UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Dec 13, 1990

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The University of British Columbia
Vancouver. British Columbia
Volume 36. Number 22
December 13. 1990
University proposes^tuition fee guidelines
UBC President David Strangway
has presented tuition fee and financial
aid guidelines to the university's Board
of Governors that set fee increases for
a three-year period and bolster financial aid for students in need.
The guidelines propose that tuition
increases in 1991-92, 1992-93 and
1993-94 be set at the annual Vancouver Consumer Price Index, plus 4.5
per cent. The CPI would be set as of
Dec. 31 ofthe preceding year.
The full text of the proposal is contained in an insert beginning on page 5
of this issue of UBC Reports.
Strangway said the university is
seeking campus comment on the guidelines, which will be voted on by the
Board of Governors at its February,
1991 meeting.
"We believe that guidelines on tuition fees and financial aid must be re
sponsive to financial needs so that no
otherwise admissible student is denied the opportunity to attend university solely for financial reasons," he
"By phasing in changes over a
number of years, we will ensure that
tuition fees and financial aid will be
reasonably predictable."
The proposal designates a portion
of the tuition increase for enhanced
student aid and another portion for an
enhanced teaching and learning environment.
UBC already provides substantial
aid for students through endowment,
operating and research funds and by
ensuring that students compete for
awards offered outside of the university.
About 5,500 students receive $27
million annually in provincial and fed
eral student loans and grants. Over the
past three years, the government of
B.C. has increasingly met education
costs through its student assistance
program, Strangway noted.
Tuition fees now account for about
15 per cent of UBC's general purpose
operating revenue, Strangway said,
adding that the costs of operating universities will rise above inflation rates
for the next few years.
Goldberg appointed new
Dean of Commerce and
Business Administration
Michael Goldberg, Professor of
Urban Land Policy in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, has been appointed dean of the
Goldberg begins his six-year term
on July 1, 1991. He replaces Peter
Lusztig, who has headed UBC's
business school for 14 years, the
longest-serving dean in the faculty's
ROYAL COMMISSION: Submissions by UBC call for
greater collaboration between universities and hospitals in the area of health
care. Page 2
HEALTH RESEARCH CENTRE: Centre for Health Serv-
Ices and Policy Research
approved by UBC Senate and
Governors. Rage 10
Ways in which university
seeks to attract the best students to UBC. Page 12
"Dr. Goldberg is a distinguished
scholar with an international reputation in the field of housing and urban
land economics," said President David
Strangway. "He has made the UBC
urban land economics group one of the
preeminent groups in the world and
has served the community very
Goldberg, 49, was the Director of
Development in the Faculty of Commerce from 1986-88 and Associate
Dean from 1980-84. He is currently a
member of the board of directors of
UBC's Women's Resource Centre. His
areas of research include housing economics, urban land markets, globalization of real property markets and the
development of international financial
Goldberg is currently executive director of I.F.C. Vancouver, a nonprofit, provincially chartered society
that promotes Vancouver as an international finance centre.
Dan Birch, Vice President Academic and Provost, said Goldberg's
work on Vancouver as an International
Finance Centre is only the most recent
Happy Holidays!
Giant Sequoiadendron tree beside the Main Library, dressed up for the season, with the Clock Tower in the background.
example of his ability to relate to the
international business community and
to governments.
"These are abilities essential to the
effective exercise of the deanship," said
During his 22 years at UBC, Goldberg has been invited to lecture in over
20 different courses in seven departments. He is currently Chair of the
British Columbia Real Estate Foundation and a Commissioner of the B.C.
Housing Management Commission.
Tiroes change. Especially during holidays.
Here Is an update of the revised hours of operation for UBC buildings
and services this holiday season.
UBC libraries are operating on extended hours throughout the exam
period. All branches and divisions will be closed Dee. 22-23, Christmas
Day, Boxing Day, Dec. 29-30, New Year's Day and Jan. 5-6. People are
asked to check hours posted at each library or call 228-2077 for more
Coffee connoisseurs should be aware that Arts 200 and Roots closed
Nov. 30:1.R.C Snack Bar, Subway Cafeteria, and Yum Yums,'Dec. 20;
Edibles Snack Bar, Dec. 14; and Underground (Sedgewick) closes Dec.
19. All these food service outlets re-open Jan. 7. For more information
call 228-2616. See CAMPUS on Page 2
Supreme Court of Canada ruling
upholds mandatory retirement
UBC President David Strangway
welcomed a Supreme Court decision
which validates the university's retirement policy.
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled
last week that mandatory retirement at
age 65 is legal.
The landmark ruling overturned a
judgment made earlier by the B.C.
Court of Appeal regarding a case involving two former UBC employees.
"The judgment ends a period of
uncertainty which was detrimental to
the whole university community,"
said Strangway. "With that insecurity
removed, the university can move
forward in a positive manner with
its academic and financial planning."
Strangway added that the planning
process will continue to foster and
improve relations with retired staff and
"UBC is very appreciative of the
service given by its retired staff and
values the link which exists between
them and the university after they retire."
In a 5-2 vote, Supreme Court justices said mandatory retirement places
a legitimate limit on the constitutional
rights ofthe elderly.
The issue was taken to Canada's
highest court by several university
professors in Ontario and two UBC
employees, all of whom wanted to
work past the age of 65.
While conceding that forced retirement does violate the Charter right
against age discrimination, the justices
said the charter does not apply directly
to universities, colleges and hospitals.
UBC's policy, which requires all
academic and non-academic staff to
retire by the age of 65, follows guidelines set out in the B.C. Human Rights
Act. The act applies to all provincial
employees and permits mandatory retirement at age 65.
The Supreme Court decided that although the act's mandatory retirement
provision was discriminatory on the
basis of age, it was justifiable under
Section 1 of the Charter.
"We're very pleased with the
court's ruling as it backs our original
position on the mandatory retirement
issue," said Albert McClean, Associate Vice-President, Academic.
Mandatory retirement has been
abolished in Quebec, Manitoba and the
United States. 2    UBCREPORTS Pec 13.1990
University seeks portion of provincial
health budget for medical research
UBC President David Strangway
1 has called for greater collaboration
between the university and its affiliated teaching hospitals to help improve
the province's health care system.
In a written submission to B.C.'s
Royal Commission on Health Care and
Costs, Strangway said that by working
together in a complementary partnership, the university and the hospitals
could greatly enhance standards in
patient care, education and research in
the health sciences.
"These functions are inextricably
linked and the effectiveness of each
institution depends on the mutual recognition of complementary roles and
responsibilities," Strangway said.
"Facilitating the potent collaboration of the University of British Columbia and its affiliated teaching hospitals will secure unexcelled health
care in this province, while simultaneously reducing demands on the public
Most of the doctors on staff at the
seven teaching hospitals affiliated
with the university have UBC clinical
faculty appointments. As well, several full-time professors in the Faculty of Medicine and others in the
School of Nursing and Faculty of
Dentistry, combine their teaching duties with clinical services to hospital
Strangway told the commission that
while the teaching hospitals have the
G.S.T. will bring
increase in costs
Overall expenditures at UBC will
rise approximately 0.7. per cent as a
result of Bill C-62, the Goods and Services Tax, which is scheduled to be
implemented by the federal government Jan. 1.
This figure represents the difference between the current overall average of 1.6 per cent federal sales tax
paid in 1989-90 and the net 2.3 per
cenf payable under the G.S.T.
Keith Bowler, the director of purchasing, said the increase does not take
projected contraction costs into account. Bowler, who has chaired a technical committee which was set up to
address the impact ofthe G.S.T on the
university, said the university spent
$158 million last year on items that
would now attract G.S.T.
"Of that $158 million, $23 million
went toward construction costs," added
"UBC has embarked on a 10-year
construction phase, with the major
expenses to be incurred over the next
two or three years. In the past, construction at the university level was
basically exempt from federal sales tax.
However, as a result of the G.S.T., the
university will be hit with a 2.3- percent increase in construction costs at a
time when construction will form a
major expense portion of the
university's capital budget."
The average academic unit will see
costs go up by 2.3-per-cent, and not
the seven per cent that will be levied
on Canadians as a whole—because of
an agreement reached between the
federal government, the Association
of Universities and Colleges of Canada and the Canadian Association of
University Business Officers. Under
the terms of the agreement, universities should pay no more sales tax under the G.S.T. than they do now under
the federal sales tax. As a result, universities will receive a rebate of 67 per
cent ofthe G.S.T. paid.
The majority of the university's
activities fall under this classification,
although there will be variations, said
Overall, university faculty, staff and
students appear to be in store for a
mixed bag when the new tax takes
Bowler said university research,
which was exempt from the federal
sales tax in the past, will be hit with an
increase of approximately 2.3 per cent
in non-salaried expenses, such as materials and equipment, as a result ofthe
"Research-intensive universities
like UBC will be slightly worse off
than other universities because of the
balance of research and teaching expenses versus non-teaching and research expenses."
For UBC students, the G.S.T. will
strike at the very heart of education:
books. It will also hit them right in the
"The cost of books and supplies
will rise by seven per cent," said
Bowler. "And buying the occasional
meal on campus will also cost an additional seven per cent. Parking fees
will also attract G.S.T. unless parking
is included in the residence fees."
However, there is some good news
for students on the G.S.T. front. Tuition fees will be tax exempt, as will
ancillary fees for students enroled in
academic programs. These ancillary
costs include residence fees, as long as
the stay is for a period of greater than
one month, and meal plans, as long as
the plans cover at least 10 meals per
week, for a period of at least one month.
Bowler said although the G.S.T.
does hurt the university, it's a system
of taxation that is fairer than the federal sales tax and more straightforward.
"Once the university gets over the
initial hump of implementing the new
tax, it'll become easier to administer
than the outgoing federal sales tax. One
significant way of offsetting any tax or
inflationary cost is for the university to
maximize its buying power. This will
require continued close co-operation
between end users and purchasing to
consolidate purchases with fewer vendors."
Bowler's efforts to bring the G.S.T.
on line will continue as the impact of
the new tax is closely watched. In
addition, a series of meetings will be
set up with different sections of the
academic community within the university to monitor the situation.
primary responsibility for patient care,
UBC's contribution to clinical services is underfunded by an estimated
$9 million on an annual recurring
He said this level of subsidy is an
unacceptable burden to the university,
and he called on the province to reimburse UBC for the clinical services it
provides to the teaching hospitals and
to the health care system.
In a separate submission to the
commission, Dr. Martin Hollenberg,
UBC's Dean of Medicine, asked the
provincial Ministry of Health to allocate two per cent of its budget for research in the health sciences, specifically aimed at the reduction of health
care costs.
The health care budget for B.C.
currently stands at $4.8 billion a year.
"Only a very small part of the Ministry of Health's annual health care
budget has ever been allocated to the
kind of research that we in the Faculty
of Medicine believe is essential to
improve the quality of life for British
Columbians and for controlling the
associated costs," Dr. Hollenberg said.
