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 UBC
^jM,
a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
R E PO RTS
July 2012
What is lurking
in your pool?
Hula power:
Dance revives a language
Summer camps
at UBC
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Facing cancer
A patient perspective
on animal research 4
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What's lurking in your pool?
PhD student investigates what all those chemicals
could be doing to swimmers
Jody Jacob
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME FIFTY EIGHT: NUMBER SEVEN
WWW.PUBLICAFFAIRS.UBC.CA/UBC-REPORTS
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martin dee  martin.dee@ubcca
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Communications Coordinators
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Interns
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Publisher
UBC Reports is published monthly by:
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Public Affairs Office
310-6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC Canada V6T1Z1
Next issue: 6 September 2012
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UBC Reports welcomes submissions.
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Submit letters to:
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Cover: Swimmer Tommy Gossland
|UBC|      a place of mind
_____) THE  UNIVERSITY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
Pub lie Affairs
In the news
Highlights of UBC
media coverage
in June 2012
Heather Amos
Japanese Canadians receive
honorary degrees
UBC held a special graduation ceremony
to award honorary degrees to former
Japanese Canadian students who were
forced to leave the university and the
Pacific coast with about 21,000 other
Japanese Canadians during the Second
World War, reported AI Jazeera English,
the Globe and Mail, CBC's The National,
CTV BC and others.
"It (the degree) doesn't mean
anything to me economically or
academically," said 89 year-old Mits
Sumiya, one ofthe day's graduates, "but
it does finally make me feel welcome
at a place I've always considered my
school-UBC"
The ceremony is part of a broader
initiative that includes collecting
personal accounts from Japanese
Canadians about what happened 70
years ago and developing education
programs.
New moons for Jupiter
Astronomers from UBC have discovered
two small moons ofthe planet Jupiter,
bringing the total number of known
Jovian moons to 67, reported the
Australian Broadcasting Corporation,
Daily Mail, MSNBC, Huffington Post and
others.
One ofthe moons, named S/2010 J2, '.
is estimated to be just two kilometres
in diameter, and maybe the smallest
moon in our solar system ever observed
from Earth, according to UBC PhD
student Mike Alexandersen.
"It was exciting to realize that this
[S/2010 J 2] is the smallest moon in the
solar system that was discovered and
tracked from Earth," he said.
Blue Planet Awards
UBC ecologist William Rees and
his former doctoral student Mathis
Wackernagel have been awarded
the Blue Planet Prize at the Bio+20
Conference in Brazil, reported the
National Geographic, Vancouver Sun and
the Province.
Bees and Wackernagel were
recognized for developing the
Ecological Footprint concept in the
early 1990s, which has become an
influential measure of economic and
human sustainability.
UBC welcomes letters from
students, faculty and staff at
www.letters.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
LETTERS
In the last issue of UBC Reports, several
UBC students and a faculty member
submitted a letter to the editor sharing
their views on the recent Green College
series on animal research.
The letter raised a number of
questions on governance but omitted a
key issue that was vigorously debated
during the series: the basic need for
animal research in order to understand
animal physiology, species conservation,
or the mechanisms of disease and injury.
In the debate, several UBC scholars
pointed out that researchers enthusiastically adopt non-animal methods
whenever they become available,
because animal studies are expensive,
complex and time-consuming. However,
these methods cannot yet replace
animal research. The letter to the editor
fails to address a fundamental question
ofthe debate: if we want new medicines
and treatments to alleviate human
and animal suffering, how will this
be possible without animal research,
given that there are currently no
viable substitutes for a complex living
organism?
The authors ofthe letter also
question Canada's system of funding
research, which they say may "channel
researchers towards the use of animals,
including for reasons other than
social benefit." As a career scientist, I
am offended by the implication that
scientists conduct animal studies
for anything other than highly
ethical reasons. They also ask why
Canada, "unlike other countries,
lack[s] systematic review to prevent
unnecessary repetition of research
projects on animals" and whether
proposed animal research should be
assessed by peer researchers who use
animals—implying that all animal
researchers are somehow in collusion.
We are not.
Peer review by acknowledged experts
is the universal gold standard in any
academic discipline for determining
whether a proposed research study
addresses important questions, is
rigorous and feasible, and should be
approved for funding. Furthermore,
peer reviewers operate according
to established rules that eliminate
conflicts of interest. In my view, a
system of peer review by experts who
have invested their academic careers
in animal research should remain the
cornerstone principle governing animal
research at UBC.
UBC has made a commitment to
leading an initiative to evaluate and
explore opportunities to enhance
Canada's and our own institutional
governance and oversight of animal
research. We encourage all members of
the UBC community to provide input.
Helen Burt, Faculty, Associate Vice
President, Research and International
Engineering PhD student Roberta Dyck wants to ensure public swimming pools offer the healthiest environment possible to swimmers and workers.
Engineering PhD student Roberta Dyck
is a woman with a mission—making
swimming pools safe for all from the
dreadful-sounding disinfection
by-products (DBPs).
"All water—including drinking
water—has naturally occurring organic
materials, which can originate from
leaves and other vegetation, that react
with chlorine to produces chemicals
called DBPs," explains Dyck. DBPs in
drinking water have been associated
with health risks such as cancer and
reproductive disorders.
"This is why Health Canada has
established guidelines for DBPs in our
drinking water that aim to minimize
any potential adverse health effects,"
she says. "But in most countries we
don't have similar regulations in place
for swimming pools, where chlorine
is not only reacting with the naturally
occurring material resulting from
source water, but also with what
swimmers bring into the pool with
them—sweat, urine, perfumes, hairspray,
deodorant and skin excretions, to name
a few."
Dyck has developed a way to estimate
the total exposure of DBPs—specifically
trihalomethanes (THMs)—in both the
air and water for swimmers and people
who work at the pool.
The model was developed using data
previously collected from samples
taken from 15 different swimming pools
in Quebec City by researchers at Laval
University, as well as data—air and
water concentrations for five pools in
Italy—provided by Italian researchers.
