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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ended August 31,… 1944

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Report  of tho Pro si dont:
Teaching Staff  1
New Appointments  2
Promoti ons , t z
Leaves of Absence , ,  4
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves
of Absence..., ,,    4
Resignations ,  4
Re-appointment following Attainment  of
Retirement Age , t 4
Re-appointments to the Board of
Governors , , , ,  5
Election of Representative of Senate on
the Board of Gov ernor s     5
Obituaries ,     5
Appointment of Members of Staff to
Dominion Councils and Boards,     6
Important Expansions, and Changes in the
Curriculum, ,  *. • •   6
Regulations Governing Limitation of
Attendanco Waived    6
Academic Credit granted for Graduate Work
done under the National Research Council    6
Directed Reading Courses,    6
Appointment of a Committee of tho Board of
Governors to Select a Successor to tho
President.....,......,.,.., ••   7
Increase in Salaries to Members of tho
Professorial Staff    *7
Payment of Annuity Premiums for Employees
in tho Armed Forces    7 CONTENTS    - continued,- PAGE
Cost of Living Bonus...,  1
Acknowledgment of Gifts and Grants.# ,  8
Dominion-Provincial Bursaries........................... 8
Research Projects Financed by tho IJhivorsity. . • ♦.  9
Report of the Library Committeo....*%...... ♦ #*« J
Museum of Anthropology. .«*.,...#••»«•«*,..«« *#*•*« 10
Sxtension of the Arboretum. ♦•.. * ......... # •♦«•••• 11
Forest Reserve Area Acquired by the University#«...... .# 11
Increased Work in the Offices of the Bursar and
of the Registrar.........♦..♦. ,.***,,.»*•..•*..,» 12
Need for Increased Accommodation %  12
Military Training on the Qampus. • ., ,,  14
Military Enlistments. , *  15
War Work Programme for Uhde rgraduato Women....«..,....., 15
Special Wartime Courses, •  15
Roport of the Registrar:
Nationalities of Student s  18
Geographical Distribution of Students,  18
Occupations of Parents. .,,  18
Location of Graduates.  • •• 18
Comparative Statement of Registration,
Sossions 1955*54 to 1942„43 ,A X$
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred,"
Sessions 1955-54 to 1942-45  19
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued,
Sossi ons' 1955-54 to 1942-43..,. .•• 20
Scholarships, Prizes, Fellowships and Bursarios
Awarded to Graduat es  21
/ CONTENTS    - continued,- PAGE
Report of tho Doan of the Faculty of
Arts and Soionco ,         23
Report of tho Doan of tho Faculty of
/vpp liod Sci one o ...,.,, 50
Report  of tho Dean of tho Faculty of
Agriculture , ,,...... 54
Report of the Dean of Women  65
Report of the Director of tho Summer Session,.,         67
Report  of the Direotor of University Extension ,,        69
Report of the Direotor of the University
Health Service  75
Report of tho Assistant Dirootor of Physical
Education         77
Report  of the Instructor in Physical Education
for Women ,  • ,..   78
Report of tho Officer Commanding Canadian
Officers' Training Corps, University of
British Columbia ,   80
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
I have the honour to submit the following report
on the work of the University for the academic year ondod
August 31st, 1943.  The annual reports of the Deans of tho
Facultios and of certain other administrative officers are
included herein, as is also a list of publications by
members of the staff.
Tho year under review had much in common with those
immediately preceding it.  Profound changes brought about by
the war were everywhere in evidence.  Those changes manifested
themselves in many ways: in the incroaso in the number of
members of the staff who wsro granted loavo of absence; in tho
greater difficulty in obtaining qualified instructors to take
the place of those on leave; in the number of pre-war
researches restricted or temporarily discontinued; in the
increase in researches directly related to war problems; in
the discontinuance of certain courses because of insufficient
registration or of inability on the part of the University
to replace instructors on leave; in the greater specialization
offered male students taking military training; in the
response of tho women students to tho programme of war work;
in the rapid rise in the cost of equipment, supplies and
operating expense; in the incroaso in the wage rate for all
forms of labour, skilled and unskilled; in tho gonoral
restiveness due to the frequent changes in government
regulations, and in the fuller realization on the part of
staff and students of the difficulties involved in tho struggle
in which tho Unitod Nations aro ongagod.
Teaching Staff:
The numbers of members on tho teaching staff for the
academic year 1942-43, exclusive of those on leave of absence,
were as follows: 2.
Doans of Faculties  3
Professors  41
Associate Professors.  26
Ass istant Professors  31
Lecturers  9
Assistant Director of Physical Education.....  1
Instructors ;  13
Honorary Lecturers '  13
Part-time Lecturers  25
Assistants.  99
TOTAL      261
New Appointments:
Ralph Duncan James, M.A. (Brit. Col.) , Ph.D. (Chicago), F.R.S.C,
Professor in the Department of Mathematics.
Miss Dorothy P. Lefebvre, B.H.Sc.(Sask,), M.S,(Iowa state College),
Associato Professor and Acting-Head of tho Department of Home
Miss Marjorie J. Smith, A.B.(Minn,), A.M. (Chicago), Associate
Professor in charge of Social Work in the Department of
Economics, Political Science and Sociology.
Miss Stella Boil, B.S., M.S.(Kansas State College), Assistant
Professor in the Department of Home Economics.
Charlos Vynor Brooke, B.A. (Q,ueon» s), A.M., Ph.D. (Harvard),
Assistant Professor of Spanish in the Department of Modern
Miss Mary C, Gleason, B.A.(Vassar College), M.S.S.(Smith School
of Psychiatric Social Work) , Assistant Professor of Social
Work in the Department of Economics, Political .Science and
Miss Harriet Evelyn Mallory, R.N., B.Sc.(Teachers College,
Columbia), Special Lecturer in the Department of Nursing and
Miss Ethel Harris, A.B.(Columbia), M.A.(Toronto), D.Lett.
(Paris), Lecturer in the Department of Modern Languages.
Lionel A. Cox, M.A,(Brit,Col.), Lecturer in the Department of
Lome R. Kersey, B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), Instructor in the Department
of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.
C. E. Dolman, M.R.C.S.(England), M.B., B.S., M.R.C.P., D.P.H.,
Ph.D.(London), from Professor and Acting-Hoad to Professor and
Hoad of the Department of Nursing and Health.
Frank A. Forward, B.A.Sc.(Toronto), M.Aust.I.M.M., from Associate
Professor to Professor of Metallurgy in the Department of
Mining and Metallurgy.
Walter H. Gago, M.A. (Brit. Col,), from Associate Professor to
Professor in the Department of Mathematics. 3.
S. C. Morgan, B.Sc.(Queen's), M.Sc.(Alberta), M.S.(Calif.Inst.
of Tech.), from Associate Professor to Professor of Electrical
Engineering in the Department of Mechanical and Eleetrical
J, Fred Muir, B.Sc.(Manitoba), from Associate Professor to
Professor in tho Department cf Civil Engineering.
Miss Isabel Mac limes, M.A. (Queen's), Ph.D. (Calif ornia), from
Associate Professor to Professor of German in the Department
of Modern Languages.
John Allardyce, M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(McGill), F.A.A.A.S.,
from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of Biology and Botany.
W. B-. Coulthard, B.Sc. (London), M.A.I.E.E. , A.M.I.E.E., from
Assistant Professor to Associato Professor of Electrical
Engineoring in the Department of Mechanical and Electrical
Miss Harriet Evelyn Mallory, R.N., B.Sc.(Teachers College,
Columbia), from Special Lecturer to Associate Professor in
the Department of Nursing and Health.
Joseph E. Morsh, B.A. (Brit.Col.), Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins), from
Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department
of Philosophy and Psychology.
W. 0. Richmond, B.A.Sc. (Brit.Col,), M.S. (Pittsburg), Mom.A.S.M.E.,
from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Mechanical
Engineering in tho Department of Mechanical and Electrical
Harold D. Smith, M.A. (Brit.Col.), Ph.D. (Toronto) , from Assistant
Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of Physics.
Alexander P. Maslow, A.M, (Michigan), Ph.D.(Columbia), from
Lecturer to Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy
and Psychology.
Jacob Biely, M.S.A.(Brit.Col.), M.S.(Kansas State College),
from Instructor to Assistant Professor in the Department of
Poultry Husbandry.
John H. Creighton, M.x\. (Toronto) , from Lecturer to Assistant
Professor in the Department of English.
N. F. Gordon Davis, B.A.(Manitoba), M.A,(Brit, Col.), Ph.D.
(Princeton), from Instructor to Assistant Professor in the
Department of Geology and Geography.
S. A. Jennings, M.A., Ph.D.(Toronto), from Leoturer to Assistant
Professor in the Department of Mathematics.
Miss Margaret E. Kerr, R.N., B.A.Sc.(Brit,Col,), M.A.(Columbia),
from Instructor to Assistant Professor in the Department of
Nursing and Health.
Thomas G. Wright, B.F. (Penn. State) , M.F. (Duke) , M.C.S.F.E.,
M.S.A.F., from Lecturer to Assistant Professor in the Department
of Forestry.
G, Philip V. Akrigg, M.A. (Brit .Col.), A.M. (California) , from
Assistant to Instructor in the Department of English.
Miss Lois Campbell, M.S.A.(Brit.Col.), from Assistant to
Instructor in the Department of Dairying.
Maurice Van Vliet, M.S.(Oregon), from Instructor in Physical^
Education for Men to Assistant Director of Physical Education.
Miss Margaret G. Morrison, B.A.(Brit.Col.), from Assistant in
the Registrar's Office to Assistant Registrar. 4.
Loaves of Absence.
Dr. George M. Weir, Professor and Head of the Department of
Education, for the duration of the war.
Mr, Henry F. Angus, Professor and Head of the Department of
Economics, Political Science and Sociology, for a period of
one year as from September 1st, 1942.
Dr. Hector J. MacLeod, Professor and Head, Department of
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, for half-tine, for a
period of one year as from April 1st, 1942.
Mr, John E. Liorsch, Professor and Hoad of the Department of
Forestry, for a period of one year as from January 23rd,1943,
Dr. Thomas G. Henderson, Associate Professor in tho Department
of Philosophy and Psychology, for a period of ono year as
from July 1st, 1942.
Dr. Arthur M, Crooker, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Physics, for a period of one year as from August 31st, 1942.
Dr4 Kenneth C, Mann, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Physics, for a period of one year as from August 31st, 1942.
Dr. George M. Volkoff, Assistant Professor in the Department
of Physics from February 15th to September 15th, 1943.
Mr. Patrick C. F, Guthrie, Instructor in tho Department of
Classics, for a period of one year as from May 15th, 1943.
Mr. Robert T. McKenzie, Assistant to the Director, Department
of University Extension, from May 1st, 1945 to March 31st,
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence:
R. Keith Brown, B.A. (Brit.Col.), Lecturer in the Department
of Physics during the absence of Dr. G. M, Volkoff.
Alexander P. Maslow, A.M.(Michigan), Ph.D.(California),
Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy and Psychology
during the absence of Dr. Thomas G, Henderson.
William Petrie, B.A,(Brit.Col,), A.M. (Harvard), Lecturer in
the Department of Physics during the absence of Dr. K. C. Mann.
Ralph Hull,  M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Chicago), Professor in the
Department  of Mathematics.
John D.  Leslie,  B.A.,  M.A.Se.(Brit,Col,),  Instructor in the
Department of  Chemistry.
D,  Gordon B. Mathias,  M.A.(Brit.Col.),  Instructor in the Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medioine.
Re-appointment following Attainment of Retirement Age:
Mr. Abram Lighthall,  B.Sc.(McGill),  Associate Professor
in the Department of  Civil Engineering, who reached the age of
retirement on April 1st,  1943, was ro-appointed as from March 31st,
1943 to May 31st,  1944. Re-appointmonts to the Board of Governors:
Mr.  William G.  Murrin and Mr,  Edward H. Barton were
re-appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council as members
of the Board of Governors for a period of six years as from
August 27th, 1943.
Election of Represontative of Senate on the Board of Governors:
On February 17th,   1943,  Dr.  John F. Walker was elected
as a representative of tho Senate on the Board of Governors for
a period of three years.
Judge Joseph N.  Ellis:
The announcement  of the death of Judge Joseph N.  Ellis
recalled to the minds of many the valued   services which he,  as a
former member of the Board of Governors,  had rendered to the
University over an extended period.      For four years during the
first term of his appointment,  Judge Ellis was Honorary Secretary
of the Board of Governors.       In 1933 ho was re-appointed as a
member of the Board for a torm of six years but retired in 1935.
Mr.   J. Newton Harvey:
During tho year another member who had served the
University long and faithfully passed away in the person of Mr.
J, Newton Harvey.      Appointed a member of Senate by the Lieutenant-
Governor-in-Council, Mr. Harvey served in this capaoity for many
years with marked accoptanco.
Mr.   Ernest G,  Mathoson:
It was with regret that the University noted the
passing of a former Associate Professor in the Department of
Civil Engineering, Mr, Ernest G. Mathoson, who had rendered
valued service to tho University from its inception until the
time of his retirement in 1935.
Dr, N. F. Gordon Davis:
By the untimely passing of Dr,  N. F.  Gordon Davis,
Assistant Professor in tho Department  of Geology and Geography,
the University suffered a distinct loss.    From the time of his
appointment to tho staff in 1935,  Br.   Davis'   contributions to
the Department, particularly in Geography, were outstanding,
while his personal qualities groatly endeared him to his
colleagues and students. 6.
Appointment of Mombers of Staff to Dominion Councils and Boards:
Dr. Gordon M. Shrum was appointed to tho National
Research Council for a period of three years. Dr. Shrum
succeeded Dr. Robert H. Clark who had served on the Council
for six years.
Succeeding Dr. Andrew H. Hutchinson, Dr. Wilbert A.
Clemens was appointed to tho Fisheries Research Board of Canada
for a five-year poriod.
Important Expansions and Changes in the Curriculum:
During the year the Department of Homo Economics was
re-established, tho teaching of Spanish was resumed, and the
courses in Social Work were strengthened. At the same time
certain other Arts and. Science courses wore discontinued because
of the University's inability to provide instructors or because
of insufficient enrolment.
Strong representations were made by outside organizations during this period for the establishment of three new
units of instruction, namely, a School or Faculty of Pharmacy,
a Department of Physical Education, and a Department of
Physical Medicine.
Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance Waived:
For the session 1943-44, the regulations with respect
to limitation of attendance as passed by tho Board of Governors
on January 28th, 1938, including the regulations in regard to
Nursing and Health and the Teacher Training Course, were again
waived for a year.
Academic Credit granted for Graduate Work done under the
National Research Council:
During th»3 session the suggestion was made by the
National Rosearch Council that the University grant academic
credit for approved work done by graduate students under tho
auspices of tho Council.  Tho Faculties and Senate approved of
tho proposal submitted by tho Council on the understanding that
each case v/ould be considered on its merits.
Directed Reading Courses:
Mention should be made of the two Directed Reading
Courses which were offered during the session - English 16 and 7.
History 4.  Interest in this typo of course continues to be
woll sustained, more particularly among toachers in tho
Province. The highly satisfactory rosults obtained from year
to year are due to two main factors, namely, the painstaking
work of the instructors in the preparation of study material,
bulletins and referoncos, and the earnest application of the
students themselves.
Appointment of a Committee of tho Board of Governors to Select
a Successor to tho President:
Early in 1943 the President drew the attention of the
Board of Governors to his approaching superannuation and gave
his reasons for wishing to retire on the date on which this
became effective, namely, January 20th, 1944.
Upon receipt of the President's communication, the
Chancellor appointed a Committee to consider the question of
selecting a successor to the President and to report to the
Board the names of eligible and available men who might be
free to assume the duties of the Presidency early in the
coming year.
Increase in Salaries to Members of the Professorial Staff:
Before drafting the budget for 1943-44, the President
Was authorized by the Board of Governors to make recommendations
for salary increases to members of tho professorial staff where
such increases were most deserving even though such action
necessitated making reductions in certain major items in the
budget.  While tho increases granted were made without respect
to rank, tho majority woro given to members of the staff who
were associate professors or assistant professors.
Payment of Annuity Premiums for Employees in tho Armed Forces:
By resolution of the Board of Governors, the University
undertook to continue payment of the usual University annuity
premiums for members of the staff who enlist for active service
with the armed forces, provided that the individual member
continues to make his own contributions towards tho superannuation
Cost of Living Bonus:
A cost of living bonus to all monthly employees of the
University whose wages, plus tho bonus, did not exceed $2,100.00
per annum, was made effective at the beginning of tho 1942-43
fiscal year. Later, this maximum was raised to $3,000.00. 8.
Campus maintenance employees and farm employees, not being
eligible for the   cost of living bonus, were  given a substantial
increase in rates of pay.
Acknowledgment of Gifts and Grants:
Each year the principal gifts received by tho University
are listed in the  Calendar for the period covered by that  issue.
Any gifts not so acknowledged are usually mentioned  in the  report
of the Dean under whose jurisdiction such gifts or grants aro
Within recent  years increasingly generous grants have
been received from individuals,   from corporations  and from Dominion
and Provincial Governments.    These gifts aro made for many purposes
such as prizes,   scholarships,  bursaries,  grants towards researches,
equipment for laboratories,  books for the Library or material fcr
tho Museum.     Some of these benefactions are in the form of
endowments;  others are renewable for a period of years  or are
givon annually at the pleasure  of the donors.
Dominion-Provincial Bursaries:
During the year, the  administration of the Dominion-
Provincial Bursaries entailed a very great deal of work on the
part  of the Committee on Prizes,  Scholarships and Bursaries. The
reports of this Committee covered tho administration and award
of Youth Training Bursaries, War Service Bursaries and National
Selective Service Bursaries.
Following the termination of the three-year schedule
for student aid under the Youth Training Bursaries,  the grant was
renewed by the Dominion and Provincial Governments for the session
1942-43.    The War Service Bursaries were  awarded on the same terms
as in the previous year.       In the fall of 1942,  the Dominion
Department  of Labour established the National Selective Service
Bursaries to  encourage students of high scholastic standing in
scientific subjects to  enter the universities.      From this  fund,
$12,000.00 was granted to the University of British Columbia,   and
for its administration a special committee was appointed composed
of the  Superintendent  of Education,  a representative  of the War
Emergency Training Programme,  a representative of the National
Selective Service and two members of the University staff.    The
amount of the grant from each of the above-mentioned sources,  and
the sum awarded under each heading to students at the University
of British Columbia,  are as follows:
Amount Awarded to
Students at the Univer-
Total Grant    sity. of British Columbia
Youth Training Bursaries $5,000.00 $3,o00.00
War Service Bursaries 20,000.00 7,050.00
National Selective Service
Bursaries 12.000.00 11,395.00
337.000.00 $"22,245.00 9.
Research Projects Financed by tho University:
Numerous resoarch projects which had been agreed upon
by the President and the Deans 'of the Faculties were continued
or initiated during the year.     Some of these investigations were
undertaken by single individuals,  others necessitated joint  action
on the part of one or more departments within a given faculty,
while a few involved work in more  than one faculty.
The researches undertaken under this heading and
chargeable to a special item in the University budget were as
The Purification of Staphylococcus Food-Poisoning
Toxin;  Gas Gangrene Toxins;  Genetics of Economic
Plants; Factors Affecting the Basal Metabolic Rate;
B.   C.   Coal and Shale;  Superactive Charcoal;  Surface
Reactions of Minerals in Flotation;  Reduction of
Native Ores;  Glass Wool and Related Products;
Strategic Metals; Application of Raman Effect to
Problems in Oil Industry; Parasites and Diseases of
the Columbia Black-tailed Deer; Natural Foods of
Trout;   Clams and other Bivalves;  Relation of Vitamins
to the Nutrition of Trout;  Induction Heat Treatment;
Causes of Raspborry Failure; British Columbia Fish
Oils;  Activators for Enzymes;  Surface Taint  in Butter;
Problems Associated with Meat Quality; Vitamin B
Complex;  Choose Ripening; Auto-sexing of Cambar
and Redbar; Poultry and Egg Production;  A Preliminary
Study of the Economic Evolution in tho Okanagan Valley.'
Report  of the Library Committee:
In accordance with long-established practice,  the
report of  the Library Committee was issued  as a separate and
sont to members of tho Senate and of the Board of Governors.
Tho period covered by this report  coincides with that of tho
fiscal year of the University, namely,  April 1st,   1942 to
March 31st,  1943.     Of tho many matters dealt with in this
report, tho following are among those  of general interest:
The increase in book pricos,  exchange rates and war
taxes,  combined with a restricted field for purchase and a
stationary book appropriation fund, resulted in fewer volumes
being acquirod by purchase than in pre-war years.    However,  as
the result of gifts and accessions received from outside sources,
tho actual number of accessions compared very favorably with that
of previous years.
The sharp decline in circulation which was emphasized
in tho  report was directly attributable to the smaller registration
in tho Summer Session, to tho  closing of the University for a 10.
fortnight due to tho fuel shortage,  and to the demands made
upon tho  students'  time by military training for men and war
work for women.
