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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Oct 14, 1993

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A Bird in the Stands
Gavin Wilson photo
The T-Bird mascot tries to ruffle a few feathers at Thunderbird Stadium during a non-conference football game
against San Francisco State University.The match was part ofthe annual Homecoming celebration, Sept. 30 to Oct.
3. An estimated 6,000 people took part in campus events during the four-day celebration, which included tours,
sports events, music and theatrical performances, the Arts '20 Relay, reunions of alumni and professors emeriti
and celebrations marking the 25th anniversary ofthe Student Union Building. San Francisco needed a last-second
field goal to beat the T-birds 32-30.
Players hooked on election market
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Gary Miles likes the fact that he can
play it in his office and on the road.
Barbara Spencer will be disappointed
when it's all over.
Miles and Spencer are two of the more
than 200 players on the UBC Election
Stock Market, a financial market in which
the ultimate values ofthe contracts being
traded are based on the outcome of the
Oct. 25 federal election.
The market, housed in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
is designed to help study the predictive
power of markets, the behaviour of traders and the dynamics of the political
campaign. Participants invest their own
funds, buy and sell listed contracts representing the major federal political parties, and stand to make a profit.
They also risk losing money.
To date, traders have invested more
than $26,000 in the market.
It's a real learning experience, said
Spencer, a professor in the faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
and she's been encouraging her students
to join in.
It's also fun to play.
"I try to log on just once a day, but it
certainly is habit forming. Once you're in
the system, you immediately see the price
changes occurring in the market at the
time," said Spencer.
"I'll be disappointed when the election
is over," she added.
Spencer has $200 invested in the
market and is close to breaking even.
Although it's the hands-on interaction
that makes the market so enjoyable, she
admits she wouldn't mind coming out
ahead on the financial side of things.
Faculty Club opens doors
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
The Faculty Club is opening its doors
to all full-time union and non-union UBC
employees and is adopting a three-year
financial plan in an effort to reverse its
financial difficulties.
"We are hoping to retain current membership levels and attract new members
in an effort to alleviate current financial
problems which the club is experiencing," said Dr. Chris Mcintosh, a professor
of Physiology and the newly elected chair
of the club's board of directors.
Established in 1947, the Faculty Club
has approximately 3,000 members. Membership fees are based on salary level
with the lowest annual fee set at $80.
The club, which receives a small yearly
grant from UBC's operating budget, has
been running a deficit for the past two
Other sources of funding for the club are
membership fees, food and beverage services, hotel accommodation and revenue-
generating catered functions and events.
Total net losses for the fiscal year ending June 30 were $250,000, primarily due
See CLUB Page 2
"I'd probably go out and have a nice
Spencer's husband. Commerce faculty member Jim Brander, has $500 invested in the market.
"It'll be interesting to see who comes out
ahead in our household." admits Spencer.
"However, it's not a competition.
"Jim has been much more active in the
market and often plays it both at home
and in the office."
As executive vice-president, western
division, of Rogers Broadcasting, Miles
spends a lot of time on the road. He
appreciates the flexibility available for
those who want to tap into the market
while away from home.
"I'm into investments in general and
the concept behind the market is perfect
for me," enthused Miles.
"The stock market has done an
See MARKET Page 2
claim two
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
A team of microbiologists and a leading brain researcher from UBC are among
the 1993 winners of B.C. science and
engineering gold medals.
Psychiatry Prof. Christian Fibiger is
the recipient of the gold medal in Health
Sciences. The gold medal in the natural
sciences goes to a team of four scientists
in UBC's Dept. of Microbiology: Neil Gilkes,
Douglas Kilburn. Tony Warren and Robert
Miller, UBC's vice-president. Research.
The awards are presented by the Science Council of British Columbia to recognize outstanding achievements by the
province's scientists, engineers, innovators and entrepreneurs.
Winners will receive their awards at a
dinner Oct. 19.
Fibiger is being recognized for his contributions to the understanding of the
neurobiological substrates of clinical depression.
His research focuses on understanding the biochemical basis for anhedonia.
a condition which makes depression sufferers unable to experience pleasure or
He has shown
that a complex of
mid-brain neurons containing
the neurotransmitter dopamine
is a critical component in the
process that produces feelings of
pleasure or reward.
Knowledge of
this process and
the vital role that dopamine plays provides a basis for treatment with drugs
that may balance dopamine levels in (hat
region of the brain.
Fibiger, who is among the 200 most-
frequently cited scientists in the world, was
also the first to demonstrate that the rewarding effect of drugs such as cocaine and d-
amphetamine are mediated by their actions
on the mid-brain's dopamine neurons.
See GOLD Page 2
Helping Hand
The United Way touches the life of a UBC employee
Write Stuff
A first-year Science student reads at the Writers Festival
Anniversary Toast
Family and Nutritional Sciences marks its 50th year
Breathe Deeply
Profile: Peter Hochachka studies low-oxygen survival 2 UBC Reports • October 14,1993
John Chong photo
Basking in the warm sun was the order of the day for many
who attended the United Way kickoff Oct. 4 at the Student
Union Building Plaza. UBC has set a target of $300,000 for
this year's campaign.
Staff member knows
how United Way helps
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
There are more than 500,000
reasons to consider a contribution to the United Way campaign.
Sharon Walker is one of them.
In March of this year. Walker,
the warehouse manager at the
UBC Bookstore and a long-time
campus campaign co-ordinator,
was diagnosed with deep vein
thrombosis of the left leg.
The condition left her immobilized for six weeks. When she
was finally able to get up and
around, she did so with the help
ofthe Canadian Red Cross Society, a United Way partner. She
obtained a walker and a wheelchair from the Red Cross, free of
charge, through the Richmond
Fire Department, and used them
for a month.
"With the aid of the walker, I
was able to get around at home,
while the wheelchair enabled me
to venture outside.
"When you're flat on your back
and people have to do everything
for you, just being able to enjoy
the sunshine and the fresh air is
such a blessing."
Walker has since returned to
her position at the Bookstore,
where she has worked for 16
years. Although she has been
slowed somewhat by the condition, it hasn't stopped her from
remaining active in the United
Way campaign.
Last year, more than 500,000
people in the Lower Mainland
received services from United
Way agencies. Of every dollar
donated, 97 cents goes directly
to agencies and services.
Organizers of the campus
campaign, which concludes Oct.
18, have set a goal for $300,000
for this year.
Continued from Page 1
to a lack of use of the club by
members, Mcintosh said.
"However, the facility is attractive and we believe the
broader campus community may
be interested in the social and
networking opportunities provided by joining the club."
The effect of demographics
and a sagging economy on faculty and senior administrative
staff who comprise the bulk of
the membership is mainly responsible for the club's financial
problems, Mcintosh said.
"Most of the newer members
of faculty and staff do not live in
the Point Grey area and have
limited budgets," he explained.
"It appears that the current Faculty Club does not offer sufficient services to attract the
majority of these individuals.''
He added that the building
which houses the club is in decline and requires extensive renovations and restructuring to
attract both existing and potential members.
