UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Touchpoints Apr 1, 2004

Item Metadata


JSON: touchpoints-1.0115942.json
JSON-LD: touchpoints-1.0115942-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): touchpoints-1.0115942-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: touchpoints-1.0115942-rdf.json
Turtle: touchpoints-1.0115942-turtle.txt
N-Triples: touchpoints-1.0115942-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: touchpoints-1.0115942-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 February 2004
School of
Advancing Nursing Practice D,
Sally Thorne
1 Advancing Nursing Practice
2 Raising the Bar
Finding the "Joy" in Scholarship
3 Teaching Excellence
Opening Doors
4 Development
From Alumnae Manor to
Student Scholarships
5 Alumni
Pay it Forward
Finding our Lost Elders
6 Graduate Profiles
Commitment to the Community
Following Her Dreams
7 New Faces in Research
Dr. Bernie Garrett
8 Clinical Practice Innovation
Student-led Program Benefits from
Nursing Student's Leadership
Recent legislative and regulatory changes
have opened the path toward new nursing
practice roles in British Columbia, and the
UBC School of Nursing is creating innovative
new programs to respond to the primary
care challenge. This past September, we
admitted our first cohort of students in the
Nurse Practitioner (NP) Program and since
then we've been scrambling to keep up with
them. Recognizing that this new form of
practice will require maturity and confidence,
especially in the early "contentious" years,
we've handpicked a group of exceptional
professionals, each with several years of
experience in various clinical contexts and
willing to serve as pioneers in a new kind
of nursing role. They have already completed
basic health assessment, statistics and
core masters theory course requirements,
and will be immersing themselves in pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis and primary
care in the coming term. Their clinical practice learning will be supported by a range
of professionals, including our interdisciplinary
colleagues and partners in family practice
medicine. These are difficult times for physicians, as we are all well aware from reading
the public press, and so we especially
applaud those with the courage and foresight
to provide active support for nurse
practitioner learning, sometimes risking
censure by their colleagues.
As we move forward into supporting nurse
practitioner education, its special challenges
also provide us with an opportunity to
reflect on the way we deliver our conventional
programs. For example, because nurse
practitioner students must demonstrate a
sophisticated understanding of evidence-
based claims with regard to such issues as
drug dosages, screening guidelines and
contested therapeutic recommendations, we
Students in the first class of the Nurse
Practitioner Program are pioneers for a new
nursing role in clinical practice.
are reconsidering the manner in which we
teach numeracy, statistics and research
across our various programs. Working
intimately with the competencies inherent in
nurse practitioner practice, we are able
to review our basic and advanced practice
competency expectations with fresh eyes,
and to propose curriculum modifications that
will effect smooth transitions between
programs and across practices. Beyond the
NP initiative, we are also fully committed
to sustaining and developing our more conventional advanced practice leadership
mandate, including the preparation of nurse
leaders to meet the continuing need for
clinical nurse specialists. We envision a
future characterized by strong and integrated
networks of nursing leaders in both primary
care and clinical specialty positions, well
supported by their continuing connection
with the UBC School of Nursing, and playing
a vital role in shaping the way we enact
our mandate. We have seen the future, and
we are ready for it! Raising the Bar
Finding the "Joy"
in Scholarship
There is not a much better
example of someone who embodies
the UBC School of Nursing's
motto, "Putting scholarship into
practice", than Dr. Joy Johnson.
As one of the principal investigators in the Nursing and Health
Behaviour Research (NAHBR)
Unit, Doctoral Program Coordinator, and Associate Director of
Graduate Programs and Research,
Joy is an extremely hardworking and productive member
of the faculty.
Her efforts were recently recognized with
a Career Award totalling $350,000 in salary
support over five years from the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research. It acknowledges the high level of research productivity
she has sustained over the past several
years, the success she has had in mentoring
and supporting graduate students and
trainees, and the potential of her research in
the field of Nursing and Health Behaviours
to make an impact on the health of
Canadians. "It's a great source of pride to
have that work recognized," says Joy. "As
we gain a more robust understanding
of health behaviour we have come to understand how individual, social and
environmental factors shape health."
Joy's workdays are long and full. However
that's exactly what keeps her motivated.
"I absolutely love nursing and the work it
involves," enthuses Joy. "There is always a
new horizon and the world of academics
affords us the opportunity to pursue our own
ideas, meet interesting and stimulating
people and enjoy an incredible synergy."