The model examines the process
and rate THMs enter the human
body—dermal absorption, ingestion
and inhalation—for five different age
groups and estimates total exposure for
individuals, taking into account a range
of concentrations and other variables.
For example, the model could
estimate the total annual or lifetime
exposure of THMs for a three-year-old
child, weighing 35 lbs, who swims twice
a week for one hour a day.
One ofthe most significant findings,
says Dyck, was that for total exposure,
children aged 1-4 have up to six times
the exposure of other age groups. The
results of this research have been
published in the journal Water Research.
"Many swimmers using indoor public
pools are children, pregnant women and
seniors, who maybe at greater risk for
health effects from chemical exposures
in swimming pool water; therefore, it
is important to quantify the associated
exposure and risk," says Dyck.
"In the future, the model will allow
us to perform a health risk assessment
and develop strategies that minimize
DBP exposure without compromising
disinfection efficiency. It's important
to remember that chlorination is
necessary to protect swimmers from
pathogens in the water. But we also
need to better understand the effects,
and how to manage them."
Some risk management strategies
could include the development of
health-based guidelines for disinfection practices and policies, as well as
optimizing the design of ventilation and
filtration systems for swimming pools.
With the model validation complete,
Dyck is now looking at what happens to
DBPs once they enter into the human
body.
Dyck's research is funded by NSEBC,
and supported by Behan Sadiq,
associate professor of engineering
at UBC's Okanagan campus and
Manuel Bodriguez from Universite
Laval. The research is an international
collaboration with contributions
from Guglielmina Fantuzzi, Elena
Bighi and Gabriella Aggazzotti from
the University of Modena, Italy, and
Bobert Tardif from the University of
Montreal. •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012 Facing cancer
Lived experience reaffirms the role of animals in life-saving science
Brian Lin
Multiple
approvals and
safeguards
Articles on this page are the second of a multi-part series on the use of animals in research.
The June edition profiled basic science studies, this edition discusses medical research,
and upcoming editions will review animal welfare programs and governance.
When Martin Kirk came down from the
high of hosting a national conference
as the newly elected president of the
Canadian Association of University
Research Administrators last year,
he had no idea how low life was about
to get.
"I had some flu-like symptoms and the
left lymph node on my neck was a little
swollen, but I figured it was something
I picked up on the plane," recalls Kirk,
director of UBC's Office of Besearch
Services (OBS).
When his lymph node continued to
swell, he went to see his doctor and
within 30 minutes, was undergoing
Doppler ultrasound to confirm the
doctor's suspicion.
"That was the start of a cascade of
horrible events," says Kirk, who was
diagnosed with an aggressive case of
non-Hodgkin lymphoma in May 2011
and immediately underwent surgery,
followed by chemotherapy. Badiation
treatment began shortly after his 50th
birthday in September.
"When my doctor told me I had
lymphoma, it felt like I was being
handed a death sentence with a slight
chance of parole," he says. "The only
thing I could think of was my two young
boys, who needed a dad.
"I just wanted to survive."
An estimated 40 per cent of women
and 45 per cent of men will experience
some form of cancer in their lifetime.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the fifth
most common cancer. While the survival
rate is fair for patients under 60, the
odds drop dramatically after age 60.
"There is no upside to being told you
have cancer," says Kirk, "but British
Columbia is probably one ofthe better
places to be diagnosed because we have
some ofthe best lymphoma experts
right here."
Kirk knew the caliber of cancer
research at UBC, which received
approximately $72 million in funding
related to cancer research in 2010/11.
His office manages approval of research
protocols and as director of OBS, Kirk
signs, on behalf of the university,
research agreements to initiate funding
from granting agencies.
He credits Bituximab, a powerful
chemo drug used for the treatment
of lymphoma, leukemia, transplant
rejection and some autoimmune
disorders, for saving his life (see
sidebar). He was also treated with
BapidArc, a targeted radiation therapy,
to "zap" the cancer in his neck lymph
node while preserving healthy tissue
nearby, thus sparing him of potential
lifelong side effects from damage to his
thyroid and saliva glands.
"I have always believed in the
importance of research to civil society,"
he says, "and I had an intellectual
understanding ofthe link between
research and the best available
treatment - and ultimate survivability -
of patients.
"I survived as a direct result of
"When my doctor told me I had lymphoma,
it felt like I was being handed a death
sentence with a slight chance of parole."
Martin Kirk credits RapidArc radiation therapy for zapping his lymphoma while sparing healthy tissue.
research," says Kirk, who returned to
work earlier this year and has been
cancer free since January 2012. "My
appreciation now is much, much
deeper."
Like all drugs and therapies, Bituximab
and BapidArc were required by law
to first be tested on animals before
proceeding to human clinical trials, and
before finally receiving approval as
clinical treatments in hospitals.
While advanced computing and
imaging technologies have reduced the
number of animals used in research,
cancer and other complex diseases
cannot be studied in a Petri dish or on
computers alone. No drug or therapy
can be used to treat humans without
first being trialed for efficacy and safety
on animals.
As an administrator intimately
involved in the research process, Kirk
says there is no questioning the level
of care and respect afforded to animals
that are involved in research.
"There are never any shortcuts when
it comes to approving animal research
at UBC," says Kirk, who sat on the
Canadian Council on Animal Care from
2000 to 2003, and is responsible for
post-approval monitoring of animal
research protocols at UBC.
"Besearchers must provide the best
care possible because it's critical to
the integrity ofthe science, which is
ultimately what every researcher is
judged on. And good science is the
foundation of effective, life-saving
treatments."
Kirk agrees the research community
^has a responsibility to better
^communicate why and how research is
^conducted, especially when it involves
the use of animals. Still, he says he's
^living proof the work is indispensible.
' "There is a necessary cost that comes
-with developing new knowledge. But
the system we have—which includes
peer review of scientific merit of all
^studies, the fierce competition that
^awards funding to the best scientists,
^and multiple safeguards in place
'to ensure the ethical and humane
treatment of animals—is very solid."
