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UBC Publications

The 432 Feb 10, 1988

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 UBC ******
The Discovery Foundation
The British Columbia Science and
Engineering Awards were established
in 1980 by the Science Council of
British Columbia to increase public
awareness of the achievements made
by scientists and engineers in this
province. A maximum of three gold
medals is awarded each year.
Nominations in four categories ~
Natural Sciences, Health Sciences, Applied Science and Industrial Innovation - were sent in from all over the
province and beyond. They were
judged by a blue-ribbon committee of
scientists, engineers, business people
and former award winners, chaired
by Dr. Erich Vogt, Director of TRIUMF.
The winners are:
Derek Barnes, Mark Churchland
and Walter Schilling of MacMillan
Bloedel, for the invention and
development of Parallam parallel
strand lumber.
Dr. Peter Hochachka, of the
University of British Columbia's Zoology Department, for his contributions
to our understand of how animals survive in conditions of low or absent
Dr. Roy Nodwell, former head of
the Physics Department at the
University of British Columbia, for
his contributions to "technology trans-
S*  - A,
fer," the process of commercializing
certain university research.
Dr. Peter W. Hochachka - Zoology
Few scientists have the imagination and determination to develop entirely new lines of research. Peter
Hochachka has. He is recognized
throughout the world for having discovered biochemical mechanisms
used by animals to survive extreme
environmental conditions.
Both in his campus laboratory
and on location in Hawaii, the
Amazon, Antarctica and elsewhere,
Dr. Hochachka has developed and
refined physiological and biochemical
techniques. His studies of how certain
animals protect their cells and tissues
against hypoxia have enabled him to
show that in low-oxygen situations,
the cells of these animals radically
decrease their energy needs. They can
reduce their metabolic rate five to
twenty fold.
Not only has he opened up this
new area of study, but he has
generated intense scientific enthusiasm among his students and
postdoctoral fellows. Moreover, Dr.
Hochachka's work is widely acclaimed by medical researchers who
encounter problems of hypoxia in
human beings. He is in constant
demand as a lecturer at medical conferences and symposia.
Dr. Hochachka has written five
books, among them the widely acclaimed Living Without Oxygen,
published in 1980 by Harvard University Press. He has over, two ..hundred    .-
scientific papers to his credit.
Dr. Roy A. Nodwell
Universities are the foundation of
the knowledge process. Sometimes,
the new ideas that develop there form
the bases for new products and systems. Getting them out of the university research laboratory and into
commercial productions has become
known as technology transfer. One of
the first people in this province to
recognize the importance of technology transfer was Dr. Roy Nodwell,
Emeritus Professor of Physics at the
University of British Columbia.
Dr. Nodwell has been widely acclaimed for his pioneering research in
laser light scattering and light mixing.
Thanks to his energy and enthusiasm,
the plasma physics group he assembled within the university's
Physics Department has made significant contributions to new
knowledge. Perhaps even more important, he saw the commercial possibilities and encouraged his
colleagues and students to transfer
that and other technologies from their
laboratories into the marketplace. It
was thanks to Roy Nodwell that one
group established Vortek Industrie?
Ltd. in Vancouver. That firm markets
the world's brightest artificial light
source, the Vortek lamp. Another
commercially successful technology
that grew out of research in Roy
Nodwell's physics department was
the "light pipe" and the rapidly expanding firm that makes it, TIR Systems Ltd. Today, Roy Nodwell is
Chairman of the Board of both companies. Several other thriving technology-based companies can trace their
origins to his early enthusiasm a nd
Up and Running!
The Biological Sciences Society
(BioSoc) is up and running! Did you
know that the Zoology and Botany
undergraduate program will be
eliminated next year - these two
programs will be amalgamated into
the Biology program under the option of "Animal Biology" and "Plant
Biology". The Biology program will
now have seven options! If you want
to find out more about it or simply
want to know when the first Beer Garden is then come to the weekly meetings Tuesdays 12:30 in Biosciences
Bldg. 2449 or drop by the SUS
(Science Undergrad Society) office
and talk to Jean or phone Johan at
February 10, 1988 Issue #10 Patently Perfect
by Kyte R, Kirkwood
Working on a project or just hammering away under at* academic
mentor's critical eye, you may just In-
vent something. ..
An invention, as defined, by the
1953-54 Public Servant Inventions
Act is "Any new and useful art,
process, machine, manufacture or
cotrtpositiott of matter, or any r»ew
and: useful improvement in any art,
process, machine, manufacture, or
composition of matter"
The Canadian Patents and
Development. Litnited (CPDD acquirer most of its technologies
through govetftmerftagend.es such as
the National Research Council or by
special agreements with many universities and other institutions; in exchange for facilities, equipment, or
financial aid provided by the federal
government, either directly or indirectly.
