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UBC Publications

UBC Library News Oct 31, 1971

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Volume IV, No. 8
October. 1971
Vancouver, B.C.
This newsletter is published as an information service for UBC faculty, students and other readers outside the Library. It
contains feature articles and news about developments in the library system which we feel will be of interest or concern to the
larger community. The News welcomes all comments, criticisms and suggestions for future articles.
In the first month of the fall term, over 1,000 students — most of them freshmen - were given basic instruction on use of the
Main and Sedgewick Libraries. More than 600 of them came in class groups in response to the Library's program of
subject-related tours. Another 460 will visit the Library during the last two weeks of October.
These subject-oriented class tours take approximately 50 minutes, and are offered at all levels up to and including graduate
studies. The program will run till Christmas, and may be offered next term if the demand continues.
To arrange a tour for first- or second-year classes, please call the Information and Orientation Division at locals 2076 or 2077.
Upper-year and graduate library instruction can be arranged through the appropriate branch or Main Library reference division.
Not all library users know that the Main Library issues a series of reference guides covering a broad range of topics. Many of
these are now on display near the Main Card Catalogue.
A full list of the titles available is given below. Reference copies are held in the Main Library division mentioned after each
1) Reference Guide to Educational Literature (1967)
2) Guide to Reference Materials in Anthropology (1968)
3) Guide to Reference Materials in French Language and Literature (1968)
4) Applied Economics (1969)
5) Library Guide for Commerce Students (1969)
6) Guide to Reference Materials in Geography (1969)"
7) Guide to Reference Materials in German Language and Literature (1969)
8) Brief Guide to Reference Materials in Chemical Engineering (1969)
9) Reference Guide to Reviews: A Checklist of Sources in the Humanities,
Social Sciences and Fine Arts (1970)
10) Guide to Reference Materials in Economics (1970)
11) A Doukhobor Bibliography. Supplement to Part I (1970)
12) A Doukhobor Bibliography. Part II (1970)
13) Brief Guide to Reference Materials in Electrical Engineering (1970)
14) Classical Studies    An Undergraduate's Guide (1970)
15) Brief Guide to Reference Materials on Transportation (1971)
16) Periodicals in Asian Studies (1971)
17) Theses on British Columbia History and R elated Subjects (1971)
Two new titles which deserve special mention are:
— Guide to Reference Materials in Medieval History. Just released. Copies are available
Division and at the Sedgewick reference counter.
- Theses Relating to Planning. A new edition, listing all UBC theses submitted before this
the Fine Arts Division.
Social Sciences
Social Sciences
Social Sciences
Social Sciences
Social Sciences
Social Sciences
Social Sciences, Science, Fine Arts
Asian Studies
Special Collections
for consultation in the Humanities
summer. Reference copies are held in ATTENTION EDUCATION STUDENTS
Near the end of the month the Curriculum Laboratory will be giving out a different type of reference guide. The short
brochure will give education students hints on how and where to locate materials needed fnr nrartir-e tearhino
brochure will give education students hints on how and where to locate materials needed for practice teaching.
Faculty members can help by making sure that students going out on practicums know about this publication.
Having trouble finding journals? From October 25 to November 5 the staff of the Woodward Library will be carrying out a
survey to determine the chief reasons why readers do not always find the journals they require.
Judging from the response to a questionnaire this spring on journal circulation, many people believe - rightly or wrongly -
that the journals they don't find are on loan to other borrowers. The Woodward Library staff, however, have identified at least a
dozen possible reasons why a journal may not be found in its expected place on the shelves. Woodward's Information Desk
handles between 25 and 30 requests a day for assistance in finding journals. In many cases it turns out that the volume in
question is available only in microform, is held at the Biomedical Branch Library at VGH, is in the bindery, and so on. And use
by others in the library (estimated by recent counts to be at least equal to, and probably greater than, formal loans) may
account for a number of cases where journals cannot be found.
One way to make sure of obtaining a needed journal is to place a "hold" on it. The number of "holds" placed during a given
period might thus be expected to serve as a guide to the number of journals which were not found because they were already on
loan. A count during September, however, showed that only 50 "holds" were placed on journals — or less than 3% of the total
number of journals circulated during that month (1,808). Either few people are prepared to wait for journals, or the number of
volumes wanted while in circulation is not as great as had been supposed.