'(See sidebar)
Kirk says his goal is to ensure the
-process runs smoothly and effectively
^at UBC, but "at the end ofthe day, my
number one job is being a dad to my
'kids." •
Cancer research
involving animals
The principles of modern cancer
chemotherapy originated from a 1973
study using mice that showed a single
malignant cell could divide and
eventually form enough cells to kill the
host—showing it's vital to destroy
every affected cell, and that the earlier
the treatment can begin, the better the
chances of survival.
The importance of early treatment
has also guided research that resulted in
earlier diagnosis of cancer.
Chemotherapy, bone marrow
transplants, and newer stem cell and
antibody treatments (see Bituximab
sidebar at right) for leukemia,
non-Hodgkin lymphoma and other
cancers ofthe blood, were also
developed through the use of mouse
models.
Since the early 2000s, the zebrafish
has been used to study the genetic
aspects of cancer development and
potential treatments. While its genome
is only half the length of that of humans,
zebrafish's genetic structure is very
similar to that of humans, including
genes responsible for human diseases.
In 2003, scientists fused Myc, a
gene that plays an important role in
human leukemia and lymphoma, to a
zebrafish gene that works in lymphoid
cells. This fused gene was then tagged
with another gene that caused leukemia
cells to glow green under fluorescent
light, thus enabling observation ofthe
cancer as it progressed. The technique
has enabled researchers to monitor
thousands of genes for mutations that
contribute to the disease and to test
anti-cancer agents. •
Rituximab: A mighty
mouse treatment
Approved in 1997 by the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration for use in
treatment of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma,
Rituximab has since been used to treat
leukemia, transplant rejection and
some autoimmune disorders
characterized by too many or
dysfunctional B cells.
Bituximab works much like an
antibody, in that it attaches itself to a
protein on the surface of B cells called
CD20 and "flags" them for the body's
immune system to eliminate. Bituximab
is a mix of a mouse antibody that was
found to be particularly effective at
binding to CD20 and a human antibody
that interacts effectively with the
human immune system.
Prior to human clinical trials,
Bituximab was tested in macaque
monkeys, which have a constant level of
antibodies like humans do. Besearchers
found that the number of B cells in the
monkey's bloodstream fell dramatically
after administration ofthe drug—as
did in the bone marrow (where B cells
are produced) and in the lymph nodes
(where B cells are activated). But B cell
levels recovered in the weeks following—
this is important because B cells are
vital to a healthy immune system.
More recently, Bituximab, when used
with methotrexate, has been shown to
slow the progression of rheumatoid
arthritis. •
"Researchers must provide the best care
possible because it's critical to the integrity
of the science, which is ultimately what
every researcher is judged on."
The animal research process involves a series of steps
designed to ensure scientific value, humane care and
compliance with regulations.
Funding agency approval
Proposals are first submitted to funding agencies for scrutiny by
independent panels of experts. Only if the proposed investigation is deemed to be a significant contribution to scientific
knowledge will funding be granted.
Institutional approval
Once approved for funding, UBC's Animal Care Committee
reviews all aspects of the project, including ethics and the
use of animals. Researchers must demonstrate animals
are necessary to achieve research goals, that all feasible
alternatives have been considered, and that the project
conforms to 3Rs principles of animal use: replace, reducce
and refine. If approved, the Committee issues a compliance
certificate and funding is then initiated.
Monitoring and training
UBC veterinarians, members of the Animal Care Committee and
senior administrators continuously monitor approved projects
to ensure humane care and compliance with regulations.
Researchers and lab workers must pass mandatory training in
animal care.
Continued review
The Animal Care Committee reviews animal research projects
annually. Researchers are also required to submit renewed
proposals to the Committee for full protocol review every four
years.
Published research
When a project is completed, research findings and methods
are published in peer-reviewed scientific journals that can be
accessed by other experts in the field and the public.
Animals in
UBC medical research
In 2010, 211,604 animals were involved in scientific
research at UBC.
Approximately 27 per cent of the animals were involved in
medical studies to shed light on the causes and potential
treatments for human or animal diseases and disorders.
Under Canadian law, all potential drugs and treatments
must first be tested on animals before human clinical
trials are allowed. Approximately one per cent of animals
involved in research at UBC were part of this kind of study.
For more information,
visit: www.animalresearch.ubc.ca.
UBC welcomes letters from students, faculty and staff on this topic at www.letters.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012 'I can't believe it's actually my life'
Medal hopeful Tera Van Beilen is ready to surprise everyone
.cott Dickens (confirmed) Swimming—100 & 200 Breaststroke, 4x100 Medley Relay
Brent Hayden (confirmed) Swimming—50 & 100 Freestyle, 4x100 Freestyle Relay, 4x100 Medley Relay
Tommy Gossland (confirmed) Swimming—4x100 Freestyle Relay
Savannah King (confirmed) Swimming—400 & 800 Freestyle
Heather MacLean (confirmed) Swimming—4x100 Freestyle Relay
Martha McCabe(conf/rmed) Swimming—200 Breaststroke
Tera Van Beilen (confirmed) Swimming—100 & 200 Breaststroke
Donovan Tildesley (confirmed) Paralympic swimming
Toby Ng (confirmed) Badminton
Inaki Gomez (hopeful) Track & Field—20 km Racewalk
Mike Mason (hopeful) Track & Field—High Jump
Liz Gleadle (hopeful) Track & Field—Javelin
Ricardo Montemayor (confirmed for Maxico) Sailing—Laser Class
Luke Ramsay (confirmed) Sailing—470 class
Mike Leigh (confirmed) Sailing—470 class
Denise Ramsden (confirmed) Road Cycling—Timed trials and road race
Tera Van Beilen, bottom second from right, is part of a UBC swimming team heading to London. Top (left to right): Scott Dickens, Tommy Gossland, Brent Hayden and coach
Tom Johnson. Bottom (left to right): Martha McCabe, Savannah King, Tera Van Beilen and Heather Maclean.
