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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Dec 12, 1996

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to seek
work links
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff ivriter
UBC has been chosen as the headquarters of the Western Education and
Training Research Network, which will
examine and assess policy issues and
initiatives in education and training.
The Western Network is one of five
major research networks in education
and training launched Dec. 5 by the
Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Council  (SSHRC)  to identify  the  links
a m o n g
and economic success, training and
international com-
p e t i t i v e -
ness. and
and the
needs of
Led by
E d u c a -
tional Studies Prof. Jane Gaskell. the
network will investigate various research
topics such as how the educational
choices made by different learners—including women, seniors and visible minorities—and types of educational programs offered affect labour market outcomes.
Gaskell emphasized the importance of
the network's collaboration with many
Students hit the books in Koerner Library during the December exam period which runs to Dec. 19 for most
faculties. Between 2,000 and 10,000 students write exams each day in 33 buildings across campus during the exam
period. Before classes resume Jan. 6, the Koerner Library will be the scene of a massive move of books currently
housed in Main Library.
Books make move to new
quarters during holiday break
Imagine a row of books stretching
from UBC to Boundary Road, a total of
16.5 kilometres. Now imagine moving
them to a new home, making sure they
arrive in exactly the same order so they
can be methodically shelved. That's exactly what will happen later this month
as the UBC Library moves 500,000
books—the largest transfer of books ever
undertaken in its history—from Main
Library to the Walter C. Koerner Library.
The books will move into the newly
Donations make a
difference in life
Pam Miles has a unique perspective
on the university's United Way campaign. As a donor she receives thanks
from campus volunteers. As a volunteer vice-president for a United Way
agency—Big Sisters of B.C. (Lower
Mainland)—she gives thanks for campus support.
"I'm an easy sell as a donor, because
I see first hand the good that comes
through United Way agencies here in
Vancouver," says Miles, development
officer for the UBC Library and Student
and Academic Services.
She was matched with her Little Sister Kim six years ago, and this year
watched proudly as the 18-year-old
graduated from high school, found a job
and moved into her own apartment.
Kim (1) and Miles
"Graduation might not seem like a big
deal, but each person has his or her own
renovated Sedgewick space, which is
now part of the Koerner Library.
Some library services will be interrupted or unavailable during the move,
which begins Dec. 20 and should be
completed on Jan. 6.
Among the collections moving to
Koerner are: active humanities and social sciences serials, post-1978 materials for subjects in humanities and social
sciences, all Canadian history and literature, all English language and literature, all anthropology, all classical studies and archaeology, all French literature, all librarianship, and all reference
materials for humanities, social sciences
and government publications.
Services on the move include humanities and social sciences reference, government publications reference, microforms
division, data library, interlibrary loans
staff, library cards, fine payment and other
borrower services.
Remaining in Main Library are: Fine
Arts library (including course reserve).
Science and Engineering Division and
collections. Map Library, Special Collections and University Archives, older research materials in humanities and social sciences, interlibrary loan services
for science and engineering and fine arts
users and the card catalogue.
Call the move hotline for the latest
information at 822-3871.
Move facts
■ Number of books currently in Main
Library: nearly 2 million
1 Number of times 500,000 books would
reach the top ofthe Ladner Clock Tower
if stacked on their sides: about 400
Jolly Holly
Garden volunteers bring out the boughs and holly to eager anticipation
Radical Rebuild 5
Racked by civil war, Sri Lanka looks to UBC for expertise in renewal
Chemical Cleaner 7
Campus works: What once was waste now gets used again
Athletic Advice 8
Profile: Maybe we don't listen, but in Havana Susan Butt's words strike home 2 UBC Reports • December 12, 1996
Rationale for
hiring spouse
draws ire
I receive UBC Reports
through the Courier and read it
to keep abreast of events and
news at UBC. Educational
issues and particularly those
involving post-secondary
education and training are of
special interest to me.
Now I must earnestly
petition you and the senior
administration of UBC to
publicly address the facts
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to janet.ansell@ubc.ca.
surrounding the hiring of the
spouse ofthe new president.
After rigorously publishing all
of the ethical requirements of
the staff and students in UBC
Reports it would seem incumbent upon you to deal with
this matter.
The Vancouver Sun reported
that the rationale given for this
action was that "it is common
practice." When will you
understand that this arrogant,
elitist attitude is what makes
the public so cynical and angry
about the cost of higher
education? Please don't repeat
all those old cliches we have
heard so often, "it is only a
very small part of the total
costs, the public just doesn't
understand how these things
work" and that perennial
favourite "the media are
blowing this all out of proportion."
William F. Bush
Continued from Page 1
challenges," says Miles. "Like all
teenagers, Kim went through
some difficult periods and had to
make a lot of choices about which
path to take. I'm proud of her for
setting the goal of graduating,
and then working hard to achieve
that goal."
Miles stresses the value ofthe
Continued from Page 1
people in different disciplines and
its close links with partners outside the university.
'This improves not only the
quality and the impact of the
research, but also its complexity," Gaskell said.
"We hope to produce research
that will tell us more about what
the outcome of education and
training are, and what kinds of
programs achieve what kinds of
results for whom."
In total, SSHRC will invest
$5.6 million in the program. Senior researchers based at universities in B.C., Ontario and Quebec will head the five networks,
with more than 140 colleagues
from universities in all 10 provinces also participating. They will
collaborate with representatives
from approximately 150 community organizations, industry,
school boards and provincial
government departments.
The Western Education and
Training Research network will
receive a grant of $225,000 per
year for the next five years.
Early Bird Special 2 for 1
value up to $8.00 for dinner
Exp. Dec. 23.1996
dine in only
free delivery within 5km
with $20 min. order
10% off for pickup
Vegetarian Buffet
Wed. & Sunday 5-9 pm $10.95
2930 West 4th Ave.
Visit our Web site
Big Sisters organization, and
other United Way community
agencies, in bringing together
services and people in need.
"I like to think there are no
bad kids, just bad choices, which
usually result from lack of knowledge and lack of support. As a
friend and mentor, which is what
a Big Sister is, I've tried to help
Kim understand the choices
available to her."
Each year, one in three people in the Lower Mainland benefits from the services of a United
Way agency. UBC's employee
campaign, one ofthe five largest
in the Lower Mainland, provides
critical support for United Way
agencies and other charities.
In this year's campus campaign, which closed Nov. 30.
UBC faculty, staff and students
contributed $264,030 towards
the campus goal of $290,260.
Organizers are confident of
reaching the goal as additional
contributions come in during
For more information on the
United Way campaign, call Penny
Weir at 822-9026 or visit the
Web site at http://
Contact Plant Operations by phone, fax or e-mail to
report any building or grounds maintenance item and
request service.
