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The President's Report 1973-74 1974

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Array THE PRESIDENT
REPORT
1973-74
THE UNIVERSITY  OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA THE PRESIDENT'S
REPORT 1973-74
The report of President Walter H. Gage to the Senate and
Board of Governors of the University of British Columbia
for the Academic Year September 1,1973, to August 31,
1974.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. PRESIDENT WALTER H. GAGE The Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia.
Ladies and Gentlemen
The title of this Report, "Change and the Prospect of Change",
serves to indicate what basic changes were accomplished or were in the
offing for higher education at The University of British Columbia in the
1973-74 academic year.
The events which took place — the passage of a new Universities Act,
the decision by the Provincial Government to create the British
Columbia Medical Centre, and the appointment of a new President who
will take office on July 1, 1975 — will mean substantial changes for our
faculty, staff and students. I am confident that the University
community will resolve any problems that arise in a spirit of
co-operation and goodwill.
I again take this opportunity to express my gratitude to all those
who make up the University community for the support and assistance
extended to me during this challenging year.
Yours sincerely,
Walter H. Gage,
President. Change
We are continually being reminded that we live in a world characterized by rapid change. It can certainly be said that the 1973-74 academic
year at the University of British Columbia was one characterized by
change and the prospect of change.
Shortly before the beginning of the 1973-74 academic year, the Hon.
Eileen Dailly, B.C.'s Minister of Education, announced the establishment of a Committee on University Governance to make recommendations on changes in the Universities Act, the legislation which outlines
the framework of government for B.C.'s three public universities. The
six-member committee, which included two representatives from UBC,
was asked to examine "the internal and external forms of running
universities, with particular emphasis on the relationship between the
government and the universities."
Within a few months of taking up its task the committee produced a
Working Paper which occasioned widespread comment and discussion
within the universities, and the universities themselves had begun the
preparation of briefs to the committee, which were discussed at a series
of public hearings. The UBC Senate established a Committee on the
Universities Act to prepare a brief to the Committee on University
Governance. The recommendations of the Senate committee, chaired
by Dean A.J. McClean, head of the Faculty of Law, were debated on
four separate occasions, including two special meetings of Senate.
The new Universities Act was introduced by Mrs. Dailly in the provincial Legislature toward the end of the long spring, 1974, session. The Act quickly passed and was proclaimed, or brought into force, on July
4, 1974, shortly before the close of the 1973-74 academic year.
The new Act is certain to have a profound effect on the universities
and their relationship with the provincial government.
The Act's most significant creation is the new Universities Council,
an 11-member body appointed by the provincial government, which
will stand between the universities and the provincial government, and
which has the power to regulate many aspects of the universities' operations.
The universities will, in future, submit their requests for operating
and capital grants to the Universities Council rather than directly to the
Minister of Education, as in the past. The Council will review and
co-ordinate these budget requests and transmit them to the government
along with its own recommendations on the amount of money to be
provided. It will then divide the total sum provided by the government
and distribute it to the universities.
Among its many powers the Council has authority to demand from
the universities short- and long-term plans for their academic development. It has the power to approve the establishment of new Faculties
and degree programs and to require the universities to consult with each
other to minimize unnecessary duplication of Faculties and programs.
And it has the power to establish evaluation procedures for all academic
divisions of the universities.
Certain safeguards of university autonomy are built into the new
Act, however. For instance, although the Council will allocate capital
and operating grants to the universities, it cannot require them to use
these monies for any particular aspect of their operations. The Council
is also specifically constrained from interfering with the universities'
rights to formulate their own academic standards and policies, to establish their own standards for admission and graduation, and to select
their own staff.
The new Act also restructures the two main organs of internal university governance — the Board of Governors and the Senate. The Board of
Governors is increased in size from 11 to 15 members, including eight persons appointed by the provincial cabinet. For the first time, faculty,
students and non-academic employees will be represented on all three
Boards. The new Act also changes the composition of university
Senates, reducing UBC's from 99 to 79 members. Students will have
increased representation, but alumni representation will be severely
reduced. There are also a number of provisions in the new Act that will
result in a somewhat closer working relationship between the Board of
Governors and the Senate of each university.
This very short summary of some of the major provisions of the new
Act should make it abundantly clear that B.C.'s public universities,
individually and collectively, face some difficult months ahead in developing new relationships, both internally and externally. Solutions to
many of the problems facing the universities will be arrived at only
after many hours of difficult debate and discussion. I am hopeful that,
given a spirit of goodwill and a desire on the part of all parties to make
the provisions of the new Act work, solutions will be arrived at that will
benefit all members of the university community and the general public.
In reading material submitted to me by deans and other administrative officials associated with the Health Sciences Centre at UBC, it is
clear that very substantial changes are in the offing as the result of the
provincial government's decision to create the B.C. Medical Centre on
the site of the former Shaughnessy Hospital at Oak St. and 30th Ave. in
Vancouver. The Hon. Dennis Cocke, B.C.'s Minister of Health,
announced in the summer of 1973 that the provincial government was
acquiring the veterans' hospital from the federal government, and the
Act establishing the B.C. Medical Centre became law in November,
1973.
The decision to create the B.C. Medical Centre meant that the teaching, research and referral hospital which had been planned for the
Health Sciences Centre on the UBC campus would not be built. While it
would be less than honest to say that the University was not disappointed with the decision announced by the provincial government, UBC nevertheless undertook to support the decision, which presents a significant challenge and opportunity for health education in this province.
Over the past decade UBC has spent more than $18 million to create
various units of the Health Sciences Centre on the UBC campus. The
purpose of the Centre is to develop pioneering methods for the delivery
of health and hospital care and to integrate the training of students in
Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rehabilitation Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry,
Medicine and other disciplines so that they can function efficiently as a
team in providing health care for the public.
The Medical Centre of B.C. Act specifically states that "the education of all health personnel in the province shall be co-ordinated and
integrated." If this goal is to be achieved, the Faculties, Schools and
Departments making up the Health Sciences group at UBC must be
intimately associated with the new Centre.
Consequently, dozens of Health Sciences Centre faculty members
have been involved in the past year in the work of task committees and
other groups charged with bringing forward plans for new facilities to
be included in the Centre. Dr. David Bates, Dean of the Faculty of
Medicine, and Dr. JuliaLevy, of the Department of Microbiology in the
Faculty of Science, are both members of the Board of Directors of the
Centre; the heads of clinical departments in the Faculty of Medicine
have chaired task committees on the provision of clinical facilities; Dr.
S. Wah Leung, Dean of the Faculty of Dentistry, has chaired the Task
Committee on Dentistry and served on five other BCMC committees;
Dean Bernard Riedel, of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, chaired the Task Committee on Pharmacy which included a number of his
colleagues; and Dr. John McCreary, Co-ordinator of Health Sciences,
chaired the Centre's Education Committee. The work of those listed
above and that of numerous other faculty members constitutes a form
of public service which has characterized the activities of the faculty
generally throughout the history of the University. In the case of the
B.C. Medical Centre, faculty members are lending their expertise to
ensure that the health sciences practitioners, researchers and students of
the future will be able to carry on their work and receive their training
in the  best  possible environment.
8 Dr. Douglas Kenny, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, will become President
of UBC on July 1, 1975. Dr. Walter H. Gage will retire as President on
June 30. NEW PRESIDENT APPOINTED
In June, 1974, the Board of Governors of the University announced
that Dean Douglas Kenny, head of the Faculty of Arts, would become
President of UBC on July 1, 1975.
The announcement concluded a search which began following the
May 1, 1973, meeting of the Board at which I announced my intention
to retire as President of the University on June 30, 1975. The Board
subsequently established a special 24-member committee representing
all components of the University community to advise the staff committee of the Board on the choice of my successor. The committee
deliberated for more than a year in considering 150 candidates for the
presidency.
Dean Kenny, who has been associated with UBC as a student, a
teacher and an administrator for more than 25 years, has managed the
affairs of the Faculty of Arts since 1970 with skill. He is also an
excellent scholar with a genuine regard for both teaching and research.
As a result of his experience at UBC and elsewhere he is well qualified
to serve as President. I am confident that the University will go forward
under his leadership and that the University community will give him
the same assistance and support that I have received during my term as
President.
UNIVERSITY FINANCES
In my report on the 1972-73 academic year I pointed out that the
University faced grave financial problems in the 1973-74 fiscal year as a
result qf the provincial government's financial commitment to B.C.'s
three public universities. The government's allocation to the three public universities was $111 million, an increase of only $3.5 million or
3.25 per cent over 1972-73. This was the smallest increase, both in
dollars and percentage terms, since 1967-68, when the federal government withdrew its direct support of Canadian universities.
The minimal increase in operating revenues to UBC meant that a
widespread review of the academic program had to be undertaken in
order to seek economies in all directions. This shortfall between operating   funds requested  and  those made   available to the  University,
10 coupled with the continuing inflationary trend of the world economy,
meant that the University was unable to improve significantly faculty-
student ratios, reduce class sizes, upgrade and replace obsolete equipment, improve salaries to make them competitive with those being
offered outside the academic world, and hire outstanding researchers
and teachers.
Many of the Deans of the University's 12 Faculties have drawn attention to the very real difficulties which have been experienced in maintaining and enhancing our research and degree programs. Not a few of
my colleagues feel there is a very real danger that academic standards at
the University will noticeably decline if greater financial support is not
forthcoming in the future.
Deans and Department heads in such widely divergent areas as Law,
Commerce and Business Administration, Dentistry and Agricultural
Economics have drawn attention to the need to improve faculty salaries
to make them competitive with those offered in the professions and
industry.
Dean McClean, of the Law Faculty, says that the range of opportunity and scale of financial reward open to lawyers, particularly young
lawyers, in both practice and government service have never been
greater, and he adds that law faculties will continue to be hard-pressed
to attract good faculty members.
Dean Noel Hall, head of the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, says efforts to recruit faculty members for his teaching
staff are being hampered by a variety of economic pressures, including
the serious housing shortage in the Greater Vancouver area. "The rapid
rate of inflation, coupled with rapidly rising salary levels in both business and government, pose major problems for a professional Faculty
such as ours," Dean Hall reports.
Dean Wah Leung, of the Dentistry Faculty, strongly urges the University to take positive measures to correct recognized imbalances
between junior-rank salaries offered by the University and those available in local and government agencies, "in order to prevent a serious
erosion in morale."
