classic, which takes place on
September 12. Page 14
25 YEARS LATER: Arts One started
asa pilot program 25 years ago. Some
former students look back. Forum,
Page 16
At UBC, thousands of applicants either do not
meet minimum university entrance requirements,
fail to follow through and complete their applications, or submit them too late to meet application
deadlines, he added.
And nearly half of those who are offered
admission to a given program ultimately do not
register in it, usually because they have accepted an offer from another institution.
Enrolment in all programs is determined by
quotas, most of which have remained constant for
several years. In the case of first-year Science,
however, the quota has actually declined, reducing
enrolment by 200 students since 1990-91.
Final registration figures are not yet available, but they will be approximately equal to
enrolment quotas in those programs in which
there is a shortage of spaces.
In total, UBC received about 23,000 applications from prospective students seeking entry
this fall into undergraduate quota programs that
have about 5,400 places (not including applicants to Law, Medicine, Dentistry and Education).
In first- through fourth-year Arts, there were
9,859 applicants for 2,250 places. About 1,964
otherwise qualified applicants were turned away.
In first-year Science, 5,617 applicants were
vying for 1,200 places. A total of 1,060 qualified applicants were refused.
There is steady growth in applications to
post-baccalaureate programs as well. Law, which
accepts just 240 new students each year, had
2,583 applications.
The competition for places means that students applying for admission to UBC programs
this fall need higher grade point averages than
ever before.
Although a grade point average of 2.5 is the
minimum that is technically required for admission to the university from secondary school,
applicants must now have averages of at least
3.00 for admission to first-year Arts, 3.17 to
first-year Science and 3.19 to first-year Engineering.
Although some believe the increasing grade
point averages are a result of higher grades issued
See DEMAND on Page 2
Chasing the Four Tigers
Photo by Charles Ker
Mark Fruin, newly appointed director of UBC's Institute of Asian Research, says the
key to understanding the economic success of Asia's Four Tigers—Hong Kong, Korea,
Taiwan and Singapore — lies with their traditional past. The institute's five regional
centres will provide a forum where Asianists, traditional and modern, can explore
contemporary policy and research issues. See profile, page 3.
UBC extends sympathy
to grieving Concordia
Acting on behalf of the university community, UBC President David Strangway has sent
a letter of condolence to Concordia University
Rector Patrick Kenniff following the shooting
deaths of three faculty members there last week.
"That a tragedy of this magnitude should
occur at a Canadian university is unthinkable,
and yet, as past events have shown, it is sadly all
too real," Strangway said.
"As we grieve the passing of valued colleagues, we hope that one day such anguish and
despair will no longer darken Canadian univer
sity campuses. Let us all work together to make
that day a reality."
Three members of Concordia's engineering
faculty were killed and two others were wounded,
one critically, when a gunman opened fire in a
university building.
Concordia Professor Valery Fabrikant was arrested at the scene and now faces three counts of
first-degree murder and two of attempted murder.
Fabrikant had been feuding with fellow professors and the university administration over
his tenure and research. 2    UBCREPORTS September3,1992
Letters to the Editor
Gender neutral hero?
In the interests of promoting the use of gender neutral language
at UBC, perhaps you could propose an alternative to the phrase
"unsung hero" (UBC Reports, Volume 38, Number 12, page 3).
I came across the same situation when giving out awards for girls
in a field hockey organization that had originally been a male-only
organization. At least I was able to give my award to an "unsung
heroine" although a term that used neither hero nor heroine would
have been preferable.
I will be interested to read in future issues whether you have
come up with an alternative.
Margaret Ellis
Central Networking
Information and Computing Systems
The Giant Sequoia
Recipe for failure
So "ill health downs giant redwood tree"! Nonsense! "A report
prepared by a professional arborist suggests the tree's energy bank
is nearly exhausted." Prove it. This tree has been starving to death
because it can no longer reach into its "energy bank." So what
happened here?
All trees depend on water entering through their roots to bring
nutrients to the cells. Large trees growing on the UBC campus are
mainly rooted above the impermeable basal till that occurs at
varying depths. They draw their water and nutrients from this
relatively shallow zone of soil. Without water the roots cannot take
up the required nutrients. The effect of increased paving is to reduce
the amount of water available in the soil. The effect of root
"pruning" similarly reduces water availability for the tree. Either
lack of water or lack of roots renders the soil nutrients unavailable.
The effect of such nutrient unavailability can be seen in the declining condition ofthe oaks on the Main Mall, as well as in the "giant
redwood tree" by the Main Library.
So who killed this tree? Though some are more guilty than
others, we all did. Let's consider our recipe for failure. How to kill
a tree: a step by step method.
1. Select an inappropriate species for the site, i.e. a giant
redwood (native to California forests) on the south side of a light
coloured building.
2. Plant the tree, then alter its environment, by extending the
building on one side by paving the ground all around it.
3. Drape it with lights, for festive and symbolic reasons and leave
the wires on year round, to cause possible damage.
4. Top the tree, when it develops a bare trunk near its crown, thus
allowing the possible entrance of disease.
5. Declare this tree to be a heritage tree! (Surely this should not
be a cause ofthe tree's death? Read on.)
6. Construct a raised planter around the tree, to discourage
people from leaning bicycles on it and stapling notices to it. Cut a
metre deep trench around the tree for the planter's foundation,
cutting through every lateral root that extends from the tree in the
surface layer.
7. Declare the tree a hazard and chop it down, because even if it
is not yet dead and might recover, it will look sick for several years.
Now we know why we failed, let's try and learn from our
mistakes. If the tree must be cut down, we should have a thorough
post mortem. The information gained should become part of an
inventory of campus trees; to serve as a warning.
Margaret E.A. North
California dreaming
In your article on page 3 of the August 13 issue, reporting the
impending fate ofthe Sequoiadendron giganteum outside the Main
Library, you refer to the tree as a "California Redwood."
The Latin and the English don't correspond! The common name
for Sequoiadendron giganteum is giant sequoia. Calling it a
redwood may be justifiable, as this is indeed one of the three trees
in the redwood family, but the California redwood (or coast redwood) is Sequoia sempervirens.
This will not do — I can tell you are un-read on your woods!
Incidentally, it is ironic that this campus specimen of a species
that includes some of the oldest and most massive trees on earth
should come to its end so soon.
Michael La Brooy
Head, TRIUMF Information Office
Preserve living labs
Re: "111 health downs giant redwood tree" p. 3. vol 38 (12).
Your article did not mention a factor which probably contributed
in a major way to the giant tree's "ill health," i.e. the recent
construction of a flower bed around its base. In order to make forms
for deep concrete walls to surround the garden, a large trench was
dug around the tree, and witnesses say that large roots were cut. In
addition, tons of soil were placed on top of the shallow roots,
minimizing their air supply. The installation ofthe flower bed over
the roots was followed by development of symptoms in the next
severe dry spell. It is difficult to imagine that this factor was not
mentioned in the professional arborist's report that was referred to
in the above article.
While wood from the dead giant redwood by the library can be
used in a symbolic way in a UBC building, let's learn about our other
trees and honour them while they're alive. Our campus trees are
essential to the UBC landscape and are part ofthe UBC experience
for us all. Although looking lovely is reason enough to cherish
them, for students in Science, Agriculture and Forestry they are a
living laboratory for their courses. Active steps need to be taken to
establish the whole campus as an Arboretum. The establishment of
an up-to-date campus inventory is a necessary first step to recognition of the importance of our trees.
Edith Camm, Assistant Professor
Botany /Forest Sciences
The root of the matter
In your issue of August 13, you described the demise ofthe giant
redwood tree in front of the Main Library. I am sure I am not alone
in having noticed that the tree's decline was much more marked
following the execution of some fool's decision to build a concrete
planter around its base during this past year. Until then, the redwood
was carrying on life quite normally. The construction ofthe planter,
however, entailed the destruction of some of the tree's roots, sawn
through to make room for a neat little concrete box. The trauma to
the remaining roots occasioned by heat transferred to them through
the concrete, and by the disturbing ofthe topsoil around the base for
the sake ofthe plants installed in the planter, seem to have tipped the
balance. Perhaps, as well, the bark mulch used in the planter was
noxious to the tree's roots (as seems to have been true for two other
trees — not redwoods — in a bed adjacent to the psychiatry hospital,
which died off two or three years ago following the application by
gardeners of bark mulch to that bed).
I can only hope that the next time someone gets the urge to
meddle with a tree that is doing quite well on its own, that urge will
be quashed by common sense, further study, someone else's better
judgement, or by sober reflection on such cases as this.
Rick Baker
UBC Bookstore
Nature of
dark matter
UBC astronomers Harvey Richer and
Gregory Fahlman have shed new light on
the so-called dark matter of outer space.
Despite the enormous mass of material in our galaxy, which has an estimated
100 trillion stars, there is not enough to
explain the large-scale dynamic behavior
ofthe galaxy as a whole.
Scientists postulate that this missing
or "dark" matter must exist, but no one
has been able to show what form it takes.
"If Newton's law of gravity is in place
—and no one is willing to challenge that
—then it should exist," said Richer, who
recently completed a year-long sabbatical at the Institute of Astronomy at the
University of Cambridge. "But there are
several competing theories about what
dark matter consists of."
In an article published this summer in
the prestigious British scientific journal
Nature, Fahlman and Richer, both professors in the Dept. of Geophysics and
Astronomy, report findings that show
that small stars—thought by some to be
dark matter — do not exist in sufficient
numbers to account for the missing mass.
Previous studies of globular clusters
of stars by Richer and Fahlman show that
the number of stars rises steeply in inverse
proportion to their mass. In other words,
there are many more light stars than heavy
This supported the theory that much
ofthe galaxy's mass may be in the form
of the smallest stars, "brown dwarfs" so
low in mass they are incapable of igniting
their nuclear fuel.
Tofurthertest this, Richer andFahlman
used automated image analysis to look at
the distribution of the smallest and faintest stars in a portion ofthe galaxy's outer
reaches, called the spheroid.
Although, as expected, they found that
there are many more small stars than large
stars in the spheroid, Richer's and
Fahlman's calculations give a total mass at
least 10 times too low to supply the required dark matter content for the galaxy.
Richer said the data, gathered "under
superb conditions" at the Canada-France-
Hawaii telescope in Hawaii, is the best and
most complete yet used to investigate the
number of low-mass stars in our galaxies.
Continued from Page 1
by high school teachers, Spencer said
he doubts that this is a significant
'There may be some grade inflation, but we know the real quality of
applicants is going up every year. We
used to receive applications from the
whole range of high school graduates.
Now it is the stronger students who are
Spencer said some of the reasons
why demand is increasing so rapidly
may include the Lower Mainland's
burgeoning population and an increasing number of people from Asian
cultures, many of whom place a high
value on continued education.
As well, B.C. still has one of Canada's lowest participation rates in post-
secondary education. As the province's economy moves away from its
traditional resource base, greater
numbers of people will seek higher
education, Spencer said. UBC REPORTS September 3.1992       3
Universities turn to private
industry for research funds
With research money from government granting agencies becoming
increasingly difficult to obtain, Cana-
*■ dian universities have been turning to
private industry to support their research needs.
"The Bristol-Myers Squibb grant
and the Merck Frosst investment are
major advancements in UBC's relationship with industry for real research
and development," says Bernard
"* Bressler, associate vice-president of
research, health sciences.
Bressler's position was created two
years ago to ensure that UBC focused
on attracting research money from the
h      pharmaceutical industry.
u In 1991, UBC received $2 million in
research funds from the pharmaceutical
industry. Since January of this year,
more than $800,000 has been acquired,
including another donation from Merck
Frosst of $250,000 to be split between
the establishment of a Doctor of Phar
macy Fellowship and scholarships for
sciences and applied sciences.
Bressler hopes that UBC can expect more investment from the nation's drug companies if an anticipated change in federal patent laws
receives parliamentary approval.
Known as Bill C-91, the legislation
would extend the multinational drug
companies' patent protection for new
drugs by three years.
"Extended patent protection should
result in more of the multinationals
conducting a greater portion of their
research and development in Canada,"
Bressler explained.
The pharmaceutical industry recently announced plans to invest $400
million in capital and research spending over the next five years if the
' legislation passes.
Bressler believes the next hurdle is
for B.C. to acquire a larger portion of
the money spent by drug companies
on research and development.
Merck Frosst Canada
funds genetic research
Continued from Page 1
such as heart disease and disorders of
the nervous system," said UBC Genetics Professor Michael Hayden, who
will head the new centre.
"We are confident that this will
lead to novel approaches to treatment."
It is anticipated that a new facility
will be established with a target date
of 1993 for commencement of research
Scientists at the centre will be collaborating with researchers from the
Canadian Genetic Diseases Network,
headquartered at UBC and directed by
Approximately 60 per cent of Canadians will develop or die from a
disease with a genetic component.
"In 1991, the province received
just three per cent of the total investment by the industry in Canada, but in
terms of drug sales, British Columbians
consumed 12 per cent of all pharmaceuticals sold in the country," Bressler
By comparison, the populations of
Quebec and Ontario (each consumed
approximately 22 per cent of the nation's therapeutic drugs) received 47
and 43 per cent of the pharmaceutical
industry's research dollars respectively.
Bressler said that Quebec's fiscal
policies—such as providing a provincial tax credit to the pharmaceutical
industry—are largely responsible for
encouraging continued investment by
the industry in that province.
