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Report of the President of the University of British Columbia for the academic year ending August 31st,… 1938

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AUGUST 31st,  1937, CONTENTS
Report of tho President:
Introduction.....,.,,..  1
New Appointments' ,., 1
Promotions. .,,.,,.  1
Resignations  .............,  2
Leaves of Absence. , ,.. 2
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence »  2
Re~appointments Following Attainment of Retiring Age... ,. 2
Retirement under the Annuity Plan., .,,....... 2
Dr» R. E, McKechnie,  Chancellor of the University,  Completes
Twenty-Five Years of Service  3
Dr. Evlyn F,  Farris, Honorary Seoretary of the Board of
Governors,  Completes Twenty-Five Years of Service...  3
Restoration of Salaries in the Higher Brackets  3
Special Bursaries and Loan Funds...  4
Carnegie Corporation Scholarships ,  4
Statement Respeoting the Acknowledgment of Gifts  4
Crown Granting of Lot  4805,..,.......,  5
Carnegie Music Teaching Set for Colleges  5
Grant from the Rookefeller Foundation for Nursing and Health... 6
Re-organization of the University Health Service.* ,..,.,. 6
Revision and Extension of Courses ,  6
Development in the Forest Belt and Adjacent Areas  7
University Extension.............. ...,..,  8
Increased Accommodation Required  12
Report of the Registrar:
Registration.,  15
Classification and enrolment of students who are not taking
the full undergraduate oourses • 16
Nationalities of Students .,....,.,,  l6
Geographical Distribution of Students o , 16
Occupations of parents  17
Location of Graduates.* ..,,,,.,,.., 17
Comparative Statement  of Attendanoe,  Sessions 1930-31
to 1936-37  18
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred,  Sessions
1931-32 to 1936-37  18
Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued, Sessions
1931-32 to 1936-37  19
Scholarships,  Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to
Graduates ,, , .,,,.... 20
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts  and Science  22
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science  24
Report of the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture  28
Report of the Dean of Women  30
Report of the Director of the Summer Session.... ......,.., 32
Excerpts from the Report of the Direotor of University
Extension.  36
Report of the Instructor in Physical Education for Men...,  39
Report of the Instructor  in Physical Education for Women....  41
Report of the Director of the University Health Service  44
Report of the Public Health Supervisor, University Students?
Health Service  49
Report of the Officer Commanding Canadian Officers' Training
Corps, University of British Columbia Contingent............. 52
Publications.... •  57 1.
To the Board of Governors and
the Senate of
The University of British Columbia.
Ladies and Gentlemen:-
I have the honour to submit the following
report on the work of the University for th.e anademia yaar
ending August 31st, 1937*
New Appointments:
Hector J. MacLeod, B.Sc.(McGill), M.Sc.(Alberta), A*M.,
Ph.D.(Harvard), Professor and Head of Department of
Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.
Percy M, Barr, B.A.Sc.(Brit.Col,), M.F.(Yale), Ph»D,,
Speoial Lecturer in Forestry.
S.C.Morgan, B,Sc.(Queen's), M,Sc. (Alberta), M.Sc.(Cal.
Inst,of Tech,), Associate Professor of Electrical
W.O.Riohmond, B.A,Sc,(Brit.Col,), M.S.(Pittsburg), Assistant
Professor of Mechanical Engineering.
H.M. Mcllroy, M.Sc. (Queen's), Assistant Professor of
Meohanioal Engineering.
J.G.Jervis, V,S,(Ont.Vet,College), B.V.Sc.(Toronto), Lecturer
in the Department of Animal Husbandry.
Frank Wilson, B.Sc. (Durham}, M.A, CBrit.Col.), Leoturer in
Dr. C, E. Dolman, Associate Professor and Acting Head of the
Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Mediaine, to
Professor and Head of the Department.
Mr. F. W, Vernon from Associate Professor to Professor of
Mechanical Engineering.
Mr. G. A. Gillies from Associate Professor to Professor of
Mining and Metallurgy,
Mr, A.H.Finlay from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor
of Civil Engineering.
Dr. G. H. Harris from Assistant Professor to Associate Professor
of Horticulture. ,   ^    ^  _ ^
Dr. Harry V, Warron from Lecturer to Assistant Professor of
Mineralogy and Petrography. Dr. Dorothy Dallas from Instructor to Assistant Professor
of French.
Dr. Wessie Tipping from Instructor to Assistant Professor •
of French.
Dr. Gordon Davis from Assistant to Instructor in Geology.
Mr. E. G. Cullwick, Assooiate Professor of Electrical
Mr. Robert England, Director of University Extension and
Assooiate Professor of Economics.
Dr. H. F. G, Letson, Assooiate Professor of Mechanical Engineering.
Mrs. Helen Mathews swangard, Instructor in Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine.
Leaves of Absence:
Mr. F. A. Forward, Associate Professor of Metallurgy, from
January 1st to July 31st, 1937.
Mrs. C. A, Lucas, Public Health supervisor, for one year from
May 20th, 1937.
Appointments Necessitated by Leaves of Absence:
Mr. Basil J. Walsh, B.Sc, in Metallurgy for Mr. F.A,Forward.
Miss Muriel Upshall, R.N., for Mrs, C.A.Lucas.
Re-appointment Following Attainment of Retiring Age:
Mr. John Ridington, Librarian, who, upon reaching the retiral
age in April, 1936, had been appointed for a period of one year,
was re-appointed for a further period of a year.
Retirement under the Annuity Plan:
When Dr. F.F.Wesbrook assumed his duties as first
President of the University of British Columbia, he chose as his
Private Secretary Mrs. Mary I. Rogers who had been associated
with him in a like capacity in the University of Minnesota. The
wisdom of this choice was quickly demonstrated and abundantly
justified. In her person were happily combined all those qualities
which are sought, but which are rarely found, in one appointed to 3.
this position.  Courteous, capable and surpassingly efficient
in everything that pertained to her office, Mrs. Rogers, throughout
the twenty-four years of her active conneotion v/ith the institution,
a connection which terminated on August 15th, 1937, established
a reputation for excellence in public service which has become a
tradition, and which will long continue to exert a powerful
influence in the personal and corporate life of the University.
Dr. R. E. McKechnie, Chancellor of the University,
Completes Twenty-Five Years of Service:
This year marks the completion, on the part of
Chancellor R. E. McKechnie, of twenty-five years of continuous
and distinguished service to tho University of British Columbia,
first as a member of the Board of Governors and of tho Senate, and
for the past nineteen years as Chancellor. Seven times Chancellor
McKechnie has been eloctod to this high position, the last six
times by acclamation. Recognition of the osteom in which the
Chancellor is held by his associates on tho Board of Governors,
and of their appreciation of his devotion to the cause of higher
education in the Province, was fittingly oxpressod in a lottor to
Chancellor McKechnie from the Honorary Secretary of the Board.
Dr.jBvlyn F. Farris,, Honorary Secretary of the Board of
Governors Completes Twonty-Fivo Years of Service:
On August 21st, 1937, Dr. Evlyn F. Farris, who for many
years has been Honorary Secretary of tho Board of Governors, completed twenty-five years of service to the University of British
Columbia, This occasion was appropriately marked by her associates
on the Board of Governors when thoy requested the Chancellor to
convoy to Dr. Farris, in a letter, their congratulations on a
record which was even more notable by reason of its high achievement than it was by virtue of the length of service.
Restoration of Salaries in tho Higher Brackets:
In conformity with the decision of'tho Board of Governors
to follow the action of the Provincial Government with respect to
the rostoration of tho salaries of civil servants, all salaries of
members of tho teaching and administrative staffs v/hich wore above
$1,800,00 per annum wore restored as from April 1st, 1937* Salaries
of $1,800.00 or less por annua had been restored at the beginning
of the preceding fiscal year. 4.
Special Bursaries and Loan Funds:
Following the practice of previous years, the Board
of Governors made available a sum for speoial bursaries and loans.
Of the amount of .$3,000.00 granted this year,   $2,000,00 was voted
for general allocated bursaries;  $500.00 was allocated for
preferential bursaries for the dependents of returned soldiers,
and the balance constituted a special loan fund for applicants
with the necessary academic standing who were  In need of
financial assistance.    As an experiment for one year only,  no
provision was made for First Year applicants except those who
were dependents of war veterans.
All applicants for assistance were interviewed
personally by the joint Faculty Committee on Prizes and Scholarships.    As a result, thirty-five special bursaries and ten
speoial loans were granted.    The bursaries ranged from a minimum
of $25.00 to a maximum of $150.00.    Loans in no oases exceeded
Carnegie. Corporation Scholarships:
For the past three years, through a grant of $10,000.00
received from the Carnegie Corporation of New York,  scholarships
have been available for a limited number of graduates of the
University of British Columbia who wished to oontinue their
studies,  either at their Alma Mater or at other institutions of
higher learning.    These awards, which have been made on a basis
of need as well as of academic  standing, have been of great
benefit to the sixty-three students to whom they have been
granted as, without this assistance, many of these young men
and women v/ould not have been able to undertake post-graduate
study.    The majority of the students who have been awarded these
scholarships have gone to other Universities where their
achievements have reflected great credit on themselves as well
as on the University from whioh they came.    Unfortunately this
fund, which was a part of the $50,000.00 grant made to the
University by the Carnegie Corporation in 1935,  is now exhausted.
Statement Respecting the Acknowledgment of Gifts:
Reference to gifts which have been received by the
University during the year appears in the reports by the Deans,
in the report of the Library Committee or in the report by the
Director of University Extension, the two last mentioned of whioh
are issued as separate statements.    In the case of scholarships
and prizes,  announcement Is made In the Calendar,    All gifts to 5.
departments ore acknowledged by tho Head of the Department and,
in-the oaso of tho more important gifts, a letter of thanks is
sent by the Honorary Secretary of tho Board of Governors or by
the President.
-With the growing interest in the University, and with
the consequent incroaso in tho number of gifts received, it may
be advisable in tho near future to print and issue for general
distribution a list of all the gifts rooeived during the year,
together with the names of tho donors.
Crown Granting of Lot 4805:
On the 1st of April, 1936, assent was given to on Act
to amend the "British Columbia Site Act, 1918". By this Act tho
University of British Columbia was granted title to Lot 4805, a
traot of land of approximately 271 acres in extent whioh had
previously been occupied by the University on a twenty-ono year
lease from the Government. The acquisition of this tract, whioh
adjoins the original Crown-granted section of the oampus, brings
the total area to which the University now holds title to 548
Carnogie Music Teaching Set for Colleges:
During tho past year the University was the recipient
of a valuable Music Teaching Sot for Colleges. The donor of
this splendid gift is tho Carnogie Corporation of New York, a
Corporation which has given evidence, on more than one occasion,
of Its appreciation of the University's action in instituting
and. making effoctive educational policies which do not oonstitute
an integral part of the curriculum.
This gift, it is gratifying to note, was made in
recognition of the valued voluntary contribution on behalf of
good music, and of musio appreciation, whioh has been made ovor
a period of years by members of the professorial staff of tho
University, and by a large number of students through the
medium of tho Musical Society.
At the inaugural recital of' recordings, a largo and
representative gathering of the music-loving citizens of Vancouver
were present on formal invitation by the University. In tho foreword to the printed program of the recital, a brief description
was given of the different units which comprise this gift and
reference was made to the objects which the donors hope will be
achieved, as the result of this carefully selected and thoroughly
representative set of records, scores and referenoe works on
Music being made available for general use. 6.
