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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ended August 31,… 1945

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Report of the President:
Retirement of President L. S. Klinck.........,,,,. 1
Appointment of President N. A. M. MacKenzie,..,.,. 2
Teaching Staff., , ...,,.., 2
New Appointments ,., 2
Promotions ,., 3
Leaves of Absenoe  4
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence.... 4
Resignations ,. 4
Re-appointments following Attainment of
Retirement Age  5
Appointment of Professor Emeritus ,. 5
Appointment to Principalship of Victoria College., 5
Election of Representative on Senate of the
High School Principals and Assistants  5
Election of Representative of the British Columbia
Teachers' Federation on Senate.  5
Election of Representative of Senate on the
Board of Governor s  6
Resignation from the Board of Governors  6
Appointment to the Board of Governors  6
Obituaries , ♦  6
Canadian Army University Course No. 2   8
Report of the Registrar:
Registration.  9 CONTENTS - continued
Nationalities of Students ..,..,, 10
Geographical Distribution of Students  10
Occupations of Parents , », 10
Location of Graduates	
Comparative Statement of Registration,
Sessions 1934-35 to 1943-44  11
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred,
Sessions 1934-35 to 1943-44  11
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued,
Sessions 1934-35 to 1943-44   12
Honorary Degrees Conferred , 13
Scholarships, Prizes, Fellowships and Bursaries
Awarded to Graduates  14
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science,,... 15
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science  27
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture  31
Report of the Dean of v/omen  47
Report of the Librarian to the Library Committee of Senate 48
Report of the Director of the Summer Session ...,..,.♦ 49
Report of the Chairman of the Joint Faculty Committee on
Prizes, Scholarships and Bursaries  51
Report of the Direotor of University Extension •.., 54
Report of the Direotor of the University Health Service.
Report of the Assistant Direotor of Physioal Education..., 64
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education for Women.. 67
Report of the Officer Commanding University Naval Training
Division, University of British Columbia  71
Report of the Officer Commanding Canadian Officers'
Training Corps, University of British Columbia  74
Report of the Officer Commanding No. 6 Squadron,
University Air Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force...... 77
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia
I have the honour to submit the following report
on the work of the University for the aoademic year ended
August 31st, 1944.  The annual reports of the Deans of the
Faculties and of certain other administrative officers are
included herein, as is also a list of publications by
members of the staff.
As I did not enter upon my duties as President of
the University until the 1st of August, 1944, I shall not,
myself, attempt to enumerate or describe events and developments within the University during the academic year 1943
to 1944 - the period of this report.
I should like, however, to pay tribute to my
predecessor, Dr, Leonard S, Klinck, who retired as President
on the 30th of June, 1944.  The record and reputation of The
University of British Columbia is the best evidence of the
excellence of his work.  I am, personally, grateful to him
for his kindness to me and for his willingness to assist me
in every way possible.
I should like, too, to join with others in expressing
my regret at the death of the late Dr. R. E. McKechnie, who
served as Chancellor of the University for so many years. His
interest and his support have meant a great deal to The
University of British Columbia and we shall miss him greatly.
Retirement of President L. S. Klinok:
On June 30th, 1944, Dr. Leonard S. Klinck retired
after over twenty-five years of service and leadership as
President of The University of British Columbia.
In recognition of his term of service and his
distinguished contributions to the University the degree of
Doctor of Science, Honoris Causa was granted by the Senate and
conferred at the Spring Congregation on May 12th, 1944. 2.
By unanimous action of the Board of Governors the
title of President Emeritus was conferred on Dr. Klinck as
from the date of his retirement.
Appointment of President N. A. M. MacKenzie:
On the recommendation of the Special Committee Appointed
to Consider the Selection of a Successor to President L. S,
Klinck the Board of Governors at the meeting on January 31st,1944,
approved of the appointment of Norman Archibald MacRae MacKenzie,
M.M. and Bar, B.A,, LL.B.(Dalhousie), LL.M,(Harvard), LL.D.(Mount
Allison and New Brunswick), K.C., F.R.S.C, President of The
University of New Brunswick as President of The University of
British Columbia as from July 1st, 1944.
Teaching Staff:
The numbers of members on the teaching staff for the
academic year 1943-44, exclusive of those on leave of absence,
were as follows:
Deans of Faculties  3
Professors  42
Associate Professors  29
Assistant Professors  30
Lecturers  11
Assistant Director of Physical Education  1
Instructors  12
Honorary Lecturers  7
Part-time Lecturers.  24
Assistants  89
TOTAL  248
New Appointments:
Norman Archibald MacRae MacKenzie, M.M, and Bar, B.A., LL.B.,
(Dalhousie), LL.M.(Harvard), LL.D.(Mount Allison and New
Brunswick), K.C, F.R.S.C, President of The University of
British Columbia.
Miss Katherine Reebel, B.A.(Penn.College for Women), M.A.
(Pittsburgh), M.S.8.(Smith College), Associate Professor of
Social Work in the Department of Economics, Political Science
and Sociology.
David C. Murdoch, M.A.(Brit.Col,), Ph.D.(Toronto), Associate
Professor in the Department of Mathematics.
Vladimir J. Okulitch, M.A.Se.(Brit.Col,), Ph.D.(McGill),F.G.S.A.,
Assistant Professor in the Department of Geology and Geography.
Miss Charlotte S. Black, B.Sc.(H.Ec.), (Manitoba), A.M.(Columbia)
Assistant Professor in the Department of Home Economics. 3.
Miss Nina H. Morley, M.A,(Toronto), Assistant Professor in
the Department of Home Economics.
William Robbins, M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Toronto), Assistant
Professor in the Department of English.
Mrs. Gwendolen O'Brien, B.A.{London], Lecturer in the
Department of Geology and Geography.
J. H, L. Watson, B.A.(McMaster), M.A,, Ph.D.(Toronto),
Lecturer in the Department of Physics.
Kenneth 0. Wright, M0A,(Toronto), Ph.D.(Michigan), Lecturer
in the Department of Physics.
Miss Nora Effie Neilson, M.S.A.(Brit.Col.), Instructor in the
Department of Dairying.
Miss Pauline Capelle, R.N,, B.A,, B.A.Sc,(Brit,Col,), Instructor
in the Department of Nursing and Health.
Mr, Michael Stusiak, M.A.Se,(Brit,Col,), Instructor in the
Department of Chemistry.
Frank Dickson, B.A.(Queen's), Ph.D.(Cornell), from Associate
Professor to Professor in the Department of Biology and Botany.
Melville J, Marshall, M.Sc.(McGill), Ph.D.(Mass.Inst, of
Technology), F.R.S.C, from Associate Professor to Professor
in the Department of Chemistry.
George F, Drummond, M„A,(St,Andrew's), M.Sc.(Econ.)(London),
from Associate Professor to Professor in the Department of
Economics, Political Science and Sociology.
Allan Hi Finlay, M.C, B.A«,So. (Brit.Col.), C.E, (Illinois),
Assoc,M.Am,Soc,CE., from Associate Professor to Professor in
'the Department of Civil Engineering.
M. Dorothy Mawdsley, B.A.(McGill), M.A,(Brit.Col.), Ph.D,
(Chicago), from Dean of Women and Assistant Professor in the
Department of English to Dean of Women and Associate Professor
in the Department of English.
David C. B. Duff, M.A., Ph.D.(Toronto), from Assistant Professor
to Associate Professor in the Department of Bacteriology and
Preventive Medicine.
Stephen A, Jennings, M#A,, Ph.D.(Toronto), from Assistant
Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of
Jacob Biely, M.S-A0(Brit,Col.). M.S.(Kansas State College),
from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor in the Department of Poultry Husbandry.
Daniel W, Thomson, B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), M.A.Se.(Illinois), from
Instructor to Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering
in the Department of Mechanical"and'Electrical Engineering.
Geoffrey B. Riddehough, M,A#(Brit.Col.), M.A,(California),
from Instructor to Assistant Professor in the Department of
Classics. 4.
Leaves of Absence:
Dr. George M. Weir, Professor and Head of the Department of
Education, for the duration of the war.
Mr, Henry F. Angus, Professor and Head of the Department of
Economics, Political Science and Sociology, for a period of
one year as from September 1st, 1943.
Mr, John E, Liersoh, Professor and Head of the Department of
Forestry, for a period of one year as from January 23rd, 1944.
Dr, Hector J, MacLeod, Professor and Head of the Department of
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, half-time, for a
period of one year as from April 1st, 1943.
Mr. F. H. Soward, Professor of History, for a period of one year
as from September 1st, 1943.
Dr. Thomas G. Henderson, Associate Professor in the Department
of Philosophy and Psychology, for a period of one year as from
July 1st, 1943.
Dr. Arthur M. Crooker, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Physics, for a period of one year as from August 31st, 1943.
Dr. Kenneth C, Mann, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Physics, fOr a period of one year as from August 31st, 1943.
Dr. George M. Volkoff, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Physics, for the period from September 15th, 1943 to
September 1st, 1944.
Mr, Thomas G, Wright, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Forestry, for a period of one year as from October 1st, 1943.
Mr, Patrick C. F. Guthrie, Instructor in the Department of
Classics, for a period of one year as from May 15th, 1944.
Mr, Robert T. McKenzie, Assistant to the Director, Department
of University Extension, from May 1st 1944 to March 31st,
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence:
Mr. R, Keith Brown, B.A.(Brit.Col.), Lecturer in the Department
of Physics during the absence of Dr. G. M, Volkoff.
Alexander P. Maslow, A.M. (Michigan), Ph.D.(California), Associate
Professor in the Department'of Philosophy and Psychology during
the absence of Dr. Thomas G, Henderson.
Miss Margaret A. Ormsby, M.A,(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Bryn Mawr),
Lecturer in the Department of History during the absenoe of
Professor F. H, Soward.'
William Petrie, B.A,(Brit.Col.), A.M.,Ph.D.(Harvard), Lecturer
in the Department of Physics during the absence of Dr. Kenneth
C. Mann.
F. E. L. Priestley, M.A.(Alberta), Ph.D.(Toronto), Assistant
Professor in the Department of English.
Miss Margaret E. Kerr", R.N., B.A.Sc,(Brit.Col,). M.A, (Columbia),
Assistant Professor in the Department of Nursing and Health,
Miss Lois Campbell, M.S.A.(Brit,Col.), Instructor in the Department of Dairying. Jistiremsnt
Mr. J. M, Turnbull, B.A.Sc.(McGill), M.C.I.M., M.Inst,Met.,
Professor and Head of the Department of Mining and Metallurgy,
who reached the age of retirement on July 1st, 1944, was reappointed for a period of one year as from July 1st, 1944.
Mr. Abram Lighthall, B.Sc.(McGill), Associate Professor in the
Department of Civil Engineering, who readied the age of
retirement on April 1st, 1943, was again re-appointed for a
period of'one year as from May 31st, 1944.
Mr, Frank E. Buck, B.S.A.(McGill), Lecturer in the Department
of Horticulture, was again re-appointed for a period of one
year as from April 1st, 1944.
Appointment of Professor Emeritus:
The Board of Governors at the meeting on February 28th,
appointed Dr. E, H, Archlband Emeritus Professor of Chemistry.
Dr. Archibald came to the University in September, 1915, and,
after many years of faithful service, retired from his duties
as Professor of Chemistry in May, 1942.
\74   r.f :
At the meeting on May 29th, 1944, the Board of
Governors approved of the nomination of the Joint Committee,
representing the Department of Education, the Victoria School
Board and the Board of Governors, of John M. Ewing, B.A.(Queen's
D.Paed.(Toronto), of the Provincial Normal School, Vancouver,
as Principal of Victoria College to succeed the late Principal
P. H. Elliott.
Election of Representative on Senate of the High School
Principals and Assistants:
Mr, W. R. McDougall, Principal of the North Vancouver
High School, was elected as representative on Senate of the
High School Principals and Assistants succeeding Mr. Arnold A.
ul  in 3 .., I, %:; ^ u^i v d u
Miss Florence S. Mulloy was re-elected as Representative
of the British Columbia Teachers' Federation on Senate for a
further period of three years. Election of Representative of Senate on the Board of
On August 25th, 1944, Mr. A. E. Lord and Mr. H. T.
Logan were re-elected as representatives of Senate on the
Board of Governors for a period of three years.
Resignation from the Board of Governors:
On March 27th, 1944, the Board of Governors reoeived,
with regret, and transmitted to the Honourable the Minister of
Education, the resignation of Mr. P. R, Bengough because of
his appointment as President of the Trades and Labour Congress
of Canada at Ottawa.
Appointment to the Board of Governors:
Mr, R, H« Neelands of Vancouver was appointed by the
Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council as a member of the Board of
Governors from May 15th, 1944 to August 27th, 1947, to fill the
vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr, P. R. Bengough.
Chancellor R. E. McKechnie:
It will not be easy for the present members of this
University to think of its life as apart from the life and
person of Robert Edward McKechnie.  Since its beginning a
member of the governing bodies and for twenty-six years its
Chanoellor, he has also been its benevolent household spirit.
For thirty years, he endowed this place with his ripened and
praotical wisdom, his vast public influence, his hopefulness in
time of trouble, his quiet but unresting guardianship of the
University's Integrity. More valuable even than these has been
the gift of a personal affection which, it is not too much to
say, became a ruling motive of his life.
Judge F. W. Howay:
It is a mere platitude to say that His Honour Judge
Frederic William Howay was a leading oitizen of this Province.
For a generation he administered justice in its Courts; and
for a far longer time he devoted the whole energy of heart
and mind to its history and to the preservation of its best
traditions. The University is grateful for the memory of his
service and for his noble gift to the Library which, happily
will keep his name alive for all who love this land.
Mr, P. H, Elliott:
Percy Harris Elliott was one of the earliest members
of the University staff, and for many years he had been first, 7.
Assistant Professor and then Principal of Victoria College. The
value of his work and personal influence as head of that fine
institution cannot be measured in any form of words nor can it
be recorded on any monument that is adequate; but it has passed
into the lives of many men and women of whom this University
is justly proud.
Dr. V. L. Denton:
The members of The University of British Columbia record
their deep regret at the untimely passing of Dr. V, L, Denton.
They remember with respect and affection his cheerful personality,
his willing co-operation, and his general tolerance during the
many years when he served as a member of the Senate.  His keen
interest and unsparing efforts in all phases of education will
long be .remembered.
Dr. F. J. Nicholson:
It is with regret that we record the death on May 10th,
of Dr, F. J, Nicholson who was a very close friend of the University and at one time a member of the Senate.  His generous
benefactions have been of great assistance to a considerable
number of our best students.
Professor Leonard Richardson:
A serious loss was sustained by the University in the
sudden death, on October 23rd, 1943, of-Professor Leonard
Richardson, who had been a member of the faculty of Arts and
Science almost from its beginning.  In his many years of
faithful service he had endeared himself alike to faculty and
students.  He will be remembered by all who were associated
with him as an outstanding teacher and loyal colleague.
Many matters of interest and importance to the University have occurred during the year but, as all of these are dealt
with in the reports of the Faculties and Departments, it is not
necessary to give any details about them in this introduction. 8.
Most of the matters of Importance under this heading
are dealt with in other sections of the report.  The statement
on the Canadian Army University Course No, 2 is set out below:
Canadian Army University Course No, 2:
During the Session 1943-44 the University of British
Columbia, in co-operation with the Department of National Defence
conducted a special one-year course in the fundamentals of
Mathematics, Physics and Engineering.
The course was open to men between the ages of 17 and
22. The selection of students was made from the list of those
certified by the Registrar as having the necessary academic
qualifications. Those accepted were enlisted in the Army for
aotive service, and, after preliminary military training, were
housed at the Forestry Camp in the University Area.  Captain
J, A, Dunster commanded the Detachment.
Instruction was established at two levels, Junior and
Senior. Those who had oompleted Senior Matriculation or First
Year Arts were admitted to the Senior Level, and those who had
completed University Entrance were admitted to the Junior
Level. High standing in Mathematics and Physics was required in
both levels.
Dr. G. M, Shrum and Professor W. H. Gage were asked to
plan the curriculum, and to arrange and supervise the course.
Since the University had agreed to grant academic credit to those
who obtained satisfactory standing in the final examination it
was necessary to devise a curriculum whioh included the subjects
of value to the Army and fundamental to further work in Science
at the University.  It was also necessary to conduct the course
in classes separate from those offered to the regular students.
Instruction was given by members of the University
staff in the Departments of Chemistry, English, Mathematics,
Physics, Civil Engineering, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.
Registration at the beginning of the oourse, whioh
extended for 33 weeks, was 85,  with 33 in the Senior group and
52 in the Junior.  During the Session 10 Juniors and 10 Seniors
withdrew.  Of the 65 men who wrote the final examinations, 64
passed or passed with supplementals.
Respeotfully submitted,
Vanoouver, British Columbia,
Men  Women  Total
Faoulty of Arts and Scienoe ———
First Year  376   224, 600
First Year Home Economics  -    36  36 $36
Seoond Year  176   159 335
Second Year Commeroe  36   15  51
Second Year Home Economics  -    25  25 411
Third Year   133   113
Third Year Commerce ,. 28
Fourth Year  92
Fourth Year Commeroe  33
Graduates, , 67
Social Work ,  3
Teacher Training Course   4
Directed Reading Courses ,., 88)
Less Double Registrations (D.R.C.) - 26)
Faculty of Applied Science
Seoond Year   178
Third Year  126
Fourth Year  108
Fifth Year   93
Graduates ...,.,.,..
Faculty of Applied Science(Nursing)
Second Year.	
Third Year	
Fourth Year .......
Fifth Year ,
Sixth Year ,
Certificate Course
Faoulty of Agriculture
First Year  25
Second Year , ,.,,... 19
Third Year  14
Fourth Year  25
Graduates, .,.,....	
Summer Session 1944   222
Botany Evening Class 1943-44  9
Canadian Army University Course:
Senior Level 33
Junior Level 52
42 239
- 44 106
85 10.
Nationalities of Students (exclusive of students taking the
Teacher Training Course, Social Work,
Directed Reading Course, Public Health
Nursing, and Teaching and Supervision
British 1893; American 62; Chinese 49; Hebrew 44; Swedish 26;
Russian 20; Norwegian 18; Ukranian 14; Polish 13; Italian 12;
Dutch 11; Greek 11; others 202.        TOTAL       2375.
