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Array THE  UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
UBC
VOLUME   53   I   NUMBER   2   I   FEBRUARY   1,   2007
UBC REPORTS
2 VALENTINE'S PLAYLIST
3 WHAT'S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT?
SMOKING DADS
5 A PAIN TO BE PERFECT
7 STUDENT BEATS ODDS
Defying a Victorian Sexual Script
By Lorraine Chan
Love, sex, marriage and babies
have shaped human lives
through the ages.
But in the past century, we've
seen huge shifts that challenge
this script, says Asst. Prof.
Nathan Lauster, a sociologist
who teaches at the UBC School
of Social Work and Family
Studies.
Lauster posits that two sexual
revolutions have taken place
across the course of the 20th
century, and we're still living in
the wake of those changes today,
some countries moving more
quickly than others.
In Sweden, for example, liberal
sex attitudes mean that parents
often permit their teenagers
overnight guests. In contrast,
27 per cent of Americans
believe that pre-marital sex is
"always wrong," according
to a 1998 survey by National
Opinion Research Centre at the
University of Chicago. Canadian
views on pre-marital sex fall
somewhere between those of the
U.S. and Sweden, says Lauster.
A demographer, Lauster tracks
the pivotal periods of sexual
revolution through census data.
Recently, he analyzed U.S. census
figures between 1880 and 2000,
specifically the marriage and
childbearing statistics for young
women in their 20s and early 30s.
Nathan Lauster defines sexual revolutionaries as women who challenge the trinity of marriage, sex and childbearing.
Women who defied the
mores of their time were the
"revolutionaries," says Lauster.
They resisted the standards of
sexual propriety used "to separate
bad people from good people.
"According to the Victorian
sexual script, marriage was
strongly linked to procreation,"
he says. "I'm looking at women
who break the link between sex,
marriage and childbearing and
make sexual behaviour public
by being wives without children
or being mothers without ever
marrying."
Lauster says the first sexual
revolution started during the
1920s and peaked during the
30s. "That's when you see a
strong challenge to the trinity
of marriage, sexual experience
and childbearing. Young married
women were pushing the
boundaries by taking control, by
saying, 'I'm having sex, but not
having children.'"
Sifting through decades of
statistics, Lauster compares
metropolitan and non-
metroplitan populations, black
and white populations and the
populations of four metropolitan
areas - Boston, Richmond, VA,
Indianapolis and San Francisco.
Between 1880 and 1940,
census records show the
proportion of married women
without children nearly doubled,
rising from 16 per cent to 30
per cent for white women aged
25-29. Patterns for black women
during this period are broadly
similar, with the proportion of
married women without children
more than doubling during this
period, to a high of 42 per cent.
"Non-procreative sex gained
more public prominence,
following a rise in the
acceptability of 'companionate
marriages' especially in
metropolitan areas," says
S     Lauster. "This makes sense
f     for a variety of reasons. New
s     work opportunities, new social
o    movements and the availability
of contraceptives would impact
women living in large cities more
than rural areas."
And because these women
were on average more educated
than the rest of the population,
they wielded enough power
to usher in greater public
acceptance of contraceptives.
He says the second and more
commonly described period of
sexual revolution started in the
1960s and continues into the
continued on page 3
Love Songs 101:
The Musical Formula for Valentine's Day
Today's love songs wed desire, irony and stereotypes, says UBC pop culture expert Gisele Baxter.
By Basil Waugh
Love songs amplify first kisses,
console us through break-ups
and soundtrack all the romantic
highs and lows in between.
They can be sexed-up slow
jams, country-tinged tearjerkers
or multi-octaved torrents
of romantic devotion, but
according to UBC pop culture
expert Gisele Baxter, they are
just different expressions of our
fundamental need for love and
companionship.
"If we were purely biological
creatures and mated like cats
and dogs, we would have no
need for love songs," says Baxter,
Sessional Lecturer in the Dept.
of English. "But since we're not,
we use love songs to articulate
our desires and ideals of love and
romance."
Like trying to describe
romantic chemistry between
two people, defining what
constitutes a good love song
can be something of a mystery.
