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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 31, 1967

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VOLUME 13, No. 1
c^uverMAR:.   7 lyb^^^r
The new director of the University
of B.C. Extension Department, Gordon
R. Selman, 39, foresees increased demand for part-time study toward degrees, and increased emphasis on continuing professional and technical
education as major extension developments.
Mr. Selman's appointment has been
approved by the UBC Board of Governors effective Jan. 1. He will continue duties as secretary to the
Board and executive assistant to President John B. Macdonald until June
30, when Dr. Macdonald's resignation
is effective.
Mr. Selman succeeds Dr. John K.
Friesen as Extension director. Dr.
Friesen resigned last fall to enter
world population control work.
"Gordon Selman is widely recognized as one of Canada's most outstanding administrators in university continuing education," said UBC President John B. Macdonald.
"The University -faces the future in
this increasingly important undertaking with great confidence under his
leadership. I have come to know him
well in his capacity as executive assistant to the President, and I have
high admiration for his qualities of
mind and judgment as well as for his
great capacity to draw out the best
in those with whom he associates.
"The University of B.C. is fortunate
in  its  choice for this  important succession to the imaginative leadership
provided by Dr. John Friesen."
Born in Vancouver, Mr. Selman is a
UBC graduate. He wrote a history of
the Department of Extension as thesis
for his master of arts degree, and
served in Extension from 1954 until
he moved to the President's office in
late 1965. He was associate director
of Extension from 1960 to 1965.
Commenting on the Extension Department's future, Mr. Selman said:
"The need for continuing education
in our province is increasingly urgent
and obvious.  Its  implications for hu-
Please turn to back page
INTENSIVE STUDY of two Malaysian states is being carried out by two political
scientists even though they are separated by 8,000 miles. Prof. R. S. Milne, head
of UBC's political science department, reaches half way around the globe to show
where co-researcher K. J. Ratnam is located at the University of Singapore. See
story on page seven.
Major  American  Grant
Boosts Planner Training
ber Professor of Medicine is Dr. Robert  B.  Kerr.   See story  on   page  8.
The University of B.C. has become
the first Canadian university to receive a major grant — $150,000 —
from the Richard King Mellon Charitable Trusts to expand training of
graduate students in urban and regional planning.
The grant is payable over three
years. UBC has received $50,000 for
1966. It will be used by the Division
of Community and Regional Planning,
Faculty of Graduate Studies, as directed by the donor to:
• Provide Mellon Fellowships in
City Planning and Urban Renewal,
• Provide faculty salaries, $20,000.
• Provide flexibly, either fellowships or faculty salaries, $10,000.
Mellon Trust Grants of this kind
were given to 12 major American
universities in 1964, to 15 in 1965, and
to UBC in addition in 1966.
A spokesman for Richard King Mellon Charitable Trusts said: "We wish
to emphasize the point that these
funds are to be over and above the
regular department budget for community   and   regional   planning   .   .   .
"(The grants) were prompted by
our belief in the importance of improving  the   professional   capabilities
of men and women now involved in
city planning, urban renewal or closely related fields, and to encourage
a greater number of talented persons
to achieve excellence in urban development."
Dr. H. Peter Oberlander, director
of UBC's division of community and
regional planning, said the grant is
the largest single award to a planning
school in Canada.
"This unusual and large grant was
made to the UBC planning division
in recognition of its leadership in
professional education for city planning in Canada, and its success in
training qualified practitioners for
more than a dozen years.
"This is the first time that the Mellon Trusts have made a major grant
to a Canadian university in any field,
and it is the largest single award to
a planning school in Canada.
"The purpose is to strengthen and
expand teaching, education and research in urban and regional planning, with special emphasis on regional resource development and con-
Please turn to back p<it*e
The University of B.C. Senate and
Board of Governors have approved a
faculty of arts program described by
President John B. Macdonald as "the
most fundamental change in curriculum in the history of the faculty."
The experimental program, entitled
Arts I, will enrol 240 first year students at the beginning of the 1967-68
session in September. Successful completion will carry credit for nine units,
or three-fifths of first year work.
Dean of Arts Dennis Healy said the
new program will give volunteering
faculty members the freedom to devise a unique course of study on topics
relevant  to   contemporary   society.
"The keynote of the new program
will be its flexibility," he said. "The
instructors will decide among themselves both the content of the program
and the methods of instruction.
"The Faculty of Arts discussed the
Arts I program for more than two
years before it was judged ready for
submission to the Senate and the
Board of Governors.
"Lectures, debates, seminars, tutorials and periods of individual study
will be used to promote in the student
the spirit of disciplined and critical
inquiry which forms a true education.
"A feature of the program will be a
planned sequence of oral reports and
fortnightly essays to encourage the
student to be articulate and resourceful in collecting and assessing information, developing ideas and arguments, and fostering the powers of
the imagination."
The 240 students who volunteer for
the course will be divided into two
sections of 120 students each. Each
section will be staffed by six instructors. Each instructor will be in charge
of 20 students.
Each section will meet as a group
for lectures by the six instructors in
turn, or by guest lecturers, and each
instructor will conduct seminars and
tutorials for his own group of 20
Dean Healy said this arrangement
is designed to encourage excellence in
lecturing and the highest degree of
intellectual interaction among instructors and students.
The 12 volunteer instructors teaching the program will devote two-thirds
"of their teaching time to it, and will
elect a steering committee for staffing
lecture sections and coordinating the
courses of study.
No instructors have yet been assigned to the program, the Dean said,
but two interested faculty groups have
drawn  up illustrative curricula.
One proposal was a course of study
divided into five areas: communications (focus on elections); tyranny
(focus on Nazi Germany); war (focus
on the Peloponnesian War and the
first World War); imperialism (focus
on British India), and Utopian thought
and ideas.
The. final course of study to be followed by each section will be determined by its instructors in consultation with the steering committee,
Dean Healy said.
Students successfully completing
the Arts I program would receive
credit for three-fifths of their first
year work, i.e., nine units, Dean Healy
The Arts I program will take the
place of the first year English course
and two of the elective subjects open
to students in the first year.
In addition, the student would probably take an intensive language
course, or a combination of sciences,
or a science and mathematics, chosen
in consultation with a faculty adviser. CANADA'S NEGLECTED EXPATRIATES
Campaign  on  to  Bring  Graduates  Home
Lack of interest by Canadian universities, governments and business and industry has cost Canada
many thousands of its brightest and best-trained
young  minds.
For years, there was no organized effort by
Canadian interests to attract back to this country
young Canadians who undertook graduate studies at
American  universities.
Students interested in returning to Canada after
obtaining degrees found their letters to Canadian
universities, companies and governments about employment prospects were usually met with indifference, or ignored.
American interests found no competition from
Canada in recruiting young Canadians on American
How to turn this costly brain drain into a brain
gain for Canada has been a developing project, under
the leadership of the Association of Universities and
Institute of Technology and University of California
at Berkeley and Los Angeles) consisted of University of B.C. Dean of Arts Dennis Healy and Simon
Fraser  University Dean  of Science  K.  E.  Rieckhoff.
One of their recommendations was: "The Canadian public should be told more about our students
Here are some highlights from the AUCC report
and the reports of visiting teams:
Dr. Sheffield's introduction:
One hears that Canada is short of high-level manpower. This is hard for Canadian graduate students
abroad to believe, because so little effort is made to
see that they receive offers of employment at home.
Communication between them and possible employers is fantastically poor. Information doesn't flow.
Letters remain unanswered. Local employers,
especially in the United States, are given practically
no competition by Canadian employers . . .
UBC'S DEAN of arts Dennis Healy, left, and Dr.
Klaus Rieckhoff, acting dean of science at Simon Fraser
University, were one of nine teams from Canadian
universities which visited American university campuses recently on behalf of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada to meet Canadian gradtt-
Colleges of Canada, since President Murray G. Ross
of York University publicly called attention to the
neglected expatriates late in 1964, after visiting
Canadians taking graduate studies at the Berkeley
campus of the  University of California.
Nine teams have made tours of major American
campuses, and to some universities in Britain and
Western Europe, to meet Canadian graduate students, to assess their attitudes toward returning to
Canada, and to study methods of encouragement and
I assistance that could be undertaken by Canadian
interests. The teams consisted mainly of Canadian
academics, with some representatives of federal government agencies.
"Unfortunately, Canadian industry was not represented to the disappointment of both the students
encountered by the visiting teams and the AUCC
which arranged the tours," comments AUCC Director
of Research Edward F. Sheffield, in the recently
issued AUCC Report, "The Retrieval of Canadian
Graduate   Students   from   Abroad."
