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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Sep 19, 1991

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 Action taken on teacher evaluations
Starting next year, UBC administrators will be taking a
closer look at student evaluations of teachers.
At its first meeting of the year, the
university Senate unanimously endorsed a report outlining 13 recommendations regarding teacher evaluations.
The first recommendation called
for all deans, directors and department
heads to submit an annual report summarizing what had been done about
results which showed less than satisfactory teaching performances.
"Students think that poor teachers, no
matter how often they get evaluated, keep
on teaching badly and that's the problem
we're trying to address," said Professor
GrahamKelsey, who co-chaired the committee that drafted the report.
In its preface, the report stated:
"While the university can show that
formal teaching evaluation is done in
every faculty, its effectiveness is sometimes open to question and the effort
expended in doing it is seen by many
students as wasted."
Other committee recommendations
- that "serious consideration" be
given to making statistical summary
results ofthe evaluations available for
inspection by students.
- teachers with poor evaluation results be strongly urged to upgrade
their skills through the Faculty Development Program.
- that Senate reaffirm its requirement for an annual evaluation of teaching so as to give students the opportunity to express their views.
The report also called for a review of
evaluation procedures and instruments to
ensure evaluations are fairly managed,
peer evaluation is appropriately used and
students are given adequate time to complete evaluation forms.
Associate Dean Donald Wehrung,
ofthe Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, urged Senate to
make it compulsory for all faculties to
post evaluation findings for the benefit of faculty and students. Wehrung,
has found s
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whose faculty already makes its evaluation reports public, viewed the move
as a further incentive for professors to
perform well in class.
Evaluations are based on questionnaires filled out by students at the end
of the year. However, the form of the
questions, whether multiple-choice or
opened-ended, varies among faculties. Peer evaluations also take place
within each faculty.
Orvin Lau, a third-year science student and committee co-chair, introduced
the motion in Senate which led to the
creation ofthe eight-member committee
last October. The committee included
three students, four faculty and a convocation member of Senate.
It is the third such group established since 1974 to examine the longstanding issue.
"In the past, Senate has approved a
pot-pourri of recommendations dealing with teacher evaluations," said
Kelsey. "But this is the first time they
have taken a systematic approach to
the whole problem."
Highlights from other reviews
showed that evaluation is a valuable
tool for reappointment, promotion and
tenure. Previous reports also pointed
to a traditional reluctance at UBC to
impose a central methodology for
evaluation upon faculties.
More than 2,000 third- and fourth-
year undergraduates filled out questionnaires for the committee's report.
Asked how they would rate the
way UBC evaluates its faculty members' teaching, 34 per cent said it was
"good to excellent", roughly 35 per
cent rated it as " just adequate" and
almost 31 per cent put it in the "less
than adequate" to "very poor" range.
The report recommendations will
take effect in January, 1992.
The university annually recognizes
outstanding teachers on campus with
22 teaching prizes of $5,000 each. The
$675,000 Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund, a new initiative introduced earlier this year, will also
finance 31 enhancement projects in 11
On Tour
Photo by Cheryl Niamalh
Artists ofthe Chinese Youth Goodwill Mission performed recently at the Old Auditorium. Sponsored by
the UBC International Liaison Office, the 18-member troupe is made up of students from colleges and
universities throughout Taiwan. Vancouver was the first stop on a nine-city North American tour.
Results challenge current ideas on vaccine
Study suggests HIV not sole cause of AIDS
UBC researchers have discovered
that HIV antibodies can be detected in
a strain of mice that suffer from a
progressive, fatal disease, even though
the mice have not been exposed to the
AIDS virus.
The results appear in a paper by
Geoffrey Hoffmann, an associate professor with a joint appointment in
Microbiology and Physics, and PhD
student Tracy Kion.
The paper was published earlier
this month in the journal Science, the
official publication of the American
Association for the Advancement of
"It is a surprising result, but we
think we can understand it in the con
text of a theory ofthe pathogenic process of HIV," said Hoffmann.
Hoffmann and Kion are among those
researchers who question whether HIV
is the sole cause of AIDS. Their findings could help explain some of the
more puzzling aspects of the disease,
such as why people tend to become
seriously ill only after their immune
system creates anti-HTV antibodies.
In their study, Hoffmann and Kion
detected anti-HIV antibodies in mice
that suffered from the auto-immune
disease lupus. Normal, healthy mice
do not produce these antibodies.
The researchers believe that anti-
HIV antibodies damage the immune
systems of the mice and are involved
in causing lupus. Since there are many
similarities between lupus and AIDS,
the researchers suggest that anti-HIV
antibodies may also be involved in
causing AIDS.
This suggests it may be important
to suppress rather than boost the immune response to HIV, a quite different strategy forthe prevention of AIDS
from that being currently pursued by
most researchers working on vaccine
development, the researchers said.
Hoffmann and Kion have also
found anti-HIV antibodies in another
unexpected circumstance — in mice
that are immunized with white blood
cells, called lymphocytes, taken from
other mice. Lymphocytes produce
antibodies and regulate the body's
immune response.
The researchers said that lymphocytes,
which can be passed from one person to
another in blood and semen, may have a
co-factor role in AIDS.
A combination of lymphocytes from
another person and the AIDS virus
could more efficiently induce the production of antibodies that cause the
disease than the virus alone, they said.
The combination could produce
complementary immune responses
that attack each other, creating a
synergy that results in the complete
collapse of the immune system.
The detailed theory by Hoffmann,
Kion and Michael Grant, (formerly of
UBC) appeared in a recent issue ofthe
Proceedings ofthe National Academy
of Sciences (USA). 2    UBC REPORTS September 19.1991
New department heads appointed for Arts
In one ofthe largest administrative changes in
faculty history, half of the Faculty of Arts' departments and schools now have new heads.
Although a large number of heads were due to
step down in 1991, that number was made even
larger by three promotions. Patricia Marchak
(former head of Anthropology and Sociology)
was made dean, Professor Olav Slaymaker
(former head of Geography) was appointed associate vice-president, research, and Professor John
Helliwell (former head of Economics) was
awarded the two-year Harvard Professorship in
Canadian Studies.
New department heads include:
Carole Christensen, School of Social Work
Professor Christensenre-
ceived her B A from Howard
University, MSW from
Michigan and her D.Ed from
McGill University. She
joined UBC this year from
the School of Social Work at
McGill. Her research probes
a special interest in the delivery of social services to mi- Christensen
nority and immigrant
groups. She also specializes in marriage and family
counselling practices.
Michael S. Duke, Department of Asian
Professor Duke specializes in the study of
Chinese literature of both the classical and
modern eras. He received his BA from the
University of California at Davis and his PhD
from U. C. Berkeley. Before joining UBC in
1982, Duke taught at several universities in the
United States. He is a founding member of the
International Chinese Literature Association
and a frequent commentator on Chinese affairs.
Howard Jackson, Department of Philosophy
Jackson is a specialist in the philosophy of
language and an expert on the work on symbolic
logic by the German mathematician Frege.
Jackson received his B.Sc. from the University of
Illinois and his PhD from the University of California at Berkeley.
Dale Kinkade, Department of Linguistics
Professor Kinkade is on study leave and will
assume his duties as head in 1992. (Professor
David Ingram will be the acting head in the
interim). Kinkade received his B A from the University of Washington and his PhD from the
University of Indiana. Before joining UBC in
1982, he was previously the chair ofthe Department of Anthropology at the University of Kansas. Kinkade is a specialist on Pacific Northwest
Indian languages with a speciality in Salish.
Karl Kobbervig, Department of Hispanic
and Italian Studies
Professor Kobbervig specializes in the history of romance languages. Together with Arabic
scholar, Professor Hanna Kassis, Kobbervig has
published a Spanish index to the Koran based on
the original Arabic and two Spanish versions. He
received his B A and PhD from the University of
Washington and joined UBC in 1956.
Timothy Oke. Department of Geography
Professor Oke joined UBC in the early 1970s
after receiving a PhD at McMaster University.
He has recently been named to the Royal Society
of Canada for his pioneering contributions to
atmospheric science, particularly those on urban
climates. In recent years, Oke has been a Killam
(1988) and Guggenheim Fellow (1990).
Richard Pearson, Department of Anthropology and Sociology
Professor Pearson received his BA from Toronto and his PhD from Yale. A member of the
Royal Society of Canada, Pearson has been the
recipient of Guggenheim, Killam and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council fellowships. A specialist in the prehistory of east Asia,
he has published numerous archaeological studies of Japan, Korea and China.
Craig Riddell, Department of Economics
Professor Riddell graduated from Queen's
University with a PhD in Economics. After joining UBC's Department of Economics in 1982,
he served as one of the principal research coordinators for the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for
Canada (the MacDonald Commission). A specialist in labor economics and labor relations,
Riddell is also a member of several advisory
boards of government at the federal and provincial level.
