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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Oct 23, 1986

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President hosts top students     J\,6S6cirCll©rS   ]fi
Nearly  50  of UBC's   top  first-year  students were
the guests of President  David Strangway recently at
*■-    a reception at Norman MacKenzie House.
Twenty of the students were winners of $2,500
Chancellor's Entrance Scholarships, awarded on the
basis of scholarly achievements in high school. Holders
who maintain a first—class average or stand in the
top 10 per cent of their UBC class will be eligible to
have the award renewed for a further three years of
* Also at  the reception were  23 students who were
^    awarded    President's     Entrance     Scholarships,     each
worth $2,000. Holders who maintain a first—class
average or stand in the top 10 per cent of their class
will be assured of a minimum of $1,200 in scholarship
support for a further three years of study.
Other reception guests were the 1986—87 winners
of the  Mount  Pleasant   Branch  177  Royal  Canadian
* Legion   Scholarship,   worth   up   to   $5,000,   and   the
* $4,500 Bert Henry Memorial Scholarship. Both awards
are renewable for three years if the winners maintain
a first—class average or stand in the top 10 per cent
of their class.
Library school celebrates
"♦ UBC's School of Library, Archival and Information
Studies will celebrate its 25th anniversary on Nov.l
by honoring the first director of the school, Prof
Sam Rothstein, who retires at the end of this year
after a 50—year association with UBC as a student,
teacher, researcher and administrator.
The Samuel Rothstein Distinguished Lectureship
series will be inaugurated by the dean emeritus of
library science at the University of North Carolina,
Prof. Edward G. Holley.
% His 5 p.m. lecture on Nov. 1, entitled "Scholarship,
. Leadership and the Technological Society," at the
Ramada Renaissance Hotel will precede a 7 p.m.
banquet that will conclude with reminiscences and
entertainment by Prof. Rothstein and special guests
Neal Harlow, former UBC librarian, and Basil Stuart-
Stubbs, the current director of the school, which
opened its doors in 1961.
- Tours delight tourists
Campus walking tours were so popular this
summer they brought people back for more. One
woman enjoyed herself so much, she returned twice
with different groups of friends each time.
UBC Community Relations tour guide Yusuf
•» Nurani gave over 170 tours, showing off the campus
site and buildings to more than 1,200 visitors. That's
more than twice as many tours as last year and
double the participants. Aside from the more visible
attractions such as the Rose Garden and TRIUMF,
one stop for out—of—town tourists was the board
room at the Vancouver School of Theology which
offers a spectacular panorama of the ocean.
* Nurani said flexibility was the key in choosing the
tour route. Secondary school groups wanted to get a
feel of the university they might attend in th:- fall,
convention delegates often wanted to find out about
outdoor concerts and sports facilities. For senior
citizens or handicapped people the walking distance
was considerably shortened.
y4        This year's campus explorers ranged in age from 4
fc       to 89  years  and  came  from  all  over  North  America
^.     and overseas.  l.aey included Expo visitors, elementary
school     students,     people     in     language     immersion
programs, and even a louring school choir.
New library patent service
UBC   will   establish   a   new   service   to   search   out
* patent   information   with   a   $500,000   grant   awarded
+     under a federal—provincial agreement  on science  and
technology development.
Joining the staff of the UBC Library on Nov. 1 to
initiate the service will be Ronald Simmer, a librarian
with patent searching experience. It's expected the
service will be in operation by the end of November.
UBC's assistant librarian for public services, Bill
Watson,  said  the  patent—information  service  will  be
* the first and most extensive to be located at a
Canadian university. The service is expected to stimulate practical research in science and lead to more
patentable discoveries, he added.
(Mr. Watson said the service would provide
"information" searches with the primary objective of
improving access to patent literature. He emphasized
that the service would not provide a "legal" search
such as would be carried out by a patent attorney,
who would determine whether or not an invention or
for Hodgkins disease
UBC cancer researchers are convinced they have a
better treatment for advanced Hodgkin's disease.
The National Cancer Institute of Canada is in the
midst of a five—year, nationwide trial to test its
"We are confident that our treatment will have
the same cure rate or better than the drug treatment
now used, while exposing patients to less toxicity for
a shorter period of time," said Dr. Joseph Connors.
Dr. Connors is the major co-worker of Dr. Paul
Klimo, creator of the new treatment. Both are
members of UBC's Faculty of Medicine and the
Cancer Control Agency of B.C.
Advanced Hodgkin's disease is a form of cancer
thought to arise from the lymphocytes, a type of
white blood cell that fights the spread of infection
and is responsible for immunity. In Hodgkin's disease,
these cells grow rapidly in a variety of abnc.mal
forms and the body has fewer normal lymphocytes to
fight infection.
"All cases of advanced Hodgkin's disease are
treated with chemotherapy, using anti—cancer drugs
to kill the cancer cells," said Dr. Connors.
"The standard chemotherapy treatment of
Hodgkin's  disease  was  developed  in  the  U.S.  in  the
1970s. It's referred to as MOPP and cures about half
of all patients.
"About 10 different drugs can be used against the
disease but they can't be used all at once because of
toxic side—effects. MOPP uses four drugs.
"An improvement was developed called ABVD
which added four more drugs. In this regimen,
patients receive the four MOPP drugs for one month,
then the four ABVD drugs for a second month, then
the MOPP cycle is repeated.
"Our regimen, called the hybrid chemotherapy
program, uses seven drugs all at once. We've discarded the drug with the worse toxic side—effects,
allowing us to increase the amount of one of the
remaining drugs, and we administer the seven drugs
in every cycle of treatment."
The hybrid regimen takes eight months to complete compared with 12 months for the MOPP and
ABVD alternation.
Dr. Connors said the alternating MOPP-ABVD
program cures slightly more than 75 per cent of
advanced Hodgkin's disease patients.
The nationwide trial compares the MOPP-ABVD
and the Vancouver hybrid regimens. Dr. Connors said
the trial will continue for another two to four years.
Pat   Buchannon,   Assistant   Director   of  Student   Housing   records   the   names   as   Dr.   Cyril   Finnegan
pulls   out     another winner in the  United  Way early bird draw.
United Way draws winners
Over 400 donors to the United Way campaign had
a chance to win one of 30 prizes in an early bird
draw last Wednesday. In a short ceremony, Dr.
Cyril  Finnegan,   chairman  of  the   UBC   United   Way
process is patentable.
Some of the grant will be used to subsidize
searches made on behalf of faculty, research staff and
students at B.C.'s three public universities.
A primary source of patent information are data
bases that provide basic information on the more
than four million patents issued by the U.S. Patent
Office and more than a million issued by the
Canadian Patent Office.
The $500,000 allotted to the UBC project until
March, 1990, will be administered through the
provincial ministry of international trade, science and
committee, drew the lucky pledge cards from a box
placed at the Cairn. Prizes included green fees for
two at the University Golf Club and vouchers for the
Christmas    Bake     Shop. UBC     President    David
Strangway took a walk across campus to present four
of the prizes personally.
All donations received before the campaign closing
date, October 31, will be eligible for the Final Draw
on November 5, 12:30 at the cairn. And the prize-
—Dr. Strangway will be taking those four winners out
for lunch.
The UBC United Way committee wants to
increase campus participation this year to 15 percent.
Last year 11 percent, just over 600 people, donated
$94,000. The Canadian Union of Public Employees
(CUPE) has already pledged $500 and plans to match
each contribution from a union member up to $5. IF  YOU   ASK  ME...
An interview with Les Reed
Lea Reed, one of Canada's leading
forestry figures, joined UBC in 1984
after a successful career in government
and the forest industry with organizations such as Weyerhaeuser Canada
Ltd., the Council of Forest Industries,
the B.C. Ministry of Forests, the Prices
and Incomes Commission in Ottawa
and the U.S. Forest Service. He served
as Assistant Deputy Minister in charge
of the Canadian Forest Service from
1980 to 1983, and has consulted on
forestry problems in more than 30
countries world—wide. In this interview
he discusses the need to produce more,
and better, foresters in Canada.
UBCR: After five years with the
government and 26 years in the forest
industry and international consulting,
why did you become an academic?
Reed: I think there should come a
time when you look at the years you
have left in your career and ask where
you can make the most impact. I
hope to make a lasting impression on
forestry, and this can't be done by
spending all my time with industry
people downtown.
A good place to generate change in
the industry is with the graduating
classes in forestry. If I can infect
young foresters with enthusiasm and a
sense of resonsibility to their profession,
my impact on forestry in the 1990s will
be far greater than any impression I
might make on officials in government
and industry.
UBCR: A few years ago jobs were
scarce for forestry graduates. Is this
still the ease?
Reed: No.     B.C.     is     facing     a
substantial shortage of foresters in the
next few years for several reasons.
To begin with, a large group of
foresters who entered the profession
right after the war — people now
holding key positions in the industry —
— are retiring. The forest profession is
like an unmanaged forest stand —
we have an abundance of old trees and
a shortage of younger trees and
seedlings. We have to train foresters
to fill that gap.