The report summarizes retrieval efforts since 1964
and incorporates reports from the nine visiting
Six of the teams participated last spring in Operation Retrieval, organized following an Ottawa meeting called by Research Director Sheffield and attended by representatives of The Canada Council, the
Department of Citizenship and Immigration, the
Department of External Affairs, the Department of
Industry, the Department of Labor, the Canadian
Association of University Teachers, the Association
of Canadian University Teachers of English, the Civil
Service Commission of Canada, The Economic Council of Canada, the National Research Council and
the Science Secretariat of the Privy Council of
The team visiting six West Coast American universities   (Washington,   Oregon,   Stanford,   California
ates students to assess their attitudes about returning to
Canada and to recommend methods to attract them
back. The two deans are shown discussing the report
of the nine teams, entitled "The Retrieval of Canadian
Graduate Students From Abroad," published by the
AUCC.  Photo by B. C. Jennings.
From this (Berkeley, 1964) meeting, Dr. Ross concluded Canadian students abroad lose touch quickly
with developments at home, that most of those he
met felt they would have better job and career
opportunities in the United States than in Canada,
and many of them felt, at that time, little interest
in Canada in their return.
General report and recommendations derived from
Operation Retrieval, 1966, which involved visits by
six teams to American, British and European campuses:
It is estimated that in 1965 there were about 12,000
Canadian students in universities outside Canada —
roughly 10,003 in the United States, 1,000 in Britain,
and 1,000 elsewhere, chiefly in Western Europe. Of
these 12,000, probably up to half (6,000) were graduate students.
In the universities visited by AUCC teams, Canadian graduate students numbered approximately
3,000, of whom more than 600 were met by team
members. Without reservation, it can be said that
the discoveries of all seven teams reinforced those
of the 1965 pilot team.
The students were grateful, if surprised, for the
interest being shown in them; they were out of touch
with opportunities at home; they were discouraged
by lack of response to letters they addressed to Canadian   employers;   they   regretted  the  absence  of  in-
Volume 13, No. 1 — January, 1967. Authorized as second
class mail by the Post Office Department, Ottawa, and for
payment of postage in cash. Published by the University
of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to
friends and graduates of the University. Material appearing herein may be reproduced freely. Letters are welcome
and should be addressed to The Information Office, UBC,
Vancouver 8,  B.C.
dustrial representation; they were being actively
courted by American employers. Most significantly, it
was evident they are prepared to return home,-given
the opportunity.
On the basis of recommendations made by the
several teams, the editors suggest the following
action to encourage the retrieval of Canadian graduate students from abroad:
Annual visits to academic centres in the United
States, Britain and Europe where significant numbers
of Canadians are pursuing graduate studies should
be continued.
Each team should include representatives of the
three chief types of agencies employing university
graduates—universities, governments and industries.
The Canada Department of Manpower should be
encouraged to become the central agency for the
promotion of the retrieval of Canadian graduate students from abroad, and should bear the costs.
Compilation and distribution of information concerning Canadians studying abroad (names, addresses, fields of study, etc.) should become the
responsibility of one department of government,
preferably the  Department of Manpower.
Most Canadians have no clear idea as to how to
go about acquiring posts in Canada while they are
studying abroad. Again, the Department of Manpower appears to be the logical agency through
which such guidance should be made available.
Operation Retrieval should become the responsibility of the federal government, with assistance,
participation and co-operation from the AUCC. Failing this, the AUCC should be prepared to organize
future tours with assistance from supporting agencies
as has occurred in the past
In choosing university representatives for future
tours, the AUCC should attempt to secure the services of senior academic personnel, preferably those
with wide responsibility in the university.
University officials should follow up information
provided to students by the AUCC with prompt
responses to inquiries, encouragement of the student,
and offers of post-doctoral fellowships, if not actual
positions, so that the student may be encouraged to
return on at least an exploratory basis.
Report of Dean Healy of UBC and Dean Rieckhoff
of SFU:
The idea of sending a team, representing all the
colleges and universities of Canada, is excellent.
Canadians in the United States and all the Americans
we met were impressed by the lack of petty rivalry
between universities and between departments of
neighboring universities (i.e. UBC and Simon
American employers deal courteously and promptly with the correspondence that they receive from
graduate students who are looking for employment.
If the applicant is of interest to them they will often
use the long distance telephone to speed up negotiations. Some Canadian employers use form letters
and take weeks to reply.
Communication between departments of universities in Canada and departments of American universities leaves something to be desired. Heads of
departments in Canada should notify their counterparts in the United States of their staff needs.
It is not easy for a graduate student in the United
States to find out where there are vacancies in Canadian colleges and universities. It is very hard to find
out about vacancies in the services of provincial
governments or the federal government It is almost
impossible to find out about vacancies in industry
from a distance.
We can get a lot of Canadians back, if we try,
and we should ask them to help us recruit first class
Americans for posts in Canada. Any practice that
discourages the movement of highly trained people
who want to go south and come north should be
reviewed. Crossing the border should be made easy
for them.
We sensed that some Canadians were reluctant
to return home because the universities they attended, four or five years ago, seemed_ to them
strongholds of conservatism where faculties tended
to resist new ideas and oppose change. What these
young people do not realize is that the Canadian
academic community is on the move and the universities that they knew are changing. A steady
flow of information would correct their anachronistic views.
Most of the graduate students whom we met have
no clear idea of how to go about finding a job. They
are sometimes told not to write to prospective employers themselves. They don't know if they should
answer advertisements or try some less direct
In attempting to hire highly trained Canadians
or Americans in the United States, Canadian employers should bear in mind that they are dealing
with people who have a wide range of employment
opportunities there. If they want to get good people
for vacancies in Canada, they will have to stop using
form letters and stop treating them as ordinary job
applicants, which of course they are not. We were
shown letters from potential Canadian employers
that were in many instances frigid and in some,
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An Expanding UBC Library Faces Critical Problems
UBC's Librarian, Basil Stuart Stubbs, above,
says 1965-66 was "clearly the most remarkable year"
in the history of the campus Library in his
report to the Senate. He warns, however, that the
sharply increased flow of material raises
"grave and immediate problems" for the Library,
Excerpts from his report appear in the story
beginning at the top of this page. Details of
a recent grant that will permit a computer
analysis of Library use begins at the
bottom of the opposite page.
The $3 million gift by Dr. H. R. MacMillan
enabled the University of B.C. Library to
spend as much money acquiring books and
periodicals as any library in North America
in the year ended August 31.
UBC Librarian Basil Stuart Stubbs says in
his annual report to the UBC Senate that
during the first year the MacMillan gift has
been used to supplement available University operating funds in book buying, expenditure has tripled to $1,613,087, from $516,153
in 1964-65.
"It is probable that no other library in
North America exceeded this figure in that
period," the report says.
It calls the 1965-66 year, during which the
Library entered its second half-century,
"clearly the most remarkable year" in
Library history.
The report warns, however, that because
of the sharply increased inflow of library
material, and rising demands on library
service, "grave and immediate problems
must be resolved if the library is to remain
in harmony with the University community."
Foremost problems enumerated  are:
• Finding operating funds to maintain a
high rate of book acquisition and to employ
an adequate staff.
• Finding capital to provide more library
building space to avert a space shortage
crisis that threatens within two years.
$20,000 Gift Will
Equip Library in
New UBC Building
UBC has received the first half of a
$20,000 grant from Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Co. to equip and furnish
a fifty-seat library and reading room in
a new metallurgy building.
The six-storey building, now under
construction on a site immediately north
of the new forestry-agriculture complex
on UBC's main mall, will be part of a
six-building applied science complex in
the same area.
Dr. Edward Teghtsoonian, head of the
metallurgy department, said the funds
would be used for book purchases and
furnishings for the combined library-
reading room and would be open to students at all levels and faculty members.
The metallurgy building facility is part
of a general plan to provide decentralized library facilities in new campus
buildings for easier access to books and
current journals.
The report says that the high rate of
acquisition spending in 1965-66 "proved to be
crippling to the routines of the Processing
Divisions, so the Senate Library Committee
agreed to set the budget for 1966-67 at a
more manageable $1.25 million."
It reveals that the $3 million MacMillan
gift, originally scheduled to be used over 10
years to supplement University operating
funds in buying books, all will be spent at
the end of the third year, by March, 1968.
Mr. Stuart Stubbs commented today: "Our
greatly expanded acquisition effort due to
the generous MacMillan gift brought forward so many opportunities that it would
have been foolish to turn down, that the rate
of expenditure was sharply increased."
Summing up his report, Mr. Stuart Stubbs
"The Library's growth rate in collections
during the last year, due to the munificent
benefaction of H. R. MacMillan, has probably exceeded that of any North American
"The University administration has been
generous and helpful in providing staff and
equipment to select, process and assimilate
this record increase in acquisitions.
"The Library has simplified and automated procedures and routines of production and service to accelerate processing and
servicing of library materials.
"But grave and immediate problems must
be resolved if the library is to remain in
harmony with the University community.
"By March, 1968, when the MacMillan gift
will be exhausted, an equivalent level of
annual book funds must be maintained if
the Library is to provide collections adequate to the University's teaching and resource programs.
"The insufficient expansion of Library
building capacities for storage, work space,
and service will drastically hinder future
"Capital funds for Library buildings must
be included in the current University development   program.
