Open Collections

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ended August 31st,… 1940

Item Metadata


JSON: presrep-1.0115227.json
JSON-LD: presrep-1.0115227-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): presrep-1.0115227-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: presrep-1.0115227-rdf.json
Turtle: presrep-1.0115227-turtle.txt
N-Triples: presrep-1.0115227-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: presrep-1.0115227-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

AUGUST ?lst, 19??<
Report of the President:
Introduction »  1
Teaching Staff  1
New Appointments  1
Promotions  2
Resignation  2
Changes in Personnel of University Health Service  3
Leaves of Absence  3
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence  3
Re-appointment Following Attainment of Retiring Age  3
Obituary  4
Honorary Degree ,  4
Re-election of Dr.  Robert E. McKechnie as Chancellor • 4
Appointment of Members of Senate by the Lieutenant-
Governor-in-Council  4
Celebration of Dr.  Leonard S. Klinck's Twentieth
Anniversary as President  4
Visit of Their Majesties to British Columbia  5
Constitution of a Department of Commerce  5
Completion of the Report on the Geology of Hong Kong  5
Grant for Medical Research.  5
Increase in Fees for Graduate Students  5
Annuities for Clerical and Mechanical Staffs...  6
Utilization of the Carnegie Corporation Music Set  6
Endowment of the Geldart Riadore Bursary Fund  6
Statement  Respecting the Acknowledgment  of Gifts  6
Intercollegiate Livestock Judging Contest  7 CONTENTS (Continued) PAGE
Transfer of the Wireless Station to the
Military Reserve ,. 7
Plans for the Erection of the Brock Memorial
Building  7 "
Co-operative Projects with the Dominion and the
Provincial Departments of Agriculture  8
Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen 8
Projects under the Special Grant for Research  9
Report of the President on the Enlargement and
Improvement  of the Summer Session  9
Waiving of Regulations Governing Limitation of
Attendance  10
Report of the Registrar:
Registration  12
Nationalities of Students  13
Geographical Distribution of Students  13
Occupations of Parents. ,  13
Location of Graduates  13
Comparative  Statement  of Attendance Sessions
1931-32 to  1938-39  14
Comparative Statement  of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1931-32 to 1938-39  14
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions 1931-32 to 1938-39  15
Scholarships, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded
to Graduates  16
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science.. 18
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science... 27
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture  28
Report of the Dean of Women  30
Report of the Director of the Summer Session  32 CONTENTS (Continued
Report of the Director of University Extension    34
Report of the Director of the University Health
Service    42
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education
for Men    45
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education
for Women    46
Report of the Officer Commanding Canadian Officers'
Training Corps. University of British Columbia
Contingent    48
Publications	 1.
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
I have the honour to submit the following report on
the work of the University for the academic year ended August 31st,
Teaching Staff:
The numbers in the teaching staff for the academic year
1938-39, were as follows: >
Deans of Faculties  3
Professors  38
Associate Professors  20
Assistant Professors  24
Lecturers  13
Instructors  19
Honorary Lecturers  10
Part-time Lecturers  33
Assistants  65
TOTAL... 2T5
New Appointments:
Ellis H. Morrow, B.A.(Queen's), M.B.A.(Harvard), Professor and
Head of the Department of Commerce.
Maxwell A. Cameron, M.A. (Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Toronto), Associate
Professor and Acting-Head of the Department of Education.
Henry Cecil Gunning, B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col.), M.S., Ph.D.(Mass,Inst.
of Technology), F.R.S.C, Professor of Geology.
Frederick Thomas Tyler, B.Sc, M.A,, B.Ed.(Alberta), Ph.D.(Calif.),
Assistant Professor of Education and Psychology.
Ronald Hilton, M.A.(Oxon.), Assistant Professor in the Department
of Modern Languages.
Charles Ernest Borden, M.A., Ph.D.(Calif.), Assistant Professor in
the Department of Modern Languages.
Lawrence E. Ranta, M0D., D.P.H. (Toronto), Assistant Professor in the
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine. 2.
%r  Joseph A. Crumb, B.B.A. (Wash.) , M.S., Ph.D. (Calif.), Lecturer in
the Department of Economics, Political Science, Commerce and
fl Archibald W. Currie, B.A., B.Com.(Queen's), M.B,A., Dr.Com.Sc.
(Harvard), Lecturer in the Department of Economics, Political
Science, Commerce and Sociology.
f<* John H. Creighton, M.A. (Toronto) , Lecturer in the Department of
»' Harold D. Smith, M.A. (Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Toronto), Lecturer in the
Department of Physics.
> Kenneth C. Mann, B.A.(Sask.), Ph.D.(Toronto), Lecturer in the
Department of Physics.
I"> J. F. Muir, B.Sc. (Manitoba), Lecturer in the Department of Civil
j. Walter V. MacDonald, B.A.Sc. (Brit.Col.), Instructor in the Department of Civil Engineering.
:■> Charles Bruce Wood, B.A. (Toronto), A.M. (Columbia), Assistant
Registrar, formerly Lecturer in the Department of Education.
Gordon M. Shrum, M.A., Ph.D.(Toronto), F.R.S.C., from Associate "
Professor to Professor and Head of the Department of Physics.
William F. Seyer, B.A., M.Sc.(Alberta), Ph.D.(McGill), from
Associate Professor to Professor of Chemistry.
Albert C. Cooke, B.A. (Manitoba), M.A. (Oxon.), from Assistant
Professor to Associate Professor of History.
J. F. Muir, B.Sc.(Manitoba), from Lecturer to Associate Professor
of Civil Engineering.
Archibald W. Currie, B.A., B.Com,(Queen's), M.B.A., Dr.Com.Sc,
(Harvard), from Lecturer to Associate Professor in the Department of Commerce.
Harold D, Smith, M.A.(Brit.Col,), Ph.D.(Toronto), from Lecturer
to Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics.
Kenneth C, Mann, B.A.(Sask.), Ph.D.(Toronto), from Lecturer to
Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics.
Dr. Wessie Tipping, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Modern Languages. 3.
Changes in Personnel in the University Health Service:
On September 26th, 1938, Dr. Stewart Murray, M.D.,
D.P.H, (Toronto) , Senior Medical Health Officer of the Metropolitan
Health Committee, was appointed University Health Officer.
Upon the resignation of Dr. Kenneth F. Brandon, Dr. John
S, Xitching, B.A,, M.D,, D.P.H. (Toronto) , Assistant- Senior Medical
Health Officer of the Metropolitan Health Committee, succeeded Br.
Brandon as Director of the university Health Service.
Leaves of Absence:
Henry F. Angus, Professor and Head of the Department of Economics, /
Political Science, Commerce and Sociology,- to continue as a
member of the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations,
Ira Dilworth, Professor of English, for one year as from September
25th, 1938.
Alexander Hrennikoff, Instructor in the Department of Civil Engineering, for the Session 1938-39.
Leonard Richardson, Professor of Mathematics,
granted leave for the fall term on account of illness.
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence:
W, Ivor Jennings, M.A., LL.B,(Cantab.), LL.D.(London), Lecturer
in English Law at the University of London and in the London
School of Economics,- Special Lecturer in the Department of
Economics, Political Science, Commerce and Sociology.
Mrs. Jean Fisher Sargent, M.A.(Brit.Col.), Ph.D.(Toronto), Lecturer
in the Department of Mathematics during the absence of Professor
L. Richardson.
Re-appointment Following Attainment of Retiring Age:
After reaching the retiral age in 1936, Mr. John
Ridington, Librarian, was re-appointed each succeeding year thereafter for three years.  In 1939 he was again re-appointed for a
further period of one year to August 31st, 1940. 4.
Mrs. Leonard S. Klinck:
On May 19th,  1939,  following a long illness, Mrs. Klinck
passed away.    The many kindnesses which were shown to my son and
myself at that time by members of the University, and the messages of
sympathy which their letters of condolence conveyed, will never be
forgotten by either of us.    And because our appreciation of what was
done and said then is so deep and abiding,  I cannot but record the
fact that we shall always remember with gratitude the  tributes of
respect and affection which were paid to Mrs. Klinck's memory,  more
particularly those which referred to the influence of her life on the
life of the University.
Honorary Degree:
His Excellency the Right Honourable Lord Tweedsmuir,
Governor-General of Canada,  graciously accepted the degree of LL.D
(Honoris Causa)  at a Special Congregation on March 17th,  1939.
Re-election of Dr,  Robert E,  McKechnie  as Chancellor;
In the Senate Elections held in 1939, Dr. Robert E. \
FMoKechnie was re-elected Chancellor by acclamation.    This  is the
eighth time that Dr. McKechnie has been elected to the  Chancellorship,
the  last seven elections being by acclamation.
Appointment of Members of Senate by the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council:
By Order-in-Council the following persons were appointed
members of Senate for a period of three years from June  9th,  1939*
Mr, J. Newton Harvey
Mr. H. N. MacCorkindale
Mrs.   J. W.  de B, Farris.
Celebration of Dr.  Leonard S. Klinck's twentieth Anniversary as
June 1st, 1939, marked the twentieth anniversary of Dr.
Klinck's appointment as President of the University of British
Columbia.    To him, this occasion was made memorable by two gracious
incidents: The Board of Governors spread upon their records a
resolution of appreciation for the services rendered,  and Convocation
presented an address and gift on behalf of the governing bodies, the
alumni and students of the University. 5.
Visit of Their Majesties to British Columbia:
Their Majesties the King and Queen visited Vancouver on
May 29th, 1939. In connection with plans for their reception, a
civic committee was appointed on which the University had two
representatives. In the course of their tour around the city, Their
Majesties drove through the University grounds which were appropriate-
ly decorated for the occasion.
Constitution of a Department of Commerce:
Out of the existing Department of Economics, Political
Science, Commerce and Sociology, a separate Department of Commerce
was constituted by the Senate and the Board of Governors. Following
the establishment of this department, the name of the former department was changed to "Department of Economics, Political Science and
Completion of the Report on the Geology of Hong Kong:
The Report on the Geology of Hong Kong, which had been
undertaken by the late Dean R. W, Brock in collaboration with Dr.
S. J. Schofield, Dr. M. Y. Williams, the late Dr. W. L. Uglow and
Dr. T. C. Phemister, was completed during this period and dispatched
to the Colonial Government of Hong Kong.
:^rant tor uecical i-cesearch:
Following the visit of Sir Frederick Banting to the
University to investigate the facilities for Medical Research, a
grant of $1,250.00 was made by the Associate Committee on Meaical
Research of the National Research Council of Canada to Dr, C. E,
Dolman, to assist in furthering certain of his investigations into
problems in preventive medicine.
Increase in Fees for Graduate Students:
Under the resolutions of the Board of Governors which
provided for a general increase in undergraduate fees, effective in
the academic year 1938-39, no increase was made in the fees of
graduate students. During the period under review, graduate fees
were increased from $75.00 to $125.00. The new schedule became
effective at the opening of the 1939-40 session. 6.
Annuities for Clerical and Mechanical Staffs:
Under the agreement which the University entered into
with the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America in
1924, provision was made for annuities for members of the Faculty
and administrative officers. No provision, however, was made in
this plan for members of the mechanical and clerical staffs.
In June, 1939? the Board of Governors approved and made
operative a superannuation scheme for all employees who were not
eligible under the terms of the agreement with the Teachers
Insurance and Annuity Association. For this group the Dominion
Government Annuity plan was adopted.
Utilization of the Carnegie Corporation Music Set:
In order to ensure the maximum care of this set, and to
prolong the life of the records without restricting their legitimate
use, a Committee was appointed to draft rules and regulations for
the administration of the set. Experience has shown that these
regulations have been practical and effective and have not interfered with the use of the set.
The report submitted by the Committee shows that the
records have been used very extensively during the past year. In
concluding its report the Committee says:
"The Carnegie Music Set has made it possible for this
University to offer the best in music, not only to its
undergraduates, but also to a great number of adults and
thus to take some part in developing the artistic tastes
of those seeking a more mature philosophy of living".