Students taking Directed Reading Courses and those
registered in Evening Classes made extensive use of the Library
while, under tho Department  of University Extension,  members of
study groups and drama groups in all parts of the Province
increased tho circulation by many thousands of volumes.    Because
of insufficient   carrel accommodation, permanent permits for access
to the stockrooms wore restricted to senior students.    Whenever
space was available,   after the requirements of the more  advanced
students had been met,  carrel privileges were extended to members
of other years who had greatest need for special   accommodation.
In the Reference Department,   a gratifying beginning was
made in the  organization of tho large map collection which had
boon assembled during recent years but which,  because the material
had not beon mounted or catalogued, had not been usod to any
considerable extent.
•The number of government documents issued has beon very
materially reduced since 1939 and a great many valuable series
have beon discontinued for the duration of the war.     Under these
conditions the Library considered itself particularly fortunate
that the King's Printer for tho Government of British Columbia
had been directed to forward,  free  of charge to the University,
two copies of every publication printed  in the Government
Printing Office.
Tho number of cards added to the Library of Congress
Depository Catalogue during tho twolvo-month period was 77»6l4.
Fortunately, tho problem of providing filing space for this
rapidly growing catalogue was  solved through the Library subscribing for photolithographic reproductions of-the entire
catalogue as they aro issued.    Thus in a few years tho original
filing system will be superseded by the newer and much moro
compact ono.
As a precaution against the possible loss  of valuable
books by bombing, many of the raror volumes wore  stored in the
vault  or in specially constructed compartments in the basement.
This also served to relieve,  to a limited  extent, the acute
congestion in tho stackrooms.
Museum of Anthropology;
The appointment of a curator and the engaging of
part-time student assistants made it possible to keep the
Museum of Anthropology open for visitors and students every
afternoon during the  summer months and from throe to four
hours per  day during the  session.    Owing to the small number
who visited the museum the educational effect was limited. Tho 11.
committee in charge felt,  however, that by proper classification,
careful labelling,   judicious selection of material,   and periodic
changing of exhibits, tho attendance would increase and the
timo which visitors would spend in viewing the exhibits would
be extended.
With this end in view, the curator and his assistants
spent the greater part of their timo in cataloguing the
collections,   in segregating the extraneous material,   and  in
classifying and labelling the balance according to ethnic groups.
One of the chief reasons for the unattractivenoss of
tho museum in recent years was the fact that,  owing to the
almost oomplote lack of  storage space, tho exhibits lost much of
their effectiveness through acute overcrowding.    With the
installation of storage drawers beneath tho cases,   this condition
has been greatly improved.    As a result, the selection of
suitable material is now possible, tho periodical changing of
exhibits becomes practicable,  and tho effectiveness of the
exhibits is correspondingly enhanoed.
Extension of the Arboretum:
During the year a tract of 2.23 acres was added to
the existing Botanical Gardens and Arboretum.    The addition of
this acreage brings the total aroa for these purposes up to
that originally recommended by the Commission of internationally,
recognized landscape architects which was responsible for
drafting,   in broad outline, tho general landscape design for the
Forest Reserve Area Acquired by the University:
Under date of March 5th,  1943,   a letter was received
from the Hon.  A,  Wells  Gray, Minister of Lands,  in whioh ho
stated that  under authority of Order-in-Council No,   249, which
had been approved on March 1st,  1943,   approximately 10,105 acres
had been excluded from the limits of Garibaldi Park for forestry
demonstration purposes and authority given for tho issuance of a
lease to the University of British Columbia for a period of
twenty-one years at a nominal rental of *1.00 per annum.
The acquisition of this conveniently-situated and
exceptionally representative tract of forest land is a most
valuable asset for the University and noro particularly for
the Department   of Forestry.    In selecting this area the University
enjoyed the active co-operation of the Hon.  the Minister of
Lands,  the Chief Forester, and the other members of the Provincial
Forestry staff,   all of whom wore as desirous as were the University representatives themselves that the most suitable, accessible
area available be placed at the disposal of the University for
tho study of the many problems which present themselves to those
engaged in the forest industry in this Province. 12.
  "'ferk_ in thc   Offico5 0f  thc- Bursar an^ of thc Rosistrar:
*  *v    «    During recont years tho duties and responsibilities
of  tho Bursar have increased greatly.     In addition to the normal
expansion in business  transactions resulting from tho growth of
the University, thore have been added the work involved in monthly
income tax deductions from the  salaries of the staff as  required
by the Dominion Government;  tho statement of these deductions
as prepared for each member of the staff;  the deductions,  from
the  source,   of contributions by the staff to the various forms
of the war effort; the payment of cost  of living bonuses with
their frequent changes  in rates;  tho carrying out of Ration Board
and Priority Rating Regulations;   the marked increase in the
number of scholarships and bursaries;   tho numerous research
projects sponsored by tho Dominion and Provincial Governments and
by business organizations,  and the financial administration of
special academic  and non-academic  courses of instruction conducted
in co-operation with the Department  of National Defence.
In the Registrar's Office the volume of work is
likewise increasing much more rapidly than a comparative study of
the undergraduate registration would indicate.      To tho usual
duties pertaining to  this office,   the war has added many new
responsibilitios of which tho following aro particularly deserving
of mention: Frequent reports to the Mobilization Board and to
each of the three Armed Services; monthly reports on all returned
men  attending under the Post-Discharge Re-establishment Order
P.C.   7633;   compiling information regarding science students and
graduates for the Wartime Bureau of Technical Personnel^  special
registrations in  connection with postponements from military
service;  registration and records of men in the Number  2 Canadian
Army University  Course and in other special wartime courses;
general administration of the  Canadian Legion Correspondence
Courses; the keeping of records of  all students and graduates who
enter some branch of the Armed Services,   and the conducting of
correspondence regarding those who have become casualties or
been.awarded decorations.
In both of these administrative  offices the increased
work has been cheerfully undertaken without  a corresponding
increase in staff.
Need for Increased Accomodation:
The need for increased accommodation,   so frequently
stressed in previous reports by tho President,   is still unmet.
During the year a committee  of Senate prepared a detailed
statement of the University's present  and immediate future
requirements in this  respect.    While attention was directed
particularly to the urgent need for more lecture room,   laboratory
and office space so necessary to relieve  congestion and to
increase efficiency in instruction,   a strong case was made for 15.
enlarging the library and gymnasium,  and for erecting a
museum and student residences, *
,..<+*,  -       Although no definite recommendations were made
with respect to the order of importance  of the buildings and
2u$^£n2«?!q?ir?J'  nh? cer^inty ttot  &»vy post-war demands
fffl      ®*5! J? tg9 University was emphasized,  as was also
the fact that block plans, together with estimates of costs
for now buildings and for extensions to existing ones,   should
bo prepared immediately.    This would afford opportunity for
the different faculties and departments to determine
accurately what "their requirements were and so would enable the
architocts, in consultation with tho administration, to plan
the new buildings and extensions most efficiently and
In this connection the  following excerpts have been
taken from a memorandum which tho Board of Governors roquested
the President to prepare,  following tho receipt of a letter
from the Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Construction
Projects, Advisory Committee on Reconstruction,   Ottawa,  in
which he asked for a statement showing the University's
immediate building requirements:
"Some years ago it was felt that the building most
needed was one which would provide the necessary
lecture room and office accommodation for the
Faculty of Arts  and Science.    Later, it became
evident  that the most serious -bottlenecks in tho
University were in the Departments of Chemistry
and Physics.    This condition still persists and,
in my opinion,  until congestion is relieved in
these departments, the effectiveness of many
courses in the University .will continue to be
seriously impaired.
"Judging from certain of the requests received  from
Ottawa and Victoria for information respecting the
noed for increased building accommodation, ono
might conclude that the addition of one or two
buildings would meet the University's immediate
requirements.    This,  however,  indicates a lack of
knowledge of the real situation.    For many years
nearly every building on the campus has been congested
beyond tho limit  of efficiency. Not only are a number
of new buildings urgently needod but many of the
existing buildings should be enlarged.  For example,
the newly created Department of Home Economics has
no laboratories;  and tho reoent expansions in Social
Service have mado  demands on space which could only
be met, temporarily, by assigning offices previously
occupied by professors now on leave of absence and
by converting a part  of the Brock Memorial Building
into classrooms.    Thon, too,  there is need for other 14.
buildings which would greatly increase the effectiveness of the University's work.    In this category I
would place residences for men and for women,  a
President's residence, and the first unit  of a
"The above general statement of needs relates only to
tho most pressing physical necessities of tho University
as it is today and as it will be for a brief tomorrow.
It has boon my oft-oxpressed opinion that  for years
the efficiency of the University has  been seriously
impaired by reason of inadequate accommodation.     If
I have been justified in my contention,  as  I believe
I havo been,   the University will fail in increasing
measure to moot the normal demands which will bo
made upon it  in the next few years if it  does not
begin immediately to plan,  and to give effect to,   a
building programme which will be adequate,  not  only
for normal growth and expansion, but  also sufficiently
extensive to meet the unprecedented demands which will
certainly be made upon it following the  conclusion
of hostilities.  "
Military Training on tho Campus:
The year witnessed a number of important changes
in tho organization of compulsory military training for all
physically-fit male students in the University.    Prior to
1942-43,  all ablo-bodied men were required to take the
proscribed training in tho  Canadian Officers' Training Corps;
but, during tho period under review,  two now units were
established, namely, tho University Naval Training Division
and a Squadron of the University Air Training Corps.    Tho
creation of these divisions was not designod to provide
alternative training in competition with that givon in tho
CO.T.C. but, rather, to offer specialized instruction for
thoso mon who had definitely decided to enlist in the Navy
or in tho Air Force.
Tho organization of these now units under a capable,
unified command,  the grading of the parade ground,  the provision of  a uniform for every man,   and the addition of much
necessary equipment not previously obtainable,  resulted  in
greatly increased interest and efficiency.
During tho  summer of 1943 a substantial addition was
made to tho Armoury.  Although reference was made in previous
reports to the erection of this splendid building, the method
employed in financing it  is so unusual as to bo deserving of
further mention.     Without  outside financial assistance of   any
kind,  governmental or otherwise,   the University now has  a 15.
thoroughly modern Armoury, completely furnished, th© gift
of the officers and men of the CO.T.C. who, over a period
of fifteen years, voluntarily waived their pay allowance that
this end might be achieved.
%f-%      In*;-;    Y^-'T "t?n     1     *       .— •f"   W     «. >".   *•     —    #
4t*A"»i« AX  U w% a.   v «L*l A «*- „.'.„ w U i.; is,/., a V i?   *
Notwithstanding the  strong recommendation of the
Department of Labour that University studonts continue their
studios until after graduation,  six hundred members of the
CO.T.C.  volunteered and were accepted for Active Service.
Of these,  160  joined tho Navy,   235 the Army,  and 205 the
Air Force.
War Work Programme for Undergraduato Women:
At the request  of the Women's Undergraduate Society,
a compulsory war work programme for undergraduate women was
instituted at the opening of the session.    The time required
to complete the prescribed assignments was the equivalent of
two hours oach week for the academic year.    The response was
most  gratifying and interest was well maintained throughout
the entire period.
Speoial Wartime Courses:
The extent to which the University is regarded as the
body which should participate actively in the giving of instruction
to individuals and groups of widely differing scholastic attainments is well illustrated by the requests which were received
from military authorities who are interested in the special
training of prospective officer material, of technicians, and
of returned men who have not the necessary academic qualifications
to enter the University.    In response to those requests the
following special courses were offered during the year:
Pre-Aircrew Training for Enlisted personnel of the R.C.A.F.
Number 2 Canadian Army University Course
Canadian Legion Correspondence Courses
Course in Personnel Administration
Short  Course in Discussion Group Techniques for Navy,
Army and Air Force Educational Officers.
Those courses differed widely in their nature  and
content.    For some of them university credit will not bo granted;
for others limited credit will be allowed.     It was agreed that
special consideration would be given to demobilized men and
women who entered the University under the Post-Discharge Re-
establishment  Order, P.C,  7633. 16
While the work of the year was carried on under the
stress of wartime conditions, there were numerous trends and
courses of action, both within and without the University,
which woro most significant and encouraging.    One of the
more  important of these was the consistent policy of the
Dominion Government with respect to the place of undergraduate
students of military ago.    Another policy of almost equal
importance, when considered in relation to its effect upon the
University, was the decision of the government to give financial
assistance to enable  students whoso University courses had beon
interrupted to continue thoir studios upon their discharge
from the armed services.    Theso definite commitments on tho
part of the government,  and other contemplated ones affecting
students who had not matriculated at the time of enlisting,
indioate something of the greatly increased responsibilities
which will devolve upon the University oven before general
demobilization becomes effective.
The governing bodies of the University clearly perceive
that tho adoption of those policies by the Dominion Government
is indicative of a trend which has special significance for the
University, not only in relation to existing faculties but  also
with respect to the  establishment  of those oft-proposed
faculties and departments which have beon considered for many
years and for tho constitution of which more  than one favorable
resolution has beon recorded in the minutes  of the Faculties
and of the  Senate.
Respectfully submitted,
Vancouver, British Columbia
Juno 12,  1944. 17
Men     Women     Total
Faculty of Arts and Science
First Year  429
Second Year  298
Third Year  I59
Fourt h Year  125
Graduates  72
Social Work   2
Teacher Training Course.  8
Directed Reading Courses  54
Less Double Registration (D.R.C.)... -1°
Faculty of Applied Science
Second Year  196
Third Year  130
Fourth Year  94
Fifth Year  94
Graduat es  7
Faculty of Applied Science  (Nursing)
Second Year	
Third Year	
Fourth Year ,	
Fifth Year	
Sixth Year	
Public Health Nursing	
Teaching and Supervision...,         — 4 4.       98
Faculty of Agriculture
First Year  34
Second Year  22
Third Year  25
Fourt h Year  23
Graduat es  9
Occupational Course  2    --     2      140
TOTAL 2609
Evening Class in Botany    15    14     27
Summer Session (1943) 183   146    329
(Faculty of Arts and Science)
- 4
■mm mm
M» 19
2 18
Nationalities of Students
(Racial Origins)
(exclusive of students taking the
Teacher Training Course, Social
Work, Directed Reading Course,
Public Health Nursing, and Teaohing
and Supervision (Nursing):
British 2027; American 54; Chinese 49; Swedish 26; Hebrew 25;
Norwegian 24; Greek 15; Polish 15; Ukranian 12; Italian 11;
Russian 10; others 178. TOTAL      2446
Geographical Distribution of. Students:
From Vancouver and vicinity ,	
From Vi ctori a	
From New West minst er	
From other Provincial points.	
From points in Canada outside British Columbia....
From other Countries.	
Occupations of Parents
(exclusive of students taking the Teacher
Training Course, Social Work, Directed
Reading Course, Public Health Nursing,
and Teaching and Supervision (Nursing):
Accountant 41; Army 51; Banker 28; Barrister 43; Carpenter 53;
Civil Servant 54; Clergyman 29; Clerk 20; Dentist 19; Doctor 51;
Druggist 14: Electrician 16; Engineer 133; Farmer 74; Insurance 35;
Lumberman 28; Machinist 17; Manager 59; Manufacturer 17;
Merchant 90; Professor 14; Salesman 63; Superintendent 16
Teacher 45; others 1476. TOTAL
Location of Graduates:
Number in,-
"~~"             Vancouver  2920
Other parts of British Columbia  1790
Other parts of Canada...  542
British Isles  56
United States of America  293
Other Countries  —  44
Number deceased « • 152
Number whose address is unknown.  159
TOTAL 6404 Session
Comparative Statement  of Registration
Sessions 1933-34 to 1942-43
Arts and    Applied Agricul-    Training
Science      Science    Nursing    ture Course
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1933-34 to 1942-4T
B.A.Sc. Grand
Year M.A.  B.A. B.Com.  B.Ed. M.A.Se.  B.A.Sc.  B.S.F. Nursing M.S.A.  B.S.A. Total Total
1933 19
1934 11
1935 14
1936 15
1937 21
1938 20
1939 19
1940 30
1941 21
1942 14
1943 13
> /<
12 331 3212
1 64 3276
12 307 3583
5 57 3640
19 352 3972
1 68 4040
16 295 ^335
2 59 4394
14 314 4708
1 80 4788
19 346 5134
5 77 5211
22 370 5581
2 86 5667
18 388 6055
3 74 6129
19 354 6483
- 94 6577
26 364 6941
5 76 7017
25 350 7367
V5 Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions T<?33-54 to 1942-43
HealtH Nursing
Course in
o Scholarships. Prizes, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
During the year many scholarships, prizes, fellowships and bursaries have been won
by graduates of the University. The following list does not include awards which
have been made by the Senate of the University of British Columbia.
Value    Subject
Where Tenable
Aldous, John
Beaton, Mary
Browning, George V.
Buckland,  Donald C
Buckland,  Donald C.
Clark,   Robert M.
Cox,  Ethel Jane
Fell,  J.Michael G.
Fowle,  C.  David
Frith,Monica M.
Gardner, Joseph A.F,
Goranson,Ewald S.
Grant, John D.
Hawkes, Arthur S.
Heddle, Rognvald D.
Hughes, Rev. Norah
Loucks, J. Isabel
Scholarship in Physiology
Teaching Assistantship
National Research Council
Award in Forest Pathology
Teaching Fellowship
University Scholarship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Research Prize (Am.Assoc,
for the Advancement of
Seience and B.C.Academy
of Science)
Commonwealth Fund Scholarship
National Research Council
Award in Physiology
Teaching Fellowship
National Research Council
National Research Council
Commonwealth Fund Scholarship
$900  Physiology
$750  Psychology
$650  Explosives
University of Toronto
University of California
University of Toronto
(was not taken up)
$1200  Forest Pathology Yale University
$500  Forestry        Yale School of Forestry
$1000  Economics       Harvard University
$750  Accounting      University of California,
$750  Physies
$25  Zoology
Public Health
Chemi stry
Public Health
University of California,
University of British
University of Michigan
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of Toronto
University of Toronto
McGill University
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of Chicago
Johns Hopkins
H Name
Mitchell, Leonard
Rattenbury,  John
Thompson,Robert M.
Value    Subject
Where Tenable
Waddell, David
Winram, Edna E.
Fellowship $600
National Research Council
Fellowship $750
Canadian Nurses Association Bursary $400
Research Prize (Am.Assoc.
for the Advancement of
Science and B.C. Academy
of Science
National Research Council
Award in Physiology       |800
Assistantship #750
Chemi stry
Public Health McGill University
Brown University
(was not taken up)
Cellulose Research
$25  Zoology
$750  Mineralogy
University of British
University of British
University of Toronto
University of California,
NOTE:    In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free tuitieo:
or exemption from fees  (or travelling expenses)   in addition to their monetary
Value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our graduates in
other Universities and in Institutes in 1945    $17,850.00
Total value of scholarships,  fellowships and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes
since the first awards were made in 1917 $757,359.00
Respectfully submitted,
to 23
Departmental and Individual Reports.
In order to obtain full information concerning the activities
of the Faculty, I requested all the members, if they chose, to submit
through the Heads of the Departments statements as to the work carried
on during the year. The following is a summary compiled from departmental and individual reports.
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine.
There was a slight drop in the enrolment in several of the
courses given in the Department, which helped to relieve what would
have been an otherwise difficult situation, created by the resignation
of Mr. D. G. B. Mathias as Instructor during the course of tho academic
As in tho past, both staff and students in the Department
gave considerable time to research activities.
Dr. C. E. Dolman's chief research interest remained the
staphylococcus toxins. Ho was assisted by Miss C. L. Aszkanazy, an
Honours B.A. candidate, in work relating to the beta-toxin, who made
her findings the subject of her B.A. thesis.  In addition, Dr. Dolman
was extensively engaged during the year in problems relating to
bacterial food poisoning. Strains isolated from suspected foods in
England had boon forwarded to him by the Director of the Emergency
Public Health Laboratory Service for an opinion as to the likelihood
that thoy had beon responsible for food poisoning outbreaks. Some
vory important conclusions wero reached bearing upon tho specificity
of tho kitton tost for staphylococcus entero-toxin, which was first
devised in those laboratories. Evidence was also obtained pointing to
tho fact that most of tho "toxin" types of bacterial food poisoning
outbreaks wero probably due to staphylococci, and not to any other of
tho micro-organisms often suspected. This work entailed tho uso of
human volunteers, as well as cats, for experimental animals. At times
it proved easier to obtain the human volunteers than the cats, a fact
which spoaks vory highly for the co-operative spirit displayed by staff
and students in the Department, and which it is a pleasure to acknowledge
at this point.
Early in November, at the request of Doctor R, D. Defries,
Director of Connaught Laboratories and the School of Hygiene, Dr. Dolman
visitod San Francisco, to obtain an insight into the methods of production of plague vaccine, and an opinion as to the desirability of
undertaking this work in Canada, whether at Vancouver or in Toronto.