'There is clearly no definitive
way in which the club's finances
can be secured and the standards of the club upgraded and
maintained, but a number of
priorities have been established
aimed towards this goal,"
Mcintosh said.
Continued from Page 1
incredible job of building bridges
between the university and the
general public."
Miles joined the market about
a month ago and has invested
$110. On average, he checks in
on prices every other day.
"It's also nice to be able to
follow trends with what have
become regular market reports
in the media," he added.
"I expect the dynamics of the
market to show even more movement as election day nears."
The minimum investment in
the election stock market is $5
and the maximum is $1,000.
Funds can be used to buy individual contracts from other traders or on the stock market
exchange system, a fully-computerized market, which is open
24 hours a day.
"All the money that comes in
will be paid out," said Commerce
Prof. Tom Ross, one ofthe directors of the stock market.
If you would like to become a
trader during the final days leading to the election, call 822-
Continued from Page 1
The UBC team of microbiologists are being recognized for
their work which includes cloning genes which produce the
enzymes known as cellulases.
These enzymes are used to break
down cellulose from wood and
other vegetation.
The researchers found a way
to divide the cellulase gene
into two parts using recombinant DNA techniques. This
enabled them to demonstrate
that one part was responsible
for binding the enzymes to
cellulose and the other for
breaking the bonds in the cellulose polymer.
They also devised a means to
use the binding part to immobilize other enzymes so that an
enzyme reactor could function
for several weeks without the
enzyme having to be replenished.
The technology arising from
these discoveries could hasten
the development of an economic
process for converting waste cellulose to alcohol fuel.
As well, companies which
produce and market medical
diagnostics are interested in developing the enzyme immobilization technology for use in
simple diagnostic assay kits.
An article in the Sept. 30
edition of UBC Reports
incorrectly named a new
building planned for
campus. The correct name
is the C.K. Choi Building
for the Institute of Asian
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Community
Relations Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver
B.CV6T 1Z2.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Bill Jamieson
Contributors: Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: 822-3131 (phone)
822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ October 14,1993 3
Richmond to test
ecological footprint
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Think globally, act locally.
This catchy phrase, affixed to many a
bumper, is well known. Still, some say
municipal efforts to save the environment aren't being given their due by the
general public.
Enter UBC's Task Force on Planning
Healthy and Sustainable Communities.
"It's a motherhood issue which nobody has taken much notice of," said
Robert Woollard, co-chair of the seven-
member task force. "It sounds great, but
the question is how do we translate
these nice words into something concrete?"
For two years, the task force has been
working with city officials in Richmond to
find a way to put this noble idea into
action; specifically, how to help residents
understand the social and ecological consequences of city policies regarding downtown development.
The current city plan calls for a potential 40,000 more residents moving to
Richmond's downtown core during the
next 15 years. To help citizens use the
overwhelming amount of data on which
the city's future will be based, task force
members have devised two tools.
One, called the ecological footprint or
Appropriated Carrying Capacity (ACC),
allows people to gauge the amount of land
needed to support a particular plan or
development, including the waste it generates. The second, referred to as the
Social Caring Capacity (SCC), relates a
development to quality of life issues such
as safety, education, household stress.
access to open space and citizen involvement in policy decision-making.
When used together, Woollard says
the two tools provide a matrix into which
people can plug their particular concerns
or issues.
'These tools provide a simple means
by which citizens can confront the ecological, social and economic trade-offs
inherent in any urban plan," said
Woollard, a family physician and acting
head of UBC's Dept. of Family Practice.
Just as gross national product and
interest rates affect economic decisionmaking, Woollard said health considerations must be included.
Using a $140,000 provincial grant,
UBC team members examined indicators
such as infant mortality rates, longevity
figures, incidence of disease and strains
on environmental habitats. They also
looked at the amount of time people spend
commuting and fossil fuels consumed in
the process.
"Clearly the deadliest weapon in B.C.
today is the car but people seem to believe
there is little we can do to lessen auto
emissions," said Woollard. "We want to
get a handle on how people assess various threats to the environment."
The task force is drawn from faculty
members in the schools of Social Work,
Nursing and Community and Regional
Planning, the Centre for Human Settlements, the Dept. of Health Care and
Epidemiology and the Institute for Health
Promotion Research.
Once the tools are refined and tested,
Woollard hopes they will be used by other
communities to formulate their own process on sustainability.
by staff writers
This year's Vancouver International Writers Festival features literary
heavyweights such as Margaret Atwood, Carol Shields and Josef
Skvorecky, but it also highlights the talents of an 18-year-old UBC
Karen Chu, who is enrolled in first-year Science, will read at an event
called Towards a Pacific Age. She shares the stage with another young
aspiring writer, Indo-Canadian high school student Shachi Kurl, and
Japanese-American author Karen Tei Yamashita.
Remarkably, it's not the first time Chu has been invited to read at the
Last year, while still a student at Vancouver's Eric
Hamber Secondary, she read her poetry at a session
featuring other young poets.
She says the experience was fun. but a bit intimidating.
"I just got on the stage, read, and got off the stage
as soon as possible."
Chu's talents received wider exposure last summer when her high school valedictory address,
written in the style of novelist Tom Robbins, was reprinted in the Vancouver Sun.
Given her natural abilities, it may surprise some
that Chu bypassed English and creative writing to
enrol in science.
"I've always done well at science, and I love
chemistry and biology," she explained. "My writing gives me an outlet for
things I can't express in science."
At this year's festival, Chu has been invited to read at a session which
explores cross-cultural matters.
"It took me totally off guard," she says. Despite her Asian heritage, her
writing hasn't, until now, dealt with such issues.
Recently, however, she has written some poems exploring the theme,
and will be reading these at the festival.
You can see Chu at Richmond's Gateway Theatre on Wednesday, Oct.
20, at 1 p.m.
Meanwhile, the Writers Festival and UBC literary journal Prism international are co-sponsoring a reading by acclaimed author Timothy Findley at
the Frederic Wood Theatre on Thursday, Oct. 21 at 12:30 p.m. Tickets are
There's at least one other UBC connection to the Writers Festival. The
woman dubbed Canada's crime queen. Sechelt mystery writer L.R. (Bunny)
Wright, spent a few months working for UBC Reports in the mid-'80s.
Literary Luminaries
Gavin Wilson photos
A pair of Canadian heroes visited the UBC Bookstore recently to read
from their new books. Former Montreal Canadiens goalie Ken Dryden,
left, who received an honorary degree from UBC in 1992, read from his
most recent book, The Moved and the Shaken, a portrait of an ordinary
Canadian. Maj.-Gen. Lewis MacKenzie (retired) talked about his
experiences with United Nations troops recounted in Peacekeeper: The
Road to Sarajevo. See the Calendar listings in this issue of UBC Reports
for upcoming readings at the Bookstore.
News Digest
itizen involvement in mental health services and health reform and regionalization
in B.C. are among the topics being explored at the 11th annual Pacific Health
Forum, presented by the UBC Health Care and Epidemiology Alumni Associa-
During the two-day conference, which takes place Oct. 28 - 29 at the Villa Inn
Burnaby, health care providers will share their experiences involving communities
and consumers in planning, developing and providing health care services.