Tera van Beilen has been getting
multiple interview requests a week
since she made the Canadian Olympic
swimming team four months ago.
That was days after her 19th birthday.
"People even ask me for autographs,"
says Van Beilen, one of UBC's student-
athletes going to London this summer.
"It's all so crazy and surreal, I can't
believe it's actually my life."
Van Beilen came to UBC last year to
study kinesiology and to swim. Even
though she now considers herself
a UBC athlete, she will always be a
representative of her hometown of
Oakville, Ontario. "It's kind of weird,
they kind of just want to own me
everywhere," she says.
Her swim for an Olympic medal
wasn't supposed to happen this year and
for that, she credits UBC.
"It's really all thanks to training with
my coach Jozsef Nagy and being in
the Aquatic Centre here in Vancouver,"
says Van Beilen, who notes that UBC's
reputation as a swimming powerhouse
is living up to her expectations.
The life of a world-class swimmer
has its ups and downs, as Van Beilen
describes her daily routine just weeks
before the big event. Four times a week
she has practices early in the morning,
around lunchtime and in the evening; in
between, she naps.
"It's a lot of hours a week. I don't
bother to count because it makes me
feel like I'm crazy."
At the end ofthe day, her love for
swimming, and seeing how far she has
come, helps her drag her feet out of bed
every morning. "I have a bigger goal in
mind," she says.
Competing at the Olympic level has
given Van Beilen experiences that most
people will never have. "Sometimes
when I'm on the blocks in Australia,
Europe or China, I think to myself: 'am
I actually in this country swimming?
I have such a crazy life,' and then the
beeper goes and it is time to focus."
Now the big event is just around
the corner for Van Beilen, who is still
unsure whether both her parents will
get to watch her living her dream. She
has only received one guest ticket to her
events thus far.
"When I think about both my swim
events being sold out, it makes me a
little freaked out," she says.
When Van Beilen steps into the
spotlight in London, it won't just be the
17,000 spectators watching, it will be the
whole world. That's a lot of pressure for
a newcomer.
"I always swim well under pressure. I
like the adrenaline. Nobody knows who
I am so I can use that to my advantage; I
can surprise them all." •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012 What to expect at London 2012
A Q&A with UBC Olympic Games researcher Rob VanWynsberghe
Not your backyard badminton
:UBC Olympian relies on strategy and cat-like reflexes
Heather Amos
[Basil Waugh
What makes this Olympic Games
special?
This might be one ofthe last times
that you see a world-class city hosting
the Olympic Games. Ifyou go back to
the bid phase for 2012, it was New York,
Paris and London. At the time, everyone
thought that the Olympic Games were
going to be the bastion of world-class
cities but that hasn't happened.
The Olympics is like a brand. Ifyou
want to spread that brand, you go to
places where that brand hasn't received
as much exposure, like Brazil. You are
able to associate the Olympics with
fostering this economy.
What makes London particularly
special this year is that the Olympics
come on the tails ofthe Queen's
Diamond Jubilee. Together this is going
to be one massive party for London
and it will be exciting to watch how the
Olympic spirit affects the city.
"Anyone who has
one grandma who
is British will be
tuning in."
What are the issues to watch as London
plays host to the 2012 Games?
London has a grassroots group—a lot
like Vancouver—who are concerned
about the amount of money being
spent on the Games—probably close
to $20 billion. London began outreach
immediately to address some ofthe
concerns people were having.
London has refurbished the Five
Boroughs area for the Games—an
area that typically houses lower and
middle-class workers. It was a stroke
of genius to use the Games as an
opportunity to provide new living spaces
for this group. This ties together the
kinds of things that the Games typically
do in terms of infrastructure and housing
but for a sector ofthe population that
has historically been marginalized.
It seems like there is always local
opposition to the Olympic Games. How
likely is it that we will see protests of
some kind in London?
I will be surprised if there are no
protests in London. With the city's
history, the amount of money being
spent, and the economy the way it is, I'd
be really surprised if nothing happened.
Typically there is a period where
there is opposition and protest but
then as you get closer to the actual
event, there are concerns about the city
embarrassing itself while the world
is watching. The patterns that we see
emerge over and over again are that for
the period of hosting the actual event,
there is no protest.
The other thing is there are massive
economic changes going on in the
Rob VanWynsberghe led the 2010 Olympic Games Impact study and has been watching the London Games approach.
UBC student Toby Ng will be competing in mixed doubles in badminton at the 2012 Games.
country, including some belt-tightening in the area of higher
education. Ifyou look at the student protests in Montreal
right now and then consider the fact that the U.K. is in the
process of raising tuition fees to exorbitant levels, closing
university and college programs, and professors' jobs are
being threatened, you could see some protests from that
sector. To see the higher-education sector involved would be
fairly unprecedented in terms of sport mega-events.
You've been studying the economic, social and environmental
impacts ofthe 2010 Games in Vancouver. What will be some
of the impacts of hosting the Games in London?
London intended that the major legacy would be around
physical activity—they've put a lot of money toward it. With
the Games so close, there are already discussions about why
they haven't had the kinds of impacts they wanted to have in
terms of raising levels of physical activity across the country.
What are some of the major differences between hosting a
Winter Olympics and a Summer Olympics?
\   The summer Olympics involve a lot more athletes and a lot
'more countries so perhaps it is more truly international. That
'international flavour will fit nicely into the multicultural
'framing of London.
I think London will try to overcome some negative images
-that Vancouver never had to. The city is associated with being
^expensive, dirty and having a lot of racial strife. But it is one
^of the most important cities in the world and there seems
^to be so much support for the country. Anyone who has one
^grandma who is British will be tuning in. It'll be hard for
London to lose on this.
'Personally what fascinates you about the Olympics?
