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UBC Reports Jul 18, 1979

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 "WMl eoiLECTKX,*
Volume 25, Number 14. July 18, 1979. Published by Information Services, University
of B.C., 2075 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5, 228-3131. Jim Banham and
Judith Walker, editors. ISSN 0497-2929.
There is no oil to check, but Frank Peabody, supervisor of the UBC Electric Car
project, still has to spend time looking under the hood.
Electric Car gets ready
for Detroit competitions
Son of Wally Wagon rides againl
The 1979 version of the UBC Electric Car, preparing for its appearance
next month in an American competition, has left its secluded West Mall
garage home to begin outdoor testing.
In its three years of evolution, the
Electric Car project has involved more
than 100 UBC engineering students,
from both the Mechanical and Electrical Engineering departments.
Eight students have worked full
time during this summer to prepare
the vehicle for the SCORE (Student
Competitions on Relevant Engineering) contest which begins on August
12 in Detroit, capital of America's
automobile industry.
All eight students and project coordinator Frank Peabody will accompany the Electric Car to Detroit to ensure that any repairs that may be required during the course of the competition can be made as quickly as
possible by the people that built the
vehicle.
Peabody said that he expects the
Electric Car to perform well in the
competition that will likely include
about 50 vehicles. He added that there
will only be about six electric vehicles,
the other entries being gasoline- or
hydrogen-powered, or powered by
some other means.
"The contest has switched objectives to go for an energy-efficient
vehicle," said Peabody. He added that
the present contest is dramatically different from the 1972 contest at which
the Wally Wagon, the UBC engineering faculty's entry, won the overall
competition.
The Wally Wagon was a gasoline-
powered vehicle, he said, designed to
meet the requirements of the 1972
contest for a safe, low-pollution vehicle.
But the Electric Car is powered by a
series of lead-acid batteries, said
Peabody, similar to the batteries used
to power electric forklifts. He added
that the use of batteries as a power
source has some advantages for an
energy-efficient vehicle.
For instance, the rechargeable bat
teries require only an overnight charging process that is simply done by
plugging the vehicle into a standard
household electrical outlet. The batteries can be charged to 85 to 90 per
cent of their maximum capacity in as
little as four hours.
But the batteries are not without
problems, said Peabody. One
drawback is their massive weight of
1200 pounds, which brings the total
weight of the vehicle to almost 4000
pounds, he said. He added that
another drawback is the amount of
energy that can be stored in the batteries.
"The 1200 pounds of battery store
about the same amount of energy as a
cup of gasoline."
Because of this, he said, the Electric
Car has a range of only about 50 miles
if driven at 45 miles per hour. He
added that this will hurt the vehicle's
scoring in the endurance portion of
the competition as the vehicles are expected to have a range of 250 miles.
The limited storage capacity of the
batteries also forced the engineers to
use a Volkswagen gasoline heater to
heat the vehicle, Peabody said, and so
the Electric Car still has a gasoline cap
and a small gasoline tank.
The "braini" of the vehicle is a computer system that helped two UBC
students, Peter van der Gracht and
Konrad Mauch, win second prize in a
1977 internaticjnal 'fontest to determine possible uses for a
microprocessor/microcomputer. The
microcomputer monitors and controls
the functioning of the engine in the
Electric Car, and also monitors driver
action to provide the most efficient
operation of the vehicle.
One of the Electric Car's most innovative features is the braking
system, Peabody said, as it is used to
regenerate some electrical power to
recharge the batteries. The regeneration only takes place when the brakes
are applied, he said, but this is the
first  vehicle  that  has  been  able  to
Continued on page 2
See ELECTRIC CAR
More parking spaces
to ease campus squeeze
There will be 350 additional parking stalls on the campus this fall,
despite a continued squeeze on UBC
parking space caused by new construction.
Administration officials have made
provision for some 800 new parking
stalls in a variety of locations to help
meet the loss of 450 stalls to construction. The erection of a four-level,
1,000-car parking structure to serve
the new Acute Care Unit of the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital will take 300
existing stalls away from the hospital
lot next to the Library Processing Centre; construction of the Home
Economics Building has caused the
temporary location of three huts onto
the Biological Sciences lot,
eliminating 80 spaces; access roads to
the Acute Care Unit will eliminate 40
spaces, and the installation of
walkways and landscaping will take 30
stalls away from the Aquatic Centre
parking lot.
