UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Mar 24, 1988

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King Carl XVI Gustaf ot Sweden, seen here with UBC President David Strangway, toured the campus
March 18. He was accompanied by Queen Silvia on his visit
Siddon at ceremony
Fisheries lab
given to UBC
by Jo Moss
Tom Siddon, the federal minister of Fisheries
and Oceans, will visit the campus Friday, March 25
to give the keys of a former government fisheries
technology laboratory to UBC.
In a brief ceremony, Siddon will unveil a plaque
at the 30-year-old Vancouver Laboratory on the
west side of campus, officially turning over the
22,000 square feet of laboratory and office space
to the university.
Siddon said he was pleased to be able to
support seafood research at a major western
"Technological advancement is the key to
keeping the Canadian fishing industry competitive,''
he said.
The Fisheries and Oceans research unit has
moved to new facilities In West Vancouver.
The Department of Food Science, which
currently operates out of three separate locations
on campus, will take over the building.
"For the first time, we
will all be under one roof,"
said William Powrie,
department head.
Faculty members in
Food Science are
currently conducting
research in cramped
facilities under crowded
and unsafe conditions.
The new building will
provide more laboratory
space, Powrie said.
Part of the Vancouver
Laboratory building, about
1,500 square feet of non-laboratory space, is
occupied by the International North Pacific
Fisheries Commission which has had tenancy
since the 1950s. Under the university's ownership,
INPFC will remain for at least the next ten years.
The acquisition of the Vancouver Laboratory
follows closely on the heels of the formation of the
new B.C. Food Technology Centre—a collaborative
venture between the Food Science Department
and the Fisheries and Food Products Branch of
B.C. Research, a non-profit research organization
which promotes industry research and development.
(B.C. Research is located on the UBC campus,
but is not affiliated with the university.)
The partnership provides for cooperative
research and development, and transfer of
technology to the food industry, including the fish
processing sector. The Centre will also provide the
public and private sectors with a number of
services including assistance in business
management and marketing.
With the establishment of the Centre, and
increased laboratory space in the new building, the
Food Science department will be able to expand its
research program in seafood science and other
"Up to now we have been hindered by lack of
laboratory facilities," Powrie explained. "The
Vancouver Laboratory is perfect for our needs as it
was designed and built specifically for food
research, with an emphasis on seafood."
The building offers walk-in freezers, a small
cannery, a chemical analysis laboratory, and a
food analysis laboratory for flavor and texture
"We'll be able to undertake more innovative
research that addresses some of the major
problems in the seafood product industry," Powrie
Current research activities in seafood science
indude developing simulated scallops from
underutilized fish, and investigating the storability of
frozen aquacultured salmon under modified
atmosphere packaging.
The new facility will allow expansion of this
research and provide for new initiative. One
proposed study is to investigate polyunsaturated
fatty acids in B.C. fish products and determine their
relationship to the prevention of heart disease.
"The building will help foster our collaboration
with B.C. Research in the development of all
aspects of food technology," Powrie said.
Seafood science research is just one part of the
department's broad spectrum of food research,
some of which is undertaken in collaboration with
industry partners. Food Science researchers have
developed new foods from milk by-products, a
dairy-free ice cream; and investigated new
methods of assessing the nutritional quality of
processed food products.
Still in developmental stages is an innovative
process for preserving fresh fruits and fish with
non-toxic inert gases, increasing their shelf life.
Sliced mangoes, for example, can be stored up to
24 weeks. The process wiH offer enormous
economic benefits to Canadian fruit farmers
allowing high quality fruit to be shipped to foreign
Volume 34, Number «5, March 24,1988
$436 million in
KAON spinoffs,
study predicts
by Debora Sweeney
Technology spinoffs from a proposed KAON
factory at TRIUMF will total $436 million per year, a
report prepared for the provincial government says.
TRIUMF and provincial government officials are
seeking that amount from the federal government
to construct the facility.
The project has a price tag of $571 million. So
far, the provincial government has committed $87
million, but plans to go ahead are on hold until the
federal government assesses the economic
Support for a KAON factory at TRIUMF from
Japan, Europe and the U.S. is expected to reach
$150 - $200 million, more than twice the $75 million
recommended by a federal review committee.
With the economic impact report in hand,
TRIUMF Director Dr. Erich Vogt believes the case
for a KAON factory is indisputable.
The questions put to us by the federal
government have now been answered very
positively — even more positively than we
thought," said Vogt.
Kaons are tiny sub-atomic particles made up of
quarks, which are thought to be the most fundamental building blocks of matter. With a KAON
factory, physicists could study quarks in a new
way, probing more deeply into the nature of matter.
The report states aggressive exploitation of
TRIUMF/KAON technology, once up and running,
would result in sales of $243 million, in these
Microelectronics. Electronic circuitry 100-
1,000 times faster than the silicon circuits used by
90% of the world's electronic companies.
Nuclear Physics and Chemistry. Developing
pharmaceuticals for use in hospitals.
Measurement Systems. A new generation of
PET (Positron Emission Tomograph) scanners,
currently used to provide pictures of the human
brain at work.
Control Systems. Advanced robotic and
artificial intelligence systems which can measure
the condition of high tech machinery in one ten-
millionth of a second.
Software. Converting information gathered at
extreme speed into pictures.
Electromagnetic systems. Developing sophisti
cated Radio Frequency (RF) technology for use in
medical and space research, and for radar
Cryogenics. Producing extremely low temperatures necessary for superconductor research and
Anticipating business opportunities, a TRIUMF/
KAON Ventures Office has been established,
headed by Dr. Richard Johnson. Johnson said
there are several industries across the country
which wiH be targeted for technology transfer.
"Technology transfer in the last several years
has been recognized as a national need," he said.
"A lot of what we do involves scientists and
engineers at UBC, cooperating with companies like
MacDonald Dettwiler, Microtel and Canadian
The report says in eight years, paybacks to
governments will be in excess of $120 million per
year by combining potential sales with $161 million
in production from the direct operations of a KAON
report to Senate
A report examining UBC's policy on
advanced placement and advanced credit for
high school students taking enriched academic
programs will go before Senate April 13.
The report, prepared by the Senate
Admissions Committee, contains feedback
from UBC faculties on recommendations made
to Senate last November by a presidential
Task Force on Liaison, Recruiting and
UBC President David Strangway said he
welcomes discussion and comment about the
task force recommendations (see insert this
New policy comittee
approved by Senate
by Gavin Wilson
Despite strenuous opposition, the Senate has
established an advisory standing committee on
academic policy.
Critics of the proposal said the committee was
neither necessary nor wanted, however the Senate
gave its approval at its March 16 meeting.
Dr. Richard Spencer, who proposed the new
committee, said Senate needs such a body to draw
up long-term academic goals and give guidance to
members who often get bogged down in the details
of day-to-day decision-making.
He suggested the committee could took at such
issues as enrolment, levels of research funding,
liaison with other institutions and the long-term
implications of curriculum.
Critics such as Dr. Paul Tennant dubbed the
new body a "super committee" that would duplicate
the work of existing committees and fundamentally
change the way Senate operates.
"I'm worried about the duplication of work and
the denigration of existing committees," said Law
Dean Peter Bums. "I don't see how this committee
would function any better than what we have now."
Science Dean Dr. Robert Miller asked: "What
special information or wisdom would this committee
have to allow it to usurp the power of existing
But Spencer said the intent is to create an
advisory body with no more power than other
Senate committees.
"It's only power would be to report to Senate,"
he said. "It would give Senate a tool to do its job
better, tt wouldn't be an alternative to Senate."
Spencer recommended that the committee on
academic policy report to Senate "at least annually"
and meet with other committees on an ongoing
"As it stands, I dont believe Senate is well-
prepared to make decisions on the establishment or
discontinuance of new programs. We have no
framework to work with, no coherent policy, no plan,
no guidelines to use as references," he said.
Dr. Luis De Sobrino agreed, saying that Senate
members are often left with their own instincts when
making committee decisions. They could use more
information about the university's long-term
objectives, he said.
Commerce and Business Administration Dean
Dr. Peter Lusztig suggested that the new committee
would conflict with the powers of faculties to
establish academic policy. Faculty recommendations on academic matters are taken to Senate for
Spencer said the work of the committee would
not interfere with the academic leadership of the
President's office or the autonomy of faculties and
He recommended that the committee's first task
be to produce detailed terms of reference for itself. Use of oxygen by
Natives in Andes
subject of study
by Gavin Wilson.
UBC researchers are off to the Andes
Mountains next month in a quest to understand
how the human body manages to adapt to low
levels of oxygen.
High in the mountains of Peru, the researchers
will examine six volunteer Quechua Indians. Their
exercise performance capacities and metabolisms
will be tested both in the Andes and then later at
lower elevations in Canada.
The Quechua are able to perform strenuous
work at 16,000 feet. At that altitude there is almost
fifty per cent less oxygen than at sea level and low-
landers gasp for breath with the slightest exertion.
The research could have a number of applications, said Dr. Gordon Matheson, a member of the
research team. Some tests will provide hard
evidence on whether electrical stimulation of
muscles is beneficial for rehabilitation. It is a
popular therapy, although controversy surrounds
its effectiveness.
The research could also offer a model for the
study of muscle diseases, such as muscular
dystrophy, Matheson said.
But the focus of study is to find the trigger that
shifts the gears of the human body from an aerobic
metabolism, in which oxygen is used to create
energy, to the anaerobic metabolism, which doesn't
require oxygen to create energy but leads to rapid
muscle fatigue.
The differences in the metabolisms can be
illustrated by looking at two types of runners. A
marathoner needs a steady supply of energy over
a long distance; a sprinter uses energy stored in
the body in a quick burst that canl be maintained
Researchers wiil compare the Quechua's use
of oxygen, glucose and fatty acids to provide
energy with endurance athletes such as marathon
runners, short-burst power performers such as
hockey players and unfit, sedentary people.
"The study wiH try to determine whether or not
oxygen limitation is the prime stimulus for the onset
of anaerobic metabolism," Matheson said.
"Everyone has always assumed it has been, but
our early data suggests that it is not the case."
It is commonly thought that the anaerobic
metabolism takes over from its aerobic counterpart
when the demands for energy is greater than that
which can be supplied by inhaled oxygen.