Robert Silverman, School of Music
One of Canada's most distinguished musi
cians, Professor Silverman is also a pianist of
international renown. He joined the UBC School
of Music in 1973 after studying at McGill and the
Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y.
Silverman has performed to critical acclaim in
cities around the world and across Canada. He
can also be heard frequently on CBC Radio.
Peter Ward, Department of History
An internationally recognized scholar in social
history, Professor Ward
received two degrees at the
University of Alberta before switching to Queen's
for his PhD. A member of
the Canadian Historical
Review editorial board.
Ward's recent work has
focused on the relationships between economic
and social circumstances and the family. He has
just completed a major work on the birth weight
of infants and the standard of living in North
America and Europe.
Additional faculty announcements include:
Associate Professor Michael Kew has been
appointed acting director of the Museum of
Anthropology for one year; Professor Peter
Simmons has been appointed acting director of
the School of Library, Information and Archival Studies, and Associate Professor Valerie
Raoul will be acting head ofthe French Department until June 30, 1992.
United Vfcy
$280.000 goal for 1991
Campaign builds on
last year's success
UBC's 1991 United Way
campus drive is up and running.
Campaign organizers hope to
raise $280,000 during this
year's fund-raising effort,
spearheaded by over 200 UBC
faculty and staff volunteers —
almost double last year's volunteer corps.
A 27 per cent increase in employee donations made last
year's campus United Way appeal the largest in the non-profit
sector, and the largest in any
sector in the Lower Mainland.
Last year's goal of $240,000
was exceeded by almost
$10,000, based on donations
from 1,622 UBC employees.
"It is an opportunity to be of real
help to people of all ages and with
a diversity of needs," said Dr.
William Webber, associate vice-
president, academic, and chair of
the 1991 campus campaign.
"Past support from the campus community has been outstanding, and we are looking
forward to even greater success
this year."
Webber added that the United
Way is the only charity to
which contributions can be
made through payroll deduction at UBC. Individuals may
designate that their contributions go to one or more of
more than 80 agencies within
the United Way, or may elect
to have them given to any
charitable organization.
Donors may also designate
that their contributions not go
to specific agencies.
"It's important for people
to know that $.98 of their donated dollar goes to the agencies for the purposes intended," Webber said.
Several fund raising events
are planned for this year's drive,
including an Oktoberfest, sponsored by Plant Operations, on
Oct. 1, and a lunchtime karaoke
performance by faculty, organized by the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, on Oct. 17.
Officially launched Sept.
17, the campaign continues
throughout October. Pledge
cards and information pamphlets are currently on their
way to UBC faculty and staff.
Treatment controls pain
Patients say aah, not ouch
For most people, a trip to the dentist is equated with pain.
But a UBC researcher has found
that the combined use of
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and low levels of nitrous oxide can successfully control
acute pain associated with restorative
A study by Dr. David Donaldson,
head of Oral Medicine and Surgical
Sciences, indicates that the success
rate for managing pain in dental procedures such as preparing crowns and
bridges and placing amalgams, can
reach as high as 85 per cent when
electrical stimulation is augmented by
nitrous oxide.
"Electrical analgesia, when used
alone for restorative dentistry, produced disappointingly poor results,"
Donaldson said.
"However, combining electrical
analgesia with nitrous oxide sedation
was satisfactory, with an overall success rate exceeding 80 per cent."
The research showed an 85 percent
success rate for controlling pain when
both therapies were used together from
the beginning of treatment.
Nitrous oxide, a colorless, sweet
tasting gas, also known as "laughing
gas," is a general anesthetic gas at
certain levels, but low levels can safely
produce anxiety relief with some pain
controlling properties. TENS is the
application of mild electrical stimulation to skin electrodes placed over a
painful area, causing interference with
the transmission of hurtful stimuli.
A total of 124 dental patients, divided into three groups, participated
in the study.
Donaldson said the success rates
with nitrous oxide and TENS seems to
be tooth-dependent.
"The anterior teeth appear to respond better than posterior teeth because the electrodes are closer to the
nerve," he explained.
The study further suggests that patient acceptance may have an impact
Photo by Media Services
Donaldson treats Savlin Nicotic with TENS and nitrous oxide. The
combined treatment can reduce the pain of restorative dental work.
on the success rates for controlling
pain using the combined therapy.
"A small number of patients who
reported that the analgesia was successful, still considered the treatment
unacceptable because of their dislike
of muscle tremors produced by the
electrical device, or the euphoric effects ofthe nitrous oxide," Donaldson
He also observed that the treatment's popularity with patients varied, based on their anxiety levels. The
more anxious a patient was, the less
effective the treatment became.
However, patients allergic to local
anesthetics or wishing to avoid their
potential complications, experienced
satisfactory success rates.
Other mild side effects ofthe combined nitrous oxide and TENS therapy
observed during the study included
perspiration, nausea and dizziness.
Donaldson advised that the treatment was not acceptable for certain
dental procedures such as tooth extractions.
He added that the treatment is still
relatively uncommon. Nitrous oxide
is not generally used by all dentists
and consensus has not been reached
on which form of electrical energy is
most reliable or appropriate for use
with acute pain control.
Several TENS devices are currently being assessed to determine
which is most effective for this type
of treatment. UBCREPORTS September 19.1991       3
Lum's art exhibits unique edge
Ken Lum can't quite find
the words.
By phone from his studio in downtown Vancouver, the 35-year-old conceptual artist
and UBC Fine Arts professor is trying to describe his latest creations.
"I'm really not sure what you'd
call it," Lum said. "They're
photoworks I guess, but they protrude from the wall. Once you see
them, it'll make sense."
The aluminum-box wall-hangings
Lum is feverishly working to complete are for an October show at the
Museum of Modern Art in Paris. Between now and March, Lum's work
will be featured at exhibitions in Pittsburgh, Spain, Italy and the opening
show ofthe Museum of Modern Art in
Warsaw, Poland.
But from Sept. 19 to Oct. 12, Lum,
one of Canada's best known artists
abroad, will have a special installa
tion at the UBC Fine Arts Gallery.
Guaranteed to be different, his
UBC display will include ordinary
sofa cushions placed on the gallery
floor surrounded by large banners
inscribed with nonsensical slogans.
Scott Watson, gallery curator, said
the banners look like they may have
been used in a demonstration while
the cushions "make the whole thing a
bit edgier."
In fact, Lum exhibits are usually
characterized by a certain edginess:
so-called "language paintings" that
resemble slick advertising billboards
featuring splashy words which aren't
words at all; or furniture installations
with sofas arranged symmetrically,
either on their sides or in a circle, so
they can't be used.
Perhaps what he is best known for
are his portrait logos which are just
that — run-of-the-mill studio shots
of ordinary people, but with colorful,
poster-sized logos bearing either the
Loon Lake gets new classroom
Don Munro says it used to be affectionately known as the rec hall: a large,
log house at Loon Lake that was used for
everything from a laboratory to a dance
hall. On Oct. 4, the old rec hall will
officially give way to a state-of-the-art
classroom that will be accessible to both
students and the public alike.
"Forthreeweeks,LoonLake becomes
the classroom setting for virtually every
third-year student in the Faculty of Forestry, " said Munro, director of UBC's
research forests. "It's been that way since
1950, when the facilities at Loon Lake
were built."
Locatednearthe centre of the Malcolm
Knapp Research Forest, students use the
resources there as headquarters for field
studies. In addition, they are available to
interested groups for seminars and retreats. Thanks to a donation from
Monsanto Canada Inc. and additional
funds from UBC and the Malcolm Knapp
Research Forest, the premises have been
upgraded with the construction of a new
"The entire facility at Loon Lake is
made up of a classroom, cabins, a dormitory, guesthouse and cookhouse," said
Munro. "The construction of the new
classroom marks the completion of the
opening phase of renovation. The next
phase calls for the replacement of the
currenthousing units with new facilities."
Managed by the Faculty of Forestry,
the facilities at Loon Lake have been used
by many faculties and departments on
campus. Munro said the Monsanto Loon
Lake Classroom will add a new dimension to the facility and will be an improvement in overall efficiency.
The first event scheduled for the new
classroom is a two-day vegetation management seminar Oct. 3-4. At the
conclusion ofthe seminar, Robert Miller,
vice-president, research, will officially
open the new classroom. He will be
assisted by Munro; Clark Binkley, dean
ofthe Faculty of Forestry; Frank Oberle,
federal minister ofForestry; Claude Richmond, provincial minister of Forests; and
Glen Stith, vice-president, Monsanto
Canada Inc.
person's name or a title describing the
picture, emblazoned next to them.
