UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Touchpoints Apr 1, 1999

Item Metadata

Download

Media
touchpoints-1.0115933.pdf
Metadata
JSON: touchpoints-1.0115933.json
JSON-LD: touchpoints-1.0115933-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): touchpoints-1.0115933-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: touchpoints-1.0115933-rdf.json
Turtle: touchpoints-1.0115933-turtle.txt
N-Triples: touchpoints-1.0115933-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: touchpoints-1.0115933-source.json
Full Text
touchpoints-1.0115933-fulltext.txt
Citation
touchpoints-1.0115933.ris

Full Text

Array fc
Fall/winter    1999
contents
Celebrating 80 years
of Nursing at UBC
Marion Woodward
Lecture: Determining
the Effectiveness of
Hospital Reforms: The
Science of Outcomes
Research
Director's Report
h   Times to Remember
Global Reach:
Partnership with the
Guru Nanak
College of Nursing
Canada's First
Baby-Friendly
Hospital
Networking with
Nursing Alumni
congratulations
UP-COMING events
touch
VBcs
points
Celebrating 80 years of
Nursing at UBC
The University of British Columbia's
School of Nursing is celebrating 80 years
of nursing education, research, and
practice. From its inception in 1919 to its
current status as a leader in nursing
education and research, the UBC School
of Nursing is poised for great success in
the future.
Long gone are the days when there was
strong opposition to a degree in nursing.
Now, UBC Nursing students are offered
baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral
degrees. Graduates are working in all
corners of the world and their health care
expertise is well regarded by the people
they serve.
continued on page 2
msm
UBC.    1921
Sv)
The first graduating class of the School of Nursing. Director Ethel Johns and students in 1923.
(UBC SoN Nursing Archival Collections)
TEACHING
PRACTICE
RESEARCH
SCHOLARSHIP
RESEARCH
SCHOLARSHIP
TEACHING
PRACTICE
TEACHING It started in 1919, with the vision of
offering university preparation to increase
the level of health education. Dr. Malcolm
MacEachern, Superintendent of the
Vancouver General Hospital, believed in
university education for nurses and was
instrumental in helping establish the UBC
School of Nursing. The School's first
Director, Ethel jdhns, was also the Director
of Nursing at VGH and her vision of
nursing education has improved the quality
of nursing and health care for countless
individuals. The first class graduated under
her guidance in the summer of 1923; it was
a class of three. Since then, almost 5,000
nursing students have graduated from the
School's programs.
With a faculty of nearly 50 professors and
lecturers-each willing to share everything
they know about health care and the
profession of nursing-nursing education at
UBC has never been better. Courses cover
topics such as population health, family
nursing, social and cultural aspects of health
and illness, ethics, research methods, and
health policy. In addition to simulated and
hands-on teaching provided by the Learning
Resource Centre, students have clinical
experiences in acute care hospitals and in the
community. The School is also home to the
Office for Nursing Research, a department
that facilitates and supports new and
ongoing research on health care issues.
The School's Multiple Entry Option
Baccalaureate Program is now fully
operational after two successful pilot years.
The program offers three entry options
based on students' previous academic and
nursing experience. Students entering the
program from secondary school receive a
four-year university education, while those
with advanced standing or previous
bachelor's degrees can opt to complete only
the last two years of the program, focusing
specifically on nursing. The third entry
option is designed for registered nurses
looking to complete a nursing degree. The
Multiple Entry Option program is designed
for flexibility, and the varied nursing
experiences encourage an active and vibrant
learning environment. And active environments are endemic to the health care industry.
As we approach the coming century many
challenges face health care providers and the
system in which they work. Despite the
challenges, the School of Nursing continues
to receive far more qualified applicants than
can be accommodated in its programs. The
School is also forging ahead with international relationships and is achieving
worldwide exposure for the University of
British Columbia. Needless to say, the
excitement that surrounded the School of
Nursing in its early years is still felt today.
Students and faculty have pride in the work
they assume and are thrilled to see how their
knowledge, skills, and research are helping
people in all corners of the world.
