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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ended August 31,… 1943

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Report of the President:
Teaching Staff  2
New Appointments  3
Promotions  3
Leaves of Absence  3
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence  3
Retirement upon Superannuation  4
Resignations •  4
Re-appointment following Attainment of
Retirement Age  4
Appointment of Emeritus Professor  4
Retirement of Dr. Evlyn F. Farris as a Member
of the Senate and of the Board of Governors  5
Retirement of Miss Annie B. Jamieson as a
Member of the Senate and of the Board of Governors.    5
Honorary Degrees Conferred.     5
Re-election of Dr. Robert E. McKechnie as
Chanc ellor     6
Obituary     6
Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance
Waived.     6
Degree of Bachelor of Education Authorized     7
Statement Respecting Scholarships and Bursaries
Awarded.     7
The Mary L. Bollert Loan Fund for Women Students.,..    8
Educational Programme for British Columbia
Fishermen     8 CONTENTS    - continued,- .,,..«
Projects Under the Special 6rant for Research	
Report of the Library Committee,. * ,	
Policy of Government towards Undergraduates..,..,.	
Compulsory Military Training. ....,....,,.,,,
Special Courses:
Course in i##vision in Public Health Nosing*. 4 4 * a
Air Training Plan for Universities,.,	
Radio Technicians'   Course. •
Course in Chemical Warfare and Related Subjeots
Course in Personnel Administration , »
The British Columbia War Metals Research Board	
j%xr xtaiu jrrecauu ions • *,,..«««««.»«««.««.«,••.««,•«««*«•
Erection of the Armoury,	
Personal and Corporate Attitude of Students.....	
■■ Mill' ■ Mil' I r -i i !■•■■■ i> ■'ini.iMiii i iii-mmrT iiiii"' M (
Report of the Registrar;
jtwgis vra vXon .*.<«*•«.««*«,,«,,•,••« .••,*•«*,,*,,,#,*«
Nationalities of Students...,.,	
Geographical Distribution of Students .,......,.
Occupations of Parents ,,....	
Location of Graduates*..,«,...».«••,••«....»..,.,.,,
Comparative Statement of Registration,
Sessions 1952-35 to 1941-42,...,.,,,...,....	
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred,
Sessions 1952-35 to 1941-42,......,, ,	
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued,
Sessions 1952-35 to 1941-42	
18 CONTENTS    -  continued.- PAGE
Scholarships, Fellowships and Bursaries
Awarded to Graduates ,. 19
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science. 21
Report  of the Dean of the Faculty of Applied  Science.. 30
Report  of the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture  34
Report  of the Dean of Women  40
Report of the Director  of the Summer  Session  42
Report of the Director of University Extension  44
Report of the  Director of the University Health
Servic e  52
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education for
Men  57
Report  of the Instructor in Physical Education for
V/omen.  58
Report of the  Officer Commanding Canadian Officers'
Training Corps,  University of British Columbia  60
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
I have the honour to submit the following report
on the work of the University for the academic  year ended
August 31st,  1942.       Included in this report are the annual
reports of the Deans of the Faculties and of certain of the
other chief administrative officers of the University.    A
list  of publications by members of the staff  is also included.
During the year under review the University's
responsibilities were enlarged,  the range of its activities
extended,  and the intensity of its application increased.    To
its normal peace-time functions there were added others directly
or indirectly related to the war effort.    The professorial
staff was further reduced by the granting of leaves of absence,
and the members who remained assumed  still heavier duti es.
Certain curtailments in courses were necessitated by the needs
of the hour,  but these were  of relatively minor importance
compared with the addition of new courses and the modifications
and expansions in established ones.    Notwithstanding the heavy
enlistment  of young men who normally would have  attended the
University,   registration reached the highest peak in the
University's history.       Only in the Summer Session was there
a falling off  in attendance.    The professorial staff was called
upon by many of the departments of the Dominion and Provincial
Governments;  by the Navy,  the Army and the Air Force;  by the
National Research Council;  by private research organizations
and by Canadian industry.     Unfinished theoretical researches
were restricted or temporarily discontinued,  and  investigations
of immediate practical application,   such as those having to do
with munitions, short-wave detection devices, the discovery and
greater utilization of war minerals and the  increased production
of foodstuffs, were undertaken.
Earnestness  and  seriousness of purpose characterized
the attitude of the students.    This was evidenced in a closer
application to their  studies notwithstanding the prevailing
uncertainty respecting enlistment  at the opening of the term,
the fuller schedule of hours resulting from compulsory military
training and other inevitable distractions.    The regulations
governing the compulsory military training of all physicaily-
fit male students were wisely administered by the Officer 2.
Commanding the Canadian Officers7 Training Corps.    Only one
student withdrew from the University because of conscientious
objection to military training.      The women students, feeling
that more  should be expected of them than the curriculum
required,  requested that some form of war work for women, which
would be comparable at least in time-value to the military
training for the men, be made compulsory for the next year.
Thus the tempo of every constituent part of the
University was quickened in a conscious and sustained effort
to contribute to the fullest possible extent towards the more
efficient prosecution of the war.
Teaching Staff:
The numbers of members on the teaching staff for the
academic year 1941-42, were as follows:
jjoans oi  £ acuiu le s...'« ,,,«,,,......•,,.....,,,,,.     p
jrrox essors....... ..,««,.<•«,*« *',■,«>,«•«..........  ^o
(exclusive of Professors on leave),
Associate Professors   24
(exclusive of one Associate Professor
on leave)'
Assistant Professors. .,,..♦..,.,,..,  27
(exclusive of Assistant Professors
on leave)
Lecturers»»»«»»•».,,,«»»*«••*««•••»»«»»»«••»•»»•«* n
ins true tors.................•.«...«.«.•......«..• id
Honorary Lecturers....  8
Part-time Lecturers  40
Assistants....  88
TOTAL.......       253 5.
New Appointments:
Miss Mary Dorothy Mawdsley, B.A.(McGill), M.A.(Brit.Col.),
Ph.D. (Chicago), Dean of Women and Assistant Professor of
John Edward Liersch, B.A.,  B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), M.F.(Washington),
Professor and Head of the Department of Forestry.
Joseph Gilbert Hooley, M.A. (Brit.Col.), Ph.D. (Mass.Inst., of
Tech.), Assistant Professor of Chemistry.
Franklin Stewart Harris, B.A., M.A.(Brigham Young), Ph.D.
(Cal.lnst,  of Tech.),  Lecturer in the Department  of Physics.
Robert Eric Langton,  M.A.(Brit.Col.), Lecturer in the Department of Physics.
Miss Ruth E.  Fields, B.A. (Brit.Col.),  Instructor in the
Department of Biology and Botany.
0.  J. Todd, Ph.D. (Harvard), from Prof essor to Professor and
Head of the Department of Classics.
Maxwell A,   Cameron, M.A.(Brit.Col.),  Ph.D.(Toronto),  from
Associate Professor and Acting-Head to Professor and
Acting-Head of the Department  of Education.
Vernon C. Brink, M.S.A.(Brit.Col,), Ph.D.(Wisconsin), from
Instructor to Assistant Professor in the Department of
Leaves of Absence:
Dr. George M. Weir, Professor and Head of the Department of
Education, for the duration of the war.
Mr. Henry F. Angus, Professor and Head of the Department of
Economics, Political Science and Sociology, for a period
of one year as from September 1st, 1941.
Mr. J. E. Liersch, Professor and Head of the Department of
Forestry, for a period of one year as from January 23rd,
Dr. Thomas G. Henderson, Associate Professor of Philosophy,
for a period of one year as from July 1st, 1941.
Dr. Arthur M. Crooker, Assistant Professor of Physics, from
April 1st, 1941 to August 31st, 1942.
Dr, Kenneth C Mann, Assistant Professor of Physics, from
October 1st, 1941 to August 31st, 1942.
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence:
William John Brockelbank, B.A.(Haverford College, Penn.),
LL.B.(Harvard), Docteur en Droit (Paris), Lecturer in
the Department of Economics, Political Science and
Sociology during the absence of Professor H. F. Angus. Alexander P, Maslow, A.M.(Michigan), Ph.D.(California),
Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy and Psychology
during the absence of Dr. Thomas G. Henderson.
Andrew McKellar, B.A.(Brit,Col.), Ph.D.(California),Lecturer
in the Department of Physics during the absence of Dr.
Kenneth C. Mann.
Retirement upon Superannuation:
Dr, Ebenezer Henry Archibald.
In the retirement of Dr. E. H. Archibald, Professor
of Analytical Chemistry, the University lost the services of a
productive scholar, an inspiring teacher and a much-loved
member of the professorial staff whose life and work exerted
a profound influence, not only within the Department of
Chemistry, but throughout the entire University. For twenty-
six years, many of which were years of adversity, Dr.Archibald
served the University with a devotion to duty, a singleness of
purpose, a buoyancy of spirit, and with such distinction as a
scientist and a teacher as greatly to enhance the reputation
of the University throughout Canada and the United States.
Irrespective of faculty affiliations, the students who sat
under him and the colleagues who served v/ith him join in
wishing Dr. Archibald many more years of happy, effective
David H. Russell, B.Sc, M.Ed. (Sask. ), Ph.D. (Columbia),
Associate Professor of Education.
Ronald Hilton, M.A. (Oxon.), Assistant Professor in the
Department of Modern Languages.
Re-appointment Following Attainment of Retirement Age:
Dr. E. H. Archibald, Professor of Analytical Chemistry,
who reached the age of retirement on October 1st, 1941, was
re-appointed for a period of eight months.
Appointment of Emeritus Professor:
In the report covering the academic year 1940-41,
reference was made to the retirement of Professor Lemuel Fergus
Robertson, Professor and Head of the Department of Classics. In
recognition of his long and distinguished services as a member
of the staff, the Board of Governors, at the first meeting
following Professor Robertson's retirement, appointed him
Emeritus Professor of Classics. Retirement of Dr. Evlyn Fcnwick Farris as a Member of the
Senate and of the Board of Governors:
During the year under review, Dr. Evlyn F. Farris
retired as a member of tho Senate and of the Board of
Governors. A charter member of Convocation, Dr. Farris was
in 1912 elected a member of the first Senate of the University
and in 1917 was appointed to tho Board of Governors. For
thirty years she served with distinction as a member of the
Senate or of the Board of Governors, and for a considerable
part of this time she was a member of both bodies.  As
Honorary Secretary to the Board of Governors, she served for
two extended periods with marked acceptance. Dr. Farris'
record, while notable for length of service, was even more
distinguished by reason of her high achievements, administrative
as well as educational.  In partial recognition of these
services the Senate,at the Congregation held in May, 1942,
conferred upon her the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws
(honoris causa) and chose her as Congrogation Speaker for the
occasion.  tJpon her retirement the Senate and the Board of
Governors expressed the wish that life for Dr. Farris would
continue to be as full and rewarding to her as her long and
devoted service had been to the University of British Columbia.
Retirement of Miss Annie Bruce Jamieson as a Member of the
Senate and of the Board of Governors:
The year witnessed the retirement, from membership
in the Senate and on the Board of Governors, of Miss Annie B.
Jamieson, who for twenty-four years had been an elected
member of the Senate, and for six years of this period had
served as one of the three representatives of the Senate on
the Board of Governors. In the performance of her duties in
these capacities, Miss Jamieson, out of a rich and varied
experience gained in many spheres of educational activity, was
of great assistance in interpreting to the governing bodies
of the University the practices and policies of the High
Schools as these related to the courses of instruction given
in the University. Because of her many services to the cause
of higher education in the province the Senate, at the Congregation held in May, 1942, conferred upon Miss Jamieson the
degree of Doctor of Laws (honoris causa).
Honorary Degrees Conferred:
At the twenty-seventh Congregation of the University
of British Columbia which was held on May 14th, 1942, the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) was conferred
upon the following:
Evlyn Fenwick Farris, M.A., LL.D.
Charles McLean Fraser, M.A. , Ph.D., F.R.S.C,
Emeritus Professor of Zoology
Annie Bruce Jamieson, B.A.
Lemuel Fergus Robertson, M.A. , Emeritus Professor
of Classics. 6.
Re-election of Dr.   Robert E. McKechnie as Chancellor:
In May,   1942,  Dr.   R.  E.  McKechnie was again chosen
as Chancellor of the University for a term of three years.
Dr.  McKechnie was a charter member of Convocation and in
1912 became a member of the first Senate of the University.
In 1918 he was elected Chancellor and for eight consecutive
elections  since that time he has been elected by acclamation
for this the highest honour in the gift  of Convocation.  During
the many years Dr. McKechnie has served as Chancellor,  his
interest in education has been vital and his influence on
the policies of the University,  administrative as well as
academic,  has been far-reaching.    To his wisdom, his foresight,
and his devotion to  the cause of higher education the University v/ill ever remain his debtor.
His Honour Judge John Donald Swanson.
In the death of Judge J. D, Swanson, who for more
than eighteen years had served as an elected member of
Senate, the University suffered a severe loss. A true friend
to the University and a wise counsellor, Judge Swanson was
a staunch advocate of making a University education available
to every young man and woman of ability, application and
character who has the ambition and the determination to
profit by the advantages which such an education affords.
Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance Waived:
As in previous sessions, the regulations governing
tho limitation of attendance, as passed by the Board of
Governors on January 28th, 1938, wore again waived. In view
of the urgent need for both teachers and nurses, the
regulations with respect to limitation of attendance in the
Teacher Training Course and in Nursing and Health were also
waived for the session 1942-43.
A further factor which influenced the Board of
Governors in waiving the regulations respecting students in
the Department of Nursing and Health was the assurance,
given by the Vancouver General Hospital and other organizations
responsible for tho field work of student nurses, that ample
facilities would be provided for this form of practical
instruction. 7.
Degree of Bachelor of Education Authorized:
During the year the Senate and the Board of
Governors made provision for the extension of  courses in
Education leading to the  degree of Bachelor of Education.
The adoption of this policy,  it was felt, would encourage
teachers to improve their qualifications and thus raise the
standards of education in the province.      The creation of the
new degree affords opportunity for professional study beyond
the one year previously required of teachers-in-training and
so anticipates the probability that this course will becomo
compulsory for teachers desiring high academic  and professional
The  course leading to the B.Ed,  degree is less
advanced than that prescribed for the M.A.  degree,  and is
designed to meet the needs of those students who wish to
pursue further study in Education without being under the
necessity of  submitting a thesis as is required of all candidates
for the M.A. degree.
For students who take the Teacher Training Course,  the
new degree represents nearly two years of work beyond the B.A.
degree.       In addition to establishing suitable academic standards
for this degree,  successful teaching experience will also be
required.    An extended list of the courses prescribed for the
B.Ed,  degree was authorized by Senate for inclusion in the
curriculum of the  194 2 Summer Session.
