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The President's Report 1979-80 1980

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Array Report 1979-80
SIS: 1
The University of British Columbia The President's Report 1979-8^
The report of President Douglas T. Kenny
to the Senate and Board of Governors of the University of British Columbia
for the academic year September 1, 1979, to August 31, 1980.
The University of British Columbia To the Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia.
Ladies and Gentlemen:
During the academic year under review, the University of British Columbia left
one decade and entered another. It therefore seemed appropriate, when requesting
submissions from the deans and others who contribute to this annual compilation of
University activities, to ask for a brief summary of progress and accomplishments
during the 1970s.
I hope you will find this summary of a decade of activities as fascinating as I did.
In many ways, the composition of the student body, the structure of the curriculum
and the physical appearance of the University of B.C. have altered out of all
recognition during this 10-year period. We have made progress along the road to
maturity and excellence during this period while hewing to one of the basic goals of
the University — the provision of higher education of the highest quality for all the
citizens of the province. In fact, I am proud to say that we have become one of
Canada's most outstanding and prestigious universities.
I would be flying in the face of reality if I tried to claim that the University is not
confronted with serious and continuing problems. We still lack adequate research
funds as the result of short-sighted policies which are only now being corrected
nationally and provincially; the threat of a decline in the quality of education is
mounting as the result of formula financing and under-funding; and many of our
faculty and students continue to study and carry out research in marginal quarters
because we lack funds to replace outmoded buildings.
I remain confident that the efforts we are making to upgrade educational quality
by imposing higher entrance requirements and insisting on high standards of
achievement by our students and faculty will be reflected in continued public
support and enrolment increases in the 1980s.
As I have done in previous years, I take this opportunity to thank all those who
have advised me personally in the past year on a multitude of academic and
administrative problems. I know I speak on behalf of the Board and Senate in
voicing my gratitude to our professors and researchers, professional and
administrative staff, support staff and students for their continuing efforts to ensure
that UBC enjoys an unrivalled reputation for quality as an institution of higher
Cordially yours,
Douglas T. Kenny,
President. The President's
Report 1979-80
In the academic year under review, the
University of British Columbia left the decade
of the 1970s, a unique period in which universities everywhere had to adjust to changing circumstances, and entered the 1980s seeking self-
renewal and a new sense of purpose. In
retrospect, the 1970s will be perceived as a
period of reassessment of the achievements and
frustrations of the universities during the
previous decade.
Ten years is not a long time in the life of a
university; indeed, because the process of learning and discovery is an un-ending one, universities by their very nature have a responsibility
to keep alive the long-term view, to remind
themselves and society of the future.
But we should also, from time to time, pause
to look back. We occasionally need to determine
During the difficult decade of
the 1970s, UBC did everything
in its power to ensure that the
quality of education for its
growing student enrolment was
The President's Report 1979-80/5 One of the noteworthy changes
in the composition of the student body during the 1970s was
the growth in the number of
women enrolled for both
graduate and undergraduate
6/The President's Report 1979-80
where we stand in relation to some past
milestone, to document the major changes that
have had an impact on the fabric of the University, and to assess our strengths and weaknesses.
With this in mind I asked the deans of the
faculties and other members of the University
community who aid me in compiling this annual record of campus activity to provide an
overview of the decade 1970-80 and to describe
briefly the future directions of their academic
units in relation to the goals and objectives
outlined in the document "The Mission of the
University of British Columbia," a statement
prepared in response to a request from the
Universities Council of B.C. and made public
during the 1979-80 academic year.
It has been a salutary experience to read these
reviews of a decade which has seen UBC grapple
with a number of problems. During this period
the nature and composition of the student body
changed out of all recognition, our curriculum
was adapted to encompass new and contemporary fields of study, we continued to work on
the frontiers of knowledge despite a generally
gloomy decade of research funding and many of
our faculty and students continued to work in
sub-standard physical surroundings despite a
massive, 10-year building program that altered
the appearance of the University significantly.
While the integrity of the academic enterprise
at UBC remains fundamentally sound, we faced, and will continue to face, serious threats to
the quality of education as a result of inflation
and under-funding.
In the last half of the 1970s, particularly, we
faced a constant uphill battle to maintain funding. It seems inexplicable that at a time when
this province and nation face so many new intellectual challenges, this University, along with
other universities in Canada, is forced to embark on self-justification in order to secure its
position in provincial and national priorities.
This issue should be a matter of deep concern to
every British Columbian. Unfortunately, it
seems to be a human frailty to think of the problem only sporadically. Nevertheless, the
decade of the 1970s offers sufficient evidence
that universities can no longer hope to "muddle
along" successfully. The demand for trained
and educated minds is ever accelerating in
Canada. That is why this University is important to British Columbia and Canada.
The impact of under-funding on the University will be dealt with in greater detail later in
this section of my report and in other sections
dealing with research, capital financing and
new construction, the University Library and
continuing education. First, however, I would
like to take a few moments to outline a number
of overall trends which have had a significant
impact on the University.
The decade of the 1960s was one of unprecedented growth for UBC, characterized by
a doubling of enrolment. This rate of growth
caused some concern so that in 1970 an alarmed
UBC Senate set an upper limit on enrolment of
22,000 undergraduate and 5,000 graduate
students, 27,000 in all.
Then, without warning, universities
everywhere experienced one of the phenomena
of the '70s — a levelling off or a decline in the
number of young people seeking education at
the post-secondary level. In some constituencies
the effect of this change of attitude was
traumatic; a large number of private colleges
and universities in the United States, many of
them offering a high standard of liberal arts
education, closed their doors or watched their standards being eroded away, and universities
elsewhere, locked into formula financing closely
linked to student enrolment, began to indulge
in questionable recruiting and curricular practices which would have been unthinkable in
previous decades.
It has been a source of pride to me, as a
teacher and senior administrator at UBC during
this difficult period, that the University did not
find it necessary to deviate from the basic goal
of doing everything in its power to provide and
enhance quality education for its students.
There is, after all is said, a genuine understanding that the education of students is primary to
everything else that a leading university does.
This function is primary because it expresses the
educational footing on which each new generation of educated men and women is established.
Our provincial and national life is profoundly
shaped by this influence.
Indeed, it can probably be said that we are
the only university in Canada which has opted
to raise its admission standards in the 1970s.
These new requirements, approved in 1977, are
being phased in over a four-year period to
enable high school students to tailor their programs to them. They will be fully in place for
the 1981-82 winter session. I am convinced that
these new entrance standards will have the effect of attracting students who want quality
Let me just briefly outline some of the
changes which have taken place in the composition of the student body in the 1970s.
Our enrolment in the decade 1969-70 to
1979-80 for the daytime winter session increased
by 11.5 per cent from 20,767 to 23,616 students.
I regard this as a notable achievement in the
light of the stories which appear in the news
media from time to time pointing to the "crisis"
of declining university enrolments. Our experience unquestionably accents the fallacy of
premature assumptions of dramatic enrolment
declines. However, our significant increase is a
mixed blessing. The retrenchment in budgetary
support during this decade has meant that the
University has had to serve more students with
fewer dollars per student.
There have been increases in our continuing
education and outreach programs that can only
be described as phenomenal. The director of
the Centre for Continuing Education in 1969-70
reported 21,238 registrations for centre programs. The comparable figure for 1979-80 was
52,526 registrations, an increase of more than
100 per cent in a decade.
In 1979-80 the total number of registrations
for all UBC's academic and continuing education programs was 117,010, made up of 84,403
who participated in continuing education
courses and 32,607 who were registered for
academic programs. I hesitate to give a comparable figure for 1969-70 because the reporting methods used at that time for continuing
education programs were incomplete. But I am
prepared to assert with confidence that the
number of people who each year have contact
with the University for educational purposes has
doubled in the last decade.
There have been other noteworthy changes in
the composition of the student body. The
number   of  women   enrolled   at   the   under
graduate level increased from 39 to 47 per cent
in the decade. At the graduate level, women
now make up 41 per cent of those registered for
master's degrees, compared to 26 per cent in
1969-70; and the percentage enrolled for doctoral degrees has increased over the decade
from 16 to 28.
The age distribution within the student body
has also altered significantly. In 1979-80, 32.4
per cent, or one out of every three students, was
in the age range 26 to 60 plus, compared to 20.1
per cent, or one out of every five students, a
decade ago. The percentage of under-22s in the
student population has fallen from 57.6 per
cent a decade ago to 44.6 per cent in 1979-80.
Another interesting aspect of our enrolment
of the past decade has been the significant increase in the number of students enrolled for
credit courses on a part-time basis. In 1969-70,
only 5 per cent of our students were enrolled on
this basis; in the last academic year the comparable percentage was 16.
Looking broadly at the enrolment patterns
within the University, the decade of the 1970s
was characterized by significant increases in
registrations in professional schools, such as
Law, Commerce and Business Administration,
Forestry and Agricultural Sciences.  Only the
Despite a massive building program in the last decade, many
students and faculty members
are forced to work in substandard physical surroundings
such as old army huts brought
to the campus at the end of the
Second World War.
The President's Report 1979-80/7 For UBC researchers, the
decade of the 1970s was one of
deepening gloom followed by
several years of rising expectations.
8/The President's Report 1979-80
Faculty of Education at UBC has shown a
decline in enrolment, a decline that will mean
another serious shortage of teachers in the early
1980s as western Canada's population base increases and the public places increasing
pressures on the schools to provide specialized
teaching services. It is worth noting here that
despite the shift in enrolment patterns within
the University, the changes have not been at the
expense of the core Faculties of Arts and
Science, which have continued to experience
stable or rising enrolments.
Later in this section of my annual report, I
will reproduce excerpts from the reports of the
deans that bear on other important aspects of
University activity during the decade, notably
research and changes in the curriculum.
Before turning to those areas, let me briefly
describe the changes that have taken place in
the physical appearance of the campus in the
last decade. In 1969-70 the University was just
beginning a massive expansion of its facilities.
In that year, additions to the Biological Sciences
Building, the Woodward Library and the
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre were under
construction, a new gymnasium complex was
taking shape on Thunderbird Boulevard, and
the $36 million TRIUMF project was being
built in the south campus research area.
During that academic year, plans were set in
motion for the new Sedgewick Undergraduate
Library, a new Geological Sciences Centre, the
Walter Gage Residence, the P.A. Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre, the Buchanan
Tower and a new Civil and Mechanical
Engineering Building.
In the ensuing years, the University added
another wing to the Biological Sciences
Building, constructed a $2.8 million Animal
Care Facility on the south campus, created a
new centre for the Department of Anthropology
and Sociology adjacent to the splendid new
Museum of Anthropology, built a facility to
house the B.C. Mental Retardation Institute,
completed the Health Sciences Centre by expanding the basic medical sciences buildings
and constructing extended care and acute care
units, improved campus athletic and recreational facilities by building the new Aquatic
Centre (with financial aid from students and the
community) and added a new Library Processing Centre to its inventory of buildings.
In short, it was a period of physical construction rivalled only by that which took place on
campus immediately following the Second
World War.
I would like to be able to say that this
building program has eliminated most of our
pressing need for new facilities. But the fact is
that we still have on the campus some 100 of the
converted army huts brought to Point Grey
following the Second World War, and many of
our basic science departments, notably
Chemistry, and professional schools — Commerce and Business Administration,
Agricultural Sciences and Forestry — occupy
overcrowded facilities resulting from significant
enrolment increases. I can only reiterate here
what I have said in previous reports — first-class
academic work cannot flourish and expand in
sub-standard quarters. We have before the
Universities Council proposals to rectify many of
our physical shortcomings and we shall continue
to press on that body the need for funds that will enable us to upgrade our facilities and our
academic program.
Finally, before I reproduce excerpts from the
reports of the deans, let me say a few words
about the reorganization of university-
government relations and the financing of
universities which took place during the 1970s.
The new Universities Act which came into force
in 1974, while it did little to alter the internal
governance of universities, has had one major
effect — it has interposed between higher
education and government an intermediary
body, the Universities Council of B.C.
The Council performs two major functions: it
submits to government annually a request for
operating funds for the three public universities
and it divides among the universities the money
it receives from government.
In my judgment, the public universities have
become vulnerable to the impact of inflation
and increasing financial constraints because
they are now unable to make direct contact with
government in order to argue directly their case
for adequate funding. To this date, there is no
doubt in my mind that the submissions made by
the Council to government do not adequately
reflect the true costs of operating this comprehensive University. I sincerely hope that a
formal procedure for reviewing our requests
with government can be found.
Another aspect of funding policy that has
worked to UBC's detriment in recent years is the
use of a formula for allocating the operating
grant received from government. This situation
would not be as urgent if the UCBC requests
that go forward annually to Victoria reflected
the genuine costs of operating a university,
especially one with many professional facilities.
The operating grant received by the University for 1980-81 represented an increase of 8.7 per
cent, well below the academic inflation rate,
which has seen the cost of books, professional
supplies and utilities increase by as much as 14
to 20 per cent in the last academic year. When
line items allocated by UCBC are deducted
from the 1980-81 operating budget, the general
increase becomes 7.9 per cent.
The consequences and problems generated
by this under-funding are legion. By the end of
the next fiscal year (March 31, 1981) we will be
forced to reduce our continuing payroll base by
at least $2.1 million. When that process is completed, it will bring to almost $7 million the
amount UBC has had to remove from its operating budgets since 1976-77 — probably a
record-setting retrenchment made by a Canadian university in that period.
In an indirect way, the University is also
penalized because of its success in attracting
grants for research, which stimulates better
teaching and provides long-term benefits for
society. The indirect costs of research are not
funded by the granting agencies and must come
from the operating budget. Similarly, the servicing of new campus buildings also affects the
operating budget. Provision is made for the
capital funding necessary to erect a building,
but adequate funds are not provided for operation and maintenance.
In dozens of large and small ways, limited
resources are threatening to erode the quality of
education we are able to provide for our increas
ing student enrolment as well as institutional
vitality, strength and diversity. I am certain that
no one in government, and most certainly not
the B.C. public, wishes to see the University
diminish in quality. But there is no question in
my mind that quality will be threatened in the
not too distant future if our operating budget
remains unstable as a consequence of inflation
and under-funding. At worst, continuation of
this financial jeopardy could lead to a point
where agonizing decisions will have to be made
about the elimination of certain programs,
perhaps even certain departments or faculties.
It is my hope that we will never have to imperil
the future of our nation and our young people
by giving such action serious consideration.
The evolution of funding arrangements for
provincial universities has involved both levels of
government, provincial and federal. History
will, I believe, write that in the main federal
participation was appropriate because of the
long-term benefits it brought to the nation.
Without federal involvement, Canada would
not now possess a network of many excellent
universities. Taken together, funding by two
levels of government has provided increased
strength for universities by reducing their
vulnerability to one "paymaster."
Canadian universities are, however, not
unaware of the immense uncertainties involved
in these funding arrangements. They have no illusions about what a federal withdrawal would
mean for higher education. In my judgment,
such a withdrawal would be an unimaginable
catastrophe because of the magnitude of federal
Unfortunately, many citizens are not aware of
the enormous increases in federal funding to
our universities since the Second World War. In
concrete terms:
• After the war, the federal government
paid universities $150 for each enrolled veteran;
• From 1951 to 1967, the federal government provided direct support to universities in
terms of a per capita grant based on provincial
• From 1968 to 1977, direct grants from
Ottawa to universities were discontinued and
replaced by payments to provincial governments based on the operating expenditures of
post-secondary institutions. Under this scheme,
Ottawa was generally responsible for half of the
operating costs of higher education. Regrettably, this arrangement was abandoned in 1977
because of a significant federal policy change;
• Under the "Established Programs Financing" scheme in force since 1977, federal government support is no longer based on the
operating costs of post-secondary institutions,
but involves a transfer of tax points and an annual cash payment to the provinces. Much to
the consternation of Canadian universities, the
federal government imposed no legal conditions
on the provinces on how these transfers could be
used. These arrangements are effective until
April, 1982, and will be up for renegotiation in
the spring of 1981.
I cannot emphasize too strongly that this indirect federal funding of university education is
of paramount importance. This need is clearly
recognized by the University community. But
recognition is not a reason for complacency in
The President's Report 1979-80/9 ESTABLISHED PROGRAMS FINANCING (1977)
Post-Secondary Education 1980-
%     45.901
$     27,945
$     73.846
Prince Edward Inland
Nova Scotia
New Brunswick
M.I 111 Hltl J
Vl'.k.ili li. .-■  Ill
IIthiOi (Columbia
is.. :- „■
Northwest TcrritoriM
Education Support Prugranu Branch, Secretary of State, July, 1980,
10/The President's Report 1979-80
times of fiscal restraint and troubled relations
between the two levels of government. The outcome of these negotiations will shape the 1980s.
The table on this page sets out the amounts
which it is estimated the federal government
will spend for post-secondary education in
For 1980-81 the transfer from Ottawa in
terms of tax points is $1.3 billion, plus cash
payments of $1.6 billion, for a total of more
than $3 billion. For British Columbia, funding
from Ottawa for post-secondary education will
be more than $335 million.
Few people realize the importance of federal
involvement in our universities. Federal
authorities have already indicated to the provinces that they expect to achieve significant
savings in these transfers to the provinces in
order to reduce the national deficit. Moreover,
the federal government may withdraw its support of higher education in areas of perceived
provincial jurisdiction.
Obviously, when this program comes up for
renewal and negotiation, universities hope that
they will be consulted because of the key role
they play in the life of Canada. These negotiations will be a time of great educational
challenge and opportunity for Canada. If the
federal and provincial governments meet the
challenge in a forthright and courageous way,
Canadian universities will be able to ascend to
even higher levels of excellence; if the two levels
of government do not, the universities could slip
into a steady decline toward academic mediocrity. Federal government withdrawal from indirect funding of universities would be shortsighted and gravely damaging to the long-term
interests of Canada. This issue is not an esoteric
debating point to be thrashed out solely by
finance ministers. Leaders of business, unions,
and education must assume part of the responsibility for making governments aware of the
benefits of strong Canadian institutions of
higher education. They are a basic national
The material which follows has been excerp
ted from the reports of the deans of the 12
faculties in response to my request for a brief
review of developments in the 1969-70/1979-80
decade and the outlook for the future in relation to goals and objectives outlined in "The
Mission of the University of British Columbia."
Warren Kitts points to an increase of almost 100
per cent in enrolment in his faculty in the last
decade from 210 to 403 undergraduates and an
increase of 163 students in graduate studies.
The faculty introduced a major curriculum
change in the last academic year and during the
decade added the following new programs: a
new degree program in Landscape Architecture; a rangeland resources option, initially in
Plant Science, later expanded to Soil Science,
Animal Science and Agricultural Economics;
specialization within Soil Science in forest soils,
biometeorology, hydrology, remote sensing and
land reclamation; establishment of a Department of Food Science; introduction of a program in wildlife management in Animal
Science; a change in emphasis and name
resulting in the creation of a Department of Bio-
Resource Engineering to encompass the
renewable resource areas of agriculture,
aquaculture, and food process engineering; and
development in Agricultural Economics of options in farm management and production,
agribusiness and marketing and agricultural
resource economics and development.
Research funds in the faculty more than
quadrupled in the decade to more than $2.9
million to support some 230 projects, including
40 field studies off the campus. The faculty's expanded public service activities included initiation of services by faculty and students to provide advice to the public on food and horticulture.
As t'o the next decade, Dean Kitts sees public
service through continuing education and other
services as a continuing priority. The faculty
will seek to develop a co-operative program with
industry to enable students to gain practical ex- perience, and a Master of Agriculture degree is
planned to provide agricultural professionals
with additional training. To accomplish its mission, the faculty will need more classroom,
laboratory, study and office space.
APPLIED SCIENCE. During the decade of
the 1970s, the faculty completed its physical
move from the central campus core to new
quarters to the south, thus bringing all the
engineering departments in close proximity to
one another. The undergraduate student
population grew to record levels (excluding the
immediate post-Second World War enrolment
boom) and the faculty is experiencing overcrowding even in its new facilities. Major
academic initiatives in recent years were the
establishment of the presence of the Pulp and
Paper Research Institute of Canada in the
Department of Chemical Engineering and the
major commitment made by the University to
the development of coal technology, which will
lead to collaboration with departments in the
Faculty of Science.
The faculty has begun preparation of a major
plan for the development of engineering education aimed at stimulating primary and secondary technology in B.C. This will require construction to overcome a significant lack of space
in some engineering departments, further
development of the curriculum in areas of
special interest to Canada, upgrading of the
faculty (some of whom are being lured to industry by salaries far higher than the University
is capable of paying), and expansion of opportunities for graduate work.
The School of Architecture entered the '70s
with an entirely new curriculum which has proven to be very effective in providing a responsive
and personalized education for students preparing for a professional career. During the last
academic year the school has undergone an in-
depth review of its program and is preparing a
development plan for the '80s in line with the
Mission Statement.
ARTS. The faculty, says Dean Robert Will,
"looks back on the 1970s as a period of consolidation and reassessment of gains made during the previous decade when the faculty went
through the most explosive period of expansion
and transformation in its history. ...the past
decade, and more particularly the years since
1975, have seen some basic rethinking, by both
students and faculty, about the role and value
of graduate study, especially in the light of the
reduced job opportunities in university
teaching, government and research. The
undergraduate program has also come under
scrutiny as graduating students found it increasingly difficult to find positions that matched
both their expectations and qualifications. Yet
despite a less than favorable employment
climate...student numbers...have remained
surprisingly stable in recent years after a decline
from peaks reached in the late 1960s and early
Dean Will expects the faculty's development
in the 1980s will be more qualitative than quantitative. The generation of new courses is now
tempered by the reality of a new financial
climate, with the result that new courses are
more often than not approved as a replacement
for courses being deleted from the curriculum.
There is, however, need for new courses to fill in
gaps in existing programs.
In accordance with the faculty's mission statement, Dean Will adds, new initiatives requiring
earmarked or specific funding from the Universities Council are being undertaken and will
continue on a modest scale throughout the
1980s. New programs initiated in this way are
likely to be in the area of the creative and performing arts, but not exclusively so.
faculty made "significant advances on all
fronts" in the 1970s in terms of degree programs, research, professional education and
public service. The enrolment of full-time
undergraduates increased by 70 per cent over
the decade and graduate enrolment grew by 90
per cent. The faculty's student body composition, like that of the University as a whole,
altered dramatically. Women made up only 5
per cent of enrolment in 1969-70; in the current
academic year women made up 30 per cent of
New faculty attracted to the University during the decade "have brought international attention to (Commerce and Business Administration) in many areas. Our programs in finance,
transportation and urban land economics are
acknowledged internationally as being in the
first rank of equivalent programs to be found
anywhere." He also points to the increased commitment by the faculty to professional continuing education "of the highest quality," an area
that attracted more than 1,800 executives to 80
programs in 1979-80 alone.
Dean Lusztig says the faculty's pursuit of
quality will be severely hampered if it is unable
to add qualified faculty members and if it continues to experience space shortages, which are
beginning to be critical. He looks forward to an
expansion of research activities to take advantage of increasing federal government support
and the exploration of new links with institutions on mainland China to fulfill the faculty's
vision as a Pacific Rim educational resource.
The Faculty of Applied Science
is preparing a plan for the
development of engineering
education aimed at stimulating
primary and secondary technology in B. C.
The President's Report 1979-80/11 UBC's Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration,
headed by Dean Peter Lusztig,
far right, is developing new
links with institutions on
mainland China to fulfill the
faculty's vision as a Pacific Rim
educational resource. During
the academic year, President
Douglas Kenny, left, announced the establishment of a
special fellowship to enable a
senior scholar from China to
spend up to four months at
UBC in 1980-81. The scholar
will be selected by Rong Yiren,
centre, chairman and president
of the China International
Trust and Investment Corporation, which facilitates foreign
investment in China.
12/The President's Report 1979-80
The faculty is also endeavoring to expand
graduate programs in the light of growing
demands for individuals trained in management
education and looks forward to drawing on the
expertise of its Advisory Council, formed during
the 1970s, to cope with the increasing demands
of the 1980s.
