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UBC Medicine 2013

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J_2 Doubling down
on a proven
W   Residencies
spread beyond
]fc Looking for a
rare liver disease
... in diapers
How our physical and social
environment gets under our skin
a place of mind the university of British Columbia UBC
Building an airtight case
The graveyard shift
At the nexus of nature and nurture
A recipe for understanding cancer
VOL.9 1 NO. 2 FALL 2013
A publication of the University
of British Columbia's Faculty
of Medicine, providing news
and information for and about
faculty members, students,
staff, alumni and friends.
Letters and suggestions are
welcome. Contact Brian Kladko
at brian.kladko@ubc.ca
Address corrections:
Residencies proliferate beyond Vancouver
Doubling down on a proven treatment
Blanket? Check. Car seat? Check. Poop colour chart? Huh?
Investigations and breakthroughs
Thousands of shades of grey
UBC hosts a centre for compassionate care
An instructional video breaks out of the classroom
Enhancing excellence: New arrivals to the Faculty of Medicine
An unrestricted gift, from an unexpected source
An anesthesiology pioneer helps others pursue the research she could not
Young scholars take UBC to the world
From the executive suite, focusing on street-level challenges
A $35 million boost rewards long-term thinking in heart and stroke research
Communications Director
Brian Geary
Brian Kladko
Contributing writers
Anne McCulloch
Daniel Presnel
Signals Design Croup Inc.
Online at
ubc-medi cine-magazine
Paper from
responsible sources
It may seem unexpected, but as an academic oncologist who cares
for women with gynaecological cancer, I've become an expert in
denial - not ofthe reality of disease, with which I'm all too familiar,
but of its origins.
Perhaps I'm so focused on the present reality of therapeutic
options that the fundamental "why" gets lost. Or, perhaps, I would
rather not go there. Although there are no "sure outcomes" in caring
for those persons affected by cancer, the causes ofthe disease are
far murkier. It's easier to attribute the clinical state ofthe woman
sitting in front of me to the roulette wheel of misfortune - some
arbitrary genetic mutations - than to ponder what they might have
done or what they might have been exposed to that ultimately
brought them to seek care from the BC Cancer Agency. There must
be a reason that these cells followed an aberrant pathway.
We all suspect that actual environmental factors - whether it's
lifestyle, pollutants, or our domestic and social circumstances
- likely overwhelm sheer randomness as a cause of disease.
The challenge is finding the operative factors amid hundreds of
different environmental variables.
Overcoming that challenge is essential if we are to become a
healthier society. It's a task ideally suited to academic health
scientists, like the brilliant ones described in this issue of
UBC Medicine, because they have the training, the acumen, the
discipline and hopefully the resources to discern the signals from
the noise.
It is slow, with some projects, like the BC Generations Project,
unlikely to yield meaningful insights for decades. But knowing that
these efforts are underway, and the skills and dedication of those
behind such efforts, I have no excuse to be in denial. Answers are
on the way.
Gown C.E. Stuart, MD, FRCSC
Vice Provost Health, UBC
Dean, Faculty of Medicine
As a general surgeon involved in teaching surgical and family
practice residents, I read the sentence "patient safety requires
limited work hours" with disbelief. There is no doubt that this
message has been driven home to the residents. As an example, our
current family practice residents spend a grand total of six weeks
doing the surgical part of their rotation but are severely restricted in
the number of hours they can work. Working past midnight is a thing
ofthe past, and when "academic" and "clinic"days are subtracted,
their exposure to clinical medicine is clearly woefully inadequate.
On this basis, it is impossible that the three "pre-eminent
principles" quoted in the article could ever be met. Clinical skills
are acquired by exposure to patients, but when residents are not
"allowed" (their words, not mine) to work outside their allotted
hours, how can this be compatible with our primary aim, which
is providing the best patient care of which we are capable?
Ironically, far from evolving from the "sink or swim" approach of
Dr. Stuart's grandfather, we are in danger of completing the circle
and returning to these very days.
The conversion of medical training from a patient-centred
approach to an almost unionised shift system where the lifestyle of
the practitioner takes centre stage has been depressing to observe.
The day will come when we have to rely on these graduates for our
own health care - not an encouraging prospect.
Gordon McLauchlan
Clinical Instructor, Department of Surgery
General Surgeon
Nanaimo OCUS ON:
^    M ft
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'.'■NwTI I. Denise Daley and Andrew
Sandford are investigating
whether exposure to smoking
[eaves marks on children's genes.
Chris Carlsten's lab is relegated to the basement of a research
annex at Vancouver General Hospital, and that's probably just
as well.
First of all, there is the dull rumble of a diesel generator that
reverberates throughout the room whenever an experiment is
running.Then there is the smell - unnoticed by some, but distinctly
detectable by others - of exhaust.
But most of all, there is the polycarbonate-enclosed chamber,
about the size of a standard bathroom. In Dr. Carlsten's
experiments, research subjects sit and exercise in the chamber for
two hours, inhaling the diluted and aged exhaust that simulates
the air quality along highways in such places as Beijing or at busy
ports of British Columbia.
This somewhat unnerving set-up, one of only five such
pollution labs in the world, is key to Dr. Carlsten's mission:
to establish a definitive link between diesel exhaust and asthma,
the intermittent constriction ofthe lungs that causes chest
tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing.
Although there is ample epidemiological evidence that diesel
exhaust exacerbates the disease among people who already have
it, Dr. Carlsten is using his lab to understand exactly how that
happens. One theory he is testing is that diesel exhaust triggers
oxidative stress - a chain reaction of harmful chemical reactions
that disrupt the normal functioning of cells, particularly their
membranes and DNA.
Demonstrating such a physiological proof of damage, he believes,
is the only way to get tougher policies enacted. He refers to it as
"biological plausibility."
Chris Carlsten in the chamberthat simulates levels of diesel
exhaust in places like Beijing, photo credit: don erhardt
"To get regulations passed and tighten standards, we need
multiple layers of scientific evidence," says Dr. Carlsten,
an Associate Professor of Medicine and the Astra-Zeneca Chair
of Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease in the Division
of Respiratory Medicine. "While epidemiological patterns and
correlations can be very convincing, opponents can dismiss them,
claiming there is 'unmeasured confounding.' But if you can show
it experimentally, and it matches the epidemiology, you're creating
a stronger case that is harder to deny."
Building a stronger case for environmental modifications -
that is the ultimate goal of researchers exploring the molecular
and physiological forces underpinning asthma, which affects
eight per cent of Canada's population, including 486,000 children.
Some, like Dr. Carlsten, aspire to influence public policy.
Denise Daley, on the other hand, envisions changes in
ndividual behaviour.
An Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine, Dr. Daley
is leading a five-year study exploring whether early life exposure
to cigarette smoke alters the expression of certain genes, and
whether that increases susceptibility to asthma. And her research
tools, like Dr. Carlsten's, are relegated to the basement.
Stored in industrial-sized freezers at St. Paul's Hospital are
thousands of frost-covered vials, containing blood and blood
components donated by parents and children in British Columbia
and Manitoba over a 1 5-year period. The donors also provided
nformation about their health, and in the case ofthe parents, their
smoking habits.
Dr. Daley and her collaborators will use those samples to look
for a type of genetic alteration known as methylation, in which
a compound of carbon and hydrogen latches onto a part of
the DNA.That bonding can dampen the expression of individual
Continued on next page FOCUS ON:
Ryon Anas participates in
an experiment in Chris Carlsten's
Air Pollution Exposure Laboratory.
Continued from p. 5
genes, leading to significant changes in how cells develop
and function.
The connection between parents' smoking and children's asthma
is already well established, but much like diesel exhaust, it's
a circumstantial case, based on statistics about patterns of
behaviour and illness. So even though smoking is a "risk factor"
for asthma, it hasn't proven to be a cause.
Dr. Daley's team is pursuing the hypothesis that exposure to smoke
causes changes in methylation patterns that, in turn, trigger a
cascade of reactions leading to childhood asthma, and possibly
allergies as well.
In trying to prove that theory, they will try to identify where in the
genome methylation takes place. Using powerful computers,
they will then search for patterns and correlations based on data
about the donors - whether the parents smoked, whether the
children were exposed to smoke in the womb or in early childhood,
and whether the children suffer from asthma or allergies.
Once Dr. Daley has identified areas of methylation and correlations
with smoking, asthma and allergies, her collaborator, Professor of
Medicine AndrewSandford, will seek to identify what those areas
of DNA instruct their host cells to do.
"What is that mechanism?" Dr. Daley says. "If we know it, we might
be able to intervene, depending on the child's genetic profile."
Maybe that intervention would be a drug. More likely, it would be
a variety of recommendations for the parent that would counteract
or mute the effects ofthe turned-off gene - such as bringing a dog
into the home, or removing a dog from the home, depending on the
child's genotype. Other recommendations could touch on diet or
physical activity.
"We may have very targeted environmental solutions that maybe
different, based on what your genes are," says Dr. Daley, a Canada
Research Chair in Genetic Epidemiology of Common Complex
Diseases and a Career Scholar ofthe Michael Smith Foundation
for Health Research.
Of course, recommendations are only as good as the person who
is supposed to follow them. Although warnings about smoking -
and especially smoking while pregnant - have been enormously
effective, some expectant mothers still do it. But if doctors can point
to a child's genetic profile while conveying the need to take certain
steps, Dr. Daley believes the message might carry more weight.
"We're not far from determining a child's susceptibility," she says.
"If we can identify what types of gene-environment interactions
they are susceptible to, then, working with the parents, we might
be able to modify their environment."
Dr. Carlsten, while believing tobacco use has "no redeeming
value" and therefore should be choked off as quickly as possible
through bans and taxes, has focused on what might seem a more
ntractable problem. After all, diesel exhaust isn't the product of
a bad habit, but the product of transportation - the lifeblood of
ndustrialized and developing economies.
All the more reason, he believes, to find the proof of harm. Thus,
he maintains a steady stream of volunteers willing to spend a
couple of hours - usually several
times - in his Air Pollution
Exposure Laboratory.
"Atthe end ofthe day, any effort
to change regulations about
diesel exhaust will very likely be
challenged in court," he says. "When
you have experimental studies,
that changes the whole story
very powerfully. If the community
believes you've demonstrated
a mechanism by which harm is
inflicted, the effort gains credibility."
Dr. Carlsten has uncovered solid evidence of his oxidative stress
theory, by giving his subjects anti-oxidants before exposing
them to exhaust.The result: their lungs don't constrict as much
as they do when not given antioxidants. He also has found that
exhaust exposure causes a rise in a type of micro-RNAthat plays
a role in immunity (and thus inflammation), and has determined
that anti-oxidants prevent that increase.
While it's reasonable to think that anti-oxidants might thus have
potential as a preventive therapy for asthma, Dr. Carlsten would
rather seethe findings used to justify a requirement for diesel
engines to produce fewer oxidizing particles.
"I'm not a big supporter of anything that seems like a treatment,
because that's avoiding the fundamental problem," he says. "It's
much more important to me to validate the plausibility of what
we're seeing epidemiologically, so we can decrease air pollution
and protect the entire population."
Frozen vials of DNA being used
to determine whether early life
exposure to smoking affects
gene expression, photo credit:
BRIAN KLADKO Paramedic Renee MacCarron, one of the participants in a study that aims to reduce the risk of breast cancer in shift workers.
Renee MacCarron, a paramedic with BC Ambulance Service in
South Surrey, finishes a night shift at 7 a.m., heads home to get
her three children off to school, and crawls into bed. She falls
asleep immediately.
Three or four hours later, however, her brain - and her body - are
going again. For a person on a normal schedule, it would be like
waking up at midnight to go grocery shopping and then helping the
kids with homework before leaving for work, again.
"I find shift work really takes its toll," says MacCarron, 47, whose
schedule consists of two 1 2-hour day shifts, two 1 2-hour night
shifts and four days off. "My short-term memory is particularly
bad after night shifts. My children will ask me for permission to go
to a friend's house and then a couple of days later, they're getting
ready to leave and I won't remember the conversation. It happens
all the time."
Working night shifts for the past 25 years has not only left
MacCarron exhausted, it also has increased her risk of breast
cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has
identified shift work that disrupts sleeping patterns as a probable
cause of cancer.
With the support of the Canadian Cancer Society, UBC researchers
are examining whether improved sleep habits can reduce the risk
of breast cancer in women who work night shifts, such as nurses,
emergency dispatchers and casino workers.
"I love myjob, but knowing it can potentially have a risk like that is
disconcerting," MacCarron says. "I was gung-ho to participate in
a study that I hope can help future shift workers."
Led by Carolyn Gotay, a Professor in the School of Population and
Public Health, the study is exploring the impact of a sleep program
on risk factors for breast cancer - not only diet and exercise, but the
condition of their breast tissue (both density and changes to density
over time), production ofthe hormones Cortisol and melatonin,
and levels of insulin, vitamin D, glucose and certain proteins.
Carolyn Gotay.
"We know women are very concerned
about their increased risk, but there
are very few programs currently
available to help them," says Dr. Gotay
who is the Canadian Cancer Society
Chair in Cancer Primary Prevention.
"If our sleep intervention is beneficial,
we're hoping workplaces and unions
may make this support available to
their workers."
During the study, participants complete a sleep program (in which
a "coach" provides advice for sleeping better), keep a diary to
chronicle the quality of their sleep, and wear a wristwatch-like
device that monitors their sleep efficiency and physical activity by
measuring movement and sensing light.
"Sleep is a skill that takes practice," MacCarron says. "I can't
believe how much my sleep has improved just by using the
techniques I've learned. I'm more refreshed."
This is one of two studies funded bythe Canadian Cancer Society
currently underway at the Cancer Prevention Centre, a partnership
between the Canadian Cancer Society and UBC. The other study
is evaluating the effectiveness of three workplace wellness
strategies to decrease employees' cancer risk.
"We're hoping the study of shift workers will give us further
nsight into the cancer risk, as well as how to help workplaces put
preventative measures in place to reduce that risk and save lives,"
says Barbara Kaminsky, Chief Executive Officer ofthe Canadian
Cancer Society, BC & Yukon. "If we can do this, it would be another
significant step forward in cancer prevention."