For more information, call 585-5530.
Proposals for funding from the 1994-95 Teaching and Learning Enhancement
Fund are now being accepted.
Each year a committee of faculty and students selects projects from
proposals submitted by 12 faculties, the Library, student groups and the Faculty
Development Program.
For 1991-92, the fund consisted of almost $750,000 which went towards 31
projects in 11 faculties. Under the originally approved plan for tuition increases, it
was expected to increase to $ 1.5 million last year and $2.25 million this year. Changes
to tuition fee increases kept the fund constant for 1992-93 and 1993-94.
In a memo to deans, the university librarian, and students groups, Daniel Birch,
vice-president, Academic, reminded applicants that the fund should not be used for
research proposals. He also listed fund guidelines which include: a clear statement
of objectives, rationale and methods; student involvement in preparing and implementing proposals; participation of more than one department or faculty; and
support from additional sources.
Application forms should be submitted to Birch's office no later than Dec. 15.
The Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) is making plans for another off-
trail enforcement blitz this month in its continuing efforts to reduce ecological
damage from off-trail use at Pacific Spirit Regional Park.
Walking and cycling off trails damages fragile soils, tree roots, stream beds and
The GVRD, which manages the park, held a blitz Sept. 26-27, with members ofthe
Pacific Spirit Coalition and Pacific Spirit Cycling Club assisting by handing out maps
and proper trail use information to the public.
GVRD park officers, who have the authority to ticket visitors who are not on
designated trails, wrote two $100 tickets and issued 15 warnings.
"The park officers and volunteers came in contact with about 1,000 people
during the two days. It looks as though the vast majority of trail users are staying
on designated trails," said Mitch Sokalski, the GVRD Parks West Area superintendent.
"We will continue to step up the enforcement component of the trail management
plan adopted by the GVRD two years ago with similar blitzes in the fall and winter
Located next to UBC, the park contains 50 kilometres of trails. Thirty-five per
cent are designated for pedestrian use, while the remaining are for multi-purpose
The park is heavily used, with aproximately 250,000 visitors recorded annually in
the upland forest region.
The RCMP University Detachment received a report that a female student was
sexually assaulted Oct. 7 while walking home from the Pit Pub.
Police said it was reported that she was grabbed from behind by a male
and the pair fell to the ground. She was able to eventually fight off her attacker
and fled.
The suspect is described as a white male. 5' 6" tall. 180 lbs. with dark brown,
shoulder length curly hair, slight facial hair and an unkempt appearance.
Police ask that anyone with information that might help in their investigation call
them at 224-1322 quoting file 93-3679. 4 UBC Reports ■ October 14, 1993
October 17 through October 30
Sunday, Oct. 17
Botanical Garden Event
3rd Annual Apple Sale. Over
50 varieties from around B.C.
Apples for buying, for tasting
and for growing. Botanical
Garden Pavilion from 11 am-
4:30pm. Free admission to
garden/pavilion. Call 822-
Monday, Oct. 18
Germanic Studies Lecture
Configurations Of
Postmodernity: Nietzsche,
Heidegger, Derrida. Prof. Ernst
Behler, chair. Comparative Literature, U. of Washington.
Buchanan D-121 from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-6403.
Religious Studies Lecture
President's Advisory Committee On Lectures/Dean of
Arts: The Moriscos: A Beleaguered Minority In 16th Century Spain. Dr. L. Patrick
Harvey, U. of London.
Buchanan B-321 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-6523.
Astronomy Seminar
On The Distribution Of Galaxies In The Universe: The
Perseus Supercluster. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at
4pm. Coffee at 3:30pm. Call
Faculty Association
Promotion, Tenure And You!
Unravelling The Mysteries Of
The New Agreement On Conditions Of Appointment. Presented by Bill Bruneau.
president, R. Pincock, chair.
Buchanan A-203 at 4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-3883.
Creative Writing Lecture
Journalism In Business.
Alan Bayless, Vancouver bureau chief, Financial Times of
Canada. Buchanan A-102 from
4-6pm.    Call 822-2712.
Archaeological Institute
New Light On Greece In The
Bronze Age. Dr. Cynthia
Shelmerdine, Classics, U. of
Texas at Austin. MOA Theatre
Gallery at 8pm. Call 822-2889.
Tuesday, Oct. 19
Women's Studies Lecture
The Impact Of Development
And NAFTA On Women In
Mexico. June C. Nash, distinguished professor. City U. of
New York. Co-sponsored by
Anthropology/Sociology and
Centre for Research on Women's Studies/Gender Relations.
ANSO 207/209 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-6359/9173.
United Way Rummage/
Bake/Book Sale
Oct. 19/Oct. 20. sponsored
by Creative Writing Dept. Grand
Prize Draw Oct. 20 at 12:30pm.
Two tickets anywhere via Canadian Airlines. Buchanan E-462
from 11:30am-1:30pm both
days.  Call 822-2712.
Lectures In Modern
Colours, Fragrances And Cholesterol. How Nature Makes
Bonds In The Isoprene Pathway.
Dr. Dale Poulter, U. of Utah.
Chemistry 250 south wing at
lpm. Refreshments at 12:40pm.
Call 822-3266.
Astronomy Seminar
Radio-Optical Alignment Of
The Brightest Abell Cluster Gal-
axies. Heinz Andernach,
Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at
2:30pm. Coffee at 2pm. Call
Modern History Seminar
State And Society In Post-
Revolutionary China: Literacy
Patterns In Guangdong. Glen
Peterson, History. Asian Centre
604 from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Synthesis And Biological
Evaluation Of Valproate Analogues. Jan Palaty, grad student. Pharmaceutical Sciences.
IRC #3 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Botany Seminar
Algal Viruses: Giant Viruses
Attacking Tiny Plants. Eric C.
Henry, Botany/Plant Pathology,
Oregon State U. BioSciences
2000 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Oceanography Seminar
Enzymes As Indices Of Growth
Rate And Nitrogen Metabolism
In Marine Phytoplankton. John
Berges, Oceanography.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3626.
Centre For Applied Ethics
Cigarette Marketers Targeting The Youth Market. Anne
Lavack, doctoral candidate,
Commerce. Henry Angus 225
from 4-6pm.   Call 822-5139.
Statistics Seminar
Approximations To
Multivariate Normal Rectangle
Probabilities Based On Conditional Expectations. Prof. Harry
Joe, Statistics. Henry Angus
413 from 4-5:30pm. Refreshments.   Call 822-2234.
Faculty Development Series
The Harvard Assessment Seminars: Looking At Teaching. David
Measday, Science; Gail Riddell,
Faculty Development/1 nstructional
Services. Hebb Theatre from 3-
5pm. Call 822-9149.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Spare The ACE Inhibitor. Spoil
The Kidney?   The Role Of ACE
Inhibitors In Preventing Diabetic
Renal     Disease. Brenda
Johannesson, grad student.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 30
from 4-5pm.  Call 822-4645.
Wednesday, Oct. 20
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Fractures OfThe Shaft OfThe
Humerus. Chair: Dr. Robert W.