Geographical Distribution of Students:
From Vancouver and vicinity 1495
From Victoria  130
From New Westminster  152
From other Provincial points  683
From points in Canada outside British Columbia  99
From other Countries   7
Occupations of Parents
(exclusive of students taking the Teacher
Training Course, Social Work, Directed
Reading Course, Public Health Nursing,
and Teaching and Supervision (Nursing):
Accountant a; Army 36; Banker 12; Barrister 27; Bookkeeper 12;
Businessman 49; Carpenter 42; Civil Servant 53; Dentist 20;
Doctor 50; Eleotrician 21; Engineers: Civil 23,Electrical 12,
Locomotive 13; Farmer 73; Labourer 12; Lumberman 35; Machinist 15;
Mechanic 13; Minister 24; Rancher 16; Salesman 47; Shipper 13;
Teacher 44; others 1672. TOTAL       2375.
Location of Graduates:
Number in,-
Vancouver • 3064
Other parts of British Columbia  1720
Other parts of Canada  496
British Isles  ^49
United States of America   260
Other Countries  46
Number deceased  177
Number whose address is unknown  981
6793 Arts and Applied
Session Science Science Nursing
Teacher Total
Agricul- Training Winter  Summer  Short   Grand
ture   Course Session Session Courses Total
Year M.A.
1934 11
1935 14
1936 15
1937 21
1938 20
1939 19
1940 30
19a 21
1942 14
1943 13
1944 6
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1934-35 to 1943-44
B.A.Sc. Grand
B.A. B.Com.  B.Ed. M.A.Se.  B.A.Sc.  B.S.F. Nursing M.S.A. B.S.A. Total Total
4 12 307 3583
1 3 57 3640
2 19 332 3972
1 68 4040
5 16 295 4335
3 2 59 4394
7 14 314 4708
1 1 80 4788
3 19 346 5134
5 77 5211
4 22 370 5581
1 2 86 5667
3 18 388 6055
1 3 74 6129
2 19 354 6483
3 - 94 6577
2 26 364 69a
2 5 76 7017
3 25 350 7367
1 4 69 7436
1 24 338 7774 t! Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
to 1943-44
JL JL Ca Jk- XX. J. XXp^
Public Health
Course in
w 13
Honorary Degrees Conferred
D.Sc, (Honoris Causa)
Grand total(including
previous years)       43 Scholarships, Prizes, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
During the year many scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries have been won by graduates
of the University.  The following list does not include awards which have been made by the
Senate of the University of British Columbia.
Value Subject
Where Tenable
University of Toronto
(Harvard)to visit major
cities in Canada
Harvard University
Cellulose Research
University of Toronto
University of Toronto
Cellulose Research
University of Toronto
University of Chicago
University of California
Blissett, William Fellowship -  English
Clark,Robert M.  Sheldon Travelling Fellowship$1200 Taxation
«    ft
Cox,Lionel A.
Harvard University Fellowship$1000 Economics
National Research Council
Studentship $ 750
Fowle,C.David    Flavelle Fellowship
Grant,John Douglas Teaching Fellowship  approx:
Grassie,Vernon   National Research Council
McDiarmid,Muriel Fellowship
McGuire,Carson   Scholarship
Smith,Wilma Gene Teaching Scholarship
Thrupp,Sylvia    Guggenheim Travelling
Underhill,Anne B. Canadian Federation of
University Women
$750 Cellulose
I 500
} 600
$2300 Mediaeval Social
& Economic Philosophy (postponed to 1945-46)
850 Physics
University of Toronto
NOTE: In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free tuition or
exemption from fees (or travelling expenses) in addition to their monetary value.
Value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our graduates in other
Universities and in Institutes in 1944  $ 10,450.00
Total value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes since the first
awards were made in 1917   1747,809.00
Respectfully submitted,
Registrar. 15.
The work of the Faoulty of Arts and Science for the
aoademlo year 1943-44 can be presented best by summarizing the
reports of the Heads of the various departments,
Department of Baoteriology and Preventive Medicine.
There was a considerable Increase in the numbers of
students in all the oourses offered in this Department.
Researoh work was continued by all the members of the
Dr. C, E, Dolman continued his work In the staphylococcus
toxins, particularly in the food poisoning faotor. Certain very
important findings relating to the feasibility of immunizing human
beings against staphylococcal food poisoning were obtained. The
National Researoh Council of Canada made a grant of #1,500.00 to
aid in this research.  During the year Dr, Dolman continued
to serve as Consulting Bacteriologist to the Vancouver General
Hospital, Late in 1943 he was elected a Fellow of the Amerloan
Publia Health Association.
Dr. D. C. B. Duff, in addition to conducting his researches
on gas gangrene toxins, continued to serve as Consulting Pathologist
to the Fisheries Researoh Board of Canada.
Dr, L, E. Ranta, as in previous years, gave about half his
time to the Connaught Laboratories, His work was chiefly oonoerned
with perfecting a test for the antigenic potency of cholera vaccine.
The Western Division of Connaught Laboratories continued its
responsibility for releasing batches of cholera vaocine to be shipped
all over the world.  Dr. Ranta was elected a member of the Technical
Committee on Nutrition of the Metropolitan Health Committee of
Greater Vancouver.
Department of Biology and Botany.
A revision of the currioulum is proposed in which there
would be, in the main, five divisions: Humanities; Languages; and the
Biological, Social and Physical Sciences, The inter-relationship
of the Biological subjeets is disoussed and their importance shown
in related fieldB.
Department of Chemlstry.
tactically all of the investigations carried on in the
Department of Chemistry sinoe the outbreak of the war have been on
problems for the Armed Services. Most of these problems have
originated in England and have been assigned to the various researoh
laboratories in Canada by the National Research Council of Canada. 16.
The majority of the investigations were on new explosives,
some twenty of which were prepared in our laboratories. Two of these
explosives, the Department was Informed, were improvements over
glycerol nitrate as propellants. Unfortunately there was not
sufficient raw material for their production on a military scale.
The results of these investigations, according to previous agreement,
may not be published but are the property of the British and Canadian
Several other investigations were on war gases.  The
preparation of organio fluorine toxic compounds, the counterpart of
the well known chlorine and bromine war gases used in the previous
war received considerable attention.
The deteotion of Mustard Gas, by methods previously
developed by Dr. M, J, Marshall,was investigated at the request of
the Department of Chemioal Warfare. Another investigation was on the
improvement of signal flares used by the Royal Air Force and the
Royal Canadian Air Force.
Dr. Marshall received a special invitation to present a
paper before the Electrochemical Society in New York. He was unable
to attend but prepared a paper based on work carried out by Howard
0. McMahon and himself, entitled, "The Molecular Complexity of Some
Gases in the High Frequency Discharge".  The paner was read by
Dr, McMahon,
During the year Dr. W. F, Seyer and his students built a
small Fiseher-Tropsch unit for liquid fuel production from coal
products, by the use of water gas.
Dr. W. Ure made a study of the crystallization of
"Picrite", with the object of producing it in a granular form which
would have more satisfactory characteristics when compounding the
flashless propellant, than has the former needle-like form, The
optimum conditions for the production of the granular form were
submitted to the National Research Council.
Dr. Ure investigated the various factors which control the
reaotion between water vapour and oertain smoke producing reagents,
using a photo-electrio turbidimeter as a means of estimating the
effectiveness of smoke cover. This work is still in progress.
Dr. J. Allen Harris continued his work on the quantitative
determination of tin using organic reagents. He also worked on new
methods for the separation of gold and platinum.
Dr, G, Hooley continued his work on the production of foam
glass from powdered glass or from slag, which would be suitable as a
heat and sound insulator. The work is still in progress.
In September 1944 the chairman of the National Research
Committee on Explosives granted the Department permission to discontinue the work on explosives and, at the same time, expressed the
sincere appreciation of the Committee of the work that was
accomplished, 17.
The work of the Department with no increase in accommodation,
has grown to such proportions that a serious situation has arisen.
Any number of laboratory sections of eighty, the maximum normal
capacity, can be made mathematically, but the lack of laboratory
assistants and locker accommodation, as well as time-table
restrictions, place a very definite limit upon the number of sections.
Furthermore, the chemistry lecture rooms themselves can no longer
accommodate the classes.
Department of Classics.
In view of the fact that Mr, Patrick Guthrie was on leave
of absence with the Armed forces the work of the Department normally
distributed among four instructors was carried by three.
Department of Commerce.
The increasing number of women in Commeroe, three in
1939-40, twenty-seven in 1944-45, indioates, in the opinion of the
Head of the Department the necessity for courses "designed to meet
the peculiar needs of the women".
The Commeroe Club graduation banquet was a decided success
The speaker was Honourable E. C, Carson, Minister of Trade and
Industry for British Columbia. About 260 were present, many being
business men having a keen interest in the University.
During the year field visits were made to some nineteen
firms in connection with the classes in Industrial Management and
Marketing. The following visitors lectured to the classes:
Mr. CF.T.Hooper, Canadian Manufacturers' Association.
Mr, F. Jou Jon Roohe, Amerioan Can Co,,Ltd.
Mr. A,CKennedy, H.R.MaoMillan Export Co,
Mr, Oscar Pearson, Swift Canadian Limited.
Mr, H.H.Preston, University of Washington, Seattle.
Our thanks are here recorded for the help these leading
men in the industrial world gave to our students.
Department of Economics. Political Science and Sociology
The Head of the Department continued on leave of absenoe
for work with the Department of External Affairs at Ottawa.  No
oourses in Government were offered during the year.
Professor G. F, Drummond, at the request of the Wartime
Information Board, prepared a booklet on British Columbia and its
Peoples. He also prepared research studies, at the request of the
Commission of Inquiry on Forest Resources of British Columbia, on
(1) Creation of a Permanent Commission of Forest Industries,
(2) Taxation of Forest Resources, and (3) Foreign Exchange and the
Export of Forest Products. Professor Drummond gave a course of leotures under the
Department of Extension on Canadian Post-War Problems. He also
participated in the CBC programme "Of Things to Come".
Dr. C. W, Topping, under a grant from the Canadian Social
Science Research Council, conducted a study of the Canadian family.
The study is still in progress. He was elected First Vice-President
of the Pacific Northwest Division of the National Conference on
Family Relations at the meetings in Spokane. He served also as
President of the British Columbia Regional Committee of the
National Conference on Family Relations.
Dr. J. A. Crumb acted as a speoial member of the Vancouver
Board of Trade Committee on Post-War Reconstruction. He gave
numerous outside leotures and participated with local civio and
political leaders in seminars on current economic and political
Social Work is listed under the Department of Economics,
Political Science and Sociology, Proposals are under consideration
to give further development in this field and to oreate a separate
department.  Despite the faot that other schools of Social Work
have shown definite decreases in enrolment, the University of
British Columbia stood out as the one Canadian institution with
increasing enrolment in a field extremely short of workers.
Due to the demand from the field for more training
opportunities for social group work, a co-operative arrangement was
made with Vancouver Council of Social Agencies to offer a two-week
institute conducted by Miss Marjorie J. Smith in the summer of
1944. This was a successful venture attended by thirty-five agency
staff members and prospective workers. In June.Miss Smith gave a
five-day institute for a group of Agenoy Supervisors in Victoria.
She also conducted a three-day Institute on Casework with Children
at the Canadian Conference of Social Work in Winnipeg in May.
Department of Education.
Except for minor adjustments in methods courses, the only
change in the Teacher Training Course was the addition of a course
in Dramatios (one hour weekly). Graduate courses are given on
Saturday mornings to a class of teachers from the schools of the
Lower Mainland. There is a. steady demand for these courses.
Dr. M. A, Cameron prepared, upon Invitation, a study of
property taxation and school finance in Canada for the Canada and
Newfoundland Education Association meeting in Toronto, October,1944.
Dr. F. T» Tyler engaged in a study of the Terman-McNemar
Test of Mental Ability. As chairman of a special committee of the
Provincial Committee of Canadian Youth he prepared and arranged the
administration of a significant questionnaire on youth problems.
During the summer of 1944 he was Visiting Professor at the University
of Saskatchewan. At the end of the year he was granted leave of
absenoe to assume, as Lieutenant Commander, the post of Assistant
Direotor of Personnel Selection In the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer
Reserve. His loss will be keenly felt. Department of English. ^.
The yearly complaint, recorded for nearly two decades, of
seotions too large, of class-rooms too small and of burdens too
great, is again registered, and with much justification.
During the year Dr. G, G, Sedgewiok and Professor F.G.C,
Wood continued their weekly broadcasts over CBC, much to the delight
of the many graduates of the University of British Columbia and of
many others who listen in.
Assistant Professor F. E. L. Priestley resigned at the
end of June to accept a position at the University of Toronto, His
place has been filled by Dr. William Robbins, one of our own
distinguished graduates.
Department of Geology and Geography
The four permanent members of the staff were fully ocoupied
with field investigations and research work.
During the college term Dr. M. Y. Williams spent what time
was available in studying the fossils and rook material collected
on the Alaska Road during the summer of 1943 while working under
the Geological Survey of Canada. In the summer of 1944, he was
engaged in explorations along the Alaska Road for the Phillips
Petroleum Company,
Dr. C, 0. Swanson and Dr, H. C Gunning continued their
field work for the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company during
the summers of 1943 and 1944.
Dr. H. V. Warren directed graduate research in metallography
and spectrosoopio analysis of minerals, fie made preliminary
investigations on the boron content of quartz and on the search for
beryllium. His summers were spent on scientific prospecting on a
commercial scale.
The Department again stresses the need for additional
laboratory spaoe and for more equipment particularly for the reorganized course in Geography 1, inasmuch as this oourse was
elevated to the rank of an optional Science oourse in the First and
Second Years.
Department of History.
Dr. W, N, Sage was elected President of the Canadian
Historical Association at the annual meeting in June,1944. He was
also appointed a member of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of
Canada to represent British Columbia, thereby undertaking a portion
of the field formerly entrusted to His Honour the late Judge F.W.
Howay. In March,1944, Dr. Sage undertook, upon request, a speaking
tour in California, Oregon and Washington, choosing the general
topio of Canada's War Effort. 20.
Professor F. H. Soward continued on leave with the
Department of External Affairs at Ottawa.
Professor A. C, Cooke gave three Directed Reading Courses
in History for the Canadian Legion and regular students, also a
course in Social Studies, Education 16.
Dr. Sylvia L, Thrupp was granted leave of absence for
1944-45 to aocept a Guggenheim Fellowship. Her leave was later
extended to two years, the first year to leoture at the University
of Toronto and the second to acoept the Fellowship.
The Department anticipates expansion at the close of the
war, particularly in the History and Culture of'Russia, the Far East
and Latin America.
Department of Home Economics.
A start was made with the newly-established oourse in
Home Economics. Courses were offered in the First and Seoond Tears
with classes of thirty-six and twenty-four respectively. As no
laboratory space was available at the University, arrangements were
made with the Vancouver School Board to make use of the facilities
at the King Edward High School after school hours and on Saturdays.
Department of Mathematics,
The Department of Mathematios suffered a severe loss in
the sudden death of Professor Leonard Richardson in October,1943.
At the opening of the session extra work was undertaken by the
Department in connection with the Army Courses, both Junior and
Senior, In which Professor Richardson gladly undertook to bear his
share, After his death, his colleagues willingly undertook to
carry on his ooursesand the Army Courses as well.
During the period May to September 1944, Br, F, 3, Nowlan
taught at the University of Notre Dame.
Again during the year under review, Professor W.H.Gage,
at my request, handled the details of the administrative matters
of the Department.
The teaohing schedules were heavy for those having First
Year Arts and Science and Applied Science sections. Because of
insufficient staff and class-rooms the sections in all classes were
too large.
Department of Modern Languages.
Spanish was re-introduced after a lapse of over twenty
years. An auspicious start was made with ninety-five beginners
The staffing problem in German was even more acute than in
previous years owing to the extreme difficulty in securing competent
instructors upon short notice after the opening of the session. 81.
Arrangements should be made on a permanent basis to provide for
the large classes in Beginners' German and in German 1,
Three students in Third Year French attended the Summer
School at Trois Pistoles, Quebeo, held under the auspices of the
University of Western Ontario, Out of an enrolment of 170 students
from various parts of Canada and the United States, four tied for
the highest place, three of whom were from the University of
British Columbia. These three students, of whom we are Justly
proud, have returned to the oampus with a lively interest in
French Canada.
Dr. D. 0. Evans was Invited by the CBC to serve on a
national committee of five on the use of the French language in
broadcasting for educational and cultural purposes and as a means
to better understanding between English- and French-speaking
Department of Philosophy and Psychology.
Two new oourses were offered during the year, vis.,
Psychology 6, Statistics and Psychology 10, Mental Measurements and
Psychological Tests.
Professor J, A, Irving was elected Vice-President of the
American Philosophical Association in January, 1944. In November,
1943, he was elected a member of the Commission set up by the
American Philosophical Society to study the function of Philosophy
in liberal education with particular reference to the needs and
problems of the post-war period. He is also President of the
Paoific Conference on the Teaching of Philosophy.
Department of Physios.
Three members of the teaching staff continued on leave
of absenoe for the year. They were: Dr, A. M, Crooker, with
Research Enterprises Ltd., Toronto; Dr. K. C. Mann, Radio Seotion
of the National Research Council of Canada; Dr. G, M, Volkoff,
on a seoret war project in the Montreal Laboratories of the
National Hesearch Council.
In addition to the regular undergraduate work, several
advanced courses were offered for graduate students in Physios and
related subjeots.
From April 1, 1944, Dr. G, M. Shrum served as Aoting
Direotor of the newly formed British Columbia Industrial and
Scientific Researoh Council,  During the past year he served as
a member of the British Columbia War Metals Research Board and also
as a member of the National Researoh Council.
During the period May-September, 1944. Dr. H, D. Smith flare
instruction in the United States Navy V-12 Training Programme at
the University of Notre Dame and in addition worked in the synthetic
rubber proJeot there. This work Is being continued here in
collaboration with the Notre Dame group. 22,
Dr. William Petrie continued his work on Astrophysics and
during the summer of 1944 obtained three hundred stellar spectra with
the 72-»inoh telescope at the Dominion Astrophyslcal Observatory
at Vietoria,
Dr. K. 0, Wright, on loan from the Dominion Astrophyslcal
Observatory for the year; completed an astrophysloal investigation
begun at the Observatory.