Building or Grounds
phone: 822-2173
fax: 822-6969
e-mail:    tc@plantops.ubc.ca
Exterior Lights Only
phone:  822-2173
fax:       822-6969
e-mail z   lightsout@plantops.ubc.ca
please note number of lamp standard
*please t>ive complete details including CONTACT NAME and NUMBER
Edwin Jackson
Best Wishes to you and yours
this Holiday Season.
224 3540
4524 West 11th Avenue, phone & drop in,
or by appointment, your place.
Income   I ax,
Mutual runda
licenced1 (k,o.,,l,
lbiie ana
Income, CE
Competitive rate*
witk le*Jing fwAnoi*l
Service* l>ta.
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design • data analysis
• sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508
Home: (604) 263-5394
Wax - it
Histology Services
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr     RT, RLAT(R)
Daytime (604) 266-7359
Evening (604) 266-2597
E- Mail spurrwax@infomatch.com
Kevin Gibbon     ART FIBMS
(604) 856-7370
Looking for general information at UBC?
Don't know who to call?
Beginning Dec. 16
call the UBC Information Line.
M-F, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
UBC Main & Koerner Libraries
MAIN STACKS (including Circulation, Gov Pubs, HSS ft Microforms)
Dec 20-Jan 5 CLOSED
Dec 20,23-24 & Jan 2-3 Sam-Spm Ask at SCI/ENG DIVISION for retrieval from
MAIN STACKS. Use Main Library (south) entrance.
Circulation services such as Library cards,
holds, fines payments at Koerner Library.
Dec 20-Jan S CLOSED
Dec 20,23-24 & Jan 2-3 E-mail to dlhelpedatalfc.ubc.ca
Dec 20-Jan 1
Dec 20,23-24
Jan 2-3
Ask at SCI/ENG DIVISION for retrieval from
FINE ARTS STACKS. Use Main Ubrary (south) entrance.
OPEN Sam-Spm
Dec 20.23-24 ft Jan 2-3 OPEN 9am-5pm
  Dec 20,23-24 ft Jan 2-3 OPEN 9am-Spm. Use Main Library (south) entrance.
Dec 20-Jan 1 CLOSED
Dec 20,23-24 9am Spm SUBMITTHESES to MAP LIBRARY.
Jan 2-3 OPEN 9am-Spm
Dec 20,23-24 ft Jan 2-3 OPEN Sam-Spm: Circulation, Reserve.
 Ask at Circ Desk for retrieval from KOERNER STACKS.
* All UBC Campus Libraries are
Dec 25-Jan 1 & WEEKENDS Dec 20-Jan 5
Main Library Hours Line 822-2077
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
http://www.ubc.ca under News, Events and Attractions.
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.bagshaw@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • December 12, 1996 3
D Thomson photo
David Tarrant and Judy Newton of UBC's Botanical Garden display a few
ofthe hundreds of wreaths and baskets prepared by volunteers each year
for the holiday season. Items are available while quantities last at the
Volunteers' wreaths
attract fan following
Neither the rain, nor sleet nor snow
dumped on Vancouver lately has dampened the enthusiasm of holiday shoppers looking to UBC's Botanical Garden for the perfect wreath to adorn
their homes this season.
There are people who stand outside
the garden gate and wait for each new
load of wreaths and baskets to be
brought out, hoping to spot just the
right one for them," said Judy Newton,
education assistant at the garden.
"Some of them will come back day after
Newton and education co-ordinator
David Tarrant assist about 120 Friends
of the Garden—the volunteer group
that supports UBC's Botanical Garden—in making the holiday wreaths
and baskets which will total close to
400 this year. Each item takes about
one hour to craft.
Tarrant, host of the popular CBC
show, Canadian Gardener, was responsible for starting the fund-raising program eight years ago when he joined the
"Each wreath and basket is unique,"
said Newton. "Year after year, the volunteers can't believe that they've actually made such a beautiful thing. Even
the people who don't think they're creative have never had a failure. There's
always a buyer."
The wreaths, baskets and other holiday items are available while quantities
last at the Shop in the Garden, 6804
Southwest Marine Drive. To avoid disappointment, visit the shop early. All
proceeds support the Botanical Garden. For more information, call 822-
Food service in SUB
slated for rejuvenation
UBC Food Services is in the process of
preparing a Request for Proposal for the
space presently occupied by the 950-seat
Pacific Spirit Place cafeteria and the commissary in the Student Union Building
'The re-establishment of some form of
food service in the space is our first
objective," said Food Services Acting Director Judy Vaz.
"The results of our market research
confirm what we hear from the campus
community in general. There is a need for
a food facility of that size on campus."
Exactly what form a new food service
would take has yet to be determined, she
said, adding that numerous groups have
expressed interest in the space.
"We'll be establishing a steering committee to set parameters and review proposals for future use ofthe space in SUB
and to prepare a detailed strategy," Vaz
When these initiatives were announced
last summer, Frank Eastham, associate
vice-president. Human Resources, said
the decision followed extensive deliberation, study and consultation.
"It became clear to us that we need to
focus on re-invigorating service in key
areas of our food operations. It was also
clear that in order to achieve that goal we
had to rethink our activities in areas of
significant continuing loss with no credible opportunity of a turnaround,"
Eastham said.
Wall Institute to meld
best minds in research
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Four years ago. Prof. Ken MacCrimmon
joined a select gathering of renowned
artists and scientists in the resort town of
Bellagio in northern Italy.
Attendees included a Booker Prize
nominee, a leading British composer and
author Joseph Heller.
Sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, the month-long, revolving door
retreat sought to mix and stir the creative juices of scribes and
scholars and. in so doing, inspire them to
greater heights.
The experience proved a
research opportunity unlike any other for
MacCrimmon. who was
studying theories of creativity in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
"I came back thinking
this broad-based sharing
of ideas was vital to any
university and we needed
mechanisms to foster it
at UBC," he says.
Today, MacCrimmon is
charged with setting up similar programs
encompassing all academic disciplines
across the university.
MacCrimmon's new job as the first
director of the Peter Wall Institute for
Advanced Studies is to make it recognized worldwide as the pre-eminent institute focused on basic research linking
all fields of inquiry.
Fueling this ambitious project is a $15-
million contribution from Vancouver financier Peter Wall, who hatched the idea with
UBC President David Strangway in 1991.
"Peter realized that there was an opportunity to create a university-based institute for advanced research which doesn't
exist anywhere else," says Strangway. "He
made it clear from the
outset that the money ^^^^^^^^_
had to be used to generate new ideas and initiatives that wouldn't happen otherwise."
MacCrimmon claims
that the Wall Institute
fills an untapped academic niche. 	
Outstanding institutes
for advanced research, such as the one in
Princeton, focus primarily on the hard sciences with little presence in the social sciences and humanities. The Peter Wall Institute, he says, will encompass all departments and faculties on the UBC campus.
