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UBC Reports Mar 2, 2006

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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
[UBC
VOLUME  52   I   NUMBER  3   I   MARCH  2,2006
UBC REPORTS
2 UBC in the News
3 Brain Blood Flow
5 Celebrate Research
6 Math Word Problems
8 UBC Authors
Scoring more points than anyone else in Canadian
Interuniversity Sport (CIS) basketball, player of the year
candidate Pasha Bains has led the high octane University
of British Columbia Thunderbirds to the first Canada
West perfect regular season in 22 years, and is a big
reason the CIS championships in Halifax on March 16
is circled on the team's calendar.
While it was once considered a slam dunk that Bains,
25, would spend his university playing days at an
American basketball powerhouse, he is just one of many
top Canadian athletes who are choosing to return to
Canada or bypass the U.S. experience altogether.
Just as Canadian businesses and post-secondary
institutions have worked hard to reverse the so-called
brain drain and now compete globally for top talent,
Canadian athletic programs such as UBC's are increasingly attracting this country's top varsity athletes through a
renewed commitment to coaching, player development
and athletics funding.
Before returning to Canada, Bains played two years
at South Carolina's Clemson University against perennial
Final Four favorites such as Duke University and the
University of North Carolina. After spending two years
at Simon Fraser University, Bains credits Thunderbird
(and Canadian national development team) coach Kevin
Hanson for his decision to come to UBC.
"When I played for Kevin at the World University
Games in Turkey, we just clicked right away," says the
six-foot-three, guard. "He gives you so much confidence
and really works hard to help you develop as a player.
He is a huge role model for me."
"My two dreams are to play pro and then coach. So
when Kevin told me about the coaching program here,
that pretty much sealed the deal for me - coming to UBC
continued on page 7
At press time, five UBC teams had made the March
play-offs: men's and women's basketball, men's and
women's volleyball, and men's ice hockey. To stay up
to date, visit: www.gothunderbirds.ca
Students "Un" Plug Parking Meters
Invention would do away with coins, by brian lin
A fellow student's misery has inspired a team of UBC
Electrical and Computer Engineering students to invent a
parking meter that could make carrying change a thing of
the past.
"We were brainstorming for a class project when a
friend of ours walked by, all ticked off about parking on
Robson Street," says Aman Mangat, a fourth-year
student who has since begun a co-op work term with
Telus.
The challenge issued by the team's instructor was
simple: build something from scratch that solves a
real-world problem, with a modest budget of $400.
"Right away, everybody had a parking-related horror
story to offer, and it was clear that the 'problem' was
staring us right in the face," says Mangat.
"It always seems that when you're in a
hurry to park, you're out of change,"
says Jasim Tariq, a fourth-year student
now working with Research In Motion, the
Waterloo-based wireless technology company
known for the Blackberry®.
"Plus there are enormous costs associated with
manual collection of the tolls that could be saved with
an off-site billing system."
The team cherry-picked existing and emerging
technologies and crafted a prototype meter that is both
convenient and economic, then designed the network and
web-based user interface to complete the package.
Reminiscent of the Darth Vader mask, the prototype
meter is wired to a magnetic sensor buried a few
centimetres under the parking space.
"When a vehicle occupies the space,
its bulk distorts the earth's natural
magnetic field and triggers a signal to
activate the parking meter and begin
the transaction," explains
third-year student Owen Kirby.
"The customer then simply waves
a Radio Frequency Tag to validate
his account, and the parking meter
verifies       it, through wireless Internet connection
to the mainframe network, and initiates the transaction,"
adds Gagan Deep, who worked with Kirby on the
microprocessor firmware and electronic circuits of the
continued on page 11 I      UBC      REPORTS       |      MARCH      2,     2006
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EMAIL: public.affairs@ubc.ca
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in February 2006. coMPiled by basil waugh
Making Decisions? Best to
Sleep on it
International media including
Science magazine, the BBC,
Telegraph UK, New York Times,
Boston Globe, the Sydney
Morning Herald and most major
Canadian dailies, reported on
University of Amsterdam
research that suggests the best
way to make tough decisions is
to forget about them. Collect the
relevant information, it says,
then let the unconscious churn
through the options. In the end,
it makes for better decisions.
"This process of just 'sleeping
on it' and 'letting it sit' is not
just procrastination but is a
valuable, productive technique
that is drawing on cognitive
processes that seem to really
exist," said UBC psychologist
Jonathan Schooler, who has
done extensive research in the
field.
"Are we saying that an
executive who has just read an
important report should not
think about it? The research
helps us work toward an answer,
but I don't think we're quite
there yet," said Schooler.
New Kind of Cosmic Object
Discovered
National Geographic magazine
and Canadian dailies including
the Montreal Gazette, Ottawa
Citizen, Calgary Herald,
Vancouver Sun and the Victoria
Times-Colonist, reported the
discovery of an entirely new
kind of cosmic object by a
multinational team of
astronomers. Their findings
were originally published in the
international science journal
Nature.
Named Rotating Radio
Transients (RRATs), the small,
highly compressed neutron stars
are likely related to pulsars,
which spin about once a second
and are often described
as cosmic lighthouses.
Their magnetic poles
emit electromagnetic
radio waves, so each
time a pulsar spins, it
sends out a radio blip.
"These new objects
are basically a new type
of neutron star, but
we're not exactly sure
how they fit together
with the other types,"
said UBC astronomer
and report co-author
Ingrid Stairs. "Instead
of a blip every time it
spins, there is one every
few minutes or every
few hours. They're kind
of like a flickering light-     Poodles
house, one where the Stanley
power is going out on a
regular basis."
Antidepressants May
Harm Infants' Lungs,
Report Says
Several major North American
dailies, including the New York
Times, reported findings
published in the New England
Journal of Medicine that
expectant mothers who took
antidepressants like Prozac late
in their pregnancy were
significantly more likely to give
birth to an infant with a rare but
serious breathing problem.
Timothy Oberlander, a
developmental pediatrician at
UBC, said that the new study
added to a small but growing
literature that was helping clarify
the risks of specific drugs taken
during pregnancy.
"You're talking about small
numbers here, but it's clear that
there are a group of babies that
have more side-effects from
exposure to these drugs than
most," Oberlander said, "and
women need to weigh this
against the risk of untreated
Stay Up to Date with UBC This Week
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electronic news digest — UBC This Week — and get:
The latest UBC news announcements
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Subscribe at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/eservices
get a bad rap, says UBC psychologist
Coren.
depression, which not only affects
the mother but the context in
which the child is raised."
And the Top Dog is...
In a story carried by a dozen of
U.S. dailies, including the
Chicago Tribune, Kansas City
Star and the Monterey County
Herald, the American Kennel
Club has announced the
Labrador retriever as America's
top dog for the 16th consecutive
year, while the golden retriever
hangs in at number two. The
rankings differ widely depending
on geography, however. While the
poodle nosed out the diminutive
dachshund as New York City's
most popular dog in 2005, it
languishes at the bottom of
Chicago's top 10.
"A lot of people look at the
poodle and call it a frou-frou dog
because it doesn't seem a very
tough or macho dog. That's
wrong," said Stanley Coren, UBC
psychologist and author of a
number of books on dogs,
including The Pawprints of
History, and The Intelligence of
Dogs.
