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UBC Reports May 28, 1986

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Array Today's research is shaping       I
the future for all Canadians.
UHC Reports highlights zsttme of
IJ lid's leading areas ofstrength. UBCREPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
WELCOME TO
CONVOCATION
Welcome to UBC's 1986 Congregation.
At ceremonies beginning at 9:30 a.m.
and 2:30 p.m. on May 28, 29 and 30, the
I 'niversity will confer academic degrees on
5,142 students and honorary degrees on
seven individuals who have made outstanding
contributions to public life, the private
sector or university life.
The 1986 graduating class is made up
of 4,012 students whose degrees were
awarded on May 21 and 1,130 whose
degrees were approved in the fall of 1985.
The ceremony which visitors will
witness contains echoes of customs and
traditions which had their origins nearly
1.000 years ago in the first European
universities.
The gowns, hoods and hats worn by
students and faculty members and the
degrees to be conferred are linked to the
dress and academic customs of the high
middle ages, which extended roughly
from the 11th through the 13th centuries.
All three items worn by graduates at
today's ceremony - gown, hood and, in the
case of women graduates, a mortarboard
cap - have their histories rcx>ted in the
ordinary medieval apparel worn in
bygone days.
The hood worn by graduating students,
lined with a specific color to indicate the
degree to be conferred, is all that remains
bf the real hood that was attached to the
outer medieval garment and which could
be pulled up to cover the head in cold or
inclement weather.
At UBCs graduating ceremony, all
candidates for degrees, with the
exception of Doctor of Philosophy
candidates and honorary degree recipients,
enter the War Memorial Gymnasium
wearing their hoods and carrying their
degrees, which they were handed as they
left the Student I Inion Building, where
the Congregation procession assembles.
Because the Ph.D. degree is the highest
academic degree awarded by UBC,
doctoral candidates have their hoods
placed over their shoulders after being
presented to Chancellor W. Robert
Wyman.
Similarly, honorary degree recipients
receive their h<x)ds after I iBC's President
David Strangway presents the candidate
to the Chancellor and reads a citation
which outlines the reasons for conferring
the degree.
At UBC's Congregation ceremony the
dean of each facultv', or his nominee,
presents to the Chancellor the students
who have met all the requirements for the
degree offered by that facultv'.
When the students name is read out, he
or she advances across the platform and
kneels on a padded stool in front of the
Chancellor, who taps the students on the
head with his mortarboard and says, "I
admit you."
At this point, the student has officially
graduated and entered the ranks of
Convocation, the body largely made up of
all the graduates of the I niversity, which
elects the Chancellor and some members
of Senate every three years.
Special recognition is given during the
Congregation ceremony to those students
who stand first academically in their
graduation class. When class leaders are
presented to the Chancellor, the medal
and/or prize that he or she has won is
also announced. Awards are presented by
President Strangway, who stands on the
Chancellor's left during the degree-
granting ceremony.
A special presentation is made of the
Governor-General's Gold Medal to the
head of the graduating class in the
Faculties of Arts and Science.
Rick Hansen receives degree
UBC's "Man in Motion," Rick Hansen,
will be the first paraplegic to receive an
academic degree in physical education at
spring graduation ceremonies on Thursday
morning (May 29).
Hansen, who is currently wheeling
through Japan, is now more than halfway
through a 40,073-kilometre, round-the-
world wheelchair tour to raise funds lor
spinal cord research, rehabilitation and
Rick Hansen
wheelchair sport.
The degree of Bachelor of Physical
Education will be conferred on Hansen in
absentia by UBC's chancellor, W. Robert
Wyman.
Hansen, who will be 29 in August, has
gained an international reputation as a
wheelchair athlete since he was
paralyzed from the waist down at the age
of 15 in a car accident.
He's participated in just about even'
international wheelchair athletic meet
held in the last 15 years and has 25 gold,
silver and bronze medals to show for it.
He's also been the recipient of numerous
awards. He was named National Disabled
Athlete of the Year in 1979, 1980 and
1982. In 1983 he shared with hockey
great Wayne Gretzky the prestigious Lou
Marsh Trophy xs Canada's outstanding
athlete of the year. And just this month he
was named the winner of the Champion
of Champions Award, which has been
renamed for John K Bassett, the Toronto
sportsman who died recently
Hansen is due back in North America
in the early summer to begin the last leg of
his man-in-motion world tour. From
Miami, he'll wheel north to Maine and then
cross Canada from Newfoundland to
Vancouver.
To date, the tour has raised just over SI
million. Donations can be made the the
Man in Motion Fund and sent to P.O. Box
13 1.32, Vancouver. V6B 4W6
^
Congregation
Schedule
Here's a clay-byHlay schedule for UBC's l'JH6 Congregation, listing the bonomry and
academic degrees to be conferred at ceremonies beginning at 9:.i0 a.m. and J:JO p.m.
each day in the War Memorial Gymnasium.     Eitryone attending Congregation is
imitedfor coffee, tea and refreshments immediately follouing each ceremony on the
plaza adjacent to the Student Union Building. In inclement weather the reception uill
he held inside the Student Union Building.
Wednesday, May 28
9:30 A.M. - The honorary degree of Doctor of I.aws (LI. D) will be conferred on
Vancouver businessmen and philanthropist Joseph Cohen. The following academic
degrees will be conferred in the disciplines of Agricultural Sciences, Engineering.
Forestry, Architecture, Community and Regional Planning and Interdisciplinary Studies:
Ph.D., M.A., M.Sc, M.A.Sc, M.Eng, M.F. MAS A.. M.Arch.. B.Sc.(Agr). B.I..A. B.A.Sc. B.S.F..
B.Sc. (Forestry). B.Arch. Congregation speaker- Mr. Joseph Cohen. Valedictorian - Mr.
Nelson Borch. Faculty of Applied Science.
2:30 P.M - The honorary degree of Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) will be conferred on
world-renowned chemist Jack Halpern. Academic degrees to be conferred in the field of
Science are: Ph.D., M.Sc and B.Sc Congregation speaker- Dr Jack Halpern.
Valedictorian - Mr. Michael Purdon. Faculty of Science.
Thursday, May 29
9:30 A.M. - 'Hie honorary degree of Doctor of hiws (LED.) will be conferred on former
Bishop of Prince George John Fergus O'Grady. Hie following academic degrees will be
conferred in the discipline of Education: Ph.D.. DMA.. M.A.. M.Ed.. M.P.E..
B.Ed. - Elementary, B.Ed. - Secondary. B.Ed. - Special Education. B.P.E.. B.R.E, Diplomas in
Education. Congregation speaker- Bishop John Fergus O'Grady. Valedictorian- Ms.
liiuri MacDougall. Faculty of Education.
2:30 PM. - "ITie honorary degree of Doctor of Letters ( D.l.itt.) will be conferred on
internationally-known Maestro Kazuyoshi Akiyama and an honorarv Doctor of Laws
( LL.D.) degree will be conferred on anthropologist Audrey Hawthorn. Academic
degrees will be conferred in the disciplines of Arts. Music and Library. Archival and
Information Studies: Ph.D., DMA.. M.A., M.Sc. M.F.A.. M.Mus., MLS, MAS.. B.A.. B.FA..
B. Mus., Diplomas in Applied Linguistics, Art History, Film/Television Studies, French
Translation, German Translation. Congregation speaker- Maestro Kazuyoshi Akiyama.
Valedictorian - Chen I Battv, Facultv of Arts.
Friday, May 30
9:30 A.M. - An honorary Doctor of Laws (LED.) degree will be conferred on former
Prime Minister the Rt. Hon. Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Academic degrees will he conferred in
the following disciplines - Dental Science, Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Audiology and Speech Sciences, Family and Nutritional Sciences. Nursing. Rehabilitation
Medicine and Social Work: Ph.D., MA, M.Sc, M.H.Sc, MSN, M.S.W.. D.M.D . M D.
B.M.I..Sc, B.S.N., B.Sc. (Pharm.), B.Sc. (OT), B.Sc. (P.T.) B.H.E.. B.S.W., Diplomas in Dental
Hygiene and Periodontics. Congregation speaker-The Rt. Hon. Nathaniel Nemetz.
Chief Justice of British Columbia. Valedictorian - Andrew Clarke, Faculty of Medicine.
2:30 P.M. - The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) will Ix* conferred on the Rt.
Lion. Robert George "Brian" Dickson, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Academic degrees will be conferred in the areas of Commerce and Business
Administration and Law: Ph.D., M.Sc. (Bus. Admin). M.B.A.. I.L.M., B.Com., Lic.Acct.. LL.B
Congregation speaker - The Rt. Hon. Brian Dickson. Valedictorian- Moira Barr, Facultv
of Commerce.
Double honors student wins medal
The student who has topped the 1986
graduating class in the Faculty of Arts
is contemplating a number of offers to
undertake graduate work while he whiles
away the sumnmer working in a lumber
mill'.
Twenty-two-year old Robert F. Marsh,
winner of the University of B.C. Medal tor
Arts, graduates with double honors in
political science and philosophy and a
first-class average of nearly 88.5 per cent.
Marsh was "an absolutely delightful
student" to tutor, according to Dr.
Howard Jackson of the Department of
Philosophy, who says he never suspected
that the person he was dealing with was
also a top student in political science.
Talking to Marsh. Dr. Jackson added, was
really like dealing with a colleague, "a
young colleague, one who makes mistakes,
but certainly not the uphill work that it
can sometimes be. He's a mature young
man with a wide range of interests."
Robert Marsh hasn't yet made a firm
decision about where he'll enrol for
graduate work in political philosophy  He's
waiting to hear from Cambridge
University in England. The London School
of Economics and the University of
California at Berkeley are also possibilities.
He says his graduate work will
probably be an extension of a topic that
neatlv combines his two academic
disciplines and which has interested him as
an undergraduate - individual responsibility
and the provision of welfare by the state.
Marsh, who has lived in Richmond
since the age of two and is a graduate of
senior secondary schools in Steveston and
Richmond, takes part in sports when he-
wants a bit of rest and relaxation.
He says he didn't find the double honors
program he was enrolled in particularly
onerous even though it involves more units
of work than a majors program. "It was a
fun program." is the way he puts it. "I
really enjoyed it." C0N6fSfi/mON 1981
IIBC REPORTS
MAY 28,1986
A message from President Strangway
It gives me great pleasure to extend to
each of you a warm welcome to the
campus of The University of British
Columbia for the annual conferring of
honorary and academic degrees. Like most
university graduates, you will look back
on this day as one of the significant
milestones in your life. The University
itself regards this day as one of the most
significant of the academic year.
This is, of course, a day of celebration
for graduates and their spouses, parents
-   and friends. For those who receive their
degrees today, this ceremony symbolizes
the completion of many years of
intellectual struggle to master a body of
knowledge in the discipline of your
choice. The justifiable pride in your
accomplishments by family and friends
{*   reflects the support of every kind that has
been given to you during your years as a
student.
I hope that when the celebrations are
over you will take a moment to reflect on
why you decided to pursue a higher
education, why you chose I iBC as the
place to pursue it and what you have
derived from that experience. Since I am a
"new boy" here, having become
president only last November, it might be
useful if I told you why I decided to come-
to the west coast.
First and foremost, my decision to
come to UBC was rooted in the fact thai
this 1 'niversity is one of the major
academic centres of Canada, noted for the
qualitv of its faculty and students as well
as for its academic programs. The
credential vou receive today will be
recognized everywhere as one that reflects
the high standards which I IBC- expects of
the students it admits. My perception of
UBC as a centre of excellence in
Canadian higher education has been
confirmed since I arrived here I have
found many areas of strength that remind
me that the University has a strong
academic reputation today and which will
continue in the future.
Hie concern within the University about
excellence has been a hallmark of I IBC
since the days of the first president, Frank
Wesbrook. In recent years it has become
clear that our economy will not continue-
to expand at an ever-increasing rate and
that growth is no longer a primary
objective of society. This is causing us to
reexamine ourselves and to ensure that the
commitment to quality remains central.
One of the difficulties for universities is
to provide measures of our
accomplishments, since our successes
cannot be set out in the balance-sheet
terms familiar in the business world.