•Matheson says some recent experiments show
Urinary tract
disease studied
in women
at UBC
by Debora Sweeney
UBC's Division of Infectious Diseases has
begun an examination of recent evidence that links
urinary tract infection in women with the use of
According to previous studies, women who use
the diaphragm might be more likely to have a
history of bladder infections.
"if you mention urinary tract infection to any
group of young women, most can relate because
they or their friends have been exposed to the
problem," said Dr. Anthony Chow, who heads the
division. "The majority of women develop this as
an acute problem with severe symptoms and it has
the potential of developing into a more serious
infection of the kidneys."
Several factors have prompted researchers to'
look more closely at devices women use including:
the discovery of pelvic inflammatory disease; the
banning of certain intrauterine devices like the
Dalkon Shield; and the association of tampon use
with toxic shock syndrome.
Collaborating with UBC Student Health
Services, Chow's research team is looking for
volunteers to take part in the study, funded by
Health and Welfare Canada.
The team will analyze four comparison groups
— women who use the diaphragm, the cervical
cap, oral contraceptives, and those who have had
tubal ligations — to link a particular type of
contraceptive practice to urinary tract infection.
Chow is particularly interested in volunteers
who are starting a new method of contraception or
who recently have had a tubal ligation.
Volunteers can contact Carole Cole at 875-
2   UBC REPORTS Match 24,1988
that other factors, such as the work rate of the
heart, may be mor^ important in making the shift.
The study may also shed some light on the
ability of the human body to adapt to life at high
altitudes. Much is already known about this, but
there are theories yet to be tested, Matheson said.
"Very few of the studies have been done on
individuals whose genetics and upbringing are
altitude-adapted for generation after generation —
and who are then brought down to a low altitude,"
he said.
The study is supported by a Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council grant to
zoologist Dr. Peter Hochachka, whose earlier work
on similar problems in high altitude adopted
animals — llamas, alpacas, and deer — set the
stage for these experiments.
The interdisciplinary study also involves other
sub-programs and a collaborative group of
scientists which include Dr. Don McKenzie, Sports
Medicine, Dr. Wade Parkhouse, a post-doctoral
fellow, and Dr. Peter Allen, head of clinical Nuclear
Magnetic Resonance unit at the University of
Alberta. The NMR unit will be used to test the
Quechua' muscle metabolism.
More tests will also be done as the Peruvians
adapt to tower elevations.
"Every week we're going to repeat a number of
tests: heart function, aerobic and anaerobic
capacities, hemoglobin counts, lung function," said
Regional blood flow will be examined to see if
they have a greater surface area in their lungs for
the exchange of oxygen. The Peruvians may also
have hearts that pump greater volumes of blood
per contraction than other people, he said.
Chair funded
for research
in nickel alloy
by Jo Moss
The Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council and the Nickel Development
Institute are funding a research chair at UBC to
explore new market applications for nickel alloys.
"We'll be investigating non-traditional applications of nickel alloys, in high temperature environments, for example," said Alec Mitchell, a professor
in the Department of Metals and Materials
Engineering who will be filling the research
The NSERC/lndustrial Research Chair in
Nickel Altoy Development is the second such chair
in the Metals and Materials department.
The department has played a large part in
developing Canadian nickel alloy technology, said
Mitchell, who joined UBC in 1966.
"We've been responsible for a lot of changes in
the nickel industry. Every aircraft engine flying
today has parts that were made by processes
developed at UBC."
Canada is one of the world's major producers
of nickel and UBC's research under the new chair
will help to broaden the global market for Canadian
products, Mitchell said.
The Nickel Development Institute is an
international association of nickel-producing
companies, including Canadian companies such as
Falconbridge, INCO Alloys International and
Sherritt Gordon Mines, which sponsors research
and development in the nickel industry.
Under terms of the research agreement, NDI
will contribute $45,000 annually in cash and in-kind
contributions. NSERC will $41,100 annually for
five years to support the chair.
Nickel alloys are characterized by resistance to
corrosion as well as strength. Conventionally used
in pipe manufacturing and other construction
materials, they are also found in electronics   ,
devices as magnetic shielding films—metal layers
thinner than a credit card that prevent stray
magnetic fields from interfering with the circuit
In the aerospace industry, nickel alloys are
used for engine parts, such as turbines, that are
subjected to high temperatures and high stress.
Mitchell said his research will improve and
develop the manufacturing processes used in
nickel alloy technology. The techniques he
-   develops will be tested in industrial settings in five
countries: Canada, U.S., Japan, France and the
A graduate of Oxford University where he did
his MA in chemistry and D.Phil, in metallurgy,
Mitchell is one of the world's leading researchers in
nickel alloys. He has served as consultant to a
number of companies including INCO Alloys
Photo by Warren Schmidt
Heather Campbell's game is in tip top shape and so is her leg after laser treatment cleared an artery
/:ii^iii s,§
arteries in leg
by Debora Sweeney
For the first time in Canada two UBC
surgeons are using a laser to dissolve blockages in clogged leg arteries, reducing the need
for arterial bypass surgery.
Since June, Dr. Peter Fry and Dr. Lynn
Doyle have performed the laser procedure on 25
patients at UBC Hearth Sciences Centre
Hospital. The success rate is between 60 and
70 per cent
"Our policy is to tell patients they have a
blockage in their arteries where we would
normally advocate bypass," said Fry, "but in
some cases, we can do it with the laser, without
surgery, cutting their hospital stay and the risk
factors associated with surgery."
Arterial disease is common in middle aged
and elderly people, especially among heavy
smokers, said Fry. Often, people discover they
can no longer enjoy exercise or walking because
of tightness and cramping in their legs.
Heather Campbell, a Vancouver teacher,
suffered more than a year of agonizing pain
before she underwent the laser treatment. ~
"I got a cramp I thought was a tennis cramp,
but it never got better," said Campbell. "In '86,1
walked for miles at Expo, but in the last year, I
couldn't walk more than two blocks without
severe pain."
Teaching elementary school added to
Campbell's problems. "I was on my feet a lot. I
used to swallow an aspirin or two and continue
on with the pain."
Dr. Fry performed the laser treatment on
Campbell, zapping two large blockages from her
By inserting a tube in the artery, he passed
the laser through until it reached the blockage.
Then, he activated the hot laser tip, generating
heat of 400 degrees centigrade to dissolve the
build-up of calcium, cholesterol and tissue
clogging the artery.
After cutting through the blockage, he introduced a balloon catheter to stretch out the
artery, widening the passage.
"From the minute he did the procedure, my
leg hasn't hurt," said Campbell, who is enjoying
her tennis game once again.
Fry, too, is delighted with the results. But,
he added the treatment is still in its infancy —
so far his is the first hospital to perform it in
"This is not going to replace vascular
surgeons and ifs not going to replace the need
for bypasses," he said, "but for some patients, it
offers an alternative form of treatment. From
the patient's point of view, it saves the amount
of time he or she has to spend in hospital."
$965,000 to support
fish technology research
by Jo Moss
B.C. Packers, the largest fish processor in the
province, is supporting a $965,000 research chair
at UBC to help upgrade fish processing technology.
Two new university positions—a senior and
junior researcher—will operate the program.
The Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council (NSERC) Industrial Research
Chair in Industrial Automation in the Fish Processing Industry has been approved in principle by
NSERC, subject to the hiring of a suitable
candidate to fill the senior research position.
B.C. Packers is contributing $375,000 over 5
years to support the research chair. The company
is also making its facilities available for testing new
technology developed under the program.
NSERC is providing $590,000 for the chair in
the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
The establishment of the research chair reflects
a need among Canadian fish processors to remain
competitive with the United States, Japan and the
U.S.S.R., countries that dominate the world market
and are introducing high technology into their
processing factories.
The creation of this expert group at UBC will
have very positive effects on the future well-being
of the fisheries industry," said federal Minister of
Fisheries and Oceans Tom Siddon. "It will be the
centre of research for the development of specialized industrial processes and equipment and infuse
the latest methods into our local industry."
There is a shortage of university-based
programs dealing with the problem of application of
high technology to the fish processing industry, not
only in Canada but world-wide.
About $500 million worth of seafood products,
primarily salmon, is produced in B.C. annually and
the industry accounts for about 25,000 jobs nationwide.
The two new researchers will provide a focus
for the expertise of a number of UBC researchers,
in areas such as computer-aided design, industrial
automation and robotics, to develop specialized
industrial processes and machines designed to
meet the requirements of local industry.
Such a group would not only be the first of its
kind in Canada, it would also provide a much-
needed source of graduates with an expertise in
the mechanical aspects of fish processing.
"Even small improvements in some of the
processing operations could lead to very major
savings and increased revenues," said Axel
Meisen, Dean of Applied Science.
Upgrading the technology used in the mechanical processing of B.C.'s fishing industry would also
reduce wastage and improve efficiency. That
could lead to increased gains against other food
products on the international market.
"Increased industrial efficiency could mean a
gain not only in the fish export market, but also in
the larger food export market," Meisen said.
The machinery commonly used in fish
processing plants does not deal effectively with a
raw product that varies in size, shape and texture.
During the process of butchering, skinning,
cleaning and filling cans, a substantial amount of
the fish is damaged and rendered unusable.
One of the solutions would be to design
equipment that can adapt its functions to each fish
product it deals with, and complete the process at
higher speeds, Meisen said.
It's estimated that a one-per cent improvement
in product recovery at B.C. Packers could increase
revenue by as much as $1 million annually.
The research group could also address other
problems in the fishing industry including fishboat
stability and design, fishboat fuel economics,
product freezing and transportation, and unloading
and sorting procedures.
The Faculty of Applied Science has a year in
which to find an engineer qualified to fill the senior
research chair. B.C. Packers and NSERC must
approve the final candidate. I-it
to release
3 new types
of plants
by Lorie Chortyk
Three new or largely unknown plant varieties
will be released to Canadian gardeners in April
through UBC's Plant Introduction Scheme.
The Plant Introduction Scheme, the most
successful program of its kind anywhere in the
world, provides new plant material to gardeners
through participating B.C. garden centres. The
program is operated by the UBC Botanical Garden,
in cooperation with the B.C. Nursery Trades
Association, the B.C. Society of Landscape
Architects, and research institutions in Canada and
the United States.
