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UBC Reports Nov 3, 2005

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VOLUME  51   I  NUMBER   11   I   NOVEMBER  3,2005
2 UBC in the News 3 Health in Canada's North 4 Solving Math Mystery
io School of Music
Fetal Surgery
A 15-Year Portrait ofthe
Class of 1988
Today's young women rank among the
most educated in Canadian history, yet many
grapple with frustrations never imagined by
their mothers and grandmothers.
"Women are juggling careers and family,"
says Lesley Andres, a UBC education profes-
Andres says despite having earned comparable
post-secondary credentials, women are twice as
likely than men to be employed part-time, pooling in the clerical, sales, and services sector and
in semi-professional occupations. In contrast,
men work primarily in middle management, and
'We're trying to cram female life trajectories into models based on
male trajectories; these models do not fit the lives that women lead."
sor who has gathered 15 years of data on
youth's transition to adulthood in her research
project Paths on Life's Way.  "Men experience
these roles in very different ways."
Paths on Life's Way is the only project of its
kind in B.C. and one of a handful in Canada.
Between 1988 and 2003, Andres conducted
surveys and interviews at five-year intervals to
trace the major rites of passage for more than
730 individuals.
The study yields a rich and complex portrait of the high school graduating class of
1988, from post-secondary education through
to work, marriage, friendships and children.
A picture emerges of a generation that
enjoys more educational choices than ever in
B.C.'s history, yet these young people tend to
repeat the class and social patterns and gender
roles seen within their families, schools and
Andres found that between 1998 and
2003, 95 per cent ofthe women in her study
were engaged in paid work. Yet prevailing
social institutions don't support this reality,
says Andres.
"We're trying to cram female life trajectories into models based on male trajectories;
these models do not fit the lives that women
as semi-professionals and professionals.
"It's not surprising that for the most part,
women are less happy than men."
Andres points out that it has taken women
15 years to catch up to men in the area of
employer-paid benefits such as health care. She
adds that women are also less likely to participate in work-place training required by their
employers and receive fewer hours of training.
"One finding that really surprised me is the
relationship between delayed parenthood and
social class," says Andres.
For example, she says, within five years of
leaving high school, 27 per cent of women and
10 per cent of men with no post-secondary education had children.
"In contrast, for that same period, only .09
per cent of women who had earned university
degrees had children. For the men, it was .05
per cent."
The study reveals how blithely and even
blindly young people make choices that will
mark their lives forever.
"What really struck me right from the beginning, " says Andres, "was how little they knew
or had thought about their post-secondary educational choices or careers. You see this naivete
of youth, how unproblematic they think their
continued on page 8
UBC Education Prof. Lesley Andres traces the steps and decisions of more than 730
individuals in their transition from youth to adulthood.
UBC Okanagan Sitting on
Geothermal "Gold Mine"
Vast aquifer below Kelowna campus provides more sustainable
heating options, bybudmortenson
Groundwater will be used to heat and cool
$400 million worth of new buildings
planned for the UBC Okanagan campus in
Kelowna, with the promise of major
benefits for the local environment.
Technology known as groundwater
geo-exchange will eventually replace the
existing natural gas plant, which is nearing
the end of its lifespan. Built to heat and
cool today's 500,000 square feet of building
space, the current conventional plant lacks
capacity to service an additional one million
square feet of space on the Campus Master
Plan drawing board. Turning to a natural
resource in plentiful supply under the
campus presented a great option.
"It's a huge win-win for the environment
and for the University," says Aidan
Kiernan, Associate Vice President of
Operations at UBC Okanagan.
"Over a 20-year period, a groundwater
heat exchange system will prevent 38,000
tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions into the
atmosphere," he says.   "That's equivalent
to taking 8,000 cars off the road, or
planting 18,000 acres of fruit trees or
vineyards — four times the current
vine-producing land in the Okanagan."
The concept is relatively simple: pump
10.5°C (51°F) water out of a natural
underground water body — known as an
aquifer — and compress it in winter months
to raise the temperature to about 54 °C
(130°F) to heat buildings, or use it for
cooling in the long, hot Okanagan
"Then we'll put it all back into the
aquifer," says Kiernan. "That's the important thing, to put the water back. We will
continued on page 5
The UBC Okanagan campus in north Kelowna sits atop an enormous gravel deposit and a
plentiful supply of groundwater — an ideal combination for geo-exchange heating and cooling.
UBC's AGM and Annual Report
Join UBC's Annual General Meeting via webcast from 12 noon — 1 p.m. on
Thursday, November 3, 2005. The event will be broadcast from UBC Okanagan
and features reports from President Martha Piper and Terry Sumner, Vice President,
Administration and Finance. Students, faculty and staff will be able to submit
questions via e-mail for the question and answer session.
Read UBC's annual report at www.ubc.ca/annualreport I      UBC      REPORTS       |      NOVEMBER     3,     2OO5
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"Frank and Don made me feel very comfortable with their advice and
long range planning. Their knowledge of the faculty pension plan is
also a plus for UBC professors."
Dr. J. H. McNeill,
Professor, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
Call or e-mail today for a complimentary retirement analysis
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Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in October 2005. CO MPiled BY RANDY SCHMIDT
Andrew Mack is the former Strategic
Planning Director in the Executive office of
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
The World is More Peaceful
than at Any Time in 12 Years
In a story carried by Associated
Press, Reuters and United Press
International, and picked up in
many Canadian, U.S. and international dailies including the Globe
and Mail, Washington Post and the
Guardian, Andrew Mack unveiled
the first Human Security Report at
the United Nations.
Mack, who is director of the
Human Security Centre at UBC's
Liu Institute of Global Issues, led an
effort to track political violence
around the world and found,
among other things, conflicts seem
to be down 40 per cent since 1992,
and the deadliest conflicts (those
with more than 1,000 battle-deaths)
are down by 80 per cent.
"What is actually the case is that
we've seen this extraordinary
improvement across the board in
nearly all forms of political violence, except international terrorism, which doesn't kill a lot of people. And yet most people believe
things are getting worse," said
Mack, in the Globe and Mail.
Something Else to Lose Sleep
Over: Getting Sick
According to recent studies reported
in dozens of major media outlets
throughout the U.S. and around the
world last month, too little or erratic sleep may heighten people's risk
for a variety of major illnesses
including cancer, heart disease, diabetes and obesity.
"We're shifting to a 24-hour-a-
day, seven-day-a-week society, and
as a result we're increasingly not
sleeping like we used to," said
Najib T. Ayas of the University of
British Columbia, in The
Washington Post. "We're
really only now starting
to understand how that
is affecting health, and it
appears to be significant. "
A large, new study, for
example, sampled nearly
10,000 adults in the
United States and found
that lack of sleep may
disrupt hormones that
regulate appetite, resulting in a greater chance of
Bathtubs, Black Holes
and Theoretical
Theoretical physicist Bill
Unruh, a world-recognized expert and professor at the University of
British Columbia, says part of
understanding black holes might
come from developing a sonic
"At that point where the velocity
of the water is just equal to the
velocity of sound, sound trying to
get out is pulled back in just as fast
as it's trying to get out. So you have
a surface that's just like in a black
hole where light can never escape,
except here you have a surface
where sound can never escape."
You can see this happening whenever you drain a bathtub, he
explains in an article in the Toronto
"As the water gets shallow
enough, eventually the water flowing out the plug hole is going faster
than these waves can travel and you
get the analogue of a black hole in
your bathtub. The interesting thing
is because the water is always
swirling as it goes out of the bathtub, that's actually an analogue to a
rotating black hole," he says.
