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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ended August 31st,… 1941

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Array REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
JJUix  Ilia AlfJkDWllL)   xJSItxt Emlj&D
AUGUST 51st.  1940.
pr.tf.HlYafl''*11 CONTENTS
PAGE
Report of the President:
I GENERAL:
Introduction ,., ,,,  1
Teaching Staff , , , ,.,  \
New Appointments .,,... ,..,..., 1
Promotions ...,., ......,, Z
Resignations  5
Leaves of Absence. ..,.,.,  3
Appointment Necessitated by Leave of Absence.  3
Retirements under the Annuity Plan....,...,,..,,,.,.,. 3
Appointment of Emeritus Professors .....,, t *. 5
Re-appointments Following Attainment of Retirement
Age ,  5
Obituaries  5
Honorary Degrees ,, ...» 6
EGLection of Representatives of Senate on the
Board of Governors.  6
Resignations of Members of the Board of Governors  6
Appointments to the Board of Governors  7
Recognition of the Chancellor's Fiftieth Anniversary
in the Practice of the Medical Profession..  7
II THE YEAR WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY:
Retirement Age for Members of the Staff. ,,.. 7
Compulsory Retirement Age for Employees  8
Accrediting of High Schools  8
Science Courses for University Entrance.......  8
..Establishment of a Department of Agricultural
Economics.........  9
Action on Requests for the Establishment of New Units
of Instruction.  ♦  9 CONTENTS (Continued) : p^gE
Workers' Educational Classes..,  9
Comment on the Report of the Director of
Univers ity Extension ..,...,. 10
Educational Programme for British Columbia
Fishermen. , .,., xo
Rural Leadership School ,, 10
Expiration of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant
for Nursing and Health  10
Projects under the Special Grant for Researoh ,, 11
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Plan Bursaries... 11
Opening of the Brock Memorial Building , 12
~ Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance,
Waived ,  12
Registration and Accommodation.  12
III    THE UNIVERSITY IN WARTIME:
The Policy of the University an Evolving Policy,.... 13
Co-operation with Government  Departments,....,....,. 13
Courses in Home Nursing and First Aid  14
War Course s ,..»...,.,  14
Increased Activities of the Canadian Officers'
Training Corps  14
Credits for CO.T.C, and for Men who Enlist for
War Service , • 14
Compulsory Military Training Advocat ed  15
Conclusion  3-5
IV REPORTS OF FACULTIES AND DEPARTMENTS:
Report of the Registrar:
Registration. •• ............. 16
Nationalities of Students  17
Geographical Distribution of Students ,  17
Occupations of Parents  17 CONTENTS (Continued) PAGE
Location of Graduates ....,,....#...,.,, 17
Comparative Statement of Attendance, Sessions
1931-32 to 1939-4-0 ,  18
Comparative  Statement  of Degrees Conferred,
Sessions 1931-32 to 1939-40 ,. 19
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued,
Sessions 1931-32 to 1939-40 , 20
Scholarships,   Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded
to Graduates , , 21
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science.,,, 23
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Soience  31
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture......... 34
Report of the Dean of Women ..,.,,.. 38
Report of the Director of the Summer Session , ,, 40
Excerpts from the Report of the Director of University
Extension ,  41
Report of the Director of the University Health Service.. 45
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education for Men... 52
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education for
Women  54
Report of the Officer Commanding Canadian Officers'
Training Corps, University of British Columbia
Contingent • • • 56
V PUBLICATIONS  63 1.
REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT
GENERAL:
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
Gentlemen:
I have the honour to submit the following
report on the work of the University for the academic
year ended August 31st, 1940:
Teaching Staff:
The numbers in the teaching staff for the
academic year 1939-40, were as follows:
Deans of Faculties  3
Profe ss ors  39
Associate Professors—  20
Assistant Professors  28
Lecturers.   9
Instructors  13
Honorary Lecturers      6
Part-time Lecturers  31
Assistants  74
TOTAL    223
New Appointments:
Wilbert A. Clemens, M.A. (Toronto) , Ph.D. (Cornell) , F.R.S.C.,
Professor and Head of the Department of Zoology.
David H. Russell, B.Sc, M.Ed. (Sask.), Ph.D. (Columbia) ,
Associate Professor of Education.
John C Berry, M.S.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Iowa State College),
Assistant Professor of Animal Husbandry.
Francis E. L. Priestley, M.A. (Alberta) , Ph.D. (Toronto) ,
Assistant Professor of English.
Miss Mary Dorothy Mawdsley, B.A. (McGill) , M.A. (Brit.Col.) ,
Ph.D.(Chicago), Assistant Professor of English. 2.
George M. Volkoff, M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(California),
Assistant Professor of Physics.
Thomas G0 Wright, B.F,(Pennsylvania State Forest School),
M.F.(Duke), Special Lecturer in the Department of
Forestry.
Wilbur H. Goss, B.S.. Ph.D.(Washington), Lecturer in the
Department of Physics.
C Rulon Jeppesen, Ph.D.(California), Lecturer in the Department of Physics.
Miss Geraldine Homfray, R.N., B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), M.A.
(Peabody), Instructor in the Department of Nursing and
Health (under the Rockefeller Foundation Grant).
F„ Me Clement, B.S.A. (Toronto), M.A. (Wisconsin), relinquished
the Headship of the Department of Horticulture and was
appointed Professor and Head of the Department of Agricultural
Economics.
Promotions:
Dr. Aid en F. Barss from Professor to Professor and Head of«'
the Department of Horticulture.
Mr. John A. Irving from Professor to Professor and Acting-
Head of the Department of Philosophy and Psychology.
Dr. David G. Laird from Associate Professor to Professor of
Agronomy.
Dr. Joseph A0 Crumb from Lecturer to Associate Professor in the
Department of Economics, Political Science and Sociology.
Mrs Frank A, Forward from Assistant Professor to Associate
Professor of Metallurgy.
Dr. J. Allen Harris from Assistant Professor to Associate
Professor of Chemistry.
Dr. Harry V. Warren from Assistant Professor to Associate
Professor of Mineralogy and Petrography.
Dr, Braham G. Griffith from Instructor to Assistant Professor
of Forestry.
Dr. Alexander Hrennikoff from Instructor to Assistant Professor
of Civil Engineering.
Mr, Edward S. Pretious from Instructor to Assistant Professor
of Civil Engineering.
Mr. Archie Peebles from Instructor to Assistant Professor of
Civil Engineering.
Miss Olga Okulitch from Assistant to Instructor in the Department
of Dairying. Resignations:
Ira Dilworth, B.A.(McGill), A.M.(Harvard). Professor of English.
Oscar E. Anderson, M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(California),
Assistant Professor of Physics.
Miss Fyvie Young, R.N., B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), M.A. (Columbia),
Instructor in the Department of Nursing and Health (under the
Rockefeller Foundation Grant).
Leaves of Absence:
Walter H. Gage, Associate Professor of Mathematics, from
September 1st, 1939, to June 30th, 1940.
Alexander Hrennikoff, Instructor in the Department of Civil
Engineering, for the Session 1939-40.
Capt. J. F. Bell, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, from March l6th to
August 1st, 1940.
Appointment Necessitated by Leave of Absence:
J. Maurice Kingston, M.A.(Western Ontario), Ph.D.(Toronto),
Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics during the absence
of Mr. W. H. Gage.
Retirements under the Annuity Plan:
Dr. H. T. J. Coleman.
Dr. H. T. J. Coleman, Head of the Department of Philosophy
and Psychology, and for a number of years Dean of the Faculty of
Arts and Science, retired upon the completion of twenty years of
service to the University.  Shortly after the Summer School was
organized, Dr. Coleman was appointed Director. Here his wide
experience in summer schools elsewhere was of great assistance to
the University in determining the range and content of the courses
offered. The good wishes of his former associates go with Dr.
Coleman as he enters upon his retirement which, all hope, will
afford him ample leisure for the exercise of his literary talents.
Dr. C. McLean Fraser,
In the retirement of Dr. C. McLean Fraser from the Headship of the Department of Zoology, the University lost the services
of an efficient departmental administrator, an unusually well-
informed and inspiring lecturer, and a productive scholar whose 4.
'numerous scientific publications have done much to enhance the
reputation of the University of British Columbia, not only in
Canada, but throughout the English-speaking world and beyond.
His many friends in the University wish him continued good health
that he may pursue, unhampered by administrative and lecture-
room duties, his scientific investigations in those fields in
which he has long been the recognized authority.
Dr. Paul A. Boving.
Another distinguished Professor who was lost to the
University during the year through superannuation was Dr, Paul A.
Boving who, for many years, was Professor and Head of the Department of Agronomy until ill health forced him to relinquish part of
the duties of this dual position. A human, friendly man, at home
in any company, he has made friends for the University in nearly
every town and hamlet in the Province of British Columbia, while
his breadth of scholarship, range of interests and brilliance as
a lecturer have gained for him within the University a host of
friends who wish for him in his retirement many years of joyous,
creative living.
Mr. John Ridington.
In August, 1940, Mr. Ridington retired from the librarian-
ship of the University. The library in its many-developments, in
its organization, its administration and, in fact, the building
itself, bears witness to the foresight, the energy and the wisdom
of the man who for more than twenty-five years devoted himself with
such singleness of purpose to its balanced expansion and to increasing its usefulness to the staff and students. The good wishes
of the entire University community follow Mr. Ridington in his
retirement.
Lieut.-Colonel F. A. Wilkin.
A highly-regarded associate professor to join the ranks
of those who retired during the year was Lieut.-Colonel F. A. Wilkin,
who served the University long and acceptably as a member of the
Department of Civil Engineering and who for several years was Acting-
Head of the Department.  During his period of service in the University, Colonel Wilkin endeared himself alike to students and to
colleagues, all of whom wish him many years of pleasure and
satisfaction in the less strenuous life which retirement imposes.
Captain J. F. Bell.
Captain J. F„ Bell, who, under the annuity plan was due
to retire in August, was recalled to the Royal Canadian Navy in
March. The Board of Governors, in granting Captain Bell leave of
absence to re-enter this branch of the nation's service for which he is so eminently fitted by virtue of his past training and
experience in the Royal,  and Royal Canadian Navies,  conveyed to
him their thanks for his long and efficient service to the
University.
Appointment of Emeritus Professors:
As indicated above, the year 1939-40 witnessed the
retirement  of several members of the professorial and administrative
staffs.    For distinguished services rendered to the University over
a period of twenty or more years,   Dr.   C. McLean Fraser, upon reaching
the retirement  age, was made Emeritus Professor of Zoology,  and Dr.
Paul A,  Boving was made Emeritus Professor of Agronomy.    Mr.  John
Ridington, who had been given several terms of re-appointment after
he had reached the superannuation age, was made Emeritus Librarian.
Re-appointments Following Attainment  of Retirement Age:
Dr.  H.  T.   J.  Coleman, Professor and Head of the Department
of Philosophy and Psychology, was re-appointed from the date of
his retirement on February 1st,   1940,  to May 15th,  1940.
The appointment of Mr.   John Ridington,  Librarian, who had
been re-appointed upon reaching the retirement  age in 1936,  was
further continued from April 18th to August 31st,  1940.
Obituaries:
Dr.  Henry Esson Young.
On October 24th,  1939, there occurred the death of one
who had played an important part in the early history of the
University - Dr. Henry Esson Young.    At the time of his death,  Dr
Young was Director of the Provincial Board of Health.
The Board of Governors,  in recording their deep sense
of loss at his passing, paid tribute to his vision,  his energy and
his zeal for education in planning the University of British
Columbia which,  in large measure,  owes to him its very founding;
for it was during Dr.  Young's tenure of office as Minister of
Education that the University Act was passed, that a land endowment
for the support of the University was set aside,  that the present
site for the University was selected, the first President appointed
and a beginning made for the erection of buildings at Point Grey. 6.
Mr. Walter B. Bishop.
By the sudden passing of Mr. Walter B. Bishop on June 20th,
1940, the University suffered a distinct loss. Mr. Bishop had for
many years served the University as Instructor in Metallurgy, and
his death was deeply regretted by many students and colleagues who
esteemed him highly for his many sterling qualities.
Dr. John Gerald FitzGerald,
In recording the losses sustained by the University
during the year, mention must be made of the passing of Dr, John
Gerald FitzGerald who was, for many years, the kindly and efficient
Director of the Connaught Laboratories at the University of Toronto.
Although not officially connected with the University
of British Columbia, Dr, FitzGerald nevertheless made a distinct
contribution to its efficiency when, through his efforts, there was
established on this campus the Western Division of the Connaught
Laboratories,- an achievement which will remain a memorial to his
interest in Medical Research and to his fine spirit of inter-
university co-operation.
Honorary Degrees:
The degree of LL.D, (Honoris Causa) was conferred upon
the Honourable Eric Werge Hamber, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province
of British Columbia, at the Twelfth Autumn Congregation on October
25th, 1939.
At the same Congregation Professor Paul Axel Boving,
Emeritus Professor of Agronomy, also received the degree of LL.D,
(Honoris Causa).
Election of Representatives of Senate on the Board of Governors:
On October 5th, 1939, the following members of Senate
were elected as representatives of the Senate on the Board of
Governors:
Mr. Sherwood Lett
Miss A. B, Jamieson
Dr. Evlyn F. Farris
Resignations of Members of the Board of Governors:
During the year the University lost the services of three
valued members of the Board of Governors. General Victor W. Odium
and Colonel Sherwood Lett resigned as members of the Board to take up military duties. Mr, Lett, however, retained his Connection
with the University through his elective membership on Senate.
The Board expressed its deep appreciation of the efficient
service rendered by these two gentlemen and extended best
wishes for their success and safe return.
The third member of the Board to tender his resignation
was Mr, Samuel H. Shannon. Mr. Shannon had served as a Governor
since his appointment to this important position in 1935.
Appointments to the Board of Governors:
In July, 1940, Mr. William George Murrin was appointed
as a member of the Board of Governors to complete the term for
which General Victor W, Odium had been appointed, namely, until
August 27th, 1943.
Following the resignation of Mr. Sherwood Lett, Mr.
Arthur E. Lord was elected to succeed him as representative of
the Senate on the Board of Governors for the remainder of the
time of Mr, Lett's appointment, namely, until September 13th,
1941.
Recognition of the Chancellor's Fiftieth Anniversary in the
Practice of the Medioal Profession:
On April 29th, 1940, the Chancellor, Dr. R. E.
McKechnie, celebrated his fiftieth anniversary in the practice
of medicine. To the scores of congratulations received by
Dr. McKechnie on this occasion, the Board of Governors were
happy to add their tribute of respect and admiration for one
who, while rendering distinguished service to his profession,
had always given freely of his time to the unhurried consideration of the affairs of the University.
Retirement Age for Members of the Staff:
Although the practice of the Board of Governors in
retiring professors upon the attainment of the retirement
age was generally understood by members of the staff, the
Board of Governors, to prevent any possible misunderstanding,
passed the following resolution on February 26th, 1940:
"RESOLVED, That all members of the staff be advised
in writing that the policy of the Board of Governors
with respect to the retirement of staff members is
as follows: 8.
