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UBC Library News Apr 30, 1986

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Array ubc library news
new series no. 15/April 1986
LIBRARY COLLECTIONS BUDGET UPDATE
In the last issue we indicated that inflation and devaluation of the Canadian dollar would have serious
implications for our purchasing power next fiscal year.  That situation continued to deteriorate in
February.  Jonathan Wisenthal, Chairman of the Senate Library Committee, and Doug Mclnnes,
University Librarian, met with President Strangway early in March to discuss the urgent need for
increased collections funding.  An increase of about $500,000 each year for the next two years is
required to bring the collections budget up to a level which will maintain the present rate of
acquisitions. Without adequate increases, substantial reductions in purchasing will be required in
1986/87, and by the 1987/88 fiscal year, the reduction in serial subscriptions and book purchases would
be such that the Library's ability to support research would be severely damaged.  At the present time,
there can be no assurance of adequate budget increases.
As one means of addressing the need for funds, the Library will develop a proposal to have the
collections themselves designated as an existing "centre of excellence", worthy of special support.  As a
resource unique to the Province, and one that is well used by other institutions and organizations, the
U.B.C. Library collections merit special consideration. Certainly, it is in the best interest of the
Province that the quality of its major library resource be maintained and, where possible, improved to
support new research priorities.  It is difficult, however, to estimate the likelihood of obtaining funding
from this source.
... serials cancellations, see back page
HAPPY BIRTHDAY, VANCOUVER
Interested in Kerrisdale or Strathcona?   Temperance in Vancouver?   Urban Planning?  Stanley Park?
Hudson's Bay Company?  Chinese in Vancouver?  These topics are a small sample from the subject index
of the four volume bibliography just published by the Vancouver Historical Society.
The Vancouver Centennial Bibliography, compiled by Linda J. Hale, is
the result of a three year project funded primarily by the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research Council.  It was compiled at UBC
Library, which provided office space and facilities, interlibrary loan
services, systems assistance, and advisory help from the Special
Collections librarians.
This comprehensive, thematic bibliography lists over 15,000 items
about the city of Vancouver from the earliest time to the present.  It
includes geographical studies, local histories, technical reports,
company reports, articles, photographs, manuscripts, architectural
drawings, maps, exhibition catalogues and musical scores.  There are
name, title, subject and series indexes.
A copy is available in Special Collections and other copies will soon
be on reference in the Ridington Room, Main Library and in
Sedgewick Library. TELEFACSIMILE MACHINES FOR HEALTH SCIENCES NETWORK
The P.A, Woodward Foundation, a generous supporter of UBC's biomedical libraries, has given $22,106
to the Library to purchase four telefacsimile machines for the Health Sciences Network libraries.
(Since 1982, the hospital libraries at Vancouver General, Children's/Grace/Shaughnessy and St. Paul's
have been organized with Woodward Library into a network that draws on the strong collections in
Woodward to supplement the working collections at the hospitals.)  The telefacsimile machines will
enable the network libraries to share their resources more efficiently.
Telefacsimile is an electronic communication system which allows fast interchange of documents and
graphics between geographically separated locations.  Images (printed pages, diagrams, photos) are
transmitted from one machine and reproduced almost instantaneously on paper at the remote receiver.
The Health Sciences libraries will use the system primarily to speed up processing.  Requests for
delivery of materials through the system has increased from 24,000 in 1982/83 to over 40,000 in
1984/85.  Instead of staff keying requests into the computer, the forms completed by patrons will be
transmitted directly via telefacsimile.  In addition, if a copy of a document is needed urgently, it will
be sent via telefacsimile rather than on the Faculty of Medicine's daily delivery truck. Copies of
documents may also be received from the Canadian Institute for Scientific and Technical Institute
(CISTI) in Ottawa or other libraries, thus eliminating postal delays.  The system should be installed by
late Spring.
KIWANIS GIFT TO CRANE LIBRARY
The Kiwanis Club of Vancouver recently gave $3,000 to the Crane Library's Talking Books Program.
With this gift, Crane Library was able to record several textbooks required by blind students.  Kiwanis -
sponsored textbooks include a casebook on law for a blind law student and a book for a Master of Social
Work student's thesis.
Crane Library's Talking Books Program produces tapes of books needed by blind and visually impaired
students at U.B.C.  Although volunteer readers help, making a talking book is expensive and complex.
The casebook on law took three hundred hours to record, was ninety hours long and filled sixty
cassettes. Demand always exceeds supply for this important service - donations like the Kiwanis gift
provide needed extra funds.
ON-LINE LITERATURE SEARCHES - A BETTER WAY?
A successful computer search will provide you with a printed list of citations on your topic.  The
citations may include books, journal articles, conference proceedings, dissertations, etc., depending on
the data base used.  Many printed indexes and abstracts are now in machine-readable data bases
accessible by computer.  The number and coverage of data bases in every field is increasing all the time
- U.B.C. librarians currently can access more than five hundred.