Secondly, we need more foresters
because forest technology is advancing
so rapidly. Forestry isn't as simple as
it was 20 or 30 years ago — we're
not simply training loggers anymore,
we're training silviculturalists and
scientists. Canada's going to need its
brightest young people out there in
forestry science if we're going to catch
up with competing countries like
Sweden, Finland and the United States.
Finally, enrolment in Forestry is
down right across the country. "We at
UBC have only one large class left, and
they're due to graduate in 1987. After
that, the number of graduates will be
only half that of previous years. This
reduction in graduates makes job
opportunities good for the students, but
will not meet the demand for foresters
if opportunities continue to improve as
they have in the last year.
We'd make better use of our
forestry budget in this province if we
hired two or three times as many field
foresters as we have now. You don't
save money by cutting off professional
opportunity for skilled young people.
The only way the industry is going to
advance is by getting graduates with
the latest knowledge and technology
into the research laboratory and out
into the field.
UBCR: Is hiring more foresters
Reed: Of course it is. Take the
area of reforestation for example. The
province spends millions of dollars on
reforestation programs each year.
Foresters here at UBC and in the industry are working on new technology
to increase the survival rate of
seedlings.     If we  can  improve  seedling
survival by just 10 per cent, it would
save B.C. $20 million a year. That
kind of investment in people and ideas
pays off. The opposite course is what
I call "jumping over a dollar looking
for a nickel".
Les Reed
UBCR:   What   do   you   see   as   the
forest industry's biggest problem right
Reed: My    biggest    concern    for
foresters today is their inability to
communicate with the lay public.
Foresters have to be able to go out
into the community and articulate what
forestry is about. There are a lot of
misconceptions and concerns about forest renewal out there because foresters
are ineffective in expressing their views.
UBCR: Why it this?
Reed: First of all it has to do with
the type of person who is drawn to the
forestry profession. A person attracted
to this field generally shrinks away
from the rough and tumble of debate.
Most foresters are reflective, introverted
types who prefer the solitude of nature
to mixing with other people.
UBCR: How does this' inability to
communicate harm the industry?
Reed:     Pll  give  you  a  specific  ex— t
ample.   Foresters  are  losing  the use  of.
chemical   herbicides   because   of   public;
pressure.      Environmentalists  have  put
the   rush   on   foresters,   and   foresters
have failed miserably in explaining the
urgent need to use chemical herbicides
and why they have been registered as
safe to use.    The result is that we may j
have       to be satisfied with crops that
are half or three—quarters their poten— ■*
tial   size.      An   alternative  is   to  treat
brushy    sites    manually,    which    often
costs  several  times  as  much  as  using
chemical   herbicides.    Either   way    the
province    loses    out    because    foresters
back down when they should be out in ij
the   community   stating "their   position
and clearing up misconceptions.
UBCR: How would you change this
Reed:     I think  the university has a
major role  to play in making foresters *
effective    communicators    as    well    as .,
competent silviculturalists and scientists.
I  recently   took   an   informal  survey   of
the   elective    courses   my   fourth   year
students   had   taken,   and   I   was   distressed at  narrowness  of their educational   base.      You   can't   hold  people's  .
attention    and    share    your   vision    of
forestry  simply  by  talking science  and -•
statistics.      You've   got   to  be   able   to
capture   the   imagination   of  the  non-
forester  with   images  from  poetry,   art,
philosophy,   history   and   anthropology.
UBC    should    be    making    sure    that
foresters leave this campus with a sense  t
of history  and some  solid exposure  to
the arts, in addition to their training in *
science     and     technology. How     to
accomplish this in four years is admittedly a real challenge which is not
made easier by the demands of the
profession for technical competence.
But, if we don't do this, we're doing
a  real  disservice   to   them   and   to   all
those people whose lives are profoundly   v
affected by forestry.
Eliminate stress with REST
Over the years, few research teams
at UBC can claim as many successes
as those led by Prof. Peter Suedfeld',
who has pioneered the use of stimulus
reduction to help people stop smoking,
lose weight, eliminate tension headaches
and lower their blood pressure.
The success rates attained by the
UBC teams using REST — an
acronym for Reduced Environment
Stimulation Technique — are very
Up to 55 per cent of some groups
kicked the cigarette habit, some overweight people lost up to 25 kilograms,
and subjects reported a substantial
reduction in tension headaches after
REST treatment.
Prof. Suedfeld says REST has also
proved to be very promising in reducing high blood pressure. Currently, the
UBC team is using the technique to
help chronic insomniacs.
People chosen for REST projects
enter one of two chambers — a
soundproof, unlit room or a flotation
tank filled with an Epsom-salt solution.
In some studies, subjects receive
messages over an intercom system from
time to time. A recent innovation is
the use of telemetering equipment
which allows the research team to
monitor the physiological condition of
subjects constantly.
"REST," Prof. Suedfeld points out,
"is a last resort for most of our subjects. They want to modify their
behaviour but find that other methods
don't work. We've found that the
technique doesn't work for people who
don't want to change."
While Dr. Suedfeld agrees that there
is no one good theory to explain how
REST works, the technique enables
subjects to become much more attuned
to internal processes and feelings they
seldom pay attention to because of
environmental distractions.
If the behaviour—management
package is combined with treatment in
one of the REST chambers, the
research group has found that the data
show an effectiveness rate equal to the
sum of the two techniques used
Prof. Suedfeld says he has only one
disappointment after 25 years of using
REST. Despite its demonstrated
success, it's not available for patient
treatment and is confined to a few
research units in Canada.
"Canadians," Prof. Suedfeld points
out, "pioneered research in this technique and successive teams have shown
that it works in the treatment of a
variety of conditions.
"Both professionals and lay people,
however, continue to associate it with
torture and brainwashing. It probably
won't be widely used in Canada until
the generation of university-trained
psychologists and physicians which has
grown up with the technique set up
their own practices."
REST can be used to supplement
behavioural self—management techniques
that have a proven record of effectiveness. "For example, overweight
people are taught to eat always in the
same place, not to do anything while
eating that distracts them from the
amount they're consuming, wait before
having more food because of the delay
in the signals that say they're full, use
a smaller plate so the portion looks
bigger, that sort of thing."
The self-management  techniques are
UBC's   REST   team,   left   to   right,   technician   Lyle   Hamer;   psychology   professor
Dr.   Peter   Suedfeld,      Ph.D.     candidate  Elizabeth  Ballard,   currently   working  with
insomniacs;  REST  research   coordinator  Susan  Bluck;   and     Ph.D. student Jane
Mocellin, who works on the psychology of isolation.
taught to subjects during REST or just
before they enter the REST situation,
Prof. Suedfeld says, because there is
evidence that people forget less if they
enter the chambers immediately after
learning something. In studies dealing
with stress management, relaxation
training may be given.
Letters to the Editor are welcome.
Write to:    The Editor
UBC Reports
Let us know what's on your mind.
2 UBC REPORTS October 23,1986 IWfcl tuff ni1tll;:! Wit' Un
UBC plans giant fundraiser
For the past year, campus and
community leaders have been hammer—
ing out plans and policies for what will
become   the   most   extensive   campus—
- wide fundraising campaign in the
history of the university. It's due to
begin in 1988/89. One of the plans
slated for next spring is a market
survey. UBC      Chancellor     Robert
Wyman,       chairman       of      Pemberton,
f. Houston, Willoughby, will oversee the
survey which will establish the "internal
* and external climate" necessary to run
a major fundraising campaign.
As head of the study group, Wyman
will be a high profile volunteer representing UBC in the community.
"Everywhere I've travelled in Canada,
it I've been deeply impressed by the great
concern   and   support   that   people   have
* expressed for UBC." Wyman said.
"I'm convinced there exists a tremendous groundswell of support for this
The behind—the—scenes organization
for   the   campaign   will   be   handled   by
* the University Development Office
under Chief Development Officer and
Executive Director of the Alumni
Association, Dan Spinner. The office
also serves as a resource centre for
faculty and others who want more
information on managing a specific
fundraising     campaign. There     are
* currently     28     such     special     interest
,   campaigns on campus.
"One of the primary purposes of the
Development Office is to encourage
such enthusiasm and initiative, while at
the same time helping to strengthen
these campaigns." Spinner said. There
is a real need to establish a coordinated approach to major donors, he
<  added.
University development is a top
priority for UBC president, David
Strangway who initiated a President's
■i Advisory Committee on Development
Policy last fall. This group is made up
^ of university and community members,
with faculty and student representatives
soon to be announced.     Strangway has
New vaccine
~ kills bacteria
A bacteria that kills thousands of
people each year may have met its
match in a new UBC vaccine.
^ The vaccine successfully immunizes
mice  against   the   bacteria.   Drug   com—
- panies are interested in the research
and want to conduct clinical trials to
see if the vaccine works in humans.
"Our progress so far give us every
hope that we will succeed," said Dr.
Elizabeth Worobec, a member of the
UBC research team.