As Associate Director of Graduate Programs
and Research, Joy says, "I'm very interested
in exploring how we can serve our students
well; it's incredible to watch and learn along
with them. My next step is to extend my
gaze to the full menu of graduate programs
and how we can ensure the research taking
place in the school and the programs we
offer work hand in glove," she states.
Beyond the School of Nursing, Joy is very
involved in shaping health research policy
for all of B.C. In addition to being one of
the founding members of the B.C. Centre of
Excellence for Women's Health, Joy is a
founding member and current Chair of
the Research Advisory Committee of the
Michael Smith Foundation for Health
Dr. Joy Johnson is a valuable leader in the
School of Nursing.
Research. "This committee brings 19 of the
leading scientists in the province together
and Joy handles the interface between this
dynamic group with strong leadership skills.
She brings a terrific combination of her
nursing research background and ability to
look at the broader issues in creating
health policy for the future. She is a pleasure
to work with," states Dr. Aubrey Tingle,
President of the Michael Smith Foundation.
As Joy looks back, she finds it hard to
pinpoint any one achievement of which she is
most proud; however, the synergies and
relationships along the way are what mean
the most. One current source of pride is
infrastructure funding from the Michael
Smith Foundation for a new research unit
called Nexus, which brings together
researchers from a variety of disciplines.
A true leader, Joy states her modest philosophy towards her career by saying, "For me,
being a good academic citizen is about taking
on activities, committing to good scholarship
and service to our community." The School
of Nursing is proud to count Joy as one of its
own as she contributes to the education and
professional growth of future nursing leaders,
and the health of our country.
The School of Nursing was saddened to learn
of the recent death of two of its "Friends,"
Margaret Klinger on December 26, 2003 and
Esther Paulson on January 1, 2004.
Margaret (BSN '74)(1939-2003) was a UBC
School of Nursing faculty member from
1981 to 1988, and subsequently went on to
teach nursing at Kwantlen University
College. Even as she battled breast cancer
over recent years, Margaret never lost her
characteristic optimism.
Esther (DipPHN '34) (1906-2004) was a
longstanding B.C. nursing leader, serving as
Nursing Director of the Tuberculosis
Division, B.C. Department of Health and as
Director of Nursing at Pearson Hospital
until her retirement in 1966. She was a
former president of the Registered Nurses
Association of B.C. (1951-1953) and an
honourary life member of the B.C. History
of Nursing Group. Teaching Excellence
Opening Doors
For many nurses in B.C., pursuing
graduate education is only a
dream. With families, jobs and
established lives outside of the
Lower Mainland, it can be overwhelming to consider uprooting
everything in order to go back to
university. That dream is now a
possibility for nurses who live and
work in the Interior of BC.
This fall, the UBC School of Nursing partnered with the University College of the
Cariboo (UCC) to offer the UBC MSN program
to the first cohort of 17 students based in
the Kamloops area. Thanks to the provincial
government's recognition of the need to
provide education opportunities to expand
the base of nurse educators for the province,
support has been provided for an accessible
program specializing in nursing education.
Students take a combination of courses
offered on-site at the UCC campus and in an
online/distance format. The first cohort of
students can complete their program as early
as May 2005.
"When we began developing this program a
year ago, we were very optimistic about
providing nurse educators in the Kamloops
area with educational preparation at the
masters level. The demand for this program
will determine future programming, and at
this point we are looking forward to offering
it to another cohort of students living in
the Interior in 2004," explains Dr. Ann Hilton,
Coordinator of the MSN program.
The benefits of a program like this are
far-reaching. By providing graduate educational opportunities to nurses in their
home communities, the UBC School of
Nursing helps them apply that enhanced
capacity within their local areas. Students
are able to maintain their careers
and lifestyles while they invest in learning
that will strengthen their profession
and their communities. MSN candidate Janice
Watt (UBC BSN '79), Staff Development
Educator at Kelowna General Hospital,
says, "I had not written a scholarly paper in
many years and had not experienced online
learning so I was a bit uncertain about that.
I now look at each paper as a learning experience to build on, even though I've achieved
high marks. Once I was familiar with
my online course, I enjoyed the weekly
discussions with my group. Learning is lifelong and your practice as a nurse will be
enriched by the process!"
