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UBC Reports Jul 31, 1964

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 RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED
THE INFORMATION OFFICE
UNIVERSITY OF B.C.
VANCOUVER      8,      B.C.
REPORTS
illllllllllllllllE
MEDICAL
HISTORY
IS MADE
Canadian medical history was
made July 6 with the announcement by the federal government
of a $4 million grant towards construction of the $18 million Health
Sciences Center at UBC. The grant
is four times the normal federal
contribution to hospital construction.
Dean John F. McCreary said
working drawings for the center
would be completed within two
years, and construction would take
three  years.
The Hon. Judy V. LaMarsh, minister of national health and welfare, said in the House of Commons that the UBC center was "a
special pilot project, outside and
apart from our health grants program."
She continued: "The development
of such a center at the University
of British Columbia has been under study for a number of years.
It will establish a new concept in
the training of the health professions and has been strongly endorsed by medical health educators.
'The amount authorized by the
government which is conditional
upon at least an equal amount being provided by the provincial
government, will be available in
instalments as planning and construction progress. It is expected
that up to two years' planning will
be required before construction
can begin.
"The new center will be primarily
a teaching institution, but will also
provide a 410-bed hospital with extensive research facilities. It is also
to be used for the referral of
patients needing the special services and facilities contained in
such a unit
"In authorizing this provisional
grant the government is aware of
the importance of the teaching pattern developed at this university
in providing common instruction
facilities for all health provisions,
doctors, dentists, pharmacists,
physiotherapists, occupational
therapists, social workers and psychologists.
"This team approach to medicine
is considered a major advance in
medical education and should have
an important impact on the quality
of health care, particularly in the
face of future developments regarding the provision of health
services. The improvement in the
method of teaching should also encourage the entry of more young
people into the health professions.
"This pioneer project may well
establish an important pattern for
future development and the government, for this reason, considers
that  a  special   grant for  this  im-
Mr. Basil F. Stuart-Stubbs,
4243 W. 14th Ave., BA 52
Vancouver 8, B. C.
DR. JOHN F. McCREARY, dean of medicine at UBC, is shown with a model
of the proposed $18 million Health Sciences Center, which received a history-
making grant of $4 million from the federal government in July. Working
drawing for the center will take two years to complete and construction will
take a further three years. Balance of funds for construction of the center
will come from the provincial government private sources and foundations.
Photo by B. C. Jennings.
portant purpose is fully warranted."
The normal $2,000-a-bed federal
grant to general hospitals would
have given UBC less than $1 million. Instead UBC will get $4 million, or four times the normal
grant.
UBC's dean of medicine, Dr.
John F. McCreary, said that for
the first time the federal government had recognized the much
higher cost of teaching and research hospital construction compared to general hospital construction.
An immediate approach will be
made to the provincial government
for a grant Dean McCreary added.
B.C.'s health minister, the Hon.
Eric Martin, said the provincial
government will have to decide a
new cost-sharing formula before
making a grant for the teaching
hospital.
The provincial government's present cost-sharing formula for general treatment hospitals is 50 per
cent of bed construction costs, and
one-third of furnishing and equipment costs.
Because the new hospital will be
for both teaching and research, it
falls outside the scope of the general hospital formula, Mr. Martin
said.
UBC has already received a number of gifts from private sources
and foundations to aid in the planning and construction of the center.
The largest of these is a $3.5
million grant from Mr. P. A. Woodward of Vancouver. With interest
the grant will increase to $4 million.
Other large grants have come
from the Nuffield Foundation —
$150,000; the John and Mary Markle
Foundation — $40,000 and the
Kresge Foundation — $20,000.
alumni
back drive
Premier Bennett's announcement
of a joint campaign for university
building funds has been warmly
welcomed by the president of the
UBC Alumni Association, David M.
Brousson.
Commenting on the premier's announcement he said, "The Alumni
board of management has already
gone on record as favouring one
unified appeal in B.C. for the capital funds for the three public universities. We earnestly hope that
all alumni, the general public, and
the business community will respond   to  this   campaign."
UBC alumni responded well to
the 1958 Capital Gifts Campaign,
which realized over $10 million to
the Development Fund, and played
a major role in raising, this money.
