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UBC Reports Apr 7, 1994

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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
T TBC REPORTS
Gavin Wilson photo
Smart Chopper
Mechanical engineering students David Kishi, left, and Scott Montague
display the model helicopter they plan to use in an intelligent unmanned
flight contest. The May 19 competition at Georgia Tech in Atlanta requires
a helicopter to locate objects, pick them up and transport them to a
designated spot — all without pilot control. No one has accomplished the
task in four years of competition. The UBC team is developing computer-
controlled technology, but is still looking for funding to get to the event.
Massage doesn't enhance
athletic performance: study
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
It's a message that will probably go
unheeded, but results of a UBC study
involving competitive swimmers indicate
that massage therapy doesn't appear to
enhance an athlete's performance in the
pool.
"In spite of our inability to find scientific support for the benefits of massage,
athletes will continue to use it because it
makes them feel better," said Physiology
PhD student Jim Potts, who conducted
the study with Dr. Jack Taunton, co-
director of the Allan McGavin Sports
Medicine Centre.
"In competitive sports, that may be the
difference between winning and losing,"
added Potts, who, like Taunton, has extensive medical experience working with
Canadian teams at the national and international level.
Most national teams travel with a
massage therapist, or a physiotherapist.
However, there has been some controversy as to the physiological benefits of
massage therapy, said Potts. This, he
added, is partly because researchers have
had difficulty measuring its effectiveness.
With funding from the American Massage Therapist Association,  Potts and
Taunton set out to determine how effective three different recovery methods are
in reducing lactic acid in the blood of
competitive swimmers, following repetitive, high-intensity exercise.
"During exercise, lactic acid is produced by the working muscles. High
levels of lactic acid may result in changes
in blood acidity that may inhibit muscles
from performing at peak levels," said Potts.
"We wanted to assess whether or not
massage therapy assists in reducing the
levels of lactic acid in the blood to a near-
resting state."
The ability of an athlete to recover from
the effects of exercise is an important
determinant of performance, both during
training and competition. This is especially true in competitive swimming because swimmers often have to repeat high-
intensity efforts in a short period of time.
Twelve national level competitive swimmers took part in the study. They completed three 200-metre swims and were
then randomly assigned to 15 minutes of
recovery using massage, active recovery
and passive recovery.
Active recovery included a swim-down
at just over half speed, while passive
recovery consisted of lying on a mattress
on the pool deck.
See LACTATE Page 2
UBC physicist wins
prestigious prize
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
For the fourth time in six years, a
member of UBC's Physics Dept. has been
acclaimed as Canada's most outstanding
physicist below the age of 40.
Jeff Young, an associate professor, is
the winner of the 1994 Herzberg Prize,
which is awarded annually by the Canadian Association of Physicists.
Recent Herzberg winners in the department include Robert Kiefl (1992), Ian
Affleck (1990) and Tom Tiedje (1989).
Other previous UBC winners are Rudi
Haering, Walter Hardy and William Unruh.
Department Head Brian Turrell said
the prize "certainly says something about
our appointment procedure."
The department looks for not just the
best researchers and teachers available,
but those with "a spark" who have genuine interest in other fields as well as their
own, he said.
"We've built a strong team. We have
people with international reputations and
their high profile attracts good young
people here," Turrell said.
Young's research looks at physics of
materials used for information processing, such as computer transistors, semiconductor lasers and fibre optics, to see
how fast they can ultimately operate.
One promising direction for the future
of information processing is toward the
use of nano-structures, devices so small
that the processes occurring within them
are quantum mechanical in nature, he
said.
Young uses ultra-fast laser pulses, as
short as a few billionths of a millionth of
a second, to study the processes that go
on within these materials and the limits
of their performance.
He joined UBC just over a year ago,
after nine years at the National Research
Council in Ottawa. He received his BSc
from UBC's Engineering Physics program
in 1979 and his MSc and PhD from the
University of Toronto.
The Herzberg Prize is named for
Gerhard Herzberg, who in 1971 became
the first Canadian to win a Nobel Prize in
the physical sciences.
Study looks for unknown
causes of heart disease
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
Hope is here for victims of heart disease.
Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation
(HOPE), is a new four-year
study of potential risk factors that may lead to heart
attack or stroke causing
death.
Ross Tsuyuki, an assistant professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences, is
the Pacific regional
facilitator of the proj ect which involves 15
researchers across B.C., including several UBC faculty members.
"It is well known that there are factors
which increase the risk of cardiovascular
disease, such as smoking, high blood
pressure, high cholesterol, family history
and diabetes," Tsuyuki said. "However,
these traditional risk factors do not fully
account for all of the cases of heart disease. Clearly there are other, as yet unknown, factors."
Cardiovascular disease claims 140,000
Canadians each year.
Approximately 40 per
cent of the nation's
population will die ofthe
disease, Tsuyuki said.
He will also study the
effectiveness of vitamin
E in reducing the risk of
heart attack and stroke,
and of Ramipril, a drug
used to reduce high
blood pressure.
Patients considered
at high risk for heart
disease, or those who
already have heart disease, will be given combinations of
Ramipril, vitamin E or a placebo. Their
condition will be monitored for four years.
"We are very excited and optimistic
about the potential of these therapies. If
they are proven to be effective, we could
potentially apply the beneficial effects to
a large number ofthe population who are
at risk," Tsuyuki said.
He cautioned, however, that proof of
vitamin E's effectiveness needs to be determined  through   large,   randomized
See HOPE Page 2
Ross Tsuyuki
Post It
Inside
Offbeat: Campus mail gets through despite FOGS and bad "address hygiene"
Guarding Autonomy 5
Forum: Prof. Philip Resnick warns of a threat to university autonomy
Skating Cinderella 11
A UBC composer creates a hit ballet-on-ice for the Ice Capades
Pace Setter 12
Profile: Maria Klawe energizes Computer Science at UBC 2 UBC Reports - April 7, 1994
Letters
AAPS acts on
behalf of all
M&P staff
Editor:
Thank you for reporting
(UBC Reports, Mar. 10) on the
March 2 forum which AAPS
arranged for M & P staff to
meet with President David
Strangway. We appreciate the
coverage of the work our
association is doing in negotiating a voluntary agreement of
the terms and conditions of
employment for all management and professional staff at
UBC. We were also glad to
have the opportunity to hear
David Strangway's views on
this and other issues, and we
thank him for attending.
However, we should like to
draw attention to one inaccuracy in your article. The
Association of Administrative
and Professional Staff is the
bargaining agent representing
all members of management
and professional staff, who
total some 1,120 employees in
approximately 50 job families.
We were given this recognition
by President Strangway
himself in a letter dated March
1992 shortly after a substantial majority (70 per cent of
continuing full-time M&P
staff) voted to have AAPS
represent them.   Since that
time we have been the sole and
official representative of the M
& P group. The "550 administrators, managers and other
professionals on campus" to
which you refer in your article
are the total number of M & P
staff who actually pay dues to
the association.
Membership in AAPS. is, as
you say, voluntary, and the
remaining 570 management
and professional staff do not
pay dues. They do, however,
receive all the benefits and
privileges which accrue from
being represented, one such
privilege including being
invited to hear President
Strangway speak.  However
through highly attended
forums such as these, and
through further future coverage in UBC Reports relating to
our activities, AAPS hopes
"Automania"
strikes UBC
Editor:
The viability of the five
routes into UBC is a function
of what can be done for better
on-campus accessibility, and
an overall strategy for total
mobility in Vancouver come
2000 A.D.
As for the (micro) former: A
university invariably is a
microcosm of its city and
should be a lab for testing
region-wide logistics. But the
recent "planning" shenanigans
in UBC are nothing short of
criminal, e.g. the centrepiece
rose garden replaced by a
monument to automania.
As for the (macro) latter: we
missed your Feb. 23 meeting
while chasing the sun in
Arizona, USA — and a timely
warning!  Phoenix is the fastest
growing sprawl in USA, but
unlike the fastest growing
region in our benign benighted
land, it is so strangulated with
"freeways" that walking is a
forgotten art, and there can be
little hope for the public mode
beyond bikes racked on
infrequent buses.
So enough sermonizing, and
more "probable parables."
There are many pieces to a
non-perfect solution: Micro-car
transporters that would
linehaul electric urbmobiles
and cycles; eliminating paid
parking, the greatest curse
affecting 70 per cent of cars;
and the creek-inlet-conveyor, a
key passageway (available
through City Plan) that will
foster mobility with exercise,
the easiest way to preventive
medicine.
William E. Cooke, P. Eng.
Vancouver
Lactate
Continued from Page 1
Blood samples were then
taken and analysed for their lactate concentration.
The results revealed that active recovery at 65 per cent of
maximal swimming velocity is
more effective than either massage or passive recovery in reducing lactate levels to resting
levels following repetitive, high-
intensity exercise. Massage does
not appear to be any more effec
tive than passive recovery in reducing lactate levels under the
same conditions.
"These results would probably hold true for most repetitive, high-intensity sports, like
swimming and track cycling,"
said Potts.
"However, the results won't
change a thing. Many swimmers believe there are benefits
to massage therapy and will continue to use it."
Hope
Continued from Page 1
clinical trials.
"I would not suggest that anyone go out and buy large quantities of vitamin E supplements.
Anyone who wishes to take vitamin E should see their pharmacist for recommendations on
what and how much to take."
HOPE is one of several studies planned by the Canadian
Cardiovascular Collaboration, a
team of more than 150 cardiac
research specialists from across
Canada.
The study, open to people aged
55 or older with a high risk of
heart attack, will involve 9,000
patients in North America and
Europe. Tsuyuki hopes to recruit several hundred participants in B.C.