Anyone interested in participating in the study should contact
project manager Carola Muhoz at 604-822-1315, or email
shiftworkers.cancerprevent@ubc.ca. More information on the
study can be found at http://cancerprevent.ca/shiftwork A DNA molecule that has been "tagged"through methylation. illustration: christoph bock/max planck institute for informatics
By now, the experiment is a familiar reference point - perhaps
the reference point - for the study of epigenetics, the science of
gene expression.
Like many experiments, it involved rats. But this one seemed to
resonate with humans in a way that few others do.
In brief: it compared the pups of nurturing mothers - those who
made their milk readily available, and spent a lot of time licking
their progeny- with the pups of those who were less attentive
to their young. The pups ofthe less attentive mothers were more
vulnerable to stress, and this difference corresponded to chemical
tags on certain genes.
The findings electrified a whole segment of developmental
scientists by demonstrating how environmental conditions can
affect gene expression, and thus alter the trajectory of cells and
whole organisms. In other words, it showed how life circumstances
can get "under the skin," affecting behaviour through biological
But the implications for human development remain almost as
murky as ever, impeded bythe hard requirements for scientific
validation: large sample sizes, to establish correlations
with statistical confidence, and long timeframes, to allow
environmental conditions to make their mark.
Michael Kobor, however, is not the least bit intimidated.
"Whenever there is a challenge, I look at it as an opportunity," says
Dr. Kobor, an Associate Professor of Medical Genetics and a Senior
Scientist ofthe Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics
(CMMT). "We're off to the races."
Dr. Kobor, a native ofthe Black Forest region of Germany, concedes
he is predisposed to optimism - whether it's a genetic inheritance,
or something he developed through experience, is hard to say. But
he has good reason to be confident.
For one, he has teamed up with McGill University Professor
Michael Meaney, the scientist who designed those rat
experiments. Secondly, they have gained access to data about
hundreds of children from around the world, including information
about their upbringing and DNA-rich blood samples. And they have
secured a $1.5 million grant from the Brain Canada Foundation to
make sense of it all.
Their project will be the first genome-wide examination of how
childhood experience affects the human brain.
Their focus is methylation, the bonding of a molecule made up of
carbon and hydrogen to parts ofthe DNA.These compounds act
as "dimmer switches" on genes, and thus play an enormous role UBC MEDICINE
A girl, in a specially equipped van, has her brain's electrical activity
monitored as part of the Gene Expression Collaborative for Kids
Only (GECKO) Project, a UBC study co-led by Michael Kobor.
in determining how cells behave. Whether methylation occurs,
and where on the DNA it takes place, is now believed to be heavily
nfluenced by environmental conditions.
In essence, Dr. Kobor and his collaborators are seeking the
biological nexus, or nexuses, between nature (genes) and nurture
(upbringing): whether certain adverse experiences, such as abuse,
poverty or loneliness, leave lasting marks on the biology of the
brain that lead to such maladies as depression, aggression or
"There is a huge amount of very diverse but very high quality data
about these children's lives, and how they behave," Dr. Kobor says.
"We can use cutting-edge technology to measure the methylation
state of almost all ofthe 20,000 to 25,000 human genes. With that,
we should be able to establish that what is true in rats might be
transferable to humans."
Dr. Kobor, however, is no expert in early childhood development.
Until recently, he was studying the epigenetics of yeast.
But upon hearing Dr. Kobor describe his work at a Grand Rounds
presentation at the Child & Family Research Institute, Ron Barr,
a Professor of Pediatrics, saw the potential for applying it to
children. Dr. Barr, who had studied the correlation between care-
giving and infant development, proposed that they go back to his
research subjects to get DNA samples.
That is just one of about 45 cohorts that Dr. Kobor and his
collaborators will use over the next three years. Other cohorts
nclude: Quebecois children raised by mothers who experienced
depression and even physical abuse; a similar collection of
Singaporean mothers and children; U.S. children whose mothers
were tutored by nurses in proper parenting techniques; a group
of Wisconsin adolescents who have been followed, along
with their parents, from birth; and a group of children whose
cognitive, emotional and physical traits (including their brains'
electrical activity) were assessed by UBC's Human Early Learning
Partnership, often in the back of a specially-equipped van.
In all of these cases, the participants' DNA will be analyzed by
Dr. Kobor's CMMT lab. The methylation of each donor's DNA will
be matched with data about the donor's life, and the search for
commonalities will begin.
"When I was a graduate student, we were measuring two or three
of these methylation marks in a few samples in a year," says
Dr. Kobor, the Director of Social Epigenetics atthe Human Early
Learning Partnership (HELP). "Now we're measuring half a million
marks in 192 people in five days. There has been a huge explosion
in our ability to do this. And because we do this better than many
people in the world, we've become a hub for social epigenetics."
"Whatever we do
around our children
might leave an imprint
on their genome,
or more accurately,
Michael Kobor.
their epigenome."
That UBC has become such a hub, and that Dr. Kobor finds
himself atthe centre of it, is due largely to the late Clyde
Hertzman, a Professor in the School of Population and Public
Health and Director of HELP who died suddenly in February
2013. Dr. Hertzman, who dedicated his career to demonstrating
how early life experiences affect a child's brain and social
development, was quick to grasp the implications of Dr. Meaney's
rat experiments, and along with Dr. Barr, saw how Dr. Kobor's
expertise could take it further.
"Clyde was a master of getting people together and getting them
excited about projects," Dr. Kobor says. "All of this started with
a $100,000 grant that HELP gave us six years ago."
If Dr. Kobor and his collaborators find that childhood experience
does leave biochemical marks on the DNA of brain cells, and
perhaps other organs, it might help identify which children are
most at-risk, and thus which children should be the highest
priority for prevention or intervention programs. But it also carries
implications for individual behaviour.
"We should perhaps be aware that whatever we do around
our children might leave an imprint on their genome, or more
accurately, their epigenome," Dr. Kobor says. "It reminds us to be
the best parents we can." FOCUS ON:
John Spinelli.
A RECIPE W      „„,_.
Most good science takes time. John Spinelli, a cancer
epidemiologist, is on intimate terms with that hard truth.
His hard-won patience gives him the perfect disposition to serve
as leader ofthe BC Generations Project, an endeavour whose
scientific payoff will likely come long after he retires.
BC Generations is the province's contribution to a national data-
gathering effort aimed at determining which genes, physiological
traits, behaviours and environmental exposures lead to cancer and
other chronic diseases. But unlike most epidemiological studies,
which look back in time at people who have developed cancer or
another disease, BC Generations is tracking people as they age.
The national effort, called the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow,
encompasses five regional data-gathering efforts.The goal is to
amass a database of 300,000 Canadians between the ages of
35 and 69.
The B.C. component was initially spearheaded by Clinical Professor
Richard Gallagher; when he retired in 2011, he handed the baton to
Dr. Spinelli, who, at 58, was also
motivated by scholarly altruism
- putting the pieces in place for
other researchers.
"This is really a labour of love,"
says Dr. Spinelli, a Professor
in the School of Population
and Public Health and
Distinguished Scientist at the
BC Cancer Agency. "Why am
i      o       f*u   nr^n        *• I doing this? It's not for my
June Song of the BC Generations ° J
Project takes measurements of career. This study is for the
LaDonnaFehr at a temporary future, the next generation of
assessment centre in Prince George.      health researchers"
BC Generations began recruiting volunteers in 2009. In its quest to
cast as wide a net as possible, Gallagher came up with the idea of
temporary assessment centres - setting up shop for a month at
a time in various communities (Kelowna, Prince George, Victoria,
Nanaimo, Kamloops, North Vancouver, Coquitlam and Abbotsford),
buttressed by an intense publicity blitz exhorting people to stop
by, fill out a questionnaire, be measured for height, weight, blood
pressure, body fat and grip strength, and provide a sample of their
blood and urine.
The idea, unique to BC Generations, was "wildly successful,"
Dr. Spinelli says, and was later emulated by its sister project
in Alberta.
"BC Generations certainly developed an innovative approach to
recruiting at the community level," says Jacques Magnan, the
Senior Scientific Lead for the Canadian Partnership forTomorrow.
"It makes so much sense. You're asking people to volunteer their
time, information about their lives, provide blood or urine, and you
can't expect someone in Prince George to come to Vancouver to
do that."
Supplemented by people who signed up online or responded
to mass mailings, BC Generations recruited 30,000 volunteers
by 2012, with more than half of them - 16,000 - already having
been measured and given their blood and urine at one ofthe
assessment centres.
Dr. Spinelli and his team are now working on getting measurements
and samples from the other 14,000 volunteers, who registered
online or by responding to mass mailings.The BC Generations
team is urging them to visit their nearest LifeLabs to be assessed.
"Eighty per cent ofthe people we've contacted have given us
samples, which is unheard-of in cohort studies," Dr. Spinelli says.
"I think it's something about B.C. We have quite a motivated group
of participants. We have people coming to us asking, 'Why haven't
you contacted me? I thought you were going to do more! I'm ready
to do whatever it takes!"'
Crucially, participants consent to provide access to their medical
records, not just prior to joining but going forward. That is the key to
this project, because scientists will be able to look for clues in the
nformation or samples they provided - their occupations, where
they lived, how much they exercised, and of course, their genetic
makeup - to see which ones are predictors of their later health.
"You have to give people time to develop chronic diseases,"
Dr. Spinelli says. "But in five to 10 years, these data and samples
will be an invaluable resource to researchers in British Columbia,
across Canada and around the world." L - R: Emergency medicine residents Margaret Zhang and Jess Paul at Royal Columbian Hospital in New Westminster; internal medicine resident
Andrew Kwasnica at Royal Jubilee Hospital in Victoria, photo credits: dan i el presn ell, lyle staffford/victoria times colonist
As a child, Jess Paul spent many hours at BC Children's Hospital,
watching intently from the bedside as doctors and nurses
cared for her brother. Amid the busy hospital wards and the
unfortunate circumstances of family illness, the Abbotsford
native began to imagine her future.
That future was realized in July, when she set out through the
labyrinthine halls of Royal Columbian Hospital in New Westminster,
on her way to see her first patient.
She was embarking on the next stage of her training as a resident
in emergency medicine. But Dr. Paul was also helping to usher in a
new stage of UBC's distributed education program.
Several new community-based residency programs opened their
doors this year. Besides the two emergency medicine residents
in Fraser Health (with two more added each year, for a total of 10
by 2018), residents in emergency medicine and internal medicine
began their training in Victoria, which will lead to a total of 18 by
2018. The expansion will continue next year, with two emergency
medicine residencies beginning in Kelowna.
Though residents in emergency medicine and internal medicine
have been doing rotations in hospitals across the province, the
launch of these new programs mark the first time their entire
training will be spent in a community outside of Vancouver.
Such postgraduate programs are central to the Faculty of
Medicine's drive to increase the number of doctors in training,
and to place those trainees in communities where doctors are
needed most.
"We feel it is important for our postgraduate residents to be
exposed to the unique aspects of various communities across
B.C.," says Roger Wong, Associate Dean of Postgraduate Medical
Education. "We also feel that when doctors are trained in those
communities there is an increased likelihood that they will choose
to remain in those communities thereafter."
"There's a great need for more emergency physicians, but we don't
have enough room at Vancouver General Hospital to give them all
An Abbotsford native finds
herself training in a hospital
closer to home; a long-time
Vancouver Islander gets to stay
in his hometown.
ofthe learning experiences they need," says Caroline Tyson, the
director of Fraser Health's Emergency Medicine residency program.
"Distributing that learning across sites is a way of dealing with
the physical space constraints. Using the template that has been
developed and proven effective atthe core sites ensures that we
will maintain those high standards in other locations. And, atthe
same time, patients in Fraser Health have access to more doctors."
The residency programs also allow newly-minted M.D.'s
to pursue their post-graduate training closer to their roots.
Andrew Kwasnica, who grew up in Victoria and graduated from
the Island Medical Program in June, is remaining in the capital for
the next stage of his training, as an internal medicine resident at
RoyalJubilee Hospital.
Dr. Kwasnica was drawn to working in a smaller hospital, thinking
it will be easier to foster meaningful connections with mentors or
fellow trainees. But he also can't imagine leaving Victoria.
"I have family here, and my wife's family is from here," he says. "We
have a child on the way, so it's important for us to put down our
roots here. That's why I wanted to stay here so badly. I'd be happy to
never have to leave again."
Back at Royal Columbian in New Westminster, Dr. Paul is similarly
gratified to be working so close to her hometown.
"When I go back to Abbotsford, and family and friends are talking
about different things... they can picture where I am and where I'm
working," she says. "That's kind of special, to have that connection." L-R: Shafique Pirani at a planning meeting with Bangladeshi health officials; children in a Dhaka slum, photo credit: lynn stah el
Upon hearing how Shafique Pirani aims to eradicate clubfoot in
Bangladesh, it's tempting to assume he is a bit deluded bythe
myth of the all-powerful doctor.
And then you listen to him - speaking softly and melodically in
gentle cadences punctuated by a nurturing, warm smile - and
skepticism quickly morphs into hope.
And then you look at what he has already done, and hope
becomes belief.
A Clinical Professor in the Department of Orthopaedics who
practices at Royal Columbian Hospital in New Westminster,
Dr. Pirani has spent the past decade spreading the word about
a non-surgical method of curing clubfoot, a condition in which
a child is born with one or both feet turned inward and downward.
Left untreated, clubfoot is a lifelong disability.
The method, invented bythe late Ignacio Ponseti ofthe University
of Iowa, involves gently manipulating a baby's foot, placing a
cast on it, and then repeating the process over several weeks, so
that the mainly cartilaginous bones are molded into the correct
position. Night braces help maintain that position until the bones
harden into place.
With funding from the Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA), he and Richard Mathias, a Professor in the
School of Population and Public Health, worked with Uganda's
Makerere University and Ministry of Health to create a network of
40 clinics throughout the country, staffed by "orthopaedic officers"
who can provide the Ponseti treatment. Over the course ofthe
grant, 3,227 children were treated, and the clinics remain open to
treat thousands more.