Dr, J. H. L. Watson continued his investigations on
Eleat*on Microscopy begun at the University of Toronto.
Department of Zoology.
Over-crowding in laboratories, shortage of microscopes
and diffieulty in obtaining olass assistants were reported by the
Dr. W. A. Clemens served as a member of the Fisheries
Researoh Board of Canada and was appointed Chairman of the Western
Section of the Board's Rehabilitation Committee. An Intensive
progranme for both marine and freshwater fisheries investigations
was prepared for British Columbia. During the year Dr. Clemens
carried on studies chiefly of marine fishes and bivalves of the
B.C.coast. He also made an analysis of the annual collection of
soekeye salmon scales and data for the Provincial Fisheries Department and studied the otoliths of halibut for age determination
for the International Fisheries Commission.
Mr. G. J. Spencer continued to be, as in previous years,
the authority on pest control for Greater Vancouver. His free
servioe to the afflicted citizens beoomes more widely known eaoh
year as fellow-sufferers discuss their plights and deliveranoes.
He also continued his collections, begun when he joined the staff
over twenty years ago. These collections are of three types:
(1) A systemetio collection of all Orders, pinned with exaot
locality labels, together with vials of all Immature forms in
(2) A similar collection of pinned and aloohollc specimens,
of economio Importance;
(3) A teaching collection of pinned and labelled adults and
Immature forms in aloohol, and an alcoholic collection solely for
teaching moiqahology.
Dr. Ian MoTaggart Cowan prepared reports on field
investigations undertaken over a period of several years for the
National Parks Bureau.  These reports deal with game conditions In
Banff, Jasper and Kootenay National Parks and with the mammals of
Kootenay, Meunt Revelstoke and Banff National Parks, At the
request of the New Mexico office of the United States Fish and
Wildlife Service he prepared for study specimens of mule deer from
New Mexieo with the object of establishing the identity and relationship of a population of deer thought to represent an undesorlbed raoe. Dr. Cowan's curatorial duties in connection with the
vertebrate collection housed in the Department's museum occupied
considerable time.  A collection of 204 mammals, 60 birds and
14 reptiles and amphibians was added and the skulls and skeletons
of 53 large game animals were prepared.
Directed Reading Courses,
To assist the Canadian Legion in providing material
for instruction for the men and women in the armed services and
for Canadian prisoners of war, some twenty-eight courses were
made available.  These oourses were also made available as the
usual Directed Reading Courses.  Extensive outlines were prepared
for certain oourses particularly, Economics 4, Money and Banking,
by Dr, J. A. Crumb; Economics 6, International Trade, by Professor
G. F, Drummond; Psychology 7, Applied Psychology, by Dr. J. E.
Morsh; and English 2, Literature, by Professor T, Larsen.  The
three oourses, Economics 4, 6 and Psychology 7, were used
extensively for prisoners of war and the standings were determined
by the University of London, English 2 had the largest registration
among the candidates who completed their work at the University
of British Columbia.  Forty-two began the work and twenty-five
wrote the final examinations.  There were no failures and forty-
four peroent. were in Class I.
On the whole the experiment to offer a large number of
Directed Reading Courses was not a uniform success.
No8 2 Canadian Army Course.
Along with other Universities in Canada, the University of
British Columbia offered instruction in the No. 2 Canadian Army
Course to men enlisted for active service with the Army. Full
academic credit for one year at University was given for satisfactory
completion of the course, whioh consisted mainly of Physics,
Chemistry, Mathematics, English and certain basic engineering
subjects such as surveying, mechanical drawing, engines, and
engineering problems.  Instruction was given by regular members of
the staff. The course was direoted and supervised by Dr. G. M.
Shrum and Professor Walter H. Gage.
Special Researches.
Reports on the speoial researches under the supervision,
more or less nominal, of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science
are listed below.  These reports oover the fiscal and not the
academic year 1943-44, inasmuch as the reports are submitted at the
end of the fiscal year when grants for new or continued investigations
are determined.
Department of Baoteriology and Preventive Medicine.
Purification of Staphylococcus Food-Poisoning Toxin
D3% Ct Ej Dolman
Miss C. L. Askanasy.
The question of whether or not food-ppisoning substance can 24.
function as an antigen was investigated in human beings.  It was
possible to demonstrate that aotive immunity to food-poisoning
substance had been acquired.  Experiments require to be repeated
on a larger scale since they not only promise to end a controversy
respecting the antigenic properties of the enterotoxin but also
furnish hope that Immunization against the form of food-poisoning
investigated may be practicable.
Gas Gangrene Toxins    Dr. D.C.B.Duff, Mr. Charles Clarldge.
The general nutritional requirements of one of the chief
gas gangrene bacilli - Clostridium welchii - were investigated. A
reproducible, semi-synthetic medium was devised which supplied the
gross nutritional requirements of the organism, but which failed to
support growth due to its deficiency of "vitamins" or accessory
growth substances.
Analysis by fractionation of yeast extract for its content
of vitamins was carried out involving adsorption upon fullers'
earth, charcoal, etc. It was shown that Clostridium welchii as
is the case with certain other Clostridia, requires a complex of
accessory substances for normal growth. There were indications
that pyridoxine (Vitamin B£ ) is probably a stimulating, though
not a necessary faotor, and that thiamin (Vitamin Bi), riboflavin
and inositol are of negligible value in the general nutrition of
the bacillus.
Department of Biology and Botany.
Genetics of Economic Plants   Dr. A. H. Hutchinson
Researches were conducted on Phases of Abnormal Seed Development in Medloago (Alfalfa) Hybrids and the Genetics of Cone-Bearing
Faotors Affecting the Basal Metabolic Rate
Dr. J. A. Allardyce
Mr. Ewald Goranson
Mr. Edward Singer
Investigation was undertaken to ascertain the effect of
thiamin,riboflavin and pyridoxine, simply and together, on the basal
metabolic rate (B.M.R.) of albino rats after induced hyperthyroidism.
Data were obtained showing how the B.M.R, varied with length of
fasting periods, temperature, time of day, age and sex of rats. Each
of the three vitamins in question exerts some lowering effect on the
B.M.R, and a corrective action on weight loss.  Riboflavin appears
to be the most effective in these capacities while the antithyrogenio
effects of the three vitamins are not additive.   The dietary
significance of these results promises important preventive as well
as curative measures. 25.
Department of Chemistry
B.C.Coal and Shale       Dr. W. F. Seyer.
Investigations have shown that British Columbia has a
great deal of coal that has a high volatile content and would thus
make desirable souroes of synthetic gasoline and other oils.
Sttperactive Charcoal     Dr.M, J. Marshall,
A new special rapid method for obtaining isotherms on
activated oharcoal was investigated.
Surface Reactions of Minerals in Flotation   Dr, W. Ure,
Work on this project was in abeyance on account of more
urgent war problems.
Reduotlon of Native Ores  Dr, J, Allen Harris.
The new methods for the quantitative determination of tin
developed and reported in 1942-43 were cheoked for accuraoy and
applied to the determination of tin in ores.
A study of the quantitative determination of tungsten wae
The use of benzidine and other organic reagents as possible
means of separating gold and platinum quantitatively was studied,
and enoouraging results were obtained.
Glass Wool and Related Products    Dr. J, Gilbert Hooley.
Materials for furnaces operating at 1200°C and for ball
milling equipment were purchased but arrived too late to make more
than a beginning with the investigation.
Department of Geology and Geography.
Strategic Metals Dr. H. V. Warren.
It has been shown that valuable metals hard to find and
to reoognize by direct research have around them an aura whioh can
be reoognized by detailed spectroscopic analyses.  The full import
of this discovery can not yet be determined but it can be definitely
stated that a new tool has been found to assist in the search for
ore deposits.
Department of Physics
Application of Raman Effect to Problems in Oil Industry- '
-**  Dr. fi. D, Smith
A new phase of the work undertaken during the    was
a study of the magneto-pptlcal rotation of various
derivatives in the liquid state.  In particular, an
was made of cis decahydronaphthalene of high purity in the
state. Indications were found showing a change in moleoular 26.
structure at 50°C which would explain the sudden transitions found
by Dr, W. F. Seyer in the surface tension, viscosity and speoiflc
heat curves at that temperature.
Department of Zoology.
Relation of Vitamins to the Nutrition of Trout  Dr. W. A. Clemens
Clams and other Bivalves      Dr, W. A, Clemens.
Work on these researches was continued and the results
were recorded.
Parasites and Diseases of Columbia Black-tailed Deer
"       : Dr. I. McTaggart Cowan,
With the co-operation of the Provincial Game Commission,
Investigation into the cause of the periodic epidemics affecting
deer upon many of the Gulf Islands was carried forward, particular
study being given to Gambier and Hardy Islands. From the Investigations it is apparent that a more widespread evaluation of the
incidence of certain types of intestinal parasites could be obtained
if suitable techniques could be perfected for the quantitative
determination of parasite eggs and larvae in deer feces.
The sudden death of Professor Leonard Richardson on
October 23, 1943, proved a great loss to the University. He had
been a member of the Department of Mathematics of McGill University
College of Vancouver and continued on the staff when the University
was formed. He was an outstanding mathematician and teacher. His
keen knowledge of applied mathematics and his apt methods of
demonstration made him a valuable member of the Department,
particularly for work with Applied Science. He was greatly beloved
by all his olasses and likewise by all his colleagues. I wish to
pay a personal tribute to his memory for in the twenty-three years of
bur association together, I always found him cordial and kindly.
This report should not be concluded without at least a
passing reference to the crowded condition in many classes and in
most laboratories. Suffice it to say that at the time of writing
(October, 1944) there seems to be a brighter hope of a more
expansive future.
As in previous years I wish to thank all the members of
the Faoulty and staff for their cordial co-operation.
Respectfully submitted,
Faoulty of Arts and Science. 27.
The increase in registration in the Faculty of
Applied Science during the past few years has created acute
congestion in class rooms, laboratories, drafting rooms and
mechanical shops.  As in all post-war periods during the
last century, the increase in the number of students of
applied science will be accelerated in the years following
the cessation of hostilities.  There is at the close of
every modern war an increased realization on the part of the
citizenship of the important military services rendered by
engineers and an increased tendency on the part of parents
to enoourage their sons to enter applied science classes.
Thus apart from the large number of demobilized soldiers who
will return to complete their training, there is reason to
anticipate increases in the size of all applied science
classes in the oourse of the next deoade.
It is apparent to all who have seen the existing
buildings that the increased demand for instruction can not
be met without additional space and more instructors. A
statement of our specific requirements was presented to the
Board of Governors during the session.  Because of war
demands, it is increasingly difficult to obtain new equipment.
This is especially true of electrical instruments. For
example, a motor generator set ordered over a year ago has not
been delivered to date.  There is hope that it will arrive in
the near future.  It will help to keep pace with the Increased
size of classes in the Departments of Mechanical and Electrical
There is a marked increase also in the size of classes
In the Department of Civil Engineering. The fifth year drafting
room was enlarged by removing a partition and equipping an
adjacent lecture room with drafting tables. As it was impossible
to procure the services of full time assistants, several fifth
year students were employed for correcting problems and reading
reports.  An increased instructional burden was consequently
placed on the regular staff members.  In addition, they carried
a-heavy share of the instruction provided for the Army course.
The field course in surveying during the month of May was taken
in two successive periods in order to permit a certain portion of
the class to attend military camp.
Some important changes were made in the courses in
the Department of Mining and Metallurgy. A new course, Metallurgy 9,
was added to the fifth year curriculum. This is a laboratory course
in Physical Metallurgy following Metallurgy lc given in the fourth
year. A one-hour lecture period was taken from Mining 1 in the
fourth year and added to Mining 3 in the fifth year. Mathematics 8
and Metallurgy 9, constituting a Physical Metallurgy option, were
added to the fifth year in Metallurgical Engineering; Geology 9 and 28.
Mining 3 being the alternative subjects forming a Chemical
Metallurgy option. Metallurgy 1 is now divided into three
sections, one of which, Metallurgy lc (Physical Metallurgy),
is available to students in both Metallurgical Engineering and
Mechanical Engineering.  These and other changes in the
curriculum in the Department of Metallurgical Engineering
indicate an increased emphasis on Manufacturer's Metallurgy
as compared with Miner's and Smelter's Metallurgy, co-existent
with the growth of the manufacturing industry in British
Professor John E, Liersch, Head of the Department of
Forestry, continued on leave with Aero Timber Products Limited.
Assistant Professor Thomas G. Wright of the same Department
enlisted in the United States Army and was given leave of absence
as from October 1st, 1943- Mr, J. L, Alexander of the staff of
the British Columbia Forest Servioe conducted the course in
Timber Cruising In a satisfactory manner.
The graduating class in Forestry spent three days at
the Forest Reserve at Pitt Lake immediately after the April
examinations.  A compass and hand level survey of the tote
road route across Blaney Creek was completed and the data
plotted.  A reconnaissance survey was made of the "Point" on
Loon Lake for the purpose of selecting a headquarters camp.
One new sample plot was established in the Forest Reserve for
the purpose of studying growth rates in that area. A set of air
photographs of the area was obtained from the Photographic
Centre, Ottawa.  Also a map mosaio was constructed whioh will
be valuable for studying timber types and topographical features.
It is mounted in a frame behind glass and can be taken into the
field for orientation and study purposes. A topographical map
of a portion of the area was donated by James D. Lacey & Company,
Seattle, Washington.
During the spring and summer of 1944 a good start was
made in developing this Forest Reserve. An appropriation of
$2,000.00 was made by the Board of Governors for such development
covering a three year period. Several hundred dollars have
already been spent for labour In bucking windfalls and brushing
out skid roads and old railroad grades. A cut-off trail in the
vioinity of Blaney Lake was commenced. The opening up of trails
will make the Reserve more accessible to University classes and
also to the public for fishing and reoreation.
Studies in thinning, pruning and planting were continued
in parts of the University Forest as part of field and laboratory
instruction.  Block 44, comprising 2.65 aores, was selectively
logged and replanted with about 2100 Douglas fir trees from the
Department's Nursery.  Nursery stook is inadequate notwithstanding
a gift of stock from Green Timbers Forest Experiment Station,
Great difficulty was experienced in obtaining seasonal labour for
work in the University Forest.  Consequently the volume and value
of production for the current year are below normal, the net proceeds from the sale of oord wood and fenoe posts' for the
fiscal year ending March 31, 1944, being about $800.00,
Members of the Forestry instructional staff presented
briefs to the Royal Commission on Forestry, which is making an
exhaustive inquiry into the forestry resources of British
Columbia. They assisted also in the preparation of a brief
submitted to the Royal Commission by the Policy Committee of the
Canadian Society of Forest Engineers.
Throughout the year numerous conferences were held
between the members of the teaching staff of the Department of
Nursing and Health and the agencies providing field work
facilities, particularly the staffs of the Metropolitan Health
Committee and the Provincial Board of Health. Very satisfactory
field work was thus provided for all students taking the Public
Health Nursing course.  It is particularly regrettable that the
temporary reduction in staff facing the Department during the
coming year will entail a very much lessened degree of supervision
of this type.
Facilities for observation and for participation in
teaching and supervisory activities in schools of nursing were
provided by the Vancouver General Hospital and to some extent
by St. Paul's Hospital.  The co-operation received from
St. Paul's Hospital, which is not affiliated with the University,
in permitting our students to attend their classes for periods of
observation and practice teaching, is greatly appreciated.
Transfer of Miss Henderson's main interests from
supervision of our students at the Vancouver General Hospital
to field work supervision inevitably reduced the opportunities
for oontaot with undergraduate nurses in the hospital. As far
as time permitted, however, Miss Mallory has endeavoured to
keep in touch with our students by means of personal interviews
with the students and through conferences with Miss Palliser,
Director of Nursing, and senior members of her staff, who proved
at all times most co-operative.
At the beginning of the academic year Miss Mallory
assumed full-time duties at the University as Associate Professor
in the Department of Nursing and Health. It was anticipated
that the Department might consequently look forward to a period
of steady progress with fewer of the improvisations necessitated
by staff changes in the preceding years. Unfortunately,
circumstances arose during the yoar which make the short-term
outlook less uneventfully progressive than had been hoped.
Miss Margaret Kerr, who had been with the Department
for fifteen years, formerly as Instructor and latterly as
Assistant Professor, resigned as from April 30, 1944, in order
to take up an appointment as Editor and Business Manager of
"The Canadian Nurse". Miss Kerr's energetic personality and
splendid teaohing gifts will be greatly missed. 30.
A further serious loss was impending at the close
of the academic year owing to Miss Henderson's acceptance of
an appointment as a Supervisor in Public Health Nursing under
the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
In her capacity of Field Work Supervisor, Miss Henderson
rendered outstanding service and the best wishes of her former
associates follow her into her new field of endeavour.
Miss Kerr was replaced by Miss Pauline Capelle,
R.N., B.A., B.A.Sc., formerly Acting Supervisor of Education
and Supervisor of Nursing at the Division of Venereal Disease
Control of the Provincial Board of Health, and every confidence
is felt in her ability to play an important part in helping
the Department over a period of serious shortages in staff.
Professor J. M. Turnbull, Head of the Department
of Mining and Metallurgy since its inception, reached the age
of retirement in July, 1944. He was appointed in 1915 and with
characteristic energy undertook the task of organizing his
Department. His success can be measured best by the excellent
records that his graduates have attained in the practice of
their profession.  The cordial relations that have existed
between his Department and the mining profession throughout the
Province is a testimony to his ability and taot.  It is a
pleasure to announce that he has consented to continue at his
post for the session 1944-45.
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Applied Science. 31
The report which follows is compiled almost entirely
from the extended departmental reports submitted to me by the
Heads of Departments.
The main problem of the Faculty of Agriculture is one
which is common to the whole University, that is, the overcrowding
of lecture rooms in general and of laboratories in particular.
All laboratories are accommodating at least double the number of
students for whioh they v/ere planned, and it is expected that
numbers will increase still further, with the consequent confusion
that results from congestion.  In last year's report reference
was made to the need for additional departmental buildings. These
would be relatively small in area but are essential to the normal
functioning of the Faculty.  I refer in particular to the
possible completion of the storage section of the Dairy Barn,
the need for a Service Building in Poultry Husbandry, the
completion of the Service Room on the North end of the Greenhouse,
adequate facilities for Dairy Husbandry, and, if short oourses
are to be offered and visiting associations accommodated, the
positive necessity for an Agricultural Pavilion.