Statement Respecting Scholarships  and Bursaries Awarded:
The value of scholarships and Bursaries awarded during
the year showed a substantial increase over that of any corresponding preceding period.      The generous financial assistance
given to students of   serious purpose,   intellectual capacity and
proven financial need is  indicative of the increasing recognition
which is being shown to deserving students by the Dominion and
Provincial Governments as well as by the University itself. The
amounts of the funds made available,  exclusive of  loan funds,
together with the sources from which these monies   came,  were aa
Administered by the University $20,440.00
Announced by the University but
awarded by other institutions - 1,400.00
Available for students in the
province but not administered
wholly by the University - 11,100.00
TOTAL -  exclusive of loan funds - $32,940.00 8.
The amount of $11,100.00 listed abovo was made
available from the following sources and for the purposos
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Bursaries    -      $5,100.00
Dominion-Provincial War Services Bursaries        -        6,000.00
In all,   269 students were assisted.      The value of
the assistance ranged from $25.00 to $600.00.
The Mary L. Bollert Loan Fund for Women Students:
In the  report covering the academic- year 1940-41,
reference was made to the retirement of Miss Mary L. Bollert,
the  first Dean of Women in the University of British  Columbia.
To perpetuate the name of Dean Bollert,  and  in recognition of
the   splendid service she  had rendered,   a Committee had been
appointed by the alumnae of tho University to raise funds for
the establishment of a suitablo gift to the University.    During
tho year under review the Committee attainod its' two-fold
objective:  a portrait  of Doan Bollert was presented to tho
University  and a loan fund to bo known as the "Mary L. Bollert
Loan Fund for Women Students" was established.    The portrait
was hung in the Brodk Memorial Building and the amount of the
loan fund,  namely five hundred dollars, was invested in Victory
Bonds and will revert to tho fund at  the conclusion of the war.
Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen:
Tho educational programme for British Columbia
fishermen,  as organized and administered by the Department of
University Extension and financed by the Dominion Department
of Fisheries, was continued for tho third year.    Although the
grant by the Department of Fisheries was reduced during this
period, the  continued response on the part of the fishermen
and the progress made were most gratifying.       As the  result
of personal visits,  the distribution of  specially prepared
printed matter dealing with local problems confronting the
fishermen,   and the assistance given in organizing study groups,
co-operative associations and credit unions, the material results
achieved and the greatly improved morale of the fishing
population entitle this relatively new service to special
Projects Under the  Speoial Grant for Research:
Following the practice of previous years, research
projects for the fiscal year 1942-43 were agreed upon by the
President and the  Doans of the Faculties.    In general, the 9.
grants for those investigations were voted for projects
involving work in two or more faculties, rather than being
made to individual departments or single faculties.  The
researches authorized are as follows:
Undulant Fevor; Genetics of Economic Plants;
Effect of Hormones and of Radiant Energy on Growth;
Explosives; Wool from Grass; Preservation of Fishing
Nets; B.C.Coal and Shale; Superactive Charcoal;
Surface Reactions of Minerals in Flotation; Reduction
of Native Ores; Strategic Metals; Wall-rock Investigations;
Application of Raman Effect to Problems in Oil Industry;
Parasites and Diseases of tho Columbia Black-tailed
Deer; Foods and Feeding of Trout in Hatcheries; Natural
Foods of Trout; Clams and other Bivalves; Economic
Position of the Pheasant in the Okanagan; Hydroids;
Usefulness of Trade Tests in the Selection of Industrial
Workers; Treatment of Arsenical and Sulphide Ores;
Causes of Raspberry Failure; British Columbia Fish Oils;
Activators for Enzymes; Surface Taint in Buttor; Calfhood
Vaccination; Problems Associated with Meat Quality;
Vitamin B Complex; Cheese Ripening; Auto-sexing of Cambar
and Redbar; and Influence of Iron on Hydrolysis of Protein
by Actinomycos and Physiology of Rhizobia.
Report of the Library Committee:
Tho Thirteenth Report of the Library Committee to
the Senate, covering the fiscal year April 1, 1941 to March 31,
1942, was issued as a separate in October, 1942.  Copies of
the report were circulated to the members of the Senate and of
the Board of Governors. Among the many interesting subjects
treated in this report, the following are deserving of special
menti on:
The number of accessioned books was in excess of
125,000 and was increasing at the rate of approximately 5,500
per annum.  Owing to the exigencies of the war, fewer books
were being purchased in Great Britain and more in the United
States. The premium on United States funds, plus the Canadian
Exchange Tax, increased the price of every book by twenty-one
per cent.  These charges seriously reduced the number of books
that could be purchased.
During the year a new reserve-book system was
inaugurated whereby students were allowed direct access to the
reserve-book stacks; the loan of phonograph records to listening
and study groups was extended to include loans to undergraduates;
with respect to periodicals, a special effort was made to secure
and complete long sets; through economies effected in binding,
the usual number of volumes were bound notwithstanding the rising
costs; a total of 63,633 cards were received from the Library of
Congress Depository Catalogue; instruction in the use of the
Library was given to a number of groups and the experiment with
displays, which had proved so valuable in previous years, was
expanded. 10,
Once again,  at the opening of the  session,  the
University surveyed its  resources in staff,  equipment and
financial ability and directed their utilization towards
the more immediate  service of the nation in so far as this
was not inconsistent with its obligation to the  students.
This policy of adjustment and adaptation the University
will continue to follow so long as the national emergency
Policy of the Government towards Undergraduates:
At the outbreak of hostilities, there was a pronounced lack of educated men who had been trained for
technical,  administrative and  research responsibilities.
With the progress of the war the need for such men became
increasingly acute.       Education,  practical experience and
maturity of judgment are necessary to produce men who can
render the requisite  skilled  service v/ith greatest effectiveness.     Such training requires time.      To accelerate certain
of the professional courses would  defeat the  objective  sought.
That the government recognized this fact and was
shaping its policy accordingly became  increasingly evident  as
the war progressed.       First,   it  advised all  students in
scientific subjects to continue  their university v/ork until
graduation.      Next,  it assisted science students to continue
their university careers by ensuring that  they would obtain
gainful employment during the summer vacation in work that
would bear directly upon the  courses  of  study they were
pursuing and thus advance their practical experience in professional work as rapidly as possible.      In the  same year,
bursaries  were made available  for certain specified classes
of students of high scholastic  standing and proven financial
need;  and  in 1942,  by joint action of the Dominion and Provincial Governments,  generous bursaries were provided for
students who otherwise would not have been able to come to the
University, but whose matriculation standing in all subjects
averaged at least  seventy per cent.      These selected  students
were  required to undertake,  upon graduation, to place their
training at the disposal of the Director of  Selective Service,
in industry,  in the  fighting services,   or in research.    The
quota for the University of British Columbia under this grant
might be as high as 55,  of which approximately 25 per cent,
of the students accepted might be women.
If,  therefore,  physically-fit undergraduate men
students of military age were in any sense  a privileged class,
it was because,  in the national interest, the government
temporarily placed them in that category.    As individuals,   and
as a class, they were quick to realize that the nation's
interests were paramount,   and that the interests  of
institutions and individuals were purely secondary. 11.
Compulsory Military Training:
During the session,  the maximum strength of the
U.B.C. Contingent,   CO.T.C, was 1879,  the highest in the
history of the Unit.    Tho actual training strength
approximated 1500.    Under the National Resources Mobilization
Act,   462 students woro called for training and received postponements on condition that thoir training with the CO.T.C
was satisfactory.    Tho  course given was that  prescribed by
National Defence Headquarters.    The erection of the Armoury,
to which more extended reference is made elsewhere in this
report,  greatly facilitated the giving of instruction,
theoretical and practical.
During the year 4l5 members left the Unit to go on
active service.    Of these,  43 joined the Navy,  173 the Army
and 199 tho Air Force.
Special Courses:
Course in Supervision in Public Health Nursing:
Under the University Department of Nursing and Health,
with the assistance of certain members of the Metropolitan
Health Committee of Greater Vancouver and of a visiting lecturer,
a two weeks'   course for  Supervisors  in Public Health Nursing was
offered.    The giving of this course, which was held in cooperation with the Registered Nurses'  Association,  and which
was largely attended,   illustrates but  one of the ways in which
the Department  of Nursing and Health endeavours to meet the
pressing demand for increasing the number and improving the
qualifications of nurses in the province.
Air Trai-ir.; ?I.-n  ror Universities:
The University of British  Columbia participated in
tho Air Training Plan for Universities to but  a very limited
extent owing to the  fact that the syllabus of the proposed
course was not  submitted to the University by the Deputy
Minister for Air Service in time to  justify the inauguration
of the course in the  1941-42  session.    Members of the staff
of the University,  however,   gave instruction in several of
the prescribed subjects.    Although both of the negotiating
parties were desirous of seeing an Air Training Corps
established at the University,  arrangements for the course
were not completed during the period covered by this report.
Radio Teohnicians,   Course:
At the request  of the Department of National Defence
for Air,  the University continued to conduct classes in Radio
Mechanics.    In tho  comparative summary of  results of  the training given to Radio Technicians at  the various universities and 12.
colleges as prepared by the  Chief of the Air Staff,  it was
gratifying to note that the University of British Columbia
ranked second among the seventeen institutions listed as
giving instruction in this subject.
Course in Chemical Warfare and Related Subjects for
Under arrangements made through the Provincial Civil
Protection Committee,  a course in Chemical Warfare and related
subjects for Air Raid Precautions Wardens was given at the
University.    The curriculum for this  course was drawn up by
Inspector S. F. Moodie,  and the majority of the staff were
appointed and paid by the Committee.      Members of the professorial  staff from the Departments  of  Chemistry,  Physics and
English assisted in the lectures and laboratory demonstrations
Course in Personnel Administration:
For one week,  in each of the months  of July, August,
September and October, the Department of University Extension
conducted a course in Personnel Administration.    This course,
which was sponsored and approved by the Dominion Department
of Labour, was planned  for the purpose of enabling executives
and members of their administrative staffs to study the
principles governing administrative procedure and to receive
practical instruction in dealing vdth questions of organization
and management, with particular reference to those problems
which had arisen in the recently-organized war industries.
The maximum number of applicants who could be accepted,  as
determined by the Department  of Labour, was quickly reached.
The leading businesses and industries of the province were
represented.    The majority of the instructors were drawn from
the United States and  eastern Canada.     In the opinion of those
who attended,  the  course was timely and of great practical
assistance to the executives and administrators of industry
in the province.
The British Columbia War Metals Research Board:
As the  result of a co-operative agreement between
the Dominion Department of Mines and Resources,  the Provincial
Department  of Mines,  the Federal Controller of Metals,  the
Mining Association of British Columbia and the University,  the
British Columbia War Metals  Research Board was organized.    In
the constitution of this Board,  the practical experience,
technical knowledge and research abilities  of geologists,
miners and metallurgists were fully utilized with the result
that  its formation was quickly justified by the higher percentage recovery of strategic metals now being mined in the
province. 15.
Air Raid Precautions
The importance of adequate and well-organized
protection of life and property on the campus, v/hile  evident
at all times,   is particularly so since Japan entered the
war. ■ Here three thousand persons spend their working hours,
and the value of the University buildings,   equipment and
underground services is  in excess of three and one-half
millions of dollars.
Precautions which were  instituted in 1940-41 against
possible air raids and gas attacks were very considerably
increased.      The use of floodlights was restricted,  additional
fire equipment was purchased,  and an air raid warning siren
was installed.      First aid stations were  established and
furnished with the necessary equipment and supplies.    The staff
and  students were organized,  and detailed  instructions were
given as to procedure in case of an air raid alarm.    The
University records and the most valuable  equipment were
transferred to the more nearly bomb-proof buildings.     One
praotice air raid alarm was held at v/hich all buildings were
evacuated in three minutes.       Upon the completion of  this
practice,A.R.P,  officials assured the Board of Governors that
every reasonable precaution had been taken for the protection
of  life and property at the University.
Erection of the Armoury:
On November 22nd,  1941, His Honour, the Lieutenant-
Governor of the Province,   in the presence of a  large and
representative body of citizens, officially opened the new
Armoury.      The erection of this much-needed building was made
possible by the public-spirited devotion of tho officers and
men of the U.B.C.   Contingent,  CO.T.C,  who,  over a period of
fourteen years,  had waived their training allowances in order
that they -  or,  in the great majority of cases,  their
successors - might have suitable  quarters in which to receive
military instruction.
To Lieut,-Col.   G. M.  Shrum,   Officer Commanding,U.B.C.
Contingent,   CO.T.C., the  University is deeply indebted for the
initiative,  the resource and the untiring energy which he
showed in connection with every detail in the conceiving,
planning,  supervision and  erection of this building.
Commodious as the Armoury is,  additional accommodation
will be required next  session if all the specialized forms of
military training now being contemplated are to be adequately
provided for in a common centre.    Anticipating this development
in military instruction,  the Corps has already accumulated
sufficient  funds for the  extension and further equipment of
the present building as soon as priorities on construction
materials can be obtained. 14,
w L> -
The response of the undergraduates to the many calls
that were made upon them was one of the gratifying features of
university life during the year.      Throughout the session
nearly every student was engaged in some form of war work and,
with few exceptions,  cheerfully carried the many extra
hours of work involved without  detracting seriously from the
time which should be devoted to studies.    Intercollegiate
sports were again discontinued,   and  social functions were
simplified in nature and reduced in number.    The fact that
women students voluntarily requested that  a measure of war
service be made compulsory in their case,  and that they be
required to  devote a certain amount of time each week to  some
form of national service,   reflected the general attitude  of
the campus.
Clearly,  the  duty of the University at this time is
to keep the torch of knowledge burning and to provide an
expanding base of instruction to meet the requirements of the
new situations in those fields where a shortage of university
trained man-power is authoritatively announced. The University
would fail, and fail miserably,  were it,   in this crucial time
in the  life of the  country,  to cease to  discharge its
fundamental peace-time responsibility of graduating men and
women  of high intellectual capacity and proven technical
To meet the pressing needs of the constantly increasing
number of regular students who enroll, buildings and equipment
are more urgently required than ever before.    This, however,  is
but  one aspect of the problem of providing adequate accommodation.
The influx of soldier-students who will return to resume their
interrupted courses,  even before demobilization becomes general,
will shortly constitute a problem of the  first magnitude.    The
present  is not too soon for the University of British Columbia
to formulate and begin to give effect to plans which will
enable  it to meet this unparalleled opportunity.
Respectfully submitted,
Vancouver, British Columbia
Faoulty of Arts and Science
First Year	
Second Year	
Third Year i	
Fourth Year	
Social Work.	
Teacher Training Course	
Directed Reading Courses	
Double Registrations	
Faculty of Applied Science
Second Year	
Third Year.	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Faculty of Applied Science (Nursing)
Second Year.	
Third Year.	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Sixth Year	
Public Health Nursing	
Faculty of Agriculture
First Year	
Second Year	
Third Year. , -	
Fourth Year.	
Occupational Course	
Evening Class in Botany	
Summer Session (1942)
(Faculty of Arts and Science)
Women  Men  Total
- 8
320 Nationalities of Students
British 2093;
Norwegian 15;
others 161.
(exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course,  Social Work,  Directed
Reading Courses and Public Health Nursing)
American 54;
Italian 10;
Japanese 72;    Swedish 22;    Hebrew
Greek 9;     Russian 9;    Ukranian 8;
TOTAL    2473
Geographical Distribution of Students:
From Vancouver and vicinity , 1641
From Victoria ,. 120
From New Westminster.  121
From other Provincial points  673
From points in Canada outside British Columbia  102
From other Countries  14
TOTAL 2671
Occupations of Parents  (exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course,  Social Work,  Directed Reading
Courses and Public Health Nursing):
Accountant 48;    Army 24;    Banker and Bank Manager 24;    Barrister
(etc.)  44;    Broker 17;     Carpenter 31;    Civil Servant 34;  Clergyman 33;    Clerk 37;    Contractor 39;    Dentist 18j    Doctor 59;
Druggist 16;    Engineer 134;    Farmer 73;    Insurance 36; Lumberman 27; Machinist 15;    Manager 60;    Manufacturer 29;    Merchant 89;
Professor 19;    Real Estate 16;    Salesman 68;    Superintendent  31;
Teacher 48;   others IO69. TOTAL        241
Location of Graduates:
Number in,-
Vancouver.  27o^
Other parts of British Columbia  1680
Other parts  of Canada.  51
British Isles.  J
United States of America  271
Other Countries  65
Number deceased  134
Number whose address is unknown.  760
TOTAL 6178 Comparative Statement of Registration
'      Sessions 1932-33 to 1941-42
Teacher     Total
Arts and   Applied Agricul-   Training   Winter
Session    Science      Science     Nursing   ture Course        Session
Year      M.A.      B.A.
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 19^-35 to 1941-4*2"
B.Com.       MJUSe.       B.A.Sc.    B.S.F.Nursing   M. S .A.
B.S.A.    Total
-4 Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions' 1332-33 to 1941-42	
Public Health
Social Work
Course in
CD Scholarships, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
During the year many scholarships, fellowships and bursaries have been won by
graduates of the University.  The following list does not include awards which
have been made in The University of British Columbia.
Ashford,Walter R.
Bishop, Roger
Brewer,Charles P.
Buckland,Donald C
Clark,Robert M.
Covington,Arthur E.
Cox, Ethel Jane
Dale, Ursula
Davidson, John F.
Dill, Charlotte E.
Fitch,Fred T.
Fowle,Charles D.
Gardner,Joseph A.F.
Grant, Jack D.
Hulley, Clarence C.
Leech, Geoffrey B.
Award  Value Subject
Scholarship in Physiology  JoOO Biology
National Research Council
University Fellowship
National Research Council
Graduate Scholarship
University Scholarship
National Research Council
Teaching Fellowship
Scholarship in Physiology
Assistantship in Plant
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Assistantship
National Research Council
University Fellowship
Reuben Wells Leonard
Double Assistantship
National Research
National Research Council
Where Tenable	
University of Toronto
$750 Chemistry
$500 English
$750 Chemistry
$1,200 Forestry
|1,000 Economics
Mathematics &
|750 Accounting
|700 Biology
$800 Botany
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of Toronto
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Yale University (School
of Forestry)
Harvard University
University of California,
University of Toronto
University of California,
Plant Pathology    Cornell University
|600    Chemistry
65O    Zoology
$750 Chemistry
$500 English
J500 Classics
$1,100 History
|425 Geology
$750 Chemistry
University of Purdue
University of California
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
University of Toronto
University of Toronto
University of Wisconsin
Queen's University
Cellulose Research
Laboratories,  McGill
VO Name
Value Subject
Where Tenable
Moodie, Charles D.   Research Fellowship
Perry, Neil
Perkins, Maurice
Poole, John B.
Sibley, William M.
Stuart, F. A.
Tate, Dorothy
Waddell, David
Willard, J. H.Vto.
Williams, Edwin P.
Scholarship .in Physiology $800
Fellowship in Physiology $1,000
Graduate Fellowship       $600
University Fellowship
Research Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Rockefeller Fellowship
Medical Research
Washington State College,
University of Washington
Harvard University
University of California,
Zoological Society of
San Diego
Brown University
University of Iowa
Rockefeller Foundation,
Columbia University
University of Toronto
University of Toronto
Harvard University
NOTE:  In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free
tuition or exemption from fees (or travelling expenses) in addition to
their monetary value.
Value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our graduates
in other Universities and in Institutes in 1942... $25,215.00
Total value of scholarships, fellowships and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes since the first
awards were made in 1917	
Respectfully submitted,
Registrar. 21.
Student Progress
Despite the many distractions  caused by the war,  the
standards of student achievement were on the whole equal  to
those of previous peaco-time years.      Many students were much
disturbed in mind as to whether they should enlist or should
finish their year or thoir course.      A considerable number,  however, did enlist before their final examinations in April.    No
formula was decided upon as to credits granted upon enlistment
except that a Fourth Year student who enlisted was allowed to
graduate with one threo-unit subject  short of the requiremoits for
a degree.      Very few graduated in this vay.      Some  students were
called up before thoy could write thoir final examinations but
they were granted standing in those subjects in which they were
recommended by their instructors.    If they wero not  recommended,
they were granted deferred examinations, that is, the privilege of
v/riting at any subsequent examination period without tho payment
of a foe.
Dean Daniel Buchanan        University of  California et Los Angeles.
Dr.  G.G.Sedgewick University of Southern California  (Both  terms).
Professor F.H.Soward University of  Southern  California  (First term).
Dr,  Ian McT.   Cowan University of California, Berkeley.
Professors on Leavo.
Professor Henry F. Angus    Department  of  External Affairs,   Ottawa.
Dr. A. M.  Crooker Research Enterprises Limited, Toronto.
Dr.  Kenneth C Mann National Research Council,   Ottawa.
Dr. Thomas G.Henderson Chief Intelligence Officer,  Seventh
Division of tho  Canadian Army.
Departmental Activities.
Department of Bacteriology  and Preventive Medicine.
Dr.   C.  E.  Dolman continued his researches into the
staphylococcus toxins with  special emphasis upon food-poisoning
substance.       Strains for identification end opinion as  to their
capacity to cause food-poisoning were received  from Professor
G.  S, Wilson,  Director of the Emergency Public Health Laboratory
Service in England.
Dr. D,  C B.   Duff completed his  invostigations,   originally
launched on behalf of the Fisheries Research Board of  Cane da t  on
the possibility of protecting game fish against infection v/ith
Bacterium salmonicida by oral administration of killed vaccine. 22.
Dr.  Lawrence E.  Ranta's research activities were confined
chiefly to various problems connected with tho cholera bacillus.
Methods of improving the immunizing power of certain vaccines  were
Mr,  D.  B. Mathias continued researches on undulant fever.
He verified a previous observation that  whole heat-killed vaccine
is a very efficacious  immunizing agent in mice.
It was a compliment to tho Department that Miss Eleanor
Taylor, B.A.,   a Fellow under the United  States Public Health Service,
should select this University  from among all the universities of
North America to pursue post graduate work before returning to her
position as State Bacteriologist in the State Laboratory of New
Mexico at Albuquerque.
Mention should be made of Dr.   Dolman's v/ork in connection
with the Red Cross Blood Donor Clinic.
Department  of Biology and Botany.
Dr. Andrew H, Hutchinson continued his investigations
into Medicago   (Alfalfa)  Hybrids.    He found that seed production
is related to many factors, primarily to the  cytological disturbances
due to hybridization.     Strains may be obtained which may occupy
different habitats.
Mr,  John Davidson revised his edition of The  Cascara Tree
in British Columbia.   (Illustrated).
Dr.   John Allardyce completed an investigation on
Carotene in Feed Grasses.     In his investigations on the Effect of
Hormones and Irradiation on Growth,  Dr, Allardyce followed two
main approaches,  viz., physical and nutritional.    In the   first,
some one thousand Wistar'rats were subjected to long spells of
selected portions of the  spectrum.    In the   second,  diets were given
which were overloaded with either a fat,  a carbohydrate, or a
protein but always having tho same caloric value.-
Department  of  Chemistry.
The research work  of the Department of Chemistry during
the year was practically all on war work.     Several reports on the
progress of the work undertaken were submitted to the National
Research Council of Canada,   and to all other Research Institutions
of the Allies working on similar problems.    There were many
interesting comments from abroad particularly from Great Britain
where much  interest was shown,  especially in the new cordites used
in making time fuses.    The work on explosives reached such proportions that practically the whole Department devoted its research
time to it.
The war Investigations v/ere directed  by Dr,   R, H.  Clark
who,  as a member of the National Research  Council,   kept in close
touch with the work dosired or carried  on by the  Council.
Dr.  W,  F.   Seyer and Mr.   John D.  Leslie concluded a
research on The Viscosity of  Cis and Trans Docahydronaphthalone.
Tho results were published in August,  1942. 25.
Dr. M.  J. Marshall continued his  investigations on
activated carbons and war gases.
In collaboration with the Department of Mining and
Metallurgy,  Dr,  William Ure made a partially successful attempt
to concentrate aluminium oxide from low grade deposits at Sooko,
Vancouver Island.    He also continued his investigation into the
Flotation of Sphalerite and The Effect of Unsaturation on the
Pyrolysis of Bthor.
Dr.  J. A, Harris worked on the development  of A New
Organic Reagent for the Volumetric Determination of Tin and on
The Use of AmylAlcohol in the Separation and Analysis of Aluminium
and Beryllium.      Papers on these two projects were read before the
Royal Society of Canada in May.
Department  of Education,
An investigation of Spelling Readiness was carried out
by Dr. D. H, Russell with the aid of a grant from the Canadian .
Council for Educational Research.
Dr.   Frederick T. Tyler,   aided by a grant  from the  Cooperative Studies Committee,  continued his research in Concept
The policy of the Department of offering Saturday morning
classes was of great benefit to many of the teachers of the Lower
Mainland.      This ws particularly the case since the  establishment
of the new degree of Bachelor of Education.    Several of the teachers,
however, who v/ould have liked to have attended these courses, were
prevented from doing so on account of the various war activities
in their schools demanding their spare hours.
Department of Geology and Geography.
The following activities of the members of the Department
of Geology and Geography v/ere carried on mainly during the summer
of 1942:
Dr. M.  Y.  Williams continued unofficially as consultant
to the British Columbia Department of Mines  in connection with the
Peace River oil resources.
Dr.  Clarence 0.   Swanson continued  as consulting geologist
to the  Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company.    His field work
was carried on at Kimberley and at the Maryville magnesite deposits.
Dr. Henry C Gunning assisted Dr.  Swanson at Kimberley
and  also  acted as consultant for the Privateer Mine in the   development  of a molybdenum deposit at Rossland.    He started  some special
investigations of tin at the Sullivan Mine  and examined the newly
discovered scheelite deposit at Salmo.
Dr.  H.  V.  Warren's investigations during the winter were
directed towards completing his "Gold Research" and carrying on new
investigations of strategic minerals.    Partly through his efforts, 24^
the British Columbia War Metals Research Board was formed.    The
Board includes representatives of the Provincial Department of
Mines, the Dominion Department of Mines and Resources,  the British
Columbia Mining Association, and the Geological and Metallurgical
staffs of the University.    In the summer he made his usual valuable
collection of minerals and acquired some relatively rare minerals
through exchange.    Further,  he organized a scientific prospecting
party for the Highland Bell Mining Company.       Discoveries of antimony
and: mercury were made by this party and are under investigation.
Dr. N.  F, G.  Davis was in charge of general field operations
for the Highland Bell Company.
Department  of History.
Dr,  W, N,  Sage  continued his investigations in the field
of British Columbia History.    As a member of the Research Committee
of the  Canadian  Social  Science Research Council, he prepared a
report on M.A. work in the various Canadian universities.
Professor F. H.  Soward's research activities are shewn
in part by his books and articles in the List  of Publications.    He
had in preparation a chapter on "Canada's Policy in the Post War
World" for a volume on Reconstruction to be published by the Canadian
Institute of International Affairs.    As in previous years he assisted
in editing the section on Canada for the 1942 Political Handbook of
the World.
Mr. A.  C.   Cooke directed his attention chiefly to the field
of High School bibliography of selected  readings and of teaching
Dr.  Sylvia Thrupp continued v/ith her work on the preparation
of a book on Medieval London.
Department of Mathematics.
During the year under review Dean Daniel Buchanan completed
a research on Periodic Orbits for Four Finite Bodies with Repulsive
and Attractive Forces.       He also obtained  results in his investigations
of Trojan Satellites   (Limiting Case) which warranted their presentation
to the Royal Society of Canada in May.
The Head of the Department had,  as Dean and otherwise,
many non-mathematical duties demanding his time so that  as a result
several of his researches were unfinished.    In addition to being the
Acting-Head of the Department of Economics, Political Science and
Sociology, he served in the following capacities:
Chairman, Mathematics Section, High School and Matriculation
Board of Examiners.
Member of the High School Accrediting Board.
Chairman,  Special Committee on University Entrance Examinations.
Chairman, Provincial Advisory Committee on UnemploymentInsujsnee.
Vice-President, Vancouver Canadian Club. 25.
Mr.  Walter H. Gage rondored valuable service in teaching
Mathematics for the Radio Technicians.    He also gave instruction
in Air Navigation to  students who were planning to go on Active
Service with the R.C.A.F,  at tho close of the session.
Dr.   S. A,  Jennings prepared manuscripts in more   or less
finished form on Nilpotent Rings and Groups and on Some Theorems
on Nilpotent  Rings.    He also continued work on the Restricted Lie
Algebras,  Representation of p_-Groups,  and,  in collaboration with
Dr.   Ralph Hull, Minimal Bases for Galois Extensions of Algebraic
Function Fields.
Department  of Modern Languages.
Dr.   David 0.  Evans  and Dr. a.  F. B.   Clark contributed
to the  Critical Bibliography of French Literature in course of
publication under the auspices of the Carnegie Corporation of New
York.       Very few institutions,   including graduate schools,  had
more than one representative in this list.    The University of
British Columbia was honoured in having the only Canadians contributing.
In addition to his work in connection with preparing a
Boileau bibliography for the Critical Bibliography above cited,
Dr.   Clark,   at  the request  of Professor Viatte of Laval University,
undertook to prepare and edit an Edition of Racine's plays  for
the Edition de L'Arbro  (Montreal).
Mr.   Ronald Hilton, now Associate Professor at Leland
Stanford University,  prepared, while a member of our  staff,  his
Bibliography of Spanish Source Material in the United  States
(Toronto Press,   1942).    It is a complete and valuable record of
all the facilities available for Spanish studies in the various
United States  libraries and universities.
Department of Philosophy and Psychology.
During the summer of 1942, Professor John A. Irving,
upon the  invitation of the Honourable the Minister of National War
Services,  served in Ottawa as Research Secretary to the Dominion
Government's Committee  on Morale.    As such he was sent to  Washington,
New York and Boston,   in August,   as an official representative of the
Canadian Government.    Strong pressure,  including an offer of a very
decided increase in salary, was brought to bear to induce him to
remain in Ottawa "for the duration".      He declined  to accept the
offer,  realizing, mainly through his  own perception and partly through
the misgivings of his Dean,  the disastrous effect his absence would
have upon his Department.    He continued to act on the Committee in an
advisory capacity.
