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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the Academic Year Ended August 1st,… 1946

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Array UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PRESIDENT'S REPORT
1945-1946 Report of The President
OF THE
University of British Columbia
For the Academic Year
Ended August 1st, 1946 Report of The President
I    INTRODUCTION
II    GENERAL    ■.],-'  10
Teaching Staff         -       _   -           -'-           ... 10
New Appointments            -'                     -                      -          - 11
Promotions    -------- 13
Leaves of Absence -           -           -           -           -           -«i        - 15
Resignations             ------- 15
Re-appointments following Attainment of Retirement Age       - 15
Appointment of Professors Emeriti            - 16
~          Election of Representatives of Senate on the Board of Governors 18
Installation ,of Chancellor  -           -           -           -           -           - 16
Honorary Degrees Conferred        -           -           -           -           - lt>
Notice of Appointments     -,'•-'         -          -          -          - 16
Obituaries    -          -          -          -          -          -      <•%.,       - 17
III    REPORTS OF FACULTIES AND DEPARTMENTS
REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR '
Registration      -          -          -          -          -          -          - -          -          18
Nationalities of Students        -           -           -           -           - -           -           20
Geographical Distribution of Students          -           -           - -           -           20
Occupation of Parents            -           -          -          -          - -          -          23
Comparative Statement of Registration        -          -          - -          -          26
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred        -          - -          -          26
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued           -,         - -          -          27
Honorary Degrees Conferred             -          -          -          - -          -          27
Location of Graduates            ------- 28
Scholarships, Prizes, Fellowships and Bursaries awarded to Graduates           28
Threo REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE - 29
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE ,- 46
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE      - '- 49
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF LAW           -          - !- 56
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF WOMEN'   -. ■      -          -          -          - - 58
REPORT OF THE LIBRARIAN TO THE LIBRARY COMMITTEE
OF THE SENATE        -          -           -          -          -          -          - - 59
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
UNIVERSITY EXTENSION     -    .     -          -          -          -          - - 71
1     REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE SPECIAL WINTER AND
.     SPRING SESSIONS     -          -           -          -          -          -          - - 78
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE SUMMER SESSION     -          - -' 79
REPORT OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT FACULTY COMMITTEE
ON PRIZES, SCHOLARSHIPS AND BURSARIES   -          -          - p. 80
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICE J 85
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR MEN - 87"
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR WOMEN  j- 89
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE VETERANS' BUREAU AND
UNIVERSITY  EMPLOYMENT BUREAU      -          -          -          - - 90
REPORT OF THE COMMANDING OFFICER, UNIVERSITY NAVAL
TRAINING DIVISION    ,        -           -       v -          ,          -          - - 92
REPORT OF THE COMMANDING OFFICER, CANADIAN OFFICERS'
'    TRAINING CORPS     -          -           -          -          -          ... ,', 93
IV    PUBLICATIONS >./J/ . 95
Four Report of The President
ACADEMIC YEAR 1945-46
To the Board of.Governors and the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
Gentlemen:
I have the honour to submit the following report on the work df the
University for the academic year ended August 31st, 1946. The artnual
reports of the Deans of the Faculties and of certain other administrative
officers are included herein, as is also a list of publications by members of
the staff. >     - '
INTRODUCTION
The year 1945-46 has been one of the most difficult and one of the most challenging periods
in the history, of the University of British Columbia. It has been a period of reconversion during
which the University has emerged from a comparatively small provincial institution into the second
largest in the Dominion. This sudden expansion has been largely due to the influx of several thousands of veteran students. The interest which these young men and women are showing in higher
education is, of course, not peculiar to the University of British Columbia; it is a world-wide phenomena and one which augurs well for the future. However, it has brought with it, Jo our campus as
to' others, many complex problems. ' |
Most serious of these problems has been that of accommodation — space for lecture rooms,
laboratories and living quarters. Before the war, the University had buildings and equipment adequate to accommodate comfortably a maximum of 2,500 students. In the 1944-45 Session, the year
preceding that covered by this report, these facilities had already became overtaxed by an enrolment of almost 3,000 students. In September, 1945, more than 5,600 students were registered for various
courses and over half of this number were veterans newly discharged from the services. The Special
Winter Session, which commenced in January, enrolled a further 1,100 ex-service men and women.
After the termination of the regular Spring Session, the University remained in operation until late
June to give instruction to another group of 2,000 veterans', 600 of whom had registered for the first
time. These huge enrolments were continued in the regular Summer Session which had a record
attendance of 2,400 students, approximately as high as average pre-war enrolments in the regular
Winter Session. - .''■.'
Thus, the University, during the period under review, gave instruction to a total of almost 8,000
students. Moreover, it remained continuously in operation from September, 1945 to August, 1946.
In spite 'of tremendous difficulties—shortage of accommodation, staff and equipment, it refused admission to no student, veteran or non-veteran, who 'had- the necessary academic qualifications.
1 -  Five EMERGENCY ACCOMMODATION
The University solved' its difficult over-crowding problems by the acquisition of!army,'and,air:
force huts, transported to the campus from many parts of the Lower Mainland as welj as from Vancouver Island. A considerable number of these-huts had been installed and converted info lecture
rooms by the, opening of the term in September, 1945, and throughout 1946 'this programme of emergency accommodation has been continued. It has been one of the major undertakings of (he year
under review.       ' < ;
Statistics now available reveal that we have secured5huts from twenty-two different localities.
Fifteen complete army and anti-aircraft camps have been taken over. Of these, twelve have been
moved in entirety to the campus, while the remaining three—at Acadia, the Fort and Lulu Island—
have been converted into living quarters on their original location. Before the end of 1946 we will
have in use a total of 250 individual units, but as some of these are of an enlarged type, this.figure
is equivalent to 310 standard-size, 60 ft. by 24 ft. huts.
Exclusive of the huts at Little Mountain, which we are now in the process of converting into
fifty suites for married students, these huts provide living accommodation for 735 single men" and
women, and for 150 married students and faculty with children. In addition,- at University Camp,
AcadtaERoad, there are more than sixty trailers in three separate camp units. These are used as
temporary housing for married veterans with children.,
On the campus itself, huts provide 37 lecture rooms with a total seating capacity of 4,000 students, 36 laboratories accommodating 900 students at one time, as well as a great many reading
rooms, drafting rooms, offices and rooms for special purposes and student.clubs. Several huts have
also been converted into snack shops and this has increased to 12 the number of places on or near
the campus where students and faculty may obtain hot food. Accommodated completely in centralized hut-units are the Faculty of Law, the Departmsnt of Pharmacy, Nursing and Health, Architecture,,
Commerce and University Extension as well as the B. C. Research Council.
Through this use of army and airforce huts we have been able to meet the immediate problems arising out of the increased enrolment. The success of this programme of emergency accommodation has been due in no small measure to the work of Dr. G. M. Shrum, Director of University
Extension, to Mr. John D. Lee, Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, and to their respective staffs.
Credit must also gen to the firm of Armstrong and Monteith for their very excellent and speedy work
in the reconversion of these huts. And finally, we are deeply indebted to the Army, the Airforce
and War Assets Corporation for their generosity and cb-operation. ,
SPECIAL COURSES
In order to make it possible for veterans to begin their studies as soon after discharge as possible, the University had established, as early as 1944, a Special Winter Session from January to April.
In addition to this course, this year the University enrolled a further group of veterans in a Special
Spring Session covering the period of May 6th to June 28th. Nine units of credit were allowed in the
Special Winter Session- and six units in the Special Spring Session. With the establishment of these
two courses, newly discharged veterans were able to enter the University in January, May, July or
September, and so avoid long periods of waiting and loss of valuable time. A saving of time was
also effected by means of the iopt that a veteran ^udent could complete a full year's work in Arts in
the period from January to life end of June, and a full year's work in Applied Science in the period
from January to August, at the end of the Summer Session. Although the special courses have
proven useful for the above reasons, experience has shown that they can}' be considered as only a
temporary measure. It has been found that consistently good work can. hoi be attained by concent
trated study over such a, long period of time.
STAFF
During the past year we have been extremely fortunate in securing the services of many outstanding men in various fields of education from other universities. The tremendous teaching burden
has been considerably eased too, by the return of several members of- the Faculty from wartime service.    We have also recruited to the staff a number   of  retired  high   school   teachers   and   married
Six women,, qualified1 to teach in certain subjects. In addition,   we  have ded   :
trained -and capable Es'tudents to'postpone their postgraduate work in o hel]
trying period; as Assistants and -Instructors, they have carried an exes [y hec
formed their duties' with exemplary goodwill.     ;
: I cannot speak vtoo highly of the work of the. entire Faculty iminis
Shis past year,   their cheerfulness, willingness to work; long hours ah 3 on e
more than any other single factor for the success whiqh "we have'■> c i in 1
stude'ni..enrolment.   Lam grateful too, to those senior members of F who-.''
ffllent but who agreed to stay on and help us out in this emergency.
STUDENTS :;
The general student body has accepted the many hardships of this difficult year with patience
and good humour.: In spite of extremely, overcrowded class rooms and laboratories, shortage of text- '
books and lack of proper places in which to study, they have throughout exhibited a spirit of the
highest order. Without this patience and willingness to co-operate, it is: certain that we would not
haye been able to carry on under these adverse conditions. The veterans, in. particular, are due for
special praise. All,of us connected with the, education,of these young men and women from the services have been impressed by their keenness and application, their initiative, and the high calibre
of their-work. They are mature and purposeful, and it has been a thrilling experience to direct them
in their studies. I, personally, am fully convinced that no university could wish fpr a better group
of students, and I feel sure that the country and the government which has made, their education
possible will be rewarded a hundredfold by the .contribution which they will make after their training
is completed. E ;''■■•.'
THE PRESS AND PUBLIC
I would like to take this opportunity of thanking the press, radio and other news agencies for
their-generosity in all matters in which we have sought their aid. Their cooperation in our appeals
for student lodgings has made- it possible for us to secure accommodation for eyerjy person attending the university. In this particular matter the citizens of Vancouver have been .most generous. It
would be impossible to list the number of people who have opened their homes ahtf made room for
one or more deserving students. ■  iV ' ■    .        .        -.E'j"
CURRICULUM
The increased enrolment'has brought with it a demand for a greater variety of subjects and
courses in the University curriculum. To meet this current demand for-more specialized training as
well as to expand the service pi the'University to the community on a permanent basis, a new
Faculty* several new Departments and a great many new courses were established or planned during the year.       . E       .      , ....
; A'Faculty of Law, organized in the summer of 1945, was officially opened,at the beginning of
the 194546 Session. We were extremely fortunate in securing as Dean of the new Faculty, Professor-
George F. Curtis, formerly of the Dalhousie Law School, and, as Associate Professor, Mr. Frederick
Read;, from the University of Manitoba;, An enrolment of about thirty stuclehts had been anticipated;
however, when registrations were completed late in September, it was found that almost eighty had
entered the new Faculty. The largest proportion of this number were returnedEmeri£* The University
undertook to extend the facilities of the new Faculty to Law Society students and, for a five month
period, co-operated with the Law Society in conducting a Refresher Course for young men returning
to their practices after wartime service. From its formation and throughout the year the Faculty has
received the full; co-operation of the legal profession. Members of the Bar have generously given
their services as part-time and special lecturers. Temporary accommodation had been provided
for the new Faculty in a centralized hut-unit. However, with the large enrolment — about 200 students
are expected to enrol for the 1946-47 Session — it quickly became evident that larger quarters would
be necessary. A new building, with a spacious library, offices, lecture hall "and study room has been
constructed and is already in operation. :. t/y EE
•';,."'This yedr, for the first time, degrees were offered in the Departments pi Social Work and Home
Economics.    The Department' of SocialWork has been accorded full status "as a graduate school and
-    v i '   ■' 'Seven' ' this year received further recognition by being granted accredited standing by the American Association of Schools of Social Work. The degree of Bachelor of Social Work (B.S.W.) was conferred on
graduates at the Spring Congregation, and at 'the termination of the 1946-47 Session, the Master's
degree will be conferred for post-graduate study. Coursed in Home Economics had been commenced
in the 1941-42 Session. The Fourth Year course,of this work was given during the regular Fall and
Winter terms, and the degree of Bachelor of Home Economics (B.H.E.) conferred on the first graduates
in May, 1946.
Plans are now complete for the establishment in the 1946-47 Session of the following new Departments offering degree courses: Physical Education, Architecture and Town Planning, Pharmacy,
Agricultural Engineering and Agricultural, Mechanics. New Chairs-or Departments will also be set up
in Slavonic Studies, International Studies, Music, and Engineering Physics, while courses in Dramatics, Food Technology, Aeronautics and Pre-Optometry have been added to the curriculum of existing
Departments. Other proposed developments in the curriculum include the splitting up of the Department
of Modern Languages into separte Departments of French, German and Spanish, the discontinuation
of the double degree courses in Commerce and Forestry, the lengthening of the Commerce course 'to
five years, and the re-organization of the courses in Mining, Forestry and Commerpe.
MEDICAL EDUCATION
The University has been subject to considerable pressure during this past year for the establishment of a Faculty of Medicine. From the outset it has been apparent that this Would be an
undertaking of major proportions, both financially arid from the point of view of plant and facilities.
Before coming to any decision, it was felt that full information concerning the establishment of a
school of medicine should be obtained and studied. In January of this year, therefore, Dr. C. E.
Dolman, Head of the Departments of Preventive Medicine and Nursing and Health, was' asked by the
Board of Governors to make a survey of Medical Schools in Canada and the United States. Dr. Dolman
returned later in the spring and reported his findings to the Board of Governors. During the same
period an independent survey was conducted by a representative of the Vancouver Medical Association. The results of this survey were also submitted to the Board for its consideration. These reports
were extremely valuable and helpful in bringing to light the many factors which will have to be considered in the setting up of. a Medical Faculty. A third survey was conducted by a group of medical
experts from other parts of Canada and the United States. They were asked to advise the Board as
to the feasibility of establishing a Medical School, the estimated cost, the site of a training hospital
and full details as to the steps which must be taken if a school were adjudged feasible. Those who
accepted this invitation and visited Vancouver for this purpose were:—
Dr. R. F. Farquharson, Professor of Therapeutics, University of Toronto.
Dr. Herman G. Weiskotten, Dean of Syracuse University College of Medicine.
Dr. Victor Johnson, Secretary of the Council on Medical Education and Hospitals, American Medical Association.
Dr. Ernest W. Goodpasture, Dean of Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
Dr. Alan Gregg, Director, Division of Medical Sciences, Rockfeller Foundation.
Dr. J. J. Ower, Professor of Pathology and Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta.
Dr. L. R. Chandler, Professor of Surgery and Dean, Stanford University College of Medicine.
In the meantime, every possible help has been given to graduate and senior students now
qualified for entrance to medical schools. In spite of the crowded conditions at all Canadian Universities, a considerable number of U.B.C. students have been accepted by medical colleges in other
parts of the Dominion. A survey is now being undertaken of all students at the University who are
intending to study medicine, and an Advisory Board set up to interview pre-medical students and
advise them as to courses, qualifications and opportunities.
PERMANENT BUILDING
The acquisition and reconversion of army huts has in no way eased the critical need for
permanent buildings at the University. Thanks to the $5,000,000 appropriation made available by
the Provincial Government, we are embarking upon an extensive programme of permanent building
construction. ■■ The new Physics Building, which will cost approximately $770,000 was commenced
early in the year and should be ready for occupancy in September, 1947. Construction is also well
advanced on the Agricultural. Pavillioft at a cost of $40,000.    Plans have been approved and tenders
Eight let for the North Wing qf the Library ($720,000), and tenders will shortly be called; for the extension
to,the Boiler-Plant and Power House (approximately $300,000). Other permanent buildings,now being
planned or considered are an Applied Science Building, Pharmacy and Biological Sciences Building,
Home Economics - Building and Women's Residence. $75,000 and $30,000 have been contributed from
private sources for the Home Economics and Pharmacy Buildings respectively. Of the- original Provincial Government allocation, $1,500,000 has been tentatively earmarked for buildings related to the
proposed Medical Faculty.
VETERAN'S COUNSELLING SERVICE AND EMPLOYMENT flUREAU
In October, 1945, a Veterans' Counselling Bureau was set up on the campus under the direction
of Major John F. McLean, D.S.O. This service was later expanded to take over the work of student
employment, formerly handled by the Alma Mater Society. This combined service has proven of
inestimable value, to both veterans and the general student body. The two full-time counsellors,
Major McLean and Dr. W. G. Black, aided by certain Faculty members acting as part-time counsellors, have personally interviewed all student veterans and have given advice and assistance to those
requiring it. , Aptitude and intelligence tests have been conducted, and everything possible done to
make the veterans' readjustment to civilian and University life easier. The Veterans' Bureau has
worked in close liason with the Department of Veterans' Affairs and has taken charge of the disbursement of educational allowance cheques. In the matter of employment, the Bureau has been
successful in securing part-time and seasonal work for both veteran and hOn-veteran students, and
has .made a beginning in the placement of graduates in permanent positions. Excellent relations between the University and employers have been established, and it is now evident that this aspect of
the work of the Bureau will become more important and more valuable in- the future.
UNIVERSITY FOREST RESERVE t    ^      :':
■   „■'.. - -   » j /
On March 1st, 1943, the Provincial Government leased to the University, for twenty-one years,
subject to further renewal, an area of forest land of approximately 9,500 acres between Pitt Lake
and the town of Haney for "forest research and demonstration purposes". The area comprises a solid
block of land about seven miles long and two and a half miles wide. From the standpoint of size,
accessibility, variation in forest sites, and variety of timber types and age classes it is undoubtedly
one of the finest research forests on the continent. Ample scope is provided here for field work in
cruising, mensuration, silviculture, logging engineering and forest management, and for' research in
forestry and related sciences. During the spring and summer of this1 Veer a road was built into the
area as far as Loon Lake, and camp buildings and a small saw-mill are being planned for construction next year.    Money will be needed, however, for further development of this fine.area.
EXTENSION DEPARTMENT
The services of this department have been considerably exparideaE during the period under
review. Mr. Robert Burroughs has taken over the position of Assistant to the Director left vacant by
the resignation of Mr. R. T. McKenzie, and Dr. Gr M. Shrum has further added to the staff Assistants
in Agriculture and Public Relations, Work in Home Economics and Handicrafts will be undertaken
this fall with the appointment of two qualified people in this work. ~ A large number of evening
classes' and special courses have been sponsored by the Extension Department during the year and
these have been exceedingly popular. In extending4he services of the University to citizens outside
the campus, the Extension Department is carrying out,, in an increasingly effective manner, one of
the prime functions of the University. :'
MILITARY TRAINING
Compulsory Military Training was suspended for the 1945-46 Session pending further information regarding Government intentions and policy and the policy of the National Conference of Canadian Universities. However, two units—the U.N.T.D. and C.O.T.C—-continued to be maintained on the
campus and carried out a certain amount of training on a voluntary basis. .
RESIGNATION OF DR. WEIR
Dr. George F. Weir, who was Head of the Department of Education from its formation in 1924,
resigned in the Fall of last year to take over the post of Minister of Education for British Columbia.  I
; Nine would like to acknowledge here the signal service which Dr. Weir rendered to the University and
the province in the field of education and public affairs, and to wish him well in the future.
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
The U.B.C. Alumni Association has made excellent progress during the past year. With the
setting up of an office on the campus and the appointment of Mr. Frank Turner as full-time Secretary-Manager, the activities of this organization will undoubtedly be expanded further and will become
an important factor in the growth and importance of the University. I am fully convinced that no
University can properly discharge its service to the community without the full support of its graduates and the public generally, and the Alumni Association, in strengthening this support and goodwill, can perform an indispensable service for their Alma Mater.
WAR MEMORIAL CAMPAIGN
In January of this year the students and alumni of the University embarked upon a campaign
to raise funds for the erection of a $500,000.00 War Memorial Gymnasium to commemorate the sacrifice and service of the young men and women of the University and Province who served and died
in two world -wars. I know of no other effort which is so worthy of the support of all friends of the
University, and no more suitable type' of memorial to the gallant youth of our country.
ENDOWMENTS
I would like to take this opportunity of thanking the many friends of the University who have
demonstrated their interest in higher education by financial contributions for scholarships, research,
building expansion and for other purposes. I regret that it is not possible to list-here the names of
all such donOrs, however, it is heartening to. record a considerable increase in these gestures of
goodwill during the past year. I am firmly convinced that no provincial university can properly fulfill
its service to the community without the full and practical support of the people of the province.
TEACHING STAFF
The numbers of members on the teaching staff for the academic year 1945-46, exclusive of those
on leave of absence, were ids follows:
Deans of Faculties '--'-.- 4
Assistant to the Dean, Faculty of Arts and Science
Professors'    ""     - - - 73
(7 appointed July 1, 1946)
Associate Professors - -      E'Ev, 64
(17 appointed July 1, 1946)
(2 appointed August 1, 1946)
Assistant Professors - 35
;!(I5 appointed July 1, 1946)     •
Lecturers - - '. <•"•' 27
(2 appointed July 1, 1946)
Instructors (including regular and special sessions) 34
Honorary Lecturers           ... 5
Part-time Lecturers                        - 80
Assistants (including regular and special sessions) 235
TOTAL 558
Ten NEW APPOINTMENTS
* WOODS, ESLI LONGWORTH, B.S.P. (Sask.), M.Sc. (Wise), Professor and Head of the Department of
Pharmacy.
ADASKIN, HARRY, Professor of Music.
* BIRNEY, A. EARLE, B.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor in the Department of English.
* DANIELS, J. ROY, B.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Toronto), Professor in the Department of English.
* HOWARD, HENRY M., B.ASc. (Toronto), Professor of Mineral Dressing in the Department of Mining
and Metallurgy.
* LASSERRE, FREDERIC, B.Arch. (Toronto), Professor of Architecture in the Department of Civil Engin
eering. ' ■ r
* STANLEY, GEORGE F. G, B.A. (Alta.), M.A., B.Litt, D.Phil. (Oxon.), Professor of Canadian History in
the Department of History.   (On leave of absence until January 1, 1947.)
TAYLOR, T. M. C, B.A. (Brit. Col), Ph.D. (McGill),  Professor  in the Department  of  Biology  and
Botany.
f YOUNG, J. R. W., B.S.A., M.Sc. (Sask.), Associate Professor and Acting-Head of the Departments of
Agricultural Mechanics and Agricultural Engineering. '
* ADAMS, JAMES R., B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D. (McGill), Associate Professor in the Department of Zoology.
* ARGUE, KENNETH F., B.A. (Alta.), M.A. (Oxon.), Ed.D. (Columbia), Associate Professor in the Depart
ment of Education.
* BELINFANTE, FREDERICK JOSEF, B.S.C., M.SC, PhD. (Leiden), Associate Professor in the Depart
ment of Physics.
BELL, DONALD K., B.Com., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Associate Professor in the Department of Commerce.
* BRENNAN,  CECIL N, B.Com.  (Brit.  Col.),  M.Com. (Columbia), CA. (Brit. Col.), Associate Professor
in the Department of Commerce.
* BREWER, MRS. PHYLLIS BREWSTER, B.Sc. (Alberta), M.S. (Minnesota), Associate Professor in the
Department of Pharmacy.
CAMPBELL, J. J. R., B.S.A. (Brit. Col), Ph.D. (Cornell), Associate Professor in the Department of Dairying.
+ CLARK, ARTHUR ROY, BA. (Sask.), Ph.D. (Toronto), Associate Professor in the Deportment of Physics.
* DERRY, DOUGLAS, B.A (Toronto), Dr.Phil. (Gottingen),  Associate Professor  in  the Department  of
Mathematics.
* HENDERSON, MISS MARION, B.A. (Toronto), Associate Professor and Director df Physical Educa
tion, Women.
* LIPSON, SAMUEL L., B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col), M.Sc. (Calif. Inst. Tech.), Associate Professor of Civil Engin
eering in the Department of Civil Engineering.
* MacKENZIE, KENNETH R., B.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (California), Associate Professor in the Department
of Physics.
* McSPADDEN, G. F., AB., M.A. (University of New Mexico), Ph.D. (Stanford), Associate Professor in
the Department of Spanish.
* NOAKES, FRANK, B.Sc. (Alberta), M.Sc, Ph.D. (Iowa State), Associate Professor of Electrical Engin
eering in the Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.
READ, FREDERICK, LL.B. (Man.), Associate Professor of Law..
READ, MAJOR STANLEY E., M.A. (McGill), Associate Professor in the Department of English.
* ROBINSON, J. LEWIS, B.A. (Western Ontario), M.A.  (Syracuse), Associate Professor in the Depart
ment of Geology and Geography. '   '    ,    '
* ROWLES, C. A., M.Sc. (Sask.), D.Phil. (Minnesota), Associate Professor of Soils in the Department of
Agronomy. , '
* SAVERY, BARNET, A.B. (Wash.); Ph.D.. (Harvard), Associate Professor of Philosophy in the Depart
ment of Philosophy and Psychology. !
SLEIGHTHOLME, MRS. JEAN, B.A. (Brit. Col.), MA. (Teachers' College, Columbia)* Diploma in Physical Education (McGill), Director of Physical Education, Women. !       '
'■'*' Appointments effective as. from July 1, 1946. f Appointments effective as front August I, 1946,
Eleven * SPAULDING, JOHN GORDON, AB. (Pomona), Ph.D. (Calif.), Associate Professor in the Departmental
English.
* WATTERS, R. E., B.A, M.A (Toronto), Ph.D. (Wisconsin), Associate Professor in the Department of
English. ''::.[■
* WELLWOOD, ROBERT W., B.ASc (Brit. Col.), PhJD: (Duke), Associate Professor in the Department
of Forestry. -
* BEL YEA, E. S. W., M.A (Toronto), Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Phychol-
ogy. , '        '       -       -   ' ■ • ■     '  ■ ,
* CARMICHAEL, MISS JEAN, BA. (Queen's), Assistant Director in Physical Education, Women.
* CHAPMAN, D. G, B.A. (Sask.), MA. (Toronto and Caiif.X Assistant Professor in the Department/of
Mathematics. ;   >N x
CLAY, MISS ISABEL, Diploma in Physical Education (McGill), Assistant Director, Physical Education,
Women.
* COWIE, MURRAY A., M.A. (Queen's), Ph.D. (Chicago),   Assistant   Professor   in  the   Department   of
German.
* CRAGG, R. Cv B.A. (Toronto), Assistant Professor in the Department of English.
* GRANT,'JOHN D., B.A. (Brit. Col.), M.A. (Toronto), Assistant Professor in the Departr^ent of English.
* HAINES, HARRY C; B.ASc. (Purdue), M.F. (Duke), Assistant Professor in the'Departrrient'of Forestry.
HOLDER; MISS MARY, B.Sc in H.Ec. (Mt. Allison), Assistant Professor in the Department of, Home
Economics.
* KENT, J. R. F., MA. (Queen's), Assistant Professor in the Department of Mathematics.
MacRAE, MISS EDITH, M.A. (New Brunswick), Assistant Professor in the Department! of English.
* MATTOS, ANTHONY R., AB. (Stanford), Assistant Professor.in the Department of Spanish.
* MORRISON, MISS RUTH, R.N. (Toronto General Hospital), B.S. (Minnesota), Assistant Professor in the
Department of- Nursing and Health.
* NEWCOMBE, MISS BARBARA, B.Sc. in H.Ec. (Man.), M.S. (Minnesota), Assistant Professor;in the De
partment of Home Economics.
* PILLSBURY, R. W., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and Botany.
* STEINBERG, M. W., B.A. (Queen's), Assistant Professor in the Department of English.
* WYNNE, IVOR, B.A. (McMaster), Assistant Professor in Physical Education, Men.
BREHAUT, MISS CORA, B.A. (McGill), Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics.
DAVIDSON, HARRY H. A, B.A, .B.ASc., M.A.Sc (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in the Department of Physics.
DETWILLER, LLOYD F., MA. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in the Department of Economics, Political Science
and Sociology.
GRANT, WILLIAM LEONARD, B.AE(Brit. Col.), A.M. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Toronto), Lecturer in the Department of Classics; , ■
HARPER, DAVID A, B.Com. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in the Department of Economics, Political Science
and Sociology.
HARRIS, MRS. JOSEPHINE BATTLE, B.A. (Smith College), M.A. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in German in the
Department of Modern Languages. - ■ : '
HUTTON, GORDON H., M.D., D.P.H., D.Psy. (Toronto), Diplomate of American Board of Psychiatry
and Neurology, Lecturer in the Department of Social Work.
JAMIESON, STUART, B.A. (Brit. Col.), M.A. (McGill), Ph.D. (Calif.), Lecturer in the Depdrtrnent of Economics, Political Science and Sociology. N
LAMB, MRS. W. KAYE, M.A. (Brit. Col.), D.Lett. (Univ. of Paris), Lecturer in French ! in the Department of Modern Languages. ,
LEWIS, MRS. STELLA, MA. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in the Department of English. •
LOURIE, DR. MARIANNE, D.Juris (Vienna), Lecturer in German in the Department of Modern Languages.
* MAHONEY, RICHARD A, B.A. (Man.), M.B.A. (Harvard), Lecturer in the Department of Commerce.
OGILVIE, DAVID, M-A. (Glasgow), Lecturer in German in the. Department of Modern Languages.
PARNALL, JOHN E. A., B.A. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in the Department of' Mathematics.
f;Appointments effective as from July 1, 1946. t Appointments effective as from August 1, 1946.
Twelve    . RETALLACK, J. G, B.A. (Brit. Col.), Lecturer in th? Deportment of Physics.
* SANFORD, CHRIS, B.A. (Oxon.), Lecturer in the Department of English.
STARK, JOHN C, B.Com. (Brit. Col), M.B.A. (Harvard), Lecturer in the Department of Commerce.
WEIR, THOMAS R., B.A. (Brit. Col), M.A. (Syracuse), Lecturer in the Department of Geology and
Geography.
BELL, H. R., B.ASc (Brit. Col), Instructor in the Department of Civil Engineering.
"COLLINS, THOMAS L., MA. (Brit. Col.), Instructor in the Department of Physics.
EYRE, ALAN M. L, B.ASc. (Brit. Col.), Instructor in the Department of Civil Engineering.
McLEOD, ALAN-A, M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Instructor in the Department of Chemistry.
RATTENBURY, J. A., MA. (Brit. Col:), Instructor in the Department of Biology and Botany,'
McLEAN, MAJOR JOHN F., B.A. (Brit. Col.), Director of the Veterans' Bureau and i Employment Service.
BLACK, CAPT. W. G, B.A. (Brit. Col), M.A., PhD. (Chicago), Counsellor for Ex-Service Personnel.
,t BOROUGHS, ROBERT J., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Assistant Director in the Department of University Extension.
* Appointments effective as from July 1, 1946. t Appointments effective as from August I, 1946.
PROMOTIONS
CAMERON, MAXWELL A., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Toronto), from Professor to Professor and Head of
the Department of Education.
MacINNES; MISS ISABEL, M.A.,(Queen's), Ph.D. (California), from Professor in the Department of
Modern Languages to Professor and Head of the Department of German.
ALLARDYCE, JOHN, M.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (McGill), from Associate Professor to Professor in the.Department of Biology and Botany.
COOKE, A. C, B.A. (Manitoba), M.A. (Oxon.), from Associate Professor to Professor in the Department of History.
CROOKEP, A. M., B.A (McMaster), M.A., Ph.D. (Toronto), from Associate Professor to Professor in the
x     Department of Physics.    . .
CRUMB, J. A., B.B.A. (Washington), M.S., Ph.D. (California), from Associate Professor to Professor in
the Department of Economics, Political Science and Sociology.
HARRIS, J. ALLEN, MA. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Illinois), from Associate Professor to Professor in the Department of Chemistry.
MANN, K. C, O.B.E., B.A. (Sask.), Ph.D. (Toronto), from Associate Professor to Professor in the Department of Physics.
SMITH, H. D., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Toronto), from Associate Professor to Professor in the Department of Physics.
TOPPING, C. W., B.A. (Queen's), S.T.D. (Wesleyan Theol. College), A.M., Ph.D. (Columbia), from
Associate Professor to Professor of Sociology in the Department of Economics, Political Science
and Sociology.
URE, WILLIAM; M.A.Sc (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Cal. Inst, of Technology), F.R.S.C, from Associate Professor
to Professor in the Department of Chemistry.
* VOLKOFF, G. M., M.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. {California), from Assistant Professor to Professor in the De
partment of Physics. ,
WOOD, S. N, B.S.A. (Sask.), D.V.M. (Iowa State College), from Associate Professor to Professor in
the Department of Animal Husbandry.
BERRY, J. C, M.S.A. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Iowa State College), from. Assistant Professor to Associate
Professor in the Department of Animal,, Husbandry.
BORDEN, d. E., M.A., Ph,D. (California), from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of German.
BRINK, VERNON G, M.S.A (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Wisconsin), from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of Agronomy. ''
BROOKE, C. VYNER, B.A. (Queen's), AM., Ph.D. (Harvard), from Assistant Professor to Associate
Professor and Chairman of the, Department of Spanish.
Promotion as from July >1, 1946.   '
Thirteen DALLAS, MISS DOROTHY, MA. (Brit. Col,), D.Lett. (Univ. of Paris) from Assistant Professor to Associ-
,        ate Professor in the Department of French. •
GRIFFITH, B. G, M.A. (Brit. CoUEM.F. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Washington), M.CS.F.E., from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of Forestry.
HALLAMORE. MISS JOYCE, MA. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Munich), from Assistant Professor to Associate1
Professor in the Department of German.
HOOLEY, J. GILBERT, MA. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Mass. Inst, of Technology), from Assistant-Professor to
Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry. ' ,
OKULITCH, V. J., MA;Sc (Brit. Col.), Ph.D.-(McGill), F.G.S.A.,  F.R.S.C, from Assistant Professor to
Associate Professor in the Department of Geology and Geography. -
READ, FREDERICK, LL.B. ^Manitoba), from Lecturer to Associate Professor of Law.
ROBBINS, WILLIAM, M.A. (Brit. CqL); Ph.D. (Toronto), from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor,
in the Department of English. , v" -
TYLER, FREDERICK T., B.Sc, M.A., B.Ed.: (Alberta), Ph.D. (California), from Assistant Professor to
Associate Professor in the Department of Education and in the Department of Philosophy and
Psychology. ■
WRIGHT, THOMAS G, BJEfPenn, State), M.F. (Duke), M,C.S,F.E., M.S.A.F., from Assistant Professor
to Associate Professor in the Department of Forestry.
BARCLAY, MISS MAY L., M.A. (Brit. Col), frdm Instructor to Assistant Professor in the,Department of
■ Mathematics. '"
DARLINGTON, MME. Y., from Instructor to Assistant Professor in the Department of French.
GRANT, W. LEONARD, B.A. (Brit. Col.), A.M. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Toronto), from Lecturer to Assistant
Professor in the Department of Classics. '
GUTHRJE, P. CPE B.A. (Manitoba), M.A. (Toronto\ from Instructor'to Assistant Professor in the Department of Classics.    .,/ E ..-'..
HUMPHREY, MISS RUTH, B.A. (Mount Allison), M.A. (Oxford), from Instructor to Assistant Professor
in the Department of English.
ORMSBY, MISS MARGARET Av, MA, (Brit. Col,), Ph.D. (Bryn Mawr), from Lecturer to Assistant Professor in the Department of History. -■.'■' '■'.'-.',
THOMAS? MISS ELIZABETH V, A;B. (Wesleyan College), M.S. (New York School of Social Wprk),
from Special Lecturer to Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Work.
apROBERTS, R. P., B.A. (Brit. Col,), from Assistant" to Lecturer in the Department of English.
GRIERSON-JACKSON, WILLIAM, M.S.A., M.A. (Toronto), from Assistant to Lecturer in the Department of Biology and. Botany.
KNOTTS, WALTER E., B.A (Brit, Col.), from Assistant to Lecturer in the Department of English.   -
KURTH, BURTON, BA. (Brit. Col.), frbm Assistant to Lecturer in the Department of English.
STUSIAK, MICHAEL, B.A.Sc, M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.),, from Instructor to Lecturer in the.Department of
Chemistry..
ATTREE, RICHARD, W. A., BA. (Brit, Col.), from Assistant to Instructor in the Department of Chem-
i        istry.
BOYD, ALAN W., B.A. (Brit. Cbl), from Assistant to Instructor in the Department of Chemistry.
CAVERS, STUART D., B.A.Sc. (Brit Col.), from Assistant to Instructor in the Department of Chemistry.
HARRIS, MRS. J., A.B. (Smith), M.A, (Brit. Col.), from Lecturer to Instructor ,in the Department of
German. _ *. ■•'.■■•--".-.. '  •' ,.
HOOLEY, MRS. J. G, B.A. (Brit. Col:), from Assistant to Instructor in the Department of Chemistry.
LOURIE, MRS. M., D.Juris (Vienna), from Lecturer to Instructor in the Department of German.
RATTENBURY, JOHN A, M.A. (Brit. Col.), from Assistant to Instructor in the Department of Biology
and Botany.       ' :, ,'.'..., ' ... '
ROBERTSON, RODERICK F., B.A./'(Brit. Col.), from Assistant to Instructor in .the Department of
Chemistry. «',  , . . _     .
TAYLOR, MRS* P., M.A. (Brit. Col), from Lecturer to Instructor in the Department of German.
' WOODWARD, EUGENE D., M.S.X. (Brit. Col.),'from Assistant-to Instructor-in the Department of Agricultural Economics. :-,.
Promotions as from July 1, 1946:
Fourteen LEAVES OF ABSENCE
SOWARD, MR. F. H., Professor in the Department of History, for a period of one year as from September 1st, 1945. ■ ' '
DOLMAN, DR. C. E;, Professor and Head, Departments of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine and
Nursing and Healths for a period of four months (January 1st, 1946 to May 1st, 1946).
STANLEY, DR. GEORGE F. G, Professor in the Department of History, from July 1st, 1946 to January
1st, 1947. '
MacKAY, MR. LOUIS A., Associate Professor in the Department of Classics, from September 1st, 1945
to May 15th, 1946.
MORSH, DR. JOSEPH E., Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Psychology for a
period of one year as from September 1st, 1945. -
TYLER, DR. F. T., Assistant Professor in the Departments of Education and Philosophy arid Phychology
from September 1st, 1945 to January 1st, 1946.
VOLKOFF; DR. GEORGE M., Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics for a period of one year
as from July 1st, 1945. ' .
WRIGHT, MR. THOMAS G, Assistant Professor in the Department of Forestry from October 1st, 1945
to February 1st, 1946, ,    * -
GUTHRIE, Mr. P. C. F., Instructor in the Department of Classics, from May 15th, 1945 to July 1st, 1946.
MacKENZIE, MR. ROBERT T., Assistant to the Director of University Extension from March 31st, 1945 to
June 30th, 1946. , ' ". '
SOMERSET, MISS DOROTHY, Assistant in Dramatics in the Department of University Extension, from
January 7th, 1946 to April 15th, 1946.
RESIGNATIONS
WEIR, GEORGE M., B.A. (McGill), MA. (Sask.). D.Paed. (Queen's), Professor and Hedd of the Department of Education.
GILLIES, GEORGE A., M.Sc. (McGill), M.C.I.M., MA.I.M.E., Professor Emeritus of Mineral Dressing, Department of Mining and Metallurgy.
SWANSON, CLARENCE OTTO, M.A.Sc (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Wisconsin), F.G.S.A, F.R.S.C., Professor of
Mineralogy and Petrography, Department of Geology and Geography.
HENDERSON, THOMAS GREENSHIELDS, M.A. (McGill), Ph.D. (Harvard), Associate Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy and Psychology.
REEBEL, MISS KATHERINE, BA. (Perm. College for Women), M.A. (Pittsburgh), M.S.S. (Smith), Associate Professor in the Department of Social Work.
MacLEOD, ROBERT A., M.A (Brit. Col), Instructor in the Department of Chemistry.
RATTENBURY, JOHN A, M.A. (Brit. Col.), Instructor in the Department of Biology and Botany.
TODD, MISS MARJORIE, MA. (Brit. Col.), Instructor in the Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine.      ■ , ?
MacKENZIE, ROBERT T., B.A. (Brit. Col.), Assistant to the Director, Department of University Extension.
BUCHANAN, DANIEL, MA. (McMaster), Ph.D. (Chicago), LL.D. (McMaster), F.R.S.C., Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science and Professor and Head of the Department of Mathematics, who reached
age of retirement on, April 14th, 1946, was re-appointed- to June 30th, 1947.
CLARK, ROBERT H.,M.A (Toronto), Ph.D. (Leipzig), F.R.S.C, Professor and Head Of the Department
of 'Chemistry, who reached age of retirement on June 4th, 1946, was re-appointed to June 30th,
1947.
HENNINGS, A. E., M.A (Lake Forest College), Ph,D. (Chicago), Professor in the Department of Physics,
who reached age of retirement on October 31st, 1945, was re-appointed to June 30th, 1946.
MacDONALD, W. L., B.A. (Toronto), MA. (Wisconsin), Ph.D. (Harvard), Professor in the Department of
English, who reached age of retirement on March 18th, 1946, was re-appointed to June 30th,
1947. -        ,
DAVIDSON, JOHN, F.L.S., F.B.S.E, Associate Professor in the Department of Biology | and Botany, who
reached age of retirement on August 6th, 1945 was re-appointed to June 30th, 1946.
BUCK, FRANK E., B.S.A. (McGill), Lecturer in the Department Of Horticulture, was again re-appointed as
-   from April 1st, 1945 to June 30th, 1946.
Fifteen APPOINTMENT OF PROFESSORS EMERITI
The title of Professor Emeritus of Mineral Dressing was conferred on Mr. George A. Gillies;
the title of Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering was conferred "on Mr. A. Lighthall, and the title
of Emeritus Professor oi; Mining and Metallurgy was conferred on Mr. J. M. Turnbull,!
ELECTION OF REPRESENTATIVES OF SENATE '
ON THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS
On February 20th, Austin B. Schinbein, O.B.E., M.B., F.A.C.S., was elected as a representative
of Senate on the Board of Governors, replacing Dr. J. F. Walker. ■'■
On May 14th, 1946, Kenneth P. Cable, M.S.A., was elected as a representative of-Senate on
the Board of Governors to serve out the term of Mr. H. T. Logan,
INSTALLATION OF CHANCELLOR
-.'... - * -./
At the Autumn Congregation on October 31st, 1945, the Honourable Eric Werge Hamber, B.A.,
LL.D., was installed as Chancellor of The University of British Columbia by Colonel the Honourable
W. C. Woodward, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
HONORARY DEGREES CONFERRED
At the Autumn Congregation on October 31st, 1945, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws was
conferred on the following:       E ',.. ■. .
Henry John Cody, MA, D.D., LL.D., F.R.S.C.,.Chancellor of the University of Toronto.
Hugh Llewellyn Keenleyside, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Canadian Ambassador to Mexico.
-Major General Harry Fgrnham Germaine Letson, C.B.E., M.C, E.D., B.Sc, Ph.D;, Head of the Canadian Joint Staff, Washington, D.C.
'   Brigadier Sherwood Lett, D.S.O., M.C,' E.D., B.A.
,,      ' Brigadier William C Murphy, C.B.E., D.S.O., E.D., B.A.
Air Commodore  John Lawrence Plant.  B.A.Sc, Department of National Defence for Air.
Norman Alexander Robertson, B.A., Under Secretary of State.for External Affairs.
Phyllis Gregory Ross, B.A., M.A.
Lieutenant Commander Gordon Wilson Stead, D.S.C. and Bar, B.Com., B.A. -     ■■       '
Degree of Doctor.of Science: '
Colonel Percy Munson Barr,1 O.B.E., B.A.Sc, M.F., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Forestry, University of California.
V''      George Michael Volkoff, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Physics, University of British
Columbia, Research Physicist, National Research Council.
A^the Spring Congregation on May 16th, 1946, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred on the follpwing:
Lawren Harris, National:-.President of the Federation of Canadian Artists.
Degree ^of, Doctor of Science:
John Hubert Craige, A.B., M.S., Ph.D., Dominion Botanist.
Richard Claxton Palmer, B.S.A., M.S.A, Superintendent of the Dominion Experimental Station,
Summerland, B. C.
NOTICE OF APPOINTMENTS
Dr. Norman A.'M. MacKenzie was elected President of the National Conference of Canadian Universities.
Professor H. F. Angus^ Head of the Department of Economics, Political Science and Sociology, was
elected Secretary of the^ National Conference of Canadian Universities.
Dr. H. J. McLeod; Head of-the Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, was elected Fellow of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.
Dr. M. -Y. Williams, Head of the Department-of Geology and Geography, Was elected Second Vice-
President of the Geological Society.-of America.
■    v Sixteen    ' Professor F. H. Soward, Director of International Studies, was elected Vice-President of the Canadian
Historical Society.
Dr. Margaret A. Ormsby, Assistant-Professor of History, was elected Editor of the publications of the
Okanagan Historical Society.
Dr. W. N. Sage, Head of the Department of History, was elected Vice-President ol the Charapkrin
Society. •:■'.' ■'
Miss Dorothy P. Lefebvre, Acting Head of the' Department of Home Economics, was made a Director
of the, Canadian Dietetic Association. - *     .
Miss Charlotte S. Black, Assistant Professor of Home Economics, was elected Chairman of the Education Committee ■ of the Canadian Home Economics Association. ;
Professor S. N. F.1 Chant, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Psychology; was appointed by
Order in Council to the Advisory Committee on University Training for Veterans; elected Chairman of the newly-formed Association of Veterans' Counsellors in Canadian Universities; elected
President of the Canadian Psychological Association. ^ -
Dr. G. M. Shrum was re-appointed a member of the National Research Council for a period'of three
years. . -. > . i
Miss Marjorie J. Smith, Head of the Department of Social Work, was elected member of the Execu-
x five Committee of the Canadian Conference on Social Work.
Dr. Ian McTaggart Cowan, Professor of Zoology, was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
and Regional Representative for the newly-established Canada and Alaska Division'Exsf the
American Wildlife Society.
Professor J. E. Liersch, Head of the Department of Forestry, was elected to the Council, of the Association of Professional Engineers of B. C; elected Chairman of the Vancouver Section of1 the Canadian Society of Forest Engineers; elected Vice-Chairman for B. C. on the Puget Souh'd Section-
of the Society of American Foresters. '"..._
'Miss H- E. Mallory, Associate Professor of Nursing and Health, was elected Second Vice-President id
the Canadian Nurses' Association. " E '
OBITUARIES
MR. W. J. SPENCER
The University expresses its sense of loss in regretfully recording the death of- d valued member
of the Senate, Mr. John William Spencer of Victoria    He was a man of beneficient
a warmly sympathetic supporter Of University interests.
public 'spirit" and
CAPTAIN JOHN F. BELL
Captain John'F. Bell, O.B.E., R.N., gave highly efficient serv:
■ and assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical^
accept .leave -of
For sixteen years Captain John 'F. Bell, O.B.E., R.N., gave highly efficient service to-the Uni^Sr?
sity as instructor, lecturer and assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical *ctnd Electrical Engineering. Although due for retirement in August of 1940, Captain Bell chose to
absence in March of that same year in order to return to the Royal Canadian Navy in which service
he had spent many years prior to his appointment to the University. He; was a man of wide interests,
and he. held a high and popular place in the lives of the 'students and all the staff.
MR. JOHN B. MITCHELL
Student friend, guide and confident, Mr. John B. Mitchell died suddenly on-his beloved campus
in the summer of this year. "Mitch" had been proctor of the Brock' Memorial Hall from its opening
in 1940. In those six short years he became a well-known and populaj figure .at fie University; to
many he was part of a tradition. His place within the inner circle of Brock .Hall life was recognized
by his honorary membership in several of the largerclubs whose activities were centered there.
Seventeen ..'n?
Report o£ The Registrar
REGISTHATIDN-1945-194B-
REGULAR SESSION
FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE Men Women Total
First Year      -       -       -       - .     -      -     . -       -       - 1,255 314 1,569
First Year Home Economics        ----- __ 46 46
Second Year         -       -       -      .-       -       -       -       - 566 274 840
Second Year Commerce      -       -       ...       - 231 18 248
Second Year Home Economics                    -       -       - — 54 54
Third Year    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -.      r 212 188 400
Third Year Commerce         -       -.     -       -       -  •    - 114 \1 126
Third Year Home Economics      - —-33 33
Fourth Year          -       -       -       -       - 130 136 266
Fourth Year Commerce       ------ 55 13 68
Fourth Year Home Economics    -       -       -       -       - — 15 15
Graduates     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       - 146 43 189
Social Work—Degree Course      -       -       -       -  ■    - 8 30 38
Diploma Course   -       -       -       -    ■  - ■         .6 23 29
Teacher Training Course     -  27 19 46 ^
Directed Reading Courses  56 44 100
Less Double Registrations (D.R.C.)       -       -       - —10 —2 —12
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE
Second Year
Third Year    -
Fourth Year -       ■       -
Fifth Year
Graduates     -       -
NURSING
Second Year
Third Year    -
Fourth Year
Fifth Year
Sixth Year
Certificate Course
2,812       1,244
Total
1,615
1,143
559
349
189
67
46
529
1
530
186
2
188
138
	