He added that B.C.'s Ministry of
Economic Development is starting to
follow Quebec's lead, and a provincial strategy for attracting more money
from the pharmaceutical industry is
Cocaine cravings
mapped in brain
UBC neuroscientist Chris
Fibiger has discovered a way to
map the precise locations in the
brain that are affected by cocaine
and drugs used to treat schizophrenia.
"These drugs activate a gene
called c-fos, which produces a protein used to visualize individual
nerve cells whose activity has been
altered by the abuse substances,"
Fibiger explained.
"Identifying the presence and location of c-fos protein may permit
the rapid evaluation of new drugs
for schizophrenia."
Fibiger, head of the Division of
Neurological Sciences in UBC's
Dept. of Psychiatry, has also identified the area of the brain that is
activated to create the intense craving for cocaine experienced by recovering addicts.
He is currently investigating
ways to evaluate the effects of the
drug in the brain.
"This may be a key to understanding why cocaine addicts, who
are trying to cure their addiction,
relapse," Fibiger said.
Fibiger has been awarded a
$500,000 Bristol-Myers Squibb unrestricted neuroscience research
grant which will allow him to continue his study on the biochemistry
ofthe brain over the next five years.
"We feel that this funding commitment gives the institutions and
investigators who participate in the
program the opportunity to pursue
ideas which may otherwise not receive funding," said Tim Meakin,
president of Bristol-Myers Squibb
UBC is the only Canadian university to receive one of 11
neuroscience research grants of
$500,000 awarded since the inception ofthe program four years ago.
The research grant is part of a
$39-million program of unrestricted
grants, sponsored by Bristol-Myers
Squibb since 1977, in the areas of
neurosciences, cancer, nutrition,
orthopedics, pain, infectious disease and cardiovascular disease.
Fibiger's research over the past
20 years has been supported by
grants totalling more than $4 million by the Medical Research Council of Canada.
Institute binds Asia's past to future vision
It's Monday afternoon in UBC s
Asian Centre where Mark and Noah
Fruin are hard at work. The former
is peering intendy over his teenaged
son's shoulder while he sorts through
computer files.
A guest arrives, greetings are exchanged and as Fruin Sr. settles down
to talk about his recent appointment,
Noah returns to the laptop.
"He knows more about setting it
up than I do," Fruin remarks with a
chuckle. "It's new, so hopefully I
haven't botched it up too badly."
No matter. It's Fruin's Jfjiowl-
edge of contemporary Asia, not
modern software, that landed him
the job as director of UBC's Institute of Asian Research.
Taking over from founding director Terry McGee, Fruin has been
charged with overseeing an ambitious expansion of the 14-year-old
During the last year, the Faculty
of Graduate Studies and the university Senate formally approved a restructuring plan to create five new
research centres in Japanese, Korean, South Asian, Southeast Asian
and Chinese (including Hong Kong
and Taiwan) Studies.
With a BA in history, an MA in
East Asian regional studies and a
PhD in Japanese social and economic
history, all from Stanford University,
Fruin has a solid grounding in Asia's
traditional past. Added to this is a 20-
year teaching career in five countries
(including a brief stint at UBC) where
he focused on the more contemporary
issues of international and comparative management, business and economic history.
at France's European Institute of Business Administration (INSEAD), reputedly the world's largest international
business school. There, as professor of
strategy and management, Fruin taught
how Japanese firms develop, network
and position themselves in the international marketplace.
According to Fruin, the study of
networks is a "hot" social science with
"Too often a lot of policymaking has been
done on what we know about ourselves and
what we think we know about Asia."
Fruin took a particular interest in
Japan following an undergraduate exchange program between Keio University and Stanford in 1964. It was an
Olympic year and the experience left a
lasting impression.
"That was an exciting time with
Japan emerging as the world model for
economic development and performance and it remains the most advanced
industrial economy today," he said.
"What were once considered quaint
and exotic Asian subjects when I began
my studies, have suddenly become terribly important."
Fruin' s last full-time academic posting before arriving in Vancouver was
Japan, again, the undisputed leader in
corporate networking.
But while he applauds the bringing
together of Asian Studies and Social
Sciences, Fruin still points to language
and culture as being the key elements to
understanding Asia.
• Most western social scientists, he
explains, think of their disciplines as
being universal when, in fact, they are
restricted to the experience of Western
Europe and North America since the
18th century.
"It's in that relatively narrow slice
of time and geography that these supposedly universal theories of human
behavior appeared and much of it just
doesn't apply to the Pacific Rim region," said Fruin.
'Too often a lot of policymaking
has been done on what we know about
ourselves and what we think we know
about Asia."
But Fruin also notes that people are
becoming more open-minded about
learning from Asia. They are recognizing that it takes a certain kind of knowledge to understand what's going on in
the region and to benefit from developments there.
The institute, Fruin says, will be the
mechanism through which Asianists, traditional and modem, can get together and
explore the more contemporary policy
and research concerns of various regions.
Also.non-Asianist academics from across
the campus will be encouraged to join the
instituteandcentres' research and conference activities.
In so doing, Fruin said the institute
will be much more open in its quest to
develop a long-term university strategy by mapping out programs dealing
with the Asia-Pacific region as a whole.
Through inter-disciplinary and
multi-disciplinary research projects,
Fruin added that the institute will "start
preparing us now for what we'll need
to know 10 years from now."
Throughout the coming academic
year, each ofthe five centres will offer
a series of regular seminars and lec-
tures on regional issues open to
business, government and community groups, as well as university
Apart from his duties as director, Fruin plans to continue with his
own research and writing. His second book, The Japanese Enterprise
System: Competitive Strategies and
Corporate Structures, is due out
from Oxford University Press this
month and two more books are in
the works.
He also plans to teach part-time
in the Faculty of Commerce and
Dept. of History.
Though his residency status is
temporary and his appointment at
UBC open-ended, Fruin confides
that he's "in for the long-haul." 4    UBC REPORTS September 3.1992
September 6 -
September 19
Campus Tour For New Students
School and College Liaison Office' 3 guided
walking tour for new students leaves the
Student Union Building's south plaza today at 12:45pm. Allow approx. 11/4
hours. Call 822-4319.
Modern South Asia Seminar
Welcoming Meeting/Report Of Management Committee. Prof, John R.
Wood, Political Science.
Asian Centre 604 from
12:30-2pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4688.
Statistics Workshop
On Segmented Multivariate Regressions.
Shiying Wu, Statistics. Angus 321 at
4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3167;
messages, 822-2234.
Campus Tour For New Students
School and College Liaison Office's guided
walking tour for new students leaves the
Student Union Building's south plaza today at 12:45pm. Allow approx. 1 1/4
hours. Call 822-4319.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Report Of The Combined Meeting Of The
Orthopaedic Associations Of The English
Speaking World. Chair: Dr. Robert W.
McQraw. Speakers: Richard Kendall,
MD; Alastair Younger, MD; Bas Masri,
MD. Eye Care Centre Auditorium at 7am.
Call 875-4646.
UBC Anglican Community
Worship Service
Eucharist. Celebrant, Reverend Bud
Raymond, Anglican Chaplain. Lutheran
Campus Centre Chapel at 7:15am. Call
Campus Tour For New
School and College Liaison Office's guided walking tour for new students
leaves the Student Union
Building's south plaza today at 12:45pm. Allow
approx. 1 1/4 hours. Call 822-4319.
*%'rt, .";.,;'■
For events in the period September 20 to October 3, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms
no laterthan noon onTuesday, September8, to the CommunityRelationsOffice, Room 207,6328Memorial Rd, Old Administration
Building. Formore information call822-3131. ThenexteditionofUBCReportswillbepublishedSeptemberl7. Notices exceeding
35 words may be edited The number of items for each faculty or department will be limited to four per issue.
Physics Colloquium
Atomic And Molecular Manipulation With
The Scanning Tunnelling Microscope.
Don Eigler, IBM Research Division,
Almaden Research Centre, San Jose,
CA. Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 822-
FRIDAY, SEPT. 11    |
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Grand
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Speakers: Dr. I. Kornfeld, Dr. D. Farquharson,
Dr. D. Sandor. University Hospital,
Shaughnessy Site D308 Lecture Theatre
at 8am. Call 875-3108.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Genes, Nutrients And Hormones - Their Roles In
Modulating Human Physical Growth And Development. Dr. John F. Crigier,
Jr., chief emeritus,
Endocrinology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. G.F. Strong Auditorium at 9am.
Call 875-2118.
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
The Impact Of Free Trade On Health
Care In Canada. Nelson Riis, MP,
Deputy/House Leader, NDP. All welcome. James Mather 253 from 9-10am.
Call 822-2772.
Pulp/Paper Centre Seminar
A Review Of Tracer Reactions For Investigating Mixing. Prof. J.R. Bourne, Chemical Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute
of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland. Pulp/Paper Centre seminar room
101 at 10am. Call 822-8560.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
The Clathrate Process For The Concentration Of Pulp Mill Effluent. Cathrine
Gaarder, graduate student, Chemical
Engineering. Chemical Engineering 206
at 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Museum Of Anthropology
Family Story Hour
Stories Of Resistance.
Latin American actress
and storyteller, Ursula
Taylor. Free with Museum admission. MOA
Rotunda at 1pm. Call
Mechanical Engineering
Wavelet Analysis Of Vibration. Prof.
David Newland, U. of Cambridge. Civil/
Mechanical Engineering 1202 from
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
University Womens' Club
For new members. Hycroft from 7-10pm.
Call 224-4407.
Institute of Asian Research
Seminar Series
Understanding Consumers Moving Between Cultures: Hong Kong Immigrants
In Canada. Prof. David Tse, Commerce/
Business Administration. First of the series offered by the Centre for Chinese
Research. Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-4688.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
The Complete Coordination Chemistry As A Basis
for Modeling The Heme
Proteins. Prof. Daryle H.
Busch, Chemistry, U. of
Kansas, Lawrence, KS.
Chemistry 250 South Block at 1pm. Refreshments at 12:50pm. Call 822-3266.
Statistics Workshop
Proper Dispersion Models. Dr. Bent
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Anatomy. Friedman 37
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Calendar continued on page 13 UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
Employment Equity
Census Analysis
Page 5
September 3, 1992
Dear Colleague,
This analysis of the employment equity census data examines UBC's progress
toward its May 1991 goals. The report was prepared by Dr. Sharon E. Kahn, Director of
Employment Equity, and was approved by the President's Advisory Committee on
Employment Equity. The report suggests that the University must actively recruit
members of the designated-groups and continue to create initiatives that support a work
environment where members of these groups can compete fairly for jobs at all levels
throughout the University.
I would like to thank those faculty and staff who have responded to the
employment equity census and to encourage any employee who has not yet completed
a census form to do so. Please address any comments about UBC's employment equity
program to Dr. Kahn, c/o President's Office.
Yours sincerely,
David W. Strangway
In February 1990, the University of
British Columbia sent the employment equity census to 6,974 employees, including
part-time, casual, and temporary staff. The
initial census distribution was followed by a
second distribution to non-respondents in
March 1990. UBC now collects these data
from all newly hired employees on an ongoing basis.
In May 1991, the Office of Employment Equity reported the results of the
initial census (UBC Reports, May 16,1991).
The report compared the representation of
designated-group members—women, aboriginal people, members of visible minorities, and persons with disabilities—with
two external employment pools: the 1986
Canadian labour force and doctoral degrees granted nationally to women. Based
on that analysis ofthe composition of UBC's
workforce relative to qualified external employment pools, the President's Advisory
Committee on Employment Equity
(PACEE) then recommended hiring goals
forthe University's employment equity program (See Table 1).
This report examines UBC's
progress toward the recommendations
made in May 1991, describes the representation of designated groups in UBC's
workforce as of December 1991, and
compares two snapshots of the UBC
workforce—December 1990 and December 1991.   In addition, the report con
cludes with a discussion of future steps in
UBC's employment equity program.
The first recommendation of the
May1991 ReportwasthatUBC hire women
to fill at least 35% of vacant tenure-track
faculty positions. During the 1991/92 academic year, women were appointed to
38% (35 out of 91) of new tenure-track
appointments. Thus, in the first year following the setting of hiring goals, the University met its goal for faculty women. In
addition, PACEE recommended that the
35% overall figure be adjusted for individual faculties and departments according to their respective applicant pools. In
the fall of 1991, Vice-President Academic,
Daniel R. Birch, requested that the deans
submit to him written statements of their
faculties' goals for hiring women into tenure-track positions as well as the procedures and guidelines by which they planned
to implement this goal.
Finally, Recommendation A urged
the University to devise means to attract
and retain the best-qualified faculty women.
For the 1991/92 year, women's representation among tenure-trackfaculty increased
to 19.1% from 17.9% in the previous year.
Similarly, in all faculty ranks, both tenured
and non-tenured, women's participation
rose from 19.1% in 1990/91 to 20.4% in
Table 1
1991 Recommendations for Hiring
Consistent with UBC's Policy on Employment Equity, which states that individual achievement and merit are the fundamental criteria for employment decisions, the President's Advisory
Committee on Employment Equity recommends the following:
A. To ensure that UBC reflects the percentage of women in the applicant pool of doctoral
degree recipients in Canada, UBC should hire women to fill at least 35% of vacant tenure-track
faculty positions. (This is an overall figure and must be adjusted for individual faculties and
departments according to their respective applicant pools.) As universities across Canada seek
to increase the number of women in their faculties, competition for the women in this pool will
increase. Therefore, UBC should devise means to attract and retain the best-qualified women.
