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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Library News Mar 31, 1970

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Volume 3, No. 3 March, 1970 Vancouver, B.C.
This newsletter is published as an information service for UBC faculty, students and other readers outside the
Library.  It contains feature articles and news about developments in the library system which we feel will be of interest or
concern to the larger community.  The News welcomes all comments, criticisms and suggestions for future articles.
During UBC's Open House on March 6 and 7, the Main Library and its branches will welcome thousands of visitors.
On the first two pages of this month's News we offer a brief review of the Library's history and a preview of some of this
year's displays.
•• • PAST ....
1915 - Official opening of the University of British Columbia in "Fairview Shacks" at 10th Avenue and Laurel Street
— Library holdings:  22,000 bound volumes and 7,000 pamphlets
— Average circulation: roughly 10 volumes a day
1916 - John Ridington appointed first University Librarian
1925 — University moves to Point Grey campus
— Official opening of University Library (now the centre portion of the Main Library building)
1948 — North wing of the Main Library opened
1952 - First branch library opened (the Biomedical Branch at Vancouver General Hospital)
I960 — South (Koerner) wing of Main Library opened
1965 - Gift of $3,000,000 from H.R. MacMillan to the Library, exclusively for the purchase of books
. . .   AND PRESENT. .
UBC now has the third largest academic library in Canada.  According to the most recent figures, its holdings are:
Books and periodicals
TOTAL ,2,661,251
Current periodical subscriptions:   12,979
Government documents received, 1968/69:  60,853
Book budget, 1968/69: $988,414
Number of public service divisions in the Main Library:  11
Number of branch libraries:   11
Total number of staff: 387 1      * k jh? >*
Average number of items circulated (ie. borrowed and returned) each day throughout the library system: 11,000
Greatest circulation for any one day:   19,731 (January 5, 1970)
Photocopying statistics:   1,318,055 exposures made by library machines during 1968/69 --"■
Most valuable book held:  Shakespeare First Folio (1623), on display in entrance hall of Main Library during Open House
Oldest printed book held: the Shou Wen, a block-printed Chinese dictionary dating from the 12th century
Oldest book printed by movable type:  Lorenzo Vella.  Elegantiae linguae latine .... 1476.  (On display in Woodward
Biomedical Library.)
I.   Main Library.
Just inside the front door, visitors will find exhibits from the Special Collections Division, Asian Studies, and
the Sedgewick Undergraduate Library.
Two small glass cases mounted on the walls hold rare or historical-maps from Special Collections:  New-France —
(1556); the Western Hemisphere (1587-88); the North Pacific (1752-1780); and the Oregon Territory (1846).   Display
cabinets in the hall illustrate the range of books held in the Special Collections Division.  Included are a Shakespeare
First Folio, dated 1623; Du Creux's Historiae canadensis (1664); material on the Arctic and on early visitors to the northwest coast; and displays of miniature books, illustrated children's books, and early and modern book bindings.
Close by is the Asian Studies display, illustrating almost four thousand years of Chinese printing and calligraphy..
Visitors will be able to follow the development of Chinese writing, printing and binding from the earliest carved inscriptions
down to the invention of paper and movable type.  A highlight of the display will be a 700 year old block-printed book from
the Library's P'u Pan Collection.
Also on exhibit in the entrance hall are a scale model and colour drawing of the projected new Sedgewick Undergraduate Library, which will be built under the Main Mall. Construction is expected to start this summer, and the building
should be completed by the spring of 1972.
The Library's other displays are on upper floors.  One attraction in the Main Concourse is a large three-dimensional
model of the Main Library, a gift of the UBC Alumni.  An alphabetical directory set into its base lists all the main areas of
the building.  When the button beside the name of a room or division is pressed, that area of the model lights up, showing its
location in relation to the Main Concourse.  (Note to faculty and students: this model can always be found near the Information Desk, and is a useful guide to the layout of the building.) Just off the Concourse, the Ridington Room display case
features a photographic history of the Library from its earliest days.
At the top of the stairs in this wing is the Acquisitions Division, where visitors will see the Library's
computerized book ordering system in operation.  Next door, the Cataloguing Division has come up with an ingenious way of
.showing how newly acquired material moves into, through and out of the Division.  Multicoloured cord has been used to
create a three-dimensional flow chart on the ceiling, so that visitors can follow the same route the Library's books take as
they are prepared for the shelves.
A stairway from Cataloguing leads down to the Government Publications Division on stack level 6.  Here a colourful display features the many types and uses of micromaterials.  Special readers will be set up to illustrate the variety of
materials available in microform, and black-and-white prints will be produced on a reader-printer.
The south wing of the Library houses two other exhibits which should not be missed.  Featured in the Map Division
is a large aerial photographic survey of Vancouver and the Fraser Valley, measuring almost nine feet long by five feet wide.
