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 UBC Archives Serial
is
WED   N    E    S   DA   Y
The Vancouver Sun, Saturday, Sept. 19, 1987     *#**
Landmark accord at Montreal
will only slow ozone depletion
I .N.-STIEN.   fc.lfc.MUr
By ROBIN LUDLOW
SeothamNews
OTTAWA
THE GLOBAL accord reached in Montreal
this week to protect the ozone layer is
being hailed as landmark and precedent-
setting, but it faces major hurdles before
it can be effective.
And the U.S. clearly does not see it as a precedent for taking action on acid rain.
After a week of headbashing, cajoling and compromise, 24 countries including Canada, the U.S.,
Japan and the Soviet Union worked a miracle of
sort; by signing the Montreal Protocol to slow the
deterioration of the ozone layer from chemical
pollution.
They agreed to trytostep searing great hole* in
the done layer—a Iragile band of gases 25 kilometres up that forms Uk Earth's natural protec-
tion from the sun's deadly ultraviolet rays.
There is a dramatic hole about the size of the
U.S. in the layer over Antarctica and • similar -
thinning about one-third that sire over the Arctic,
discovered by Environment Canada research-
era.
Skin cancer, eye cataracts, crop losses and
damage to marine life are already increasing
■■■DIPLOMACY ■■■
because of damage to the critical shield.
Under the goading of the United Nations
Environment Program, the signatories agreed to
cut the use of ozone-eating chlorofluorocarbons
by 50 per cent of their 1986 levels by mid-1999.
The chemicals are widely used in aerosol
sprays, refrigerators, air conditioners, computers
and foam products. Hundreds of thousands of
tonnes of these chemicals, worth more than $100
billion, annually waft their way upward and
damage the protective layer.
Refrigerators and air conditioners will ultimately cost more and replacements for Styro-
foam products will be costly.
For each two-per-eent ihinning of the ozone
layer, skin cancer increases by 10 per cent. The
effects are more pronounced at higher latitudes
and today Canadians already have as much as a
16-per-cent greater chance of skin cancer than
they did in 1950.
While the compromise agreement is better than
no action at all, it is (ar from ideal. It will come
into force only when countries that consume two-
thirds of the chemicals have ratified it and that is
expected to take at least a year.
Most countries, including Canada, would have
to pass new legislation to put the protocol into
effect, and Environment Minister Tom McMil- -
lan's controversial Environmental Protection
Act, not yet through second reading in Parliament, is likely to face opposition on other contentious matters.
At best, the Montreal agreement will only slow
the rate of ozone depletion — it won't stop it or
replenish it.
Environmentalists and Canadian politicians
had hoped that recognition of the ozone-depletion problem by the U.S. would be a harbinger of
hope on the acid rain issue.
But while Lee Thomas, the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency head, said the ozone accord
showed "an unprecedented degree of cooperating
in balancing environmental protection and economic development," he made it clear that he
views ozone and acid rain as separate issues.
McMillan's hope that Montreal could have been
a first step to action on acid rain was further dampened Thursday by the release of an acid rain
report in Washington which concluded that
because there is still considerable uncertainty on
most aspects of the acid rain problem, further
research is needed before controls can be justi-
OZONE
OH, 5CREV1  TH\S 'ftPNDOt^LM -"ROM -TUfoO&tf-Tv\£ 'Wit* Cfc«P I
THE PAPER
FOR SCIENCE
STUDENTS
UBC, Vancouver
Sept.  23/87
'NtimbervZ.
eBWweaapaj"
It's a potentially harmful form of oxygen (o ) if
inhaled, but its presence in the upper atmosphere of the
earth (12-30 miles above the ground) is vital in protecting
us from harmful ultra-violet rays.  Without the ozone layer,
life as we know it would not exist on this earth.
In 1974, two scientists: Professor PS Rowland and Dr. MJ
Molina, proposed a theory which was later substantiated by a
government sponsored study in 1976.  The theroy proposed the
harmful effects of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's), commonly used
in aerosol sprays as propellant, on the ozone in the upper
atmosphere.  The chlorofluorocarbons rise into the upper
atmosphere and the following reaction occurs:
1.
2.
CI + O,
CIO + O
•CIO + Oz
•CI + O 2.
Thus, molecules of ozone are effectively neutralized and
their UV-stopplng capacity is destroyed.
There was a public outcry accompaning the widespread
media coverage of these findings and despite protests from
aerosol manufacturers, the E.P.A. ("Environmental Protection
Agency) and the P.D.A.(Food and Drug Administration) in 1978,
placed a ban to restrict non-essential uses of
chlorofluorocarbons.  This restriction cut down on
approximately 50% of the CFC manufactured in the USA (about
25% of the World CPC production).  Meanwhile, manufacturing
of CFC's for such uses as polyurethane foam and coolants in
refrigerators and air conditioners was increasing, and the
EPA and the CFC industries continued to argue over further
resrictions.  Public concern, however, had almost disappeared
as the general public had been persuaded that any danger had
been averted.  Things seemed "ok" again and the ozone issue
dwindled away inconspicuously until 1985 when a "hole" about
the size of North America appeared in the ozone layer over
Antarctica.
In May 1985, scientists of the British Antarctic Survey
reported large unexpected losses of stratospheric ozone above
their station at Halley Bay and a team of scientists
travelled to Antarctica in late 1986 to learn more.  The
British researchers announced that ozone levels had been
decreasing since the mid 1970's on a yearly basis, especially
in September and October, and these reports were confirmed by
NASA's satellite obervations.  The "hole" is actually a
thining of the layer which has occurred every year since
measurement? began in the mid 1900's.
