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The 432 Feb 8, 1989

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Volume 2, Nunkber 9
February 8,1989
Unrest in Lotus Land? At the Faculty Club, at least.
BoG Ignores Student Protests
by Derek K. Miller
On Thursday, January 26th, over 700
UBC students protested outside the
Faculty Club while the Boards of Governors sat inside deliberating over President Strangway's proposed 10% tuition
increase for 1989-90. Marching, holding
placards, and chanting "No way, we
can't pay!" as they circled the building,
the students were rallied by such speakers as now-elected AMS President Mike
Lee and Students Against Tuition Fee
Hikes (SOTFH) organizer (and elected
AMS Coordinator of External Affairs)
Vanessa Geary. Despite over three hours
of continuous protest, spurred on by
visiting bands such as the Free Radicals
and No Fun, the Board decided later that
afternoon to allow the 10% increase to
go ahead.
A visiting speaker from Simon Fraser
University related that university's student struggle to stop a proposed 6%
tuition fee hike, which was also quashed.
It marks the first time in the 22 year
coexistence of the universities that their
tuitions have differed. For some, such as
"senior" graduate students (those who
take longer than average to complete a
Master's or PhD degree), fee increases
are even more dramatic: as high as 50%.
This protest, in conjunction with the
rally at SUB the previous week, marked
the largest student protests at UBC since
the Soldarity movement of 1983. The
general reaction to the BoG's decision
was disappointment, from the AMS
administration, SOTFH, the Ubyssey,
and constituencies and clubs. It is hoped
that, although the protests failed to stop
the current 10% proposal, they will dissuade the board from rubber-stamping
further increases planned for following
years. Further action is planned in order
to express the general displeasure of
students with the BoG's action.
In this issue
AMS Report 6
Biosoc 2, 6
By-election 8
Credits 6
Dik Miller ..3
Elections 1, 2, 3
Gravity 4
I.N. Stein 1
IQ Testing 5,7
LabLafs 7
Letters 7
Puzzle 6
Ski Report 8
Song 7
Sports Report 8
Teaching Award 6
Tuition 1
Uncle Rusty 5
Gratuitous Sex and
Violence 12
SUS Council Nominations Open
Nominations are now open for executive
positions on the Science Undergraduate
Society Council. Positions are open to any
Science undergraduate student attending
UBC. Nomination forms are available in the
SUS office in Scarfe 9. Eight positions are
open for elections taking place March 8-10,
Internal Vice President
External Vice President
Executive Secretary
Director of Publications
Sports Director
AMS Representative
Director of Finance
Nomination forms must be returned to the
Elections Commissioner by 6:00pm on
Wednesday, February 22, 1989. For further
information contact Irene Dorocicz, Elections Commissioner, in Scarfe 9.
(see Executive page 2)
fe? favOto-
As I.N. STEIN is a copywritten cartoon, if you wish to reproduce it you must
have written permission from the artist, Ken Otter. Contact through the 432. EXEC NOMINATIONS - FORMS IN SCARFE 9
How to be an SUS Exec
Executive Positions
in the SUS
A Brief Description of the
Duties of the Executive
by Irene Dorocicz, Elections Commissioner
In the following, "SUS" and "Society"
both refer to the Science Undergraduate Society of the University of British
Columbia. "AMS" refers to the Alma
Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia. "Council" refers to
the SUS Council unless otherwise
Duties of All Executives:
o The Executive must consist of Science
undergraduate students who intend to
remain Science undergraduate students during their term of office (April
1st, 1989-March31st, 1990).
o All officers of the Science Undergraduate Society shall be responsible
for personally promoting Science
events through words of mouth, class
announcements, posters, etc. as requested by the SUS Council.
o All officers of the Science Undergraduate Society shall post and maintain regular office hours during their
entire term of office.
o All officers of the Science Undergraduate Society shall regularly attend all Council meetings and be a
member of at least one standing
o All Executive Council members shall,
during their term of office, keep accurate written records of their activities
and submit these along with any
reccommendations as an annual report which must be submitted to the
Honourarium Committee by the April
1st following their term of office. If
this report is not submitted then any
honourarium or refunds to the executive in question shall be withheld until
the report is submitted and accepted.
o All newly-elected Executive Council
members must submit a proposed
budget to the Budget Committee for
their term of office by the date requested.
Individual Duties as Defined bv the
SUS Constitution:
o To be the main spokesperson for the
Science Undergraduate Society and
the students it represents.
o  To  know  and  uphold  the  SUS
o To chair meetings of the Society,
Executive, and Council,
o To vote only in the case of a tie (except
in the case of secret ballot, in which
case the President votes as do other
o To supervise and direct the duties of
the Council,
o To act as a liaison with all Science
o To be a member of the Budget
Committee,    Public    Relations
Committee, and the Science Week
o To act as an ex-officio member of all
other SUS committees.
Internal Vice President:
o To know and uphold the SUS
o To have a current version of said
Constitution at all meetings of the
o To coordinate the academic affairs of
the Society.
o To coordinate any elections or referenda.
o To be a member of the Academic Sub-
Council, Science Week Committee,
and the Alumni Committee.
o To recommend people to Council for
academic and election positions and to
work with the officers appointed to
their respective projects.
External Vice President:
o To know and uphold the SUS
o To represent the Society to the AMS
Student Council.
o To have booking privileges with the
o To be responsible for organizing,
coordinating, and promoting all social
functions of the Society.
o To be a member of the Science Week
o To recommend people to Council for
the positions of Science Week Coordinator and Blood Drive Coordinator
and to work with these officers appointed on their respective projects.