Since the release of the Macdonald
Report the Alumni Association
has urged that all facets of higher
education be developed according
to a master plan, and the projected
campaign will be a major factor in
accomplishing this objective.
1
U.B.C.  REPORTS
VOLUME   10 —  No. 4
JULY - AUGUST, 1964
$40.7 million
pledged for
buildings
The B.C. government will provide a total of $40.7 million over
the next five years for buildings
at the three public universities,
Premier W. A. C. Bennett has announced.
The Premier, speaking at the inaugural meeting of the convocation of Simon Fraser University
on June 16, also announced that
the three universities — UBC, Simon Fraser and Victoria — would
undertake to launch a joint campaign to seek public contributions
for buildings totalling $28 million.
Active solicitation for the joint
campaign will take place for one
year, with pledges payable over
five years.
Premier Bennett told the convocation meeting: "The government
has made known to the universities that they will receive over
the next five years $40.7 million
for  capital   purposes."
He added: 'This is not subject
to matching money. We will give
this money whether there is a
matching   amount  or   not"
The government's commitments,
though not specified at the Simon
Fraser convocation meeting, are
as follows: UBC, $18 million; Simon
Fraser, $18 million; University of
Victoria, $4.7 million.
Referring to the joint capital
fund drive to be conducted by the
three universities, the Premier
said the $28 million, or any proportion thereof raised, would be
divided as follows: UBC, 42 per
cent; Simon Fraser, 42 per cent;
University of Victoria, 16 per cent.
If the $28 million is raised, it
would provide UBC and Simon
Fraser with $11,760,000 each, and
Victoria with $4,480,000.
The government grants, plus a
successful fund drive, would guarantee UBC a total of $29,760,000
for capital construction for the
next five years — a period in
which UBC's requirements have
been set at $30 million.
Premier Bennett specified that
the first $4 million received in
cash from the fund drive would
go to Simon Fraser University. He
made it entirely clear, however,
that an adjustment would be made
in the latter years of the five-year
pledge period to provide that the
$4 million would be part of Simon
Fraser's 42 per cent share.
Private donors, the Premier said,
would be free to earmark contributions to specific institutions.
Final details of the campaign are
being worked out.
President John B. Macdonald
said the statements concerning the
joint campaign made by the Premier were essentially those agreed
on previously by the three universities.
(For a picture of UBC's building
program, past and future, turn to
page three). PRESIDENT
REVIEWS HIS
FIRST YEAR
l What follow are excerpts from the main essay in
the report of President John B. Macdonald to the Board
of Governors and the Senate of UBC for the year
1962-631.
Two developments were of particular educational importance in 1962-63. The first was that
the University of British Columbia and the Province of British Columbia came to grips with the
problem of growth. In 1961-1962 the total enrolment in British Columbia beyond Grade 12 was
less than 17,000 students. Every prediction indicated that the number would increase to 35-40,000
by 1970. What is happening in British Columbia
is happening all over Canada and, indeed, all
over the Western world. Soaring birth rates following World War II and the "revolution of rising expectations" are placing on the universities
and colleges of today and the future demands of
unprecedented magnitude.
When I arrived at the University of British
Columbia in July 1962, the most urgent task,
clearly, was to provide a comprehensive plan for
the development of higher education in the province. With the approval of the Board of Governors and the Senate of the University, and
with the help of a small group of able associates,
I began immediately the preparation of a report
on HIGHER EDUCATION IN BRITISH COLUMBIA AND A PLAN FOR THE FUTURE. Completed by Christmas and published in January,
it established a platform for vigorous discussion
concerning higher education that continued
throughout the province for the rest of the winter
and the spring. The document was adopted by
the Board of .Governors and the Senate as the
official statement of the University of British
Columbia in respect to the future of higher
education in British Columbia; it was endorsed
by the Council of Victoria College and by a
number of other groups representing educational
interests or municipalities. The Government
acted with commendable despatch by passing
legislation in the spring of 1963 to implement
most of the recommendations.
Because the report is available to the public
its contents need not be reviewed in detail here.
Its principal recommendations, however, are of
such importance to the future of the University
of British Columbia that they must be summarized  briefly.