What fascinates me as a researcher above all is the mobilization
'of resources. It's like a crisis; it's like a war. I'm just fascinated by
'how people come together and they pull something off in a very
^short time by collaborating. On the personal side, I like the fact
^that emotion sneaks up on me when I'm not expecting it. You're
'suddenly vying for an athlete that you didn't even know and you
'feel fuzzy. Those things are humanizing and interesting. •
University of British Columbia student Toby Ng is approaching the 2012 London
Summer Olympics like it is biggest exam of his life.
' "When I study really hard for a test, I just want to write it and prove myself," says
the 27-year-old Team Canada badminton player. "That is what I'm like with these
'Olympics. I have worked so hard to prepare that I am just really eager to compete."
The London Games will conclude a grueling qualifying period that saw Ng play
'more than 100 matches in 19 countries over 24 weeks. But with recent titles at the
Canadian Nationals and the Pan Am Games, the third-year kinesiology student is
peaking at the right time, jumping in international rankings to as high as 22nd in
^the last year.
To prepare for London—and the U.S. and Canadian Opens that precede it—Ng
-travelled to South Korea to train with two-time Olympic medalist Kim Dong Moon,
who has served as Ng's mentor since 2007. "Kim is a badminton legend," says Ng.
jGetting to learn from, live with, and spend time with him has been so important for
my career, and such an honour."
Ng—who trains twice a day, six days per week—will compete in Olympic mixed
^doubles with his partner Grace Gao, who is coached by another of Ng's mentors,
^former Canadian Olympian Darryl Yung. When badminton competition begins on
July 28, watch for Ng to use his killer "jump smash"—(like a "spike" in volleyball),
hard flat "drives" and cat-like reflexes on defense.
Known as a strong tactician, Ng
creates game plans for opponents by
watching videos for their tendencies
and habits. "The game is so fast and
people are so skilled that strategy can
really be the difference," says Ng, who
applies lessons from a UBC statistics
class he took to analyze the likelihood
of particular shots. "You can't always
expect to overpower everyone with
smashes, you need to mix up shots,
anticipate opponents, and jump on their
mistakes."
Calling his family and his girlfriend
"his biggest fans," Ng credits his parents
for introducing him to badminton at
age six. "There was my mom and dad,
my little brother and I, and we would
play doubles together," says Ng, who
entered the national system at age 15
and has competed internationally since
his early 20s.
When the 27-year-old seeks
inspiration for the ups and downs of
sport, he looks to Canadian Paralympic
boccia (like bocce) player Josh Vander
Vies, who was born with no arms and
no legs. "Josh is a definite role model
for overcoming adversity," say Ng,
adding that he also looks to his Olympic
teammates, friends and family for
inspiration and support.
Ng applies lessons
from a UBC
statistics class he
took to analyze the
likelihood of
particular shots.
In his downtime, Ng stays connected
to friends and family online. He posts
updates, photos and videos of his
matches and adventures on his blog
(http://towbsss.blogspot.ca), Facebook
and YouTube. He is a fan of Eminem,
old-school hip hop, and TV shows
such as House M.D., Dexter, Sherlock
Holmes and The Simpsons. And when
his girlfriend doesn't travel with him,
they meet online to play videogames
together.
After the London Games, Ng hopes
to qualify for the 2014 Glasgow
Commonwealth Games, the 2015
Toronto Pan Am Games and the 2016
Bio Olympics. As for life beyond
badminton, Ng is studying for the
Medical College Admissions Test, or
MCAT, and hopes to enter medicine
or physiotherapy after his kinesiology
degree.
"The Olympics are truly another level
for me," says Ng. "I don't consider
myself special, and I feel really
fortunate to do what I love. I hope
everyone realizes that the world is full of
possibility. I guess I am proof of that." •
8
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012 Congratulations to
our UBC Olympians
UBC athletes have a strong
tradition of winning medals
for Canada. Students,
faculty, staff and alumni are
cheering on UBC athletes
who have worked hard to
represent Canada for the
2012 Games in London.
www.ubc.ca/news
lUBCl      a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
UBC Food Services presents
0$C $fcte&ewy Fest 2012
VANCOUVER POINT GREY CAMPUS
July 25-28 | 9am-1pm
Triple-O's Patio (Main Mall & Agricultural Road)
Celebrating BC Blueberries...
FREi
Pancake Breakfast
Local Blueberries by the case
Baked on Campus Blueberry Baked Goods
UBC Farm Campus Market - July 25
Chef's Demo - July 25
Blueberry Pie Eating Contest
Live Entertainment
FAMILY DAY:
Saturday, July 28
FREE fun for kids -
face painting | balloon art | crafts
i CiTR
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A javelin's throw away
from the Olympics
Ashley Castellan
UBC student and Olympic javelin hopeful aims to secure a spot on Team Canada.
UBC
Rowing
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If this is what it means to throw like a
girl, the line of boys waiting to take
lessons from javelin thrower Liz
Gleadle will stretch for miles.
By the time you read this, she may be
on her way to the London 2012 Olympic
Summer Games.
The 23 year-old UBC human kinetics
student recently set a new personal
best, and a new Canadian record, with
a throw of 61.15 metres at the Harry
Jerome Track Classic in Vancouver on
June 10.
Now, the only thing that stands in
the way of her Olympic dream is a top
three finish at the Canadian Track and
Field Trials taking place in Calgary June
27-30. If she qualifies, she will be the
first Canadian female javelin thrower to
compete in an Olympic Games since 1988.
Not bad for a girl who picked up the
sport in her high school gym class.
Still, it hasn't been all fun and games.
Gleadle has worked hard in the last year
to gain a competitive edge, moving to
Lethbridge, Alberta and away from her
family, in order to train.
"I gave up a lot of my social life. I
moved from a tight-knit community
where I had lots of friends to a place
where I know nobody," said Gleadle.
"It's been hard not to have the same
support as you do when you're at home.
"But at the same time, it had the
biggest impact on my training. Instead
of going out at night, you have a shower,
go to bed and get enough sleep so you're
not too tired."