Department of Agricultural Economics.
The Department of Agricultural Economics continued its
general teaching work.  Due to enlistments there have been no
students of post graduate grade for the past two years.
A gift of $2,000,00 from Safeway Stores Limited made
possible the continuation of the Poultry Farm Survey.  This is
an eoonomic study of the poultry industry.  About one hundred
poultrymen are co-operating.  During the year a preliminary
report was published, entitled "A Summary of Production and
Returns of Thirty Poultry Farms in the Lower Mainland of the
Fraser Valley 1943-44". This has been very favorably reoeived.
The study "Eoonomic Evolution in the Okanagan Valley"
was continued for a short time during the summer.
Arrangements were completed during the spring with
Dr. J. F. Booth, Associate Direotor of Marketing, Agricultural
Economics, Dominion Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, for an
economic farm survey in the Prince George area of central British
Columbia.  The purpose of this survey is to obtain some specifio
information with regard to farms, sizes of farms, farm inoomes,
and farm organization as a guide to prospective settlers in the
new settlement areas.  The Dominion Department is paying the
salaries and expenses of four fieldmen who are interviewing faimers
and oollecting data.  The fieldmen have obtained records on one
hundred and sixty-five farms.  It is expected that data will be
oompiled in the Department of Agricultural Economics this winter.
Office accommodation and teohnioal assistance are being provided. 32
The technical paper on "Price Floors" submitted to the B.C.
Federation of Agriculture in January was favorably received and
distributed by tho Federation as a part of their educational programme
to all Governments, Provincial and Dominion, all members of Legislatures
and the House of Coirmions, and to most influential bodies throughout
Department of Agronomy.
The teaching work of the Department of Agronomy continued
as usual
Alfalfa Investigations
During the year a special vote of $3,000.00 was set aside
for the alfalfa projeot fron a gift of money to the University. The
Board of Governors approved the general plan of operation for seed
production in order to make seed available to farmers at an early
date.  Seed was harvested this year fron tho plots on the University
farm, but, due to insects and adverse weather conditions, was lost on
the farms of Mr. Lawrence Guichon, Ouilohona, B.C., and the Fairbridge
Farn School, Duncan, B.C.  The researoh v/as continued on the detailed
investigations at the University. A very close study was made of
the Fa parents seleoted three years ago and submitted to progeny
tests. The progenies, both vegetative and seed, were studied in
comparison with the parent type.  Several valuable lines were found
in this material - lines which could be used for immediate multiplication.  Also, it was possible to establish about sixty strains
suitable for further testing.
The following Elite and Foundation stock seeds were produced by the University in agreement with the Provincial Department
of Agriculture:
Spring Grains
Victory Oats 3,786
Red Bobs Wheat 535
Eagle Oats 1,314
Prolific Rye 900
0111 Barley 752
Alaska Oats 354
Chancellor Peas 382
Liral Dominion 165
Redwing 305
Root. Seed,
Bangholm Swede 30 Fall Grains
Jones' Fife Wheat 755
Dawson's Golden Chaff Wheat 962
Kharkov Wheat 598
Ridit Wheat 588
Storm Rye 883
This seed is sold eaoh year to the Department of Agrioulture, which
department in turn sells it to farmers for purposes of multiplication.
Potato Index Studios.
The eye index work with potatoes was oontinued during the
yoar.  Tho seed produced in this way, like the seed produced for the
Department of Agrioulture, is used for multiplication purposes and is
the basis of on export industry.
Extension Activities.
During the year the professors in the Department were
aotive on various committees and boards. Dr. G. G. Moo acted as
Chairman of the B.C.Fortilizer and Agricultural Poisons Board,
Member of the Agricultural Machinery Board, Representative of the
Faculty on the Vancouver Local Employment Advisory Committee. Dr.
D. G, Laird acted as Seoretary of the B.C. Fertilizers and
Agricultural Poisons Board, Secretary of tho B.C.Fertilizer
Committee, and Member of the B.C.Lime Committee.  Dr. Vernon
C. Brink co-operated with Mr. Tisdale of tho Dominion Department
of Agriculture on range projects.
During the past year tho research in Soils direoted by
Dr. Laird was that associated with problems undertaken by graduate
students, aided In part by funds nado available under the University
grant designated as "Activators for Enzymes".  Under this fund Mr.
Campbell Gilmour did part of his thesis, involving a "Study of
Hydrolysis of Casein by Actinomyces".  Mr. E. J. Fennell continued
his study on "Boron Oontrol of British Columbia Soils".
Dr. Brink oontinued his studies on Range Problems, and, in
co-operation with Mr, Lawrence Farstad of the Dominion Soil Survey
and Mr. W. H. Mathews of the B.C.Department of Mines, pursued certain
studies on "The Physiography and Climate of British Columbia". Under
a grant received from the B.C.Industrial and Scientific Research
Council, a study was initiated on "The Fertility of Fraser Valley
Dr. Moe continued his studies with alfalfa under the
University grant.  With the assistance of the B.C.Industrial and
Scientific Research Council a small project was initiated in the
study of female sterile alfalfa plants. 34.
Department of Animal Husbandry
The teaching work of the Department of Animal Husbandry
continued as usual during the year.
B. C. Industrial and Scientific Researoh Council.
Dr, J. C. Berry served throughout the year as a member
of the Technical Advisory Committee on Agriculture of the B.C.
Industrial and Scientific Research Council.
Dr. S, N. Wood, as a member of the Committee on the
Mastitis Research Project, is in charge of the Animal Husbandry
phases of this research.
Health of Animals Programme.
(a) Tuberculosis-free Herd (Cattle)
For some years the University herd has been accredited as
T.B.-free under Certificate No. 7495 issued by the Health of Animals
Branch, Dominion Department of Agriculture.  During the year the
herd was again tested by the Federal Inspectors and the certificate
renewed stating that the herd is continuing free of the disease.
Bang's Disease. Control and Elimination by Calfhood
Under the policy of Bang's disease control started on
May 1st, 1940, we are maintaining infected animals in the herd and
practising calfhood vaccination on all animals born into the herd.
Vaccination is practised in an endeavour to Immunize against
the disease the young cattle which will ultimately replace all
of the older infected cattle within the herd.
Since May 1st, 1940, a total of sixty-five animals has
been vaccinated against the disease, and of these forty-five were
vaccinated as calves under eight months of age. Up to September
1st, 1944, twenty normal calvings and two abortions have occurred
in this group. During the past year only one animal within the
entire herd has aborted and this was one of the vaccinated heifers.
This was an apparent case of breaking down of immunity by overwhelming Invasion of organisms from a previous aborting animal
in the same group.
At date of the last blood test there were thirty fully
negative tested cattle in the herd and twenty-four head designated
as infected.  No test was applied to the bulls in the herd or
to calves under four months of age.  No animals have been disposed
of from the herd because of Bang's infection, and the entire
herd is being handled as one unit.  This method of operation Is
providing a very severe test of the immunization value of the
vaccination programme. 35.
Laboratory Clinical Work and Diagnosis.
Diseased animals and post mortem cases submitted to the
Laboratory were limited to a very few during the year.  A few
weanling swine and several lots of young chicks comprised most
of the work.
Diseased tissues, blood specimens and fecal specimens
sent in for diagnostic examination and bacterial study were somewhat
more numerous than in the previous year.
A large number of letters of enquiry regarding diseases
and requests for information on home treatment of sick animals
were received and answered regularly throughout the year.
Pullorum Disease Work.
During the year the Laboratory for testing of blood
specimens from poultry flocks throughout the Province operated
one hundred and sixty-five days with a staff of six to eight
technicians.      During the period 443,927 blood  specimens were
received at the Laboratory for diagnostic tests and,   in addition,
7,254 special tests were made out in the field in connection with
the control programme.      Including laboratory check testing,  a
grand total of 466,433 tests was made.
During the summer months,  organization work to extend the
field test work was carried on and nine men were given one week
of training at the Laboratory to teach them the field work technique.
Vacoination Work in Control of Poultry Diseases.
This work, previously conducted for the Provincial Department of Agriculture as investigational and test work,  has since the
beginning of 1944 been assigned to the Animal Diseases Laboratory
to be administered,  and the use of vaccines has been authorized
by the Department of Agriculture in the control of the two diseases,
namely,  "Fowl Pox" and  "Infectious Laryngotracheitis".      During the
year approximately 16,000 birds were vaccinated on poultry farms
and in all cases with good results.
Research Projects.
(a) An investigational study of calfhood vaocination is
being continued upon the college herd of cattle.
(b) A Mastitis research project, under the auspices of the
B.C.Industrial and Scientific Researoh Council, was organized and
set up to study Mastitic diseases of dairy cows within the Province.
Investigational and laboratory work on the project is divided
jointly between the Department of Dairying and the Department of
Animal Husbandry,
(c) The investigation of problems associated with meat quality
v/as continued in the Session 1943-44-  Experimental material
consisted of nine yearling steers which were predominantly of Hereford
breeding. 36.
(d) Due to disease troubles associated with the movement
of feeder lambs to feed lot premises, it was considered undesirable
to bring a group of feeder lambs to the University Farm. Instead,
through the good auspices of one of our senior students, a representative group of high quality breeding stock was made available
from the Reifel Farms on Westham Island.  Lambs, ewes and rams of
the Hampshire, Suffolk and Romney breeds, along with a Cheviot ram,
were brought to the University and maintained in the Sheep Barn
during the spring of 1944. This unit was used for instructional
purposes and then returned to the Reifel Farms,
Correspondence Oourses with the Armed Services.
During the year Dr. Berry continued his work as Instructor
in the Correspondence Course "Live Stock and Dairy Farming" for
Armed Services personnel under the direction of the Canadian
Legion Educational Services. In addition to conducting this course,
he completed revisions of the four text booklets used for the course.
During the year this work Involved the consideration and correction
of about one hundred papers each month.
Breed Association Work.
Dr* Berry's duties in connection with the Breed Associations
during the year were as follows:
Secretary-Treasurer of the B.C.Branoh of the
Holstein-Friesian Association of Canada,
Direotor of the B.C.Ayrshire Breeders' Association,
Member of the newly organized Joint Dairy Breeds
Association of British Columbia.
Dominion-Provincial Emergency Farm Labour Servioe
During the summer months of 1943 and 1944 Dr. Berry was
loaned from the University to act as Area Supervisor for the
Fraser Valley District under the dlreotion of the Director of the
Dominion-Provincial Emergency Farm Labour Service.  His work
consisted mainly of co-ordinating the work of the local War
Agricultural Production Committees and of supervising the work of
Placement Officers in his area.
Changes in Farm Area and Loss of Land.
The lack of more farm produoing aores is a serious
handicap to the work of the Department.  It is hoped that the part
of the farm area taken over temporarily by the Department of
Agronomy will soon be returned and included in the farm unit.
Upkeep of Buildings.
Some major repairs to the farm buildings were made
possible during the year.  Chief among these was the putting of
a cement wall and foundation under the beef barn, replaolng decayed
sills and posts and laying of a new floor of cement.  The super- 37.
structure of this building is in good repair, and it should now
serve satisfactorily for the beef cattle feeding projects for
many years.
Provincial Feed Standards Board.
Few meetings of the Board were held during the year as no
new publications were contemplated. The bulletin of the Board,
"The Feeding of Farm Livestock in British Columbia", is in strong
demand and there is a considerable correspondence relative to its
recommendations.  The Board has, during the year, been of considerable assistance to authorities at Ottawa in matters dealing
with regulations of the food'trade. Professor King continued as
Chairman of the Board and Dr. Berry as Editor,
Dairy Cattle Classification Work.
Classification work with high quality, purebred dairy
oattle has grown rapidly during the past few years.  Professor
King continued his work as official classifier for the four
Western Provinces for both the Canadian Jersey Cattle Club and the
Canadian Ayrshire Breeders Association.  The bulk of the work so
far done in Western Canada has been for the Jersey Club. The
University herd of Ayrshires was classified in the early summer of
1943, and the first reclassification is planned for 1945.
Department of Dairying.
The teaching work of the Department of Dairying continued
as usual.
■Laboratory Accommodation.
The adequate provision of laboratory accommodation continues
to be the major problem of the Department.
In order to provide for the students taking Dairying 4 it
was again necessary to divide the class into sections, thus limiting
the availability of the Dairy Laboratory for students who ordinarily
use this laboratory for thesis work and for Assistants engaged in the
preparation of laboratory media for class room use. At present
these students are under a serious handicap as the periods available
to them for work on their thesis problems or in the preparation of
class room material often coincide with those during whioh the
laboratory is being used for other purposes.  Additional space in the
form of small laboratories for senior and graduate students oarrying
on thesis work is the only solution of the problem.
The educational facilities of the Department for the
training of students in the practical and technological sides of the
Dairy Industry continue to be limited through lack.of adequate
plant, equipment and staff.  With the facilities available, courses
in Butter-making and Cheese-making were given throughout the year
in the Dairy. 38.
The provision of adequate instructional facilities in
the Department envisages changes in the nature of the present
laboratory work in both Butter-making and Cheese-making and the
giving of courses covering the fields of (a) Market Milk and
Related Products, (b) Ice Cream, (c) Condensed Milk Products,
and (d) Powdered Milk.  It is also hoped that a course in
Agricultural Engineering which will include the fundamentals of
Dairy Engineering will again be offered as a course in Applied
Scienoe available to students in Dairying.
Researoh Projects.
V/ork was continued on the problems associated with cheese-
making, particularly with regard to the difficulties encountered
in the North Okanagan Valley.  The Department continues to enjoy
the active co-operation of the Industry and has been able to render
considerable assistance which has resulted in a marked improvement in
the quality of the cheese produced in that area.
Under the University "Cheese-Ripening Research" grant, Miss
Florence Tamboline was again able to carry on work at the factory
in Armstrong during the past summer.  Her work was of direct benefit
to the Industry and was greatly appreciated by the Directors of the
Armstrong Cheese Co-operative Association.  Although Miss Tamboline
carried out work on several problems during her stay in Armstrong,
particular attention was given this year to the problem of "Mastitis
and its Relationship to Cheese-making."    It is of interest to
record that this work constitutes the beginning of a co-ordinated
attack on the problem of Mastitis throughout the Province. Miss
Tamboline has been appointed Bacteriologist to carry out work under
the recently established Committee on Mastitis of the B. C.
Industrial and Scientific Research Council.
Further progress was made in studies on "Surface Taint in
Butter",  The findings continue to be applied to Industry with
beneficial results.  The work that has been done under this grant
made possible during the last year the prompt recognition of the
source of the causative organism in two outbreaks of the defect
within the Province.  Immediate application of control measures
resulted in the prevention of further occurrence of the defeot in
both creameries encountering the difficulty.
In the work on "Cheese-Ripening" and "Surface Taint in
Butter" the Department continued to enjoy the active oo-operation
of the Provincial and Dominion Departments ef Agriculture.
As no student with adequate training and experience was
available to proceed with studies under the "Activators for Enzymes
Research " grant, little work on this problem was carried out during
the past year.
As a major project under the recently formed B.C.Industrial
and Scientific Research Council the Department is providing to the
best of its ability accommodation for the laboratory work on the
problem.  Miss Tamboline has been appointed to the post of 39.
Bacteriologist under the Research Council grant. The study is
under the general supervision and direction of Dr. J. G. Jervis,
Chairman of the Committee on Mastitis appointed under the Technical
Advisory Committee on Agrioulture of the Research Council. It is
the responsibility of Dr. Blythe A, Eagles to undertake supervision
of all laboratory work connected with the research.
Supplies and Equipment.
The Department was able to hold its position insofar as
general supplies and equipment were concerned. The provision of
adequate equipment for courses in the different fields of Dairy
Technology is, however, a problem which awaits solution.
During the past year Dr. Eagles attended the first meeting
of the Interior Dairymen's Association held in Salmon Arm, in April.
This meeting took the form of a "Dairy School" and Dr. Eagles
presented a paper on "Sanitation in the Dairy Industry".
Department of Horticulture.
The teaching work of the Department of Horticulture
continued as usual.
I would like to draw specific attention to the necessity
for the expansion of the Plant Nutrition Laboratory and all other
laboratory facilities of the Department.  The student registration
has outgrown the accommodation by about three to one.
Changes in Policy.
During the year there were no Important changes in the
policy of the Department of Horticulture. The major emphasis was,
as in previous years, given to the teaohing of students and to such
investigational work as could be conducted largely as a phase of
teaching, save for five projects (non*teaohlng) which are here
indicated by title only. Incidentally, these proved to be of
definite value in providing certain materials whioh could be used
in teaching as well as providing some practical experience for such
students as have been given part-time employment during the progress
of the work. The five projects carried forward during the year are:
Vegetable Seed Trials (In co-operation with the
Dominion Government).  Eighth Year.
Foundation Stocks of certain vegetable varieties
(under an arrangement with the Canadian Seed Growers*
"Causes of Raspberry Failure" project (under a grant
from the Board of Governors, this University). 40.
"Vegetable Food Research" project (under a grant from
Safeway Stores Limited).
"Food Values of British Columbia Fruits and Vegetables
and Factors which Affect Them" (under a grant from the
B.C.Industrial and Scientific Research Council),
Details of these researches are contained in the departmental
Horticulture Grounds, Greenhouses, etc.
For a number of years the Horticultural Area (including the
buildings and greenhouses) has been under lease to Mr. Frank Garnish,
formerly Foreman in Horticulture, who is completing his twenty-
eighth year with the University.  The terms and spirit of the lease
were carried out fairly well during the past year, although the
arrangement is far from satisfactory in many ways and adjustments
from the original undertaking have had to be made from time to time.
During the past year Mr. Garnish was so seriously ill that
he was praotically incapacitated from all work for a considerable
time. "The Department gave what help it could to carry over the
crisis, Including the provision of fuel for the Greenhouse.
'.OO was voted for this purpose.
Included in the Horticultural Area were certain fairly
large blocks of land which had of necessity been abandoned or been
allowed to become badly run down. , A special grant from unexpended
balances was made available to the Department for draining (with
agricultural tile) and clearing some of these neglected areas and
bringing them into such shape that they could be used for crop
Researoh Projects.