1. "The retiral age for all members of the staff
(other than those certain members who were
with the University at the time the plan of
annuities and insurance was adopted, and whose
retiral age was then set at 68, 67 or 66) is 65.
2, "The appointment terminates, and the payment of
salaries is discontinued, when the retiral age
is reached."
Compulsory Retirement Age for Employees:
As participation in the annuity plan, which came into
operation in 1939, was optional for members of the clerical and
mechanical staffs, and as no retirement age had been set for
members other than those participating in the superannuation
scheme, the Board of Governors adopted as its policy the compulsory retirement of employees at the age of 65, except for a
few of the older members of the present staff.
Accrediting of High Schools:
For the year 1937-38, as recorded in the President's
Report for that year, approval was given by the Faoulties and the
Senate, without prejudice, to the accrediting of High Schools for
University Entrance in a limited and experimental form as proposed
by the High School Accrediting Board, The University was represented on this Board by two members of Faculty.
During the intervening period an exhaustive study was
made by this Board on the matter of accrediting with respect to
the requirements of University Entrance. In October, 1939, the
scheme finally recommended by the Accrediting Committee for the
accrediting of High Schools was adopted by Senate.
Science Oourses for University Entrance:
Another matter which was given careful consideration by
a group of representatives of the University in co-operation with
representatives of the Provincial Department of Education was that
pertaining to requirements in Science for University Entrance
and Senior Matriculation.
On the recommendation of the Joint Committee, "General
Science" was adopted by Senate on May 8th, 1940. By this regulation,
credit in the First Year in the University can be given for Senior
Matriculation "Physical Sciences", but this credit does not meet
the Science requirements for students proceeding to oourses in the
University in Arts and Science, Science Majors; Applied Scienoe;
Nursing; or Agriculture. Establishment of a Department of Agricultural Economics:
During the year the Department of Agricultural Economics
in the Faculty of Agriculture was established.    The constitution
of this Department did not  involve the offering of new courses,
or a change in lecturers;  but existing courses in Agricultural
Economics, which were formerly under the Department of Economics,
Political Science and Sociology, were given the status of a
Department under the Headship of Dean F. M.  Clement.
Action on Requests for the  Establishment  of New Units of Instruction:
During the period under review very considerable progress
was made in determining the wishes and requirements of the University's constituency for the establishment of new major divisions
of instruction.    Numerous fairly exhaustive reports were prepared
which were based on requests received from learned societies and
from representative groups of citizens asking that the Senate and
the Board of Governors establish new faculties,  schools,  institutes,
departments or courses.    Specific requests were made for the
establishment of a Faculty of Law;   a College or School of Pharmacy; \
an Institute for Research in the Social Sciences;  a Pre-Medical
Course;  and the re-establishment of the  course in Home Economics.
After careful consideration the Senate recommended to the
Board of Governors that,   "if and when funds are available, the
course  in Home Economics be re-established prior to the establishment of any other course".    The Senate also recommended "the
establishment of a Faculty of Law,  second in priority among the
five courses considered,  if and when funds permit."
With respect to the request for the establishment of an
Institute for Research in the  Social Sciences,  for the establishment
of a School of Pharmacy and for the  extension of the Pre-Medical
courses as at present  set out  in the calendar,  the Senate recommended
that these be not established at the present time.
When the matter was placed before the Board of Governors,
the recommendations of Senate were laid on the table until the
Estimates for  1941-42 were being prepared.  While the Board's further
action does not come within the period of this report,  it might
be recorded that,  at the time of writing,  funds for the proposed
oourses in Home Economics and Law were not  available.
Workers'  Educational Classes:
During the year 1939-40, through special grants provided
by the University and the Provincial Department of Education, |
Workers' Educational Classes were offered under the direction of       I
the Department of University Extension,    Members of the Vancouver
District Workers'  Educational Association expressed deep appreciation
of these courses. 10.
Comment on the Report of the Director of University Extension,:
As in previous years, this report recorded so many
important developments in the field of Adult Education that the
Board of Governors authorized its being printed separately for
general distribution. On pages 41 - 44 of this report appear
four of the sixteen divisions which comprise the original report
of the Director. Of these, two are of outstanding importance,
namely: the Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen,
and the Rural Leadership School.
Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen:
During the past year the Department of University Extension,
in co-operation with the Dominion Department of Fisheries, inaugurated
a programme of adult education for British Columbia fishermen. St.
Francis Xavier University generously loaned to the Extension Department for a period of several months, two of its ablest and most
experienced extension lecturers to organize this educational service
for those of the fishermen who were desirous of improving their
standard of living through co-operative action.
The response on the part of the fishermen was immediate
and the interest so sustained as to constitute one of the outstanding
achievements of the Department of University Extension.  A more
extended statement of the methods employed and of the results
achieved will be found on pages 42 and 43 of this Report.
Rural Leadership School:
This school, which was conducted on the basis of a
modified form of the Danish "folk school", was held at the Forestry
Camp, University Hill, from January 16th to March l6th, 1940.  The
experiment, though undertaken with some misgivings, proved an
unqualified success. This form of instruction is of undoubted
educational value to young men and women from the rural distriots,
more particularly for those who, by reason of their geographical
location, have not easy access to high schools. Details concerning
this school will be found on pages 43 and 44 of this Report,
Expiration of the Rockefeller Foundation Grant for Nursing and Health:
In 1937 the International Health Division of the Rockefeller
Foundation made a grant of $7,500.00 to the University for the Department of Nursing and Health for a three-year period beginning in
October, 1936. The last instalment of this grant was expended
during the year under review. The assistance which the grant has 11.
made possible in providing the services of a Field Work Supervisor
has been of great value, and again the University desires to place
on record its appreciation of this gift from the Rockefeller
Foundation.
Projects Under the Speoial Grant for Research:
At a meeting of the President and the Deans the
following research projects were unanimously agreed upon for
the fisoal year 1940-41. As in previous years, the grants
for these investigations were not made, as a rule, to individual
departments nor yet to single faculties, but were voted for
projects which, in a number of instances, involved work in two
or more faculties:
The Selective Flotation of Nonsulphide Minerals;
Gold Research; Spectroscopic Analysis; Undulant
Fever; Effect of Thymus Extract; Genetics of
Economic Plants; Preservation of Fishing Nets;.
Solvent Extraction of B.C.Coal and Shale;
Superactive Charcoal; Surface Reaction of Minerals;
Reduction of Native Ores by Natural and Coal Gases;
Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Hydrocarbons;
Removal of Sulphur - and Increase in Quality of
Gasoline from Canadian Ores; Preparation of
Organo-Metallo-Compounds; Quantitative Determination
of Molybdenum, Vanadium and Tungsten; Separation of
Less Common Metals from Each Other; Lignin Investigation;
Refractive Indices in Minerals; Application of Raman
Effect to Problems of the Oil Industry; Electron
Refraction of Minerals; Ecology of Insects; Causes of
Raspberry Failure; B.C.Fish Oils; Activators for
Enzymes; Fowl Paralysis; Surface Taint Butter; An
Economic Study of Standards of Living on Some Subsistence Farms; Calfhood Vaccination for Bang's
Disease.
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Plan Bursaries:
To assist needy students to attend the University for
the year 1939-40, a grant of $5,000.00 was received under the
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Plan. The programme was
based upon a three-year schedule in which the percentage of the
contribution of the Dominion Government to the scheme was to
increase slightly each year. The fund was administered by a
special committee composed of the President, the Chairman of
the Joint Faculty Committee on Prizes and Scholarships, the
Director of University Extension, and the Provincial Director of
Technical Eduoation, who was in charge of the educational
aspects of the Youth Training Project. 12.
On the basis of scholarship and need, out of 140
students who applied for assistance from this source, 35 were
recommended for grants ranging from $40.00 to $185.00. Of
these students, 20 were from the Greater Vancouver Area and
15 were from other parts of the Province. Over half of the
students had 80 per cent, or better in scholarship standing,
and the majority were students entering the University for the
first time. The Committee were impressed by the high calibre
of the students applying and by the proof of genuine need
presented.
Opening of the Brock Memorial Building:
On January 31st, 1940, the students' union building,
named "The Brock Memorial Building", was dedicated to the memory
of the late Dean Reginald W„ and Mrs. Brock, and was formally
opened by His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia,
Dr. Eric W, Hamber.
Though at first conceived as a memorial to the 21st
anniversary of the opening of the University,- its "coming of age",-
the building was actually completed in the year whioh marked the
University's 25th anniversary.
On this occasion, a message of congratulation was
received from His Excellency, Lord Tweedsmuir, the Governor-
General of Canada, who had the previous year graciously accepted
the Honorary Degree of LL.D, from the University.
Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance, Waived:
For the session 1939-40. the Board of Governors again
waived the regulations which were adopted in 1938 for the purpose
of limiting the attendance at the University.
Registration and Accommodation:
Registration figures for the Session showed an increase
over all previous years. The difficulties arising from insufficient
accommodation, with the consequent congestion in class rooms and
laboratories and in the Library, were thus further accentuated, A
report prepared by the Visiting"Governors and submitted to the full|
Board stated, "The problem of overcrowding is the gravest one now
confronting the University,"
It had been hoped that the proposed building to house the
Department of Baoteriology and Preventive Medicine, the Western
Division of the Connaught Laboratories and the Provincial Board of
Health might be erected, as was planned.  The construction of such 13.
a building would have reduced overcrowding materially,
more particularly in some of the science departments.
Owing to the war, these plans had to be abandoned for
the present.
Ill  THE UNIVERSITY IN WARTIME:
The Policy of the University an Evolving Policy:
At the opening of the session there existed a
feeling of uncertainty amongst the staff and students as to
what they could do towards the war effort. The policy of
the University, therefore, became an evolving policy,- a
policy determined by the needs of the Empire and her Allies
as these were made known to the University authorities through
the Government at Ottawa or through the National Research
Council.
As a result of the adoption of this policy, existing
degree courses were revised and new ones were included in the
curriculum; new investigations were undertaken and the
immediate objectives of researches under way were modified;
registration in the Officers' Training Corps increased
markedly; compulsory military training for all physically-
fit male students was advocated; sentiment in favour of
discontinuing inter-collegiate athletics for the duration of
the war became more pronounced, and the curtailment of
social activities on the Campus was urged - all with a view
to enabling the University to make a greater contribution
to the successful prosecution of the war.
Co-operation with Government Departments:
Immediately upon the outbreak of the war? Departments in Arts and Science, in Applied Science and in Agriculture
offered their fullest co-operation with the Departments of the
Dominion Government, particularly in the matter of training
students in the methods of preparing war chemicals, and in the
prosecution of other pure or applied science research projects
directly bearing on the nation's war effort.
The work of assisting the Dominion and the Provincial Departments of Agriculture, especially to increase the
food supplies of the Empire and her Allies, was accepted by
the Faculty of Agriculture as its special task. In the furtherance of this policy certain researches which were under way
at the outbreak of hostilities were expanded and a number of
new ones planned in co-operation with the Dominion and Provincial Governments, were undertaken. 14
Courses in Home Nursing and First Aid:
As a war service, members of the Department of Nursing
and Health gave courses in Home Nursing and First Aid. These
classes were open to a limited number of senior students, to
members of the University staff, and to students in the first
year of the Nursing course.
War Jfours e s_:
To assist in meeting the demands for special instruction
created by the war, a number of new courses were included in the
curriculum, and modifications of existing courses were made in
many of the departments, more particularly those of Chemistry,
Physics, and certain of the Applied Science departments.
The opening of the war saw a marked quickening of
interest and activity in the Canadian Officers' Training Corps.
The strength of the Corps was greatly increased, and for the
first time graduates of accredited institutions were permitted
to enlist. An important feature of the year's programme was the
training of teachers who desired to qualify as cadet instructors
in the schools where compulsory training had been inaugurated.
The Report of the Officer Commanding, which appears
on pages 56-62 of this Report, gives some indication of the
greatly increased activities of the Corps during the year.
In response to requests for academic credits for
Canadian Officers' Training Corps work, the Senate, for the
Session 1939-40, approved the recommendation of the Faculties that
an exemption or credit of three units be given to members of the
Canadian Officers' Training Corps who passed the regular military
examination, theoretical portion, provided that no exemtpion be
given in a required subject without the approval of the Faculty
Committee on Courses.
The purpose of this resolution was, during the present
emergency, to relieve certain students from taking prescribed
courses which were not considered absolutely essential to their
professional careers. In adopting this policy it was distinctly
understood that no concessions would be made for which in later
life a student might pay a penalty as the result of impaired
professional Qualification. 15.
Compulsory Military Training Advocated:
Early in July, representatives of the Canadian
Universities met in Ottawa with representatives of the Department of National Defence to discuss the question of compulsory
military training for all physically-fit male students in the
Universities. Following the decision of the Conference to
recommend to the Universities the adoption of such a policy,
the Senate and the Board of Governors of the University of
British Columbia passed a regulation, shortly after the close
of the year under review, requiring all such students to take
six hours of military training per week during the session.
Conclusion.
For the past few years the President's report has
concluded with a statement on the needs of the University;
particularly with respeot to the urgently-required increase
in accommodation and equipment. These needs are still insistent:
in fact, with a further increased enrolment, and the adoption of
the policy of compulsory military training, they are even more
acute than formerly.
But in these stern days when the needs of individuals
and institutions must give place to the greater needs of the
Empire and of humanity itself it would ill become the University
to press its claims importunately, urgent though they be.
Respectfully submitted,
LEONARD S. KLINCK,
President.
Vancouver, B.C.
June 18th, 1941. Registration
REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR
16
Faculty of Arts and Science
First Year ,
Second Year.	
Third Year ,
Fourth Year	
Graduates	
Social Service	
Teacher Training Course.......
*Directed Reading Courses	
*Extra-Sessional Classes	
*Double Registrations.	
Faculty of Applied Science
Second Year	
Third Year.	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Graduates	
Faculty of Applied Science (Nursing)
Second Year	
Third Year	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Sixth Year	
Public Health Nursing	
Teaching and Supervision	
Faculty of Agriculture
First Year	
Second Year	
Third Year	
Fourth Year.	
Graduates	
Occupational Course.	
TOTAL
Evening Class in Botany 	
Summer Session (1940)	
(Faculty of Arts and Science)
Women  Men  Total
227
334
561
138
259
397
117
173
290
112
170
282
33
110
143
36
10
46
40
29
69
26
110
136
14
51
65
-13
-42
-55
138
138
-
115
115
-
90
90
—
77
77
14
14
434
15
15
16
—
16
12
«.
12
8
—
8
14
—
14
11
_
11
1
1
77
6
43
49
5
25
30
2
20
22
5
14
19
1
18
19
1
9
10
7
23
30
186
401
587
1934
511
.252* 17.