Some Lum logo titles include Melly
Shum Hates Her Job (a woman seated
in her office), Mounties and Indians
(four native people standing between
two Mounties in full regalia), Gillian
and Smokey (a girl holding her cat)
and God Bless Stephen Carreiro (a
boy praying).
Lum's interest lies in the relationship between high art and the pervasive graphic or media process art
seen in posters, publishing and advertisements.
"It's not like high art exists autonomously from its surrounding,"
said Lum. "Graphic art has developed into a world of its own and
we're surrounded by it."
Watson says it's easy to read Lum's
aggressive style as a rebuke or social
Lum says he just wants to make
people reflect more on their environment.
The Fine Arts Gallery is open for
reflection Tuesday to Friday from
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Saturday noon
to 5 p.m.
Photo by Gavin Wilson
UBC students weren 't the only ones starling school this month, and
children and parents from University Hill Elementary, such as Kelly
Mercs, pictured here, have taken to the streets to remind motorists to
observe posted speed limits on campus approaches.
Kids invade campus for science
Venture out to campus on Saturdays this autumn and you'll see young
minds engaged in learning in a different sort of classroom.
Kids aged 5 to 17 will be here,
working side by side with UBC researchers, conducting experiments with
African locusts, studying gene cloning
and DNA manipulation, synthesizing
chemical compounds and comparing
bird languages with their own.
It is all part of Science Saturdays,
a unique Continuing Education program put together by David Vogt,
director of the science program and
the UBC Observatory.
"This program will put kids in contact with real scientists doing real science," Vogt said.
"They will be able to see and expe
rience first hand the adventure and
enthusiasm of research. We're hoping
to portray what science is really like,
beyond the classrooms and textbooks."
Vogt said several aspects of the
program make it unlike other science
programs for kids.
One is the diversity of science presented. Another is the access to sophisticated scientific equipment, such
as incubators, spectrometers, microscopes, computer work stations, as
well as specimens from the entomology and geology museums.
More important are the human resources available at UBC. Professors,
lecturers and graduate students from
several departments will be offering
the classes, Vogt said, and, since they
will only present topics that involve
their own research, they will be knowl
edgeable and enthusiastic.
"This is a wonderful marriage of
resources and personnel with the needs
and interests of the community," he
"We consciously designed the program to do something no one else
could do, so that we're not competing
with other programs, we're complementing them. What we are presenting is UBC science."
Vogt said the courses will be of
interest to young people who want to
learn more about science and to parents who want to expose their children to science.
There are 26 courses offered
through the program beginning in mid-
October and continuing through until
mid-December. For more information
or to register, call 222-5273.
It's Homecoming time again
Just 12 months ago, preparations were under way
for Homecoming '90, the
final phase of UBC's ambitious 75th anniversary celebrations.
All over town, people were
readying their evening wear for
the Gala Great Trekker Award
Dinner at the Hotel Vancouver.
On campus, students were preparing floats forthe Homecoming
parade and the Thunderbird mascot was practising his routines for
the Blue & Gold Classic football
With the tremendous popularity of March's Open House and
the Discover Summer at UBC program, it was looking as though
the university would go three-for-
three in its anniversary project
areas. We were not disappointed.
Now, in September of 1991,
the successes of all the 75th celebrations are pleasant memories
and it's time for Homecoming
Here are the events open to
alumni, students, faculty, staff and
members of the community:
Student Homecoming Parade
— Thursday, Sept. 26,
12:30 p.m., starting in B-Lot
and winding across campus to the Student Union
Building. For more information, call the AMS office
at 822-3092.
Great Trekker Award
Dinner — Thursday, Sept.
26, reception at 6:30 p.m.,
dinner at 7:30 p.m., Ballroom, Student Union Building. This year's recipient is
social activist and author Rosemary Brown, MSW ('67), a member of the provincial legislature for
14 years.
Every year a UBC alumnus or
alumna is honored with the Great
Trekker Award for service to the
community. The award commemorates the seminal event in UBC
student history: the 1922 march
protesting B.C. government delay
in completing the Point Grey campus. The protest sparked the 1925
move from UBC's original, tempo
rary digs at Vancouver General
Hospital to Point Grey.
Tickets for the dinner are $25
for students and $40 for others.
For more information, call the AMS
office at 822-3092.
Blue & Gold Classic Football
Game — Saturday, Sept. 28,7:30
p.m. kick-off, Thunderbird Stadium.
UBC's gridiron stalwarts battle the
University of Manitoba Bisons in
the annual Homecoming game.
Tickets are available from the AMS
box office, the Athletics department and at the gate. Tickets are
free for UBC students. The T-Bird
mascot will be on hand to entertain
during the game and at half-time.
For more information, call the Athletics Department at 222-BIRD
Arts '20 Relay and Pancake Breakfast—Sunday,
Sept. 29, starting at Vancouver General Hospital at
9 a.m.
The relay covers an 11.1
kilometre course from
VGH, where UBC's first
classes were held in 1915,
to the Point Grey campus.
Teams of eight runners
race along 12th and 16th
Avenues to the Great Trek cairn on
Main Mall. Both university and
community teams are welcome.
With average participation in the
1,500 to 2,000 people range, the
Arts '20 is one ofthe largest university athletic events in the country.
For more information, call the
Intramurals Office at 822-6000.
As part of last year's enhanced
75th anniversary program of activities, the Arts '20 added a pancake breakfast, anniversary cake
and entertainment to the awards
ceremony. These proved so
popular that once again they will
all be part of the post-race festivities on Main Mall, above Sedgewick Library.
In addition to these general
events, a number of class reunions and alumni division activities, such as barbecues and mini-
open houses, are planned for
Homecoming. For more information on these events, call the programs department of the Alumni
Association at 822-3313.
If 1990 marked the 75th year of
operation for the University of
B.C., a similar celebration for the
UBC Alumni Association must not
be far away. In fact, the association has already begun to plan its
gala Diamond Jubilee, scheduled
for 1992. A special series of
events, gatherings and general
good fun is in the works. Stay
tuned for more information. 4   UBC REPORTS September 19.1991
September 22 -
October 6
Astronomy Seminar
The Global Hubble Constant. Dr. N.
Visvanathan, Mount Stromlo/Siding
Spring Observatories, Canberra, AU.
Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee at 3:45pm. Call 2-6706/2-2267.
B.C. Cancer Research Seminar
Retrovirus-Like Promoters In The Human
Genome. Miss Anita Feuchter, Terry Fox
Lab, BC Cancer Agency. BCCRC Lecture Theatre, 601 W. 10th Avenue at
Biochemistry/Molecular Biology
Discussion group.
j Neuronal Regulation Of
Schwann Cell Proliferation
And Differentiation. Dr.
I Gerry Weinmaster, Salk
Institute. IRC#1 at 3:30pm.
Call Ivan Sadowki at 822-4524.
For events in the period October 7 to October 19, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms
no later than noon on Tuesday, September 24 to the Community Relations Office, Room 207, 6328 Memorial Rd., Old
Administration Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports will be published October 3.
Notices exceeding 35 words may be edited.
Botany Seminar
i^^"""« Conditional Recognition Of
JQB   Cauliflower Mosaic Virus
W^P    Polyadenylation Signal.
WP^      Dr. Helene Sanfacon, Ag-
^^^^^   riculture Canada Research
Station, Vane.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
Brown Bag Seminar
Indonesian Development In Agriculture. Dr. H. Didung Abdul Adjid,
Director-General of Food Crops, of
Agriculture, Government of Indonesia. Asian Centre 604 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-4688.
Oceanography Seminar
Geostrophic Adjustment In A Layered
Ocean With Step Topography. Andrew
Willmott, Exeter University, England.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm. Call Susan
Allen at 822-2828.
Law Lecture
Canadian Constituional
Reform. Lucien
Bouchard, leader Bloc
Quebecois, former Minster, Environment
Canada.   Curtis 101 at
Faculty Development Program        5:30pm. Call 822-3066.
Teaching Large Classes: Maximizing Your
Effect Upon Student Learning. Graham
Kelsey, Admin/Higher Education.
Buchanan A-204 from 3:30-5pm. Registration required. Call 822-9149.
Modern Chemistry Lectures
Developments In Automated Flow-Injection Analysis. Dr. Adrian Wade, Chemistry. Chemistry B250 at 1pm. Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Botany Seminar
The Demography Of
Iridaea Splendens.