Time Out: Take this Job and
Shelve it
Executives who take a mid-career
break often return to work with
new perspectives and renewed energy, says Marc-David Seidel, an assis
tant professor at the University of
British Columbia's Sauder School of
Many top executives are taking a
break from work in their 40s and
50s, using the time to re-evaluate
their careers and personal lives
reports the Globe and Mail.
The time away from work can be
used to sharpen skills or investigate
options in another industry. " [I]f
you are looking for a new
challenge, if you are trying to
change to a better industry, you
should build your skills and be
prepared to give a convincing story
that will be helpful when you look
for a new job," Prof. Seidel says.
Prof. Seidel also advises people to
leave their jobs in a way that
does not cause friction. "Don't
leave people high and dry because, if
the organization gets damaged by
your departure, that will come back
to haunt you and damage your
future career," he recommends.
Theory: Attractive Males Pass
Genes that Put Daughters at
UBC graduate student Arianne
Albert has proposed a theory that
implies females may be better off
choosing less attractive mates
because they will produce daughters
who are fitter.
Albert worked with Zoology Prof.
Sarah Otto to proposed the evolutionary model of sexual selection
that was published in Science.
Explaining the theory in related stories printed in the Ottawa Citizen,
Winnipeg Free Press, Calgary Herald
and Vancouver Province, Albert said
that when a female mates with a
flashy male, his traits may also be
passed on to the daughter and put
her at a disadvantage.
"With humans, you could think
about it as being something as minor
as hip width," she says of the theory's possible applications.
"Say males with narrow hips are
more attractive, which is pretty accurate, I think. But if he's going to
make his daughters have narrow
hips, that's going to be bad for them
because they're going to have a hard
time during childbirth." □
Fall Congregation
Fall Congregation ceremonies
at UBC will be held Wed.
Nov. 23 and Thurs. Nov. 24
at 8:30 a.m., 11 a.m., 1:30
p.m., and 4 p.m. each day at
the Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts. On Nov. 23,
an honorary degree will be
given to Shirley Thomson, a
leading advocate for creative
and performing artists in
Canada. For more information
about Congregation and to
view ceremonies live via webcast, visit
www.graduation.ubc.ca. □
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Randy Schmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Sharmini Thiagarajah sharmini©exchange.ubc.ca
Assistant Designer
P K Chan ping.chan@ubc.ca
Principal Photography
Martin Dee martin.dee@ubc.ca
Lorraine Chan lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
Brian Lin brian.lin@ubc.ca
Bud Mortenson bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Sarah Walker public.affairs@ubc.ca
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randy.schmidt@ubc.ca or call UBC.NEWS (604.822.6397) UBC      REPORTS      |       NOVEMBER     3,     2OO5      |      3
Health in
Canada's Far
Research Reveals
Challenges in Infection
Sexually transmitted infections
(STIs) among some Canadian
Inuit people may be almost six
times the rate previously estimated, according to research done by
a UBC graduate student.
Audrey Steenbeek, who receives
her PhD in Health Care and
Epidemiology at this month's
Congregation ceremonies, spent a
year in a Nunavut community,
exploring STI prevalence, screening and sexual partner networks.
It is the only such study ever
done in Nunavut.
"Government bodies need to
understand that northern communities are not being well represented in research," says Steenbeek.
"You have to live up there to get
the data and get the trust to really
find out what's going on."
Steenbeek is the first PhD graduate and one of 30 students in the
Western Regional Training Centre
for Health Services Research
(WRTC), an interdisciplinary centre designed to support training of
applied health services researchers.
A UBC alumna, Steenbeek spent
a year working as an outpost
nurse in the Baffin region and collecting data for her study.
Individuals living in the region
have particular challenges in combating STIs, she says. Isolation —
most communities are accessible
by plane only — and a relatively
small population create a limited
pool of potential sexual partners.
In such isolated communities,
groups of friends can have sexual
partners in common, allowing reinfection to occur within the sexual network.
Steenbeek surveyed 181 Inuit
men and women aged 15-65 years
and tested them for chlamydia
and gonorrhea. Survey questions
asked about use of health services,
knowledge of STIs, high-risk
behaviours and perceived risks
and barriers of condom use.
In addition, a random sample of
100 individuals from this group
was followed up in an additional
four visits. At each visit, people
were screened for chlamydia and
gonorrhea and asked about sexu-
PhD grad Audrey Steenbeek spent a year in Nunavut researching issues
surrounding sexually transmitted infections.
al/social networks and condom
Steenbeek found 35 cases of
chlamydia during the entire study
period. The number of cases gave
an overall prevalence of 15.6 per
cent in comparison with 2.7 per
cent estimated from previous STI
counts. No gonorrhea was detected.
National rates of chlamydia
infection were 179.3 cases per
100,000 people, in 2002, according to Health Canada.
Infections were most prevalent
among 15-25 year-olds, with
many individuals unaware of the
consequences of STIs, which for
women can include pelvic inflammatory disease as well as being a
risk factor for cervical cancer.
Nunavut has some of the highest
rates of cervical cancer in Canada.
Reducing STIs is often not a
high priority in Canada, especially
in these regions where they are
struggling to establish a basic
health-care system, says
Steenbeek. Challenges to delivering health care in the far north
include the high turnover of
health-care personnel and costs of
travel to hospital — which alone
can eat up more than half of overall health budgets.
"Prevention programs need to
be customized to northern communities," she says. "Residents
and community health nurses
often aren't involved in developing
disease prevention and health promotion strategies so community
members don't feel like they have
ownership. Also, there's a paternalistic view of heath care in these
areas — people and programs
parachute' in and then leave.
Ideally, Inuit people should be
assisted to run their own health
Existing prevention strategies
offered by Nunavut Health and
Social Services do identify some
infections among women at the
time of prenatal or other exams.
None of the prevention strategies
include men, however, creating a
potential pool of undetected infections. Because chlamydia can be
asymptomatic for both men and
women, infected individuals may
transmit infections without being
aware of it.
Steenbeek recommends that
individuals who live in Inuit communities, and who are not in
monogamous relationships, be
screened every six months or
annually. Results can be available
within 48 hours, even in remote
locations, and effective treatments
are available.
"We need to use initiative,
effort and money to break these
destructive patterns of infection.
Inuit people are incredible people,
who deserve better access to
health care, screening and prevention programs," she says.
She has shared some results
with the community and has presented her findings to the Nunavut
Research Institute and in Siberia
at a conference on circumpolar
After Congregation, Steenbeek
will take up a faculty position in
the Dept. of Nursing at Dalhousie
University in Nova Scotia.
The WRTC, headed by Sam
Sheps, a UBC professor of Health
Care and Epidemiology, operates
in collaboration with the
University of Manitoba. WRTC
recently received renewal funding
of $1.2 million over six years from
the Canadian Health Services
Research Foundation. For more
information on WRTC, visit
http://www.wrtc-hsr.ca. □
Update: UBC United Way
With over $290,000 raised, the
2005 UBC United Way Campaign
is well underway.
"Support from the campus
community has been tremendous
— we're already halfway to our
goal and the donations continue
to come in," says Laura
Laverdure, coordinator for this
year's campaign. "While traditional fundraisers such as the Kick-Off
Event in September or Land and
Building Services' International
Food Festival continue to be very
successful, new fundraisers, such
as the $1 donation coupons being
sold at Food Services establishments or the VP Students &
Equity Relay Race on Oct. 25 are
helping to raise funds and awareness throughout campus."
One of the reasons this year's
campaign is continuing to build
on the success of previous years is
the participation of staff in presentations hosted by this year's UBC
Loaned Representative, Don
Erhardt. "Presentations go beyond
United Way's website and
brochures by incorporating personal stories, further insight as to
where your dollars go and an
opportunity to answer any questions donors have," says Erhardt.
