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Array THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
T TBC REPORTS
Volume 41, Number 3
February 9,1995
• <_..       .    m^. «w«       <■ w« Gavin Wilson photo
Saying 'No* To Higher Fees
Students at UBC joined thousands across the country in protesting higher
tuition fees Jan. 25. Robin Wiley, above, was one ofthe speakers at a campus
rally. Tuition fees are widely expected to double or triple if the federal
government carries through with a proposal to cut transfer payments for
post-secondary education.
UBC scientists study
amidst ruins of Kobe
by Gavin Wilson
Stq/J writer
The earthquake-ravaged ruins of Kobe
were "a living laboratory" for a team of
UBC civil engineering professors who recently spent more than a week in Japan
surveyingthe aftermath of the Jan. 17 quake.
"It just overwhelmed us when we first
arrived," said Peter Byrne in a telephone
interview from Kyoto, where the team
based its visit.
'There are entire blocks where nothing
is standing. And it boggles the mind to see
the extent of damage to their freeway and
rail systems."
Byrne and his colleagues were part of
a team of academics, professional engineers and government engineers sent to
Japan by the Canadian Association for
Earthquake Engineers.
The team included five UBC civil engineering professors: Donald Anderson,
Helmut Prion and Carlos Ventura, who
are structural engineers, and Peter Byrne
and Liam Finn, geotechnical engineers
interested in the behaviour of soil, rock
and foundations.
Visiting major quake sites gives researchers rare insights and provides ideas
for future research into the behaviour of
soils and structures, such as bridges,
dams, docks and buildings.
"It's a living laboratory for us." Ventura
said. "We do our best to try to simulate
certain aspects of an earthquake in the
lab, but we can never simulate the effects
of a real earthquake.
"Every quake has a new lesson for us."
Some of these scientists have visited
other quake sites, most recently in Los
Angeles and San Francisco, but the Kobe
quake. Japan's worst in 70 years, posed
enormous challenges.
The city's major highway link was in
ruins, more than 50,000 buildings and
homes were destroyed or badly damaged, and railway and utility services
were still in a shambles. The death toll
topped 5,000 and 300.000 were made
homeless.
Based 120 kilometres away from Kobe,
the Canadian engineers had to make
their way to the city by train and in vans
provided by the Canadian embassy. Although they sometimes had a police escort, they often faced massive traffic jams
and once had to walk 15 kilometres.
Byrne was particularly interested in
Kobe's heavily damaged port facilities,
which were built on reclaimed land and
artificial islands. Such soils amplify
ground movement during a quake and
also suffer from liquefaction as they saturate with groundwater.
He warns of a similar fate for many
areas of the Lower Mainland, especially
Richmond, which are built on sediments
of the Fraser River delta.
See KOBE Page 9
Forestry Faculty to
look beyond GPA in
admission decisions
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Senate has cleared the way for the
Faculty of Forestry to accept up to 10
secondary school applicants on the basis
of extra-curricular interests, in addition
to minimum academic requirements.
The move may be the first step toward
a campus-wide broadening of grade-point-
average-based (GPA) admission requirements by faculties that admit directly
from Grade 12.
"As GPAs escalate, many people are
asking if that alone is ensuring that UBC
attracts the best students, at the expense
of other aspects of a student's life and
personal development," said Economics
Prof. Robert Will, chair of the Senate
admissions committee.
'The desire by the Faculty of Forestry
to take part in this pilot project for the
1995-96 academic year could result in
other faculties following suit in 1996-97."
Sandy Thomson, president ofthe UBC
Forestry Undergraduate Society, said she
is pleased with the new admission policy.
"It will open up opportunities to people
with a forestry background who would
otherwise not have the sufficient grades
to become enrolled in the faculty. It
seems that some students who are currently enrolled are not really prepared for
the field work that is required for both
courses and jobs, even though they have
maintained superior grades.
'The students I've spoken to in the
faculty support the initiative."
Approximately 10 applicants from secondary school who meet UBC's minimum
GPA requirements will be selected for
admission on the basis of additional information provided on a supplementary
application form. Fifty-five students will
be selected on GPA alone.
See FORESTRY Page 5
Four years in the making
UBC Board approves
discrimination policy
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC's policy on discrimination and
harassment was approved by the Board
ofGovernors at its Jan. 26 meeting, after
four years of debate and consultation on
campus.
The policy aims to create a study
and work environment free from discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment. It also provides procedures for handling complaints and imposing discipline when
discrimination and harassment do
occur.
The policy appears as a supplement in
this issue of UBC Reports.
Endorsed by Senate in January, and
by the Faculty Association, staff unions,
employee groups and student associations late last year, the policy is the result
of a consultative process that began in
1990. It replaces the existing policy on
sexual harassment.
'This policy took a long time to develop, but we feel that the outcome is very
good. The final version is better than any
ofthe previous drafts." said Vice-Provost
Libby Nason.
"Now we need to give it a chance to
work, and that requires the co-operation
of all members of the university community."
One of the major concerns raised on
campus is the policy's potential effect on
academic freedom, said Sharon E. Kahn,
associate vice-president. Equity.
"Following consultation with faculty
members, it became clear that the policy
must be consistent with the university's
commitment to. and policy on. academic
freedom," she said.
See POUCY Page 5
Inside
Woodcock Remembered
Obituary: A review ofthe life and achievements ofthe late George Woodcock
Forest Path 8
Forum: The dean of Forestry looks at challenges facing B.C.'s forest sector
Computer Crooks 9
Campus security offers advice on preventing computer theft
Sweet Tooth 12
Profile: Dentist David Sweet helps take a bite out of crime 2 UBC Reports • February 9, 1995
Letters
Association
very involved in
new policy
Editor:
Re: Prof. Suedfeld's Letter
Regarding the Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment
[UBC Reports, Jan. 12, 1995).
Prof. Suedfeld's assertion
that the Faculty Association
has been silent on this matter
is inaccurate. The association
is, of course, concerned with
the important issues of harassment and academic freedom
involved in this university
policy. For example, academic
freedom is recognized in the
Preamble to the Framework
Agreement as essential to the
pursuit and dissemination of
knowledge.
The Faculty Association
reviewed each version of the
policy from the time the first
draft was issued early in 1993.
Comments and suggestions
were submitted to the university administration, many of
which were incorporated into
subsequent drafts. Detailed
comments were provided by
the Association's Status of
Women Committee, Personnel
Services Committee and the
Executive; the Executive met
with the administration's
Policy Review Committee in
June of 1994 to discuss the
policy.
Tony Sheppard
President
Faculty Association
Bookstore hours
inconvenient
for off-campus
customers
Editor:
Perhaps some of your
readers share my complaint.
Since 1983, the year UBC
Bookstore moved to its present
location, it has opened late
Wednesday evenings. Having
the UBC Bookstore open late on
one weekday was convenient for
off-campus customers like
myself. Sometime last September, the late openings ended.
This was replaced by weekday
hours that extended to 6pm
daily. Now, January '95, I
notice the hours have receded
back to 5pm daily. In short,
there is no longer evening
hours at the UBC Bookstore.
Since my undergraduate
days, the UBC Bookstore has
had a slim reputation built I
think solely on its plentiful and
esoteric stock. Why does the
bookstore then want to alienate its off-campus customers?
When many bookstores in
town are both open late and
seven days a week, why does
the UBC Bookstore think it
sufficient to be open Saturdays
and office hours on weekdays
(closed Sundays)? Why do I
even care? Well, I'm tired of
standing out in the cold and
peeking through plate glass
windows looking at books I
can't buy.
David Abbott. BSc '88
Vancouver
Mathematics
should not be
overlooked
Editor:
It was with dismay that I
read the article in your Jan. 26
edition concerning the 1995
honorary degrees.  Some of the
mathematicians on campus
had nominated Dr. Ivar
Ekeland, who we considered to
be an outstanding candidate,
for a degree and the university
agreed.  Unfortunately the
article failed entirely to men
tion the fact that Dr. Ekeland
is an active mathematician.
Mathematics, by its nature,
has difficulty catching the eye
of the public.  It is the duty of
a university public relations
organ such as UBC Reports to
foster public awareness of all
the disciplines represented on
campus.  By failing to seize the
opportunity to point out that
here is an outstanding mathematician who has made a
variety of contributions to
society, you have done a
disservice to mathematics!
Ulrich Haussmann
Professor and Head
Mathematics
Changing face
of campus hard
to recognize
Editor:
A drive around the campus
of UBC should be a pleasant
experience for old graduates
and other visitors. We have
found it quite frustrating on
several occasions.
So many "no entry" signs
as well as no continuous
route to circumvent the
campus. Why couldn't there
be some informative direction
signs? It seems evident that
visitors are really being
discouraged to clutter up the
campus. No doubt Sundays
and holidays would be a
more suitable time to visit
and not be a hindrance.
We also found it most
difficult to identify most of the
buildings while driving by.
Even those that had names
were not too discernible.
As old graduates of the '20s
and '30s it should be a pleasure to reminisce on our years
at UBC and to see some of the
buildings we knew so well.
There seems to be a concerted
ambition to eradicate any
vestige ofthe formative years.
As long as there is money
available the demolition and
construction of new buildings
will no doubt continue on
apace.
No doubt our education at
UBC would be considered
most primitive by today's
standards. We did not have
much money in those days
but we were all happy that a
new university had been
built so soon after World War
I.
We socialized together at
UBC in those days and respected each other. Discrimination and questionable
behaviour, if it did happen,
was probably minimal.
As the logo on the Quebec
license plate states: "Je me
souviens".
D.C. Mclntyre, BSc (Agr) '29
Vancouver
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 KlBC REPORTS
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Public Affairs Office,
207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z2.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Stephen Forgacs
Contributors: Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131
(phone), (604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 3
Policy upholds
scholars' integrity
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
A new university policy on scholarly
integrity has received approval from
UBC's Board of Governors.
The three-fold purpose ofthe policy is to:
• promote scholarly integrity among scholars in order to maintain and enhance the
impartiality that universities offer society;
• proscribe activities that breach generally acceptable standards of scholarly
conduct;
• provide a process for dealing with allegations of scholarly misconduct quickly.
Dan Birch, vice-president. Academic
and Provost, said that although the
number of people who violate normal
standards of scholarly integrity is small,
the fact that it occurs makes it essential
to have clear procedures for dealing with
allegations of scholarly misconduct.
He added that recent events at
Concordia University prompted the national granting councils to require all
universities to have appropriate policies
in place as a condition of eligibility for
research grants.
"In the process of developing a policy,
we came to realize that it would be helpful
to frame it in terms of promoting scholarly integrity rather than forbidding scholarly misconduct," Birch said.
"It is incumbent on the university as a
community of scholars to examine the
standards that govern our conduct, and
to ensure that an appreciation of integrity
in research and teaching is an integral
part of a graduate education, and of the
induction of faculty members into the
community."
Birch and a small working group, which
included representation from the faculties of Law, Science, Medicine and Arts,
began developing the policy in August
1993. Vice-provost Libby Nason coordinated the process.
For complete details ofthe policy, please
see the supplement in this issue of UBC
Reports.
Students vote to fund
autonomous Ubyssey
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC students have said yes to a campus newspaper autonomous from the
Alma Mater Society (AMS) and have approved an annual levy of $5 per full-time
student to help support the publication.
In a referendum held last month, students voted in favour of resurrecting the
Ubysseybyamarginof3,252 to 2,118, or
69 per cent.
Founded in 1918, the Ubyssey shut
down last April after failed attempts by
student council to retain an editor-in-
chief to oversee the paper's operations.
"Student council could no longer
govern and publish a newspaper that
styled itself as the opposition," said
Janice Boyle, AMS president-elect. 'The
relationship between the Ubyssey and
council became too abrasive and difficult to manage."
Boyle said the yes vote on the referendum was the best thing campus has seen
in the last 10 years.
"It means a positive change for both
the AMS and the Ubyssey," she said.
"Council can get on with its job of advo
cating student interests and the Ubyssey
can do what it's supposed to do — publish a newspaper."
The society will be governed by a seven-
person board of directors composed of
three newspaper staff representatives and
three voting members ofthe society elected
by the membership.
The seventh member will be a community representative with journalistic experience appointed by the board.
Voting members of the society are defined as persons who are registered in a
credit course or who were so registered on
the last day of March of the current
academic year.
Boyle said that the AMS, which has
copyright ownership of the Ubyssey, will
allow the transfer of the name to The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
The society will be requesting that the
Board of Governors approve the $5 levy
as part of student fees collected by the
university administration. The fee will be
prorated for part-time students.
The Ubyssey is expected to publish
approximately 60 issues, two papers each
week throughout the academic year, beginning in September.
Les Belles Soeurs
Playwright Michel Tremblay's Les Belles Soeurs delighted audiences at
Frederic Wood Theatre in January. Caught in the act are: Shannon Woelk
(back left), Sharon Feder (under table), Sarah Redmond (seated) and Larissa
Ballstadt. Sunspots, a new play by Dennis Foon, opens March 8.
Class Act campaign begins
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Sixteen academic units from across
campus kicked off the 1995 Class Act
graduating class gift campaign Jan. 26.
The goal for this year's campaign is
$196,000, with an average gift of $172
per student.
Students from each faculty have chosen a project they feel best represents
their faculty's needs.
Students in the Faculty of Medicine
are being asked to contribute toward the
purchase of a computer. The School of
Human Kinetics will turn student pledges
into a series of lab improvements. And
students in the Faculty of Law have decided their Class Act contributions will go
toward the purchase of a pool table.
Four new schools and departments
have come on board for this year's campaign: varsity athletics, intramurals.
Landscape Architecture and Family and
Nutritional Sciences.
In addition, those graduating students
who volunteer eight hours of their time to
Class Act are eligible to win a weekend for
two at the Chateau Whistler Resort.
For more information on the Class Act
campaign, call Simone Carnegie at the
UBC Development Office at 822-8630.
Philanthropist Wall committed to excellence
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
Vancouver-based
international financier
Peter Wall, admired for
his philanthropic commitment to better his
community, is one of
13 distinguished individuals who will receive
an honorary degree
from UBC this year.
Wall is chairman of
Wall Financial Corporation, owner of the
391 -room Wall Centre
Garden Hotel which
anchors the $250-mil-
lion Wall Centre in downtown Vancouver.
His support of organizations such
as the Canadian National Institute for
the Blind (CNIB),  B.C.'s Children's
Hospital, theVancouver
Opera Society, the Vancouver Art Gallery and
UBC, among others, has
benefitted a broad range
of business, cultural,
community and academic activities over
many years.
The CNIB recently
completed construction
of its new service centre
and headquarters for the
B.C. Yukon division,
made possible with a
generous gift from the
Wall Family.
Dedicated on March
1   last year,   the Wall
Family Place provides rehabilitation services for over 13,000 blind, visually impaired and deaf-blind people.
Wall's philanthropy was also responsible for bringing world-class tenor, and
Tom Butler photo
Peter Wall
UBC graduate, Ben Heppner to the
Orpheum Theatre in 1994 where he
gave the same stunning performance
he is celebrated for at La Scala and The
Metropolitan Opera
In 1991, Wall made a private donation
of $ 15 million to UBC's fund-raising capital campaign, A World of Opportunity.
The gift, which was used to create the
Peter Wall Endowment at the University
of British Columbia, is the largest donation made to the university in its 80-year
history, and is among the largest ever
made to a Canadian university.
Wall's endowment will enable scholars
in residence to study and conduct research in a wide range of fields spanning
the humanities, social sciences, life sciences and physical sciences.
It also provides funding for two new
chairs to support the university in its
pursuit of academic excellence.
Nobel prize winner Michael Smith, who
is also director of UBC's Biotechnology
Laboratory, and Commerce Prof.
Raphael Amit, director of UBC's Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital
Centre in the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, were
designated Peter Wall Distinguished
Professors last June.
The UBC Tributes Committee,
which recommends nominees for honorary degrees, cited Wall for his commitment to recognizing and supporting excellence in Canadian society.
He is also being honoured for showing leadership, creativity and innovation in the business world and in the
community at large.
Honorary degrees will be conferred
during UBC's two graduation ceremonies: Spring Congregation, May 30 to
June 2 and Fall Congregation, Nov.
23.
(This is the first in a series of articles
featuring UBC's 1995 honorary degree
recipients.) 4 UBC Reports • February 9, 1995
Obituary
George Woodcock: 1912-1995
A Man of Letters
by W. H. New
William H. New of UBCs English Dept. is
editor of Canadian Literature, a position he
assumed from Woodcock in 1977.
Poet, critic, biographer and historian
George Woodcock died at his home on
January 28, 1995.  He was 82.  Celebrated
throughout the world for his cogent observations on society and culture, he was perhaps
best known for his history of anarchism, his
biography of his friend
George Orwell, his
travel books on China,
India, and Latin
America, and for the
founding of the
journal Canadian
Literature.
But he accomplished so much that
it is hard to single out
one or two works
alone to represent
him.  People who have
listened to and
watched the CBC over
the last three decades
will remember George
Woodcock as a social
commentator, a radio
dramatist, and the
narrator and
scriptwriter of an
evocative television
documentary on the cultures of the South
Pacific. Readers of his books will remember
his intellectual range and his lucid style.
Those who knew the man himself will remember his wonderful anecdotes, his sharp mind,
and his extraordinary, quiet generosity.
The University of B.C. had a special
connection with George Woodcock.  From
1956 to the 1970s, he lectured in the English
Dept., teaching a course on European
literature in translation. And in 1959, when
the university began to publish Canadian
Literature, the first journal devoted solely to
the study of Canada's writers and writing,
George Woodcock became its first editor.  He
continued as editor till 1977, and under his
guidance the journal thrived, attracting most
of Canada's major writers as active contributors.
At his retirement, the university awarded
him an honorary DLitt (one of five honorary
degrees that he received from various universities across Canada).  In 1978 UBC Press
also published A Political Art. a celebratory
collection of essays, poems, and paintings by
his friends (including painters Jack Shadbolt
and John Korner, poets Al Purdy and
Kathleen Raine, novelists Julian Symons and
Margaret Laurence, architect Arthur
Erickson, and historian Ramsay Cook).
