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UBC Reports Oct 2, 2003

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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
[UBC
VOLUME  49      NUMBER   10      OCTOBER  2,2003
UBC REPORTS
2 UBC in the News      3 "Going Postal"     4 Brain Breakthrough      S University Town       5 Happy Anniversary      7 Food for Thought
The Gargirls are back. This is one of three sculptures of nurses in WW I uniforms that grace the corners of the new
Technology Enterprises Facility III Bldg. at the intersection of East Mall and Agronomy Rd. The statues, created by Joseph
F. Watson,  originally adorned Vancouver's first Art Deco building, the Medical-Dental Building on Georgia St. When the
building was demolished in 1989, the 3.3-metre-sculptures were stored until they could find a new home. Replicas ofthe
statues can be seen on the office tower at Vancouver's Cathedral Place. □
Not
Necessarily
for Sale:
Racial and ethnic
discrimination alive and
well in American
mortgage lending
BY ERICA SMISHEK
The  more  things  change   in   the
American inner city, the more they stay
the same.
For decades, banks engaged in a
practice called "red-lining," refusing to
make loans for home purchases, renovations or business investment to
low-income minorities. Today, everyone
and their proverbial dog are lining up to
lend people money. But according to
UBC geography assistant professor
Elvin Wyly, it's just creating new
inequalities in the ways homes are
financed and what the cost and risk of
the credit will be.
He cites the example of Beatrice, an
African-American woman in her 70s
who has lived for almost 50 years in the
same house in Newark, New Jersey.
After repeated targeted telephone solicitation, she entered into a contract for
exterior home repairs. The agent got
her a $46,500 loan at an annual interest rate of 11.65 percent, adjustable
after six months. At the time, the
average initial rate for one-year
adjustable loan was 5.73 percent. The
loan was a "balloon" type, requiring
monthly installments for 15 years and
then a final payment of $41,603.
Months later, after "unconscionably
poor" workmanship, Beatrice was
shocked to learn the precise loan terms
and requirements when she re-read the
numerous and confusing loan documents. She stopped making payments
and the lending firm filed for
foreclosure. Beatrice filed a counterclaim, claiming violations of the Law
Against Discrimination and the Civil
Rights Act, among others. The case
eventually went to appeal and is
believed to be the first appellate court
decision recognizing that predatory
lending practices can violate U.S.
federal and state civil rights laws.
"There is a perception that we've
gotten past racial discrimination and it's
just simply not true," says Wyly, a spe
cialist in urban housing and labour
markets. "There are new ways that
home ownership is being transformed
that create new axes of inequality."
Inequalities are especially pronounced in gentrifying neighbourhoods. Between 1993 and 2000, Wyly
found that capital investment for home
purchases grew twice as fast in gentri-
fied neighbourhoods as in the suburbs.
Over the same period, African-
American loan rejection odds in these
neighbourhoods stood at 2.1 times
those for non-Hispanic whites - even
after accounting for differences in
income and estimated credit risk.
He is currently studying changes in
the U.S. banking industry and the implications for home ownership among
low-income households and racial/ethnic minorities in inner-city U.S. neighbourhoods. Supported by a three-year
grant from the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council, and
assisted by Mona Aria, a doctoral student in geography, Wyly is analyzing
how the institutional structure of mortgage lending has changed race and
income inequalities among borrowers.
Preliminary results point to widening
continued on page 7
New Medical Dean makes
a Positive Prognosis
UBC's medical school will double in size by 2010
BY HILARY THOMSON
The new head of one of Canada's
largest medical schools feels like he's
under a national microscope.
Observing from the other side of the
lens are Canada's 15 other
medical schools focused on the outcome
of UBC's move to double the size of its
medical school by 2010 with education
distributed at three sites in the province.
" I like construction projects - making
this ambitious expansion a reality is a
big part of what attracted me here,"
says Gavin Stuart, a specialist in gynecological cancers and the new dean of
the Faculty of
Medicine. "One
of my goals is to
be a part of
building the distributed education model to
become a national and international benchmark for medical education
and research."
Ta c k 1 i n g
complex projects is nothing
new to the third
generation physician who has served as professor and
head of the department of oncology at
the University of Calgary, vice-president
of the Alberta Cancer Board and
director of Calgary's Tom Baker Cancer
Centre.
His challenge is to lead UBC's Faculty
of Medicine as it expands in 2004, with
students being educated and trained at
the University of Northern B.C. and the
University of Victoria in addition to the
UBC campus. The number of medical
students - who will all graduate with a
UBC medical degree - will double to
256 by 2010. Both Ontario and Quebec
have similar plans for distributed medical education but UBC will be the first
to implement the model.
"UBC is in a leadership position right
now and I feel proud to be part of a faculty with so much talent and so many
innovations already in place. On the
research side, we're very strong, and on
the teaching side students will soon be
learning in an exceptional multidiscipli-
nary environment," says Stuart,
referring to the construction of a $110-
million Life Sciences Centre at UBC.
The 40,000-square-metre facility is
one of only a handful of Canadian med-
New Dean of Medicine, Gavin Stuart.
ical schools to provide integrated life sciences education in disciplines ranging
from neuroscience to social work. It will
also serve as a catalyst for life science
research in B.C.
But there may be some squirming
under the microscope as Stuart grapples
with issues such as workloads, pace of
change, maintaining research momentum in the face of increased teaching
requirements, and recruiting faculty in a
globally competitive market.
He is optimistic, however, that with
health education a government priority
at both provincial and federal
levels, the time is
right to attract
and retain top
academics. He
acknowled -
ges that balancing the objectives of the partners, UVIC and
UNBC, in the
distributed
model will be a
significant challenge.
" Creating a
true working
partnership among three very different
universities in three distinct communities is the task that lies ahead," says the
49-year-old University of Western
Ontario alumnus.