Executive Secretary:
o To know and uphold the SUS
o To carry out all normal correspondence of the Society.
o To send notice for forthcoming events
to the Faculty.
o To record the minutes of the meetings
of the Society.
o To keep the minutes on file in the SUS
office and with the AMS archivist.
o To represent the Society to the AMS
o To make copies of any proposed
amendments and distribute them to all
Council members within one week of
receiving the proposed amendments.
o To inform the External Vice President,
Internal Vice President, and the Director of Publications of the proposed
amendments so tha they can ensure
that proper notification of the proposed amendments are carried out.
o To receive and distribute all of the
Society's mail.
o To collect annual reports from Council
members, year representatives, and
ex-officio officers for the SUS and
AMS archivist's files.
o To be responsible for the purchase,
maintenance, and use of office supplies and equipment and have Bookstore signing authority.
o To be a member of the Budget
Director of Finance:
o To be reponsible for the finances of the
Society and to be the primary signing
officer of the funds used directly by
the SUS.
o To submit all budgets as required by
the Director of Finance of the AMS.
o To obtain estimates of all proposed
o To sign all requisitions of approved
o To work in conjunction with the incoming Director of Finance in preparing the next year's budget.
o To submit to Council every two weeks
a report of all of the accounts of the
o To coordinate and help the Sports,
Publications, and Sales treasurers.
o To chair the Budget Committee.
Director of Publications:
o To publish the summer Student Guide/
mailout and The 432 Science UBC
o To coordinate the production of all
posters and banners for the SUS.
o To ensure publication of items requested by the Executives and/or
o To be a member of the Budget
Committee and Science Week
o To be head editor of the Science
Newspaper Council.
Sports Director:
o To be the liaison between the Science
Athletics Council and the SUS Council.
o To head the Athletic Council.
o To chair the Athletic Awards Committee.
o To be a member of the Budget
o To keep the Science Newspaper Council informed of the activities of the
Science Athletics Council.
o To promote the attendance of all Science clubs at the Athletics Council
AMS Representative:
o To know and uphold the SUS
o To know the AMS Constitution,
Codes, and Bylaws and have current
copies of these on file in the SUS
o To keep Council informed of the activities of the AMS Council.
o To keep Council informed of the activities of other AMS constituencies
and clubs.
o To attend AMS Council meetings.
o To keep Council informed of any AMS
rights ot privileges to which the SUS is
o To keep Council informed of any AMS
procedures of which it should be
o To be liaison between the Council and
the AMS.
o To act as Council's agent to the AMS
if directed to do so by Council.
o To keep the Science Newspaper Council informed of the activities of the
AMS Council.
o To attempt to sit on at least three AMS
standing committees.
The numbers for accessing the UBC
Library Catalogue remotely are 228-
5011 (300 bps) and 228-2222 (1200
bps). Type "ubclib" to enter.
Biosoc Bits
by Johan Stroman andYolanda Leung
Again we have reached that time of
year when the approaching tidal wave
(or is it Blizzard?) of homework, lab
write-ups, midterms, term-papers, and
missed notes gets uncomfortably close.
Biologists, like all others, begin wading
through their paper filled domiciles and
are apt to let all those New Year's resolutions sink to the bathyal depths. If
those resolutions mentioned getting
more involved in student affairs, helping
organize and taking part in events, here
is your chance. Yes, you guessed it!
BIOSOC elections for next year's executive are approaching. And on that
note you may well ask what we have
been up to (besides homework) and
hence if you should get involved.
BIOSOC has been brimming with
activity in the past few months with a
half dozen talks by Biololgy faculty (and
more to come), a video-lunch, 2 Bzzr
Gardens, a recent fieldtrip to the Zoology department at the University of
Washington, and the highly successful
Gyotaku (fish painting) during Science
Week. Proceeds totalled $200 and will
be forwarded to the Tofino Oil Crisis
Centre to help in their efforts in cleaning
up the beaches on the West Coast. The
second and last day of the Academic
Forum is on Thursday, February 9th
with faculty speaking about the Animal,
Marine and Cell/Developmental Biology options. Two fieldtrips to the North
Vancouver Fisheries Lab are slated for
consecutive Tuesday and Thursday afternoons in late February. Also another
Bzzr Garden is set for the first Friday in
March. For all those who want a last ski-
bash on the slopes we have an awesome
package at Whistler on the Easter weekend. And for all the fourth year Biology,
Botany and Zoology students, a Graduation Dinner and Dance at the Vancouver Aquarium on March 17th.
So as you can see lots is happening.
But to keep all these activities going for
next year's Biology students we need
NEW people to replace those executives
who are graduating. So get involved,
help keep some traditions alive and have
some fun doing it. All Executive positions are available and can be contested,
including:- President, Vice-President,
Secretary, Treasurer, Public Relations,
Academic Committee, Graduation
Committee, Graphics Co-ordinator,
Seminar Co-ordinator, Social Coordinators), and of courwse Sports Coordinator. Remember that no particular
experience is required — only some
interest, a few hours a a week and good
spirits(Wedon'tmeanalcohoi). Sodrop
us a note with your Name, Major, Year
and Position sought. Nominations can
be left with Peggy in the Biology Office
(room 2521) or at the BIOSOC Hut.
24th, 4 p.m. Fill in those jiomination
The elections will be held on Tuesday,
February 28th at 12:30 p.m. in Biology
room 2449. And hey, good luck on your
Calling all old exams - midterms and
finals. BIOSOC is building a collection
of exams especially biology, botany, and
zoology from previous years for use by
members. We especially need the more
(continued on page 3)
The 432
(Biosoc continued from page 2)
obscure courses as well as a better selection of first and second year exams. Stop
by the BIOSOC office Hut M32 room 6
or leave copies at the biology office.
Yes, BIOSOC held the first bake sale
on Wednesday January 25. We raised
some money for the graduation fund as
well as provided some tasty treats to
students and professors alike. Thanks to
all who contributed. Next time we'll
advertise better.
Dik Miller, Campus
"Dik Miller, campus cowboy."
"Mr. Miller, what are you doing right
"Talking on the phone to..."
"No, no. What were you doing?"
"I was typing."
"Well, stop typing."
"I have. I had to answer the phone."
There was a distinct growl from the
party on the other end of the phone line.
"I mean don't start typing again."
"Okay. By the way, who is this?"
"I am a representative of Students
Who Eat And Try Bargaining Against
New Dining."