Universities measure their success in
terms of opportunities they create for
young people to prepare for rewarding
careers, in terms of the understanding and
preservation of our culture and heritage
and in terms of the long-range research
and development they carry out.
Our bottom-line criteria are those
associated with quality, and excellence
must be our measuring device.
There are some specific and measure-able
things we can point to. however. Every day.
more than 40,000 people come to the
campus to learn, teach, work, volunteer,
enjoy or sample the riches of the second
largest university library in Canada. At least
an equal number benefit from continuing
education programs.
Our annual expenditures are about
S360 million Some $60 million of this
comes each year from granting agencies,
industry, foundations and other sources
which provide funding on a competitive
basis. The tact that funds of that magnitude
are awarded to UBC is yet another
measure of the success of this l'niversitv.
We have just lx-gun to identify and
measure the impact of those companies
that have evolved as a direct result of
research done at UBC. So far we have
compiled a list of 53 companies with
estimated annual revenues of S87.5 million
directly employing 1.600 British
Columbians.
UBC looks forward to expanding areas
of strength in many arc;is - computer
systems, biotechnology. Pacific Rim
studies, international business, forestry and
links with cultural industries, to mention
just a tew. Our ability to do first-rate work
in those and other fields is dependent on
a solid infrastructure that provides people,
seniles and facilities.
One task I have concentrated on since-
coming to UBC is drafting a mission
statement as part of an assessment of the
University's role in higher education in
B.C. Whatever the precise final form of this
statement we must ensure that we hold
fast to our commitment to excellence and
that we continue to have enough
flexibility to allow us to play our role in
the development of educational and
research opportunities for all who can
benefit from them.
Earlier, I suggested that you take a
moment to reflect on why you decided to
go to university, why you chose I IBC and
what you derived from it. I hope you
decided to go to university to satisfy your
curiosity and that you chose I 'BC
because you perceived it to be. as I did. an
institution noted for its faculty and its
academic programs In any event. I hope-
that as you leave here, you leave with a
sense that there is always more to learn
and that you have developed a passion tor
enquiry
Finally, each of you receiving a degree-
today can take pride in the fact that you arc-
about to graduate from UBC. You will
President David Strangway
find your fellow graduates in leadership
positions in all jxirts of the country. I have-
no doubt that this I 'nivcrsitv will continue
to have a major impact on the economic,
professional and cultural life of Canada  1
can think of no better reason tor asking
for your continuing support to ensure that
we can maintain anil strengthen the best
of what we have to offer for our future
students.
1 wish you Godspeed and good luck in
the years ahead.
UBC pays tribute to seven outstanding individuals
Joseph Cohen Jack Halpern
J. Fergus
O'Grady
Kazuyoshi
Akiyama
Audrey Hawthorn       Pierre Thideau
Brian Dickson
The L'niversity of British Columbia will
confer honorary degrees on seven
people who have made outstanding
contributions in the artistic, business,
legal, religious and academic worlds
during its three-day spring congregation
May 28-30.
UBC's Chancellor, W. Robert Wyman,
will confer the degrees following the
reading of citations by President David
Strangway. The degrees are awarded by
the Senate of the University on the
recommendation of its Tributes Committee
In addition to the seven honorary
degrees, a total of 5,142 students will
receive academic degrees awarded in the
fall of 1985 and at the May meeting of
Senate.
Vancouver businessman Joseph H.
Cohen, widely known for his community
service contributions in Vancouver, will
receive the honorary degree of Doctor of
1 »s (LL.D.) at the first of six
degree-granting ceremonies on Wednesday.
May 28. beginning at 9:30 a.m.
Born in Winnipeg and a Vancouver
resilient since 1945, Mr. Cohen has
combined a successful business career
with fund-raising and other leadership
roles on behalf of many organizations,
including the Boy Scouts of Canada, the
YMCA, the Variety Club. St. Vincent's
Hospital, the Vancouver Symphony,
Vancouver College, the Justice Institute of
B.C. and UBC.
The honorary degree of Doctor of
Science (D.Sc.) will be conferred on Dr.
Jack Halpern, an internationally known
chemist, at the May 28 afternoon
ceremony beginning at 2:30 p.m.
Dr. Halpern, who taught at I IBC from
1950 to 1962, has been honored in the past
for his contributions to inorganic,
bioinorganic and organometallic chemistry
He has held teaching positions at Britain's
Cambridge I Iniversity, at Harvard and
Princeton t Iniversities and the California
Institute of Technology in the U.S. and is
currently associated with a major research
institute in West Germany.
The honorary degree of Doctor of Ijws
(LED.) will he conferred on J. Fergus
O'Grady, Bishop of Prince George
and a religious leader widely known for
his educational activities, particularly
within native Indian communities.
Bishop O'Grady. who will be honored at
the 9:30 am. ceremony on May 29. was
ordained a priest in 1934 and shortly after
began his work in B.C He administered
Indian schools in Mission and Kamloops
and developed the first high school for
native Indians.
The 2:30 p.m. ceremony on May 29
will see two individuals honored -
internationally acclaimed conductor
Kazuyoshi Akiyama, conductor of the
Vancouver Symphony from I972 to 1985,
and Audrey Hawthorn, one of the key
figures in the creation of UBC's Museum
of Anthropology and a faculty member
from 1947 until her retirement in 1982.
Mr. Akiyama. currently conductor of the
Tokyo Symphony and principal guest
conductor of the Osaka Philharmonic, has
conducted orchestras in major American
centres - New York, Boston, Cleveland and
San Francisco - and abroad, including
London's Royal Philharmonic, the Berlin
Radio Symphony and the Symphony
Orchestra of Brazil. He wil receive the
honorary degree of Doctor of Literature
(D.I.itt.)
Prof. Audrey Hawthorn, in addition to
playing a major role in building the
outstanding collection of Northwest
Coast Indian artifacts housed in UBC's
Anthropology Museum, also pioneered
the creation of museum training courses in
Canada, assisted in the development of a
number of community museums in B.C.
and played a leading role in the formation
of the B.C. Museum Association The
honorary degree of Doctor of Uiws
(LED.) will be conferred on Prof
Hawthorn.
The former prime minister of Canada,
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, will receive the
honorary degree of Doctor of Uiws ( LED.)
at the 9:30 a.m. ceremony on May 30, the
final day of the UBC awards ceremony.
Mr. Trudeau will be honored for his
contributions to the Canadian scene as a
lawyer specializing in labor law and civil
liberties cases: as a teacher of law at the
University of Montreal specializing in
constitutional law and civil liberties; and as
a member of the House of Commons
from 1965 and leader of the Liberal Party
tor 18 years from 1968 to 198r. during
which period he was also Prime Minister,
except tor the period June, 1979 to
February, 1980.
Hie honorary degree of Doctor of 1 jws
(LED) will be conferred on the Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Hon. R.G. Brian Dickson, at the 2:30 p.m.
Congregation ceremony on May 30
After 23 years in private practice, during
which he also lectured at the University
of Manitoba, Mr. Dickson was appointed in
1963 to the Manitoba Court of Queen's
Bench and four years later to the Manitoba
Court of Appeal. His elevation to the
Supreme Court of Canada took place in
1973. I'BC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
Enrolment controls set
to preserve excellence
The defence of educational quality at
the University of B.C. is reflected in the
recent decisions by its two main governing
bodies, the Senate and Board of
Governors, to approve recommendations
from its two largest faculties to control
new enrolments.
Prof. Daniel Birch, UBC's vice-
president academic, said the intent of the
enrolment-control regulations is to
provide the best possible educational
experience for those students whose
records indicated they were suited to
university-level studies.
The enrolment-control motions provide
for the admission of a maximum of 1,500
first-year students into the Bachelor of Arts
program and 1,400 into the first year of
the Bachelor of Science program in the
1986-87 academic year beginning in
September.
A second Faculty of Arts motion limits
to 750 the number of students from other
colleges and universities who will be able
to transfer into the second and third years
of the Bachelor of Arts program in
September.
These figures compare with 1,484
first-year admissions in Arts and 1,312
first-year admissions in Science and 749
transfers into Arts from universities and
colleges last year. The aim of the
enrolment-control motions is to stabilize
enrolments in the two faculties at
approximately current levels.
Prof. Birch said that if the University is
committed to excellence and quality-
education, "we have to be certain about
the upper limit on the numbers we can
accommodate in each of these basic-
faculties."
There is no doubt in the minds of the
deans who head the Faculties of Arts and
Science, where the enrolment-control
motions originated, about the need for
controls.
The enrolment control of 1,400 first-year
students in the Faculty of Science is
"simply an insurance policy against
unmitigated disaster.'' according to Dean
Robert Miller, whose faculty has lost about
30 teaching positions to retrenchment in
recent years.
"There is an absolute limit to the
number of people we can handle," he
said, "because of space limitations, the
availability of teaching assistants and
laboratory supervisors and the resources to
purchase equipment and supplies, which
have been escalating in cost at a far higher
rate than the Consumer Price Index."
His concern about educational quality is
echoed by the head of the Faculty of Arts,
IX-an Robert M. Will, who said unlimited
enrolment is "a sure-fire guarantee of a
decline in the quality of UBC's arts
program."
The arithmetic of the problem in Arts is
simple - over the past five years, while
student numbers have increased by nearly
nine per cent, the number of faculty
members employed on a full-time
equivalant basis has declined by 10.6 per
cent or 63 people.
One of the problems his faculty faces is
shifting student preferences in what they
want to study. Today's pressure points.
Dean Will said, are areas such as
economics, psychology and Japanese and
Chinese language training.
Dean Will said the criticism levelled at
the I Iniversity by regional colleges in
reaction to the control of transfer
students is understandable, since it
probably means that in the future college
students who have had fairly unrestricted
access to I'BC will not in every case get
in if they meet present minimum standards
for admission.
'nie impact on college transfers. Dean
Will said, is likely to be minimal in
1986-87 and in the short run The impact
can be lessened in the longer run if
students remain at the colleges for two
years instead of the one year the majority
now elect.
There is no lack of unanimity on the
part of all three of these UBC administrators
about how excellence is measured at
UBC.
A key objective of enrolment limitations set by UBC is to preserve the one-on-one
teacher and student relationship that is critical to any successful university.
Pictured above are Dr. Michael Blades of UBC's Chemistry Department and
graduate students working under his direction. Close student-teacher contact is
particularly important at the graduate level of study.
Vice-president Birch puts it this way:
"Excellence means we have the capacity to
do scholarly work of the very best quality
in the fields that are represented at I IBC
"What flows from that is the
enhancement of the quality of undergraduate
education by outstanding scholars who
bring to the classroom the discoveries
made in their own and other laboratories
or by keeping abreast of new knowledge-
through library resources. Research and
teaching are really obverse sides of the
same coin."
He adds: "One measure of excellence
lies in the very fact that we are under
pressure to admit ever increasing numbers
of students. I think it's safe to say that we
would be very disappointed if demand
didn't exceed our capacity"
Dean Miller said the fact that UBC
receives some S60 million annually in
research grants anil does 80 per cent of the
research carried out in B.C. reflects the
tact that I BC is perceived by the national
bodies that make the grants as a centre of
excellence in a variety of fields.
I It- adds: "If I BC standards are dilute il
through uncontrolled enrolment, it does
not mean that another Canadian
university will overtake and pass us as a
centre of excellence. It means that a
centre of excellence will simply disappear
from the Canadian scene. I can't believe
that Canadians in general and British
Columbians in particular are prepared to
let that happen."
Congratulations to UBC's top students for 1986
HEADS OF GRADUATING CLASSES
(from Vancouver unless otherwise noted)
Association of Professional Engineers
Proficiency Prize, S500 (most outstanding
record in the graduating class of Applied
Science. B.A.Sc degree): Jonathan Bruce
Hacker.
Helen L. Balfour Prize, S850 (I lead of
the Graduating Class in Nursing, B.S.N,
degree): Susanna lane I.inthwaite (Delta.
B.C.).
British Columbia Recreation and Parks
Association, Professional Development
Branch Prize ( Head of the Graduating
Class in Recreation, BRE. degree): Linda
Sharon Scratchlcy.
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize (Head of the
Graduating Class in Education, Elementan-
Teaching field, B.Ed, degree): Caroline
l.ouise Adderson (Alberta).