B. In order to reflect the numbers of women, aboriginal people, members of visible
minorities, and persons with disabilities currently employed in external labour pools, UBC
should add the following qualified individuals to its staff with all reasonable dispatch:
Abella Category
Current # of employees
Upper Level Managers (5)
Professionals (2626)
Supervisors (137)
Foremen/women (42)
Sales Workers (89)
Service Workers (508)
Skilled Crafts & Trades (148)
Semi-Skilled Manual Workers (40)
Other Manual Workers (373)
Hiring Goal to Eliminate
Current Shortfall
1 woman
39 women
2 aboriginal people
2 persons with disabilities
3 women
3 members of visible minorities
1 person with disability
1 aboriginal person
3 persons with disabilities
8 persons with disabilities
3 women
2 aboriginal people
1 woman
1 aboriginal person
2 members of visible minorities
1 person with disability
5 aboriginal people
C. UBC should review its goals for hiring members of designated employment-equity
groups annually keeping in view the long-term objective of a workforce that reflects the
distribution of potential candidates with appropriate qualifications, including women, aboriginal
people, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities.
1991/92. In addition to faculty employment-equity hiring plans, several other initiatives designed to attract and retain qualified faculty women are underway. The
Director of Employment Equity, and the
President's Advisor on Women and Gender Relations are working with representatives from the Academic Women's Association and the Status of Women Committee of the Faculty Association to improve
the UBC work environment for women.
Examples of current projects are a study to
investigate potential barriers to women faculty's progress through academic ranks, a
campus-wide committee for women's
safety, and on-going efforts to raise awareness concerning the effects of obsolete
stereotyping on the professional climate.
The second recommendation set
specific numerical goals to correct UBC's
shortfall from qualified external labour
pools. To compare UBC's workforce
profile with the 1986 Canadian labour
force, all faculty and staff positions at
UBC were categorized into Abella categories (See Table 2). The 12 Abella
categories were derived from Employment and Immigration Canada's Standard Occupational Coding, which classifies jobs according to a variety of criteria,
such as responsibilities, education, training, and experience.
Limits of the Analysis
As the overall response rate to
UBC's employment equity census remains
less than 100%, the Employee Database,
which reports the number of women employed in various capacities, was used to
examine the situation of women within the
University. For the other designated
groups—aboriginals, visible minorities, and
persons with disabilities—the University
had not previously collected data; therefore, the census data on these three groups UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
Page 6	
Table 2
Listed below are the Abella categories defined by the Federal Contractors Program and
examples of UBC positions that fall within each category:
Upper Level Managers
President, Vice-President
Middle and other Managers
Associate Vice-President, Dean, Head,
Director, Admin. Asst., Admin.
Supervisor, Personnel Officer, Coordinator,
Asst. Registrar, Food Service Manager
Accountant, Genetic Assist., Research
Engineer, Programmer/Analyst, Social
Science Researcher, General Librarian,
Professor, Assoc. Professor, Assist.
Professor, Instructor, Lecturer, Research
Associate, Physician, Research Nurse,
Semi-Professionals & Technicians
Research Assist., Research Assist.
Technician, Engineering Technician, Lab.
Asst., Dental Assist., Medical Artist,
Editor, Information Officer, Coach
Secretary 5, Word Processing Coordinator,
Administrative Clerk, Section Head,
Residence Life Coordinator, Executive
Chef, Head Hostess
Assist. Head Service Worker, Head & Sub-
Head Gardener, Head & Sub-Head
Electrician, Head & Sub-Head Carpenter,
Area Supervisor, Custodial Supervisor
Clerical Workers
Secretary 1, 2, 3 & 4, Clinical Secretary 1
& 2, Clerk Typist, Data Entry Operator,
Computer Operator, Library Assist. 1, 2, 3,
4 & 5, Communications Operator, Clerk 1,
2 & 3, Clinical Office Assist. 1, 2 & 3,
General Clerk, Program Assist.
Sales Workers
Sales Clerk, Bookstore Assist., Sr.
Bookstore Assist., Computer Sales Assist.
Service Workers
Patrolperson, Cook, Assist. Cook, Kitchen
Help, Bartender, Waiter/Waitress, General
Worker (Heavy & Light), Sales Attendant,
Residence Attendant, Kiosk Attendant
_    10
Skilled Crafts & Trades
Sheet Metal Worker, Electrician, Carpenter,
Plumber, Steamfitter, Maintenance Engineer
1 & 2, Locksmith
Semi-Skilled Manual Workers
Truck Driver, Apprentice, Clerk Driver,
Farm Worker 2 & 3, Milker
Other Manual Workers
Service Worker 1 & 2, Sr. Service Worker,
Gardener, Service Worker-Ice Maker,
Painter, Labourer
were drawn solely from the employment
equity census. The lack of a 100% response to the employment equity census,
although not relevant to the analysis of the
profile of women in UBC's workforce, does
limit the analysis of the other three designated groups. Thus, decreases in representation of minority designated-group
members may reflect both decreases in
hirings over time as well as decreases in
response rates to the census. There may
always be members of the three designated groups—aboriginal people, visible
minorities, and persons with disabilities—
who choose not to complete the employment equity census, and thus, the data
may always underrepresent members of
these groups.
Another consideration in analyzing
the employment-equity census data concerns the fluidity of UBC's workforce.
The initial census data was frozen for
analysis in May 1990, but because UBC's
faculty increases in size from September
through May whereas the non-academic
staff size fluctuates in a different seasonal pattern, we have chosen to compare subsequent snapshots at the same
point in the calendar year—December.
Thus, for this analysis, we compare three
points in time: May 1990, December
1990, and December 1991. Snapshot
data also limits the analysis because,
though it is possible to calculate increases
and decreases in the size of an employee
group, it is not possible to differentiate
hirings and terminations from promotions.
Therefore, even if the proportion of staff
who self-identified as minority group
members remained the same from one
snapshot to another, until we analyze
flow data, we do not know how many
individuals may have been hired, left, or
promoted during that period.
Tabto 3 - Dt-slgnc-fed Group* ki UBC» Worktorcsi
Atwta Category
01  Upper Level Managers
02 MHoteSiOlher Managers
03 ProresKonob
04 SerrrH*roresslonots ^Technicians
05 St-pervkors
06 Foremen/women
07 Clerical Workers
OS  Sates Worker!
09 Service Workers
10 Sued Crofts and Trades
11 Seml-Skled Manual Workers
12 Oltw Manual Workers
Taosed on census response.
Designated Group
Employees by
Abella Group
Table 3 compares the percentage
of designated-group employees in each
Abella group for May 1990, December
1990, and December 1991. Overall, the
data suggestthat between December 1990
and December 1991, the percentage of
women and visible minority employees increased. Women's participation in the
UBC workforce increased from 49.1% in
December 1990 to 49.7% in December
1991; visible minority employees who responded to the census increased from
19.2% in December 1990 to 19.9% in December 1991. These increases over a
one-year period are especially encouraging when compared with the May 1990
data where women represented 48.2%
and visible minorities 18.2% of UBC employee faculty and staff. The data suggest
a steady increase in the percentage of
women employees at UBC: 1.5 percentage points in less than two years; and
similarly, a steady increase in the percentage of visible minority employees: 1.7 percentage points in less than two years.
Unfortunately, the data do not reveal such an encouraging picture for the
other designated groups: the percentage
of aboriginal and disabled respondents to
the employment equity census decreased
between December 1990 and 1991. In
December 1990 aboriginal census respondents made up 1.5% of the total" respondents at UBC, compared with 1.3% in
December 1991. In May 1990, aboriginal
respondents also had comprised 1.5% of
the overall respondent employee base.
Similarly, the percentage of employees
who self-identified in the census as disabled decreased between December 1990
and 1991 from 3.9% to 3.8%.
Designated Group
Employees and
Recent Hirings
For this analysis, we refer to all
employees who were present in the December 1991 snapshot but not in the December 1990 snapshot as "new hires."
Table 4 compares the percentage of designated-group members employed in December 1991 with their representation
among the group of faculty and staff newly
hired since December 1990. Table 5 shows
the number of employees who were present
in the December 1991 snapshot but not
present in the snapshot one year earlier.
Women. December 1990-1991
The percentage of women employees increased in seven Abella groups with
the largest increases in Service Workers
(54.8% to 58.0%) and Semi-Skilled Manual
Workers (11.9% to 14.9%) (See Table 3).
In the Abella groups where women's participation increased over the course of the
year, the percentage of women among
new hires exceeded the percentage of
women one year earlier (See Table 4). For
example, in Semi-Skilled Manual Workers,
the percentage of newly-hired women
(27.3%) was much higher than the percentage of women in that Abella group in
December 1991 (14.9%). These data suggest a general shift toward increased representation of women in a majority of Abella
categories. Overall, women represented
49.7% of UBC employees in December
1991 and 60.3% of faculty and staff hired
since December 1990 (See Table 4).
On the other hand, the percentage
of women employees fell in four Abella
groups, and in three groups—Upper Level
Managers, Foremen/women, and Skilled
Crafts & Trades—there were no women
among employees newly hired, although
UBC had set goals to hire women in these
three groups. These three Abella groups
had the lowest percentage of women in
December 1991: 0.0%, 4.2%, and 2.8%
respectively. The drop in the percentage of
women in Foremen/women (4.9% to 4.2%)
is particularly noteworthy: hiring was done
in the Abella group Foremen/womerr, but
none of these new hires were women (See
Table 5). Similarly, there were seven new
hires in the Abella group Skilled Crafts &
Trades; again, the hiring appears to have
been of men, not women.
Aboriginal People-
December 1990-1991
The data in Table 3 show an overall
decrease in the percentage of employees
who self-identified as aboriginal people.
Furthermore, the data in Table 4 reveal
that aboriginal respondents represented
1.3% of UBC faculty and staff in December
1991, but only 1.0% of new hires. Yet,
there were three Abelia groups where the
representation of aboriginals responding
to the census increased or remained static.
The most significant increase occurred in
Supervisors (0.8% to 1.6%). Although this UNIVERSITY     OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 7
Table 4 - Designated Groups, December 199), Compared with New Hires (Dec. '90 - '91)
Abella Category
New Hires
New Hires
New Hires
New Hires
01   Upper Level Managers
02' Mdeflefk Other Managers
03 Professionals
04 Semi-Professionals & Tech.
05  Supervisors
06 Foremen/women
07 Clerical Workers
0B Sales Workers
09 Service Workers
10 Skied Crafts and Trades
11  Semi-Skied Manual Workers
12 Other Manual Workers
* Cctoulated by dvfdng Ihe number of women new r*es(miTiber of wor^^ who were not present m Dec. VO)
by the totol number of new hires
•* Cctfaiated by dMdng the number of deslo/wtecHyoup respaKferite
Table S - Designated Group. New Hires
(Employees present In December 1991 who were not present in December 1990)
AbeHa Category
Actual New Hires Data
New Hire
New Hire
New Hire
01   Upper Level Managers
02 Mfddle & Other Managers
03 Professionals
04 SemhProfesslooals & Tech.
05 Supervisors
06 Frxemen/women
07 Clerical Workers
06 Sales Workers
09 Service Workers
10 Skied Cram and Trades
11 Seml-SkBed Manual Workers
12 Other Manual Workers
percentage increase doubled in one year,
it is important to compare this increase with
the Table 5 data on new hirings during the
same year. Only four people were hired
into the Supervisors group; thus, the increase in aboriginal people probably was
produced by the hiring of one person who
self-identified as aboriginal. The other
Abella group showing an increase in aboriginal respondents was Other Manual
Workers (1.4% to 1.5%); however, this
increase compares poorly with the May
1990 figure of 1.6%. Thus, what appears
to be a small increase during the year also
reveals an overall decrease from the initial
employment equity census.
In four Abella groups, the number of
employees who self-identified as aboriginal people declined, and relative to the
May 1990 data, this decline was steady
and consistent in Service Workers and
Clerical Workers. In both Semi-Professionals & Technicians and Middle & Other
Managers, the decrease was reduced relative to the May 1990 data. For example, in
May 1990, aboriginals responding to the
census comprised 0.5% of Semi-Professionals & Technicians; in December 1990,
the percentage rose to 0.9%; but by December 1991, the percentage of aboriginal
respondents returned to 0.5%.
There continued to be no representation of aboriginal people in five Abella
categories: Upper Level Managers, Foremen/women, Sales Workers, Skilled Crafts
& Trades, Semi-Skilled Manual Workers.
Relative to larger Abella groups, these five
have fewer jobs available, and thus it would
take longer to increase the representation
of designated-group members in them.
Nonetheless, Table 5 shows that there had
been some hiring in each of these five
Abella groups.
Visible Minorities.
December 1990-1991
Table 3 shows that the percentage
of employees who self-identified as visible
minorities increased moderately in eight
Abella categories, remained the same in
two Abella groups, and decreased in two
groups. The variance in the size of increase among groups ranged from a high
of2.6%in Skilled Crafts & Trades\oa0.3%
increase in Supervisors. In several Abella
groups—Skilled Crafts & Trades, Foremen/women, and Clerical Workers—there
has been a steady increase in the proportion of employees identifying as visible
minorities since May 1990.