The School of Nursing also benefits from
this initiative by extending beyond its
traditional boundaries to deliver alternative
educational opportunities to an excellent
group of future nurse leaders and to work
collaboratively with the dynamic faculty
at UCC. Adapting and expanding our teaching
strategies to accommodate our Kamloops
initiative has challenged us to explore
creative new ways of delivering top quality
learning experiences in new formats,
which will also produce positive spin-offs for
our on-site MSN program. By opening
our doors to the province, we are making
major strides toward preparing the next
generation of nurse educators.
• The program makes it possible to deliver
all core requirements and education
electives so that students can complete
the MSN program without leaving the
Interior of BC.
• Students take two courses per term to
complete the program in two years of study.
• Nursing education courses offer both
theory and practice opportunities.
Students from the first cohort of the Kamloops
MSN program enjoy a moment together in person.
For more information, an open meeting will
be held in Kamloops:
Thursday February 19, 2004,
Time:  9:30 - 11:30am
Location: Room S375 (Sciences Building)
UCC campus
For further information, contact
Dr. Ann Hilton at UBC (604) 822-7498 or
Sharon Simpson at UCC (250) 828-5420
• Courses are delivered at the UCC campus
in a convenient intensive format and using
alternative distance/online approaches.
• Faculty from UCC are mentored by
UBC School of Nursing faculty to support
graduate education. Development
From Alumnae Manor
to Student Scholarships
VGH School of Nursing Alumnae
Building Society contributes $150,000
towards nursing scholarships
(This is an abridged version of the full story
about the generous gift provided to the UBC
School of Nursing. The full story should be
read on our web site at www.nursing.ubc.ca)
Following the sale of the Alumnae Manor, a
subsidized housing facility for retired nurses
and other seniors in the Kitsilano area of
Vancouver, the Directors of the VGH School of
Nursing Alumnae Building Society have
chosen the UBC School of Nursing as one of
the honoured recipients of the proceeds
of that sale. Directors Sheila Kirk, Eleanor
McTaggart and Vivian Blake decided to contribute $150,000 toward the established
Dorothy Jean Logan Memorial Scholarship.
Dorothy Logan was a former Director of
the VGH School of Nursing, and served as the
president of the VGH School of Nursing
Alumnae Association after her retirement as
well. Her dedication to nursing and contribution to society, coupled with the fact that
she was a personal mentor and friend, made
the Dorothy Logan Scholarship a perfect
choice for the Directors.
The Alumnae Manor, which provided a welcome
home for retired nurses and other seniors for 40
years, was recently sold to the City ofVancouver.
The VGH School of Nursing Alumnae Building
Society was established in 1962 by a
dedicated group of VGH School of Nursing
Alumnae Association members out of
the recognition that the pensions of retired
nurses left many unable to find housing.
For 40 years, this dedicated group ran the
Manor before deciding to sell it to the City
of Vancouver. The Association's constitution
outlined that the proceeds of the sale
were "to provide funding for educational
programs for nurses" and required that the
proceeds be contributed to "qualified
donees" as allowed under the Income Tax
Act. All the recipients of the Society's
monies were therefore existing Endowment
Funds (qualified donees) whose purposes
are to provide funding for educational
programs for nurses.
All of the Directors of the Building Society
hope that their efforts will establish a legacy
of education for nurses and will encourage
others to support nursing education. They
emphasize that "there is a great need for
qualified nurses, now and in the future."
Their gift will enable the School of Nursing to
recognize many more excellent students
and help with their education. It's something
that past legions of hard-working volunteers
would be proud of, pleased that their
dedication will now help nurses and the
future of health care in Canada.
The UBC School of Nursing is grateful for the gift
from the VGH School of Nursing Alumnae
Building Society as proposed by Directors Vivian
Blake, Eleanor McTaggart and Sheila Kirk. Alumni
Pay It Forward
Almost any nursing alumnus you ask will say
that one of the most rewarding aspects of
their job is the opportunity to have a positive
influence on someone following in their
footsteps. This is true for international
nursing consultant Nora Whyte (BSN '73) who
contributes to student education as an
adjunct professor, thesis committee member
for graduate students and participant in
the Guru Nanak School of Nursing Partnership Project. The importance of "paying it
forward" became apparent to Nora as a child
when another UBC graduate helped shape her
future career aspirations and has served
as a mentor throughout her interesting career.