The $ 11 -million project is being
funded by the Medical Research
Council of Canada and pharmaceutical companies Hoescht-
Roussel and Astra Pharma.
For more information about
participating in the HOPE study,
call 520-4734.
gradually to gain more financial support from our colleagues.
Sue Eldridge
President
Association of Administrative
and Professional Staff
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If you are unable to attend the session designated for your
faculty, please feel free to participate on an alternative date:
April 11 (Mon.)     Arts, Commerce, Education, Old Auditorium
Graduate Studies, Law Noon - 2:00 pm
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• sampling • forecasting
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4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508
Home: (604) 263-5394
The University of British Columbia
GREEN COLLEGE
Application for Non-Resident Faculty
Membership
Green College invites applications from UBC
faculty who wish to be non-resident members of
the College.  The term of membership is two
years from September 1, 1994. Selection is based
on academic distinction, interdisciplinary
interests and receptiveness, commitment to
participate in College life, and a balance in
membership in terms of discipline, rank and
gender.  Please send a letter of interest and a
curriculum vitae to:
The Membership Committee
Green College
6201 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C.   V6T 1Z1
Tel:   822-8660
The deadline for applications is May 31, 1994.
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Editor: Paula M<
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Contributors: C<
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rsand
ished in
ivith UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994 3
Faculty, students
call for openness,
communication
Open governance and increased communication are key to a more democratic
teaching institution, say representatives
of the Faculty Association and the student Alma Mater Society.
The comments were made following a
March 24 public forum for students, faculty and the public to discuss UBC's
physical, intellectual, and social condition in the '90s.
About 70 faculty, staff, students and
community members attended the forum, sponsored by the Faculty Association and the Alma Mater Society.
"What we're suggesting is a shift from
centralism to decentralized, participatory, governance," said Bill Bruneau,
president ofthe UBC Faculty Association.
"A sign ofthe kind of legislative democracy that we want would be for both the
Senate and Board of Governors finance
committees to be totally open in the way
that they gather their evidence and take
their decisions."
Openness and communication must
be geared to a specified end "and that end
is a sense of community and purpose
towards education and research," added
Bill Dobie, president of the Alma Mater
Society.
A panel of speakers raised a number of
issues they felt deserve scrutiny at UBC.
including building maintenance, library
resources, class sizes, personal security,
chilly climate, the teaching environment
and accessibility to post-secondary education.
But the heads of the sponsoring organizations said most issues come back
to governance of the institution itself.
"Every single organization on campus
has to make itself more open, and that
includes the board (of governors)." said
Law Prof. Dennis Pavlich, one of two
faculty representatives on the Board of
Governors, who was among the audience
members who commented on the panel's
presentations.
UBC is a great institution with high
quality faculty, staff and students, he said.
"Yes, there are problems," he added,
"but don't lose sight ofthe fact that this is
a great place."
The forum was a leadup to campus-
wide meetings between President David
Strangway and faculty members scheduled for April 5. 11 and 13.
Strangway is also holding breakfast
meetings with faculty to listen to their
concerns and discuss campus issues. He
has met with about 750 faculty during 40
meetings in the past year.
Offbeat
N
by staff writers
either snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from
the swift completion of their appointed rounds...but FOGS will get them
every time.
That's just one of a thousand
acronyms used daily by members of
the campus community when
addressing mail, a practice that
often delays the arrival of a letter at
its intended destination.
"FOGS can stand for Friends of
the Garden Society or the Faculty of
Graduate Studies," explained Ken
Leighton, manager of Campus
Mailing Services (CMS).
"Apart from the acronym, which
itself may be wrong, there is often no
other information. About 60 per cent
of the mail we process is incorrectly
addressed this way."
That's a lot of letters heading for
uncertainty when you consider that
40 per cent of the mail CMS receives
is internal, going to 220 departments
in 106 buildings on campus.
So don't shoot the messenger.
Even with "address hygiene" this
bad, Leighton calculates that CMS
sorts and delivers the equivalent of
one piece of mail per second every
working day.
One of the largest facilities of its
kind in North America, CMS handles
an average of 24,000 pieces of mail
daily, or six million pieces a year. If
placed end to end, the amount of
mail received annually would stretch 1,392 kilometres.
New state-of-the-art mall processing equipment installed over the past
three years helps Leighton and his crew of 18 full-time staff cope with the
volume.
One of the services available includes personalized direct addressing that
can target any employee group, then personally address envelopes or letters
at a rate of up to 10,000 pieces per hour.
Another automated mail processing service CMS offers is folding and
inserting up to six letters in one envelope at a production speed of 10,000
inserts per hour.
CMS can also to provide address database management, mail metering
and consulting.
For more information, call 822-2285.
Better yet, drop them a line.
Fold Everything
Mail Technician Allan Doner puts
one of Campus Mail Services' high-
tech, high-speed machines
through its paces. The machine
can fold and insert up to six letters
in one envelope at a production
speed of 10,000 inserts per hour.
Abe Hefter photo
Helping Hand
Teammates link hands in the last stage of the annual Storm the Wall
competition which involves swimming, running, cycling and, finally storming
the four-metre wall. This year's Storm the Wall divisional championship
was won by the Faculty of Medicine team Fast Deferens, with a time of 12
minutes and one second. Medicine became the first unit in nine years to
win the Intramural Sports Triple Crown award with victories in Storm the
Wall, the Arts '20 Relay and Day of the Longboat.
Techniques can help
jog spouse's memory
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
I must be getting old.
x   It's a common refrain at any age when
we forget where we put the
car keys  or our reading
glasses.
"Many of us have been
raised with the belief that
our memory abilities decline with age, but in most
cases this type of memory
lapse is natural and nothing to worry about," says
Karen Gallic a Psychology
instructor and clinical researcher in UBC's Clinic
for Alzheimer Disease and
Related Disorders, who has
examined the effectiveness
of memory-boosting strategies
Alzheimer patients.
Gallie cautioned, however, that frequent memory lapses and the importance of the information being forgotten
could create stress, especially for spouses
who are dealing with memory-impaired
partners, leading to strained relationships.
Gallie believes that a lack of resources
to help spouses deal with their partners'
memory difficulties may compound the
stress.
That's why she and colleagues Dr.
Lynn Beattie, head of Geriatric Medicine,
and Holly Tuokko, a clinical associate
professor of Psychiatry, have created a
program specifically designed to teach
spouses techniques to help improve
memory performance in partners experi-
Karen Gallie
for
encing memory loss.
The program is part of a larger research project to develop and test memory-
boosting techniques with memory-impaired individuals.
Spouses will learn some
ofthe basic principles underlying most memory
strategies as well as how to
use external and internal
memory aids, Gallie said.
Examples of external
memory aids include appointment books, calendars and grocery lists.
"External memory aids
are the easiest and most
immediate types of strategies to use," Gallie said.
'The key to their success is
that they must be used
consistently and kept in the same place."
Internal memory aids, such as face-
name association and picture elaboration, are more sophisticated and require
spouses to constantly encourage and
guide memory-impaired partners to use
them, she said.
The type of internal or external memory
aid used and its success varies depending
on the severity ofthe memory impairment.
Gallie has compiled these and other
memory-boosting techniques in a handbook that will be used by participants in
the study. The researchers hope to recruit volunteers this month.
Spouses who have noticed a pattern of
memory loss of at least one month's duration in their partners can call 822-6493
for more information about the study. 4 UBC Reports • April 7, 1994
Outstanding Athletes
Abe Hefter photo
Sam LeRiche, left, and Conrad Leinemann were named UBC's outstanding
athletes for 1993/94 at the Big Block Club awards and reunion dinner March
24 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel. LeRiche, the leading goal scorer on the
women's field hockey team, received the Marilyn Pomfret Trophy as UBC's
outstanding female athlete. The four-time All-Canadian and Canada West
player of the year led the Thunderbirds to the Canada West title.
Leinemann, the Canada West volleyball player of the year and a first-team
All-Canadian, received the Bobby Gaul Trophy as UBC's outstanding
graduating male athlete. Also honoured were field hockey player-manager
Sheena Scott, winner of the Kay Brearley Award for outstanding service to
women's athletics; retired UBC business manager Buzz Moore, winner of
the Arthur Delamont Award for "perennial freshman spirit"; and rugby
trainer Sharon Spinder, who won the Carolyn Dobie-Smith Award as the
outstanding student trainer.
News Digest
F estiva '94!, a celebration ofthe multicultural richness ofthe UBC campus, will
be held at International House on April 22.
The program, which begins at 5 p.m., features cultural displays, a food fair
where you can sample international cuisine, entertainment and a dance party.
Festiva '94! is hosted and sponsored by the International Student Services Office
at International House and co-sponsored by the Multicultural Liaison Office and more
than 20 student cultural groups. Tickets are $5 in advance and at $7 at the door. Call
the International Student Centre at 822-5021 for more information.
How different health practitioners should interact in dealing with a variety of
moral issues is the topic of a conference being sponsored by UBC's Continuing
Education in the Health Sciences.
Bridging the Professions: An Interdisciplinary Bioethics Course will explore the
sensitivities and ethical principles involved in the health care field. It will also help
health care team members develop an appreciation of each other's role in responding
to bioethical issues. The conference takes place April 15 and 16 at the Coast Plaza
Hotel at Stanley Park. For more information, call 822-2626 or 822-4965.
• • • •
Four UBC students made award-winning presentations at the annual North
American Model United Nations (NAMUN), Feb.  10-20 at the University of
Toronto.
At NAMUN, universities represent various countries with delegates attending
committee meetings to deal with such topics as the environment and discrimination.
Resolutions are drawn up and voted on.
