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UBC Publications

UBC Library News Apr 30, 1969

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Volume II, No. 4
April, 1969
Vancouver, B.C.
This newsletter appears once a month as an information service for U.B.C. faculty and other readers outside the Library. It
contains feature articles and news about developments in the Library system which we feel will be of interest or concern to the
larger community. The News welcomes all comments, criticisms, and suggestions for future articles.
Although most campus libraries will be open over the four-day Easter weekend, there may be some changes in the hours of
service. Easter schedules for the Main Library and all branches are given below. Hours for Main Library public service divisions
may be obtained from the Information Desk or from the divisions themselves.
Main, Sedgewick,
and Woodward
1 Laboratory '
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
April 4-7
9 a.m. — midnight
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon — midnight
9 a.m. — midnight
Forestry /Agriculture,
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 10 p.m.
Law Library
Mathematics Library
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
9 a.m. — 11 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon — 10 p.m.
9 a.m. — 11 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Music Library
Social Work Library
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
8 a.m. — 11 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
12 noon — 6 p.m.
8 a.m. — 11 p.m.
8 a.m. — 10 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
8 a.m. — 10 p.m.
V.G.H. Biomedical
Branch Library
April 4
April 5
April 6
April 7
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m.
10 a.m. — 6 p.m.
9 a.m. — 5 p.m. . .
1 v
In mid-March the Library introduced a new system to eliminate, or at least greatly reduce, the need to catalogue books before
they are borrowed. Formerly most of this material had to be rush catalogued if a borrower needed it—a process which might
take up to a week. Under the new system, however, the books will be ready in a matter of hours.
Anyone who wishes to borrow an uncatalogued book should first see the librarians at the Information Desk. They will make
sure that the book has been received, and will look up its purchase order number. (Please do not skip this step. Unless you know
the order number, the searchers will be unable to find your book.)
Next, fill out a call slip for the book and hand it in at the Main Loan Desk. If the slip is received before 3 p.m., the book will
be ready to pick up at 4.
Please note that these books may be recalled if Library of Congress catalogue cards are received for them while they are out
on loan.
Almost 45 years ago, the University of British Columbia received a notable gift: the Frank Burnett collection of South Seas
artifacts. The following rather breathless excerpt from the newspaper coverage gives some idea of the stir this created on
Garnered from all over the South Sea Islands, from Sumatra, Borneo, Malaya and the territory of the old Inca
Empire in South America the wonderful collection of the handiwork of barbarous and semi-barbarous tribes
made by Mr. Frank Burnett, Sr., will be moved from his home ... to the University of British Columbia, when
a building suitable to house it has been erected.
His gift to the provincial centre of learning is a veritable museum, and the collection of its several thousand
pieces required ten voyages of nine to eighteen months each.
The [Vancouver] Daily Province,
October 4,1924. "
On July 25, 1927, Mr. Burnett's ethnographical collection was deposited in what was then considered a suitable building, the
University Library. U.B.C. showed its gratitude by conferring upon the donor the honourary degree of Doctor of Laws at the
1929 fall congregation. t
Frank Burnett began his career as a traveller and collector of ethnological artifacts late in life. Born in Scotland in 1852, he
was apprenticed to the Merchant Sailing Service at the age of fourteen. In 1870 he left the sea to come to Canada, and in the
spring of 1880 he settled in southwestern Manitoba, where he prospered as a grain merchant. Moving to Vancouver in 1895, he
returned to the sea as a pilot commissioner. It was not until after his retirement in 1900 that he began his travels to the South
Seas. Taking his family and two young Englishmen as crew, he started off on his own schooner for a two-year cruise among the
islands of the South Pacific. Before his death, Burnett made nine other voyages, his travels taking him to the west coast of South
America, through most of the island groups of the South Pacific, and to Ceylon, China, and East Africa.
Between voyages he found time to write four books of travel and fiction. He was an active member of the Canadian Authors'
Association, and died on February 20,1930 as he was proposing a toast at a meeting of the local branch.