"I will never forget when Florence Graham
(class of 1935) spent an hour or so with me
when I was in grade eight and working on
a 'what I want to be when I grow up' assignment. I knew Florence then as the nurse
who came to school to give us our immunizations, so that's why I approached her.
I loved the community outreach aspect of her
job, the way it focused on keeping people
healthy and the obvious enjoyment she had
for it," explains Nora. "Florence took the
time to tell me about her job and sent me
away armed with all sorts of brochures
and information about becoming a nurse. She
helped inspire me to pursue public health
nursing as a career. As a UBC student, I went
back to my home town of Duncan, B.C.
for my practicum and Florence, who
was the senior public health nurse, was
my supervisor."
That role came naturally to Florence who
always enjoyed talking to students as part of
her job. "It's just part and parcel of the job,"
states Florence who trained many nurses
over her long career. "You want to serve as a
good role model and ensure that they get the
best training and education they can get."
It's important to encourage those who
follow in our footsteps. There is always time
to remember those who helped us and
then "pay it forward" by helping someone
else. Nora summarizes this well by saying,
"It is incredibly rewarding to see the delight
on a person's face when you have helped
them with something. It feels great to be
able to support future nurses in particular."
The Alumni Association values the wealth of
knowledge and expertise of the graduates of
UBC School of Nursing. To recognize and
honour these accomplishments, the Alumni
Association hosts an evening at Cecil Green
Park every spring. This year on March 31st
from 7pm-10pm speakers, presentations,
networking and refreshments will be part of
our Evening of Knowledge and Innovation.
Guests are welcome. RSVP to 604-822-7468.
Finding our Lost Elders
This spring, the UBC School of Nursing will
be celebrating 85 years of excellence. As the
first university nursing program in Canada,
the history of the School is increasingly
being recognized as one of its treasures.
However, for much of that time, it was difficult to track graduates. As members of
a female-dominated discipline, many nursing
graduates changed names or left the workforce temporarily or permanently and were
lost to our records. Now, we have the
capability of trying to rebuild our community
of alumni so that we can acknowledge all
who have shaped our history. We would
greatly appreciate our readers' assistance
in finding some of those lost graduates
so that we can add them to our Touchpoints
mailing list and regain that connection.
Two specific plans have been made.
The UBC Nursing Alumni Association will no
longer be charging an annual membership
fee. Although this may have helped create a
small pocket of funds for programming,
it made it difficult to keep large numbers of
alumni involved. Secondly, in the springtime,
we plan to have an event at which we
honour our elders, individually and collectively. We envision a dinner or reception in
which we extend a special invitation to
UBC nursing graduates from 1954 or earlier,
and include as many alumni as possible.
Stay tuned for more information.
Please feel free to let us know by phone
(604-822-7748), FAX (604-822-7423), e-mail:
becky@nursing.ubc.ca, or mail: UBC School
of Nursing, 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver,
BC V6T 2B5 if you know of any graduates
who may not be getting Touchpoints or could
have slipped off our radar over the years. Graduate Profiles
Commitment to the
When Professor Joan Bottorff received a
letter from Vancouver Mayor Larry Campbell
announcing Sukhdev (Suki) Grewal as
the 2003 individual recipient of the City of
Vancouver's Cultural Harmony Award,
she was thrilled but not surprised. Suki, who
received her MSN degree in November 2003,
has used her nursing skills, natural curiosity
and initiative and genuine interest in
people to make a powerful difference in the
community for many years. As the citation
read, "Sukhdev Grewal has worked effectively
and persistently within the health system
and with the community at large in ensuring
culturally sensitive services are available
to diverse cultural groups in the city."
Most significantly, she has developed
programs and initiatives aimed at improving
the health of South Asian women in
Vancouver. While a labour and delivery nurse
at B.C. Women's Hospital and later as
a community health nurse, Suki recognized
that South Asian women faced unique
challenges in a range of health care situations. She has taken creative steps to
reduce those by translating brochures
into Hindi and Punjabi, creating community
pre-natal education programs, developing
highly effective breast health and cervical
cancer screening clinics, and delivering
powerful health education via Punjabi language radio and TV.