The ownership of a patent is
determined if the inventor made his
discovery while acting as an
employee or with data accumulated,
while acting as an employee. The use
of federally granted facilities, equipment, or monies in whatever form
also cart negate the inventor's first
rights to patent ownership.
It seems clear that you should Collect the royalties, but the CPDL thinks
otherwise. TheCPDL's job is to
protect, market, and exploit Crbwn-
owned inventionsand failure to
report any Invention, Crown-owaed
or otherwise can result in six months
imprisonment and/or a $500 fine*
The Public Servants Act is quite
specific in stating that any Public Servant who invents something new
1) Inform the appropriate minister and fill out the appropriate paperwork.
2) File for patent in Canada,but
not outside of Canada without ministerial permissfon.
3) Inform the patent office the inventor is a public servant and/or had
any part or all of his research supported by the federal government
In doing so, the CPDL protects
the proprietary rights to a new technology by speeding mp the paperwork. In less than 90 days, the CPDL
can assess if an invention is unique by
comparing patent record in Canada
and around the world. By licensing
and developing new technologies Tor
commercial exploitation, the CPDL
controls piracy and other illegal practices such as unauthorized spin-offs,
By claiming the rights to ownership, the CPDL also protects the in*
ven tor from theft of his technology
and the inventor can look forward to
15% of the gross yearly payments
made to the CPDL by licensees- If the
Crown takes Ml possession of the
patent, the inventor often receives an
award for government service, which.
can total as much as $3000.
Gas Gun Explodes into New Scientific Frontier
UBC Community Relations
UBC soon will be the first university in Canada to literally explode
into new frontiers in material science
with a new Dynamic High Pressure
The facility will be build around
a gas gun - a hypervelocity projectile
launcher which, when discharged at
its target, produces a high-pressure
shock wave inducing high compression and extreme temperature. It is
one of the most effective devices
known to test the durability of
materials and minerals.
A potential user of the gas gun is
the aerospace industry, which wants
to use lighter materials for new
airplanes, according to Dr. Andrew
Ng, a UBC physicist who will head
the new facility.
'People always come up with
new industrial materials, but the
problem is how to test them," said
Ng. "We're creating conditions not
easily achieved by any other means."
The gas gun is approximately 18
feet long and works in two stages.
First, gunpowder is discharged,
firing a heavy piston down a tube
filled with hydrogen or helium gas.
The compressed gas produces a burst
of energy which accelerates a small
projectile down a barrel. The
projectile hits the target, which is
mounted on a plated at the end of the
The gas gun can simulate
temperatures and pressures from
deep within the centre of the earth,
where temperatures reach 6,000
degrees centigrade and atmospheric
pressure is nearly four million times
that on the earth's surface.
And industries like Vortek, a
UBC Spin-off company in Vancouver
which the Guinness Book of World
Records recognized for producing
the world's brightest light, want to
use it to develop stronger materials
that will withstand extreme heat and
pressure, making their products last
The facility will be funded by the
Natural Science and Engineering
Research Council of Canada
(NSERC) at nearly $700,000 over
three years.
by David Suzuki
Scientists work under tremendous pressure. The positions they
achieve among their peers, as well as
promotions, patents and prizes,
depend on a high output of research.
That means long hours spent
trying to stay at the cutting edge.
And, for the student, there is little
time to "waste" on history or the
philosophy of science.
Scientists study nature by focusing on part of it. By measuring and
controlling everything impinging on
and coming from an isolated fragment, scientists gain their insights.
The picture they derive is fractured and far from complete. When
applied, the manipulative powers
"It took several years until the significance of this discovery was
generally understood, but when the
Double Helix was published in 1953,
only fools did not realize that
genetics had virtually exploded.
"The speed of this development
left no time for looking back or for
regrets over the blood and tears that
had been spilled in the process.
"Scientists discuss George
Orwell's novels Animal Farm and
1984 and do not see that they themselves have created a universe which is
equally frightening. No secret police
force them to forget the past (as in
1984). They obliterate it themselves in
the marketplace of science. They
have come to believe that they have a
beautiful past, or perhaps no past at
science itself makes this easier, Dr.
Muller-Hill said. "Scientists observe
and analyze objects. An object is a
thing without rights. When a human
being becomes an object, he is nothing but a slave. What interests the
scientist is the answer to the question
he asks the object, but not the object's
own questions.
"In general, the scientist never
analyzes the whole object but only a
small part of it. Others dismember
the object, and he receives only one
part of it for his analysis.
"The answers that he expects
from the part he analyzes may be
numbers, DNA sequences or images.
This process of objectivization of the
whole world, and finally of oneself as
part of science, seems the main inter-
Human Issues Overlooked In Scientific Hunt For Clues
gained over fragments known only
under the microscope have unpredictable consequences. Thus, while
the scientific and technological
details of embryo transplantation or
genetic engineering are straightforward, the social and environmental
consequences of applying them are
Nevertheless, society, through
politicians, is increasing the pressure
on scientists to apply their incremental acquisitions of knowledge. Enormous rewards also accompany the
successful exploitation of a new discovery.