To learn more about how contributions make a difference, visit
www.unitedway.ubc.ca. There is
still time to book a presentation
for your department and
donations will be accepted until
the end ofthe tax year, Dec. 31.
For more information about this
year's campaign or to book a
presentation, please contact
Laura Laverdure, Campaign
Coordinator at
604-822-8929 or by email at
united.way@ubc.ca. □
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REPORTS       |      NOVEMBER     3,     2OO5
Finding Order in Chaos
Prof finds new clues in puzzle that has stymied
mathematicians. BY BRIAN LIN   (with hies from Mari-Lou Rowley)
Water freezes at zero degrees
Celsius and vapourizes at 100.
These are just two of the most common examples of phase transition,
where changes in a
"Phase transitions are observed in
nature, studied by physicists and
seen numerically on the computer,
but from a mathematical perspective, they are still very mysterious,"
says Slade.
The heart of the mystery lies in
the critical point that divides two
completely different but stable states
of being — as zero degree Celsius is
to water and ice. While typically
very different possibilities, and
appears to exhibit utter irregularity.
"One way of looking at it is that
the molecules can't decide which form
of behaviour they want to adopt."
By applying probability theory to
this randomness, however, Slade has
found order in the form of fractals, a
geometric pattern that, on a large
scale, appears irregular but when
divided and magnified, repeats the
original pattern.
"Imagine the molecules moving
randomly along a path. If you take a
section of that path and blow it up
mathematically, it bears amazing
resemblance to the original path. The
similarity appears again when you
take a little piece of that section and
"Phase transitions are observed in nature, studied by physicists and seen numerically
on the computer, but from a mathematical perspective, they are still very mysterious."
parameter cause physical properties
to metamorphose.
By studying and mathematically
modeling the fine line between two
completely different physical properties — the temperature where ice
melts or water vapourizes, for example — math professor Gordon Slade
has proven there is order in chaos.
characterized as sporadic and random, Slade is convinced there is
underlying mathematical structure.
"During phase transition, varying
a particular parameter such as temperature changes the physical properties of the entire system," says
Slade. "Right at the critical point,
the system is poised between two
magnify it, and so on."
Slade has also found that Brownian
motion — a mathematical model
discovered by botanist Robert Brown
in 1827 — proves extremely accurate
in modeling this self-similarity
Often described as a "drunkard's
walk," Brownian motion has been
used to describe random movements
in a variety of areas, from subatomic physics to stock market
fluctuations. The application of
Brownian motion to critical
phenomena, Slade says, greatly
contributes to the understanding of
critical phenomena and helps enable
scientists to accurately predict
behaviour at the critical point.
"One ofthe main goals in
mathematics is finding elegant and
short solutions that cut to the heart
of things. Intriguing clues are now
being found towards solving a puzzle
that has stymied mathematicians for
more than half a century."
Read more about Prof. Slade s
work in probability theory in the
latest issue of Synergy, the Faculty of
Science newsletter, at http://www.sci-
ence.ubc.ca/synergy.htm □
Coaching Program a First among Universities
Elite athletes like Tiger Woods
along with Fortune 500 CEOs have
long touted the potent benefits of
A more surprising advocate of
coaching is Dr. Dorothy Shaw,
Associate Dean of Faculty Affairs, at
UBC Faculty of Medicine.
Shaw was one of the first clients of
UBC Coaching Services, a unique
program that UBC Human
Resources' Organizational
Development and Learning (ODL)
unit piloted in 2003. Through the
program, UBC makes this service
available free of charge to its 15,000
staff and faculty members. Its leaders
believe UBC is the only university in
the world to do so.
"Coaching supports what I've
always believed — that communication has to be two-
way, either with students or patients,"
says Shaw, who specializes in obstetrics
and gynecology.
During 2000 to
2005, Shaw served as
the Associate Dean of
Equity in the Faculty
of Medicine and saw
up close the need to
spark change.
"If you want people to excel, they
discovering a small change that can
act as the lever for even greater
The strong feedback and support
from Shaw and the Faculty of
Medicine were key in growing the
service, says Erna Hagge, who leads
UBC Coaching Services.
"While other universities provide
executive coaching," says Hagge, "we
want to develop everyone's leadership
potential as part of UBC's Trek 2010
vision and People Plan."
Hagge travels to San Jose,
California this month to present
UBC's coaching initiative at the 10th
annual International Coach
Federation (ICF) conference, an event
that attracts more than 5,000 delegates.
Coaching's popularity signals a
widespread cultural shift, says Hagge.
Non-university clients must pay
$200 to $400 an hour for UBC
Coaching Services. UBC Human
Resources is working on a pilot project to offer students complimentary
coaching by next fall.
The program has 42 volunteer
coaches who are all certified by ICF
or the International Association of
Coaches. Ten are UBC faculty and
staff — who coach in addition to their
regular jobs — and 32 are external
coaches with private practices in B.C.,
Alberta and Toronto.
Vancouver coach Doug Brockway
has volunteered with UBC Coaching
Services since its start in 2003.
Brockway is currently seeing two
UBC clients and would take on more
if his busy schedule allowed him to.
"I want to see this program succeed
because I believe in the power of
To date, more than 200 UBC staff and faculty have received individual
or group coaching sessions.
have to feel valued,"
says Shaw.
Shaw says UBC
Coaching Services
helped her and senior
colleagues clarify
their goals and values. "We became
clear that we want to
create a culture
where it's the norm
to give positive feedback. We're looking
at ways to help people bring more balance to their lives."
To hone her leadership abilities, Shaw
completed a six-
month training and
coaching certification
program at Royal
Roads University in
Victoria last
"Coaching is asking questions, listening without judgment, " says Shaw.
"It's about helping
people understand
they have the
answers within and
Dr. Dorothy Shaw
makes coaching part
of her everyday
"We're moving away from the deficit-
based society to instead looking at
what's right about the person, the situation or organization, and building
from there."
To date, more than 200 UBC staff
and faculty have received individual
or group coaching sessions. For confidential, one-on-one sessions, clients
commit to a three-month contract.
Every two weeks they spend one hour
with their coach, either in person, or
by phone with occasional e-mail
support. Upon completion, they may
request another three-month contract
if coaches are available.
coaching to create a sustainable work
environment," says Brockway, a former behaviour therapist.
He usually charges $325 per hour
and has a client list that includes
Telus, BC Hydro, Fairmont Hotel and
Steelcase Canada.
"The existing culture at UBC is for
senior managers to be available 24/7,"
says Brockway. "It's lonely at the top,
and I'm a safe place for them to
bounce ideas, to strategize. It could be
something as simple as, 'I need
balance, this weekend is mine.'"
For more information, visit
http://www.hr.ubc.ca/odl/coaching/ □
What Attracts Peopli
b to UBC and What
Makes them Stay and Thrive?
During this summer and fall,
Extraordinary: A People Plan
UBC consulted staff and
for UBC.   The People Plan
faculty about best people
aims to create a study and
practices in areas of faculty
work environment that carries
and staff renewal, leadership,
out the vision articulated in
management practices and
UBC's Trek 2010 strategic
day-to-day workplace
plan. The People Plan will be
contributions. Input from inter
implemented between June
views, surveys and focus
2006 and December 2009.
groups will shape Creating the
www.peopleplan.ubc.ca IC      REPORTS      |       NOVEMBER     3,      2OO5      |      5
Engineer Cooks up Recipe for a Pollution-Free Future
BYBRIAN   LI N (with files from ErinRose Handy)
A research project at UBC could help reduce harmful vehicle emissions and help Canada meet its Kyoto Protocol goals.