"People forget that Omar
Bradley went all around World
War II with a big black poodle
named Beau," said Coren,
referring to the famous army
general. "And everybody associates Winston Churchill with the
bulldog because he looked like a
bulldog. But the truth is Winston
Churchill never owned a bulldog.
He owned miniature poodles and
they were all called Rufus." □
UBC REPORTS
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor
Randy Schmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Designer
Sharmini Thiagarajah sharmini©exchange.ubc.ca
Principal Photography
Martin Dee martin.dee@ubc.ca
Contributors
Lorraine Chan lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
Brian Lin brian.lin@ubc.ca
Bud Mortenson bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Basil Waugh basil.waugh@ubc.ca
Advertising
Sarah Walker public.affairs@ubc.ca
NEXT ISSUE: APRIL 6, 2006
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randyschmidt@ubc.ca or call UBC.NEWS (604.822.6397) REPORTS       |      MARCH      2,     2006      |      3
Okanagan's Lost Trestles Rise Again
Canadian historic site to get help from UBC Okanagan researchers, by bud mortenson
Researchers at UBC Okanagan
hope to unlock the past and help
ensure a sustainable future for a
popular historic site in the hills
above Kelowna, B.C.
Built in the 1910s, a network
of train trestles along a serpentine stretch of the abandoned
Kettle Valley Railway (KVR)
once hugged rock walls and
clearly a unique opportunity —
you don't get a chance like this
very often."
There are gaps in knowledge
about the workforce that pushed
the railway through the
Okanagan, Garvin notes. "We
know exactly when the people
who built the railway were there,
we know where the camps are,
Williams, associate professor of
History, and Russell Currie,
assistant professor of
Management, will begin archeological and historic fieldwork,
and tourism management planning.
Working with B.C. Parks, the
Kelowna Museum, the Atkinson
Museum in Penticton, and the
historian Williams. "We can look
at what the record says, and see if
it corresponds with the evidence."
That historical documentation
— gathered from museums, public and private archives, and even
dusty attics — doesn't always
match the physical evidence
archeologists find on-site.
"We're looking for the evidence
50,000 visitors a year before the
fire," says Williams. "With the
reconstruction, the visitor count
will jump to 100,000 very quickly
— and probably well beyond that
figure."
"Although the trestles are
being rebuilt, there is not yet a
management plan that addresses
the socio-cultural, economic and
One of the last trains to cross the trestles of Myra Canyon was for the filming of CBC's
dramatization of Pierre Burton's "The National Dream" in 1973.
spanned yawning gaps in Myra
Canyon overlooking the
Okanagan Valley. Every year,
thousands of tourists from
around the world came to walk
or cycle the route.
A forest fire in the summer of
2003 destroyed 12 of 16 wooden
trestles and damaged two soaring
steel trestles. The fire did its
worst, but also opened up the
landscape, revealing new discoveries such as a rail siding previously masked by the forest.
"There needs to be a better
record of what's there," says
UBC Okanagan Assoc. Prof, of
Archeology Richard Garvin. "It's
and that they were being supplied with the same type of materials," he says. "Now we hope to
find evidence of the different ethnic and social groups."
The fire damage meant a loss
of about $5 million a year for
the B.C. Interior economy.
Federal and provincial governments responded with $13.5 million to restore the trestles.
"They'll open in the late summer of 2007," Garvin says. "By
that time, we will have a full
field school up and running."
In a project expected to take
three years, starting this summer
Garvin and colleagues Maury
Myra Canyon Trestles
Restoration Society, they will
document how the KVR was
built, and the historical and economic impact the railway had
on the Okanagan and the rest of
B.C.'s southern interior.
While Garvin and his team of
graduate and undergraduate students explore the archeological
evidence, other teams will be
examining historic and economic aspects of Myra Canyon and
its trestles.
"Here you have a major economic resource in the southern
interior of the province that hasn't really been studied," says
and the records — we will have
students finding records, identifying whether or not they are legitimate, and how they can be used.
For history grad students and
undergrads, there are all kinds of
possibilities," Williams says.
"One ofthe project's missions
is to educate the public on the
importance of this cultural and
historical resource. And we will
mobilize the knowledge we
acquire through research to help
communities make informed decisions about tourism development. "
Tourism planning is a big deal
for Myra Canyon. "There were
environmental impact of this
rebuilding on communities and
organizations with a vested
interest in Myra Canyon," says
Currie, whose research interests
include tourism marketing and
feasibility analysis for sustainable
enterprises.
"We want the communities and
stakeholders to decide what level
of development they want. We will
put forth several scenarios
depicting different levels of development with the accompanying
socio-cultural, economic and environmental impacts — allowing
stakeholders to make informed
decisions and plan accordingly." □
Researchers
Study Blood
Flow in Brain
Insights might help prevent damage from clots
or constriction
BY HILARY THOMSON
New insight into restoring
blood flow in stroke and vascular dementia patients, and in
newborns with asphyxia, is the
goal of a collaborative study
between UBC researchers and
colleagues at the University of
Helsinki, Finland.
Brian Mac Vicar, Canada
Research Chair in Neuroscience,
and Kai Kaila of the University
of Helsinki, will work together
on a two-year project, funded by
a grant of almost $330,000 from
the Academy of Finland, and
from the Institute of
Neurosciences, Mental Health
and Addiction of the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research.
"We want to understand the
basic mechanics of how blood
flow relates to brain activity,"
says MacVicar, who is a professor in the Dept. of Psychiatry
and a member of the Brain
Research Centre at UBC
Hospital. "It's an area that's still
not understood despite its high
impact for both basic and
applied neuroscience."
The brain has high energy
demands. The organ represents
only about two per cent of body
weight, but accounts for up to 20
per cent of the body's energy
when at rest.
Blood flow supplies energy for
brain activities, and the brain's
blood vessel contraction and
dilation — with resulting
increase or decrease in blood
flow — is a normal part of brain
Brain researcher Brian MacVicar and colleagues in Finland are demystifying the mechanics of how brain blood how is regulated.
"Now we're finally getting answers to the hundred-year-old question of how brain
cell activity relates to blood flow and how the 'control dial' works."
functioning.
However, improperly regulated
flow can result in brain disorder
or damage. The interruption of
blood flow due to a clot or
blood vessel constriction
(ischemic stroke) or the rupture
of blood vessels (hemorrhagic
stroke) causes brain cells in the
affected area to die. Vascular
dementia can develop when
arteries feeding the brain become
narrowed or blocked.
MacVicar says understanding
of brain blood flow has
advanced significantly in the
past decade.
"We didn't know all the players 10 years ago, nor did we
understand the machinery," he
says. "Now we're finally getting
answers to the hundred-year-old
question of how brain cell activity relates to blood flow and how
the 'control dial' works."
MacVicar is an expert in how
astrocytes — star-shaped cells
that surround nerve cells and
blood vessels in the brain — regulate blood flow within the
brain. In research published in
Nature in 2004, MacVicar and
post-doctoral fellow Sean
Mulligan found that a calcium
signal to astrocytes created constriction in vessels resulting in
decreased brain blood flow.
Now MacVicar wonders if
astrocytes also have a role in
increasing blood flow. He will
study the interplay between
synaptic activity — information
flowing from one brain cell to
continued on page 10 4     I
REPORTS       |      MARCH      2,     2006
CELEBRATE RESEARCH WEEK
MARCH 4-11, 2006   I   www.research.ubc.ca
MARCH 4
Undergrad Research Conference
9:00AM to 6:00PM
This conference celebrates the contributions of
undergraduate research at UBC by providing a unique forum
that exemplifies UBC's commitment to undergrad curricula.