138
136
	
136
30
30
23
23
13
13
12
12
14
14
21  ' .
21
45
45
4,056
1,022
128
Eighteen / - .,
< ' N.
\-  -'^   \   '(
'       I
,     /      '-  ,
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
„     Ftot Year     -      -
Spcond Year        -       -
Third; Year   >      ~
Fotarth Year -      *■■
^rctducttes     -
Occupational Course   -
Rehctbilitation Course , -
\     ■   -
' < '    ■   ■
FACULTY OF- LAW
Degree Students.,-' -
Non-degree Students -
Graduate
TOTALS        -       -      -      -
SPECIAL SPRING SESSION, 1945
EX-SERVICE PERSONNEL
FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
All Years      -       -       -       ...
SUMMER SESSION, 1945
All Years      -	
»
Botany Evening Class, 1945-1946       -
SPECIAL WINTER SESSION-1946
FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
First Year      -       -
Second Year - -       -
Upper Years -       -  . ■  -       -       -
Teacher Training -       -       -       -       -       -
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE
All Years      -       -       -       -    • - -
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
All Years—Degree Course
. Occupational        -       -
\  -
FACULTY OF LAW
Non-degree Student
TOTALS        -       -  ,    -
273
596
33
1
61
46
28
1
1,034
\
Men
Women
80
18
76
18
36
7
31
26
4
22
4
1
1 '■
67
3
12
3
1
4,16,7       1,455
265
30
), jjH^I iii
\
\
\
1*
rofal
/
, E
98
*                \
94
"■;■! ' v
*
43
*        ,   '
38
-
\
30
;           )
26
, ■.- ■-
'■  :-T   '
330
-
70
'
15
E
1
86
'   ■
\
278
861
63
581
40
621
272
21
293
44
1
45
61
48
28
1
5,622
278
861
63
959
1
61
76
1
64
1,098
SPECIAL SPRING SESSION - 194B      Total
SUMMER SESSION -1946
Total
Nineteen
2014
2368
Y NATIONALITIES OF STUDENTS
1 (Racial Origins)
NOTE:—This list does not include Teacher Training, Directed
and Teaching and Supervision (Nursing) Students.
FIRST    TERM
American    ------     97
Armenian   -   -   -   -   -   -       2
Australian       -   -   -   -   -       6
Austrian     -   -   - *-   -   - '     6
Belgian  ----.---       4
British     -------   593
Canadian   -   -   -   -.  -   - 1476
1945-1946
Reading Course, Public Health Nursing,
Chinese
Croatian
Czech
Danish
Dutch
59
1
7
15
20
English  -   -   -   - .-   -   - 1222
Finnish   -  10
French  12
French-Canadian     -   -   - 7
American   ------ 22
British     ------- 124
Canadian   ------ 293
Chinese         1
Czecho-Slovak     -   -   -   - 4
Danish    ------- 4
English   ------- 230
Finnish  ------- 1
French    ------- 8
French-Canadian     -   -   -       4
German      - •
Greek     -   - ■
Hebrew       - ■
Hungarian
Icelandic     - ■
Indian (East) ■
Indian (N.A.) ■
Irish   -    -   - ■
Italian    -   - -
Lithuanian - •
Latvian -   - -
Montenegran
Newfoundland
Norwegian
Polish     -   - ■
Roumanian
SECOND   TERM
German      ------
Greek     -------
Hebrew -------
Hollander   ------
Hungarian -	
Icelandic :
Irish   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -
Italian    --------
New Zealand	
Norwegian      	
Polish     -------
20
15
31
. 6
15
2
1
300
29
1
1
1
4
47
24
1
7
2
1
7
3
2
64
6
1
8
9
Russian         45
Salvador     ------ 1
Scotch    -   -   -   -   -   -   - 727
Serbian       ------ 1
Slovak    - i -----   - 1
South African      -   -   -   - 1
Swedish      -   -   -   -   -   - 51
Swiss      ------- 9
Syrian    --,--.---■    2
Ukrainian   ------ 30
Welsh     ------- 50
Yugoslavian  7
Unspecified     -   -   -   -   - 483
Total    ------ 5443
Russian        8
Scotch    -------    146
Spanish
Swedish
Ukrainian
Welsh     -
Yugo-Slav
1
6
12
6
1
Unspecified     -   -   -   -   -    116
Total
1097
GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS
Regular Session, 1945 -1946
Vancouver
3084
FROM POINTS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA OUTSIDE OF VANCOUVER
Abbotsford
Agassiz -   -
Alberni -   -
Albion    -   -
Aldergrove
Alert Bay   -
Allenby
Argenta
Armstrong
Arrow Park
Ashcroft
Atchelitz
Atlin   -   -   -
Baldonnel   -
Bamberton
Barriere
Bella Coola
Birch Island
Bloedel  -   -
18
4
6
1
6
2
3
1
12
1
4
1
1
2
Bonnington Falls
Boston Bar      -   -
Bradner •    -   -   -
Brighouse    -   -   -
Britannia Beach -
2
2
3
5
11
Burnaby  26
- -   - 3
.   -   . 4
.... l
- -   - 2
... i
- -   - 3
- -   - 2
.   -   - l
.   -   . l
.   -   - l
... i
.   -   - 4
... i
Cadboro Bay - -
Campbell River -
Canyon       -   *- -
Capilano     -   - -
Cassidy       -   - -
Castlegar    -   - -
Caplfeild     -   - -
Cawston     -   - -
Cecil Lake -    - -
Cee Pee Cee   - -
Celista    -   -   - -
Chapman Camp
Chase     -   -   . -
Chemainus      - -
Chilliwack       - -
Clayburn    -   - -
Cloverdale      - -
Coalmont    -   - -
Cobble Hill     - -
Comox    -   -   - -
Cordova Bay
Courtenay       - -
Cowichan Lake -
Cowichan Station
Cranbrook -   - -
Crescent Beach -
Creston   -   -   - -
Cultus Lake    - -
Cumberland    - -
Dawson Creek -
Denman Island -
Deroche      -   - -
6
47
1
22
1
3
9
1
16
3
1
17
2
10
2
4
i
i
Twenty /*
(
Dewdney;   -   -   ■-,..... -   -   - 1
Drynoch      -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Duncan       --,,-'/.-■.,'■ -   J   - 27
Ebusfne   -   -   -   -   -v-   - 43
Edgewood       -   - >   -   - 1
Elsona1:-. v -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Erriri&ton / -'.. -7 -   -   -   - 1
Esquimalt   '-   -   -   -   -   - 3
Essoncble P.O. -*■"-■ -   - 1
Evelyn    -   -   -   - /-   -   - 1
Falkland     -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Fanny 3ay      -   -   -   -   - 1
Fernie     -   -  7
Field       -   ------ 1.
Fort Fraser      ----- 1
Fort Langley   -   -   -        - 4
Fraser Lake    -   -.-'-■■- ^
Fraser Mills    ----- 1
Galena -   - 1
GalianO'Island    -   -   -   - 2
Gang Ranch   ----- i
Ganges        - 6
Gibson's Landing    -   -   - 3
Gladwin      ------ 1
Glen Valley   ----- 1
Grand Forks  12
Grantham's Landing   -   - 2
Gray Creek     -   -   -   -   - 1
Great Central Lake     -   - 3
Greenwood  2
Grindrod     ------ 1
Groundbirch  1
Haney    ------- 5
Hatzic     ------- 1
Hazelton     ------ 1
Headquarters   .----' 2
Hedley   ------- 6
Hillier     ------- 1
Hollybum   -   -   -   -   -   - 27
Hope       -   -   -   -   -   -,'-■' 5
Horsefly      ---*--- 1
Invermere  -   -   -   -   -   - 3
loco    -   -   ■  8
Kaleden      ------ 1
Kamloops   ------ 41
Kaslo      -  1
Kelowna     ------ 36
Keremeos  .------ 3
Kimberley  -   -   -   -   -   - 26
Koksilah      ------ 1
Kyuquot      ------ \
Ladner   - < -   - ' - >   -. - 24
Lang Bay   ------ 1
Langford     -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Langley Prairie   -   -   -   - 12
Lillooet   -   -   - •-   -   -   - 1
Lochdale     ------ 7
Lumby    ------- 2
Lynn Creek     -.-■--   - 1
Lytton     -   -   -   -   -   -   - 2
■/
Maillardville..-   -   -.   -   .- 3
Marysville       -   -   -   -   - .2
Matsqui.;"■■"-'■:'-.. -   -   -   - 5
Mayne Island     -   -   -   - 1 '
Merritt    -;" - r   -   -   -   - 5
Mesachie, Lake   -   -   -   - 1
Milner    -   -   -   -   -   -   -• 10
Mirror Lake  1
Mission City'  -   -   -   -   - 13
Monte Lake    ----- 1
Mt. Lehman    -   -   -   -   - 3
Murray ville     -   -   -   -   - 2
Nakusp       -----. 6
Nanaimo    -   -   -   -   -   - 55
Nanoose Bay      -   -   -   - 1
Naramata   ------ 2
Nelson    -   -   -   -  -   -   - 45
New Denver   ----- 4
New Westminster   -   -   - 322
North Bend     ----- 1
North Vancouver     -   - 122
Ocean Falls  11
Okanagan Centre   -   -   - 1
Okanagan Falls      -   -   - 2
Okanagan Landing     -   - 1
Oliver     ------- 11
Osoyoos     ------ 1
Oyama       ------ 1
Parksville   ------ 7
Peachland         4
Pender Island     -   -   -   - 1
Penticton     ------ 44
Pioneer -   - 2
Pouce Coupe       -   -   -   - 1
Port Alberni    ----- 22
Port Albion     ----- 1
Port Alice   ------ 3
Port Coquitlam    -    -   -   - .    7
Port Hammond    -   -   -   - 4
Port Hardy ------ 1
Port Kells    ------ 2
Port Mellon     ----- 1
Port Moody    ----- 2
Port Washington     -   -   - 3
Powell River   ----- 25
Premier         1
Prince George    -   -   -   - 9
Prince Rupert      -   -   -   - 20
Princeton     ------ 8
Qualicum    ------ 5
Queen's Bay   ----- 1
Quesnel       - 7
Radium Hot Springs    -   - 1
Redonda Bay      -   -    -    - 1
Revelstoke       ----- 21
Riondel  ------- 2
Roberts Creek     -   -   -   - 1
Robson   ------- 1
Rock Creek     ----- 1
Rossland     -   -   -   -    -    - 7
.    ' Twenty-one
Rounds      .,-   -   -   -   -    - 1
Royal Oak      -.. -,   -   - • - 5
Royston       -   -   -   -   -   - 4
Rutland       -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Roycroft      -   -   -   -   \-   - 1
Saanich      -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Saanichton      -   -    -   -   - 5
Salmo     -   -   -   ,-   -   -   - 1
Salmon Arm   -   -   -   -    - 12
Sandwick    -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Sardis     ------- 19
Savona -   -   -   -   -   -   - 2
Sayward     -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Sechelt   ------- 2
Shawnigdn Lake     -    -   - 3
Shearer Dale -   -        -   - \
Shelley        -   -■  -   -   -   - 1
Sherman     ------ 3
Shoreacres      -,-.'-   -.   - 2
Sidney    -   - . -   -   -   -    - 9
Silverton     ------ 1
Slocan    ------- 1
Smithers      -   -    -   -.'-"- v 10
Sointula      -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Sooke     - .-   -   -   -   - • - 3
Sorrento      -   t   -   -   -   - 1
Squamish   -    -   -   -   -   - 2
Stave Falls     -   -   -   -   - * I
Steveston    - • -   -   -   -   - 13
Stewart       -.-----. 2
Stillwater    -   -   - , -   -   - 1
Summerland        -   -   - • - 3
West Summerland -   -   - 6
Surrey Centre     -..-'■-   - 1
Tappen         - 1
Terrace   ------- 4
Thetis Island   -   -   -   -   - 1
Thrums  -  1
Trahquille   ------ 1
Trail   ------   -   - 41
Ucluelet      -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Vanderhoof     -   -   -   -   - 1
Vernon   ------- 33
Victoria       -   -   -   -   -   -   303
Waldo    n   -   -   -   -   -,   - 1
Wells     ------- 2
Westbank   ------ 1
West Vancouver     -    -    - 69
West view    -   - , -   -   -   - 6
White Rock    -   -   -   -   - 19
Whqrmock       ----- 3
Williams Lake    -   -   -   - 1
Willow River   -   -.'-,-   - 1
Winter Harbor    -   -   -   - 1
Woodfibre  ------ 1
Yarrow   -   -.----- 3
Youbou  -■-   ------ 1
Unspecified     -.. -   -   -   - 29
/.
21.45 - E
"•" v/v.
. ,/ 1     '   v
1    '   E V ', 1''"
, '     t*        , /   \    '>' '*.
FROM POINTS IN CANADA OUTSIDE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
OUTSIDE B C ..
Alberta       - >
Manitoba    -   -
N^w Brunswick
Nova Scotia    -
British West Indies -
China     -   -   -   -   -
156
3d
1 12
5
2
1
Ontario -   -   -   -   -   -
Prince Edward Island -
)uebec     \-   -   -   -   -
Saskatchewan  ,.-,-■"-
Alaska   -   -   -   — -   -
32
2
9
101
1
FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
England      -   -
South America
2
1
TOTAL   -   -   - .-   - .-   - 5622
Newfoundland    -   -
North West Territories
Yukon    .-'.-..-   -   -
United States
3
2
4
365
22
28
Abbotsford - -
Agassiz       - - ■*
Alberni -   - - -
Aldergrove - -
Armstrong - - \ -
Arras      -   - - -
Ashcroft      - - -
Bella Coola - -
Bralorne   ' -.  - -
Brighouse. - - -
Burns Lake - -
Burnaby     - -. -
Burquitlam - -
Cadboro Bay - -
Camp Lister ! - -
Campbell River
Caulfeild    - - -
Castlegar   - -
Cedar P. O. - -
Chemainus -' -
Chilliwack - -
Cloverdale - -
Cobble Hill '- -
Coghlan    < ~ ■ -. -
Comox   •<   - - -
Coombs      - - -
Courtenay - -
Cowichan Station
Cranbrook - -
Cumberland - -
Dawson Credk -
Deep Cove
Duncan       -
Eburne   -   - - -
Enderby      - - -
Esquimalt   - - -
Falkland     - - -
Fernie     -   - - -
Field       -   -
Fort St. John - * -
SPECIAL WINTER SESSION — 1946
Vancouver      -.---- 494
6        Gabriola Island -   -   -   - 1
2 Ganges  4
1 Golden   - ■ -   -   -   -   -   - 1
3 Grand Forks   ----- 3
2 Greenwood     ----- 2
Haney    ------- 2
Harrop   ------- 1
. Hatzic     -  1
Headquarters       -   -.  -   - 1
Hedley   ------- 2
Hollyburn   ------ 3
Horseshoe Bay   -   -   -   - 2
loco -   -   - 2
James Island  1
Kaslo      ------- l
Kamloops   ------ 2
Kelowna  11
2        Kimberley   ------ 7
1 Ladner   -  5
2 Lady smith -   ----- 3
16      , Lytton  1
4 Maillardville   ----- 1
3 Matsqui        1
2        Michel -   - 3
2 Milner    ------- 4
1         Mission City   ----- 2
4 Nanaimo'  3
1         Narcrmata  2
3 Nelson    -  7
1 •       New Westminster   -   -   - 67
3         Northlands      -   -   -   -   - 1
1         North Vancouver    -   -   - . 24
6        Ocean Falls  1
1         Okanagan Landing     -   - 1
1         Oliver     ------- 1
1         Osoyoos     ------ l
1         Parksville   -.  3
6         Penticton     *-■---- 13
1         Port Alice   ------ 2
1         Port Coquitlam   -   -   -   - .     1
TOTAL   -   -   -   -   - ,   -   970
1   Twenty-two
Port Essington     -   -   -   - 1
Port Hammond    -   -   -   - 1
Powell River  7
Prince George     -   -   -   - 5
Prince Rupert      -   -   -   - 10
Princeton    -  1
Qualicum Beach     ---..- 2
Robson   -   -   -   -   -   -   - 2
Rosedale     -   -.-'-.-   - . 1
Rossland    ------ 1
Royston      ------ 1
Saanichton  1
Salmon Arm   -   --.-.- 5
Sardis  3
Sechelt  1
Sidney   ------- 4
South Slocan  ----- 1
Smithers     -   -   -   -   .   - 2
Sointula      ------ 1
Sooke     - ' -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Sorrento      ------ 1
Squamish   ->----- 1
Steveston    ------ 1
Sumas    ------- 1
Summerland   ----- 1
West Vancouver     -   -   - 15
Terrace -   - 3
Trail   -   -  12
Union Bay -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Vernon   -----   -   - 6
Victoria         54
Wellington      -   -   - ■ -   - 3
Westview   ------ 1
White Rock    -   -   -   -   - 4
Williams Lake    -   -   -   - 1
Yarrow   -   -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Youbou -   -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Unspecified     -   -   -   -   - 26
476 Alberta - - —
Manitoba - -
New Brunswick
FROM POINTS IN CANADA OUTSIDE OF* BRITISH COLUMBIA
--.--       2        Quebec -   •
51 Nova Scotia   -
7        Ontario -   -   -
1        Saskatchewan
16
36
116
Cyprus   -   -
England
United States
FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
TOTAL
,- 1098
OCCUPATION 0E PARENTS
1945 -1946
NOTE:—This list does not include Teacher Training, Directed Reading Course, Public Health Nursing,
and Teaching and Supervision (Nursing) Students.
Deceased,   -   -   -   -   -   - 699
Retired -   - 391
Unspecified     -   -   -   -   - 228
Accountant      -   -   -   -E's- 132
Advertising     -   -   -   -   - 6
Agent     ------- 108
Aircraft ------- 8
Air Force   ------ 21
Analyst      -  1
Annuities    -   - _-,  -   - ""- 1
Apiarist       -   - "-   -   -   - 1
Architect     .   i   .   -   .   - 13
Army      ,----.-- 74
Artist      ------- 8
Assessor     -  4
Attendant   -----,- 5
Auditor   ------- 9
Baker      -   - ' -   ;-   -   ■£ - 14
Banker    ---,--:- 26
Barber    -   -   -  .-.   -   -   r 17
Barrister      -  29
Bartender   ------ 1
Bill Collector E-  --'-.-   - 1'-
Biochemist       -   -   -   -   - 1
Blacksmith      ----- 12
Boilermaker    -   -   -   -   - 5
Bookkeeper     ----- 23
Bricklayer -   -   -• -   -   - 4
Bridgeman      ---'-.- 3
Broker    -  .-   -   -   -   -■' - 30
Builder   ------- 24
V -   - 38
- -  - ' 10
- -   - 16'
- -   - ,10
- -   - 1
- -   - 2
T
Business - -
Butcher - - -
Buyer - - - -
Cabinet-maker
Conner - -■ -
Captain - -
Car Cleaner   -
Caretaker
Carpenter
Cashier E
Chairman
Chauffeur   -
Checker
Chemist
Chiropodist
Chiropractor
Civic Servant
Civil Servant
Clergyman
Clerk      -   -
Clothier
Coffee Expert
Comptroller
\
5
92
1
1
1
1
6
2
2
9
93
13
105
1
1
5
Conductor -   - -----   -. - 23
Consul.   ------- I
Contractor  ---.--- 95
Cook      .   -----   - 11
Cooper   -   -E'E:,-E-   -   - ■   4
Cow-tester   -"'-■;"-"''-   -   - 1
Customs      -V-'E-   -   -' - 13
Dairyman   E  -'   -   -   -   - 14
Dealer ------   ^   -   - 14
Decorator    -   - • -   -   -   -....'11
Dental Technician   -   -   - 1
Dentist    ----*-- 33
Designer - 4
Despatcher  2
Detective     ------ 4
Die Maker ------
Director       ------ l
Diplomatic Corps    :   -   - ■•
Disabled ,------
Displaymdn '
Distiller  -------
Distributor   -  5
Doctor    -  .-'■ ----- 97
Draftsman  ------ 5
Driver -   - 9
Druggist      ------ 24
Dry Cleaner   ----- 3
D. V. A. -   - 3
Dyer'      -  1
Editor     -  3
Electrician ------ 42
Electro-plater       -   -   -   - 1
Employee (misc.)     -   -   - 65
Engineer     -   -   -   -   -   - 276
Engraver     ------ 4
Evaluator   ---<--- 1
Executive    ------ 15
Exporter      ------ 11
Factory Worker  -   -   -   - 5
Fanner   -   -  243
Financier    ------ 1
Fireman      :   -   -   -\ -   - 21
Fisherman    --   -   -   -   - 18
Fitter      ------- 16
Floorlayer   ------ 1
Florist     -------- 4
Foreman     ------ 38
Forester      >■   -   -   - - -   - 2
Forest Ranger     -   -   -   - 4
Foundry Owner -   -   -   - 1
Fruit Grower   ----- 16
Fuel Dealer    ----- l
Fumaceman  1
Furrier    -  2
Game Commissioner   -   - 1
Garageman    ----- 16
Gardener    ------ 2
Geologist    --.---,•- 2
Golfer (Pro.)    -   - \-   - ' - 1
Greenkeeper   -   -   -   -•:- ,2
Grocer    -------, 21
Guard     -   -   -.-.-'-   - 6
Twenty-three Harbour Board ' -'  -   r  ■- 1
Hairdresser     -   -   -   -    - 1
Hoistman    ------ 1
Hostler    -   -   -   -   -   -   - 1
Hotelman    ------ 8
Housing Admin. -   -   -   - 1
Importer      -    -   -   -   -   - 9
Inspector     -   -   -   -   -   - 53
Insurance   ------ 38
Investigator     -   -   -   -   - 7
Interpreter   -  1
Invalid    ------- 6
Janitor     -    -   -   -   -   -   - 9
Jeweller      ------ 5
Jiggerman -  1
Joiner      ------- 2
Journalist    ------ 3
Judge      ------- 6
Justice     ------- 3
Labourer     -  38
Landlord     -   -    -    -   -   - 12
Lather     - - 2
Laundryman   ----- 1
Lawyer         62
Lecturer       -  3
Liaison Officer    -   -   -   - 2
Librarian  4
Liquor Vendor     -   -   -   - ,2
Lineman      ------ 4
Logger    -   -  26
Longshoreman    -    -   -   r 5
Lumberman     -   -   -   -   - 36
Machinist  53
Magistrate      ----- 1
Maintenanceman    -   -   - 6
Manager     -   -   -   -   -   - 210
Manufacturer      -   -   -   - 31
Market Commissioner      - 1
Mariner (Master)     -   -   - 10
Mason    -  1
Meat Packer   :   -'-.-'- 3
Mechanic    -  40
Member Parliament     -   - 1
Merchant    ------ 147
Metal Worker    , - . -   -   - 9
Metallurgist     - >   -   -   - 6
Meteorologist  -   -   -   '-   - 1
Meter Reader '--.-- 2
Milk Tester     ----- 1
Mill Owner     ----- 19
Miller      ------- 1
Millwright   -   -   -    - .-   - 10
Miner      -   -   -   -   -    -    - 23
Mine Owner   ----- 1
Minister       -    -    -   r    -, - 40
Minister of Education  -   - 1
Missionary      -   -   -   -   - '   3
Motorman   ------ 4
Moulder      ------ 5
Musician     -    -    -   -   -   - 5
National Film -Board    -   - 1
Navy      -   -   -   -   -   -   - 14
Newspaperman  -   -    -   - 3
Notary    -   -   -   -   -   -   - 3
Nurseryman    ----- 5
Officers (Government)      - 14
Operator (Miscellaneous) 43
Optician      ------ 12
Orchardist  2
Orderly       ------ 2
Organizer   ------ 1
Painter  11
Papermaker    ----- 8
Pathologist        1
Patternmaker  ----- 4
Pensioner    ------ 28
Petroleum Processor    -   - 1
Photographer ----- 2
Physiotherapist    -   -   -   - 2
Piano Tuner  1
Pilot -   -   . l
Planter - 1
Plasterer     ------ g
Plumber      ------' v 12
Policeman  10
Porter -   - 1
Postman  12
Postmaster       -   -   -   -   - 13
Poultryman     ----- 7
President     ------ 8
Principal  15
Printer  21
Professor     -  16
Projectionist     ----- 3
Publisher  5
Public Relations -   -   -   - 1
Purser     -  2
Radio      ------- 2
Railway      -   -   -   -   -   - 17
Rancher      ------ 25
R. CM. P.  1
Real Estate     ----- 34
Reeve     ------- l
Repairman        7
Restauranteur      -   -   -   - 2
Roadmaster     ----- 3
Sacristan    ------ 1
Salesman    -   -   -   -   -   - 120
Sawfiler      -    -   -   -   -   - 5
Sawyer  -   -   -   -   -   -   - 6
Scaler     ------- 2
Secretary    -  21
^heetmetal Worker
Shipper  -   -   -   -
Ship's Officer -   -   - -
Shipwright       -   -   - -
Shipyard Worker    - •-
Shoemaker      -
Sign Writer     -   -   - -
Smelterman    -   -   - -
Statistician      -   -   - -
Stenographer -   -   - -
Stereotyper     -   -   - -
Storekeeper     -   -   - -
Steward ,	
Supervisor       -   -   - -
Superintendent    -   - -
Sugar Boiler   -   -   - -
Surveyor     -   -   -   - -
Stevedore   -   -   -   - -
Tailor      ------
Tallyman	
Tanner    -   -   -   -   - -
Taxi Operator     -   - -
Teacher       -   -   -   - -
Technical Advisor   - -
Telegrapher    -   -   - -
Telephony -   -   -   - -
Timber Cruiser    -   - -
Timekeeper     -   -   - -
Toolsmith    -   -   -   - -
Transportation     -   - -
Treasurer	
Towing Operator     - -
Trimmerman ~-    -   - -
Typographer   -   -   - -
Utility man	
Unemployed, -   -   - -
Veterinary       -   -   - -
Waiter    -   -   -   -   - -
Warden      -   -   -   - -
Warehouseman  -   - -
Watchmaker   -   -   - -
Watchman      -   -   - -
Weightman     -    -   - -
Welder  -.
Welfare Officer   -   - -
Wholesaler      -    -   - -
Writer     ------
Wharfinger     -   -   - -
Wheelpress Operator -
Wireless      -   -   -   - -
X-ray Specialist -   - -
Zoologist	
6
17 *
2
10
23
3
1
6
1
4
1
5
7
11
57
1
9
3
8
1
'2
1
90
2
11
1
5
3
2
8
1
•1
1
1
1
2
1
2
"2
5
4
3
1
8
3
15
2
TOTAL   --.-.-   -   - . - 5443
Twenty-four SECOND TERM STUDENTS - Occupation of Parents
Deceased
Retired -
Unspecified
Accountant - - - - -
Advisor (Legal) - - - -
Agents   -   -   -   -   -
Air Force	
Army      - -
Assayer      	
Auditor   -   -   -   -   -   -   -
Banker    -   -
Barber    -	
Bartender    ------
Blacksmith      -   -   -   -   -
Boatman     -   -   -   -
Boilermaker    -   -   -   -   -
Bookkeeper	
Box Maker -
Bridgeman      	
Business	
Builder	
Butcher   - ■	
Buyer (Grain) - - - - -
Cabinet Maker   -   -   -   -
Carpenter	
Caretaker	
Cement Finisher -   -   -   -
Checker       -
Chef	
Chemist        -
Civic Employee  -   -   -   -
Civil Servant	
Clerk      -------
Clothier       ------
Conductor   ------
Contractor	
Customs Officer -   -   -   -
Consultant (Income Tax) -
Cutter     -------
Dancer   -------
Dentist	
Dependent on Student
Director      ------
Draftsman       -   -   -   -   -
Driver (Truck)      -   -   -   -
Druggist      	
Editor -   .
Electrician -
Employees  (Government)
Employees (Railway)   -   ■
Engineer     -   -   -   -   -   -
Estimator    -   -   -   -   -   •
Executive    ------
Exporter (Lumber)    -    -   -
Farmer   --------
Fireman -_-_-.
Fire Chief	
162
94
70
33
1
9
2
9
2
3
3
4
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
3
5
1
1
3
31
4
1
1
4
1
3
23
18
2
11
17
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
o
/_»
4
6
2
4
5
15
50
1
2
1
70
1
1
First, Aid Attendant -   -   -
Field Officer C.V.T.     -   -
Fisherman       ---.--
Fish Buyer      -   - ' -   -   -
Florist     -------
Foreman     ------
Forest Ranger     -   -   -   -
Fruit Rancher      -   -   -   -
Fuel Business      -   -   -    -
Gardener    -   -   -   -,  -   -
Glassworker   -   -   -   -   -
Greenkeeper	
Grocer    -------
Grower (Oysters)     -   -   -
Guard	
Handwriting Expert - - -
Horticulturist   -   -   -   -   -
Hotelman	
Hotel Owner	
Importer	
Inspector	
Insurance   -	
Invalid	
Janitor    -   -	
Jeweller
Labourer	
Laundry owner   -   -   -   -
Lawyer   -   '	
Lab. Technician      -   -   '-
Lightkeeper	
Logger    -   -	
Longshoreman - - - -
Lumberman - - - - -
Machinist    ------
Manager	
Manufacturer - - - -
Mariner (Master)     -   -   -
Mason -   -
Mechanic    -       -   -   -   -
Merchant	
Mill Worker	
Millwright	
Miner     -------
Minister  -
Missionary      -   -   -   -   -
Mortician	
Moulder      ------
Musician -
Navy  -   -   -       -   -   -   •
Newspaperman   -   -   -   -
Operators   ------
Oil Company Employees
Owner (Resort)    -   -   -   -
Painter	
Papermaker    -   -   -   -
Pattern Maker     -   -   -   •
Pensioner   -   -   -   -
Physician    ------
2
1
3
1
1
14
1
6
5
2
1
1
5
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
13
4
1
3
1
18
1
7
1
1
4
1
8
11
29
3
7
1
7
15
5
4
9
12
1
1
1
1
4
1
3
2
1
2
2
1
2
12
Piano Tuner - - - -
Pipe Fitter	
Plasterer     -   -   ------
Plumber	
Policeman - - - -
Postmaster      -   -   -   -
President	
Printer - - - - - . -
Professor - - - - -
Prospector - - - - -
Projectionist - - - -
Principal (School) - -
Purchasing Agent - -
Rancher (Poultry) - -
Real Estate     -   -   -   -
Retailer       	
R. C. M. P. -   -   -   -   -
Reporter      ------
Roadmaster    -   -   -   -
Salesman	
Sales Engineer    -   -   -
Sawyer -   -   -   -   -   -
Secretary    -----
Scaler     ------
Shiftboss     -   -   -   -   -
Shipper ------
Shipwright       -   -   -   -
Shoe Cutter    -   -   -   -
Smelterman    -   -   -   -
Social Service     -   -   -
Shoe Repair   -   -   -   -
Stock Broker   -   -   -   -
Steel Worker      -   -   -
Storekeeper     -   -   -   -
Stenographer (Official)
Superintendent    -   -   -
Stevedore   -   -   -   -   -
Surveyor     -   -   -
Tailor     ------
Technician      -   -   -   -
Teacher      	
Teacher (Music) - - -
Telegrapher - - - -
Timekeeper     -   -   -   -
Transfer      	
Trimmer - - - - -
Underwriter - - - -
Veteran (Disabled) - -
Warehouseman - - -
Watchman - - - -
Wholesaler - - - -
Y.M.C.A. War Services
TOTAL   -   -   -   -   -   -
1
1
1
2
5
2
1
4
2
1
. 1
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
28
2
1
3
1
1
3
4
2
8
1
7
1
2
1
1
15
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
3
2
1
771
GRAND TOTAL
IS
Twenty-five COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS OF REGISTRATION
Year
1933-34
1934-35
1935-36
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
1940-41
194142
1942-43
1943-44
1944-45
1945-46
s and
ence^
plied
ence
S
W
o
"S 0
3
a
0> J}
1147
287'
48
63
1238
320
57
71
1337
336
. 68
80
1499
■■    366
47
95
1590
416
50
100
1634
419
59
117
1664
434
65
139
1724
466
60
166
1763
488
63
155
1744
522
98
140
1709
515
67
113
2098
546
112
147
4814       1083
128
(Ci
O
I
51
■8
Special Spring Session
406       87       67       47
Special Spring Session
Training
Course
Tota!
Winter
Session
Summer
Session
Short
Courses
Grand
Total
61
1606
370
124
2100
66
1652
377
165
2294
62
1883
464
278
2625
42
2049
566
306
2921
67
2223
650
279
3152
57
2286
659
290
3235
69
2371-
715
253
3339
71
2487
587
206
3280
68
2537
457
184
3178
34
2538
329
98
2965
26
2430
441
131
3002
20
2974
861
113
3948
on —
-Ex-Service Personnel -
278
6632       2368       151
Ex-ServicePersonnel
4226
9151
2014
11165
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF DEGREES CONFERRED
Year % £j
1934 11 204
October 6 36
1935 14 196
October 12 45
1936 15 175
October' 10 38
1937 21 190
October 9 54
1938 20 204
October 10 53
1939 19; 217
October 5 63
1940 30 212
October 6 62
1941 21 189
October 8- 73
1942 H 170
October 12     x   51
1943 13 167
October 8 51
1944 ■■-&■.,'■ 163
October 1 45
1945- 10 189
October 5 4-1
1,946 12 220
a
o
O
PQ
31
5
23
5
21.
1
28
8
31
3
22
6
37
7
26
9
52
1
31
1
37
4
43
4
54
-a
w
CQ
3
2
3
1
7
4
8
9
3
1
8
6
2
4
6
2
7
7
1
9
3
7
4
2
X   ■ '      <
CQ CQ
37
5
57
5
50
3
48
6
56
4
71
9
71
1
81
CO
— 82
— 2
— 92
— .      1
— 87
1
97
— 3
15       112  .
Twenty-six
l
3
2
3
1
3
• 5
o a
< 9
5
13
7
CO
PQ
<
CO
-12
2 —
1 —-
7. —
8 —
13 —
8 —
6 —
12 —
9 —■
1 —
8 —
19 37
4
1
2
5
3
7
1
3
4
1
3
1
2
3
2
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
<!
vi
m
12
3
19
1
16
2
14
1
19
5
22
2
18
3
19
26
5
25
4
24
3
19
5
32
o
t-
307
57
332
68
295
59
314
80
346
77
370
86
388
74
354
94
364
76
350
69
338
63
375
71
525
(-*   —-4
c5e2
3583
3640
3972
4040
4335
4394
4708
4788
5134
5211
5581
5667
6055
6129
6483
6577
6941
7017
7367
7436
7774
7837
8212
8283
8808
v H: /
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF DIPLOMAS ISSUED
Teacher
Year Training
1934 -     -     -----     - 61
October     -     -  3
1935 -------- 65
October  1
1936 -     -     -     -     -     -     -     - 60
October     -     -     -     -     -     -     - —
1937 -     - .   - ,   -     -     -     -     - 39
October     -     -     -     -     -     „     . 1
1938  65
October  —
1939 -------- 54
October  1
1940 -------- 66
October    -     -     -     -     -    . -     - 2
1941 -------- 68
October    ------- —
1942 - -     - 59
October  —
1943 . -     -     -     -     -     -     -   ■ - 28
October    -             —
1944 -     -     -     -     -     -     -     . 24
October    -     -     -     -     -     -     - 1 (June)
1945 -  21
October  —
1946 - -     - 45
Occupational
Public Health
Social
Course in
Nursing
Work
Agriculture
Totals
10
__;—
—
71
	