The assistance given in this connection by Dr. K. F. Meyer, Director
oftnt Hooplr F§undation, and his colleagues, was greatly appreciated
and led to the decision that sufficient plague vaccine could be made m
the United States to supply all Canadian needs, and that local accommodation facilities were nonsuch as to just*5°;» ^^^A*£B
hazardous venture. During tho course of his visit to san Francisco
Dr? 5o?mn was SvitS to°address the Northern California Pasteur
Society on the subject of "Bacterial Food Poisoning. 24
Dr.  Dolman also attended the annual Christmas Meeting of
the Laboratory Section of the Canadian Public Health Association,
held at Toronto, where he presented a paper on "Food Poisoning," and
also  (jointly with Dr.  L.  E.  Ranta)  another paper entitled
"Observations on Cholera Vaccine."
Three years ago it was found in this laboratory that tho
proportions of tho different toxins produced by Clostridium wolchli
could bo varied,  depending upon the nature of tho medium employed for
its growth.    A more exact knowledge of this fact appeared of importance,
both thooretically and in viow of tho fact that toxins from this
organism are used for the production of toxoids and antitoxins.    Work
was commoncod by Dr. D.  C. B. Duff in 1942-43, and its expansion
during tho summer was made possible by a resoarch grant.    Mr.   Charles
Claridgo, B.A., was omployod as assistant.
So far it has been found that Cl.wolchii will grow
satisfactorily in an otherwise vitamin-free medium whose vitamins
are supplied by small amounts of a yeast extract.    On this simple
medium growth is abundant,  hemolytic toxin is produced in moderate
amounts,  and no measurable lethal toxin is elaborated.    This
finding therefore confirms tho previous work along the sane lines.
The work in progress at tho moment consists in tho division
of the yeast extract into fractions containing one,  or a small number,
of the many growth factors known to be present in yeast.    The effect
of those fractions,  alone and in combination,  upon growth and toxin
production of Cl,welohii,   is now being studied.
During tho acadonic tern Miss Ann Clomens, under Dr.  Duff's
direction, did a vory creditable piece of investigation for her B.A.
thesis,  entitled "A Study of Some in vitro Characteristics of
Sulfonamide Activity with Particular Roferonco to Mode  of Action,"
Dr.  L.  E.  Ranta continued to give at least half of his timo
to researoh activities under Connaught Laboratories auspicos.    As in
previous years, his work was chiofly connected with testing the
immunizing potency of batches of cholera vaccine prepared in Toronto,
samples of which ware shipped to Western Division before  release.
During the year a groat improvement was dovisod in the nothod of
testing tho antigenic potonoy of theso vaccines by mouse protection
methods.    A report of this work will eventually bo published.     Dr.
Ranta also sought to determine the minimum nutritive requirements of
tho cholera vibrio, and in this direction also sono interesting
results woro obtained.
Department  of Biology and Botany.
Dr,  A. H. Hutchinson carried on confidential research, with
significant results,  and submitted reports to the proper bodies.
Papers in progress are:
A Bio-climatic study of the distribution of trees in British
Columbia  (with R. W. Pillsbury).
A new scale to be used in the polygonal graphing of data of
two-dimensional value. 25
A statistical study of ovulo development  and soed production
in Medicago  (Alfalfa)   (with Mary Murphy).
Tho polyploid condition  (chromosomal)  of Medicago(Alfalfa)
hybrids, having commercial importance   (with Helen Farley and Mary
Dr.   Hutchinson is a member of several organizations and
committees,the most important of which are the following: Member
of the High School Leaving and Matriculation Examination Board;
the Committee on Accredited Schools;  Secretary of the University
Council on Athletics and Physical Education,   and Chairman of the
President's Committee on Physical Education.    After  eighteen
years membership he retired from the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada,   (formerly the Biological Board of Canada)  and the Paoific
Executive, of the same body.    He retired also from the Scientific
Advisory Council of the International Pacific Salmon Fisheries
Commission,  after membership from the time of its inception.
Dr. Frank Dickson had charge  of the courses in Plant
Pathology and Physiology and primary responsibility for the basic
course,  Biology 1.    His researches wore on saltations in certain
fungi,  induced by changes  in temperature, hydrogen ion and
light conditions  (with Miry Mulvin).
Mr, John Davidson has beon in charge of the evening
class in Botany for more than twenty seasons. The membership
in this class ranged from twonty to fifty. He is examiner in
Botany for tho British Columbia Pharmaceutical Association.
During the winter sossion 1942-43 and tho  summer of
1943 Dr.  John Allardyce directed c study of the inter-relationships
of tho hormone thyroxine and tho vitamins thiamine,  riboflavin and
pyridoxino mode possible through tho University Research Grant
and further  contributions from tho Departments of  Biology and
Botany end of Zoology.      The problem is now completed and in
course of preparation for publication.      A brief summary of the
work follows.
The Antithyrogenic Effect of Thiamine.  Riboflavin and
Pyridoxino After  Induced Hyperthyroidism,
During the past thirty years enthusiastic claims
appeared from timo to time for therapeutic use in all evicting
hyperthyroidism but most of these were  disputed,    Tho two methods
usually adopted in cases of hyperthyroidism were partial oblation
or in milder cases the use of compounds of iodine.    To reduce
risk in tho former treatment   it is of ton necessary to apply the
latter first,    Howaver,  tho  iodine treatment may lose its
beneficial effect before the hyporthyroid condition is
sufficiently reduced.
In the lest ton years  a good deal of attention v/as
directed to the role of the B vitamins in counteracting weight
loss,  diminished food intake and anorexia. 26
... ■**.      1ht basal metabolic rate was used as an index of the
activity of the thyroid gland in the past.    Provided oertain conditions,  such as the length of fasting and environmental temperature
a?S ^fP&^WlS-™ oth?i* influencing factors controlled; ft
can still serve m this capacity, *«--.««,  ±v,
-, ^The apparatus, previously reported as haying beon constructed
in our laboratories, was used with considerable success in determining
basal metabolic rates of our albino rats after inducing hyperthyroidism
and then treating with thiamine, riboflavin and pyridoxino;
Each of these vitamins showed some antithyrogenic activity
with riboflavin being very effective in both the lowering of the basal
metabolic rate and in the restoration of weight lost.
Honours Course in Genetics.
Through the appointment of Miss  Ruth E. Fields the value of
the general course in Biology has been augmented,  and an honours course
in Biology and Botany  (Genetics Option)  made possible. ' Other departments, particularly Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Poultry Husbandry and
Zoology, have co-operated in tho work in Genetics.    Miss Fields'
researches havo been on "Crossover mutations in Drosophila (fruit fly)
induced by temperature and by radiations of six to ten motor wavelength."
Prospective Developments of the Department.
The work and contributions of this Department to branches of
Applied Biological Sciences have been augmented by war conditions and
it is anticipated that the rehabilitation period will greatly increase
the requirement  of Biological and Botanical instruction and research.
The number of premedical students has  reached a high level.    It is
anticipated that  the newly organized Department of Home Economics will
be closely related to Biological Soience.    The development of Forestry
in post-war years is expected to require further facilities and staff
for tho course Biology, Forestry Option.    Already a number of outstanding students have graduated in this field and scholarships havo
beon awarded from leading universities.
Additional Facilities required.
Several reports, previously submitted, have demonstrated the
orowded conditions under which this Department has operated for more
than fifteen years.    More facilities are urgently required to provide
for the present  student demand and it is  safe to predict that the
demand of post-war developments will present an unsurmountable problem
unless plans are made in anticipation of theso movements.    The first
accepted plan of this University featured a "Biological Building."
It is urgently requested that early consideration be given to
rehabilitation projects which are essentially Biological;  and to the
Applied Biological Soionces, as Medicine, Pharmacy, Forestry, Fisheries
and Agriculture which are fundamentally constructive at all times,
consequently needed the more, now and in the immediate future. Department of Chemistry. 2?
Practically all researches carried on in this Department
during the year havo been for one or other of the Armed Services,
hence no details are permitted regarding the investigations, or the
results obtained.    These investigations have been largely upon the
making of now explosives or improved methods for manufacturing already
known explosives.     One of the products upon which work was done during
the last three years is now in commercial production at Shawinigan
Falls,   Quebec.     Other problems have been on the production of new,
low-boiling, toxic,  organic fluorine compounds; reagents for counteracting certain war gases at room temperature;  a study of hygroscopic
smoke reagents; the explosive limits of certain war gases.
The Department of National Defence,   through the National
Researoh Council,   gave a grant of $5,500 to the Department  of
Chemistry for this work during the fiscal year 1942-43.    A part of
this appropriation was used to employ eight graduate students during
the  summer months to work on these problems.    The research experience
thus gained will be credited towards their Master's degree.
Since the members of the staff of the Department are not
permitted to publish any of the results of these war investigations,
publications from the Department have almost ceased.
Dr. M.   J, Marshall and Dr,   R, H.   Clark attended the meetings
of tho Royal Society of Canada at Hamilton.    Dr, Marshall presented a
paper on "Tho Potentials of Metal Electrodes in Circuits of High
Dr.  Clark attended during the year three meetings of the
Directors of the National Researoh Council and was Chairman of the
"Review Committee" for the fiscal year 1942-43.    The function of this
Committee is to ovaluato as far as possible the  accomplishments of
the National Research Council for tho year and to make recommendations
to the Director for the work of the coming year.
Department of Classics.
In addition to the articles listed under Publications,  Dr.
0.  J. Todd has a review and an artiole in the hands of tho printers
and-Mr*  L. A. MacKay has in progress a study of the composition of
Homer's Iliad and of a new method of teaching Beginners'  Latin,
Department of Commerce.
Owing to war restrictions and conditions no radical changes
were attempted.    The numbers of students enrolled in the various
courses were practically the same as for the previous year.      The
start of the session was to some extent handicapped by the absence of
Professor E, H. Morrow who, because of sickness,  did not return to
his classes until the middle of October.    This meant a slight curtailment  of the ground covered in some of the courses.    The
situation was aggravated by the shut-down duo to fuel shortage. 28
A somewhat noticeable trend was an increase in the number
of students enrolled for tho Double Degree in Commerce and Forestry
During the session field visits wero mado to tho Sumner.
Iron Works, Ltd., the Alaska Pino Company, Ltd., and the Safeway
Stores Limited.
Tho following visitors lectured on the topics stated:
Industrial Management.
E. G. McDonagh - Hudson's Bay Company.
A. C, Kennedy - H. R. Macmillan Export Company Ltd,
George T, Cunningham
John C. Putt and E.Hawes
F. W. Benwell
T. R. Farrell
Ivor Crimp
John Dixon
J. S. Thompson
W. G. Gibson
Cunningham Drug-Stores Ltd.
Hudson's Bay Company,
Federated Welfare Agency.
Woodward Stores Limited,
Safeway Stores Limited.
David Spencer Limited.
The W, H. Malkin Company Ltd.
National Cellulose Limited,Toronto.
Department  of Economics, Political Science .and Sociology.
Professor H. F. Angus continued on leave with the Department
of External Affairs at Ottawa and the Dean carried on Departmental
affairs at Vancouver,    No courses in Government were offered.    This
is a groat handicap but unavoidable as it appears that all the
available men qualified to give Government have been commandeered by
tho Government.
Owing to the scarcity of,   and need for,  social workers in
the Province, arrangements were made to speed-up the  course in Social
Work so that by a proper selection of undergraduate work a candidate
would be  able to qualify for the Diploma of Social Work in one
summer after graduation instead of ono Winter Session and ono Summer
Session as fomorly.
The work of the course was strengthened for 1943 by the
appointment of an Associate Professor of Social Work.
Tho Department was honoured in that one of its honour
students,  Robert M.  Clark, was awarded a Fellowship in Economics in
Dr.  C  W. Topping continued his research on tho family and
on tho urban community.    He is a member of various organizations
chief among them being the Executive of the Canadian Political
Science Association and tho Editorial Advisory Board of tho  Canadian
Journal of Economics and Political   S«1.«r».oe. Department of Education.
The staff of this Department consisted of two men only, as
the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Dr. D. H, Russell was
not filled. However, the burden of supervising practice-teaching was
considerably lightened by the reduotion in the enrolment in the
Toacher Training Course. Also, the Departmont was so fortunate as
to onlist tho services of Mr, C. B. Wood for ono of tho courses
formerly given by Dr. Russell.  It was a pleasure to welcomo Mr.
Wood back to tho work of tho Department.
Tho experience of the year has shown that as long as tho
enrolment in the Teaohor Training Course is small tho work of tho
Departmont can bo handled satisfactorily with the present roducod
staff. After tho war, however, a considerable Increase in the
enrolment of tho Teacher Training Course is inovitable, and this
will make necessary the appointment of an additional member
of tho staff.
' The Teacher Training Course.
A change in the certification regulations of tho Provincial
Department of Education made unnecessary the giving of elementary-
school methods and practice. This made possible the starting earlier
of lectures in secondary-school methods, Tho number of these
lectures was increased. Tho former olomentary-school practice was
replaced by additional practice in the junior high school.
The closing of the city's schools in January on account
of bad'weather made necessary the reduction by one week of the senior
high school practice.
Saturday Morning Classes.
The Department's practice of offering on Saturday mornings
classes for the teachers of tho Lower Mainland was continuod,
Education 25 and 33 being offered. The enrolment in those classes
continues to increase.
Education l6.
At the beginning of tho fall term, a new reading course,
Education 16, was offered. Each student enrolled studied methods of
teaching in two of the six subject-matter fields for which outlines
had boon prepared. The supervision of this course entailed a heavy
burden of reading papers. In this connection, tho Department wishes
to acknowledge with many thanks the oourtoous and tireless assistance
of Professor A, C. Cooke of the Department of History.
Tho course has been made available to persons in the
Armed Forces. 30
Dr.  F. T.  Tyler and Dr. M. A.  Cameron have undertaken a snail
study of the  scoring of the true-false test.    Dr. Tylor continued his
work on concept developnent and is making an investigation of tho
Teman-McNenar test.
Dr. Tyler was retained,  for a portion of the summer of 1943,
by the Provincial Department of Forestry to  study the problem of
personnel selection.
Department of English
As the report   of this Department  is brief and cannot be
improved upon either in style or succinctness,  it  is quoted in toto,
"The freshman class was unusually and unexpectedly large. And,
in consequence, the  enrolment  in many of the   separate  sections was
larger than it should have been.    As in my former reports,  I again
record the  conviction that,  to do effective w^rk,  these sections should
not be much larger than thirty.    But,   in view of the circumstances,   I
think that the work of the First Year was perhaps more  satisfactory
than could have been expected or even than usual.
As for the Seoond, Third and Fourth Years,  there  is nothing
of  specific  importance to report.    The regular courses wero all given
in thoiBual fashion.     It  is ny impression that the student grades were
slightly more satisfactory than usual.
It may be proper to note here that,  during the year,  Dr.
W.  L.  MacDonald continued work on his  study of Pope,  and Dr.   F.  E.  L.
Priestley got his book on Godwin ready for publication.
Professor E, Morrison's load in Applied Science is still far
too heavy, though it was somewhat relieved by the assistance of Mr.
G. P. Akrigg with the  students in Agriculture.     In this course Mr,
Akrigg did particularly good work.    And it is a great satisfaction to
note that Dr.  Morrison's work has at  last won warm recognition from the
Faculty and students in Applied  Science.
I should like to make two notes looking forward to the coming
year.  One is of immediate and pressing importance:  the new Army Course
No.   2 will put a considerable additional  strain upon the Department
during the session 1943-44,   since it  seems impossible to get competent
instruction except from the members of the Department who already have
a full load of work to cope with.    The  second concerns a general
revision of the Arts curriculum:  it seems to me that  stops should be
taken,   immediately,   leading to that end.    Probably no definite and
complete plans for the future can now be made.    But I think it is
important that the Faculty should be considering tho matter as soon
as possible.     " Department of Geology and Geography *
The groat majority of the students in Geology are in the
Faculty of Applied Science, This arises from the fact that all
prospective students of Geology aro urged by tho Departmont to enter
tho Applied Science Faculty so that upon graduation they would bo
eligible to become members of the Association of Professional
Engineers of tho Province of British Columbia, The courses in Arts
and Scionce and in Applied Science, however, are, with very slight
exceptions, identical.
Geography 1 was modified to include a two-hour laboratory
poriod covering minerals, rocks and fossils. Geography 4 attracted
noteworthy attention with its emphasis upon Goomorphology (formerly
known as Physiography).
Reference is made elsewhere in this report to tho sudden and
regrettable death of Dr. Gordon Davis.
The staff of the department woro engaged individually in
various lines of researches.
Dr. M. Y. Williams presented to tho Royal Society of Canada,
by title, a synopsis of the Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Hong
Kong, thereby assuring the publication of part of tho work of Dr.
R. W, Brock, Dr. S, J, Schofield, Dr. W. L, Uglow and himself, so long
delayed by tragic events. Ho also undertook for the Goological
Society of Amerioa, a revision of tho Silurian of Arctic America,
originally undertaken by the late Dr, E. M. Kindle, During the summer
of 1943 he was engaged on a goological reconnaissance of 360 miles of
tho Alaskan Highway from Fort No Is on to Watson Lako. Tho work is
being carried out by the Geological Survey of Canada as a part of the
International program of the Northwest Planning Commission.
Dr, C. 0, Swanson and Dr, H, C. Gunning wero engaged as
geologists by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
investigating ore deposits in East Kootonay, and some problems of the
ores of the Sullivan Mine.
Dr. Gunning, in addition, investigated occurrences, of
vanadium near Campbell River.
Dr. H. V. Warren and Dr. Gordon Davis continued scientific
prospecting for strategic minerals - a work carried on with considerable
success in 1942. (it was while engaged in this work that Dr. Davis diod
very suddenly.) Dr. Warren carried on his investigations of various
ores by means of special analysis and microscopic examination of
polished surfaces. More details of his work nay be found undor Special
Department of History.
The effects of the Seoond World War became increasingly
evident during the session 1942-43. After twonty-ono years of most
valuable service in the Department of History, Professor F. H. Soward
left temporarily for the Department of External Affairs in Ottawa. 32
Enrolment in tho ordinary undergraduate  lecturo oourses has
beon somewhat reduced.    None the  loss it was found possible to carry
on all courses listed in tho  Calondar with the exception of the M.A.
Seminar in British Columbia History.     Dr, Sylvia L. Thrupp gave a
Directed Reading Course in History 4 (Medieval History)  to a class
of forty-nine students.    She prepared an excellent  set of notes,  copies
of which will be submitted with her report on the Directed Reading
Researches and Activities.
During the session 1942-43 Dr. W. N.  Sage continued his
researches on the requirements for the M.A.  degree in Canadian
universities.     On October 31,  1942, he read a paper at the annual
mooting of the Canadian Social Science Research Council at Toronto
entitled "A preliminary report  on the requirements for  the M.A.
degree in Canadian universities."    Portions of this report were later
mimeographed and sent to tho various Canadian universities.    As a
result  of numerous valuable comments and suggestions received,  the
no mo ran dun was revised and presented at  the May meeting of the Canadian
Social Scjence Research Council held at McMaster University, Hamilton,
Ontario,  on May 20-21,  1943.    The Council asked Dr.  Sage to continue
his investigations and to report   at  the autumn meeting.
Early in June Dr.  Sage spent  several days in Ottawa pursuing
his investigations in British Columbia history,  concentrating on the
correspondence Which passed between Sir John A. Maodonald and Sir
Joseph Trutch from I872 to 1878.    In July he spent some time in tho
Provincial Archives at Victoria investigating the files of tho Daily
Standard and Daily Colonist,  1872-1874.    While in Hamilton he attended
tho annual meetings or conventions of the following organizations:
The Canadian Social Science Research Council, The Canadian Institute
of International Affairs, Tho Canadian Historical Association, The
Canadian Political Science Association, The Royal Society of Canada,
At tho annual meeting of the Canadian Historical Association
Dr.   Sago was elected Vice-President for  the year 1943-44.    During the
past year he was Vice-Chairman and Acting-Chairman of the Vancouver
Branch of the  Canadian Institute of International Affairs.
Professor F. H.  Soward of the Canadian  delegates to
tho MontTremblant  Conference of tho Institute of Pacifie Relations in
December,  1942.    He was appointed Chairman of the Regional Round Table
on China and won groat praise for his handling of this' difficult task.
He also attended in March 1943 a special conference of the Pacific
Coast Branch of the Social Science Research Council (U.S.A.).
As in previous years he assisted in editing the  section on
Canada for the standard reference work, Political Handbook of the
World,  1943.
He also  completed a chapter on "Canada's Policy in the Postwar World " a volume on Reconstruction to be published by the Canadian
Institute of International Affairs,   and a volume  "Twenty-five Troubled
Years,  1918-43" to be published by th©  Oxford University Press in the
autumn of 1943. 53
Mr. A.  C.  Cooke continued his collection of material on
Robert Montgomery Martin,  Empire historian.    Through the  kindness of
Dr. W.  X.  Lamb,   the Library acquired additional out-of-print books
by Martin.
An experiment  in the preparation and use of graphical
material and large-scale maps for instructional purposes was conductod.