The recommendations are built upon two prerequisites, each fundamental to the attainment of
excellence in the higher education of this province: (1) there must be diversification of opportunity in the kinds of educational experience
available and in the places where it can be
obtained; (2) institutions must be independent in
the determination of objectives, of requirements
for admission, of standards, of selection of staff,
of curricula, of administrative structure, and of
all the other policies that contribute to the operation of a college or university. These prerequisites, which are discussed at length, comprise
the basic philosophy of the report.
The resulting proposals envisage two kinds
of institution: (1) universities and four-year colleges offering programmes leading to degrees for
students with the necessary ability; (2) two-year
colleges offering a variety of programmes beyond
Grade 12. Specifically, the report recommends, in
addition to the comprehensive University of British Columbia, the establishment of two independent four-year colleges (Victoria College and
a new college in the Western Lower Fraser
Valley) to concentrate their efforts upon undergraduate education in Arts and Science and upon
teacher-training, and three two-year colleges, to
be placed in the Okanagan Valley, in the Kootenays, and in metropolitan Vancouver. That
several more two-year regional colleges will be
needed by 1971 was also recognized.
Clearly, the cause of higher education will not
be well served if the several contemplated institutions exhibit widely varying standards and
enter suicidal competition for funds. To guarantee
orderly academic development, while at the same
time protecting independence, the master-plan
recommends the creation of an Academic Board,
which will be representative of the universities
and colleges and advisory to them. To ensure
systematic and equitably conceived and distributed financial support, the report presses for
the appointment of a Grants Commission, the
function of which would be to appraise needs and
advise the Government. This Commission would
study estimates, make a combined submission to
the Minister of Education, and, finally, assume
responsibility for distribution of funds.
' The most controversial and to many the most
alarming aspects of the report dealt with the
estimated costs of higher education for  British
U.B.C.  REPORTS
VOLUME   10 —   No. 4
JULY - AUGUST, 1964
Columbia over the next few years. In 1971-1972
the operating expense will reach, according to
these computations, $85,000,000 for an enrolment
of 37,000 students. The capital outlay demanded,
apart from the University of British Columbia
and Victoria College, was calculated at $14,000,-
000 up to 1971; but the figure is now known to
have been an under-estimate and more recent information indicates that the true needs will be
substantially higher.
After the publication of the report the Provincial Government lost little time in passing
"An Act Respecting Universities" to replace the
former legislation. The new Act provides for
three public Universities: British Columbia, Victoria, Simon Fraser, each one independent; it also
allows for the establishment of regional colleges.
The recommended Academic Board has been accepted but in place of a Grants Commission the
Minister of Education has been empowered to appoint an Advisory Board, which will counsel him
concerning the division of the Government's
grants among the Universities; given able membership and co-operation from universities and
Government, it can serve a useful purpose.
The second important event of the year was
the great debate concerning the financing of the
University of British Columbia. The press and
radio presented this as an argument between
the University and the Government of the province. In fact, however, the discussions were of
more profound significance and at the same time
far less sensational than much of the public comment implied. What was the real significance of
the debate? The CARNEGIE CORPORATION
QUARTERLY made the point when it observed
that the notion that politics and education should
DR. JOHN  B. MACDONALD
not have anything to do with each other is based
on a misunderstanding both of politics and of the
role of education in a democracy and how that
role is determined. Public education is paid for
by public funds.
The decision about how much of the public
purse is to be devoted to education is ultimately
a political decision. Any society, be it county or
country, must decide how much it will spend on
public benefits and how much it will allocate of
the total to each area. How should a society
make these decisions? How much for education?
For hospitals? For welfare? For roads? For industrial developments? For family allowances?
For transportation services? ' For pensions? A
society makes its decision wisely by seeing that
its members are well informed and well educated
about the implications of all the decisions that
must be made. The educational process goes on
in the  public forum.
What must never be lost to view is not that
public money supports public education but rather
that education is one of many vital concerns of
society. Society will make better judgments about
how vital education is when the members of
society understand the nature of education; that
education is indispensable to our economic welfare, that education is a means to a richer life,
that education is inseparably a part of the scientific revolution, that education must supply highly
qualified specialists in hundreds of fields important to all of us, that education is big business
occupying the lives of thousands of the country's
ablest citizens, that education is faced with enormous shortages of qualified teachers and professors, that education requires larger libraries and
increasingly expensive instruments, that education
must compete for trained minds in a condition of
shortage that is world-wide, that good education
cannot be bought cheaply, that education requires
more financial support than we have so far been
willing to advance.