While people generally fall
into two camps - those who
prefer song lyrics and those
whose allegiances fall to melody
and rhythm - Baxter says we
embrace the songs that either
convey our individual fancies
or serendipitously soundtrack
key perceptual changes in
relationships and our lives.
"We gravitate towards songs
that say what we wish we
could say, or what we'd like to
hear ourselves," says Baxter.
"But we also adopt songs that
may not even be considered
conventionally romantic, because
they are playing during our big
romantic scenes."
Commenting on performers
such as Britney Spears, Gwen
Stefani and Justin Timberlake,
Baxter says today's love songs
generally express a complex
mix of traditional gender and
relationship stereotypes and
irony that, together, reflect
North America's current cultural
climate.
"Music is always a reflection
of the times," says Baxter,
referring to the contrast between
traditional family values and
celebrity culture in the U.S.
"It is difficult to take Britney
Spears' idealized love songs
seriously," Baxter says, when
she is dumping her husband in
text messages and flashing the
paparazzi. "There is this built-in
element of camp."
In the future, Baxter says
love songs, like pop-culture
in general, will continue to
be self-referential, with artists
sampling older material for
new songs. Some taboos remain
that are likely to be broken on
the airwaves, she adds. "It may
seem like we have exhausted all
boundaries to transgress, but it
is likely that there is still room to
continued on page 2 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     FEBRUARY    I,    2007
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LOVE SONGS continued from page 1
move in terms of explicitly erotic
content and representations of
gay and lesbian relationships."
To illustrate the enduring
power of love songs, Baxter
points to the 2003 film Lost in
Translation, starring Bill Murray
and Scarlett Johansson. In one
scene, a group of people in a
Tokyo karaoke bar perform
hilarious approximations of
punk classics.
"Slowly we realize that
something is going on between
Johansson's and Murray's
characters," Baxter says. "They
start exchanging love songs - she
the Pretenders' song Brass in
Pocket, he Roxy Music's More
Than This - and there is this
frisson that something new is
happening. They are singing for
the group of friends but also
for each other. It's a profoundly
romantic moment." 13
Valentine*
Playlist
Public Displays of Affection
While love songs have long since
crossed over to film and television,
UBC lecturer Gisele Baxter
says they are now proliferating
in interactive forums such as
YouTube and karaoke bars, which
give listeners the venue to perform
their favourites.
"In a way, when you do these
things you are saying, 'this song
has great meaning for me and
I would like the opportunity to
communicate it,'" she says. "Or of
course you are just having a laugh."
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Gisele Baxter-Sessional Lecturer, English
Ring of Fire, byjohnny and June Carter Cash
"It's very simple, but it gets to the point. It has a wonderful metaphor and it speaks to the level of
desire and commitment that people idealize in relationships. Plus, I saw June Carter performing
it past the age of/o on the Letterman Show in a black mini-skirt and looking fantastic, so it has
longevity as well."
Tim Ling-3rd year, Economics/Statistics,
Any song by Cantopop divajoey Yung
"My favorite love songs are all in Cantonese - especially the one by Joey
Yung about 'hidingaway.' In English, I suppose my favorite is Smack That
by Akon - but I guess it's more about the sex side of love."
Anastasia Sribnaia - 2nd year, Microbiology
Harvest Moon, Neil Young
"If there's a man out there who wants to marry me, he better start learning this song. It was definitely
a post-break-up song first, but it's also been there for the good times."
Alissa Von Mala - 2nd Year, Psychology
Do You Realize, The Flaming Lips
"I like the entire song but especially the line, 'Do you realize that you
have the most beautiful face.' I'm not sure if it's a love song but I love it.'
Oscar Nunez - 2nd Year, Sociology
Something About Us, by Daft Punk
"It'sa really good, slow electronic song. There's this great lyric that gets
repeated: 'it might not be the right time, I might not be the right one, but there's something
about us.'"
Marcello Landaverde - 2nd year, Political Science
La Malaguena, by Latin folk singer Salomon Flores
"This is a Mahachi song about a guy being in love with a girl from the
upper crust. I guess good love songs are the ones that say what you want
to hear."