11 Prof. G.R. Winter, chairman of the Department of Agricultural Economics in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, says that initial industry
salaries for students graduating with a doctorate range from $18,000 to
$20,000 a year. The federal government is offering experts with three
to four years of experience salaries close to $25,000 a year.
Many deans have drawn attention to inadequate and overcrowded
conditions in their Faculties for teaching and research. Dean Hall says
the 12 per cent increase in student enrolment experienced by the Commerce Faculty in 1973-74 has resulted in a situation that seriously
threatens the research activities and teaching efforts of the faculty.
Dean George Volkoff, the head of the Faculty of Science, reports that
the Departments of Zoology and Chemistry are experiencing difficulties
in providing adequate teaching and research space. In Zoology, night
laboratory classes have had to be scheduled in several courses and there
is concern that quality is suffering in some senior-level courses. The
Department of Chemistry estimates that it is deficient some 22,000 net
square feet of undergraduate laboratory space. Prof. Charles McDowell,
the head of that Department, says that present research laboratories
"are overcrowded to the point where we have serious concern for the
safety of our staff and students." A common theme running through
the reports from departments of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences is
the inadequacy of teaching and research laboratories.
There seemed little hope of alleviating any of the problems cited
above when the provincial government announced the funds it proposed to provide to the three public universities for the 1974-75 fiscal
year.
In his budget speech in the Legislature in February, 1974, B.C.'s
Premier, the Hon. David Barrett, announced that the three public universities would receive $121 million, an increase of only 9 per cent over
the previous year. UBC's share of this grant for operating purposes only
was just over $68.8 million. UBC's share of the increase — about $6.1
million — was already committed to cover salary increases and annual
increments to our 1,653 faculty members and 2,740 employed staff.
The proposed increase was insufficient to offset the effects of inflation
and meet other necessary costs for programs and services.
12 In March, 1974, the presidents of the three public universities met
with Premier Barrett to discuss the financial problems faced by the
universities. There was a full, frank and open discussion and the government's reception was hospitable. Early in April the provincial government announced it was increasing by $4.8 million the basic operating
grant to the three public universities. UBC's share of this additional
appropriation was just over $3 million.
In his February budget speech, Premier Barrett offered extra funds
to the universities if they developed "bold, imaginative and thoughtful
programs" and made their services and facilities more widely available
to the public. In order to respond to the Premier's challenge I requested
Deans and the heads of other administrative units within the University
to submit to me for consideration proposals that met the criteria stated
by Mr. Barrett.
A list of proposed programs was submitted and in May, 1974, the
provincial government announced that it was providing UBC with special grants totalling $2,199,973 to fund 16 innovative programs in the
summer and in the ensuing 1974-75 Winter Session. The programs were
to be offered in nine of UBC's 12 Faculties and in three other academic
service units. The innovative programs include provision for expanded
opportunities for part-time students to take programs leading to degrees
in the Faculties of Arts, Science and Commerce; support of three programs in the Faculty of Education, including one designed to train
native Indian teachers; expansion of services in the Crane Memorial
Library for the blind, a facility unique to UBC; expansion of an education program in drug abuse through the Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences; and support for student legal aid clinics through the Faculty
of Law. I will have occasion to mention other innovative programs
supported by special provincial government grants in other sections of
this report.
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF UBC
In March, 1974, the Board of Governors of the University approved a
capital budget of just over $12 million for the 1974-75 fiscal year.
Almost two-thirds of the capital budget — $8 million — is in the form
13 of a direct grant from the provincial government. The remaining $4
million-plus will come from student contributions and other anticipated
donations for a new swimming pool; contributions to fund campaigns
for new facilities for the Faculties of Agricultural Sciences and Commerce and Business Administration and the Departments of Civil and
Mechanical Engineering, and for construction of the Asian Centre; from
funds carried forward from the 1973-74 capital grant; and from donations to earlier fund campaigns.
The budget includes provisions to complete financing of a number of
major campus buildings in various stages of advanced planning, and it
virtually completes the building program launched in 1971 on the recommendation of the President's Committee on Academic Building
Needs.
Among the projects included in the 1974-75 capital budget was a
new north wing for the Biological Sciences Building to provide additional laboratories for undergraduate teaching and faculty research in
life-sciences courses offered by the Departments of Zoology and Botany and the interdepartmental Biology Program.
The budget also included funds to complete financing of the Civil
and Mechanical Engineering Building, which will house badly needed
classrooms, research laboratories, shops and offices for the two Faculty
of Applied Science departments. Completion of the building will mean
that the departments will be able to vacate present sub-standard and
inadequate space in old army huts.
The Board also allocated $925,000 as the University's contribution
to a new covered Aquatic Centre. The new swimming pool will be used
for instruction, competition and recreational swimming by students,
staff and general public. The University's contribution will be matched
by the student body, which is currently contributing about $100,000 a
year to the construction fund through a $5.00 annual levy on each
student. The remainder of the funding for the pool will be sought in
gifts and grants from outside sources.
The capital budget also included funds to complete financing of the
new Anthropology and Sociology Complex on the site of the former
Fort Camp Residence. The complex consists of three former women's
14 New north wing to UBC's Biological Sciences Building, shown at
left in architect's sketch, will contain laboratories for undergraduate teaching and faculty research in life-sciences courses
offered by the Departments of
Zoology and Botany and the interdepartmental life sciences program.
<&$&   1
15 residences and an addition to link them together. The complex is adjacent to the new Museum of Anthropology, now under construction.
During the 1973-74 academic year the University agreed to develop
an area of approximately 25 acres in the vicinity of the new Museum in
co-operation with the Vancouver Board of Parks and Public Recreation.
The area will be developed into a park-like setting and will be open to
the general public.
The first contract for site preparation for the new Museum was
awarded in the 1972-73 academic year. The contract for the Museum
itself was awarded by the Board of Governors on Nov. 6, 1973. The
Museum, when complete, will house UBC's own outstanding collection
of artifacts of many world cultures, including a 10,000-piece collection
of Northwest Coast Indian art, and the Walter and Marianne Koerner
masterwork collection of tribal art, probably the most important collection remaining in private hands in North America. The generous decision of Dr. Koerner, a former member and chairman of the UBC Board
of Governors, to donate his collection to the University was instrumental in the decision of the federal government to earmark for the construction of the Museum $2.5 million of a $10 million federal fund to
mark the 100th anniversary of B.C.'s entry into Confederation.
At its Nov. 6, 1973, meeting the Board also approved the award of a
contract for the first phase of construction of the new Asian Centre
adjacent to the Nitobe Memorial Garden. A total of $1.5 million was
available for the first phase of construction and completion of the
building will be contingent on the raising of additional funds by a
committee chaired by Mr. Joseph L. Whitehead, president and publisher
of the Journal of Commerce of Vancouver. The University is also indebted to the earlier fund-raising efforts of Mr. Alan F. Campney, who
was forced to resign as the result of illness as chairman of the fund-
raising committee, but who will continue as a member of the committee.
When completed, the Asian Centre will house the University's outstanding Asian Studies library and offices for faculty members and
graduate students in the Department of Asian Studies and the Institute
16 of Asian and Slavonic Research. The building will also include areas for
cultural displays and musical and theatrical performances.
The construction of the Asian Centre and the Museum of Anthropology in the northwest section of the campus, and the existence in this
same general area of other public facilities such as the Nitobe Memorial
Garden, the Frederic Wood Theatre and the Music Building, has led to
concern about the increasing need for planning to ensure that there will
be adequate provision for parking and traffic circulation in this area of
the campus.
Proposals for solutions to this problem have been submitted to the
University by Arthur Erickson/Architects, the firm which is responsible
for the design of the Museum of Anthropology, and by John Graham
Consultants Ltd., a traffic engineering and consulting firm. The proposals contained in these reports are under study by a President's ad hoc
committee.
The Board also awarded a contract for the first stage of a new facility
to house UBC's experimental animals. The first phase provides for the
installation of services at the site of the project in the South Campus
research area. The next stage of the project will involve the award of a
contract for a building to house large, wild animals, separate units for
housing and breeding dogs and cats, and a small administrative unit.
Two projects completed during the academic year were the new
Dairy Cattle Research and Teaching Unit and the office block of the
Geological Sciences Centre.
The Dairy Cattle Unit provides modern teaching and research facilities for the Department of Animal Science in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and replaces the old dairy barn, a well-known landmark on
the central campus. The unit will be used to teach courses in dairy
cattle nutrition, physiology, breeding and management to graduate and
undergraduate students, and has also been designed to allow large numbers of visitors to watch modern dairy methods in action.
Completion of the office wing of the Geological Sciences Centre
brings together faculty, graduate students and staff who were previously dispersed over the campus. The wing complements the main labora-
17 tory block of the Centre, which was completed in March, 1972. The
Geological Sciences Centre provides one of the finest facilities in North
America for the study of earth sciences. More than 50 persons are
accommodated in the new office wing, which was officially opened on
April 5, 1974, by the Hon. Leo Nimsick, Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources for B.C.
During the academic year construction continued on additions to the
Henry Angus Building to house the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration and on a large addition and extension to the Faculty of
Law Building.
Earlier in my report I said that the 1974-75 capital budget virtually
completed the building program recommended in the 1971 report of
the President's Committee on Academic Building Needs. In April, 1973,
I requested this committee to undertake a review of the future needs
for academic and associated buildings and facilities in the five-year
period from 1975 to 1980. The committee held more than 30 meetings
to discuss the requests of 36 Faculties, Schools, teaching and research
Institutes, Departments and other academic units before submitting a
report which was debated by the University's Senate on March 20,
1974, and forwarded to the President and the Board of Governors for
consideration and decision.
The committee recommended that top priority be given to the following urgent projects, which it estimated would cost a total of $35
million at 1974 construction costs:
• A new wing for the Neville V. Scarfe Building for the Faculty of
Education;
• A new home for the School of Home Economics;
• A new building for the Department of Psychology;
• Two additions to the H.R. MacMillan Building to provide additional facilities for the Faculties of Forestry and Agricultural Sciences;
• A new Molecular Sciences Building for the Departments of Physics
and Chemistry;
• An addition to the Frank A. Forward Building to house the Department of Mineral Engineering; and
18 Senate Committee on Academic Building Needs has recommended that
top priority be given to construction of a new wing to the Neville V.
Scarfe Building for the Faculty of Education, pictured above, in
proposed building program for the period 1975-80.
19 • A new building for the Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts
for the Departments of Music, Fine Arts, Theatre and Creative Writing.