The great debate did much to make these facts
clear to British Columbians. Hundreds of thousands of citizens learned for the first time of the
crisis in higher education. Conferences and seminars were held by countless interested groups
throughout the province. Newspapers, radio, and
television discussed the issues of higher education on a scale never before achieved. The students -of the  University of  British  Columbia  in
their "Back Mac" campaign took their story of
what higher education means to them and what
its needs are to every corner of the province.
Their achievement in obtaining 232,000 signatures
to a statement of the goals and needs of higher
education showed that public awareness had been
brought to new and rarefied heights. This new
awareness is the most spectacular and beneficial
gain of the debate and of the campaign.
The publication of HIGHER EDUCATION IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA and the adoption of its
principal recommendations by the Government
have notable implications for the University of
British Columbia. No longer is this University
responsible for all higher education; no longer
is this University faced by the necessity for unlimited growth. The University has now an opportunity to define more precisely the role that
it should play in the province's educational system.
The University will continue to offer undergraduate education. Indeed, for a few years, until
other institutions are in a position to assist, the
numbers enrolled in undergraduate education
will continue to increase. Nevertheless, a limit
can at least be foreseen. Simultaneously, the
University will need to strengthen and enlarge its
graduate programme; and it will be responsible
for virtually all professional education in British
Columbia. Growth of the Faculty of Graduate
Studies in particular must now be encouraged in
view of the acute paucity of qualified teachers
and professors for schools and universities, and
of specialists for business, industry, and government not only in British Columbia, but throughout Canada and the rest of the Western World.
The National Research Council of Canada has
estimated the needs for full-time instructors for
universities and colleges for the year 1970 at
25,000. That is approximately 15,000 more than
hold appointments at present No Canadian university can boast of a graduate programme that
is large enough in the face of the demands.
The new position of the University in the
provincial educational system raises many questions. What should be the ultimate size of the
undergraduate enrolment? How large should the
Faculty of Graduate Studies become and how fast
should it grow? What will be the demands for
professional education? What programmes belong
here and what can and should be undertaken
more effectively elsewhere? What changes are
wise in the requirements for admission? In what
ways can the quality of education in British Columbia be improved? What will all the innovations mean for the University Library?
These and other questions, the sequel of a
vigorous campaign, cry out for attention. The
University of British Columbia has already begun a second campaign, this time to seek the
answers.
• • *
This essay has so far concentrated upon higher
education in the province, the public debate, and
the academic effects of what has often been referred to as the crisis. But the impact of change
has also been experienced by the members of the
Faculty and has led to adjustments in administrative machinery.
The modern large university, into which category the University of British Columbia falls, is
a complex organism, a far cry from the traditional
"Groves of Academe" and the ivory tower. Many
older members of the Faculty can look back
wistfully to the good old days of the quiet campus, the scholarly retreat, and the measured pace.
Those days are gone. "Bigness" has become a
characteristic of the University and the pace of
life on the campus has quickened. We must ask
ourselves how we may live with bigness. How
can hundreds of members of the Faculty, dozens
of Departments, numerous Schools and Faculties,
all with specialized outlooks, work together most
effectively? How should we best devote our efforts to academic achievement? How are we all
to be cognisant of the worth-while ideas being
generated and how are we to debate them effectively? How shall we develop and maintain
loyalty to an institution in a day when more than
one professor is behaving like an itinerant
preacher, rootless and responding to the Call of
golden opportunity? The obvious initial answer is
that we can accomplish none of these things unless we think they are of the utmost importance.
Happily, most members of the Faculty of the
University of British Columbia, in my short experience, do believe in their importance.
Now it is the task of the administration to
organize the activities of the University in such
a way as to place in the forefront what is truly
important Administration is not an end in itself;
it should have no independent existence; it should
be the servant of the primary goals. I suggest that
the key to good administration is individaul
leadership, at every  level.
Leadership in academic administration is not
to be confused with dictatorship. Leadership implies consent and support. It implies consultation,
persuasion, open-mindedness, and forthrightness.
Dictatorship is synonymous with an authoritarian approach, lack of consent, lack of consultation, and, usually, some form of deviousness,
often intended to give the illusion of democracy.