Sixteen UBC students attended this year's session. Seven represented the Russian
Federation, five represented the Netherlands, and four represented Thailand.
The four UBC award-winning presentations were made by Liliana Daminato
(justice), James Ivanoff (disarmament), Dinos Kyrou (economics and finance), and
Keri McKenzie (sustainable development).
• • • •
The Clinical Engineering program will be discontinued, effective November 30,
1994, as a result of budget cuts in the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
The recommendation to close the program was made because the resources
to run it are not available.
Faced with no prospects for obtaining additional resources from other sources, it
has been recommended that the program be discontinued. Dean John Grace told the
March 16 meeting of Senate.
Founded in 1979, Clinical Engineering offered a Master of Engineering Program to
train engineering graduates to maintain sophisticated patient-care equipment in
hospitals. Groups of four to 10 students per year have typically enrolled in the
program. No new students were admitted in September 1993. The one continuing
student in the program is expected to graduate in the fall of 1994.
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$500 UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994 5
Forum
The threat to
higher education
-Philip Resnick
by Philip Resnick
Philip Resnick is a professor in
UBC's Political Science Dept. This is
an excerpt from Policy Options. Vol.
14, no. 9. Nov. 9,   1993.
In the climate in which universities currently find themselves,
enormous attention is being paid to
problems of funding.  With federal
and provincial finances in the red,
and deficit reduction a veritable
fetish among
decision makers        ^^^^^^^^^™
in the public
sector, it is hard
to focus debate
on a much more
serious threat to
higher education. This is the
danger to
university
autonomy that
comes with an
ever-larger
corporate
involvement in
university 	
funding.
For some, who take a hard
market approach to every aspect of
social life, there is everything to be
gained from such corporate involvement.  On the assumption that
"what is good for corporate Canada
is good for Canada as a whole,"
there is no reason to treat universities or colleges with kid gloves.
Corporate involvement will help
instill the necessary bottom-line
mentality otherwise so sorely
lacking in university administrations.  It will ensure that areas of
teaching and research more closely
match potential areas of growth and
future profit in the economy.  It will
import a more clearly cost-effective
tone to campuses than is the case
when academics are left to their own
devices.
The author of this article is not
under the illusion that universities
and colleges have no role to play in
an economy where brain-power and
technology are absolutely central.
Nor does he have some fond nostalgia for an imaginary past, in which
universities were islands unto
themselves, unbeholden to the
societies in which they were located.
We are however, faced with a
qualitative jump in the influence
both of corporations and of the
corporate mind-set over the operation of our higher educational
institutions.
The emergence of a crusading,
neo-conservative ideology in recent
decades has wrought important
changes in the climate in which
universities must function.  In
tougher economic times, there has
been a tendency for university
presidents and boards of governors
to bend over backward in seeking
funding from the private sector,
which often has a direct stake in
the research and training that
takes place.
It is not uncommon to find deans
of faculties such as forestry on the
boards of directors of large forestry
companies.
One also finds an increasing
number of university presidents who
sit on the boards of large corpora-
"We are faced with a
qualitative jump in the
influence both of
corporations and of the
corporate mind-set
over the operation of
our higher educational
institutions."
tions. This was not the pattern a
few decades ago, but it is a sad
reflection of the more market-driven
ethos that has come to prevail.
Pushed to the extreme, it leads to
statements of university philosophy
that see the interests of universities
and corporations as one and the
same.
The inevitable consequence of
hands-on corporate input is a
tendency to emphasize the utilitarian over the critical, the short-term
and profitable
^^^^^^^^^^      over the long-
term and theoretical. Yet basic
knowledge, in
the humanities,
in the social
sciences, in the
pure sciences,
and in many
other fields does
not lend itself to
a simple game of
"winners and
losers."  Less still
is this true when
       one thinks of the
way in which the
game is played on Bay St., Wall St.
or in the casino capitalism of the
global corporation.  As in Antigone's
retort to Creon, "the values of higher
education are not of today or
yesterday, but everlasting."  Research and teaching are not something which the corporate sector
should be able unduly to shape.
This is not an argument for
universities as ivory towers. They
need to be accountable, in the
fullest sense, to the larger community in which they find themselves.
But they do need to be free to carry
out their mission of critical teaching
and research.  Community obligations do not begin and end with the
corporate conception of "the greater
good." Indeed, there is an overwhelming case for differentiating
spheres of activity in a pluralist
society, with no one interest able to
press its claims too strongly on all
others.   I fear that, at the current
juncture, universities are finding
themselves subjected to excessive
corporate influence.
So what can be done? At a
minimum, one must begin by
sounding the alarm, by challenging
potential conflicts of interest that
flow, for example, from membership
of senior university administrators
on the boards of private corporations. We talk of conflict of interest
codes for politicians; why not for
university administrators? One
must also subject to careful scrutiny the ties that come with corporate financing, particularly when
these involve favouring one kind of
research over another, one approach
over another. There may be too high
a price to be paid for such funding.
But most of all, it behooves the
university community itself - its
administrators, its faculty, its
student body — to be cognizant at
all times of the importance of
university autonomy today. For the
threat to that autonomy may come
far more from corporations bearing
gifts than from the more familiar
ecclesiastical or political forces that
threatened intellectual freedom in
the past.
&^!i
MS*   *
Group Of Five
Abe Hefter photo
The lower lobby ofthe Museum of Anthropology has become the temporary
home to five life-sized figures by artist and teacher Sally Michener.
Composed of brightly coloured fragments of ceramic tiles and mirror,
"Alice, Donna, Helen, John and Adam" stand outside the entrance to the
Koerner Ceramics Gallery. The exhibit will be on display through the end
of April.
Study points out value of
real estate in pension plans
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
As baby boomers get older, more and
more of them are thinking about how
financially secure they will be when they
reach retirement age.
Commerce and Business Administration Professors Stan Hamilton and Robert
Heinkel have teamed up to answer one of
the most often-asked questions when it
comes to determining the strength of a
particular pension plan.
"Does real estate belong in a pension
plan portfolio?"
The question has been answered in
the most comprehensive study of its kind
ever undertaken in Canada.
The answer is yes, according to Hamilton and Heinkel.
The value of Canadian real estate is
estimated to exceed $1.6 trillion, yet
trusteed pension plans, with a value of
approximately $250 billion, hold less than
four per cent of their value in real estate
assets.
"Real estate is significantly under-represented in pension plans, considering
its importance in total value," Hamilton
said.
In answering the question, Hamilton
and Heinkel laid out the key features of
pension plans that are important in designing the plan's asset holdings. These
key features include the organization of
the plan, the structure of promised benefits, the plan's size, cash flow requirements and maturity.
'The risk profile of a plan's funding
obligation is tied into factors such as
expected inflation," Heinkel said. 'This
risk factor affects wages, current and
future pension benefits, and the expectations of retirees.
"Real estate is one of the best hedges
against inflation. The more your fund is
linked to inflation, the more it makes
sense to have assets linked to inflation,
such as investment-grade real estate."
Hamilton and Heinkel determined that
a very conservative pension plan will
optimally have five per cent of its asset
portfolio in real estate. More aggressive
plans, those that accept higher volatility
in order to gain higher expected returns,
will hold in excess of 20 per cent of their
portfolio in real estate.
"However, considering the liquidity and
management issues relating to real estate, we concluded that real estate should
comprise between five and 15 per cent of
the pension portfolio," Hamilton said.
Having concluded that real estate has
a role in most pension plans, Hamilton
and Heinkel proceeded to ask a second
question. What form of real estate is most
appropriate:  retail, industrial or office?
Unlike the management of financial
assets like stocks and bonds, the management of real estate is a hands-on
activity, said Hamilton. Choosing a real
estate investment vehicle is a matter of
matching a pension plan's key features
with the specific advantages and disadvantages of a particular real estate investment.
'The type of real estate investment is
almost secondary to the initial decision to
invest in real estate in the first place,"
explained Hamilton.
"Real estate is very cyclical. It must be
viewed as a long-term investment.
"However, based on our research, we've
determined that real estate makes sense
for the two basic pension plans available
in Canada: the defined benefit plan, which
spells out an employee's retirement package at the onset; and the defined contribution plan, in which future payout is
based on member contributions and earnings."
The research by Hamilton and Heinkel
was done through the faculty's Bureau of
Asset Management and included an advisory team of pension plan consultants
and administrators, real estate experts,
and financiers from Vancouver and Toronto. 6 UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994
Calendar
April 10 through April 23
Sunday, Apr. 10
Botanical Garden Art Show
Leaf, Bud And Blossom. Continued from Sat. and through to
Apr. 13. Sponsored by Friends of
the UBC Botanical Garden. Garden Reception Centre. Call 822-
9666.
Monday, Apr. 11
Green College Lecture
Commerce, Delicacy And The Decline Of Old Mortality. Dr. Ruth
Richardson, Institute of Historical Research, U. of London.
Graham House Dining Hall at
6pm.  Call 822-4225.
Tuesday, Apr. 12
Animal Science Seminar
Series
The Role Of The Poultry Exten-
sionSpecialistlnB.C. S.Paulson.
MacMillan 260 at 12:30pm. Call
822-4593.
History Colloquium
The Life, Death, Burial And Resurrection Company: Metropolitan Burial In The UK, Since The
Great Fire Of London. Dr. Ruth
Richardson, Institute of Historical Research, U. of London.
Buchanan Penthouse at
12:30pm.  Call 822 5748.
Curriculum/Instruction
Special Lecture
The Development Of Understanding Kieran Egan, visiting scholar.
Scarfe 1003 from 3-6pm. Reception following.   Call 822-6502.
Wednesday, Apr. 13
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
The Role Of Rifampin In Systemic
Staphylococcal Infections.