"That would be...er..." I thought for a
moment. "SWEATBAND?"
"Well, yes, but we don't like using
that. It's rather an unfortunate coincidence that it should end up that way. We
didn't intend it to."
Like hell you didn't, I thought. "What
exactly is it that you do?"
"We oppose the replacement of the
old tables in the Subway cafeteria with
new ones. We like the old ones just fine."
"I didn' t kno w that they were planning
on replacing the old ones."
"They aren't."
I was getting confused. "Then why," I
asked, "are you opposing something that
isn't happening?"
"Just in case they decide to replace the
"Well," I ventured, "what if - and this
is purely hypothetical, of course - what if
one of the tables was broken and they
had to replace it?"
"Er..." came the reply. Obviously this
organization hadn't come up with such
contingency plans. "Urn, I guess we'd
try to get it replaced by a table that's just
like the old one."
"What is it that's so special about the
old tables that you don't want them replaced?" I was getting quite curious.
"It would be an act of autocratic, pigheaded ignorance to replace the tables
without consulting students first." She
said it with conviction - so much that I
was almost convinced that Subway
tables are actually important to the state
of the world today. Almost.
"But what's so great about the ones
they have now?"
She toned down a bit. "Nothing really.
We just like them. It's more the principle."
"You mean you have set up and entire
student organization just to oppose the
replacement of tables that you don't feel
especially attached to?"
"But we are attached to them!" she
"Sorry. Tables that aren't all that special." I rolled my eyes heavenward.
"Well, yes."
I left a distinct pause in the air that
verged on geologic in length. "Why did
you call to tell me this?"
"Ah." She remembered her train of
thought. "We're planning a rally..."
"A rallyV." I couldn't believe it.
"Yes, a rally. In the SUB plaza. At
"You won't be sitting at your precious
"Not today. We're willing to sacrifice
that for our cause."
"I see. What if someone changes them
when you aren't looking?"
She gasped quietly. Obviously she
hadn't thought of that either. "We...we'll
make arrangements to have them monitored."
"So what do you want me to do?"
"We wanted to inform you in case you
wanted to come by to make sure there's
no violence."
"No violence. I see. Well, sure." It
should at least be an interesting spectacle. "Lunchtime, you say?"
"Well, I'll be there. So keep your
people in line, okay?"
"We're a well behaved bunch, Mr.
"I'm sure. How many of you are there,
"Right. I'll be sure to bring reinforcements." I hung up before she could respond.
A few hours later I hopped into my
royal blue, souped-up, stripped-down,
Chevy Bel Air and cruised down East
Mall towards SUB. As I approached, I
looked across the plaza to see a crowd of
people gathered around what looked to
be some sort of disturbance. My eyebrows darted up. There must have been
two or three hundred of them. I got out of
the car and walked slowly across the
plaza until I could see what the big deal
was about.
In the centre of the group were two
people, one of whom was obviously
being severely beaten up. I pushed
through and yelled at them to stop.
"Stop!" I yelled.
There was no reponse. I waded into the
conflagration and pulled the two apart.
"Alright! What's going on here?" I
"I...I don't know," said the one who
was obviously losing. He coughed. "I
just said 'Who cares about the
Subway tables anyway?' and
then she hit me."
"Ignorant, redneck pig!"
cried the woman whom I held
by the next with my other
hand, spitting at him. She was
the one who had been on the
"Shut up. Did you say anything else?"
The man shook his head.
"No chance. She just attacked
The crowd was dispersing. I
looked around and turned to
the woman. "Where are the
rest of your members?"
She looked down. "They're
all test tasting cookies inside."
At that moment, someone
came running out of SUB and
shouted. "Margaret! They're
changing one of the Subway
Margaret's eyes relit and she bit my
arm. It hurt, and I let go, allowing her to
run away towards Subway.
Somehow, I managed to stop Margaret from scratching out the eyeballs of
the Subway staff who were moving
tables. By vote of the rest of the members
of SWEATBAND, she was impeached
as president and the organization dissolved. Margaret disappeared into the
vastness of the UBC campus, never to
rear her political head again.
Maybe student protest is getting out of
hand. Maybe it should just be restricted
to less riot-provoking things, like tuition
fee increases.
Another case closed for Dik Miller,
campus cowboy.
What Happened
by David New, Byelection Commissioner
Well folks, the SUS by-election went
ahead, and Council has been expanded
by Tobin Tanaka as 4th-year rep, Margot
Purdon as 3rd-year rep, Caireen Hanert
as Physics rep, Mira Bajic as Math rep,
and Rhiannon Johnson as Oceanography rep. Mike Everson, the SUS Academics Co-ordinator, has also been installed as a 4th-year rep.
That's what happened.
Have a nice day.
Languages of the
The top 11 languages in the world,
calculated by people who speak them
Mandarin Chinese 806 million
English 426 million
Hindi.. 313 million
Spanish 308 million
Russian 287 million
Arabic 182 million
Bengali 175 million
Malay-Indonesian 132 million
Japanese 123 million
German 118 million
French 115 million
(Source: Dr. S.S. Culbert, U. of W.)
The 432
Gravity: What's the Attraction?
by James Olson
Most people are familiar with the
concept of gravity as the force which
holds or pulls things to the surface of the
Earth, but gravity is also responsible for
many other things such as tides, flowing
rivers, and the orbits of the planets.
There have been a number of people
who have provided definitionsof gravity
in the past, but as our understanding of
nature has improved we have had to
update and change these definitions.
One of the earliest definitions is the force
which lifts fire and air while gravity is
the force which pulls on the Earth and the
sea. A later definition was given by Sir
Isaac Newton as the attractive force
which exists between all bodies in the
universe. In this century, Albert Einstein
described gravity as the warping or curving of space and time by any mass. This
definition is confusing and misleading
in almost all practical instances and
therefore should only be considered in
the some light as Aristotle's definition.
In the sixteenth century gravity was
discovered to be an attraction which
existed between all bodies that have
mass, (the mass of an object is what most
people refer to as the weight and is hence
measured in kilograms). The heavier a
body is, the less it can attract other objects. For example, people weigh less on
the surface of the Moon because the
Moon is lighter than Earth and does not
pull down as hard.