Woodward would like to clear up some of these points, and to put together accurate data on which to base a revised
circulation policy or improved administrative procedures for acquiring and handling journals. Accordingly the library will carry
out a survey between October 25 and November 5. During these two weeks we ask users of Woodward to report all cases where
they do not find the journals they need - whether or not a follow-up is required. The library staff, on their part, will follow
through on each case to find out why the journal was not in its expected place. A time check will also be kept to find out how
much time elapses before a desired journal becomes available to the user.
No survey of this kind can be carried out without inconvenience to library users. We shall be asking you for details (at least
title and date) of the journals in question, and for information on your department and status. In some cases you may have to
wait for a staff member to place check marks on a report form before she can handle your request. We hope, however, that these
inconveniences will be outweighed by the prospect of improved services afterwards.
During the survey period, we make the following requests:
- PLEASE COOPERATE by letting us know each time you fail to find a journal you need. (You'll find report forms
available all around Woodward — or tell the librarian.)
- PLEASE BE PATIENT if we ask you for information, or if there are short delays while we fill in forms.
And "Sorry for the inconvenience!"
Don't stop at books and journals - you may be missing something. More and more often, important publications on current
topics of interest are coming out in microform. The Main Library already holds more than one million titles on microfilm,
microcards or microfiche, and its collection is reaching into new areas.
This summer we began receiving publications on microfiche issued by the U.S. National Technical Information Service. The
Library now has a standing order for all such publications in the following subject areas:
NTIS categories:
53. Area Planning and Development.
A. Housing
B. Land Use and Zoning
C. Public Utilities
D. Recreation and Recreation Facilities
E. Regional Planning and Development
F. Transportation Planning
G. Urban Planning and Development
62. Computers, Control Theory. Information Theory.
A.     Computer Hardware
Computer Software
Control Systems and Control Theory
Information Processing Standards
Information Theory
E. o
68. Environmental Pollution and Control.
A. Air Pollution and Control
B. Noise Pollution and Control
C. Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
D. Water Pollution and Control
69. Industrial and Mechanical Engineering.
J.       Materials Handling
M.      Packaging and Containerization
78. Ocean Science and Engineering.
A. Biological Oceanography
B. Chemical Oceanography
C. Dynamic Oceanography
D. Hydrography
E. Marine Geophysics and Geology
F. Oceanographic Instruments
G. Oceanographic Vessels and Platforms
H. Physical Oceanography
I. Underwater Habitats
J. Underwater Research Vehicles
85. Transportation.
A. Air Transportation
B. Pipeline Transportation
C. Subsurface Transportation
D. Surface Transportation
E. Transportation Safety
These reports are all listed in the biweekly U.S. Government Reports Index, starting with the issue dated July 10, 1971.
All of this material is held in the Government Publications and Microforms Division of the Main Library. Microform readers
and reader-printers are also available here. To find out more about the collection and services, see the stuff at the reference desk
or call the Division at local 2584.
A "must see" for students being introduced to library research is the striking display outside the Ridington Room.
Representative indexes and abstracts in the social sciences have been given a mod montage treatment. The 27 titles shown are
among the many held in Ridington.
Students in Education 390 ("The Library in the School") have taken over all exhibits here until next April. Two display cases
- one in each of the reading areas - and a bulletin board in the Curriculum Lab stacks have been assigned to the class for this
Besides giving students practical experience in setting up effective school displays, the project should remind faculty and
students of the part school media centres can play in education.
This month's displays feature the fur trade, the Cariboo gold rush, and a 10-foot long "library maze" illustrating the many
resources of the modern school library.
Most of Woodward's displays are also being organized by students. From now until mid-November, visitors will have a chance
to see exhibits on topics ranging from acupuncture to epilepsy, and from mesmerism to the mystery surrounding Napoleon's
death. The display area is near the card catalogue, just upstairs from Woodward's basement entrance.
With the help of the Woodward Library, the Pharmacy and Physiology Reading Rooms have organized a series of
bibliographical displays featuring current reports and articles on topics of interest. The Pharmacy displays will all deal with
aspects of clinical pharmacy. The current Physiology exhibit features material on the hormones insulin and glucagon. Medical
historians should find one item especially interesting: the 1922 C.M.A. Journal reprint announcing Dr. Frederick Banting's
discovery of insulin. Photographs and historical material on Banting and Best will also be on view.