The committee also recommended that $10 million be spent in the
period 1975-80 renovating classrooms and older buildings and converting space vacated by Faculties and Departments moving to new quarters.
The top priority items recommended by the committee are chiefly
intended to provide new offices, teaching and research facilities and
additional library space. The committee found that "there is enough
space already dedicated to classrooms, and cannot give any priority to
increasing the quantity of such space on the campus until there is a
significant increase in enrolment."
ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENTS
Despite perennial financial difficulties, no year passes without the
approval of new degree programs and courses at the University. The
1973-74 academic year was no exception.
In the Faculty of Education a massive effort got underway to
respond to the provincial government's challenge to produce additional
teachers so that the size of school classes could be reduced and to offer
programs related to community needs. The provincial government made
special grants totalling just over $1.1 million to the Education Faculty
to bolster existing programs and to finance new ones which offer alternative forms of training to the normal teacher-training programs.
Dean John Andrews sees the challenge of developing new programs
as an opportunity for the Education Faculty to start moving in a new
direction in teacher-training programs.
Space limitations do not permit me to mention more than a few of
these alternative and innovative programs.
The Native Indian Teacher Education Program (NITEP), funded with
a $150,000 grant from the provincial government, is designed to train
native B.C. Indians for the teaching profession. NITEP departs from the
normal teacher-training programs offered by the Faculty in that students will take the first two years of their training at four off-campus
centres  located  in  North Vancouver,  Kamloops, Williams  Lake and
20 Terrace before coming to the campus full-time to complete their
studies. Dr. Art More, an associate professor of Education, has planned
the program in co-operation with leaders in the Indian community.
A variety of alternative programs will be offered in the Education
Faculty in the coming year, ranging from a "semestering" program that
will provide an alternative to the normal practice teaching period, to a
school/campus interaction program that will involve fifth-year transfer
students working with a group of teachers from eight schools in
Vancouver and North Vancouver in a "team approach" to learning.
In the summer of 1974 the Education Faculty initiated an internship
program designed to provide specialized training for persons who have
university degrees in areas other than education. The program was open
to prospective elementary school teachers and to prospective secondary
teachers of home economics, mathematics, commerce and industrial
education. Students enrolled for two months of training at UBC in the
summer of 1974 before spending a year interning in elementary and
secondary schools under the watchful eyes of teachers and faculty
members. They will return to the campus in the summer of 1975 for
two additional months of studies before getting a teaching certificate.
In the Faculty of Arts a new Bachelor of Social Work program was
introduced and a new Diploma in Art History will be offered through
the Department of Fine Arts.
The introduction of a new Bachelor of Social Work program is the
result of a lengthy re-evaluation of the offerings of the School of Social
Work at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. The former, postgraduate Master of Social Work degree program will be phased out and
replaced by the new Bachelor's degree program and a proposed one-
year Master of Social Work degree program, which will be offered
through the Faculty of Graduate Studies. The new Bachelor's degree
program will put emphasis on getting faculty members and students off
the campus and into social agencies and other community settings
where they can experience at first-hand the facts of social-work life.
A program in the field of Judaic studies will get underway in the
Department of Religious Studies of the Arts Faculty in 1974-75 as the
01 result of the appointment of Mr. Lawrence B. Fine, a specialist in
medieval Jewish philosophy and mysticism. Courses in the field of
Judaic studies have been listed in the UBC Calendar for two years but
there has been no one to teach them. Funds to cover the cost of the
teaching position occupied by Mr. Fine were raised among the
Vancouver Jewish community by a special committee headed by three
UBC faculty members.
In the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences two departments introduced
revised undergraduate programs. The changes in the Department of
Agricultural Economics were designed to make some courses accessible
to students outside the department without sacrifice of quality to
major and honors students enrolled in Agricultural Economics. The
Department of Food Science introduced four new courses and withdrew three existing courses and also altered requirements in the third
and fourth years of the Food Science undergraduate program.
The Department of Civil Engineering in the Faculty of Applied Science has undertaken an extensive review and evaluation of its undergraduate curriculum which will result in some major changes in the
1975-76 academic year.
In the Faculty of Medicine a similar evaluation of various programs
has been going on. The Department of Biochemistry is considering a
new program for biochemical teaching to medical students and the
Faculty's Curriculum Committee has brought forward proposals for
basic-science teaching in the third year of clinical medicine. These latter
proposals, if implemented, will initiate a new concept of closer correlation between basic science and clinical work.
Last year I drew attention to the innovative program introduced in
the School of Nursing of the Faculty of Applied Science. The radically
revised program leading to the Bachelor's degree, reduced from five to
four years, shifts from concentration on the physical sciences to a
shared emphasis between the behavioral and physical sciences and
reflects rapidly changing patterns of health care delivery. The revised
Master's program aims at training nurses for specialized work in acute-
care hospitals and in the community.
The introduction of new and innovative programs in the School of
22 Nursing led to substantial increases in enrolment and to the approval by
the Kellogg Foundation of a $330,460 grant over a four-year period to
aid the academic program of the School. The provincial government
also made an innovative-programs grant of $285,249 to support the
operations of the School in 1974-75.
The provincial government also recognized the need to provide financial assistance to students in the School of Nursing, who are on the
campus for 11 months in each of the first two years of the new and old
degree programs. Bachelor's degree students will receive $150 and
Master's students $200 for each month in attendance at UBC. Such
support will aid the School of Nursing in responding to the challenge of
expanding and improving nursing education and in meeting an acute
shortage of trained nurses in the province.
During the 1973-74 academic year the University was visited by a
number of examining committees which investigated degree programs
and facilities before granting them continuing accreditation.
In March, 1974, the Faculty of Medicine was inspected by the
Association of Canadian Medical Colleges. After the inspection the
Association again accredited the University's degree program in Medicine for an additional five years.
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons conducted a five-year
review of all residency training programs carried on in centres off the
UBC campus. While the investigating committee was complimentary
about many aspects of these off-campus programs, it was critical of
some of the conditions in which these programs are carried on. The
committee drew attention to the lack of space available for these programs and, in one case, physical facilities were described as "hopelessly
inadequate and antiquated." It is the hope of the University that most
of the inadequacies noted by the committee will be corrected in the
new facilities being planned by the B.C. Medical Centre, which I referred to earlier in this report. The report from the Royal College's
examining committee also draws attention to the fact that increased
enrolment in the Faculty of Medicine will not be possible without the
provision of new resources in basic science facilities and an expansion
of the Faculty of Medicine's budget.
23 The Canadian Council on Hospital Accreditation visited the campus
during the academic year to inspect the Health Sciences Centre Psychiatric Hospital. The visiting committee was impressed with both the
physical and treatment facilities included in the hospital, and renewed
its accreditation status.
A committee of the Canadian Dental Association, after visiting our
Faculty of Dentistry, granted accreditation status to that Faculty's
undergraduate academic program.
A visiting board of the Commonwealth Association of Architects
visited UBC's School of Architecture in October, 1973. After the inspection the accreditation of the School was renewed for another five
years.
Yet another department in the University visited by an accreditation
committee during the 1973-74 academic year was the Department of
Agricultural Engineering. The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers committee, following its inspection, accredited the department's
undergraduate program for an additional five-year period.
RESEARCH
During the 1973-74 academic year faculty members conducting
research at UBC were awarded grants totalling $15,277,107 by governments, industrial firms, foundations, individuals and by UBC from its
operating budget. During the five-year period 1969-70 to 1973-74
research grants from these sources increased by 26 per cent.
Unfortunately, this increase failed to compensate for inflation, with
the result that researchers were worse off in 1973-74 than they were at
the end of the 1960s, the decade which saw significant increases in the
level of research support in Canadian universities. It has been estimated
that an increase in research funds in the order of 35 per cent would
have been necessary during this five-year period to keep pace with
inflation.
Researchers in the pure and applied sciences came through the five-
year period better off than researchers in other areas, chiefly as a result
of a 30-percent increase in operating expenses approved by the
National   Research  Council.   During this same period, however, the
24 Mesearch Funis
Awarded
at UBC
in Five-year Period  1969-74
SOURCEOF FUNDS
1969-70
1973-74
Government of Canada
Government of British Columbia
Canada — private, industrial
and foundations
United States and foreign
UBC Budget
$ 8,795,226
246,795
2,011,597
546,120
495,816
$11,400,499
684,434
2,095,418
770,491
326,265
Grand total of UBC research
$12,095,554
$15,277,107
funds from all sources
PER CENT DISTRIBUTION
Federal Government
Government of B.C.
Private/industrial (Canada)
United States sources
UBC funds
72.7
2.1
16.6
4.5
4.1
74.6
4.5
13.7
5.1
2.1
100.0
100.0
25 NRC's overall budget increased by only 6 per cent, resulting in sacrifices in student scholarship and bursary programs.
Medical researchers face an increasingly critical situation. Funds
awarded by the Medical Research Council of Canada to UBC faculty
members were approximately the same in 1973-74 as in 1969-70 and
private support for medical research increased only by a percentage
point or two. Grants from the federal government's Department of
Health and Welfare are up 20 per cent in the five-year period, but these
funds support only applied projects in areas such as health care delivery
and fail to aid basic research in the health sciences.
Another trend evident in the past five years has been a shift away
from grants in aid of research to formal contractual arrangements by
mission-oriented agencies of governments. Often, work done under contract must be "relevant" to the goals of the agency providing the funds,
and this can have a "steering" effect on university research.
In February, 1974, the federal government announced plans for an
overhaul of the machinery for funding university research in Canada.
The stated objective of federal science policy "is the rational generation
and acquisition of scientific knowledge and the planned use of science
and technology in support of national goals." Among the changes planned is the creation of two new agencies and a co-ordinating committee
"designed to ensure balance to Canada's research effort." There was no
assurance, however, when these changes were announced that increased
amounts of money would be available for research in Canadian universities.
A number of notable grants were made to the University in 1973-74
to enable academic and research programs to expand.
The Institute of Animal Research Ecology will receive a maximum of
$364,000 over a three-year period to support six related projects on the
behavior of disturbed ecological systems. Five of the six projects will
involve extensive field studies in the areas of aquatic ecology and animal and insect populations. The sixth project will involve synthesis of
the data obtained in the five field studies.
The Western Canadian Universities Marine Biological Society will
receive $255,500 over a five-year period to upgrade facilities at its
26 marine biology station at Bamfield on the west coast of Vancouver
Island and to pay for the services of support personnel such as technicians and graduate students. WCUMBS is a co-operative venture involving students and scientists from UBC, the Universities of Alberta,
Calgary and Victoria and Simon Fraser University.