The attraction is also affected by the
distance which separates two objects.
This is evident when we see astronauts
floating weightless in space. Here, the
Earth still has the same attractive pull but
the astronaut is too far away to feel it.
Similarly, the attractive pull on a mountain climber on the summit of Mount
Everest would be slightly less than if the
same person was jogging on the beach at
sea level because he/she is farther away
from the centre of the Earth.
One characteristic of gravity is that it
attracts all objects with the same acceleration. This is not as ovbious as it
sounds. One consequence of this is that
when two rocks of different mass are
dropped at the same time they will hit the
ground at the same time. In other words
the two rocks will travel the same distance in the same time. This may appear
obvious but similarly a rock and a
feather would also hit the ground at the
same time if it weren't for the the in-
tereference of air. This was best illustrated, when, during the Moon landings
an astronaut held an eagle feather and a
Moon rock at equal heights and let them
drop, and they both hit the ground at the
same time.
In order to see how all objects can fall
at the same rate it is useful to use a notion
put forth by Einstein. Conventionally,
everything accelerates toward the surface of the Earth, but it can also be
thought of as the surface of tfeh Earth
accelerating towards everything else.
Under this premise, if you were standing
in an elevator with the doors closed it-
would be impossible to tell if you were
standing still on the surface of the Earth
or if the elevator was being accelerated
upward far out in space. It now becomes
easy to see how a rock and a feather
would hit the floor at the same time. If
a person is standing in an accelerating
elevator andletsgoofthe feather and the
rock, the elevator and the man will
accelerate up, but the feather and the
rock will float in space, (fig 1 and 2).
Eventually the elevator floor will move
up and hit the rock and feather at eh same
time, (fig 3). If we now picture the same
series of events but imagine the elevator
being stationary and the rock and feather
being accelerated, the rock and
thefeather will still hit the floor at the
same time, (fig 4). This is true because
the person inside the elevator can't tell if
he is being by gravity or the elevator is
accelerating away. All he sees is the
feather and the rock falling and hitting
the floor at the same time.
The idea of an accelerating elevator
and gravity being equivalent allows us to
see some of the more subtle effects of
gravity such as the way even light can be
attracted by a body such as the Earth. If
a beam of light is shone across an
elevator that is accelerating, the beam
will travel in a straight line, (fig 5 and 6).
As the beam of light travels across the
elevator, the elevator moves up and by
the time the beam reaches the opposite
side of the elevator it hits the wall lower
than where it started, (fig 6). Now, if we
think of the elevator standing till and a
person observes the path of light it appears to have bent down or pulled down
by the attraction of gravity, (fig. 7).
However, the bending of light would be
greatly exaggerated if the elevator in fig
7 was sitting on Earth.
Further proof that light is bent by
gravity was provided during the eclipse
of the sun in 1958, when the image of a
star was seen, although the star was actually hidden behind the sun. (fig. 9). The
light from the star which would have
normally missed the Earth is bent by the
Sun and hits the Earth and allows us to
see an image of the star.
Gravity not only attracts light but
changes the rate at which time passes.
This is to say that if one twin lived on a
high gravity planet, (a planet that has a
larger mass), and the other twin lived for
twenty years on Earth, when the twins
got back together, one would only have
lived for fifteen years (Earth time) while
the one on Earth would have lived for
twenty. It is in this context that Einstein
said that gravity warps space and time.
The bending of light and the altering
of time arc effects that exist but gravity
can be practically defined as the simple
attractio that all bodies have on each
other, where the attraction depends on
the mass of the bodies and the distance
between them.
On This Date...
by Russ Monger
February 12 is Robinson Crusoe Day.
This day commemorates the rescue, in
1709, of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish
sailor who was the model for Daniel
DeFoe's book. Selkirk requested to be
put ashore on the uninhabited island of
Juan Fernandez after an argument with
his captain. Before the ship left, however, he begged to be readmitted but was
refused. He was left with a few simple
necessities and remained there alone for
five years. This is a day to be adventurous and self reliant.
February 14 is the birthday of George
Washington Gale Ferris. Ferris, born in
St. Louis in 1859, invented the Ferris
wheel which he developed for the
World's Fair in 1893. He died in Pittsburgh on Nov. 22, 1896. Born in St.
Louis; died in Pittsburgh. This guy got
Pharmacy Valentine's Day Carnation Delivery
Send a carnation.
To whom?
1. The person(s) that takes notes for
you when you are at the Pit.
2. The person(s) who buys you a
drink at the Pit.
3. The person(s) who drives you after
the Pit.
4. Your romantic interest(s).
5. Your non-romantic interest(s).
6. Your data fudging lab partner.
7. Your favourite prof.
8. 1,2 and 3
9. all of the above except 8.
10. all of the above.
ON SALE: Feb. 6,7, 8 at lunchtime in
Woodward IRC Lounge. Delivered in
IRC and Cunningham on Feb. 13 or
14th. $1.50 each or 5 for $5.00.
Elevators accelerating upward
as the rock and feather are
time = 0 sec.
Rock Feather
T^3 -*&#■
fig. 1
time =
- 1 sec.
fig. 2
Rock leather"
Rock Feather
Rock Feather
fig. 4
- 2 sec.
time = 2 sec.
Elevators accelerating upward
as light takes a straight path
time = 1 sec.
Beam started
and ended
time = 0 sec.
path of
light *
fig. 7
fig. 6
Star       *
fig. 5
„ time = 0 sec.
, time - 1 sec.
- time = 2 sec.
Path of
.. time = 0 sec
e of Star *
Apparent path
of light
_ time = 1 sec.
time = 2 stc
fig. 8
Stationary elevator in gravity
Same sequence of events.