The researches carried on in the  Department were as
Professor Irving. (1) Work on a chapter for a forthcoming
volume entitled Resistance to Social Change, prepared under the
auspices of a  Committee of the American Psychological Association; 26.
(2) work on a book on Symbolism;     (3)  an article on "The Psychological
Analysis of Wartime Rumor Patterns in Canada" for publication in the
Bulletin of the Canadian Psychological Association.
Dr.  Joseph E. Morsh.     (1)  Work, v/ith Dr,  Frederick T, Tyler,
on an experimental study of concept formation;   (2) work, with Mrs.
S, A.  Jennings,   on The Problem of Eneurisis.
Dr. Tyler.   (1)  With Dr. Morsh as above listed;   (2)  a statistical
analysis of the Otis Test at the Grade VI level.
Dr. Alexander P. Mas low,    Work on the foundations of the Theory
of Probability.
Professor Irving was one of eleven lay commissioners to
represent the British Columbia Conference of the United Church of
Canada at the Tenth General Council of the United  Church of Canada.
He addressed the Educational Council on The Educational Policies  of
the United  Church of  Canada.
Departmen t of Physics.
The registration in the elementary classes was somewhat
higher than usual, but a similar increase had not taken place in
the senior years.       However,  if the efforts of the  Wartime Bureau
of Technical Personnel to meet the wartime demands for physicists
produce results,   a very much larger enrolment in physics courses
may be expected.
During the year members of the staff assisted with the
Radio Technicians'   Course.    Dr.  George M.  Volkoff gave also a short
lecture and laboratory course to army X-ray technicians.
As Dr.  Gordon M,   Shrum had charge of  the Department  of
University Extension and was also Officer Commanding,  CO.T.C,
he had little time to do any v/ork in physics other than administration
and direction of research.    Both these were done quite satisfactorily,
in spite of the many demands upon his time.
Dr. A. M.   Crooker, on loavo, was in charge of the design
of all optical service instruments being produced by Research
Enterprises Ltd.,  including a variety of range finders and periscopes
Dr.  Kenneth C. Mann, on leave, was at the National
Research Council in charge  of a group of research men working on
the Radio Locator.
With the purchase, the previous year,  of the D-78
Spectrograph, a D-70 Spectrograph^  Camera and another Spectrograph^  Camera of much shorter focal length,  Dr. Harold D.  Smith
and Mr. Norman Barton carried on investigations of the Raman
effect of petroleum compounds.     Certain of the series of compounds
of saturated hydrocarbons from tetradecane were studied and information was obtained which is of  fundamental importance to the
petroleum industry. Department of Zoology
As with the other sciences there was an increase in the
numbers of students taking Zoology, particularly in the pre-medical
Dr. W. A. Clemens continued his study of the sockeye salmon
data collected annually by the Provincial Fisheries Department.  With
Mr. Van Wilby, he made considerable progress with the preparation of
the manuscript dealing with the marine fishes of the British Columbia
The investigations on fish nutrition dealt with experiments
to determine a cheap ration, well balanced in respect to proteins and
fats and supplemented by vitamins, for the feeding of trout in the
hatcheries. By examining the stomach content of several hundred
trout Dr. Clemens obtained data from which it will be possible to
calculate the proportions of protein, fat carbohydrates, and mineral
salts in the natural diet.  Information v/as also obtained by Dr.
Clemens and Mr. G. J. Spencer concerning the distribution and '
abundance of fresh-water organisms serving directly or indirectly
as food for trout in the various areas of the Province.
Dr. Clemens with the help of Mr. R. W. Pillsbury, spent
some time in preparing information concerning the distribution of
Marine Shellfish (Mollusca) of the British Columbia Coast.
Mr. Spencer continued his long-term investigations on the
following: (a) insects affecting stored products in homes in British
Columbia; (b) the fauna of birds' nests in British Columbia and
(c) ectoparasites of birds and mammals in British Columbia. He
devoted, also, a good deal of time to the preparation of an account
of the bionomics of grasshoppers, based upon his investigations of
past years.
Dr. Ian McT. Cowan carried out a study of the food habits
of the barn owl in British Columbia and began a general survey of
the parasites and diseases of birds and mammals in the Province. He
also continued his investigations in the life history of Columbia
black-tailed deer, special emphasis being laid upon food habits,
parasites, and disease.  The report on the food habits was completed
and was ready for publication. The life histories of three parasites,
the nose fly, the louse fly, and the bladder worm, v/ere studied.
Findings concerning the first two were completed and put in manuscript
form. A general survey of disease in the deer was continued throughout
the year. Six deer were posted.  One hundred fifty microscopic
slides of normal tissue and fifty slides of pathological tissue were
prepared and studied.
At the request of the Provincial Game Commission, Dr.
Cowan made an investigation to determine the extent of the damage
to field crops in the Okanagan Valley attributed to pheasant
activity and to attempt an evaluation of the economic position of
the pheasant in that area.  By the end of August,1942, one hundred
twenty-three pheasant stomachs had been examined and their contents 28.
measured and identified.     Crop damage was examined and other data
were obtained relative to tho economic position of the pheasant.
Extra-Sessional Classes.
No Extra-Sessional Classes were offered during 1941-42.
That v/as the  first session such classes wore not given since they
were started in 1928-29.    There were insufficient numbers of teachers
desiring any particular class to warrant offering any courses.    The
needs of the teachers were net,  however, in three ways:   (1)  by the
Directed Reading Courses;   (2) by arrangements whereby a candidate
attended only the Saturday mornings of a regular course and prepared
the rest  of the work by private reading;  and   (3) by attending the
Saturday morning classes offered by the Department of Education.  In
none of the above instances was an additional payment of an instructor
Directed Reading Courses.
There were two Directed Reading Courses during the year,
English 2 and History 2.
English  2.    The course consisted of a survey of English Literature
from the beginning of the Elizabethan Age in 1557 to the death of
Shelley in 1822.    The prescribed readings were very heavy.    The course
was divided into three parts and as each part was completed,   at the
end of December,  February and April,  respectively,  a searching test
in detail was sent to each  student.    The final examination,  general
in character and covering the whole course, was given at the opening
of the Summer School.
Throughout the session bulletins were sent  explaining the
requirements,  directing attention to important matters,  analysing
and co-ordinating the readings,  and  suggesting study methods.     In
all sixteen bulletins were sent  out,  amounting to eighty pages of
typewritten matter.    It is  gratifying to record that   during the
whole session not a single letter was received asking assistance with
the work or for clarification of  any point.    It  seems a fair conclusion that the material sent   out in the bulletins was not only
ample in volume but also adequate in content  and presentation.
,~*j vie. ft  i.)) ■'.■'- r"tj'{ orltv
•;. . . -\   *» . .
therefore made as concise as possible.       Second Year students
were given the option of four reports or two essays during tho
session.       Some chose two reports and one  essay.    Third and Fourth
Year students were required to do an essay in addition to the
requirements set  out for the Second Year.      In their letters and
verbal statements at the  Summer School 1942, the  students
expressed their appreciation of the advice and suggestions  given. 29.
The standard of performance was on the whole higher
than that of the intra-murals..  This may be due, in part, to
the fact that the poorer ones fell by the wayside.  The later
reports and essays were of a higher quality than the earlier,
a testimony not only to the diligence of the candidates but also
to their ability to profit from the suggestions and criticisms
offered by the instructor and reader.
To all the instructors for their faithful work in
the class rooms and in the laboratories, to all the members of
Faculty who, in addition to their class instruction, gave much
valuable time on Committees, and to all the members of the
staff, the Dean expresses his appreciation and thanks.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean 30.
In the annual report for the year ending August,   1941,
it was recorded that recommendations  for changes  in curriculum had
been referred to a Committee of Senate for further  study.      The
Committee  reported favourably and Senate duly adopted its report,
subject to the   approval of the Board of Governors as to the
necessary financial arrangements.    The principal change recommended
was tho  transfer of Chemistry 2(b)   from the third  year to the
second year so that both Chemistry 2(a)  and 2(b)  v/ould be included
in the second year curriculum.    This  change would permit  a limited
amount of specialization in the third year and would enable students
in Chemical Engineering to take some advanced courses in Chemistry
in that  year.    In May, 1942,  Senate was informed that tho Board of
Governors had not been able to make provision in the budget for the
proposed changes  in curriculum.
Some minor changes  in curriculum and numerous revisions
in content were made in several departments.    Treatments of strategic
war minerals were introduced into courses in Metallurgy.     Changes in
courses in Mechanical Engineering consisted chiefly in grouping
related subjects into full year courses, thus obtaining a better
balance in the work of the fourth and fifth years.    In the  course in
elementary structural design,  special emphasis has  been placed on
the  design of wooden structures,  and students  in Mining taking this
course are now given instruction in the design of head frames and
other structures of particular interest to mining men.    Repairs on
hydraulic equipment made possible an extension in laboratory
experiments in this subject.      In the  Electrical Engineering course
special emphasis is being placed on radio work because  of the
increased demand for men in this field.       In the Department of
Nursing and Health closer supervision of  field work facilities
provided by the Metropolitan Health Committee and the rural health
units  enabled students to obtain the best possible instruction
therefrom.       Closer contact with the Vancouver General Hospital
School of Nursing has continued to prove very beneficial to the
students during their hospital course and has  greatly strengthened
the relations between the University Department and the Hospital
School of Nursing.     Special courses in home nursing,  first aid,
community health and social needs were provided for extra-departmental
and extra-mural  students by members of the  staff.      Members of the
staff attended and took part in a refresher course for public  health
officials given under the  auspices of the Provincial Board of Health.
In response to requests from the  Registered Nurses'
Association of British Columbia a post-graduate refresher course,
extending over a period of two weeks in July and August, tes arranged
by the Department of Nursing and Health in co-operation with the
Registered Nurses'  Association.       Instruction was provided in various
aspects of supervision in public health nursing.      The total
attendance was 48,  including 32 public health nurses and 16  social
workers.      Mimeographed outlines of all the lectures were prepared by 31.
the Department  and distributed to those enrolled  in the classes.    Tho
course v/as very successful and members of the Department are prepared to develop similar courses for v/hich there may be a demand.
The registration showed a marked increase over that  of any
previous  session,   and notwithstanding the number of hours each week
devoted to military training,  academic  standards are being well
maintained.       Difficulties oxperionced in maintaining standards are
caused by inadequacy of accommodation,  staff and equipment.      The
necessity for  increased class room and laboratory space was stressed
in my report for the academic year 1940-41,  and the conditions
therein described  still prevail.       Due to the increased demand for
graduates in industry and the armed forces,   it was found impossible
to obtain the  services of competent  instructors to fill the junior
positions on the  staff.    For the first time in the  life of this
Faculty senior undergraduate students were employed as part-time
readers and assistants.      This  contingency is one for v/hich there
is no apparent  relief.    Existing priorities for war purposes have
caused repeated postponements of delivery of  essential apparatus
for university laboratories.
Notwithstanding these difficulties some additions were
made to our laboratory equipment.    In the Electrical Engineering
laboratory a four-panel switch-board was installed and a fair amount
of radio equipment procured.      The loan by the Ford Motor Company
of  Canada of a 95-horsepower engine,   fitted with a Froude brake,
designed and constructed in our own laboratory, will give senior
students in Mechanical Engineering the opportunity to make tests on
a modern gasoline engine.      Additions to the  equipment in the
laboratories of the Department of Mining and Metallurgy include a
gas heated furnace for high temperature heat treatment,  an automatic
temperature controller for heat-treating muffle, a furnace for
pyrometer calibration,  a mechanical agitator for leaching tests,
and a small  single-phase electric arc furnace for investigating
the electric  smelting of certain ores.      There is an urgent need
for an electric induction furnace to provide facilities  for the
investigation of problems in the welding,  brazing and hardening
of metals.
Although the teaching load carried by members of the
staff has been increased,   considerable attention has been given to
research problems.    Investigations under tho direction of the
staff of the Department  of Mining and Metallurgy include:
Leaching nickeliferous pyrrhotito v/ith  solutions of ferrous-
ferric chloride.
Investigations into gold and cobalt recovery from Little
Gem ore.
Tests on British Columbian arsenical ores.
Roasting and cyaniding tests  on Tamarac gold ore
Tests to determine the usefulness of  the roasting procedure
developed in previous years. 52.
Tests to detormino tho possibility of extracting gold by
cyanidation of  sulphide oros which had beon subjected to roasting
in an inort atmosphere.
Tests on powdered iron from pyrrhotite residues.
Analysis of  barite.
Roasting and cyaniding of a gold concentrate
"Calorizing" for surface protection of metal
Tests on tungsten ore,  bog and manganese ore for battery use,
compounds for improving coal for domestic use, production of  carbon
for activation,  fusion point  of clay.
The  expanding need for metallographic   studies is ref looted
in the large number of investigations  carried out during the year.
Included under this classification are tests on valve-guides for
aeroplane engines, technique of rivet-heating for shipyard work,
analysis of bronze gears,   flux for soft solder,   elimination of
scaling during forging of  ships'   channels,  heat-treatment of a
weld, calibration of a Vickers'  hardness testing machine,   carburizing
gun parts,   substitute spring    steels and properties of alloy steels
for gun manufacture.
Researches in the  ore  dressing laboratory produced
successful processes for several mining properties,  including
Highland Bell Mine  (silver), Little Gem  (cobalt-arsenic), Pacific
Nickel  (nickel).  Kelowna Exploration Company   (cobalt-arsenic)   and
Salmo   (tungsten).
The opening of a Vancouver Branch of The American Society
of Metals in October, 1941,  strengthened the   close association that
has existed between the University and the mining and metallurgical
profession in the community.    Members of the staff contributed  to a
course of lectures sponsored by the  Society in association with
the Department  of University Extension.    A University Chapter of
The American Institute of Chemical Engineers was authorized at the
close of  the academic year.
At the annual meeting of the British  Columbia Division
of The Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in October,
Professor F, A,  Forward presented a paper on "Research and the
Mining Industry", which received favourable comment from mining
men in attendance.    The interest manifested in tho presentation
was such that following conferences v/ith representatives of the
Provincial and Dominion governments,  the Mining Association of
British Columbia,   and the University, there v/as established The
British Columbia War Metals Research Board for the purposo of
developing and utilizing the strategic metal resources of the
Province of British Columbia.    Tho Board, which is under the  joint
sponsorship of the Provincial Department of Minos,  the mining
industry,  the Federal Department of Mines  and Resources,   and the
Federal Controller of Metals,  was granted tho use of the laboratories
in the University's Mining Building during the summer months.  Valuable
work has been done by tho technical staff under the direction of 55.
Professor Forward, resulting in. the recovery of quantities of
strategic metals from properties now in operation.      The  Emerald
Mine near Salmo, B.C. is now being equipped for the production of
tungsten in commercial quantities and the development of other
properties is under consideration.      It is a matter of satisfaction
to note that the University has been able to make a definite
contribution to this important national effort.