3      ,
—
6
15
3
3
86
	
7
	
8
15
	
	
75
	
12
	
12
16
	
4
59
5
19
	
25
18
1
3
87
2
15
	
17
14
2
4
74
1
24
    •
26
12
3
5
86
	
23
	
25
9
1
2
80
	
22
——..
22
10
4
4
77
1
17
	
18
27
2
	
57
——
12
—
12
29
8
——
61
1
24
■iii ■■*
26
32
1
3
57
2
18
	
20
39 (June)
	
18
102
HONORARY DEGREES CONFERRED
Year     - LL.D.
1930 ----- 1
1931  —
1932  2
1933 ----- 8
1934 -.---- 1
1935 ----- 2
1936 ----- 6
1937  1
1938 ----- 5
1939 ----- 3
1940'  1
1941  —
1942  4
1943 ----*—
(Honoris Causa)
Year
1944 (October)
1945 -  -  -
1945 (October)
1946 -  -  -
LL.D.  (Honoris Causa)
4
1
9
1
Total
Previous Years
1944 (D.Sc.)    -
1945 "
1946 "
GRAND TOTAL -
49
8
57
1
2
2
62
Twenty-seven LOCATION OF GRADUATES
OCTOBER, 1946
Number in:
Vancouver        -     -
Other parts of British Columbia
Other parts of Canada
Great Britain     -,,   -
United States of America   -
Other Countries      -
Number deceased -
Number whose address is unknown
3423
1909
614
59
287
58
220
1237
TOTAL     -     -     -     -     -."■-     -     -   7807
N.B.—These figures do not include originaT members of
Convocation.
SCHOLARSHIPS, PRIZES, FELLOWSHIPS, AND RURSARIES
During the year many scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries have been won by graduates of the
University. The following list does not include awards which have been made by the Senate of the
University of British Columbia.
Ainsworth, Allan H._
Akrigg, G. P. V^-l.
Bartholomew, G„_.E-
Bell, R. E .-_-.
Blissett, William,.
CarberU Leslie W _.
Creighton, Kenneth D^,
Clark, Robert— ,7.j,.v-	
Detwiller, Lloyd.^_^„..._._
English, Edward l. L-
English, Henry. , E.
Fieldhouse, Roger ,-„„.
Forster, John H...
Hammersley, Donald W-*
Harvey, James W. —
Hobden, Lloyd H	
Hood, James A. ..'.—.	
Ivey, D. G.—J—-,,,.'/.	
fohnsori, A. C , ,_:
McLeod, R. R..
Newton, Theodora I>uddeH_.<-
Ostle, Bernard.
Pepper, Thomas.
Pronger, Lester J..
Prowd, Lawrence.
Smith, Marjorie	
Smith, Wjlma	
Stanier, Roger Y,_
Stead, Gordon .L^.
Turner, David %-
.Rhodes Scholarship.-
-Folger Fellowship-
:. ■.       $1780 	
__r_-, _      $2500 English
..National Research .Council Studentship.—.. $750
.National Research; Council Studentship..—- $750
-Fellowship , -■_ —_^ _j—-—unknown
_Scholarship-
. Assistantship..
..Teaching Fellowship..
.. Assistantship . _
..Assistantship———
-Assistantship ,„ —
_ Assistantship..
7 $1000
- $1025
-unknown
Physics..
Physics..
English..
Economics i-ir—
Economies'——^
■&T
..Research Assistantship..
.. Scholarship.'. „
E'-iw*'
 afc!
-Assistantship!^ _ .—_     %$*$$
French Government Scholarship      /i.tEt^A
.French Government Scholarship       ■);„■».-,
.Research  Assistantship. .—   _   — jE"^^
.. Research Assistantship T_
..Research Assistantship— :  ,	
.National Research Council Pre-Doctoral
Fellowship.^——_ ...—1—. —
. Scholaiship-
- $1250-
- $1025
-Unknown
$1125
_ $1800
$750
$1025
$1000
$1000
$1800
$1800
$1800
Economics..
Economics _.
Economics..
Economics-
Physics	
Physics	
Economics-
French .
French .
Physics ,t
Physics  .
Physics —!_
—.Oxford University
—McGill University
.....McGill University
 University of Toronto
 ^Columbia University
.—.University of California
l—.Harvard University
.—-.University of California
—-University of California
 University of California
 University of California
 Purdue University  ■
.^-.University of Washington
J—University of California
—-University of Paris
..—University of Paris
—..Notre Dame University
.—.Purdue University
 Purdue University
..National Research Council Studentship	
.French Government Scholarship	
. Teaching Fellowship..
.. Assistantship..
_ZI_ Teaching Fellowship..
_ Guggenheim Fellowship-
.Assistantship..
-r\*'iftpt$il'<p4-
. American Wildlife Irfttitute-
Fellowship..
fM*
$1800
$600
$750
$1000
-unknown
$1025
$1125
$2500
$1025
Physics i	
Economics -_t University of "Minnesota
Physics .'. McGill University
French : _„ University of Paris
Economics
Economics
Statistics	
Bacteriology-
Economics-	
...^ — University of California
: University of California
.—University of California
 University of California
Wilson, Atholl  Teaching Fellowship..
$1500 Wildlife Survey..
$625    Mathematics—	
..University of,(Toronto
NOTE:-
-In many cases these scholarships and fellowships  carry* with them free tuition or exemption from fees (or
travelling expenses) in addition to their monetary value.
Value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our graduates in other Universities and in Institutes during the 1945-46 Session .
Total value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our  graduates  in  other Universities  and  in
Institutes since the first awards were made-in 1917  ,v_——_.—...: —-—■--,^-E.,^~>~~ ,	
$ 34,130.00
$781,939.00
Twenty-eight Report of
The Dean of The Faculty of Arts and Science
DEPARTMENT OF EIOLOGY AND ROTANY
EXTENSION OF COURSES
The student registration in this Department has increased considerably more than four times
during a two year period, as compared with the general University increase of three times. This
influx is attributable to the development of Forestry and Agriculture, the institution of Fisheries and
Pharmacy as regular courses, the extension of Nursing and Home Economics, the promise of the
establishment of Medicine and a new interest in life resources and in ways of living. The Department has attempted to prepare for this progress tending the facilities and augmenting the courses.
Four members of professorial rank and thirty-six- assistants have been added to the staff. Lecture
sections are large but individual attention is afforded in the laboratory. The Honours Course, Biology,
Forestry option has been replaced by participation in the B.S.F. course. An additional Honour course
in Ecology is planned for this year's Calendar. Although the staff is not sufficient to cope properly
with, the number of students the additions have made possible the, advantage of, providing specialists
in several branches of Biology and Botany. _
ACCOMMODATION
Two huts, with connecting room space, have been provided; thereby the" laboratory space has
been increased by 50 per cent. Obviously, the former inadequacy has been intensified eight fold by
a student increase exceeding 400 per cent. There are 20 laboratory sections in Biology I. During
the three years following this date the demand for laboratory space will be accentuated by the
'greater diversity of courses and laboratory time of the upper years. The proposed extension of
accommodation is an immediate requirement in order to satisfy the demand of students in the Biological Sciences.
EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES
A like situation is faced here, with the additional complication that a degree of duplication
results from the decentralization of laboratories, conditioned by the use of huts remote from the wing
of the building now occupied. Other huts, needed next year, will add at least one more locus of
operation.   A central building or group of buildings is the only economic solution.
The employment of Assistants during the summer to provide collections of class materials has
been initiated and should be extended. The provision of a field Station or Stations representative of
the distinctive areas of this Province would facilitate this service.
LIBRARY FACILITIES AND READING ROOM
The new wing of the library will contribute much needed reference facilities.- It is the unanimous opinion of members of this Department that books and periodical references beyond the purchasing expectancy of the student should be provided for each laboratory class. The fact that members of the Department have contributed in this direction at considerable personal timd and expense
presents concrete evidence of the sincerity of the demand. It is hoped that the library policy may
take cognizance of limited "Branch Libraries", or "Departmental Loans" as may be required for
laboratory or class reference.
EXECUTIVE CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES
President of B. C. Academy of Science—J. Allardyce.
/     Member of Executive Committee, Section V, Royal Society of, Canada—A. H. Hutchinson.
Executive Vancouver Natural History Society—John Davidson.
. Chairman, Provincial Advisory Committee on Medicinal Plants—John Davidson.
Member, Committee on Marine Plants, B. C. Research Council—A. H. Hutchinson.
Member, Forestry Committee, B. C. Research Council—A. H. Hutchinson.
Twenty-nine DEPARTMENT OF RACTERIOLOGY AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
ALTERATION IN COURSES
No new courses were given. For the first time, however Bacteriology I was given as a Summer School course, under the direction of Dr. D. C. B. Duff. The enrolment was 56, and the general
calibre of students enrolled was good. /
The practice begun last year of assigning a research problem to students in Bacteriology II (a
Third Year course in the methodology of research intended for prospective Honours students). was continued, and met with success.
ENROLMENT
The enrolment in all courses given by the D the lectures for Bacteriology I, and to arrange for
numbering 184. It became necessary to duplicate the lectures for Bacteriology I., and to arrange for
three laboratory sections.
Reference has been made for the past several years to critical overcrowding in the Department. Overcrowding in Bacteriology laboratories leads not only to inefficient teaching of proper techniques, which inevitably entails poorly trained students, but involves the risk of danger from infection.,
Moreover, with multiple sections having to be arranged for laboratory work, there is diminishing
opportunity left for those students who are particularly interested in extra-curricular work to pursue
these interests, since the laboratories are rarely free from class work. There is very real need for
considerably greater space for the Department for teaching functions alone, without regard to the
research obligations of staff and senior students.
RESEARCH WORK
As in the past ten years, close relationships were maintained between this Department, the
Provincial Laboratories, and the Western Division of Connaught Medical Research Laboratories. Notable examples of the benefits of this collaboration were found in the Salmonella investigations carried
out primarily by Dr. L. E. Ranta. Specimens initially identified in the Provincial Laboratories were
submitted to further investigation at the University, and important clues as to the modes of transmission and origins of these organisms, which have been causing, sporadic epidemics in Vancouver, and
indeed throughout the Province, during the past year, were thus disclosed.
Further work was undertaken by Dr. C. E. Dolman • on the rare Type E outbreak of botulism
which occurred in Nanaimo two years ago; and under a grant from the Board of Governors a former
Honours student of this Department, Miss C. L. Aszkanasy, B.A., was employed during the summer
months to continue with these investigations.
Reports on the results of the Salmonella and the botulism researches are being prepared and
will be published shortly.
Apart from the foregoing activities, Doctor Ranta continued to operate Ihe Salmonella Typing
Centre which is maintained by Connaught Medical Research Laboratories in its Western Division as
the typing centre for the whole of Canada. ' -'
Doctor Dolman maintained an active interest in staphylococcus food poisoning research.' A grant
from the National Research Council was renewed during the year for the purification of the food
poisoning substance (staphylococcus enterotoxin), and with the assistance of Miss J. E Wood, B.A.,
throughout the year, and of Mr. W. G. B. Casselman, M.A., during the summer months, valuable progress was made.
Doctor Duff was also the recipient of a grant from the National Research Council for. further
work on the toxins of Clostridium welchii (a gas gangrene micro-organism). He was assisted in this
work by Miss Frances Airey, B.A., and Mr. Gordon Bell, B.S.A.
During the year a fellowship donated by the Central Lions Club of Vancouver, for research
into cancer and virus diseases, was held by Mr. C. F. Claridge, B.A. The purpose of this fellowship
was to initiate graduate students into the techniques of elementary virus research. The Department
lacks appropriate accommodation and general facilties for advanced research in this field, but welcomes the opportunity conferred by "this generous act of the Lions Club to broaden its scope of training
and interests.
OTHER ACTIVITIES
The staff of the Department, as in the bast, gave various lectures on medical and other topics
to lay and professional bodies.
Thirty Doctor Duff continued as Consulting Pathologist to the Fisheries Research Board of Canada,
and Doctor Dolman ds Consulting Bacteriologist to the Vancouver General Hospital, while Doctor
Ranta served on the Technical Cbmmittee on Nutrition of the Greater Vancouver Metropolitan Health
Committee. Doctor Dolman remained a member of the Editorial Committee on Standard Methods for
the Examination of Dairy Products of the American Public Health Association, and continued as a
member of the Editorial Board and a Director of the Canadian Public Health Association.
For three months during the year Doctor Dolman was granted leave of absence, during which
he visited some thirty-three medical schools in Canada and the United States, this survey was carried out at the request of the Board of Govemorsof the University to get information as a preliminary
step to the possible establishment of a Faculty of Medicine at the University.
The Department was sorry to lose the services of Miss Marjorie Todd, M.A., who had been
Instructor for the past three years, and who left to take a fellowship and to pursue courses leading
to a Ph.D. degree at the University'of California.
RESEARCH
During the war much unpublished research was accomplished.  In spite of long class periods
many phases of research are being conducted by members of ;this Department.   These are in various stages of progress as indicated by the summary:
(1)   Research in progress, publication planned.
-  "On growth rates, life histories and conditions of culture of marine Algae, especially Gracilarid
confervoides," (agar producing), by A. H. Hutchinson, C. J. Wort, and R. W. Pillsbury.  ">
"A Comprehensive Report on the flora of the north shore of L.ake Superior," by T. M. C. Taylor.
"A species of SfemphyJium as part of the early blight complex  of  Solonaceous  Plants," by F.
Dickson and N. S. Wright.
"A Comparative histologic and Micro-chemical study of the decay of coniierous trees," by F. Dickson, and G. R. Thomas.
"Development of a Photometric-fluorometric apparatus for vitamin determination," J. Allardyce and
J. Rattenbury.
"Assays for Riboflavin Thiamin and Vitamin A", by J. Allardyce and R. A. McLeod. >;■
"Effect on Growth and Basal Metabolism of excessive amounts of B. vitamins in the presence of
added dessicated thyroid", by J. Allardyce.       . ,
"Study of the mutant character 'orange eye' in Drosophila mekmogaster", by Ruth Fields Brink
and Edith Katznelson.
"Study of the mutant 'symp'alpi' in Drosophilamelanogaster", by Riith Fields Brink and Kathleen
Cole.
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY
During the year over 4,000 student courses were given in this Department. Some of our postgraduate students, who would normally have proceeded with further post-graduate work elsewhere,
consented to remain as Instructors to help the Department instruct the large number of returned
Veterans. -
Dr. R. H. Clark presented three papers to the members of the Royal Society of Canada On:
(1) Chemically Transmuted Wood; v
(2) The Effect of High Frequency Heating on the Micro-organisms in Milk; and
(3) Various Methods of Synthesis of Phenyl-Vinyl-Ketone.
The investigation on chemically treated wood is being carried on jointly by the Department 0f
Chemistry and the British Columbia Research Council. Results have shown that a satisfactory product to replace hardwood for flooring can be made from several of the British Columbian softwoods
using Bakelite resins. Such wood made from alder, cottonwood, hemlock have been shown to have
a hardness of from three to five times that of oak and to absorb considerably less moisture when
immersed in water than oak. It is hoped that by making the Bakelite resin from its components,
phenol and hexa-methylene tetramine, it will lessen the cost of the product.
In June, Dr. Clark visited the chemical industries at Sarnia. While in Sarriia he was informed
that thirty-two of our graduates were employed in the chemical industries of that City. Many of
these were with the Polymer Corporation, engaged in the production of synthetic rubbers. Rubber
research is being actively carried on in several of the Universities of Canada, including the University of British Columbia. Many new compounds are being synthesized in our laboratories in the hope
that when polymerized either alone or with butadiene,  a  synthetic  rubber  with  more  elastic / profj-
ThirtY-one erties than any of the synthetic rubbers so far made would be discovered.   So far, however, no one
has succeeded in producing a rubber equivalent to the natural rubber as far as elasticity is concerned.
During the year, fourteen students registered for the Master's degree in Chemical Engineering.
Most of their investigations were carried on under Dr. W. F. Seyer. These investigations, for the
most part, concerned the measurement of the physical-chemical properties of various hydro-carbons.
This work is being correlated with that being done at the National Research Council, where the
behaviour of petroleum fuels and lubricants at' low temperatures are being studied.
Another project being carried on by Dr. Seyer, towards which the Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company are giving, assistance in the form of a Cominco Fellowship, is the development of
an electric cell for the production df sulphuric acid at a temperature of 25 deg. C. from sulphur
dioxide, oxygen and water. Dr. Seyer presented a paper before the Northwest Pacific Section of
the American Chemical Society describing this cell; as well as one on the anomalous specific heat
of certain hydrocarbons. At this meeting Dr. Seyer was elected Chairman of the Physical Chemical
Section and a Member of a Committee for organizing Western Meetings of the American Chemical
Society. '
Dr. M. J. Marshall presented a paper before the Royal Society of Canada entitled: "The Action
of Water Vapour on an Active Carbon Surface". This work is a continuation of the absorption research
which has been carried on by Dr. Marshall for many years. Cr. Marshall has become an authority
on absorption phenomena. His work with diagrams of his equipment, is cited in a dozen of the more
recent text-books on physical Chemistry and numerous references to his work appear in the chemical
journals. , '
Dr. Marshall expects to.continue the work in this field in which he has taken the lead in developing various types of apparatus. He is carrying on other investigations on Micro-gas analysis, and
on certain electrochemical phenomena involved in the interaction of metals with their protective coatings.
The Editor of "Inorganic Synthesis" has requested permission to publish the details of a new
synthesis discovered by Dr. Marshall during some war research carried on for the National Research
Council.    This permission can only be granted when the research is removed from the secret list.
Dr. Marshall attended the Annual Convention of the Chemical Institute of Canada in June. He
was a member of the Council, representing British Columbia. He assisted in organizing a Student
Chapter of the Chemical Institute of Canada at this University.
- Dr. William Ure has continued his investigation of Flotation Reagents with the aid of a grant
for equipment. A study is being made of the use of quaternary ammonium compounds in the flotation of silica. One of the major problems is the development of suitable methods of analysis at the
Idw concentrations used. '
Dr. Ure is also measuring the rates of some chemical reactions, which in the gas phase,
involve the transitory appearance of free radicals, which may be used to initiate reaction chains. He
has previously shown that'dimethyl acetal heated to 400 deg. C. is a source of free radicals. An
attempt was made to induce decomposition in methane by this means, with the object of eventually
preparing higher hydro-carbons. Although below 550 deg. C. the reaction is not thermo-dynamically
favourable, some evidence was obtained for the production of ethylene from methane.
Another project on synthetic rubber was undertaken by Dr. Ure in cooperation with the Na-
tidhal Research Council and the Polymer Corporation in the fall of 1945 and was continued during
the summer months .with the assistance of three graduate students. Synthetic rubber, latex was prepared and the physical and colloidal properties studied. The results are being reported to the National Research Council.
In July, Dr. Ure visited the plant of the Polymer Corporation at Sarnia, spending several days
studying the manufacture of latex and discussing research problems with members of the staff. He
also attended a meeting of the Research Projects Sub-committee on synthetic rubber held' at Quebec
City, where the programmes of research on synthetic rubber at the various Canadian Universities
were discussed. • • •
In August, Dr. J. Allen Harris flew to England at the request of the Department of National
Defence to organize the Chemistry and Physics courses at the Khaki University of Canada at Watford, England; and to arrange for credit to be given for these courses by the University of London.
He was away six weeks.
The research activities of Dr. Harris have been largely devoted to a study of uranium compounds at the request of the Department ,of Mines and Natural Resources, and the analytical reactions of other rare elements.
Dr. J. G. Hooley has continued his fundamental studies on the attack of glass by alkaline solutions, using fused silica, the simplest of all glasses.
Thirty-two In another project" he is attempting to' make a porous insulating material from local slag
deposits, but so far without satisfactory results.■•
Three patents have been granted by the United States patent office :to the Corning Glass Works
for work done by Dr. Hooley while in their employ: No. 2398530 oh "Ultra Violet Transmitting Glass";
No. 2400147 on "Fluorescent Glass Composition"; and No. 2393469 on "Fluorescent Glass and Lamps
made therefrom".  ' / " ;E
A special Chemistry aptitude test was prepared for use of the Department of Veterans', Affflits
in collaboration with the Department of Education. It has proven very useful in the,counselling of
Veterans/ E \    E.'1- E'.'
Dr. Hooley represented the University on the Entrance and Senior Matriculation Examination
Board.
Dr. Hooley collaborated with Dr. Alyea of Princeton University in a revision of the-Frasljtrflari
Chemistry Text by Foster and Alyea. He also spent the months oi May and June in a motorE'towr
of Universities and industries in Eastern Canada and the United States.
DEPARTMENT OF CLASSICS
The Department was short-handed owing to the fact that Mr. Louis A. MacKay had been
granted leave of absence before-the beginning of the term. He is now carrying out investigations,
under a Guggenheim Fellowship, at the University of California. \
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- r
The outstanding factor in the year was the sudden increase in classes oyer the previous see?
sion, as experienced by all departments. Despite attempts to secure additional staff we entered the
work of the year short-handed, a situation aggravated by the fact that Dr. Currie was in Ottawa oh
leave of absence. We were fortunate in securing/after the session started, the services of-qualified
and competent instructors in the persons of Mr. Bell and Mr. Stark: The need :for sectionalizing the
courses in Fundamentals of Accounting'(Mr. Taylor and Mr. Bell) and in Marketing (Mr. Stark, Mr.
Bell) together with the heavy enrolment in all courses and the putting on of two courses in each
of the Spring and Summer Sessions resulted in an extra heavy load for all members oi the staff.
Fortunately the normal schedule of assignments and reports was maintained by supplementing the
staff with student readers. /
The year was also marked by re-instituting courses which had been dropped during the latter -
war years owing to.shortage of staff, viz: Commercial Law (Mr. Farris); Business Finance (Mr.- Taylor)
and Foreign Trade Practices and Policies (Mr. Morrow). In addition, a new advanced course' in Advertising was established under the direction of Mr. Morrow and at the request of the Advertising -and
Sales Bureau of the Board of Trade who have undertaken to contribute one thousand dollars a year
for five years to assist the department in undertaking the work. Because of the somewhat technical
nature of advanced work in this field substantial use was made of visiting lecturers, experts in the
various aspects of the course. The lectures were generally of a high order and the results of the first
year of the course were most satisfactory from the Department's point of view. The Cost Accounting
course came under the direction of Mr. Taylor, and the two students elected as guests of the Powell
River Company Limited to spend ten days at Pdwell River studying their cost system were J. Forbes
and M. Dennis. A gratifying feature of the year's work was the general excellence of the major
reports required in several of the commerce courses.
The large numbers in the course in Industrial Management made it difficult to maintain the
regular schedule of factory trips with the result that the normal plant visits of twelve per students had
to be reduced to six per student. This difficulty will remain' as long as the. present heavy enrolment
continues.
The graduation dinner arranged by the Commerce Undergraduate Society attained full proportions this year and was held in the ballroom of the Vancouver Hotel with an attendance of almost
600 guests. The speaker of the evening was Mr. R. A. Diamond, Vice-President and General Manager of The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company, of Canada Limited, whose address was
reported verbatim in Industrial Canada. The occasion was graced by His Honour the' Lieutenant^
Governor. • ■';';,--' /
With the appointment of Major J. H-McLean as employment officer for the University, the
placement activities of the Department were changed to fit in to the general picture and brought-
Thirty-three under the direction of Major MacLean. It is highly gratifying to the Department to know that practically all the Commerce students receiving degrees at the Spring and Fall Congregations have
secured satisfactory employment. In this connection we cannot refrain from referring to the spectacular success achieved by Mr. William M. Mercer who graduated in 1943 and Mr. Robert S. Whyte,
who graduated in 1944. Under the firm name of William M. Mercer Limited, these young men have
established a nationally-known organization engaged in setting up pension arrangements for several
large concerns in Western and Eastern Canada.
I acknowledge with gratitude the kindness of Dean Clement in providing extra office space during the year. As always the Department is indebted to the many visiting lecturers who assisted in
the various courses.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS,
POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY
GOVERNMENT
The Department has been fortunate in being able to retain as a regular part of its work the
course in International Law given by Dr. N. A. M. MacKenzie. This course is also part of the regular
work for the degree course in the Faculty of Law. The return of the Head of the Department from
Ottawa made it possible to resume the courses which had been suspended during the previous year
and to add a course on ■■ Reconstruction' Problems. The large number of returned men wishing to
qualify for entry into the Department of External Affairs has been among the causes contributing to a
greater demand for work in Political Science. If this demand continues some further addition to the
teaching staff will be.necessary.
ECONOMICS
The greatest pressure in the first post-war session has naturally been on the introductory
courses in Economics and on the introductory courses in Statistics. The addition of Dr, Stuart Jamieson
to the staff made it possible to offer the basic course in Economic History, which had previously been-
given by Dr. Currie of the Department of Commerce, who was on leave of absence in Ottawa.
By appointing two graduates of U. B. C. who had been in the air-force and army respectively it was
possible to relieve Professor Drummond of the work in elementary Statistics and to handle the large
numbers presenting themselves for this course.
An indirect effect of these changes was to increase the choice of courses in the final years by
offering a' course in Labour Problems and by devoting the Honours Seminar to the study of Business Cycles. It is apparent that more courses still will be necessary as more returned men enter
the final years.
Dr. Stuart Jamieson gave a Reading Course in Economics 1 with an enrolment of 32 students,
mostly from outside Vancouver.
Throughout the Department increasing use was made of assistants and readers. It was only by
entrusting to them much of the routine work in connection with essays and other assignments that
it was possible for the senior members of the teaching staff to deal with the larger numbers.
SOCIOLOGY     .
Dr. Topping continued to take charge of the work in Sociology which has become more
specialized now that there is a separate Department of Social Work. Here, too, some expansion
appears necessary as larger numbers of returned men reach the final years. Work in Social Anthropology could be conveniently integrated with what is already being done.
SUPPLEMENTARY WORK IN GOVERNMENT, ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY
As in the preceding year, special courses for returned men were given in the second half of
the regular session, in a special spring session and in the summer session. The effect has been to
take some of the strain off classes which would otherwise have been greatly overcrowded. Examples
are Statistics, and the introductory courses in Economics. By providing some third and fourth year
options it was made possible for returned men to abbreviate their work at the university. This must
be regarded as an exceptional measure for experience showed that the fatigue of "many months of
academic work, unbroken by holidays, did lower the quality of the work done by the students. In
the case of the teaching staff care was taken that the same man did not teach in both special spring
and summer sessions.
Thirty-four GENERAL APPRECIATION
Under circumstances which were at times trying, all members of the department, permanent and
temporary alike, worked harmoniously together and did their utmost to play their part in what has
become a significant aspect of Canadian economic reconstruction. It was fortunately possible to recognize these services in many cases by well merited promotions and increases in salary,
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
The heaviest duty of the Department in the regular sessions is the Teacher Training Course,
which is open to graduates only and consists of one year's work entirely in Education. The course
leads to the University Diploma in Education and the Academic A certificate, which qualifies the
holder for teaching in the Junior and Senior High Schools of the Province. The course also carries
credit for the M.A. and B-Ed. degrees. The enrolment in this course is now steadily increasing and
should shortly exceed its pre-war level. < ,   .
Another important enterprise of the Department consists of offering to graduates and to undergraduates who have attended a Normal School, courses in Education which carry credit for the B.A.,
the B.Ed., the M.A., and the Academic A certificate. Although the majority of these are offered in
the Summer Session, some are given in the regular session also, and the number of these must be
considerably increased in the near future because of increasing enrolments. Classes for teachers on
the Lower Mainland enrolled about 60 students in 1945 - 46.
During the year under review, a number of staff changes took place. Dr. G. M. Weir resigned
to assume the post of Minister of Education for the Province of British Columbia. Dr. Weir became
first Head of the Department upon its establishment in 1924; and, except for leaves of absence, served
until 1945. Dr. F. T. Tyler, late Director of Personnel Selection for the Royal Canadian Navy, returned
as from January^ 1946. Dr. M. A. Cameron, who had been on leave for an inquiry into school finance,
returned as from September 1, 1945. He had been Acting-Head of the Department for some time, and
on Dr. Weir's departure; was promoted to Head. Dr. K. F. Argue, formerly of the University of Alberta,
joined the staff on July 1, 1946. •
The staff is represented on the Provincial Department of Education's Central Curriculum Committee, its accrediting committee, its certification committees, and its committee on Tests and Measurements.
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
During the course of the regular session, .the Department handled 36 sections of First-year students; during the spring session 8 sections; during the summer session 10 sections. In the first of
these terms, the number of students in each section was, as usual, absurdly large, running up in a
good many cases well toward 70, or even over. The two shorter sessions were more fortunate, since
instructors were available in sufficient number to reduce the ^classes to manageable size. I cannot
speak too highly of the support accorded me by every single member of my department, senior and
junior, in carrying the heavy load imposed on their shoulders by Freshman instruction. From the
54 sections and the 1500 students involved, only two or three serious complaints were registered.
Without implying the slightest derogation of any other instructor, I wish to record my especial gratitude to five young and able graduates of our own who were asked to do far more than their duty
demanded, and cheerfully did it: R. P. apRoberts, Holger Nygard, Margaret Nygard, W. E Knotts, and
Eric Nicol.
The situation in the Faculty of Applied Science was far from satisfactory. Two very competent men, Associate Professors Morrison and Hume, were overwhelmed, in English 3 and 4, by some
800 students. No doubt, the utter impossibility of coping with such a crowd resulted in Mr. Hume's
withdrawal from the staff—a loss which my department could ill afford to sustain.
Work in English with Second-year students in Arts and Science was carried on as usual, in spite
of the huge enrolment; and I believe the results were as satisfactory as could be expected, if one considers how very short was the supply of texts. Of courses in the third and fourth years there is
nothing special to report—except that the enrolments were heavy.
I may be allowed to anticipate next year's report in expressing satisfaction at the coming of
eight instructors who have been newly appointed or elevated to senior faculty rank, and of junior
instructors sufficient in number to reduce considerably the burden of the earlier- years. It is my own
eager hope that First-year sections will be brought down to not more than 35 students, and that they
will not again be allowed to rise above* that number.   I have always believed, and still believe, that
Thirty-five nothing which the University does is more important than instruction given in the first and second
years of the curriculum; and, unhappily, this instruction has been and is the most inadequate. At
one point, I am glad to say, we are seeing light ahead: there is excellent prospect that, from now on,
students in Applied Science will be taught as well as herded together. One-other prospect, however,
is disturbing; how to provide the instruction in English for the second and third years in Commerce
which has been outlined in the Calendar. Professor Morrow kindly shifted his proposed course so
as to enable my department to carry on at all in the abnormal conditions of this present year. But
the arrangement is only a postponement of the difficulty.
It would be graceless not to say a word about the work of the returned men in this department.
Everything, it would seem, has occurred that might be expected to make'their studies intolerable:
huge classes,, uncomfortable rooms, maddening shortage of texts, etc., etc. In spite of it all they have
been incredibly good-natured, and in general the work they have done is oh a level With their patience.
DEPARTMENT OF TRENCH
NOTE:—The Senate and Board of Governors approved the establishment of separate departments of
French, German and Spanish, February 25, 1946.
The hopes held out last year of closer contact with France were justified by the number of
distinguished scholars who in 1945-46 came from that country to visit the University, and of our own
graduates who proceeded to graduate work at the Sorbonne with the help of scholarships provided
by the generosity of the French Government. The visit in November of M. Georges Duhamel, Secretary of the French Academy, deserves special mention and is remembered with the deepest of
pleasure. Three of our graduates, Capt. Lloyd Hsbden, Lieut. Lester J. Pronger, and Lieut. James A.
Hood, were awarded French Government scholarships tenable for a year, and a fourth, Mr. Jack T.
Rush, received a similar award for the summer vacation, fhus giving the University a disproportionately large representation among the nine Canadian scholars actually at the Sorbonne during the
year. The awards made to Messrs. Hood and Hobden have been renewed for a second year on the
recommendation of the professors directing their studies.
A feature xof the year was the high quality of the work done by the large and enthusiastic group
of graduates in attendance, on this campus. Of these, several returned soldiers helped materially in
meeting the. year's unprecedented teaching problems;. Words of praise are also due to the regular
teaching staff for the willingness and good humour with which they faced what at times seemed an
unending task. The teaching effort called for was such as to preclude in most cases the possibility
of working at studies for publication, and it is painfully evident that intellectually we are living on
our capital.
GRADUATES ,    '
Mr. Alfred T. Carter, B.A. (1938), M.A. (McGill), Assistant Professor of French.at the University
of Saskatchewan, is now a regular contributor to the Toronto Quarterly.
Mr. Lester J. Pronger's paper on' Stendhal was favourably reviewed by Henri Martineau, the
leading authority on the subject, in Le Divan, December 1945, p. 215-216.
Mr. W. T. E. Kennett, B.A. (1932), Ph.D. (Princeton), was promoted to Associate Professor of
French at Victoria College, Toronto. -
Miss Mary Lipsett, B.A. (1942), was appointed Instructor in French and German at St. John's
College, Winnipeg.
Miss Phyllis Cowan, B.A. (1940), was appointed to the Radio Division of the University of
Alberta, as organizer of programmes.
Miss Joan Yvonne Dangelzer, B.A. (1935), D.Lett. (Paris), who broadcasts under the name of Joan
Darcy, was Producer of Talks with CBC (at Montreal). . '
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY
This department shared in the phenomenalgrowth in attendance at the University from the
influx of discharged veterans. The increase was most notable in the junior classes. Geology I
jumped from 135 to 210 and Geography I from 80 to 109. The senior classes increased more normally but the Post Gradufctfe attendance increased from 2 to 12. One man was granted the M.A.Sc. in
Geological Engineering. The other students were returned men who are taking two years to complete
the work for the Master's degree. These men did good work and accepted summer employment where
they became qn immediate asset to the mineral industry.
Thirty-six There has never been a more urgent demand for graduates in Geology. Oil companies operating in Alberta and Saskatchewan; mining companies of Canada, the United States and South Africa;
the Geological Survey of Canada; the Department of Mines, Victoria; all applied for -men. All the
Post Graduates, and Graduates obtained good positions, and many lower classmen were usefully
employed during the summer months. The result has been that much experience lias been gained
and the younger men have- been aided in selecting their professions.
It is with deep regret that the department' parts with the services of Dr. C. O. Swanson to the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. His fine scholarship and wide teaching and administrative
ability make him an asset to any institution" of learning or research. He continued part time employment with the C. M. and S. Company until August 31st, when his term of appointment with the University ended.
Dr. H. C. Gunning acted as Consultant* for the Greater Vancouver Water Board in th© location
of their proposed dam on the Capilano river, and for the International Fisheries Commission on the
construction of the fish ladders at Hell's Gate on the Fraser river. His investigations on rock alteration
and oxidized minerals for the International Mining Corporation has resulted in an extensive develop-
menf at a new Oxidized Lead and Zinc property at Ymir, B. C. iSince the spring of 1946, he has
acted as Consulting Geologist for the New Jersey Zinc Company, guiding their search for base and
precious metal ores in Western Canada.
The direction of post-graduate work has been.largely carried out by Dr. Gunning, who is chairman of the Committee on Graduate studies for the Faculty of Applied Science. He also taught Geology and mineral deposits at the evening school of the B. C. Chamber of Mines.
Dr. H. V. Warren has continued the investigations of the Tellurides of British Columbia. Their
association with gold deposits is well known. Of the 16 tellurides reported for the province. Dr.
Warren has identified 12 and R. M. Thompson (one of our recent graduates and now an instructor
at the University of Toronto) identified the other four. Dr. Warren has done all the mineralogical work
connected with the discovery of gold at Taseko Lake.
Dr. Warren has also directed an investigation of the mineral content of plants growing over
mineral deposits as compared with the same species growing over country rock. Mr. Q H. ,Howatson
has now made investigatiqns at the Sullivan Mine, the Britannia Mine at Howe Sound, and at the
Marble Bay mine, Texada Island.
In addition to his ieaching load in this department, Dr. Warren gave a series of lectures in
Commerce 5 and taught Mineralogy at the evening, courses provided for Prospectors by the B. C.
Chamber of Mines.
In April, Dr. Warren travelled to England. There he arranged for the exchange of mineral
collections with the leading Universities. He met with favourable consideration of an exchange of
students and staff with the Royal School of Mines, Cambridge and Oxford Universities. On his return,
Dr. Warren attended the annual meeting of the Royal Society in Toronto and presented a paper. He
also attended the meeting of the inter-University conferences. ' .
Dr. V. J. Okulitch has been mainly responsible for the courses in Geography, and taught Geography I. in the Summer School. He also read a paper at the annual meeting of the Royal Society in
Toronto. .
In the late summer, Dr. Okulitch, accompanied by Mr. T. R. Weir made a trip around the Big
Bend of the Columbia and-collected Cambrian fossils in the Purcell Mountains near'Golden, on a
grant from the Geological Society of America.
Mr. T. R. Weir was granted his Masters degree in Geography by Syracuse University in the
autumn of 1945, his thesis being a Geographical Study of New Westminster, B. C. In addition to his
regular courses in Geography, he taught Geography II, in the Summer School. During his trip with
Dr. Okulitch he made a Geogrophical reconnaissance along the Columbia river.
Dr. M. Y. Williams attended the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America held at
Pittsburg, December 26-28, 1945, where he was elected second Vice-President (there are four iri'all) for