The details of the research work carried on by the
Department are shown in reports submitted by Dr. G, Howell Harris to
accompany the departmental report. The projects so reported upon
include Senior and Graduate student problems, the "Raspberry Decline"
studies (instituted in 1937 under a grant provided by the Board of
Governors), the "Safeway Vegetable Food Research" project, involving
a study of food values in certain vegetable crops on various soils
and under different fertilizer treatments (Instituted in 1941), and
a "Food Values" study under a grant from the B.C.Industrial and
Scientific Research Council (instituted in 1944).
Vegetable Seed Trials.
For the eighth consecutive year the Department of Horticulture conducted a series of vegetable seed trials. This work
was commenoed in 1937 as a co-operative project between the *
Plant Produots Division, Production Service of the Dominion Department
of Agriculture and The University of British Columbia, In this year's
trials there were some three hundred and forty-two samples of seed
on test. The labour costs were cared for by a special grant from a.
the Dominion Department of Agriculture  ($600.00)  supplemented by
contributions of $325.00 from other sources as follows:
British Columbia Seed Growers' Association $125.00
Provincial Department of Agriculture 125,00
Wm. Rennie Seeds Limited  (Vancouver) 25.00
The Brackman-Ker Milling Co,(New Westminster) 50.00
This vegetable seed testing work is proving of distinct
value as a contribution toward the national effort, and should
be even more worthwhile with the greatly increased call for
Canadian-grown seeds. The testing plots furnish considerable
class teaching material which would otherwise have to be provided
as a definite charge against the Department's budget.
Service Work. Correspondence, etc.
Soil and plant tissue tests were made extensively to
diagnose plant nutritional troubles where a grower's problem
was involved. These included troubles in the field, greenhouse,
etc., as well as problems in mushroom growing.
Technical Boards, Committees, etc.
—————— III   ■«■«,———. JMIWWII .if ——■      P lf,..W Ull.ll II   I   ll. Illlll       II        wm
During the year Dr, A. F. Barss continued as a member of
the Provincial Vegetable Seed Committee, serving as Vice-Chairman.
In June of this year he attended a three-day session at Saskatoon
as a member of the Horticultural Plant Breeders' Committee of the
Canadian Seed Growers' Association.
Dr, Harris served as Chairman of the Technical Advisory
Committee on Agriculture for the B.C.Industrial and Scientific
Research Council.
The members of the staff in Horticulture served during the
year on the following committees:
Canadian Legion, West Pt. Grey Branch (President)
University Representative on Committee on Educational
Policies, Canadian Legion
Educational Representative of the Canadian Legion to the
Vancouver Co-ordinating Council War Services.
Canadian Society of Technical Agriculturists (Vice-
President, Lower Mainland Local)
Post-War Housing Committee of City Council
Committee on "Blighted Areas" (Chairman)
Rehabilitation Committee of Greater Vancouver, also
member of two of its Standing Committees "Education" and
Member of the Vancouver Town Planning Commission and
member of four of its Standing Committees
Member of the Committee preparing and presenting the draft
of the "Provincial Planning Act" before the B.C.Government. 42.
Department of Poultry Husbandry.
The teaching work of the Department of Poultry Husbandry
oontinued as usual.
The further promotion of Professor Biely from the rank of
Assistant Professor to that of Assooiate Professor has been a matter
of considerable satisfaction to all concerned.
The Poultry Plant.
Distinct improvements have been made to the Poultry Plant.
The grass and clover have been established as pasture.  Old fences
were removed and a permanent outside fence erected.  The fence is
an important protection against wild dogs. New hurdles are being
constructed, and it is now possible to rotate the poultry runs and
pastures.  The buildings were painted during the year.
Poultry Stock.
(a) Disease.
If any confirmation of the seriousness of the disease
problem were needed it is provided by data secured from the preliminary report of the University Poultry Farm Survey conducted
by Mr. E. Woodward under the direction of the Head of the Department
of Agricultural Economics. This Survey has shown that the laying
house mortality is 24.3% per annum in flocks in this Province and
varies from around 10$ in some flocks to as high as 70$ in others.
Information regarding losses in young stock is not available,
but it is known that losses from one disease alone, i.e., the
paralysis complex, have been disastrous in some flocks and a drain
on the supply of potential laying pullets in many.
In attaoking the problem of disease control in the U.B.C.
flock, so far as facilities will permit, approaches are being made
both from the environmental aspect and from the breeding approach.
Accordingly, efforts have been made to improve conditions through
the critical and susceptible early periods of rearing on the range.
(b) R.O.P.Breeding.
The regular R.O.P. entry of one hundred pullets each in
the Barred Plymouth Rock and Rhode Island Red breeds was maintained
with an increase of from one hundred to two hundred pullets in
the case of the Single Comb White Leghorns for testing with the
trapnests. Such an increase in the latter breed was considered
desirable in order to permit of more extensive testing from
larger families as a basis for discovery of resistant lines,-
the Leghorns having shown a serious increase in mortality with
corresponding lowered production. With the higher production
obtained this year and lower mortality existing, the very substantial Improvement in the record of production will leave a 43.
considerably increased number of certified R.O.P. Leghorn hens
for the R.O.P.Approved breeding pens the next breeding year. While
the same result applies to the Barred Plymouth Rocks and the
Rhode Island Reds to a corresponding degree, it may be necessary
to inorease these R.O.P. units to two hundred pullets each to
secure material for selection and mating.
Researoh Profreots
Early Feathering
Material progress has been made In the selection of stock
for "early feathering" (maturity).  The following is quoted from
Professor E, A. Lloyd's departmental report: "Since breeding and
selection for fast early feathering in the Rhode Island Reds have
been confined within the R.O.P. strains of this breed, progress
has been less rapid than it would have been if the fast feathering
gene had been introduced through crossing with another breed like
the fast feathering New Hampshires.
"It is a rather remarkable coincidence that simultaneously,
and by good fortune, several fast early feathering chicks, both male
and female, have appeared this season for the first time in the
R.O.P, Barred Plymouth Rocks of the U.B.C, strain.  Its genetio
origin is being studied. This material should prove valuable for
breeding, next year and should save years in developing this new
early full feathered strain of Barred Plymouth Rocks. By the use of
the two unrelated strains, the one from the outside, and untested,
and the tested U.B.C, strain, it should be possible to go ahead with
the project without fear of loss of vigor through too close
Autosexing Breeds.
The Gold Cambar, which has been Improved at The University
of British Columbia in preparation for entranoe into the American
Standard, is now ready for commercial use,
As an early feathering, white-fleshed breed it has proved
itself superior in meat qualities to all other breeds of medium
size, exoepting possibly the Games, whioh In turn are not good
layers.  This strain of Cambar has been Improved In egg production
until it lays almost as well as the best commerioal breeds.  The
egg size is now good. Colour pattern for autosexing, i.e., the
pullet chicks with their brown, spotty heads and striped backs as
distinguished from the cookerel chicks with their light, blotchy,
down colour free from stripping, has been standardized to a
considerable degree.  Autosexing is now about 90$ acourate in this
Poultry Nutrition.
It Is gratifying to report that during the aoademlc year
1943-44 the Department has acquired a substantial building to
carry out nutritional studies with laying birds.  Funds for the
construction of the Building were provided by the Provincial 44.
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-i-»     u.     i,»w.v^Uiii.,j.u ,     Wnii^tUi     o i     r^,! iUiuUiJ,     did    CJU.U.X bAOEdj.    grailliD
T'yfjr"      T"h-=       !S|1-f»T'pTf      {""./""i _/-•, T>. ;_ "W £X "*" '  ■*»«:   1 + ^«ri m  Awr-rt« <-. 1   .- Ti      •"' *-*.A
Western Industries Li?* It 30 Van ^om v.'..•?» 3 r*
a) Poultry Feeding Project.
At the present time the building is used for feeding tests
for the purpose of comparing rations which contain yellow corn and
those which do not.  Comparisons are also made with rations which
contain wheat as the sole source of grain and those which contain
several grains and grain by-products.
The experimental work was commenced on March 16th, 1944,
with five hundred Single Comb White Leghorn pullet ohlcks, and will
be continued for a period of eighteen months. Data are being
gathered on rate of growth, feed consumption, egg production, size
and quality of eggs, and mortality (percentage and cause).
The above project has been made possible by grants from
the Surrey Co-operative Association and the Provincial Department of
Woodward's Feeding Project.
At the request of Dr, E. E. Rogers, M.D,, C.M., a practising
physician of Vancouver, and Mr. I. Lipovsky, Woodward Stores Ltd.,
a feeding project with chicks was undertaken in the summer of 1943,
the main purpose of which was to determine the effects of two different
systems of feeding on rate of growth, llvability, egg production and
causes of mortality.  The two systems differed as follows:
( i) Chemical and biological composition of the rations,
{ 11) Daily supply of fresh green feed,
(ill) "Ad lib" vs. restricted feeding.
The test was carried out for a period of one year (June 11th,1943
to June 10th, 1944) with two groups of approximately one hundred ani
twenty-five Single Comb White Leghorn pullets. No significant
differences were observed.
A grant of $500.00 was made by Woodward Stores Limited to
finance this work.
The Nutritive Value of Meat Meals and Fish Meals for
Growing Chicks.
The project on the nutritive value of meat meals and fish
meals for growing chicks was started by Mr. Cameron Inkster, B.S.A.,
in the summer of 1944, for credit towards a Master's Degree. In
this project on attempt was made to determine the protein quality
of various brands of meat meals and fish meals prepared from
several of the more common species of fish. 45.
In the preliminary study, five brands of meat meal and four
kinds of fish meal and a combination of fish and soyabean meal were
tested with Rhode Island Red Chioks of both sexes.  This test was
set up in duplicate and oarried out for a period of eight weeks.
Details of results are to be found in the departmental report.
(d) Vitamin B Research
A series of feeding tests with ohioks kept for four to
eight weeks on various vitamin supplements was carried out during
the year 1943-44.  The rations were standarlzed as regards the
various nutrients and individual vitamins.  The main purpose of
these tests was to find the most suitable combination of protein
and vitamin supplements that would need to be added to wheat to make
it a complete feed for growing chickens.
Five series of experiments were carried out between
September 1st, 1943, and the early summer of 1944.  The details of
results are to be found in the departmental report.
(e) Fish Oil Researoh
Eight series of Vitamin D biological assays with ohicks
were carried out between September 21st, 1943, and the early summer
of 1944.  Approximately four thousand five hundred White leghorn
ohicks were used in the various assays.
The most important phases of the research were concerned
( 1) the deterioration by ageing of natural and
synthetic Vitamin D,
( ii) aqueous solutions of orystalline D3,
(iii) relative effectiveness of free and ester
forms of Vitamin D.
( lv) administration of Vitamin D with pipette for orem.
Table III in the departmental report, for example, shows
the results on one biological assay in which thirty-three different
formulae for Vitamin D solutions in water were used. These solutions
were prepared by Dr. Win, Chalmers of Western Chemical Industries
Limited. Dr. Chalmer's cements in connection with this phase of
research are worthy of record: "In the last series of tests highly
successful results were obtained in which clear water solutions of
Vitamin D were added to the basal ration and fed to baby ohicks for
three weeks.  The results were possibly superior to those obtained
from the oil fed in the mash."  It may be of interest to know that
the exploration of the possibilities of aqueous solutions of Vitamin D,
as well as Vitamin A, is unique in the field of research on fat
soluble vitamins.
In connection with this project it is a pleasure to
acknowledge the inspiring leadership and co-operation of Dr. Wm.
Chalmers of Western Chemical Industries Limited. The chemioal 46.
aspects of the problem, Including many highly technical procedures,
were carried out by Dr. Chalmers himself or by the staff under his
personal supervision.
Poultry Mortality Survey,
At the request of the B.C.Industrial and Scientific
Researoh Council a survey of adult poultry mortality is being
made by the Department.
Service Work.
The usual number of birds (about 400)were brought or
sent in for diagnosis of disease, <>
The outstanding need of the Department is a service
building on the Poultry Plant.  This Department has always had
to operate with more or less makeshift facilities at the Plant.
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Agriculture, 47.
Another wartime session, 1943-44, saw the Dean of
Women's Office much preoccupied with the Women's War V/ork Plan.
This year marked the establishment of a University Unit of the
Canadian Red Cross Corps on the British Columbia campus. Dr.
Joyce Hallamore as Commandant and Dr. Sylvia Thrupp as
Assistant Commandant took charge of the Corps, which enrolled
fifty members for the session. The smart grey uniforms, with
ties of the University blue and the Red Cross insignia on hat
and sleeve, soon became a familiar sight on the campus. Through
the courtesy of Colonel Shrum, the girls were allowed to drill
in the University Armouries.  When photographs were taken of
the "Campus at War", the girls marched with other units and
they also paraded at the end of the year when Dr. Klinck took
the salute.  On the evening of March 29th, Mrs. de Satge of the
Vancouver Detachment officially inspected the unit in the
Armouries and declared herself very pleased with progress,
Details connected with the organization of the Corps added to
the duties of the Dean of Women's Office.  The Women's War
Work Plan as a whole centres in that Office and as the programme
is now quite extensive the various aspects of the plan exact
considerable time. It is a satisfaction that the women students
oontlnue to support it very loyally.  To the classes given in
previous years, a short typing course was added during the
session 1943-44 by special arrangement with a city training
school.  Most of the students, however, still continued to
give their time to sewing and knitting for the University Unit
of the Red Cross Society.  This year Dr. Blakey Smith shared
the responsibility for this part of the work with Mrs. J. F, Muir.
As usual, all the women on the Faoulty were generous in offering
their assistance. Outstanding was the work of Miss Margaret Kerr,
under whose training one hundred and forty-four students were
successful in passing the First Aid examination for the St.John
Ambulance Association.
The closing of the Brock Dining Room during the session,
added to the already existing problem of food rationing, made it
very difficult for the Dean of Women to offer hospitality to
students during the year.  The informal social groups of previous
years had definite value in establishing friendly relations and
some arrangement of that sort appears to be a necessity.
The housing problem for the session 1943-44 promised to be
very grave. Sufficient accommodation was offered only after the
University had advertised the seriousness of the situation. With the
co-operation of the Dominion Housing Bureau, enough rooms were finally
found, but these were scattered all over the city and, in spite of
precautions, some proved unsatisfactory after term started. The
housing problem, therefore, remained acute and demanded considerable
attention all year.
Respectfully submitted
Dean of Women. 48
The outstanding event of the year was the acquisition of
the historical collection bequeathed to the Library by Judge F, W,
Howay, of New Westminster.  This consists of about 2200 bound
volumes, and about a thousand pamphlets.  The bulk of the books
relate to western Canada and the northwest coast of America.  In
addition to the standard voyages and travels, Judge Howay made a
point of collecting the supplementary material that frequently adds
so much to the official publications, and his library is therefore
unusually useful to the researoh student.  The collection includes
practically everything in print relating to the maritime fur trade,
upon which Judge Howay was the authority, and a wealth of material
relating to the oolonial period in British Columbia.  Included also
were several very valuable newspaper files, one of these being the
only extant complete run of the New'Westminster British Columbian
for the years I86I-69.
A total of 5,245 volumes were accessioned during the year,
and the Library's total book-stock is not far short of 150,000.
As In most university libraries, circulation decreased
appreciably as compared with the previous year. Various faotors
account for this.  The average student is much better off
financially than a few years ago, and purchases some of the books
he would otherwise have borrowed.  Military drill and women's war
work occupy hours that would otherwise be spent in study.  The open-
shelf reserve-book system, introduced two sessions ago, improves
servioe greatly but substantially reduces the number of book-loans
actually recorded.  The probability would seem to be that the
downward trend of circulation has now reached its limit, and next
year's statistics may be expected to show an increase.
The average student may be reading less, but, if anything,
the good student is reading more, and the Referenoe Department had
the busiest season it has ever had.
Considerable attention was given to displays during the
year, and much interest was created amongst the students. Items
shown included superb specimens of porcelain, stoneware, glass,
pewter, silver, and pottery from the collections of Dr. L. S. Klinck
Crowding, both in the reading rooms and in the stackroom,
is more serious than ever. Preliminary sketohes for an addition to
the Library have been drawn, but at best several years must still
elapse before a wing can be completed.
Respectfully submitted,
Librarian 49.
The twenty-fifth Summer Session of the University
operated from June 26th to August 11th, 1944.
The enrolment was as follows:
1943       1942
Partial 15 5 3
First Year 53 37 35
Second Year 145 96 95
Third Year 59 61 46
Fourth Year 64 77 65
Graduates 105 53 76
Auditors 8         2.         2
Courses in Social Work enrolled twenty-nine students.
The following summary compares the offering with that
of previous years:
1943      1942
Full courses (3 units)    19 16        24
Half courses
(1 1/2 units) 4 4        6
A very acceptable group of visiting Instructors joined
the staff. Queen's University and the Universities of Toronto,
Saskatchewan, California and Washington were represented.
The attractiveness of the University's Summer Session
was enhanced by a number of noon-hour events.  The Summer Session,
the Department of University Extension, and the Summer Session
Students' Association co-operated to offer two oourses in music
appreciation.  Three other recitals were also presented.
The total enrolment at the Summer Session naturally
fluctuates a good deal from year to year. In each of 1937, 1938,
and 1939 the enrolment exceeded 650. Each of 1940, 1941, and 1942 50.
saw a decrease of about 125 students from the year before, the
enrolment in 1942 being 322.  The enrolment in 1943 was 336.
This year shows an increase of over 100.   There is every
reason to expect that possible fee adjustments and the end of
the war will combine to produce further substantial increases
in the years immediately ahead.
Respectfully submitted,
Director, Summer Session. 51
In recent years the duties of the Joint Faculty
Committee on Prizes, Scholarships and Bursaries have steadily
increased.  Although the year under review was no exception,
it is a pleasure to report that most of the additional work
involved was occasioned by an exceptionally large number of
donations of new prizes, scholarships and bursaries.
During the academic year 1943-44 the University
was able to add to its list of awards one fellowship (the
first to be established here), 8 scholarships, 10 bursaries,
and 8 prizes, amounting altogether to $6,650.00 for the year.
Of these awards, all but two of the bursaries and four of the
prizes are now offered annually.