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize ( Head of the Graduating
Class in Education, Secondary  Teaching
field. B Ed. degree): Stephen M. Gorbv
(Victoria. B.C.).
Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarianship
( Head of the Graduating Class in
librarianship. MLS. degree): Jane Marie
Knight.
College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal ( Head of the
Graduating Class in Dentistry, D.M.D.
degree): Stephen Robert Crowley (West
Vancouver, B.C.).
College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal in Dental
Hygiene (leading student in the Dental
Hygiene program): Mania Karen Lerner.
Professor C.F.A. Culling-Bachelor of
Medical Laboratory Science Prize. $250
(greatest overall academic excellence in
the graduating class of the Bachelor of
Medical laboratory Science degree):
Carmen Maria Pavan (Quebec).
Dr. Brock Fahrni Prize in Occupational
Therapy, SI50 (Head of the Graduating
Class in Rehabilitation Medicine,
Occupational Therapy, B.S.R. OT degree):
Susan Christine Filek (Summerland, B.C.).
Dr. Brock Fahrni Prize in Physiotherapy.
S 150 (Head of the Graduating Class in
Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapv,
B.S.R. P.T. degree): Alison Maria Hoens.
Governor-General's Gold Medal (Head
of the Graduating Classes in the Faculties
of Arts and Science. B.A. and B.Sc
ilegrees): Raymond iak-Yan Ng (Surrey,
B.C.). Faculty of Science.
Hamber Medal (Head of the Graduating
Class in Medicine. M.I), degree, best
cumulative record in all years of course):
Haney Lui.
Horner Prize and Medal for
Pharmaceutical Sciences, $300 ( Head of
the Graduating Class in Pharmaceutical
Sciences. B.Sc.Pharm. degree): Kuhina
Abdul Alladina (Richmond. B.C.).
Kiwanis Club Medal ( Head of the
Graduating Class in Commerce and
Business Administration, B.Com. degree):
Shelagh Elizabeth McU-od (West Vancouver,
B.C.).
Law Society Gold Medal and Prize
(call and admission fee) (Heail of the
Graduating Class in I .aw, I.L.B degree):
Richard John Harold Berrow (Richmond,
B.C.).
H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry, $350
(Head of the Graduating Class in Forestry,
B.S.F. degree): Catherine Anne Bealle.
Dr. John Wesley Neill Medal and
Prize (Head of the Graduating Class in
Landscape Architecture, B.I..A. degree):
Sukhpal Singh Sangha (Burnaby, B.C.).
Physical Education and Recreation
Faculty Prize in Physical Education.
S100 (Head of the Graduating Class in
Physical Education. BPE. degree): Kara
Lynn Moroz (West Vancouver. B.C.).
Royal Architecture Institute of Canada
Medal (graduating student with the
highest standing in the School of
Architecture): James Keith Nicholls
(Alberta).
Wilfrid Sadler Memorial Gold Medal
(Head of the Graduating (lass in
Agricultural Sciences. B.Sc.Agr. degree):
Kathv Vandalcn ( Burnaby. B.C.).
Special University Prize. S200 ( Head of
the Graduating Class in Special Education.
B.Eil. degree): Sacha Kenward Innes
(Alberta).
Special University Prize, S200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Fine Arts. B.F.A.
degree): Paul Adolf Skutshek (Kelowna.
B.C.).
Special University Prize, $200 ( Head of
the Graduating Class in Family and
Nutritional Sciences. B.H.E. degree): Jane
Kathryn Little.
Special University Prize. S200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Music. B.Mus.
degree): Eric Grant Hannan ( North
Vancouver. B.C.).
University of B.C. Medal for Arts and
Science (proficiency in the graduating
classes in the Faculties of Arts and
Science. B.A. and B.Sc degrees): Robert
Frederick Marsh (Richmond. B.C.).
Facultv of Arts.
^ ♦
UBCREPORTS
MAY 28,1986
Expo gets a helping hand from UBC
In the basement of UBC's Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building, a team
of 20 students is working feverishly on
their entry tor the Innovative Vehicle
Design Competition, an international Expo
86 special event organized hy UBC
engineering students.
Meanwhile, students and staff at the
I IBC Museum of Anthropology are still
involved in work related to eleven Expo
pavilions they helped design and install for
the world's fair. In yet another area of
campus Dr. Trevor Heaver, director of the
University's Centre tor Transportation
Studies last week closed his files on the
very successful Fourth World Conference
on Transport Research, which was held in
conjunction with Expo.
UBC's substantial contributions to the
1986 world exposition often resemble a
rclav team. When one group's project is
finished, another is just beginning.
1 'BC's involvement in Expo 86 is as
varied as the many departments and units
that make up the University. One of the
most interesting projects organized by
UBC tor Expo is the Innovative Vehicle
Design Competition, which runs from
July 1 1 to 18.
The ten teams competing in the
vehicle design competition come from
California State University, Fresno;
Western Washington University: Mankato
State I Iniversity-; Switzerland's Institute of
Transport and Traffic Engineering; Masashi
Institute of Technology. Japan; Nippon
Institute of Technology, Japan; the
University of Sherbrooke, Queens'
I Iniversity; and the University of B.C.
Contest rules stipulate that vehicles
must be able to carry two people and to
travel on existing roadways. They must
have storage space for at least three
shopping bags and have at least three-
wheels. Vehicles must also achieve a speed
of 65 kilometres an hour.
Vehicles will be judged in five
categories - performance, functionality,
safety, energy- efficiency and innovation.
Fifty per cent of the final score in the
competition will be based on innovation.
Bruce Hodgins, a mechanical engineering
student who graduates this week,
coordinated the team working on the
t IBC entry. "We've been working on this
project tor two years now and it's been
exciting to put our ideas together and
work as a team. We've come up with a
light, aerodynamic vehicle with a dual fuel
engine and a regenerative system to
employ normally-wasted braking energy "
Hodgins adds that the vehicle will also
have a microprocessor to monitor engine
and suspension functions.
Expo 86 is offering endowed university
scholarships worth a total of 8250,000 to
the top tour schools in the competition.
Among the nine highly qualified judges
will be Ted Robertson, director of
Canadian Engineering. General Motors of
Canada. Ltd., Tony Rudd, managing
director of Lotus Engineering Ltd. and
Kazuo Moroshoshi of ibvota Motor
Corporation, Japan.
A special key-turning ceremony is
planned for the first week of July to
honor the more than one hundred
sponsors who contributed parts for the
vehicle. If you'd like a sneak peek at the
UBC entry, call 228-2809 tor details.
Testing of the vehicles will take place on
campus beginning July 1 1, and the
entries will be seen on parade and on
display at Expo on July 1-t.
Staff and students at UBC's Museum of
Anthropology have made a major
contribution to the installation of Expo 86
pavilions. For example, tucked away in
the shadow of B.C. Place just west of the
B.C. pavilion, lies the peach-colored
South Pacific Island Pavilion. Its interior is
structured as "an abstraction of a
collection of villages," says Herb Watso
the Museum of Anthropology designer
who was responsible for the design and
hiring of staff for the pavilion.
For five weeks Watson travelled the
South Pacific Islands, including Papua
New Guinea, Western Samoa, Fiji, Tonga,
the Cook and Solomon Islands and the
republics of Nauru and Vanatu to gather
artifacts for the Expo display.
Another Museum of Anthropology
designer. Bill McLennan, was on loan to
the Expo Corporation as a designer and
registrar for 18 months. One of his
accomplishments was to track down the
transportation vehicles tor the I.and Plaza,
the boats for the Marine Plaza and the
planes for the Aviation Plaza.
Working on the pavilions has provided
UBC museum students with first-rate
training, says McLennan. "It's one thing to
have textbook experience, but it's
another thing for students to actually be
involved in real-life work situations,
particularly those as exciting as the Expo
projects."
Among the pavilions that staff and
students at tin- museum contributed to
were the Canada and B.C. Pavilions, the
Folklife Pavilion, the Pakistan Pavilion, the
Kenya Pavilion, the Northwest Territories
Pavilion, the Costa Rica Pavilion and the
Expo 86 'ITicme Pavilion.
Geoffrey Smedley and Richard Prince,
professors in UBCs Fine Arts Department,
have also made artistic contributions to
Expo 86. Both were commissioned to
create sculptures for the Expo site
Mr. Smedley's sculpture. The Rmvingbridge.
stands at the West Gate Plaza of Expo.
The sculpture combines the image of the
Japanese Tori, or ceremonial arch, with
the skeleton of a stylized boat. The boat's
20 oars move at approximately three
cycles per minute at the same angle as that
of the earth to its orbit. The geometry of
the design is taken from Plato's dialogue
Timaeus.
A Miracle Play - The Alchemy of
Invention is the title of the work created
by Richard Prince. The sculpture, which is
located at the Canada Pavilion, is an
assemblage sculpture which represents the
theme of "invention in Canada". Mr.
Prince uses the image of alchemy, the
medieval chemistry that attempted to
turn base metals into gold, to represent the
imagination and creative potential of
Canadians.
I IBC professors are also taking time to
ensure that British Columbians get the
most out of their visits to Expo pavilions.
For example. Prof Hanna Kassis of I IBCs
Religious Studies Department has travelled
throughout the province, from the lower
Mainland to centres such as Kamloops
and Prince George, to give free lectures on
the life and times of Ramses II. His
lectures are designed to give Expo visitors
a better understanding and appreciation
of the Egyptian monarch who is featured in
one of the fair's most popular pavilions.
UBC has also planned many on-campus
special events during llx/xifor visitors to
B.C. and local residents alike.
Tlte Museum of Anthropology is
slxmsoring several major exhibits
throughout the summer, including  "Hands
of Our Ancestors: The Revival of Salish
Weaving at Musqueam ",   "Jack Shadbolt
and the Coastal Indian Image",  "BUI
Reid: Beyond the Essential Form " and
"Cowichan Indian Knitting."
UBC's Asian Centre is sponsoring tlziree
special exhibits this summer, and in
September the De/xirtment of Theatre will
fnvsent an evening of sketches, readings
and other entertainment by famous UBC
graduates.
^
Mechanical Engineering student Bruce Hodgins, front, is coordinating the team
of UBC engineers responsible for UBC's entry in Expo's Innovative Vehicle Design
Competition. The vehicle, shown above in its in "shell" form, will be compete
with nine other entries front around the world. Vehicles will be judged on
performance, functionality, safety, energy efficiency and innovation.
Raymond Tak-Yan Ng
Computer whiz wins
1986 Gold Medal
Raymond Tak-Y'an Ng is, it appears,
unique.
Administrators responsible tor UBC's
annual graduation ceremony cannot
recall that the Governor-General's Gold
Medal has ever before lieen awarded to a
transfer student who has been at the
University for less than two years.
Raymond Ng is a 22-year-old landed
immigrant from Hong Kong who will
receive the gold medal Wednesday
afternoon (May 28) as head of the
graduating classes in the Faculties of Arts
and Science.
Raymond will graduate with a 94   per
cent average from the Department of
Computer Science, where he is regarded as
"self-motivated, conscientious and the
best teaching assistant I've ever had.'by
Prof. James Varah, the head of the
department.
Usually, Dr. Varah adds, transfer
students take a year or more to make the
adjustment to the environment at a new
university   "Raymond is one of those
mature and exceptional students who
pop up once every few years and sail
through with a minimum of supemsion."
Raymond did two years of academic-
work at the I iniversity of I long Kong
before applying to seven universities in
Canada tor admission
I le says he found the academic work at
UBC "tougher than 1 expected. But hard
work here in Canada means better marks,
which is not always the case in Hong
Kong."
ilie Hong Kong university is modelled
on the British system, which puts
enormous pressure on students because
course marks depend almost entirelv on a
single, final examination, he explains.
Raymond is  interested in sports
and for rest and relaxation plays soccer,
badminton and table tennis, either with
friends or with casual pickup teams in
Computer Science.
He's been the recipient at UBC of
numerous scholarships and awards, iliis
summer he holds an undergraduate
summer scholarship awarded by the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council, one of the three major federal
granting agencies that makes grants to
universities for research
Until the end of July, when he leaves tor
the University of Waterloo to take up
graduate work leading to a Master of
Science degree, Raymond will spend his
time in the computer science department
debugging a program that will enable two
different computer systems to understand
each other. I'BC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
Two of the driving forces behind the development of Industry-Liaison at the
University of B.C. are Dr. Jantes Murray, left, UBC's director of
University- Industry Liaison and Dr. Peter Larkin, UBC's vice-president for
research.