the year 1945-1946. He also attended the spring meeting of the executive of "the Society held in
New York, April 27th, 1946. He gave a paper at the Royal Society of Canada held in Toronto, May
21-23, and attended the Inter-University Conference held in Toronto, May 27-29. From Jun^122-27, he
attended the Hazen Conference held at Maple -Bay. He spent much of the summer in Vancouver preparing for the autumn rush of students. • '■■.:    ;
Thirty-seven DEPARTMENT OF GERMAN
In the Fall of 1945, large classes in the first- two years were anticipated and provision made
for their instruction by the appointment of two new Lecturers, but the registration was even heavier
than planned for and still further sections had to be formed. Even with fifteen sections in the Beginners' class, the enrolment in several' of these was over sixty—far too large for effective teaching.
There was not much change in the size or the work of the more advanced classes.
One of our graduates, Miss Phyllis Baxendale, B.A., 1937, was appointed Instructor in German
at Victoria College. Miss Baxendale, after some years of war work in Ottawa, attended the Summer
School of Middlebury College, where she won high distinction. '
Miss Mary Lipsett, B.A., 1943, after a year's graduate work at McGill, was appointed Instructor in German at United College, Winnipeg.
Dr. C. E. Borden again spent the summer months at the University of California in further work
on his study of Lessing.
Our staff took care of the instruction in German in the special Winter and Spring Sessions for
Ex-Service men and women and in the Summer School.
DEPARTMENT OF,HISTORY
This session the' Department of History attempted to deal with the ever-increasing number of
students, especially the returned service men and women. The services of Mr. Robert J. Boroughs,
M.A., were obtained for the Special Winter and Spring Sessions, and Mr. John P. Heisler, M.A., also
taught in the Special Spring Session.
Professor F. H. Soward continued on leave with the Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, in
charge of the Latin-American Section. He has now, most fortunately, returned to the Department of
History and has, in addition, been appointed Director of International Studies at the University. In May,
he was elected Vice-President of the Canadian Historical Association at its annual meeting in Toronto. Professor Soward has been asked to prepare Volume IV, Canada and World Affairs, 1944-^
1946, for the Canadian Institute of International Affairs. He is also a member of the National Research
Committee of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs, and adviser on the Canadian Section oi
the Political Handbook of the World. , i
Professor A. C. Cooke. attended the Fourth Canadian Hazen Conference at Maple Bay in June,
1946. He also, again, took charge of the examination work under the High Schools and University
Matriculation Board at Victoria in the summer of 1946.
Dr. Margaret Ormsby has been elected editor of the 'publications of the Okanagan Historical
Society, succeeding the late Leonard Norris, Esquire, of Vernon, British Columbia. Dr. Ormsby's work
in the field of Okanagan History is weH known.
Dr. George G. F. Stanley has been appointed Professor of Canadian History, but is now on leave
in Ottawa completing his work as second-in-command of the Historical Section of the General Staff,
Canadian Army.
Mr. T. J. Oleson, M.A., lecturer in History for the past two sessions, has accepted a similar
position /with United College in the University of Manitoba.
Dr. W. N. Sage has been elected a Vice-President of the Champlairi Society. He is also serving
on the Advisory Boards of the Canadian Historical Review and of the British Columbia Historical
Quarterly. In May, he attended the annual meeting of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of
Canada at Ottawa, and' in June, on behalf of the Board, assisted at the unveiling of a monument on
the International Boundary at Blaine, Washington, to celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the
signing of the Oregon Treaty of 1846, which delineated the boundary west of the Rocky Mountains.
He presented a paper on the Oregon Treaty to Section II. Of the Royal Society of Canada at Toronto.
While in Toronto, he also attended the session of the Social Science Research Council, the Canadian
Historical Association and the Canadian Institute of International Affairs. He was also one of the University delegates at the National Conference of Canadian Universities at Toronto.
Mr. Robert T. McKenzie, a former assistant in the Department of History, has been appointed
Assistant Director 'of Adult Education for Canada. His place in the Department of Extension has been
taken by Mr. Robert J. Boroughs, M.A., Lecturer in History in the Special Winter and Spring Sessions, 1946.
It is a matter of great gratification that, as already mentioned, a new appointment, that of
Professor Stanley, has been made in Canadian History. He will aid greatly in the direction of graduate work and the furtherance of research. It is hoped that similar provision may later be made for
the fields of the Far East and Latin America.
Thirty-eight DEPARTMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS
The year 1945-1946 has been a memorable ,one. In this period, ten new courses in Home
-Economics were offered which completed the programme planned for the four year course; the Canadian Dietetic Association granted approval of the foods and nutrition major of the course, thus
enabling our graduates to enter post-graduate training courses in commercial and hospital dietetics;
and in May', 1946, for the first time< the degree of Bachelor of Home Economics was conferred on
fifteen members of the graduating class.
New courses offered by the Department included Textiles, Advanced Clothing, Interior Decoration, Advanced Foods, Diet Therapy, Quantity Cookery, Institution Administration, Institution Buying,
Home Management, and Child Development and Family Relations.
Miss Mary Holder, appointed to' the faculty in the Fall of 1945, has, in addition to her duties in
the Department, organized and administered the food service of Acadia Camp which, throughout the
year, served three meals a day to pver 200 students. It is the hope of this Department that other
food service units on the campus will be administered by trained dietitians under a similar arrangement to that followed at Acadia Cdmp. The vast majority of other universities in Canada and the
United States have found it more satisfactory to operate food services under trained dietitians responsible to the University administration. Very often the Food Service Director is also a teaching member of the Department of'Home Economics.
It may be interesting to record the positions now held by the fifteen members of the first graduating class in Home Economics.   They are as follows: E
4—post-graduate course in hospital dietetics.
3—post-graduate course in commercial dietetics.
3—teaching Home Economics in British Columbia.
1—enrolled in the teacher training course.
1—enrolled in business course.
2—employed as Home Economists with business firms in Vancouver.
1—married:
During the year all members of the Department led an active professional life outside of campus
activities. Radio broadcasts, discussion groups, addresses, and conventions were some of the activities
which claimed their attention. Four members of the Department held executive posts with the local
Home Economics and Dietetic Associations. Miss Lefebvre was asked to become a Director of the
Canadian Dietetic Association. Miss Black became the chairman of the education committee of the
Canadian Home Economics Association.
-> Previous to the summer of 1946, the Department has depended upon the generosity of the Van
couver , School Board for certain laboratory facilities. With a total enrolment of 160 during the session
1945-46, it has taxed the ingenuity of all concerned to arrange student programmes. .Fortunately we
were able in the summer of 1946 to arrange for temporary laboratories on the campus until a permanent building is erected.
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
The> large enrolment, not only in the Regular Session, but in the Winter, Spring and Summer
Sessions as well, made heavy demands on the Department. Fortunately the Department was able to
obtain the expert services of Mr. Allen Bowles and Miss Cora Brehaut, who had recently retired after
many years of teaching in Vancouver High Schools, of Mr. Frederick Field, who had served with the
navy, and of several graduates with teaching experience.
In October, high school teachers of Mathematics in the lower Fraser Valley and members of
the Department were the guests of Professor W. H. Gage at a dinner held in the Brock Building.
Approximately fifty teachers attended. Following the dinner an informal discussion was held on topics
related to problems of teaching and curriculum.
In November, Dr. F. S. Nowlan, as Governor representing Region-13, attended the yearly meeting of the.Mathematical Association of America in Chicago. Dr. Nowlan's publications are listed elsewhere. . •
During 1945,-46, Dr. R. D. James continued as a member of the Council of the American Mathematical Society. In April, he attended the Berkeley Meeting of the Society, and in May, the Toronto
Meeting of the Royal Society of Canada, at each of which he presented a joint paper by himself, ari^
Professor W. H. Gage entitled "A Generalized Integral". This paper will be published, in 'the Trarie^
actions of the Royal Society of Canada, Section III. ■'■.„'>'
Thirty-nine -E Dr. S. A. Jennings attended the Summer Meeting and Colloquium of the American Mathematical
Society held in August, 1946, at Ithaca, N.Y., and "presented a paper entitled "The Group-ring of a Class
of Infinite Nilpotent Groups". Dr. Jennings was invited to attend the meeting of the Council held at
that time.
Throughout the year, Dr. D.- C. Murdoch, Dr. R. J. James and Dr. S. A. Jennings, reviewed
many papers for "Mathematical Reviews". In the latter part of the year, Professor W. H. Gage also
contributed several reviews.
In the first term, during the absence of Dean D. Buchanan, Prbfessor Gage acted as Head of
the Department. Dr. James took charge of assistants and Dr. Murdoch acted as Secretary. Continuing in this capacity. Dr. Murdoch has undertaken to supervise all matters relating to library requirements for the Department.
Throughout the year, members of the Department were active on many committees. 'Dr. James
served as Secretary of the Committee on Graduate Studies and Dr. Jennings as Chairman of the
Faculty Committee on Student Affairs and Secretary of the Arts Curriculum Revision Committee. Professor Gage served as Chairman of the Scholarship Committee, the Newcomers' Organization Committee, the Committee on Time-Table and Registration, and the Arts Curriculum Revision Committee.
He was also a member of the High School and University Matriculation Board'of Examiners, and Director of both the Special Winter -and Spring Sessibns.
PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY
During the year under review the usual difficulties resulting from greatly enlarged classes were
encountered. In meeting these difficulties care was taken to maintain a high standard of instruction
ana>to; provide the largest possible range of courses in order to distribute the student load. This not
only added to the teaching and administrative duties of the staff but in addition greatly increased the
amount of time set aside for interviews with individual students. As a result the time which members
of the staff were able to devote to research and publication was markedly curtailed. \
As a result of contacts established during the war, several members of the department continued
to give voluntary assistance with the work of the Armed Forces, the Civil Service Commission, and
several departments of the Federal Government. In cooperation with the University Veterans' Bureau
the department provided assistance with the psychological testing and counselling of veteran -students. Every effort was made to meet the public demand for speakers, and members of the department participated in several conferences during the year and gave a number of public addresses and
radio talks.
Additional accommodation was acquired by the University in order to provide increased facilities for the Psychological Laboratory. This will enable the department to extend instruction in Experimental Psychology and will aid in promoting research projects by members of the staff and by
graduate students. Through several contacts established in Vancouver additional opportunities were
afforded for advanced students to obtain wider experience in the field of Applied Psychology.
Dr. J. E. Morsh continued on leave of absence as Director of Research of the Operational Research Detachment at the Canadian Army Signals training center.
Professor E. S. W. Belyea was appointed to the Committee on Certification of the Canadian
Psychological Association.
Professor S; N. F. Chant was appointed by order in Council to the Advisory Committee on University Training for Veterans. He was elected Chairman of the newly formed Association of Veteran
Counsellors in Canadian Universities and President-slect of the Canadian Psychological Association.
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS
Probably the most important single event to be noted in the year under review was the turning
of the first sod for the new Physics Building on March 7, 1946. Chancellor E. W. Hamber officiated
and among those who participated in the ceremony was Dean C. J. MacKenzie, president of the
National Research Council of Canada. When this $740,000.00 structure is cbmpleted it will provide
much needed accommodation for the teaching and research activities of the Department.
For this session, enrolment for courses in the Department set a new high record of 3600. This
number of students imposed a very heavy burden of teaching upon the members of the staff and
resulted in serious overcrowding in the lecture rooms and laboratories, and consequently some falling' off in efficiency. Fortunately, the situation was somewhat relieved by the assignment of four army
huts as elementary laboratories and lecture rooms. ■-   *E-
Forty During the year, Dr. G. M. Volkoff continued on leave of absence with the National Research
Council. As head of the theoretical division of Canada's Nuclear Physics group, he was largely
responsible for the design of the Chalk River Atomic-Energy Pile.
Dr. H. D. Smith continued his researches upon the Physical properties of synthetic rubber. This
work was carried on under a grant from the Polymer Corporation at Sarnia. During the summer
months, Dr. Smith was attached to the U. S. Naval Research Laboratory at Baltimore and took part in
the testing and development of long range jet-propelled rockets.
•  Dr. A. M. Crooker continued his investigations in spectroscopy and on the scattering of light.
Dr. K. C. Mann spent the summer months at the Chalk River laboratories of the National Research Council. He took part in a coordinated programme of Beta-Ray Spectroscopy. During the year,
Dr. Mann was given a research appropriation of $5,400.00' from the National Research Council for
work in Nuclear Physics.
Mr. Keith Brown also spent the summer months at the Chalk River laboratories.
Dr. A. E. Hennings continued to represent the Department on the University Entrance and Senior
Matriculation Examination BoardE He has also taken a special interest in the plans for the new
building.
Dr. G. M. Shrujn was reappointed as a member of the National Research Council of Canada for
a period of three years. He also served as a member of the Board of Management on the B. C. Research Council.
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WORK
The natural expansion of social work education to meet the extreme shortages of personnel in
the field-brought many changes in the Department during this year.
GROUP WORK
Earlier in the year the Junior League of Vancouver offered a grant of $9,000.00 for the purpose
of establishing the teaching of group work and community organization. This was accepted by the
the Board of Governors and the services of a specialist in that field. Miss Elizabeth Thomas, were
secured to set up and develop a training program for recreation and group leaders. New courses in
group work, community organization and, advanced.methods were introduced. Not only was training
made possible for those students primarily interested in group work but the curriculum of all social
work students was enriched by the inclusion of required courses in group work methods and' the
organization of community activities. The rapidly developing community centre movement seems to
point to an increasing demand for recreation leaders, and the Junior League in sponsoring the training of such personnel has been farsighted in welfare planning. In January, 1946, the department, in
cooperation with the Extension Department sponsored a Community Centres Institute attended by over
100 community leaders from all over the province. This was followed by another conference in June by
the same group at which time the B. C. Community Centres Association was organized. During the
summer the department assisted the local chapter of the American Association of Group Workers in
sponsoring a two week institute in program skills at which music, art, drama, handicrafts and various
activities were taught.
'Much work remains to be done in helping agencies develop field work training opportunities.
With the expected increase in enrollment in group work for the fall it has been necessary to plan for
subsidizing supervision in some group work agency or agencies for the next year.
DEGREES IN SOCIAL WORK
In December, 1945, the approval of Faculty and Senate was sought for the establishment of
the Degree of Master of Social Work to be given for a two year program of Graduate professional
study. The professional degrees of Bachelor of Social Work and Master of Social Work were established. Thirty-nine B.S.W. degrees were awarded in May, 1946. The first M.S.W. degrees will be
awarded in May, 1947. The University of British Columbia is the first Canadian University to grant
professional social work degrees, although the • National Committee of Canadian Schools of Social
Work has gone on record favoring the establishment of such degrees in all universities offering
social work training.
MEDICAL SOCIAL WORK    '
It is hoped that medical social work will be one of the specialized fields in which this depart-
1 meht can take a position of leadership.   An experimental placement of students in the Crippled Chil-
*''■*'' '
Forty-one ,' dren's Hospital was tried this year and two advanced students were placed in Royal Alexandra Hospital in Edmonton for the summer. A number of changes in existing hospital social service departments will have to be effected before adequate training facilities for medical s,ocial work are available in Vancouver.
SPECIAL FIELD WORK
An unusual opportunity is possible for certain selected students in child welfare. A few interne-
ships at Ryther Child Center, Seattle, have been made available for our students. These awards come
through a special grant of the Marshall Field Foundation which gives psychiatric treatment to emotionally disturbed children.
During the summer an advanced student was placed in Shaughnessy Military Hospital to work
directly with the psychiatrists. Tt is expected that the Department of Veterans' Affairs will be providing further opportunities for social work field work training in the future.
DOMINION GOVERNMENT GRANT
In May, 1946, the Head of the Department was called to Ottawa by the Deputy Minister of
Welfare along with other directors of social work education to form a Technical Advisory Committee
on social work training for the Department of National Health and Welfare. At that time it was
announced that $100,000.00 would be made available for the schools of social work. Our share
amounted \to $8,600.00 for scholarships and bursaries and $7,700.00 for administrative expansion. The
scholarships and bursaries were to be awarded by the Department of National Health and Welfare
on the recommendation of the head of the department of social work. The administrative funds were designed primarily for increased field work supervision costs. The first quarter of the grant was made
available and plans got under way in August to care for an apparently huge increase in enrolment
for the coming year.
CANADIAN CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL WORK
In June, the Head of the Department attended the Canadian Conference on Social Work in
Halifax where she presented a paper on agency-school relationships in field work ■ training. Miss
Smith was also a member of the executive committee of the conference and the chairman of the
Nominating Committee. Meeting at the same time was the National Committee of Canadian Schools
of Social Work.
Members of the department have given numbers of. talks, speeches, lectures outside the usual
order of business. Miss Thomas published a report on the Community Centres Institute in the April
15 number of Welfare, publication of Canadian Welfare Council.
THE FUTURE
The estblishment of the Master's degree in social work calls for the development of research
in the social work field: More than elementary methods will have to be taught and some thought
should be given to making available certain Canadian materials gathered through thesis research.
Up to the present time, very little has been published in the Canadian field and even the history of
Canadian, social welfare has been grossly neglected.
A second gap yet to be filled is the introduction of a variety of short courses and institutes of
an advanced nature designed for employed workers in social agencies to improve the level of skills
in practice and to give further opportunity for the development of field work supervisors.
DEPARTMENT OF SPANISH
Courses offered during the academic year 1945-1946 were Beginners' Spanish, Spanish I, and
Spanish II, with this offering students are now able to satisfy the language requirement in the Faculty
of Arts and Science. Beginners' Spanish, besides being offered in the Regular Session, was also
offered in the Special Winter Session, the Special Spring Session, and the Summer School. Students
in all courses in Spanish numbered about 400.
As an-experiment, the course in Practical Spanish offered under the auspices of the Department of University Extension was given at the University rather than at the Normal School, as it was
the previous year. The enrolment was half that of the year before, arid consequently did not appear
to justify repetition of the experiment.
Forty-two Under the able guidance of Dr. Jack Parker, a small but active Spanish Club was started, which
met monthly during the Session at members' houses.
Dr. Brooke was appointed Visiting Professor from Canada at the Summer School of the University of Havana for the summer of 1946, where he lectured on "Canada-—Its Political, Economic, and
Social Development'. '
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
The Department of Zoology has continued to have an increasing number of students in both the
undergraduate and graduate years and has been able to meet the situation fairly satisfactory by careful organization, by an additional staff appointment, and with the assistance of graduate students.
The greatest difficulty was experienced in space requirements though some relief was provided by the
use of an army hut.
The course in General Zoology was given in the Winter and Spring Sessions to returned men
and in Comparative Anatomy during the Summer Session. For the latter course, the University was
fortunate in obtaining the services of Dr. E. Home Craigie, of the University of Toronto.
The staff is unanimous in expressing appreciation of the enthusiasm, earnestness and maturity
of thought of the great majority of the men from the armed forces.
One studenf continued with research work in fulfilment of requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy through an arrangement with McGill University. Eleven graduate students were
registered for the Master's degree and one continued with the preparation of a thesis although not in
attendance.    Two students graduated with Honours and presented theses.
OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES
During the year members of the staff gave public addresses as follows: Dr. Clemens, 2; Professor Spencer, 8; Dr. Cowan, 7; Dr. Hoar, 1.
Dr. Clemens, as the representative of the University on the Fisheries Research Board, attended
the annual meeting of the Board in January and a meeting of the Executive Committee in May, both
in Ottawa. He also attended several sub-Executive Committee meetings in Vancouver. He has continued as' a member of the Marine Plant Committee and the Fisheries Technical Committee of the
British Columbia Research Council. He has also acted -in an advisory capacity to the International
Salmon Commission and the Provincial Game Commission. During the summer of 1946, he was
Chairman of a Royal Commission of Fisheries in the Province of Saskatchewan.
Professor Spencer continued to deal with innumerable enquiries concerning insect pests. Throughout the period there was the usual flow of enquiries from citizens in British Columbia#/ but chiefly from
Vancouver and the Lower Fraser Valley, concerning insects, mostly those of the household. These
enquiries show the spread throughout the city of the Varied Carpet beftle which attacks clothing and
furs and also wheat kernels and whole wheat flour; the result is assuming the proportions of a minor
plague in dwellings. A mimeographed outline of its life history and control is being prepared for
enquirers.
,Dr. Cowan was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and also Regional Representative for the newly established Canada and Alaska Division of the American Wildlife Society. In
late March, he attended the annual convention of the Alberta Fish and Game Association at Lethbridge, took part in their technical sessions and gave the banquet address.
Dr. Hoar organized a series of special lectures for fishermen through the co-operation of the
Department of University Extension and the Fisheries Experimental Station.
FIELD WORK , ,
Dr. Clemens directed a field party consisting of Dr. D. C. G. MacKay and Mr. Harold Nordan
in a study of conditions in Paul Lake, B. C, preliminary to-an ejgjerimental introduction of an artificial fertilizer. This study was carried out during July and August under a co-operative arrangement with the Provincial Game Commission. In late summer he made a brief trip through the Okanagan area in connection with certain fish cultural problems of the Provincial Game Commission.
Professor Spencer continued his field studies of the lesser migratory locust in the Kamloops
area, under the auspices of the Dominion Division of Entomology.
Dr. Cowan spent three months during the summer of 1946 in Jasper, Banff, Yoho and Kootenay
National Parks, under the auspices of the National Parks Bureau, studying the predatory animals,
the large game and the ecology of the parks' ranges.    Mr. E. W. Pfeiffer, a graduate student, was
Forty-three his assistant in the Jasper Park program. He also directed four field studies. A long-contemplated
study of the natural history of the Queen Charlotte Islands was instituted. Mr. Charles Guiguet spent
from May to September on the Islands and was joined by Dr. Cowan for the last month. Results
obtained were most gratifying and it is hoped that it will be possible to continue this study through
the forthcoming summer. As part of a co-operative activity of the Department and the Provincial
Game Commission, three field projects were undertaken under Dr. Cowan's direction. Mr. David
Munro in May began a study of the waterfowl of - Burnaby Lake. Mr. James Hatter instituted an
investigation of the moose in British Columbia. He plans to be in the field until late November and
will continue the laboratory phases of the work at Washington State College as his Doctoral research.
Miss Iola Musfelt continued her studies of muskrats in the Province.
Dr. Hoar was associated with the Pacific Biological Station during part of the summer. He
also made an extensive trip along the coast to observe various fishing activities and travelled over
the Skeena River watershed to become acquainted with the field investigations being carried out by
the Fisheries Research Board. . t
RESEARCH
Dr. Clemens continued his study of the materials and data obtained during the survey of
Teslin Lake in 1944. The usual Annual analyses of the data on the salmon runs to Rivers Inlet and
the Skeena and Nass rivers were carried out for the Provincial Fisheries Department.
Professor Spencer, from June 4th to September 4th, continued working for the Dominion Division
of Entomology, winding up research on the parasites of the lesser migratory locust which this year
fell to almost negligible proportions in most of its territory, owing to the attacks of its natural enemies.
This research is being -written up this winter in conjunction with Mr. E. R. Buckell of the Federal
Laboratory at Kamloops and will constitute the first work in field studies of its kind in Canada. The
majority of the two-winged parasites in question, the Sarcophagidae, will come to the University collections; the rest go to the National Collection at Ottawa. This summer, he initiated a new phase of
attack against locust outbreaks in British Columbia,that of applying several kinds of commercial fertilizers on the cattle ranges, especially on the egg beds of our most widespread species, Camnula
pellucida, with a view to so stimulating growth as to render the grass leaves too tough for newly-
emerged hopper nymphs so that they will starve in the midst of plenty, and to provide the tall dense
growth which afford optimum conditions for the development of Empusa fungus, a highly effective natural
control of these insects. Of a number of fertilizers tried, he found that ammonium nitrate at the basic
rate of 400 lbs. per acre best answers these requirements and produces an unparalleled growth of all
range vegetation. The grass thus stimulated is more acceptable to horses and cattle than anything
surrounding it. If this project succeeds, it will mean that cattle growers need only fertilize the egg
beds of Camnula which are very clearly delimited, instead of treating them with repeated sprays of
oil emulsion and poisoned baits as is now the recognized procedure, arid will have in addition better
pasture on these areas than they have ever had before. In addition, he tried out applications of DDT
against grasshoppers on the ranges but found that this chemical, even as a three per cent dust
mixture, kills every insect except grasshoppers and that its lethal effect lasts for two weeks at least.
It apparently requires applications of ten to fifteen per cent DDT to kill hoppers and at this rate, the
cost is too great to be considered.
Dr. Cowan directed his research during the year primarily towards completing the review of the
Avifauna of British Columbia that is being undertaken in collaboration with Mr. J. A. Munro. The
manuscript of this study is how complete except for certain maps'and it is hoped that the current
year will see publication. - Preliminary work on a Handbook of the Mammals of British Columbia
involved studies of the systematics of certain groups of the rodent genera Ochotona and Eutamias.
Brief systematic papers on the results of these studies are in press. Much data in connection with
the field investigations in the National Parks and on the Queen Charlotte Islands is being worked up.
Dr. Hoar carried out an extensive study of the statistics of the chum and pink salmon catches
in British Columbia waters over the whole period of official record. A detailed report has been submitted to the Fisheries Research Board. He also carried out observations on the effects on fish life of
DDT used in an area on the west coast of Vancouver Island for the control of forest insect pests.
MUSEUM v
During the year the vertebrate collection in the Museum of Zoology continued to expand. The
mammal collection was augmented by 634 specimens and currently stands at 1846 catalogued specimens.    The bird collection received but few additions during the year—however, there 'are extensive
Forty^four-. uncatalogued series still to be studied and entered in the departmental catalogues. Thirty amphibians
and reptiles were identified and catalogued.
A major accomplishment during the year was the organization of the reference catalogue of the
mammal collection. This was completed through the assistance of Mr. James Hatter1. Similar reference catalogues of the birds and amphibians and reptiles are urgently needed and it is hoped that
some advance in this direction will be possible during 1947.
It is a pleasure to acknowledge a large amount of volunteer curatorial assistance through the
year from Mr. J. Yarwood and Mr. Chas. Guiguet.
Professor Spencer continued to add to the insect collections, contributing eight Schmitt boxes of
material, two of which consisted of bumble bees.
CONCLUSION
The year under review showed the largest registration in the history of the University. The
opening of the first post-war session found this University, as well as most other universities on the
North American continent, with a dearth both of instructors and of places in which- to give instruction.
We were exceedingly fortunate in meeting the double demand for instructors and for buildings. Competent instructors were obtained by impressing into service certain of the faculty wives and other
wives with academic qualifications, although submerged more or less recently in the domestic rather
than in the scholastic field. Also the services were obtained of certain retired high school teachers
and a few of our professors whose retirement was postponed for the emergency.
Places of instruction were provided by moving on to the campus, either in toto or in part, by
truck aryi by scow, abandoned army huts from near and far and fitting them up for lecture rooms,
laboratories, reading rooms, etc. A splendid job was done, and is still being done in this respect. In
fact the huts,, with their commodious halls (the Great Outdoors), are proving so satisfactory that they
may unconsciously be for another quarter of a century some of the "Buildings for the Future" of which
the inhabitants of the Fairview Huts sang and for which they worked a quarter of a century ago.
Scarcity" of text-books and reference books, and lack of laboratory equipment impeded the work
of certain classes even after an instructor was obtained and a class room assigned. On the whole,
however, the work of the session'was carried out exceedingly well and my thanks are here recorded
to staff and students alike for the cheerful and willing way in which all co-operated.
Attention is directed to the Special Winter Session (January to April) and the Special Spring
Session (May, and June) for ex-service personnel. These Special Sessions, together with the regular
Summer Session, enabled a veteran to begin his work in January, in May or in July if he was unable
to start in September. 'Thus very, little time was lost between the time of discharge and the time to
begin study. Further, the special sessions, particularly in the Spring and the Summer, enabled the
veteran to make up for the time lost while he was1 in the services. From an academic point of view
much may be said againstMhe policy of crowding instruction into too short a period, but to a veteran
who has already lost from two to six years out of his academic life and particularly to one with a
wife and family, the urgency of obtaining a degree seems to be paramount. And, at this point it
would seem to be appropriate to record the high appreciation expressed by the staff for the excellent
standard of work accomplished by the veterans.
At the time of writing this report, I should like to extend a welcome to our colleagues who have
returned after leave of qbsence in various fields during the war and to the new members of the
Faculty. .'
In conclusion, I wish to pay tribute to the staff who carried unusually heavy burdens with large
classes and long hours and in particular to my Assistant, Mr. W. H. Gage, and to my Secretary, Miss
Vera E. Bell, who carried on the work of my office during my enforced absence in the Fall of 1945.
My thanks are also due to the * President for the way in which he met every request for more
assistance and supplies expeditiously, amply and cheerfully.
.    . Respectfully submitted',
DANIEL BUCHANAN,
Dean, Faculty of Arts and Science.
Fonty-five Report of
The Dean of The Faculty of Applied Science
The increased enrolment in all classes laid a heavy additional burden on all members of the
teaching and administrative staffs. This was especially true in the Department oi Civil Engineering
on whose staff falls the greater portion of instruction given to the first and second years in this
Faculty. In addition to the increased teaching loads during the regular autumn and winter sessions,
several members of the staff gave instruction in the special classes provided for veterans throughout
the spring and summer months. The second year was so large that it was found impossible to provide
sufficient equipment for the course in field surveying in the month of May. It is proposed to give
some instruction in this subject to this group during the succeeding autumn and winter terms.
Nearly all the members of the staff gave freely of their time and advice in the, preparation of
plans for the first unit of the proposed permanent applied science building which it is hoped will be
ready for occupancy in September, 1948. In the intervening period, the large number of army huts
brought to the campus will provide some space for drafting rooms, laboratories, class rooms and offices.
The Board of Governors has been generous in supplying additional instructors and equipment.
In the Department of Forestry important changes were made in the curriculum. The courses
leading to double degrees in Forestry and Commerce, Forestry and Botany, and Forestry caid Economics were discontinued, and a new course in general forestry leading to the degree of Bachelor of
Science in Forestry. (B.S.F.) was introduced. The course in Forest Engineering is continued without
material change in content, /
A real start was 'made on the development of the University Forest Reserve at Haney. Two
miles of road from the Forest entrance to the proposed main camp site at Loon Lake were completed.
The camp site was partly cleared and plans were made for the erection of some of the camp buildings. Field work can now be conducted effectively. Work authorized by the British Columbia Research Council in 1945 was continued, permanent sample plot'measurements were made, and studies
of re-stocking logged areas completed. Dr. Allen continued his work on the embryogeny and anatomy
of Douglas fir. He completed a comprehensive study of embryogeny and the development of the
apical merietems of shoot and root in Pseudotsuga. It is hoped that this work will provide a foundation for future investigations of the genetics of Douglas fir and for physiological studies of the factors
which affect growth and reproduction in this important timber tree.
All members of the forestry staff were engaged on research and investigative work during the
summer. Professors Liersch and Wright were engaged by the Powell River Company Limited to
examine and report on the conditions of the Company's logged-off lands on the lower cpast; Dr.
Griffith continued his work with Mr. C. D. Schultz, Consulting Engineer; Dr. Allen was engaged in
teaching during the summer session; and Professor Knapp' was in charge of the road development
in the University Research Forest. l
Professor Liersch was elected to the Council of the Association of Professional Engineers of
B.C., was chairman of the Vancouver Section of the Canadian Society of Forest Engineers, B. C. representative on the West Coast Forestry Procedures Committee, and vice-chairman for British Columbia
on the Puget Sound section of the Society of American Foresters. Professor Knapp continued on the
Council of the Association of Professional Engineers of B. C. as past president and as secretary of the
Forestry Advisory Committee of the British Columbia Research' Council. Dr. Griffith continued as
secretary .of the Vancouver Section of the Canadian Society of .Forest Engineers and was their representative at the annual meeting held at Regina.
In the Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering the enrolment showed a heavy increase. In September, El 945, 58 students were registered for the fifth year and 71 students for the
fourth year. Over 500 students were taking Mechanical Drawing in the second year. In addition, 12
graduate and honours students in Physics and Chemistry took certain courses in the Department.
During the year the curriculum for the senior years of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
was carefully considered and certain changes were made, which have received the approval of
Senate. In. common with all departments of the Faculty, the numbering of the years, following senior
matriculation or first year Arts, has been changed to first, second, third, and fourth.
A full year course in Aeronautics has been included in the fourth year of Mechanical Engineering. This course is optional with the two courses, Power and Plant Design and Heating, and Heating,
Ventilating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. Thus students interested in Aeronautics can obtain
some knowledge of the subject before proceeding to other universities for special study in this field.
Forty-sibc The demand for more work in Electronics has been met by a new course in this subject in the
third year of Electrical Engineering. This will be followed in the fourth year by a course in Electrical
Communication, somewhat more advanced than the one formerly given. There have been requests
for a degree in. Electronics, but the Department is in agreement with the present trends which do not
favour narrow specialization in undergraduate work.
The completion of the new Electronics laboratory relieved the pressure on the Electrical laboratories and also provided space for classes in problem work. Equipment in all laboratories limits the
number of students which can be accommodated at one time to not more than twenty-five. By
dividing classes into two sections and by repeating most laboratory courses the work was carried on
in a very satisfactory manner. With the larger classes expected in 1947 and to a greater extent in
1948, laboratory accomodation will become a serious problem. This situation may be relieved to some
extent by the purchase of certain pieces of equipment which will be useful even when classes return
to normal size.      '    ■
Contacts with the profession and industry are considered important. Most members of the Department are active in various technical institutes and societies in the city. Three members are on
the Board of Examiners for the Association of Professional Engineers of British Columbia. Four members were employed during the summer by engineering and architectural companies in the province.
All these contacts give added experience and tend to increase an instructor's value as a teacher. The
Department has also assisted industries in the solution of a number of their problems and in some
design work.
To meet the requests of several graduate instructors, arrangements were made in the summer
of 1946 to offer post-graduate courses in Mechanical and Electrical work. In d few cases these courses
will lead to research work. Plans are being made to encourage more postgraduate work-as soon as
the undergraduate classes return to normal size.
I record, with deep regret, the death on August 1st, 1946, of Captain John F. Bell, O.B.E., R.N.,
a former member of the teaching staff in the Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.
At the outbreak of war in 1939, he was granted leave of absence so that he might return to the Royal
Canadian Navy. After the close of the war, he returned to his old Department and served as Assistant