Just across from it is a Special Collections display entitled "A Galaxy of Gifts", which brings together some of the outstanding items given to the Library over the past forty-five years.
II.  Branch Libraries.
Curriculum Laboratoiy.
Old and new textbooks and displays of modern teaching materials show the progress that has been made in school libraries and their resources.  There will be.regular showings of films, filmstrips and slides, all featuring the modern
school library.
Law Library.
;   Books and documents actually used in a B.C. court case illustrate its progress from the first affidavit to the final
judgement in the B.C. Court of Appeal.  (The case: the C.P.R. vs. B.C. Forest Products, invdlving workmen's compensation and the right to sue.)
Music Library.
Some valuable items from the collection of Professor Hugh McLean will be on display for Open House.  Included
■are autograph letters by Puccini, Faure, Elgar and Vaughan Williams, and the title page from the first English edition of
•Haydn's Ariana a Naxos.
Woodward Biomedical Library.
The Woodward Library will not be at its elegant best for Open House, as its Building Expansion Program is at a
most untidy stage.  Despite the turmoil, however, the Department of the History of Medicine and Science has arranged an
interesting group of displays. The diverse interests of the Health Sciences students who set them up is indicated by the
wide variety of topics.  Medical students have produced exhibits on "The Evolution of Knowledge of Cancer" and
"Comrade Dr. Norman Bethune".  Nursing students have featured the "Red Cross" and "Florence Nightingale", and both
include samples of the Library's collection of Nightingale letters.  The dental students have built a graphic display around
the work done by orthodontists.  And finally some of the.Woodward Library's finest and rarest old books will be on show.
!    'Mill
Statistics released by the Gifts and Exchange Division show that the Library received over 1,800 gifts over a
period of just six months, from July to December of 1969.
The new year opened with two most welcome donations. The first, a thirty-volume bound set of Fortune
magazine, came to us from Dr. Lusztig, Head of the Finance Division in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.  It originally belonged to the late Dr. Leslie Wong.
Shortly afterwards, Canon Thomas Bailey of the Anglican Theological College presented the Library with a
valuable 15th century digest of the Bible. It was published somewhere between 1477 and 1480, and was originally
attributed to Saint Boniface. However, it is now believed to have been written by a French priest, Nicolas of Hanapes.
The book, entitled Biblia pauperum, will be on display in the Special Collections "Galaxy of Gifts" showcase during
Open House.
In order to speed up book processing, UBC, Simon Fraser and the University of Victoria have agreed to share the
cataloguing of current imprints (books dated 1968 and after).  Under the old system, the libraries normally received
cataloguing copy from the Library of Congress and used that copy to make up sets of cards for current books.  Under the
new arrangement, the three libraries will wait a maximum of six weeks for the cataloguing copy to arrive.  After that, items
without Library of Congress copy will be rush catalogued, with each library taking responsibility for one-third of the
alphabet.  Copy will then be distributed to the other libraries.  In this way, current imprints should reach the shelves
sooner than they have up till now.
' Because of the high rate of loss from the open-shelf collections in the Social Sciences and Humanities
Reference Divisions, the Library has had to install a turnstile at the entrance to the Ridington Room.  This means that
briefcases and lunches can no longer be taken into the room.  A number of coin-operated steel lockers will be set up outside in the hallway so that books and belongings can be safely stored.
...       .     . ■
Sooner or later almost every student and faculty member at UBC has to search for material in the Main Library's
Subject Catalogue, or search for a book or seat in the stacks.  This month two survey groups will be looking into some of
the problems our users encounter in these areas.  Opinions and suggestions gathered during this time will help the Library
decide where and how improvements can be made.
, Early in March one group will begin interviewing students and faculty using the Subject Catalogue.   Answers will
be recorded on a special form, and later the results will be tabulated by computer.  The survey group hopes to gain a better
understanding of the purposes for which different groups use the Subject Catalogue and the type of arrangement which the
majority of users would find most helpful.
Meanwhile, other members of the library staff will investigate attitudes to stack access and loan privileges.  A
questionnaire will be distributed asking for views on use of UBC's book collections by students at other institutions, and
the results will do much to determine future policy.
Reports on the outcome of the two surveys will appear in later issues of the News.
Faculty members and graduate students doing research abroad may find an all too familiar situation in some of
Britain's best libraries. Chancellor McGavin recently received the following letter from the Secretary of the British Museum:
Dear Sir:
Every year the number of scholars coming to read in the British Museum Library increases while the
amount of space available remains unaltered.  Seven years ago some additional accommodation was provided
for readers by opening the Periodicals Gallery, but this has long been fully taken up.