A UBC mechanical engineer is
cooking up a recipe to dramatically
reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
Asst. Prof. Martin Davy is
launching a new research project
intended to reduce harmful vehicle
emissions by gradually replacing
traditional fuels with blends of
natural gas and hydrogen until
pure hydrogen with zero harmful
emissions can be used.
"Traditional hydrocarbon fuels
such as gasoline and diesel contain
a substantial quantity of carbon
and produce significant amounts of
carbon dioxide," says Davy. "The
more completely theses fuels burn,
the more greenhouse-gas emissions
are produced."
Methane — commonly referred
to as natural gas — on the other
hand, contains approximately half
the carbon content compared to
traditional fuels, and is at the
centre of current fuel cell research
aimed at creating vehicles that
produce water vapour as their only
While fuel cell vehicles won't be
a reality for at least another
decade, Davy says progressively
modifying current internal combustion engines to include methane
and other gaseous fuels can reduce
greenhouse-gas emission right
He is building on research by
fellow UBC professor Robert
Evans, whose partially-stratified-
charge technique allows the use of
natural gas in conventional engines
to reduce emissions and increase
fuel efficiency. Davy recently
received a Canada Foundation for
Innovation grant to determine how
to best inject methane into the
engine — and how much gaseous
fuel to throw into the mix.
"We have this fuel soup swirling
around with different chemicals.
Identifying harmful emissions
within this soup is a significant
challenge," says Davy. "However,
by using lasers to excite molecules
with a burst of energy, we can
cause certain of the pollutants
to fluoresce. We photograph the
reaction to identify where they are
in relation to the flame, which
helps us determine how well the
fuel and air have mixed and how
we can optimize the mixing process
so the combustion occurs as cleanly as possible."
Read more about Prof. Davy's
research in the latest issue of
Ingenuity, the Faculty of Applied
Science newsletter, at
neering.html □
U BC Okanagan
Sitting on
Geothermal "Gold
I %* continued from page 1
ensure our impact on the environment is minimized. We have to
walk the walk, not just talk the
Heating and cooling with
groundwater will save a bundle in
energy costs. Although building
the geo-exchange system will cost
$6 million — about $1 million
more than a conventional gas-fired
heating plant — it is expected to
directly above two extremely
desirable geological features: a
vast aquifer with a year-round
temperature of about 10.5°C, and
a 75-metre (250-foot) thick gravel
bed that will allow groundwater to
be pumped up and put back where
it came from, with virtually no
measurable impact on the aquifer's
volume or pressure.
" It truly is exactly what you
people have the nuts and bolts to
do this, and they don't do it. They
don't have the vision," he
Sustainability is part of the UBC
Okanagan Academic Plan, and it's
being built into operational plans.
Kiernan notes that he has been
working with the UBC Campus
Sustainability Office in Vancouver
to establish a comprehensive pro-
"There are lots of places where people have the nuts and bolts to do
this, and they don't do it. They don't have the vision."
save at least $100,000 a year in
energy costs.
Kiernan has a history of seeking
ways to apply alternative energy
systems. He introduced a seawater
heat exchange system for the
marine science facility when he
worked at Memorial University in
Newfoundland. At the former
Okanagan University College's
KLO Road Campus in south
Kelowna he devised a system that
captures heat from the City of
Kelowna's neighbouring
wastewater treatment plant.
Bringing that experience to UBC
Okanagan, Kiernan has been
working with engineers and
hydrogeologists for the past year
to explore a geo-exchange system
for the campus. "The analysis was
that we are sitting on a gold
mine," says Kiernan.
The campus happens to sit
look for in an aquifer to support
an open loop for groundwater
exchange," says Kevin Rafferty
an Oregon-based geo-exchange
consultant on the UBC Okanagan
project. "You want to see the
ability of the aquifer to produce
and accept a large flow of water."
Taking water out of the aquifer
is one thing. It's another thing to
get the water back in. That's where
the enormous gravel deposit comes
into play. It has the capacity to
receive water from either
pressurized injection wells or a
rapid infiltration lagoon that
would allow water to percolate
back into the ground.
A veteran of geo-exchange
projects from Florida to the
Yukon, Rafferty says tapping into
groundwater is an energy-saving
option that's often overlooked.
"There are lots of places where
gram that will include recycling
and selecting environmentally
sustainable cleaning products,
paint, building materials — even
office furniture. And, passive
solar heating is being considered
to help meet peak hot water
demands in two new residence
buildings already under
The first buildings to go online
with geo-exchange heating will be
a new multipurpose building in
May 2007, and the Engineering
and Management building in
September 2007.
"We will provide geo-exchange
technology for all new construction on campus and see if existing
buildings can be retrofitted later,"
Kiernan says. "We think this will
receive worldwide attention —
that we will be the go-to place to
see how to do it." □
Lunch: 11:00 - 1:00pm & 1:45pm - 3:45pm
Dinner: 530pm
^bJu.Ce ol<s*a\ fe^eA A*rA\$A$Xe- 'UIBG %>*,jLe4<k<!>jj
The UBC Christmas Bakeshop
November 7- December 22
Phone: 604-822-5717       www.foodserv.ubc.ca 6     I
IC      REPORTS      |       NOVEMBER     3,      2OO5
Call  For  Comments
The draft policy entitled "Management of the Wireless Network" was presented to
the Board of Governors for information and review on September 29, 2005. It was
prepared by a review committee of fifteen members, drawing from a broad cross-section
of the University community at UBC Vancouver and UBC Okanagan, and is now being
presented to the community for public comments. The members of the committee that
formulated the proposed policy were:
Review Committee
• Hubert Lai, University Counsel (Chair)
• Brian Heathcote, Chief Financial Officer, Housing and Conferences
• Dan Murray, Physics and Astronomy, UBC Okanagan
• Don Thompson, Computing Services, UBC Okanagan
• Dave Michelson, Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
• Gwen Zilm, Associate Vice President, Learning Services, UBC Okanagan
• Jennie Orpen, Merchandise Manager, Bookstore
• Jonn Martell, Manager, IT Strategy Info Technology
• Jovan Miladinovic, Manager, IT Connectivity Services
• Karen Szeto, Legal Counsel
• Kent Ashby, Legal Counsel
• Peter Ward, Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts
• Richard Spencer, Executive Director, IT Strategy Information Technology
• Ulrich Rauch, Director, Arts Instructional Support and Information Technology
• Michael Pidwirny, Geography, UBC Okanagan
Access to Copy of Draft
The draft policy entitled "Management of the Wireless Network" was posted for
comments on October 11, 2005 at www.universitycounsel.ubc.ca/news/index.html.
Submissions of Comment
Feedback may be submitted by email to the Office of the University Counsel at
university.counsel@ubc.ca. All feedback should be submitted by 1:00 pm on
November 10, 2005.
Board of Governor Consideration
Subject to feedback from this public consultation process, it is expected that this
proposed document will be submitted to the Board of Governors with a request for
final approval at its regularly scheduled meeting in December of 2005.
1. Governing Principles
Where UBCIT provides wireless network connectivity reliability, usability,
sustainability, security and cost are paramount to the user and the provider.
2. Scope
2.1. Locations and Devices Affected By This Policy
2.1.1. This policy governs the deployment and use of electronic devices that
operate in any licence-exempt radio frequency band used for high speed
wireless network connectivity, including, but not limited to, the 2.400-
2.483, 5.15-5.35, 5.470-5.725, and 5.725-5.825 GHz bands.
2.1.2. This policy applies in all areas where wireless access points installed by
UBCIT provide wireless coverage, except as excluded elsewhere in this
2.2. Exclusions
2.2.1. This policy does not apply where wireless coverage is not provided by
UBCIT, such as the market developments within the University Town
area of the Point Grey campus.