in Mechanical Engineering during the session 1945-46. As instructor and friend he endeared himself to
students and colleagues who mourn his passing. /
This year marks a period of transition in the Department of Mining and Metallurgy, occasioned
by the retirement of Professor J. M. Turnbull and Professor G. A. Gillies. Reference was made to Professor Turnbull's retirement in a previous report. Professor Gillies, who would have reached the age
of retirement in 1946, was compelled by ill health to tender his resignation in December, 1945. For
twenty-six years, as assistant professor, associate professor and professor of Metallurgy, and by his
researches on flotation reagents, he made valuable contributions to the work of the University. The
good wishes of his colleagues follow him in his retirement.
There were no important changes in policy in the Department of Mining and Metallurgy, though
it should be mentioned that the addition of a fourth member of the staff, Dr. C. S. Samis, provided
the opportunity to examine and revise the courses in Chemical Metallurgy. Also, the employment of
a part-time assayer proved particularly-valuable in conducting'the laboratory courses iaC^ernical
Metallurgy and Mineral Dressing.
The enrolment in Mining, Metallurgy and Geology was not large (35 in fourth and fifth years),
but the large class (38) in Mechanical Engineering, and graduate students (10 taking one or more
courses given by the Department) provided a total (83) higher than that of previous years.
Three members of the staff carried out activities in the field of public relations, comprising
active participation on technical-and professional commttees, several public lectures, attendance at
technical meetings, plant visits with classes, travel to out-of-town mines and plants, and consulting
work.
The research work of the Department of Mining and Metallurgy was carried out in two different ways: by students and by collaboration with the B. C. Research Council. Three graduate veteran
students commenced work on research projects in physical metallurgy, which were to require two
years to complete. Unfortunately, each of the three students obtained permanent employment, and
there is little prospect that any of them will return to the University to complete the work. The cooperative research project with the B. C. Research Council was carried out by Dr. C. S. Samis in the
laboratories of the Department of Mining and Metallurgy. This extensive investigation was concerned
with the treatment of a nickel silicate ore for the Freeport Sulphur Company. Dr. Samis' records and
reports were turned' over to the Research Council.
The facilities of the Department were used by the staff of the Research Council throughout $ae
year for conducting their investigations in metallurgy and mineral dressing, as the Council had ,rio
.   I        ■-,-;.■:
Forty-seven laboratories of its' own until May, 1946. This arrangement did not prove very satisfactory, and, with
the greatly increased undergraduate enrolment for the session 1946-47,- it has been found necessary
to discontinue the co-operative plan with the Research Council.
In the Department of Nursing and Health a still further increase in the enrolment of final year
students was experienced, a total of 55 completing the course in Public Health Nursing and 11 the
course in Teaching and Supervision. Of the former group, 17 were awarded the degree of B.A.Sc.
and 38 the certificate; while in the latter group, 4 received the degree and 7 the certificate.
It is gratifying to record a still further increase in the number of nurses enrolling for the Teaching and Supervision course. The shortages in the nursing profession are nowhere more marked
than in regard to the senior appointments in schools of nursing. Until larger numbers of well-qualified nurses favour assuming the responsibilities of such teaching and supervisory posts, it will be
difficult to raise the standards of the nursing profession still further, or even to maintain them at the
present level; while the problem of recruitment to the staffs of nursing departments in universities
will also remain very acute. Great credit is due to Miss Mallory, who has carried a heavy lecturing
and administrative load in connection with this course.
The 55 students who graduated in Public Health Nursing represent a very large contribution to
the public health services of this 'and other provinces. This total represents three times the average
graduating class of this department in pre-war years. The public need and demand is for yet more
health units, with larger numbers of public health nurses. Difficulties of providing adequate field
work prevent us from at present expanding this class still further. A more cogent reason is that the
quality of applicants must be maintained. To date the department has not rejected the application of
any candidate of sound academic background and good health.
Those agencies which had participated in the field work programme in previous vears continued to manifest an excellent spirit of co-operation. However, the provision for satisfactory field work
experience for students remains one of our biggest departmental problems, and inevitably becomes
more acute with increasing size of classes. The major difficulty lies in the lack of personnel in the
local health units who are trained and experienced enough to plan and assist with a good student
programme. The junior staff in these health units is constantly changing, so that the senior members,
Of such units have little time for attention to the teaching needs of the students we may send to them.
Largely arising out of this dilemma is the growing conviction among the agencies that they are entitled to some financial return for the time and effort devoted to students. Some universities are
already making at least a token payment for field work facilities. There would seem to be a sound
principle involved in such payment for services, since this evades the difficulties of having to be critical of a service provided free.
Contacts with our degree course students enrolled at the Vancouver General Hospital have been
almost nil during the year. This is greatly regretted, but has been unavoidable during our present
staff shortages and high enrolment. The only feasible solution of this-problem would be the appointment of an additional staff member, whose major responsibility would be the supervision of our students
during their period of hospital training.
All members of the Department of Nursing and Health participated in the giving of extra-mural
lectures to professional and lay groups. Miss Mallory held the office of Honorary Secretary of the Canadian Nurses Association until June, 1946, when she was elected Second Vice-President. She is also
President of the Registered Nurses' Association of British Columbia. Miss Mallory also attended a
meeting of the Provisional Council of University Schools and Departments of Nursing held in Toronto
on July 1st, 1946. Miss Capell is Vice-president of the Greater Vancouver District, Registered Nurses'
Association of British Columbia. She has also been Chairman of a Committee of Public Health
Nurses which made a study of the adequacy of provincial legislation in Canada for the control of
tuberculosis." - -
Towards the end of the year under review, plans were being completed for transfer of the Department of Nursing and Health to two army huts. This will alleviate the * appalling problem of inadequate accommodation which the department has suffered from for the past several years,
During August, the organization and work of this department- were reviewed by 'Dn vjohri B.
Grant, member of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation, in the course of a
survey relating to the provision of training facilities for public health and related personnel. The outline of departmental objectives and activities presented to him, which was compiled by Miss Mallory,
was described by him as by far, the best he had received from any nursing school or department in
Canada.'
Respectfully submitted,
J. N. FINLAYSON,
Dean, Faculty of Applied Science.
Forty-eight Report of
The Dean of The Faculty of Agriculture
-As in previous years, this Report is compiled in the main from individual departmental reports.
There are, however, several general statements pertaining to the Faculty as a whole which I would
stress first of all.
Although we are extremely grateful for the additional laboratory space provided during the
year as material and labour became available, the crying need of the Faculty of Agriculture is still
accommodation. There are few purely lecture courses offered in this Faculty. The new laboratory
space has eased Conditions somewhat where the larger lower-year classes are concerned, but senior
and graduate students are still working under a tremendous handicap.
One of the most outstanding features in the increased registration in the Faculty has been the
number of ex-service men registered in the Occupational Course. Previously, this course normally had
a registration of less than half-a-dozen; now the number is around fifty. The general increase in the
lower-year courses is, of course, common to the whole University.
Before dealing with each Department separately, there are a few points which apply in general:
(a) A great deal of extension work outside the University and co-operative work within and
outside the University has, as in other years, been carried on. This work consumes a great deal of
time and effort on the part of nearly all members of the Faculty of Agriculture, but except in a few
cases no special mention of it has been made in this Report.
(b) Service work conducted" by telephone, correspondence, and visits to the University and at
the farms of those seeking assistance is carried on by each Department. This work also makes tremendous inroads on the time of the staff.
(c) At present, the major portion of the time and energy of staff members is devoted to teaching and this, combined with additional demands made upon them, leaves little or no place for the individual and vital research problems in which these men are interested or for the publication of scientific papers.
(d) During part of the year, full-time assistants were employed as instructors of ex-service personnel. These men worked yery hard and rendered excellent service in the emergency. Their names
are as follows:
Department of Agronomy—Mr.  Stuart W. Turner (Crops); Mr. E. J. Fennell (Soils).
Department of Animal Husbandry—Mr. R. D. Twiss (Fall Term); Mr. C. W. Vrooman (Spring
Term).
Department of Dairying—Miss Jean Campbell, B.A.
Department of Horticulture—Mr. John B. Teir; Miss Jean McMullan.
Department of Poultry Husbandry—Mr. Milton Narod, B.S.A., M.S.A.
Except as otherwise noted, these assistants had all obtained the degree of Bachelor of Science ih Agriculture from this University.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
For the first time in its history, the Department consisted of more than vone man.- Mr. E. D.
Woodward, who did very acceptable work as halftime assistant for eight months in the Session 1945-
46, has been appointed full-time instructor for the session 1946-47.
PUBLICATIONS
Two bulletins were published:
"Some Factors that Influence Poultry Farm Incomes" by E. D. Woodward.
"An Income Analysis of a Sample Farming District with Particular Reference to the Importance of Self-Sufficiency" by Milton C. Taylor.
These were mimeographed and distributed to co-operators in the surveys and other interested parties.
Mr. Woodward's publication is now in the hands of the King's Printer and will be re-issued by the
Provincial Department of Agriculture.
Forty-nine CO-OPERATIVE PROJECTS AND SURVEYS
Mr. W. J. Anderson of the Dominion Department of Agricultural Economics, working in co-operation with this Department, completed a study in Central British Columbia entitled: "A Study'of Land
Settlement in the Prince George-Smithers Area". This will become a Dominion Department'of Agriculture publication.
The Provincial Department of Agriculture, the Vancouver Milk Distributors' Association, and the
Victoria Pasteurized Milk Distributors' Association contributed $5,000.00 with which to make a Study of
the Cost of Milk Production. Records were obtained from about three hundred farms on the Coast during the summer and a report is in the course of preparation.
Safeway Stores Limited made a substantial gift of rnoney with which to conduct a Small Fruit
Farm Survey. Records have been secured from about eighty farms, and a report is in the course of
preparation. '
DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY
No changes were made in courses during the year. Owing to lack of staff, the offering of three
courses had to be held in abeyance.   The course, Agronomy II, was offered during the Spring Session.
RESEARCH -
■   Such research as was carried out was by undergraduate and graduate students on long-term
departmental projects.    The following studies were furthered during the year:
Hydrolysis of Casein by Actinomycetes.
Boron Content of B. C. Soils.
The Organic Fraction of Central Interior Soils.
Alsike Clover with Special Reference to Some Experiments conducted in British Columbia.
Field Root Breeding.   -
The Utilization of a B. C. Fishery Waste as an Agricultural Fertilizer.
Work on the Neubauer studies had to be postponed this year because of the pressure of teaching duties.
ALFALFA PROJECT
Arrangements were completed with Mr. Alfred Needoba in the Salmon River Valley, North
Okanagan, for the growing and multiplication of the new alfalfa strain. Twenty acres were seeded
at the beginning of May and inspections during the summer showed that an excellent stand had been
obtained. *      .
Progress was continued with what has been called the "second selection" material, in which
thirteen strains of exceptional promise have been isolated. - These are now being multiplied for further testing purposes. Under a re-organization of material carried out this Spring, this project is
enjoying the active support and interest of the Dominion Experimental Farm at Agassiz. The dual
check and consequent possibility of more rapid -multiplication will mean that this work will proceed
much more quickly than has been possible heretofore.
During the summer of 194,6, Dr. G. G. Moe visited the-United States to see the work of alfalfa
breeders there. It is to be noted that the alfalfa material at the University is particularly suited to the
application of heferosis, which principle the most advanced-breeding workers in the United States are
endeavouring to apply to alfalfa varieties and strains. A great deal of interest was shown there in
our material, which has been advanced from the original cross made by Dr. P. A. Boving, Professor
Emeritus, in 1917, to a point where a new variety is almost ready for introduction.
CO-OPERATIVE SEED PROJECT
Under the co-operative seed project carried on with the Provincial Department of Agriculture, the
following quantities of seeds were produced and shipped to the order of that Department:
Victory Oats ,. 3,193 lbs.
Eagle 'Oats     .  847   "
Alaska Oats 266   "
Red Bobs Spring Wheat 620'   "
Prolific Spring Rye 722   "
Jones' Fife Wheat   .       : 195   "
Dawson's Golden Chaff Fall Wheat 1,222    "
Ridit Fall Wheat         1,100    "
Storm Fall Rye      .       .        .       1,259 . "
Kharkov Fall Wheat 474   "
Fifty POTATO INDEX WORK
The usual assistance was given to the Export Potato Growers in the testing of Tuber Index Seed.
This work is vital to the development of seed stocks, disease-free, for purposes of export to the United
States markets.
SOIL TESTING
Although this service is carried on under considerable difficulties caused by lack of time and
laboratory space, some two hundred samples were examined and reported upon.
OUTSIDE DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES
As during the past five summers, Dr. D. G. Laird was associated with the Dominion-Provincial
Soil Survey. It might be stated here that this work iS carried on at the expense of holidays and the
research in-which he is so much interested.
Dr. V. C. Brink initiated the Pasture Studies and Potato Fertilizer Studies assisted the Potato
Growers with various problems, and continued to build up the departmental Herbarium' for instructional
purposes in the Range, Pasture and Weeds courses.
DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSEANDRY
Courses were given as usual in the Department of Animal Husbandry, and Animal Husbandry
15 was' offered during the Summer Session. '
Departmental association was continued and developed during the year with the B. C. Research
Council, Breeders' Associations, Veterinary Associations, Feed Standards Board, Junior Farmer Clubs,
Fairs and Exhibition Associations. An exhibit of Ayrshires was made at the Red and White Shpw,
Langley Prairie, in June, 1946.    A separate report on this matter was presented at the time.
AYRSHIRE LINEBREEDING PROGRAMME
The breeding plan, outlined in some detail in last year's departmental report, was continued during the year. Most of the younger animals are now linebred. Very creditable production records
have been made, butterfat percentage showing a marked improvement, and type, as measured by
classification and by the show ring, is of a high standard. "
RESEARCH PROJECTS
An investigational study of Calfhood Vaccination is being continued with the college herd of
cattle. Because of the nature of the study, this is a long-term project.
A Mastitis research project, under the auspices of the B. C. Research Council, was continued.
The investigational and laboratory work of this study is divided jointly between the Departments of
Dairying and Animal Husbandry.
Studies of problems associated with meat quality and feeding steers, lambs and bacon hogs
were continued. This work was again supported by Safeway Stores Limited and other organizations
listed in last year's departmental report.
HEALTH OF ANIMALS
(a) Cattle. The entire herd was tested during the year and Certificate No. 7495 received declaring the herd Tuberculosis-free.
Calfhood vaccination against Bang's disease continued to prove satisfactory in the 'control of
this disease in the herd. Premature births in the herd since 1940 represent only 4.2 percent of all
gestation periods. This figure is well below the recognized 6 per cent loss due to causes other than
disease. ,
Only four clinical cases of Mastitis occurred, all of which made good apparent recoveries.
Sterility in the herd continued to be somewhat of a problem, but only one animal had to be
disposed of.    Only thirteen cows required veterinary attention because of obstetrical and parturition
trouble. *
(i>) Laboratory and Clinical Work. This service, utilized by the Province at large quite extensively, included the following tests during the year:
Blood specimens 22
Fecal specimens       ...... 2
Tissue specimens     . ,. 7
Post mortems 11
Fifty-one (c) Poultry Diseases. A total of 577,329 blood tests was conducted in the field and laboratory
during the year for Pullorum disease. Several hundred laboratory examinations of chicks, poults and
growing birds were made. A 5-day course for twenty-two testers was conducted at the beginning of
the season.
Because of fewer outbreaks of disease and greater familiarity therewith on the part of the poul-
trymen, less vaccination work in the control of infectious diseases was carried out than in 1944-45.
The pathologist vaccinated 54,000 birds, to control Infectious Laryngotracheitis,
RECORD OF PERFORMANCE
The whole Ayrshire herd continued on test.
DEPARTMENT OF DAIRYING
The usual courses were offered in the Department. The lack of laboratory space, although
greatly ameliorated towards the end of the year, still constituted somewhat of a problem in the larger
classes. The Department continued to utilize certain facilities of commercial firms for instructional purposes in the technological aspects of the teaching work. Dairying 3 was offered during the Summer
Session.
LABORATORIES
Additional laboratory space (one hut) provided during the year has proved eminently satisfactory for course work and given some relief to the needs of senior students. However,-.the lack of
a laboratory for instruction in the practical and technological aspects of the Diary Industry has still
mdae it impossible to develop this phase of the Department's work in the training of students and
meeting the needs of the Industry.
In this connection, it might be stated that although requests have be^n received (a) to provide
facilities for the Dairy School provided by the Provincial Department of Agriculture in connection with
the granting of Testers' and Cream Graders' licences, and (b) to institute a short course for the training
of men to be employed in Dairy plants, we cannot be of any assistance until adequate facilities for
instruction in the technological aspects of the Dairy Industry are available.
RESEARCH
Work was continued on problems associated with the development of the Dairy Industry throughout the Province.
~ Studies relating to the problems of cheese-making in the North Okanagan Valley were continued. As a part of this study and in co-operation with the Department of Dairying at the University
of Manitoba, the Department has carried out work on problems concerned with the manufacture of
Cheddar cheese from pasteurized milk. .
Work was continued on flavour defects in butter. Closely related to this problem 'is the work
carried out under a grant from the National Research Council on "A Study of the Genus Pseudo-
monas".
Work was. also carried out on the influence of ionic balance on the heat stability x>f evaporated milk and on the application of microbiological assay methods to the determination of various items
in Dairy Products. -
The Department has continued to provide laboratory accommodation for work of the B. C. Research Council on Mastitis.
The arrangements made with the Provincial Diary Commissioner whereby the Department undertakes to supply standard alkali solution to dairies throughout the Province were continued.
The emergency budget made possible the purchase of laboratory supplies and equipment adequate for the increased number of students, but the provision of equipment for the course work in
Dairy Technology is a problem still awaiting solution. ,
DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
The usual courses were offered in the Department of Horticulture during the Session 1945-46.
The major emphasis in the activity of staff'members was on teaching and such investigational work
as could be conducted as a phase of teaching, with the exception of the following four projects which,
incidentally, provided class material and practical experience for students:
, ' Fifty-two (a) Vegetable Seed Trials (in co-operation with the Dominion Government)—10th year.
. (b) Foundation Stocks of certain Vegetable, Varieties (by arrangement with the Canadian
Seed Growers' Association).
(c) Flower Trials (commenced in 1946).
(d) Food Values of British Columbia Fruits and Vegetables and Factors which affect them
(under the B. C. Research Council).
The regular professorial staff of two was increased by the appointment of one part-time lecturer
and two full-time emergency assistants. As well as carrying the normal teaching load, Dr. A. F.
Barss supervised campus, development and maintenance, Dr. G. H. Harris was in large measure
responsible for student problem work in the Department, and Mr. F. E. Buck served as Consulting
Landscape Architect for the campus.
DIPLOMA COURSE IN HORTICULTURE
During the year a course leading to a Diploma in Horticulture, first urged by the B. C. Professional Gardeners' Association,, was approved in principle by Senate and the Board of Governors.
Final details have yet to be arranged.
LEASE IN HORTICULTURE (Greenhouse)
The lease of the Greenhouse to Mr. Frank Garnish was cancelled as of April 1, 1946, and Mr.
Garnish was appointed Foreman in the Department of Horticulture. The Greenhouse is now being
used for class-room and laboratory purposes.
FOUNDATION SEED WORK
Work was resumed during the year on foundation stocks of one variety each of five different
vegetables. This was first started in 1940 with financial assistance from the Agricultural Marketing
Bureau, Vancouver. At the request of the Canadian Seed Growers' Association, this number will be
increased to ten varieties in all in 1947.
FLOWER SEED TRIALS
For the first time in fifteen years, because of the increasing importance of Floriculture, tests were
carried out using eighty-three annual flowers, to which were added a number of Chrysanthemum and
Dahlia varieties, making a total of ninety-eight lots in the Flower Trials.
VEGETABLE SEED TRIALS
This was the, tenth consecutive year during which the Department conducted a series of vegetable seed trials in co-operation with the Plant Products Division of the Dominion Department of
Agriculture. Three hundred and forty-five samples were on test and, as in other years, the Department supplied general supervision, land, and part of the materials and labour required for preparation.    Labour costs were cared for by grants made up as follows:
Dominion Department of Agriculture $1,000.00
Provincial Department of Agriculture  125.00
The B.C. Co-operative Seed Association ....... 125.00
The Brackman-Ker Milling Company (New Westminster) .        . 100.00
 $1,350.00
This work constitutes a definite contribution towards the country's effort to produce high quality seed
for export and also furnishes material and experience for students.
EXTENSION WORK
Extension work during the year took the form of lectures given out in the Province as reported
by the Department of University Extension and also two short courses offered for Seed Growers and
for Fruit and Vegetable Canners. -
Three short courses were held, one in Vancouver on Amateur Gardening, one at Cloverdale
and one at Langley Prairie.
Fifty-three RESEARCH
The following researches were conducted, mainly in the form of graduating essays:
(a) Studies with Plant Growth Promoting Substances
(i) Vitamin Bl
(ii) Ortho-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid
(i>) Studies in Nitrogen Fertilizer Levels
(c) A Study Of Vinifera Grape Growing and Wine Making in British Columbia.
The following graduate researches were carried on during the year:
•       (a) The Influence of Growth Stimulants on Propagating Cuttings.
(£>) The Evaluation of a new Fish-waste Fertilizer Product.
(c) The Extraction of a Low-Sugar Pectin from B. C. Apples.
(d) Concerning the Food Value of B. C. Apples.
Studies are also being carried out in connection with Hydroponics and Photoperiodism.
FOOD VALUES OF B.- C. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
Under a grant from the B. C. Research Council, two Years'of work have now been completed in
assaying the nutritive value of small fruits and vegetables in the Coastal Area and Vancouver
Island, together with the soils on which they were grown. Analyses have also been made of competing imported produce, comparison showing calcium and phosphorus deficiencies prevalent in the
local product, with iron comparatively high. '
In rat feeding experiments, some apples were found to contain a growth-promoting, activity- increasing substance, and an attempt is now being made to isolate this "vigor" factor.
DEPARTMENT OF POULTRY HUSRANDRY
The usual courses were offered in the Department during the year, and Poultry 12a and 12b were
offered during the Spring Session.
It may be noted that the possibilities of rehabilitation of ex-servicemen have been demonstrated
in a number of cases of returned men who are already on the way to establishment in commercial
poultry or turkey farming enterprises after six months' training at the University.
POULTRY PLANT v
Improved laboratory facilities with the re-conditioned hut have permitted more adequate practice and training in judging and selecting poultry and eggs. Increased flocks afforded better selection
material for students as well as the adoption of the new Dominion Government policy of extending
progeny testing. , /
R.O.P. PULLETS
The largest number of individually pedigreed pullets bred -so far were entered during the past
year as follows: v
200 White Leghorns
100 Rhode Island Reds
200 Barred Plymouth Rocks
80 New Hampshires
In addition to aiming for high egg production, great attention is being given in the breeding policy to
early feathering, rapid growth, meat type, and inheritance of resistance and suceptibility to disease.
RESEARCH IN BREEDS
(a) New Breeds—Redbar and Cambar
From a study of Redbar chicks, a technique for the classification of male and female down
colour has been established which permits a baby-chick sexing accuracy of over 95 per cent.
Both Redbar and Cambar breeds are now in the final stages of grooming for admission to the
American Standard of Perfection. It might be noted that the Department of Poultry. Husbandry is
being urged by Dominion Government Inspectors to enter these breeds in R.O.P.
(b) Rhode Island Reds and Barred'Plymouth Rocks , ■    -
As a result of an extensive breeding programme all Rhode Island Reds on the Poultry Plant
are now early fast feathering. However, further research is needed to bring this quality up to the best
standards in other breeds. '
Fifty-four DISPOSAL OF STOCK
The development of research and R.O.P. Certification has brought about an increase in the sale
of breeding stock to poultrymen in British Columbia, the Prairies, the United States and Mexico.
A ready market has been found locally for surplus meat birds and poultry products.
NUTRITION
POULTRY FEEDING PROJECT (Surrey Co-operative Association)—
This study, sponsored by the Surrey Co-operative Association, Cloverdale, from March 16, 1944
to March 15, 1946, dealt with substitutions in rations for products which were high' priced and scarce
during the war years. The results of the experiments were of particular value to the poultry farmers
in the Province. The Board of Directors of the Surrey Co-operative Association, following favorable
consideration of a report on the feeding project, made a further grant of $1,000.00 to continue the research.
The following researches were also carried on:
(a) The use of Stickwater (fish solubles), a by-product of the fishing industry, as a supple-
ihent in corn-soyabean meal and wheat-soyabean meal rations..
(b) At the request of the Canadian Fishing Company, Vancouver, a biological study of
the stability of Vitamin A in herring meal.
(c) An attempt to discover suitable vitamin carriers or a vitamin-mixture of the B-G com
plex which would satisfactorily supplement a basal diet of wheat, oats, fishmeal,
mineral-mixture and fat-soluble vitamins.
(d) The effect of Diet on Hatchability.
(e) In co-operation with Dr. William Chalmers of Western Chemical Industries, Limited:
' (i) on the relative stability of blended Fish Oils.
(ii) on the preservation of water solutions of Vitamin D (stability).
(f) Studies with female hormones in fattening cockerels for market.
(g) A preliminary study of loss of carotene and Vitamin A in poultry rations,
(h) Studies on causes of poultry disease.
SHOWY COURSES
The usual Fall and Spring Term short courses were offered by the Department at the University
as well as courses at Haney and Armstrong. These courses were well attended, especially by returned servicemen.
The B. C. Poultry School of the Air, conducted during December, 1945, and January and February,^ 1946, with the University and Provincial and Dominion Departments of Agriculture co-operating,
was a new feature developed by Mr. Arthur Renney of the Department of University Extension. . It
might be mentioned .that Mr. Renney's assistance with requests for information from poultrymen in the
Province was invaluable during the year.
Respectfully submitted,
F. M. CLEMENT,
Dean, Faculty of Agriculture.
'ifty-five Report of
The Dean of The Faculty of Law
This was the first year of the Faculty. The Senate, on August 24th, and the Board of Governors, on August 27th, 19.45, gave approval to the recommendations of the General Advisory Committee
of a month earlier which provided for the establishment of d Faculty of Law at the University. Time
for organizing was short, but with the co-operaion of all concerned it was possible to commence lectures on September 24th.
The curriculum is based on the standard curriculum adopted by the Canadian Bar Association
for instruction in the common law system with modifications that have been made from time to time.
Two courses are provided. The five-year course consists of two years work in Arts and Science followed by three years in Law and leads to the degree of Bachelor of Laws. The six-year combined
course consists of three years in the Faculty of Arts and Science, followed by three years in the
Faculty of Law. In this latter course the degree of Bachelor of Arts is granted on completion of the
second year in Law and the "degree of Bachelor of Laws on completion of the final year in the Faculty
of Law.
A much heavier enrolment than had been anticipated took place with nearly eighty students
registered in the First Year. The majority of these were returned men. They had a marked keenness for their work and took the, somewhat "pioneer" conditions of the early months in their stride.
The Law Society of British Columbia co-operated closely with the University in setting up the
Faculty. For many years the Society had maintained the Vancouver Law School for the instruction of
law students in Vancouver and the vicinity. With the appearance of the Faculty of Law, arrangements were made whereby the facilities of the Faculty were extended to Law Society students then
in process of qualifying for the Bar, and these students, in addition to those regularly registered, received instruction from" the Faculty during the year.
Soon after the opening of term two army huts were made available, to house the Law Library
and the administrative offices and they served their purpose well. As the year went on it" became
clear that larger quarters would be necessary in view of the heavy enrolment. Early in the summer
of 1946 two larger army huts were converted into a law building and the books and equipment moved
to the new location during the summer vacation.
The assembling of an adequate Law Library presented an acute problem. Because of the war
law books had become in very short supply. Many of the English works had been destroyed by
enemy action, and labour and paper shortages handicapped publishers gravely. Nevertheless, during the year it has been possible to accumulate a working library in excess of five thousand volumes,
containing the principal law reports, periodicals and text books. Substantial gifts of books were made '
by members of the public and the legal profession and this generosity greatly assisted the Faculty.
In October, 1945, the Faculty joined- with the Law Society in providing a Refresher course for
men returning from war service to their practices. Lectures were given from October to the end of
February, and were held three times a week from five_ to seven in the evening. They were well
attended and are believed to have been of considerable assistance in helping servicemen re-establish
themselves in their profession. The approach was essentially a practical one, and the bulk of the
lectures were given by practising members of the Bar with the President, Professor Read and Dean
Curtis giving lectures in their own fields.
In January, the University was host to the members of the profession in the province and to
others at the Formal Opening of the Faculty. After inspecting the two law huts, the guests gathered
in the Brock Memorial Hall under the chairmanship .of the President. The Chancellor of the University
introduced the Chief Justice of British Columbia, the Honourable Gordon "McG. Sloan, who declared
the Faculty formally opened. Felicitations were extended by the Attorney-General of the Province, the
Treasurer of the Law Society and others and the Chief Justice of the Supreme' Court, the Honourable
Wendell" B. Farris, delivered an address on "The New Era in International Affairs".
During the year the members of the Third Year constituted themselves a Moot Court Committee and each member of the First Year argued a case before the Moot Court.
The Faculty has enjoyed the warmest support of the legal profession. In particular, a large
number of the members of the Judiciary and the Bar lent their assistance by acting as Lecturers in
Law.   Those who gave their services in this way are as follows:
Fifty-six Mr. D. T. Braidwood—Executors.
Mr. H. R. Bray, K.C.—Wills.
Mr. C. W. Brazier—Procedure 1.
The Honourable Mr. Justice J. M. Coady—Evidence.
Senator J. W. deB. Farris, K.C.—Constitutional Law.
Mr. A. W. Fisher—Conflicts.
Mr. J. S. Maguire—Landlord and Tenant.
Mr. S. J. Remnant—Criminal Law.
Mr. F. A. Sheppard—Equity.
The Honourable Mr. Justice Sidriey Smith—Shipping.
The; Honourable Mr. Justice J. O. Wilson—Procedure II.
In addition, a number of special lectures were given during the session. Chief Justice Farris
gave the opening lecture of the term on the subject of the "Legal Profession". Later) Mr. R. W. Lane
lectured on "The Workmen's Compensation Act"; Mr. R. H. Tupper on "Corporate Finance"; Mr. R.
D. Guy on "Land Registry Practice"; Mr. W. A. Shultz on "Homicide"; The Honourable Mr. Justice Bird
on "Court of Appeal Procedure". In December, 1945, Mr. E. K. Williams, K.C, President of the Canadian Bar Association, visited the University and addressed the First Year on the work of the Associ-
tion. Another member of the Bar, who contributed valuable services to the Faculty, was Mr. Alfred
Watts, who acted as liaison Secretary and assisted in the organizing work.
Respectfully submitted,
'     GEORGE F. CURTIS,
Dean, Faculty of Law.
Fifty-seven Report of
The Dean of Women
The work of the Dean of Women's Office for the session 1945-46 naturally reflected the increased registration of the University.
Fortunately, the conclusion of hostilities" brought to the end the responsibility of the Office for
the Women's War Work. The University Detachment of the Women's Red Cross Corps which,- under
the leadership of Dr. Hallamore had given .unselfish service through the war, was disbanded during
the year. Sewing and knitting were continued by the women on a volunteer basis. * With the aid oi
Mrs. Muir and her committee who directed their efforts, the students continued to make a valuable
contribution to the work of the Red Cross.
The greatest problem of the year continued to be. the housing question. Students had to depend for accommodation on the generosity of the average citizen and adequate accommodation was not
offered until the very beginning of the college session, Students who found it necessary to move during
term prolonged the housing problem all year. Moreover, before leaving the campus at the end of the
Spring Session, students hastened to secure all rooms that would become available the following September, thus leaving nothing for the new students expected in the autumn. The present dependence of students on the offer of accommodation from private homes makes this a definite University problem. Since
the average citizen awakes to the need only at the last moment, the student is kept too long in uncertainty, and accommodation is offered at a time wheri the Dean of Women is not free to visit the homes
since she is needed in her Office for consultation.
The'University's first attempt to assume responsibility for women's housing was made this session when fifty-three women were given rooms at Acadia Camp. About half of these had been in the
Women's Auxiliary Forces, and all accepted the conditions of camp living in fine spirit. Miss Isobel
Clay represented the Dean of Women in the Camp and acted in an advisory capacity on the student
committee. The girls in residence all reported, that although they might have lived under more
luxurious conditions elsewhere, they much appreciated the good fellowship of community living.
Increased registration also entailed a multiplication of student activities. It is no longer possible for one person to attend the many social events of the University year. Close contact, however,
is maintained with the student officers who keep the Office informed of the various activities planned
by each executive.
The work of the Office is twofold, and consists both in maintaining happy relations with student
organizations and in being available for individual counselling at need. There was a marked increase
during the year for this latter service. Probably one reason for asking advice at this time is a realization of the changing conditions in the post-war world for which the student is preparing.       v-
Respectfully submitted,
DOROTHY M. MAWDSLEY,
Dean of Women.
Fifty-«igbt Report of
The Librarian to The Library Committee of The Senate
During these twelve months the Library has felt the full impact both of the arrival on the campus
of thousands of returned veterans, and of the rapid broadening of the University's curriculum. Indeed,
it operated throughout the year in something not far short of a state of emergency.
A special session for veterans was held in May and June, with the result that University
classes met during all but five of the fifty-two weeks under review. Registration for the regular summer school was approximately 2500, and while it was in session demands on the Library's service
departments were appreciably heavier than they were in the winter session only a few years ago. The
staff had only the briefest of respites between terms, and this not only frayed nerves, but made it
impossible to attend to the innumerable small jobs that must be done sooner or later, but have to be
put aside when reading rooms and stockrooms are crowded. In former years service demands could
be counted upon to drop sharply during May and June, and this provided time in which to plan changes,
make advance preparations, consider book, needs and book orders, bring files up to date, and so on.
Careful work of this kind during the slack months added much to the quality of the service the staff
was able to give during the rest of the year, and it is to be hoped that the University will soon be able
to revert to its regular schedule of sessions.
The new demands made upon the Library have seemed to be virtually endless. The new
Faculty of Law appeared on the scene with little more han a fortnight's notice, and its need for books
was naturally immediate and pressing. In the summer of 1946, Pharmacy, .Architecture, Music, Slavonic Studies, and Agricultural Engineering were added to the list, to mention only entirely new departments. In addition, new courses and revisions of courses have appeared in virtually every department, and the teaching staff has at least tripled in size.
As a result, in addition to an imperative necessity to expand the book collection and facilities
of the Library quantitatively,' to keep pace with the vastly increased student registration, the Library
has been under great pressure to expand into new fields and improve the quality of its collections.
This latter pressure has been most welcome, but unfortunately it has come at a time when conditions
in the book market make careful and systematic book-buying an extremely difficult task.
It would seem, for example, that it should be a simple matter to secure additional copies of the
books selected by the teaching staff for "required reading". Many of them are familiar titles that have
been used, in successively revised editions, for a good many years. At the moment, however, many
of them are unobtainable. Hundreds are out of stock, and the scarcity of paper makes it impossible
for the publishers to say when they will be available, and in what quantity. The commonest of classics
—books that we have always been able to take it for "granted that we could buy at a moment's notice
—have dropped out of print. Standard reprint collections such as the Everyman and Modern libraries
have had hundreds of titles temporarily out of print. Of 18 books ordered recently from a third' well-
known series, only two could be supplied. For a time dictionaries were so scarce that they were
rationed, and a routine order for two large' Merriam-Websters was not filled for nearly a year. In