Russ Fraser praises universities
Speaking in the Legislature on April 15th.
1986, the Hon. Russ Fraser.
Minister of Post-Secondary Education, told
the House that he has confidence in the
UBC attracts
research funds
Pure and applied research at UBC has
become a "growth industry" that is
increasing at an impressive rate. Over the
past five years or so, UBC research
funding has doubled and in the past
decade the rate of increase has been of
the order of 225 per cent.
This year, UBC researchers will receive
nearly $60 million from national and
government agencies, North American
businesses and foundations and individuals,
making it the number two centre in all of
Canada for scholarly work in the sciences
and the humanities.
Grants from the Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
to UBC now total close to $20 million.
Only the University of Toronto at $30
million gets more than UBC.
Looked at in another way, however,
NSERC awards to UBC researchers are the
highest in the country in terms of the
average award based on the number of
applicants. In short, UBC's overall success
rate in obtaining NSERC research grants is
the highest in Canada.
UBC is a member of the Big Three when
it comes to grants for research funded by
the Medical Research Council of Canada
(MRC). In 1984-85 (the last year for
which figures are available) UBC was
awarded nearly $12.2 million by MRC.
Only McGill and the University of Toronto
got more.
Nearly $2 million reaches UBC annually
from the Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council (SSHRC). In the current
year, 24 UBC faculty members were
awarded SSHRC' leave fellowships, again
making it second in Canada to Toronto,
where 37 were awarded.
Looked at solely in provincial terms,
UBC receives 80 per cent of the research
money that comes from outside agencies.
♦-
province's universities.
"I have visited a number of campuses
and universities in our svstem and can
assure you that it is the most vital and
important system in our economic
renewal drive in the province of British
Columbia."
Ine minister made special mention of
the distinguished senile universities have
provided to the province.
"They will continue to make significant
contributions to the educational and social
culture and the economic well-being of
B.C.
Mr. Fraser singled out the success of
some of I IBC's spin-off com|->anies whiIt-
remarking on the economic impact they
are making.
"line universities are also contributing
to the economy with their spin-oft from
basic research, we can look at two or
three B.C.. companies that are doing
extraordinarily well that actually were
probably born in the labs of the university:
MacDonald Dettwilcr. which does
satellite mapping and other things, a
company now doing about S35 million
worth of business a year: Mobile Data,
which started there, now does some S id
million worth and has about 60 percent of
the international market in data
movement - quite remarkable: Moli Energy,
a new battery company in B.C. which, of
course, was spawned in the university-
atmosphere: and Vortek Industries.
"A number of spectacular opportunities
which are indicating that we can do il
here and that what we really want to do is
get into a business here which can lead
us to develop projects that we can ship
anvwhere.. High value, low weight - that
means you can build them anywhere.
Special accolades were reserved for the
accomplishments of I IBC's University-
Industry Liaison Program
'"Hie I 'niversity of British Columbia's
Industry Liaison Office .... expects that in
1986 it will increase its revenue from
royalties and licences to SI million, a
dramatic increase from S 10,000 in 198 I.
We expect universities to benefit
enormously from this in the future, and. of
course, that makes it easier for the
taxpayers and probably easier for the
students "
UBC EXPERTISE
BOOSTS ECONOMY
UBC is an important provincial
resource. Hie expertise of faculty and
staff, the Library and computing facilities
the Botanical Garden and museum
collections all contribute to the cultural,
historical, scientific and technical
richness of British Columbia
In keeping with its role as a resource tor
all British Columbians, the 1 niversity has
always responded to requests from the
public Whether from business and
industry, the media, or requests from
individuals, experts have been available
for information and comment. Traditionally,
this has been the most familiar aspect of
UBC's relationship with the community. In
recent years, however, there has been a
new kind of outreach resulting from
research activity on the campus.
New companies are being started up
with know-how gained from research
being conducted on the I 'BC campus.
These companies are producing new
products and offering services which
translate directly to job creation and an
improved economy.
In 1985 alone, S87.7 million worth of
business was generated by companies
which were started up as spin-offs from
UBC. So tar. I BC has identified 52
companies which it can claim as
spin-offs - businesses which have
contributed almost 2.500 direct and
indirect jobs
Creating companies this way - taking the
results of research and making them
commercially available as a product,
process or senile - is called "technology
transfer"  Normally this is accomplished
through one of two routes - practicing
what has been learned through course-
work and research (such as operating as
a consultant, developing specialized
products or refining an existing process)
or by licencing patented technology or
know-how from the 1 nivcrsitv.
UBC recognizes the importance of its
relationship with industry. The Office of
Research Senices and Industry Liaison was
created by the University to act as a
catalyst in encouraging technology transfer
and to promote collaborative research
with the private sector.
Over the (last year. UBC entered into
research agreements with 216 provincial,
national and international companies. A
broad spectrum of research interests
includes forestry, oil and gas. environmental,
computer, medical and nutritional studies.
Dr Peter Larkin. UBC's vice president
for research, says that building strengths at
the I nivcrsitv in all fields of research,
both the basic and applied levels, is
essential if Canada is to be a competitor
in todav's "technological Olympics.'
"Without research British Columbians
are not going to be plugged into the
discoveries that shape our future." said
Dr. Larkin
Another key figure in I IBC's Industry
Liaison program is Dr James Murray. With
his appointment as director for I nivcrsitv-
Industn Liaison in 198-t. Dr Murray now
has the opportunity to play an active role
in promoting one of his longstanding
interests-collaboration between the
University and the business community. In
doing so. he draws upon his background
as an academic researcher and scientific
consultant to oceanographic. mining, oil
anil engineering companies   "I have alwavs
felt that by working together, both the
University and the business community can
be stronger. Industry can learn anil obtain
new ideas and technologies from the
I niversity. Hie University can understand
the needs of industry for both fundamental
and applied research."
line needs of both partners in
co-operative research arrangements must
be respected to ensure that the interest of
each is considered and protected. Dr
Murray is proud of what has been
accomplished so far.  "It is gratifying to
see the results of these transactions They
have been very beneficial to both parties."
One example is the licencing of an
electronic messaging software program
to Sydney Development Corp.  litis
software allows different computers to
communicate with each other, thereby
allowing the transfer of messages and tiles
to any computer anywhere in the world.
The technology, developed in UBC's
Department of Computer Science, generates
millions of dollars in sales and will
influence communications on an
international scale
Products of 1 B< l-horn technology
range from specialized industrial equipment
and processes, satellite communications
and medical equipment to computer
software programs and even the
development of new foods! Some
companies are growing to the point
where they are becoming quite diversified:
others are spinning off new companies of
their own. These represent another
level - a kind of "second generation"
development of UBC spin-offs   ITie
potential tor such expansion is limitless.
I BC has many "firsts" to its credit, and
expansion into new industrial frontiers
seems logical tor an institution dedicated
to excellence and optimism tor the
future.
Visitors to Expo 86 will find mam of
1 HC's spin-off discoveries on display.
An impressive contribution to the
Canada Pavilion has been made by
MacDonald Dettwilcr & Associates, a
spin-off from I BC's Computing Centre and
Department of Electrical Engineering. As
specialists in digital data processing and
satellite ground stations. V1DA is featured
in the film "Earthwatch". The company's
Lindsat images display views of Vancouver
anil other regions of the province as well
as a dozen other Canadian cities
Progressive satellite photographs show
Vancouver the Lower Mainland and
moving farther up. images of the earth as
seen from space.
Look for s5 foot archways of light over
the Monorail and outlining murals on
walls in the Canadian Pacific pavilion.
'These are constructed of "Light Pipe", a
product developed in a physics laboratory
at UBC and now manufactured bv iiR
Industries Ltd. (Total Internal Reflection).
IiR has provided extensive use of its
technology as entertainment lighting for
the fair. Hie stalactites and stalagmites
featured in the U.S.A. pavilion are also
constructed of Light Pipe material
Expo visitors will also be afforded an
opportunity to cat some of UBC's
technology A non-dairy (vegetable protein)
dessert called "Tripple" is on sale at all
Expo spaceship food kiosks. Ilic first flavor
produced, straw hern, is reputed to be
indistinguishable from real ice cream at
half the calorics! Developed by UBC's
Department of Food Science, the formula
anil rights to produce it have been
licenced to a B.C. company \u Fooil
Research Corp.
For more information concerning
spin-off companies or the possibilities tor
collaborative research with UBC please
contact:
Dr. James Murray. Director
I 'niversity-lndustry Liaison
()ffice of Research Senices
Hie University of British Columbia
Vancouver B.C. V6T 1W5
Telephone: (6(H) 22 t-8580
^ CONBRffiJinON 19B6
I'BC REPORTS
MAY 28. 1986
UBC's library: A major resource for B.C.
UBC's libran svstem - one ot the largest
and most extensive systems in Canada -
has been the backbone of the University s
teaching and research programs since
I BC first opened its doors But not
even-one realizes that members of the
public are welcome to use the enormous
resources in I BC's libran as well,
through in libran use of materials,
extra mural library cards and world-wide
inter libran loans.
In just over ~0 years, the I 'nivcrsitv's
libran svstem has acquired almost 2.6
million books and 1,580.000 items in
other formats such as microforms, maps,
phonograph records and films, making it
the second largest university libran in
Canada and high on the list of major
research libraries in North America. The
library subscribes to more than 35,000
serials that keep scholars and students
abreast of the latest research developments
in their field of interest.
Hie UBC svstem also includes many
rare and specialized collections that attract
scholars anil students from all over the
world.
The Asian Studies Library, tor example,
houses a 45.000-volume P'u-pan collection
of rare books on China, including ancient
records, manuscripts, gazetteers and
literature as well as the oldest book in
the whole I 'BC library - a 10th-century
raritv containing notes on phonetics.
Hie Asian Studies Library, which has the
largest collection of Asian material found
anywhere in the country, also senes as the
Canadian "deposit library" for a wide-
range of publications issued by the
Japanese government, making it a mecca
tor governments, researchers and students
who want up-to-date statistical information
on Japanese population, housing, labor,
research anil development and wages and
salaries, to name only a tew of the topics
covered in this collection, which grows
at the rate of about 1.000 items a year
I BC's decentralized library system has
a total of 21 branches and senile divisions
located on anil oft the campus.
Specialized units sine users in social work.
law, mathematics, music, education,
forestry and agriculture and Asian studies.
The Woodward Library in the campus
Health Sciences Centre houses books and
journals related to the health and
biological sciences as well as rare medical
and biological books dating from l46~
and specialized items such as a collection
of 162 letters written by or to Florence
Nightingale. A collection of more than
188.000 volumes, chosen for the use of
undergraduate students, is housed in the
Sedgewick Library, a unique "underground"
facility, constructed beneath the Vlain Mall,
litis very heavily used branch accounts
for one-third of a million circulation
CAMPUS
people
Several UBC faculty members will be
distinguished with honorary- degrees
at Convocation ceremonies at other
North American universities this month.
Dr. David Suzuki of UBC Is /.oology
Department will receive three honoran
degrees this spring, bringing the total
number of honorary degrees he has
received to seven.
Dr. Suzuki. Canada's foremost science
broadcaster, will receive his latest awards
from Lake-head University at Thunder Bav.
Ontario, the University of Calgary and
Governors State University at University
Kirk. Illinois. His previous honoran
degrees are from the I niversity of Prince
Edward Island. Acadia University in Nova
Scotia, and from two Ontario universities.
transactions a year
Some of the units that make up the
library system include material that is not
available anywhere else in the world
ITie special collections division in the
Vlain Library houses rare and historical
books and photographs as well as the
historical archives of the l'niversitv itself.
The Map Division in the Main Library
boasts a collection of 1 10,000 maps and
2.09-t atlases. 262 gazetteers and 1.002
reference works The divisions collection
of modern maps (post 1900 for the
Americas and post 1800 for Europe). is
swelled by gifts from faculty members
returning from visits abroad anil collections
donated bv individuals and government
agencies.