0^ant_froin_the_R^ for Nursing and Health:
Early in the year a communication was received from
the Director of the Board of Scientific Directors of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation,  in which
he stated that the sura of $705OOeOO had been granted to the
University of British Columbia for the Department of Nursing
and Health for the three-year period beginning October 1st,   1936.
Of this amount,,   $2,500000 v/as  available for  expenditure during
the current- year in accordance with an approved budget in which
provision had been made for the salary of a Field Work Supervisor,
for transportation expenses  and for stenographic  assistance.    The
Board of Governors expressed its appreciation and thanks for this
gift  and authorized the President to obtain a highly qualified
young woman for this position
Re-organization of the University Health Services:
Daring the year,  the health services of the city of
Vancouver and of certain of the adjoining municipalities were
brought under unified control through the establishment of the
Metropolitan Health Board.    To make this reorganization effeotive,
substantial monetary grants were made by the Rockefeller Foundation
on condition that the Provincial Board of Health and the municipal
health authorities would raise the standard of health services to
the level approved by the  Foundation.    In this re-organization
the University Area and the adjacent lands constitute a Health
District,     The University of British Columbia appoints the Senior
Medical Health Officer for this District to be its Health Officer,
but without   salary as far as the University is   concerned.    The
University employs  one Public  Health Nurse  and pays  a portion of
her salary.     The duties cr? the Nurse are wholly within the
University Health Service and the University Area.    The University
also makes a cash payment monthly to the City of Vancouver towards
the extra costs incurred by the City for the supervision and
specialized services made available to the whole  area.    This
agreement, which may be terminated by any of the contracting parties
upon the expiration of six months'  notice,,  gives promise of greatly
improving the health service at the University without an
appreciable  increase in cost*    Mrc  George T.   Cunningham, who is  a
member'of the  Board of Governors,  is the representative of the
University Unit on the Metropolitan Health Board.
Revision and Extension of .Courses,'
In the Faculty of Arts  and son.once,  a new oourse was
organized to meet the needs of prospective High School teachers
in the Physical and Biological sciences.    Fending the establishment 7.
of a department of Music in the University, six units of credit
towards a  B.A. degree may now be granted to a student v/ho holds,
at the time of graduation, a diploma In Music which is accepted
by the University,  A strong committee is making a  thorough
study of the curriculum with a view to submitting recommendations
respecting a number of needed changes in the requirements and
courses for students in this Faculty.
As the result of several years of intensive study of
the existing courses in the light of -past experience and of
present trends in the educational requirements for students in
the Faculty of Applied Science, a significant beginning was made
in the re-organization of these courses. These far-reaching
changes aro set out in outline in the Report of the Doan of
Applied Science and in detail in the Calendar. The adoption of
these changes would suggest the probability that equally important
revisions in respect of other oourses might be expected to follow.
During the year the courses in Forestry have been
thoroughly revised and considerably expanded, following an
exhaustive report by Dr. P. M. Barr, Assooiate Professor of
Forestry In the University of California. This excellent report,
which has been issued as a separate publication, is deserving of
the most careful study by all who are interested in the
content and relationship of courses for students in Forestry.
In consonance with these upward revisions of standards
in the Faculty of Applied Science, the requirements for admission
to tho Second Year in this Faculty were raised to sixty per cent,
in each of Chemistry and Physics with an average of sixty per
cent, in Mathematics, with not less than fift3r per cent, in each
of tho Mathematical subjects.
In Agriculture, only minor changes in courses were
made during the year. In this Faculty a relatively large number
of graduates proceed to the Master's degree. For tho past few
years from fifteen to twenty per cent, of the registration in
Agriculture has been composed of graduate students.
Development in the Forest Belt and Adjacent Areas:
During the winter months, a largo amount of development
work was carried out in the University forest and in the adjoining
woodlots on tho University form. Approximately seventy-five
single unemployed men wore engaged on this project. The working
plans were prepared by the members of the Department of Forestry
In the University end were carried out under the direction of a
forester and a number of experienced foremen. All expenses in
connection with the undertaking were borne jointly by the
Dominion and Provincial Governments. 8,
University Extension:
In 1935 the University of British Columbia received
from the British Dominions and Colonies Fund of the Carnegie
Corporation of New York a grant of $50,000.00, to be expended
on approved projects designed to improve the morale of the
professorial staff and to extend the usefulness of the
institution. Of this grant, the larger part - $30,000.00- was
placed in an Adult Education Fund to be used for the establishment of a Department of University Extension and for the• development of a definite program of Adult Education,
During the past two years, the major part of the
expenses of the work undertaken in Adult Education at the
University has been defrayed from the Carnegie grant. This fund
was exhausted during the year covered by the present report.
Immediately following the receipt of this grant a
Department of University Extension was established; and, in the
following year, the Board of Governors of the University voted
the sum of $10,000.00 towards the support of the newly organized
Department, Later in the year Mr, Robert England, M.A., was
appointed Director,
During the year under review Mr. England served with
notable success, and his resignation to accept a position of
great responsibility in the business world was received with
deep regret. Excerpts from tho report by Mr, England appear
on pages 36-38 of this report.
In August, 1937, Gordon M. Shrum, M.A., Ph.D.,F.R.S.C.,
professor of Physics in the University of British Columbia, was
appointed to succeed Mr. England. While Dr. shrum will retain
a nominal connection with th© Department of Physics, as Mr,
England did in the Department of Economics, his full time wiU
be devoted to the conduct of the affairs of the Department of
University Extension,
The activities of the Department of University
Extension under Mr. England's directorship are summarized
briefly in the following paragraphs:
Lecture Programme.
During the winter of 1936-37, the lecture programme
was continued as the demand from the public, particularly
in the rural areas, was insistent, A special effort was made,
therefore, to extend the work of the Department into regions
sparsely populated and difficult of access. Though bad
weather conditions proved serious handicaps during part of
the winter, there is no doubt of the success of what has been ?.
a unique attempt to meet the needs of widely scattered
populations in the valleys and the coast centres of the
Provinc e.
The general lecture programme has begun to assume a
more permanent form. Courses have been arranged; cooperation of local libraries secured; local committees
established, and a number of study groups formed. The
development of local interest has justified the oharging
of a small fee to communities desiring this service,
A plan of three-day courses was further developed and
proved successful. In some centres it was convenient to
give weekly, fortnightly, or monthly courses. The endeavour
to integrate separate lectures into an educational course
(backed by a bibliography and the use of library facilities)
has had to take account of the internal demands of the
University upon the teaching staff.
Not the least of the good results has been the effect
on the staff of the University,- a new outlook on the Province
and on the multiple constituency the University serves.
In the chief cities accessible to Vancouver a course of
eleven lectures was given by specialists on "The Georgian
Period". In similar centres some of the typical periodical
courses were :
"Science Unfolds the Story of Life" (five leotures),
"The Human Side" (four leotures),,
"The Making of a New World" (five leotures).
As to the three-day courses, the following are typical themes:
Psychology; Post-War Europe; Astronomy; Geology; Life in
Ancient Greece; Agriculture in Scandinavia, and Marketing of
Farm Products.
The Department has also assisted with the programme of
lectures given by the Vanoouver Public Library and by the
National Council of Education.
Study Groups and Forums.
Study groups were formed at about ten centres, and
encouragement was given to study-groups of the Parent-Teacher
Association, the League of Nations Society, and other bodies.
Guidance was given to several" consumer co-operative groups. Th©
panel discussion method was introduced and, as a result of the
experience gained in this form of popular education, an
extension of this plan is being worked out for the coming year. 10.
During" the summer of 1937 an effort was made, in cooperation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture, to
bring members of the Faculty of Agriculture Into contact
with the various Farmers' Institutes. Members of the
Faculty visited institutes at Grand Forks, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Quesnel, Vanderhoof and Telkwa.
Professor Boving, of the Department of Agronomy, made
a six weeks' tour in the Peace River Block, where he
delivered twenty-seven lectures.  In every case this cooperation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture has
been productive of good results.
During the winter, radio talks were given on Monday
evenings through the co-operation of the B.C.Electric
Railway Co. These farm radio talks were so much appreciated
by the farming community that it has been planned to expand
them into a daily broadcast.
The Fine Arts.
During the past year support was given to the University
Players' Club for a presentation of plays at Powell River,
Courtenay, Duncan, Qualicum and West Vancouver. The Department also co-operated with the Drama Section of the Provincial
Department of Education with gratifying results. In June, a
successful week-end drama course was held at Invermere.
Professor Dilworth's course of lectures on "The
Appreciation of Music" v/as given to the students in the
regular term and also in the Summer Session.  These leotures,
and others contributed by other members of the Faoulty,
attracted large and interested audiences.
Co-operation was established with the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra with mutually beneficial results. A course given
at the University by the Director of the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra was largely attended by the students and the general
The recent gift of a Music Set by the Carnegie Corporation
of New York enlarged the possibilities in this field. Its
administration has been placed under the control of a
Committee, and a weekly series of lectures and radio broadcasts is planned.
A promising beginning has been made for work in Art by
securing the co-operation of the Vancouver School of Art. Evening Classes.
Evening Classes woro given by members of the University
Staff in Botany, Electronics, Poultry Husbandry, Horticulture,
and "The Modern Approach to Social Welfare".
In addition to the Farm broadcasts the University has
participated in the work of tho Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation. Tho Director of Extension has accepted the
appointment of chairman of tho British Columbia Regional
Advisory Council.
Library Faoilities and Service;.
The importance of an adequate library service, particular1]
for those enrolled in study groups, has boon realized from the
outset, and a substantial start has been made in this direction,
A collection of 1200 volumes, specially designated for use of
tho Extension Department and administered by the university
Library separately from its main collection, has been acquired
during the past two years. One member of the Library staff,
professionally trained, has been assigned for part time to
this special work.
That this programme in Adult Education and University
Extension has found general favour in the Province of British
Columbia is indicated by the widespread demand that it be
continued under University direction. Cordial co-operative
relationships have been established with racial, industrial   •
and cultural groups in every part of tho province. The
University realizes that these relationships have materially
strengthened its position and made possible great enlarge-    ;
ments to its potential usefulness. As a result of the        '
experiences of the past two years, the University of British
Columbia is committed, in a larger and more definite sense
than ever before, to a progressive policy of University
Extension and Adult Education.
The University of British Columbia is deeply
appreciative of the generosity that has made this programme of
Adult Education possible, and again desires to express its sincere
gratitude to the Carnegie Corporation of New York for the very
practical evidence which it has given of its interest in this form
of education in the Province of British Columbia. 12.
Increased. Aceommodation Reguir ed:
In an interview which the Chancellor and the President
had with the Honourable the Premier and three of his Ministers in
September, 1936, it was pointed out that increased accommodation
was the most pressing requirement of the University at the present
time; and that, unless a very material increase in classroom and
laboratory space was provided immediately, the Board of Governors
would be under the necessity of excluding, by limitation, an
ever-increasing number of qualified students.
In a memorandum prepared by the president and submitted
to the Honourable the Minister of Education on August 31st, 1937,
tho following statement appears:
Adequate accomodation is the most pressing need of the
University of British Columbia at the present time. A substantial increase in housing space is required for classrooms,
laboratories, reading rooms, common rooms and offices. Unless
increased facilities In these regards oan be made available
immediately, the efficiency of the instruction in a number of
departments will be still further impaired, or else a more
exclusive and more rigidly enforced system of limitation will
have to be adopted.