UBC's Institute of International Relations was the recipient of a
$170,000 grant from the Donner Canadian Foundation to fund a long-
term research project on "Canada and the International Management of
the Oceans." Twenty researchers from such widely varied fields as Law,
Commerce, Political Science, Economics, Geography, Slavonic Studies,
Applied Mathematics, and Resource Ecology will, under the auspices of
the Institute, investigate problems ranging from the international regulation of ship-generated oil pollution, to the politics of ocean fisheries,
to the regulation of the commercial and military uses of the seabed.
Canada's first Division of International Business Studies will be established within the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration as
the result of a $298,000 grant from the federal Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce. The grant, payable over five years, will support the hiring of faculty, program and course development, and the
administration of research and other activities of the Division in order
to expand the graduate and undergraduate international business
courses offered by the Commerce Faculty. The federal department will
also make available, over a five-year period, an additional $100,000 for
scholarships for students wishing to undertake graduate work in international business.
The Andrew Mellon Foundation, of New York, made a grant of
$75,000 to UBC for the purchase of books in the field of East Asian
studies. The Foundation made grants to "a select number of universities
in the United States and Canada to enable these institutions to increase
their library resources in support of East Asian studies." The books
purchased will be added to UBC's 170,000-volume collection of Asian
material, which will eventually be housed in the new Asian Centre, now
under construction.
Increased opportunities for UBC students to undertake work in the
field of transportation will be made possible by a gift of $100,000 in
27 stock from The 1907 Foundation of New York. The Foundation,
which receives most of its funds from United Parcel Services, has specified that income from the stock will be used for scholarships for students majoring in transportation in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration. In making the gift, the directors of The 1907
Foundation said they had been impressed with the quality of transportation programs at UBC and the emphasis given to transportation education. They also noted that activities in this field receive substantial
support from the federal and provincial governments, as well as from
the University Administration.
A notable gift from an individual was $46,000 received by the University under the terms of the will of the late Mr. James McCreary,
father of Dr. John F. McCreary, Co-ordinator of Health Sciences at
UBC. The funds will be added to the James and Annabel McCreary
Children's Fund, which now has a total capital value of $793,563 as a
result of gifts made by Mr. McCreary during his lifetime or under the
terms of his will. Income from the fund is used for teaching and research in the field of children's health.
Space does not permit me to list hundreds of other gifts, large and
small, from foundations, companies and individuals to enable the University to support specific research programs and to provide support to
students in the form of scholarships, fellowships, bursaries and loans.
The University is deeply grateful for this assistance from its many
friends in the business world and the community at large.
An area of growing importance in recent years has been the development of interdisciplinary research in the University, often by seemingly
unrelated departments. I was impressed in the reports sent to me for
the 1973-74 academic year with the number of projects that have
resulted from co-operation between members of departments in the
Faculties of Applied Science and Medicine.
Faculty members in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and
the Medical Faculty's Department of Medicine have co-operated in the
development of a capillary artificial kidney system, which will soon be
ready for market evaluation.
Also in Mechanical Engineering, work has been going on leading to
28 Gross Student Enrolment at UBC
for the Academic Year 1973-74
Winter Session enrolment 1973-74 20,100
Summer Session enrolment 1974    3,723
Centre for Continuing Education 27,710
The Centre for Continuing Education offers credit
courses on campus during a 13-week Intersession
and by correspondence; a wide range of continuing
professional education courses at UBC and in
various B.C. centres; and non-credit general courses
in areas ranging from the creative arts to the social
sciences.
Indian Education and Resource Centre       5,000
The Centre prepares and organizes teacher
workshops to prepare teachers for Indian
education.
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration    9,384
The Faculty offers diploma courses and programs
in real estate, accounting, sales and marketing, and
management in conjunction with professional
organizations, and organizes seminars and
workshops in executive development.
Continuing Education in the Health Sciences    6,343
Courses for health professionals, including dentists,
doctors, nurses and pharmacists are given on
campus and in centres throughout B.C.
Grand total of enrolment in credit and non-credit programs
at UBC in the Academic Year 1973-74 72,260
29 the development of a computer-aided system for measuring the body
shapes of amputees and automatic machine-fitting of limbs and cosmetic covers. The application of the system to live patients and its trial
under clinical conditions has commenced in the Division of Orthopaedics of the Faculty of Medicine.
Members of the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Faculty of Medicine have been co-operating in the field of bio-engineering
in the development of prosthetic devices and medical diagnostic
instrumentation.
Another event which took place in the academic year, one that will
have nationwide implications for the study of astronomy in Canada,
was the signing of a tripartite agreement between Canada, France and
the University of Hawaii for the construction of a new 144-inch-
diameter telescope atop Mount Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii. The
negotiations leading to the signing of the agreement were carried on by
a board of directors chaired by UBC's deputy president, Prof. William
Armstrong. UBC is also playing a prominent role in the construction of
the telescope. Dr. Gordon Walker, director of UBC's Institute of
Astronomy and Space Science, is a member of the scientific advisory
committee for the project.
THE STUDENT BODY
There is a tendency, when dealing with enrolment at the University,
to think only in terms of those students who are enrolled for the
academic program during the Winter Session, which runs from September through to the following April. In addition to the Winter Session
students, UBC also provides academic credit courses during its annual
Intersession from May to July and during the six-week Summer Session
in July and August. In addition, thousands of persons throughout the
province enrol annually for short- and long-term credit and non-credit
programs offered through the Centre for Continuing Education, the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, the Division of
Continuing Education in the Health Sciences and the Indian Education
and Resource Centre. When students in all categories are added up, the
total comes to 72,260.
30 The range of all these programs is enormous and covers almost every
conceivable topic from courses in creative writing through diploma programs in real estate to continuing education for doctors, dentists, architects, engineers and lawyers.
The emphasis on UBC's daytime Winter Session enrolment in recent
years has been the result of a sudden and unpredictable decline in the
number of students enrolling at the University in the two-year period
between 1971 and 1973. UBC, incidentally, was not unique in experiencing this enrolment decline; it was common to most universities in
North America.
This declining-enrolment trend reversed itself in 1973. UBC's final
enrolment figure for the 1973-74 Winter Session was 20,100 students,
an increase of 934, or about 4.9 per cent over the previous year, but
still below the peak enrolment figure of 20,936 students in the winter
of 1970-71.
It was known, during the period of declining enrolments, that many
students had decided not to go directly to the universities from high
school, and that thousands of university students had broken off their
study programs to work or travel. What seems to be emerging from an
analysis of the most recent registration figures is an enrolment pattern
that is significantly different from that of a decade ago. It appears that
many students have not abandoned their education plans, but merely
took time out. In short, students are increasing the length of time from
high school graduation to completion of their first university degree.
An analysis of UBC's 1973-74 registration figures tends to bear this
out. All of the enrolment increase in 1973-74 is accounted for at the
undergraduate level and almost three-quarters of the increase is made
up of re-entrants — i.e., students who were not at UBC in the previous
year, but were enrolled at some time in the past. There was also a
modest increase at the third-year level. These two facts, taken together,
indicate that many students who did not come on to UBC immediately
after completing high school or who had dropped out of University
programs have decided to return to higher education.
Another notable trend in the pattern of Winter Session enrolment is
that, throughout the University, programs which have shown enrolment
31 SUMMARY OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE
(Excluding Capital Additions to Endowment, Student Loan and Capital Development Funds)
April 1, 1973 to March 31, 1974
General Funds                                  Trust Funds                                               Total
1972-73
Revenue
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
Student Fees
Services
Investment Income
Sponsored or Assisted Research
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
Miscellaneous
$62,720,000
10,658,410
3,044,280
868,656
47.513
$77,338,859
Per Cent
81.1
13.8
3.9
1.1
0.1
100.0
For Specific
Purposes
$ 1,706,927
1,640,533
15,256,183
2,249,611
Per Cent
8.2
7.9
73.1
10.8
$62,720,000
10,658,410
4,751,207
2,509,189
15,256,183
2,249,611
47.513
$98,192,113
Per Cent
63.9
10.9
4.8
2.6
I5.5
2.3
0.0
100.0
$58,500,000
9,796,515
3,862,325
1,565,504
13,779,439
2,231,115
176,794
$89,911,692
Per Cent
65.1
10.9
4.3
1.7
15.3
2.5
0.2
$20,853,254
100.0
100.0
Expenditure
Academic
$55,797,066
72.2
$ 2,481,088
11.9
$58,278,154
59.4
$53,709,140
59.7
Libraries
5,749,012
7.4
98,617
0.5
5,847,629
6.0
5,495,552
6.1
Sponsored or Assisted Research
(       234,800)
(0.3)
14,023,337
67.3
13,788,537
14.0
12,945,660
14.4
Student Services
1,055,981
1.4
321,328
1.5
1,377,309
1.4
1,418,087
1.6
Scholarships and Bursaries
864,060
1.1
1,466,488
7.0
2,330,548
2.4
2,344,441
2.6
Administration
3,368,861
4.4
58,376
0.3
3,427,237
3.5
2,714,293
3.0
Plant Maintenance
8,591,283
11.1
18,902
0.1
8,610,185
8.8
7,757,311
8.6
Renovations and Alterations
1,779,518
2.3
—
—
1,779,518
1.8
2,178,134
2.4
Ancillary Enterprises
22.309
$76,993,290
0.0
99.6
—
—
22,309
$95,461,426
0.0
97.3
134,682
$88,697,300
0.2
$18,468,136
88.6
98.6
Excess of Revenue Over Expenditure
— General Purposes
345,569
0.4
—
—
345,569
0.3
(        166,682)
(0.2)
— Specific Purposes
—
—
2.385,118
$20,853,254
11.4
100.0
2.385.118
$98,192,113
2.4
100.0
1.381.074
$89,911,692
1.6
$77,338,859
100.0
100.0
32
33 increases, even during the two years when overall registration was
declining, were in areas described as profession- or job-oriented. A comparison of professional-school enrolment between the peak enrolment
year in 1970-71 and 1973-74 shows that registration in every area
increased. The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences has grown from 210 to
285 undergraduate students; Forestry is up from 223 to 334; Pharmaceutical Sciences from 226 to 340; Architecture from 139 to 168;
Medicine from 252 to 297; and Librarianship from 88 to 131.