Nationalities of Students (exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course, Extra-Sessional Glasses,
Directed Reading Courses and Publio
Health Nursing Course):
British 2331; American 36; Japanese 55; Swedish 21; Chinese 19;
Norwegian 15; Italian 11; Greek 7; Hebrew 7; French 6;
Austrian 6; others 80. TOTAL   -  2594
Geographical Distribution of Students:
From Vancouver and vicinity  1546
From Victoria  115
From New Westminster  126
From other Provincial points  696
From other Provinces  93
From other countries  18
TOTAL 1597
Occupations of Parents  (exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course,  Extra-Sessional Classes,
Directed Reading Courses and Public Health
Nursing Course):
Accountant 49; Agent  14;  Banker 18; Barrister 23; Broker 32;
Business man 14;  Carpenter 35;  Civil Servant  25;  Clergyman 35;
Clerk 20; Contractor 33; Dentist 19; Doctor 63; Druggist 12;
Engineer 115; Farmer 93; Foreman 22;  Grocer 14;  Inspector 20;
Insurance 40; Lawyer 31; Lumberman 32; Machinist 17; Manager 57;
Merchant 95; Professor 21; Rancher 15; R.R.Employee 41;
Salesman 62;  Superintendent 21; Teacher 57*
Location of Graduates:
Number in-.-
Vancouver  2605
Other parts of British Columbia  1455
Other parts of Canada.  34-5
British Isles.  44
Other parts of British Empire  23
United States of America  241
Other countries  56
Number deceased.  98
Number whose address is unknown ,  508
TOTAL
SE Session
1930-31
1931-32
1932-33
1933-34
1934-35
1935-36
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
Arts and
Science
1580
1477
1269
1147
1238
1337
1499
1590
1634
1664
Year      M.A.
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
10
2
20
4
17
6
19
4
11
6
14
12
15
10
21
9
20
10
19
5
30
Applied
Science
289
284
288
287
320
336
366
416
419
434
B.A.       B.Com.
175
24
211
31
201
36
215
46
204
3f
196
45
175
38
190
54
204
53
217
63
212
8
31
3
22
6
37
Comparative Statement of Attendance
Sessions 1930-31 to 1939-40
Teacher Total
Agricul-   Training       Winter
Nursing ture Course        Session
41
44
47
48
57
68
47
50
P
65
63
75
63
71
80
95
100
117
139
71
109
64
61
66
62
42
67
57
69
2044
1989
1739
160 6
I652
1883
2049
2223
2286
2371
Summer
Session
455
441
404
370
377
464
566
650
659
715
Comparative Statement  of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1930-31 to 1959-40
M.Sc.or      B.Sc. or      B.A.Sc.
M.A.Sc.       B.A.Sc.    Nursing      M.S. A.       B.S.A.
14
2
1
*m>
15
2
1
-•
22
8
5
3
31
3
5
1
23
8
5
_
21
6
1
2
28
4
6
2
7
4
27
3
39
5
n
44
5
37
5
57
5
50
3
48
6
56
4
71
9
71
6
7
4
7
5
13
7
2
1
7
8
13
1
1
2
4
1
2
5
3
7
1
3
4
1
3
7
1
13
12
1
12
3
19
1
16
2
14
1
19
5
22
2
18
Short
Courses
401
342
181
124
165
278
306
279
290
253
Total
228
31
308
41
291
49
331
64
307
57
332
68
295
59
314
80
346
77
370
86
388
Grand
Total
2900
2772
2324
2100
2294
2625
2921
3152
3235
3339
Grand
Total
2161
2192
2500
2541
2832
2881
3212
3276
3583
3640
3972
4040
4335
4394
4708
4788
5134
5211
5581
5667
6055 Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions
1930-31 to
1939-
40
Public
Occupational
Teacher
Health
Social
Course in
Year
Training
Nursing
Service
Agr
1culture
TOTALS
1930
54
1
-
3
58
1931
58
11
-
3
72
1932
85
8
2
7
102
12
1
11
-
24
1933
58
13
4
_
75
-
1
5
-
6
1934
61
10
_
-_
71
3
-
3
-
6
1935
65
15
3
3
86
1
-
7
mm-
8
1936
60
15
_
mm
75
-
-
12
-
12
1937
39
16
. -
4
59
1
5
19
-
25
1938
65
18
1
3
87
-
2
15
-
17
1939
54
14
2
4
74
1
1
24
-
26
1940
66
12
3
5
86
vO Scholarships, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
During the year many scholarships, fellowships and bursaries have been won by
graduates of the University. The following list does not include awards which
have been made in The University of British Columbia.
Name
Award
Barss, Walter
Bjarnason, Emil
Brewer, Charles
Cameron, Ian T.
Campbell,John J.R.
Chapman, Arthur
Chodat, Isabella
Christy, Robert F.
Cook, Francis
Corbould, Iris
Teaching Assistantship
Assistantship
National Research Council
Student ship
Scholarship
Industrial Fellowship
Austin Fellowship
Rockefeller Fellowship in
Nursing
Whiting Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Scholarship
Value
5800"
Subject
Where Tenable
$2,000
$650
Covington,Arthur E.  Teaching Assistantship
Bale, Ursula
Davenport,Charle s
National Research Council
Scholarship $650
Fellowship $1,200
Davis,  Edwin P. Assistantship §250
Detwilier,Lloyd F.     Scholarship $650
(Voluntarily relinquished by Mr.   Detwiller to join
Royal Canadian Air Force)
Dill,  Charlotte Graduate Instructorship $700
Eastham, Arthur
Fisher,  John H.
Fitch,  Fred
Guthrie,Andrew
Scholarship $600
Post-doctorate fellowship $1,200
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Assistantship
$600
$800
Physics
Economic s
Purdue University
Queen's University
Chemistry    Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Forestry     Yale University
Dairy Industry Cornell University
Commerce     Northwestern University,
Evanston, 111.
Nursing
Physics
Chemistry
Biochemistry
Physics
Physiology
Chemistry
Geology
Economic s
Plant
Pathology
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry
Physics
Rockefeller Foundation
University of California,
Berkeley
University of Toronto
McGill University
University of California,
Berkeley
University of Toronto
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology
University of Arizona
University of California,
at Los Angeles
Cornell University
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Purdue University
Purdue University
o Name
Award
Herd, Harold H.
Kidd, George P.
Kusaka, Shuichi
Lacey, Oliver L.
Leslie, John D.
Lew, Hin
Lips, Alair
Love11, Edwin P.
Mead, Bruce
Menzies, James D.
Mont gomery, Ri chard
MacKenzie,Kenneth R.
Nesbitt, Bertram I.
ruffield, Edward W.
Patterson, Ralph F.
Perkins, Maurice F.
Price, Frampton
Pyle, Donald G.
Retallack, James G.
Robertson, Struan
Robinson, Basil
Value
"Poo~
Teaching Fellowship
Fellowship $500
Teaching Assistantship #650
.Senior Teaching Fellowship    $675
Shell Oil Scholarship $500
National Research Council
Bursary
Teaching Fellowship $600
Post-doctorate Fellowship $1,200
Subject
Where Tenable
Chemistry
Economics
Physics
Psychology
Chemistry
$250   Physics
Scholarship
Research Assistantship
Assistantship
Research Fellowship in
Radiation
Teaching Assistantships
$600
$700
$800
$2,000
A,
§225
and $225
$700
$650
$600
$650
Scholarship
National Research Council
Studentship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Assistantship
Teaching Fellowship
Rhodes Scholarship (3 years)
per year
$650
$650
$975
£400
California Institute of
Technology
University of Illinois
University of California,
Berkeley
Cornell University
University of British
Columbia
University of British
Columbia
Macdonald College
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Plant Pathology Washington State College
Physics        Dartmouth University
Chemistry
Chemi stry
Chemistry
Physics
Mineralogy )
Draughting )
Geology
Chemistry
Economics
Psychology
Economic Hist.
Physics
Statistics
French
University of California,
Berkeley
Queen's University
Stanford University
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of California,
Berkeley
University of California
at Los Angeles
University of California,
Berkeley
University of California,
Berkely
University of California,
Berkeley
Oxford University
f\3 Name
Award
Value   Subject
Where Tenable
Sage,W.Donald m.
Sibley,William M.
Smith,  Ronald
Stewart,  Donald
Stuart,Frank A.
Veitch,  William
Wellwood,Robert W.
West, Kenneth A.
touite,  William H.
Wright,  Frances
Scholarship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Assistantship$800
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Fellowship
Graduate Fellowships
(2 years) per year
Scholarship
Scholarship
Teaching Fellowship
$25
History and
International
Relations
£900
Philosophy
3800
§600
$700
Physics
Chemistry
Chemistry
-
Economics
$6oo
Forestry
$6oo
Chemistry
.»
Geology
$6oo
Chemistry
Clark University
Brown University
Purdue University
University of Toronto
University of Iowa
Princeton University
Duke Forest School, Duke
University
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of Toronto
University of California,
Berkeley
NOTE:   In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free
tuition or exemption from fees (or travelling expenses) in addition to
their monetary value.
Value of scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries won by our graduates
in other Universities and in Institutes in 1940 $40,700.00
Total value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes since the first
awards were made in 1917	
$676,769.00
Respectfully submitted,
STANLEY W.  MATHEWS,
Registrar. REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY
OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
The War.
The most outstanding event occurring in the year under
review was of course the outbreak of war. At the opening of the
term scores of students sought advice and guidance as to whether
they should enlist or should continue with their studies. It was
decided to advise these students to register as usual, particularly
in the field of the sciences, in the hope that some authoritative
statement would appear giving proper direction.  It was not long
before such a statement was issued by the National Research Council
of Canada confirming the advice which had been given. Thus were
avoided some of the mistakes of the early days of August, 1914,when
much talent was made secondary to physical fitness.
Two new courses were begun which would be of value in
certain spheres of war activity.  One was a course in Chemistry
dealing with new explosives and gas masks. This course was taken
largely by graduate and senior students in Chemistry. The other
course was one in Physics dealing (a) with the elementary principles
of electricity and acoustics which would be valuable in the communication and detection branches of national defence units, (b)
with the use of optical units, and (c) with elementary hydro-dynamics,
aero-dynamics and ballistics.
During the year a limited amount of academic credit (three
units) was granted to students who completed the CO.T.C examinations.
Students were allowed to substitute the CO.T.C. work for one subject
which they would normally be taking provided that subject was not a
pre-requisite for subsequent work. For example, a Second Year student
could omit the Second Year language provided he was not proceeding
with language studies. The number of credits actually granted was
very small.
During the year several students enlisted in the Active
Services. Consideration as to the standing of each student was
given, and in ,a few cases, particularly where the student had
attended most of the session but could not take the final examinations,
the year was granted. No specific formula had been worked out but   .
each case was considered on its merits. Two members of the Faculty j
left the University at the close of the academic year and joined the i
Active Services. They were Dr. W. G. Black, who is giving military
instruction, and Mr. F. J. Brand, who is now Pilot-Officer with the
Air Force at Trenton.
Retiring Professors.
Upon the completion of twenty years of service with
University, Dr. H, T. J. Coleman and Dr. C McLean Fraser were
superannuated on reaching the retiral age. 24.
Dr. Coleman came from the staff of Queen's University as
Head of the Department of Philosophy and Dean of the Faculty of
Arts and Science.  Shortly after his arrival, the Faculty of the
University, which had been meeting in one group was divided into
the present three existing faculties. Later the Teacher Training
Course was begun providing professional training for teaohers, with
especial emphasis upon High School work. Courses in Education were
also started under the Department of Philosophy, and later a
separate Department of Education was established. More recently,
owing to the development of the work in Psychology, the title of the
Department was changed so as to include Psychology. For several
years after his arrival Dr. Coleman acted as Director of the
Summer Session. In 1927 he gave up this directorship, and in 1928
he relinquished the deanship.
Dr. Coleman is widely known throughout the City and the
Province both for his platform ability and for his delightful verse.
His many friends wish him, in his retirement, happiness and contentment with his books, his poems, his pipe and, not least, his
fishing rod.
In 1920 Dr. C McLean Fraser came from being Director of
the Biological Station at Nanaimo to accept the Headship of the
newly established Department of Zoology. He is an internationally
known figure in the field of Science. He has attended all the
meetings of the Pacific Science Congress, wherever they were held,
and contributed largely to the success of each. He was the leader
of the Canadian Delegation at the Fourth Congress held in Java in
1929.  He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada,to the Proceedings of which he contributed largely, and is also a member of
numerous other learned scientific societies.
In 1934 he was a member of the Allan Hancock Expedition
to the Galapagos Islands and other regions along the western shores
of South America visited by Darwin just one hundred years earlier.
He has contributed over one hundred articles in Marine
Zoology and Oceanography. His most important work was his book
"Hydroids of the Pacific Coast of Canada and the United States"
(207 pages, 44 plates), and four papers making up volume 4 of the
Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions.
In his twenty years of active service at the University,
Dr. Fraser was never late for a class or for a committee meeting and
never missed a lecture through illness. He took a very active
interest in the athletic activities of the University, and as an
appreciation of this interest he was granted the Big Block,
Honorary Award, in April, 1940.
It is Dr. Fraser's intention to continue his research
work at the University, and we are most fortunate in being able to
reserve for him laboratory and office space where he may continue
to classify his Hydroids uninterrupted, by class instruction or
attendance at committees. 25
It is with sincere regret that we record the premature
retirement of Dr. S. J. Schofield on account of illness. Dr.
Schofield came to the University from the Geological Survey of
Canada and was appointed in 1915. He gave the first lectures in
Geology in the institution.  In 1916 he enlisted with the 196th
Battalion and after serving overseas returned to the University in
1919. He was an authority in his field of Structural Geology and
a great tower of strength to the Department.  It is most unfortunate
that illness forced him to retire many years before the normal time.
He had been very active in the scientific field contributing largely to the Royal Society of Canada and to the Geological
Society of America. His most outstanding work was his book, "The
Geology of British Columbia".
It is the wish of his many friends that he may be restored
once again to a full measure of health.
Extra-Sessional Classes and Directed Reading Co-arses =
Below are listed the Extra-Sessional Classes and the
Directed Reading Courses together with their instructors and the
registration.
Class Instructor Registration
Extra-Sessional Classes
English 19     Mrs. J, H. Creighton       15
Psychology 7    Dr. J. E. Morsh 49
Directed Reading Courses
History 13     Mr. A. C. Cooke 113
Miss Patricia M.Johnson
(Assistant)
Economics 4     Dr. J. A. Crumb 26
It is with pleasure that we record our appreciation of
the high standard of work carried on in all these classes. When the
Directed Reading Courses were established there was some doubt as
to whether the standards attained by intra-mural work could be
maintained in the Directed Reading Courses. A discussion with the
instructors who directed these courses or with the students who
took them, or an examination of the character of the work, will
convince the most skeptical.  In History 13, for example, 113
registered and 91 took the final examination with a median mark of
71.3 per cent. Each student received 23 pieces of mimeographed
material including (1) letters containing assignments and instructions,
(2) notices regarding the use of the University and Provincial
libraries and (3) outlines of the course, general and detailed,
together with questions and topics for consideration and review. Two
essays and three shorter reports were required from each student. A
total of 460 essays and reports were marked with individual criticism
and comment. 26.