Despite the complexities of the
model, he feels the payoff to the health
of B.C. residents will be significant. A
premise of the new system is that doctors trained and educated in their own
communities are more likely to practice
there, boosting the number of doctors in
rural and underserved areas.
In addition to building the medical
education program, Stuart wants to
support further development of research
activities, both within the faculty and
across the spectrum of health sciences
investigation at the university.
"We have a lot of talent and research
strength here. Success breeds success,
which gives us some exciting opportunities for growth."
Although duties as dean will take up
most of his time, Stuart will do some
teaching and clinical work. An amateur
athlete with a marathon or two to his
credit, he also hopes to explore some of
the running routes in his new
hometown. □
kudos
Political science professor Ken Carty has been appointed director of Research
and Education for the B.C. Citizens Assembly, which was created earlier this year
by the B.C. government to evaluate electoral reform in the province. Carty brings
to the position an extensive knowledge of Canadian and comparative western
politics and experience as a member ofthe federal boundary commission.
The self-governing assembly, randomly chosen from across the province, will
hold public hearings across B.C. to look at all possible models for electing MLAs.
It has a mandate to recommend no more than one electoral system.
At UBC, Carty balances teaching with a research focus on the structure,
organization and behaviour of political parties. He has published widely on the
political recruitment, leadership and electoral activities of parties in Canada,
Europe and Australia. □ 2       |      UBC      REPORTS       |      OCTOBER     2,      2003
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IN THE NEWS
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Hidden Agendas
How Journalists Influence the News
Lydia Miljan and Barry Cooper
In our news-hungry society, where CNN is
considered a staple of primetime viewing,
journalists have become celebrities and
often, political proxies. To a large degree,
our world is shaped by their commentaries
on everything from war to health care to
trade. Hidden Agendas is a no-holds-barred
expose of how the opinions of reporters
decidedly shape the information we consider
news.
188 pp I pb, $24.95 I ISBN 0-7748-1020-3
Ttidden Agendas breaks new ground and expands our understanding
of Canada's media. But be forewarned: Whatever your preconceptions
about who's right, who's left and who's wrong, this little book is full of
surprises."
- Terence Corcoran, Editor-in-Chief, The Financial Post
Order from the UBC bookstore, or from uniPRESSES
tel.: 1.877.864.8477 • fax: 1.877.864.4272 • orders@gtwcanada.com      '': _ ■
www.ubcpress.ca  ubcpk
Victoria Bell
Your University
Area Specialist
www.victoriabell.ca
Top Volume Producer Dunbar Office
1999/2000/2001/2002
Member MLS Medallion Club
1999/2000/2001/2002
Cell 604-209-1382
My real estate goal is to build integrity based relationships
backed with an extremely high commitment to professionalism
and accountability. I offer 23 years of success and experience.
Please call me for any university real estate market information,
current evaluation of your property or any real estate assistance
that you may require.
DEXTER  ASSOCIATES  REALTY-604-228-9339
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in September 2003. compiled by brian lin
Second thought on Statins
After an investigation of the
research behind cholesterol-lowering pills, Dr. James McCormack
and his colleagues with the UBC
Therapeutics Initiative have concluded that the benefit of taking
statins appears to be offset by
equally tangible risks.
"What needs to be done is a
large, long-term trial that compares
statins and diet," Wright told the
National Post.
Wright advises people to talk to
their physicians about why they are
being prescribed cholesterol-
lowering drugs.
"They should be honest with
them about the benefits, and say:
'Here is the real evidence'."
Top ofthe world wireless
UBC has a new wireless local area
network that covers its huge 600-
acre Vancouver campus, making it
the largest and most advanced
WLAN set up by any university or
college in the world.
"It's already changing life on
campus," AVP Information
Technology Ted Dodds told The
Globe and Mail.
"Students spend less time standing in line and more time learning,"
he explains, "while faculty spend
less time administering research
and are actively engaged in doing
research."
The WLAN is just one part of
UBC's three-year, $30-million
project to develop a comprehensive
"e-Strategy" and upgrade its com-
Math student Arsia Assadipour checks e-mail through the world's largest
campus wireless network.
puter network that wraps up this
month.
Catch allergy before it hits
A new study has found that atopic
eczema, an allergic skin condition,
is best treated before it flares up.
"The traditional approach is
reacting when the disease flares up
and then dousing the fire. Now, we
are talking about before the disease
flares, at the very first sign of initiation. We are going to intervene at
that stage to prevent it from getting
out of hand," UBC dermatology
professor Vincent Ho told Reuters.
Airline crisis
Commenting on Sept. 11 's impact
on the U.S. airline industry, UBC
organizational behaviour professor
Marc-David Seidel told United
Press International that the
structures of the airline industry
were creaking long before the
terrorist attacks.
"The large major carriers that
existed prior to deregulation (of the
U.S. domestic market) in 1978 were
founded and built for a regulated
environment. They never fully
restructured to the new deregulated
environment," Seidel says.
The Geee! In Genome
Celebrating 50 years of DNA research
BY HILARY THOMSON
Canada's first national travelling exhibition on the
science of genomics - including a special module honouring the legacy of the late Michael Smith, UBC professor of biotechnology who was awarded the Nobel
Prize in Chemistry in 1993 - opened Oct. 2 at
Vancouver's Science World and runs to Jan. 5, 2004.
Called The Geee! in Genome, the exhibit coincides
with the 50th anniversary of the landmark scientific
publication by James Watson and Francis Crick that
described the double helix structure of DNA. The
exhibition explores topics ranging from the ABCs of
DNA, genes and genomics to the impact of this
emerging field of science on agriculture, the environment
and human health.
" I think it's wonderful that this Canada-wide exhibit
has travelled to Vancouver first because B.C. scientists
have been so instrumental in developing the knowledge
base that we call genomics," says Prof. Sid Katz, UBC's
executive director, Community Affairs, who helped
develop the exhibit. "We hope the exhibit sparks a lot of
public dialogue, not only about health, but also about
fisheries, forestry, agriculture - everything connected
with genome science."