Using research to determine and understand
the needs of the women she serves, and
applying her research findings to education
and care, Suki has demonstrated a true
Vancouver Cultural Harmony Award winner
Suki Grewal is a graduate of the MSN
program and ardent supporter of the South
Asian community.
commitment to supporting the South Asian
community and helping its members enjoy
healthier lives. "I was so fortunate to grow
up with a father who always told me I
could be whatever I wanted. Education was a
focus in our home, and that continued with
my own children. So if I can help these
women, who aren't all as fortunate as I have
been, then it is all worth it," says Suki.
Suki participated in research with the UBC
School of Nursing even before she became a
graduate student. With the training she
obtained in her post-basic BSN and MSN programs, she has expanded her ability to
apply research in the development of appropriate health services. Dr. Joan Bottorff,
her masters thesis supervisor, says "Having
someone like Suki as a student in the
school has enhanced the school tremendously.
She is highly respected in the South Asian
community as well as both nursing and medical communities, and is often sought
out for her knowledge and expertise as a
community health nurse. Her willingness
to share her expertise and experiences, and
help others understand the health needs
of South Asians is a tremendous asset to
both students and faculty in the School."
Health care decisions made by South Asian
women was the focus of Suki's masters
project. Building on research developed in
earlier studies with Drs. Joan Bottorff, Joy
Johnson and Ann Hilton, Suki analyzed
interviews conducted with almost 50 South
Asian women to determine the factors that
affect the decisions they make in accessing
health services. Suki explains, "Many
women put the needs of others before their
own, so it is important to find ways to
help them understand the value of taking
care of themselves too."
The School of Nursing is proud of Suki's
accomplishments and honoured to have
played a role in the impact she has had on
health services in this province. For Suki,
the award was exciting,   but it is the work
itself that provides the greatest source
of pride. "At the end of the day, it is a great
feeling to say to myself 'Okay, I did well.
I helped someone today.'" Following Her Dreams
As a girl, Lisa Neufeld volunteered as a
hospital candy striper in her small, rural
Manitoba town and dreamed of becoming
a nurse. It's been a long time since her
candy striper days, and with another career
and motherhood under her belt, Lisa entered
the UBC School of Nursing in the upper
division program. Since graduating in the fall
(and now 38 years old), she is living her
dream and works on the challenging HIV and
general medicine unit at St. Paul's Hospital
in Vancouver. This is a complex job, and only
those with excellent nursing skills are
successful in obtaining a position there.
The School of Nursing's upper division
admission option, in which qualified students
enter directly into the third year of the
program, is geared towards those who have
first pursued another career or field of
study. "I feel so fortunate to have had the
opportunity to switch careers," says Lisa.
"I was initially attracted to the UBC nursing
program because of its multiple entry options
and the program itself helped prepare
me for my new career in so many ways. The
variety of clinical experiences and the
faculty's responsiveness to finding me experiences in my areas of interest, such as the
Downtown Eastside, really helped."
It often happens that you excel at what
you love, and Lisa is no exception; her
outstanding efforts as a student have
positioned her to succeed in her chosen
profession. In her studies at UBC, Lisa
excelled in both her theoretical courses and
in clinical practice, which earned her a
Flora Musgrave Scholarship and a Special
University Scholarship. She was also accepted into the Sigma Theta Tau International
Honor Society of Nursing. "I was very fortunate to receive the scholarships," says Lisa.
For many students, Lisa included, because
the financial burden of education is significant, scholarships recognizing hard work and
dedication are greatly appreciated.
Lisa is passionately interested in working
with the poor and those with multiple
barriers to health, perhaps someday in a
humanitarian project in a developing
country. The practical experience she gained
first as a nursing student and now in
professional practice has helped prepare
Recent graduate Lisa Neufeld looks forward
to a long career caring for underprivileged and
marginalized communities.
her for that possibility. "My first priority,
though, is to gain confidence in my nursing
and assessment skills in acute care. I'm
also considering obtaining my nurse practitioner certification and working in northern
B.C.," she explains. For Lisa, the possibilities
are endless as her solid training has laid
the foundation for many opportunities. She
is now well on her way to realising that goal.
To others considering entering nursing at a
later stage in life, Lisa says, "It's never
too late to follow your dreams." She truly
believes that it is important to find your
passion in life, and to follow your dreams
toward success. The School of Nursing
is proud to play a role in preparing future
leaders like Lisa for important roles in
health care.