Dr.  Sylvia L. Thrupp made considerable progress towards
completing her book on- social classes in medieval London.      The
Social Scionce Research Council gave her a grant to help meet final
typing expenses.    Tho detailod  annotation required in a work of this
kind makos preparation of a final draft a difficult and exacting
She also prepared a Guide for M.A.  students in History.    It
is hoped to expand this into a small book on the writing of local
Department of Mathematics.
While there was  an increase in the numbers in the  lower
years in Arts and Science and in Applied Science,  there was a falling
off in graduate work.    For the first time in a great many years there
wero no graduates taking their M,A, with a major in Mathematics.    No
doubt many students capable of doing advanced work in Mathematics
turned to fields more directly applicable to the war effort.
On account of tho heavy-duties devolving upon the Head of
the Department as the Dean of the Faculty, most  of the administrative
work of tho Department was handled by Professor Walter H, Gage.
During tho year Dr,   Ralph Hull and Professor Gage served on
a committee appointed by the Provincial Department of Education to
consider and revise the High School curriculum in Mathematics.
The researches as submitted in the  individual reports
consisted of work  on Arithmetical Identities of the Liouville Type
by Professor Gage and two papers by the Head of tho Department on a
four- and a five-body problem.
Departmont  of Modern Languages.
A course in Beginners'  Spanish was authorized for the session
In German, the enrolment  continued to increase owing ohlefly
to the demands of students in Science and in Applied Science,    There
was a further compensating decline in Fronoh classes,  where tho
important factor of tho achievement of Freshmen entrants from British
Columbia High Schools,  to which reference was made in the reports for
1940-41 and  1941-42,  continued to oxort a depressing influence.     It is
the experience of all those engaged in teaching this  subject that the
students now entering tho University are unprepared for University work. 34
The causos woro correctly analysod in tho report on achiovonont
submittod with the dopartmontal report for 1940-41; this analysis was
submitted to tho Department of Education at the timo, and has not boon
contradicted. It is a further contributing factor that in a groat many
cases the Froshnon havo had thoir language studios intorruptod before
University entrance by a poriod of twelve months.
Prospects in Language in Education.
The rocontly published Report of tho United Nations Education
Conforonce hold in London contains important pointers on Languago in
post-war oducation. This roport, which has beon formally prosontod to
tho Govornnonts of tho United Nations, advocates English and Fronch as
the prino auxiliary languages to bo taught in the schools of all
countries represented; in English-speaking eountrios, it is rooom-
monded that Fronoh bo tho chief language taught. (Times Educational
Supplement. 3 July, 1943.) 	
A fornor studont, Mr, Alfred E.  Carter, B.A.  and Gold
Medallist   (1958),  after receiving the degree of M.A,  at McGill University for a brilliant thesis on Baudolairo and his critics, was appointed
Lecturer in French at Bishop's University.    Mr.  W.T.E.Konnott.B.A.
(1932), Ph.D. (Princeton),   joined tho staff of tho Departnont  of
External Affairs.     Dr.  Doborah A, K. Aish. M.A.(1936),  D.Lett.(Paris),
published another study of Mallarn6:- LoRoyo do St6phane Mallarn&
(Publications of tho Modern Language Association of Anorioa,  1VI,
874-84).    Mr.  Donald Baker, B.A.(1940), M.A.(1941),  published a
dictionary of Italian words and phrases for tho use of the U.S.forces.
Miss Patricia Gathorcolo, B.;..(1941), M..., (1942), was awarded a
Scholarship by tho University of California and commenced studies
loading to tho Ph.D.  degree; Professor C.  3. Borden, who spont the
summer at Borkaloy, reports that her abilities havo already brought
recognition there.
Ro search V/ork.
Professors A. F. B, Clark and D, 0. Evans continued thoir
work for the Critical Bibliography of French Literature. Professor
C, E, Bordon spont tho sunnor at tho Univorsity of California, pro-
paring for publication a book on Lossing and Johann Elias Schlogel.
Work in progress includes on edition of Racino's plays by Dr. Olark
for tho Editions do l'Arbro sorios and a study of 3ymbolisn by Dr.
Miss Janet T. Groig contributed articles to the B.C.Teachor
doaling with tho study of Fronch; also an article on Oontral British
Oclunbia to the Family Herald and Wookly Star.    A papor on "Tho Life
and Works of Louis Honon"  is in preparation.
Dr. Dorothy Dallas continued hor rosoarch on "Tho Marais
as a Literary and Scientific Contra of Paris in tho 17th Century" -
a study begun in tho Bibliothdquo do la Ville de Paris in tho sunnor
of 1939.    This rosoarch adds valuable background to Fronoh 3a
Litorature of tho Age of Louis XIV of which Br.   Dallas had charge. ^5
Departnont of Philosophy and Psychology.
A new course, Philosophy 20. Philosophy of Mind, was
offered for the first tine as an Honours and Graduate Seminar. Another
now oourse in tho field of Philosophy and Mathematics is contenplated,
viz., Mathonatioal Logic. It is suggested that this course be
given by a nember of the Departnont of Mathonatics.
Researches in progress in the Departnont aro as follows:
Professor J. A. Irving.
(a) Began work on an article whioh will ro-oxanino tho
contemporary theory of ethical relativity in tho light of enpirical
evidence and the comparative nethod.
(b) Continued work on a chapter for a forthcoming voluno
entitled, Resistance to Social Change, being prepared under tho
auspices of the Comnittee for the Psychological Study of Social
Issues, Anorican Psychological Association. This-chapter deals with
the philosophical aspects of resistance to social chango.
Continued work on a book on Symbolism.
Dr. J. E. Morsh
With Barley Abbott;    Eidetic Imagery.
Dr.  F. T. Tyler.
(a)    Statistical Analysis of the Terman-McNenar Tests of
Mental Ability.
With Dr.  J.  E. Morsh;   Studios of Concept Formation.
Dr. A,  P. Maslow.
An investigation of the History of Art,  including the
technical analysis of works of art,  as an aid to the teaching of
Professional Activities.
Professor J. A. Irving.
Continued,  for the year 1943, as (1) President of the Pacific
Conference on tho Teaching of Philosophy;   (2)  a Director on the
Executive of the  Canadian Psychological Association;   (3)   an Editor
of tho Bulletin of the Canadian Psychological Association.
Dr. F, T. Tyler.
(a) Retained by the Forest Branch of tho Provincial Government , Victoria, B.C., to do researoh on personnel selection. 36
(b)     Served as Consulting Psychologist for Mr. F.A.Frasor,
of Bloodol,  Stewart and Welch,  in connection with the  introduction of
tests as an aid in personnel selection.
Academic appointments secured by Graduates.
(a) William M.   Sibley,  who graduated in 1939 with First
Class Honours in Philosophy end Psychology,   and who reoeived his M.A.
in Philosophy in 1940,  has boon appointed to the position of Locturer
in Philosophy at  Quean's University.
(b) Oliver Laoay, who graduated in 1938,  has boon appointed
to tho position of Instructor in Psychology at Woman's College,
University of North Carolina.
Department  of Physics.
During tho 1942-43 session,  the nunbor of students enrolled
in courses in Physics constituted an all-tine record for tho Dopart-
Three nenbers of tho teaching staff and the instrunont-
naker are  on leave of absence for war work.    Dr.  A. M,  Crooker is in
charge of the design of optical instrunents at Research Enterprises,
Ltd.,  in Toronto.     Dr. Kenneth C Mann is in charge of a unit at tho
National Research Council which is carrying on research and development work on radio location equipment.     Dr.   George Volkoff is  engaged
on a secret project for tho National Research Council.    Ho is working
in Montreal with a selected group of outstanding scientific mon fron
Great Britain,  United  States and Canada.    Mr.  William Fraser is with
the United Kingdom Inspection Board.
The largo increase in the number of  students in the  junior
years at a tine when three members of the teaching staff aro on leave
of absence has nado it necessary to reduce tho nunbor of graduate courses
offered.    However., by substituting related courses in Mathematics and
Electrical Engineering,   it has been possible to continue    offering
work for tho M.A.  degree.
The research work of tho Dopartnont  suffered not  only from
tho absence of nombo rs of tho  staff,  but also because tho ablest
graduates wero required for v/ar research at tho National Research
Council and in industry.    Those Who did register for graduate work
wore so urgontly needed as part-tine demonstrators that they were able
to give vory little tine to research.    It is hoped that this is only
a temporary situation,  otherwise it would bo oxtronely sorious.
Dr.  H.  D.  Snith continued his  investigations of the nolecular
structure of a series of normal paraffin hydrocarbons,  which are anong
the nost important petroleum derivatives occurring in lubricating oils.
Ra£a£ Sootra o? very pure octadooano and decosane,   two members of the
series, wore obtained and the fundamental frequencies of vibration of
their noleoules were determined.
Tho results of this research were presented  at the reoent
meeting of tho Royal Society of Canada at Hamilton,   Ontario.    A paper 37
dealing with these investigations also was included in tho progranne
of the A.A.A.S. noeting scheduled for Corvallis, Oregon on Juno 16th.
1943. .
Mr. William Petrie investigated the Stark Effect of Helium
in B-Type Stars. This interesting problem in Astrophysios was carried
on conjointly with the Astrophysical Observatory at Victoria.
At tho nooting of the American Astronomical Society,
December 1942, he presented a paper on "Calibration of the King
Intensity Scale."
At the meeting of the American Astronomical Society,
June 1943, and again at the Royal Society of Canada, May 1943, he gave
a paper on "The Temperature Gradient of the Solar Chromosphere."
He completed his Doctorate Dissertation - "A Study of the
1936 Eclipse Chromosphoric Intensities, and the Derivation of Lino
During tho year the Department was called upon to undertake
tests and minor investigations for provincial and federal government
departments, various industries, and the British Columbia War Metals
Research Board.
The Head of tho Departmont was appointed a member of tho
National Research Council, Ottawa.
Departmont of Zoology.
Increases in the fundamental courses in Zoology necessitated
additional laboratory sections as well as material and equipment.
Dr. W, A. Clemens was appointed a member of the Research
Board of Canada. His researches during the year were as follows:
(1)  Study of the sockeye salmon data oollected annually by
the Provincial Fisheries Department.
\c}    A review and summary of tho sockeye data 1913 to 1941
Natural foods of tho trout of British Columbia.
(4) Age determinations of halibut for the International
Fisheries Commission.
(5) Account of the marine fishes of British Columbia (with
G. V. Wilby).
(6) Account of tho Bivalve Mollusca of British Columbia
(with R. W. Pillsbury).
(7) Chock-list of tho fresh water fauna and flora of
British Columbia (with G. J. Spencer). r,   G,   -j .   Spencer Is of interest:
"Owing to tension of war, tho attitude of most of the
students in my classes was more earnest than usual and thoir application
markedly more sorious:  on tho other hand some  students went to the
othor extreme and their marks wore correspondingly low.    Tho number of
those taking pro-medical subjects was  above tho average and some of them
included the worst failures.     In Animal Histology,  laboratory room
Applied Science 215 was again taxed to the utmost and I was forced to
request  several  students to  select another course or to postpone
this one until spring 1944."
The usual large number of enquiries was receivod by Mr.
Spencer from all over the Province,  concerning insects of economic
importance; tho portion of these enquiries from Vancouver provides a
good cross-section of insoct troubles in homes,   from year to year.
Correspondence was also  carried on with various systenatists in North
America in connection with tho identification of insects of British
Mr.   Spencer spent the months  of June,  July and August  in the
Dominion Entomological Branch Laboratory at Kamloops, writing up records
of past years on grasshopper research.    One field trip of nearly 1000
miles was taken the end of June,  to inspect the main grasshopper areas
of the Province.    During the absences of the officer in charge, the
laboratory was in his care,  involving written and oral replies to
enquiries concerning insects.    Laboratory experiments v/ere conducted
on the control of wireworms which are becoming a pest of major
importance in the Province.    There  appears to be promise in the use of
sodium silico fluoride incorporated into baits buried at six and ten
feet intervals,  for attracting and killing these insects in small
areas of valuable  crops such as victory gardens and fields grown for
The only opportunity for collecting occurred on Sunday
afternoons when some 2000 insects were  collected and labelled for the
University.    A special field study was made of wasps'  nests to extend
the   systematic work done on these insects over a period of years.  All
the spocios likely to occur in tho Province,  two black and ten yellow,
aro on hand in quantity and will be writton up this winter.    There  is a
plague of wasps in British Columbia this year and thoir nosts in
orchards are proving a serious handicap in picking.
Tho type of researches which Mr.   Spencer has been writing up
is shown in the Technical Report of tho Kamloops laboratory.    Copies
are filod at Ottawa and in tho three prairie provinces.    The work
constitutes the most thorough field experiments in baits for grasshoppers,  yet performed.     In 1942 ono year's reports wero written up;
this past summer two years' work was  summarized.    This writing-up
is long overdue but  it is impossible to do concentrated field work
in summer and to write up tho records in winter along with a heavy
teaohing schedulo at  the University,
Tho departmont museum collections have continued to increase
rapidly and tho problem of storage space is pressing. 59
Most generous and helpful co-operation was received from tho
Provincial Musoun, tho Provincial Game Departnont, tho Provincial
Fishorios Departmont, the Fisheries Rosoarch Board and tho Dominion
Division of Entomology,  as well as from many individuals.
Directed Reading Courses.
There wore two Directed Reading Coursos during the yoar,
English  16,   Romantic Poetry 178O-I830
Dr.  Dorothy Blakoy.
History 4, Mediaeval Europe 500-1300
Dr,  Sylvia L. Thrupp.
Tho arrangement   of the Direotod Reading Courses and the
appointment of the instructors in the spring of 1942 onablod considerable
time to bo spont during tho following summor on tho organization of
the courses and tho preparation of tho preliminary bulletins,  so that
students koon enough to register at the end  of the Summer Session
could bo interviewed and supplied with material immediately.    The
early appointments also nado it possible for tho Library to ordor books
well in advance so as to havo then available whon needed by tho
English 16.
The ain of the course,  as stated by the instructor,  v/as to
enable a student not only to acquire an intelligent appreciation of
faots and their relations but to bocone aware,  unconsciously, that
the reading of a poen is not merely an intellectual exercise but an
individual experience,  involving onotions and attitudes which may
even affoct tho practical conduct of life.    The general idea throughout
the courso,  therefore, was to bring the studont directly end
inescapably into contact with the poens thenselvos and not with
historical surveys of facts concerning poems and poets; to stimulate
personal reflection;   and to train a student neither to offer nor to
accept critical judgments without  considering tho evidence of the
text itself.
Twenty-four bulletins v/ore prepared totalling over 120
pages of mimeographed material.     Outside reading consisted of a
minimum of nine books of criticism,  each of which was  selected from
a group of similar titles available for circulation.    There were five
assignments consisting of sample notes on five poens,  a factual and
objective test on the life and works of tho five major poets,  a book
report,   and two essays,  ono short essay requiring no reference books,
and one three thousand word ossay involving tho use of outside material.
All assignments woro marked and annotated in detail by tho instructor,
and this personal criticism was much appreciated by the students.    All
the studonts woro touchers,   ono student being,  in addition,  a member
of tho Provincial Legislature.    Tho results, as usual, woro exceptionally
good. History 4. 40
The general objectives night be listed as follows:
To prevent tho work degenerating into mechanical cramming.
To train students to read critically,  distinguishing between
established fact and mere opinion.
To teach them to use original source naterial instead of
relying always on textbook summaries.
To stinulate interest in tho  interrelationship between political
and  social problons,  in tho hopo of helping then to  integrate courses
in history,   ocononics,  political science and sociology.
Seventeen bulletins totalling about  sixty pages were
mimeographed and distributed.    The first six bulletins wore introductory giving a complete outline of the content  of the course, the
problems on which students were to focus attention, the required
readings and tho  dates of assignments.    The remaining eleven bulletins
were distributed at intervals giving advice .on readings,   criticisms
on work submitted and outline analyses of tho broad problems most
likely to be misunderstood.    Almost all the  students showed,  during the
progress of the course,  marked   improvement in critical ability and in
tho power of grasping historical situations even although most of thfcm
were under enhanced, pressure in their ordinary occupationst. due to
wartime conditions.    The examination.results were uniformly good,.the
median of the narks being 105.
Both tho instructors in tho Directed Reading Courses give
high praise to Miss Vera Bell and  Miss Eva Morley for carrying a heavy
clerical load with accuracy and unfailing efficiency; to Miss  Doreen
Woodford and to Miss Norah Gibson who woro in charge  of the mail
service of books loaned to students;  and finally to Dr. W. K, Lanb for
his advice and assistance in facilitating the early ordering of books.
The Dean wishes to record his appreciation of the  splendid way in which
all connected with those courses carry out their duties so efficiently
from year to year.
Departnont  of Hone Economics.
This is not a report of work done in a department but an
announcement  of tho formation of a now dopartment.    After a period of
consideration extending well  over twenty years,  and after one
unsuccessful attempt in 1931-32,  the University has at last launched
the much desired Department of Home Economics upon lines bespeaking
vigour and longevity.    Arrangements wore made to begin In September
1943 coursos covering tho first two years towards a degree.    Through
the generosity of tho Vancouver School Board,  tho laboratory work
will be conductod at tho King Edward High School.
As in previous years certain research projects were carried
out under special grants from the Board of Governors.     Reports on
those projects that were undnr m supervision aro listed below.    The
reports wero submitted for the fiscal year 1942-43. 41
Undulant Fever.     Dr. C.E.Dolman, Mr. D.G.B.Mathias.
The favourable results previously obtained in the
immunization of nice against Brucella abortus by means of a series of
injections of heat-killed vaccine were again obtained on  a larger
soale, using several hundreds of nice in tho experiments. Mico
troatod with a series of intraperitonoal injections of the heat-
killed vaocino resisted to almost 100% several nininal lethal doses
of virulent living Brucella abortus. Other groups of mice immunized
with "Brucellin," a culture filtrate, failed to show any comparable
degree of protection. This entirely supports the findings of the
previous year, when mico woro also used, and is contrary to tho reports
of other workers as to the rospective efficacy of heat-killed vaccine
and "Brucellin" in human beings with undulant fever. The usefulness
of the synthetic medium which was referred to in former reports was
confirmed. Two or throe hunan cases of undulant fevor were troatod
with tho boat-killed vaccine, with apparently favourable results.
Tho rlochanisn of the immunity induced in mico by those
immunization procedures was studied and found to bo related to some
extant to an enhanced phagocytic power of tho white blood cells of tho
Imunizod animals. However, it would appear that other faotors than
this voro involved in the protection conferred by tho vaccine.
Genetics of Economic Plants. Dr. A. H. Hutchinson,
Rosoarches havo boon conducted for several yoars and a nunbor
of papers havo been published, others aro in progress. Two papers aro
in progress, "Genetics of Medicago (Alfalfa)" and another on "Genetics
of Abies (Balsam Fir)." One or noro of these should bo completed
during tho early sunnor. The problem of student assistants for
regular class work and time spont on demands arising from special
conditions of the tines havo delayed those papers somewhat. It is
hoped that this delay will not preclude tho continuance of these
important investigations.
The Effect of Hornonos and of Radiant Energy on Growth.
Dr. John Allardyce.
Progress with this problon has permitted the preparation and
publication of a papor entitled "Effects of Visible Radiations upon
Albino Rats" which appeared in The American Journal of
November, 1942.
Apparatus built in this laboratory for determining basal
metabolic rates has been used to establish normals for albino rats.
This has involved the determination of tho effects on metabolic rates
of sex, age, temperature and the length of time since this last
feeding. The hormone thyroxine is known to have a stimulating effect
on both growth and netabolisn. However, the effect produced by
feeding desiccated thyroid can not always bo accounted for by tho
thyroxine content.  Our first experiments in feeding desiccated
thyroid indicated the presence of a depressant rather than a stimulant
for the metabolic rate when fed in snail single doses. Subsequent
research accounted for this in tho finding of the need to carry out
the'determination at a critical temperature, 30°C. and at a definite 42
time following fcoding.    This rathor high critical temperaturo, which
is equivalent to 86°F., has necessitated some changes of facilities
for obtaining and maintaining this temperature, - Theso are in the
prooess of caking.    The work on this problem will be oarried on to the
end of Juno when it is hoped a full report can be made,
B.  0.  Coal and Shalo. Dr,  W.  F,  Seyor.
During 1942-43 little actual work was done on this problem.
The monoy allottod was usod for tho purchase of instruments roquired
for oontrol work.    Since there is in British Columbia much coal with
a high bituminous content,  the investigation is to bo directed largely
to this field.      The rato at which our oil reserves are dwindling
makes investigations along these linos increasingly urgent.
Tho temperatures involved will be quit© high, hence, it is
necessary to havo temperature oontrol instruments of a special nature.
Superaotivo Charcoal.      Dr, M.  J, Marshall. Mr.Georgo V. ■
Tho work on tho modo of decomposition of oxygon ohemisorbed
on activated charcoal was completed.
The manner in which a surface complex breaks up is of great
interest to investigators in tho fiold of combustion.    k% tho higher   -
temperatures at which most combustion experiments have been conducted
the majority  of invostigators havo cono to the conclusion that the
surface oomplex breaks up into equal amounts of GOg and CO and
attempts have boon nado to draw fron this relationship cortain conclusions regarding the chemical composition of the surface complex.