While her training has certainly
strengthened her body, it's also helped
to toughen up her mind. This is a young
woman who sets goals and knows what
she wants.
"I'd like to set a personal best and truly
perform well," said Gleadle in anticipation of her Olympic debut. "You always
think this is really fantastic and you're
really excited, but it's about more than
that. Canada sends athletes to have a
strong showing."
If all goes according to plan, Gleadle
will be joined by two other track
athletes with ties to UBC.
International relations graduate Inaki
Gomez hopes to qualify in the men's 20
km race walk. Gomez, who is currently
ranked number one in Canada, has
represented the country in a number of
international events, including the 2010
Commonwealth Games in Delhi, India.
This would be his first Olympic Games.
Also hoping for a berth on Team
Canada is Olympic veteran, Mike Mason.
A high jumper, Mason graduated from
UBC with a degree in human kinetics.
He is currently ranked number one
in Canadian men's high jump, and is
expected to qualify with ease.
Like Gleadle, both Mason and Gomez
need a top three placement in their
respective sport in the Canadian Track
and Field Trials taking place between
June 27-30 to qualify for the London
Olympics. •
1921, competing alongside members of
the Vancouver Rowing Club, bas
UBC rov
varsity athletic program in Canada.
Rowers from UBC have amassed
44 Olympic medals, and numerous
accolades at the Can-Am games,
Commonwealth Games, World
Championships and Royal Henley
Regatta in Oxfordshire, England.
Rower Ned Pratt holds the distinction
of being the first UBC athlete to brine
home a bronze medal from the 1°'
rowing .
the top of the ranks. At the 1992 Games
in Barcelona, men's and women':
from VRC/l
medals.
10
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012
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From Hawaii, Candace Galla is teaching and studying indigenous language revitalization at UBC.
Candace Kaleimamoowahinekapu Galla's emails begin
with Aloha and end with na'u—literally meaning 'mine' or
equivalent to 'yours' in Hawaiian—or Mahalo—thank you.
"It's about finding spaces to use the language," says Galla, who
studies indigenous language revitalization in the Department of
Language and Literacy Education at UBC's Faculty of Education.
In the city of Hilo, where she worked at the University of
Hawaii's Ka Haka 'Ula 0 Ke'elikolani College of Hawaiian
Language before coming to UBC in 2011, she saw language being
strengthened in a variety of ways. She would hear children using
it in stores. Her first college-wide meeting was three hours long
and conducted entirely in Hawaiian.
The College has a mandate to conduct all its business-
academic and administrative—in Hawaiian. In 2010 it graduated
its first Native Hawaiian PhD student who had submitted and
defended her entire dissertation in Hawaiian—an impressive
feat considering that the language almost went extinct 30 years
ago.
In the 1980s, there were only about 2,000 people who still
spoke Hawaiian fluently—the inevitable result of an 1896 ban
on using the language as a medium of
education in schools. In 1978, Hawaiian
was recognized as an official language; in
1986, the ban was repealed and a revival
movement was born.
Today, there are about 10,000 fluent
Hawaiian-language speakers throughout
the islands. "Hawaiian is often used as a
successful model of language revitalization," says Galla.
Galla grew up on a sugar plantation
in Ka'u, Hawaii. Neither of her parents
spoke Hawaiian. It wasn't until she
attended Grade 7 at the Kamehameha
Schools in Honolulu that she began to
formally study her language and culture.
What surprised Galla at Kamehameha
was that she knew more Hawaiian than
she had realized. Although her mother
Leiola Aquino Galla doesn't speak
Hawaiian, she is a kumu hula—a master
hula teacher. Much to her displeasure,
Galla had endured mandatory hula
lessons, learning the dance movements,
the songs, the history behind the songs
and their interpretation.
"Hula was always part of my life but it
wasn't until I began learning it at school
that I began to appreciate it and my
mom's teachings," says Galla, who will
be using hula when she teaches a course
on indigenous language revitalization
through the performance arts in July.
"People may interpret that we do hula
for entertainment purposes but it means
much more. Hula and mele—songs and
chants are a tribute to what has been
carried forward from generations past.
They have withstood the factions of
colonization and the test of time."
After completing high school, Galla
moved to Arizona to attend university
and began studying Native American
Linguistics. It wasn't until she got
involved in the American Indian
Language Development Institute
(AILDI) that she discovered the field of
language revitalization.
"I realized that Indigenous
communities all over the world were
experiencing something similar to what
happened with Hawaiian," says Galla. "It
is a way to connect what was going on in
my home state to the rest ofthe world."
Since then Galla's research has focused
on the role technology and computers
play in helping revive languages-
something she hopes to work on with
First Nations language learners and
speakers in B.C.
"Hawaii is unique because there is only
one indigenous language to the land,"
says Galla. "Many other states, territories
and provinces, like B.C., are home to
many indigenous languages, making it a
challenge to implement equal resources
for each language."
This winter, Galla taught a class
of 21 students who were learning 13
different languages, many of them B.C.
First Nations' languages. Although she
doesn't teach the languages herself, she
introduces students to the resources at
their disposal.
"Many indigenous communities
incorporate technology into their efforts
to preserve and revitalize languages. In
our class, students accessed archived and
online resources and worked directly
with community members." •
12
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012
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IUBCI      a place of mind
o
ft ^M
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THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Academic Director Learning Exchange
The University is seeking an Academic Director for the Learning Exchange
(www.learningexchange.ubc.ca). The Learning Exchange, located in Vancouver's
Downtown Eastside (DTES), exemplifies UBC's commitment to community
engagement.