The 800 new parking stalls now being prepared range from 25 spaces adjacent to Duke Hall near the Centre
for Continuing Education, to the creation of 550 new stalls in and adjacent
to "B" lot on the south campus. There
will also be a new 50-car lot built
south of Totem Park Residence.
"Parking in the north end of the
campus   is   strained   at   the   best   of
times," said C.J. Connaghan, vice-
president of administrative services,
"and the loss of some of our parking
areas brings about greater strain.
However, the 300 additional parking
stalls will help to alleviate some of the
pressure.
"I'd also ask faculty and staff to
bear with us over the summer as we
undertake a sizeable amount of construction and road work on the campus. With the students away and the
weather on our side, we're doing our
best to get a lot of changes made during the summer months. This may
cause some temporary inconvenience
for the next few weeks, but we hope to
have all the work out of the way before
the summer ends."
Mr. Connaghan noted that one major roadwork problem, the entrance to
Wesbrook Mall from 16th Avenue,
was out of the University's hands at
this point.
"That entrance work is part of a
B.C. Highways construction project to
widen the entire length of 16th
Avenue. We have done our part of the
connecting project — the widening of
Wesbrook Mall up to 16th Avenue.
However the connection, which will
eliminate the current traffic squeeze,
is a provincial matter. I understand
that the contract has just been awarded and it is our hope that the work in
this area will begin soon."
Campus parking is crowded, even in the summer.
Multi-level carpark planned
Work is expected to begin shortly on the construction of a
1,000-car parking structure to
serve the parking needs of the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital.
Detailed plans, which are now
being finalized, call for a structure
containing parking spaces on the
ground level and three additional
floors, making it the first multilevel parking structure to be built
on the UBC campus.
The $4 million project has
received the approval of both the
provincial ministries of Health and
Education and will be financed
with provincial funds. It will be
situated adjacent to the hospital
and should be completed within
eight months.
It is being built by the Greater
Vancouver Regional District which
is responsible for the overall construction of the hospital project,
but will be operated by UBC.
The need for multi-level parking
facilities on campus has been
recognized by the University for
some years, but next year's completion of the 240-bed Acute Care
Unit in the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital made the need for additional parking a critical necessity.
Parking is needed to service outpatients, visitors and staff connected with the Acute Care Unit,
the 60-bed Psychiatric Unit, and
the 300-bed Extended Care Unit,
as well as the Dental Clinic, which
serves a high number of outpatients.
Willis, Cunliffe, Tait & Co.,
consulting engineers commissioned
by the University to study UBC's
parking situation, recommended
the construction of two 1,000-car
parking structures adjacent to the
hospital. However, funding was
only approved for the first structure. UBCreports
page 2
A look at children's lite]
Michael Brennan
Albert E. Hall Chair filled
Dr. Michael Brennan, 37, has been
appointed to the Albert E. Hall Chair
in Finance at UBC.
The new chair in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration honors the first chairman and
chief executive officer of the Bank of
British Columbia, which was a key institution in the creation of a meaningful financial market in B.C. Mr.
Hall serves now as a member of the
bank's board of directors.
Mr. Hall said he looks for the
establishment of the Chair to bring
the UBC Faculty of Commerce and
the financial community into closer
touch with one another.
The new Albert E. Hall Professor of
Finance becomes editor next April 1
of the "Journal of Finance," the
leading academic journal in the field.
He is the first editor to be picked from
outside the United States in the jour-
Electric Car
Continued from p. 1
recharge its own power cells to some
extent.
The 1979 Electric Car utilizes a DC
(Direct Current) motor, the most commonly used for electric motor vehicles,
he said. The motor drives the front
wheels of the vehicle and is capable of
producing speeds up to 60 miles per
hour. But the Electric Car must be
able to attain only a speed of 55 miles
per hour to satisfy the requirements of
the contest, he added.