The bacteria is Pseudomonas
Aeruginosa. It is an "opportunistic"
bacteria present everywhere that causes
secondary infections in people who are
already ill. It usually attacks the lungs
and is often the cause of death in
^patients with such diseases as cancer
-■^, and cystic fibrosis.
The bacteria is highly resistant to
most commonly used antibiotics.
Dr. Worobec of UBC's Microbiology
Department said 17 strains of the
bacteria have been discovered.
"We have identified six molecular
-» structures called antigens on the cell
surface of every strain of the bacteria,"
she said. "We developed the vaccine
based on one of the antigens. Mice
injected with the vaccine develop
antibodies against the antigen which
f attack and kill any future invasion by
any strain of the bacteria."
Principal investigator is Dr. Robert
Hancock in UBC's Microbiology
Department. The research is financed
by the Medical Research Council,
Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council and drug companies.
emphasized that "while private dollars,
even at optimal levels, will never
replace adequate government support,
these funds can make the difference in
providing UBC with a margin of excellence that will be critical for our success over the next few years."
One of the Advisory Committee's
first tasks was to take a hard—nosed
look at where UBC stood in terms of
current fundraising and determine
whether it was ready to launch a
major     campaign. The     Committee
brought in experts from the University
of California, at Berkeley, to assess the
Their report said UBC was not
ready. The report did indicate that
"there exists a strong but latent
goodwill in the community". But it
warned that fundraising is the final
step in a long program of donor
involvement and cultivation, One of the
report's recommendations was to fully
involve faculty and administration in
planning and setting goals for
fundraising. Another was to have good
community relations in place before
before initiating a campaign.
The so called Berkeley Report was
widely distributed on campus as a first
step in gaining university input. It led
to the market survey. "There are
three reasons for a market survey,"
said Dan Spinner. "To let people know
you're coming, to test priorities, and to
test potential giving levels or goal setting. People want to donate to a cause
that is important and has potential for
success. We must be well organized
and know that our expectations are
realistic when we go to the public and
ask for contributions."
Spinner said special interest
campaigns are a good way to prepare
and test the market for a major
campaign. The     Germanic     Studies
department, for example, recently
started a drive to raise funds for a
$120,000 graduate fellowship. The
drive began with a donation from the
Eppich family of $50,000, and faculty
demonstrated   their   support   by   adding
Two  of the  key people  in  the   major fundraising  campaign  are  Academic   Vice
President Dan  Birch   (left)  and    Chancellor Bob  Wyman.
$1,600. Spinner maintains that campus
support from faculty and students goes
a long way towards ensuring a
campaign will be successful in the
After the market survey, the next
step is to establish priorities for a
major fundraising campaign. Academic
Vice-President, Dr. Dan Birch, will be
asking students, staff and faculty for
their suggestions and ideas in the next
few weeks, using an approach similar to
the one used last year for selecting
UBC's area of excellence. The general
categories    are: scientific     research,
expansion and maintenance of libraries,
faculty renewal, ' student aid, and
capital expenses.
Preliminary results are expected by
February next year. From this list the
Advisory Committee will draw up
possible priorities and test them in the
market survey. Not until then can a
project list be drawn up for the major
fundraising     campaign. This     "case
President reinforces
teaching commitment
"Each year you worry as you go off
to meet your first class. Is my
material really as good a I think it is?
Maybe I should have read that new
book or attended that conference to be
sure I know exactly what is happening
in the subject? Will I be able to
convey my excitement of the subject to
yet another class? Will they all drop
the course before the deadline date?
Did I really choose the right textbook?
Will they get the word and understand?"
These are some anxieties that run
through the minds of faculty at the
beginning of a school year, said UBC
president Dr. David Strangway as he
reinforced his commitment to teaching
in an address he gave to the West
Vancouver Rotary Club last, month.
Teaching is a big part of the scholarship and research of a faculty position,
Strangway said, and the part that most
directly serves people.
Strangway explained that on a
campus the size of UBC, which has
36,000 students and 2,000 faculty
members, it's easy to get lost in the
numbers. "This simple recital of facts
and figures about UBC paints a picture
of a giant and uncaring institution.
Have students simply become numbers
or units to be processed? We at the
university worry constantly about this
issue as do all large, urban universities."    Strangway said.
He reinforced the point that one of
the university's most critical roles is
the transfer of knowledge from faculty
to students. Experienced university
members pass on    career and life skills
Dr. Strangway
to the following generation, who must
learn to deal with an increasingly
complex    world. In    this    task    the
university takes it place alongside other
commuiiity institutions.
"It seems clear to me that the
support structures of advice and counselling, the assistance provided by
peers, the help of families and the
values of the churches are as important
as ever."    Strangway said.
"I have just participated in my first
graduation ceremony at UBC."
Strangway continued. "It was one of
the most rewarding experiences of my
life...The ceremonies focused on the
human side of the university and on
the joy of fulfilled ambition...After
months of struggling with budgets and
appointments, and funding and
formulae, I was reminded and reassured
that even a large university has a
human scale and dimension."
statement" of projects will be the one
that best serves the university's aims
and objectives and builds on its
In addition to gathering a priorities
list, the Development Office plans to
hold a series of workshops with deans,
department heads, faculty and administrators to familiarize them with
fundraising issues as well as keep them
up to date on the progress.
The university approach to planning
a fundraising campaign must be "clear,
comprehensive and participatory",
recommends the Berkeley Report. This
encourages the campus core to lend the
kind of genuine support necessary to
make a major campaign successful.
There are an enormous number of
pre—campaign activities necessary in
planning a major gifts campaign for a
university as large as UBC, said one of
the Berkeley fundraising experts, Kent
Dove. "After the momentum is created, it is then a matter of running
the race to the finish, a complex,
exciting adventure that will serve the
university well, both as it is done and
after it is completed." Dove said.
Executives return
Businessmen are returning to the
classroom, not to learn but to teach.
This year, three well-known B.C.
business leaders are executives—in-
residence in UBC's Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration
this year. They bring years of experience in the real world of business to
students preparing to launch their own
The highly successful program has
been in effect for years.
The dean of the Faculty says the
insights of the executives in residence
are invaluable.
"Our business school is committed
to giving students a sound theoretical
background in business and management," Dr. Peter Lusztig said.
"The executives have a wealth of
experience in the practical world of
business. They provide a balance
between theory and practice and their
contributions enrich our teaching program."
* Mr. David Devine, former chairman and chief executive officer of
McGavin Foods and former chairman of
the B.C. Business Council, is teaching a
seminar on small business and
He is also chairman of the Faculty's
advisory council whose members are
top executives in Canadian business,
government and labor.
* Mr. Ian Gray, former chairman of
CP Air, is teaching a seminar on
business policy and serves as a consultant to students and faculty on
business policy.
* Mr. Arne Olsen, chairman of
Imperial Parking, is organizing a lecture
series on small business and will also
participate in seminars on small
business and entrepreneurship.
Forestry at UBC:
Research forest
Rarely does a forester from outside
British Columbia visit the province
without a trip to UBC's Research
Forest in Maple Ridge.
The Research Forest, established in
1949 as an outdoor laboratory for
research in forest resources, has an
international reputation that draws
more than 10,000 visitors to the site
each year.
"The forest serves as a research,
education and demonstration area,"
says Research Forest director Dr. Don
Munro. "Although we only have seven
permanent staff members, there's
usually between 50 and 75 individuals
doing research here on any given day.
The number and range of projects
under way in the forest make it an
important resource for the forest
industry in Canada."
More than 450 projects have been
carried out in the 5,157—hectare
Research Forest since 1949. About 100
studies are currently under way, on
topics ranging from lake and stream
ecology, fish and deer biology, forest
productivity, climatology, stream water
chemistry and forest genetics.
"We have researchers from several
UBC faculties, SFU, the University of
Victoria, BCIT, government agencies
and various research organizations
doing studies in the forest," says
Munro. "And    between    them    they
publish their results in a wide range of
publications. Our reputation spreads
because of the quality of research being
carried out here."
One of the most scenic spots in the
Research Forest is Loon Lake, where
UBC staff have built a lodge and camp
facility that accommodates 110 visitors.
The facility is presently being leased
out, but Munro hopes the Research
Forest will be able to use the lodge
again soon for field schools, seminars
and continuing education programs.
Munro has been busy recently with
the development of another research
forest in B.C. He has been named
director of the 8,900-hectare UBC-
Alex Fraser Research Forest near
Williams Lake, which was announced in
August by the provincial government.
He will oversee the administration of
the forest from Vancouver through a
resident forest manager in Williams
"We're really excited about this
development," says Munro. "It opens
up all sorts of possibilities for research
on problems unique to Interior forests."
If the UBC experience is any indication, the new Interior forest will be
more than just a research facility for
the residents of Williams Lake. Many
people visit the UBC forest just to
enjoy the sheer beauty of its trails and
lake areas.
The UBC Research Forest is just 60
minutes from Vancouver. If anyone is
interested in going for a visit, call
4 UBC REPORTS October 23, 1986
Forestry. Each year it contributes
an estimated $20 billion to our national
economy — more than metals, food,
agriculture, fisheries and automotive
industries combined.