Behind this illustrious career is the story
of the man himself, a man who never forgot
his childhood poverty, his Welsh coal-mining
roots, or his connection with the ordinary
people ofthe world.  Born May 8, 1912, in
Winnipeg, he grew up in Shropshire, where
his parents, who had not been successful in
Canada, had settled after returning to
England. Woodcock completed grammar
school in 1928, and had no further academic
training.  He worked as a London railway
clerk, at 30 shillings a week, during the
1930s.  But gradually, as an aspiring poet,
he came to know a number of the leading
English writers of the time, people such as
Herbert Read and Aldous Huxley, about
whom he later wrote.  Unlike a number of
others, however, he was never willing to settle
for conventional answers to social problems.
By the 1940s— now a friend of George Orwell
and Marie-Louise Berneri—he was a committed pacifist and a champion of philosophical
George Woodcock
anarchism.  He believed, that is, that individual liberty always takes precedence over
state authority. This belief shaped his
thought and actions for the rest of his life.
In 1949 he and his wife Ingeborg emigrated to Canada, taking up a plot of land
near Sooke, trying to turn the stony ground
into a market garden. They were hoping
(partly on the model of the Doukhobours) to
live out in practice the Tolstoyan ideal of true
independence.  When the garden proved
unproductive, he
resolved to live as a
professional writer,
but in Canada in the
early 1950s this still
remained difficult.
Canada nevertheless
became his chosen
permanent home in
1955. The difference
between Canada and
the U.S. became
apparent when an
opportunity to teach
at the University of
Washington was
curtailed; for like so
many other Canadians who openly
espoused freedom of
expression, George
Woodcock was
prevented by
McCarthyite paranoia
from re-entering the United States.   It was
then, despite his ongoing questioning of the
powers of institutions, that he joined the
faculty at UBC and his publishing career
began in earnest.
Scores of books followed—almost 150 in
total—including Anarchism (1962), Faces of
India (1964, a travel book), Canada and the
Canadians (1970, a social history). The
Rejection of Politics (1972, essays on freedom), Gabriel Dumont (1975, for which he
won a biography award). Caves in the Desert
(1988, a discovery of China). British Columbia (1990, one ofthe first histories to recognize the role of the First Nations in shaping
B.C. society), three volumes of autobiography, and The Cherry Tree on Cherry Street
(1994, his last book of poems, a moving set
of meditations on old age and impending
death).
In 1994 he was awarded the freedom of
the city of Vancouver.   It was an honour he
accepted with pleasure—though he had
earlier refused the "state honour" ofthe
Order of Canada.  In this distinction he was
true to his philosophy, for he identified the
city—as distinct from the nation-state—with
civil rights and civil freedoms; hence he
considered the city's award the "gift of my
neighbours," a celebration of human equality.  His own quiet acts of generosity were
also assertions of human dignity.  With his
wife, he set up the Tibetan Refugee Aid
organization, the Canada-India Village Aid
society, and the Woodcock emergency fund
for artists.   He worked tirelessly not just to
recognize problems but also to resolve them.
This was a man who could talk eloquently
and write clearly about ancient cultures and
modern politics, historical figures and
contemporary art.  This was also a gentle
and shy man, one who loved animals, who
enjoyed mountain walks, and who earned
the esteem of the Dalai Lama.  His readers
admired him; his friends loved him.
When UBC awarded him the DLitt in
1977, the testimonial called him "an established man ofletters." The university praised
him for his wide range of accomplishment,
his "prodigious activity" and "merited fame."
"We take pride in that fame," the president
said.  We still do.
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The President's Advisory Committee
on Lectures
Professor Peter Parshall
Art History
Reed College, Portland, Oregon
PICTORIAL ENTRAPMENT:
The Prospect of Double Meanings in
Northern Renaissance Art
Friday, February 24 at 12:30 PM
Lecture in Lasserre 102
This visit is co-sponsored by
Green College Lectures
in Medieval and Renaissance Studies UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 5
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Continued from Page 1
All applicants who do not meet
the early admission cutoff for
the faculty's competitive average will be sent a copy of the
supplementary form, with an invitation to submit it for possible
consideration by the faculty's
admission committee. The forestry admission committee will
consider all applicants who have
a final average that is between
the minimum average for admission to UBC (67 per cent) and the
competitive average for admission to the faculty.
On the forestry supplementary application form, prospective students will get an opportunity to list their most significant extra-curricular interests
and activities, including work
experience, during the past two
years: describe any awards, honours or recognition that they may
have received during the past
two years; and indicate why they
wish to study forestry at UBC.
Forestry Associate Dean Tony
Kozak said one of the faculty's
aims is to try to accommodate
those students who make forestry their first choice, although
their GPA may not be up to the
faculty's usual high standards.
"Entry GPA has risen to the
point that it now excludes many
applicants who would be excellent professionals in the diverse
areas of forestry," said Kozak.
The faculty first expressed an
interest in interviewing prospective students early last year, in
an effort to develop a more well-
rounded student body with a diverse cross-section of interests.
However, the initiative came
too late for the 1994-95 academic year. A Senate ad hoc
committee comprising representatives from across campus
was subsequently struck to develop a questionnaire to be used
in conjunction with application
for admission to the first year of
the BSF and BSc (Forestry) programs.
A member of the ad hoc committee, Kozak stressed that the
questions contained in the supplementary application form are
not set in stone and may be
changed from one year to the
next, based on the faculty's experiences. Subsequent questionnaires developed by the ad
hoc committee will keep in mind
the individual faculty's unique
needs and requirements.
"Some academic units on
campus have already moved
some distance away from a common, university-wide admissions
policy with respect to high school
applicants," said Will.
"Applicants to the School of
Music must perform at an audition. Those applying to the Landscape Architecture Program
must produce a portfolio and fill
out a supplementary application form, which is designed to
provide additional information
for the program's admissions
committee."
Will said the Senate admissions committee is expected to
report to Senate in the fall with a
more complete proposal for all
faculties that wish to consider
more subjective criteria when
admitting students.
Policy
Continued from Page 1
The discrimination and harassment policy will not limit
the rights of faculty, staff and
students to discuss potentially
controversial matters, and it
will not prohibit instructional
techniques, as long as the discussion and techniques are
conducted in a respectful, noncoercive manner.
Nason said a wide range of
individuals and groups on campus were consulted during the
policy review, and many of their
comments were incorporated in
the final draft.
Among those consulted were
the Alma Mater Society, the
Graduate Student Society,  all
administrative heads of units,
every union and employee group,
and researchers with an interest
in human rights issues.
At one point, Nason said, UBC
was looking at adopting the B.C.
Telephone Co. model, where supervisors play the primary role
in investigating complaints. But
some campus groups wanted a
"safe haven" for complainants
who may be uncomfortable dealing with supervisors.
As a result, at UBC there are
two ways to lodge a harassment
or discrimination complaint:
through the administrative
heads of units or through the
Equity Office.
Administrative heads of units
will, however, play an increasingly large role in resolving discrimination and harassment
complaints. Kahn believes most
complaints will be resolved at
the departmental level.
"My office is not interested in
creating an equity bureaucracy,"
she said. "Many sexual harassment cases are resolved informally, and we anticipate similar
results with this new policy."
Kahn noted that some faculties and departments, such
as Education and English, are
already designating individuals other than department
heads as confidential advisors
for equity concerns. As well,
the Faculty of Law has asked
an ad hoc committee to create
a discrimination-free environment.
'The Equity Office will provide training and advice to support units that are looking at
ways of promoting the university's objectives of eliminating harassment and discrimination,"
Kahn said.
Kahn has been asked to report to the Board of Governors
after six months and again after
one year on how the policy has
been put into practice.
In the meantime, she will set
up an advisory committee to oversee administration of the policy
and establish an equity resource
group of off-campus experts.
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NEWWHOME 6 UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
Calendar
February 12 through February 25
Friday, Feb. 10
Techniques For Teaching
Second Languages
Workshop
Second Language Teaching Conference. Carr Hall conference
room at 12:30pm. Hosted by The
English Language Institute/The
Centre for Intercultural Language
Studies.  Call 822-1525/5457.
Sunday, Feb. 12
MOA Spotlight On India
Asha Lohia And The Pandit Jasraj
School Of Music. MOA Great
Hall from 2:30-3:15pm. Accompanied by Satwant Singh, tabla:
Firoze Kassam, harmonium. Free
with museum admission. Call
822-4604.
Music Concert
Beethoven, The Piano And Violin
Sonatas. Jane Coop, pianist:
Andrew Dawes, violinist. Music
recital hall at 3pm. Call 822-
5574.
Monday, Feb. 13
Gender/History Seminar
Series
Regarding Some Old Husband's
Tales: Public And Private In Feminist History. Dr. Leonore DavidofT,
Sociology, U. of Essex; founder
editor of Gender and History.
Buchanan A-204 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-5748/5706.
Physiology Seminar Series
Can An Old Dog Or New Hamster
Teach Us Anything About Heart
Failure? Dr. Douglas L. Jones,
Physiology/Medicine, Western U.
Copp seminar room 2002/04
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call Dr.
Buchanan at 822-2083.
Mechanical Engineering
Seminar
Analytical/Experimental Studies
On Wing Tip Vortices. Shizhong
Duan, PhD student. CEME 1202
from 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-6671.
Applied Mathematics
Colloquium
High-Order Accurate Schemes
For Incompressible Viscous Flow.
Dr. John Strikwerda, Computer
Sciences, U. ofWisconsin at Madison. Math 203 at 3:30pm. Call
822-4584.
Biochemistry /Molecular
Biology Seminar
Glycoprotein Glycosylation: Effects On Cell Proliferation, Substratum Adhesion And
Apopotosis. Dr. Jim Dennis, Mr.
Sinai,Toronto. IRC #4at3:45pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call
822-9871.
Astronomy Seminar
The Hot Stellar Component In
Elliptical Galaxies. Harry
Ferguson, Space Telescope Science Institute. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee at
3:30pm.  Call 822- 2267/2696.
Comparative Physiology
Seminar
Hypoxic Adaptations Of Fish Haemoglobin. Dr. Roy E. Weber, U.
of Aarhus. Denmark. BioSciences
2449 at 4:30pm. Call Dr. Milsom
at 822-2310.
Tuesday, Feb. 14
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Polymer Characterization. Richard
Liggins, grad student. IRC #3 at
12:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Introduction To The 19th Century
Russian Novel. Part of an ongoing
series to March 14. Hotel Georgia
from 10:00-11:30am. Call 822-
1450.
Continuing Studies Lecture
The Grand Narrative: Art Of The
Renaissance In Italy. Part of an
ongoing series to March 14. Hotel
Georgia from 2-3:30pm. Call 822-
1450.
Animal Science Seminar
Series
Corticosteroid Effects On Stress
Protein Expression In Fish. Carl
Mazur, grad student. MacMillan
256 at 12:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-4592.
Botany Seminar
The Demand-driven Control Of
Nutrient Acquisition By Higher
Plants. Examples from N&S Nutrition. Dr. Bruno Touraine, Institut
National de la Recherche
Agronomique, Montpellier.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures in Modern
Chemistry
Microwave-Induced Plasmas In
Spectrochemical Analysis: Fundamental Studies /Analytical Applications. Prof. Joseph Hubert. U. of
Montreal. Chemistry 250, south
wing at lpm. Refreshments at
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Oceanography Seminar
Water Diversions, Salmon/Politics. Prof. Mike Healy, Westwater
Research Centre/Oceanography.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm. Call
822-4511.
Gender/History Speaker
Seminar Series
Catching The Greased Pig: The
Debate Over Domesticity In
Feminist History. Dr. Leonore
Davidoff, Sociology, U. of Essex,
founding editor of Gender and
History. Buchanan Penthouse
from 4:30- 6:30pm. Call 822-
5748/5706.
Applied Ethics Colloquium
The Ethics Of Retroactive Environmental Legislation. Michael
McDonald, director, Centre for
Applied Ethics. Angus 415 from
4-6pm.  Call 822-5139.
Wednesday, Feb. 15
Microbiology/Immunology
Seminar
A Complex Self Splicing And Mobile Intron From Didymium Iridis
Ribosomal DNA. Finn Haughli, visiting scientist. Wesbrook 201 from
12-1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Poetry Reading
Race, Class And Gender. Joanne
Arnott. Lasserre 105 at 12:30pm.
Sponsored by the Canada Council.  Call 822-2759.
Noon Hour Concert
Norbert Kraft, guitar. Music recital hall at 12:30pm. Admission
$2.50. Call 822-5574.
Canadian Studies Lecture
Establishing Meaning In Story And
Song: The Work Of Mrs. Angela
Sydney. Julie Cruikshank, Anthropology/Sociology. Buchanan B-
212 at 12:30pm. Call 822-5193.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Mental Health And The Law In
Japan. Stephen Salzberg, Law.
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-2629.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Sedation For Oncology Procedures
In Pediatric Patients: ChoosingThe
Best Agent. Vancouver Hosp/HSC
Pavilion G-279. Call 822-4645.
Respiratory Seminar Series
A Global Perspective On Indoor Air
Pollution: Particulate Exposures
In Rural Mexico. Dr. Michael
Brauer, Medicine. Vancouver
Hosp/HSC Laurel Pavilion, Taylor-
Fiddler conference room from 5-
6pm. Call 822-7128.
The Quebec Debate
Three Consecutive Wednesdays.
Farewell Quebec? Separatism/The
Survival Of Canada. Jean Claude
Robert; Alan Cairns; Dorothy
Henaut; Darryl Duke; Guy
LaForest; Philip Resnick. Langara
College room A-130 from 7:30-
10pm. Sponsored by Continuing
Studies.  Call 822-1450.
Geophysics Seminar
Why Geophysicists Should Know
Something About Geostatistics.
FSS International/R. Mohan
Srivastiva, Geostatistical consultant. Geophysics/Astronomy 260
at 4pm. Coffee at 3:45pm. Call
822-2082.
UBC Senate Meeting
The Sixth Regular Meeting OfThe
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament. Curtis 102, 1822 East Mall
at 8pm.
Geography Colloquium
Planet Earth As A Self-Regulating
Environmental System: The Science Of Gaia. Dr. Kurt Grimm, UBC
Geology. Geography 201 at 3:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-4929.
Women Students' Office
Series
Women students of colour discussion and support group presents
Living And Working With A Double
Consciousness, Yvonne Brown.
Brock Hall 207 at 12:30pm. Call
822-2415.
Thursday, Feb. 16
Continuing Education/
Applied Science Workshop
Continues Feb. 17. Physical Accessibility Series: Building Universal Access. Includes latest developments in provincial government resource materials. CICSR/
CS 208 from 8:30am-4:30pm.
$310. Call 822-3347.
Transplant Immunology
Discussion Group
Rose Of ICAMs In The Activation
Of Allogeneic T-Cells. Dr. Fumio
Takei, Pathology/Microbiology/
Medical Genetics. BC Cancer Research Centre seminar room at
9am.  Call 877-6070.
Continuing Studies Lectures
Caravan Cities Of Arabia And Syria.
Part of an ongoing series to March
2. Hotel Georgia from 10-11:30am.
Call 822-1450.
Geography Conference
Now through Feb. 17. Trouble In
The Rainforest: Community And
Crisis In British Columbia's Resource Hinterland. Geography 100
from 9am-3pm. Co-sponsored by
SFU.   Call 822-5804.
Hort Club Workshop
Orchid Propagation: Dendrobium
Moniliforme. Greenhouse staff.
Horticulture greenhouse 102 from
1:30-2:20pm. Fee $5 for non- members. Call 822-3238.
Biochemistry/Molecular
Biology Seminar
Thrombopoletin - At Last: Cloning
And Characterization OfThe Missing Regulator Of Platelet Production. Dr. Don Foster, director,
Molecular/Cellular Biology,
Zymogenetics. IRC #1 at 3:45pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
9871.
CICSR Faculty Forum
Monitoring/Improving Television
Picture Quality. Dr. Rabab Ward,
Electrical Engineering. CICSR/CS-
208 at 4pm. Call 822-6894.
Thunderbirds Basketball
UBC Thunderbirds Vs Victoria Vikings. War Memorial Gymnasium,
women at 6pm/men at 7:45pm.
Adults $6, seniors/students $4,
UBC students free. Call 222-2473.
Distinguished Speakers
Series
Thinking Your Way Past The Disease Of Post-Modernism. Frithjof
Bergmann. Hotel Georgia from
7:30-9:30pm. $10 per lecture or
$35 for all four. To register call
822-1450.
Friday, Feb. 17
Software Conference
Now through Feb. 18. Choosing
And Learning Software For Qualitative Data Analysis: A Working
Conference.  Call 822-1150.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Useless And Useful Investigations
In Pediatric Rheumatology: A Personal Perspective. Dr. Peter
Malleson, Pediatric Rheumatology.
GF Strong Auditorium at 9am.
Call 875-2307.
Psychiatry Conference
Challenges In Psychodynamic Psychiatry. Dr. GlenO. Gabbard, Psychoanalysis/Education, Karl
Menninger School of Psychiatry.
Vancouver Hosp/HSC Detwiller
Pavilion theatre from 4-7pm. Registration $60. Call Denise at 822-
0574.
Thunderbirds Hockey
AlsoonFeb. 18.UBCThunderbirds
Vs Alberta Golden Bears.
Thunderbird Winter Sports Cen-
treat 7:30pm. Adults$6. seniors/
students $4, UBC students free.
Call 222-2473.
Saturday, Feb. 18
Law Symposium
Eastern Europe And Russia: A
Perspective. A discussion/analysis with a panel of five. Curtis
101 from 9am-3pm. Call Jane at
222-9225, ans. machine.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Is Conservation A Lost Cause?
From BC To Africa. Prof. Anthony
Sinclair, Zoology. IRC #2 at
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Monday, Feb. 20
Representative Democracy
Lecture Series
Political Science Dept./Ned
DeBeck Foundation Speakers'
Series: The Crisis of Representative Democracy in
Canada. Electoral Reform And
Aboriginal Representation. Dr.
Roger Gibbins, Political Science, U. of Calgary. Buchanan
A104 at 12:30pm. Also Tuesday, Feb. 21, 12-1:30pm, Hotel
Georgia. Sponsored by Continuing Studies. Call 822-2345.
Pacific Spirit Noon Hour
Series
Hakomi Therapy: A Body-
Centered Approach. Sydney
Foran, MSW/ coordinator Counselling at Pacific Spirit Family/
Community Services. Lower level
Social Work 028 from 12-lpm.
Call 822-4824.