Lisa Allyn - istyear, Science
Listen, by Beyonce
"I'm not sure if this is a love song but it's about communication in relationships and just saying what
you need to say. Her voice is amazing - it really makes you feel something."
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with the appropriate FSC logo. What's love
got to do
with it?
By Bud Mortenson
Tina Turner's 1984 chart-
smashing song asked a good
question: What's love got to do
with it?
Sex, that is.
Nancy Netting, Assoc. Prof,
of Sociology at UBC Okanagan,
has been asking that question
on campuses for decades now.
And she's finding some intriguing
answers.
She led a 20-year study
of sexual behaviour among
students at the former Okanagan
University College in Kelowna,
B.C. That work revealed some
positive trends in student sexual
behaviour, but the most recent
analysis goes even further - it's
beginning to reveal the role love
plays in a young person's decisions
about sex and relationships.
"Most students now question
potential partners about their
past, use condoms with a new
sexual partner, and maintain
fairly long-term monogamous
relationships," says Netting, who
surveyed students at the former
college campus in Kelowna - now
UBC's Okanagan campus - in
1980, 1990 and 2000.
"Throughout these two
decades, there was a steady
increase in the commitment level
of students' premarital sexual
relationships," Netting says.
"The proportion of committed
relationships rose and casual sex
declined. While males continued
to have more casual sex than
females, the trend toward more
serious relationships was very
clear for both sexes."
She emphasizes that the findings
from her surveys in the Okanagan
have proven very consistent with
similar surveys of students across
Canada and the United States.
The surveys identified three
distinct sexual subcultures, which
Netting says coexist in fairly stable
proportions: celibacy (about 30
per cent), monogamy (about 60
per cent), and free experimentation
(about 10 per cent).
"Each subculture has created
UBC    REPORTS     |     FEBRUARY    I,    2007     |     3
PHOTO: ©iStockphoto/GlobalP
its own response to the danger of
HIV/AIDS," she says. "Celibates
exaggerate the danger they face,
monogamists rely on love and
fidelity for protection, and free
experimenters have increased
their use of condoms."
Netting and her research
colleague, Matthew Burnett, now
a PhD candidate at the University
of Saskatchewan, hope to present
their latest analysis at a national
sociology conference in summer
2007.
"We're exploring the role
of love in students' sexual
decisions," says Netting. "We are
still going through the 2000 data,
and we really don't know if these
are subcultures of belief as well as
subcultures of behaviour.
"We found that the
monogamous individuals
believed in love and acted on
that belief. And the other two
groups - the celibates and the free
experimenters - each had a core
of people who really believed in
what they were doing, but they
were a minority. Most people were
interested in a stable relationship
with one partner. It may be that,
in their hearts, most people in
every group believe in love."
For celibates, opportunities
for sex might not be present, or
there may be strong beliefs that
support abstaining from sex. Or
they might be waiting for love.
For free experimenters, it might
be that love is rare while sex is
easy to find.
"A number of guidelines float
around in our culture," says
Netting, citing phrases - themes
- people use to justify their
behaviour. For example: Love
conquers all. When you find your
true love, you'll know it. Love
hurts. Be careful who you trust.
Sex is a gift to give to a friend.
Sex is just a game.
"There are many of these
themes out there and, depending
on your life circumstances, you
activate some of them at one time
in your life, some at other times,"
she says. "They get us through
the ups and downs of finding a
partner and keeping that person
close. Students connect the
chapters and eventually settle
down to their lives, finding
patterns that make sense to
them," says Netting.
She hopes to learn how
individuals reconcile opposing
themes - for example themes
that support celibacy and free
experimentation - as they move
from one subculture to another,
and she looks forward to
advancing the research in 2010
to reveal even more about sexual
subcultures.
"If we could put this idea of
three subcultures - each with its
unique themes and beliefs - into
our education programs, it would
make those programs more
effective."
Netting notes that many in the
monogamous subculture believe
monogamy protects them from
sexually transmitted diseases.
"Youth are relying on love to
be safe," she says. "They think
love will protect them from
disease. But they must keep
in mind that even if they're
completely faithful now, they still
might be infecting their partner
unknowingly."