2.2.2. This policy does not apply to devices within a specific facility or area
operated by the UBC Department of Housing and Conferences if:
a) the affected area is entirely within the specific facility or area it
operates; and
b) the Director, or Director's designate, of the UBC Department of
Housing and Conferences determines that UBCIT wireless network
connectivity is not required in the affected area.
2.2.3. This policy does not apply to devices in specific locations to the extent
that the Associate Vice-President, Information Technology or his/her
designate determines that wireless network connectivity is not required
in the affected area.
3. Rights and Responsibilities
3.1. UBCIT may actively monitor electromagnetic interference with the UBC
wireless network and carry out random checks on devices that interfere, or
might interfere, with the operation of the UBC wireless network.
3.2. Any device that interferes with the normal operation of the UBC wireless
network must be disconnected and powered off unless and until a method of
eliminating the interference is found. UBCIT is authorized to request that such
devices not be used, and to remove them if necessary. Anyone who wishes to
use a device that interferes with the wireless network may be required to pay
the costs of eliminating the interference.
Board of Governors
Policy No.:
Version No.:
Approval Date:
December 2005
Last Revision:
[N/A - New]
Next Review:
Responsible Executive:
Vice-President, Academic and Provost
Management of the Wireless Network
Preamble - Background &c Purposes
The Problem
The UBC wireless network, provided by UBCIT, is part of UBC's
telecommunications and data network. Devices that operate in the same frequency
bands as the UBC wireless network, such as wireless networking devices, cordless
phones, microwave ovens, audio speakers, still cameras, video cameras, and
other equipment, can interfere with the UBC wireless network, and can introduce
performance, reliability, usability, sustainability, and security problems.
The Purpose
UBCIT must be entitled to monitor and limit electromagnetic interference with
the UBC wireless network in order to ensure the highest level of service while
minimizing support costs.
Note: Who Should Read This Policy
• All units of UBC
• Students in UBC housing
• Responsible Executive
• Associate Vice-President, Information Technology
• Director of UBC Department of Housing and Conferences
Related Policies, Materials, And Notes
For further information on the use of University IT resources please review:
• Policy #104 (Responsible Use of Information Technology Facilities and
Services); and
• Policy #106 (Access to and Security of Administrative Information Systems)
4. Appeal Process
4.1. Anyone who is asked to remove a device, or pay related costs, may appeal.
Appeals are to be handled as follows:
4.1.1. Appeals are to be filed with the Responsible Executive or his/her
4.1.2. Appeals are to be convened and heard by the Responsible Executive, or
his/her designate(s), as arbitrator at a meeting of the relevant parties.
The decision of the arbitrator will be final and binding.
4.1.3. The Responsible Executive may have more than one designate if he/she
determines that local consideration of appeals at UBC Vancouver or
UBC Okanagan campuses is desirable.
5. Definitions
In this policy the following terms have the meaning defined below, and shall have
the same meaning in any administration and management procedures under this
Responsible Executive
1) the individual(s) specified under the heading
"Responsible Executive" in the heading information
table above section 1 of this policy; and
2) any person delegated to fulfill that person(s) role
except to the extent that delegation is specifically
The University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia Information
Technology Department
Certified Approved by Board of Governors
Board Secretary (signature or seal)
Dated Approved
Date Signed/Sealed UBC      REPORTS       |      NOVEMBER     3 ,     2OO5      |      7
(01 September 2004 to 31 August 2005)
Under section 61 of the University Act, the President of the University has authority to
impose discipline on students for academic and non-academic offences (see pages 48
& 49 of the 2004/2005 University Calendar). A summary of such disciplinary cases is
published on a regular basis, without disclosing the names of the students involved.
In the period September 1, 2004 to August 31, 2005, 48 students appeared before
the President's Advisory Committee on Student Discipline and 39 were subsequently
disciplined. For each case, the events leading to the imposition of the discipline and
the discipline imposed are summarized below. Discipline may vary depending upon the
circumstances of a particular case.
1. A student committed several serious academic misconducts when he/she lied to a
UBC Undergraduate Program Office in order to obtain academic concessions and
he/she forged medical documentation in an attempt to deceive the Office about
his/her illness.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 12 months*.
2. A student plagiarized his/her term paper for a course and then he/she submitted
substantially the same paper, with the plagiarized parts, for another course.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a mark of zero in both courses and a suspension
from the University for 4 months *.
3. A student allegedly submitted an assignment that was plagiarized from another
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
4. A student committed several acts of academic misconduct, namely; (i) he/she
submitted an assignment for another student that he/she had plagiarized from
his/her previous assignment in the same course, and he/she did so knowing it
constituted plagiarism; (ii) he/she attempted to conceal his/her plagiarism when
he/she deleted some files from the other student's account; (iii) he/she had access to
the other student's password ID contrary to department policy; and (iv) he/she lied
initially about what actually occurred.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 8 months *.
5. A student committed plagiarism by asking another student to write and submit
his/her assignment and the student lied to two professors about when he/she knew
that the assignment was plagiarized and other details regarding the case.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension for 12 months from the
University *.
6. A student submitted an essay with portions that had been written by his/her tutor
and submitted these portions as his/her own work. The portions written by the
student's tutor were plagiarized from Internet sources.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
12 months*.
7. A student allegedly committed a misconduct by intending to injure another person.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
8. A student cheated in Language Proficiency Index examination by arranging to
exchange his/her exam paper for the exam of another student so that he/she could
submit the other student's exam under his/her name.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 12 months*.
9. A student assisted another student to cheat on his/her Language Proficiency Index
examination by arranging to exchange his/her exam paper for the exam of the
other student so that he/she could submit the student's exam under his/her name.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 12 months*.
10. A student submitted a plagiarized report.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a suspension from the University for 4 months *.
11. A student brought unauthorized materials (wallet size lecture notes) into a
closed-book exam and attempted to refer to them during the exam.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University
for 8 months *.
12. A student was found to have (i) entered a private UBC residence building without
authorization or invitation; (ii) discharged fire safety equipment, rendering it
unavailable for use in case of an emergency; and (iii) used a water fire extinguisher
to attack two residents.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
13. A student was found to have (i) entered a private UBC residence building
without authorization or invitation; (ii) discharged fire safety equipment, rendering
it unavailable for use in case of an emergency: (iii) used a water fire extinguisher to
attack two residents: and (iv) was involved in a physical altercation with
one resident.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
14. A student assisted another student to cheat on his/her Language Proficiency Index
exam by arranging to exchange his/her examination for the exam of the other
student so that the other student could submit the exam under his/her name.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 12 months *.
15. A student cheated in the Language Proficiency Index by arranging to exchange
his/her exam for the exam of another student so that he/she could submit the exam
under his/her name.
Discipline: A suspension from the University for 12 months *.
16. A student committed an academic misconduct by cheating on examinations.
In particular, the student and another student colluded with and copied from each
other on four separate examinations in four courses.
Discipline: A mark of zero in all four courses and a suspension from the University
for 12 months*.
17. A student committed an academic misconduct by cheating on examinations.
In particular, the student and another student colluded with and copied from each
other on four separate examinations in four courses.
Discipline: A mark of zero in all four courses and a suspension from the University
for 12 months*.
18. A student allegedly submitted a report that was plagiarized from websites on
the Internet.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
19. A student allegedly offered money to another student in order to join his/her study
group for a course.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
20. A student cheated by arranging for another person to write his/her final exam.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
12 months*.
21. A student plagiarized his/her assignment.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a letter of reprimand*.
