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UBC Reports Oct 30, 1974

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Array OCTOBER    30,   1974,   VANCOUVER,   B.C.
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Centre Opens in
Downtown Location
Ms. Anne Ironside, above, is the co-ordinator of UBC's new Women's
Resources Centre, which opened its doors recently in the main
branch of the Vancouver Public Library, The Centre, an off-shoot of
die Daytime Program of UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, is
supported by an innovative-programs grant from the provincial
government and is designed to "help women get from where they are
to where they want to be." For details on the Centre and its current
programs, see story on Pages Eight and Nine.
\:
New Avenues Open
For Indian Education
Mrs. Mary Jane Joe, above, is part of a unique teacher-training
program that got underway at UBC this year. She is one of 56 native
Indian students from alt parts of the province enrolled in the Native
Indian teacher Education Program, which is designed to train native
Indians for the teaching profession. The program, funded by a
$150,000 grant from the provincial government, was worked out in
co-operation with the leaders in the Indian community- For details
on the program, see story on Page Four.
Research Team Looks at GVRD
SEE PAGES TWO AND THREE
Official Election Notice Issued
-SEEPAGE FIVE Issues related to the quality of life are what most concern the
citizens of the Greater Vancouver Regional District, an area
of just over 1,000 square miles encompassing much of the
Lower Mainland of B.C. This is one of the major conclusions
drawn from a study called the Urban Futures Project, carried
out by a team of UBC researchers under the direction of
Prof. Walter Hardwick, seated in the picture at right, and
bearded Dr. John Collins, standing at right. UBC graduate
student Martin Taylor, also standing at right, was responsible
for a content analysis of many newspapers published in the
GVR D. Picture by Jim Banham.
UBC RESEARCH
GROUP ANALYSES
GVRD ATTITUDES
By JIM BANHAM
Editor, UBC Reports
Dr. Walter Hardwick doesn't hesitate when he's
asked what he regards as the single most
important result to emerge from the Urban
Futures Project, a three-year study of the
attitudes of Greater Vancouver citizens toward the
environment they live in.
"There's no doubt in my mind," he says, "that most
citizens in the Greater Vancouver area understand the
nature and complexity of the urban issues that have to
be dealt with if the 'livability' of the area is to be
enhanced.
"In fact, when it comes to making policies for the
future, I'm prepared to believe that almost any group of
50 citizens could do fust as well as a group of experts in
the fields of pollution, transportation and housing.
"After all," he adds, "the citizen lives with these
issues every day."
Dr. Hardwick, a member of UBC's Department of
Geography, started the Urban Futures Project in 1972
with a $67,000 grant from the federal Ministry of State
for Urban Affairs. Co-directing the project with him was
Dr. John Collins, an environmental psychologist in
UBC's Office of Academic Planning and a member of
UBC's Department of Psychology. They were assisted by
a host of other UBC researchers who undertook specific
studies.
The Urban Futures Project is also a major
contribution to the Greater Vancouver Regional
District's Livable Region Program, an ambitious project
designed to chart the environmental future of the
GVRD. (For details on the GVRD, see box on opposite
page.)
Dr. Hardwick, who is also a City of Vancouver
alderman and one of five city representatives on the board
of the GVRD, said that the most important group of issues
to emerge from the surveys carried out by the Urban
Futures Project can be grouped together under the
heading of environmental issues — issues related to the
quality of life in the GVRD.
"I think that this sensitivity to environmental issues
can be viewed as a tribute to individuals such as Rachel
Carson and to the news media," he said. "There's no
2/UBC Reports/Oct. 30,41#74
question that the ideas and issues that they have raised
have completely permeated the public psyche to a point
where the environment is of primary importance."
Surveys by the Urban Futures Project team show that
issues such as air and water pollution from industry and
automobiles are of major concern to citizens, as are
questions of congestion caused by automobiles and rapid
transit systems.
Dr. Collins, who directed much of the technical work
of the project, said that public awareness of the need for
a high-quality environment in the Vancouver region is a
good example of the news media helping us avoid a
catastrophe before it actually confronts us.
"While the public at large sees environmental
problems and pollution control as top-priority items, it
is generally argued by other experts that Vancouver still
enjoys a surprisingly clean environment in comparison
with other urban centres of the same size. A
considerable amount of credit is due the media for
creating this awareness in time to avoid an
'environmental doomsday' here," he said.
Dr. Hardwick is quick to inject a note of caution,
however, in interpreting some of the results of the
surveys.
"A planner or a politician, when he hears that
transportation is a major public concern, might interpret
that to mean that the public is prepared to agree to the
investment of huge sums of money in construction of
freeways and rapid transit systems.
"But the surveys carried out as part of the Urban
Futures Project clearly show that citizens in the GVRD
tend to personalize problems, whether the issue is one of
pollution, housing or transportation.
"When people refer to transportation they mean an
irritating stop sign at the end of the street, a delay in
crossing Lions Gate Bridge in the rush hour, or lack of
parking in downtown Vancouver when they're on a
shopping trip."
One of the words that keep popping up when Dr.
Hardwick discusses the Urban Futures Project is
"livability." The project team, he said, had given a great
deal of thought to what people in the GVRD mean when
they use the term.
"The term 'livability' has its roots deep in the past,"
Dr. Hardwick said. "Forty or 50 years ago the citizens of
Vancouver viewed the Shaughnessy area of the city as a
quality urban environment. It was characterized as an
area of imposing homes, quiet tree-lined streets and
beautiful gardens. And the people who lived in that area
were those who patronized and supported the cultural
life of the city — the museums, art galleries, symphony
orchestras, and so on.
"In the last 30 years or so the population in general
has improved its standard of living and has come to share
more and more of the wealth that our society has
created. This increasing affluence has led people to
expect to share in the kind of urban environment that
characterized Shaughnessy 50 years ago.
"In short," said Prof. Hardwick, "the established
wealth of the community created norms that other
people aspire to. The citizen of the GVRD in the 1970s
sees no reason why his surburban neighborhood should'
be denied a livable environment, including pleasant
streets lined with trees, curbs, sewers, community
centres and all the other things that make life
agreeable."
This desire for a pleasant environment also extends
into people's daily working lives, Prof. Hardwick
said. "Fifty years ago the majority of business
leaders were prepared to accept substandard
working conditions, including grimy offices, dirty noisy
streets, etc., because it was an accepted part of the
capitalistic work ethic and because most of them were able
to retreat to quality environments when the day's work
was done.
"Today, with the new affluence of our society,
people in general are demanding a quality environment
in their everyday working lives — carpeted offices, air
conditioning, Muzak, coffee breaks — and this is
reflected in most of the public and office buildings
constructed in recent years.
"They also see no reason why, when they emerge
from their offices, they should be forced to breathe air
polluted by bus and automobile exhaust systems and
industry; they want the streets clean and free of
panhandlers, and they want access to a wide variety of shops and other amenities where the environment is of a
high quality."
This desire for a quality environment can result in
some odd twists, Dr. Hardwick added.
When   the   Urban   Futures  Project was conducting
interviews in the Mount Pleasant district of Vancouver, a
.. major issue at the time was the use to be made of the
site  of old   Mount  Pleasant  School   at the corner of
Broadway and Kingsway.
"A group of young people were agitating for the
creation of a park on the site," Prof. Hardwick said.
"But the local citizens were insisting that the area should
be used for a shopping centre.
"The Mount Pleasant area isn't exactly endowed with
. quality stores and the attitude of the local residents was
that they wanted a shopping centre in their area of the
same quality as Oakridge or Park Royal or Brentwood."