DENTISTRY. Dean George Beagrie reports
that during the 1970s the faculty accomplished
the development of a strong foundation for the
undergraduate teaching program and in the latter part of the decade turned its attention to
graduate and post-graduate education. A
specialty diploma with a Master of Science option in periodontology was introduced and in
1979-80 a combined degree of Doctor of Dental
Medicine/Master of Science was started as a
pilot project after successful negotiations with
the Faculty of Graduate Studies. This approach
is expected to broaden the research approach of
the faculty. Other recent notable developments
include establishment of an oral pathology/oral
biopsy service, and the introduction of a
graduate and post-graduate division.
The dental faculty intends to introduce in the
next few years a program leading to the degree
of Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene and
there has been considerable interaction between
the faculty and Douglas College with a view to
developing a community-based training area in
dental hygiene.
Dentistry has been given a new focus with the
completion of the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital. A Department of Dentistry has been
formed within the complex to provide general
dental treatment for hospital patients and the
next few years should see the formation of
similar departments in other hospitals with
which the faculty will become affiliated. There
are plans also to develop a craniofacial
anomalies centre and a facial pain centre to
serve as specialty treatment centres for the province. There is a need also to extend preventive
services for control of dental caries and
periodontal diseases during the 1980s, with particular emphasis on the identification of risk
groups in the population. Continuing Dental
Education continues to have a high priority in
the faculty, Dean Beagie says, and it is expected
UBC will act as a major centre for this activity
for the Pacific Rim as well as for other areas of
the world.
EDUCATION. There were some notable
developments in this faculty during the decade
under review. In 1970, UBC became the first
Canadian university to set a bachelor's degree as
the minimum requirement for teaching in the
elementary grades. The faculty subsequently
experimented successfully with alternative
methods of preparing teachers through a variety
of programs, notably Community Education
and the Native Indian Teacher Education Program. The faculty also co-operated with the
Yukon government to establish three years of
teacher education for students in that territory.
The faculty anticipated future needs by initiating graduate and diploma programs to
prepare adult educators. The doctoral program
in adult education is one of only three offered in
Canada. The success of all programs for
graduate students is illustrated by the fact that
over the past 10 years the number of candidates
registered for master's and doctoral degrees has
more than tripled. Other developments included establishment of the Education Research
Service Centre to provide faculty and students
with * advice and guidance about research
retrieval and design and data analysis, and the
Centre for the Study of Curriculum and Instruction, which draws together faculty and graduate
students to investigate the history, development,
implementation and assessment of curricula. In
previous reports, I have drawn attention to the
faculty's significant contribution to in-service
education of teachers, a program which in
1979-80 provided 151 courses attended by 1,328
teachers in 42 school districts beyond the lower
Frasei" Valley, a 32 per cent increase over the
previous year.
Stemming from a review of the faculty,
described in detail in my last annual report, was
a decision in January, 1980, by the faculty to departmentalize, which involved melding 22
quasi departments into seven official departments and one division.
In the coming decade the faculty proposes to
train more students in the field of counselling to
work in schools and other agencies and with
women, adults, immigrants and the handicapped; assist in the preparation of curricula and
personnel for infant, nursery and daycare programs; extend diagnostic and remedial services
in such areas as science, mathematics, language
and reading and learning disabilities; and increase its involvement in programs in correctional institutions, among other things.
To carry out this mission, Acting Dean Roy
Bentley says in his submission, increased funding is needed to extend graduate programs
and research activities, provide better library
facilities, and expand physical facilities.
FORESTRY. Student enrolment and the size
of the teaching and research staff in Forestry increased significantly during the 1970s, reflecting increased concern about the bellwether industry of the province. The faculty began the
decade with a totally restructured curriculum.
A stepped-up information program to high
schools emphasizing career opportunities
resulted in annual graduating-class sizes increasing from the 40-50 range to the 60-80
range. In the same period, women began to
enrol in the faculty and their numbers have
grown steadily until they now represent 23 per
cent of the total undergraduate enrolment. The
faculty graduated 639 students during the
decade, which represents 40 per cent of the total
forestry graduates since 1921.
The teaching and research staff in Forestry
increased in size from 25 to 40 over the decade.
The additions ensured more balanced instruction in forest resources and environmental
management and provided new expertise in
such areas as fisheries biology, land, range and
wildlife management, remote sensing, silviculture, wood science and resource economics.
The recent developments in forestry in the
province, including a new Forest Act and the
expansion of the provincial Forest Service,
which stem from the 1976 report of UBC
resource economist Prof. Peter Pearse, present a
new challenge for the UBC forestry faculty. If
the provincial objective of a viable forest industry for B.C. is to be met, the faculty must increase its on-campus enrolment and continue to
expand its embryonic continuing education
program. Forestry will require an infusion of
resources to provide new physical facilities and
additional faculty for an enlarged enrolment
and an already active research program.
characterizes the 1960s as "a period of rapid
growth in enrolment and proliferation of
graduate programs," while the decade of the
'70s is described as one of "enrolment decline
and recovery and consolidation of graduate offerings."
In December, 1970, graduate enrolment was
2,810, including 1,079 doctoral students; four
years later graduate enrolment had declined to
2,666 students, including 890 doctoral candidates; and in December, 1979, total graduate
enrolment stood at 3,293, including 870 doctoral students. By broad subject area, the 1970s
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witnessed a sharp decline in graduate enrolment
in the humanities and pure sciences, but an increase, particularly at the master's level, in the
professional areas, especially Education and
Commerce and Business Administration. The
social sciences were in between these extremes,
reflecting their relatively late emergence in
Canadian universities.
Despite the problems associated with research
funding, there was a steady diversification of
offerings during the 1970s. The number of
graduate areas of study UBC offers increased
from 80 to 94, the number of different kinds of
degrees offered increased from 14 to 18, and the
number of departments offering doctoral programs increased from 47 to 65 in the decade.
Prof. Peter Pearse, the noted
resource economist who now
holds a joint appointment in
economics and forestry at
UBC, was honored by the
Association of B.C. Professional Foresters in 1979 for his
royal commission report of
1976 which resulted in a new
Forest Act for the province.
The President's Report 1979-80/13 14/The President's Report 1979-80
Dean Larkin comments: "More important than
these statistics were the many changes in course
offerings, the growth in departmental experience and facilities and many other less visible changes that come with consolidation. The
graduate programs at UBC are much better in
quality now than they were at the end of the
1960s decade of rapid expansion. The same
trends will continue in the 1980s, with a slow
and steady growth in offerings and departmental capacities."
Dean Larkin also characterizes the 1970s as a
decade of great interest in "interdisciplinary
studies," a trend to which UBC responded conservatively, continuing to stress the desirability
of strength in at least one discipline before embarking on projects that required strength in
two or more directions. "This approach," says
Dean Larkin in his annual report, "as judged by
its results, has been particularly sound and UBC
has avoided much of the institutionalized
fadism that has come home to roost for many
other North American universities."
In this context there has been a continuing
evolution and change in the various graduate
institutes and centres. Of the six units reporting
to the dean in 1970, only two today remain as
they were then — the School of Community
and Regional Planning and the Institute of
International Relations. The Institute of
Oceanography has become a department in the
Faculty of Science, the Institute of Fisheries has
been incorporated into the Institute of Animal
Resource Ecology, Asian and Slavonic Research
has become the Institute of Asian Research, and
Industrial Relations is currently dormant pending a reorganization. Added to the spectrum of
Graduate Studies during this same period were
the Westwater Research Centre, the Institute of
Applied Mathematics and Statistics, the Centre
for Transportation Studies, the Centre for
Human Settlements (an outgrowth of the international Habitat conference held in Vancouver
in 1976, the Centre for Coal Research, and programs in resource management science, clinical
engineering and soil dynamics research. "This
kind of rapid change and turnover is to be expected as the University embarks on new ventures," says Dean Larkin, "many of which are
eventually rolled into the permanent fabric of
the University. It can be expected that the same
trend will continue into the 1980s as the frontiers of knowledge are progressively expanded."
Other important trends noted by Dean
Larkin are the effort which has been made to
encourage more mature citizens to upgrade
their qualifications and the enhancement of collaboration among the various sectors of society
— industry, government and University. These
two trends have intersected significantly, and in
the professional areas especially have resulted
in major growth in the number of part-time
students at the master's level and a substantial
increase in institutional co-operation.
In the 1980s, says Dean Larkin, "it is expected that graduate enrolments will increase
gradually across the whole spectrum of subject
areas, with the greatest growth in the professionally oriented fields." By projecting current
trends in graduate enrolment, he says, "there is
good reason to expect that the 1980s will be the
decade in which graduate enrolment increases
to 6,000 as was projected in the early 1960s as
the likely level in the 1970s."
LAW. The Faculty of Law is pursuing three
concurrent objectives, Dean Kenneth Lysyk says
in his submission. The first, and the one pursued through the 1970s, is the consolidation and
development of existing programs. The past
decade was a period of rapid expansion for the
faculty, one in which student enrolment quickly
reached the planned maximum level. Since
then, the number of fully qualified applicants
for admission has exceeded the number of
places available several times over.
A second broad objective is to achieve greater
integration of conceptual and applied approaches to legal education. Some important initiatives in this area include the clinical programs and courses in counselling and advocacy,
and "applied-law" experiments which are now
firmly based in the faculty's curriculum and
which have gained the law school a reputation
as a leader in the field. A number of important
developments in the teaching of advocacy are
either in place or planned: an intensive program
in trial and appelate practice is being experimented with; the faculty sponsors an advocacy workshop for members of the practising
bar in association with the Continuing Legal
Education Society of B.C.; students are given
the opportunity to observe advocacy in practice
through a courtroom facility in the Law
Building; and a direct closed-circuit television
link with the Vancouver Courthouse is being
developed so that students may observe trials in
progress. Establishment of this link will make
UBC the first law school in Canada to have such
a facility.
The faculty's third broad objective is to
develop programs responsive to national and
provincial needs and priorities. An example of a
development of this type is the proposed program in Japanese law, reflecting the growing
economic importance, for B.C. particularly, of
Japanese relations with Canada. Another example is the Native Law Program which is responding to the needs of Canada's Indians. This has
required a flexible admissions policy, development of special tutorials for Native Indian
students and participation by faculty in
province-wide meetings to bring the program to
the attention of native people. In the 1980s, the
law school also plans to place a high priority on
expanding and strengthening its graduate program.
MEDICINE. The major thrust of academic
and physical development for the Faculty of
Medicine in the 1970s centred on the construction of the Health Sciences Centre, which is
linked to the phased expansion of enrolment in
medicine leading eventually to a doubling of the
first-year class to 160 students. A total of 120
students will be admitted in the fall of 1980. A
description of the growth and development of
the Health Sciences Centre during the last
decade is included in a special section of this
report and was occasioned by the official opening ceremony for the complex in May, 1980.
The Walter Koerner Acute Care Unit, the final
building making up the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital, will admit its first patients in
September of 1980.
PHARMACEUTICAL    SCIENCES.    Dean Bernard Riedel lists the following items as indicative of the significant changes which have
taken place in Pharmaceutical Sciences over the
past decade: enrolment has almost doubled
from 184 to 359 students; the graduate program
has developed rapidly with a near doubling of
students registered for advanced degrees; a near
sevenfold increase in research funds saw
$1,022,641 available in 1980, compared to
$152,870 in 1970; and faculty strength has increased fourfold.
The undergraduate program altered greatly
during the decade with concentration on
development of a clinical program leading to a
considerable change of emphasis for graduating
students. The faculty's clinical program is
recognized as one of the best in Canada, Dean
Riedel says. Other notable developments during
the decade were initiation of one of UBC's most
valuable public-service projects, the Drug and
Poison Information Centre, which is also an active teaching and research centre, and development of a program of radioisotope development
and research in association with the TRIUMF
Project and the medical faculty's division of
nuclear medicine. The prospect of work in the
field of positron emission tomography, described in greater detail in a later section of this
report under The Health Sciences, opens up
new research possibilities for the faculty.
SCIENCE. As one of the "core" faculties of
the University, the Faculty of Science plays a
central role in the University through the instruction it provides to students registered in all
faculties but Law, and serves as an initial training ground for many students planning careers
in the professions. Its research program is very
wide-ranging and encompasses both basic and
applied research.
A Faculty of Science review committee which
reported to me in the 1979-80 academic year
said that as judged from both inside and outside
the University, UBC's faculty "ranks as a
leading Science Faculty." The report noted that
the average number of research papers already
published by each faculty member is 34, that
the average number published in the last five
years was 12, and that research funds awarded
to members of the faculty in 1978-79 were of
the order of 60 per cent of the faculty's professional salaries budget.
The faculty entered the 1970s with all its present departments in existence in one form or
another. During the decade, the Department of
Geology changed its name to the Department of
Geological Sciences and a developing astronomy
program became part of the offerings of the
Department of Geophysics and Astronomy. The
former Institute of Oceanography was incorporated into Science as a department in 1979.
Curriculum alterations which took place during
the decade are too numerous to mention; in the
many disciplines which make up this faculty
knowledge expands at an extraordinary rate
and curriculum committees are hard pressed to
ensure that academic programs reflect advances
in science.
It is not surprising, given the size and com-
Significant changes in the
Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences during the 1970s included a near doubling of student enrolment, a near sevenfold increase in research funding and a fourfold increase in
faculty strength.
The President's Report 1979-80/15 A review completed in the last
academic year said the UBC
Faculty of Science ranks as a
"leading Science Faculty, " and
made suggestions for changes
to enable it to reach its full
16/The President's Report 1979-80
plexity of the Faculty of Science, that the review
committee found shortcomings in the faculty
and reported that it would not reach its full
potential until a number of serious problems are
recognized and remedied.
These problems have to do with the science
faculty's curriculum, especially at the first
year level, shortcomings in counselling for
students, the allocation of resources within the
faculty and relationships with the Faculty of
Graduate Studies as a result of the large amount
of money which the science faculty receives for
the support of research. The new dean of the
faculty, Prof. Cyril Finnegan, is taking steps to
deal with the problem areas identified by the
review committee.
This is the second of three major faculty
reviews which I have initiated as part of an
overall plan designed to improve the quality of
education at UBC. A review of the Faculty of
Education was completed in the last academic
year and the Faculty of Forestry is currently
under review.
BOTANICAL GARDEN. Although it is not
a faculty, I have chosen to describe briefly the
development of the Botanical Garden in this
section because the decade of the 1970s was probably the most important one for its growth and
expansion. The vigorous 10-year development
program initiated under garden director Dr.
Roy Taylor in 1971 has seen the establishment
of the theme "Plants and Man" and a three
pronged objective encompassing research,
teaching and public education (this latter function is described in the section of this report on
Public Service).
Since 1971 such new facilities as the B.C.
Native Garden and the Alpine and Physick
Gardens have been established on the south
campus in the vicinity of Thunderbird Stadium,
and a five-acre research and production nursery
and a propogation facility to serve academic
departments and produce new plant materials
for industry and the garden itself have been
Dr. Taylor, in his annual report, says it is anticipated that by 1981 all major phases of the
garden development will essentially be complete
with the exception of the proposed research and
administration building on the south garden
site. The staff of the garden will, in the fall of
1980, commence an assessment and evaluation
of a new five-year development program for the
1981-86 period. "This assessment," he says,
"will not only enable the institution to better
meet the needs of users both internally and externally, but will provide an overall basis for a
systematic and logical development of programs
within the Botanical Garden." The decade of the 1970s, so far as research is
concerned, was one of deepening gloom followed by several years of rising expectations.
The federal government, early in the decade,
adopted a hold-the-line policy on research
funding, a policy which I described in previous
reports as short-sighted and hazardous. This
policy, coupled with inflationary pressures,
placed all of Canada's university research effort
in jeopardy and, in my view and that of other
senior administrators and scientific leaders, imperilled the future of this country.
The effects of the policy were clearly felt on
the UBC campus. Some faculty members found
their research grants cut to dangerously low
levels or withdrawn completely, young faculty
members drawn to the academic world by the
prospects of a career in research and teaching
found they were unable to obtain any funds to
begin new projects; technical support staff,
many of them highly skilled, had to find
employment elsewhere; and there is no doubt in
my mind that University enrolment was affected
because of the close link between research funding and graduate student enrolment. By denying young Canadians access to university
academic and research facilities, governments
have created a manpower gap that will seriously
affect universities and the economy in the
future. One of the major functions of research is
to train the next generation of scholars who will
develop innovative ideas and techniques for
Canadian society and staff university
classrooms. Over the next decade or two, it
seems likely that the trained workforce Canada
will need for these functions will not come on-
stream at the appropriate time. And I have no
hesitation in saying that Canada's future is likely
to be seriously affected as a result.
Admittedly, the decade of the 1970s was a
difficult period for governments because of rising costs and inflation. The point I wish to make
here is that it is precisely in times of difficulty
that the need for research is greatest. It is a time
when we need new information to strengthen
the long-range development of our natural and
human resources, not just in the pure and applied sciences but in the social sciences and
humanities as well.
It is only in the last three years or so that the
federal and provincial governments have taken
steps to shore up Canada's sagging research effort. In 1980, the federal government will increase its spending for research in the natural
sciences by some $155 million and increase support for awards to promising doctoral students.
Ottawa has promised that by the middle of the
1980s, research spending will account for 1.5
per cent of the gross national product. Currently, Canada spends only 0.94 per cent of its $260
billion GNP on research, about half the proportion spent by such countries as Switzerland and
For 1980-81, the budget of the Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research Council was
increased by 35 per cent to $162.6 million, the
Medical Research Council's budget was boosted
by 17 per cent to $82.2 million, and a similar
percentage increase gave the Social Sciences
and Humanities Research Council a budget of
$41.7 million.
This turnaround in government policy has
been reflected in research funding at UBC.
Over the past five years grants for research have
nearly doubled from $16 million to $31.3
million in the 1979-80 fiscal year. The 1979-80
total is a 21 per cent increase over the previous
fiscal year and marks the third consecutive year
in which research-award increases exceeded 20
per cent.
Dr. Richard Spratley, the University's
research administrator, points out a notable
shift in the source of research funds over the
past five years in his annual report. Federal support (from federal government departments
and national councils which receive funds
directly from the federal government) is now
only 59 per cent of the total, down from 75 per
cent in the early 1970s. And provincial support,
through the B.C. Health Sciences Research
Fund and the Science Council of B.C., has increased dramatically by nearly 500 per cent
since 1975-76.
Another overall trend of the past five years is
A turnaround in government
policy has resulted in a near
doubling of support for research at UBC over the last five
The President's Report 1979-80/17 18/The President's Report 1979-80
that funding for the health sciences, social
sciences and humanities increased more rapidly
than did grants for other disciplines. Increases
for the humanities and social sciences were of
the order of 150 per cent, and 130 per cent for
the health sciences in the past five years. In the
same period, increases for research in the
natural sciences were of the order of 85 per cent
and for the applied sciences of 70 per cent.
There have also been dramatic increases in
research funding over the past five years in the
Faculty of Education (up 238 per cent),
Pharmaceutical Sciences (up 328 per cent) and
Agricultural Sciences (up 164 per cent). A five-
year increase of 370 per cent in funding in the
Department of Medicine in the Faculty of
Medicine has made it the highest funded
department at UBC with a total of $2.32 million
in 1979-80.
Five UBC faculties received research funds in
excess of $2 million in 1979-80, compared to only two faculties five years ago. The Faculties of
Medicine ($9,636,791) and Science
($9,601,318) topped the list in 1979-80. Other
faculties which received more than $2 million in
the last fiscal year were Applied Science —
$2,549,662, Agricultural Sciences —
$2,354,028 and Arts - $2,266,294. Six UBC
departments — five in the natural sciences and
one in the health sciences — were each awarded
grants in excess of $1 million in 1979-80.
Another aspect of the reawakening federal interest in research funding is the involvement of
two UBC faculty members in the work of a national committee which will make recommendations on the provision of funds for new research
equipment in Canadian universities. Prof. Fred
Siller of the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration is the chairman of a 10-member
task force appointed by the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council to report on
funding priorities for university research equipment and to recommend the most efficient use
of equipment. A second member of the task
force, Prof. Myer Bloom of UBC's physics
department, has primarily been responsible for
analysing the results of a questionnaire
distributed to natural and applied science
departments at 16 Canadian universities.
Establishment of the task force was an
outgrowth of recommendations made in a five-
year plan prepared by NSERC on the funding
of university research. One of the major problems cited in the report was the inability of
many researchers to carry out advanced work
because of the outdated nature of research
The increased activity in research is reflected
in the annual reports of the deans of the University's 12 faculties. It would take many more
pages than make up this report to record all the
projects under way at present. I have chosen a
representative selection from each faculty to indicate the range and variety of work that is
enriching our scientific and cultural resources.
this faculty were up 25 per cent in 1979-80 over
the previous fiscal year to support some 230
separate projects, which Dean Warren Kitts says
are highly relevant from a national and international point of view or are aimed at solving
unique regional problems in B.C.  In effect,
Dean Kitts adds, the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences serves as the research arm of the provincial Ministry of Food and Agriculture.
Research projects are by no means confined to
the UBC campus; 40 involve studies and field
work outside the Lower Mainland and the
faculty also makes use of ancillary research
facilities at its research farm at Oyster River on
Vancouver Island. All this activity resulted in
faculty members contributing three chapters to
books, publishing 89 papers in refereed journals, preparing 74 reports, reviews, monographs, bulletins and articles, and presenting 53
papers and abstracts at conferences.
Projects of note include: studies on stabilization schemes in the B.C. beef industry by Dr.
George Kennedy; studies on the use of solar heat
in greenhouses by Prof. L.M. Staley; testing of a
wide variety of food and food products as health
hazards by Prof. W.D. Powrie in co-operation
with the B.C. Cancer Research Centre; studies
on paralytic shellfish poisoning in Food Science;
a study of Vancouver's waterfront with the aim
of making design and landscape recommendations to maximize the scenic value of that area;
and the use of remote sensing to assess the impact of off-road vehicles on open range lands in
APPLIED SCIENCE. In the Department of
Chemical Engineering, Colin Oloman has
developed a new process for production of
hydrogen peroxide at pulp and paper mills,
thus holding out the hope for considerable cost
reductions for that industry. Chemical and
metallurgical engineers are co-operating in a
program of research and testing of rotary kilns
which has drawn international interest from industry.
In Civil Engineering, Dr. W.K. Oldham's
work on the biological removal of nutrients
from sewage has led to acceptance of this process for a new treatment plant now being
designed for the City of Kelowna. Two other
B.C. cities — Vernon and Cranbrook — are using another waste management method
developed by Dr. Oldham involving application
of treated sewage to dry-land areas for the production of cash crops, thereby reducing the load
of undesirable impurities entering nearby lakes.
The electrical engineering department is active in the fields of applied electromagnetics,
biomedical engineering, communications and
signal processing, computer applications and
digital and power systems engineering. Prof.
E.V. Jull is advising Transport Canada on the
minimization of interference to instrument
landing systems and radar systems due to airport buildings and Dr. Michael Beddoes continues his work on development of aids for the
blind. The work of Dr. D.F. Schrack in developing a language for computer graphics has attracted interest, particularly in Europe, and
Prof. Hermann Dommel has become the central
figure in an international group of power
systems analysts making use of a new program
which he developed.
In the Department of Mechanical Engineering, research on wind-induced oscillation of
towers and tall buildings is being carried out by
Prof. Geoffrey Parkinson; Dr. Ian Gartshore is
testing building models in wind tunnels to
determine what strength of windows should be specified for Vancouver buildings; Dr. T.N.
Adams is working on the question of on-site coal
gasification, which has economic and environmental advantages over traditional mining
and surface gasification; Prof. Norman Eley is
studying explosion-proofing of diesel exhaust
systems and explosion risks in coal mines due to
frictional or impact heating; Dr. R.E.
McKechnie has been active with students in a
number of innovative projects, including design
of a one-handed can opener for the handicapped, solar heating of swimming pools, and the
application of microcomputers to engineering
problems; Dr. G.W. Vickers has been developing water jets which have application to the
underwater cleaning of metal surfaces; Dr.
Stanley Hutton has initiated a major project on
saw vibrations directed at increasing the yield of
sawn lumber in the B.C. forest industry; Dr.
Henry Vaughan has completed work on the problems of slamming damage to large barges being towed in heavy weather, a problem for the
B.C. marine transport industry; and Dr. V.J.