Keep your eyes on www.research.ubc.ca/UGConf.aspx for
updates!
Vancouver Institute Lecture -The Best Ideas You'll
Hear Tonight
8:15PM
Bernie Lucht, Executive Producer of CBC Radio's Ideas
program, has won many awards and received national
and international recognition. He will talk about the show,
how it began, how it evolved, and some of the characters
involved. Visit the VI website http://psg.com/~ted/vaninst/ to
see their full line up of lectures.
IRC Bldg. - 2194 Health Sciences Mall
MARCH 6
Forestry Research Day
12:00PM to 8:00PM
The faculty is hosting a poster session by graduate students
and a feature presentation by Dr. Peter Arcese, Professor,
and Co-Director, Centre for Applied Conservation Research.
More details at www.forestry.ubc.ca/research/talks.html.
Forest Sciences Centre Atrium - 2424 Main Mall
UBC Health Clinic Grand Opening
Daily March 6 to 10,12:30PM to 1:30PM & Wednesday
evening 6:00-7:00PM
UBC's Health Clinic is announcing their Grand Opening to
showcase their brand new facilities. Meet the care team
and tour the state-of-the-art facility. Refreshments will be
served. Daily event info at www.familymed.ubc.ca or call
604-822-5431.
David Strangway Bldg, Suite 300 - 5950 University Blvd
(above Shopper's Drug Mart)
Traffic & Vancouver: Approaches, Solutions, and
Futures
Reception 5:30PM to 6:30PM
Presentation 6:30PM to 7:30PM
Vancouverites, like residents in other major North American
cities, face increased lost time, pollution and accidents from
growing traffic congestion and reduced mobility. Join Sauder
School of Business faculty members and TransLink as they
discuss solutions to these issues. More info available at 604-
822-6801 or email alumni@sauder.ubc.ca.
UBC Robson Square, Room C100 - 800 Robson St.
Internationalization & Education: Perspectives,
Practices, Issues & Controversies
6:30PM Poster Session
7:30PM Lecture
Join two excellent researchers as they open and expand
your knowledge of education in other parts of the world.
Maureen Kendrick will focus on education initiatives in three
Ugandan communities and Handel Wright will speak about
"Researching Multiculturalism in New Times." This is a free
event open to everyone. Visit www.educ.ubc.ca for more
details.
UBC Robson Square Theatre - 800 Robson St.
MARCH 7
Now What Do I Do? Career Opportunities After
Graduate School
1:00PM to 4:00PM
The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences will focus on
Graduate Students and assist them as they explore their
career opportunities after graduate school. Get answers to
questions like: How did I get here? What was I missing?
What do I wish I had known? Refreshments will be served.
Go to www.pharmacy.ubc.ca to register.
St. John's College - 2201 Lower Mall
The Battle Against Infectious Disease
7:00PM to 9:00PM
SARS, Mad Cow, Bird Flu, Super bugs, TB, Influenza,
Pandemic... What are we doing to keep ahead in the
fight against infectious disease? Join Dr. John Blatherwick,
Dr. Janet McElhaney, and Dr. William Bowie for a closer
look at managing outbreaks, influenza, antibiotic use and
resistance. To learn more visit www.vchri.ca.
Vancouver General Hospital - 899 West 12 Ave.
Cordula & Gunter Paetzold Health Education Centre in the
Jim Pattison Pavilion
Science of a Changing Planet
6:00PM to 8:00PM
Understand the fascinating science behind Earth's ever-
changing state. This series of short talks featuring UBC-
based research on problems and solutions associated with
our rapid climate changes and ways you can realistically
reduce GHG emissions. Everyone is welcome. For more
details call 604-822-2624.
UBC Robson Square Theatre - 800 Robson St.
Green College Lecture
5:00PM to 7:00PM
"The Changing Social Contract of Health" talk by Dorothy
Porter, History of Health Sciences, and Chair, Department
of Anthropology, History and Social Medicine, University
of California San Francisco. Limited seating, www.
greencollege.ubc.ca.
Green College-6201 Cecil Green Park Rd.
MARCH 8
Sci-Trek Science & Research Trade Show
10:00AM to 4:00PM
UBC Supply Management presents Sci Trek to all Faculty
and Staff. Check out this amazing science and research
related Tradeshow, visit UBC's Major Suppliers, discover new
scientific products and services and make new contacts at
this event.
www.supplymanagement.ubc.ca
Life Sciences Centre, West Atrium - 2350 Health Sciences
Mall
Venture into UBC Research Developments
5:00PM
Discover the new companies being generated by UBC
research and find out how they are being supported by our
first UBC Entrepreneur-in-Residence, Gary Albach... let the
Add Venture begin. Check out www.uilo.ubc.ca for further
details.
UBC Robson Square, HSBC Hall - 800 Robson St.
Ingredients for a Healthy City
6:00PM to 8:00PM
Rob VanWynsberghe and others will talk about issues of
sustainability and community as they relate to Vancouver's
development towards an Olympic host city. This is a free
event and due to space limitations, pre-registration is
required via their website: www.wuf3.ubc.ca/program/living.
html
UBC Robson Square Theatre - 800 Robson St.
MARCH 9
Obstetrics & Gynaecology Academic Day
8:00AM to 5:00PM
UBC Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Annual Academic
Day is the opportunity for clinical trainees and graduate
students to present their ongoing and/or completed research
to the University. To register or find out more, visit the
website at www.obstgyn.ca or contact Lisa Cattulo at 604-
875-2171.
Women's Hospital, Chan Auditorium - 4500 Oak St.
UBC Discovery Tour
3:00PM to 5:00PM
Discover what UBC has to offer. This is a unique tour is the
first of its kind. Participants will receive a guided tour using
technology from their cell phones or iPods - so bring yours!
The podcast will be available for download prior to March 9
-we'll keep you posted at www.research.ubc.ca. Highlights
include:
• The Faraday Presentation in the Hebb Theatre - an
entertaining look at Physics Principles
• A presentation in the new Life Sciences Building by the
Ubiquitous Computing Group
• A guided tour of the UBC Space telescope
•A draw for Apple iPods. This is an excellent opportunity for
students to discover UBC in a fun and exciting way. Many
of the tour stops are brand new facilities that the public
normally would not be able to access.
Best of all, it's FREE! Pre-register with Kally Basra at 604-
822-6010 or kally.basra@ubc.ca.
Celebrate Research Week Gala
5:00PM to 9:00PM
This spectacular event celebrates selected research award
winners and recognizes their outstanding achievements
- highlighted with video vignettes. The program also includes
special performances by UBC School of Music and UBC
Opera. This is a free event and pre-registration is required.
Contact Kally Basra at 604-822-6010 or kally.basra@ubc.ca
to order your tickets.
The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts - 6265 Crescent
Rd.
Planners for Tomorrow
6:30PM to 8:30PM
Who should be the planners for the cities and towns of
tomorrow? What should be their knowledge, skills an
attitudes? Join the us to hear initial results and contribute
to advancing the dialogue. Engage anytime at www.
plannersfortomorrow.ca.
UBC Robson Square, Room C150/180-800 Robson St.