In Economics 4 there were 26 registered. Three withdrew
before Christmas and the remaining students completed the course
with an average just short of 70 per cent. A detailed outline of
the course was sent out along with considerable original lecture
material not available in textual form,- in all, 65 pages of
mimeographed material.  Each student was required to prepare and
submit a note book in which were combined in topical form the
elaboration of the outlines supplied by the instructor and the
results of his readings. An average of seven books during the year
was supplied to each student. The instructor in charge comments
as follows:
"This course was a revelation to me. People outside the University appear to be more thirsty for knowledge than many in it. Their
maturity makes possible the bridging of the gap between lecture
room and library  The difficult problem of adequate access to
books should be given some more thought. An instructor dislikes
filling the library with duplicate copies unless the class is to be
repeated several times, and the student dislikes waiting until spring
for a book which he needs to complete his fall notes."
Researches in the Sciences.
While it is not possible to refer to all the researches
carried out by the members of the Faculty, reference will be made
to some of the more outstanding as reported by the Heads of Departments in their annual reports.
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine.
Dr. Dolman continued his researches into the various
toxigenic and antigenic components of staphylococcus filtrates.
Dr. Duff investigated the filtrable forms of B.Salmonicida,
E. coli and S. aertrycke, also the immunization of cutthroat trout
and the testing of the acriflavine treatment for fish eggs on behalf
of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada.
Dr. Ranta accumulated data bearing on the cultural,
toxigenic and immunological properties of haemolytic streptococcus
strains isolated in Vancouver.
Mr. Mathias continued experiments bearing on the
infectivity and antigenic properties of B. abortus, the cause of
undulant fever.
Reference is made here to the co-operation existing between
this Department and the Western Division of Connaught Laboratories.
As an indication of the recognition accorded the research work of the
Department and of the valuable co-operation between the Department
and the Connaught Laboratories, the University of Toronto accepted
the work done by Mr. Marvin Darrach under Dr. Dolman's direction as
an appropriate subject for a Ph.D. thesis. 27
Department of Botany.
Dr, Hutchinson, with the co-operation of Dr. Moe and Miss
Helen Farley, continued investigation on the genetics of economic
plants, especially alfalfa.
Dr. Dickson is pursuing his studies on fungi and Mr
Davidson his investigations in Taxonomy.
Dr. Allardyce carried on the problem of obtaining evidence
for or against the thymus gland acting as an endocrine gland. By
injecting thymus extracts of calves into several generations of rats
it was found that there was a complete absence of the phenomenal
speeding up in the rate of development from the third to the fifth
generation as reported by Rowntree of Philadelphia. He also continued with his investigations as to the effect of radiation upon
animal growth, behaviour, development and vision. White rats were
selected as the test animals. Somewhere, and sometime, someone
should pay tribute to these creatures for what they endure in the
interests of humanity.'
Department of Chemistry.
Certain researches completed are as follows:
1. Human beings fed intravenously on certain salts and
glucose, the only materials so far injected, decline fairly rapidly.
An investigation on the intravenous feedings of animals on a mixture
of amino acids from hydrolyaed casein supplemented with tryptophane
and vitamin A showed that the animals lost practically no weight
over a period of two weeks.
2. In the investigation of lignin constituents it was found
by ethanolysis of Western Red Cedar, Douglas Fir, and Western Hemlock
that the phenolic constituents were the same as in the Eastern soft
woods.
3. Results of analyses of the iodine and phosphorus content
of B. C. fish oils are ready for publication.
4. An investigation carried on jointly by the Departments of
Chemistry and of Poultry Husbandry showed that the claims regarding
the efficacy of cow excreta as a preventive of coccidiosis, a disease
resulting in high mortality among growing chicks, were not substantiated.
5. Sections of fishing nets, chemically treated according to
formulae originating in the Department, have been inserted into some
twenty nets used by B. C, fishermen. Reports from the fishermen are
being collected and tabulated to determine whether the increased
strength shown to exist by laboratory mechanical tests increases
the life of the nets under actual fishing conditions. 28.
6. Results -^re ready for publication dealing with the
preserving of piling in bridges and docks by forcing toxio salt
solutions under pressure.
7. Investigations are being continued dealing with the
absorbing power of various charcoals, the knowledge of which is of
the utmost importance at the present time owing to the extensive
use of charcoal in gas masks. The Department has been assigned
(October, 1940) an important investigation in this connection by
the National Research Council of Canada.
8. An investigation has been concluded on the mechanism of
xanthates as a collector in the flotation of galena and sphalerite
ores.
9. An improved method of preparing the Yttrium Group Bromates
has been determined and a study of the effect of temperature on the
separation of rare earth bromates by fractional crystallization is
being carried on.
10. Quantitative reduction of lead sulphide to metallic lead
by passing coal gas over a sample heated in a rotating cylindrical
furnace is being investigated.
Department of Geology and Geography.
Dr. Williams spent the summer as consultant for the
B. C. Department of Mines on a further investigation of the petroleum
possibilities of the Peace River area of British Columbia.
Dr, Swanson acted as consultant for the Canadian Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company during the summer.
Dr. Davis was employed by the B. C. Department of Mines
as Chief Instructor in the Dominion-Provincial Youth Mining Training
Plan.
Special investigations were carried out in Petrology,
Palaeontology and Metallography. The most outstanding results were
obtained in Metallography where Dr. Warren, under the special grant
from the Board of Governors and aided by a group of students, some
of whom had scholarships from the Britannia Mining and Smelting
Company and from the Cariboo Gold Quartz Company, carried on investigations as to the occurrence of gold, cobalt, telluride,
antimony and bismuth in various parts of British Columbia.  The
mines from which samples were analysed were Britannia, Cariboo Gold
Quartz, Hedley, Highland, Surprise and Dividend. Gold losses were
also investigated in the tailings of Hedley Mascot and Surf Inlet.
Appreciation is here expressed to Dr, Warren for the
valuable collection of minerals for research and class room use which
he has made during several-summers. Some of these are exchanged for
minerals from other institutions. 29
Of the various donations to the Department mention will
be made of only two: One was a collection of more than 100 catalogued
Indian artifacts collected by the late R. A. Cumming from the Great
Fraser Midden at Marpole. This was donated by the Vancouver Natural
History Society. The other was the library and palaeobotanical
notes of the late Dr. Roy Graham, who, prior to his accidental death,
had been connected with the Department. This donation was made by
Dr, Graham's parents in memory of their son.
Department of Physics.
Research investigations in the Department of Physics were
carried on in the following fields:
1. Polarimetric Measurements on Specific Rotations.
2. The Characteristics of Geiger Counters.
3. Term Analysis of the Spectra of Iodine.
4. Spectroscopic Determination of the Composition of
British Columbia Ores.
5. An Investigation of the Optical Properties of the
Principal Points of Electrostatic Lens Systems.
(Completed).
6. Development of a New Type of Electron Diffraction
Scattering Chamber.
7. Absorption Spectra in the Extreme Ultraviolet by the
Use of the King Carbon Tube Furnace.
8. The Excitation of the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrum of D2
by Argon.
9. The Effect of Electrode Geometry on the Shape of
Measured Energy Distribution Curves for Field Current
Electrons.
Investigation of Cosmic Rays by the Direct Photographic
Process.
Raman Spectra of Cis and Trans Decahydronaphthalene.
(Completed)
Department of Zoology.
Dr. C. McLean Fraser presented papers and presided over
certain meetings of the A.A.A.S. at Stanford (June) and at the
Sixth Pacifio Science Congress at Berkeley and Stanford (July and
August). During the year he made good progress in examining the
large U.S. National Museum collection of hydroids. 30.
Mr. G. J. Spencer spent the summer of 1939 continuing
his researches upon the grasshoppers in the Kamloops and Nicola
cattle ranges.  Control efforts in the Nicola resulted in the
annihilation of the devastating swarms that were building up in
1938 in certain egg beds of one species. Reports on the work
were submitted every fortnight to the Division of Entomology,
Science Service, Ottawa.
Dr. G. M. Watney continued her work on Amphibians,
paying particular attention to those found in British Columbia.
Other Researches.
An idea of the researches carried on in the non-science
Departments may be formed by a perusal of the list  of publications.
Special mention will be made of only two of these.    The  first is
the valuable report of the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial
Relations,  containing two volumes and 30 appendices.    Professor
H.  F. Angus was a member of this Commission.    The report is considered to be a real contribution towards the solution of Canada's
national problems.
The other publication is Dr. A.  F. B.   Clark's new book
"Jean Racine".      This book has been most favourably commented upon
by those most competent to judge literary worth.
The Dean hopes it will not be unpardonable to refer to
the completion of  one of his own researches on Trojan Satellites
(Limiting Case)   upon which he had been working for four or five
years.    It was submitted for publication to a mathematical
journal of high international reputes published in a country which
has since become belligerent.    The article has not yet appeared
and it may be banned if or when it does appear.
Accommodation.
Over-crowding,  like the biblical poor,   seems to be with
us always.
Conclusion.
The Dean wishes to express his appreciation of the wholehearted way in which the members of the Faculty carried on their
work.
Respectfully submitted,
D.  BUCHANAN,
Dean, 31.
REPORT OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY
OF APPLIED SCIENCE
During the session for which I have the honour to
report, several adjustments were made in the curriculum. The
content of certain courses in Metallurgy was revised in order
to deal more directly with the metallurgical aspects of
strategic minerals necessary to the successful prosecution of
the War.  This year the course in Forest Economics was given
for the first time. In the Department of Nursing and Health,
the course previously named "Communicable Diseases" was absorbed
with the course on Preventive Medicine, and an entire reorganization of the content of the combined course was made.
Two courses, one in Home Nursing and one in First Aid, were
established as special war-time efforts to provide training to
extra-departmental students. In the Department of Mechanical
and Electrical Engineering, the members of the staff responded
to the request to place special emphasis on radio work and
short wave studies in order to provide men well trained in
these subjects for the active forces. Some changes in the
courses in Structural Design, Water Power Development, Surveying and Mapping in the Department of Civil Engineering were
made with the same purposes in view.
Many research investigations undertaken by members of
the teaching staff had a direct bearing on Canada's War efforts.
Molybdenum is one of the key metals necessary for the manufacture
of certain special alloy steels. There are a few deposits of
this metal found in Canada, although ninety per cent, of the
world's supply comes from the United States of America.  Increased
Canadian production will affect favourably Canada's position in
regard to foreign exchange. Accordingly, the Department of
Mining and Metallurgy under the direction of Professor George A.
Gillies undertook a series of investigations on ores mined by
Regnery Metals Limited, whose concentrates are unmarketable
because of an excess of copper content. A satisfactory process
was obtained for separating the copper from the molybdenum in
the ore, and a concentrate was made containing 92.5 per cent, of
the molybdenum and rejecting 98 per cent, of the copper, obtaining
a reduction ratio of 1 to 500.
Antimony is another metal of strategic importance.
In normal times 80 per cent, of the world's supply came from
China, whose shipments are now greatly restricted. The Fort St.
James Antimony Company has a deposit containing antimony and
gold. The Department of Mining and Metallurgy under the
direction of Professors George A. Gillies and Frank A. Forward
has developed a separation process by which a satisfactory
antimony concentrate can be obtained, and investigations are
being continued on methods of recovering the gold from the
antimony flotation tailings. Some work has also been done on
the determination of the amount of selenium contained m the ore. 32.
Professor Gillies continued his researches on new
flotation reagents, one of the approved projects under the
special grant for research. His problem was the selective
flotation of quartz, barite and calcite in a synthetic ore.
He produced a series of curves which will enable mining
engineers to determine the correct quantity of a specific reagent necessary to give the maximum recovery, and which will
reduce the amount of experimental testing now required in all
flotation plants.  One of the operating results of his discoveries
may be the removal of the control from the flotation mill to the
office of the metallurgist in charge of operations.
Professor Forward has been investigating the recovery
of cobalt from concentrates from the mill of Kelowna Exploration
Company. He has drawn up a tentative flow sheet for a process
which has good prospects of successful operation. The management
of the Company has contributed to the funds of the Department a
sum of money sufficient to pay all expenses incurred in special
investigations of the problem.
In the Department of Forestry, Professor Knapp has been
engaged on the compilation of statistics on the operation of the
University Forest and on the investigation of other problems. Dr.
Griffith has commenced a series of experiments to determine the
effects of temperature in storage on the viability of Douglas fir
seeds. Professor W. 0. Richmond of the Department of Mechanical
and Electrical Engineering is studying the rate of growth of
fatigue cracks in metals. In addition to researches undertaken
by members of the teaching staff, several informal investigations
and a few formal research projects were carried out by undergraduate and graduate students. Some additional equipment was
added to the laboratories of all Departments during the year.
I record with deep regret the sudden death on June 20th,
1940, of Mr. Walter B. Bishop, Instructor in Metallurgy since
1925. Mr. Bishop brought to the Department of Mining and Metallurgy
a wide and exact knowledge of metallurgical problems. He was an
instructor of unusual ability and he exerted a marked influence on
the students who attended his classes.
The close of the academic year marked the retirement
of two very popular and efficient members of the teaching staff.
Lieutenant-Colonel Francis A. Wilkin, M.C, B.A.Sc, joined the
staff of the Department of Civil Engineering in 1921, and for
many years conducted important classes in a most acceptable
manner. From 1931 to 1936 he served as Acting Head of the Department. Captain John F. Bell, O.B.E. , R,N., has been an efficient
instructor, lecturer and assistant professor in the Department of
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering since 1924.  Captain Bell,
who would have reached the retiral age on August 1st, 1940, was
granted leave of absence on March 16th, 1940, in order to enable
him to return to the Royal Canadian Navy, in whose service he
spent many years prior to his appointment to the post at the
University. I desire to place on record my sincere appreciation
for the outstanding services rendered to the University by these
courteous gentlemen. 33.
I acknowledge with thanks the gift of a large number
of Mr. Bishop*s professional books, which was generously made
to the Faculty of Applied Science by Mrs. Bishop. Thanks are
due also to the Caterpillar Tractor Company for the loan of a
tractor, one of the latest models, to the Department of
Forestry.
It is a renewed pleasure to be able to give expression
to my sense of gratitude to the governing bodies, the staff and
the students for many courtesies extended to me during a busy
session.
Respectfully submitted,
JOHN N. FINLAYSON,
Dean. 34.
REPORT  OF THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY
OF AGRICULTURE
During the academic year ended August 31st,   1940, the
work of the Faculty of Agriculture was carried out  according to
Calendar and budget.   (Detailed reports with regard to the various
Departments are being submitted.)
Co-operation in Dominion and Provincial War Policies.
The members of the Faculty have co-operated fully with
the Dominion and Provincial Departments of Agriculture in activities
related to the war effort.    This co-operation has included membership on various committees and adaptation of student  and departmental research problems to the  requirements of the  existing
situation.
Registration.
The total student registration of all grades was 146,
as compared with 123 the previous year.    This increased enrolment
accentuated the difficulties of finding accommodation for classes.
For instance, the  large number of students registered for
Agriculture 1,   a required subject  of the First Year,  necessitated
the division of the class into two sections for laboratory periods.
Calfhood Vaccination for Bang's Disease.