"We believe that the Ministry of
Health must recognize that a central
part of its mission is to provide funds
for research in the health sciences."
He added that it is not sufficient for
the Ministry of Health simply to provide funds for health care.
"It must continually evaluate what
it is doing and seek to improve the
^-system through better disease prevention, diagnosis and delivery of health
care," Dr. Hollenberg said.
UBC's submission further suggests
that this two per cent be specifically
applied in ways that will lead to real
savings in health care costs.
UBC, in conjunction with its affiliated teaching hospitals, receives almost
$42 million annually in direct funding
for research, mainly from sources outside the province.
■The Royal Commission on Health
Care and Costs is holding a series of
public meetings throughout the province to examine the structure, organization and effectiveness of the B.C.
health care system. It is expected to
deliver its report by September, 1991.
Photo by Media Services
Participants tight candles in a vigil held on campus last Thursday. A minute of silence was observed in
commemoration of the slaying of 14 women students atL'Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal one year ago.
Campus hours
change during
holiday season
Continued from Page 1
Hours at the Museum of Anthropology will stay the same during the
holidays. The museum is open Tuesdays from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. and
Wednesdays through Sunday from 11
a.m. to 5 p.m. The museum is closed
Mondays and will be closed Christmas
Day and Boxing Day.
The Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre will close for Christmas Eve,
Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New
Year's Eve and New Year's Day.
Swimmers should note that the
Aquatic Centre will be closed Christmas Day and Boxing Day, Jan. 1 and
Jan. 6. There will be public swimming
Jan. 2-5 from noon to 4 p.m. and 7
p.m. to 10 p.m.
The Pit Pub, Gallery Lounge,
Tortellini's, SubCetera and Box Office will be closed from Dec. 19 to Jan.
7. For more information call 228-3965.
Now you can have colour laser
photo-copies just like your
Not like the original at all.
Our Canon Laser Copier makes an accurate copy from your artwork,
reports, maps, drawings, photographs or slides in just a few short moments. It scans digitally. Prints by Laser. The colours are rich and
vibrant, the image is crisp, sharp and very true to the original. Be
prepared to be amazed	
Or, re-size it, crop it, lighten it, make the red just a little more orange,
improve the contrast or ask for a multi-page print-out. With its full range
of functions there is so much this copier can do. You will be surprised
at just how affordable it is to have your own custom made colour copies.
Please call for more information.
UBC Media Services Photography 228-4775 UBC REPORTS Dec 13.1990
Letters to the Editor
According to an article in the UBC
Reports of November 29, for Dr. Thomas Perry Sr. the nuclear bombing
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki "meant
the end of World War II and his return home to his wife and a comfortable medical practice in Los Angeles."
Let us not forget that for thousands of infantrymen who had fought
the Japanese the bombing meant
something more basic: It meant that
they would not be killed in action; it
meant that they would return home
Let us also not forget that there
was even more destruction and loss
of life in Dresden and Tokyo than
there was in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The bombings of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki were awesome and dramatic, but they were not the worst
things that happened in World War
Robert R. Christian
Department of Mathematics
Many B.C. women
infected with HIV
virus: UBC study
Dr. Martin Schechter found HIV infection among blood samples of women.
Several hundred women in B.C. are
likely infected with the HJV virus but
are not receiving treatment, a UBC
study concludes.
HIV antibody testing was performed on unidentified leftover
blood specimens obtained from
22,512 women. The women, aged
15-44, were receiving prenatal care
in British Columbia and the
Yukon during a six-month period in
The highest observed rates of HJV
infection were in women aged 15 to 29
in the urban areas of Vancouver and
Of that group, approximately one
in 1,300 pregnant women, aged 20-29,
was HIV positive.
When these rates were projected
over all women aged 15-44, as many
as 400 women in the metropolitan areas of the province were HIV positive
in 1989. Only six have ever received
zidovudine (a drug used in the treatment of AIDS previously known as
AZT) through a distribution program
available to persons with advanced
HJV infection.
The study concluded that because
few women have sought zidovudine
treatment, the spread of HJV infection
to them has occured only recently and
is likely to be on the rise.
"It may also be that the failure of
eligible women to receive treatment
may be compounded by a combination
of other factors including misdiagnosis
of HJV-related illness in women, and a
lack of knowledge regarding available
therapies by women and their physicians," explained UBC epidemiologist
Dr. Martin Schechter, who directed the
He added that women may also be
unwilling to enter into AIDS therapy
programs at recognized treatment
centres or may deny that they are HJV
"Unfortunately, unless special steps
are taken to target women, these problems will likely only increase as larger
numbers of infected women progress
from the early silent phase to the later
phases of HJV infection," Dr. Schechter said.
Dr. Penny Ballem and Dr. Noel
Buskard, of UBC's Faculty of Medicine, also collaborated on the study
which appeared in the Dec. 1 issue of
the Canadian Medical Association
The study received prior ethical
approval from UBC's Clinical Screening Committee for Research and other
Studies Involving Human Subjects and
from the B.C. Civil Liberties Association.
Funding for the study was provided
by the Canadian Red Cross Society
Blood Transfusion Service (Vancouver Centre), the Canadian Federal
Centre for AIDS and Health and Welfare Canada.
UBC Chancellor Leslie Peterson and President David Strangway confer honorary degree on Helen Belkin
in a special fall congregation held on Nov. 29, celebrating the university's 75th Anniversary.
Montreal, one year later: A time
for reflection, a time for change
This is the end of a thoughtful time for Canadians.
We've listened to radio and television news reports and
read newspaper articles in an attempt to understand the
brutal murder of 14 women students in Montreal a year
ago. Along with their analyses, interviewers and commentators reported a widespread fear among Canadian
What does this pervasive sense of fear have to do with
this seemingly random killing?
Was the massacre the mindless act of a madman? A
number of commentators have offered this explanation,
but not everyone shares this view.
We have also heard some startling statistics in the past
few days. One random sample of San Francisco women
found: 44% had been raped (or been the target of
attempted rape), 38% were sexually abused as children,
14% had been raped by their partners and 21% had been
the victim of marital violence. We also know that 100
Canadian women are killed each year by their male partners. Which of these acts are the terrorist acts of
mindless madmen? Where is the line that distinguishes
between pathology and normalcy?
Last Oct., 20 men housed in the Vanier residence at
UBC wrote notes to about 300 women also living in
Vanier. The notes attracted national media attention when
their contents became known. They ranged from invitations to be "f in the mud" to "f her, killing her
afterward, and giving her a penalty for screaming." The
press quoted some of these men as saying the notes were
just jokes.
And, last spring, the Engineering Undergraduate newsletter carried abusive messages about women, First Nations people, and gay people. The authors were reported
as offering the same rationale.
Each week, the Office for Women Students and the
Sexual Harassment Office are told of abusive and degrading language used in the classrooms on our campus and of
sexual harassment.
Are these events related? At what point do we see such
events as symptomatic of cultural pathology, rather than
random acts of violence or humorous jokes? Diana Russell,
a sociologist, sees acts of these kinds along a continuum
of terror that women are forced to live with every day of
our lives. The national columnist Don McGillivray recently wrote "Lepine's slaughter of women was not the act
of a madman but arose out of a society that tolerates male
sneers, discrimination and violence against women." This
may explain why 60% of Canadian women living in cities
feel unsafe walking alone at night.
As women, where are we safe? The CBC recently aired
a film called No Safe Place to commemorate the Montreal
massacre. The title poignantly describes a statistical reality for those of us who have been abused as children and/or
adults by immediate male family members in our own
homes. Neither street nor home is safe for most Canadian
girls and women.
North American universities have just begun to examine their responsibility in establishing acceptable standards
of physical and emotional safety for their students. The
University of Alberta could hardly be proud ofthe students
who chanted "Shoot the bitch" at a woman student who
had protested sexism among the engineering faculty. Nor
can UBC be proud of the students who wrote the Vanier
Such issues need very clear responses. We must apply
the same standards we would use if the target group were
Asian students, Jewish students or male students.
It is not enough to ignore hatred and ignorance; they
will not go away. In fact, they become more dangerous in
a tolerant climate. It is not enough to hope male university
students will grow out of it; violence occurs across all age,
educational and income levels.
Young women students need role models among faculty and administration to demonstrate that women are
capable and achieve excellence among the best and brightest. They also need women faculty and administrators to
publicly acknowledge the seriousness of sexist comments
and behavior as Mary Bryson did in the Globe and Mail.
Women need to be heard.
Young men students also need role models but for a
very different reason. Every time a man walks into a classroom as a teacher, he has an opportunity to demonstrate
respect, cooperation and compassion. Every time he uses
sexist humor or degrades or devalues women, he shows his
acceptance of a very frightening cultural pathology.
McGillivray wrote that real change will only come
when men refuse to tolerate ridicule of women and accept
women as equals. It is a time for reflection and a time for
vigorous change. Each of us must do our part in eliminating this continuing sadness. 4    UBC REPORTS Dec 13.1990
December 16-
January 12
MONDAY, DEC. 17   |
Paediatrics Research Seminar
Stucture-Function-Relationship Of Human
Aplipoprotein And A-1. Roger McLeod,
Pathology, UBC Research Centre. University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site D308
at 12pm. Call Gail or Dr. Skala at 875-
Cancer Research Seminar
Liposomal Doxorubicin
Pharmacokinetics Seminar. Leanne Embree,
Ph.D, Advanced Therapeutics Unit, BCCRC. BC
Cancer Res. Centre Lecture Theatre from 12-1pm. Call 877-6010.
TUESDAY, DEC. 18   j
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Regulation Of Hemopoiesis In
Human Long Term Cultures. Donna
Hogge, Terry Fox Lab; Assistant Professor, Medicine, UBC. Hennings 202 at
8:30am. Coffee at 8:15am. Call 228-
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
No conference today. Call the academic
office at 875-4646.
FRIDAY, DEC. 21     j
Obstetrics/Gynecology Weekly
Grand Rounds
Shaughnessy Hospital Gynecological
Service Morbidity And
Mortality Review. Dr. M.
Stephenson. University
Hospital, Shaughnessy
Site Lecture Theatre at
8am. Call 875-2171.
Pediatrics Resident Case Management
Hypoglycemia In Neonates. Dr. Carolyn
Davies, Dr. Karen Lannon. G.F. Strong
Rehab. Centre Auditorium at 9am. Call
AC. Ferguson at 875-2118.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
No conference today. Call the academic
office at 875-4646.
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaptr of tbe University
oT Britisn Cotanbta. ft is pub-
ISrfeMt ewry second Thursday by
&e UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 IVfenoral Rd., Van-
eoever, B.C,V6T »W5.
Tekpfcene 228-3131.
Advertising inquiries: 228-4775.
CeatrfbatarTCRoB Berke, Connie
fOctti, Abe Better, Cfcartes Ker,
ramkt Martn mi Garis Wilson.