McGraw. Guest speaker, Dr.
P.J. O'Brien. VGH Eye Care
Centre Auditorium at 7am. Call
Microbiology Seminar
Studies On The Role Of The
Secretory Pathway In The Life
Cycle Of Herpes Simplex Viruses.
Bruce Banfield, Microbiology/
Immunology. Wesbrook 201
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Wednesday Noon Hour Series
Jane Coop, piano. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission $2.   Call 822-5574.
Continuing Studies Election
A Free Series. What Is Canada's Role In The World? Panel:
Brian Job, Don Munton, Chris
Thomas. Political Science; Ivan
Head, South/North Institute;
Kogila Adam-Moodley, Social/
Educational Studies. York
Room, Hotel Georgia from 12-
1:30pm. Call 222-5272 to preregister.
Applied Mathematics
A Nonlinear Approach To Large
Amplitude Nuclear Motion: The
Problem Of Inversion In The Ammonium Molecule. Dr. J.P. Leroy,
Princeton U. Mathematics 203 at
3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Geography Colloquium
Political Science/Geography:
An Export-Import Analysis. Jean
Laponce, Political Science. Geography 201 from 3:30-5pm.
Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call
Thursday, Oct. 21
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Integration Of Plasmalemmal
And Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Cal-
ciumTransport In Vascular Smooth
Muscle. Dr. C. Van Breeman. Medicine. IRC #4 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Creative Writing Reading
An Hour With Timothy Findley
presented by The Vancouver
Writer's Festival and Prism international. Frederic Wood Thea-
Ireat 12:30pm. Tickets$8. Call
Carr Lecture Series
New Reproductive Technologies: Science And The Incarnation. Are New Reproductive
Technologies An Unnatural Attempt To Play God? Dr. Suzanne
R. Scorsone, director of Family
Life, Archdiocese of Toronto.
Henry Angus 1 10 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-4492.
Music Concert
Collegium Musicum. Steve
Morgan, director. Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Call 822-31 13.
Faculty Development
Strategies For Teaching The
Disabled Student. Jennifer Leigh
Hill, U. ofVictoria. Henry Angus
312from2:30-4:30pm. Call822-
French Lecture (In English)
President's Advisory Committee On Lectures: Ladies Don't
WearBraies: The Sexual Politics
Of Medieval Underwear. Prof.
Jane Burns, Romance Languages, U. of North Carolina,
Chapel Hill. Buchanan Penthouse at 2:30pm. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Idealization And Explanation
In Statistical Mechanics. L.
Sklar, U. of Michigan. Hennings
201 at 4pm.  Call 822-3853.
Biostatistics Seminar
A Review Of Latent Class
Models For Medical Data Subject To Measurement Error. Dr
Stephen Walter, Clinical Epidemiology, McMaster U.. Hamilton. Henry Angus 413 at 4pm.
Call 822-2234.
Marion Woodward Lecture
Sanctions And Sanctuary:
Culture And Wife Beating. Dr.
Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Johns
Hopkins U. IRC #6 at 8pm.
General public welcome. Free
admission.   Call 822-7417.
Friday, Oct. 22
Grand Rounds
The Exclusive Use Of
Prostaglandins In The Induction
Of Labour. University Hospital
Shaughnessy Site D-308 at Sam.
Call 875-3266.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Provincial Adolescent Health
Survey. Dr. Roger Tonkin, Paediatrics. GF Strong Auditorium
at 9am.   Call 875-21 18.
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
Issues Related To Rubella
Immunization.    Adverse Reac
tions And Seroactivity. Dr.
Aubrey Tingle, director of Research, Children's Hospital.
James Mather 253 from 9-
10am.   Call 822-2772.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Hand-Arm Vibration In
Chainsaw Operators. Angela
Berlin, occupational hygienist.
Chem/Mechanical Building
1202 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Law Seminar
What's Feminist About AFemi-
nist Analysis of Tort Daw? Prof.
Denise Reaume. U. of Toronto.
Curtis Conference Room from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-6506.
Weekly Seminar
Biosensors For Process
Monitoring. Robin F.B.Turner.
Chem/Engineering 206 at
3:30pm.  Call 822-3238.
Theoretical Chemistry
Electrical Double Layers
Near Inert And Metallic Walls.
Dr. G. Patey. Chemistry. Chemistry 402 central wing at 4pm.
Call 822-3997.
Saturday, Oct. 23
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The Rise And Fall Of Antibiotics. Prof. Julian Davies, head,
Microbiology. IRC #2 at
8:15pm.  Call 822-3131.
Sunday, Oct. 24
Occupational Therapy Week
Runs to Oct. 29. Ergonomic
Workplace Education For Campus Workers. Please call prior to
Oct. 25 to arrange appt. at your
workplace. 4th Yr. Occupational
Therapy students. Call 822-7400.
Monday, Oct. 25
Applied Mathematics
Tracking Curve Networks Moving With Curvature Motion. Brian
R. Wetton. Mathematics. Math
203 at 3:30pm. Call 822-4584.
Creative Writing Lecture
Journalism  In  Business
Alan Bayless. Vancouver bureau chief. Financial Times of
Canada. Buchanan A-102 from
4-6pm.    Call 822-2712.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Community Relations Office, 207-
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space. Deadline for the October 28 issue
of UBC Reports — which covers the period October 31
to November 13 — is noon, October 19. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ October 14,1993 5
October 17 through October 30
Tuesday, Oct. 26
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Trichomonad Virulence: A
Study Of Haemolysis Of Sheep
Red Blood Cells By
Trichomonas Vaginalis. Dr.
Spiros Potamianos, Pharmaceutical Chemistry. IRC #4 at
11:30am.  Call 822-4645.
Classics Lecture
President's Advisory Committee On Lectures: The Excavations At Tel Dor: An Ancient
Seaport On The Coast Of Israel. Prof. Andrew Stewart, Art
History, U. of California.
Berkeley. Lasserre 102 at
12:30pm.  Call 822-2889.
Lectures In Modern
Light-Emitting Porous Silicon: Scientific Curiosity Or
The Key To Silicon
Optoelectronics? Dr. Tom
Tiedje, Physics. Chemistry 250
South Wing at 1 pm. Call 822-
Faculty Development
The Multicultural Classroom: An Introduction.
Katherine Beaumont/Mackie
Chase/Keith Hoy. Social
Work/Anthropology 223 from
3-5pm.  Call 822-9149.
Oceanography Seminar
Last Interglacial Data From
Denmark And Northern Germany. Dr. Marit-Solveig
Seidenkrantz. U. of Quebec at
Montreal. BioSciences 1465 at
3:30pm.  Call 822-3626.
Statistics Seminar
Project Work In Mathematics At Aalborg University - An
Alternative Approach. Prof.
Soren Lundbye-Christensen,
Aalborg U., Denmark. Henry
Angus413from4-5:30pm. Call
Wednesday, Oct. 27
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Massive Rotator Cuff Tears -
Surgical And Non-Surgical Treatments. Guest speaker. Dr. R. H.