I
n short, says Prof. Hardwick, the question of
what constitutes livability or quality of life varies
even within the GVRD, depending on how local
residents perceive the needs of their own area.
Dr. Hardwick said the idea for the Urban Futures
Project arose about 1970, a period when there was
widespread debate about environmental problems,
including such hot local issues as a third crossing for
Burrard Inlet, and freeways through downtown
Vancouver.
"Almost everywhere in North America at that time
there was a feeling of uncertainty on the part of
decision-makers about public attitudes," Dr. Hardwick
said. "There was a myriad of minority groups pressuring
' governments at every level and it was difficult to
determine exactly what issues the majority of people
were concerned about."
During the 1950s and early 1960s, said Dr. Hardwick,
there was a consensus in the public mind on a whole
series of issues. "Growth, for example, was commonly
held to be desirable and important, ancl this was
reflected in industrial expansion, construction of new
roads, etc. It was even reflected in the enormous
development of the physical plant of this University."
This way of. looking at our society came under attack
in the late 1960s, Prof. Hardwick said, and resulted in
confusion and uncertainty at all levels of industry and
government.
"As a geographer I was interested in broad questions
of public policy," Dr. Hardwick said. "At the time I was
mulling over the project I came in contact with Dr. John
Collins, an environmental psychologist in UBC's Office
of Academic Planning. He had had some experience with
environmental-awareness projects in the United States.
We combined our knowledge and launched the Urban
. Futures Project."
Much of the impact of the project results from its
methodology, the ways in which data were collected by
the research team.
The five major inputs to the project were:
1. An analysis, over a one-year period, of the local-issue
content of 20 of the 35 newspapers published in the
GVRD. Newspaper stories were scanned, sorted into
topical categories, coded and fed into a computer.
2. A two-hour questionnaire administered to 1,671 of
the households in the GVRD. Looked at another way,
the questionnaire was administered to one-half per cent
of the  households  in each  of the  electoral  districts
, making up the GVRD. Responses to the questionnaire
were also fed into the computer to see how the concerns
expressed by citizens matched up with the newspaper
analysis.
3. Nearly 300 non-directed interviews, tape-recorded
with people as they travelled to and from work, in their
homes, or at public meetings.
4. A series of interviews with experts and community
leaders, people in positions of power who, as Dr.
Hardwick puts it, "are supposed to have their finger on
the pulse of the community."
5. A series of "encounter-group" sessions, directed by
Dr. Robert Ratner, of UBC's Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, between the experts and
community leaders and GVRD citizens selected at
random.
All these inputs resulted in an enormous quantity of
data for analysis. On the whole, the two major sources
of information — the newspapers and the questionnaire
— were in agreement on problems facing the GVRD.
Preserving the environment, transportation, and
development proved to be the three issues mentioned
most often  in the newspapers and the questionnaire
A Concise
Guide to
The GVRD
Start with an area of just over 1,000 square miles.
Cover it with just about every conceivable type of
geography, including rivers, tidal inlets, islands,
mountains and farmland.
Add more than a million people living in
environments varying from built-up urban areas
through farms to semi-isolated recreational areas.
Think about the services required — roads, bridges,
sewers, schools, hospitals and parks, to name only a
few.
Then divide the whole thing into 17 separate
communities with differing arrangements for local
government and with populations ranging in size from
350 to 426,256 persons.
What you've just read is a bare-bones description
of the Greater Vancouver Regional District, an area
that encompasses much of the Lower Mainland of
B.C. (See map.)
The GVRD extends, on a north-south axis, from
the North Shore mountains to the United States
border and, on an east-west axis, from Bowen Island
in Howe Sound to the eastern borders of Surrey and
Coquitlam.
It also includes such tiny enclaves as Lions Bay in
Howe Sound, and the University Endowment Lands
responses, although there were differences in emphasis.
The development issue ("Things like new buildings
and Pacific Centres," said Dr. Hardwick) was mentioned
almost twice as often in newspapers as in interviews. The
transportation and environment issues figured more
prominently in interviews than in the newspapers.
Ranking below these three top issues were a group
of approximately 10 concerns where there was a
high rate of agreement in both newspapers and
interviews. Issues included in this group, in rank
order, were law and order, politics, recreation,
employment, housing, education and health.
At the bottom of the list were culture and
eccentricities, the latter category including such things as
nude bathing at Wreck Beach and complaints about
neighbors.
Dr. Hardwick is quick to point out that the Urban
Futures Project found there were significant variations in
concern between various regions of the GVRD.
"Housing was a major concern in the eastern section of
Vancouver, while citizens in outlying municipalities such
as Surrey and Delta put emphasis on the need for
libraries, schools and health facilities."
Dr. Hardwick also points out that the newspaper
content analysis and the interviews were conducted in
1972; issues such as housing, then ranked 10th in a list of
15 concerns, would probably rank much higher in 1974.
Dr. Collins comments that traditional factors such as
age, sex, education and income level don't help to
explain why some people will rank issues such as housing
or economic development high on the priority scale
while others rank the same issues low.
The Urban Futures Project surveys show that knowing
where an individual lives helps to explain his attitudes.
People tend to sort themselves into what Dr. Collins calls
"lifestyle ghettoes"; in other words, they tend to live in
areas where people share similar values that cut across
boundaries of age, sex, income, education, family size, etc.
"Perhaps the most interesting thing to emerge from
the Urban Futures Project," Dr. Hardwick said, "is the
question of which agency is perceived by GVRD
residents as being the cause of problems and which
agency should be responsible for solutions."
Mr. Martin Taylor, a UBC graduate student who did
the content analysis of newspaper stories, also recorded
between the UBC campus and the City of Vancouver,
which is its largest component.
The purpose of the GVRD, which came into
existence in 1967, is to tackle problems and provide
essential regional services and facilities on a basis of
co-operation among the municipalities involved.
Among the functions it has assumed are responsibility
for regional parks, housing, hospital and regional
planning, sewage disposal, water supply and
distribution, and air pollution control.
In 1971 the GVRD launched its "Livable Region
Program," which aims to determine what livability
means to GVRD residents, to find out what they like
and what they don't like, what they consider to be
the region's problems and how they can best be
solved.
A team of UBC researchers headed by Dr. Walter
Hardwick, an urban specialist in the UBC Geography
department, and Dr. John Collins, an environmental
psychologist in UBC's Office of Academic Planning
and Department of Psychology, has made a major
contribution to the GVRD program with a 1972
study called the Vancouver Urban Futures Project.
Some of the results of that study are detailed in the
article beginning on the opposite page.
the agencies most often seen by newspapermen as being
the cause or the solution of problems.
"Municipal or local governments, city hall, call it
what you will, was the hands-down winner in both
categories," Dr. Hardwick said. "Local government was
perceived as being the agency most responsible for
causing problems and for their solution."
Ranking below municipal governments in terms of
causing problems were business, industry, and the
provincial government. After municipal government,
organizations responsible for solutions were the
provincial government, business, industry, and the
federal government.
"The point here," Dr. Hardwick said, "is that the
agency seen as being responsible for the solution of most
problems - local government - is the one which has the
fewest financial resources.
"There's no doubt in my mind that if local
governments are expected to solve problems there will
have to be a substantial transfer of funds from the
provincial and federal governments to the local level so
that municipal governments can do the job.
"Senior governrrients have, however, been reluctant
to agree to this transfer of funds and the next best
solution, it seems to me, is to involve all levels of
government in joint ventures in areas such as
transportation. The federal government could contribute
a lot in terms of transportation technology, while at the
local level municipal officials could contribute in terms
of local sensitivities and routing."