MARCH 10
Workshop on Future Wireless Systems
8:30AM to 5:00PM
Dr. Salim Hanna from Industry Canada and Dr. Andy Molisch
from Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs will give keynote
presentations on ultra-wideband wireless technologies.
More details visit http://bul.ece.ubc.ca/workshop.html or call
604-822-3237.
Kaiser Bldg.-2332 Main Mall
Engineering Open House
10:00AM to 4:00PM Friday & Saturday
Say the word "doctor" or "lawyer" and an immediate
picture springs to mind of what these careers entail. Now
try "engineer." It's a little harder, isn't it? Join us and learn
about the exciting and diverse world of engineering at the
free Engineering Open House. Visit www.apsc.ubc.ca for
complete details.
Kaiser Bldg.-2332 Main Mall
■
AERL Official Opening
2:00PM to 5:00PM
Everyone is welcome to attend the grand opening of
the Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory (AERL), an
exciting new building that encourages and enhances the
collaborations between natural and social scientists. There
will be demonstrations and presentations of research, results
and innovations. For more info call 604-827-5547.
AERL-2202 Main Mall
MARCH 11
Diabetes Research Forum & Webcast
10:00AM to 12:00PM
A free public research forum where leading UBC researchers
in the field of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes speak on their
current research. Seating is limited so those who are
interested should call Canadian Diabetes at 604-732-4636
to reserve a seat. Ifyou can't attend in person, you can still
take part by logging on to www.ikebarberlearningcentre.
ubc.ca.
Life Sciences Centre, Theatre 2-2350 Health Sciences
Mall
Excellence in Research Lecture - Accelerating
Sustainability in BC
8:15PM
The Vancouver Institute presents Dr. John Robinson,
Director, Sustainable Development Research Initiative at
UBC. Find out about the Centre for Interactive Research on
Sustainability (CIRS) and it why it will be the most innovative
and high performance building in North America. Visit the VI
website http://psg.com/~ted/vaninst/to see their full line up
of lectures.
IRC Bldg. - 2194 Health Sciences Mall
CELEBRATE   ^RESEARCH REPORTS       |      MARCH      2,     2006      |      5
Weeklong
Activities
Reflect
Scope of
UBC
Research
BY HILARY THOMSON
From martini-mixing robots to
strategies for squashing super
bugs, research to be showcased
during UBC's Celebrate Research
Week ranges from the amusing
to the extraordinary.
This year's celebration is
themed Our Place in the World
and will held March 4-11 at
UBC's Vancouver, Okanagan,
and UBC Robson Square campuses as well as partner hospital
sites.
"UBC has a global reputation
for research and this week
allows us to showcase just how
we have earned our place in the
world," says John Hepburn,
UBC Vice-president, Research.
"It is also an opportunity to
invite the public, who funds
much of our research, to celebrate our accomplishments with
us."
Communicating the scope and
impact of UBC research is the
goal of this year's Celebrate
Research Week, says Sid Katz,
Executive Director, Community
Affairs and Celebrate Research
founder.
"With Vancouver hosting the
UN World Urban Forum on
Sustainable Cities in June, it
really seemed appropriate this
year to highlight the many
accomplishments of UBC
researchers at the international
level," says Katz.
How to battle global infectious diseases will be explored
by Chief Medical Health Officer
John Blatherwick, Janet
McElhaney, influenza expert and
head of geriatric medicine at
UBC and Providence Health
Care, and UBC Prof, of
Infectious Diseases William
Bowie. SARS, bird flu, mad cow
and other communicable diseases will be discussed on March
7 from 7 - 8:30 p.m. at the
VGH education centre. Audience
members will be able to ask
questions of the speakers. The
session is jointly presented by
Investigators will showcase creativity and problem solving
symbolized by the astrolabe, an ancient astronomical computer
from March 4-11.
Vancouver Coastal Health
Research Institute and
Providence Health Care Research
Institute.
At Engineering's Open House
March 10 and 11, students will
demonstrate a variety of projects,
including an automatic martini-
making robotic bartender that
Research Initiative will introduce
the Centre for Interactive
Research on Sustainability
(CIRS). Described as a living
laboratory of sustainable technologies and services, CIRS is
heralded as the most innovative
and high performance building
in North America. The
Bruce McManus for a public
talk, titled Me and My
Transplanted Heart — From a
Stormy Love Affair to a State of
Bliss. McManus is co-director of
the ICAPTURE Centre, a partnership of Providence Health
Care and UBC, that seeks solutions to heart, lung and blood
tions that will work in an environment of aging baby boomers.
The presentation will take place
March 6 from 5:30 p.m.-7:30
p.m. at Robson Square.
A highlight of the week is the
March 9 Celebrate Research
Gala, where UBC honours its
outstanding investigators. The
A highlight ofthe week is the March 9 Celebrate Research Gala, where UBC
honours its outstanding investigators.
senses when glasses need filling.
Neither shaken nor stirred, martinis mixed by the robot are
gravity-integrated using a device
like an IV drip. There will be
more than 30 lab tours and
hands-on activities such as a
mini-shake table to simulate
earthquakes and a demonstration
of an ultrasound-based sensor
system to detect blood clots. For
the full schedule of Open House
events, visit www.apsc.ubc.ca.
It could be the greenest building in Canada. On Sat. March
11, John Robinson, director of
UBC's Sustainable Development
Excellence in Research lecture
will be held at 8:15 p.m. at the
Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre on the
Vancouver campus.
On March 6, a UBC
Okanagan interdisciplinary,
multi-media project examines
responses to how the 2003 forest
fires affected the lives of
Kelowna residents. On March 7,
the university opens the Species
at Risk and Habitat Studies
(SARAHS) centre in the Science
Bldg.
On March 8, UBC Okanagan
and Genome BC will host Dr.
vessel disease. The presentation
will be held 8 p.m.-9:30 p.m. at
the Coast Capri Hotel, Kelowna.
How to fix Vancouver's traffic
congestion is the focus of UBC's
Sauder School of Business faculty
members Yossi Berechman, CN
Chair in Professor in
Transportation and International
Logistics: and David Gillen,
YVR Professor of Transportation
Policy and director of Sauder
School of Business Centre for
Transportation. Along with Clive
Rock of Translink, they will look
at lessons and cautions from
abroad as well as considers solu-
accomplishments of more than
200 UBC research award winners
will be celebrated with video
vignettes and performances by
members of the UBC School of
Music. A partial list of
researchers who will be recognized can be found in the Kudos
section of the Feb. 2 issue of
UBC Reports at www.publicaf-
fairs.ubc.ca/ubcreports.
For a complete listing of
Celebrate Research Week events,
visit www.research.ubc.ca and
click on the information box. For
invitations to the gala, contact
kally.basra@ubc.ca. □ 6     I
IC      REPORTS      |       MARCH      2,      2006
Two Camels Leave Cairo, One Heading West • • •
BY LORRAINE CHAN
Two camels leave Cairo, one
heading west at eight kilometres
an hour, the other traveling north
at six kilometres an
hour   . . .
rience mathematical concepts.
"Many life choices are shut
down to those
Brainteasers
like these have been circulating since the time of the
ancients, but 4,500 years of history haven't eradicated math
word problems, nor people's
strong reactions to them, says
Education Asst. Prof. Susan
Gerofsky.