It is evident from our results that the effective composition
of the surface complex is not fixed but depends on the amount of
oxygen which can got to tho surface,   and this in turn depends on the
temperature at which tho combustion is proceeding.
Because of the fact that combustion will only proceed at
elevatod tenporaturos, the surface oxygon concentration during combustioi
nevor reaches tho high value attained experiment ally, with tho result
that the ratio of CO? to CO is fixed at some intermediate value, whioh
happens to be approximately 1*1.    So it nust be concludod from the
results that th© theoretical significance, which has beon ascribed to
this constant ratio by combustion investigatora, is not justified.
Surface Reactions of Minerals in Flotation.  Dr. W, Ure.
•tmmmmmmm"my"umm>«immm«mm www ■■wn ■..mmim—' ■■■miii—.i^mii»iihwiiuw" mium—vtwmiiimhiuii-.-w' ■!■"■■■ ■umimnJi   m mum inini [■■■wi.ii^.wi.iii.wiiiiiiiiiiiin.
Further investigation in this field was postponed as the
major attention of the Department of Chemistry was devoted to research
problems on Explosives. The apparatus purchased for the researches
on flotation was, in the main, applicable to the investigations on
Reduction of Native Ores. Dr. J. Allen Harris.
Two new methods for the quantitative determination of tin
in small amounts were developed and thoir accuraoy checked speotro-
soopioally. 43
. ThG work on Or6ano-*iotallic compounds, originally undertaken
with a view to ascertaining tho possibility of separating tho 3ess
common but strategically important metals, has, at the roouest of tho
War Department, been diverted to an effort to find a method for the
production of specific organo-netallic compounds.
Strategic Metals.    Dr. Harry V. Warren.
The ro suits of this work have been gratifying. After consultation with the Directors of the British Columbia War Metals Research
Board it was decided that there should be a concentrated effort on a
search for tin. Over five hundred samples were examined spoctro-
scopically. Tin was found to be present in minute amounts  in many
ores. In four minos which aro working at the present time, tin was found
in amounts worthy of thorough investigation. After consultation with
the officials of tho British Columbia War Metals Rosoarch Board, the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company - who would smelt any concentrates should thoy be obtained - it was decided to carry on this
work icnediately and it will be undertaken by Mr. R. M. Thompson under
Dr. Warren's direction, with the advice and assistance of Mr. J. K.
Cummings, ufao is in charge of Ore Dressing for the British Columbia
War Metals Research Board.
In addition to this work which was carried on by Mr, D,
Carlisle and Mr. R. M. Thompson, our students in Geology 9 and Geology
24 have worked on problems of value to the mining industry of the
province. These havo dealt with such interesting problems as the
tungsten at tho Emerald Mine, the antimony minerals in the Tatlayoko
Gold Minos, the Bonanza Basin and Sullivan Mines, tho complex ores of
the J. and L. Mine, and the modo of occurrence of tin and cadmium in
the ores of several British Columbia minos.
Another worrying problem has been finally solved.  The
Little Gem Mine, which carries gold and cobalt, has provided trouble
in that the metallurgical results in endeavours to recover the cobalt
have shown considerable variation. This has been found to be the
result of two rare cobalt minerals present in the ore.  One of these
minerals has never been reported in Canada before, although it is now
suspected that it is present in other ores.
All in all the work of tho year was most gratifying in that
mineralogy was shown once again to havo a valuable place both in
finding metals of valuo and in aiding in the problems involved in
their subsequent recovery. Dr, Warren pays tribute to tho grand work
done by his two assistants, Mr. R. M. Thompson and Mr. D. Carlisle
and to tho co-oporation and assistance received from Dr, G. M. Shrum
and the Physics Department of the University of British Columbia in
connection with tho uso of the Hilger spectrograph, from Professor
F. A. Forward and his assistants in tho British Columbia War Metals
Research Board, from Mr. Philip Froeland and his staff of the British
Columbia Department of Minos and also from Mr. F. Woodside and his
assistants in tho British Colunbia Chamber of Minos.
With tho aid of tho new D-78 Hilger spectrograph and D-70
Spoctrographic camera, obtained in January, 1942, with the aid of a
special researoh grant, work on the Raman project went ahead during tho 44
past yoar at  an  increased pace with results of value being
A now phase of tho work was undertaken ono year ago, namely,
the study of tho molecular structure and the characteristic frequencies
of vibration of sone of the nornal paraffin hydrocarbons.
The conpounds investigated were long chain hydrocarbons of
the form CnH2f2 running from C14 H30 to C34H70.    Included in this
series are  some of tho most important petroloum derivatives occurring
in waxos and lubricating oils.    Although hugo quantities of those
conpounds exist in petroleum,  it is vory difficult to obtain any
nenber of the  series in a pure state.     For this  reason, very little
was known concerning the exact moleoular structure of those conpounds
and tho magnitudes of tho vibrational frequencies of the component
atoms.    A Raman investigation of these paraffins appeared highly
Recently,  Dr.  W.  F.   Seyer succeeded in producing quantities
of nost nenbors of this series in a very pure state.    It is hoped
that a thorough study of the Ranan spectra of the whole series can be
nado.    To date,  excellent  Ranan spectrograms have been obtained for
eicosane and docosane,  C18H38 and C22H46,      ^ measurement  of the
Ranan frequency shifts has yielded new fundamental frequencies of
vibration of these molecules.     Due to difficulties caused by
fluorescence in the case of docosane.  it was necessary to construct an
all-quartz apparatus and to use V253o A of the meroury arc  spectrum
as tho incident  radiation.
Tho Ranan research progranno is being enlarged to  include
work on Dr.  W, F.  Seyer's B.C.  Coal and Shale project.
?ar^sito3 and Disoasoo r:j the  Columbian Black-tailed Beor.
During tho year 1942-43 the greater part  of tho research
grant allotted to the  above project was expended on aquipnent   essential
to tho effective prosecution of the study.
At the sano tine,  in co-operation with the Provincial Gano
Commission,  tho field work and incidental laboratory examinations
contributory to the main projeot havo been carried further.
During the year field studies conducted on southern
Vancouver island contributed to  existing knowledge on tho normal
internal protozoan fauna of this host and thus laid the ground for
studies on changes of this fauna associated with disease conditions.
In tho lato winter and early spring several field trips were made to
Ganbier Island, at tho  request  of the Gone Commission, to investigate
an epidemic disease that is causing widespread losses anong the gane
herds.    This investigation is still in progress.      Tentative
identification of the disease has been made and it remains to  confirm
this and to  enquire into the possibility of remedial measures being
A report on one phase of tho investigation has been prepared 45
This is in pross at tho timo of writing and will appear in an
early issue of the Canadian Journal of Rosoarch.
Foods and Feeding of Trout in Hatcheries.
" Dr, W, A,  Clemens, Mr. T. Bridge.
Two invoetigatlons woro carried out during the summers of
1941 and 1942 by Mr. T. Bridge.
The first shows that (a) for trout fry 50% of the beef
livor in the diot nay be replaced by 33% canned salmon, 10% rice
polishings, 5% brewer's yeast and 2% sodium chloride); (b) for trout
fingerlings boef liver nay be entirely replaced by a diet of 50%
beef spleen, 33% canned salmon, 10% rice polishings, 5% brewer's
yeast and 2% mineral mixture.
Tho standard beof liver diot costs 14 cents per pound whilo
the above substitute diets cost 8 conts and 2 conts respectively.
Tho second report deals with certain phases of an
investigation on the growth and anti-anemic factors in tho nutrition
of trout.    Evidenoo is presented to indicate that  tho above factors
aro distinct and both must be supplied in trout diets.
Natural Foods of Trout in British Columbia.
Dr. W, A, Glimons,Mr.G.J,Spencer.
This investigation followed two lines;  (a)  the preparation of
a list of the fresh water plants and animals of British Columbia,   (b)
the examination of the stomach contents of over 350 specimens of trout
taker-in the Province.
The first part was a joint project by Dr. W. A,  Clemens and
Mr,; G.  J, Spencer.    The first draft of tho list is now complete. Many
of, the sections hove been checked by specialists in tho respective
groups and a:few remain to be scrutinized.    The report will be completed
oarly in 1945 and will be of value for roforenco whenever studies of
fish food supplies are undertaken.
The second part is being carried out by Dr.  Clemens and
consists of:
(a) the examination of  several hundred stomachs;
(b) a summary of tho information concerning tho natural
foods of trout in British Columbia;
(c) calculations to determine tho proportions of protein,
fat, carbo-hydrate and ash in the natural foods.    It
is hopod to hove this report completed during tho
summer of 1943.
Clans and Other Bivalvos. Dr. W. A.  Olonens,Mr.R.W.Pillsbury.
mm)mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm)mmmmmm^ * v
This investigation was planned under two divisionst (a) a
systematic review of tho bivalve species occurring along the British
Columbia coast, (b) a study of the reproductive cyclic of one or two
commercial clans. 46
In connection v/ith tho systematic review, a preliminary
manuscript dealing with 150 spocios with drawings of fifteen species
has boon conpleted.
Work on the  socond section has not progressed becauso of
tho lack of a quallfiod student  assistant.
Economic Position of tho Pheasant in the Okanagan.
~~~~~~ Dr.   lan Mcu'aggart Cowan.
This study,  begun in the  latter part  of 1941, was brought
to completion in 1942.    A report was prepared and  submitted to the
Provincial Game Commission by whon it will be published at an oarly
A snail residuum fron tho funds allotted to this   study was,
by permission, transferred to an investigation into tho lifo history
of tho sooty grouse.    This is ono of the nost inportant gono birds
occurring in our Province and ono demanding study to tho end that
adequate management programmes can bo fornulated.    This study has
been actively conducted by Mr,   C.  D.  Fowls throughout the  1942-43
session and satisfactory progress has boon made.     It is unfortunate
that Mr. Fowlo's departure for military service will necessitate
temporary abandonment  of the project.
The special researches undor the Department of Chemistry
which aro not referred to above had to bo abandoned on account  of
investigations on explosivos.
Usefulness of Trade Tests  in tho Selection of Industrial
Workers. '. Dr.  J.  E. Morsh.
A preliminary inquiry at Boeings and Tho Dominion Bridge
Company indicated that under present conditions  it would bo difficult
to carry on a testing programme in any industry actively engaged in
the war effort.    In the first place,  it would bo virtually impossible
to take the men from their jobs for the time required to administer
the tests;  secondly,  due to the extreme labour shortage,  selection
and placement procedure were at a minimum in those industries and
thirdly    tho labour turnover was so rapid that there could be no
follow-up and hence any tests administered would have no predictive
It was then thought that tho best procedure would be to
administer tests to technical school students who would shortly enter
industrial work.    Principal J.  G.  Sinclair and Vice-Principal E, M.
White of the Vancouver Technical School signified their intorest
in tho work and co-operated to the fullest extent  in tho organization
and administration of tosts to approximately 225 of thoir students in
grados X,  XI,  and XII.
Tho following tests were administered:
A.  Standardized Group Tests. ,..,.4.
1. The Otis Quick Scoring Tost  of Mental Ability.
2. The California Test  of Mental Maturity.
3. Tho Detroit Mechanical Aptitudo Test. 47
B.    Standardized Individual Performance Tests.
1. The Purduo Peg Board.
2. The O'Connor Twoozor Dexterity Test.
3. The Minnesota Rate of Manipulation Test.
0.    Unstandardizod Trade Tests prepared by Principal J.G.Sinclair
and  staff.
1. Electrical 4.    Welding
2. Sheet metal 5.    Machine Shop
3. Draughting 6.    Motors
Tho tests woro administered by nonbors of tho staff of tho
Vancouver Technical School and students doing advanced work at the
University of British Columbia.    Scoring, tabulation and statistical
analysis woro done by  selected University students who had boon well
trained in this work.    Analysis of the results is still in progress.
With the co-operation of Boeings and other industrial plants
and the staff of tho Vancouvor Technical School,  it is proposod to
conduct a follow-up survey,  approximately one year henco in order
that the predictive value of tho tests used nay be definitely
Hydroids. Eneritus Professor C.McLean Fraser.
A-grant fron tho Board of Governors was nado to cover the
cost of getting drawings done to illustrate Dr.  Fraser1s handbook on
"Hydroids fron tho Atlantic ooast of North America."
After much of Dr.  Frasor's tine and attention for a year
and  eight months had been given to the preparation of this handbook,
it was completed in Hay.    The rest of the time was taken up in
preparing four shorter papers for publication.    Three of these have
appeared in print and tho fourth is in proof.
The handbook is being published by the University of Toronto
Press.    The National Researoh Council is sponsoring tho publication
and is meeting the cost,   $2,500.00.     In 1937 the Council sponsored
tho publication of "Hydroids of tho Pacific Coast  of Canada and tho
United States," and this is a companion volume.
The necessity for tho preparation of such a handbook lies
in the  fact that most of tho numerous papers that have been published
in this field are long since out of print, not available for purchase,
and the  copies  that do exist aro scattered in many of tho libraries
on the  continent.    Unless one wished to spond a life timo on the
group,  tho difficulties of obtaining satisfactory literature cannot
be mot.    With this handbook, which has all tho information available
for this area,  anyone familiar with this group of animals can identify
almost any specimen he may obtain along the Atlantic coast.    If he
wishes to go to  original sources, he can find a reference to all of
Tho handbook is an attempt to desoribo and figure every
authentic hydroid spooies that has beon reported from the Atlantic
coast of North America  (426 of them), to give page referenda to ovory 48
paper that has recorded each species, and to give all the published
distribution records of each species. Keys have been prepared to use
throughout to speed up the identification of species.
When published, the general text of tho paper will cover
approximately 400 pages. The'94 full-page platos with the
explanation of these will add nearly another 200 pagos, so that
the whole volume will contain about 600 pages.
The greatest original contribution provided is tho
list of new distribution records. There are nearly 1200 of those,
almost one-third of the total number for the coast.
In the 94 plates there are 1033 separate figures. Miss
Marian McOrea made all of the new drawings required (except those
made natural size, which were made by Dr. Fraser himself), probably
about one-third of the whole number, and she made a creditable job
of it. As she is a graduate in Art, she did them with much
greater speed than any other illustrator Dr. Fraser has had, and
in consequence, the grant was far from being all used,
A statement would naturally be expected to the effect that
this book constitutes Dr, Fraser's final effort, but such is not
tho case. He is still (September?1943) regularly and faithfully
in his office and his scientific investigations are pursued, not
with less vigour but with more continuity as he is no longer
"troubled" with lectures and committee meetings, at all of which
he was always present and on time.
Dr. Gordon Davis (deceased).
In the sudden death of Dr. N. F, G, Davis on June 5th,
the University lost a man whose virtues and abilities were bocoming
known to a widening circle of students and colleagues. Always ready
with advice, always sympathetic and understanding, more and more
students came to call on him in order to discuss thoir problems.
His quiet humour, his experience and sound good sense, made him a
colloague who can ill be spared and can never be replaced.
During the year the Dean gavo many public  addresses,
particularly in the city.
In the fall term, however, upon tho invitation of tho
Executive of tho  Canadian Clubs of Canada,  ho spent two weeks on a
spooking tour through Alberta and Saskatchewan.    Tho original plan
was to include Winnipeg, Fort William, Port Arthur but timo would
not permit a more extended tour.
He  served on a confidential committee appointed by tho
National Research Council and gave two reports at meetings held in
Ottawa in December and in May.    While attending the Doconbor meeting 49
ho ropresontod the University at the Universities Conferonce and
was a nonbor of the committee which drew up the resolution finally
adopted by the Conference opposing the proposed curtailment  of tho
toaching of the humanities during the war.    While in tho East in
the  spring ho attended the Royal Society of Canada and also
represented the Univorsity at  tho ceremonies  in connection with
the dedication of tho buildings of the University of Montreal.
In his relationship with tho Provincial Department  of
Education,   the Dean has been a member of tho Matriculation Board for
over twenty-two years and of tho Accrediting Board since its
inception.      He is President  of tho Vancouver Canadian Club and
Chairman of the British Columbia Regional Committee of the Unemployment Insurance Commission appointed by the Federal Department of
In conclusion the Bean wishes to express his great
appreciation for the cordial co-operation of the Faculty and his
warm thanks particularly to those members who not only carry on
their own work with zeal and efficiency but are sufficiently
interested in the larger work of the University to give faithful
attendance at  connittoo and Faoulty neetings.
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Arts and Science. REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY
Registration in the Faculty showed a marked increase
over that of any previous session and notwithstanding inadequacies
in accommodation, staff, and equipment, academic standards were
well maintained,  instructors in all departments report commendable
diligence on the part of the students. Increasing numbers of
graduates are enlisting in the technical branches of the armed
services while the demand for trained engineers to fill positions
in the war industries remains firm. The Wartime Bureau of Technical
Personnel renewed its appeal for increased enrolment in courses
that have a definite bearing on the war effort. There was also
an increased demand on the time of the teaching staff for
professional services, and throughout the session or in the
summer vacation practically every member of the staff gave valuable
technical assistance to one or more wartime industries.
Many of the researches mentioned in previous reports
were continued and the installation of new equipment permitted
extensions and additions to the investigational programmes of most
departments. The research work in the Department of Mining and
Metallurgy was stimulated by the Department's association with
the British Columbia War Metals Research Board. The pilot mill
installed by the Board was used by members of the teaching staff
in collaboration with the staff of the Board in the treatment of
experimental lots of tungsten, nickel and antimony ores and in
the beneficiation of a low-grade tungsten concentrate on a
Commercial basis.  Other items of equipment installed by the
Board furnished facilities for the joint staffs to investigate a
wider range of metallurgical problems. The arrangement between
the Board and the Department provides opportunities for the
discovery of research metallurgical talent in the University
classes and enables these students to pursue research studies
after graduation.
An important addition to the Department's equipment
is the 7t X..W. Lapel high-frequency induction unit installed
towards the close of the session. This modern unit can produce
temperatures as high as 2000 degrees Centigrade and its automatic
features permit rapid localized heating of metal parts with
precise control.  It will be useful for instructional purposes
in demonstrating the application of high-frequency currents to
the heat-treating, welding, brazing and hardening of the component
parts of guns, aeroplanes, motor vehicles, ships and other
materials of construction. The metaliographic microscope ordered
in November, 1941, was delivered in June, 1943, and was installed
in the re-constructed dark room in the laboratory. It has already
provided valuable assistance in the observation of etched metal
specimens.' In collaboration with the B.C.War Metals Research
Board two hydrogen reduction furnaces were built for the purpose
of preparing powdered metals. As an aid in the fundamental
research On S-curves a constant temperature furnace was built 51
employing electronic control and a special timer.    The Department's
assistants and mechanic  constructed a Jominy end-quench testing
apparatus.    Other minor items include two small resistance furnaoes
with variable temperatures for heat-treating,  Orsat gas analysis
apparatus,  nichrome pots,  trays and other containers for heat-
treating operations,  calorimeter,  and several small resistance
furnaces specially designed  for the heating and volatilization of
metal salts.
During the year, fundamental investigations of the possible
treatment methods  for refractory arsenical ores and the determination
of the heat of formation of arsenopyrite wero carried out by members
of the Department and undergraduate students under the title of
"Arsenic Research".    Due to manufacturing conditions it was not
possible to obtain the necessary equipment to complete the research,
but the information obtained in the course of the studies made
was sufficient to work out  the preliminary features of an attractive
treatment for a refractory arsenical ore.    The investigation of the
determination of heat of formation of arsenopyrite is being continued.
A' large number  of metallographic investigations was made
in collaboration with the B.C.  War Metals Research Board and assistance
was given to many manufacturing companies working on war materials,
Mr.  J, M.  Cummings, M.A.Se, Mining Engineer in the Provincial Department of Mines,  and one of our own graduates,  took over
the work in Ore Dressing for tho  second term owing to the absence of
Professor George A.  Gillies on sick-leave.    His lectures and laboratory
demonstrations were eminently satisfactory and I wish to thank him
for his contribution,  also Dr.   J,  F, Walker,  Deputy Minister of
Mines, who made the arrangements for the transfer.
A D-slide valve steam engine and a Crossly Diesel engine
were installed in the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory during the
session,  the former presented by The Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada Limited, Trail, B.C.,  and the latter by the
Dominion Engineering Company Limited,  through Mr. A.  C,  R, Yuill,Special
Representative of this Company at Vancouver.    These gifts are highly
The equipment of the Electrical Engineering Laboratory was
also considerably increased by tho  addition of apparatus formerly
used in the Royal Canadian Air Force Radio Meohanics courses.    There
is an urgent need for additional space to accommodate the rapidly
expanding Electrical Communication  (Radio)   laboratory.    Instruction
in this important subject  is being emphasized at  the request of the
Armed Forces and the emphasis will be continued after the war.    A
laboratory specially designed for tho purpose would relieve the
congestion in the present laboratory.