Two of the institute's key planks were
already in place when MacCrimmon was
appointed director in August of this year.
Nobel Laureate Michael Smith and
Prof. Raphael Amit, director of UBC's W.
Maurice Young Entrepreneurship and
Venture Capital Research Centre, had
been named Peter Wall Distinguished
Professors. Smith will chair an internal,
10-member advisory committee when he
returns from sabbatical next year.
Secondly, an annual competition for
thematic research projects had been
launched under the guidance of John
Grace, former dean of Graduate Studies.
An endowment of $10 million, drawn
from the President's Fund, was allocated
for the three-year thematic projects which
bring scholars together from different
disciplines to work on specific problems.
In the 1995/96 competition, a team of
nine UBC scholars prevailed over six other
applications and was awarded the first
$500,000 thematic grant. The team will
look at the phenomenon known as "crisis
points"—those junctures at which the character of a process changes abruptly.
"It may be the recurrence of a disease
posing a major new threat, groundwater
pollution reaching a level where it threat-
"We want to build a
new type of creative
- Prof. Ken MacCrimmon
ens our water supply, or the collapse of a
currency or market," says mathematics
professor and project co-ordinator
Priscilla Greenwood.
Greenwood says the interdisciplinary
group—which is searching for qualified
graduate students and post doctoral fellows—will study both the question of how
to develop crisis point models and how to
apply them to particular problems in areas
such as biology, earth sciences, economics, epidemiology and psychology.
A 17-member adjudication committee, hand-picked from
UBC's best scholars, will
review the next round of
project proposals for
which the deadline is
MacCrimmon has been
busy laying several more
planks in the institute's
programming platform.
The first of these is a
summer residential program which would bring
a dozen or so ofthe most
creative scholars, artists
and professionals together at UBC for an informal gathering of four
to six weeks.
MacCrimmon has been poring over lists
of Nobel, Booker and other major prize winners in a search for distinguished summer
visitors. The idea, he says, is to have them
come to campus and interact with one another, as well as with the local community,
with no set theme or agenda.
A second initiative, called the Research
Encounter Program, will bring three world-
class scholars together whose research interests overlap but who don't work in the
same discipline. MacCrimmon says participants would have few formal responsibilities
in terms of lectures and would be challenged
to discuss ideas amongst themselves and
see where discussions lead. At the end of
their stay, students and
^^^^h^^mm faculty would be invited
to an open forum where
they would learn about
the discussions and exchange ideas. A transcript of the forum
would then be put on
the institute's Web site
and a global interactive
discussion would follow.
MacCrimmon is asking UBC faculty to
submit their own suggestions for a "dream
team" triumvirate.
One of the first assignments
MacCrimmon gave himself was to visit
every dean and many department heads
to ask what the institute could do for
them and vice versa. An individual visiting artists and scholars program, varying
between three weeks and six months in
length, has been widely endorsed and
constitutes another programming plank
MacCrimmon is working towards.
In addition, he is working with
Strangway to identify and appoint an
External Advisory Board comprising some
of the most distinguished artists and
scholars in the world.
"In all these programs we're prepared
to get a number of rejections at the start,"
he says. "But we're determined to attract
only the very, very best." MacCrimmon is
looking forward to the day when the
institute has its own building to host and
run its programs. The institute's present
location is at Green College.
MacCrimmon. however, doesn't need to
theorize much about what the Peter Wall
Institute will do for UBC.
"It will bring together the best minds
within UBC and around the world to
generate new knowledge across the
boundaries of standard disciplines," he
says. "We want to build a new type of
creative environment." 4 UBC Reports • December 12, 1996
December 15 through January 11
Wednesday, Dec. 18
Surgery Grand
Rounds Lecture
Proton Therapy At TRIUMF -
Physics In Action . Dr. Thomas
Pickles, Surgery: Dr. Katherine
Paton, Ophthalmology. GF Strong
auditorium, 7am. Call 875-4136.
Friday, Dec. 20
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Skiing And Snowboarding Injuries In Young People: Epidemiological Factors Relevant To In
jury Prevention. Dr. Andrew
Macnab, B.C.'s Children's Hosp.
GF Strong auditorium, 9am. Call
Earth & Ocean Science
Observations And Modelling Of
The Warm Mid-Creataceous Climate. Lawrence Mysak, McGill
U. Geology 330-A, 12:30pm. Call
Tuesday, Dec. 24
Trekkers 4th Annual
Christmas Brunch Buffet
Tis The Brunch Before Christmas. David Lam Centre, Trekkers,
8am-1:30pm. $7.95. Call 822-
Wednesday, Jan. 8
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
The Great Disc Debate. Dr. M.F.S.
Dvorak, Spine Division or Dr.
P.C. Wing, Spine Division. Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Eye Care Centre auditorium, 7am. Call 875-
Noon Hour Concert
Martin Beaver, violin: Robert
Silverman, piano. Music recital
hall, 12:30pm. $3. Call 822-5574.
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Are Boreal Birds Resilient To Frag-
nicntation?: An Experimental
Study of Short-Term Community
Responses. Fiona Schmiegelow,
PhD candidate. Zoology. Family
and Nutritional Sciences 60.
4:30pm. Refreshments at 4:10. Hut
B-8. Call 822-3957.
The Interdisciplinary
Inter/Trans/Mu It i/Neo/Hyper:
Discussion of Kline reading Chapter 13. "Operational Procedures In
Forming Sysreps for Complex Systems." Green College small dining
room. 5pm. Call 822-6067.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
Panel Discussion
The Media: The Public And The
Private. Jonathan Festinger. West -
ern International Communications: John Cruikshank. The Vancouver Sun. Green College. 5:30pm.
Call 822-6067.
Archaeological Institute
UBC's Excavations At Ancient
Stymphalos.Greece, 1994-96.
Prof. Hector Williams, Classics.
Vancouver Museum theatre, 8pm.
Call 822-2889.	
Thursday, Jan. 9
Invited Speaker
Seminar Series
Computer-Aided Verification Of Embedded Systems. Tom Henzinger,
Universityof Calif-Berkeley. CICSR/
CS 208, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-0557.
Genetics Graduate
Program Seminar
Light, Steroid Hormones And Plant
Development. Dr. Joanne Chory,
The Salk Institute. Wesbrook 20"l.
4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Books Bestowed
Elizabeth Izumi, chair of Soka Gakkai International
Canada, recently visited campus to present the UBC
Library with a vai Jety of materials including microfilms,
videotapes and CD-ROMs featuring Japanese history
and culture. The materials were acquired by the
university with a gift of $62,000 from the association,
one of the largest donations ever received to enhance
the library's Japanese collection. Soka Gakkai is a lay
Buddhist association that works for the well-being of
others through activities promoting friendship, peace,
culture and education. President David Strangway
accepted the collection on behalf of UBC.