"Most ofthe people I spoke
with during my research hate
them," says Gerofsky, a
curriculum studies expert who's
exploring ways to improve math
instruction.
Gerofsky says she's intent on
finding new teaching methods
that will  engage learners, including those with math "phobia."
Her future research includes
developing software that will
allow high school math students
to use touch, musical sounds and
whole-body movements to expe-
who are
fearful of
math," says
Gerofsky. "I feel
it's vital we open
our minds to what
mathematics is and how
we teach it. Besides, math
gives us an incredible way to
understand and appreciate the
beauty of the world."
Gerofsky comes to the
discipline with a linguistics
background and she advocates
more awareness of language in
math instruction. She traces the
origins of math story problems
in her 2004 book, A Man Left
Albuquerque Heading East:
Word Problems as Genre in
Mathematics Education.
Gerofsky says these riddles
date back to Sumerian and
Babylonian cultures, which
used them to teach mathematical
methods. For millennia, they
also flourished as "traveling
salesmen jokes" along the Silk
Road and other bustling routes
of central Asia.
"Traders used these as
icebreakers to socialize with
people of another culture and to
build trust through friendly
want to solve it," she says.
"They'll ask for extra
information and offer up some
really creative ideas, which may
not have much to do with the
mathematical ideas you intended
them to learn."
Gerofsky adds that by Grade
4, most children learn that these
tales operate in their own
strange universe and submit to
them as a kind of drudgery.
these stories are symbolic. "Kids
recognize that they're not realistic at an extremely young age. If
anything, word problems are
closer to parables."
However, Gerofsky insists the
genre can still work. "Teachers
can use the vivid imagery to help
kids remember certain ideas and
principles they can draw upon
later.
"Sometimes these images are
...math gives us an incredible way to understand and
appreciate the beauty ofthe world."
problem-solving
competition,"
explains
Gerofsky.
Centuries
later, these word
problems have infiltrated every
textbook, from Grade 2 onward
and through university in all
undergraduate math and physics
courses.
Given their ubiquity, Gerofsky
says she'd like to see better use
of these "odd little stories."
"When you talk to really little
kids and ask them, for example,
how long it will take a snail to
crawl out of a well at a certain
rate, they'll take your question
to be a real life problem and
"Students realize they're math
calculations dressed up as a
story. It doesn't matter whether
it appears to be about two
trains, a camel, birds or an
emissary of the pope, their task
is to strip the story down and
solve the problem embedded
there."
For effective use of the genre,
Gerofsky suggests that teachers
stop presenting them as
applications of math to real life
situations.
David Lidstone, an instructor
of mathematics and statistics at
Langara College, concurs.
Lidstone jazzes up math
textbook offerings with his own
word problems that give students a more immediate context.
"For problems pertaining to
motion, which is common in
calculus, I ask students to study
two cars traveling along 12th
Avenue and Kingsway," says
Lidstone. "And there's a wealth
of trigonometry problems in the
angles on the face of a
wristwatch."
When teaching children,
Gerofsky recommends that
teachers admit upfront that
most memorable when the stories
are nonsensical. For example,
given a calculus problem that
involves quadratic functions, it
may help to say, 'This is just like
that story about shooting an
arrow on the moon!'"
In general, Gerofsky advises
math teachers to inject more
"liberal arts" into math instruction to widen its appeal to different types of learners. She believes
this is especially important given
that many academic and career
paths require math and physics.
"Math concepts are taught as
if they exist in a void. They're
presented as fully formed, like a
cold and distant crystal, as if this
knowledge didn't come through
people living and struggling."
Gerofsky would like to see the
" messy parts of human history"
included in math classrooms.
"Wouldn't it be interesting to say
to students, here's something that
came from an ancient Egyptian
papyrus manuscript or a
Babylonian clay tablet? Give the
history, explain that scribes were
being taught this to help them
feed the workers that built the
pyramids." □ IC      REPORTS      |      MARCH      2,      2006      |      7
20 for 20
continued from page 1
meant I could play for Kevin
and do the exact program that I
was looking for," says Bains,
now in his final year in a joint
Masters program in Coaching
Science and Sports Psychology in
the School of Human Kinetics.
In addition to Bains, other
recent transfers to UBC include:
from the University of Kentucky,
Nanaimo-born world junior high
jump champion Mike Mason: in
letes just want to go to the
school where they will have the
best possible overall experience
and they are finding that here,"
she says. "One of our goals is to
give top Canadian athletes the
opportunity to compete in
Canada at the very highest
level."
Theresa Hanson believes that
the number of UBC coaches
with national or provincial team
UBC is the only university in Canada
to hire full-time assistant coaches for
sports other than football, which
gives players the opportunity for
more one-on-one workouts.
baseball, from the University of
Hawaii, Vancouver-born catcher
Steve Bell-Irving: and, from the
University College of San Diego,
Washington State's Fletcher
Vynne: and in basketball, from
St. Francis University in
Pennsylvania, White Rock's
Chad Clifford: from South East
Missouri State, junior national
team's Leanne Evans, and from
Illinois State, the tallest woman
in university basketball,
Calgary's six-foot-six Katie
Ward.
In addition, Vancouver-born
Canadian junior javelin champ
Liz Gleadle has just announced
her decision to attend UBC in
September.
"I think people are realizing
that if you're on a losing squad,
not getting along with the
coaches, or not getting enough
playing time, it doesn't matter
how big your scholarship is,"
says Theresa Hanson, manager
of Intercollegiate Sports for UBC
Athletics and Recreation.
"More and more, varsity ath-
experience in sports such as
women's volleyball and men's
and women's basketball is a
major draw for athletes. She
notes also that UBC is the only
university in Canada to hire
full-time assistant coaches for
sports other than football,
which gives players the opportunity for more one-on-one
workouts.
Theresa Hanson cites the UBC
baseball team as another major
destination for home-grown
athletes. The team has nine
transfers on its roster and
alumnus Jeff Francis now
pitching for Major League
Baseball's Colorado Rockies.
"In 1998 we started what is
still the only university baseball
program in Canada that
competes in the U.S.-based
National Association for
Intercollegiate Athletics. Now
all these Canadian athletes who
never had the chance to play at
a high level in our country are
coming back.
"A big reason UBC can
Bains says this year's squad is "the deepest, most talented team I've ever played on.
compete so well for athletes,"
says Theresa Hanson, "is our
administration's financial
commitment to athletics and our
fundraising efforts, which allows
us to pay for things like extra
coaches and offer up to full
*
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scholarships."   She cites the
upcoming Telus Millennium
Scholarship Breakfast on March
6 as the best example of athletic
fundraising at UBC. Having
raised $3.3 million in six years,
the annual event is the single
most successful fundraiser ever
staged by a university athletics
department in Canada.
Theresa Hanson says CIS
regulations permit Canadian
universities to pay tuition for
athletes, while the National
Collegiate Athletic Association
(NCAA) permits U.S. schools to
pay for athletes' living expenses,
in addition to tuition.
"Money is not as much of a
reason to go to the states
anymore," says Bains.
"Canadian scholarships are
more than I think most people
realize, especially when you consider the tax you have to pay on
U.S. scholarships and the cost of
all the flights back and forth."
Having played university
basketball on both sides of the
49th parallel, the 2004 CIS
player of the year is able to
give some insights into the
differences and similarities
between Canadian and U.S.
sports cultures.