The Electric Car's unique four-
passenger body design was created
and built by another group of UBC
Engineering students in 1976. It is
composed of fiberglass and plastic
foam in a way that is designed to absorb the effect of an impact if the vehicle were involved in an accident.
The doors open upward, instead of
in the traditional outward motion of
most vehicles, and require only a force
of eight pounds to operate. The Electric Car design also includes a rear
hatchback to provide cargo space, and
features front bucket seats that swivel
outward to provide easier access for
the vehicle's occupants.
Funding for the three-year project
has been provided by various government agencies, private industry, and
interested individuals. The cost of
employing the eight engineering
students for the work this summer was
paid for by the B.C. ministry of labour
through their Youth Employment
Program.
nal's 34-year history. The journal will
have its headquarters at UBC for three
years.
George Eaton
Plant scientist
to be honored
A University of British Columbia
plant scientist and his research assistant have been named 1979 co-
winners of the George M. Darrow
Award by the American Society for
Horticultural Science.
George W. Eaton, a horticultural
professor at UBC, and assistant Tina
Kyte will receive the award on Aug. 2
during the society's 76th annual
meeting, at Ohio State University. It is
given for "excellence in viticulture and
small fruits research" and the citation
specifically recognizes the recipients'
research paper, "Yield Component
Analysis in the Cranberry."
Dr. Eaton said he and Mrs. Kyte
developed a numerical technique for
breaking down yield into various components, such as flowers per bush,
length of stems, etc., and then
measuring the relative importance of
each factor.
"This provides a rational basis for
deciding what research to pursue or
what management practices to
adopt," said Dr. Eaton.
He said that although he and Mrs.
Kyte had used the cranberry for their
research, the analytical system they
had developed could be applied to interpretation of yields of many other
crops.
Adults who want to know what contemporary society is really like should
take a long, hard look at children's
literature, says Sheila Egoff, a
member of UBC's School of
Librarianship.
Prof. Egoff, who's already produced
one standard reference book on
children's literature and is working on
a second, believes that any radical
change in society affects the ycung
more quickly than any other section of
the population and that the changes
are reflected more quickly in
children's literature than they are in
adult literature.
She thinks the reason is that writers
of children's literature strive for
simplicity and directness, whereas
writers of adult fiction are often more
concerned    with    subtleties    and    a
1979'lnternational
^arof the Child
sophistication that's absent from
books for the younger set. "I can enjoy
a really good novel written for
children more than I can one written
for adults," is the way she puts it.
But, she adds, children's literature
is, on the whole, ignored by parents.
"They're awfully eager to know what
books they should put in their
children's hands," she says, "but
parents rapidly lose interest in what
their kids are reading as the children
get older."
It wasn't always so, she says.
In the Victorian period, say from
1850 up to the end of the 19th century, which she characterizes as the
first "golden age" of children's
literature, books for children were
produced by adults who were intent
on inculcating basic moral values in
the young. "Childhood was seen by
the Victorians as a training ground, a
time when children were trained to accept the responsibilities of adulthood.
"Thus, the books of that day
characterize children as good, innocent, perceptive, but in need of protection. It produced some great
storytellers, for example Lewis Carroll, who wrote Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland, which can be read entirely for its entertainment value,
quite apart from its parodies and take-
offs on Victorian manners.
"For me, the two finest children's
novels of that period, novels that sum
up the Victorian view of childhood,
are George MacDonald's At the Back
of the North Wind and The Princess
and the Goblin. "
The authors who wrote for the second golden age of children's
literature from the 1930s to the end of
the 1950s got rid of the didacticism —
the instructive aspects — of Victorian
literature and tended to let children
exist in a world that excluded adults,
Prof. Egoff says. "What these authors
suggest is that children need time to
play, to have fun, to explore before
taking on the responsibilities of
adulthood   and   learning   about   the
harsh realities of life."
The children's literature of this second golden age also depicts the
children as being members of stable,
happy households led by parents who
are there to help if the children get into trouble. "Even the stories that deal
with children who come from poor
families reveal stable homes in which
the child can handle the problems of
poverty, not, as in so many contemporary books, a situation where poverty is going to leave a deep and lasting
impression on the child and warp his
mind for all time."