The problem is not a new one. In spite of the economic
depression, in spite of increased fees, in spito of more exacting
standards of admission, attendance at the University continues to
increase with an attendant increase in congestion. The measures
taken in 1931 to limit the number of students who wished to enroll
proved to be unsatisfactory, and tho same can bo said of the
ruling which In 1932 limited the number of -students entering
Second Year Applied Science to 120. subsequent events have
revealed that tho limit fixed for Applied science was far too
stringent, and that provision must be made for at least l60
in this division alone.
Moreover, it must be remembered that even if the student
body had not increased at all. in the last fow years, a certain
amount of congestion would have arisen through the inception
of new services rendered by tho University to the public, such
as the increasingly popular Department of University Extension.
The University's olassrooms and laboratories are in many
cases crowded beyond the efficiency limit. Eighty students, no
matter how patiently and loyally they strive to co-operate with
their instructor, cannot do satisfactory work in a lecture-room
equipped with seating and ventilation facilities for only
sixty. Work in an overcrowded laboratory not only tends to 13.
be slow and inefficient, but in certain fields it may be
fraught with actual danger. For instance, the Department
of Bacteriology reports:
"...,.. to accommodate so big a class in the larger
laboratory has necessitated that the students should
work in pairs, an unsatisfactory arrangement in any
laboratory class, and particularly undesirable in
Bacteriology. Moreover, next term, when the students
will be handling pathogenic micro-organisms, this
overcrowding, and the lack of technical skill so often
displayed by the weaker ones among pairs of workers,
will necessitate a greater degree of vigilanoe--than-the-
department can readily guarantee to provide."
Although it is generally recognized that research is
one of the main functions of a university,, there has been,
during recent years, a marked decrease In' the available space
for research laboratories at the University of British Columbia,
as the facilities which did exist for this purpose have
gradually been assigned, under the pressure of necessity,
for classroom and office use.
Notwithstanding this fact, office facilities continue
to become more and more unsatisfactory. Today it is rare indeed
for a student to be able to consult his professor in a quiet,
uncrowded office. This lack of office facilities is all tho
more unfair to the students since some of their own scanty
Common Room space has for a long time been used for offices.
It is, perhaps, difficult to state where the
congestion is the most acute, since many departments lay claim
to being the greatest sufferers in this regard. Certainly
Chemistry, Physics, Botany and Civil Engineorihg aro in
urgent need of more floor space. In Chemistryr the space
originally intended for one student is now in many instances
occupied by four.- In the upper years in Applied Science tho
overcrowding is rapidly becoming as great, relatively, as in
the lower years, since the regulation restricting registration
to 120 in the Second Year was waived in 1936 because the Board
of Governors felt that they would not be justified in
excluding forty qualified men from a faculty v/hich bears such
a direct relation to the development of the natural resources
of the Province.
Again, the Library is generally conceded to be
among the most heavily handicapped departments because of lack
of space for at least one half of the academic year. The 14.
reading rooms seat only about 360 out of a student body of 2000,
It is very undesirable that students who can find no seat in the
reading rooms should study in the Cafeteria, where tho
inevitable hubhub must produce a severe nervous strain - to say
nothing of the groat risk of loss or damage to books.
As regards nuseun facilitios at the University, the
following report of the Department of Zoology is of general
"Our illustrative material, much of which is the best
of nuseun naterial, Is increasing in amount steadily and
not by any means slowly. Even now, it would take several
tines the amount of spaoe there is available to arrange it
in such a way that even a reasonable amount of use night be
nade of it... Much of it has to be kept locked up in a
corridor or in rooms that, in general, must be left open to
any one who nay cone along. If suitable accommodation were
available, It would be an easy natter to increase the nuseun
material, as several collectors would be pleased to give
valuable donations
To solve the existing problem of congestion would
necessitate tho erection of several new buildings and substantial
additions to existing units. This, the Board of Governors realizes,
is not practicable at the present tine. They have, therefore, concentrated on a single semi-permanent building as affording tho
maximum amount of space at a minimum of cost.
To meet these requiremonts in part for the coning session,
should the registration be as largo as is estimated, it will probably
bo necessary to rent certain roons off the campus and convert these
into temporary classrooms.
The present state of overcrowding can produce only one of
two things: either c. further decline in the standards of v/ork that
have gained so favourable a reputation for tho University, or else
a further limitation in numbers. To debar a qualified student from
the advantages of a University education because of inadequate
accomodation would appear to bo invidious and wasteful; to admit
hin without giving him suitable conditions in which to do his host
is to defeat in a measure the primary purpose of tho University. Tho
increasingly important part played by this institution in the life
of the entire Province - cultural, professional, scientific,
industrial, commercial-.constitutes tho justification for those
Respectfully submitted,
Faculty of Arts and Science;
First Year	
QoCOllCL     ISO.! •  o*»o«o«o»o«oo0(>«*«o»«+*«o*
Fourth Year ,	
Faculty of Applied Science:
Second Year	
Third Year. •	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year	
Faculty of Applied Science  (Nursing);
Second Year.	
Third Year	
Fourth Year	
Fifth Year.,	
Faculty of Agriculture:
First Year	
Second Year.	
Third Year	
Fourth Year	
Arts and Science.	
Applied Science	
Agriculture «
Teacher Training Course.	
Women  Men  Total
• v «
• 0 ft
• $ •
• c •
, •.
• •
2049 16.
Classification and Enrolment of students who are
not,.taking" the full undergraduate Courses':     '
Summer Session, Arts and Science (1936)
(Degree Course)....
Extra-Sessional Classes
(Degree Course)«...
Directed Reading Course
(Degree Course)....
Social Service
(Diploma Course)...
Public Health Nursing
(Diploma Course),•
Occupational Course in Agriculture
(Diploma Course)..
Evening Class in Botany.•••»..*..,.».••,.
Women  Men  Total
Nationalities of Students (exclusive of those taking the
Teacher Training Course):
British 1798; Amerioan 49; Chinese 22; Danish 5; Finnish £$
French 5; German 8; Hebrew 5; Italian 14; Japanese %j
Jewish 5> Norwegian 10; Polish 5\  Russian 12; Swedish 8;
others 12. -     Total 2007.
Geographical Distribution of Students ^-eocaluslve of those taking
the Teacher Training Course) :
From Vancouver and Vicinity...
From Victoria.................
From New Westminster..........
From Other Provincial Points..
From Other Provinces..........
From Other Countries ,..,
. *»»»,
. •, * •,
*, • •
TOTAL.   2049 17.
Occupations of Parents (exclusive of those talcing the
Teacher Training Course) :
The following occupations were most largely represented:-
Accountant 35; Agent 30; Banker 22; Barrister 23; Broker 32;
Business Man 20; Carpenter 26; Civil Service 21; Clergy 49;
Clerk 28; Contractor 39; Dentist 17; Doctor 60; Engineer 114;
Farmer 62; Inspector 18; Insurance 37; Labourer 17; Lawyer 34;
Lumberman 23; Manager 51; Merchant 975 Rancher 11; R.R.Employee 44;
Salesman 30; Teacher 50; University Faculty 14.
Location of Graduates:
Number in.-
Vancouver 2140; Other parts of B.C, 1126; Other parts of
Canada 255; United States of America 177; British Isles 32;
Other parts of British Empire 15; Other Countries 35«
Number deceased  62
Number whose address is unknown 367
TOTAL     4209. Comparative Statement  of Attendance
Sessions 1930-31    to    193b-37
Teacher    Total
Arts  and    Applied                           Jigri-          Training Winter Summer      Short          Grand
Session      Science     _Scienoe      Nursing      culture      Course      Session Session   .Courses      Total
1930-31       1580               "*2o9                   4163                 71              2044 ~ 455 '           401                 2900~
1931-32       1477                284                  44                  75              109             1989 441              342                2772
1932-33      1269               288                 47                 71               64            1739 404            181               2324
1933-34      1147                287                   48                  63                6l             1606 370             124                2100
1934-35      1238              320                57                71              66            1652 377            165              2294
1935-36      1337              336                68               80             62           1885 464            278              2625
1936-37      1499              366                47                95              42            2049 566            306              2921
Comparative Statement of Degrees Conferred
Sessions 1931-32    to    195&-37
Year      M.A,       B.A.       B.Com.       M.A.Se,
M.S. A.
~X3 -
OO Comparative Statement of Diplomas Issued
Sessions   "1931-32    to   "T93&-57
Public                                        Occupational
Teacher             Health             Social             Course  in
Year Training HKS,tSS„ .Service^ i^i^cujjbure TOTALS^
1931 58                     11                         -                         3 72
1932 85         8          2          7 102
12          1          11           - 24
1933 58        13          4          - 75
-        1         5         - 6
1934 61       10         -         - 71
3-3         - 6
1935 65       15         3         3 86
1        -         7 8
1936 60       15         -         - 75
12 12
1937 f39                    16-4 ^9
NX) Scholarships. Fellowships and Bursaries Awarded to Graduates
Dtiring the year many scholarships, fellowships and bursaries have been won by
graduates of the University, The following list does not include awards which
have been made in Sht> University of British Columbia.
Value Subject
Where Tenable
Allen,  George S.
Beall,  Desmond
Brink,  Vernon C.
Christy,  Robert F.
Clayton, Henry H.
Daniel son, Gordon C.
.uarrach, Marvin D.
Fcrd, William L.
Fcrdyce, Reid G.
Fulton,  E.Davie
Godard, Hugh P.
Goumeniouk,  Gleb
Grant, W.Leonard
Guthrie,  Andrew
Hebb,  Malcolm H.
Hooley,  Gilbert
How,   Thomas G.
Kusaka, Shuichi
Lovell, Edwin L.
More, Kenneth R.
Morris, Gordon B,
Bidwell Fellowship in Forestry$500.
Beit Fellowship  (3 years) 2,000.
Assistantship 600.
Teaching Fellowship
National Research Council
per yr .Medical Research
Genetics & Agricultural
Rhodes Scholarship (3years)   400 pounds a year
National Research Council    $600. Chemistry
Bursary (and additional scholarship from Cellulose Industries)
Research Assistantship      1,500. Electrical Engineering
The Albert and Anna Howard
Fellowship (half)
Travelling Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Graduate Assistantship
Graduate Scholarship
Sterling Scholarship
Graduate Assistantship
500. Classics
700. Physics
1,500. Physics
1,000. Chemistry
700. Physics
500. History
500. Physics
600. Chemistry
1,400. Physics
500. Geology
Univ. of California
Univ. of London
Univ. of Wisconsin
Univ. of California
Purdue University
Purdue University
Univ. of Toronto
Northwestern Univ,
Cellulose Research
McGill University
Oxford University
Cellulose Research
University of-
Harvard University
Purdue University
Harvard University
Massachusetts Inst.
Purdue University
Clark University
Massachusetts Inst# of
Cellulose Research
Yale University
Massachusetts Inst,
of Name
Value. Subjeot
Where Tenable
Mackenzie, Kenneth R.
McLeish, Charles W.
McMahon, Howard 0.
McPhail, Donald C.
Pyle,  James J.
Teaching Fellowship
Assistant ship
Salisbury,H.Frederick    Assistantship
Smith, Ronald N.
Snow, W.Eugene
Thurber,Judson B.
Volkoff,  George M.
Walker, Forrester
Walker, Robert D.
Watson,Kenneth DeP.
University Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Teaching Fellowship
Graduate Assistantship
West,Philip M
Wi lson ,"Nor ton
Alumni Research Foundation 450.
Fellowship 700.
Physics Univ. of California
Electrical Engineering California Inst, of
Chemistry Massachusetts Inst.of
Meohanical Engineering California Inst.of
Chemistry Cellulose Research
Agricultural Chemistry MacDonald College,
McGill University
Physics Purdue University
Geology California Inst, of
Geology Univ.of Colorado
Physics Univ.of California
Chemistry McGill University
Chemistry Univ.of California
Geology Princeton Graduate
Agronomy Univ.of Wisconsin
California Inst.of
In many cases these scholarships and fellowships carry with them free tuition or exemption
from fees in addition to their monetary value.
Value of scholarships,  fellowships,  and bursaries won by our graduates in
other Universities and in Institutes in 1937 £35,782.00
Total value of scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries won by our
graduates in other Universities and in Institutes since the first
awards were made in 191?..... • •     569>70?.00
Respectfully submitted,
Curriculum Changes
Introductory Courses.
While this report is not intended to reoord curriculum
changes from year to year, reference must be made, however, to
certain proposed changes to which had been given much consideration
by committees and the Faculty as a whole.
As mentioned in the last report (written in March,1937)
the question of the establishment of certain Introductory Courses
in the four fields, the Humanities, and the Biological, Physical
and the Social Sciences, had received careful consideration by
various committees and their reports were topics of discussion
in several meetings of the Faculty. It was finally decided to
reject the proposal that any of these oourses should be required
of all students. One Introductory Course, however, viz. Social
Science 1, has been introduced as an optional course except for
students in certain oourses in Economics or History where it is
a required course. It will be given jointly by the two Departments most directly concerned.
Course for Teachers, of Science;
In an effort to meet the demand for teachers of the
Physical and Biological Science in the Province a new course was
drawn up to provide a somewhat more general knowledge in the
sciences in which a student is not specializing. This will be
done by giving General or Introductory Courses covering the more
advanced fields of Third and Fourth Year work of the three sciences .
(Biology, Chemistry, Physics). A candidate may major in any one
of these sciences but will be required to take the more advanced
General Courses in the other two sciences. The writer is of the
opinion that this arrangement will give a more adequate training
in the field of General Science but he is by no means sanguine
that it will provide many more science teachers as the opportunities
and the emoluments of the teaching profession are not as attractive
as those offered by positions made available to candidates trained
for research or the industrial field.
Forestry Courses;
Provision was made to give effect to the Barr report
so that candidates may complete the double degrees, B.A.,B.S.F.
(Bachelor of Science in Forestry), or B.Com., B.S.F. in five
years. 23.
Credits for Music,.
Six units of credit will be allowed in the Third
and Fourth Years of the B.A,course to candidates who have
completed or are completing certain work in Music.
The Department of Chemistry has been the recipient
of a valuable set of samples of Essential Oils donated by
Fritzsche Brothers of New York, The set comprises over one
hundred and fifty samples used in the perfume and flavouring
industries, put up in a very attractive manner for museum
From time to time valuable collections of various
kinds have been offered, but the University has, in far too
many cases, been unable to aooept the offers inasmuch as it
has been found impossible to provide fireproof space. It is
most regrettable that for this reason much valuable material
is finding its way to museums outside of the Province, Probably
the Provincial Museum or the National Museum may be prevailed
upon to accept valuable collections for us ON LOAN.
As in previous years, the Dean wishes to record his
appreciation of the whole-hearted co-operation rendered by the
whole Faculty.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 84.
In this, my first annual report as Dean of the Faculty,
I desire, at the outset, to declare my adherence to the general
policy enacted by the founders of the Faculty at its inception.
The course of study in Applied Science is of necessity an
exacting one. He who follows it, in any of its branches, must
deal with natural laws, any infraction of which means disaster.
His deductions must be based on premises which are incontrovertible and whioh lead to but one conclusion. This implies
soundness in his training in fundamental subjeots if he is to
win success in the practice of his profession and merit the
confidence which the community reposes in him. This training
in fundamentals it is the duty of the University to provide,and
during the period for which I have the honour to report, a
oommittee has made an exhaustive study of the subjeots whioh
should find a place on the curriculum.
It is felt that emphasis should be laid on subjeots
whioh the average individual will find irksome and difficult
to assimilate to that point where they become of genuine value
to him, if his University training has not provided him with a
knowledge of their fundamentals, rather than on highly specialized
subjects whioh the average individual, soundly grounded in the
essentials of his professional course, can easily master through
subsequent private reading. As a result of these studies the
curricula of the second and third years have been thoroughly
revised, several changes have been made in the curricula of the
fourth and fifth years, and the curricula provided for Forestry
students have been fundamentally altered.
A few of the most important changes are listed below.
1. Biology is deleted from the second year curriculum.
2. Courses in English are added to seoond year and third
year curricula.
3. The time devoted to Mechanical Drawing in the second
year is reduced from six hours a week to three hours
a week.
4. The course in Shop Practice in the seoond year is withdrawn.
5. A course In Shop Work and Mechanical Drawing for students
proceeding to the study of Chemical Engineering, Electrical
Engineering or Meohanical Engineering is provided at the
close of the regular third year term. 25.
6, A course in Gonoral Engineering is added to the
second year curriculum.
7, Courses Physics 6 and Civil Engineering 31 aro
combined into one course designated C.E.31.
8, Thermodynamics (M.E. 6a) is transferred from the
third year curriculum, to the fourth year curriculum
in Electrical and Mechanical Engineering.
9, The course in Metallurgy has beon extended.
10, A course in preventive Medicine has boon added to tho
curriculum in Nursing and Health and tho contents of
other courses wero revised.
11, Revisions havo beon nade in tho fourth and fifth year
curricula in Blootrioal and Moohanioal Engineering.
12, Tho curriculum in Forestry has been revised and extended.
13, The standard of requirements for entranoe to the seoond
year has beon raisod and will bocono effective in tho
Session 1938-39. The passing grade thereafter will be
60 per cont. for Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics (with
no grade below 50 per cent, in any Mathematical subject);
50 por cont, for English and German, In other subjeots
of the first yoor Arts and Science or Senior Matriculation
curricula a grade of'40 per cent,, will be accepted provided
an average of 60 per cent, has been obtained in tho
total work of the year.
14, Tho standard of requirement for ontraneo to tho dogr*oe
oourses in Nursing has beon raised from Junior Matriculation
to that of one completed year in the Faculty of Arts and
Science, and tho standard of requirement for admission
to tho one-yoar certificate course in Nursing was raisod
to Junior Matriculation.
The academic year witnessed increased attendance
in nearly all classes. Tho second year was a particularly large
one, 162 students having applied for admission. Consequently
congestion in classrooms, laboratories, draughting rooms and
mechanical shops was unpreoedently acute, and it Is impossible
to beliovo that the efficiency of instruction was not considerably
impaired. There are prospects for still larger attendance next
year but it is believed that tho raising of the standard of
requirements for entrance to the seoond year will tend to reduce
the number of qualified applicants in the following year. The 26.
new entrance requirements will also have the tendency to reduce
. the number of failures at the mid-term examinations, as the records
of the past eleven years indicate that all students who can meet
the new entrance requirements will have a reasonable chance of
obtaining standing in subsequent tests. Incidentally it may be
observed that the new curriculum in the second year will materially
reduce the number of hours of didactic instruction and will enable
students to spend more time in study and supplementary reading.
Through the courteous cooperation of the Librarian, a working library
of scientific books and current periodicals will be placed in the
reading room of the Applied Science building. Students will be
encouraged to spend some time in directed general reading in order
to beoome familiar with suoh liberal studies as should form part
of the mental equipment of every educated man.  For it is conceded
that the scientist is not solely concerned with teohnical problems,
though as to these he must be an expert, but is becoming more and
more concerned with economic, legal and commercial problems and
should be prepared to meet men of affairs and of liberal education
on an equal footing.
This aspect of scientific education was constantly in
the minds of the members of the staff who recommended additions and
revisions in the courses of General Engineering, English and
Forestry. The new courses in Forestry wore based on recommendations
of Dr. Percy M. Barr, Associate Professor of Forestry, University
of California, who spent the autumn term in British Columbia and
leotured to Forestry classes at the University. I desire to record
my very deep appreciation of Dr. Barr's contribution, also my
grateful thanks to the President and the Board of Governors for
making it possible for Dr. Barr and me to visit the principal
logging camps, lumber mills and pulp and paper mills in the Province.
Several members of the staff have been engaged in researoh.
Mr, F. A, Forward, Assistant Professor of Metallurgy, was given
leave of absenoe in order to investigate methods of treatment of
ores from the B.C.Nickel Mine, These investigations were carried
out at Sumitoma Besshi Mine, Sobiraki, Japan, The University was
very fortunate in securing the services of Mr. B.J.Walsh, B.Sc,
Metallurgist for the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co., Trail,
B,C, who conducted Mr. Forward's classes with marked acceptance.
Professor Gillies, assisted by Mr, Walsh and Mr. Bishop, conducted
important investigations and flotation tests on gold-bearing ores
from several B.C.mines. Assisted by a special research grant of
money, Professor Gillies, in conjunction with the Department of Chemistry,  is engaged on the general research problem of
new flotation reagents.    Mr. Allen of the Department of
Forestry is investigating methods of securing increased
germination of forest tree seeds.      The publication of Dr.
Dolman's soientific papers    is noted elsewhere,  also the
publications by other members of the staff.
In conolusion, may 1 be permitted to thank
the members of the governing boards,  the members of the staff
and the students for numerous aots of kindness and consideration,  and for their generous co-operation in everything
affecting the Interests of the Faculty.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 28
The 1936-37 academic year was not in any way unusual.
Registration in the Faculty, including all grades doing full-
time work, was up to the capacity of classrooms and laboratories.
The teaching work v/as carried out as per Calendar, and generally
speaking, there was little impairment in efficiency.
During recent 2rears there has been a tendency to
encourage the better students to do postgraduate v/ork in order
to fit themselves for the responsibilities of technical positions.
This accounts in part for the relatively large registration for
the Master's Degree. From 15 to 20 per cent of the total
registration is in the higher work.
Research by students in the various Departments under
the direction of the Professors has been encouraged by increases
in the budget items for Supplies and Equipment, In addition,
marked progress has been made in those researches supported by
speoial grants, namely:
(a) British Columbia Fish Oils as a Source of Vitamins
A and D.
(b) Activators for Enzymes.
(c) Causes of Raspberry Failure.
These researches have been stimulating influences in the Departments conducting them.
Within the year Dr. G. H. Harris received a well-
merited promotion from Assistant to Associate Professor of
Horticulture, Dr. Harris has direct charge of all the Plant
Nutrition work, and has proved himself to be an excellent teacher.
In memory of the late Takagi Uyeda, M.S.A.(1935)> the
father, mother and family presented the Department of Horticulture
with the sum of $25.00, to be expended for the purchase of books
to be used by students specializing in Plant Nutrition in the
Department of Horticulture. The books have been purchased and
are now in use.
During the year the initial steps were taken to reorganize the work in connection with the Ayrshire herd. Present
plans call for the elimination of the Jerseys by December 31st,
1937, and for concentration on the Ayrshires as a breeding unit. 29.
Early last fall the work of the Department of Animal
Husbandry was put on a somewhat improved basis by the building
and equipping of a laboratory for work in Animal Pathology. This
laboratory is used not only for student instruction, but for
general diagnostic work in Animal Pathology as well. It is
used in part, also, for work in Poultry Diseases.