The Geee! in Genome visitors will be introduced to
the intricate functions of genes and cells and they will
learn and have an opportunity to debate controversial
ethical issues such as genetic testing, gene therapy,
human cloning, genetically modified organisms,
labelling and safety, DNA databanks and privacy issues.
Katz worked on the exhibit with David Ng, who
directs the Advanced Molecular Biology Lab at UBC's
Biotechnology Lab, and Asst. Prof. David Anderson of
the Faculty of Education. The team also helped create
the workshop experience for visitors to the exhibit, the
curriculum-based school programs as well as local
speakers' forums to be held at Science World.
Michael Smith was director of B.C. Cancer Agency's
Genome Sequence Centre in Vancouver and founding
director ofthe UBC Biotechnology Lab. The Nobel Prize
recognized his groundbreaking work in reprogramming
segments of DNA, the building blocks of life. His work
is credited by peers as launching a new era in genetics
research. His legacy continues with the recent achievement of the agency being the first in the world to
sequence the SARS virus.
The exhibit was produced by the Canadian Museum
of Nature and is presented nationally by Genome
Canada, in partnership with the Canadian Institutes of
Health Research. The exhibit is hosted by Science World
and presented locally by Genome British Columbia.
The exhibition will visit about nine cities across
Canada over a three-year period. For more information
on the exhibit and the public forum schedule, visit
www.genomebc.ca. □
REPORTS
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae  scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor
Paul Patterson  paul.patterson@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl  chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Designer
Sharmini Thiagarajah  sharmini@exchange.ubc.ca
Contributors
Cristina Calboreanu  mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
Michelle Cook michelle.cook@ubc.ca
Brian Lin  brian.lin@ubc.ca
Erica Smishek erica.smishek@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson  hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Advertising
Cristina Calboreanu  mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
UBC Reports is published monthly by the UBC Public Affairs Office
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Publications Mail Agreement Number 40775044 UBC      REPORTS      |      OCTOBER     2,     2003      |      3
Violent Neighbourhoods can
Lead to Violent Workplaces
Research proves the connection, by erica smishek
Sandra Robinson, professor of organizational behaviour and human
resources at the Sauder School of Business.
unit-wide training to deal with
violence to supporting community
efforts to curb social problems.
All could translate into significant
savings in personal and organizational costs.
Robinson, who has spent a number of years researching the darker,
dysfunctional side of the employee/employer relationship, contract
violations and workplace deviance,
says more research is needed to
explore the multiple factors determining employee aggression.
"We   know  that  management's
treatment of employees does matter,"   she says.   "It can make  for
more productive employees and it
can make for better workplaces.
"But    other    things    influence
1   employee behaviour in the work-
|   place. We need to be aware of the
'i   environment  that  employees  are
s   coming  from  and  consider what
°   people bring from the outside to
I   their work. People don't leave their
personal stuff at the door." □
The risk oF an employee "going
postal" may have more to do with
an organization's postal code than
with how people are treated inside
the workplace.
In one of the first studies to
empirically examine observed
severe workplace aggression, a
team of researchers including
Sandra   Robinson   of the   Sauder
gerous objects at another employee
or property damage).
Robinson says the most interesting finding from the study, published in June in the Academy of
Management Journal, is that the
level of violence in the community
surrounding an organization predicted workplace aggression, indicating   a   "spillover"   effect.   The
We need to be aware ofthe environment that
employees are coming from and consider what
people bring from the outside to their work.
School of Business at UBC discovered that violent crime rates in a
community have a significant influence on workplace aggression.
"If an organization exists in a
high-crime neighbourhood, it's
more likely that there will be violence or aggression in the workplace than if it's in a low-crime
neighbourhood," says Robinson, a
professor of organizational behaviour and human resources.
"It doesn't mean that management's treatment of employees
doesn't matter. This is not to get
bad management off the hook -
but to point out that the external
environment has an impact too."
Robinson and Sauder colleague
Martin Schulz joined researchers
from the University of Western
Ontario, Tulane University in New
Orleans and the Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute in New Jersey
to study workplace aggression in a
large American public service
organization. (The study does not
reveal the organization and neither
will Robinson).
The sample consisted of 250
independent plants spread across
the United States. Plants had an
average of 680 employees each,
including plant workers, clerical
and secretarial employees, equipment maintenance employees and
supervisors.
The research team examined FBI
statistics of official violent crime
rates - number of murders, non-
negligent manslaughters, forcible
rapes, robberies and aggravated
assaults - for the communities in
which each plant was located. They
also analyzed an employee attitude
survey and reviewed the organization's official reports of workplace
aggression incidents (physical
assaults, credible threats and other
severe incidents of workplace
aggression such as throwing dan-
procedural    justice     climate
employees'  shared  perceptions  of
how they are treated in the workplace - did not have an impact.
"We don't know yet why community violence has an impact,"
she says. "Is it because the employees are often hired from these surrounding communities? By living in
these communities have employees
learned aggressive behaviour? Is it
copycat behaviour? Is there some
form of desensitization going on?
"The study raises more questions
than it answers. It was very eye-
opening. "
She says the notion that workplace aggression is a partial outgrowth of community-level violence has practical implications for
organizations, from where and
how they hire employees through
rigorous   company   policies   and
Accommodation
on Campus
TRIUMF House
Guest House on Campus
Close to UBC Hospital
and University Village
5745 Agronomy Road,
(at Western Parkway)
604-222-1062
housing@triumf.ca
www.triumf.ca/thouse.html
UBC United Way
With a successful kick-off event
behind them, and an amount of
over $20,000 raised to date, the
2003 UBC United Way Campaign is
well underway.