Having laid the foundation in Uganda, Dr. Pirani and Dr. Mathias
have set their sights on Bangladesh, one of a handful of countries
where high-level leaders are eager to incorporate the Ponseti
method into their health care system. As is the case in Uganda and
other developing countries, clubfoot in Bangladesh is far more of a
burden - for individuals, family members and society - than it is in
a country like Canada, because the main mode of transportation is
walking, and farming and manual labour are the main occupations.
"The link between clubfoot and poverty is unmistakable, made
visible bythe fact that many of the beggars in Bangladesh have
the condition," Dr. Pirani says.
Shafique Pirani examines a child with clubfoot during a "train the trainer"
session in Bangladesh, photo credit: lynn stahel
So Canada's Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and
Development (the successor to CIDA), doubled down on Dr. Pirani,
awarding him $4.3 million to establish Sustainable Clubfoot Care
in Bangladesh (SCCB). L - R: Children with foot deformities wait with their mothers to be assessed at a training session; Dr. Pirani demonstrates the Ponseti technique to
Bangladeshi orthopaedic physicians, photo credit: lynn stahel
Clubfoot in Bangladesh is far more of a burden
- for individuals, family members and society -
than it is in a country like Canada.
The Bangladesh project is markedly different from the one in
Uganda, where specially-trained paramedical workers were
trained to perform most parts ofthe Ponseti procedure. In
Bangladesh, only orthopaedic physicians are allowed to do it.
But the country's Ministry of Health is also committed to training
thousands of health care workers - other physicians, nurses, and
village- or neighborhood-based health outreach workers - to
recognize the condition, explain to parents how it can be treated,
refer them to the appropriate clinic, and then follow up to ensure
the child wears a nighttime brace for four years after the casting
to prevent relapse.
Dr. Pirani and his team are using a train-the-trainer model,
starting with the instruction of 50 orthopaedic "master trainers,"
who will take their new knowledge and skills to train fellow
orthopaedic surgeons, orthopaedic residents, paramedical
nstitute instructors and nursing school instructors. While the
orthopedic physicians will provide treatment, the instructors will
orientate paramedical students and nursing students so they can
identify and refer patients. The same orientation will also take
place with medical students, and for non-orthopaedic physicians
through professional societies.
The master trainers also will work with BRAC, a humanitarian
organization based in Bangladesh (and the largest nongovernmental organization in the world), to orientate 50,000
outreach workers - known as "Shasthya Shebikas" and "Shasthya
Kormis" - to identify children with clubfoot, refer them for
treatment and follow up.
Dr. Pirani got a glimpse ofthe power of BRAC's network of SSs
and SKs during a trip to Dhaka, the Bangladeshi capital, in June.
To conduct a training session for the future master trainers,
Dr. Pirani needed to quickly find some young patients to treat.
"Our main point of contact in BRAC made a call, and from there
it went down the pyramid," Dr. Pirani recalls. "Forty-eight hours
later, we had 100 children come to the clinic, and 29 of them had
clubfoot.They knew who in a slum of 1.3 million people had a foot
problem, and got them on a bus."
At the training session, Dr. Pirani shared some of his own hard-won
nsights into the Ponseti treatment, including the effectiveness of
keeping the child on the mother's lap - and even letting the child
breastfeed - during the manipulation and casting.
"This is an alien concept to orthopaedics, where the vast majority
of procedures are done in the operating room," Dr. Pirani says. "And
it's even more so in a Muslim society, where public breastfeeding is
not as common. But you have to make sure the child is relaxed."
More lessons are bound to follow - Dr. Pirani and Dr. Mathias are
not only looking to effect change, but to conduct research that can
be applied elsewhere. Some ofthe questions he wants to answer:
What are the risk factors for not continuing the bracing? How can
diagnosis and referral be better integrated into primary care? What
is the minimum duration of treatment for a successful outcome?
And how can outcomes be better quantified?
"Once we show how feasible this approach is, and how much of
an impact such a coordinated response can have, I expect more
countries will want to adopt it as well," Dr. Pirani says. "And then,
we will be well on our way to hastening the demise of clubfoot, and
the poverty and social isolation that comes with it." abnormal
1 H	
1                                                          1
1      K*Sg»J          B
normal    1
|                                                                             normal    1
1                                                                            normal
The list of must-have items for parents of newborns has
remained pretty much the same for decades: sleepwear, blanket,
car seat, and of course, diapers and wipes.
B.C. parents are now starting to have one more item included in
that list: an easy-reference card for examining the colour of their
newborn's stool.
While parents may not welcome the reminder of how many diaper-
changings await them, the card - spearheaded by Clinical Professor
of Pediatrics Rick Schreiber - may very well alert them to a rare,
life-threatening condition that can only be corrected with surgery.
The condition, biliary atresia, is a blockage ofthe bile duct, the
main draining pipe for eliminating bile and other toxic substances
from the liver. Left untreated, it leads to liver failure within the first
two years of life.
Most children with biliary atresia now survive. A liver transplant is
the last-ditch option, but carries all ofthe complications and risks
that any transplant procedure entails, compounded bythe age of
the patient. A safer and less costly procedure is a surgical bypass
that re-establishes flow from the liver to the bowel.
Known as a Kasai portoenterostomy (named for the Japanese
surgeon who invented it), the procedure became widely available
in the 1 980s. But its effectiveness depends on when it's done.
If performed in the first two months of life, it has a 60 per cent to
80 per cent chance of success; after three months, that success
rate drops to 20 per cent.
So detecting the condition quickly is the key to avoiding
a transplant. And that is a challenge.
There is no blood test for biliary atresia. Jaundice (a yellow tinge to
the skin and eyes) is a symptom, but it's often dismissed by parents
- and doctors - because most cases of jaundice are temporary
and clear up on their own. Moreover, most Canadian babies don't
have their first check-up until they are two months old.
"We - not just in Canada, but everywhere - were having too many
late referrals," Dr. Schreiber says. "It's a rare disease, so most
doctors don't see a single case in their whole careers. It's like
looking for a yellow needle in a yellow haystack."
That is where poop comes in. UBC MEDICINE    15
Rick Schreiber. photo credit: brian kladko
Biliary atresia causes a baby's stool to be pale-coloured or
chalk-white rather than the normal golden yellow or dark green.
And a baby's parents are the ones most likely to notice the
abnormal colour.
Dr. Schreiber, the Director ofthe B.C. Pediatric Liver Transplant
Program, borrowed the idea of a colour card from Taiwan, which
pioneered it a decade ago; as a result, the country managed
to detect nearly all cases of biliary atresia before 90 days. The
card contains photos of abnormal and normal infant feces and
directions to check the colour of their baby's stool everyday.
Dr. Schreiber teamed up with fellow pediatric specialists, family
medicine researchers and health economists at academic medica
centres across Canada, and obtained funding from the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research to conduct a pilot of the colour card
in B.C. (in Vancouver and Prince George) and Quebec. They tested
various tactics in tandem with the cards - reminder cards mailed
to parents, phone call reminders, letters to newborns' family
doctors, phone calls to those doctors.
The most cost-effective strategy, they found,
was simply providing the card to parents when
the baby was discharged from hospital. Based
on their calculations, a B.C.-wide program
would save $5 million over a decade, and spare
about 1 5 to 20 children and their families the
risk, pain and anxiety of a liver transplant
during that period.
After reviewing the results ofthe pilot study,
Perinatal Services BC (an agency of the
Provincial Health Services Authority) and
its Oversight Council decided to make the
cards a part of every newborn d ischarge
"This initiative is a great example of how
we're leading health care innovation in
British Columbia," says Kim Williams,
Provincial Executive Director of Perinatal
Services BC. "Even something as simple
and low-tech as the stool colour cards can make a significant
difference in the outcomes of newborns.This at-home screening
es BC
__   Wool
program i
A portion ofthe stool colour card that
is now being distributed to parents of
newborns across B.C.
"We... were having too many late
referrals. It's a rare disease, so
most doctors don't see a single
case in their whole careers. It's
like looking for a yellow needle in
a yellow haystack."
— Rick Schreiber
program will reduce the need for liver transplantation and improve
the overall survival of these tiny patients."
The card includes directions to contact Perinatal Services BC for
follow-up if their newborn's stool colour looks abnormal. (More
information is available at http://bit.ly/biliary_atresia.)
Distribution ofthe cards to maternity hospitals
began this summer, with the entire province
expected to be covered in the next year - the
first province in Canada, and one of the only
jurisdictions in the world, to do so.The cards
also will be distributed to midwives, who will give
I the cards to their clients after delivery at clinics or
I   the parents'homes.
I "Once we get things going here, we'll look at rolling
[ it out in Quebec, and then, we hope, the rest ofthe
I country," Dr. Schreiber says.
He and his colleagues have also established a biliary
atresia national registry to track every Canadian child
who has the condition;the disease is so rare that
provincial statistics are inadequate.
"So we'll be able to measure the effectiveness of a
colour card in one province, compared to a province
that doesn't have one," he says. "We might also be
able to detect if some provinces have better outcomes for the Kasai
procedure than others, and then try to pinpoint the reasons."
01 | A disturbing health
portrait of single-room
occupancy tenants
Living in a single-room
occupancy hotel (SRO) is clearly
better than being homeless.
But it's still a life plagued by
disease, drugs and death.
In one ofthe first studies to
comprehensively document
the health of people living in
SROs in Vancouver's Downtown
Eastside, UBC researchers
found they suffered from an
average of three illnesses at
the same time, and had a death
rate nearly five times greater
than the general population's.
Led by William Honer,
Head ofthe Department of
Psychiatry, the study conducted
psychiatric assessments,
neurological evaluations, brain
scans and blood tests with 293
single-room occupancy hotel
tenants who participated in the
study over an average of two
years. Other findings:
> 95 per cent were addicted
to drugs, with almost two-
thirds of them users of
njected drugs.
> Nearly half suffered from
psychosis, and nearly half
had a neurological disorder.
> 1 8 per cent were HIV-positive
and 70 per cent had been
exposed to Hepatitis C.
SROs, due to their low rents,
are a common alternative to
homelessness for low-income
ndividuals; in Vancouver, they
provide shelter for about 3,000
people. Many but not all SROs
are sub-standard in terms of
health and safety, design, and,
when income is taken into
account, even affordability
"Housing is not health," Dr.
Honer told the Vancouver
Sun. "We need to go beyond
just putting a roof over
people's heads."
02 | Could cancer cells be
starved into submission?
Cancer cells, because they
grow and divide much more
rapidly than normal cells, have
William Honer.
tremendous appetites. And that
might be a key to their undoing.
Poul Sorensen, a Professor in
the Department of Pathology
and Laboratory Medicine,
used cell cultures, worm and
mouse models, and studies
of human brain tumours
to show that the activation
of a protein called eEF2K
allows cancer cells to survive
severe nutrient starvation.
His investigation, in
collaboration with researchers
atthe University of Toronto,
McGill University and in the
U.K., U.S. and Germany, was
based on a simple question:
How do tumour cells and
healthy cells respond to the
challenge of caloric scarcity?
"We were surprised that only
certain rare tumour cells could
survive such deprivation," says
Dr. Sorensen, a Senior Scientist
at the BC Cancer Agency. "We
then set out to find the reason.
It's because they had somehow
learned to activate eEF2K."
When he and postdoctoral
fellow Gabriel Leprivier put
mice expressing low levels of
eEF2Kon a low-calorie diet,
large portions of their tumours
began to rapidly wither. In
contrast, the tumours in mice
with high levels of eEF2K were
"virtually bullet-proof" in the
face of caloric
Dr. Sorensen
The study -
in the
journal Cell - suggests that
aggressive cancer cells might
be especially dependent on
this enzyme to sustain their
relentless proliferation. On the
other hand, normal cells, with
their moderate caloric needs,
can survive without it.
That points to the possibility
of targeting eEF2K. Most
cancer treatments, including
radiation and chemotherapy
are indiscriminate, killing
both cancerous and healthy
cells. But a drugthat inhibits
production of eEF2K might kill
aggressive cancer cells and
leave normal cells unharmed.
Dr. Sorensen and his
colleagues, using technology
at UBC and BCCA, are
now searching libraries of
compounds in search of a drug
- either existing, or perhaps
yet-to-be-developed - that
does just that. 03 | Two doses of HPV vaccine
can be as protective as three
UBC researchers have found
that girls who received
two doses ofthe human
papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine
had as good an immune
response to HPV-1 6 and HPV-
18 infection as young women
who received three doses.
HPV infections cause nearly all
cases of cervical cancer, which
is the second-most commonly
diagnosed cancer in women
worldwide.The study, published
in JAMA, lends more plausibility
to adopting reduced-dose
schedules for the vaccine,
which would lower barriers to
global implementation.
The study included 830
Canadian females from 2007
to 2011.The resulting data are
the first to show the durability
ofthe immune response of
young adolescent girls over
a three-year period.
Nevertheless, more data on
the duration of protection
are needed before reduced-
dose schedules can be
recommended, says lead
co-investigator Simon
Dobson.a Clinical Associate
Professor in the Department
of Pediatrics and Clinical
Investigator at the Child &
Family Research Institute.
"Reducing the number of
doses affects vaccine and
administration costs as well as
potentially improving uptake
rates," the authors wrote.
"There is a balance to be found
between the incremental
value of an additional dose
on population effectiveness
and the opportunity costs of
using the resources required
for the extra dose in other
public health programs.This
is especially the case for HPV
vaccines at their present cost."
04 | "Eye soccer" reveals
possible cause for
schizophrenia symptoms
The eye movements of
schizophrenia patients playing
a simple video game provide an
ntriguing explanation for some
of their symptoms, including
difficulty with everyday tasks.
In an experiment conducted by
Miriam Spering, an Assistant
Professor of Ophthalmology
and Visual
were asked
to predict the
trajectory of a
small dot that
appeared briefly on a monitor
as it moved toward a vertical
line. As an infrared-equipped
video camera tracked their eye
movements, participants would
call out whether it would hit or
miss the line.
The schizophrenia patients
performed significantly
worse than a control group in
predicting hits and misses, and
they were also not as good at
tracking the dot with their eyes.