On recommendation of the Department  of Animal Husbandry,
the Board of Governors authorized a change in policy v/ith regard
to the  control of Bang's disease in the Ayrshire herd.    A programme
of calfhood vaccination was inaugurated on May 1st,  1940, to
supplement the monthly blood-testing of cattle and segregation of
reactors.
Poultry Blood-Testing.
Blood-testing work for the  detection and elimination of
pullorum disease in poultry was carried on by the Department of
Animal Husbandry at the University,  under the direction of Dr.
S,  N, Wood.     During the period from September 5th,  1939,  to
January 26th,  1940, the laboratory tested a total of 19b,565 blood
samples.    Of these, 189,433 were initial tests  (approximately
30,000 more than in the preceding year),  1,833 were re-tests,  and
5,499 were check tests.    Of the 189,433 initial tests,  74,739
were from flocks entered in the Dominion Department of Agriculture
Record of Performance, with 1,098 or 1.53 per cent,  reactors and
suspects removed;   and 114,694 were from flocks entered under the
Provincial Department of Agriculture policy for Flock Approval,
with 2,119 or 1.93 per cent,  reactors and suspects removed. 35.
Department of Agricultural Economics.
On recommendation of the Senate, a Department of
Agricultural Economics in the Faculty of Agriculture was
established by the Board of Governors on October 30th, 1939.
Dean F. M. Clement was appointed Professor and Head of the
Department in January, 1940.
Research.
Progress was made in the following researches
administered by the Dean of the Faculty:
Activators for Enzymes.
B. C Fish Oils.
(c)     Calfhood Vaccination for Bang's Disease.
Causes  of Raspberry Failure.
(e)    Economic Study of Standards of Living on Some
Subsistence Farms.
Fowl Paralysis.
Surface Taint Butter.
In addition,  some research was conducted in the various
Departments as follows:
Department  of Agronomy.
Study of Chromosome Numbers in Alfalfa,  and Associated
Sterility.
(2) Co-operative Experiments: two tests on corn and  soy
beans in co-operation with the Provincial Department
of Agriculture; two    tests with sugar beets for the
Plant Products Division, Vancouver;  oat variety tests
for the  Dominion Experimental Farms, Agassiz.
Department of Animal Husbandry.
(1)     Steer Feeding Trials.     (In co-operation with the
Agricultural Marketing Bureau.)
Department of Dairying.
(1)     Carrying of Starters.
Study of the Influence of Lactic Acid Rod Forms on
Flavour Development  in Cheddar Cheese.
(3) Study of Factors Responsible for the Development of
"Feathering" in Cream. 36.
Department of Horticulture.
(1)    Renovation of a Run-down Orchard.
A Comparison of Methods of Making Artificial Manure.
The Effect of Boron on Plant Growth.
Studies in Growth-promoting Substances.
Agrobiology:  its Application to the Raspberry.
Hydroponics.
Strawberry Experiment.   (In co-operation with South
Fraser Valley Berry Growers' Union.)
Department  of Poultry Husbandry.
Breeding:
(a) Meat Type and Egg Production, or Dual-Purpose
Strains of Poultry.
(b) Auto-sexing Breeds.
(c) Egg  Quality.
Nutrition:
(a) Detailed Study of the Vitamin D Content  of
Salmon Oil.     (This work was carried out at the
request of Dr,  C.  R. Elsey,  of the B.  C.  Packers,
Ltd., Vancouver.)
(b) Extracting and Concentrating Vitamin D from Low-
Potency Oils.     (In co-operation with Dr. W.
Chalmers, Western Chemical Industries, Ltd.,
Vancouver.)
(c) Fish Meals.     (A study of the biological value of
the protein of British Columbia fish meals,  and
their vitamin G content.    Undertaken at the
request of Mr.  C.  Hedreen,  of the  Canadian
Fishing Company, Vancouver.)
(d) Dehydrated Grasses.     (Tests to determine the
nutritive value of certain dehydrated grasses.)
Details regarding all these research projects and the results
obtained are included in the Departmental reports. 37.
Alfalfa Project.
The Alfalfa Project  conducted by the Department of
Agronomy received a serious cheok during the  season of 1940 through
discontinuation of the grant from the Dominion Experimental Farms.
Two donations, however, have since been made for this work - one
by an anonymous donor, $n the  amount of $500.00,  and the other
by the Provincial Department of Agriculture, of a  similar amount.
These sums are being held in a  special fund to be used for the
propagation of stocks in 1941.
Elite Seed Project.
The Department of Agronomy co-operated with the Provincial
Department  of Agriculture to extend the Elite Seed Project.      A
Field Day was held in July,  1940, and was attended by over 100
farmers and representatives of allied agricultural industries.
Vegetable Seed Trials.
Under a plan instituted by the Dominion Department  of
Agriculture and approved by the University, the Department of
Horticulture for the  fourth consecutive year conducted a series
of vegetable seed trials.    Three hundred and sixty vegetable  seed
samples were tested, most of them in duplicate.
Some financial assistance was also provided by the
Agricultural Marketing Bureau for the  vegetable  seed trials and
for the re-establishment of Elite Vegetable Seed work.      A start
was made on Foundation stock of five vegetable varieties.
Soil Samples.
During the year,  l6l soil samples were examined by the
Department of Agronomy and detailed reports were forwarded to
those submitting the samples.
Respectfully submitted,
F,   M.   CLEMENT,
Dean. 38.
REPORT  OF THE' DEAN OF WOMEN
During the year ended August 31st,   1940,  the work
among the women students did not  differ in any marked respect
from that of previous years.    Because of the restrictions
placed by the Students'  Council upon the use of the Brock
Memorial Building,  the facilities provided in the building were
not available for the use of the organizations of the women
students to the  extent that  had been expected.       As a consequence,
the activities of the women prooeeded in the main along the lines
previously followed.
As usual, very few of the women students failed to
seek from the Dean of Women advice or assistance of one kind or
another.       Students were given help in the choice of vooations
and in the selection of appropriate courses of study to be
followed either in the University of British Columbia or,  if
not available here,  in other Universities.    An increasing number
of women asked for information concerning Household Science,
Physical Education, Library Science and Journalism —   courses
which,  unfortunately, the University of British Columbia does
not provide.    The traditional fields of teaching, nursing,  and
clerical work are evidently not  as attractive to the   students
of today as to those of earlier years,  and the  idea is growing
among students that the University course should provide some
preparation for self-support.
Many students were helped to obtain part-time work,
vacation work,  and loans to make possible their continuance at
the University.
The matter of room and board presented a new difficulty
owing to the fact that a number of the rooms formerly on our
list were taken by members of the Air Force.    Thus the need for
residence accommodation under the control of the University made
itself felt even more than in previous years.
Innovations in the sorority system called for a great
deal of attention and brought about a much more desirable
condition than prevails in many Universities.    Other organizations,
such as the Women's Undergraduate Society and Phrateres,  listened
patiently to expositions by the Dean of Women on their various
duties,  and gave evidence of attempting to move in the directions
suggested.
Because the college year was too far advanced before
the definite need was known,  no war work was undertaken by the
women's organizations as a definite project.     Considerable
work,  however, was done by individual students, and plans were
made for activity on the part of various groups during the
f ollowing year. 39.
The social welfare work carried on for a number of
years by some twenty groups, and intended especially to bring
cheer to children at Christmas and at vacation Fresh Air Camps,
was entered into with even more than the usual activity. In
this connection a number of students took the course in
Recreational Leadership offered by the Instructor in Physical
Education for Women.
Respectfully submitted,
MARY L. BOLLERT
Dean of Women. 40.
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE
SUMMER SESSION
The twenty-first Summer Session of the University of
British Columbia opened on July 3rd and closed August 16th, 1940.
The enrolment for the Session, classified by college years,
follows.  (For purposes of comparison the corresponding figures for
the three years immediately preceding are given in parallel columns.)
1940     1939     1938      1937
Partial 11 ll 5 18
First Year 62 65 74 89
Second Year 186 211 231 202
Third Year 83 100 80 74
Fourth Year 75 92 90 73
Graduates 159 209 179 183
Auditors 11 25 41
Total 587      713      700      639
Perhaps a clearer view would be obtained by omitting the auditors and
setting the totals at 576, 688, 659, and 639.
The curriculum covered 44 full three-unit courses (40 in
1939) and 1 half course (2 in 1939). Of these two full courses (Music
and Physical Education) and one half course (Librarianship) were given
not for University credit but to meet the wishes of the Department of
Education. The one real departure was the introduction of a course
in Agriculture, a step made desirable by the growth of Junior High
Schools in the country districts of British Columbia.
The staff as in previous years was drawn in great part from
the other Canadian Provinces and from the United States.
A year ago reasons were given for thinking that the growth of
the Summer Session would be less rapid in the future; war conditions
have made this forecast a good deal more than true. There has been a
decided falling off in the enrolment and it will be well in making
financial provision for 1941 to anticipate a further falling off.
I have to express once more my gratitude to all concerned,
the President, colleagues, students and office staff, for they have all
conspired to make my work not only agreeable but joyous.
Respectfully submitted,
LEMUEL ROBERTSON,
Director of Summer Session. 41.
EXCERPTS FROM THE REPORT  OF THE DIRECTOR
OF UNIVERSITY EXTENSION.
Introduction.
A considerable development and expansion of the work
of the Department of University Extension has occurred in 1939-40.
New services have been inaugurated, and those already established
have been extended.    In addition, the facilities of the Department
have been made available to communities not previously reached,
and many more citizens have received some educational service from
the University.    The number of written and oral expressions of
appreciation which the Department has received from those who have
benefited from the Extension programme is  convincing evidenoe that
the University's efforts in this direction are genuinely appreciated.
Despite the inevitable distractions contingent upon a war period,
adult education in this province has made notable advances.
The extent of the work carried on by this Department may
be realized when it is pointed out that 2,431 persons registered
for Extension courses,   and 21,845 attended various lectures,
demonstrations and other programmes.      Ninety-eight groups made
use of the Play Lending library, and the total Extension library
circulation reached 6,128 volumes.    The Visual Instruction service
made 3S128 loans to 118 groups, and motion pictures and slides
were shown to more than 100,000 persons.    In the past year the
Department conducted 62 short courses and 7 evening classes.
Policy.
There have been few important changes in policy during
the past year. The Department continues to provide as comprehensive an adult education service as its financial resources
will permit. It continues, also, to stress the importance of
giving the maximum possible assistance to the more remote areas
where fewer educational opportunities are available.
One change in emphasis in departmental work might,however,
be noted. There has been a decreasing stress in recent years on
occasional Extension lectures given by members of the University
staff. The Department has stressed instead short courses lasting
usually two or three days, study groups, and occupational schools
of two or three weeks' duration. In this way it is felt that a
more lasting contribution can be made to the educational development of a community. The occasional lecture undoubtedly serves
a useful purpose. It stimulates interest in the community in the
subject being discussed by the lecturer, and it affords a valuable
contact between the University staff and the people of the Province.
It is because of these advantages that the Department has no
intention of eliminating altogether this phase of Extension work.
But the experience of the past few years has shown that where more
intensive study is given to a subject, more lasting results are
achieved. 42.
From the University's point of view there is a further
advantage to be gained from this type of work. Since the short
courses and schools are given by instructors engaged specifically
for this purpose, the Department is required to make fewer demands
upon the time of staff members during the short university term
and consequently there are fewer interruptions in course work.
Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen.
During the past year a programme of adult education for
British Columbia fishermen has been inaugurated by the Department
of University Extension. This programme had its origin in the
enthusiasm aroused among the fishermen by the short course on
co-operation given by the Rev. J. D. N. MacDonald in January, 1939,
As a result, a definite grant was made by the Dominion Department
of Fisheries for a programme of work in the field of co-operation.
The aim of the work was to provide a sound educational basis for
fishermen anxious to raise their standard of living by means of
co-operative endeavour.
In engaging a staff, it was felt advisable to obtain
field workers who had had experience in the successful programme
sponsored by St. Francis Xavier University in the Maritime provinces.
Mre Norman H. MacKenzie and Mr. Alexander S. Maclntyre, both of
whom had been attached to the Extension Department of that University,
were brought to the Pacific Coast, the former for the seven-month
period, September to April, the latter for three months, January to
March.
A brief examination of conditions at specific points along
the Coast was undertaken by one of the men, after which it was
decided that an intensive programme in restricted areas would be
more effective than any attempt to meet the needs of the entire
Coast. The West Coast of Vancouver Island, for example, received
comparatively little attention from the field workers. On the other
hand, the Queen Charlotte Islands and Prince Rupert were given a
great deal of assistance in the organization of study clubs, with
the result that five credit unions were incorporated in this area
alone.
In the first year of operation, it was considered
advisable to stress the credit union as the most suitable form
of co-operative organization with which to begin. The credit union
should help to meet the immediate credit needs of the fishermen,
and as it is one of the simplest forms of co-operation, it provides
valuable experience for later co-operative activities. Moreover,
in the newly-formed study clubs, the members become acquainted with
the technical details of the operation of a co-operative, and gain
an understanding of the basic philosophy of the whole movement.
The credit unions encourage thrift, and eventually will supply the
needed capital for other co-operative undertakings. 43.
In the opinion of those connected with the work, a
sound educational foundation has been laid during the past year
for the development of a vigorous co-operative movement. Interest
is keen in most districts in which the work has been carried on.
This is a war-time programme that is contributing to increased
efficiency and improved civilian morale.
The attitude of the Department of Fisheries towards the
work accomplished may be judged from one striking fact: despite
the general war policy of the Dominion Government of enforcing
rigorous economy in all non-military expenditures, and despite
the fact that the total budget of the Fisheries Department was
reduced by approximately 36 per cent, the grant for the cooperative work in British Columbia was renewed on the same basis
as for the preceding year.
The Director of the American Association for Adult
Education has shown a special interest in the report covering
this work, and has asked permission to publish it in the next
issue of the Journal of Adult Education.
The Rural Leadership School.
The Rural Leadership School held at the Forestry Camp,
University Hill, was an educational event of considerable
significance. An attempt was made to use a modified form of the
Danish"folk school"for the purpose of training rural youth in
community leadership. There is every indication that the
experiment was an unqualified success.
The purpose of the school was to give those students
who had shown promise of leadership while attending the two and
three weeks' schools further training so that they might be better
able to help carry on the work in their own communities. After
the first year's work with Rural Occupational Schools it was
clearly shown that the work would not have permanent value unless
there was a continuation of interest after the short course school
had left the district. The course in leadership was planned so
that there might be someone in eaoh community with training in
leadership who had some idea of the problems facing the rural
community and of ways of attacking them.
Ninety-one students were brought from fifty-four
communities in the Province. Forty-six of the students had
attended Rural Occupational Schools in their own communities and
the remainder of the students were selected from areas in which
schools had not yet been held.
A wide variety of courses were given, with three
purposes in mind: (1) to give practical instruction in those
techniques which are necessary in the daily life on the farm; 44.
(2) to help the students understand some of the privileges and
responsibilities of citizenship and to study ways in which they
might contribute to their own communities; (3) to give a general
picture of agriculture and its place in our present complex
society and to show that farming may be a desirable occupation.