Hawkins. VGH Eye Care Centre
Auditorium at 7am. Call 875-
UBC Bookstore^ Famous
Psychologist Judy Weiser will
be speaking and autographing
her new book, Phototherapy.
Bookstoreat 12:30pm. Call822-
Microbiology Seminar
Genetic Analysis And Biochemical Characterization Of
The Major Cellulases from
Cellulomonas Fimi. Dr.
Andreas Meinke, Microbiology/Immunology. Wesbrook
201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Faculty Development
The Classroom As A Dramatic
Arena. Line. Fisch. educational
advisor, Lexington, KY. Asian
Research Auditorium from 9:30-
11:30am.   Call 822-9149.
To Lecture Or Not To Lecture:
The Debate Continues. Line.
Fisch. Asian Research Auditorium from 2:30-4:30pm. Call
18th Annual Dr. John F.
McCreary Lecture
Health Care Reform In Canada
And The USA. Senator W.J.
Keon. MD, director general. Univ.
of Ottawa Heart Inst. IRC #4
from 12:30-1:30pm. Faculty and
students welcome. Call 822-
Centre For Japanese
Research Seminar
Translating Imperialism: The
Emperor System, Japanese Poetry And Its English Translation.
Joshua Mostow, Asian Studies.
Asian Centre Bsmt. Music Room
from 12:30-1:45pm. Call 822-
Geography Colloquium
Is Co-operation The Answer? A Comparison Of U.S.
And Canadian Enforcement Of
Environmental Regulations.
Kathy Harrison, Political Science. Geography 201 from
3:30-5pm. Refreshments. Call
French Lecture
President's Advisory Committee on Lectures. Philosophic Et
Politique Dans Le Mariage De
Figaro. Prof. Francois Moureau,
Sorbonne, Paris. Buchanan
Tower 826 at 4pm. Call 822-
Inter-Disciplinary 19th
Century Studies Colloquium
Eighty Ways Of Grasping
Wagner's Ring. Speakers:
Peter Loeffler, Theatre;
Marketa Goetz-Stankiewicz.
Germanic Studies; Vera
Micznik, Music. Faculty Club
Music Room from 7:30-9pm.
Call 822-4225/5122.
Thursday, Oct. 28
Faculty Development
Creative Options For University Teaching. Line. Fisch. educational advisor, Lexington, KY.
Family/Nutritional Sciences
Room 60 from 9:30-11:30am.
Call 822-9149.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Insulin Activated Protein
Kinase Cascade: A Paradigm
For Mitogenic Signalling. Dr.
Steven Pelech. Medicine. IRC #4
at 1 1:30am.  Call 822-4645.
Fine Arts Gallery Series
Performance And Video. A
Performance:     Personal  Size.
Continuing Studies English
Language Institute
courses in Conversation, Writing
and Grammar, Listening, Advance
Discussion, TOEFL Preparation.
Advanced Composition, Thesis
and Article Writing. To register
call 222-5208.
English Language Institute
Professional Development for
Language Teachers. Incorporating Grammar And Writing, Oct.
23; Using Video in Communication Classes, Nov. 1; Teaching
Pronunciation, Nov. 17/24. To
register call 222-5208.
Conversation Classes
Develop your conversational
ability in French, Spanish.
Japanese, Mandarin or Cantonese.     10-weekly sessions
Sept. 28 to Dec. 1/93. Cajl
Language Programs & Services.
Continuing Studies, 222-5227.
International Teaching
Assistant Training Program
Sponsored by UBC Continuing Studies (MLO). Section 1:
Tuesdays, Oct. 5 - Nov. 30. Section 2: Thursdays, Oct. 7 to Dec.
2 from 6-9pm in the Old Auditorium Annex 221. Call 822-9583.
Free Hearing Assessments
Now through December 17.
Open to all UBC students/staff/
faculty. Sponsored by the UBC
Hearing Access Project. By appointment.   Call 822-5798.
Male Experience Research
Are contemporary ideas about
men's lives truths or stereotypes?
Counselling Psychology student
is looking for volunteers to take
part in this study. If you're
straight, white, 25-35, and interested in sharing your story,
call Lawrence at 822-5259.
Psychology Study
Looking for female heterosexual volunteers who are experiencing sexual difficulties to
participate in confidential research on physiological sexual
arousal. Honorarium. Mon-
Thu 4-6pm.   Call 822-2998.
Drug Inter-Action Study
Volunteers at least 18 years
required for participation in
Study. Eligibility screening by
appointment. Honorarium upon
completion of study. Call 822-
Judy Radul.    Lasserre  102 at
12:30pm.   Call 822-2759.
Faculty Forum
Studies In Fluid Mechanics, Spacecraft Dynamics And
Control. Dr. Vinod Modi, Mechanical Engineering. CICSR/
CS 208 from 4-5:30pm. Call
Physics Colloquium
Universal Correlations In The
Quantum Spectra Of Chaotic
Systems. B. Altshuler, M.I.T.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 822-
Faculty Forum
Studies In Fluid Mechanics, Spacecraft Dynamics And
Control. Dr. Vinod Modi. Mechanical Engineering. CICSR/
CS 208 from 4-5:30pm. Call
Friday, Oct. 29
Grand Rounds
Syndrome And Fetal Hydrops.
Case presentations and discussion. Dr. Brenda Wagner. University Hospital. Shaughnessy
Site D308 at 8am. Call 875-
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Paediatric HIV/AIDS: Yesterday. Today And Tomorrow. Dr.
Jack Forbes, Div. of Infectious/
Immunological Diseases. GF
Strong Auditorium at 9am. Call
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
Cancelled this date, due to
the Pacific Health Forum.
UBC Bookstore Famous
Frank Ogden. author of The
Last Book That You'll Ever
Read, will be speaking on the
future of the printed word.
Bookstore at  12:30pm.    Call
Law Seminar
The O'Connor Case. Profs.
Christine Boyle/Marilyn
MacCrimmon, Law. Curtis
Conference Room from 12:30-
2pm.  Call 822-6506.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Recent Developments In
The Sampling And Analysis
Of Diisocyanates From Spray
Painting. Lee Monteith. lecturer; Mark Matyjas. student,
Environmental Health, U. of
Washington. Civil/Mechanical Engineering 1202 from
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Composting: Odour Emission And Odour Control Using
Biofilters. Anthony Lau. Bio-
Resource Engineering. Chem/
Engineering 206 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Education Studies Lecture
White Is A Colour! - White
Defensiveness. Post-Modernism And Anti-Racist Pedagogy.
I>eslie Roman, Social/Educational Studies. Diamond Club.
Simon Fraser U. from 4:30-
6:30pm.  Call 822-9583.
Theoretical Chemistry
Metal And Atom Interaction
In The Strong Polar Solvent. X
Ye, Chemistry. Chemistry 402
central wing at 4pm. Call 822-
Saturday, Oct. 30
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Reducing The Risk: Understanding And Promoting
Aids-Preventive Behaviour.