Botanical Garden director Bruce Macdonald
said the program "has succeeded beyond our
wildest expectations."
"We are now one of the acknowledged world
leaders in plant introductions, and five research
institutions in Britain, the United States and eastern
Canada are currently modelling plant introduction
schemes after our program."
Research expertise at the university is used to
identify and develop existing plant varieties from
UBC's own garden collections and from collections
around the world that will have widespread appeal
to both professional and home gardeners.
"We look for plants that have good color, long
flowering periods, are easy to propagate arid
tolerant to diseases, and will have strong commercial value," said Macdonald.
A careful screening-and evaluation process is
used to select the varieties that will be released to
the public each year. After,a final choice has been
made by industry participants, 500 to 1,000 plants
are propagated at UBC and sent to participating
nurseries for large-scale propagation and
distribution to gardeners across Canada and
around the world. In 1987, sale of the new plants
earned B.C. nursery operators an estimated $1.9
The program started out with 10 nurseries
producing plants for the B.C. market Today,
Macdonald says, 26 nurseries are involved, and
plants are exported to Holland, Denmark, Britain,
Germany, France, New Zealand, the United States
and Japan, in addition to Canadian markets.
Since the program's inception eight years ago,
nine new plants have been introduced. In April,
three plant varieties — White Icicle (Ribes
sanguineaum). a white flowering selection of a
shrub native to B.C., Bride's Saddle (Diascia
rigescens). a South African perennial with rose-
pink flowers, and Crispy Wood Sage (Teucrium
scorodonia). a perennial known for its unique "frilly"
foliage, — were released to the public.
John Schroeder, president of Valleybrook
Gardens Ltd. in Abbotsford, B.C., and head of the
B.C. Nursery Trades Association, said the program
has given the industry outstanding international
"It's really put us on the map in the world
market, and it's given us new and superior plants to
offer local gardeners."
For Macdonald, the biggest reward is seeing
the garden's collections move from UBC into the
"As a gardener, I know there's nothing more
frustrating than visiting a Botanical Garden and
seeing wonderful, unique plants that aren't
available through local nurseries. I'm pleased that
our collections are being used by gardeners and
nurseries around the world."
Professor battles clock
to save native languages
by Lorie Chortyk
A UBC anthropologist is racing against time to
help save B.C. native languages from extinction.
Dr. James Powell, an anthropological linguist,
said native languages may go the way of the dodo
"Of the more than 20 native languages that
existed in B.C. before the arrival of the Europeans,
four have already vanished," he said. "Only three
languages — Chilcotin, Nass-Gitksan and Carrier
— are in relatively good health. The others are
disappearing quickly."
Along with other linguists and teachers, Powell
and his research team are working to preserve
native B.C. languages by creating written versions
of languages which until now have been passed
down orally. The team also creates dictionaries
and curriculum materials so the languages can be
taught in schools.
"If a language is to be preserved, communities
must make an effort to use it in everyday life," said
Powell. "Native languages are dying out because it
is becoming more and more the norm for native
children to have English as their first, and usually
only, language.
"If knowledge and regular use of a language is
skipped by even one generation, ifs almost
Impossible to revitalize it."
Powell said linguists from around the world
come to B.C. to study Northwest Coast languages.
"Our native languages have some of the most
interesting and complex sound systems found
anywhere in the world," he said. "Some of the
languages, for instance, have 12 different types of
K sounds."
The complexity of the sounds sometimes make
it difficult to convert them into an alphabet that can
be typed on a conventional keyboard, Powell said.
"Although an international phonetic alphabet is
available for writing these languages, community
members often find the characters strange and
cumbersome to use," said Powell. "Instead, we set
up what we call a 'practical' writing system and
allow the community itself to decide how their
language should be written."
Powell recommends combining language
teaching with traditional activities such as
potJatches, dancing, hide-tanning and canoe-
"In Alert Bay, for instance, the students put on a
play potlatch every year completely in their native
Powell said the success of efforts to save
native languages from extinction depends on the
level of commitment from the native communities
themselves, funding agencies, researchers and
$500,000 donated for
real estate research
by Jo Moss
The Real Estate Foundation has donated
$500,000 to UBC's Faculty of Commerce to help
finance real estate research and given a further
$100,000 to establish a teaching fellowship.
The income from the $500,000 capital grant will
help fund the newly established Canadian Real
Estate Research Bureau, an integral part of the
Management Research Centre and Library to be
located on the UBC campus.
Currently still in the planning stages, the centre
will house five or six research bureaus each
specializing in a different area, as well as the David
S.C. Lam Management Library. Construction is
expected to begin in 1990.
"The real estate bureau will make more
effective use of faculty members in Urban Land
Economics and other UBC departments who are
involved in research of real estate policies and
issues," said Stanley Hamilton, Associate Dean of
Commerce. "It will fill a much-needed research gap
in the field of Canadian and North American real
Not only will the new bureau boost research on
some of the more pressing issues in the industry, it
will offer a number of services to both the private
and public sectors including a computerized data
base of up-to-date real estate information and a
bibliography reference service..
The bureau will be supported by endowments
from the real estate industry. An initial $1 million in
capital is being sought.
George Gau, Chairman of the Urban Land
Economics Division noted that the additional
$100,000 donated by The Real Estate Foundation
will establish a Real Estate Foundation, Scholars
and Fellows Fund.
Canada plays Chile
in Davis Cup tennis
at War Memorial
by Jo Moss
Canada's Davis Cup team will try to stave off
demotion from the championship group when it
meets Chile in Davis Cup action at UBC, Friday,
April 8 to Sunday, April 10.
Canada and Chile are both strong contenders
in the playoffs and the best-of-five weekend series
will determine which team remains eligible to play
in the championship group of the American Zone.
The losing team will be demoted to Group II and
will have to emerge champions in that division to
regain entry to the championship group.
The American Zone is widely acknowledged as
the toughest of the four zones in the international
Davis Cup competition.
The weekend promises to be a very emotional
affair, said Canadian team manager Robert
Bettauer, since Canada also has a score to settle.
The last time the two teams met in Davis Cup play,
in Santiago in I986, Chile defeated Canada 3-2.
Index of B.C.
by Gavin Wilson
Historical research in B.C. will never be quite
the same now that an index of more than 1,500
newspapers published in the province has been
The B.C. Newspaper Project, directed by UBC
librarian Margaret Friesen, is the most comprehensive listing of provincial newspapers yet compiled. It
will serve as a model for a national database.
The index includes everything from obscure
specialty publications to today's major metropolitan
dailies. A browse through the index reveals ethnic
and underground journals, editions read by
goldpanners in the heyday of Barkerville and the
paper you are now holding in your hands.
The index lists the newspaper holdings of 169
libraries and archives — from those in small B.C.
towns to collections in New York and London,
It should prove invaluable for historians,
genealogists and other researchers, said Friesen.
"Often the only information on a specific subject
appears in newspapers published outside the major
cities. And ethnic papers offer different points of
view as well," she said.
The print version index will be become dated,
but the electronic version on-line at the library Is "a
living database," said Friesen. "As information
comes in, we'll try to keep it on-line."
The job took more than a year to complete.
Many of the newspapers listed no longer exist.
"The format of newspapers almost guarantees
that, over time, the paper they are printed on will
eventually disintegrate. Some of our printed
heritage is already gone," said Friesen.
The project was funded by a $75,000 grant
given to the B.C. Library Association by the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
The co-investigator of the project was freelance
librarian Linda Hale. Brian Owen, formerly with
UBC, was project consultant.
On the Canadian team
is Grant Connell, 22, from
North Vancouver, and
Glenn Michibata, 27, of
Toronto, who will team up
against Chile's best in the
doubles showdown April 9.
Quarter-finalists at the I988
Australian Open in
Melbourne, Connell and
Michibata were winners at
the Smirnoff Challengers
last fail. Connell was
recently named Tennis
Canada's Player of the
Year for I987.
Also named to the team were Andrew Sznajder,
21, from Toronto, twice the Canadian men's singles
champion; Chris Pridham, 22, from Oakville, Ont.
who is ranked No. 80 in the world; Martin Lauren-
deau, 23, from Mount Royal, Que., quarter-finalist
in the Stockholm Open; and Hubert Karrasch, 19,
from London, Ont., a former national under-18
Bettauer said the team is both experienced and
versatile. He noted that Karrasch has joined the
team as a developmental player and will not
compete in this Davis Cup play.
"It's unique to the Davis Cup that one of the two
countries competing is always playing on home
turf," Bettauer said. "Because the playoff is over
three days, the crowds get to know the players well
and the excitement gathers momentum. We
expect spectators to wave
flags and stamp their feet,
like at a hockey game."
He said hometown
support has often
generated surprising
upsets in Davis Cup
Unlike other tennis
competition, team
members do not receive a
special appearance fee,
Bettauer said. They
receive a nominal
payment to cover
The upcoming event, which will be held at the
War Memorial Gym, is the first Davis Cup playoff to
be held in Vancouver in more than 15 years, and
only the third in more than 75 years.
Series tickets for all three days cost $38 and
are available now through VTC/CBO outlets. Daily
tickets are $15 and will go on sale Friday, March
UN appoints
Dr. Peter Oberlander, a UBC professor of
regional planning, has been appointed to the
Canadian delegation for the 11th session of the
United Nations Commission on Human Settlements. The session, which will be held in New
Delhi on April 6, will focus on activities earned out
during the International Year of Shelter for the
Homeless, and participants will recommend further
international action.
Dr. Oberlander will report on a two-year study
earned out on homelessness in Canada.
Photo by Warren Schmidt
A team of second and third-year UBC law students were winners of an annual Moot Competition against
the University of Victoria in Vancouver, Feb. 6. Pictured with faculty advisor John Horn are team members
Will Westeringh, Rick Mullau, Wolfgang Rao, Nuala Cavelti, Christiana Hile, Peter Roberts, Simmi Dhami,
Bev Elingson, Lena Del Santo, Stuart Rennie, Geoff Dabbs and David Christian.
