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UBC Publications

Nursing Today Nov 1, 1981

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The Interdisciplinary Research Sym-
Eoslum in the Health Sciences, sponsored
y the School of Nursing and held Oct.
23, 1981, was "highly successful," reports Dr. Marilyn Willman, director of
the School.
"We were pleased with the turnout,
which brought together members from various faculties across the campus as well
as about 20 representatives from community health agencies," she said following
the conference.
More than 100 were in the audience
for the opening address by Dr. Arthur
Klelnman, professor and head, division of
cultural psychiatry, and adjunct professor of anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle.
Dr. Klelnman, a noted medical anthropologist, spoke on the value of using
clinically applied anthropological concepts in looking at health care in today's modern world. He has been reviewing recent research to see whether the
material can help those who deliver
health care to give it better.
Research has shown that patients and
their families have different concepts
than health workers about what kinds of
care should be given, he said in his address.
"Patients are more concerned with
the personal and social significance of
an illness, that is, with the life aspects of the Illness. Health workers are
more concerned with the biomedical and
physiological processes. The patients
want to know how to manage their illness;
the health workers are more concerned
with fixing the disease."
Dr. Nancy Waxier, associate professor In the department of health care and
epidemiology at UBC, also spoke at the
symposium. She noted that her research
In Sr1 Lanka and 1n Boston has shown that
a society seems to produce "its own kind
of disease, a kind of Illness that fits
the system."
"Societal expectations about the
illness affect the outcomes," she said.
Patricia Porterfield, Mental Health
Nurse Clinician at Lions Gate Hospital,
reported on her recent research on clients diagnosed as schizophrenics and living 1n the community. She said health
workers should be doing more social sciences research into how patients understand the directives for and comply with
the directions for taking medications at
Dr. Joan Anderson, assistant professor in the School of Nursing and the organizer of the conference, said the application and use of social science research 1n the health disciplines is vital. It offers new opportunities for dialogue within the university and within
health care agencies.
"We hope we can offer more such seminars in the future," she said.
The largest ever class of "returning
RNs" has joined the UBC School of Nursing. Seventy-five Registered Nurses who
had completed basic nursing education and
prerequisite courses have joined the
four-year basic baccalaureate program at
the beginning of third year.
Janet Ericksen, co-ordinator for
Nursing 302, said two of the 75 are baccalaureate students completing basic
nursing qualifications before entering
the graduate program.
School of Nursing
University of British Columbia
IRC 338, 2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, B.C.    V6T 1W5
Glennls Zilm, editor
Vol. 3, No. 2
November 1981 A profile of students entering N.
302, prepared by third-year instructor
Louise Tenn, shows that the average age
of the RNs is 30.4 years and the average
length of nursing employment before entering the program was 4.9 years.
"A significant change in this year's
class is that the group is more mature
and the experience is greater," said Ms.
Ericksen. "A number have had quite a bit
of managerial experience as well as considerable experience in health care settings."
This fall, a slightly larger number
of the post-RN students came from community nursing settings, including one nurse
from a small health unit 1n rural Saskatchewan where she was the only health
worker in the area, Ms. Ericksen said.
Some nurses 1n the class also have worked
in health care agencies in developing nations.
The significance for the UBC School
of Nursing, and for the health care community generally, is that this group of
students represents a core of mature nurses who are returning to nursing education programs because they have identified a need for more education, said
"They are not just here for a degree, for a piece of paper that would
make a change in jobs easier," she said.
"Instead, they are here because they want
to learn more about the trends in modern
health care and take the advances back to
the kinds of settings they already worked
Profile of N 302 Students
No. of files reviewed:        72
Average age of RNs        30.4 years
-- in their 20s 56.9*
~ in their 30s 34.8%
— in their 40s  8.3*
Average years of work:      4.9 years
~ less than 1 year  9.7*
— 1-5 years      43.1*
~ more than 5 years 47.2*
Work setting
— hospital 88.9*
— community health    11.1*
A research tool developed by a UBC
Nursing Research Team is being used by
the University of California at San Francisco 1n a new nursing masters' and doctoral program.
The tool was developed as part of
"Project Family Focus," a research study
funded by the B.C. Health Care Research
Foundation. Professor Clarissa Green of
the UBC School of Nursing and Barbara
Warren of the B.C. Cancer Control Agency
are principal investigators for the
jointly-sponsored project.