Modi has been studying the dynamics of inflated structures suitable for use in submarine
Our mineral engineers are studying the oxidation of B.C. coals and the effect of recovery
of coal by flotation, a project which should
result in improved recovery of B.C. coal
resources, and a number of projects that bear
on the province's coal resources are under way
in Metallurgical Engineering.
ARTS. The diversity of research in this
faculty is reflected in the following research projects: Dr. David Pokotylo of Anthropology and
Sociology has completed the on-site phase of the
Hat Creek Archeological Project, which aims to
identify valuable archeological sites prior to the
giant coal mining development scheduled for
this area near Kamloops; members of the
Department of Economics taking part in the
natural resource economics program emphasized studies on uranium and copper mining,
fisheries' policy and energy problems in the last
academic year, while some other members of
the same department undertook research on the
problem of inflation; members of the Department of Geography are involved in work on
avalanches, solar energy, transportation, social
planning and zoning, an historical atlas of
Canada, trade with Russia and the history of urban planning and development in China; and
faculty members in the School of Home
Economics are involved in projects related to the
influence on offspring of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and growth retardation in the fetal alcohol syndrome, child
abuse, and the adaptation experiences of Vietnamese refugees.
Members of the arts faculty were the authors
of an impressive number of books published in
1979-80, including studies of the culture of India and China by experts in anthropology and
Asian studies, literary works by teachers in
Creative Writing, French and Germanic
Studies, and several historical works on
medieval, modern and Canadian history.
A number of projects related to the native Indians of Canada are outlined in the report of
Arts Dean Robert Will. Dr. Leslie Upton of
History,   whose   untimely   death   during   the
academic year robbed the department of one if
its most promising scholars, was the author of a
study of Indian-white relations in the Maritimes
in the 18th and 19th centuries; Dr. Dale
Kinkade continues his work on B.C. and U.S.
Indian languages, some of which are in danger
of dying out; and Dr. Paul Tennant of Political
Science launched a major study of native Indian
organizations in B.C., the first of its kind.
ADMINISTRATION. Dean Peter Lusztig has
provided the following examples of research
most likely to lead to benefits to the community
and the curriculum of the faculty.
The faculty's industrial relations management division has published a Handbook of Experiential Learning and Change, which has important implications for the faculty's approach
to teaching. Other work in this division on
transfer policy shows promise in aiding the
development of young managers in Canadian
The urban land economics division is continuing work on the use of multiple regression
analysis for property valuation, attracting the
attention and co-operation of the B.C. Assessment Authority which is in a position to make
direct use of the research. Other current work
on the effects of land use regulation and control
across Canada is likely to have considerable impact on the ways in which provincial and local
governments govern urban development in the
1990s. And work on the impact of federal housing policy on local housing markets is of great
potential use in guiding future federal policy.
The faculty's transportation division bas
undertaken projects to study the adequacy and
efficiency of various aspects of Canada's
transportation system. Work on the British Columbia Railway provided important inputs to
Prof. Michael Beddoes of the
Department of Electrical
Engineering, right, and
research assistant Mark Bunce
continued work on development of aids for the blind, including a typewriter that
enables the operator to hear
the sounds of the letters being
typed by the machine.
The President's Report 1979-80/19 20/The President's Report 1979-80
the provincial government on future management of the system.
Members of the marketing division are doing
research in such areas as energy demand and
the impact of television on children, consumer
behavior and the marketing of the performing
arts. The findings in the latter area have already
been adopted by a number of performing arts
companies in North America.
DENTISTRY .Three members of the faculty,
Drs. A.G. Hannam, A.A. Lowe and W.W.
Wood have made considerable progress in
developing a computer-based data bank for
continuing projects ranging from basic
physiological studies to applied clinical
research. The data bank contains physiological
and in some cases anatomical data from the files
of more than 120 patients. The research team
has developed systems for retrieving, analysing
and displaying correlated anatomical and
physiological data for a wide variety of dental
research projects. The project has also fostered
close conceptual, experimental and technical
links between various experiments, an increasing amount of collaborative work and widespread interest among international colleagues.
This work will have a fundamental effect on one
of the aims of the faculty — establishment of a
craniofacial pain centre.
Dr. Virginia Diewart of the orthodontics
department is involved in important research on
factors causing cleft palate. She is assessing both
normal palate development and genetic defects
in experimental animals.
Other current research of note is the following: the immunofluorescent study of tooth
transplants and lingual nerve sensory alteration
related to oral surgery by Dr. B.H. Goldstein;
bone healing after experimental jaw fractures
by radiographic, histologic and biometric
means; the long-range health effect of sedative
drugs used in medical and dental treatments;
the possibility of tooth-decay prevention from
continuous fluoride-releasing restorations; the
use of magnets for retention of dental appliances; and investigation of the dental needs
of geriatric patients.
EDUCATION. Acting Dean Roy Bentley says
research in his faculty has developed in response
to specific needs and problems experienced in
teaching and learning, with special attention
directed toward the analysis, development and
assessment of curricula and the adaptation of
materials and instructional techniques for
special groups.
More specifically, members of the faculty
have been involved in an assessment of
mathematics education that will have considerable influence on the forthcoming revision
of the school mathematics curriculum; a training program related to mental retardation;
development of instructional materials for
Canadian studies; studies of Canada's aging
population; development and evaluation of a
basic literary curriculum for adults; evaluation
of curricular materials for gifted children;
development of an educational treatment
model for hyperactive children; the financial effects of aid to non-public schools; and analysis
of the work of family court counsellors and identification of required competencies with the aim
of devising a suitable training program.
FORESTRY. The intensification in recent
years of the forest management program for the
province has brought to light many problems requiring research and expertise within the faculty. The faculty is now stretched to its limit by requests for advice and grants and contracts for
research from government and the forest industry, Dean Joseph Gardner reports.
The following extract is from the report of
Gordon MacNabb, president of the Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research Council
(NSERC) and concerns the work of Dr. Norman
Franz of the forestry faculty:
"After over a decade of NSERC (NRC)
operating grant support, a professor in the
Faculty of Forestry at the University of British
Columbia has gained an international reputation for his work on high pressure liquid jet cutting systems and has obtained over 30 patents.
A pioneer in the use of high velocity water jets
for cutting wood, this researcher has extended
this technology to the cutting of other materials.
Indeed, his work lays the foundation for virtually all practical developments of jet cutting. The
original concept is now in daily industrial use in
the U.S.A., England, Scotland, Sweden,
France, West Germany, Switzerland, Belgium
and the Netherlands in such diverse industries
as aerospace, automobile, shoe and apparel,
building products containers. Materials being
processed include paper board, reinforced
plastics, fiberglass insulation, foams, abrasive
and asbestos products, plywood and food products."
Research in the faculty covers a wide spectrum. Dr. Gordon Weetman is carrying out
trials under contract with the provincial
Ministry of Forests on fertilization of stands of
lodgepole pine at 25 Interior sites; Glen Young
has been a key figure in the marrying of computer technology to planning techniques so that
the harvesting process can be speeded up; Philip
Cottell is studying man-machine interactions
with a view to making the forestry workplace
safe and productive; and Prof. Jack Walters,
director of UBC's research forest in the Fraser
Valley, continues his work on technical innovation, which has drawn international interest.
GRADUATE STUDIES. The institutes,
schools and centres associated with the Faculty
of Graduate Studies are among the most productive units within the University in terms of
Dr. William Rees of the School of Community and Regional Planning has published
research on the environmental assessment and
review process in the Canadian Arctic that has
attracted national interest and was the subject
of a House of Commons debate. Dr. Michael
Poulton's research on sawlog transportation on
the Lower Fraser River has significance for the
management of that waterway.
Population management and biology were
the principal areas of research of members of
the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology during 1979-80. The acquisition of several
minicomputers opened up new possibilities in
applying fairly advanced modelling techniques
in workshops or field situations and has improved the practicality of testing theory against actual data quickly and realistically. The scope of
interdisciplinary modelling was further expand- ed to combine behavioral and social factors with
economic, physical and biological systems.
Collectively, IARE faculty members received
more than $1 million for a wide variety of projects that included the following: development
of methods of environmental analysis and policy
design and the training of teams in methods of
adaptive environmental management by Prof.
OS. Holling; studies of coho salmon populations by Profs. P.A. Larkin, CF. Wehrhahn
and J.D. McPhail; studies of toxic chemicals in
the environment and ambulance design in the
City of Victoria by Prof. Ilan Vertinsky; studies
of ecosystems in the southern Sudan by Prof.
A.R.E. Sinclair; and work on the biological
control of weeds in the Kamloops area by Dr.
Judith Myers.
The Institute of Asian Research is fostering
research in three main areas: Canada-Asia
economic relations; research in Asia such as currently funded projects on Chinese and South
Asian agricultural development; and interdisciplinary studies such as those under way on
educational mobility and urbanization in Asia.
The institute plans to continue development of
research on Asian Canadian communities.
Having completed a five-year project on
Canada and the international management of
the oceans, the Institute of International Relations has now embarked on a new project on
Canada and international trade with funds provided by the Donner Canadian Foundation.
The ocean project generated more than 60
studies and it is expected the international trade
project will generate even more.
The Centre for Transportation Studies has a
number of projects under way characterized by
diversity. One deals with the realities of
newspaper recycling and ways in which the
transport costs can be minimized. A mathematical model will be used to indicate the relationships between collection methods, transport
technology, and the market price for waste
paper. The centre is also studying the landing
fees charged by the world's leading international airports as they relate to the type of
plane, volume of traffic and cost of airport
operations. This study should indicate whether
Canadian carriers are disadvantaged in various
ways at several airports.
The Westwater Research Centre is continuing with its Coastal Resource Management Program, which includes studies of marsh plants
and juvenile salmon in the Lower Fraser River
to determine the importance of wetlands to
salmon, publication of a series of reports and a
book entitled Coastal Resources in the Future of
B. C., and studies of fish protection regulation
as applied to the B.C. coastal forest industry.
The- centre has also completed a study for the
Economic Council of Canada on environmental
protection regulation, which included recommendations for strengthening the procedures
for bargaining between developers and
regulators, in particular, by improving the information available to the regulatory process.
The Soil Dynamics group in Graduate Studies
fosters research in such areas as earthquake
engineering, ocean engineering and environmental fluid dynamics. The studies being carried out under the latter heading include
development of techniques for the analysis of
the dispersal of pollutants in oceans, lakes,
rivers and air, and the prediction of the effects
of waste heat discharges from power plants.
Some of the techniques and programs developed by the earthquake engineering group are
now used by consulting engineers in North
America and Norway and by government agencies in Italy, Japan, the Soviet Union and Mexico. Currently under development is a procedure for analysing the behavior of offshore
pipelines during storms and earthquakes.
The resource management science program
sponsored a study of coastal zone management
centred on southeastern Vancouver Island, a
study which has been of considerable interest to
the Capital Regional District because it is the
only one of its kind conducted in B.C. Another
study focussed on evaluation of the success of
the Island's Trust to manage the development
of the Gulf Islands between the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island. Recommendations
for improvement were outlined and the information was received with great interest by the
trust as well as residents of the islands.
During 1979-80, a group of academics and
A familiar sight in many UBC
departments — researchers
watch as a computer prints out
the results of an experiment on
a high-speed typewriter.
The President's Report 1979-80/21 22/Tb.e President's Report 1979-80
professionals associated with the Centre for
Human Settlements met to examine the current
state of Canada's settlement system and its
tendencies. What emerged from this study was
that while the population of Canadians residing
in small and medium-sized towns has increased,
the population in the metropolitan areas of
Canada has declined.
LAW. Faculty members in Law continue
research into legal topics of a traditional nature
as well as new and relatively unexplored areas.
A major project drawing to completion is a
book of essays on Canadian law and practice
relating to criminal procedure, edited by Profs.
Jerome Atrens, Peter Burns and James Taylor,
to which a number of faculty members have
made contributions. Marilyn MacCrimmon
continues her empirical studies on witnesses and
their reliability, which involves work with
researchers outside the law faculty. Other
studies which have made major contributions to
the field, or are likely to do so, include the
following: the law of restitution by G.B. Klip-
pert; intergovernmental agreements by Prof.
Kenneth Lysyk; Canadian law of property by
Prof. A.J. McClean; studies in legal philosophy
on the western idea of law by Prof. J.C. Smith;
powers and duties of Canadian corporate directors by Barry Slutsky; Canadian land law by
Prof. E.C.E. Todd; and Canadian law of trade
secrets by Dr. David Vaver.
MEDICINE. The range and variety of
research in the Faculty of Medicine could easily
be the subject of a separate report on its own,
encompassing as it does basic studies in
neurology, the structure and function of
biological membranes, and the biochemical
basis of respiration (to name only three), clinical
studies in anesthesiology, surgery (including the
treatment of burns), diagnostic radiology,
ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynecology,
pediatrics and pathology.
Four researchers were awarded grants in excess of $100,000 in 1979-80: Dr. Hans Stich of
Medical Genetics for studies in environmental
carcinogenesis; Dr. John Dirks of the Department of Medicine, who received a $250,000
grant for development of a neurology division
within the department and $121,000 for kidney
research; Dr. Moira Yeung, also of Medicine,
for a study of Alcan smelter workers; and Dr.
Michael Smith, for studies on nucleic acids.
Here is a brief listing of other valuable
research taking place in the medical faculty. In
the Department of Biochemistry studies are
under way of anti-cancer drugs and hormone-
responsive tumors; research on various forms of
cancer continues in the Department of Surgery;
the B.C. Record Linkage Project in the Department of Medical Genetics is using the computer
to provide statistics on such things as recurrence
risks or incidence of disease; chronic lung
disorders are under intense investigation in the
Department of Medicine; ophthalmologists are
studying diabetes and its effect on the eyes; a
grant from the federal government is being used
in Obstetrics and Gynaecology to study the relationship between therapeutic abortion and
subsequent pregnancy outcome; research in
Paediatrics is generating appreciation of the
role  of virus  infections  in  chronic  arthritis,
diabetes, thyroid disease and perhaps multiple
sclerosis; a research group headed by Dr.
Harold Copp has recently discovered another
new hormone which appears to regulate
calcium metabolism in fish; and in Psychiatry,
researchers are investigating biological markers
in psychiatric illness and the condition known as
anorexia nervosa in which patients literally
starve themselves, sometimes to death.
Bernard Riedel reports a dramatic increase in
research and graduate studies activity in his
faculty during the academic year. In addition to
29 graduate students enrolled for the masters
and Ph.D. programs, the Hospital Pharmacy
Residency Program has 11 students enrolled in
this certificate program functioning in seven
community hospitals.
Research funds awarded to the faculty totalled $1,022,641 and as in other faculties this
money was used to support post-doctoral
fellows, pre-doctoral students and technical and
professional assistants.
A research project in the field of drug utilization review has resulted in a valuable on-going
relationship with the Pharmacare program of
the provincial government and the faculty's
Drug and Poison Information Centre broadened its activities by initiating production of a
Drug Information Reference Manual for use in
hospitals and a Poison Management Manual for
use in hospital emergency departments. The
Radioisotope Development and Research Project has brought the use of an isotope of iodine
into active use in medical diagnostic procedures. Two chemists are involved in preparation of a second isotope of iodine for possible use
in brain scanning as part of the Positron Emission Tomography Project, which is described in
greater detail in the section of this report dealing with the completion of the Health Sciences
A measure of the research activity emanating
from this small UBC faculty is reflected in the
fact that 150 scientific publications by members
of its teaching staff were published in 1979-80.
SCIENCE. The Faculty of Science received
about 40 per cent of the total research funds
made available to UBC in the last fiscal year —
more than $11 million. In the area of the earth
sciences, research includes radioactive isotope
measurements of the age of minerals, groundwater and nuclear waste disposal problems,
seismology and glaciology. Our oceanographers
are looking at the physical, geological,
biological and chemical aspects of the Strait of
Georgia (using among other methods instruments attached to two B.C. ferries) and of
the Pacific (using Canadian and American
naval vessels and a coastal oil tanker). UBC
astronomers are involved in research on black
holes, stellar evolution and the instrumentation
of the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope located
on Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
A wide range of research, including genetic
research on environmental mutagens, fungal
parasites of cereal grains, and human allergic
reactions to plant compounds are the more
practical of the diverse basic research projects
conducted in Botany. In Microbiology, new
faculty members have initiated active programs
in molecular biology and Dr. Julia Levy's work on simple sensitive tests for lung cancer continues to be successful. The annual publication
record of the zoology department was sustained
in the past year and included two books by
faculty members.
In the mathematical sciences, a research
facility in computational vision has been
established under Dr. Alan Mackworth of Computer Science and several UBC mathematicians
enhanced the research reputation of the
mathematics department for the high quality of
work in statistics and applied and pure
In the physical sciences, more than 200
research papers were produced by members of
the Department of Chemistry. In the Department of Physics, a fusion research position has
been established by B.C. Hydro to examine
both pure and applied problems.
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS. It seems appropriate to report here on the activities of the
University Press, which marked nine years of
operation in the 1979-80 academic year. In that
period, the press has published 94 titles (70 per
cent of them authored by UBC faculty,
graduates or affiliates of UBC) and increased
the number of books it publishes annually to an
average of 14. Annual sales now amount to
about 20,000 books in 49 countries. It has
grown to a point where it is the third largest
English-language scholarly press in Canada and
may soon be second in size.
The press was established to provide a platform for scholarly research and writing in B.C.;
to publish scholarly books that are not commercially viable but which should be published; to
see that the authors whose books are published
have professional advice in editing and production; and to serve the community of which it is a
part by also publishing definitive books about
the province. The press, under the direction of
A.N. Blicq and with the help of his competent
staff, has played a notable part in ensuring that
the fruits of scholarship are widely
An event of singular significance for the province occured on May 16, 1980, when the
University held a ceremony to mark the completion of its Health Sciences Centre on the UBC
campus. The completion of this complex of
buildings means that a vision as old as the
University itself has at last become a reality.
When the original plans for the University
were drawn up in 1912, three years before UBC
opened its doors, they included provision for a
building to house the schools of medicine, dentistry and pharmacy on the very site where the
Health Sciences Centre is now located. The
numerous reports that preceded the opening of
the Faculty of Medicine at UBC in 1950 all
assumed that a teaching hospital would be built
on the campus to provide a centre for the
clinical training of doctors.
Completion of the Walter
Koerner Acute Care Unit in
UBC's Health Sciences Centre
meant that a vision as old as the
University itself had finally
become a reality.
The President's Report 1979-80/23 Special guests at the dedication
ceremony of the campus
Health Sciences Centre named
for the late Dr. John F. McCreary, far right, were Mrs.
McCreary, shown with Dr.
Walter Koerner, a UBC
benefactor whose name is
associated with the Acute Care
Unit, one of three buildings
which make up the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital.
yr *m
24/The President's Report 1979-80
In the intervening years, the concepts surrounding the training of young people for
careers in medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy and rehabilitation medicine were revolutionized by changes in our society, including advances in treatment methods through research
and the advent of prepaid medical care.
These changes called for new ways of
educating health professionals. Fortunately for
UBC, one of the leading thinkers on this topic
was associated with the Faculty of Medicine
since its inception. Dr. John F. McCreary was
professor of pediatrics, later dean of the Faculty
of Medicine and laterally Co-ordinator of
Health Sciences.
It was Dr. McCreary who saw that the
medicine of the future would be practised by a
team of health specialists instead of individuals
working in isolation. From this basic idea, he
evolved the concept of a physical facility where
all those concerned with the delivery of health
care would be trained together so that the
members of each discipline would know the
strengths and weaknesses of their co-workers.
Over the years, Dr. McCreary made every effort to create on the campus a complex of
buildings and an administrative structure that
would give concrete meaning to this vision. By
the early part of this decade, many of the basic
units of an integrated training facility were
already in place, including the basic medical
sciences buildings, a major library facility and
the P.A. Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. It remained only to add a teaching
hospital to make the Health Sciences Centre
In 1973 it appeared that our hopes for the
creation of a Health Sciences Centre were dashed with the announcement by the government
of that day that it intended to create the B.C.
Medical Centre, a teaching and tertiary referral
centre for the entire province, on a site at 30th
Ave. and Oak Street adjacent to Shaughnessy
Veterans' Hospital, which the provincial
government had acquired from the federal
government. Though the University was disappointed with this decision, dozens of our faculty
involved in the training of health professionals
became deeply involved in the work of task
forces, committees and other groups charged
with bringing forward plans for new facilities to
be included in the Shaughnessy Centre.
A dramatic reversal of the decision to create
the B.C. Medical Centre came early in 1976
following a change of government in Victoria.
On March 9, the ministers of education and
health called on the University to double the size
of its medical class from 80 to 160 students a
year. At the same time, the ministers announced that $50 million was available, in matched
federal and provincial health resource funds, to
build a campus teaching hospital of 240 beds,
provide additional basic medical facilities on
campus and update the clinical teaching facilities at Vancouver hospitals affiliated with the
This challenge led to a concentrated round of
consultations which resulted in a positive
response by the University to the provincial
government proposals. Within 60 days I prepared a report which clearly set out tbe conditions under which the University was prepared
to expand its medical class, emphasizing that
funding   would   have   to   be   provided   inde- pendently, without impinging on the
University's other operating support.
In October, 1976, the provincial government
announced its intention to implement its commitment to improving health education facilities and expand the size of the medical class.
On April 18, 1977, the first sod was turned to
mark the start of construction on the new acute
care unit of the Health Sciences Centre
The completion of the acure care unit and
the Health Sciences Centre early in 1980 was a
truly significant day for the community and the
University. It should be seen as one of the important avenues by which UBC can and must
serve all the citizens of British Columbia.
I am pleased to note here that the names of
Dr. McCreary and Dr. Walter Koerner have
been associated with the two main developments of health sciences education and
research. The academic facilities of the centre
have rightly been named for Dr. McCreary, who
pioneered the health-team concept of medical
Dr. McCreary's sudden and untimely death in
October, 1979, meant that he was not present in
May, 1980, when the Health Sciences Centre
was officially dedicated. Although he never saw
the completed centre, he had the satisfaction of
knowing before he died that the dream he had
nurtured and fostered for a quarter of a century
was in the final stage of completion.
In naming the acute care unit for Dr.
Koerner, the University honors a benefactor
whose quarter-century of association with the
University includes 15 years as a member of the
Board of Governors and membership on the
management committee of the Health Sciences
Centre since it was established in 1972. Dr.
Koerner stepped down as chairman of the
management committee the day after the May
16 opening ceremony, but will continue to be
associated with it as vice-chairman.
The completion of the Health Sciences Centre Hospital means that the University has one
of the most advanced facilities anywhere in the
world for the training of health professionals. In
addition to the 240-bed acute care unit, the
Harry Purdy Extended Care Unit provides 300
beds for the care of the elderly and others, and
the 60-bed Psychiatric Unit is pioneering new
ways of treating the mentally ill. The campus
centre and the new and upgraded facilities being developed at local hospitals and on land adjacent to Shaughnessy Hospital provide for
those students who seek to serve the sick a new
freedom of opportunity to study, to engage in
research and, most importantly, to prevent or
treat human disease.
The new Acute Care Unit will house a
number of unique instruments and other tools
that will be used for diagnostic and treatment
purposes. The most advanced of these will be a
positron emission tomograph, normally referred
to by the acronym PET. This is an ultra-modern
piece of research equipment used in the rapidly
developing field of nuclear medicine.
Hon. Patrick McGeer, the provincial minister
of universities, science and communications, in
speaking at the Health Sciences Centre dedication ceremony, announced that the Universities
Council had recommended the acquisition of
such equipment, which makes it possible to take
a three-dimensional picture of the brain in an
alert and awake patient without causing pain.
The PET technique is being hailed as one of
the most significant advances in decades in the
study of brain disease. It will be used for
diagnosis and research into such common
neurological problems as stroke, epilepsy,
Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and a
number of emotional disorders whose treatment
relies on drugs which affect brain functions.
The new approach to the training of health
professionals at UBC has called for the development of a unique administrative structure for
co-ordination of the activities of the health
sciences faculties and schools. This is accomplished through the Office of the Coordinator of Health Sciences, which has evolved
two main objectives over the past decade:
1. To serve as a means of co-ordinating the
interests of the health sciences faculties and
schools as they relate to each other in educational programs, in areas of research interest,
and in relationships to affiliated hospitals and
other service-oriented health agencies, and
2. To provide supporting services in areas of
expertise as may be needed and be valuable to
one or more of the health sciences faculties and
As mentioned earlier, Dr. McCreary was the
first Co-ordinator of Health Sciences. Dr.