Dr. Hardwick believes that joint ventures for the
solution of problems can be repeated in other issue areas
identified in the Urban Futures Project.
Summing up the Urban Futures Project, Dr.
Hardwick returns to his point of departure.
"There really is a high level of understanding of
the nature and complexity of the major problems
which have to be faced in the GVRD to ensure a livable
environment.
"The so-called experts don't appear to be any more
knowledgeable than the public at large. The language of
the public may be less sophisticated, but its depth of
understanding is equal to that of the decision-makers."
Both Dr. Hardwick and Dr. Collins agree that what are
lacking at the moment are plans for solutions to the
problems faced by the GVRD. Awareness, they say, needs
to be translated into action by employing the best brains
available to develop solutions.
UBC Reports/Oct. 30.1974/3 <|»**%>*%%**w*"f**#-* *HVV *%***%**«^** f •# ff t ft-*-*-'***.*********-** * » ft Mh%H>rV><*,<^^ • -*-%■% VW4»*«**»
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Unique Teacher-training Program
Opens New Avenues in Indian Education
By JOHN ARNETT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
The group of students that President Walter H. Gage
welcomed to the University on a sunny Monday morning
in mid-September was unique in the history of UBC.
'The work that you are undertaking," said the
President, "is'extremely important, perhaps one of the
really important things that the University is going to do
... I wish you all the very best in this very remarkable
project."
The President was addressing 56 native Indian students
from all parts of the province who had enrolled in the
Native Indian Teacher Education Program (NITEP) — a
special program designed by UBC's Faculty of Education,
in co-operation with leaders in the Indian community, to
train native Indians for the teaching profession.
Dean John Andrews, head of UBC's Faculty of
Education, who also addressed the students on the first
day of a week-long orientation course on the campus, said
an indication of the need for the program was that there
are only 26 native Indian teachers in B.C. who hold
teaching certificates, while last year only two Indians were
taking teaching training at UBC.
IMPORTANT PROJECT
"The importance of this project is underlined by the
fact that when you people graduate you will triple the
number of certificated Indian teachers in the province.
And I think that is a revolutionary change in Indian
education in B.C.
"We hope ... that each year there will be more people
coming out, to the point where we have something like a
proportional number of native Indian teachers teaching
our Indian children, and indeed other children in the
province, because your certificates will not be restricted to
the teaching of native Indian students." He said it has been
estimated that if the numbers of Indian teachers were
proportionate to the Indian population in B.C. there
woul'd be 1,300 teachers.
NITEP, which has been more than a year in the planning
stage under the guidance of Dr. Art More, an associate
professor in the Faculty of Education, is funded by a
$150,000 grant from the provincial government.
The program departs from the usual in that students
will take the first two years.of their teacher training at
off-campus centres, eventually moving to the University
to complete their studies.
Students have been admitted to the program either on
the basis of secondary school graduation or as "mature
students," a category in the UBC Calendar for students
who have not completed secondary school but who it is
felt are capable of undertaking University studies, and
who have the personalities to become excellent teachers.
In point of fact, said Dr. More, most of those enrolled in
the program have graduated from Grade XII and a number
have some post-secondary education, either at a
university, or at vocational schools or community
colleges.
"We were very impressed with both the academic and
personal calibre of the people who applied to enter the
program," he said. The enrolment had originally been
pegged at 45, but the response was so great, and the calibre
of those applying so good, that an additional 11 persons
were admitted.
The students will be located in four centres around the
province — in North Vancouver, Kamloops, Williams Lake
and Terrace. The first two steps of the training program
will take place at these centres, with emphasis on attaining
specified teaching competencies and educational
background.
COURSE WORK
Step 3 will consist of formalized University course
work. In Step 4, students will complete professional
studies under the same regulations as students enrolled in
the regular program in the Faculty of Education.
Dr. More said students will receive the Standard
Teaching Certificate at the end of Step 3 and the
Professional Teaching Certificate, along with the B.Ed,
degree, at the end of Step 4.
Dr. More said there isagrowingdesireamongthe Indian
people to attain greater control and influence over the
education of their children. He said that in his travels
around the province he has met many native Indians who
would make excellent teachers because of their interest in
the educational system. However, regular teacher-training
programs were closed to them; often because educational
deficiencies    barred    admission    or    because    of   the
4/UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974
Mrs. Mary Jane Joe, one of 56 UBC students enrolled in a unique program designed to train native
Indians for the teaching profession, gets the undivided attention of a group of students in Norgate
School in North Vancouver. Students enrolled in the Native Indian Teacher Education Program are
currently training in four off-campus centres operated by UBC under a $150,000 grant from the
provincial government. Picture by Jim Banham.
psychological impact of moving to a university campus of
21,000 students from a community of 90 persons.
Dr. More emphasized that representatives of the native
Indian community had a heavy input as members of a
special committee established by Dean Andrews to devise
the training program.
A UBC Reports survey of students enrolled in the
program indicated that perhaps the greatest motivation to
take the course was a desire to help their own people.
"What I really want to do is to help my people in some
way and I can't think of any better way to do it than
becoming a teacher," said Gilbert Shuter, of Merritt, a
drafting graduate from B.C. Vocational School in
Burnaby, who gave up a good drafting job to take the
course.
Dorothy Bourcier, of Williams Lake, who worked as a
teacher's aide after taking a one-year course at Cariboo
College, said one of the main difficulties that Indian
youngsters have in the early grades is learning English.
"I speak Chilcotin as a first language and I had a
terrible time understanding the teacher in the early
grades. In fact, I never really started to enjoy school
until I was in my senior years at high school. By then it
is too late for most Indian children because they have
dropped out long before that. The young children at
least have a chance if they can communicate with the
teacher."
Vina Percivale, of Terrace, graduate of a
post-secondary  secretarial   program,  said  the language
problem was the greatest barrier to success among
students in the Nass Valley, where English is a second
language for most children.
"We managed to solve the problem somewhat by
hiring teacher aides who could speak the Nishga
language, but it took three years to do that. Bilingual
teachers are desperately needed in the early grades," she
said.
BETTER QUALIFIED
Bob Lecamp, of Kamloops, taught in Indian
residential schools for seven years. He originally took a
year of teacher-training at the Vancouver Normal
School, forerunner of the present UBC Faculty of
Education.
"I got partly there in my teacher training, now I want
to go all the way because I want to be better qualified to
help my people," he said.
"I don't want to see them assimilated into the white
society, ... I beMeve they have a great contribution to
make to that society — a contribution that can enrich
the lives of everybody, not just the Indian people.
"There have been some excellent white teachers, but
too often the white teacher regards the Indian as being
intellectually inferior. I think that those of us who are
taking this program and those who will follow will
definitely prove to all that this is not the case." !>      f :   ■   1   1        "
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lllEKi: HiipgirmllML: Wl.' riW^B UBC's New Dairy Unit
Will Serve Many Purposes
The University of B.C.'s new Dairy Cattle Teaching and
Research Unit was officially opened on Saturday, Oct. 26,
by the Hon. Dave Stupich, provincial Minister of
Agriculture.
Featuring closed-circuit television and a system for
removing manure by flushing entire floor areas with water,
the unit is a unique structure in the province's agricultural
industry.
operation and perhaps solving some of the problems that
will come up before individual farmers have to cope with
them."
An automatic feeding system portions out rations to
cattle on an individual basis, and an elaborate flush system
removes manure automatically by flushing water across
sloping floor areas.
il   vrui   i/c   uSSu   fG
commercial milk producers and the public.