The tool was developed especially
for exploring family reactions when a
member is diagnosed for and treated for
cancer, Prof. Green said. However, the
tool is useful for exploring reactions in
the family that accompany any crisis situation and the researchers hope that
others will use it in research as well.
"Project Family Focus is looking into the ways families react to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer," she said in
an Interview. "The project involves 19
surgeons in the Lower Mainland who are r-
eferring a total of 60 families."
Families are interviewed twice about
household routines and support services,
she said. The interviews take place
four-to-eight weeks after surgery and
about six months postoperatively. Work
on the project is expected to be completed in about 18 months.
Working on the project with Prof.
Green and Mrs. Warren are Research Associate Mary Adlersberg, Statistician Dr.
Mark Starr and three nurse interviewers.
A report on the project was presented at the 1981 American Cancer Society's Cancer Nursing Research Conference
in Seattle in August. Another report
will be given at the National Nursing Research Conference in Victoria in April.
On December 21, 1981, it will have
been just over one year since the sudden
death of our friend and colleague, Sheena
Davidson, assistant professor in the
School of Nursing. The growth of the Nursing Research
Fund established in her name has been
gratifying. The current total is just
over $8,700 — almost halfway to our goal
of $20,000. Donations are much appreciated, as are faculty inquiries about her
The children have resumed active
physical, social and scholastic lives.
Karina has returned for her second year
at Queen's University. Bruce completed
Grade 12 and is helping friends in the
Cariboo build a barn. In December, he
will be having surgery to remove the
plates from the long bones of his legs
and he discarded his cane months ago.
For him, college or university in the
Spring Term is a possibility. Ross is
fully involved in Grade 12 at school,
with sports and in playing his drums.
Grandfather 01 of Davidson has taken
on the role of both mother and father
since Grandmother McGibbon left for her
own home in early August. He is carrying
out his culinary, handyman and executor
responsibilities competently, as well as
providing a warm, quiet atmosphere for
the children. He feels lonely at times
for his friends in Mountainview, Alberta,
but is enjoying the opportunity to be
with the family.
The children have expressed a wish
to be at home for Christmas this year and
some of their relatives will be joining
them here.
Since her death, three of Prof.
Davidson's articles have appeared and a
paper she had prepared was read on her
behalf at a recent conference in San
Francisco. (The publications are listed
in this month's In Print column.)
Additional brochures about the
Sheena Davidson Nursing Research Fund are
available through the School of Nursing
Office. We urge you to pass these along
to your friends.
-- Donelda Ellis, Assistant Professor
UBC School of Nursing
Dorothy Y. Kilgour, senior lecturer
1n nursing studies, Glasgow College of
Technology, Scotland, spent a week in
late October with UBC Nursing Faculty observing Canadian teaching methods. Ms.
Kilgour was visiting Canada on a World
Health Organization Fellowship and arranged to visit only UBC and the University of Toronto. The visits were co-ordinated through the Department of Health
and Welfare in Ottawa.
Ms. Kilgour was particularly Interested in use of nursing models in educational programs for nurses. She spent
several hours with UBC faculty discussing
the new "UBC Model of Nursing," which was
developed by UBC faculty and is in use in
the school. Glasgow College is just beginning to explore use of models.
As well, she spent some time with
Professor Elizabeth Robertson observing
care given by student nurses on wards in
the Acute Care Unit. She also observed
student practice sessions in the Learning
Centre, ACU.
UBC's Nursing students earned the
title "Biggest Drips on Campus" in mid-
October when they proved that nurses are
always willing to bleed for a good
Nineteen per cent of the nursing
student body donated blood during the Red
Cross Blood Drive, the largest percentage
of any student group on campus. The
Nursing Undergraduate Society received
the "Challenge Cup" awarded by the undergraduate societies.
The drive, which was sponsored by
the UBC Engineers, set a provincial record for the most blood donated in one
place in any one week.
As well as the Challenge Cup, NUS
received $875 put up by the undergraduate
societes participating in the drive. The
money has been donated to the NUS charity, the Muscular Dystrophy Foundation.
Nursing must strive for a better,
more balanced relationship between research, education and practice, speakers
told delegates to an international con- ference in Scotland. As well, nursing research must be made more relevant to
those in practice.
These were two of the main themes of
a conference titled "Research -- A Base
for the Future?" sponsored by the Department of Nursing Studies, University of
Edinburgh, September 22-25.