In the Department  of Forestry,  sample plots were
designated to determine the  effect of various degrees of thinning
in young alder stands,   and the v/ork of cruising and compilation of
growth and yield data in the University Forest was continued.   Small
projects in pruning,  determination of highest growth in plantations,
and effectiveness of cultural operations in plantations were
developed.    Professor F. M. Knapp has been collecting information
on the history  of logging in West Point Grey and the University
Forest.      All members of the departmental staff were engaged  in
investigative work during the  summer months.
In January,  1941,  Mr.   J,  E. Liersch, B.A.,  B.A.Sc,M.F.,
was appointed Professor and Head of the  Department of Forestry.
In January,  1942,   shortly after he had entered upon his duties as
such, his services were requisitioned by the Timber Controller of
Canada for the purpose of  speeding up production of sitka spruce,
urgently needed by the governments of  Canada and the United Kingdom
for airplane construction.    The Board of Governors granted   leave of
absence to Professor Liersch to enable him to undertake this
important  national service.
Mr.  E.  G. Matheson,  a former member of the staff of the
Department  of  Civil Engineering,  presented  a valuable collection
of textbooks and transactions of technical societies,     I have
pleasure  in making formal acknowledgement  of this most acceptable
gift.    Thanks are due also to the Caterpillar Tractor Company for
the  loan of one of its tractors to the Department of Forestry and
to the Ford Motor Company of Canada for the loan of a modern
gasoline engine to the Department  of Mechanical and  Electrical
It  is a pleasure   to record, my appreciation of the faithful
co-operation extended to me throughout the session by the governing
bodies,  the teaching staff and the students.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 34.
The Faculty of Agriculture has'carried on with all
teaching and research in as.normal a way as the emergency war
conditions have permitted.    There were no major changes within
the year.
Department of Agricultural Economics.
The study, A Factual Survey of the Fraser Valley Dairy'
Industry and the Greater Vancouver111 Milk Market, was completed and
mimeographed during the year.      The work on this report was done
largely by Mr.  R. P. Forshaw,  as Assistant in the Department,  and
the cost was underwritten by Safeway Stores Limited.
Department of Agronomy.
Wheat Report.
In the course of the year an important report was ••
completed,  entitled "Wheat Studies  in British Columbia".    This
report represents several years of work, including field  experiments
by Dr.  G. G, Moe and associates.    The report  is an important contribution to our knowledge of wheat in British Columbia.
Because of the highly technical nature of this report and
the  consequent  limited  demand for it,  only five copies  have been
prepared.    One copy has been filed with the Department of Agriculture,
Ottawa,  one with the Department of Agriculture, Victoria, one in
the Library of The University of British Columbia,  one with the
Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture,  and the fifth in the Department
of Agronomy.
Seedings of alfalfa of the underground, spread-in type
have been made in the following places for purposes of seed production:
The University of British Columbia        -    3 acres.
Guichon Ranch Company, Ltd.,  Quilchena - 1,7 acres.
Fairbridge Farms,  Duncan, V,I,      - | acre.
Seed Work.
■wi«mi»»iw ■ ■»» «■
The following foundation stock seeds were produced by
the Department of Agronomy in co-operation with the Provincial
Department of Agriculture.    The cost of this production was underwritten by the Department  of Agriculture, Victoria, B.C. 35.
Victory oats
2383 lbs
Eagle oats
962 "
Kharkov whoat
1024 "
Dawson's Golden Chaff wheat
992  "
Jones' Fife whoat
861 "
Ridit wheat
852 «
Storm rye
872 »
Root seed, Mangels, Yellow
34 "
Swedes, Bangholn
15^ "
Flax seed
1342 »
Potatoes and Flax.
The eye index work on potatoes and the work with fibre
flax were continued on the same basis as during the previous year.
Soil Survey.
During tho summer of 1942,  Dr.  D.   G. Laird and Mr.   Laurie
Farstad,  representing the Provincial and Dominion Departments
respectively,  conducted a soil survey in tho Vanderhoof-Fraser Lake
area,    This  study is introductory to more  detailed studies that
may be  a guide to a settlement policy.
Department  of Animal Husbandry.
The following projects  seemed to be of  special importance:
Bang's Disease.
Since May 1st,   1940,  a total of forty-seven animals has
been vaccinated against the disease.    Twenty head were vaccinated
as older cattle,   all being twelve months or older.    Twenty-seven
head have been vaccinated as calves under eight months of age.    No
abortions have occurred among those vaccinated when they v/ere more
than twenty-four months of age;  four of these v/ere mature cows. There
have been three calvings to date, with three more due to calve
shortly among the group vaccinated when they were under twelve months
of age.    Within this group at  date of the  last blood test,  there were
twelve fully negative  animals, two continuing reactors,  four showing
a vaccination "take",   and nine to be vaccinated.    During the year only
three abortions have occurred in the entire herd,  these three being
in naturally infected animals that had aborted in previous years.
Pullorum Disease Work.
During the  year approximately 270,000  samples  of blood were
tested.    Post-mortems for laboratory diagnostic proof  of test reactions
were made on about  fifty birds.      Two flocks required additional
investigation,  but this work was not  completed due to shortage of
labour on farms which prevented the full co-operation of the  owners. Department  of Dairying.
Laboratory Accommodation.
Special attention is drawn to tho fact that this Department is  severely handicapped by very limited   laboratory accommodation.
Congestion exists in all  departments of tho Faculty, but  it is
particularly acute in this Department.    Approximately three times
the present  accommodation is essential to the  attainment of highest
efficiency in teaching.
Short Course in Cheese-making.
Under the Department of University Extension, a two weeks'
Short Course in Cheddar Choeso*fciakiiig was hold by the Department  of
Dairying from April 7th to 17th,  inclusive.      The Course was arranged
at the request of the B.C.Branch of the Canada Produce Association.
It was planned to supplement the work given at  the Short  Course held
in the Spring of 1941.    As on previous occasions,  the University
enjoyed the co-operation of the Dominion and Provincial Departments
of Agriculture.    Mr. T.  J.  Hicks,  Senior Dairy Produce Grader of the
Marketing Service,   Dominion Department  of Agriculture, again served as
Chief Instructor.      He was assisted by Mr. H. A. Mason,  Dairy Produce
Grader for the Province,  and by the  staff of the Dairy Branch of
the Provincial Department  of Agriculture under Mr.  Henry Rivo,    Ton
experienced cheese-makers from various parts of the Province attended
the  Course.
Greater Vancouver Water District Board.
Pending the completion and equipping of their own laboratories,
the Greater Vancouver Water District Board availed themselves of the
facilities of the Department  for urgent work connected with the
Vancouver water supply.
Mr. Howard of Toronto,   Consultant to the Board,  v/orked in
the  laboratory from July 13th to August 2nd.      Miss Worthington,
Bacteriologist with the Board,  continued  the work during the month
of August.
The facilities of the Department which were made available
to the Board consisted in large measure of equipment and apparatus of
a permanent nature,  difficult to obtain owing to the scarcity  of
certain metal supplies  and to the  demand for this type of  equipment
by the Armed Forces.       Certain supplies  of a perishable nature,
urgently required for the work of the Board, were also made available,
but in no instance was the work of the Department in any way hampered
and all materials put at their disposal have since been replaced.
Dr.  E. A.   Cleveland,   Chief  Commissioner of the Board,  has
expressed to the Department his appreciation and thanks for the
courtesies extended. 57.
Department  of Horticulture.
Special mention is made of the following projects:
Vegetable Seed Trials.
For the  sixth consecutive year the Department  of
Horticulture has conducted a series of vegetable seed trials. This
work was commenced in 1937  as a co-operative project between the
Plant Products Division, Production Service of the Dominion Department of Agriculture,   and the University of British Columbia.
In this year's trials there were some  samples of seeds on
test.    As usual,  the  Department  of Horticulture provided the
necessary land,  the  labour for fitting the  area and all materials
used,  including animal manure,  commercial fertilizer,   spray materials,
stakes and labels.       The  labour costs were cared for by a special
grant  from the Dominion Department  of Agriculture  ($600.00),   supplemented by contributions of $310.00 from other souroes as follows:
British Columbia Seed Growers' Association  $125.00
Provincial Department  of Agriculture  125.00
Wm.   Rennie Seeds Ltd..   35.00
Brackman-Ker Milling Co.Ltd., New Westminster  25.00
TOTAL .... $310.00
This vegetable  seed testing work is proving of distinct
value and should become increasingly important as the war has
created an extremely heavy demand, at home and  abroad, for Canadian
grown   seeds.
Raspberry Failure Researoh.
The U.B.C.  raspberry planting continues to yield a wealth
of information.    This year,  and until such time as couch grass is
eliminated, the cover-crop plots were  changed  over to clean
cultivation.      A 5x5 micro-element experiment was substituted.
The elements used were boron,   copper, manganese and zinc.      The
remainder of the experiment was conducted as in previous years.
The micro-elements had no effect on yields but  some of
them had a pronounced effect on the chemical composition of the
Of the fertilizer treatments,  ammonium phosphate plus
muriate of potash continued  in leading place.    The  standard 5-10-5
fertilizer has stood up well.    For a planting which is not run
down,  and for continued maintenance,  this formula is  satisfactory.
Where signs of  soil depletion occur,  ammonium phosphate is
recommended.     A supplementary report on this project will follow
at a later date. 38.
Department  of Poultry Husbandry.
Special mention is made of the following projects:
The Record of Performance  (R.O.P.)  Flock.
At the time of the termination of the lease with Henderson
Bros,  the Record of Performance and breeding flock,  which had been
increased considerably by the lessees, v/as reduced to approximate
the  original nucleus owned by the  University when the lease was
drawn.      These breeding birds were,  of   course,  the  choice of the
comparatively large flock developed by the lessees and were
exclusively pedigreed birds.    In the selection, particular attention
was paid to the size and number  of eggs  as well as to family vigor
and type of the birds.    As a result of the drastic  selection
practiced,much  of the stock of ordinary grade was disposed of,
leaving a foundation breeding unit of good  quality.
The pedigreed males chosen to head the R.O.P.   breeding
pens were the choice of several hundred.    In the case of the Rhode
Island Reds and Barred Plymouth Rocks they were  all early feathering
and of Grade A special meat type.      A large percentage of the R.O.P.
females were of   similar grade.
When the breeding work was placed under the control of the
Department   in the spring,   it was then possible to breed by individual
pedigree only; moreover,  all of the matings,  except in experimental
breeding, were R.O.P.  approved.      Thus,  for the first time,   all  of
the pedigreed chicks were  R.O.P.   chicks.    Except   in the case of the
new auto-sexing breeds, the Cambar,  the Redbar and the other Crossbreds.
it is  proposed to confine regular production breeding in the noar
future to R.O.P.  approved matings.     From these,  in addition to University requirements,   a considerable number of  R.O.P.   cockerels may be
supplied for private breeders and hatcheries producing R.O.P.-sired
chicks.    Two large  local hatoheries  are now depending to a considerable
extent upon University of British Columbia stock for improvement  work.
The  Cambar-Auto-sexing Breed.
The production of the present  generation of Cambar pullets
has  exceeded expectations.    They now approach the other breeds in
intensity of egg production, while their meat type is decidedly
superior.      By back-crossing with the Barred Plymouth Rocks,   size
and egg production are being strengthened.      The breed is now self-
supporting and  is practically ready for admission to the Standard
of Perfection.    It is proposed to make the necessary application in
the coming year.    The following economic qualities will be  claimed
for this breed as improved and developed to commercial rank by this
Department:    Auto-sexing,   superior fleshing qualities as indicated
by extra plumpness and  smoothness of  carcass,  fine bone?  creamy white
flesh,  good egg production, non-broodiness,  early maturity,   and
fast,  early full-feathering. 39.
The Nutritive Value of Wheat.
A preliminary study of the nutritive value of wheat
in the rations of young chicks was carried out by Miss  Dorothy
Lawrence.      This study consisted of two series of experiments
involving forty-four lots,   and a total of 1329 chicks.    The
results showed that wheat  can be used as the sole grain of a
chick ration, provided it  is  supplemented with suitable sources
of  animal proteins, minerals  and vitamins.    The  chicks which were
fed wheat as the only grain with the ration grew equally as well
as the  chicks which were fed a commercial ration,   containing a
variety, of grains.      The  experiments clearly demonstrated that a
variety of grains  is not indepensable in the  rations of young
chicks and that the greater use of wheat in poultry rations would
considerably lower the cost of poultry mashes, without, at the
same time,  sacrificing the value of  the mash.
Respectfully submitted,
Wartime conditions greatly affected the work of the
Dean of Women's office in the 1941-42 session.      Perhaps the
greatest effect was in a marked increase of part-time student
employment.      The demand for student  labour both during term and
for the long vacation was greater than the supply.       Students
wishing employment during term registered their qualifications
in the office,  which then attempted to direct their services where
they could make most use of their abilities.       Students thus secured
employment both on and off the campus and many were enabled to earn
enough for incidental expenses during the term.      They were
counselled,  however,  not to attempt more work than could be carried
without imperilling their academic standing.      In some  cases,  therefore,  where the need was greater than could be met by  such part-
time employment,  financial assistance had still to be given.     In
the spring,  again,  there was an eager demand for student  services
for the summer.      All who wished work were able to secure it.
During the year, women students worked actively in the room
set apart in the Brock Memorial Building for Red Cross work.    Here,
acting as a group under the Faculty Women's Red Cross Unit, they
made valuable contributions both in sewing and knitting.      They also
conducted weekly self-denial collections and assisted in other
money-making enterprises on the campus.      Many students also took
the courses in First Aid and Home Nursing offered by instructors
from the Department  of Nursing and Health.      The women's wartime
activities increased the work of the office but also resulted in
closer relations with the  students.
The Girls'   Co-operative residence was in.close touch v/ith
the Dean of Women's office all year.      A very attractive house was
taken before the  term began and the interest of the Faculty Women's
Club did a great deal to make the place more homelike- for  the
girls.      With money contributed by the club, a dining-room set and
dishes were purchased.    The club also donated articles of furniture
hangings and pictures.      Faculty wives were brought into direct
contact with the girls when the  students showed their appreciation
of this interest by holding open house and inviting them to tea.
A great deal to stimulate a pleasant relationship between
the Dean of Women and the students was accomplished by the opening
of a Dean of Women's room in the Brock Memorial Building at the
beginning of the term.      This room was furnished through a grant
made by the Board of Governors and by gifts from a few generous
donors.       During the year, the room was used for small social
gatherings and was particularly valuable in making it possible to
meet groups of  students in an informal way.       It is difficult to
establish an easy relationship with students in the formal atmosphere
of the office,   and the  social room will be of the greatest assistance
in breaking down barriers of  reserve and diffidence. 41
Supervising of boarding accommodation,  assistance with
the programmes of university clubs,   information with regard to
vocations for women,  and the  usual duties of the office of  Dean
of Women were continued.      The sororities co-operated in carrying
on campus activities and the organization of Phrateres continued
to be very helpful.