UBC REPORTS March 24, 1988   3 n
ADMISSIONS « Subcommittee
report on Advanced Placement and
International Baccalaureate
Programs Ayr   u inoo
& March, 1988
In May, 1987, on behalf of the
President's Task Force on Liaison,
Recruiting and Admissions, 21 departments were surveyed. The purpose of the
survey was:
- to obtain from each department its
evaluation of AP and/or IB course syllabus, examination, and examination process
within the context of existing policy
whereby departments may grant advanced
placement only.
- to obtain from each department a
similar evaluation, but within a hypothetical context in which an enabling policy
allowed departments the option of granting advanced placement, advanced credit
or neither.
- to obtain the information in a manner
that ensured that the data obtained were
comparable, comprehensive, and could be
summarized: 1) to inform students; and 2)
to inform Senate committees and Senate
which is ultimately responsible for developing academic policies.
In August and September, 1987,
individual members of the Task Force
attended the IB conference in Victoria and
the AP conference in Kelowna. These
conferences afforded direct input regarding the programs from both the administrators and the teachers involved. Considerable dedication was evident in the
development of curricula and consistent
standards and thoroughness of the grading
practices. Graduates of these programs
are held in high esteem by many of the
outstanding institutions in North America.
Aggressive recruitment is particularly
evident throughout the University of
California where, in addition to advanced
placement and credit, additional grade
points for such courses are added to the
student record to determine admissibility.
Berkeley alone received 7,600 AP transcripts for applicants for admission in
Discussion and Recommendation
Attached are two data summaries, one
for AP and the other for IB listing the
departmental responses in a form which
could be considered appropriate for
students. Responses were received from
each of the 21 departments surveyed and it
will be seen that departments were
virtually unanimous in their willingness to
grant advanced placement (exemption) for
a student who achieved a high level of
performance provided that an equivalent
course was deemed to exist.
In the IB program, a grade of 6 or 7 on
the seven-point scale achieved on the
Higher Level (HL) course would satisfy
all departments with the caveat that
English would require the student to write
the exemption examination held during
registration week. Music and Latin would
determine the appropriate placement on an
individual basis, whereas an evaluation of
the laboratory component on an individual
basis seems desirable in some laboratory
sciences. Finally, several departments
would be willing to accept grades of 4 or
Similar responses were given for the
AP program where a grade of 4 or 5 on a
five-point scale was considered the
appropriate level of achievement. Again
English would require students to write
their exemption examination.
Recommendation 1: The subcommittee wishes to recommend that the Task
Force endorse the principle that departmental policies with regard to exemptions
and advanced placement for IB/AP
courses be publicized to the schools and
included in the Admissions Guide. It is
our understanding that this in no way
violates current University policy.
Discussion and Recommendation
Here it is important to note that the
questionnaire did not force departments to
choose between existing policy and an
enabling policy. Rather, departments were
provided with a number of options and
allowed to choose a single response or a
combination of responses. For example, a
department by its responses might indicate
that, if policy allowed, it would choose to
grant credit, but only after re-evaluating
the material with the purpose of defining
specific conditions under which credit
would be granted.
12 departments indicated their preference by a single response:
#       %
advanced placement indefinitely
3        14%
grant credit under conditions specified
5 Wo
grant placement & monitor granting credit
2 9%
* endorse concept of granting credit
2 9%
*(These departments had no equivalent
courses at present in either AP or IB.)
An additional eight departments
responded with combinations of at least
two of the following responses:
- Re-evaluate before granting credit
- Grant credit under conditions as
- Grant placement and monitor before
granting credit.
Further, there was one department
which responded negatively to both
placement and credit in part because the
specific course evaluated was not considered equivalent to the 100 level course
offered within the department. However,
the comments from the department
respondent also indicated that:
- the material submitted was difficult to
- the course seemed to lack depth
- the department was not familiar with
text used
In interpreting the results with the
intent of informing the discussions related
to the development of policy options it is
possible to state that of the 21 departments
responding only four indicated by single
response, or by negative response plus
comments, that they were opposed to
granting credit in their discipline. Two of
these departments, including the department whose response was outlined in the
preceding paragraph, indicated a more
generalized disagreement with the concept
of granting university credit for work
completed in high school.
A large majority of students who
receive advanced credit at other institutions do not use these units to reduce their
load, but rather seek to enrich their
program. There is, however, another
group who will really benefit from the
opportunity, namely those students for
whom a part-time job is an economic
necessity to continue their education.
Some students, if they are motivated to
obtain advanced credit, are both more
likely to afford a higher education and
more likely to have the time to properly
benefit from their program. The subcommittee believes it is important for UBC to
be able to recognize outstanding performance in these enriched programs through
the granting of credit. A high percentage
of other outstanding institutions in North
America do grant credit, and in a sense
this can be regarded as a form of "entrance
scholarship" recognition for the best-
prepared incoming students. The granting
of credit requires a change in present UBC
There remains the question as to the
level of achievement that should be
accorded credit. Departments have, for
the most part, indicated a willingness to
grant credit for the same level as they
would require for advanced placement.
The grade distributions for the May 1987
Advanced Placement Program Examinations are attached and it may be seen that
the mean grade was 3.08 with 13.8% of
the students achieving a grade of 5 and
21.7% achieving a grade of 4 in an
examination. Thus the granting of
advanced credit for a 4 or above would
select the top 35.5% of the students who
have been allowed to participate in this
select program.
Recommendation 2: The subcommittee recommends that the Task Force
endorse the concept of credit for an
appropriate level of achievement in IB/AP
courses taken prior to high school graduation.
Accordingly the subcommittee recommends that the Task Force submit this
recommendation to Senate through the
appropriate channels. In the event that
Senate approves this recommendation,
departments would be again canvassed for
their decisions, which should then be
disseminated along with the placement
It is important to emphasize that
consultation with one or more departmental advisors should be encouraged before a
student opts for advanced placement and/
or credit. It is also understood that
departments are expected to monitor the
progress of students receiving advanced
placement in order to refine their policy in
the light of experience.
Respectfully submitted,
Members of the subcommittee
on AP and IB Programs
Nov. 5,1987
TO: Dr. David W. Strangway, President
and Chairman of Senate
FROM: Daniel R. Birch, Chairman
President's Task Force on Liaison,
Recruiting and Admissions
As a result of extensive study within
the Task Force and the canvassing of
departments, we have moved to collate
information on existing departmental
policies with regard to exemptions and
advanced placement for IB/AP courses
and to ensure that it be publicized to the
schools and included in the Admissions
Guide. This falls within current University policy.
We are forwarding the following
recommendation for Senate consideration
with the expectation that it will be referred
to the Senate Admissions Committee and
that the Senate Admissions Committee
will consult with Faculties. It is our" hope
that the matter can be placed before
Senate for action early in the new year.
That Senate approve the granting of
credit for an appropriate level of achievement in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate courses taken prior to
high school graduation and that responsibility for the assessment of the appropriateness of a course and the level of
achieVerheni required for credit be
determined by the department concerned.
NOTE: The Task Force obtained
information and material about AP and IB
from the organizations concerned, surveyed departments, consulted other
institutions and sent representatives to a
regional conference. Documentation is
available for review by members of Senate
and other interested parties.
Advanced Placement
The Advanced Placement program has
been operating in the United States for
more than half a century as a means of
challenging the academically able and
highly motivated high school student. The
program is governed by the participating
universities including many of the more
prestigious state and independent universities. The course content and the exams
are set by representatives of those institutions. Exams are also graded by university
and school representatives under the aegis
of ETS, the Educational Testing Service of
Princeton, New Jersey. Each participating
university (including Berkeley, Harvard
and Michigan, for example) chooses the
courses and the level of achievement for
which it will grant advanced standing.
Harvard allows a high school student with
a grade of 4 on three AP courses to enter
directly into the sophomore year of its
B.A. and B.Sc. programs.
International Baccalaureate
The International Baccalaureate
program has been operating internationally
for twenty years. Similar to the AP
program, it is a rigorous course of study,
leading to a fixed schedule of examinations that is intended to challenge academically gifted and highly motivated
high school students. The program is
governed and administered by a Council
of Foundation headquartered in Geneva.
The Council includes representatives of
national governments, heads of IB schools,
and ad personam representatives of several
countries. The Examination Office,
located at the University of Bath, administers setting and assessing of all examinations by a Board of Chief Examiners
working in committees comprised of
experts in each discipline from the many
nations who participate in the IB programs. The acceptance of the IB program
and the IB Diploma as a recognized
credential for university entrance, advanced placement and advanced credit is
firmly established. For example, students
who complete the IB Diploma and obtain
6 or 7 on three higher level subjects are
eligible for sophomore standing at
Harvard. Similarly, Yale awards two
acceleration credits (equivalent to two
Yale courses) to students who receive 6 or
7 on the higher level examinations.
In recent years the British Columbia
Ministry of Education has provided
designated funding to school districts for
special education programs including
those for the gifted and academically
motivated. This is no doubt a factor in the
rapid growth of Advanced Placement and
International Baccalaureate programs in
A.P. Grade
No. of Cases
1987 Mean Grade - 3.08
• March 24,1988 ——
<& at Each Grade
British Columbia. This year, approximately 800 British Columbia secondary
school students are writing AP and IB
The success of students enrolled in
these programs is exemplified by the fact
that twelve students in either AP or IB
programs in one British Columbia school
district (S.D. 23, Central Okanagan)
received scholarships totalling $169,000 to
attend McGill, Carleton, S.F.U., U. of
Victoria, U.B.C. and Harvard.
University of British Columbia
In the past, as the number of students
writing AP of IB examinations was
limited, it was possible to respond individually to students requesting either
advanced placement or advanced credit for
AP and/or IB courses. It was also reasonable to assume that the majority of these
students would remain in British Columbia
and would seek admission to the University of British Columbia.
However, the investigations by the
Task Force on Liaison, Recruiting and
Admissions reveal that:
(1) The IB and AP students, in British
Columbia and across Canada, are being
actively and successfully recruited by
class one research universities both in
Canada and in the U.S. (U. of T., McGill,
U. California - Berkeley, U. California -
Los Angeles, U. of Michigan - Ann Arbor,
Harvard, Yale, Cornell, Stanford, Princeton, Duke, M.I.T.).