If the University can respect and use the traditional and legal structure for administration made
available to it by the Act we shall all find ample
room for leadership, for consultation, for widespread discussion, and for that all-important intangible quality — the feeling of belonging.
*______■ THE SHAPE OF THINGS TO COME
President John B. Macdonald
recently outlined to the Friends
of the University the pattern of
building on the campus since the
war, and the requirements to be
met by a new five-year building
program.
Some highlights:
• UBC will require a building
programi to cost $30 million-plus
during the years 1964-68, and has
joined with Simon Fraser University and the University of Victoria in an appeal to the public
for contributions. The program will
add an estimated 1 million square
feet to the present 3 million-plus
square feet of space on the campus.
• The present UBC plant was
built in three stages. Two permanent buildings, both since extended, the Library and the Chemistry building, plus a group of
"semi - permanent" stucco - frame
buildings, were erected in the 1924-
25 period, when UBC moved to
the campus from Fairview. All are
still in vigorous use; the demands
of a constantly growing student
body and faculty will require retention of the 39-year-old semi-permanent buildings, with whatever
modernization is economic, for
many years to come.
• Nearly all the a r my huts
brought to the campus at the end
of the war for emergency use are
still in use, for housing as well
as teaching space, despite extensive postwar building. About 10
per cent of UBC's 3 million square
feet of classroom space is in army
huts, which have many disadvantages and are going into their
third round of 10-year repairs.
• The first round of postwar
building, 1947-52, cost $9.3, provided entirely by building grants
from the provincial government
and increased teaching floor space
to 1.5 million square feet.
• The second round, now being
completed, cost $35 million and
brought floor space to the present
3 million square feet plus. Provincial grants provided for $20 million for this program; federal
grants (mostly Canada Council)
provided for $5 million; corporate
and individual donors provided $10
million plus through the UBC Development Fund. Of more than $11
million pledged to this fund, $10.3
million has been received. The
provincial government has provided for $9 million of $10 million
promised if the public donated as
well; a final $1 million is anticipated in the government's next
budget.
• IN SUMMARY, since the war
UBC teaching space has increased
to SIX times its postwar size to
accommodate FIVE times as many
students (i.e. from 3,000 to 15,000),
in FOUR times as many faculties
and many additional schools. The
capital cost has been $45 million,
and the present minimum replacement value  is $60 million.
UBC now requires another five-
year building program — as noted
above — to  cost $30  million-plus.
It will  provide:
1964-65
• A multi-purpose Commerce-
Arts building, costing $2,538,000,
built in 1964-65, to accommodate
the departments of psychology, an-
CONSTRUCTION WORKER Gordon Valough strides across empty space
at the rear of UBC's library, currently being filled in to provide additional stack space, reading room accommodation, and private reading and
study cubicles. An additional 44,000 square feet of floor space will be
added to the library, and shelf space increased to provide for a total
of 1,000,000 books. Total cost of the project, which includes other interior
improvements to simplify library organization, is $866,500. Architects are
Toby,  Russell  and  Buckwell.   Photo by  Brian  Kent,  Vancouver  Sun.
thropology and sociology, economics and political science, the Institute of Industrial Relations and
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
• An Education building, to cost
$900,000 to serve a growing Faculty of Education which is training
teachers for elementary and secondary schools.
• A Dentistry building and basic
sciences building, to cost $4,229,-
000. Funds for a Faculty of Dentistry were provided in 1962-63,
and recruitment of staff is underway. First students will begin in
September,  1964.
• A Library addition, to cost
$972,000, provide space for 500,000
more books and 350 additional seating spaces. Construction is now
underway.
1965-66
The Forestry-Agriculture complex,  to  cost $3,427,000  and  bring
together these compatible faculties, now housed in several semipermanent and temporary buildings.
• A Music building, to cost
$1,585,000, including underground
parking, to bring into one building a department now scattered
among several buildings.
1966-67
• A Metallurgy building, to cost
$1,580,000 and bring this department together out of several inadequate buildings — including a
wooden building housing very high-
temperature furnaces.
• An addition to the Biological
Sciences building, to cost $6,000,-
000 and provide additional areas
for biology and botany, zoology,
fisheries and oceanography.
1967-68
• Completion of the Applied
Science complex to provide for
civil   and   mechanical   engineering
and  for  faculty  offices,  laboratories and classrooms.