At UBC, researchers are developing
new ideas and technologies in many
specialities, including forest genetics,
robotics and remote sensing, giving
Canadian forestors a competitive edge
in world markets.
"Forest technology is changing
rapidly." says UBC Forestry Dean
Robert Kennedy. "Canadian foresters
used to be most concerned about harvesting forests. Now the focus is on
reforestation as researchers race to
produce  the   best   quality   trees   in   the
shortest length of time."
Dr. Denis Lavender's team are
increasing the survival of tree seedlings,
helping to grow bigger and better trees
for world markets. Lavender, head of
the Forest Science Department,
develops plant growth regulators that
induce dormancy in seedlings, similar to
hibernation in animals. The seedlings
become more resistant to stress during
transportation and replanting, a time
when seedlings often die.
Others are developing new technology for the forest industry through
interdisciplinary collaboration between
researchers in forestry, engineering and
For   example,   Dr.  Moss  Kharadly  of
Electrical Engineering and Dr. David
Barrett, head of Forest Harvesting and
Wood Science, have developed a tech— y
nique to grade lumber using microwave
beams. The beams scan each piece of *'
lumber, automatically "reading" the
wood grain to assess its quality.
Remote images sensing are also
valuable tools for the forest industry,
providing information on tree ages and
species, and snowing damage caused by <
insects, acid rain, pollution and disease.
"Remote sensing will revolutionize *
forest management," predicts forest
researcher Dr. Peter Murtha. "Instead
of using archival data up to ten years
old, forest managers will be making
decisions based on accurate, up-to-
date information." *!
Waste makes money
UBC forestry professor Dr. Laszlo
Paszner has made a discovery that
could be worth billions of dollars to
Paszner, a professor of forest harvesting and wood sciences, has perfected a technique that breaks forest
waste products down to their elemental
chemical compounds, glucose sugar and
lignin. These compounds can then be
converted into valuable liquid fuel
products. The export market for the
fuels is estimated at up to $50 billion a
Paszner's one—step technique breaks
down wood products using an organic
solvent with acid and water. At high
temperatures the process takes only 30
"We have about 200 million tons of
waste materials available in Canada
from the forest and agricultural industries," says Paszner. "If we convert
these materials into liquid fuels, Canada
could become a leading exporter of fuel
additives such as ethanol."
Ethanol is blended with gasoline to
act as an octane enhancer. The market for ethanol and other liquid fuels
has increased dramatically as the result
of a U.S. ban on lead as an octane
booster. Canada plans to reduce the
amount of lead in gasoline products by
two—thirds by the end of 1987.
"The market for liquid fuels in the
U.S. alone is enormous," says Paszner.
"The American gasohol blending program calls for a fuel blend of 90 per
cent gasoline, ten per cent alcohol.
The U.S. consumes 180 million tons of
gasoline each year, so Americans will
have to rely heavily on imported liquid
fuels to satisfy the requirements of the
program." Paszner predicts Canada
could supply half of the projected U.S.
need if wood conversion was carried
out on a commercial scale throughout
the country. He adds that development of the industry would create
thousands of new jobs for Canadians.
A recent report by the House of
Commons Standing Committee on
Energy recommended that Canada
accelerate research in this field.
"Oil prices are fairly low right now,
but they could climb again anytime,"
says Paszner. "With the vast amount
of forest waste material available in
Canada, we have the potential to
extend our oil supplies dramatically and
to create a new industry within the
forest sector."
Paszner believes the real gold mine
will come from products derived from
the lignin compound. "We're still
experimenting with different products
we can get from lignin, but the results
so far are very exciting. It appears
lignin can be converted to high quality
fuels that are presently only available
in petrochemicals."
He adds that the percentage of fuel
additives being used will probably
increase in upcoming years. "A car can
run on a 20 per cent alcohol blend
without any modifications to the
engine. With some alternations 100
per cent alcohol can be used."
Paszner's process is being used in a
pilot plant in Brazil, where 80 per cent
of the country's cars run on alcohol
blend or straight alcohol fuel.
Clean home for fish
Cutthroat trout are already moving
back into a rehabilitated creek in
UBC's Research Forest as the result of
a habitat improvement project carried
out by UBC forester Cheryl Power.
Power is studying ways to improve
fish habitats in areas that have been
harmed by activities such as mining,
highway construction, forestry and
human settlement. Her goal is to
increase fish populations to meet the
growing demand for commercial and
sport fishing stocks.
Intensive forestry operations near the
Research Forest creek had resulted in a
dramatic decline in the population of
the trout. "The habitat was very poor
because of chemical imbalances in the
water, excessive amounts of silt,
erosion, and high water temperatures,"
says Power. "We knew that the creek
could support a much larger population
if the habitat was improved."
Power and her colleagues built
baffles in the creek to stop erosion and
trap   water   into   small   pools.    "These
pools    are    critical   because    they    offer
protected areas where fish can rest and
feed. The pools also trap organic
material from the surrounding trees and
vegetation, providing food for the fish."
The group chose organic materials to
build their creek structures, using logs, ^?
root   masses,   rocks   and   other   'waste' ^**"'-
materials   from   the   nearby   forest   site.  *«C*
They      also      selected     carefully      the
vegetation   they   put   along   the   creek
bed.   "We  chose  plants  that  would be
most   useful   in   the  food  chain  of  this
particular ecosystem,"  says Power.  "It's
critical  to   analyse   the   environment   of
any creek before you set out to change
Power, who joined the Research
Forest after graduating from UBC's
Faculty of Forestry in 1983, says the
techniques used to improve creek environments affected by forestry operations
can also be applied to creeks which
have naturally poor fish habitats.
"This is a relatively new area of
research in Canada, but one that is
attracting an increasing amount of
attention," says Power. "Maintaining
and even increasing our fish populations
is economically and environmentally
important to B.C."
1 *
bur   number one resource
,B.C. missing tree—mendous opportunity
British Columbians are losing money
because they can't see the forest for
the trees.
"B.C. isn't  capitalizing on one of its
greatest     assets its     spectacular
scenery," says Dr. Peter Dooling, a
professor in the Forest Resources
Management Department and a leading
Canadian expert on park and forest
conservation    and    recreation. "Too
many British Columbians tend to view
forests solely as a source of timber and
wood products. They overlook the
economic benefits that recreation and
tourism industries could bring to towns
in B.C. The development of forest
recreation and tourism activities is an
excellent opportunity to create new
jobs in forest—dependent areas in all
parts of the province."
He points to the agressive marketing
and promotion strategy that drew
millions of visitors to B.C. for Expo 86.
"We've got to keep this momentum
going, building and promoting recreational and tourism industries."
Dooling says B.C. must keep developing forest management policies that
promote a multi-purpose use of forests.
"For example, a forest that will be
ready for harvesting 30 or 40 years
down the line could be used as a
recreational area until that time.
Beyond the concern for the preservation of natural areas, there's no reason
an area has to be designated solely for
industrial or recreational use."
He says outdoor activities are growing   in   popularity    in    North    America.
In the past year Dooling has
received distinguished centennial service
awards from both the federal government and Parks Canada.
Dooling has led numerous studies on
the use of forests for the provincial and
federal governments, and has served on
provincial, national and international
Expert aids China
It was a catch—22 situation for
Chinese foresters. As China's population increased, the demand for timber,
pulp and paper, fuel and other wood
products also increased. But, because
of the growing population, the country
was running out of land that could be
used for reforestation. Faced with
depleting native forests and a critical
shortfall of wood products, China
turned to foreign experts for help,
among them UBC forestry professor
Oscar Sziklai.
Sziklai, who comes from a family
with five generations of foresters, has
earned an international reputation for
his work in the field of forest genetics
and tree improvement. Since 1978 he
has made nine trips to China, lecturing
and advising Chinese foresters on
methods to regenerate their forests,
most specifically on how to improve the
growth of Paulownia trees on agricultural land.
Oscar Sziklai
"The nine species of Paulownia are
fast—growing shade trees native to
China," says Sziklai. "Chinese foresters
are worried because Paulownia trees are
becoming scarce as land is cleared for
farmland and urban development."
Sziklai is providing expertise on how
China can select and breed the best of
the Paulownia trees. "In forest genetics    we    select    trees    with    the    most
desireable  characteristics trees  that
grow quickly,  are strong and have high
quality  wood and  genetically  breed
seedlings with these characteristics.
The value of the timber and wood
products increases dramatically when
you can consistently grow high quality
Sziklai's work in China earned him
an honor never before given to a non-
Chinese   forester last   year   he   was
named an honorary member of the
70,000—member Chinese Society of
Phase I of the program, which began
in 1983 and ended this spring, has
been extremely successful. Sziklai will
continue to work with China on the
second phase of the project.
The Chinese have a fascinating
approach to land use, says Sziklai.
"With such a huge population, food
production is always their first concern," he says. "Their 'straw hat plot'
rule states that any piece of land as
large as a Chinese straw hat must be
used for food production."