But the impairment of their
eye movements alone was not
severe enough to explain the
difference in their predictive
performance, according to the
results published in the Journal
of Neuroscience. So there was
some kind of breakdown in
their ability to interpret what
they saw.
The patients were having
trouble generating or
using an "efference copy" -
a signal sent from the eye
movement system in the brain
ndicating how much, and
in what direction, their eyes
have moved.The efference
copy helps validate visual
nformation from the eyes.
"An impaired ability to generate
or interpret efference copies
means the brain cannot correct
an incomplete perception," says
Dr. Spering, who conducted the
dot-tracking experiments as
a postdoctoral fellow at New
York University, and is now
conducting similar studies at
UBC. That would explain why
schizophrenia patients often
have poor motion perception
and eye movements, leading
them to bump into people
while walking or making it
a challenge to cross a street.
"But just as a person might,
through practice, improve their
ability to predict the trajectory
of a movingdot, a person
might be able to improve their
ability to generate or use that
efference copy," Dr. Spering says.
"My vision would be a mobile
device that patients could use
to practice that skill, so they
could more easily do common
tasks that involve motion
perception, such as walking
along a crowded sidewalk." Alex MacKay Founding Director of the UBC MRI Research Centre (and frequent occupant of the machine), photo credit: don erhardt
The Canadian Olympic swim team has been inside it. Compulsive
gamblers have been inside it. Mostly, however, patients have
been inside it - people with a range of afflictions, including
Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and multiple sclerosis.
The "it" is a hulking, humming, clanking machine in the basement
of UBC Hospital - a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging scanner,
or MRI, that is the centrepiece ofthe UBC MRI Research Centre.
This year, the centre marks its 1 Oth year, and it's busier than ever,
with the scanner booked for a wide range of research projects
- especially those focused on the brain, because it captures
mages of that organ's soft tissue in far finer detail than X-rays or
computed tomography, and does so with greater ease and safety
than positron emitted tomography (PET).
The machine is so sought-after because it's not your ordinary MRI.
A 3-Tesla scanner is twice as strong as clinical MRIs, producing
a magnetic field 60,000 times stronger than Earth's magnetic field.
When used with contrast agents, the images can contain over
100,000 shades of grey. It is one of only two in B.C.; the other was
nstalled last year at BC Children's Hospital.
But even as researchers exploit the machine for their own projects,
the MRI Research Centre also has found ways to tease even more
revealing data from the technology.
"MRI scanners are relatively open hardware platforms, similar to
smartphones," says Alex Rauscher, a physicist at the centre and
an Assistant Professor in the Department of Radiology. 'Just as
a smartphone comes alive due to its apps, so does the MR
scanner. We are able to play with the physics and mathematics
behind these things and understand whattissue changes do to
the MRI signal."
If such a technique is proven to be successful, it becomes part
ofthe portfolio of scans included bythe manufacturer in their
newer machines.
Dr. Rauscher, for example, has developed a sensitive method of
improving image resolution by increasing the ratio of "signal"
(useful information) to "noise" (background or irrelevant
nformation).The signal-to-noise ratio is so high that it yields
more than just stunningly clear images; it also provides precise
numbers that delineate the structure of tissue, such as lesions too
small to be visually discerned, and the concentrations of various
"You can be a chemist, measuring the outcomes of reactions,"
says Alex MacKay, the founding Director ofthe MRI Research
Centre, and a Professor in the Department of Radiology and
the Department of Physics and Astronomy. "But to do that, you
have to understand the physical properties ofthe molecules
you're measuring. And you have to understand the signal when
the hydrogen atoms in your body are 'flipped' bythe scanner's
magnetic field. So you also have to be a physicist - or at least
have one at your side." (Three ofthe centre's faculty members
are physicists, including Dr. MacKay and Dr. Rauscher.) UBC MEDICINE    19
L-R and below: Some ofthe brain images captured by the UBC MRI Research Centre's 3-Tesla machine
One ofthe most fruitful targets for the MRI Research Centre has
been myelin, the electrical insulation layer surrounding neurons.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) results from a breakdown of myelin -
when it wears away, the brain's electrical signaling slows down.
Dr. MacKay has developed a way of capturing images of myelin in
living humans, by homing in on the water inside it.Thattechnique
has helped make MRI a valuable tool for understanding MS's
progression. Refinements of the technique are enabling MS
researchers, such as Tony Traboulsee, an Associate Professor of
Neurology and Medical Director of the UBC Hospital MS Clinic,
to determine if potential therapies can slow down de-myelination,
or stimulate re-myelination.
The centre was created with a grant from the Canada Foundation
for Innovation, which funded the 2003 purchase ofthe 3Tscanner
- at the time, an almost experimental machine, made by Philips,
the Dutch multinational electronics and engineering company.
The centre later acquired another, even stronger MRI, a 7T, but
it is much smaller, used mostly for scanning animal models of
various diseases.
The centre's 3T machine has become one ofthe busiest research
magnets in the country, and has been used for 226 projects
and counting.The technology has been particularly useful for
researchers studying brain activity.
"When we think, we use oxygen, and that causes a change in the
magnetic resonance signal in the area ofthe brain that we're
using," Dr. MacKay says. "So you can use the MRI scanner to make
a map ofthe brain and see what areas ofthe brain are used for
certain tasks."
Mart/'n McKeown, a Professor in the Division of Neurology
has used that capability to examine the brains of people with
Parkinson's disease, which results from the loss of a crucial
biochemical neurotransmitter, dopamine. Dr. McKeown has used
the MRI machine to learn how the brain copes with that loss, such
as recruiting more brain regions or altering the neural pathways to
complete tasks. He is also using MRI to assess novel treatments
for Parkinson's disease, such as electrical stimulation ofthe brain.
Since MRI became widely available in the 1990s, PET has emerged
as an even more sensitive imaging technique, and one that is
particularly useful in measuring physiological activity through the
use of tracers. But PET, like X-rays, produces ionizing radiation (it
knocks electrons from atoms), which damages DNA. MRI, on the
other hand, doesn't displace electrons, so the same person can be
scanned repeatedly - even daily.
Dr. MacKay, for instance.
"I've logged hundreds of hours in the scanner, and there are no
issues," he says. "I used to be scanned once a week, often testing
the machine for things I've developed. I always wanted to be the
first one to be tested."
For that reason, Dr. MacKay is one of MRI's most vocal boosters.
But like any technology, obsolescence is always an issue.
The centre's scanner lacks some ofthe innovations developed over
the past 10 years, such as more homogenous radiofrequency fields
and higher signal-to-noise ratios for even more precise images,
and more open designs that are more comfortable for patients. And
in three years, Philips will no longer be able to guarantee repairs.
So the centre is hoping
to secure a newer
3T machine, with an
estimated cost of between
$4 million to $5 million.
If the centre secures that
funding, perhaps through
private philanthropy, it
would be housed in the
Djavad Mowfaghian Centre for Brain Health.The machine would
be located in a neuroimaging suite that also includes a PET
scanner and other machines particularly suited for brain scans.
"Having a state-of-the-art scanner within a few metres of
complementary technologies would allow us to extract even
greater value from magnetic resonance technology," Dr. MacKay
says. "We have gone so far in the past 10 years.That combination
of hardware, software and expertise would open up so many more
avenues for discovery." 20     UBC MEDICINE
^     '
Norberto Bunagan assists a patient at the St.John Hospice, now open on UBC's campus, photo credits: martin dee, Brian kladko
St. John Hospice opened in September on UBC's Vancouver
campus, providing 14 bedrooms for individuals nearingthe end
of their lives - as well as a place to educate students about
palliative care, and to find ways to improve care for others.
The facility, which provides communal living and dining space,
a family room, a garden courtyard and a quiet room for residents
and their families, is the only free-standing academic hospice in
Canada. The Faculty of Medicine has research and educational
space in the lower floor of the two-storey building, located across
from the UBC Botanical Garden.
Hospice staff, in conjunction with the Faculty of Medicine, will use
the most up-to-date evidence from current research to implement
best practices at St. John. In turn, new insights from research
conducted atthe hospice will be disseminated to health care
providers around the province, helping to improve the quality of
many British Columbians'final days.
The hospice also will help teach future health professionals about
the special needs of those in palliative care.
"Palliative care is still in its infancy in Canada. It's still regarded
with trepidation by many medical students and experienced
physicians, and there is so much we have yet to learn," said
Grady Meneilly, Professor and Head ofthe Department of
Medicine, who spoke atthe hospice's opening ceremony. "We hope
St. John Hospice will show future health care professionals that
end-of-life care can be some ofthe most poignant, meaningful
work they will ever have a chance to do."
The Order of St. John Palliative Care Foundation raised
approximately $5.4 million for the project, supplemented by
$1 million from the B.C. government. Vancouver Coastal Health
is providing $1.6 million in annual operational funding to support
on-site care delivered by Providence Health Care.
UBC donated the land and supported the planning process,
with two people - Stephen Owen, the former Vice President for
External, Legal and Community Relations, and David Hardwick
the Special Advisor to the Dean for Space Planning and Utilization
- playing key roles in moving the project forward.
Within two weeks of its opening, all ofthe hospice's patient rooms
were filled.
> In 2009, Canada had about 1.3 million people over 80 years old.
In 2036, it is projected to have 3.3 million.
> In a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine,
patients with terminal lung cancer who began receiving
palliative care upon diagnosis were happier, more mobile and
in less pain as they neared death, and also lived three
months longer.
> The number of palliative care physicians in Canada
(full- or part-time): over 200.
> Of Canadians who die, 16 per cent to 30 percent have access to
or receive hospice palliative and end-of-life care.
> The Economist ranked Canada ninth in a "Quality of Death"
Source: Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association Scenes from "Faces of Palliative Care": Clinical Professor Romayne Gallagher counsels a palliative care patient at Vancouver's Marion Hospice; Hal Siden,
Medical Director at Canuck Place Children's Hospice and ClinicalAssociate Professor of Pediatrics, examines an infant with a life-threatening brain tumour.
Palliative care brings to mind hopelessness and helplessness,
and is often viewed with suspicion and fear by the general public
- and even by some health care practitioners.
Patricia Boston, determined to dispel
that image, wound up reaching a far larger
audience than she ever imagined.
A Clinical Professor in the Department
of Family Practice and the former
Director ofthe Division of Palliative Care,
Dr. Boston decided that video would best
convey how thoroughly end-of-life care
has been transformed by new drugs and a collaborative, interprofessional approach.
"Most palliative care teaching does not speak to the heart,
and doesn't fully convey the interaction between providers and
patients," Dr. Boston says.
With a $123,526 grant from UBC's Teaching and Learning
Enhancement Fund, she began collaborating with Doug Nicolle,
the Senior Media Producer for Providence Health Care, who
became her co-producer and director.Together, they began
looking for stories that would convey how much palliative care
has evolved.
They found willing patients and families, including a woman
diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, and an 8-month-old with a
brain tumour.They captured the activities of palliative care teams
at Vancouver General Hospital, Richmond Hospital, the Richmond
Hospice and the Canuck Place Children's Hospice.
"We wanted actual portrayals of people's experience to convey
human truths that complement and perhaps even go beyond
what we might read in a book," Dr. Boston says. "We wanted to
show the range of care, from hospitals to hospices to patients'
homes. And we wanted to emphasize the importance of
symptom management."
When "Faces of Palliative Care" was shown two years later to
students, health providers and some members ofthe public, initial
reviews were glowing, with many evaluations recommending
that the film get wider exposure. Encouraged by that reception,
Dr. Boston and Nicolle took the film to the CBC.
The broadcaster's reaction:Thumbs-up.
But transforming "Faces of Palliative Care" from an instructional
video into a mainstream television documentary - complete with
commercial breaks - required months of editing by Nicolle and
the CBC.
"We wanted to show the range of
care, from hospitals to hospices
to patients' homes."
— Patricia Boston
The finished product had its television premiere in June, as part
ofthe "Absolutely Vancouver" summer series of documentaries in
British Columbia. It was re-broadcast twice in early September,
also in B.C. The network plans to air the documentary nationally in
the coming months.
"This will expose so many more people to the principles of
palliative care," Dr. Boston says. "Medical education, rightly, is
usually small-scale. At its largest, the audience is limited bythe
size of a lecture hall. I never imagined being able to reach so many
people, and doing so in such a meaningful way." ENHANCING EXCELLENCE
H Developing new, more robust treatments for advanced
(metastatic) prostate cancer that far surpass the efficacies of
contemporary hormonal therapies.
J]To engage UBC's Okanagan campus and the Kelowna
community in efforts to decrease health disparities and improve the
well-being of marginalized and diverse populations in B.C.'s Interior.
AGE: 61 POSITION: Professor, Department of Urologic
Sciences; Senior Research Scientist, Vancouver
Prostate Centre
AGE: 63 POSITION: Associate Professor, Division of
Endocrinology, Department of Medicine and Director
of Student Research, Southern Medical Program
EDOCATION: Bachelor of Science,
University of Pittsburgh; Ph.D,
Committee on Virology, University of
Chicago; post-doctoral fellow (Urology
and Biochemistry), Roche Institute of
Molecular Biology, New Jersey, and
Columbia University.
Pathology and Urology, Columbia
University; Senior Scientist, Ordway
Research Institute, Albany, N.Y. and
Adjunct Professor, Division of Urology,
Albany Medical College.
DISTINCTIONS: Member of editorial
boards of Frontiers of Medicine,
Journal of Urology, Prostate, Journal of
Cellular Biochemistry and Urological
Research;CapCure Foundation Award;
Edwin R. Beer Award for Distinguished
Research, New York Academy of
Medicine; past President, Society of
Basic Urological Research; member
of Education Committee, American
Urological Association.
DIDYOD KNOW? Asci-fi fanatic,
imagine myself as Riddick in
a hostile future world.