Three main theories were proposed to explain the
depletion;
i) the ozone was being destroyed by nitric oxides produced in
the atmosphere by the sun during an active solar cycle
ii) the ozone was being pushed aside by upwellings of air
from lower levels of the atmosphere
iii) the ozone was being destroyed in a series of chemical
reaction caused by chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere
The scientists who went to Antarctica to investigate in
August 1986 studied the chemical composition of the Antarctic
stratosphere.  They found that the ozone at that region
contained great amounts of chlorine compounds that are
capable of destroying ozone, lending strong evidence in
support of the CFC depletion theory.(iii)
Even in the light of the new evidence. Scientists said
that there was not enough data to reach a definite
conclusion.  This led to delays in action against CFC
production.
But why so much fuss about a small percentage of ozone
being destroyed anyway?  For one thing, whether the depletion
will remain small is a doubtful subject.
The effects of increased UV radiation on the biosphere
includes:
i) a higher frequency of skin cancer with a probable
mortality rate
ii)  increase in carcinoma (tumors) and perhaps in other UV-B
related conditions in cattle, leading to economic loss,
iii) a reduction in crop and timber yields
iv) a decrease in plankton production with conseqences on the
aquatic food chain
v) changes in the competitive ability among organisms, Which
could alter the entire ecosystem
Clearly, the ozone layer is a problem which requires
immediate action in order to prevent dire consequences.
Professor Rowland advised that the use of CFC's as a
propellant in aerosol spray cans be banned on a world-*wide
basis- the same advice given by the National Academy of
Sciences in 1979.  In early 1985 (before the ozone, hole
report), approximate 30 nations signed the Vienna Convention
for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and discussions are
still continuing between governments throughout the world on
tha ^e^u^fcioa o| ;i#'©^ti released into the atmosphere.
Urifo^tUBfflifeij^i talknyithout action leads to nothing and in^
the words of professor FS Rowland (New Yorker, June 9, 1986):
"It is pointless to waste time estimating what the production
of chlorofluorocarbons will be in the year 2050, because the
environmental consequences of their use will have long since
overtaken us.  In short, the atmospheric experiment whose end
cannot be predicted is well under way, and the hole in the
ozlintv layer above Antarctica is, unfortunately, just the
beginnings"
GILLIAN McNAMARA Science  is mainly a matter of finding the errors
in current ideas. Caution is called for.
I graduated in the spring of 1961 as a
fully licensed geneticist. It was an exciting
time to be starting in that field. We thought
we had become very sophisticated: we knew how
many chromosomes people have, we knew that DNA
is the genetic material and we had just learned
about the operon - groups of genes strung
together under one controlling switch. We
believed the DNA in chromosomes was made up of a
series of pieces joined by a non-DNA 'linker'.
In the few years following my graduation,
exciting new techniques were developed and
refined: hybridization of nucleic acids, binding
of DNA to specific places in chromosomes, use of
radioisotopes and density gradient
centrifugation. We learned that the Y
chromosome is what determines sex in a newly
fertilized egg. We cracked the triplet code,
discovered messenger RNA and derived the genetic
dictionary. There was a real sense that we were
gaining fundamental insights into gene structure
and regulation.
I dwell on this period to remind you that
the current excitement over new revelations in
science is not new. I cannot stress that enough
- there have been many examples in different
areas of science of rapid growth brought on by
new theories or instruments. But only very
recently, scientists revelled in the search and
discovery. My field of expertise was an
esoteric once called 'chromosome mechanics',
which used the fruitfly as a model. We had
achieved great sophistication in rearranging
genes and chromosomes, and we derived
intellectual pleasure from our manipulations.
We took pride in doing 'fundamental' work with
no immediate or obvious application. We pushed
back the frontiers of knowledge for the sheer
joy of it.
But ever since the Manhattan Project, Big
Science has been tied to the political and
economic objectives of governments. Today, we
cannot imagine science without the massive
infusion of money from the military. And now,
biology has moved into the public eye as a
discipline with enormous economic potential.
Science is no longer the domain of underpaid
faculty members working with meagre research
funds; governments invest large amounts and
in return, demand tangible profits.
LOOKING   BACK
So today, academics are rushing to exploit
new ideas in the world of business.
'Biotechnology' is one of the hottest fields in
the stock market. But wait a minute! If
scientists had had the same impulse to translate
their work into profits when I graduated, what
would we have done? We did have impressive new
tools and ideas, but we didn't know anything
about insetion sequences within eukaryotic
genes. We didn't know how messenger RNA was
processed between the nucleus and cytoplasm. We
didn't know all of the factors involved in
translating RNA into protein. We didn't know
the importance of DNA sequences 'upstream' or
downstream' from the coding region of a gene.
We didn't know that a chromosome is a single
continuous molecule of DNA. Today we know all
of that and more.
Were we so Incredibly naive in the 60's?
Of course not. A quick reflection on the
history of science shows that scientific
knowledge advances by attempting to 'make sense'
of experimental results and observations. That
in turn, leads us to do further experiments or
to look for more detail. Current ideas are by
nature tentative; their main function is to
focus on the ongoing inquiry. Whether or not
they're right is of secondary importance.
Wrong, irrelevant or unimportant
Indeed, looking«back at the vast literature
accumulated in the decades since my graduation,
I am most impressed by how few papers seem
important today. Most articles add at best a
small increment to our body of knowledge; many
are wrong, irrelevant or unimportant. Out of
the mountain of literature, a few papers will
emerge over time as truly important
contributions.   This  is note to  denigrate  or
^Editors
VINCE  JIU
JEAN  GUAY
Layout
LESLIE  CHAN
downgrade     the  value  of all  those     publications.