New Faces in Research
Dr. Bernie Garrett
As computer-based learning becomes
more prevalent, the UBC School of Nursing is
delighted to have one of the tutors of the
first online course in higher education in the
United Kingdom now on faculty. With a
background in nephrology nursing and
a PhD in Information Sciences, Dr. Bernie
Garrett recently joined the School as an
Assistant Professor. "I was really interested
in working at a North American university
that actively supports nursing research, and
I was so pleased to find a position at UBC,"
states Bernie.
During his doctoral studies Bernie developed
research in simulation and artificial intelligence in computer-based learning, particularly
related to clinical decision-making. Since
then he has pursued a variety of research
programs related to that and is now focused
on online learning and the use of mobile
computing to provide support to nurses.
Bernie's responsibilities also include teaching, and he has really enjoyed meeting the
undergraduate and graduate students. "I am
very impressed by the students at UBC; I find
them enthusiastic and inspiring," he says.
He has also found enthusiasm within the
School for the contributions he can make to
our Prior Learning Assessment and
Recognition Program and evaluating the use
of Personal Digital Assistants (such as Palm
Pilots) with the nurse practitioner students.
Since moving to Vancouver from England
with his wife and two daughters six months
ago, getting settled into his new job
and their new life has been Bernie's priority.
Having just passed his RNABC exam and
getting his Canadian driver's license, Bernie
is starting to feel comfortable in his new
home and looks forward to focusing on his
teaching and research responsibilities. Clinical Practice Innovation
Student-led Program
Benefits from Nursing
Student's Leadership
Twenty-four year old CHIUS
(Community Health Initiative by
University Students) co -chair Jamie
Roots says she usually describes
this one-of-a-kind program "as an
inter-professional, student-driven,
volunteer health promotion
program that runs out of a clinic
in the Downtown Eastside of
Vancouver." As a fourth year
nursing student, Jamie has been
involved with CHIUS for two years
and plans to continue her work
with underserved and marginalized
communities after graduation.
"I first got involved with CHIUS to gain
practical clinical skills. But I soon learned
that there was so much more to gain;
there are leadership skills, and inter-professional communication, collaboration and
cooperation which are a big part of the program," explains Jamie.
Dr. Peter Granger, Clinical Assistant
Professor and Director of Inner City Health
with the UBC Department of Family Practice
is the physician-mentor for the program.
He explains that CHIUS started four years
ago with only medical students involved,
but has evolved to include students from nine
different disciplines—and nursing students
play a key role. "Nursing students were
the first of the other disciplines to get
involved. They bring an important perspective
to the work," he says. "When Jamie was
chosen as co-chair through the selection
process, I was very pleased. She is an
incredibly effective leader and just a wonderful person."
There are many student-led initiatives that
support the community, but few with the
broad student involvement of CHIUS. Since
its inception, over 600 students have been
oriented to the program which now has about
200 active volunteers. Jamie, along with
co-chair Joey Bonifacio from Medicine, is
responsible for the central coordination of all
CHIUS activities. "Our aim is to promote
quality and safe educational experiences for
volunteers and clients alike," she says.
While Jamie devotes at least ten hours a
week to CHIUS, she is also a member of the
Nursing Undergraduate Society Council,
a BCNU student member, UBC's official delegate to the Canadian Nursing Students'
Association, and is completing a work-study
position as a research assistant in the
Division of Inner City Health (with the Faculty
of Medicine). Add to that her studies,
spending time with her husband and friends,
and she is one busy young woman. "It is
difficult to balance everything," explains
Jamie. "But to keep my perspective, I always
try to remember that we make time for
what is important to us and that we should
never start something that we're not willing
to follow through."
Outstanding student leaders like Jamie, are
a source of pride for the School of Nursing.
With the experience she has gained through
her education and volunteer roles, there is
no doubt that upon graduation Jamie will be
well-poised to enlarge the contributions
she is already making as she cares for those
who are less fortunate in the world.
Touchpoints is published by the School
of Nursing, Faculty of Applied Science,
The University of British Columbia.
Editor: Sally Thorne
Associate Editor/Writer: Sue Bugos
Editorial Advice: Dr. Marilyn Willman
Design/Production: Tandem Design Associates Ltd
Printing: Rhino Print Solutions
The School of Nursing
T201-2211 Wesbrook Mall
Vancouver, B.C.  V6T 2B5
Tel: 604-822-7417
Fax: 604-822-7466


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items