Interestingly, the two groups with
the largest increase in visible minority respondents—Skilled Crafts & Trades and
Foremen/women—showed the largest decrease in the percentage of women employees. These two male-dominated Abella
groups appear to be increasing their ranks
by hiring visible-minority men, rather than
Decreases in the percentage of visible minority respondents to the census
occurred in only two Abella groups: Sales
Workers (30.6% to 25.9%) and Service
Workers (33.8% to 33.6%). The decrease
in Service Workers was small relative to
the large proportion of visible minorities in
the group, but the dip in respondents in
Sales Workerswas large, particularly when
we compare the proportion of visible minorities in the May 1990 data (32.9%) to
their representation in December 1991
(25.9%). Although the decrease in visible
minorities among Service Workers was
small over one year, Table 4 shows the
discrepancy between the representation
of visible minoritiesamong census respondents who were newly hired and their levels
in December 1991 was large: 17.3% among
new hires compared with 33.6% in December 1991.
Although there were three Abella
groups with no visible minority respondents among the newly hired, overall the
percentage of newly-hired visible minority
respondents (23.7%) exceeded the percentage of visible minority respondents in
December 1991 (19.9%). This increase is
particularly dramatic among Professionals
and Other Manual Workers responding to
the census. In December 1991,13.9% of
respondents among Professionals identified as visible minorities and 28.1% of
Other Manual Workers. Among the newly-
hired respondents to the census, visible
minorities were 20.9% of Professionals
and 57.2% of Other Manual Workers.
Moreover, the data for Middle & Other
Managers is particularly positive for visible
minorities. In December 1991, this Abella
group had the lowest percentage of visible
minority employees responding to the census (5.8%), whereas 10.3% of the newly-
hired Middle & Other Managers self-identified as visible minorities.
Persons with Disabilities.
December 1990-1991
Overall, the data in Table 3 show a
decrease in the percentage of UBC employees who self-identified as disabled
(3.9% to 3.8%). As well, the data in Table
4 reveal that persons with disabilities
represent only 2.5% of newly-hired faculty and staff since December 1990.
There were increases in some Abella
groups—Middle & Other Managers (3.8%
Table 6
Employment Equity Hiring Goals
% change in
total employees
May 1991 Goal                    May '90 - Dec. '91
Adjusted Goal *
Net difference
in workforce
May '90-Dec.'91
Upper Level Managers
1 woman
1 woman
Professionals (Non-faculty)
39 women
2 aboriginal people
47 women
2 aboriginal people
168 women
4 aboriginal people
2 persons with disabilities
3 pers. with disabilities
2 pers. with disabls.
3 women
3 members of visible minorities
1 person with disability
3 women
3 members of v.m.
1 person with disability
(1) woman
2 members of v.m.
Sales Workers
1 aboriginal person
3 persons with disabilities
1 aboriginal person
3 pers. with disabilities
Service Workers
8 persons with disabilities
10 pers. with disabilities
Skilled Craft & Trades
3 women
2 aboriginal people
3 women
2 aboriginal people
Semi-Skilled Manual Workers
1 woman
1 aboriginal person
2 members of visible minorities
1 person with disability
1 woman
1 abor. person
2 members of v.m.
1 person with disability
2 women
1 member of v.m.
Other Manual Workers
5 aboriginal people
5 aboriginal people
* May 1991 hiring goals adjusted to account for change in
workforce between May 1990 and December 1991.
to 4.5%), Semi-Skilled Manual Workers
(5.6% to 6.3%) and Skilled Crafts & Trades
(9.7% to 10.4%)—however, noneofthese
increases were steady climbs relative to
the May 1990 data. For example, in May
1990, disabled respondents comprised
4.5% of Middle & Other Managers; that
percentage dipped to 3.8% in December
1990, but returned to 4.5% in December
1991. Similarly, in Semi-Skilled Manual
Workers, the May 1990 data (6.3%) belies the apparent increase in the data as
of December 1991 (6.3%).   There is a
positive development among newly-hired
employees in Middle & Other Managers
where newly-hired disabled respondents
(December 1990-1991) were twice their
representation in December 1991 —
10.3% and 4.5% respectively.
Unfortunately, the data for other
Abella groups is not encouraging. In four
Abella categories, the percentage of disabled respondents decreased, and in three
of these four groups, the December 1991
figure was lower than the May 1990 figure. Thus, there appears to be a consist- UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 8
ent decrease of disabled respondents to
the census in Professionals (3.6% to
3.0%), Supervisors (5.6% to 5.4%), Fore-
men/n/omen(3.2%to2.9%), and Service
Workers (6.6% to 5.6%). Although the
new hires data in Table 5 reveal that new
employees were hired into these four
Abella groups, it appears that the percentage of newly-hired employees with
disabilities was not sufficient to maintain
the previous level of participation by
employees with disabilities. Similarly, in
two Abella categories—Clerical Workers
and Other Manual Workers—the percentage of disabled respondents remained
the same, but the percentages in these
two groups declined relative to the May
1990 data. In eight of the Abella groups,
there were no disabled respondents
among newly-hired employees.
There are several possible explanations for the decrease of persons with
disabilities among census respondents
other than the obvious and simple one:
UBC is not hiring qualified persons with
disabilities. It is also possible that because
disability is confounded with age, new hires
may be on average younger, and thereby
perceive themselves to be able-bodied,
relative to the faculty and staff in the initial
census, who represented twenty past years
of hirings. In addition, individuals with a
disability may have been more likely to self-
identify in the initial census because they
were already established in UBC's
workforce, whereas persons newly appointed may be reluctant to acknowledge
their limitations. And finally, in light of the
promotion of employment equity programs
and improvements in technical aids, individuals may be less likely to view themselves as limited in the kind or amount of
work they can do than they were in the
past. Certainly, as UBC becomes accessible to persons with disabilities, there should
be an increasing emphasis on ability rather
than disability. (The Bank of Nova Scotia
and the Toronto Dominion Bank have
launched a legal challenge to the description of the term "persons with disabilities"
as defined in the federal Employment Equity Act. The banks argue that persons
with disabilities who are appropriately employed and effectively accommodated are
less likely to identify themselves as disadvantaged in employment.)
Hiring Goals
In May 1991, UBC set employment-
equity hiring goals that would assist in
building a workforce representative of the
pool of potential candidates with appropriate qualifications, including women, aboriginal people, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities. Table 6 compares
both UBC's original and adjusted goals for
hiring designated-group members with the
net increase of designated-group members in UBC's workforce during the period
May 1990 to December 1991. An adjustment of the original hiring goals was necessary because these goals were set from
snapshot data frozen in May 1990; and
since that time, the UBC workforce has
fluctuated in size. Table 6 shows the
original hiring goals adjusted for increases
and decreases in each Abella group since
May 1990. For example, the original hiring
goal for women in Professionals was 39,
but since the total number of employees in
that Abella group increased 20.7% between May 1990 and December 1991, the
adjusted goal for hiring women in Professionals is 47.
UBC met or exceeded its hiring
goals for women and aboriginal people in
Professionals, and women in Semi-Skilled
Manual Workers. Thus, UBC achieved its
hiring goals in only three out of seventeen
specific goals despite the fact that in many
of the areas where hiring goals had been
set, the University did hire.
The final recommendation of the
May 1991 Report was to review employment-equity hiring goals annually. UBC
did achieve its goal to hire women to fill at
least 35% of vacant tenure-track faculty
positions, but the University did not achieve
the majority of its goals to hire women and
minorities into non-academic positions.
There are three factors that may
explain why UBC has not achieved its 1991
hiring goals. First, despite UBC's 1990
review of its employment systems (UBC
Reports, November 29,1990), the University's employment practices still may disadvantage members of the designated
groups. Second, although UBC has made
changes to its employment systems, the
seven-month period between setting the
goals in May 1991 and the latest snapshot,
December 1991, may not have been long
enough for the University to meet all of the
1991 hiring goals. Third, given the low
response rate (44%) to the employment
equity census from newly-hired employees, Table 6, no doubt, underrepresents
the actual number of hires since December
1990. If we assume an equal proportion of
designated-group members among those
who did not respond to the census, the
estimate of designated-group members
hired recently may be over twice as large
as the figures given for census respondents.
Nonetheless, the 1991 hiring goals
reflected Statistics Canada data on the
1986 labour force. Already out-of-date in
1991, these data will be revised soon. No
doubt, future Canada census data will require additional hiring goals if UBC's
workforce is to become representative of
the pool of potential candidates with appropriate qualifications, including women and
minorities. Thus, at a minimum, the University must continue to add qualified individuals to its faculty and staff in accordance
with the employment-equity hiring goals
set in May 1991.
Future Directions
in UBC's
Equity Program
The analysis of UBC's progress toward its 1991 hiring goals suggests that the
University confronts different challenges
for women and visible minorities than for
aboriginal people and persons with disabilities.
The data for aboriginal people and persons
with disabilities indicate that these designated groups are underrepresented in the
UBC workforce, and to date, UBC has
been unsuccessful in achieving its hiring
goals for these designated groups. Furthermore, there is evidence of decreasing
populations of employees who self-identify
as aboriginal people and persons with disabilities. Taken together, the results of the
analysis suggest that special employment-
equity measures must be directed to these
two designated groups if UBC is to meet its
employment-equity hiring goals. Future
employment equity strategies for aboriginal people and persons with disabilities
must focus on active recruitment measures and the creation of a supportive work
environment for members of these two
On the other hand, the analysis
suggests that women and visible minorities are employed at UBC in increasingly
large numbers, but despite such increases, UBC still is not meeting its hiring
goals set in 1991. Therefore, employment equity efforts must be directed not
only to attracting qualified women and
visible minority faculty and staff, but also
to promoting well-qualified members of
these designated groups into high-level
positions. Forthese two groups—women
and visible minorities—employment equity strategies must focus on career development and advancement. With reference to all four designated groups, the
following is clear: if UBC is to make
progress toward its employment-equity
hiring goals, the University must provide
faculty and staff involved in personnel
decisions with training in human rights
practice as well as gender, cultural and
disability issues.
The 1991 employment-equity hiring goals were included in UBC's Employment Equity Plan (UBC Reports, November 14, 1991), which was developed to
facilitate the achievement of fair and equitable employment opportunities and working conditions for all faculty and staff. In
addition to numerical hiring goals, the Plan
described forty steps designed to support
the successful integration of designated-
groups members into the UBC work environment. These steps include outreach
recruitment, information and awareness
training sessionsfor supervisory and managerial staff, and provision of career development opportunities.
Future directions for UBC's employment equity program have been identified and approved in UBC's Employment Equity Plan. The analysis of the
University's progress to-date towards
meeting its hiring goals affirms the necessity for strong, continuing efforts to
implement all steps in the Plan, including
active measures to increase the number
of qualified designated-group members—
particularly aboriginal people and persons with disabilities—in candidate pools,
and to maintain working conditions that
support the successful integration of designated-group members at all levels
throughout the University.
Lionel Anker
Caroline Bruce
Manager/Supervisory Technician
Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Frank Eastham
Associate Vice-President, Human Resources
Jas Gill
CUPE 2278
Samuel P.S. Ho
Professor, Economics
George Hoberg
Assistant Professor, Political Science
Sharon E. Kahn
Director, Employment Equity
Verna Kirkness
Director, First Nations House of Learning
A.J. McClean (Chair)
Associate Vice-President, Academic
George McLaughlin
CUPE 116
Wendy Merlo
Assistant Treasurer, Financial Services
Judith H. Myers
Associate Dean for the Promotion of Women,
in Science
Mary Russell
Faculty Association
C. Lynn Smith
Dean, Law
Judith C. Thiele
Reference and Collection Librarian
Charles Crane Memorial Library
William A. Webber
Associate Vice-President, Faculty Relations UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
Page 9
Prepared for
Dr. Bernard S. Sheehan,
Associate Vice President, Information & Computing Systems
Prepared by
CABC Committee for the Instructional
Use of Information Technology
Dr. Tony Kozak (chair), Faculty of
Dr. Douglas Beder, Physics Department, Faculty of Science
Dr. James Caswell, Department of
Fine Arts, Faculty of Arts
Dr. Christopher Clark, Clinical Dental
Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry
Dr. Peter Gouzouasis, Department of
Visual and Performing Arts, Faculty of Education
Dr. Siegfried Stiemer, Civil Engineering, Faculty of Applied Science
Martha Whitehead, Sedgewick
Library, University Library
Carol J Bird (secretary), Academic
Services, University Computing
January 30, 1992
Summary of
The following are the recommendations of the committee, based on the
results of the survey that was circulated.
Inform Faculty about
the Technology
It is recommended that faculty be made
more aware of the possibilities of the
technology through such units as University Computing Services, the Library,
the Faculty Development Office and
Education Computing Services through
specialized seminars at the departmental or faculty level, department/faculty
visits, and resource collections. These
units should be appropriately mandated
and well supported.
Faculty Reward
It is recommended that the Senior Appointments Committee of UBC be asked
to study the issue of how to reward
achievement or innovation in teaching
and to report their solution to the departments. Faculty overwhelmingly concur that educational software develop-
From: Bernard S. Sheehan
Associate Vice-President
Information & Computing Systems
Re: Instructional Use of Information Technology
The attached report was prepared by the Committee for Instructional Use of
Information Technology and was received by the Campus Advisory Board on
Computing (CABC).