The unit will be used to teach courses in dairy cattle
nutrition, physiology, breeding and management to
undergraduate and graduate students in the Department
of Animal Science in UBC's Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences.
Commercial dairy operations almost always have one
breed of dairy cattle only. To expose students to a variety
of breeds, UBC's unit has Hotsteins, Ayrshires and Jerseys.
Larger commerical operations - the trend within the
industry — often specialize and don't have animals in
various stages of development. The majority of milk
producers don't have bulls, for example, and some don't
raise calves or heifers.
TEACHING UNIT
The UBC unit has facilities for dairy cattle in different
stages of development, for teaching purposes. The unit
will accommodate 48 milk cows, 24 heifers, 50 calves, and
has stalls and pens for seven maternity cows and "for one or
two bulls.
"Despite these exceptions," said Dr. Warren Kitts,
chairman of UBC's Department of Animal Science, "the
unit has been designed as a commercial operation, so that
teaching takes place in a realistic environment. The unit
operates on a break-even basis with little subsidy from
UBC, and it is not eligible for participation in the B.C.
Department of Agriculture's dairy cattle assurance
program."
The unit will also be used for research by
undergraduate and graduate students as well as by faculty
members. Fourteen stalls have been provided for animals
used in research projects.
"To serve the needs of commercial milk producers, the
unit has been designed for maximum efficiency and to try
to anticipate and solve some of the problems producers
will face in the future," Dr. Kitts said.
"For example, the roughage component —usually hay
— of dairy cattle feed may in the future not be grown by
dairy farms, usually located close to urban centres,
because of a decrease in the amount of agricultural land
available. Hay would be bought by milk producers from
farms in distant rural areas.
"UBC doesn't have the land to grow its own roughage
and so will  have the experience of running such an
TOURS PLANNED
in.fi+1^     tnn     in/iFnivinn    i irkqr
VVILII      IIIG     HIV.<€53|flQ    UILKJI
Dr. James Shelford, assistant professor in UBC's
Department of Animal Science, there are children today
who have never seen a living cow. The unit is designed to
accommodate large numbers of school children and the
general public, who will be able to watch modern dairy
methods in action.
"A closed-circuit television system with 12 cameras
will be used for classroom and visitor use and as a
management aid, since the unit, apart from the teaching
and research areas, isdesigned to be run by one man," said
Dr. Shelford, who is responsible for the operation of the
unit.
"The closed-circuit system could also be a valuable
research tool," he said."'lt will allow us to observe the
u6h8ViOr Or tne animaiS OO 5 ft-nOur-a-uSy uaSiS, simply
by play ing back video tapes."
Included in the 38,400-square-foot structure are areas
and facilities for 144 animals, feed preparation and
storage, a milking parlor, milk room, open-air corral,
laboratories, classrooms and seminar rooms, and a visitor
and display area.
The architect was Ronald B. Howard and the
post-and-beam unit was built by Mainland Construction
Co. for $711,338. Total cost of the project was $821,850.
Part of the financing for the unit came from donations
by firms and individuals associated with the agricultural
industry as a result of a campaign to raise $500,000. The
campaign was to help finance a number of new facilities
for UBC's Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. UBC will
contri bute $510,000 to wards the new faci I i ti es.
LOGICAL MOVE
Dean Michael Shaw, tiead of UBC's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, said it was logical that, of the new
facilities to be financed by the fund, the new dairy unit
should be built first. Milk production is an important
sector of the province's agricultural industry, he said, and
old dairy facilities on campus had become inadequate.
The new unit replaces the old gambrel-roofed dairy
barn which was a campus landmark for almost half a
century at the corner of the Main Mall and Agronomy
Road.
Commissioner Named
i;4il
l?$$fH!L
Mr. Paul Willing, farm manager at UBC's Dairy Cattle Teaching and Research Unit, lavishes a little tender,
loving care on one of UBC's contented cows. Picture by Jim Banham.
■V "..    -iff- >.
Dr. James Shelford, above, assistant professor in the Department of Animal Science and director of
operations at UBC's new Dairy Cattle Teaching and Research Unit, displays closed-circuit television
system that permits instant viewing of various parts of the unit, which is designed to be operated by one
man. Opening of the new unit in UBC's South Campus research area meant curtains for UBC's old
. gambrel-roofed Dairy Barn, a campus landmark for almost 50 years at the corner of the Main Mall and
Agronomy Road, shown being demolished at left.
6/UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974
Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth, of UBC's Department
of Economics, has been appointed a one-man
commissioner by the provincial government to
investigate B.C.'s real estate industry.
B.C.'s Attorney-General, Mr. Alex Macdonald,
said Prof. Rosenbluth would look into the
industry's code of ethics, the abuse of realtors'
licenses, excessive sales staff recruiting and the low
return on sales and commission rights.
Prof. Rosenbluth, who joined the UBC faculty in
1962, has taught at Queen's University in Kingston,
Ont., and at Princeton and Stanford Universities in
the United States. He is a graduate of the University
of Toronto and Columbia University in New York.
4   ir   ^
Two assistant professors in UBC's Department of
Economics are on leave of absence to co-ordinate a
series of 16 major resource studies for the provincial
government.
Dr. John Boyd and Dr. James Rae will
co-ordinate the studies of four regions of the
province. The studies are designed to plan the
economic development of the province and are
being carried out under the terms of a
federal-provincial agreement announced in March.
H   if   -ir
Dr. Leonard Marsh, professor emeritus of
Education at UBC, is heading a task force appointed
by the provincial government to study the
feasibility of a new community college in the Lower
Mainland of B.C.
The other members of the task force are Dr. J.
Gary Dickinson, an assistant professor of Education
and chairman of UBC's Adult Education Research
Centre, and Mrs. Hilda Symonds, a former member
of UBC's Centre for Continuing Education.
Dr. Marsh is the author of a report which ted to
the establishment of Malaspina College in Nanaimo.
<r  t>  «
Prof. Cyril Belshaw, of UBC's Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, was a member of the
Canadian delegation to the 18th session of the
UNESCO general conference, which met in Paris at
the end of October. Prof. Belshaw spoke for the
Canadian delegation during debates on UNESCO
programs and policies in the field of culture and the
social sciences.
A   it   <r
Mr. Paul Roer, assistant professor in UBC's
School of Community and Regional Planning, is in
charge of a study for the federal Ministry of
Transport to test a unique speed-warning device
invented by a resident of Prince George.
Basically, the device is a large sign, suspended
over a highway, which flashes "too fast" or a similar
message to speeding motorists. The new invention,
and other similar equipment already on the market,
will be tested at six sites on the Lower Mainland.
•b   *   &
Dr. Peter Suedfeld, head of UBC's Department of
Psychology, has been appointed co-editor of the
Journal of Applied Psychology, an international
journal that publishes empirical and theoretical
articles on the application of social and
psychological principals to individual and social
problems. He has also been named consulting editor
of the Canadian Journal of Psychology, the journal
of the Canadian Psychological Association, which
deals primarily with experimental psychology.
&   6   ir
Dr. Norman Watt, director of UBC's Summer
Session, has been given the Creative Programming
. Award of the Western Association of Summer
Session Administrators for his work in developing a
special program for senior citizens on the UBC
campus this summer.
The award is the first made to a Canadian by the
Association, which has members in Canada's three
western provinces, 13 western American states and
Mexico.
More than 500 senior citizens attended
tuition-free credit and special-interest courses at
UBC this summer under a special grant of $15,000
from the provincial government.