Instruction was given by members of the Youth Training
staff, faculty members, and outside lecturers. Full co-operation
was received from all sections of the University in making
available to the students the resources of the institution. Since
many of the students had not previously visited Vancouver, the
best possible use was made of points of educational interest in
the city.
It is a conviction very strongly held by those who
have taken part in the schools or watched their work, that after
two years of operation, they now deserve recognition as an
essential feature of rural life. During the war period in
particular it is felt that they may play an important role. The
encouragement of progressive rural citizenship will prove a
valuable aid in the maintenance of civilian morale: the introduction and explanation of the latest agricultural methods will
be an important factor in increasing the efficiency of production.
Later these schools may provide an excellent basis for post-war
reconstruction.
An annual report covering this work received special
commendation from the Dominion Department of Labour, and at its
request copies were sent to all Ministers of Education and
Directors of Youth Training in Canada.
Respectfully submitted,
GORDON Mo SHRUM,
Director of University Extension. ♦5-
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE UNIVERSITY
HEALTH SERVICE
(Numerous tables and charts, which formed a
part of the original report, have not been
included in the following statement)
* ^ tt ^® have tne honor to present the Thirteenth Annual Report
of the Health Service of the University of British Columbia. While
the sum total of activities has increased and some innovations have
been inaugurated, we are pleased to feel that the Health Service is
becoming more firmly established in the life of the University and
the quality of the work is keeping pace with the quantity.
A student on entering University receives a physical
examination. This examination, however, is but the first step in
the health programme. Defects are often found, some trivial, and
others of such a degree that may conceivably provide a handicap to
the successful completion of a strenuous academic programme. Our
purpose, however, is not to debar students with obvious defects from
embarking upon an academic career, unless the degree of defectiveness
is extreme, but rather to suggest ways and means whereby such students
may carry on to the best of their abilities.
Many defects are open to correction and students are advised
as to remedial measures, and the probable effect such correction may
have on future health.  Students with non-remedial defects, such as
organic heart lesions, are encouraged and the pitfalls which they
must avoid are pointed out. Particular attention is given to students
suffering from conditions such as tuberculosis, and in this regard
every attempt is made to have the student carry on unless the disease
is advanced and active. Follow up is an integral part of the health
programme and preliminary examinations are supplemented by consultations
whenever necessary. When this programme is carried through it becomes
a powerful instrument in health education, guiding the student along
correct scientific health channels. He may learn to discriminate
between health fact and fallacy and be in a position to advance personal
and community health when he takes his place in the workaday world.
We are pleased to consider the medical office of the University as a
centre for such health information and advice.
During the Session 1001 physical examinations were completed.
This is the largest number on record, the former high being 854 in
1937-38. Examinations were conducted on all first year students,
students of other years returning after an interval of at least four
years, graduate students, all first string athletes, and the Cafeteria
staff.  Reciprocal arrangements were made with Dr. Lamont, who
examined 74 students in connection with C.O.T.O. examinations, the  ^
Health Service performing other tests on this Group, such as urinalysis
and tuberculin testing.
To prevent students from entering into physical activity which
would menace health, the Department of Physical Education was immediately
notified regarding the physical rating of each student examined with 46.
recommendations for exercise.    If improvement  subsequently occurred
in a student's physical capacity for exercise,  the Department was
so notified.    Seventy-three male athletes were given special
examinations before engaging in major sports.    Women athletes were
also routinely examined.     It is felt that  this is a most necessary
precaution as 17.2 per oent.   of students examined were found to
have a reduced capacity for exercise at the time of initial
examination.
With the co-operation of the  Division of Tuberoulosis
Control, Provincial Board  of Health, new students were given the
Tuberculin Test and the positive reactors were given a chest X-ray
by the Travelling Chest Clinic under Dr.  Kincaide which operated
from the Office of the Health Service at the University.    Certain
other students were tested during the term and were referred either
to the private physician or the Division for further examination.
Careful check was kept on several healed cases of Tuberculosis
during the year and arrangements made for the observation of contaots
and suspects.    A total of 631 students were given the Tuberculin
Test and 381 were X-rayed.    This is the highest number on record.
The proportion of positive reactors showed an increase over last
Session, and,  as previously, the urban rate was higher than the
rural.
In spite of the  increased tuberculin positive rate,  an
actual increase in the number of cases was not apparent.    In
addition to  the  four diagnosed cases,  ten were classified for
observation and further check.
Student examinations revealed many defects,   some serious
and others not.  It is of interest that  44,5 per cent,   of students
examined required follow up for correction of defects or further
investigation.      Some of the  commoner defects are shown as
follows:
Percentage of Students
Eyes 33.1 Faulty vision represents the
Skin 20.8 defective condition most
Genito-Urinary 16.5 commonly found and accounts
Feet 15.1 for 97 per cent,   of all eye
Upper Respiratory 13.5 defects.'   It  is encouraging
Spine   (mostly postural) 10.1 that the majority of students
Teeth 9*5 with faulty vision had received
Functional Disorders of the correction prior to examination
Nervous System (Psychiatrical)   3.9 and only eb out 4 per cent.
remained to be treated.
This year particular attention was paid to the skin of the
extremities and 4.7 per cent,   of students shewed evidence of
epidermophyton (athlete's foot).    This condition, while not  serious,
is  contagious and students were instructed in prophylactic measures
to prevent the  spread of the  infection. 47.
Abnormalities and chronic infections of the nose and
throat were common, and the need for corrective measures was pointed
out.
Abnormalities of the Genito-Urinary Systems were also
apparent including both functional and organic defects, most of which
were amenable to treatment. Students were advised how to proceed
to obtain necessary treatment.
Structural deformities of the lower extremities were
noted in 15,1 per cent, of students and postural and structural
deformities of the spine were not uncommon. Many of these conditions
may be reasonably corrected by appropriate exercises with subsequent
benefit to health. Prophylactic measures along these lines, which
should start from birth, will prevent, in many cases, the occurrence
of deformities and disabilities in later life.
That only 3.9 per cent, of students examined were found to
have functional disorders of the nervous system is probably an understatement. This figure refers only to those students who manifested
signs of functional nervous disorder and personality defects, and
ignores a large number of minor disorders which may be quite easily
missed during the course of a rather speedy examination.
The total number of visits to the Health Office has increased
greatly this year. Total visits are all inclusive and include visits
for purposes of examination, other tests, consultations, first aid
and health advice, certification for re-admission following illness,
also for purposes of observation of contacts of communicable disease.
Visits regarding Communicable Disease, including the Common Cold,
were prominent, but happily the year ended without a major outbreak
of communicable disease.
Table 6. (not included in this report) , shows the number
of students attending the University who are potentially susceptible
to some of the commoner Communicable Diseases. These figures are
obtained by including those students who gave no history of previous
disease and who had received no preventive inoculations. It is
observed that 17.6 per cent, of students are potentially susceptible
to Smallpox.  In other words, these students have never had Smallpox
or been vaccinated.  In the case of the students examined this year
it is interesting to note that more students from the Greater Vancouver
area were found to be successfully vaccinated against Smallpox, than
from the rural areas. The proportion is almost two to one. Provincial Regulations require that all persons resident in the Province
be vaccinated. The alternative to this is that they submit evidence
of insusceptibility to vaccination, or that they may be exempt on
account of illness. Those who, on conscientious grounds, oppose
vaccination must produce an affidavit to this effect sworn to before
a Magistrate or Commissioner for Taking Oaths,  Students on entering
University are required under this provision to show evidence of
previous successful vaccination or to be vaccinated if not already
done, or to produce an affidavit as a conscientious objector. These
measures are necessary to protect not only the individual but also 48.
the University.     One hundred and forty-seven vaccinations against Smallpox were performed this year,  as against  115 the preceding year.    Twenty-
six students were immunized against Diptheria,  23 against Scarlet Fever
and 17  against Typhoid Fever.    There    is approximately a 75 per cent,
increase in the number of immunizations performed over last.    As prevention of disease is an integral part of our Health Programme, we are
glad to provide this service and to discuss with any student the value
of such procedures.
The Health Service has taken an interest  in Campus Sanitation.
The Director,  during the  Christmas vacation,  in company with Mr.  Lee
made an inspection of University buildings.    Visits were also made    '
during the  course of the year by the Inspectors from the Division of
Food Control and Sanitary Engineering, Metropolitan Health Committee.
From January to March 1940 part-time Services were devoted
to the Training School for Rural Leadership,  under the Department of
University Extension.    All students were given a physical examination.
Tests including the Tuberculin Test,  Chest X-ray, and Kahn Tests were
performed with the co-operation of the Provincial Departments of
Venereal Disease and Tuberculosis Control and the Division of Laboratories,
Toward the latter end of the  school period the  services of Miss Lucille
Malkin,   a nurse trained in Public Health? were utilized part time,   and
opportunities were afforded for instruction in Hygiene, First Aid and
Home Nursing.    A separate report of our Services on behalf of this  School
has been forwarded to the Director of University Extension.
From November to April, Miss Upshall, in co-operation with
the Department of Nursing and Health, conducted classes in Red Cross
Home Nursing.     A total of 24 students were in attendance.
The Director was pleased to co-operate with various Departments
of the University in the giving of lectures.    Nine lectures on Sanitation
were delivered to the  class of Final Year Nurses in the Department of
Nursing and Health,  and four lectures  on Communicable Diseases and one
on Municipal Public Health Administration were given to Social Service
Students in the Department  of Sociology.    One talk was  also  given to
the Munro Pre-Medical Club.
Dr.  Gundry, the Director of the Division of Mental Hygiene,
Metropolitan Health Committee, delivered one lecture to the Students of
the Teacher Training Course and Dr,  D.  H. Williams, Director of the
Division of Venereal Disease Control, Provincial Board of Health,
addressed the students of the Rural Training School.    Dr.  J.  S.  Cull,
Assistant Provincial Health Officer,  gave one lecture to the Social
Service Students in the Department of Sociology.
With the assistance of Dr. Dolman plans for new quarters to
be devoted to Health Services in the proposed Institute of Preventive
Medicine were submitted.
We were pleased to have the  services of a full-time Clerical
Assistant in the Office from September 1st,  1939 to May 31st, 1940.
With the increased load the Department has been carrying this assistance
has been invaluable. 49.
In the Annual Reports of the past few years it has been
noted that a considerable number of psychiatric difficulties became
apparent in the course of the routine work of the Health Service and
the advisability of adding to the staff of the Medical Service a
physician whose training would enable him to deal with emotional
problems was suggested. An attempt was made this year to initiate
such a service.
It has been noted that 39 students (3.9 per cent.) presented
evidence of functional nervous disorder at the time of initial
examination. Twenty-five students with symptoms referable to the
nervous system were seen during the course of the year, of whom 13
presented evidence of neurotic manifestations. We were fortunate in
having the services of Dr. C H. Gundry, Director of the Division of
Mental Hygiene, Metropolitan Health Committee, for consultation in
many of these cases. In psychiatrical work the same distinction should
be maintained between prevention and treatment which is adhered to in
other branches of the Service.  Our objective is primarily prevention
and so our interest must, in future, centre on those students who
evidence what might be termed minor personality changes, rather than
upon the student whose neurotic tendencies are immediately apparent
and for whom immediate psychiatric treatment is necessary. Mental
Hygiene is different, it seeks out the mild case, and by helpful advice
develops a special insight into personal problems and maintains the
individual on the road of mental stability.
Apart from the figures presented above, we know there are
many more cases showing mild personality difficulties. Work that has
been done in other Universities indicates that a much greater percentage of students have problems severe enough to warrant thorough
investigation and advice.  Furthermore, we know that among well-
educated adults there is a rather disturbing amount of neurotic illness.
At the University of Pennsylvania in the year 1937-38, it was found that
16.4 per cent, of the total number of freshmen had ffeirly severe
personality problems. It was recently stated by the Surgeon General
of the United States that nervous and mental disorders presented the
largest unsolved problem in medicine. One thing we know about this
problem is that the definite mental disabilities that affect such a
large proportion of the total population are of very gradual development and that in most cases people who ultimately become disabled as a
result of mental illness present symptoms of poor personality adjustment
by the time they are of university age. It is thus clearly of great
importance that well-educated members of the Community should have some
knowledge of the problems of mental illness in general and should have
help in dealing with their own emotional difficulties in particular.
Next year an attempt will be made to detect a greater
number of cases by means of an improved questionnaire which freshmen
will be asked to fill in. This will not be set up in such a way as to
create an artificial contrast between the mental and physical aspects
of health. It has been the custom to take a short health history of
entrants to the University and this is to be extended in the hope that
some clues may be obtained about personality adjustment. This may be
a means of bringing more of the unknown poorly-adjusted students to
our attention. 50.
The co-operation of the Faculty is requested in this
regard.  It is often difficult for an Instructor to judge the
severity of emotional problems of College students, problems which
can often be brought to light and solved by discussion with a
trained psychiatrist.
Academic achievement is not a good index of mental health;
in fact, the drive which makes for high scholastic standing may be
neurotic in origin. There may be opportunities to discuss the
problems of student mental health with members of the Faculty, either
individually or in groups, and the Health Service will be very glad
to take part in such discussions.
The small beginning that has been made this year in connection
with Mental Hygiene should not be considered discouraging. It is
much better to have a programme like this grow slowly and unostentatiously
than to have it display a precocious growth that is not healthy.
The problem of overcrowding is ever present. Temporary
facilities provided for the Fall Examinations have proved reasonably
satisfactory, but the small quarters of the Medical Office are often
taxed to capacity and it is felt that much good work may be partially
undone by the difficulty in obtaining satisfactory privaoy during
many consultations. The use of quarters adjoining the Medical Office
would be greatly appreciated.
Summer Session
By arrangement with the Directors of the Summer Session and
the Metropolitan Health Committee, Health Services were continued for
the Summer Session. Miss Upshall was present in the Medical Office,
mornings only, for First Aid, Student Consultation and Health Advice.
The Director was available for examination and consultation purposes.
Increased student interest in these Services is evidenced
by the increased attendance at the Medical Office. For the Session
19 38, 35 individuals reported to the Office, and a total of 99 visits
were made.  The figures for 1939 indicate a gratifying increase.
Owing to the short summer session, the Health Services are
only carried on in a modified form. To date, students are not required
to register at the Medical Office and there is no provision for the
examination of new students, apart from University Registrants who are
routinely checked during the regular Fall and Winter Sessions.   The
service, therefore, has been on a voluntary basis.  That is, any
student has the privilege of visiting the Medical Office for Health
reasons. That this programme is open to criticism is proven by the
chance finding of an open case of Pulmonary Tuberculosis toward the end
of the Session. This case should have been diagnosed earlier and the
danger to contacts would have been eliminated if the student in question
had contacted the Health Service early in the Session,
Plans have been laid and provisions made for all new students
attending the Summer Session 1940 to fill out a Health Questionnaire and
submit this form in person to the Medical Office.  In this manner personal 51.
health may be discussed frankly with members of the Staff and such
recommendations made as suit the individual case.      Physical
examinations and other tests may be required when the Health Questionnaire and interview indicate a suspected pathological condition.    The
objectives of this Service,  as with the University Health Service
are, Health Education of the student  and prevention of spread of
disease amongst the student body.