Law and Society Seminar
Canadian State Trials. Barry
Wright. Uiw. Carleton U. and Prof
Emeritus Murray Greenwood. History. Green College small dining
room. 5pm. Call 822-6067.
Poetic Persuasions
Readings Of Original. Creative
Works Followed By An Open Forum. Green College. Graham
House reception room, 8pm. Call
Friday, Jan. 10
Pediatric Grand Rounds
Adolescent Transition. Evolving
Provincial Senices. Dr. Sandy
Whitehouse. B.C.'s Children's
Hosp: Dr. George Hahn, AYA
Program: Penny Offer. AYA Program. GF Strong auditorium.
9am. Call 875-2307.
€■<* Please Recycle
Leon & Thea Koerner
Memorial Lecture
Music Of Medieval Islamic Spain
From The Middle Ages To The
Present. Prof. Dwight Reynolds,
U of Calif.-Santa Barbara.
Buchanan A-202, 12:30pm. Call
Medieval Workshop
Islam In Europe. Green College,
2-6pm. Adults. $25; students,
$10. Continues Jan. 11. Call
Lost Family Photos
Some family photos were found in
the vicinity ofthe Faculty Association offices (near Geography, the
Old Auditorium and the First Nations Longhouse). To claim them,
call 822-6871.
Christmas Bakeshop by
UBC Food Services
Last day to order is Dec. 16. Let
UBC bakeshop do the baking! Call
or fax your order or shop in person
at Pacific Spirit Place Cafeteria,
Monday-Friday, 9am-2pm . Call
UBC Food Services
Christmas Hours
Pacific Spirit Place Cafeteria and
Espresso On The Go will be open
to serve you until Dec. 19. Barn
Coffee Shop and IRC Snack Bar
are open until Dec. 20. The Express is open throughout the
Christmas period except Dec. 25,
26, and Jan. 1. Call 822-3663.
Fun and Fitness
UBC Community Sport Sen'ices
offers adult ballet, gymnastics and
ice hockey classes for beginners.
No experience is necessary. For
more information call 822-3688.
Morris and Helen Belkin Art
Gallery Exhibition
Tuesday - Friday. 10am-5pm: Saturday. "l2-5pm". 1825 Main Mall.
Call 822-2759.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday. noon-5pm. SERF.
Task Force"Building. 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582 for
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Studies in Hearing and
Senior (65 years or older) and Junior (20-30 years) volunteers
needed. Participants will attend
up to three one-hour appointments
at UBC. Experiments will examine
different aspects of hearing and
communication abilities. Honorarium for some studies. Please
call The Hearing Lab, 822-9474.
Clinical Research Support
The Clinical Research Support
Group which operates under the
auspices of the Dept. of Health
Care and Epidemiology provides
methodological, biostatistical.
computational and analytical support for health researchers. For an
appointment please call Laurel
Slaney at 822-4530.
Eczema Study
Volunteers needed. 12-40years of
age. Must have a current flare of
eczema. Able to attend five visits
over a 15 day period. 1 lonorarium
to be paid upon completion. Call
Multisite Fungal Infection
Jock itch, athlete's foot, irritation
beneath the breasts or ringworm.
Volunteers needed. Must have at
least two different sites of skin
infections. Seven visits over 12
weeks. Honorarium paid upon
completion. Call 875-5296.
Psoriasis Laser Study
Volunteers needed. The UBC Division of Dermatology is seeking
volunteers with psoriasis. We are
testing a potential new laser
therapy for psoriasis. Volunteers
who complete the treatments and
follow-up visits will receive a stipend. Please call 875-5254.
Christmas at the Shop in the
Great selection of gifts! Unique
Christmas tree ornaments and
table centrepieces made by Friends
ofthe Garden. Garden books, tools,
accessories and much more. All
proceeds help the garden grow.
UBC Botanical Garden. Shop in
the Garden, 10am-5pm. Closed
noon. Dec. 24. Re-open Jan. 13.
Call 822-4529.
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find out!
We are looking for parents with
babies between one and 14 months
of age to participate in language
development studies. If you are
interested in bringing your baby
for a one hour visit, please call Dr.
Janet Werker's Infant Studies Centre, Dept. of Psychology, 822-6408
(ask for Nancy).
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Participants required to take part
in clinical dermatology trial at Division of Dermatology, 855 West
10th Ave. Requirements, 50 years
of age and older, within 72 hours
of onset of first skin rash. Maximum 13 visits over 24-week pe
riod. Free medication and honorarium given. For further information call 875-5296.
Diabetes 1997 Conference
The Young Diabetic.
Interprofessional continuing
education conference will take
place Friday. April 4 and Saturday. April 5. 1997 in Vancouver
for all health professionals interested and involved in diabetic
care. For further information call
Parent Care Project
who are caring for a parent in a
care facility are needed for a
counselling psychology study on
the challenges women face in
parent care. Involves individual
interviews /questionnaire. Call
Allison at 822-9199.
Next calendar
noon, Dec. 30
arc disappearing. To help save
them, call I-800-26-PANOA
and ask about adopting a kilometre
of migratory bird flywav.
7/„.,-,-/„/.1ir .<„»,-/,.//.
■: IS
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
liversiry-sponsored events on campus and off cam-
is within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms avail-
>le from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
reen Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
£2-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form is available
t the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.ubc.ca under
ews.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
ilendars Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the January 9 issue of UBC Reports ~~
'itch covers the period January 12 to January 25 —
noon, December 30. UBC Reports • December 12, 1996 5
Happy Day
Gavin Wilson photo
Graduating PhDs react as they listen to Nestor Korchinsky, student
procession marshall, deliver his entertaining and irreverent stage
directions for the recent Fall Congregation ceremonies. Korchinsky,
Intramurals co-ordinator and an assistant professor in the School of
Human Kinetics, tells grads what to expect as their day unfolds. About
2,000 students graduated at the Nov. 28 ceremony.
Students get hands-on
training in Tanzania
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Earlier this year nursing students
Danielle Morin and Laurel Fraser decided
that getting nursing experience in a developing nation would be an eye-opening
They underestimated.
"When we first arrived in Tanzania we
wondered what we had gotten ourselves
into," said Fraser. "We were extremely
culture shocked for the first couple of
Before leaving Canada the pair had
arranged to work for eight weeks with Dr.
Jana MacLeod, a Canadian who has
worked in Africa for six years, at a hospital in the town of Bagamoyo. about 75
kilometres north of the Tanzanian capital. Dar es Salaam. The Bagamoyo hospital serves a region of 212.000 inhabitants
with three physicians, including MacLeod.
UBC nursing students who undertake
work assignments abroad can receive a
fourth-year course credit for their experience with the submission of several written assignments including a paper on a
particular aspect of health care in the
country they visit. Morin focused on
pediatrics and malnutrition, while Fraser's
interest was immunization programs.