Dr. Burnett built up a private library of some 500 volumes, chiefly works on exploration and travel in the places he visited,
which were used as a companion and reference collection for his voyages. Now, nearly forty years after his death, the bulk of
this personal library has been given to the University by his grand-daughter, Mrs. Mary Litster of Sausalito, California.
Some of the more notable works in the collection are:
— Keats, George. Account of the Pelew Island. 1788.
— Adams, Robert. The narrative of Robert Adams, a sailor who was wrecked on the Western Coast of Africa in the year
1810, who was detained three years in slavery by the Arabs of the Great Desert and resided several months in the city of
Timbuctoo. 1816.
— Crawfurd, John. History of the Indian archipelago. 3 vols. 1820.
— Stephens, John L. Incidents of travel in Yucatan. 2 vols. 1843. — Ross, James Clark. A voyage of discovery and research in the Southern and Antarctic regions during the years 1839-43.
2 vols. 1847.
— Pritchard, W.T. Polynesian reminiscences. 1866. (Pritchard was British Consul at Samoa, and was born in Tahiti.)
— Mendana, Alvaro de. The discovery of the Solomon Islands in 1569, translated by Lord Amherst and Sir Basil Thomson.
2 vols. 1901.
Most readers who are involved in research at U.B.C. will be familiar with Dissertation Abstracts, the monthly guide to the
contents of recent Ph.D. dissertations. Up till now, the subject index in each volume has used the same Library of Congress
subject headings as are found in U.B.C's library catalogues. Users have not found these altogether satisfactory, however. The
most general complaint is that such headings are too broad and general to be really useful in searches for material on very limited
University Microfilms, publishers of Dissertation Abstracts, have been working with the Library of Congress to find a better
method of indexing. Recent tests suggest that they may have done so. A memorandum received by the U.B.C. Library last
month has this to say:
It has been proposed that a [computer] print-out of the "key word in context" (KWIC) sort might serve to
index the dissertations in each published volume. This Committee arranged for a comparative study of access
by means of the KWIC listing and the Library of Congress subject headings. As we reported ... the
preliminary results are encouraging.
The principle behind a KWIC index is simple. The important or "key" words in a given title are all indexed in turn, with the
rest of the title (the "context") included before and after. A sample entry from Chemical Titles, which already uses a KWIC
subject index, will illustrate this more clearly:
Title: Alcohol metabolism in the horse.
Key words: Alcohol, metabolism, horse.
KWIC index entries (indexed under "A", "H", and "M" respectively):
horse. Alcohol metabolism in the
in the Horse. Alcohol metabolism
alcohol Metabolism in the horse.
In this way the user is given a variety of subject approaches to each article indexed, and can tell immediately whether the article
is likely to be of use.
The January issue of Dissertation Abstracts has been delayed, but should reach us this month. In it readers will find both
types of subject index: the familiar Library of Congress subject headings and a KWIC index. This has been done in order to give
readers a chance to use and compare both methods in the course of their day-to-day work. If the KWIC index proves to be better
suited to researchers' needs, the Library of Congress headings may eventually be dropped altogether.
The U.B.C. Library has been asked to pass on comments from Dissertation Abstracts users about the new KWIC index. If you
find it more (or less) convenient than the Library of Congress headings, please make your feelings known. Comments or
criticisms should go to the Librarian, Basil Stuart-Stubbs (local 2298).
In 1964 the library of the National Research Council (NRC) was formally recognized as the National Science Library (NSL),
the focal point of Canada's scientific and technological information network. One of the NSL's projects which will be of
considerable interest to U.B.C. researchers is the computerized "SDI service". SDI, standing for "Selective Dissemination of
Information", might be most simply defined as a personal literature searching service. Electronic data processing equipment
selects for each individual the most recent material published in his particular field of interest. At regular intervals of one to two
weeks each scientist receives a printed bibliography of such material. Obviously, the value of this service will depend to a large extent on how much the library knows about a researcher's
interests. Users of the SDI service must be prepared to spend time on a continuing basis in constructing and maintaining an
"interest profile". Attempts to do this over the telephone or by letter are usually a waste of time. Effective profiles are best
established by conversations between the working scientist and a librarian or other specialist trained in profile construction.