"And annual revisions in Library salaries
must be competitive if the Library is to
attract and retain staff of sufficiently high
calibre and experience to meet the academic,
administrative and technical demands of a
major graduate and research  library."
Other highlights  of the report are:
1. "Considering its age and size, the University of B.C. Library again proved to have
surprisingly strong collections."
2. UBC Library is engaged with the
libraries of Simon Fraser University and
the University of Victoria in co-operative
collecting to avoid duplication in materiel
used for graduate and research work and to
build three collections that "will complement rather than imitate each others ... as
a single great resource for higher education,
in British Columbia."
3. In the transmission of information in an
educational context, electronic recording
and computers will not be a substitute for
books in the foreseeable future, if ever.
The report says that UBC Library "is in
an enviable position where book funds and
collections are concerned. Methods of book
selection are sound, the budget for purchases is equal to the needs of the day, the
collection of over 800,000 volumes is an excellent one by any standard, and as it passes
the million mark in 1967, will be that much*
"Unfortunately,   this   bright   picture   is
shadowed by growing difficulties in . . . the
cataloguing of books, the storing of books,
and  ultimately  in  the availability of funds"
for the  purchase of books  . . ."
"The staff . . , has performed remarkably
in dealing with these problems over which
they   have  control   but there  are   problems
ahead,  the  solutions to  which  are  outside"
the jurisdiction of the Library . . ."
The Librarian warned that though the
Senate Library Committee has cut back the „
acquisition budget for 1966-67 to alleviate
processing problems, "once an appetite for-
heavy spending is whetted it cries out to be
satisfied, and the pressures to exceed the
budgeted amount are growing . . . Even at
the not so modest but somewhat diminished
-rate of expenditure, the funds donated by
Mr. MacMillan will be exhausted by March,
1968 — in the budget year following the
present year.   What then?
"The acquisition program cannot sustain
a serious reduction without hopelessly retarding the growing of the Library and reducing its effectiveness. Opportunities for
the purchase of desirable and even essential
material would be passed over. Alt allocations would be reduced, and the flow of current material would be slowed to a trickle.
"This situation would be detrimental to
the aims and standards of the University . . .
There is no alternative ... A high rate of
expenditure for library collections must be
maintained from one source of funds or another."
Mr. Stuart Stubbs reported that the
Library's second problem arising from accelerated growth is a developing shortage of
space for books, and for personnel to manage, process and service these books.
"A critical shortage of space exists now,
and in the absence of early and radical
solutions, the situation will be unmanageable inside of two years."
The Librarian said that 20,000 volumes
•waited cataloguing at the end of the 1965-66
year and the backlog would rise to 45,000 by
the end of 1966-67, A computerized system
for making these books available without
full cataloguing had been devised, but the
books could not be added to the stacks and
full information about them available until
they had been catalogued.
"Moreover, space for catalogued materials
is diminishing rapidly. The main Library,
the Sedgewick Library and the Woodward
Library have a capacity of 920,000 volumes,
and they presently contain 666,000 volumes.
■ At present cataloguing rates, the remaining
ispace will be filled by 1970 or earlier.
I "With books taking up more and more
jarea, there is no space for additional staff in
:the processing divisions. Thus the Library
finds itself on the horns of a dilemma.
"To catalogue more books, more staff is
!needed. There is no space for staff, even
ithough the University is not unwilling to
jsupply the staff required. Therefore the
.backlog will grow inexorably.
"Barring a sudden influx of capital funds,
the earliest possible date for the beginning
Of additional library construction is 1968 —
which is to say, no finished space until 1969
or 1970.
"The breaking point will have been
:resched before then, so other solutions must
be(fc*und. Unfortunately, these solutions
arc; alike in being unpleasant.
•"The remote storage of books is one
possibility, but this would be an expensive
and non-productive use of university operating funds, and would hamper the utility
and efficiency of the Library.
("The commandeering of public areas
for' book collections and personnel has been
suggested, but the need for student seating
lis extreme already.
j "The third solution would be to move
jlibrarv divisions into temporary space on
(campus, but this kind of space is usually
jnot fireproof, is expensive to adapt to
llibrary purposes, and would render library
collections inconvenient to both users and
staff ...
"It is no news that the University is
desperately short of capital funds, but it
may come as a surprise to some that the
Library, despite its impressive bulk, is in
urgent  need of further  construction.
"It may also come as a surprise that unless special arrangements are made soon,
thei happy days of lavish expenditures for
bodks will be over.
Tfie fact is that the library is approaching a crisis which in its major dimensions
can only be avoided by healthy doses of that
familiar remedy,  money."
During the last four years, recorded use
of library materials has doubled, to surpass
onto million items loaned during 1965-66, the
Librarian's report says.
^'Unfortunately, the Library was not in a
position to meet the real service load, again
bejcause  of the  related shortages  of space
and staff. It is a plain fact that the reference
services, special library facilities and student seating required by a campus population of 20,000 persons do not exist, and will
not exist for some time."
Rising enrollment, methods of instruction
that tend to emphasize the use of literature,
and proposals for new student programs
now being considered will increase pressures on the library service, the report said.
The Library did not have enough reference librarians to keep public information
desks open during the entire 100 hours a
week the Library operates.
"Students and faculty frequently turn to
other libraries for assistance, notably the
Vancouver Public Library, itsslf already
over-burdened as a result of the undeveloped state of local school and special
Mr. Stuart Stubbs reported that a change
to the appointment of librarians through
the UBC Board of Governors, and a substantial upward revision in salaries during the
year brought UBC Librarians into more
favorable comparison with libraries in other
Canadian institutions, and permitted more
recognition of varying responsibilities,
"The shortage of librarians is so acute in
both Canada and the United States that
many institutions consider themselves fortunate if they can merely fill positions.
There are only three accredited schools in
Canada, at McGill University, the University of Toronto, and the University of British
Columbia, and the number of graduates of
these schools falls far short of national demand. This year UBC was not able to hire
any new graduates from the two eastern
schools. Nor could it fill vacant positions
with graduates from its own school."
UBC had been able to recruit graduates
from American institutions including Rutgers University, Denver University, The
University of Southern California, and the
University of California at Berkeley and at
Los Angeles, the Librarian said.
"Our experience this year points up one
fact: that our recruiting ground during this
period of shortage of trained librarians
must extend beyond Canada's borders, and
salaries must be competitive within this
larger sphere."
Despite many problems, the Librarian reported, "considering its age and size, the
University of B.C. Library again proved to
have surprisingly strong collections." It had
80 percent of the scientific reference books,
sets and series used as a yardstick in 1955
by Prof. George S. Bonn in a survey in the
science and technology areas conducted for
the National Research Council. In periodical
literature, UBC Library ranked among the
top three collections in Canada in most subject fields.
Mr. Stuart Stubbs commented that microfilm   offers   no   promise   of   solving   library
space problems. While effective in storing
materials only infrequently consulted, "it is
completely impractical for frequently consulted materials in an environment of mass
education, as anyone who has used a microform reader will readily understand (because of) the physical task of copying the
material, and the supply of sufficient machinery to enable readers to have access to
the copied  material."
Nor is computer storage a substitute for
books, he writes. It has the same problems
as microfilm "multiplied a thousandfold."
Co-operation between libraries in selecting and purchasing books could help reduce
the eventual size of collections somewnat,
he sard.
"Unquestionably universities must be able
to meet the needs of their own undergraduate bodies, but when it comes to ths
collections needed for graduate study and
research, it would be desirable to avoid
duplication and triplication at the three
pubJic universities ...
"Within a dicadi the collections of UBC,
the University of Victoria and Simon Fraser
University will total several million volumes.
Co-operative collection planning is now
taking place, with the result that the collections will complement rather than imitate
ona another. Improved methods of communication will make it possible for these
collections to act as a single great resource
for higher education in British Columbia."
The lights of UBC's Library burn far into the„night to service the needs of students and faculty.
UBC   Pioneers  in   Computer  Analysis  of  Library   Use
UBC has received a $50,000 grant to« establish, the first system of
computer analysis of how students, faculty and researchers use a large
research library in an academic setting.
The grant is the first made to UBC by the Doainer Canadian Foundation, a recently established body related to the Donner Foundation in
the United States.
"Our project will provide a solid, continuing statistical picture of
library use patterns not now available elsewhere," said Librarian Basil
Stuart Stubbs. "It will enable the UBC library to improve its service
and make more effective use of all library- resources, and it promises
many highly useful by-products."
Mr. Stubbs said the system can be develdVpfed, can be copied, or
adapted by other large research libraries, and is thus of great significance
in the library world.
"Although universities all over North Ameftica.are lavishing money
on their libraries to meet vast increases in demands for library services,
there is no real knowledge of just how large research libraries are used
so it has not been possible to make scientificj^dlecisions on many unanswered questions. .