"I'd say athletes down south
generally approach scholarships
as if they were lottery tickets for
the NBA or the NFL - despite
what are often pretty long odds
- and aren't really as interested
in the academic side," says
Bains.
"Varsity athletes in Canada
are just as focused on development, but I think we generally
are more interested in learning
with an eye to life after sports."
As for similarities, Bains says,
"Unless they are a varsity
athlete, I don't think people
realize how much work it is."
Bains says by the time he begins
his daily studies at 10 a.m. he
has already hit the weight room,
watched game footage, and had
a one-on-one workout with his
assistant coach, and physiotherapy for a nagging groin injury.
After four hours of academics,
it's back to the gym for a team
practice, followed by a game or
a night of homework. He says
he tries to end his day by
catching an NBA game on TV.
Bains feels that the experience
of being a varsity athlete can be
extremely rewarding, given the
right situation.
"I think the challenge of
balancing school and sports
makes you a better person and
I can't tell you how happy I am
that I came here," says Bains.
"We are so supported by
everyone from the president,
to the athletics staff, to the
students high-fiving us on
our way to class. This is easily
the deepest, most talented
team I've ever played on and I
can't tell you how good it feels
to be a part of something so
special." □ .  C      REPORTS       |      MARCH      2,     2006
UBC Launches Podcast Service
i
Subscribe to UBC's newest digital service
to receive the latest UBC Talk of the Town
lectures, Global Citizenship speaker series
and a growing list of digital UBC content
via your iPod or MP3 player.
www.ubc.ca/podcasts
as HARD
as YOU
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An Outreach Program of the UBC School of Human Kinetics
Lionel E. McLeod
Health Research
Scholarship Winner
Ti
1he Alberta Heritage
Foundation for Medical
Research (AHFMR) is pleased
to announce that Calvin Yip is
the recipient of the 2005 Lionel
E. McLeod Health Research
Scholarship. The award honours
Dr. Lionel McLeod, the founding
president of AHFMR
Mr. Yip is currently pursuing
a Ph.D. in the Department of
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of
British Columbia. He has received numerous awards and
scholarships during his academic career from NSERC
(Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
of Canada), the Michael Smith Foundation for Health
Research, the Society of Chemical Industry, and the
University of British Columbia. Mr. Yip's research focuses
on the structure and function of proteins and protein
complexes related to antibiotic resistance. More knowledge
in this area could lead to new advances to help battle
resistant bacterial "superbugs."
The Lionel E. McLeod Health Research Scholarship is
given annually to an outstanding student at the University
of Alberta, Calgary, or British Columbia for research related
to human health.
Dr. McLeod was the Head of Endocrinology at the
University of Alberta, Dean of Medicine at the University
of Calgary, President of AHFMR from 1981-1990, and
President and Chief Executive Officer of the University
Hospital, Vancouver.
AHFMR
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Geographers, Planners Explore Future
of Okanagan Cities
BY BUD MORTENSON
Are mid-sized cities up to the
challenge of sustainability?
A team of geography professors
from UBC Okanagan is examining sustainable urban development in mid-sized cities   — places
like Kelowna and Vernon in
B.C.'s Okanagan Valley — on
March 21 as part of UBC's Living
the Global City eight-month
series of panel discussions and
lectures.
The Living the Global City
events are exploring the rapid
urbanization of our globe in
preparation for the coming
United Nations' World Urban
Forum in Vancouver in June
2006.
For the Kelowna event, urban
planners from some of B.C.'s
fastest-growing communities will
join scholars from UBC
Okanagan, the University of
Toronto, and the University of
Waterloo to explore sustainable
development strategies for midsized cities — focusing on the
rapid urban and population
growth experiences of cities in
the Okanagan Valley.
"We're just at the point where
we have to ask 'where we are
going?'" says Bernard Momer,
associate professor of Geography
at UBC Okanagan in Kelowna.
"We have passed the psychological barrier of 100,000 people
and that's when everything seems
to happen at once."
Kelowna's burgeoning population is now 109,500 — up from
76,000 in 1991. Water, roads,
affordable housing, public transit, and air quality are on the
laundry list of social and servicing issues that have challenged
the Central Okanagan through
more than a decade of fast
growth.
Donna Senese, an associate
professor of Geography with an
interest in sustained community
planning, points out that the
experiences of Okanagan cities
are typical for mid-sized cities
elsewhere.
"What's different about the
Okanagan is that it's almost like
the walls of the valley encapsulate it — it's a perfect microcosm
of Western suburbanized cities,"
says Senese.
Fellow UBC Okanagan geographer Carlos Teixeira agrees. "It is
an excellent urban and social
SCHOOL OF REHABILITATION SCIENCES
FACULTY OF MEDICINE
Head, Division of Physical Therapy
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia (UBC) is searching for a
dynamic academic leader for the Physical Therapy Division of the School of
Rehabilitation Sciences. UBC currently houses the only provincial university
program in physical therapy and the program is in a major re-organization and
growth phase. The Head of the Physical Therapy Division is expected to provide
academic leadership within the School, the Faculty, the University and the province
on issues relating to physical therapy research, teaching and learning, and
knowledge translation. The academic leader needs the knowledge and skills to
foster an environment which facilitates teaching, learning, and growth in research;
a leader who recognizes and strengthens the university partnerships with the
physical therapy community, with health care agencies involved in clinical practice
and with the clinical research centres and institutes where faculty are engaged in
research.
The Physical Therapy Division is currently comprised of 8 full-time faculty
1 endowed chair, over 60 clinical faculty and 6 support staff. There are 80
professional-entry master's students in Physical Therapy, 25 MSc students, 5 PhD
students, and 2 post doctoral fellows. There is a strong research culture at UBC
and the current physical therapy faculty have research affiliations with the Brain
Research Centre, the International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries (IC0RD),
the Arthritis Research Centre of Canada, the Centre for Hip Health, as well as
many others.
UBC is located on the Point Grey peninsula, 25 minutes from downtown
Vancouver with an exceptional array of cultural, sports and recreational facilities.
This is a full time tenured appointment at an anticipated senior academic rank.
Salary and rank are commensurate with qualifications. The administrative
appointment as Head, Division of Physical Therapy is a 5 year renewable
appointment. Successful candidates will have a PhD degree, a strong research
record, exceptional communication skills, a demonstrated record of leadership,
evidence of excellence in teaching in the professional entry to practice and
research graduate programs in physical therapy, and be eligible for licensure
in the College of Physical Therapists of British Columbia.
The position is available as of July 1, 2006, subject to final budgetary approval
The deadline date for applications is April 1, 2006.
The University of British Columbia hires on the basis of merit and is committed
to employment equity. We encourage all qualified individuals to apply; however
Canadians and permanent residents of Canada will be given priority.
Please forward curriculum vitae, 4 representative publications, and the names
and contact information for 3 referees to:
Dr. Brenda Loveridge, Interim Director
School of Rehabilitation Sciences
University of British Columbia
T325-2211 Wesbrook Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5
THE UNIVERSITY OF    2"E*   BRITISH C01UMBIA
laboratory to study issues such as
urban growth and sprawl, population growth and change, lack of
affordable housing, traffic, pollution, water supply and demand,
homelessness — it has a lot of
challenges," he says.