• Smaller improvements and
contingencies round out the estimated cost to $30 million plus.
1968-69
• A Social Work building, to
cost $525,000.
General services and campus development, plus smaller improvements and contingencies, round out
the  estimated  cost to  $30   million.
The new buildings are required
to:
1. Cope with an inevitable
growth in study body which could
rise to 19,400 by 1966 (until Simon
Fraser University relieves the pressure) and 22,000 by 1973, due to
the rise in population of university  age.
2. To group faculties, schools
and departments in proper, modern accommodation, and abandon
as many  huts  as  possible.
3. To provide for a higher percentage of students in graduate
and professional training, who require larger floor space per student, due to the increased use of
labs, and specialized equipment.
Growth of the library is also essential.
UBC does not intend, however,
to become largely a professional
school. In the foreseeable future,
it will remain the only university
in B.C. doing substantial graduate
or professional training. But UBC
will continue to take a full share
of undergraduate (i.e. four-year-
degree)   students.
The aim is to raise the present
13 per cent of the student body in
graduate or professional training
to 25 per cent by 1973.
1963-64 1973-74
Four-year students     12,817 16,500
Graduate and professional  students     1,897 5,500
More graduate training is essential to provide university teachers
with Ph.D.'s, rapidly becoming the
accepted standard. UBC will require an increase from 870 teachers in 1963-64 to perhaps 1,600 in
1973-74. A teacher is required for
every three to four graduate students.
Why not limit the student body?
First, a growing modern economy
requires many more highly trained people. Second, UBC is raising
standards to ensure that those admitted can benefit and have a
good probability of graduating —
to eliminate a condition where
only 50 per cent of all students
survive second year.
A matriculation average of 60
per cent — up from 50 per cent
— is now required for admission
to UBC. Enrolment projections
are in spite of increased standards.
There is no idle space on the
campus. The average use of all
classroom space is 25 hours a week,
but in classrooms requiring little
equipment or preparation and
cleanup, it can amount to 35 hours
a week. These figures cover only
winter daytime use: they do not
include evening or summer use.
Nor do they include that use of
classrooms by approximately one-
third of the student body which is
studying   at any  given  time.
RELIGIOUS STUDIES EXPANDED AT UBC
Prof. William Nicholls has been
named head of the newly-established department of religious
studies in the faculty of arts, President John B. Macdonald has announced.
Prof. Nichols joined the UBC
faculty in 1961 to organize and
develop courses in religious studies. The department now offers a
major and an honours program in
this area.
The president <_!so announced
that Prof. Arthur E. Link, associate professor of Chinese and east
Asian thought at the University
of Michigan, would join the UBC
faculty to teach two courses in
Buddhism.
Prof. Nicholls said the appointment means that UBC is the only
university   in   Canada   to   offer   a
program with a scholar working
in the field of Buddhism exclusively.
Professor Link will teach a general course in Buddhism and a
seminar in . Mahayana Buddhism,
a branch of the religion which has
developed largely outside India.
He will also be responsible for
building up resources for specialized study in Buddhism leading to
more advanced work.
Professor Link is a graduate of
the .University of California where
U.B.C.  REPORTS
VOLUME   10 —   No. 4
JULY - Al/GUST, 1964
he received his bachelor and
master of arts degrees in far east
history and his doctor of philosophy degree in Oriental languages.
He carried out graduate work
in Chinese philosophy and taught
in Peking, China, from 1948 to
1950 on a Fulbright fellowship, and
has received a number of grants
for advanced work on Buddhism
and Oriental languages.
The addition of Professor Link,
along with other growth in the
department will bring to six the
number of persons teaching in religious studies for the next session. Last year 150 students were
enrolled for the eight courses offered.
When the department is fully
developed about half the courses
offered will deal with Christianity,
and the balance will deal with
Buddhism, Indian religion, and
the Jewish faith.
A unique collection of books on
Buddhism will be available in the
UBC library next year to students
on the subject, Professor Nicholls
said. A collection of 2000 volumes
on the subject is being assembled
by Mr. Carroll Aikins, of Nara-
mata, B.C. for donation to the
UBC library.
It will be the only substantial
collection in Canada, and will include almost every book worth
reading on the subject in the English  language.