This CABC Committee set about to collect and document current practice and
future plans for the use of information technology in learning and teaching at UBC.
The questionnaire to some 121 department heads and others was returned at the very
high response rate of 77%, lending considerable value to the report and underscoring
campus interest in this topic. Besides presenting and analyzing the survey results, the
report briefly describes these technologies.
The Instructional Use of Information Technology Committee recommends that
efforts be made to inform the campus ofthe potential of these technologies; that current
practices of reward for achievement and innovation in teaching be reviewed; that
funding for instructional technology be made available, particularly to departments;
and that the physical state of UBC classroom space be improved. The Committee notes
that efforts should be focused at the local departmental level.
If you have comments or additional information that would be useful to the work
of the Committee, please forward them to Carol Bird, Committee Secretary, or to
ment and technical innovation should*
be among the factors considered for
tenure and promotion.
It is recommended that funding at the
departmental level be made available
by the President's Office for instructional technology to be used for course
development, equipment for faculty
members, classrooms and laboratories. Also, funding is needed for purchasing software and hiring technical
support staff.
UBC Classrooms
It is recommended that the University
Administration investigate and find an
immediate solution to the problem of
the deplorable state of UBC's classrooms.
Some faculty members have used
computers as part of their instructional role for two decades or longer.
So what is different about information technology? Information technology has arisen as a separate
technology through the convergence
of computing, telecommunications
and video techniques.   Computing
provides the capacity of storing and
processing information, telecommunications the vehicle for communicating it, and video provides high
quality display of images. The linking of video disk, sound, projection
systems, microcomputers and high
speed networks provides the potential for dynamic changes in classroom and individual instruction—a
new vehicle for the instructor and
the students in their "adventure of
the spirit and the mind."
There is a great deal of activity in
this area at many North American
educational institutions. Beginning
in 1987, EDUCOM1 and NCRIPTAL2
have sponsored a Higher Education
Software Awards competition, the
purpose of which is to improve the
quality and indirectly the quantity of
educational software, and promote
the effective use of computer technology in higher education. During
that time they have rewarded over a
hundred winning software programs
and innovative uses of the computer from a field of more than 1000
entrants. At the 1990 EDUCOM
conference, Dr. Joe Wyatt, Chancellor of Vanderbilt University, challenged the member universities and
colleges to identify 100 examples in
higher education of how teaching
and learning have been enhanced
though the use of information technology. Atthe 1991 EDUCOM conference, Dr. Wyatt presented 101
success stories.
When Dr. Wyatt's challenge arrived at
UBC early in 1991, it was discovered
that there was a lack of information
about the current practice at UBC. To
address this issue, Dr. Bernie Sheehan,
Associate Vice President, Information
and Computing Systems, established
a committee of the CABC chaired by
Dr. Tony Kozak, Associate Dean of
Forestry, for which one of the terms of
reference was to collect and document
current practice and future plans for the
use of information technology in learning and teaching at UBC. The other
members of the committee are
Christopher Clark, Clinical Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry; Douglas
Beder, Physics Department, Faculty of
Science; James Caswell, Department
of Fine Arts, Faculty of Arts; Siegfried
Stiemer, Civil Engineering, Faculty of
Applied Science; Martha Whitehead,
Sedgewick Library, University Library;
Peter Gouzouasis, Department of Visual
and Performing Arts in Education, Faculty of Education; Carol Bird (secretary), University Computing Services.
The main activity of the committee has
been to gather this information using a
questionnaire. This report presents the
analysis of the responses to the questionnaire and makes some recommendations resulting from this analysis.
In the summer of 1991, a questionnaire
was sent to the heads of all academic
departments and schools and to some
service unit directors who are associated with instruction. The questionnaire was designed to capture information about the level of knowledge, current use and interest in the more popular information technologies. The committee was interested in how the technology was being used for instruction in
both the classroom setting and in the
individual or group learning setting.
Equipment is of limited use without
effective software. The committee
wanted to identify the source of the
software used: was it developed at
UBC, acquired from another university,
or purchased from a vendor? If it was
developed locally, we wanted to know
what software packages, commonly referred to as authoring tools, were used
for the development of course material,
also referred to as courseware . The
respondents were asked for comments
on funding sources, current and future
plans, as well as for general comments.
Each department was asked to identify
faculty members who are actively using or interested in using information
technology for instruction. Lastly, they
were asked to indicate the usefulness
of a number of support resources if
these were supplied locaHy or centrally. UNIVERSITY     OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
Page 10
The responses to the questionnaire
identified a general lack of basic understanding of the technology. This section gives a brief description of the
technology referenced in the questionnaire, both hardware and software.
Video Disk
Video disks, compared to other visual
media, are more durable, interactive
and easier to use. A video disk can
store 30 minutes of fully random accessible motion images or 54,000 still images. Video disks can be used independent of a microcomputer by using
bar codes or a remote control unit.
However, they are most effective when
used in concert with the microcomputer. There is a wide range of information available on this media. Also the
cost of producing your own disk has
declined significantly over the past two
years. Titles from one catalogue include: Encyclopedia of Animals, Physics and Automobile Collisions, National
Art Gallery, Joseph Campbell and the
Power of Myth, The Bachdisc, 20 disks
from the PBS Nova Series, and 40
disks from the National Geographic
Documentaries. In addition, this catalogue advertises availability of new and
vintage films using the media in a format which doesn't support random access. The disks range in price from $30
to $100 US.
Automated Video
Video cassette readers and slide projectors can be controlled by a personal
computer. Interesting presentations
can be assembled using multiple slide
projectors, images that fade in and out,
and slides or film clips cued by the
textual presentation. A minimum of
human intervention is required at the
time the information is presented.
CD-ROM is short for com pact disk readonly memory. The media is capable of
storing large quantities of data, in some
cases the equivalent of approximately
250,000 pages of text on standard
sheets of paper. The disk reader can
be interfaced with a personal computer, thus allowing for fast access to the
data and processing of the retrieved
data. Audio and graphics can also be
stored on the disks. This media is used
for such applications as encyclopaedias, dictionaries, thesauri, catalogues,
medical and legal information, and bibliographies. Some instructional software is distributed using this medium,
particularly when it uses large
databases of information.
As an example of the dynamics of this
media, six weeks after the gulf war
Warner New Media and TIME magazine released Desert Storm: The War
in the Persian Gulf, their first multimedia magazine on CD-ROM. The disk
consists of original dispatches from
TIME correspondents, pool reports,
audio recordings, and more than 300
photographs, indexed for direct access.
Using this disk and the appropriate
hardware and courseware, a journalism student can follow the development of a story from the reporter in the
field to the final article in the magazine.
Alternatively a historian can use this
information during a lecture or seminar
discussion, as part of an independent
guided study program, and as another
source of information in their research.
The most interesting aspects of this
example are the variety of sources of
information, the ease of access for
analysis, and the speed at which this
volume of information was made available. History takes on a new meaning.
Overhead Projector
Overhead projectors can be used in
conjunction with a microcomputer to
project the information displayed on
the microcomputer monitor onto a
screen. An LCD projection panel is
connected to the microcomputer and
sits on top of an ordinary overhead
projector. The projection panels range
from monochrome to thousands of colours. Some are capable of projecting a
moving image.
Using this technology, the instructor
can prepare the entire lecture on the
microcomputer using a word processing package in conjunction with presentation or authoring software. In
addition, the instructor can teach complex concepts or solve complicated
problems during the lecture using the
power of the microcomputer. For example, the concept of integration is
very difficult to teach freshmen. With
the aid of a computer the instructor can
explore the various approximation techniques, such as Simpson's and the
trapezoidal rules, and prompt the student to discover the best approximation and the concept of truncation errors. The concepts studied in complex
analysis courses are difficult to visualize because the graphs of complex
functions are difficult to draw. An instructor at the University of Wisconsin
has developed a computer graphics
package which uses colour to display
the values of a complex function. With
this tool, the Fundamental Theorem of
Algebra or Weierstrass' Theorem of
Singularities can be strikingly illustrated.
The computer takes the drudgery out of
lengthy calculations and thus allows
the instructor to demonstrate concepts
using real world problems. This gives
the lecture added relevance.
Video Projection
For larger classrooms, a three beam
colour projection system is required
to make full utilization of the above
technologies. It interfaces directly
with video disk and CD-ROM players and with microcomputer equipment. Although this system is expensive, the other alternatives have
serious drawbacks, such as small
images, poor colour reproduction,
ghosting of moving images or incompatibility with high resolution
Authoring Software
There are a number of programs on the
market which allow you to produce the
visual aids for a presentation or lecture
using a microcomputer. This software
is referred to as presentation software.
Typically these products include such
features as outlining, drawing charts
and graphics, automatic production of
slides or overheads with a consistent
design and format, layering within a
slide to emphasize a point. Usually the
programs work in conjunction with your
favourite word processing or
spreadsheet packages so that tables,
text, and graphs can be moved from
other documents, notes, or programs
to the presentation. Finally, the product can be used on a microcomputer in
the classroom to present the lecture, or
to produce overhead transparencies or
35mm slides.
Authoring tools have a much higher
level of sophistication. These software
products allow the instructor to develop
courseware for individual or group learning situations as well as classroom
presentations. They provide an easy-
to-use interface with the material on
multimedia hardware such as that described above. They provide the ability
to prompt the student for correct answers, to track student progress, to link
information from various mediator easy
exploration by the student. Using the
appropriate hardware, the instructor can
include such material as film clips, digitized sound either produced by the instructor or obtained by any other source,
motion sequences produced by
graphing packages, and scanned material. For example, an instructor preparing a session on the Cuban missile
crisis could use material such as sequences of John F. Kennedy's
speeches from a video disk, a map of
the USA and Cuba from a geographic
software package, text from a CD-ROM
encyclopedia, rock and roll music from
LP recordings, and articles scanned
from various newspapers that covered
the crisis. Using authoring tools these
items can be combined in any sequence
with textual material produced by the
instructor and/or with narrative comments in the instructor's voice. This
provides for professional and stimulating course material. The student can
get a real appreciation of the times in
which the event occurred.
Analysis of the
The most significant impression one
receives from the responses to the
questionniare is the degree of interest
in the topic—the overall response rate
of 93 out of 121, 77%, is remarkably
high for a questionnaire.
There were several questions wherein
comparisons of the various information
technologies may be made. These
questions asked for current knowledge
of, current use of, and future plans for
(interest in) the various hardware technologies as they apply in classroom
presentation and in individual or group
learning settings. At the low end is the
video disk—there is a general lack of
knowledge and use of this technology,
but there is a high degree of interest in
learning more about it. In the intermediate range is automated videotape/
slides, and CD-ROM; there is more use
made of automated videotape/slides in
the presentation setting (32% of respondents make at least some use).
The clear leaders are microcomputer/
overhead projectors and video projection systems in the presentation settings, and especially microcomputers
in the individual or group learning setting. The general impression is that
most departments see these as the
most likely routes for them, although
this is affected, for some departments,
by the lack of current availability of
useful material for other media.
A number of respondents indicated they
did not know precisely what was meant
by the labels attached to the various
information technologies in the questionnaire. It seems that there would be
some advantage in demonstrating these
technologies: if faculty knew they had
some access to the equipment, and if
they had some familiarity with its capabilities, then they would be more alert to
the possibilities of obtaining useful
material from colleagues at conferences
and meetings. UBC has not obtained
as much material from other universities as might be expected.
Microcomputers Used
The majority of departments are using
IBM PCs or compatibles with 65% stating them as a preference. 13% prefer
Macintoshes and 22% use both platforms.
Sources of
Instructional Material/
A question on source of materials yields
some interesting results. Respondents
were asked where they obtained materials and 35% were locally developed,
7% came from other universities, and
19% were purchased from vendors. It
is likely that in some cases the vendors
were in fact other universities.
This indicates a willingness of some of
our faculty to devote significant portions of their time to improving their
classroom presentations; this is in spite
of the fact, made clear in numerous
comments on the questionnaire, that
the university places little or no emphasis on teaching skills when it comes to
career advancement, or in funding allocations.
Some written comments also make
clear that faculty are willing (in spite
of the previous comment), to devote
some effort to using these new technologies, but are deterred by two
factors: if they are starting from a
state of near ignorance, they perceive the amount of technical literature that might be relevant to be
daunting, and they would like some
guidance on how to begin and what
is really relevant; secondly, they are
not really familiar with the possibilities. This again reinforces the view UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
           Page 11
that some demonstration facilities
and initial guidance would be useful.
Presentation and
Authoring Tools
The questions on knowledge of, use of
and future interest in tools—such as
authoring tools, and presentation graphics tools—show, as one might expect,
a lot more familiarity with presentation
graphics. Again, as with the video disk,
there is a lot of interest in the authoring
tools, which is interpreted as a desire to
know more about them since they might
be of use, rather than a commitment to
actually using them.