22. A student cheated in a final exam when he/she stole another student's exam paper
from the room, erased the other student's name from the cover page, inserted
his/her own name, replaced the cover page of the other student's exam with his/her
cover page and submitted the other student's exam as his/her own.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
16 months *.
23. A student plagiarized his/her written portion of a group report.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
4 months*.
24. A student plagiarized his/her research project.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a letter of severe reprimand*.
25. A student plagiarized in three courses.
Discipline: A mark of zero in all three courses and suspension from the University
for 12 months*.
26. A student assisted another student to commit plagiarism.
Discipline: A letter of reprimand.
27. A student plagiarized an assignment.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for
4 months*.
28. A student admitted that he/she had engaged in a strategy of deception to
conceal the fact that another person submitted his/her formula sheet after the
exam was finished.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a mark of zero on the examination and a
suspension from the University for 4 months *.
29. A student committed a misconduct by breaking and entering and vandalizing a
room in a university building.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a suspension from the University for 4 months *
30. A student allegedly submitted a report that was plagiarized from Internet sources.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
31. A student allegedly submitted a plagiarized work for inclusion in a publication.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
32. A student allegedly plagiarized another student's assignment.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed. UBC     REPORTS      |      NOVEMBER     3,     2005
33.  A student failed to disclose his/her previous attendance at a college on his/her
application for admission to UBC.
Discipline: In the circumstances, no discipline warranted.
42.  A student received a copy of an assignment and submitted it as his/her
own assignment.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a suspension from the University for 4 months *.
34. A student failed to disclose his/her previous attendance at a college on his/her
application for admission to UBC.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
35. A student failed to disclose his/her previous attendance at a college on his/her
application for admission to UBC.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
43. A student allegedly assisted another student to cheat.
Discipline: Allegation dismissed
44. A student cheated on a midterm examination by changing the original incorrect
answers on the exam and then submitting the exam for regrading.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
12 months*.
36. A student failed to disclose his/her previous attendance at a college on his/her
application for admission to UBC.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
37. A student cheated by submitting an assignment as entirely his/her own work for
which he/she had received assistance from a friend.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
8 months *.
38. A student submitted a term paper that was plagiarized from several Internet
Discipline: In the circumstances, a mark of zero in the course and a suspension
from the University for 4 months *.
39. A student plagiarized his/her term paper for a course.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for
4 months *.
40. A student plagiarized two term papers; one paper was plagiarized from Internet
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
12 months*.
41. A student cheated by submitting an assignment, completed by another person, as
his/her own and then assisted another student to cheat by providing him/her with
a copy of the same assignment.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a suspension from the University for 4 months*.
45. A student took pictures of his/her examination with his/her cellular phone
when reviewing his/her completed and marked exam, and then denied that
he/she had done so and that he/she had no intention of using the pictures for
an improper purpose.
Discipline: A letter of reprimand.
46. A student cheated on a final examination by copying answers from the exam paper
of another student.
Discipline: A mark of zero in the course and a suspension from the University for
8 months *.
47. A student allegedly assisted another student to cheat on a final examination by
allowing the other student to copy his/her answers.
Outcome: Allegation dismissed.
48. A student submitted a term paper that was plagiarized from Internet sources.
Discipline: In the circumstances, a mark of zero in the course and a suspension
from the University for 4 months *.
* In all cases indicated by an asterisk, a notation of disciplinary action is entered on
the student's transcript. At any time after two years have elapsed from the date of his
or her graduation the student may apply to the President to exercise her discretion to
remove the notation.
Students under disciplinary suspension from UBC may not take courses at other
institutions for transfer of credit back to UBC.
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A 15-Year
Portrait of the
Class of 1988
continued from page 1
lives will be."
Teenage girls had little or no
notion of the competing pressures
ahead of them, she says. "The girls
said they would complete their post-
secondary studies, embark on a
career, get married, have children,
and then at their leisure step back
into the work force."
"They had no idea that they
would have to juggle a career and
Funded by the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council of
Canada, Andres' analysis of Paths on
Life's Way data will give parents,
youth, policy makers and educators
insights into issues that include:
• Despite gains in the number of girls
who excel in sciences, women are
chronically under represented in
mathematics, engineering and sciences.
• Myth of Canada's brain drain —
only three per cent of B.C. university
graduates emigrated to the U.S. Most
ofthe movement is within B.C. or to
other provinces.
• Boys with physical science backgrounds in high school have the most
career options. Boys without backgrounds in mathematics or sciences
have the least options.
• Girls who take physics in high
school have a wide range of
post-secondary offerings open to
For more information on Paths on
Life's Way, visit
More than Canadians, Australian youth value hexibility over predictability
How do B.C. Youth Compare
with Australian Counterparts?
Both B.C. and Australian youth
view post-secondary education as the
norm and a vital investment for their
future. However, unlike Canadians,
Australian young people show
greater ambivalence about the value
of their education and are more likely to be part-time students.
UBC Education Prof. Lesley
Andres and Australian youth scholar
Johanna Wyn are conducting the
first comparative study of Canadian
and Australian young adults. They
will explore how the two countries'
educational and labour market policies shape and impact the lives of
young people.
Wyn is the Director of the Youth
Research Centre at Faculty of
Education, University of Melbourne.
Her project, Life Patterns tracks 14
years in the life of 2,000 individuals
between 1991 and 2004. Participants
are from Australia's southern state of
Victoria, which has a population of
four million.
Wyn and Andres developed their
projects independentiy, but are finding striking parallels given that
Canada and Australia are both
Pacific Rim nations with multi-ethnic societies. As former British
colonies, they share similar traditions, educational and political systems.
"For both countries, there are
clear class-based patterns in young
people's employment patterns," says
As for the differences, Wyn says
that when it comes to security,
Australian youth — more so than
Canadians — value flexibility over
"The Australian data shows that
this generation strives to achieve a
balance in life between employment
and other life interests. They believe
that their own personal development
is crucial to their success." □ 4
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Ensuring Financial Peace of Mind
ipi>y«9      w w w. ubc ,cu
School of Audiology a. Speech Sciences
I lie f-uculty of Medicine invites iipplicuUons foi Lhe posiLiun
of Directd of tlie School of Audioloyy diid Speech Sciences
at the: Professor or Associate Professor rank to assume:
duties luly i, ?Oflfi.   This Is a hi II-time tenured position
whldh Is sub|ect to final budgetary approval.   Salary Is
commeiisuiuLe with qutilificdlious tint! experience, [he
individual selected should have a PhD. and a strong
background in Speech, Language and/or Hearing Science, or
In 1 Ingulstlcs or Psychology focusing on speech, language,
01 heuriny science. Piefeience will be given Lo upplicuriLs in
areas related to speech and/or language studies. He or she
should also bc familiar with the nature of practice in
speech-language pathology and/or audiology, and have a
pi oven publicuLiuns recoid, demonstrated ubiliLy Loubtuiu
giunLsupport, Leuchiny dinl tidrriiriisbuLive experience und
an academic reputation commensurate with a leadership
role In Hip Scliool.  The Individual selected will he expected
to have a clear commitment to a framework tor education
clitd lesedich LhuL em phd sizes Llie reluLiunships umuny
disciplines and between research and clinical practice.
located In Vancouver, a vlhrant mnltlciilhiral city renowned
Toi iLs iiuLumI beiiuLy, Ihe University of Sritish Columbia is
among the best and largest of Canada's universities. The
School (www.audio5pecch.ubc.ca) is expanding, with new
faculty on hoard, new lah spaces In place, and further space
expansions planned. Ihe School offers un intensive Lwu   Lu
three y«tii pruyiurn of yruduuLe cuuisewurk (Audioloyy und
Speech-Language Pathology), research, and supervised
communlty-hased clinical practice leading to the H.Sc.
degree. Ttalso oilers Ph.D. and postdoctoral education.