Endowment of the Geldart Riadore Bursary Fund:
The offer of a graduate in Agriculture in the University
of British Columbia to donate, anonymously, the sum of $5,000.00
to his Alma Mater for the purpose of endowing a Bursary Fund in
the Faculty of Agriculture to be known as the Geldart Riadore
Bursary, was approved by the Senate and accepted by the Board of
Statement Respecting the Acknowledgment of Gifts:
Gifts to departments are acknowledged by the Head of the
Department receiving the donation. In the case of the more important
gifts, whether to a Department or to the University as a whole, a
letter of thanks is sent to the donor by the Honorary Secretary of
the Board of Governors or by the President.  TA&ien scholarships or
prizes are made available by private individuals or by organizations, 7.
announcement of these is made in the Calendar. The list of gifts
received during the year is much too lengthy to include in this
report, so lengthy, in fact, that it may be advisable in the near
future to issue a separate publication listing the gifts received,
together with the names of the donors.
Intercollegiate Live Stock Judging Contest:
At the Pacific International Live Stock Exposition vdiich
was held in Portland, Oregon, in October, the judging team entered
in the competition by the University of British Columbia was successful in winning the Intercollegiate Judging Contest in Dairy Cattle.
The challenge cup awarded to the winning team now becomes the property
of the University, having been won five times during the last twenty
Transfer of the Wireless Station to the Military Reserve;
In the spring of 1939, the District Officer Commanding
Military District Number 11 appeared before the Board of Governors in
reference to the matter of the site for a gun emplacement at the tip
of Point Grey. As the site first suggested by the Department of
National Defence would destroy the forest belt, and be less suitable
for the purposes the Department had in view, the Officer Commanding
proposed that the battery be situated on the property occupied by the
Wireless Station, and that the Station be transferred to a part of
the ten acres set aside on the campus as a Military Reserve. The
Board of Governors signified its willingness to concur in the proposed
exchange of sites, provided that the two Dominion Departments most
directly concerned were agreeable to the transfer; and, further, that
any buildings which might be erected upon the Military Reserve on the
campus would be in architectural conformity with the University
Plans for the Erection of the Brock Memorial Building:
During the year under review, plans for the erection of the
Brock Memorial Building, which had been formulated in 1935 in connection
with the programme for the celebration of the 21st Anniversary of the
opening of the University the following year, were revised and,
largely through the initiative of the students, a renewed and success-
fall effort was made to finance the construction of the building.
The Board of Governors, with the consent of the Lieutenant-
Govern or-in-Council, granted a sum of $2500.00 per annum for a period
of ten years to facilitate the erection of the building, and voted a
sum of $4000,00 for the installation of service connections. 8.
The building,  it was decided,  was to be of Class "B"
construction,  and was to be erected on the site designated in the
architects' plans for a students' union building.
Co-operative Projects with the Dominion and the Provincial Departments of Agriculture:
During this period the Dominion Department of Agriculture
made a substantial grant to enable the Department of Agronomy in
the University to continue its fundamental researches with alfalfa.
At the Dominion Experimental Farm at Agassiz,  co-operative experiments
with barleys and pastures were conducted; at another point, these
two organizations carried on joint investigations with potatoes. The
Dominion Department of Agriculture also made a grant to the Department
of Horticulture in the University for the establishment of vegetable
seed testing trials.    For these projects the Dominion Department of
Agriculture made available the sum of $1,450.00.
The Provincial Department of Agriculture and the Department
of Agronomy in the University entered into a co-operative agreement
for the production and distribution of elite stock seed of certain
field crops for use by the farmers of the province.    The results of
the  first year's work have demonstrated the wisdom of the plan, and
arrangements have been completed for extending the scope of the
operations next year.
A generous grant of $500,00 by the Safeway Stores Limited,
has assured the continuance of the vegetable seed testing trials for
Educational Programme for British Columbia Fishermen:
An introductory short course for the fishermen on this
Coast was held during the third week in January.    Rev,  J.D.Nelson
MacDonald of the staff of St. Francis Xavier University was the
principal leoturer.    He was assisted by members of the  staff of the
University of British Columbia and by others interested in the
problems of the British Columbia fishermen.    The  attendance and
interest far exceeded the expectations of the Director of the Department of University Extension under whose direction the course was
organized and conducted.    The co-operation of the Dominion and Provincial Departments most directly interested was whole-hearted,  and
/the response on the part of the fishermen and of the fishermens'
I co-operative associations was equally enthusiastic.    A generous grant
of $5,000.00 from the Dominion Department of Fisheries ensures the
continuance and expansion of the Department of Extension's educational
programme with fishermen for the coming year. 9.
Projects Under the Special Grant for Research:
At a meeting of the President and the Deans the following
research projects were unanimously agreed upon for the fiscal year
1939-40. The grants for these investigations were not made, as a
rule, to individual departments nor yet to single faculties but were
voted for projects which, in a number of instances, involved work in
two or more faculties:
New Flotation Reagents Research; Gold Research; Undulant
Fever; Genetics of Economic Plants; Effect of Radiation on
Animal Growth and Behavior; Effect of Unbalancing the Diet;
Thymus Gland and its Functions; Coccidiosis; Glucurosidase;
Preservation of Fishing Nets; An Investigation of the
Preparation of Superactive Charcoal and a further study of
its Properties; The Reduction of Ores by Natural and Coal
Gases; The Elimination of Arsenic from Gold-Bearing Ores;
The Use of Rare Earth Oxides as Catalysts; Separation of
Columbium and Tantalum; Flotation; The Solvent Extraction
of British Columbia Coal and Shale; Spectroscopic Analysis;
Causes of Raspberry Failure Research; British Columbia Fish
Oils Research; Activators for Enzymes Research; Fowl Paralysis
Research and Surface Taint Butter.
Report of the President on the Enlargement and Improvement of
the Summer Session:
Pursuant to a resolution of the Board of Governors,
the President prepared a report, with recommendations, on the
enlargement and improvement of the Summer Session, In this report
an attempt was made to indicate clearly the present status of the
Summer Session and to outline in some detail the policy for the
The more important of the recommendations, as adopted,
are as follows:
That the minimum registration in any given course be
left to the discretion of the Director of the Summer
Session in consultation with the President.
That appointments to the teaching staff be made to Departments as a whole and not to named courses.
That the policy of bringing in lecturers of distinction
from other Universities be continued.
That the number of distinguished lecturers brought in from
other universities be such as to reduce to a minimum the
necessity for waiving the twice-in-four-year rule. 10.
That the number of courses of instruction, undergraduate
and graduate, be increased as the demand warrants and as
funds permit.
That the University make provision for as balanced courses
in the Summer Session as are provided in the Winter Session.
That the policy of giving such courses as Music Appreciation,
Art Appreciation, Library Work, Physioal Education and
Guidance, and for which credit is given by the Department of
Education towards the Academic Certificate, be continued.
That refresher courses covering certain subjects required
for Senior Matriculation be given, but without credit.
a three-year curriculum be drawn up
a three-year time-table be drawn up.
That courses be staggered in such a way as to remove all
inducement to choose courses on any ground other than that
of academic considerations.
That the present schedule of remuneration for outside
lecturers and payment for their travelling expenses be
I continued.
I That the budget for the Summer Session be prepared on the
same basis as the budget for a Faculty or for a Department.
I That the Director of the Summer Session and the Director of
I the Department of University Extension confer respecting all
* non-University credit courses offered at the University in
I the summer.
That the Board of Governors rescind the regulation which
requires that the Summer Session be self-sustaining.
Waiving of Regulations Governing Limitation of Attendance:
In view of the fact that the limits of effective
accommodation had long since been far exceeded; that there was
no immediate prospect of obtaining greater accommodation; that the
enrolment was increasing rapidly; that there was no increase in
the legislative grant for 1938-39, and that there had been an
appreciable lowering of the academic standards in many departments
during the past few years, the Board of Governors, as stated in the
Report of the President for the academic year ended August 31st,
1938, passed the following regulation which was published in the
Calendar for 1938-39: 11.
"Resolved, That, beginning with the session 1938-39,
the number of First Year students in the Faculty of
Arts and Science and the Faculty of Agriculture be
limited to 450; in the Second Year of the Course in
Applied Science to 120; in the Second Year of the
Course in Nursing and Health to 20; and in the Teacher
Training Course to 60",
In September, 1938, the Government requested the Board
of Governors not to give effect to this regulation for the current
session; and the Board, relying "upon the Government to provide the
additional accommodation which will be necessary as the result of
the action requested", resolved that limitation of enrolment be not
enforced for the academic year 1938-39.
As a result of this action, the general situation in
regard to accommodation was worse this year in many respects than
ever before. To the greater congestion in the upper years was
added the further fact that the registration in First Year Agriculture
was thirty per cent, higher than it was in the preceding year. The
Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture reported that, as a result of the
increased enrolment, "efficient laboratory instruction is impossible
and consequently lecture-demonstrations will have to be the rule in
the class this year".
The difficulties in the situation were met by the Board of
Governors, in a measure, by special grants for equipment, supplies
and temporary alterations in buildings. The number of student
assistants, although already much too great, relatively, was considerably increased; and, by beginning lectures at 8:30 o'clock
instead of 9:00, and by reducing the noon period by one-half hour,
the time table committee was enabled to provide an extra lecture
period per day.
The difficulties which arise from lack of accommodation,
as has been stated frequently, cannot be solved by minor adjustments:
they are much too fundamental for such easy solution. They can be
resolved only by limitation of registration or by greatly increased
lecture room and laboratory space involving heavy capital expenditure.
Respectfully submitted,
Vancouver, B.C.,
Faculty of Arts and Science
First Year ,
Second Year ,
Third Year ,
Fourth Year ,
Graduates ,
Social Service ,
Teacher Training Course ,
Directed Reading Courses....,
Extra-Sessional Classes ,
Double Registrations ,
Faculty of Applied Science
Second Year. ,
Third Year	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Graduates ,
Faculty of Applied Science (Nursing)
Second Year	
Third Year	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Sixth Year	
Public Health Nursing	
Faculty of Agriculture
First Year	
Second Year	
Third Year	
Fourth Year.	
Occupational Course	
Women     Men      Total
-56    1859
75      494
6     123
2476 •
Women  Men  Total
Evening Class in Botany	
Summer Se ssion (1939) •
(Faculty of Arts and Science)
694 13.
Nationalities of students (exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course, Extra-Sessional Classes,
Directed Reading Courses and Public Health
Nursing Course) :
British 1969; American 44; Japanese 52; Chinese 20; Jewish 21;
Swedish 14; Italian 10; French 4; Norwegian 7; Russian 10;
Greek 7; others 71. -        TOTAL  -   2229
Geographical Distribution of Students:
From Vancouver and vicinity  1434
From Victoria  115
From New Westminster ,  124
From other Provincial points  700
From other Provinces  80
From other countries  23
TOTAL       2476
Occupations of Parents (exclusive of those taking the Teacher
Training Course, Extra-Sessional Classes,
Directed Reading Courses and Public Health
Nursing Course):
The following occupations were most largely represented:-
Accountant 47; Agent 38; Banker 24; Barrister 16; Broker 38;
Business Man 19; Carpenter 26; Civil Service 20; Clergy 38; Clerk 40;
Contractor 38; Dealer 18; Dentist 16: Doctor 72: Engineer 123;
Farmer 83; Inspector 20; Insurance 26; Lawyer 3o; Lumberman 25;
Manager 39; Merchant 105; Miner 15; Professor 15; R,R.Employee 49;
Salesman 53; Teacher 54; Wholesaler 18.
Location of Graduates:
Number in,-
Vancouver  2318
Other parts of British Columbia  1338
Other parts of Canada  321
British Isles  47
Other parts of British Empire  6
United States of America  242
Other countries  71
Number deceased.   92
Number whose address is unknown  519
TOTAL      4954 Session
Arts and
Comparative Statement of Attendance
 Sessions 1931-52 to 193B-39
Teacher     Total
Agri- Training   Winter
Nursing      culture      Course        Session
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1931-32 to 1938-39
B.Com.      M.A.Se.      B.A.Sc.       Nursing      M.S.A.       B.S.A.
5581 Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions 1951-32 to 193o-59
Public                            Occupational
Teacher       Health       Social        Course in
Year     Training     Nursing      Service     Agriculture TOTALS
Vn Scholarships, Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
During the year many scholarships, fellowships and bursaries have been won by
graduates of the University. The followinglist does not include awards which
have been made in The University of British Columbia.
Barss, Walter M.
Beattie,Roderick N.
Burnett,Daniel A.
Christie, Robert F.
Clayton, Henry H.
Cook, Francis
Danielson, Gordon C.
Davenport, Charles H.
Davies, George F.
Davis, Jack
Eastham, Arthur
English, William N.