During the fall months, 1936, in co-operation with
the Health of Animals Branch, more than 168,000 poultry were
tested for pullorum disease. The laboratory for this work was
equipped by the University. The Health, of Animals Branch of
the Federal Department of Agriculture 'lent the services of one
of their experts, Dr. Bruce, and the poultrymen paid for the
actual cost of making the test. This arrangement was in keeping
with the understanding between the Provincial Departments of
Agriculture and Education, and the University of British Columbia.
As a result of a resolution approved at the last Annual
Meeting of the Canadian Seed Growers' Association, and in cooperation with that body and the Dominion Department of Agricultural
the grounds of the Department of Horticulture of the University
were selected as an official testing station for certain vegetable
and garden seeds. The work was instituted in March, 1937, and
at the close of the year was in active operation. This new work
is financed almost entireljr by the Dominion Department, of
The field part of the studies in wheat, financed mainly
by the Dominion Department of Agriculture, was brought to a conclusion on Maroh 31st of this year, when the last samples from
various sections of the Province were forwarded to the Grain
Researoh Laboratory at Winnipeg for the determination of protein
content. When this report is received it will be possible to
proceed with the preparation of a general report on the project.
Work was continued on the alfalfa during the year, and
some seed has been produced. If this is sent out it will be to
trial plots only.
I feel that some mention should again be made of the
generally overcrowded conditions in the University as a whole.
More space, classroom, and laboratory, could be used in the
Agrioulture Building, but the most pressing problem is the
necessity of finding as much additional accommodation as possible
for other Faoulties. The immediate pressure on the Faoulty can be
relieved most easily by provision of more extensive new accommodation for the other Faculties.
Respectfully submitted,
Dean. 30.
During the year ending August 1937, work among the
women students was carried on as in previous years, the newest
and most important development being, perhaps, the increasing
interest in Physical Education from the point of view of physical
development for the students as a whole rather than of speoial
achievements in games on the part of- a few with outstanding
ability in athletics. Although it has not been thought possible
with the present equipment to introduce the compulsory oourses
for which the majority of Universities in Canada make provision,
the voluntary attendance in the gymnasium classes has shown the
importance which the students attach to the work as conducted
by I'Abs  Gertrude E. Iloore.
Already it has been demonstrated that not only does
the work in physical education add to the physical development
of the women students through the training in posture and the
development of health habits generally, but also, that it
convinces the students of the desirability of inter-class and
inter-faculty games over those of the league games where the
time and the conditions under which they must play are arranged
by a committee with a complete disregard for time tables and
examination schedules and the general conditions of student life.
Another development of importance is a growing .change
in attitude on the part of the Sororities to the University. A
sense of responsibility and a placing of the claims of the
University before the claims of the Sorority havebeen exceedingly
herd to develop, largely because of the influence of the
affiliation with the Sororities of the United States and the
unwarranted stressing of the importance of the head office of
the organization. Gradually, however, a new attitude has been-
developing whioh has shown Itself in a number of ways and which
will probably become more evident during the coming year. The
assistance of the Alumnae members of a number of the groups has
been enlisted and will have an important influence on the plans
which are being formed.
The Phrateres organization whioh came Into existence
two years ago has grown in influence,maintaining the finer
features of the sorority system without the less desirable. The
organization aims to get into its membership the unsocial and the
socially inexperienced girls, and to bring them together under
conditions which will break down the inhibitions caused by
timiditv, supersensitiveness, lack of money and other causes,
and whieh as a consequence, will help to prepare them for the
experiences they will meet after leaving college. The fees ore
kept at the minimum - >2.00 a  year, and provision is made, 31*
without embarrassment to the students concerned, for membership
for those who cannot afford even this small amount* Meetings
exe  held in the afternoon between leotures and dinner in a
room near the campus, and membership is open to all who apply.
The various needs of the women students have been
met in whole or in part according to the charaoter of the
assistance required. Advice has been given as usual in
connection with the choice of vocations and the appropriate
courses of study. In this connection it is interesting to
note the growing disposition on the part of University women
to enter the business world and the increasing opportunities *
for then, A number of times during the past year requests were
received from business houses for Universitjr graduates to
serve in various capacities.
The perennial need for residence accommodation for
students from out of town and especially for a Students' Union
Building grows increasingly insistent, and prevents development
along a number of exceedingly important lines.
The perennial need for financial assistance also
remains without completely satisfactory solution. However, the
small bursary fund dispersed from the Dean of Women's Office
grows from year to year, partially because of the returns made
to it on the part of graduates who were assisted financially
during their student days.
The need persists for a larger number of oourses in
which women are especially interested, suoh as Journalism,
Physical Education, Library Service and Household Economics.
The failure on the part of the University to provide these
courses, and the fact that the campus does not offer residence
privileges account for the attendance at other Universities -
Canadian and American - of a large number of women students who
would otherwise enroll at the University of British Columbia.
Respectfully submitted,
The eighteenth Summer Session of The University of
British Columbia opened on July 5th, 1937,and closed on August
20th, 1937*
The enrolment for the session, classified by college
years, follows (and for'purposes of comparison the corresponding
figures of the three preceding years are given in. parallel oolumfla.l*
First Year
Second Year
Third Year
Fourth Year
Social Service
It will be seen from these figures that the percentage of increase
in total enrolment has been in each year close to twenty per cent*
and that while the enrolment of partial, and first year students
shows very little increase there has been a very marked inorease
in the upper years and most of all in the graduate classes. The
enrolment of 32 students in Social Service studies is a result of
a very desirable rearrangement of the work of the winter session
but from the standpoint of the Summer Session it has brought
no increase of revenue while entailing an addition to operating
The increase in enrolment has been met by a still, greater
increase in the staff as may be seen from the appended statement.
1252   122i   1212   1251
Lecturers employed    37      30      25      25
305* 33.
In the earlier years of the Sumner Session tho
University adopted tho policy of bringing in from other Universities
lecturers of national reputation, a policy that foil into abeyance
during the years of tho depression. That policy has beon revived
and in tho Session just closed lecturers have boon with us from
Tufts College, Mass., the Goorgo Washington University, Washington,
D.C., the University of Indiana, the University of Chicago, tho
University of Idaho, tho University of California at Los Angolos,
tho University of Southern California, Stanford University and tho
University of California fron tho other side of the line and from
McGill, Toronto, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta among Canadian
Universities. So that it nay bo fairly said that a sorious attempt
has beon made to bring tho groat seats of learning to many who
would not be able to go to then.
During the past throo years the curriculum has boon
extended in all diroctions but mainly in tho direction of introducing courses in the sciences and to sono extent in the languages
in the upper years. The University requires of all candidates
for tho B.A.dogreo at least one course in a science; it has
therefore at all tinos offorod beginning courses in Chemistry,
Physics and Biology.  It also requires of then that they should
in their third and fourth years select a Major and a Minor field
of study, but up to tho present it has not nado it possible for
a summer student to find his ninor field nuch loss his najor
field either in Science or amongst tho Languages. An attempt has
been nado to renove this condition by providing uppor year courses
in science but it does not go all the way. Later in this report
will be found a recommendation offering a solution. The enrolment
of graduate students suggests the advisability of developing
graduate work noro deliberately. There has always been something
done in this lino noro or loss as a by-produot in certain subjects
but the tine has como for graduate courses shaped and given as
Statistics of growth for tho last few years woro givon
earlier in this report. A forecast of tho probablo growth in
the years that are to cone nay bo attemptod. The enrolment of
partial students has always; been negligible as far as numbers
go. Tho first year shows no tendency to increase, rather the
opposite; Senior Matriculation is a readier, cheaper and noro
rapid way to second year standing. The Second Yoar has however
grown rapidly .and Second Year students aro in almost all cases
looking forward to thoir degree. The sane is true of the Third
and Fourth Years. Moro bachelor's degrees aro being granted at tho
Autumn Congregation of 1937 than in.former years, and yot there
is no reason to fool that students are passing out of'the undergraduate courses noro rapidly than they are coning in, while tho
great increase in tho numbers of graduate students suggests that
most of tho graduates of 1937 will bo found enrolled as graduate 34,
students in 1939 if not in 1938 (for most will feel the need
of a year's respite aftor the long grind of eight or ten years
in Summer classes). We oan, I think, look forward to the rate of
increase whioh we have begun to look upon as normal being kept
up in future years.
The attempt which was made to serve the High Schools by
offering Refresher Courses (Chemistry, English, Fronoh) mot with
very little success. Only in French was thero an enrolment
sufficient to enoourago its-continuanoe. It would be well to
await suggestions from the quarters most vitally interested before
making any further moves in that direotion.
(1) I shall be glad if tho administration will see fit to
authorize an expenditure for 1938 equal to or slightly in oxoess
of the revenue of 1937.
(2) Appointments should be made not to named courses within
Departments but to Departments as a whole. This will make it
possible to deal with unanticipated vagaries in registration and
will in largo measure free us from the embarrassment whioh arises
when an appointment has been made and the appointee waits for a
class that,falls short, of the desired numbers while in the same
department another class is too large for satisfactory work.
(3) If the appointment of a director for 1939 and the
budget for that year - at least to the extent of accepting the
general principle of the first of these recommendations - woro
settled with the general University Budget for 1938-39j it
would make it possible to make arrangements for 1939 during the
summer of 1938.
(4) The difficulties found in developing tho work in
Science may be met in one of two ways (a) by allowing students
in the Summer Session to fulfil the requirements as to Majors
and Minors for the Bachelor's degree by taking the required
courses (nine units in the one case, six In tho other) not in
any one science (Chemistry or Physios or Biology) but in the
whole field of science, (b) by-increasing the number of courses
offered in the Departments in question.
The former oourse would involve no extra expense
and would I think fit in with the now programme of study in the
schools of tho Province. It would be open to the very sorious
objection that it made a vital differonoo between the work of tho
Summer Session and the regular winter curriculum. 35>
The second course will involve a real increase
in expenditure but ono that will not overtax a revenue that Is so
steadily increasing. This increased expenditure can be kept down
by building our programme of studies not for ono Session as in the
past but for a three, year period (it may bo noted in passing that
such a change of methods will have other advantages and in other
(5) 1 shall also propose to two or three Departments that
oourses be offered for graduate credit leading to tho Master's
aiegree, and shall in the event of their being approved ask the
Board to make provision for them in its Budget.
(6) The oourses in the Summer Session have been shaped
almost entirely with an eye to the requirements for the degrees
of Master and Bachelor of Arts. Others have been offered for
cultural purposes but without University Sredit, and this absence
of credit has told very much against their success; students are
not unnaturally bent on securing their degrees and find the
regular course long enough without detours. The Department of
Education, however, requires students who pass from the Normal
School to the class room and then as Summer Session students
obtain their degrees, to take 4 1/2 units beyond the
I have suggested to the Department of Education that the courses
which v/e are already giving in Music and Art, and those that we
are hoping to give in Physical Education and Library work, might
be accepted by it in partial satisfaction of this requirement.
I have received such a measure of sympathy with the suggestion
that I hope it will be possible to give these subjects a regular
plaoe in our curriculum - not for undergraduate but for Departmental
I believe, too, that the interests of the Summer
Session as a whole would be served by removing the annual limitation
of the Director's appointment and by giving him a seat in Senate
where he can support and maintain the policies which he believes
desirable. '
Respectfully submitted,
Director of Sumner Session, 36,
Country Programme.