There are a number of indications that enrolment at UBC should
continue to make modest gains. We continue to draw on a larger pool
of students for undergraduate programs and the percentage of our
enrolment in any particular year that fails to register the following year
is declining.
The altered enrolment pattern I have referred to above creates other
problems for the University. When UBC was the only University in the
province, accurate enrolment predictions could be made without difficulty. The expansion of the network of institutions offering post-
secondary education, combined with the shift in enrolment patterns,
has resulted in a great deal of uncertainty in making predictions.
Consequently, the University often finds it difficult to allocate its
resources, in terms of both money and manpower, to meet the changing
needs of undergraduate education.
The deans of two professional Faculties have indicated the problems
which confront them in the light of enrolment increases. Dean Hall, of
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, says the enrolment increase in his Faculty has resulted in an over-burdened teaching
staff, whose effectiveness in the areas of both teaching and research is
seriously threatened. If enrolment in the Faculty continues to increase
at the present rate, he says, the Faculty may have to give serious consideration to an enrolment limitation.
Dean Andrews, of the Faculty of Education, says enrolment increases in his Faculty have resulted in increased class sizes, "sometimes
to almost unmanageable proportions." He says one of the urgent tasks
facing his Faculty is to reduce the number of teaching hours so that
faculty members may have adequate time for counselling, supervision
34 of students in schools, collaboration with teachers, and development of
research.
The enrolment decline and the financial problems that I drew attention to earlier in regard to support for graduate students has had serious
implications for the Faculty of Graduate Studies. From a peak 1971-72
enrolment of 2,810 students there has been a slow decline in graduate
enrolment to 2,623 in 1973-74.
Dean lan McT. Cowan, the head of the Graduate Studies Faculty,
believes the decline is the result of two factors. First, there was a widely
publicized decline in job opportunities in 1971 which tended to turn
students away from graduate education. This, in turn, caused some
departments to accept fewer students. More recently, another cause for
the decline in graduate student numbers has been the scarcity of money
required to fund graduate scholarships and to support research. Most
Canadian universities are heavily dependent on funding from federal
agencies for support of graduate students, either through scholarships
or research grants to faculty members who are training graduate students.
Dean Cowan also reports that there has been a shift in enrolment
patterns within the Graduate Studies Faculty. Enrolment in the basic
sciences and engineering has declined markedly but there have been
notable increases in areas such as business administration and community and regional planning. Dean Cowan believes that recent enrolment
declines have ended and increases can be expected in Graduate Studies
in the future.
Some years ago students graduating with the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy reported a diminishing number of job opportunities. This
situation seems to have ended. Dean Cowan reports that the Faculty
asked its 153 Ph.D. graduates in 1973-74 to report on their employment experience. A total of 140 responded to the request and reported
that they had found jobs in Canada.
Dean Cowan also reports that in the academic year he established a
graduate-study review committee under the chairmanship of Prof. Hugh
Wynne-Edwards, head of the Department of Geological Sciences. The
35 purpose of the committee is to find new ways to improve the Faculty
and its service to the University committee.
In my last report I described the steps taken by the Senate leading to
the granting of student membership in the Faculties of the University.
In the 1972-73 academic year Senate debated two reports from a committee charged with making recommendations on this question. The
result of those debates was agreement by Senate to provide for student
representation, with full voting privileges, at Faculty meetings, meetings
of Faculty committees, and meetings of committees of Divisions, Departments, Schools and teaching Institutes, except when the following
matters were to be dealt with — budget, salaries and other financial
business, scholarships and other student awards, adjudication of marks
and academic standing, and appointments, promotion and tenure.
Another major recommendation approved by Senate provided that the
total number of student representatives eligible to attend a Faculty
meeting should not be less than 5 per cent and not more than 25 per
cent of the number of members of the teaching staff, with the proportions of undergraduate and graduate students to be determined by Faculty regulation.
During the 1973-74 academic year, each of the Faculties of the
University proposed a scheme of student representation which was discussed and approved by Senate. By January, 1974, Senate had
approved recommendations that will result in the election of 196 students as full voting members of the University's 12 Faculties.
It seems appropriate, in the section of my report dealing with students, to draw attention to the many projects which involve students
and the community at large. In previous reports I have pointed out that
student interests range from concern over the environment to the problems of less-fortunate members of society. There was no diminution in
this kind of concern in the 1973-74 academic year. What follow are
only a few examples.
During the summer of 1974, more than 40 students in the Faculty of
Dentistry provided free dental care to 1,130 Vancouver and district
school children ranging in age from 5 to 19 under a grant from the
provincial government's Department of Health. The school children,
36 Students in UBC's Faculty of Dentistry provided free dental care to
1,130 school children in the spring and summer of 1974 under a special
grant from the provincial government.
37 chosen by public health dental officials in their school district, came to
the UBC campus throughout the summer for treatment in the Faculty
of Dentistry building. Each patient came for a three-hour session,
spending 90 minutes receiving treatment and 90 minutes receiving
lectures, demonstrations, periodontal treatment and oral hygiene
instruction. The school children benefited from the treatment, the dental students benefited from the experience and UBC's dental-treatment
facilities remained in use throughout the summer. It is my hope that
this kind of program will continue to receive support from the provincial government.
A group of students in UBC's Faculty of Law organized the B.C.
Environmental Law Centre in 1974 for the purpose of bridging the gap
between citizens concerned with pollution and the governmental bodies
that have the power to do something about it. The activities of the
students have been felt over a wide area of the province in assisting the
formation of citizens' action groups and in tackling problems brought
to their attention. In addition, many law students manned legal aid
clinics in the Lower Mainland of B.C. to advise and help citizens with
their legal problems.
A group of graduate students in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration operated a Small Business Assistance Program,
which provided free marketing and financial advice to the owners of
small businesses in the Vancouver area. The program, supported by a
grant from the provincial government, successfully aided a number of
businessmen and enabled students to gain experience that is often not
available to them in theoretical class discussions.
Twenty-eight first- and second-year students in UBC's Faculty of
Medicine worked with medical practitioners in various areas of the
province under a grant from the provincial Department of Labor.
Again, the benefits worked to the advantage of students, who were
introduced to the practice of medicine early in their training, and the
physicians, who greatly appreciated having assistance in their busy practices.
Students in the  Faculty of Applied Science, as a sequel to their
success in the building of the Wally Wagon, the urban vehicle which
38 won the overall award for excellence in an international competition in
1972, have mounted a project designed to make buses more efficient,
safer and more comfortable for the travelling public in urban centres.
They plan to redesign the entrances and interior of a bus donated by
B.C. Hydro to make it more functional. Interviews with bus drivers and
transit users are aimed at finding out what they like and don't like
about buses. Eventually, the students plan to develop a conceptual
design based on their study and present it to appropriate bodies for
consideration.
Students in UBC's School of Architecture have continued to provide
a service to the community through the Urban Design Centre, which
was organized in 1970 under the auspices of the UBC School, the
Architectural Institute of B.C. and the Inner-City Service project. The
Centre offers architectural services to Vancouver neighborhoods that
cannot afford such advisory services, provides a workshop setting in
which students and faculty members can co-operate with professionals
in community problems, and offers an advisory service to low-income
families with housing problems. The Centre has also prepared a number
of layman's guides for homeowners and issued a report on the design of
day-care centres.
These few examples serve to show the widespread interest and concern that students continually show for the community in which they
live and which they will serve on a full-time basis after graduation.
Many hundreds of other students provide services on an individual basis
to community, church and athletic groups through the province. Their
assistance, no less valuable, often goes unheralded and unrewarded.
Each year many thousands of UBC students take an active part in
the University's intramural and extramural athletic programs, which are
operated through the School of Physical Education and Recreation and
the Men's and Women's Athletic Committees. The intramural program,
which uses campus athletic facilities day and night, recorded participation by 6,300 students. Recreation UBC, which provides a wide-ranging
recreational program for all members of the UBC community, now has
3,100 members. Many hundreds of other students use campus athletic
facilities on a casual and unrecorded basis.
39 Some 250 women and 600 men — graduate and undergraduate students — represented the University in the 1973-74 extramural sports
program. The program represents 25 men's sports and 12 women's
sports. Following are some of the highlights of the 1973-74 season:
• Women's teams won six Canada West University Athletic Association championships and two national championships.
• Men's teams won five Canada West championships, and one at the
national level.
• More than 50 UBC athletes were selected to represent Canada on
men's and women's national teams.
• The Thunderbird ice hockey team toured China and Japan in
December, 1973, winning all their games in China and losing only one
in Japan. Very complimentary reports were received concerning the
high calibre of play and the conduct of team members.
• The men's field hockey and rugby teams toured England and Wales
in September of 1973. Both teams performed extremely well against
strong competition and proved to be worthy representatives of UBC
abroad.
FACULTY AND STAFF
Just as students of the University provide extensive services to the
community, the members of UBC's faculty are also notable contributors to government-sponsored studies and to projects which have widespread impact on the community. I would not wish readers of this
report to get the impression that such service on the part of the faculty
is something new. From the very inception of the University, faculty
members have been called on by governments at all levels or have
volunteered their services to the community to advise on special problems. As our society increases in complexity it is only natural that the
services of scholars, teachers and researchers should be called on
increasingly. Universities, in the final analysis, are repositories of knowledge and expertise that should be available to help solve the urgent
problems of our society.
Last year I listed the names of UBC faculty members who had been
asked by our provincial government to undertake studies or to work on
40 commissions and boards of inquiry. I have already mentioned the very
substantial input that UBC faculty members from the Health Sciences
area of the University are making to the development of the planned
B.C. Medical Centre. I take this opportunity of listing some other faculty members and their involvement with provincial government studies
to indicate the nature and range of their activities.
Prof. Peter Pearse, of the Department of Economics, is on leave of
absence from UBC to head a three-member task force that is reviewing
B.C. forest policy for the Department of Lands, Forests and Water
Resources.
Dr. Alan Chambers, of the Faculty of Forestry, completed a massive
report called the Purcell Range Study, which deals with resource
management in the Kootenay area.
Dr. Sidney Segal, of the Department of Paediatrics, is a member of
the Family and Children's Law Commission appointed by the provincial
government to review family and children's law throughout the province and to develop a new and unified court system. A member of the
Faculty of Law, Mr. David Cruikshank, is serving as director of research
for the Commission.