Biochemistry/Molecular
Biology Seminar
The Signal Transduction Pathway In Bacterial Chemotaxis: A
Structural And Dynamic View
Using NMR. Dr. Rick Dahlquist.
Institute of Molecular Biology, U.
of Oregon. IRC #4 at 3:45pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call
822-9871.
Applied Mathematics
Colloquium
Army Ants: Specialists In Carnage And Conservation. Dr.
Nicholas Britton. Centre for
Mathematical Biology, U. of Bath,
UK. Math 203 at 3:30pm. Call
822-4584.
Astronomy Seminar
Structure And Origin OfThe Galactic Halo. Steven Majewski,
Carnegie Observatories. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm.
Cofreeat3:30pm. Call822-2267/
2696.
Comparative Physiology
Seminar
The Impact Of Flight Kinematics
On Respiratory Pattern And Me-
UBCREPORTS
CALENDAR POLICY AND DEADLINES
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 207-6328
Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2. Phone: 822-
3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be limited
due to space.
Deadline for the February 23 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period February 26 to March 11 — is
noon, February 14. UBC Reports
Supplement Section
Contents
Land Use .And Development Objectives Page 2
Policy:    Discrimination and Harassment Page 3-6
Scholarly Integrity Page 7-8
Extra-University Activities (Conflict of Interest) Page 8 2 Supplement to UBC Reports • February 9, 1995
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
LAND USE AND DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES
Draft #2, January 26,1995
INTRODUCTION
The attached document is a second draft
that reflects the comments provided in
response to the first draft. A further
round of campus consultation will take
place to be followed by a third draft for
consideration at the March Board ofGovernors meeting. If adopted at that meeting this document would become the
input to the public process to be initiated
under the joint UBC/GVRD agreement
on a process to develop an Official Community Plan. This draft was approved by
the Board for public discussion.
I. OVERVIEW
The University of British Columbia, as an
academic enterprise, is an important local, regional, provincial, and national
resource. The great cities ofthe world are
those in which their universities are centres of academic and cultural interaction.
Historically, the University has always
been an important part of the City of
Vancouver. The concept of the major
academic and educational institution as
an essential component in a growing,
dynamic and vibrant city will continue to
be a key element of the mission of the
University.
The growth ofthe University parallels the
growth of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. The University can reasonably expect to continue experiencing
a wider diversity of educational, recreational, and cultural activities on the campus. The pressures of regional growth
and change, as well as increasing utilization of the campus by the wider community, challenge the University to continue
to build and develop its traditional reciprocal link to the city.
As a place, the University is beautiful,
admired across the country; however,
there are many parts of the campus with
unrealized potential. While the sense of
community is continuing to develop with
many more people living on campus,
there is the impression of a place alive
and inhabited only during working hours.
The campus land use needs to be integrated with the Greater Vancouver Regional District's Livable Region Strategy
for growth management subject to accomplishing the University's mission.
In response to its mandate to be the
senior institution of higher education
and research in a vibrant Pacific city, the
University will responsibly develop land
in order to support the academic and
research mission. The long term land use
objectives are synergistic with UBC's growing role in teaching and research as defined by the mission and for the benefit of
all the people of British Columbia.
2. DEVELOPMENT PARAMETERS
a) Development must honour the site
by considering many of its natural
features such as view corridors, landscape, topography, the Pacific Ocean,
Pacific Spirit Park (one ofthe world's
great urban parks), and as an integral element ofthe City of Vancouver and of the Greater Vancouver
Regional District.
b) Development must be consistent
with the planning principles (see
appendix).
c) Development must be responsive to
the existing heritage of the site including features such as buildings,
boulevards, Botanical Gardens,
Nitobe Gardens, the Mall structure,
the great open spaces (playing fields,
etc.) transport routes. Library
Square, North Lawn, Rose Garden,
South Lawn, Playing Fields.
d) Development should be towards flexible use and to accommodate core
academic and support growth
through infill and intensification
within the confines of the current
Main Campus area north of
Thunderbird Boulevard.
3. LAND USE OBJECTIVES
The 383 hectare campus will be developed so that about 30% will be for long
term leases for market housing to develop resources to help meet the mission
statement and at the same time to help
the GVRD in its urgent quest to achieve a
compact metropolitan region.
The University will assist in meeting this
regional objective by:
accommodating a share of residential
growth slated for Vancouver that is also
compatible with UBC's primary mission
to support its academic enterprise. The
University will ensure that all land uses
utilize as compact a form as possible.
All income from long term leases will be
used for endowments, for long term assets which directly support the mission,
and which allow the University to expand
its human resources through programs
such as endowment claims. Under University policy, endowments are managed
as appreciating assets.    For example,
each faculty position added to the University contributes in a very significant
way to the growth and development ofthe
province by way of teaching, research,
and the associated indirect economic
activity.
The remaining 70% ofthe campus will be
reserved for future academic and related
institutional use (about 40% has been
developed but with considerable opportunities for diversification; about 30% is
available for future use). These future
uses include academic buildings, research
buildings in a research park environment, student housing and other similar
needs that will emerge over the long term.
In support of these objectives we will:
1) Develop and reinforce a distinct campus landscape character, distinguished by a mix of urban
streetscapes and open spaces.
2) Ensure a mixed use concept of land
development which precludes isolated single purpose enclaves.
3) Create human scaled road networks
which function as multi use public
places as well as movement corridors.
4) Reduce the barrier effects of and
land consumed by major traffic arteries and create physical and visual
linkages across them.
5) Incrementally reduce surface parking lots through such measures as
the construction of parkades, encouragement of bicycles and transit, reduction of oversized roadways,
transit supportive development, and
the establishment of a viable resident population.
6) Increase transportation choice by
providing opportunities for people
to live close to the core of Vancouver,
and hence reduce the travel from
suburban centres.
7) by supporting the Region's Traffic
Demand Management measures
such as utilizing high occupancy
vehicles, increasing parking charges,
and exhibiting preference for transit, bicycle and pedestrians, and by
providing for a modern regional transit terminus and a flexible and distributed transit service on campus.
8) by providing optimal public safety
by careful location and design of
building types, movement systems,
utilities, public services and lighting.
4. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES
UBC must develop its land in a manner
that synergistically increases the vitality
and viability that is reflected in UBC's
mission statement. This must be done in
a way that sees the land base being
integral to a sense of community not only
on campus but as an integral part of its
great urban region. Everything added
must contribute in an organic way to the
health and managed growth ofthe greater
community. The framework is as follows:
Approximately 85 hectares (22%) to
academic and support use north of
Thunderbird Drive in the existing
main campus.
Approximately 50 hectares (13%) to
student housing north of
Thunderbird Drive, in the existing
main campus.
Approximately 30 hectares (8%) to
university housing east of Wesbrook
Drive.
Approximately 25 hectares (7%) to
Botanical Gardens south of
Thunderbird Drive.
Approximately 5 hectares (1%) to
Plant Operations.
Approximately 25 hectares (7%) to
athletic facilities and fields south of
Thunderbird Drive.
Approximately 50 hectares (13%)
to research south of Thunderbird
Drive.
Approximately 10 hectares (3%) to
existing Hampton Place for market
housing.
Approximately 50 hectares (13%) to
market housing south of
Thunderbird Drive.
Approximately 50 hectares (13%)
south of Thunderbird Drive as a
reserve for future market housing,
part or all of which may be used for
low intensity academic or research
use in the interim.
Adjacent to the campus, on land
owned by the University, fraternities and the Provincial Government,
approximately 3 hectares (1%) to be
developed for affordable housing in
a joint venture between the University and the Province.
Development of market and student
housing in the theological precinct.
PLANNING PRINCIPLES
A.        A PLANNING MISSION
i. Institutional Stewardship - In order
to reinforce the University's Mission, planning will promote the use
ofthe land resource so as to optimize
academic, social, and cultural opportunities for the institution.
ii. Integrated Community - Planning
will promote a university community composed of a balance of activities designed to support the needs of
the mind, spirit, and body.
iii. Sensitive Development - Planning
will promote the development of university land in a way which will
balance the needs of the present
with those of the future within a
total framework of environmental
sensitivity.
iv. Financial Support - Planning will
enhance the ability ofthe University
to develop its lands to marketable
uses in order to generate income to
assist in the fulfilment of the academic mission and the financial stability of the University.
B.        THE CHARACTER OF THE
UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY
i. The Integrity of the University Precinct - Planning will respect and
enhance the physical assets of the
campus which will be unified by a
distinct landscape characterized by
defined view corridors.
ii. A Diverse Community - Planning
will promote the development of a
liveable, convenient, connected, and
healthy community.
iii. An Appropriate Use and Density of
Development -   Planning will pro-
VI.
mote land uses and density of development which meets institutional
objectives in conjunction with regional planning goals.
The Distribution of Activities - Planning will promote a pattern of mixed
use characterized by a balance of
institutional and non-institutional
needs and development, including
market uses.
Provision of Adequate Services -
Planning will promote the provision
of public services and infrastructure which respond to the needs of
institutional and non-institutional
development.
A Complete Community - Planning
will ensure the development of a
social fabric characterized by a blend
of public and private places, institutional and community focal points,
and a variety of inter-connecting
movement systems.
Public Safety - Planning will ensure
that consideration is given to optimal public safety.
PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY
An Official Community Plan-
Through agreement with the Greater
Vancouver Regional District to develop an Official Community Plan,
the University will support an open
planning process accountable to the
public. The planning process will
consider and respect the concerns
ofthe adjacent neighbours, the surrounding community, and the faculty, students and staff of the University.
Project Reviews - The University will
ensure that all proposed projects
receive a public presentation which
illustrates how those projects conform to the Community Plan. Supplement to UBC Reports • February 9,1995 3
Quide to WBC's
Policy on
discrimination and harassment
Introduction
UBC is committed to providing its
students, staff, and faculty with the best
possible environment for study and work,
an environment that fosters friendship and
collegiality. Therefore, it seeks to eliminate
behaviours, policies, and practices that
interfere with the pursuit of educational
and employment opportunities.
All UBC students, staff members,
and faculty share responsibility for promoting a learning environment of mutual
trust and respect. At the same time, those
faculty and administrative staff who supervise others bear major responsibility for
ensuring that their instructional and managerial practices comply with human rights
legislation.
UBC's procedures for handling complaints of discrimination and harassment,
including sexual harassment, offer an internal mechanism for complaint resolution
that supplements other University and extra-University mechanisms, such as those
procedures offered by employee associations and unions, the courts, the B.C.
Council of Human Rights, and the B.C.
Ombuds Office. Just as the University
takes complaints of discrimination and harassment seriously, so too, the University
takes seriously any actions or inactions
that obstruct its procedures for handling
complaints.
'Definitions
"Discrimination" and "Harassment"
refer to intentional or unintentional behaviour for which there is no reasonable justification. Such behaviour adversely affects
specific individuals or groups on the basis
of characteristics defined by the 1992 B.C.
Human Rights Act. These characteristics
include age, race, colour, ancestry, place of
origin, political belief, religion, marital status, family status, physical or mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, and unrelated criminal convictions. "Harassment"
also includes "Sexual Harassment." "Sexual
Harassment" is unwanted sexual behaviour, particularly sexual behaviour accompanied by promises of academic or employment opportunities or by threats of loss of
such opportunities.
What follows is a summary of procedures for complainants—those who bring
forward complaints of discrimination or
harassment—and for respondents—those
alleged to have engaged in discriminatory
or harassing behaviours.
Complainants
Informal Resolution. If you believe
that you have experienced discrimination
or harassment and you have not been able
to resolve the situation satisfactorily, you
may consult either your administrative head
or an Equity Advisor. Both administrative
heads and Equity Advisors have the responsibility to listen in confidence to your
concerns. If they believe that these complaint procedures apply and if they have
your permission, administrative heads and
Equity Advisors will attempt informal resolution. Many complaints are resolved informally.
Mediation. If informal resolution
proves unsatisfactory, you may ask the
Equity Office to resolve your complaint
through mediation between yourself and
the respondent.
Formal Investigation and Decision.
After discussing your case with an Equity
Advisor, you may apply for a formal investigation by filing a written request with the
Equity Office. Your Equity Advisor then
informs the respondent and requests a
written response. If this response is not
satisfactory to you, the Equity Advisor informs the respondent's administrative head
and the Associate Vice-president, Equity,
who will appoint an independent investigator.   The investigator interviews you. the
respondent, and any other persons who
may have information about your complaint, and then presents a written report
to an independent, three-person panel. If
the panel concludes you have suffered
discrimination or harassment, the panel
sends a recommendation to the respondent's administrator. Prior to deciding upon
disciplinary and/or remedial measures,
the respondent's administrator meets individually with you, the respondent, and
the Associate Vice-president, Equity.
"Respondents
Informal Resolution. If a UBC student or member of staff or faculty brings
forward a complaint of discrimination or
harassment against you, no informal resolution that adversely affects your academic,
employment, or professional interests may
take place without your consent.
Mediation. Mediation takes place
only when the complainant and the respondent agree to participate in the process. Similarly, no resolution can be implemented without your consent.
Formal Investigation and Decision.
If a complainant files a written request for
a formal investigation, you have ten working days to respond in writing to the complaint. If your written response is not
satisfactory to the complainant, the Equity
Office informs your administrative head of
the complaint against you and appoints an
independent investigator and three-person panel to receive the investigator's report. Should the panel uphold the complaint, an administrative head may discipline you.
Appeals
If either complainants or respondents disagree with the administrator's decision, they may appeal the decision through
grievance procedures established by collective agreements, or by the UBC Senate,
and/or by agencies outside UBC. such as
the provincial Ombuds Office or the B.C.
Council of Human Rights. In addition, all
students, staff members, and faculty can
seek legal redress on their own behalf.
Confidentiality
At all times, complainants, respondents, administrative heads, and Equity Advisors have the responsibility to maintain
confidentiality. Nonetheless, concerns for
an individual's health, safety, and security
may compel the University to disclose information about complaints. As well, other
measures, such as arbitrations, court proceedings, or procedures under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act may require the University to
release information about complaints.
further Information
For further information about UBC's
procedures for handling complaints of discrimination and harassment, including
sexual harassment
• read UBC's Policy on Discrimination
and Harassment (1995)
• consult with your student association, employee association, union, or
one of the following student service
units: Disability Resource Centre,
First Nations House of Learning, International Student Services, Student Health Services, Student Resources Centre, or Women Students'
Office
phone the Equity Office (822-6353)
to make an appointment with an
Equity Advisor
• discuss your concerns with your administrative head. Administrative
heads include the following: Academic Department Head, Director,
Principal, Dean, Associate Vice President, University Librarian, Registrar,
Vice President, and President.
POLICY ON
DISCRIMINATION
AND HARASSMENT
RESPONSIBLE VICE PRESIDENT:
All Vice Presidents
INTRODUCTION
(1) The University of British Columbia
is committed to providing its employees and students with the best
possible environment for working
and learning, an environment that
allows friendship and collegiality to
flourish. The University therefore
does not condone discrimination and
harassment, including sexual harassment, of any kind. Indeed, the
University regards discrimination
and harassment as serious offenses
that are subject to a wide range of
disciplinary measures, including
dismissal or expulsion from the
University.
(2) The fundamental objectives of this
University policy are to prevent discrimination and harassment from
occurring, and to provide procedures
for handling complaints and imposing discipline when they do occur.
These objectives are to be achieved
in a number of ways. The University
is committed to providing programs
that raise campus awareness of the
nature of and problems associated
with discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment,
and to educating administrators in
the objectives and implementation
of the policy. The University also
provides support and counselling
for those affected by discrimination
and harassment and establishes
procedures for handling complaints.
(3) In addition, the University has the
obligation to ensure that its policy
and procedures are fair and are applied fairly. It is therefore necessary
to provide an environment in which
victims of discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment, feel free to bring complaints
forward. It is equally important that
those against whom allegations are
made have a full and fair opportunity to meet those allegations.
(4) In this policy, the word discrimination refers to intentional or unintentional treatment for which there is
no bona fide and reasonable justification. Such discrimination imposes burdens, obligations, or disadvantages on specific individuals
or groups as defined by the British
Columbia Human Rights Act (1984,
amended 1992.) The grounds protected against discrimination by the
British Columbia Human Rights Act
include age, race, colour, ancestry,
place of origin, political belief, religion, marital status, family status,
physical or mental disability, sex,
sexual orientation, and unrelated
criminal convictions. The Act contains a number of exemptions and
defenses. For example, the University's Employment Equity Policy,
which has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantage, is
exempt from a complaint of discrimination under the Act. Similarly, the Supreme Court of Canada
upheld the University's policy on
mandatory retirement, and therefore, it also is exempt under the Act.
(5) In this policy, the word harassment
refers to physical, visual or verbal
behaviour directed against a person
for which there is no bona fide and
reasonable justification.   Such be
haviour adversely affects specific
individuals or groups as defined by
the British Columbia Human Rights
Act. (See paragraph 4 for protected
grounds.)
(6) In this policy, sexual harassment
refers to comment or conduct of a
sexual nature, when any one or more
ofthe following conditions are satisfied:
•the conduct is engaged in or the
comment is made by a person who
knows or ought reasonably to know
that the conduct or comment is unwanted or unwelcome;
•the conduct or comment is accompanied by a reward, or the expressed
or implied promise of a reward, for
compliance;
•the conduct or comment is accompanied by reprisal, or an expressed
or implied threat of reprisal, for refusal to comply;
•the conduct or comment is accompanied by the actual denial of opportunity, or the expressed or implied
threat of the denial of opportunity,
for failure to comply;
•the conduct or comment is intended
to, or has the effect of, creating an
intimidating or hostile environment.
Such comment or conduct may include sexual advances; requests for
sexual favours; suggestive and/or
derogatory comments or gestures
emphasizing sex or sexual orientation; or physical contact.
(7) Discrimination and harassment,
including sexual harassment, can
occur between individuals of the
same or different status, and both
men and women can be the subject
of harassment by members of either
gender. Discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment,
can involve individuals or groups;
can occur during one incident, or
over a series of incidents including
single incidents, which, in isolation,
would not necessarily constitute discrimination or harassment; and can
occur on campus or off, during working hours or not.
(8) The impact of behaviour on the complainant defines the comment or
conduct as discriminaUon and harassment, subject to the test of a
reasonable person.
(9) This policy is to be interpreted in a
way that is consistent with the UBC
Calendar statement on academic
freedom. (See definition section.)