"Pledge packages were delivered
in late September, and donors have
already been generous through their
donations and event participation,"
said Deborah Austin, one of this
year's co-chairs. "One of our goals
this year is to raise donor participation and with the improvements
we're seeing already, I believe we
will achieve that."
"Volunteers have really been
working hard on campaigns
throughout departments on campus, " noted Eilis Courtney, Austin's
co-chair. "If you're looking for a
coffee and donut morning, an
international food fair or a 50/50
draw, you can find one in an area
near you."
Upcoming events this month
include the annual Health Sciences
Pancake Breakfast, the Land and
Building Services International Food
Festival and the UBC-Ritsumeikan
Open House. Visit our website at
www.unitedway.ubc.ca for all of
our campaign and event details.
For more information on this
year's campaign, upcoming
events, or how to donate, please
contact Liz King, Campaign
Coordinator, at 604.822.8929 or
united.way@ubc.ca. □
Guest Accommodation
near UBC
HP
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Ask about our UBC Discount!
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604.221.7273
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West Coast Suites
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Here is the perfect alternative for a stay in Vancouver. Surrounded by the
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which to visit friends or make your stay on business a pleasure.
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Reservations   Tel 604 822 1000   Fax 604 822 1001
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f Conferences and
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f Conferences and
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IC      REPORTS
OCTOBER
Protecting Yourself
from Fraud
Economic Crimes Conference 2003
Thursday, November 6
BCIT Downtown Campus
555 Seymour Street
9:00 am-4:30 pm
Don't become a victim.
Attend this full-day
conference and learn
how you, as a consumer
or a business owner, can
recognize and reduce
the risk of fraud.
For program details
and speaker biographies:
604.412.7539
www.economiccrimes.ca
Peter Wall Institute
for Advanced Studies
A Public Panel Discussion
Science Envy
Debating its place in the academy,
the popular imagination and the public realm.
October 16th, 4pm
Frederic Wood Theatre, UBC
Ken MacCrimmon, Moderator
Former Director, Peter Wall Institute
Trevor Barnes
Economic geographer & historian of geography, UBC
Dennis Danielson
Commentator on the literature of cosmology, UBC
Sandra Harding
Feminist philosopher of science, UCLA
Paul McAuley
Award winning science fiction author, UK
free admission
With support from The Leon & Thea Koerner Foundation
Research
Breakthrough
gives New
Hope to
Schizophrenics
Brain cell insulation may
be the key
BY HILARY THOMSON
A UBC researcher has made a breakthrough that promises new treatment for
schizophrenia in the treatment of
schizophrenia patients.
Psychiatry Prof. Bill Honer has discovered that schizophrenia patients show a
significant loss of myelin - the material
that surrounds and insulates brain cells
and helps transmit messages within the
brain - compared to people without the
disease. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), he found there was particular
loss of myelin in the frontal lobes of the
brain that are the site of decision-making
and memory functions. He believes the
myelin abnormality could be a contributing factor in patients' slow recovery from
the illness.
"These findings represent another
window into the mechanism of schizophrenia and open up a whole new area
for developing treatments," says Honer,
who holds the Jack Bell Chair in
Schizophrenia and is a member of the
Vancouver Coastal Health Research
Institute. "Our current treatments can
regulate the disease to some extent, but
even with medication many patients are
still impaired."
This is the first study ever to focus
specifically on myelin loss in living
patients. Previous research has examined
the general condition of white matter, the
material in the central core of the brain
that includes myelin and other components. Honer's work confirms in living
patients what other researchers have
recently discovered in gene studies using
post-mortem samples.
The findings ofthe 1997-2001 study
were reported recently in Molecular
Psychiatry, a journal of the Nature
Publishing Group.
Using MRI technology developed by
UBC multiple sclerosis (MS) researchers,
Honer and his research team looked at
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The highlighted area on the MRI image (r) shows reduced brain cell
insulation in patients with schizophrenia. The dark areas in the image on
the left show normal levels of insulation.
MRI scans of 30 patients with schizophrenia and compared them to a control
group. The patients, who agreed to participate in the study, were being treated by
research team member Dr. Sean Hynn at
Riverview Hospital, a site of the
Provincial Health Services Authority.
The scans showed a 12 per cent loss of
myelin, a biological effect that may be
compared to the appearance of frayed
insulation around electrical wiring.
Researchers don't know the cause of the
abnormalities, however, they do know
that they can impair synchronization of
signals between brain cells, which could
give rise to schizophrenia symptoms such
as hallucinations, delusions and distorted
thinking.
In a second part of the study, Honer
looked at 13 post-mortem samples of
brain tissue collected from hospitals
around the world. He analyzed two proteins found in the cells that make myelin.
One of these proteins was 33 per cent
lower in brain samples from patients
who had schizophrenia. The information
complements the MRI findings and will
further help scientists understand how
brain cell communication is impaired
among schizophrenia patients.
Honer cautions that abnormal myelin
does not necessarily mean a patient will
develop schizophrenia. Scientists haven't
25
YEAR       CLUB 	
UBC honours the
Quarter Century Club.
BY BRIAN LIN
For Richard Prince, the secret to his
lengthy academic career is taking it
one day at a time.
"It's impossible to predict, when
you begin a job, how long you will
stay," says Prince, an art history,
visual art and theory professor who
celebrates his induction into the
Quarter Century Club this year
with 25 other faculty members and
librarians.
Established in 1996, the Quarter
Century Club was established to
recognize faculty members and
librarians who have served at UBC
full-time for 25 years. Each new
member receives a certificate of
membership, a gold pin or pendant,
and a club membership card good
for free admission to the Botanical
Gardens and discounted admission
to the UBC Aquatic Centre.
Having conducted research and
taught at UBC for a quarter of a
century, Prince says he hardly ever
notices the passage of time, except
on one occasion a couple of years
ago when he walked past the grove
of oaks adjacent to the SUB.