An important forward step was made in the Department  of
Forestry by the acquisition of the new University Forest.  In March
1943 arrangements with the Provincial Government were completed
whereby the University v/as given a lease for a period of 21 years, 52
subjoct to further renewal,  of a largo area  of forest land for
forost demonstration and researoh purposes.    The tract,  comprising
10,106 acres,  is located between Hanoy and Pitt  Lake.     It can bo
reached in about an hour and  a half by car from the University.
From tho standpoint of accessibility,  compactness, variation of
topographic,  soil and forost conditions, together with variety
of  species and age classes,   it should provide excellent facilities
for field work in cruising, mensuration,  silviculture,   logging
engineering,  forest management and rosoarch.    Unfortunately it will
not be possible to develop tho property to any appreciable extent
until after tho war, but a small start has been made in gotting
acquainted with conditions in tho area.
No new research projects v/ere  initiated in this Department
during the year but measurement, thinning, pruning,   and planting
were continued by members of the staff.    Nursery stock is somewhat
below par due to the failure of the 1942 Douglas fir seed crop but
a sufficient number of two-year old and older trees is available
to  continue the reforestation programme during the next two years
after which period another crop of young trees may be expected.    A
two-acre plot has been planted v/ith cascara trees.
In the Department of Nursing and Health there was increased
onrolment, that  in the final year being almost double the average
annual enrolment   in previous years.    The  restoration of the course
in Teaohing and Supervision was made possible by tho appointment  of
Miss  Evelyn Mallory, B.Sc, as lecturer in tho Departmont.    Refresher
courses in Industrial Hygicno and in Hospital Administration woro
given in the spring under the  joint auspices of tho Department and
tho Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia.    Tho lecture
topics,  tho contacting of visiting lecturers and some of the actual
lecturing were the responsibility of the  staff of the Department
While the Registered Nurses'  Association undertook the publicity
connected with the courses and handled all matters concerning
registration.    It is believed that these two refresher coursos
were accepted by the individuals  and groups concerned  as a most
significant contribution by tho Department to post-graduate
teaching facilities in tho fields indicated.
Members of the Nursing staff continued  the important
supervision of field work and of hospital training with marked
success.    A course of lectures was given to  tho whole senior class
at the Vancouver General Hospital on "Community Health and Social
Needs".    Various individual lectures which had beon given by officials
of local organizations wore incroasod in number and grouped into a
one-unit oourso of seventeen loctures entitled "Public Health
The year was marked by tho retirement  of Miss Grace Fairley
from the position of Director of Nursing of the Vancouver General
Hospital School of Nursing.    Miss Fairley had long proved a staunch
friend of the Department of Nursing and Health at the University
and her retirement at  a time when she was no less capable than over
of making valuable contributions to   tho nursing profession represents
a serious loss. 53
On March 31st,Mr, A. Lighthall, B.Sc,Associate
Professor of Civil Engineering,  reached tho age of retirement.
Tho Board of Governors extended his term to May 31st in order
that the work under his direction should not be interrupted
in mid-term.    Mr,  Lighthall joined the  staff as field assistant
and assistant in 1920 and during his long term of service ho
gave unsparingly of his time and energy in providing superior
instruction to the succeeding generations of  students that
passed through his classes.    These students and his colleagues
join in wishing him many more yoars of health and happiness.
I am happy to report that the Board of Governors re-appointed
him Associate Professor for tho academic year 1943-44.
With deep rogrot I record tho passing of Mr.  E.  G.
Mathoson, B.A.Sc., formerly Associate Professor of Civil Engineering.
Mr, Mathoson was greatly boloved by his former students,  his
colleagues and the manbers of the Engineering profession.
It is a pleasure for me to  acknowledge my grateful
appreciation of the co-operation of the governing bodies, the teaching staff and the students throughout tho session.
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Applied Science. 54
The year just  passed has been largely ono of pressures
from various  sources.    There has been marked pressure on tho
time of the instructional staff because of inadequate classroom
and laboratory accommodation,   and also by reason of the over-
increasing demands which wero made upon tho Faculty for outside
assistance to all branches  of Agriculture.    This  incroasod domand
upon the teaching staff resultod in a corresponding pressure upon
the clerical staff, whilo military activities imposed a hoavy
additional load upon the students.
In ny judgment, the timo has  como whan comprehonsivo
and all-inclusive stops must bo taken to clarify,  in tho minds  of
tho Provincial and Dominion Governments,   some important facts
with regard to tho Faculty of Agrj.culture  in tho University.
Gonoral expansion of all facilities is essential.    The
needs of tho Faculty cannot be met by a single additional building.
All departments havo  outgrown tho spaces allotted to then.    Tho
number and size of the facilities nust  bo increased.    Assuming that
most of the undergraduates who have enlisted for active  service
will, at  some lator tine,  bo ro-registoring in tho Faculty,  it is
reasonable to expect that a minimum of two hundred students will
be enrolled in the noar future.    Tho buildings and  equipment of
tho Faculty wore designed for ono hundred  students.    All laboratories
in Dairying, Agronomy, Horticulturo, Plant Nutrition and Animal
Pathology aro very limited in size.    Thoro is no work roon in
Poultry Husbandry,  no Agricultural Pavilion for class work in
Animal Husbandry,   and no storage space in tho Dairy Barn.    These
are but examples of tho inadequacy of tho buildings and equipment
In the Faculty.    The idea of expansion nust  be kept constantly
oof ore us,   and action nust be taken vory shortly if a rapidly
developing situation is to be properly not.
A third clerical assistant has  been employed for the
greater part of the academic year, and ovon this addition has little
moro than made it possible to handle reasonably efficiently tho
rapidly increasing office demands.    As nearly as can be estimated,
seven thousand five hundred pieces of nail havo gone out  during tho
year.    This number does not include inter-departmental or inter-
faculty correspondence and records.
Department of Agricultural Economics.
A gift of $3,000.00 from the Safeway Stores Limited,   $200.00
from the Poultry Producers'  Association and a grant  of $200.00 by the
University, have made possible a study entitled "Poultry and Egg
Production Research".    This v/ork is proceeding satisfactorily with
about one hundred poultry farmers co-operating.
A grant  of $300.00 from the University Research Fund was
used to make "A Preliminary Study of Economic Evolution in the 55
Okanagan Valley." Somo progress has beon made on this study.
Department of Agronomy.
The following wore the main activities, other than
teaching, carried out by this department during the year:
At the time of the preparation of last year's Report,  the
expectation was expressed that alfalfa seed  (Rhizoma) might be
available from the multiplication blocks for distribution in
1943-44.    Unfortunately, weather conditions have beon such that
vory little,  if any,   seed is likely to be available this season.
Tho attempt to produce foundation stock seed in sufficient quantity
for gen oral distribution is being continued.
Soil Samples.
The usual number of soil samples havo been sent in for
examination.    These have been reported on as expeditiously as
possible, but some difficulty has  boon experienced in obtaining
tho necessary qualified student laboratory assistance.    There is
a vory definite need for a suitable soil laboratory where this
typo of work can be done promptly.
Potato Index Studies.
The Potato Index Studies wero continued during the year
with the White Rose variety,  tho object being to obtain disoaso-
froo seed which could be multiplied and later used as foundation
stock from which to produce seed,for export to the United States.
During the year these studies were financed by Mr,   W.   J.  LoSage
of the Clark Fruit  Company.
Co-operativo Projects with tho Provincial Departmont of
Seed Work.
In accordance with tho agreement with the Provincial
Departmont of Agriculture, the following amounts of  seed, were grown
and shipped  to the order of the Provincial Departmont:
Dawson's Golden Chaff Wheat "504"
Kharkov Wheat 1,144
Jones'  Fife Wheat 924
Red Bobs Wheat 826
Ridit Wheat 660
Victory Oats 3,500
Eagle  Gets 1,064
Alaska Oats 595
Storm Rye 608
Prolific Rye 752
Olli Barley 1,057
Redwing Flax 232
Fibre Flax 443
Yellow Intermediate Mangel 31
Bangholm Swede      • 16 Fibre Flax.
The work with fibre flax has been continued as a
foundation seed project.    By general agreement with the flax
growers and the Provincial and Dominion Departments of Agriculture,
the Departmeat  of Agronomy is undertaking to maintain and multiply
a pure stock of the leading fibre variety.
The Department of Animal Husbandry.
Meat  Quality.
The general  activities of the Department,  including
studies in meat  quality with beef,   lambs and swine,  have been
continued.    A part  of this work,   especially with beef cattle
and  sheep, was sponsored by the Swift Canadian Company Limited,
and the  Brackman-Ker Milling Company Limited.
Tuberculosis-free Herd.
For some years the University herd has been accredited
as a Tuberculosis-free herd under certificate No.  7495.     During
the year the herd was again tested by the Federal inspectors and
the certificate renewed,  testifying that all animals are free of
the disease.
Bang's Disease.
Under the policy of Bang's Disease control which was
begun on May 1st,  1940, we are maintaining an infected herd and
practising calfhood vaccination.       Immunizing the young stock is
practised in the hope of ultimately eliminating the disease,  as
the older cattle are gradually replaced by young stock within the
Since May 1st,  1940,  a total of fifty-three animals
have been vaccinated against the  disease.     Of these,  thirty-three
head were vaccinated as calves under eight months of age.    Up to
September  1st,  1943,   eight of these thirty-three head had calved.
Seven were normal calvings and one an abortion.    Three abortions
have  occurred within the herd during the year, two of which have
been from mature cows which were  known to be infected previous
to commencement of the vaccination policy.
At the date of the last blood test there were tiventy-
six head of fully negative animals.    Of these,  eighteen wero
vaccinated, two were non-vaccinated,  six were calves to bo
vaccinated later,  and thirty-two head were designated as infected
animals of which seven were vaccinated as calves and have failed
to become fully negative.     Of this last-mentioned group,  four are
designated as suspicious and three as positive.    No animals have
been disposed of beoause of Bang's disease.    The  entire herd is
handled as one unit,  which makes a very definite test of tho
preventative value of the vaccination programme.
Pullorum Disease Work
During the year,   296,000 blood tests  of poultry have been
made on 283,000 birds.    Post-mortems and laboratory diagnostic 57
tests have been made on approximately sixty birds to establish the
efficiency of the blood tests.    Five flocks were found,  during the
year,  to give false pullorum positive tests.    Considerable investigational work was done  at the  laboratory on birds obtained from
these flocks.    This  study provided tho material for an undergraduate
essay in the Department.    Further work on the problem will be
continued this coming year.
Fowl Vaccination Work.
During the year the Animal Pathologist was asked  by the
Provincial Department   of Agriculture to take charge of a policy of
vaccinating poultry to  control and prevent Fowl Pox and Fowl
laryngotracheitis.    This policy was established temporarily as a
means of determining the extent of the two diseases in the poultry
flocks of British Columbia,  and to demonstrate the possible
advantages or disadvantages of using live virus vaccines   in their
control and prevention.
During September to December,   1942,  approximately 4,000
birds were vaccinated for Fowl Pox and 3,600 for
Investigation and diagnosis trials  conducted by the
indicated the two  diseases to be quite widespread and
common in tho Fraser Valley and Lowor Mainland.    Both
have beon found to bo general in poultry flocks throughout the area.
Laryngotracheitis,   in most instances, has  been of a low grade
infection and in nearly all cases accompanied by roup,  bronchitis
and head colds as secondary invaders.    Whether or not vaccination
to prevent the primary disease will also eliminate the other conditions is not known but will be kept under study during the fall
and winter.
Changes in Farm Area and Loss  of Land.
The lack of more producing aores is a serious handicap
to the work of the  Department.     It is hoped that  the part of the
farm area taken over temporarily by the Department of Agronomy
will  soon be returned and included in the farm unit  or additional
land cleared to take  its place.    Pasture and hay producing areas
are particularly needed.    The temporary cancellation of the land
clearing policy,  and the increasing needs of the Department of
Agronomy for experimental crop production, have  caused a long
stable  feed policy to be carried out,   especially in the dairy barn.
This is a more expensive method of production then is ordinarily
Dairy Cattlo Classification Work.
Both the Canadian Jersey Cattle Club and the Canadian
Ayrshire Association have  instituted policies of herd classification
and Professor H, M. King has been appointed as the official
classifier for each of these Associations for Western Canada,    To
date,  thirteen herds have been classified throughout tho Provinoo
of British Columbia and arrangements are being made for others.    Tho
Ayrshire classification work is newer and the only herd so far
classified in this Province is  the one owned by The University of 58
British Columbia.  Obviously this classification could not be
made by a representative of the University and so arrangements
wero made with the Canadian Ayrshire Association that Mr. William
Hunter of Ottawa would be appointed to sorvo as classifier for
the University herd. This work was cooplotod on August 9th with
vory satisfactory results. Six of tho animals in tho herd were
classified as excellent, fourteen vory good, eight good plus
and two good; nono woro classified fair or poor. This gave tho
herd an average typo rating of 8(>(, 5% which is excelled at tho
present time by only one herd in Canada,
The Department of Dairying.
The general work of this Department has been carried on
as usual. The Medosweet Dairy Products Limited ceased operations
in the University Dairy on September 15th, 1942, thus enabling
the Department of Dairying to conduct certain laboratory work
under its direct control. The cessation of operations by the
Medosweet Dairy Limited automatically cancelled tho lease between
the University and the company.
Laboratory Accommodation.
The adequate provision of laboratory accommodation
continues to be the major problem of this Department. Additional
space is the only solution to the problem.
Many of the difficulties undor which the Department
labored in the giving of Instruction in tho practical courses in
Dairying have disappeared with the taking ovor of direct control
of the work offered in tho Dairy. However, the educational
facilities of the Department for the training of students in the
technological side of tho dairy industry are limited through lack
of adequate plant and equipment, and it is hoped that arrangements
may be made so that the educational needs of tho industry are more
satisfactorily met.
Work has been intensively pursued on problems concerned
with cheese-making in the North Okanagan Valley.    The Department
continues to enjoy the whole-hearted co-operation of the industry
and has been able to rendor considerable assistance,  resulting
in an improvement in tho quality of the cheese produced in the
The Armstrong Cheese Co-operative Association during the
year 1942 produced a higher percentage of high-scoring, first
quality cheese than any other  factory in Canada.    Along with other
agencies the Department has played its part  in making this
achievement possible.    During the sumaer of 1945, under a grant
from the Research Fund of the University, work was carried on
at the factory in Armstrong.
Work on Surface Taint in butter has been continued v/ith
results of benefit to the industry. 59
In all this work the Department has  continued to enjoy
the  active co-operation of the Provincial and Dominion Departments
of Agriculture.
Studies on the Microbiological Methods for the determination
of members of the Vitamin B complex have been initiated.    During the
past  year tho Department has carried out  determinations on tho
vitamin contents of foods for tho  Committee on Food Analysis of the
Canadian Council on Nutrition.    Tho  Department was one of soven
laboratories in Canada solected for this study of methods  for the
determination of the B-vitamins.    The results of this work have
boon published in tho Report of the  Committoo on Food Analysis,
March 29th,   1945.
Greater Vancouver Water District Board.
Pending the completion and equipping of thoir own
laboratories,  tho Greater Vancouver Water District Board continued
to use the facilities of tho Department for urgont work ooncorned
with tho Vancouver water supply during tho period September 1st
to December 31st,  1942,    The arrangements under which this work
v/as continued wero similar to  thoso reported upon in last year's
Annual Report.    All materials placed at tho disposal of tho Board
have since been replaced.
Dr.  E,  A.   Cleveland,   Chief Commissioner of tho Board,
has expressed to the Departmont his appreciation and thanks for the
courtesies oxtondod,
Tho Department  of Horticulture.
It is with regret that I havo to  report that Mr.  Frank
Garnish, Loss00 of tho Horticultural Grounds and Green Houso, has
been in very poor health throughout  the year.    This illness,  couplod
with the general shortage of labour, has made it  impossible at
times to do all the work which urgontly required attention in this
Department.    Tho  situation has given both Mr. Garnish and Dr. A, F.
Barss "vory real concern.
Vegetable Seed Trials.
For tho seventh consecutive year, the Department of
Horticulture has conducted a series  of vegetable  seed trials.    This
WDrk was commoncod in 1937 as a co-operative project between the
Plant Products  Division, Production Service of the Dominion Department  of Agriculture,  and the University  of British Columbia.
Mr. F. E, Buck was again placed in charge of tho field
work,  using student  labour entirely.    A comprohensivo report  is to
be forwarded to Ottawa later on,  rs is do no every year.
In this year's trials there wero some 250 samplos of
seeds on test.     In addition to general suporvision as providod by
Dr.  Barss,  tho Dopartmont  supplied tho nocossary land  (2 acres),  tho
labour for fitting tho aroa and all materials used,   including 60
animal manure  (50 yards),  commercial fortilizer (1000 lbs.),
spray matorials,   stakes and labels.    The labour costs wore
cared for by a special grant from tho Dominion Department of
Agriculture  (.^600.00),  supplemented by contributions of $300.00
from other sources as follows:
British Columbia Seed Growers' Association '£125,00
Provincial Department of Agriculture 125.00
Wm.  Ronnie Seeds Limited  (Vancouver) 25.00
Tho Brackman-Ker Milling Co.   (Now Westminster) 25.00
This vegetable seed testing work is proving of
distinct valuo and should be even more important with tho
greatly increased call for Canadian grown soods, duo to tho
war having created an extremely heavy demand, at homo and abroad,
for vegotablo seeds grown in Canada.
Foundation Seed Work.
During the  1940 season a start had been made to reestablish the elite seed work with vegetables which had  been under
way for several years, but which had of necessity been discontinued
for a time.    Financial assistance provided by the Agricultural
Marketing Bureau, Vancouver, made it possible to start  selections
for foundation stock on five different vegetables, namely,   cabbage,
parsley,  chard,  dill,  and broad beans.
Although separate fvoids to support  this work v/ere not
available during the season just  closing,   the selection work
already started was continued in a modified v/ay, using student
labour for the actual work  involved.
Raspberry Research.
A special report has been prepared on this project. Two
paragraphs,   the first from this report and the  second from the
Report on Plant Nutrition,  read as follows:
"Ammonium phosphate plus muriate of potash is the best
fertilizer treatment for raspberries on light sandy loam soils. The
phosphate in the form of ammonium phosphate seems to be taken in
more readily by the plant than does the phosphate  from superphosphate."
"Tho best methods of fertilizing raspberries have been
established.    Total yield of fruit is the best  index of health and
vigour of the canes.    The  sugar index is a good  indication of food
value of the raspberry as is also the vitamin C index.    The  sugar
content and vitamin C content aro usually closely correlated.    The
food value of the raspberry can be varied by changing the fortilizer
The Safeway Vegetable Food Research Project.
A full report  on this project is on file.    The following
paragraphs from the report are of interest: 61
"Soil type,  locality and fertilizer treatments all have
a definite effect on food values of vegetables  in coastal British
Columbia.    Their effect on the keeping quality of the produot is
also pronounced.
"The consistently high food value of vegetables  as a
result  of a liberal application of potash in the fertilizer,  regardless
of soil type and locality,  is of interest and gives  this element a
unique position if we are seeking the highest food values and keeping
qualities in our produce.
"Nitrogen, while it must be maintained at  a certain level
in the soil,  causes undesirable effects  such as poor keeping quality
and low vitamin C value if it  is increased above this level.    This
optimum level varies for each soil type.
"The past season's investigations in regard to  the use
of the micro-elements - boron,  copper, manganese and zinc as
fertilizing materials - have revealed that they  can play an important
role in vegetable growing in coastal British Columbia.    While in some
cases the result  of their application may not be obvious enough to
cause a big increase in yield,  or their deficiencies in the soil
may not  be pronounced enough to produce a visible malnutritional
symptom,  nevertheless, the benefits derived from their application
may be none the less real.    These benefits can be reflected in
increased storage quality,  sugar content, vitamin content or in a
mineral increase of the product.     Soil types differ in their
response to these micro-elements as do different  crops."
The Department  of Poultry Husbandry.
The work of this Department has  been carried on as  usual.
A general improvement  is noticeable in the quality of the birds and
the general  care  and tidiness of the Poultry Plant.    This is due
to the  fact that the Poultry Plant  is directly under the management
of Professor E. A.  Lloyd and because Mr,   C Pearce,  the foreman,
has done exceptionally fine work.
Record of Performance Testing.
The stock that was taken over in the fall of 1941 from
the lessees, as  stated in last year's report, was limited  in number
and more  or less untested.     It was hoped that by careful selection
in breeding,  a reduction in the incidence of disease might be
expected immediately.    Apparently,  however,  the deterioration in
resistance to disease had become more serious than had  been foreseen,
as factors responsible for lack of resistance in the  stock appear to
have been accumulating.    V/ith the exception of the Rhode Island
Reds, where the mortality is around twenty per cent,  which is
fairly close to normal, mortality has risen to as high as forty
per cent,   in the  first year of production in the White Leghorns and
Barred Plymouth Rocks.    Thus,  mortality has  again taken a similar
toll to that of 1930-31 when paralysis first appeared in the
University flock.     For a period of  twelve years prior to that time,
the  flock had been remarkably free from disease.    Since then, 62
however, the mortality has tended to be relatively high,  ranging
from fifteen to thirty per cent,  in the different  breeds arid
becoming more  severe in the later years of the lease of the poultry
farm.    The higher mortality in the University flock is similar
to that found in many,  but not all,   breeders'   flocks in the
Province.    This condition is sufficiently serious  in many flocks
to give real concern to poultrymen and to  challenge investigation.