Marion Woodward Lecture:
Julie Sochalski
Determining the Effectiveness of
Hospital Reforms:
The SciGnCC of Outcomes Research
UBC and the School of Nursing are happy
to present the 30th Annual Marion
Woodward Lecture. Guest lecturer is Julie
Sochalski, RN, PhD, FAAN. Dr. Sochalski
is Associate Director at the Centre for
Health Services and Policy Research, and
Assistant Professor of Health Services
Research and Nursing at the University of
Pennsylvania. She has held senior policy
analyst positions, and was a 1992-1993
Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy
Fellow.
Dr. Sochalski's research has focused on the
restructuring of the hospital workforce and
the implications of the cost and quality
trade-offs on hospital care. As one of the
leaders of an international consortium, she
has brought together research teams in
Canada, the United States, the United
Kingdom, and Europe to determine how
hospital organization and staffing affect
patient outcomes. This study will provide
much needed information on the effect of
hospital reforms. UBC School of Nursing
Acting Director, Dr. Sonia Acorn, is a
member of the project team conducting
this study in British Columbia.
Please be available on October 21 for this
outstanding lecture and reception. Lecture
starts at 7:00 p.m. in the PA Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre, UBC
Campus, Lecture Hall 2. Admission is free.
If you would like more information about
the Marion Woodward Lecture please
contact The Office for Nursing Research at
822-7453 or ONR@nursing.ubc.ca.
TOUCHPOINTS Development
Salutes
OQ Years
This year, the School of Nursing's
fundraising priorities focus on celebrating
our long tradition of excellence in
nursing, our move toward having a global
influence, and our continual goal for
program excellence.
To celebrate the School of Nursing's 80th
Anniversary, we have established the 80th
Anniversary Scholarship Fund. This fund
will be used to help attract the best and
brightest prospects to our nursing program.
We have also established the Guru Nanak
College of Nursing Partnership Fund.
This excellent partnership is described in
detail on page 6 in this edition of
Touchpoints.
The Katherine McMillan Director's Fund
provides assistance in a number of ateas
such as travel assistance so students may
attend professional meetings, funding for
special equipment needs in the Learning
Resource Centre, and funding for student
research projects.
For further information on fundraising
projects and donations please contact
Rob Appleton at 822-0603 or
rappleton@apsc.ubc.ca
Xi Eta: Part of
a Tradition
It is an honor for Xi Eta Chapter of Sigma
Theta Tau International to join others in
extended congratulations to the University
of British Columbia, School of Nursing on
the occasion of its 80th Anniversary. The
School took a bold step ten years ago in
initiating steps to develop a UBC Honors
Society of Nursing, the beginnings of Xi
Eta. We are proud of our heritage and
wish the School of Nursing more success
in the provincial, national, and international leadership it has shown in the
past eight decades.
Heather F. Clarke, RN, PhD
President Xi Chapter, Sigma Theta Tau
International Times to Remember
1919-1928
UBC opens the first degreed nursing program in the British Empire in
1919, with Ethel Johns as head of the Department. The following year, a
Diploma program sponsored by the Red Cross in response to growing
public health needs graduates 26 nurses. Canada's first three baccalaureate
degrees in nursing were awarded in 1923. The UBC Nurses' Club (an
early alumni group) is organized during this decade, as is the Science
Girls' Club for undergraduate nurses (an early form of the Nursing
Undergraduate Society).
Nursing class at UBC Fairpiew site (now
VGH), early 1920s. (UBC Special
Collections)
Marjone (Staniforth) Wisby,
BASc(N) 1941.
(Courtesy Canadian Public Health
Association)
1929-1938
Mabel Gray, who took over as Director in 1925, and
Margaret Kerr, the other full-time nursing faculty, oversee
the program. They consolidate the program despite
pressures during the difficult Depression years. Emphasis
is placed on psychiatric/mental health nursing and
prevention of tuberculosis. Classes include drivers
training and motor mechanics.
1939-1948
During this decade, World War II and resulting nursing
shortages place strains on the program under the new
Director Evelyn Mallory. Post-war boom makes other
demands, as returning veterans flood the campus and
faculty must teach in converted army huts. During their
hospital years, UBC students learn to place emphasis on
patient needs rather than just disease and technique.