"There is now a beautiful canopy
forest," Prince muses. "When I
began working here, they were just
little saplings."
Prince was hired as an assistant
professor in 1978, but his relationship with UBC began long before.
"I was raised not far from campus and did both my undergraduate
and graduate work here before I
started teaching, so I feel like I've
been here all my life."
Prince, best known for his series
yet found a way to reverse myelin degradation, but drugs in development to treat
MS patients - who also suffer myelin loss
- may improve the condition in patients
with schizophrenia.
Affecting an estimated one person in
100, schizophrenia most often develops
in individuals aged 16-30 years. The
mechanism of illness remains unclear.
The disease affects women and men with
equal frequency and often appears earlier in men. A biological disorder of the
brain, schizophrenia is treated with a
number of medications that help to balance complicated interrelated chemical
systems of the brain. The medications
can have serious side effects, however,
ranging from drowsiness to loss of white
blood cells. About 10 per cent of individuals with schizophrenia commit suicide.
"Schizophrenia is a tragic illness for
both patients and their families and treatment hasn't changed much in 50 years,"
says Honer. "These new avenues of
research reinforce that this is a biological
disorder and gives further hope for better
treatments."
Next steps in Honer's research program include studying how nerve cells
communicate with cells that make
myelin, looking at genetic variations in
myelin and determining exactly how
myelin loss affects function. □
Visual arts professor Richard
Prince celebrates his induction to
the Quarter Century Club.
of sculptures based on the northern
lights, which has spanned more than
two decades, says interacting with
students is by far the most rewarding
aspect of university life.
"There hasn't been a single year
where I haven't met students who
were exceptionally brilliant and
doing outstanding work," says
Prince. "It's a privilege to be able to
help them form the ideas and
attitudes which, in the long run, will
make a better world."
In addition to Quarter Century
Club inductees, this year's annual
dinner, held on Oct. 2 also honours
50 faculty members and librarians
who have worked at UBC for 35
years, a group known collectively as
Tempus Fugit (time flies).
For a complete list of this year's
inductees to the Quarter Century
Club and the members of Tempus
Fugit, visit www.external-
affairs.ubc.ca/ceremonies/qcc □ 1C  REPORTS  |  OCTOBER  2,  2003  |  5
A Degree of
Difference
for First
Nations
Social
Workers
A huge impact for the
Squamish Community
BY BRIAN LIN
It's been 30 years in the making, but the
first two-hour class of the new First
Nations Bachelor of Social Work program is already changing the way Delhia
Nahanee works as a resource social
worker in the Squamish Nation.
Nahanee, who has worked as an
employment counsellor in the
Downtown Eastside and now recruits
and trains foster parents for the
Squamish Nation, says her psychology
degree from UBC has been useful, but the
new program has broadened her view
and provides a unified vision of various
aspects of social work.
A joint venture ofthe UBC School of
Social Work and the Squamish Nation
held at the Lucas Centre in North
Vancouver, the five-year pilot program
offers formal training to those aboriginal
caseworkers who wish to obtain a certificate or diploma in social work.
"Social work is an intimate business,"
says social work Assoc. Prof. Richard
Vedan. "People tell you intimate details
of their lives and place great trust in you.
"Most of these students already have
a world of experience and tacit
knowledge in the practical aspects of
social work," says Vedan, who is also
director of the First Nations House of
Learning. "Now the formal training
will open doors for them that were
previously shut."
Twenty-five ofthe 35 new students in
the program come from the Squamish
Nation and more than half of the students have worked more than 20 years in
the field.
" There are people who work with elders, on income assistance, in drug and
alcohol programs, and staff from the crisis centre," says Nahanee. "We're all
working together to assist the Squamish
Nation and the opportunity to learn
together will give us some consistency in
our formal training and a more solid
foundation."
"The regular, interdepartmental communication will be an amazing spin-off
benefit for the Squamish Nation's social
development."
The program is the brainchild of
Squamish Social Development
Committee director Gloria Wilson and
UBC social work alumnus and long time
Squamish social program facilitator
Stephen Kozey.
Kozey who attended the UBC School
of Social Work with Vedan in the early
1970s, was the first UBC student to carry
out a field placement in the Squamish
Nation. Since then, he has been working
to create an environment where aboriginal social workers can receive formal
training and the Registered Social Worker
designation.
A satellite was set up briefly with the
help of the B.C. Association of Social
Workers in 1973 and six aboriginal caseworkers received a non-degree RSW designation, including Wilson.
"A few years later, the association cancelled the program and all social workers
were required to have a bachelor's
degree," Kozey explains.
Undeterred, Kozey facilitated the formation of an organizing committee,
which includes Wilson, her assistant
Linda George, Squamish Elder Barbara
Charlie, and UBC Social Work and
Family Studies director Graham Riches,
to ensure the program is both culturally
sensitive and practical.
"We were with them every step of the
way through the information campaign,
registration process and will continue to
give one-on-one support throughout the
course," says Kozey, who has been
retained by the Social Development
Committee of the Squamish Nation to
tutor students in the program.
" It took a while, but it's now a tremendous opportunity for the participants to
increase their skill levels and apply these
skills and new knowledge to work with
their clients immediately," says Kozey.
Historically there has been a large discrepancy between the number of aboriginal people accessing social workers and
the number of aboriginal social workers.
The addition of social workers from
their own community with a four-year
degree or two-year diploma will significantly elevate the service delivery levels in
the social and health programs of the
Squamish Nation, says Kozey.
Squamish Hereditary Chief Leanne Joe
says these students will have a huge
impact on their community.
"Healthier communities and families
will be the outcome." □
University Town Continues to Grow
The dream becomes reality, by erica smishek
UBC
When you live and play close to where you work, life can take on a slower pace as it does for Prof. Raymond Ng
and his son Kevin.