Neither this policy in general, nor its
definitions in particular, are to be
applied in such a way as to detract
from the right of faculty, staff, and
students to engage in the frank discussion of potentially controversial
matters, such as age, race, politics,
religion, sex and sexual orientation.
These are legitimate topics and no
University policy should have the
effect of limiting discussion of them
or of prohibiting instructional techniques, such as the use of irony, the
use of conjecture and refutation, or
the assignment of readings that advocate controversial positions, provided that such discussion and instructional techniques are conducted in a mutually respectful and
non-coercive manner.
(10) Neither this policy in general, nor its
definitions in particular, are to be
applied in such a way as to detract 4 Supplement to UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT
from the right of those in supervisory roles to manage and discipline
employees and students subject to
managerial and instructional practices.
PURPOSE
(11) To provide and maintain a study
and work environment free from discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment.
POLICY
(12) Every student and member of faculty and staff at the University of
British Columbia has the right to
study and work in an environment
free from discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment. The University and all members of the University community
share responsibility for ensuring that
the work and study environment at
UBC is free from discrimination and
harassment. Specifically, Administrative Heads of Unit bear the primary responsibility for maintaining
a study and work environment free
from discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment;
Administrative Heads of Unit are
free to act, and should act, on this
responsibility, whether or not they
are in receipt of individual complaints; and the knowledge and experience of the Equity Office are
available to all members ofthe University community.
ACCESS TO COMPLAINT PROCEDURES
(13) A complaint of discrimination or
harassment pertaining to University work, studies, or participation
in campus life may be lodged by any
member(s) of the University community against other member(s) of
the University community and/or
the University.
(14) A complaint may be lodged even
when there has been apparent acquiescence of the complainant in
the conduct or comment in question.
(15) Contractors, their employees and
agents, and visitors to the University also are expected to conduct
themselves in any University-related
activity in a manner consistent with
this policy. Allegations of discrimination and harassment, including
sexual harassment, against such
persons will be dealt with by the
University as potential breaches of
contract, and/or may result in suspension of University privileges, such
as access to the campus.
(16) Although contractors, their employees and agents, and visitors to the
University who suffer discrimination or harassment do not have access to these complaint procedures,
such individuals are encouraged to
consult with an Equity Advisor or
express their concerns directly to
the Associate Vice President Equity.
COMPLAINT PROCEDURES
(17) Complaints of discrimination and
harassment, including sexual harassment, can be resolved by employing any or all of the following
procedures: (A) informal resolution,
(B) mediation, (C) investigation and
decision.
A.  Informal Resolution
(18) Informal resolution is a resolution to which the complainant
consents, and is arrived at with
the assistance of an Administrative Head of Unit and/or an Equity Advisor, but without the use
of either mediation or adjudica
tion. The possible means of
achieving informal resolution are
numerous. Examples include
advice to the complainant, referral for counselling, investigation
by the Administrative Head of
Unit, letter to the respondent,
relocation of the complainant
and/or the respondent, disciplining the respondent, or any other
appropriate and just measures.
Informal resolution can occur
without knowledge to anyone
other than the complainant and
the Administrative Head of Unit,
or the Equity Advisor who receives the complaint.
(19) In all cases, the Administrative
Head of Unit considers whether
the complaint arises from a systemic problem, and if so, seeks
the assistance of the Equity Office to resolve it.
(20) No informal resolution of a complaint that adversely affects the
academic, employment, professional, or other interests of the
respondent shall proceed without
the consent of the respondent.
(21) The Equity Advisor or the Administrative Head of Unit (or designate) assists the complainant
in clarifying the allegations, and
their related consequences, and
in considering the applicability
of various options, such as an
apology from the respondent or
reassignment of duties.
(22) Written records of informal resolutions are kept in confidential
files of the Equity Office.
B.  Mediation
(23) At any time after a complaint
has been received, the parties
can attempt to resolve the complaint through a process of mediation, provided that both parties consent to such a process.
Mediators are drawn from the
Equity Resource Group and are
selected by the Associate Vice
President Equity. They are
trained in alternate dispute resolution techniques that relate to
the issues covered by this policy.
Appointed mediators and the format of the mediation process
must be acceptable to both the
complainant and the respondent.
(24) A mediated settlement arrived
at between the complainant and
the respondent is written out,
signed by the complainant and
the respondent, and countersigned by the mediators. If a
potential settlement entails action to be taken by the University, the University becomes a
third party to the mediation and
also must agree for there to be a
settlement.
(25) A copy of any agreement reached
during mediation is provided to
each ofthe signatories and to the
Equity Office, and remains confidential.
(26) No person involved in a mediation proceeding shall give evidence or introduce documents
from that proceeding during any
other subsequent University proceeding where that evidence or
those documents would disclose
that any person had agreed or
refused to agree to mediation or,
if mediation occurred, what took
place during the mediation.
C.  Investigation and Decision
Request for Investigation and
Decision
(27) At any time after the complaint
has been made, if the complainant wishes to have the complaint
investigated and decided, the
complainant has the right to file
a written request with the Equity
Office. Requests include detailed
accounts ofthe conduct or comment on the part ofthe respondent that forms the basis of the
complaint.
(28) Within five working days, the
Equity Office delivers a copy of a
request for investigation and decision to the respondent.
(29) The respondent has the right to
respond to the request in writing, provided such right is exercised within ten working days
from receipt of that request. The
respondent may acknowledge or
deny the validity of the complaint in whole or in part, provide
new information, or propose a
resolution of the complaint.
(30) Within five working days from
receipt of the respondent's written reply to a request for investigation and decision, the Equity
Office delivers a copy of that reply to the complainant.
(31) On receipt ofthe respondent's
written reply, the complainant
may accept the reply as full resolution ofthe complaint, or on the
basis ofthe respondent's written
reply, the complainant may
choose to pursue either informal
resolution or mediation, in which
case an Equity Advisor puts into
effect the appropriate procedures.
Investigation
(32) When informal resolution or mediation has failed to resolve a
complaint, the Equity Office informs the respondent's Administrative Head of Unit, and the
Associate Vice President Equity
assigns a member of the Equity
Resource Group to investigate.
(33) The investigator interviews the
complainant, the respondent,
and such other persons as she or
he considers may have information pertaining to the complaint.
The investigator re-interviews or
seeks additional witnesses in
order to confirm evidence or explore discrepancies. The investigator prepares a written recommendation indicating whether or
not in his/her opinion the policy
applies to the complaint and the
facts of the case.
(34) Interviews are private and held
away from the work areas of those
involved.
(35) The investigator submits and
discusses the report with a Panel
comprised of three people (one of
whom is external to UBC) appointed for two-year renewable
terms by the Associate Vice President Equity. This Panel meets
with the complainant and with
the respondent to discuss the
contents of the report. At its
discretion, but especially in cases
of relevant, new information arising that has not been explored
with both the complainant and
the respondent, the Panel may
request supplementary reports
from the investigator. In addition, the Panel may request a
history of any previous discipline.
(36) The Panel decides on the following:
• whether the policy applies in
the circumstances;
• whether on the balance of probabilities, and with the onus of
proof being on the complainant,
there has been a violation ofthe
policy;
• whether discipline or remedies
are appropriate.
(37) If the Panel concludes that other
University policies or procedures
bear on the complaint, the Panel
identifies them and refers the
relevant parties to the University
office with responsibility therefor.
(38) In the event that the Panel recommends that the complaint be
upheld, it may recommend both
a form of discipline for the respondent and a remedy for the
complainant. It also may recommend any other measures it considers appropriate in the circumstances. Such recommendations
are made in writing and supported by reasons.
(39) In the event that the Panel recommends the complaint be dismissed, it may recommend counselling, support, education, and
such other measures as it considers appropriate for the complainant and/or the respondent.
It also may recommend such
measures as it considers appropriate to restore the complainant's or respondent's unit to effective functioning. Such recommendations are made in writing and supported by reasons.
(40) In the event that the Panel recommends not only dismissal of
the complaint but contemplates
finding the complaint to have
been made in bad faith, it shall
meet with the complainant and
provide an opportunity for the
complainant to respond prior to
making its recommendation. It
may recommend both a form of
discipline for the complainant
and a remedy for the respondent. The Panel also may recommend any other measures it considers appropriate in the circumstances. Such recommendations
are made in writing and supported by reasons.
(41) The Panel distributes its recommendations and reasons to the
Associate Vice President Equity,
the complainant, the respondent, and their Administrative
Heads of Unit.
Decision
(42) For students, the Administrative Head of Unit with authority
to receive the Panel's recommendations is the President; for members of staff, it is the Director or
Head of Department; for faculty,
the authority may be either the
President or the Dean/Head,
depending on the nature of the
discipline contemplated. The
Agreement on Conditions of Appointment states that only the
President may discipline a faculty member by dismissal or suspension without pay. The individual receiving the Panel's recommendations meets with the
complainant and with the re- Supplement to UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 5
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT
spondent, confers with the Associate Vice President Equity
and his or her own Vice President, and considers the Panel's
recommendations.
(43) The individual receiving the
Panel's recommendations may
take such disciplinary and remedial measures as he or she considers appropriate. A written
report of measures taken with
supporting reasons is distributed
to the Associate Vice President
Equity, the complainant, the respondent, their Administrative
Heads of Unit, the investigator,
and the Panel.
Appeal
(44) A student who denies that a
violation of the policy took place
or who disagrees with an imposed penalty has recourse
through the Senate Committee
on Appeals on Academic Discipline. A member of staff or faculty has recourse through the
provisions ofthe collective agreement or terms and conditions of
employment. To the extent provided for in collective agreements,
complainants also may have recourse to appeal the decision.
As well, the complainant and
respondent may have recourse
to extra-University processes.
INITIATION OF COMPLAINT
PROCEDURES
(45) While it is possible for anyone to
seek anonymously the advice and
assistance of an Equity Advisor, only
those complaints in which the complainant's identity is disclosed may
be taken through the mediation and
investigation/decision stages.
(46) Only those complaints lodged within
one calendar year of an event, or in
the case of a series of events, the last
event in a series are processed. The
Associate Vice President Equity may
grant extensions beyond this one-
year limit.
(47) The procedures in this policy can be
initiated by persons directly affected
(by the conduct or comment that
forms the basis of the complaint) or
by Administrative Heads of Unit.
A.  Initiation of Procedures by
Persons Directly Affected
(48) Persons directly affected by the
conduct or comment that forms
the basis of the complaint may
lodge the complaint with either
an Administrative Head of Unit
or with an Equity Advisor.
(49) At any time, complainants may
choose to withdraw from these
complaint proceedings. Nevertheless, the University's legal responsibility to provide an environment free from discrimination and harassment, including
sexual harassment, may obligate
the University to proceed in the
absence of a complaint from the
persons directly affected. In such
cases, the Administrative Head
of Unit and the Equity Advisor
decide whether to proceed, taking into account the need for
protection against retaliation on
the part of witnesses and the
need for due process on the part
of respondents.
Response of Administrative
Heads of Unit
(50) In responding to complaints of
discrimination or harassment,
including sexual  harassment.
Administrative Heads of Unit are
encouraged to seek the assistance of the Equity Office.
(51) Administrative Heads of Unit
deal immediately with allegations
of discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment, by investigating, and when
appropriate, ordering the behaviour to stop, and taking preventive, interim, and/or remedial
measures.
(52) The Administrative Head of LInit
provides the complainant with a
copy of this policy and explains
available options. In addition,
with the consent of the complainant, the Administrative
Head of Unit attempts to effect
an informal resolution ofthe complaint.
(53) If the complaint cannot be resolved informally, and the complainant wishes to access mediation or to make a written request
for investigation and decision,
the Administrative Head of Unit
directs the complainant to the
Equity Office.
(54) If the Administrative Head of
Unit believes that these complaint procedures do not apply,
the Administrative Head of Unit
confers with an Equity Advisor
about the matter and explains to
the complainant why this policy
has no application. In addition,
the Administrative Head of Unit
deals with the complaint on the
basis of the appropriate University policy, if necessary by referring the complainant to another
University office or support service, and informs the complainant of the existence of extra-
University support and complaint
services.
(55) If at any time, the complainant
is dissatisfied with the actions
taken by an Administrative Head
of Unit, the complainant can
lodge the same complaint with
an Equity Advisor or extra-University agencies.
Response of Equity Advisors
(56) The Equity Advisor provides the
complainant with a copy of this
policy and explains available
options. In addition, with the
consent of the complainant, the
Equity Advisor attempts to effect
an informal resolution ofthe complaint. As well, the Equity Advisor recommends to the Administrative Head of Unit measures to
protect the safety, academic, and
other interests of the complainant pending resolution of the
complaint.
(57) If the complaint cannot be resolved informally, and the complainant wishes to access mediation or to make a written
request for investigation and
decision, the Equity Advisor
assists the complainant in so
doing.
(58) If the Equity Advisor believes
that these complaint procedures
do not apply, the Equity Advisor
explains to the complainant why
this policy has no application. In
addition, the Equity Advisor refers the complainant to another
University office or support service and informs the complainant
of the existence of extra-University agencies.
B.  Initiation of Procedures by
Administrative Heads of Unit
(59) Administrative Heads of Unit
may lodge complaints with an
Equity Advisor to resolve allegations of discrimination or harassment, including sexual harassment. An Administrative
Head of Unit who lodges a complaint is identified as the complainant, and the persons directly affected by the conduct or
comment that forms the basis of
the complaint may be called upon
as witnesses in any subsequent
investigation or decision.
(60) When an Administrative Head
of Unit becomes a complainant,
she or he surrenders any rights
or responsibilities assigned to
administrators by these procedures. The individual to whom
this complainant reports assumes the latter's rights and responsibilities. Any disputes that
arise over the applicability of any
of the procedures shall be referred to the Associate Vice President Equity, whose decision shall
be final.
(61) If an Administrative Head of
Unit lodges a complaint with an
Equity Advisor, and the Equity
Advisor believes that these complaint procedures apply, the Advisor, in consultation with the
complainant, considers the appropriateness of an informal resolution of the complaint, and
where appropriate follows the
procedures provided for informal resolution or mediation; advises and assists the complainant in taking necessary measures to protect the interests of
those directly affected by the complaint; and if the complaint cannot be resolved informally or by
mediation, and the complainant
wishes to make a written request
for investigation and decision,
assists him or her in so doing.
(62) If the Equity Advisor believes
that these complaint procedures
do not apply, the Advisor explains to the Administrative Head
of Unit why this policy has no
application and refers him or her
to another University office or
extra-university agencies.
(63) Where the identity of the persons responsible for acts of harassment is unknown to the Administrative Head of Unit, the
Associate Vice President Equity
arranges an investigation and
notifies appropriate authorities
both inside and outside the University. In addition, the Administrative Head of Unit, in consultation with the Associate Vice
President Equity, arranges for
measures intended to restore the
unit to effective functioning.
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Right of Parties to Support and
Assistance
(64) The complainant and respondent
are at all times during these procedures entitled to support and assistance.
(65) The complainant is entitled to the
support and assistance of an Equity
Advisor.
(66) The respondent is entitled to the
support and assistance of a member
of the Equity Resource Group.
(67) Members of unions and employee
associations have all rights to representation that their collective agreements confer.
Obstructing the Process
(68) Any person whose willful actions
or inactions obstruct the application of these procedures or who
willfully breaks an undertaking or
agreement shall be subject to discipline.
Retaliation
(69) No one shall suffer reprisal for refusing to violate this policy or for
bringing forward, in good faith, a
complaint or concern about discrimination or harassment, including
sexual harassment. The University
considers retaliation or the threat of
retaliation at any stage to be a serious offense because it prevents potential complainants, witnesses, and
administrators from acting on their
concerns.
(70) All persons involved in these procedures shall report threats and other
safety concerns immediately to the
Equity Office and relevant administrators.
(71) Administrative Heads of Unit deal
immediately with allegations of retaliation by investigating, and when
appropriate, ordering the behaviour
to stop, and taking preventive, interim, disciplinary and/or remedial
measures.
(72) In its deliberations and recommendations, the Panel shall consider
any allegations of retaliation.
Confidentiality
(73) All members of the University community involved in a case are expected to maintain confidentiality,
particularly within the work or study
area in question and in shared professional or social circles. These
members include Equity Advisors,
support staff, Administrative Heads
of Unit, and witnesses, as well as the
respondent and the complainant.
Although at times difficult to avoid,
the breach of confidentiality undermines the provision of due process,
and thus proves a disservice to both
the complainant and the respondent.
(74) Confidentiality is not the same as
anonymity: For a complaint to go
forward to mediation or investigation and decision, the identity ofthe
complainant and the details of the
complaint must be released to the
Equity Advisor, the respondent, and
those involved in the application of
these procedures.
(75) Terms of confidentiality, including
the need to disclose information that
restores a unit to effective functioning, may be agreed on in informal or
mediation agreements between the
complainant(s) and respondent(s),
or recommended by the Panel, or
ruled on by the Administrative Head
of Unit.
(76) The University, through the Associate Vice President Equity, may take
necessary steps to ensure the health,
safety, and security of any member
of the University community.
(77) For educational purposes, the Equity Office may discuss specific cases
and their resolutions without identifiers.
(78) Confidentiality may not apply to
persons subject to extra-University
judicial processes. 6 Supplement to UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
POLICY ON DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT
Use of Documents
(79) Documents are used only for the
purpose for which they were created
and are retained by the Equity Office. Access to Equity Office files is
restricted to current members ofthe
Equity Office staff. In cases involving repeat complaints or security
and safety issues, a University Vice
President may review Equity Office
files.
(80) Documents may be required by law
to be released to extra-University
processes.
Multiple Proceedings
(81) A complaint under this policy may
also be pursued in extra-University
processes.
(82) The fact that a complaint is being
pursued under these procedures
does not preclude the complainant
from pursuing an extra-University
process.
(83) Where there are multiple complaints against an individual, a
unit, or the University, the complainants shall clarify whether the
complaints comprise a systemic
complaint or a series of individual
complaints.
(84) Where two or more complaints have
been lodged against the same respondent, these complaints may be
dealt with by a single Panel.
Limited Role of Resource Group
Members
(85) No member of the Equity Resource
Group shall act in more than one
capacity in any given case.
Conflict of Interest
(86) Members of the University community are governed by the terms ofthe
University Conflict of Interest Policy.