Their teachers emphasize family health.
Mabel Gray (right) and Margaret Kerr.
1933. (UBC SoN Nursing Archival
Collections)
1949-1958
The nursing program achieves independent status as a School (rather
than a Department) in 1951- British Columbia faces a major polio
epidemic in 1954 and UBC nursing renews emphasis on prevention
and immunization. In 1958, UBC takes full control of the undergraduate program and severs its long-standing 'combined course'
with Vancouver General Hospital. Curriculum undergoes major revisions.
Students demonstrating use of'iron lung'for care of polio patients,
1955. (UBC SoN Nursing Archival Collections)
TOUCHPOINTS Keri Miles (left) and Chelsea Young at
Spring Convocation, 1995.
1989-1999
A new collaborative program with
the Vancouver General Hospital
School of Nursing starts in 1989
and lasts until VGH closes its
program in 1998. Increasing
emphasis on nursing research leads
to the opening of a Research Unit.
The doctoral program admits its
first Ph.D. Nursing students in
1991 and UBC awards its first honorary doctorate to a UBC nursing
graduate. Katharyn May becomes
director in July 1994. The School
initiates an innovative Multiple
Entry Option (MEO) program.
Celebrating |p
jfi   UBC Nursing
Sfc
NUS students painting the Engineers'
cairn during Engineering Week 1985.
(Courtesy of Kris Gustavson)
1979-1988
Major curriculum revision is done under the new
Director Marilyn Willman, who arrived in 1977; the
'2 + 2 ladder' is discontinued and a four-year basic
baccalaureate is initiated. Faculty structure is reorganized
and students are represented on all standing committees.
'BSN Outreach' via the Knowledge Network begins and
the Learning Resource Centre is established.
1969-1978
Beth McCann initiates the first Marion Woodward
Lecture to celebrate the School's 50th Anniversary. Muriel
Uprichard becomes the Director in 1971 and curriculum
undergoes major revisions with the introduction of the
'ladder concept' and the 'UBC Model for Nursing'. The
Public Health Nursing Diploma Course is closed and a
degree is considered the basis for all public health work.
take a new look
-
Helen Mussallem (right) inaugurates
lecture series named in honor of
Marion Woodward (centre), Beth
McCann (left), (UBC SoN Nursing
Archival Collections)
Capping ceremony, UBC class 1962. (UBC SoN Nursing Archival
Collections)
1959-1968
St. Paul's Hospital provides main clinical experiences, but students are
supervised and taught by UBC faculty. Residence living becomes an
option rather than the norm. Evelyn Mallory retires in 1967 and Beth
McCann becomes Acting Director. Courses become more accessible to
British Columbia nurses through continuing education. The Master's
degree in Nursing begins in 1968.
Compiled by Glennis Zilm and Ethel Warbanek.
TOUCHPOINTS   |    5 nil ti 1       Partnership with the
GlobalKeaCli:   Cum Nanak College
of Nursing
In 1984 Mr. Budh Singh Dhahan's dream came true. With help of supporters, he opened a 40-hed
hospital in the Dhahan-Kaleran region of Punjab. It has since grown to 250 inpatient beds. A strong
s
supporter of improving peoples lives through community-based health care and education, Mr. Dhahan's
vision did not stop there. In 1993, he opened The Guru Nanak College of Nursing offering a diploma
program. Since 1998, students at Guru Nanak have had the option to enroll in a baccalaureate
program as well.
The development of health care in India
has been slow and uneven and in most
areas there is inadequate primary health
care. Although India has a national
School of Nursing faculty member Janet Ericksen
at the Taj Mahal.
health policy, each state—and there are 26
of them-is responsible for developing a
system of health care delivery. The limited
financial resources that are available tend
to be allocated to urban areas despite the
fact that 74% of the population of Punjab
live in rural areas.