(2) The ability of the University of
British Columbia to continue to attract
these students is, in part, dependent on a
clearly stated and consistently applied
policy which informs prospective students,
preferably before they apply to the
University of British Columbia, how their
AP and IB achievement will be evaluated
with respect to advanced placement and/or
advanced credit.
Nov. 5,1987
TO: Dr. David W. Strangway .President
FROM: Daniel R. Birch, Chairman
President's Task Force on Liaison,
Recruiting and Admissions
RE: Concurrent Enrolment Policy for
Occasionally a department allows a
student to enrol in a specific university
course while still enrolled in secondary
school. Such a request is handled on an
individual basis and the degree of formality varies. However, students permitted to
take UBC courses are not granted credit
on successful completion, nor are they
granted advanced credit at the time of
admission to UBC as undergraduate
The governing policy statement is
found on page 14 ofthe 1987/88 Calendar
(Senate Minutes, May 23, 1979, p. 7197):
Advanced credit is not given for
subjects taken by an applicant prior to the
applicant's graduation from secondary
school. However, advanced placement
may be give where appropriate. These
provisions apply to appropriate subjects
with high academic achievement on the
Advanced Level (G.C.E.), Principal Level
(H.S.C.) or Higher Level (I.B.).
Except in special circumstances no
student under the age of sixteen is admitted.
As a result of a review of policies in
other universities and extensive discussion
within the Task Force, we are forwarding
the attached recommendation for consideration by Senate. I will move its adoption with the expectation that Senate will
refer it to the Senate Admissions Committee for consultation with the Faculties.
We would hope that it could be placed
before Senate for action early enough for
inclusion in the 1988/89 Calendar
It is our expectation that the recommendation will be referred to the Senate
Admissions Committee and the Senate
Admissions Committee may consult with
Faculties. We would hope that the matter
can be placed before Senate for action
early in 1988.
That limited numbers of gifted students
who are enrolled in grade eleven or twelve
in a B.C. secondary school be admitted to
the University to pursue "Concurrent
Studies" as unclassified students. Such
students will be given the opportunity to
complete a course or courses prior to
secondary school graduation. Credit
earned may later be applied towards an
appropriate degree at the University of
British Columbia.
The following conditions will apply:
The applicant must have a superior
academic record.
The applicant must be enrolled in a
B.C. secondary school at the grade eleven
or twelve level, in a programme that meets
regular U.B.C. entry requirements.
The applicant must have the written
recommendation of the secondary school
The applicant must have the written
consent of the parent or legal guardian if
under the legal age of majority on the
opening day of classes.
The applicant must have the support of
the Dean of the Faculty for the courses in
which he/she plans to enroll.
Admission will generally be limited to
one academic session, however, this may
be renewable with the continued support
of the school Principal and the faculty
Students in Concurrent Studies will be
treated as regular students in most respects
except that they may not register in a full
range of courses and their eligibility to
register is valid for one academic session
only (unless renewed as per above).
Standard transcripts will be issued and
fees and deadlines will be as for regular
The above policy will also apply to
students who have enrolled in Concurrent
Studies at recognized post-secondary
institutions prior to secondary school
graduation. Such students may be considered for recognized transfer credit towards
a degree programme subject to degree
requirements within the Faculties. Helping
to sell
by Jo Moss
The recent folding of the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra illustrates a problem all cultural
institutions face—how to sell what they do best to
the public while preserving their artistic integrity.
Commerce professor Robert Kelly is in the
business of helping cultural institutions marry
marketing with artistic integrity. He's currently
working with the Director of the new Canadian
Museum of Civilization in Ottawa—a $200 million
project scheduled to open in the spring next year—
to do just that.
Kelly said museums must shed their elitist
image and work to attract a much wider variety of
potential visitors, not just the small number who
are already knowledgeable about art or artifacts.
According to Kelly, many people enjoy going to
museums to socialize: to see and be seen.
"You have to make people feel it's legitimate to
do that," he said. "At the same time you want to
help them understand and appreciate what makes
our national treasures important, and what is
unique about a museum."
Kelly advocates bringing art and artifacts to life
by staging events like ethnic theatre, dance, or
totem pole raising ceremonies. Restaurants and
shops right in the museum can also play a large
part in attracting visitors and making the visit
enjoyable and meaningful, he said.
"Many people initially just want to experience
the ambience of a place," he said. "Eventually,
they may come to appreciate the content as well
as the context of the art; but they first have to be
attracted if that is ever to happen. You don't want
to make art 'showbiz', but there is much wis can
learn from places like Disneyland and Expo."
Kelly's methods may seem radical to traditionalists, but he's convinced cultural institutions must
use them to survive. He admits they are difficult to
put in place.
Director of the Museum of Anthropology
Michael Ames agreed. He said popularizing art
creates a dilemma for art administrators.
"It's a delicate balancing act,"he said. "How do
you stage public events to get the occasional
visitors to come more often, without losing your
regular supporters who like the peace and quiet of
a traditional museum?"
The MOA is aggressive in its public programming to keep its visitor numbers high.
"We have probably done more of these kinds of
events more systematically than most institutions,"
Ames said.
Kelly's initial studies of museum visitors began
at the MOA five years ago. He was surprised to
find that one third of the people who arrived on bus
tours never set foot in the museum galleries at all.
"They went right into the gift shop, looked .
around, maybe bought something, but never went
farther than the lobby," Kelly said.
'•?«*• ;  ;.-
I was surprised to see in your February
25 article "Commitment made to Equity
Plan" several references to 'handicapped'
The term preferred by the target group
and recommended by the Federal Government is 'disabled persons' or better still,
'persons with disabilities.'
As former Communications Chairman of
the Federal Government's Year of Disabled
Persons Organizing Committee, my fellow
members and I worked hard to educate
Canadians about the difference between the
two terms. The first is concerned with
barriers, - attitudinal, systemic, architectural
and environmental; the second describes
physical, mental or other conditions which
bring about a dysfunction.
I am certain that the intention of the
Federal Government's Equity Program
which the University is now embracing, is -
among other things, to provide increased
employment opportunities for disabled
persons, which will lead to the overcoming
of several handicaps. One of the first
moves in the right direction, would be to get
the terminology right.
Very truly yours,
Paul E. Thiele,
Librarian and Head
Photo by Stuart Greene
Dr. David Walker is using an electron microscope at St. Paul's hospital to study the structure of single
cells. The B.C. Lung Association is supporting lung disease research at UBC with a $241,000 grant to help
Dr. Walker's work.
Bible edges Tolkien as
as campus favorite
By Gavin Wilson
What's the best-loved book on campus?
According to a survey conducted by the UBC
bookstore — it's the Bible.
The Bible narrowly edged out J.R.R. Tolkien's
Lord of the Rings for top spot in a survey conducted by the bookstore to mark Literacy Day in
More than 200 people nominated their favorite
books, and their opinions reflect a broad cross-
section of the campus community, said bookstore
employee Jennifer Pike.
"Staff members said that all different types of
people stopped to put their votes in — they were all
ages," she said.
Jane Austen proved to be the most popular
author, placing two novels, Pride and Prejudice and
Emma, high on the list.
Anne of Green Gables was the Canadian
favorite. Timothy Findley's Not Wanted on the
Voyage was the only other Canadian work to
receive more than one vote.
In all, 34 books received more than one
nomination. Many were classics by Melville, Joyce,
Conrad, Hemingway, Forster and Dostoyevsky.
Other works were baby-boomer favorites such as
Catcher in the Rye, On the Road and Catch 22.
But what caught Pike by surprise is the number
of science fiction/fantasy novels that pepper the
Three books in this genre made the top ten,
and four more received multiple votes, including the
improbable Tom Swift and his Electric Speedboat.
"But I guess it's not all that surprising, really,
when you consider the loyalty there is for books
such as Lord of the Rings," said Pike.
Following is a partial list of titles which recived
more than one nomination. A total of 161 other
books received single votes.
The Bible
Lord of the Rings - J.R.R. Tolkien
The Razor's Edge - W. Somerset Maugham
Pride and Prejudice - Jane Austen
Women in Love - D.H. Lawrence
Dune Trilogy - Frank Herbert
Brothers Karamazov - Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The Bone People - Keri Hulme
The Sun Also Rises - Ernest Hemingway
Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy - Douglas Adams
To Kill a Mockingbird - Harper Lee
Chronicles of Narnia - C.S. Lewis
Grapes of Wrath - John Steinbeck
Anne of Green Gables - L.M. Montgomery
Emma - Jane Austen
Foundation Trilogy - Isaac Asimov
House of the Spirits - Isabel Allende
Hunger - Knut Hamsun
Clan of the Cave Bear - Jean Auel
Book of Laughter and Forgetting - Milan Kundera
Work study program benefits
both students and faculty
UBC REPORTS March 24,1988
by Lorie Chortyk
Most evenings you'll find Marielle Geoffroy, a
student in the Faculty of Education's French
Immersion Program, in the Buchanan Building
developing new materials for continuing education
language programs.
Her salary is paid through the Work Study
Program, a component of the provincial
government's student aid package. This year, the
university received more than $900,000 from the
government and added an additional $125,000 to
provide jobs for 750 students.
The jobs range from clerical work to the rather
specialized position of "starfish morphogenesis
technician", as one application read.
Judith Plessis, coordinator of Language
Programs and Services for the Centre for
Continuing Education, has been using work study
students for the past two years. In addition to
Marielle, she is supervising nine other students this
The program allows us to develop new
curriculum and promotional materials that we just
wouldn't otherwise have the resources for," she
said. "Our language instructors are part-time staff
who come in in the evenings to teach, so they don't
have time for special projects.
"With work study students we're able to offer
better programs for the public."
For Marielle, the placement provides valuable
hands-on training in her chosen field.
"There's a lot of creativity and freedom in the
work and I'm learning to take responsibility for
projects and make decisions based on my
Bryon Hender, director of UBC's Awards Office,
said the number of students participating in work-
study has grown astronomically since the program
was introduced on campus in 1978.
"It's the kind of program that benefits everyone,"
he said. "Students who have a demonstrated
financial need are able to earn money and build up
career experience, and faculty are able to carry out
new projects."