Leonard Dyck, MSc. candidate, UBC. BioSciences
2000 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
Statistics Seminar
Estimation Of The Extremal Index Function And The Distribution Of The Maximum Of A Stationary Dependent Sequence. Dr. Harry Joe, Statistics. Angus
223 at 4pm. Call 822/4997 or messages
Medical Genetics Seminar
Prohormone Processing Enzymes In
Yeast, Nematodes And Man. Ken Peters,
BSc. graduate student. IRC#1 from 4:30-
5:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm. Call
'<•' ■
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MJffTili HMMjIll (iffflM IWrWWHy
Sieve Crombie
A«rt&»or:P»4i Martin
Fffleal, Abe Better, Charles Ker
Geography Colloquium
Hydrology/Hydfautics/Sediment Transport Of The Pleistocene Missoula/Lake
Bonneville Floods In The Pacific Northwest. Jim O'Connor, US Geological
Survey. Geography 201 at 3:30pm.
Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call 822/
Applied Mathematics Colloquium
Quasi-periodic Phenomena In Forced And
Coupled Oscillations. Dr. Wayne Nagata,
Mathematics. Math 104 at 3:45pm. Call
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Topic TBA. Division of
Oncolgy. Dr. C.P.
Beauchamp, Chair. Eye
Care Centre Auditorium
at 7:30am. Call 875-
Microbiology Seminar Series
Biofouling Caulobacters: A Question Of
Sticking Around. Dr. John Smit, Microbiology. Wesbrook201 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-6648.
Wednesday Noon Hour Concert
Valerie Siren, soprano;
Karen Enns, piano.
School of Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Admission: $2 at the door. Call
Physics Colloquium
Membranes And Random Surfaces. Dr.
Michael Wortis, Physics, SFU. Hennings
201 at 4pm. Call 822-3853.
Pharmacology Seminar
Role Of Neuropeptides In The Modulations Of Spinal Nociception. Dr.
Ruth Cridland, Physiology. IRC #2
from 11:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-
Obstetrics/Gynecology Research Seminar
Cancelled. Call 875-2334.
Faculty Development Seminar
Student Learning Needs: Designing
A Lesson Plan Which Reflects Them.
Eugene Hrushowy, Professional Development Consultant, Douglas College. Registration required.
Buchanan A-204 from 3:30-5pm. Call
Graduate Scholarships Day
Information session for all
grad students and 4th yr.
undergrads. Meet representatives from the Dean's
Science Council of BC.
Grad Student Centre Ballroom from
8:45am-4:30pm. Call 822-4556.
FRIDAY, SEPT. 27   j
Obstetrics/Gynecology Grand
Fallopian Tube Catheterization For Proximal Tubal
Obstruction. Dr. Miles
Novy. University Hospital,
Shaughnessy Site D308 at
8am. Call 875-2171.
Teaching Assistants Seminar
Positive Grading Practices - Evaluating
Student Work. For TAs whose major role
is marking papers, essays or problem
sets. Faculty Development Program.
Graduate Student Centre from 4-5:30pm.
Call 822-9149.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Microvascular Exchange. Ian Gates,
graduate student. ChemEngineering 206
at 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Fall Clinical Day/A.J. Elliott Lecture
Ocular Trauma/Oculoplastics. Dr. John
L. Wobig, assoc. clinical professor,
Opthalmic, Plastic/Reconstructive Surgery, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health
Sciences U. Eye Care Centre Auditorium
from 7:30am-4:30pm. Call 875-4555, local 6127.
Forestry Seminar
What Do Foresters Value? Prof. J.E.
Coufal, NY State U., Albany.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3553.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Review Of Mortality: The BCCH Experience. Dr. J. Dimmick, Associate Dir.,
Pathology. G.F. Strong Auditorium at
9am. Call 875-2118.
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Night Lecture
Koerner Memorial Lecture.
The KGB: From Lenin To
Gorbachev. Dr.
Christopher Andrew, Dir.
of Studies in History, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, England. IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call
Rehab Medicine Alumni Event        Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Rehab Alumni/Friends
Broomball Challenge and
Family Ice-skating. Admission: a donation for the
Vancouver Food Bank.
Kits Community Centre,
2690 Larch at 7pm. Call 732-5180.
Nursing Alumni Brunch
Alison Taylor, guest speaker, talks on the
mentoring program. Cecil Green Park at
11:15am. Tickets: $10. Reservations
requested. Call 822-3313.
Applied Mathematics Colloquium
An Operator Splitting Method For The
Wigner-Poisson Equation. Dr. Anton
Arnold, Mathematics, Purdue University,
West Lafayette, IN. Math 104 at 3:45pm.
Call 822-4584.
Paediatrics Research Seminar
Interactive Effects Of Chronic Maternal
Alcohol/Cigarette Smoke Exposure On
Growth Of The Offspring. Dr. Joseph
Leichter, Family/ Nutritional Sciences.
Children's Hospital 3D16/ABC at
12noon. Refreshments at 11:45am.
Call 875-2492.
History Seminar
Koerner Memorial Lecture. The KGB And
The Cambridge Moles. Dr. Christopher
Andrew, Dir. of Studies in History, Corpus
Christi College, Cambridge, England.
Buchanan A-104 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
History Lecture
^J"™    Koerner Memorial Lecture,
m^^^    Researching The Intelli-
BL/V    gence Archives In The UK
^^^    And The USSR.    Dr.
^^^mmJl Christopher Andrew, Dir.
of Studies in History, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, England.
Buchanan Penthouse at 3:30pm.   Call
BC Cancer Research Seminar
Computed Tomography-A Method To
Predict In Vivo Lung Toxicity After Irradiation. Dr. Ellen El-Khatib, Senior Clinical
Physicist, BC Cancer Agency. BCCRC
Lecture Theatre, 601 W. 10th at 12pm.
Call 877-6010.
TUESDAY, OCT. 1    j
Space Station Science Symposium
Materials/Fluid Sciences
In Reduced Gravity with
Prof. Yves Malmejac, Centre De'Etudes Nucleaires
de Grenoble; Drs. Hisam
Azuma, National Space
Development Agency, Japan; Earl Cook,
Science Research Lab, 3M Corp.; Charles
Wood, U. of Toronto. SUB Theatre. Dr.
Don Brooks 822-7081.
The Application of Chemistry To The Examination Of Works Of Art. Dr. Suzanne
Q. Lomax, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Chemistry B250 at 1pm.
Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call 822-
University Computing Services
Introduction To Micros with Jim Stewart.
Fee: Students $50, others $37.50. UCS
Annex 1 from 9:30am-12:30pm.
Introduction To Unix with Alistair Blachford.
Continues Oct. 3/8. Fee: Students $20,
others $60. Computer Science 460 from
Registration for both, Computer Sciences
209. Call 822-8938.
Statistics Seminar
Simultaneous/Sequential ROC Analysis
For Multiple Diagnostic Tests. Raymond
Fang, Statistics. Angus 223 at 4pm. Call
Medical Genetics Seminar
Gender Abnormalities
In British Columbia. Dr.
Barbara McGillivray,
acting dir.. Clinical Genetics Services. IRC#1
from 4:30-5:30pm. Re-
at 4:15pm.    Call 822-
History Lecture
Koerner Memorial Lecture. The Growth
Of Intelligence Collaboration InThe Twentieth Century: The Experience Of The
English-speaking World. Dr. Christopher
Andrew, dir. of Studies in History, Corpus
Christi College, Cambridge, England.
Buchanan A-104 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Oceanography Seminar
Energy And Sinking Rates Of Marine Diatoms. AnyaWaite, DOUBC. BioSciences
1465 at 3:30pm. Call Susan Allen at 822-
Faculty Women's Club General
Speaker: Dr. C. Lynn
Smith, Dean of Law.
Babysitting available. Cecil
Green Park at 1pm. Call
Space Station Science Symposium
Observing/Sensing Sciences with Profs.
Brian McBreen, University College, Dublin; Koryo Miura, Int. Space/
Astronautical Science, Japan; Dr. Rod
Tennyson, U. of Toronto Institute for
Aerospace Studies. SUB Theatre. Dr.
Don Brooks 822-7081.
Biotechnology Seminar
Physiological State Control Of
Bioprocesses Using Expert System: Application To Recombinant E. Coli For
Phenylalanine Production. Dr. K.
Konstantinov, Int'l. Center of Coop Research in Biotechnology, Osaka U., Japan. IRC #5 at 3:30pm. Call Dr. R. Turner
at 822-6132. UBC REPORTS September 19.1991
September 22
October 6
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Wrist Arthroscopy. Dr.P.T.
Gropper, Chair. Eye Care
Centre Auditorium at
7:30am. Call 875-4646.
Kaspar Naegele Memorial Lecture
Groping For Survival: Combining Sociology, Ecology And Feminism? Dr.