Prof. William Fisher, Psychology, U. of Western Ontario.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-
Liaison Office
The Multicultural Classroom: An Introduction
October 26, 3 to 5pm
Social Work 223
Please register at 822-9164 or facdev@cce.ubc.ca
Working with concerns of participants, instructors assist in
developing sensitivities and communication skills for
academics working in multicultural classrooms. Co-sponsored
by the Centre for Faculty Development and Instructional
White is a Colour!: White Defensiveness, Post
Modernism and Anti-Racist Pedagogy
October 29, 4:30 to 6:30
Diamond Club, Simon Fraser University
Speaker: Dr. Leslie Roman, Social and Educational Studies
Session open to all interested. Co-sponsored by the SFU
Faculty of Education Graduate Student Symposium Series
and the Multicultural Liaison Office. UBC. If You Build It	
John Chong photo
Maclnnes Field was the site of the Student Recreation Centre dedication ceremony Sept.
30. Those on hand included (left to right) Bill Dobie, president of the Alma Mater Society,
Professor Emeritus Lewis Robinson, chair of the University Athletic Council, James
Villeneuve of Labatt Breweries of British Columbia, President David Strangway, Chancellor
Robert Lee, and K.D. Srivastava, vice-president, Student and Academic Services. The
centre will cater to a wide range of social and recreational needs.
The Board of Governors at its
meeting of September 16, 1993
approved the following recommendations and received notice about the following items.
Heath Chamberlain, Assistant
Dean, Faculty of Arts, September
1, 1993 to June 30, 1998.
Ralph Rothstein, Acting
Associate Dean, Faculty of
Medicine, September 1, 1993 to
August 31, 1994.
James Orr, Associate Dean,
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, July 1, 1993 to June 30,
John Sinclair, Assistant Dean,
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, July 1, 1993 to June 30,
Roland  Lauener,   Associate
Dean, Faculty of Medicine, July
1, 1993 to June 30, 1994.
David Holm, Associate Dean,
Faculty of Science, July 1. 1993
to June 30, 1995.
David Measday, Associate Dean,
Faculty of Science, July 1, 1993
to June 30, 1995.
S.T.   Chieng,   Acting   Head.
Department  of Bio Resource
Engineering, July   1,   1993  to
December 31, 1993.
Margaret Arcus, Acting Director,
School of Family & Nutritional
Sciences, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1994.
J. Vanderstoep, Acting Head,
Department of Food Science,
July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994 or
until a new Head is appointed.
James Varah, Director, Centre
for Integrated Computer Systems
Research, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1996.
Paul Marantz, Chair, International Relations Programme, July
1, 1993 to June 30. 1994.
Gillian Creese. Chair. Women's
Studies Programme. July 1. 1993
to June 30, 1996.
Nicholas Jaeger, Director, Centre for Advanced Technology in
Microelectronics, July 1, 1993
to June 30, 1994.
Uri Ascher, Director, Institute
of Applied Mathematics, July 1,
1993 to June 30, 1998.
Philip Bragg, Head, Department
of Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology, July 1, 1993 to June 30,
John L. Benedet, Acting Head,
Department of Obstetrics &
Gynaecology, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1994.
Catherine Backman, Acting
Director, School of Rehabilitation
Sciences, August 1, 1993 to July
31, 1994.
Maria Klawe, Head, Department
of Computer Science, July 1,
1993 to June 30, 1998.
David Dixon. Assistant
Professor, Metals & Materials
Engineering, October 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1996.
Charles Dollar, Associate
Professor, School of Library,
Archival & Information Studies,
July 1, 1993 without term.
Kyung Ae Park, Assistant
Professor. Institute of Asian
Research, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1995 (joint with Political
Michael Klein. Professor,
Department of Family Practice,
July 1, 1993 without term.
Doris Doudet, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Medicine, July 1, 1993 to June
30. 1995.
Vincent Duronio, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Medicine, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1995.
Yuanhong Ma, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Medicine. July 1. 1993 to June
30. 1995.
Christopher Lyons. Assistant
Professor. Department of
Ophthalmology. July 1. 1993 to
June 30. 1995.
Stephen Tredwell, Associate
Professor, Department of
Orthopaedics, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1996.
John Kang-Min Wu, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Paediatrics, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1995.
John Mayo, Assistant Professor,
Department of Radiology, July
1. 1993 to June 30, 1995.
Susan Forwell, Instructor I,
School of Rehabilitation Sciences, July 1, 1993 to June 30,
Anton Grunfeld, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Surgery, September 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1995.
Brian Rodrigues, Assistant
Professor, Faculty        of
Pharmaceutical Sciences, July
1, 1993 to June 30, 1995.
The Board accepted the following
Lonny Carlile, Assistant
Professor, Department of Political
Science, December 31, 1993.
Anne S. McMillan. Assistant
Professor, Department of Clinical
Dental Sciences, August 31,
Jean Hills, Professor,
Department of Administrative,
Adult and Higher Education,
December 30, 1993.
Johann Krisinger, Assistant
Professor, Department of
Obstetrics & Gynaecology,
August 31, 1993.
CORRECTION - Resignation
Peter Jones. Associate
Professor. School of Family &
Nutritional Sciences. March 31.
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road. Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
(made out to UBC Reports) or internal requisition.
Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the Oct. 28,  1993 issue of UBC
Reports is noon, Oct. 19.
DO IT RIGHT! Statistical and
methodological consultation;
data analysis; data base
management; sampling
techniques; questionnaire
design, development, and
administration. Over 15 years of
research and consulting
experience in the social sciences
and related fields. 433-7807.
thesis? MSc? MA? Research
project? I cannot do it for you
but statistical data analysis,
statistical consulting, and data
management are my specialties.
Several years experience in
statistical analysis of research
projects. Extensive experience
with SPSS/SAS/Fortran on PCs and
mainframes. Reasonable rates.
Call Henry at 685-2500.
staff/students are available for
Nov. 1 for $860 or $875/month.
Rent includes all utilities and one
parking space. The unfurnished
self-contained apartments are
located in Acadia Park on
campus. For further information,
please call the UBC Housing
Office at 822-4411 from 8:30 am
to 4:00 pm Monday to Friday.
SANTA FE house for sabbatical
trade or rent. Three bedroom,
1.5 bath home on 1.5 acres, 25
minutes from city centre.
Sabbatical leave is from June '94
to Sept. '95. We are looking for a
quiet rural or semi-rural place to <
stay near Vancouver. Call 505-
Bed & Breakfast
editing, copy editing, rewriting,
grant proposals, dissertations,
reports, books. I would be
delighted to look at your
manuscript, showyou how I could
improve it, and tell you what I
would charge. Please call me for
more information. Timothy King,
GARDENS END Bed and Breakfast
in self-contained cottage.
Breakfast ingredients supplied.
Kerrisdale area. No pets or
smokers. $60 single, $15 each
additional person. (Maximum
four people.) 263-7083.
getaway. New, fully equipped
one-bedroom house on 10
wooded acres. Rent by week
($ 150) or by month ($350). Phone
limited number of two-bedroom
apartments for full-time faculty/
professionals and others
interested in science or natural -
history are meeting through a
North America-wide network. For'
info write: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, Ontario
N0A 1 NO or call 1 -800-667-5179.
pepper sprays, door, window, car
and personal security alarms.