School futulLy liuve strong inLerdisciplinury links with oilier
departments at the University.
Faculty of Medicine
Letters of application accompanied by a
cun iculurn vitae, three recent publications und Lhe
names ot three referees should he suhmltted hy
Decern her I "j, 700S, and directed to:
Dr. Gavin C.E. Stuart, MD, FRCPC
Dean, Faculty of Medicine
K00111 '31/, lrisLiuctioikil Uesuurces Centre
University of British Columbia
2194 Health Sciences Hall
Vancouver, B.C.
Vol lZ'J
The University of British Columbia hires on the basts of merit
and is committed ho employment equity.   We encourage all
qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians
und permuneriL lesidenLs will be given piioiity.
Do You Remember an Inspiring Teacher From Your Past?
Why not recognize that teacher with a nomination for a
The University is again recognising excellence in teaching through the awarding of
teaching prizes to faculty members. Two prize winners from the Faculty of Applied
Science will be selected for 2006.
ELIGIBILITY: The prizes are open to full-time tenure-track faculty and sessional lecturers in
Architecture, Engineering or Nursing who have five or more years of teaching experience at
CRITERIA: The awards will recognise sustained teaching accomplishments at all levels at
UBC, and will focus on those faculty who have demonstrated that they are able to motivate
students and are responsive to students' intellectual needs, or have developed innovative
course materials for laboratory or classroom delivery.
NOMINATION PROCESS: Students, alumni or faculty members may nominate candidates
Student nominations should include at least five student signatures. Letters of nomination
and supporting documents should be sent directly to:
Dean's Office, Faculty of Applied Science
The University of British Columbia
5000-2332 Main Mall
Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4
Attention: Yuki Matsumura
E-mail: yuki@apsc.ubc.ca; Tel: 604-822-6413
DEADLINE: November 14, 2005
For further information about the nomination process, please contact the Dean's
Office, Faculty of Applied Science, your Department or School office, or the Killam
Teaching Prize Committee Chair, Marion Clauson, Clauson@nursing.ubc.ca
UBC Public Affairs has opened both a radio and TV studio
on campus where you can conduct live interviews with local,
national and international media outlets.To learn more about
being a UBC expert, call us at 604.822.2064 and visit our
web site at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/experts/signup
UBC researchers have discovered
five groups of previously
unknown viruses living in a wide
range of ocean environments.
The discovery, recently published in the Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences,
shows that a wide range of ocean
environments contain previously
unknown viruses that are distant
relatives of viruses that attack
bacteria in the human digestive
"On average, a teaspoon of seawater contains a billion viruses,
and we know very little about
most of them," says Curtis Suttle,
a professor in UBC's Dept. of
Earth and Ocean Sciences and
associate dean at the Faculty of
Samples for the study were
taken from many parts of the
world including the coastal waters
Bacteria-killing virus of the type found in the sea.
of British Columbia, the Gulf of
Mexico off Florida and as deep as
four kilometres below the surface
of the Arctic Ocean.
Suttle's research continues to
focus on the discovery of
unknown and unusual viruses in
the ocean, understanding their
biology, and deciphering their
role in the global ecosystem. Stay
tuned for more exciting
discoveries. □
A growing vision for the UBC School of Music
Professor Harry Adaskin was head of the Department
of Music that was formed in 1947, and is pictured
here performing with pianist Francis Marr in 1953.
Today's School of Music building was constructed in
1967, and this past Spring completed the first phase of
a renovation and renewal program with the arrival of
13 new Yamaha and Steinway pianos purchased from
Above: (l-r)Pictured with the new pianos are
Henry Lee, Jesse Read, Henri-Paul Sicsic,
Bob Burke, Jane Coop and Charles Gorling.
Tom Lee Music.
Says current director Jesse Read, "We look forward
to the continued program of replacement of instruments, upgrade of facilities and renovations, and the
fulfillment of our long-standing dream of renovating
the Old Auditorium and ultimately, building a
Creative and Performing Arts Centre beside the Music
School." □
(The following is an edited version of a letter and an article submitted
by Jason Li about his Zoology professor, regarding undergraduate research
Dear editor,
I recently read the article by Vice President John Hepburn and his
view on undergraduate research and its importance.
Most undergraduates remain oblivious to its existence. Those who
acknowledge its existence and [have] tried to pursue discoveries
with faculty members are usually turned down due to their inexpe-
While some professors may be reluctant to accept undergraduates,
Zoology Prof. Robert Blake has been involving undergraduates in
his research program for 25 years working on diverse projects such
as bird flight, aquaculture and fish locomotion with great success.
Over this year, there have been seven journal articles (in press and
in review) written by undergraduates under intense one-to-one
When asked about their contributions to the manuscripts,
Professor Blake [says], "While their ideas initially come out coarse
and unconnected, with some refinement, they are first class."   His
purpose is to pass the notion to undergraduates that research is
actually fun and interesting to do.
Professor Blake is shocked that most students continue to think
that attending university is mainly about attending class, passing
tests and graduating. " It is as if they had never thought that
research plays a very important role in learning," says Blake.
"Acquiring knowledge does not have to confine you to a desk."
Yours sincerely,
Jason Li
The Fourth Annual
Enthusiastic undergraduate minds
need a forum where they can share
their knowledge of the research
process with peers and faculty from
across campus.  One such forum is
the annual Multidisciplinary
Undergraduate Research
Conference, MURC, and this conference is open to all undergraduates.
The MURC conference environment provides an opportunity to
learn to talk about one's scholarly
work. Communicating to a general
audience is part of the research
process across the sciences and the
humanities. Reflecting on how
one's research is relevant to society
furthers knowledge in one's field
and is also an integral part of the
research process.
The Fourth Annual
Multidisciplinary Undergraduate
Research Conference will be held
on Saturday, March 4th, 2006. To
find out more please visit our website
2006UGConf.aspx or email the
conference coordinators at
murc2006@shawca. □ REPORTS      |       NOVEMBER     3,     2OO5      |
When New Parents Get Bad News
Pediatric surgeon's advances in fetal surgery offer new hope, by Hilary Thomson
Birth defect — two words that can
chill the heart and fuel the fears of
any prospective parent.
But some fears may be
short-lived, thanks to the work of
pediatric surgeon Dr. Erik
Skarsgard, who is exploring new
therapies to correct defects before
baby draws its first breath.
A UBC associate professor of
formed before birth may offer the
only hope of survival.
In utero surgery has traditionally
involved large incisions and risk of
premature labour, but fetal surgeons
have now adopted less risky minimal-access techniques, involving
two- and three-millimetre incisions, a
video-telescope and miniaturized
In addition to his work as a surgeon, Skarsgard — in collaboration
with UBC neuroscientist William Jia
— is the only investigator in Canada
exploring fetal gene therapies.
"We're just at the outset of
research in this area," says the 44-
year-old. "But the explosion of
understanding of the human
...fetal surgeons have now adopted less risky minimal-access techniques, involving
two- and three-millimetre incisions, a video-telescope and miniaturized instruments.
Surgery and Head, division of
Pediatric General Surgery at
Children's and Women's Health
Centre of B.C., Skarsgard is an
expert in therapies such as minimally invasive fetal surgery and fetal
gene therapy.
"Advances in prenatal diagnoses
have been the springboard for these
new therapies," says Skarsgard, a
UBC alumnus who spent eight years
on the surgical faculty at Stanford
University in California before
returning to Vancouver in 2001.