Support Resources,
Local and Central
The final question asks whether use
would be made of central or local
support facilities. Departments were
asked to respond to the following
support resources: fully equipped
microcomputer laboratory facilities,
support centre with demo equipment
and software, workshops and seminars, library of printed information,
development assistance, knowledgeable consultants, and fully
equipped classrooms. The main
feature of these responses is what
one would expect: if departments
had the local facilities, they would
use them, and they would use them
more than central facilities. The
level of "no use" responses was very
low for all central or local facilities
(with two exceptions discussed
later). There were some differences
in the perceived usefulness of the
various facilities, but the real exceptions were microcomputer
laboratories and fully-equipped
classrooms: here departments answered more strongly that they
would make frequent use of local
facilities, and this was the only area
where significant numbers responded that they would make no
use of central facilities (39% and
Analysis of the
There were 38 responses to the request for funding information. Fifteen departments commented that
there was little or no funding, and
that any work done in this area was
solely the result of the initiative of
individual faculty members; ten departments provided support from departmental funds; five departments
indicated grants as the source of
funding, sometimes supplemented
by departmental funds (the source
of these grants was not specified,
except in one case where a faculty
research grant was cited). In the
case of the remaining eight departments, four specified outside agen
cies (including VGH as one of these),
two specified higher UBC administration sources, and two a combination of these.
Current Plans
About half of the responding departments (28/52) indicated either no plans,
or minor plans, often of an ad hoc
nature. A third of these departments
cited reasons for this lack of plans—the
three basic reasons cited were lack of
knowledge, lack of commitment by faculty, and lack of financial and other
resources. The last was the most commonly cited (over half). The lack of
commitment was attributed to two factors: first, there is a certain amount of
inertia, with some faculty "tied to 'lecturing;'" and second, there is a reluctance of some faculty to devote time to
"projects not recognized for tenure and
promotion," particularly young tenure
track faculty members.
The other .24 departments had more
concrete plans: several of these were
contingent upon funding, some departments are in the process of purchasing
General Comments
Many departments took the time to
make insightful comments. For the
purposes of this report a few direct
quotes are brought forward. These are
organized into two categories.
Need for more information
"Our department is in great need of this
type of technology, but is unaware of
specific developments and what is available at what $ and true cost." "My
knowledge of how these technologies
could be in any way valuable to us is too
limited to make sense of this questionnaire." "It is hard for me to predict which
avenues will be most useful until gaining some experience of the relevant
technologies." "We would value knowing about technology for teaching and
quick summaries that would allow quick
access and usage." "...lack of interest
may only reflect our ignorance of what
techniques are available or the level of
support that is currently available at
UBC. Perhaps seminar organized
through TAG to rectify this problem
would be helpful." "I think that it is
probably correct that we do not know
enough about the possibilities and so
have not seriously considered what
opportunities might occur to use the
systems in our teaching."
Need for more support for
"What a delight it would be to teach in a
classroom that is well ventilated, where
the microphones work properly and the
projectors have quiet fans! If there are
funds available for upgrading classrooms, wouldn't it be much more cost-
effective to add more sophisticated
equipment with limited application only
as a second step after a basic update of
the facilities has been undertaken?"
"Our faculty (and, from what I can see,
most of the University, except Medicine) are 20-30 years behind times in
using new technology to help teach."
"There is a general feeling that the
University should be more seriously
supporting teaching at UBC." "We need
help to teach." "All this 'high-tech' stuff
sounds so wonderful - the reality for
most of us is far different! The classrooms are generally in a pitiful state -
broken chairs, scarred furniture, blinds
that are permanently stuck or missing,
no curtains, poor ventilation, paint peeling, etc., etc. ...The technology discussed here is hardly the main issue;
indeed it is, in a real sense, a trivial
issue. The much more fundamental
problem is management and maintenance of an appropriate classroom
environment." "The projection of slides
in the large lecture halls in IRC (e.g.
IRC2) is quite poor, "...university only
pays lip service to teaching and our
students are deprived of the benefits of
what is possible."
Inform Faculty about
the Technology
The survey clearly shows that a high
proportion of respondents are unfamiliar with the available technology
and software. This is in considerable contrast to the situation at leading North American universities. It
is recommended that faculty be
made more aware of the possibilities of the technology. This should
be part of a continuing process of
quality improvement in education.
This should be accomplished
through such units as University
Computing Services, the Library, the
Faculty Development Office and
Education Computing Services
through seminars, department/faculty visits, and resource collections.
These units should be appropriately
mandated and well supported.
Seminars would be most effective
at department level or faculty level
(for small faculties) and especially
designed for the individual disciplines.
Faculty Reward
It is recommended that the Senior
Appointments Committee of UBC be
asked to study the issue of how to
reward achievement or innovation
in teaching and to report their solution to the departments. The most
commonly cited reason for not devoting time and effort to such
projects is that such efforts are not
recognized for tenure and promotion. Faculty overwhelmingly concur that educational software development and technical innovation
should be among the factors considered for tenure and promotion.
course development, equipment forfac-
ulty members, classrooms and laboratories. Also, funding is needed for
purchasing software and hiring technical support staff. The respondents
indicated that funding would be most
effective at the departmental level.
UBC Classrooms
Although it was not the subject of a
question in the questionnaire, several
respondents could not resist commenting on the deplorable state of UBC's
classrooms. It is recommended that
the University Administration investigate this problem and find an immediate solution.
The committee would like to thank each
Department Head and faculty member
who took time from their busy schedule
to fill in yet one more questionnaire in a
year of questionnaires. The high response rate is a testimony to the commitment of these individuals to their
students and their learning/teaching
The committee would also like to acknowledge and thank Jon Nightingale
and Malcolm Greig, both of University
Computing Services, for their assistance in preparing the questionnaire
and the report, and in analyzing the
a.Electronic Learning, November/December 1991, Vol 11, No 3.
b.Instructional Delivery Systems, July/
August 1991.
c.Videodiscovery, Educational Videodisc Catalog, 1990-91.
d.Helen Skala, University of Wisconsin
- La Crosse, Computer Graphics Applications in a Complex Analysis Course,
IBM Academic Computing Conference,
June 1991.
It is recommended thatfunding be made
available by the President's Office for
instructional technology to be used for
1 EDUCOM is a non-profit consortium of more than 500 colleges and
universities and other institutions,
founded in 1964 to facilitate the introduction, use, and management of information technology in higher education. It provides a forum for the exchange of ideas on computer applications that address critical issues in
technology for higher education.
EDUCOM holds a major conference
each year in October.
2 The National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary
Teaching And Learning was founded at
The University of Michigan with a grant
from the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research
and Improvement. The center was
closed in 1991. 12   UBC REPORTS Senti-m-Vr 3.1992
Meet UBC's Board ofGovernors
UBC's Board of Governors is responsible
for the management, administration and control
of all aspects of the university's operations,
including its property, revenue and the appointment of senior officials and faculty.
Under the University Act, the Board of Governors comprises the chancellor, the president,
eight persons appointed by the cabinet of the
provincial government, two faculty members
elected by the faculty, two full-time students
elected by the students and one person elected
by and from the full-time employees of the
university who are not faculty members.
The 1992 members of the UBC Board of
Governors are:
UBC's Board of
Governors, was appointed to the board
in 1987. He completed three years
of an undergraduate Arts program at
UBC before graduating from the university's Faculty of
Law in 1964, receiving the Law
Society Gold Medal
for first place stand- Bagshaw
ing. Bagshaw is a
partner with the Vancouver law firm Ladner
Downs and specializes in business, transportation and engineering law. He is active in community affairs and served as president of the
Vancouver Art Gallery.
JARET CLAY, a graduate of UBC's
Faculty of
Science, was
elected by
students to the
board in 1992. He
received a B.Sc.
in Bio-
psychology in
1992 and intends
to pursue a career
in -chiropractic
medicine in the
fall of 1993. Clay
Clay has served as a
senior director of
Intramurals, on the executive of the
Psychology Students' Association and as a
member of the Science Undergraduate
Society executive. He has worked
extensively with the mentally handicapped
and currently serves as co-ordinator of AMS
Frosh Week.
president of The
Fitness Group,
was appointed to
the board in 1990.
The Fitness
Group specializes in exercise,
nutrition and
stress management programs in
the commercial
and , corporate
sectors. A graduate of UBC Crompton
(B.Ed.        '72),
Crompton received the Maxwell A.
Cameron Award in her graduating year for
academic excellence and most outstanding
teaching performance in the Faculty of
Education. She was recently appointed to
the board ofthe Vancouver Board of Trade
as well and to the board of IDEA, a 30,000
member organization of fitness
RONALD GRANHOLM, president and
CEO of Computrol
Security Systems,
was appointed to the
board in 1987. He
graduated from
B.C.'s Institute of
Chartered Accountants in 1959, specializing in general
and financial management. He received an MBA
from Simon Fraser
University in 1972.
Granholm was past
chair and governor of the Business Council of
B.C. and is active with the Vancouver Art Gallery. He is a past director of the Vancouver Board
of Trade, B.C. Transit and the Metropolitan Transit Operating Company.
ARTHUR HARA, chairman of the board of
Mitsubishi Canada
Ltd., was appointed
totheboardin 1987.
A native of Vancouver, he attended
Kobe University of
Economics in Japan
and is a graduate of
the Advanced Management Program of
the Harvard School
of Business Administration. Hara also
serves as chair ofthe
board of the Asia
Pacific Foundation. He was invested as a Member
of the Order of Canada in 1985 and was elevated
to Officer of the Order of Canada in 1992. He was
presented with an honorary LLD from UBC in
ASA JOHAL, founder and president of Ter-
minal Sawmills
Ltd., and president
and CEO of Terminal Forest Products
Ltd., was appointed
to the board in
1990. Born in India, he emigrated to
Canada at age two
and attended school
in south Vancouver. Johal is president of the International Punjabi Society of B.C., a director of B.C.'s Children's Hospital and a patron of Science World. He received an honorary
LLD from UBC in 1990, the Order of B.C. in
1991 and was named a Member of the Order of
Canada in 1992.
TONG LOUIE, chairman and CEO of H.Y.
Louie Co. Ltd., was
appointed to the
board in 1990. A
UBC graduate (Agriculture '38), Louie
is also chairman,
president and CEO
of London Drugs
Ltd., and vice-chairman and director of
was named Entrepreneur ofthe Year
was awarded with
the Outstanding Community Volunteer Leader
Award by the YMCA of Greater Vancouver in
1988. Louie was named a Member of the Order
of Canada in 1989 and was presented with the
Order of B.C. in 1991. He received an honorary
LLD from UBC in 1990.
DEREK MILLER, a graduate of UBC's
Faculty of Science, was elected
by students to the
board in 1991. He
received a B.Sc.
in Marine Biology in 1990 and
has recently completed a diploma
program in Applied Creative
Non-fiction Writing at UBC.
Miller received
the 1991 Outstanding Contribution Award from the Science Undergraduate Society for his work
with The 432 student newspaper. He is a
member of the Canadian Science Writers'
Association and currently serves as a director of the Alma Mater Society.
a UBC professor
of Civil Engineering, was
elected by faculty
to the board in
1987. Born in
Winnipeg, he received hi* undergraduate degree
at the University
of Manitoba before attending
Stanford University where he received MS and
PhD  degrees  in
Civil Engineering. Mindess holds fellowships with the American Ceramic Society
and the American Concrete Institute. His
special areas of interest include the properties of concrete as a construction material
and materials testing.
DOUGLAS NAPIER, a steamfitter in the
Dept. of Plant Operations, was
elected by staff to
the board in 1990.
He apprenticed as a
steamfitter and
pipefitter for five
years after graduating from high school
in Vancouver.
Napier joined UBC
in 1972 and has been
actively involved as
a member ofthe university ' s Health and
Safety Committee. He also served in various
capacities with the Canadian Union of Public
Employees, Local 116, for more than 15 years
and is involved with numerous community associations.
RICHARD NELSON, former chair and CEO
ofB.C. Packers Ltd.,
was appointed to the
board in 1987. Born
in New Westminster, he received a
cal Engineering
from UBC in 1953
and earned a master's degree in Business Administration
from the Harvard
Graduate School of
Business Administration in 1955. Nelson serves as a director of Toronto-based George
Weston Ltd. and the Manufacturers Life Insurance Co., as well as a director of the Vancouver
Port Corporation.
MICHAEL PARTRIDGE, regional vice-
president of group
sales for London
Life Insurance Co.,
was appointed to the
board in 1991. A
UBC graduate
(B.Comm. '59), he
has served as vice-
president and president of the UBC
Alumni Association
• and was co-chair of
the David Lam
Management Research Endowment
Fund. Partridge received the Blythe Eagles Volunteer Service A ward in 1987 and was a recipient
ofthe 1990UBC Alumni 75th Anniversary Award
of Merit.
DENNIS PAVLICH, a UBC professor of
Law, was elected by
faculty to the board
in 1990. Hereceived
both his undergraduate and LLB
degrees from the
University of
Witwatersrand in
South Africa before
graduating from
Yale University
Law School with an
LLM degree in
1975. Pavlich has
served as an attorney of the Supreme Court of
South Africa and as a member of the Canadian
Association of Law Teachers. His research and
scholarly activities include real property law.
LESLIE PETERSON, Q.C, Chancellor of
UBC, has served
continuously as a
member ofthe board
since 1978. He received his post-secondary education in
Alberta, Quebec and
England before receiving his LLB
from UBC in 1949.
He was an elected
member of B.C.'s
Legislative Assembly between 1956
and 1972, serving as
minister of Education, minister of Labor and as
Attorney General. Petersonis a senior partner with
the Vancouver law firm Boughton Peterson Yang
Anderson and specializes in commercial, corporate, transportation and administrative law. He is
a member of the Order of B.C.