Individuals in an intimate or sexual
relationship with a person in a subordinate position shall disclose the
relationship to the Administrative
Head of Unit and shall cooperate
with those measures the Administrative Head of Unit considers appropriate to avoid conflict of interest
in matters such as supervision and
evaluation.
(87) When power differentials exist
amongst or between faculty, staff,
and students, those holding positions of authority shall not abuse,
nor seem to abuse, the power with
which they are entrusted. Such
relationships include, but are not
limited to, those between a coach,
an academic advisor, an instructor/
professor, a counsellor, a residence
advisor, a tutor, a thesis/practicum
supervisor, a research head, or a
director and his or her subordinate,
junior colleague, or student. Anyone who enters into a sexual relationship with a person where a professional power differential exists
must realize that, if a charge of
sexual harassment is subsequently
lodged, it will be extremely difficult
to defend the conduct on grounds of
mutual consent.
(88) An inappropriate sexual relationship may create a negative work or
study environment for others and
give rise to a complaint under this
policy.
Interim Solutions
(89) The complainant, respondent, or
unit may require immediate measures to preserve safety, morale, or
efficiency while a situation is being
resolved, investigated, or decided.
Such measures, whether carried out
by the Administrative Head of Unit
or by the Equity Advisor, should not
be viewed as judgment of the credibility ofthe complainant or respondent, who may appeal such measures
with the Associate Vice President
Equity. His or her decision is final,
subject to the provisions of collective agreements.
Remedy Options
(90) Once a case has been decided, the
complainant or the respondent may
require measures be taken to correct damage done to her or his career development, academic record,
physical or emotional health, reputation, or finances. Arrangements
are negotiated with the appropriate
University officer. (See paragraph
42.)
Discipline Options
(91) Discipline is appropriate to the
offense and relevant circumstances
of the case, and is applied after an
admission or judgment of wrongdoing. Considerations in determining
discipline include, but are not limited to, work history, previous discipline, past cases, respondent's acknowledgment of wrong, relationship of parties, degree of aggression
and physical contact, number of
events, impact on the complainant,
and intent ofthe respondent.
Options Available Outside the
University
(92) Nothing in this policy shall be construed to remove any rights of appeal or rights to grieve that members
of the University community have
independent of this policy, or to
remove any rights to take action
against the University or members
ofthe University community in other
processes within or without the University.
Concerns and Complaints about
Procedures
(93) General or specific complaints about
the application of these procedures
may be addressed to the Associate
Vice President Equity.
THE EQUITY OFFICE
(94) The Equity Office has responsibility
for
• providing advice and assistance to
Administrative Heads of Unit and
others seeking direction in the handling of cases;
• advising and assisting those who
bring forward complaints during all
stages of the procedures, including
the initiation of a complaint, as well
as the undertaking of informal resolution, and arranging for mediation
or investigation;
• ensuring that the policy and procedures in this document have been
appropriately and effectively implemented;
• providing information and advice
on the complaint process and limitations to confidentiality to any member of the University community;
• providing education on the prevention and remediation of discrimination and harassment, including
sexual harassment;
• publishing annually in UBC Reports
statistical and summary reports on
the number of complaints made,
types of complaints, outcomes, educational activities, and an evalua
tion of this policy and its procedures.
EQUITY RESOURCE GROUP
(95) The Associate Vice President Equity
appoints knowledgeable professionals who do not work at UBC to serve
as members of the Equity Resource
Group for renewable terms of two
years.
(96) The Associate Vice President Equity
ensures that at least four members
of the Equity Resource Group are
available to advise respondents,
mediate cases, and investigate cases.
PRESIDENT'S ADVISORY COMMITTEE
ON DISCRIMINATION
AND HARASSMENT
(97) The Associate Vice President Equity
ensures that the President's Advisory Committee on Discrimination
and Harassment reflects the diversity of members of the University
with regard to gender, culture, ethnicity, disability, and sexual orientation.
(98) The tasks of this Committee are to
(a) advise and assist the Associate Vice
President Equity in creating and
implementing an educational program designed to make all members
of the University aware of
• the nature of discrimination and
harassment, including sexual harassment;
• measures that should be taken to
prevent discrimination and harassment from occurring; and
• ' the procedures to be followed and
possible outcomes involved in the
event of a complaint.
(b) advise and assist the Associate Vice
President Equity in the evaluation of
Equity Office services, procedures,
and educational programs.
DEFINITIONS
Academic freedom at UBC is defined in
the UBC Calendar: The members of the
University enjoy certain rights and privileges essential to the fulfilment of its
primary functions: instruction and the
pursuit of knowledge. Central among
these rights is the freedom, within the
law, to pursue what seem to them fruitful
avenues of inquiry, to teach and learn
unhindered by external or nonacademic
constraints, to engage in full and unrestricted consideration of any opinion.
This freedom extends not only to the
regular members of the University but to
all who are invited to participate in its
forum. Suppression of this freedom,
whether by institutions of the state, the
officers ofthe University or the actions of
private individuals, would prevent the
University carrying out its primary functions. All members of the University
must recognize this fundamental principle and must share responsibility for
supporting, safeguarding and preserving
this central freedom. Behaviour which
obstructs free and full discussion, not
only of ideas which are safe and accepted,
but of those which may be unpopular or
even abhorrent, vitally threatens the integrity of the University's forum. Such
behaviour cannot be tolerated."
Administrative head of unit is Director of
a service unit; Head of an academic department; Director of a centre, institute
or school; Principal of a college; Dean;
Associate Vice President; University Librarian; Registrar; Vice President; or
President.
Complaint for investigation and decision
under these procedures means a written
complaint by an individual or group that
he/she/they have been discriminated
against or harassed including sexually
harassed; or that there has been retaliation for consulting with an Equity Advisor
or for participating in proceedings under
this policy; or that there has been a
breach of an undertaking as to future
conduct.
Contractors include vendors of goods and
services to the University, volunteers,
homestay families, persons in the community guiding practicum and internship placements, and others with similar
connections to the University.
Discrimination refers to intentional or
unintentional treatment for which there
is no bona fide and reasonable justification. Such discrimination imposes burdens, obligations, or disadvantages on
specific individuals or groups as defined
by the British Columbia Human Rights
Act (1984, amended 1992.) The grounds
protected against discrimination by the
British Columbia Human Rights Act include age, race, colour, ancestry, place of
origin, political belief, religion, marital
status, family status, physical or mental
disability, sex, sexual orientation, and
unrelated criminal convictions. The Act
contains a number of exemptions and
defenses. For example, the University's
Employment Equity Policy, which has as
its object the amelioration of conditions
of disadvantage, is exempt from a complaint of discrimination under the Act.
Similarly, the Supreme Court of Canada
upheld the University's policy on mandatory retirement, and therefore, it also is
exempt under the Act.
Harassment refers to physical, visual or
verbal behaviour directed against a person for which there is no bona fide and
reasonable justification. Such behaviour
adversely affects specific individuals or
groups as defined by the British Columbia Human Rights Act. (See definition of
discrimination for protected grounds.)
Member of the University community is a
student, a member of faculty, or a member of staff.
Reasonable person test gives unprejudiced and as neutral as possible consideration to a complaint. Without limiting
the scope of issues relevant to the case,
the investigative panel and the Administrative Head of Unit must take into account the perspectives of both the complainant and respondent.
Sexual Harassment refers to comment or
conduct of a sexual nature, when any one
or more of the following conditions are
satisfied:
• the conduct is engaged in or the
comment is made by a person who
knows or ought reasonably to know
that the conduct or comment is unwanted or unwelcome;
• the conduct or comment is accompanied by a reward, or the expressed
or implied promise of a reward, for
compliance;
• the conduct or comment is accompanied by reprisal, or an expressed
or implied threat of reprisal, for refusal to comply;
• the conduct or comment is accompanied by the actual denial of opportunity, or the expressed or implied
threat of the denial of opportunity,
for failure to comply;
• the conduct or comment is intended
to, or has the effect of, creating an
intimidating or hostile environment.
Such comment or conduct may include
sexual advances; requests for sexual
favours; suggestive and/or derogatory
comments or gestures emphasizing sex
or sexual orientation; or physical contact. Supplement to UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 7
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Policy and Procedure Handbook addition
Policy on Scholarly Integrity
i
RESPONSIBLE VICE PRESIDENT:
Vice President Academic & Provost
Vice President Research
PREAMBLE:
The University recognizes that teaching, research, scholarship and creative
activity are most likely to flourish in a
climate of academic freedom. Since the
conditions for proper teaching, research, scholarship and creative activity are quite different depending upon
the discipline, individual investigators
are expected to assume direct responsibility for the intellectual and ethical
quality of their work.
The university community has always
recognized the necessity for maintaining the highest ethical standards in the
conduct of scholarly activities. The
University of British Columbia has developed this policy to communicate
expectations, increase awareness of
integrity issues, and encourage scholars (be they students or members of
faculty and staff) to assume personal
responsibility.
PURPOSE:
• to promote scholarly integrity
among scholars, in order to maintain and enhance the value of
impartiality that universities offer
society:
• to proscribe activities which
breach generally acceptable standards of scholarly conduct;
• to provide a process for dealing
with allegations of scholarly misconduct quickly.
POLICY:
UBC is responsible for developing
awareness among all students and
members of faculty and staff involved
in teaching and scholarly activities of
the need for the highest standards of
integrity, accountability and responsibility.
UBC holds scholars responsible for
scholarly and scientific rigour and integrity in teaching and research, in
obtaining, recording and analyzing data
and in presenting, reporting and publishing results, through such means as:
• evaluating the work of students in
a fair manner;
• giving appropriate recognition,
including authorship, to those who
have made an intellectual contribution to the contents of the publication, and only those people;
using unpublished work of other
researchers and scholars only with
permission and with due acknowledgement: and using archival
material in accordance with the
rules of the archives:
• obtaining the permission of the
author before using new information, concepts or data originally
obtained through access to confidential manuscripts or applications for funds for research or
training that may have been seen
as a result of processes such as
peer review;
• maintaining confidentiality guarantees to research subjects;
• using research funds in accordance with the terms and conditions under which those funds
were received;
• revealing to the University, journals, sponsors, funding agencies
or those requesting opinions, any
conflict of interest, financial or
other, that might influence their
decisions on whether the individual should be asked to review
manuscripts or applications, test
products or be permitted to undertake work sponsored from outside
sources. (See Policy #97, Conflict of
Interest.)
UBC investigates allegations of scholarly
misconduct in a timely, impartial and
accountable manner and takes appropriate action, including any necessary steps
to preserve evidence, when it finds that
scholarly misconduct has occurred.
PROCEDURE SUMMARY:
In order to maintain integrity in teaching,
research, scholarship and creative activity and to avoid misconduct, members
involved in teaching, research, scholarship and professional /creative activity
shall in particular:
• evaluate the work of students fairly;
• recognize and acknowledge the intellectual contribution of others;
• not use new information obtained
through access to confidential manuscripts or applications seen as a
result of peer review;
• use scholarly and scientific rigour
in obtaining, recording and analyzing
data and in reporting results;
• ensure that authors of published
work include all and only those who
have intellectually contributed;
• maintain integrity in using research
funds.
Acts of scholarly misconduct may be
committed with varying degrees of delib-
erateness. It is recognized that the borderline between carelessness and negligence, on the one hand, and intentional
dishonesty, on the other, may be very
narrow. The result is objectionable in
any case, even if different degrees of
discipline are appropriate.
Careful supervision of new members of
faculty and staff by their supervisors and
department heads is in the best interest
of the institution, the supervisor, the
trainee and the scholarly/scientific community. The complexity of scholarly and
scientific methods, the necessity for caution in interpreting possibly ambiguous
data, the need for advanced analysis, and
the variety of protocols for reporting research data all require an active role for
the supervisor in the guidance of new
investigators.
Principal and co-investigators who have
failed to exercise reasonable care in directing and supervising researchers who
have committed academic misconduct
share in the blame and should be disciplined accordingly.
A factor in many cases of alleged scholarly/scientific misconduct has been the
absence of a complete set of verifiable
data. The retention of accurately recorded and retrievable results is of utmost importance. For instance, in many
scientific departments, a record of the
primary data must be maintained in the
laboratory and cannot be removed.
A gradual diffusion of responsibility for
multi-authored or collaborative studies
could lead to the publication of papers for
which no single author is prepared to
take full responsibility. Two safeguards
in the publication of accurate reports are
the active participation of each co-author
in verifying that part of a manuscript
that falls within his/her specialty area
and the designation of one author who
takes responsibility through reasonable care for the validity of the entire
manuscript.
Formal procedures for the investigation
of allegations of scholarly misconduct are
essential to assure the protection of the
rights of all those involved in the case
until the basis of the allegations can be
examined and a resolution ofthe problem
can be determined.
DETAILED PROCEDURES:
Source of Allegations)
The initial report of suspected misconduct may come from various sources
within or without the University. For
example, the allegation may come from
an individual member of faculty or staff,
a student, a member of the general public, a media report, a group of individuals,
a granting source or from a University
administrator.
Initial Disposition of Allegations
Allegations of scholarly misconduct received by an Administrative Head of Unit
may be handled in one of three ways:
• the Head may look into the matter
and deal directly with it, reporting
the disposition of the case to the
Dean;
• the Head may look into the matter
and make a recommendation for its
disposition to the Dean;
• the Head may make a recommendation to the Dean that it be referred to
the Vice President Academic & Provost for investigation.
Authority of the Dean and
Vice President Academic &. Provost
The Dean and the Vice President Academic & Provost have the authority: to
close down and declare "off limits" facilities used for research; to obtain and
retain relevant documentation (eg lab
notes, computer disks, hard drives) related to an investigation; to request that
members of the university community
appear before an investigative committee
and answer its questions or supply materials to it.
Allegations Referred to the
Vice President Academic & Provost
The Vice President may choose to refer
the matter back to the unit or to dismiss
the allegation. If in the judgement of the
Vice President or designate the allegations have sufficient substance to warrant investigation, he/she informs the
student(s) and/or employee(s) named in
the allegation, in writing. The written
notice summarizes the allegation in sufficient detail to allow the individual(s)
concerned an opportunity to respond.
Responses received are forwarded to the
investigative committee if established.
Appointment of Investigating
Committee
The Vice President Academic & Provost or
designate appoints an Investigative Committee consisting of three experienced
members, one external to UBC, and all at
arms length from both the person(s) alleging misconduct and the person(s) alleged to have misconducted themselves.
The terms of reference ofthe Investigative
Committee are to determine if scholarly
misconduct has occurred, and if so, its
extent and seriousness. The Committee
elects one of its members as Chair.
As this is an internal investigative process, proceedings are conducted in private
and persons alleged to have misconducted
themselves are not entitled to representation by legal counsel when they meet
with the Investigative Committee.
In cases of collaborative research involving other institutions, it may be desirable
to conduct either parallel investigations,
or a joint investigation, with appropriate
changes to the procedures outlined below. Whichever method is chosen, UBC
will cooperate fully with other institutions.
Investigation within Sixty Days
Due to the sensitive nature of allegations of scholarly misconduct, the inquiry by the Investigative Committee
should be completed and a draft report
prepared within sixty days ofthe initial
written notification to the respondent(s).
In complex cases a full report may not
be possible in this time frame, but
some assessment must be prepared
within three months.
• 1
Considerations for the Investigative
Committee
The Committee aims to review all scholarly activity with which the individual
has been involved during the period of
time considered pertinent in relation to
the allegation, including any abstracts,
papers or other methods of scholarly
communication. A special audit of
accounts may also be performed on the
sponsored research accounts of the
involved individual(s).
The Committee has the right to see any
University documents and question any
students or members of faculty and
staff during its investigation.
The Committee ensures that it is cognizant of all real or apparent conflicts of
interest on the part of those involved in
the inquiry, including both those accused and those making the allegations.
It may seek impartial expert opinions,
as necessary and appropriate, to ensure the investigation is thorough and
authoritative.
In the investigation process, the persons alleged to have engaged in misconduct have the right to know all
allegations against them and the right
to respond fully.
Review of Draft Report
The involved individual, any collaborators or supervisor related to the investigation are given reasonable opportunity to review and comment on the
draft report.
Findings and Recommendations of
the Investigative Committee
The Investigative Committee, upon reviewing all the elements in the case, will
report on its finding of whether or not
scholarly misconduct occurred, and, if
so, its extent and seriousness, If the
allegations are proven on a balance of
probabilities, the Investigative Committee shall also make recommendations in its report on the need to:
• withdraw all pending relevant
publications;
• notify editors of publications in
which the involved research was
reported;
• redefine the status ofthe involved
individuals;
• ensure that the units involved are
informed about appropriate
practices for promoting the proper
conduct of research;
• inform any outside funding agency
of the results of the inquiry and
of actions to be taken;
• recommend any disciplinary action to be taken.
If the allegations are not substantiated,
the Committee may make recommendations in its report on the need for
remedies.
Contiuned next page 8 Supplement to UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
Policy on Scholarly Integrity (cont.)
i
The report is considered a private, not
public document.
Materials from the Investigation
The Chair of the Committee will keep
copies of all materials that have been
collected and hand them over to the
Vice President Academic & Provost or
designate within the President's Office, along with the Committee's report.
Report to the Appropriate Administrative Head of Unit within 75
dctys
For students, the Administrative Head
of Unit with authority to receive and
act on the Committee's report is the
President; for members of staff, it is
the Director or Head of Department;
for members of faculty, the authority
may be either the President or the
Dean/Head, depending on the nature
of the discipline contemplated. (The
Agreement on Conditions of Appointment states that only the President
may discipline a faculty member by
dismissal or suspension without
pay.) The individual receiving the
Committee's report consults with
the President, the Vice President
Academic & Provost, the Vice President Research, the Dean, and if appropriate the Head of Department,
about its report. In cases where
scholarly misconduct is judged to
have occurred, the Vice President
Academic & Provost, the Vice President Research, the Dean, the Head
and the President will discuss appropriate action based on the nature and seriousness ofthe misconduct.
Appeal of Discipline
Discipline imposed for scholarly misconduct may be appealed:
• By Faculty members in the Bargain -
ing Unit: through the grievance
procedure outlined in Section 21 of
the Agreement on the Framework
for Collective Bargaining with the
Faculty Association or Section 10 of
the Agreement on Conditions of Appointment.
• By Staff Members in Unions:
through the grievance procedure established in the relevant collective
agreements.