While romantic feelings lead
many monogamous couples
to abandon condoms without
objective HIV/AIDS knowledge,
free experimenters still face the
highest risk, Netting says.
"Although they now use
condoms more than half the time,
their lifestyle - which involves
multiple partners, risky sexual
acts, and frequent drug or alcohol
use - clearly remains dangerous,"
she says. 13
SEXUAL SCRIPT continued from page 1
21st century. "This
time, both the bonds
between sex and
childbearing and the
bonds between sex
and marriage are
broken."
However, the
second revolution
is still being contested in the
U.S. "There's a segment of the
population that still believes sex
should be both heterosexual and
confined to marriage."
Lauster attributes this to what
is often called a "puritan strain of
thought" in the U.S., most visible
among conservative, religious and
Republican coalitions. Because
of their political clout, these
voters can lobby for stricter
anti-abortion laws or
' banning sex education in
public schools.
Lauster's next step
will be to conduct a
comparative study
between the U.S., Canada
and Sweden. "A starting point
would be to look at why the
sexual revolution has been so
successful in its first and second
waves in Sweden."
He contends that a more open
society brings benefits, such as
lower rates of teen pregnancy
and sexually transmitted diseases.
"One reason why the U.S. has
more than double the rate of teen
pregnancy of most other Western
nations could be that sex is seen
as something bad, so you don't
prepare teens for it."
A 2001 study in Family
Planning Perspectives journal
reported that the teenage
pregnancy rate in Sweden is 25
per 1,000 women (aged 15-19), in
comparison to 46 in Canada and
84 in the U.S.
UBC School of Social Work
and Family Studies invites you
to visit its new research forum
at: http://weblogs.elearning.ubc.
calf am ilyresearch blog/13
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Cutting out for baby needs a gender-sensitive approach, say UBC smoking-cessation researchers.
By Hilary Thomson
With files from Mary Kelly
Smoking can be harmful to your
baby. It's a familiar phrase but
does it only apply to women?
Not so, says a group of
UBC researchers exploring the
thoughts and behaviours of new
fathers who smoke, in the hopes
of encouraging more men to butt
out.
In the only such study in
Canada, preliminary findings
show that new dads have largely
dodged the pressure to quit,
but are running out of places to
smoke. Many can be found in
the last smoker-friendly frontier
- their cars.
"Despite social pressure on
women to quit, new fathers
have been left relatively free to
continue smoking," says John
Oliffe, co-principal investigator
and an assistant professor in
UBC's School of Nursing. "We're
interested in learning how men's
reluctance to quit is tied in to a
traditional masculine image of
risk-taker and role of protector
and provider. We've found that
vehicles that take men to work,
or are used directly in men's
work, are key to those roles."
Along with co-principal
investigator Joan Bottorff, the
team has interviewed 25 new
fathers ranging in age from 22-
50, who have smoked various
amounts daily. Most had tried
to quit. All participants are
from the Lower Mainland
and represent many cultural
backgrounds, including South
Asian, Middle Eastern and
Eastern European. The men are
interviewed at the time of their
baby's birth and within the next
six months.
A unique aspect of the
research, launched in September
2005, is that participants are
encouraged to take pictures
of where they smoke, as a
springboard to discussion.
When researchers reviewed the
photos, which include apartment
balconies and back yards, many
revealed vehicles as the smoking
venue of choice.
"Men are acutely aware of
the social pressure to reduce
second-hand smoke and for
those not ready to quit, they are
finding fewer and fewer place
to smoke without stigma. We're
finding that men are smoking
in their cars - one of the last
refuges where they can light up,"
says Bottorff, who is dean of
New dads retreat
to their cars to
keep smoking
the Faculty of Health and Social
Development at UBC Okanagan.
Oliffe says the men see their
vehicles, which may or may
not be used to carry the infant,
as private space that is neither
inside nor outside. Some fathers
said they don't want their kids
to see them smoking and many
stepped up their hygiene to
make sure their face, hands and
clothing didn't smell of smoke
when they were in contact with
their baby. Researchers have
found the third trimester seems
to be the time when fathers are
most interested in quitting.