The    success    of    the    program    attracted
continent-wide   interest.   Dr.   Watt  has   received
enquiries from a number of Canadian and American
universities which are considering similar programs.
■it   ij   *
Dr. Brian Little, of UBC's Department of
Psychology, is in charge of organizing the
convention of the Environmental Design and
Research Association, to be held on the UBC
campus in the summer of 1976. The international
convention is expected to attract 2,000 to 3,000
architects, urban planners, sociologists,
psychologists, engineers, and others from all parts of
the world. Dr. Little has also been named to the
Board of Consulting Editors of Man-Environmental
Systems, the international journal for the study of
man-environment relations.
<r # a
Dr. Hugh McLennan, of UBC's Department of
Physiology, has been reappointed to the Medical
Research Council of Canada for a second three-year
term.
The 21-member Council allocates grants and
scholarships for medical training and research in
Canadian universities.
■d 6 6
Mr. Nicholas Weesjes, head gardener in UBC's
Department of Physical Plant, was recently selected
as a merit award winner in an international
competition sponsored by the Professional Grounds
Maintenance Society of the United States.
As head gardener at UBC Mr. Weesjes is
responsible for the general appearance of the
campus in all areas not controlled by UBC's
Botanical Garden.
•h 6 Hi-
Prof. Park Davidson, of UBC's Department of
Psychology and president-designate of the Canadian
- Psychological Association. represented the
discipline of psychology at a national conference on
mental health delivery systems in Toronto in early
October.
•b    H    6
Dr, J.H. Quastel, ^of UBC's Division! of
Neurological Sciences, is one of seven medical
scientists from around the world who received an
award from Canada's Gairdner Foundation on Oct.
25.
Dr. Quastel, who has an international reputation
for his research on the brain, is the only Canadian in
the group of seven honored by the Foundation In
Toronto. The other medical researchers were from
the United States.
Dr. Quastel's award carries with it a personal
prize of $10,000- '
The Foundation says it makes the annual awards
to encourage and reward those who have made
contributions to the conquest of disease and to
focus attention upon achievements in medicine.
it  -d  -Ct
Prof. Robert M, Will, a member of the Economics
department, has been named Acting Dean of Arts
while Dean Douglas Kenny is on leave of absence
from his administrative duties as head of the Arts
Faculty. Prof. Will has been assistant dean of the
Faculty since 1969.
Dean Kenny, who will become President of UBC
on July 1, 1975, said he had requested leave to visit
other campuses on this continent "with a view to
familiarizing myself with their problems and their
means of coping with them."
& -it -a
Dr. Harry L. Purdy, a former president of the
B.C. Electric Co. and a Lecturer Emeritus in UBC's
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administraiton,
died on Oct. 21 in the Vancouver General Hospital
after a lengthy illness. He was 73.
Prof. Purdy joined the UBC faculty in 1961,
shortly after the takeover of the B.C. Electric Co. by
the provincial government. He lectured in the fields
of finance and policy until his retirement in 1973.
Dr. Purdy was born in Vancouver. He received his
B.A. from UBC in 1926, his M.A. from the
University of Washington in 1928, and his Ph.D.
from the University of Chicago in 1935.
He"taught economics at Dartmouth College in
Hanover, New Hampshire, from 1929 to 1940,
when he became a research assistant to the U.S.
Government Transportation "Board Iii Washington,
D.C.
From 1943 to 1946 he was assistant director of
research for the Missouri Pacific Railroad. In 1947
he was named director of research for the B.C.
Electric Co. and president of the company in 1961.
Dr. Purdy was a former president of the
Community Chest and Council of Greater
Vancouver. He served as chairman of the executive
committee of the board of directors of Canadian
Cellulose Co. and chairman of the advisory
committee of the Greater Vancouver Regional
Hospital District.
He is survived by his wife, Virginia, and two sons,
Peter and David.       «■■'-■-"
UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974/7 WOMEN'S CENTRE PROVIDES LINK WITH
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[COMMUNITY
participation in the women's movement as part of the
Daytime Program) organized the first conference on the
Status of Women in order to promote collective discussion
of the Royal Commission report. Out of the conference
"Sjrew the Vancouver Status of Women group.
Again, in May, 1973, the Daytime Program and the
Vancouver Status of Women co-sponsored a regional
conference. Over 300 women from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, B.C. and the Northwest Territories met in
Vancouver to discuss opportunities for women. Pat Thom
^opened the conference and stated its objectives — "To
make changes in counselling services, education, training
"and employment to suit women's needs."
SPACE OFFER
The   enthusiastic   exchange  of  ideas  and  the  firm
L resolution by women to put some of their concepts into
practice encouraged Ms. Thom to press on with her ideas
"for the Centre.
And press on she did. Her persistence ended in the
provincial government grant, and that financing, together
with the co-operation of the Vancouver Public Library in
offering  the  physical   space,   brought the Centre  into
! existence.
; Ms. Thom is optimistic about the Centre's future.
"Very likely the excitement generated by International
Women's Year in 1975 will see women's groups increasing
their effort to bring about changes, and that surge of
energy will stimulate individual women to join groups and
attend courses and get with it," she says. "Of course, the
success of the Women's Resources Centre will depend as
' much upon the enthusiasm of the women in the
off-campus community as it does upon the continuation
of the government grant, but from what I have seen, the
enthusiasm is there."
. : ' "iv.
'I,   * * -";>$tai *,.   .     .
Key figures in UBC's new Women's Resources Centre, which opened its doors recently in the main branch
of the Vancouver Public Library, are Ms. Patricia Thom, right, director of the Day time Program in UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education, and Ms. Anne Ironside, centre, co-ordinator of the downtown Centre.
They 're showing their new quarters to Ms. Lois Crawley, left, a new member of the staff of UBC's
Department of Information Services, whose article on the Centre begins on the opposite page. Picture by
Jim Banham.
Dark Age Seen for Study of Oceans
The recent Law of the Sea negotiations could drive
international oceanography back into the dark ages,
according to one of the key speakers at a series of
lectures celebrating the 25th anniversary of the
University of B.C.'s Institute of Oceanography.
"Perhaps it will be said one day," said Dean W.S.
Wooster of the University of Miami's School of Marine
and Atmospheric Science, "that the history of the
Institute of Oceanography at UBC coincided by chance
with the period when international oceanography
reached its highest and most effective level of success."
Dean Wooster's fear for the future of international
Contract Research Grows
An increasing number of UBC faculty members are
doing research under contract to government agencies
and private firms.
Since the research is designed to meet the needs of
the agencies and firms placing the contracts, the topics
are more representative of applied rather than pure
research, and many of the projects are aimed at solving
immediate problems.
Pure research is usually financed by government
agencies that receive requests for money from
researchers who suggest their own research topics. Pure
research topics are often general in nature and there is
no guarantee that the information uncovered will be of
direct or immediate benefit.
A good example of applied research now under way
is the $35,000 contract from Utah Construction and
Mining to Prof. John B. Evans, head of UBC's
Department of Mineral Engineering. Contract funds
cover the costs of monitoring the effects of mine waste
discharged by Utah into Rupert Inlet on northern
Vancouver Island. The project, involving scientists
from a number of disciplines at UBC, was requested by
the B.C. Pollution Control Branch.
Dr. Robert D. Cameron of UBC's Department of
Civil Engineering is studying water seepage from the
Burn's Bog Landfill in Delta, the largest garbage dump
in B.C., under an $8,220 contract with the City of
Vancouver.
Dr. James Kutney, of UBC's Department of
Chemistry, has a three-year contract for $264,540
from the U.S. National Cancer Institute to try to
develop new anti-cancer drugs. Prof. Kutney's
laboratory is one of the largest anti-cancer drug labs in
the world.