A number of faculty members and students have asked about the Library's policy for buying Canadiana. Mr. R.M. Hamilton,
the Assistant Librarian for Collections, offers the following notes.
General Information
The dictates in buying Canadiana are for the purposes of reading, study and research. The enhancement of the Library's
prestige as a research centre by acquiring rarities and collector's items is subsidiary to that function.
Because it is a relatively new library and has not had the same opportunities to acquire materials as the major older libraries in
eastern Canada, UBC has had to acquire much of its Canadiana in reprint form or on microform. Research funds at the Library's
disposal must meet clearly demonstrated needs for academic purposes as expressed by the faculties. The demand for Canadiana
is reasonably proportionate to those of other subject areas.
Records of what is collected are not kept separately ... but are included, for the most part, in the Library's monthly
■ publication Current A cquisitions. Collections:
(a) British Columbia.
Traditionally, the Library has acquired anything published in British Columbia, about British Columbia or by an author
associated with the province. This policy normally excludes anonymous materials of corporate origin or of a technical nature.
It emphasizes works in the Humanities and Social Sciences ....
(b) Pacific Northwest A rea.
Materials relating to the areas around British Columbia have been acquired as conditions permitted. Early voyages, travels,
explorations, and cartography touching on the geographical expanse from the Arctic to the United States and from the
Pacific to the Prairies have been of constant interest. This interest becomes stronger whenever finances become available.
(c) Canada.
Coverage has been far less comprehensive than for the local area. Materials have been purchased as funds permit, and
emphasis has been given to research periodicals, historical newspapers on microfilm (principally produced by the Canadian
Library Association),... French Canadian literature, ... pre-Confederation history, and ... 19th century Canadian
Since the early 1960's emphasis has been placed on comprehensive coverage of printed current monographs in all
languages, so that the emphasis on special aspects has been absorbed by a more general approach.
(d) Other Materials.
.. .Research materials such as manuscripts, prints, photographs and major newspaper files ... are not purchased
intensively, for various reasons. Manuscripts are highly desirable in many cases, but in most cases they are also highly priced.
Prints and photographs have been acquired, but they have not been searched out actively for purchase. Lack of interest on
the part of faculty has played a part here. Also, over the years much reliance has been placed on the policy of the B.C.
Provincial Archives, which stresses collection of these materials. The Archives and the B.C. Provincial Library are rich in local
newspaper files, manuscripts and records, prints, photographs and paintings, particularly for the B.C. area. We like to acquire
all we can get of the above materials, but cost is the main limiting factor.
Retrospective and Out-of-Print Buying Policy
About ten or fifteen years ago it was the stated policy of the Library that it would pick up any item of Canadiana it could
possibly acquire. This is true now only for the buying of current materials and, retrospectively, materials relating to the Pacific
At present there is relatively little retrospective buying in most fields relating to original Canadiana. Prices are now so high,
and book budgets so tight, that retrospective collecting is considerably in default except for the occasional items. No concerted
effort is being made to fill gaps even in some areas where there was consistent buying previously, such as 19th century Canadian
literature and French-Canadian literature. The prospect for retrospective buying is one of continuing inactivity except for the
occasional bargain or windfall.
There may be an increasing reliance on microforms, which are likely to become more available (or pervasive) as needs develop
across Canada. Reprints of rare Canadiana are becoming more cheaply available, and are purchased for open shelf use.
The major expenditures are used for extensive runs of important daily newspapers, such as the Winnipeg Free Press and
There are many gaps in pre-1867 Eastern Canada provincial legislative publications, and as these rarely come on the market,
reliance is placed on the Interlibrary Loan service for borrowing them when required. We wish to remedy this situation.
It is sometimes overlooked that much Canadiana of an earlier day need not be collected intensively by every library. Rarity
may well be a virtue in some of this material. Too often Canadiana is collected just because of its country of origin. Except in
the area of historical studies, much of it is actually of little value for academic research. Unfortunately, relatively few faculty
members are active in recommending titles they feel would be of real value. As a result, the library must accept all responsibility
for the material purchased in many areas. Original Canadiana is being added as far as our limited budget will allow.
Current Collecting Policy
Current collecting is virtually Canada-wide. Blanket purchases of current publications have been made since the 1950's. The
cumulative effect should result in a solid collection in all pertinent subject areas. The weak areas are in modern personal and
author manuscripts, large metropolitan daily newspapers, and local periodicals (outside B.C.).