Students work an average of six hours per
week, with an average overall salary of $1,350.
When students apply for the program they're given
authorization to earn up to a specified limit, ranging
from $500 to $2,000, depending on financial need.
Hender said both faculty and students seem
pleased with the program, and in several cases
he's heard from students who gained full-time
employment as a result of the work-study experience.
UBC sign
by Jo Moss
UBC's Faculty of Commerce and Korea's most
powerful business group have signed a unique
research agreement which may provide the basis
for improved trade between Korea and Canada.
The three-year pact with the Korean Economic
Research Institute (KERI), the research arm of the
Federation of Korean Industries (FKI), provides for
the mutual exchange of research ideas, experts,
information and data.
"It was undertaken with a view to promote joint
research and collaborate on research topics of
mutual interest," said Han Vertinsky, director of
UBC's Centre for International Business Studies.
"It's an important agreement because we need
to understand each other's business culture,
economic structure, industry and markets to
reduce future conflict in the trade arena," said
Korean-bom Commerce professor Tae Oum who
will be one of the first researchers to take
advantage of the agreement.
Oum and Vertinsky visited Seoul last October
to meet with representatives of government,
research and industry organizations, including
Vice-Chairman of FKI and other business leaders.
FKI encompasses virtually all the major multinational businesses in Korea, Vertinsky said.
Products range from textiles, toys and footwear to
automobiles, ship building and electronics.
Collaborative research will put Canada and
Korea in a better position to determine what their
future roles will be in the Pacific Rim market, Oum
"Up until recently, Canada hasn't been able to
compete with Korean products because their
labour costs have been much lower than ours," he
But Korean wages have risen steadily reducing
the gap of production costs in some manufactured
goods. And Korea's exports now include cars and
consumer electronics—computers, video recorders, televisions and radios—products which
compete directly with Canadian exports in a market
dominated by Japan, the U.S.A. and the European
Economic Community.
"Given that there will be increased competition
in the future, we must adapt to a new market," Oum
said. Oum predicts it will take six months to
develop a mutual research project list KERI,
which has about 50 full-time researchers, will
incorporate Korean university scientists as needed
to carry out the studies. UBC will draw on faculty
experts in different departments.
One of the projects UBC has proposed is a
comparative productivity analysis of various
Canadian and Korean industry sectors.
"Korea could become a major market for
Canadian-forest products and mining products,"
Oum said.	
by Lorie Chortyk
If you've ever wanted a better understanding of
events happening around the world than you get
from the evening news, geological sciences
professor Harry Warren recommends a membership in the Canadian Institute for International
The national organization, formed in 1928,
brings together members of the business community, government, universities, media and the public
who want to know more about Canada's role in
international events. The institute sponsors talks
with top Canadian civil sen/ants and ambassadors
from others nations, study trips to countries where
international news is breaking, on-going research
and publications programs and regular conferences.
Warren, a long-time member of the CIIA, said
that in recent years membership has been largely
from the private sector, with only nine members
from UBC.   He would like to see more interest
from the university community.
"Current affairs touch everyone," he said.
"Whether it's famine in Ethiopia, civil strife in
Central America or arms control talks between the
superpowers, Canadians are affected and I think
we should try and understand the issues as best
we can."
Warren said the organization also provides
opportunities for students and faculty to develop
contacts with representatives from business and
More information on the CIIA is available from
Dr. Warren at 228-3139. For a membership
application, write to Elizabeth Murchie, #5-5565
Oak Street, Vancouver, B.C., V6M 2V5. • Sr*K»
S/rass sfadV
Women coping better
Photo by Warren Schmidt
Victor Lo has found a new way to treat pig waste that is efficient, reliable and cheap
Discovered: The answer
to pig farmers' prayers
by Jo Moss
Canadian pig farmers can thank a UBC bio-
resource engineering professor for solving one of
their biggest headaches—what to do with the
waste 2,000 pigs produce.
At least 100 times stronger than domestic
sewage, pig waste is difficult to dispose of because
current agricultural treatment processes don't
remove all the pollutants. Some farmers release
the waste on their land, but most don't have
enough land to handle it.
An average swine operation in B.C. has 200
sows from farrow to finish which turn out 4,000 pigs
a year. That's about 12,000 litres of waste
produced daily.
Victor Lo hastlevetoped an agricultural waste
treatment process that's the answer to a pig
farmer's prayers. Easy to install, and relatively
cheap, it's more efficient and reliable than any other
treatment process in use.
"It's an integrated system that has proved very
successful in our pilot plant operations," Lo said.
"As far as we know, we are the first in North
America to use this kind of reactor treatment for
agricultural waste."
China, Puerto Rico and a number of other
countries in Europe and Southeast Asia have
already expressed interest in the reactor treatment.
The treatment process removes 98 per cent of
the environmental pollutants. That makes the end
product almost pure water, Lo said.
"It can be sprayed directly on agricultural land
or discharged directly into an ocean or river."
More than 100,000 Canadian swine producers
stand to benefit from the new process, and Lo said
it can easily be applied to dairy or poultry operations. It's currently being tested on a swine
operation in Aktergrove and a Langley dairy farm.
The Aldergrove reactor treatment processes
about 8,000 litres of waste at one time. It's made
up of a manure holding tank and a second-stage
process of three sequencing batch reactors which
operate in a series. Each reactor stands 16 feet
tall and six feet wide. Lo estimates the system
cost $20,000.
The entire integrated treatment cycle takes
between four and eight days, a far cry from other
treatments processes which may take up to 20
days—and don't generate a pollution-free product.
Because the system is efficient, a small waste
treatment reactor can handle a large amount of
waste. That makes it adaptable to any size of
swine operation. The reactor design could be
available on a limited commercial basis by the end
of 1988, Lo said.
by Lorie Chortyk
For women in executive and management
positions the pressure to work longer and harder
than their male counterparts is Still a reality of the
But surprisingly, female executives are still less
likely to suffer from coronary disease and other
stress-related illnesses than men.
"I think women tend to deal with stress more
openly and effectively than men," said Dr. Bonnie
Long of UBC's Counselling Psychology Department. "They share their concerns and problems
with others rather than keeping them inside, so the
physical effects of tension are reduced."
She and colleague Dr. Sharon Kahn are
studying how executive women in traditionally male
occupations experience and cope with stress.
"It's an interesting group to study because their
experience in the workplace is unique," said Long.
"These women are a minority group — only 13 per
cent of all top managers in Canada are female. In
addition to the usual pressures of the job they often
face discrimination, harrassment, and conflicts
between the demands of family and work."
Janet Fraser, executive assistant to Vancouver
Mayor Gordon Campbell, agrees that women
experience more pressure than their male
"Women are still regarded as the primary
caregivers in society in addition to their position in
the workplace. Even if a woman's been at work for
14 hours, she's still the one responsible for the
Christmas thank-you note to Aunt Sarah or
knowing which of the kids hasn't had their teeth
checked for six months."
Fraser adds that women, still somewhat of a
novelty in upper management positions, often feel
the pressure of being a role model.
"There's always the feeling of being observed,
of having to be your absolute best 100 per cent of
the time," she said. "I don't think men necessarily
experience that pressure."
UBC to pay
for insurance
UBC employees who require additional
insurance to use their own vehicles on university
business will be reimbursed to a limit of $125.
As a result of changes to ICBC regulations,
faculty and staff who drive their own vehicles more
than 1,600 kilometres a year or four days each
month must have business coverage.
Business coverage is required even for driving
between university buildings on public roads.
Failure to have the proper coverage will
invalidate your policy in the event of an accident
while on university business.
Employees should check with their supervisor,
then arrange appropriate coverage.
Doctors Kahn and Long are studying three sets
of 100 women executives in their two-year study.
The researchers first measure and record factors
such as personality traits, gender role attitudes,
marital and parental status and age of the women,
and then conduct monthly interviews for six months
to identify events the women found stressful and
how they dealt with them.
"We're looking for links between certain
personality traits or environmental factors and
methods of coping with stress," said Kahn. "We
can then use this information to help women either
change stressful situations or modify their reaction
to them."
Kahn said that despite being in good physical
health, women in general report higher levels of
depression and anxiety than men.
"But we don't know whether this is because
men experience stress differently or if they're just
not as willing to admit it."
Kahn and Long are looking for 100 women
executives to take part in phase three of their study
which begins in the summer. The study is open to
women of any age who hold management positions
in fields other than teaching or nursing. Participation involves six one-hour interviews and a follow-
up after one year. If you'd like to volunteer, contact
Sandi McLuckie at 734-8258.	
First translated
book available
The first UBC Press book to be translated into a
foreign language will soon be available in book
stores in Japan.
Journeys to the Japanese 1952-1979 by Morton
and Lucia White, published by the University of
British Columbia Press in 1986, is being brought
out by Shisaku Sha Publishers.
And the Japanese firm may purchase the
translation rights to three more books published by
UBC Press — Kewa Tales and Fabricated World:
An Interpretation of Kewa Tales by anthropologist
Dr. John LeRoy, and The Righteous Demon: A
Study of Bali by Dr. Clifford Hospital. As well, an
editor/translator from Beijing recently visited UBC to
explore the possibility of translating UBC Press
books into Chinese.
UBC Press Director Jim Anderson said he's
delighted at the attention the Press is attracting in
the international publishing world.
"We've been working to extend our market for
several years now," he said. "When UBC Press
started up 17 years ago it focused almost exclusively on Canadian studies and regional history.
Recently we've expanded the range of our books to
appeal to a much wider audience."
Anderson has also received letters of interest
from European publishers. Guilio Einaudi Editor, a
prestigious Italian publisher, recently approached
Anderson about translation rights for a book by
UBC Germanic Studies professor Marketa Goetz-
Smith awarded honorary science degree
The University of Guelph has awarded Dr.
Michael Smith an honorary Doctor of Science
degree, in recognition of his outstanding contributions through research and teaching in the
field of biochemistry.
Smith, the director of UBC's biotechnology
laboratory, accepted the degree earlier this
Next month, he will fly to the University of
Kansas Medical Centre to be the Culpeper
Visiting Professor. The lecturer is sponsored by
the Charles E. Culpeper Foundation of New
York for visiting professorships to medical
Dr. David Hardwick, Head of Pathology at
UBC, has been elected vice-president of the
U.S. and Canadian Academy of Pathology.