• By Management and Professional
Staff: through the grievance procedure established in the Framework
Agreement (yet to be negotiated).
• By Employees not covered above:
directly to the President in writing.
• By Students: through the Senate
Committee on Student Appeals on
Student Discipline.
Protection of Reputation
When no scholarly misconduct is found,
every effort will be made by the Vice
President Academic & Provost to protect
the reputation of the individual named
from undue harm, as well as the reputation ofthe University. The Provost, Dean
and Head may consult about any remedial steps that need to be taken in the
circumstances.
Good Faith
In all proceedings and subsequent to a
final decision, the University will undertake to assure that those making an
allegation in good faith and without demonstrably malicious intent are protected
from reprisals or harassment. False alle
gations made purposefully will give lead
to discipline for the individual making
the allegation by the University.
Annual Report
In order to disseminate information about
issues this policy is intended to address,
the Vice President Academic and Provost
publishes annually a report summarizing the facts of cases of scholarly misconduct and their disposition.
Cross-References
See also. Policy # 87 - Research, Policy
#88 - Patents and Licensing, Policy # 97
- Conflict of Interest, Statement on Academic Freedom in UBC Calendar.
DEFINITIONS:
Scholarly misconduct, interpreted in light
of practices that are appropriate within
scholarly communities, includes:
• plagiarism;
• fabrication or falsification of research
data;
• conflict of scholarly interest, such
as suppressing the publication of
the work of another scholar;
• the unfair evaluation of a student's
work;
• failure to obtain approvals for research involving animal and human
subjects or to conduct such research
in accordance with the protocols
prescribed;
• other practices that deviate significantly from those which are acceptable as appropriate within scholarly
communities;
• specific definitions or clarifications
adopted by a Faculty of any matter
in the points above and any other
matter specifically defined by a Fac
ulty as misconduct in scholarly
activity, in order to ensure proper
recognition of the standards appropriate to the scholarly communities within that Faculty, taking into account Codes of Professional Conduct where applicable; but
• "misconduct" does not include
any matter involving only an honest difference of opinion, mistake
or an honest error of judgment.
Scholarly Activity includes all activity
that were it to be undertaken by a
faculty member would be appropriate
for inclusion on a curriculum vitae or
in an Annual Report to the Head as
teaching, scholarship, research or
other creative/professional activity.
Falsification means alteration, selective omission or misrepresentation of
research data or citations.
Fabrication means inventing or forging of research data or citations.
Plagiarism means representing the
thoughts, writings or inventions of
another as one's own.
Principal Investigator means the person who has ultimate responsibility
for a research project. In the case of a
project funded by an external or internal grant, normally the holder of the
grant. In the case of a project that is
not funded, the initiator ofthe project.
The principal investigator is usually
the supervisor of the research team
(which may include other faculty members) and is usually a faculty member.
This is the newly-revised section of Policy #97, Conflict of Interest that deals
with Procedures for Extra-University Activities, effective from 26/01/95
Extra-University Activities
Full-time appointments involve a year-
round (except for the vacation period)
commitment to teaching, research,
service, support activities, and participation in the life of the University.
Outside Professional Activities
(Introduction)
Outside professional activities are extra-University activities which involve
the same kind of specialized skills and
knowledge that the faculty or staff
member practices in the employ ofthe
University.
Activities such as consulting, private
contracts, professional practice,
directorships on boards when not at
UBC's request, being an officer of a
company whose business relates to
teaching/research interests of faculty,
teaching at other institutions, are examples of outside professional activities.
Professional activities not considered
"outside" include: being an external
reviewer for a department at another
university; editing a journal in one's
field of study; teaching in UBC's continuing studies programs; participating as a committee member or member ofthe executive of one's regional,
national or international organization;
being an external reviewer for a promotion or tenure case; acting as a peer
reviewer for a granting agency or publisher; being a director on a board at
UBC's request.
Activities not related to work done at
the University such as volunteer work,
community work and the running of
businesses are considered extra-uni
versity activities that are not "professional" for the purpose of this policy.
The University recognizes that the competence and effectiveness of faculty and
staff may be enhanced by their participation in certain kinds of outside professional activities. For example, they can
contribute to the professional development ofthe individual through the acquisition of new skills, external contexts and
techniques or provide additional opportunity for application of knowledge to
practical situations, and thus increase
the individual's effectiveness in teaching,
research, service and support endeavours. They can also open up academically-relevant opportunities for graduate
students.
Furthermore, such participation frequently advances the purpose ofthe University in serving the needs of the larger
community which it is a part through
fostering the transfer and application of
knowledge.
Yet, extra-University activities may produce consequences that are not to be
measured merely in terms of hours expended. The expenditure of emotional
energies, the obligations contingent on
accepting external fees and salaries, and
the distraction of non-University occupations may all interfere in the proper discharge of the primary University duties.
The essential principle ofthe University's
policy on outside commitments to tasks
outside the responsibilities of faculty or
staff members to the University - that is
their responsibilities to students, the discipline, colleagues, service and support -
must be such that their University responsibilities are completely satisfied.
Outside Professional Activities,
Members of Faculty
All faculty members shall disclose in writing the extent, nature, and timing of all
outside professional activities, whether
or not there were any, to the administrative head of their unit annually so that
the individual's obligations and the extent of those obligations to outside organizations are known by the University.
The form used for this purpose is the
"Annual Report to the Department Head
and Dean Regarding Extra-University
Activities for the Period July 1, xxxx to
June 30, xxxx", available from the Faculty Relations in the President's Office.
Prior written approval of the University
(granted by the administrative head of
the unit) is required in the following cases:
• when University services and facilities
will be used for outside professional
activities, except when such uses are
already provided for in existing regulations of the University, Faculty or Department (such as approved secretarial assistance for a faculty member
editing a journal); this approval may
be given provided appropriate arrangements for such uses and for their
payment (including reimbursement at
fair rates for labour, materials, equipment and space) are made;
• when rescheduling or delegating any
regular duties (e.g. classes, office hours
or university service activities) will result;
• when the total outside professional
activity for a faculty member in any
one year becomes substantial, that is,
more than an accumulated 52 days
per year, inclusive of evenings, weekends and vacation periods;
• when a faculty member will be off
campus for a period of 30 consecutive days (excluding holidays);
• when outside professional activities
are increased during a period of
study leave.
Outside Professional Activities,
Members of Staff
Prior written approval of the University (granted by the administrative
head ofthe unit) is required whenever
a member of staff wishes to engage in
outside professional activities during
normal hours of work.
All members of staff shall disclose in
writing the extent, nature, and timing
of all outside professional activities to
the administrative head of their unit
annually so that the individual's obligations to outside organizations and
the extent of those obligations to outside organizations are known by the
University. Administrative heads of
unit may require members of staff to
complete the form "Annual Report to
the Department Head and Dean Regarding Extra-University Activities for
the Period July 1 xxxx to June 30
xxxx", available from Faculty Relations in the President's Office.
Activities Not Related to the
Member's Profession
Activities of a non-professional nature
(such as running a business, or performing voluntary or community
work), which do not enhance the competence and effectiveness of faculty
and staff members in their work at the
University, will neither interfere in any
way with their commitment to full-time
employment at the University nor use
any resources of the University.
1 Calendar
UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 7
February 12 through February 25
chanics In Pigeons /Magpies. Dr.
Dona Boggs. U. of Montana,
Missoula. BioSciences 2449 at
4:30pm. Call Dr. Milsom at 822-
2310.
Tuesday, Feb. 21
Representative Democracy
Lecture Series
Political Science Dept./Ned
DeBeck Foundation Speakers'
Series: The Crisis of Representative Democracy in Canada. The
Recruitment Of Women To Representative Institutions. Dr.
Lynda Erickson, SFU. Buchanan
A104 at 12:30pm. Also Wednesday, Feb. 22. 12- 1:30pm, Hotel
Georgia. Sponsored by Continuing Studies.Call 822-2345 or
822-1450.
Animal Science Seminar
Conservation Management Of
Rare And Endangered Deer In
SE Asia. MacMillan 256 at
12:30pm. Call 833-4593.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
An Insight Into Problem-Based
Learning. Lynda Eccott. lecturer,
Pharmaceutics/Biopharmaceu-
tics. IRC#1 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-4645.
Centre for Chinese
Research Seminar
Cultural Patterns In The Development Of China's Universities:
Some Reflections On the First
Century, 1895-1995. Dr. Ruth
Hayhoe, Higher Education
Group, The Ontario Institute for
Studies in Education. Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-2pm. Call
822-2629.
Botany Seminar
The Parsley 4CL1 Promoter: How
Does A Small DNA Fragment Direct Complex Expression Patterns? Dave Neustaedter, grad
student. BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures in Modern
Chemistry
An Introduction To Organic
Nonlinear Optical Materials. (3M
lecture in Materials Science). Dr.
Seth Marder, Jet Propulsion Lab,
CalTech. Chemistry 250, south
wing at lpm. Refreshments at
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Oceanography Seminar
Iron Chemistry In The Ocean:
Special Reference to Bioavailability For Phytoplankton. Dr.
Isao Kudo, Chemistry, Fisheries, Hokkaido U., Japan.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-4511.
Applied Ethics Colloquium
The Ethics Of Collectivism: The
Politics Of The North. Avigail
Eisenberg, Political Science. Angus 415 from 4-6pm. Call 822-
5139.
Medical Genetics Seminar
What's New In Prenatal Diagnosis. Dr. Doug Wilson. Medical
Genetics. Wesbrook 201 at
4:30pm. Refreshments at
4:15pm.  Call 822-5312.
Wednesday, Feb. 22
Geography Colloquium
That Dangerous Fantasy Called
Authenticity: Aboriginality And
The Tourist Gaze. Dr. Jane
Jacobs, U. of Melbourne. Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4929.
Representative Democracy
Lecture Series
Political Science Dept./Ned
DeBeck Foundation Speakers' Series: The Crisis of Representative
Democracy in Canada. Politics At
The Boundaries: Restructuring In
The Canadian Women's Movement. Dr. Janine Brodie. York U.
Buchanan A204 at 12:30pm. Also
Thursday, Feb. 23, 12-1:30pm,
Hotel Georgia. Sponsored by Continuing Studies. Call 822-2345 or
822-1450.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Series
Six Wednesdays includes March
29. International Scene: Ethnicity. Jim Frideres, U. of Calgary;
David Schweitzer; Keith Preston;
Patricia Kachuk; Leonard Angel
and Jean LaPonce all of UBC. York
Room, Hotel Georgia from 12-
1:30pm. $65; seniors, $45. Lunch
not included. Call 822-1450.
Forest Sciences Seminar
Series
Clearcutting Engelmann Spruce/
Sub-Alpine Fir Forests:Is It Sustainable? MacMillan 160 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9377.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Recent Development Of Rice Imports In Japan. Dr. Jota Ishikawa,
Hitotsubashi U./Economics. UBC.
Asian Centre music studio from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Microbiology/Immunology
Seminar
Apoptosis As A Mechanism For
LPS-Mediated Cytotoxicity Of Bovine Endothelial Cells. Elizabeth
Frey, Microbiology/Immunology.
Wesbrook 201 from 12-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
BC Transplant Rounds
Anti-Hypertensive Medications
And Their Use In Patients Renal
Disease. Dr. Sherida Fox/Dr. Nilu
Partori, Vancouver Hospital. Vancouver Hosp/HSC Taylor-Fidler
theatre from 12-lpm. Lunch provided.  Call 877-2100.
Financial Planning Lecture
RRSP, RRP, LIF, RRIF or Annuity?
Sponsored by the Faculty Assoc,
in conjunction with Continuing
Studies. Jim Rogers, financial
planning consultant. Angus 110
from 12:30-1:20pm. Call822-1433.
Noon Hour Concert
Marilyn Engle, pianist. Music recital hall at 12:30pm. Admission
$2.50.  Call 822-5574.
Poetry Reading
Deanna Ferguson reads from her
work in progress. Lasserre 105 at
12:30pm. Sponsored by the
Canada Council.  Call 822-2759.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Trade Dispute Between Japan And
US. Dr. Jota Ishikawa,
Hitotsubashi U, Economics. Asian
Centre music room from 12:30-
2pm.  Call 822-2629.
Faculty Development
Seminar
Ethical Issues In Graduate Student Supervision. Michael
McDonald, Centre for Applied Ethics. David Lam lower level seminar
room from 3-5pm. Use outside
entrance behind Trekkers. To register call 922-9149.
Institute of Applied
Mathematics Faculty
Presentations
Qualitative Analysis In Mathematical   Programming.   Dr.   Frieda
Granot, Commerce. Math 203 at
3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Women's Studies Lecture
Is Idolatry A Racist Judgement:
New Approach To Religion. Elaine
Dupuis, professor, Women's Studies. Centre for Research in Gender
Relations/Women's Studies from
3:30-5pm. All welcome. Call 822-
9171.
Centre for Southeast Asian
Research Seminar
The Changing Face Of Urban Vietnam: Slides From Hanoi And Ho
Chi Minh City. Dr. Michael Leaf,
Centre for Human Settlements.
Asian Centre 604 from 3:30-5pm.
Call 822-2629.
Respiratory Seminar Series
The Role Of NO In Control OfThe
Airway Circulation. Dr. Lisa Baile,
research associate, Medicine. Vancouver Hosp/HSC Laurel Pavilion, Taylor-Fiddler conference
room from 5-6pm. Call 822-7128.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Series
Continues Wednesdays to Mar. 29.
Islam, PA3433: Its Origins, Principles And Influence on Lives Of Its
Adherents. Emile Nucho, MA. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60 from 7:30-
9:30pm. $85. Call 822-1450.
Women Students' Office
Series
Women students of colour discussion and support group presents
the film Chilly Climate. Brock Hall
207 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2415.
Thursday, Feb. 23
Continuing Studies Series
Continues through Feb. 25. Earthquake/Seismic Series. Parkhill
Hotel, Dynasty Ballroom from 1-
5pm Thur; 8:30am-5pm Fri/Sat.
$240 includes lunch on Feb. 24/
25. Call 822-3347/3449.
CICSR/CS Invited Speaker
Seminar Series
Fifth of eight. Cooperative Agents:
Machines And Human. Prof.
Ruzena Bajcsy, GRASP Laboratory, U. of Pennsylvania. CICSR/
CS 208 from 11:30-1 pm. Call 822-
0557.
E.S. Woodward Lecture
Series
The Changing Face Of Canadian
Federalism. The Fiscal Dimension. Robin Boadway, Sir Edward
Peacock, professor of Economic
Theory, Queen's. Buchanan A-104
from 12:30-1:30pm. Sponsored by
Economics. Call 822-4121/4129.
UBC International Forum
Lecture
Globalization And Fragmentation:
The Role Of Development Institutions. Prof. Gerald Helleiner, Economics, U. ofT. IRC # 1 from 12:30-
2PM. Call 822-9546.
Asian Research Seminar
Asia Pacific Region: Myth About A
Nonexistent Region. Dr. AlexAlraf
(Rafik Aliev), honorary research
associate. Asian Centre 604 from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Ethnic Studies Program
Speakers Series
Ethnic Assimilates Indigenous: A
Study In Intellectula Neo- Colonialism. Winona Stevenson. First
Nations House of Learning Sky-
Wet-Tan at lpm.   Call 822-5129.
Faculty Development
Seminar
Are There Any Questions? Asking
Stimulating Questions In The
Classroom. Clarissa Green, Nursing. David Lam lower level seminar room from 3-5pm. Use outside
entrance behind Trekkers. To register call 822-9149.
Physics Colloquium
Social Dilemmas. Bernardo A.
Huberman, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. Hennings 201 at
4pm. Call 822-3853.
Canadian Studies Workshop
Is A Literary History Of Canada
Still Possible? William H. New,
English. Green College small dining room at 8pm. To join your
colleagues for dinner before the
lecture in the college dining hall,
please reserve in advance (3-days).
Call 822-5193.
Law Conference
Human Rights, Economic Development And The Law. Panel of 4
speakers including Stan Ridley,
president of BC Hydro International. Hotel Vancouver
Waddington room from 5:30-9pm.
Adults $20, students $7. Sponsored by Asia Pacific Law Club/
Law Faculty. Registration required. Call 264-9627.
Friday, Feb. 24
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Infant Nutrition And Iron Deficiency In Vancouver. Dr. Sheila
Innis, Pediatrics. GF Strong auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2307.
Intercultural Language
Studies Lecture
Learning/Teaching Strategies In
Second Language Instruction:
What Makes Us Better Students
Or Instructors? Dr. Manfred
Prokop, German Studies, U. of Alta.
Lecture in English. Buchanan B-
212 at 12:30pm. Call 822-6403.
Art History Lecture
Pictorial Entrapment: The Prospect Of Double Meanings In Northern Renaissance Art. Prof. Peter
Parshall, Art History, Reed College, Portland. Sponsored by The
President's Advisory Committee on
Lectures/Green College Lectures
in Medieval/Renaissance Studies.
Lasserre 102 at 12:20pm. Call 822-
4095.
Occupational Hygiene
Programme Seminar
Communication Strategies For
Workers With English As A Second Language. Tanis Sawkins, instructor, Vancouver Community
College. CEME 1202 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Antihypertensives And Their
Clinical Uses. Sung Kim, grad
student. Pharmacology /Toxicology. IRC #1 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-4645.
Law Seminar Series
Outing. Prof. Bruce MacDougall,
Law. Curtis 149 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3151.
Korean Research Seminar
US/Korea Relations In The
1950s: The Eisenhower Era. Dr.
Steven Lee. History. Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-2pm. Call
822-2629.
Faculty Development
Seminar
Improving Student Learning In
The Classroom. Joe Parsons,
U.Vic. David Lam lower level seminar room from 2-4pm. Use outside entrance behind Trekkers.
Call 822-9149.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Partial Oxidation Of Alkanes On
Pt And Rh At Millisecond Contact
Times. Prof. Lanny Schmidt,
Chemical Engineering, U. of
Minn. ChemEngineering 206 at
3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:15
rm. 204. Call 822-3601.
Mathematics Colloquium
Infinite Bernoulli Convolutions.
Dr. Boris Solomyak, Mathematics. U. ofWA. Seattle. Refreshments at 3:15pm Math annex
1115. Call 822-2666.
Theoretical Chemistry
Seminars
Lattice Cellular Automata:
Theory/Application To Diffusion
Phenomena InThe Brain. L. Dai,
Mathematics. Chemistry 402,
central wing at 4pm. Call 822-
3997.