Tho variety of the industries of British Columbia,
the pioneer character of the scattered nining, fishing, lumbering
and agricultural sottlenents, and the isolation of many communities
present the University with a very difficult problem, in the
natter of extension activities. The cost of travel, the
differences of climate, nnd the lack of institutions of higher
learning in the outlying districts, lay a very heavy responsibility
upon tho Provincial University with its sole degree-grantlag
powers. Furthermore, its alumni are not yet old enough to make
their influence in the various districts completely effective
from the standpoint of leadership. Heterogeneity of occupation
makes approach fron the purely vocational angle somewhat
difficult, but it is clear that the Faculty of Agrlcultxire, the
Department of Metallurgy and Mining, the Departnont of Forestry
and the Department of Zoology, nust be tied into any programme.
Travel and tine token in travel are serious obstacles. The
Peace River Block, for example, has to be reached through
Edmonton. It is clear then that visual aids, libraries, and
the radio nust be developed if tho territory is to be served.
Furthermore, local interest in musical festivals and drama
festivals needs to be stimulated. The drama can become a very
useful instrument in the whole enterprise.
Extension Lectures..
The work which has been dono through extension leotures
has been remarkable. The first year's programme following the
establishment of the Departnont, involved 573 lectures to an
estimated attendance of almost 38,000. The sooond year's programme,
which is the one under review, included 201 lectures between
October, 1936, and the end of April, 1937. Since then members of
the Faculty of Agriculture have attended Farmers' Institute Conventions throughout tho Province. This is referred to later. It
has boon found desirable to make a charge of &5«00 for each
extension lecture and in order to pronote tho three-day
consecutive course by one lecturer, to nake a fee of -'!?7<?50 for
the throe-day courso.
With regard to using the University staff for lectures
in the country, it will always bo somewhat of a problem to do
this without disrupting the work of the University, but with care
such visits can be arranged and undoubtedly they are of great
value, not only to tho districts concerned, but to the staff of 37.
tho University in acquainting them with the life and conditions
throughout tho Provinco. However, it night be well to explore
the possibility of an auxiliary corps of lecturers outside the
staff of the University. There are to be found in this Province
a number of public-spirited men and women who are specialists in
various fields and who could, under guidance of the Extension
Department, render notable service.
Short Courses.
In view of the lack of agricultural schools after the
pattern of Alberta and of institutions of higher learning other
than high schools, I have come to the conclusion that an effort
should be made to group all the various services of the
University into short-course efforts in outlying communities.
These oourses should bear direct relationship, not only to the
vocational needs of the district concerned, but should be
cultural in character. Typical areas to be served are the
Courtenay district, (Vancouver Island) the Okanagan, the
Kootenays, the Cariboo, Burns Lake, Prince Rupert and the Peace
River Block.
Libr ary.
There are upwards of 1000 volumes in the Extension
Library. The regulations, which have been discussed with the
Librarian are on file and cover the questions of transport
charges, registration and library fee, supplementary reading,
assistance of local organizations, and cooperation with the
B.C.Library Commission and regional libraries. Cardboard containers for sets of eight or nine volumes eaoh would seem the
best method of packaging sets of books for use of groups. As
a general policy, it is felt that the Extension Library should
not be made to serve individuals but should confine itself
to study-groups.
Summer School.
In connection with the Summer School it has been
suggested that the present successful policy should be continued.
There would appear to be an opportunity for the development of
non-credit courses in connection with the summer School. However,
it should be clearly understood that the success of these non-
oredit oourses would depend greatly upon the amount and kind of
publicity given them. Furthermore, tho framing of the oourses
has to be done with some care. Undoubtedly there will be many
who come from other parts of Canada who might be interested in 38.
taking a short non-credit course at the University.    It is
suggested that probably three-week courses,  using the more
well-known names, might prove attractive,  perhaps even to
those who do not wish to give up the whole of their holiday
to summer school.    Such courses,  however,   cannot be a mere
re-hash of academic classroom lectures.    They would probably
require more care in their selection and preparation than
the ordinary academic  oourses..    The locale of the Summer
Session at the University of British Columbia has obviously
greater attractions than that of  any other summer school
in Canada,
Summary of Main Projects.
1. Courses of Extension Leotures.
2. Evening Classes.
3. Visual Education.
4. Radio Programmes,
5* Improvement of Library Facilities.
6• Study-Groups,
7. Forums,  Vancouver Institute,  etc.
8. Workers'   Education.
9. Short Courses throughout province,
10.    Study-Group Leaders'   Courses at University.
Extension activities are vital to the continuance
of the University as a Provincial institution serving the
whole Province.    In this phase of the University's responsibilities,
there can be no substitute.
Respectfully submitted,
Director of University Extension, 39.
General Statement.
During the Session 1936-37,   the Physical Education
Programme has very effectively progressed towards a more stable
and beneficial part  of the students'   education.     Classes have
been oonducted in Basketball,   Volleyball,   Tumbling, Wrestling,
Boxing and various exeroises of  "corrective" value.    In addition
to these classes a programme of intramural athletics has been
carried out during the entire year,  which has made it possible
for those who  cannot attend classes to take part in some kind
of healthful exercise that will fit into their weekly time
Over four hundred,  or thirty-five per cent,  of the
total number of men enrolled at the University,  have participated
in the various intramural activities during this university session^
In addition to this group,   there have been approximately two
hundred men active in the many university sports,   and two hundred
and eighty in the Physical Education classes.  This means that
•nearly seventy-five per cent,  of the men attending the University
have had some form of healthful activity during the year.
A brief summary of physical Education
in the mens'  division for the Session 1936-37 is as follows:
Total number of registrations 232
Average weekly attendance 220
Total number participating in intramural
activities 410
Equipment slips issued 1,193
Some of the suggested activities for next year are as
1.  That all the work to be done in connection with
the Golf class be concerned with fundamentals which
can bo practised indoors with the use of fibre mats,
cotton balls, and a canvas target for practice drives, 40,
2.  That Handball and Squash be included in the intramural . pr ogr amme •
3»  With the construction of an Archery range oapable
of handling a class of thirty, there will be an
opportunity of developing a good class in Archery.
4.  A definite hour will bo set aside for tho men in
Badminton, so that they will have a chance to
practise and also learn the game.
With these activities added to the programme for
next year, a training room, whioh will be constructed this
summer in the northeast corner of the Gymnasium, and a new
Stadium, Physioal Education should be so stimulated as to
increase the entire programme's popularity toward a hundred
per cent, student participation.
Respectfully submitted,
Instructor in Physical
Education for Men. 41.
Registrations in Physioal Education for women have been
over four hundred during the Session 1936-37 ->    All classes in
the Gymnasium have been large  and well attended-,'   The class
for beginners in Badminton numbered over seventy-five,  and in
Archery,  over sixty,    A class in Golf was limited to fifteen
and was held during the fall term.    Registrations for Theory
of Physical Iduoation reached eighty-five,  but a suitable time
could not bo arranged and only twenty-six of that-number were
able to attend.    The Folk Dancing class, with registrations of
sixty, had to be cancelled to accommodate the Education Class
in Physical Education,in the Gymnasium. ' Eight girls wero
given special work in Volleyball technique,   so that they could
assist with coaching and refereeing in intramural sports. Courts
throughout the year have been crowded on Tuesday and Thursday
afternoon Badminton practice periods,
The programme was carried out regularly during the year.
Classes have been well attended and a decided improvement shown
in the work done. Large numbers of women have not only learned
new sports, but have made satisfactory progress in their skill
in them, A marked increase in interest in Physical Education
has been shown. Several women have chosen Physical Education
subjeots for essays in English. A display of Physioal Education
books in the library received attention from a great many women.
The books have been used by various girls who have given leadership in intramurals, in revising the system of awards, and in
getting materials for use in teaching. Assistance has been
given by the physioal director wherever possible in all sports
carried on by the women. A decided effort has been made to coordinate all phases of the programme, and to give leadership when
there has been an opportunity for it. The programme has included,
as well as those activities already mentioned, Basketball, Ground
Hockey, Hiking, Swimming, Evening Badminton club and intramurals.
Plans had been made for an open afternoon In the
Gymnasium in the spring term to demonstrate the work of the
women in Physical Education. The 'flu epidemic made the carrying
out of these plans an impossibility. It is hoped, however,
that they can be realized in the future. .  42.
The Annual Women's Athletic Association Lunoheon closed
the season. Mrs. Raphael, Convenor of tho Physical Education
Committee of tho Provincial Parent-Teacher Association, spoke
briefly on pioneering in Physioal Education in Canada, and
of the community interest that has been aroused in British
Columbia in adequate teacher training in Physical Education.
In addition to the intramural report, reports of the year wero
given by each sport olub representative. Miss Moore expressed
her thanks for the enthusiasm and energetic support given by
student loaders. Mrs. Paul Boving presented the awards.
A new system of awards for women is being developed. The
basis upon which awards will be given will be more graded, v/ill
havo an appeal to a larger number of women, and will include
skill,service and sportmanship, as well as competition.
Intramural Activities.
An intramural programme has beon successfully carried
out during the year. The aim of this part of the programme is:
1. To give largo numbers of womon the opportunity
for competition under favorable conditions
without excossivo strain.
2. To provide an opportunity for women to learn
new games and to encourage improvement of skill
in games.
3. To give opportunity for the development of
student leadership to women desiring to equip
themselves for teaohing and rooroational work.
4.  To foster the spirit of play among women
students, and to encourage participation in
recreational activities.
During tho Fall Term tournaments were held in badminton and
volleyball, with toams of eight participating in each sport.
Volleyball was introduced, coaching given teams and a marked
improvement was evidenced in the play during the season.
Arrangements for an inter-class swimming meet were made but
had to be cancelled and a basketball tournament was held.
The members of tho Senior Basketball Team acted as ooaches and
referees. An archory tournament which had been planned was
unavoidably cancelled.
The Intramural Cup was won by the Sophomore Class. Tho
Basketball Intramural Cup was won by the Senior Class. Individual 43.
awards have been given eaoh member of a winning team in eaoh
intramural sport.
Recommendations for 1937-38.
1. That Physical Education be made compulsory for  first
year women students,- two hours per week,  twenty hours during
the first term,  twenty-eight hours during the seoond term,   a
total of forty-eight hours during the session;   absences of one-
eighth to be permitted throughout the year,  reports of absence
through illness  to be given to  the University Health  Service;
one hour a week to be spent  in Physical Training in the
Gymnasium and,   if the student desires,   one hour in an organized
sport elected by the student.
No positive credit will be given for this work,  but
students may not proceed to the second year without the requirements in Physical Education being met.     (This is following the
procedure of a large proportion of Canadian universities.)
2. That medical examinations for all women students
participating in Physical Education activities,  given by the
University Health Servioe,  be completed by October 1st,   a
sufficient report of these examinations to be given the Physioal
Director in order that  students may be assured of getting the
best possible results from their physical work.
3. That the training of student leadership in sports
begun this year be developed into a Reoreational Leadership Course,
for the purpose of assisting women who desire to take positions
in playgrounds or reoreational work.
4. That provision bo made in the budget for the rental of
a swimming pool so that Swimming and Life-Saving may be included
In the programme for women,
5. That recognition be given to noon-hour activities in
such a way as to prevent minor affairs from interfering with
them and destroying their value to the students participating,
as well as those giving leadership in the noon-hour activities.