"Metastatic prostate cancer patients are typically treated with
hormones that deplete testosterone or inactivate the cancer cell's
testosterone-response protein. While these approaches acutely
reduce symptomatic complications and increase survival, they
remain palliative, as patients almost inevitably develop a more
aggressive tumour that continues to advance. Moreover, hormone-
treated prostate cancer patients suffer a considerable reduction
in quality of life, since testosterone supports male physical
vitality and a sense of well-being. More than 30 years of research
has now led me to understand that hormone therapies can also
change the developmental state of prostate cancer cells, allowing
their regression to a more "stem-like" cancer cell. This reverse-
developmental process confers a plasticity that allows them to
re-differentiate, becoming less dependent on testosterone and
thus more resistant to hormonal treatments. My intent is to target
sternness-driven plasticity as a means of keeping the prostate
cancer patient in a therapy-responsive state, and to even overcome
the need for hormone therapies for this often-lethal disease."
EDOCATION: Bachelor's degree,
master's degree and Ph.D
(Biochemistry and Experimental
Surgery), McGill University; postdoctoral fellowship (oncology
research), Mayo Clinic, Minnesota;
MD and residency(endocnnologyand
metabolism), University of Calgary.
Professor, Departments of Medicine
and Community Health Sciences,
University of Calgary; Medical Director,
Vascular Risk Reduction Clinic and
Hypertension Cholesterol Centre,
Alberta Health Services.
DISTINCTIONS: Associate Dean's
Letter of Excellence for Small Group
Teaching, University of Calgary;
multiple Gold Star Letters for teaching
from University of Calgary Medical
School Students Association;
George Fodor Award for Prevention
and Control of Hypertension in
Canada; Stroke Services Distinction
Award from Accreditation Canada;
Co-Chair, Calgary Cardiovascular
Network; Chair, Alberta Hypertension
Initiative and Calgary Rotary Flames
Centre of Excellence in Hypertension;
mplemented nationwide community-
based project to reduce cardiovascular
disease risk in Canadian South Asians.
DIDYOD KNOW? My health obsession
has become a running joke among
friends, colleagues and patients,
because I end up attending most
meetings in my biking or running
clothes, and usually carry a bucket
of veggies for sustenance.
"I've seen the excitement and energy in the eyes of seniors who
were trained to take blood pressure on other seniors. I've seen
Australian Aboriginal communities devastated after researchers
wrapped up their randomized controlled trials and went home,
leaving inhabitants suddenly bereft of resources and support.
I've seen students' fear and aversion to the elderly dissipate
through the experience of working and learning with them. These
experiences inspired me to learn from, and work with, community
members to improve their well-being. As Director of SMP student
research, I can combine my passion for working alongside
communities while engaging students and faculty in learning
and research. We are mobilizing inter-professional Wellness
Action Teams for Community Health (WATCH-BC teams), made up
of students and faculty members, to link curricular needs with
community-identified public health needs." V
j]To help create a happy, healthy, and fulfilled Division of
Emergency Medicine that provides the best emergency care of children
anywhere in Canada.
AGE: 43 POSITION: Associate Professor, Department of
Pediatrics; Head, Division of Emergency Medicine,
Department of Pediatrics, BC Children's Hospital
EDOCATION: Bachelor's degree,
Princeton University; M.D., Harvard
Medical School; pediatrics residency,
University of Washington, Seattle;
pediatric emergency medicine
fellowship, Children's Hospital Los
Angeles, University of Southern
California; master's in health services
research, University of California Los
Angeles, School of Public Health.
Professor, Fellowship Director and
Assistant Section Chief, Pediatric
Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health &
Science University.
DISTINCTIONS: Developed and
received accreditation for first and
only pediatric emergency medicine
fellowship in Oregon; Chair, Pre-
Hospital Education Committee for
Oregon Emergency Medical Services
for Children; helped establish Pacific
Northwest Pediatric Emergency
Medicine Consortium; member,
Scientific Review Committee, Pediatric
Academic Societies; section editor,
pediatric section, Tintmalli's Emergency
Medicine;A Comprehensive Study
Guide; New England Pediatric Society
Pnze;Joseph B. BilderbackTeaching
DIDYOD KNOW? Myretirement plan
is to return to school for a Master of
Fine Arts to indulge my love of poetry
and photography.
"I moved from the U.S. to Canada to practise within a more just and
equitable health care system, and because ofthe amazing faculty
members I had come to know through professional meetings. I am
excited by the unique opportunity to provide outstanding local care
to children, as well as help to elevate the care of children province-
wide. I look forward to learning from those around me - colleagues,
mentors, nurses, staff and trainees - and helping to create
an environment of camaraderie, enthusiasm, inquiry and sharing
of knowledge."
NEWLY   "'
Community-Based Prevention: Reducing
the Risk of Cancer and Chronic Disease
Authors: David McLean, Professor,
Department of Dermatology and Skin
Science; Hans Krueger, Adjunct Professor,
School of Population and Public Health;
Sonia Lamont, Provincial Director, BC
Cancer Prevention Programs.
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
As communities, governments, and health organizations
worldwide struggle to avoid being swamped by health care
costs, not to mention the impact of suffering and poor quality
of life, the only long-term, sustainable hope must be prevention.
The authors review representative experiences with community-
based prevention educators, focusing on the coordination
that can be accomplished in local communities or broader
regions. They find that skilled staff, high-quality evaluation,
and sustained investment are the fundamental elements of
successful community-based prevention programs.
Orbital Surgery: A Conceptual Approach
Authors: Jack Rootman, Professor,
Department of Ophthalmology and
Visual Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
This new edition provides the reader with a clear description of
the factors to consider when deciding on the proper approach to
lesions anywhere in and surrounding the orbit, the bony socket
that houses the eye. It offers a philosophy of approach to the
surgical management of diseases of the orbit, and it takes
a decision-making approach to approaching orbital lesions.
The Malalignment Syndrome: Diagnosing
and treating a common cause of acute
and chronic pelvic, leg and back pain,
2nd Edition
Authors: Wolf Schamberger, Clinical
Associate Professor, Division of
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
Department of Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
Now in its second edition, this book provides a detailed
description ofthe Malalignment Syndrome and how it can be
identified and treated. It concentrates on the trunk, pelvis,
spine, sacroiliac joint and legs, incorporating anatomy,
biomechanics, stability issues, possible causes, examination
and diagnostic techniques as well as a comprehensive
treatment approach. Emphasis is also placed on the
participation of the patient/athlete in the day-to day
treatment process to achieve long-term results. L - R: Railroad entrepreneur Willard
Kitchen, surrounded by colleagues;
Judith Jardine, his granddaughter.
Fewer UBC medical students will struggle financially and more
UBC medical researchers will be able to pursue cutting-edge
ideas, thanks to a $7.4 million bequest - the largest estate gift
to the Faculty of Medicine in its 63-year history, and the largest
unrestricted donation to the Faculty for students or research.
Judith Jardine, who died in 2006 atthe age of 81, was the sole heir
to the wealth ofthe Kitchen/Jardine families of Vancouver. Through
her will, she left part of her estate to the Faculty of Medicine.
"We are extremely grateful to Ms. Jardine for supporting medical
education and research at UBC," says Gavin Stuart, Dean of
the Faculty of Medicine and UBC's Vice Provost, Health. "Her
generosity will make an indelible difference in the lives of
British Columbians through the training of future doctors and
advancement of life-saving research."
The funds received bythe Faculty will establish the Willard
Kitchen Memorial Fund, named for Jardine's maternal grandfather,
who amassed his fortune building railways in New Brunswick.
After moving with his family to Vancouver, Kitchen became a director
ofthe Pacific Great Eastern Railway, which later became BC Rail.
Although Ms. Jardine had no obvious connection to UBC's medical
school, she was a triple alumnus ofthe university, earning a B.A.
and M.A. in French, and a Bachelor of Library Science.
The discretionary nature ofthe gift is particularly useful for the
Faculty's research agenda, because it can support the kind of
cutting-edge investigations that are often deemed too risky for
funding agencies.
A portion ofthe bequest will be used to support research in the
Faculty of Medicine's three priority areas - neuroscience and
mental health, heart and lung, and cancer.
Jean Templeton Hugill.
Jean Templeton Hugill always cut a
distinctive figure, not only for her bright
lipstick, colourful wardrobe and love of
cocker spaniels, but for her occupation -
an anesthesiologist in 1950s Vancouver,
a time and place when the field was
overwhelmingly male.
As one ofthe first female anesthesiologists
in western Canada, Dr. Hugill earned a
reputation for taking on difficult cases, becoming a key figure in
developing obstetrical anesthesiology in British Columbia.
"To be a leader in anesthesia as a woman in those times was
very tough," says Bernard MacLeod, Associate Professor inthe
Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics,
who trained under Dr. Hugill. "She wanted to do basic research,
but never had the opportunity."
After a career devoted to improving anesthesiology from the bedside,
Dr. Hugill was determined to support the research of others. Upon
her death in 201 2, Dr. Hugill left a $562,500 bequest to the Faculty
of Medicine, adding to the $500,000 gift she made in 1991 that was
matched bythe province to establish an endowed chair.
Dr. MacLeod, the current Dr. Jean Templeton Hugill Chair in
Anaesthesia, and his predecessor, Ernest Puil, contributed to
several research findings that have had a direct impact on patients
undergoing anesthesia. Dr. Puil collaborated with engineers to
develop a method of monitoring the depth of anesthesia, which is
now in clinical use in France. Dr. MacLeod is helping to develop the
pain-relieving properties of a novel amino acid found in meteorites
from Mars.
A donor himself, Dr. MacLeod lowered his stipend and makes
annual donations so the Hugill endowments can support more
graduate students.
"Dr. Hugill put forth a mission to the Department to draw
together anesthesiologists, pharmacologists and engineers
to do translational research, which they did and still do," says
Roanne Preston, the Head ofthe Department. "Through her
philanthropy, Dr. Hugill is ensuring that her vision for progress
in the field continues."
In more ways than one:Today, nearly half of UBC's anesthesiology
residents are women.
7b support anesthesiology research, please contact Laura Ralph
at 604.827.4728. L - R: The Faculty of Medicine's first
faculty member, Sydney Friedman;
mining executives Randy Smallwood
and ChuckJeannes.
The Faculty of Medicine has earned an international reputation
over the past decade by extending its medical education program
to all corners of British Columbia. Now its first faculty member,
Sydney Friedman, has created a scholarship to broaden the
school's reach beyond provincial lines.
"As connected as UBC has become, there is always room to learn
more from other parts of Canada and the world," Dr. Friedman says.
"I, along with my late wife and fellow medical educator, Constance,
always thought graduates should get some outside influence -
it's a big world out there. And maybe they don't come back. It
doesn't matter, because they are bringing UBC's name outward.
So she would have been pleased to know we are helping to make
UBC better connected, and more recognized in the world of
academic medicine."
The Constance Livingstone-Friedman and Sydney Friedman
Foundation has pledged $100,000 per year for five years for two to
four health sciences graduate students and medical residents to
travel outside western Canada to work with international leaders
in their field. As trainees learn new approaches and theories, they
will simultaneously extend UBC's influence and reputation around
the world.
"I subscribe to Science and Nature and I see references to UBC, so
we're recognized," says Dr. Friedman, who helped build the Faculty
as Head ofthe Department of Anatomy from 1 950 to 1981. "I'd like
to see UBC become an even greater international school, and the
Friedman Scholars will help lead the way."
"This is the most exciting program for graduate and post-graduate
learners I've seen yet," says Peter Leung, Associate Dean, Graduate
and Postdoctoral Education, who is overseeing the adjudication
process. "We're seeing incredible levels of interest from students
and residents, with a remarkable breadth of projects."
The first Friedman Scholars will begin their placements in 2014.
"Dr. Friedman continues to show tremendous vision for the future
of our medical school," says Gavin Stuart, Dean ofthe Faculty
of Medicine and UBC's Vice Provost, Health. "The Friedman
Scholars program will support our most outstanding scholars as
they pursue well-rounded training in an increasingly globalized
medical landscape."
7b support students, please contact the Development Office
at 604.822.5664.
Glancing out their office windows near Burrard and Dunsmuir
streets in downtown Vancouver, mining executives Chuck
Jeannes and Randy Smallwood are keenly aware ofthe problems
a few blocks away in the Downtown Eastside - homelessness,
hepatitis and HIV, mental illness and drug addiction.
To help address these problems, their companies - Goldcorp Inc.
and Silver Wheaton Corp. - are investing in research to test new
treatment options for chronic heroin addiction.
The companies are lead donors to the InnerChange Foundation,
which partnered with the Faculty of Medicine and provided
$998,077 for the Study to Assess Longer Term Opioid Medication
Effectiveness (SALOME) led by Michael Krausz, the
UBC-Providence Health Care BC Leadership Chair in Addiction
Research, and Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Assistant Professor in
the School of Population and Public Health.
"Our company's investments in addiction and mental illness reflect
our vision to create a legacy of positive, lasting contributions in
the communities where we do business," says Jeannes, President
and Chief Executive Officer of Goldcorp and board member of
the InnerChange Foundation, a community organization helping
people suffering from mental health challenges and addiction.
The only clinical trial of its kind in North America, SALOME is
testing whether the licensed pain medication hydromorphone
(known by its commercial name, Dilaudid) can be used to wean
long-term street heroin users from their dependency on illicit
drugs, and increase the chances that they will enroll in treatment
programs. Methadone, the most widely used drug to treat heroin
addiction, does not work for some severely addicted people.
"We are committed to supporting our community's most vulnerable
citizens," says Smallwood, President and Chief Executive Officer
of Silver Wheaton. "The SALOME trial provides hope for a better
future to those struggling with addiction, and we are extremely
pleased to have the capacity to help, and honoured to have
the opportunity."
7b support mental health and addictions research, please contact
Fatima Hassam at 604.822.8079. L- R: Andrew Krahn, Head of the Division of Cardiology;Yu Tian Wang, Professor of Neurology.
When the Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health opens
at the end of this year, one of its many features will be a Stroke
Clinical Trials Unit, where researchers from the Faculty of
Medicine will be able to rapidly translate scientific discoveries
into better care for people who have suffered a stroke, or who are
at risk for one.
The unit - long sought after by UBC stroke scientists - became
a reality thanks to the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada,
which donated $500,000 to the project.
That gift continued a 60-year tradition of support from the Heart
and Stroke Foundation - a tradition the Foundation extended
when it committed to providing $35 million to UBC over the
next decade.