Since the obligations of the position were unfamiliar
to me I could not have carried on the year's woik without the
friendly spirit with which I was aided on all  sides;  and I  should
like here to express my very sincere thanks for the consideration
and assistance which I received.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean of Women. 42.
The twenty-third Summer Session opened on June 29th
and closed on August 14th,  1942.
■The enrolment by years, and the corresponding figures
for the previous three years,  are as follows:
1942        1941        1240        1222
522 460 587 713
It was necessary to discontinue three courses because
of low enrolments.    The numbers of full courses or half courses
given were as follows:
First Year
Second Year
Third Year
Fourth Year
Full courses
( 5 units)
Reading courses
( 3 units)
mm mm
Half courses
( 1 1/2 or
1 1/4 units)
In addition, the usual courses in Social Work, Which
were not under the jurisdiction of the Direotor of the Summer
Session, had an enrolment of twenty students.
Of the twenty-seven lecturers, ten were from other
institutions.    The Universities of Toronto,  Chicago, Washington,
Southern California,  California and Idaho,  and Victoria College and
the Provincial Normal School at Vancouver were represented.
A valuable feature of the Summer Session programme was
a series of ten noon-hour lectures on the conservation of natural
resources in British Columbia, arranged by the honorary agricultural
fraternity, Sigma Tau Epsilon.    In addition, the Summer Session
Students' Association sponsored a number of lectures and a musical 43.
The reduction in enrolment caused by the present
abnormal conditions must make for some change in the Summer
Session programme.  Further reduction in the number of
courses offered is, of course, inevitable.  Also, a policy
of appointing a larger proportion of members of our own
staff as instructors must receive consideration.
Respectfully submitted,
Director, Summer Session. 44
A considerable development  and  expansion of the work of
the Department of University Extension has occurred during the year
under review.      As in the past,  the Department has  continued to
offer a general adult education programme intended to make the
resources of the University available in some measure,   at least,
to all parts  of the Province.      However,  changing conditions during
the third year of the war have naturally necessitated certain
modifications in this programme.    For example,  owing to the  shortage
of young people in rural areas,  the rural section of the Dominion-
Provincial Youth Training Programme,  which had been such a successful
feature of the Department's work during the previous three years,  had
to be curtailed and finally discontinued   in January,  1942.    However,
these curtailments have been more than compensated for by the wide
variety of new demands for service v/hich the Department has received.
These demands have come both from the various, war organizations,
governmental and non-governmentalj  and from the public generally,
as a result of the  steadily increasing interest throughout the
Province in the University's adult  education programme.
New Services
Among the many new services offered by the Department,   the
following have been particularly important.
(i)      Film Circuits.
The. Department has co-operated with the National Film
Board and the Canadian Council of Education for Citizenship in arranging monthly showings of  educational films in rural communities which
are not served by commercial theatres.      Monthly visits have been
made to the communities selected and films of an educational and
topical nature, many dealing with Canada's role in the war, have been
shown in the afternoon to the schools and in the evening to  the general
public.      In co-operation with the Film Board, the Department
arranged a circuit of twenty-five communities in the Okanagan area
in January, 1942.       Each month in the period February to June,   some
7500  to 8000 people attended the showings.
In July, the Film Board asked the Department of University
Extension to organize and supervise three additional film circuits in
British Columbia.     Circuits were subsequently organized as follows:
Circuit No.   1 - Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island
Circuit No.   2 -  Okanagan Valley
Circuit No.   4 - Kootenay District
Plans were  also laid for the organization of Circuit No.   3
in the Prince George area. 45.
The film showings have been found to  be a very useful
medium for interesting rural communities in the Department's adult
education services.
( ii) National Farm Radio Forum.
The  Canadian Broadcasting Corporation,  the  Canadian
Federation of Agriculture and the Canadian Association for Adult
Education co-operated during the winter of 1941-42 in the presentation of a weekly half-hour broadcast  over  the National Netv/ork
of the  Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.       Each programme presented
a dramatization of an important  farm problem.      For further discussion of the problems raised in the broadcast,  listening groups
were organized in farm communities throughout the Dominion.
The Department  of University Extension co-operated with
the B.C.Federation of Agriculture in organizing and co-ordinating
the  listening groups in British Columbia.    Supplementary literature
for discussion purposes was mailed to the groups from the Extension
Office, and the  Director acted as provincial secretary of farm
forums in this Province.    The farm forum programme provided an
excellent   opportunity for the Department  to be of  service both to
organized agriculture as represented by the B.C.Federation of
Agriculture and to the  leaders of farm opinion in rural communities
throughout the Province.
(iii)    Course in Personnel Administration.
(July 13-lo, August 10-15,  September 14-19,   October  12-17)
In co-operation with the  Department   of Labour,  Ottawa,  the
Department of University Extension offered a four weeks'  course in
Personnel Administration.      The course was designed to meet the
requirements of  executives, particularly those in the rapidly
expanding war industries, who have found it  increasingly necessary
to delegate the responsibility for the   selection, placing, training,
and direction of  employees.       Employers were invited to  send to the
course men and women v/ho woro members of their personnel departments
or who were expected  shortly to be   chosen for personnel responsibilities.
On the recommendation of tho Department of Labour,  enrolment was
limited to forty students.      This limit was readily reached, with
students coming to the course from industries in all parts  of the
Province.      Instruction was given by trained personnel men from the
United States and  eastern Canada.      Local business executives and
Government officials were also invited to  take part in the discussions.
Evening Classes and Extension Lectures,
To meet an increased demand, the evening class programme
had to be considerably expanded last year.     Some  thirteen courses
were  offered in place of the eight given the previous year.      For
the  first time,   classes were given in North Vancouver and New Westminster.    The following is a list  of the courses offered and the
attendance: 46
Amateur Gardening  80 An Introduction to Navigation... 75
Business English    43 Plastics in Industry  64
Connercial Law    28 Poultry Husbandry  39
Current History  91 Properties & Treatment of
Elementary Economics   35   Metals 125
General Botany    49 Industrial Psychology .*... 57
Music Appreciation   66 .An Introduction to Poetry  34
As in previous years,  a large number of lectures were
given by Faculty members to organizations in Vancouver and vicinity.
Several tours were arranged to  outlying communities from which
requests for lecturers had been received.
Drama and Radio.
Changing war conditions have resulted in a number of
modifications in the Department's Theatre Services programme.    Adult
drama groups throughout the Province have had to curtail their
activities and have not been able to devote as much time as heretofore to a  serious study of the Theatre.      Particular emphasis has
therefore been placed during the past year on assisting directors
of young people's groups.    To supplement the senior study group
course in acting,   a new course was prepared entitled "Acting for
The Play Lending Library continues to be the medium
through which the Department meets the widespread need for dramatic
material.      New plays,  and texts on theatre and radio have been
added to the collection.       One hundred and thirty-eight registered
drama groups availed themselves  of borrowing privileges.      The
total circulation of books and plays was 5606 volumes.
Increasing use has been made of the Department's offer
to assist with advice in matters related to the production of plays
During the fall of  1941, Miss Dorothy Somerset, the instructor in
dramatics, visited nine groups on Vancouver Island.
A two days'   "Vancouver Theatre Conference" for drama
groups in the lower mainland was  sponsored by the Department during
the visit  of Mr.  Barclay Leathern,  Executive Secretary of the National
Theatre Conference, who was  conducting a  survey of the Canadian
Amateur Theatre at the request of the Rockefeller Foundation.     Some
fifty delegates attended conference sessions and several  committees
were formed to study the common problems  that  emerged from conference
In the spring of 1942, the instructor in dramatics acted
as adjudicator at   the Vancouver Drama Festival and at the Nanaimo
Speech and Drama Festival.       She also conducted a four days'   drama
course at  the Public Affairs Institute held at  Camp Elphinstone in
In response to a number of requests, the  summer course in
Radio Script Writing, v/hich had been offered for the first  time in
the  summer of 1941, was repeated  July 6th to August  8th, 1942.
Mr.  Robert S.  Emerson,   Chairman of the Department of Radio at New
York University, v/as brought to the University as instructor. Twonty-
eight  students enrolled for the course. Visual Instruction Services.
There has been a very considerable increase in the demand
for visual instruction material,  due to the growing interest in
educational films  and to the numerous requests for assistance from
the various war service organizations.      The number of organizations
using the films and film slides increased during the past year from
172 to  396.    These organizations represented some 254 towns and
communities in all parts of the Province.    Film slide and sound
projectors were  also  loaned to a number of schools  and other organizations.
The Department continued to serve as a depository for
films from the National Film Society.     Close co-operation has  been
maintained with the National Film Board in the circulation of war
information films.       Special Air Raid Precautions and Civilian
Defence films have been widely circulated in co-operation with the
Provincial Civilian Protection Committee.
To bring its visual instruction services to the attention
of the general public,  four programmes of  educational films v/ere
presented to the public in the University Auditorium.    In almost
every case, the films were  shown to  capacity audiences.
As in previous years,  a photographic service was provided
for the benefit  of University departments.
Educational Programme  in Co-operation.
Although a number of new problems had to be  faced this
year,  the  educational programme for British Columbia  fishermen
developed very satisfactorily during 1941-42.      Owing to  the reduction
in the  grant   from the Dominion Department of Fisheries,  it was
necessary to reduce the staff from three field workers to one.  However,
the fishing community continues  to give very widespread support to
the programme and,as a result,  It has been possible to accomplish a
great deal of worthwhile work.
A considerable amount of new study material v/as prepared
during the year.    This  included "The Co-operative Buying Club,"
a series of five bulletins,  and "A Course for Credit  Union Treasurers,"
based on lectures given in an evening class offered in Vancouver
during the past winter.    The courses prepared for use  of study groups
in the previous year were also used this year by the Extension Departments of  St,   Francis Xavier, Alberta  and Saskatchewan Universities.
Material was assembled for use in the preparation of a pamphlet
dealing with co-operative achievements and possibilities in the
fishing industry of British Columbia,    A "Co-op News Letter" was
issued periodically by the Department,  and proved valuable in maintaining contact with the widely scattered groups along the Coast.
Two trips were made to the northern communities, where,
as in the past,  the field worker maintained  close  contact with the
Prince Rupert Fishermen's  Co-operative Association.       Particular
assistance v/as given to the community of Massett, where  a clam cannery
was organized on a co-operative basis,   and completed a successful
year's operation.    As well as the  direct  economic advantages resulting
from this new venture,  the educational programme has helped to bring to Massett a greater unity and  sense of community co-operation
than has  existed heretofore.
A number of trips were made to Gulf and Vancouver Island
communities where considerable assistance was given to existing credit
unions and co-operative societies,  and several new organizations were
formed. '    In the Vancouver area,  the field worker was in close contaot
with the United Fishermen's Federal Union.       During the year,  this
organization decided to enter the field of co-operative  liver
Whether it  is estimated by its material accomplishments
or by its effect on the morale of the fishing population, the  programme is clearly contributing in a very real way to the war effort
of the maritime areas of British  Columbia.
During the break in the programme which has  occurred each
year between the  expiration of the grant on March 31st and notice of
its renewal later in the  summer,  a lecture tour was arranged for
Mr. Arthur Wirick covering those communities which had shown a
particular interest  in the co-operative movement.    Twenty-four meetings
were held.    Mr. Wirick reported a widespread interest in the cooperative movement and a need for a regular co-operative educational
programme in rural British Columbia.
Study Groups.
As in previous years,  the Department has   endeavoured to
give every assistance to those wishing to organize for group study
and discussion.     It has been considered increasingly important to
encourage this type of adult education at the present  time.    The
study group procedure stresses the value of individual initiative
in seeking knowledge,  and a spirit   of group co-operation in pooling
ideas.    There is no better training for more  effective democratic
Several new study group courses were prepared  and have
proved to be very valuable additions to the Department's study group
programme.    The course in Child Psychology,  prepared during the
previous summer at the request of the Parent-Teacher Federation of
British  Columbia, proved particularly popular,  with  some  sixty-four
groups registered in all parts of tho Province.    A course in Public
Speaking met the need for instruction in this field, particularly
among young people.     "An Introduction to Navigation" was prepared
on the basis of the evening class lectures given to Vancouver
fishermen.     "The Co-operative Buying Club"  and "Acting for Juniors"
have already been described.    During the summer of 1942, plans were
drafted for three more  courses,   entitled "Music Appreciation,"
"Art Appreciation" and "Community Clinic"   (an introduction to
Sociology).    They will be available for use during the fall and
winter of 1942-43.
As in the previous year,   courses were offered in "British
Columbia History," "Modern Literature," "Practical Psychology,"
"An introduction to the Co-operative Movement,"  "Credit  Unions,"
"Acting," and "Playwriting." 49
Co-operation \vjth. Other Organizations.
An increasingly important feature of the Department's
work has  been its policy of co-operating v/ith other organizations
and assisting them v/ith their own educational work.     With a  limited
staff,  it is felt that the Department  can contribute most effectively by helping other groups which are endeavouring to establish
adult  education programmes.       It is  impossible to describe all
instances of such assistance,  but  reference may be made to the
A series of public   lectures was arranged for each of the
following groups:  the Grahdview Y.rr.C^.,  the Victoria Extension
Association, Alexandra Neighbourhood House, and  the B.C.Optometric
Association.     Special courses were arranged at the request of
the  Canadian Credit Men's association,   the United Fishermen's
Federal Union, the American Society for Metals,  the North Vancouver
Horticultural Society,  and the B.C.Credit Union League.    As has been
indicated throughout the report, numerous government   agencies have
called on the Department for co-operation.      These have  included the
Dominion Department of Labour,   the  Wartime Prices and Trade Board,
the National Film Board, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
Many war service organizations,   including the  Canadian Legion War
Services, havo called  on tho  Department for assistance in their
Radio Technicians'   Course.
At  the  request of the Department of National Defense for
Air and in co-operation v/ith the Departments  of Electrical Engineering and Physics,  the Department  of  University Extonsion has been
conducting classes in Radio Mechanics for enlisted personnel of
the R.C.A.F.      The  course,  which is  of seventeen weeks'  duration,
provides the fundamental training required for men engaged in
operational and maintenance work with the  Radio Locator.    Approximately ninety men are posted to  each course.     From June,  1941,  to
August, 1942,  four courses have been held.
Public Relations.
The  Department continues to  regard its public relations
work as a by-product of its general programme of adult education.
No specific publicity prograime is  carried on.    However,   it  is safe
to say that  the standing of  the University in the community has been
very greatly enhancod as a result of  its policy  of placing its
resources at the service of the public through an adult education
As in the past,  the Department has sent to the newspapers
of the Province not only the results  of tho  sessional examinations
but other items of  interest  concerning the work of the University.
Particular stress, wherever possible,  is placed on the  contribution
the University is making to the nation's war effort. 50.
A brief examination of the statistical summary which
follows will indicate the extent of the work carried on during the
past year.      This could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of uany Individuals and organizations.      It is a particular
pleasure to acknowledge the helpful advice and encouragement received
from the President and the Board of Governors, the generous support
and assistance given by the members of the University teaching staff,
and the loyal and efficient service rendered by the very much overworked staff of the Department.