They    are     necessary    but   it   is     inevitable     that
only    a     few will  represent  truly    novel     work.
This  was  always  true   In the  past,     and  even more
so    now that  there are so many    more    scientists
with  overlapping   interests.
The point is this. We know that very
little of what we are reporting today will stand
the test of time. We know that even our most
exciting ideas will be modified, refined, and
transformed with more research. We know tha
today's 'hot' model will be tomorrow's discard.
In short, most of what goes on in science is
showing that our current ideas are wrong. Why
then are we so anxious to rush immediately to
exploit every new insight? Surely history warns
us to be extremely cautious in using tentative
knowledge.
Today our new powers seem to hold out the
promise of eliminating mutations and hereditary
disease, increasing longevity, cloning
individuals, and creating novel organisms for
release into the environment. Geneticists, of
all people, should know their history. Early in
this century, some of the leading geneticits of
the day created a new 'science' of eugenics.
They thought that their powerful discoveries
have them a way to eliminate harmful hereditary
conditions and to 'improve' the human race.
That tragic delusion ended in the Holocaust. It
behooves us to learn from history and not repeat
the  same  mistakes.
DIMENSIONS,     April     1987
Dr.   David  Suzuki
With  permission     from
THE BLACK HAND
I wish to stress that the Black
Hand does not exist.  Vicious
and permicious rumours have been
Dlanted in the populace that this
so-called "orqanization" is
responsible for the recent spate
of oaintinq and tarrinq of the
Applied Scientists' cairn.  This
is absolutely not the case.  It
could not be, for, as I said, the
Black Hand is a non-entity.
As   this   year   beqan,   we   discovered
that   Darren  McBratney,   widely
regarded  as   the   chief   coordinator
of   the   Black   Hand   (a   preposterous
notion   of   course),   was   not  returning
to   UBC.      Thus,   there   was   a   clamour
for   a   new  coordinator.      None   has   yet
been   found,   but   the   Black   Hand   is
going  about   its   non-existent
business  anyway.
If   you  are   interested   in  performing
pranks  and   stunts,   the   Black   Hand
would   be   interested   in   you,    if   it
existed,   which,   of   course,   it
doesn't.      You   could   leave   a   messaqe
in   the   SUS   office,   but   no   one   would
read   it—no   one  authorized,   anyway.
But   you   could   try.      We   make   no
quarantees.   None   whatsoever.
This  article  will   self  destruct   in
ten  seconds.
Dr.  Bob  M.D.
JULLIET ARMSTRONG
MORGAN BURKE
GILLIAN McNAMARA
Journalists
Artists
PETER MacDOUGALL
DAVID  NG
KEN   OTTER
JOE  WU
The  Science
Undergraduate
Society
Scarfe  9,  UBC
228-4235
Published by: MINUT
Submitted by Jean Antoine
SEPTEMBER 17, 1987
PRESENT:   Todd Abiett, President; Michael Gienister,
Treasurer; Stella Hong, Sports Co-ordinator; Brian Pataky,
AHS Rep.; Derek Miller, Publications Co-ordinator; Doni
Jacklin, Public Relations; Barry Mark, Science Senator; Jan
Heisbrod, 4th year rep.; Shawn HcDuff, Sheryl Tewnion, 3rd
year rep.; Margaret Fraser, Physsoc President; Alex Pope, cs3
Rep.; Patty Cariichael, Dawson Rec; Dale Shawchuck, Sales
Manager; Srover tap, Charity Co-ordinator; Vines Jiu, Jean
Guay, 432 Editors.
GUESTS:   Linda Low, Acadeaics Coiiittee Chairperson; Sara
Fisher, Ian Hakeford, Blood Drive Co-ordinators;
Can Dowali, Science student.
The meeting was called to order by todd Abiett at i:30p§.
POSITIONS: Nosinations and elections were opened for
council positions.
NOMINATIONS; Can Dowali was noainated as a 2nd year rep.
AHS: The AHS is trying to set up an electronic sailing systei
to keep UBC inforaed of jobs available in the East. Job
opportunities available. Apply at AMS business office.
AIRBAND: It will take place on Friday, Nov. 13 froa 7:30 to
12:00. Ticket price will be $3 in advance and $4
at the door. The entry is liaited to 20 bands.
Sound systea rental will cost $500. All faculties
are invited.
BLOOD DRIVE: It will take place during Science Meek and
daily prizes will be given. Eaphasis will be
to placed on coapetitions between faculties and
departments who give the aost blood.
ACADEMICS This is a channel for students to voice their
COMMITTEE: concerns. A box will be set up in SUB to receive
input and office hours will be assigned in Scarfe
to receive concerns. An Excellence Award will be
inaugurated and noainations can be subaitted
twice a year.
SPORTS: Science turnout for the
Terry Fox Run was very
low. However, $400 was
donated! Stella needs
help for soae events.
Anyone interested will
be appreciated. More
woaen are needed to
coapete in sports.
CS3: The club had their first
general aeeting and
turnout was great! A new
department head was installed.
SENATE: 3 student senate positions are vacant.
Anyone interested should
subait an application
for the Science Senate
position before Sept.
24, 1987.
The aeeting was adjorned at 2:30pa.
FROM THE
PREZ
"hi-,   iir 111 If   will    derfl    with   soiiipt hi nti   th.Jl    i=   <■)•_,   hard   to
11 Hurt-   iis.it   ri=,   it    i?.   tu   write   ab'.-ut,.       I'm   reftn ldc   to   those
itku-ji ■ ,il    diii)   mv.t "r i i.'.i'-.   (ju.-.l i) ie-3   -if    Spirit    .inn   Drive.