A computer can search a large number of data-base records quickly and efficiently.  If your topic
interrelates several ideas or concepts, a computer search can be particularly useful.  In addition, on
some data bases, you can set certain parameters on the search before it begins. Citations might be
limited by language, by document type or by date.  For example, you could specify that you only want
citations to English language articles after 1977.
Most data bases the reference librarians search have print equivalents, such as Chemical Abstracts,
ERIC, or Psychological Abstracts.  But, often, the on-line versions are more current, may include more
information and provide better searching access than the print versions.  In the print version of
Psychological Abstracts, for example, it is very difficult to find citations to individual tests because the
subject access is not specific enough.  On-line, however, you can find the citations because the test name can be searched in the abstract, identifier and title fields.
After a search is completed, the citations are printed on-line or off-line.  On-line print-outs usually list
the citations only; off-line print-outs include abstracts, if they are available.  The library usually
receives off-line print-outs about a week after a search is done.  If a search was useful and you would
like to keep it updated, it is possible to have the same search done regularly to retrieve new citations.
Any member of the UBC faculty, staff or student body may request a search.  Search costs, which are
partially subsidized, are based on the connect time between the library's terminal and the remote data
base.  They vary depending on the data base used, the time required to do the search and the number of
citations printed.  There is a special rate for students, $10, but the search has certain restrictions. For
non-UBC use of the service, there is an additional charge for the librarian's time and for equipment use.
If you would like a computer search done, consult a librarian. A fair amount of preliminary work may
be necessary. A computer search can be very productive but cannot always satisfy every information
need. Sometimes, there may not be a suitable data base for your topic, or browsing through a printed
index may be the only way to find citations not accessible by specific terms. The reference librarians
in each subject area are familiar with the data bases in their fields. They will discuss your topic with
you and determine the most effective and efficient search strategy to use—whether on-line, manual, or
both.
The library has a series of one page sheets which describe computer assisted bibliographic services in
the following areas —biological sciences, business/economics, education and physical education,
engineering/technology, forestry/agriculture, health sciences, humanities, legal research, physical
sciences, political science, psychology/sociology, and the social sciences. For a copy of any of these
sheets, please phone the Information and Orientation Division (2076).
HIDDEN TREASURES
Does the library have?
A Guide to farming in the Prince George area
Computer communications and the mass market in Canada
Forestry insect and disease conditions in Canada, 1984
Aspects of the commercial trucking of grain: Prairie Region
Seismic building upgrading for Vancouver's Gastown
Wolf management in B.C.:  protecting predator and prey
Hotel/Motel occupancy statistics for Saskatchewan, 1984
Background briefing notes on British Columbia/Japan trade and economic relations
If you check the November 1985 Microlog index, your answer will be yes.
Microlog is a microfiche collection of selected publications of Canadian federal, provincial and local
governments and of non-government research institutions, professional associations and special interest
groups.  It has two parts:  the monthly name, title and subject index and the documents on microfiche.
Microlog began in 1979 and was preceded by Profile (1973-78) and Urban Canada (1977-78), the former
limited primarily to provincial publications and the latter to municipal publications. The index and the
microfiche collection are in Government Publications and Microforms Division, Main Library.  The
microfiche, along with readers, can be borrowed or fiche or paper copies of the microfiche can be
made.
The reports and studies in Microlog are often invaluable and unique sources for research.  Many would
be very difficult to locate and acquire without a subscription to this collection.  Microlog is an
important source of Canadian information - a hidden treasure which should not be overlooked. SERIAL CANCELLATIONS
By the time faculty members receive this issue the lists of our proposed serial cancellations should be in
the hands of academic department heads and library representatives.   They will also be available for
consultation at library information desks.   Please make sure that you look at the list in your area of
interest and convey your opinions to your department head or library representative.
HOT OFF THE PRESS
Recently prepared or revised Library publications include:
Start Here 11 revised, East Europe: Domestic Politics and Foreign Affairs
Start Here 12 revised, Soviet Union:  Domestic Politics and Foreign Affairs
Start Here 94 revised, The Middle East
Start Here 129, Information Sources in Computer Science at UBC
Start Here 130, Native Land Claims in Canada
Start Here 131, China:   Domestic Politics and Foreign Affairs
If you would like a copy of any of these one or two page sheets, please phone the Information and
Orientation Division (2076).  Ask at any reference desk for information on the many additional
publications available.
PLEASE RETURN OR RENEW ALL BOOKS: END OF TERM IS HERE
Soon after April 11, the Library will send call-in notices for all outstanding books borrowed since
August 15, 1985.  Please return those books you no longer need and renew all others.
If you are planning to be away from campus during the spring and summer, remember that long-term
loans are always subject to call-in.  Please either return all books in case they are needed by others, or
make arrangements to have someone check your mail and respond to Library call-ins.
Have you been billed for replacement of books in the past?   We have assumed those books to be lost and
are attempting to replace them but would be delighted to have them back. If you find any, bring them
to the overdues department of the relevant branch and ask for an adjustment of the charges.
Editor: Julie Stevens
Illustrator:  Merry Meredith
Information & Orientation Division
University of British Columbia Library
issn 0382-0661

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