Fisher, John H.
Ford, Sherwood D.
Ford, William L.
Godard, Hugh
Guthrie, Andrew
Henderson, Mary
Physic s
Teaching Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship $500
First Student Prize $200
(Timber Bridge Design Contest of the American
Forest Products Industries, National Lumber
Manufacturers* Assoc. & Timber Engineering
Co. of Washington, D.C.)
Teaching Fellowship f65°
Teaching Fellowship f^00
Teaching Fellowship f 600
Teaching Fellowship |800
Fellowship $1,100
Standard Oil Scholarship §850
Rhodes Scholarship(3 yrs. at £400 a
Teaching Fellowship $600
yr) Chemistry
Teaching Fellowship §650
National Research Council    §750
Student Prize $ 10
(Timber Bridge Design Contest of the American
Forest Products Industries, National Lumber
Manufacturers' Assoc. & Timber Engineering
Co. of Washington, D.C.)
Scholarship |600   Chemistry
Scholarship 0600   Chemistry
Teaching Fellowship $800
Florence Nightingale Memorial 1,250
Rockefeller Foundation
Physic s
Public Health
Mir sing
Public Health
Where Tenable	
Purdue University
Univ. of Toronto
(Open to students of all
Universities in United
States and Canada)
Univ. of California
Purdue University
Univ. of Toronto
Purdue University
Mass.Inst,of Technology
Univ. of Oregon
Oxford University
Cellulose Research
Univ. of California
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
(Open to students of all
Universities in United
States and Canada)
Northwestern Univ.
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Purdue University
Normally tenable at Bel-
ford College,Univ.of
London. Owing to present
emergency, made tenable
at the Univ.of Toronto
School of Nursing.
Univ.of Toronto,with provision for subsequent
travel to other oentres
(for,special postgraduate
o< Name  	
King,Robert ti.
Love11, Edwin
McKenzie,Kenneth R.
McMahon, Howard 0.
Macaulay,Archibald M.
Perkins, Maurice F.
Robert son,Struan
Shipton, Bernard
Smith, Ronald N,
Thomson,James W.
Volkoff,George M.
Volpe, Paul A.
Wat son,Kenneth DeP.
West,Kenneth A.
White, William H.
Wilson, Beverly
Wright,Francos M.
Teaching Fellowship
National Research Council$750
Research Fellowship     $800
Fellowship $1,200
Graduate Scholarship    $200
Value  Subject	
"pUO   Chemistry of
Animal Nutrition
$650   Physics
Where Tenable
History &
Int ernat i onal Relat ions
Macdonald College.
Univ. of California
Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Univ. of California
Mass.Inst, of Technology
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Royal Society of Canada$l,500
Graduate Scholarship
Research Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Physic s
Clark University
Iowa State College
Univ. of California
Univ. of California
Northwestern University
Purdue University
Columbia University
University of California
Assistantship $250
Kellogg Foundation $1,500
Scholarship $600
Economics    Univ. of Washington
Geology     Princeton University
Chemistry    Cellulose Research
Laboratories, McGill
Geology     Univ. of Toronto
Public Health Kellogg Foundation,
Nursing     Michigan
Chemistry    Stanford University
NOTE; In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free
tuition or exemption from fees in addition to their monetary value.
Value of scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries won by our graduates
in other Universities and in Institutes in 1939 ,
Total value of scholarships,  fellowships,  and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes since the first
awards were made in 1917	
Respectfully submitted,
Registrar. 18
While no increased accommodation had been provided, there
was considerable relief in classroom and laboratory congestion by
altering the time table so as to begin lectures at 8:30 a.m. The
noon period was cut from one and a half hours to one hour. These
changes permit one extra lecture period during the mornings. The
earlier time for starting undoubtedly works some hardship on students
who live at home and who have a considerable distance to go to reach
the University, but the same difficulties exist in several other
universities and are perhaps even more acute when lectures begin at
8 a.m. The change provides the necessary additional class rooms for
lectures but there is still some difficulty with certain of the
laboratory work. Also there is insufficient office space in the Arts
Accreditation and Curriculum Revision.
Much time has been consumed in deliberation and debate upon
the question of the Accreditation of the High Schools and the revision
of the High School curriculum. A scheme for accrediting was finally
worked out and after much discussion was first put into effect for a
year and after some slight modification was adopted on a year by year
The chief changes in the curriculum were in the sciences
where an effort was made to lay a broader foundation in General
Science with later specialization in the particular sciences. Special
science courses were drawn up which follow the course in General
Science and which provide extra training for those who wish to major
in the sciences or take Applied Science at the University. These
special science courses are available for Senior Matriculation for
the non-science students but must be taken on University Entrance by
the science students. More advanced special science courses are -
being drafted for those wishing to enter Second Year sciences at the
University. It is expected that they will be available for the
school year 1940-41. The committees in charge of these courses consist
of High School teachers and of certain representatives from the
science departments at the University. They have given a good deal
of time and care to their work.
New Introductory Science courses (Chemistry A and Physics A
were drawn up for students entering the University with only General
It is anticipated that the above changes in and integration
of the science courses in the High School and University will provide
a wider scientific knowledge for all the students and a better training
for prospective science students. 19.
Certain revision has also been made in the languages
but the coordination here does not as yet seem to be as complete
as in the sciences.
Extra-Sessional Classes.
Below are listed the Extra-Sessional Classes together
with the instructors and the registration.
Class Instructor Registration
History 2 Dr. W. N.  Sage 39
Government 3 Dr.  W.Ivor Jennings 30
Those in attendance were teachers in the vicinity of Greater
Vancouver. Among them were several graduates who were taking work for
the M.A. degree. There is always a high standard of achievement in
these classes.
Directed Reading Courses.
Class Instructor Registration
English 2        Professor T. Larsen       62
Philosophy 7     Professor C.B.Wood        95
The registration in these classes is pretty well distributed over the Province. Outside of Greater Vancouver, some of
the places where students carried on this work were:
Campbell River, Carcross - Yukon, Chemainus, Chilliwack,
Duncan, Fruitvale, Great Central Lake, Hope, Invermere,
Mount Lehman, Nanaimo, Nelson, New Denver, New Westminster,
Ocean Falls, Port Alice, Penticton, Kelowna, Vernon, Union
Bay, Sointula, Victoria, Toronto, London - England.
This type of work was begun under Professor A. C. Cooke
and the high standard of achievement then reached is being maintained.
There is difficulty each year in determining what classes
should be given as Extra-Sessional Classes and what as Directed
Reading Courses. An effort is being made to draw up a programme for
these classes over a period of two years and relate them with the
Summer Session schedules.
Visiting Professor.
The University was fortunate in having the services of
Dr. W. Ivor Jennings of the London School of Economics to take the
work of Professor H. F. Angus who was still on leave of absence
serving with the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations.
Dr. Jennings made a valuable contribution to the work of the University not only within the University but also by the character and
number of his outside lectures throughout the Province. 20.
It is with a feeling of profound regret that I record
the resignation of Ira Dilworth, Professor of English, who after
nine months' leave of absence left to become the Regional Director
of British Columbia for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. He
came to us after a distinguished career - McGill and Harvard -
and after spending some years in the secondary schools of the
Province, also Victoria College and finally as Principal of Victoria
High School, His charming personality and his rare gifts as an
inspiring teacher of English and as a musician of high repute both
as a conductor and as a lecturer on the appreciation of music, soon
won for him a high place in University life. While we wish him
every success in his present field for which of course he is
eminently suited, we deplore the loss of one of our most beloved
and inspiring professors.
I wish to make reference to the list of publications
by various members of the Faculty. It is not possible to review
all these publications but at this time (September, 1939) when the
thoughts and the energies of the nation are centred on another
gigantic worid-conflict, it might not be deemed unprofitable to
refer to the scientific investigations of the Faculty, and their
bearing on the development of the natural resources and their
contribution to national welfare. It will be conceded by all that
even the finest contributions in the applied scientific fields have
their bases in the researches in Pure Science, And this Faculty,
which is a Faculty of Science as well as of Arts, has been able to
make its researches in the fields of Pure Science and has been glad
to know that these researches contribute in no small way to the
problems of industry and welfare.
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine:
During the year, particularly during the summer of 1938,
Dr. Dolman and his assistants carried on an extensive investigation
into the cause of undulent fever in man. Their results aroused
very considerable interest in many quarters.
During the year Dr. D. C B. Duff continued his investigations
on the cause of Furunculosis - a highly infectious disease attacking
under hatching conditions several species of trout and also salmon.
This marked the third year for these investigations carried on under
an annual grant from the Fisheries Board of Canada. The disease
was discovered in British Columbia by Dr. Duff about 1932 and since
that time it has appeared in several widely separated areas in the
Province, ocourring in rivers, lakes and hatcheries. The worst
example of its ravages in the Province was the outbreak at the
Cowichan Lake Hatchery in 1938 when one half of all the hatchery
fish perished as a result of the infection. A most serious
possibility presented itself as a result of this outbreak since
among the fish attacked were two species of the Pacific salmon.
The consequence of the spread of this disease among fish which 21.
form one of our greatest industries in this Province can
hardly be overestimated. With a view to developing methods of
combating the disease Dr. Duff had made careful studies of
the nature of the causative bacillus and during the year under
review found it possible to manufacture an inexpensive but
effective vaccine which could be given to young hatchery fish
in their food. After completing experiments on a small
laboratory scale, Dr. Duff carried out large scale testing at
a specially designed laboratory in the Provincial Fish Hatchery
at Stanley Park. Results cannot yet be reported in full from
these experiments. If the results of the large-scale experiments
are comparable to those of the small-scale, a most potent weapon
has been found for the control of Furunculosis in fish. This
study has not only led to results of immediate practical value
but has also been the means of important discoveries of a
fundamental nature in the science of Bacteriology.
At a recent meeting of the Third International Congress for
Microbiology, Dr. Duff upon the invitation of the Executive of
the Congress reported on his investigations. These will later
be embodied in an article requested for the official Journal
of the Society of American Bacteriologists.
Department of Botany:
In Genetics, research in Alfalfa was conducted under the
joint cooperation of Dr0 Hutchinson and Dr. Moe with Miss Helen
Farley, M.S.A. as assistant. The valuable hybrids developed by
Professors Boving and Moe can be established as commercial
strains only after seed-producing, true-breeding lines have been
established, except possibly by the limited use of cuttings. The
selection and use of these lines have at their bases a knowledge
of the cytological life history, particularly studies of the rate
of pollen tube growth and the complexity of chromosome complements.
In Plant Pathology, DrP Frank Dickson and students investigated
a new fungus attacking turnips stored at low temperatures, a
parasite on the valuable garden shrub Daphne, and several wood
destroying fungi.
In Taxonomy, Professor John Davidson and his son carried on
valuable research on the identification of loco-weed, one of the
most harmful and elusive of range plants.
In Physiology, Dr. John Allardyce and students conducted
basic medical research on the function of ductless glands,
particularly the thymus, the effect of thymus extract on growth
and development, and the importance of radiation of specific
wave lengths.
Department of Chemistry:
Some of the results of the many investigations which have
been undertaken in the Department of Chemistry during the year
are described briefly below. 22.
The pigments of British Columbia pilchard oil have been
separated by chromatographic analysis and identified by their
absorption spectra and other physical properties. The amount
of pigmentation is, however, no indication of the vitamin
content, since most of the coloration is due to a pigment which
is unrelated to Vitamin A.
The various methods of estimating nicotinic acid have been
evaluated by many analyses. Compounds which interfere with the
procedure have been ascertained and better methods of carrying
out the analysis have been found. This investigation has an
added importance since nicotinic acid has been discovered to be
the pellagra preventive Vitamin.
The iodine and phosphorus content of salmon, pilchard,
herring, dog-fish liver and cat-fish liver oils have been
determined. The iodine content is important to the manufacturer
of poultry feeds, while the phosphorus compounds play a part in
the emulsification of fish oils and as antioxidants.
Various plant hormones have been found to be activators for
live yeast but have little accelerating effect on the enzyme,
Work has been continued on the activation of charcoal of the
type used in gas masks. This work has been in progress for many
years. Very recently a variety of charcoal was produced here
which was so active that it could reduce carbon dioxide to
carbon monoxide at room temperature. Ordinary active charcoal
cannot do this. The mechanism of this superactivation is being
studied and a very promising theory is being tested at the
present time.