These discussions are well worth while, however. When properly constructed, an SDI interest profile produces reading lists or
bibliographies in which all information is closely related to the researcher's area of interest, however narrow that area may be.
The SDI program now operating at the NSL is based on two magnetic tape services. Chemical Titles on tape, produced by the
U.S.—based Chemical Abstracts Service, covers approximately 650 journals in chemistry and chemical engineering. ISI tapes,
produced by the Institute for Scientific Information in Philadelphia, cover 1,831 journals in many fields of science and
technology. Together these services account for some 600,000 title references annually.
Until recently this SDI service was limited to NRC scientists, engineers, and other researchers in the Ottawa area. Now,
however, it is being made available on a national basis. Annual subscription rates are $100 for each interest profile, which may
be compiled for one person or for a group with similar interests. If a profile contains more than 60 terms, an additional charge of
$100 will be made for the next 100 terms. (Each keyword, phrase, author, or journal counts as a separate term.) In return,
subscribers will receive a weekly or biweekly list of papers based on their interest profiles and selected from the 2,481 journals
covered by-the CT and ISI magnetic tapes.
In order to get first-hand experience with the national SDI service at an early stage, the U.B.C. Library has taken out four
subscriptions. Interest profiles will be set up for four faculty members working in different disciplines, and they will assist the
Library in evaluating the service and its usefulness in their particular fields.
For further information on any aspect of the national SDI program, please contact R.J. Brongers, Science Division (local
For the past three months the U.B.C. library system has had two separate collections of books for children. One (the "j"
collection) is on level 3 of the Main Library book stacks, and the other was set up in December, 1968, when the Curriculum
Laboratory brought its juvenile books together in a special section.
It is important for faculty and students working with children's books to know the difference between the two collections.
They cover separate areas, with the scope of each determined by the needs of the users.
The "j" collection in the main stacks concentrates on fiction, poetry, and other works of imagination written for children. It
is located in the Main Library, rather than the Curriculum Laboratory, because of its heavy use by students in the children's
literature courses at the School of Librarianship. Education students who need children's stories for teacher training courses in
reading and literature will find most of them here.
The juvenile books in the Curriculum Laboratory, on the other hand, are chiefly non-fiction. Here Education students will
find factual works to supplement courses for grades I to VIM in science, social studies, music, graphic arts, physical education
and language arts. At present the collection numbers about 5,000 books, and it will be greatly expanded over the next few years.
This survey was intended only as a general guide to the contents of the two collections. To find out where a particular
children's book is held, it is always safest to look up its call number in the Main Library's Location File.
Map Division.
Although the Social Sciences Division keeps a basic collection of atlases just inside its stack entrance, the Library's main
resource centre for maps and related materials is the Map Division. Located on the top floor of the south wing, it is open from
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Saturday, and has a full-time staff of three. The Division has a nine-point acquisition policy, designed to produce a collection containing:
1) As complete coverage as possible of B.C.
2) Detailed topographic coverage of Canada and the western U.S.
3) Hydrographic charts of the Pacific coast of North America and of other Canadian coastlines
4) Geologic maps of Canada and the U.S.
5) Plans of all important Canadian and U.S. cities
6) Small scale coverage of the world at 1:1,000,000 and 1:2,500,000
7) Medium scale coverage at 1:250,000 (or thereabouts)
8) Small scale thematic maps of the world
9) Facsimiles (with some originals) of historic town plans
This policy has been worked out by consulting faculty members, reading the literature relating to map collections, and
studying known use of maps at U.B.C. Any requests for specific maps or series should be made to the Head of the Division, Miss
Maureen Wilson (local 2231).