Detwiller Pavilion Jane DeLemos,
PhD student. Clinical Pharmacy.
IRC #5 from 4:30-5:30pm. Call
822-4645.
19th Century Studies
Colloquium
Victorian Mourning: Etiquette
And The Expression Of Grief. Dr.
Ruth Richardson, Institute of
Historical Research, U. of London. Green College recreation
lounge at 8pm.  Call 822-4225.
Child Study Centre
Kindergarten Open House
Visit UBC's Child Study Centre
Model Kindergarten Program. 2881
Acadia Rd. from l-4pm. Call 822-
2311.
Thursday, Apr. 14
AWA Spring Luncheon
Annual general luncheon and
meeting of the Academic Women's
Assoc. Faculty Club salons A/B
from 12-2pm. All members invited. Reservations, call 822-6445.
Friday, Apr. 15
Grand Rounds
Iron Nutrition For The Healthy
Term Infant. Dr. Sheila M. Innis,
assoc. prof. G.F. Strong auditorium at 9am.  Call 875-2307.
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
Anchoring Phenomenon: Designing Two-Dimensional Graphics.
Dr. Joseph Tan, assist, prof.,
HCEP; Izak Benbasat, prof., Commerce. Mather 253 from 9- 10am.
Call 822-2772.
Chemistry Seminar
19F NMR Studies Of Drugs Bound
To Enzymes. Dr. Mike Bernstein,
Merck Frosst Canada, Pointe
Claire, Que. Chemistry 225 at
11:30am.  Call 822-3266.
Art Exhibition
Continues to May 21. Dominique
Blain. UBC Fine Arts Gallery at
the Main Library. Open 10am-
5pm. 12-5pm. Sat. Call 822-2759.
Saturday, Apr. 16
French/Spanish/Japanese/
Mandarin/Cantonese
Conversation Classes
Ten weekly sessions. Develop Your
Conversational Abilities, UBC Language Programs/Services. Also
offered Wed's. Buchanan D building from 9:30am- 12:30pm, Sat.'s;
7- 10pm, Wed.'s.    Call 222-5227.
Sunday, Apr. 17
Science Lecture Series
Lucy And Lucy's Child: Origins Of
Humankind. Dr.     Donald
Johanson, paleoanthropologist
and founding dir. of the Institute
for Human Origins. Orpheum
Theatre at 7:30pm. Tickets call
280-2801. 1/2 price tickets available at UBC Bookstore.
Tuesday, Apr. 19
Animal Science Seminar
Series
Current Status Of In-Vitro Em
bryo Production In The Bovine.
Jamal Kurtu, MSc student. Animal Science. MacMillan 260 at
12:30pm.   Call 822-4593.
Wednesday, Apr. 20
Commerce Alumni Business
Breakfast
The New British Columbia: The
Changes And The Challenges.
Milton K. Wong, chair & CEO, MK
Wong & Associates, Dean's Advisory Council, UBC Commerce/
Business Administration. Hyatt
Regency Hotel Regency Centre
ballroom from 7:15-8:45am. $20.
Limited seating. For reservations
call 822-8923.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Arthritis Of The Elbow: Surgical
Management InThe'90s. Dr. R.W.
McGraw, Dr. Bertrand Perry. Vancouver Hospital Eye Care Centre,
7am. Call 875-4272.
Thursday, Apr. 21
DOW Distinguished Lecturer
Teaching Of Electrokinetic Transport Phenomena In Chemical Engineering. Jacob H. Masliyah, prof..
Chemical Engineering, U. of Alberta. Pulp/Paper Centre seminar
room 101 at 1 lam. Call 822-8560.
Psychiatry Academic Lecture
Series
Functional Magnetic Resonance
Studies In Schizophrenia. Peter
C. Williamson, assoc. prof.. Psychiatry, U. of Western Ontario.
Detwiller Pavilion lecture theatre,
from 12-lpm.  Call 822-7314.
Centre for South Asian
Research Seminar
Some Aspects Of Monistic Philosophy Before The Great Sankara.
Ashok Aklujar, Asian Studies.
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-3703/4359.
Friday, Apr. 22
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
The Future Of Canadian Pediatrics:
Career Choices Among Pediatric
Trainees. Dr. Sandra Whitehouse.
GF Strong auditorium at 9am. Call
875-2307.
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
TBA.   Call 822-2772.
Festiva '94!
A celebration of the cultural richness ofthe UBC campus; international food fair; cultural show, displays. International Student Centre at 5pm.   $5.   Call 822-5021.
Notices
Student Housing
The off-campus housing listing
service offered by the UBC Housing Office has been discontinued.
A new service offered by the AMS
has been established to provide a
housing listing service for both
students and landlords. This new
service utilizes a computer voice
messaging system. Students call
822-9844. landlords call 822-
9847.
Campus Tours
School and College Liaison tours
provide prospective UBC students
with an overview of campus activities/ faculties/services. Fridays
at 9:30am. Reservations required
one week in advance. Call 822-
4319.
Disability Resource Centre
The centre provides consultation
and information for faculty members with students with disabilities. Guidebooks/services for students and faculty available. Call
822-5844.
Women Students' Office
Advocacy/personal counselling
services available. Call 822-2415.
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns and are prepared to help any member of the
UBC community who is being sexual ly harassed find a satisfactory
resolution. Call 822-6353.
Clinical Research Support
Group
Faculty of Medicine data analysts
supporting clinical research. To
arrange a consultation, call Laurel
at 822-4530.
Human Sexual Response
The dept.'s of psychology and pharmacology are conducting a study
directed   toward  physiological
arousal in women. Volunteers
must be between 18-45 and heterosexual. $40 honorarium. Call
822-2998.
Dermatology Clinical Trials
Athlete's Foot. Volunteers between the ages of 18-65. Lab
tests required. Reimbursement
for qualified volunteers upon
completion of study. Call 875-
5296.
Acne Study. Must be 25 yrs. or
younger. 5 visits over 12-week
period. No placebo involved.
Honorarium. Call 875-5296.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Study. Su-
perficialTumours. 18yrs. /older.
6 visits over 16 weeks. Honorarium upon completion. Call
875-5296.
Psoriasis Study. 18yrs./older. 5
visits over 8-week period. Working with a new topical medication (Dovonex). Above studies
take place at 855 West 10th Ave.
Call 875-5296.
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Dept.
of Statistics to provide statistical
advice to faculty/graduate students working on research problems.   Call 822-4037.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items.
Every Wednesday. 12-5pm. Task
Force Bldg., 2352 Health Sciences Mall. Call Vince at 822-
2582/Rich at 822-2813.
Nitobe Garden
Open weekdays only from 10am-
3pm.  Call 822-6038.
Botanical Garden
Open daily from 10am-6pm.
Shop In The Garden, call 822-
4529; 822-9666, the gardens.
UBC REPORTS
CALENDAR DEADLINES
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Community Relations Office, 207-
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver. B.C. V6T1Z2. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space. Deadline for the April 21 issue of
UBC Reports-*-which covers the period April 24 to May
7 — is noon, April 12.
Graduating students raise
$ 186,931 for faculty projects
UBC's graduating students
went over the top this year.
More than 1,100 graduates
contributed $186,931 to Class
Act, a student fund-raising
initiative now in its third year.
All faculties participated in
the campaign for the first time,
with Dentistry leading the way
with a 100-per-cent participation rate.
The students, who pledged
an average of $166 over three
years for projects chosen by
the students of each faculty,
Leeza MacDonald photo
surpassed their goal by more
than $20,000.
Donations will go to such
projects as the MBA/MSc
Employment Research Centre
in the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration;   a bursary for Forestry
students;   Engineering
student scholarships;   computers and equipment in
Pharmaceutical Sciences;   a
Science student bursary fund
and an Arts student bursary
fund. UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994 7
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON HUMAN RIGHTS
SUBJECT:
Human Rights, Discrimination, and Harassment
RESPONSIBLE VICE PRESIDENT:
Vice President Academic and Provost
Vice President Administration
and Finance
Vice President External Affairs
Vice President Research
Vice President Student
and Academic Services
INTRODUCTION:
This policy is designed to ensure that
the participation of every student and
member of faculty and staff at the University of British Columbia is not limited by
harassment or by discrimination on the
basis of age, "race", colour, ancestry,
place of origin, religion, marital status,
family status, physical disability, mental
disability, sex, or sexual orientation.
Freedom of intellectual inquiry and
expression are essential freedoms in a
university, and conflicting ideas and opinions are a vital feature of university life.
Nothing in this policy is to be interpreted
as limiting or discouraging intellectual
examination. For UBC to achieve its
educational purposes, all individuals
must feel free to express responsibly their
views and opinions.
At the same time, academic freedom
must not be exercised in ways that deny
freedom to others or make its exercise
more difficult by creating a hostile environment for work, study, or participation
in campus life.
PURPOSE:
To provide and maintain a work and
study environment free from discrimination and harassment.
POLICY:
Every student and member of faculty
and staff at the University of British
Columbia has the right to study and work
in an environment free from harassment
and free from discrimination on the basis
of age (this is not meant to affect the
University's policy on mandatory retirement), "race", colour, ancestry, place of
origin, religion, marital status, family
status, physical disability, mental disability, sex, or sexual orientation, unless
there is a bona fide and reasonable justification. Policies or programs that have
as their object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantage do not violate this
policy.
PROCEDURE SUMMARY:
UBC will: provide educational opportunities that raise the awareness of the
university community about human
rights issues; promote respect for all
members of the university community;
and offer training to administrative heads
of units to create a positive climate for
work, study, and participation in university life.