Our French-Canadian blanket coverage goes back to the early 1950's, and our all-Canada blanket coverage in languages other
than French goes back to the late 1950's. The French-Canadian coverage unfortunately has been proven faulty on occasion. (We
have recently contracted with another supplier for French-Canadian books.)
Like other libraries we accept gifts of all kinds, and some good Canadiana has been acquired fortuitously. We have in mind
important papers and records, such as those of B.C. Hydro, collections of historical B.C. photographs, and personal papers and
records of ethnic groups, such as the Japanese in B.C.
All federal government publications in English have been received for many years. The Library is also a depository for British
\J o
Columbia provincial government publications. Other current provincial publications are well represented, but we do not have the
resources to acquire complete collections of the other nine provinces.
The Special Collections Division recently acquired a collection of materials relating to the Vancouver branch of the Industrial
Workers of the World. The collection, donated by Mr. J.B. McAndrew of Vancouver, consists of three boxes of books and
pamphlets from the old I.W.W. Library on Hastings Street. Included are a number of I.W.W. minute books and scrapbooks
relating to the activities and interests of the movement for the period 1935-36.
The same high prices that keep libraries from buying as heavily as they would like in the rare book field are now attracting
investors. A new British company, Antiquarian Securities, has been formed specifically to buy antiquarian businesses "on the
grounds that they provide a good home for hard cash in these inflationary times". [Antiquarian Bookman, September 27, 1971,
p. 887.] The firm of Bernard Quaritch, well known to most collectors, has already been taken over.
All UBC library users - freshmen included - have loan privileges from a mammoth research collection most of them have
never heard of. It's the Center for Research Libraries, a North American association with over 60 members and a collection of
nearly three million volumes.
As a member of CRL, the UBC Library can borrow any material owned by the Center for research use by readers here on
campus. There is no charge for this service. (Since the materials are intended for personal research only, they may not be put on
reserve for class use.) Items may be kept for as long as they are needed, rather than for only two weeks as with the usual
interlibrary loans. However, they do remain subject to recall if needed by another reader.
The CRL collection* cover almost every major subject area. Besides current monographs and journals, they include U.S. and
foreign newspapers, foreign dissertations, government publications and rare books in microform. Even the brief alphabetical
listing printed in the April, 1970 Library News ran to four pages. Reprints of this outline are available from the Editor. However,
a much more comprehensive and up-to-date catalogue of the resources available is CRL's own Handbook, which is held in all
divisions and branches of the library system. The Interlibrary Loan Division has just completed a detailed index and supplement
to this Handbook. ILL is also giving away copies of a pamphlet describing the major areas covered by the CRL collections.
A separate five-volume catalogue of the monographs available from CRL is held at the Information Desks in the Main and
Woodward Libraries. There is also a newspaper catalogue which lists newspapers held at CRL; this may be consulted in the
Humanities Reference Division or in the Interlibrary Loan Office. For an updated listing of newspapers, see the supplement to
the CRL Handbook in the ILL Office.
To obtain any of this material on loan, fill out a standard Interlibrary Loan form. Hand it in to the Interlibrary Loan Office,
or to any reference division or branch library. "
Please ask the Interlibrary Loan staff for more details. Their office is located near the Main Library's Subject Catalogue, and
you can reach them at locals 2274 or 4430.
At the end of this year, the New York Public Library will close the doors to its million-volume Science and Technology
Section. The Library has been chronically short of funds for some time. Now it no longer has enough money to keep this
collection open for public use.
The section will continue to acquire and catalogue materials in hopes that the financial picture will improve. But after
January 1 it will no longer be able to give any type of service.
If you have the following journals to donate or sell, please get in touch with Graham Elliston, Bibliography Division, Main
Library (local 2304).
Nation (New York) September 28, 1970; December 28, 1970; January 11, 1971.
New Yorker September 26, 1970. MAPS AND TOURIST GUIDES
Don't throw them away! If you have travelled during the summer and have material of this type which you no longer wish to
keep, please contact the Main Library's Map Division (local 2231). All donations of maps and tourist guides would be much       \s-/
4  si19NI   113Q
Editor: Mrs. E. de Bruijn
Information & Orientation Division


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