For information about the
March 21 panel discussion in
Kelowna and other Living the
Global City events, see
www.wuf3.ubc.ca/program/fiv-
ing.html
More than
166 Works
from UBC
Authors
BY GLENN DREXHAGE,
the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre
What have UBC authors done
lately? An awful lot, actually —
and the results will be on display
at the Sixteenth Annual Authors'
Reception on March 30. The
event profiles the contributions of
campus talent and will feature at
least 166 titles published by 158
UBC scholars during 2005 —
including current and retired professors, staff and students. A
complete list of UBC authors and
their works is available at
http://www.library.ubc.ca/author-
sweek.
The range of expertise on offer
among UBC books reflects what's
been going on campus-wide in
research and teaching, says
Margaret Friesen, a UBC librarian and chair of the UBC Authors
Committee. But it goes beyond,
she says, "because we have bedtime reading, music CDs and
videos here as well."
Thirty-six broad disciplines —
from anthropology to zoology —
will be profiled at the annual
reception, with leading topics
including literature, political science, medicine, music, education,
and English language and literature. Seventy per cent of the
works submitted for the event fall
under the banner of arts, humanities and social sciences, while the
remainder are in the categories of
science and medicine.
For those wanting a provincial
fix, there's plenty of "B.C.-iana"
to consider from UBC, including
works on First Nations language
and anthropology, local history,
fine arts and the environment.
UBC-authored books on B.C.
topics will soon be displayed at
Koerner Library, in an exhibit
entitled B.C. in Print.
Print continues to be the dominant medium, although UBC
authors also use other formats.
This year also counts six DVDs,
six music CDs, at least one CD-
ROM, six e-books, technical
reports, conference proceedings,
exhibition catalogues and several
new musical scores by perennial
UBC composer Stephen Chatman.
In 2005, UBC works have been
published in at least 15 countries,
and appear in a range of languages, including Chinese,
French, German, Indie, Japanese,
Korean and Slovakian. □ UBC      REPORTS      |       MARCH      2,     2 O O 6      |      g
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SmS   NEWS TV I RADIO
UBC Public Affairs has opened both a radio and TV studio
on campus where you can conduct live interviews with local,
national and international media outlets.To learn more about
being a UBC expert, call us at 604.822.2064 and visit our
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THE CHAN CENTRE FORTHE PERFORMING ARTS PRESENTS
ESTONIAN PHILHARMONIC
CHAMBER CHOIR
PAUL HILUER, CONDUCTOR
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SATURDAY MARCH 11, 2006 | 8 PM
Chan Centre Ticket Office 604.822.2697 | www.chancentre.com
www.ticketmaster.ca | 604.280.3311 (service charges apply)
THE CHAN CENTRE FORTHE PERFORMING ARTS      ^BCI        	
ATTHE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA %
Researchers Study Blood Flow in Brain
continued from page 3
another — and astrocytes in
regulating vascular tone and
blood flow in the brain.
"If astrocytes prove to be
triggers that dictate flow, we
may be able to modify the
signals and control the flow to
prevent brain damage and loss
of function, " he says.
At the University of Helsinki,
Kaila's lab focuses on molecular
and biophysical mechanisms
related to synaptic activity.
Kaila, and fellow lab member
Juha Voipio, have identified a
mechanism of brain cell-to-
astrocyte communication that
generates carbon dioxide — a
chemical signal known to have a
profound effect on cerebral
blood flow.
"The brain is often viewed as
an information-processing
machine only," says Kaila. "A
close look at its energy metabolism, however, reveals complexities of organization, trade-offs
and optimizations.
Understanding the control of
regional blood flow will help us
better understand brain diseases
and hopefully help in the design
of new therapies."
•?" Tung Lin Kok Yuen asa
Canada Society    *\W7
UBC's Institute of Asian Research and
Department of Asian Studies welcome:
Venerable Professor Dhammajoti
Centre of Buddhist Studies, The University of Hong
Kong, will be giving two public lectures as follows:
The SarvastivSda Theory of Simultaneous Causality
Wednesday March IS at 12:30pm-l:30pm
CK. Choi Bldg UBC,
#120-1855 West Mall
Two Buddhist Theories of Knowledge
Thursday March 16 at 4:00pm-5:0Cpm
UBC Robson Square,
CI80-800 Robson Street
Free Admission. Public Welcome.
Visit www.iar.ubc.ca for further information or
call Karen Jew at 604 822-4688.
This lecture ii made possible by the generous support from Tung
Lin Kok Yuen. Canada Society, and The Tung Lin Kok Yuen Canada
foundation in cooperation with The Unis-eosity of Horn, Konz.
Research findings will also aid
in the treatment of newborns
experiencing asphyxia, or
insufficient intake of oxygen,
a condition known as hypoxic-
ischemic encephalopathy.
Symptoms are similar to stroke
in adults, and can result in
permanent damage such as
mental retardation and epilepsy.
The condition affects two to four
babies per 1,000 births in
developed countries.
In addition, more information
about brain blood flow
mechanics will benefit brain
imaging that looks at increased
blood flow to determine areas of
increased brain function or
damage, says MacVicar, who is
also a member of the Vancouver
Coastal Health Research
Institute.
Every year, 50,000 Canadians
suffer a stroke. Another 300,000
people are living with the
consequences of stroke, which
is the leading cause of adult
disability in Canada.
Vascular dementia is the
second most common form of
dementia after Alzheimer's disease. One in 13 Canadians over
age 65 is affected by Alzheimer's
disease and related dementias.
The Brain Research Centre
comprises more than 150
investigators with multidisciplinary expertise in neuroscience
research ranging from the test
tube, to the bedside, to industrial
spin-offs. The centre is a
partnership of UBC and
Vancouver Coastal Health
Research Institute, the research
body of the health authority. □
University Neighbourhoods Association
Serving the University Town Residents of UBC
Executive Director
One of the world's most interesting developments in residential community-building is happening
right here at UBC. Interwoven with the University itself is the creation of a 'university town' - a new
mixed use and sustainable community that already has 3,000 residents and ultimately will have 20,000.
Its setting, facilities, and events offer rich opportunities to create a unique lifestyle - truly a very special
platr lo live (sit www. university town .ubc.ca).
The University Neighbourhoods Association (UNA) approximates a municipal council for the local
aivas on campus, promolmy tin1 creation of a vibrant, sociable, safe and diverse university (own
community at UBC (see www.myuna.ca). It has now reached a stage in its growth where it seeks its first
Executive Director. This lole will be responsible for providing vision and leadership to the organization
and for overseeing the daily operations of UNA regarding services facilities, programs and events
finances, and related issues.
You should have a university degree (probably business related) with several years of relevant experience,
possibly in au association, municipality or service business. You combine creativity and imagination
with strong management skills in Nuance, policy development, and program implementation. Above
all you're a natural communicator aud relationship builder, who will enjoy working with a diverse group
of constituents and stakeholders.
I his chance to shape a landmark community represents an intriguing challenge and a great opportunity
for personal growth in a social environment.
Western
Management
Consultants
Membet Wald Search Group
Please e mail your resume to Western Management
Consultants, guo ting file 08544, al search @ wmc.bc.ca,
or telephone Richard Savage or Ann-Britt Everett
at: 604-687-0391 tor more information. UBC      REPORTS      |       MARCH      2,      2 O O 6      |
Students "Un" Plug Parking Meters
continued from page 1
parking meter.