Don't be the next victim. For free
booklet, phone toll free 1-979-
9651 and leave name and^
address only. Knight-N-Day
Protection Products.
Vancouver foundation
on your 50th Anniversary
With thanks from the
faculty; students and staff of WBC UBC Reports ■ October 14,1993 7
Family and Nutritional Sciences
marks five decades of change
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
The School of Family and
Nutritional Sciences bears little
resemblance to the stereotypical
image of a centre for cooking and
Rather, the school, first instituted at UBC as the Dept. of
Home Economics in 1943, has
always focused on issues of living in families and how families
manage their human and material resources.
Today, as the school prepares
to celebrate its 50th anniver
sary, these early beginnings have
evolved into programs which address the themes of
family development
and interpersonal relationships, family resource management,
the family context of
individual development, nutritional requirements, and the
absorption and metabolism of nutrients
and their role in main-
taining health and
preventing disease.
'The 1980s was a
Ha Howe 'en's Back
at the Faculty Club
"Fun for the Whole Family"
Members and Non-Members All Welcome
Treats and lots of fun!
A magician will be on hand
to entertain your little pumpkins
Prime Rib Dinner
Children's Menu
Friday, October 29th, 5:30 pm-8:30 pm, Faculty Club Ballroom
For reservations call 822-4693
...the best organized
International Congress
they had ever attended.'
John R Ledsome, MD- International Congress of Physiological Sciences
**...You provided meeting rooms for almost 4,000 people
and accommodation for over 2,000 for two weeks and did it
in a friendly and efficient manner."
Dr. Gordon A. McBean - International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
*6...You performed beyond the call of duty and were able
to foresee potential problems before they happened."
Dr. Daniel F. Gardiner- UBC Program for Executive Development
**...a mark of excellence to supply the needs of a
conference and receive no complaints!"
Mary Lou Bishotf- Anglican Renewal Ministries Conference
Let us help you plan
the best conference you've ever attended
•Accommodation in highrise towers with spectacular
ocean and mountain views
• Set on 1.000 wooded acres only 15 minutes from
Vancouver city centre
• Flexible meeting areas for groups from 10 to 3,000
• Complete audio-visual services and satellite
communications available
• Catering for events from barbecues to dinner dances
• Comprehensive conference organization and
systems support
Write, phone
or fax for
video and
Iniversity of British Columbia
5961 Studenl linion Boulevard
Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 2C9
Telephone (604) 822-1060
Fax (604) 822-1069
decade of significant development for the school," said Acting
Director Margaret
Arcus, who has been
associated with the
school since 1968.
"Prior to that,
only one degree, a
Bachelor of Home
Economics, was offered. The school
now offers two degrees of its own, the
BHE and a Bsc in
Dietetics, plus two
degrees in conjunction with the faculties of Arts and
a BSc in Nutritional
and a BA in Family
The 1980s also saw a name
change, from Home Economics
to Family and Nutritional Sciences, in order to reflect more
directly the major themes of the
In 1982, the school moved to
its current site on East Mall.
With it, came an expansion of its
research component. Faculty
members are currently involved
in diverse research projects such
as the influence of diet in the
treatment of diabetes and obesity; social, cultural and economic
influences on eating habits: and
parental and spousal bereavement in later life.
Student enrolment is also on
the rise. Undergraduate enrolment this year is almost at the
400 mark, a 25 per cent increase
over last year's figures. In the
last two years, the number of
graduate students has doubled
to 24.
"I believe the increased
enrolments in our programs reflect not only increasing interest
in family, nutritional and health
issues, but also the growing significance of these issues at the
individual, family and societal
levels," said Arcus.
The school will celebrate its
50th anniversary with a dinner
Oct. 23 at the Faculty Club.
Those scheduled to attend include Dorothy Jefferson, the first
head of the Dept. of Home Economics, as well as eight of the 15
members of the first graduating
class of 1946.
Local Heroes save their charitable
tax receipts when they give
money and take advantage of
the credit for charitable giving
on their tax form. You can use
the money you save to be an
even more generous     -v~-
Local Hero.
A New Spirit ol Giving
\ national program to encourage giving and volunteering.
by staff writers
Martha Salcudean, head of the Mechanical Engineering
Dept., has been appointed one of six new members ofthe
B.C. Science Council.
Salcudean, who is noted for her computer simulations of fluid flow in industrial processes, has published extensively,
has two patents to her credit and heads
several large collaborative projects with
major companies. On Nov. 1, she assumes a new position at UBC as associate
vice-president, Research.
Another member ofthe Science Council from UBC is Gail Bellward, a professor
in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
The Science Council promotes economic development and enhancement of
the quality of life in B.C. through innovative applications of
science and technology. The council also advises the provincial
government on science and technology issues.
NDP deputy national leader Nelson Riis was honoured for
his contribution to geography and national politics by the
UBC Geography Alumni at a general meeting Oct. 1.
Riis received his master's degree in geography from UBC in
1970 and established the first Geography Dept. in the interior of
British Columbia at Cariboo College in Kamloops.
There, he advocated geography in local planning and educational matters.
Riis was first elected to Parliament in 1980 as a New Democrat
member for the Kamloops riding. In 1988 he became NDP house
leader and then deputy national leader.
IMP ^i^^
ulian Davies, head ofthe Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, has received the Charles Thom Award from the
Society for Industrial Microbiology.
The award is given in recognition of
\     outstanding academic and research contributions to the advancement of the applied microbiological sciences.
Davies' research focuses on microbial
metabolites, and specifically on investigations of antibiotics, their function and
biosynthesis, and how microbes develop
resistance to antibiotics. In recent years,
he has been interested in molecular studies of pathogenesis in bacteria and fungi.
Davies • • • •
The Faculty Club has named its board of directors for 1993.
They are:
Prof. Felix Aubke, Chemistry; Assoc. Prof. Cedric
Carter, Pathology; Steve Crombie, Community Relations;
Ron Dumouchelle, Development; Assist. Prof. Ann Dusing.
Classics (secretary); Assoc. Prof. Elizabeth Edinger, Law
(vice-chair); Michael Hartwick, Internal Audit (treasurer);
Byron Hender, Student and Academic Services; Assoc. Prof.
Kenny Kwok, Physiology; and Prof. Chris Mcintosh, Physiology (chair).
Prof. Daniel Nsereko has been appointed the Walter S.
Owen Visiting Professor of Law at UBC, where he will teach
international human rights law.
For the last eight years, Nsereko has served as dean of the
law school at the University of Botswana as well as a consultant at six universities in East, Central and Southern Africa
Nsereko was recently a candidate forjudge ofthe international tribunal prosecuting persons responsible for violations of international humanitarian law in the former
Dr. David Bates, a professor emeritus of medicine,   is the
recipient of two honours.
Bates, who served as dean of UBC's Faculty of Medicine
from 1972 to 1977. was awarded the Edward Livingstone
Trudeau Medal from the American Thoracic Society at the
society's annual meeting in San Francisco last May.