"I think we need a gender-
sensitive approach to smoking-
cessation interventions," he
says. "I think the language
needs to be different - maybe
stronger language rather than
the relationship-based approach
used in anti-smoking campaigns
aimed at mothers."
A double standard may also
apply. One study participant
said, "Well...you know, it's not
good for the baby, right, I'd be
pretty mad if she did [smoke]
and I know it's pretty selfish
of me to keep smoking while
she was pregnant, but, ...when
you're smoking a pack a day it's
a pretty big adjustment just to,
to drop it."
"Many of the men we
interviewed had their own
reasons to quit smoking
- reasons not typical of smoking
cessation programs," says
Bottorff. "As men began to get
more engaged in fathering, they
became more uncomfortable
with their smoking and adamant
that they didn't want their
children to smoke. I think we
could build on this motivation
to be a good father to help them
quit smoking."
Vehicles have already been
targeted for smoking restriction
in South Australia, where
proposed legislation seeks a ban
on smoking in vehicles carrying
passengers under the age of 16.
Approximately 20-30 per cent
of pregnant women in Canada
smoke, according to published
research in the U.S. and Canada.
Although about half these
women reduce or stop smoking
during pregnancy, the majority
relapse. The main risk factor
for women's smoking relapse is
having a partner who smokes,
adds Bottorff.
A 2003 Ipsos-Reid survey
of 2,900 British Columbians
15 years and older found no
statistical difference between
overall current smoking rates for
males and females. The finding
extended to all age groups with
the exception of 40- to 54-
year-olds where males are more
likely than females to be current
smokers.
The survey data also showed
that overall, 15 per cent of
residents live in a household that
allows cigarettes to be smoked
on an unrestricted basis inside
the home. Another seven per cent
of residents live in a household
where smoking cigarettes are
allowed on a restricted basis.
The vast majority (78 per cent)
of British Columbians, however,
do not allow any smoking inside
their home.
Approximately 45,000
Canadians die annually from
tobacco use according to
the B.C. Lung Association.
Information from Health
Canada's website indicates the
costs to manage smoking-related
illness tops $15 billion annually.
The study is the second part of
a project called FACET, FAmilies
Controlling and Eliminating
Tobacco, that is funded by the
Canadian Institutes of Health
Research via the Institute for
Gender and Health. Other
members of the research team
include: Lorraine Greaves; Joy
Johnson; and Blake Poland.
Men (fathers and others) who
have quit smoking and wish to
participate in a future study that
explores how some men continue
to remain smoke-free may call
604.822.5061.0
Mary Kelly is research co-ordinator
for the Nursing and Health Behaviour
Research (NAHBR) and NEXUS
research units at the School of Nursing. UBC    REPORTS     |     FEBRUARY
2007     I    s
By Lorraine Chan
When an adolescent girl had
to be hospitalized for headaches
because of her relentless drive
to get straight A+s in school,
something was wrong.
That something may be
perfectionism, says the Dept. of
Psychology's Dayna Lee-Baggley,
a post-doctoral researcher
who's investigating the impact
perfectionism has on physical
health and well-being.
Fortunately, as the teenager's
therapist, Lee-Baggley was
able to help the patient change
her pattern and avoid the
debilitating pain.
"Once the girl recognized that
her tendency to push herself was
contributing to her headaches,
she realized she had a choice
and started to balance her
expectations," says Lee-Baggley.
"She hasn't been hospitalized
since."
Funded by the Michael Smith
Foundation for Health Research,
Lee-Baggley is one of a handful
of researchers looking at the
links between the consuming
need to be perfect and physical
disorders such as headaches.
"There's considerable
research on how perfectionism
puts people at risk for a host
of mental disorders including
depression, anxiety and eating
disorders," she says.
"But there hasn't been
much research done on how
perfectionism is a risk factor
for physical well-being. I'm
interested in understanding the
physical health consequences for
people living under the stress of
Perfectionism can lead to headaches, a link that's explored in a UBC study.
unrealistic standards."