For events in the period Jan. 13 to Jan. 26 notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no later
than noon on Wednesday, Jan. 2 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration
Building. For more information call 228-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published J an. 10. Notices exceeding 35
words may be edited.
Paediatrics Research Seminar
90/91 Series
Topic To Be Announced. Dr. Judith Hall,
Head, Paediatrics, UBC. University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site D308 at 12pm.
Call Gail or Dr. Skala at 875-2492.
UBC Percussion Ensemble
John Rudolph, director.
Free admission. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Call 228-3113.
Pharmacology Seminar
Hypercholesterolaemia: "Why All The
Confusion". Dr. David Seccombe, Pathology, UBC. IRC #1 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 228-2575.
Physics Colloquium
Squeezed Vacuum, Wig-
gly Light Beams And Other
Oddities. Mark Levenson,
IBM, San Jose, California.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call
FRIDAY, JAN. 11     j
Economics Departmental Seminar
Explaining Patterns Of
Unionization: Canada And
The US. Chris Robinson,
U. of Western Ontario.
Host: Prof. Craig Riddell.
Brock 351 from 4-5:30pm.
Call 228-2876.
MONDAY, JAN. 14    I
Cancer Research Seminar
Regulation Of The Human Alphafetopro-
tein Gene In Hepatoma. Dr. Taiki Ta-
macki, Medical Biochemistry, U. of Calgary. BC Cancer Res. Centre Lecture
Theatre from 12-1 pm. Call 877-6010.
Shop-ln-The-Garden Christmas
New from the UBC Botanical Garden:
table centres and wreaths (dried or green)
made by Friends of the Garden; seeds
from its plants, dried flower bouquets,
books, baskets, pots, tools and some gifts
for children. Open 11am-5pm at 6804
SW Marine Drive. Parking adjacent. Call
Carpool Matching
■■■■■■m Send both your home and
0%^M work addresses and both
llmXm telePnone numbers; your
^/£Hfl working   hours;  whether
^^^^^1 you have a car and if you
^^^^^^ smoke while driving, to
Karen Pope, Dean's Office, Applied Science. When a carpool match is found, the
information will be sent to you. Call 228-
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging from Women in Engineering to Small Boat Safety? More than 500
topics to choose from; most speakers are
available free of charge. Call 228-6167,
Mon., Wed., Fri., 8:30am-12pm.
Our Chiefs And Elders
Portraits of BC Native leaders, chiefs, chief counsellors and elders by Kwaguitl
photographer David Neel.
Continues at the Museum
of Anthropology. Call 228-
Fine Arts Gallery Exhibition
Strange Ways Here We
Come. Works by New
York artists Donald Moffet
and Felix Gonzalez-Tores
continues until Dec 22/90.
Tues-Fri from 10am-5pm/
Sat from 12-5pm at UBC Fine Arts Gallery. Call 228-2759.
Sports Medicine Study
Volunteers, female, age 18-35 needed to
participate in study on Exercise and the
Menstrual Cycle. Fit, healthy, having normal menstrua! cycles and not currently on
oral contraceptives. Physiological testing
provided. Allan McGavin Sports Med.
Centre, John Owen Pavilion, UBC. Call
Dr. Connie Lebrun 228-4045 or 980-6355.
School of Nursing Study
Volunteers needed for study of couples/
family adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis. Women and partners. Involves
interviews/response to questionnaire. Call
Dr. Ann Hilton at 228-7498.
School of Nursing Study
Couples are needed who are both in paid
employment (over 20 hrs/wk) and have at
least one child under eighteen months of
age. Involves filling out a questionnaire
twice (10 minutes each time). Call Wendy
Hall at 228-7447.
Psychiatry Depression Study
Participants needed for
research study using new
antidepressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-
65 years. Call Doug Keller
at 228-7318.
Psychiatry Personality Questionnaire Study
Volunteers needed to complete two 90-
minute sessions. Stipend, $20. Call Janice at 228-7895/7057.
School of Family/Nutritional Sciences Nutrition Study
Energy Metabolism. Female volunteers
needed, age 27-38 with no history of dieting. Must be able to attend UBC clinic
monthly for a short follow-up visit, for 1
year. Call Sara Pare 228-2502.
Counselling Psychology Retirement Preparation
Volunteers interested in planning their retirement needed for research project.
Discussion on retirement-related issues
included. Call Sara Cornish 228-5345.
Diabetic Clinical Study
Diabetics who have painful neuropathy affecting the
legs needed to volunteer
for 14-week trial of an investigational new drug.
Call Dr. Donald Studney,
Medicine, University Hospital, UBC Site at
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep
a daily journal (average 5
min. daily) for 4 months,
noting patterns in physical/
social experiences. Call
Jessica McFarlane at 228-
Psychiatry PMS Study
University Hospital, Shaughnessy site.
Volunteers needed for a study of an investigational medication to treat Pre Menstrual Syndrome. Call Dr. D. Carter at
Sleep Disorders Study
Volunteers 18-45 years suffering from
Chronic Insomnia needed for a study on
sleep-promoting medication (hypnotics).
Must be available to sleep overnight at a
lab for five nights. Call Carmen Ramirez
at 228-7927.
Hypertension in Pregnancy
Pregnant women, concerned about their blood
pressure, are invited to
participate. The study
compares relaxation training with standard medical
treatment (own physician).    Call Dr.
Wolfgang Linden at 228-4156.
Post Polio Study
Persons with polio needed for functional
assessment and possible training programs. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D., School
of Rehabilitation Medicine, 228-7392.
Multiple Sclerosis Study
Persons with mild to moderately severe
MS needed for study on exercise responses. Call Elizabeth Dean, Ph.D.,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 228-7392.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the
Department of Statistics to
provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on research
problems. Forms for appointments available in Room 210. Ponderosa Annex C. Call 228-4037.
Equipment Recycling
All surplus items. Every
Wednesday, 12-3pm.
Task Force Bldg., 2352
Health Sciences Mall. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject.
They are prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being sexually
harassed to find a satisfactory resolution.
Call Margaretha Hoek or Jon Shapiro at
Submissions On Race Relations
Have you had special experiences which will help
identify areas to promote
sound race relations? Are
there any special recommendations that you or
your department, unit or group may have
devised which will serve as effective models for reference? Submission deadline is
Dec. 15/90. Call Kogila Adam-Moodley,
Chairperson, Race Relations Committee
at 228-4315.
To find an interesting and
challenging volunteer job,
get in touch with Volunteer
Connections, Student
Counselling and Resources Centre, Brock 200.
Call 228-3811.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site,
Room 311 (through Lab Medicine from
Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Badminton Club For Faculty/
Thursdays from 8:30-
10:30pm and Fridays from
6:30-8:30pm in Gym A of
the Robert Osborne
Centre. Club dues, $15
plus library card. Call Bernard 228-6809 or 731-9966.
Duplicate Bridge
Every Wednesday except Dec 19/26. Informal game open to all. Admission of $2
per person includes coffee/snacks. Faculty Club at 7pm. Call 228-4865.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education and Recreation
through the John M. Buchanan Fitness
and Research Centre, administers a physical fitness assessment program. Students
$25, others $30. Call 228-4356.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
^■■■■■1 Located west of the Edu-
^Om cation Building. Free ad-
mjgt mission. Open year round.
IMr Families interested in ptarrt-
^ ing, weeding or watering
"^"^^ the garden, call Gary Pennington at 228-6386 or Jo-Anne Naslund
at 434-1081.
Botanical Garden
Open every day from 10am-3pm until Mar.
15/91. Freeadmission. Call228-3928.
Nitobe Garden
■^■m Open Monday to Friday,
jB|| 10am-3pm until Mar. 15/91.
nlf Free admission. Call 228-
f^T       3928.
Advertise in
UBC Reports
Deadline for paid
advertisements for
the Jan. 10 issue is
4 p.m. Jan. 2
For information,
phone 228-3131
To place an ad,
To: The Board of Governors
In June, 1989, the Senate and the Board
of Governors of The University of British Columbia adopted a Mission Statement. This
was accompanied by a Strategic Plan that
laid out a planning framework within which
each unit of the university would develop its
The document was entitled "Second to
None: Service through Excellence." The
objectives laid out in the Strategic Plan clearly
indicate that the university is committed to
maintaining and strengthening its position as
one of a limited number of national universities in Canada and to reinforce its role as one
of the best universities in North America.
One of the stated objectives was to "work
for the equality of opportunity for qualified
candidates by enabling them to overcome
non-academic barriers, whether they be social or financial limitations, or barriers of disability."
The tuition recommended has explicit
goals i) to ensure that qualified students are
not precluded from attending the university
because of financial limitations and ii) to ensure that the university maintains and enhances its support of the teaching and learning environment.
As we address the question of university
tuition fees, we consider first the principles
that should be reflected. The following are
the governing principles for the proposed UBC
tuition fee increase.
1. Tuition fees and financial aid must be
responsive to financial needs so that no otherwise admissible student is denied the opportunity to attend university solely for financial reasons.
2. Any substantial increase in tuition fees
must be accompanied by commensurate attention to financial aid policy and to continuing the commitment to maintaining and enhancing the quality of education available to
students in the university.
3. Students and their families benefit from
a university education and can be expected
to bear a reasonable proportion of the cost of
that education.
4. Any substantial change in the proportion
of the cost to be borne by students should be
phased in over a period of years.
5. Tuition fees and financial aid should be
reasonably predictable for a student entering
a program at UBC, at least for the normal
duration of the program.
Financial Aid Policy
Credit tuition fees account for about 15%
of UBC general purpose operating revenue.
Consequently, students contribute a modest
proportion of the cost of their education. A
significant proportion of students and their
families are able to afford a greater share of
the actual cost of a university education.
However, some students are unable to afford
even the current level of tuition fees let alone
an increase. A university financial aid policy
must ensure that this group is not disadvantaged and, if possible, that access is improved rather than compromised.
Some years ago the Australian government eliminated tuition fees at universities in
an attempt to ensure that students from all
socioeconomic backgrounds could more
December 13, i990
Dear Colleague:
The following report, submitted to the Board of
Governors for consideration, recommends tuition fee
and student aid guidelines for 1991/92 through 1993/94.
I urge you to discuss the report with your colleagues
and feel free to forward any questions or comments.
Yours sincerely,
David W. Strangway
easily attend universities. The results of this
change were analyzed and monitored at intervals of several years. Remarkably, the elimination of tuition fees had no effect whatsoever on the socioeconomic mix. What became clear was that the system of relatively
low tuition was explicitly a benefit to the more
affluent since they were the ones that continued to attend university in disproportionate
numbers. Sweden has no fees, but students
from high income families are more likely to
choose university courses than are those
from low income families who often choose
non-university courses.
It is well established from this experiment that the socioeconomic mix of students
does not vary much from among those jurisdictions that have no tuition, to those that
have low tuition to those that have moderate
tuition such as most Canadian universities.