Respectfully submitted,
Instructor  in Physioal
Education for Women. 44.
I have the honour to submit herewith, a report of tho
Students' Health Service during the Academic Year 1936-37, and
the Summer Session 1937*
The Metropolitan Health Committee assumed tho
responsibility for providing the University with its Health
Service, commencing November 1st, 1936.
The service whioh this department plans, is to provide
a complete physical examination for overy student entering tho
University for the first time; a re-examination, if the student
stays for more than four years; a personal conference during
the term with all students who receive an examination in tho
fall - this conforenco for the purpose of individualizing the
entrance examination, and rechecking or following up abnormalities
whioh were noted at that time; assignment to physical activities
In accordance with physical capacities; interoollogiate athletics;
consultation with the medioal dirootor at specified times; preventive vaccinations and inoculations; first aid and simple
health advice from the nurse at any time during the hours the
University is open.  In addition to this personal service to
students, there is provision for the annual examination of all
food handlers in the University Cafeteria and supervision of the
general sanitation of the Campus.
Physical Examination of Students,.
This work v/as completed before the end of November, 1936,
being done in special quarters provided by the University in the
Endowment Lands Office. This allowed ample room with more
satisfactory facilities for the medical examiners. Much time
was saved the students through this arrangement.
Altogether, seven hundred and fifty-two students were
examined this fall term, compared to six hundred and fifty-two
in the 1935-36 Session. Many of the defects were minor, but by
urging the student to havo these correoted, many serious sequelae
are prevented. A comparison with the percentage of defects found
last year shows that there is this year generally a higher
incidence of minor defects, but a smaller percentage of serious
defects, such as heart disease, tuberculosis, thyroid and
nervous diseases. 45 •
Medioal Service
The Health Service provides no treatment service for
students. However there is constantly a great deal of minor
illness, first aid, emotional, and personal problems, for which
the students seek help In our department? The students are
..referred to the medical officer by the nurse for examination and
.diagnosis, and if the condition found requires medical treatment,
the student is referred to his family physician, or| as is sometimes the case, if the student cannot pay for treatment, other
arrangements havo to be made. The-medical care of sick students
in straitened circumstances is sometimes a difficult problem.
To control communicable diseases and to see that the students gej>
proper medical treatment, it is important that they regard the
Health Service as the centre to report to, when they become ill.
The total amount of service rendered to students has
been high in the past year, as shown in Table I.
Services rendered 4855
Total number of persons reporting
once or more often 3119
Total number of staff and students
reporting 1885
Visits to the Health Service for Medical Attention
■ '*miii ■■ iim in* m~-»~~mw»mm*mmm^**m^--mmmmmmm*.wp* >r,,m*.,., mm—i^Ma—ini i ,11 mmt<    w—.r ,, i|,^Bi,Mp^^twwMwwawWBBMppW^,w>.<r.l.l .^t^,,,..-.
Routine medical examinations 752
Consultations with director 141
Referred to family physician 88
Referred to dentist 10
Health advice by nurse 821
First aid rendered 338
Follow-up of defects 300
Immuni zat ions
Vaccinations 173
Diphtheria toxoid 8
Schick & Djiok tests 7
Tuberculin1 tests 5
Total 2^3
In addition to this, a large part of the Nurse's work
is interviewing contacts of communicable diseases, and making
daily physioal inspections of these persons,  to deteot  the early
signs of the disease-  286 such services were rendered. 1
As Director of the Students' Health Service, I assumed
my duties on December 1st, 1936, after tho routine medical
examinations were finished.
Communicable Disoasos.
It is important to know what proportion of tho students
are immune to tho various communicable diseases, cither by reason  i
of a previous attack, or by artificial immunization procedures. It  i
was found that of tho new students examined for tho Session 1936-37:-
52% or 393 had not had Mumps
12% or 93  °  " " Measles
73% or 559  "  " " Scarlot Fevor
37% or 281  "  « » Chicken-pox
•85% or 645  »  " " Rubella :
13% or 99  "  " been vaccinated against Smallpox.
Theso susceptiblos reprosent a great number of potential ;
cases, so that constant watch must be kept to prevent ovon ono ■;
missoa case of communicable disease starting an epidemic.
An epidemic of influenza occurred in the city in January I
and February of this year, and this increased the students' time losl
from morbidity. It was of a fairly severe typo, and unfortunately I
ono student diod after having gone homo to Victoria sick, with the .,
Two more students woro found with very early tuberculosis,;
and wore able to continue their oourses under supervision of the 1
Health Service. Both have since cleared up, but remain under ■!
Number of Cases of Communicable Diseases Reported.
Days Lost
Common Cold
595                                             j
. 233
Diseases not Communicable,
but Causing Loss of Time.
Days Lost
Sore Throat
32 Number
Total days lost through illness
Days Lost
Skin Disease
Accidents and other
Public Health Education
During the year the Director gave talks to the
bacteriology class, the nursing classes,  and the pre-medical
society on health subjects.    Next year it is hoped to put on
a series of lectures and demonstrations that will interest the
students more in matters of health.    Health pamphlets and
literature are given away by the staff of the Health Service.
Campus Sanitation
The Cafeteria staff were all  examined and given blood
tests early in the year.    A monthly inspection is made of the
University Cafeteria and kitchen,  and the gymnasia and lavatories
are similarly supervised.
Report of the Activities of the Students' Health Service
during the Summer Session of 19.3,7,.
For the first time in the history of the University,
the Summer Session Students were offered a full time health
service.    Miss Muriel Upshall was appointed public health
nurse for the University and University Endowment Area, her
duties commencing July 1st,  1937*
The following services were given to the students.
The nurse was on duty at the University from  9 to 11 a.m.  on
each week-day.    The medical officer visited regularly eaoh
Wednesday and Friday mornings during the session, and was
available for medical examinations and consultations on health
Volume of work.    47 persons reported for advice and treatment
during the   Simmer Session.    Of this number,  6 were referred to the
medioal officer.    First Aid was given to  21 students for
injuries and other complaints. 48.
Preventive inoculations were available for those
requesting then. This included 2 smallpox vaccinations: and
3 typhoid inoculations were given to a student who was going
to a typhoid endemic area. Tv/o others wore given tuberculin
skin tests and further investigated for tuberculosis.
Days lost through illnoss. During tho seven weeks of the
Summer Session, two days only were lost through illness, as
reported to the Health Service. These days lost wore due to
dysmenorrhooa, which is the greatest cause of morbidity in
college wonon. A health sorvioo would justify itself b^
treatment of, and reduction of lost tine by this one cause
alone, Thore wero no cumnunicable diseases reported among
the Summer Session students.
Considering that no compulsory examinations were
demanded, and that the service was there only for those who
oared to avail themselves of it, I think that the response has
been gratifying and that In future years a noro ambitious health
program nay be given.
When people fron many different rural and urban areas
congregate in such a meeting it has been the experience of
epidenologists and health "authorities that communicable-disease
outbreaks aro a common sequel. A well organized health service
can prevent such occurrences as well as rendering the extra
routine services desirable.
While the Health Service provides a continuous limited
medical service for the students, speoial attention is given to
preventive and constructive services, suoh as periodic health
examinations, mental hygiene, immunizations, tuberoulosis control,
etc., and it is hoped that the members oan carry on certain
studies and observations that will be, in the future, of great
benefit to the student body.
Respectfully submitted,
Students* Health Service. 49.
I have the honour to present tho ninth annual
report of the Student Health Service of the University
of British Columbia,
The new method of conducting the nodical
examination of students during tho day tin© is much
appreciated by both parents and students, and despite
the difficulties inseparable fron any work of reorganization, the yeart^ work has been vory satisfactory. •UNIVERSITY HEALTH  SEW ICE
Total number;of Staff
and Students-Reporting
Number of Staff  and Students JTotal Number of
reporting Once or More often sServices Rendered
3119 4855
Services Specified
to Medioal
Re-Appointments Made
and Notices
Health Literature Given
(Exclusive of Contact Interviews
and Inspections, and Vaccination
Reports to Deans and Professors
 149 ._
Consultations with Parents
and Physicians
Medical Certificates fron
Toxoid T.B.
8     5
i Vaccination
Schickj Students to be
and   Vaccinated Later
Dick 7
and Smallpox
Other     |
Students  j
Nam e ! 2"A
(Detailed Report)
(1936-37  Session)
saps j Chicker.
! pox
.-j Rubella
1     ~
14 j   1
320 ;
Days Lost
Name    j Pharyngitis    j
Accidents and
Other Illnesses
No. Cases  3
Days Los*uj 14
i        t
Days' Lost Through
Communicable Diseases
Total Days Lost
Days Saved ■ Students' time saved based
1 on |3.00 per day
108    |        $324.00
Contact Interviews
Contact Inspections Made
Respectfully submitted,
Public Health Supervisor.
H •   52.
I bog loovo to enclose herewith tho Annual Roport for
the University of British Columbia Contingent,  CO.T.C,  for
tho year 1936-37:
1, Change of Corn and;
Lieut.-Col, H.  F. G. Lotson, M.C,  E.D., upon his  appointment
to command tho 14th Infantry Brigado relinquished tho oonnaM
of tho University of British Columbia Contingent,  Canadian
Officers'  Training Corps.    Lieut.-Col. G.M.Shrum, M.M., was
appointed to command in succession to Lixait^CixU Lotson,
M.C, E.D., with of feet fron January 3rd,   1937»
Tho officor commanding wishes to record that all stores,
arms and documents woro handed ovor in splendid condition
and that tho discipline, training,  and efficiency of tho
personnel woro of tho highest order.
2, Pronotions-;
Qualified for the rank of Lieut.-Col.
Capt*  G, 1/U  Shrun of U4B*C Cojitingont, CQ*T.C.
To bo Lieutenant
2/Liout, A. J. Johnson.
3, Officor Personnel;
Llout.-Col. G, E, Shrun, M.M., Commanding Officer
Major G. A. Lanont, C.A.M.C, Medical Officor
Lieut. G, S, Allen, Acting Adjutant.
4.'  Instructors;
(a) Sgt.-Inst. Whito R.C.E. gavo a series of lectures
to tho candidates preparing for certificates WAW and
"B" Engineers,
(b) Q.M.S.I., A.A.Smith was again Unit Instructor and
very capably carried out his duties. A large measure
of tho Unit's suocoss oan be attributed to his
uneeasing efforts. 33.
5»     Training - General.
The training period was divided into three parts
as below:
(a) Fall Term .
The parades v/ere held every Tuesday night in the
Seaforth Armouries on Cedar Street from 7:30 to 10:p.m.
The "A" and "B" Engineers certificate lectures were
held in the evening at the University under Sgt.Inst.
White, R.C.j;.
The "A"  and  "B" Infantry preparation was  conducted by
Q.M.S.I., A.A,Smith of the P.P.C.L.I.  during parades
and various times throughout the day and at noon hour
periods at the University.
(b) Training m Work Ppijit Barracks.
A party of officers,  N.C.O.'s and cadets underwent a
period of training at Work Point Barraoks,  Victoria,
B.C.    The  course was oonduoted by P.A.M.officers and
instructors.    It was of a general nature and included
drill,  tactical exercises,   instruction in gas discipline,
and leotures dealing with taotics of various  arms of the
The  KAH and "B" Engineer candidates were given practical
instruction in bridging,  demolitions,  construction of
field works  and other subjects.