In this kind of climate, it is easy
to ignore regulations, ethical concerns, or environmental and social
considerations. History is the only experience we have to guide our actions as science leads us into
uncharted waters.
For biologists, Nazi Germany
provided important lessons that
might temper their rush to exploit
new ideas uncritically. But, according
to molecular biologist Benno Muller-
Hill in his article Genetics After
Auschwitz, there has been a systematic suppression and revision of
the history of science under the Nazis.
Dr. Muller-Hill provides an explanation of how this came about:
"Auschwitz had just reached its
highest destructive potential when
the paper appeared that showed
niSJA wag fhp hagir frpnpfif material
'The chapters of textbooks that
deal with genetics and society contain only a few sentences about Na
tional Socialism."
If history is not remembered,
could the scientific community be involved in horrors like those of Nazi
Germany again? Of course, although
undoubtedly in a different manifestation. Scientists are, above all else,
human beings, with all of the foibles,
idiosyncrasies and diversity found in
any other group of people.
Ambition, driving curiosity,
desire for power, financial security,
fear — there are many reasons why
people do what they do. And in the
current scramble to capitalize on the
enormous potential of genetic engineering, organ transplants and finding a cure for acquired immune
deficiency syndrome, individual
scientists have not been above cutting comers or compromising on ethical standards.
In part, the very methodology of
est and pleasure of the scientist's
brain. There is little place for other
things in the scientist's mind."
But, it is often countered, weren't
the people who carried out the
atrocities in Nazi Germany second-
rate intellectuals, mediocre but ambitious opportunists? Dr. Muller-Hill
disagrees: "It was not in the interest
of the Nazi elite that the sciences be
dominated by a mob of liars and charlatans. The Nazis needed functioning
science and technology to assist their
wars of robbery and destruction."
But could there be a repetition of
what was done by the Nazis? "The
killing of deficient newborn babies
between 1939 and 1945 has simply become anachronistic. Most geneticists
sincerely believe that here they have
created new values.
"They do not see that they appeal
to the forces of the market that state
that cost-efficiency considerations
make it advisable, for both parents
and state, to destroy the cost-inefficient embryo."
Dr. Muller-Hill's ideas are not
pleasant and he has encountered
naked hostility from his scientific
peers. But unless we hear him out
and dig out the bad as well as the
good in science's history, we will ensure that scientists continue to do terrible things for what seem to be the
highest reasons, just as their fellow
scientists did in the past.
The. 432/2 LETTERS
Dear Editor:
It has come to my attention that
the 432 has, albeit unwittingly I hope,
become a pawn of that most secretive
of evil orders, the Illuminati. Worse
still it has fallen to the most profligate
of Illuminati sub-orders, that of the
Black Hand.
I do not propose that the editors,
or even the staff of the 432 are mere
quislings. The emulous Hand is
capable of much that is misdirecting.
Take for instance the training of
magpies to repeat the phrase "Here
kitty, here Kitty-Kitty." Then clipping
the bird's flight feathers and releasing
them in the lion's cage at the Stanley
Park Zoo. Evil, pure and simple.
In       this   age      of
enlightenment, when we can send a
man (or woman) to the moon, or
build a better cup of decaffeinated
coffee you would think that
somebody could invent an ink that
does not smudge. Yet, each and every
issue of the 432 leaves my hands
covered in black.
It occurs to me that my black
hands may be the work of the Black
Hand therefore I submit for your
approval my hypothesis.
Hypothesis: The Black Hand has
covertly, or through some duplicity
replaced the 432's normal ink supply
with an hallucinogenic, mind altering
narcotic that induces the belief that
they do not exist.
Proof: I can't quite remember, but
as soon as the pink elephants come
back with my pizza and my research
notes, I'm sure it will all come back to
Sincerely yours,
Dr. Daved Strangeways
P.S. I have purposely misspelled
my name to throw the Black Hand off
the track.
If you're interested in being on
the Science Undergraduate Society
council for the 1988/1989 term, come
to Scarfe 9 and pick up a nomination
The following positions are open:
1st Vice
2nd Vice
AMS Rep.
Sports Coordinator
Public Relations
Publications Coordinator
Social Coordinator
Nominations close on February 17,
Elections will be held from March 2-
by Peter MacDougall
Ah! How it feels to fall in love!
His heart pounds faster and harder.
His throat is dry. His lips feel hot. He is
sweating; his face, neck, and chest are
flushed. His hands are shaking. He is about
to kiss a girl.
Adrenaline is the main biochemical
mediator of these symptoms, and just one
of the many hormones floating in the
chemical soup of the mammalian body.
Generally, hormones are defined as
any substance which is produced by one
cell, travels to another cell and modifies the
target cell by changing the rate of specific
chemical processes in that cell.