Dr. Eric Broome, an associate professor in the School of Physical
Education and Recreation, was commissioned in 1973 to conduct a
study and an evaluation of all available services for recreation, physical
fitness, and amateur sports, and to report and recommend to the provincial government policies and procedures designed to provide services
essential for the enrichment of leisure to all citizens of B.C. His report,
entitled "Leisure Services in B.C.," was tabled in the provincial Legislature early in 1974. The report recommended the formation of a new
agency called the Department of Leisure Services, which would offer a
wide range of advisory services and help administer grants to municipalities and other agencies through three funds for culture, physical fitness
and community facilities.
Mr. William W. Black, assistant professor in the Faculty of Law, is
one of five persons appointed to the Human Rights Commission, established under the terms of the Human Rights Code of B.C., passed at the
fall, 1973, session of the B.C. Legislature.
41 Dr. Donald H. Williams, advisor to the Co-ordinator of Health Sciences at UBC, is the director of a seven-member task force, appointed
by the Department of Health Services and Hospital Insurance, to
organize and administer a comprehensive, co-ordinated, province-wide
cancer control program.
Dean lan McT. Cowan, head of the Faculty of Graduate Studies,
served as chairman of a provincial Department of Education Committee
studying the needs of post-secondary education in the Kootenay area.
Prof. Andrew Thompson, of the Faculty of Law, is on leave of
absence from UBC to serve as chairman of the B.C. Energy Commission, a body created by the provincial government to oversee the
management and control of B.C.'s energy resources.
Prof. William Armstrong, deputy president of the University, was a
member of a B.C. delegation headed by Premier David Barrett that
visited Japan in April, 1973, to hold talks on the possibility of establishing a Japanese-financed steel industry in B.C. Prof. Armstrong is a
member of the Steel Committee of the provincial Department of Industrial Development, Trade and Commerce.
Dr. Robert G- Evans, of the Department of Economics, and a number of colleagues from the Health Sciences, are involved in a provincial
government project to design a publicly financed dental care program
for B.C. children. Dr. Evans, a specialist in health-care systems, is chairman of the project co-ordinating committee.
Dean Bernard Riedel, head of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Is a member of an enlarged Pharmaceutical Council provided for
under a new Pharmacy Act, passed by the Legislature.
Mr. Ben Chud, of UBC's School of Social Work, chaired a committee
that reported on the operations of the Jericho Hill School for the deaf,
blind and multi-handicapped. The committee was established by B.C.'s
Minister of Education to investigate staff resignations and parental concern over the operation of the school.
The listing above serves to indicate the extent of faculty involvement
in studies and organizations directly related to the activities of the
provincial government. Many faculty members are also involved in com-
42 munity projects at a variety of levels — municipal, provincial and feder
al.
Mr. Brahm Weisman, head of the School of Community and Regional
Planning, is analysing two proposals for the future of Vancouver's West
End put forward by a West End planning team and the city's social
planning department.
Dr. Stanley W. Hamilton, of the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration, completed a study of public land banking for the
Urban Development Institute of Ontario.
Dr. Hilda Thomas, of the English Department, was reappointed to
the board of trustees of the Vancouver General Hospital by the provincial government. Mr. T.A. Myers, director of the University's Department of Information Services, is on the board of St. Paul's Hospital in
Vancouver.
Prof. Abraham Rogatnick, of the School of Architecture, prepared a
report for the National Gallery of Canada on the facilities to be included in a new National Gallery, scheduled for completion in 1980. Prof.
Rogatnick will be on leave of absence in the coming year to serve as
interim director of the Vancouver Art Gallery.
Dr. Richard Goldberg, of the Faculty of Comerce and Business Administration, and Dr. H. Craig Davies, of the School of Community and
Regional Planning, are preparing a report for the City of Vancouver on
new taxes on downtown parking spaces and on values created by zoning
and other government actions.
Prof. S.L. Lipson, head of the Department of Civil Engineering, is
carrying out a study of municipal services for the Municipality of
Surrey, and Dr. M.C. Quick, of the same department, is the supervisor
of a number of major studies on flood forecasting on the Fraser, Peace
and Columbia River systems in B.C. and the North and South
Saskatchewan River.
Mr. Michael A. Jackson, of the Law Faculty, is advising Mr. Justice
Thomas Berger on the native rights aspects of an enquiry into the
proposed Mackenzie Valley pipeline.
I could continue to catalogue the community service projects that
faculty members are involved in at some length. What I have listed
43 above serves to indicate that the work of faculty members is by no
means confined to teaching and research on the campus.
I was impressed, on looking through the reports submitted to me by
deans and others, with the number of faculty members who are involved in programs in foreign countries.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration is in the
third year of a project designed to provide teaching and research assistance to the University of Malaya in the accounting field.
In the Faculty of Forestry Dr. David Haley spent a year's leave in
Africa where he conducted research on the Nigerian timber export
trade and on land tenure and taxation in the developing countries of
West and East Africa.
Dr. Harry Smith, of the same Faculty, visited Costa Rica at the
request of that country's Tropical Agricultural Research and Training
Centre to review the Centre's research and training program.
Prof. Robert Wellwood, of the Forestry Faculty, was in the South
American country of Guyana to assist with a timber-development and
marketing study.
Six members of the Department of Civil Engineering have visited
Cuba to play an active role in the technical assistance program arranged
through the federal government's Canadian Industrial Development
Agency.
CIDA also sponsored a visit to Brazil during the summer of 1974 by
Dr. G.B. Anderson, of the Department of Electrical Engineering. Dr.
Anderson served as a technical expert and adjunct professor at the
University of Paraiba.
Dr. G.M. Ellis, of the Department of Geophysics and Astronomy,
will spend a two-year period at Ahmadu Bello University in Nigeria to
develop new programs in exploration geophysics under the sponsorship
of CIDA.
Six members of the UBC faculty, representing the areas of geography, community and regional planning, forestry, and agricultural economics, undertook a reconnaissance mission to Sulawesi, in Indonesia,
at the request of CIDA. The mission was a preliminary to a two-year
regional development study of the area.
44 Dr. John R. Wood, of the Department of Political Science, was on
leave of absence'during the 1973-74 academic year to serve as resident
director of the Shastri-Canadian Institute of New Delhi, India. UBC is a
member of the Institute, which provides research fellowships for
Canadian scholars in India and acquires Indian publications for the
libraries of Canadian universities.
Dr. John Dennison, an associate professor in the Faculty of Education and a native of Australia, has been named to a commission on
poverty established by Australia's federal government. Dr. Dennison, an
authority of regional colleges, will propose alternative forms of higher
education as a way of alleviating poverty.
Dr. Charles A. Laszlo, a new member of the Divison of Health Systems in the Health Sciences Centre, recently visited Tunisia at the invitation of that country's Ministry of Health to serve as an advisor on
the organization of instrumentation services and the training of specialist technical manpower.
Dr. Barrie Morrison, Director of the Institute of Asian and Slavonic
Research, was on leave of absence to conduct a review of Canadian
policy towards south Asia for the federal Department of External
Affairs.
Many faculty members received notable honors and appointments
during the academic year.
Four UBC faculty members were inducted as members of the Royal
Society of Canada, this country's most prestigious academic organization. They are: Prof. William Robbins, of the English department; Prof.
Gerard Tougas, of the Department of French; Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth
of the Economics department; and Prof. Donald Bures, head of the
Department of Mathematics.
The top literature award of the American Institute of Public
Accountants was made to Prof. Richard V. Mattessich, of the Faculty
of Commerce and Business Administration, for the most notable contribution to accounting literature published during the year.
Prof. Margaret Prang, of the History department, was named to the
Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which advises the
45 federal government on persons, places and events of national historic
interest.
Prof. Norman Epstein, of the Department of Chemical Engineering,
was elected a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Dr. Harry V. Warren, professor emeritus of Geological Sciences, was
installed as an honorary fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners of London, England, in recognition of his work on environmental aspects of human health.
Dean David Bates, head of the Faculty of Medicine, was awarded the
Louis Mark Memorial Citation by the American College of Chest
Surgeons.
Miss Margaret Street, professor emerita of Nursing, was awarded the
Walter Stewart Gold Medal for outstanding work in the history of the
Health Sciences in 1973. Miss Street received the award for her book
Watch-fires on the Mountains: The Life and Writings of Ethel Johns,
who was the first director of UBC's School of Nursing.
Mr. Lionel Pugh, of the School of Physical Education and Recreation, was named one of Canada's three outstanding athletic coaches of
the year for 1973 by a national committee of sports writers and sportsmen. Mr. Pugh was recognized for his activities in coaching track and
field.
Dr. H. Clyde Slade, director of the Division of Family Practice in the
Faculty of Medicine, was granted honorary membership in the College
of Family Physicians of Canada in recognition of his work in the development of residency training in family medicine at UBC.
Dr. Charles McDowell, head of the Chemistry department, was
named a Distinguished Visiting Professor to the University of Florida in
Gainesville in April and May, 1974.
Dr. Harold Copp, discoverer of the bone hormone calcitonin, was the
recipient of the Steindler Award of the Orthopedic Research Society of
the United States in January, 1974, and was awarded an honorary
fellowship in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons at its annual
meeting in Montreal the same month.
The 1974 recipients of UBC's Master Teacher Award were Prof.
46 Malcolm McGregor, head of the Department of Classics, and Prof.
Benjamin B. Moyls, a member of the Mathematics department and
assistant dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Miss Sadie Boyles, professor emerita of Education, was the recipient
in 1974 of the highest honor of the B.C. Teachers' Federation, the G.A.
Fergusson Award.
Prof. Hugh Wynne-Edwards, head of the Department of Geological
Sciences, was named head of the Canadian Geoscience Council, which
represents 11 societies with a total membership of more than 10,000
persons.
Prof. Robert Osborne, head of the School of Physical Education and
Recreation, was inducted into the Canadian Amateur Sports Hall of
Fame at meetings in Ottawa early in 1974.
Mr. Jack Walters, director of UBC's Research Forest near Haney,
B.C., was the recipient in 1974 of the Distinguished Forester Award of
the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters for his work as an inventor and teacher.
Two members of the UBC Chemistry department received major
awards during the academic year. Prof. L.D. Hall was the recipient of
the Carbohydrate Award, sponsored by the British sugar firm of Tate
and Lyle Ltd. Dr. Hall was also named the recipient of the 1974 Prof.
Jacob Biely Faculty Research Prize, awarded annually to a UBC faculty
member for distinguished research carried out and published over the
previous five years. Prof. W.R. Cullen received the Noranda Award of
the Chemical Institute of Canada.