Some work on the capacity of laboratory distilling columns
was carried on and a relationship was obtained between the
capacity of the column and the nature of the liquid being distilled. This relationship is of value in the design of
laboratory columns. This year the distillation equipment is
being expanded to handle work on the separation of water from
glycerol, of great importance in connection with munition
Corrosion tests wero made on metals electroplated with
"Oxoseal", a patented alloy owned by the Dominion Rust Proofing
Company. The corrosive resistance of metals electroplated with
this alloy have been tested in sodium chloride, sodium carbonate
and sulphate solutions. Tests show that this alloy is superior
to either cadmium or zinc or alloys of these two metals.  The
practical uses of this alloy are very extensive, to mention only
one, the covering of ordinary nails.
Measurements have been carried on now for two years on
Douglas Fir piling to determine the rate of leaching of copper,
zinc and arsenic compounds. Pilings have been treated with
these salts to preserve them from the action of various
bacteria. A table has been prepared by means of which it is 23.
possible to calculate the amount of the various salts which haxre
to be impregnated into Douglas Fir piling to give it a life of
5, 10, 20 years. Creosoting is an excellent preservative but the
treatment is considerably more expensive.
Various hydrocarbons have been synthesized in the laboratories,
as well as isolated from petroleum. Exact measurements of their
physical properties have been made. This special training has been
of great value in placing men in the petroleum industry.
In the search for a more satisfactory preservative for fishing
nets considerable advances have been made. It has been found that
the kind of plasticizer has a most marked effect upon preserving
qualities of the chlorinated rubber. Further investigation is being
continued. The wearing ability of the net, the thickness of the
preservatives, the slipping of knots are being investigated, as
well as many other factors.
A study has been made of the reduction of native B.C. ores
by means of natural gases from Medicine Hat, and by local coal gas.
Quantitative reduction of haematite has been effected and excellent
results obtained from various sulphide ores. A new volumetric
method for the determination of cerium in acid solution by means
of potassium permanganate has been developed.
Cerium oxide has been shown to be an effective catalyst in
the oxidation of sulphur dioxide to sulphur trioxide for the
manufacturing of sulphuric acid.
The work on Coccidiosis is now well under way. Confirmatory
measurements have shown that manure has a preventive effect, and
possibly curative effect upon this disease.
In continuation of the study of the flotation of galena it
was shown that natural lead sulphide due to oxidation carries a
coating of lead sulphate. This may be removed more or less completely by treatment with ammonium acetate, the flotation response
being proportional to the vigor of the treatment with the cleaning
agent. The result would indicate that pure galena shows inherent
flotability in the absence of any collector. It was also shown
that the cleaner the surface of the particles, the smaller the
quantity of collector used up in cleaning the surface by double
decomposition with the products of oxidation.
Department of Geology and Geography:
The academic year under review marked the completion of the
report on the geological survey of the Colony of HongKong and the
adjoining Leased Territories. It was begun on the invitation of
the Colonial Government of Hong Kong who after consultation with
the Geological Surveys of Great Britain, Australia and India and
upon the advice of the British authorities invited Dean R. W.
Brock, Head of the Department of Geology to undertake the work. 24.
"On his return from the Geological Congress held in
Australia in 1922, Dean Brock initiated the survey by spending
a short time in Hong Kong and adjoining territory. Dr. S. J.
Schofield went to Hong Kong in the autumn of 1923 and spent
six months on field work. Dr, M. Y. Williams spent six months
in the colony in 1924-25, Dr. W. L. Uglow in 1925-26 and Dean
Brock in 1926-27.
Dr, Schofield did reconnaissance work over the whole
territory and prepared a preliminary classification of the rocks.
Br. Williams covered the sedimentary rocks of the region and
established the ages of the fossiliferous beds. Dr. Uglow worked
on the large island of Lan Tau and the adjoining mainland. His
untimely death resulting from an accident suffered at Honolulu
on his way home, left his colleagues without his assistance in
the preparation of maps and report and the finished products of
their united efforts are the poorer for his passing.
Dean Brock, assisted by his son Britton Brock, studied and
mapped the igneous rocks of the mainland and Hong Kong Island and
restudied Lan Tau Island sufficiently to interpret Dr. Uglow's
work. He also revised the sedimentary rocks in the . 1 ight of
accumulating evidence,
The work done during the period recorded was plotted on an
old topographical map, pending the production of a new map which
was in preparation by the British Ordinance Office. This map
was published in 1928 and proved so entirely different from the
former map, that it was impossible to replot the geology without
another season in the field. Consequently, Dean Brock, assisted
by E. J. Lees-, returned to Hong Kong and spent six months in the
field in 1932-33.
On his return, Dean Brock and Dr. Williams completed the
geological map (July, 1934) which was printed by the Ordinance
Survey Office, Southampton, in 1936, on the scale of three-
quarter inch to one mile.
Meantime Bean Brock and Dr. Williams had been working on
the report. Dr. T. C. Phemister (then Associate Professor of
Mineralogy and Petrology at this University) made analyses of
several of the rock types of Hong Kong, and worked on the
petrography. Financed by a liberal grant from the Geological
Society of America, under the Penrose bequest, the Department
of Geology of the University of Minnesota analysed various rock-
Dr, H, Reis of Cornell University reported on numerous clay
samples, and the late S. S. Buckman of Thame, England, reported
on the ammonites collected by Dr. Williams.
The report was progressing rapidly when Dean Brock passed
so tragically from the scene of his many activities in the summer
of 1935. 25.
Thereafter Dr. Schofield took over the task of completing
the unfinished chapters. Dr. Williams prepared and edited the
work, and on March 29th, 1939, the volume with some 100 photographic illustrations was mailed to the Colonial Secretary of
Hong Kong. "
Cooperating with the Department of Mining and Metallurgy,
the Department continued to make use of the super-panner, infra-
sizer, the high grade mineralography apparatus and assay facilities
in gold researoh. Some thirteen important projects were completed
by Dr. H. V. Warren and his assistants besides various smaller
investigations. The Mining Companies with whioh the Departments
have been in contact have expressed complete satisfaction with the
results obtained. In fact their expression took concrete form in
two scholarships to the University.
Dr. M. Y. Williams completed his report on the work he
had done on the geology of the Peace River area for the Provincial
Government; Dr, Swanson made investigations in the Gold Fields area
of Lake Athabaska for the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co,;
and Dr. Davis had charge of geology in the Provincial Summer
School for Prospeotors.
Department of Physics:
Muoh of the research work carried on in the Department
of Physics during the past year has been of value to the industries
of the Province. Typical of these investigations are the following:
(a) the determination of the vitamin content of fish oils
by absorption spectrophotometry. This work has been carried on in
cooperation with the Fisheries Experimental Station at Prince
(b) the development of spectrochemical analsysis both for
controlling the composition of alloys in metallurgy and for
detecting small traces of elements which are known to be of great
importance in Agriculture and other industries;
(c) work undertaken in cooperation with the Department of
Chemical Engineering on the structure of organic molecules. For
this work the Raman effeot and polarimetric methods have been
(d) work in micro-polarimetry to establish the presence of
nucleo-proteins in bacteriological cultures;
(e) Geophysical methods of locating ore bodies - particularly
prospecting for radium bearing minerals;
(f) much routine standarization is undertaken, e.g. the
optical pyrometers, barometers, X-ray dosimeters, etc. 26.
Department of Zoo log/;
. In the field of Zoology, Dr. McLean Fraser completed
certain volumes on the classification and distribution of Hydrops
particularly in Pacific waters. This is a valuable contribution" *
to the iislang industry as it has been found that halibut «nd
otnor commercial, fishes are sost prevalent where hydroids abound.
Professor G. J. Spencer continued with his control experiments
and observations on the prevalence of locusts over different parts
*.the  Frovince Particularly in the Nicola Ranges where tremendous
outbreaks occurred. His special report on the outbreak in these
ranges was very flatteringly received by the chief of the Field
Crops Division, Ottawa. It is gratifying to report that the
simple bait formula which he worked out a decade ago has been
largely adopted on all over-grazed or dry ranges and farm lands
in Canada and under similar conditions by the enormous control
organizations in the United States.
The Dean wishes to express his appreciation of the wholehearted way in which the members of the Faculty carried on their work
sometimes under great difficulties.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 27
In my two previous reports I mentioned the principal
changes that had been made in the curricula of the departments in
this faculty. During the session, for which I now have the honour
to report, only minor adjustments were made. It is too early to
essay an appraisal of results although several departmental heads,
in the reports which they have submitted, express favourable opinions.
A faculty committee is studying the curriculum of the Department of
Chemical Engineering, and suggestions have been made Which may lead
to a similar review of the course in Mining and Metallurgy.
Some relief has been obtained from the congestion in the
laboratories reported last year. A locker room in the Mining Building
was converted into an assaying laboratory, and mezzanine floors were
added to the hydraulic laboratory. Some additional equipment was
obtained during the year. Notwithstanding these additions, many of
the laboratories have been taxed to capacity.
As noted elsewhere large classes were enrolled during the
year. There was a marked increase in the attendance in the classes
of Forestry and Mechanical Engineering. I am pleased to report that
graduates from all departments were successful in obtaining
satisfactory employment. The demand for our graduates continues
in increasing measure. There is also an increasing demand for the
services of undergraduates during the long vacation.
Important researches have been carried on in nearly all
departments. Additional space and equipment are urgently needed for
this important branch of Applied Science. There is a definite
increase in the number of applications for graduate work which several
departments are unable to provide. If real progress is to be
maintained, the spirit of scientific enquiry must be encouraged.
It is a pleasure to thank the members of the governing
bodies, the staff and the student body for many courtesies extended
to me during a very successful session.
Respectfully submitted,
The 1938-39 academic year did not differ in any marked
respect from previous years. The work of the Faculty was carried
out as per Calendar and budget.
t       The total student registration of all grades was 123. This
is 23 more than the class-rooms and laboratories were built to
accommodate. The increase in total enrolment was largely in the First
Year, where more than the usual number of students was found with
Junior Matriculation standing rather than Senior Matriculation on
entrance. It is consequently to be expected that some additional
problems will be manifested in the upper years at later dates.
All departments have expressed appreciation of the provision
made for student laboratory assistants.
Progress has been made in the following researches which,
though University projects, are administered by the Dean of the Faculty
of Agriculture.
(a) British Columbia Fish Oils as Sources of Vitamins A. and D.
(b) Fowl Paralysis.
(c  Causes of Raspberry Failure
(d) Activators for Enzymes.
(e) Surface Taint in Butter
Statements in detail with regard to these researches are to be found
in the departmental reports.
The experiment in alfalfa being carried out in co-operation
with the Dominion Experimental Farms was continued and gives promise
of being highly successful. The elite and pure seed project in cooperation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture was expanded
somewhat and is now a recognized addition to the policy of the Department of Agronomy. The Department of Agronomy examined approximately
200 soil samples sent in by farmers. These were unsolicited. A
Field Day, to which were invited leading formers and business men
interested in pure seeds, was held by the Department of Agronomy. The
day was very successful, and was attended by the Honourable the
Minister of Agriculture for British Columbia.
In the Inter-collegiate Senior Dairy Cattle Judging Competition at Portland, the team from the University of British Columbia
won the grand aggregate award for judging all breeds, and placed first
in Guernseys and Holsteins, second in Jerseys- and Ayrshires. Feeding
trials were conducted with beef cattle, in co-operation with the 29.
Agricultural Marketing Bureau (Vancouver) and the Provincial
Department of Agriculture. The dairy herd continued free from
tuberculosis. The herd was also tested monthly for contagious
abortion, and important progress was made in the control of this
disease. The herd was inoculated against haemorrhagic septicemia.
Blood testing work for the detection and elimination of
pullorum disease in poultry was carried on by the Department of
Animal Husbandry at the University, under the direction of Dr. J. G.
Jervis. As arranged by the Dominion Department of Agriculture,
R.O.P. birds to the number of 72,047 were tested and 1,162 reactors
detected, constituting 1,62 per cent. Under the Provincial Department
of Agriculture policy for flock approval, 87,562 birds were tested
and 1,906 reactors detected, constituting 1.92 per cent. A total of
159,609 birds, with 3,068 reactors was tested during the period
September 8th to December 30th. During January an additional 2,820
birds were bled and tested, with 101 reactors, or 3.58 per cent. These
were new flocks not previously tested.