Lee-Baggley works with UBC
Psychology Prof. Paul Hewitt,
one of the world's leading
experts on perfectionism. Hewitt
developed a multidimensional
scale that measures three facets
of perfectionism: self-oriented
(expecting perfection of oneself);
other-oriented (expecting
perfection from others); and
socially-prescribed (perceiving
perfectionistic expectations from
others). Those who score high
in one or more of the measures
may be at risk for mental and
physical health disorders.
Lee-Baggley probes how
perfectionism generates or
magnifies the risk factors - such
as stress - that cause a person to
experience a common ailment
like headaches. Currently, 10 to
35 per cent of Canadians suffer
from headaches, ranging from
tension headaches to severe
migraines.
"Clearly, there's a need to look
deeper into what's causing these
physical symptoms, especially
when you consider the significant
emotional, social and economic
costs of headache disorders,"
says Lee-Baggley.
In her most recent study, Lee-
Baggley asked 340 participants
to report on perfectionism traits
and their experiences with
headaches, which were rated
according to frequency, severity
and any resulting distress or
disability.
Her data shows that those
high in perfectionism - people
who exhibit traits such as
relentless striving and rigid
expectations - are significantly
more at risk for headaches.
"Perfectionists live under
constant pressure, in a world
where they can't make mistakes,
they can't have failure,"
explains Lee-Baggley. "When
they feel they have failed, they
may be prone to experiencing
headaches."
The physiological costs for a
person living under this kind of
pressure may include more strain
on the cardiovascular system
and higher than normal levels of
Cortisol, a stress hormone.
"Our data suggests that those
high in perfectionism may be
experiencing more frequent and
longer physiological reactions to
stress. And over prolonged periods
this could result in headaches and
other health difficulties."
Lee-Baggley plans to conduct
further research that looks at
the role perfectionism plays in
other health problems, such as
cardiovascular disease. She says
by understanding the link between
personality traits and harmful
levels of stress, there can be more
effective treatment and prevention
of mental and physical ailments.
As to why some people
are prone to perfectionism,
Lee-Baggley says current
theories point to the person's
predisposition along with
factors such as family or school
environment where a child may
feel failure or mistakes aren't
tolerated or acceptable.
And as for treatment, Lee-
Baggley says she tries to help
patients understand how
their perfectionism expresses
itself in everyday life, such as
interpersonal conflict and self-
criticism.
"If it's a student who is focused
solely on grades, I try to get them
to find other ways to feel good
about themselves. That might
mean recognizing the value of
a variety of domains, such as
relationships, in addition to
school." 13 6     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     FEBRUARY    I,    2007
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2007     I     7
Student beats odds to overcome heart failure
By Hilary Thomson
It's not likely Andrea Marrie will
ever win the lottery. Why? Because
she scored a lifetime of luck last
year.
On March 26, 2006, the
22-year-old fourth-year UBC
biology student collapsed and
was taken to UBC Hospital.
She was released after overnight
observation for what was believed
to be the flu. After spending a day
vomiting, she went to Vancouver
General Hospital (VGH) where
her condition plummeted due
to massive heart failure; she lost
consciousness and was put on life
support.
Doctors didn't know what
was happening to this previously
healthy and active young woman,
but they told her frightened
friends waiting at the hospital that
she could die within 24 hours.
"I was in shock. I just kept
thinking this isn't possible," says
roommate Jill Kratzer. "We were
allowed in to see her but it was
really difficult because she was
hooked up to all these machines
with IV bags everywhere. My
memory of those hours is all kind
of a blur."
At about 6 a.m. on March 28,
the friends and Andrea's aunt
(her parents were in transit from
Vancouver Island) were told she
was getting worse. The hospital
priest was called to give last rites
and everyone said their goodbyes.
That was the bad luck. The
good luck kicked in when the
cardiologist at VGH called
in members of the St. Paul's
Hospital heart team who
recommended inserting a
ventricular assist device (VAD).
The device, available in B.C.
only at St. Paul's, is used to
keep critically ill heart patients
alive until a transplant can
be performed. The procedure
involves inserting a fist-sized
pump into the abdomen, where
it takes over the natural pumping
action of the heart.