The following is a brief description of eaoh of
these gifts, the full details of which either have been or
will be announced in the University Calendar:
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada
Limited Fellowship, open to graduates for research related to
non-ferrous metals, fertilizers, and chemicals. An annual award
of #750.00 with an additional 1450.00 available for special
equipment and supplies. $1,200,00
The British Columbia Electric Railway Company
Limited Researoh Scholarship, open to graduates in
Electrical or Mechanical Engineering, An annual award of
$500.00 with an additional $100.00 available for special
equipment. 600,00
The British Columbia Electric Railway Company
Limited Scholarship for undergraduates in Electrical
Engineering. An annual award. \     200.00
The British Columbia Electric Railway Company
Limited Scholarship for undergraduates in Mechanical
Engineering.  An annual award. 200.00
The Powell River Company Limited Scholarship,
open to graduates for research in wood chemistry. An
annual award. 700.00
The R. Randolph Bruce Scholarship for undergraduates in the Metallurgical Engineering Course. An
annual award. 200.00 52.
Scholarships (continued
The Vancouver Women's Canadian Club Scholarship
for undergraduates in Home Economics. An annual award.   $ 100.00
The Vancouver Sun Scholarships. Two Scholarships, each of $200.00, for Vancouver Sun Carriers
entering First Year.  Annual awards. 400.00
The Alberta Meat Company Bursary, open to
students in Animal Husbandry. An annual award. 50.00
The Co-operative Seed Growers Bursary, open
to undergraduates in Agriculture. An annual award. 100.00
The Mary C Lipsett Bursary, open to undergraduates in Sociology or Psychology. An annual award.      200.00
The J, M, Taylor Bursary for undergraduates
in Metallurgy. Awarded in the session 1943-44 only.        150.00
The Rotary Memorial Bursaries.  Five bursaries
of $200.00 each, open to undergraduates. Annual awards.   1,000,00
Bursary (anonymous donor) awarded to an
undergraduate in equal instalments over successive years
of his undergraduate course. 1,000.00
The William and Dorothy Dorbils Prize in
Zoology, open to undergraduates. An annual award. 50.00
The Timber Preservers Limited Prizes for undergraduates in Civil Engineering. Three prizes of -$60.00,
$25.00, and $15.00 respectively.  Annual awards, 100.00
The Canadian Army Course No. 2 Prizes
(Anonymous donor),  Four prizes of $100,00 each. Awarded
in the session 1943-44 only. 400,00
At the request of the donors the Lady Laurier Club
Bursary was increased from $50,00 to $75.00, and the Ahepa
Scholarship ws.3 re-classified as a prize. One award, the
Players' Club Prize, was withdrawn.
As in the past, there were many requests by students
for financial assistance. As far as possible these requests were
met by means of the Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Bursaries,
the Special Bursaries of the University and the various "named"
bursaries awarded in September and May.  The Committee examined
over 300 applications, interviewed at least half that number of
applicants, and recommended 200 students-for 222 awards.   It 53.
is interesting to note that almost 60 different centres of
the Province are represented in the home addresses of the recipients,
and that approximately 60 per cent, of the total sum awarded in
bursaries was distributed to students residing outside the City of
The financial assistance provided by the bursary funds
is presented in the following table:
Name of Bursary   Number of Awards  Total Amount Awarded
Section 1 34 $3,910.00
Section 11(a) 81 12,910.00
Section 11(b) 11 1,800.00
Section 111 2 250.00
Special Bursaries 67 6,170.00
Named Bursaries J27, 3,097.50
Totals 222 $28.137.50
Although prizes and scholarships are awarded on the
basis of scholastic standing or skill, it is undoubtedly true
that on many occasions they also provide financial assistance
for needy students.  It is not without point, therefore, to
note that every year about 21 students are awarded University
and Royal Institution Scholarships for proficiency in the
University Entrance and Senior Matriculation Examinations; and
also to record that, during 1943-44, the Committee reoommended
prize and scholarship awards to some 50 other students to a value
exceeding $8,000.00,
At   Its   OV,^   "^fi^LLS 5 "fc      * h. B    Ccw^*"lttr-'-">   V/PS   emlpwoi'    +■/•>
include tne "Dbb.ii  oi"' "women rs an ey ot'f'ioio r^s^bsr  This rM% &'"!£*€< "has
In i^&tt'3rs conc^mins* "^'-' na^cl* "^ •c,~'I *-.o v.'oirv^**! s"Hv"'p**:"•*<-.
In considering applications for assistance under the
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Programme the Committee, as in
the past, acted in consultation with Colonel F, T, Fairey, Direotor
of Teohnical Education.  The Committee is deeply grateful to Colonel
Fairey for his co-operation, advice and assistance.
The Chairman wishes to express his appreciation of the
splendid work of the members of the Committee and, on their behalf,
to thank the President, the Governing Bodies, the Faculties, and the
staffs of the Administrative Offioes for their guidance and help.
Respectfully submitted,
Chairman, Joint Faculty Committee on
Prizes, Scholarships and Bursaries. REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF **'
In reviewing the work of the Department of University
Extension for the 1943-44 academic session two features seem
especially worthy of note.  One is the continued increase in
the number of persons registering for the various services
offered by the Department, and the other is the increase in the
number of projects undertaken jointly with other groups and
organizations engaged in adult education work.  The inorease
in the number of requests for assistance indicates a growth in
the need and appreciation of adult education and a confidence in
the University-s ability to meet that need.  The sponsoring
and planning of short courses and study programmes for
organizations has given the Department an opportunity to
introduce a measure of coordination in a field where it is
greatly needed.
In 1936 when the Department of University Extension
was established, adult education was in its infancy. It is
true that at that time certain universities already had well
established extension departments but these were mainly engaged
in correspondence work for university credit. The University
of British Columbia, partly because of the limited funds
available for the establishment of a new department, but more
especially because of its realization of an educational need,
decided to align itself with the new trend in adult education
which advocated a more general cultural and vocational training
for the average adult.  The great increase in adult education
in British Columbia since 1936 has shown the wisdom of this
ohoice.  If the Department is to meet its constantly increasing
obligations it is imperative that additional staff be provided.
Only the Extension Library and the Drama Division have at present
a trained full-time assistant.  Other assistants are required
for the fields of Agriculture, Home Economics, Handicrafts,
Visual Education and Music.
Study Group Programme.
One hundred and ninety-two groups in British Columbia
registered for study courses in 1943-44, which is a marked
inorease over the total for the previous year.  Greatest interest
was shown in the courses on child psychology, public speaking,
aoting, and credit unions.
One of the most interesting developments was the use
made of the Department's courses by other universities throughout
Canada.  Macdonald College used six of the study group courses
during the year; the University of Alberta, three; the University
of Saskatchewan, three; and the University of Manitoba, one.
In addition, many Individuals, some as far away as the Maritlmes,
sent in requests for the study outlines. During the summer, work was started on a new oourse-
"Marriage and Family Relations" - whioh is to be a study outline
compiled by a number of authorities in the various social fields.
The Department has now a total of fourteen specially prepared study
outlines for distribution.
Evening Classes and Extension Leotures.
Increased interest in adult education was Indicated again
this year by the variety of the requests for evening classes and
the large registration at the courses offered.
The following list gives the oourses and the registration:
Canadian Problems in the Post-War World  ,....,. 80
Music Appreciation , 121
The Praotice of Speaking in Publlo  60
New Homes for Old   52
Current Social and Political Ideals   110
Gardening in Wartime  75
General Botany  26
Feeding Ourselves in Wartime  20
Child Psychology for Parents ,.,  53
Poultry Husbandry  135
Metals  ,.. 142
Total registrations
Members of Faculty again offered their services to
organizations and groups in Vancouver and In centres throughout the
Province for public lectures.  During the year 278 leotures were
given, with a total recorded attendance of 26,388.
The Victoria University Extension Association oarried on
its usual winter series of leotures given by Faoulty members of the
University.  For several years the Association has rendered a
valuable service as an effective link between the University and the
City of Victoria.
Library and Pamphlet Service.
In 1943-44 the Extension Library expanded its services in
every field, and the number of individual borrowers increased considerably. Three hundred new books were added to the Library,
Books on contemporary history, biography, fiction, musio, art,
drama, co-operation, economios, and sociology were added in response
to popular demand.
One hundred and ninety borrowers were registered with the
Extension Library and received from one to six books every three
weeks, according to their requests. In addition, 80 borrowers who
were registered with Extension evening classes and the "Citizens'
Forum" were sent books on request.
The Contemporary Book Review Series, groups of the latest
books and outlines for reviewing them, was a new series whioh proved very popular. Eleven groups and a number of individuals were
registered for the series.
Increased interest in current affairs, agriculture and
home-making is evident in the growing use made of the Pamphlet
Loan Service. The Department now has a considerable collection of
pamphlets on a wide variety of topics, which is being used not
only by individual borrowers but also by study groups and citizens'
f orums.
Drama and Radio.
Dramatic activities have oontinued at a wartime level
during the year.  Young people's groups have continued to show
most energy and enthusiasm, and there has been an increased Interest
in dramatics among men and women of the Armed Services.
Assistance was given by the Department through visits,
personal interviews, and correspondence, by lectures and by the Play
Lending Library, to all groups and individuals throughout the
Province who requested advice and information.
During the year, additions were made to the Play Lending
Library so that the total of plays and books on the theatre and radio
now numbers 4,000.  Circulation for the year was 4,173, with 116
groups availing themselves of borrowing privileges. Twenty-two
groups made use of the speoial group play-reading collection, many
of them carrying out a whole season's programme.
Miss Dorothy Somerset, the Instructor in dramatics, was
very active in varied organizations throughout the year. During
the winter, she assisted the newly-formed Labour Theatre of
Vancouver to produce and present its first performance, the
"Shipyard Revue".  In co-operation with the Department of Education
of the University, she gave a oourse In School Dramatics to students
of the Teacher Training Class, She also directed the Players'
Club Alumni spring production of "Distant Point". Miss Somerset
was invited by the University of Saskatchewan to give the six-
weeks' summer course on the Theatre at that University,  From
Saskatoon she went to Banff as representative of this University
at the Western Canada Theatre Conference.  The Conference's Annual
Playwriting Competition, inaugurated at the suggestion of the
Department of Extension, this summer announced its first four awards
to Canadian playwrights. Miss Somerset was again elected a member
of the Conference Executive Committee,
The Phonograph Record Loan Service has oontinued to be
one of the most popular services offered by the Department of
Extension. Sixty-eight registered groups used the service this
year - whioh is almost double last year's total - while the actual
circulation of records was 3,960 - three times as great as in the
previous year.
Through the co-operation of the University Committee in
charge, recordings from the Carnegie Music Set are loaned to adult 57.
groups throughout the Province.  The Department has a separate
collection of recordings and during the year this has been enlarged
by the addition of popular semi-olassical recordings, selected
especially for the benefit of men and women in the Armed Services.
A special collection of Folk Dance and Square Dance recordings,
known as "Dances for Fun", designed to help community groups in
planning recreational programmes, has also been added to the
In the 1943-44 Evening Class series Dr. Ida Halpern
again gave a course in Music Appreciation.  In co-operation with
the Director of the Summer Session and the Summer Session Students'
Association, the Department offered two noon-hour summer courses
in Music Appreciation. Both were very well attended.
Visual Instruction Services.
An increased demand for visual instruction material from
community groups in all parts of the Province has been the most
outstanding development in this Division during the past year.
Continued and increased use of the film library by the Armed Services
and organizations engaged in war work has also been noted.
The film library has shown a steady growth in the number
and variety of its films.  Special emphasis this year has been
placed upon the purchasing of handicraft and travelogue releases
while some attention has been given to obtaining French films for
the use of French speaking communities in the Province.  The
library now has a total of 500 motion pictures, 800 film strips,
and 100 sets of lantern slides.  Co-operation with the National
Film Society is being maintained in the circulation of war
information and documentary films.
During the past year visual instruction material has
been sent to 360 towns and communities, 64 churches, 150 schools,
and 536 organizations.  Letters from numerous groups and
individuals were received, revealing keen appreciation for the
part that visual education is playing in the eduoational and
cultural life of their communities.
This summer the Assistant in charge of the Visual Education
Division gave a short course on projector operation to a group of
Summer Session students, mainly teachers who were planning to use
films in their classes.
Five National Film Board Rural Circuits were in operation
in British Columbia during the past year: in the Lower Mainland and
Vancouver Island, the Okanagan Valley, the West Kootenays, the
East Kootenays, and the Prince Rupert-Prince George area. Monthly
showings were given in each community, the programme consisting
generally of a major feature of national or international importance,
a short educational film, and a film of local interest.  More use
was made of the field projectionists by community organizations and
by schools, and a growing appreciation of the service was revealed
in all centres. Radio Forums. 58.
In 1943-44, the Department of Extension again co-operated
with the Canadian Federation of Agriculture, the Canadian Association
for Adult Education and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in the
presentation of the weekly series of broadcasts for rural listening
groups known as the "National Farm Radio Forum."  In British
Columbia 122 groups and individuals registered with the Department
and were sent supplementary literature including the weekly
bulletin, Farm Forum Guide, and the pamphlet series, Planning for
Plenty.  A keen interest was shown by those groups which actively
participated in the programme and sent in weekly reports of their
findings.  This number is still small but the Department is
giving every encouragement to the development of greater interest
in this important service.  The Canadian Federation of Agrioulture
regards the Forum Findings as a fair measure of farm opinion and
as an aid in formulating polioy.
During the past year, the Extension Department has served
as Provincial Offioe for the radio programme,"Citizens• Forum", a
joint project of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the
Canadian Association for Adult Education.  This series marks
the first large-scale attempt in Canada to interest urban groups
In a combination listening-discussion group programme.   The faet
that 2,000 groups across the Dominion registered as active
participants, and 127 in British Columbia alone, exclusive of
servicemen, indicates the interest in this new educational method.
A Provincial Committee was set up by a general meeting at whioh
representatives of more than 70 organizations were present, The
Direotor of the Extension Department was appointed Chairman of the
Committee, and the Assistant in charge of study groups was chosen
as Secretary.
Eduoational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen,
The Dominion Department of Fisheries oontinues to support
a programme for the extension of educational work in oo-operative
purchasing and selling amongst B.C. fishermen.  Efforts of previous
years are bearing good fruit In the steady progress of co-operatives
and credit unions on this ooast.  The fishermen themselves are
becoming financially more Independent and better able to deal with
their own problems.  They are organizing the Fishermen's Co-operative
Federation which, by linking up the oo-operative produoer with the
co-operative consumer, aims to insure greater security and stability
of markets for fishermen In the post-war era.
The programme in 1943-44 was slightly disrupted by changes
in personnel, but the various workers held over 35 meetings in 20
different towns during the year.  As in previous years, books,
pamphlets, and study material were distributed freely, and films
were made available for numerous meetings,
Oourse in Personnel Administration.
The first course in Personnel Administration held in 1942
was so successful that the Department of Labour at Ottawa requested 59
the University to offer a second course during the 1943-44 term.
This was carried out in the form of a series of monthly sessions
from September to March.  The course was designed to aid
industrial establishments in the solution of their personnel
problems and special emphasis was given to the discussion of
local problems of firms engaged in war industry. Outstanding
personnel administrators from all parts of the continent were
brought to Vancouver as leaders for the course. These included
Professor John Riegel of Michigan, Arthur H, Young of California,
R. A. Sutermeister, C, J. Bailey, and Clark Kerr of Seattle, Mrs,
Vera Berney of Camas, Washington, Allan H, Mogensen and Alvln
Dodd of New York, and T. R, Walsh of Ottawa.
Representatives from a large variety of industries
attended the oourse and expressed their appreciation for the
assistance reoeived. Through participation in projects of this
type, the University is able to keep in direot contact with the
industrial life of the Province and to contribute in some measure
towards improved industrial relations,
Short Oourses.
At the request of the Parent-Teacher Federation of
British Columbia a Parents' Institute was held by the Department,
June 28 and 29, 1944.  The course was designed to meet the
speoial problems which parents face in training children during
wartime.  Lecturers and discussion leaders were Dr. S, R. Laycook
of the University of Saskatchewan and Dr. D, H. Russell of the
University of California, both experienced child psychologists.
One hundred and fifty registered for the course.
In order to meet the very acute shortage of qualified
social workers in this province, the Department held a two weeks'
Institute in Group Work from August 14 to 25, 1944, to provide a
short period of professional training for men and women employed
in community group leadership. Mr. Bernard Ross, a graduate of
the School of Applied Social Sciences, University of Pittsburgh,
at present the Project Services Adviser for the Housing Authority
of Portland, Oregon, conducted the course. Thirty-five men and
women, representing such community organizations as the Y.M.C.A.
and Y.W.C.A., neighbourhood houses, church young people's groups,
and provincial Institutions, were in attendance. So successful was
the course that the group decided to organize on a permanent
basis to meet for discussion of joint problems throughout the year
and to affiliate with the Amerioan Association for the Study of
Group Work, a continent-wide organization for social workers. This
Institute in Group Work was made possible by financial assistanoe
from the Welfare Counoil of Greater Vancouver, and was planned in
co-operation with the Professional Course in Social Work at the
In co-operation with the Canadian Legion Eduoational
Services,a short course in handicrafts was held for representatives
of Women's Divisions of the Western Air Command.  The course was
of two weeks' duration and offered training in such skills as
weaving, woodwork, needleoraft, lino-blook printing, leatheroraft, 60.
and hobby work in plastics. Those completing the course returned
to their stations throughout British Columbia as instructors.
Public Relations: Co-operation with other Organizations.
By arranging programmes of lectures and short oourses,
by supplying information and material, and through executive
guidance, the Department has assisted numerous organizations in
their educational work during the past year. Miss Dorothy
Somerset has been especially active in this work with her
instruction at the Y.M.C.A. So-Ed classes, her assistance to
the Labour Theatre of Vancouver in its "Shipyard Revue", her
adjudication of CB.C auditions and her association with the
Recreation Groups Council.
As an experiment a news sheet has been issued monthly.
This has been sent to secretaries of study groups and organizations
and to individuals interested in the University. Press releases
on examination results and other University activities are supplied
regularly to newspapers throughout the Province.
Through its work with radio forums, the Department has
given assistance to the Canadian Association for Adult Education,
the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Canadian Federation
of Agriculture, and the Department of Agriculture. Speoial
oourses were arranged for the Welfare Council of Greater Vancouver,
the Federal Department of Labour, the Canadian Legion Educational
Services, the B, C, Parent-Teacher Federation, and the American
Society for Metals, Help in a variety of ways was given to all
branches of the Armed Services.