To demonstrate the parking
meter's adaptability to existing
technology, the team designed it
to work with RF ID tag Esso®
stick pass, which is a one-inch-
long plastic tube that gives
customers instant access to their
accounts.
"We chose radio frequency
identity — or RFID — tags like
the Esso® stick because it's
widely available and costs less
than 40 cents each," says classmate Erik Schortinghuis. "The
only information stored on the
tag is the customer's account
number. All other pertinent
information is stored on the
server, protected by firewalls and
other security measures."
Shane Wang, who designed the
web site and back-end software,
says the site will also provide
city planners valuable usage data
and enable administrators to
(Left to right) Owen Kirby, Gagan Deep, Shane Wang, Erik Schortinghuis,
Jasim Tariq and Aman Mangat. (Below) The tiny RFID tag could mark the
end of carrying parking change.
adjust rates and enforce violations in real time.
"All the billing is done centrally so it's a breeze to administer
different rates according to
geographic region or time of
day," says Wang. "If a tag is
stolen, for example, the customer
can simply flag it through the
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web site and the parking meter
will alert the administrator of
any unauthorized use."
"The only downside of this
system," says Mangat, "is you
don't get any free parking time.
The meter stops charging as soon
as the car leaves the lot."
The team received the top
marks in their course, and a
recommendation to approach
UBC's University Industry
Liaison Office (UILO) with their
invention.
"It always seems
that when youVe
in a hurry to park,
you're out of
change."
Randy Smith, Technology
Transfer Manager for Physical
and Computer Sciences at the
UILO, says while individual components of the parking meter and
billing software use existing or
open source technology, the way
they come together is innovative
and potentially patentable.
"UBC is a North American
leader in faculty research
commercialization," says Smith.
"That innovative spirit seems to
be rubbing off on our students."
"We all feel inspired and excited to have taken a concept and
make it a reality," says
Schortinghuis. "There is no limit
to what a little imagination and
determination can  do."
For more information or to
test-drive the web interface, visit
ipark.shanewang.com □
Accommodation for
UBC Visitors
Toint (grey
Quest Mouse
West Coast Suites
at The University of British Columbia
Here is the perfect alternative for a stay in Vancouver. Surrounded by the
spectacular beauty ofthe UBC campus, our fully-equipped, quality suites
offer convenience and comfort for visiting lecturers, professors, family,
friends or anyone who wants to stay on Vancouver's west side. Close to
restaurants and recreation both on and off campus, and only 20 minutes
from downtown Vancouver, the West Coast Suites is a wonderful retreat from
which to visit friends or make your stay on business a pleasure.
www.westcoastsuites.com
Reservations Tel 604 822 1000  Fax 604 822 1001
5961 Student Union Boulevard Vancouver BC V6T 2C9
f Conferences and
Accommodation
at The University of British Columbia
A DIVISION OF HOUSING AND CONFERENCES
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In our forest by the sea. We offer the best range of affordable
accommodation, meeting space and conference services in the
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604.323-6795 12      |
.  C      REPORTS      |      MARCH      2,      2006
UNIVERSITY TOWN
Did you know?
University Town is not part
of the City of Vancouver, nor
is it a municipality. University
Town is part of UBC, which
operates under the Provincial
University Act.
SERVING   UBC'S   EMERGING   RESIDENTIAL  COMMUNITY
National Wildlife
Federation Recognizes UBC
For Leadership in Campus
Sustainability
The National Wildlife Federation,
North America's largest wildlife
conservation agency, has presented
the University of British Columbia
with a NWF Campus Ecology
Recognition Award for sustainability
initiatives.
As part of this honour, the NWF
has created a Campus Ecology
Yearbook, available on its website,
which offers a comprehensive look at
UBC's sustainability efforts during the
2004/2005 academic year.
These include the Ecotrek
infrastructure upgrade, which has
reduced campus energy use by 10 per
cent since 1998 despite a 24 per cent
increase in students; a colour-coded
composting system for food organics
in cafeterias; and the Campus
Sustainability Strategy, which seeks
to collect, synthesize, and publish all
UBC actions relating to sustainability
on campus.
As a result of these initiatives,
UBC is on track to meet and surpass
the Kyoto Protocol's 2012 target of
reducing greenhouse gas emissions
by 25 per cent. The first Canadian
university to adopt a sustainable
development policy in 1997, UBC is
the only Canadian university in North
America to receive this recognition.
Visit www.nwf.org for more
information on the UBC Campus Ecology Yearbook, or contact Ruth
Abramson, UBC Campus Sustainability Office, at 604.822.0473
A New Way To Get To UBC!
TransLink's new #84 bus route with service between VCC-Clark Station
and UBC is now running. This limited-stop service provides a good
alternative to the #99 B-Line, especially for UBC commuters using
the Millennium Line and transferring to the #99 at the Commercial/
Broadway Station.
Now, transit users can stay on the Millennium Line for one more
station to catch the #84. The service operates on Monday through
Friday on 15-minute frequencies with the first departure from VCC-
Clark Station at 6:45 am and the last departure from UBC at 7:30 pm.
While the service currently operates on weekdays only, there are
plans to increase service and frequencies as ridership continues to grow.
For more information on route, schedule, and frequencies, visit
www.translink.bc.ca.
UNIVERSITY
BOULEVARD
HAWTHORN PLACE
HAMPTON PLACE
SOUTH CAMPUS
EAST CAMPUS
CHANCELLOR PLACE
NORTH CAMPUS
GAGE SOUTH
Traffic Down In U.Town
The 2005 traffic counts are
in and UBC's performance
continues to lead the region in
traffic reduction measures. Since
1997 UBC has reduced Single
Occupancy Vehicle traffic to and
from the campus by 18 per cent,
increased public transit use by
140 per cent, and decreased total
vehicle traffic by 22 per cent.
"UBC's success in shifting
commuter trips from
automobiles to transit is
unprecedented in the region,"
said Nancy Knight, UBC
Associate Vice-President of
Campus and Community
Planning. "No one could have
imagined that we would reduce
total traffic volumes by 22 per
cent during the same time that
student enrollment and the
campus population increased
26 per cent."
Major factors in UBC's
success are the student U-pass
program and the elimination of
nearly 3,000 surface parking
stalls since 2000. For further
detail on UBC's 2005 traffic
counts please visit:
www.planning.ubc.ca
Photograph by Martin Dee / UBC Public Affairs
busters
Decreasing Daily Traffic at UBC
Hi
1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005
Year
Myth: Construction of the new South Campus neighbourhood will harm Pacific Spirit
Regional Park.
Reality: The neighbourhood development will not happen in Pacific Spirit Regional Park nor
will a single tree in the Park be impacted by this development. In fact, UBC will extend the
benefits of the park by creating a 30-metre buffer between South Campus and the park.
Myth: UBC is building housing for the rich.
Reality: 50 per cent of all homes in University Town are for residents who are in some way
affiliated with the University. In the nearly completed Hawthorn Place neighbourhood, nearly
75 per cent of the residents are affiliated with the University.
Myth: Student fees are being used to build University Town.
Reality: No student fees are being used to build University Town. All proceeds from
University Town go towards endowment to support student bursaries, scholarships and research.
University Town  UBC External Affairs Office 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z2 T: 604.822.6400  F: 604.822.8102  www.universitytown.ubc.ca

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