Therefore, the system of hormones
does not act strictly as an alternate
communications pathway to the nervous
system as once was thought, but rather
make up the effectors of the commands
carried by the nerves. For example, whereas
the nervous system is like a
telephone/computer network in a big
business, the hormonal system is like the
people at the end of the telephone lines. For
this reason, hormones are some of the most
powerful substances produced by living
organisms and govern all aspects of human
experience. In any situation, hormones are
controlling your state and response.
Hormones can be classified as
direct-acting, or tropic: those that
immediately affect their targets once
produced and those that form the other half
of the feedback loop and regulate hormone
production. Adrenocorticotropic hormone
is a tropic hormone that stimulates the
adrenal cortex to secrete Cortisol, a
direct-acting hormone. Hormones can also
be classified by their chemical structure:
there are peptide hormones such as insulin,
steroid hormones such as the sex hormones,
and those made of modified simple
molecules such as thyroxin.
Hormones function to keep the
biochemical systems of the body in perfect
balance, not only in the normal
maintenance of health but in response to
any stimulus, mental or physical. For
example, insulin and glucagon in tandem
maintain the amount of sugar in the blood
at an appropriate level. Adrenaline and
Cortisol and other hormones mediate the
change from a resting state to an excited
state which includes raising the blood sugar
Since hormones so powerfully affect
the state of the body, they are carefully
controlled. The hormone levels in a living
organism are maintained by a complex
feedback system of tropic hormone
producers, direct hormone producers,
hormone receptors, and hormone
degradation enzymes. The rate of hormone
production is controlled by the amount of
hormone (and the by-products of its signal)
floating in the body. If hormone
concentrations are not maintained at the
right levels, it can lead to disease.
Hormone receptors and degradation
enzymes are as important as the hormones
themselves. Without receptors, the hormone
signal cannot be transduced into a cell and
the cell will not react. Without hormone
enzymes, quick changes in cellular action
and quick responses are not possible.
Not all of the effects of hormones are
immediate. Physical desire for the opposite
sex (or the same sex, depending on your
leaning), "feeling horny", to be blunt, is the
culmination of years and years of changing
hormone levels. The presence or absence of
testosterone and testosterone receptors in
the fetus defines the sex of a person.
Gonadotropic-releasing hormone (Gn-RH)
signals the onset of sexual maturation.
Gonadotropic hormones (triggered by
Gn-RH) from the hypophyses in the brain
start puberty by increasing the production
of sex hormones and growth hormone. The
sex hormones are responsible for virility,
fertility, secondary sex characteristics
(which signal sexual readiness), and many
other physical and behavioural changes
(such as the start of mating rituals-like
going to the movies as couples, alone).
Pheremones released from the body act as
subtle signals to other people and are
thought to influence sex hormone
production in the recipients. Finally,
adrenaline is responsible for the excited
feeling of falling in love.
If you feel depressed, its probably due
to hormones too. High levels of Cortisol
have been associated with stress,
depression, shyness, and loss of libido.
Mood and hormone levels are closely
associated, probably in a reciprocal
relationship: not only do hormones affect
mood but mood affects hormone levels. The
neurotransmitters of the brain are localized
hormones and the opiates (pain-blockers) of
the brain are responsible for "runner's high"
and their decrease before menstruation in
women may be in part responsible for
pre-menstrual depression.
With genetic analysis and
recombination, human insulin and growth
hormone are being produced commercially;
other hormones are soon to follow.
Hormone therapy may become more
feasible for some diseases, including mental
illness. Most mental diseases have distinct
chemical profiles and there is a definite link
between behaviour and hormones. Diseases
like Alzheimers, AIDS, Cancer, Heart
Disease, and Depression are possible
candidates for hormone therapy.
Hormones are the accelerators and
brakes of cellular activity, and the fact they
regulate gene activity makes them very
useful. Unfortunately, hormone effects and
interactions can be so complex that even the
best known hormones are not completely
Possibly some group might put
together and market, the love potion of the
21st century: a cocktail of pheremones,
adrenaline, Cortisol, sex hormones for
contraception or fertility, oxytocin to
promote affectionate cuddling, and alcohol
to decrease inhibitions. For just when you
wanted to get out of the blues and fall in
Vol tissue §10
Vince Jiu
Leslie Chan
David Way
Jean Guay
Todd Abiett
Gean Ganogh
Claudio de los Rios
Sara Fisher
Kyle Kirkwood
Rose Lai
Linda Lo
Peter MacDougall
Julie Memory
Derek K. Miller
Johan Stroman
Nicole Brand
Ken Otter
Michelle Morgan
David New
Catherine Rankei
Gwen Burton
Barry Shanko
Eric Walker
Crant Withers
Tim Discovery Foundation
OBC Community Relations
Jean Guay
Parvaneh Pasha
Friendly Technology
Submissions and inquiries should be
sent to;
The 432 c/0 The Science Undergraduate Society of UBC
2125 Main Mall (Scarfe 9), Vancouver, BC Canada
Tel: (604)228-4255
The 432 is published bi-weekly by
theScience Undergraduate Society of
UBC The submission deadline for
the next issue is Thursday, February
18,1988 (4:30pm)L The paper is distributed on the following Wednesday. Departmental news, letters,
creative works, short essays and announcements are welcome.