In addition, the Director of the Department has been
actively associated with the following adult eduoation
organizations: Canadian Association for Adult Education; Canadian
Youth Commission; the National Film Board of Canada; the Vancouver
Institute; Adult Education Committee of the Vancouver Y.M.C.A.;
Provincial Nutrition Committee; National Farm Radio Forum;
Regional Committee, Canadian Legion Educational Services; and
the National Council of Citizens' Forums.
The absenoe of Mr. R. T. McKenzie. the Assistant to the
Director, and the many changes in staff during the past year have
increased the responsibility of those remaining in the Department.
Mr. George Greenwell, the field worker in charge of the co-operative
eduoational programme, resigned in March and has since joined the
Air Force, Miss Audrey Andrews, Assistant in charge of the Visual
Education Division, accepted a position as seoretary of the
B. C Industrial Research Counoil. Acknowledgments. 61.
The Director wishes to take this opportunity of
recording his appreciation of the assistance and co-operation
received from the President and the members of the governing
bodies of the University, and from his colleagues on the
Faculty,  The loyal co-operation of all members of the
staff of the Department is gratefully acknowledged.
Respectfully submitted,
Director of University Extension, 62.
The Health Service has had a busy year. Much of the
work is of a routine nature but at all times emphasis is placed
on prevention and the whole programme is designed to this end.
The physioal examination of new students in the Fall
is useful in determining health status and capacity for physical
exercise, and also in evaluating defects and recommending
remedial measures. The continued increase of student visits
to the office year by year Indicates the desire of the students
to discuss health problems. Students are encouraged to visit
the office and it is interesting to note that many of their
questions deal with community as well as personal health.
Prominent in our work is Communicable Disease Control.
The programme calls for the Tuberculin Testing of new students.
The Chest X-ray Service provided by the Provincial Board of Health
Division of T.B, Control has made it possible for positive
reactors and many others to be x-rayed. The control of Tuberculosis among University students is most important. Fortunately
there was no outbreak of Major Communicable Disease during the
year. Influenza was epidemic during December and January but
was fortunately of a mild character. Checking of contacts of
communicable disease has taken considerable time but it is
worthwhile in reducing wholesale dismissal beoause of contact,
which in many cases would be necessary if no health supervision
were available.  A considerable number of students have been
immunized against Smallpox, Diphtheria, Soarlet Fever, Typhoid
Fever and Tetanus.
We have had the utmost co-operation from the Army, Air
Force and Naval establishments at the University.  The C.O.T.C.
kindly provided quarters for the examination of new students and
we shared these quarters with the C.O.T.C, and the U.A.T.C,
during the Fall months. The C.O.T.C, U.A.T.C, and U.N.T.D. are
eaoh responsible for the examination of male students entering'
these various services. The respective Medical Officers provided
us with the results of the physical examinations, an arrangement
which satisfies University requirements. During the year dally
lists of students reporting sick were dispatohed to the Medical
Officers of various military groups.
The Compulsory Wartime Women's Training Course required
the re-examination of intermediate and senior students. This we
were glad to do.
First Aid and emergency accident servioes have been
Important items in the daily routine. During the year the Fire
Hall was set up as an emergency First Aid Station for after
hours. Minimum first aid equipment was also reoommended for various
buildings on the Campus from which accidents were most commonly
reported. 63.
Hard of hearing students were tested by the Audiometer.
This machine is routinely used in Vancouver schools to test for
deafness. The test is valuable in assessing the degree of hearing
loss and the need for further investigation and treatment.
A course of lectures on Communicable Disease Control and
Municipal Health Organization was given to students taking Sociology.
Our staff members also assisted the Department of Education in
giving several lectures on Health.
We ore indebted to the President, Faculty Members and
the Department of Nursing and Health for much timely advice and
assistance in the performance of our duties.  A full statistical
report of our activities has been made, of which the following is
a brief condensation.
Total number of students receiving a physical examination
- 1328, of which 975 were new students. New employees of the
Cafeteria Staff were also examined. In addition 550 men were
examined by the Medical Officers attached to the various military
There were a total of 11,926 visits to the office during
the year, or nearly five visits per University student. First Aid
treatments numbered 2806.
A total of 93 students were vaccinated against Smallpox.
Three students received Diphtheria Toxoid, 15 Scarlet Fever Toxin
and 79 Typhoid Paratyphoid Tetanus Vaccine,  In addition 26 students
received reinforcing doses of the various biological products.
Tuberculin tests numbered 879. It was found that the
positive tuberculin rate v/as 13.8$, while for new students only the
rate was 15.5$. A total of 519 individuals were x-rayed. Five new
cases of Tuberculosis wore discovered. One student had moderately
advanced active disease and left University for Hospital.  The
others wore allowed to continue, their activity being minimal and
apparently cured.  In addition, there are 20 other students
attending University who have had tuberculosis. These cases are
quiescent, arrested and apparently cured. Approximately 1$ of University students are found to have Tuberculosis, By constant check and
supervision it is possible for the vast majority of these students
to continue their academic courses.
Respectfully submitted,
Direotor of University Health Service. 64.
Required Programme.
Seventeen classes were scheduled during the session
1943-44 for C.O.T.C and U.N.T.D. men required to take one
hour of physical training each week.  The instructional staff
for this programme consisted of nine undergraduate members of
the C.O.T.C. supervised by the Assistant Director of Physical
Although it was fully recognized that such a limited
plan produced a questionable amount of physical fitness, physical
efficiency examinations were conducted and the men encouraged
to work toward certain standards.
Teacher Training.
Leotures and demonstrations in Health and Physical
Education were conducted three hours per week for students in
teacher training. This work, given under the Department of
Education, offered one hour of Health Education and two hours of
Physical Education each week. An effort was made to acquaint
those taking the courses with certain aims, objectives,
principles and methods that would give them an Insight into the
extensive problems of these two fields. These short courses were
open to any one taking Education and were not limited to
students with any particular qualifications in Health and
Physical Education.
Intramural Athletics.
The intramural sports calendar included twelve activities.
Sixteen teams took part in this programme, with an average of
over two hundred men participating each week.  The year's
programme Included the following athletic events: volleyball, *■-
basketball, cross country, swimming, track and field, touch
football, table tennis, snooker, badminton, golf and Softball.
Equipment and Facilities.
With the number for any one class set at the accepted
standard of 30, the time and space now available for men in
Physical education make it possible to provide adequately for
600 men once a week or 300 men twice a week.  (See outline on
page 65)■ Over 1,500 men were enrolled at the University during
the session 1943-44. It has been estimated that this number will
be Increased by one third in 1945.  With the present facilities 65.
equipment the following alternative plans are possible:
Time Table No. of Men  Estimated Under-   No. of Men
Accomodated graduate Male     not provided
Enrollment(1944-45) for.
Plan  1   Phys.Ed.     300       2,000 1,700
2 hrs. per
11   Phys.Ed.     600       2,000 1,400
1 hr. per
Plan 111  Recreation    600       2,000 1,400
The table shows the possibility of providing something
for 600 men, a modified programme for 300 men, or recreational
opportunities for 600 men without a teaching programme.  It is
also shown that well over fifty per cent, of the estimated
2,000 men will find it impossible to participate in any type
of programme.
Intercollegiate and Extra-mural Athletics.
With the possibility of the university athletic
programme assuming much greater proportions in the near future,
it is suggested that the advisability of adhering to certain
professional standards receive careful consideration. Particular
reference is made to the problems connected with coaching and the
relationship of a Physical Education Department to student
sponsored athletics.
The University authorities have been asked to'
consider the establishment of a Department of Physioal Education
which would offer a required programme and a degree oourse. The
reasons for such a request and the reorganization necessary are
included in the report of a joint oommittee of Senate and
Faculties on "The Manner In Which A Department of Physioal
Education May Be Set Up and Administered."  Assuming that this 66,
entire problem may require considerable time for discussion and
ways and means, the task of setting up a useful programme of any
type should receive immediate consideration.  Evidenoe set forth
elsewhere in this report attempts to outline the difficulties
which face Physical Education at this University regardless of the
authorized programme.
There are already returned men on the campus that can
not be accomodated. There are over 200 men on the campus that
need corrective exeroises who cannot be served. With the present
facilities it is not possible to organize and administer a scientific
programme in Physical Education for more than 300 men who are
organically sound.  In addition to these difficulties, the future
enrollment will include men who have had some phase of physical
training every day for a period of several years. To suddenly give
up suoh a routine will certainly lead to mental, emotional,
and physical breakdowns.
It is urged that the value of Physical Education be
recognized in helping to promote fitness, correct physioal
defeots and provide recreational opportunities; and that, where
possible, certain responsibilities be assumed by the University.
Respectfully submitted,
Assistant Director of Physical
Education. 67
The war work programme, Part A, requires every undergraduate woman student to take one hour a week of physical
activity. Over eight hundred women were registered and
assigned to classes; their medical cards were checked and their
attendance records kept.  Seven hundred and twenty-eight
women attended classes in morning periods and on Saturday
afternoon. Attendance records during the session were
satisfactory except In a few cases. These students were required
to complete the course before the end of the academic year.
Sixty-six women were given medical exemption from physical
activity. Under Ideal circumstances special classes should
be organized for students of this category.
Programme of Classes.
Activities were selected which would accomodate the
large number of students to the best advantage.  The present
facilities and staff and time table problems limit the programme
considerably. The programme was as follows:
Keep Fit Classes to develop balance, flexibility, agility,
strength and endurance were conducted to meet the needs of three
different groups: two senior classes (90 registrations) for
upper class women whose skill permitted advanced work; one for
nurses (52 registrations), many of whom were graduates
unaccustomed to regular strenuous exercise; and four freshman
classes (202 registrations), where basic work was given in
preparation for activity courses in the upper years.
In Badminton (105 registrations) there were two classes
for beginners and two for advanced players. In Archery (72
registrations) there were three classes for beginners. Two
classes in Volleyball (66 registrations) and one in Basketball
(25 registrations) provided for students desiring to learn these
games and also to learn to coach and referee them.
Two classes in Recreational Leadership (43 registrations)
provided oourses in theory of Play and Leadership as well as
practical work in various recreational activities. Courses were
also given in Rhythms and Dancing (73 registrations) for teachers
and leaders. This included practical work as well as theory.
The instructor was a member of the Women's Athletic
Directorate. She gave counsel, assistance and supervision in
the organization and conduct of various sport activities.      A 68.
greater amount of supervision and encouragement is highly
desirable in this phase of the women's programme.   The need
for increased facilities for women's sports is imperative.
An Intramural programme of four sports with eight
teams oompeting carried out a schedule of games at noon hours
from Ootober lst-March 31st.  Due to instruction periods in
these sports, as part of the required programme, the skill In
games played has improved. This in turn has created keener
competition and added interest* Over two hundred women took
part in the intramural games. Three teams finished the entire
series with only five points difference in total soore.
A swimming Meet was held in January. This is more fully
described later in the report.
A Recreation Period was conducted on Wednesday
Education Class.
The Education Class was given instruction in various
activities suitable for the school physical education programme.
The Physical Instructor had the following assistants
this year:
A qualified part time instructor in physical education
assisted In the teaching of classes.
Additional office help was provided.  (One student -
part time. One office helper - part time.  The
office staff assisted with administration and general
office duties. They kept attendance records, assisted
with the checking of health certificates, supervised
and repaired equipment and checked sports equipment
in and out.
Regularly appointed fully qualified instructors for
various activities and full time office staff are regarded as
essential for carrying on a programme in physical education for
as large a number of women students as the eight hundred
registered this year.
Future Programme.
It is recommended that the required programme for
women students be continued for the following reasons: 69
1.  The co-operation and enthusiasm of the women students
expressed through the satisfactory attendance records during
the year. Their unanimous vote to continue the programme at
the meeting of the Women's Undergraduate Society and Women's
Athletic Association in March, 1944.  The request for an
extension of the required programme and the organization of a
11.  A simple Physical Efficiency Test given in all Keep
Fit Classes in October and again at the end of March shows:
A need among the women students for physioal training.
A general improvement in ability,with regular exeroise
over a period of time.
The following specific results:
a  The percentage of passes in the simple test in
all Keep Fit Glasses was low in October, In
one olass it was as low as 54. The percentage
of passes in all classes increased markedly In
b) In October the class showing the highest
percentage of passes (72$) in the simple test
was a senior Keep Fit Class. Many of these
students had been in a Keep Fit Class the
previous year.
(c) In March the class showing the highest
percentage of passes in tho simple test was
Keep Fit 1 (80$) (Nurses Class),
(d) A freshman class (Keep Fit 7) had a reoord of
third plaoe in October and seoond plaoe in
March in the simple test. In an advanced test
in March, this class showed the greatest
proficiency of nil classes.
Ill,  A marked increase in participation of all sport
activities as demonstrated by:
a) The Intramural Programme as outlined previously
Two swimming meets had been held in the five years
prior to the organizing of the required programme.
Last year a successful meet was held.  This year
another meet was held with twice as many
contestants as last year.
(o) Basketball and Grass Hockey carried on as in former
years, but with a larger number of students attending
games and praotices more regularly.  Several
additional friendly matches were played in Vancouver
and Victoria. 70.
The first series of Softball games was played this
spring as part of the Intramural programme. Six teams -
nine women on a team - competed.
Tho recreation period on Wednesday afternoon provided
players with an opportunity for extra time in Archery,
Badminton, Ping Pong and Volleyball.
IV.  The realization amongst women students of the need for
professional courses in the field of Physical Education, Recreation
and Group Work.  The Government National Fitness scheme will
require many trained women for carrying out the plans. School
programmes demand that more women be qualified to teaoh physical
education and health, which are compulsory subjects in Elementary,
Junior and High Schools of this Province.  The present emergency of
wartime demands more workers than are available as leaders in
industrial recreation programmes, community centres, and various
typos of group work, to improve and maintain a higher standard of
health, to encourage a wise use of leisure time and to assist in
combating delinquency. Recent events indicate that this demand
for leaders and teachers will be more pronounced in the period
following the war.
Respeotfully submitted,
Instructor in Physical Education
for Women. 71
The University Naval Training Division was first
established at the University of British Columbia about
1st April, 1943.  This first Annual Report is, therefore,
extended to include the activities from that date.
The purpose of the U.N.T.D, is to provide Naval
Training for University students who are interested in
the Naval Service.  Students are enrolled as Ordinary
Seamen or Stokers Class 11, the lowest ratings in the
Executive and Technical Branches respectively.
The students are aotually attested in the Service on
Divisional Strength at H.M.C.S."Discovery" and are, in
effect, on leave without pay except the Bounty Pay for
individual training parades.  When the student leaves the
University for any reason he is called on Active Service.
The U.N.T.D. ratings are promised that they will
appear before a Preliminary Officers' Selection Board before
being called to Active Service. If accepted as Officer
Candidates, they proceed to advanced training as suoh. If
not accepted, they proceed as would any man enrolled in the
In April, 1943, students were offered the opportunity
of enlisting and taking Spring Training with the Navy instead
of with the Army.  On completion of the two weeks' training,
many men went directly on Active Service and the remainder
returned to the University in September, when new entries were
again enrolled.
The assignment of Bounty Pay was exactly the same as
for the C.O.T.C. and U.A.T.C  Each rating and officer received
five dollars, and the remainder was divided - 90$ to the
General Services Trust Fund and 10$ to U.N.T.D. Fund.
The unit paraded with the division at H.M.CS. "Disoovery"
at a Church Parade In November. The unit also participated
with the C.O.T.C and U.A.T.C. in the annual Cairn Ceremony
on 1st April, 1944, when President Klinck took the Maroh
Past Salute.
Lieut.Commander K. C, MoRae, Officer Commanding H.M.C.S,
"Discovery", inspected the Unit on 29th March, 1944.
The numbers of enlistments and Active Service calls are
listed in the following Record of Enlistments and Disposals: 72.
Sto,ll 0rd«Seaman TOTAL
Officer Candidate Officer Candidate
fmmmm*mmmm*mmmmmmm*mmmmmmjm i mm i i ill.     mmim)HH«m«mwmmmM«w«mww.
es No Yes    ~No
New Intrles April, 1943 30 72 102
Active Service May, 1943 21       1 22
Active Service before
September,1943 12       2 14
Discharged before Sept.,1943 2 2
Old hands returned 28             36 64
New entries 15            80 95
43           Ho* T59
Active Service by Jan,,1944 6       8 14
Discharged by Jan.,1944 4 4
On strength Apr11,1944 43            98 141
Active Service by May,1944 6          32      15 53
Discharged by May,1944 1 1
Active Service for Summer
Spring Training Camp 23 68 91
(Includes 11 who later went
Active Service.)
*z.    xraxnxng* •
In accordance with University requirements, six hours per
week were spent in servioe training and physical training. With
the oo-operation of the C.O.T.C, U.N.T.D. ratings took one hour
of physioal training per week with the C.O.T.C. oadets.
Training periods were two hours on Wednesday afternoon,
three hours on Saturday afternoon or Monday night, and one hour
The training syllabus, laid out by C.O.N.D. for all
U.N.T.D, ratings, is a three-year programme, with as little
repetition as possible from year to year.  During the 1943-44 73
period, only the first year training was given. Hereafter,
there will be two and then three training groups in the
The actual Instruction was given by Officers and
Instructors from the active service instructional staff at
H.M.C.S. "Discovery".  The first year training covered
that given to new entries at H.M.C.S."Discovery" in eight
weeks and much additional instruction of general Interest.
3. Spring Training Period.
No exemptions were granted from this training period
except to men who were going on Active Service for the
duration or for the five Summer months.
The U.N.T.D.'s of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta
and British Columbia Universities were trained at H.M.C.S.
"Naden", Esquimalt, B.C.   The training programme was
carefully laid out to fit the first year syllabus for both
Ordinary Seamen and Stokers.
Stokers in pre-final years were given the
opportunity to go on Active Service for the five Summer
months.  During this period, most of the men were assigned
to sea duty on Coastal Patrol or North Atlantic Convoy.
Respectfully submitted
H. M.McIlroy,
Lt.Cmdr.(S.B.) R.CN.V.R
CO., U.N.T.D., U.B.C. 74.
1. General.
This report oovers the activities of the U.B.C.