Statistical Summary.
Outside Lectures Given by Members of the
University Staff:
viumoer ,««•.•««.*.,<,«•«,«.*•««.., p?— p*r*r
Attendance  49,670 33,942
Radio Addresses  — 19
Evening Classes:   .
Total Registration...  3^5 786
Study Groups;
Number of Registered Study Groups 199 259
Number of Farm Forum Listening
Groups and Individuals.......... — 184
Extension Library Circulation:
Phonograph Record Loan Service:
Number of Registered Groups,..... — ;  32
Drama and Radio;
Number of Registered Brama Groups
Short Drama Courses	
Visits to Out-of-Town Drama Groups
Summer Course in Radio Script
Writing .........   (attendance) 36 28
Visual Instruction Services*
Motion Picture Films  (reels) 5,38? 5,929
Sets of Film Slides  1,821 lt?22
Sets of Lantern Slides......,,. 75 101
Motion Picture Showings. , 153,580       400,141
Film Slide & Lantern Slide
Showings...........  50,850 65,013
— ■
9 '5i.
1940-41 4941-42
Visual Instruction Services  (Continued)
Number of organizations using the
Number of towns and communities in
whioh material was used*,»»,., ....,.♦,
National Information Circuit  (tkanagaa)
Total Attendance,.....................
Educational Programme for i.e.Fishermen:
Number of Communiti es Vi sited	
Number of Meetings Held............... *
Attendanc e at Meetings.................  6,368
Number of Study Clubs Organized.,.,.,.,
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training
Two and Three Weeks' Schools.,..........        19 4
Total Attendance.       612 111
Respectfully submitted
-pRBON M.  SHiSJM, ■
Director of University Extension.
" 3n
. 254
«■ «■*
-   -4.6^314
42   -.-.
'43 52.
The maintenance of health is a matter of national
importance. '    The health of a community determines its  ability
to give a full measure of support to the war effort.      Young
people of .military age are at the present time the most important
group in our community,   and  concerted effort is essential to
promote their well being.
The University Health Service has recognized its
responsibility in this regard and the health programme has been
expanded to include a careful check on student  absenteeism,   advice
to students on health problems,  and treatment for remedial defects.
Compulsory military training demands a hign degree of physical
efficiency,  and our Office has worked in close haitoony with the
Medical Officer of the Canadian Officers'  Training- Corps.
The reciprocal arrangement whereby male students on
entrance to University are examined by the Medical Officers of the
Canadian Officers' Training Corps has worked out satisfactorily.
The military examination of male  students is acceptable for
University entrance and conforms in general to our requirements.
The Military Officers were  kind enough to enter the results
of physical examinations on the Student's University Medical  Card,
and our Office assisted in various parts of the examination,  such
as the taking of blood pressures and urinalysis.      In addition,
various laboratory tests were performed,  including Tuberculin
Testing and arranging for Chest X-ray.     Quarters and equipment
were shared.      Male  students absent during the term because of
illness or injury,   and those desiring temporary exemption for these
causes,  were checked by the Public Health Nurse and recommendations
for the  same were made to  the Medical Officer of the  Canadian
Officers' Training Corps.    Necessarily this meant extra work, which
was reflected in a total of  10,617  student visits to the office,
an increase of l,86l over the preceding year.      Altogether,  3,940
individuals reported to the office.
The number of students examined at the beginning of the
term was 1038,  a new high.       Of those,  687 received the  combined
Military and University examination performed by military examiners.
This figure includes a number of women specially examined for
participation in athletics,  repeat examinations of  students not
examined, within four years,  and also  sixteen members of the
Cafeteria staff who receive a yearly examination.
Altogether,  58 per cent,  of the students showed defects
which required correction or further investigation.    In addition,
11 per cent, were asked to report concerning vaccination.      This
figure is high and indicates the need for periodic health
examination in a general scheme of education and beyond,  for the
young people of today are the parents and citizens of tomorrow
and neglected health is bound to impair the  intelligent functioning
of  society.    Again,  the mere finding of defects is not  enough. 55.
Unless    amplified by health education and the means for amelioration.
together with a word of encouragement,   such examinations and noting
of defects are useless.    We have tried to amplify the initial
examination of students in this respect, with emphasis  on positive
health rather than the negative side which allows of medical
attention only when  disability has developed.    However, the general
student health was found to be fairly good, as was evidenced by the
recommendation that 78 per cent,  of the female students could
participate in strenuous exercise and competitive games.      Male
students were classified  in a different manner by the military
examiners,  although it  is safe to assume that the percentage figures
for physical capaoity for exercise is similar.
Fortunately, no serious epidemic of communicable disease
occurred during the year.    A small epidemic of mumps developed  during
the winter months,  the peak being reached in February.    Altogether
42 cases were reported, an attack rate of 3.5 per cent,   of  the
susceptible University population.       Susceptibility is determined
by the absence of a previous history of the  disease.    The greatest
concentration of cases.   (40 per cent.)   occurred among students of
Second Year Applied Science,  Section A.    Altogether,  35 per cent,  of
susceptible students in this group developed mumps.    Fortunately,
progress of the disease was checked among other groups.     Students
are urged to report when not feeling well,  or,  if ill at home,  to
call a doctor.      Due to the increased incidence of Scarlet Fever
in the Vancouver Metropolitan Area,  some concern was felt regarding
its spread at the University.    However,  but four cases developed.
Contacts were  carefully watched.
Colds and  sore throats accounted  for most office visits
and absence due to illness.    Approximately 82 per cent,  of office
visits concerning communicable diseases were for colds and sore
throats.       Daily lists of students reporting illness were  submitted
to the Medical Officer of the  Canadian Officers' Training Corps v/ith
recommendations respecting absence from parade and physical training.
Due to the prevalence of Acute Poliomyelitis and Epidemic
Encephalitis in the Prairie Provinces and the  eastern part  of British
Columbia during the summer of 1941,   students arriving from affected
areas were asked to report to the Health Office.    Altogether,  110
students reported.      This was a precautionary measure designed to
prevent the spread of these diseases among the University population.
Students were advised concerning premonitory symptoms and what to do
should such arise.    Fortunately, no cases developed.    These students
were kept under observation for two weeks.
The students are availing themselves more and more of the
privilege of coming to  the office for advice on health matters.    The
increasing number of visits is a gratifying reflection of the students'
attitude toward health, not necessarily from a personal point  of
view, but also in a broader sense,  the problems of community health,
which we are at all times glad to discuss with them.
During the year 29 students attended for interviews with
the psychiatrist.    Twenty-six came for discussion of personality
problems,   two for advice primarily connected with their careers,  and
one  sought help for a relative.    The majority were seen for one
interview only but  some students attended on several occasions and
the total number of interviews given v/as 39. 54.
During the medical examinations given to new students,
a general enquiry was made for personality difficulties and,  as
a result of this enquiry,  sixteen students were referred to the
psychiatrist for discussion of their problems.      Ten students
were also referred by the army medical authorities for consideration
of their fitness,  on psychiatric grounds, to continue military
training.      In these cases a confidential report was sent to the
Army Medical Officer.
Amongst the students interviewed a few cases of definite
psychiatric and neurological disorder were discovered.    One case of
acute schizophrenia was seen, one with a history of a recent
schizophrenic breakdown, and three showing symptoms of schizoid
type of personality.    Two cases of idiopathic epilepsy and one of
migraine were diagnosed and referred for appropriate treatment. Ten
students were found to be suffering from psychoneurotic symptoms
of various types which handicapped them to different degrees.    The
remaining eight showed only minor signs of maladjustment, usually
connected with family or personal difficulties.
The results obtained in this work are difficult to assess
accurately, but a general idea can be given by the following figures,
Twelve students were undoubtedly helped  in understanding and solving
their personality difficulties.  Seven were found to be suffering from
more difficult or serious symptoms and were referred for treatment.
The remaining seven presented various problems,  environmental or
constitutional, which prevented the possibility of constructive
Psychiatric work in a group of intelligent young adults
is most interesting end hopeful.    Many of the personality problems
which handicap a not inconsiderable number of university students
could be modified quite rapidly if sufficient skilled assistance
were available.      Reports from a number of universities which
provide such a service confirm this opinion.    This help is not
only needed for students showing ominous symptoms of approaching
breakdown, but for many others-whose personality problems interfere
with their ability to study satisfactorily or to adjust themselves
to the community.
Such a department  should not, in the students'  opinion,
be connected with "mental abnormality" but  should be regarded as
providing a simple opportunity for the discussion of any personal
difficulties.      Students should be accepted for an interview at
their own request, through advice from members of the university
faculty, or from the health service.
The time at present available for work at the University
of British Columbia is too limited to do more  than touch the
surface of mental hygiene problems.    However,  a nucleus is provided
around which a great extension of the work could be built up in
the future,
A very important part of our programme is the tuberculin
survey of new students and the X-ray of those found positive.    This 55.
programme extends throughout the  entire year and many repeat
tests  and examinations  are performed.
Six new cases of Tuberculosis were discovered this year.
Three were Minimal Active and  the remainder were Minimal Apparently
Arrested.     One case is being closely followed as a suspect,  and
29 others were under observation.      However, nine of the latter
group have been discharged  from this category.       Six other cases
of Tuberculosis were under continuous observation during the year.
It is felt that the initial programme of tuberculin testing
and Chest X-ray,  followed by continuous observation of all cases
whose physical condition permits  them to attend University, has
worked very satisfactorily in preventing the  spread of Tuberculosis
among University students.      Tho majority of cases develop the
disease following contact of open cases at home,  and a history of
Tuberculosis in the home necessitates frequent recheck of individual
The number of immunizations against communicable disease
has notably increased.      Altogether 303 individual series of
immunizations against Smallpox,  Diphtheria,  Scarlet Fever and
Typhoid Fever were  given, an increase of 343 per  cent,  over  last
Students of the Departments of Nursing and Health and of
Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine were among the largest groups
requesting immunization.      At the request of the Department  of
Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine,  students entering upon
Bacteriological studies were immunized against Typhoid Fever -- a
worthwhile preventive procedure.       During war time especially,   the
necessity  for specific protection against communicable disease
gains importance and it is gratifying to note the response to this
The  scope of Health Education has   enlarged this year.
Members of the staff of the Metropolitan Health Committee were
invited to participate in the Health Lectures given to  students
under the Department of Education.      These lectures covered the
entire scope of Public Health Services in schools,  including Medical,
Mental Hygiene,   Dental, Nursing and Communicable Disease Control
measures,  and presented factual information which it is hoped will
be of practical use to the prospective teachers.      In addition,
members of the Provincial Board of Health, Divisions  of Tuberculosis
Control and Venereal Disease Control participated in this  series.
A series of lectures covering Communicable Disease Control
and Mental Hygiene was also given, as formerly,  to students  of the
Social Work class of the Department of Economics, Political Science
and Sociology.
The Public Health Nurse participated in arrangements
governing Air Raid Precautions at the University and  the Health 56.
Service has canvassed tho Faculty and Staff members regarding
participation in First Aid procedures.      A considerable number
of the staff signified their willingness to  serve.
Tho Health Service functions only through co-operative
effort.    Tho professional members of the Metropolitan Health
Committee assisted during the initial examinations and in various
activities at other times during the year.      The  Divisions of  the
Provincial Board of Health,  namely Tuberculosis Control,  Venereal
Disease Control,and Laboratories,   assisted wholeheartedly in the
programme, both in a practical and an advisory capacity.
The Faculty and Staff members of tho various  Departments
of the University have, through their interest  and co-operation,
assisted   in many ways.
Respectfully submitted ,
Director,  University Health Service 57.
..- *. !   J. %Ji *
' v' L\   i  JiiJnl
Military Physical Education.
The army physical training programme for the  session
1941-42 was conducted by student instructors under the supervision
of the University Instructor in Physical Education for Men.    Nine
hundred men taking basic military training were required to take
two periods  per week.      This requirement was met  in eighteen periods
scheduled in the gymnasium.
Although the  lack of a trained staff in Physical Education
was keenly felt,  some of the student  instructors proved to be
exceptionally capable.      A required programme in Physical Education
would,  of course,  make the selecting and training of  student
assistants a much simpler task.
Activity Classes.
Voluntary classes in Physical Education are becoming
increasingly difficult to arrange because of the heavy academic
and military load carried by the students,  the lack of time and space
to schedule such activities,  and the increased administrative duties
of the Instructor in Physical Education.       Some instruction was given
in basketball,  boxing, tumbling and golf.
Intramural Programme.
During the past session the old system of  inter-class
competition was abandoned  and intramural sports were organized on
an inter-club basis.      This programme was put into effect  in January,
1942, and was thoroughly successful.
The short season from January to March included eight sports
in which over three hundred men participated in a total of 184 matches.
These throe hundred men participated a total of 1,498 times in one or
more of the  eight sports.    The average participation per man was five
times during the winter term.
It is anticipated that the total number participating
during the session 1942-43 will exceed six hundred.
Standard of Physical Education.
If the University wishes to  continue the above-mentioned
activities and to raise its  standard in Physical Education to university
level,  it is imperative that a fully qualified assistant in Physical
Education be engaged.     Since over twelve hundred men are  taking part in
some type of Physical Education, it  is hardly conceivable that one man
can efficiently organize and administer a programme in Physical
Education which will effectively serve such a large group.
Respectfully submitted,
Instructor in Physical  Education for Men. 5c
The registration for Physical Education activities for
women in the Session 1941-42 was approximately 500.
Activities which received the greatest support during
the session were the  keep-fit classes and the intramural sports.
This demonstrated clearly two facts:    the need of the women for
physical exercise,  and thoir desire for organized sports.
(a) Classes.
Gymnasium class material included informal talks on
posture with related keep-fit exercises. Tumbling, light apparatus
and group games v/ero also taught in those periods.
Dancing class material consisted of fundamental rhythms
using balls, ropes and single sticks; and folk, national and tap
Classes were conductod in archery, badminton, tenne-
koit, ping-pong, volleyball, and load-up games for the various
A class in Recreational Leadership was given. The
oourse covered the theory of play and play leadership and material
to be used in all types of recreational activity.  There was also
practice teaching of these activities,
(b) Sports.
This year the weather prevented the Women's Archery
Team from competing in the Intercollegiate Archery Tournament,
National Defence Regulations made it impracticable for
the Guest Tournament with West em- Washington College to be held.
(c) Intramurals.
One of the most successful programmes in intramural
sports yet conductod was carried  out this year.      Tournaments were
organized for women's class teams in volleyball, badminton, tenne-
kolt, ping-pong and archery.    light teams competed,  representing
first, second, third and fourth year Arts and Science, Agriculture,
Commerce, Teacher Training Course and Nursing and Health. Tournaments
were played by mixed teams also.
(d) Teacher Training Course.
The Teacher Training Courso students were given instruction
in various activities suitable for the school Physical Education
programme. 59.
The Instructor in Physical Education for Women
assisted in:-
The management of the affairs of the Women*s Athletic
The directing of the intramural programme.
The promotion of interest  in winning athletic awards.