Another grant from the Leon
and Thea Koerner Foundation is
being used to purchase the nucleus of original sources in Buddhist literature. NEW TEMPORARY HOME of the UBC school of social
work, being surveyed above by the school's head, Prof.
William Dixon, is the $500,000 house of the late F. Ronald
Graham on Marine Drive below the UBC campus. The
huge house, with a sweeping view of the Gulf of Georgia
and mountains to the north, will be used for lectures and
seminars with only minor alterations. Some features of
the house, such as the swimming pool, not shown here,
will be inoperative during social work's occupancy.
School will move to permanent campus building planned
for construction in 1968. Vancouver Sun photo by Deni
Eagland.
NO ERRORS
WITH NEW
UBC COMPUTER
UBC has installed a $1 million
electronic oracle which cannot
think — but never makes a mistake unless it breaks down. The
new IBM 7040 Processing System,
which went into action in July at
the UBC Computing Centre, leaves
mistakes to those who ask it questions.
When there is an error in the
data submitted to the new computer, its 600-1 ines-a-minute printer
chunks out a brief ultimatum:
"Execution deleted." The computer
has handed back the problem to
its originator for correction; he
may spend days or weeks finding
•his error (or errors) before his
problem goes back to the computer.
Not to err would be inhuman in
preparing data for the computer.
Most problems require those submitting them to write thousands of
figures by hand on coding sheets.
Minor errors are almost inevitable.
Computing centre supervisor
Werner Dettwiler, 28 (a UBC graduate in maths and physics who
joined the computer centre upon
graduating in 1959), says it is not
unusual for a major problem to be
submitted "two or three times"
before  it proves error free.
When that happy moment comes,
the computer will spin weeks of
preparatory work through in perhaps three minutes and print its
answer — along with its calculations — on the high speed printer.
But it will not answer until the
question  is correctly put.
The answers the computer gives,
says Mr. Dettwiler, "would be impossible to obtain by hand calculating methods."
Among its fantastic abilities, the
new computer can:
• Store 32,000 figures of 10 digits-
each (enough to fill nine newspaper pages) and pluck out and
use any one of those figures in
eight micro - seconds (less than
1/100,000th of a second,
• Add up 60,000 figures of 10
digits each  in one second,
• Read   information   back  from
U.B.C.  REPORTS
VOLUME   10 —   No. 4
JULY - AUGUST, 1964
a magnetic tape at 60,000 characters a second.
The new IBM 7040 is rated as a
medium-fast computer, ideal for
university work. Mr. Dettwiler says
it will speed up present computer
operations at UBC "about 100
times."
It is UBC's third computer installation. The present IBM 1620,
installed in 1961, has been working
24 hours a day, seven days a week.
UBC also has been sending some
of its overload Of computer work
to the University of Toronto.
Along with UBC work, the computer has handled problems for
governments and private industry,
and is willing to undertake much
more outside work, says Mr. Dettwiler.
The IBM 1620 has helped with
calculations for the new Port Mann
Bridge, worked on studies by Vancouver City traffic planners on the
probable effect on traffic of different freeway locations, and made
calculations for the recently-installed new microwave system
across Canada.
The new IBM 7040 will operate
at first only a few hours a week,
because of its much higher speed.
But Mr. Dettwiler expects demand
for its services to build up rapidly.
Mr. Dettwiler heads a computer
staff of 14: six program analysts,
two systems programers, two assistant programers, two key punch
operators, and two computer operators. The staff aids in the preparation of data, feeds the computer, and gets back an answer —
or an  error  message.
The problems come from many
campus sources. UBC engineering
departments require calculations;
statistical and questionnaire analyses are sought by faculty members
and advanced students in chemistry, mathematics, physics, medicine, psychiatry, psychology, political science, agriculture, and so on.
therapists
certified
to practice
Certification ceremony for the
first class in physical and occupational therapy in the school of rehabilitation medicine at the University of British Columbia took
place June 19 in UBC's Buchanan
building.
The 15 students were certified by
the UBC faculty of medicine as
having completed three years of
study in the combined course in
physical and occupational therapy.
They will be eligible to practice
after joining the Canadian Physiotherapy Association and the Canadian Association of Occupational
Therapists.