Two parts of the collection may be of particular interest to faculty members whose disciplines do not normally include the
use of maps. These are the Wall Map collection, intended for classroom use and available on indefinite loan for lecture series, and
the City and Road Map collection, which has been used quite widely by faculty members planning study tours and sabbatical
Some 800 atlases are also housed in the Map Division. Besides world atlases, the Division buys as many national and regional
atlases as possible and collects atlases on most subjects. Linguistic atlases probably make up the largest group of subject atlases.
The Map Division has a collection of detailed gazetteers, covering most countries of the world, which can be used with the
maps and atlases. Other useful reference books include geographic dictionaries, encyclopedias, and bibliographies such as the
British Museum Catalogue of Maps and the American Geographical Society's Index to Maps in Books and Periodicals.
Special Collections Division.
The Special Collections Division has a collection of maps for the study of the historical cartography of North America and,
more particularly, of Canada and British Columbia. The maps date from about the 13th century through to 1900, with some
British Columbia maps of more recent vintage, displaying the state of geographical knowledge and cartographic techniques over
the centuries.
The Divisions's acquisition policy is to obtain:
1) As complete coverage as possible of non-current British Columbia material
2) Maps of Canada and the Pacific Northwest prior to 1900
3) Maps of the world and of America prior to 1900
4) Facsimiles of maps, with the exception of non-Canadian town plans
The collection is still in the process of being catalogued, and eventually it will be possible to find any map by geographical
area, subject, cartographer, or date. Any enquiries about this collection should be directed to Miss Frances Woodward, Special
Collections Division (local 2521). The Division is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday to Saturday.
Related material in the Special Collections Division includes about 160 atlases (world, national, regional, historical, original,
facsimile, atlases of facsimile maps, etc.); catalogues of maps and atlases (Library of Congress, British Museum, Bancroft);
bibliographies of some of the important cartographers, plus other cartographic literature of a historical nature; gazetteers
(mainly Canadian); and geographical dictionaries, as well as a good collection of voyages and journals of exploration.
Also in Special Collections is an "author" catalogue to the maps in the Provincial Archives in Victoria. The Archives
collection concentrates on British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest from the earliest times to the present, and is probably the
largest and most comprehensive collection of maps and charts of the area.
The Library has a collection of Japanese maps of the Tokugawa era, 1615-1867, at present kept in the Librarian's Off ice.
The maps are from the George H. Beans Collection, and include manuscript, wood block and copper engraved maps, some
beautifully coloured. The only catalogue is a marked copy of Mr. Beans' A List of Japanese Maps of the Tokugawa Era
(Jenkinstown, Pa., Tall Tree Library, 1951—1963. 4 v.), which is kept with the collection. APRIL FOOL
Every so often memorable errors in indexing occur that are just too good to keep as a private library joke. One shining
example is the "Colbeck print-out"—an alphabetical computer listing of the bookstock acquired from Norman Colbeck, an
English bookseller. Supposedly the list is arranged by author, but it was compiled in haste, and (one suspects) by someone to
whom any author entry was preferable to none at all. Some highlights from the print-out are given below.
Aeneid, Virgils.
Choisis, Morceaux.
Craft, Masonry.
Damon, Runyon.
Gulliver, Lemuel.
Hands, Several.
His Colleagues.
Longa, Ars.
Omar, Khyyam.
Persons, Eminent.
Posthumes, Oeuvres.
Premier, Tome.
... and finally (a real first in publishing)
God, Lord.
Twelve Books.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Textbook of Freemasonry.
Take it Easy.
Missale Romanum.
Terence's Comedies Made English,
With His Life. (1697).
Essays Philosophical and Psychological.
Ars Longa; Being Sketches in Pen and
Brush of the Artist and his Work in
Other Times.
The Rubaiyat.
Biographies from the Times.
Alfred de Musset.
Penseesde Blaise Pascal.
Revealed Knowledge.
Editor: Mrs. E. de Bruijn
Information & Orientation Division


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