Harold Copp was the next co-ordinator and
provided energetic leadership in pressing the
provincial government for expansion and
development of our hospital plans.
The present co-ordinator, Dean Bernard
Riedel, chairs the co-ordinating committee
which brings together the deans of the Faculties
of Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Dentistry, and the directors of the Schools of Nursing, Rehabilitation Medicine, Home Economics
and Social Work. The head of the division of
clinical psychology in the Department of
Psychology is also a member, as is the administrator of the Health Sciences Centre
The co-ordinating committee serves as a
means of integrating the interests of each of the
above disciplines into a common whole in a
variety of specialized areas. The office also
houses six divisions which have been established
in response to the special needs identified by one
or more of the health sciences faculties and
The Office of the Co-ordinator has been involved directly with the control and assignment
of teaching space in the Instructional Resources
Centre, in the extended care unit and the acute
care unit of the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital. It has been instrumental in developing affiliation agreements with teaching
hospitals and with other health service agencies
and has provided services to the health sciences
faculties and schools in the form of special expertise, to provincial and federal health agencies and to government through research programs and under contract arrangements.
Each of the six divisions in the Office of the
Co-ordinator of Health Sciences has objectives
in the next five-year period and these are a matter of active discussion in the co-ordinator's office at the present time.
The President's Report 1979-80/25 Public service
Agricultural sciences students
Clint Hilliard and Sarah Curtis
answered hundreds of questions from callers who wanted
information on plant and
garden care. Support for the
Hortline project was provided
by the provincial Ministry of
Labour under the summer
Youth Employment Program.
Were I to reproduce here the list of public-
service activities of faculty members and
students which were reported to me this year by
the deans of our 12 faculties, it would take up
most of the pages in this report. The term
"public service" is a very broad one which encompasses many activities which are to some extent outside the basic teaching and research
duties of faculty members. Some of these activities have, for the sake of convenience, been
transferred to other sections of this report, e.g.,
Awards and Honors and Continuing Education.
The material which follows, then, represents
a selection from the reports of deans to indicate
the range and variety of public service activities
by faculty and students.
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. Dean Warren Kitts uses nearly three full pages in his
report on public service to list the names of
faculty members and the companies and
government agencies they assisted. These included advice to Canadian and American firms
that produce foodstuffs for animals, assistance
with a case of copper poisoning in a sheep flock,
advice to the Kamloops Indian Reserve on their
field day, to a nursery on the cause of death of
rose plants, and to the B.C. Ministry of the Environment on aquatic weed control.
A number of faculty members were abroad to
undertake studies at the request of governments. Dean Kitts and two colleagues, Profs.
V.C. Brink and Leslie Lavkulich, were in Saudi
Arabia for 10 days to assess agricultural potential in the eastern province of that state; Dr.
L.E. Lowe made a tour of southern Mexico at
the request of a federal agency to study tropical
and alpine soils in the region and advise on the
application of soil organic matter research
methods on Mexican soils; Dr. R.M. Beames
visited Cuba to discuss projects to evaluate
Cuban swine management and feeding practices; and Dr. John Hodges represented Canada
in Rome at the Food and Agriculture Organization's technical consultation on the conservation
of animal genetic resources.
APPLIED SCIENCE. In addition to serving
on a variety of boards and councils of provincial
and national organizations, faculty members in
Applied Science have taken an active role in
organizing and staging a number of conferences. Prof. J.R. Grace of Chemical
Engineering was co-chairman of the International Fluidization Conference sponsored by the
Engineering Foundation in New Hampshire in
August, 1980, and Prof. E.B. Hawbolt of
Metallurgical Engineering organized and ran a
conference on "Materials to Satisfy the Energy
Demand" under the auspices of the Canadian
Council of the American Society of Metals.
Dr. T.E. Siddon of Mechanical Engineering
is currently on political leave of absence as the
member of Parliament for Richmond-Surrey-
Faculty members in the School of Nursing are
serving a number of health agencies and advisory committees for college nursing programs.
ARTS. Dean Robert Will provided several
examples of how public service and research activities are combined in the form of publications. In the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology, Jeanette Auger and Valerie Guarino
produced a book entitled Growing Old Safely:
Crime Prevention Techniques for the federal
Department of the Solicitor General; Linda
Light prepared Continuing Education Approval
Program: An Evaluation, a report for the
Registered Nurses Association of B.C. and the
Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of
B.C.; and James Powell was the co-author of
two books on Indian languages, Learning
Shuswap and Learning Gitksan, published for
the Shuswap Cultural Committee and the Kit-
wancool, Kitwanga and Kitssegukla Bands,
In the Department of Economics, Jonathan
Kesselman has undertaken a major study of the
financing of the Canadian Unemployment Insurance Program at the request of the federal
Department of Employment and Immigration
and Prof. Gordon Munro is studying the
economy of Newfoundland at the request of the
Economic Council of Canada.
In the Department of History, Dr. Charles
Humphries succeeded Prof. Margaret Prang as
a member of the Historic Sites and Monuments
Board of the Department of Indian Affairs and
Northern Development; two other members of the department advised the BBC on a TV production on the City of Vancouver and the National Film Board on a production on Oriental
people in B.C.; Dr. David Breen is serving as a
consultant to the Pacific National Exhibition on
the preparation of its history and Keith Ralston
is acting in a similar capacity with the History
Conservation Branch of the B.C. government in
connection with a history of Barkerville, of gold
rush fame.
In Political Science, Prof. Alan Cairns was
appointed a member of the advisory committee
to the B.C. Cabinet Committee on Confederation and has actively been engaged in negotiations on constitutional change, and Prof. Jean
Laponce served as advisor to the Canadian
Commission on UNESCO.
Many members of the Department of
Psychology are involved as consultants, advisors
and project directors with public and private
agencies concerned with mental health, child
development, recreation and the environment.
ADMINISTRATION. Prof. Michael Goldberg
served on a task force established by the federal
government to consider the possibility of
"privatizing" the Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Prof. Karl Ruppenthal, who
heads the Centre for Transportation Studies,
has been appointed to the planning committee
for Transpo '86, the world's fair that is planned
for a site in Vancouver in this decade.
Prof. Stanley Hamilton is a member of the
Real Estate Council of B.C. and a director of
the Vancouver Stock Exchange. Fellow urban
land economist Lawrence Jones is on the B.C.
Real Estate Association education committee
and serves on the board of directors of the pension plan for UBC faculty members.
Prof. Jonathan Mark is a member of the Real
Estate Board of Greater Vancouver's statistics
and survey committee and faculty dean Peter
Lusztig is a governor of the Institute of Canadian Bankers and a director of the Vancouver
General Hospital Foundation, the Banff School
of Advanced Management and the Vancouver
Board of Trade.
EDUCATION. The public service rendered
by this faculty in upgrading the quality of
elementary and secondary school teaching is
detailed in the section of this report on Continuing Education. In addition, faculty provided
services to the provincial Ministry of Education
and to the school districts of B.C. by serving on
several curriculum committees and undertaking
assessment programs in mathamatics, science
and reading, by advising on school district
organization, the selection of superintendents,
collaboration in the development of policy
handbooks; and by staging a variety of
workshops for principals, trustees and school
board chairmen.
The expertise of faculty members and
graduate students was solicited by the Canada
Employment and Immigration Commission for
advice on counselling procedures for the
The Faculty of Education organized Science
Spectrum in 1979-80, the 20th annual international science education symposium presented
by the science education group and attended by
more than 1,000 people. The success of that
event is summed up in the annual report of the
Thomas A. Edison Foundation: "A complex
undertaking, involving 81 workshops as well as a
number of keynote speakers and general sessions, the program was immensely successful ... . This program provides colleges and
universities around the world with an excellent
example of what can be accomplished by a
dedicated faculty of science education to assist
secondary school science teachers. It is a program we are proud to assist in making a
The School of Physical Education and
Recreation within the education faculty undertook a project at the request of the Delta School
Board for a thorough review of elementary
school physical education in the district with
recommendations for a complete revision of the
curriculum along non-traditional lines. This
project was carried out by a small group of
graduate students working under the direction
of Dr. Hal Lawson, who is implementing the
curriculum changes using $100,000 approved
by the Delta School Board.
GRADUATE STUDIES. Three members of
the School of Community and Regional Planning were involved in projects related to northern
Canada; Dr. W.E. Rees prepared a paper for
the Committee for Original Peoples Entitlement
which was used in negotiations with the federal
minister of Indian and Northern Affairs; and
Clyde Weaver and Peter Boothroyd conducted
several workshops on impact assessment for northern communities and recent advances in
development theory for the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Several members of the Institute of Animal
Resource Ecology were abroad during the last
academic year. Dr. Tom Northcote visited Lake
Titicaca in Peru to establish a co-operative program on water resource management; Dr.
Judith Myers advised on the biological control of
weeds while on sabbatical leave in Australia;
and Dr. A.R.E. Sinclair spent part of the summer of 1980 in East Africa on multi-disciplinary
resource studies.
A singular example of how faculty and
students combine to provide public service was
provided by Dean Peter Larkin of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies. During the academic year,
the Institute of Applied Mathematics and
Statistics was approached by J.L. Richardson of
Solway Solar Engineering, who holds a grant
from the Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council to carry out a feasibility study
of an efficient solar-energy collection device.
Because of his limited experience in
mathematics, Mr. Richardson came to UBC to
seek help with the mathematical analysis. Two
students, Mark Looi and Walter Jager, under
the supervision and direction of Dr. B.R.
Seymour of the mathematics department, carried out a design study that generated data to
enable Mr. Richardson to delineate the effects
of various design factors. On the basis of the
results, Mr. Richardson is currently exploring
the construction phase of the problem.
The services provided by the institute were
done at no charge to Mr. Richardson.
Prof. Karl Ruppenthal, who heads UBC's
Centre for Transportation Studies, accepted an
invitation to visit China, where he lectured at
The President's Report 1979-80/27 28/The President's Report 1979-80
six universities on various topics related to
transportation. He has been asked by the World
Bank to assist in assessing China's transportation
needs. Prof. Ruppenthal also testified before
the Canadian Transport Commission concerning the appropriate function of the supplemental airlines in Canada and the realignment of
certain airline routes.
LAW. Faculty members in Law are involved
in a multitude of public service projects covering a wide range of organizations and services.
W.W. Black is chairman of the discrimination
committee of the B.C. Civil Liberties Association; Charles Bourne is on the academic advisory committee to the Cabinet Committee on
Confederation; D.S. Cohen is chairman of the
advocacy committee of the B.C. Consumers
Association and serves on the executive of the
Consumers Association of Canada; Donald
MacDougall has a long association with the
United Way of the Lower Mainland; D.E.
Sanders is involved in the preparation of a submission for the World Council of Indigenous
Peoples to the sub-commission on the prevention of discrimination and the protection of
minorities of the UN Human Rights Committee; A.F. Sheppard is on the Law Reform Commission of B.C.; and James Taylor is the UBC
faculty representative to the Mental Retardation Institute of B.C.
MEDICINE. A similar list can be compiled
for the Faculty of Medicine. Prof. David Bates,
Health Care and Epidemiology, chairs the
Royal Commission on Uranium Mining for the
provincial government; Dr. G.R. Douglas and
Dr. F.V. Buff am, both of the ophthalmology
department, respectively provide eye care to Indians and Eskimos in the central Arctic and
operate an eye clinic in Fort St. John, serving
that entire community; and Dr. W.L. Dunn,
Pathology, is chairman of the Laboratory Advisory Council to the provincial Ministry of
The medical school's Department of
Psychiatry operates an outreach program linking UBC teaching hospitals with those areas of
the province lacking psychiatrists and providing
consultation and teaching services. Areas served
include the Queen Charlotte Islands, Prince
Rupert, Terrace, Williams Lake, Quesnel and
Dawson Creek.
The Department of Medical Genetics acts as
a resource for enquiries from all over B.C. and
last year gave more than 245 hours of talks to lay
and paramedical groups. Grants enabled the
department to continue an outreach program in
the Thompson-Okanagan area to demonstrate
how to bring medical genetics services to outlying areas.
The faculty of the School of Rehabilitation
Medicine provided free lectures and workshops
on 12 different topics for professional organizations and hospitals and also provided free consulting services to five Lower Mainland hospitals
and to the Vancouver Health Department on
establishment of programs for the elderly and
handicapped and the design of two research
faculty's Drug and Poison Information Centre,
located in St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver,
broadened its activities. Production of a drug
information reference manual for use in
hospitals is under way and a poison management manual is being produced for use in
emergency departments in hospitals.
The faculty also provides information on
therapeutic drugs and drugs of abuse to professionals, university people and the public. It is
involved with government agencies such as the
Alcohol and Drug Commission, lay groups such
as Canadians for Health Research and voluntary health organizations such as the Canadian
Heart Foundation, the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation and the Canadian Diabetic Association.
SCIENCE. The list of public service activities
by faculty members in Science is as voluminous
as that for other major University faculties. All
departments have members who serve as executive officers and editors for Canadian and
international professional associations. In the
earth science departments, faculty members
continue to advise the Atomic Energy Commission of Canada on the underground storage of
radioactive wastes and to participate in a
mineral identification program for industry.
The Department of Computer Science is involved in both industrial and academic consultation
and Mathematics has made a concerted effort
to establish liaison with secondary schools in
regard to the teaching of mathematics.
Public service within the University community is not confined to the faculty; our
students also make a notable contribution to
this activity.
Students in Agricultural Sciences, with the
support and assistance of faculty members,
manned the Food Information Service, which
provides free information on such topics as food
safety, preservation and storage. Hortline, run
by the Department of Plant Science, provided a
plant disease diagnostic clinic and a mobile
clinic was available in various Lower Mainland
locations late in the summer of 1980. The
Department of Animal Science provided free
guided tours of the Dairy Cattle Teaching and
Research Unit for more than 3,000 school
children and 100 producers.
Engineering students in the Faculty of Applied Science are often castigated in the news
media for some of their activities and it is not
my intention here to attempt to excuse what can
only be described as questionable behaviour.
But many of these activities are undertaken in
support of voluntary health organizations which
need funds to provide services to the handicapped and less fortunate members of society. Each
year, the Engineering Undergraduate Society
raises thousands of dollars for these groups.
Students in the School of Nursing continue to
make valuable public service contributions
through fourth-year independent study projects
carried out in association with a wide range of
health care agencies.
Students in the School of Architecture
operate an informal design and drawing service
throughout the year for the public and assistant
professor Raymond Burton undertook as a class
project an urban design study of the town centre
of Ladner, south of Vancouver, which resulted
in proposals for the improvement and redevelopment of the area. Full public hearings and
presentations were developed and follow-up activities are currently being negotiated. Architecture students were also active in the
1980 Youth Employment Program, supported
by grants from the provincial government. More
than 600 students from many disciplines
throughout the University were employed during the summer on projects related to their
career goals.
1980 summer projects undertaken by Architecture students included operation of "a
storefront service that provided building advice,
design and drawing services to individuals and
social service agencies in the Oppenheimer Park
area of Vancouver, and a project that
documented the architectural qualities and
characteristics of neighborhoods in the
downtown urban waterfront area.
In the Faculty of Arts, Asian Studies students
acted as tour guides for travellers from Japan;
Rakesh Singhai translated medical instructions
into Hindi for hospital outpatients; and three
students worked at the Chinese Cultural Centre
on language courses and library management.
In April, 1980, students in Fine Arts organized
the fifth annual Fine Arts Graduates Symposium as well as a lecture series where faculty
members presented their latest research findings. Both events were open to the public.
Students were involved in summer research pro
jects in the Department of Psychology on matters directly related to community problems.
Third-year Dentistry students and second-
year Dental Hygiene students provided free
treatment to hundreds of Lower Mainland
school children during the summer under a program funded by the provincial Ministry of
Health. At other times in the year, students
gave lectures on dental care in schools and to
community groups and provided treatment in
public community clinics both on and off the
Students are heavily involved in fitness testing
in the Buchanan Performance Assessment Centre located in the Aquatic Centre and operated
by the School of Physical Education and
Recreation. Prof. Ted Rhodes and graduate
students enrolled in the exercise management
program for the Master of Physical Education
degree provided the service in 1979-80 to 1,000
persons, who received a full computerized
fitness profile and follow-up interpretation and
counselling designed to improve fitness. Other
students serve as instructors in the annual Sports
Camp program which saw 1,000 young people
enrol during the spring and summer of 1980 for
instruction in a wide variety of sports, including
soccer and hockey.
Teaching and the curriculum
In this section of my report, I will deal only
with the changes which took place in the
University curriculum in the 1979-80 academic
year. As I have emphasized in past years, the
continuous process of curriculum change at
UBC, which is carried out at the departmental
and faculty levels and approved by the University Senate, reflects a number of important
aspects of University life and trends in society.
These include the rapid expansion of knowledge
as the result of research and innovation, the
desire of our faculty to upgrade the quality of
education at UBC, the needs of the economy
and industry and the expressed wishes of
I was impressed, in reading the reports from
the deans of UBC's 12 faculties for the 1979-80
academic year, with the number of new
academic programs that were implemented or
approved during the year by the Universities
In Agricultural Sciences, a new 68-unit curriculum designed to broaden student knowledge
replaced the previous 62-unit program, and the
first two years of the new program leading to the
degree of Bachelor of Landscape Architecture
became available. This faculty's new thrust in
providing continuing education programs
throughout the province is detailed in a later
section of this report.
In Applied Science, the Department of Mining and Mineral Process Engineering has introduced significant changes to strengthen the
mining aspect of the curriculum. In particular,
the department has provided for new course
work on coal mining and utilization linked to
the construction of a new Centre for Coal and
Mineral Processing. A revised curriculum for
first-year students in the faculty's School of Nursing was also implemented in 1979-80.
The Faculty of Arts implemented a new
Master of Fine Arts program in studio art in
1979-80 and received approval from the Universities Council for the following new programs: a
Doctor of Philosophy program in south Asian
studies in the Department of Asian Studies; a
Master of Arts program in family studies in the
School of Home Economics; a master's program
in archival studies, to be offered jointly by the
School of Librarianship and the Department of
History; and a major in speech sciences in the
Department of Linguistics, involving cooperation with the medical school's Division of
Audiology and Speech Sciences.
In Dentistry, a curriculum has been
developed to train graduate dentists in the
specialty of periodontics and a new Division of
Graduate and Postgraduate Studies has been introduced. In addition, courses of full- and part-
time study leading to the master's degree have
been developed.
In Education, a new Diploma Program for
the Visually Impaired, the first such program
offered at any Canadian university, completed
its first year of operation, and new concentrations in business education and home
economics, worked out with the assistance of the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administra-
The President's Report 1979-80/29 30/The President's Report 1979-80
Summary of Revenue and
(Excluding Capital Additions
to Endowment, Student Loan and Capital Development Funds)
April 1, 1979 to
March 31, 1980
For Specific
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
$ 1,371,074
Canada — Museum of
Anthropology Grant
Student Fees
Investment Income
Sponsored Research
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
$ 1,116,518
Sponsored Research
(        492,420)
(         0.3)
Student Services
Scholarships & Bursaries
Plant Maintenance
Renovations & Alterations
General Expense
Ancillary Enterprises
(           7,207)
i            7,207)
— General Purposes
— Specific Purposes
Services income, previously
shown as an item of revenue, is now considered a recovery of costs by most Canadian
universities and is
reported as a reduction in the relevant areas
of expenditures. 197879 comparison fig
ures have been adjusted to reflect this change in
The President's Report 1979-80/31 UBC's Department of
Geography was only one of a
large number of academic
units which undertook a major
curriculum review in 1979-80
to ensure that present and
future students have access to
the latest developments in the
discipline resulting from
-research and innovation.
32/The President's Report 1979-80
tion and the School of Home Economics respectively, are being implemented.
In the Faculty of Law, the first stage of a major curriculum review affecting the first-year
program was approved for implementation in
1980-81. These changes reflect a number of
identified needs, including greater emphasis on
public law with additional teaching time
devoted to constitutional and criminal law, a
redesigned and more intensive legal writing program, and a restructuring of sections and additional faculty resources to provide opportunities
for small group instruction.
In the Faculty of Medicine, a new program
leading to the degree of Bachelor of Medical
Laboratory Science was approved in 1979 and
will begin operation in September, 1980. The
program is designed to upgrade the skills of
medical laboratory technicians who have completed the three-year program offered by the
B.C. Institute of Technology. Additions to the
course structure will also allow entry to the program of UBC science students who do not have
the registered technician's diploma.
Equally impressive are the continuing efforts
of the faculties to review and revise their programs for the future. In Applied Science, a new
four-year curriculum is under active consideration and has affected curriculum planning in
other faculties, e.g. Bio-Resource Engineering
in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. The
School of Architecture, in collaboration with
the School of Community and Regional Planning, is revising the Master of Architecture program as it bears on the study of design development and urban design, and is developing a new
two-year Master of Science program in architec
ture for multi-disciplinary research into
building environments and processes.
In the Faculty of Arts, a major review of the
Department of Geography's curriculum was
begun, a comprehensive review of the Master of
Library Science program continues, major revisions in the master's program in historical
musicology, music theory and composition were
introduced in the Department of Music, the
Department of Political Science is considering a
comprehensive review of its undergraduate curriculum, a general review of the curriculum of
the Department of Religious Studies was begun,
and proposals for new Master of Arts and
Master of Fine Arts degree programs in film and
television and for a Bachelor of Fine Arts in acting and technical theatre are before the Universities Council.
Dean Peter Lusztig, head of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
reports that the new undergraduate curriculum
approved several years ago continues to be
phased in, together with innovative teaching
methods such as those used in the faculty's new
organizational behavior courses. The faculty
continues to implement the evening Master of
Business Administration program as resources
In the School of Physical Education and
Recreation, the undergraduate program
leading to the Bachelor of Education degree
underwent considerable revision, with the intent of introducing sport science theory to major
students in the first year of the program, a move
designed to encourage students to select
academic or professional options in the senior
years. A number of new courses have been
developed to meet the specific requirements of
these programs. Extensive revisions to the
Bachelor of Recreation Education degree program were approved in principle by Senate and
course revisions in the first year approved for
1980-81. The Faculty of Graduate Studies has
also approved a non-thesis Master of Physical
Education degree for implementation in
An extensive review of the curriculum was
conducted in the Faculty of Forestry with the
assistance of representatives of the profession
and the forest service. A new curriculum structure has been adopted for submission to Senate. Enrolment at the University for the 1979-80
fiscal year stood at an all-time high of 32,607
students, an increase of 2.2 per cent over the
previous fiscal year when 31,895 were
Our fiscal-year enrolment total, which is used
as the basis for the University's submissions for
operating funds to the Universities Council of
B.C., was the result of increased registrations
for all three major academic sessions — the
1979 spring session, which had an enrolment increase of 7.5 per cent; the 1979 summer session,
which recorded an increase of 4.5 per cent; and
the 1979-80 daytime winter session, which
registered 23,161 students, a 2.1 per cent increase over the previous year.
Our fiscal-year enrolment total is the sum of
the following enrolments in the period April 1,
1979, to March 31, 1980 (the comparable
1978-79 figures appear in brackets): 1979 spring session — 2,757 (2,565); 1979 summer session - 4,153 (3,975); 1979-80 daytime winter
session - 23,161 (22,676); 1979-80 nighttime
winter session - 1,183 (1,221); 1979-80 Guided Independent Study (correspondence courses
offered through the Centre for Continuing
Education) - 1,353 (1,458).
The most notable increase in our 1979-80
daytime winter session enrolment occurred in
the Faculty of Graduate Studies, where an increase from 3,072 the previous year to 3,293
students represented a 7.2 per cent increase.
This graduate-level increase is probably due to
two factors — economic conditions and the
substantial increase in research funds received
by the University. In times of economic stress,
many people decide to enrol for master's
degrees in order to upgrade their job qualifications. And enrolment at the graduate level is
very closely linked with the availability of
research funds. The fact that in the last fiscal
year research funding increased by 23 per cent
to almost $26 million is bound to be reflected in
increased graduate-student enrolment.