Prof. Mark Boulby, of the German department, was one of six
Canadian academics awarded prestigious Guggenheim Foundation fellowships for study abroad.
Prof. J.H. Quastel, of the Division of Neurological Sciences, delivered
the prestigious Jubilee Lecture of the Biochemical Society of the United Kingdom, the first Canadian invited to do so.
Mr. Graham Drew, program director for agriculture, forestry and
fisheries in the Centre for Continuing Education, was named a director
of the National Council of the Agricultural Institute of Canada.
47 Prof. William Hoar, of the Zoology department, was the first recipient of the Fry Medal of the Canadian Society of Zoology in recognition
of his contribution to the study of zoology and its development in
Canada.
Prof. Cyril Belshaw, of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology, is the new editor of Current Anthropology, a prestigious publication formerly based at the University of Chicago.
Dr. Richard Spencer, of the Department of Civil Engineering, was
elected president of the Canadian Association of University Teachers.
Dean Emeritus Hector J. MacLeod, former head of the Department
of Electrical Engineering and a UBC faculty member from 1936 to
1953, was awarded the McNaughton Medal of the Institute of Electrical
and Electronics Engineers. The Institute cited him for "pioneering
achievement in electrical engineering education in Western Canada."
Dr. Jan Leja, of the Department of Mineral Engineering, received the
Alcan Award for 1973 for academic excellence in mineral processing
and extractive metallurgy.
Deputy President William Armstrong was the recipient of a number
of honors in 1973-74 for his achievements in the field of metallurgy. He
was the recipient of the Alcan Award of the Metallurgical Society of
the Canadian Institute of Metallurgists for his "significant contribution
to the advancement of metallurgy in the academic field." He was also
honored by the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers as the
recipient of the Canadian Engineers' Award for 1974. The latter award
was made in recognition of his contributions to Canadian professional
and technical organizations and his work on the Science Council and
National Research Council of Canada.
Significant appointments to the University faculty in the 1973-74
academic year included the following.
Prof. James R. Miller was appointed head of the newly-created Department of Medical Genetics in the Faculty of Medicine.
Dr. Margaret Fulton was appointed Dean of Women, effective July 1,
1974, to succeed Dean Emerita Helen McCrae. Dr. Fulton will also
teach in the Faculty of Education.
Dr. Michael Ames, of the Department of Anthropology and Socio-
48 Committee of faculty members and students chose Prof. Malcolm
McGregor, left, head of the UBC Classics department, and Prof.
Benjamin B. Moyls, of the Department of Mathematics, as UBC's
Master Teachers for 1974.
49 logy, was appointed director of UBC's Museum of Anthropology from
March, 1974.
Prof. Robert K. Mcleod was named head of the School of Architecture, effective Jan. 1, 1975, to succeed Prof. Henry Elder.
Prof. Bogdan Czaykowski was appointed head of the Department of
Slavo'nic Studies.
Dr. William G. Wellington became head of UBC's Institute of Animal
Resource Ecology, succeeding Prof. C.W. Holling.
Prof. Margaret Prang was appointed head of the UBC History department, succeeding Prof. Margaret Ormsby.
Prof. Noel A. Hall was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, succeeding Dean Philip White.
Dr. Frederick Y.M. Wan was appointed head of the Institute of
Applied Mathematics and Statistics and Professor in the Mathematics
department.
Sixteen members of the academic staff reached retirement age during
the 1973-74 academic year. The University is indebted to them for
their many years of service as teachers, administrators and researchers.
Some of them will continue to carry out teaching and research duties.
Those who reached retirement age are: Mrs. Rose B. McBride, Instructor I in the French department; Mrs. Dorothy L. Rizer, associate professor of Education; Miss Joyce A. McRae, assistant professor of Education; Mr. John A. McDonald, associate professor of Hispanic and Italian
Studies; Mr. Robert H. Heywood, associate professor of Commerce and
Business Administration; Prof. Alice G. Birkett, Faculty of Education;
Prof. B.C. Binning, of the Department of Fine Arts; Prof. T. Lionel
Coulthard, of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences; Prof. John
McGechaen, of the Faculty of Education; Prof. Brian Harris, of the
History department; Prof. A.M. Crooker, of the Department of Physics;
Prof. Yae-Nan Yu, of the Department of Electrical Engineering; Prof.
Henry Elder, head of the School of Architecture; Prof. William
Robbins, of the English department; Prof. Margaret Ormsby, head of
the Department of History; and Prof. Ralph D. James, head of the
Department of Mathematics.
My report would not be complete without paying tribute to the
50 valuable work of the University's employed staff. The contributions of
the employed staff enable faculty members to devote their time to the
basic functions of the University, teaching and research. To provide a
measure of recognition to employees who have served the University
over a long period of time, a Twenty-five Year Club was formed some
years ago. In the 1973-74 academic year Miss Maude McKinnon, of the
Department of Food Services, was inducted into the Club.
There were two notable appointments to the ranks of the senior
employed staff of the University in the current academic year. Mr.
William Aylsworth was named Director of Purchasing for the University, succeeding Mr. Alan LeMarquand, who retired after 27 years of
service to UBC. Mr. Robert C. Bailey joined the Department of Food
Services as associate director. He is responsible for the operation of all
campus Food Services in the absence of Miss Ruth Blair, who is on sick
leave.
It is with regret that I record here the death on March 12, 1974, of
Mr. J.C. "Barney" MacGregor, who served as farm manager in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences for 22 years. Mr. MacGregor died suddenly
late in the evening while attending UBC's prize dairy herd in the old
Dairy Barn near the H.R. MacMillan Building. He was responsible, on a
24-hour basis, for the 1,200 or so animals used by the Department of
Animal Science for research and teaching. Generations of students in
Agriculture were the beneficiaries of his kindness and humor, and for
more than 20 years he brought credit to the University through the
countless prizes he won exhibiting UBC animals at the Pacific National
Exhibition.
THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
I have already drawn attention to the impact that faculty members
and students have on the community as a result of the utilization of
their expertise and knowledge by governments and community organizations. The University Library, in addition to meeting the daily needs
of more than 25,000 students, faculty members and employed staff, is
proving to be an increasingly important resource for thousands of pro-
51 fessionals and non-UBC students locally and in other parts of the world
and for the general public in the Lower Mainland.
The Interlibrary Loan Service of the UBC Library system filled more
than 20,000 requests for material in the 1973-74 academic year. The
material requested was of two types — books from specialized collections which are not available elsewhere and copies of articles in the
thousands of journals that UBC subscribes to.
The Crane Memorial Library for the blind in Brock Hall is a major
source of books in Canada on the methodology of teaching the blind
and the social aspects of blindness. In addition, the Crane Library has
tape recorded 5,000 titles ranging from textbooks to novels and makes
them available to students at UBC and elsewhere whose sight is handicapped. In the current academic year the Crane Library responded to
more than 20,000 requests from users.
A valuable service offered to practicing physicians in B.C. is MEDLINE, which links UBC, via a computer terminal located in the Woodward Biomedical Library, to a data base located in a computer at the
United States National Library in Bethesda, Maryland. The MEDLINE
data base is programmed with more than 470,000 citations from the
1,200 most significant foreign and English-language biomedical journals. The MEDLINE service enables a doctor who may be faced with a
difficult medical problem to obtain citations of all the journal articles
that will enable him to provide treatment. The journals themselves are
available in the Woodward Library or in the Library of the College of
Physicians and Surgeons in Vancouver. The MEDLINE Service is made
possible through generous grants from Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward's
Foundation.
The University's collection of 25,000 records, which includes folk
and classical music as well as spoken-word records, is used for academic
purposes by students and faculty members and by more than 250 off-
campus borrowers.
A recent survey conducted on a Sunday in the new Sedgewick Library at UBC serves to illustrate that campus library resources are used
on a casual and continuing basis by citizens and students from other
Lower Mainland institutions. More than 20 per cent of the 1,478 users
52 UBC's Main Library, pictured above, is part of a decentralized library
system that has experienced many difficulties in the 1973-74 academic
year as the result of inflation and higher operating costs. UBC's library
system continues, however, to provide a high standard of service to
users on and off the campus.
53 of the Sedgewick Library on that particular Sunday were either students at another Lower Mainland institution or non-students.
Mr. Basil Stuart-Stubbs, the University Librarian, his colleagues, and
the staff of the Library are to be congratulated on the efforts they have
made over the years to improve Library services for the University
community and off-campus users.
The growth of the UBC Library system in recent years has brought
many problems with it. In the 1973-74 academic year, Library expenditures increased by 8.4 per cent to almost $5.5 million, but this increase
was offset by the effects of inflation and higher operating costs. Salary
expenditures, for example, rose 22 per cent, although the staff was
slightly reduced in numbers. Despite the addition of about $62,000 to
the Library's budget for new acquisitions, the Library acquired 50,000
fewer items than in the previous year because of the increased cost of
books, journals and other materials.
On the other hand, the demand for and the use of Library services
and materials continued to mount and was, in fact, out of proportion
to the increase in the student population. In seven years the number of
loans has doubled to more than 2,300,000 a year.
Inevitably, these factors have forced economies. The Library has
been forced to cancel some journal subscriptions, the number of copies
of books required for some courses has been reduced, and the rate of
acquisition of research materials has been cut. Mr. Stuart-Stubbs foresees a time in the not-too-distant future when there will have to be
drastic curtailments of service and acquisition of new materials as the
result df inflation and rising costs.
The chairman of the Senate Library Committee, Prof. Malcolm
McGregor, drew attention to the problems and needs of the Library
system when the annual report of the Librarian was presented to Senate
in March, 1974. Senate approved the following motion on Library
needs at its April, 1974, meeting: "Because recent budgets have not
been adequate to offset inflationary trends in the cost of Library operations, particularly in the area of collections, the Library's ability to
meet increased demands from both inside and outside the University,
now and in the future, is in jeopardy. Continued deterioration of the
54 Library is contrary to the province's interest, as well as the University's.
We therefore urge the Board of Governors to include the needs of the
Library in any representations they make to government in seeking
supplementary appropriations."
One unique aspect of Library operations in the 1972-73 academic
year was its decision to give away 11,000 surplus books to the province's 11 regional colleges. The decision to give away the 11,000 volumes, representing some 1,700 titles, reflects changing curriculum
trends within the University. Until a few years ago UBC teachers
usually assigned a single text which was used by all students taking a
specific course. As a result, multiple copies of each assigned text were
required. In recent years many UBC departments have ceased assigning
a single text and, instead, compile large reading lists, some of which
include up to 50 titles. As a result, the needs of students can be met
with fewer copies of a single book. Regional colleges with the smallest
library collections had first choice from the book collection.