The mortality in the University flock is due to similar causes and
conditions to that obtaining in many private commercial flocks
in the Province,  as the  specimens coming in to the University
laboratory for post-mortem examinations indicate.
The necessity of keeping, on the University farm, units
of all of the important commercial breeds complicates the problem
of management.
The increase in the incidence of   such diseases as the
"paralysis complex,*1 ovarian and kidney breakdown,  and the differences
found in the resistance and susceptibility to these diseases in
different breeds and families,  suggest urgent need of conducting more
extensive progeny tests to determine differences and to propagate
the more resistant lines.    This involves the pedigreeing,  rearing
and trapping of more birds in order to have sufficient numbers of
individuals and families to provide adequate data for interpretation.
Accordingly,  a large increase, to include the pedigree hatching of
some 2,300 individual wing-banded chicks, was attained in this
spring's hatching.    From these hatches some large  and representative
families of pullets should be available for trap-nesting this
Environmental conditions were more  satisfactory this
year as the  result of better weather and the re-arrangement  of
brooder houses on fresh,  green range.    More  frequent moving of young
stock has been adopted as a safeguard against disease.  Unfortunately
these operations have been somewhat curtailed byrthe difficulty of
getting material for new range  shelters and hurdles.
A new Breed.
For many years,   and until very recently in this Province,
White Leghorns, Barred Plymouth Rocks and Rhode Island Reds havo
led all other breeds in commercial importance.    Tho development of
New Hampshires as a commercial breed and their distribution over
the North American Continent has been one of tho most remarkable
movements in modern poultry culture.    From a position of comparative
obscurity a few years ago,  they have increased in popularity so
quickly in the past three years that they have already supplanted
the other breeds on many farms, and are in greater demand than any
of the other breeds at  the present time.    The New Hampshiros-aro
a general purpose breed,  of moderate size,  light red or buff in
colour.    They appear to have been bred and selected on the bases
of early feathering, rapid maturity,  early sexual maturity, brown
eggs, large egg size,  good winter egg production,  exceptional
vigor,  resistance to disease and high hatchability.     Offsetting
these good characteristics, most strains are inclined to be
broody,  and average production is somewhat lower than that  of 63
pedigreed bred-to-lay strains of Barred Plymouth Rocks  and Rhode
Island Reds.    However,  their good  qualities are so  evident as
to challenge attention, and their apparent vigor alone justifies
their adoption by many.    In order to demonstrate the breed to
students,  a unit  has been introduced and  is being compared in rate
of growth,  meat quality and egg production with units of Barred
Plymouth Rocks, and what  are perhaps their greatest rivals, the
Rhode Island Reds,  from which they have  sprung.
Dual Purpose Poultry.
The process of weighing,   grading and classifying of
feather growth in all Barred Plymouth Rock and Rhode Island Red
chicks at  eight,  ten,  twelve,  sixteen and twenty weeks of age has
been continued  this year.    The percentages of pullets measuring up
to the A Meat standard run considerably higher than those of the
cockerels in each of the two breeds.    The  increase in the percentage
of cockerels of the higher meat grades suggests a continuation of the
plan for improvement  insofar as  is consistent with maintenance of
egg production,  vigor and body size of bird.    No positive correlations
have yet  been established between egg production and these other
factors, but there may be a tendency in this type of selection to
breed to a smaller, more compact  type that might be considered,
too fine.     Some references have already been made by the Government
Inspectors to the effect that the U.B.C  Barred Plymouth Rocks are
becoming too fine in the bone.     Some difficulty has   already been
encountered in too early maturity and lack of size in eggs.      This
problem is being carefully studied,
Auto-sexing Cambars.
The improvement of the auto-sexing breed,  the Gold Cambars,
has proceeded along two main lines,- first, the introduction of
fresh blood from the Barred Plymouth Rocks to improve neat and
egg production, and,  second,  selection in the breed to  secure earlier
maturity and large egg size.    High meat  quality as indicated by
low-set bodies,  plump-   breast, white meat,  early feathering and
maturity,  shows up in the early broiler,  fryer and light roasting
chickens  of this breed.     Egg production has  been bred up until it
is now only slightly lower than that of the Leghorns,  Barred Plymouth
Rocks and Rhode Island Reds.
Poultry Nutrition.
(a) Some progress, has  been made in a study entitled "The
Nutritive Value of Canned and Offal Salmon".
(b) Investigations into the use of Copra Meal as a poultry
feed have been continued.
(c) Because of the importance of dried eggs(egg powder),  a
study entitled "The Riboflavin Content of Fresh and Dried Hens'
Eggs" has been undertaken.    This  is being done by Mr.  Jacob Biely
with student help. 64
(d) Excellent progress has been made by Mr. Biely on two
University Researches entitled "Vitamin B Complex" and "Fish Oil
Research."  These are reported on briefly in the annual statement
prepared by the Head of the Department of Poultry Husbandry.
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Agriculture. 65
The  opening of each wartime session has  shown University
life increasingly affected by war conditions.    A narked sign of
this in the 1942-43 session was the introduction for tho first timo
of a compulsory war work plan for women students.    The plan was
introduced at tho request of tho Women's Undergraduate Society
which wished a programme drawn up somewhat paralleling the
compulsory military duty  required of the men.    Shortage of accommodation and othor reasons limited tho programme  offerod to two
hours a week for each undergraduate woman studont.    Within thoso
limits,  excellent work was done.     Each woman studont spent ono
hour in Keep-Fit classes organized by the Instructor in Physical
Education for Women.    The  second hour was spent either in training
for possible war emergency or doing Red Cross Work.    Through the
generous co-operation of members of the Faculty,  courses wore
offered in First Aid,  Homo Nursing, Motor Mechanics, Map Reading
and Day Nursery.     In previous yoars, tho students had contributed
Rod Cross Sowing and Knitting to the Faculty Women's Unit.    Realizing
the increased contribution which would result fron the compulsory
plan,  this year the students set  aside a second room in the Brock
Memorial Building for Red Cross Work and established themselves
as a separate branch of the Red Cross Society undor the name  of
the "University Unit."    Under the  joint  leadership of. Dr.  Joyce
Hallamoro and Mrs.  F. H.   Soward, the girls produced v/ork of such
high quality that it earned the  special commendation of the  Central
Committee of the  Rod Cross Society.    The students deeply regret
that the doparturo of Mrs.  Soward for Ottawa will deprive then
next year of her unflagging energy and skill in organization.
Administering tho Compulsory War Work Plan placed a
heavy additional load on the Dean of Women's Office.     Fortunately
one previous obligation was removed; wartime restrictions made it
impossible for the office to assume responsibility for securing
vacation employment  for the students since this was taken over
by the Government Employment Bureau.    The office,  however,  continued to  care for some part-time employment,  especially the
flourishing industry of "baby tending" which had sprung up as a
result  of the maid shortage.
Entertainment  during the year was necessarily restricted
by wartime conditions.    For the first time,  it was impossible this
year to entertain the graduating class of women in convocation
week.    During the year,  the Dean of Women's room in the Brock
Memorial Building was again used to  entertain small groups of
out of town students.     Serving light refreshments at noon made it
possible to entertain the girls without infringing too much on
rationed goods or incurring the criticism of serving refreshments
at the tea hour.    The  students very much appreciated meeting the
women members of Faculty who were invited  at these times.    Many
of the problems relating to the new plan for Compulsory War Work
were also  solved in this room, which has proved invaluable for the
holding of informal meetings. 66
The Dean of Women's Office continued  its interest  in
the Girl's Co-operative House.    The girls in tho house again
profited greatly from the community life and continued to maintain
a high standard  of scholarship.    This year,  they once more held
open house for the Faculty Women's Association which had again
expressed its interest in them, this timo by a shower and a
gift  of money to tho Dean of Women's Office which was spent,  at
tho girls'  request,  in dishes.
Phrateres,   under able leadership,  continued to  do
good work in looking after lonely students on the campus.    The
Sororities also co-operated very willingly all year in assisting
with student problems which wore  referred to them by this offico.
I was pleased, moreover,  to accept an invitation extended by the
University of Washington to take part in a Panhellenie conference
at Victoria in the spring.
A special problem this year related to the evacuated
Japanese students.     Several of these continued to keep in touch
with the office which did everything possible to  facilitate tho
transfer of those who wished to  study at other Universities. This
year,  too, marked  the last and graduating year of the blind woman
student whose special problems had necessarily taken much office
time during the past four years.    It is a pleasure to report that
she graduated with second class standing.
The usual problems of student counselling,   somewhat
complicated by the new conditions resulting from the war,  occupied
most of the office time.    Moreover housing inspection has required
more time of late,  since the housing shortage has sent us further
afield in the search for student  accommodation.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean of Women, 67
The twenty-fourth Summer Session of the University
opened on June 28th and closed on August 13th, 1943.
The following table analyzes the enrolment end compares
it with that of the preceding three years,
1943 1942       1941
Partial 5 3 4
First Year 37 35 40
Second Year 96 95 173
Third Year 6l 46 62
Fourth Year 77 65 59
Graduates 53 76 118
Auditors __2 2         4
336 322       460
In addition,  the usual courses in Social Work
enrolled seventeen students.    Hence,  the regular decrease in
enrolment which has hampered the activities of the Summer
Session since 1939 has been halted.
Decreasing enrolments have,  of course,  forced a
curtailment  in offering,  as is shown by the following summary.
Full courses
( 3 units)
Half courses
(1 1/2 or 1 1/4 units)
Reading courses
The result of a reduction in offering and no reduction
in enrolment was a very satisfying distribution in registration
among the oourses offered.     It was not necessary to cancel any
courses because of very small enrolments.
The following tabulation shows tho number and percentage
of teachers in the Summer  Session of 1945:
51    53
24     40
28    35
155    "~4b 68
This high proportion of mature and serious  students adds
pleasure and satisfaction to lecturing in the Summer Session and
results in a high degree of success in the examinations.     Of the
310 students who wrote examinations,  no less than 278,  or 90%,
passed in all subjects written.
In an effort to economize, the University, when initial
plans were laid,  invited only two members of tho staffs of other
universities to lecture at our Summer Session.    Emergencies lator
increased this number to four,  one from oach of tho Universities
of Washington,  Oregon, Alberta and Saskatchewan.
During tho Session, the Department  of University
Extension arranged for a series of eight lectures on Music
Appreciation by Dr,  Ida Halpern.    In consideration of a grant
from the Summer Session budget and one from the Summer Session
Students' Association,   students were admitted free,    It was also
possible to make a contribution to the expense of a very enjoyable
piano recital by Mr, Arthur Benjamin.
Respectfully submitted,
Director,    Summer Session. 69
The chief development in the work of the Department of
University Extension during the past year has occurred in the field
of public information services and in programmes related to the
war effort. There has been some decrease in public interest in
certain of the more cultural courses and services offered, due no
doubt to a general lack of leisure time.  On the whole, however,
there is evident throughout the Province a growing awareness of
the need for adult educational programmes and an increased interest
in the courses and material offered by the Department.
Study Group Programme.
Among all organizations interested in adult education,
there is an increasing recognition of tho value of the study group
method, not only in the co-operative pooling of ideas, but also in
providing opportunities for the development of independent thinking
and for practice in concise oxpression of opinions.
With the completion this year of three new study group
courses, entitled "Community Clinic—An Introduction to Sociology,"
"Music Appreciation" and "Art Appreciation," tho Department now
has available fourteen specially prepared study outlines. During
the year, 185 groups in British Columbia registered for study courses,
and many of the outlines have also been sent on request to organizations and individuals in other provinces. For example, the course
in "Acting for Juniors" is now being used by the Department of
Extension of the University of Saskatchowan and in the schools of
that province, and is to be used by the Department of Adult Education
at the University of Manitoba.
Evening Classes and Extension Leotures.
Again during the 1942-45 session, the response to the
evening classes offered by the Department provides evidence of the
desire on the part of the general public for educational courses —
for practical assistance, relaxation, or intellectual stimulation.
The following list gives the courses offered and the attendance:
Current History:   Vancouver Class. ,,. 106
North Vancouver Class  45
Music Appre ciation  60
Elementary Economics  24
Business English  . 35
General Botany  27
Gardening in Wartime  74
The Evolution of Welfare Services in Canada  105
Heat Treatment and Machining of Metals  115
Heat Treatment and Foundry Practice  52
Poultry Husbandry (New Westminster)  25 70
The Department continued its policy of arranging lectures
by members of faculty for organizations and groups in Vancouver and
other centres throughout the Province. During the period under
review 316 lectures wore given, with a total attendance of more
than 28,000.
Library and Pamphlet Service.
The facilities of tho Extension Library are widely used
by registered borrowers in all parts of the Province, as well as by
groups and individuals who are taking evening classes or study
courses.    A good selection of new books, particularly in the field
of current affairs,  has been added to the collection.
In order to make available,  in some measure at least,
the excellent material now being published in pamphlet form, the
Department is building up a collection of pamphlets on a wide
variety of subjects.    Many of these are used in conjunction with
evening classes or study group outlines;   others are loaned or sold
on request.
Drama and Radio.
During tho past year, young peoplo's groups continued
to be the most active in amateur theatre activities,  and. the Department has assisted them through its Play Lending Library, by personal
interviews and through correspondence.    Groups of war workers and
other organizations in Vancouver also received assistance with
their dramatic programmes.
This has boen another satisfactory year for the Play
Lending Library, which now includes 3840 plays and books on the
theatre and radio.    Total circulation was 4530,  and 118 groups
availed themselves of borrowing privileges.     One increasingly
popular feature has  been the group play-reading service.    Several
copies  each of certain plays are available for group reading so
that groups unable to produce plays may plan programmes of
dramatic readings.
In the spring of 1945 Miss Dorothy Somerset,  instructor
in dramatics,  acted as adjudicator at the annual Vancouver Speech
Arts Festival and the Kelowna Musical and Speech Festival,  and also
gave radio talks and lectures in Vancouver and centres in the
interior of the Province.
In November of 1942 Miss Somerset attended the annual
meeting of the National Theatre Conference in New York,  as the
guest of the Conference.    Representatives of drama departments of
the major American universities and. directors of outstanding
American non-commercial theatres met there to discuss matters of
mutual interest.    In August,  1945,  the first Western Canada Theatre
Conference was held at the Banff School of Fine Arts.    Representatives from the four western provinces attended and a Conference
organization similar to its American counterpart was set up.    Miss
Somerset was appointed to the Executive Committee. 71
Musi c,
In its second yoar, the Phonograph Record Loan  Service
has proved itself to be practicable and worthwhile in providing a
wide variety of records for those who enjoy good music.    The
library,  set up in co-operation with the University Committee in
charge  of the  Carnegie Music Set, has  been enlarged to include
choral as well as orchestral records.    Thirty-seven civilian and
armed services groups have availed themselves of the opportunity
thus provided.    The  circulation for the year was 1408 records.
A course in Music Appreciation,  given by Dr, Ida Halpern,
was included among the Evening Classes for the 1942-43 season.
During the past summer the Department,  in co-operation with the
Director of the Summer Session and with the Summer Session Students'
Association,  offered a noon-hour course in Music Appreciation.
Visual Instruction Services.
There has been a striking increase in the demand for
visual instruction material,  especially from the armed services and
from organizations engaged in war work and civilian defence,    in
many cases,  programmes of films are  selected by the Department and
sent at regular intervals to various Navy, Army and Air Force
stations.    The many expressions of appreciation received testify
to the value of these educational film programmes for service men.
Through purchases and donations the film library is
steadily increasing in the number and variety of subjects.    By
serving as a'depository for films from the National Film Society
and co-operating with the National Film Board in the circulation
of war information subjects,  the Department has-been able to
make available an excellent collection of up-to-date documentary
During the past year,  825 organizations and individuals used
films and film slides,  representing about 425 towns and communities
throughout the Province.     Equipment was also supplied to several
schools, organizations and individuals.
Film Circuits:    In addition to the circuits which v/ere operated
in the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island areas,  and in the
Okanagan Valley during the 1941-42 season, three more  rural circuits
were organized this year,  in the West Kootenays,   the  East Kootenays
and in the Prince Rupert-Prince George area.    These oirouits have
been operated under difficulties caused by winter weather conditions
and uncertain transportation.    However, the fact that people in
northern British  Columbia are willing to travel from 10 to 25
miles in sub-zero weather to see the programmes  is evidence that
the films are answering a very real need.    About 100 points were
covered monthly by the five circuits, while the total average
monthly attendance was about  18,000.
The films  shown on the cirouit programmes are of an
educational and topical nature,  many dealing with some phase of 72
Canada's war effort.    A new feature this year has  been the
"discussion trailer," which illustrates how the films may be used
as a basis for discussion.
In addition to  the five rural circuits, three  smaller
auxiliary circuits are operated in outlying parts of the Province.
National Farm Radio Forum.
From November to the end of March, the  Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation,  in co-operation with the  Canadian Association for Adult
Education and the  Canadian Federation of Agriculture,  again presented
the weekly series of broadcasts known as the "National Farm Radio
Forum."    Supplementary literature,  including the weekly newspaper,
"Farm Forum Facts," was distributed by the Department of University
Extension to groups and individuals on request.     Due partly to the
scattered nature of many of British Columbia's rural communities,
the number of organized listening groups was comparatively small,
but those who did meet for the broadcasts were very keenly interested
and sent in regular reports on their discussions.
Eduoational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen.
The educational programme conducted by the Department
under a grant from the Dominion Department of Fisheries has now
completed its fourth year of operation.    For many communities on the
Pacific  Coast,  the past season marks significant advances in cooperative achievement.    It is felt that the programme has made a
valuable contribution in helping to provide the  sound training in
co-operative principles and practice so essential for the successful
development  of this type of enterprise.
During the year,  assistance was given to 35 fishing
communities, apart from those in the Vancouver and New Westminster
areas.    A new feature introduced this winter was the two to three-
day regional conference, with a programme of lectures,   films and
discussions.    Two of these were held, one at Sointula, tho other
at Prince Rupert.    Both were very well attended by the fishermen
in those areas and were regarded as highly successful.    As in
previous years,  study material,  pamphlets and films were used to
good advantage wherever possible.
Course in Personnel Administration.
As a result  of the  success of the   course in Personnel
Administration organized by the Department of University Extension
during the summer of  1942,  the Federal Department of Labour requested
that a seoond course be offered during 1943-44.    Plans for this
course include monthly sessions of two to three days'  duration, with
speakers drawn from Eastern Canada and the Western United  States,
as well as from local firms.    The course is open to personnel
workers,   executives and others engaged in war industry.    It is
recognized that through participation in projects of this kind, the
University can make a direot contribution to the harmony in Industrial
relations that is essential for the attainment of maximum production. 73
Radio Technicians and Pre-Aircrew Training.
Again this year,  in co-operation with the Department of
Physics,  the Department of University Extension conducted classes
in Radio Mechanics for enlisted personnel cf the R.CA.F.    One
seventeen weeks'  course was given in the period from October,   1942,
to February,  1943.    In February, at the request  of the Department
of National Defense for Air, the Extension Department  commenced
two to five weeks'  courses in Pre-Aircrew Training for the R.C.A.F.
To the end of August,  1943,  15 courses have been held, with a total
attendance of 440 men.
Public  Relations:     Co-operation v/ith other Organizations«,
The Department has continued its policy of aiding other
organizations with their educational work, both in supplying study
material and other assistance,  and in arranging lecture programmes.
Special instruction in the organization of club dramatic activities
was given by Miss  Dorothy Somerset at  the Y.W.C.A.Regional Conference
for Business and Industrial Girls'  Clubs.    Assistance was also given
at  the Annual Summer Conference of the Public Affairs Institute.
Mr.   R. T. McKenzie was in constant demand as a lecturer on topics
dealing with current affairs.    Special courses were arranged at the
request of the Canadian Credit Men's Institute, the American Society
for Metals, the North Vancouver Horticultural Society,   and the Department of Economics, Political Science and Sociology in the University.
Series of public lectures were arranged for the Alexandra Neighbourhood House, the Victoria Extension Association,   and the B.C.
Optometric Association.     Co-operation and assistance has been given
by the Department to several government,  agencies, including the
Dominion Department  of Labour, the National Film Board,  the Wartime
Prices and Trade Board, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
The  Canadian Legion War Services and other war service organizations
have also received assistance at various times.
In addition,  the Director has been actively associated
with the following adult  education organizations:     Canadian Association
for Adult Education;  Canadian Youth Commission; The National Film
Board of Canada; The Vancouver Institute: Adult Education Committee
of the Vancouver Y.M,CA. ; Provincial Nutrition Committee; National
Farm Radio Forum;  Regional Committee,   Canadian Legion Educational
Services; National Committee on University Courses,  Canadian Legion
Educational Services.