The following list is a sampling of recent contract
grants received by UBC. Additional lists will apear in
future editions of UBC Reports.
SCHOOL OF COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL PLANNING.
W.E. Reei — Recreational Carrying Capacity of Trails,
Campgrounds and Daily-use Areas: A Literature Review, for
Indian and Northern Affairs. $5,000.
INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY. T.R. Parsons -
Biological Identification and Sampling of Oil Pollution
Materials in British Columbian Coastal Waters, for Environment Canada (Marino Sciences Directorate). $2,500.
L. A. Mysak — Development of Non-linear Models for the Study
of the Dynamics of Babine Lake, B.C., for Environment
Canada (Marine Sciences Directorate). $6,659.
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES. W.K.
Fletcher — Distribution of Trace Metals in Sediments of the
Fraser Delta, for Energy, Mines and Resources (Geological
Survey). $7,800.
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. V.J.
Modi — Solar Pressure-induced Perturbation of Orbital
Elements for a Satellite in an Arbitrary Orbit, for
Communications Canada. $9,200.
T.E. Siddon — Fundamental Study of Source Detection
Methods and Mechanisms of High-velocity Jet Noise, for
General Electric (Aircraft Engine Group). $51,860.
FACULTY OF COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. C. Swoveland, I. Vertinsky and D. Uyeno - Cost and
Performance which Could Be Expected if Ambulance Service
Were to Be Organized on a Regional Basis within the GVRHD,
for the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District. $15,200.
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL GENETICS. J.R. Miller and
B.J. Poland — Reproduction Research: Effects of Oral
Contraceptives upon Subsequent Pregnancy, for Health and
Welfare Canada. $54,059.
FACULTY OF FORESTRY. T.M. Ballard and R. Willington -
Impact of Timber Harvesting on the Physical and Chemical
Properties of Some Forest Soils in Coastal Southwestern B.C.,
for Environment Canada (Forestry). $13,500.
S.M. Smith and G.CI. Young —  Computer Models of B.C.
Forests, for B.C. Forest Service. $55,000.
J.P. Kimmins, R. Willington and T. Northcote — Extension
Training Course on Streambank Management for Loggers, for
B.C. Forest Service. $ 18,000
J.P. Kimmins — Studies of High-elevation Coastal Forests, for
B.C. Forest Service. $55,000.
oceanographic research stems from current negotiations on jurisdiction over the oceans of the world.
Many coastal nations. Dean Wooster said, want to
extend their sovereignty to include larger areas of
offshore waters. Many of these nations want to control
scientific activity as well as the resources in their
offshore areas.
Control of scientific research by coastal states will
inhibit studies which could increase our knowledge of
the ocean, he said, and this could have disastrous
results.
"I see forces moving inexorably towards a regime
where scientific research in ail coastal waters to a
distance of 200 miles offshore will be subject to the
whim of the coastal states and beyond to the
bureaucratic complexities of intergovernmental
machinery," he said.
"I believe that our present level of scientific activity
in the ocean is entirely inadequate in view of the
societal problems developing. These problems arise
from the vastly increased magnitude and variety of uses
of the ocean and of the human activities that affect the
ocean environment.
"We don't know enough to manage these uses and
activities intelligently. We could make some very
serious mistakes in our ignorance."
Warnings of our ignorance of the sea formed a
recurrent theme in many of the nine lectures. In our
post-industrial society the ocean remains as bountiful
and mysterious to man as it did centuries ago. Though
the sea holds enormous promise, some of the speakers
said, we should exploit it with caution.
Dr. Robert W. Stewart, a former member of UBC's
Institute of Oceanography, said that oceanographic
research in the next 10 to 15 years will require greater
co-operation among geologists, chemists, physicists,
biologists and scientists from other disciplines involved
in oceanography.
Oceanography is one of the most expensive of all the
sciences, he said. The cheapest ship available to Western
Canadian oceanographers costs $2,000 per day to
operate.
Dr. Stewart, director general of the Pacific Region,
Ocean and Aquatic Affairs for Environment Canada,
said that our knowledge of the ocean is so small that we
often don't know what scientific questions research
should provide the answers to.
UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974/9 Master plan for development of the UBC campus and latest moves to implement theplan willbe
described at a Nov. 7 meeting in the Henry Angus Building by Mr. Jordan Kamburoff, left, director
of the Planning Division of UBC's Department of Physical Plant. Pointing out a feature on huge
scale model of the UBC campus is Mr. Neville Smith, director of the Physical Plant department.
Picture by Jim Banham.
Master Plan for Campus
Subject of Nov. 7 Talk
The latest moves to implement the master plan for
development of the UBC campus will be explained at a
public meeting to be held at 12:30 p.m. on Nov. 7 in
Room 11 Oof the Henry Angus Building.
Mr. Jordan Kamburoff, head of the planning
division of UBC's Department of Physical Plant, will
explain the master plan for the campus and describe
developments about to take place in the area between
Agronomy Road and the extension to 10th Avenue.
Mr. Kamburoff's description of the master plan will
be illustrated with slides, and a question period will
follow his presentation. The meeting is open to all
members of the University community and the general
public.
ANNUAL MEETING
Mr. Neville Smith, head of the Department of
Physical Plant, said the Nov. 7 meeting would be the
first of a series of annual meetings to explain the
campus master plan to the University community.
"Many people," he said, "seem to have the idea that
the master plan is a rigid, inflexible design for the
development of UBC. In reality, the plan is quite the
opposite.
"It is founded on a number of generalized, basic
concepts, including such objectives as preserving the
natural beauty of the campus, directing campus
development to avoid inappropriate land use, enabling
students and staff to move between buildings in a
reasonable period, and patterning pedestrian and
vehicle traffic to provide maximum convenience for
each."
Another major aim of the plan, Mr. Smith said, is to
guide campus development toward achieving a sense of
unity and focus.
Mr. Smith said one of the master-plan projects about
to be undertaken involves the beautif ication of the area
between Agronomy Road and the extension to 10th
Avenue, an area almost exclusively occupied by
parking lots.
He said Physical Plant workmen were about to start
10/UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974
planting more than 150 trees in this area as part of a
program designed to improve its appearance.
Mr. Smith said that concern expressed by members
of the University community had resulted in the
University reconsidering plans for development of a
parking lot at the corner of the Main Mall and
Agronomy Road on the site of the recently-demolished
Dairy Barn, a campus landmark for almost half a
century.
He said plans for the intersection call for the
straightening of Agronomy Road, where it made a jog
around the north side of the old Dairy Barn, and
creation of a green belt around three sides of the old
Dairy Barn site.
"I hope that anyone who has questions about
developments on any part of the campus will come to
the Nov. 7 meeting," Mr. Smith said. "Everyone who is
affected by a plan should be given an opportunity to
participate to an appropriate degree in the planning
activity."
Mr. Kamburoff, who heads the planning division of
the Physical Plant department, has a master's degree in
architecture and town planning. Other membersof the
division include Mr. Jim Jorgenson, a civil engineer and
architecture graduate; Mr. Lem Bayly, a civil
engineering graduate who serves as a planning analyst;
and Mr. Harley Jensen, an art school graduate
employed as a draftsman and illustrator. The
division hires outside consultants from time to time to
advise the University on development of specific areas
of the campus.
SCALE MODEL
The division is located in Hut 0-4, a converted army
hut, which also houses a huge scale model of the UBC
campus showing existing and projected developments.