Vet another Vlain Library division that
is a unique provincial resource is
government publications and microforms,
which houses one of the largest Canadian
collections of material issued by every
level of government - municipal, provincial
anil state, federal and foreign, as well as
publications from the United Nations and
intergovernmental organizations. The
division also has nearly 3.2 million
microforms - the largest collection of its
kind in Canada— including collections in
literature, history, drama, fine arts and
newspapers (old English newspapers
dating from 1022 are part of the last
category ).
Not all the library's holdings are in the
familiar book form.
line Wilson Recordings Collection
housed in the Sedgewick Libran has
35.000 records ol music, jirose. drama
and spoken word, partly chosen to
supplement academic studies in such
departments as music, theatre and English.
Some -8 turntable-headset units are
available to play records on the spot
without charge; borrowing privileges are
available to students, faculty and start for an
annual fee of $10; S35 annually for
extra-mural readers
The UBC Data Library in the Computer
Sciences Building has computer readable
tiles of statistical and other tvpes of
information such as sunn results.
Canadian census data, stock market
prices, even literary works   Hie data files
are stored on magnetic tapes in the 1 BC
Computing Centre.
Another valuable sen ice available at
several locations on and oil the campus is
the online computer search that will
provide a user with a printed list of
citations on a specific topic. Some 20
trained searcher-librarians can ask 1.200
data bases located all over North America
for citations on the most current material,
which may include books journal
articles, conference proceedings,
dissertations, etc.. on hundreds of topics.
Although much of UBC's libran
collection is irreplaceable, it is valued tor
insurance purposes al more than S290
million
nie UBC systems loan rate is the
highest of 92 North American libraries that
report statistics to the Association of
Research Libraries, headquartered in
Washington. D.C. In the last academic
vear UBC libraries recorded nearly two
million direct loans, or an average of
5..S50 a day. Loans to users elsewhere
through the Inter-library Loan Senile
Trent I niversity and the I nivcrsitv of
Windsor.
Last week Dr Suzuki was named the
recipient of this year's S 100,000 Royal
Bank Award for Canadian Achievement.
He also recently received the Governor-
General's Award tor Const-nation tor his
eight part CBC television series "A Planet
for the laking" that was broadcast last
fall.
Dr. Rudy Haering of 1 BC's Phvsics
Department will receive an honoran
degree from Memorial University in
Newfoundland. A I IBC faculty member
since 19"3. Dr. Haering led a group of
scientists who have revolutionized batten
technology. Hie group has developed a
rechargable lithium molydenum disulphide
battery that has a shelf life of eight to ten
years compared with the four to six month
shelf life of conventional nickel cadmium
batteries.
Another member of UBCs Physics
Department, Prof. Erich Vogt, will receive
an honorary degree from the I Iniversity of
Regina. Dr. Vogt. who is director of the
TRIUMF Project located at UBC. has also
relieved honorary degrees from the
I 'niversity of Manitoba and Queen's
1 nivcrsitv.
Dr. Michael Smith of I 'BC "s Biochemistn
Department has been elected a fellow of
the prestigious Royal Society of London. Hi-
is the fourth UBC facultv member so
honored. Dr Smith has an international
reputation tor his basic research in
genetics He developed a method to modify
specific genes on cell chromosomes, a
technique now used in genetic laboratories
around the world. Dr. Pieter Cullis. also
of the Biochemistn Department, recently
was awarded the Ayerst Award of the
Canadian Biochemical Society for his
research on the structure of cell
membranccs. His more recent work
focuses on a new method of delivering
anti-cancer drugs to malignant cells.
totalled I i."36 and document dcliven
through the Health Sciences Network
which links the campus svstem to branch
libraries in three Vancouver leaching
hospitals, totalled 33.558 items.
Vou don't have to be on campus to
make use of I 'BC's libran   Through
inter libran- loans users throughout
Canada and other countries around the
world are able to borrow material trom
1 'BC I. Library staff have played major roles
in the development of cooperative and
networking arrangements in the province.
UBC has also responded to the growth
of distance education in BC by developing
a separate Extension Libran for students in
other centres of the province Hie
"Dial-A-Book Sen ice" enables any I BC
distance education student taking a
credit course to call the extension service
collect to request libran materials or
seek help from a librarian
'The many-faceted functions of the I BC
library system give rise to some
incredible statistics. For example reference
specialists in the library s 21 branches and
senile divisions answer more than
3"-0.00<) queries a year      iTie social
work branch library, tor instance, recently
helped users find information on
everything from motivating handicapped
people to bingo as a social problem.
Recent callers to the science and
humanities and social sciences divisions
of the Vlain Library had questions related
to animal behavior as a means of
predicting earthquakes, the effects on the
environment of high voltage transmission
lines, calculation of the economic value of
natural parks, the menu for the Lord
Mayor of London's 100 guinea dinner of
1850 to raise money tor the Great
Exhibition of 1851, the exact time the first
hydrogen bomb was exploded and the
amount of cotton yarn produced bv
Germany in 190"".
In a library system as complex and
diversified as I BC's. it would be
surprising if those who run it did not haviso me concerns about the present and
future.
Present concerns centre on declining
purchasing power that limits the
enhancement of book collections, and staff
and other resource shortages that prevent
the libran from moving ahead rapidly on
major projects, such as further exploiting
current technology tor the improvement of
seniles for users
Hie major future concern of the libran
is dwindling space. The University has set
aside a site on the central campus tor a
new eight-level research library and
possibilities for securing the necessan
funding are being explored
Dr. Neil Towers of UBC's Botany
Department has received the coveted
Flavelle Award and Medal of the Royal
Society of Canada. I tic award is made
every two years tor an outstanding
contribution to biological sciences
during the preceding 10 years
Five current members and one former
member of the UBC faculty have been
elected to the Royal Society of Canada,
this country's most prestigious academic
organization.
Hii-v are: Dr. David Aberle. professor
emeritus of anthropologv and sociology;
Prof. Anthony G. Phillips. Psychology-
Prof. William New English: Prof.
I.awrence Mysak of Mathematics and
Oceanography: Dr. Anne B. Underhill,
honoran professor of Geophysics and
Astronomy: and mathematician Dr.
Robert Goresky. a former member of the
UBC faculty. UBCREPORTS
MAY 28,1986
UBC'S AREAS
OF STRENGTH
Pages 8 to 12 of this issue feature some of the
leading edge research taking place on the
UBC campus. Our first story focuses on
research being conducted on a material
called "gallium arsenide"...
Gallium arsenide. Somehow, the words
don't ripple off the tongue the way
"silicon" does. On the other hand, gallium
arsenide's relative obscurity has saved it
from being invoked by the media every
time a new technology centre comes into
existence. We'd be surprised to read about
a community dubbed "Gallium Arsenide
Valley North"! So far, silicon has that kind
of sobriquet all to itself. Still, gallium
arsenide has begun to mount a challenge
in areas that have been exclusively
silicon's until now, and researchers at the
University of British Columbia are playing
a key part in that challenge.
Like silicon, gallium arsenide is a
semiconductor. This means it can be
forced to carry an electrical current by a
process known as "doping". In doping,
impurities known as "dopants" are
carefully inserted into the material to
create areas of positive or negative
charge, and to form switches (transistors)
that either stop or allow the passage of a
current between those areas.
Semiconductors are fundamental to
today's microchip or integrated circuit
technology. The semiconductor silicon
has ruled that technology up to now
because it is cheap and easily purified.
But, as is frustratingly evident to anyone
trying to carry out massive calculations
on mainframe computers (such as those at
the UBC Computing Centre), silicon
circuits can be less than speedy! There are
other disadvantages, t<x> - they start to fail
in temperatures at or above 100 degrees
Celsius and in the presence of certain
kinds of radiation including cosmic rays. So
silicon is tar from perfect.
Enter gallium arsenide. Electrons can
race along gallium arsenide circuits at
speeds up to five times those on silicon.
Gallium arsenide circuits can in theory
operate at temperatures up to 200 degrees
Celsius and they are much more tolerant
of radiation. Furthermore, gallium arsenide
and its related compounds can generate
infra-red waves or light waves. Yet, if you
probe the integrated circuits in your
computer, digital watch, radio, video
cassette recorder or telephone equipment
you'll find a silicon chip there, not a
■^*"^*w,v
David Hui, a doctoral student in
UBC's Electrical Engineering
Department, holds a gallium arsenide
"wafer". UBC researchers are working
to make this "material of the future" a
valuable material of the present.
gallium arsenide one. Obviously, gallium
arsenide has its problems, too, and that's
where the research being conducted at
the I Iniversity of British Columbia comes
in.
Dr. I.awrence Young of the Electrical
Engineering Department is in charge of
one of the UBC teams investigating the
properties and applications of gallium
arsenide. Another group is headed by Dr.
Fred Weinberg in the Department of
Metallurgical Engineering.
Dr. Young began his current research
into gallium arsenide in 1981. That year.
Cominco Ltd. opened Canada's first
commercial gallium arsenide pnxluction
facility at Trail, in which the new
Czochralski method was employed.
Gallium and arsenic arc* combined under a
high temperature and pressure and the
crystal is pulled out of the melt after about
thirty-six hours. This method produces a
milk-bottle-sized "boule" of 999999 per
cent gallium arsenide. The boule is then
sliced into wafers.
Together, Cominco scientists and Dr.
Young secured grants totalling $350,000
over four years from the Science Council
of British Columbia. The money enabled
them to kjok at some of the problems
people had experienced with the
substance and to try to find a wider range
of applications for it.
"Part of our work here at UBC is in
helping Cominco develop their material.
We make devices with it and check the
characteristics. We're trying to build up
expertise in the technology of making
devices."
A problem that continues to nag gallium
arsenide is the presence of crystal defects
call "dislocations". When the surface of a
crystal is etched, the dislocations show
up under a microscope as tiny pits,
lypically, there are thousands of them per
square centimetre. While the chances of
one hitting a transistor location are still
quite small, each pit has a little sphere of
influence around it that either repels or
attracts impurities.
Dr. Fred Weinberg and his group in the
Department of Metallurgical Engineering
are trying to grow gallium arsenide
crystals free from dislocations. At this
point, however, no one is quite sure what
causes them, although they originate at
some point in the fabricating process.
Some people feel that eventually this may
be the factor on which gallium arsenide
will stand or fall One way of preventing
dislocations may be to add small
quantities of other elements to the mix. Or
perhaps changes will have to be made to
the temperature gradient as the boule is
pulled from the cooker to cool.
Whether or not gallium arsenide will
replace silicon in microchip technology-
remains to be seen. Meanwhile, it is being
used in more and more situations where
its advantages outweigh its disadvantages,
and where silicon can't compete. Its
resistance to radiation and heat, for
instance, makes it ideal tor circuits in
earth satellites and guided missiles, and its
speed and low-energy requirements make-
it preferable for ultra-high speed digital
integrated circuits and microwave-
integrated circuits.
The "material of the future" is rapidly-
becoming a valuable material of the
present. Scientists and engineers at the
University of British Columbia can take
pride in the part they are playing in its
success.
Putting a round peg in a round hole is no easy task for a robot, but a UBC
research team under the direction of Dr. Dale Cherchas of the Mechanical
Engineering Department, has developed sensors which help the robot fit the
part into place. This research is aimed at replacing human beings with robots in
dangerous work areas, such as radiation environments.
Cancer cures doubled
A dramatic improvement in cure rates
for a certain type of cancer has been
achieved by two Vancouver cancer experts.
Drs. Paul Klimo and Joseph Connors of
UBC's Faculty- of Medicine and the Cancer
Control Agency of B.C. have doubled the
cure rate for a type of lymphoma, cancer of
the lymph system.
The lymph system is made u|) of the
lymph nodes, spleen and thymus that
produce and store infection-fighting cells,
anil of a circulatory system of vessels
carrying lymph, a colorless liquid. The
lymph system is also essential for normal
immunity.
Drs. Klimo and Connors have had
success with a specific type of rapidly-
growing cancer called large-cell non-
Hodgkin's lymphoma. About 1.000 Canadians
are found to have the disease each year.
"About five years ago only about 30 per
cent of people with advanced forms of
the disease and about half of patients with
limited disease were cured," says Dr.