Mr. Dhahan's vision to help the poor and
less educated people of his homeland is
6     |    TOUC H P 0 I N T S
encompassing. Students at the Guru
Nanak College of Nursing are not only
pursing dreams of their own; they are
also helping the community in ways it
has never been helped before. Graduates
of the school serve a population of
approximately 200,000 which includes
five rural districts. Nurses are primarily
faced with communicable diseases such as
malaria, tuberculosis, chickenpox,
typhoid, and acute upper respiratory
infections, in addition to a host of
nutritional deficiencies and other problems associated with povetty.
Mr. Dhahan's vision also has a global
reach. The Canada-India Guru Nanak
Medical & Educational Society, an
organization Mr. Dhahan established,
approached UBC's School of Nursing in
1997 to discuss a possible partnership
between the two schools. After UBC
faculty visited India last spring, a partnership was approved between UBC's School
of Nursing, the Guru Nanak College of
Nursing, and the Guru Nanak Dev
University in Amritsar in June 1998. An
agreement was signed in September 1998.
With this partnership UBC's School of
Nursing will work with the Guru Nanak
College of Nursing to help them create an
internationally recognized baccalaureate
nursing program in Dhahan-Kaleran.
The partnership work is extensive and is
overseen by an Advisory Committee made
up of faculty, society members, and
community nurses. Its guiding principals
are to design a curriculum that prepares
practitioners to meet the health care needs
of the community they serve, to design a
curriculum that is flexible enough to meet
the changing needs of the community, and
to outline specific knowledge and skills
that are required of the graduates. Guru
Nanak's facilities, their faculty's current
skills, and the local criteria for nurse
registration must also be taken into
consideration. The partnership with UBC
will foster the development of nursing
education, practice, and research in both
countries, as well as promote international
relationships.
In May 1999, the UBC School of Nursing
and the Guru Nanak Medical &
Educational Society co-hosted a
Celebration of Partnership event at First
Nations House of Learning to formally
recognize the partnership. Representatives
from both the Canadian and Indian sides
of the partnership were present, along with
approximately 300 members of the Indo-
Canadian community. This fall, a team of
UBC Nursing faculty will travel to India
to begin working on teaching strategies
and curriculum revisions.
As with everything else, projects like this
cost time and money. The School of
Nursing has set up a number of funds to
create bursaries for the Guru Nanak
College and to help cover project fees. If
you would like to make a donation please
contact Robert Appleton, Senior
Development Officer for the School of
Nursing at 822-0603.
With Regret...
The School of Nursing sadly
acknowledges the passing of
faculty member, Lynda Anderson,
after a long bout with cancer.
Lynda taught at the School of
Nursing for seven years. She is
survived by her husband John, two
sons Paul and John, and her two
rand-daughters Torey and Taylor.
Lynda will be greatly missed by
her friends and colleagues at the
School of Nursing. Canada's  pITSt
Baby-Friendly Hospital
A first in Canada! The Breastfeeding Committee for Canada (BCC) announced in July that it
has designated the Brome-Missisquoi-Perkins Hospital in Cowansville, Quebec, the first Baby-
Friendly Hospital in Canada. The BMP Hospital joins nearly 15,000 Baby-Friendly Hospitals
worldwide.
This designation signifies that the BMP Hospital has fulfilled the Ten Steps to Successful
Breastfeeding. The assessment process is prescribed by the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly
Hospital Initiative (BFHI), a worldwide program to protect, promote, and support breastfeeding.
Hospitals designated as Baby-Friendly must train all staff on breastfeeding policies, inform all
pregnant mothers about the benefits and management of breastfeeding, and help new mothers
with the process. Baby-Friendly hospitals put first and foremost the interests, health, and well-
being of infants and mothers.
Since 1991, UNICEF has worked to create Baby-Friendly health care facilities throughout the
world. In Canada the BCC, the national authority for the BFHI, made the
initiative its primary activity in 1996. In early 1999, the BCC received a grant of $266,380 from
Population Health, Health Canada to assist in bringing this process to all Canadian provinces
and territories.
Several other Canadian hospitals are close to requesting assessment for Baby-Friendly status and
many others are working on the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding; compliance with which is
required for designation.
For more information, contact Dr. Roberta J. Hewat at 822-7464 or hewat@unixg.ubc.ca.