"How can library money be most effectively spent? How large should
a library be? What books should it con-tain^ arid how many copies of
particular books? j
"What is the most desirable loan period in relation to the borrower's
need and the requirements of good library selrviice? What is the best
location   for  books   in   the  heaviest  use? WM jb*oks should be  moved
to storage? What effects do books have on stu'
"By   collecting   statistics   and   storing   themj
ide^nt performance?
*n   magnetic   tape   for
analysis by computer, we will be able to provide for the first time any
where a sound factual base upon which to answer questions of this kind,"
Mr. Stuart Stubbs said.
UBC's library is in a position to undertake the project because, a
year ago, it became the first research library to install an IBM 1030
data collection system to control a large and complex collection of books,
the Librarian said.
"The data collection system has provided a central record of all
loans and borrowers from the main library and from the Sedgewick
College Library and the Woodward Library for biomedical subjects,"
Mr. Stuart Stubbs said. "It has printed a list of books most frequently
used by undergraduates. But beyond that, we could not afford until
now to exploit its real potential.
"As recent library surveys have shown, our library of 800,000 volumes
offers a very fine selection of materials for its size due to many years
of careful acquisition work, which makes it ideal for research of the
kind we are undertaking.
"In the future we will have several more campus branch libraries.
We are now serving 25,000 users and our collection is growing at the
rate  of   100,000 volumes  a year—to reach  two  million volumes by   1975.
"AM of this makes essentia) computerized operating controls and
continuing  computer  analysis  of  library  use   patterns.
"We will be able to determine, for instance, which books are infrequently used and can be retired to storage, making more efficient
use of active building space.
"Usage will be a major factor in determining the number and kind
of books in specialized campus branch collections."
The system will provide statistical pictures of the use of library
resources by undergraduates, by graduate students, by faculty members
and by other borrowers; the comparative use of serials and monographic
literature, and the use of library collections by subject area, Mr.
Stuart Stubbs said.
It will identify by books and titles the most frequently used books
and periodicals and provide a detailed study of the use of periodical
literature by scientists and other groups.
"A very promising area is the knowledge to be gained of the relationship between a student's grade and his library use," Mr. Stuart Stubbs
said. "The system will show the effect of assigned reading programs
on student performance.
"Through controlled opinion testing at initial registration and at
graduation, and an examination of course work and supplementary
reading, it will measure the effect of total university education on
On the every-day operating plane, the system will eliminate written
records of loans and borrowers, and maintain an on-line central record
for the main library and a growing series of campus branch libraries.
It will provide automatically overdue book reminders, and lists of books
held by individual borrowers.
"One early result that is typical and of great interest to undergraduates will be the addition, in effect, of 50,000 copies to our hard-
pressed Sedgewick College Library," Mr. Stuart Stubbs said.
A portion of the Donner Canadian Foundation grant will be used to
finance advanced studies in library planning and operation in the UBC
School of Librarianship, the Librarian said.
"Studies of this type will be highly appropriate for the thesis requirement in the forthcoming  Master of Science program in the school." MOXCJJci <xM a, nww')q:di)bsd! liidoqqi, Idx Id* »tMr>*.TJ»di»fi1 >W\
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(naseal xH UlX^i jpBaqcdrfysibsi ibhicsaii.ntnsiit!', IX*i\ .baronsai Ml. I+Bir-
niaanr, saea.eaVandi ■3bai9ouiryviniibri'bih3rbbivi«*a«8yidi ini IflnsibBabatEil
(bBqrjaitlirrawii: acrnl'.»«rj[(', nwii'iess sapor,' itsajoumae;;; Eft-. Mlbdraftd!
iXi/wobbfir, rwdnai t-K>OEiit:lfv.pcrinsot fflna! UBXMbojiJibV ta< ibbwdibqqi
wdiwoomiv.iBfinfcli'Eir. l^.iXi.'rWitErfitaVjIiiriaolofl--)*Vlrla« I3ba«afriihri<bani
^dlrxiqdr^ibsBil Jlfldeas-yvBdurr^ m 'A'bdotriiEi.
Canada to Lead m Astronomy
KSansetfei mi'il 'i-«*ii**w-M>c tflnai'wwitblhVoftBdiSanrtJ in; leddnonMHUTV
'iraWilJliwi brdtd Ikdlbcnr xHtlnB!^witbhi sagoawial fcartajaedd-id'aeaasqW'
'3onlM3uun#;l'PJdd«aLi,ii)ssrflKtacti»c^.,llJj::., sacrx istfidddiednrmMid:^
si VtdJbcnr.Eil Infi^Ma! xH A^diltarinafirr^ tft-Jltm Llniirv9!rc<ty W'l l3t'X.
5a< ,tso:l> rXfiwe, .'Wj.f'., Ilxbbl ;e iwbiiM irwws )Mfidiafl-wno3< id:
'Una! liW'i/wtaHo (X bildr iirii 'Mnncoai'vw. liqqesddiinec isei icsndisi-
rmiewtie'fy'aBaTataiyvkEittebbs-sd MM bii ediBTWl EwaTSfV .lAlnasa .a'afcl
IBSsooumm, .bssnr l^qqrini, l/Mr. \'Xen\i isdiiimtdistl Una< inadiBill.bi-
-dii-nr xH -IHk'JCJumsii lEIiisddodllr II bidibea^Dw .iinol'llrla* lAbouurd:
vJddGaj jbbirtebqqnmsdrd rvnoiJibtl ixti H.i»: ITwbba-sBI jpsYWi'uimBSrd:
laanma! E£9( imiil !lbcnr. Tina! I^sdiiixipad I bredi-JmrJi»i xil .^jiJnanQamp,
faisal '3<ir, hvvs ;d3-»sj xH HIS»" jsarraiDuei, 'wwuibil odcd: sdaooad: S2<
IKodldi iia-xi'asdti 'W'H'I law >Mrtia:ib#i9fcl jsnnal inr I'jilll nqoaaiiJaani
kip, \K«3'.m- I'JKH, Wh". IXswusaa bt',
Tlriai wcrrbt'lV IbaipBsi: liBdissaaqoe!, 'pi'ln ;ei ISDOHnodn irririilrwflr,
v.i xjni M bo urn* J FSdiifiiTiSiri br IXiBiOtanBiEi.
mrnmrn Qimm, 'raw owwia^- ■
llv. LtohBSi IftL l+bBTiwonr, iBZi^tsid: ibbqautld/v inaniiidid' h^«f
nsasertidr,!, raeibtI Ijlna! iia»w iXsnntobsrir oanrrqdibo: m%n iqcqaictrwbl
Icyi Hd»« tbsabs^Eil IHwmumtp iKae<i->tl 'ban Hrlos uitnabsrrtianrxi rsr>Ei "Mrlcrfd
\i mill lj« IHriE H>o;eiI laodndl ibnn' iseiioiaoiiri'bsilI itssassidli ban1
lunti'iiwsaliiaa. sanol libn- iBpffuBiniininsid: iiiv Ciansebfei, 'wdribdn I'bi inadi
libiriJiBoH bar >owr labgasaliiimBrtftJ.
"ttWE! wfl'■ HHm ■jr/wMH+aliiaEi fwiK8flilj< 'wwt ■tieii IJIriiei idnoaulitl
loai Idiis J39rib->E! ban- ;edinanooniii;sil its»asitdn \fjn- >svMTywa!. "f>C(
)bB'/v^bqqi trlfl 2i iDn;iii99d,:.si ncdJbaiadl oomrnwi't'S* ff«B bbmriaot'-lkni
IQftairiabE1 satbios! torv sedirtannanrribid I nsaa5rn.tr to< 'Ire! iXsnrEoti.eairi
)p:v»9nn«ie9rd It^nioj^rti HHas IrMirniisfdba-i »c^' l3ifiB9-)r^, lAliia*; ieiatl
"Tina! v.Ejibflnrsil iBdbv'Baofv'.jMnniTiiHos) )30fleii!*:iiixn lund'vMTa'Ufl'
loaoa'ilii Binal irjowsmanasn*: n*9aqdibt Tl'tadi.T i«930TiflmB3ii)trii)i.i)arei
mil, ,hb«.si I;bi:b! *5i|n9°M3aartindI'Kna''^f('i if i^Hriidil IdnsilMauund:
PiadCBm IX(teas!tvsdaa¥\ iib. opdibnrji *Dr b'janffditbnr.f,1"
I31r. X. \fii- .taoate*,;, Haseal is*' Hdlos- IJIUK: I bnedi^udisi tall' HiartdTn
Sa:BSP03S< iBfinfcl ddrt: il^asadi^nafiitj jdl ttBaqdrlrva-bs*, hbdial Ijlnsi wo*'
taflwoa* M"WV: InoqDS! ianatl indiSflftcl Ifci Icuii bt nqc !eH!>3flnontr^ i3W
HrlB; >3STHi3Uue ;a< i( IJlbii^M-!«li/> itli'aaiqdiibitB!,
'I'l.'tiirf II iiril*tai|a(liBnariano|>*t?E'B!. Pbfl-HnBimiirjninBfirtJ,mndianh
ban- iealimiiinii!dl«^*!'miS' nse»c(if>; iBiwal weaai, iedinanfxinirfv jrjn IIHftE'
ijssnaouiii 'wiilll libni* ijsatj tat):HdrK liwl.-fadta! >sA' IjiBi+Ai Siiawa!*'
inrol I in: IXaqcBrrdimnaid: )d Kiaoqddr^ibji, >d''lno«ijgdri I boclinriE I iridnseot
HawV'*01™1 wpi,Hift»a!^,»S8f«^.,i3<iria! niiajudilKSS! ;B6fdnoni)0frirn' toaianQi il'
jt'eoni^li ins   i ir i it>:;   >rwir   rbgrjrtj."