I"i <    fii->t    c<t tt. iiii> I    to   urite   tKis   Artfl"   >-.ti=ii-ted   with   u
l-ittpr    iiiid   "M ash l nil   alt act    of    th'--'..,'   nt    v" i   wno   never
h<ii < i<  »r. Jtf.       I    *-.|-.j. i«*]]v   -. ■-ndi-miifij   thii^e   -if   v«"'ii   i'1-^imiriii
*■•   !j~    mtert-sh1!'   iri   Mt'lniiia    v'i.i-     fi-lliiw   i-itin    - t?n.    rnt'd 1«. 1 nt»,
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i- ■*     < !-»»li     ^    -l nil  1 ,-   t i -.^1 l.' i»t l ■ r.   ' -*i
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-'i- -ini    -if    v .i i    1    r i -i':    -..   ' r ^    \ ■
->•   >   -i   linii't    i rivL-   1,-11    *. imp.       Ii      .-* hi"ir
'f      -'ri-_1r^nt    i-f.i-fi,--i -n,    ri.inii.iici    -f r c-m
fi"hji.-.   v-'iu   drn   i.m'iIv   n-:f     *   1    iii,
t-i'i1'     *m! I- i.;   .!,ii>i t ,j   '-t ■_ ls •/ . 11- j .      T-i..-.L.
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'-"i.       ">■"  i   ■» i 1 '    li .ij'u'i'    ', ■   :    ',t-r i ,
'iii.-   hi ii*--.-h. mjI .    uii.ii'in>i   vi-.ii   Inn;    J.jmh   .n.
.   ',    ;.>--!.    --ii    t-,.-i   ,.    frw   m-.it-    iriPii'J      tn.jn
t  ■     .     ! i -    '.i »r iJ-     ■ ,i      1 .i.hj-.,    *ri i i   .
:]..,rnr,     .f     ,ni   t-.-via    */,il'.     .1   t    1- flt-lriF-r.
S'-AdpiTiii    u''->-I .       vi.-Li   frirti'itrtin   tooth   si^li jl
inti-r.-st'-   .ir-i!   vi.i   il-■   tin-,   while   (H..ii nt.'.. .1 nn   vuur    nsrU.       You
wiii    iji-.3dii.t1t-    fr-..ri   herf>   .i   •.'■•malnte   Dei tmii.       There   art-   uthnr
nt?i \  .   t'-.t*.   u^.'   with   this.      Ulhother    you   remain   in   Science   ttt.
urn -»pt si t. v-   ■-i-    hrart   '--n   to   the   broad   spui-truni   of   ursfessini'ia!
.-itrp^rs   the   ne...(i]p   vt-ii   mi-pt   hpre   will   be   a   definite   asset    in
your    * ut Lire.
I   do   not   wish)   any   harm   to   those   -jf   you   not   involved.
Yiiu   art.-  noma   th^t   yourself.      To   those   of   you   who  do   not
believe   in   life   oassinu   you   hy,   you   know   the   others   ure
lea J uw,   uf   yoii.
In   clnsinq   I   rvalue   some   of   yt.iu   will   scoff   at   this
arfiri...    some   will    be   made   uncomfortable   and   some   will   nut
havu   the   stamina   to   finish   reading   this.       I'm   not   overly
■.on. urned   about   you.      Those  that   fet-1   a  bit   of   pride  jnri
I n.--w  they  are   involved   Ceven   if   in   some   small   wav '   I   h.:nt--
1 ' vc   helped   your   dav   alona.      And   as   a   final    sh.it    I   wj 1 1
remind   you  that   you  can  always,  aet   invol ved-i t' •=  npvut    too
i.tte.   Try   it    -    jus,t   start   witfi  a  half   hour   per   weii> .
I
Todd Abiett
SUS Pres. 87 /88
Good eveninq comrades. I
brinq you an up to date bulletin
regardinq my current activities
within the SUS. I am once aqain
in control of the SUS money
supply. (Heh, Heh). In order
for me to serve you better, I can
be found in Scarfe #9 at the
followinq times:
Monday
Tuesday
* Friday
2:30 - 3:30
1:30 - 2:30
3:30 - 4:30
*Friday is primarily my pink
slip day. Money requests received
durinq the week will definitely
(almost) have a cash disbursement
completed for Friday. Therefore
it is only, necessary to drop by on
a Friday when lookinq for
reimbursements! For EMERGENCY
cases, money requests can be
processed earlier, but Intramural
rebates rarely classify as
EMERGENCY.
I look forward to seeinq you.
Michael Gienister
SUS Treasurer
w
all, here we are back for another year.   The sumaer
seeaea to lit by so" fast it all seejss, U+:e a "bUc^to,,.jis
'now'."" However,'durina this "Hip'.^e'AflS~~'&ift%j^Jpmf"'
two wei'fcs,   Hers in the hiahiiahts;
-UBC was pressured to divest any noney that was invested in
any coapanv thi
'ave an African interest.
-The Disabled Student's Association and the Coalition
Asainst Aids Association became constituted as AMS clubs.
-An ad-hoc coHittee was fonsed to study all aspects of the
UBYSSEV, includina such issues as to vihsther we should uay
the editors, and how content should be manaaed.
-Ron Patton was aopointed as the new Gmbudsinan.
-An AIumni associate lee has been set at $70. This fee
crovidsis AIuspI with an AHS card allowirio theBi the same sort
of benefits as students receive,
-Intrasmrals has oroisised to publish a cooy of their budget
m the Ubvssev, but so far I have not seen anvthina. Keep
those teeners oeelsd. (How's that for alliteration)
-Aporonsiatfciv $70,CCO worth of tycesettina and camera
eauipment Has been bc-ueht bv the AMS to aid in the layout
etc. of the uBYSSEY. In the lono run, this will save us
ffionev. as we no lonoer have to contract out the work.