On the bases set out in the policy
above, UBC will not tolerate harassment
or discrimination. Through those holding line administrative responsibility and
through its Equity Office, UBC will develop the capacity of administrative heads
of unit to respond appropriately to such
acts. In addition, the Equity Office will
provide advice and a confidential complaint resolution process for students,
faculty, and staff members who believe
that thev have experienced harassment
or discrimination,
UBC prohibits reprisal or threats of
reprisal against any member of the university community who in good faith
makes use of any aspect of this policy or
Draft #3
who participates in proceedings held
under its jurisdiction. Persons who lodge
complaints of harassment or discrimination in bad faith will be subject to discipline.
The Equity Office is not a substitute
for line administrative authority, and the
responsibility for maintaining a discrimination- and harassment-free environment
rests with those charged with responsibility for administration at UBC.
Under this policy, administrative heads
of unit are expected to take appropriate
action whenever thev become aware of
harassment or discrimination issues in
their units, even in the absence of an
individual complaint. Thev may seek the
assistance of the services provided
through the Equity Office, such as consultation or fact-finding, in order to discharge their responsibilities.
DETAILED PROCEDURES:
EDUCATION
The Equity Office has responsibility to
provide information to the campus community about human rights issues at
UBC. It offers programs to foster a positive human rights climate and operates
in conjunction with other units on campus.
COMPLAINTS
Existing Collective Agreements
If the procedures specified here are
inconsistent with those in an existing
collective agreement (copies available
through the Department of Human Resources), that agreement will prevail.
Members of faculty and staff covered by a
collective agreement have the option of representa-
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
April 7, 1994
Dear Colleagues:
Draft #3 of the Policy on Human Rights, Discrimination and
Harassment is printed here for your review and comment.
This draft was created by using Draft #2 , which had been published
in September's UBC Reports, as a base. Many of the suggestions
received have been incorporated in Draft #3, and appear underlined.
Please send any advice you may have to Libby Nason, Vice Provost,
by April 30 latest.
Yours sincerely.
-en
David W. Strangway
President
tion in accordance
with the terms of
the relevant collective agreement.
Resolving  Differences on Own
Nothing in this
policy or these procedures  is  to be
construed as preventing individuals
from resolving differences on their
own, without assistance from third parties.     Complainants
may also address their
complaints to their ad
ministrative head of unit.
Complainants are encouraged
to address their concerns directly
to the person(s) causing the concern.
Informal Resolution — Equity Advisor
Persons who believe that they have
been subjected to comment or conduct
falling within the definition of discrimination or harassment may discuss the
matter on a confidential basis with an
Equity Advisor.
The Equity Advisor provides advice
and assistance to the complainant on
the policy and procedures and on possible actions that might be taken. The
Equity Advisor assists complainants to
weigh options and strategies, and may
refer the person to line administrators
or specialists (e.g. an advisor trained in
sexual harassment cases) where appropriate.
Complainant Right to Withdraw
The decision on whether and how to
pursue the matter rests with the complainant. The complainant has the right
to withdraw a complaint at any time,
subject to the University's right to proceed.
University Responsibility to Proceed
The University has a legal responsibility to provide an environment free from
discrimination and harassment, and, in
certain circumstances, may be obliged to
proceed in the absence of a complaint, or
over objections or withdrawal bv the complainant,
The University, through its administrators and Equity
Office staff, will consider the needs of
both the complainant and the University in deciding
whether to proceed,
taking into account
both the need for
protection against
retaliation on the
part of witnesses
and complainants
and the need for due
process on the part
of respondents.
Unknown Squrce(s)
Where the identity
of the people responsible for acts is unknown
to the administrative head
of unit, the Associate Vice
President Equity will arrange
an investigation with counselling
and educational support as appropriate, and will notify appropriate authorities both  inside  and  outside  the
University.
Filing a Formal. Written Complaint
Formal complaints are lodged with the
Equity Office. Complaints are specified
in writing with reasonable detail. It is
recommended that complainants seek
assistance of an Equity Advisor in formulating a formal complaint.
Time Limit
Complaints are lodged within one year
ofthe most recent incident. Requests for
extensions of the one year limit may be
granted by the Associate Vice President
Equity.
Notice to Respondent
An Equity Advisor (other than the one
advising the complainant) delivers to the
respondent a copy ofthe complaint and a
copy of the policy and procedures, and
provides advice and assistance on how to
address the situation. The respondent is
asked to let the Equity Office know within
three calendar days if he/she intends to
respond, and has j_4 calendar days from
date of receipt of the complaint in which
to respond in writing. The Equity Advisor
delivers a copy of the response to the
complainant.
Conflict Resolution Services
During this stage, either the respondent or complainant may request conflict
resolution services from the Equity Office
to resolve the dispute. Such activities
take place only with the consent of both
parties and are without prejudice to any
further proceedings on the matter. Written material, oral testimony or the fact
that either or both sides failed to agree to
informal conflict resolution procedures
may not be used as evidence in any
subsequent hearing.
No Retaliation
Related events that take place after the
giving of written notice may, without the
filing of a further complaint but with due
notice to the complainant or respondent,
be the subject of mediation or a formal
hearing.
Files
The Equity Advisor maintains confidential files on cases lodged with the
Equity Office. The files are restricted to
current Equity Office staff.
Notification of Administrative Head of Unit
If the dispute has not been resolved by
the complainant and respondent within
14 calendar days of the lodging of a
formal written complaint, the Associate
Vice President Equity notifies the administrative head(s) of unit(s) of both the
complainant and the respondent, as well
as their respective Vice Presidents (and
Deans if students, faculty or staff are in
academic units).
Appointment of Fact Finders
The Associate Vice President Equity
appoints two fact finders to interview the
complainant, the respondent, and any
witnesses, and to review any evidence
relevant to the case. The fact finders
submit a report of findings to the complainant and respondent, their administrative head(s) of unit(s), their Vice Presidents (and Deans if students, faculty or
staff are in academic units), and the
Associate Vice President Equity, normally
within one month.
Continued on Page 8 8 UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Policy on Human Rights
Consideration by Administrative Head(s) of
Unit(s)
The Administrative Head(s) of Unit(s)
who has authority , given the complainant and respondent, to decide the case:
reviews the report of the fact finders;
interviews the complainant and respondent to discuss the report; consults the
Vice President(s) concerned (and if academic departments, the Dean); and consults with the staff from the Equity Office
before deciding if discipline or remedy is
warranted, and if so, the appropriate
discipline/remedy in the circumstances.
Notification of Discipline/Remedy
Notification of discipline/remedy imposed by the Administrative Head(s) of
Unit(s) is sent in writing to the complainant and the respondent with copies to the
Associate Vice President Equity and the
deans and vice presidents involved. Normal disciplinary procedures as described
in the University Calendar (for students)
or in collective agreements or terms and
conditions of employment (for members
of faculty and staff) are followed.
Appeal Mechanisms
A student who disagrees with an imposed penalty or that a violation of the
policy took place, has recourse through
the Senate Committee on Appeals on
Academic Discipline. A member of staff
or faculty who disagrees with the penalty
imposed on him/her has recourse through
the provisions ofthe collective agreement
or terms and conditions of employment.
Whether or not dealt with by any University processes, the complainant may have
recourse to any external process which
may be available.
Contractors
Contractors or visitors to the university who feel they have been harassed or
discriminated against bv a member ofthe
university community do not have access
to the complaint procedure of this policy,
but may consult with the Equity Office or
express concerns directly to the President's Office. Contractors and visitors
are expected to conduct themselves in
any university-related activity in a manner consistent with this policy. Allegations of harassment or discrimination on
the part of contractors will be dealt with
by the University.
ANNUAL REPORTS
The Equity Office publishes annually
statistical information about the number
of complaints made, types of complaints,
and outcomes. It also reports annually
on its educational activities, noting incidents which have contributed both positively and negatively to the UBC environ-
ment, and summarizes formally-decided
cases.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Contact the Equity Office.   See also
Policy #2:  Sexual Harassment.
DEFINITIONS:
An administrative head of unit is a
Director of a service unit, a Head of an
academic department, a Director of a
centre, institute or school, a Principal
of a college, a Dean, an Associate Vice
President, the University Librarian, the
Registrar, a Vice President or the President.
Complaint under these procedures
means complaints respecting: harassment; or discrimination on the basis of
age (this is not meant to affect the University's policy on mandatory retirement),
"race", colour, ancestry, place of origin,
religion, marital status, family status,
physical disability, mental disability, sex,
or sexual orientation; or retaliation for
consulting with a human rights advisor
or for participating in proceedings under
this policy; or breach of an undertaking
as to future conduct. A complaint may be
made by any student or member of staff
or faculty in respect of a member of
faculty and staff or a student in the
course of his/her university work/studies/participation in campus life. The
presentation, examination, or discussion
of ideas, theories, facts, interpretations
and the like arising in an academic context that may result in disagreement or
discomfort for some individuals is not
grounds for a complaint of discrimination or harassment under this policy.
Contractors include vendors of good
and services to the University, volunteers, homestay families, persons in the
community guiding practicum and internship placements, and others with
similar connections to UBC,
Discrimination is a distinction, whether
intentional or not. for which there is not
a bona fide and reasonable justification,
based on age (this is not meant to affect
the University's policy on mandatory retirement), "race", colour, ancestry, place
of origin, religion, marital status, family
status, physical disability, mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, that imposes burdens, obligations or disadvantages on specific individuals or groups.
Policies or programs that have as their
object the amelioration of conditions of
disadvantage do not violate this policy.
Harassment is unwelcome behavior,
which would be considered by a reasonable person to create an environment
unconducivetowork, study, or participation in campus life at UBC.