Subscriptions are encouraged,
Twelve issuesr $7* Make money
order or Certified cheque payable to
1/2 page$140
1/4 page$75
1/8 page$40
228 - 4235
The   432/3 A Week to Remember!
by Todd Abiett - SUS President
Science Week is over and thanks
to many of you it was a major success.
Starting the week off, the Departmental displays that were held on Monday and Tuesday In the Sub
Concourse were very well done and
very well received. The Blood Donor
Clinic on Wednesday to Friday was
one of the most successful clinics ever
held at UBC while the Car Rally and
the Paper Airplane Contest were enjoyed by everyone who attended. The
Dance on Friday night with Wall
Street was a blast for everyone and
the best event of the week was perhaps the first annual Science Tricycfe
Race which raised $1100 for
Children's Hospi'taL
In the last few weeks, there have
been several new departmental clubs
forming such as a Biochemistry and
the Biological Sciences Society
(BIOSOC). By joining, it is one of the
best ways to get involved.
Many of you are coming out to
the various events and are getting involved in your departmental clubs, I
offer you my sincere compliments. To
those of you who did so much in
making Science Week a success, it
was a job well done.
A lot of Heart!
by Sara Fisher
Bioocf Drive Coortiimtor
The blood drive (Jan. 27- Jan. 29) during Science Week was a huge success*
A total of 770 people attended, the clinic and 652 pints of blood were collected It
wasa first for a U.B.C blood drive tobe held on a Friday and 238 pcoplesave
blood during the day* **
The Science Undergraduate Society, co-sponsors of the bloocl drive with the
Red Cross, woald like to thankeveryone who donated blood. In addition, many
thanks io all students whohelped organize this successful clinic.
I would also like %o thank the ArtsClub Theatre, Fiasco Restaurant and
Jerry s Cove Pub for their prize donations.
by Derek rC Miller
The First Annual Science f recycle
Race was a massive saceess-. On
Friday the 25th, the event attracted a
total Of 174 participants; including 2$
professors, from ten departments,
making r#mplete foolsof themselves
for charity in front of hundreds ol
people andCBC television*
in theeric,, $11?XVsixs*aifecJ toys,
and seven felfreitatmsed) tricycles
weredonated ie Children's Hospital*
The winning team was Comtjuter
Sdcnce'sFascai^ddlers* withan
overall time oi 1 minute 50 seconds*
who received six SUDS beer mags
and the rriarveJlousnewTrifee: Race
Trophy for their efforts. Second was
Microbiology's Micro Pipettes, and
third were Geology's Quarks. Congratulations to these teams, and all
others who participated* As well*
each team member received a spectacularly stylish Trike&aeeT-Shirts,
Thanks go to all of the people who
judged, kept score, and helped keep
things nirmmg, and especially to
Todd Ablet* who organized the entire
The Road not Taken
The mter~facuUycMtmg& results are as fvUo?t&:
Points   Time     Km
If you gave blood during Science Week, come to Scarfe 9 and check to <ee if
you're a WINNER, in total, 147 draw prizes wen? given a wavl Until next war
keep on giving! ' J
Semite of the 1988 CSS Car Rally.
EtadnaTeam* TWm
Bi 11/Lori/ Margaret
Tn the end, t teams never completed the rally.
Hr,I«T^T the Spe1a1 priH-V for ]l3VinSihe *** facsimi1* <* » reptile two
dragon head slippers with matching snnglasses.
Team "W, where are you? Pick up your prtee!
Most m ide it through the rally except far one team that was last seer, head,
mg tor Seal tie. A^ve yet to hear from them!!)
The   432/4 FACULTIES
by Rose Lai
Science Week Coordinator
The Departmental Display sawthe largestpar-
ticipalionxn science history* The following departments
Department      Faculty Sponsor
Computer Sc.
Dr* David Vogt
Dr. Heather Kirk
Dr. IEP Taylor
Dr* A. Storr
Dr. Joe Nagel
Dr. Ramey
Dr. SE Calvert
Dr* Katherine Pang
Dr. D, Williams
Dr, John Ledsome
Dr* Coren/Dr* B. Gorzalka
Dr. Bob Carveth
Thanks to all the departments who made this event
a success. Many thanks also to Todd Abiett and Stella
Wong (Tricycle Race), Claudio de los Rios (Dance)* Martin Lampa/Sara Fisher (Blood Drive Clinic), CS3 (Car
Rally)/ Physsoe (Paper Airplane Contest), Michael
Gienister (Movie Night) and Julie Memory (Chemistry
Magic Show). To anyone I've missed, thank you also.