Music Concert
Collegium Musicum. John Saw-
yer/Morna Edmundson, directors. Music recital hall at 8pm.
Call 822-5574.
Saturday, Feb. 25
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Reforming Social Policy: Can The
Federal Government Deliver? Dr.
I Robin Boadway, Sir Edward Peacock Prof, of Economic Theory,
Queen's. IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call
822-3131.
Notices
Counselling Psychology
Study
Midlife Daughters/Daughters-In-
Law. Daughters, who are caring
for a parent in a care facility, are
needed for a study on stress and
coping. Involves one evening small
groupdiscussionwith women similar to yourself. Call Allison at 822-
9199.
Faculty and Staff Volleyball
Mondays/Wednesdays Gym B,
Osborne Centre at 12:30pm. Drop-
in or attend regularly for recreation.   Call 822-4479.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items. Every
Wednesday. 12-5pm. Task Force
Bldg.. 2352 Health Sciences Mall.
Call Vince at 822-2582/Rich at
822-2813.
UBC Zen Society
Zazen (sitting meditation) will be
held this term every Monday 1:30-
2:30pm in the Tea Gallery of the
Asian Centre. Beginners welcome, cushions provided. Meet
at 1:30pm outside the Asian Centre Auditorium. Call 228-8955.
Women Students' Office
We are taking registration for
February groups including Assertiveness Training, Assertiveness Training Practice Lab and
Women of Colour. Personal counselling and advocacy are available to women students. Call 822-
2415 or drop by Brock Hall 203.
Nitobe Garden
Winter hours are Mon-Fri from
10am-2:30pm. Admission is free.
Call 822-6038. 8 UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
Leza Macdonald photo
UBC recently presented the federal government with a cheque for $188,000
as a result of a licence agreement on new technology. On hand for the
presentation were (l-r), Robert Miller, vice-president, Research; Jon Gerrard,
secretary of state for Science, Research and Development; Nobel laureate
Michael Smith, director of the Biotechnology Laboratory; and Bill Palm,
director of the University-Industry Liaison Office.
Government gains
from new technology
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
As a federal government minister, Jon
Gerrard is usually dispensing the largesse, but recently he was on the receiving end of a cheque from UBC.
Bill Palm, director of the University-
Industry Liaison Office (UILO) gave
Gerrard, secretary of state for Science,
Research and Development, a cheque for
$188,000 at an informal ceremony held
at the Pacific Northwest Biotechnology
Exposition in downtown Vancouver.
The payment from UBC results from a
licence agreement reached between the
university and the 3M company for a
computer-image enhancing technology,
which was developed by Lome Whitehead,
holder of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)/3M
Structured Surface Physics Chair in the
Dept. of Physics.
A second cheque, for approximately
$200,000, will be delivered to the federal
government on April 1.
The payments are being made under
the terms of an agreement reached in 1990
with Canadian Patents and Development
Ltd. (CPDL), the federal government's now-
defunct technology transfer organization.
During its existence, CPDL also carried
out commercialization activities for Canadian universities, including UBC.
"We are extremely pleased to present
this cheque to the federal government,"
Palm said. 'This successful commercialization of a UBC technology demonstrates
the benefits of universities, industry and
government working together to move
Canadian research discoveries and ideas
into the marketplace."
When CPDL was disbanded five years
ago, all technologies reverted to the universities under an agreement that half of
the future returns on projects originally
managed and patented by CPDL would
be paid to the government.
The Pacific Northwest Biotechnology
Exposition, a trade show held to showcase
the region's burgeoning biotechnology industry, was hosted by the B.C. Biotechnology Alliance, an association of producers and users of biotechnology.
It was attended by about 500 delegates representing research firms, manufacturers, government agencies and universities.
One ofthe featured speakers was UBC's
Nobel laureate Michael Smith. Other UBC
participants included Helen Becker, managing director of the Canadian Bacterial
Diseases Network, and Michael Hayden,
director ofthe Centre for Molecular Medi
cine and Therapeutics as well as the
Canadian Genetic Diseases Network.
Meanwhile, the federal government has
launched the Technology Partnerships
Program (TPP), which will promote collaboration between Canadian universities and small- and medium-sized businesses.
The program is designed to encourage
Canadian businesses and universities to
join forces to develop and market promising technologies, creating new products, services and jobs.
It will take advantage of the fact that
26 per cent of all Canadian research and
development spending occurs in university facilities.
Ottawa will provide a total of $18 million for the TPP over the next three years.
This is expected to lever a matching $18
million from participating businesses,
while universities will contribute technical personnel services and facilities.
The program is being funded by Industry Canada along with the three university research granting councils:NSERC.
the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and the Medical Research
Council.
Technology
transfer staff
appointed
UBC's University-Industry Liaison
Office (UILO) has appointed two new
technology transfer managers; Helen Lee
and Peter Wells.
Lee brings experience in patent and
trademark practices in the biomedical
industry. She most recently served as a
legal consultant on intellectual property
protection for biomedical inventions and
as a biomedical industry analyst.
Wells joins UBC after having
established and managed the technology
transfer office at the University of
Saskatchewan since 1988, where he was
responsible for evaluating, patenting and
licensing technologies, negotiating
research contracts and assisting in the
creation of spin-off companies.
The UILO acts as the link between
industry and UBC's many research
resources, helping technology transfers
from university research labs and
affiliated research organizations to
industry by identifying protecting,
developing an commercializing
technologies and ideas.
Forum
A Cross Road
in the Forest
The Path to a Sustainable Forest Sector in BC
by Clark Binkley
Clark Binkley is dean of UBC's
Faculty of Forestry. The following is
an excerpt from remarks he prepared
for the conference. "Trouble in the
Rainforest: Community and Crisis in
British Columbia's Hinterland." The
conference takes place at UBC Feb.
16-17 in room 100 of the Geography
Building. Call 822-5804 for more
conference information.
Large expanses of virgin forest
remain in only a few places — in B.C.
and elsewhere in Canada, in eastern
Russia, in the Amazon and in parts of
Africa. Those in B.C. lie on the cusp
of an irreversible slide into the
established historical pattern of
resource depletion and attendant
social disruption. But, unlike most
other developed parts of the world, in
B.C. there still is an opportunity to
make the changes needed to sustain
a vast wild estate while continuing a
prosperous society based on forest
resources.
In 1992 the B.C. government
announced a review of long-term
timber supply on all Timber Supply
Areas (TSAs) and Tree Farm Licences
(TFLs) — virtually the entire land
base which supports industrial
activities related to the province's
forest sector. Reports collectively
suggest that current policy regimes
will result in long-term reduction of
close to 24 per cent in provincial total
harvest levels, with a significantly
greater impact on the Coast than in
the Interior. A 1994 study examined
a variety of economic impact analyses
related to harvest reductions. It
concluded that a 25 per cent reduction in harvest levels will mean a loss
of up to 92,000 jobs and $4.9 billion
in gross domestic product (GDP) in
the province with more-than-propor-
tional impacts on governmental
revenues (i.e. the net loss of taxes on
GDP grossed up by increases in
social service costs for unemployed
workers). Although even Vancouver's
economy relies heavily on the forest
sector, the impacts would be felt most
strongly in the 39 of 55 rural communities in B.C. where the forest sector
is the dominant basic industry. The
study further indicates that a 25 per
cent reduction in harvests will
increase the provincial budget deficit
by about $2 billion.
Historically. B.C.'s forests have
been managed extensively under the
implicit assumption that virtually the
whole forested land base would, one
day, be available for timber production. While licensees are now required
to regenerate all areas logged to a
"free to grow" stage and massive
reforestation efforts under the various
federal/provincial agreements have
virtually eliminated the backlog of
"not satisfactorily re-stocked" (NSR)
lands, B.C.'s use of silvicultural
technology lags that in virtually every
country with which B.C. competes.
Rapid adoption of improved technology is key both to international
competitiveness of B.C.'s forest
sector, and to responsible stewardship of the environment. Forest-
sector research and development
(R&D) expenditures in B.C. are small.
A significant gap with our competi
tors exists both for forest-related
R&D and for forest-products R&D.
Yet rapid development and adoption
of leading-edge technology is a
fundamental element of the path to a
sustainable future.
For example, improved
silvicultural technology — from better
inventory and yield information to
sophisticated techniques of molecular
genetics — can sustain current
harvest levels on a smaller land base,
freeing land for allocation to other
uses. The power of this technology
has not been extensively used in this
province, but has in other parts of
the world. For example, because of
an aggressive, high-technology
plantation program, forest companies
in New Zealand no longer log in that
country's native forests, but instead
rely entirely on plantation forests.
Their agreement to refrain from
logging in natural forests had virtually no economic impact on the
country.  In contrast, such an
agreement in B.C. would close over
90 per cent of the forest industry,
largely because the province has
made no similar investments in R&D
and forest management.
In husbanding its forests, B.C.
faces an ancient challenge. Some of
the needed changes are now
underway. Land-use planning
through the Commission on Resources and the Environment (CORE)
process will provide greater long-term
political certainty in the forest sector.
Increased certainty is prerequisite to
the high level of capital investment —
in forests and in new, sophisticated
processing equipment that
sustainability, in its broadest sense,
requires. The Forest Practice Code
will provide a framework for guiding
management in the different land-use
zones.
But these policy changes must
be carefully implemented and
strongly re-enforced if they are to
be successful. Once land-use zones
have been established, various
interests will no doubt seek to
poach across the boundaries.
Government must distinguish
legitimate needs to revise land-use
zones from simple rent-seeking.
Economic instruments such as
those increasingly used for pollution abatement may be helpful in
drawing these distinctions.
Change is always uncomfortable,
and when the stakes are as high as
they are in the B.C. forest sector,
discomfort invites paralysis. Progress
towards a sustainable future will
require new ways of thinking about
old problems. The forest industry
must embrace the righteousness of
forest conservation and preservation,
and environmentalists must accept
the desirability of a robust, efficient
forest products industry.  Governments must respect the stewardship
capacity of the private sector, and the
private sector must respect the
necessity of governmental regulation
of the public goods produced by
forests.
(A full copy of this text is available
from Rm. 207 ofthe MacMillan
Building. 2357 Main Mall or by calling
822-2467.) UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995 9
Campus security warns
of rise in computer theft
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
In an effort to combat the rising incidence of theft on campus, UBC's Parking
and Security Services (PASS) is offering
advice on alarm devices to any campus
unit with security concerns, m^^t^^^^^
PASS will provide information on the cost
and design of UBC security-approved alarm
devices, and will provide installation and
monitoring of the systems.
John Smithman, director of PASS, hopes
that  by  offering  the
new service, consist-      	
ency and standardization of alarm systems
will become campus-wide.
Computer thefts at UBC are increasing, said Brian Smallridge, UBC's risk
and insurance manager, who added that
a number of the individual claims have
been high in dollar amount.
"The most recent
equipment models of
high value are being
targetted while older
equipment is often
left undisturbed."
- Brian Smallridge
Nineteen claims were received in 1993 /
94 compared to 15 the previous year.
Smallridge expects in excess of 20 claims
this year.
"After normal working hours forced
entry is often used to gain access to
offices and laboratories where many of
the   losses   occur."
■■■■BBBBaBiaB      Smallridge said.
"The most recent
equipment models of
high value are being
targetted while older
equipment is often left
undisturbed," he
added.
Due to the high incidence of computer
claims, the deductible
paid by UBC depart-
       ments  increased on
Feb. 1.
Smallridge said the
increase will not apply if the department
in which the theft occurs has a PASS-
approved alarm system installed or on
order at the time of loss.
For information about security systems, call PASS at 822-6623.
Gavin Wilson photo
Howard Nichol, a Civil Engineering Oept. lab technician, inspects equipment
beneath the earthquake table, a sophisticated apparatus that simulates the
movement of real earthquakes for testing structural technologies and
techniques.
Quake simulator upgraded
UBC's earthquake table, which helps
researchers simulate the effects of real
quakes, has received a $500,000 upgrade.
Located in the Earthquake Engineering
Laboratory, the table is used by Civil
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Engineering faculty and graduate
students to see how different construction
materials and techniques withstand the
forces unleashed by earth tremors.
The recently completed upgrade is a
unique application of systems designed
for the aerospace industry to test vibration
resistance.
The addition of fully digitized controls
and four new actuators, hydraulic pistons
that move the two-tonne stiffened
aluminum table, will enable it to more
accurately reproduce the movements of a
real earthquake.
Previous to the upgrade, the table has
only been capable of reproducing motions
in one direction. Now, three movements
are added to the mix: roll, pitch, and up
and down.
The upgrade of the 25-year-old
equipment is being funded by the National
Research Council, B.C. Hydro and the
Science Council of B.C.
Kobe
Continued from Page 1
"We're in an unusual situation here,
with 200 metres of sediment, which will
amplify any motion, and sand on top.
which will liquefy." he said. "If you think
Japan was bad, the Fraser delta could be
even worse."
Before he left for Japan, Finn said he
would also look at foundation soils to see
how they were affected by amplification
and liquefaction.
"I'm very interested in what happened
to that freeway," Finn said ofthe elevated
expressway that fell onto its side, one of
the most dramatic images beamed around
the world in the aftermath of the quake.
Despite Japan's much vaunted earthquake preparedness, that type of design
— a heavy structure sitting on piers —
acts like an upside-down pendulum and is
"not very good for a seismic area," Finn said.
Ventura was looking for information
from seismic instruments that are sometimes built into structures in earthquake
zones. He compared them to the black
boxes that aid air crash investigators.
Such instruments record how a structure shook during different phases ofthe
quake and offers clues as to why it failed
or was damaged or why it performed well.
'They really tell you the story," he said.
The visiting team members are just
some of the members of the Civil Engineering Dept. who conduct earthquake-
related research. More than half of the
department does at least some work in
this field.
Anderson and colleague Robert
Sexsmith recently conducted tests for the
seismic retrofitting of the Oak St. Bridge
for the Ministry of Highways. They looked
at four types of retrofit, each using different material and techniques, to see which
would best bring the bridge up to standards.
* - 10 UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
+ *
AMS veteran Boyle
wins top position in
student elections
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
Third-year science student
Janice Boyle has moved to top
spot on student council after
serving two terms as Alma Mater
Society (AMS) vice-president.
Boyle was elected last month
to serve a one-year term as AMS
president beginning Feb. 22.
Thalia Kunimoto, a second-
year arts student, succeeds Boyle
in the vice-president's job.
Also elected to AMS executive
positions are: Tara Ivanochko,
first-year science, as director of
finance; Am Johal, fourth-year
education, as director of administration; and David Borins,
fourth- year arts, as co-ordinator
of external affairs.
Michael Hughes, a PhD candidate in laser and plasma physics, has been elected to serve a
third, one-year term as student
representative to the Board of
Governors.
Joining Hughes is Heather
Hermant, a third-year science
undergraduate, also elected for
a one-year term.
In Senate elections, five student candidates for senator-at-
large have been confirmed, as
well as nine student representatives from individual faculties.
There were no Senate nominations for the faculties of Commerce and Business Administration, Education and Forestry.
AMS Executive
Janice Boyle
- president
Thalia Kunimoto
- vice-president
Tara Ivanochko
- director of finance
Am Johal
- director of administration
David Borins
- co-ordinator of external affairs
Classified
AGING AND HUMAN MEMORY
Public Lecture
Dr. Fergus I. M. Craik
Professor of Psychology
University of Toronto
Thursday, March 16, 1995
12:30-13:30 IRC #1
Sponsored by President's Advisory Committee on Lectures, School of
Audiology and Speech Sciences, Department of Psychology
Trc1Surplus
JD^' Equipment
vvr/W Recycling
N^^    Facility
We Sell
All UBC Surplus
Every Wednesday
12-5
2352 Health Sciences Mall 822-2813 • 822-2582
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver,
B.C., V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC Reports)
or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the Feb. 23, 1995 issue of UBC Reports
is noon, Feb. 14.
.Services;
FINANCIAL PLANNING.
Retirement Income, Deposits,
Investment Funds, Life Insurance.
Local, independent, personalized service with comprehensive
knowledge. Integrating your
financial needs to your own
personal, professional association, group and government
benefit plans. Please call Edwin
Jackson BSc, BArch, CIF, 224-
3540. Representative of
GEORGIA Brokerage Inc.
EDITORIAL SERVICES Substantive
editing, copy editing, rewriting,
dissertations, reports, books. I
would be delighted to look at
your manuscript, show you how I
could improve it, and tell you
what I would charge. Please call
me for more information. Timothy
King, 263-6058.
SINGLES NETWORK Single science
professionals and others
interested in science or natural
history are meeting through a
nationwide network. Contact us
for info: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, Ontario,
NOA 1N0; e-mail 71554.2160®
compuserve.com; 1-800-667-
5179.
BRITISH EXPATRIATESwhoworked
in the U.K. Will you have a claim
to a British State Pension? Did
you know that it will be "frozen"
in Canada? Call the non-profit.
Canadian Alliance for British
Pensioners at 224-3110.
INCOME TAXES/Financial
planning. Get expert help with
your 1994 income tax return from
a qualified financial planner. We
also offer assistance regarding
investmentstrategies, retirement
planning etc. Call Brian at Cann
Financial Group, 733-PLAN.
For Sale
BY OWNER Save $1,000s - Sunny
2bedrm, 2 bath condo. 16th Ave.
25 mins. to UBC. Quiet, 3 skylights,
gas f/p, washer/dryer ensuite, d/
w and neat sunroom. 855 sq.ft.,
NO GST! Asking $179,500. NO
AGENTS! Call Anne at 874-6888.
Accommodation
UBC SINGLE STUDENT Residences.
Rooms are available in the UBC
single student residences for
qualified applicants for both
room and room and board
contracts. Vacancies can be
rented for immediate
occupancy in the Walter H.
Gage, Totem Park, Place Vanier,
Fairview Crescent, and
Ritsumeikan-UBC House
residences. Applicants who take
possession of a room before
March 1 are entitled to
reapplication privileges which
provide them with and "assured"
housing assignment for the 1995/
96 Winter session. Pleasecontact
the UBC Housing Office for
information on rates and
availability. The Housing Office is
open from 8:30am - 4:00pm
weekdays, or call 822-2811 during
office hours.