"The hospital was very primitive by our
standards and short of resources. They
didn't have basic supplies such as blood
pressure cuffs, gloves or even mosquito
nets to prevent the spread of malaria
from patient to patient," said Fraser.
In the 12-bed pediatric ward, patients
sometimes slept two to a bed on foam
mattresses. If a child's parents couldn't
provide a mosquito net or sheets, the
patient went without, Morin said.
Supplies donated to the hospital were
often stolen by staff who would sell them
later for profit. Conditions in the hospital.
Sri Lanka gains UBC expertise
as planners rebuild after war
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Sri Lanka has a severe shortage of
community and regional planners and
has turned to UBC for help.
A year ago, the Sri Lankan government —battered by civil war since 1983—
transferred decision making powers to
nine regional governments. The hope
was that a more democratic planning
process might help ease ethnic tensions
and foster goodwill.
The problem is that Sri Lankan planners—trained in the technical fields of
engineering, surveying and architecture
—have no experience in or inclination
towards collaborative, strategic planning.
'They have traditionally thought of
themselves as deliverers of services and,
as such, have given little regard to what
people actually want," said Prof. Aprodicio
Laquian, director of UBC's Centre for
Human Settlements.
Laquian is directing a $750,000 project
to educate and assist Sri Lankan planners who are being asked to shoulder
more responsibility in a decentralized
government structure.
Funded by the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA), the long-term
goal of the five-year project is to establish a
graduate community and regional planning
program in three universities: initially at
University of Peradeniya near Kandy, then at
Ruhuna University in Matara and, if possible, at Jafiha University.
Laquian says the Jaffna linkage, on
the island's northern peninsula, is a definite wait-and-see proposition.
Factional fighting between Tamil and
Sinhalese troops in the area has forced
Laquian and his colleagues to communicate with Jaffna partners through the
International Red Cross.
"We will stay away from t here for the
time being, but when circumstances allow we'll make our move into Jaffna,"
said Laquian. Meanwhile, courses can be
started at the university's Vavuniya campus outside the bombed-out peninsula.
A graduate curriculum would emphasize environmental sustainability,
gender and development, basic human
needs and rights, democracy and good
Specific initiatives will be focused on
development in the southern regions of
the island around the city of Kandy and
the nation's capital, Colombo.
Laquian said one of the project's two
proposed field studios will look at how
best to deal with the ramshackle, squatter communities which have sprung up
around Colombo since the civil war
started a decade ago. This problem will
be looked at in the context ofthe government's stalled "million homes program"
which was launched at the outbreak of
Another field studio will look at eco-
tourism as a viable economic option with
no ecological cost.
Laquian said the country's game parks,
complete with wild elephants and water
buffalo, have been sadly neglected due to
the central government's preoccupation
with civil unrest.
Penny Gurstein, an assistant professor with the Centre for Human Settle
ments and the School of Community and
Regional Planning (SCARP), will lead
project efforts to mobilize Sri Lankan
women in the planning process.
"We want to make planners aware of
how to integrate women's concerns into
the planning process," said Gurstein.
Laquian said the first order of business will be to conduct a comprehensive
assessment of educational and training
needs. Short-term training programs on
modern planning approaches will also be
offered to practising planners.
By 2001, Laquian said at least 40
practising community and regional planners will have benefitted from two-week
training programs conducted by SCARP
and the Centre for Human Settlements.
Other project goals include: having at
least three graduate students from the
three Sri Lankan universities finish a
master's degree from SCARP; having two
Canadian professors — collaborating with
at least six Sri Lankan colleagues, two
Canadian graduate students and 12 Sri
Lankan graduate students—conduct two
planning projects emphasizing participatory planning techniques; and formulating a full curriculum for a graduate
diploma in community and regional planning for Sri Lanka's three universities.
The Sri Lankan project was developed
while Prof. Barrie Morrison and Prof.
Nancy Waxier-Morrison were in Sri Lanka
on a one-year sabbatical.
Morrison, with the Centre for India
and South Asia Research in UBC's Institute of Asian Research, and Prof. Bill
Rees, SCARP director, are among the
project's other principal investigators.
said Morin. were well below the standard
of most Tanzanian health care facilities.
"We found that our feelings reallv
changed during the time we spent at the
hospital." Morin said. The morale of hospital staff was very low and the health care
workers were often not very effective. We
found it particularly hard to stand by and
watch patients die when we felt there was
a lot we could do. But we had to concede at
times to their cultural traditions."
In spite o( the range of problems they
encountered, both Morin and Fraser said
it was a great learning experience. As
nursing students educated in a western
university, they had the opportunity to
put into practice what they had learned,
and to learn from that experience and
from the staff at the hospital who worked
largely without the assistance of sophisticated technology.
"We found our basic assessment skills
improved a lot because of the lack of
resources. We learned a lot from the Tanzanian nurses in that area." said Fraser.
Fraser and Morin were also invited
regularly to the local nursing school and
later saw students there using some of
the assessment techniques they had demonstrated while visiting the school.
Both students said experiences outside the hospital left the greatest impression on them. Morin cited a visit to a
home in which eight family members
were severely infested with scabies, a
highly communicable skin disease. One
child had died earlier of complications
related to secondary infection and some
family members were unable to stand
due to painful sores. The pair treated the
family, boiled their clothes and prescribed
ointments and antibiotics.
When they returned a week later, they
were surprised to find the family had
taken their advice, acquired medication
and were in considerably better health.
"We were very happy to see such immediate evidence that something we had
done had actually helped people," Morin
Fraser and Morin also accompanied
MacLeod on working visits to villages in
the area, where they held medical clinics
for local residents.
"We were really well received in these
villages," said Morin. "And the challenges
and rewards of assessing and treating
people in those conditions is something
that I couldn't have imagined without
experiencing it."
The students stayed in a guest house
in Bagamoyo where they estimate their
cost of living was about $3 per day including accommodation, food and employing
a cook to prepare it. Living conditions
took some getting used to, but a busy
schedule meant they didn't spend much
time at their guest house.
"We had scorpions in our bedroom,
cockroaches in the bathroom and rats in
the kitchen, but once you get used to it.
it's not really a problem," Fraser said.
"We realized through this experience
the importance of entering into situations
with an open mind. We went into it with
certain expectations and were shocked
and surprised by what we encountered,"
she said. "For that reason, it's important to
be adaptable and patient."
Since 1988, 18 UBC students have
carried out nursing studies in a number
of developing countries including St. Vincent, Botswana, Brazil, Thailand, Nepal,
Pakistan, Zaire, Tanzania, the Dominican Republic and Kenya.
'Through this experience in developing nations, students begin to appreciate
the issues of primary health care and
development, and the factors that determine health in all societies," said Assoc.