Contingent, C.O.T.C, for the fifth year of the war. This
is the first year in which all three branches of the Armed
Forces have been represented on the Campus. The University
Naval Training Division and the University Air Training
Corps were given accommodation in the CO.T.C,Armoury and
trained 152 ratings and 259 airmen respectively.
The 1943-44 training year was marked by an increase
in establishment to include a detached company at Victoria
College, This company consisted of 51 Other Ranks with
T/Major J. F, Herd as Acting Officer Commanding. On 1st
July, 1944, T/Capt. R. T. Wallace, a member of the staff of
Victoria College, was appointed Officer Commanding, Victoria
College Company of the C.O.T.C,
On the 22nd September, 1943, a $29,000,00 addition to
the Armoury was formally presented to the University and
aooepted on behalf of the Board of Governors by the late
Chancellor R. E, MoKechnie.  This addition provides space
for Q. M. Stores, training equipment, lecture rooms,
recreation room and offices for the training staff.
The Corps was formally inspected by Major General
J, P. McKenzle, Inspector General for Western Canada, on
11th March, 1944.
At the last parade of the year, 1st April, 1944, the
three services took part in the Annual Cairn Ceremony. The
salute was taken by President L, .3, Klinck. It was the
last parade of the three Units prior to President KLinok's
retirement in June, 1944.
Following the parade a banquet was held in the Hotel
Vancouver in honour of those members of the three Units who
were leaving for Active Service in the Navy, Army and R.C.A.F.
The men leaving for Active Service were honoured by addresses
from the late Chancellor R. E. McKechnie, Major General G. R.
Pearkes, V.C., D.S.O,,M.C.,G.0.C,-in-C, Pacific Command,
Commander G. 0. Baugh, O.B.E., R.C.N.R., Air Vice-Marshal
G. R. Howsam, M.C and President L. S. Klinck.
During the year 106 members of the C.O.T.C. volunteered
and were accepted for Active Service. The enlistments were
distributed among the three Services as follows:
Navy 14
Army 66
RCAF    26 2. Training.
Six hours per week were devoted to military and
physical training.  In addition, the Officers and N.C.O's
were required to attend at least one extra two-hour instructor's
parade per week. Although the greater part of the training
was done on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons, evening parades
were provided for those whose timetable and work made it
Impossible to attend during the day.
Two teams were entered in the February and March
competitions of the Dominion of Canada Rifle Association. One
of these teams was awarded a prize of five dollars. Cadet
E. J. Lee was high scorer on the winning team with 97 out of 100.
A number of Officers were prepared for theoretical
and practical qualifying examinations.
3« Camp.
Special arrangements were made by Major General G. R.
Pearkes for the Unit to attend Annual Camp at S. 16, Combined
Operations School at Courtenay, B.C.  The total-camp strength
was 485.  Leave was granted to 278 men who were unable, due
to special circumstances, to attend camp.
All ranks were very appreciative of the type of training
provided and were high in their praise of the co-operation by
the staff of the Combined Operations School, There is no
doubt that this was the most successful camp ever held by the
Unit.  This was demonstrated by the keen enthusiasm shown
by all ranks both before, during, and after the camp.
As in 1943, arrangements were made by the G.0,C.-in-C,
Pacific Command, to send a platoon of the CO.T.C, to S.17,
Canadian School of Infantry at Vernon, B.C,   This platoon
consisted of 36 other ranks under the command of 2/Lt. J.Carlilo.
They were given an opportunity to fire all types of Infantry
weapons and were very enthusiastic in their praise of the
4. Staff.
The authorized Administrative and Training Staff
consisted of two Officers and four Warrant Officers for training,
and one Officer, two Non-Commissioned Officers and three clerks
for administration.  Major J. P, G, MacLeod, D.S.O,, and
Captain R. F. Osborne served as Training Officers and Captain
S. E. Walmsley as Adjutant,
5. Discipline.
The discipline during the year was exoellent and all
ranks were commended on the spirit shown at parades and leotures
as well as at Annual Camp. 76.
6.  Acknowledgments.
The Commanding Officer wishes to record his thanks
and appreciation for the assistance and co-operation
afforded him by the late Chancellor, the President of
the University, the General Officer Commanding Paoifio
Command, the Commanding Officer 39th (R) Brigade Group,
the University Committee on Military Education, the
Commanding Officers of the U.N.T.D. and the U.A.T.C.
and by all ranks of the Contingent.
Respectfully submitted,
G.M.Shrum), M.M,,Lt.-Col.,
Officer Commanding,
U.B.CContingent, C.O.T.C. 7  -Pt?]s OFFICER COMMANDING
1. General.
On June 28, 1943, an agreement was signed by the
Department of National Defence for Air and the Board of
Governors of the University regarding the establishment of
a unit of the University Air Training Corps (now known as
"University Air Squadrons") on this Campus.
At the same time Captain J, Allen Harris (COTC),
Associate Professor of Chemistry, was reoommended as
Commanding Officer of the new unit.  This reoommendation
was approved by A.F.H.Q., and the above named officer was
commissioned in the R.C.A.F, as Squadron Leader.
Subsequently Assooiate Professor William Ure of the
Department of Chemistry and Professor Walter H, Gage of
the Department of Mathematics were commissioned as Flight
In August the three officers attended courses in
Alberta, S/L J.Allen Harris taking the Offioer's Qualifying
Course at Maoleod, Alberta, and Flight Lieutenants W.H.Gage
and W. Ure taking the Navigation Instructor's Course at
Calgary, Alberta.
During the first term, owing to a larger enlistment
than anticipated, it was necessary to have another officer
Instructor, and Associate Professor D. C B. Duff of the
Department of Bacteriology was commissioned as Flight
2, Enlistments.
Only students of Aircrew medical standard may be
enlisted in the U.A.S. - although permission was obtained
to enroll some 30 others as technical personnel, The
figures below are self explanatory.
Applications for enlistment ...,.,... 328
Rejected on Medical Grounds  ,  69
Enlisted Airmen ,  259
Transferred from other units ,  1
Total O.R.'s  260
U.A.S. Of fleers  ,.... ». 4
R.C.A.F.Off leers  1
R%CA.F. N.C.O.s   ,  2,
Total All- Ranks 2o7 78.
3. Disposition of Personnel.
Enlisted for Active Service  54
Unable to meet new requirements, Active Service 13
Assigned to Army or Navy as Technical
Personnel   9
Assigned to Industry on Graduation 18
Discharged for Disciplinary Purpose............ 2
Strength - O.R.s - August 31, 1944
4. Training.
The University requirements of 6 hours Military
Training per week were rigorously met and the 1st year
syllabus of the U.A.S, training programme completed.
Instructors in the various courses were:
Navigation - Mathematics  F/L*s W. Ure and
W, H. Gage
Air Force Law -Organization
Discipline, etc.        S/L J. A. Harris and
F/L G. A. Mills
Signals F/L D, C B, Duff an
F/0 D. M. Hogarth
Aircraft Recognition F/0 D. M. Hogarth
Airmanship F/0 D. M. Hogarth
P.T. & Drill F/S D. S. Sisk
F/L G,A.Mills was an effeotive Administrative Officer,
and F/s C Vels an efficient Orderly Room Sergeant.
5. Camp.
201 airmen and 2 officers attended the summer oamp
training. For this training No. 6 Squadron, U.A.S., was
joined by No. 23 Squadron, U.A.S., Victoria, B.C., and
travelled in Special Colonist Cars as a unit to Calgary.
At this point the party was broken down into three groups,
the first proceeding to No. 19 S.F.T.S., at Vulcan, under
Command of F/L D.C.B.Duff of University of British Columbia,
the seoond to No. 15 S.F.T.S., at Claresholm, under S/L
W.G.Fields of Victoria College, and the third to No. 7
S.F.T.S., at Maoleod, under the command of S/L J.A.Harris,
of University of British Columbia. This latter arrangement
was made as a result of the unfortunate illness of F/L w.Ure,
who had originally planned to take over command of one of the
units, and left S/L J.A.Harris, as commanding officer of the
party, free to move between all stations.  However, it was
possible for the CO. to fly to the other stations occasionally
to keep in touch with training progress. 79
Due to the exceedingly high pressure of aoademic
duties Flight Lieutenant W. H. Gage was granted offioial leave
to be absent from camp.
While there was naturally some difference between
the training schedules at the various stations the Syllabus
of the training at the Maoleod station gives an indication
of the work done.
The keenness of the airmen at the various stations
Is evidenced by the fact that the group at No, 7 S,F.T,S, won
the coveted station pennant for the smartest barrack block on
the station for the week during which the A.O.C. made his
regular inspection.  The Commanding Officer of the station
was kind enough to present the group with a special pennant
to hang in the Orderly Room,
6. Examinations.
Examinations set by the R.C.A.F. were held during
the last two days of camp. The results are published below:
Number writing  186
Passed   112
Passed with Supps  66
Failed   8
Several airmen were allowed to return to Vanoouver for
graduation and so did not write their examinations,
7. Extra Currloular Activities.
On October 30th the University celebrated its annual
homecoming and the U.A.S, co-operated with the other services
in staging a demonstration for the visiting graduates, Later in
the term the unit also took part in staging parades for the
National Film Board's "Universities at War".
President L. 3. Klinck inspected the Squadron on
November 27th, 1943, its first official parade.  Group Captain
C H. Flinn represented the A.O.C.
Air Vice Marshal G. R. Howsam, MC, paid an informal
visit on 23rd February, 1944, and the finar~inspection was held
on 25th March,1944, by Group Captain C. H. Flinn and S/L W.M,
Bowman, after which a reoeption was held in the Offioer's Mess,
The last official function before camp was the
farewell dinner in the Hotel Vancouver for all students leaving
for active service, and their fathers.   Air Vice Marshal G. R.
Howsam,MC, flew from Calgary especially for this occasion. 8. Guest Speakers.
During the year the unit was privileged to be addressed
by Brigadier P, C. Tees, who had returned from 3 years in
England; Wing Commander E, F, J. Charles, DSO, DFC, also
gave an interesting account of operations over Europe, while
Squadron Leader K, B, Forster, DFC, spoke on team work in an
9. Social Functions.
On 4th March, 1944, in the Brock Memorial Hall, the
Squadron held the first of what is hoped will be a series of
Annual Balls. Music was supplied by the orohestra of Western
Air Command. Some 200 couples were afterwards entertained
for supper in the officers' mess through the kindness of
Lt. Col. G. M. Shrum,MM.
10. Acknowledgments.
The Commanding Officer is extremely grateful for the
help and co-operation he received from many sources. It would
be impossible to enumerate them all but special mention should
be made of Lt. Col. G. M. Shrum.MM. Senior Offioer Conmanding
the University Services, not only for the provision of
excellent training quarters but for his helpful advice.  The
co-operation of President L, 3, Klinok and the Military
Committee of the University was also deeply appreciated.
The Squadron wishes to express its sincere thanks to the
A.O.C. of Western Air Command, particularly for the use of the
band and orchestra whenever requested', and to Flight Sergeant
Micelli, its capable leader.
The officers and staff of No. 1 Heoruiting Centre, No 3
Repair Depot and No, 2 Equipment Depot all co-operated
Lastly the personal interest taken in the unit by Major
General G, R. Pearkes, VC CB DSO MC, G.O.C, in C. Paoiflo
Command, and Air Vice Marshal G. R. Howsam, MC, Air Offioer
Commanding No. 4 Training Command,Calgary, was a oonstant
source of inspiration.
Respectfully submitted,
J.Allen Harris) S/L
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine
Abstraot: Baoterlal food poisoning. Digest of treatment 7:
January 1944.
Abstract: Observations on the antigenic properties of
staphylococcus enterotoxin. Canadian journal of public health
35.92-3 February 1944-
RANTA, L.E. and Dolman, CE.
Abstraot: A mouse protection test for cholera vaocine. Canadian
journal of public health 35*92 February 1944.
Department of Chemistry
SEYER, W.F., Patterson, R. E., and Keays, J.L.
The density and transition points of the n-paraffin hydrocarbons.
American chemical society. Journal 66:179~-82 February 1944-
The Molecular Complexity of Some Gases in the High Frequency
Discharge. Electrochemical society. Transactions, 84:109-20 1943.
HpOLEY, J.G., Hicks, J.F,, and Stephenson, C.C.
The heat capacity of carbon tetrachloride from 15 to 300°Kj the
heats of transition and of fusion; the entropy from thermal
measurements compared with the entropy from molecular data.
American chemical society. Journal 66:1064-7 July 1944.
Department of Classics
Review: Yale classical studies, volume 8. Classical philology
8:61-3 January 1944-
Department of Commerce
Aiding Trans-Canada airways. Public affairs 7:144-7 June 1944-
Rate control of public utilities in British Columbia. Canadian
journal of economics and political science 10:381-90 August 1944.
Department cf Fconomlcs, Political Science andSociology
British Columbia and its people. Ottawa, King's printer,1945*
(Canada, Wartime information board. Canadian affairs vol.2
no. 1) 19 p. 82,
Department of Economics. Political Science and Sociology (Continued)
SMITH, Marjorie
Rural case work services. New York, Family welfare association
of America, 1943. 62 p.
Canadian penal institutions. Revised edition. Toronto, Ryerson
press, 1943-
Recent trends in Canadian penal institutions. Prison world 6:4
July-August 1944-
Department of Education
The unit method of teaching in the secondary school. School
(Secondary edition) 32:114-17 October 1943.
The remedial reading program. Wilson library bulletin 18:160-3
October 1943.
Reporting pupil progress, School (Elementary and secondary
editions) 32:285-9 December 1943.
TYLER, F.T., and Chalmers, T.M,
The effect on scores of warning junior high school pupils of
ooming tests. Journal of educational researoh 37.290-6
December 1943-
Department of Geology and Geography
Geological reconnaissance along the Alaska highway from Fort
Nelson, B.C. to Watson Lake, Yukon. Ottawa, King's printer,
1944.  (Canada. Geological survey. Paper 44-28 with map)
The stratigraphy and palaeontology of Hong Kong and the New
Territories. Royal society of Canada. Transaction ser 3,37,
sec. 4:93-118 1943.
Stratigraphy and structure in Mount Hulcross-Commotion Creek
map-area British Columbia. Summary account by R.T.Wickinden
and G. Shaw - an appraisal. Western miner 17:47-8 August 1944.
Geology and prospecting. Miner 17:27-9 February 1944.
WARREN, H.V. and Thompson, R.M.
Indium in British Columbia. Miner 16:39-40 December 1943.
Tin in western Canada. Western miner 17:40-6 August 1944. 83.
Department of History
Amor De Cosmos, journalist and politician. British Columbia
historical quarterly 8:189-212 July 1944.
Frederic William Howay, 1867-1943. Canadian historical review
24:448-9 December 1943.
Frederic William'Howay (1867-1943): historian of British Columbia.
British Columbia historical quarterly 8:4-5 January 1944.
Graduate training in Canadian universities with special reference
to the requirements for the M.A, and Ph.D. degrees.  Ottawa,
Canadian social science research council, January 1944. 40 p.
THRUPP, Sylvia
The problem of conservatism in fifteenth century England
Speculum 18:363-8 July 1943.
Review: Mowat, R.B, and Slosson, Preston. History of the
English-speaking peoples. American journal of sociology 50:154
September 1944.
Department of Mathematics
The geopolitical relationship of Canada to the rest of the world
(In Fitzgibbon, Russell H., ed. Global politics. Berkeley,
University of California press, 1944. p. 79-89)
Periodic and asymptotic orbits in a five-body problem, Canadian
journal of research 22 sec A:l-25 January 1944.
Periodic orbits for four finite bodies with repulsive and
attractive forces. Royal society of Canada. Transactions
ser 3, 37, sec. 3:1-7 1943.
An arithmetical identity. Royal society of Canada. Transactions
ser 3, 37, sec. 3:9-11 1943.
Department of Philosophy and Psychology
British Columbia students discuss life and religion  United
Church observer 6:5, 24 March 1, 1944.
The discussion on religion and life at the University of British
Columbia. Western recorder 19:3-4 February 1944.
The psychological analysis of wartime rumor patterns in Canada.
Canadian psychological association. Bulletin 3:40-4 October 1943.
Psychology - a guide to reading. Ottawa, Canadian legion
educational services, June 1944. 20 p. 84.
Department of Philosophy and Psychology (Continued)
Religion and life. Graduate chronicle (The University of British
Columbia) p. 26-7 March 1944.
Social change and education. Graduate chronicle (The University
of British Columbia) 5J2-7 October 1943.
Department of Physios
The synthesis of light. American journal of physios 12$232
August 1944.
PETRIE, William
The temperature of the solar ohromosphere. Royal astronomical
society of Canada. Journal 38:137-42 April 1944.
Applied electron microscopy. Canadian journal of research
21 sec A:89-98 November 1943.
Line intensities and solar curve of growth. Astrophyslcal
journal 99:249-55 May 1944.
Department of Zoology
Aspergillosis in a Thayer gull. Murrelet 24:29 May-August 1943
Economic status of the pheasant on the cultivated lands of the
Okanagan valley, British Columbia. British Columbia. Department
of provincial game commission. Report 1942: M49-M62 1943.
Notes on the life history and morphology of cephenemyia jellisoni
Townsend and lipoptena depressa Say, two dipterous parasites of
the Columbiam black-tailed deer (odocoileus hemionus columbianus
(Richardson) Canadian journal of research 21 sec D:171-87 June
A note on mites (Acarina) and aspergillus (fungus) in baled
mouldy hay. Entomological society of British Columbia. Proceedings 40:9-10 September 1943.
On the oviposition habits of the Australian cookroaoh, periplaneta
australasiae (Fabr). Entomological society of British Columbia.
Proceedings 40:29-30 September 1943.
Some records of long-legged flies from British Columbia (diptera:
dolichopodidae). Entomological society of British Columbia.
Proceedings 40:24-5 September 1943. B5.
Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Cascading of induction motors mechanically coupled to A.C
commutator motors. Franklin institute. Journal 236:167-90
August 1943.
Department of Horticulture
Some effects of micro-elements on growth and storage of
carrots and turnips. American society for horticultural
science. Proceedings 43: 219-24 1943.
Department of Poultry Husbandry
BIELY, Jacob
The avian leucosis complex. A note on avian osteopetrosis.
Canadian journal of comparative medicine 7:276-9 September 1943.


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