Mr. Smith said the resources of the division and the
model are available, wherever practical, to students and
faculty members for academic projects. Some students
in UBC's School of Architecture are currently using the
model for projects.
RECORD
INCOME,
EXPENDITORE
UBC received and spent record amounts of
money in the fiscal year that ended on March 31,
1974.
The University's Financial Statements, reproduced on the opposite page, show that in the
fiscal year 1973-74 income from all sources
totalled $111,564,560, plus $8,253,665 from
Ancillary Enterprise Operations.
Most of UBC's income in the last fiscal year —
almost $98.2 million — was earmarked for
operating purposes. The biggest single contributor
of operating funds was the provincial government,
which allocated $62,720,000 to UBC. In
addition, the provincial government gave UBC
just over $6.4 million for new construction on the
campus.
Grants totalling more than $15.2 million from
governments, foundations, corporations and
individuals for research were the second largest
source of operating funds in 1973-74. Research
grants made up 15.6 per cent of UBC's total
operating income.
Because of the increase in student enrolment,
UBC collected $10,658,410 in tuition fees, as
compared to $9,769,515 in the 1972-73 fiscal
year. Student fees as a percentage of income for
operating purposes remained static in both years
at 10.9 per cent, however.
Expenditures for operating purposes in
1973-74 totalled more than $95.4 million,
compared to nearly $88.7 million in 1972-73.
Sixty-one per cent of UBC's 1973-74 operating
expenditures — just over $58.2 million —were for
academic purposes, chiefly the payment of
salaries to teaching and support staff.
Expenditures for sponsored and assisted
research were the next largest operating expense,
totalling more than $13.7 million. Other notable
operating expenditures were $5,847,629 for
support of UBC's Library system and $2,330,548
to provide aid to students in the form of
scholarships and bursaries.
A statement of UBC's Ancillary Enterprise
Operations appears at the foot of the opposite
page. Campus Food Services paid $150,700 in
debt charges out of $156,791 budgeted. Family
Housing generated $41,456 for future development. Four other operations — Residences Food
Services, Single Housing Services, the Health
Service Hospital and UBC's Oyster River Research
Farm on Vancouver Island — incurred deficits and
had to be subsidized out of general University
revenues.
UBC's Bookstore had a surplus of $136,646 in
1973-74. This surplus was returned to general
University revenues to offset a similar deficit in
1972-73. UBC's CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FUND TRANSACTIONS
FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 1974
OPERATING FUNDS
General
Purposes
REVENUE
Operating and Capital Grants — Canada $ —
Health Sciences Centre —
Asian Studies Centre -
TRIUMF Project
- British Columbia 62,720,000
Health Sciences Centre —
Agricultural Sciences —
Student Fees      10,658,4110
Services       3,044,280
Investment Income  868,656
Sponsored or Assisted Research  —
Gifts, Grants and Bequests    —
Miscellaneous     47,5'I3
Total Revenue $77,338,859
EXPENDITURE
Academic   $55,797,0(56
Library        5,749,012
Sponsored and Assisted Research (        234,800)
Student Services        1,055,981
Fellowships, Scholarships and Bursaries    864,060
Plant Maintenance, including Renovations and
Alterations-$1,779,518      10,370,801
Administration        3,368,861
Land, Buildings and Equipment  —
Total Expenditure $76,970,981
Ancillary Enterprises (Net) 22,309
$76,993,290
Excess of Revenue over Expenditure
for the year ended March 31, 1974 $     345,5(39
Net Additions to Fund Balances —
Inter-Fund Transfers —
Fund Balances at April 1, 1973 174,760
Fund Balances at March 31, 1974 $     520,329
Specific
Purposes
Total
Endowment
and
Student Loan
Funds
Capital
Funds
Total of
All Funds
$
1,706,927
1,640,533
15,256,183
2,249,611
62,720,000
10,658,410
4,751,207
2,509,189
15,256,183
2,249,611
47,513
737,133
625,735
$
84,853)*
(           84,853)
400,000
400,000
3,323,212
3,323,212
6,000,000
68,720,000
394,105
394,105
12,000
12,000
-
10,658,410
—
4,751,207
1,142,160
4,388,482
-
15,256,183
822,956
3,698,301
—
47,513
$20,853,254        $98,192,113        $  1,362,868        $12,009,579      $111,564,560
$ 58,278,154
5,847,629
13,788,537
1,377,309
2,330,548
$ 2,481,088
$58,278,154
98,617
5,847,629
14,023,337
13,788,537
321,328
1,377,309
1,466,488
2,330,548
18,902
10,389,703
58,376
3,427,237
$18,468,136        $95,439,117        $
22,309
3,484 49,725
-  10,037,404
3,484        $10,087,129
10,389,703
3,480,446
10,037,404
$105,529,730
22,309
$18,468,136        $95,461,426        $ 3,484        $10,087,129      $105,552,039
2,385,118
69,761 )t
9,288,523
1,359,384
1,922,450
69,761
-
24,157,866
14,610,980
$11,603,880
$25,587,011 $16,533,430
'Bracketed figure represents funds returned to the federal government following cancellation of plans to
construct Stage 3 of a teaching and research hospital on the UBC campus. The returned funds were
replaced by capital grants from the provincial government.
tBracketed figure represents unused scholarship fund income which was transferred to scholarship-fund
capital.
STATEMENT OF UBC's ANCILLARY ENTERPRISE OPERATIONS
FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 1974
REVENUE
Bookstore
Housing
Housing
Campus
Residences
Services
Services
Food Services
Food Services
Single
Family
Health        University Total
Service Farm All
Hospital     Oyster River      Sources
Sales
$2,206,062
$1,359,562
$   273,484
$     26,885
$ 59,949
$     -
$258,098
$4,184,040
Rentals and Meal Passes
7,435
59,191
884,448
2,382,953
502,340
—
2,360
3,838,727
Hospital Revenue
-
—
—
-
-
230,898
$230,898
-
230,898
$2,213,497
$1,418,753
$1,157,932
$2,409,838
$562,289
$260,458
$8,253,665
EXPENDITURE
Cost of Merchandise Sold
$1,580,177
$   548,495
$   629,986
$       -
$      -
$    -
$     -
$2,758,658
Salaries and Wages
358,121
604,072
421,851
710,681
71,234
154,533
89,517
2,410,009
Fringe Benefits (including
Board Allowance)
19,253
39,449
25,505
30,586
4,169
7,082
6,422
132,466
Dietary Service
-
—
—
-
—
29,314
-
29,314
Utilities
9,631
-
19,926
221,541
64,907
4,051
6,584
326,640
Other Operating Expenditures
71,009
76,037
44,276
321,813
89,499
19,833
163,991
786,458
Development of Facilities
-
-
-
26,275
10,867
28,963
-
66,105
Debt Repayment, including Interest
-
150,700
45,534
1,323,061
280,157
-
-
1,799,452
$2,038,191       $1,418,753      $1,187,078      $2,633,957       $520,833       $243,776
Net Operating Margin for Year
Reserved for Future Debt Repayment
Accumulated Reserve from Previous Years
Reserved for Future Development
Excess of Income over Expenditure
for the Year Ended March 31, 1974
$   175,306
$       -
38,660
$
($     29,146)
$       -
($   224,119)
$       -
156,005
42,761
$ 41,456
$    -
41,456
$   136,646**   $
($     29,146)    ($   110,875)      $    -
($  12,878)
$    -
($  12,878)
$266,514
($    6,056)
$8,309,102
($     55,437)
$    -
$       -
156,005
122,877
($    6,056)
($     22.3Q9)
"University general revenues have been reimbursed $136,646, representing loss sustained by the UBC
Bookstore in the 1972 73 fiscal year. This loss was absorbed by UBC on the understanding that UBC
general revenues would be reimbursed from future Bookstore profits.