GARDEN SUITE Available now.
Furnished, excellent condition
garden suite, private entrance,
7 minutes from UBC. 1 bedroom,
study, living dining area, kitchen
and bath. N/S-N/P. Tel. 734-3513.
HOUSE FOR RENT 3 or 4 bedrm
home with den. Large, formal
living and dining rooms, fireplace.
Large deck off kitchen over south
exposed, fenced yard. No
smokers, no pets. Available
March 1 -June. $1,900.3458 West
33rd. Tel: 266-7099.
UBC EXECUTIVE (husband/wife)
couple require a 2 bedrm/den
townhouse or condominium with
lease $ 1,500 - $2,000 range (West
Side). Non-smokers, no pets,
meticulous housekeepers, would
seriously consider an option to
purchase. Please phone: 682-
8087 or fax details 682-8010.
Housing; Wanted
HOUSING WANTED Two UWO law
professors (non-smokers) seek
furn. accommodation (house,
apt. - minimum 2 bedrms - or
house exchange) in Vancouver
during sabbatical Sept. '95-May
'96. Call Winnie Holland or Greg
Brandt (519) 679-9595 or email:
lawwhh@uwoadmin.uwo.ca
HOUSE EXCHANGE March, April
March preferred. Battle, Sussex,
England, 3bedrm. and den, fully
furnished, 2.5 bath. Rural setting,
lhr. 15min. to London by half-
hourly train. Sea 5 miles. Garden
mainten-anceand cleaning incl.
Car available. Seeking
Vancouver house. West Side
preferred. Call Jane at 684-2781.
HOUSE    SITTER Mature,
responsible man available March
1 or earlier to care for your home
and belongings while doing
research on campus.
Experienced in property
management and pet care.
Please call 873-0536 and leave
message. Bob.
Accommodation
POINT GREY GUEST HOUSE A
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W.lOth Ave.
Vancouver, B.C. V6R2H2. Phone
or fax (604) 222-4104.
GREEN COLLEGE GUEST HOUSE
Located near the Museum of
Anthropology, this is an ideal spot
for visiting scholars to UBC. Guests
dine with residents and enjoy
college life. Daily rate $50.00, plus
$13/day for meals Sun. -Thurs. Call
822-8660 for more information
and availability.
WONDERFUL, CHARACTER house
on West Side, 3 bedrms, 2 baths,
large modern kitchen with French
doors to deck, fenced garden,
facing beautiful park. Fully
equipped. Prefer 6 mos. lease
from March 1/95 - Sept. 1/95.
Term negotiable. Rent $2,200. Tel:
267-0342.
GAGE COURT HOTEL offers year-
round accommodation in one
bedroomsuites with kitchenettes.
Ideal for visiting professors and
seminar groups. Located on
campus, across from the Student
Union Building. Daily rate is $69/
suite. For reservations call
(604)822-1010.
BRIGHT, SPACIOUS, ground floor,
2 bedrm apartment, 5 blocks
from UBC. Fully furnished and
equipped. Washer/dryer, piano.
May 1 to Sept. 30 (or later). n/s,no
pets. Child welcome. $ 1,000. Tel:
228-0782.
Events
HIV/AIDS   CONFERENCE   9th
Annual BC HIV/AIDS Conference.
Focus on Drug Users. Nov. 5-7,
'95. Sponsored by Continuing
Education in Health Sciences,
UBC; The Province of BC Ministry
of Health; BC Centre for
Excellence in HIV/AIDS; and St.
Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC.
At: Westin Bayshore Hotel, 1601
W. Georgia St., Vancouver, BC.
For further information call:
(604)822-4965 or Fax: (604)822-
4835.
SEATING SYMPOSIUM 12th
International Seating Symposium,
March 7-9/96. Vancouver, BC.
Call for Submissions, Deadline:
June 1, 1995. Sponsored by:
Sunny Hill Health Centre for
Children; UBC, Division of
Continuing Education in the
Health Sciences; University of
Pittsburgh, School of Health and
Rehabilitation Sciences; RESNA.
For further information, contact:
12th International Seating
Symposium, Continuing
Education in Health Sciences, The
University of British Columbia, Rm.
105-2194 Health Sciences Mall,
Vancouver, BC,Canada V6T1Z3.
Tel: (604)822-4965 or
Fax:(604)822-4835. UBC Reports • February 9, f 995 11
Top coach credits
success to teamwork
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
How would you
feel if you were
named the Sport
BC Coach of the
Year?
Thrilled? Honoured, perhaps?
How about just a
little sheepish?
"Sometimes it's
a little embarrassing to be given
credit for what our
teams are accomplishing," said Dick
Mosher, winner of
the 1994 Sport BC
Coach of the Year
award for his efforts with UBC's
men's and women's soccer teams.
"A coaching
award is really a
team award, it's
also an acknowledgement that the
UBC soccer program is in pretty
good shape."
Pretty good
shape may be an
understatement.
Last year,
Mosher guided the
men's team to a Canadian Interuniversity
Athletic Union title, his fourth since taking over as coach in 1986. And he came
within an eyelash of emerging with a
CIAU soccer sweep as the women fell to
Dalhousie in their championship game.
While assistant coach, and eldest son,
Mike Mosher guided the men to a 5-0
victory over the University of Alberta in
last year's title game at UBC, Dick Mosher
was in Edmonton with the women's squad
for their championship game against
Dalhousie.
Dick Mosher
Abe Hefter photo
Sports Information Officer Don Wells
fed him the scores from UBC during the
game, and Mosher knew the men were in
control of their game against Alberta.
However, the women came up just short,
losing 5-4 on penalty kicks after playing
to a 2-2 tie through overtime.
Mosher will continue to coach both the
men and women next year.
"It's not that difficult a task, thanks to
the efforts of my assistant coaches, Mike,
Bob Birada and Tod Hanvey. They have
helped make my job enjoyable."
UBC swimmer buoyed by
gold medal performances
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
UBC swimmer Sarah Evanetz capped
a solid-gold performance at the Canada
West conference championships with female
athlete ofthe week honours in the Canadian
Interuniversity Athletic
Union (CIAU).
Evanetz, a 19-year-
old second-year sensation from Vancouver,
won four individual gold
medals and shared first
place in a relay event
at the Canada West
Championships Jan.
20-22 in Lethbridge,
Alta. Named female
swimmer of the meet,
Evanetz won the 100
and 200 metre butterfly, the 100 and 200
metre freestyle, and was
a member of the winning 4 x 100 metre
medley relay team. She also shared a
silver medal on the 4 x 100 metre freestyle relay team.
Her performance helped the women
take team honours, well ahead of runner-
up University of Calgary.
"Sarah has her health back and is
swimming the way she's capable of swimming,"   said   UBC   swim  coach  Tom
Sarah Evanetz
Johnson.
"She struggled with health issues all
summer as a result of chronic tonsillitis.
But her confidence is back. Her performance in the freestyle relay was nothing
short of world class.''
In that event,
Evanetz made up four
seconds while swimming anchor to lead the
11 am to a silver-medal
linish.
"It was an awesome
showing," Johnson
s.iid.
The men's team finished   fourth   at  the
Canada West championships, with first-year
swimmer Greg Hamm
taking the gold in the
200-metre backstroke,
and silver in the 100-
metre backstroke and
400-metre freestyle.
UBC emerged from
Lethbridge with 10 women and five men
with qualifying status for the CIAU championships March 3-5 in Quebec City.
"Our final shot at qualifying will come
Feb. 11 at a dual meet against the University of Washington here at UBC," said
Johnson. "I hope we can get those totals
up to 12 women and eight men by the
time the national championships roll
around."
People
by staff writers
Michael Isaacson, head of the Dept. of Civil Engineering, has been
appointed editor of the Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering for a
five-year term.
As the official publication of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering, the
journal allows civil engineers in Canada and other countries to communicate
their findings to the international research community.
One of 14 journals published by the National Research Council of Canada, the journal is a bimonthly
publication with more than 3,000 subscribers in 48
countries.
It publishes papers from industry, government and
universities on a broad range of civil engineering topics:
computer applications, construction, engineering
A HllL. :\3Mt mechanics, environmental engineering, hydrotechnical
Wtk W^ap engineering, materials, structures, transportation and
■B.  ^i&il^H^i    engineering design.
HH&_ __j2H^BI Isaacson, who is a member of the Board of Directors
Issacson °f the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, served as
associate editor of the journal for several years. His
research focuses on coastal and ocean engineering with an emphasis on
ocean waves and wave effects on structures.
The journal's editorial board is made up of engineers and researchers with
specializations that cover the full spectrum of civil engineering. It includes
two UBC faculty members, professors Donald Mavinic and Alan Russell, who
will provide editorial advice concerning environmental engineering and
construction management, respectively.
Asst. Prof. Allison Tom, with the Dept. of Educational Studies in the
Faculty of Education, has been awarded the 1994 Marion Porter Prize
by the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. The
prize recognizes the most significant feminist research article in a given year
from a journal or anthology "on the basis of academic and scholarly excellence, importance ofthe issue to women and originality of theme." Tom's
article, "Women's Lives Complete: Methodological Concerns", deals with the
distortions that can arise when women's work is studied in comparison to
men's.
• • • •
A prize given to the best young Canadian mathematician has been
awarded to Michael Ward, an assistant professor in the Dept. of
Mathematics.
Ward, 34, is the co-winner ofthe 1995 Andre Aisenstadt Mathematics Prize,
which is awarded annually by the Centre de Recherche in Montreal.
Ward received a BSc in mathematics from UBC and a PhD from the
California Institute of Technology. He then spent three years at Stanford as a
Szego Assistant Professor and two years at the Courant Institute of New York
University.
He was recently in Hong Kong where he gave an invited lecture to the
International Symposium on Mathematics and Applications of Analysis.
He is also the only Canadian invited speaker, and the youngest, at July's
International Congress of Industrial and Applied Mathematics in Hamburg,
Germany. The congress is the most prestigious in the field of applied mathematics.
Linda Svendsen, assistant professor in the Dept. of
Creative Writing, has been appointed to a three-
year term as a director on the board of British
Columbia Film. British Columbia Film is the provincially funded society charged with encouraging the
indigenous film industry.  Svendsen, author of a short
story collection titled Marine Life, also wrote the
screenplay adaptation of Margaret Laurence's The
Diviners.
Svendsen
Developmental psychologist Lawrence Walker has
been awarded the 1994 Kuhmerker Award
presented by the Association for Moral Education. The association is an
international scholarly organization devoted to theory and practice in the field
of moral development and education. Walker's research looks at the role
parents and peers play in children's moral functioning.
News Digest
More than 30 international experts on domestic violence and human rights
issues met on campus last month to develop a global training and advisory service
to prevent and address domestic violence. The meeting of the International
Domestic Violence Advisory Committee was convened at UBC's International
Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy. The centre is one of
eight co-operating institutes in the United Nations' worldwide network in the field
of crime prevention and criminal justice.
• • • •
A new award recognizing outstanding teaching in Canadian universities has
been created by the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE).
The Faculty Teaching Award will honour contributions to the teaching of
engineering. The first award will be presented this year.
Candidates will be judged on their teaching skills, textbook writing, course
design, curriculum development, and lab design and supervision. Nominations will
be submitted by groups of three or more, at least one of whom must be a student.
The Faculty Teaching Award is the latest addition to the CCPE's national
awards program. The CCPE licenses and oversees practice by more than 155,000
professional engineers in Canada. 12 UBC Reports ■ February 9, 1995
Profile
The Dental Detective
Dr. David Sweet seeks the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the tooth
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
Dr. David Sweet likes to give people
something they can really sink
their teeth into.
Usually, it's a piece of base plate
wax, two millimetres thick and eight by
16 centimetres wide.
The wax impressions — called
exemplars when submitted as court
exhibits — are just one of the many
tools that Sweet, a forensic
odontologist, uses in his dental detective work to place a suspect at the
scene of the crime.
No object escapes his scrutiny. He
has analysed evidence left by teeth and
related oral tissues on chewing gum,
cigarette butts, telephone receivers, ski
masks and hold-up notes that bank
robbers have held between their teeth
— presumably while stuffing their
pockets with their ill-gotten gains —
then left behind.
Sweet's interest in forensic
odontology began while he was in
private practice in his hometown of
Cranbrook, B.C., when the local police
asked him to assist in identifying the
remains of a car accident victim.
"I wanted to learn more about what I
could do to use my dental knowledge in
a unique way to help society," he says.
In 1984, the offer of a full-time
appointment as a clinical lecturer in
UBC's Faculty of Dentistry, from which
Sweet graduated in 1978, lured him
back to Vancouver and gave him the
opportunity to pursue his new interest.
Even though five years have passed
since Sweet gave his first testimony in a criminal case, his
recollection of it remains vivid.
The case involved a deceased child
whose mother was charged with felony
homicide and child physical abuse.
Sweet analysed a human bite mark
on the child's neck behind the left ear
and concluded that the mother's teeth
had caused the injury.
"I know the jury was affected by the
testimony," he says. "Most people have
a difficult time acknowledging that
anyone could seriously harm a helpless, three-year-old child, let alone kill
the child and bite its neck with such
force as to lacerate the skin."
What happened to Sweet outside
that courtroom had an even greater
impact on him.
"A woman took my arm in one hand
and my shoulder in the other. With
tears in her eyes she said something
that I will never forget: 'Dr. Sweet, it is
a very great thing that you have done'."
He has been involved in about 26
criminal cases since then, some of
which have taken him as far afield as
Marbella, Spain.
One homicide trial Sweet is currently
involved with is taking place on the
Caribbean island of St. Lucia, where
the defendant faces the death penalty if
convicted.
While some may think that giving
expert testimony under these circumstances places an additional pressure
on the level of confidence he must have
in his conclusions. Sweet says that he
weighs the spectre of capital punishment equally with a defendant's
prospects of life in prison.
Stephen Forgacs photo
Forensic odontologist Dr. David Sweet uses life-size photographs and dental
models to match suspects with victims of crime. An expert in analysing
dental evidence from crime scenes, Sweet often assists police agencies.
"I honestly try to think of these two
outcomes as equal, therefore, I must
always be absolutely certain of my
conclusions and totally confident in the
techniques I have used to analyse the
case materials.
"I must remember that there are
many aspects to a case, and that my
testimony is part of the process. The
rest, including the sentence, is up to
society. What does burden me is the
heinous nature of the crimes."
Closer to home. Sweet is a forensic
odontology consultant for the
Provincial Coroners Service and
for the RCMP and the Vancouver and
Victoria police departments.
Demand for his expertise is increasing but, he claims, not because he is
one of only four board-certified forensic
odontologists in Canada.
Sweet credits police agencies and the
courts for their increased interest in
the importance of forensic dental
evidence in the war against crime.
And with the launch of a new
initiative he is spearheading. Sweet
intends to arm them with the most
sophisticated forensic weapons science
can supply.
The Bureau of Legal Dentistry
(BOLD) will be the first facility in
Canada to provide recognized training
in forensic odontology.
Scientists at the research centre will
also focus on refining current techniques, and developing new methods.
for collecting, preserving and analysing
dental evidence.
"Since the time of Sir Arthur Conan
Doyle, people have believed that crimes
are solved by extraordinarily intelligent
sleuths who use their powers of
reasoning and deduction to outsmart
perpetrators," he says.
"In fact, they are actually teams of
scientists and police experts who jointly
apply their relative areas of knowledge
and expertise to the reconstruction and
investigation of crime.
"BOLD will provide a conduit
through which the dental experts on
the team may bring the power of
science further into the realm of the
justice system."
He predicts that the results of
their work, which will be
shared worldwide with police
agencies and experts in a variety of
forensic disciplines, will have significant consequences.
The advances produced in this
laboratory will help the police solve
crimes and the justice system deal with
the persons responsible. More crimes
will be solved and more criminals will
be apprehended." Sweet says.
Inaugural research projects include
the identification of missing children:
3-D computer models of bite mark
evidence; the use of dental impression
materials in forensic investigations;
and recovery of DNA evidence from
teeth.
Sweet also plans to continue his
pioneering work in the forensic analysis
of DNA taken from saliva left in bite
marks and suck marks on human skin.
In recent experiments conducted for
his PhD in forensic medicine from the
University of Granada. Spain, Sweet
discovered a new, more objective type
of bite mark analysis than methods
now in use.
His research could have a profound
effect on the ability of police agencies to
exonerate or implicate criminal suspects.
"Currently, dentists use physical
matching techniques to compare the
injuries on the victim's skin to the
suspect's teeth which, in some cases,
have limitations due to the distortion
and elasticity ofthe skin, and the
subjective nature of the comparative
analysis," Sweet says.
'The depth or size of a bite mark is a
very important consideration when
using physical matching, but it is also
one of the problems since, in many
cases, the bite may not result in
measurable injuries."
Sweet has shown that DNA analysis
of saliva does not depend on these
physical variable characteristics,
thereby providing a better chance of
identifying the suspect.
And because his research demonstrates that saliva is always left during
biting or sucking, it doesn't matter
what force was used.
Another advantage derived from
Sweet's technique is that it does not
produce contamination from the victim.
"Even if it did, I have discovered that
the problem would be minimal since a
sample of the victim's DNA, collected
from a DNA-rich source such as blood
or tissue, is included in the analysis."
Sweet says that forensically significant results can be obtained from a dry
spot of saliva equivalent in size to the
nail on a person's little finger.
Once all of the genetic evidence is
recovered, the DNA must be compared
to a known standard — a sample from
the suspect.
But Canada's Charter of Rights and
Freedoms allows suspects to avoid
giving a sample for comparison purposes.
Sweet is encouraged, however, by a
document currently before the federal
government which proposes to establish a DNA database of known felons.
"It would remove the opportunity for
them to hide behind the charter. Using
such a database in the future, investigators could compare a DNA fingerprint
found at the scene of a crime to those
recorded for previous offenders."
On more than one occasion. Sweet
has had to rely on his good sense
of humour to deal with the often
difficult and disturbing nature of his
forensic work.
And he is gracious to others who
can't resist repeating the myriad of
puns his profession generates — a
technique he uses himself to educate.
Sweet calls one lecture he delivers to
the legal community The Truth, the
Whole Truth and Nothing but the
Tooth.
"It helps to bring the idea of dental
evidence into the realm of the criminal
justice system," he says.
It's just one more way that Sweet
gives the victims of crime a voice that
was violently taken from them.

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