Stationary elevator in gravity
the light now appears bent to an
observer in the elevator
Real path of Ught
is bent
The 432
How Smart Are You? Or Can You Tell?
by Russ Monger
Intelligence testing began in Paris,
France in 1905 when psychologist
Alfred Binet was commissioned by the
Department of Education to devise a
method of testing that could be used to
separate 'normal' children from 'dull'
children. It was believed that these dull
children would not benefit from a regular education and should go to special
schools fro slow learners. Biinet's tests
would be used to determine how well, or
how poorly, a student would do in the
Paris school system at the turn of the
century and this in turn would determine
which type of school he should attend.
Binet began by studying normal children in a public school as well as a group
of retarded children at a nearby hospital.
He set out different types of tasks that
could easily be performed by normal
children of a certain age but not by retarded children of the same age. The aim
here was to find out what was "normal".
From this, through trial and error, he
constucted a graduated series of tasks,
starting with those that could be performed by a very young normal child,
and then incresing in difficulty. The
highest group of these tests a child could
pass would be used to determine his
mental age. An attempt could then be
made to use this mental age to indicate
the child's rate of learning compared to
others his own age.
Just before the outset of World War I,
German psychologist Wilhelm Stern
introduced a new way of expressing the
results of the Binet tests. Stern suggested calculating the ratio between a
subject's chronological age and his
mental age as determined by the Binet
test. His argument was that ratios would
be more revealing. He reasoned that if
a ten year old tested one year ahead of his
chronological age it may not indicate a
big difference, but if a five year old
tested a year ahead this would be far
more significant. The formula for calcu-
latingthis ratio is simple: the mental age
is divided by the chronological age and
then multiplied by one hundred to get rid
of the decimal point. This method of
scoring gives a ten year old with the
mental age of 11 a score of 110, but a 5
year old with a mental age fo 6 would
receive a higher score of 120. This ratio
score of a Binet test came to be known as
an Intelligence Quotient. By this formula, an average IQ is 100. Anyone with
an IQ less than 100 is condidered below
average; anyone with an IQ above 100 is
condsidered above average. (An IQover
140 is considered genius level). These
standards are still in use today.
Intelligence testing was more readily
accepted in North America than it was in
Europe and the greatest spurt of interest
came in pre-WW I United States. At this
time the army was faced with a large
problem. Huge numvers of men from all
parts of the county and from all walks of
life were being drafted into the service.
From this large numver of inductees, the
army needed to determine quickly which
men would be sent to officers' training
school, which men would be put into
labour battalions, which men would be
given special training or which men
would be mustered out as unfit for duty.
The army didn't have the time or the
personnel to administer individual tests
to each draftee. What was needed was a
test that could be given to a large number
of men by officers who had no special
training in psychological testing. Tests
similar to Binet's tests were quickly
prepared and employed. By the beginning of 1919, nearly two million men
had written these army intelligence tests.
The public became convinced that the
army tests were scientific and foolproof
and after the war, private companies
began testing programs to determine
who would be hired, promoted and
transferred. The greatest market for intelligence tests was the schools. By
1920, nearly every school system in
North America employed some kind of
intelligence testing. A huge industry
grew to meet the demand. Tests were
constantly being checked, refined, and
revised, yet the basic assumption - that
IQ tests measured a discreet mental
quality - was never really doubted.
It wasn't until the 1960's that IQ testing began to be questioned. IN 1964 the
New York City Board of Education
decided to do away with IQ testing
completely and other boards of education soon followed suit. In 1971 the
United States Supreme Court ruled
against a company that used IQ tests as a
basis for promotion. Today, IQ testing is
no longer considered sacred in education or business, but it has by no means
been abandoned. Millions of people are
still tested every year in business, in the
military and in schools. IQ scores continue to exert a powerful influence on
how we perceive ourselves and others.
Over the years, intelligence tests have
aroused great controversy. One of the
more important questions that begs to be
answered is "What is being measured ?".
Psychologists insist that IQ tests measure intelligence and yet they cannot
define exactly what intelligence is. How
can something be measured if it is not
known exactly what it is that is being
measured ? IQ tests appear to measure
only a rather limited type of intelligence
- the kind that schools and psychologists
value. Many critics claim that intelligence tests do not measure what many
experts believe to be an essential aspect
of intelligence - creative, or original
thinking. Most intelligence tests emphasize convergent thinking; they present
problems that have well-defined, correct
answers. As a result, intelligence tests
often fail to acknowledge properly individuals who excel in divergent thinking
■ those with the ability to produce new
and original ideas. Other critics maintain that many tests are culturally biased.
Many questions on these tests are drawn
from what a student has previously
learned in school, which does not reflect
basic mental ability. Environment differences , as encountered in different
schools, may explain much of the variation in test scores. For example, test
results show higher scores for average
income whites than for poor urban
blacks who may not have had the same
schooling opportunities. Another criticism is that an individual's IQ score
often fluctuates, depending on emotional state, age, and the disire of the
person to succeed. There is also evidence that indicates familiarity with
taking tests will improve a score. A
young Mississippi black raised his IQ
score dramatically in a 6 week period
simply by being taught how to take tests.
College entrance examinations have
been found to correlate closely with success in college, hov/ever, the obvious
argument here is that the methods of
measuring achievement in college (i.e.
written exams) are themselves no more
reliable than those of the entrance examinations. High test scores may indicate nothing more than a worthy ability
to write tests and may not indicate mastery of a subject at all. A second criticism is that these strong correlations
reflect policies of denying admission to
students with low test scores. Since
people with low IQ are not admitted into
colleges, this reinforces in college, since
low IQ people are not usually given the
opportunity to succeed. It may also be
worth regarding that intellectual factors
alone do not determine academic success. Many students are not successful
due to lack of motivation or good teaching and not because of a lack of intelligence. Despite their limitations, ability
tests are still the most objective method
available for assessing individual capabilities, but tests scores must always be
considered in conjunction with other
Perhaps the only thing you can be
certain your IQ will tell you is whether or
not you are able to join the Mensa Society - a society consisting solely of people
who score in the top 3 percent on intelligence tests. For further information
about this organization write to: Mensa,
Dept GG, 1701 West 3rd Street,
Brooklyn, New Yorkll223
Students interested in IQ testing may
wish to contact the Psychology department here at UBC. For a sample of the
army IQ test, see page 7.