DAVID STRANGWAY became a member
of the board upon
being appointed
president and vice-
chancellor of UBC
in 1985. The son of
medical missionaries, he attended
school in Angola
and Rhodesia before
entering Victoria
College at the University of Toronto
in 1952 where he
earned undergraduate and graduate
degrees in Physics. Strangway was a faculty
member at the University of Colorado and at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology before
joining the Physics Dept. at U of T in 1968. In
1970, he became chief of NASA's Geophysics
Branch, responsible for the geophysical aspects
of the Apollo missions.
Strangway UBC REPORTS September 3.1992       13
September 6 -
September 19
Diet Composition/Muscle
Function Study
Ht-a-Brar| Healthy, non-smoking,
^vVV    sedentary males, 18-35
^M^^    years needed for 2 test-
iHW^    ing periods, 10-12 days
3t^^    each.    Metabolic rate,
body composition and
muscle function tested.    All meals
provided; must be consumed at Family/Nutritional Sciences Building. Call
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Volunteers (over 18
years) needed, treated or
not, to participate in clinical drug trials. Call Dr. J.
Wright in Medicine at 822-
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with mild to
moderate hypertension, treated or not,
needed to participate in a high blood
pressure study. Call Dr. Wright in Medicine at 822-7134.
Drug Research Study
Male and female volunteers required for
Genital Herpes Treatment Study. Sponsoring physician: Dr. Stephen Sacks,
Medicine/Infectious Diseases. Call 822-
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers aged
35 years and up of aU fitness levels required.
No maximal testing. Scheduled at your convenience. Call Marijke Dallirnore, School of
Rehab. Medicine, 822-7708.
Memory Study
Interested participants ages 18-75 are
invited to come to test their memory as
part of study on self-rated and objective
memory testing. Call Dina at 822-7883.
Retirement Study
Women concerned about
retirement planning
needed for an 8-week Retirement Preparation
seminar. Call Sara
Cornish in Counselling
Psychology at 931-5052.
Jock Itch Study
Volunteers 18-65 years of age are needed
to attend 5 visits over an 8-week period.
Honorarium: $100 to be paid upon completion. Call Dermatology at 874-6181.
Stress/Blood Pressure Study
Leam how your body responds to stress.
Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in Psychology
at 822-3800.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items. Now offering working refrigerators (apartment
size) for $50. Every Wednesday, 12-
5pm. Task Force Bldg., 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call Rich at 822-2813/
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical Education and
Recreation through the John M.Buchanan
Fitness and Research Centre. Students
$25, others $30. Call 822-4356.
Faculty/Staff Non-Contact
Faculty/staff members
over 50 years of age who
are interested in playing
recreational, non-contact
hockey are invited to come
to the UBC arena on Monday evenings from 5:15-6:30pm. Call
Lew Robinson at 224-4784.
Botanical Garden
Open daily from 10am-6pm. Free admission Wednesday. Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
Open daily from 10am-6pm. Free admission Wednesday. Call 822-6038.
UBC Physics
leads country in
honors, awards
When Physics Professor Robert
Kiefl accepted the Herzberg medal as
Canada's outstanding young physicist of the year this summer, it was
the latest in a long line of accolades
for what has become the most celebrated physics department in the
Members of UBC's Physics Dept.
have won the Herzberg award in three of
the past four years, even though the
competition is open to all young Canadians physicists. Kiefl's award brought
to six the total of Herzbergs awarded to
the department over the years.
Other awards tell a similar tale.
For example, of the 30 Steacie prizes
presented by the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council
since the award's inception, seven
have gone to UBC — four of those to
members of the Physics Dept. And
this is an award open to every science
and engineering faculty member in
As well, UBC claimed 12 of the
largest 40 NSERC operating grants
awarded to physicists recently, more
than any other physics department in
the country. Faculty members also
win campus-wide teaching awards.
"We have reached a critical mass
of very good people," said department Head Brian Turrell, "and that
attracts other good people."
Research associates, post-doctoral
students, and visiting professors are
all drawn to the department by the
presence of these top-ranked professors. So many are arriving, in fact,
that Turrell does not have office space
for all of them.
As well as UBC's reputation and
Vancouver's desirability, Turrell
credits the department's recruiting
philosophy, its close ties to the Cana
dian Institute for Advanced Research
(CIAR), its excellent technical shops,
and the proximity to facilities such as
TRIUMF for its success in building a
strong faculty.
The department looks at more than
teaching and research abilities when
recruiting faculty. It favors those who
have a wide interest in all aspects of
physics and who enjoy interacting
with other physicists as well as researchers in other disciplines.
"This makes for a department
where new ideas arje generated and
exchanged all the time," said Turrell. >
The department also holds weekly
colloquia featuring a broad range of
speakers. Turrell describes it as "a real
focal point for graduate students and
Other eminent visiting speakers
have included Stephen Hawking, celebrated author of A Brief History of
The CIAR, a private institute that
encourages high-level research in
Canadian-based international networks, is also a drawing card for the
UBC Physics has seven CIAR
members, more than any other university department in the country,
and it was one ofthe factors that lured
Professor Ian Affleck away from
Princeton. The CIAR also provides
funding and links the department to
top researchers worldwide.
The university's proximity to
TRIUMF is also a plus, not only for
particle physicists, but also for condensed matter physicists who use
particles called muons to probe such
materials as high-temperature superconductors. The addition of the proposed KAON factory will further
enhance the department's reputation,
Turrell said.
Late summer reflections v^^a**^*
Waning August sunshine catches trio of Nitobe visitors in reflection on tranquil garden pond.
Eases parking squeeze
Parkade opens in November
The first of four proposed
parkades included in the five-year
parking plan is expected to open in
The West Parkade near Gate 6 will
improve the parking situation on campus this fall, said John Smithman,
director of Parking and Security Services.
However, Smithman added, until
it is completed, it may be difficult to
find a convenient parking spot.
"Over the summer, more space
was lost due to construction on prime
parking lots. The West Parkade will
result in the recovery of 1200 of those
"Drivers are being encouraged to
leave their cars at home in favor of
alternate forms of transportation,
while we build parkades to replace
the lost space."
Smithman said many programs
supporting transportation alternatives
exist on campus, including car pools,
van pools, commuter matching programs, portable permits and bicycle
"Many have already joined campus car and van pools. These are
excellent ways to enhance our environment and reduce your individual
The campus has lost parking space
for nearly 4,000 cars, resulting in the
reduction of available parking in all
areas, including the student residential overflow. However, student resident overflow parking is being developed south of Thunderbird Boulevard
on the sides of Osoyoos Crescent,
East Mall and West Mall.
"In spite of our losses, when compared to other campuses across North
America, UBC has parking services
which are second to none in meeting
community needs," said Smithman.
Under current plans, the university will regain all lost space by 1998.
Smithman said graduated annual increases in parking fees are necessary
to pay the cost of building new
parkades. Those who pay annual fees
by payroll deductions will notice a
monthly increase of six dollars in
October parking deductions.
New parkades are planned for
Northwest Marine Drive in 1994,
Mclnnes Field in 1995 and University
Hospital in 1997. Those three parkades
will result in an additional 4,000 parking spaces. 14   UBCREPORTS September3.1992
Imaging sonar mimics bats, whales
Taking a cue from killer whales
and bats, UBC Assistant Professor
Matthew Yedlin is using chirps instead of single sound pulses to test a
new acoustic remote-sensing device.
Yedlin, who holds a joint appointment in the departments of Electrical
Engineering and Geophysics and Astronomy, and is a faculty member at
the Centre for Integrated Computer
Systems Research, is working on
imaging sonar systems.
cant improvement over conventional sonar systems, developed out of research
originally conducted with Electrical Engineering Professor Edward Jull
Future applications of Yedlin's
research include environmental
tomography, fish counting and medical imaging. This acoustic imaging
device is also very useful as a teaching tool to demonstrate the interaction of sound waves with complicated topographical structures.
While earlier versions of the device used millisecond-long pulses, the
current apparatus emits a 69-millisec-
ond chirp, which is synthesized on a
computer and transmitted to a speaker.
The sound waves travel through
the air, reflect from the target and are
recorded by a microphone which is
also connected to the computer.
An optimal matching technique,
commonly used in chirp radar, is then
used to calculate the distance to the
Photo by Media Services
Testing an acoustic remote-sensing device at the UBC Aquatic Centre. From left, student Garfield Mellema,
centre manager Jim Bremner, Prof. Matthew Yedlin and researcher Barry Narod.
This process is repeated from different positions, resulting in an image of
the target A chirp is used instead of a
pulse to eliminate the bell-like reverberations of the speaker and to deliver
more acoustic energy to the target
Bats and killer whales emit chirps
to locate a target such as an insect or
fish, and perform a similar matching
procedure as they track it.
Yedlin said his experiments, conducted with former students Garfield
Mellema and Paul Milligan, and colleague Barry Narod, have been simple
and inexpensive to build. An extensive
software Ubrary, written by Mellema,
enabled the rapid and accurate collection of data.
Yedlin's device has proven so sensitive that it can detect as few as three
layers of tape on a tabletop.
"People are surprised that it is
actually able to detect the edge of
the tape which is .33 millimetres
higher than the surface of the table," he said.
Detection and resolution of these
small surface irregularities has
prompted Yedlin to expand his studies to imaging in water as well as
solid materials. Preliminary tests have
been done at the UBC Aquatic Centre.
The most recent test of this technology has been conducted underground in collaboration with Ernie
Majer, director ofthe geotomography
group at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California,
In these experiments, a speaker
was lowered into a water-filled
borehole and chirping sounds emitted by the speaker were successfully
recorded in another borehole five
metres away.
This recorded data will be used to
obtain a two-dimensional image of
material in the ground between the
boreholes. This is a process known as
geotomography, a technique for the
reconstruction of an object from its
This summer, Yedlin is a visiting
scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley
Laboratory, conducting further
tomographic experiments.
Boosting attendance aim
of Shrum Bowl organizers
This year's edition of the Shrum
Bowl between UBC and Simon Fraser
University promises to be more than
just a football game.
One of the aims of an organizing
committee struck to give the annual
encounter more continuity is to make
it more of a community event.
"We have seen as many as 14,000
jam the stands when the Shrum Bowl
was held at Empire Stadium," said
Kim Gordon, co-ordinator of
interuniversity athletics at UBC and
one of the organizing committee
'Tiowever,inrecentyears, attendance
has slipped. We hope to fill Thunderbird
Stadium with 6,000 fans for this year's
game, September 12, through a series of
key promotional endeavors."
One ofthe promotions will feature
a reduced rate for family ticket purchases, through a coupon promotion
with the Vancouver Province newspaper.
The committee's efforts have been
enthusiastically received by the Alma
Mater Society and other student
groups, UBC football alumni and
Vancouver-area business, said
"In the past, planning for each
Shrum Bowl game was left to the
respective athletic departments at
UBC and SFU, with each university
hosting the game in alternating years,"
she explained.
"With strong representation from
both universities on a central committee, the Shrum Bowl will receive
the ongoing support that it deserves."
The chair of
this year's
Shrum Bowl
committee is
Calgary lawyer
and former Canadian Football
League commissioner
Doug Mitchell,
a UBC alumnus
and former T-
Bird football
UBC representation on the
comes from Bob
Philip, director
of Athletics and
Sport Services;
former director
Bob Hindmarch;
Michael Kelly,
director of Athletic and Sports
Facilities; Don
Wells, sports information officer; AMS
President Martin
Ertl; Caireen Hanert, AMS director of
administration; and Jaret Clay, student
representative on the Board of Governors.
The Shrum Bowl was conceived
in 1966 to bring together two university football teams that play in the
same city, but in different leagues,
under different rules, and in different
UBC wide receiver Rob Neid dives for ball during last
year's Shrum Bowl game.
UBC plays Canadian football
against Canadian universities, while
SFU competes in an American League
that uses U.S. rules.
Simon Fraser holds a slight
edge in competition with a record
of 8-6-1, scoring a 20-17 victory
in Shrum Bowl XV last year before 5,100 fans at Swangard Stadium in Burnaby.
Masters Swim
Club conquers
English Channel
Dr. Debbie Carlow of Vancouver got to see a little of England and
France last month. However, you
could hardly call it a summer vacation.
Carlow and five other members
of the UBC Masters Swim Club
successfully completed a double
relay swim of the English Channel
Aug. 6. Their 90-kilometre, round-
trip took them from Shakespeare
Beach, southwest of London, to
Cap Gris Nez, France, in 18 hours
and 48 minutes.
Each team member swam for
three hours, except for Carlow, who
put in a fourth hour as the last
swimmer home.
It was the first double relay
crossing of the English Channel
by a Canadian swim team. Car-
low, a 32-year-old physician who
graduated from UBC medical
school in 1990, said her only regret is that the team didn't plan for
a triple swim.
"If I could have done it all
over again, I would have prepared and planned for a triple
swim. Only one other swim
team has ever completed a tri
ple, but, who knows, that might
be in our future plans."
Carlow, the team captain, was
joined by Shane Collins, John
MacMaster, Rob Carpenter, Roy
Goodman and Ira Leroi, a fourth-
year medical student at UBC.
"There are about 135 members
of the UBC Masters Swim Club,
which is composed of competitive
and recreational swimmers over
the age of 25 who train four times
a week at the UBC Aquatic Centre.
The relay team came together out
of that group in January."