"They offer a whole new avenue of
treatment and research to repair
life-threatening and complex
Ofthe approximately 350,000
children born in Canada every year,
two to three per cent will be born
with a serious congenital anomaly
according to Health Canada. Using
diagnostic tools such as ultrasound,
genetic testing and echocardiograms, defects are usually detected
at 16-24 weeks gestation. For some
fetuses with malformations of body
structure, corrective surgery per-
Skarsgard helped to develop a
minimally invasive technique for
fetal treatment of a condition called
congenital diaphragmatic hernia
(CDH). In CDH, the diaphragm fails
to form properly, allowing fetal
intestines and liver to move into the
chest cavity, interfering with normal
lung development.
However, a recent U.S. clinical
trial comparing fetal to postnatal
treatment of CDH showed that most
fetuses are still best served by surgery
performed after birth. Skarsgard
stresses the importance of subjecting
these new treatments to the rigour of
clinical trials before they are accepted and practiced.
Another U.S. clinical study is looking at the effectiveness of fetal surgery to treat spina bifida, a defect of
spinal cord development that affects
one in 750 Canadian babies.
"If the spina bifida trial shows a
clear benefit with fetal surgery, our
fetal diagnosis and treatment group
at Children's and Women's Hospital
would be ready to set up the first
fetal surgery centre in Canada," says
genome and our ability to make
early and accurate diagnoses of
genetic disorders in fetuses allows us
to consider a therapy such as fetal
gene replacement."
Postnatal gene therapy to replace
an absent or defective gene has not
been very successful because the
body's immune system reacts against
vectors used to transport the
replacement gene into the host.
However, when replacement genes
are transferred into a fetus with a
genetic disorder, there is no preexisting immunity to interfere with
the transfer process.
If the idea of fetal gene replacement proves viable, it would offer
new hope for genetic disorders such
as cystic fibrosis, a condition that
affects about one in 2,000
Caucasian births.
"We're still at a very early stage,"
says Skarsgard. "There is much we
need to learn before we could ever
test this treatment in humans. But
it's on the horizon as an entirely
new way to treat genetic disorders."
To enable researchers and clini-
Pediatric surgeon Dr. Erik Skarsgard used minimally invasive surgery to
remove Dominique Marcotte's chest tumour.
cians to better understand the incidence of birth defects and effectiveness of available treatments,
Skarsgard has set up a cross-Canada
perinatal network that collects standardized, population-based data on
fetuses and newborns.
Called the Canadian Perinatal
Surgical Network (CAPSNET), the
database offers information about
incidence, treatment and outcomes
and forms an evidence "template"
that will help obstetricians, pediatri
cians and pediatric surgeons to
develop best practice models of care
for their patients.
For more information on birth
defects, visit Health Canada's
website at www.hc-ch.gc.ca.
Children's and Women's Health
Centre of B.C. is an agency ofthe
Provincial Health Services Authority.
CAPSNET is funded by the
Canadian Institutes of Health
Research, Canada's premier health
research funding agency. □ 12      |
.  C      REPORTS      |      OCTOBER     6,      2005
Did you know?
Since November 2004 almost
2 million sq. ft. of construction
has been completed at UBC to
accomodate the University's
growth. This includes 562,000 sq.
ft. of residential and 1,422,534
sq. ft. of institutional facilities
and student housing.
ISSUE   NO.3     NOVEMBER   2005
Hawthorn Place neighbourhood (above) was once the infamous Lot B parking lot. Times are a
changin'; below: UBC will showcase leadership in sustainability at the World Urban Forum
Clement's Green
Leads Market in
Green Building
UBC's latest residential
apartment project,
Clement's Green, is a
leading example of the
university's commitment to
green building standards.
The four storey, 55 home
building, was designed and
is being built in accordance
with UBC's Residential
Environmental Assessment
Program (REAP), a new
UBC-made rating system
for residential building
performance. Clement's
Green is among the
region's leaders in terms of
sustainable design, water
and energy efficiency, waste
management, healthy
interiors, and building
Sustainability features in Clement's Green include: a geo
thermal system for heating water, hot water meters for
each suite, Energy Star appliances, dual flush toilets,
and a building waste management and recycling
Clement's Green is UBC's third successful
faculty and staff co-development project. Co-
development is central to UBC's strategy to
create a work-study community. Under the
program groups of faculty, staff, and others
who work on campus (and would otherwise
be commuting) partner with the university to
develop and build townhouses and apartments,
and as a result realize a cost savings of as
much as 20 per cent below market value. 29 of
55 units in Clement's Green were sold to UBC
For further information on co-development visit:
UBC on Track to Surpass Kyoto 2012
Emissions Targets
UBC is on track to meet and surpass the Kyoto 2012 target of reducing
greenhouse gas emissions by 25 per cent. As the first Canadian university
to adopt a sustainable development policy in 1997, UBC opened the first
Campus Sustainability Office in 1998 and leads Canadian universities in
reducing emissions and improving energy efficiencies.
Last year, UBC was the first and only Canadian university to
receive Green Campus
Recognition from the
U.S.-based National
Wildlife Federation. Much
of the progress has been
accomplished through
major initiatives including
an infrastructure upgrade
called EcoTrek, the
development of "green"
buildings, and University
For more information
on UBC's sustainability
initiatives visit: www.
UBC Launches Living
the Global City
UBC's Department of
Art History, Visual Art
and Theory has launched
Living the Global City
- an eight-month series
combining lectures, panel
discussions and community
events that will explore the rapid urbanization of our globe
in preparation for the coming United Nations' World
Urban Forum in June 2006.
In addition to Living the Global City, UBC will
showcase its sustainability achievements with
a rich program including planning forums,
sustainability tours, design workshops, and
communications initiatives that will unfold
through June 2006.
The Living the Global City series kicks off
at UBC Robson Square on October 21 and
will demonstrate how ideas, critical thinking,
and creativity can directly improve policy and
strengthen community, locally and globally.
All events are free and open to the public,
unless where noted. To reserve a seat or for further
information visit: www.wuf3.ubc.ca.
Lest We Forget
In honour of the Year of the Veteran and the 60th
anniversary of World War II, UBC's Department of
Ceremonies will host a traditional Remembrance Day
ceremony on November 11th in the War Memorial
Gymnasium. The programme will include a procession,
hymns and readings followed with two minutes of
silence and the placing of wreaths. Guests should arrive
by 10:30 a.m. Formalities will begin at 11:00a.m. and
conclude by 11:30a.m. Refreshments will be served.
Campus Roads in Transition
Traffic calming is underway on Wesbrook Mall. The number of lanes is
being reduced from two in each direction to one in each direction, with
dedicated bicycle lanes being added. A roundabout is also proposed for
intersection control at 16th Avenue and Wesbrook Mall.
Work on Thunderbird Road between East Mall and Wesbrook
Mall is now complete. The roadway was realigned in a straight
configuration and traffic-calming measures were installed to improve
pedestrian and bicycle safety. Thunderbird Road will extend west
across Wesbrook Mall to provide the primary point of access to the
new East Campus Neighbourhood.
Thunderbird Parkade Rising
Ground has been broken for the construction of the new Thunderbird
Parkade situated between Wesbrook Mall, Thunderbird Boulevard
and Agronomy Road. The new parkade is part of UBC's 10-Year
Replacement Parking Plan and according to Danny Ho, Director
of UBC Parking & Access Control Services, will replace 1,650 of
the 3,000 stalls that have been removed from campus as a result of
residential and institutional construction. Thunderbird Parkade will be
completed in August 2006.
Artists rendering of the new Thunderbird Parkade
University Town  UBC External Affairs Office 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z2  T: 604.822.6400  F: 604.822.8102  www.universitytown.ubc.ca


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