Agro—forestry planting     trees
among agricultural crops — is carried
out extensively in China. "Agro-
forestry is economical because every
available plot of land has a double
purpose. With the proper tree species
and spacing, the crop yield increases,"
says Sziklai.
In the Paulownia project, seedlings
were distributed to farmers who
received a premium for each tree
grown. "A bonus system for farmers
encouraged them to water and fertilize
the trees and they did with their
crops," says Sziklai. "For instance, the
farmer who grew the tallest tree might
get a bicycle or a television set. The
incentive program was very successful."
Sziklai has recently become involved
in a second tree breeding program in
northeastern China at the request of
the Chinese government.	
He was the author of a major report
for the provincial government on the
scenic and recreational value of a
1,700-mile corridor in northern British
Columbia known as the "Golden
Circle." The   reports   included   an
extensive inventory of the natural and
human history of the area, scenic features,  existing  and potential land uses,
points of historical interest and potential park areas. "We provided a
framework and extensive data base on
how the north was presently being used
for recreation and tourism and how it
could be developed," says Dooling.
Most recently he played a key role
in the organization of Heritage for
Tomorrow, the Canadian Assembly on
National Parks and Protected Areas
held in Banff last year to celebrate the
National Parks' centennial.
"Surveys show that more and more
people are getting involved in recreational activities such as hiking,
mountain climbing, water and winter
sports. B.C.'s tremendous mountain,
coastal and freshwater resources, good
accessibility and climate make it ideally
suited to become a major recreational
centre on the continent. Development
of this industry could provide a real
boost  to the economy."
Dooling has played a major role in
training Canadian foresters in the areas
of park and forest conservation, recreation management and tourism—related
forest uses. In 1968 he established
Canada's first teaching and research
program in park and recreational resources at UBC, a program that has
continued to be a leader in its field.
Graduates of the program are serving in key positions in park, forest, and
tourism agencies throughout Canada.
They are also employed as far afield as
Australia, Switzerland, Peru, Kenya, the
United Kingdom and New Zealand.
Keeping watch on the
Dr. Michael Feller of UBC's Forest
Sciences Department is working to help
forest companies make decisions that
will benefit B.C.'s economy without
sacrificing its natural resources.
He's conducting a wide range of
studies that measure how various
forestry practices, such as slash burning
and clear cutting, affect the natural
environment. Feller's goal is to provide
forest companies with information on
how logging and other forestry activities can be carried out with the least
amount of harm to surrounding
"Forestry activities result in very
specific changes within an ecosystem
that can sometimes be harmful to
plants, animals and humans in the
area," says Feller. "In most cases a
slight alteration in a forest practice,
based on a scientific understanding of
the environment, can reduce or eliminate any harmful effects. Our goal is
to help foresters makes decisions that
are both economically and ecologically
He offers some examples. "There
was some concern in the United States
recently because drinking water from a
particular stream was found to contain
unsafe levels of nitrate, a substance
which can be toxic to humans," says
Feller. "This had resulted from the
clearing of a surrounding forest area
and the application of herbicides.
When an area is cleared, it creates the
perfect environment for certain organisms to convert nitrogen compounds in
the soil and air into nitrate. The
nitrate is then washed into the stream.
A situation like this can be avoided if
foresters are 'aware of the conditions
that trigger these natural chemical
He says some alterations to forest
practise are very simple. "For example, if trees growing beside a stream
are   cleared,    the   amount    of   sunlight
hitting the stream water may increase.
The resulting rise in water temperature
can be extremely harmful to fish populations. This can easily be avoided
by leaving a strip of trees beside the
stream  when  the  area  is  cleared."
Feller's research includes studies on
the effects of forestry practices on
streams, the impact of different kinds
of slash burning on the environment
and a long—term study on how acid
rain affects forests.
"The aim of our research is twofold," he says. "We're trying to identify
chemical and physical reactions in the
ecosystem that may be negatively
affected by forest practices, but our
long—term goal is to provide alternatives for forest managers based on what
we know about different types of
Feller's research on stream water
chemistry, based at UBC's Research
Forest in Maple Ridge, is one of the
largest and most significant projects of
its kind in Canada. Also of national
interest are measurements on rain
chemistry collected by Feller in the
UBC Research Forest since 1970. "We
have the longest continuous record of
the levels of chemicals contained in rain
water in Western Canada. This is of
particular interest to groups concerned
about acid rain levels,11 says Feller.
"We're collecting data and also
studying how the acid is absorbed by
forests. It appears that the acid is
neutralized by chemical reactions in the
soil before it can enter streams, but
we're concerned that the soil will
eventually lose this neutralizing ability."
In another research project, Feller is
studying the effects of controlled fires
on forest environments to find the most
effective type of slash burning for particular ecosystems. He and his graduate students are currently carrying out
this research at the UBC Research
Forest and at sites near Smithers and
UBC REPORTS October 23, 1986 5 ii ft
WMUWM  ••*
Press goes for winners
When an exiled prince falls in love
with his married cousin, their illicit
affair is doomed from the start. An
illegitimate child is born and the two
lovers strive to keep their relationship
a secret amidst the politics and power
play of the eighteenth century French
court. This may sound a bit like a
cover of a historical romance novel. In
fact, it is a historical biography and
there is a romance—but it's no novel.
The Love of a Prince is a book by
Laurence Bongie, head of the UBC
French department, about the life and
times of one of the legendary heroes in
English history, Bonnie Prince Charlie.
It's the result of almost ten years of
research in public and private archives
which turned up a series of love letters
written by Louise, Princesse de Rohan
to Prince Charles.
Marie Stephens, marketing manager,
for the UBC Press is particularly
excited about The Love of a Prince
which was published by the Press in
June. "It has garnered interest from
publishers in the United Kingdom and
the United States," she said. That
means a potential for international
recognition for Dr. Bongie and the
university. It also represents a move
in the right direction for the Press.
"One of our goals is to really penetrate
the U.S. market, it's very important to
us," Stephens said. Currently, only
about one—third of book sales go to
U.S. and foreign markets, the other
two—thirds are marketed in Canada.
Bongie's book is also significant
because it's a trade journal and, in the
publishing business, that means it can
be marketed through any bookstore
instead of being targeted at a strictly
academic audience.
When the layman picks up The
Love of a Prince at the bookstore in
his local mall, he'll notice the book was
written by a professor at his local
university. "It's one way the public
can see what their tax dollars are
paying for,"  Stephens said.
The UBC Press has had a steady
number of successes since its inception
in 1971. It began by publishing four
books a year and now produces over
twenty-five a year, w:>';h annua! sales
of half a million dollars.
The first publications were limited to
the disciplines of Canadian history,
Canadian literature, and Asian and
Pacific studies. When Jim Anderson
joined the Press in 1982 as Executive
Director, the Press began to broaden
its field of publication. It now publishes books on a number of subjects
from Botany to History, Ar.gling to
Theatre and wants to expand even
"We're interested in developing
philosophy and economics," Jim
Anderson said. "And we have no
established base in sciences; that's an
area we want to build up." He notes
that a reputation for publishing in a
certain field brings in authors with
their manuscripts.
However, reputation is just one of
the ways to attract marketable
material.      "We   do   get   a   number   of
UBC grows Royal plants
Marie Stephens and Jim Anderson with some of the  UBC Press publications.
UBC's Botanical Garden has cultivated a royal treat for England's Prince Charles and
Princess Diana. Vancouver Jade, a new plant species introduced to the B.C. public
this year through UBC's unique Plant Introduction Scheme, will be part of a collection
of native B.C. plants presented to the royal couple by the provincial government to
commemorate their visit to B.C. earlier this year. Pictured above with Vancouver
Jade plants is the Botanical Garden's curator of collections, Dr.  Gerald Straley.
proposals through the mail," said Brian
Scrivener, acquisitions editor for the
Press, who evaluates manuscripts that
appear to have potential. The Press
acquisitions editors travel across
Canada and occasionally to the United
States to establish contacts in academic
communities and actively encourage
people to think about preparing a
manuscript for publication by the
Many of the larger universities in
Canada have a university press, most
of them concentrated in the eastern
part of the country. Scrivener adds
that the personal touch is important.
"We're easily overlooked unless we
actively approach people. Geographically, we are out on the periphery and
we need to establish contacts and sales
on an ongoing basis."
The majority of publications from
the Press fall into the category of
scholarly or academic works which are
marketed to libraries and universities.
University and college course books,
though fewer in number, generate the
most    revenue. And    general    trade
books like Love of A Prince can be
marketed to a wider readership.
Jim Anderson would like to see
Canadian bookstores put more scholarly
books on their shelves. For the bookstore owner, however, they are not as
financially appealing as other genres.
From a publisher's point of view, the
largest English speaking academic book
market is in the United States, one
reason why the Press is anxious to
become more well known over the
Through international publishing
agreements, books put out by the Press
are made available in other countries.