Until next year, SCIENCE WEEK 891
by Julie Memory & Linda Lo
This year's Chemistry Magic
Show was a smashing success* Literally, banana bits and lettuce went flying
as several professors and grad stu-
dents destroyed these harmless fruits
and veggies while demonstra ting the
'magic" side of chemistry. Yes, the
truly sadistic sides of some shone
through- ha, ha, ha, Jet's blow it up
again! -we could do what to Los Angeles? A certain lab instructor even
set the bench on fire! All in all, this
was a very popular event, as those
turned away at the door wilt proclaim.
Our thanks to the many participants: Dr. Ofuig, Dr. Thompson,
Dr* Merring, Dr. Cullen, Dana
Zendrowski, Maureen Lee, Allan
Adams, Andrew Clase, the Ivlad
Scientist', Tim from Dr. Fryzuck's
group and also to everyone whose
names we've forgotten!
The Beat goes on...
by C.aud.o de lo$ Rios, 2nd vice
On Friday* January 29th, approximately 400 students realized what science
week w4*s.*>a blast" The band Wallstreet wasgfeaff" 'The drinks were greafP
"I wish! could remember, besides, you were there.,*! did what?.?!"
Over 10 kegs ol beer were drained by at* all-tooythirsty group of science students who also seemed to do away with 21 bottles of liquor cleverly concealed
as highballs and shooters and not to mention.the bizarre cocktails created by the
barcrew* Umpteen, cases of cider were emptied- now you canseehow vicious
rumors get staged about people's behavior while "under the influence."
On the following Monday, I heard the disbelief regarding the prices of the
liquor. "What do you mean fifty cents for beer. Did you really sell shooters and
highballs for$1,50? " The answer of course was yes. But don't dtspair because
the Last Class Bash, which will feature among other things, LOW LOW
Sub Partyroott*. Mark it on your calendar. Eric Walker photo
The First Annual Science Photo Contest
Thursday, March 10. (6:00pm)
TO: SCARFE 9 in the contest box
1. OPEN - It must be titled: "Untitled" is not a title.
1. 5" x 7" to 11" x 14"
2. Black/White or Color; original prints only.
1. Originality
2. Impact
3. Technical Quality
4. Good Taste
1. The contest is open to all UBC students.
2. Each photo entered must include on the back:
-Your name, phone #
-Category number
-A title for the Open Category
3. A photo may not be submitted in more than one category.
4. Entries submitted may not have been previously submitted
to other contests.
5. Winners of each category will be published in the final
issue (March 23) of The 432 newspaper.
6. Submissions will be returned on April 30th.
7. The decision of the judges is final.
The prizes available will be announced in the next issue.
Photos deemed worth will be exhibited.
Sponsored by The 432 -vSI^
%*^C"   V.  ■%%** A    \.      *
by Joe Wu
Recently, the monster of Cadboro
Bay, affectionately known as "Caddy"
raised its head out of the waters to
meet the wave of public interest.
However, no one bothered to find out
about its origins or appearance.
The creature, whose real name is
"Cadborosaurus", had its beginnings
in the Native American legends:
"Cadboro, a beautiful legendary Indian maiden, was so lovely that the
gods decreed she should remain untouched by man. A young and restless Indian brave named Saurus
defied the gods and wooed her. The
angry god of air and water took Ms
revenge by turning himself into an
eagle and carried off Cadboro. He
punished her by turning her into a
stone - reputedly, Gonzales Hill.
Saurus was transformed into a sea-
serpent and was banished to the
depths of the ocean for a billion
Therefore, it is unlikely that
anyone would see the creature since a
billion years could not have passes so
soon. However, if it is glimpsed, this
is what the observer would see. "The
animal was serpentine and had a
body at least forty feet long. The head
was like that of a camel or horse and
there was a mane."
Anyway, good luck to all
monster hunters out there who are
trying to gain fame by capturing this
creature of legend...
Source: Canada's Monsters by
Betty Sanders Garner.
World conference for the Future
of Human Civilization Hannover
West Germany: May 21-27,1988.
1) Our New Understanding of
Nature and of ouir Position in Nature.
2) The Dialog Between Eastern
and Western Philosophy.
3) The Transformation of symbols in Human Society and Their
Relationship to Nature.
Student competition: Full-time students can win free airfare to Germany, free accommodation,
conference participation and a special
welcome by the conference organizers. Competition is based on a
short text (from 5 to 10 pages in
length) on 'The Future of Human
Civilization" and "How to Promote
Scientific and/or Cultural Events".
All participants will receive an audio-
cassette and a certificate of participation. All entries must be received in
Germany by March 1.
For more information contact:
The Goethe Institute
944 W. 8th Ave
Word-Processing & Desk-Top Publishing
Theses My Specialty.