Another aspect of our daytime winter session
enrolment that deserves comment centres on the
number of students who enrolled for 11 or fewer
units and are therefore classified as part-time
students. Sixteen per cent of our daytime winter
session, fiscal-year enrolment in 1979-80 was in
this category, compared with 15 per cent the
previous year and 6 per cent in 1972.
One aspect of our winter session enrolment
that gives cause for concern stems from the size
of the first-year class. Even though the number
of first-year students increased by 3.5 per cent
from 3,271 in 1978-79 to 3,384 in the 1979-80
fiscal year, there was no change in the "participation rate," the percentage of 18-24 year
olds who are enrolled in post-secondary institutions in B.C.
Overall, only about 14 per cent of B.C.'s
18-24 year olds are enrolled in post-secondary
institutions.   This  percentage  is  three  points
below Alberta, six below Ontario, and very far
below the United States, where more than 25
per cent of young people in this age group are
enrolled in some form of post secondary education.
This picture is further complicated in B.C. by
projections which show that the number of
grade 12s is expected to decline from the present level of 37,000 to about 29,000-30,000 by
1984. UBC currently enrols about seven per
cent of the preceding year's grade 12s and the
result of the projected decline in the pool of
grade 12s would mean a drop of approximately
500 entrants to UBC, provided that the seven
per cent factor remains constant.
I am optimistic that this decline will not take
place, since a modest increase of only two
percentage points to nine per cent in the
number of 18-24 year olds who decide to
register at UBC will offset the decline. This is
one of the reasons why the University is stepping
up its program of information to bigh schools
throughout the province.
In addition, I believe there is real potential
for growth in total University enrolment
resulting from continued expansion in graduate
studies, increases in the number of mature
students who return to the University for
retraining or the expansion of their educational
horizons, and an increase in the number of
students who come to us after completing some
academic work at the network of regional colleges in B.C. It seems likely, too, that the current expansion of the population base of
western Canada will have an important effect
on post-secondary university enrolments.
In the final analysis, however, I remain convinced that the surest foundation for believing
that UBC enrolments will continue to rise lies in
our continuing efforts to provide quality education to our students. In an effort to ensure that
entering students are better able to cope with
university-level work, UBC has been phasing in
since 1978 new entrance regulations approved
by the University Senate in 1977. These higher
entrance requirements will be fully in place by
September, 1981, and rather than being a
deterent to increased enrolments I feel sure they
will serve to attract grade 12 students to the
educational experiences available at UBC.
The University took further steps in 1979-80
to implement the recommendations of an advisory committee on student services which
reported in 1978. Brock Hall has been
designated as the site for housing most of the
UBC offices that provide services to students
and the first renovations to the building will be
carried out in the next academic year with a
view to moving the Student Counselling and
Resources Centre there in 1981.
Over the next two years, Brock Hall will
undergo additional renovations to house the
Awards Office, which co-ordinates financial aid
to   students,   and   the   psychiatric   unit   now
The President's Report 1979-80/33 34/The President's Report 1979-80
associated with the Student Health Service.
These units will join three other major offices —
the Co-operative Education and Internship programs, the Canada Employment Centre and the
Women Students' Office — which are already
located in Brock Hall and which provide important services to students.
Before turning to the accomplishments of our
students in 1979-80 I take this opportunity to
report briefly on the operations of the units
which provided services to students during the
academic year.
The Student Counselling and Resources Centre (formerly the Office of Student Services)
directs its efforts to the provision of counselling
services to present and prospective students in
the area of vocational, educational and personal
concerns. Complementary to this function is the
implementation of a wide range of resources
which will maximize the students' utilization of
the educational opportunities available at UBC.
During the academic year, nearly 7,900
students availed themselves of counselling services at the centre and others attended workshops on development of study skills, personal
growth, assertiveness training, making career
decisions and job search and interview techniques. The centre also placed greater emphasis
on the high school and college liaison program,
making 217 visits to junior and senior secondary
schools, an increase of seven per cent over the
previous year. Thirteen of the 14 public
regional colleges in the province were visited as
well. The centre also publishes a monthly newsletter for schools and colleges.
Iii addition to an outreach program, the centre arranges for high school groups to visit the
campus for orientation sessions. As part of the
University's program to improve accessibility to
UBC, the centre prepared a new publication entitled Info UBC for distribution to schools and
colleges and arranged for groups of grade 10
students from Ocean Falls and Hazleton to visit
the campus for several days. These groups
stayed in campus residences and received an introduction to campus and city life. The centre
also provided information and services to special
groups of students, e.g. entering students whose
first language was not English, handicapped
students, and mature students seeking admission to UBC. The centre has had an excellent
response to a summer orientation program for
entering students and their parents.
Other functions of the centre include administration of the UBC Youth Employment
program funded by the provincial government
and administration of a contract to provide services to scholars from overseas studying in B.C.
under the auspices of the Canadian International Development Agency of the federal
government. Yet another program that deserves
mention here is the centre's Volunteer Data
Bank which allows students to gain career experience by associating themselves with agencies
that offer community services.
The Women Students' Office located in
Brock Hall has a mandate to assist women
students to realize fully their educational potential and to set the highest possible career goals.
In 1979-80 the office undertook a major expansion of its career counselling, career development  and group counselling programs.  Pro
grams initiated in the previous year — career-
choices workshops and assertiveness training
groups — were further developed and group
sessions dealt with decision making, time
management, life planning, relationship issues
and communication skills.
New programs undertaken in response to student requests included weekly "storefront"
counselling at Speakeasy, the student information centre in the Student Union Building, a
"brown-bag" lunch group for mature students,
stress management workshops, a single-parent
group and a workshop on handling job interviews. The office also sponsored a number of
programs in association with other UBC groups,
e.g. a "return-to-learning" day for mature
women in association with the Centre for
Continuing Education and assistance with the
alcohol-awareness program in single-student
residences on the campus.
The Student Health Service of the University
moved during the academic year from the
Wesbrook Building to new quarters in the
Walter Koerner Acute Care Unit of the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital. The service provides
medical and psychiatric counselling for all UBC
students and also has admitting privileges to the
acute-care unit for students who require
hospital care. The service is staffed by eight
doctors, including three psychiatrists, five
nurses and seven clerks and provides a full range
of medical, laboratory and x-ray services.
On March 14 and 15, 1980, the University
held another in its series of Open House events,
which until this year have been staged on a
triennial basis. The decision to stage Open
House on an annual basis stems from the rapid
growth of the campus in recent years and the inability of many of our visitors to see all the exhibits and displays. In order that the public may
get an in-depth look at campus activities, it was
also decided to restrict Open House to specific
groups of disciplines. Last March, the spotlight
was on the health sciences, an appropriate
choice in the light of the imminent completion
of the new acute care unit and the additions to
the basic medical sciences buildings in the John
F. McCreary Health Sciences Centre. I mention
Open House in this section of my report because
in a very real sense its success depends to a large
extent on the energies and efforts of students,
many of whom prepare displays and man them
for long hours. It was generally agreed that the
1980 Open House was extremely well attended
and I congratulate the students and faculty
members in the Faculties of Medicine, Dentistry
and Pharmaceutical Sciences for the high quality of their efforts in this important public relations function.
The University's Co-operative Education and
Internship Programs underwent further expansion in the 1979-80 academic year. Both these
programs are designed to integrate academic
life with experience in the workplace during the
summer and winter months.
The Co-operative Education Program is open
to students in the Faculty of Science who are
planning to enter first-year Forestry or
Engineering. The students undertake three consecutive summer work placements related to
their academic studies and in addition to being
evaluated by  the  employer must  produce  a technical report that is graded by a faculty advisor. In the summer of 1980, 62 students and
31 employers, including B.C. Hydro, MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. and Noranda Mines were
involved in the program.
The Internship Program provides work placements for Arts, Commerce and Education
students during the winter session in business
firms and other agencies in and around Vancouver. The program gives students an opportunity to apply the organizational, analytical
and research skills they have acquired in their
academic training to a particular job. Some 50
students will take advantage of this program in
the coming year, working for provincial and
federal government agencies, business firms and
television stations as well as organizations such
as the B.C. Civil Liberties Association.
Both these programs were begun as part of
the Women Students' Office but now operate as
a separate office owing to their successful
growth and the increasing volume of work connected with them.
The reputation which UBC enjoys in the
community is to a significant extent the result of
the quality of the education which our students
receive and which fits them to take their place
in the industrial and cultural life of Canada.
Many of our students distinguish themselves by
winning scholarships and other awards in open
competition with students from other universities. I have no hesitation in saying that UBC
students are a source of pride to the University
in the light of their success in these competitions. Space does not permit me to name each of
them in this report; I simply take this opportunity to express my congratulations to 1979-80
winners of awards and to list below some student accomplishments as outlined in the reports
from the deans of the University's 12 faculties.
The UBC chapter of the American Institute
of Chemical Engineering received an Outstanding Chapter Award, one of 11 made in North
America. The award reflects the level of participation, enthusiasm, professionalism, program activities and general involvement in community life of Chemical Engineering students.
Students in Civil Engineering captured the best-
engineering award and completed the fastest
runs in an annual competition for the design of
Students in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration at the doctoral level
received 11 major awards, including two
fellowships from the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council and a Seagram's
Fellowship. An interdisciplinary student was
awarded the Japan Foundation Fellowship and
spent the year in Japan as an honorary fellow of
the Institute for Developing Economies. Kim
Forrester, a student in Commerce and the Centre for Transportation Studies was the first
Canadian to be awarded the Emily Kentz
Transportation Scholarship by Traffic Clubs International.
Twenty-two students in the Institute of
Animal Resource Ecology were awarded competitive scholarships, including 19 Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research Council
awards and two foreign government awards.
Also in the Faculty of Graduate Studies, for the
second consecutive year more UBC students in
the Centre for Transportation Studies received
Transport Canada Fellowships at the master's
level than did students of any other Canadian
Outstanding individual awards included the
In Agricultural Sciences, Marion Yas received
the Monsanto Inc. Scholarship in weed science,
marking the first time this award has been made
to a UBC student; Connie Minato won the Institute of Food Technology's western section
award for the best undergraduate research
paper; and Eloisa Labadan received honorable
mention in the 1980 Canadian Agricultural
Economics Society Master of Science competition.
In Applied Science, Kenneth Rea, a
Mechanical Engineering student taking a major
in naval architecture, won first prize for his
fourth-year undergraduate project in a competition sponsored by the Seattle branch of the
Society of Naval Architects.
In the Faculty of Arts, Brian Lavelle, a
graduate student in Classical Studies, was
awarded a fellowship to attend the American
School of Classical Studies in Athens, Greece,
and in Music, Kristina Sutor, a piano student,
was the first recipient of a new award for excellence in undergraduate music performance
from the Austro-Canadian Businessmen's
In the School of Community and Regional
Planning, the Peter Cotton Fellowship for
graduate studies in heritage conservation was
Maryke Gilmore directs UBC's
Co-operative Education and
Internship Programs, which
are designed to give students
the opportunity to integrate
academic life with experience
in the workplace during the
winter and summer months.
The President's Report 1979-80/35 awarded to Stuart Lazear.
In the Faculty of Law, a team of three
second-year Law students, Mark Tweedy, Geoffrey Thompson and Chris Thomas, won the
Canadian round of the Jessup International
Moot Competition and were placed fifth in the
international finals at Washington, D.C.
Those students who distinguished themselves
in their academic studies and were named heads
of their respective graduating classes are listed
later in this report under the section dealing
with our annual Congregation for the award of
honorary and academic degrees.
UBC athletes again distinguished themselves
by winning a number of championships and individual honors in 1979-80. Our English rugby
team captured four awards, including the
World Cup and the McKechnie Cup,
emblematic of the B.C. championship; our
revived Thunderbird swimming team won the
Canada West swimming and diving title; our
women's gymnastic team very nearly won the
national collegiate meet; the women's curling
team won the Canada West championship; the
women's rowing team were Canada Open
champions; and the women's squash team took
the championship cup in the Vancouver
Womens' League.
Athletes of the year at UBC were gymnast
Patti Sakaki for women competitors and
wrestler Tim Hirose and footballer Kevin
Konar, who share the 1979-80 award for male
The University continued in 1979-80 to
upgrade its sports facilities so that members of
the University community and general public
are able to enjoy opportunities for competition
and recreation. Thunderbird Stadium was
equipped with lights to enable football to be
played at night, a new floor was laid in the War
Memorial Gymnasium for the first time since
that facility was opened in the early 1950s, and
new tennis courts were opened.
I reiterate here what has been said in previous
reports on athletic activities: our athletic program, far from being elitist, is designed to provide opportunities for all members of the
University community to participate in formal
and informal athletic activities, and we strive to
make our facilities available to community
organizations. The combination of these two
groups mean that our major facilities are in use
day and night during the University year.
36/The President's Report 1979-80
The University has taken seriously its responsibilities in the field of continuing education
from its very beginnings in 1915. UBC's first
president, Dr. Frank Wesbrook, spoke of "the
people's University" meeting "all the needs of all
the people." Succeeding UBC presidents were
conscious of the University's responsibilities in
this area and strove, within the resources
available, to make UBC's presence felt in every
corner of the province.
The Mission Statement issued in the 1979-80
academic year commits the University to the
provision of "a wide array of programs in continuing education for the general public and
professionals." It is our belief, expanded on
later in the statement, that UBC has "a
province-wide mandate and responsibility for
providing credit and non-credit continuing
education and professional development, both
full- and part-time  (The University) should
use its unique resources to provide continuing
education, to provide leadership and to experiment in the broad field of continuing education, to co-operate with other institutions in
broadening the scope of continuing education
and to provide professional training and
research in continuing education."
The University continued, in the 1979-80
academic year, to take its responsibilities in the
area of continuing education seriously, as
reflected in the following reports.
In the last academic year, a total of 94,421
persons participated in the continuing education programs offered by eight UBC divisions
which provide services to students, professional
people and the general public in all parts of the
province. The registrations for each of these
programs is shown in the table opposite.
Particularly notable are the expanded commitments which have been made by the
Faculties of Agricultural Sciences and Forestry.
Agricultural Sciences now has firm bases of
operation in a number of Interior centres as the
result of the signing of agreements with regional
colleges, which are making their facilities
available for academic credit courses and non-
credit symposia. A total of 1,232 persons attended a variety of events in the field of poultry
production, processing and marketing,
livestock, arboriculture, big game animals and
The Faculty of Forestry, while it registered
only 78 persons for professional development
programs,  is poised to expand its continuing STATISTICAL SUM MAP V Or PARTICIPATION IN
Eitra-Seiwiona I Credit Program* J 0,018
Centre for Continuing Eduraiinn {including
Guided Independent Study) 52,526
Division of Continuing Education in the
UeaJihSciehLn 11,560
Professional PrufjramKi of the Faculty of
Commerce and Huiines* AuTninixtraiion 10,968
Professional Continuing Education Program
trl the School of .Social Work 779
Professional Continuing Education Activities
nf the Facility of Agricultural Sciences 1,232
Professional Continuing Education Activities
of the Faculty of Education 7,460
Professional Continuing Education Activities
(ii the Fatuity uf Forestry 78
education program significantly in the years to
come. Their main thrust in 1979-80 was in
organizing the development of credit courses
which will be available through the Guided Independent Study program of our Centre for
Continuing Education. Development of eight
courses began in 1979-80 and four of these will
be available in the next academic year.
The efforts of the forestry faculty to expand
its outreach program is particularly important
in the light of recent B.C. developments in
forestry. A new Forest Act, largely based on the
recommendations of Prof. Peter Pearse, UBC's
well-known resource economist, is now in place
and includes incentives to enable companies
which manufacture forest products to enter the
field of silviculture, the branch of forestry that
deals with the propagation and growing of trees.
But the efforts which are now being made by
government and industry to ensure that the province will have a viable forest industry in the
future will be in vain unless a massive effort is
made to provide trained manpower to carry out
projects in the fields of reforestation, utilization
and harvesting. Not only do we need to foster
the growth of our own forestry school, we must
also upgrade to degree level the qualifications of
forest technicians and keep practising professionals aware of the latest developments in
forestry practice. It is these latter two functions
which the expanding continuing education program in Forestry is designed to satisfy.
The 1979-80 academic year marked the tenth
anniversary of the transition by the Centre for
Continuing Education from its former status as
the University's Department of Extension. The
change of name in the 1969-70 academic year
was more than just window dressing. It denoted
a change in philosophy based on the idea that
the centre not only extends what is found in
credit programs but has an independent life of
its own and can venture out and engage in pro
grams for which there is no logical base in any
existing academic program.
In the last decade, programs and services
organized and administered by the centre
evolved in tune with the changing needs of individuals and of society in B.C. and with changing perceptions within the University concerning its role in the provision of continuing education.
Fourteen new program areas were added during the 1970s to those in existence in 1969.
These included a diploma program for instructors in vocational schools and community colleges, the gerontology program for those who
work with older adults, the Women in Management and career development programs, the
computer science program and the family life
program in home economics. To these professional continuing education programs, the centre added some important non-credit programs
— the Women's Resources Centre and lifestyles
program, the Interior program based in the
Okanagan, and the pre-retirement education
Enrolments in programs sponsored by the
centre showed very substantial increases in the
past decade. Enrolment for programs in continuing education for the professions increased
by 170 per cent, those for general, non-credit
programs by 99 per cent. The overall increase in
registrations for the decade was 127 per cent.
Jindra Kulich, the director of the Centre for
Continuing Education, says that some discernible program trends were identified in 1979-80.
"The centre is experiencing an increasing
return of interest among the broad public in
general liberal arts programs such as history
courses, courses on the Bloomsbury Group, and
Biblical literature courses, which again started
to attract large audiences; this trend is also visible in the creative arts area where appreciation
courses are regaining popularity lost temporari-
The President's Report 1979-80/37 The Centre for Continuing
Education directed by findra
Kulich added 14 new programs
to its offerings during the 1970s
and now ranks as one of the
leading extension organizations
in the academic world.
38/The President's Report 1979-80
ly to studio courses. At the same time, these
trends do not seem to diminish significantly interest in skills courses."
Another unit which is active in the provision
of continuing education is the Office of Extra-
Sessional Studies, established in response to the
increasing numbers of students who needed
University credit courses but could not attend
the regular winter session. A total of 3,084
students registered for extra-sessional courses in
1979-80. Of that total, 1,175 registered for the
105 Education courses offered in 47 locations
throughout the province. The 1980 spring session enrolled 3,017 students, an increase of 260
or 9.4 per cent over the previous year, and our
summer session registered 3,917 students, a
decrease of 5.7 per cent.
The number of part-time students attending
the winter evening and spring sessions has increased significantly since the Office of Extra-
Sessional Studies was established. In the last
four years, enrolment in Arts courses is up by 31
per cent; those for Faculty of Science courses by
64 per cent; and in Commerce by 44 per cent.
In order to make it possible for the part-time
student to complete degree requirements for a
major, many more upper-division courses
needed to be offered. In 1979, all departments
in the Faculties of Arts and Science were asked
to determine the feasibility of establishing a
three-year sequence of courses during the winter
evening and spring sessions which would allow
completion of a major within that time. The
response was very gratifying and 14 departments now provide such a sequence. It should
be added here that degree-completion by part-
time study has been available in the Master of
Business Administration program for a number
of years.
The Division of Continuing Education in the
Health Sciences, which is responsible to the Coordinator, Health Sciences, is divided into six
units which deliver educational services to doctors, dentists, nurses, pharmacists and rehab-
litation and nutrition experts. The total attendance at courses sponsored or co-sponsored by
the division in the 1979-80 academic year was
11,360, an increase of more than 2,000 over the
previous year, when 9,263 registered. It is interesting to note here that of the total of 202
courses offered by the division in 1979-80, 91
were given on the UBC campus and 111 were offered in off-campus centres in all parts of the
More than half the courses and registrations
occur in units concerned with continuing
education in medicine and dentistry. Dentistry
offered 34 on-campus and 41 off-campus
courses which attracted total registrations of
4,095; Medicine provided 24 courses on-campus
and 18 off-campus, attended by 2,777 doctors.
The total registration for these two units was
6,872. New programs offered by the medical
continuing education unit were a Wednesday
evening lecture series which dealt in depth witb
a variety of topics and which will be continued
in 1980-81, and one-day structured courses
available on request to physicians in communities in B.C.
The Continuing Education in the Pharmaceutical Sciences unit continued and expanded its independent study program, which
drew 955 registrants for its first series of courses
and 601 for the second. The Continuing Education in Rehabilitation Medicine unit provided
an eight-week course in neuro-development
treatment with the aid of funding from the
Vancouver Foundation, the Elks and the Rotary
Continuing education programs offered by
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration drew total registrations of 10,968
in 1979-80 under four headings — executive
programs, the diploma division, certificate programs and the real estate division.
The executive programs division offered 79
management seminars to 1,839 participants in
locations on and off the campus. These
seminars covered a wide range of topics of interest to executives and managers, including
human resource administration and computerized management information systems.
The faculty's diploma division provided five
professional development courses in conjunction with various professional associations,
which were attended by 5,334 persons. It should
be emphasized here that these are not short
courses leading to easily obtained diplomas;
each of the courses takes a minimum of three
and a maximum of five years to complete and
all are subject to rigorous standards of academic
achievement. The faculty's certificate programs division offers two courses — the preparatory notaries
public course and the three-year certificate in
real property office administration. The commerce faculty's real estate division provided professional training in four areas to 3,752 students
in 1979-80, two of the areas on a national basis.
The continuing education program sponsored by the School of Social Work has two objectives — to enhance the knowledge and skills
of degree-holding social workers and to provide
educational opportunities for the substantial
number of persons employed in the social services who lack professional education. A total of
779 persons attended the school's programs in
1979-80. Events included 39 continuing education courses, which drew 539 registrants, evening colloquia attended by 60 people and a conference on family practice, which registered
The Faculty of Education has carried on an
active program of continuing education for
many years. Most of its efforts in this area are
directed to the teachers of the province, but an
equally valuable aspect of the faculty's efforts
has been assistance to business corporations in
training for management skills, in decisionmaking and critical thinking and in the area of
language competency.
The education faculty has also extended its
efforts beyond the boundaries of B.C. by offering courses in the Yukon leading to the
Bachelor of Education degree. In addition to
those registered for the degree program, a
number of Yukon residents are participating in
the program purely out of interest and for self-
In 1979-80, the faculty offered 151 credit
courses in 47 B.C. school districts and in the
Yukon. Of the total 1,328 students served, 875
were residents in non-metropolitan areas, representing an increase of 32 per cent in registrations in the Interior of the province. In addition, the faculty recorded 6,132 registrations for
non-credit programs, 5,695 of them in the Interior.
The University also continues to make a
significant contribution to the cultural life of
the province through a variety of programs that
could just as easily be listed in this report under
the heading of public service.
The Museum of Anthropology, for instance,
attracted 16,656 persons for single lectures and
lecture series, performances and other public
events. These events are designed to appeal to a
wide range of ages from school-age children to
senior citizens. Total attendance at the museum
was 149,245 persons of all ages.
Two notable events in the museum's year
were the celebration of the completion of Bill
Reid's monumental sculpture Raven and the
First Men, unveiled at a special ceremony on
April 1, 1980, by Prince Charles, and the raising in August, 1980, of a new totem pole adjacent to the museum, which was carved at 'Ksan
near Hazleton. The University is grateful to Dr.
Walter Koerner, who commissioned the Raven
sculpture, and to the Royal Bank of Canada for
the 'Ksan totem pole.
The UBC Botanical Garden continued to expand its continuing education activities both for
professional specialized groups and the public in
association with the Centre for Continuing
Education, Continuing Education in
Rehabilitation Medicine and the UBC Speakers
Bureau operated by the Alumni Association.
The garden's horticulture therapy program,
carried out in conjunction with the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, is designed to aid in
the rehabilitation of the elderly and others and
to enhance the academic training program of
occupational therapists. Staff of the garden
gave 30 lectures during the annual Home and
Garden Show at the Pacific National Exhibition, answered 4,200 enquiries from the public
about plant care, and continued its public information program through newspapers, radio
and television.
The garden was honored by the American
Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta
during the academic year. The association gave
its Dorothy Hansell Award for technical
publications to the garden for a publication
issued in conjunction with the exhibit entitled
"Plantae Occidentalis: 200 Years of Botanical
Art in British Columbia," which concluded a
cross-Canada tour in Victoria in August, 1980.