Prof. Donelda Parker, course adviser for
Nursing 408. 'They develop cultural sensitivity and communication, learn self
reliance, and improve their health-related assessment skills." 6 UBC Reports • December 12, 1996
News Digest
The Forestry Undergraduate Society is once again selling
Christmas trees at the Canada Safeway store on West 10th Ave.
at Tolmie St. until Dec. 20. The trees are Douglas Fir cut from
under power lines in the Kootenays and sell for $ 10. Proceeds go
to the society.
• • • • •
Incumbents Brian Evans and George McLauglin were recently re-elected to the board ofthe UBC Staff Pension Plan for
a two-year term. McLaughlin, head electrician in Plant Operations, received 515 votes. Evans, electronic services manager at
TRIUMF, received 460. There are eight directors on the Pension
Board, four appointed by UBCs Board of Governors and four
elected by plan members. There are more than 5.000 plan
Medical research
to bridge Pacific
UBC's Faculty of Medicine has
entered into a joint research program with the Faculty of Medicine
at the University of Hong Kong.
The two faculties will work together as equal partners to develop at least two major medical
research centres which will have
aunlfied leadership, mission and
objectives even though the researchers are an ocean apart.
'This joint research program
is another example ofthe special
relationship UBC has with the
nations of the Far East." said
Faculty of Medicine Dean Dr.
John Cairns. "It offers both universities an opportunity for research, cultural and economic
growth. Our level of excitement
is high as we embark on this
joint venture."
The first centres will focus their
research on the neurosciences
and cardiovascular medicine.
Future centres may include
areas which are currently being
developed through the UBC faculty's Medicine 2000 plan, such
as molecular biology and genetics, child development, cancer
research and health care evaluation and planning.
Project development teams
drawn from both schools will create proposals outlining how to
best collaborate on the centres.
Combining and expanding
these efforts will give both
Canada and Hong Kong increased international prominence in medical research.
The transfer of Hong Kong to
China next June will allow the
medical schools to jointly expand their efforts more easily to
medical research centres in
Shanghai and Beijing.
Development proposals will be
used as a basis for fund development to finance the centres both
in Hong Kong and Canada. It is
expected that each centre will
seek funding of $25-30 million.
Catch Father Bauer
Classic Dec. 28-30
The Thunderbird hockey
team will see out 1996 with the
annual Father Bauer Classic
tournament, while the men's
basketball team welcomes the
newyear with a four-team tournament.
The Father Bauer
Classic is an annual
UBC hockey tournament  featuring  the
Thunderbirds    and
teams from the University of Toronto, the
Southern Alberta Institute of Technology
and the University of Alberta.
The tournament is named after
Father David Bauer, the former
chaplain of St. Mark's College
who  coached   the   1962-63
Thunderbird hockey team. The
team formed the nucleus of the
1964 Olympic team. The tournament takes place on Dec. 28
- 30 at the Thunderbird Winter
Sports Centre with face-off
times at 4:00 p.m. and 7:30
p.m. each day.
The Thunderbird men's basketball team usher in the new
year with a tournament Jan. 3-
4. The T-Birds take on
Central  Washington
University,     Simon
Fraser University and
the University of Victoria. Tip-off times are
5:30 p.m. and 7:30 p.m.
on  Saturday and   12
p.m.   and  2  p.m.  on
Sunday in War Memorial Gym.
The Thunderbird women's
basketball team takes on Japan's national team, Wednesday, Jan. 8 at 7 p.m. in War
Memorial Gym.
For information on ticket
prices and game times, call 822-
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Bio statistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the January 9, 1997 issue of UBC Reports is noon, December 30.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutes
to UBC. On main bus routes. Close
to shops and restaurants. Inc. TV,
tea and coffee making, private
phone/fridge. Weekly rates
available. Tel: 222-3461. Fax:222-
Warm hospitality awaits you at
this centrally located view home.
Large ensuite rooms with TV,
phone, tea and coffee making
facilities. Full breakfast. Close
UBC, downtown, bus routes. 3466
W. 15th Ave. Tel/fax-737-2526.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S      BY      UBC      B&B.
Comfortable and relaxing
accommodation close to UBC in
quiet area. Quality breakfasts,
queen-sized beds, private bath
available. Satisfaction is assured
for your friends or professional
guests. Reasonable rates. 222-
perfect solution. Walk Kits beach.
Continental breakfast, private
entrance, ensuite bath, TV in
every room. King or queen beds.
2142/2146 West 1 st Ave. 739-3342
(phone/fax). mickeys@direct.ca.
6th. Heritage House, antiques,
wood floors, original stained glass.
Ten minutes UBC and downtown.
Two blocks from restaurants,
buses. Scrumptious full breakfasts.
Entertaining cats. Views. Phones
in rooms. Call (604)739-9002. E-
VanEast. From Jan. 15/97
(quarterly). 1BR $550/mo +
deposit. Ensuite w/d, FP, alarm,
patio/deck, tennis/park. 7 mins
to DT, Fem/sgl parent/homestay
ideal. N/S/neat/quiet. Refs. pis.
TOWNHOUSE 3 bedrooms, 2
bathrooms, sauna, fireplace,
newly furnished. Ideal for small
family. Near village. 5 mins. to
sports centre. NS. Phone 925-
1048. Fax 261-6092.
SUITE, private entrance.
Furnished, for one person, HW,
W/D, N/S, and N/P. Refs. $900 per
month. Tel. 224-9319. Fax 224-
furnished apt. at Hampton PI. 10
min. walk/2 min. bus to UBC.
Loaded with amenities. Jan-
Dec/97 flexible. $1500-$1700/m.
Raymond 224-0978.
RENT. 1 bedroom, Beach Avenue
by English Bay. Partial view
mountains and water, near
Stanley Park. Furnished. Available
7 Jan. to 30 April. $750 include,
utilities, cable. Phone 687-4008
(Vancouver), 384-7473 (Victoria)
basement suite. Knotty cedar
living room. Furnished. Washer/
dryer, hydro, cable included.
South Granville. Parking, or easy
access to bus to UBC. $700/
month, flexible. Call 261-7153.
three minutes from campus,
across Gage Towers. Private
entrance. All utilities. No smoking
or pets. Suitable for married
couple. Fax: 224-5370. Phone
between 9-10am 224-5373. $750/
(    Housing Wasted
employed, SF. Would sublet or
rent. Many refs. available. $500-
$600, preferWestend or Westside.
Call Michele 732-9542.
need independent assistance in
selecting the most appropriate
UBC Faculty pension or
retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP at 687-7526 for more
information. independent
financial advice for faculty
members since 1982.
Point Grey, specialising in home
repairs and installations. Twenty
years experience. Can fix
anything (almost). Reasonable.