Intensive training, which included ocean swims in English
Bay and at Ambleside Park,
began in March. Water temperatures there were in the 15C
range, similar to the conditions
they would face in the channel.
Carlow said that, as a result,
they knew what to expect when
they hit the waters off the shores
of England.
"We arrived there at the end of
July. Our window of opportunity
came about a week later, when
there was the least amount of difference between low and high tide,
in perfect weather." UBCREPORTS September3,1992       15
Stanton named 3M Teaching Fellow
Susan Stanton, a senior instructor of Occupational Therapy in the School of Rehabilitation Medicine, has been
named   a   1992   3M
Teaching Fellow.
The fellowships,
created in 1986, recognize Canadian university educators who excel in their teaching
fields and demonstrate
a high degree of leadership and commitment
to the improvement of
university teaching and
learning across disciplines.
Stanton received a UBC Excellence in
Teaching Award in 1990.
recently been elected vice-president of the
Associate Professor Mike Tretheway has
been appointed director of teaching development for the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Tretheway will chair the faculty's teaching
development and curriculum committees for
the 1992-93 academic year.
The aims of this new position are to continue
to improve the quality of teaching and to improve the quality of the curriculum that the
faculty has to offer.
Tretheway, at UBC since 1983, teaches in
the Transportation and Logistics Division and is
a recipient of the Ame Olsen Master Teacher
Michael Isaacson has been named as the
new head of the Dept. of Civil Engineering,
replacing William Oldham, who held the position for eight years.
Isaacson has been assistant head and undergraduate advisor in the department for the past
three years, and was previously the department's graduate advisor.
Isaacson's area of research is coastal and
ocean engineering, with particular emphasis on
ocean waves and their effects on coastal and
offshore structures.
His research has focused on such topics as
motion response analyses of floating structures,
the design of marinas and coastal structures
such as breakwaters and wharves, tidal flushing
of coastal inlets, and tsunami inundation stud-
Professor Paul Watkinson has replaced
Kenneth Pinder as head of Chemical Engineering, effective July 1.
Watkinson was instrumental in forming
the UBC Coal Research Centre (which has
since ceased operations) and served as its
director for five years.
Watkinson's research into rotary kilns
illustrates the application of chemical
engineering techniques to metallurigcal
His work in coal research, particularly in gasification and pyrolysis, and
in fouling of heat exchangers, helped
establish UBC's international reputation
in these areas.
Gordon McBean has been appointed head
of the Dept. of Oceanography.
McBean received his B.Sc. in Physics at
UBC and his PhD in Oceanography from UBC's
Institute of Oceanography, predecessor to today's department.
A professor and formerly chair of the Atmospheric Science Program in the departments of Geography and Oceanography,
McBean is chair of the International Scientific
Committee for the World Climate Research
Program and a member of international and
national committees on climate and global
He was awarded the 1975 President's Prize
of the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) and the 1989 Patterson
Medal of Environment Canada. He has also
Animal biochemist James Thompson has
been named as professor and head of the Dept.
of Animal Science, effective July 1.
Thompson comes from the University of
Alberta, where he was a professor of Animal
Biochemistry and, from 1984 to 1989, an associate dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies
and Research.
His research focuses on nutrition and the
regulation of intermediary metabolism in both
mammals and birds. He will be expanding this
research at UBC into the field of animal biotechnology.
As well, Thompson is currently an associated editor of the Canadian Journal of Animal
Information Librarian Brenda Peterson has
been elected to a one-year term as president of
the Academic Women's Association.
The association was formed in 1976 to
encourage and promote equal opportunities for women to participate fully in all
aspects of university affairs. It also provides a forum for discussion on matters
affecting women at UBC.
Membership is open to all women holding
temporary or tenured full-time and part-time
academic appointments at UBC.
Peterson has been a member of the association since joining the staff of the UBC Library
in 1983, and she served as a member of Senate
for the past two years. She received both an
undergraduate degree in History and a Master's
of Library Science degree at UBC.
Gene Namkoong, a professor of genetics from North
Carolina State University, has been
appointed department head of Forest
Sciences in the Faculty of Forestry.
His appointment
was effective Sept. 1.
Namkoong's research deals with
population genetics
and breeding for forest
trees, as well as biology and bio-diversity.
He recently received the forest service superior scientist award from the
United States Dept. of Agriculture. He
was also a visiting professor at Seoul
National University.
Jobs, alcohol costly mix
Alcohol and other drug abuse cost
Canadian business an estimated $15
billion a year, according to a recent
Nowhere is the problem potentially more serious than in the transportation industry, says Len
Henriksson, a post doctoral fellow in
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
"The transportation industry involves large, fast-moving vehicles,
split-second timing, precious cargoes
of goods and passengers, and, at times,
hazardous materials."
However, Henriksson added, it's a
problem that is not unique to the
transportation industry.
At a transportation management
forum hosted by Executive Programs
in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, Henriksson will
address the many basic concepts which
he says would apply in just about any
business setting.
Familiarity with the basic issues,
and the responses available to them,
will help managers make better-quality decisions as they attempt to come
to grips with the problem of alcohol
and other drug abuse in the workplace,
he explained.
"The seminar will describe the nature of alcohol and other drug abuse,
its impact on industry, and what can
be done about it."
Henriksson said the problems associated with alcohol and other drug
abuse include increased absenteeism,
turnover, accidents and workers' compensation claims, increased discipli
nary proceedings and decreased productivity, workplace morale and customer service.
"Finding appropriate organizational responses is an inexact science
at best," Henriksson said. "There are
no quick-fix solutions."
During the seminar, a team of
expert speakers will show the participants the broad range of responses
available to organizations, and the
important medical and labor relations issues relating to alcohol and
other drug abuse. Legal concerns
will also be addressed, including federal anti-drug requirements expected
in the new year.
Participants will also learn the
essentials of the performance-based
approach to management of problem
"Managers are more skilled at evaluating performance than they are at diagnosing addiction," Henriksson said.
"That's why it is important to distinguish between performance problems
such as sporadic work quality, accidents and absenteeism or tardiness, and
the so-called warning signs that might or
might not be drug-related."
Henriksson said warning signs include low self-esteem, a change in
dress or hygiene, family or marital
difficulties and frequent requests for
pay advances or transfer.
At the seminar, a panel of industry
representatives will describe their efforts to combat the problem and the
results that have been achieved.
"Although we always need to remember that alcohol and other drug
abuse is only one ofthe many significant threats to occupational safety
and health, its economic and human
consequences are serious,"
Henriksson explained.
"We think our program is an important way of reaching out to the
community for that reason."
The seminar, Meeting the Challenges of Alcohol and Other Drug
Abuse, will be held at the Ramada
Renaissance Hotel in Vancouver Sept.
30-Oct. 1. For more information,
contact UBC Executive Programs at
4436 WEST 10TH (NR SASAMAT) 222-0061
Alpaca/llama sweaters, ponchos, hats, scarves, gloves,
hand-made Bolivian flutes & jewellery, Guatamalan cotton pants, pouches, pullovers, backpacks and MORE!!
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ubc Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the
September 17 issue is noon, September 8.
For information or to place an ad,
phone 822-3131
Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-3131. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged $14.98 for 7 lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G.S. T.) Tuesday, Septembers at noon is the deadline for
the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, September
17. Deadline for the following edition on October 1 is 4 p.m Tuesday,
September 22. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or
internal requisition.
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583-2858. 16    UBC REPORTS September 3.1992
Arts One: Alive and well at 25
UBC's Arts One program is celebrating
its 25th anniversary.
What began in 1967 as a "pilot" program in the Faculty of Arts, today boasts
some 5,000 graduates. Without a doubt, the
program has emerged as a distinctive and
valued feature of undergraduate education
at the university.
Arts One means different things to different people.
Graduate Doug Todd, now a columnist
for the Vancouver Sun, remembers the
program as a comfortable introduction to
university because of the support he received from his peers and instructors. For
Todd, Arts One was "one of many communities which have played significant roles"
in both his personal and professional life.
Ruth Baldwin,
currently completing a degree    ^^__^__^__
in honors English,
entered Arts One after being away from
school for over 20 years.
After such a long absence, Baldwin was
understandably apprehensive about her first
year at UBC. As a mature student with little
academic confidence, Baldwin found Arts
One an "exciting and unintimidating" re-
introduction to learning.
It is not merely the close-knit community experience that makes Arts One unique.
The program is unparalleled in its dedication to instilling in students the skills of
critical and independent thinking.
Using an interdisciplinary approach,
students and faculty collaborate
through small seminars and tutorials as
well as regular weekly lectures. With
an average ratio of one faculty member
for 20 students, it makes learning an
"...traditional boundaries can
and should be challenged."
active, rather than passive, process. The
curriculum, comprising works from Ovid
and Plato to Forester and Rushdie, attempts
to explore Western civilization while exposing students to cross-cultural challenges
to this tradition.
Susan Mendelson, owner of Vancouver's
The Lazy Gourmet store, spent her year in Arts
One exploring the theme "Ways of Knowing."
She said the program broadened her approach to
learning and made her realize that "there are
many acceptable ways of being and thinking,
and that traditional boundaries can and should
As curator of the Fine Arts Gallery at UBC,
Scott Watson said the program is invaluable
because "contemporary thought can no longer
be confined to disciplines whose boundaries
date to Medieval times."
Former students are
^™^~~" virtually united in identi
fying Arts One as an ideal
first year program that
forms abroad foundation
_^_^__^____     for further study. It enabled them to see beyond
the boundaries of their field, and to incorporate
other disciplinary methods and ideas into their
later work.
From its experimental beginnings, Arts One
remains a popular and dynamic program comprising 200 eager students and 10 interested
faculty each year.
Although the 25th anniversary is a time to
celebrate Arts One's past, it is also an opportunity to examine the future of liberal arts education and the role it should play.
To mark this anniversary, on Sept. 26, during Homecoming weekend, a full day of events
has been planned. This will include a session at
which Bob Rowan, one of the original architects of Arts One, will present his vision of the
program and then engage in discussion and
debate in the Arts One style with a panel of
former students.
In addition, there will be a formal presentation by a distinguished guest on the role of the
humanities in contemporary university education. The day will finish with a reception at
Cecil Green House for former faculty and students as well as interested members of the
general public.
For those wishing more information on the
day's events or who are interested in helping
track down former Arts One students, please
contact us at 822-3430.
Trevor Morrison and Nadja Durbach
graduated from Arts One in 1989.
The caricature of former Arts One faculty
members adorned the program's brochure a
decade ago. Professors, clockwise from top left,
are: Paul Burns, Geoffrey Durrani, Geoffrey
Creigh, Frank Whitman and Ian Slater.
In the Aug. 13 Forum, Philip Allingham
was incorrectly referred to as a professor of
English. He is, in fact, a former sessional
lecturer in the Dept. of English.
Child care demands varied
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A S3-million child-care study has
found that 60 per cent of Canadian
mothers with children under 13 work
and are in need of child-care support.
Equally significant is that slightly
less than half these mothers work
irregular hours.
"We've always known that the
demands for quality day-care spaces
far outstrip supply," said UBC Professor Hillel Goelman, one of four
co-investigators in the Canadian National Child Care Study. "We now
know these demands are far more
varied and complex than previously
Based on interviews conducted
by Statistics Canada in 1988, the
study profiles the child-care needs of
more than two million families with
at least one child under 13. With
information drawn from one in every
90 Canadian households, it represents the most extensive research
project of its kind undertaken anywhere.
Goelman, an associate director and
associate professor of early childhood education at UBC's Centre for
the Study of Curriculum and Instruction, said the study's data will force
governments to take a more critical
look at formulating strategies.
"In the past, a lot of people have
guessed at the scope of our child-care
problem," said Goelman. "We're now
supplying accurate numbers which
policy-makers can use to make informed decisions."
In the first of 15 reports, the research team found that child care was
used for an estimated 2.7 million
children to support parental employment. This included 276,000 infants
under 18 months, 276,500 toddlers,
585,100 preschoolers (three- to five-
year-olds) 861,400 children six to
nine years and 660,700 children 10-
12 years old.
Other highlights of the initial report include:
- both parents in 67 per cent of
dual-income families, even those with
children younger than three, worked
full time;
- almost one in six dual-earner
couples deliberately arranged work
hours to suit child-care needs;
- among the 1.5 million working
parents primarily responsible for arranging child care, 28 percent worked
at least one weekend day, 63 per cent
had fixed, daytime hours ending at 6
p.m., and 28 per cent worked irregular hours.
The study's second report, to be
released later this month, will focus
on where the children are being cared
for while their parents work or study.
Goelman said about 57 per cent of
children under the age of 13 spend an
average of 18 hours a week in some
form of non-parental care. He added
that the majority of these were in
informal or unlicensed family daycare homes.
Goelman also noted that just
three per cent of infants of working parents were enrolled in licensed, day-care centres. The largest proportion (18 per cent) of
infants were cared for by a relative in the relative's home or in an
unlicensed family day care home.
Says Goelman; "If 60 per cent of
mothers are working and just three
per cent of small kids are in licensed
day care, then we've got a major
In a subsequent report he is currently writing, Goelman said the research team will look at what kind of
child care arrangements Canadian
parents prefer.
The Canadian National Child Care
Study is funded primarily through
Health and Welfare Canada with additional funds from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Council of Canada and the provinces
of Ontario and New Brunswick.


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