Networking™*
Nursins AlUmill
The UBC Nursing Alumni Division has a goal. A goal to be a part of your life. Always an active
force in supporting and promoting former and present students, the Nursing Alumni is reaching
out. We are dedicated to fostering links between alumni, students, and faculty and by doing so,
we provide excellent networking for professional development and socializing.
Through existing programs like mentoring and career guidance, the UBC Nursing Alumni have
shown their commitment to nursing students, graduates, and the nursing community. Alumni
support the goals of the Nursing Undergraduate Society and they are looking at ways to encourage first and second year nursing students to become active in the association and the School of
Nursing.
We'd like you to join us for this year's events. On October 2, everyone is welcome to the School
of Nursing's Open House hosted by the School of Nursing and Nursing Alumni. Meet us at
UBC Hospital (Koerner Pavilion, 3rd floor) from 12-4 p.m. On October 21, Alumni are co-
sponsoring the annual Marion Woodward Lecture and Reception at the Instructional Resource
Centre at which time 53 nursing student mentors will be acknowledged. Planning is underway
for April 2000 for an event at Cecil Green that will feature our nursing colleagues discussing
innovative practices in health care. And May 11, 2000 has already been set aside for the School of
Nursing's 80th Anniversary Celebration Dinner. Many Nursing Alumni and friends of the School
of Nursing will be in attendance.
If you would like more information or are interested in getting involved with the UBC Nursing
Alumni Division, contact Cathy Ebbehoj at 822-7468 or ebbehoj@nursing.ubc.ca, or call the
UBC Nursing Alumni Information line at 822-7269.
The Times of
Our Lives
1919
UBC's Faculty of Applied Science establishes
the Department of Nursing and Health in collaboration with Vancouver General Hospital.
1920
Diploma program in Public Health Nursing
1923
Bachelor of Science in Nursing degrees are
awarded to the School of Nursing's first thr<
graduates'. To date, 4515 students have
received undergraduate degrees in nursing.
1930
Beginning of double degree program.
Students receive a Bachelor of Arts degree
and a Bachelor of Applied Science in Nursing
degree. The program is discontinued in 1950.'
Department of Nursing and Health is
renamed the School of Nursing. Bachelor of
Science in Nursing degree replaced the
Bachelor of Applied Science in Nursing
degree.
1958
The UBC/VCH combined program ends and
the School of Nursing becomes independent.
Master of Science in Nursing degree prograr
begins. Since its inception. 444 students hav
graduated from the MSN program.
1969
50th Anniversary of the School of Nursing.
The first Marion Woodward lecture is held ai
has continued annually since.
1973
The Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree
program is shortened from five to four year
The diploma program in Public Health
Nursing comes to a close.
The School of Nursing's research unit opens
at UBC Hospital. A UBC/VGH collaborative
program is initiated. The program is discontinued in 1998 and the School of Nursing at
VGH no longer exists.
1991
Doctorate program in Nursing begins with the
enrollment of two students. 1997 saw the first
graduates of the program and since then,
eight PhDs have been awarded.
1998
Last graduating class of the collaborative
UBC/VGH program. Multiple Entry Option
program begins. So far, 163 students have
enrolled in the MEO program.
1999
The School of Nursing celebrates their 80th
Anniversary. CONGRATULATIONS
UP - COMING     EVENTS
FACULTY   AWARDS
• E. Carty
Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship for a one-
month residency at the foundation's Study
and Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy.
• W. Hall
New Investigator Award from the Canadian
Association for Nursing Research.
EXTERNAL
GRANTS
RESEARCH
• J. Bottorff (PI), P. Ratner, T. Hack,
K. Chalmers, L. Balneaves, J. Buxton,
M. McCullum
Perceptions and information needs related to
genetic testing for breast cancer risk.
Medical Research Council of Canada,
$50,000.
• C Lovato (PI), J. Johnson, P. Ratner,
J. Shoveller, L. Baillie
Tobacco use among youth. Exploring the
transition from experimentation to regular
smoking. National Cancer Institute of
Canada, $116,643.