Dr. Anson Cheung is Surgical
Director of the Cardiac
Transplant and Mechanical
Circulatory Assist program
of B.C. at St. Paul's and UBC
Clinical Assistant Professor of
Surgery. He inserted VADs in
both left and right ventricles,
or heart chambers, allowing
Marrie's heart to rest while the
pumps did the work.
Marrie was in hospital for
about five weeks to recover from
her initial heart trauma - caused
by either a virus or an unusual
heart rhythm - and her surgeries.
"Andrea's first weeks at St.
Pauls' Healthy Heart program
were very slow - she'd had three
major cardiac surgeries and
had lost a substantial amount
of physical condition," says
Annemarie Kaan, Clinical Nurse
Specialist for Heart Failure and
Heart Transplant. "There were
days when she felt she would be
weak for the rest of her life, but
there was always someone there
to boost her spirits and help her
maximize her fitness level."
Marrie tried to live as normal
a life as possible with the VADs,
even going to the beach pulling
the VAD system's 10 kg. air
compressor behind her.
In mid-July, the second big
piece of luck came her way.
She was shocked when
Cheung - who in 2001 initiated
the VAD program at St. Paul's
- told her that her heart had
recovered to the point where
the VADs could be removed.
Marrie is believed to be the only
person in Canada and one of
very few people in the world
to recover heart function after
needing two simultaneous VADs
to keep her heart pumping.
Fewer than five per cent of all
single VAD patients can have the
device removed without need for
transplant.
The devices were removed
in July and Marrie took physio
at St. Paul's until the end of
November and completed a
couple of UBC courses. Now
living in her hometown of
Campbell River, she works at a
ski resort two days a week, and
can walk/jog, ski, and play some
volleyball.
"It's definitely changed me.
I'm very optimistic now about
everything," says Marrie. "I have
a huge appreciation for health
care and I actually love visiting
staff and patients at St. Paul's
Andrea Marrie is the only person in Canada to recover heart function
after needing two heart pumps, implanted and removed by UBC surgeon
Dr. Anson Cheung.
because I had such an amazing
experience there."
Her older brother showed his
appreciation by naming his first
baby, born in October, Anson,
after the surgeon who helped
save his sister's life.
Marrie is applying to UBC's
School of Rehabilitation Sciences
to pursue a graduate degree in
Occupational Therapy.
Almost 70,000 British
Columbians are affected by
heart failure, according to B.C.
Ministry of Health. In 2006,
there were 16 heart transplants
in B.C. and nine patients waiting
for transplant at year-end.
St. Paul's Hospital is a UBC
clinical academic campus and
part of Providence Health Care.
It provides care in partnership
with Vancouver Coastal Health
and offers specialty services in
coordination with the Provincial
Health Services Authority. The
Heart Centre at St. Paul's is the
provincial heart centre. 13
j r
THE   ROBERT  LEDINGHAM  COLLECTION
/
"Good design must express function and comfort and project individual
style. Restraint and a sense of proportion go furthest in creating a look of
timeless elegance."
These are the words that describe both a philosophy and a simple set
of rules by which Robert Ledingham guides his work. We are extremely
pleased to announce that he has brought this discipline to an exclusive
collection of 10 executive homes at Stirling House.
The Robert Ledingham Collection.
3 bedroom, 1,983 square foot homes from $1.15 million
Visit www.stirlinghouseliving.ca or call 604 228 8100
1716 Theology Mall, (at Chancellor Blvd) Vancouver
Open noon - 5pm daily except Fridays
NOW  SELLING
INTRACORP UBC    REPORTS     |     FEBRUARY
Did you know?
Land lease revenues
from the development
of University Town,
excluding Hampton
Place, have generated
approximately $82
million for the TREK
endowments.
UNIVERSITY TOWN
ISSUE   NO.9   FEBRUARY  2007
' UNIVERSITY
BOULEVARD
HAWTHORN PLACE
HAMPTON PLACE
WESBROOK PLACE
EAST CAMPUS
' CHANCELLOR PLACE
NORTH CAMPUS
SERVING   UBC'S   EMERGING   COMMUNITY
Mother, Teacher,
Scientist
Celeste Leander's personal
web site proclaims that, "life
is great", and this is certainly
reflected in her enthusiasm
and lifestyle at UBC. Celeste
spends her days teaching
first year Biology, mentoring young female students
on campus, and many hours
investigating her favourite research subject, Labyrinthula
- the microscopic creatures
that act as the maids of the
world's oceans.