The Department has been particularly unfortunate  in losing
within the past year,  four of its regular staff members:  the Assistant
to the Direotor obtained  leave of absence in May to go on active
service with the Army; the field worker in charge of the co-operative
educational programme left in June to take a position with the Cooperative Union of Canada in Saskatchewan;   the Assistant in charge
of the Visual Instruction Division accepted a position in April as
organizer and supervisor of industrial circuits in British Columbia
for the National Film Board; and one of the senior stenographers
moved to eastern Canada in June.    This situation has made it necessary
for the remaining members of the staff to assume increased 74
responsibilities,  both in taking over new duties and in
assisting and training new employees.
Acknowledgment s.
The Direotor wishes to take this opportunity of
recording his appreciation of the assistance and co-operation
received from the President  and the members of tho governing
bodies of the University,  and from his colleagues  on tho
Faculty.    He expresses his thanks to the staff of the Department
for their loyal and faithful service.
Respectfully submitted,
Director of University Extension. 75
The University Health Service is pleased to report a
satisfactory year. New problems and extra duties have imposed
undue strain at times on our resources but it is felt that the
main functions of the Service have been successfully maintained.
The health of the students on the whole has been fairly
satisfactory.    An increase is noted in the number of communicable
diseases reported.    During the session 2,002 new conditions were
diagnosed as compared to 1,178 for the preceding year.    The
increase was largely attributed to an incroaso in respiratory
diseases of which influenza was most prominent.    Altogether,   420
casos of influenza were noted as against 6l for tho preceding
yoar.    Fortunately, tho type of influenza oncountorod was not
particularly serious as five cases only of pneumonia were
reported.    Early in October,1942 one case of Poliomyelitis
The control of Tuberculosis remains ono of our chief
functions.    Tho annual tuberculin survey was augmented and
included  904 individuals.     Of those,  19.7% wore positive.   Chest
X-rays woro performed on 444 persons.    Altogether, nine new casos
of Tuberculosis wero discovered and three students had to leave
University during tho yoar for hospital treatment and one other
at tho end of the yoar.
Tho number of medical examinations reached a new high.
Altogether,  1,459 examinations wore performed.    Included in this
number wore  20 members of the  cafeteria staff and 341 womon
students other than those in the first year.    Our office agreed
to examine all v/omen students as part of tho Compulsory Physical
Education Programme recently introduced.    The medical examiners
of the Canadian Officers' Training Corps were responsible for the
examination of new male students numbering 749.    By agreement,
the reports of these examinations woro made available to our
office.    Examination quarters provided through the generosity
of the Students1  Council in the Brock Memorial Building were shared
and our service completed certain laboratory tests required by the
military.    During the year, daily reports regarding male studont
visits to the offioo because of illness and recommendations thereon
wero referred to the Medical Officor in charge of the Ct0,T.C.
Sickness reports concerning female students were referred to the
Instructor of Physical Education fcr Women.
Unfortunately this year we have been without the services
of a Mental Hygienist.    The war has interfered drastically with this
programme which had developed during the two preceding years.    It
is hoped that when our staff is at full strength we shall bo able to
resume this most important  service.    The early recognition and
correction of psychopathic tendencies among certain students is
most important, 76
Student visits to   tho office have increased.    A total of
12,377 visits wore made,  an increase of 17 per cent,   over last year
and an increase of 297 por cent,  over visits made during tho 1936-57
session.    Tho limited office quarters available make the efficient
handling of  such a largo group difficult.    In spite of the
difficulties it is felt  that tho students appreciato more and more
tho opportunity of approaching us on health problems.
A considerable number of immunizations  against Communicable
Diseases wero performed during the year.    Vaccinations against
Smallpox numbered 192;   21 individuals wero given Diphtheria Toxoid;
14  Scarlet Fever Toxin and 73 Typhoid Paratyphoid vaocino,    Ro-
inforcing doses of Toxoid woro givon in 22 instances and against
Typhoid in 24.      The office carried out  certain laboratory tests
such as urinalysis and blood examinations.    Othor procedures wero
referred to  the Division of Laboratories, Provincial Board of      *
Staff  members of the Metropolitan Health Department
assisted on occasion, particularly in the medical examination of new
students.    The Health Department gave 11 lectures and talks to
various University  groups, particularly tho Social Service students
and those taking Teacher Training.    Many of thoso lecturos wore part
of a series sponsored by tho Departmont of Nursing and Health.    For
the first time a student  of the Department of Nursing and Health
took throe weeks*  field work with us.
A complete and detailed statistical report of activities
and findings has been prepared of which this report is a summary.
The Health Service was maintained during the Summer
Session 1943, with the Public Health Nurse in attendance. Altogether,
88 visits were made to the offico and 47 first aid treatments wero
We wish to thank thoso groups who have assisted, particularly
the Students'   Council and Faculty Committee for providing examination
quarters in the Fall;  the Studont  Christian Movement for relinquishing
their quarters during tho X-ray examinations in November  and March;
the CO.T.C.   and Medical Examiners; the Provincial Board of Health
and its various members; the Department of Nursing and Health and other
staff members of the University who have co-oporated wholeheartedly
in helping us to carry on under rather unusual and difficult circumstances.
Respectfully submitted,
Director, University Health Service. 77
Military Training Requirement.
The past   session included a programme of physi cal
fitness as a part  of the military requirement.    Between 800 and
1000 men were given training one hour per week.    This training
was conducted with the help of student  instructors and was given
in twenty-three class periods each week.
Intramural Sports.
The  largest intramural programme in the history of the
University was enjoyed by the male students in 1942-43. Twenty-
two teams made up of over 1000 men competed in ten different
sports.     It is estimated that an  average of 150 men competed in
some form of intramural sport each week.
Voluntary Classes.
With the  exception of one class a week in boxing and
tumbling,   all voluntary classes were discontinued.    This was
necessary  for two reasons:  first,  the facilities were no longer
available because of military classes in physical training,  and
secondly,  because of  increased time table difficulties.
It is interesting to note that a Bill for the Promotion
of Physical Fitness of the People of  Canada has been submittod by
the Department of Pensions and National Health and adopted by the
Dominion Government.    In view of this fact and the nood for local
expansion as recognized by the Faculty,  Senate, and Board of
Governors,   it is recommended that the present   status and future
growth of Physical Education at tho University of British Columbia
receive early consideration for the purpose  of determining the
policy in the development of Physical Education as a fully operative
department  of the University.
Respectfully submitted,
M.  L.  VAN VLI35P,
Assistant Director of
Physical Education. 78
During tho session 1942-43,   each woman undergraduate
on the  campus who successfully passed her medical examination
was required to   take ono hour a week of physical training as a
part  of the women's war work programme.     Six hundred and thirty-
two women students were  rogistorod in these classos.
Programme of Classes in War Work.
Archery:    There woro five classes for beginnerswith
a total registration of .126.
Badminton:    Of tho five classos, two woro for beginners
and three woro for tournament ployors.    Ninoty-nine students
registered for this course.
Basket Ball:    Eleven students, who comprised tho
University toam,  participated in this activity.
Folk Dancing:    A course in theory and practice,   suitable
for teachers and recreation leaders, was given to a class of 34
Grass Hockey:    Two grass hockey teams, with 18 entrants,
participated in this form of athletic activity.
Keep Fit:    The  course included various types of
exorcises,  marching and gamos.    Fivo  classes, with a total of
191 students, woro  registered.
Play and Playground:    This course included the thoory
of teaching and tho practice of rocreational leadership.    Twenty-
five students were registered.
Rhythms:    Rhythmical activities,  dances and drill wore
emphasized in this course.    Tho sevoral sections included 85
Volley Ball:    A group of 42 students was divided into
elomontary and advanced sections; both wero taught volley ball
technique; tho advanced section had additional instruction end
practice in coaching and roforoeing.
Tournaments were conducted in Volley Ball, Badminton,
Archery and Ping Pong.     Eight teams were  entered, representing:
First, Second, Third and Fourth Year, Arts and Science; Agriculture;
Nursing and Health; Teacher Training Course;  and Commerce.     As a
result  of the war work programme these tournaments were  less
successful than in other years. 79
Teacher Training Course.
This course was arranged to conform with  the requirements
of the Physical Education curriculum of the schools in this Province.
The Instructor in Physical Education for Women was a
member of the Women's Athletic Directorate, tho Stadium and
Gymnasium Conmittee and the University Council on Athletics and
Physical Education.
Part-time student assistants helped materially in conducting courses particularly in such duties as keeping attendance
and health records, the supervision of equipment,   and co-lateral
instruction of classes in drill and sport activities.
While much valuable help is obtainable from student
assistants the  scope of thoir work is limited;  and regularly
appointed instructors are regarded as essential for the major part
of coursos in Physical Education.
The Outlook in Physical Education.
There  is good reason to anticipate that Physical Education
and Rocreational Activities will receive enhanced evaluation after
tho war,  and that the demand for teachers and leaders in those
fields will  continue to increase.    It is hoped that the pioneer
progress of tho past years may form a basis for real advance in the
Respectfully submitted
Instructor in Physical Education
for Women. 80
1.      General.
Tho 1942-43 training season of the U.B.C.   Contingent,
C.O.T.C. was probably the most  successful in the history of tho
Unit.    Many of tho difficulties which resulted from the rapid
expansion of the Contingent during the early years of the War
had been overcome.    For the first time since 1939 it was
possible to provide each man with a uniform.    There was also
an increase in tho number of rifles and other items of training
equipment available.    However,  an even more important factor
contributing towards the keenness and efficiency of the men in
the Unit was tho Armoury.    Tho Contingent had graduated from
a corner of a basement to a building which provided adequate
accommodation for its activities.    Each man attested into the
Unit since 1928 had contributed towards the  building funds  and
aB. had a feeling of pride and satisfaction in knowing that no
othor Contingent in Canada possesses a comparable building. The
addition which was added this year provides adequate space not
only for the C.O.T.C. but also for the newly formed University
Naval Training Division and University Air Training Corps. Thus
all the Service Training on the Campus is centralized in one
4t the last parade for the year,   31st March,  1943,
an inspection and demonstration of training was held in the
Stadium.    Major-General G.  R. Pearkes,  V.C.,  D.S.O., M.C,
G.O.C.-in-C., Pacific  Command, was present to take the salute
during the march past.    Many other  senior officers were present
at the demonstration including tho CO,P.O.  and tho A.O.C,
Western Air Command.
Following the demonstration a banquet was hold in the
Hotel Vancouver to honour the members of the Corps who wore
leaving for Active Service.    Over 400 officers and cadets
Although all University students were still being
urged by the Department of Labour to remain at their studies
until after graduation,  600 members of the Unit volunteorod
and were accepted for Active Service.    The enlistments were
distributed among the three Services as follows:
Air Foroe -
205. 81
2. Establishment of Naval and Air Force Units.
The Board of Governors on March 29th, 1943, approved
the establishment of a University Naval Training Division at
the University. Lieut. H. M. Mcllroy of the C.O.T.C. was
appointed Temp. Lieut.-Commander and Officer Commanding the
detachment. Arrangements were made for eighty-five cadets of
the C.O.T.C. to take Naval training either at Esquimalt or
Toronto in lieu of camp training.
After many disappointing delays an agreement was
received from the Departmont of National Defence for Air and
on June 28th, 1943, the Board of Governors approved the
establishment of a squadron of the University Air Training
Corps.  Captain J. A. Harris of the C.O.T.C was appointed
A/Squadron Leader and Officer Commanding tho squadron.
The Naval and Air Force training Units have not
been organized to provide alternative training to that offered
by the CO.T.C. but to make available specialized training for
Students who have definitely decided to go on Active Service
with these branches of the Service.
3. Training.
The strength of the Unit as at November 1st, 1942
was 1595 All Ranks divided into ten companies.
Each man in the Unit devoted at least six hours each
week to military and physical training. Officers and N.C.O's.
were required to attend at least one additional two hour
parade per week. The greater part of the training was carried
out on Wednosday and Saturday afternoons. However, evening
parades were provided for men who were unable to attend during
the day. The weekly one hour physical training periods wore
held in the University Gymnasium at hours to suit the convenience
of the men.
A number of officers were prepared for theoretical
and practical qualifying examinations.
4. Camp.
The Annual Camp was hold at Vernon from 29th April
to 12th May,  1943.    The total camp strength was 599.    Applications
for leave from camp were accepted from students in Applied Science
and from students in other Faculties whose homos wore outside the
Greater Vancouver Area.    Leave was granted to  590 All Ranks.
Since the Unit was responsible for the Administration and Training
at the camp, much valuable experience was gained by the officers.
Good weather, adequate training facilities and the enthusiastic
co-operation of all ranks contributed to the success of the
camp. 5. Staff. g2
Tho authorized full-time staff consisted of two
Officers and four Warrant Officers for training and one Officer,
two non-commissioned officers and four clerks for administration.
Major J.P.G.MacLeod,  D.S.O.,  served as Chief Instructor.    Ho
was assisted by T/Capt, R.F.Osborne.
6. Parade Ground.
During the year the area immediatoly East and North
of the Armoury was cleared and levelled for use as a Parade
Ground.    This mado it possible to hold battalion parades — a
procedure which helped to improve tho general discipline of the
7. Discipline.
During the year there were no breaches of discipline
and there were no men whose attendance at lectures and parades
was unsatisfactory.
8. Ac knowle dgmen t s.
The Commanding Officer wishes to record his thanks
and appreciation for the assistance and co-operation afforded
him by the Chancellor and the President  of the University,  tho
General Officer Commanding Pacific  Command and his staff, the
Officer Commanding 39th Reserve Brigade Group, The University
Committee  on Military Education and by All Ranks of the
Respectfully submitted,
G.  M.  SHRUM,
(G. M,  Shrum)  M.M. ,  Lt.-Col.,
Officer Commanding,
U.B.C.   Contingent,  C.O.T.C 83
Bacterial food poisoning. Canadian journal of public health
34:97-111, 205-35 March, May 1943.
RANTA, L. and Dolman, C,,E.
Observations on cholera vaccine.  Canadian journal of public
health 54:26-57 January 1943.
Departnont of Biology and Botany
Tho cascara tree in British Colunbia. Victoria, King's printer,
revised 1942.  (British Colunbia. Departnont of agrioulture.
Bulletin A108) 23 pp.
ALLARDYCE, John, Aldous, John and othors
Effocts of visible radiations upon albino rats. American
journal of physiology 137:761-8 Novonbor 1942.
Departmont of Classics
TODD,   0.   J.
One circuit  of tho sun:    A dilemma.    Royal society of Canada.
Transactions ser 3,  36,  soc,  2:119-32 1942.
MacKAY,  L.  A.
Tho boaring of tho hunanities on liberal oducation in tho
contonporary crisis.     Canadian Hazen conforonoe,   2d.    Report
2:15-17 1942.
Froedon and authority.    Canadian forun 22:295-7 January 1943.
Horaee Odos 1,   6,   2,  Maeonii caminis alito.     Classical
journal 38:557-8 Juno 1943.
On"?atavinity"      Classical philology 38:44-5 January 1943.
Dopartnent of Connerc.e
Lot there bo trade.    Quarterly journal of commerce 9:253-60
Autumn 1942.
CURRIE,  A.  W. ^   .   _
The railways talk back.    Quarterly journal of conneroe 9s246-52
Autumn 1942.
Review: C  E. Puffor.    Air transportation,  and 0.  J. Lissitzyn.
International air transport and national policy.     Canadian
journal of econonics and political science 8rll3-l6 February .1945. Departnent  of Education
TYLER,   F.  T.
Advance notice of examination makes little difference in
students'  narks.     (Report on thesis by T.  M.  Chalmers.)  School
31:889-90 June 1943.
The aims of secondary school mathematics.    B.C.teacher
22:141-4 January 1943.
Graduate students investigate formation of concepts.   (Report
on theses by A.  E.  Dickinson and J. E. Wood.)    School 31:888-9
June 1943.
Studies of children's reasoning.    Psychological bulletin
39:611 October 1942.
This proves...     School  (Secondary edition)  31:  674-8 April
What does this prove?    School (Secondary edition)   31:808-13
May 1943.
TYLER,  F. T.   and Wells,  B.  E.   (sic Wales)
Acceleration easily possible for capable high school students.
School 31:895-6 June 1943.
Department of Geology and Geography
Notes on the fauna of Bruce Peninsula, Manitoulin and adjacent
islands.     Canadian field-naturalist 5&:60-l,  70-81,   92-3
April,  May,  September  1942.
Roy Graham - a biographical sketch.    Miner 16:52-4 April 1943.
WILLIAMS,  M. Y.  and Spencer,  G.  J
The flammulated screech owl at  Kamloops.     Canadian field-
naturalist 56:138 November and Decembor 1942.
Geology and mineral resources of British Columbia.    Miner
16:35-9,  33-7 June,  July 1943-
Department  of History
SAGE, W.  N., Howay,  F.  W.  and Angus, H, F.
British Columbia and the United States, Toronto, The Ryerson
press, 1942. xv, 408 pp. (Relations of Canada and tho United
Review: Rome.   David.    The first two years:    A record of the
Jewish pioneers on Canada's Pacific coast,  1858^60.     Canadian
historical review 24:73-4 March 1943.
at the  8th Conference
PP.30-38    I?*?,)
' fiur^ary of  a regional  round  table
■■-emblarit*.   Quebec, "1942.   (In War  and
-.-.- ,. .. J _
.-:t.o  of rrciflc  Relations,  New Yorx, Department  of History  (Continued)
SOWARD,  F.  H.   (Continued)
ttoviow; Georgo if♦ Brown. Building the Can°d* p^ n^-- * *■>-■ o„,-4.j „i,
r~->.^r~-~*n --j f-«r.- «~ -> ^,,.„4., i £ >o-^ t v--'-^-a-^ a^v^w,*, .British
W-Wi--- nxSvoriCui quarterly/  7:bo-9  January 1943,
Heviev/:  A.  L.  Burt.     A short hlatory of Canada for the Airer-iea**
.-.'orla affairs interpreter 14:482-3 Winter 1943. *    ~    *""
Review:    E. W. Mclnnis.    Tho unguarded frontier.    Pacific historical
review 12:199-200  June I943.
Various reviews in the Vancouver daily province.
Assisted In editing section on Canada for the 1943 edition of the
annual publication Political handbook of tho world.
THRUPP,  Sylvia L.
Medieval gilds reconsidered.    Journal of economic history
2:164-73 November 1942.
Social control in the medieval town. Journal of economic history
1:    Supplement 39-52 December 1941.
Review:    F.  C,  Diotz.    An economic history of England.,     Journal
of eoonomic history  3:94-7 May 1943.
Review:    H. E. Matthews,   ed.    Proceedings of the company of
soapmakers,  1562-1642   (Bristol record society's publications
vol,   10,  1940)   Economic history  review 11:110-11 1941.
Department of Mathematics
An arithmetical identity for the form ab - cd.  American mathematical
society.    Bulletin 48:898-900 Docembor 1942.
Department  of Modern Languages
CLARK,  A.  F.  B.
Review:    J.  R. Miller.    Boiloau en France au xviii9 siecle.
Modern language notes 58:501-3 April 1943.
GREIG,  Janet T. ,„„,,.
Is the study of Fronoh still worth while?    B.  C.  teacher 22:45
October 1942.
Department of Philosophy and Psychology
The'effect of emotional difficulties on the well-being and safety
of the worker.     Canadian nurse 39:464-8 July 1943. 86
Department  of Zoology
Contributions to the life-hi story of the sockeye salmon
Paper 28.    British Columbia.    Department of provincial
fisheries.     Report   1942:  31-42 1943.
Department of Civil Engineering
HRFNNIKOFF,  Alexander
Effect of variation of elastic characteristics on static
unknowns.    American society of civil engineers.    Paper no.   2181
Reprinted from its Transactions 108:317-52 January 1942.
MUIR,   J. F.
Analysing flow from multiple reservoirs by the Hardy Cross
method.    Engineering news record 128:408-9 Maroh 12,  1942.
Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
The theory of cascading of induction motors mechanically
coupled to A.C.  commutator motors.    Franklin institute.     Journal
236:167-90 August 1943.
Department of Mining and Metallurgy
The young technical graduate after the war.     Canadian institute
of mining and metallurgy.    Bulletin 371:80-4 March 1943.
The British Columbia war metals research board.     Ganadian
institute of mining and metallurgy.    Bulletin 374:275-9 June
1943       (Paper delivered by author at the annual western meeting
of the  Canadian institute  of mining and motallurgy, Vancouver,
B.C., November  19,  1942.)
Periodic health examinations in industry.     Canadian nurse
39:521-5 August  1943.
^Sport  of the public health section.     Canadian nurse 38:688-98
September 1942.
Teaching manual for first  aid instruction.     Canadian nurse
38:661-3 September  1942. 87
Department of Animal Husbandry
BERRY,   J.   C.
Livostook and dairy farming.    Ottawa, Canadian legion
war services,  inc.   (cl943)       (Coursos for service men.
Vocational agriculture.    Text-booklet 4)


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