Symbols & Foreign Characters available.
Ask about our Laser-Printer services!
3732 W. Broadway (At Alma)
A Fourth Crystal Form
by Peter MacDougall
Aside from true crystals, liquid crystals and cybotactic liquids, there is a fourth crystal
form that was not included in the earlier article on crystals for the sake of brevity. The
fourth crystal form is unusual and only one substance forms this type of crystal, dilithium.
Originally, dilithium was only thought of as a valuable gemstone. Upon traditional
examination, dilithium appears like any other true crystal. However, it actually consists of
a 4-dimensional lattice of molecules. It is the fact that the molecules in dilithium crystal
propagate not only in the three dimensions of space but also along the single dimension of
time, that give dilithium its unique properties. Dilithium is denser than any other known
substance, capable of absorbing and modulating greater amounts of energy than any other
crystal, is capable of focussing high energy matter and anti-matter particle streams, and is
virtually indestructible.
At first, physicists were stumped by the fact that many of the properties of dilithium
crystals exceeded the limits imposed by the natural laws of physics on other crystals.
However, now it is well understood that the unique properties of dilithium crystals arise
from the fact that each position in the 3D spatial lattice of the crystal is occupied by several
particles, each particle occupying a different temporal point with respect to the present.
Some particles are in the past, others in the future, all propagating through time at the
same rate so that they never actually occupy the exact same coordinates. These extra
particles, as part of the lattice yet separated in time, account for the increased density of
dilithium, its near indestructibility and so on.
Dilithium's ability to modulate energy and to act as a conduit for high energy
anti-matter particles makes it possibly one of the most useful energy transducers in the
world today. Its potential use in producing large amounts of clean, cheap energy make it
highly prized in research and industry and, therefore, its mining and processing are
heavily guarded trade secrets.
Nobody is going to tell the Klingons of course!
by Derek K. Miller
"Don't inhale. Someone might
get squashed." If you've ever been to
the Science Office in Scarfe 9, you
will know the minimal volume it occupies. As I type this, there are
twelve people here. Encased in this 3
x 5 metre room are three filing
cabinets, two desks, seven chairs, six
message boards, a computer, an entire wall of Science Sales products, all
Science Sports records, materials for
the 432, a coat rack, 48 ceiling tiles,
and five tricycles. Needless to say, it's
a tad crowded.
It is interesting to note that the
Science Undergraduate Society, with
3500 members, is the second largest
and one of the most active societies
on campus. It has to its name this
one microscopic room. Applied Scien
ces (aka. Engineering), which has
1700 students, has offices for EVERY
department and their own building
(The Cheeze Factory). They deserve
and take good advantage of that
space. However, can it really be considered fair for a faculty with twice
as many students to have a small fraction of the space?
What this article amounts to is a plea
for office space, storage space, any
kind of space whatsoever. Anyone in
any department (or faculty, for that
matter) who has any extra space for
the SUS to use, please let us know.
The office number is 228-4235, and if
you haven't figured it out by now,
we're in the Scarfe Education Building, room 9. Please lose some weight
before you drop in.
I. Very busy by way of Ontario
commuting? (2,3,2)
5. Knock part of the brain with
speed (5)
8. The fool split two by many to
return (5)
9. Gold seasoning omen (7)
10. Notorious among noted and
most saintless with us (8)
II. Damage a hard limb (4)
13. Not day, after day (5)
15. The lord may recline on the
back, for example (5)
18. Could be on one's toes to be a
fastener (4)
19. Losing money from a tired hen
22. Drinkable marijuana is possible
23. Support a black breed (5)
24. Not a clean weapon (5)
25. Doesn't like differential equation exams (7)
1. A number in one negative
raised idea (7)
2. If the new way is for a criminal
3. Appraise the time zone of one
significant other (8)
4. Can't see through a round, soft
article from an eastern
province (6)
5. Irritate the right snake (4)
6. Ape a church leader? (7)
7. An aspiration to be armed strangely (5)
12. Help a bat to the letters (8)
14. Shiny, highly noted use of hearing (7)
16. Unceasingly without a tail (7)
17. Certainly in action (6)
18. A country-two ways a friend (5)
20. Looks at an article among some
Russians (5)
21. An instrument of two loves in-
terspeed with existence (4)
The 432/7 Notices
*      *W,f,/frw*
<SVS"   *   * *
Pedal PmhvrSick?
■        1*11 com? to your home to give <jS9~
' tirtv^and^dmrrifetrMePi^seswy
' irei,fmr*fit. Ap|>roxm*atelv1/2*^
' shop?*#<ss, Experienced. Call    '
j Philippt. at 731-2^8. Evera«j^8«tf
| wftofceridis*
I      In order to graduate Hut* spring,
you mn>t apply before February t5th,
Itegi^trar'sOrrlce U yim IvavtMwt
rehired yew package in ,tr*e mail,     ;
p^MmtCAi'$0cit?rYfmc+ *
C30) - '     '
"Thursday, Fdbraary !h Frafld trip'
to^ellBC Hosr^tai$<l*>:30-**;20pm}.