Connors.
"We have been able to cure between
65 and -() per cent of advanced cases and
85 per cent of patients with limited or
localized disease."
ilieir treatment is unique in several
ways and is much less expensive than older
methods "With the old method of
treatment, patients received the highest
possible dose of a combination of
anti-cancer drugs." says Dr. Connors.
"Then the patient was allowed to recover
from the toxic side-effects of the drugs for
three to four weeks before a high dose of
drugs were administered again.
The cycle of treatment followed by
recovery was repeated between six and 12
times over a period of six to nine months.
"Unfortunately, during the three to four
week rest period between treatments, the
rapidly-developing cancer regrows.
"We decided to try a regimen that
would expose patients to lower doses of
the anti-cancer drugs continuously,
keeping the pressure on the cancer cells
and not giving them an opportunity to
recover."
Patients receive anti cancer drugs
intravenously once a week for 12 weeks,
[hey also receive high doses of
prednisone, a corticosteroid drug that
attacks the lymphoma, as well as daily
doses of antibiotics.
The antibiotics are to counter the
effects of the anti-cancer ilmgs which in
attacking the lymph system, weaken the
body's defence system against infection
from bacteria and fungi. Hie patients are
treated as out-patients. Hospitalization is
only necessary if there are complications.
"The result is a substantial increase in
the cure rate," Dr. Connors says. "And
patients that are cured return to work in a
much shorter period of time.
"But there are also savings in treatment
costs. Anti-cancer drugs are extremely
expensive. About S-,000 of anti-cancer
drugs are used in the old treatment
method compared with drugs worth
approximately 53,000 using our method.
"That may not stem like a great deal of
money but if you take into consideration
the number of patients we have treated in
B.C. only, the saving so far has been about
SI million over the last five years."
Hie two cancer experts have been asked
to speak about their work at the annual
meeting in Los Angeles this month of the
American Society of Clinical Oncology,
the largest meeting of clinical cancer
specialists in North America. ^
IIBC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
New technology for
B.C. forest industry
Computers have already transformed
our lives in banking, business and
medicine. Now researchers in UBC's
Department of Electrical Engineering arc-
applying advanced computer technology to
increase safety and efficiency in B.C.'s
forest industry.
Telerobotics - or computer-aided
machine control - is the concept behind
the extensive research under way in the
Elcctrical Engineering Department under
the direction of Dr. Peter I^rwrence. Dr.
Iawrence is using computers to help
machine operators control heavy pieces
of hanesting equipment with greater safety
and ease.
Using this new technology, operators can
give voice commands to control the
machine or manipulate the equipment
manually using a digital control panel.
"At present operators control hanesting
equipment from inside the machine,
often using many individual levers on a
control panel," says Dr. I-awrcnce. "Not
only is it extremely difficult to simultaneously manipulate these livers, but it
can be dangerous. Operators have
inadvertently tipped over machines
because they've attempted to place too
heavy a load on the equipment.
"What we have done is to put a
computer between the operator and the
machine. ITie computer relays information
back to the operator about the stress
being placed on the machine so that
overloading does not occur.
"It's even possible to build a safety check
into the system so that a machine will not
pick up a load if it is over a certain weight
or is not balanced properly," says Dr.
I-awrcnce.
A major safety advantage of this new
technology is that industrial equipment
can be operated from a remote location
rather than from inside the cab of the
machine. ITie operator controls the
machine using stereo images obtained
from video cameras attached to the
machine.
"Remote control operation of machinery
is already being used in sub-sea work," says
Dr. Iawrencc, "and we believe it can he
applied successfully to the forest industry
and to the mining and construction
industries as well.
"Operators would still have control
over the machinery, but they would be
removed from any possible danger on the
work site."
He adds that the use of computers with
heavy machinery will likely result in less
product damage and equipment
Help for a helping band: Dr. Peter Lawrence of UBC's Electrical Engineering
Department makes some adjustments to a robotic arm that is being placed onto
harvesting equipment for the forest industry.
maintenance.
"Operators sometimes damage the
trees they are loading or pieces of
equipment because they are applying t(x>
much pressure or haven't aligned their load
properly. Computers will provide immediate digital feedback on stress and
alignment factors so that operators can
make the proper adjustments," says Dr.
Lawrence.
Dr. Lawrence emphasizes that the
application of computer technology to
the forest industn will not mean fewer
jobs
'The forest environment is far loo
complex for machines to operate without
some sort of human guidance. Value-
judgements and the human decisionmaking process are still critical in
hanesting operations. Our goal is not to
replace humans, but to free them from
stressful or hazardous work environments."
Dr. Lawrence and his colleagues at UBC,
MacMillan Bloedel Research and Robotic
Systems International will evaluate the new
technology during field tests being
carried out in B.C. hanesting operations.
UBC contributes to B.C.'s booming film industry
One group of students at the I niversity
of B.C. who are optimistic about job
prospects in 1986 are those who will
graduate from the Film Studies program
in the Department of Theatre.
'ITie reason - the film industry in
British Columbia is booming. Shot in B.C.
last year were nine feature films, three
high-budget docu-dramas. I 1 television
movies and five television series with a
total of 52 episodes. Total budget for all
productions was SI4I million, of which
S70 million went directly into the
provincial economy, providing 2,500
direct anil .3,500 indirect jobs.
Prof Joan Reynertson, who heads the
UBC Film Studies program, says a
combination of B.C. scenery, a devalued
Canadian dollar, and a pool of well-trained
Hollywood North? That's British
Columbia these days, and UBC film
students Marco Ciccone and Cathy
Golf hope to be part of the booming
film industry that injected close to
SI 50 million into the province's
economy last year.
film production personnel has been
instrumental in drawing American film
companies to the province.
One of the major training programs tor
production crews in Canada is the film
studies program at UBC It has gained such
an outstanding reputation that Prof
Reynertson receives numerous telephone
calls a day from interested applicants
around the world.
Currently, the department offers an
undergraduate program leading to a
bachelor's degree, which includes a
balanced array of courses in production,
history, theory and aesthetics, and
master's degrees in film and television
production and in history, theory anil
criticism.
Equipment and staff' limitations have
forced the program to restrict its annual
intake of students to 12. Hie program
could triple its annual intake if additional
equipment and faculty were available.
Seven graduate students are currently
registered in the department.
Prof Reynertson sees the department's
primary mission as providing students
with a solid grounding in script writing,
directing, cinematography, editing, sound
recording and animation as well as the
history and aesthetics of film.
"Our most pressing need at the
moment," she says, "is the replacement of
aging equipment with a state-of-the-art
production facility that will sent- as an
on-campus training and production
centre."
iTie program, now in its 1 1th year of
operation, already has close ties with the
B.C. film industry, and Prof Reynertson
would like to see links with the industn
further strengthened through the
establishment of an internship program
that would provide students with
"hands-( >n" experience.
Among notable graduates of the UBC'.
film program are Robert Fredericks,
executive producer of'ITie Beachcombers,
the longest-running series in television
history; Cal Schumiater. producer of the
feature film My Kind of Town, recently
screened across Canada; and Sturla
Gunnerson, whose feature-length
documentary After the Axe. produced for
the CBC, was nominated for an Academy
Award.
Also associated with the UBC program
as a teacher is the award-winning Canadian
film director, editor and producer
Raymond I kill, who is currently the
president of the B.C. Film Industry
Association.
Robot used in surgery
The first use of a robot in a surgical
operation in the world took place in
Vancouver in March last year and more
than X0 similar operations have taken
place since.
Hie development is the result of
cooperation between two Vancouver
teaching and research hospitals associated
w ith the I iiiversity of B.C.'s facultv of
Medicine.
Creator of the robot is Dr James
McEwen. director of bio-engineering at
both the Vancouver General Hospital anil
the Health Sciences Centre Hospital on
the UBC campus It was also designed in
collaboration with the UBC's electrical
engineering department where Dr. McEwen
is adjunct professor.
It is used in a new type of surgery to
repair damaged knees performed by Dr.
Brian Day, assistant professor in UBC's
orthopedic surgery department.
Although the robot was built at VGH, all
operations so far have been carried out at
the University hospital.
Dr. Day pioneered in Canada a new
surgical procedure, called arthroscopy, to
remove or repair knee cartilege using
one-centimeter incisions. A surgical
instrument is inserted into one incision
and is guided in its work by an optical
scope inserted into the second. Before
the new operation was introduced, the
entire knee joint had to lie opened.
"Because I am completely occupied with
the scope anil surgical instrument. I need
an assistant to hold and move the patient's
leg into different positions during the
operation." Dr. Day said. "The solution is a
robot that manipulates the leg into
precise positions for me."     Dr McFwcn's
group ilesignetl and built a pneumatically
powered robot, linked to an IBM personal
computer, that holds the patient's leg anil
moves it on command.
"The prototype we developed can be
operated by the surgeon either through a
control panel or by voice command." Dr
McEwen said "To control the robot Dr.
Day can simply say  attention', "move the
leg to the right'. Tower the leg' or anv
other of a variety of commands we can
program the robot to understand."
"The robot tells Dr Day through voice
recordings that it has understood the
command and carried it out.
Communication between surgeon and
robot is verbal"
He said the success of the prototype has
shown that robots can be used in many
other orthopedic operations where
mechanical assistance is needed by the
surgeon.
The robot was developed as a result of
a research contract from Andronic Devices
Ltd.. a B.C. company seeking world-class
capabilities in the area of medical and
surgical robotics.
Andronics received financial assistance
for the contract from the federal
Department of Regional and Industrial
Expansion and the National Research
Council, and from the provincial Discoven
Enterprise Program.
About S300.OOO has been spent on tin-
prototype so far. cofflwniisfi
UBC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
Remote Sensing: Forestry of the future
Remote Sensing Does It From A
I
ii
\ Distance" reads a sign on the wall of a
small laboratory housed in UBC's MacMillan
Building. But don't let the facetious
motto fool you. The laboratory is home to
one of North America's top researchers in
the field of remote sensing, a highly
sophisticated technology that is having a
significant impact on the management of
natural resources in our province. L1BC
researcher Dr. Peter Murtha explains the
concept of remote sensing:
"Remote sensing is the gathering and
interpretation of spacial and spectral
(color) information which is collected
using sensors on board satellites or
airplanes travelling at various altitudes.
"Here at UBC remote sensing research
is being carried out in forestry, civil and
electrical engineering, computer science,
geography, oceanography, soil science and
geophysics and astronomy." Dr. Murtha,
who hold a joint appointment in UBCs
Department of Forest Resources
Management in the Faculty of Forestry and
the Soil Science Department in the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, is applying
this new technology to the management
of B.C.'s forests.
"To make effective decisions in forest
management you must have detailed and
up-to-date information on forest stands
throughout the province. This includes
ecological data, information on tree age,
species composition and volume, tree-
condition and damage caused by insects,
acid rain, pollution and disease. One very
cost-effective means of obtaining this
information is through the interpretation
of remote aircraft and satellite images of
forest stands."
One example of the precise detail
obtained through remote imagery is a
photo of Vancouver Island which hangs
on the wall of Dr. Murtha's office. Clearly
identifiable in the photo, taken from 283
miles in space, is the outline of a B.C. ferry
crossing Georgia Strait.
"Remote sensing technology has improved
dramatically over the past decade," says
Dr. Murtha "We can show you a dead
branch on the side of a tree in a
photograph taken from an altitude of
70,000 feet or overlay maps on satellite
images using a personal computer."
The interpretation of remote sensing
images takes skill, experience and often a
bit of guesswork.
"What appears on the computer screen
is an image of a particular area with
different patterns and colors," says Dr.
Murtha. "It's our job to determine what
these patterns and colors represent in
terms of land forms, forest stand
characteristics, possible outbreaks of
disease, etc."
Dr. Murtha describes the impact of
remote sensing technology on forest
management in the province as
"revolutionary".
"The B.C. Ministry of Forests began
computerizing all their forest maps in
1978. Ultimately they plan to have a main
data base in Victoria which would be
linked to microcomputers in all their
field and district offices throughout the
province. Each office would have remote-
sensing capabilities and would be
responsible for updating data from their
area.