The Department of Dairying has been able to render
important laboratory assistance to a large cheese factory that was
having considerable trouble with the quality of its products.
The vegetable seed trials, in co-operation with the Dominion
Department of Agriculture, were continued satisfactorily, and in
addition similar trials were made with seeds provided by the
Agricultural Marketing Bureau. A private grant of $500.00 was
received for this purpose. The work of Dr. G. H. Harris, on plant
nutrition studies, has been pushed vigorously, and gives promise of
being of outstanding practical value. Dr. Harris attended the
meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
(Plant Physiology Section), held at Stanford University, California,
June 30, 1939.
The new research poultry house was completed during the
year. This was built with insurance monies received after the old
fowl paralysis house was destroyed by fire. This makes a distinct
addition to the equipment of the Department of Poultry Husbandry.
A new laboratory in the old Incubator Building was made available
and adequately equipped for student work in the department. Progress
was made with the projects of breeding for meat production and
improvement of the Cambars. Professor E. A. Lloyd and Mr. Jacob
Biely attended the World's Poultry Congress at Cleveland, Ohio, in
July, 1939.
I wish particularly to call your attention to the many
details in the extended departmental reports.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 30.
During the year ending August 31st, 1939, the work among
the women students was carried on to a large extent as in previous
One of the developments of special value was the increasing
interest in University matters on the part of women graduates. The
Phrateres organization has now an active Alumnae Club. This
organization, as described in an earlier report, aims to get into
membership the unsocial and the socially inexperienced girls, affording them the finer features of the Sorority system without the less
desirable, and to bring them together under conditions which will
remove the handicap caused in the case of otherwise excellent students
by inhibitions growing out of timidity, supersensitiveness, lack of
money and other causes and to prepare them the better to confront the
experiences they will meet after leaving college.  In several ways the
graduate group has been very helpful to the undergraduate women in
this organization.
The Sororities also have their Alumnae Associations and
these various groups with the experience of life which a few years
out of college brings to them, assist the undergraduates in their
endeavour to bring about the best possible conditions. This fact is
probably one of the reasons for the excellent spirit prevailing among
the women students and their willingness to experiment in their
organizations with changes which may make them of greater value to
their members. Panhellenie, for example, introduced during the past
year a new plan for the selection of sorority members which aims to
do away with the former system of "rushing" and "bidding". This is
an entirely independent venture on the part of the sororities of our
own University and is being watched with great interest by the national
fraternity officers. The new system will be tried for a second year
and will then be thoroughly reviewed. It is hoped that much time,
money, and nervous energy may be saved on the part of the members, and
that much of the anxiety on the part of the aspirants for membership,
which formerly detracted from the value of the opening weeks of the
College year, will be avoided.
Among the undergraduate women there has been an increasing
interest in Physical Education from the point of view of health and
general physical fitness. Emphasis has been placed on the participation
of a large number in the work of the gymnasium and in games, rather
than on establishing records in League contests in which only a few
women of outstanding ability in athletics can participate. Here, too,
the influence of graduate organizations has been on the right side.
As in previous years, assistance was given a large number
of women students in their choice of a vocation and in the selection
of the courses leading to the vocation chosen. In the case of courses 31.
not offered in our own university, information was giveii as to
where the desired courses might be obtained. In a number of instanoes
where deserving students were not eligible for University bursaries
or loans, financial aid was given in the form of money, text-books or
clothing, or positions were found in which money could be earned
during the college year as well as in the winter and summer vacations.
Advice was given regarding programmes and other matters connected with
student organizations; and, on the invitation of the students, numerous
meetings were addressed and dances and other functions, including a
student camp, were attended. Supervision was made of the boarding
houses of the approximately 180 out-of-town students, and other
services rendered as the occasion demanded.
Respectfully submitted
The twentieth Summer Session of The University of British
Columbia opened on July 3rd, 1939 and closed on August 18th, 1939.
The enrolment for the session classified by college years
follows; for purposes of comparison the corresponding figures for the
three years preoeding are given in parallel columns.
i222   1228   1211   I2l£
Partial 11 5 18 19
First Year 65 74 89 118
Second Year 211 231 202 204
Third Year 100 80 74 66
Fourth Year 92 90 73 49
Graduates 209 179 183 110
Auditors 25 41
713     700     639     566
For purposes of comparison the students enrolled for
Social Service have been omitted from the totals in 1938 and 1939.
Perhaps a clearer view would be given by omitting the auditors and
giving as totals 688, 659, 639, 566.
The staff consisted of 40 full-time instructors (as compared
with 41 in 1938) and two part-time instructors (as compared with three
in 1938). Of these two full-time instructors (Music and Guidance) and
both the part-time instructors (Librarianship and Physical Education)
were employed to give courses not for University credit but to meet
the wishes of the Department of Education, As in previous years
lecturers were brought in from all parts of Canada and the United
States, What was said in the report for 1938 may very fitly be repeated: 'Several of them were not only of national but of international
reputation'. The institutions whose staffs were drawn upon were:
Acadia, Mount Allison, McGill, Queen's, Toronto, Saskatchewan,Alberta
in the Dominion of Canada; Hawaii, Utah, Southern California,
California at Los Angeles, Syracuse, and Reed. Besides these the
Provincial Department of Education gave us instructors in Guidance,
Librarianship and Physical Education. The course in Physical
Education was given for the first time and I think very successfully
by Mr. Lee of the Provincial Normal School.
The growth from year to year, rapid during the period of
recovery, has become much slower in the last three years. From now
on it may be expected to keep pace with the school and university
population generally, to share the sufferings or the prosperity
of the Province. »
And now at the beginning of a period in which we shall
do more than well if we maintain our present position, it may not
be out of place to take stock of the positive gains of the last
few years.
We have so developed the courses offered that it is now
possible for Summer Session students to find fields of
Major study in Chemistry, Physics, Botany and Mathematics,
and in a lesser degree in French, that satisfy the requirements for the Bachelor's degree in Arts.
We have approximated a permanent curriculum with subjects
given in a cycle of three years. Slight change will have
to be made from year to year but not in greater measure than
is found necessary in the Winter Session.
A permanent time table has been arrived at, under which
students are able to arrange their courses for years ahead
with an assurance not only that the courses desired will
be given as planned but that their grouping in the time
table will be unchanged.
The financial position of the Summer Session in 1939 has
been much better than in the previous session, a result partially
brought about by the increased enrolment, but mainly to be credited
to the increase in fees. The conditions under which the budget for
1940 will be framed will call for some careful consideration.
I cannot find any new words to express my gratitude to
the University, to my colleagues, and to the student body and its
executive for constant and unfailing kindness.
Respectfully submitted,
Director of Summer Session. 34.
The third year of the University Extension Department's
work has proved to be an important and progressive period. Reports
covering the past twelve months indicate that increases have been
made both in the amount and in the scope of the work undertaken and
that the response given by the public to all Extension programmes
has been even more enthusiastic and wide-spread than in the two
previous years.
The extent and value of the work carried on by this
Department may be better appreciated if it is pointed out that during
the past year 2265 individuals registered for Extension courses or
services. This number exceeds the total undergraduate registration
at the University, In the period covered by this report, the Department conducted 179 study groups, 41 short courses, 12 evening classes
and 158 Extension Lectures as well as many field days, exhibitions and
demonstrations. The total attendance at these programmes exceeded
50,000.  This figure does not include those persons attending the
presentation of theatre and motion picture programmes or listening
to radio broadcasts sponsored by the Department. If these are included it is estimated that over 75,000 persons have been helped by
this Department to find a means of self-development and to take an
intelligent interest in the world in which they live.
For the students of this Department, all the work of
registration and the collection of fees is handled through the
Extension Office. When it is realized that during the past year
this one item has involved keeping the records of 2265 students,
the inadequancy of the present office accommodation becomes apparent.
Without making any conventional tributes to the zeal and
tenacity of the assistants and office staff of the Department, it
is only fair to reeord the fact that they have had to work much too
hard. Very often they work overtime but invariably without complaint.
There have been few changes in the policy of the Department.
Educational opportunities are offered to all sections of the Province,
but the emphasis is placed on serving the districts outside the Greater
Vancouver Area. By this means it is hoped to connect outlying
districts of British Columbia with their Provincial University and
to give to people otherwise out of touch a chance for advancement
and for creative work. Many communities have shown an eagerness to
take advantage of the services offered by the Department and have
expressed their appreciation of the University's efforts to further
their social and economic interests through adult education. 35.
For the purposes of this report the work will be discussed under the following headings:
Evening Classes; Extension Lectures; Drama Division; Visual
Instruction Service; Extension Library Service; Study Groups;
Short Courses; Radio; Youth Training Schools.
Evening Classes.
The Evening Class instruction is confined almost
exclusively to the Greater Vancouver Area. Evening courses held in
Mission and Victoria will be included in other sections of the report.
Classes were held at the University, in the Vancouver Normal School
and at the Labour Temple, The registration at the classes showed a
considerable increase in attendances and except for the three courses
given for the Workers' Educational Association they were financially
The registered attendance at the classes was as follows:
English Composition 60; English Literature 72; Playwriting 17;
General Botany 39; Amateur Gardening 50; Poultry Husbandry 43;
Elementary Economics 26; Trade Unionism (1) 43; Trade Unionism
(2) 30 - TOTAL 381
The courses in Elementary Economics and Trade Unionism were
arranged for the Workers' Educational Association. The number
registering for these courses is a sufficient indication of the working man's interest in further self-development through continuing his
Extension Lectures.
Extension Lectures are the oldest Extension activity of
the University. Many years before a Department was formed the University had organized a programme of popular lectures under the University
Extension Committee.
During the past year a bulletin was prepared listing 64
lecturers and 298 subjects. These subjects were chosen for their
topical interest and their educational value. The ever increasing
interest in social and political problems, in international affairs
and in current events made it difficult to provide enough lecturers
for these fields. However, it has been pleasing to note an increasing
demand for other subjects, particularly the arts and crafts.
The following comparative summary shows that although fewer
lectures were given, the average and total attendances were considerably
Comparative Summary 1937-38 1938-59
Number of lectures 190 158
Average Attendance 65 97
Total Attendance 12,831 15,352 36.
In addition to the lectures arranged directly by the Department
and listed here, members of the University staff have reported 328
lectures with a total attendance of 35,049.
Drama Division.
The work in this Division has expanded very rapidly during
the past year.
Summer School of the Theatre.
The Summer School of the Theatre was inaugurated in 1938
under the distinguished direction of Miss Ellen Van Volkenburg. This
year Mr. and Mrs. Burton James were appointed guest directors. The
course lasted five weeks, from July 10th to August 12th.
Twenty full-time and 18 partial students registered for the
course. Although this registration was considerably below last year's,
it was more satisfactory from the point of view of efficient training.
In order to avoid interference with the instruction, no
public performances were given this year. At the conclusion of the
school a number of one-act plays, including one written by the students,
were presented to interested spectators at a Studio Evening.
Believing that the students would benefit from seeing and
assisting with a professional performance, the Department invited the
Seattle Repertory Players to bring to the University their production
of "Our Town". The invitation was accepted and the play was enacted
for enthusiastic audiences on July 18th and 19th.
As part of the Summer School of the Theatre, an exhibition
of Theatre Costumes was held. Costumes were shown by the Vancouver
School of Art, the Vancouver Little Theatre, the Masquers' Club, the
University Players' Club, and the Summer School of the Theatre. Miss
Beatrice Lennie, Vancouver sculptress, loaned her theatrical masks.
Short Courses.
During the year, three-day courses in Dramatics were held
at Abbotsford, Ashcroft, Courtenay, Creston, Grand Forks, Invermere,
Kimberley, Summerland and Vernon. These courses were conducted by Miss
Somerset and proved to be very valuable to small dramatic groups
interested in the amateur production of plays.
The University Drama School of the Air.
During February and March, five programmes each of forty-
five minutes duration were presented over the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation's national network. The specific problems of production
were discussed both before and after a professional performance of the
Eighty Listening Groups registered with the Department for
the series. They received copies of plays and outlines pertinent to the
discussions. 37.
(d) Playwriting Course.
Included in the Evening Classes was a course on Playwriting given by Professor F. G. C Wood. During this course,
several plays were written. Three of these are being rehearsed and
are to be given as a Laboratory Theatre presentation in the University
auditorium in September.
(e) Play Library.