UBC computer science professor
Raymond Ng likes to joke that if he has a
class at 8:30 a.m., he doesn't have to get
up until eight. As a resident of the town
homes in Hawthorn Lane, a neighbourhood located in the middle of the UBC
campus and named for anthropology
professor emeritus Harry Hawthorn, he's
not far from the truth.
Ng is one of 9,000 faculty members,
staff and students who choose to live on
campus.  That number is expected to
"UBC has good potential to develop a
university town that is vibrant, that offers
academic training, culture and social
interaction. That's what students will
remember when they leave UBC and
that's why they will donate money back
to UBC. TTiey will remember the good
times and the sense of community."
University architects first envisioned
"a university city in an idyllic setting" for
UBC in 1914. Ninety years, much consultation and various strategic and com-
institutional lands. Non-university community members will also form part of
the future residential mix.
Market housing will be sold on a lease
basis, with UBC retaining title to the
land. Money generated by these leases
will significantly increase the size of
UBC's endowment, which is used for
teaching and research purposes as well as
student financial assistance.
While many share Pavlich's enthusiasm, the development has also had its
UBC has good potential to develop a university town that is vibrant, that offers
academic training, culture and social interaction.
reach 18,000 by 2021, when the collection of university neighbourhoods known
as University Town reaches completion or
"build-out."
"The UBC campus is a very unique
sub-community in a geographical sense,"
says Ng, a faculty member since 1992
who lived for many years in Hampton
Place before moving to Hawthorn Lane.
" Compared to anywhere else in the city, it
has low density, the air is fresh, the whole
setting is beautiful and rather unique.
o
THE   UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   |   VANCOUVER
Annual General Meeting
Tuesday, October 28 12:15-1 p.m.
The 2003 AGM will be held at UBC at Robson Square,
celebrating UBC's accomplishments of the past year.
Alexandre (Sacha) Trudeau, documentary filmmaker and
member of the board of directors for the
Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, will be the guest speaker.
The entire proceedings will be Webcast - all students, faculty
and staff are invited to view and participate in the event.
There will be an opportunity to submit questions to the speakers
and university administration via the Webcast.
Link to the Webcast from 12 noon onward on
October 28 at www.ubc.ca
munity plans later, development continues on Mid-Campus and Theological
Neighbourhoods, two of eight local
areas that will mix housing with shops,
parks and other amenities to support the
academic and cultural fabric of campus
life. Consultation is currently being conducted on an updated plan for University
Boulevard and the East Campus Draft
Neighbourhood Plan.
"Our foremothers and forefathers
cited this place as a wonderful university
city," says Dennis Pavlich, VP External
and Legal Affairs. "We're trying to play
catch-up with that original vision."
Pavlich explains that the idea of a university town is not new. The urban vitality found in such American campus
communities as Ann Arbor and Berkley
or in more historic universities such as
Oxford and Cambridge verifies the success of this concept.
"To create a university town that is
exciting and enriching to the student, to
the faculty and staff- it acquaints everyone to the ideas of civic responsibility, of
civic enjoyment, of cultural enjoyment,"
he says. "We're trying to make it a pleasant, interesting and instructive place in
the very formative years of a student's
life. A lot of adults get a vicarious charge
from it."
UBC has essentially been a commuter
campus with up to 50,000 students,
faculty and staff flooding in to Point
Grey in the morning and out at the end
ofthe day.
"This is an attempt to make the campus alive," says Pavlich. "We want to
give people a reason to stay here."
As outlined in Trek 2000, UBC's
vision for the future, University Town
will help attract and retain faculty, students and staff through a mix of new
housing and services that will reduce the
number of vehicles coming and going
from campus.
The University Town vision calls for
50 per cent of new market and non-market housing to be targeted to households
where one or more members attend university or work at the UBC campus. At
least 25 per cent ofthe full-time student
enrollment will be housed within the
share of detractors. Some question the
sustainability of both the plan and some
of the actual buildings; others say not
enough of the housing is affordable for
people who work or study on campus.
Ng, who has been involved with a
campus community planning committee
through the University Neighbourhoods
Association and whose partner also
works on campus, supports University
Town but has concerns nonetheless.
"If all the houses are going to cost
more than half a million dollars, few faculty members can afford them," says Ng.
"We need more balance. We need a certain percentage dedicated to affordable
faculty housing, staff housing and student housing. We want the majority to
benefit from what is happening."
Given the expensive housing market
around UBC, Ng says affordable housing is vital for faculty retention and
recruitment.
He sees some irony in the fact that a
housing plan originally motivated to
keep people who work or study on campus here and reduce traffic is now attracting people who will commute to work
downtown and elsewhere.
Pavlich asks, "What's wrong with
including people from other parts of the
community? Why shouldn't students
mix with people who live on campus but
work elsewhere? We're not creating a
monastery here.
"People are coming here to learn
about life, about science, about the
cultural and social aspects that make up
life. TTiey need a variety of people and
experiences."
Ng, meanwhile, likens a more vibrant
campus to an architectural concept
from Italy, one of his favourite travel
destinations.
"I think one ofthe reasons people find
Italy so attractive is the piazza, the town
square. It's a unique meeting place for
people, somewhere where they can share
time and ideas and enjoy life.
"To develop University Town so there
is a real community here for people to get
involved with each other is a great idea."
More information about University
Town is available online at www.univer-
sitytown.ubc.ca. □ 6      |      UBC     REPORTS      |      OCTOBER     2,     2003
SPECIAL LECTURE:
DR. FRANCIS COLLINS
Director of the U.S. National Human
Genome Research Institute
Dr. Collins is a physician-scientist and has
been involved in a remarkable series of
genetic discoveries, including the discovery
of the gene for cystic fibrosis. Since 1993 he
has served as the leader of the International
Human Genome Project, overseeing an
unprecedented effort to map and sequence
all ofthe human DNA, as well as determining
aspects of its function. In April 2003, all of
the goals of the Project were completed,
more than two years ahead of schedule.