Margrit Eichler, Ontario Institute for
Studies in Education. Anthropology/
Sociology 207-209 at 12:30pm. Call
Wednesday Noon Hour Concerts
Julia Nolan, saxophone; David Branter,
saxophone; Robert Rogers, piano. School
of Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission: $2 at the door. Call 822-5574.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Biological Wood Protection Against The
Staining Fungi: Past/Present/Future.
Dr. Colette Breuil, Forestry, UBC.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Geography Colloquium
A Human Factors Approach To Road
Safety Studies. Gerry Brown, assoc. professor, Civil Engineering. Geography 201
at 3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:25pm.
Call 822-2985/2663.
Forestry Seminar
Longterm Effects Of Forest Fertilization On Nitrogen Cycling. Drs. Cindy
Prescott/Morag McDonald,
Forest Sciences.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3553.
Space Station Science Symposium
Life Sciences In Space with Prof.
Masamichi Yamashita, Inst. Space/
Astronautical Science, Japan; Drs. Larry
Young, Man-Vehicle Laboratory, MIT;
Augusto Cogll, Instit fur Biotechnologie,
Gruppe Weltraumbiologie, Zurich; Barry
Glickman, Centre Environmental Health,
Victoria. SUB Theatre. Dr. Don Brooks
Faculty Only Seminar
Using Consumer Markets To Regulate The
Environment. Prof. DavidCohen, Law. Curtis
149 at 12:30pm. Call 822-4232.
Physics Colloquium
Particle Physics On Mass Scales Below 1
Micro-electronvolt? Dr. Eric Addleberger,
U.ofWashington. Hennings201 at4pm.
Call 822-3853.
Pharmacology Seminar
Alpha-Mediate Signal Transduction/
Vasoconstriction. Dr.     Reza
Tabrizchi, Pharmacology/Therapeutics. IRC #2 from 11:30am-12:30pm.
Call 822-2575.
Experimental Medicine Seminar
Novel Approaches To
lnterleukin-3 Therapy. Dr.
Amanda Jones, Biomedical Research Centre. University Hospital, UBC Site
GF-279from 4:30-5:30pm.
Call 882-7215.
Economics Seminar
Topics In The Estimation Of Time Series
Models. Max King, Monash U. Australia/
U. of California, San Diego. Brock 351
from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-2876.
President's Lecture On Psychology
The Cycle Of Violence And Beyond: The
Long-term Sequelae Of Child Abuse And
Neglect. Dr. Cathy Spatz Widom, School
of Criminal Justice, State University of
New York, Albany. Kenny 2510 at
12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Great Teachers Symposia
NOTICES h      H'9n Blood Pressure Clinic PMS Research Study
jj^^™   Faculty Development Pro-
m^k^   gram.  Symposium panel
ML. V   will consist of past/present
^|py    winners of university teach-
m^^^J ing prizes who will address
issues surrounding teaching/learning. Angus 104 from 3:30-5pm.
Registration required. Call 822-9149.
Kaspar Naegele Memorial Lecture
The Legal Construction Of Fatherhood.
An Overview Of Canadian Law. Dr. Margrit
Eichler, Ontario Institute For Studies In
Education. Buchanan A-102 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-5675.
Kaspar Naegele Memorial Lecture
Discussion: Groping For Survival: Combining Sociology, Ecology And Feminism?. Dr. Margit Eichler, Ont. Institute
For Studies In Education. Anthropology/
Sociology 207/209 at 4pm. Call 822-
University Computing Services
QuickStarts: MS-DOS For Students with
ThochinChua. Fee: $8.95. UCS Annex
1 from 12:30-1:30pm. Register in Computer Sciences 209. Call 822-8938.
UBC Symphony Concert
Jesse Read, conductor.
Old Auditorium at
12:30pm. Admission:
free. Call 822-5574.
FRIDAY, OCT. 4     |
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Ecmo: Who Needs It? Dr. A. Solimano,
clinical assoc. professor. G.F. Strong
Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Title      TBA. Speaker     TBA.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call J.
Piret at 822-5835.
University Computing Services
Computer Keyboard Skills with Jim Stewart.
Fee: Students $37.50, others $50. UCS
Annex 2 from 1:30-2:30pm. Register In
Computer Sciences 209. Call 822-8938.
School of Music Concert
UBC Contemporary Players, Eric Wilson/
Peter Hannan, directors. Music Bldg.
Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission: free.
Call 822-5574.
UBC Symphony Concert
Jesse Read, conductor. Old Auditorium
at 8pm. Admission: free. Call 822-5574.
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Night Lecture
A World Turned Upside
Down. Prof. Ivan L. Head,
O.C., Q.C, President, International Development
Research Centre, Ottawa.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call
Carpool Matching
A service for faculty, staff and students.
Call Karen Pope, Dean's Office, Applied
Science at 822-3701 and find your area
Call For Former UBC Athletes
Athletics is updating its mailing list of
former athletic team players: originators/
contributors to programs in place today. If
you qualify or are knowledgeable in the
location of any other past player, call 822-
8921 after 4:30pm.
Frederic Wood Theatre
Until Sept. 28 only: 5th Of
July by Lanford Wilson.
Directed by John Wright.
FWT at 8pm. Adults $10,
Students/Seniors $7. Tickets available at the Theatre Building 207 or call 822-2678.
Health Sciences Bookshop
Open Saturday
The Bookshop is open Mon.-Sat. from
9:30am-5pm in the Medical Student/
Alumni Centre at 2750 Heather St. comer
of 12th Ave. Call 879-8547.
Research Conference Deadline
Registration ends Sept. 30 forthe School
of Nursing's one day conference scheduled for Oct. 8 at the Graduate Student
Centre: Gaining Momentum In Research:
Focus On Nursing Initiatives. All welcome. Fees vary from $21.40 for lunch
only to $42.80 for the full day. Call 822-
Executive Programmes
Business Seminars. Sept. 23-24: Speed
Reading, $595. Sept. 25-26: Construction Claims, $950. Oct. 3-4: Executive's
Computer, $550 and Financial Statement
Analysis, $595. E.D. MacPhee Executive
Conference Centre. Call 822-8400.
English Language Institute
Evening Classes
ESL offers Conversation Skills, Advanced Discussion, Speaking/Debating,
Fluency/Pronunciation, Writing/Grammar, Practical Writing for Business, and
TOEFL Preparation, from 7-9pm.
Classes begin Sept. 30 and Oct. 1. Call
Professional Development Series For
Practicing Language Teachers October
Workshops: Teaching English in Japan,
Videotaping in the Language Class and
Stimulating Student Talk in the Lang.
Class. Tuesday evenings from 7-9pm.
Call 222-5208.
Reading, Writing/Study Skills
"JR^™" Register by Sept. 30 for
■^^k^ non-credit courses in
^^^/y grammar, composition,
V^^V study skills, reading for
■■■■■■J speed/comprehension,
business writing and ECT
preparation. Call 222-5245.
Language Programs/Services
Beginner, intermediate or advanced
levels of conversational French,
Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin and
Cantonese start the week of Sept.
24. Non-credit, 10-weeks, Tuesday/
Thursday evenings and Saturday
mornings.   Call 222-5227.
Statistical Consulting/Research
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-
210. Call 822-4037.
Volunteers (over 18 years) needed,
treated or not, to participate in clinical
drug trials. Call Dr. J. Wright or Mrs.
Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with mild to
moderate hypertension, treated or not,
needed to participate in a high blood
pressure study. Call Dr. J. Wright or
Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
HIV Research Program
I Volunteers needed for a
study of the oral absorption of 3TC, a new anti-HIV
drug. Must be HIV positive
with a CD4 count between
200-500 and be free of
medications for minimum 3 weeks. Requires a 2-night stay on two separate
occasions, one week apart. Financial
compensation. Contact: Patricia Fulton,
Clinical Trials Coordinator, Infectious Disease Clinic, St. Paul's Hospital. Call 631 -
Herpes Research Study
Participants needed for treatment studies
of shingles (herpes zoster) and first herpes simplex infections, with new antiviral
agents. Also ongoing study for males 18-
45 years with recurrent herpes simplex.
Dr. Stephen Sacks, Medicine, sponsoring physician. Call 822-7565 or leave
your name/number at 687-7711, pager
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers
age 45-75 years, all fitness levels, required. No maximal testing. Scheduled
at your convenience. Call Fiona Manning, School of Rehab Medicine, 822-
Lung Disease Study
Subjects with emphysema
or fibrosis needed to investigate means of improving lung function without
drugs. Call Fiona Manning, School of Rehab
Medicine, 822-7708.
Bereavement Study
Participants needed for a study investigating the long-term effects of adolescent
bereavement. Must have lost either parent at least five years ago, and have been
between 13 and 17 years at the time of the
loss. Two one-hour interviews required.