The Academic Director will serve as the academic champion for the Learning
Exchange, taking a lead role in ensuring that the Learning Exchange is linked
effectively with UBC's academic mission. In collaboration with the Learning
Exchange Director, the Academic Director will build upon and add to current
Learning Exchange community-university engagement activities and support the
University's effort to achieve and strengthen its Place and Promise: The UBC Plan
commitments. Key areas of responsibility include:
Initiating and facilitating collaborations with faculties, departments and
individuals at UBC to develop synergies between initiatives in the DTES and the
University
Maintaining and building relationships with community organizations in the
DTES and other parts of Metro Vancouver to ensure the continued value of UBC's
presence in the DTES
Advancing learning opportunities for marginalized residents through sustained
community engagement; helping advance enriched educational experiences for
UBC students in community driven projects
Enriching UBC's role as a convener of dialogue and champion for public
discourse that includes the voices of marginalized citizens; encouraging the
development of innovative public policy initiatives and community based action
for change
Providing advice on matters related to academic culture, interests, and
protocols
Consulting and advising on relevant stakeholder processes to inform Learning
Exchange and University wide community-university engagement initiatives
Reporting to the Office of the Provost and Vice President Academic, and consulting with the Vice President, Communications and Community Partnership, the
Academic Director will be seconded one day a week from their normal duties as
a UBC tenured, full-time faculty member and will have research interests in an
area(s) relevant to the work of the Learning Exchange; proven leadership ability
and strong commitment to excellence in community-university engagement,
student learning, research and service; and excellent interpersonal skills.
The appointment is a 20% secondment internal to the University and will be for a
minimum of two years with the possibility of reappointment. Applicants should
submit current CV and letter of interest to: provosts.office(5)ubc.ca or by fax at
604-822-3134. A position profile may be found at: www.vpacademic.ubc.ca
Questions may be directed to Ian Cavers, Chair of the Selection Committee at:
cavers® science, ubc.ca; or Kathleen Leahy, Director of the Learning Exchange at:
kath leen. I eahy(5) ubc.ca.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. All qualified
faculty are encouraged to apply. We especially welcome applications from members
of visible minority groups, women, Aboriginal persons, persons with disabilities, persons of minority sexual orientations and gender identities, and others with the skills
and knowledge to engage productively with diverse communities and contribute to the
further diversification of ideas.
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Building #4   2205 Lower Mall
(Marine Drive Residence)
From a young age, child educator Maki
Narusawa began to appreciate that she
was unlike many of her schoolmates.
Always energetic, she struggled to pay
attention in school, as her mind would
frequently wander.
Nevertheless, her academic
performance was strong, and few
teachers questioned her nature. After
all, no two people are the same and most
adults concluded Narusawa was just an
unusually vivacious kid.
Narusawa herself never understood
why she wasn't like everyone else. She
was isolated from other children and
she suffered bullying throughout her
school years.
"Sometimes when I'm explaining
this to kids, I still tear up and get a bit
emotional," she admits.
During her undergraduate studies
at UBC, Narusawa's grades began to
founder, as the heavier post-secondary
reading load took its toll. In her third
year, it all started to make sense when a
name was given to her condition.
"I was diagnosed with [the inattentive
sub-set of] ADHD, and giftedness," she
recalls. "And I remember when I found
out, I started crying. I kept thinking, 'If
I'm gifted, why can't I write this paper,
finish this reading, or this essay?'"
Following her diagnosis, among
the most important lessons
Narusawa learned were patience and
self-acceptance.
"I have to be more forgiving to myself -
remembering that if I forget something,
or make a mistake, that it's gonna
happen, and the point is to be always
trying."
She has even designated a highly
scientific name for the occasional
mental lapses, a term that cracks up her
young students: "brain farts."
After studying psychology, Narusawa
went on to specialize in education for
children with learning differences. She
works as a special education assistant
with the North Shore School District,
and is passionate about affording all
children the opportunity to succeed
both socially and academically.
Many ofthe kids Narusawa works
with face the same issues that she
confronted: social stigmas, frustration,
and problems coping with the rigours of
a traditional classroom environment.
Narusawa is the founder of Camp
Connect—a summer camp for children
aged six to 11 with learning differences—
which she will inaugurate this summer
at UBC. Through Camp Connect, she
hopes to help gifted and challenged
youngsters associate with others who
are dealing with similar circumstances,
and provide helpful exercises and
positive reinforcement.
"Do I think the social aspect of
learning differences gets neglected?"
asks Narusawa. "Yes, I would say so.
There's really not much support [in
schools] to work on things like social
skills, and self-advocacy for children
with learning differences. That's part of
•
Camp Connect is a new UBC summer camp for children 6 to 11 with learning differences.
the reason why I wanted to develop Camp Connect."
The youngsters Narusawa hopes will enroll in her camp
are children with ADD, ADHD, Asperger's syndrome, and
other social and learning-related challenges. Camp Connect
will provide them with an accepting environment and a
series of activities to improve confidence, self-esteem and
interpersonal skills. It will also help parents and caretakers
understand the difficulties created by dyslexia, ADHD and
other learning differences.
"Adults often think 'oh, they just need to focus more, they
need to work harder and adhere to a schedule,' but for some
reason, a lot of people have a hard time getting their mind
around dyslexia and ADHD, and it leads to a lot of frustration,"
she said.
One ofthe aims of Camp Connect is to introduce parents
to effective strategies to address their children's learning
difficulties and ease the associated stresses.
Camp Connect will be available in 4- and 5-day sessions
beginning on July 3, at the UBC Aquatic Centre. •
UBC summer 2012 camps offer kids sports, adventure, visual
arts, music, and specialty options. New highlights include:
two weeks of soccer at Templeton Park and Douglas Park, as
well as four weeks of musical theatre. Another unique camp is
"Lights, Camera, Action!" which gives budding film enthusiasts
a chance to explore theatre sound and lighting, digital
photography and film production.
Check out www.ubcccamps.ca for full course descriptions.