-A computer network will be set
students whc
interested
are available in the
no loncer have to correspond or travel to the East to find
out about employment opportunities. Hatch for details,
-Sac applications are now beinc accepted until Sent. 25th,
1987. Applv at the AMS business office. There is also one
vacancy on the Aauatic Center manaceTient board.
-AKS budget has been drawn up and approved. If you have any
interest in seeinc the ficures tor Tortellini's, The Pit,
Copy Center, etc., see ae in Scarfe 5.
-"Meet the Brass", cose into the Fit, October 5, 1987, at
7:00 Ph, This is where vou can aeet Dr. Stranaway, various
ssabers of the Board of Governors, steabers of Senate...
-Great Trecker Sinner is on October S, 1987. This is a
formal dinner where someone who has contributed a areat deal
to UBC and the coMmnitv is honoured, This year, the
Pereault brothers will be the recepients.
BRIAN PATAKY, AMS REP. Head   of
Physics
The department of Physics has an
enviable reputation for "technology
transfer".  With such developments
as the MOLI CELL, Vortek Lamps and
the TIR System, the department's
capability to transfer ideas into
viable companies outside the
university has brought much esteem to
this department.
Funded by government grants,
agencies, contracts from companies and
NSERC (National Sciences and
Engineering Research Council), the department draws on these resources to
perform research in magnetism, Superconductivity and Low Temperature
Research, just to name a few....
Under the direction of Dr.
Turrell who replaced Dr. Williams
this year, he has the task to
further the department's reputable
stance.
When interviewed, Dr. Turrell
said that job prospects at universities
are very briqht.  He said that many
professors in the near future will
be retirinq and the door is open to
younqer individuals.
This year, two of the world's
top scientists were drawn back to
UBC.  Ian Affleck, physicist, and
David Lowe,  a top-notch computer
designer.  Through electronic
communications and face-to-face
conferences, the CIAR (Canadian
Institue of Advance Research) was
able to attract back scientists
engaged in the leading edge of
research.
With the insertion of a Co-Op
program last year, the Physics
department is well on its way in
providinq students with the
opportunity to integrate into the
professional world.
For any interested, Dr. Turrell
will be discussing what the Physics
department is doing in research on
October 1, 12:30 at Hebb 10.
Everyone is invited.
Dr. Turrell
By Morqan Burke
TRIUMF. Most UBC students are aware of
its unobtrusive existence at the south end of
camous, but how many are really aware of
what's qoing on back there in the bushes? As
it turns out, TRIUMi?1 is far more than just an
enclave of esoteric research, beinq not only a
world force in subatomic physics, but. a source
of diverse Dractical applications of particle
science.
TRIUMF (the TRI-Jniversitv Meson Facility)
is Canada's premiers particle physics laboratory, and houses the world's largest cyclotron: a 4000 ton, pinwheel shaped array of
electomaanets which accelerates neqatively
charqed hydroqen ions to energies as
hiqh as 520 million electron volts. This is
enough to get those little guys clipping along
at 75% the speed of light, where, due
to relativistic effects, they are 50% more
massive than when they beqan. The particles
take a fleetinq 326 microseconds to reach full
speed, bv which time thev have travelled up to
45 kilometres. Though there are other accelerators in the world that accelerate particles
to higher energies, TRIUMF has one the three
most intense proton beams in the world (it
accelerates about GOO trillion particles per
second), thus assurinq its place at the forefront of modern fundamental science.
The accelerated hydroqen ions are then
shot throuqh striooino foils, which remove
their electrons, leavinq only the nuclei
bare crotons. These make their way alonq beam
lines to either the Meson Hall, where they
bombard carbon tarqets, producinq pi-mesons
(or nions) to be use:I in further research, or
off to the Proton Hall to be used in the study
of heavier nuclei. TRIUMF has been a boon not
only to Canadian science, but to the world.
TRIUMF
Bee
it\
W.
ith     the     start     of  a  NEW school  year  and     a     NEW
location  for  the  Science  Undergraduate   Society     office,
what     could    be     a     better  time  than     to     start     a     NEW
committee        -   the     ACADEMICS       COMMITTEE. Our       main
objective     is     to     establish a     channel     through     which
students     can     voice  out   their  concerns,     be  it     unfair
marking     schemes,       or     unreasonable     exam       schedules.
Moreover,  we  will be  in charge  of  setting  up a  Teaching
Excellence  Award, and the  famous  'Black & Blue  Review'.
If     you  are  interested  in  representing  your     department
in     our     Academics   Committee,     there  will be  a     sign-up
sheet     posted     In     Scarf     9. I     want     to     have       all
departments  well  represented.
Academics   coordinator: Linda   Lo
The  Science  Undergraduate  Newspaper  wishes  to  thank  Dr.
Turrell   for  taking time  to meet with the  editor.     Our  sincere
thanks  goes  to the department  of Microbiology and  Statistics
for  having accepted  our   invitation.     In the  next   issue,   we
will   feature  the  Department  of  Microbiology.     We  would  like
to  reassert  our   invitation to  the  other  departments   in the
Faculty of  Science  to  open  up  their  doors  to  our  Science
Undergraduate  readers. ^y^x\h.^KK
*Befo*e
AFTER
acid rain
"Do  you  know  something  about   acid  rain?"
"Do   you  have   an   opinion   on  acid  rain?"
SEND  US  YOUR THOUGHTS  (preferably  in  writing)
to   THE   432-  in  Scarfe   9.