With the library donated last year by the University
Players' Club as a nucleus, a collection of approximately 1,500 plays
has been assembled. This library is now being used by more than fifty
registered groups. Twenty of these were provided with a continuous
service of suitable dramatic works while the others received parcels
of selected plays upon request.
It is gratifying to note that the work of the Department in this field is receiving recognition. Recently the Dramatists
Play Service of New York donated to the Play Library a collection of
114 plays.
During the year 851 plays were loaned.
VisualInstruction Service.
During the past year, a large amount of photographic
work, including the making of over 500 lantern slides, has been done
for departments within the University.
One of the most interesting and valuable films taken
during the year was a 16 mm. record in natural colour of the Royal
Tour through the University area and a much longer natural colour
film, now in production, is entitled "Some Phases of Horticulture".
Records indicate that over 10,000 persons attended
showings of sound and silent educational films arranged and presented by the Department. A large number of these programmes were
given at the Youth Training Schools.
The Dominion Government Motion Picture Bureau has
designated the University as regional repository for the distribution
in British Columbia of all Dominion Government films. This has made
it possible to establish a film library to serve both school and
adult groups«
With the steadily increasing interest in the use of
motion pictures in education and the closer appreciation of the film
as an art form, it was deemed advisable to inaugurate a short course
in Cinematography at the University. For this purpose the Department
secured Dr. 3oris V, Morkovin, Head of the Department of Cinematography
at the University of Southern California, to present a two weeks'
course on: "Films and the School"; "Fundamentals of Motion Picture'
Production"; and "Development of Motion Pictures as Art, Technique, 38.
Socio-Psychological Factor", The Vancouver Branch of the National
Film Society offered .valuable co-operation in providing illustrative
Keen appreciation and interest were displayed by more than
fifty students who registered. In fact, so many members of the class
expressed the desire to continue their studies along the lines
developed by Dr. Morkovin that, as a result, the British Columbia
Institute of Cinematography was formed.
The expansion of the work in this field is clearly indicated
by the following statistics on the circulation of slides, films and
Circulation Statistics.
1957-38 1938-39
Lantern Slides (sets)            93 140
Film Slides (sets)              43 568
Projectors                    47 129
Films (reels)                  - 296.
Extension Library Service.
Through the Extension Library it is planned to build up a
collection of books on subjects closely related to the work of the
Department and to make this collection available to all individuals
and organizations within the Province.
Knowledge of the work of this Department is becoming more
widely diffused and, as a consequence, a marked increase in circulation
has been shown. Additions have been made to the book stock, especially
in the field of modern fiction, and the collection as a whole is
becoming well-rounded.
At present, excluding plays, there are 953 books in the
Library. Of these 174 have been purchased during the past year. During
the year 1,435 books were loaned.
Study Groups.
Group discussion enables individuals to clarify their ideas,
to formulate their conclusions, to give direction to their thinking
and, thereby, to increase their knowledge. There is no other
activity in which there are greater opportunities for the University
to give leadership. Within its limited resources the Department of
University Extension is giving every encouragement to the formation of
Study Groups.
During the year courses were offered in the following
British Columbia History; Practical Psychology; Modern Literature;
History of the Theatre; Economics and Public Affairs; Cooperatives.
The Dominion Department of Fisheries has made a grant of
$5,000.00 to the University for the organization of a Study Group 39.
programme among B.C.Fishermen. It is planned to offer courses on
co-operatives and credit unions.
Short Courses (Miscellaneous)
(a) Homemaking Courses.
In response to a request from the South Vancouver
Island District Women's Institutes, a short course in Homemaking was
held at Victoria from-June 13th to 16th.    Instruction was given in
Handicrafts, Home Economics, Psychology and co-operatives.    Thirty^four
persons registered for the day classes and an average of seventy-five
attended the evening meetings.
As a result of many requests from Women's Institute
members^ the Minister of Agriculture granted the Extension Department
$500^00 for short itinerant courses in Homemaking.    Although the
Department was unable to cope with the large number of applications
received,  courses were given at Cloverdale, Agassiz, Winfield,
Keremeos,  Okanagan Falls, Revelstoke, Vernon, Fawn and Yale.
In further co-operation with the Dominion and Provincial
Departments of Agriculture an instructor in Home Economics was provided for field days at Armstrong, Pemberton, Duncan and Alberni.
(b) Hand-Weaving.
A revival of handicrafts has been marked in this
Province during the last few years and great interest was aroused when
the University Extension Department sponsored two courses in Hand-
weaving during the summer at Vancouver and at Victoria.
Mrs. ilary Atwater, foremost exponent in America of
hand-weaving, was engaged as instructor and, largely due to her efforts,
both courses were very successful,
(c) Public Administration.
Professor W. Ivor Jennings gave a series of lectures
on Public Administration at the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, The
course was designed especially for civil servants and great appreciation
was expressed regarding it.
Art Appreciation.
Following the successful experiment of a year ago, a
series of afternoon classes in Art Appreciation was given at the University by Mr. C. H. Scott,
The Department assisted an Art Study Club in Kamloops
by providing a three-day course on Art Appreciation. The course was
given by Mr. J. L. Shadbolt. 40
(e)     Co-operatives.
Following the receipt of requests from representatives of
the three largest fishing co-operatives in the Province, a three-day
course on co-operatives was arranged for fishermen.    The Dominion
Department of Fisheries provided the funds which made it possible
to bring the Rev.  J. D. Nelson MacDonald from St,Francis Xavier
University to conduct the course.    Eighty-eight persons registered
for the day classes and many times this number attended the evening
Generous co-operation has been received from the Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation. This organization installed new equipment
in the University radio studio and arranged special lines connecting
the Vancouver station with the University.
Although it was difficult to find suitable times for
educational broadcasts, 148 broadcasts of recorded music from the
Carnegie Music Set were given under the supervision of Professor Ira
Dilworth. One of the most successful programmes was the "U.B.C.Drama
Workshop" presented under the direction of the Drama Division.
Dominion-Provincial Youth Training Schools.
Working under a grant from the Dominion-Provincial Youth
Training Plan and in co-operation with the Provincial Departments of
Agriculture, Education and Labour, the Department has had a unique
opportunity to conduct an experiment in Rural Adult Education.
Using the Danish and Scandinavian Folk Schools as models,
the programme was designed to help young people understand the
possibilities and advantages of rural life. Although the schools
were primarily of an occupational character, much attention was given
to training in recreational activities.
With the co-operation of Farmers' and Women's Institutes,
District Agriculturists and local committees, dormitory schools of
two weeks' duration were held in sixteen widely-scattered centres
throughout the Province. The courses offered were modified to suit
the needs of the various localities. They included instruction in
Weaving, Cooking, Dress-making, Animal Husbandry, Dairying, Soils,
Field Crops, Carpentry, Blacksmithing, Music Appreciation and
Practical Psychology.
According to the terms of the grant only young people between
the ages of 16 and 35 were eligible for the day classes. Within these
age limits 1059 persons attended the schools for the full two weeks.
At least twice this number attended special classes or participated
in the evening programmes.
Although the work carried on during this first year was of
an experimental nature, no activity of the Department has ever met
with such unanimous approval. The Federal and Provincial Departments 41.
responsible for the financial support of the programme have  expressed
their satisfaction by authorizing for the coming year, a grant of
$40,000.00 for this work.
Public Relations.
The Department has made an effort to supply the local daily
press, as well as the weekly newspapers of the Province, with news
items concerning the work of the various departments of the University.
Examination results were sent by wire to any newspaper desiring the
Photographs and exhibits from the University have been sent
to various fairs and other exhibitions both in the Province and in
other parts of Canada.
Many bulletins covering various activities of the Department
have been prepared and distributed to a selected mailing list. The
preparation of this mailing list has entailed a heavy burden of work.
It contains over 79000 names classified as to interest and locality.
&£m Sm   %!-&   Xof    -v*'   -aL. V
There are many activities of the Department of University
Extension which cannot be included in a brief annual report.    Many of
these will be found in the Interim Reports which have been submitted
to the President's Office.
Numerous organizations carrying on educational work have
received assistance from the University through some form of Extension
service.    Among these are included the Alumni Association,  the Vancouver
Symphony Society, the Y.W.C.A.  and Y.M.C.A., the Vancouver Institute,
the Vancouver Folk Festival Society, the Parent-Teacher Federation,
the Community of Self-Help Association, the National Council of
Education, the Women's and Farmers'  Institutes and several others.
Reference has already been made to the degree of co-operation
received from the staff of the Department. Many others have contributed to whatever success has been achieved. Among these, the
contribution of the President of the University has been the most
outstanding. During the past two years not only has he consistently
given the Director wise counsel and encouragement, but he has also
given him a great measure of freedom to develop and expand the work
of the Department. His support has been invaluable.
The members of the Board of Governors, by their generous
financial support and their expressions of appreciation and encouragement, have also helped to further the programme of the Department.
And finally, many members of the teaching staff of the University have
given unstintingly of their time and energy to the work of University
Respectfully submitted,
Director of University Extension. *T"cL m.
We have the honour to present the twelfth annual report
of the Health Service of the University of British Columbia.
It is with considerable pleasure that we are able to
report that progress has been made in the work of this Department
furthering, and in some cases fulfilling, our objective. '
Dr.  K.  F. Brandon,  Director of the University Health
Service for the past two and one-half years,   left in March to take
up duties in the United States.    He was held in high esteem by the
students,  for he had their trust and friendship.    This fact made
it very easy for the students to come to him with their problems
and requests for advice on matters of health.    He will be missed.
As the registration of new students was less than in
1937-38, which was unusually large, the number of medical examinations
was reduced.    With the assistance of physicians and nurses of the
Metropolitan Health Committee, the majority of first year examinations
vrere completed by the end of October,  1938.
Throughout the session 742 students were given complete
physical examinations,   including 671 new students and 71 students who
had not received examinations for periods up to four years.    Of the
number examined,   54,5 per cent,  required follow-up for defects or
further investigation.    Again the  response to the notes sent to these
students was gratifying,  71 per cent,  reporting.    One hundred defective
conditions were reported as treated by the private physician or dentist,
and others fully realized the importance of having defects corrected
but were unable to have these done under present financial status.
Unfortunately,   some of the  students' time  is still lost
through sickness,  although this year the number of absentees has been
considerably reduced.    One hundred and eighty-four students lost  1266
school days and in addition three students found to have tuberculosis
were unable to continue.
The out-patient service has also increased,   58 per cent,   of
the students,  exclusive  of those given physical examination, reporting
to the office at some time during the year.    The number of visits was
6,015 as against 4,782 for the previous year.    Of these,  1014 were
for First Aid Treatment,  an increase of over 40 per cent.
This year it was possible to enlarge the anti-tuberculosis
programme.    In the 1937-38 session,  only a certain number of the
students entering the University were given the tuberculin test. This
fall, however,  each student who had not previously been tested
received the test at the time of the medical examinations. The results
of these tests are enlightening.    Last year,  with the  selected group,
70 per cent,   showed positive reactions to the test, while this year
there were 43 per cent, positive among the larger and much more
representative group.    This percentage is still a little higher than 43.
that of the survey of eleven colleges throughout the United States,
which was 30.5 per cent, positive. It was noticed in the survey that
the Universities on both the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts showed a
higher percentage of positive reactors than the Universities situated
inland. Our findings conform to the American figures in this respect.
From the larger group of students which was X-rayed this year, only
four cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were found, two minimal, of which
one was healed; one moderately advanced and another far advanced. The
three active cases were picked up early and were not allowed to continue
at the University.
Referring again to the tuberculin test, it was observed that
39 Per cent, of students under twenty and 51 per cent, of those over
twenty years of age were positive. Variations according to sex were
insignificant. As was expected, urban rates were higher than rural,
45 per cent, of students from urban areas showing positive, while the
rural figure was 33 per cent.
The incidence of communicable diseases was very low during
the session. The incidence of the so-called major communicable
diseases was negligible and the bulk of the diseases was confined to
the respiratory system. The department takes no credit for this low
incidence as with the exception of vaccinations against smallpox which
numbered 115, only 6 students were immunized against scarlet fever and
10 against diphtheria.  Table VIII (tables are not included in the
President's report) presents the number of potentially susceptible
individuals against certain of the communicable diseases, as determined
by the history of absence of disease and in the cases of diphtheria and
scarlet fever, the.absence also of previous immunization. Although it
is unfair to state that 92 per cent, of the student body might conceivably contract diphtheria or 86 per cent, scarlet fever, yet these
figures serve to illustrate the danger from these diseases should
epidemics of either occur. The response to the widespread use of
diphtheria toxoid which began in Vancouver about ten years ago, directed
mainly in protecting the younger age groups, is reflected in the lower
level of susceptibles to diphtheria as found among the freshman class.