Member ofthe university community is
a student, a member of faculty or of staff
or a group composed of any ofthe above.
Respondent is a student, a member of
faculty or staff, or a group composed of
anv of the above against whom a complaint is lodged.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON SNOW - Initial Draft
RESPONSIBLE VICE PRESIDENT:
Vice President Administration & Finance
PURPOSE:
To delineate responsibility for decisions concerning cancelling classes and
curtailing services in the event of snow
and to outline guidelines for communication and staffing over heavy snowfall
days.
POLICY:
The University will remain open during snow storms but may cancel classes
on a university-wide basis and/or curtail non-essential services in response
to the conditions.
PROCEDURE SUMMARY:
The University remains open during
extreme snow conditions, since there
is continuing activity to service which
requires some employees to work. Examples of this activity are the food
service needed for students in residence, the functioning of the central
heating plant and maintenance of security.
Certain extreme weather conditions
may dictate the cancellation of classes
(both credit and non-credit) on a university-wide basis and the curtailment
of non-essential services.
In this situation, the decision will be
made by the President or his/her delegate. The decision will be communicated within the university community
by telephone/facsimile by the Vice
Presidents, Deans, Heads and Directors. The decision will be communicated to local radio and television stations by Community Relations. All
communication with the media will be
from the Office ofthe President or Community Relations.
DETAILED PROCEDURES:
In the event of deteriorating conditions overnight, every effort will be made
to communicate the decision to the
radio and television stations by 6:00
Heads of administrative units are to
formulate their own guidelines about
which individual members of faculty
and staff must report for work when
classes are cancelled and/or services
curtailed because of snow.
These individuals are expected to
come to work because of the essential
nature of their responsibilities. Members of faculty and staff who have not
been designated by their administrative head of unit as essential for snow
services may choose to stay at home
under this circumstance, and may arrange with their administrative head of
unit to make up the time (if scheduling
permits), take a vacation day or to take
the day off without pay.
In the event of deteriorating conditions during a person's normal workday, the administrative head of unit
has the authority to permit members of
faculty and staff who are not designated as essential for snow services to
leave early without loss of pay, upon
receiving the communication originating in the President's Office.
A member of staff who is expected at
work but unable to come because of
snow is expected to advise the administrative head of unit as soon as possible.    Also, a member of staff may be
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
April 7, 1994
Dear Colleagues:
Suggestions for the initial draft of a "Snow' policy for UBC were provided
by a small working group:
Alvia Branch, Registrar's Office
Anton Dolfo-Smith, Commerce
Paula Martin, Community Relations
David Miller, Parking and Security Services
Don Mosedale, Continuing Studies
Libby Nason, President's Office (Chair)
Margaret Ostrom, Human Resources
Chuck Rooney, Plant Operations
Please provide any suggestions you may have to Libby Nason, Vice
Provost.
Yours sincerely,
David W. Strangway
President
delayed in getting to work because of
snow.
In both cases, with the agreement of
the administrative head of unit,  the
member of staff may receive compensation for the day by using vacation
time or accumulated time owing, or
may make arrangements to make up
the time. UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994 9
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON COMMUNICATIONS - Initial Draft
RESPONSIBLE VICE PRESIDENT:
Vice President External Affairs
PREAMBLE:
The University is a forum for critical
discussion, debate and unbiased inquiry.
UBC is responsible for advancing and
disseminating knowledge. Effective relations with the community, particularly
through dialogue, are an important element in this process.
PURPOSE:
• to acknowledge formally UBC's responsibility to inform its internal community (students and members of faculty
and staff) as well as the external community (local, provincial, national and international);
• to ensure UBC's openness to information and opinions from students, members of faculty and staff and the external
community and to foster meaningful exchanges of ideas and knowledge.
POLICY:
The goal is to promote the exchange of
information to support and enhance
UBC's mission of being a world-renowned
institution of teaching and research. To
this end, UBC disseminates information
about its teaching and research activities, as well as other matters of interest to
its communities, in the most effective,
cost-efficient and timely manner possible. UBC welcomes ideas and input, striving for openness in its exchanges with
individuals and groups, both internally
and externally, while respecting legislated bounds of privacy, proprietary rights
on intellectual property, safety and security, and encouraging a diversity of views.
PROCEDURE SUMMARY:
A formal communications strategy is
under development in order to enhance
the quality of communication between
UBC and its various constituencies. Elements for consideration in such a system will include:
• definition of the communities UBC
relates to;
• analysis of the information needs of
each community;
• a strategy for disseminating information and for receiving feedback, both
internally and externally;
• a plan for promoting an understanding of teaching activities, research
accomplishments and other matters
such as administrative policies so
that UBC can accomplish its mission
and be seen as accomplishing its
mission;
• a plan for receiving input and
disseminating information during
crises or over difficult issues;
• coordination of institutional
messages, thereby enhancing understanding and support amongst the
many publics of UBC;
• analysis of the various methods of
communication and their
effectiveness in particular situations;
• a schedule of activities planned to
support the strategy over one and
three year periods;
• a means of consulting to gain support
amongst the communities about the
strategy itself;
• a means of updating the strategy, in
consultation with the appropriate
communities.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
April 7, 1994
Dear Colleagues:
Printed here for your review is the initial draft of a Communications
Policy, which will provide the policy framework for a communications
strategy which is under development for UBC.
The initial draft was prepared with the assistance of a small working
group:
Bob Carveth, Director of Science Communication, Faculty of
Science
Steve Crombie, Manager, Media Relations & Publications,
Community Relations
Gerry Gorn, Chair, Marketing Division, Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration
Libby Nason, Vice Provost, (Chair)
John McNeill, Dean, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and
Chair of the Deans' Subcommittee on Communications
Deborah Sweeney, Manager, Donor Relations and
Communications, Development Office
Please send any sug
Provost.
*estions for improvement to Libby Nason. Vice
Yours sincerely.
o> p
0 QV;
David W. Strangway
President
M
I
DETAILED PROCEDURES:
The communications strategy will be
prepared over Spring/Summer 1994 and
readied for the information of the Board
of Governors at its September meeting.
DEFINITIONS:
None
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS - Initial Draft
RESPONSD3LE VICE PRESIDENT:
Vice President Student
& Academic Services
PURPOSE:
To enable students and members of
faculty and staff to observe the holy days
of their religions.
POLICY:
In constructing the academic calendar. UBC takes into account legal statutory holidays, days "in lieu" where appropriate, and days which it has agreed
through collective bargaining to grant
statutory holidays to members of faculty and staff, in determining days on
which the University is closed or classes
cancelled.
Recognizing the religious diversity
of the UBC community, UBC permits
students who are scheduled to attend
classes or write examinations on holy
days of their religions to notify their
instructors in advance of the holy day
of their wish to observe it by absenting
themselves from class or examination.
Instructors provide opportunity for
such students to make up work or
examinations missed without penalty.
UBC permits members of faculty and
staff who are scheduled to work on holy
days of their religions to notify their
administrative  heads  of unit  in  ad
vance of the holy days of their religion
of their wish to observe it by absenting
themselves from work. Administrative
heads of unit make efforts to accommodate such requests.
PROCEDURE SUMMARY:
Students are required to give two weeks'
notice of their intention to absent themselves under the terms of this policy.
Administrative heads of unit, in trying to accommodate a request take into
consideration financial costs, disruption of any collective agreement, work
interruption, employee morale and,
where safety is an issue, the magnitude of the risk and the identity of
those who bear it. Normally, such
requests are met by granting a day off
without pay, or a vacation day, or the
opportunity to make up the time.
Because the difficulties in re-scheduling work vary by unit, each unit will
establish a reasonable requirement for
advance notice by members of faculty
and staff.
DETAILED PROCEDURES:
The Registrar's Office will distribute
a multi-faith calendar to each administrative head of unit annually.
DEFINITIONS:
None
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
April 7, 1994
Dear Colleagues:
In recognition of the diversity of the UBC community and with
advice from the Registrar, an initial draft of a policy on religious
holidays has been published here for your review.
Please note that while the University closes only for specific
statutory holidays (as listed in the Calendar), this draft policy would
permit individual students and members of faculty and staff to
absent themselves from classes/examinations/work to observe
holy days of their religions.
Please forward your comments to Libby Nason, Vice Provost.
Yours sincerely.
•n
David W. Strangway
President 10 UBC Reports • April 7, 1994
Library changes on track
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Redevelopment of the circulation system remains a major
focus of activity as the University Library progresses through
its five-year technology plan.
The Library made progress
on all objectives of its technology
plan," University Librarian Ruth
Patrick stated in the 1992-93
report to Senate. 'This included
the redevelopment of the circulation system, and an upgrading
of UBCLIB, the online public
access catalogue."
The goals and plans outlined
in the report by Patrick, and
presented at the March 16 meeting of Senate, state that improvements in services for 1993-94
will include the continued development ofthe electronic library.
"The Library will continue to
integrate electronic services into
all parts of its information services," wrote Patrick.
A new version of UBCLIB was
introduced in January 1993,
with improved search options
and a merged catalogue inquiry
file. Three months later, UBCLIB
was modified to allow direct access to a number of online commercial services and library catalogues.
These changes enable UBC to
share databases with other academic libraries, such as Simon
Fraser University and the University of Victoria, and are the
first step toward expanded resource sharing.
In September 1993, access
from UBCLIB to ViewUBC, a
campus-wide information service, was introduced. It allows
UBC students and faculty to gain
access to Internet from terminals in the Library or from their
home or office computers, without specialized equipment or
software.
The Library will continue to
focus on users to ensure that
information services and library access are consistent
with user needs. This includes
maintaining a balance between
traditional collections and
services, and the electronic library, said Heather Keate, assistant university librarian for
public services.