The giving of co-operation and counsel in all activities
of the Women's Athletic Association.
The interviewing of students in regard to personal
health problems.
The giving of suggestions and material to students teaching
recreation and physical education activities.
The discussion of matters concerning professional standards
and opportunities in Physical Education and Recreation.
The need for development and extension of the physical
education programme for women has become acute.     It is hoped that
tho increasing demand for women in war v/ork will stimulate action
to provide some means of extending and developing the programme
for the women.    Such a programme would be a contributing factor
to the health of the women in this period of war strain.    Also,   in
a secondary manner,  it would prove beneficial in that the women
would be provided with a greater opportunity for participating in
an activity which by its continued practice in leisure time would
be conducive to health after graduation.
Respectfully submitted,
Instructor in Physical Education for Women. REPORT OF THE OFFICER COMMANDING
1. General.
This report covers the military activities at the
University during the third year of the war.  As in the preceding year, all physically fit male students were required
to devote six hours per week to military training. In general
the students have shown a greater interest in the training and
a more serious attitude in regard to the war.  This has been
reflected in the increased number of voluntary enlistments for
active service.  The events which followed the attack on
Pearl Harbour on December 7th, 1941 brought British Columbia
into the military operational zone, and this placed greater
responsibilities upon the Corps in the matter of preparedness
and efficiency of training.
During the year 415 members left the Unit to go on
Active Service.  Of these, 43 joined the.Navy, 173 the Army,
and 199 the R.C.A.F.
During the year 462 students were called for training
under the National Resources Mobilization Act. All of these men
received postponements on condition that their training with
the CO.T.C. was satisfactory.
2. Training.
The maximum strength of the Unit during the period,
namely,   1879,  constituted an all-time record.      This figure
includes many graduates and some Summer Session students of
the preceding year.    The actual training strength during the
year varied but was approximately 1500  all ranks.
The men were divided into groups as follows:
Group R-l - First Year Basic Training
Group C-l - First Year CO.T.C. Training
Group R-2 - Second Year Basic Training
Group C-2 - Second Year CO.T.C Training
Group 0-3 - Third Year CO.T.C. Training
The syllabus of training followed was that required
by National Defence Headquarters.
The greater part of the Practical training was given
on Saturday afternoons.    Men who were unable to attend at this
??me did their drill and practical work in the evening under
the flood-lights until November 22nd and thereafter in the
Armoury.      Lectures were arranged in one-hour periods to suit t
the convenience of the students.
Men were prepared for the written examinations
Syllabus A, B,  and C. 3.  Camp.
The annual Camp was held at Vernon from April 29th to
May 12th, 1942.  Arrangements were made by National Defence
Headquarters to grant leave from camp to men who were to be
employed in essential industries. Under this plan leave was
granted to 228 all ranks. In all, 541 men attended the two
weeks' camp training.  The Unit was responsible for the
administration of the camp and the Commanding Officer acted
as Camp Commandant.
4. Staff.
The following full-time staff was attached to the
Unit for the training period:
2 officer instructors
4 N.C.G's assistant instructors
1 Adjutant
1 Quartermaster Sergeant
1 Orderly Room Sergeant
4 Clerks
5. Armoury.
The most outstanding event of the year was the construction of the Armoury.    This building v/as officially opened
by the Lieutenant-Governor on November  22nd,  1941,    Although
the space provided is inadequate to house all stores and training
equipment,  it does make it possible to centralize the activities
of the Unit.      It is now possible to arrange training schedules
so that all evening practical periods can be held indoors.
Although additional funds have been provided for the
construction of a much-needed extension to the building, this
has not as yet  been possible owing to problems of priority on
6. Acknowledgements.
The Commanding Officer wishes to record his thanks and
appreciation for the assistance and co-operation afforded him by
the  Chancellor,  the General Officer Commanding Pacific Command,
the President,  the Board  of Governors, the Committee on Military
Education,  the Faculty Council,  the General Staff Pacific Command,
the  Officer Commanding Vancouver Defences,  the Administrative and
Training Staff,   and finally the officers and cadets of the Unit,
Respectfully submitted,
(G. M. Shrum) M.M. Lt.-Col.,
Officer Commanding,
U.B.C.Contingent, CO.T.C. 62.
Department  of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine
The changing place of the laboratory in public health
Canadian public health journal 33:lo5-97 May 1942.
DOLMAN, C.E., Kerr, D.E. and Helmer, D.E.
A new phage and a susceptible W form of.S typhi isolated
from a typhoid fever case. Canadian public health journal
32:113-9 March 1941.
Staphylococcus enterotoxln. Pacific science congress, 6th
Berkeley, Calif., 1939. Proceedings 5:363-8 1942.
Abstract: E. Kuitunen-Ekbaum. Phenothiazine in the
treatment of enterobiasis. Canadian public health journal
32:308-13 June 1941. Biological abstracts 15:24519
December 1941.
Abstract: L. Greenberg. Single colony isolation of anaerobes.
Canadian public health journal 32:314-6 June 1941. Biological
abstracts 15:24098 December 1941.
Abstract: Laurella McClelland and Ronald Hare. The adsorption
of influenza virus by red cells and a new in vitro method of
measuring antibodies for influenza virus.  Canadian public
health journal 32:530-8 October 1941.
The oral immunization of trout against bacterium salmonicida.
Journal of immunology 44:87-94 May 1942.
Department of Biology and Botany
HUTCHINSON, A.H. and Farley, E.M.
Seed development in medicago (alfalfa) hybrids, I The normal
ovule, Canadian journal of research 19 C:421-37 November
ALLARDYC3, John and Milsom, Douglas
Carotene in food grasses, Canadian journal of research
20 C:85-8 February 1942.
Department of Chemistry
SEYER, W.F. and Leslie, J.D.
The viscosity of cis and trans decahydronaphthalene. American
chemical society. Journal.  64:1912-16 August 1942. 63.
Department  of Classics
TODD,   O.J.
Aristotle's politics,  IV,  xii,11-13:  text and interpretation.
American journal of philology 62:416-25 October  1941.
Caesura rediviva.     Classical philology 37:22-37  January  1942.
Sense and sound in classical poetry.     Classical quarterly
36:29-39 January 1942.
Notes on Horace  (Odes I,  i,l;  Epistles,  I,i,38)   Classical
philology 37:79-81 January 1942.
William Morris's translation of the Odyssey.    Journal of
English and Germanic philology 40:558-61 October 1941.
Department of Commerce
Canadian-American economic relations in the present war.
Pacific coast economic association. Proceedings, 1941.
20:48-52 1942.
Canadian economic development. Toronto, Nelson, 1942.
v, 386 pp.
Review: Richard Finnic  Canada moves north. Pacific
northwest quarterly 23:364-5 July 1942.
Department of Education
The administration of education in Ontario.  (Revision ~by
A.C.Lewis)'Toronto, 1942. 46 pp.  (Toronto. University,
Department of educational research. Educational series no.l)
The small high school. School (Secondary edition) 30:25-30
September 1941.
RUSSELL, D.H, and Holmes, F.M,
An experimental comparison of algebraic reading practice
and the solving of additional verbal problems in tenth grade
algebra. Mathematics teacher 34:347-52 December 1941.
Is your child mentally healthy? Vancouver Sun, Healthy
Children, Special supplement p. 2 February 26, 1942.
RUSSELL, D.H. and Tyler, F.T.
Special education in Canada.  School (Elementary and secondary
editions) 30:882-9 June 1942 64
Department of Education (Continued)
Subject matter disabilities. School (Elementary and
secondary editions) 30:471-5 February 1942.
Voluntary reading and academic achievements in two Canadian
high schools. School review 50:112-20 February 1942.
With books and magazines. Understanding tho child 11
April 1942.
Department of English
Kittredge of Harvard. Dalhousie review 22:81-6 April
Department of Geology and Geography
WILLIAMS, M.Y., Schwartz, CK. and others
Correlation of Silurian formations of North America. Geological
society of America. Bulletin 53:533-8 April 1942,
Notes on the fauna of Bruce peninsula, Manitoulin and adjacent
islands.      Canadian field-naturalist 56:60-2,  70-81,  92-3
April, May,   September 1942.
Oil in north-eastern British Columbia.    Miner 15:30-1
August 1942.
Oil possibilities,  north eastern British Columbia.    Minor
14j25-7 December 1941.
Progress - planned or improvised.    Royal society of Canada
Transactions ser 3,  35, sec.  4:151-65 1941.
Relief features of southern British Columbia.   (In Freeman,O.W.
and Martin, H.H,,   ods.    The Pacifio northwest.    Now York,Wiley,
1942,  pp.   97-1031
WARR3N, H.V.   and Runkle,  J.D.
A minoralogical study of the gold in some Bralorne mill
products.    Miner 15:30-4 February 1942.
WARREN, H.V.  and Ney,   Charles
The sizo and minoralogical distribution of gold particles- in
a flotation tailing sample, Britannia, B.C.      Minor 14:50-4
October 1941.
Y7ARREN,  H.V.  and Matthews, W.H.
Some notes on a gold-tungsten occurrence in the Bridge River
district.      Miner 15:31-4 May 1942.
WARREN, H.V.  and Lips, Alair
Some notes on mineralogy and the search for Slocan ore
Minor 14:28-30 December 1941. Department of Geology and Geography (Continued)
Articles and annual reviews:  Vancouver Daily Province
and Financial news.
Department of History
SAGE,  W.N. ,
Review:    C.M.Gates, ed.    Readings in Pacific northwest
history:    Washington 1790-1895.    British Columbia historical
quarterly 6:153-4 April 1942.
Review:    Jules LeChevallier,   O.M.I.    Batoche:  les missionaires
du nord-ouest pendant  les troubles de 1885.     Canadian
historical review 23-87-8 March 1942,
Review:    The relations of Canada and the United States.  British
Columbia historical quarterly 6:216-25 July 1942.
Canadian foreign policy 1919-1939.    League of nations society
in Canada.      News sheet January 1942 p.   8-9*
The fourth climacteric of the second world war.    British- Columbia.
University.    Alumni association.    Graduate  chronicle 4:2-3
May 1942.
Our modern world,  1775-1941.     Ottawa,  Canadian legion war
services,inc.   (cl941)     (Courses for service men.  Social
studies C.    Text-booklets 1-4)
Sir Robert Borden and Canada's external policy,  1911-1920.
Canadian historical association.    Annual report 1941:65-82 1941.
Winston Churchill,  freedom's champion.    Toronto,  Oxford
university press,   1941.     20 pp.
Review:    Virginia Hancock.    The purchase of Alaska;  contemporary
opinion.    British Columbia historical quarterly 6:73 Januajy
Reviews:  Other reviews in the Vancouver Daily Province
Assisted in editing section on Canada for the 1942 edition of
the annual publication Political handbook of the world.
Department  of Mathematics
BUCHANAN,   Daniel
Second genus crossed orbits.     Canadian journal of research
20 A:11-24 February 1942.
Trojan satellites   (limiting case). Royal society of Canada.
Transactions ser 3,  35,   sec.  3:9-25 1941.
Central chains of ideals in an associative ring. Duke
mathematical journal 9:541-55 June 1942. Department of Modern Languages
The Turk and the French mind. University of Toronto
quarterly 11:225-31 January 1942.
HILTON, Ronald, ed.
Handbook of Hispanic source materials and research
organizations in the United States. Toronto, University of
Toronto press, 1942. xiv, 441 pp.
Department of Philosophy and Psychology
TYLER, F.T. and Russell, D.H.
Special education in Canada. School (Elementary and
secondary editions) 30:882-9 June 1942.
Department of Physios
A note on exchange tensor forces in heavy nuclei. Physical
review 62:134-6 August 1942.
Tensor forces and heavy nuclei. Physical review 62:126-33
August 1942.
Department of Zoology
Conservation report for British Columbia.     Canadian
conservation association.    Transactions 1:27-39 1941.
Contributions to the life-history of the sockeye salmon.
Paper 27.    British Columbia.    Department of provincial
fisheries.    Report 1941:27-44 1942.
COWAN,  I.  McT.
Fossil and subfossil mammals from the quaternary of
British Columbia,    Royal society of Canada. Transactions
ser 3,  35,  sec  4:39-49 1941.
Termite-eating birds in British Columbia.    Auk 59:451
July 1942.
Insects and other arthropods in buildings in British Columbia.
Entomological society of British Columbia, Proceedings
39:23-9 October 10, 1942,
A note on laelius sp., a parasite of the carpet beetle
anthrenus scrophulariae (L.) (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae)
Entomological society of British Columbia. Proceedings
39:21-2 October 10, 1942.
A preliminary list of the neuroptera of British Columbia.
Entomological society of British Columbia. Proceedings
38:23-8 February 7, 1942. 67.
Department of Zoology (Continued)
SPENCER, G.J. (Continued)
Two unusual larval habitats of tabanids (Diptera)
Entomological society of British Columbia. Proceedings
38:10-12 February 7, 1942.
^^X,,^,.^-^-^^, i -w    ,r"f ~    •*.".'A.ii..j*-1 A?i   l£^,f~±. ztl:j,%J '• \^.^z^jtlj^l.
Research and tho mining industry. Miner 14:39-43
October 1941.
GILLIES, G.A., Lyle, A.G. and Runkle, J.D.
A graphical method for evaluating selective flotation tests
Mining technology 6, 1409:1-12 January 1942 (Technical
publication no. 1409)
Department of Nursing and Health
KERR,  M.3.
Public health nurses in Canada.     Canadian nurse 38:42-3
January 1942.
Operational methods of dealing v/ith circuits excited by
sinusoidal impulses. Canadian journal of research
20 A:35-8 April 1942.
THOMSON, D.W., Kratz, A.P. and Konzo, S.
Combustion efficiencies as related to performances of
domestic heating plants.  Illinois. University.
Engineering experiment station. Circular 44:1-30 1942,
CL2MSNT, F.M. and Forshaw, R.P.
A factual survey of the Fraser valley dairy industry and
the greater Vancouver fluid milk market, Vancouver, B.C.
1942. 71p. (Mimeographed for associations and official
bodies) 68.
Department of Animal Husbandry
Livestock and dairy farming.       Ottawa,  Canadian legion war
services,  inc.,   (cl942)     (Courses for service men.  Vocational
agriculture.    Text-booklets 1,3)
Mating systems used in some leading British Columbia dairy
herds.    American dairy science association.    Western division,
Portland,  Oregon.    Proceedings 27:35-45 October 5,  1941.
Department  of Poultry Husbandry
BIELY, Jacob, Fisher, Herbert and Inkster,  Cameron.
Ineffectiveness of cow urine in the control of eimoria
tenella infection in chickens.      American journal of
veterinary research 3:221-24 April 1942,
BIELY,  Jacob
Poultry keeping,    Victoria, B.C.,  Department of education.
(1941)     (Vocational correspondence courses)   (Mimeographed)
BIELY,  Jacob, Billings,  F.L.,  Fisher,  Herbert and Hedreen,Carl.
The riboflavin content of fish products.    Journal of
nutrition 22:425-30 October 1941.


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