It is to be hoped that steadily diminishing percentages of susceptibles
will be found in the years to come. It is gratifying to. note that 80
per cent, of the student body are protected against smallpox.
During the course of routine physical examinations and consultations, many psychiatrical problems are apparent. The difficulties,
especially of adolescents and young adults, to adjust themselves to now
responsibilities and environment presents a situation which, up to the
present, we have been able to do little about. Psychoneurotic
tendencies and mental aberrations present themselves constantly and
too often the square peg in the round hole is left to continue. Preventive measures in this field are essential.
Fortunately there is promise of aid in this connection. This
spring, Dr. C. H. Gundry joined the staff of the Metropolitan Health
Committee as Director of Mental Hygiene and it is proposed that part
of his services be utilized next year in laying the foundations of a
mental hygiene programme. 44.
In February of the year a "Health Week" was hold on the
campus by the Monro Pre-Medical Club with the assistance of this Department. Lectures were given by specialists in their fields on three of
the outstanding health problems of the present day. Moving pictures on
general subjects of health were also shown, and the whole was received
with enthusiasm by the student body.
There has also been considerable interest amongst the students
regarding first aid, and Miss Upshall conducted two series of lectures
on this subject. They were eagerly received.
Another fact which makes us believe the students are becoming
more health conscious is the growing demand for literature and references
on health.
The work for this year has also been greatly facilitated by the
fact that we have been able to have a full-time clerk for the session.
Sanitary conditions were surveyed during the year and a special
visit was made by a Sanitary Inspector of the Metropolitan Health Committee regarding the Cafeteria.
Following custanary procedure, all members of the Cafeteria
Staff were medically examined and instructed on matters and methods of
health in their responsibility as food handlers.
With increasing numbers of students availing themselves of
the health services, on occasion the quarters provided have been taxed
to capacity. It is our hope that extra room will be provided so that
the work may be more conveniently carried on.
The opportunity is taken to acknowledge the splendid spirit
of co-operation which the President, Deans and members of the faculties
have evidenced during the year in aiding the work of this Department.
It is only with a spirit of mutual understanding regarding the needs
of the student body that progress can be assured.
As this Department is interested in the health education of
the students, we are pleased to have the opportunity of representation
on the advisory board of the Committee of Health and Physical Education
of Arts and Science. It is to be hoped that the students will benefit
by a more extended health educational programme in the future.
We are also indebted to the Laboratories of the Provincial
Department of Health for their assistance and advice concerning tests
undertaken, and to the Division of Tuberculosis Control, Provincial
Department of Health, for diagnostic facilities and reports in
connection with the tuberculosis survey.
To the physicians and nurses of the Metropolitan Health Committee whose able assistance permitted the completion of examinations of
First Year students at an early date, we extend our hearty thanks.
Respectfully submitted,
The registration for classes in Physical Education during
the 1938-39 session totalled 285.    Although the class work was
entirely voluntary, these classes were well attended.
The programme available to these men included boxing,
basketball,  volleyball, tumbling,  apparatus, badminton, wrestling,
and some corrective work.
With only the lunch hour available for intramural activities,
the programme was extremely limited.    The following data indicates
the results for the session 1938-39:
Classes competing  10
Number of sports  12
Number of contests  67
Total participation  730
Different individuals  375
With the extensive inter-city and inter-collegiate sport
programme carried on by the  students,  approximately sixty-six per
cent,  of the men enrolled at the University were actively engaged in
some form of physical education.
During the past year every effort has been made to encourage
one hundred per cent,  participation in Physical Education by the men
students.    With increased facilities, it is anticipated that enough
equipment and space will be provided to broaden the programme in such
a way that every man will be anxious to take part.
It is hoped that the programme available to undergraduate
students can be organized in such a way that it will be feasible for
all those students planning to proceed to Teacher Training to have an
opportunity to take physical education and that  it will appear as a
permanent record in their teaching qualifications.      Arrangements
have been made for the session 1939-40 to include an additional hour
of physical education each week for those taking Teacher Training
who are particularly interested in teaching Health and Physical
Respectfully  submitted,
Instructor in Physical Education
for Men. 46
Women's registration in Physical Education activities
was approximately 450. Attendance in all classes was very satisfactory
with continued interest throughout the session.
The programme included classes in Gymnastics and Tumbling,
Dancing and Rhythms, Badminton, Archery and Volley ball, also talks on
various phases of Physical Education which included lectures on
posture, body mechanics and principles of health,
Intramurals were conducted throughout the session. In the
fall term these consisted of Volley ball, Basketball and Archery, and
in the winter term of Badminton and mixed teams in Volley ball.
Tournaments were also arranged between Phrateres Chapters and Sororities
Intercollegiate competition was carried out by means of a
Telegraphic Archery Tournament with ten Canadian colleges and universities competing. The University of British Columbia won second place.
A course in Recreational Leadership was given which included
lectures on recreation, leadership and recreational activities.  The
work also included material in dancing and games suitable for use in
schools, playgrounds and clubs.  It may be of interest to mention here
that all vacancies on the city playgrounds last summer were filled by
women who had taken the course in Recreational Leadership at the
A class in Dancing and Rhythms was given to the women in this
year's Education class with one hundred per cent, attendance.
The Instructor in Physical Education for Women assisted in:-
1. The organization and supervision of mixed Badminton
periods in the Gymnasium.
2. The organization of a Women's Athletic Directorate
for the purpose of giving greater co-operation and
control in women's sports within the University.
3. The giving of co-operation and counsel in all sports
clubs of the Women's Athletic Association.
4. The establishment of an improved system of awards
by means of a point system in women's athletics.
5. The bringing to the attention of women students
books which are now available in the Library on
various phases of physical education, recreational
activities and sports. 47.
6. The giving of lectures on group work in
recreation to the Social Service class.
7, The charting of women students for posture: the
giving of counsel in matters of healthful living:
leadership in matters concerning professional
standards and opportunities in physical eduoation
and recreation.
Respectfully submitted,
Instructor in Physical
Education for Women. 48.
CanadlaM omens' trAinTO CofiEs
university 61 «aa?MB Columbia domimmi.
During the year 1937-38 the University of British Columbia
Contingent of the Canadian Officers' Training Corps established
an outstanding record of achievement in examination work,   shooting
and general efficiency.    Therefore, it is particularly gratifying
to note that during the session 1938-39 the same standard has
been maintained.    Since no University credit is given for work
in the Corps, the U.B.C. Contingent,  in point of numbers,  is one
of the  smaller units in Canada.    However the deficiency in numbers
is amply compensated by the enthusiasm and efficiency of the
The Contingent's rifle team again brought honour to the
University by winning second place in the Inter-University Rifle
Competition, held in November,  1938.    Thus, during three consecutive years,  the Contingent has won this competition twice and
ranked second once.    This is a record unequalled by any other
university in Canada.
In the War Office examinations the members of the Corps again
acquitted themselves with great distinction.     Cadet Wilson, R.A.
ranked second among Canadian Candidates writing for Certificate
"A"  (Lieutenant's Fbcamination),  and Corporal Goodwin, W. H,  claimed
third place in the same examination.    In Certificate "B"  (Captain's
"Examination),  Sergeant Barton, W.H. ranked second in Canada.
Members of the Corps thus won three of the  six prizes awarded by
the Infantry and Machine Gun Association on the basis of the War
Office examinations.
It is hoped that the alterations which have been made in the
rooms occupied by the Corps in the basement  of the Arts Building
will make possible the carrying on of the work of the Unit under
more favourable conditions.
(a) Fall Term.
The parades were held on Tuesday nights at The
Seaforth Armouries.
The training of "A" and "B" Certificate Candidates
was carried out during regular parades and also on allotted noon
periods and other stated times during the week at the University.
(b) Christmas Vacation.
During the Christmas vacation a party consisting of
52 all ranks engaged in training at Work Point Barraoks, Victoria, 49.
B.C.  This period lasted from December 26th to December 31st,
The course was under the general supervision of
Permanent Force Officers and Assistant Instructors.
(c) Spring Term.
The training of "A" and "B" Candidates was carried
out during evening parades and during the week as in the Fall Term.
(a) War Office Examinations.
(i) Certificate "A"
Twenty-five candidates wrote this examination and twenty-
two passed. Both the number writing and passing were the largest
in the history of the Corps.
(ii) Certificate "B"
Twelve candidates wrote this examination and nine passed.
(b) Canadian Small Arms School.
During August two officers attended the Canadian Small
Arms School at Camp Sarcee, Alta., and were successful in passing
the examinations.
(c) School of Signals.
One member of the Contingent was successful in passing
examinations at Barriefield, Ont., completing Wireless Telegraphy.
(a) Annual Inter-University Rifle Competition.
Sergt. H.A.Mann was awarded the Leckie Shield as the
member making the highest score in this competition.
The standing of Universities competing follows:
The three highest
McMaster University ,.. 793
University of British Columbia  754
Royal Military College  706 Classification. 50.
Members of the Contingent carried out the prescribed
practices laid down for classification in Rifle and Light Machine
Gun (L.M.G.) on Blair Rifle Range, North Vancouver, B.C., during
the Fall and part of the Spring of 1939.
The Maclnnes Shield for the highest score in
classification (Rifle) was awarded to Lieut. F. B. Jones for a
total score of 96/115.
Light Machine Gun  (Lewis)
During the past year more emphasis has been placed
on the L.M.G. training.    Many members became proficient in the
use of this weapon on the Open Range.    The results were very
(b) Anti-gas Training.
In spite of the shortage of respirators, laok of
facilities and equipment, a large number of members in the Contingent were instructed in the use of the respirator and were
passed through the Gas Chamber. Also, all candidates for
certificates were examined in Types of War Gases, Decontamination,
Protective Equipment and the care of the respirator.
(c) Vickers Machine Gun.
A class was started dealing with the use of this
weapon,  one certificate member being trained in its use for the War
Office Examinations.    Unfortunately the equipment did not reach
the unit in time to practice on the Open Range.      More work will
be carried out with this arm next season.
Judging Distance
A judging distance test was carried out at the
University after a limited amount of time had been spent on the
subject.    The results although not outstanding were quite
satisfactory in view of the time spent on this phase of the
training.    Seventy-five all ranks participated in this training.
The Annual Inspection Of the Contingent by the
District Officer Commanding M.D. No. 11, Brigadier J.C.Stuart,
D.S.O, and his staff took place on March 14th, 1939, at the
Seaforth Armouries.
The total parade strength was as follows:
Officers and attached Officers  17
Other Ranks 21
Total All Ranks _£4 51.
The Inspecting Officer commented very favourably on
the smartness of the men and on their ability in Drill, Small
Arms Training and other branches of their work.
The 9th Annual Ball was held at the Spanish Grill,
Hotel Vancouver,  on March 21st,  1939.    Members of the Military
Committee,  Officers of the Vancouver Garrison and others were
guests of the Contingent on this occasion.    This was the only
social activity sponsored by the Unit.
In many respects the past year has been the most
satisfactory training period in the history of the Unit.  The
attendance at parades and rifle practices was exceptionally
good. The Corps had a full complement of qualified officers and
N.C.O's, many of whom have had specialized training.  It was very
gratifying to note the manner in which the student officers are
assuming a greater share of the responsibility for the training
of the recruits.
There were no breaches of discipline during the year.
Ordnance Inspection.
The Ordnance Inspection was carried out by the
District Ordnance Officer on May 12, 1939. No shortages were
Annual Audit
The Annual Audit of Regimental Funds was carried out
on September 26th, 1938, by a Board appointed for the purpose. The
books and accounts of the Contingent were found correct.
Royal Visit by Their Majesties. May 29. 1939.
The Corps participated in the visit of Their Majesties
by lining the Mall during the passage of the Royal Procession.
(f)  Guard..of Honour for His Excellency Right Honourable
Lord "fweedsriuir, Governor-General of Canada"", March T7 .1939.
The Corps provided a Guard of Honour for His
Excellency Right Honourable Lord Tweedsmuir upon the occasion of
his visit to the University to receive an honorary degree. 52.