TT
UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974/11 ^m^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
PREPARED FOR UBC REPORTS BY THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
UBC Tutorial Centre Co-ordinator Gary Forsgren, seated, signs up first-year Science student Walter
Mackie for tutoring. Picture by Kini McDonald.
Tutors Aid UBC Students
"Is this where I register for the Tutorial Centre?"
"Yes."
"I know there's a registration fee of a dollar, but
that's all I've got and I need to buy lunch."
"O.K., pay us later," says Gary Forsgren, UBC
Tutorial Centre co-ordinator, as he signs up another
tutor for his pool of academic talent.
The Tutorial Centre idea grew out of a student
tutorial program begun in campus residences several
years ago. The program expanded to a campus-wide
basis four years ago when the Centre moved to the
Student Union Building under the sponsorship of the
UBC Alumni Association, which supplied a grant for a
co-ordinator's salary and administrative and publicity
assistance. This is the third year that the Centre has
worked in co-operation with Speakeasy, the student-
run information and assistance group.
Initially, many students seek help from their
professors when they get behind in a course'. But
sometimes the problem can't lie handled in a simple
office visit. That's where the Tutorial Centre comes in.
It acts as a clearing house, matching up tutors with
knowledge-hungry students.
"This year," says Mr. Forsgren, who is a fourth-year
Physical Education student, "we have had over 200
prospective tutors and students wanting help sign up
with the Centre. We try to get help for everyone who
asks, and so far we've been fairly successful."
Students and tutors come from virtually every area
of the University and both are charged a $1 registration
fee, refundable if the Centre fails to find a student for
the tutor or a tutor for the student.
All other financial arrangements are between the
student and tutor, whose fee depends on the expertise
and the level of teaching required.
The tutors are usually senior or graduate students,
who are contacted at the beginning of the year by
letter. In cases where a tutor in a specific subject is not
available, notes posted on Faculty bulletin boards
usually get quick results.
Students often come looking for help because they
lack, for a variety of reasons, background in certain
subjects. Many requests come from mathematics and
science students, but not all. There's even been a
request for Sanskrit instruction. (Yes, there's a tutor
available.)
This year, more and more Vancouver schools and
colleges are using the resources of the Tutorial Centre
by referring their students for assistance. But there are
some areas that the Centre is not set up to help, such as
the student who wanted lessons in conversational
Dutch. "We're not the place for that," says Mr.
Forsgren, "but I do have a catalogue of local ethnic
groups, so I could tell her who to contact."
There's help available too for UBC students whose
finances are a bit too thin to afford a tutor, but who
12/UBC Reports/Oct. 30,1974
really need help. Mr. Forsgren says he has had
professors and graduate students volunteer to tutor
without fee.
At the moment the Tutorial Centre seems to have
lots of sati jfied customers and would be happy to have
more. As Mr. Forsgren puts it, "I'm just waiting for the
deluge before Christmas exams."
Students and tutors who want to get in before the
rush can register from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. weekdays at
the Tutorial Centre in the main concourse in SUB.
Information on the Centre can be had anytime from
Speakeasy, 228-3777 or 228-4557.
Branches Hear
UBC Speakers
Alumni Branches, east and west, are in full swing
with their fall programs.
UBC's president-designate, Dean Douglas Kenny,
made his first visit to an alumni branch on Oct. 25,
when he was guest speaker at a Kelowna luncheon for
Okanagan alumni. He was accompanied by Gordon
Blankstein, Alma Mater Society president, who
introduced Dean Kenny to the audience.
Kamloops area alumni have been invited to meet Dean
Kenny and Mr. Blankstein at a Nov. 15 event in
Kamloops.
"Higher Education, Soviet Style" was the topic of
UBC's Dean of Science, Dr. George Volkoff, when he
addressed Kitimat, Kemano and Terrace alumni at an
Oct. 28 meeting at the Kitimat Museum. The evening
was sponsored by the continuing education
department of School District 80.
The same day, several thousand miles away, John
Parks, alumni branches committee chairman, was
bringing Montreal alumni up to date on UBC with a
new slide show.
In Toronto, on Nov. 1, UBC geneticist Prof. David
Suzuki will be special guest at an alumni luncheon at
the Downtown Holiday Inn. His topic is "Genetics and
the Destiny of Man." For information and reservations
contact David Papau, 362-4433, or Jack Quistwater,
823-2110, n Toronto.
California alumni are working on final plans for
their fall meetings. San Francisco alumni meet on
Friday, Nov. 22, and Los Angeles alumni on the
following clay. Special guest at both events will be Dr.
Margaret Fulton, UBC's new Dean of Women. For
information on Dean Fulton's San Francisco visit, call
Steward Dixson, 981-4577, or Norm Gillies, 474-7310.
Information on the Dean's Los Angeles visit is available
from Don Garner, 482-2000, Local 1225.
Nominations
Call Goes Out
The call is out for nominations from alumni for the
office of Chancellor of UBC and for the four
Convocation seats on the University's Senate.
UBC's Senate, at its Oct. 9 meeting, approved dates
for elections to the Senate and Board of Governors
necessitated by the passage of the new Universities Act
at the spring session of the B.C. Legislature.
The Act, which changed the structure of the Board
of Governors to include elected representatives of
faculty, students and employed staff, also altered the
composition of the Senate. The number of graduates
elected by Convocation to Senate has been reduced
from 15 to four and direct representation to Senate
from the Alumni Association Board of Management
has been eliminated.
"In previous years alumni and community views
have been well represented by the Convocation
membersof Senate," said Mr. Chuck Campbell, Alumni
Association president. "Our reduced representation
has emphasized the importance of encouraging alumni
who are committed to the idea of promoting excellence
at this University and who are prepared to take an
active part in the work of Senate to put their names
forward for election. Alumni participation has never
been more important than in this year's election. Only
through strong participation will we be able to show
how under-represented we are on Senate."
The present Chancellor, Mr. Nathan Nemetz, Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of B.C., will retire in
1975 after a three-year term. "UBC has been fortunate
to have had persons of the calibre and commitment of
Mr. Nemetz and his predecessors as Chancellor. We
hope that candidates of similar qualifications will come
forward for this election," said Mr. Campbell.
The Chancellor, who confers all University degrees,
is a member of both the Board of Governors and the
Senate. Nominations for Chancellor must be signed by
not less than seven eligible convocation voters. One
provision of the Act is that the Chancellor must not be
employed by the University.
Candidates for the Convocation seats on Senate
must have their nominations signed by at least three
eligible voters. Faculty members are not eligible for the
Convocation Senate seats.
All nominations must be received by the
University's Registrar, Mr. J.E.A. Parnall, by Monday,
Dec. 2. The election will take place by mail ballot on
Feb. 18, 1975. Alumni wishing more information may
contact the Registrar's office, 228-3159, or the
executive director of the Alumni Association, Mr.
Harry Franklin, 228-3313.
NEW ADDRESS?
... or maybe a new name?
Let us know and UBC will
still come to you through
UBC Reports or the Alumni Chronicle
(Follow you to the ends of the earth we will)
Records Department,
6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
Vancouver, Canada, V6T 1A6
Keep that UBC IN FO coming!
Name	
Address	
...... Degree/year	
Married women, please give graduation
name and preferred title	
(Enclosure of old mailing label is helpful)

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