The garden also maintains close ties with professional organizations such as the B.C. Nursery
Trades Association and the B.C. Society of
Landscape Architects. A program has been
established for the orderly introduction of new
materials from the Botanical Garden for the industry through the B.C. Landscape Plant Improvement Association.
The Departments of Music and Theatre and
the Fine Arts Gallery offered an almost continuous series of concerts, theatrical performances and exhibitions throughout the University year.
The music department presented 23 faculty
concerts and 66 student recitals on the campus
and in off-campus centres on Vancouver Island,
in the Fraser Valley, the Interior and northern
Pioneering agreement covering
co-operation between Cariboo
College in Kamloops and
UBC's Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences for offering credit and
non-credit courses was signed
during the academic year by
college principal Charles
Brewster, seated left, and Dean
Warren Kitts, head of UBC's
Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences, seated right. Looking
on left to right are Dr. Maurice
Granger, chairman of physical
and life sciences at the
Kamloops College; Dr. Michael
Pitt, UBC range specialist who
co-ordinates courses at the college; Maureen Garland,
associate director of the
Agricultural Sciences Interior
Program; and Dr. George
Winter, director of the faculty's
Interior program.
The President's Report 1979-80/39 UBC's Departments of Theatre
and Music combined during
the academic year to stage Benjamin Britten's opera Albert
40/The President's Report 1979-80
B.C. The department also hosted a number of
outstanding musicologists and brought to the
campus as an artist-in-residence Maureen
Forrester, who gave a recital as well as master
classes for students. The department also
presented a two-week baroque music workshop
and a one-week early music and dance
workshop in association with the Vancouver
Society for Early Music.
Some 21,000 persons saw theatre productions
staged by the Department of Theatre in the
Frederic Wood Theatre and the Dorothy
Somerset Studio. Five major productions, including Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's
Dream and Thornton Wilder's Our Town, were
staged between September, 1979, and March,
1980, and Stage Campus '80, supported by the
provincial government's Youth Employment
Program, presented three plays during the summer of 1980.
The UBC Fine Arts Gallery continues to
mount a series of lively and interesting exhibitions despite its totally inadequate location in
the basement of the UBC Library. Seven exhibits between September, 1979, and April,
1980, showed a variety of art forms, including
basketry, sculpture, paintings and drawings,
photographs and graphic art. Hopefully, the
University will be able to construct a new art
gallery in the not-too-distant future, thereby
completing the Norman MacKenzie Centre for
Fine Arts.
Each year, the academic and recreational life
of the campus is enhanced by the presence of
numerous visitors, who give public lectures and
participate in seminars, colloquia and other
public events attended by faculty, students,
support staff and the general public. More than
7,600 persons attended 22 public lectures given
by speakers who came to UBC under the
auspices of a fund established a number of years
ago by former UBC student Cecil Green and his
wife, Ida; the UBC Computing Centre
presented 35 non-credit courses attended by 700
people; the Institute of Applied Mathematics
and Statistics held 67 seminars and workshops
during the academic year and provided a free
consulting service on statistical problems for
faculty members and students; the Centre for
Human Settlements attracted some 340 participants to 15 public lectures; and the Department of Fine Arts organized lectures on a wide
range of topics, including Canadian and
medieval art and architecture.
The University's 5,157-hectare research forest
in the Fraser Valley near Haney includes a
demonstration forest for the use of schools and
the general public in order to demonstrate
forest management practices. During 1979-80,
outdoor education day visits drew 3,962 visitors,
2,281 persons were accommodated for residential visits and more than 4,122 individuals participated in public tours. In the summer of
1980, the forest employed Bruce Gilmour, who
is blind, to provide tours of the forest for the
handicapped. A tactile map of the demonstration forest has been developed so that the visually handicapped can find their way around the
area. This aid is supplemented by a tape recording which blind visitors can listen to as they walk through the area.
The UBC Speakers Bureau operated by the
Alumni Association completed its fifth year of
operation in 1979-80. Arrangements were made
for 400 members of the UBC faculty and staff to
speak to pre-school and day-care parent groups,
service clubs, school classes, career days, garden
clubs and voluntary organizations. The UBC
Faculty Association  also operates a speakers
bureau which sends faculty members to all parts
of the province to speak on the fundamental
purpose of the University.
I extend to all those who are involved in our
many-faceted continuing education program
my thanks and that of the University community generally for the continuing effort to bring
the resources of the University to the citizens of
UBC's library collections
almost doubled in size during
the 1970s to 2.1 million items
and a recent report recommends an early start on new
construction to create more
space for the normal growth of
collections until 1990.
In comparison with the 1960s, the past
decade was one of stablized growth and consolidation for the Library. It was in the 1960s
that the Library, like the University, experienced a sudden acceleration in its rate of development. In the case of the University, this could be
seen in the increased number of students and
faculty, and in the appearance of many new
courses and programs. In the case of the
Library, the collections began to grow quickly,
as did the use of those collections and the attendant services. The library system itself expanded and decentralized.
In the 1970s, the experience of the Library
again mirrored that of the University: growth
was moderate but steady, and impressive in its
results. Accessions to the collection averaged
more than 100,000 physical volumes a year,
resulting in almost a doubling of the collection
to more than 2.1 million items. This was only
part of the story: the Library in 1980 holds more
than 3 million items in other formats, such as
microforms, government publications, maps,
sound recordings, computer tapes, and many
other media for the recording of information.
The use of the collections, measured in terms
of items borrowed, rose by about 15 per cent, if
one compares statistics at the beginning and
end of the decade. Use seems to have levelled off
at about 2.3 million items a year, a figure which
can be doubled to account for unmeasured use
within libraries. What is striking is the total
measured use for the decade: more than 22.5
million items were borrowed.
Reference assistance is measured by the
number of questions answered by staff
members, now averaging about 330,000 per
year. But the total for the decade was close to 3
The years were not without their problems,
ones that afflicted research libraries generally in
North America. Inflation, combined with a
gradual decline of the value of the Canadian
dollar against both the U.S. dollar and other
currencies, greatly increased the cost of maintaining the collections, since most scholarly
publications must be imported. Expenditures
tripled in 10 years to more than $3 million,
which in itself testifies to the University's determination to maintain the quality of the Library
as a resource for teaching and research, as well
as for extramural users across the province. 42/The President's Report 1979-80
The development of the physical library did
not keep pace with needs either during the
1960s or the 1970s, with the result that new
space must be constructed soon to accommodate collections, users and staff. Nevertheless, the '70s witnessed the completion of
some major building projects, such as an addition to the Woodward Biomedical Library, a
new Law Library, and the popular Sedgewick
Undergraduate Library and a new Library Processing Centre.
Having launched a number of pioneering and
successful computer-based systems in the 1960s,
the Library continued its program of automation throughout the 1970s, culminating in 1978
with the implementation of a catalogue system
which replaces the familiar drawers of cards
with computer-output microfiche. The Library
also improved access to on-line information
retrieval systems, principally for scientific
literature, and established its own Data Library,
to collect and make available statistical information in machine-readable form.
In June, 1980, I received an interim report
from a presidential committee I established in
the last academic year to look into the space requirements of the Library system. One of their
major conclusions was that in less than a decade
all the space in the existing system for new books
and materials will be full.
The University, the report said, should make
an immediate start on a building program to
create more room for the normal growth of
book and other collections until 1990 and to
provide adequate space for some other library
functions. The committee estimated that the
cost of new construction to stave off the looming
crisis for the Library would be in the order of
$25 million or more.
The 33-member committee chaired by Dr.
Peter Larkin, the dean of Graduate Studies, has
also been asked to prepare a comprehensive
plan for meeting the Library's space needs and
to recommend priorities for library construction. A series of technical studies to be carried
out by the Facilities Planning Office of the
University was initiated during the summer and
Dean Larkin's committee plans to present a
final report for consideration in the fall of 1980.
While these studies of the physical needs of
the Library were in progress, the Library itself
was examining other facets of its operations. In
the spring of 1980, more than 6,000 users completed an opinion survey on Library services, a
second enquiry was launched into the management of collections, and the processing divisions
completed an intensive review of their operations with a view to improving cataloguing procedures in the face of a growing backlog of un-
shelved books. The results of the users' survey
are being analysed and a report will be issued in
the 1980-81 academic year.
As to the outlook for the 1980s, perhaps the
most concise statement on the library system
was one included in the Mission Statement
issued in the 1979-80 academic year: "To maintain and expand the collections and resources of
the Library in order to provide the best possible
support for the University's academic programs,
scholarship and research."
That objective has been the policy of the
University during the latter part of the 1970s, a
policy which has not always been easy to follow
in the light of financial constraints. In his report
to me on Library operations, University
Librarian Basil Stuart-Stubbs says that given a
continuation of this policy and hopefully with a
lessening of financial constraints, it will be the
Library's objective to continue to provide to the
campus and extramural communities the
highest level of service possible within the
available resources.
Mr. Stuart-Stubbs then sets out six specific
objectives for the 1980s. These are:
• A solution to the pressing space requirements that will not only carry the Library
into the 1990s, but which will improve access to
collections and services and enhance the quality
of the campus environment through distinguished architecture.
• A formulation of collections management
policies and procedures that relate acquisitions
closely to programs of teaching and research
and maximize the use of the collections budget.
• Maintenance of the collections, and the
collections budget, at levels sufficient to meet
University needs as a first priority, and provincial needs as a second priority; this acknowledges that by virtue of the size and uniqueness
of its collections, the Library must act as a
resource for the province.
• Provision to University students and faculty of public reference services at at least existing
levels, and with adequate financial support the
extension of those services to other post-
secondary students and faculty, to professional
groups and to patrons at large.
• Elimination of cataloguing and other processing backlogs.
• The provision of more current information
about the collections in more locations and by
more sophisticated means; essentially this implies the continuation of the automation program and the implementation of an on-line,
computer-based all-inclusive data bank.
By these means, the Library will assist the
University in meeting the other objectives laid
out in the Mission Statement: namely, the improvement of academic programs, increased
graduate studies and research, improved student accessibility and part-time degree completion, and expanded continuing education and
non-University use of facilities. Capital financing
and new construction
Construction of a new $5.8
million building to house the
School of Home Economics
began during the 1979-80
academic year.
During the 1979-80 academic year, the
University continued its efforts to improve and
upgrade its physical plant in order to provide an
environment in which teaching and research
can flourish. A continuing theme of this section
of my annual report has been that many University departments are still housed in substandard quarters which hampers their ability
to carry out the basic functions of higher education. In addition, as enrolments in some of
UBC's professional faculties increase, e.g.
Agricultural Sciences, Forestry and engineering
programs in Applied Science, the resulting overcrowding in classrooms and the pressure on
diminishing space for research taxes the patience of students and faculty members alike.
We are continuing to press the Universities
Council for the capital funds necessary to
enhance educational quality at UBC.
Earlier in this report I dealt with the
significance of the completion of the Health
Sciences Centre and the Walter C. Koerner
Acute Care Unit. The Koerner Unit was constructed for the most part with funds channelled
through the Greater Vancouver Regional
Hospital District, which was responsible for
liaison with the contractors for the building.
The top floor of the unit, however, was UBC's
responsibility, since it provides accommodation
for the Schools of Nursing and Rehabilitation
Medicine. The completion of this facility meant
that these schools were able to centralize their
operations in one of the major units of the
Health Sciences Centre, which is dedicated to
the team approach to health care.
Also completed during the academic year
were additions to Blocks A and B of the Basic
Medical Sciences Buildings in the John F. McCreary Health Sciences Centre. These additions
are an integral part of the expansion of enrolment in the Faculty of Medicine and provide
added teaching and research space essential for
that expansion.
Yet another construction project completed
during the academic year as part of the Health
Sciences Centre was a 1,000-car parking structure to the west of the acute care and extended
care units. This was an essential addition to our
parking facilities in this area, not only for the
increasing number of employees and doctors
who come to the Health Sciences Centre daily,
but also for those visiting patients in the hospital
The road system to the south of the Health
Sciences Centre was substantially upgraded during the 1979-80 academic year to provide improved access to the centre and the provincial
Ministry of Highways began major improve-
The President's Report 1979-80/43 Stanley Weston, a UBC
graduate and member of the
Board of Governors, made
recommendations in December, 1979, for the control of
erosion on the Point Grey cliffs
below the University campus.
44/The President's Report 1979-80
ments to 16th Avenue and Southwest Marine
Other construction projects that got under
way in 1979-80 included the following:
• Completion of the interior of the Asian
Centre adjacent to the Nitobe Garden to provide space for UBC's outstanding collection of
books on the language, history and culture of
Asia and India, office space for faculty
members in the Department of Asian Studies
and the Institute for Asian Research, and a
small performance centre for cultural events;
• A new building adjacent to the Frank Forward Building for Metallurgy to house teaching
and research activities in coal and mineral processing; and
• A new building to provide teaching and
laboratory facilities and faculty office space for
the School of Home Economics.
In addition to the projects outlined above,
the provincial government approved capital
funding of more than $2.5 million for modifications and expansion at TRIUMF, the nuclear
research facility located on the UBC campus
which is operated by four western Canadian
In previous reports, I have drawn attention to
the need for action to control erosion on the
Point Grey cliffs below the University. This continuing problem is a potential threat to the safety of a number of important University facilities, including the Museum of Anthropology
and Cecil Green Park. As the last academic year
ended, the Board received a proposed master
plan for the control of erosion, prepared for a
University committee by Swan Wooster Engineering of Vancouver. During the autumn and
winter of 1979, public reaction and suggestions
were sought to this plan, which was estimated to
cost some $12 million to implement over a four-
to-five-year period.
At its October meeting, the Board approved
a resolution which called for one of its members,
Stanley Weston, to carry out a critique of the
plan prepared by Swan Wooster and to prepare
within 60 days a written plan of operation,
timetable and budget for control of the erosion
problem. Mr. Weston lost no time in carrying
out his mandate. He staged public meetings
both on and off the campus on three successive
days early in November to explain the Swan
Wooster proposals and to hear submissions by
representatives of community organizations,
some of which invited erosion-control experts to
appear at the hearings. A total of 33 briefs were
received and a guided tour of the erosion area
was given on Nov. 3.
Mr. Weston laid his recommendations before
the Board at its December, 1979, meeting. He
said that as investigations proceeded, it had
become increasingly apparent that the development of defences for erosion control was a very
sensitive matter. He added that except for one
area at the base of the cliffs, there did not appear to be any need for urgent action in regard
to beach defences. He made a number of
recommendations for work to be carried forward and in February, 1980, the Board approved expenditures totalling $153,000 to enable
certain erosion-control measures to be undertaken in the spring and summer of 1980, including the improvement of access trails to the
beach at the foot of the cliffs, a continuation of
the vegetation program on eroded areas of the
cliff face and the redesign and reconstruction of
a storm drain at the base of the cliff. I emphasize here that the work being undertaken by
the University is subject to discussion with and
the approval of a group of citizens who are interested in retaining the beaches at the base of
the cliff in their natural state.
On behalf of this group of citizens and the
University community I take this opportunity to
express my thanks to Mr. Weston for the speed
and enthusiasm with which he tackled this difficult problem and his diplomacy in arriving at
a solution which has widespread public approval.
Finally, I wish to report that the University is
continuing discussions with Discovery Parks,
Inc. for establishment of a research park on a
58-acre site on the southeast corner of the campus. The concept of a park of this sort was raised in 1977 and direct negotiations began last
On Jan. 24, 1980, a public meeting was held
at the University to provide information about
the park and to hear the position of those who
oppose the idea of such a park or have reservations about certain kinds of tenants. In speaking
to the meeting, I emphasized that at this point
the University is simply negotiating the conditions under which it will lease land to Discovery
Foundation, which is the body responsible for
overall policy concerning the development. We
are insisting that research carried out at
Discovery Park must be related to University interests and expertise so that on-going involvement of faculty and students with research park
tenants is guaranteed. The University is also insisting that it have the right to determine which companies will be able to locate in the park and
that they meet University regulations laid down
by provincial and national regulatory bodies
with respect to environmental protection,
biological and radiation hazards, fire protection
and the care of experimental animals. Because
of some fears expressed at the meeting and in
the news media, I stated categorically that there
would no nuclear-weapons research permitted
on the UBC site, nor would there be any
bacterial-warfare research.
At its March meeting, the Board of Governors heard a delegation of five students
representing the Student Representative
Assembly research park committee, which
presented a brief signed by nearly 1,700 persons, including residents of West Point Grey.
The petition, in addition to requesting a
moratorium on negotiations with Discovery
Park Foundation until public hearings on the
park are held, also proposed establishment of a
"representative body to provide on-going input
into the planning for and management of the
park, from UBC faculty, students and staff, and
from the community."
Those who work and study at the University
of British Columbia are only too aware of the
complexity of the community that occupies
almost 1,000 acres on the tip of Point Grey. We
are, in effect, a city of more than 30,000 people
daily at the height of the University year — a city
with its own system of government responsible
for the basic teaching and research activities as
well as the provision of such services as housing,
food services, traffic and security, heat and
power and the maintenance of roads and
While the Board of Governors and the Senate
are responsible for setting overall policy for
these functions, the carrying out of the day-today operations of the University devolves on its
administrative, supervisory and support staff. I
take this opportunity to extend my personal
thanks to all those who have a part in ensuring
that the University is able to meet its basic
responsibility of providing quality education to
the more than 100,000 persons who annually
make use of services on the campus and in other
centres throughout B.C.
I am especially indebted to the members of
our two senior governing bodies — the Senate
and the Board of Governors — who each year
are called upon without reward to undertake
arduous and time-consuming committee work,
often at considerable personal sacrifice. The
fact that this work is undertaken with alacrity is
ample evidence of their dedication to educational well-being of the people of this province.
In October, 1979, Joy McCusker was appointed to the Board for a three-year term of office
by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. She
succeeded Rendina Hamilton, whose appointment was terminated in order that she might
The Board was impressed with the brief
presented by the student research park committee and held a lengthy discussion on it when the
delegation withdrew. The Board then voted to
arrange for publication of the University position with respect to Discovery Park and to indicate that it welcomed comments on the proposal. In a letter to the student committee the
Board reiterated that it was mindful of the request that University representatives should be
on the park's board of management and that
they should be sensitive to community needs as
well as the interests of the University. The letter
went on to say that the Board had concluded
that after careful consideration of the points
raised by the committee and following a review
of its position on the matter of Discovery Park, it
had met, in the main, the concerns raised by the
As the academic year came to a close in
August, 1980, the University was still engaged in
amicable but very thorough negotiations on the
conditions under which we will lease land for
Discovery Park.
become a member of the Universities Council of
Mrs. McCusker is no stranger to University
activities. She is a graduate who has taken an
active role in UBC affairs, laterally as a member
of the Health Sciences Centre Management
Early in 1980, the students of the University
elected John Pellizzon and Anthony Dickinson,
both students in the Faculty of Applied Science,
as the two student representatives on the Board.
They will serve one-year terms until January of
At its final meeting of the academic year in
July, 1980, the Board re-elected Dr. Leslie R.
Peterson as its chairman for the 1980-81
academic year. Mrs. McCusker was appointed
honorary secretary to the Board for the same
Much of the material reaching the Board and
the Senate falls under the heading of routine
business, which must be approved in conformity
with the Universities Act. However, some Board
and Senate decisions are of widespread interest
to the University community and deserve notice
At its November meeting, the Board approved a motion requesting its chairman to write to
the Universities Council of B.C. to provide that
body with evidence that the University is making efficient use of public funds. This motion
was the result of comments I made on the Council's annual report, which included funding
recommendations for the fiscal year beginning
April 1, 1979.
In its report, the Council said it has been
presented with only "slight evidence" that UBC
was  "taking  appropriate   action  to  meet  the
The President's Report 1979-80/45 t7J3C students elected engineering students John Pellizzon,
left, and Anthony Dickinson in
January, 1980 to represent
them on the Board of Governors for one year.
46/Tb.e President's Report 1979-80
widespread demand for greater efficiency in the
use of all public funds." This extremely unfortunate statement flies in the face of the fact that
the University has done everything possible and
has never failed to comply fully with requests
from the Council for information on our financial operations. There is no question in my mind
that the Council has received a great deal more
than "slight evidence" that we are using our
funds efficiently.
At the same meeting the Board approved a
recommendation from Dr. William Webber,
dean of the Faculty of Medicine, that enrolment
in the first-year class in Medicine be increased
from 100 to 120 students in the fall of 1980.
This expansion of the medical school is another
step in our planned enrolment increase aimed
at doubling the size of the entering class from 80
to 160 students.
At its December, 1980, meeting the Board
approved a series of very important guidelines
that provide a timetable for consideration and
implementation of changes in the University's
tuition-fee structure, and principles to guide the
Board in determining the level of fees and fee
A total of four motions were passed dealing
with tuition-fee implementation, the level of
fees, tuition-fee differentials and student aid.
TIMETABLE. The Board voted to review
fees annually in October and to make a decision
not later than the November meeting for implementation the following spring session which
commences on April 30.
LEVEL OF FEES. Under this heading, the
Board resolved: (a) That tuition fees continue to
form a part of the overall University financial
resources for operating purposes; (b) That such
tuition fees be not less than 10 per cent of the
net budgeted general purpose operating costs
for the current year (i.e., the fiscal year in
which the review is made); and (c) That the gap
between the existing level of fees and the 10 per
cent aforementioned be closed at the discretion
of the Board.
Board voted to continue tuition-fee differentials
for different programs, taking into account the
following factors in setting the differential
levels — cost of program, earning potential of
participants, relative fees for corresponding
programs in other provinces and particularly
western Canada, and national and provincial
priorities and thrusts.
In this connection, the Board also resolved
that tuition fees for new programs should be
such that, at their inception, the new programs
are not a burden on existing programs.
STUDENT AID. The Board resolved to
carry out an annual review of the adequacy of
student aid opportunities at the same time as
the annual review of fees.
At its January, 1980, meeting, the Board approved a new policy statement governing the
outside professional activities of UBC faculty
members, the result of discussions between the
administration and the Faculty Association.
The statement requires faculty members to ensure that heads of departments, directors of
schools and faculty deans are "fully informed
about the general nature and extent of all outside professional activities" and sets out three
situations in which "prior written approval" for
such activities is required. These are when
University facilities are used, when the faculty
member's absence requires the cancelling or
rescheduling of classes, and when the total outside professional activity in any one year
becomes "substantial."
The deans of each of UBC's 12 faculties will
establish a committee of their members to
define the term "substantial" and this definition
must be approved by a full meeting of the faculty before being forwarded to me for final approval. The new policy statement also provides
for the appointment of a University-wide committee to advise me on policies and procedures
associated with outside professional activities
and to consider measures to provide equity
throughout the University.
The approval of this policy is the end result of
a long debate within the University on this
topic. It is an attempt to balance two potentially
conflicting views: recognition by the University
that the competence and effectiveness of faculty members as teachers and scholars may be
enhanced by participation in outside professional activities on the one hand, and the basic
duty of faculty members to be engaged for the
whole of the year in teaching, research and
other University service on the other.
Essentially, the University's policy on this
matter is that the basic responsibilities of faculty
members to their students, their discipline and
their colleagues should not suffer because of a
commitment to outside activities.
During the 1979-80 academic year, there
were further developments in the matter of
Prof. Julius Kane, professor of zoology and a
researcher in the Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology. The Board and Senate will recall that
in April, 1977, I suspended Dr. Kane for a
period of three months without pay on the
grounds that he had made improper use of
UBC's computer and a research grant. Dr.
Kane appealed this suspension to the Board,
which dismissed it after hearing both Prof.
Kane and his counsel.
Prof. Kane thereupon petitioned the
Supreme Court of B.C. for an order that the
Board's resolution dismissing the appeal be
quashed on the grounds of my continued
presence at the Board meeting after Prof. Kane
and his counsel had withdrawn. The B.C.
Supreme Court and the B.C. Court of Appeal
rejected Dr. Kane's petition, but a further appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada resulted
in a reversal of the decision of the lower courts
and the allowance of the appeal.
The result of the Supreme Court decision was
that the Board of Governors had not yet legally
disposed of Dr. Kane's appeal and was required
to hear it again. The suspension of Dr. Kane in
April, 1977, was not an issue before the courts
and therefore stood.