The two are essential in a
university setting because the
information resources required
to support teaching and research
are being produced in a variety
of formats," Keate said.
Other service goals for 1993-
94 include the implementation
of a document delivery and retrieval service to the UBC community on a cost-recovery basis;
reduced cost and increased effi-
UBC Library facts
and figures from the
1992/93 annual
report:
Number of reference questions fielded daily by Library
staff:  1,290.
Total number of questions
fielded by Library staff:
179,112.
Number of items on loan from
the Library system per day:
6.000.
Main Library general circulation:  724,308.
Interlibrary loans to other
libraries: 32,915.
Collections operating expenditures:  $6,735,336.
ciency in the delivery of materi- I of strategies for involving Library
als not available in the Library's users in planning for new serv-
collections; and the development I ices.
Searching for Our Oldest
Ancestors  ALe^rewilh
Dr. Donald Johanson
WJthor of
■sfe-,*
Sunday, April 17th,'
The Beginnings
of Humankind
SJftpm, the#rpheum "Theatre,
50% UBC discbiftfts^^^lookstore;
other tickets from Community Box Office, 280-2801,
or at Mail Boxes, Etc. outlets.
Presented hy The Institute for Science, Engineering and Puhlic Policy.
Co-sponsored by KCTS/9,15C Tel, and an educational consortium
comprised of:: University of British Columbia. Simon Fraser University,
British Columbia Institute of Technology, and Science World.
With special thanks to the Hotel Vancouver
...the best organized
International Congress
they had ever attended/
John R. Ledsome. MD- International Congress of Physiological Sciences
* ..You provided meeting rooms for almost 4,000 people
and accommodation for over 2,000 for two weeks and did it
in a friendly and efficient manner.*•
Dr. Gordon A. McBean - International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
* ..You performed beyond the call of duty and were able
to foresee potential problems before they happened. 99
Dr. Daniel F. Gardiner- UBC Program for Executive Development
*...a mark of excellence to supply the needs of a
conference and receive no complaints!**
Mary Lou Bishoff- Anglican Renewal Ministries Conference
Let us help you plan
the best conference you've ever attended
• Accommodation in highrise towers with spectacular
ocean and mountain views
• Set on 1,000 wooded acres only 15 minutes from
Vancouver city centre
• Flexible meeting areas for groups from 10 to 3,000
• Complete audio-visual services and satellite
communications available
• Catering for events from barbecues to dinner dances
• Comprehensive conference organization and
systems support
Write, phone
or fax for
video and
information
UBC
Conference
Centre
University of British Columbia
5961 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 2C9
Telephone (604) 822-1060
Fax (604) 822-1069
CANADA'S LARGEST UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE CENTRE
Classified
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
(made out to UBC Reports) or internal requisition.
Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the April 21.   1994
issue of UBC Reports is noon, April 12.
Services |
STATISTICAL CONSULTING PhD
thesis, MSc, MA research project?
I cannot do itforyou but statistical
data analysis, statistical
consulting, and data
management are my specialties.
Several years experience in
statistical analysis of research
projects. Extensive experience
with SPSS/SAS/Fortran on PCs and
mainframes. Reasonable rates.
' Call Henry at 685-2500.
SINGLES NETWORK Single science
professionals and others
interested in science or natural
history are meeting through a
nationwide network. Contact us
for info: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, Ontario,
N0A 1N0; e-mail 71554.2160®
compuserve.com; 1-800-667-
5179.
Housing Needed
RESPONSIBLE       HOUSESITTER
available for long-term position
May 1, '94, Plants and pets OK.
Excellent references. Call Terry
at 731-9420.
URGENTLY NEEDED place to live.
Professional couple with young
daughter requires place to live
from May-Aug. while their home
is being renovated. Would be
pleased to house sit. Responsible
& conscientious. Please call Ed
at 669-5151 ext. 32 (office).
Accommodation
WEST SIDE IMPORT CAR SERVICE
Repairs-Aircare-Fuel Injection-
Performance Tuning. Quality
import service by German
Journeyman Mechanic
provided at a reasonable rate.
Complimentary vehicle pick-up
and delivery on request. For
private appointment call Klaus
at 222-3488.
POINT   GREY   GUEST   HOUSE
Elegant accommodation for
discerning guests. 5 minute drive
from UBC. Close to shops, sports
facilities and restaurants. Includes
TV, tea/coffee making. Single
$35, Double $50. Weekly and
monthly rates available.
Vancouver, B.C. (604) 222-3461.
UNFURNISHED HOUSE for rent,
North Vancouver, May 1 - Oct.
31 (dates flexible). 2 bdrms, family
rm, large kitchen & living rm.
Sunny, fenced yard, quiet street,
view of city, close to bus. $850/
mo. incl. util. For information call
987-1654,254-4515.
INCOME TAX RETURNS prepared
for as low as $30. Electronic filing
now available, refunds as quickly
as 10 working days. Pick up and
delivery from UBC, professionally
prepared. Phone Len at 241-
0025.
LONDON, ENGLAND Furnished
two-bedroom apartment for
rent. Available immediately.
Central location, reasonable
rent. 255-6601.
Miscellaneous
WILLS AND  ESTATE  PLANNING
Seminar. Is your will up to date?
Have you arranged to reduce
your estate taxes? Special guest
speaker: Mr. James D. Burns, BA,
LLB. Monday, April 11,7:30 pm, at
West Point Grey Community
Centre, 4397 W. 2nd Ave,, phone
224-1910 to register. Your host:
Edwin Jackson, Estate Planning,
Retirement Income, Life
Insurance, 224-3540.
OPEN HOUSE at Dorset Learning
Institute, City Square (12th &
Cambie), 1 -4pm, Saturday, April
9, Pre-register for free
intermediate/advanced ESL
demo lessons. Learn about April
and May evening courses. RSVP
879-8686.
BOWEN ISLAND Spacious 4
bedrm house, water view, 5
minutes to beach, 1 hour from
UBC, furnished, 5 appliances,
large deck, available Sept, or
late Aug. through June '95. No
smokers, no pets. $950/month.
(403) 439-0023.
HOUSE FOR RENT 2153 W. 47th
Ave, Vancouver. Large, clean, 3
bedrooms, 2 1/2 bathrooms, rec.
room. 2 fireplaces, 5 appliances,
Available May 1. Call Sussex
Realty Mon. - Fri., 263-8800 (9am
- 5pm).
VICTORIA APT. for rent. 2 bdrm
apt. in Fernwood. Top floor of
triplex with washer and dryer in
suite. 20mins by busto UVIC, walk
to downtown. Furnished incl.
linens, china, ckware, etc. Avail.
May 15 - Aug. 31, will rent all or
part of this period. $850/mo. incl.
util. Call 384-7473 Vic, or 687-
4008 Van. after May 5. UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994 11
Making Music
Abe Hefter photo
The UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble, conducted by Martin Berinbaum,
performed at the Old Auditorium March 25. Selections included Fanfare for
the Common Man, Music from Miss Saigon and Root Beer Rag.
Composer scores a hit
with Ice Capades ballet
by Abe Hefter
w
Staff writer
Michael Conway Baker, who wrote the
score for the first full-length ice ballet, is
about  to  dazzle  audiences in Japan and Europe.
Baker, a sessional instructor in the School of
Music, wrote the score
for the Ice Capades show
Cinderella: Frozen in
Time, which wraps up a
hugely successful North
American run next
month before heading
overseas.
Critics have called
Cinderella: Frozen in
Time an enchanting
blend of beautiful skating and a timeless story
in the framework of a classical ballet.
For the Ice Capades, it's a far cry from
the Smurfs, a traditional staple in past
years.
Baker, a Genie, Gemini and Juno
award-winning composer whose long list
of achievements includes dozens of acclaimed music scores for film and television, began his association with Ice
Capades two years ago, just as Olympic
figure-skater Dorothy Hamill was about
to begin negotiations to purchase the ice
skating troupe.
"Dorothy and her choreographer, Tim
Murphy, began a search for a classical
composer who could create romantic
music for an ice ballet," Baker said. "I
sent them a demonstration tape and the
next thing I knew, they were on an airplane
from Los Angeles to Vancouver."
With Baker's electric piano and Hamill's
blades, the three took their positions at
the Arbutus Club skating rink, where
X'
Baker
Hamill skated to an improvised Baker
score.
"It went very well.    However, at the
time, we envisioned perhaps a one-hour
television special. We had no idea that we
would end up with a full-
length, two-hour ballet on
ice."
After Hamill purchased the Ice Capades
in March of 1993, that's
exactly the route they
took. In the end. Baker
had less than three
months to write the music to a script that was
constantly changing as
characters were added
and others deleted.
"It got very hairy,"
Baker reflected. "I was a
basket case."
However, by August of
last year, Baker had made his way to
Abbey Road studios in London, England,
where the composition was recorded by
the world famous Sinfonia of London
Orchestra.
Three hundred shows and 750,000
spectators later, Cinderella: Frozen in
Time has exceeded Baker's wildest expectations.
"Despite the commercial aspect of this
venture, I am thrilled that we've been able
to reach so many people with this music,
people who might not normally be interested in symphonic music," he said.
'The Ice Capades is still very much a
family show. However, this program has
also appealed to those who appreciate
ballet and the symphony. It's been very
gratifying."
In case you missed the Vancouver stop
of the show, you can catch it on television. The ice ballet has been filmed for an
upcoming one-hour special for ABC.
SUB opens space for studying
Students hitting the books this month
will find additional space on campus for
their studies.
Food Services has agreed to make cafeteria space in the Student Union Building available for students, after hours, on
a trial basis through the month of April.