To this end, the Press has agents
representing its interests in the United
Kingdom and Europe, as well as the
Pacific Rim. And, in addition to selling on the international market, the
Press also looks for authors in the
United    States    and    overseas. "The
UBC Press can really extend the image
of the university all over the world by
publishing good books of interest to
people in many countries,' Anderson
The working relationship between
the Press and a potential author, from
manuscript copy to actual publication,
can cover several years. A book on
Canadian artist, Jack Shadbolt, which
was published to coincide with an
exhibition of his work at the Museum
of Anthropology this summer, was two
years in the making. "They proposed
a    book     to    accompany    the    show,"
Scrivener said.     "We sat down to discuss   prospects   and   practical  problems,   _
and  work   out   a  schedule  and  division
of labour." »
The manuscript was written by
museum curator and associate professor
of Anthropology, Marjorie Halpin, and
the museum provided all of the illustrations and design. The Press took
on all of the editorial responsbilities,
revising copy, both work in progress
and    final    copy. They    were    also   fr
responsible for the physical production.
The result was Jack Shadbolt and the *
Coastal Indian Image, a hard—cover
book on the artist and his work, illustrated with colour and black-and-
white photographs.
The    Press    printed    five    thousand
copies   of  the   book   on   the   first   nin.  *
"This  was  based  on  prospects  as  well
as     past     sales     of    similar    books," *~
Scrivener    said. One    similar    book,
Totem Poles: An Illustrated Guide.
also by Marjorie Halpin, was printed in
1981 and sold over 20 thousand copies.
Some copies of the Jack Shadbolt book
will be sold in the museum gift shops, *
the rest will be marketed by the Press.   _
Academic manuscripts are evaluated
and critiqued by experts in the field to
find out if they have publishing potential. A standing press committee of
the university looks at all manuscript
proposals and votes on whether they .
should go ahead or not. "This is to
protect the standards and reputation of •
the university," Anderson said.
Book sales are certainly not limited
by the number printed on the first run.
If a book sells well it can be reprinted
again and again. One such book is
The Emergence of Social Security inx-^
Canada by UBC Social Work professor,
Dennis Guest, which has been picked ^
up by several universities in Canada as
a core text.
Sales were so good it was reprinted
four times before being revised and
reprinted again in August. "I foresee
it will be reprinted on an annual basis f
and revised and updated in another
five years," Scrivener said. "The Press ""
encourages authors to update and
revise their work if they think a text
will continue to be popular. "It's a
good way to ensure continued sales,"
he added.
Continued sales is what Jim
Anderson would like to see in the »
future. "We can only accomplish our
goals by increased sales revenue,11
Anderson said. One of those goals is
to reach more readers who will pick np
a book and read, on the inside cover,
"published by the UBC Press".
6 UBC REPORTS October 23, 1986 ■"■a^iaSiSii,
New dentistry appointments
A re—organization of the Faculty of
Dentistry consolidates five clinical
departments into two departments
effective Oct. 1.
"The new structure will provide a
better opportunity for the advancement
of knowledge in the clinical disciplines
as well as develop a more integrated
clinical undergraduate program," said
Dr. George Beagrie, dean of the
The Oral Biology Department, the
Faculty's basic science unit, has beer
slightly expanded.
Said Dr. Beagrie: "We expect the
Oral Biology Department will act as a
catalyst to provide basic scientific
knowledge to the two clinical departments.
"The Faculty will achieve a more
appropriate place within the scientific
community through an expanded
graduate program and particularly our
new Ph.D program in oral biology."
Dr. Marcia Ann Boyd is assistant
dean of the Faculty effective Oct. 1.
Dr. Boyd is the president of the Association of Canadian Faculties of
Dentistry and is the first women
appointed to the dean's office of any
school of dentistry in Canada.
Dr. John G. Silver, head of the
former Oral Medicine Department, is
the head of the new Clinical Dental
Sciences Department.
Dr. David Donaldson is head of the
new Oral Medicine and Surgical
Sciences Department. He was acting
head of the old Oral and Maxillofacial
Surgery Department.
New head of the Oral Biology
Department is Dr. Donald M. Brunette.
He succeeds Dr. Barry McBride who is
the new head of the Microbiology
Department in the Faculty of Science.
*      *      *
The University Singers, led by Prof.
James Fankhauser of the School of
Music, has won first prize in the 1986
National Radio Competition for Amateur Choirs, adult mixed choir division.
Finalists were selected from 60
regional entrants. The award,
announced on Sept. 28 on the CBC
stereo program "Choral Concert," carries with it a cash prize of $1,500.
In the same competition, Prof.
Cortland Hultberg, conducted an 18-
voice group called Phoenix, which won
first prize in the chamber choir division
and second prize in the contemporary
CBC listeners will be able to hear
winners on Nov. 21 when "Mostly
Music" rebroadcasts highlights at 10:30
p.m. on AM radio and at 11:30 p.m.
on FM stereo.
Professor Lois M. Bewley from the
School of Library, Archival and Information Studies will be the key—note
speaker at the Symposium on Aging in
Toronto. Bewley and colleague Sylvia
Crooks wrote Urban Public Library
Service for the Aging in Canada, a
study published by Dalhousie in 1984.
The Ontario Ministry of Citizenship
and Culture is sponsoring the
November 5th symposium.
* *      *
Karen Firus, a student last year in
UBC's film and television studies program, was the winner of the 1986
Norman McClaren Award, awarded
annually to the maker of the best
student film in Canada. The award,
which includes a prize of $1,000, was
awarded to "Fashion 99," a futuristic
At the 1986 B.C. Film Festival,
"Bundle Deck," by UBC students
Kevin Hall and Nancy Forstrom won
first prize and Ross Weber's "Lack of
Funding" won second prize. "Cheek to
Cheek," by Michelle Bjornson and Ray
Hartley captured second prize in the
experimental division and honorable
mention went to "A Faceful of Ugly,"
by Rovin Basi.
* *      *
University Professor Michael Shaw
of plant science and botany joined a
select group of Canadian scientists
recently when he was elected a fellow
of the Canadian Phytopathological
Society. He is widely known for his
work on host—parasite relationships,
particularly rust diseases on grain.
At the same meeting at the University of Saskatchewan, Prof. Clayton
Person of the botany department was
elected an honorary member of the
Funeral services were held Oct. 12
for Ben Chud, a UBC graduate and
26-year member of the faculty, who
died suddenly on Oct. 9. He was 64.
Mr. Chud was awarded the degrees
of Bachelor and Master of Social Work
by UBC in 1957 and 1959, respectively.
He taught initially in the UBC School
of Nursing and was appointed to the
staff of the School of Social Work in
Mr. Chud, in addition to his UBC
duties, was active in a number of
community organizations, including the
Canadian Mental Health Association,
the Western Institute for the Deaf and
professional organizations.
He is survived by his mother, his
wife, two daughters and two brothers.
Dr. Michael Duke, who teaches
Chinese in the Department of Asian
Studies, is at Peking University in
China as resident director of a special
language program designed to teach
Chinese to foreigners. The China Cooperative Language and Study Program,
which Dr. Duke says is probably the
best program in China for learning
Chinese, is run by the Council on
International Educational Exchange.
Prof.     Patricia     Marchak     of     the
Department of Anthropology and Sociology is the 1986 recipient of the John
Porter Award of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association for
her book Green Gold: The Forest
Industry in British Columbia, published
by the UBC Press. Prof. Marchak has
been invited to give the John Porter
Lecture at the association's 1987 meeting in Hamilton, Ont.
Blood antibodies
prevent disease
The familiar adage "an apple a day
keeps the doctor away" could take on
new meaning as a result of research
being carried out by Prof. Shuryo
Nakai of UBC's Food Science Department.
Prof. Nakai and his colleagues in the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences are
using a technique called Immobilized
Metal Affinity Chromatography (IMAC)
to recover antibodies from eggs, milk
and from the blood of packing house
animals. The isolated antibodies can
then be put into a wide range of food
products for humans and animals to
help built up resistance to specific
"We already know that the plasma
in animal blood is a high—quality
source of protein.for both animals and
humans," says Prof. Nakai. "But we
believe that the immunoglobin found in
the plasma can also be used in animal
feed and food products for humans to
prevent the onset of a variety of
The technique being used by Prof.
Nakai and his colleagues to isolate the
antibodies is simple and inexpensive.
After collecting the blood, sodium citrate is added to prevent clotting when
the red blood cells are removed. Prof.
Nakai then separates the plasma into
edible protein, which is used in processed foods, and serum. It is the
serum that contains the immunoglobin,
or antibodies.
"The immunoglobin is chemically
separated from the rest of the serum
protein by passing it through an IMAC
column," says Prof. Nakai. "During
this process the purity level of the immunoglobin is raised to 90—95 per cent,
the level required for medical use."
Several companies in Japan and the
United States have expressed an interest in importing the isolated
immunoglobin. "There are a number of
potential uses for the antibodies," says
Prof. Nakai. "Our particular interest is
in developing ways in which the
immunoglobin can be added to food
In previous studies, the addition of
antibodies to food has had a dramatic
effect on resistance to disease in both
humans and animals. A study carried
out by Prof. Bruce Owen of UBC's
Animal Science Department showed
that adding immunoglobin to feed for
young piglets who were separated from
their mother at birth increased survival
rate from less than one per cent to
more than 80 per cent. In a Swiss
study, the milk from cows who had
been injected with the E. Coli strain
was given to human infants and
dramatically reduced their incidence of
"I believe this area of research could
lead to a whole new dimension in preventive medicine," says Prof. Nakai.