"Are we more than our genes ?"
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 4:00-5:30 PM
AT THE HEBB THEATRE, 2045 EAST MALL
PIZZA RECEPTION & DISCUSSION WITH DR. COLLINS
AT THEA'S LOUNGE, 6:00-8:00 PM
(RSVP to Jochem Roukema: 604.827.5007 roukema@mech.ubc.ca)
A practicing Christian, Dr. Collins has written of his own spiritual journey from atheism to
faith during his medical internship and has expressed in various ways the synthesis of
his personal Christian faith and his scientific perspectives. He is also greatly appreciated
for his reflections on the current status ofthe genome project and the possible future
consequences and implications for humanity.
This lecture is organized by the UBC Graduate and Faculty Christian Forum, supported by a
grant of the UBC Murrin Fund. For more info, please visit our website at http://gfcf-ubc.ca
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YouVe Come
A Long Way,
Baby
UBC Women s Resources
Centre celebrates 30 years
BY CRISTINA CALBOREANU
When it first opened its doors in
January 1973, the UBC Women's
Resources Centre (WRC) consisted of a
half-time coordinator in half an office. It
answered 1,000 telephone inquiries in its
first year. Thirty years later, the WRC
has six professional counsellors and
close to 50 volunteers donating approximately 7,000 hours a year, and provides
services to more than 25,000 women
and men a year.
The centre grew out of the Daytime
Program of the UBC Centre for
Continuing Education. Designed to provide non-credit courses for people interested in learning but not with a degree in
view (the vast majority of whom were
women), the Daytime Program looked
to the only North American model, the
University of California at Los Angeles.
The WRC has continued to evolve
from a specialized resources centre for
women re-entering the workforce, to a
life planning and adult learning centre
for women and men, offering free drop-
in peer counselling, and personal development and life planning programs
ranging from assertiveness training to
financial planning and parent/child conflict resolution.
"There are, within universities,
research units and women's studies programs that operate on an academic or
student service basis," explains acting
director Beth Hawkes, " but to have a
university centre that operates in an integrated way, that is both a community
service and a teaching and learning
environment - that's rare."
Despite having expanded its services
to include men, the WRC is holding
onto its name, in deference to its roots,
but also because, in Hawkes' words,
"it continues to be informed by skills
and attitudes that remain strongly
based in women's psychology and
ways of being in community and in
society: a lot of collaboration, a lot of
de-emphasis on ego and hierarchical
issues, a lot of mutual empowerment
and support."
"Our curriculum is constantly being
developed," says Hawkes. "Inaddition
to our successful certificate programs,
we are always bringing in guests and
resources for our volunteer associates
to help them deal with specific issues
that clients bring up. Personal goals
and work-life balance are big right
now, because so much change is taking
place in the workplace. We're also getting more highly skilled professionals
through the door.
"With the baby boom generation,
there are emerging themes related to
positive or creative aging; people are
thinking about the meaning of their
lives in new ways. The rise in uncertainty at all levels is also an issue,
whether we talk about SARS, electrical
infrastructure, or global terrorism - we
see problems associated with fear and
insecurity, which can lead to depression, substance abuse, family and
workplace conflict, and so on."
With the WRC's 2000 move to
UBC's Robson Square campus have
come new responsibilities and perspectives. "Here we are a window between
the downtown campus and the community," says Hawkes. "That calls on
us to take our traditional strengths,
which have been very focused on the
needs of individuals, and to expand
our scope to include programming
that addresses the health and well-
being of the larger community." □
TIME    PIECE    1975
'n '975 the biggest room on campus was the Armory. At the time, this
former armed services drill hall was being used as an indoor tennis court
but from Dec. 8 to 19, 40 tarpaulins capable of covering more than
20,000 square feet were laid down to protect a special asphalt-type
finish and 726 tables and chairs were brought in to create UBC's biggest
exam room. It took 12 physical plant workmen two days to make the
conversion. □
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
WHAT WOULD YOU CALL AN OUTDOOR SPACE THAT'S LARGER THAN MANY LIVING ROOMS?
T
You probably wouldn't call it a balcony. Similarly, if you'd like
the space of a second bedroom, but don't need the bedroom,
it'd be up to you to call it what you like. Study. Entertainment
Room. Guest Room. It's your home. Use it, and name it, however you choose. So, what's labeled as a study could become a
wine cellar, or a tech room. But whatever you call it, there are
two names that you won't want to change - Chancellor House
and West Point Grey.
And with over 65% of the homes sold, you'll want to
act soon or you'll just have to call it gone.
Stop by our Discovery Centre at 1715 Theology Mall
(at Chancellor Blvd)
Open noon til 5pm daily (except Fridays)
www.chancellorhouse.ca
or call 604.228.8100
CHANCELLOR     , * •-"""-'
INTRACO RP
X
X
CHANCELLOR
HOUSE UBC      REPORTS       |      OCTOBER     2,      2003      |      7
Not Necessarily
For Sale
continued from page 1
inequalities in the ways homes are
financed and used as vehicles of debt,
creating new inequalities in the
long-term material benefits of home
ownership.
"Home ownership is presented as a
solution to all the world's problems,"
says Wyly. "This research demonstrates
that there are a lot of caveats to that."
Wyly has found that many minority
and moderate-income households
gained access to home ownership for the
first time in the 1990s, but new waves of
investment are making many parts ofthe
city unaffordable and worsening the
shortage of inexpensive rental housing.
In addition, old inequalities of exclusion
and discrimination remain.
The result is a complex urban system
of old and new forms of inequality, with
wide variations in racial exclusion.
"No matter how you slice and dice it,
you still find persistent racial disparities,"
he says. "They vary across different
cities. In one city, racism has an African-
American face, in another Latino."