A   Z.>-^ 1
J        ill      tf/
Practicing oil spill cleaning techniques at deptartmental displays.
Uncle Rusty
Well, we did have an Uncle Rusty for
this issue, but somehow it got squeezed
out by all the other stuff. Look for it next
issue. Sorry, Unk.
Arr, Billy! Ever been to a
Physsoc pirate party?
Well, there's one in Hebb 12 on
February 10th. Tix at Physsoc or
 call 228-3116.
Teaching Excellence Award
Nomination Form
Please print.
Course(s) Taught:
Student Number:
Supporting Signatures:
(at least 10 required)
Student Number
No person may nominate more than one professor or instructor, and each student
is limited in signing only one nomination per term. An Academics Sub-Council
member may not nominate a professor or instructor or sign a nomination form.
Please return completed forms to the Academics Coordinator's box in the Science
Office (Scarfe 9) by Wednesday, February 22 ,1989. Also remember to include
a short outline on why you think the nominee sMuldtec&ive. the. award. AMough
this is not mandatory, it will greatly aid in the selection process.
AMS Report
by Ari Giligson, AMS Rep.
If you're looking for a tough job that
pays only a nominal fee, nominations for
both Assistant Director of Finance of the
AMS and Ombudsperson are open until
Feb 15. Applications available in SUB
room 238.
In other news, the meeting of the AMS
of Feb 1 lasted 3.5 hours. The most
important issue raised was that of
Duke's Cookies. This discussion lasted
about an hour and all guests were asked
to leave. It was finally resolved that the
AMS reaffirm our intent of honouring
the agreement signed by Duke's (i.e.
Duke's will move out by April - as per
the contract).
The Engineers related to us an interesting anecdote about the night that
AMS executive election ballots were
counted. It seems that Mike Lee, AMS
president elect, in the course of celebrating his victory downed a rather large
portion of alcohol (this being amplified
by the fact that Mike doesn't usually
drink much). The Engineers took it upon
themselves to give the, soon to be, president a tour of the building, albeit
strapped to a swivel chair with duct tape.
Mike enjoyed the tour so much, at least
in the Engineers' opinion, that they
decided that a repeat performance was in
order. Monday they tied Mike in a chair
covered him with whipped cream and
affixed "Alf cards" to his person - they
call this "Alf carding". Did I neglect to
mention that this occurred in SUB concourse and that people mistook Mike for
some sort of Asian-week display?
Ken Armstrong, of Arts, put forward a
motion that we send a letter to Mel
Couvelier and Bill Vander Zalm asking
them to overturn the 10% fee increase.
This struck me as a rather useless waste
of time. Do we really think a letter from
the AMS will scare the BC government
into overturning a decision of their own
What really annoyed me was that
Armstrong had the audacity to question
my responsibility to the SUS members.
He challenged any of the constituency
reps, who voted against his motion to go
back and tell their people that they did so.
Well Ken, I keep no secrets from the
people I represent. I felt that the action
proposed by you is to be an utter waste of
time. Now stop trying to be some high
power politician. That gets none of us
I apologize to any of you who love the
usual dry and simple AMS report. I
decided to go into some gossip and internal silliness to show you that the AMS is
composed of real people. Besides, we
didn't have anything really exciting
happen at that meeting. Well, not that I
can talk about anyway.
by Doug  Sheppard,  Biology   Grad
With only two more months before
our final Finals, some graduating students may have their eyes set on Grad
School, some on travel, or potential job
opportunities, and others still on their
applications for unemployment insurance. Myself, I've been busy setting up
the final plans for our Grad Dinner-
dance, and photos. Tickets for the dinner-dance are on sale for $30.00. The
grad will be at the Vancouver Aquarium
on Friday, March 17. Doors and bar
open at 6:30 and the dinner will be
served at 7:30. Dress is semiformal, or
formal - take your choice - and drinks
will cost $2. Tickets can be purchased
directly from myself, Sarah Bagshaw,
Jennifer Hoar, Gareth Williams, Johan
Stroman, Coral DeShield, or Yolanda
Leung, or sign up on the list in the
Biology Office.
As for Grad composite photographs,
please call Evangellos Studio (731 -8314
or 732-3023) as soon as possible to set up
an appointment if you have yet to do so.
The sitting is free, but packages may be
To those of you who do not know,
If you did not receive two graduation
cards from the registrars office, you have
until February 15 to get them from the
registrar and submit them if you want to
graduate in the spring ceremonies.
Good luck with midterms and pick
up your grad tickets as soon as
by Russ Monger
Can you match each of the phobias on
the right with their name on the left?
Don't fear, the answers are listed to the
1) Claustrophobia
2) Thanatophobia
3) Hydrophobia
4) Xenophobia
5) Zoophobia
6) Toxophobia
7) Acrophobia
8) Agoraphobia
9) Homophobia
10) Cardiophobia
11) Astraphobia
12) Lalaphobia
13) Nyctophobia
a) fear of being poiisoned
b) fear of strangers;
c) fear of homosexuals
d) fear of thunder and lightning
e) fear of closed spaces
f) fear of open places
g) fear of darkness
h) fear of water
i) fear of heart attatck
j) fear of public speaking
k) fear of animals
1) fear of death
m) fear of high plaices
The Deadlines for The 432 are:
February 15; March 1,15
The 432 is published by the Science Undergraduate Society of the
University of British Columbia,
located in room 9 of the Scarfe
Education Building, 2125 Main
Mall, Vancouver, B.C., Canada,
V6T1W5. Phone (604) 228-4235.
© 1988 SUS Publications.
Volume 2, Nuaber 9, published
Wednesday, February 8, 1983.