Sign t*p £t* soon as po$slblc
Tlmrsd&y* February 25; Special
Event: Medial 8lhk« Meet at
** y 'v  s^w    * %
(Deadline: April 22,1988)
*A11 submissions must be typed,
double spaced, on letter sized paper
(8.5 X11) one side only.
*Diagrams, graphs, pictures, art
work, etc. must be submitted on
separate sheets of paper and not
within the material itself. Each
diagram, graph, etc. must be appropriately labelled and referred to
within the written copy.
*Every submission will have an
abstract briefly explaining the content of the essay, be it a thesis, article,
science update, etc.
*Maximum length of article is approximately 10 pages.
Please inform the editorial staff if
your article can be accessed by computer: MTS, Macintosh, and
IBM/IBM compatibles. This year we
will try to have it typeset on the in-
house publishing system owned by
the AMS. It is a great timesaver if we
can directly copy your material if it is
on one of the aforementioned systems.
The UBC Physics Society
Dept. of Physics
6224 Agriculture Rd.
Vancouver, B.C.
Canada, V6T2A6
Attn: Ernest von Rosen
Teaching Excellence Award
Term Nominations Now Open
The Academics Committee of the
Science Undergraduate Society is
now accepting nominations for the
Teaching Excellence Award. Each
science student may nominate "one"
professor in the Faculty of Science. If
you believe your professor is clear,
helpful, and effective, and that he or
she deserves the recognition, it is up
to you to submit a nomination.
Nomination forms can be picked up
at any Science Departmental Office
or at Scarfe 9, and must be returned
to Scarfe 9 by Feb. 12,1988.
SCIENCE Sports Coordinator
An Olympic Torch Runner!
Tuesday, February 9
Dr. Patty P. Pang; Molecular
Characterization Seed Specific Genes in
Arabidopsis thaliana. Biological Sciences. Room 2000,4:00pm.
Wednesday, February 10
Dr. Yousry A. El-Kassaby: The Effect of Domestication Upon the Genetic
Diversity of Forest Tree Species. Mac-
Millan Building. Room 166,12:30.
Thursday, February 11
Dr. W.J. Livermore: High Pressure
Physics. Hennings Building. Room
Dr. John Sedivy: An Inducible
Amber Suppressor Mammalian Host Cell
System. IRC. Lecture Hall #3,4:00pm.
Monday, February 15
Dr. A. Underhill: Interpretation of
WolfRayet Spectra. Geophysics and
Astronomy Building. Room 260,
Tuesday, February 16
Dr. P.A.M. Broda: Utilization of
Lignocellulose: What Contribution can
Biotechnology Make? IRC. Lecture
Hall #1,9:30am.
Dr. James Kutney: Studies in
Biotechnology - Avenues to Clinically Important Anti-Cancer Drugs. Biological
Sciences. Room 2000,12:30pm.
Dr. Terry B. McMahon: Probing
the Structure, Energetics and Reaction
Dynamics of Gaseous Ions. Chemistry
Building. Room 250,1:00pm.
Dr. David U. Holden: Analysis
and Applications of Heat Shock Genes
from Ustilago Maydis. Biological Sciences.
Room 2000,4:00pm.
Dr. J. Smit: Biofouling Marine
Caulobacters: A Sticking Situation.
Biological Sciences Building. Room
Wednesday, February 17
Mr. B.G. Dunsworth: Forest
Regeneration Research and Outlook at
MacMillian Bloedel, Ltd. MacMillan
Building. Room 166,12:30pm.
Dr. Barry L. Marrs: Regulation of
Synthesis of a Bacterial Photosynthetic
Apparatus. IRC. Lecture Hall #4,
Thursday, February 18
Dr. P.A.M. Broda: Utilization of
Lignocellulose: What Contribution can
Biotechnology Make? Wesbrook.
Room 201,9:30am.
Dr. Terry P. Snutch: The Use of
Xenopus Oocytes to Probe Synaptic Com
munication. IRC. Lecture Hall #3,
Tuesday, February 23
Dr. P.A.M. Broda: Utilization of
Lignocellulose: What contribution can
biotechnology make? IRC. Lecture
Hall #1,9:30am.
Dr. Harold A. Mooney: Maintenance of Diversity in an Annual
Grassland. Biological Sciences. Room
Dr. G.G.S. Dutton: Bacterial Antigens and Bacterial Viruses. Chemishy
Building. Room 250,1:00pm.
Dr. S. Pond: British Columbia
Fjord Studies. Biological Sciences
Building. Room 1465,3:30pm.
I,N. STIEN by Ken Otter
The   432/8


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