For Prof. Egoff, the books of
American writer Eleanor Estes about
the children of the Moffatt family just
about sum up the values of the writers
of the second golden age. "You know
that those kids are going to grow up to
be solid citizens with their psyches intact," she says.
In the 1960s, Prof. Egoff says,
writers of children's literature decided
that childhood was no longer important or valuable in itself. "What
became important," she says, "was the
idea that children had to be told
everything, no matter how harsh the
reality was. What was important was
honesty...letting it all hangout, as the
expression is."
The new genre has come mostly
from the U.S. and Britain, but the
American influence is so widespread
that the new wave has been dubbed
the American Problem Novel, she
says. "The themes are much heavier
than those dealt with earlier and involve divorce, drugs, sex, disappearing parents, emotional and physical
cruelty and, overall, a sense of alienation."
Prof. Egoff also points out that contemporary writers of children's novels
also deal with unusual children, those
from minority groups, abused
children and the mentally and
physically retarded. "The shift," she
says, "has been away from a concern
with childhood to dealing with
children as individuals and the problems that confront them."
As an example, she cites a book
called Hey, Dummy by American
author Kin Piatt, in which a normal
child attempts to befriend a retarded
child   to   the   horror  of  the  normal
Children's literature
is, on the whole,
ignored by parents
child's parents. When the normal
child is rebuffed by a teacher and a
social worker in an attempt to get help
for the friend, he prefers to sink into
retardation himself because he has
come to hate the world.
"That kind of theme and story is
fairly typical of modern-day children's
books," Prof. Egoff says, "and I think
it reflects an ambivalence, a terribly
mixed-up and uncertain view of society toward children, as though we don't
know how to act toward them or deal
with them."
Certainly, she adds, the outlook of
the books reveals a conservatism on
the part of children. "They are shown
as being desperately eager for two
parents — in many books, the kids are
convinced it's their fault if the parents
aren't getting along — and for a stable
existence. And even in the best books,
you find an incredible concern with
death, even in those written for two,
three and five-year-olds." UBC reports
pageS
rature — yesterday and today
Contemporary children's stories
often take an unrealistic view of life,
Prof. Egoff adds. "For instance, take a
story that has a plot based on sibling
rivalry. In these books, the older child
usually comes to accept the younger or
new child by the end of the book. But
all of us know that rivalries of this kind
can last a lifetime. To me, that's not a
realistic view of life."
Other characteristics of contemporary children's literature: most of
the stories are set in an urban environment and are limited (in America) to
New York, New Jersey and San Francisco, the characters in the stories tend
to live in apartments and it's rare for
one to take place in a foreign setting
or in a rural environment. "I think
this means that kids get a remarkably
narrow view of how life is lived as a
result," says Prof. Egoff.
She believes too that where the
writers of the past "wrote for the child
within themselves and could universalize the experiences, today's authors
are writing for the adult within
themselves."
Much of the best writing for
children produced by British authors
is the product of people who were
themselves children during the Second
World War, she points out, and many
of the books are set in that period.
"One of the best British writers of
children's literature, Susan Cooper,
who was a child during the war, has
produced a remarkable quintet of
books called The Dark is Rising. Each
of them is concerned with the titanic
struggle between good and evil and I
can't help but think that that theme
stems from the 1939-45 war," says
Prof. Egoff.
Many contemporary children's
books are also concerned with fantasy,
Prof. Egoff points out. "The Arthurian legend as well as Norse and
Celtic myth are recurring aspects of
many of today's books for children,
but not in the sense that the stories are
set in those times. The stories are set in
modern times with the past breaking
through into the present. What the
authors seem intent on doing is giving
contemporary children a sense of the
continuity of time, a feeling that
they're linked with the past."
Despite the heaviness of the themes
and the feelings of alienation that pervades much contemporary children's
literature, Prof. Egoff believes that
the best of the modern stories are probably the greatest ever written for
young people.
"The trouble is that the stories verge
on being adult reading," she adds,
"and the best of the modern books will
only be read by very dedicated and
mature children. In the past, a book
like Winnie the Pooh could be comprehended by every age level, with the
good readers taking it in at the grade
three and four levels and the less proficient encountering it at the grade five
and six levels.