Dr. Joan Anderson, UBC Nursing, was
a speaker at the four-day conference, and
reported back that about 250 delegates
from Great Britain, Europe, North America
and Hong Kong had gathered for the meeting.
Canadian nursing was well represented on the program, with 12 other Canadians also presenting papers.
Dr. Anderson reported that a paper
by Dr. Moyra Allen, National Health Scientist and director of the research unit,
school of nursing, Mc 6111 University,
Montreal, was particularly well received.
Dr. Allen described the organization of
nursing programs at McGill and how research questions currently being addressed there related to the conceptual
model for nursing used at McGill.
Dr. Anderson's paper dealt with the
two distinctive theoretical perspectives
affecting nursing research today. She
stressed that the social sciences perspective is bringing a new focus to nursing research, which has been dominated by
the empirical, natural sciences perspective.
Some conference participants expressed interest in organizing a research
conference for summer 1982, Dr. Anderson
said on her return. The week before the
International Nursing Conference to be
held in Sweden was suggested.
UBC Nursing Professor Linda G.
Leonard was one of six health professionals from across Canada to be invited
to participate in the first session of a
special, year-long, multidisplinary examination of nutritional needs of pregnant
The session, held in Montreal, was
sponsored by the federal health department. Health Minister Monique Begin met
with the six-member group to express the
government's concerns about perinatal nutrition.
Focus for the three-week conference
was nutrition in pregnancy, Prof. Leonard
said on her return. The group discusssed
nutritional needs throughout pregnancy
and in the perinatal period. The mother's diet shows marked effects on the
baby at birth and in infancy.
Prof. Leonard, currently on leave,
.will be incorporating some of the findings of the session in two articles to be
released early next year.
Seven sessions, each with six health
care workers participating, are planned
for the 1981-82 year. Prof. Leonard was
one of only five or six nurses who will
take part.
JOCELYN BENNETT, fourth year nursing
student, was organizer and chairman of
planning for the UBC Student Leadership
Conference held in September at Camp El-
phinstone. The annual conference brings
together student leaders from every faculty on campus. This is the second
straight year that a nursing student has
had the honor -- and all the work — of
the planning. Delegates congratulated
Ms. Bennett on a job well done.
SHIRLEY BRANDT, assistant professor
in the School of Nursing and director of
Continuing Nursing Education, Continuing
Education in the Health Sciences, was a
speaker at the closing day of a course
"Epidemiology for the Infection Control
Team" in San Francisco in mid-October.
Prof. Brandt helped develop the
first certificate program in the United
States, in 1974, to prepare infection
control nurses and this is a continuation
of that program. The courses, which involve three weeks of classes spread over
a period of several months of study and
research projects, have been sponsored by
the University of California, San Diego.
This was the first program to be offered outside San Diego and was given in San
Francisco at the request of the nurses in
the area.
Taking part in the course are nurses, physicians and microbiologists working in infection control areas. The
course may be offered next year in Los
Angeles and in 1983 in Denver. Text for
the course j§ Epidemiology for the Infection Control Nurse, of which Prof. Brandt
is a co- author.
ADA BUTLER will be giving a one-day
workshop on "Coping With Stress" for
health professionals on Nov. 14, 1981.
The course 1s part of the UBC School of
Nursing Continuing Nursing Education program. It will be given at ACU Room 295
(3rd floor). For further information:
Continuing Nursing Education.
ROBERTA HEWAT has been named to the
program committee for a four-day international meeting of the Nurses' Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG) in Vancouver in September of 1982. Theme for
the meeting, which will bring together
nurses from western regions of North America, is "Accountability through Nursing
Practice." Program plans call for general sessions and smaller, concurrent workshop meetings of interest to nurses working in obstetrics, gynecology, neonatology or community health settings as well
as to nursing administrators, educators
and researchers.
MURAKAMI as one of the representatives
for the Faculty of Applied Science on the
UBC Senate. Prof. Holmes had been runner-up to Prof. Murakami in the faculty
elections last Spring.
CAROL JILLINGS attended the annual
meeting and scientific sessions of the
Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses, held jointly with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society, in Montreal during
the last week of October. Prof. Jillings
is a member of the executive committee
and board of management of CCCN and is
chairman of the association's continuing
education committee. In September she
was re-elected for another two-year term
as provincial director for B.C. for the
group and, as such, will be a member of
the Board of Directors of the B.C. Heart
TERE ROSTWOROWSKI, manager of the
Nursing Office, leaves on vacation at the
end of November and will be away until
January 25th. She's off to visit her
family in Lima, Peru.