The Foundation's funding commitment - the largest single gift
ever made to the Faculty of Medicine - is part of a $300 million
national commitment to 19 institutions and hospitals across
Canada that were selected for the Foundation's newly-formed
Research Leadership Circle.
"This new long-term research funding program gives UBC the
stability to plan their research programs like never before, the
ability to attract more ofthe world's best researchers to Canada,
and will foster greater collaboration among researchers," says
Diego Marchese, Chief Executive Officer, BC & Yukon for the Heart
and Stroke Foundation. "It will accelerate progress to our goal of
reducing Canadians' rate of death from heart disease and stroke
by 25 per cent by 2020."
UBC was chosen for the Research Leadership Circle based on
its long history of ground-breaking achievements made with the
Foundation's support. Since 1957, the Foundation and its donors
have given more than $100 million to UBC for research.
The Foundation's support was instrumental in the recruitment
of two world-renowned researchers to the Faculty of Medicine -
Yu Tian Wang, a Professor in the Division of Neurology who has
advanced the understanding of brain injuries following stroke,
and Andrew Krahn, the Head ofthe Division of Cardiology and
an expert in cardiac arrhythmias.
"A lot of times researchers have to take a short-sighted approach
because we need to deliver outcomes quickly," says Dr. Krahn,
the Sauder Family and Heart and Stroke Foundation Chair in
Cardiology. "To think long-term and tackle high-risk projects,
researchers need to know their viability does not depend on short-
term results."
Other Faculty researchers, including Lara Boyd, Tim Murphy,
William Jia, Brian MacVicar, Philip Teal and Karen Humphries,
have also benefitted from Foundation support over the years.
"My goal is to develop a continuous stream of innovative strategies
for stroke prevention and rehabilitation that can quickly be
ntegrated into clinical care, with particularly emphasis on the
cognitive impairment that results as a consequence of stroke,"
says Oscar Benavente, Professor of Neurology and Research
Director ofthe Cerebrovascular Health Program of Vancouver
Coastal Health. "The Foundation's long-term investment will make
it much easier to ramp up a comprehensive research program
focused on stroke prevention and recovery."
7b support heart and stroke research, please contact
Stephanie Huehn at 604.218.0275.
BOARD 2012-2013
Jack Burak, MD 76
Bob Cheyne, MD 77
Marshall Dahl, MD'86
Harvey Lui, MD'86
Island Medical Representative
Ian Courtice, MD'84
Northern Medical Representative
Donald MacRitchie, MD'70
Southern Medical Representative
Tom Kinahan, MD'84
Michael Golbey, MD '80
Newsletter Editor
Beverley Tamboline, MD'60
Admissions Selection Committee
Mark Schonfeld, MD'72
Admissions Policy Committee
Marshall Dahl, MD'86
Bruce Fleming, MD'78
Ron Warneboldt, MD'75
Nick Carr, MD'83
Jim Cupples, MD'81
David W.Jones, MD'70
Arun Garg, MD'77
David Hardwick, MD'57
Charles Slonecker, DDS, PhD
Ex-Officio Members
Dean, Faculty of Medicine
Dr. Gavin Stuart (Hon.]
MUS Representative
Gurinder Grewal, MD '16
Alumni Relations Director
Anne Campbell-Stone
Alumni Relations Officer
Kira Peterson
To support the Faculty of Medicine and its
programs directly and through advocacy
with the public and government;
To ensure open communication among
alumni and between the alumni and the
Faculty of Medicine;
To encourage and support medical
students and residents and their activities;
To organize and foster academic and social
activities for the alumni.
The Medical Alumni News is published
semi-annually and this edition was
produced bythe UBC Faculty of Medicine.
We welcome your suggestions, ideas and
opinions. Please send comments, articles
and letters to:
Beverley Tamboline, MD '60
Alumni Affairs Faculty of Medicine
2750 Heather Street
Vancouver, BCV5Z3M 2
Ph: 604875 4111 ext. 67741
Fax: 604 875 5778
"The MAA Golf Tournament for
Alumni and Friends atthe UBC
Golf Course in June was another
resounding success with 112
participating golfers enjoying
an afternoon and evening of
relaxation, camaraderie and fun."
The UBC Medical Alumni
Association (MAA) can
celebrate many successes
in the past year, thanks
to the tireless efforts and
commitment ofthe Board
members, staff and many
volunteers to ensure that
we maintain and continue
to build a dynamic and
connected UBC Medicine
Our AGM and Awards
presentations occurred in
May. The MAA honoured
Dr. Victor McPherson from the
first UBC Medicine graduating
class of 1954 with the Wallace
Wilson Leadership Award.
Dr. McPherson, a general
surgeon, served in the
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF)
and rose to the prestigious
position of Major General,
Surgeon General, CAF in 1980.
The MAA also welcomed two
distinguished members of the
UBC Faculty of Medicine
community as Honorary
Medical Alumni. Dr. Shafique
Pirani was recognized for
his work as a pediatric
orthopedic surgeon and
for his humanitarian work
in developing nonsurgical
treatments for clubfoot
deformities. Dr. Aubrey
Tingle, a pediatrician and
immunologist, was honoured
for his numerous health
research activities in BC and for
his leadership in building the
Research Institute for Children's
and Women's Health in BC.
The MAA Golf Tournament
for Alumni and Friends at
the UBC Golf Course in
June was another resounding
success with 112 participating
golfers enjoying an afternoon
and evening of relaxation,
camaraderie and fun. Medical
alumni and guests re-established
friendships and acquaintances
with colleagues, and most
importantly, helped the MAA
with its major fund-raising
event of the year. The proceeds
from this event are targeted to
supporting the activities of our
current medical students, not
only in Vancouver at the
William A. Webber Medical
Student and Alumni Centre,
but as importantly through the
creation of similar centers at our
three other distributed medical
program sites in BC.
The MAA is both celebrating
and expressing gratitude for the
efforts of Dean Gavin Stuart,
Dr. Oscar Casiro, Dr. David
Hardwick, our past President
Dr. Marshall Dahl, and our
Victoria Board representative,
Dr. Ian Courtice, in assisting
with securing dedicated medical
student and alumni space in the Coronation Annex at Royal
Jubilee Hospital in Victoria.
The MAA also acknowledges
the support ofthe Vancouver
Island Health Authority in
assisting us with providing
video-conferencing capabilities
and additional furniture for
this MAA priority project.
The MAA is in its early
planning stages of creating
similar medical student and
alumni spaces at the Prince
George and Kelowna medical
school hospital campuses. The
MAA recognizes with gratitude
the financial contributions
of many of our alumni to
ensure that we give back to
UBC's Faculty of Medicine
and inspire our future
doctors by demonstrating our
commitment to support them
in the early stages of their lifelong medical journeys.
In keeping with the same
theme, the MAA continues the
UBC tradition of recognizing,
celebrating and honouring our
UBC medical student graduates
at each spring's Hooding
Ceremony by presenting each
graduate with a cedar shingle.
This tradition began in 1954.
We welcome each new graduate
into the MAA as a full and
respected member of our
wonderful profession.
Finally, as you read my report,
the MAA will have presented
its inaugural CME event in
early October, in Vancouver.
This learning opportunity
focused on cutting edge
research, featuring and spotlighting many of our UBC
medical graduates involved
in ground-breaking research
and clinical activities in their
fields. "Tuum Est: Leading
Edge Medicine" was presented
to stimulate an educational and
intellectual discussion in the
areas of Dementia and Stroke,
and featured some of our world
class alumni from the classes
of'63, 78, '85 and'96 in
addition to several other
experts affiliated with UBC.
The MAA's goal is to hold
an annual half-day high-
quality CME event to bring
together alumni and students
in an interactive learning
environment with its program
recognized for CME study
credits by the College of Family
Physicians of Canada and the
Royal College of Physicians
and Surgeons of Canada.
As I reflect back on the many
activities of the MAA during
the past year, the words
"celebrate" and "gratitude"
spring to my mind. We
celebrate our many outstanding
alumni and friends and
acknowledge the key role a
vibrant UBC MAA plays in
supporting the UBC's medical
school. The MAA encourages
and inspires our medical
students to continue the
Faculty of Medicine's traditions
of excellence as physician
leaders of medical care for our
patients and as compassionate
and committed health care
professionals for our diverse
communities throughout BC.
Our medical students regularly
express their gratitude to their
senior colleagues as educators,
mentors and friends.
As physicians, we are so
proud to be part of these
great traditions which foster
the spirit of our medical
community. Daily, we give
back to our communities and
patients. We show gratitude
for the privilege we hold
as respected health care
professionals, coordinating and
delivering the highest quality
health care services to them.
Let's continue to acknowledge
and celebrate the important
work we do as physicians, by
joining and supporting the
UBC MAA. Collectively we
can show that we care about
not only our patients and our
communities where we practice,
but also our students and
practicing colleagues. The MAA
exists for our entire medical
Best wishes,
Jack Burak, MD 76
UBC Medical Alumni Association
"As physicians, we are
so proud to be part of
these great traditions
which foster the spirit of
our medical community
Daily, we give back to
our communities and
?■?■.: 'nr
L - R; J. Burak, MD'76; M McPherson,
MD'54; and A. Boggie, MD'54.
The Wallace Wilson
Leadership Award is given
in recognition of leadership
in the field of medicine.
Today, we are here to
recognize Victor McPherson,
a classmate and good friend.
Victor spent his professional
career in the special area of
military medicine.
His leadership achievements
started in medical school,
where in first year he was
our class president and won
the Schinbein Scholarship in
anatomy. In second year he
won an award in Pharmacology
and on graduation he won the
Dean's Medal of Proficiency.
Victor joined the Royal
Canadian Army Medical Corps
as a member of their training
program while in medical
school. After graduation he
served in a variety of posts in
his early years, overseas and
in Canada. His abilities were
soon recognized by the Medical
Corps, and he accepted their
offer to specialize in his
choice of Surgery at centres
in Edmonton and Toronto.
He got his FRCS in 1963.
After receiving his Fellowship,
he served in a variety of
military surgical units such
as Zweibruchen, West
Germany as Chief of Surgery
for three years, followed by
similar appointments in
Ottawa and Kingston.
All of these appointments were
accompanied by promotions
and noted by his superiors,
who indicated to Victor that
they would like him to become
part ofthe Medical Corps
Administration. In 1976
he became Deputy Surgeon
General and in 1980 he was
appointed Surgeon General.
Following retirement,
Victor worked as a Surgical
Consultant for the Ontario
Ministry of Health for ten years.
Victor's lifetime in medical
school and the Army was not
alone. He and his wife, June
were married before entering
medical school. She and Victor
raised four children and she
provided a comfortable family
environment wherever they
were posted. Their children
have all had successful lives in
their chosen professions. June
passed away a few years ago,
but would certainly be proud
of this event today.
Victor is a thoroughly decent,
unassuming, kind man, who
"rose through the ranks" to the
top leadership position in the
Canadian Medical Corps.
He has represented the medical
school and the University
of British Columbia in an
outstanding way and the Class
of 1954 is very proud of him.
Well done Vic!
The speech presented by
Al Boggie, MD'54 at the
MAA Annual General Meeting
on May 9, 2013.
V. McPherson, MD'54 shows off his award
as he takes his seat at the MAA AGM.
V. McPherson, MD'54 with his daughter in MSAC's
courtyard, photo credit: varun saran photography FACULTY OF MEDIC
fr}\**? O."
L - R; M. DaM, MD'85; Dr. A. Tingle (Hon.);
and J. Burak, MD'76. photo credit:
It is my pleasure to introduce
our newest member ofthe
UBC Medical Alumni:
Professor Emeritus Aubrey
The Honorary Medical Alumni
Award recognizes a member of
the UBC Faculty of Medicine
community who has made a
significant contribution as a
committed clinician, teacher,
mentor or administrator,
thereby advancing the health
and well-being of patients
and society. Dr. Tingle has
remarkable achievements in
all of these fields.
Dr. Tingle did his pre-
medical studies in Zoology
at the University of Alberta.
(I think that this is a field
that made him particularly
skilled for managing university
He obtained his MD at the
U of A and a PhD in
Immunology from McGill
University. He completed
his Pediatric Fellowship in
Montreal and is a Fellow of the
Royal College of Physicians
of Canada, the American
Academy of Pediatrics and of
the Canadian Academy of
Health Sciences.
He came to UBC in 1974 and
has been a Professor in the
departments of Pediatrics and
Pathology as well as Assistant
Dean of Research. He was
President and Chief Executive
Officer of the Michael Smith
Foundation for Health Research
and Associate Director of the
Maternal, Infant, Child and
Youth Research Network.
His active research career
has been in the fields of
immunology of viral infection,
autoimmune disease, immune
deficiency disorders, research
administration, and strategic
He has held numerous visiting
professorships world-wide and
is the recipient of many awards
for service and achievement,
including the Honorary
Doctor of Science Degree
from the University of
Alberta in 2010.
Dr. Tingle was founding chair
of the Coalition for Health
Research in BC, an ad hoc
group of research stakeholders
that was responsible for
planning and obtaining the
provincial funding to establish
the Michael Smith Foundation
for Health Research and a
founding member of the
National Alliance of Provincial
Health Research Organizations
He also played a leadership
role in building the Research
Institute for Children's &
Women's Health at the
Children's & Women's Health
Centre of British Columbia
and was its inaugural Executive
He is currently on the Board
of the Canadian Human
Immunology Network and on
the Board of Alberta Innovates
- Health Solutions. He also
is currently serving on the
Scientific Advisory Committees
of the CH.I.L.D Foundation
and the Snyder Institute
of Infection and Immunity
(in Calgary).
Aubrey Tingle has a
distinguished ongoing career
of clinical excellence and basic
science research that evolved
into a country-wide role in
creating, organizing, managing
and inspiring medical scientists
to work together for academic
and societal excellence
in pediatric health.
We are actually the ones
who are honoured here today
in being joined by such
a distinguished person as
a new member of our
Medical Alumni!
The speech presented by
Marshall Dahl, MD'86 at the
MAA Annual General Meeting
on May 9, 2013.
Dr. A. Tingle (Hon.) giving his
acceptance speech at the MAA AGM.