She and her husband Brian, and their two girls, Avory
and Emmy, reside in Logan
Lane - a 61-unit townhouse
they co-developed in Hawthorn Place Neighbourhood.
Celeste says she was drawn to
live at UBC because she feels
like she's "in the city, yet out
of it." She loves that she can
walk to work, take her kids
to daycare, and stay at the lab
until 1 am. Scientists work
weird hours, she admits, so
going to work in the middle
of the night is not unusual.
On the weekends the family
uses the UBC pool, or heads to
Spanish Banks for some beach time. After dark,
Celeste and Brian use their season tickets for
the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts to take
in a show or a student production at the Freddy
Wood Theatre. "Proximity to UBC's cultural
amenities is one of the big advantages to living
at UBC", she said. "Another advantage, is that
the community is a quiet and safe place for my
kids to grow up."
Celeste looks forward to the arrival of UBC's
new grocery store and the opening of the new
Old Barn Community Centre this Spring.
U. Town Social Planning Process
Begins
University Town is one step closer to the vision of its founders
who imagined "a university city in an idyllic setting". With six
Neighbourhood Plans approved and construction underway in
most of the neighbourhoods, Campus and Community Plan-
L7BC biology professor, Celeste Leander.
ning is now turning their
attention to the development of a community Social
Plan.
Campus Planning will
collaborate with campus
stakeholders to develop
a Social Plan that will refresh the vision and values
of University Town from
a social and community
perspective. The Social Plan
will identify how to build
a strong sense of community across all groups
that constitute University
Town, and will address
community needs for the
next five years. By developing common social goals
for University Town, the
community will be one
step closer to the founders'
original vision, and campus
stakeholders will better understand how they fit into
the "U Town picture".
The Social Plan process will
launch in early 2007 - stay
tuned!
Speakers Corner +
YouTube = SoundOff
University Town and the
Office of the Vice-President of Students have
joined forces to launch UBC's first "SoundOff"
interactive video booth in the Student Union
Building. Using a simple touch-screen interface,
visitors can relay their experience at UBC in
short 60-second video clips and have them
broadcast on the web. This free service provides
an easy way for community members to voice
their opinions on any UBC-related issue.
Personal commentaries, jokes, songs, and
poems, in any language are welcome. Video clips
can be viewed on the SoundOff website. Like
YouTube, visitors can post comments about
each video clip.
To get your voice heard, visit the SoundOff
video booth on the main concourse of the Student Union Building, across from the SUB Art
Gallery. To view the latest video clips visit
www.soundoff.ubc.ca.
Vancouver Campus Plan Moves to Next Phase
The Vancouver Campus Plan
(What's the Plan?) consultation
kicks off phase three of its six-
phase process with a dynamic
speaker series focusing on place
making, sustainability and the
future of teaching, learning and
research. Phase three will also
include continued technical studies
assessing UBC's public spaces and
facilities.
A report of last fall's
consultation activity is now
available on-line and includes a
summary of participant feedback
from the Six Big Questions, blogs,
issues & ideas workshops, online feedback forms, as well as
emeritus contributions and other
submissions. The report points
out key actionable ideas and
L7BC Library Fountain, 1953.
themes that came out of the
consultation, which will help
inform subsequent phases of the
process.
Among the recommendations
highlighted, participants
proposed creating more meeting
and multi-use spaces for
teaching, learning and research.
More outdoor seating areas,
improved pedestrian walkways,
and continued preservation of
campus green space, were also
emphasized, as was the need for
better services and amenities
for public transit and bike
commuters.
For more information or to
download the full phase two
summary report visit www.
campusplan.ubc.ca.
University Town  UBC External Affairs Office 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z2 T: 604.822.6400 F: 604.822.8102   www.universitytown.ubc.ca

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