SHELAGH SMITH, MSN student, has had
a paper accepted for presentation to the
Health Sciences Student Research Day on
November 5. PAT PORTERFIELD, who recently completed the MSN program, also will
be presenting a paper at the Research
Day, which brings together students from
all the health sciences disciplines.
LOUISE TENN, third-year faculty member, is in hospital with a compound fracture of her arm following a home accident
and will be away from the School for an
extended period.
PAT VALENTINE, currently on leave,
is recovering from chemonucleolysis therapy for her back pain. The chymopapain
treatment was carried out in Shaughnessy
Hospital in late October. She reports
her progress so far as "good."
SHEENA DAVIDSON and LINDA LEONARD. "Appearance, Behavior and Capabilities:
Teaching New Parents Infant ABC's." The
Canadian Nurse. Vol. 77, No. 2, February
1981, pp. 37-39.
SHEENA DAVISON. "Smoking and Alcohol
Consumption: Advice Given by Health Care
Professionals." Journal of Obstetric.
Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing. Vol.
10, No. 4, July/August 1981, pp. 256-
DAVIDSON. "Changes in Alcohol Consumption After Childbirth." Journal of Advanced Nursing. Vol. 6, No. 3, May 1981,
pp. 156-198.
GORDON, ILEN TANZ. "Inroads in Consumer
Participation." The Canadian Nurse. Vol.
77, No. 8, September 1981, pp. 38-42.
GLORIA and SALLY THORNE. "Clinical Day
Anxiety Syndrome: Help!" Imprint. Vol.
28, No. 3, September 1981, pp. 20, 64-
CAROL JILLINGS. "Teaching School-Age
Children About Cardiovascular Health."
Bulletin of the Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. Vol. 5, No. 4, Summer
1981, pp. 3-13. (Also translated into
French for the same Bulletin.)
LINDA G. LEONARD. "Postpartum Depression
and Mothers of Infant Twins." Maternal -
Child Nursing Journal. Vol. 10, No. 2,
Summer 1981, pp. 99-109.
November 5-6, 1981
Faculty Inservice Program. Dr. Fay
Bower, professor and chairperson, San
Jose State University, California, is
guest speaker at a two-day workshop on
Innovative Teaching Strategies. Cecil
Green Park, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
For more information: Ada Butler,
UBC, local 82-7457.
Thursday, November 19, 1981
Research Colloquium, UBC School of Nursing. Acute Care Unit Rooms 187-188.
Topic: "The Process of Gaining Approval
from Local Agencies to do Research."
For more  information:  Dr.  Mark
Starr, UBC, local 82-7502.
November 25-27, 1981
National Nurse Administrators Forum,
Ottawa. Sponsored by the Canadian Nurses
Association. Theme: Power and Responsibility. Opening address by Doris Anderson, past president Advisory Council on
the Status Women and former editor of
For Information, see September Issue
of The Canadian Nurse or write Alberta
Casey, CNA 50 The Driveway, Ottawa K2P
December 3, 1981
UBC Nursing Student-Faculty "Pub Night."
Date is definite, and place is tentatively SUB Room 207-209 at about 7 p.m. This
Is an excellent opportunity for faculty
and students to get together informally
over food and drink and faculty are urged
to attend.
For information: NUS Office, local
September 20-23, 1982
NAACOG MEETING. Nurses' Association of
the American College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists, Bayshore Inn, Vancouver.
Theme: "Accountability." Meeting will
feature general sessions and concurrent
workshop meetings of interest to obstetrical, gynecological, neonatal and community health nurses and to nurse administrators, educators and researchers.
For more information, see Roberta
Hewat, UBC School of Nursing.
The Canadian Nurses Association has
issued a "Call for Clinical Abstracts"
for papers to be presented to clinical
be held during the CNA Annual
St. John's, Newfoundland in
Abstracts will be reviewed by
committee and authors of pa-
sessions to
Meeting in
June 1982.
a selections
pers judged to be of an innovative nature
and of general interest will be asked to
present papers. Deadline for abstracts
is Dec. 15, 1981.
For further Information, check with
Glennis Zilm, UBC School of Nursing.


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