Significant differences from province to province, for example, are not a determinant of
the participation rate in any significant way.
A sharp rise in tuition fees in Quebec universities in 1990/91 has not deterred students
from attending university and it was already
known that there would be a further sharp
rise in 1991/92. A higher tuition fee paid by
those who can afford it, with a portion of the
tuition income used to support those who
cannot afford it, can ensure better equality of
opportunity. Our policy on financial aid will
be that no student who is otherwise admissible to UBC will be unable to attend because
of financial reasons alone.
The principal financial barrier to attending university is not the tuition, but is the need
to live away from home and to incur substantial living and transportation costs. For this
reason in particular, UBC is proud to be a
supporter (and in some cases a partner) of
degree-granting opportunities in Kelowna,
Kamloops, Nanaimo and Prince George. In
this action alone, the provincial government
has made local access readily available to
more than half a million residents who will no
longer have to leave home to attend university.
The implication of the foregoing is that
enhancement of financial aid policy should
be concurrent with any major change in tui
tion fees, particularly if the change entails a
large increase in fees. Financial aid at UBC
is substantial and is administered ably by
conscientious staff members. Nevertheless,
it cannot be said to constitute a comprehensive and coherent program (see Appendix 1).
It is always a difficult problem to determine financial need. However, both the federal government and the provincial government have developed sophisticated approaches to making this determination. These
are described in Appendix 2 and the university policy will build on these well established
procedures rather than create a new and independent approach. The university will
continue to press for fair and reasonable
changes to the parameters used by government in making these assessments.
In support of goals noted above, we,
therefore, recommend that the tuition increase
in each of the years 1991/92 to 1993/94 be
set at the year over year Vancouver CPI (as
at December 31 of the preceding year) plus
4.5%. The selection of a three-year planning
horizon is important to the university and the
Rationale for Recommendation
The basis for this recommendation is as
A. Operating Costs
There has been much restructuring at
UBC in the past few years as a result of
effective cuts in operating grants in the early
to mid-1980s. The effect of this has been to
lead to improved efficiency in many areas
such as telephones, energy savings, custodial services and many others. But, there
has also been a reduction in the quality of the
teaching, learning and research environment.
Operating grants in the past two to three
years have led to improvement in this environment, but there are still many things to be
done to be sure that students, both undergraduate and graduate, have the best possible environment for learning.
The overall cost of operating universities
will, for the next few years, be above inflation.
The cost above inflation results from four
i) The bulge of hiring of new faculty in the
1960s, in response to government pressure,
has led to few retirements in the intervening
years. This pattern will be unchanged until
late in the 1990s.
When faculty members retire, their salary is used for two purposes: i) to hire a
junior professor at a lower starting salary and
ii) to create a pool of funds to provide the
merit driven increases that are used in universities in lieu of promotional increases. In
an equilibrium, this component would be fully
funded. But, like all universities across North
America, retirements will remain low for the
next few years and there is a severe income
shortfall to fund the merit increases. With a
facultyof 1,800 we would expect a normal
retirement rate of 60-90 a year. We will
not reach that level until the turn of the century.
At present, it costs 2% of the faculty
salaries and benefits budget (50% of the
university operating budget) to make up this
shortfall. Since this item is 50% of our operating budget, it alone accounts for a need for
a 1 % increase in the operating budget above
inflation in the immediate future.
ii) The goods and services that are used by
the university have costs that can also be
shown to be above normal inflation rates.
This includes items such as library books,
equipment which is becoming increasingly
sophisticated, supplies used, for example, in
laboratories, increased need for access to
computers, and legal fees.
iii) Non-academic salaries and benefits account for about 32% of our operating expenditures. Many of these salaries, because of
low or no increases during the restraint period, are below their appropriate comparative
marketplace group.
iv) There are steady increases in the regulatory environment in which we must operate. This includes items such as occupational health and safety, employment equity
and the creation of an office to handle the
effect of the GST.
For the university to continue to operate
and provide its present level of service requires support at CPI + 2% for 1991/92 and
1992/93, but we expect at a decreasing rate
over the following years.
The restructuring of the past decade has
been extensive. A stable operating environment would permit individual units, especially
academic units, to have an incentive to carry
out further adjustments without fear of giving
up any improvements made to meet overall
university-wide reallocations.
B. Enhanced Student Aid and
Improved Teaching and Learning Environment
A further need seen by the university is
to substantially increase its bursary support
to be sure that good students who would not
otherwise be able to attend or to remain at
UBC is provided. At present, there is a very
good provincial student aid package but there REPORT ON TUITION RECOMMENDATIONS
are still needs over and above these that
need to be dealt with. The following recommendation is based on the continued existence and improvement in the provincial plan.
It should be noted that a student completing
his/her four year program within five years
will be forgiven all but $12,000 of any outstanding provincial loan. (See Appendix 2 for
a description of the policy.)
The university already provides substantial aid through a combination of endowment
funds, operating funds, and research funds
as well as ensuring that students compete
fully for awards administered outside the university (see Appendix 1).
The following steps will be taken in this
i) Increase the overall student tuition
as shown in the table each year. Of this, a
portion will be used to enhance student aid
for students needing the assistance and a
portion will be used to enhance the teaching
and learning environment.
ii) The present emergency bursary
fund (which was funded two years ago and is
being enhanced by a return of a share of
parking fines) will be administered on a simple,
fast turnaround, short- and medium-term loan
basis. A steering committee of the director of
student aid, the two student members of the
Board of Governors and the immediate past
student members of the board will form a
steering committee.
iii) University support through increasing its need-based bursary program will be
enhanced to provide the difference between
the BCSAP loan and the total assessed need.
The effectiveness of this will be part of each
year's budget submission and each year the
incremental amount allocated will be rolled
into the base  budget on  a continuing
iv) A task force will be struck immediately to recommend a process by which all
student part-time employment opportunities
on campus are offered to those in greatest
need of even further financial aid, assuming,
of course, they are effective employees. This
recommendation will be presented to the administration by August 31, 1991 with full implementation scheduled for the 1992/93 academic year.
The objective of the financial aid policy
is to ensure that no student who otherwise
meets the high admission standards of UBC
is denied the opportunity to attend for financial reasons.
The following table shows the breakdown of how the fund will be used in each
This amount is over and above the Vancouver CPI as determined December 31 of the
preceding year.
In 1991/92, we have recommended a
move to a more broadly based unit tuition
fee. This unit fee will greatly simplify tuition
management, but will in itself lead to a redistribution in the fees otherwise collected. We
will, therefore, increase some fees while reducing others to cover this cost, but with no
net income or loss to the revenue.
As in the case of the student aid fund,
the enhancement fund will be budgeted each
year and presented to the board for approval
and directly reflect teaching needs. Each
year, this amount will then be added into the
continuing base budget in the following year.
These needs can be in any of a wide range of
areas (faculty positions, libraries, undergraduate equipment and supplies, department supplies and expenses, etc.).
% Distribution
Above inflation
GPO expenses
Student Aid Fund
Enhance Teaching
and Learning
Environment Fund
Non-academic and Non-financial Barriers to Access
Even with the availability of extensive financial aid, many apparently able students
do not choose to attend university. In some
cases, this is the outcome of a thoughtful
consideration and the alternative is fulfilling
to the individual and socially and/or economically productive. In other cases, it is the
outcome of social barriers, of the lack of
encouragement from family or community,
the lack of direct experience or any basis on
which to identify with the university. All of
this may be exacerbated by the perception
that insuperable financial barriers exist.
In adopting the Mission Statement, we
made a commitment to "work for equality of
opportunity for qualified candidates by enabling them to overcome non-academic barriers, whether they be social or financial limitations, or barriers of disability." In addition to
enhancing financial aid, we have created units
designed to deal with social and physical
barriers to participation. These include the
School and College Liaison Office, the Office
of Women's and Gender Issues, the Disability Resource Centre, the Multicultural Liaison
Office, and the First Nations House of Learning. A diversified base of support has been
essential to these developments.
The credit course tuition level for the period 1991/92 to 1993/94 be increased annually by CPI in Vancouver (based on the annual increase to the previous December 31)
plus 4.5%.
It is intended that this approach be used
as guidelines for tuition determination beyond the initial three-year period since it will
take some years to fully develop the needed
enhancements to the student aid fund and to
the teaching and learning environment enhancement fund.
Anurous? o
The university's financial aid presently includes the following elements:
• 5,500 students receive $27 million in federal and provincial student loans and
• 1,700 students receive $2.2 million in scholarships.
• 1,400 students receive $1.4 million in bursaries.
• 500 students receive loans (This is in addition to the AMS Emergency Loan
Program which serves approximately 50 students).
• 750 students receive part-time employment through the disbursement of $1 million
in a work-study program.
• 500 graduate students receive $4.5 million in fellowships.
• More than 1,000 graduate students earn over $6 million in program-related employment as Graduate Teaching Assistants.
• Many graduate students obtain program-related employment as research assis
tants funded by faculty members' research grants. This totals $8.8 million.
• Many students, particularly undergraduates, obtain part-time employment in such
units as the library, housing, food services, athletics and recreation, the bookstore,
and the AMS.
Financial support for students comes from many different sources: federal and provincial governments; University General Purpose Operating Funds; endowed scholarships, fellowships and bursaries; research grants and contracts; and campus ancillary enterprises.
• The university has more than 800 specific purpose trust and endowment accounts
for scholarship and bursary awards.
• As of March 31,1990, endowment capital totalled $40.5 million, $17 million for
graduate awards and   $23.5 million for undergraduate.
• Endowment for financial aid is growing through the fundraising campaign, other gifts
and bequests and through a special board decision to allocate $100,000 annually
from parking fine revenue to build a $1 million endowment for emergency aid to students.
Over the past three years, need based student aid from all sources has increased by slightly more than four million dollars. Measured against BCSAP assessed need, this represents an increase in support from 89% of assessed need in
1987/88 to 93% of assessed need in 1989/90. It is anticipated that this ratio will increase to approximately 95% in the current session. This represents a 19% increase
in total support/BCSAP recipient from $4,830 in 1987/88 to $5,742 in 1989/90.
Detailed information is provided below.
1. B.C. Student Assistance
The following is a summary of Winter Session data with respect the B.C. Student
Assistance Program:
Academic Year
Assessed Need
$BCSAP        %Need Met    BCSAP*
Over the past three years, the B.C. Government has increased many of the
BCSAP living allowances, and, at the same time, increased the award ceilings for
individual students. The impact of increased allowances (including increased tuition)
is reflected in the column headed 'Assessed Need". Increases in the "$BCSAP" column largely reflect the effect of the increased award ceilings. To the extent that Assessed Need is reflective of student costs, the program has made some significant
APIP«MIBll» Jill   ammil'dt
gains in meeting education costs. This is reflected in the column"% Need Met". The
BCSAP figures do not include students who are applying for assistance through other
provinces. It is estimated that there are approximately 750 out-of-province aid recipients receiving an additional $2.8 million.