The university's operating budget will
cover the costs associated with the project.
If the trial is successful, the university
may look at continuing the arrangement
during the winter term on a session-by-
session basis, said Byron Hender, executive co-ordinator, Office of the Vice-president, Student and Academic Services.
"We might expand services next year
to include photocopiers and computer
access to make the SUB study area more
convenient," Hender said.
On-site supervision will be provided
by Food Services staff.
"The Library supports additional
study space on the campus," said
Heather Keate, assistant university librarian for public services. "This type
of additional informal work space is
particularly welcome."
Study space at SUB will be available
Mondaythrough Thursday, 4p.m.-11 p.m..
and Saturday and Sunday, noon-6 p.m.
People
by staff writers
Education Prof. Emerita Verna Kirkness and Prof. Paul Lin ofthe Institute
of Asian Research have been appointed to UBC's Senate by the provincial
government.
Kirkness recently retired as director ofthe First Nations House of Learning. Before that, she headed the Ts"kel graduate program and the Native
Indian Teacher Education Program in the Faculty of Education.
Kirkness has dedicated her career as a teacher, administrator and
government advisor to issues surrounding aboriginal education.
Lin is an honorary' professor who heads the China Program for Research
and Dialogue at UBC's Institute of Asian Research. He also serves as an
honorary professor at the Institute of World History. Chinese Academy of
Social Sciences, Beijing.
Lin taught at McGill University for 18 years and was director of its Centre
for East Asian Studies. The former rector ofthe University of East Asia in
Macau, Lin has devoted much of his life to promoting open communications
and relations between China and the West.
Johan de Rooy, a lecturer in the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, has been appointed president ofthe   	
B.C. and Yukon Division of the Canadian Cancer
Society for a two-year term.
A UBC graduate (BEd '76), de Rooy has been
teaching at the university since 1984. He also lectures
at the Institute of Chartered Accountants of B.C.. the
Certified General Accountants Association of B.C. and
the Certified Management Accountants Association of
B.C.
In addition to his duties as president, de Rooy
chairs the division's Interagency Committee, the liaison
group for the B.C. Cancer Agency, the B.C. Cancer
Foundation and the Canadian Cancer Society.
de Rooy
Lynn Smith, dean of UBC's Faculty of Law, has been appointed by the
Vancouver YWCA to assist with the major gift phase of its $27-million
capital campaign.
She joins a team aiming to raise $6 million for Touching Lives. Building
Futures, which will fund programs and services for women and children in
the Lower Mainland.
Smith, a widely respected judicial educator, has made major contributions
to women's equality in the legal system and in the university community.
Sheila Egoff, professor emerita of Library, Archival and Information Studies,
has been named to the Order of Canada.
A graduate ofthe University of Toronto and University College.
London. Egoff joined UBC in 1962. In 1967 she published The Republic of
Childhood, the first full-length study of children's literature in English.
Since then she has added four book titles to her credit. Her most recent
publication is a catalogue of Canadian children's books.
Paul Watkinson. professor and head of the Dept. of
Chemical Engineering, is the winner of the Jules
Stachiewicz Medal for 1994.
The award is given jointly by the Canadian Society for
Chemical Engineering and the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering to recognize contributions in the
field of heat transfer, including design, research, manufacturing and teaching.
Watkinson will receive the award at the 44th annual
Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference in Calgary
Oct. 2-5.
Watkinson
Richard Kerekes, director of UBC's Pulp and Paper Centre, has been
appointed by the Canadian Pulp and Paper Association to the joint
committee of the Journal of Pulp and Paper Science (JPPS).
The committee will oversee the transformation of the JPPS, a bi-monthly
Canadian publication devoted to the science of pulp and paper, into a
monthly Canada-U.S. journal, and will subsequently oversee the operation of
the publication.
On assuming his new duties, Kerekes relinquishes his role as associate
scientific editor, a position he has held since 1985.
t:
'he Colorado School of Mines has announced it will
present UBC's Keith Brimacombe with an honorary
Doctorate of Engineering.
A professor in the Dept. of Metals and Materials
Engineering, Brimacombe is also director of the Centre
for Metallurgical Process Engineering and holds the
Alcan Chair in Materials Process Engineering.
In 1993 he was president ofthe Minerals, Metals
and Materials Society, which has 13,000 international
members, and in 1995 he will be president of the Iron
and Steel Society.
Brimacombe will receive the honorary degree at the
school's commencement ceremonies. May 6.
Brimacombe 12 UBC Reports ■ April 7, 1994
Going the distance
Whether running a marathon or UBC's Computer Science Department,
Maria Klawe sets a quick pace
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
You have to have energy, stamina
and determination to run a marathon.
Maria Klawe has them in spades,
and they serve her well whether she's
crossing the finish line, writing intricate mathematical equations, raising
two children, or pursuing her interests
in art.
Klawe, who recently accepted a
second term as head of UBC's Dept. of
Computer Science, runs 80 to 112
kilometres a week when she is training
for a marathon.
As well as the exhilaration and sense
of accomplishment long-distance
mniiing brings her, she finds it teaches
her lessons she can take to the office.
"It helps me when I'm facing a tough
situation at work. I know I'll just have
to stick it out, grit my teeth and get to
the other side," she says.
Such determination has paid off
since she arrived at UBC to take the
head's job in 1988. Klawe has transformed the department, infusing it with
her enthusiasm and energy.
Growing up in Edmonton, Klawe had
an instant affinity for mathematics
and physics. It was as if she already
knew the concepts even before the teachers explained them.
Despite her gifts in science, Klawe
seriously considered art as a career,
taking fine arts courses right up to the
university level.
She still paints, and in many styles:
water colours, landscapes, portraits,
abstracts.
"I don't think of it as a hobby," she
says emphatically.
Examples of her work hang in the
Computer Science head's office. A
mural of cartoon and fantasy figures
graces one wall of a computer science
lab. And other Klawe murals can be
found in universities from Edmonton to
Yale.
Despite her love of art. after a couple
years at the University of Alberta she
knew that mathematics was her
destiny.
"It has such a wonderful structure, a
great beauty, and it's creative," she
says. "Math has a language that only
other mathematicians can understand.
I always knew I could never marry
someone who was not a mathematician."
Like many of her generation — it
was 1971 — Klawe dropped out of
university in third year to explore
alternative lifestyles. She did leather
work and travelled around the world,
but her passion for mathematics would
not die.
"I found myself surreptitiously
buying math books," she said. "I
discovered that I wanted to do math
more than anything and I didn't want
to live my life without it."
Klawe returned to university and
went on to complete her PhD. That
landed her a tenure track job with a
small university in Rochester, Michigan, but she felt stifled by the subur
ban Midwest and started looking for a
way out.
By chance, she heard that there was
great demand for computer science
PhDs. She applied to the University of
Toronto for a second doctorate.
"I knew nothing about computer
science," she admits. "When I arrived, I
had never written a program or even
read a book about computers."
Klawe ravenously devoured everything she could find on the subject
and quickly completed all of her
graduate course requirements.
Before she completed her degree,
she was receiving job offers. When U of
T found this out, they quickly made her
an assistant professor in what was
then one of North America's top 10
computer science departments.
Another turning point in her life occurred shortly after, when she met
American Nick Pippenger, a brilliant computer theorist and IBM researcher. Within six weeks they had decided to marry.
Together, they took jobs at IBM's
Almaden Research Centre in San Jose,
California, the heart of the Silicon
Valley.
It was the early 1980s, and Big Blue
was still riding high, the undisputed
John Chong photo
Maria Klawe
"Math has a language that only other
mathematicians can understand."
leader of the computer world. Five
years after her arrival at IBM, Klawe
was leading a group of 25 researchers.
"They were wonderful years to be
with IBM," she says.
When it came time to look for new
challenges, Klawe and Pippenger had
many prestigious offers to consider.
UBC was in the running, but could not
match the others for prestige or money.
Klawe, however, longed to return to
Canada.
Unable to decide, they considered
where they could have the most
impact, and UBC topped the list. Still,
it took a last-ditch telephone call from
Academic Vice-president Dan Birch to
convince them to come.
The arrival of two such high-profile
researchers was hailed as the hiring
coup of the decade for Canadian
computer science. The local media saw
it as a sign that UBC was on the road
to recovery after the lean early 1980s.
Fortunately for Klawe, she has lived
up to her advanced billing.
In her first five years as head,  the
department has rapidly expanded: lab
facilities have increased, 17 new faculty members have been hired, twice as
many undergraduate and graduate students have enrolled and more than twice
as much research funding has come in.
"It's a totally different place, it's
humming all the time," Klawe said.
"And there's incredible interaction with
industry, the community, and other
universities."
Klawe believes the department's
future lies in working with other
departments — at other universities
and within UBC — rather than by
competing with them.
Her collaborative philosophy extends
to the way she runs the department.
Klawe favours management by consensus, with everyone from faculty to
undergraduates and support staff
having a say in the decision-making
process.
"IBM was really hierarchical, and I
hated that," she said. "It's the wrong
way to run a group of talented researchers.
"When I came here, while I wanted
to turn the department structure
upside down, I didn't want to make it
the Maria show or Maria's department.
I want people to feel that it's their
department.
"If they have an idea, and if they're
willing to put their personal energy into
it, they can make it happen," Klawe
said.
Despite her many responsibilities and
interests, Klawe still finds time to be
involved in research. She has organized a collaborative research project
called E-GEMS that looks at the potential
of electronic games to help children learn
math and science.
The E-GEMS team includes researchers in computer science and
education, as well as teachers and
professional game designers.
As she points out, it combines many
of her life's passions — computer
science, math, art, education and
children — in a single project.

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