Please call Ann McKintuck in Nursing at
Retirement Study
Women concerned about retirement planning needed for an 8-week Retirement
Preparation seminar. Call Sara Cornish
in Counselling Psychology at 822-5345.
Office Workers Research Study
Women volunteers needed for a Counselling Psychology study on work and
stress. Required, completion of one questionnaire per month for 3 months. Call
Letty Toews at 222-2060.
Personality Study
Volunteers aged 30 or
more needed to complete
a personality questionnaire. Required, 2 visits,
about 3 hours total. Participants receive a free
personality assessment and a $20 stipend. Call Janice in Dr. Livesley's office, Psychiatry, Detwiller 2N2, 822-
Depression Study
Participants needed for study researching a new anti-depressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-65 years. Call
Doug Keller in Psychiatry at 822-7318.
Volunteers needed for a study of an
investigational medication to treat
Pre Menstrual Syndrome. Call Doug
Keller, Psychiatry, University Hospital, Shaughnessy site at 822-
Hair Loss Research
Women aged 19-49 years experiencing moderate hair loss, crown
area only, are needed for study.
Must be able to attend 1-2 times
weekly for 9 months. Honorarium
paid. Call Sherry in Dermatology at
Dermatology Acne Study
Volunteers between 14-35 years with
moderate facial acne needed for 4
visits during a three month period.
Honorarium paid. Call Sherry at 874-
Stress/Blood Pressure Study
Learn how your body responds to
stress. Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in
Psychology at 822-3800.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility _
All surplus items. Every
Wednesday, 12-3pm.
Task Force Bldg., 2352
Health Sciences Mall.
Call 822-2813.
Student Volunteers
Find an interesting and challenging
volunteer job with Volunteer Connections, Student Counselling and
Resources Centre, Brock 200. Call
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from 12:30-2pm, University
Hospital, UBC Site, Room M311
(through Lab Medicine from Main
Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical Education
and Recreation through the John M.
Buchanan Fitness and Research
Centre. Students $25, others $30.
Call 822-4356.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
Fridays from 6:30-
10pm in Gym A of the
Robert Osborne Centre. Cost is $15 plus
library card. Call
Bernard at 822-6809 or
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Located west of the Education Building. Free admission. Open year
round. Families interested in
planting, weeding or watering the
garden, call Jo-Anne Naslund at 434-
Botanical Garden
Open from 10am-6pm daily. Free
admission on Wednesdays. Call 822-
Nitobe Garden
Open from 10am-8pm
daily. Free admission
on Wednesdays. Call
Interim Report from Task Force on Waste
Reduction, Recycling and Re-use
Throughout the world, environmental concerns have risen to the top of the public policy
agenda. Governments, organizations and individuals are increasingly aware of the adverse
consequences resulting from a continuing neglect of our environment and actively pursuing
alternatives designed to sustain, enhance and
enrich it for future generations.
In as large and complex an institution as The
University of British Columbia, there are many
steps that can be taken to reduce waste and
encourage recycling. President, David
Strangway, therefore, directed that a task force
be established under my chairmanship to:
Review waste recycling programs now in
place at UBC, assess options being exercised at other universities, make policy
recommendations for consideration by the
University's Board of Governors, and identify for consideration by the administration
waste recycling opportunities.
To address the many dimensions of the
issue, experience and expertise was sought
from a variety of academic disciplines and administrative units throughout the University.
Membership on the task force consists of:
A. B. Gellatly (Chair)
Vincent Grant, Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Alan Artibise, Community and Regional
Keith Bowler, Purchasing Department
Anna Brown, Student
Joanne Gislason, Student
Wayne Greene, Occuptional Health and
Iva Mann, Greater Vancouver Regional
Mary Risebrough, Student Housing and
Chuck Rooney, Plant Operations
Guy Ferrari, Plant Operations
Christine Samson, Food Services
John Smithman, Parking and Security
Jim Atwater, Civil Engineering
Victor Lo, Bio-Resource Engineering
Brenda Jagroop, Waste Management
John Chase, Executive Assistant to the
Vice-President, Administration and
The Task Force has held seven meetings. It
became evident early on that the tasks could be
carried out best by forming subcommittees to
deal with specific issues. Nine subcommittees
were formed. The purpose of this report is to
describe the progress to date of each of the
Special Wastes
a. Identify all special waste streams, not
just those compatible with disposal through incineration (Special Waste Regulations).
b. Review recycte/recover/reuse options
for the principal waste streams.
c. Ic^ntifypreserrtandfutureneedsinterrris
of quantities of materials that require incineration
(such as biological, contaminated materials,
solvents and animal carcasses).
d. Evaluate incinerators that can meet the
identified needs; solicit advice and obtain cost
estimates for incinerator replacement; liaise
with regulatory agencies which will be required
to licence, inspect and monitor the facility.
Task Force Recommendations:
The task force was established from a collection of experts available from the campuses of
the three B.C. universities:   UBC, SFU and
U.Vic. The objective was to develop a joint
approach to waste disposal, possibly leading to
a joint facility for some aspects of waste disposal. It included representatives of the waste
generators, university regulators, and engineers
specialised in evaluation of disposal options.
The recommendations of the task force, published in August 1989 [1], may be paraphrased
i. The establishment of a comprehensive
recycling program for paint wastes and other
recyclables such as motor oil.
ii. The establishment of a waste management and tracking system which would follow
waste from cradle to grave.
iii. The establishment of a new tri-uni-
versity incineration and waste management facility to manage many wastes and
to incinerate those materials for which
incineration is the best disposal option.
This facility's emissions will meet the most
stringent existing and anticipated North
American standards, and will be based
upon the most advanced available technology. It will be located on the site of the
current UBC Waste Disposal Facility atthe
South end of the UBC campus.
iv. Formation of an advisory committee,
composed of university officials and community
representatives which would have access to the
proposed facility, including operational records,
and would make policy and operational recommendations.
The report also made specific recommendations about the technology which should be
installed for incineration, and about operational
protocols such as climatic controls which would
minimise environmental impact.
The recommendations of the taskforce were
accepted by the universities. It was determined
that they could be implemented best by an
engineering consultant acting in concert with the
university's experts. (The project was of such
magnitude, requiring substantial civil, mechanical, and chemical engineering expertise that the
university was not optimally structured for its
implementation. However, the universities'en-
gineering experts were retained in asmaller task
force to ensure that the original task force's
recommendations were implemented both in
letter and spirit, and to lend substantial technical
expertise on incineration, regulatory and public
issues to the consultant.)
Project Continuation:
After reviewing the proposals and credentials of over twenty consultant engineering companies, CH2MHMI, a group
with substantial experience in the area of
hazardous and municipal waste disposal
was retained as project engineers and
consultants. This occurred in Fall 1989.
They were initially commissioned to produce a predesign report which would include accurate estimates of facility cost,
and a facility design. This report typically
precedes final detailed design and tendering. Technologically, the predesign report
incorporated updated technical recommendations which followed from a trip made by
representatives of CH2MHHI and UB.C to
the most recently designed North American facilities. This trip was organized to
discuss unpublished practical and operational details associated with the most
modern incineration, recycling and pollution control technology. The proposed
UBC facility will incorporate the best of the
new technology which was observed as
well as innovative new concepts.
The predesign report[2] was completed
in August 1990, the product of substantial
work by CH2MHHI and approximately
monthly meetings with the university's technical team. At the same time, recognising
the need to involve the university and Point
Grey communities in the process while
substantial flexibility remained in technical
and operational decisions, the Advisory
Committee recommended by the Univer
sity Task Force was formed. The membership of this committee includes a technical
expert in toxicology as well as representatives of the rate payers. The committee
elected as its chairman Dr. Webber, the
former dean of the Faculty of Medicine at
UBC. The advisory committee has met
twice to this date and has requested technical information with respect to the incineration process and emissions. Meanwhile, the technical work on the process is
ongoing leading up to the tendering of the
major components. This will occur shortly.
Research and
Develop Markets
a. To determine which materials and supplies create major hazards to the environment.
b. To develop reliable sources of environmentally sensitive replacement materials.
c. To coordinate plans with other public
sector bodies, e.g. BC Purchasing Commission,
Universities and Colleges.
d. To develop markets for surplus and
waste materials.
Action to Date:
1. As paper products form 50% or more of our
waste, our focus has been:
a. To discover reliable sources for recycled* and unbleached papers
b. Determine current products for which
recycled* materials can easily be substituted.
'Refers to at least 50% reused material of
which at least 5%of the total is post-consumable
* All 1990 exam books were made of recycled
* Most on-campus newsletters are now being
printed on recycled paper.
* Eight sets of university forms requiring GST
changes will be printed on recycled paper.