Although the Awards Office uses Assessed Need as the basis for determining
eligibility for other forms of assistance such as bursaries and Work Study, a note of
caution is required. It must be recognized that for many students, the BCSAP allowances reflect a minimum standard of living, and the program anticipates resources
such as parental contribution and summer savings which are frequently not forthcoming. In addition, many of the allowances for married students or students with families
are established by the federal government and have not been increased since 1984/
85. The federal government has hired a consultant to review the allowances and
other matters affecting their program.
2. Other Assistance
a) Bursaries
Bursaries are funded from three sources (operating funds, income from endowments, and annual donations), and individual awards are subject to change from year
to year. Historically, operating funds have been used as a buffer to ensure that need
based assistance from all sources is delivered in a planned manner, one that does not
fluctuate radically from year to year.
Over the past three years, the number of bursary applicants has decreased from
1,988 in 1987/88 to 1,368 in 1989/90. The lower number of bursary applications reflects in part, the improvements to BCSAP. There appears to be a slight increase in
the number of applications received in the current session. For several years, bursaries have been allocated under a formula which attempted to meet a total of 85% of the
student's assessed need in a combination of BCSAP and bursary funds. In 1989/90,
this figure was increased to 90%. It is anticipated that this ratio will increase to approximately 95% in the current year.
While for the past three years the average bursary has remained at slightly over
$1,200, the average BCSAP award has increased from $4,305 to $5,240. (The average BCSAP award for the current session is $5,643.)
b) University Loans
Although generally known as "Emergency Loans", this name is really a misnomer. Approximately half of the university loans are used to provide short term (60
days) funding pending receipt of government assistance documents. The demand for
this assistance depends largely on the ministry's turnaround time for BCSAP documents and the activity is concentrated at the beginning of each term. (The BCSAP
turnaround time ranges from 6 to 12 weeks for "regular" applications and is frequently
considerably longer for appeals and cases requiring special consideration.) The remaining loans are of a longer duration and may be repaid over the summer or following graduation, depending on the students' circumstances. Due to increased BCSAP
turnaround times, the number of advances against government assistance documents appears to have increased significantly in the current session. The university
loan summary is as follows:
c) Work Study
Work Study is largely a provincially funded program, but operating funds have
been used to fund a small program for out-of-province aid recipients who do not
qualify for B.C. assistance. Work Study is used to offset the lack of student and/or
parental contribution, meet costs which are not adequately recognized by BCSAP,
and meet need over the BCSAP ceilings. The Work Study Summary is as follows:
$ 867,000
$ 992,633
d) Turnaround Times
As indicated above, students frequently experience long delays in connection
with BCSAP and the other aid programs. Delays of up to 12 weeks in processing
documents are not uncommon. In addition, the programs have become increasingly
complex both for the students and the Awards Office staff. Students often need to see
an advisor in order to determine the appropriate funding options. Advising staff is
limited, and the front counter enquiry staff is often unable to deal with the complexity of
the individual student's situation. This year the Awards Office was able to reduce
some of the pressure for short-term assistance by deferring tuition fees for all students
who applied for BCSAP by June 30th. (Although the first disbursement coincides with
the first day of the term, financial institutions can take as long as ten days to release
funds to the students.)
This, of course, will be resolved in the coming year since all fundraising aspects
of this office have been transferred to the Development Office, thus freeing up two
positions which have been explicitly designated to fill this need.
The parental contribution concept was incorporated into the Canada Student
Loans Program (CSLP) shortly after it was initiated in 1964. Although in the ensuing
years the expected levels of parental support have been adjusted, the criteria for
establishing Group B status or "independent" have not been altered in any significant
way. In general, all applicants are classified as Group A ("dependent") except those
who meet at least one of the criteria establishing Group B ("independent") status. Students establish Group B status by meeting one or more of the following criteria:
a) The applicant will be married before the last day of the month in which classes
begin. Applicants who are separated, divorced, widowed, or single parents are
included in this category.
b) The applicant has been out of secondary school for 48 months.
c) The applicant has spent two periods of twelve consecutive months each in the
full time labour force.
d) The applicant has no parent, guardian or sponsor (parent, guardian or sponsor
has died or disappeared).
e) The applicant is a ward of the court.
Approximately one-third of the UBC applicants for BCSAP fall into Group A category.
The principal elements in the determination of the amount of expected parental
support are the income of the parent(s), the size of the family unit, the number of
students attending post-secondary institutions and whether the parents reside in the
same area as the post-secondary institution the student will attend. The federal table
does not consider the age of the parents (i.e., proximity to retirement) nor does it consider the differences in the cost of living from one part of the country to another.
The CSLP establishes basic levels which the provinces must use in assessing
students for federal loans. The provinces have always been permitted to adopt more
stringent rules for assessing eligibility for CS Loans, and are able to adopt different
rules for their own provincial assistance programs. The 1984 Provincial Task Force
recommended that the concept of Parental Contribution and the amounts of assistance expected be reviewed.
Although the CSLP parental contribution policies permit the consideration of
assets, the final determination for this issue rests with the provinces, and there is little
consistency. B.C. assesses an additional contribution if the net assets (excluding the
family home) exceed $150,000.
While the criteria for independence are frequently challenged, from my perspec
tive the real problem is the unrealistic levels of parental support which are expected.
Unfortunately, many parents seem to feel that the expected contribution is something
that the university has developed and this misconception causes a real strain on our
front counter staff and others. At the present time, appeals against parental assessment are the largest single issue in connection with BCSAP.
The parental contribution tables were last revised in 1984/85. The following
examples of expected parental contribution may be of assistance. All examples are
based on 8 month term. Income figures represent gross income.
a) Single income of $30,000; 3 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $1,122.
b) Single income of $40,000; 5 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $1,666.
c) Double income of $50,000 ($35,000 and $15,000); 4 persons in family - two
students in post-secondary; both students attending an institution away from
home community - the expected parental contribution is $2,975 for each
d) Single income of $60,000; 5 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $7,684.
e) Single income of $20,000; 3 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $0 with an educational expense of $816 allowed as a
contribution towards room and board at home.
f) Single income of $30,000; 3 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $0 with the family being expected to provide room
and board at home.
g) Single income of $40,000; 5 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $374 with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home.
h) Double income of $50,000 ($35,000 and $15,000); 4 persons in family - two
students in post-secondary; both students living at home - the expected parental
contribution is $1,173 for each student with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home.
i) Single income of $60,000; 5 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $6,392 with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home. THE  UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
This Royal Commission has been
asked to examine many aspects of our
provincial health-care system. My focus
is the relationship of the University of
British Columbia with its affiliated teaching hospitals, and the contribution we
and they, working together in complementary partnership, can make to patient care and to education and research
in the health sciences. My goal is to
reinforce this partnership, thus improving our health-care system by facilitating
what each of the partners does best.
As President of a University where
every kind of health professional is
trained, where the faculties of Medicine,
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences and
the School of Nursing have forged formal affiliations with hospitals in the Lower
Mainland and created co-operative relationships with others more distant, I envision a time when British Columbia will
be increasingly known around the world
as the home of a great health-care and
health-caring centre.
Academically driven and clinically
fuelled, such a centre will be deeply and
inextricably linked with the needs of the
immediate community and the entire
province. It will embrace the finest of
general and specialized medical care. It
will offer superb education for physicians
and other health-care practitioners. And
it will foster world-calibre research in the
health sciences, leading to life-saving
medical interventions, to life-enhancing
care of the disabled and, in the long run,
to an understanding of the societal and
environmental factors that determine the
health of our people.
When current UBC research is clinical reality, patients will come here for
injections of engineered genes to control
or conquer inherited diseases. Others
will come for artificial organ transplants
for which they will need no toxic drugs to
suppress their immune systems. Still
others will receive revolutionary liposomal
drugs targeted to specific sites, such as
cancerous cells.
In these research areas, to select
only three of many possible examples,
UBC is already in the forefront nationally
and internationally. The fundamental
techniques of genetic engineering now
in use around the world were developed
by UBC scientists. Canada's first formal
university centre devoted to organ transplant research combines a network of
basic science laboratories at the Vancouver General Hospital campus site and
at the UBC campus. And a UBC scientist
has been a key figure in the research on
liposomes and in the development of
their commercial applications.
While we are working for a tomorrow when basic science research will
prevent disease, we live in a today made
better by UBC initiatives. Hospital stays
for bum patients, for example, have been
reduced by the use of a cultured-auto-
graft technique researched in our Division of Plastic Surgery. As the result of
research in the Division of General Surgery, the incidence of failure following
kidney transplantations here in B.C. is
one-third that of the American average.
December 13,1990
Dear Colleague:
The following report has been submitted to the Royal
Commission on Health Care and Costs on behalf of
I encourage you to read the report and consider the
important issues that have been put forward.
Yours sincerely,
David W. Strangway
Our Divisions of General Surgery and
Radiation Oncology have developed new
techniques for conservative surgery and
radiation therapy for early breast cancer.
Since most of these treatments can be
done on an out-patient basis, hospital
costs for mastectomies are reduced.
My vision of a major health centre is
rooted in reality. The essential elements
are already in place in British Columbia.
The province has a university, UBC, that
as well as operating faculties of Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences and
Dentistry and a School of Nursing, has
schools of Rehabilitative Medicine, Audiology and Speech Sciences, Family
and Nutritional Sciences, and Social
Work. Beyond these evident resources,
the University has numerous other departments that contribute significantly to
teaching and research related to health
care: Clinical and Counselling Psychology, Chemical and Electrical Engineering, Economics, Food Science, Chemistry, Botany, Microbiology and Zoology.
Many inter-disciplinary undertakings
draw on the expertise in these departments. Our newly formed Biotechnology
Laboratory funded by provincial funds
for excellence is a joint venture of five
faculties (Science, Medicine, Applied
Science, Agriculture and Forestry) and
is already recognized as the best biotechnology program in Canada. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, built to a large
extent upon the outstanding work in the
field in the Chemistry Department, has
moved from this base to clinical application.
Teachers and researchers in these
faculties, schools and departments share
our dedication to achieving international
stature. It is UBC's aspiration and theirs
to become, in the words of our recent
mission statement, Second to None.
The University has recently taken
the initiative to create a number of important units as a result of perceived need.
Among them are:
• An inter-faculty program in Occupational Hygiene — a campaign project
supported by the Workers' Compensation Board and B.C. government matching funds.
• A planned centre for neuroscience
based on campaign gifts and government matching funds.
• A Centre for Applied Ethics based
on campaign gifts and matching funds.
• A Centre for Health Services and
Policy Research, including a Technology Assessment Unit, under a director
reporting to the Academic Vice President and building on multi-disciplinary
strengths at UBC.