There have been many contacts with members of the University Staff during the Year and we appreciate the kindly critioism,
helpful advice,  and co-operative spirit which have been manifest
in our mutual associations.    It is felt that progress has been made
and it is our hope that continued effort may be maintained.
We are also indebted to the various Divisions of the
Provincial Board of Health, namely Laboratories, Tuberculosis
Control and Venereal Disease Control,  for extending their servioes
to include a large portion of our diagnostic work.
Respectfully yours,
J. S. Kitching, B.A.,M.D., D.P.H.,
Director,
University Health Services.
M.  Upshall, P.H.N.,
Nurse-in-Char ge. 52.
REPORT OF THE INSTRUCTOR IN PHYSICAL
EDUCATION FOR MEN
A Required Programme
Recent  changes in the gymnasium and stadium facilities
have made it possible to accommodate enough men to carry on a
required programme  for all first year students and at the same time
provide recreational opportunities for other students interested
in more advanced work.
The benefits of physical education at the University of
British Columbia should be extended.    As a form of health insurance
for future graduates,  there should be a required programme for all
first and second year students,   so that  every man registered at the
University could learn at least  one "carry over"  sport.
Reorganization of Equipment and Facilities
During the session 1939-40 an additional grant  of $1,000.00
to Physical Education made it possible to move the students'   athletic
equipment to the stadium,   leaving the southeast room in the  gymnasium
available for the men's Physical Education office,  and a small
reading room.    At the same time an equipment room for the men was
constructed in the north dressing room and the former men's Physical
Education office made over into a women's equipment room.    This
arrangement makes it possible to conduct all the men's administrative
routine on the east side of the gymnasium and greatly facilitates
both the men's and the women's programme.
A basket system was inaugurated during this session with
the construction of racks and the purchasing of 350 baskets.    Since
that time the purchase of an additional 600 baskets has made it
possible to accommodate 950 men in the gymnasium.
Some changes have also been made in the inner room of the
stadium to supplement the gymnasium and also to provide space and
equipment at  all hours of the day.    The  stadium is now equipped with
a boxing ring,  punching bags, weight-lifting apparatus,  and ping pong
facilities.    A certain amount of floor space is also available for
other activities.
Registration
The number of men registering early in the session was
rather small  (250), but a new system of rating the students physically,
devised with the co-operation of the Health Service, built this total
up to nearly 400.    Most of the additional group was composed of men
who were in special need of some type of Physical Education. 53.
Programme
The programme remained very much the same as in the
previous session with the exception of special activities provided
for the classes developed from the group recommended by the Health
Service,
Intramurals
The intramural programme consisted of twelve teams
competing in twelve different  sports.    There was a total participation
of approximately 900 men representing 425 different  individuals.    If
it were possible  for all men to be free for the  same late afternoon
hours twice a week,  a programme of twenty different  sports would
allow every man in the University to take part in some athletic
activity.
Respeotfully submitted,
M.   L. VAN VLIET,
Instructor in Physical Education
for Men. 54.
REPORT OF THE INSTRUCTOR IN
PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR WOMEN
Registration.
Women's registration for Physical Education activities
in the Session 1939-40 remained approximately the same as in
former years - between 450 and 500.      The work was enthusiastically
supported by WDmen in the  upper years and it was through their
efforts that registration of women in the first year was very
satisfactory.
Programme.
The programme was carried out  on the  same basis as in
former years.    The majority of women's classes were held in the
morning.    Afternoons were given to informal activities - organizing,
student meetings and interviews.
Classes
Gymnasium classes included informal talks on posture
with related Keep-Fit exercises. Tumbling, light apparatus and
group games were also taught in these periods.
Material in the Dancing classes consisted of fundamental
rhythms, folk, national and tap dancing.  Lessons were given in
Archery, Badminton, Tennekoit, Ping-pong, Volleyball and lead-up
games for the various team sports.
A course in Recreational Leadership covered the theory
of play and play leadership,- material to be used in all types of
recreational activity and practice teaching of these activities.
The women in attendance at the Rural School Course under
the Department of University Extension were given assistance through
the class in Recreational Leadership by being admitted for instruction
during the time they were at the University. This class was found
to be useful for women in schools, playgrounds and social service
work.
Sports.
A women's Archery team competed with eleven other teams
across Canada in universities and colleges and won second place. 55.
Badminton for men and women was organized and supervised throughout the year for one afternoon a week.
Women's teams in Volleyball and Badminton from Western
Washington College were invited to our campus for a Guest Tournament.
Several weeks later our teams were guests on their campus. This
proved to be a very happy innovation, affording our women their
first opportunity to meet other University women in sports and to
compete in a friendly manner.
(o) Intramurals.
Tournaments were organized for women's class teams
in Volleyball, Basketball, Badminton, Tennekoit, Ping-pong and
Archery.  Seven teams were entered for competition. Tournaments
for mixed teams from the various classes were also conducted. There
were five teams competing in Volleyball.
(d)  Education Class.
in
The women in the Education Class were given instruction
dances which might be used in school programmes.
in:-
The Instructor in Physical Education for Women assisted
1. The re-organization within the TfOmen's Athletic
Directorate.
2. The training of coaches for intramurals.
3. The giving of co-operation and counsel in all activities
of the Women's Athletic Association.
4. The giving of evening classes for students in the Rural
School Course under the Department of University Extension
in recreation and in the organizing and conducting of
reoreational activities in rural communities.
5. The giving of leotures to the Social Service class on
group work in recreation.
6. The charting of women students for posture, and the
giving of counsel in matters concerning professional
standards and opportunities in Physical Education and
Recreation.
Respectfully submitted,
GERTRUDE E. MOORE,
Instructor in Physical Education
for Women. 56.
REPORT OF THE OFFICER COMMANDING
CANADIAN OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS
UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA CONTINGENT
1. INTRODUCTION.
This is the first Annual Report on the work of the
University of British Columbia Contingent, Canadian Officers'
Training Corps, to appear since the outbreak of war. Because
the date of commencement of the Contingent's training year
coincided closely with that of Canada's entry into the war,
the report gains added interest as a record of the enthusiasm
with which the Unit has faced the problems arising during
the Corps' first year as a supplying unit to the Canadian
forces on active service.
Two important innovations affecting the general policy
of the Contingent were made this year. This was the first
year in which graduates of accredited Universities have been
permitted to enlist as cadets, and this was the first year
in which undergraduates were granted academic credits for
passing the CO.T.C. qualifying examinations. These innovations
necessitated a new and increased establishment.
Another result of the war has been that nearly all those
cadets who qualified for commissions during the year have
received appointments as officers either in the C.A.S.F. or
in the more recently organized units of the N.P.A.M. In
addition to those posted to the various military units, a
number have been commissioned in the naval and air services.
Another important innovation this year was the
organization of a training course during the months of July
and August. This step was taken because of the recently
inaugurated system of compulsory cadet training in the schools,
and the course was designed primarily in order to enable
those teachers who wished to qualify as cadet instructors in
the schools to do so.
It is gratifying to record here also the fact that on
instructions from N.D.H.Q., Ottawa, June 12th, 1940, all
C.A.S.F. and N.P.A.M. units are now required to select 50
per cent, of their junior officer personnel from the qualified
CO.T.C. Cadets.
2. TRAINING.
The syllabus and method of training were altered radically
this year. The War Office examinations for Certificates "A"
and "B", which had been the qualifying standard in former
years, were abandoned by the Department of National Defence in
favour of the Canadian standards as laid down in the manual, 57.
"How to Qualify, 1938". Members of the Contingent were
restricted to qualifying only for the rank of Lieutenant,
but courses were made available in several branches of the
service, namely, Infantry (Rifle) Infantry (Machine Gun),
Artillery (Mobile), and Engineering, an arrangement whioh
entailed a considerable increase in the number of courses
offered as compared with the number in previous years. This
year, for the first time, candidates were eligible to sit
for their examinations during their first year of training,
instead of the second as had formerly been the anile.
The training of the unit was divided into four parts,
as follows:
(i)  Fall Term (Sept.19. 1939 to Nov. 30, 1939.)
(ii)  Spring Term (Jan. 8, 1940 to April 30, 1940.)
(iii)  Summer Camps:
(a) Vernon Camp,(May 13-20.  1940.)
(b) Steveston Camp,   (July 8-20,  1940.)
(iv)       Summer Session (July o to August  15,   1940.)
(i) Fall Term.
Because of the greatly increased strength of the
Unit, it was found necessary to divide the Contingent into two
training groups. Each paraded twice a week at the University,
as no armoury was available.  Group A paraded on Mondays and
Wednesdays, and Group B, on Tuesdays and Thursdays, repeated
the work covered by Group A.  During the Fall the University
of British Columbia Gymnasium was used as a temporary drill-hall,
The work covered at this time was the subject-matter of the
"First Paper, Common to all Arms". The examination for this
part of the course was written on December 16th, 1939.
(ii)  Spring Term.
At the beginning of the Spring Term the use of
the Stanley Pazk and Bessborough Armouries was arranged. Those
taking Infantry (Rifle and Machine Gun), and Engineering
received practical instruction at the Stanley Park Armoury on
Monday nights. The Infantry group also attended leotures at the
University on Wednesday evenings. Infantry candidates unable to
attend on Monday nights were enabled to take the same training
on Tuesday evenings at the Bessborough Armoury. The Engineer
candidates received theoretical instruction from officers and
warrant officers of the 6th Field Company, R.C.E, on Tuesday
evenings at the Bessborough Armoury. The Artillery candidates
took their lectures at the University on Monday evenings and
their practical work at Bessborough Armoury on Tuesday evenings.
During both Fall and Spring terms undergraduates in all branches
except Engineering had the option of taking the theoretical
part of the courses in four noon-hour lectures a week at the
University, instead of attending the evening classes. 58.
The second paper (Special to Arm) was written by
candidates in all branches on March 16th, 1940. Those who
failed the First Paper, written the previous Christmas, were
given the opportunity of writing a supplemental examination
on March 17th, 1940.
(iii) Summer Camps.
Vernon Camp.
A camp for members of the Contingent specializing
in Infantry (Rifle and Machine Gun) and Engineers was held at
Vernon, B.C. from May 12th to Hay 20th, 1940. The camp allott-
ment of 100 all ranks was filled. Practical examinations for
48 eligible candidates wore held at the conclusion of the camp.
Of the total of 48, 44 were successful. These practical
examinations completed the qualifications of the Infantry
candidates, but the Engineers required further practical training in bridging, to be taken in Vancouver at a later date. Three
of these have since taken the practical examination at the
Armouries in North Vancouver and all were successful.
Steveston Camp.
A camp for members of the Contingent specializing
in Artillery was held at  Steveston from July 8th to July 20th,
1940.    Eighteen men all ranks attended.    Qualifying examinations
were held at the conclusion of the camp and all eighteen
candidates were successful.
(iv)     Summer Session.
Approximately 175 men took the Summer Course
(July 8th to August  15th,  1940) , most of them being teachers.
The work of the Theoretical Examination,  Common to All Arms,
was completed.    The examination is to be taken in December.
Two hours a day, five days a week, were devoted
to lectures.    On Saturday afternoon voluntary parades were
held for the purpose of carrying out tactical exercises.
After the close of the course,   about  forty of
the teachers who had taken it continued in training until the
opening of the school term.    Additional work was undertaken to
help them to qualify as cadet instructors fcr the  school.
The instructional work during the  summer was
carried out  entirely by the personnel of the corps.    In this
connection the work of Captain Topping and of 2/Lts.Spring,
Bergklintr Harris,  and Black deserves special mention. 59.
3.       TRAINING.   SPECIAL
(a)      Small Arms.
A total of 250 all ranks were exercised in the
miniature range on the University Campus with .22 calibre
rifles during noon-hours and on Saturday afternoons. Of
this total of 250, 135 were given the miniature range
classification. All junior officers were exercised with
the .22 pistol.
Members of the Contingent also carried out the
practices prescribed for classification in Rifle and Light
Machine Gun (IMG) on Blair Rifle Range, North Vancouver,
B.C., during the Spring of 1940.
Infantry (M.G.) candidates were exercised with the
Vickers Medium Machine Gun.
A summary of the results obtained during the year
is appended,
(i)  Miniature Range.
Number Exercised  250
Number Classified:
1st Class  86
2nd Class  42
3rd Class   2
Total Classified 135
No. of Officers exercised in .22 pistol   12
(ii)  Outdoor Range.
Rifle
Number Exercised  264
Number Classified:
1st Class  76
2nd Class  24
3rd Class.    2
Total Classified 109
L.M.G.
Number Exercised  221
Number Classified:
1st Class  63
2nd Class  22
Total Classified 85
*
Vickers M.M.G.
Number Exercised         36 60.
(°) Anti-Gas Training.
In spite of the shortage of respirators and lack
of facilities and equipment, 260 all ranks were passed through
the instructional gas chamber, and a large number of these
were given instruction in the principles of defence against
gas and in the use of the respirator.
c) Tactical Training.
Saturday afternoon parades were held weekly during
the Spring months. A large number of tactical exercises were
carried out, giving all members of the unit who attended an
opportunity to handle troops in the field.
4. ANNUAL INSPECTION
The Annual Inspection of the Contingent by the
District Officer Commanding M.D. No. 11, Brigadier C, V.
Stockwell, D.S.O., and his staff, took place on the afternoon
of April 27th, 1940, at the University Stadium.  The
total parade strength was as follows:
Officers and attached Officers   18
Other Ranks  201
Total All Ranks 219
The Inspecting Officer commented very favourably on
th© smartness of the men and on their efficiency in Drill,
Small Arms Training, and the other branches of their work.
5. INSTRUCTIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
Because of the great Increase in enrolment and the
fact that the training course was compressed into a one-year
period instead of the two years as before the war, the size
of the instructional  staff was enlarged considerably.
Major E.  J, D. Edmonds,   1st Anti-Aircraft Regt.,
R.C.A., was posted to the Unit  in October as Chief Instructor.
He was assisted by Q.M.S.I.A.A.Smith, P.P.O.L.I.   (I.C),   and
by Sgt.  A.  Hamon,   1st A.A.Regt.,  R.C.A. , who was  loaned until
Christmas to help prepare instructional precis.     During the
Christmas vacation Q.M.S.I.Smith left the Contingent after ten
years'   service as its instructor,  to be commissioned in his
own unit,  the P.P.C.L,I.    His work with the Contingent has
always been outstanding.
In January,  Capt.  C.A.Baker,  1st Searchlight Regt.,
R.C.A.,  and C.S.M.  A.  E.  Jones, B.C.Regt.(D.C.O.R.), were
detailed as instructors to assist Major Edmonds.    These
instructors carried on until the conclusion of the Corps'
regular activities at the end of March.     Capt,  Baker and
C.S.M.  Jones also helped in the training of the Contingent 61.
while at Vernon Camp in May.