The 5,000-member Academy is the North
American arm of the International Academy of
The Physiotherapy Association of B.C. has
presented Dr. Elizabeth Dean with its 1988
Research Award.
Dr. Dean is an assistant professor in the
School of Rehabilitation Medicine at UBC.
Currently, she is studying patients with post-
polio syndrome.
The award recognizes physiotherapists who
have made outstanding contributions to the
Commerce professor Michael Tretheway
was invited to Geneva last month to present a
paper to the UN on productivity in the Canadian
pulp and paper industry.
Tretheway recently completed the first
phase of the productivity study. He was invited
to Geneva by a joint working party of the Food
and Agricultural Organization's forestry commission and the Economic Commission for Europe's
timber committee. Representatives from about 30
countries were present.
The FAO/ECE working party deals with
questions of global forest economics and statistics
and is currently collating information for an
international statistical data base.The Department
of Geophysics and Astronomy will welcome three
visiting lecturers, funded by a grant from the
Amoco Canada Petroleum Company.
Dr. Drummond Mathews of Cambridge
University is credited with publishing the first paper
which calculates the rate of continental drift.
Professor Syun-ichi Akasofu of the University
of Alaska studies the behavior of aurora. He has
been acclaimed for his model of magnetic
And, professor Don Anderson of the California
Institute of Technology is recognized for his
contributions to our knowledge of the earth, ranging
from the surface to the inner core, and the structure
of the planets.
The Secretary of State
has awarded a Citation for
Citizenship to Alan
Artibise, director of UBC's
Community and Regional
Planning Centre.
The citations, awarded
this year for the first time,
are also going out to 24
other individuals, businesses and community organizations which embody
the best characteristics of
Canadian citizenship. Four hundred groups and individuals were nominated.
The citation recognizes Artibise for his work in
the promotion of the field of Canadian Studies. He
is also well known for his work in Canadian history
and urban affairs.
Artibise is currently president of the International Council for Canadian Studies, which includes
14 member-associations representing 21 countries
around the world.
He is also past-president of the Association for
Canadian Studies, a non-profit organization which
seeks to promote a knowledge of Canada at the
post-secondary level through teaching, research
and publications.
The awards will be presented in Ottawa on April
Oceanographer Dr. Tim
Parsons will receive the
prestigious Oceanographical
Society of Japan Prize for
1988, the first time the award
has been given to a
The award, which
Parsons will receive in a
ceremony in Tokyo April 4,
recognizes the UBC
oceanographer's studies of
plankton and its role in
marine ecology. His work is
well known in Japan, where he was once invited to
lecture in the Imperial Palace for Emperor Hirohito,
who studies marine biology.
Parsons is also being acknowledged for
another, perhaps related, honor.
The Institute for Scientific Information has found
that one of his papers, published in the Journal of
the Oceanographical Society of Japan in 1967, is
one of the most frequently cited works in its field.
He has been invited to write a brief commentary
on this work for publication in the Citation Classics
section of Current Contents.
Three U.S. cigarette manufacturers are
being sued for damages in a New Jersey
federal district court and Commerce professor
Richard Pollay was one of the expert witnesses for the prosecution.
Pollay, an advertising historian, recently
gave testimony in a case that is being closely
watched by the American media. It is the contribution and relevance of cigarette advertising
that is the key issue in this civil suit.
To date, cigarette manufacturers have won
every case brought against them by survivors
of cancer victims. One of the consistent arguments for defense has been that smokers bear
all the risks of their choice to smoke. There
are currently more than 100 suits pending in
the U.S.
Cipollone vs. Liggett involves the recent
death of Rose Cipollone from lung cancer. A
smoker for more than 40 years, she videotaped her court testimony before she died.
Relatives and lawyers are suing the manufacturers of the brands she smoked: Liggett
Groups Inc. (Chesterfield and L & M); Philip
Morris Inc. (Virginia Slims and Parliament);
and P. Lorillard Inc., (True).
Four and a half years in preparation, and
with millions of dollars invested by both sides,
Cipollone vs. Liggett began February 4.
Theatre professor Norman Young has
been reappointed as chairman of the Vancouver Civic Theatres Board, which operates the
Orpheum, Queen Elizabeth and Playhouse
Theatres. Young is also a member of the
Museum Board and Archives Commission.
UBCREPORTS March 24, 1988 UBC Calendar
UBC Community Concert Band
Sponsored by the Centre for Continuing Education and School of
Music. Directed by Martin Berinbaum. Free. For information call
222-5254. Old Auditorium. 3:30-4:30 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar
Nitrogen-regulated Transcription in Enteric Bacteria: A Procaryotic
Regulatory System with Eucaryotlc Features. Dr. Sidny Kustu,
Bacteriology and immunology, University of California, Berkeley.
For information call 228-2376. Lecture Hall #4, IRC. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
Computational Methods in Spin Dynamics. Professor J.S.
Waugh, Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. For
information call 228-3266. Room 225, Chemistry Building. 2:30
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Isothermal Dendritic Crystal Growth - A Space Flight Experiment.
Professor M.E. Glicksman, John Todd Horton. Materials
Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic institute. Troy, New York.
For information call 228-4350   Room 1215, Civil & Mechanical
Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar
Regulation of Crystalline Gene Expression in the Eye Lens. Dr.
Martin Breitman, Research Institute of Mount Sinai Hospital,
Toronto. For information call 228-3027. Lecture Hall #4, IRC.
3:45 p.m.
Astronomy Seminar
WIMPS. Dr. J. Faulkner, Lick Observatory, University of
California, Santa Cruz. Coffee at 3:30 p.m. For information call
228-4134. Room 260, Geophysics & Astronomy Building. 4:00
Division of Preventive Medicine & Health
AIDS Education Programs in the Workplace. Jan Kotaska,
Director, Nursing & Health, C.E., V.C.C. Free. For information
call 228-2258. Room 253, James Mather Building. 4:00-5:30
Video Night
Sponsored by the Graduate Student Society. Midnight Cowboy &
2001 - a Space Odyssey. Free. For information call 228-3203.
Fireside Lounge, Graduate Centre. 6:00 & 8:00 p.m.
Botany Seminar
Evidence of Dark Avoidance by Phototrophic Periphytic Diatoms
in Lotic Systems. Dr. Max Bothwell, Limnological Research
Division, National Hydrology Research Centre, Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan. For information call 228-2133. Room 2000.
Biological Sciences Building. 12:30 p.m.
Biomembranes Discussion Group Seminar
Calcium Regulation of Pancreatic Secretion. Dr. Bob Dormer,
College of Medicine, University of Wales. For information call
228-3027. Lecture Hall #5, IRC. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
NMR Spectroscopy Below 1K. Professor J.S. Waugh, Chemistry,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Coffee at 12:30 p.m. For
information call 228-3266. Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1:00
Oceanography Seminar
Productivity Studies in the Mackenzie River/Beaufort Sea Estuary.
Dr. T.R. Parsons, Oceanography. For information call 228-5210.
Room 1465, Biological Sciences Building. 3:30 p.m.
Statistics & Commerce Business Administration Seminar
Two Moments Suffice for Poisson Approximation: The Chen-Stein
Method. Larry Goldstein, University of Southern California.
Coffee at 3:45 p.m. For information call 228-3410. Room C102,
Ponderosa Annex C. 4:00 p.m.
Economics Seminar
Vector-Autoregressive Encompassing Tests. Eric Ghysels,
Montreal. For information call 228-4608. Room 351, Brock Hall.
4:00-5:30 p.m.
Our Common Future
Sponsored by the Environmental Interest Group. Towards
Common Action - Proposals for Institutional and Legal Change.
Mr. Andrew Thompson, Law. For information call 224-0299.
Lecture Hall #2, IRC. 7:30-9:30 p.m.
Humanities Lecture
Sponsored by the Centre tor Continuing Education. Making
Peace Within: An Evening wfth Virginia Satir. Virginia Satir.
Family Therapist. $10 adults, $5 students. For information call
222-5261. Ballroom, SUB. 8:00 p.m.
Religious Studies Lecture
A Christian - Buddhist (Tibetan) Dialogue. Lama (Geshe)
Lobsang Gyatso, Principal, Dalai Lama's Dharma College, India.
For information call 228-3357 or 224-6094. Room D348,
Buchanan. 10:30-1120 a.m.
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
Potassium Currents in Sensory Neurons. Igor Spigelman,
Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Medicine. For information call
228-2575. Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Building, Block
■C". 12:00 noon.
Noon-Hour Series
Sponsored by the School of Music. Philip Dent-Candelaria, guitar.
Admission by donation. For information call 228-3113. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
UBC Reports is published every second Thursday
by UBC Community Relations
6238 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1W5, Telephone 228-3131
Editor-in-chief: Don Whiteley
Editor: Howard Fluxgold
Contributors: Jo Moss, Lorie Chortyk, Debora
Sweeney, Gavin Wilson.
UBC REPORTS March 24,1988
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Photo by WaiTen Schmidt
Musqueam weaver Barbara Cayou offered demonstrations of traditional Coast Salish weaving at the
Museum of Anthropology March 8 and 15. The technique dates back 3,000 years.
Forestry Seminar
The Development of Kiln Schedules for Hem-Fir 4"X4" Baby-
Squares. Dr. S. Avramktis, Forestry. For information call 228-
2507 or 228-4166. Room 166, MacMillan Building. 12:30-1:30
Religious Studies Graduate Seminar
A Controversy between the Madhyamikas and the Yogacaras.
Lama (Geshe) Lobsang Gyatso. Principal, Dalai Lama's Dharma
College, India. For information call 228-3357 or 224-6094. Room
E266, Buchanan. 2:30-5:00 p.m.
Guitar Duo Concert
Sponsored by Hispanic & Italian Studies. Music by Chueca,
Mendelssohn, Stravinsky, Villa-Lobos, Chapi. Guillem Perez-
Quer, Barcelona; Danielle Kassner, Toronto. For information call
228-6884. C362. Buchanan Building. 3:00-5:00 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Land-Use Change and Climate: Modelling and Monitoring
Techniques. Dr. Graham Thomas, Geography. For information
call 228-4584. Room 229, Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
Economics Seminar
Female Wage Growth in the United States: 1968-1983. Thomas
A. Mroz, Hoover Institute & University of Chicago. For information
call 228-3320. Room 351, Brock Hall. 4:00-5:30 p.m.