• A Disability Resource Centre and
The Rick Hansen National Fellow to
ensure equality of opportunity and access for the disabled — supported as a
campaign project by the federal and provincial governments and by private donors.
• A number of endowed chairs and
professorships in related areas (Arthritis,
Cardiology, Health Promotion, Clinical
Pharmacy, Special Education, Dyslexia,
Medicine, Surgery, Pediatric Infectious
Dieases, Viral Diseases of Children and
others) — funded as campaign projects
by private donors and B.C. government
matching funds.
The province also has three general
and four specialized teaching hospitals
that are affiliated with the University.
These hospitals provide first-rate, technologically advanced patient care, as well
as offering health-care professionals rich
opportunities to teach and undertake
applied research in the delivery of health
services. We are proud of successful
joint University-hospital ventures: the Eye
Care Centre at Vancouver General Hospital; the Vaccine Evaluation Centre at
Children's Hospital; the Pulmonary Research Centre at St. Paul's Hospital,
among so many others. As a province
we can be proud of hospitals where the
first successful in-vitro fertilization in
Canada was accomplished; where a
leading North American bone marrow
transplantation program has been established; and where, for the first time in
the world, robotics were used in a surgical procedure.
This University and B.C.'s tertiary-
care hospitals function in symbiosis. Each
needs the other, but each has its own
mandate. While hospitals play a part in
teaching and research, they have the
responsibility for and lead the way in
patient care. While the University plays a
part in patient care, it has the responsibility for and leads the way in teaching
and research in the health sciences.
In order to fulfil their roles, University
and hospitals have forged a complex
collaborative arrangement. Of the 17
department chairmen in our Faculty of
Medicine, 11 are based in a hospital
where they direct both the hospital's and
the University's activities in their specialized fields. Most teaching-hospital staff
doctors have UBC clinical faculty appointments. Many full-time professors in
the Faculty of Medicine and others in the
School of Nursing and the Faculty of
Dentistry combine their teaching duties
with clinical services to hospital patients.
The contribution to health care that
UBC makes by providing clinical services has not been recognized in this province as it has in other Canadian jurisdictions. Universities in Ontario, for example,
are reimbursed by the Ministry of Health
for treatment and rehabilitation services
provided in hospitals by their faculty
members. Because we are not reimbursed for our contribution to clinical
services, it has been estimated that the
University has been underfunded for its
contribution to patient care by $9 million
on an annual recurring basis. This level
of subsidy from the University is an unacceptable burden to the University.
UBC and the teaching hospitals are
a geographically distributed, co-operative, collaborative unit in which the hospitals are responsible for patient care
and the University is responsible for
education and research. The provision
of teaching and research space in hospitals must be set within the priorities for
hospitals. In order to achieve the greatest complementarity and the least duplication among the teaching hospitals,
each must plan its space for education
and research within the framework established by the University's plan for
programs of education and research.
Our teaching mandate in the health REPORT TO THE ROYAL
sciences is unquestioned. At our several
campuses, at the Point Grey site and in
various hospitals, we teach doctors,
dentists, pharmacists, nurses, audiologists, and occupational and physical
therapists — the professionals most
clearly associated with the direct delivery of health-care services. We teach
psychologists, social workers, and nutritionists — those who provide complementary services to the public. We teach
chemical and electrical engineers, and
basic scientists — who go on to make
fundamental contributions in research
and development. And we teach economists, epidemiologists, sociologists and
biostatisticians whose research in health
policy and population health evaluates
present services and practices and examines ways of enhancing health outside the health-care system.
Our research mandate is also indisputable. No other institution in the province does as much health-sciences research nor does it as well. UBC has
dedicated itself to excellence in research.
Ofthe $90 million in grants and contracts
the University received last year, more
than half went to biomedical and healthcare research. Subjected to rigorous peer
review, research projects at UBC rate
highly on national and international
scales. Certain basic-science projects
have been selected for special national
• The Federal Government has established National Centres of Excellence,
which are cross-country, inter-disciplinary
networks of scientists whose projects,
reviewed by an international jury, represent the very best in Canadian research.
Six of these networks involve the health
sciences. UBC investigators were chosen to work in all six and to lead the
research on Bacterial Diseases, the
Genetic Basis of Human Disease, and
Protein Engineering.
• The most prestigious award given
by the Medical Research Council of
Canada is a group grant. The MRC has
funded only 13 groups in the country,
one of which is the five-member Regulatory Peptide Group in UBC's Department
of Physiology, which is demonstrating
the vital importance of peptides in the
control of gastroentero-pancreatic function.
While the Medical Research Council funds many individual UBC investigators, it has selected three inter-disciplinary undertakings at UBC for five-year
program grants:
• Co-investigators in the Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Faculty of Medicine have received $2.7 million to study the kinetics, effects and
toxiocology of drugs during pregnancy,
the newborn period and childhood.
• Awarded $6.1 million, a UBC/
TRIUMF team is using Positron Emission Tomography to study the mechanisms of pathogenesis in neurological
diseases with the hope of discovering
and finding ways to treat pre-clinical
• Three investigators in the Faculty
of Medicine and the Faculty of Arts have
$2.1 million to study the biology of the
neurotransmitter dopamine as it relates
to diseases such as Parkinson's and
While it is tempting to focus on the
high-tech interventions of curative medi
cine, research at UBC also proceeds on
behalf of the chronically ill, the disabled
and the institutionalized. Such efforts
often originate in disciplines other than
medicine. Electrical engineers at UBC,
for example, are Canadian leaders in
designing portable, computerized warning devices for the hard of hearing, and
are helping to develop a phonetic computer keyboard for the blind and dyslexic. Practitioners in our Faculty of Dentistry have made it a priority to study and
teach the management of oral diseases
in the aged, the hospitalized and the
medically compromised patient.
At the same time, UBC scholars in
various fields seek an understanding of
the relationship of lifestyle, environment
and even national character to illness,
while evaluating health policy and developing methods of promoting health. In
order to bring together the many disciplines needed to take on these tasks, we
have created an Institute of Health Promotion Research, which is funded in part
by the provincial government.
In addition, the Canadian Institute
for Advanced Research's Program in
Population Health, which is seeking to
devise a broader intellectual framework
for appropriate questions about the determinants of health, is led by a UBC
health economist and has three other
UBC scholars on a 17-member team.
Health-sciences research is a major
industry that supports the provincial economy. Our faculties of Medicine, Dentistry
and Pharmaceutical Sciences, and our
School of Nursing generated nearly $45
million in sponsored-research funds last
year. (It is interesting to note that the
cost of the University allocation to these
areas is roughly the same amount.) The
Faculty of Medicine alone has averaged
a 12 per cent annual growth in research
funds in each of the past three years. It is
our goal, as expressed in our Mission
Statement, to double our research income from governments and the private
sector by the year 2000.
Most research money comes from
sources outside the province, and most
of it is spent inside the province. A typical
research grant earmarks 55 to 65 per
cent for salaries, which are spent within
B.C. on day-to-day essentials; another
20 per cent is spent on materials, half of
which are purchased in the province.
The Science Council of British Columbia estimates that every dollar expended on research and development
returns $17 to the economy. Using that
formula, we can project that last year our
external research funding in Medicine,
Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dentistry and
Nursing will be amplified to roughly half a
billion dollars for the province.
An example of the multiplier value
of research is the potential for healthcare and biomedical projects to create
spin-off industries and on-going jobs. In
the last decade alone, seven B.C. biomedical companies, which had their
origins in research at UBC, have created
117 jobs and now have multi-million-dollar annual revenues. Our policies pertaining to the acquisition of patents and
licences and to the creation of spin-off
commercial companies have been the
model for other universities. They should
guide future health-sciences research in
the province.
Our success in attracting research
money can be a mixed blessing. In Canada, grants from national agences are
given in aid of research, with no provision
for indirect costs, such as space and staff.
These costs, which are real and substantial, are often assumed by successful grant
applicants to be something their university will cover. However, because of the
way universities are funded in British Columbia, we have no source of income to
cover costs created by research projects.
At times we have had to consider if we
could afford to accept a research grant.
Ironically, the more succesful we become
in attracting grants, the more starved is
our supporting infrastructure. Now, however, with the establishment of the National Networks of Centres of Excellence
Program, a breakthrough has been made
for research in this province. Our own
Ministry of Advanced Education, Training
and Technology has made $20 million
available for support of the research
centres headquartered in this province.
This is money well spent. If we can build
an infrastructure to support research, we
can become even more competitive in
seeking grants, in the long run bringing
more money into the province.
If we in this province are to capitalize on the demonstrated ability of basic
science research to enrich the economy
and to cut health-care costs, we must
focus the research that is conducted here.
The Federal Government, industry and
private individuals have recognized the
importance of drawing geographically
distributed scientific colleagues into cooperative units. In B.C., we must not allow health-sciences research to fragment.
We cannot fritter away our precious research dollars on unco-ordinated and
unreviewed projects. In simpler times, the
pace of discovery was slower. But today,
when knowledge is growing exponentially,
no person or institution in B.C can proceed alone. We have reached a level of
sophistication where funding decisions are
complex and peer-review is essential. If
British Columbia is to become increasingly known for its great health centre, if
we are to to take advantage of the economic potential of health-care and biomedical developments, we must concentrate our efforts and give responsibility to those best suited for it.
I have spoken of the plethora of
basic science research conducted at
UBC. It is true that medical science still
has many puzzles to solve. But it is apparent that medicine faces fresh challenges: over the next 10 to 20 years, its
concerns will increasingly become environmental, social and economic. Our
health-care systems will demand the
expertise of epidemiologists, sociologists
and economists to deal with such problems as changing hospital utilization patterns, environmentally caused cancers
and the aging of the population. In many
areas of social policy, we need to increase the participation rate, but the basic objective of a successful health-care
system should be to reduce the participation rate by keeping people out of increasingly expensive hospitals.The range
of programs, the intellectual ferment, the
inter-disciplinary co-operation to solve
these problems are resident at UBC. Only
the University of British Columbia has the
base necessary for the leadership that
will place this province in the forefront of
health-sciences research and keep it
The University of British Columbia
and its affiliated teaching hospitals form a
constellation of institutions which must
work together if British Columbia is to
maintain and enhance its standards in
patient care, education, and research in
the health sciences. The teaching hospitals have the primary responsibility for
patient care and the University has the
primary responsibility for education and
research. Given the nature of teaching
hospitals and the University, these functions will be linked inextricably. Nevertheless the effective functioning of each
institution depends on the mutual recognition of complementary roles and responsibilities. Our plan to serve British
Columbians more effectively suggests
the following framework to ensure the
necessary action.
1. The University of British Columbia
must be reimbursed for all the clinical
services it provides to the teaching hospitals and to the health-care system, as
are universities in other Canadian jurisdictions.