References. Free estimates. Call
Brian 733-3171.
DESIGNER Full figure fashion,
wedding apparel, dresses, suits,
slacks, blouses, assorted fabrics,
draperies, nursing uniforms, hotel
apparel, texan design,
alterations, slacks hemmed $2.99,
jeans $ 1.99. 10059 136A St., Town
Square, Surrey. 583-4448.
OF TUSCANY. Participate in a
Tuscan cooking class, visit
medieval villages, and join us for
local wine tasting celebrations.
Departs June and September
1997. $3,950. Includes everything
except T.I.C. insurance and tax.
Ask Open Road Travel for a
brochure. Call 732-9559 or e-mail:
For Sale
Extension table, 6 upholstered
chairs. Buffet and hutch. $2500
OBO, Call 261-4998.
Next ad deadline:
noon, Dec. 30
people interested in science or
nature are meeting through a
nationwide network. Contact us
for info: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, ON
N0A 1N0; e-mail
1-800-667-5179. UBC Reports • December 12, 1996 7
Craig Wardman
shows off The
Track Shredder, a
vehicle powered by
a cordless drill
motor, a bicycle
chain drive and
spiked wheels. The
vehicle emerged
the winner among
23 vehicles
competing in a
engineering class
competition. The
objective was to
push a cart filled
with ping pong
balls to the end of
a track while
ensuring the
opponent is unable
to do the same.
Team members, all
in a second-year
design course
taught by Don
McAdam, included
Wardman, Mike
Cichy, Charlie Lee,
Kevin Rush, Mana
Shirazi-Kia, and
Aki Takahashi.
Stephen Forgoes pho
Campus works
Environmental Services
Chemicals transformed
from waste to wealth
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Efforts to reuse and reclaim chemicals used on campus are saving the university thousands
of dollars annually and preventing hundreds of kilograms of hazardous waste from heading for
For several years, the university's Environmental Services Facility has been recovering
photochemicals used in campus darkrooms, as well as solvents used in experiments and
procedures in labs and at Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre's university site. A
chemical exchange program developed in 1995 is ensuring many chemicals that might otherwise be disposed of are available for reuse.
The chemicals are processed in a variety of ways, depending on the level of contamination and
the type of chemical. Certain hazardous wastes are forwarded to a waste disposal company, some
materials are neutralized at UBC before being disposed of, and an increasing amount and range
of chemicals are either recovered or simply made available for use by others on campus.
Ron Aamodt, a technician at the Environmental Services Facility, said many labs on campus
will periodically forward surplus or outdated chemicals to the facility. Aamodt regularly circulates an inventory list to campus lab managers who, if Aamodt has what they require, can
obtain chemicals for free from the facility rather than going to an outside supplier.
In 1995 approximately 700 kilograms of hazardous materials destined for disposal were
processed through the exchange program. The solvent recovery program, which deals with
methanol, ethanol, acetone, acetonitrile. xylene and dichloromethane, nearly doubled its
production level from 250 litres per month in December 1994 to 400 litres per month in
December 1995.
"What we are aiming to do is target departments or labs that have a waste stream where
there is very little contamination." Aamodt said. "What we have to do is to snoop around and
ask people in different labs what kind of a waste stream the lab is generating and then recover
as much as we can."
A program to treat and recover photographic waste solutions has also been very successful.
Prior to the establishment of the program, all photographic waste on campus was disposed of.
Now it is estimated that the majority of photographic waste generated at UBC is handled by the
facility. Silver recovered from the solutions is collected regularly by an outside company that
compensates the university for the material's value less processing costs.
Waste processing facility technician Bang Dang is also working with a fourth-year engineering student to broaden the recovery program's capabilities.
Through solvent recovery, photo waste treatment, chemical exchange and neutralization, the
university's chemical waste programs generated nearly $17,000 in revenue and savings in 1995.
The revenue was generated through sales of the solvents and silver recovered, while substantial savings — nearly $12,000 — were generated through reduced disposal costs thanks to
the neutralization and exchange programs.
The facility's chemical inventory list and further information on environmental programs at
UBC are available on the Internet at http://www.safety.ubc.ca/envprog/env.htm.
by staff writers
Shannon von Kaldenberg is UBC's new director of
development. Von Kaldenberg has an 18-year record in
fund raising, strategic planning, human resource
development and communications.
Prior to joining UBC, von Kaldenberg was vice-president.
Western Region, for Ketchum
Canada. She has also served
as executive director of the
Vancouver Hospital and
Health Sciences Centre
Foundation, as director of
Public and Investor Relations
and Chief Donations Officer
of Central Capital Corporation, as regional director of
the Canadian Red Cross
Society (B.C. and Yukon
Division), and as director of
development with the United
Way ofthe I^ower Mainland.
During her term as
director of development.
United Way raised $17
million annually. The Lower
Mainland campaign was the
third largest United Way campaign in Canada with more
than 5,000 volunteers and 20 full-time staff. Von Kaldenberg
is credited with the development of ground-breaking campaign techniques which are now used across Canada and
form a key part of basic and advanced fund-raising courses
offered by United Way of Canada.
During the course of her career, she has served as
national secretary, western regional representative, and
national cabinet member ofthe Association of Health Care
Philanthropy, and as a board member of IMAGINE.
von Kaldenberg
Project aims to close
doctor-patient gap
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
A new project at UBC aims to
bring doctors and patients together to take a shared role in
making decisions about medical care.
Called Informed Shared Decision Making, the project will train
physician-patient teaching teams
and create educational packages
on communication skills, critical
evaluation of research evidence
and decision making for physicians, patients and undergraduate medical students.
Research shows that patients
who take a more active role and
have more information about their
illness, respond better to treatment
which may result in less demand
on scarce health care dollars.
"Patients need to be informed,
and physicians need to know
how to help their patients become informed," said project
head William Godolphin, a professor in the Dept. of Pathology
and Laboratory Medicine.
Godolphin said the project is a
reflection of several trends: greater
interest in health promotion, people taking more responsibility for
their own health care, and a
changing environment for doctors in which the traditional, paternalistic model of medicine is
giving way to a more consumer-
oriented attitude.
Most complaints made against
physicians—80 per cent of those
heard by the College of Physicians
and Surgeons—arise from a lack of
communication, he added.
Physicians often think they give
more information than they actually do, and patients often do not
know the right questions to ask.
In part, this stems from the
physician-oriented communications skills taught in medical
schools, such as how to break
bad news or obtain useful information from reticent patients.
"What we are talking about is
a higher range of communications skills: decision-making
aids, assessment of risk, giving
patients access to information
and helping them assess it by
making it more meaningful to
them." Godolphin said.
He gave the example of a male
patient suffering from mild hypertension. His doctor could prescribe medication that helps some
patients, but not all, decrease
their chances of suffering a stroke.