Editor: Derek K. Miller
Contributors: Russ Monger,
Gautam Lohia, Julie Memory,
Johan Stroman, Yolanda Leung,
James Olson, David Way, Todd
Abiett, Irene Dorocicz, Doug
Sheppard, Derek Miller, Allan
Sharp, Ken Otter, Ari Giligson
Artists: Ken Otter, Adam Chong
Photographic: Derek Miller
Typing: Derek Miller, Ari
Giligson, Chris Bendl, Russ Monger
Layout: Derek Miller
Distribution: Danny Lai, Derek
Printed by College Printers Ltd.
Only three more issues left,
people. Don't forget that submissions are always welcome. Just
stuff them in the 432 pocket in the
Science office (Scarfe 9). We also
need photos, art, etc. Meetings are
Thursdays at 12:30. Check Scarfe
9 for location.
The 432 is produced on Lucifer
the Apple Macintosh SE and
"The Beast" the 60 MB hard
drive with Microsoft Word and
Aldus Pagemaker desktop publishing software. It is printed in
Canada on some mashed-up,
flattened ex-trees. Now that
UBC has a recycling program
taking effect, maybe the paper
will get re-used and it won't be so
environmentally detrimental.
Order before Feb. 11
for delivery before
Grad '89.
Blue melton body with white
leather sleeves.
Answers to Phobomania
6) a
10) i
12) j
13) g
The 432
pe lo ru <x r ^      L_i r\e (A
FEB   ?-•■ "Obstetrics "
toi'-fk     IDrr "TR a m<to M^rri r\
FEB   14-- *Rwdl,-«.+ric
t.v\ <?( Deri n o f Ocj y
FEB 5 I •" vv Fam; ly   Pra.£-f-/ee ''
wi^w Dr.  Fr^er' Nome
1^50      IRC^1_
Test Yourself
(A sample army test from the
March, 1919 issue of The American
With your pencil make a dot over any
one of these letters F G H I J, and a
comma after the longest of these three
words: boy, mother, girl. Then, if Christmas comes in March, make a cross right
here but if not pass along to the next
question, and tell where the sun rises
 . If you believe that Edison discovered America, cross out what you
just wrote, but if it was someone else, put
in a number to complete this sentence:
"A horse has feet." Write yes, no
matter whether China is in Africa or not
 ; and then give a wrong answer to this
question: "How many days are there in
the week?" Write any letter except g
after this comma, and then write no if 2
times 5 is 10 . Now, if Tuesday comes
after Monday, malice two crosses here ;
but if not, make a circle here or else a
square here . Be sure to make three
crosses between these two names of
boys: George Henry. Notice these
two numbers: 3,5. If iron is heavier than
water, write the larger number here ,
but if iron is lighter than water then write
the smaller number here . Show by a
cross when the nights aire longer; in
summer?  in winter? . Give the
correct answer to this question: "Does
water run uphill?" and repeat your
answer here  .  Do  nothing  here
(5+7= ) unless you skipped the preceding question; but write the first letter of
your first name and the last letter of your
last name at the end of this line .
This test takes the average adult 125
seconds. If people were divided into
Excellent, Good, Fair, and Poor, Excellent is 100 seconds or less, 100 to 125
seconds is Good, 125 to 150 is Fair, and
anything over 150 seconds is Poor.
Git Along Little
(or The Song of The Transition
by Allan Sharp
The following occurred to me during a
lecture on the subject in a Bio 200 tutorial. I will not attempt to describe my
mental state at the time but let it suffice
to say that cowboy songs are not generally found running through my head at
8.30 on Thursday (or any other time).
Non-biologists may not understand, but
that's tough.
(Sung to the tune of " Git along Little
(twangy guitar music)
(voice with a silly sounding American
As I was alookin' one morning with
At an endomembrane studded ribo-
I spied a vesicle a leaven' the E R
And it went a singing to the dictysome.
(chorus, sung by several voices similar
to the original)
Singin'; To the Golgi you go, git along
little proteins,
It's my work that moves you and none
of your own
To the Golgi you go git along little
You're bound for the Golgi and then
your new homes.
(back to the single voice)
Its on the E R they make you proteins,
When ribophorins bind a polysome
You're trapped in the membrane,
translations completed
Then you're shipped out on the way to
your homes.
(Chorus again, as if you wanted to
hear it)
It's us transition vesicles that get the
hard work
Of hauling your proteins off to your
new homes
Translation may be done on the sides
But you're to be sorted in the dichty-
(Chorus, followed by twangy guitar
While glycosolation begins in the E R,
The saccherides joined to you before
you can roam
It'll be in the cisternae that they'll do
the nice work
Differentiation occurs in the ol'
(Chorus, followed by squeaky violin
When you get there you'll be sorted
and processed
You and those like you will be set all
You'll be sorted v/ith those of the same
And then you'll be blebbed of to your
new homes
(Chorus, with really fake sounding
whip and cattle driving sounds)
The ribosome that made you was on
Not in the cytoplasm by itself alone
So you'll be secreted, or put in a
Or if you're real nasty, in a thick
(Chorus, with yodel)
If you're lysosymal, you get special
You get mannose P04 attached to you
A receptor will grab you, its made to
do that
And you'll get shipped off in a new
(Chorus and more twangy guitar music
before they finally quit)
Dear 432 Editor,
Here is a list of my favourite things:
1) kicking piles of fallen leaves in
the fall
2) the smell of strawberries in spring
3) the sound of church bells on a
Sunday afternoon
4) eggs that have red embryos in
5) when the cops don't have anything
to prove you did it
6) giving street winos turpentine in a
7) the urge you get to push someone
off a high balcony
8) the quiet that comes after someone
in pain passes out
9) the kind of skin that turns bright
pink after the first slap
10) peope who are quick to trust you
Jeff Shantz
Section 8
What a pleasant person you are - Ed.
Dear 432,
I was just wondering if any of you
could explain why I only get good reception on my tv when I stand 0.432 meters
away diagonally from the right hand
corner of the screen, on one foot, holding
a blue plastic toy sword high in my left
hand at 12°23' from the zenith and
touching the left rabbit ear of my TV
with my right ring finger. This is the
only position that works, but it gets very
uncomfortable after awhile. I phoned a
TV service man but he just laughed.