addition, many books^ printed in England have been issued in such small numbers that even an airmail order sent off immediately after publication was announced, has not arrived in time to secure a
copy. Time and again the Library has had to turn to the second-hand market—which today is coming more and more to coincide with the rare book market—to secure additional copies of the most
familiar standbys.
As a result of all this, the Library has not been able to expand its book collection quickly enough
to keep pace With new demands. Money has. not been the difficulty, for the Board of Governors have
been able and willing to'provide funds for any reasonable requirement. The books themselves have
simply been unobtainable. Fortunately conditions are now improving; but it will be a year at least
before the Library will even be able to place in its "required reading" and reference rooms the number of titles and the number of copies that should be there,
THE H. R. MACMILLAN COLLECTION IN FORESTRY
The outstanding gift received during the year came from Mr. H. R. MacMillan, who offered to
make available to the University sufficient funds to enable the Library to accruire a comprehensive
collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets, etc., relating to Forestry.   Early in the New Year the Librar-
Fifty-nine ion discussed - the project with Mr. MacMillan, who responded by making an , immediate gift of
$3,000.00, earmarked for two purposes: first, to. make it possible for the Library to secure for two months
the services of an experienced Forestry library specialist, who could advise on matters. of policy, and,
secondly, to permit 'the Library to commence the purchase of periodical sets.
Under the terms of this grant Miss Ina Rankin, of the Library of the University of Michigan)
spent July and August in Vancouver, and helped plan the acquisition of the projected collection. By
the end of her visit the scheme had been worked out,in all but its lesser details, and the Library was
ready to go ahead with book buying on a considerable scale. Mr. MacMillan thereupon most generously agreed to make a further sum not exceeding $10,000.00 available, and this will be paid over in
instalments of $2,000.00 as the money is required and previous expenditures are accounted jor.
Mr. MacMillan's gift will enable the Library to build up a really outstanding collection of material not only in Forestry, but also on any related fields that are important to the forest industries in
British Columbia. Let us hope ,that it is only the first of a series of such collections, each closely related
to some phase of the economic'life of Western Canada, that the Library will be able to place on its
shelves.
Mr. MacMillan's generosity to the Library was not confined to the field of Forestry. In the course
of the year he presented two collections of general literature, consisting in all of more than 100
volumes, and in July he gave, to the, University a most interesting original wafer-colour sketch of the
Spanish village at Nootka Sound. The sketch, which was probably painted in the autumn of 1792,
is beautifully executed, and in perfect condition.
THE A.     T. TAYLOR ARCTIC COLLECTION
The other outstanding gift of the year was presented by Mrs. A. J. T. Taylor, who gave to the
Library the fine collection of books on the Arctic, and to a lesser degree the Antarctic, that had been
assembled by her late husband. The 500 volumes are worth at least $4,000.00. Many of them were
purchased with the help of Stefansson, the explorer, who was a close personal friend of Mr. Taylor's.
The most interesting item in the collection is probably a copy of the quarto edition of Samuel Hearne's
Journey to the Northern Ocean. This bears the book-plate of Samuel Wegg, Governor of the Hudson's
Bay Company, and the man who instructed Hearne to make his great trek to the Arctic. The book later
passed into the hands of Thornton W. Townsend, a noted collector of Arctic literature, and it bears
both his book-plate and note in his handwriting. Iri 1933 the volume was purchased for Mr. Taylor by
Stefansson, who commented upon its value and history in an autograph note. Finally, some previous
owner has laid in a brief signed note by the famous French explorer, La Perouse.
Special book-plates have been prepared for both the -Taylor Collection and the MacMillan Col1
lection in Forestry.
OTHER NOTABLE GIFTS
. A number of other gifts deserve more than passing notice.
Mr. P. R. Pettipiece presented the files of many of the Socialist newspapers that he had edited
in Vancouver and elsewhere during a lifetime devoted in igreat part to working-class journalism. Very
few1 copies of these papers are known to be in existence, and it is entirely possible that some of the
volumes are unique.
Through the good offices of Mr. Gordon Bell, the B. C- Underwriters' Association was persuaded
to give to the Library a set of the fire underwriters' maps of the City of Vancouver. Possession of
these maps, which are probably the most detailed ever made forx the city as a whole, is a rare privilege, which the University greatly appreciates.       . N
Last autumn, Major-General H. F. G. Letson, M.C, formerly a member of the staff of the University, presented his, personal library in the field of electrical and mechanical engineering. During the
summer, he also placed in the Library, on deposit, his valuable collection of military and naval
books and periodicals.
In April, the Library received from Dr. A. H. A. Henderson, of Aberdeen, Washington, a first
instalment of a substantial personal library that she intends to give to the University. This initial gift
consisted of 190 volumes, largely relating to British and American Colonial history, and 4ncluding
such outstanding sets as Winsor's Narrative and Critical History and 17 volumes of the Original Narratives of American History series, The extra copies of many standard works that were included were
specially welcome at this time, when demands upon the Library are out of all proportion to the book
supply. '
Sixty Mr. A. E. Miller of Penticton, permitted the Librarian to select nearly 400 volumes from his personal library, which he was dispersing before moving to the Coast. The books relate mostly to art and
literature, and,include many volumes filled with fine colour reproductions, as well as a first edition of
Dickens' Christmas Carol. , •    ,
In July, Mr. H. Mortimer Lamb gave the Library a number of books and magazines and a fine
painting of totem poles by the local artist, Jack Shadbolt. The same month, Mrs. Lucy Edwards Crittenden, a member of the class of Arts '25, presented" an interesting collection of books, pamphlets,
etc., relating to John Ruskin, who was an intimate friend of her -mother and grandfather. Several of
the items are autographed by Ruskin. > "
In August, the Library received, through the Prime Minister, the Rt. Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King,
copies of Field Marshall Montgomery's two volumes, Normandy to the Baltic and El Alamein to the
River Sangro. Use of the books is restricted, in accordance with Viscount Montgomery's positive instruction, but they may be consulted by any responsible person within the Library building.
During the summer, the Department of Forestry placed in ,the Library the complete set of the
proceedings of the Sloan Commission on Forestry that had been presented to it after the publication
of the final Report. This invaluable record posed somewhat of a problem, for its thousands of pages
contained much material that would be of great use to students of Forestry, but the typescript was in
a highly perishable form. A solution was found when it was discovered that the B. C. Lumber &
Shingle Manufacturers' Association had had the greater part of the evidence mimeographed for the
use of its members. The Association has promised to do its best to assemble a number of sets for
the Library, and it is hoped that half a dozen copies may be obtained in this way. The original copy
is accompanied by three boxes of briefs and exhibits, extremely few copies of which will be available
elsewhere. v
Thanks to the generosity of the Vancouver Sun, the Library will shortly possess a large Recor-
dak microfilm, reader. The order was placed early in the summer, and delivery is expected in October. Equipment of this kind is now essential, and the use of so fine a reader will be greatly appreciated by the staff and research students. .
Other donors who deserve much more than the passing reference here possible include the following:
Mrs. J. Kaye Henry, who presented several hundred volumes of general literature; Mr. William
Dorbils, who from time to time has sent the Library interesting items of Canadiana, with the request
that they be added to the Howay-Reid collection; Mr. Cecil Killam, for a beautiful set of Balzac's complete works; Miss C. J. DeV. Van Steenwyck, for a gift comprising 28 volumes, including several titles
by T. S. Eliot in fine editions; Miss Lucille Malkin, who presented 100 volumes of general literature; the
Victoria Committee of France-Canada, for books in the field of French art and literature; to the Henry
George Club of Victoria, for a 12-volume set of the life and works of Henry George,-Dr. Sylvia Thrupp,
who presented a fine 21-volume run of the British Magazine; Dr. P. A. Boving, for a large collection
of miscellaneous agricultural books and bulletins, many of which filled gaps in the Library's files;
Miss Julia C. Stockett, who presented a number of new novels with the request that they be included
in the libraries supplied to the University's two residence camps; Mrs. E. G. Sutcliffe, who gave a most
useful collection of musical scores, both instrumental and vocal; Rev. W. T. Kelling, who presented a
copy of the famous Mappa Mundi in Hereford Cathedral that he himself had drawn many years ago;
Dr. L. M. Greene, of Smithers, who presented a run of the British Medical Journal; the Red Cross Superfluities Shop, which gave the Library an extra set of the Encyclopedia of Canada and other works;
Mrs. R. C. W. Lett, who sent the Library a dozen books on spiritualism; Dr. G. M. Ehlers, of the University of Michigan, who presented a fine copy of Rominger's now rare work on Fossil Corals; Mrs. L.
W. Peel, who presented a run of the Illustrated London News; the Eastman Kodak Company, which
added to the Library's material on calendar reform; Prof. T. Larsen, who presented a most useful collection of texts and works oh Anglo-Saxon, Old English, and Middle English;1 Mr. J. S. Garrett, who
sent to the Library 35 volumes from his late father's library, including a run of the minutes of the
conferences of the superintendents of insurance 1914-41; Mrs. P. W. Barker, who presented a number of
medical books from her late husband's library; Mr. H. S. Fowler, who presented a number of volumes
of the Mining and Scientific Press and other periodicals lacking from our files; Mrs. R. H. Mullin, who
gave a set of the Studies in the Psychology of Sex, by Havelock Ellis; Mrs. Gordon Bell, who presented
several German sets from her father's library; the Vancouver Medical Association, the Vancouver
General Hospital and Mrs. G. W. Knipe who donated valuable collections of medical books and periodicals; Mr. E. W. Eastham, who presented a number_of yearbooks, etc., and marry pamphlets in his
own field of plant pathplogy; the Provincial Library, for two valuable sets of legal periodicals; the
^Library of the University of Western Ontario, which has from time to time sent us most useful items
,from its duplicate files; the Royal Institute of International Affairs, .the Canadian Institute of Inter-
--/''■ ^"   - .
Sixty-one national Affairs, the Carnegie Institution of Washigton, the Huntington Library, the James F. Lincoln
Arc Welding Foundation, and scores of other institutions and corporations that have made their publications freely available.
Other donors who must be noted include Mr. J.'Duff, of Sidney; Mrs. F. A. Lovick, of Ladner; Sir
Thomas, White, of Toronto; Mr. Thomas E. Donnelley, of Chicago; Mr. John Helders; the Vancouver
Daily Province, for copies of B. A. McKelvie's Maquinna the Magnificent; Dr. W^ H. Burnett; Mr. H. C.
Palmer, of Duncan; Dr. J. C. Webster, of Shediac, N.B.; Mr. L. W. McLennan, of Oleum, California; Dr.
Basil Mathews; Mr. G. S. Roe; the estate of the late R. A. Wilson; Dr. C. W. Vrooman; Mr. Charles J.
Woodsworth, of Ottawa; Prof. Marcus L. Ward, of the University of Michigan; Dr. R. A. Wilson; and
Mrs. Jonathan Rogers, who presented a facsimile of the original letter from Captain Vancouver that she
gave recently to the Vancouver City Archives.
Finally, a special word of thanks is due to the staff of the University, who, now as always, have
been most generous in their gifts. Names not included in the above lists, but which must on no account be omitted, include President MacKenzie, Dr. I. M. Cowan, Dr. W. N. Sage, Dr. I. Maclnnes, Dr.-
A. P. Maslow, Dr. G. B. Riddehough, Dr. Vyner Brooke, and Dr. T. J. Oleson.
The Library's general book fund received two gifts during the year—a cheque for $200.00 from
the students attending the speoial veterans' Spring Session, and $100.00 from the Summer Session
Association. In addition, the class of Agriculture '21, which last Spring celebrated the 25th anniversary of the graduation of the first class in the Faculty, gave Dean Clement the sum of $175.00, to be
spent.on books for the Library that would be of special interest to the Faculty of Agriculture.
THE BOOK COLLECTION
The number of books accessioned in the regular series was 9,301. In addition 3,778 volumes in
the Howay-Reid Collection were accessioned in a special series, as were 539 volumes.from the Pound
Collection. In all no less than 13,618 volumes were thus accessioned during the year. This is much
more than double the rate of growth that was considered the Library's normal rate of expansion only
a year or so ago.
While it is true that many of the books accessioned had been received before September 1, 1945,
sO many of the books presented to the Library since that date had not yet been accessioned at the
end of the academic year that the one total roughly balanced the other.
The number of volumes in the Library, including uncatalogued material, now certainly exceeds
170,000. When the new stackroom is completed, and the book stock is arranged in-proper order, it
will not be difficult to count the books and ascertain- the exact total. In the meantime, the estimate
given must suffice.
STAFF ADDITIONS
The Library staff has doubled in number during the year. On September 1, 1945, it consisted
of 16 full-time persons; a year later the list included 32 full-time people, plus a trained librarian who
was working half-time. Three additional appointments were pending at the end of the year, and it is
probable that the staff will number 40 by the time the addition to the Library building is completed
and fully staffed.
All departments have shared in this expansion. The Reference, Cataloguing, and Circulation
Departments each added an additional trained librarian,- and a fourth trained person is working half-
time in the Order Department. Three more trained librarians are very badly needed, but it has been
impossible to secure them up to the present.
. Three sub-professionals—that is, persons who have graduated from a university but have not
attended library school—were also added to the staff. Two of these are in the Reference Department,
and one in the Order and Periodicals Department. These are the first appointments of the kind that
have been made in the Library.
The number of clericals employed has increased from 5 to '11, and will increase still further.
Most of the additions have been in the Cataloguing and Circulation Departments.
The Stackroom Attendant added to the staff on September 1, 1945, has proven invaluable, and
deserves great credit for the marked improvement in the orderliness and appearance of the books on
the shelves. Owing to the vastly increased use being made of the Library, however, his task is now
beyond the capacity of any one person. For the present part-time student assistants are being employed, but a full-time assistant will undoubtedly be essential in the enlarged building.
Sixty-two CIRCULATION        ' '
So far as the main loan desk and the reserve desk were concerned, circulation practically
doubled in volume in 1945-46 as compared with 194445. It would undoubtedly have been higher still
if more copies of many books in great demand had been available, and if the Library building had
been capable of serving more people. .
Study groups, evening course students, and other readers registered with the Department of
University Extension borrowed a total of 10,053 volumes, br about 500 more than in 1944-45. Of this
total, plays sent to 130 drama groups scattered all over the Province accounted for 4,364.
CIRCULATION STATISTICS
September
October
November
December
January    -
February  -
March
April
May -
June
July, -       -
August
Extension
Nursing
TOTALS
RENTAL COLLECTION
J 944-45
1945-46
General
Reserve
Total
Generai
Reserve
Total
2669
1602
4271
2136
976
3112
5033
5472
10505
7998
9341
17339
5789
5791
11580
9043
11673
20716
2756
2651
5407
3579
5213
8792
5591
3643
9234
9164
7702
16866
6537
4305
10842
9667
8841
18508
5836
5423
11259
9482
10384
19866
2255
3143
5398
6029
9564
15593
1506
1 350
1856
4260
2946
7206
. 1065
313
1378
2670
3351
6021
2671
2352
5023
5999
7358
13357
1915
1258
3173
'82936
2726
3160
80509
5886
46633
36303
72753
153262
9534
10053
3010
3200
9247Q
166515
It will be recalled that a rental service was started on a small scale by the Circulation Department in October, 1944. Although it has not grown greatly, the books are appreciated and the service
is paying its way. The number of titles available is usually about fifty, and it remains at that figure
because books are transferred to the general collection relatively quickly. When other duties do not
press as heavily on the staff as they do at the moment, the collection can undoubtedly be expanded
to advantage and developed considerably.
Rental rates continue' to be three cents per day, with a minimum charge of five cents, and, as
already noted, the collection carries itself without difficulty.
REFERENCE DEPARTMENT
The hordes of students in attendance in 1945-46 vastly increased the work of this Department.
The strain on the staff has been terrific, here as elsewhere, particularly as the special Spring Session
swallowed up the slack months that are usually spent in preparing for the winter rush. Additions
were made to the staff, and the Library was most fortunate in the people it was able to secure; but'
even so, months must pass before any new staff member, no matter how capable, can become sufficiently familiar with the Library, its book stock, and the special needs of student and faculty groups,
to carry a full share of any department's burden.
During the fall of 1945 an effort was made to continue the policy of offering instruction in the
use of the Library to students interested in special subject fields. Talks were given to Social Work,
Civil'Engineering, Public Health Nursing, and Forestry students, as well as to the freshman class in
Agriculture, but routine duties at the Reference Desk have become so' heavy that for the present this
most important service will have to be curtailed. A special classroom and other facilities for this type
of instruction will be provided in the addition to the Library building, and it is hoped that many more
talks may be given in 1947 and succeeding years.
Miss Mary Henderson was in charge of displays during the year, and she contrived to produce
a very interesting series in spite of the difficulty in obtaining materials. Mrs. Edward Lipsett again very
Sixty-three graciously placed her remarkable collections at our disposal,-and a number of striking exhibits were
arranged in the autumn term. A travelling display of publications loaned by the Canadian Institute
of International Relations attracted much attention, and so did the displays of large photographs—a
dozen or more to the series—that were furnished by the British Information Office, in Ottawa.
The Reference staff has had very little time to devote to the map collection; nevertheless, most
of the maps owned by the Library before 1940 have now been accessioned. A considerable number
of large dissected wall-maps, specially designed for classroom use, have been added to the collection,
and the demand for these, coupled with the expressions Of appreciation the service has inspired, show
that this type of service fills a distinct need.
While in Chicago in December, 1945, Miss Smith investigated the possibility of having the Library placed on the list of institutions to share in the distribution Of World War II maps that is now
under way in the United States. Nothing came of this directly, but eventually, in June, 1946, Dr. Luther
Evans, Librarian of Congress, wrote to inquire if the Library would care to receive a series of from
3000 to 8000 maps to be distributed by the United States Office of Strategic Services. The offer was
accepted with alacrity, and several hundred maps have already been received.
INTERLIBRARY LOANS
It maybe well to recall the statistics of loans in the last few years:
Borrowed     Loaned Total
1941-42  - - - -
178
1942-43 -   -   -   -  -
185
194344  . . v. E
122
100
222
1944-45  - - - -
137
130
267
April-August, 1945
48
65
113
1945-46  - - - -
138
172
310
Two or three conclusions may be drawn from these figures. First, the number of loans made
is increasing slowly but steadily. Secondly, no effort is being made to ."push" the service on our
owh campus; on the contrary, owing to the pressure of routine work, the Reference staff has been
compelled almost to discourage loans, and to limit them to items that are vitally necessary. Thirdly,
other libraries are looking to us more and more frequently for material. In part this is clearly due
to the Bibliographic Centre in Seattle, which acts as a clearing house for thousands of inter-library loan
requests, and can forward promptly an inquiry about books we possess that are not .available elsewhere.
THE LIBRARY CATALOGUES
The Cataloguing Department worked throughout the year at a pace that cannot possibly be maintained for long, but thanks to their tireless efforts it is once again possible to say that all books acquired,
by purchase have been catalogued and placed on the shelves.. Many books given to the Library
have also been dealt with and placed in circulation, but the pressure of work was so great that many
volumes not urgently required have been put to one side until more time and staff are available to
deal with them. Towards the end of the year it was found necessary to resort to some temporary
.(meaning thereby incomplete) cataloguing, notably Jn the case of many books for the Faculty of Law,
which for the moment is not interested in complete entries in the standard form.
When Miss Doreen Woodford returned to the Department in November the. cataloguing of Canadiana was placed in her charge. Remarkable progress has since been made with the Howay-Reid
Collection, but in recent months ordinary library demands have become so great that Miss Woodford
has been devoting a good deal of time to general cataloguing. Some comfort may be drawn from the
fact that the Howay-Reid books can be handled much 'more comfortably and efficiently when they are
housed in an adequate room, as they will as soon as the addition to the Library is completed.
A total of 72,331 cards were added to the Library of Congress Depository Catalogue this year.
These brought the total number of cards in the file that supplements the printed edition of the catalogue proper to 324,254. As noted in a previous report, several plans are under consideration whereby the supplement to the printed set can be kept up-to-date in printed form, and the probability is that
one or other' of them will take effect within a fewmonths.
The complete printed edition of the Library of Congress catalogue, consisting in all of. 167
volumes, has now been received, and this serves as a reminder that the Library's collection of catalogues is becoming somewhat notable. Many years ago the Library subscribed to the printed edition
of the great ..General Catalogue of the Bibliotheque  Nationale,  in Paris,  and the  volumes  issued in
, Sixty-four France during the war years were received recently. This great set is now within a dozen volumes
or thereabouts of completion, after having been in progress for nearly 70 years, Within a few months
the Library should also possess a facsimile copy of the old edition of the British Museum Catalogue,
which has been described as the greatest single bibliographic tool in existence. The 'revised edition
of this Catalogue has progressed no further than the letter "C", owing both to the stupendous labour involved in recataloguing so enormous a library, and the depressions and wars that have occurred since
the project was started. It is to be hoped that it will soori be appearing at least as fast as in 1938,
which was at the rate of three or- four volumes per annum.
-    During the year the Library also completed its sets of the facsimile reprint editions of Evans'
American Bibliography and its successor, the American Catalogue.
PERIODICALS
The addition of a new Faculty, several new Departments, and. many new courses has occasioned an immense amount of work for the Periodicals Department. Much of this has had to be done
personally by Mr. Lanning, as no assistant was available" who was qualified to carry on the complicated negotiations now necessary to secure subscriptions to new periodicals, back files of established
titles, and so on.
A list of the principal new acquisitions will best indicate the great scope of the development that
took place in the Library's periodical collections this year.
Important new sets acquired included the following:
Canadian Poetry Magazine, v. 1, 1936, to date.
Econometrica, v. 1, 1933, to date. .
Arnold Arboretum Journal, v. 11, 1930, to date.
Hispania, v. 1, 1918, to date (lacking a few numbers).
Japan Society, Transactions, v. 1-38, 1892-1939.
Madrono, v. 1, 1916, to date.
Mqdical Library Association Bulletin, v. 17, 1927, to date (lacking a few numbers).
University of Michigan, Museum of Palaeontology, Contributions, v. 1, 1924, to date.
University of Montreal, Institut Botanique, Contributions, v. 1, 1922, to date.
North Central (Education) Association Quarterly, v. 1, 1926, to date.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Quarterly, v. 1, 1933, to date (lacking a few numbers).   .
Shoulder Strap (B. C. Police), v. 1, 1939, to date.
In addition, the first of the periodicals purchased for the H. R. MacMillan Collection in Forestry
arrived before the end of August.   These included: ,       -'
American Botanist, v. 1, 1901, to date. .
American Fern Journal, v. I, 1910, to date.
Morton Arboretum BuJJetin, v. '1, 1925, to date.
Rhodora, v. 1, 1899, to date.
Sargentia, v. 1, 1932, to date (lacking a few numbers).
Torrey Botanical Club, Memoirs, v. 1, 1889, to date (lacking a few numbers).
Torreya, v. 1, 1901, to date (lacking two numbers).
The Library subscribed to fifteen new periodicals that commenced publication Jri 1945-46. As
the titles indicate, they covered a surprisingly wide variety of subjects:
British Columbia Digest Journal of Documentation
Canadian Digest Journal of Gerontology
Canadian Education Journal of Polymer Science
Index to Current Hospital Literature Northern Review
International Journal Paru
International Nursing Bulletin Science Illustrated
Journal of Colloid Science World Reports
World's Poultry Science Journal
Subscriptions have also been placed to the following 54 established journals, and the probability
is that it will be necessary eventually to acquire back files of many of them.   (Titles prefixed by the
symbol "*" were gift subscriptions.)
Advertising Age Hollywood Quarterly
Agricultural Institute Review Horizon
Alberta Folklore Quarterly Horticulture'
Sixty-five ■h
American Fur Breeder
Breeders' Gazette
Canadian Bookseller
*Camsi Journal
Canadian Grain Journal
Canadian Horticulture
* Canadian Scientist
Cariboo Digest
Channels
Coal Technology
Commerce Journal (University of Toronto)
Contemporary Verse
Engineers' Digest
Everybody's Poultry Journal
Farm Economist
Feed Bag
Financial Post
Fruit Products Journal
Fur Trade Journal of Canada
Garits Du Ciel
Gardeners' Chronicle of America
Technical Book Review Digest
Theatre Notebook
Trollopian
Index Society
Jewish Centre Worker
Journal of Physical Education
Journal of Social Hygiene
Junior Historical Journal
'Library Chronicle
Marketing
Metallurgia     i ,
Mississippi Valley Historical Review
National Federation of Settlements
National Fur News
National Horticulture Magazine
Nulaid News
Occupational Psychology
Oil and Gas Journal
Poetry (Australia)
Poultry Tribune
Printers' Ink
Prison World
Public Administration Review
Souterly
Turkey World     '
Western Producer
*Wood Preserving News
Finally, the Library has substantially increased its holdings of the following fifteen titles:
Agricuifurai Engineering
American Journal of Psychiatry
Architectural Record
Arnoldia
Bibliographical Society (London)
University of California, 'Publications in Geology
^     University of California, Publications in History
Commonweal
Comparative Psychology Monographs (now complete)
Curtis's Botanical Magazine
Hoard's Dairyman
Imperial Institute, Bulletin
Journal of Aesthetics
■ Progressive Education
Wood Preserving News
FRENCH PERIODICALS
As soon as it was possible to communicate freely with booksellers in France, the Library set
about the task of filling in the periodical sets that had been interrupted by the war. As the following
report indicates, the Library has been fortunate in its contacts, and there is. reason to hope that most
of the important sets can be completed in time. ,
The war-time gap has been filled completely in the case of the following titles:
Journal de Chemie Physique
Societe Chimique de France, Bulletin
Annales de Physique
Le Lait
Annales de Chemie
TInstitut Pasteur, Annales
l'lnstitut Pasteur, Bulletin
We have secured some of the missing nurribers of the Annales de Geographie, the l?evue de
Paris, and the Revue Horticple, and a large part of the missing file of the following:
Academie des Sciences, Comptes Rendus <
Journal de Mathematique
Revue Historique
Revue Hbrticole
Sixty-six The back numbers of the Annales d'Histoire Social and of Bibio have been brdered, and it is
probable that all of them will be forthcoming in time. No report has been received as yet regarding
the following:
Larousse Illustre Mensuel
Mercure de France
Revue de Litterature Comparee
Revues des Etudes Greques
Revue d'Historie Litteraire de France
Periodicals formerly received, but which ceased publication during the war include l'Europe
No'uvelle, 1'Illustration, Nouvelle Revue Francaise, and Revue des Deux Mondes.
A considerable number of new French periodicals have made their appearance, and after as
careful investigation as circumstances permitted the Library has placed a number of subscriptions.
These will be reported in detail in the next annual report.
GERMAN PERIODICALS
The position as regards German periodicals remains obscure, and it may be some time before
it clarifies to any considerable extent. Meanwhile the Library has suffered one serious disappointment. Some time ago the National Research Council made elaborate plans to secure for Canadian
libraries a share of what remained in the warehouses of the German periodical publishers, and our
Library submitted a detailed list of its requirements. Unfortunately nothing seems to have come of
the scheme, possibly because bombing damage was found to be more extensive than anticipated. As
the months slipped' by, it was decided that it would be prudent to secure from Edwards Brothers all
volumes of scientific titles that they have reprinted, under license from the Custodian of Enemy Property in the United States. Unfortunately a few important titles are not included in their list, but the
volume of material available is nevertheless substantial. Most of the reprinted files commence in
1940, and not in 1939, owing to the later entry of the United States into the war. Costs will be about
25 per cent higher than pre-war subscription rates, but the material simply must be secured if at all
possible.    Deliveries commenced in August, and will continue for some time. . •
OTHER FOREIGN PERIODICALS
The Library has been able to complete its files of Hereditas and Acta Mathematica, both of
which are published in Sweden, and to fill in the war years of La Cellule (published in Belgium),
and Genetica and Bibliographica Genetica (published in Holland). Neue Rundschau, which ceased
publication in Germany during the war, has resumed in Sweden, and the Library has secured this
new series from number one. Little has been learned as yet about two Italian periodicals, Circolo
Matematico di Palermo, Renidconti, and the International Institute of Agriculture, nor has any report
on periodicals yet been received from Japan.
LAW PERIODICALS    .
The Library and Faculty are currently receiving twenty-one of the periodicals indexed 'in the
Wilson Index to Legal Periodicals. In addition, subscriptions have been placed for a dozen or fifteen
series of law reports, etc. Long runs of about half these serials have already been secured. A.more
detailed report is planned for next year.
NEW DEPARTMENTS '
Additional periodicals will obviously be necessary for the new departments of Architecture,
Pharmacy, and Slavonic Studies, and for such new courses as that devoted to American Literature.
A good many of these were being arranged for, and one or two had actually been received by the
end of August, but the details properly belong in next year's report.
BINDING
Binding details, like other data relating to finances, are best tabulated by the .financial rather
than by the academic year. The figures here given therefore apply; to the financial year 1945-46
(April 1, 1945 to March 31, 1946).
It will be recalled that Mr. H. W. Brooks, who had done the Library's work for a good many
years, found it necessary to retire in May, 1945.    With the help of Mr. Brooks a satisfactory contract
Sixty-seven was negotiated with his successor, Mr. M. I. Sochasky, and this became effective in August. In order
to safeguard the Library's position the University purchased Mr. Brooks' stock of buckram and other
supplies that had been acquired specifically for use in binding the Library's books, and this stock
was turned over to Mr. Sochasky when he commenced doing our work. Owing to the fact that practically no binding was done in the months of June and July, the Library's schedule was badly upset,
and extraordinary circumstances, such as tfre sudden demand for a great deal of work for the new
Faculty of Law, made it impossible to catch' up quickly With Nthe old routine. Difficulties of this sort
will evidently continue for a time, as the volume of work now required is greater than Mr. Sochasky
has been able to handle steadily to date.
Binding costs have risen, but in view of the upward movement of almost all prices, the Library
is still faring exceptionally well.      ■ t  ■
Sixteen long sets were included in the work done in 1945-46, and this enabled the Library to
take advantage of quantity discounts. Much the most important of these was a long run of Spanish,
classics, amounting in all to 117 volumes.
GRAMOPHONE RECORDS
The circulation of recordings has soared with the student registration, and the number of records
handled at the Library's loan desk in 1945-46 was more than double'the total for 1944-45. Individual
students in particular have taken advantage of the "service, which now makes a highly important contribution to the cultural life of the University. So many concerts were organized by groups of students
that it is certainly correct to say that on the average a concert was held every week-day throughout
the year.   , -
A total of 237 records was added to the Carnegie music set, and more than a hundred more
were placed in the supplementary collection maintained by the Department of University Extension.
It has been found necessary to duplicate many of the more popular symphonies, suites, etc., and it
will soon be essential to have many of them in triplicate. '
Circulation through the Extension Department decreased somewhat, owing to the closing of many
of the Army, Navy and Air Force stations that formerly received recordings regularly, but it is apparent that demand from other quarters will quickly restore and probably increase the total. No less than
115 listening groups borrowed records during the year, some of them as often as once a week. Programmes for children continued to be so popular that a number of new records were secured specially
to meet their needs.
Statistics covering the five academic years in which individual students have been permitted to
borrow records follow.
GRAMOPHONE RECORD LOANS
To individual students     -
To student groups   -       -       -       -
For instructional purposes
To University staff   -       -       -       -
To Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
To Extension Department
Special loans	
Total
Academic
year
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44
1944-45
1945-46
1605
2932
3367
3075
7740
472
38
396
.205
474
232
258
243
58
| 1124
224
1413
1246
788
330
378
383
395
399
650
1120
3960
4947
3877
27
2
31
11
3540
6141
9626
9479
13314
ART LOAN COLLECTION
The Library embarked upon an interesting experiment a yeqr ago when, at the suggestion of
Miss Anne Smith, Head of the Reference Department, steps were taken to assemble an Art Loan
Collection, and make it available to the students. A group of local artists was asked to loan original works to the Library, and the response was most generous. President MacKenzie very kindly
arranged for insurance to cover the inevitable fire risks involved, and the pictures were then offered
on loan to any registered student. The response was encouraging, and demand soon outstripped the
supply of watercolours and Oils. A number of prints from the Carnegie Art Set were thereupon added
to the loan collection, and proved most popular. In all, 37 original works and 14 prints were made
available, arid at one time or another pictures were in the hands of 40 borrowers. Three water-
colours and one oil painting were sold during the year, so that some of the artists at least received
some slight financial recompense for their kind cooperation. '
Sixty-eight ' This first experimental year has shown that the Art Loan idea has great possibilities, but these
cannot be developed to any exterit until the Library has room in which to expand its activities. Meanwhile, it is hoped that it will be possible to increase the number of paintings and prints available
to some extent during the current year.
An informal Art Loan Committee was formed to act as an advisory body and, generally speaking, supervise the experiment. The members were: Mrs. C. Vyner Brooke, Mrs. Lawren Harris, 'Mrs.
N. A. M. MacKenzie, Mrs. C. E. Dolman, Miss Anne M. Smith, Mr. John Greighton," and the Librarian.
UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS
A more complete report on this subject should be possible in another year. Meanwhile> three
points of interest may be noted.
First, the Library has terminated the series of Reprints that were distributed as exchange rraa-
terial over a period of seven or eight years. The Librarian felt quite definitely that this distribution
was most wasteful, as the money expended could be used to much greater advantage in assisting in
the publication of original material.
Secondly, the Calendar, the Announcement of the Summer Session, and the Requirements for
University Entrance, all serial publications, now constitute a "General Series" of the "Publications
of the University of British Columbia". This notation first appeared on the Calendar for the session
1945-46, and as it was felt that the volume number of this series should coincide with the sessional
number, the 1945-46 Calendar became Volume 31, Number 1, of the new "Publications".
Thirdly, the Library is making an effort to secure copies' of all publications issued on the
campus, classify them in four series, and issue them as "Publications" in the Biological Sciences, the
Physical Sciences, the Social Sciences, or Language and Literature. The three titles distributed to
date are all in the Biological Sciences series:—
No. 1—University Research Forest.    '
No. 2—Some Factors that Influence Poultry Farm Incomes.
No. 3—Report on a survey of Medical Education in Canada and the United States, by
C. E. Dolman.
An Editorial Committee has been appointed by the President, and it is hoped that plans to develop these series may be under way shortly.
NEW BUILDING
The completing of plans for the large addition now being made to the Library building took a
great deal of the Librarian's time during he last year. Consultations were held with representatives
oi Snead & Company, who installed the stackroom in the present building, in Toronto in March, and
at the Company's factory at Orange, Virginia; in May. Following these talks it became apparent
that it might be possible to redesign the stackroom in the wing on the new "modular" principle.
This was found to be practicable, and in June Snead & Company sent one of their engineers to
Vancouver to work out details with Messrs. Sharp & Thompson, the University's architects, and the
Librarian. The advantages gained by the use of the "modular" construction are tremendous, as it
makes it possible to use what would normally be stackroom space for a great variety of purposes,
including offices, sorting rooms, small reading rooms, service desks, seminar rooms, etc.' This being
so, the delay occasioned by the change in plans was well worth while.
An additional advantage of the change is that a much higher, proportion of the materials -i required for the stackroom can nqw be purchased locally, as little more than' the shelves themselves and
miscellaneous equipment will have to be manufactured in the United States.
Tenders for the addition were invited before the end of the year under review, and it may be
permissible to add that the contract for the building was actually awarded before the end of September.
It is a great pleasure to express our thanks to Mr. C. J. Thompson, of Sharp & Thompson, for
his -untiring efforts to give the Library as nearly as possible precisely the accommodation and facilities the staff felt were essential; to the President and Board of Governors for, the freedom they accorded the architects and the Librarian within the limits of the appropriation available; and, finally, to
the University community as a whole for the friendly support they,have given to the entire project.
Sixty-nine LIBRARY COMMITTEE '
The Committee appointed by Senate in October, 1945, was composed as follows:
Dr. J. C. Berry, representing the Faculty of Agriculture.
Dr. A. E. Hennings, representing the Faculty of Applied Science.
Prof. T. Larsen, Dr. I. M. Cowan and Dr. M. Y. Williams, representing the Faculty of Arts.
At the first meeting held after these appointments, Prof. Larsen was unanimously elected chairman for the year 1945-46.
CONCLUSION
In closing, I wish to express my great indebtedness to the Library Staff, and my equally great
appreciation of the way in which they rose to the occasion this last year, and wrestled successfully with
the hundred and one problems posed by the immensely increased student registration. The senior
members in particular have put in a great deal of extra time, and have worked virtually without
respite throughout the year. I think it can be said that they enjoyed the work, and certainly considered it well worth doing; but there is a limit to human endurance, and more than one member of
the staff is now, in my opinion, approaching1 it. Fortunately several of the persons added to the
various departments have now been here sufficiently long to be reasonably well acquainted with the
institution, and the responsibilities carried by some of the staff should decrease somewhat on that
account.
To the Library Committee the Librarian is once again much indebted for help and advice, and