* Many departments are using recycled paper in their photocopiers; however, problems still
exist for high speed copiers and duplicators, and
the paper is 15% more expensive.
* UBC's major paper contracts are open for
rebidding in March of 1991. In the meantime, all
interim paper and printing requirements are
being quoted in both virgin and recycled materials.
* Media Services are developing standards
for university stationery to be in both recycled
and/or virgin fibres. This will be consistent with
the graphics standards manual.
* All buyers in the purchasing department
have been instructed to search for the use of
recyclable materialsand supplies wherever possible.
2. SERF and the University Bookstore
have now established a trade-in program
which allows for the exchange of coated
paper (Thermoc) fax machines for plain
paper (Laser) machines.
Future Objectives 1991:
1. In contracting for fine paper due April
1991, UBC will be working with other universities
and public sector bodies to develop a cooperative contract for recycled and unbleached paper
products with a prime objective of keeping prices
at no greater than the current virgin fibres.
2. Purchasing is researching converting
most photocopiers from one-sided to two-sided
copying capability plus the ability to copy from
coloured paper. Both reports are expected to be
completed by October 1991.
3. Once the waste stream analysis report
is completed by the consultants, we will be
working on their recommendations.
4. Once implementation of all of the paper
recycling program has been completed, we will
tender the sale of our waste paper in order to
maximize our return.
Investigate and recommend on issues involving automobile commuting, city and regional transportation.
Action to Date:
1. Introduction of two bus services have
offered alternatives to the automobile for moving from one campus destination to another.
The parking shuttle bus runs a scheduled service on a fixed route from 8 AM to midnight daily.
The Security bus service provides on request a
personal taxi type service, 4 PM to midnight,
from any on-campus location to another.
2. Meetings are continuing with Operations Managers from B.C. Transit to encourage
their cooperation in designating UBC a viable
market for new routing services and access to
the anticipated Sky Train link.
3. Parking and Security Setvices support
the Alma MaterSociety carpool program through
offering cut-rate parking in a preferred parking lot
to members of their program. Portable permits
forthe carpool lot will be sold starting in the Fall,
4. Along with SFU, UBC is participating in
a pilot car pool project being initiated by the B.C.
Department of Energy.
Recommendations of
the Committee:
1. Encourage irnprcvernents to existing
transportation services. As campus parting
fees rise, good alternative forms of transit wiH
gain the attention of the commuter. B.C. Transit
should be enlisted to help us meet our goals.
2. Prorrote the commercial attractiveness
of UBC to interest the entrepreneur with new
methods of transportation (trains, boats?)
3. Promotecyding by providing bikeshops,
routes, special events, and shelters.
4. Prcimotecarrjcotethroughconvenience
incentives, commuter matching setvices, and
awareness campaigns. Car pools will succeed
only if commuters receive enhanced convenience. Better parking locations and substantial
parking price cuts for the pool car, together with
emergency transportation such as motor pool
cars or taxi coupons may lure a driver from his
car. We recognize that many "single driver" cars
seen at UBC gates may have dropped passengers before arriving here.
Conversion of
UBC Vehicles
Investigate and recommend on the feasibility, economics and timing of converting UBC-
owned vehicles to clean fuels.
Actions to Date:
The sub-committee has focused on two
alternative fuels: Liquid Propane Gas and
Compressed Natural Gas. Both produce similar amounts of emission and have comparable
initial installation costs for vehicle conversion.
However, they differ greatly in range available
per fill-up, and cost of refuelling stations.
Compressed Natural Gas offers an operating
cost advantage over gasoline, but refuelling
stations requireexpensive compressor systems
to disperse the fuel. Further, the driving range is
about 75% less than gasoline resulting in productivity losses due to refuelling time required.
Liquid Propane Gas also offers an operating
cost advantage relative to gasoline; however,
the fuel isaby-product of natural gas and refinery
operations and therefore more prone to fluctua- UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
Interim Report from Task Force on Waste
Reduction, Recycling and Re-use
tions in world oil prices. Driving range is similar
to that of gasoline and re-fuelling stations are
less expensive than those for Compressed
Natural Gas.
The committee is presently exploring several
areas of consideration before recommending
an alternative fuel for UBC vehicles. These
areas are:
- incentives/available grants/funding options
- conversion considerations; establish bench
marks for suitable vehicles
- types of conversion systems available.
Pros/cons of different systems.
- CNG/LPG considerations. Compressor
station options.
- examination of research projects currently
in progress.
- economics of program
- alternative lubricating products available
- concept of providing public with alternative
fuel refilling station at UBC versus promotion of
public transit to faculty, students, and staff.
Investigate and develop energy saving programs and consider campus energy generating
Actions to Date:
1. Because of energy management
programs and projects currently underway
by the Department of Plant Operations
which basically are being carried out under
the same terms of reference as those of
the committee, there has not yet been a
need for active involvement by the committee. However, the committee is expected
to become more active at a later date when
data and results are available from those
programs and projects.
2. Energy conservation measures
have been ongoing at UBC since the late
1970's. Major programs have been undertaken to reduce and more efficiently manage energy use. Results of these programs include installation of a computer-
based building management system to
monitor and control facilities energy consumption, reduction of lighting energy use,
and reduction of steam required for building heating.
3. Currently Plant Operations has a
major project underway with the objective
of reducing electrical energy use by 10%
by the end of 1992. An engineering study
is underway and implementation of the
study recommendations is scheduled to
begin in February of 1992. Plant Operations is working closely with B.C. Hydro to
take advantage of opportunities available
under Hydro's Power Smart program.
4. A feasibility study has also been
initiated to determine whether cogeneration
is a viable option for the University. The
Department of Campus Planning and Development and Plant Operations are proceeding with this work and have had input
from B.C. Hydro and B.C. Gas.
As a result of a vigorous energy management program and government deregulation of pricing structure in the industry, the University is achieving energy cost
savings of $1.2 million per annum.
Food Services
To develop recommendations for an ecologically sound food service and strategies to
reduce food waste.
Actions to Dade:
1. Totem Park and Place Vanier Residence Cafeterias are approximately 95%
disposable free. Totem Park uses portion
pack beverages and some paper plates at
the salad bar.
2. Subway Cafeteria is approximately
95% Styrofoam free. Takeout containers
are still Styrofoam. Some product is packaged in clear plastic disposable containers. Subway Cafeteria also uses portion
pack beverages and paper plates at the
salad and fruit bar.
3. Campus Units. These units are
using almost 100% disposables. Styrofoam
cups are used, but customers may request
paper cups or have their own cups filled.
Campus units use all portion pack beverages. Styrofoam containers are used for
takeout and soup.
Some solutions to the problem of disposables are as follows:
1. In September 1991, Food Services
will offer for sale the following items:
a. a 12 ounce reusable Aladdin mug for
b. an 8 ounce reusable Aladdin mug for
c. a 12 ounce reusable soup container.
d. Plastic reusable chopsticks.
e. Reusable camp style stainless steel
Posters and tent cards have been developed to promote this venture. Also, we
hope UBC Reports and the Ubyssey will do
an article highlighting Food Service environmental concerns and action.
2. Wooden or cardboard stir sticks are
to replace plastic.
3. A portion cream dispenser has been
installed at Subway. Bulk cream dispensers have been installed in campus locations thus eliminating the need for small
plastic creamers.
4. Bulk condiment containers are also
in use at Subway and many Food Service
campus locations.
At present, Food Services cannot eliminate the use of Styrofoam in its operations.
There is much controversy regarding the
relative effects of Styrofoam and paper on
the environment. A recent study at the
University of Victoria promotes the use of
Styrofoam over paper and, closer to home,
the Vancouver Parks Board, after extensive study, decided to continue using
UBC requires disposable service in many
of its locations, but careful thought must be
given to environmental concerns when
planning new operations.
1. At present, Food Services recycles
all pop cans. These are returned to the
supplier and the deposit refunded.
2. A cardboard baler is installed in the
Student Union Building. This baler is used
by the AMS and Food Services and seems
to be operating successfully. We are presently studying the possibility of installing
balers at other large Food Service locations.
3. Recycling containers, especially for
aluminum cans, have been designed and
ordered for all locations. These containers
will aid in the collection of all pop cans on
4. All computer and office paper is
being recycled.
5. Grease from all kitchens is being
picked up regularly by a rendering company for downgraded reuse.
6. All large plastic containers from the
kitchens are being sold for recycling. These
5 gallon containers are quite in demand.
7. Recycling of glass and some plastics will await the results of the Waste
Management Study.
8. A new policy on portion drinks is
being developed. It is hoped that the use
of tetra packs will be reduced.
1. Brown paper bags have replaced
plastic at the Mini Marts and for takeout
food at all Food Service units.