L - R: B. Masri, MD'88; Dr. S. Pirani
(Hon.);andJ. Burak, MD'76. photo
I first met Dr. Shafique Pirani
when I had just started my
residency at UBC. I always
thought he was a UBC
graduate as he was so in
tune with the UBC program.
But, when I looked into it,
I learned he was a graduate
from Charing Cross Hospital
Medical School in London,
England. After being kicked
Top: Dr. S. Pirani (Hon.) as he shared
his acceptance speech. Bottom:
Dr. S. Pirani (Hon.); S. Masri; and
B. Masri, MD'88 photo credits
out of his native Uganda, he
completed his medical training
in the U.K. and moved to
Vancouver to complete his
orthopedic residency. He then
went on to become a pediatric
orthopedic surgeon and enjoys
working with children.
I would like to introduce my
daughter Sarah (age 13), who is
in the audience today to come
up and continue with a very
brief speech about Dr. Pirani
before we present him with
this award:
"Picture this. You are a new
mother in Uganda, Africa. You
are holding your newborn baby.
What is the first thing you
notice? Not if your baby is a boy
or a girl, but you see his feet.
His feet are crooked.
You wonder what is wrong
with him. You worry; will he
ever be able to walk?
This baby has something called
clubfeet, which is a deformity
that boys have twice as often
as girls. Clubfeet affects bones,
muscles, tendons and blood
vessels. The baby is born with
its feet facing inward and so
deformed that the baby can't
walk on the soles of his feet.
This a life threatening disease
in poor countries where you
have to walk long distances
to get food, water and work.
Imagine having to walk over
three miles with clubfeet just
to get clean water. Your feet are
throbbing with pain. You are
alone, thirsty and hopeless.
Do you remember that baby
with clubfeet? Fast forward
20 years. He is now homeless,
starving and begging on the
street... worse still he could
be dead. What would you do?
Dr. Shafique Pirani decided
to help.
If you think that Dr. Pirani
went to Uganda and performed
surgery, you're absolutely wrong.
He gave Ugandans the gift that
keeps on giving: an education.
It is like the saying, give a
man a fish, feed him for a day
teach a man how to fish, feed
him for life. So Dr. Pirani
taught the doctors and all the
health officers in remote
villages to fix clubfeet safely
and without surgery.
From Uganda, Dr. Pirani
expanded the program to
neighbouring African countries
and further to Bangladesh.
He provided an affordable
tool to treat clubfeet so that
those countries can sustain this
treatment long after he is gone.
For this work, Dr. Pirani
received two Humanitarian
ofthe Year Awards in 2012
from the Pediatric Orthopedic
Society of North America
and the American Academy
of Orthopedic Surgeons.
It is amazing what one person
can do to change the world.
Dr. Pirani did that with just
an idea and a lot of personal
sacrifice. That seed of an
idea has been embraced by
countries all over the world.
Dr. Pirani has inspired me to
do something to change the
world. Every second that you
live is never going to happen
ever again. You can choose
what you want to do with
those seconds.
Dr. Pirani decided to take those
seconds of his life and give it to
somebody else so they can live."
Presented by Bas Masri, MD'88
and Sarah Masri at the MAA
Annual General Meeting
Dr. Reilly has been a member
ofthe Department of
Orthopaedics at UBC since
he started practice in 1995.
He progressed through the
ranks to become an Associate
Professor with tenure. He has
also distinguished himself as a
world renowned pediatric spine
surgeon, and he is recognized as
being a member ofthe Scoliosis
Research Society and the
Pediatric Orthopaedic Society
of North America.
He has also led the Division of
Pediatric Orthopaedics in the
Department of Orthopaedics
for the past six years, having
taken over after Dr. Steve
Tredwell retired. He has
also led the Department of
Orthopaedics at BC Children's
Hospital as Department
Head for the past seven years.
Nomination submitted by
Bas Masri, MD'88
C. Reilly, MD'88.
MAY 9, 2013 . Bentz,MD'61. photo credit: karen tregillas photography   L- R:Dr. M. Lawrence;E. Galloway, MD'10;C. Bachop.
The College of Physicians and
Surgeons of British Columbia
2013 Award of Excellence in
Medical Practice was presented
to Patrick Kinahan, MD'55
and Dr. Michael Myers (Hon.)
at the president's Annual dinner
in Vancouver, May 29, 2013.
A number of Alumni were
honoured at the BCMA
Annual Awards Ceremony
June 1, 2013. Emma Galloway,
MD'10, received the Dr. David
M. Bachop Silver Medal in
General Medical practice and
Bill Cavers, MD77 the
Dr. David M. Bachop Gold
Medal for Distinguished
Medical Service. Mark
Schonfeld, MD72, was the
recipient of the Dr. Don Rix
Award for Physician Leadership.
Brian Winsby, MD'69, was
one of three recipients of the
BCMA Silver Medal of Service.
This award, established in
1986, confers the Association's
highest honour.
CMA Honorary Membership
was accorded to Barrie Bentz,
MD'61 and Dr. Clive Duncan
(Hon). BCMA elected officers
installed for 2013/2014 were Bill
Cavers, MD'77, President Elect,
Trina Larsen Soles, MD'86,
Chair, General Assembly
and Lloyd Oppel, MD'88,
Honorary Secretary Treasurer.
Charles Scudamore, MD'75,
was a recipient of the Order
of British Columbia. The Order
of British Columbia recognizes
accomplishments by British
Columbians who have made a
difference in their communities
and to the province.
Several Alumni received awards
at the Faculty of Medicine
Awards Reception held this fall.
Victor Huckell, MD'69, was
a recipient of a Clinical Faculty
Award for Career Excellence
in Clinical Teaching, Richard
Crawford, MD'87, a recipient
of a Clinical Faculty Award for
Excellence in Clinical Teaching
and Maggie Watt, MD'97
(IMP) a recipient of a Clinical
Faculty Award for Excellence in
Community Practice Teaching.
Afshin Khazei, MD'95,
received the Innovation
in CME/CPD Award, and
Michael Nimmo, MD'95,
was a recipient of a UBC
Killam Teaching Prize.
On December 5, 2012,
Robert Krell, MD'65, was
awarded the Queen Elizabeth
II Diamond Jubilee Medal
in recognition of his efforts
as an outstanding human
rights educator.
Robert Krell, MD'65
He also received an award
in November 2012 from
Lessons and Legacies and
the Holocaust Education
Foundation in Evanston,
Illinois, in recognition of his
distinguished contributions
to Holocaust education.
In October 2011, he was also
awarded the Hillel Lifetime
Achievement Award from
Boston University for bringing
solace and understanding
to generations of Holocaust
Survivors. He is very dedicated.
Dr. C. Duncan (Hon.) (centre) photo credit:
M. Schonfeld, MD'72 (centre) photo credit:
L - R: L. Oppel, MD'88; T. Larsen-Soles, MD'86; W. Cavers, MD'77
with CMA President, photo credit: karen tregillas photography ThankyoutotheUBC
Medical Alumni & Friends
Golf Tournament Sponsors
Presenting Partner
> Scotiabank
Diamond Sponsors
> Clinical Sleep Solutions
> KNV Chartered Accountants
Gold Sponsors
> MD Management
> UBC Alumni Association
Silver Sponsors
> Med Ray
> Harper Grey LLP
Sport Med/Paris Orthotics
> LifeLabs BC
> David Mitchell Co. Ltd.
Bronze Sponsors
> Guidelines and Protocols
Advisory Committee (GPAC)
> Don Docksteader
> DOCUdavit
> Bulmer Investment Group
> RSRS Canada
> KingLasik
> Pollock Clinics
> Mardon Insurance
> Madaisky&Co.
> London Drugs
> Schmunk Gatt Smith
> Morrey Auto Group
> False Creek
Healthcare Centre
UBC Medical Alumni
& Friends Golf Tournament
June 20, 2013
The UBC Medical Alumni
& Friends Golf Tournament
was the most successful
tournament to date, and in
no small measure was due to
the generosity ofthe sponsors
and number of golfers that
The tournament was held at
the University Golf Course
on June 20, 2013. The
scattered rain showers didn't
keep golfers away; instead
they embraced the rain and
took to the course with smiles
on their faces. With many
returning participants and
some new alumni and friend
golfers, the tournament
featured a shot-gun start
which allowed all of the
teams to start and finish their
round of golf together. To
top it off, over $18,000 was
raised for the Medical Alumni
Association which will go to
support student programs.
The afternoon was spent
connecting with friends,
colleagues, former classmates,
and teachers. Between holes
golfers had the opportunity
to catch up with one another
and engage in some friendly
competition banter. The day
went by quickly and was
followed by a delicious dinner
in the clubhouse and prizes
for the winners.
We had 118 players registered
this year and hope that a full
field of 144 alumni and
friends will register for next
year's tournament on June 19,
2014. Registration will open
in early spring, so invite your
colleagues early as
the tournament will fill
up quickly!
Special thanks to Ron
Warneboldt, MD'75,
Bob Cheyne, MD'77,
David Jones, MD'70,
Jim Lane, MD73, Patty
Scrase from Scotiabank,
Anne Campbell-Stone, and
Kira Peterson for organizing
this year's tournament.
The success of this
tournament is due to the
continued support of our
sponsors. Thank you for your
generous sponsorship and
contributions of prizes for
the golfers. The commitment
you show to this tournament
is greatly appreciated
and directly supports the
current and future medical
Recent & Upcoming
Class Reunions
Class of 1956
September 6-7, 2013
Location:Trail, BC
Organizers: Dr. Louie
&Jean Simonetta
Rehab Class of 73 Reunion
September 7, 2013
Vancouver, BC
Organizer: Sally Steeves
Class of 2003
September 21-22, 2013
Vancouver, BC
Organizer: Dr. Jason Kason
Class of 1983
September 27-29, 2013
Victoria, BC
Organizers: Drs. Stan
& Chris Vuksic, Dr. Pat
McAllister, Dr. Kelly Battershill
Dr. Mike Miles, Dr. Beth Watt
Class of 1978
October 4-6, 2013
Vancouver, BC
Organizers: Dr. Liz Fendley,
Dr. Margaret Cottle, Dr. Bruce
Fleming, Dr. Jim Boyle,
& Dr. Tony Wilson
Class of 1988
October 4-6, 2013
Vancouver, BC
Organizers: Dr. Steve
Southerland and
Dr. Chris Symonds
Class of 1954
May 2014
Whistler, BC
Organizers: Dr. Morton
Dodek, Dr.Al Boggie and
Dr. Don Warner
Class of 2004
Summer 2014
Vancouver, BC
Organizer: Dr.Aisha Manji
Class of 1984
September 2014
Victoria, BC
Organizers: Dr. Ian Coutice
Class of 1959
September 12-14,2014
Painters Lodge,
Campbell River, BC
Organizers: Dr. Bob Gordon
&Dr.Stu Madill
For more information on class reunions, please contact the
UBC Faculty of Medicine Alumni Affairs Office at marisa. moody®
ubc.ca or 604-875-4111 x62031.
Upcoming Alumni Events
Victoria Medical
Society Dinner
February 1,2014
Victoria, BC
Vernon Hockey Tournament
March 1-2, 2014
Spring Gala &
Alumni Reception
Please go to http://alumni.med.ubc.ca/events/
for updated event information.
UBC Medical Alumni
Association AGM
UBC Medical Alumni
& Friends Golf Tournament
University Golf Course
2013 Hooding & Graduation
May 21, 2014
The tradition of giving a
'doctor's shingle' to UBC
Medicine graduates started in
1954 with the first graduating
class. This was started by the
students and still exists today.
In 1954, the 3rd year students
organized the shingles and gave
them to the 4th year students at
the Medical Ball in the spring.
That practice went on for many
years but over time the shape
and design changed.
Now the Medical Alumni
Association produces the
shingles for each graduating
class as a gift to each student,
welcoming each one as an
alumnus and a member
ofthe association.
This year Jack Burak, MD'76,
Bob Cheyne, MD'77 and
Mark Schonfeld, MD'72
attended the Hooding
Ceremony on May 21, 2014
as representatives from the
Medical Alumni Association.
After some inspiring words
from Dr. Burak, the three
alumni presented the shingles
to each graduating student as
each walked across the stage.
The hooding ceremony was
followed by the graduation
ceremony on May 22.
Residents in a New Residence
July 15, 2013 - Ottawa, ON
July 17, 2013 - Toronto, ON
Becoming a resident is often
exciting, but can bring along
some stress. Add in a move
across the country and the
whole process can become
a little daunting.
To ease the minds ofthe newest
alumni, the Faculty of Medicine
Alumni Affairs Office planned
"Residents in a New Residence,"
a welcome event in Ottawa
(July 15) and Toronto (July 17).
Ottawa's event was hosted by
Judy Chow, MD'80 and
David Burt, MD'80, while
Toronto's event was hosted
by Ivor Fleming, MD'85
and Lenora Fleming.
This event brought together
new graduates and alumni
currently living in these areas.
It was an evening filled with
great conversation, delicious
food, and refreshing beverages
(on some great patios too!).
It was a pleasure to have many
of Medicine's established alumni
there to meet and greet the
newest alumni, and let them in
on the hidden gems of the city.
If you are interested in hosting a
"Residents in a New Residence"
event in your city next summer
to welcome the MD 2014's
who will be starting their
residencies there, contact
med.alumni@ubc.ca or
Student Orientation 2013
August 26, 2013
The class of 2017 was
welcomed by three alumni
speakers, Gurdev Gill, MD'57,
Larry Burr, MD'64 and
Brianne Budlovsky, MD'12
at the Student Orientation
in late August.
This remarkable panel of
doctors gave insight into the
role of a physician in their
community, the importance
of maintaining balance in
your life and what to expect
in the future. SAC REPORT
A Place for Medical Students
to Call Home
With classes on UBC's
Vancouver campus, at VGH,
and in hospitals across the
Lower Mainland, Vancouver-
based medical students need
a place to call home.
We need somewhere to
congregate, to consolidate,
to celebrate our interests.
We need a place to run into
friends who, in the maelstrom
of medical school, we've
neglected more than we should
have. That place, for many
of us, is the William A.
Webber Medical Student
and Alumni Centre.