On July 10th, Sergeant H. A. Harcourt, No. 11,
"A" Company, Veterans' Guard, was posted to the Unit as
Instructor, Sergeant Harcourt is still with the Contingent.
6. SOCIAL ACTIVITIES.
The first Banquet of the Contingent since 1928
was held at the Hotel Vancouver, December l6th, 1939. Members
of the Military Committee, officers of the Vancouver Garrison,
and others were the guests of the Unit on this occasion.
The tenth annual ball was held in the ballroom of
the Brock Memorial Building on the University Campus, March
19th, 1940, Officers of the General Staff in Victoria, of
the Vancouver Area, and Members of the Military Committee
were guests of the Contingent on this occasion.
7. GENERAL COMMENTS.
(a) Training.
The many problems which had to be overcome in the
successful completion of the year's training threw a heavier
load than ever before upon the officers and non-commissioned
officers of the Unit. Although their duties were onerous
they were carried out with unfailing enthusiasm.
(b) Discipline.
There were no breaches of discipline during the
year.
Ordnance Inspection.
There was no Ordinance Inspection this year, pressure
of work in connection with the prosecution of the war having
prevented the District Inspecting Officers from carrying out
such inspection.
(d) Annual Audit.
The Annual Audit of Regimental Funds was carried
out on 20th October,  1939, by a Board appointed for the
purpose.    The books and accounts of the Contingent were found
correct. 62.
8. ALTERATIONS TO QUARTERS.
In addition to the improvements listed in last
year's report, the  room formerly used by the Students'  Book
Exchange was taken over by the  Contingent and altered for use
as a meeting and reading room.
9. NOTE OF APPRECIATION BY THE COMMANDING OFFICER.
The Commanding Officer wishes to record his thanks
and appreciation for the assistance and co-operation afforded
him by the Chancellor, the President, the Board of Governors,
the Committee on Military Education, the District Officer
Commanding Military District No. 11, and Staff, the Officers
Commanding the Vancouver Units of the C.A.S.F., and the
N.P.A.M. the Officer Commanding the Vancouver Defence Forces,
and all others who have contributed to the suocess of the
Cont ingent.
Respectfully submitted,
G. M. SHRUM,
Lieutenant-Colonel,
Commanding U.B.C Contingent, CO.T.C. ^3.
PUBLICATIONS
FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF BACTERIOLOGY AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE:
Dr. C E, Dolman:
"The Kitten Test for Staphylococcus Enterotoxin",
Canadian Public Health Journal, No. 31, 1940, p. 68.
"Samuel Bennett, Seth Alden and the Lag",
Canadian Nurse, Vol. 35, No. 11, November, 1939.
Article: "Pasteurization Makes All Milk Safe",
Vancouver Daily Province Health Supplement,
November 28th, 1939.
Dr. D. C. B. Duff:
Abstraot: "The Filtrable Forms of Bacterium salmonicida
and of Other Species", Proceedings, Third International
Congress for Microbiology, New York, 1940, pp. 164-165.
Dr, D. C B. Puff. Miss M. I. MacArthur and Miss H. G. Thompson:
"Observations on the Viability of Bacterium salmonicida",
Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada,
Vol. 5, No. 1, 1940, pp. 1-7.
Dr. L. E. Ranta:
Abstract: "The Role of Vitamins in Nutrition",
Publication of the Health Education Group of Vancouver,
issued by the B.C.Board of Health, Vol. 6, April, 1940,
PP. 8-15.
"The Modern Conception of Scarlet Fever",
The Canadian Nurse, June, 1940, Vol. 36, pp. 355-358.
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY:
Dr. A. H. Hutchinson:
"Life's Processes" - An Outline of a Course in Basie Biology ■
34 pages, The University of British Columbia, June, 1940. 64.
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY:
Dr. R. H, Clark:
"The Intravenous Feeding of Amino Acids",
American Journal of Digestive Diseases,
Vol. VI, 3, May, 1939-
Republished by the Vancouver Medical Association,
March, 1940.
Dr. William Ure and Dr. J. A, Harris:
"Experimental Chemistry for Colleges", (New Edition),
McGraw-Hill Book Co., July, 1940, 123 pages.
Dr. M. J. Marshall and Mr. Robert A. Findlay:
"The Equilibrium Pressures of Oxygen on Activated
Charcoal", Canadian Journal of Researoh, B. 18, 35, 1940.
DEPARTMENT OF CLASSICS:
Dr. 0. J. Todd:
"An Inelegant Greek Verse",
The Classical Quarterly,  Vol. XXXIII,  Nos.   3 and 4,
July-October, 1939, PP.  163-165.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE:
Dr. A, W. Currie:
"Freight Rates on Grain in Western Canada",
The Canadian Historical Review, XXI, March, 1940,
pp. 40-55.
"Corporation Law before 1840",
The Canadian Chartered Accountant, XXXVI, May, 1940,
PP. 321-327.
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY:
Mr. H. F. Angus:
"An Analysis of the Report of the Royal Commission on
Dominion-Provincial Relations",
Industrial Canada, XLI, No.   4, August,  1940, pp.  34-37-
Book Reviews in Canadian Political Science Journal and
Pacific Affairs. 6*.
Department of Economics. Political Science and
Sociology (continued):
Mr. H. F. Angus - continued.-
Editor: Institute of Pacific Relations,
Inquiry Series.
Mr. G. F. Drummond:
Article: "The Relation between Changes in the
Rural Population and the Trend of Agricultural
Production in British Columbia", Scientific Agriculture,
September, 1939.
Article: "Variations in Cost", Canadian Journal
of Economics and Political Science, November, 1939*
Article: "Financing War is Huge Problem",
Vancouver Daily Province, January 27th, 1940.
Article: "Economics of War. Britain to use up Foreign
Investments to pay her Way", Vancouver Daily Province,
January 28th, 1940.
Article: "National Financing in War: Wartime Control
of Trade", Vancouver Daily Province, January 30th,
1940.
Article: "Economic Co-ordination Vital", Vancouver
Daily Province, February 1st, 1940.
Article: "Economic Planning Needed", Vancouver
Daily Province, February 5th, 1940.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION:
Dr. M. A. Cameron:
Article: "The Spens Report", The School,
September, 1939=
Dr. D. H. Russell:
Article: "The Prevention and Remedy of Reading
Difficulties in Smaller Schools", The School, XXVIII,
January and February, 1940, pp. 387-392; 485-489.
Article: "The Improvement of Reading in Elementary
Schools", Modern Instructor, VIII, September, 1939
to June, 1940. (Ten articles) 66.
Department of Education (continued)
Dr. D. H. Russell - continued.-
Article: "The Language Arts in Rural Schools".
Saskatchewan Teachers Federation Bulletin VI,
March, 1940, pp. 24-26.
Review: "Gray Oral Reading Check Tests; Australian
Council for Educational Research Spelling Tests",
Mental Measurements Yearbook 1939, Rutgers University
Press, 1940.
Dr. D. H. Russell. Dr. A. I. Gates and Dr. G. L. Bondt
"Methods of Determining Reading Readiness",
Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia
University, New York, 1939, 55 pages.
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH:
Dr. D. Blakey and Mr. A. C. Cooke: (See Department of History)
Pamphlet: "The Preparation of Term Essays",
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 1939, 18 pp.
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY:
Dr, C 0. Swanson:
Article: "The Use of the Dip Needle in Mapping
Structure", The Miner, November, 1939, PP. 54-58.
Dr. H. C. Gunning and Dr. J. W. Ambrose:
"The Timiskaming-Keewatin Problem in the Rouyn-Harricanaw
Region, North-Western Quebec", Trans. Royal Society of
Canada, Section IV, 3rd Series, Vol.  33,  1939, PP.  19-50.
Dr. W.  C.   Gussow,  Dr.   J. W. Ambrose and Dr. H. C. Gunning:
Preliminary Map - "Clerioy Map-Area, Quebec", Paper 39-71
Report of the Canadian Geological Survey,  1939.
Dr.  J. W. Ambrose and Dr. H.  C.  Gunning:
Preliminary Map "La Pause Area,  Quebec", Paper 39-12,
Report of the Canadian Geological Survey, 1939.
Dr.  H.  C.  Gunning and Dr.  J. W.  Ambrose:
"Malartic Area,  Quebec", Memoir 222,
Report of the Canadian Geological Survey,  1940,
142 pages,   4 maps,  8 plates,  8 figures. 67.
Department of Geology and Geography   (continued) :
Dr. H. V. Warren:
"An Occurrence of Cosalite in British Columbia",
University of Toronto Studies, Geological Series,
No. 42, 1939, PP. 151-155.
Article: "British Columbia's Minerals and the War",
B.C.Miner, October, 1939, P. 32.
Dr. H. V. Warren and Mr. A. G. Lyle:
"The Size and Mineralogical Distribution of Gold
Particles in a Flotation Feed Sample, Britannia, B.C.",
Bulletin, Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy,
August, 1940, pp. 1-11.
Dr. H. V. Warren. Mr. R. F. Ohlson. Mr. H. W. Little and
Mr. E, A. Schmidt:
Article: "Variations in the Distribution of Tailings
Losses in some B.C.Gold Mines", B.C.Miner, February,
1940, p, 28.
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY:
Dr. W. N. Sage:
"The Position of the Lieutenant-Governor in British
Columbia in the years following Confederation",
in Studies in Canadian History,  edited by R.  Flenley,
Toronto, The Macmillan Company of Canada,  1939,
pp.   178-203.
Article:  "Hitler's War on Christianity",
The  Canadian Churchman, Toronto, May 9th and
May 16th,  1940, pp.  294;  311-12.
Dr.  W.  N.  Sage and Mr.   A. S. Morton:
Review:  "The Canadian West to 1870-71",
B.  C  Historical Quarterly, October,  1939, PP.  301-304.
Mr.  F. H.  Soward:
"Moulders of National Destinies", Second Edition,
November, 1939, revised and enlarged, 239 pages,
Oxford University Press, Toronto; Oxford University
Press, New York.
Review: L. E. Ellis, "Reciprocity 1911",
Pacific Northwest Quarterly, January, 1940, p. 122. 68.
Department of History (continued):
Mr. F. H. Soward:
Review: "Conference on Canadian-American Affairs,
1939", Pacific Affairs, June, 1940, pp. 240-241.
Reviews: Numerous reviews for the Magazine Section
of the Vancouver Daily Province.
Mr. A. C. Cooke and Dr. D. Blakey: (See Department of English)
Pamphlet: "The Preparation of Term Essays",
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, 1939,
18 pages.
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS:
Dr. D. Buchanan:
"A Transformation to the Normal Form", Rendiconti del
Circolo Matematico di Palermo, February, 1939, PP.  1»3»
Dr.  R.  Hull:
"The Representation of Integers in Forms",
National Mathematics Magazine, Vol. XIV, No. 5,
February, 1940, pp. 1-18,
DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES
Dr. A, F. B. Clark:
rd
"Jean Racine",  Vol. XVI of Harvard Studies in
Comparative Literature, Harvard University Press
Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.    In England by the Oxford
University Press, pp. xiv 354.
"Racine,  1639-I699", University of Toronto Quarterly,
Vol.  IX, No.  1,  October, 1939, PP.  38-49.
Articles:  "Talks on Art", B.CTeacher, April,  1940,
Vol. XIX, No.  8, pp.  405-07; May,  1940, Vol. XIX, No.  9,
pp.  454-56;  June,  1940,  Vol. XIX,  No.   10,  pp.   501-05.
Mr.  R.  Hilton:
"Maurice Barres and Spain", Romanic Review, XXX, 1939,
pp. 280-299.
"Biographies of Personajes Ilustres", Hispanic Review,
VIII, 1940, pp. 248-254. 69.
Department of Modern Languages (continued):
Mr. R. Hilton-continued«-
"Campoamor, Spain and the World", University of Toronto
Press, 1940, 152 pages.
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY:
Mr. J, A. Irving:
Abstraot: "The Teaching of Social Philosophy",
School and Society, Vol. 51, No. 1318, March 30th,
1940, pp. 416-17.
Article: "The Principal Psychological Writings of
Stanley D. Porteus", Vancouver Daily Provinoe,
July 13th, 1940.
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS:
Dr. H. D. Smith and Mr. J. K. Marshall:
"Method of Obtaining Long Optical Paths",
Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 30,
No. 8, August, 1940, pp. 338-342.
Dr. G. M. Volkoff:
"The Oppenheimer-Phillips Process", The Physical
Review, Vol. 57, No. 10, May 15th, 1940, pp. 866-876.
Dr, R. F. Christy and Dr. J. M, Keller:
"X-ray Spin Doublet Splittings", Physical Review, 56,
856, October,15th, 1939.
Dr. W. H. Goss;
"A New Method for the Measurement of Work Functions",
Physical Review, Vol. 56, October 15th, 1939, P. 857«
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY:
Dr. C McLean Fraser:
"Seven New Species and One New Genus of Hydroids,
Mostly From the Atlantio Ocean", Proceedings of
the United States National Museum, Vol. 88, No. 309Q,
Washington, 1940, pp. 575-580, 2 plates.
"Hydroid Notes: Perigonimus pugetensis Heath: A
Pelagic Hydroid from Friday Harbor", Trans. Royal
Society of Canada, 3, XXXIII, Sec. 5, October, 1939,
PP. 23-28. 70.
Department of Zoology (continued):
Dr. W, A. Clemens:
"Contributions to the Life History of the Sockeye Salmon",
No. 25, Report of the B.C.Fisheries Department, 1940,
pp. 26-38.
"The Migration of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia
Waters", A.A.A.S, Publication No. 8, 1939, PP. 51-59.
Dr. W. A. Clemens. Mr. D. S. Rawson and Mr. J. L. McHugh:
"A Biological Survey of Okanagan Lake, British Columbia",
Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada,
No. 56, 1939, PP. 1-7C
Mr. G. J. Spencer:
"Ectoparasites of Birds and Mammals of British Columbia
IV: The Parasites of Bats", Proceedings of the B.C.
Entomologioal Society, 36, February, 1940, pp, l6»l8#
"Ectoparasites of Birds and Mammals of British Columbia
V: Parasites of Domestic Animals (Mammals)", Proceedings
of the B.C.Entomological Society, 36, February, 1940.
pp. 19-23.
FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY:
Mr. F. Malcolm Knapp:
"Some Aspects of Forestry in British Columbia",
an address delivered before the Vancouver Institute
and published under its auspices.
DEPARTMENT.OF MINING AND METALLURGY:
Mr. F. A. Forward:
Article: "What About Research?",
B. C. Miner, March, 1940.
Article: "The Annual Meeting of the C.I.M.M.",
B. C Miner, April, 1940. 71.
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
DEPARTMENT   OF AGRONOMY:
Dr.  D.  G. Laird:
"Differentiation of Forest and Agricultural Lands",
Scientific Agriculture 20:5,  January,  1940.
DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE:
Dr.  G. H.  Harris:
"Raspberry Nutrition IV. Can the Cuthbert Raspberry
be Saved in Coastal British Columbia?",
Scientific Agriculture 20:6, February, 1940.

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