He is currently developing a technique
to identify specific antibodies present in
blood samples.
Collaborating with Prof. Nakai are
Profs. David Kitt and R.C.
Fitzsimmons of UBC's Animal Science
Department and Prof. Brent Skura of
the Food Science Department.
UBC Calendar
Saturday, Oct. 25
Lasers and Man. Prof.
Arthur Schawlow, Physics,
Stanford University.
Saturday Nov. 1
Toxic Rain and Toxic
Oceans.  Dr. J. Christopher
Bernabo, President,
Science and Policy
Associates, Inc.
Washington, D.C.
Lecture   Hall   2,   Woodward   Instructional   Resources
Centre. Free. 8:15 p.m.
Band Festival Concert.
Grade 11-12 Honour Band. Johannes Somary and
Martin Berinbaum, directors. Old Auditorium. 1:30p.m. ■
Medical Oncology Lecture.
The Role of Neoadjuvant (Preoperative)  Chemotherapy
in the Management of Cancer. Dr. J. Ragaz, Medical
Oncology, Cancer Control Agency of B.C. Lecture
Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research Centre, 601 West 10th
Avenue. 12 noon.
Pacific Coast Lectureship.
Recent Advances in Free Radical Cyclisation. Prof. A. J.
Beckwith, Chemistry, Australian National University,
Canberra. Room 150, Chemistry Building. 12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Determination of Atmospheric Turbidity. Prof. M. Iqbal,
Mechanical Engineering, UBC. Room 1215, Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
Biomembranes Discussion Group.
Cell Biology of Insulin Action. Dr. Sam Cushman,
National Institute of Health. IRC 4. 3:45 p.m.
Astronomy Seminar.
Blue Stragglers. Dr. James Nemec, Geophysics and
Astronomy, UBC. Room 260, Geophysics and
Astronomy Reading Room. 4 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Dimensions of Poverty. First in a series on Religion and
Economics. Dr. Majid Rahnema, United Nations
Regents Professor, Universityof California, Berkeley.
For further information call, 224-1614. Room A203,
Buchanan Building. 7:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Models for Development. Second in a series on Religion
and Economics. Dr, Majid Rahnema, United Nations
Regents Professor, University of California,   Berkeley.
Room A205, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
The Dynamics of Macromolecules. Prof. Martin Karpjus,
Chemistry, Harvard University. Room 250, Chemistry
Building. 1 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Making the Economy Work Better. Olaf Klasen,
Director, Finn-Est Institute. Room B327, Buchanan
Building. 2:30 p.m.
Distinguished Lecturer Series.
Circulating Fluidi2ed Bed Research at UBC. Prof. J. R.
Grace, Chemical Engineering, UBC. Room 317, Frank
Forward Building. 3:30 p.m.
Statistics Seminar.
The Minimax Betting Strategy. Dr. Tomek Brus,
Statistics, UBC. Room 102, Ponderosa Annex C. 3:30
Comparative Literature
Framed Voices: The Polyphonic Elegies of Kogawa's
Obasan and Hebert's Les Fous de Bassan. Buchanan
Penthouse. 3:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Neopolitan Ice Cream, Copper and Manganese in
Sediments Near the Mexican Margin: Diagenetic
Contrasts. Dr. T. F. Pedersen, Oceanography, UBC.
Room 1465, Biological Sciences Building. 3:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Models of Cooperation. Third in a series on Religion
and Economics. Ms. Delores Huerta, United
Farmworkers of America. Room A203, Bgchanan
Building. 7:30 p.m.
Adult Education Seminar.
Women and Development. Afsaneh Eghbal, Iranian
anthropologist and novelist (author of The Wandering
Species') and authority on Third World women.
Enquiries: 228-5822. Adult Education Research Centre,
5760 Toronto Road. 10a.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Vision of Success - Short Rotation Intensive Culture of
Cottonwood. Prof. Donald T. Lester, Forestry, UBC.
Room 166, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Models of Cooperation. Fourth in a series on Religion
and Economics. Ms. Delores Huerta, United
Farmworkers of America. Room A205, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Poetry Reading.
Reading sponsored by the English Department.
Andrew Parkin and Warren Stevenson, English, UBC.
Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30 p.m.
Noon-Hour Recital.
Wes Foster, clarinet and Linda Lee Thomas, piano.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
UBC REPORTS October 23,1986 7 UBC Calendar
Adult Education Seminar.
Rethinking Development - Considering Extent to Which
Development Efforts Perpetuate Colonization. Majid
Rahnema, former Minister of Higher Education in Iran
and co-author of the Faure Report. ("Learning to Be").
Enquiries: 228-5822. Adult Education Research
Centre, 5760 Toronto Road. 1:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Making the Economy Work Better. Olaf Klasen,
Director, Finn-Est Institute.  Buchanan Penthouse. 2:30
p.m. Continues at same time on Oct. 30.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
ATimetoRise. Canadian Farmworkers Union.  Room
208, Scarfe Building. 2:30 p.m.
Fine Arts Lecture.
John Massey, Toronto sculptor, will speak on his work.
Room 107, Lasserre Building. 2:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Algorithms on Rings of Processors. Prof. Andrew Adler,
Mathematics, UBC. Room 229, Mathematics Building.
3:45 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
A Revolution is Underway in Data Analysis. Dr. Donald
Ludwig, I.A.R.E. and Mathematics, UBC. Room 2449,
Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Business vs. Social Services. Fifth in a series on
Religion and Economics. Mr. Arnold Saltzman, Jewish
Family Service, Los Angeles. Limited admission $8.00
(includes dinner).  Hillel House. 5:30 p.m.
Cinema 16.
Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters. Film biography of the
famous Japanese writer. $2.00 admission, plus $1.00
one time membership fee. SUB Auditorium. 7 and 9:30
Classical Music Nights.
The Graduate Student Society sponsors jazz and
classical music nights every Wednesday evening in the
Graduate Student Centre Lounge. 8:30 - 11:30 p.m.
Chamber Ensemble.
UBC Student Chamber Ensembles of the string, wind
and keyboard divisions. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
UBC Chaplains Symposium.
Business vs. Social Services. Last in a series on
Religion and Economics.   Mr. Arnold Saltzman, Jewish
Family Service, Los Angeles.  Room A205, Buchanan
Building.   12:30 p.m.
< )
Gerontology Lecture.
Geriatric Assessment in Canada. Dr. Richard Ham,
Family Practice, UBC. IRC 3. 1p.m.
Psychology Colloquium.
Perception and Attention in School-Aged Children. Dr.
James Ennes, Psychology, Dalhousie University. Peter
Suedfeld Lounge, Kenny Building. 4 p.m.
The Graduate Student Society sponsors Theatresports
featuring the Vancouver Theatresports League every
Thursday evening. Graduate Student admission is $3.
Regular admission is $4. Bar service available.
Graduate Student Centre Ballroom. 8 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Faculty Recital.
Music for Flemish and Italian Harpsichords. Doreen
Oke, harpsichord.  Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30
Reading by Josef Skvorecky, Czech Canadian novelist,
author of The Engineer of Human Souls, 1984 Governor
General's Award". Room B320, Buchanan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Control of Eukaryottc tRNA Gene Expression. Dr. G.
Spiegelman, Microbiology, UBC. Parentcraft Room,
Grace Hospital, 4490 Oak Street. 1 p.m.
Finance Workshop.
The Medium of Exchange in Mergers Takeovers. Espen
Eckbo, Ron Giammanno, Rob Heinkel, UBC.
Penthouse, Henry Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
Chamber Ensembles.
UBC Student Chamber Ensembles of the string, wind
and keyboard divisions. Recital Hall, Music Building. 8
UBC Thunderbirds vs. the University of Saskatchewan.
Thunderbird Stadium. 7:30 p.m.
French Intensive Sunday.
All-day French conversational program. $60.00 includes
lunch and dinner. For information, call Language
Programs and Services, 222-5227. Room D339,
Buchanan Building. 10 a.m. - 10 p.m.
B.C. Cancer Research Lecture.
Cyclic Tetramolecular Complexes of Monoclonal
Antibodies: A New Type of Crosslinking Reagent. Dr.
Peter Lansdorp, Terry Fox Laboratory. Lecture Theatre,
B.C. Cancer Research Centre, 601 West 10th Avenue.
12 noon.
Religious Studies Symposium.
A Symposium on the Shamanistic Practices.
Shamanistic Practices in Japan, Dr. Tokutaro Sakurai,
President of Komazawa University, Shamanistic
Practices in Korea, Dr. Yunshik Chang, Anthropology
and Sociology, UBC.  Everyone welcome. Room 604,
Asian Centre.  1:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
On the Modelling of Peak Ground Acceleration Due to
Seismic Events. Mr. Shahriar Shahriari, Graduate
Student, Mechanical Engineering. Room 1215, Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Boundary Element Methods. Prof. Laurence Johnston,
Universityof Toronto. Room 229, Mathematics Building.