Yva<
43'
di**eY
e^
oitVces
*lie '   ^ xiear!>
Because   432   cases   of   amber   nectar   are  consumed
during  the  paper's   production.
*'  thus
Editor's   I.Q.
is   four   hundred  and  thirty-two  (432)
the  vears  where mos
t   students   are
WINNERS /
The    432    would    like    the    people    who    have
already   entered   the   contest.      To   all   the
other   people    who    did    think   about    it    but
never    got     around    to    doing    so    there    i;
still   time    to   enter!      This   biweekly   draw
was     won    by    Jeff     Leroux    (the    poor     soul
really    wanted    to    win,    he    submitted    half
the      entries!). By      the      way,      if     you
haven't     entered    because     you     don't     have
anybody    the     go    to     dinner     with    you    can
always   take   out    one   of   the   editor   or   one
of   the   lovely   staff.
the
432
Can you guess as to why we've
called the paper THE 432?  Get
those pens and pencils rolling
because we have prizes galore to
give away.  Let's hear from you.
Whether it be totally absurd or
totally true, you have a shot at
the grand prize and much, much
more.
GRAND PRIZE!  Dinner for two at 'Foggs and Suds'
Bl-Weekly Prize:  A Science Wlnd-Breaker for the,_„
' ."'"' best: entry" ~ " ~a~- T~ -"■"- " •=-=j»^-«
Entry Prise:  Four 'suds' t-shirts will be awarded
to entrants meeting the bi-weekly
entry deadlines.
CONTEST RULES
1. The contest is open to Science students only.
SUS executives are not eligible to enter.
2. Bach entry must be accompanied by a fully
completed ORIGINAL entry form. Copies of the
entry form will not be accepted.
3. All entries will be considered for the Bi-weekly Prize and the Entry Prize meeting the
bi-weekly entry deadline.
4. All entries become the property of the SUS and
will not be returned.
5. The contest closes OCTOBER 16, 1967.
6. The decision of the judges is final.
Ths second bi-weeklv entry deadline is Fridav,
Oct, 2, 1387. entries received on or before
this date are eliaibie for i;he Bi-veefciy prize 'and
the Entry prize. Drop off your entry in the SUS
Contest Bos, Scarqe Building , Rooa 3
[fit 43^    «*»/W/
Name:
1 Phone:
1
l_-_
do a Jj£ U C K
/ EDITORIAL
-Jean Guay
Have you ever parked in B-Lot?  If you
have, you must surely realize that the
system doesn't work. Not only do students
have to put up with the gate coming down on
their car the minute the Lot is fuil but also
many students who have legitimately entered
the Lot cannot find a parking spot.  The
problem arises from the fact that some students have figured a way to enter the Lot
even when it is full.  It's not surprising,
but what is comes from the fact that the
Traffic Department hasn't made previsions to
avoid the situation.  If the pinheads in that
department want to know how they can correct
the problem they can contact me.  Meanwhile,
what happens to honest people who enter the
lot in good faith only to find out that there
is no more parking spots.  The problem continues when the lot is cracking full and a car
exits, the system lets another car in even
when the Lot is still overflowing.  The net
result? The car, that has entered legally
and in good faith, will be stuck parking in
an illegal place after having looked for an
empty spot for fifteen minutes.  But then, a
Pinhead Cowboy comes along ticketing any
cars which are not parked in their neat
little spots.  The alternative, paying 25
cents to get out without a parking spot and
late for class!  So lets just hope that the
Traffic Department uses the fine money to
improve the system so innocent students don't
have to pay even more fines.
;<m^  7    7:^^
CLU
NOTICE TO ALL MEMBERS'OF THE
UBC PHYSICS SOCIETY
We 'will be holdind' our Sene'rarMeetina on
Thursday, September 24 in Heswsinos 301 at
12:30oBi. The purpose of themeetino is to
elect year representatives and to plan
events for the cosine yea/.
PHYSSOC LECTURE SERIES
Dr. Brian Turrell (Bept. Head) will speak
on the Physics departaent and its coals.
Tiae: S2;30pa, Thursday Oct. 1_
Place; Hebb 10
Douqfmuts Afterwards!.
CUPC CONFERENCE
University of Calaarv-
Presentations in 3 cateatories: .
-poster, short paper, aajor paper
-subjects are of your choosinq
Meet and hear presenters froa
around the country. For aore info,
contact the Physics Society in
Henninas 307 before Sept. 25/87.
Cheaistry, Pr.e-fied,
Hath, HicrobioloQV,
Coaputer Science,
Seoloqicai Sciences,
Astronoay/Aerospace
and Physsoc.
These are
the dubs
that Science
has to
offer to
students.
So,
qet involved
and join
a club!
Clubs,
let's hear
froa you.
We have
space
devoted to
your
audience.
MAN WHO MOVED AT THE
—SPEED OF LIGHT
PETER MacDOUGALL
He reasoned it this way: "I see two birds flying very
fast beside each other, winging across the countryside
without anything but the air itself to slow their speed.  To
me they move very fast.  Yet, if I were one of the birds, my
friend, the other bird would not seem to be moving at alI to
me; he would get neither closer nor farther.  So it would
seem that we are standing stiI I while the countryside whizzes
under us.  Is the reality the way I see it from the ground,
or the way I see it through the bird's eyes?  Could it
actually be that, though I seem to be standing still,
actually me, the Earth, and the birds are moving.  Perhaps at
some phenomenal speed?"
He reeled for a moment.  "Then being stationary is an
illusion and only speed exists."  He sat down quietly on the
shaded grass leaning his back against the fence.  It was a
warm summer day, ideal for philosophical thought and idle
meanderings of the mind.  He asked hirnsel f, "I wonder how
fast I'm moving?  Could I ever really tel!?"