ISy .Uasddc; iinrJi^oobuBsacI Ed'. IfMi'oir.BBd WilMiaw UwaiobbTii
^01, fmJioc [bdnoBol Mde JLUB" ^aaj#lf\ in .tJil1^ fi-wni >3bei)Eia</«
Lbpiiw9<t?ii^ s«i FiTd-teeao- xH'X*9sqdriifYa>B2;. II*'. WKBdnabaii )janas
Vicfiff i3'lieagp(rw'HiQrHd«:'iai<5ai99i:iqoLn-joo9a!3*li3b?i*9dibqdibnD| ied.iai-
iftcwv >Qfii Ulna! isBrwiqote,,',1" \'M, .tssadcs ssaial.
"Tlr>3! ibb*Bii!S. isnnal wujinae; iirw istfdrtofiimmpy 'fca»«nrt: [Josaif
'wwi^satl louili ini idbd'ia II Ideid 339tBiiinlfv xruw Una! inesnd r<->asen- xjv
aoi 'WBi will Idas :qd;sfimrini)E iBaonad'rtri'WEi.
"fVbE',5ft3! >wr\ Hfiaqqc^ Idr.Bd iglwwdiiinmsiiti sarbandii'diJ '*nil I!
xiB^diiaqcarlsi ini iixinrt: neasBrii.Hc xnc.iiisati. Tl'liwv ni'ill I loa! iei^b™
HonnfiortBrtyi Ihri vwaTa'aVy pii'ini ib^sasi."
lid-. VXeifiii iss al Mk 1 rtrediHiiiiis )fl1 Al/d^-annoom^ ""mi III Idaf if
ija-JSEtd seeadi >cn' iaaiuunrja); Mm joLn"!Mia9rtJiHb: bsodlliUbe! sdi IJIOX
iannal in )^aneacbi.
'•"U /will! toai'Hl-IE iarrerdiHiL-dis: an Klonssabi isrmbl II IJrw*d ill rw'ilil
N»9Eq( mi>Dff9! )fl iouu- 'yWLrwiEi psoqaili;■ sartl: I-fnamnsi mlrlrx .5nv. di-.enftsal
iiir. seii.iatinatirn^ isnnal iiiif*sal ladisposej,
^XSarsotBi ini ryasa'?: ipcnna' icy Ir.Ea; teSBirnbriDHef HiotBrli'iDflftJ ini
1*3!'lii^btl icrl sedftwnoomp. 'AbtWc idKiaqoad: Icsod^: jpaib(ibli)3El'^
iBBiiadlHaa- oouiirdi-iisti Ir.Bws iiiiedSdlbotl xtf*S9- Mpiaiiiaimnaidd.
"TUBS' lldcaBTiisdofl-fs ini Mildxidsi, louil't: vbrjrlrti ,b#"*9t 'Abrtdtal
'Asn- II, |oudi iue inr 'lne« bba^Bbiflrd.;, .kf^aiar.i, mi'irii it Iddigepsn' bsJis-i-
!»D:qoo brrA'adiaHibi iri'dra! I,e*e BE>Cr;j, v3( mrx'vaot .Erlnasot1. Hew
iwi.dr iMiaguid: l>iddcsj|, 'vvX,\ ha i-i>s,|trd iiii Una; hbaidliioid: iotsiilPi."
GTrocirVjj. awewro chot $ri iWjjwnfi
IXn'. I+Bai'iiacm:isiiicl IJIrs* t.HriE iriihkf I Idmiiilibliingi »pi rjfnsj csmrqoLB.-,
Itx ixi: ;sm Kt:'i«t-s4oot !JI irril Ibani, mill iosi ;Erii sqadiibsdl :i--ai\zi,
xw »«H»d* isaflftdiwa'diiaflr.'wiilll sJ-iirtid.lMrrJ'v*.        ''
"TI^W >cqd:b;El tdnoqci iii )bb?ii>en()6al tot lamobliDij! irriiii'i'sati rbai in
notrqqdiBn lifil )dde39VM'rii»Ei br?dni.rt<ri5!nti;i3<irrtcq< k\ lAbodiird lUjdasuLi.
Tlnai anedixwnatnilBi rwil II ld« oanftdi-wtl Mn)gwnotl>1ldK'lSluaMni IbTJilitsa--
IdodDr1111 i*s''B»;>poqo£,, rWliiiaHr rw'ill I'i)E hdftE' dossil |:o<inrt: lbai ;t rwHrttJ.bn
oatimiC'bi) )d: ieddtioPoanibsEil i:b*ib.-»ei
"'nii>£:Iidia*a3qq«viw'l'isncdddiKua«'innssodr ifniuodfillwrtdlnan-oort
iiridbciqceoa: IIHBeii<3<rv9i'rw?!'#9aiB'iEddi'a!'ic,i1lauili a>: rwil 1 toe' ice; J>s:l
luqc ley' iei rwHodb* :san-i>es jtf- i rmdb-jiniMiaSs ti3< radcaBTui! wnadbsws^
l'i<>3dc«a!fms■ Mi>s::aun« Kmlnbdriiifeiiauin inBsaisdli^tBit.iBiol'Ux imedjoi
iqaaoisil >ddea«i*rvFdi>bare:i;nr xti]1ri8r:!*Brrsi™driibqlr iBfiamasen-'ici'^bewi.
"Wit I'BSfiaiiM! si oamtji-ji nJdMiSi'imas isbii itsaliLoa; \$tnv±tAt.\tat
>dddiBiiiria9bl hai isdisnrarlo; irid ilio|iM(il lifv\ ;Ein:l jt id boa; 't/faw. tm4,
)ssai itr,Bil»s! ivtirbDuei i^osoiBil wiibnati wdmbdii ;srt* I'aopjititsal ba<
)3flTty lauitd Hpb( nsasBoddr, llnaaatf mil be; touiil d: sBd -t?w lini--
w9ib;»>v i3*; EtX;., sdisrfJI:rH)[i '*«'Hri lilf>9! >qqdi:bsdl isdoqix.
"Tina! lilb^d HjunadibQii xH Udos- liloqqi 'ifflll Iob! fit' (En-iinet IHnsi
r30(4.ii»d1i im'n-iia- wrT Iftis: iSIkibsspi EX;b>Bdb?diri I'I fbdiaaoixiaM. 11'
'a»V3!tv*diiihi>El!E06S< mn<l,l,rwa!iwi-'gilr'dl: 1r,6i/« IJInailaqctSissil Bitncqc nsBobV
fcy ipa«3li lI'ttdiadOBT. I'fi'will \Wy. :Itow fjlnnisi hie 'liryg! ryKBi! 'jbc<
ijainatl Una! mrirnio* MtsnriHj, mlrlndHi feiiiftcwi bn haHnas qoirjoasa; od1
Joa^hfigi Ir'esdiatl saiaH )3E*J, uanatl :srfc»coal-bt itesnisa;^ -Ion- idki gorriMid:
'ici IJHEX: iflt»d;!,Ta-i;irfEi. It: ,«i 1 l:ei Mftdtx in !^D<ne;B! juidi:il WE
iir.rkiK 'Ire; kcqdiiiSEil :<i1iK|q<.
""Tina! xiqdijbsdl idnaqt'wiilll i-Mfflr.fiiiir-i'iiiwTv.soi^vs' sd'tBi'^lnS! IcVa>E■
nn ht:(i- i>; pod E.viO'x. >V2diiariii0iirry< bi l'3( si igrrssdj «xlaiit:'drB! ibbt-
ml bqawnsartd >;it i nradi-iumrpsrwtfei. Tina! lidiaegsqaa! i:'e Idne laiitnE' ini-■
iddnwimaiirM, IdaL-rJ:Uriesi-f!]' iaosi imean^ artitdiiLrrrnaflrtti 'wdriibdiri iwill Ides
.5#d>Bdi»»al iEi it: Mm ranadddi'- ue< 'k mrMx ITju+llnafl- nsasanddaei,
ijbci<3«Kdb9iotl IrlnE wfliid bspo^ xt: idiW! bsdiSMsqce!, ;Erw>;l >aci id*. rVb:
obanri: >»; sar^i lanncl Hx id: — i'l .jnel ifnueHrnaoamnii. .V/inal rwdnam
'(»ui Ir.Bims' iqaimos: 'VaaJi.'Siasi fvoot Li**J l"B9q:i *Bv»dbqqiapg| IVii
!iMi »fl' n>0( (vsami."