The Reading Rooms were designed to serve a smaller number of readers using a smaller number of books,
and the increase in the number of those using them is bound to have adverse effects upon the service. It leads
to a shortage of available space, increasing delays in the delivery of books, failure to deliver books because
they have been mislaid, and delays in the personal photocopying service.  The consequent inconvenience
suffered by those working in the Reading Rooms is much.regretted, but there is no sign that it will become less
until there is a major increase in the amount of accommodation available.
Those who do not use the Reading Room throughout the year may not be aware that in the period from
mid-July to the beginning of September there is a considerable increase in the number of readers, and a consequent
worsening of conditions.  For reasons outside their control many scholars must, we know, use the British Museum
Library at this time of the year, but we should be grateful if you would circulate this letter among your academic
staff in case it may be possible for some of those who want to work fyere to arrange their programme so as to avoid
this crowded period.  If, for example, they were to come in the spring and early summer, or in the autumn, they
would find conditions here more comfortable and better for their work.
Yours faithfully,
B.C.P. Bridgewater
, Secretary
j !
The Bodleian is having its problems too, according to an article in the February 7th Guardian Weekly:
Allan Bullock, Vice-chancellor of Oxford University and chairman of the Bodleian curators, spent half
an hour in the corner of the Bodleian Library the other day, waiting for an empty seat.
At one point he was reproved by library staff for whispering to a research assistant, who was also waiting
seatless in what is claimed to be the second best library in Britain. What price "shared facilities" as the answer
to the higher education prayer?
If any of our readers have had similar experiences in other large research libraries, or found ways of avoiding this
problem, we would appreciate hearing from you. SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION:
Rapid developments in the field of science and technology have in recent years led to an enormous increase in the
number of published reports, papers, conference proceedings, journal articles and books.  The effects of this so-called
"publication explosion" have been felt by all scientists and engineers.   Time formerly spent on research now has to be
spent on keeping up with an increasing flood of research-related literature.
Librarians are very much aware of this problem, and have been looking for some means of assisting their clients
in remaining up-to-date. An encouraging development in this search for an efficient "current awareness service" came last
year from the National Science Library in Ottawa.
Since the spring of 1969 the National Science Library has been offering a computerized Selective Dissemination of '
Information (SDI) service on a national scale.  The UBC Library's Science Division, for its part, will serve as "search
editor".  In other words, it will assist subscribers in the preparation of interest profiles, which are fed to a computer in
Ottawa.  There they are compared against magnetic tapes containing bibliographic data regarding papers recently published
•in some 9,000 journals.  This scanning and matching of profiles takes place at regular intervals and results in selective
bibliographies that are sent to subscribers on a weekly or biweekly basis.  This service is available to scientists and
engineers in Canada, and the basic cost for a one-year subscription (for a profile containing up to sixty terms) is $100.
From the subscriber's point of view the most difficult aspect of an SDI service is the development of his interest
profile.  Although this particular system is relatively simple, in that it does not require a pre-established thesaurus,
subscribers must be prepared to spend some time in constructing and maintaining their profiles.  The better the profile, the
more relevant the resulting bibliographies will be.  Experience has shown that the best profiles result from conversations
between the subscriber and a librarian or information scientist who has been trained in the art of profile construction.
A few UBC faculty members are now nearing the end of their first subscription year, and on the whole they seem
satisfied with the results. Readers wishing further information on the SDI program should contact Rein Brongers, Head of
the Library's Science Division (local 3826).
The Crane Library for the Blind has been asked to tape-record three textbooks in mechanical engineering. The
books, required by a blind student for the fall semester, are:
R.W. Fitzgerald.  Strength of Materials.
Zerban and Nye.   Power Plants.  .
R. Henke. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics.
Any faculty member or graduate student who is familiar with the subject and would like to help record these texts
is asked to call the Crane Library (228-2372).  Material can be taped at the library, or the staff will supply tape for readers
who wish to use their own tape recorders.
This advertisement was run earlier in This Week at UBC. with no results.   Please think it over, and call Crane if
you can help.
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
9 a.m. — midnight
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon — midnight
9 a.m. — midnight MAIN LIBRARY*
.   ■
Friday, March 27
Saturday, March 28
Sunday, March 29
■ Monday, March 30
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
9 a.m. — midnight
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon — midnight
.9 a.m. — midnight
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
March 27 - 30
■March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon - 6 p.m.
9 a.m. — midnight
.9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 P»m...
9 a.m. — 10 p.m.
9 a.m. - midnight
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
10 a.m. - 10 p.m.
9 a.m. — midnight
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
March 27 - 30
March 27
March 28
March 29
March 30
8 a.m. — 11 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
8 a.m. — 11 p.m.
8 a.m. - 10 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
8 a.m. - 10 p.m.
Editor:    Mrs. E. de Bruijn
Information & Orientation Division
■ ■■


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