"Modern-day children's books tend
to split the readership because the very
best will only be read by the very
dedicated. And there's a decided gap
in good reading material for children
in 9—11 age group."
Another problem for people like
Prof. Egoff is the incredible number
of books being published in the field
of children's literature. "Even I can't
keep up with it," she says, adding that
each year some 6,000 new books for
children appear and in the U.S. there
are more than 50,000 books in print at
any one time.
Prof. Egoff says there is still some
good, lightweight reading available on
the market for children, "but they're
not the books people talk about and
they don't win prizes. They are,
basically, a throwback to the past
without being as good as Winnie the
Pooh or Mary Norton's The Borrowers. "
Something else she believes has gone
from the current children's book scene
is the sharing of literature between
adults and children. "There was a
time when adults sat down and read to
children," she points out. "But I can't
imagine a really literate adult wanting
to read one of the modern-day problem novels to a child. Mostly because
many of the books are highly symbolic
and experimental in style and much of
the action is carried out through
dialogue alone. Contemporary
children's stories just aren't written for
easy reading aloud."
Having said all that, Prof. Egoff
points out that the modem problem
novel is highly popular with children
in every socio-economic group. "Kids
are still avid readers," she says, "and
the new genre seems to appeal to
them. It's all very well for me to claim
that most of the books by modern-day
writers of children's literature are
superficial, badly written and
unrealistic, but children like them,
perhaps because the stories comfort
them, give them a sense of identity, a
feeling that they're not alone."
The best a concerned parent can
hope for, she adds, is that the overall
quality of the all-pervasive Problem
Novel will improve to meet the quality
of the best of modern children's
literature.
Children's literature expert Sheila Egoff, left, and research assistant Judi
Saltman are in the process of cataloguing and annotating a collection of
children's literature donated to UBC in 1975 by 1925 graduate Stanley Arkley
and his wife, Rose, of Seattle. The collection of more than 1,000 items includes
many first editions and rare items. The Arkley Collection is part of a
25,000-volume collection of children's literature housed in the UBC library,
which is used for teaching and research purposes by Prof. Egoff and other UBC
people.
Here's some of the
best ever written
UBC Reports asked Prof. Egoff to
prepare a list of some of the best
children's books ever written to go
with her comments on the current
state of children's literature. Here's
her choice of the 10 top books, all of
which are in print. At the end of the
list, she briefly comments on what
may appear to some readers to be a
few surprising omissions.
• Alcott, Louisa May. Little
Women. New York: MacMillan,
1962. The everyday life of the
March girls still has pleasure and
meaning for modern children.
This lively, natural narrative of
family experiences is as well-loved
today as when it first appeared in
1868.
• Burnett, Frances Hodgson. The
Secret Garden. Philadelphia: Lip-
pincott, 1962. Three Edwardian
children make a garden out of a
wilderness and grow in friendship
and imagination as they do so.
First published in 1911.
• Cooper, Susan. The Dark is Rising.
New York: Atheneum, 1973. This
second volume of Cooper's acclaimed quintet on the stormy
struggle between the primal forces
of the Dark and the Light is set in
modern Buckinghamshire. Her
power of imaginative fantasy has
rarely been equalled in children's
literature.
• Lewis, C.S. The Lion, the Witch
and the Wardrobe. London: Bles,
1950. The first of seven Narnia
Chronicles, this Christian allegory
is played out in an enchanted land
of nymphs, dryads and talking
animals. Children respond to the
quiet humor, domestic detail, and
intense dramatic conflict.
• Milne, A.A. Winnie the Pooh.
Toronto: McClelland and Stewart,
1925. Milne's is the art that conceals art, notably his ability to let
the child feel superior to the
loveable but bumbling Pooh. Still
the most universally popular of all
childhood books.
• Pearce, Philippa. Tom's Midnight
Garden. London: Oxford, 1958. A
time story in which a modern boy
and a girl from Victorian times
find companionship. Pearce's clear
prose, energetic dialogue, and
vivid imagery makes this stylistically one of the finest books in modern
children's literature.
• Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure
Island. New York: Scribner, 1947.
Stevenson's highly colored
characterization and flawless
English prose make this pirate
adventure one of the most famous
stories ever written. First published
in 1883.
• Tolkien, J.R.R. The Hobbit; or,
There and Back Again. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1938. Though,
on the surface, a story of a search
for treasure, other values, truths,
and virtues discovered by Bilbo
through experience help him to
face difficulties with wit, wisdom
and courage.
• Twain, Mark. The Adventures of
Tom Sawyer. New York: Mac-
millan, 1962. Although it appeared first in 1876, Tom Sawyer
has a continuing freshness for
modern readers through its simple,
direct presentation of universal
boyhood.
• White, E.B. Charlotte's Web. New
York: Harper and Row, 1952. E.B.
White's humorous and affectionate
portrayal of the barnyard world
subtley suggests the larger world of
human life and, as well, the
wisdom that comes from life close
to nature and her children.
Some surprising omissions may well
be considered: Lewis Carroll's Alice's
Adventures in Wonderland; Kenneth
Grahame's The Wind in the Willows;
J.M. Barries Peter Pan; George Mac-
Donald's At the Back of the North
Wind. All are recognizably great in
style and theme. Today, however,
these appear the domain of adult interest in imaginative writing concerned with childhood as symbol and
metaphor, rather than as the first
spontaneous choices of children
themselves. UBCalendar
UBC CALENDAR DEADLINES
Events in the week of
July 29-Aug. 4 Deadline is 5 p.m. July 19
Aug. 5-Aug. 11 Deadline is 5 p.m. July 26
Send notices to Information Services, 6528 Memorial Road
(Old Administration Building), Campus. Further information is available at 228-3131.
SUNDAY, JULY 22
1:00 p.m. TOUR OF THE  HAIDA HOUSES     on  the
grounds of the Museum of Anthropology. Those
interested should meet in the museum rotunda.
Free with museum admission. Repeated at S p.m.
2:00 p.m. GUIDED WALKS IN THE WOODS with a
member of the Canadian Institute of Forestry, any
Sunday, May through August. UBC demonstration forest, Maple Ridge. The trails are open
seven days a week for those who wish to guide
themselves. For information, call 683-7591 or
463 8148.
MONDAY, JULY 23
12:30 p.m. BRASS QUINTET gives a concert on the plaza
outside the Student Union Building.
7:30 p.m. SUMMER SCREEN presents three free NFB
features on Workers: 12,000 Men, Spar Tree and
Our Health is Not For Sale. Lecture Hall 2,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
PUBLIC LECTURE. Robert Davidson, professor of Old Testament at the University of
Clasgow, on The Bible in Religious Education.
Vancouver School of Theology, 6000 Iona Dr.
8:00 p.m. MUSIC FOR SUMMER EVENINGS. Martin
Hackleman, french horn; and Arlie Thompson,
piano, play Music of Halsey Stevens, Alec
Wilder and Gliere. Recital Hall, Music Building.
TUESDAY, JULY 24
12:30 p.m. SUMMER SOUNDS. Barb Kallauer gives a flute
recital on the plaza outside the Music Building.
8:00 p.m. REGENT COLLEGE LECTURE. Ernest Ru
nions, principal, Carey Hall, Vancouver, and
Psychiatry, UBC, on The Counsellor's Values
Matter. St. Columba Presbyterian Church, 2196
E. 44th Ave., Vancouver.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 25
12:30 p.m. SUMMER SOUNDS. Susan Driver gives an
organ recital on the plaza outside the Music
Building.
2:00 p.m. GENETICS SEMINAR. Dr. C. Person on
Genetics of Host-Parasite Interactions. Room
2449, Biological Sciences Building.
7:30 p.m. OUTDOOR FOLKDANCING on the Student
Union Building terrace every Wednesday, rain or
shine; all ages welcome. Easy fun dances from
many countries will be taught. For more information, call Marcia Snider, 224-0226.
SUMMER SCREEN presents a free NFB feature
on Sports: Going the Distance, the 1978 Commonwealth Games. Lecture Hall 2, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre.