Kir. HartTbDari!3B ot HdndJ;si:>B93anoi to.ril bb nqgirwwiiibfclIdw sabbbsal
inr -imv xr mm99! rvssm; h=i IdfiEoqriiasrl idJ«i:i ;ei ■ir-e: osnrtira! Id<
usnvri lauiM msasa^dili.
"'Artnesri 'Jlrlei l*fe*:bonsdl ,U«a>7is<w;«*r^ hrrdJilUlta i:b OMnqcbdi;
i:iu Una! »emqcui!< id 'W'i I inod Ji)tb! nO'tinqiklinoE Vb3:1iiti:B9<, lilHotEiivv
i:rHi'b3< :iqaeci3!, idba-teei^ iiral Incjuiinoj kfi' naslrsqea; fCSi qo9:qd'b:
iinr JIIb; lnfid:itmil'3!. M.Bnry wrl''ll.d»9fm mill loa) IdrsareiaanJ: rviaillnnai
lamdiMiao-ji iswcl »Jiyubbar*i"
3?j*9-(huEri !Vv,xniIdlnaiijinrqaia;iennbliffd-liia; WboLmti 1^jdduuiIImsei-
Miiarif,, iddoooit: ' IM< pMtaoflei nwcudibt be; |oaa-ime«n9nr>J'yi arwdilftaal,
,Ii-. tkBfi^anr uaibtl.
E«]|D8«'bafio3S' ^>ti^.■»tQt^M• )3db«ar«d4aiib*i Jiinobbidii'asi HrlM' isbsdi-
(dibari bai '.Hit 'ln« oBsasatddi lismtii* oarrlfiK )J3»X jsamqaijuj, Bi\
ttaiiiaanr (snnd^biinnsal. 'll:miBa^9dU:lilnsd ii] wmj rva-iyi iimqoofl+Bnrtd
I'dlr.sif: at: asafnaoUibfcl loei iifii ;ei ite*ssn-3dlri (ai.mli««ri«ianitj, nodi iieodiSiisal
Unarm 'Jrs! :BD:aani:Hph: oaflmmnjiiriiJ'v \tH\ itodbngi |qd;B»a9tl xin liqai >cV
IMi;ijl-*: *jcxi6ji.
"TI'-IbS' xiqdiibjd :d-oq:i 2: Ulnji!; dl-ei Vitdl idiiqci irtr Icjii bt'ifgi .51
mBB.bap !s:iiBf<rl1ihlb:.srifiar>i3SDdrjraner^a:il liv—:si ttrtibcnr.E I IneiTdiudtBi
>crd' ^ijnflnoomifl 'iwdribdn 'wJill nodd 'Jonlfy msd>l3i ijoeealddib! Una!
OGnrtdA'judlbgni icrll^diBessqaesi IdjiI: si icibasa! mlrta*-»s'IJriiii:>g;*Hii:iiib:
™»art-|) (SflnildoE'iwtbuosotlto jKas^illraniif!!
'"Ab- bicqoarjpBd,], ari.iCi«d^i:boni nai'irrlte IJlii'iiM'siUv'.sjofiai!!
scfl paum iBBflfibn- ;tiif\ iBfinbl |D9fldr.6qcs laanma! Unnni icdlrsa' igoc«!nr--
imeand: (bbqcendi-nosid^i, lisrtf ioa: (Eiwair lnonno(i">a-fV iqnTdbsaaO'tdriiiiae;
)Qi HnQiDtnErtyi liBodun-MdniiaeisdJ U3bX:a3i Hdadj IHnsvi isani r.ihs- son
saddiruB! inerid , be i-B iKi hr>:| JrjiBob.BdS! illiitbbarli; ianob! uai-ryarigi wuil:
sib*.6^3! iiBsaseiddi ttedjlitfibe;.
"Wa! Inoqaei rdtr.ard.-Jl.rie* iJHiii'i"»9ta:*vvm'ill imsdjoi isKdisiKra'vw■ik»s<
xH mjh' Isoi:liMasi, annal iqoadrsqasi ma* 1 itoowas iaones iad: *3;uupii--
/vet? $■>,' loeoqarb! ibr 1 Ulna! IMdildAli^ ,ei< mill ;es ids: (3B»tbiiBri;'
"rVbai Maqqw Hrl6dJ ld^\' Ir. si/m"i ii»c i iei inaa.b«ii fc'sodl la>qV>' xin *■ iumii/9gtaH(\
osanqouKi Idr.BdiijaiiiirvBidiit'^ in.irib'aasam:, iDodlrlr lXEnr.Bab.snr .snnal I'an--
ssi'jiir, '«/'il II Hanoi M 'uraaliMliil b< lb< isawne! bai Mo: Wbauwlj l^adcem
'Edaead-mBdiniTy' .simql noeiisaqe; iWsibS! >Etoitf>=' iefl:,HdM'ii- :diU3riiBBi ;sd:
Hr1e< i-edfi *-rfiai. 5ai in /will mad^anrl(\ Ida; ,stv 1re*:Si.ili5' sr^iiLbdcib;
iri Hr1ft£■ Unmygfl-jiild^ od: l3t»X,,,itodd: iii rw'illl Ids! ;si inatli'IjHuew Hfsqoi
iad: \v.t:i-J\tii,
' "TTx «ns!, flnai 1 j«*ir»s! iqflTd.a«$J IIobibibbfei iei ipiniiibai mbbwi iiqqqinaBdHi
'ici>aa:b9rd1:ib'ib: sodjfvrjy bad-wsssn KlV)S'i)UPiirua!l'2:}:b9< lanncl tiinsi<jpcv^-
lan-inTmaid,:. I Hdn'nd>:iit:i!! si nsEt»>u!Oo:Bl:hitj|.j3anoiqad.;, riftb(i3b9sqd^
5qqati-)9a s*0! Il-|i« iSAdilrisdi'lna! lAiii'rtatiill^'xri'tiLiCHteji insabbi id
qosealrJrl>a< \?m* iuc; ba« Kta 'HnB!ir iqtnriqostirA tbov togiil bb rinEi Hqc 'Jni>;
F'baiai rT>an■ • Dries■ X|B*bsatI idncqc sapot Mos lAbsjurd l>5:dcEj» Xdci-
!»STvsitito7\' iqrnr/y bb!! t*on' ryidtii Ifyv liteai iqaiJddilb:.
B-uir saiiry
IFiujimidl loiir
iV !)9t,lOO0l 'Krmal tot jatcv^ab; "ibnnnnieil
ioJinsflHiae: bbn- mnnrlrln ;anr>cl sdddi!"*wiiiiiaii
rfuBbeiris 'wdnoi ttBrmPodd isoddlinuuB! IJaiBii"
Lbda'KMtSIJ^ iB*uosdiiwnr Kui-bKHooJil:'VinBiiro:KEi3
iBibbl" Ineei fceawilteapaDasdilnBol li( Unai Ub^ii-
7»aid;'^' xtl l3UX,,ld^11ne) I;b*«' UtrrV'LBajrw
Mil. IrMim-iiif. ufioal i^jiddoar :0c1, !!*na(
mti- Mas' miibbcim u*1 Idhtsi l.bdta! 'A1. »!?<.
Wbiji+bf,!, 'wdrlrjc miBei si innnabar vt<\' Una!
U3»X. iRasaitl udl E;a^si-wit; Y-nmt t,mi
uurdiil Hri:s i^di^'isriBsrdiinri r.jes1.
Tl'tes' IJtKK: ISianadrij! Hr,es ,sqcqotc*cMbl Iflna!
ijkm wl lamoJSB*! rtTflmi Idsi'lTiunatl'ttiisinfr-
^ibte :onnrJtsti 1 IM,bn-(\ .Lsnnsi tMjtii-iani i:^i>-
"TsBTbsi "rVon'#wimiwqi !*i»sb9nij 'w&m Inaws:
!3pooct S0S9:b9ni'n: td,Enn:liiPO( ,sr«i;l rvJdoc,
rwiililnaiiifj 'a'julrlajsr lilhasiodiBd lEaa^iaiMi,',
larta! uiiredcih ha< iDamtdinauB! Una'iii l.bitW'M--
rAionB9ni:!driJ0bgidtiiiB939'WnD( Idouman'bss
rwiill I ton id-locaaii Ic^ HHei ..bbibrd Ftauirtv
OBflarnni'Sdws! jopi mS;b>3£j, !5i>d)nodiBrridriqci
i6~rx JEju-ToBibsi.
lAh-*:. IWjuTiinfti 'w\3ll iHartdMirinsi )i HU-
«dB9" (tlitsdliinr liiu'rJ: 'm\ Iiii -HAm-. Ikdumi,
ia:b9;|JuriE tariot uu^ddb! isjqaqoGirj: bj<
'wixiWBrw lidjubtarfail'lv Hananndid I no99ol 'wnti
s#iiBiilibdkl-b!' b'ltmr 1 itdlriBa':Baquno39i, 1 qa-)00399tbi
■Kri fc&! Mjuiotl oaoiibtl [do: UBastl "Van- IDna!