in particular for a freedom of action that has eased many of the difficulties inevitably met with in a
very unusual year.
Finally, the Librarian, like everyone else on the campus, owes much to Dr. N. A. M. MacKenzie,
President of the University. His willingness to devote time and attention to Library problems, sometimes at very short notice, and the sympathy with which he has presented the Library's needs and
problems to the Board of Governors, has meant a very great deal to all concerned.
Respectfully submitted,
W. KAYE LAMB,
' i Librarian.
Severity Report of
The Director of The Department of University Extension
INTRODUCTION
In many ways, the past year has been one of transition. During the war period,the needs of
the armed forpes stationed in British Columbia demanded considerable attention 'from the Department.
With demobilization, this phase of the work has been greatly reduced. However, as if to compensate,
there has been a marked increase of interest in educational and recreational activities among the
civilian population. Could it be that many developed habits of regular study and other purposeful
activities during the war? Whatever the reason, people seem to be eager to take evening classes,
to join in discussion groups, to find satisfying forms of recreation ■— in short, to get more out of life!
In response to this encouraging enthusiasm, the Department has expanded its regular facilities, ventured into new fields, and experimented with new methods pf adult education.
It. is interesting to note that over seventeen hundred students attended Evening Classes offered
by the Department and another eleven hundred registered for short courses, institutes and conferences. Nearly forty thousand persons attended Extension lectures given.by members of the University staff and over 460,000 attended showings of educational films provided by the University. The
activities of the Department were used by over 1200 organizations in 350 communities in the Province.
However, in spite' of this record there are many people who have no educational contact with the
University. It is hoped during the coming year to offer courses to workers engaged in the primary
and secondary industries of the Province. If this can be done on a large scale, the University may
be able to make a valuable contribution towards the welfare of both the industrial worker and industry as a whole. '   '
Eighteen evening classes.were offered for residents of Vancouver. The majority were given, as
usual, in the Vancouver Normal School; a few were held at the University; and "How to Look at
Pictures", a very popular new Course arranged in co-operation with the Women's Auxiliary of the
Vancouver Art Gallery, was given in the Art Gallery. The following is a complete list of the courses
offered, and the enrolment in each:
How to Look at Pictures (two classes) -       -       -    , -       -       - ,   - 286
Modern Poetry ....*. 51
The Development of Instrumental Music -.'*•■     -       -       -    ,"t- - 48
Public Speaking (two classes)         -       -       -       - ,    -    v -    ' - - 54
• Elementary Journalism     -       -       -     ' -       -       -       -       -    . - - 47
Photography (two classes)       -       -       -       -       -       -       :       - - 125
General Psychology -       " } '    , ~ ' ^
Elementary Russian -       -       -   .   -       - • .   -'     -,--.,- ^ 32
Practical Spanish     -       -       - ', - - 22
The United Nations   -       -       -       -       -       -      '-'      -       -     ' - - 33
Amateur Gardening and Horticulture     -       -       -       -     -v/, - 103
General Botany -.      -      -r A '      ' '* 53
Bee Keeping     '-''-■      -       -       -      -               -       -      /       - - 54
Poultry Husbandry (two classes)     -     - -      .-'-'      -      ."■,,""-" " 89
Electricity and Vacuum Tubes        -       -       -       -       -\ ' •      -";,-_. 48
Electronics (for the B. ,C. Projectionists Society)     -       -'      -    v - -   - 80
Electronics (for Electrical Workers' Union — two classes)   -       - -> 80
What Steel Shall I Use? (for the American Society for Metals) - - 44
Totql 1393
Continuing the policy initiated ,last year, evening classes were arranged whenever possible at
the request of communities near Vancouver.   The following classes were given:
Horticulture (Cloverdale) Soils and Horticulture (Langley)
Livestock Raising (Cloverdale) - Home Economics (Langley)
Poultry Raising (Haney) The United Nations (North Vancouver)
Bee Keeping (Langley) How to Look at Pictures (Victoria)'
Seventy-one The University is greatly indebted to the members of the teaching staff and other instructors for
their generous contributions to this programme. It is realized that their participatibn entailed considerable personal sacrifice. However it is evident that this broadening of the University's area of service is much appreciated by the communities served. Unfortunately, the very great increase in enrolment in the undergraduate courses has made it increasingly difficult for members of the staff to
participate in the evening class programme.
y     As usual, the Extension Department arranged the  winter  lecture  programme  for the  Victoria
University Extension Association.
In spite of heavy campus teaching loads, members of the University faculty gave a total of 330
"off-campus" lectures, which were attended by some 39,000 persons.
DISCUSSION GROUP PROGRAMME
Discussion courses, kits and pamphlets on a wide variety of topics have been kept in stock and
supplied on request to groups and individuals throughout the Province. Courses on child psychology
and family life have again been in greatest demand, and plans were made to extend the material
available in this field. During the year, owing to the increased interest in co-operative play groups,
the B. C. Parent-Teacher Federation organized a committee to study the possibilities of giving assistance to these groups. As a result of the findings of this committee, the Extension Department has
undertaken to prepare packets of printed material which will provide suggestions on organizing and
operating co-operative play schools.
It is interesting to note that discussion materials published by the Department have gained
considerable recognition in other parts of Canada and in the United States. For example, more than
700 sets of the course "Child Psychology for Parents", well over 400 sets of "Marriage and Family
Life", and 70 sets of "Public Speaking" have been purchased'by adult education agencies in other
provinces. v
RADIO FORUMS
The Extension Department again served as Provincial Headquarters for the radio discussion
programmes, National Farm Radio Forum and Citizens' Forum. For each of these programmes, discussion bulletins were mailed to local forums each .week. Forums then sent their reports on the
topics to the Department, and these reports were summarized weekly over the air by the provincial
secretaries. Mr. Arthur Rennie served as secretary of Farm Radio Forum, Miss Marjorie V. Smith as
secretary of Citizens' Forum.
DRAMA
An outstanding feature of the past.year has been the growing recognition of the importance of
the theatre in the cultural development of the individual and in the life of the community.
In this connection, the drama section of the Extension Department took part irt the following
community programmes: Community Centres Institute held at the University in the winter; the preparation and presentation .of the Vancouver Community Arts Survey; Group Work Institute conducted
at Gordon House in August; panel discussion on art and education which was part of the "Friendship
with Russia" week.
In December, 1945, the University officially recognized the importance of the theatre by granting Credits to one full course in dramatics. This step forward received the active support of the Rockefeller Foundation, which granted a three months' travelling bursary to enable the Instructor in Dramatics to study the work being done in the drama departments of five American universities.
During the year the Department provided its regular theatre services to groups and individuals.
Short drama courses and lectures were given to drama groups and other organizations both in and
outside Vancouver. The Department's discussion course, "Acting for Juniors" is increasingly popular and is now being used in many places outside the Province. Professor F. G. C- Wood again
conducted his correspondence course for students interested in playwriting. The two most popular
services continue to be the Play Lending Library and the Theatre Advisory Service. Two hundred
groups and individuals borrowed plays and texts from the library, 130 of them being regular, registered
borrowers.   Circulation for the year was 4,364.
The Extension Department cooperated with the Western Canada Theatre Conference in helping
to arrange for a Vancouver production of original Canadian one-act plays. It also assisted in organizing the B. C. Eliminations for the Western Canada Drama Festival.   The Eliminations were held in
Seventy-two the University Auditorium in May. At the annual meeting of the Western Canada Theatre Conference, held in Banff in August, Miss Dorothy Somerset, Instructor in Dramatics, was elected president.
The Instructor directed a Christmas play for the University Players' Club, organized the "Christ-
mastide" ceremonies for the Vancouver Art Gallery and, with the assistance of Mr. Osborne, arranged
the University's entry in the Vancouver Jubilee Pageant. As in previous years she also gave a course
in School Dramatics for the students of the Teacher Training Course.
MUSIC AND ART
During the year the Phonograph Record Loan Service distributed recordings to 115 registered
groups. Circulation for the year was 3,877 recordings. The decreased demand for recordings from
army camps was compensated for by the increased interest among rural community groups and children's groups. Reports indicate that the recordings belonging to the Carnegie Music Set and to the
Special Extension Collection are providing a very valued service to groups throughout the Province.
Two courses in Music Appreciation were given by Dr. Ida Halpern, one in the Winter Evening
Class series, the other during the Summer Session.
In the realm of art, the Extension Department has had the busiest year in its history. The
series of Evening Class Lectures on "How to Look at Pictures", offered in conjunction with the Women's
Auxiliary of the VancouverArt Gallery, was so successful that it had to be repeated twice — once in
Vancouver and once in Victoria The classes in "Painting for Pleasure" offered during the Summer
Session likewise proved so successful that it became necessary to form two sections.
During the year the Extension Department co-operated with the Canadian Federation of Artists,
B. C. Region, to send three travelling art exhibitions to about a dozen centres in the Okanagan, the
Kootenays, Vancouver Island and the Fraser Valley. It is hoped that this first co-operative venture,
will be the beginning of a very valuable art service to the Province.
AGRICULTURE
With the appointment of Mr. Arthur Renney as full-time Assistant-in Agriculture, it has been
possible to expand considerably the activities of the Department in this field.
As might be expected this has been a year of exploration, of finding out what services were
already being provided to the various areas of the Province, and determining the ways in which the
Extension Department could make the most effective contribution. Close contact has been maintained
with Provincial and Dominion Government officials, and with local bodies. Considerable aid has been
given to Junior Clubs in coaching, judging teams and in preparing for field days.
One of the new developments was the Poultry School of the Air. This was an experiment in
agricultural education by radio, arranged in co-operation with the Dominion and Provincial Department of Agriculture and the GBC Farm Broadcast. Talks ""given over the air by various authorities
were supplemented with written materials and questions sent from the Extension Department. Many
favourable comments were received about this course.
HOME ECONOMICS    (
Owing. to the growing demand for short courses and advice in the field of home economics, a
Home Economist was appointed to the staff in May. It is interesting to note that the greatest number
of requests has come from rural areas, particularly for information on handicrafts, home decoration
and methods of freezing fruits and vegetables.
During June, a demonstration was given at Cedar, Vancouver Island^ to the local Women's Institute. Here the chief emphasis was on handicrafts, glove-making and leather work. In July, the Home
Economist made a tour of Illustration Stations on Vancouver Island with Mr. R. Hall, of the Dominion
Experimental Farm, Agassiz. The centres visited were Cherry Creek, Courtenay, Duncan and Fair-
bridge Farm. The general interest at these points was in handicrafts and home decoration, particularly in. the making of upholstery and slip covers.
INSTITUTES, CONFERENCES AND SHORT COURSES
The Community Centres Institute: January 21-22, 1946
During the Fall of 1945, there came to the Department a steadily increasing flow of requests
for information and advice on community centres and on recreational activities in general. It was
discovered that the Department of Social Work, too, was becoming concerned about the rapid growth
\ ■ :  -        *
Seventy-three or interest in community recreation. As a result, a community centres institute was announced, sponsored jointly by the Departments of Extension and Social Work. Proof of the need for assistance felt
by volunteer "Organizers" as well as by paid recreation workers was evident in the registration of
110 people, representing about 30 communities in the Province.
After two days of concentration on basic principles of community centre organization, -members
elected the Interim Community Centres Committee to assist the University authorities in planning a
longer summer conference, and to look into the possibilities of forming an association of those interested in community centre activities in B. C.
The Community Centres Conference: June 24-27, 1946    -
Many of those who attended the first Institute were able to return to take part in this "follow-
up" conference, planned by the Departments of Extension and Social Work, in co-operation with the
Interim Committee.    In all, 77 persons attended, again representing many areas of the Province.
Miss Marjorie V. Smith served as general co-ordinator of the Conference. Most of the organiz-
,ations in B. C. which are interested in group work and community recreation were represented at
the meetings, and gave freely of their experience and specialized knowledge. In this connection, mention should be made of the whole-hearted co-operation pi the.Secretary;of the Group Work Division
of the Greater Vancouver Welfare Council, and of the Provincial Director of Physical Education and
Recreation.       '■,./''■
It is felt that the Conference served a very important purpose in giving direction and assistance
to the developing community centre movement. Besides providing opportunity to.those who attended
to find practical aid oil their particular problems, the sessions proved conclusively the need for some
co-ordinating organization to enable joint consultation and action on the part of those interested in
community recreation. As a result, on the third day of the Conference, the B. C. Community Centres
Association was formally established., It is expected that close contact will be maintained between
the University and this new organization.
Vancouver Parents' Institute: June 19-20, 1946. ■'■
Held in cooperation with the B. C. Parent-Teacher Federation, the Vancouver Parents' Institute
proved as popular as ever with almost 200 in attendance at various sessions. Among this year's
speakers were Dean Buena Maris, Oregon State College; Dr. C. H. Gundry, Director, Mental Hygiene
Division, Metropolitan Health Committee; and Dr. Elda Lindenfeld, psychiatrist. Two panel discussions,
one entitled "Teen-Agers Today", the other, "Co-operative Play-Schools", served to air topics which
have been gaining increasing attention among parents and educators.
Victoria Parents' Institute: May 9-10, 1946.
About 75 parents registered for the Institute held in Victoria. Fortunately, it was possible to
secure Dr. S. R. Laycock, internationally known psychologist, for two of the sessions; Dr. R. F. Hawk,
Director of Campus Schools and Student Teaching at the Western Washington College of Education,
gave an outstanding lecture on "Modern Trends in Education"; and to meet the interest in community
recreation, Miss Donalda McRae led a session on this topic.
Short Course for Seed Growers: January 29-February 1, 1946. .
Arranged in co-operation with B. C. Seed Growers' Association and the Provincial Government,
this course again drew students from practically all the seed-producing areas of the Province. Total
registration was 41.
Short Course for Fruit and Vegetable Canners: February 18-22, 1946.
A continuation of last year's course, this series of lectures, discussions and demonstrations was
attended by 97 men and women from the canning industry.
LIBRARY AND PAMPHLET SERVICES
The chief expansion in the Extension Library Service during the past year was in the number
of readers registered with the Library. Four hundred persons registered and borrowed some 5,000
books on a wide variety of subjects. The demand was still great for fiction and travel books. About
250 new titles were added to the collection, among them a number on interior decoration and home
building, to be used with the new study material on Home Decoration. ' ,
Members of Extension study groups and Citizen Forum groups were supplied with books,ana
pamphlets.    Sample parcels of books also went to approximately 60 people during the year.
The pamphlet collection was in constant'use. Especially noticeable was the demand for- mb;-
terial on community recreation activities and' child psychology.
Seventy-four VISUAL INSTRUCTION SERVICE
Since September, 1945, there has been no shipment of motion picture films to the armed services. However, the increased circulation to schools, churches, and other organizations has more
than compensated for this loss. In the past year the division has served 138 schools, and 589 other
organizations. This is a total increase of 115 over the previous year. Some groups, which have
acquired their own projection equipment, are now arranging for regular programmes.
The inventory of the library now stands, at 90 sets of lantern slides, 950 film strips, and 750
motion picture titles. There has been a heavy demand upon the projection equipment which the
Division has available for rental. N    - .
Late in 1945, the Extension Department agreed to act as the co-ordinating agent for the B. C.
Co-operative Film Library Exchange." Under this plan, initiated and organized by the representatives
of the National Film Board, any' community in British Cdlumbia which has an active film council may
become a member. Each centre receives approximately 15 films from the National Film Board, which
it retains for a period of two months. At the end of this time the films are exchanged with the deposit
at another centre. In- this way each centre receives from 75 to 90 films per year. Since the inception
of the plan in October,  1945, the membership has grown from seven to fifteen centres.
The Director continued to serve as Regional Agent for the National Film Board rural circuits in
British Columbia. During the major part of the year, six circuits were in operation, covering the following areas: Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland; the North Thompson; the South Okanagan;
the West Kootenays; the East Kootenays, and the Prince George-Prince Rupert territory. Owing to the
increasing emphasis on adult education in the Film Board program, the field representatives were
called in periodically to attend conferences at the University. In informal sessions they learned
something of the technique of community" organization, acquired practice in public speaking, became
more fully aware of the facilities available to the people in tneir territory through the University Extension Department, and met with government officials and others whose interest and experience had a
bearing on their work.
SUMMER COURSES
Summer School of the Theatre. ~
The Summer School of the Theatre offered both a Senior and junior course. For the first time
credits in dramatics were given properly qualified undergraduate students. Guest director for the
school was Mr. Theodore Viehman, well-known university professional and community director in the
United States. Other guest instructors in charge of classes were Mrs. Elsie Graham, Mrs. Vivian
Ramsey, Mrs. Jessie Richardson and Mr. Jack McCance.
Sixty-five students registered for the School, seven of them from provinces or states other than
British Columbia. Three plays' were produced. Two one-act plays: "Interior", by Maurice Maeterlinck, and "Mr. Fothergill Joins the Angels", by William Dinner, were, presented during a noon-hour
period to the students of the Summer Session. "I Remember Mama", by John Van Druten, was presented at the close of the School in two public performances.
The School was most successful. Two needs, however, became'apparent while it was in progress: the duration of the School should be extended to seven weeks; a full time Summer Session instructor in scenery and stage-crafts is needed to ensure efficient operation.
Summer Course in Radio Writing
This course was offered under the direction of the well-known Canadian radio-writer and actor,
Mr. Lister Sinclair. It was given in co-operation with the Vancouver studios of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, students of the course taking production classes for three or four hours each
week at CBR.    Personnel and facilities of the CBC were placed at the disposal of the course.
The course was very successful. Forty-one students were accepted, some coming from other
provinces and some from the United States. Because of a limitation on numbers, many students had
to be refused admission. Over a dozen of the scripts produced in the course have been recommended
by Mr. Sinclair for production over the CBC network.
Summer Course in Music Appreciation.
In view of the many musical attractions offered on the Campus during the summer, it was
decided to discontinue the free noon-hour. lectures on music appreciation previously arranged by the
Department in co-operation with the Director of the Summer Session and the Summer Session Stu-
Sevonty-five dents' Association.    Instead, Dr. Ida Halpern gave a short course on "What is Modern Music?"   Fifty
students were registered.
Summer Course in'Painting for Pleasure
This oourse was an innovation on the campus. It consisted of picnic sketching parties under
the supervision of two Vancouver artists, Mr. B.. C. Binning and Mr. Jack Shadbolt. Because; of the
great popularity of the course it had to be divided into two sections, with twenty-five students in
each. ' Even then students had to be turned away.
At the conclusion of the course an exhibition of students' work was hung in the foyer of the
University Auditorium.
Workshop in International Relations.
While the registration for this second Workshop was comparatively small — a total of nineteen
students attended the full course — there was cause for satisfaction in the variety of background of
those enrolled and in their serious approach to the wbrk._ Seven students came from the United States
—Massachusetts, Indiana, New Jersey and California, two came from other Canadian provinces, and
the rest from B. C.   Nine were teachers, five were students, and the others of varying occupations.
Dr. Warren E. Tomlinson, head of the Department of History and Political Science at the College
of Puget Sound, Tacoma, was again director this year. He was assisted by specialists in various
fields who were present for the regular Summer Session.
Workshop sessions were held each morning for five weeks and, in addition, considerable outside study was essential.    Several students gained university_ credit for the. course.
Workshop in Intercultural Relations.
This new Workshop, conducted on an experimental- basis, was an outstanding success. Late
last spring,' the Vancouver Institute for Inter-Racial Friendship suggested that the University sponsor a
course in intercultural relations. The Institute itself, interested in educational work in this field, agreed
to Subsidize the course if necessary.
Dr. Melville Jacobs, professor of anthropology at the University of Washington, was engaged
as Workshop Director, and he in turn secured the assistance of three outstanding authorities on race
relations: Mr.-Edwin C. Berry, Negro director of the Urban League of Portland; Mr. Lawrence I. Hewes
Jr., of the American Council on Race Relations; and Professor Elmer Smith, of the University of Utah.
Expecting a registration of not more than 30 people, the Department was pleased when 110
erirolled as regular students for the two-week course. The class itself was rather unUsual: it was
composed of people of all colours, representing about twenty-five nationalities. For many of these,
the Workshop was their first contact with the University.
Classes took the form of lectures on the scientific background of knowledge on race, and on
immediate problems in race  relations.  Discussion and questions came freely.
A rather remarkable development was the impact of the Workshop upon the community as a
whole. During the session, the lecturers spoke to various clubs and other organizations, gave newspaper interviews and radio talks. Comment on the Workshop itself and on our local race problems
was wide-spread throughout the City.
EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR BRITISH COLUMBIA FISHERMEN
The field workers employed under the grant from the Federal Department of Fisheries have continued to play their part in the steady development of the co-operative movement on the Pacific
Coast.
An outstanding feature of the year's work has been the close working relationship between the
field workers and the various co-operative organizations. A practical example of this was the series
of six weekly talks on fish handling and preservation, which was arranged in co-operation with the
United Fishermen's and Allied Workers' Union, the Fishermen's Co-operative Federation, the Pacific
Fisheries Experimental Station, and the International Pacific Salmon Fishery Commission. The lectures
were attended by a total of 200 fishermen and their subject matter was made available to many others
through the medium of The Fisherman. The field staff has also worked closely with the Co-operative
Union of B. C, and with the B. C. Credit Union League. v
Films, charts and joamphlets have been the chief educational media used. Lectures and meetings with co-operative executive groups have been held in many coastal communities, ane! a continuous advisory service maintained.
Mr. Breen Melvin, who left the Department in June to accept a position as Secretary of the
British Columbia Co-operative Union, was replaced by Mr. Douglas Clark, an honours graduate in
History from the University of British Columbia.
Seventy-six PUBLIC RELATIONS
The year has seen a steady expansion of the work in public relations. Mr, Arthur Sager, the
assistant in Public Relations, who was appointed in July of last year, divides his time between the
Extension Department and the President's Office.
Continuing its former practice, the Department prepared a monthly News Sheet, which has been
serft this year to approximately 1100 people,1 on their specific request. Letters and appreciative comments testified to the: value of this means of keeping those' interested in touch with new developments
at the University. The News Sheet's second page, highlighting some aspect of university work, was
often reprinted in local papers.
Regular daily press releases were issued to the three local newspapers, and releases of more
general interest were sent to all the B. C. daily and weekly newspapers. In all, 90 publications in
the Province were in receipt of regular releases about the University. Every attempt was made to
prepare stories of particular interest to the locality in which the paper was published. In addition,
all B. C. radio stations, the Alumni Association, Canadian university newspapers, and several national
magazines received releases. Special stories were also sent to many trade journals which requested
information about university work in their particular field. The B. C. Teacher, Country Life, B. C. Digest,
B. C. Journal of Commerce, Construction World, Electrical News, Western Miner, and the Canadian
Food Packer, were only a few. of the publications in which articles on the University appeared. Altogether, about fifty such articles were prepared.
An offer of radio time from the B. C. Parent-Teacher Federation resulted in a series of weekly,
fifteen-minute radio programmes, broadcast over CJOR during the 194546 Summer Session. These gave
publicity to the various summer courses sponsored by the Department, and featured special lecturers
and visiting professors.
Following correspondence with the editors of Time Magazine, a representative visited the campus
to prepare an article for this periodical. This article, which appeared in the Spring of this year, was
printed in the international edition of the magazine and attracted considerable attention. Assistance
has also been given to other writers for national publications. It is expected that articles about the University will appear this Fall in MacLean's, the National Home Monthly, and the Montreai Standard.
The Department has given full support to the Alumni-Student campaign for a U.B.C. War Memorial Gymnasium. The Public Relations Assistant acted as Chairman of the Publicity Committee during the first six months of the drive.
Full publicity through news releases and advertising has been given to all special university
events during the year. The Assistant was responsible for the preparation of the University float in
the Vancouver Diamond Jubilee Parade. By -means of publicity given to the need for housing for
student veterans, the serious shortage of accommodation has been considerably eased. Vancouver
newspapers have given their utmost co-operation in this regard.
Other members of the Departrnent have maintained close relationships with a great variety of
organizations and government agencies. The Director himself has been associated with the following
adult education bodies: the Vancouver Institute; the Adult Education Committee of the Vancouver
Y.M.GA.; the Regional Committee, Canadian Legion Educational Services; National Farm Radio Forum;
the National Council of Citizens' Forum; the Canadian Association for Adult Education; and,the National Film Board. The national conference on "Planning Community Programs", called by the Canadian
Association for Adult Education last May, was attended by the Director and two Assistants.
STAFF
There have been two major developments with respect to staff this year.        v
Mr. Robert J. Boroughs, honours'graduate of history (U.B.C), was appointed Assistant to the
Director, to replace Mr. Robert T. McKenzie, who resigned to accept a position as Assistant Director of
the Canadian Association of Adult Education.
To meet the need for assistance in the field' of handicrafts and home economics, Miss Eileen
Cross was appointed to take charge of this section of the Department's activities.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The Director wishes to express his appreciation to all who have contributed so generously towards the Extension programme of the University.
New and expanded programmes have been made possible only through the persistent arid enthusiastic effort shown by all members of the staff of the Department. ,
Respectfully submitted, G. M. SHRUM,
Director, Department of University Extension.
Seventy-seven Report of
The Director of The Special Winter and Spring Sessions
During the academic year 1945-46 two special sessions were conducted. In each of these, attendance was restricted to ex-service personnel and ex-members of the Merchant Navy.
Although the Special Winter Session, which extended from January 7th to May 1st, 1946, overlapped the second term of the Regular Session, a separate group of classes was organized. Instruction
was given in the Faculties of Arts and Science, Applied Science and Agriculture, and twenty-seven
courses were offered. A few special students registered for Law Courses. In the Faculty of Applied
Science, courses were so arranged that, by attending the Special Winter, SpeciaE Spring, and Summer
Sessions, students were able to complete the Second Year (old numbering). In the Faculties of Arts
and Science and Agriculture, students were permitted to register for not more than nine units. The
total attendance was approximately 2000.
The Special Spring Session extended from May 6th to June 28th, 1946. In Applied Science, the
Second Year subjects were continued, and in the Faculties of Arts and Science and of Agriculture
thirty courses were offered. In the latter two Faculties, students were permitted to register for not more
than six units.    Registration was slightly in excess of 2000.
In both sessions results were very gratifying. In the Spring Session, however, the strain of con-
tiriuous attendance and relatively concentrated courses began to be evident.
This brief report would "hot be complete without a word of appreciation for the instructors and
the members of the Administration, who, by their cooperation, overcame many difficult problems.
Respectfully submitted,
WALTER H. GAGE,
Director, Special Winter and Spring Sessions.
Seventy-eight Report of
The Director of The Summer Session
The twenty-seventh Summer Session rem from July 2nd to August 16th, 1946.   The enrolment was
much the largest in the University's history, as indicated in the following tabulation:
Summer Session Enrolment
1946 1945 1944
Partial        — — 15
First Year  688 260 53
Second Year    ----- 794 278 145
Third Year   ------ 445 132 59
Fourth Year ----- 240 81 64
Graduates  198 110 105
Auditors  ------ 13 .17 8
Total 2E E JvE: 449
In addition, three students enrolled for occupational courses in Agriculture.
The offering was made up of 50 full (3 unit) courses and 4 half {IVi unit) courses, as compared
with 31 full and 4 half courses in 1945. In addition, large enrolments made necessary the division of
several courses into sections, so that instruction was provided in a total of 69 V2 units, not including,
courses in Applied Science to which no unit Value is assigned.
The popular policy- of inviting professors from other universities to lecture was continued. The
following institutions were represented in the Summer Session of 1946: Boston University; University
of California; University of Southern California; Columbia University; University of Minnesota; University of Saskatchewan; Victoria College; University of Toronto; University of Western Ontario; College
of Puget Sound. -      >
An important change in the method of administering the Summer Session was inaugurated for
1946, with the establishment of the Summer Session Committee. This Committee consists of the President, the Deans "of the Faculties offering courses in the Summer Session, the Assistant Dean of the
Faculty of Arts and Science! the Registrar, the Director of the Department of University Extension, the
Director of the Summer Session, and other .members of the staff chosen from time to time. The Committee formulates policy and considers all important administrative matters. It has already proven to
be a valuable aid to the operation of a useful and efficient Summer Session, and gives promise of
becoming even more valuable in the future.
The programme of the Summer Session was, as usual, enlivened by a number of special features. The Department of University Extension offered courses in Dramatics, Radio, Art, Music Appreciation, and a Workshop in International Relations. The Summer Session Students' Association sponsored a number of noon-hour entertainments.
. The successful operation of such a large Summer Session would not have been possible without the willing and efficient co-operation of a large number of members of the staff. In particular the
contributions of the Registrar and the Assistant Dean of the Faculty of "Arts and Science are greatly
appreciated.
Respectfully submitted,
M. A. CAMERON,
Director, Summer Session
Seventy-nine Report of
The Chairman of The Joint Faculty Committee on Prizes,
Scholarships and Bursaries
In no single academic year, probably, has the University received more donations in the form
of new prizes, scholarships, bursaries and fellowships than it did during 1945-46. To the donors of these
awards we are deeply indebted, but to none more than the Vancouver Men's Canadian Club which,
under the guidance of Mr. J. A. Campbell, K.C, conducted a campaign resulting in the establishment
of 26 new awards having a total annual value of $5,250.
The following is a brief summary of new awards established during 1945-46. Donations received
through the Vancouver Men's Canadian Club are marked with an asterisk.
FELLOWSHIPS
The Candian Industries Limited Fellowship)—open to graduates in Agriculture, Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Forestry, Forest Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy.
Annual value        - $750
The Standard Oil Company of British Columbia Fellowship—open to graduates in Chemistry or
Chemical Engineering. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $1,100
The Shell Oil Fellowship for Research—open to graduates in Chemistry, Chemical Engineering,
Geology, Geophysics, Mechanical Engineering, Physics.
Annual value       fAJ'A.'     - .     -       $925
SCHOLARSHIPS
v ■
The Dorothy and William Dorbils Scholarship—open to graduates in the humanities and pure
science for three years of graduate study. First award to be made every four years,
beginning May, 1950. Value        -        -        -        -        -        $2,000
The Shanahan's Limited Scholarship—open to graduates in Chemistry or Chemical Engineering
for research in colloidal chemistry. Annual value        ....        $500
The British Columbia Sugar Refining Company Limited Scholarships—open to undergraduates in
their final year or graduates in the fields of Agriculture, Bacteriology, Biology and Botany,
Chemistry, Fisheries, Home Economics, and Zoology.
Total annual value       -      -       -       $2,500
*The John Inglis Company Limited Scholarships—two scholarships for students in second year
Applied Science, who intend to specialize in Mining or Metallurgical Engineering.
Total annual value        -       -       -       $250
*The Vancouver Daily Province Scholarship—an award for proficiency in the study of Government, open to third year students. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $250
*The Burbidge Scholarships, donated by Mr. P. W. Burbidge—two Scholarships open to students
taking honours in Mathematics and Physics and proceeding to the fourth year in the Faculty of Arts and Science. Total annual value        - .     -       -       $250
*The Woodward Scholarships, donated by the Honourable W. C. Woodward—two awards open
to third year students in Commerce for proficiency in Advertising and Marketing.
Total annual value       -       -       -       $250
*The Hogarth Scholarships—two awards donated by Major-General D. M. Hogarth, Toronto, for
proficiency in the third year of Agriculture.
Total annual value $250
Eighty 'The Lambert Scholarship, the gift of Brigadier Noel D. Lambert—an award for proficiency in the
third year of Civil Engineering. Annual value        -       -       -       -       $200
'The Canadian Forest Products Limited Scholarships—two scholarships for proficiency in the third
years of Forest Engineering. Total annual value       -       -       -       $300
The Cunningham Scholarship, the gift of Mr. George T. Cunningham—an award for general proficiency in the third year of Pharmacy. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $100
'The Norgan Scholarships, the gift of Mr. George C. Norgan—three scholarships in the first year
of Law and three in the second year of Law, awarded for general proficiency.
Total annual value       -       -       -       $900
rThe General Construction Company Limited Scholarships-
fa) Graduate scholarship for Civil Engineering.
Annual value       -       -       -       -       $300
(b) Proficiency scholarship for the second year of Applied Science.
Annual value       - $200
The Alaska Pine Company Limited Scholarships—
(a) a scholarship for highest standing in the third year of an Honours Course in Economics.
Annual value       -       -       -       -       $150
(b) a scholarship for proficiency in the third year of an Honours Course in Chemistry.
Annual value       -       -       -       -       $150
(c) a scholarship for general proficiency in second year Commerce.
Annual value     • -       -       -       -       $150
(d) a scholarship for general proficiency in the third year of Forestry .(R.S.F. Course).
Annual value        -       -       -       -       $150
The B. C. Drugs Limited Scholarship for general proficiency in the second ypar of Pharmacy.
Annual value       -       -       -       -       $100
The Pharmaceutical Association of the Province of British Columbia Scholarship—an award for
the student obtaining the highest standing in the practical examination for admission to the
second year of Pharmacy. Annual value        -       -    ■   - $100
The R. J. Pop Scholarship in" Zoology—an award for proficiency in the third year of the Honours
Course in Zoology. Annual value        -       -       -       -       $150
The Summerland Scholarship, donated by the citizens of Summerland—an award for a student
of Summerland High School who is proceeding to the University.
Annual value       -       -  ■    -       -       $250
The Crofton House Alumnae Scholarship—an award for a student of Crofton House School who
is proceeding to the University. Annual value        -       -       -       -       $175
RURSARIES
The Pattison Bursaries, donated by Mr. J. W. Pattison—two awards available for students entering, or intending to enter, the Social Work Course.
Total annual value       -       -       -       $200
The Teamsters' Joint Council No. 36 Bursary—available for the son or daughter of a member of
the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in B. C.
Annual value        - $250
The Lauder Mercer and Company Limited Bursary—available for a male student entering the
final year of Commerce. Annual value        -       -       -       -       $250
Eighty-one ■      ■ » *The Robert S. Day and Son Limited Bursary—available for a student completing the third year
of Commerce. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $150
The United I.O.O.F. Bursaries, donated by the Grand Lodge of B. C, the Grand Encampment, and
the Rebekah Assembly—six awards available for students in various parts of the Province.
Total annual value       -       -       -       $1,200
The Nat Bell Bursary, the gift of Mrs. Angela Bell—available for a student in any year of any
Faculty. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $150
The W. D. Shaffer Bursary, the gift of Miss Marion Shaffer—available for students in the Teacher
Training Course. - Annual value       -       -       -       -       $200
The Kiwassa Club Bursaries—four awards open to students proceeding to the course in Public
Health Nursing or the Professional Course in Social Work.
Total annual value   ,    --■'..       .       $600
The Provincial Council of British Columbia, Canadian Daughters' League, Bursary — a second
bursary offered by this organization for students entering Teacher Training or Social Work.
Annual value        -        -•      -        -        $100
The R.C.A.F. Veterans' Bursary Fund—an annual bursary provided from the sum of $10,000 donated to the University by the Wartime Convalescent Homes, War Charity Funds, Incorporated, Vancouver Division—available for R.C.A.F. Veterans.