• P. Ratner (PI), J. Johnson,
J. Bottorff, B. Budz, D. Fofonoff,
M. Mackay, K. Kingsbury, C. Miller,
S. Barr
The efficacy of a smoking-cessation intervention program for elective-surgical patients.
National Cancer Institute of Canada,
$202,173.
INTERNAL
RESERACH
STUDENT
AWARDS
• S. Reimer Kirkham
The social organization of inter-group
relations in health care provisions.
Winner of the St. Paul's Hospital
Nursing Research Division Doctoral
Student Research Competition, $5,000.
Supervisor: Dr. J. Anderson
KATHERINE  MCMILLAN
DIRECTOR'S
DISCRETIONARY  FUND
• C. Ebbehoi
Concerns of postpartum women who
have experienced a high-risk pregnancy,
$1,000.
Supervisor: Dr. R. Hewat
• K. Kingsbury
Correlates of coronary angioplasty and
patients' perceptions of risk, $1,265.
Supervisor: Dr. P. Ratner
• V. MacDonald
Evaluation of a pain management program for the frail, older adult following
repair of a hip fracture, $1,000.
Supervisor: Dr. A. Hilton
• G. McPherson
Exploring nurses' perceptions of preserving children's personal integrity, $1,127.
Supervisor: Dr. S. Thorne
LOGAN     M.      FINDLAY
FUND
• B. Moffat
The meaning of nicotine dependence
among teenage girls, $1,097.
Supervisor: Dr. J. Johnson
• S. SECORD
The methods, techniques, and practices
women use to protect their children from
environmental tobacco smoke, $1,200.
Supervisor: Dr J. Johnson
For further information on supporting
student research and donation opportunities
please contact Robert Appleton, Senior
Development Officer for the School of
Nursing at 822-0603 or
rappleton @apsc. ubc. ca.
October 2, 1999; 900-1600
Alumni Day
Topical discussions, showcases, campus tours, alui
ni lunch to honour UBC Alumni, and School of
Nursing anniversary celebrations. Meet everyone at
Cecil Green. Admission is free. Contact the Alumni
October 21, 1999; 1900-2000
Marion Woodward Lecture
Determining the Effectiveness of Hospital Reforms: The
Science of Outcomes Research
Dr. Julie Sochalski, PhD, FAAN, RN, from the
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing will be
speaking at the Woodward Instructional Resource
Centre, Lecture Hall 2. Admission is free. Contact The
Office for Nursing Research at 822-7453 or
onr@ nursing, ubc.ca
October 28, 1999
Xi Eta Fall Dinner
Special guest, RNABC Health Advocacy Award Winner
Liz Evans. Celebrated for her outstanding contributions to the Portland Hotel Society in downtown
Vancouver. Contact Xi Eta at 736-7331 for more details.
February 24-27, 2000
CAUSN Conference
Celebrating Achievements/Embracing Challenges
The Canadian Association of University Schools of
Nursing is hosting this conference. Registration fee.
Contact Cheryl Entwistle at 822-74/19 or
cntwistle@nursing.ubc.ca, or check oul the National
Nurse Educators' Conference web site at
http://www.nursing.ubc.ca/docs/causn.html.
May n, 2000
80th Anniversary Celebration Dinner.
Mark this evening off in your calendars. Details will be
printed in the Spring/Summer issue of Touchpoints.
May 2000
Nursing Week,
Look for details in
ing/Sumrner issue 01
1999/2000 Nursing Rounds
For an updated schedule check out the School of
Nursing's web site www.nursing.ubc.ca, or contai
the Office for Nursing Research at 822-7453.
Touchpoints is published by the School
of Nursing, Faculty of Applied Science
University of British Columbia
Editor and Writer: Karen Aplin-Payton,
Communications Coordinator, School
of Nursing, UBC
Design:
Tandem Design Associates Ltd.
Production: lype & Design, ITServices, UBC
Printer: A.K.A. Rhine
:press &. Print
The School of Nursing
T201-2211 Wesbrook Ma
Vancouver, BC, V6T 2B5
604.822.7466
TH/nK
About \t.
ubc niuRSinic

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.touchpoints.1-0115933/manifest

Comment

Related Items