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS
I am pleased to report that the University of British Columbia Press
has made notable progress since it was officially founded in 1971. For
almost a decade prior to 1971 the University had been in"the publishing
business and already had a substantial backlist of books for sale and was
the home of four scholarly journals edited by UBC faculty members.
The Publications Centre, the forerunner of the Press, was established
in 1961, soon after the arrival of Prof. William Holland, the former
director of the Institute of Pacific Relations in New York, who came to
head UBC's Department of Asian Studies. Prof. Holland also brought
with him a backlist of some 110 titles on Asian affairs as well as the
respected journal Pacific Affairs, which he continued to edit. Other
books were added to the Publication Centre's list in the decade between
1961 and 1971.
The publishing program adopted by the new UBC Press in 1971 was
a natural outgrowth of the previous decade of experience. The committee charged with setting the publishing policy of the Press chose to
concentrate its publishing efforts in the areas of Asia and the Pacific,
55 Canadian literature. Western Canadian history and public affairs, and
international law — all areas of interest to Canadians and areas in which
UBC had already published.
The publishing program of the Press got off to an auspicious start in
1971, when its first book, The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of
North America, 1810 to 1914, appeared. The volume, written by Dr.
Barry M. Gough, a UBC graduate who now teaches history at a Canadian university, was among the ten best sellers in Vancouver for five
weeks. Other volumes on such topics as the writings of novelist
Malcolm Lowry, Canadian transportation, Japanese foreign policy, and
Canadian literature have appeared and received excellent reviews.
In short, the Press seems well launched on the sea of academic publishing under the direction of Mr. Tony Blicq, formerly of the Oxford
University Press, who joined the UBC staff in 1970.
One of the ways in which the Press acquires funds to support its
publishing program is through the generosity of donors who have, over
the years, made grants to the University. These trust funds are invested
and the interest used to subsidize publishing costs. In the 1973-74
academic year, a benefactor gave the University $50,000 in honor of
Dr. Harold Foley, a well-known B.C. businessman and himself a University benefactor. The grant, which will be received by the University
over a ten-year period, will be used to support books of special merit. It
was a matter of deep regret to the University community that Dr.
Foley, who was a generous contributor to the UBC Development Fund
of the 1950s, died shortly after the gift honoring him was made to
UBC.
SUMMER SESSION 1974
The University's 55th annual Summer Session from July 2 to August
10, 1974, attracted 3,723 students, an increase of 159 students, or 4.46
per cent, over the previous year. A total of 262 instructors, including
61 visiting professors from England, Europe, the United States and
other parts of Canada, taught 151 Education courses and 135 Arts,
Commerce and Science courses.
56 President Walter H. Gage speaks to some of the 550 senior citizens who
enrolled for free academic and non-credit courses offered during UBC's
1974 Summer Session under a special grant for innovative programs
from the provincial government. Senior citizens may also attend UBC's
1974-75 Winter Session without paying tuition fees.
57 At its January, 1974, meeting the University Senate agreed to a
proposal to replace the former seven-week Summer Session with one
lasting six weeks. This was done on the understanding that pre-reading
would be required in all courses where Departments felt it was applicable, and departments were authorized to give some courses over a
seven-week period. To counter-balance the reduction in teaching days
from* 32 to 28, each lecture period was increased in length from 1 hour
and 55 minutes to 2 hours and 10 minutes.
For the first time in 1974, seven three-unit courses were offered on
an intensive basis, with classes meeting four hours each day for three
weeks. Students who took courses on this basis were overwhelmingly in
favor of them and suggested that additional intensive courses should be
offered in future. There was also a very positive response to a Summer
Session course on educational philosophy offered at Cariboo College in
Kamloops in co-operation with the UBC Centre for Continuing Education.
Yet another innovation was the Summer Session program for Senior
Citizens, launched with a $15,000 innovative-programs grant from the
provincial government. More than 500 Senior Citizens responded to the
program, which offered enrolment without payment of tuition fees in
any Summer Session credit program and which also provided a group of
wide-ranging special-interest courses. Most of the Senior Citizens chose
to enrol for the special-interest courses, many of which were arranged
on very short notice by the Summer Session staff. A special bus service
was arranged from Burnaby to the UBC campus to provide free transportation for the senior students. Some Senior Citizens from outside
the Vancouver area stayed without charge in University residences
while in attendance at Summer Session courses.
Dr. Norman Watt, director of the Summer Session, was given the
Creative Programming Award of the Western Association of Summer
Session Administrators for his work in developing the program. Dr.
Watt and his hard-working staff are to be congratulated on the unqualified success of the program.
The success of the summer program led to the Board of Governors
approving a recommendation that Senior Citizens be allowed to enrol
58 for credit courses without payment of tuition fees in the 1974-75
Winter Session.
As in the past, there was a wide range of cultural events and special
lectures during Summer Session. The National Youth Orchestra again
held its annual training program on the campus, the Department of
Music staged a number of special concerts and there was also a series of
noon-hour musical concerts at indoor and outdoor locations on the
campus. There were also daily film showings and a series of special
noon-hour lectures, some by visiting professors.
All in all, UBC's 1974 Summer Session was one of the liveliest in our
history.
CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION
Enrolment for credit and non-credit courses and programs offered
through UBC's Centre for Continuing Education increased to 27,700
persons in 1973-74 from 26,928 in 1972-73.
Almost 4,000 persons enrolled for evening credit programs during
the Winter Session, for courses given during the 13-week Intersession
and in the field, for credit correspondence courses, and for credit programs given for certificate or other purposes. Continuing professional
education courses, offered in centres throughout the province, attracted
more than 11,000 persons in such widely varied fields as community
planning and architecture, engineering, law, adult education, and
human relations.
The number of courses offered during Intersession was increased
from 48 to 56, and 1,273 students enrolled compared to 997 the previous year.
The Centre was also the recipient of a $221,000 innovative-programs
grant from the provincial government. The funds will be used to
develop a new certificate program in labor studies in co-operation with
organized labor; to expand community-oriented services and programs
through the Women's Resources Centre; and to further expand the
existing program of credit correspondence courses and a Criminology
Certificate Program for policemen, probation officers, and others.
59 CONGREGATION
The University's annual Congregation for the awarding of academic
and honorary degrees was held in the War Memorial Gymnasium on
May 29, 30 and 31, 1974.
Honorary degrees were conferred on Prof. Margaret Ormsby, retiring
head of UBC's History department and a faculty member for 30 years;
Prof. B.C. "Bert" Binning, former head of the Department of Fine Arts
and one of Canada's best known painters; Miss D. Mary Pack, former
executive director of the Canadian Arthritis and Rheumatism Society;
the Hon. H. Carl Goldenberg, a noted Canadian political scientist and
economist and a member of the Canadian Senate; and His Excellency
the Right Honorable Jules Leger, Canada's Governor-General. The University was saddened to learn less than a week after UBC's Congregation that Governor-General Leger had suffered a stroke while attending
a degree-granting ceremony at the University of Sherbrooke, in Quebec.
The Governor-General addressed UBC's Congregation briefly and spoke
movingly of his travels throughout Canada and the need for building a
sense of unity in our country. His many friends at the University of
B.C. wish him a speedy and complete recovery from his illness.
In the fall of 1973 and the spring of 1974 the University conferred a
total of 4,427 degrees and diplomas on students who had completed
their academic studies.
The 1974 graduating class made grants of more than $15,000 to
three UBC projects and one community-based organization. The grants
on the UBC campus went to UBC's Museum of Anthropology to aid in
the purchase of materials and the carving of a massive entrance screen
for the new Museum, now under construction; to one of eight day-care
centres on the UBC campus, to aid it in expanding its present quarters;
and to the group of UBC Engineers mentioned earlier in this report,
who are undertaking to redesign a B.C. Hydro bus. The graduating class
also made a gift to the Vancouver Environmental Law Office, started
by a group of UBC Law students for the purpose of providing legal
advice to community groups and individuals on environmental problems.
60 More than 4,400 UBC students were awarded academic degrees in the
fall of 1973 and the spring of 1974. Above, the academic procession is
shown on its way to the War Memorial Gymnasium for the Spring
Congregation ceremony, led by faculty members Prof. Donald Wort and
Mr. Albert Laithwaite.
61 The 1974 graduating class of the Faculty of Science made a special
grant of $780 to a $4,620 fund to upgrade Room 2000 of the Biological Sciences Building. Most of the fund was used for the purchase of
audio-visual equipment, the installation of new lighting, and the general
improvement of the 200-seat lecture hall, the largest in the building. A
plaque acknowledging the student gift was unveiled in Room 2000 on
May 31, the day on which Faculty of Science students received their
degrees.
DEATHS
It is with deep regret that I report the deaths, during the 1973-74
academic year, of a number of active and retired members of the UBC
faculty.
Mr. H. Stephenson Howard, a senior instructor in the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, died on Oct. 4, 1973.
Prof. Zeev Rotem, of the Department of Mechanical Engineering,
died on Nov. 20, 1973.
Dr. Lionel Stevenson, a visiting professor in the Department of
English, died on Dec. 21, 1973.
Mr. Conrad Crocker, a part-time lecturer in the Department of Music,
died on Feb. 7, 1974.
Dr. Donald Sampson, of the Department of Psychology, died on
June 25, 1974.
Dr. M.Y. Williams, professor emeritus of Geological Sciences, died on
Feb. 3, 1974. Prof. Williams, who was known to colleagues and students alike as "M.Y.," was a familiar figure on the campus even after he
retired as head of the then Department of Geology and Geography in
1950. He was a member of the UBC faculty for 29 years and was
recognized throughout Canada as one of the pioneers in the field of oil
geology.
Dr. F.M. Clement, dean emeritus of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, died on June 10, 1974. Dean Clement was one of the first
persons appointed to the UBC faculty and in 1919 was named dean of
agriculture, succeeding the late Dr. Leonard Klinck, who was appointed
62 President of the University following the sudden death of UBC's first
President, Dr. F.F. Wesbrook.
SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I should like to acknowledge with gratitude the expert assistance of
Mr. James Banham, UBC's Information Officer, in the preparation of
this report. His contribution to its writing has been invaluable.
63

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