8:00 p.m.THE COFFEEPLACE. Music, food and films at
International House.
FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE. Prof. Douglas
Yeo, associate dean of Dentistry, UBC, on How
the Faculty of Dentistry Serves Our Community, one of a series of lectures videotaped during
UBC's Open House last March. Channel 10, Vancouver Cablevision.
THURSDAY, JULY 26
12:30 p.m. THE ROD BORRIE QUARTET performs on
the plaza outside the Student Union Building.
6:00 p.m. PUB NIGHT at International House
8:00 p.m. AGRICULTURAL MECHANICS SEMINAR.
Dr. Jan Svedborg, University of Ornskoldsvik,
Sweden, on The Technological and Socio-
Economic Impacts of the Thrust-Hammer on
Modern Agriculture. Room 160, MacMillan
Building.
MUSIC FOR SUMMER EVENINGS. A concert
by Patrick Wedd, organ. Recital Hall, Music
Building.
FRIDAY, JULY 27
12:30 p.m. THE WESTSIDE FEETWARMERS play on
the plaza outside the Music Building.
6:30 p.m. WINERY TOUR. Free wine and cheese. Meet at
International House. Those wishing to join the
tour should inform International House before July 23.
7:30 p.m. SUMMER SCREEN presents a free feature film:
Saturday Night Fever. Lecture Hall 2. Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre.
SATURDAY, JULY 28
THEATRE IN THE PARK. A group outing to
No, No, Nanette at Stanley Park. Admission $2
for students. Phone Bev, 228-5021, for more information.
FOOD SERVICES HOURS OF OPERATION
FOR JULY
Barn Snack Bar, Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.
Bus Stop Coffee Bar, Monday-Friday, 7:45 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Auditorium Snack Bar, Monday-Friday, 8:00 a.m.-3:30 p.m.
Student Union Building Snack Bar, seven days a week, 7:00
a.m.-7:00 p.m.
Buchanan Snack Bar, Monday-Friday, 7:45 a.m.-1:30 p.m.
IRC Snack Bar, Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.
Mobile truck, located outside Scarfe (Education) Building,
Monday-Friday, 8:00 a.m.-1:30 p.m.
FINAL ORAL EXAMINATIONS FOR THE
DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Held in the Faculty of Graduate Studies Examination Room,
New Administration Building. Members of the University
community are encouraged to attend, provided they do not
arrive after the examination has commenced.
Tuesday, July 24, 9:30 a.m.: ANTONIO EDUARDO
CLARK PERES, Mineral Engineering; The Interaction between Xanthate and Sulphur Dioxide in the Flotation of
Nickel-Copper Sulphide Ores.
Thursday, July 26, 2:30 p.m.: DOUGLAS WEST,
Economics; Market Pre-Emption as a Barrier to Entry in a
Growing, Spatially Extended Market.
DRAMA
UBC Stage Campus '79 presents The Good Woman of
Setzuan by Bertolt Brecht until Saturday, July 21. Frederic
Wood Theatre. Admission, $3.50; students and seniors,
J2.50. For reservations call 228-2678.
FREE LEGAL ADVICE
The UBC Law Students Legal Advice Program offers free
legal advice to people with low incomes through 18 clinics in
the Lower Mainland. For information about the clinic nearest
you, please telephone 228-5791 or 872-0271.
SUMMER GARDEN HOURS
The Nitobe Garden is now open every day from 10 a.m. to
half an hour before sunset. Admission: 50 cents; children
10 — 16, 10 cents; children under 10, seniors, handicapped
and community and school groups (advance notice of one
week required for advice to gateman), free. Tours for this
garden and others may be requested by calling the Botanical
Garden office at 228-3928.
EXHIBITS
On display at the Museum of Anthropology are two exhibits
which will continue throughout the summer months. Plantae
Occidentalis, 200 Years of Botanical Art in B.C., is an exhibition of 109 works which includes historical works from
1792 to contemporary 1977 paintings.
The Four Seasons: Food Getting in British Columbia
Prehistory is an exhibition showing the livelihood and living
patterns of the prehistoric peoples of southern B.C., and the
scientific techniques used to study their past.