He is the third Canadian in 60 years to receive the honour,
named after the society's founder. The medal is presented for
outstanding contributions to the field of thoracic medicine.
Last spring. Bates delivered the Jessie and John Danz
Lectures at the University ofWashington in Seattle, discussing
public policy and the protection of public health.
He is the first Canadian and UBC faculty member to deliver
the Danz lectures, the highest award conferred by the University
ofWashington. 8 UBC Reports  October 14, 1993
Breathless in B.C.
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
How do seals hold their breath for
two hours while diving deep
beneath the polar ice? And how
can Andes Indians do strenuous work
at altitudes where most people would
gasp for air?
These are the biological mysteries
that drive the research of Peter
Hochachka, a professor in UBC's
Zoology Dept.
Hochachka has studied a wide range
of animals, including humans, to
understand how they combat the state
of hypoxia, or lack of oxygen. His
research has taken him to locales that
sound like destinations in an adventure
travel brochure: Kenya, Peru, Antarctica, the Philippines, the Amazon, and
the Galapagos Islands.
His work has earned him world-wide
respect as a pioneer in the fields of
comparative biochemistry and physiological adaptations, and have furthered our understanding of
evolutionary processes.
The path that led Hochachka to the
far corners of the world began in rural
Alberta, where he spent his boyhood on
a farm. Moving to Edmonton, he later
entered the University of Alberta, but a
life-long passion still eluded him.
"I wasn't one of those lucky kids who
knew what they wanted to do when
they started university." he said.
He decided to become a doctor, more
by default than out of a strong desire,
but in his second undergraduate year,
some inspiring teachers turned his
head around.
"I discovered a whole universe out
there — in the life sciences — that I
didn't know existed."
After completing his master's degree
at Dalhousie, Hochachka arrived at
North Carolina's Duke University to do
his doctoral thesis. The first thing his
new colleagues wanted to know was:
trout or goldfish?
Canadian biologists are famous for
their research with fish, and
those two species are favourite
subjects, so their query was only partly
tongue-in-cheek. As it turned out, he
had studied both.
After completing his PhD.
Hochachka pondered offers from seven
top universities. One was UBC. He
arrived here one dark winter night and
took a room in the Faculty Club.
The next morning I looked out the
window and just about had a heart
attack," he said, remembering the sight
of mountains, ocean and snow-covered
cedar forest against a brilliant blue sky.
Vancouver's scenic wonders may
have helped make the decision easier,
he allows now, but more importantly,
Zoology Head William Hoar was then
putting together what Hochachka calls
the best comparative physiology group
in the world. That, and a desire to
return to Canada, brought him to UBC
in the fall of 1966.
A few years later, Hochachka was
sitting with some of his colleagues at
the Vancouver Aquarium, watching a
killer whale circle and swim. If only
there was an instrument that could
collect blood samples from a marine
mammal while it was diving, they
John Cheng photo
Biologist Peter Hochachka has roamed the world trying to understand how
some people and animals can survive with little or no oxygen. He's
discovered the best place to look for answers is his UBC lab.
"I didn't think we would see anything like that in our lifetimes," he said.
But 10 years later, he accomplished
this technological feat in the world's
most forbidding place — Antarctica.
A visiting professor at Harvard
Medical School. Hochachka was part of
a team that journeyed to McMurdo
Station, just 800 miles from the South
Pole. They came in
search of the Weddell
seal, a remarkable ^^■"■"^^^"
animal that can dive
for up to two hours
without taking a
The researchers
strapped backpacks
containing microcomputers, the
equivalents of Apple
lis, onto the seals.
Thanks to the
computers, they were        	
able to collect a
series of blood
samples and directly monitor the seal's
physiology and biochemistry, and its
response to hypoxia, as it dived to
depths of 650 metres in water of - 2 C.
It may have been home sweet home
to the seals, but not to the researchers.
"You can't take a
late 20th century
lab high into the
Andes. It was more
sensible to bring
them here."
Out of all the remote and lonely places
Hochachka had travelled, this was the
only spot from which he felt he might
not make it home.
He and fellow researchers were
caught in a sudden blizzard. The wind
chill fell to horrendous levels of -90 C.
The storm raged on for 18 hours, their
chance of survival growing dimmer
with each passing
^""^■^^^^" "We were all quite
scared. If the storm
had lasted any
longer, we would
have been in serious
trouble," he said.
In other research,
Hochachka led an
expedition aboard
an American research vessel to the
Galapagos Islands
        in 1970. There they
studied fish that live
under tremendous
pressure two miles beneath the
ocean's surface in near freezing
A few years later, he travelled to the
Amazon, studying how fish have
adapted to the river's low oxygen levels.
Hochachka found that one species,
the pirarucu. had adjusted by revamping its organ systems. I! had a huge
kidney, a lung to breathe air and a
heart five times as large as its water-
breathing cousins.
In 1988 Hochachka leapt at the
opportunity to look for hypoxia defense
mechanisms in human beings living at
extreme altitudes. The subjects were
six men of the Quechua people, descendants of the Incas who live in the
Peruvian Andes at elevations of 3,500
to 5.000 metres.
After conducting baseline tests in
Peru. Hochachka took the Quechua to
research labs at UBC and the University of Alberta. Here, he was able to
perform not just routine physiological
and biochemical tests, but ultra-
sophisticated techniques such as
magnetic resonance imaging and
positron emission tomography.
By bringing the Quechua to Canada
for study, Hochachka had broken a
long tradition of biological research.
"When I first entered the field it was
dominated by the idea of the world as a
natural laboratory. The working
paradigm was that you took the lab to
the organism. But I feel this has held
the field back. You can't take a late
20th century lab high into the Andes. It
was more sensible to bring them here."
The project bore spectacular
results. The Quechua showed a
remarkable metabolic efficiency,
making oxygen go further or do more
than lowlanders could ever hope to.
Hochachka looked for molecular
adaptation responses in their skeletal
muscle, heart and brain and found
profound biochemical adaptations in
all three. It implied that over the
generations, the Quechua have made
genetic adaptations to life at high
Hochachka feels his major accomplishment has been to establish cross-
species connections in responses to low
or zero oxygen environments.
"We've been able to identify three or
four recurring themes in hypoxia
defence mechanisms, three or four
fundamental mechanisms in a variety
of biological settings which makes us
think they are universally required for
low oxygen survival," he said.
Hochachka's success has not gone
unrecognized by his peers. He has won
a clutch of awards, including the B.C.
Science Council Gold Medal, the
Canada Council/Killam Memorial Prize
and fellowships such as the Killam,
Guggenheim and Queen Elizabeth II.
Increasingly, Hochachka's work has
also been of interest to doctors. They
have invited him to speak at meetings
on stroke, cardiac arrest and acute
kidney failure, where the cause of
tissue and organ death is a lack of
Clinicians see the possibility of
borrowing lessons from animals and
healthy humans that have an inborn
resistance to hypoxia. One day,
Hochachka's research might suggest
ways of limiting the damage done by
lack of oxygen in strokes and heart
Although he once considered and
abandoned a career as a doctor,
Hochachka may yet help people in
medical distress.


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