"The impact of this new system on forest
management in the province is going to
be profound," says Dr. Murtha. "Remote
sensing technology is advancing so
rapidly that we are in the process of
implementing technology that was
virtually unheard of five years ago.
"This has led to an entirely new system
of gathering and updating critical forest
data," he says.
"We're moving from a system where
forest management decisions were made
using archival data that was up to ten years
old to one where forest maps and other
data are updated continously as changes
occur and decisions are based on
current, accurate data."
Prof. Peter Murtha uses images, from
satellites and other aircrafts to gather
information that is critical forforest
management in the province.
Dentistry team explores implant technique
Denture wearers who art- plagued by
ill-fitting false teeth now have an
alternative. A new technique developed in
Sweden allows a complete bridge of teeth
to be secured by five or six posts
permanently implanted into the jaw bone.
The result is a set of teeth that ecstatic-
wearers say feel like their own.
The technique, developed in Sweden
over the last 20 years, avoids the major
problems associated with older implant
techniques.
"Implant techniques in the past have
had a justifiably bad reputation." said Dr.
Monty Reitzik of UBCs Faculty of
IX-ntistry.
"Old implants were biologically
unsound. Typically, the gums where the
Manipulating the body's immunological
defense system to fight cancer and other
diseases is the focus of research by Dr.
Julia Levy of UBC's microbiology
department She is currently collaborating with other UBC scientists to produce
a "magic bullet", a complex molecule
that would attach itself to cancer cells in
the body and destroy them without
harming surrounding healthy cells.
posts protuded from the jaw became
infected and the posts loosened and failed.
But some wearers were willing to put up
with periodic bouts of infection and
sometimes constant pain rather than go
back to conventional dentures."
Till- Swedish technique was discovered
accidentally by Dr. Per-Ingvar Branemark,
director of the Institute of Applied
Biotechnology in Gotenborg.
He implanted a hollow titanium post
into the bone of a laboratory rabbit to
Waste not, want not
A waste product from the Canadian pulp
and paper industry may become the
source of pharmaceuticals worth millions
of dollars.
The waste product is pitch which is
found in tall oil, a by-product of pulp
making. About half of the pitch consists of
steroids which could be used in the
pharmaceutical industry to produce birth
control pills, anti-inflammatory drugs
such as cortisone and other products.
A biotechnology research team led by
Dr. James Kutney of I IBC's chemistry
department is using genetically-engineered
micro-organisms to convert the steroids
into valuable starting materials for the
pharmaceutical industry.
"We know that certain bacteria art-
capable of transforming the pitch to
steroids that can be used to produce
drugs," Dr. Kutney says. "We're trying to
make the conversion commercially
viable."
The largest producer of tall oil in
Canada and one of the largest in the world
is B.C. Chemicals Ltd. of Prince George, a
wholly-owned subsidiary of three Prince
George forest companies- Northwood
Pulp and Paper, Prince George Pulp and
Pajx-r, and Intercontinental Pulp.
B.C. Chemicals collects a by-product of
the pulping process from its three parent
companies and from B.C. Forest Products
at Mackenzie. Caribix) Pulp and Paper at
Quesnel. and others
The by-product is converted by B.C.
Chemicals to tall oil which it sells to Mitsui
& Co. for use in Japan and to Reichhold
Chemical in Louisiana. The two companies
distil the tall oil to obtain products used
in the paint industry and for sizing paper.
The residue left over after distillation is
pitch, which is burnt.
B.C. Chemicals' pitch is five times
richer in steroids than the pitch from
southern I t.S. pulp producers.
"The high concentration of steroids
makes the pitch very attractive to our
biotechnology program," Dr. Kutney says.
"Our tall oil is unique because it is an
enormous storehouse of steroids which are
now literally going up in smoke. We have-
to take advantage of our situation."
Dr. Kutney says his research team is
able to convert with up to 85 per cent
efficiency a substance in the pitch called
betasitosterol into a family of compounds
known as androstanes, basic starting
materials in the steroid pharmaceutical
industry.
"We have improved the efficiency of the
micro-organisms that were already
known to do the conversion to the specific
requirements of our pitch.
"Our conversion efficiency- of 85 per
cent is in small laboratory batches. We
now have to demonstrate that the
efficiency can be maintained in large
commercial batches. We need to scale up."
obsene changes in bone structure. He
discovered that the bone cells died at the
comparatively low temperature of about
4~ degrees Celsius, which would partly
explain why other implant techniques fail
since high speed dental drills used to drill
holes in the jaw can generate temperaaires
of 90 degrees.
But he also discovered that the
titanium posts could not be removed. They
had formed a structural and functional
bond with the living bone.
Pioneering basic research on the
attachment of gum tissue to titanium has
been carried out at UUCs Facultyof
Dentistry by Drs. Don Brunette and Tim
Gould.
The UBC team, drawn from the three-
departments in the Faculty of Dentistry,
trained in the Branemark technique at a
special program at the University of
Toronto. So far, they have treated 30
patients with considerable success. Dr.
Reitzik said.
The Branemark technique takes about
six to nine months to complete.
Tin- titanium posts are inserted into the
jaw bone beneath the gum and the gums
heal over them. When the posts have
completely bonded with the bone-
structure, the gums are re-opened and a
metal fitting is screwed into each post.
The fittings protrude into the mouth and
patients go onto a soft diet for two weeks
while the gums heal. Then a fixed bridge is
attached to the fittings.
"The Branemark technique does as little
damage to the bone as possible. The
posts are allowed to bond with the bone
undisturbed for three to six months and,
because they art* underneath the surface of
the gum during this period, they arc-
protected front infection.
"The secret of success is the titanium
used and the way the posts art- introduced
to the jaw to encourage bonding and
eliminate the possibility of infection."
He predicts that within 10 years the
technique will replace in most cases the
current method of bridging across
missing teeth in people who have lost
some teeth only.
"By using titanium posts," he said, "we
will be able to replace the missing teeth
without touching adjacent whole teeth."
_UL +
UBC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
UBC IMAGING
RESEARCH:
Imaging research using new technologies
to reveal the structure and composition
inside of human beings and other subjects
is a major area of strength at UBC.
Featured  on this page are just two of the
many UBC research projects attracting
international attention. Many of the
projects use one or both of two
facilities - the positron emission tomograph
(PET) and the magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) scanners. The Queen officially
opened the scanning facilities in 1983.
The PET scanner combines the
expertise of I 'BC and the TRH IMF
cyclotron project on UBC's south
campus. It simultaneously provides a series
of colored slice images of the chemical
function of the brain. The slices art-
through the whole brain, from top to
bottom.
The UBCTRIl MF PET program is
internationally recognized for studies into
a variety of neurological disorders. Dr.
Brian Pate of UBC's Facultyof
Pharmaceutical Sciences, who led the
TRIl MF team that built the PET scanner,
said that the I 'BC-TRIl MF PET program is
unique in the world.
"What makes it possible is the
presence on the campus of a large number
of I niversity scientists in a variety of
disciplines, the I niversity hospital and the
sophisticated expertise of'TRIUMF." Dr.
Pate said.
"Nowhere else in the world does this
happy combination exist."
A second PET scanner is now being
developed at TRIUMF that will scan the
entire body, show finer detail, and will be
much more sensitive that existing
scanners. A PET manufacturing centre-
may' he established in B.C. to serve a
growing international market.
The MRI scanner uses a completely
different technology and can image the
entire body.
MRI works by vibrating or resonating
the nuclei of atoms within the patient,
using magnets and radio waves. When the
nuclei resonate, they absorb or emit
electro-magnetic radiation which can be
detected by a receiver similar to a sensitive
FM radio receiver. The information is
transformed by a computer into black and
white pictures or images which are
displayed on a monitor.
"MRI shows the structure or anatomy
of the subject but it reveals other
information as well," said Dr. David Li of
UBC's Faculty of Medicine, who is director
of the MRI facility
"The machine that we are using shows
the changes in the distribution of water
in the body - most of our body is made up
of water. This gives us some indication of
the biochemical changes that occur in
health and disease. So our MRI scanner
provides both anatomical and some
biochemical information.
"Future MRI scanners will tell us much
more about metabolic activity by
revealing the distribution of phosphorus,
sodium and iron.
"What makes UBC's imaging research
facilities formitlible is the combination of
PET and V1RI with more conventional
imaging technology such as CAT
scanners.
"Each method is like a map providing
different information from the same area in
the body in the same way that maps
depicting climate, vegetation, elevation and
road systems give different data about a
geographic region such as B.C.
"We have the ability to look inside a
patients' body in a variety of ways that few
other centres in the world can."
Man behind the brain machine: Dr. Brain Pate of UBC's Facidty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences led the team of TRIUMF cyclotron scientists who built
the PET brain scanner that is attracting international attention. He is tune
building an advanced PET machine.
Parkinson's breakthrough
A   major event in Parkinson's disease
research occurred last vear when
American drug addicts were flown to the
UBC-TRIUMF PET program. The addicts
had used synthetic heroin contaminated
with the neurotoxin MPTP. which is
known to cause symptoms resembling
Parkinson's disease
Six of the Californian addicts who had
not developed any symptoms had their
brains scanned at I 'BC. The scans revealed
damage to the same brain cells that are
destroyed in symptomatic Parkinson's
victims.
Results were published in one of the
most prestigious science publications in
Imaging researchers begin new study
The U.S. government is flying patients
with a unique combination of neurological
diseases from the Pacific island of Guam to
the Health Sciences Centre Hospital on
the UBC campus for medical investigation.
The purpose of the study is to try to
find out more about the origins anil cause
of the diseases using the imaging
research facilities at UBC.
The patients have Parkinsonism, the
best known of a group of degenerative
afflictions of the central nenous system.
But they also have symptoms resembling
two other neurological disorders -
dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
(ALS). sometimes referred to as Lou
Gehrig's disease, after the New York
Yankees' first baseman who died of the
ailment in 1941.
The research is being supported by the
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation and
the Medical Research Council of Canada.
Parkinson's typically strikes older people.
It affects one person in 1,000. and one in
100 over 55 years of age. Victims develop a
tremor and their muscles become rigid.
It is profoundly disabling.
The disease was first described by
English physician James Parkinson in 181^.
Like dementia and ALS, it has no cure and
the cause is unknown. Medical researchers
are beginning to speculate that
Parkinsonism is caused by environmental
agents and some have suggested that it
might be caused by one or more toxic
compounds.
The six patients coming to UBC arc
Chamorro Indians from Guam. The
incidence of Parkinsonism among Chamorros
is 100 times greater than in Canada.
Their traditional fish and legume diet is
changing to conventional North American
fare, and the incidence of the disease is
actually decreasing, though there is no
proof that their disease is caused by what
they eat or the water they drink.
Dr. Donald Calne of UBCs Faculty of
Medicine will be the principal investigator
in charge of the patients. He is director of
UBCs movement disorder clinic which is
investigating dystonia. Parkinson's,
Huntington's chorea, Alzheimer's disease
and other brain disorders in which
patients lost- control over posture and
body movement.
Collaborating with him on the study of
the Chamorro Indians is Dr. John Steele
of the Veterans Administration on Guam,
and Dr. Wayne Martin and registered
nurse Eileen Walsh of UBC.
Each of the patients will be accompanied
bv their spouses who do not have the
disease. Both husband anil wife will
receive a battery of tests, including brain
scans using the I 'BC's most sophisticated
machines, the positron emission tomograph
(PET) and magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) scanners.
The more important of the two
scanners for investigating Parkinson's is the
PET machine. Two PET and one MRI
scans will be done on each subject.
Scans of the normal brains of the
spouses will be used for comparison. The
scans are made while the subjects are
folly conscious and without them feeling
any pain or discomfort.
"The husbands and wives have both
been exposed to the same environment
and diet," said Dr. Calne. "We want to set-
how the brain scans of both relate to
clinical signs of the disease. For example,
we want to find out if the brains of the
spouses show neurological impairment
even though they don't now have the
disease, and how the damage compares
with the scans of the patients who are
clinically affected."
In the two PET scans, short-lived
radio-isotopes produced at the TRIUMF
cyclotron are synthesized into the
chemical form needed for the scans and
then shot through an underground
pipeline to the PET" laboratory in the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital. The
pneumatic pipeline is the longest in the
world and carries the scanning agent at
speeds of more than 200 kilometers per
hour.