Sport is one highlight of
the MSAC. Students take
advantage of the 24 hour
access to the MSAC gym
after a long shift on-call, or
participate in the "Spartacus"
group workouts. The MSAC
downstairs is now home to both
expert and aspiring hip hop,
Bhangra, and break dancers,
not to mention an impressive
array of martial artists.
And speaking of artists,
the MSAC brings out the
Renaissance man or woman
in many medical students!
The creative writing club has
been known to frequent the
darker corners of the Alumni
Room, while guitarists,
violinists, pianists and poets
prepare their acts for the
ever-popular Arts in Medicine
Coffeehouse that takes place
twice a year in Hardwick Hall.
The videoconferencing
capabilities ofthe MSAC mean
that it's not only Vancouver
students who benefit. Speakers'
series from specialty interest
groups such as Surgery and
Family Medicine are well-
attended across all sites, along
with sessions on specific skills
such as advocacy and global
health work.
When I speak with friends
from other medical schools
across Canada, many are
lacking this social nucleus
that makes UBC Medicine
as complete a program as it
is today. We, as students,
would like to thank the
Medical Alumni Association
for your ongoing support
of this living space.
Submitted by
Connor Forbes, UBC Medicine
Class of 2015 (VFMP)
The beginning ofthe
academic year is always an
exciting and busy time for
the Medical Undergraduate
Society (MUS) as we annually
welcome a new class of
keen students to the MD
Undergraduate Program.
This year, we opened our doors
to 288 new aspiring physicians
in the Class of 2017 who will
each be studying at one of four
distributed academic sites across
British Columbia (Kelowna,
Prince George, Vancouver,
and Victoria).
This year also marks the first
time in over three decades that
UBC Medicine is the host
for the Canadian Federation
of Medical Students (CFMS)
Annual General Meeting
(AGM). The AGM took place
in Vancouver from Sept. 20-22,
2013 and brought together
medical student colleagues
from all over Canada to discuss
issues relevant to medical
students. The MUS was proud
to represent UBC at the AGM,
and also to show off our
beautiful city to our colleagues
from across the country.
The MUS, in conjunction
with the BC Medical
Association (BCMA), also
co-hosted the inaugural
BCMA/MUS Meet and Greet
on September 9, 2013 at the
Medical Student and Alumni
Centre (MSAC).
The event was created in
order to help strengthen
the relationship between
the BCMA and the MUS
by allowing the executives
from each group to become
acquainted early in the
academic year. We hope to
continue collaborating with
the BCMA on the Meet and
Greet event annually, and look
forward to working closely
together in the future.
The MUS is committed to
ensuring that UBC medical
students receive an unparalleled
educational experience. This,
of course, is only made possible
by the continual support of our
alumni, UBC faculty and staff,
and our community members.
On behalf of over 1,000
medical students at UBC, the
MUS would like to express our
utmost gratitude to all of the
individuals who contribute to
enhancing our medical school
Gurinder Grewal
Medical Undergraduate Society
MD Candidate, Class of 2016
gsgrewalfcbalumni. ubc. ca Part ofthe MD Graduating
Class of 2013.
Please join us in welcoming our newest graduates as they pursue their residency programs.
On behalf of the UBC Medical Alumni Association, we are proud to welcome you as alumni and colleagues.
& General
Leslie Anderson
of Manitoba
Tyler Hickey
University of
British Columbia
Amy Thommasen
of Calgary
Navraj Singh
University of
British Columbia
Kaitlin Duncan
of Ottawa
University of
British Columbia
Marcio Penner
University of
British Columbia
Kali Romano
University of
British Columbia
/ Anesthesiology
/ Vancouver
/ CMG Stream
Ryan Truant
University of
British Columbia
Kitt Turney
Freda Wong
of Ottawa
Hardy Zietsman
University of
British Columbia
Bahman Sotoodian
of Alberta
Bez Too si
University of
British Columbia
Nicolas Bilbey
University of
British Columbia
William Guest
University of
British Columbia
Trenton Kellock
University of
British Columbia
Teresa Liang
University of
British Columbia
Pedro Lourenco
University of
British Columbia
Andrew Van
der Westhuizen
University of
British Columbia
Kelsey Lnnes
University of
British Columbia
Andrei Karpov
University of
British Columbia
Jessica Paul
University of
British Columbia
Margaret Zhang
University of
British Columbia
Blake Abawi
Travis Allen
University of
British Columbia
Lan Anderson
Universite Laval
Maria Anderson
University of
British Columbia
Azadeh Arjmandi
of Calgary
Rafal Banas
University of
British Columbia
Alma Bencivenga
of Alberta
Tim Bow en-Roberts
University of
British Columbia
Stephen Breen
University of
British Columbia
Megan Burns
Stacy Cabage-
University of
British Columbia
Ringo Chan
of Alberta
Andy Chen
University of
British Columbia
Jonathan Chi
of Alberta
Franklin Clarke
Corinne Coulter
Deborah Curry
Queen's University
Yue Dai
University of
British Columbia
Bogdan Dascalu
of Toronto
Andrew Delany
University of
British Columbia
Rodolfo Dominguez
of Toronto
Emily Dong
of Calgary
Amrita Dosanjh
University of
British Columbia
University of
British Columbia
Dustin Falk
of Alberta
Tyler Falk
University of
British Columbia
Carolyn Fletcher
of Calgary
Jessica Fong
of Ottawa
Beth Gallagher
University of
British Columbia
Pavel Glaze
University of
British Columbia
Elyse Goldberg
of Calgary
Shannon Grant
of Calgary
Stuart Gray
University of
British Columbia
of Calgary
Judith Hammond
University of
British Columbia
Bridget Henderson
University of
British Columbia
Thomas Hong
of Calgary
Robert Horan
University of
Theodore Jankowski
University of
British Columbia
Andrew Jervis
of Calgary
Namrata Jhamb
University of
British Columbia
Lorelei Johnson
University of
British Columbia
Kurt Jordan
Glenn Keyes
University of
British Columbia
Kristen Kokotilo
of Alberta
Elizabeth Kruithof
University of
British Columbia
Nancy Lambert
University of
British Columbia
William Lau
University of
British Columbia
Johnny Lee
University of
British Columbia
Leanna Lee
University of
British Columbia
Nicholas Leinweber
University of
British Columbia
Ryan Leo
of Calgary
Sheng Ping Lin
University of
British Columbia
Kate MacDonald
University of
British Columbia
Jessica Macleod
Heidi Mader
University of
British Columbia
Luvdeep Malhi
University of
British Columbia
Glen Manders
of Calgary
Quinn Mason
Geoffrey McKee
University of
British Columbia
Erika Mehl
Jerusha Millar
University of
British Columbia
University of
British Columbia
Ariane Mundhenk
(nee Williams)
University of
British Columbia
Renee Nason
of Calgary
Kathleen Newmarch
Erin Park
of Ottawa
Andrew Provan
of Calgary
Erin Rawstron
University of
British Columbia
Laura Riley
University of
British Columbia
Rena Romain
University of
British Columbia
Bryden Russell
of Alberta
Christine Sorial
University of
British Columbia
University of
British Columbia
Taylor Swanson
University of
British Columbia
Aileen Tan
University of
Baldeep To or
University of
British Columbia
Everett Versteeg
University of
Anthony Villaruel
University of
British Columbia
Dean Vrecko
of Calgary
Jane Wacker
University of
British Columbia
Kara Warder
(nee Bloomfield)
of Alberta
Esther Warkentin
University of
British Columbia
Ben Wasserman
of Calgary
Katherine Wight
of Calgary
Kathryn Wills
University of
Andrew Wong
University of
British Columbia
Diane Wu
Sarah Yager
University of
British Columbia
Clarice Yang
University of
British Columbia
Yao Nancy Yao
Ying Yao
of Alberta
Donald Yung
of Calgary
Bogardus Zavaglia
of Ottawa
General Surgery
Kristin DeGirolamo
University of
British Columbia
(Anu) Ghuman
University of
British Columbia
Nina He
Queen's University
Nazgol Seyednejad
University of
British Columbia
Krista Marcon
University of
British Columbia
Lda Molavi
University of
Sita Ollek
University of
Saskatchewan I   t■■■■■■
Personalized doctor shingles' - gifts from the
Medical Alumni Association.
Andrew Delany MD'13 celebrating with his parents
outside Queen Elizabeth Theatre.
Angela Babuk
University of
British Columbia
Peter Birks
University of
British Columbia
Jesse Bittman
University of
British Columbia
Brian Buchan
Goldis Chami
University of
British Columbia
Rui Chen
University of
British Columbia
Alvin Cheung
University of
British Columbia
Christopher Cheung
University of
British Columbia
Kiley Cindrich
University of
British Columbia
Nikolas Desilet
of Alberta
Caylib Durand
of Calgary
Margaret Eddy
University of
Blair Fulton
University of
British Columbia
Tristen Gilchrist
University of
British Columbia
Jeff Gong
of Alberta
Loren Gulbranson
of Alberta
Lea Harper
University of
British Columbia
Anna Hayden
University of
British Columbia
Amanda Israel
of Ottawa
Renee Janssen
University of
British Columbia
Omid Kiamanesh
University of
British Columbia
Hyein Kim
Western University
Joseph Kim
University of
Gordon Kirkpatrick
University of
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University of
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Queen's University
Sally Lau
University of
British Columbia
Dan Le
University of
British Columbia
Joseph Leung
University of
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Marion MacKay-
University of
British Columbia
Shawna Mann
University of
British Columbia
Kathryn Milne
University of
British Columbia
Kyle Murphy
University of
Krishna Poinen
of Calgary
Karanvir Sail
University of
British Columbia
Neal Shahidi
University of
British Columbia
Nicole Smith
University of
British Columbia
Elliott (Thomas)
of Alberta
Amir Tashakkor
University of
British Columbia
Alastair Teale
University of
British Columbia
Fergus To
University of
British Columbia
Kateryna Vostretsova
University of
British Columbia
Geoff ey Walton
University of
British Columbia
Alyson Wong
University of
British Columbia
Nicholas Woolnough
Queen's University
Gannon Yu
of Calgary
Marko Yurkovich
University of
British Columbia
Dimas Yusuf
University of
British Columbia
Clark Funnell
University of
British Columbia
Anne Nguyen
University of
British Columbia
Sachiko Takahashi
Western University
Bing Wei Wang
University of
British Columbia
Serge Makarenko
University of
British Columbia
Obstetrics &
Merry Gong
University of
British Columbia
Eda Karacabeyli
University of
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Joni Kooy
of Calgary
Shifana Lalani
of Ottawa
Christa Lepik
University of
British Columbia
Scott McCoach
University of
British Columbia
Emily Sandwith
of Calgary
Natalie Taha
of Alberta
Samantha Wong
University of
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Jennifer Yam
University of
British Columbia
Fiona Young
University of
Ophthalmolo gy
Chai Lin
Jack Chou
of Ottawa
Ruozhou Liu
University of
British Columbia
Michael Ross
McGill University
Lance Crook
of Manitoba
Benjamin Jong
University of
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Darcy Marr
University of
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Scott Westberg
University of
Lan Wilson
University of
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(Alex) Butskiy
University of
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University of
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Breanna Clive
Michael Fazio
University of
British Columbia
Sarah Foster
of Alberta
Sara Jassemi
of Calgary
Gurpreet Khaira
of Calgary
Annika Klopp
of Manitoba
Alison Lee
University of
British Columbia
Rachel Li
University of
British Columbia
Lindsay McRae
of Ottawa
Trisha Patel
University of
British Columbia
Kathryn Potter
of Calgary
Steven Rathgeber
University of
British Columbia
University of
British Columbia
Henry Stringer
University of
British Columbia
Carmen Tait
University of
British Columbia
Tracy Tan
University of
Charmaine Wong
University of
British Columbia
Medicine &
Tara Chan
of Alberta
Kaila Holtz
University of
British Columbia
Plastic Surgery
Leslie Leung
University of
British Columbia
Karen Slater
University of
British Columbia
Ashley Jewett
University of
British Columbia
Kristine Kennedy
University of
British Columbia
Jayson Krawchuk
University of
British Columbia
Kiran Massey
Jody Morita
Gunpreet Singh
University of
British Columbia
Anush Zakaryan
University of
British Columbia
Katie Zhu
Public Health
& Preventative
Medicine (incl.
Family Medicine)
Daniel Heffner
University of
British Columbia
Maryam Dosani
University of
British Columbia
Kim Paulson
of Alberta
Srinivas Raman
Benjamin Bay
University of
British Columbia
Trevor Haines
of Alberta
Stephen Taylor
University of
British Columbia
Nathan Wong
Vascular Surgery
Dennis Jiang
Prince George
UBC Okanagan
Penticton Nelson
Nanaimo Abbot;
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Galiano Island
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# University Academic Campus
JC Clinical Academic Campus
• Affiliated Regional Centre
O Community Education Facility
•   University Academic Campuses
University of British Columbia (UBC) Van couve roam pus
University of British Columbia (UBC) Okanagan campus
University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC) in Prince George
Universityof Victoria (UVic) in Victoria
•   Affiliated Regional Centres
Abbotsford Regional/Chi III wack General Hospitals
Ft. St. John General/Dawson Creek Hospitals
Lions Gate Hospital
Mills Memorial Hospital
Nanaimo Regional General Hospital
Richmond Hospital
Royal Inland Hospital
St. Joseph's General/Campbell River General
/Cowichan District Hospitals
Vernon Jubilee/Penticton Regional Hospitals
W Clinical Academic Campuses
BC Cancer Agency
BC Children's Hospital
BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre
Kelowna General Hospital
RoyalColumbian Hospital
Royal Jubilee Hospital
St. Paul's Hospital
Surrey Memorial Hospital
Vancouver General Hospital
Victoria General Hospital
University Hospital of Northern BC
O Community Education Facilities,
Rural and Remote Distributed Sites
Serving medical students and residents,
student audiologists, speech language pathologists,
occupational therapists, physical therapists
and/or midwives in the community
Faculty of Medicine
The University of British Columbia
317-2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC
Canada V6T1Z3
T: 604822 2421
F: 604822 6061


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