Annual value       ....       $300
The Jack Cohen Bursary, the gift of Mr. S. J. Cohen — available for a student entering the
fourth year of Commerce. Annual value       ....       $150
The McLean Bursaries—four awards donated by Mr. and Mrs. J. S. McLean of Toronto, and available for students whose homes are in remoter parts of the Province. For the Session
1946-47 only. Total value       - $1,000
PRIZES
*The Northern Electric Company Limited Prize—an award for proficiency in the final two years
of the Course in Electrical Engineering. Annual value       -       -       -       -       $100
*The Canadian Forest Products Limited Prizes—two prizes for general proficiency in the final two
<        years of the course in Forest Engineering.
Total annual value $200
"The Cunningham Prize in Pharmacy, the gift of Mr. George T. Cunningham—an award for proficiency in all years of the course in Pharmacy.
Annual value $50
"The Norgan Essay Prize, the gift of Mr. George C. Norgan—an award for the best essay submitted by a student in the third year of the Law Course.
Annual value       -       -       -       -       $100
The Pharmaceutical Association of the Province of British Columbia Prize—an award for proficiency in the graduating year of Pharmacy.
Annual vaiue $50
The Carswell Company Limited Prizes—three book prizes, one in each year of the Law Course,
for general proficiency. Total annual value        -        -        -        $60
The H. R. MacMillan Export Company Limited Prizes—three first and three second prizes for the
best reports on topics in Forestry. Total annual value        -       -       -       $750
Eighty-two The Essay Prize in International Relations—an award provided from the income of a trust fund,
established by an'anonymous donor; the prize to be given for the best essay submitted in
the Faculty of Arts and Science on a topic dealing with International Relations.
. ' Annual value        -       -       -       -        $30
The Ingledow Prizes, donated by Mr. T. Ingledow — two awards for proficiency in third and
fourth year laboratory courses of Electrical Engineering.
Total annual value       -       -       -       $100
The Llewellyn Jones Prize in Zoology, donated by Mr. J. R. J. Llewellyn Jones, Cobble Hill, B.C.
—an award for proficiency in Zoology. Annual  value        - $50
The Dr. D. A. McKee Memorial Prize—an award provided by the income from a trust fund donated by Mrs. D. A. McKee, and given for proficiency in the third year of Agriculture.
Annual value        - -     -       -       -       $30
The British Columbia Packers Limited Prizes in Fisheries—four prizes offered during the Session
1945-46 for essays dealing with phases of the fishing industry.
Total value       -----       $300
The W. Dafoe Foundation Prizes—two prizes offered during the Session 1945-46 to undergraduates registered in the third or fourth year in Economics or History.
Total value $200
The Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (British Columbia Section) Prize — an award
offered during the Session 1945-46 for the best Master's Thesis in the field of Mining,
Geology, or Metallurgy. Value $100
INCREASE IN VALUE OF EXISTING AWARDS
The Mary C. Lipsett Bursary, the gift of Mrs. Mary C. Lipsett—increased from $250 to $300.
An annual increase of       -       -.  -   -       $50
Bursary for Proficiency (Special Award), the gift of an anonymous donor—the original donation
of $1,000 increased to $1,500. An increase of       -       -       -       -       $500
OUTSIDE AWARDS
During the year several scholarships, awarded by outside institutions and discontinued during
the period of the War, were re-established. Among these are the Rhodes Scholarship, the Imperial
Order of the Daughters of the Empire War Memorial Scholarship (Overseas), and the French Government Scholarships. In addition, several new awards, including the Imperial Oil Graduate Research
Fellowships, and the Law Scholarships provided by the Viscount Bennett Trust Fund, were made
available for students in Canadian Universities.
STUDENT AID
As in previous years, financial assistance for deserving students was provided by the various
"named" bursaries and scholarships, the Special Bursaries Fund, and the Dominion-Provincial Student Aid and Provincial Loan Fund. Approximately 50 students, representing 15 different centres of
the Province were given Special Bursary awards totalling $6,600. Over 180 students, from 60 different
centres of the Province, received aid from the Dominion-Provincial Fund, amounting approximately to
$23,000 in bursaries and $15,000 in loans. It should be mentioned, that of each award from the Dominion-Provincial Fund, 60 per cent was given as a bursary and 40 per cent as a loan; Repayment
of the loan is not required until one year after the student enters gainful employment, and until then,
no interest is charged.
Eighty-three CONCLUSION
The Committee wishes to take this opportunity of expressing to Colonel F. T. Fairey, Deputy
Minister of Education, its gratitude for his generous assistance, especially in regard to the Dominion-
Provincial Student Aid Funds. In spite of his heavy duties, Colonel Fairey found time to be present
at all the interviews with applicants for this aid. His sympathetic consideration of the needs of worthy
students is greatly appreciated.
The Committee also wishes to thank the President, the Board of Governors, the Senate, and
the Members of Faculty, for their cooperation. Special acknowledgment should be made of the efficient assistance given by the staffs of the Registrar's and Bursar's offices.
Respectfully submitted,
WALTER H. GAGE,
Chairman, Joint Faculty Committee on Prizes,
Scholarships and Bursaries.
-Efe#ty?f< Report of
The Director of The University Health Service
In October, the Health Service moved into a hut which was quickly renovated and equipped to
accommodate' the increased number of students appearing for examinaion, consultation, etc. Our
programme calls for the physical examination of all new students and the re-examination of second
year students for compulsory physical education. Ex-service personnel are not required to have a
medical examination on entrance but are required to fill out the Health Card and in certain instances
such students are called in for special examination or consultation. However, after nine months at the
University, ex-service students are asked to report for routine check-up and this programme developed during the spring months of the session. As in previous years the professional staff of the Metropolitan Health Department, Vancouver, assisted in the medical examination of new students during
the fall term. We were also very glad to have the services of Dr. E. H. Cooke as a full time physician
during the last three months of the regular session. In January, 1946, Miss D. Ladner was appointed
full time Assistant Public Health Nurse and Mrs. Jean Worrall continued during the regular session
as Sessional Public Health Nurse. Miss Ladner also took over the duties of Public Health Nurse to the
University Hill School which comes under our jurisdiction.
We are also glad to welcome back Dr. C. H. Gundry, Mental Hygienist of the Metropolitan Health
Department and Director of School Medical Services,, who had been on leave of absence for war service. Dr. Gundry resumed his work in the Health Service to interview students referred for personality and psychiatrical problems.
Mrs. K. Farstad carried a heavy load as clerical assistant most acceptably and we were pleased
to have the services of Mrs. Helen Seman in the office during the visit of the Mobile Chest -X-ray Unit.
The President's Health Committee functioned this year and several meetings were held. Together
with Dr. C. E. Dolman, head of the Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine, a survey of
eating places in the area was carried out and recommendations regarding sanitary measures were
presented to the Committee. We are very pleased to report that many of the essential points in the
recommendation have been carried out. At the end of the year there are seven eating establishments
in operation and it is to the credit of the operators and the Building Department that although the
buildings in some cases were hurriedly constructed yet the overall sanitary pattern and performance
was not neglected.
The rapid housing development in the area, especially Acadia Camp causes some concern.
Sewage disposal, although temporarily taken care of by septic tanks, should be serviced by trunk
sewers as soon as possible. We are pleased to learn that such installations should be available
before the fall.
During the "summer months the Health Service established a Child Health Centre at Acadia
Camp for mothers with babies and young children. This clinic will operate at monthly intervals dnd
v/e are grateful to the voluntary service given by ladies of the University Area.
The professional staff of the Metropolitan Health Department gave 37 lectures and talks to
students in the Departments of Nursing and Health, Home Economics, Social Service and Physical
Education. Students in the Department of Nursing and Health receive field instruction with the
Metropolitan Health Department.
Apart from routine physical examinations students report to the office for first aid and emergency treatment, students sick on the campus also report and students absent because of illness
report before going back to class. Sick students may also be excused from physical education
classes. Students, contacts of communicable disease at home or elsewhere, report to the office before
admission to class, and various biological tests and immunizations are offered as a protection against
communicable diseases. At the request of private physicians, students are also given various tests
and injections as a convenience to the student. Sick students requiring treatment are referred to practicing physicians or to hospital and in this connection we have cooperated with Shaughnessy Hospital
and the Department of Veterans' Affairs in the examination and referral of ex-service students. One
of our major problems is the 'boarding home care of sick students, who do not require active hospitalization but do require a few days in bed and some medical and nursing attention. In this connection
an infirmary service on the campus is badly needed.
During the winter session the D.V.A. established a Dental Office at the University with a full
time dentist and staff for the convenience of ex-service students. This is a real service and saves considerable time for students requiring dental attention.
Eighty-five Altogether there were 24,936 office visits to the Health Service during the year,.a one hundred
per cent increase over the number last year.
Highlighting the year's activities was" the visit of the Mobile Chest X-ray Unit provided by the
B. C. Tuberculosis Society and the Division of T. B. Control, Provincial Board of Health—this- service
begun and carried out through purchases of Christmas Seals. Residents of the University Area and
University staff and "employees were also invited to have a chest X-ray. Altogether 4745 were examined during the survey of which 4222 were students. This represents a very good response, particularly as many of the students are ex-service recently registered and with a discharge chest X-ray. Even
so, many of these students appeared for an X-ray. No fewer than 5 ex-service students were found to
have active tuberculosis before the visit of the unit in February, 1946, and a yearly X-ray will be
carried out for all students if facilities and time permit. A great deal of the success of this campaign
is due to the students themselves through their organizations and University papers. Many students
gave part time voluntary assistance.
In March, 1946, a virulent smallpox epidemic struck in the State of Washington. Special vaccination clinics were held in Vancouver, and at the- University all but emergency work stopped for a
week or so to accommodate persons appearing for vaccination. Altogether 1714 vaccinations were
done and in this connection we must thank Dr. L. Ranta of the Department of Bacteriology and various student public health nurses of the Department of Nursing and Health for their assistance, generously given at this time. t
In conclusion, the Health Service desires to express its appreciation to the President, Faculty and
staff members and the various Divisions of the Provincial Board of Health for valued assistance and
guidance.
Respectfully submitted,
J. S. KITCHING, M.D.,
Director.
M. UPSHALL, B.A.Sc,
Public Health Nurse in Charge.
:pi^hty-six Report of
The Director o£ Physical Education for Men
For the first time in the history of the University a physical education activity programme of
two hours per week was required of all first and second year students with the exception of ex-servicemen and members of military units operating on the campus.
Although compulsory physical education was not officially authorized until September 24, 1945,
the attitude of the students in general was surprisingly good with the result that a varied programme
was soon put into effect.
The following classes were available for men:
1. Physical Training—16 sections.
2. Beginners' Games and Sports—2 sections.
3. Beginners' Gymnastics—1 section.
4. Square and Ballroom Dancing—2 sections. ;
5. Tumbling and Apparatus—2 sections. .
6. Volunteer Instructors Corps—2 sections.
7. Swimming—2 sections.
8. Boxing—2 sections.
- 9.  Fencing—2 sections.
10. Archery—1 section.
11. Golf—2 sections.
12. Body Building (Weight Lifting)—1 section.
13. Badminton—1 section.
14. Track and Field—1 section.
Number of men satisfying regulations—740.
Number of men passed conditionally—16.
Number of men excused for medical reasons—87.
Number of men excused medically but taking modified work—40.
Number of men excused for special reasons—5.
The lack of desired facilities was to some extent obviated by using the Crystal Pool for swimming classes and the Armoury for badminton, archery, and fencing, and by enrolling large numbers
in certain classes.
To assist the instructional staff to cope with the large numbers, part-time instructors were employed for golf, fencing, and some of the physical training classes.
INTRAMURAL SPORTS
The Men's Intramural Programme which was organized and directed by the Physical Education
Department, enjoyed a successful year of active, keen participation.
A summary follows:
Number of teams competing—26.
Number of faculty groups—3.
Number of fraternities—12.
Number of other groups—11.
Number of,different sports in which competitions were held—II.
Approximate number of competitors—650.
Since the intramural programme is capable of providing desirable recreation and athletic competition for such a large number of students, the Director feels that it ought to be expanded. Therefore,
in 1946-47 he proposes to delegate the responsibility of directing the intramural athletic program to a
member of the Physical Education Staff as a part of his assigned duties. It is expected that as the
facilities are increased, the, number of men participating can be doubled.
ATHLETICS
Entrance into the Pacific Northwest Intercollegiate Athletic Conference has necessitated a close
liaison with the student leaders in order to assist the Athletic Directorate with its expanding programme of intercollegiate athletics.
Eighty-seven Three hours per week (one hour lecture and two hours practical) of instruction were given to
five women and twelve men of the Teacher Training class. -Arrangements were made with the Department of Education in Victoria to credit successful students with three units towards the Specialist's
Certificate in Physical Education.
Because of the large numbers attending the above sessions, it was considered desirable to keep
the gymnasium open all summer and to make equipment available to meet the recreational needs of
the many servicemen.
An experienced student was hired to supervise equipment and to assist the student organizations with their recreational programme.
It is recommended that consideration be given  to  the  desirability  or  necessity  of  having  a
Physical Education fee to provide for the following:
1. Locker and towel service.
2. Swimming and special activity privileges.
Respectfully submitted,
R. F. OSBORNE,
Director of Physical Education for Men.
Eighty-eight Report of
The Director of Physical Education for Women
A milestone of vital importance to the Department of Physical Education was passed during the
session 1945-46 with the inauguration of two hours required physical activity for every first and second
year woman student. This necessitated the services of two full time instructors—a director and an
assistant—and two part time instructors. It also entailed a greatly extended programme to accommodate not only those students who were judged completely fit as a result of their medical examination,
but also that large group of students who were not able to take part in a regular programme of
physical activity.
Classes were organized to give instruction in the popular team games of grass hockey, basketball and volleyball, and' in such individual sports as archery, fencing, badminton, tennis, table tennis,
golf and swimming. In the last mentioned, opportunity was given and students were encouraged to
take the examinations of the Royal Life Saving Society and so to qualify themselves for bronze, silver
and instructor's awards. A small but enthusiastic number of women joined with the men for instruction in advanced tumbling and apparatus. It is hoped that this group will continue to work together
during 1946-47 and will improve to the point where they will be able to represent the University in
inter-collegiate competition. As rhythmic activity is particularly attractive to women, several forms of
dance were offered, namely, folk, modem, old time square and couple dances, and ballroom. There
was' also a class in basic rhythmics using such small hand apparatus as clubs, balls and skipping
ropes. Only one class was organized for keep-fit or traditional gymnastic exercise. This was done
purposely to overcome the rather rampant antipathy to this type of physical activity which had developed as a result of the required War Work Programme in operation on the campus during.the previous three years.
The total enrolment of first and second year students was 677. The vast majority attended their
chosen classes regularly and participated with enthusiasm. 60 registered, but for one reason or
another, failed to attend the required number of classes and so received a condition pass. Only a
very few, 18, did not cooperate, failing to register for, or attend any classes whatsoever.
On the basis of the above figures, and from the general enthusiasm of the women students as
they participated in their various activities, it would seem safe to say that two hours of physical education for first and second year students has been happily accepted as a requirement towards
obtaining a degree from the University of British Columbia.
Besides the afore-mentioned classes, assistance was given by the staff in the organization and
conduct of an extensive intramural sports programme. Round robin tournaments were played
between faculty teams in the major sports of volleyball, basketball, tennis, badminton and table tennis.
Knock-out tournaments were conducted in golf, archery, bowling and football. Further, successful meets
were held in swimming and indoor and outdoor track.
Although student athletics comes largely under the direction of the Women's Athletic Association the women's director was consistently consulted on'all matters of importance and the assistant
director coached one of the hockey teams. It is hoped that, as a result of new appointments to the
department, it will, be possible to meet the student request that both basketball and hockey teams for
1946-47 be directed and coached by members of the physical education staff.
With regard to the teacher training students, as the number of women (5) was too small a group
to work with alone, they joined with the men students for two hours of physical activity every Saturday morning. For the first time, arrangements were made with the Provincial Department of Education whereby the successful students in this class were able to receive three units credit towards their,
Specialist's Certificate in Physical Education.
In submitting this report I should like to state that the happy conclusion of this year's programme was achieved as a result of the wonderful cooperation received from all those whom it involved, students and staff alike, and particularly from the close harmony with which my assistant
'and I were able to work with the director and associate of the men students.
Respectfully submitted,
JEAN SLEIGHTHOLME, .../-
Director of Physical Education tor Women.
Eighty-nine Report of
The Director of The Veterans' Bureau and University-
Employment Bureau
The Veterans' Bureau was first established in the University on October 1st, 1945. E Its purpose
was to act-as an advisory and counselling service for-all veterans attending the University. This
service had previously been under the guidance of \Dr. G.. ME Shrum, Director of the Department of
Extension. Its activities were augmented in the beginning by the handling and disbursements, of payments made under P.C. 5210, by checking attendance and academic standing of all student ex-service
personnel and by keeping a close liaison with the Department of Veterans' Affairs. The staff of the
Bureau consists of two full-time counsellors, two part-time counsellors, plus secretarial 'and stenographic help.
The offices along with the University Employment and Placement Bureau are now situated at the
far end of the parking lot near the southwest corner of the Armouries,
During the year,- every ex-service man and woman was personally interviewed by a counsellor
before or soon after registration at the University.
Initial Interviews '
Regular Session and Winter Session Interviews  -       -       -       -       - 3,192
Summer Session Interviews   -       -       -       - ■    -       -       -       -       - 160
Special Spring Session Interviews  552
Regular Sessions-September 1946, interviews as of October 1         - 1,200
Request Interviews
October 1, 1945—October 1, 1946        -       -       -       -       -       -       -, 6,000
Number requested to report because of poor attendance or .
academic standing         -  450
Total number of interviews    -      11,554
In' cooperation with the Department of Psychology, the Bureau has carried out a testing;, program. Students whose academic record has been questionable, have been tested for interest, aptitude and achievement to the approximate number of 700. In addition, all veterans entering in the
spring session- and the summer session have been tested for general ability and for achievement in
Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and English. The value of this program in follow-up. work has been
such that it was decided to test all first year ex-service personnel entering the University in September 1946.    This program has now been carried out and results are being tabulated.
Attendance and progress have been checked by securing reports from certain instructors in
various faculties and years at four different periods in the regular session. This method has not proved
entirely satisfactory because instructors have found it difficult to give an accurate report. This difficulty, it is-hoped, will be overcome in the coming session through the cooperation of the Registrar's
office. All students whose attendance or progress has been reported to be unsatisfactory have been
interviewed individually and an effort has been made to help students in difficulty. This has been
done by arranging for special tutorial classes, giving advice on how to study, arranging for more
suitable living accommodations where possible, or in -some cases advising students to take up occupational instead of educational training. Of students who found it necessary to withdraw, ninety per
Cent were either allocated to special training along vocational lines through the cooperation of the
Department of Veterans' Affairs or were placed in Affairs or were placed in jobs.
The Bureau has handled and disbursed all cheques for students under allowances. The total
number of cheques disbursed between October 1, 1945 and October 1, 1946 — 23,700.
THE EMPLOYMENT AND PLACEMENT RUREAU
The Employment and Placement Bureau was established on March 1, 1946. At that time it took
over from the Student Employment Bureau which had been in operation for some years. The efforts
of the Bureau were at first directed to making all possible efforts to secure summer-time employment.
Ninety. Male
Female
1,865
358
480
75
71
12
1,793
281
333
60
84
34
28
19
Figures are quoted below:
Total registrations for Summer Employment
Total registrations for Part-time Employment     ...
Total registratons for Permanent Employment   -
Number of firms contacted by mail, telephone or
personal visit — approximately         - 3,000
Number of jobs listed—Summer Employment   -
Number of jobs listed—Part-time Employment   -       -       -
Number of jobs listed—Permanent Employment
Permanent jobs filled -       -
The following observations are noted:
(1) Registration for summer employment was much lower than expected. Lack of a central
place for registration, large number of students attending Special Spring Session, and the difficulty of
reaching the offices in the Armoury while examinations were in progress, were probably the main
reasons here.
(2) Registrations and placements for graduates have been relatively small. In the early stages
the Bureau concentrated entirely on vacation employment, but it is now in a position to handle permanent graduate employment, relying as formerly on the advice and consent of the various departments
concerned.
(3) In cooperation with the Alumni Association, the Bureau has now undertaken to enter registrations and positions for former graduates of this University who may wish to make an advantageous
change of position.   To date 27 former graduates have taken advantage of this service.
Respectfully submitted,
JOHN F. McLEAN, Director,
The Veterans' Bureau and
University Employment Bureau.
Ninety «on& Report of
The Commanding Officer, University Naval Training Division
GENERAL    - '
The ending of the War and the resultant changes in the policies of the universities, the Selective Service and the Naval Service, made the organization of the U.N.T.D. very difficult.
No peace-time policies had been- formulated, and not only was it impossible to offer the members
and prospective members any definite plans, but there was no assurance that the U.N.T.D. would be
established on a permanent basis. -        \ > v
Under these conditions the numbers of members remaining in the Unit as well as the numbers
of new entries were drastically reduced. '
During the Session the Naval Service established the U.N.T.D.s as permanent peace-time officer
Training Units. Men who successfully complete the four year training syllabus and pass the Officer
Selection Board are commissioned as confirmed Sub-Lieuteridnts in either the Royal Canadian Navy or
in the Royal Canadian Navy (Reserve). Comparatively few men will be selected for the R. C. N. and
the remainder will enter the Reserve Group of qualified Naval Officers.
Assignment of Bounty Pay for parades during the University session was discontinued this year,
so each man received the full amount earned by attending parades.
In February, a U.N.T.D. dance Was held in the Officers' Mess of the U.B.C. Armories.
In March, Commander K. C. McRae, Commanding Officer of H.M.C.S. "Discovery", inspected
the Unit and expressed complete satisfaction with the results of the Training.
The co-operation and assistance of the University Authorities and of the C.O.T.C. throughout the
session was greatly appreciated.
TRAINING ■       -.
The Naval Service.fixed the training during the session at 60 hours which was divided into
20 three-hour evening parades. All parades were held in the-U.B.C. Armories as H.M.C.S. "Discovery"
was fully occupied as a Naval Discharge Center. The Naval Service paid rental for the use of the
Armories.
All men received the same training regardless of the University Course in- which they were
registered.   The special training is given during the Spring Training period.
Most of the instruction was given voluntarily by two ex-Naval Officers who were students at
the University.
' The two-weeks' Spring Training period is compulsory in the U.N.T.D. and consisted this year of
a cruise on H.M.C.S. "Charlottetown". The ship macfo three cruises in May and June and one in
September to accommodate the U.N.T.D.S of the four Western Universities. On each cruise the ship
visited Ketchikan, Alaska, and three or more Canadian ports.
Three men took advantage of the opportunity to remain on service for the full summer and
served on H.M.C.S.s "Ontario", "Crescent" and "Charlottetown" in turn, thus obtaining experience on
a cruiser, destroyer and frigate.        ,
RECORD OF ENLISTMENTS AND DISCHARGES
Old Hands on strength, September, 1945 - - r - 14
New-entries, September, 1945       -       - - - -- 16
Total strength, September, 1945   -       - - - - - 30
Discharges during the session     -       - - - - - 4
Active Service with R.C.N., May, 1946 - 2
Total - strength, May, 1946    -       -       - - - - - 24
OFFICER CANDIDATES
<■ At the end of the'second year of U.N.D.T. Training, each -man appears before a Preliminary
Officer Selection Board and, if accepted, is rated as Officer Candidate with higher rates of pay for
Spring and Summer Training.
This year, seven men out of eleven applicants were selected.    The remainder are eligible to
appear before a Board another year.    In this way,'immature men may develop with further training.
,   In May, two men were selected for the R.C.N,  when they received their Degrees at Congregation.
Respectfully submitted,
LIEUT. CDR. (SB) H. M. McILROY, R.C.N. (R),
Officer Commanding, U.N.T.D., U.B.C.
Ninety-two Report of
The Commanding Officer, Canadian Officers' Training Corps
GENERAL
This report covers the activities of the University of British Columbia Contingent of the Canadian Officers' Training Corps for the first year of peace following the Second World War.
The strength of the Unit on the 31st of March, 1945, was 27 Officers and 1019 Other Ranks.
When training was made voluntary on September 24th, 1945, the strength of the Unit was reduced to
17 Officers and 73 Other Ranks. The University Naval Training Division continued throughout the
year with ratings.
The detached company of the C.O.T.C. at Victoria College was disbanded on January 1st, 1946.
On the 19th of February, 1946, N.D.H.Q. authorized a change of command. Lt. Col. G. M.
Shrum, M.M., who served as Commanding Officer from March 18th, 1937, to February 18th, 1946, was
succeeded by Major R. W. Bonner on the 26th of February, 1946. Col. C. C. Ferrie, E.D., inspected
the Unit and presented the Bren Shield to the winning team in the 39th (R) Brigade Skill at Arms
competition.
On April 13th, 1946, Major R. W. Bonner was promoted to A/Lt. Col. and appointed to command
the CO.T.C.
On the 29th of January, 1946, a luncheon was held in the Officers' Mess in honour, of General
H. D. G. Crerar, C.H., C.B., D.S.O.
The Representative of the Director of Military Training, Major Murray MacDonald, visited the
C.Q.T.C. A number of Officers of the C.O.T.C. and Veterans attending U.B.C. were present' at a
luncheon with the representative of the Director of Military Training. An informal discussion of future
Military Training was held after the luncheon.
TRAINING '
Parades were held on Tuesday nights when Officers and Cadets spent three hours on basic and
advanced training. In addition to the regular Tuesday parades, a number of Officers and Cadets
spent considerable time on the miniature range which was open daily, an instructor of the A; & T.
Staff being present at all times. Sunday practices were held at Blair Range for the 39th (R) Brigade
Group Skill at Arms competition and for the G.O.C.'s Skill at Arms competitions.
Teams were entered in the Dominion of Canada Rifle Association shoot (small-bore) for the
months of February and March.
A Motor Transport course was conducted by the 39th (R) Brigade Group, and the 10 Cadets
who enrolled for the course were qualified as Drivers, Class III (wheeled).
Twenty-nine Cadets enrolled for a winter training Ski Course, conducted by the 39th (R) Brigade
Group.   This course was held on Sundays, Hollybum Ridge being the training area.
STAFF
The authorized Administrative and Training Staff for the year was reduced to 1 Officer and 3
Other Ranks.
Capt. W. J. D. Heffernan acted as Training Officer until the 3rd of January, 1946, when Lieut.
J. L. McCulloch was appointed in his place. Capt. S. E. Walmsley, whose appointment as Adjutant
terminated on the 22nd of September, 1946, continued to act as Adjutant on Reserve Status.
DISCIPLINE '
No breaches of discipline occurred during the year.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Acknowledgment Js here recorded of the splendid contributions of service to this Contingent
made by the Officers whose retirements are noted elsewhere in this report In particular, the Service
of Lt. Col. G. M. Shrum, M.M., commencing the 17th of December, 1928, and terminating in retirement
on February 18th, 1946, is especially noted.    In the nine years during which Lt. Col. Shrum was in
Niiie'ty-Hhree command, his initiative and energy contributed largely to the success of the Contingent, and through
his efforts permanent quarters were provided.
The Service rendered by Major C. W. Topping from the 26th of September, 1939 to the 10th of
January, 1946, until retirement as second-in-command of the Contingent, is also noted with appreciation
at this time.
In addition to the particular acknowledgments just made, evidence of valuable service rendered
by all who staffed the Contingent during the recently concluded war, and whose retirements are
referred to here, may be seen in the facts, that, during the war the U.B.C. Contingent,; C.O.T.C, furnished 1452 men to the Navy, Army and Air Force/ the majority of whom served as Commissioned
Officers. - '
Respectfully submitted,
R. W. BONNER, LT. COL.,
Officer Commanding,     E
U.B.C. Contingent, C.O.T.C,
Ninety-four Publications
FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
SESSION   1945 - 1946
DEPARTMENT OF BACTERIOLOGY AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
DOLMAN, C. E.
Report on a survey of medical education in Canada and the United States. Vancouver, University of British Columbia, 1946.    53 p.
RANTA, L. E.
The crossroads of human and veterinary medicine.   Canadian journal of comparative medicine
9:321-4 December 1945.
A hopeful meditation in discontentment.   Canadian Hazen conference.    Interaction between the
universities and society in a changing world—an account of the fourth Canadian Hazen
conference, June, 1946.   p. 15-17.
Too late and too little (whooping cough and scarlet fever immunization). Canadian nurse 41:943-6
December 1945.
DEPARTMENT OF CLASSICS
GRANT, W. L.
Review: Durant, Will.   Caesar and Christ.   Classical journal 41:349-50 April .1946.
MacKAY, L. A.
The earthquake horse.    Classical philology 41:150-4 July 1946.
RIDDEHOUGH, G. B.
Queen Elizabeth's translation of Boethius De Consolatione Philosophiae. Journal of English
and Germanic philology 45:88-94 January 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY
ANGUS, H. F. - '.'''.
The Canadian constitution and the United Nations charter.   Canadian journal of economics and
political science 12:1-27-35 May 1946.       *
The future of immigration into Canada.    Canadian journal of economics and political science
■   12:379-86 August 1946. '.".'--''
Immigration.    International journal 1:64-7 Winter 1945-46.
Japan—our problem.    Toronto, Canadian institute of international affairs, 1946.   Behind the headlines vol. 6 no. 3.
Review: Tsang, Chih.   China's postwar markets. International journal 1:175-6 Spring 1946.
CRUMB, J. A.
Future price of gold.   Western miner 19:35-7 January 1946.
JAMIESON, STUART
Improvements in the conditions of labour. British Columbia. Board of health. Health education group of Vancouver vol. 12 no, Ep. 1-12 [n. d.]   ' • .
Labor unionism in American agriculture.    Monthly labor review 62:25-36 January 1946.
Labor unionism in American agriculture. Government printing Office, Washington, D.C. -1945
457 p.   United-States.   Bureau of labor statistics.   Bulletin 836.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION      .  ,.
CAMERON, M. A.
Report of the Commission of inquiry into educational finance. King's printer, Victoria, 194$;
108 p.
Ninety-five DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
AKRIGG, G. P. V.
Middleton: an allusion to the Shakespere first folio?   Shakespeare association.    Bulletin 31:25-6
January 1946.
The renaissance reconsidered.   Queen's quarterly 52:311-19 Autumn 1945.
BIRNEY, EARLE
Canada calling.    Canadian forum 36:31-2, 59-61 May, June 1946
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY
WILLIAMS, M. Y.
Notes on the vertebrates of the southern plains of Canada 1923-1926. Canadian field-naturalist
60:47-60 May-June 1946.
WILLIAMS, M. Y.; BROCK, R. W.; SCHOFIELD, S. J.; and PHEMISTER, T. C
The physiography and igneous geology of Hong Kong and the New Territories. Royal society
of Canada.   Transactions ser 3, 39, sec. 4:91-119 1945.
OKULITCH, V. J.
Intervallum structure of Cambrocyathus amourensis.    Journal of palaeontology 20:275r6 May
1946.
WARREN, H. V.
Mineralogical notes. Bismuth tellurides from the White Elephant claim, B. C. Toronto. University.    University of Toronto Studies.   Geological series no. 50:75-7 1946.
Mineralogy of the ores of the Highland-Bell mine.  Western miner 19:38-43, 54-8 May, June 1946.
Minerals from the Highland-Bell silver mine, Beaverdell, B. C Toronto. University. University
of Toronto studies.    Geological series no. 50:27-33 1946. i
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
SAGE, W. N.
Review: Dee, H, D., ed.    The journal of John Work.   Beaver outfit 277:48 June 1946.     ,
Review: Moloney, Alice Bay, ed. Fur brigade to the Bonaventura, John Work's California expedition, 1832-1833.   Canadian historical review 27:63-4 March 1946.
Robie Lewis Reid (1866-1945).   Royal society of Canada.    Transactions ser 3, 39, Appendix
B: 109-10 1945.
Vancouver—sixty years of progress. British Columbia journal of commerce year book 1946:97-
115 1946.
COOKE, A. C.
Review: Parkin, Raleigh. India today; Jesse, F. Tennyson. The story of Burma. International
journal 1:268-9 Summer 1946.
OLESON, T. J.
Review: Eylands, V. J.   Lutherans in Canada.    Canadian historical review 27:71-2 March 1946.
SOWARD, F. H.
Canada's growth in external status.    Canada year book 1945:74-9.
Review: Brebner, J. B.   North Atlantic triangle, Canadian historical review 27:58-60 March 1946.
Review: Clokie, H. McD.    Canadian government and politics.    American historical review
51:154 October 1945.
Review: Corbett, P. E.   Britain, partner for peace.    International journal 1:270 Summer 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS
BUCHANAN, DANIEL
A six-body problem. 'Royal society of Canada.    Transactions ser 3, 39, sec. 3:lt20 1945.
^Ninety-six NOWLAN, F. S.
Analytic geometry. - Third edition.   McGraw-Hill Book company, New York and London, 1946.
355 p.
University programs for ex-service personnel in.Canada.    American mathematical -monthly
52:592-8 December 1945.
DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES '
PARKER, J. H.
An intensive language programme.   Canadian modern language review 2:14-16 September 1945.
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS i
BELINFANTE, F. J.
On the longtitudinal and the transversal delta-function, with some applications.   Physica 12:1-16
April 1946.
On the vanishing of div.—4 in quantumelectrodyhamics.   Physica 12:17-32 April 1946.
BLUH, OTTO , - ■
German education.    Journal of education (London) 78:80, 82 February 1946.'
CLARK, A. R.; HAWLEY, J. E.; FRITZSCHE, K. W.; and HONEYMAN, K. G.
The Aldermac Moulton Hill deposit.   Canadian institute of mining and metallurgy.   Transactions
•     48:367-401 1945.
MacKENZIE, K. R. -
Frequency modulated cyclotron.   Physical review 69:669-70 June 1 and 15, 1946.
VOLKOFF, G. M.
Atomic energy.   Blueprint p. 4-9 November 1945.
Explaining the atomic piles.   Montreal Standard.   Into the atomic age. p. 51-5   (Reprinted from
Montreal Standard's series of articles in the spring of 1946.}
The scientific aspects of atomic energy.   Canadian association of scientific workers.    Atomic
energy p. 1-13.   Montreal, 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
CLEMENS, W. A.
Contributions to the life history of the sockeye salmon.    Paper 30.   British Columbia.    Department of provincial fisheries.   Report 1944: M32-M43 1945.
COWAN, I. McT.
Antlered doe mule deer.   Canadian (field naturalist 60:11-12 January-February 1946.
The free-tailed bat, Tadarida macrotis in British Columbia.   Canadian field naturalist 59:149
July-August 1945.
Notes on the distribution of Spizella brewed taverneri.   Condor 48:93-4 March-April 1946.
Parasites, diseases, injuries and anomalies of the Columbian black-tailed deer; OdocoileuS hemi-
onus Columbianus (Richardson) in British Columbia   Canadian journalof research 24 sec
D:71-103 June 1946. -
Report of wildlife studies: Jasper, Banff and Yoho national parks in 1944; and parasites, diseases
and injuries of game animals in the Rocky Mountain national parks,   1942-44.    Canada.
National parks bureau.   Ottawa, 1946.   84 p.
COWAN, I. McT. and CARL, G. C. .':'
The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) in British Columbia waters and vicinity. Cork*
adian field naturalist 59:170-1 September-October 1945.
Ninety-seven COWAN, I. McT. and CLARKE, C.H.D.
Birds of Banff national park, Alberta:.   Canadian field naturalist 59:83-103 May-June 1945.
COWAN, I. McT. and MUNRO, J. A.
Birds and mammals of Revelstoke national park.    (Part 2)   Canadian alpine journal 30:237-56
1946.
SPENCER, G. J.
Mental insect attacks.   Entomological society of British Columbia    Proceedings 1945 42:15-16
December 8, 1945.
On the- incidence, density and decline of certain insects in British Columbia.    Entomological
society of British Columbia.   Proceedings 1945 42:19-23 December 8, 1945
SPENCER, G. J. and BUCKELL, E. R.
A preliminary list of the flesh flies of British Columbia (Diptera; Sarcophagidae).   Entomological
>      society of British Columbia.   Proceedings 1945 42:6 December 8, 1945.
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING AND HEALTH
MALLORY, H. E.
The administration and the head nurse.   Canadian nurse 41:29-32 January 1945.
The time for action is now.    (Guest editorial) Canadian nurse 42:201-03 March 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
WOQD, S. N, <
Control of infectious laryngotracheitis of fowl.   Pacific coast poultry producers' association.   Bulletin February 1945. r
The use of live virus vaccines in control of fowl pox and infectious laryngotracheitis.    Family
Herald and Weekly Star, Montreal, March, 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF DAIRYING
EAGLES, B. A.
Mastitis—laboratory tests and their interpretation.   B. C. Jersey bulletin 2:14-18 March 1946.
DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
HARRIS, G. H.
Malnutrition and the micro-elements.   C.I.L. Oval p. 5 January-February 1946.   (Reprinted in
Food world, March 1946.)
DEPARTMENT OF POULTRY HUSBANDRY
LLOYD, E. A. and HILL, A. T.
Autosexing redbars.   Poultry science July, 1946.,
BIELY, JACOB; GASPERDONE, H.; and NAROD, M.
Female hormones; their place in fattening poultry.   Canada poultryman vol. 33 no. 6, June 1946.
BIELY, JACOB; NAROD, M.; and McMILLAN, R.
Grains; their place in the poultry ration.   Canada poultryman vol. 33 no. 5, April 1946.
BIELY, JACOB and STEVENS, JOAN
Carotene in dehydrated green feed. Canada poultryman vol. 33 no. 7 and 8, July,. August 1946.
Ninety-eight-

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