2. In planning capital construction, the
University is pleased to work with the
teaching hospitals that incorporate in their
spending plans and within hospital priorities the necessary space for education and research. Operating costs for
such space have already become the
responsibility ofthe hospitals. The provision of such space should become a
hospital priority for which the hospital
provides the necessary capital funding.
This capital planning must be consistent
with the University's plans for teaching
and research in its multiple locations.
3. In order to ensure uniformly high and
fully competitive standards, all research
in the health sciences (whether on the
UBC campus or in an affiliated teaching
hospital), should be subject to University research policies and to the highest
possible level of peer review.
4. Since research is the direct responsibility of the University, all research contracts whether on the campus or in an
affiliated teaching hospital setting should
include provision for indirect costs (overhead), and liaison with industry should
follow the highly successful University
policies and procedures, including those
pertaining to the acquisition of patents
and licences and to the creation of spinoff commercial development in order to
ensure maximum return to the province.
5. An amount equal to two per cent of the
provincial health-care budget should be
set aside for research specifically aimed
at the reduction of health-care costs. The
continuation of such a program should
be subject to periodic (quinquennial)
review and conditional on proven savings in the health-care system that offset
or more than offset the provincial investment (i.e. spend money to save money).
6. There should be an increased emphasis on research, policy development and
pilot projects in health policy and health
promotion with the objective of reducing
the incidence of hospitalization.
7. Incentives should be created to encourage hospitals and other health-care
institutions and agencies to decrease admissions to hospital. This could include
approaches such as increasing ambulatory care and out-patient clinics, and enabling people to take responsibility for their
own health. Local and system-wide
objectives and targets should be established to assist in achieving these
8. Increased emphasis should be placed
on education, research and practice in
those health-care professions whose
members provide therapy, training and
counselling for the chronically ill and disabled, allowing them to lead more satisfying and productive lives.
With such a framework fully in
place, the province can move towards
truly world-calibre education and research in the health sciences. Facilitating the potent collaboration of the University of British Columbia and its affiliated teaching hospitals within this
framework will secure unexcelled health
care in this province while simultaneously reducing demands on the public
purse. 10    UBCREPORTS Dec 13.1990
New institute will facilitate
research on health promotion
UBC is helping to write a new chapter in health care with the establishment of an Institute of Health Promotion Research.
The Institute will provide a focus
for interdisciplinary research and development in health promotion, while
accelerating the wide variety of related
research efforts already in progress at
Health promotion, as defined by the
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
of 1986, is the process of enabling
people to accept responsibility for and
to increase control over the maintenance and improvement of their own
In addition, it will spotlight new
work on the nature and determining
factors of health, the epidemiology of
health, the techniques of health education and the economics of health.
'The Institute will also be concerned
with the appraisal of health risk, the
training of health educators and the
modification of behavior," said Dr.
John Milsum, acting director of the
"Other goals for the institute are to
foster ties to both the public and private sectors concerned with health
promotion in Canada and abroad, and
to be a resource for developing countries interested in promoting health and
evaluating health promotion policies,"
he added.
Academic staff with interests that
complement the goals of the institute
will be drawn from several schools
and departments on campus to serve as
faculty associates.
Another major component of the
institute is the multidisciplinary Masters and Doctoral programs currently
being developed. Offering training in
heath promotion and research, these
graduate programs will evolve from
the consensus of needs among the disciplines involved with the institute, Dr.
Milsum said.
Milsum said research into the phi-
losphical and spiritual aspects of health
and healing, and the integration of traditional and innovative methods of
health care, may also be featured.
"The concept of a natural healing
force has been with us since antiquity," said Dr. Milsum. "As individuals, we and only we, have the power to
self-heal, but we must have an underlying wish to do so. A robust will is
necessary to stimulate our ability to
heal ourselves."
Dr. Milsum said the institute represents UBC's continued commitment
to excellence in health care, and he
praised the university's leadership role
in accepting this broader concept of
Core funding for the Institute of
Health Promotion Research has been
received from the B.C. Ministry of
Health. Contributions have also been
made to a Professorship in Health
Promotion as part of the UBC fundraising campaign, A World of Opportunity.
Study published in international journal
Sex as exercise leads to good health
UBC psychologist Susan Butt
says sex as a form of exercise
within committed partnerships
may lead to good health, well-
being and longevity.
But scientists are neglecting
to examine parallels between sex
and exercise, she said, delaying
advances in the understanding and
encouragement of good health
and well-being.
Butt explains that this 'ostrich
effect' is due largely to the margi-
nalisation of sex research and sex
researchers who have worked in
the field.
"In the past, there was also
concern of censorship and often
great difficulty in publishing
books on sexuality," Butt said.
"And the authors themselves were
often burdened by the distorting
values of their times, passing on
much inaccurate information."
Butt's study, based on a comprehensive review of the
literature dealing with the subject, appears in a recent issue
of Sports Medicine, an international scientific journal.
She said many couples pass through the first stages, or
passionate love stage of relationships, in three or four
years. As they enter a long-term committed partnership,
compassionate love replaces passionate love and sexual
Photo by Media Services
Susan Butt holds copy of Sports Medicine.
activity may ideally continue as
a form of exercise, recreation and
fun, within the exclusive relationship.
"Sex may be the most basic,
| intense and frequent form of
physical exercise," Butt said. "It
is a biological response which
has much in common with
Canada's top-ranked female
tennis player in the 1960s, Butt
listed the similarities between fitness activities and sex as muscle
tension, breathing control, rhythm
and timing.
In particular, the muscle rigidity that occurs during orgasm
is also necessary for outstanding
athletic feats.
"Jumping, gymnastics, tennis,
football—indeed almost all
sports—require muscle tone,
focus, strength and sometimes
strain, as does sex," Butt said. "They also require skill and
Periods of rest and relaxation ideally follow both exercise and sexual activity. She notes that over-exertion in sex
behaviour, just as over-training in sport, has been known to
result in exhaustion or injury.
Butt recommends moderation and balance in both sex
and all fitness activities.
Photo by Media Services
Dr. Barer believes new centre will establish a focal point for research.
Health Research
Centre approved
A Centre for Health Services and
Policy Research has been approved by
UBC's Senate and Board of Governors.
The centre will be a focal point for
research at UBC on health policy,
population health, health human resource planning, health services research and health care technology assessment.
"The centre's primary goal is to
facilitate the development of first-class
research teams, able to bring innovative, inter-disciplinary approaches to
bear on questions in these increasingly
important areas," said Morris Barer,
director of the centre.
The centre will provide advice and
assistance to provincial and federal
policymakers, and will complement the
educational and research activities of a
variety of UBC departments—most
notably, the Department of Health Care
and Epidemiology.
"The centre's development represents expanded opportunity for our
students to work with centre associates
on research projects related to our degree programs," said Dr. Sam Sheps,
head of Health Care and Epidemiology.
Other faculty associates are being
drawn from the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, the Department of Economics, the School of
Nursing, the School of Social Woik
and the Department of Pediatrics.
In addition, current research projects ofthe centre involve collaborators
from other centres in Canada, the
United States, Europe, Israel and Australia, as well as several provincial
teaching hospitals and the Victoria
Health Project.
Barer noted that there is increasing
provincial, national and international
interest in the areas of interest and
expertise in the centre.
"Establishing a clear focal point for
research at the university will assist
with attracting the faculty support necessary to enhance UBC's ability to
serve as a provincial resource in these
areas," said Barer." A centre environment also facilitates the recruitment of first-rate researchers to
Funding sources for the centre include the B.C. Ministry of Health, the
Woodward's Foundation, the National
Health Research and Development
Program, the Canadian Institute for
Advanced Research, the B.C. Health
Care Research Foundation, the Science
Council of B.C., the Commonwealth
Fund (U.S.), the National Centre for
Health Services Research (U.S.), the
Vancouver Foundation and the Fed-
eral/Provincial/Territorial Deputy
Ministers of Health.
The centre is also part of the UBC
fundraising campaign, A World of
Opportunity, which has designated $ 12
million for health research and teaching.
"A major objective will be the continued development of the databases
resident in the centre, which are already recognized as one of the richest
health-related research and planning
resources anywhere in the world,"
Barer said.
The centre will also house Health
Human Resource and Health Policy
Research units and the B.C. Office of
Health Technology Assessment The
latter will provide support for students
interested in undertaking research in
these areas and will co-host the 1992
International Conference on Health
Technology Assessment.
Pair of power problems plunge campus into darkness
Murphy's Law reared its unpredictable head on campus last month in the
form of, not one, but two power
outages yhich have left UBC's director of plant operations with his fingers
"The university is operating at 100-
per-cent electrical capacity," said
Chuck Rooney. "However, if we get
hit with another power failure, we'll
be in a vulnerable position because of
a circuit breaker that is being repaired."
On Nov.21, at approximately 11:40
a.m., electrical power was interrupted
to all campus buildings, with the exception of TRIUMF and some facilities in the south campus area. Work
crews jumped into action and discovered that one of the two transformers
that serve the campus had shut
"Under normal operating conditions, the second transformer would
have kicked in automatically," said
Rooney. "However, on that day, the
second transformer was being serviced. To restore power to the university, the second transformer was energized and power was restored at ap
proximately 12:45 p.m."
Rooney recalled that the last time
the university was hit by a power
failure was three years ago, on a Sunday, when the campus was quiet and
the impact wasn't as evident. However, this was a Wednesday and as it
turned out, Rooney and his plant
operations staff weren't out of the
woods yet.
After repairs were completed to the
piece of equipment that caused the Nov.
21 power interruption, electricians
worked to re-energize the transformer
which had originally been affected by
the equipment failure. During that
procedure, the transformer that was
supplying power to the university shut
down because of an electrical fault.
The result: another blackout, this one
on Nov. 26 at approximately 10:45
a.m. Partial power was restored
within about two hours and all campus
buildings were back on line by 4:00
"When the lights go out, our immediate concerns are the safety of the
campus population and the operations
of the university as a whole," said
The main problem Rooney and the
plant operations team now face is a
damaged circuit breaker. Because the
parts required to complete repairs must
be manufactured, it won't be until about
Dec. 21 that the university has both
transformers in operation. However,
to guard against the possibility of an
extended power interruption until repairs are completed, Plant Operations
has made arrangements for the necessary materials to be on hand for temporary repairs to be made should
they be required for emergency operation. UBC REPORTS Dec 13.1990
Preliminary plans for Green College approved
The preliminary design of Green College has
been approved by the UBC Board of Governors.
This is expected to lead to a residential graduate
college at UBC named in honor of Cecil Green.
Green's gift of more than $7 million to UBC's
fundraising campaign, A World of Opportunity,
and matching funds from the provincial government, have made the college possible.
John Grace, Dean of Graduate Studies, who is
chairing an advisory committee to establish policies for Green College, said he sees the project as
an opportunity to attract graduate students from
around the world in a way that will enrich the
entire UBC campus.
"Green College should not be a place where
just a few lucky people get to live," said Grace.