He smiled, "Maybe I am moving very slow..."  He looked
about with a bemused smile on his face at the blue skies, the
cool shadows, green grasses, and the birds and clouds hanging
in the air.  "No I feel too giddy to be moving slow.  I must
be moving fast, very fast!"  The birds continued flying
oblivious to him.
From his sitting vantage point he watched the sun mount
the sky then crash into the western horizon.  The stars
whirred in arcs through the short night and the sun exploded
out of the east in mere moments.  "Maybe I could be moving
faster than I think..." his thoughts continued.  The sun,
moon, and stars strobed through the sky a thousand times a
minute while he pondered his speed.
He sat in the writhing grass, against the fence that
quickly aged and crumbled into dust.  "I can see alI of
history from here!" he was quite pleased to find.  In
boggling rapidity, scene after scene enacted itself before
him while he sat enrapt watching, the progression.  "What a
most marvelous discovery!  It's a pity I cannot share it with
anyone."  As soon as anyone appeared before him they
disappeared, their curiosity unequal to his velocity.
"What discussions we could have.  Perhaps I could be
going faster..."  Everything flashed past his sitting vantage
point with such rapi-dity now that it was getting difficult to
follow.  "I wonder how fast God travels?  What velocity is
his?  Perhaps he is faster...I should Iike to meet him."
Suddenly something whirred past his view that caught his
eye but he could not make it out.  "What was that?  Damn."  I
would have liked to have seen it."  Centuries uniolded in a
breath.  The sun strobed and exploded as a nova into dying
embers.  And then,|here was nothing. ;
• "vV^I'seeme^'^fP^Svif^SeSBi^^^SWi
had ended, the grassy hill was gone, the birds, clouds, sun
and stars, too.
"But is there truly a limit?  How can there be a limit
to speed when there is no beginning, no zero speed?" he
reasoned and then started thinking on a different track.
"Perhaps this limit is the zero point, a.n   arbitrary starting
and finishing point, and speed is but a circle."  He pondered
that for the rest of eternity, which was a minute.
"Circles go end on end, and the end is but the
beginning."
He smiled, "maybe I can catch that bit I missed!" he
rubbed his chin and leaned back against the ether, waiting
for the show to start again.
SALE:  Prices are listed on the back page.
^.r^^y^s****^'' SCIENCE
STUDENTS
THURSDAY
ocr8th
$55
T per
TEAM
ft/ftftO*.
rtejn'i <«A(i W«ma> ^ugjftce tanim
COMPETITIVE
/or
JUST FOR/FU
Buags -tout &»» gjet-Bn^-f
TEAM
^w-   a&tr mom      lat*.
REGN SEPT21-OCT2
for
g Scarfe 9or phone 22H*fe;&r, UBC
* 8poson   tday- w!^
:Kfc VGH
l -1.3 l*«
For those new to UBC, this is the major Intramural event ir
i-anada.
a.   i slc   w
th S people running from VGH to UBC,
Registration:   Sept. 21-0ct. 2
Race Date:   Oct. 8 at 12:30jiis (Sub Plaza)
Cost: $55.00/teaa ($7.00 let  person)
If you register under Science, you will be rebated of 66a
and you will receive a T-Shirt when you replster,   Sion up
at Scarfe S and evervon? is welcome.
The run sill be held from 22:30 to 2:30m and will not
interfere with vour classes:.
Free transcorfatten u orovided.     The run is easy and
anyone :s capable,   f<j( iiiors info, call Science
Underaratiuate Society at 228-^23?.
UP   TO     &6TO22     IN     PHIIE4     TO    Be      WON,'//
•.&U&.-.©AiUJRO0li'
-RENTER? ScMgp S aw
* A  ^CveNTlFlC^PfcvjC-TtOsi*
DATE;
Friday. Nov. 13. 7:30-12:00 AH
LOCATION:
Sub Ballroom
FRIIEA:
2nd	
 $300
3rd	
 $200
SPECTATOR
COST;
JS/oerson in
advance
$4/person at
the door
ENTRIES:
Deadline:
Friday, October 30
Group Size:
7 people maxi/nut
Cost:
$60 per aroup
(you pet 20 Tickets!)
Sell them to friends!
$40/ sinale entry
(you pet 10 tickets')
Sell the tickets and keep the money
L
-He provide sound and liahts, the rest is up to
you (please list special esuipffient for act)
-You srnst hand in your tape with the sonqs (2) by
September 30, 12:00 noon.
-Sonas are MX 3:00 siinates Cie. 180 sec)
-B75R.    Guess what is 75 CENTS??!:    (Sorry, no minors)
BRIEF
The Science Undergraduate Society on
behalf of all Science
students at UBC
donated $400 to the
Terry Fox Run on
September 13,1987.
The money was raised
by holding a loose
leaf paper sale with
all proceeds going to
the cause.  Well done!
The Scavenger Hunt on
September 16, 1987
drew up odd items such
as "nude" playing cards,
rocks and insects...
The participants had
an unforgettable time!
Winners walked away
with $30 and the
runner-up with $20.
The position of Science
Senator is vacant.
Previously occupied by
Gary Mark, he is now
pursuing his educational
endeavours.
The UBC Health Science
Center Hospital is
looking for Volunteers.
Registration is being
accepted on Sept. 24.,
12:30pm at the
Psychiatric Unit
Lecture Theatre.  All
interested are invited
to the orientation.
You can make a
"difference!
Today is CLUBS -DAY, it
continues until Friday.
Be inquisitive and open
to a world of opportunities at your
choosing.  Join!