Dr. Brock Fahrni, director of the
UBC School of Rehabilitation Medicine in the Faculty of Medicine,
announced the names of those who
have completed the course and introduced each student to Dean
John F. McCreary, head of the
medical faculty.
In 1965, the fourth year of the
rehabilitation medicine course will
be instituted, the completion of
which will qualify students for the
degree of bachelor of science in
rehabilitation  (B.S.R.).
fitness study
UBC's school of physical education and recreation has been
awarded a grant of $6875 by the
federal health department for a
fitness study.
The UBC project is an analysis
of arterial pressure curves at various levels of fitness.
alumni give
more to
'64 campaign
The Alumni annual giving campaign raised $27,266.64 from 1726
donors during the first six months
of its  1964 operations.
The number of donors at the
half year mark is double the corresponding number in 1962 and up
almost 400 over the same period
in  1963.
The fund, which goes to meet
many special needs at UBC, last
year raised $89,370.75 from 3,728
donors.
Vol. 10, No. 4 — July-August,
1964. Authorized as second
class mail by the Post Office
Department, Ottawa, and for
payment of postage in cash.
Published by the University
of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to
friends and graduates of the
University. Permission is
granted for the material appearing herein to be reprinted
freely. James A. Banham
editor; Laree Spray Heide,
assistant editor. The editor
welcomes letters, which
should be addressed to the
Information Office, U.B.C,
Vancouver S.
president
names
two deans
President John B. Macdonald
has announced the appointment of
Dr. Ian McTaggart-Cowan as dean
of the faculty of graduate studies,
and Dr. Vladimir Okulitch as dean
of the faculty of science at UBC.
Dr. McTaggart-Cowan, presently
head of the department of zoology
and assistant dean of science, succeeds Dean F. H. Soward, who retired as dean of graduate studies
June 30.
Dr. Okulitch, presently acting
dean of science and head of the
department of geology and mining
and geological engineering, is the
first dean of the faculty of science.
He has been acting dean since
July, 1963, when the faculty of arts
and science became separate faculties.
The president said Dr. McTag-
gart-Cowan's background of research, University experience, and
public leadership fit him ideally
for the deanship of graduate studies at a time when UBC is faced
with the problems of strengthening and expanding this rapidly
growing area of work.
Dr. McTaggart-Cowan is an ideal
choice for this post, the president
said, because of his familiarity with
several important areas of research
and development in Canada, his
many associations in the educational and public fields, his proven
abilities in administration, and his
capacities to deal with broad issues as well as his university
work here and elsewhere.
Dr. McTaggart-Cowan was born
in Scotland in 1910 and obtained
his bachelor of arts degree at
UBC in 1932 before undertaking
graduate work at the University of
California, where he received his
Ph.D. in 1935.
Before joining the UBC faculty
in 1940 he was with the provincial
museum in Victoria as assistant
biologist and assistant director. Dr.
McTaggart-Cowan became a full
professor at UBC in 1945 and was
named head of the zoology department in 1953.
He has been assistant dean of
the faculty of arts and science
(later of the faculty of science)
since 1959 and is currently a member of the academic board of the
Province of British Columbia.
Dr. Macdonald said the committee to recommend a dean of science had deliberated for 15 months
and considered the names of a
great many candidates, both inside
and outside the University.
In recommending Dr. Okulitch
for this position, the president said,
the committee felt it had found a
person of established scholarship,
leadership, and integrity to fill this
important post
The committee, President Macdonald said, feels that it has found
in Dr. Okulitch an individual who
will be a strong chairman, an
advocate of improved teaching, a
champion of the undergraduate
program as well as a supporter of
graduate growth, a cooperative and
wise colleague on University councils, and a man who will generate
among faculty members loyalty to
UBC.
Born in Russia in 1906, Dr. Okulitch obtained the degrees of
bachelor and master of applied
science from UBC in 1931 and 1932.
He was awarded the Ph.D. degree
in geology and paleontology by
McGill in 1934.
Before joining the UBC faculty
in 1944, Dr. Okulitch taught at the
University of Toronto and was employed as a consulting geologist by
mining and oil companies and with
the Geological Survey of Canada
and the Quebec Bureau of Mines.
He has been head of the geology
department at UBC since 1959 and
served as a visiting professor at
the University of California in 1954
and the University of Hawaii in
1963.

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