Beer Garden
Sponsored by the Graduate Student Society. For information call
228-3203. Ballroom, Graduate Centre. 4:30-7:30 p.m.
DJ Night
With Mary McAlister. Sponsored by the Graduate Student
Society. Free. For information call 228-3203. Fireside Lounge,
Graduate Centre. 7:00 p.m.-12:00 midnight.
Faculty Concert Series
Sponsored by the School of Music. Roger Cole, oboe; Linda Lee
Thomas, piano. Lecture at 730 p.m. $7 adults, $3 students/
seniors. For information call 228-3113. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8:00 p.m.
Live Band
Featuring the FREE RADICALS. Sponsored by the Graduate
Student Society. Free. Everyone Welcome. For information call
228-3203. Fireside Lounge, Graduate Centre. 8:00 p.m.-12:00
Holiday Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period April 10 to April 23, notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms
no later than 4 p.m. on Wednesday, March 30 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial
Road, Room 207, Old Administration Building. For more information, call 228-3131.
Ecology/Resource Ecology Seminar
Designing Implementable Natural Resource Management. Dr.
Gordon Baskerville, Forestry, University of New Brunswick. For
information call 228-4329. Room 2449, Biological Sciences
Building. 4:30 p.m.
Jazz Live
Sponsored by the Graduate Student Society. Cameron Chu,
piano. Free. For information call 228-3203. Fireside Lounge,
Graduate Centre. 5:30-8:00 p.m.
Sponsored by the Graduate Student Society. Beginners
Welcome. For information call 228-3203. Fireside Lounge,
Graduate Centre. 6:00 p.m.
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble
Sponsored by the School of Music. Martin Berinbaum, director.
Benefit Concert tor the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. Music
by Vaughn-Williams, Creston, Bach and Strauss. $5 adults, $3
students/seniors. For information call 228-3113. Old Auditorium.
8:00 p.m.
Medical Grand Rounds
Cholesterol - Canadian Consensus Report Update. Dr. J.
Frohlich, Director, Lipid Clinic, Shaugnessy Hospital. For
information call 228-7737. Lecture Theatre Room G279, .Acute
Care Unit, HSCH. 12:00 noon.
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble
Sponsored by the School of Music. Martin Berinbaum director.
Benefit Concert for the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. Music
by Vaughn-Williams, Creston, Bach and Strauss. $5 adults, $3
students/seniors. For information call 228-3113. Old Auditorium.
12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
The Use of Variational Techniques in Spouted Bed Analysis. Dr.
H. Littmann, Chemical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic
Institute, Troy, New York. For information call 228-3238. Room
206, Chemical Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
GSS Annual General Meeting
All Graduate Student Society members are cordially invited to
meet the new executive. For information call 228-3203. Dining
Room, Graduate Centre. 4:00 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium
Family Interactions in Attention Deficit and Hyperactive Children.
Dr. Russell Barkley, University of Massachusettes Medical
Center. For information call 228-2755. Room 2510, Kenny
Building. 4:00 p.m.
Physics Colloquium
Strange Matter. Dr. E. Farhi, MIT. For information call 228-3853.
Room 201, Hennings Building. 4:00 p.m.
B.C. Volleyball Association Jr. Championships
Sponsored by Athletics. For information call 228-2531. Osborne
Gymnasium. 9:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m.
UBC Rugby
UBC vs. Vancouver Rowing Club. For Information call 228-2531.
Thunderbird Stadium. 2:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
Biomedically Related Coordination Chemistry of Trivafent Non-
TransKion Metals. Professor Chris Orvig, Chemistry. Coffee at
12:30 p.m. For information call 228-3266. Room 250, Chemistry
Building. 1:00 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar
The Density Tide. Dr. David Griffin, Oceanography. For
information call 228-5210. Room 1465, Biological Sciences
Building. 3:30 p.m.
UBC Medical and Scientific Equipment Show
Sponsored by the AMS in cooperation with the UBC Purchasing
Department. Free. For information call 228-3456. SUB Ballroom
and Partyroom. 10:00 a.m.-4:00p.m.
Geophysics Seminar
Brave New Tomography. Dr. Robert Stewart Chair in Exploration
Geophysics, Geology and Geophysics, University of Calgary. For
information call 228-5406. Room 260, Geophysics and
Astronomy Building. 4:00 p.m.
UBC Medical and Scientific Equipment Show
Sponsored by the AMS in cooperation with the UBC Purchasing
Department. Free. For information call 228-3456. SUB Ballroom
and Partyroom. 10:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
Application of Surface Thermodynamics to the Development of an
Implantable Bioartificial Organ. Francis Lamberti, Chemical
Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto. For
information call 228-4838. Lecture Hall #3, IRC, Woodward
Biomedical Library. 4:00 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Coated Wired Glucose Sensor and Its Applications. Ms. S.
Sharareh, Graduate Student, Chemical Engineering. For
information call 228-3238. Room 206, Chemical Engineering
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Economics Seminar
Edgeworth Equilibrium and the Ramsey Optimum in the Theory of
Contestable Markets. Hajime Miyazaki, Ohio S.U. For
information call 228-4505. Room 351, Brock Hall. 4:00-5:30 p.m.
Beer Garden
Sponsored by the Graduate Student Society. For information call
228-3203. Ballroom, Graduate Centre. 4:30-7:30 p.m.
DJ Night
With Mary McAlister. Sponsored by the Graduate Student
Society. Free. For information call 228-3203. Fireside Lounge.
Graduate Centre. 7:00 p.m.-12:00 midnight.
UBC Rugby
UBC vs. Loners. For information call 228-2531. Thunderbird
Stadium. 2:30 p.m.
Asian Studies Workshop
Sikh Literature: Language, Text and Transmission. For
information call 228-3881. Room 604, Asian Centre.
Astronomy Lecture
The Lamps of Atlantis: An Astronomical Detective Story.
Professor Archie Roy, Physics 4 Astronomy, University of
Glasgow. Thursday, March 24th, 8:15 p.m.. Lecture Hall #2, IRC.
Faculty & Staff Golf Tournament
April 28 at McLeery Golf Course to be followed by dinner at the
Faculty Club. For registration forms and information call Norm
Watt at 228-2581.
UBC/Tennis Canada
April8(1:00p.m.),9(12:00Noon), 10(11:00a.m.). DavisCup
Tennis Tournament. American Zone Group 1 Playoffs: Canada
vs. Chile. First Davis Cup playoff in Vancouver in 16 years. $38
Series tickets; $15 daily tickets. Available at all VTC/CBO outlets.
For information call 280-4400. War Memorial Gymnasium
Final Exams for Disabled Students
Disabled students requiring assistance with access to final exams
or anticipating specialized problems, contact Jan del Valle, Coordinator of Services Disabled Students, at 228-4858. Room 200.""'
Brock Hall.
Arts Review '88
Sponsored by the Arts Undergrad Society. Accepting applications
now at the A.U.S. Office, Buchanan A107. No hand written
submissions. Include S.A.S.E. Deadline is May 1st. Prizes are
for best poetry and fiction. For information call 228-4403.
UBC Cricket Club
Sponsored by the Athletic Department. First practices of new
season. For information call 266-0683 or 666-8059.
UBC Bookstore
The last day for departmental requisitions (prior to inventory
closure) at the University Central Supplies Department will be
March 28,1988. The Bookstore will be closed March 30 - April 4.
The Bookstore will reopen 8:30 a.m. Tuesday, April 5.
UBC Fine Arts Gallery
Now until March 31. Chinatown Interiors: 48 photographs by Pok-
Chi Lau. Tuesday - Friday, 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.; Saturday, noon- (
5:00 p.m. Main Library.
Copying in the Libraries?
Save time and money with a UBC Library copy card. $5 cards
sold in most libraries; $10, $20 or higher cards in Copy Service,
Main or Woodward. Cash/Cheque/Departmental Requisition. For
information call 228-2854.
Badminton Club
Faculty, Staff & Graduate Student Badminton Club meets '
Tuesdays 8:30-10:30 p.m. and Fridays 7:30-9:30 p.m. Gym A,       <_
Robert Osborne Sports Centre. For information call 228-4025 or
Psychology Research Study
Couples, aged 30-60, needed for research on effects of
communication on bodily responses. Experiment conducted in
UBC Psychology Department. Personal feedback and stress
management information provided. For information call James
Frankish at 734-2979. Kenny Building. y
Psychology Research Project
Families wanted for child development study. Mothers and their
3-6 yr. old children (2 boys or 2 girls) are urgently needed for a
project studying sibling interaction. Approx. 1 hour. For
information call Cindy Hardy at 228-6771 or 684-2142.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education & Recreation, through the John M. Buchanan
Fitness and Research Centre, is administering a physical fitness   "
assessment program to students, faculty, staff and the general
public. Approx. 1 hour. $25, students $20. For information call
Medical Genetics Seminar
Clinical Case Presentations. Clinical Geneticists, Clinical
Genetics Unit, Grace Hospital. For information can 228-5311.
Parentcraft Room, Main Floor, Grace Hospital, 4490 Oak Street,
Vancouver. 1:00 p.m.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of Statistics to provide
statistical advice to faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. For information call 228-4037. Forms for
appointments available in Room 210, Ponderosa Annex C.
Language Exchange Program
Exchanging Languages on a One-to-One Basis. For information
call 228-5021. International House. Office Hours 9:30 a.m.-430
Walter Gage Toastmasters
Public speaking and leadership meeting, Wednesdays, 7:30-9:30
p.m. Guests are welcome to attend, ask questions, and ,
participate. For information call Geoff Lowe at 261-7065. Room
215, SUB. ,
M.Y. Williams Geological Museum
Open Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.. The Collectors Shop
is open Wednesdays 1:30-4:30 pm. or by appointment. For
information call 228-5586.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open Monday to Friday, 10.00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. Free. Closed
Botanical Garden
Open daily 10.-00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. Free.


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