2. Special attention will be given to the
purchasing of new items to ensure that
they are environmentally friendly.
3. A new vending contract is in effect
with special emphasis on environmental
It is interesting to note that Totem Cafeteria, with its new meal plan, has reduced
waste considerably.
Food waste from kitchens has yet to be
Also, the use of chemicals in Food Services has not been studied except from a safety
Agricultural and
a. To develop recommendations for
composting food, gardening and agricultural
b. To investigate the use of chemicals in
Actions to Date:
1. Identifiedneedforaproperanimalwaste
management system as most are flushed into
the sewer system.
2. Identified need to examine converting
food wastes into animal feed.
3. Identified need to quantify the amount of
food and agricultural wastes following which the
committee will consider various treatment utilization alternatives.
4. Considered the desirability of establishing a Bio-Waste Management Centre to relate
the existing R&D expertise within the University
with the current garden and tree wastes
composting operation.
Plan an ongoing educational program including the area of energy conservation.
Actions to Date:
This committee will undertake the education
of the university community when Task Force
recommendations are completed.
Waste Reduction,
Reuse, and
a. Review the current waste management
system including conducting a waste audit.
b. Develop plans for coordinating waste
reduction, reuse, and recycling.
c. Set measurable goals for waste reduction, reuse, and recycling.
Actions to Date:
1. The committee reviewed the current waste collection and disposal procedures as carried out by the Department of Plant Operations. Highlighted
in this review were a number of environmentally sound practices currently
in effect including:
a. A paper recycling program implemented by S.E.R.F. and Plant Operations which is removing a significant
percentage of paper from the waste
b. Composting of vegetative matter
for reuse on campus grounds.
c. Use of recycled motor oil by Plant
Operations vehicle fleet.
2. A consensus was reached that
because of the committee's broad mandate, it would be desirable to seek assistance from qualified consultants.
3. A detailed Request For Proposal
was prepared and eight responses re
ceived. Four of the responding firms
were invited to make presentations to
the committee. After the presentations, the committee was unanimous in
recommending that negotiations be entered into with the firm of Resource
Integration Systems Ltd. (RIS) with the
intent of engaging them to assist in the
development primarily of environmentally sound waste management procedures as well as other "greening" measures.
4. A contract with RIS has now been
signed. Students to assist in the project,
ten in total, have been interviewed,
selected, oriented, field trained, and
are now in the field defining the composition of waste in various locations. In
mid-March a waste dump audit was
undertaken. This will be followed by a
preliminary design report leading to a
full program implementation proposal
to the University in late spring.
5. The study will include building
waste audits, composition of the campus waste stream, collection procedures for recyclable materials, marketing of these materials, reduction and
reuse opportunities, and educational
and promotional strategies.
6. Following completion of the study
and approval of the recommendations,
new systems will be implemented on a
pilot basis this summer, with full implementation in September.
7. The waste management program
is currently collecting paper, carboard
and newsprint for recycling. Approximately 255 campus buildings are served
by the paper recycling program, and
expansion is continuing.
Comparison of landfill tonnages indicates an average diversion rate of 52
tonnes per month since the beginning
of the UBC Recycling Project in June
1990. This represents a cost-avoidance to the University of $32,000. The
estimated diversion is higher than the
recorded tonnage of marketed
recyclables due to:
a. increased awareness of environmental issues resulting from participation in the recycling program. This has
tended to encourage reduction/re-use
alternatives and individual recycling initiatives.
b. diversion/recycling activities that
cannot be measured accurately.
The amount of recyclables marketed
each month is approximately 32 tonnes.
This results in an average revenue of
$1,325/month, in addition to the tipping
fee cost-avoidance of $69/tonne. Revenue and cost-avoidance are expected
to increase, due to:
a. increased volume as program expansion continues.
b. educational efforts aimed at increasing paper recovery and decreasing contamination.
c. negotiation of more favourable
marketing terms based on the high volume currently achieved.
d. expected increases in tipping
fees and proposed material bans at
The three-year UBC Recycling
Project is well into Phase I (establishing paper recycling on campus). The
average monthly tonnage of marketed
recyclables has increased 350% over
the level attained during the pilot project,
and growth is continuing. In addition,
the waste management office has acted
as a resource to encourage individual
diversion initiatives within the UBC community.
Planning for Phase II of the project
will commence after completion of the
Waste Audit report and resulting administrative decisions. Until this time,
the waste management program will be
focusing on expanding service, increasing recovery, and assisting with community waste reduction initiatives. 8    UBC REPORTS September 19,1991
Rare migratory bird gets new habitat
The Fraser River Delta will continue
to be a destination in the yellow-headed
blackbird's migratory travel plans.
Construction now under way in
the area will create a home for the
large and colorful bird, which could
potentially lose its only known breeding area in coastal B.C.
The project, in the Iona Island Regional Park, is being spearheaded by
Patrick Mooney, an assistant professor in the Plant Science Department's
Landscape Architecture Program.
The site is being modelled to include habitat for other marsh nesting
songbirds, waterfowl, migratory songbirds and shorebirds.
"The yellow-headed blackbird's
only known breeding colony in coastal
B.C. will be destroyed by the proposed runway expansion at the adjacent Vancouver International Airport,"
said Mooney. "A team of consultants
and advisors, including an aquatic
ecologist, wildlife biologists, engineers, park planners and landscape
architects, have conducted ecological modelling within the proposed
site which was then designed to accommodate key species."
Working with the Vancouver Natural History Society, Mooney received
funds to restore a marsh within the
recently created Iona Island Regional
Park and to enhance the habitat potential of an adjacent fresh water pond.
"The Fraser River Delta provides
habitat for migratory birds, which is
globally significant," said Mooney.
"The Canadian Wildlife Service has
estimated that the loss of habitat in
this area could affect birds from 20
other countries and three continents."
Home for these migratory birds will
be a pond created from a flat sandfill site
adjacent to the Iona sewage treatment
plant — a site that would have eventually been colonized by weeds. Birds are
normally attracted to sewage ponds because they are ideal for nesting and
feeding. Coupled with the fact that this
area is flat and treeless, with plenty of
wide open spaces, Mooney said this was
an ideal spot to set up what he calls a
giant laboratory experiment.
"What we are doing is creating an
artificial environment — a generic
snackbar and resting place for these
migratory birds on their way from
Alaska and the Arctic Circle to South
America. We will be monitoring and
assessing our success for three years
after completion."
Gordon Smith, park planner with
the Greater Vancouver Regional District, said the project is an excellent
example of environment, recreation
and industry working hand in hand.
"People will be able to see what
happens when a project like this
comes together, " said Smith. 'The
GVRD will build a boardwalk through
the marsh and naturalists will run
tours through the area."
The GVRD will contribute more
than $145,000 to the project. Environment Canada will add almost
Berkowitz & Associates
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4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508       Home: (604) 263-5394
Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-6163. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged$14.98 for 7 lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G.S. T.) Tuesday, September 24 at noon is the deadline for
the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, October 3.
Deadline for the following edition on October 17 is noon, Tuesday,
October 7. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal
For Sale
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CLASSICAL COMPOSER SWEATSHIRTS: for the price of T-shirts until
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Mahler, Beethoven. Also Emily Carr,
V. Woolf, Picasso, J. Joyce, Einstein.
ARE YOU 65+? We want you for a
study of vision overthe lifespan! Study
is funded by BC Health and conducted by UBC researchers. Your
choice—we will visit you in your home
or you may visit us at UBC—1 /2 hour
session. We pay a $5 honorarium for
participation. Call 822-6634 and ask
for Diana Ellis.
Come to our opening session on Tuesday, October 15, 5:00 pm. Curling
followed by a Happy Hour. Beginners
andexperiencedcurlerswelcome. For
more information phone: Alex
Finlayson 738-7698 Paul Willing 224-
Interpretive Loop Boardwalk.
Limit Yellowheaded
Blackbird territory.
Shallow edge zone.
An artificial habitat will be created in the Fraser River Delta to simulate the rapidly disappearing nesting
habitats of several species of migratory birds. The area will also serve as a nature park for observation and
study ofthe habits of these birds.
$140,000. Other funding will come
from The Vancouver Natural History
Society, with a $31,500 contribution,
and the Environmental Youth Corps,
which is contributing more than
$4,400.  The project has a proposed
completion date of January, 1992.
"There exists a great need to combine our ecological understanding of
landscape with practical applications
of land management," said Mooney.
"Ultimately, we hope to learn more
about ecological principles and technical methods used in implementing
landscape restoration projects."
Advertise in UBC Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the
October 3 issue is noon, September 24.
For information, phone 822-3131
To place an ad, phone 822-6163
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