Milton Bearer
Snorkling 3
/ guess somebody up there just happens to like making you look ridiculous.
'"Today we're goi^g
To   QTilOY OUR F£iBM£>
The 432
Sports Report
by Gautam Lohia, Sports Coordinator
The second annual Science Tricycle
Race was a tremendous success. There
were many thrills and spills, dashes to
the finish, joys of victory and agonies of
defeat, as there are in all major sporting
events. Many people will remember this
race for the excitement it generated in
their lives on that chilly Friday in January.
Some highlights included:
1. The strength of Dr. Tripp overcoming
the structural design of the tricycles.
2. The relentiess breaking of trikes in
two (the handlebars came off)-
3. Computer Science's 7 teams.
4. Pharmacology's 5 teams (half the
5. Reg Peters' "tumble" to the finish line.
6. The well-dressed crew of the "Day
Trippers" from Biochem.
The race was covered by CBC television and shown as a feature story on the
6:00 news. The winning team was
Flagellar Propulsion from Biology, with
an incredible time of 1 minute 19.36
seconds. (These guys must practice.)
Runners up were the Oingo Boingos
from Chemistry, the Daemon Peddlars
from Comp Sci, and Physsoc I. If you
haven't picked up your T-shirts yet, you
can do so at Scarfe 9.
We donated $840.00, 6 rather used
tricycles, and 6 stuffed animals to
Children's Hospital. Thanks to everyone
for participating. I would like to thank all
the people who helped: Alison Gilbert,
Todd Abiett, Stella Wong, Matt Parker,
Donaree Nygard, Scott Davidson, Lov-
eleen Lohia, Sonia Chhabbra, Alan
Douglas, Annette Rohr, Julie Memory,
and Russ Monger - and all the judges and
anyone else I missed.
In other news, Computer Science Men
shared first place in the Division 2 category of the sub 6 basketball tournament
in Intramural Sports. Women won the
sub 5'8" basketball tournament.
Team   Naine
Mad   Mustachioed   Purple   Hued
C   Speedsters
Pedantic  Peddle   Pushers
Physsoc   I
Team Name
f A
The  Olnqo-Boinqo' s
'-■J I
The   Triklobikes
Spratley  S   the   Generic   5
Phroggers   (3rd  Years)
Team Name
Turing  Trikers
^  *
Zot's  Allen  Task   Force
Pascal   Pedallers
1 >*
Chemistry Chemistrikes
Physiology Trikers
\   k  *
Team Name
Daemon Peddlers
Flagellar  Propulsion
The  Krayon Factory
Binary Bikers
Day Trippers
Team Name
Wo r rus
1) Lethal  Dose
2) Dynamics
3) overdose
4) Pruqs   To   Gu
5) The Tricycle Antidepressants
Team. Name
1) The Biffo Videoids
2) Math Marauders
3) A. I. Aces
1) Physsoc I
2) Flagellar Propulsion
3) Oingo-Boingo's
4) Physiology Trikers
5) Day Trippers
1) Biology Cycloclones
2) A.I.   Aces
3) Daemon Peddlers
4) Triklobikes
5) Binary Bikers
1) Flagelllar Propulsion
2) Physsoc I
3) Oingo-Boingo's
4) Daemon Peddlars
2:01 :70
Scott Davidson, Master Mechanic.
UBC Intramural
Faculty Women
Conference A
Faculty Men
Conference A
Science Dominates
Ski Events
by David Way
Yes, yet another ski season is upon us
and, as usual, Science has dominated in
participation in both the Grouse Mountain Ski Challenge and the new Cypress
Bowl Ski Blitz. Both events were dual
slalom races, run twice for each participant, and included racing, leisure skiing,
meals, and a party afterwards.
Claudio de los Rios, Science 2nd Vice
Pres, clocked times of approximately 2
minutes 10 seconds on the Grouse
course pn January 19th, designed to be
run in 25 seconds. Of course, it was his
second time on skis (the first was least
year's Ski Challenge) and he did better
than many who fell during their runs.
Kande Williston, Science 1st Year Rep,
took 3rd place in the women's novice
category for her sheer enthusiasm (read
"hysterical screaming."). Science put in
42 of the 150 competitors. Conditions
were great and most put in a full day of
on the slopes. A fine buffet dinner was
destroyed very rapidly (once you got a
plate) and Tim Brecht, a one man band
and all-round entertainer, kicked the
crowd into high gear with his mix of
good dance tunes and hilarious songs if
lost love and farm animals. ("I've got a
cattle prod" is a personal favourite.)
About 65 hardy ski addicts (or party
animals) - of whom some 50% were
Science students - turned out two weeks
later on February 2nd at Cypress Bowl.
A more exclusive group than that at
Grouse braved temperatures below
minus 15 degrees and frozen water pipes
which closed the indoor washrooms,
forcing the use of outhouses on the
slopes. Conditions were a bit on the icy
side but some fresh powder made some
slopes quite nice. The races were followed by a treasure hunt (for 40 oz.
bottles of tequila) and a mogul competition in the afternoon.
Later in the day it warmed up a couple
of degrees and two lunatics were seen
sunning themselves under one of the
chairlifts. (Donations to the Canadian
Hypothermia Research Foundation in
lieu of flowers, please.) All survi - er,
skiers - retired to the Sandy Cove Pub in
West Van for a Mexican theme fiesta. A
great buffet of nachos, burritos, do-it-
yourself tacos, and salads was consumed
and certain participants were verbally
abused for hogging all the burritos.
Nearly everyone present got a door
prize. Kathleen Stormont won the
women's advanced category after being
accidentally moved up from the intermediate category. Other Science students
took other categories, but their names
and placements have temporarily escaped my mind.
Pt. Grey By-Election
In order to vote in the April 26,
1989 Pt. Grey provincial
byelection, you must register
to vote before polling day.
A registration centre will be set
up in SUB and at other locations. Contact the local Elections Office for more info.
Pt. Grey area residents only.
The 432
February 8,1989


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