On April 8 and 14, 1980, the Board heard for
a second time Dr. Kane's appeal against the
suspension and resolved that it was satisfied that
he had made improper use of University
facilities and research funds "and accordingly
President Douglas T. Kenny's action in suspending Dr. Kane is hereby upheld and the appeal
In June, 1980, Dr. Kane was convicted in
county court of the theft of funds from a
government research grant and was fined
$5,000. At the end of the academic year, and
after a review of the transcript of Dr. Kane's
trial, I again suspended Dr. Kane and initiated
proceedings for the termination of his appointment.
It seems appropriate here for me to mention
that a list of those individuals, foundations and
companies who have made significant contributions to the University in the form of bequests or
directly for the support of student aid, research
and other purposes is placed before the Board
at each of its meetings. It is always a pleasure for
me to comment on these gifts to the University
because in a very real and tangible way they
reflect the reservoir of good will for the University that exists throughout the community. The
University is deeply indebted to business, industry and foundations, to our graduates and to
hundreds of people who appear to have little or
no direct affiliation with the University for their
thoughtfulness in providing gifts large and small
in support of the basic functions of higher
education. I am grateful, too, to the Alumni
Association for their continuing efforts in the
area of fund-raising and to those people who are
associated with the University Resources Council, which is also concerned with expanding
University resources through private giving.
During the course of the academic year, the
University Senate debated and approved motions on a number of important topics.
At its November meeting, Senate voted to
establish a standing committee on student
awards to advise the director of Awards and
Financial Aid on matters of policy. The new
committee will have to guide it nine recommendations contained in a report to Senate by an ad
hoc committee on awards and scholarships.
At its January meeting, Senate approved a
student-sponsored motion on the accessibility of
exam papers which allows students, provided
they submit a written application, to view marked examination papers with the course instructor.
This policy on the viewing of marked exam
papers was the subject of another discussion at
Senate's February meeting and resulted in a motion referring a proposed Calendar statement on
the subject to UBC's 12 faculties "for consideration of its administrative implications."
At this same meeting, Senate approved in
principle the goals and objectives contained in
the document The Mission of the University,
which was prepared at the request of the
Universities Council.
At its meeting in April, Senate gave approval
to proposals providing for the departmentalization of the Faculty of Education. This move by
the faculty was in line with one of the recommendations made in the report of the
President's Review Committee on the Faculty of
Education, details of which appeared in my last
annual report.
The President's Report 1979-80/47 Awards
48/The President's Report 1979-80
I am always impressed, in the material
prepared for me by the deans of the faculties,
with the number of people who are recognized
annually by their peers for contributions to their
disciplines or who are elected to head professional organizations or chair bodies that are
charged with making studies of matters of
widespread public interest. In the final analysis,
this recognition testifies to the high regard in
which our faculty is held in the academic and
public worlds.
I know I speak on behalf of the University
community in extending congratulations to the
faculty members listed below who received
honors in the 1979-80 academic year.
Wellington of Plant Science, in addition to being named a fellow of the Royal Society of
Canada, was elected a fellow of the Explorer's
Club in recognition of his many contributions to
the science of ecology.
Professor Emeritus Alden Barss of Horticulture was the recipient of a plaque of
recognition from the Canadian Society of Horticultural Science in special recognition of his
continuing support and interest in horticulture.
The University community was saddened later
in the academic year by the death of Dr. Barss,
one of our oldest living faculty members, on July
12, 1980, at the age of 92.
APPLIED SCIENCE. An award for the best
published paper of 1978 was made in October,
1979, by the Canadian Chemical Engineering
Conference to three persons associated with the
chemical engineering department, M. Bala-
subramanian, Axel Meisen and K.B. Mathur.
Prof. Borg Madsen of the Department of
Civil Engineering received the meritorious
achievement award of the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.
Dr. V.J. Modi of the mechanical engineering
department was made a fellow of the British Interplanetary Society.
Prof. J.K. Brimacombe of Metallurgical
Engineering was honored twice by f the
American Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and
Petroleum Engineers. He was the recipient of
the institute's Mathewson Gold Medal and with
two departmental colleagues, Dr. E.B. Hawbolt
and Dr. Fred Weinberg, received the institute's
Robert Woolston Hunt Silver Medal. Dr.
Brimacombe was also the recipient of one of
Canada's most prestigious research awards, the
E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship, and was
named the first occupant of the Stelco Chair in
Metallurgy established by the Steel Company of
Canada in 1980.
Prof. CO. Brawner of Mining and Mineral
Process Engineering was another UBC recipient
of the meritorious achievement award of the
B.C. Association of Professional Engineers for
his many contributions to the engineering profession.
ARTS. Prof. Peter Pearse, who returned to
the campus following a year's leave of absence
with the United Nations to accept a joint appointment in the Department of Economics and
the Faculty of Forestry, received the
Distinguished Forester Award of the Association
of B.C. Professional Foresters for his contributions to public-policy making in the field of
forest resources.
Profs. E.G. Pulleyblank of Asian Studies,
Milton Moore of Economics and Stephen Milne
of Political Science were named fellows of the
Royal Society of Canada.
Dr. Michael Church of the Department of
Geography was awarded the Keefer Gold Medal
of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers;
Prof. Michael Batts of Germanic Studies was
awarded the medal of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; Dr. Dimitri Conomos of the
music department was awarded a prestigious
Guggenheim fellowship for 1980-81; and Raymond Hall of the theatre department received
the best-editing award of the Canadian Film
Editors' Guild.
Joanna Staniszkis of the School of Home
Economics was inducted into the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts for her work as a
designer and weaver of tapestries.
faculty's finance division received the first David
G. Halmstad Award for a paper judged to be
the best new contribution to actuarial literature
published anywhere in the world in 1978.
The appointment of Prof. Michael Brennan
as editor of the Journal of Finance, the leading
publication in its field, marked the first time in
the journal's 35-year history that a non-
American had been appointed editor.
DENTISTRY. Dr. Donald Brunette was the
1980 recipient of the Oral Science Award of the
International Association for Dental Research;
Dr. Michael MacEntee was elected to fellowship
in the Royal College of Dentists of Canada; and
Marlane Paquin was awarded the presidential
silver anniversary trophy of the B.C. Dental
Nurses and Assistants.
EDUCATION. Dr. Bryan Clarke, who
supervises the program for training teachers of
the deaf, received the Sam Rabinovitch
Research and Evaluation Award for outstanding research in special education awarded by
the Canadian Guidance and Counselling
Dr. Margaret Csapo and Dr. John Friesen,
guidance and counselling specialists in the
faculty, were co-winners of the biennial award
of the Canadian Guidance and Counselling
Association for the best research article. Dr.
Friesen was also honored by the association for
the best non-research article. For his distinguished contributions to adult
education in Canada, Gordon Selman received
the Roby Kidd Medal of the Canadian Association of Adult Education.
FORESTRY. Prof. John Walters, director of
the faculty's research forest near Haney in the
Fraser Valley, was the recipient of the achievement award of the Canadian Institute of
Forestry for contributing "sound ideas and
brilliant innovations to Canadian forestry."
Poulton was the co-winner of the annual Rees
Jeffreys Prize for a paper on inner-city transportation which appeared in the Journal of
Transport Economics and Policy published by
the London School of Economics.
Prof. Henry Hightower received an
Outstanding Community Service Award from
the City of Vancouver for his work in local-area
planning arising from student projects in several
parts of the city.
Prof. Mark Zacher, director of the Institute
of International Relations, was the recipient of
the 1980 Award for Pre-eminent Contribution
to Creative Scholarship of the American Society
of International Law as co-author with Michael
M'Gonigle of the book Pollution, Politics and
International Law; Tankers at Sea, an
outgrowth of a four-year study by the institute
of Canada and the international law of the
LAW. Prof. Ray Herbert, who has been a
bencher of the Law Society of B.C. for many
years, was elected to the society's highest post in
1980. He will serve as the treasurer of the body
which governs the legal profession in this province until the end of the calendar year.
MEDICINE. Dr. Stephen Drance, head of
the Department of Ophthalmology, received
the Richardson Cross Medal of the United
Kingdom's Southwestern Ophthalmological
Prof. Charles Culling of Pathology was given
the Outstanding Community Leadership Award
of the YMCA; Dr. John C. Brown of Physiology
was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of
Canada; Dr. Harold Copp was appointed a
Companion of the Order of Canada; and the
September, 1980, issue of the journal
Neurochemical Research will be dedicated to
Dr. Juda Quastel "to honor an outstanding
neurochemist and his contributions."
Dr. Tali Conine, director of the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, was honored as the
recipient of the 1979 Presidential Citation for
Service of the American Society for Allied
Health Professions and the Journal of Allied
Dr. D.D. Greenwood of Audiology and
Speech Sciences was elected a fellow of the
Acoustical Society of America.
Bellward was the recipient of an award of merit
of Lambda Kappa Sigma, the international
professional fraternity for women in pharmacy.
Dr. Finlay Morrison, a long-time member of the
faculty, was elected to honorary life membership in the Canadian Pharmaceutical Association.
SCIENCE. Prestigious fellowships awarded
annually by the Guggenheim Foundation went
to Profs. David Dolphin and David Frost of the
Prof.f. Keith Brimacombe, seated, was honored twice by the American Institute
of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Engineers in 1979-80. He was the recipient of the institute's Mathewson Gold Medal and with departmental colleagues
Dr. Fred Weinberg, centre, and Dr. E.B. Hawbolt, received the institute's
Robert Woolston Hunt Silver Medal. Prof. Weinberg holds the 1980 Alcan
Award of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, which he was
awarded in "recognition of highly significant contributions to the advancement
of metallurgy in Canada. "
Department of Chemistry and to Prof. Robert
M. Miura of the Department of Mathematics.
Prof. Julia Levy of the Department of
Microbiology was the 1980 recipient of the
University's leading research award, the Jacob
Biely Faculty Research Prize, for her work in the
field of immunology. The President's Report 1979-80/49 50/The President's Report 1979-80
Equally impressive is the number of faculty
members who serve as presidents, presidents-
elect or as members of the executives of the
many national and international associations
and societies that are so important a part of the
academic world. Not only do these organizations meet regularly to enable their members to
hear the latest advances in research, they are
also a powerful force in ensuring that academic
standards are maintained and enhanced. I extend my thanks and congratulations to those
listed below for their contributions to their
respective organizations, inasmuch as this activity often involves considerable sacrifices in
terms of classroom and research time.
In Agricultural Sciences, Prof. Michael
Shaw, who is also vice-president for University
development, is president of the Canadian
Botanical Association, Prof. John Neill heads
the Pacific Northwest Chapter of the International Society of Arboriculture and Dr. R.H.
Elliott is president of the Entomological Society
of B.C.
In Applied Science, Prof. Norman Epstein
was elected president of the Canadian Society of
Chemical Engineering.
In Arts, Dr. Steffania Ciccone served as president of the Canadian Society for Italian Studies;
Dr. Arsenio Pacheco was president of the Canadian Association of Hispanists; and Prof. Jerry
Wiggins became president-elect of the Society
for Multivariate Experimental Psychology.
In Commerce and Business Administration,
Prof. Vance Mitchell was elected to the Board
of Governors of the Academy of Management.
In Dentistry, Dean George Beagrie was
elected vice-chairman of the Commission on
Dental Education and Practice of the Federation Dentaire International; Dr. Douglas J. Yeo
was elected chairman of the Council on Education of the Canadian Dental Association; and
Dr. Joseph Tonzetich was elected president of
the Canadian division of the International
Association for Dental Research.
In Education, Acting Dean Roy Bentley
chairs the International Assembly of the National Council of Teachers of English; Dr. Peter
Cookson is chairman of the international adult
education section of the Adult Education
Association of the United States; Dr. Gordon
Dixon chairs the international/intercultural
committee of the Association for Childhood
Education International; Dr. Naomi Hersom
and Dr. Graham Kelsey are the president and
secretary respectively of the Canadian Society
for the Study of Education; Dr. Peter Olley
serves as president of the Western Canadian
Association for Student Teaching; Dr. Hannah
Polowy is president of the Canadian Association
for Young Children; and Dr. William Tetlow,
who is also director of UBC's Institutional
Analysis and Planning department, is president-elect of the Association for Institutional
Research. i
In Forestry, Prof. Harry Smith served as national president of the Canadian Institute of
In Medicine, Dr. G.S. Harris was made president of the Canadian Ophthalmological Society; and Dr. Victor Gomel was elected to the
Board of Trustees of the American Association
of Gynecologic Laparoscopists.
Dr. John McNeill of Pharmaceutical Sciences
served as president of the Canadian Pharmacological Society.
In the Faculty of Science, Prof. G.A.H.
Walker of Geophysics and Astronomy became
president of the Canadian Astronomical Society
and Prof. J.R. Taylor of Oceanography was
named a research associate of the International
Development Research Centre in the Caribbean.
In the 1979-80 academic year, many of our
faculty were also called on to chair specialized
committees or study groups established by professional organizations or by government, appointments which testify to their abilities in
their chosen field.
In Applied Science, Prof. Norman Eley was
appointed chairman of the B.C. section of the
Society of Automotive Engineers and a member
of the Board of Governors of the Canadian Productivity Foundation; Dr. Ian Gartshore was
made an executive member of the Canadian
Wind Engineering Association; Dr. P.G. Hill
has been made a member of the National
Research Council associate committee on propulsion; and Prof. G.W. Poling serves as chairman of the grant evaluation committee of the
B.C. Science Council.
In Arts, Dr. Douglas Bankson is president of
the board of the New Play Centre; Prof. Gideon
Rosenbluth was a consultant and expert witness
for the Bureau of Competition Policy in hearings before the Restricted Trade Practices Commission: Profs. Paul Bradley and Milton Moore
served as consultants and one was an expert
witness in a case under the Combines Investigation Act concerning fertilizer; Richard Prince
was president of the board of the Green Thumb
Theatre for Young People; Dr. John Chapman
is chairman of the board of the Pacific Marine
Training Institute; Prof. Terry McGee chairs
the constitution committee of the Canadian
Council for Southeast Asian Studies; Prof. J.
Ross Mackay chairs the ground ice division of
the International Commission on Snow and Ice;
Dr. Tim Oke chairs the editorial committee of
the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic scientific committee; Dr. Olav
Slaymaker chairs the hydrology section of the
Pacific Northwest Geophysical Union; Prof.
Jean Laponce served as chairman of the Committee on Scientific Information of the Social
Science Federation of Canada; Ben Chud is
chairman of a Commission on a Centralized
Facility for the Education of Hearing-Impaired
Children for the provincial government; Dr.
Richard Splane is president of the Canadian
Association of Social Workers; and Norman
Young chairs the B.C. Arts Board and is a
member of the 1986 Commission to celebrate
Vancouver's birthday.
In Commerce and Business Administration,
Dr. Michael Goldberg is chairman of the
transportation research board committee on urban activity sysems of the U.S. National
Academy of Sciences.
In Dentistry, Dean George Beagrie served as
chairman of the main panel evaluating the National Caries Program of the U.S. National Institute of Dental Research and continues as a
consultant with the World Health Organization; Dr. R.M. Shah served as chairman of the working committee, Developmental Biologists
Group of Canada, Canadian Society of Cell
Biologists; and as a member of the Committee
of the Canadian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, Dr. A.E. Swanson presented
a brief on health care in Canada to a federal
royal commission.
In Education, Dr. A.D. Rusnell led major
program evaluations for the federal Department
of Justice and the Continuing Education Law
In the Centre for Human Settlements, Prof.
Peter Oberlander, its director, continues as
president of the Alumni Council of the
Graduate School of Design of Harvard University; and Knute Buttedahl was elected president
of the Pacific Association for Adult Education.
In Community and Regional Planning, Prof.
Brahm Wiesman prepared a report for the
Canadian Institute of Planners as part of a two-
man task force on implications for the practice
of planning in Canada of the recently revised
provincial planning acts.
Prof. Andrew R. Thompson, director of the
Westwater research centre and professor of law
at UBC, chaired both the Canadian Arctic
Resources Committee and the Fraser River
Estuary Forum and K.J. Hall of Westwater was
chairman of the Fraser River Coalition.
In Law, William W. Black chaired the
discrimination committee of the B.C. Civil
Liberties Association; Prof. C.B. Bourne was a
member of the academic advisory committee to
the Cabinet Committee on Confederation;
David Cohen is national vice-president of the
Consumers Association of Canada and chairman of the advocacy committee of the B.C.
Consumers Association; and Dean Kenneth
Lysyk chairs the Committee of Canadian Law
In Medicine, Dr. James King was appointed
chairman of the Perinatal Program of B.C.; Dr.
Sydney Segal was appointed assistant to Mr.
Justice Thomas Berger, who heads the federal
Commission for Indian and Inuit Health Services; Dorothy Styra was elected to represent
Canada on the World Federation of Occupation
Therapy; Dr. W.L. Dunn is chairman of the
Laboratory Advisory Council to the provincial
Ministry of Health; and Dr. John Ledsome is
chairman of the medical advisory committee of
the B.C. Heart Foundation.
Space does not permit me to list the names of
all those who have performed a multitude of
tasks as editors of journals and as members of
the executives of literally dozens of learned,
government and community organizations.
and retirements
The academic and administrative strength of
the University was enhanced during the 1979-80
academic year by a number of appointments
approved by the Board of Governors.
ADMINISTRATION. Prof. James Kennedy,
director of the University's Computing Centre
since 1966, was appointed vice-president for
University services on July 1, succeeding Charles
Connaghan, who resigned his post to form a
consulting firm in the Vancouver business community.
Earlier in the academic year, Prof. Kennedy
undertook a six-month assignment as special
assistant to the president to chair an Informa-
Prof fames Kennedy resigned
from his post as director of the
University's Computing Centre
to become vice-president for
University services in the President's Office.
The President's Report 1979-80/51 Dr. Alvin Fowler is the new
head of the UBC Computing
Centre and Robin Russell was
named director of the new
University Co-ordination Office during the academic year.
52/The President's Report 1979-80
tion Systems Task Force which looked into
information-systems development at the University. The task force prepared a two-volume
report containing 14 recommendations for
revising the existing system so that it will
generate timely and accurate information
needed for planning, management and financial reports by the University administration
and academic units.
In his post as vice-president, Prof. Kennedy
assumed responsibility for the University's non-
academic support services, including Employee
Relations, Physical Plant, Purchasing, Facilities
Planning and Traffic and Security. Because of
his long association with the Computing Centre,
Prof. Kennedy will also assume overall responsibility for the operations of that important
UBC facility, which formerly was the responsibility of Vice-president Michael Shaw.
Prof. Kennedy was succeeded as Computing
Centre director by Alvin Fowler, a UBC
graduate who has been associated with the centre since 1963 and its associate director since
One of the recommendations contained in
the information systems report prepared by the
task force headed by Prof. Kennedy was the
establishment of a University Co-ordination Office, which would be responsible for communication with all parts of the University and
for enforcement of standards in such matters as
the encoding of information and the design of
major interdepartmental forms. Before the
close of the.academic year, the Board aproved
funds for the establishment of such an office
and for the purchase of new equipment and
other services needed to implement the task
force recommendations. Directing the work of
the new office will be Robin Russell, the Computing Centre's database administrator, who
was a member of the task force on information
On Jan. 1, 1980, Kenneth Young, UBC's
associate registrar, succeeded Jack Parnall as
registrar of the University. Mr. Young, who also
succeeds Mr. Parnall as secretary of the University Senate, has been associated with the
Registrar's Office since 1965 and has occupied
the post of associate registrar since 1973. I take
this opportunity to express my personal thanks
to Mr. Parnall for the dedicated service he
rendered over a period of 30 years in the office
of registrar, which is a very demanding post. He
has ever been an advocate of high admission
and academic standards for the University and
he also made a contribution to maintaining
those standards as a teacher in the Department
of Mathematics.
At its May meeting, the Board approved the
appointment of Allen Baxter as associate vice-
president in the Office of Vice-president and
Bursar William White. Mr. Baxter, who joined
the University's finance department in 1963 and
who was appointed treasurer in 1966, will continue to be responsible for that department's
operations. His new title recognizes his contributions over time and the increasing complexity of University financial affairs.
It seems appropriate here to outline the appointments made for the administration of the
University's athletic program, following the
retirement on June 30, 1980, of RJ. "Bus"
Phillips after 27 years as UBC's Athletic Director. Bus Phillips brought to his post a spirit of dedication to excellence that can be regarded as
a model for our faculty and students alike. Few
individuals have worked harder or longer hours
to ensure that the widest possible opportunities
for recreation and athletic activity were open to
all members of the University community and to
the public in general. Those who know Bus are
delighted that he has accepted the part-time
post as the first executive director of the Canada
West Athletic Association, which will mean that
he will continue to be a familiar figure on the
UBC campus quite apart from maintaining his
association with university athletics.
Succeeding Mr. Phillips as director of
athletics and sports services at the University
will be Dr. Robert Hindmarch, who has been
involved with sports at UBC for more than 30
years as athlete, coach, manager and professor
of physical education. He has been a member of
the UBC faculty since 1955 and coached football and hockey. He has been a member since its
inception of the Vancouver committee which
has attempted to get the Winter Olympics for
Whistler Mountain and served for four years as
president of the Vancouver Olympic Committee.
Dr. Hindmarch will be assisted in his new
post by Rick Noonan, the trainer of UBC teams
for many years and instructor on athletic injuries since 1970, as director of the men's
athletic program; by Nestor Korchinsky, who
assumes responsibility for both the intramural
program and Recreation UBC; and by athletics
business manager D.L. "Buzz" Moore and
women's athletic director Marilyn Pomfret.
Sciences, Dr. Leslie Lavkulich became head of
the Department of Soil Science on July 1, 1980,
succeeding Prof. CA. Rowles, who retired.
The following were appointed in the Department of Plant Science for teaching and research
duties associated with the University's developing program in landscape architecture: P.A.
Miller, L. Diamond and D.D. Paterson. Mr.
Miller's appointment is a joint one with the
Faculty of Forestry.
I have already noted the efforts Agricultural
Sciences made in this academic year to expand
its continuing education program in the Interior
of B.C. The following appointments were made
to facilitate developments in this area: Dr. G.R.
Winter, director; Maureen Garland, associate
director; Dr. M.D. Pitt, regional director; Dr.
W.E. Carlson, lecturer (Prince George region);
and Dr. J.P. Ross, lecturer (Cariboo region). In
addition to these appointments, Graham Drew,
a long-time member of the staff of the Centre
for Continuing Education, joined the faculty as
an extension specialist.
In the Faculty of Applied Science, Prof. A.P.
Watkinson of the chemical engineering department was named acting director of the new
UBC Coal Research Centre. Appointments
which significantly strengthened the work of the
faculty included the following: Dr. Cyril Leung
in Electrical Engineering, an expert in communications technology; Dr. Sanders M.
Calisal, a specialist in marine hydrodynamics,
to instruct in the naval architecture program;
and Prof. H.D.S. Miller in Mining and Mineral
Process Engineering, who specializes in mining
methods and mine design. In the School of Ar-
UBC's popular registrar for 30
years, Jack Parnall, top left,
retired during the 1979-80
academic year and was succeeded by Kenneth Young,
bottom left, associate registrar
since 1973.
chitecture, Stephen Taylor, a structural
engineer, was appointed to succeed Prof. Paul
Wisnicki, who retired in 1979.
In the Faculty of Arts, new department heads
are: Dr. A.N. Aklujkar, who succeeded Dr.
Peter Harnetty as head of Asian Studies on July
1, 1980; Dr. Guy Carden as head of the Department of Linguistics; and Dr. K.J. Holsti as head
of the Department of Political Science.
The President's Report 1979-80/53 Friends and associates of R.J
"Bus" Phillips gathered in the
spring of 1980 for a reception
to mark his retirement after 27
years at UBC as director of
54/The President's Report 1979-80
Other notable appointments: Sue Ann Alder-
son joined Creative Writing to teach the first
courses offered at a Canadian university on the
writing of children's literature; Dr. Tracy
Lewis, who specializes in industrial economics
and natural resource economics, joined the
economics department; and the music department was strengthened by the appointments of
Dr. Robert Cohen, who specializes in 19th-
century music history and historical musicology,
and Roland de Kant, who specializes in clarinet.