■ jfaiiwtBil ltoaii>#1>i xft' iria: #»onmani !**■■
THas' Ita>3! Mk:. WianHhi mail ;BW«a-ibb9tl
"mm Irtcnnan-Ba-p ibbodlxt' icrl'ltirw'Mab^EftMS ld*l'
HHb: ilbd'rtsti'H'v *iqomi Iditi uddinaimatirtj iihi
B8E^'. TTHnS' ij;til:bani iMBibasal "Ifti!' '*;rn«-
bse: sarol wrili.grtrdsgiBsal 'WwH*: Hw |oat--
Mxiirtiegtl iwMi >aurt- f:*wn ISsuttl »! iKic^v
""r*!!ijsaaw Mib! Idosdi ba< Hf1r»s: Uhibvs«riitd(i
jfclni"iin« 1 Unen■>rrd,iP« ryBsais )d'V/vVDd'bll'A^-
II snnot -Iria: laliiliiajil'd |:oai'3ot wt] loocd-wsfl-
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CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS on the new Thunderbird
Stadium grandstand in the southern area of UBC campus
is pointed out by Prof. Robert Osborne, head of the department of physical education, to R. J. 'Bus' Phillips, UBC
athletic director.  The new stadium, opening next September,
replaces the prewar, student-built stadium at East Mall and
University Boulevard. That site has been allocated to a
new Student Union Building on which construction will start
early this year.
—Photo by B. C. Jennings.
UBC Field Facilities 'Unexcelled'
The University of B.C. is completing
athletic field facilities "unexcelled on
this continent" among universities,
says Dr. Robert F. Osborne.
The director of UBC's school of
physical education and recreation said
construction of the new Thunderbird
Stadium grandstand, now half complete, launches another major project
in the athletic facilities development
The program, when complete, will
mean that UBC will have 125 acres
committed to athletic fields, more than
12 per cent of the 991-acre campus.
"We know of no university in North
America with more acreage committed to athletics," Dr. Osborne said.
"As an example — and  making  allowances   for   seasons   —   it   will   be.
possible   theoretically    for   25    major
events, to take place at UBC simultaneously on a Saturday afternoon:
two football games, four rugby games,
three soccer games, four field hockey
games, one baseball game, two cricket
games, two track meets, two basketball games, one ice hockey game, one
curling meet, one wrestling meet, one
weightlifting meet, and one swimming
and diving meet.
"At the same time, hundreds of students participate in a great variety of
athletic activities: badminton, tennis,
squash, gymnastics, volleyball, bowling, curling, cycling, fencing, judo,
golf, skiing, cross country, and sailing."
Dr. Osborne said that the stadium
culminates a program which, during
the last two years, has brought under
preparation   four   new   playing   fields
Political Scientists
8,000 Miles Apart
Two political scientists working
8,000 miles apart are cooperating in
a research study on the political development of two  Malaysian states.
Professor R. S. Milne, head of the
University of B.C.'s political science
department, and Prof. K. J. Ratnam,
who heads the same department at
the University of Singapore, have a
$6,500 grant from the Asia Foundation of San Francisco for the study.
The two researchers are analysing
the political development of Sabah,
formsrly North Borneo, and Sarawak, two of the 13 states which make
up the Malaysian Federation, which
was formed in 1963.
Prof. Milne said the present project
grew out of a previous study which
he carried out with Prof. Ratnam on
the 1964 general election in Malaya.
The earlier study, made with grants
from the Rockefeller Foundation, has
resulted in a book to be published
this year by the University of Singapore and distributed by the Oxford
University Press.
"Our present study," said Prof.
Milne, "is going smoothly because
Prof. Ratnam and I worked closely
together for four years on the Malaya
election study.
"We correspond regularly on many
aspects of the project and to date we
haven't encountered any major difficulties despite the distances involved."
A further twist to the story is the
fact that Prof. Ratnam is a UBC graduate with a master of arts degree
in political science obtained in 1958.
He succeeded Prof. Milne as head of
the political science dept. at Singapore when Prof. Milne left to join
the UBC faculty in 1965.
The study of the two Malaysian
states will deal with elections, the
growth of political parties, and the
political changes resulting from the
shift from colonial status to independence within the Malaysian Federation.
The two researchers were in Sarawak and Sabah during the summer
of 1966 and Prof. Milne expects to
return in August, 1967, to carry out
additional work.
"Last summer," he said, "we carried
out extensive interviews with politicians in both states. We are currently
analysing these interviews and preparing supplementary questions to
put to them."
Prof. Milne and Dr. Ratnam are
planning a second book based on their
current project. "If all goes well," he
said, "we should be able to get together in the summer of 1969 to begin
south of Wolfson Field, developed an
all-weather quarter mile practice
track, and construction of a field
house for dressing rooms as well as
the new Thunderbird Stadium in the
same area.
"All field sports such as football,
soccer, rugby, field hockey, baseball,
cricket and track and field will be
played in the area south of Agronomy
Road," he said. "Only a few acres
remain for development in the near
future to complete the 125-acre complex.
"UBC has for many years encouraged participation by students in a
broad program of physical education,
and we have one of the largest participation programs in North America.
More than 5,000 students take part in
intra-mural and extra-mural athletics
each week at UBC.
"But we also have worked steadily
to provide for athletes who wish to
concentrate their energies and excel
in one sport. Because of the pressures
of a rapidly growing student body, we
haven't been able to implement this
program as fully as desired.
"The policy of the Board of Governors has been to develop progressively an outdoor playing field complex to provide for both large scale
participation in sports and for superior
athletic teams. This program at UBC
is now nearing fruition, and will result in a complex unexcelled on this
continent," Dr. Osborne said.
Thunderbird Stadium will seat 3,000
initially, but can be expanded to seat
15,000 as required. The field was
seeded last May and will have 15
months to develop sturdy turf before
the stadium goes into use in September of this year.
It replaces the stadium built by the
student body in 1937 on the East Mall
near University Boulevard. This site
has been dedicated to a new Student
Union Building planned by the Alma
Mater Society which is scheduled to
start early this year.
Designed by the UBC school of
architecture graduate Vladimir Plavsic
and his associates, the new Thunderbird Stadium will be the first in the
world with a cable suspension roof.
The roof will hang from a dozen 80-
foot stressed concrete posts to avoid
the high costs of a cantilever roof or
the alternative of view obstruction by
roof-supporting   posts.
The UBC Senate has re-affirmed a
policy of permitting athletic awards
to be donated for UBC students.
Individual awards must be approved
by the Senate, and students receiving
them will be chosen by the University. The awards must be offered in
open competition to students with
athletic merit who must have—and
maintain—the academic standing for
other UBC bursaries or scholarships.
An award winner who falls below
required academic standing will forfeit the award. A winner can cease
participation in sport, if necessary, to
maintain academic standing, without
forfeiting the award.
Awards can be made for particular
sports, but the policy does not permit
awards "designed for the primary
purpose of recruiting selected players
for teams."
The statement says in full:
"Athletes at the University of B.C.
who have met academic and other
qualifications have always received
their share of scholarships and bursaries open to the student body at
"The continuing Senate policy, however, does not permit the establishment under University auspices of
'athletic scholarships,' designed for
the primary purpose of recruiting selected players for teams.
"On the other hand, present Senate
regulations do make it possible for
donors to establish awards, such as
scholarships and bursaries, which are
open in competition to students who
have combined merit and participation in a branch of athletics with
sound academic standing. These
awards, when established under terms
acceptable to Senate, are administered
by the Joint Faculty Committee on
Prizes, Scholarships and Bursaries.
"In determining the athletic qualifications of candidates, this committee
is assisted by members of faculty who
serve on the Men's Athletic Committee, the Women's Athletic Committee,
and in the School of Physical Education.
"To be eligible a candidate must
have at least the same academic
standing required for existing scholarships or bursaries.
"The first responsibility of the winner of any award established by Senate is to his academic studies. The
winner is not required, as a condition
of award, to continue to participate
in athletics. If, at any time, the holder
of an award fails to maintain satisfactory academic standards he may
forfeit the balance of his award.
"If he does participate and finds
it necessary, however, to curtail his
extra curricular or athletic activities
in order to maintain these standards,
he is not required during the remainder of the session to relinquish
any part of it.
"These awards are intended for students whose secondary schooling was
taken in British Columbia, and others
who have chosen to attend the University of B.C. because of its academic programmes."
Dean Calls for
Dean Walter H. Gage, chairman of
UBC's awards committee, has called
for applications for the Mackenzie
King Travelling Scholarships for
Four or five awards of not less than
$2,000 will be made for study beginning in the fall of 1968.