For one examination, the scanning agent
used will be a form of glucose, the sugar
that the brain uses as a fuel, and tor the
second scan a form of dopamine, a
substance that is deficient in the brain's of
Parkinson's patients. Dopamine is a
neurotransmitter, a chemical used by the
brain to earn messages from one brain
cell to others.
The scanning agent will be injected
into the subjects. Gamma rays then
released from the subjects' brains will be
registered by an array of detectors in a ring
surrounding their heads. The detectors
will \ei:c\ their information to a computer.
After processing by the computer, the
data are transmitted back to the PET team
as colored images.
The first patient and his wife will begin a
week-long series of tests on May 24.
Other couples will arrive one at a time
during June and July.
^
the world, the British magazine Satutv.
"It was the first time evidence of the
disease had been discovered in the brains
of people who did not yet have any
clinical symptoms." said Dr Donald Calne
of I BC's Faculty of Medicine.
"The scans indicate that the cause of the
disease may precede the onset of
symptoms by many years. If the patients
eventually develop the disease, we will
know that our scans pnwidc an accurate
method of diagnosing the disease in
patients long before it physically affects
them."
An early warning system to detect an
increase in birth (lefects is one of many
community services operated by UBC's
medical genetics department under the
leadership of Dr. Patricia Baird. Research
in the department led to a test for
diagnosing in the fetus the second most
common form of mental retardation in
Canada. The test is now being used
around the world.
_U_ WHIN 1986
-GaSiS-
^
UBC REPORTS
MAY 28, 1986
Preparation: The key to success in Asia
Companies in B.C. wanting to do
business in Asia have enormous
advantages over competitors - opportunities
some companies are not making full use of.
Dr. Michael Goldberg of UBC's Facultyof
Commerce and Business Administration,
says that the development of new
resources to prepare B.C. businessmen
for transactions in Asia, and better use of
existing resources are critical if the
province is to increase economic activity-
through greater trade with Asia.
The expertise, advice, research and
contacts available to B.C. businessmen
are already well-established, says Dr.
Goldberg. He outlines strategics for both
small and large companies wanting to
succeed in trading with Asia.
"No matter how big or small you are. to
be successful you've got to do your
homework," he said "Asian cultures art-
old and homogeneous and differ
tremendously from ours. It's imperative to
understand something about the history
and culture of the target country for the
simple reason that they are proud of their
own cultures.
"'If you know more than your
competitors about the people anil culture
that you're dealing with, vour chances of
success are that much greater"
Executives of small businesses with
limited resources are faced with learning
about Asia themselves. This may seem
insurmountable. Dr. Goldberg says, but the
resources available to B.C. businessmen
are vast
UBC has enormous resources in Asian
economics, history, languages, art and
culture. The University has the largest
Asian library in Canada. It's all hen-
waiting to be used.
"Businessmen outside of Vancouver
can patch into UBC resources through
continuing education programs and the
provincial inter-library loan system."
He said the business community can
also take advantage of the expertise of
UBCs Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration
"We sponsor workshops specifically-
aimed at the needs of the business
community. A recent all-day meeting to
prepare businessmen for business in China
was over-subscribed and had to be moved
from the boardroom of the Hong Kong
Bank of Canada to the Asian Centre on
campus. We've also taken Canadian
businessmen to Beijing and Shanghai and
organized one-on-one meetings tor them
with high-level representatives of Chinese
industry and government. Another meeting
on new legislation influencing tratle with
China was held for Canadian businessmen
in Hong Kong and Macau.
"On behalf of the external affairs
department we visited China to identify
business opportunities for Canada. We are
also educating Chinese students and
university professors in business
administration and management on behalf
of the Canadian International IXvelopment
Agency. All MBA students from China
receive an orientation program at I BC
UDC
CvlcndaR
Michael Goldberg
before they go on to other Canadian
universities." says Dr. Goldberg.
"So our contacts with Asia are extremely-
strong. The business community should
take full advantage of them."
He has different advice tor larger
companies with more resources.
"Big companies have the advantage of
size. They have the resources to hire
someone with Asian skills, something that
few of them actually do.
"For example, a large corporation can
hire an Asian studies graduate who speaks
one or more Asian languages, knows the
culture and probably has lived in Asia.
"That person then does business tor the
corporation in Asia. Hie Asian customers
are impressed because it shows the
company cares about their culture.
Competitors selling comparable products
but without Asian cultural skills can be
beaten out.
"I estimate that corporations can hire
Asian graduates tor as little as S20.000 a
year, peanuts compared with the size of
the potential business deals."
Dr. Goldberg says that an alternative is
for a large firm lo send one of their
employees to live in Asia lor a vear or two
to learn an Asian language anil establish
business connections.
Large companies, he savs. think nothing
of investing in a multimillion-dollar
computer svstem as part of the cost of
doing business.
"But that investment depreciates. For a
fraction of the money a company can
send someone to Asia and that smaller
investment appreciates rather than
depreciates. The person's knowledge ot
Asia and its markets increases each year
anil their value lo the company increases"
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period June 15 to July 13.
notices must tic submitted on proper < Calendar
forms no later than i p.m. on Thursday. June 5
to the Community- Relations Office. 0328
Memorial Koad. Room 2<P. Old Administration Building. For more information, call
228 31s1
MONDAY, JUNE 2
Cancer Research Seminar.
Regulation and Deregulation of Auto-Immunity.
Dr. Ciei-lv Bergland, Pediatrics ()ni ologv
Department. I red I lulchinsoii Cancer Research
Center. Seattle. Lecture 'llieatre. H.C. Cancer
Researcli Centre. ()t)l VV.  10th Ave   12 noon.
CO
en
o
CO
DC
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4
Continuing Education Lecture.
Hong Kong's 1'lace in the World Economy
Stephen Fisher. Hong Kong Government
Representative at the Hong Kong Pavilion. EXPO
86. Organized in conjunction with the 1680
Summer Program tor Retired People Free to the
public. lor further information, call 111 S2-0.
Room 60. Family anil Nutritional Sciences
( Home Economics) Building   12 noon
Biochemical Discussion Group.
Transportation of Bacteriophage Vlu DNA. Dr.
George Chacon.is, I nivcrsiiv of Western
Ontario  Room 201. Wesbrook Building   I pm.
THURSDAY, JUNE 5
Psychiatry Lecture.
Premenstrual Syndrome  Dr. luilitli < .old.
Psychiatry. Dalhousie 1 ni\ersii\. Room 2N\  li.
Psychiatric I nit. Health Sciences Centre
1 lospital. 6 a.m.
Occupational Health and Safety Seminar.
Microbiological Hazards ami the Sick Building
Syndrome  Dr Mike Noble. Medical Mit robiologv.
I BC. IRC V  I 2.30 p.m.
SATURDAY, JUNE 7
Wesbrook Society Gardens Tour.
lour of the Botanical Gardens followed In a
Strawberry  lea. fc>r VV csbrc><>k Society members
and their spouses or guests  RNVP Wesbrook
Society. 228 3313- Main Garden Centre  2  I
p.m.
MONDAY, JUNE 9
Cancer Research Seminar.
Lymphocyte Transfer tor Tumor Therapy Dr.
Douglas (,. Kilburn. Microbiology. I BC.
lecture Theatre. B.C. < anccr Keseart h Centre.
601 Width Ave.  12 noon.
Pathology, Chemistry & Medicine
Lecture
NMR Spectroscopic Imaging \h: Alan VIcT.iiighlin.
Biochcmisirv school of Medic inc. I nivc-rsitv of
l'cnns\lvania. Philadelphia. Room 22S. Olicmis
try Building,  i p.m.
American Association for the Advancement of Science Lecture.
History of the ( anadian Alaskan Boundary
Survc\   I   Thomas Dutro  IR(   6. ~sli pm
TUESDAY, JUNE 10
Pathology, Chemistry & Medicine
Lecture.
NRVl Studies ot I Ivpoxia and Ischemia in the
Cat Brain. Dr. Alan McLaughlin. Biochemistn,
School of Medicine, 1 niversity of Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia. Tav Tor-Tidier l.ccuirc Theatre,
laurel Street Pavilion. VGH  The lecture will be
shown concurrently via the Knowledge Network
in the Vassar Lecture Room. Pathology Acute
< are Hospital. I BC 9 a.m.
American Association for the Advancement of Science Lecture.
Living Machines: Natural and Otherwise  Paul
VlacCready. IR(   6   12 noon.
Electrical Engineering Seminar.
Interruption of Small Inductive Currents in
Electric Power Systems Dr. Gtinicr Linghamincr.
I Tec trical Engineering. Technical I 'nivcrsitv
Munich. Germany. Room  i(>2. Electrical
Engineering Building   1:30 p.m
American Association for the Advancement of Science Lecture.
It's lime We Made Evolution Respectable-
William VI   I'hwaites. IRC 6  "30 p.m.
THURSDAY JUNE 12
Electrical Engineering Seminar.
Regression and lnstniment.il Variables Estimation of Systems. Prof. Otto Smith, Electrical
Engineering. I niversity ol California. Berkeley
Room  (02. Mcl.cod Building   1:30p.m.
Notices
Campus Walking Tours.
Hie < omniuniiy Relations < Hike otters free
guided walking tours of the I  BC campus at  10
a.m..  I p.m. and 2.30 p.m. Monday to Ericlav
throughout the- summer. Tours last approximately two hours in the morning and one hour
in the afternoon and can lie geared to the
|iarlicular interests ol the group   16 book a lour
or lor more- information, please- call the
Community  Relations Office al 228-3131.
Stage Campus '86.
live- linger Exercise bv Peter shatter will be
presented Irom lune 1 1 to 2 1   Regular
admission is sS. s i for students and seniors
Monday |ierformances are Iwo Ibr-onc. lor
information and reservations, call 22S 26~8.
Dorothv somcrsc-t studio. 8 p in
Mentoring Conference.
Tile First International Conference on
Mentoring: Aid to Excellence will be held at
IBC Training Institutes, July 21-22.  1686:
Conlerence dales July 23 2s. 1686. lor further
information, contact Vlarilynnc Gray at the
Intei'national Association for Vle'iitoring at
228-0621 or 228-8868.
language Programs.
Three week, non credit, morning programs in
Irene h begin June- 2. July   I I and August S;
.ill dav immcTsion programs begin July   I i and
Augusi S  Three week, non crcclii. morning
programs in Spanish, lapanese and Mandarin
begin July 8 and lulv 28: afternoon program in
Cantonese he-gins July 8. Lor more- information,
t all Language Programs and Services. Centre
tor ( on tinning I clue ation. at 111 ^11~.
Symposium on Native Community
Education.
Tuesday. June- 3 - Saturday June- ~: International
Symposium on Native ( omnuinilv Education
leader: Dr Willard Bill. Supervisor of Native
Indian Education. Washington state  Registra
lion fee: S26S, or S idi with six nights
accomodation al I BC. Scarfe 166. 6 a.m. June
i and Angus II) i on June -: Robson Square
.Media Centre. 6 - S p.m., June  I. S and 6. To
be- held in conjunction with: Roundtable
Discussion on Indigenous People's Education.
We-elnesdav. Thursday and Ericlav. June-  1. S and
(v. Ten indigenous educators from around the
world comment on a discussion paper bv Bill I
MusscTI of the Siolo Nation of BC  Summary
by the Hon. Thomas R. Berger 6-12 noon and
2 - S p.m. each day. Theatre-. Robson Si|uarc |
Media Centre. S2S daily or S60 for three days.
Lor details on both these events, call
228-1SOL
Sunday Afternoon Teas.
()ld fashioned English teas are offered even
Sunday afternoon from  1 to S p tn. at Cecil
Green Park, a beautiful turn of the- -century
mansion overlooking (,corgi a Snail   Lnjov
English scones with Devonshire- cream and
preserves, fresh fruit and pastries, lea
sandwiches and specialty teas and coffees
Price- is *8 So pcT person   Lor rc-sc-rv at ions, call
228 2618  food Sc-rviccs also oilers a sunelav
looel operation al the- Botanical (■arelen Visitor's
(.i-nlre. lor more information, call 228 2616
12

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