Four student exhibits are on display in the museum — Design
Elements in Northwest Coast Indian Art; The Evolution of
Bill Reid's Beaver Print; Design Variations in Guatemalan
Textiles; and Kwagiutl Masks.
The Theatre Gallery in the Museum features two multi-screen
slide-sound presentations which can be operated by visitors.
FITNESS APPRAISAL
The School of Physical Education and Recreation offers comprehensive physical fitness assessment through the new John
M. Buchanan Fitness and Research Centre in the Aquatic
Centre. A complete assessment takes about an hour and encompasses various fitness tests, interpretation of results,
detailed counselling and an exercise prescription. The assessment costs $15 for students and $20 for all others. To arrange
an appointment, call 228-4521.
UBC AQUATIC CENTRE OPEN
The UBC Aquatic Centre is open for public swimming and
specialized classes. Those who pay the entry fee for public
swimming will have the use of both the indoor pool and the
outdoor facility adjacent to the War Memorial Gymnasium.
UBC students, faculty and staff only will be admitted to the
pool Monday to Friday from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. The
centre also offers a wide range of special programs, including
ladies and co-ed keep-fit classes; toddlers, childrens and adult
swimming lessons, adult diving lessons and Royal Lifesaving
Society lessons. Full information on public swimming hours is
available at the centre or by calling 228-4521. The current
schedule is effective until Sept. 8.
INTENSIVE ENGLISH
An intensive program in English as a Second Language begins
Aug. 7 and runs for three weeks. Two sessions are offered:
mornings from 9 a.m. to 12 noon; afternoons from 1:30 to
4:30 p.m. Courses, offered at all levels, have 14 sessions of 3
hours of instruction at a cost of $125. More information
through the Language Institute, Centre for Continuing
Education, 228-2181, local 285.
International House offers a cheap travel opportunity
International House on campus
isn't just a meeting place for students
from countries other than Canada. It's
a year-round chance for Canadians to
explore places like Nigeria, Indonesia
or Denmark without ever leaving the
comfort of their living rooms.
This summer, the people working at
International House are especially
busy trying to introduce Canadians to
some 300 students from other countries who are expected to begin their
studies at UBC in September.
The new students, who are mostly
graduate students at the masters level,
have all been accepted academically
by UBC. They've received their
various forms and notifications. But
most of them likely have little idea of
what UBC or Vancouver is like, what
the climate is like, or the people are
like. And most of them probably don't
know a soul in Vancouver.
"Once they've been accepted. International House sends them a package
of material that we've put together explaining what to expect in Vancouver.
And they get an impersonal letter,"
explained Saf Bokhari, program coordinator for International House.
"But we'd like to introduce them to
people who live here before they
come."
The reception and orientation program set up by International House to
do this is arranged so that a Vancouver person who wants to meet
overseas students is given information
about the new student, and writes him
or her a letter explaining details about
Canada, Vancouver, the University,
living conditions or anything else that
might be important.
If it's possible the Vancouverite will
also meet the newcomer when he or
she arrives and give a bit of help finding accommodation for the first few
days.
From mid-August to mid-
September, International House will
set up a booth at the Vancouver airport to greet overseas students. Three
students, funded by the provincial
government's Youth Employment Program, have been working on the
reception and orientation program
and will be at the greeting booth 12
hours a day to ensure a good start to
the students' stay at UBC.
A personal Canadian contact has
been arranged for about 200 of the
300 expected students, Mr. Bokhari
said. Anyone who's interested in
meeting people from other countries is
welcome to join the activity. (Phone
228-5021.)
Since International House has been
greeting overseas students for as long
as it has existed, a steady group of
volunteers has always participated in
the programs and offered its services.
But Saf Bokhari would like to see
more and more off-campus people
becoming part of International House
activities. Dances, cultural evenings,
day hikes are part of the year-round
offerings.
"We're fighting an image that we're
only for foreign students. Well, we're
not," Mr. Bokhari said. "International House can only be international
if Canadian people participate in it."
I*
Canada      Poataa
Poat Canada
Third   Troisieme
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2027
Vancouver, B.C.

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