However, some treatments carry
a risk of impotence.
'That kind of question ought
to involve a patient's choice, his
feelings about risk-taking and
what things in life are valuable to
him. It ought not to be only the
physician's values that determine
what the treatment will be."
The project will teach physicians how to assess patients'
cultural, social, economic circumstances and their willingness to take risks, help patients
to weigh the evidence of risks
and benefits in relation to their
values, and how to then work in
partnership to reach a decision
about what should be done.
As well, the project team is
involving patients, advocacy and
community groups, patient associations and agencies involved
in patient education.
'The patient can be a powerful
agent for change of physician's
behavior," Godolphin said.
Based in the Office ofthe Coordinator of Health Sciences.
Division of Educational Support
and Development, the project is
currently funded by grants from
the B.C. Medical Services Foundation, administered by the Vancouver Foundation, and UBC's
Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund. 8 UBC Reports • December 12, 1996
Kudos in Cuba
Susan Butt's theories are gold to Cuba's athletes
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Druguse, temper tantrums, trash-
talking  multimillionaires,   pre-
pubescent girls chewed up and
spit out by an uncaring system.
Welcome to the dysfunctional world of
For 30 years Susan Butt, an associate
professor in the Psychology Dept.. has
advocated a better way to train and motivate elite athletes—a more constructive
model that could reduce some of the
Olympian excesses that plague professional and high-level amateur sport.
In her seminal book. Psychology of
Sport: the Behaviour, Motivation. Personality and Performance of Athletes, she
argued that reinforcing feelings of competence and co-operation in athletes is a
better motivator than promoting aggression and competition. This would not
only improve the psychological well-being of athletes, but enhance their performance as well.
Although the book has been in print
for 20 years and gone through several
editions and translations, she has often
felt like a voice crying in the wilderness.
But when she was invited to give a
keynote address at the 30th annual Sports
Medicine Congress last month in Havana, she discovered someone had been
listening after all.
Her work is an integral part of training
in what is arguably the world's most
successful Olympic program—Cuba's.
A relatively small and impoverished
island nation (that does have, however, a
98 per cent literacy rate), Cuba won 25
medals, nine of them gold, at the summer
Olympics in Atlanta. That put them ninth
overall in the medals standings, ahead of
larger and richer countries like Britain,
Spain, Japan and Canada. And on a per
capita basis, it gave them more medals
than anyone else in the world.
During her visit. Butt was treated royally by the head of Cuba's sports psychology department, who pulled from his
shelves most of her articles, even those
from obscure journals. At meetings he
pointed out his former students, who
now work all over Latin America, and told
her they all use her theories.
"I'm not vain enough to think that
their success is all due to the application
of my theories," Butt said, "but they're
doing everything right for these athletes,
so it's no surprise to me that they've done
so well."
Butt's theories had their genesis on
Gavin Wilson photo
Co-operation and a sense of competence have more to do with athletic
achievement than aggression and competition says sports psychologist
Susan Butt. Her theories have been adopted wholeheartedly by Cuban
coaches, who despite having fewer resources, are turning out top Olympic
the clay and grass courts of the world's
premier tennis tournaments. In her late
teens and early 20s, she was on the
professional tennis circuit.
As Canada's number one ranked women's player, she competed all over the
world—Europe, Australia, South America,
the U.S. Nationals and centre court at
Wimbledon. She was captain of Canada's
team in the Federation Cup, the top international tennis tournament for women.
What she saw there convinced
her there were serious problems in competitive sport. And
although she did not at first plan to
specialize in sports psychology, after completing her PhD in psychology at the
University of Chicago, she found herself
inevitably drawn in that direction as one
of her interests.
Her major contribution to the field is a
set of measurement scales that gauge
how athletes feel about their performance. It is based on five motivations:
aggression, conflict (a state which can
lead to feelings of guilt, listlessness, confusion and nervousness), competence,
competition and co-operation.
While some degree of aggression and
competition is highly desirable in an athlete. Butt feels they receive far too much
"If an athlete is to have the greatest
chance of fulfilling their potential, they
are best served by higher scores on cooperation and competence. In North
America, many coaches would like to see
their athletes score higher on the aggressive and competitive ends of the scale,
and I've long argued against that," she
Athletes will perform better and have
longer, happier and healthier
careers if they display such cooperative traits as helping others improve their game and sharing responsibility for team failure. Also important is
the motivation of competence, in which
athletes report they feel confident and
pleased with their abilities and accomplishments.
Athletes with this outlook are more
likely to value the internal rewards of
sports, such as self-esteem and a sense of
identity, rather than the external awards
of money, status and attention-seeking.
Butt said her theories are often misunderstood.
"I'm not against having a contest, but
there are betterways of approaching competition. 1 recently saw (tennis stars) Boris
Becker and Pete Sampras throw their
arms around each other at the end of a
match. They're extremely competitive, but
they like each other and realize that
without excellence to compete against,
they can't show their own excellence."
In her clinical practice. Butt has seen
elite athletes and performers who are
stressed out and have neurotic styles.
They may be aggressive and angry with
officials, opponents and even their teammates.
Neither do these athletes trust their
coaches, who thev often feel are using
them to.satisfy their own vanity instead ol
developing their athlete's skills.
The result can be shortened careers
and athletes who fail to reach their potential.
"We often waste our elite athletes,"
Butt said. "We throw them into the dust
bin when their careers are over."
The Cubans, in contrast, build a family-style atmosphere within their sports
programs. Loyalty and trust are emphasized and athletes maintain good relations with the team years after they have
finished their careers.
All the more remarkable in a program that downplays aggression
and competitiveness, the Cubans'
best results are in sports that pit athletes
one-on-one in ritualized battle: boxing,
wrestling, fencing and judo.
In boxing, especially, the Cubans are a
world power, winning seven medals, four
of them gold, in Atlanta.
"Look at this," Butt said, holding up
the profile of the Cuban Olympic boxing
team. "Conflict, 2.1 (out of 10): aggression, 3.5; competition, 4.8: co-operation,
7.8: competence, 7.9. Ifyou showed many
Canadian coaches these scores, they
wouldn't believe them.
"But a boxer can't go into the ring and
just be aggressive. He can't flail around.
He has to use his skill in the sport and be
fully in control to do well."
Butt quotes from the autobiography of
Emmitt Smith, the Dallas Cowboys' star
running back: "'Every so often, if an athlete is lucky, he meets an older man who
makes him a better man.™
"Note what he is saying: If a man is
lucky, once in his lifetime he may meet an
older man whom he can trust and will
understand him."
"He was talking about one coach he
had in high school," Butt said, holding up
a finger for emphasis. "The Cubans have
all kinds of people like that."
Perhaps one day the North American
sports establishment will get the message. For now, however. Butt is pleased
that at least one corner of the world is


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