Vancouver Campus
Young Explorer Summer Camps is a weeklong environmental
and recreational adventure camp for children aged 7-11 at
Canada's oldest continually operating university botanical
garden, www.botanicalgarden.ubc.ca/summer-camps
FarmWonders summer camps offer an innovative, educational
program that allows children to explore issues of food security,
and better understand where the food they eat comes from.
farmwonders.ca
UBC Physics Outreach Summer Camps are for children in
Grades 2-10 who enjoy building things and learning about
science. Build planes, go SCUBA diving, learn the physics of
sound, or build a Martian habitat.
outreach.phas.ubc.ca/SummerCamps/
GEERing Up! offers week-long science, technology and
engineering camps for children in Grades 2 - 10.
www.geeringup. apse. ubc. ca
TechTrek Summer Camps—Campers take computers to a whole
new level, learning how to create cell phone apps, design games,
program robots and more, www.techtrek.ca
Gymnastics Camp—Children aged 4-12 will enjoy a week filled
with gymnastics activities and games, arts and crafts, and more.
www.hkin.educ.ubc.ca/gymnastics/UBC_Gymnastics/gymnastics_
camps.htm
CampOUT! is an empowering outdoor summer camp for queer,
trans, two-spirit, questioning, and allied youth aged 14-21 from
across British Columbia and the Yukon, campout.ubc.ca
eHealth Camps give youth in grades 10-12 the opportunity to
program health apps for smartphones, engage in health-training
computer simulations, and go behind the scenes at hospitals
and the TELUS Innovation Centre, www.ehealth.med.ubc.ca
The Institute for Aboriginal Health's Dentistry Program
is open to high school students who identify as First Nations,
Metis or Inuit, and provides teens with the opportunity to
learn and practice dentistry techniques. The camp is designed
to encourage First Nations, Metis and Inuit enrolment in the
dental profession, and takes place at the Nobel Biocare Oral
Health Centre, http://www.iah.ubc.ca/education/programs/
summer-science-program-2012
Okanagan Campus
U Camp offers themed week-long activity camps at UBC's
Okanagan campus. Camps include: Mini U, Kreative Kids,
Multi-Sports, UBC Survivor, Geering Up and Outdoor Adventure.
http://www.ubc.ca/okanagan/campusrec/camps.html
Heat Athletics' sports camps at the Okanagan campus give
campers the opportunity to enhance their athletic skills in a fun
and exciting way. Activities include Ultimate Frisbee, Basketball,
Soccer, Volleyball and athletic conditioning.
www.ubc.ca/okanagan/athletics/events/camps.html
14
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   July 2012
15 Keen on worker safety
Global Academics Internship at UBC builds confidence
Gudrun Jonsdottir
Ifyou accidentally pour acid on your
shoes in the lab or get banged up at
a UBC construction site, chances are
Gabriela de la Paz is going to know
about it. Her current internship at
UBC's Risk Management Services has
given her a glimpse into what she hopes
will be her future.
"I want to be a safety consultant, an
expert who protects the workforce," says
de la Paz, one of 26 current students
enrolled in the Global Academics
Internship program (GAIP) offered by
UBC Continuing Studies.
One of many Global Academics
programs offered by UBC Continuing
Studies, the GAIP program is designed
to help international students get their
bearings in Canada and to take part in
academic life before entering graduate
school or the workforce. The students
develop cultural fluency, valuable
communication skills and practical work
experience.
The GAIP program attracts students
from disciplines as diverse as theatre,
life sciences and media studies. Partner
organizations are equally varied and
include Metro Vancouver, Telus World of
Science, local seniors' centres and UBC.
Being immersed in
UBC's diversity has
been a highlight for
her, says de la Paz.
"I receive reports about accidents that
happen at UBC. I read them, categorize
them and sometimes I do a little
investigating into why they happened,"
says de la Paz. The ultimate goal is
to develop a centralized database for
better accident investigation, ultimately
improving the safety of workers and
students of UBC.
De la Paz hails from Monterrey, Mexico
where she graduated last December
with a bachelor's degree in industrial
engineering from the Monterrey Institute
of Technology university system (Tec de
Monterrey). She explains that she caught
the engineering bug from her father, also
an industrial engineer.
"I like industrial engineering because
it gives you a little bit of every area of
engineering," de la Paz says. All her
degree was missing, she adds, was "a
little business know-how."
To remedy that, de la Paz came to
UBC as an exchange student, earning a
certificate in supply chain management
and logistics at the Sauder School of
Business. This fall, de la Paz starts a
UBC master's program in occupational
safety and environmental hygiene.
The GAIP program has increased her
confidence for this new chapter, notes
de la Paz. "I wanted to do something so
Gabriela de la Paz worked with UBC's Risk management Services through the Global Academics Internship Program on
worker safety matters.
that I could gain practical experience in
occupational safety and so that I could
improve my English."
The internships are four to eight
weeks long, and de la Paz is nearing the
end of hers. "It has been an amazing
experience. Everyone has been so nice
and I think they have really prepared
me for the workplace." She says that
her co-workers' support and strong
sense of teamwork helped her excel at
her internship. The team left no man or
woman behind. "Key stakeholders were
always involved in my progress and we
regularly met for me to get feedback and
suggestions," she adds.
After being in an English-speaking
environment for a while, de la Paz has
gotten accustomed to different styles
of writing for the workplace. "I learned
technical vocabulary in safety and
health which will be useful for the rest
of my career," she says.
The first half of de la Paz's internship
consisted of coursework, with most of
her classmates being Korean. "It was a
challenge to adapt in such a short period
of time, being the only Mexican in the
group," says de la Paz. But as it turns
out, being immersed in UBC's diversity
has been a highlight for her. She says
she has gained new friends, being in
an environment so different from her
home university.
"[UBC's diversity] can give me abetter
picture of how business is done, which
are the best practices, not only in my
country or Canada but also in other
countries."
The 23-year-old is even more
enthusiastic about her future in
accident prevention because she took
full advantage of her experiences with
the GAIP program.
"I would absolutely recommend it. It
can give you a broader perspective of
how to apply what you learn at school.
Especially for jumping into a master's,
it can give you a great set of tools and
ifyou can make business work in
Vancouver, you can do it anywhere." •

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