In order to show the steady progress of the Corps
during the past few years a statistical report has been prepared
(not included).    During the past year there has been an increase in
the average number attending parades, the number writing
examinations and particularly in the number classified as First
Class Shots.
Since no suitable accommodation could be obtained in
the Brock Memorial Building,and since there seemed to be no
immediate possibility of getting space in any other building on
the campus,it was decided to improve the present quarters under the
Arts Building.    At a cost of approximately $500.00 the heating
pipes throughout the whole basement of the Arts Building have been
raised approximately eighteen inches.    This greatly improves all
the rooms and the rifle range.    Arrangements have been made whereby
the room used for the Book Exchange will be available to the Corps
as soon as the Brock Memorial Building is completed.    The armoury
has been improved,  and new rooms assigned for the Orderly Room and
the Quartermaster's Stores.    In addition new moth-proof cabinets
have been built for the clothing.    This will eventually effect a
considerable saving by preventing damage to the clothing by moths
and mice.    These alterations will make the present quarters
reasonably suitable for all the work of the corps except drilling.
It is again a great pleasure for the Commanding Officer
to record his appreciation of the  services of Q.M.S.I.—A.A.Smith,
P.P.C.  L.I. (I.C).    He has been with the Unit for the past nine
years,  and much of the  success of the Contingent in Inter-University
Competition and in the War Office Examinations is due to the high
standard of the work carried on by this instructor.
The Commanding Officer wishes to record also his
appreciation of the assistance and co-operation afforded him by the
Chancellor, the President, the Board of Governors, the Committee on
Military Education, the District Officer Commanding M.D. No. 11 and
Staff, the Officer Commanding the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada,
the Officer Commanding the 14th Infantry Brigade,  and all others
who have contributed to the success of the Contingent.
Respectfully submitted,
Commanding U.B.C.Contingent, CO.T.C 53
'  I 0
Dr. C E. Dolman and Mr. R, J. Wilson:
"Experiments with Staphylococcal Enterotoxin",
Journal of Immunology, Vol. 35, 1938, p. 13.
Dr. C E. Dolman. Miss V. Hudson and Mr. D. G. B. Mathias:
"Further Observations on Brucellosis in and around Vancouver",
Canadian Public Health Journal, Vol. 30, 1939, p. 100.
Dr. C. E. Dolman and Mr. M. M. Malcolm:
"Gonococcus Culturing in Public Health Laboratory Practice",
Canadian Public Health Journal, June, 1939.
Dr. C E. Dolman:
Annual Report, Division of Laboratories,
Provincial Board of Health Bulletin, June, 1939.
"The Interpretation and Evaluation of Public Health
Laboratory Tests", Vancouver Medical Association
Bulletin, July, 1939-
"Compulsory Pasteurization of Milk", Vancouver Medical
Association Bulletin, August, 1939.
Dr. D. C B. Duff:
"Some Serological Relationships of the S,  R, and G Phases
of Bacillus salmonicida",  Journal of Bacteriology,
Vol.  38, pp.  91-100  (+1 plate),  1939.
Mr.  H. E.  Fisher and Dr.  R. H. Clark:
"The Conversion of Alpha-bromonaphthalene into the Beta Isomer",
Canadian Journal of Research,  17,  251,  1939.
Mr. Walter R.  Ashford and Dr. R. H. Clark:
"The Quantitative Determination of Nicotinic Acid",
Trans, Royal Society of Canada, XXXIII,  1939. 54.
Department of Chemistry - continued:
Dr. W. F. Seyer and Mr. William Morris:
"The Density and Transition Points of Dotriacontane",
Journal American Chemical Society, 62, 1114, 1939.
Dr. W. F. Seyer, Mr. M. M, Wright, and Mr. R. C Bell:
"The Preparation of Pure Cyclohexane",
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 31, 759, 1939.
Dr. M. J. Marshall and Mr, R. A. Finlay:
"The Equilibrium Pressures of Oxygen Adsorbed on
Activated Charcoal",
Canadian Journal of Research, 17, 1939.
Dr. J. A. Harris:
"The Physical and Chemical Utilization of Wood",
special report for the Department of Trade and Industry,
Legislature of British Columbia,
Published by King's Printer, Victoria.
Dr. J. A. Harris and Mr. F. Stuart:
HA Method for the Quantitative Determination of Cerium",
Trans. Royal Society of Canada, 1939.
Dr. C. W. Topping:
Edited: "Proceedings, sixth Canadian Conference on Social
Work", Vancouver, 1938. (224 p.).
"The Report of the Royal Commission on the Penal System of
Canada", Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science,
Vol. 4, No, 4, Toronto, November, 1938.
Dr. A. W. Currie:
"The Senate Committee on Railways, 1938",
Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science,
Vol. 5, No. 1, February, 1939, PP. 56-69.
Review: "Canadian Marketing Problems", (ed.) H.R.Kemp,
Journal of Marketing, Vol, IV, No. 1, pp. 96-97. DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH:
Dr. W. L. MacDonald:
Article: "Towards A Canadian Foreign Policy",
Canadian Forum, August, 1939.
Mr. T. Larsen:
"The Legendary and Historical Background of Peele»s
'Battle of Alcazar'",Trans. Royal Society of Canada, 1939,
Dr. D. Blakey:
"The Minerva Press 1790-1820", Bibliographical Society
at the University Press, Oxford, 1939 (for 1935).
Dr. M. Y. Williams:
"The Geological Survey and Mining Development",
Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Bulletin,
1938, pp. 613-616.
Dr.  H. V. Warren:
Article: "The United States - Example or Warning",
B.C.Miner, September 1938, p. 43.
Article: "The Significance Of Pyrargyrite in British Columbia",
B,C.Miner, October, 1938, p. 39-
Dr. H. V. Warren, Mr. C Madsen and Mr. W. H. White:
Article: "Some Studies with the Haultain Super-panner and
(a) Bulletin, C.I.M.M,, February, 1939, P« 53.
(b) B.C.Miner, February, 1939, P. 33.
Dr. H. V, Warren. Mr. P. Leckie-Ewlng and Mr. P. A. Adams:
Article: "Mineralogy of a Cobalt-Gold Occurrence in British
Columbia", B.C.Miner, August, 1939, P. 34.
Dr. W, N. Sage:
"From Colony to Province",
British Columbia Historical Quarterly,
Vol. Ill, No. 1, January, 1939, pp.1-14, 56.
Department of History (continued):
Dr. W. N, Sage:
"Towards New Horizons in Canadian History",
Pacific Historical Review, Vol. VIII, No. 1, March, 1939,
PP. 47-57.
"The Relations of Canada and the United States",
British Columbia Historical Quarterly, Vol, III, No. 2,
April, 1939, PP. 135-142.
Article: "Why Canadian History ?'.', B.CTeacher,
February, 1939, PP. 303-304.
Review: Melvin C. Jacobs, "Wanning Oregon, a Study of an
Expansionist Movement", Canadian Historical Review,
Vol. XX, No, 1, January, 1939, PP. 7*-75.
Review: George M, Wrong, "The Canadians, The Story of a
People", Pacific Historical Review, Vol. VIII, No. 1,
January, 1939, PP. 122-123.
Mr. F. H. Soward:
"British Columbia and the British Commonwealth of Nations",
Journal of Inter-American Relations, July, 1939.
Article:  "Is Anthony Eden the Man"of Destiny in British
Politics?", B.CTeaoher, February,  1939.
Article:  "The British Commonwealth Relations Conference at
Sydney",  series of six artioles published in the Southam
Reviews: Numerous reviews for the Magazine Section of the
Vancouver Daily Province.
Assisted in editing: The section on Canada for the
"Political Handbook of the World",  published annually by
the Council on Foreign Relations, New York.
Mr. A. C. Cooke:
"Empire Unity and Colonial Nationalism 1884-1911".
Annual Report of the Canadian Historical Association, 1939. 57.
Dr. D. Buchanan:
"Asymptotic Isosceles Triangle Solutions for Unequal
Masses", Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo,
November, 1938.
Dr. R. Hull:
"On the Units of Indefinite Quatermoir Algebras",
Am. Journal of Mathematics, Vol. LVI, No. 2, April,
1939, PP. 365-374.
Dr. A. F. B. Clark:
"The Dialectical Humanism of Thomas Mann",
University of Toronto Quarterly, Vol. VIII, No.  1,
October,  1938.
Dr.  D.  A.  K.  Aish:
"La me'taphore dans l'oeuvre de Stephane Mallarme'",
Paris, Droz,  1938.
Dr. J. Y. Dangelzer:
"La description du milieu dans le roman francais de
Balzac 'a Zola",
Paris, Presses Modernes, 1938.
Dr. J. E. Morsh:
"After Images", Psychological Bulletin,
Vol. 35, 1938, p. 527.
Dr. G. M. Shrum:
Review: "Science for the Citizen",
Vancouver Daily Province,
December 10th, 1938. DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY:
Dr. C McLean Fraser:
"The Relation of the Marine Fauna to the Physiography of
the West Coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands",
Canadian Field Naturalist LII, September, 1938, pp. 88-93.
"Hydroid Distribution in the Northeastern Pacific",
Trans. Royal Society of Canada, (3), XXXII, Sec. 5,
pp. 39-42, 1938.
"Hydroids of the 1936 and 1937 Allan Hancock Pacific
Expeditions", Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 4, No. 2,
pp. 107-127, PI. 16-18, October, 1938.
"Hydroids of the 1932, 1933, 1935, and"1938 Allan Hancock
Pacific Expeditions", Ibid, No. 3, pp. 129-153, PI. 19-21
October, 1938.
"Distribution of the Hydroids in the Collections of the
Allan Hancock Expeditions", Ibid, No, 4, pp. 155-178,
February, 1939.
"Hydroids of the Western Canadian Artie Region", 1935-1937,
Canadian Journal of Research, D. 17; pp. 59-61, March, 1939.
Mr. G. J. Spencer:
"Upon the Function of the Pseudosternite in the Acridiidae",
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia,
No. 35, February, 1939.
"A Triple Stratiomyid Wing", Proceedings of the Entomological
Society of British Columbia,, No. 35, February, 1939.
"Ectoparasites of Deer in British Columbia",
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British
Columbia, No. 35, February, 1939.
Mr. W. B. Coulthard:
nAn Auxiliary Equation for use with the Heaviside
Expansion Theorem", Philosophical Magazine,
April, 1939. 59.
Mr. F. A. Forward:
Article: "The Recent CI.M.M.Meeting",
B.C.Miner, December, 1938, p. 28.
Article: "Smelting Without Smoke Damage",
B.C.Miner, January, 1939, P. 25.
Article: "Progress in the Application of Sink and Float
B.C.Miner, February, 1939, P» 25,
Article: "Coordination of Mineral Research",
B.C.Miner, March, 1939, p. 25.
Article: "A Coast Iron Smelter",
B.C.Miner, February, 1939, P. 24.
Article: "Arsenical Gold Ore Treatment",
B.C.Miner, April, 1939, P. 36.
Dr. P. G. Laird and Mr. P. M. West:
"The Influence of Bios on Nodule Bacteria and Legumes. B.
The Influence of Crude Bios Preparations on Acid Production
by Strains of Rh. trifolii.". Canadian Journal of Research,
C 16, 347-353, 19W-
Dr. S. N. Wood:
"Brucellosis of Dairy Cows - A Public Health Problem - ",
Can. Journal of Comp. Med., September, 1938.
Miss Olga Okulitch:
"Microbic Dissociation of Lactic Acid Streptococci",
Canadian Journal of Research, C 17, 171-177, 1939. 60.
Department of Dairying (continued):
Dr. Blythe A. Eagles and Miss Olga Okulitch:
"Lactic Acid Streptococci of Cheese Starters",
Journal of Dairy Science, 22, 431-432, 1939.
Mr. E. A. Lloyd:
Article:   "Dual Purpose Poultry — Is Breeding for Meat
Type Incompatible with Breeding for Egg Type?" -
U.S. Egg & Poultry Magazine, Vol. 45, No. 1: 28,  1939.
Article: "Breeding for Meat and Egg Production",
Proceedings Seventh World's Poultry Congress and
Exposition: 483-487,  1939.
Mr.   Jacob Biely:
Article:  "The Nutritive Requirements of Poultry",
Canada Poultryman,  July-August,  1939.
F. M.  Clement:
"Marketing Legislation in British Columbia",
C.S.T.A. Review, No. 19: 405-410, December, 1938


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items