Appointments in the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration included the
following: Dr. Lawrence Jones became chairman of the Division of Urban Land Economics;
Dr. Alan Kraus stepped down as chairman of
the Division of Finance to take over as director
of the faculty's Ph.D. program and was succeeded as divisional head by Eduardo Schwartz;
Prof. W.T. Ziemba is now responsible for the
Division of Management Science. Dr. Robert
Davies joined the faculty's industrial relations
group, strengthening expertise in the labor
area; the study of financial economics was
strengthened as a result of the appointment of
Dr. Robert Jones in the finance division; and
Gerald Gorn, previously at McGill University,
adds to the marketing division through his expertise in experimental psychology and the influence of television advertising on children.
In the Faculty of Dentistry, Dr. William
Richter was named head of the Department of
Restorative Dentistry on Jan. 1, 1980; Dr. A.E.
Swanson became head of the Department of
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in February,
1980; and Dr. A.A. Lowe assumed the headship
of the Department of Orthodontics in July,
1980. Other significant appointments in this
faculty were: Dr. Garry Gibson as head of the
Department of Dentistry in the Health Sciences
Centre Hospital; and Dr. R.W. Priddy joined
Oral Pathology in charge of the Oral Pathology
Biopsy Service, a "program of excellence" instituted in 1979 in conjunction with
Shaughnessy Hospital. The faculty is currently
seeking a successor to Dr. Leon Kraintz, who
has resigned as head of the Department of Oral
Biology, but who will continue as a professor in
the faculty.
The reorganization which has taken place in
the Faculty of Education as a result its of
departmentalization resulted in the appointment of the following acting heads: Dr. Myrne
Nevison, Department of Counselling
Psychology; Dr. Roland Gray, Department of
Curriculum and Instructional Studies; Dr.
Louis Walters, Department of Educational
Psychology and Special Education; Dr. Tory
Westermark, Department of Language Education; Dr. Walter Boldt, Department of
Mathematics and Science Education; Dr.
Jorgen Dahlie, Department of Social and
Educational Studies; and Prof. James Macdonald, Department of Visual and Performing
Arts in Education. Dr. Jean Hills will serve as
co-ordinator of the Division of Adult Education,
Higher Education and Educational Administration. Prof. Roy Bentley continues to serve as the
faculty's acting dean, assisted by associate dean
Douglas McKie.
In the School of Physical Education and
Recreation, the offerings of the school have
been improved as the result of the appointments
of the following: Dr. Hal Lawson, former program and curriculum consultant to the school;
Dr. Gordon Robertson, who specializes in
biomechanics; Dr. Don MacKenzie, a sports
medicine specialist; and joint appointments to
the school and to the Department of Family
Practice in the Faculty of Medicine of Drs.
Douglas Clement and Jack Taunton, who will
teach and direct the new Sports Medicine
In the Faculty of Forestry, the following appointments are of note: Dr. Peter Pearse, the
noted resource economist, now holds a joint appointment in economics and in forestry, where
he will strengthen work in the area of forest
policy and economics; Dr. R.W. Kennedy has
joined the faculty full-time after a year as a
visiting professor to head the Division of Wood
Science and Industry; and Dr. Karel Klinka of
the B.C. Forest Service will serve as an adjunct professor to assist in research and teaching in
the area of forest ecology.
In Graduate Studies, Prof. C.C. Lindsey
returned to the UBC campus this year to
become director of the Institute of Animal
Resource Ecology; Dr. J.M. Varah became
director of The Institute of Applied
Mathematics and Statistics; Dr. H.B.
Chamberlain, who also teaches Political
Science, assumed the editorship of the
prestigious UBC journal Pacific Affairs; and Dr.
Charles Laszlo was appointed director of the
Clinical Engineering Program, which will enrol
its first class of 12 students in 1981. This new
program, which will offer a master's degree in
clinical engineering in Graduate Studies, will
prepare graduates in engineering for leadership
roles in hospitals, where they will develop new
instrumentation for research and diagnostic
purposes and supervise the safe and effective use
of sophisticated electronic and mechanical
equipment. The program will also prepare
students for further advanced training in the
field of biomedical engineering, a rapidly
developing discipline that provides an interface
between medicine and engineering.
One other notable appointment in Graduate
Studies is the joint appointment of Dr. H.E.
Schreier in Soil Science and Graduate Studies.
This strengthens UBC's offerings in Resource
Management Science by adding depth to land
classification and resource utilization. The appointment also integrates offerings in land
resource science in existing departments and
faculties with the developing program in remote
In my report on the 1978-79 academic year, I
drew attention to the efforts of the Faculty of
Law to develop a program in Japanese law in
the light of growing economic relationships between Japan and Canada. Another step in the
development of that program came in 1979-80
with the appointment of Prof. Akio Morishima
of the law faculty of Nagoya University as a
visiting professor at UBC. Other appointments
of Japanese law professors are anticipated over
the next two years and during that time the
UBC law faculty will consider the establishment
of a continuing, permanent program in this
area of study.
A number of significant appointments were
made in the Faculty of Medicine in 1979-80,
some of them related to the expansion of our
medical school and others to the completion of
the Health Sciences Centre Hospital.
New heads of departments in the medical
faculty are: Dr. T.W. Anderson, Health Care
and Epidemiology; Dr. J.R. Ledsome,
Physiology; Dr. Neil Yorkston, Psychiatry; and
Dr. Patricia Baird, Medical Genetics. The new
associate dean for admissions in the faculty is
Dr. Al Boggie and Prof. John Norris of the
history department is the new head of the Division of the History of Medicine and Science.
Some significant appointments associated
with the opening of the Walter Koerner Acute
Care Unit are: Dr. Peter Hicken, director of
radiology; Dr. Max Walters, acting head of the
Department of Medicine; Dr. W.M. Thurlbeck,
head of pathology; Shirley Mermet, director of
nursing; and Dr. Kenneth Leighton, head of
Within the Department of Medicine of the
faculty, the following appointments are
noteworthy. Dr. Donald Paty joins the faculty as
head of the Division of Neurology. He is well
known for his clinical and research work on
multiple sclerosis and will initiate a centre for
treatment of this disease in the new Koerner
Acute Care Unit. Dr. Henry Mizgala, formerly
of the Institute of Cardiology in Montreal, will
head the Division of Cardiology in the department. Joining the department as head of the
Division of Geriatric Medicine at the Extended
Care Unit of the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital is Dr. Lynn Beattie, who holds a
similar appointment at Shaughnessy Hospital.
The spectrum of expertise in the medical
school's Department of Paediatrics was further
strengthened by the appointments of Dr. Ross
Petty as director of the children's arthritis program, and Dr. Kevin Farrell, who will assume
principal responsibility for the children's epilepsy program.
Dr. Thurlbeck, who joins the Department of
Pathology, is a world renowned pulmonary
pathologist who also holds the post of director of
laboratories in the new Acute Care Unit.
In the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
the Division of Clinical Pharmacy was
strengthened by the appointments of Dr. Marc
Levine to head the division and Dr. Robin En-
som. The Division of Pharmaceutics was improved as a result of the appointment of Dr.
Helen Burt, and that of Dr. David Hill as a
part-time assistant professor and director of
pharmacy in the new Acute Care Unit is important in the light of involvement of teaching and
research in pharmacy in the Health Sciences
Centre Hospital.
A total of 16 members of the research and
teaching staff of the University reached the age
of retirement in the last academic year. I take
this opportunity to extend my personal thanks
and those of the University community generally to them for the contributions they have made
to the academic and administrative life of the
The following retired after 30 or more years
of service:
Lome Kersey of the Department of Electrical
Engineering, whose association with UBC began
when he enrolled as a student in 1932 and whose
42-year teaching career in Applied Science
began in 1938;
Prof. J.G. "Gil" Hooley, honored in 1979 for
his pioneering contributions to the chemistry of
carbon, who enrolled as a UBC student in 1930
and who began a 38-year teaching career in the
Department of Chemistry in 1942;
Dr. Craig W. Miller, an expert in Victorian
literature, who was first appointed to the staff of
the Department of English in 1946;
Prof. Charles A. Rowles, a member of the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences since 1946 and
head of the Department of Soil Science since
1956, who has been closely associated with
UBC's athletic program, for many years as
chairman of the men's athletic committee;
Prof. John B. Warren, who joined the UBC
physics department in 1947 and who was a moving force in the planning and building of the
TRIUMF Project and director of it from 1968 to
The President's Report 1979-80/55 Brian E. Burke, a UBC graduate who joined
the faculty in 1951 as a teacher in Commerce
and Business Administration and who received
an honorary life membership in the Certified
General Accountants' Association of B.C. in
1978 for his contributions to the accounting
Prof. Harold Livermore, a distinguished
scholar and author who was head of the Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies from 1967
to 1976; and
Prof. Wei-Cheng Lin, who joined the UBC
faculty in 1959 and was one of the group of
UBC scientists who aided the development of
studies in electron spin resonance.
Others who retired during the academic year
Dr. Donald C. Graham, associate dean for
admissions in the Faculty of Medicine since
1966; and
Kenneth C. Woodsworth, who joined the
Centre for Continuing Education in 1966 to expand continuing legal education programs.
Three senior members of the administrative
executive staff also retired during the academic
year. The contributions of two of them,
Registrar Jack Parnall and athletic director R.J.
"Bus" Phillips, are recorded in an earlier section
of this report. The third individual in this
category to retire was Leo Kansky, who has been
associated with the University's agricultural
research farm at Oyster River on Vancouver
Island since 1955, initially as assistant to the
director and since 1969 as farm manager.
Students and faculty members
lift their glasses to toast Dr.
Kay Brearley, who retired in
1980 after a 31-year career at
UBC as a teacher of French,
senior advisor to students in the
Faculty of Arts and as chairwoman of the Women's
Athletic Committee.
56/The President's Report 1979-80
Albert B. Laithwaite, a member of the staff
in Physical Education and Recreation since
1947 and coach of UBC's top-rated rugby teams
for 17 years;
Dr. Katherine "Kay" Brearley, a teacher of
French since 1949, senior faculty advisor in the
Faculty of Arts since 1968 and who was closely
associated with women's athletics for many
years as chairman of the women's athletic committee;
Dr. Harold Copp, who joined the UBC faculty in 1950 as the first head of the Department of
Physiology when the Faculty of Medicine was
founded, co-ordinator of health sciences from
1975 to 1977, and internationally known for his
pioneering research on calcium metabolism;
Lionel A.J. Thomas, a member of the
teaching staff of the School of Architecture and
the Department of Fine Arts since 1950, who
enjoys an international reputation for his work
as an artist and designer.
Those faculty members who retired after 20
or more years of service are: IXlJijKJi i.  3"l Vltta
The basic teaching and research functions of
the University are supported by a number of
essential services which make a significant contribution to campus life. The brief descriptions
which follow outline recent developments in
these support services.
The state of the audio-visual arts has progressed
rapidly in the post-World War II period and has
had a major impact on universities and their
operations. I am pleased to report that UBC
now has a division which is able to offer a full
range of services in this area for the use of the
University community.
This division is housed in new quarters in the
Library Processing Centre, opened in the last
academic year, and has added graphic arts and
sound and videotaping facilities to its basic
roster of services, which include photography,
electronic equipment repair, rental of audiovisual equipment and a film library of some
1,500 titles. In the 1979-80 academic year, the
division began production of a series of
20-minute videotapes on UBC academic programs which will be used for high-school
counselling purposes.
screening and selecting support staff for the
University, this department is responsible for
carrying out collective bargaining procedures
with the various unions which have locals on the
UBC campus. Advisory committees with membership from all faculties of the University guide
the development of labor relations policy and
over a period of three or four years collective
agreements with unions have been brought to a
common expiry date. In 1979-80, a coherent
plan for salary administration, with provision
for response to market changes in occupational
groups, was pursued for technical positions as
an extension of a major revision of salary policy
for non-academic professional staff undertaken
in 1978-79.
PURCHASING. As the size and complexity
of the University increases, so does the workload
of departments such as Purchasing, which in
the last decade had to deal with an increase
from 34,000 to 49,000 in the number of purchase requisitions written annually at UBC. In
addition to providing a wide range of advisory
services on purchasing, the department plays a
significant role in the furnishing of new
buildings. In the past year, the department has
been extremely active in this area as several new
buildings were completed.
PHYSICAL PLANT. This department provides a multitude of services to the University
community, including equipment and services
maintenance, delivery services, groundskeep-
ing, inspection of new construction and
custodial services for the entire University. The
financial problems of recent years, combined
with our continuing building program, has
severely strained the department's resources. It
continues to seek new ways to meet expectations
and steps are being taken to overcome problems. The University is conscious of the fact that
many Physical Plant functions are carried on in
marginal quarters and is making plans to
replace some of these facilities.
The administration of the University's energy
conservation program is also centred in the
physical plant department. During the 1979-80
academic year, an energy conservation officer
was hired for the day-to-day operations of this
program. He initiated an energy audit of a
number of major UBC buildings over the summer with the assistance of three students. The
aim of this program is to reduce significantly the
University's energy bill, now close to $4 million
annually. Another aspect of this program in the
coming year will be the conversion of 18
Physical Plant vehicles to run on compressed
natural gas instead of gasoline. The provincial
government is providing funds for the conversion and for purchase of the natural gas and the
performance of the vehicles will be monitored
for one year by B.C. Research, the applied
research organization which has its headquarters on the UBC campus. It is estimated
that compressed natural gas will power the
vehicles for about half the cost of conventional
FACILITIES PLANNING. This new department was created in 1979 to take over and expand the role of the planning division of the
Department of Physical Plant. It has already
participated in the development of major projects such as the proposed psychology and
chemistry-physics buildings and the preparation
of technical studies preceding expansion of the
library system. The department is also responsible for integrating these functions into a
coherent plan for campus development, which
will receive special attention in the 1980-82
nighttime activity on the UBC campus increases
and as new buildings are opened, increased
responsibilities fall on the University's traffic
and security department for the movement of
vehicles on campus, for parking and for the
security and safety of individuals and property.
With the opening of the 1,000-car parkade adjacent to the Health Sciences Centre during the
1979-80 academic year, the department has extended its range of duties into the management
of parking facilities.
Several other initiatives were undertaken in
1979-80. With the appointment of a security
supervisor, the department has begun surveys of
major buildings to reduce security risks.
Preparation of a disaster-plan manual is near-
ing completion with the assistance of civic and
The President's Report 1979-80/57 58/The President's Report 1979-80
provincial agencies. The introduction of a
system of issuing parking stickers by mail to
faculty and staff is an example of how Traffic
and Security is continuing to streamline its administrative systems.
COMPUTING CENTRE. In addition to pro
viding academic computing services for students
and faculty members, the Computing Centre
now has responsibility for a full range of services
to academic and administrative departments as
the result of a 1978 merger with the Data Processing Centre. The change in administrative
computing has recently been toward unification
of existing computer-based systems and
development of University-wide systems. This
trend was accelerated by adoption of the report
of the Information Systems Task Force in 1980.
Developments to enhance services in the
1980s will include work on computer communications networks to link local and distance
machines in a useful way, advances in the provision of text-editing facilities accompanied by attachment to sophisticated printers or photo-
typesetters, and general improvement of the
computing environment through database
systems and other program packages.
DAY CARE SERVICES. Nine day care centres are operated on the UBC campus for the
children of students, staff and faculty members.
In the last decade, the University has actively
supported this movement through the provision
of buildings and maintenance, and grants to
support the Day Care Co-ordinator's Office.
The UBC centres have responded by providing
exemplary and innovative care and have served
as a research resource for the study of children
by a wide range of faculties and departments.
Community colleges place early childhood
education students on practicum in the UBC
centres, and colleges further afield bring
students on a yearly visit to the campus
The UBC centres are all parent co-operatives,
which means that parents administer the centres and contribute up to four hours a week
assisting supervisors in caring for children. This
approach to child care led the Day Care Council
to prepare a booklet for use by other groups
across Canada who wished to establish similar
"Those responsible for UBC day care hope to
provide more diverse types of care in the future
and to upgrade existing facilities to provide a
model physical environment to complement the
excellence of the care now provided.
Bookstore made notable progress in the past
decade in improving its services for members of
the University community and for the commun-
ity-at-large, which makes heavy use of
Bookstore services. In recent years a great deal
of study has been given to marketing patterns
and the methodology that will be required during the 1980s and has resulted in the formulation of a five-year plan that served as the'basis
for a new bookstore which is expected to be
operational by late 1981.
At its June, 1980, meeting, the Board of
Governors approved construction of a new
bookstore on a site at the corner of University
Boulevard and East Mall directly east of the
Biological Sciences Building. The Board motion
also approved application to the provincial
government for permission to borrow funds for
construction. Retail selling space in the new
building will be three times larger than similar
space in UBC's present bookstore. The new
facility, when open, will see the further development of service to graduate students, the faculty, the professions and to research. It will also
include a health sciences bookshop to provide
services to students and faculty members in the
Health Sciences Centre.
I have confined myself, in this section of my
annual report, to describing University-wide
support services. Those units which provide services directly to students are reported on in the
section of this report dealing with the student
The University held two Congregations during the 1979-80 academic year. The first of
these, on Sept. 5, 1979, took place the day
before the official opening of the new Law
Courts in downtown Vancouver and was designed to honor three noted jurists who have made
significant contributions to law in Canada and
The University Senate approved the conferring of honorary degrees on Lord Denning,
Baron of Whitchurch, head of the British Civil
Court of Appeal and a noted legal reformer;
Right Hon. Bora Laskin, chief justice of the
Supreme Court of Canada; and Hon. Gabriel
Rinfret, chief justice of the Province of Quebec.
Shortly before the Congregation took place,
the University learned with regret that Chief
Justice Laskin would be unable to attend owing
to illness. His honorary degree will be conferred
on some future occasion.
The University's regular, annual Congregation for .he conferring of academic and
honorary degrees approved by the UBC Senate
was held on May 28, 29 and 30 in the War
Memorial Gymnasium. A record graduating
class of 3,951 students received academic
degrees and five distinguished members of the
academic, business and public service communities had honorary degrees conferred on
On May 28, the honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws was conferred on Professor Emeritus of
Music Harry Adaskin, one of Canada's most
distinguished performing artists and a member
of the UBC faculty for 27 years, and Robert B.
Bryce, one of this country's leading civil servants
who held senior posts in the federal finance
department and served as executive director of the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund.
On May 29, the University conferred the
honorary degree of Doctor of Science on Dr.
David Saxon, who was widely known for his
academic work in the field of theoretical and
nuclear physics before he assumed a number of
senior posts in the University of California
system of higher education. He now serves as
president of that University.
On May 30, the honorary degree of Doctor of
Science was conferred on Dr. Harold Copp, who
was to retire on June 30 after a 30-year career as
head of the Department of Physiology in the
Faculty of Medicine. He was among the first appointees to the University's medical school when
it was founded in 1950 and has earned an inter
national reputation for his brilliant research on
The same day the University honored John
Liersch when it conferred on him the degree of
Doctor of Laws for his contributions to education and to the forest industry of B.C. He headed UBC's former forestry department from 1942
to 1946, was a member of the provincial Royal
Commission on Education in the late 1950s and
served on the University's Board of Governors
for a decade. During his business career, he
held a number of senior posts with the leading
forest industry companies of B.C.
Rodney Michalko, the first blind student to
earn the academic degree of Doctor of
Philosophy at UBC, was a member of the
graduating class on the final day of Congrega-
President Douglas Kenny
places the academic hood symbolizing the Doctor of
Philosophy degree on the
shoulders of Rod Michalko
during the 1980 Congregation
ceremony. He is the first blind
student to earn a Ph.D. degree
at UBC. Shortly after the
ceremony he began work at a
training and research centre
operated by the Canadian National Institute for the Blind in
The President's Report 1979-80/59 60/The President's Report 1979-80
tion. Mr. Michalko, who also holds a Master of
Arts degree from UBC, was greatly assisted during his graduate work by the Crane Library for
the blind, a branch of the UBC library system,
which tape recorded for him hundreds of text
books and research papers. His wife, Barbara
Williams, also graduated in 1980 with the
degree of Bachelor of Arts.
One of the highlights of each Congregation
ceremony is the awarding of medals and prizes
to the outstanding students who have headed
their respective graduating classes. The names
of those who distinguished themselves in 1980
are listed below.
The Association of Professional Engineers
Gold Medal (head of the graduating class in
Engineering, B.A.Sc. degree): Terry Lewis
Helen L. Balfour Prize, $300 (head of the
graduating class in Nursing, B.S.N, degree):
Christine Louise Nelson.
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial Medal
and Prize (head of the graduating class in
Education, Secondary Teaching Field, B.Ed,
degree): Lillian M. Zachary.
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial Medal
and Prize (head of the graduating class in
Education, Elementary Teaching Field, B.Ed,
degree): Edna Joan Donnely.
Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarianship
(head of the graduating class in Librarianship,
M.L.S. degree): Judy Carol Neill.
The Canadian Institute of Forestry Medal
(best overall record in Forestry in all years of
course, and high quality of character, leadership, etc.): Dan Scott Price.
The College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal (head of the graduating
class in Dentistry, D.M.D. degree): Stewart Eric
The College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal in Dental Hygiene
(leading student in the Dental Hygiene Program): Christine Marta Wills.
The Dean of Medicine's Prize (School of
Rehabilitation Medicine) (head of the
graduating class in Rehabilitation Medicine,
B.S.R. degree): Teresa Adel Taylor.
The Governor-General's Gold Medal (head of
the graduating classes in the Faculties of Arts
and Science, B.A. and B.Sc. degrees): Anne
Alexandria Gardner.
The Hamber Medal and Prize, $250 (head of
the graduating class in Medicine, M.D. degree,
best cumulative record in all years of course):
Edward Charles Jones.
The Horner Prize and Medal for Pharmaceutical Sciences, $100 (head of the
graduating class in Pharmaceutical Sciences,
B.Sc. Pharm. degree): Angela Cheryl Freberg.
The Kiwanis Club Medal (head of the
graduating class in Commerce and Business Administration, B.Com. degree): Barbara J. Simpson.
The Law Society Gold Medal and Prize (call
and admission fee) (head of the graduating class
in Law, LL.B. degree): Paul A. Hildebrand.
The Physical Education Faculty Award (head
of the graduating class in Physical Education,
B.P.E. degree): Linda Jean Lovell.
The Recreation Society of British Columbia
Prize (head of the graduating class in Recrea
tion, B.R.E. degree): Paula Louise Jensen.
The Wilfred Sadler Memorial Gold Medal
(head of the graduating class in Agricultural
Sciences, B.Sc. (Agr.) degree): Jan Elizabeth
The Special University Prize, $200 (head of
the graduating class in Architecture, B.Arch.
degree): Elna Karen Strand.
The Special University Prize, $200 (head of
the graduating class in Fine Arts, B.F.A.
degree): Allan Wesley Peters.
The Special University Prize, $200 (head of
the graduating class in Home Economics,
B.H.E. degree): Vanda Lynn Spence.
The Special University Prize, $200 (head of
the graduating class in Licentiate in Accounting): Won H. Lee.
The Special University Prize, $200 (head of
the graduating class in Music, B.Mus. degree):
Thomas Gordon Sinclair.
The University Medal for Arts and Science
(proficiency in the graduating classes in the
Faculties of Arts and Science, B.A. and B.Sc.
degrees): Lauren Mary-Anne Dubeau.
With deep regret I record the names of active
and retired members of the UBC faculty who
died during the 1979-80 academic year.
Active members of the teaching and research
staff who died were:
Charles W. Roberts of the
Department of Poultry Science, who died suddenly on Jan. 11, 1980;
Leslie F.S. Upton, of the Department of
History, who died on March 29, 1980;
Donald J. Mcintosh of the Faculty of Education, who died on April 16, 1980; and
David oM. Williams, also of the Faculty of
Education, who died on June 28, 1980.
Retired members of the faculty who died in
the academic year were:
Coolie Verner, a leading scholar in the field
of adult education, who died on Oct. 12, 1979;
Helen Allen, a retired member of the staff of
the Woodward Library, who died on Feb. 15,
Muriel Cunliffe, professor emeritus of Social
Work, who died on Feb. 24, 1980; and
Alden Barss, professor emeritus of Horticulture, whose death at the age of 92 on July
14, 1980, robbed the University of one of the
small band of academics whose association with
the University began when it opened its doors in


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