"It must offer a sense of community, where the
residents will be representative of the entire graduate student population of the campus, with a focus
on interdisciplinary activities and close integration with the academic community as a whole."
Green College will also be the base of the
Cecil and Ida Green lectures.
Although the university will look at other
Graduate College models, like Green College,
Model of future UBC graduate college to be named in honor of benefactor Cecil Green.
Oxford and Massey College, Toronto, Grace       UBC.
stressed that Green College, UBC, would offer a "Green College will be a home for graduate
"westcoast flavor," one that would be unique to       students who possess both academic excellence
and a willingness to participate in the university
community," said Grace. In addition, couples
would be included if they could become part of
the fabric of the college. To make this all work,
however, fees should not be substantially higher
than campus fees of regular residences."
Grace said the architecture should not only
reflect the special nature of westcoast design, but
also possess the qualities of grace, beauty and
Plans are for Green College to be situated at
the northern tip of the campus, adjacent to Cecil
Green House. The College grounds and those of
Cecil Green House would form a single, integrated landscape. Entrance to both buildings
would be from a realigned Cecil Green Park road.
Pedestrian pathways would connect the College
to East Mall and Main Mall.
Grace said if all stages of planning are implemented, Green College could open its doors in
September, 1993. Two advisory committees are
currendy active, one focusing on academic policies, the other on architectural plans.
"Green College will strive for an openness that
will bring an enriching, new dimension to UBC,"
said Grace.
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NOTARY PUBLIC: for all your Notarial Services including Wills, Conveyancing and Mortgages, contact
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You did it! Thanks
We're over the top!
The UBC United Way campaign has surpassed its goal of
$240,000 and at press time, campaign workers were still counting
the pledges coming in.
Jim Richards, Dean of Agricultural Sciences and chair of this
year's drive, credited a team of
200 campus volunteers for the
campaign's success.
"Our achievement is the result
of the dedication and hard work
of our loaned representatives, Cecelia
Knowles and Edith Luck from the
Development Office, our advisory-
operations committee, our 18 area
campaign coordinators and the many
representatives and canvassers who
made sure the message got out to individuals," said Richards.
He also thanked the 1,600 UBC
faculty and staff who generously supported the campaign, and several student groups that donated through vari-
It's Yours
ous fundraising activities.
Richards, who is stepping down
as chair, said it was a gratifying
experience to head this year's campaign.
"I met and worked with so many
caring and committed people from all
segments of the campus community.
It's also good to know that our contributions will have a real impact on the
quality of life in the Lower Mainland. I
want to sincerely thank everyone
who worked on or supported the
campus campaign."
Dick Meyers, chair of the 1990
United Way Lower Mainland
campaign, also extended his
thanks and congratulations to everyone at UBC who helped make
the campus campaign a tremendous success.
"Under the leadership of Jim
Richards and his team, you set
yourselves your most ambitious
goal ever," said Meyers.
"Your great achievement in reaching that goal is a success our whole
community will share, as your donations are translated into services for
people who need them. Truly, you care
about your community. Thank you
again for an outstanding effort."
In all, UBC's participation rate
was 20 per cent. A total of 235 new
donors over the previous year pledged
their support to the 1990 campus
Wt^Whotographicstaff at UBC<Med*ia Sermces
WQUld liktio wish off their valued customers
best Irishes for a very Happy & Peaceful
Holiday Reason. 12    UBC REPORTS Dtc 13.1990
$6.1 million from MRC
UBC gets largest ever medical research grant
A UBC research team has been
awarded $6.1 million by the Medical
Research Council of Canada to study
Parkinson's disease, Amyotrophic
Lateral Sclerosis—better known as Lou
Gehrig's disease—and Huntington's
It is the largest medical research
grant ever received by UBC.
The multi-disciplinary team directed by Dr. Donald Calne, Head of
Neurology at University Hospital's
UBC site, will focus on the process of
selective nerve cell death in the motor
pathways of patients afflicted with
these diseases.
Dr. Calne and his colleagues will
also investigate why the same groups
of nerve cells degenerate in normal
"These diseases are becoming more
frequent as life expectation increases,"
said Dr. Calne. "Their prevalence is
also rising within the elderly population."
Parkinson's disease is a progressive, degenerative, neurological disorder with symptoms that may include
tremor and muscular stiffness and rigidity. Patients can experience depression, slowness in movement and difficulty with balance, walking, speech
and swallowing.
There are an estimated 100,000
Canadians suffering from Parkinson's
Photo by Media Services
Dr. Donald Calne heads multi-disciplinary research team looking into several neurodegenerative disorders.
Lou Gehrig's disease is characterized
by muscular weakness and atrophy and
is often accompanied by spasticity.
Approximately 25,000 people across
the country are afflicted with Lou
Gehrig's disease.
Current medical research indicates
that an environmental factor may be
the cause for both Parkinson's disease
and Lou Gehrig's disease. So far, there
is no cure for either disorder.
Another primary focus of the research will be on the early detection of
degenerative disorders of the motor
Using Parkinson's disease as an
example, Dr. Calne said there is reason
to believe that the brain is damaged for
many years, perhaps several decades,
before the onset of symptoms. Latent
stages may also precede Lou Gehrig's
In contrast to Parkinson's,
Huntington's disease has a clearly defined genetic origin which produces
abnormal movements and a progressive decline in mental function. About
50,000 Canadians have Huntington's
Because of its known cause, its
onset in adult life and its steady,
slow progression, Huntington's disease allows useful comparisons to
be made with Parkinson's disease and
Lou Gehrig's disease, said Dr.
"It is possible that in all three disorders, excessive excitatory activity occurs in the central nervous system," he
explained. "Furthermore, such disturbed nerve cell activity may be amenable to new drugs which will be investigated during the study."
The team of 11 full-time and eight
part-time researchers will work in a
special administrative location provided by University Hospital President
Wayne Keddy and UBC's Dean of
Medicine, Dr. Martin Hollenberg. This
major commitment to the study gives
the group status comparable to a university department.
"It's wonderful that University
Hospital has pledged the space," said
Robert Miller, Vice-President, Research. "Mr. Keddy has been
enormously supportive and cooperative on the entire project. He took time
to address the MRC site committee,
confirming his support for which I am
very grateful."
The MRC grant covers a five-year
term and has generated additional
commitments of $2 million from public and private sources.
The enterprise will be named the
Neurodegenerative Disorders Centre.
Liaison office works hard
to bring students to UBC
Photo by Media Services
Mary Stott displays some materials used to attract students to UBC.
They are among the best that B.C.
high schools have to offer. But offers
from Canadian universities outside the
province almost had these Grade 12
scholars heading east
Instead, Steven Gribble, Matthew
Rektor and Marko Riedel are UBC's
first National Scholarship winners.
"We fully expect some good students from B.C. to choose universities
outside nie province," said Byron
Hender, UBC's Director of Awards
and Financial Aid. "But we also want
a reciprocal flow of bright students
from B.C. and across the country to
consider us as well."
The National Scholarship Program
was introduced this year as part of a
new UBC initiative aimed at attracting
bright students within B.C. borders and
beyond. But Hender added that while
scholarships may provide some financial incentive, they are only part of a
much bigger effort underway to make
UBC a preferred choice among Canadian universities.
Enhancing UBC's public profile has
been Mary Stott's job since 1987 when
she was hired to direct the newly established School and College Liaison
Stott said in many provinces there
was a lingering notion that UBC was
not interested in considering out-of-
province students for admission. She
added that, even in its dealings with
B.C. students, the university was perceived as being indifferent.
"We now work very hard to convey
our genuine interest in prospective students," said Stott. "The emphasis to
day is on prompt, friendly, personalized service."
Earlier this month, Stott took UBC's
personal touch out of province and
spoke to a gathering of about 150
people from 49 selected schools in the
Toronto area. She plans to hold similar information sessions with interested students and parents in Calgary and Edmonton in the new year.
Apart from independent efforts made
by the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, Stott's
Toronto trip was UBC's first official
foray east to spread the university's
And it would appear students in
other provinces are getting the message loud and clear.
Scholarship applications from outside B.C. doubled to 140 from last
year. Overall, the percentage of first-
year students from outside B.C. has
risen from just over seven to 12 per
cent since 1987. Hender said the numbers will likely rise as scholarship and
outreach programs expand to include
university and college transfers and
international students.
More than 300 first-year undergraduates accepted scholarships for
1990-91, in excess of $600,000. However, this year is the first time UBC has
mailed scholarship information to
every high school in the country. In the
past, inquiries from outside the province were handled on an individual
It was also a first for UBC to target
gifted students from other provinces
for early admission. Among the first-
year scholarship recipients were "outstanding" students from across Can-
New rental housing
facility for junior
faculty by next fall
A new rental housing project for
junior faculty should be completed
by next fall. Construction ofthe $7.2-
million development is to start in
January, at the comer of Acadia Road
and Fairview Crescent.
"Apart from the high cost of off-
campus housing, there is a compelling need for young faculty to be
close to laboratory and research space
at all times," said UBC Treasurer
Bryon Braley.
Braley added that UBC expects
to make an estimated 100 new appointments each year for the next 10
Once developed, the two-acre site
will include 114 one-, two- and three-
bedroom apartments, a day-care service and small outdoor play area Rents
will range from between $650 to
$1,050 per month.
The apartments will be housed in
two separate buildings, two- and
four-storeys high, with each apartment having one outdoor parking
space. The length of tenancy agreements has yet to be determined.
Subsidized under the B.C. Rental
Supply Program, the new project is
part of UBC's Faculty Assistance
Housing Program. The UBC initiative also provides mortgage down-
payment assistance consisting of a
$10,000 grant or a $25,000 interest-
free loan for new faculty members
who want to buy a house. Starting
Feb. 1, the program will help new
faculty secure a graduated-payment
mortgage. University officials are
looking into the possibilty of having
pension contributions diverted into
a mortgage plan.
New faculty currently renting on
campus are housed in 21 townhouses
in Acadia Park.
ada who graduated with 90 per cent or
better. These students received offers
in March, which included $1,500, unconditional acceptance, guaranteed
housing and letters of welcome from
the president and a dean.
Back on the homefront, the liaison
office provided orientation programs
on campus last summer for some 1,400
new students and 500 parents from
across the country. Throughout the
year, the office arranged and conducted
campus visit programs for more than
40 secondary school groups, introduced
a Friday campus tour program for individual students and hosted more than
125 people at its second annual coun
sellors information day.
To further heighten UBC's profile,
Stott introduced a colorful UBC poster
in 1988 as well as six editions of
TUUM EST, a newsletter for B.C.
schools and colleges. A second newsletter, Blue and Gold, was launched
last year and was circulated to all UBC
All these new initiatives augment
UBC's flourishing school-visit program. The program keeps four liaison
officers on the road during the winter,
seven days a week, meeting with prospective students and counsellors in
over 215 B.C. ligh schools and 15
public colleges.


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