He has also uncovered discrimination
along gender lines.
"Lenders, brokers, realtors and home
renovation agents often specialize in narrowly-defined markets. The transformation of the financial system has allowed
some of these actors to extract profits in
new ways. Elderly African-American
widows have become an important target market for abusive home lending,
particularly if they've built up some
home equity over the years, but also have
medical expenses or home repair needs,"
Wyly explains.
"Some of the new practices used in
inner-city housing markets violate all our
traditional assumptions about mortgages and lending. Foreclosure and
default are supposed to be bad for everyone involved. But there are people who
are learning to make a profit from it."
"The good and bad thing about the
1990s is that companies found ways of
making a profit out of almost anything,"
Wyly says.
The 1990s saw widespread innovations in underwriting, risk modeling and
ways of measuring and pricing the various components of risk and profit in
making a loan - and selling these as securities on Wall Street. The decade also saw
the rapid erosion of the traditional institutional structure of home mortgage
lending - neighbourhood-based banks
and thrifts were overshadowed by large
financial services conglomerates catering
to the wealthiest customers, specialized
divisions of large banks making high-
cost loans to borrowers with blemished
"sub-prime" credit, and a new breed
that have come to be called "predatory
lenders" who specialize in the home
equity and refinance loan markets and
use deceptive tactics and hidden, excessive fees to strip out homeowners' equity.
"We need to talk about those
connections in a very open way to
understand what's good about those
connections and what needs to be
changed," he says. □
Accommodation for
UBC Visitors
Toint (grey
Quest House
Retiring Within 5 Years?
4103W. 10th Ave.
Vancouver, B.C.
604-222-4104
info@pointgreyguesthouse.com
www.pointgreyguesthouse.com
UBC's new executive chefPiyush Sahay shows off the new ThinkFood exotic sandwich.
New Food for Thought
Cuisine goes "haute" at Place Vanier. by brian lin
Students returning to Place Vanier resi
dence this fall were greeted by a pleasant
surprise sure to whet their appetites.
UBC Food Services unveiled a newly
renovated cafeteria last month, revealing
a cozy and elegant space filled with aromas of both hearty and exotic cuisine.
"It's campus cafeteria meets
Milestones," says Food Services director
Andrew Parr, who supervised the first
renovation to the cafeteria in more than
25 years. "There's a strong movement in
North America towards gourmet-style
residence dining and we are aiming to
position ourselves ahead ofthe curve.
"The response from both parents
and students has been overwhelmingly
positive."
The new cafeteria, complete with
wall-to-wall scenic windows and twin
fireplaces, offers students, faculty and
staff a variety of choices from cook-to-
order pastas and ethnic gourmet to
grab-and-go sandwiches.
"Integrating packaged food with
individual gourmet stations speeds up
the serving process," says residence chef
Steve Golob. "The other day 250
people came through at lunch time, and
we were able to serve everyone within
18 minutes."
"Everything is prepared fresh daily,"
says Piyush Sahay, who brings more
than 15 years of experience in restaurant
management to his new role as executive
chef. "But students can decide whether
they want to have a sit-down meal or
pick up something quickly on their
way to class."
Sahay, who joined UBC this summer,
has worked in resorts and hotels in
France, Bombay, South Africa and
Mombasa. He spent seven years at
Vancouver International Airport supervising the catering of more than 5,000
meals a day for Cathay Pacific,
Lufthansa, Korean Air, Singapore
Airlines and Japan Airlines.
Food Services also launched its new
brand, ThinkFood, with brightly colour-
coded packaging and gourmet fast
food, available at all Food Services
outlets on campus. Favourites like
potato salad and chicken wraps now sit
side-by-side with exotic palate-teasers
like Cuban grilled chicken ciabatta and
Thai beef wrap.
"We're also improving the quality
and consistency of our packaged foods
by introducing a commissary chef to the
graveyard shift for the first time," says
Parr. " And the selections will continue to
grow according to feedback from
students, faculty and staff."
Both   Place   Vanier  and   Totem
Residence dining rooms are open seven
days a week (including holidays) for
breakfast, lunch and dinner. The dining
rooms are open to all students, faculty
and staff. For menus, visit www.food-
serv.ubc.ca. □
Come on get
Healthy
New symposium shows
how
BY HILARY THOMSON
Find yourself teetering on the seesaw of
work-life balance? UBC's first health
symposium may help.
The free event will take place Oct. 20
from 8 a.m.- 4:30 p.m. at the Chan
Centre for the Performing Arts, in
celebration of Canada's Healthy
Workplace Week.
Hosted by UBC's department of
health, safety and environment, the symposium is open to all UBC faculty and
staff. The event features two keynote
speakers, Dr. Martin Collis, an educator,
humorist, scientist and singer, and Dr.
Deborah Kern, an expert on mind-body
health and author of Everyday Wellness.
In addition, there are six breakout sessions with speakers presenting information on work-life balance, down-to-earth
tips on preventing illness, recognizing
depression and deciphering the world of
alternative therapies.
"We recognize that many faculty and
staff struggle to maintain a balanced
lifestyle and that personal well-
being often gets left by the wayside," says
Gerry Latham, manager of UBC's Health
Promotion Program and organizer of
the symposium. "We hope this event
will launch an exploration of wellness
and help to equip people with the
information and tools they need for
healthy living."
Complementing the presentations is a
health fair in the Chan Centre's lobby.
Accessible throughout the day, the fair
will showcase interactive health related
exhibits. Staff and faculty will have an
opportunity to participate in a screening
clinic where they can discover their blood
pressure, blood glucose, blood cholesterol and bone density status.
Individuals must register to attend the
symposium. For further information
and to register online, visit
www.hse.ubc.health-symposium or call
604.822.1451. □
Dunbar Eyecare
— optometry —
Dr. C. Hriekenbeek
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