The Science Undergraduate Society is
looking for individuals
to fill the position of:
1) 2nd Vice
2) Social Co-Ordinator
3) 1st year Reps.
Anyone interested should
see Todd Abiett at once.
Expo Center will soon
become the new
"Science World" complex.  The federal,
provincial and the
city of Vancouver will
each cover the cost of
the conversion.  Not
only will it attract
tourists but it will
extend to communities
from Ft. St. John to
Victoria and from
Prince Rupert to
Cranbrook in the
Science forum.
The
Computer
Science
Club
invites
all  Gbmp
Sc.
students
.to  the1
Welcome   Back
Night   on
Frid
ay,   September   25
at   4
:30   in  Room  203A
(Clu
b  Office
).     Meet
your
profs   and   enjoy
liquid   refreshment.
See
you  there!
PROFESSORS t
\j\JHEM TH-B HArtT> IS AJOT COAJAJECTt-D   TO
TH">e   MOUTH.
^
0-*^
i.^°
^^llllHl1
AND SO HVDWftM
P
grofessors are given a captive
audience.  This, in my experience,
has been exploited.  One extreme
example comes to mind.  I will
call him Dr. H. Bvrd to protect
his identity.  The first lecture
with this professor was fine-
ouite often it is nice to hear a
little bit about the life of a
professor to create a familiarity
with him and an understanding about
who he is.  However, the rest of
the year was a basic survey course
of the private life, hobbies and
research of professor Byrd (interspersed with the odd piece of info
relatina to our course).  The
lecture, as I mentioned, contained
at least the odd piece of course
related material--I could -live with
that.  Then I was pushed beyond my
boundary of tolerance:  one day, he
devoted the entire hour to a slide
show presentation of his artwork.
What does this have to do with
Science?!  If I was interested, I
would have been in Fl^e J^rts,.- ..  ,_
Thanks to my~textbook!~~I~ passed^'ifhV^
course.  I am sure that most of the
other students passed for the same
reason.  The fact that we had passed
left no indication of what a terrible
lecturer he was and so he is out
there somewhere this year...BEWARE!
INSIGHT
If vou have a gripe about a certain
professor and the methods he uses in
teaching, THE 432 would like to hear
from you.
THE 432 takes no responsibility whatsoever for the opinions expressed by
the student populace.
T,
he   432  is  looking  for   dedicated
individuals   to  join  our   staff.
If  you have  the  capability   for
writing,  researching,  and looking
for   THE STORY,  join  us!     We  are
also  searching  for   an  Advertising Manager (commission basis)
and able bodies  to distribute  our
newspaper,; THE 432.     The
experience  will be  worthwhile.
Come  join bur  TEAM!
Our  sincere  thanks   to  Dr.
McGregor  for  allowing  us  the  use
of  the  facilities  in  the  Scarfe
Building  for   our  Newspaper
production. SPORTS
2*r\
If you haven't been phoned yet, come down to Scarfe 9 and
leave a message for one of our Sports Rep. or call 228-4235.
Sports Rep,
^\\* \-»v*.«*V
Bernard   (Chemistry)-  Men's   Soccer
Linda        (Chemistry)-  Women's   Soccer
Gautam     (Comp.   Sc.)-   Basketball
Henry   (Oceanography)-  Arts   20
Scott        (Biology)-  Volleyball
Registration ends Sept. 25
Suys/Sirls sign up now for THE
EVENT of the year under BC Place.
Sports  Co-ordinator:
Registration ends on Oct. 2 for the
3 on 3 Basketball Tournanent and the
Basketball League,   Sign up fast!
Guys and SirIs wanted.
BASKETBALL
Stella-  other  sports
•a.
VOLLEYBALL
ICE HOCKEY
Registration ends Sent. 25!
Sharpen your skate for action!
Girls, where are you?
^c^
**&
SOFTBALL
..«#/<
t.'i'»»•?«»* .,
TOUCH FOOTBALL
Science has 3 teais entered.
The event takes place on Sept. 26,
(9:00-4:00p§) at rklnnes/Osborn Field.
Cote out and cheer thei on!
Edge of Rainforest;Run(12.|kii)-SeRt. 27
6r eek Col our Day (3/5.5k»)-Sept .25
University- 6at«s Road RunC3/5.3k«)-0ct. 2
HaUeiv«s 1/2 Sarathoft^i^ki^Oct. 4
Registratin ends Oct. 2.   it's open
to sen, voaen and also co-rec.
A great sport to cotpete, socialize
and exercise!   Cote down to Scarfe 9
ittediately.
X
Registration ends on Oct. i
See you at the green.
SOU-
RUNS
We have 7 teats entered! 6 Hen's and
1 wcsen teaiu Be at the Mclnnes or
at the Osborn Field to see Science
win the tounasent! Everyone invited.
Voilevball in a racguet court. Sounds
odd? 6ive it a shot. You sight like it.
Registration ends Oct. 9, cote Quick!
nn_n
n
UALLYBALL
If you are interested in becoming a
sports organizer, please
come and visit Stella, Scarfe 9.
SALES OFFICE HOURS
Tues. 12:30-1:30
Thurs. 12:30-2:30
Fri.     1:30-2:30
Sales  Manager:     Dale   She wen uk
Einstein/Faculty    Woven
Shirts $19.95
Einstein/Faculty T-Shirts $12.95
'SUDS'  T-Shirt $   5.00
Science  Sweatpants $19.95
Stripped Rugby  Shirt $19.95
Kangaroo  Sweatshirt $15.00
Science  UBC Jacket -$120
(White  leather   sleeves,  blue melton body)
Science  UBC  Jacket
(blue  melt on body)
Science  Windbreaker
-$40
-$30

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