The awards are open to graduates
of any Canadian University who propose to engage, in the United States
or the United Kingdom, in postgraduate studies in international relations including international or industrial aspects of law, history, politics
or economics.
VOLUME 13, No. 1
Dr. Robert Kerr Named
First Hamber Professor
The first Eric W. Hamber Professor
of Medicine is Dr. Robert Bews Kerr,
58, a founding member of the University of B.C. Faculty of Medicine in
The appointment has been approved
by the UBC Board of Governors effective July 1, 1966. Dr. Kerr will
continue to head the UBC department
of medicine and the Vancouver General Hospital department of medicine.
Established last year by Mrs. Eric
W. Hamber as a memorial to her husband, the Hon. Eric W. Hamber, the
Professorship is the first perpetually
endowed and fully supported professorship or chair at UBC. Mrs.
Hamber endowed the University with
a $500,000 trust fund, from which
revenues of $25,000 a year will be
available in perpetuity to support the
"It is fitting that Dr. Robert Kerr,
the first professor and head of the
department of medicine at the University of B.C., should be the first
holder of the University's first fully
endowed chair," said UBC President
John B. Macdonald, in announcing the
"Dr. Kerr is a physician of rare
sensitivity and skill. In addition, he is
a teacher par excellence, and has built
a good academic department of medicine in the relatively few years of
the existence of the Faculty of Medicine.
"As one of the Faculty's founders,
his vision will have a lasting impact
on the future of medical education at
our  University."
Dean of Medicine John F. McCreary
commented: "We are all most delighted that Dr. Kerr has been honored with the first appointment to a
position of great significance to the
development of the UBC medical
"Now that construction is underway
on the Health Sciences Centre on the
campus, the problem of increasing
our   proportion   of   medical   teachers
who are fulltime faculty members is
becoming more and more pressing.
"Historically, the first fulltime medical teacher in the Commonwealth
was engaged by the University of
Toronto after the endowment of a
chair of medicine in 1917.
"Fully supported endowments of
this kind are still very important in
attracting outstanding medical teachers and researchers, by providing
financial resources beyond those ordinarily available to the medical
"Outstanding faculty members in
turn become magnets for others. And
the competition for top-flight teachers
and researchers is growing stronger
all the time with the establishment
of new medical schools and the expansion of existing schools across
"The Eric W. Hamber Professorship
in Medicine is therefore one of the
most significant, as well as one of
the most generous endowments of its
kind in Canadian health education
"It is a most fitting memorial to
the late Mr. Hamber, who gave the
strongest support as Chancellor to
the organization and founding of the
UBC Faculty of Medicine — an event
in which  Dr. Kerr participated."
Dr. Kerr was elected president last
year of the Royal College of Physicians  and  Surgeons  of Canada.
Born in Hamilton, Ontario, Aug. 20,
1908, he received three degrees from
the University of Toronto, B.A. in 1930,
M.D. in 1933 and M.A. in 1936, and
later did graduate work in Toronto
and London, England.
Dr. Kerr was senior demonstrator
in the department of medicine at the
University of Toronto from 1945 to
1947 and was assistant professor (then
associate professor) and head of the
department of therapeutics from 1947
until he came to UBC in 1950 as an
original faculty member and as head
of the departments of medicine at
UBC and VGH.
Lett Fund Provides
First Scholarship
A $1,000 bequest from the late Frederic Hampton Clenndenning has
raised the Sherwood Lett Memorial
Fund to more than $42,000 since it was
established in late 1964.
The fund provides an annual $1,500
scholarship to a student "who most
fully displays the all-round qualities
exemplified by the late Sherwood
Lett . . . his scholastic and literary
attainments, physical vigor, moral
force of character and ability to serve,
work  with   and   lead   others."
The first scholarship was awarded
for 1966/67 to Michael W. Hunter, a
third year law student.
Chief Justice Lett, who died in
July, 1964, at the age of 68, was described in the memorial minutes of
the UBC Senate at UBC's "most distinguished student."
First president of the Alma Mater
Society in 1915, he was a main force
in drawing up the AMS constitution.
A strong supporter of the University after graduation, he was three
times AMS president, a member of
the Senate from 1924 to 1957, and of
the Board of Governors from 1935 to
1940 and from 1951 to 1957. Mr. Lett
was Chancellor from  1951 to 1957.
Enlarge Teaching   Staff
servation problems caused by rapid
"The Mellon award comes at a very
strategic moment when there is a
very great shortage of qualified planners, and when the problems of urban
and regional development multiply
"It will enable the division to enlarge substantially its teaching staff
and range of students, and thereby
contribute to a greater scope and
depth for urban and regional planning
in Canada."
Dr. Oberlander said that nearly one
hundred urban and regional planners
have been educated at UBC and now
practice in many parts of the world-
some achieving distinguished records
as planners for civic governments,
for provincial and federal agencies
and for the United Nations at New
York headquarters and overseas.
During the past six years students
have come to study planning at UBC
from Africa, Asia and the West Indies as well as Europe.
Because of the division's experience, Dr. Oberlander was invited by
the United Nations in 1960 to assist
Ghana in setting up its own planning
school at the University of Kumasi,
where the first planning students
graduated a year ago.
UNIVERSITY SENATE recently paid tribute to two members of faculty who
retired in 1966 by conferring on them the title of Professor Emeritus. Dr. James
M. Mather, left, was head of the department of public health in UBC's medical
school from 1952 until his retirement, and assistant dean of medicine from 1960 on.
He comes Professor Emeritus of Public Health. Mr. John E. Gibbard, right who
becomes Associate Professor Emeritus of Education, is a UBC graduate who taught
in B.C. schools and at UBC summer sessions before joining the faculty of education  permanently in  1955.   He retired at the end of June  last year.
$8.5  Million Allocated
For  Building  Projects
A capital spending budget totalling
$8,507,987 for the 1967-68 fiscal year
has been approved by the University
of B.C. Board of Governors.
The budget includes $4,411,554 for
the continuation and completion of
five major building projects already
underway, $1,610,000 for new building
projects, and $2,486,433 for planning
costs and continuing projects in field
development and campus improvements, including roads, sewers, gas
services and parking.
Financing sources include $6,447,756
for projects which represent the
fourth year in the five-year, $30 million capital expansion program which
is being financed by $18 million in
provincial   capital   grants   and   public
man happiness, social well-being and
economic progress are crucial. UBC
has a fine record of achievement in
this field over the past 30 years, and
our responsibilities will be even
greater in the years ahead.
"There are several trends in our extension program which I expect will
strengthen over the next few years.
As other institutions elaborate their
programs, we will concentrate on high
level programs of all kinds.
"There will be increased emphasis
on professional and complex technical
continuing education. We will give
great prominence to inter-disciplinary
programs. There will be increased demand for part-time studies towards a
"I would like to see us build up
more programs related to our history
and location as a maritime province
with a window on the Pacific. We will
continue to offer programs about the
public issues facing us all as citizens.
We will make increasing use of the
mass media.
"I will actively work towards increasingly close co-operation with the
other post-secondary institutions in
B.C. in the interests of providing the
most comprehensive and best adult
education opportunities possible for
the people of the province."
contributions to the 3-Universities
Capital Fund Campaign.
Sources of the remaining $2,060,231
are: the federal Health Resources
Fund and provincial health grants,
$1,627,273 for a dentistry building, expansion in basic medical sciences including neurological research; The
Canada Council, $254,958 toward construction of the music building; the
UBC Development Fund, $58,000; the
bookstore reserve, $110,000 for expansion of the self-sustaining bookstore; and a $10,000 gift toward a new
scenery shop for the Frederic Wood
Expenditures to complete buildings
due to go into use in the 1967-68 academic year, starting next September,
are: dentistry and expansion to basic
medical sciences, $400,000; forestry-
agriculture complex, $783,926; music
building, $1,056,171; metallurgy building, $1,449,000; new Thunderbird Stadium, $105,0OO.The sixth building project, scheduled for use in 1968, is the
Health Sciences Centre Stage II for
neurological research, toward which
$617,457 is included in the 1966-67
New projects include basic medical
sciences expansion stage three, $1
million; construction of areas in the
civil engineering building for computing centre use, $325,000; new scenery shop, $110,000; bookstore extension, $110,000; conversion of old forestry and geology building for use
by the mathematics department,
Expenditure for consultants and
planning of $467,500 includes $395,000
to prepare working drawings for additions to the engineering complex of a
common block and buildings for civil
and mechanical engineering. Working
drawings for the three buildings were
authorized by the Board at this
Other continuing project expenditures of $449,000 cover agricultural
field development, physical education
and recreation facilities, and development Of roads, sewers and other services in the new research and field-
work area -in the southern third of
the campus.
Other expenditures cover general
improvements to campus roads and
parking, $174,700, and services associated with new buildings but not
included in construction contracts,
VOLUME 13, No. 1


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