3:45 p.m.
Preventive Medicine and Health
Health Promotion for Seniors: The Process  s the
Program. Ann Robertson, Seniors'Wellness
Coordinator, Main Health Unit. Forfurther information
call, 228-2258.  Room 253, James Mather Building. 4
p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Guitar Lecture/Recital.
Spanish Guitar Repertoire from 1535 to the 20th
Century. Michael Strutt, Music, UBC. Conference
Room, Carr Hall, Centre for Continuing Education. 8
Archaeological Lecture.
UBC Excavations at Ancient Mytilene (Lesbos). Dr. H.
Williams, Classics, UBC. Theatre Gallery, Museum of
Anthropology. 8 p.m.
Computer Science Colloquium.
Use of the Viewpoint Consistency Constraint for 3D
Object Recognition. Dr. David D. Lowe, Courant
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NewYork
University. Room 301, Computer Science Building.
11:30 a.m.
John G. Moffatt Lecture.
Radical Cyclizations in Natural Product Synthesis. Prof.
Gilbert Stork, Chemistry, Columbia University. Room
250, Chemistry Building. 1p.m.
Metallurgical Engineering Seminar.
Measurement of Athermal Strain Rate in a-Brass. Prof.
T. H. Alden, Metallurgical Engineering, UBC. Room 317,
Frank Forward Building. 3:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Slope Flow Driven by Convection. B. Van Harden berg,
Oceanography, UBC. Room 1465, Biological Sciences
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Community Sports Services
Coaching Effectiveness Training Seminar. (Youth
Sports) Dr. F. L. Smoll, Sports Psychology, University
of Washington. Advanced registration, $15.00. At the
door, $18.00. Students, $10.00. Forfurther information
call, 228-3688. Elm Room, Richmond Inn, 7551
Westminster Highway, Richmond. 7:30 p.m. - 10:30
Information Science Seminar.
Exotic Scripts in Desktop Publishing. Dr. Ken Bryant,
Asian Studies, UBC. Conference Room, Sedgewick
Library. 7:30 p.m.
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Regulation of Gastric Somatostatin Secretion. Dr. C.
Mcintosh, Physiology, UBC. Room 317, Basic Medical
Sciences Building, Block C. 12 noon.
Forestry Seminar.
The State of the U.S. - Canadian Negotiations with
Respect to the Timber Trade Issue. Mr. M. Apsey,
President, Council of Forest Industries of B.C. Room
166, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Presented in cooperation with CBC Radio. Alan
Rinehart, guitar and Jane Martin, flute. Recital Hall,
Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
A New Approach to the Stereocontrolled Synthesis of
Polypropionates. Prof. Gilbert Stork, Chemistry,
Columbia University. Room 225, Chemistry Building.
2:30 p.m.
Fine Arts Lecture.
Ian Wallace, artist and instructor at Emily Carr College of
Art and Design, speaking on his work. Room 107,
Lasserre Building. 2:30 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
Adaptive Significance of Vertebral Variation in Fishes:
The Quick and the Dead. Mr. Douglas Swain, Animal
Resource Ecology and Zoology, UBC.  Room 2449,
Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
Cinema 16.
Marianne and Juliane. Directed by Margarethe Von
Trotta. Admission $2.00 plus a one-time membership
fee of $1.00. SUB Auditorium. 7:00and 9:30 p.m.
Rehabilitation Medicine
Information Evening.
Admission Procedures. Division heads, admission
secretary and student panel. IRC 6. 7 p.m.
Adult Education Seminar.
Innovative Learning and the Club of Rome. James
Botkin, author of No Limits to Learning, a report to the
Club of Rome. Enquiries: 228-5822. Adult Education
Research Centre, 5760 Toronto Road. 7:30 p.m.
Native Law Program.
Gitksan Wet'Suwet'en Land Claims. Louise Mandell and
Stuart Rush. Room 101/102, Law Building.  12:30 p.m.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Student Composers Concert. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Office For Women Students
Career Decisions for an Uncertain Future. Guest
experts will describe the preparation of a flexible career
plan to meet technological and economic changes
effecting women. Enquiries: 228-2415. Room 223,
Brock Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Biomembranes Discussion Group.
Interactions Between Membrane Proteins: Equilibrium
and Dynamic Consequences. Dr. Jack Owicki,
Biophysics, Universityof California, Berkeley. IRC 3.
3:45 p.m.
Inside Tibet.
A talk and slide presentation by Prof. Michael Futrell,
Slavonic Studies, UBC, recently returned from Tibet.
Admission: $5.00, students $2.50. Vancouver
Planetarium, 1100 Chestnut Street. 7:30 p.m.
Chamber Singers.
UBC Chamber Singers. Cortland Hultberg, director.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Chamber Singers.
UBC Chamber Singers. Cortland Hultberg, director. Jk
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Report on American Society of Human Genetics
Meeting. Faculty. Parentcraft Room, Grace Hospital,
4490 Oak Street. 1 p.m.
Commerce Finance Workshop.
Rights versus Underwritten Offerings. Espen Eckbo,      ^
Commerce, UBC. Penthouse, Henry Angus Building.
3:30 p.m. ~*
Kuhlau Bicentennial Concert.
Paul Douglas, flute; Robert Rogers, piano; John Loban,
violin; Eric Wilson, cello; Hans-Karl Piltz, viola. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Music of India Series. -
Final concert in a series by distinguished artists of India.
Rina Singha-Kathak gives a recital of Katfiak dance.
Enquiries: 228-4688. Auditorium, Asian Centre. 8 p.m.
Pipers and Drummers.
Any pipers and drummers among faculty, students and 4M
staff interested in practicing and playing on campus are ^
asked to contact Dr. Edward Mornin, Germanic Studies, 4F
Faculty Staff Exercise Class.
Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 12:30 - 1:05 p.m.
Robert Osborne Gymnasium B East. Forfurther
information call 228-3996.
Volleyball. »
Faculty and staff volleyball group meets from 12:30-
1:30 p.m. every Monday (Gymnasium A) and Wednesday
(Gymnasium B) in the Robert Osborne Centre. New or
experienced players are welcome to participate in
recreational games at anytime. For further information,
call Ken Coutts, 228-3838.
Fine Arts Gallery.
Life Jackets. Recent paintings by Judith Lodge atthe     ^
Fine Arts Gallery until Nov. 8. Tuesday to Friday, 10 a.m.
-5p.m. Saturday, 12 noon-5 p.m. Forfurther a
information, call 228-4381.
Co-operative Education Programs.
An information meeting for Engineering students (1st
year all branches/2nd year electrical only) will be held
on Thursday, Nov. 6 in Room 200, Computer Science
Building. 12:30 p.m. For further information contact the 4
Co-op Office, Room 213, Brock Hall, 228-3022.
Dorothy Somerset Studio.
Vancouver actor Bill Murdoch givesasolo performance
of Mr. Poe, a Halloween theatrical presentation, at 8
p.m. Oct. 31. On Nov. 1, a seminar entitled The Making
of Mr. Poe features playwright Douglas Bankson,
director Kiko Gonzales-Ri220 and composer Chantal
Morin, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Theatrical performance $8;*
seminar $35, includes performance. Information: Centre
for Continuing Education, 222-5261. Both events in the"
Dorothy Somerset Studio.
Fitness Appraisal.
The School of Physical Education and Recreation,
through the new John M. Buchanan Fitness and
Research Centre, is administering a comprehensive .
physical fitness assessment program available to
students, faculty, staff and the general public. A ^
complete assessment takes approximately one hour and
encompasses the various fitness tests, an interpretation
of the results, detailed counselling and an exercise
prescription. A fee of $20 for students and $25 for all
others is charged. For additional information please call
228-3996 or inquire at recreation UBC, War Memorial
Gym, Room 203.
America's Cup Symposium.
What's in the America's Cup?: A weekend symposium     4h
for both sailors and the shorebound presented by
award-winning B.C. sailors, naval architects and others.
7:45 p.m.to 10:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 7; 9:15 a.m. to 4:30
p.m. Saturday, Nov. 8, Law Building. Both sessions,
$38; Friday only, $8; Saturday only, $32. Special rate for
under 18. For further information call, Centre for
Continuing Education, 222-5252.
Language Programs.
Non-credit daytime, evening and weekend
conversational programs in French begin the week of
Nov. 3. A Saturday morning class in Language Teaching
Techniques is also available. For more information call,
Language Programs and Services, Centre for Continuing
Education, 222-5227.
Faculty Women's Club. „
The Faculty Women's Club of UBC is celebrating its
70th year. All women faculty members and wives of
faculty mem bers are cordially invited. For further
information, call Peggy MacGregor, 222-1134.
Calendar Deadlines.
For events in the period Oct. 26 to Nov. 8, notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4
p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 16 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Road, Room 207,  Old
Administration Building.    For more information, call 228-3131.


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