The party consisted of five officers and thirty-seven
cadets.    Of these two N.C.O's and one  officer were
engaged in the Engineering course.
(°)    Spring Term.
The parades were again held at the Seaforth Armouries,
Certificate courses v/ere continued.
6«  Training.. -_ Speci al,
(&) Small Arms School,
Two officers attended the C.S.A.S. at Camp Sarcee,
Alberta, and were successful in passing their
examinati ons. 54.
Training - Speoial (Continued)
(b)  School of Signals.
Three officers were successful in passing their
7i  Results of Examinations,
The certificate examinations v/ere conducted by an
examining board appointed by M.D.No.U at the
University of British Columbia on the l6th and
17th March, 1937. The results were as follows:
»B" Engineers:
Candidates writing 1; passed 0.
'Li" Engineers;
Candidates writing 2; passed 2»
"Bir Infantry:
Candidates writing 7; passed 5»
"A" Infantry:
Candidates writing 11; passed 11.
8.  Musketry.
(a) Members of the Corps carried out the prescribed
classification on Blair Range in October and
November 1936.
(b) The annual Inter-University Service Rifle Competition
v/as fired on November 17th, 1936. The ranges were
200, 500 and 600 yards.
The shooting conditions were excellent throughout the
entire matoh, resulting in a total score that is a
record for this competition.
The thanks of the Corps are extended to Lieut,D.
Wbrthington for acting as Range Officer.
9•  Principal Awards and Presentations;
The trophy for the inter-university competition was
awarded the University of British Columbia Contingent. 55*
Principal Awards and Pr^sejitatijans^ (Continued)
The Wesbrook Cup was awarded to  o/CQ,.K.S.Hand with a
score of 688/700.
The Maclnnes Shield v/as won by 2/Lieut.A.P.Morley v/ith
a score of 104/115.
The General Leokie Shield was awarded to Lieut.R.F.Ohlson
who obtained a score of 104/105.
10, Annual Inspect ion.
The annual inspection by the D.O.C M.D, No.  llfBrigadier
D.J.Macdonald,  D.S.O,, M.C,  took plaoe at 8:30 p.m.,
March 2nd,   1937, at the Seaforth Armouries.
The parade strength was as follows
Officers -    12
N.C.O's and men    60
Total    -    72*7
11 .General Comment.
(a) The general v/ork of the Corps progressed very well during
the past year. The attendance at the parades and rifle
practices v/as much better than usual.
(b) The most notable success of the Corps was the winning
of the cup in the annual Inter-University Service Rifle
Competition. This is the first time that this cup has
been won by a University West of the Great Lakes.
(c) There were no breaches of discipline of any kind during
the year and the relations between the members of the
Corps were excellent,
(d) The Ordnance Inspection v/as satisfactory and revealed
only minor shortages.
(e) The annual audit of funds v/as carried out by a Board
appointed for the purpose and the books and accounts were
found correct.
(f) The Corps is now equipped not only with the new officer's
pattern uniform for all the cadots, but has sufficient
uniforms, including swords, for the full establishment of
officers. 56
General Comment (continued)
(g)  During the past year the Corps has had a full
complement of officers.
12.  Note of. Appreciation by, the O.C.
The Officer Commanding v/ishos to record his
appreciation of the assistance and cooperation afforded
him by the Chancellor, the President, the Board of
Governors, the Committee on Military Education, the
D.O.C.M.D.#11 and Staff, the O.C. of the Seaforth
Highlanders of Canada, the 0.0. of the 14th Infantry
Brigade and all others who have contributed to the
success of the Corps.
Respectfully submitted,
Lieut j~^ol. PUBLICATIONS $1.
Dr. C E.  DoLman:
"Serum Therapy", Canadian Medioal Association Journal,
Vol. 35, p».628-635, 1936.
"Staphylococcus Toxin, Toxoid, and Antitoxin",
Canadian Public Health Journal, Vol. 27fpp# 529-535, 1936.
"Undulant Fever", Vancouver Medioal Association
Bulletin, Nov. 1936 (Condensed).
Dr. D. C, B. Duff:
"Dissociation in Bacillus Salmonicida, with Special
Reference to the Appearance of a G form of Culture",
Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 34, ppi. 49-67, 1937*
Mr. J. J. Pyle, Mr. J.H. Fisher and Dr. R. H. Clark:
"The Effeot of Physiologically Active Material'upon
Kidney Phosphatase", Journal Biol. Chen., Vol, 117,
Dr. J. A. Harris:
"Plastics and Solvents from the Farm",
Pacific Chemical and Metallurgical Industries,
August, 1937*
Dr. M. J. Marshall. Mr. F. Walker and Mr. D.H.Baker;
"The Efficiency of Packings for Laboratory Distilling
Canadian Journal of Research, Vol. 15, Sec.B., p»l, 1937*
Dr. M. J. Marshall and Mr. A. S. Maclnnes;
"The Heat of Absorption of Oxygen on Charcoal at Low
Surface Concentrations",
Canadian Journal of Research, Vol. 15, Seo. B., $* 75, 1937 58.
Departnont of Chemistry - continued:
Dr. WV. F, Seyer and Mr, Roid G. Fordyce:
"Tho Mutual Solubilities of Hydrocarbons I,
Tho Freezing-point Curves of Dotriacontana in
Propane and Butane",
Journal, American Chemistry Society 58, 2029,.1936.
Dr. W. F. Sever and Mr. L. Hodnett:
"Tho System Gaprylone - Sulphur Dioxide",
Journal, American Chemistry society 58, 998, I936.
Dr. W. F. Seyer? Mr, 1C. Martin and Mr. L« Hodnett;
"Systems of Sulphur Dioxide and Isomeric Xylenes",
Journal, American Chemistry society 59, 362, 1937*
Dr. W. F. Seyor find Mr., W« F. Oornett:
"Tho System Sulphur Dioxide and Dooolin",
Journal C & E. Chen. 29, 91, 1937.
Dr. William Ure, Mr. F. A. Deliale, Mr. W.R.T,Fowler and
Mr.'.. E",' L'T'' Love ll:
"Tho Thermal Decomposition of Crotonaldehyde",
Trans. Royal Society (Canada) III, SXC, 65, 1936.
Dr. William Ure and .Mr. J. N. Wilson:
"The Periodic Coagulation of Gold Sol in the Presence
of Colloidal Silica",
Journal of Physioal Chemistry, 1937.
Mr. G. B. Riddehough;
"William. Morris's Translation of the Aeneid",
Journal of English and Germanic Philology,
July, 1937, Vol. XDCVT, No. 3, pp. 338-346.
Published by the University of Illinois
Quarterly at Urbana, Illinois. 59-
Mr. H. F. Angus:
"The Problem of Peaceful Change in the Pacific Area",
issued under the auspices of the Secretariat,
Institute of pacific Relations for the Tenth International studies Conference,  Paris, June,  1937.
Kelly and Walsh,  Shanghai,  China,  pp. vii + 193.
"The Working of Confederation",
Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Scienoa.
August,  1937-
"Are We At War?",
Dalhousio Review, August,  1937.
"Health Insurance in British Columbia",
Canadian Forun, April,  1937«
Dr. C. W.  Topping:
"Tho Engineering Approach to the Delinquent and the
Sociology and Social Research, March-April,  1937,
Vol. XXI,  No.   4.
"Sociological Research and Political Leadership",
Sociology and Social Research,   July-August,  1936,
Vol*XX,  No.  6.
Mr. J.  F.  Day:
"Business Practices and Ethics  in Ancient  Days  - and Now",
Brochure written for tho Canadian Credit Men's Assoc,
at request of tho Department of Extension (University
of Toronto), April, 1937.
Dr. W,  G.  Black:
"What Can the Schools do to Counteract Materialism?",
Hone and School, Special International Supplement
for 1937, published in Great Britain.
"Patriotism and Internationalism",
Coronation, 1937, B.C. Department of Education,
May, 1937- 6o,
Department  of Education - continued:
"Report of r.T.A.Work in British Columbia",
Report of Fifth Convention of Canadian Federation
of School and Hone,  Toronto, Soptonber,   1936.
"The Year Ahead for P,T.A.Work",
Parent-Teacher Magazine,  Vancouver, September, 1936.
"Tho Givo  and Take of Citizenship",
Parent-To aoh or Magazine,  Vanoouvor,   December, 193-6-%.
"Parent-Teaoher Delegations,  1936-37",
Paront-Teachor Magazine,  Vancouver, Maroh,  1937•
"President's Annual Report,  1936-37",
Paront-Teachor Magazine,  Vancouver,  June, 1937*
Dr. M. Y. Williams:
"General Geology and Petroleum Resources of
Manitoulin and Adjacent Islands, Ontario",
Preliminary Report, 2 maps, 57 pages, Geol.
Survey of Canada, Paper 37-25, 1937.
Dr. C. 0, Swanson:
"Hydrothernal Leaching of Iron Ores",
Economic Geology, Vol. 32, pp. 855-7, 1937.
Dr. H, V. Warren:
"Mineralogy of some Abco High Grade Samples",
B.C.Miner, Vol. 9, Sept. 1936, p. 23.
Dr. H. V. Warren and Mr. J.M.Cummings;
"The Relationship of Gold and the Metallic
Minerals in British Columbia",
Transactions of C.I.M.M., Vol. XL, 1937, P« 1»
"Textural Relationships in B.C.Gold Ores",
Technical Publication No. 77, A.I.M.M.E.,
March, 1937.
"Mining Potentialities of British Columbia",
B.C.Miner, May, 1937. ol.
Department of Goology and Geography - continued;
Dr. N.  F. G. Davis:
"Tho Barkerville Gold Belt on Island Mountain",
Preliminary Report,  Geological survey of Canada,
Paper 37-15, 1937 •
Dr., W.  N.  Sage :
"Vancouver, the Rise of a Modern City",
Dalhousie Review, April, 1937, PP» 49-54,
"Petor Skene Ogden's Notes on Western Caledonia",
Edited by Dr. W. N. Sage, B.C.Historical Quarterly,
Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 45-56.
Dr. W. N. Sago and Dr. J. C Ifebstar:
"Tho Historical Renaissance In the Maritime Provinces
and in British Columbia",
Canadian Historical Review, Deoember, 1936, pp.413-418.
Mr. F. H. Soward:
Revised edition of'-"Civilization in Europe and the World",
High School Textbook, Morris, Sohapiro, and Soward.
"Canada and Foreign Affairs",
Canadian Historical Review,
Juno, 1937, pp. 178-198.
"Tho Coronation and the International Outlook",
B.CTeacher, June, 1937, pp. 477-480.
"Canada, tho Empire and the League",
Canadian Historical Review,
March, 1937, pp# 82~,8'2s A Review,
"The Twilight of Treaties",
University of Toronto Law Journal,
Lent Term, 1937, p. 198« A Review.
"The World May Gropo Its Way Back to Sanity in 1937w,
Vancouver Daily Province, Magazine Section,
January, 1937. 62.
■'■■■■■ ■■■» — ■ "«■<'■■ im   i» mv !»■—■—■— hi—    i..———.I —■—»«
Mr. L. Richardson:
"A Theorem on Congruent, Coaxial Parabolas",
American Mathematical Monthly, May, 1937»
Mr. VI. H. Gage:
ii    >m.H»i ■■ilium    Ii.i-I ■  «i    n'liMi  ■<
"Theta-l^hi Identities of Degree Throe in
four Variables",
Transactions of the Royal Sooiety of Canada,
Third Series,  Section III,  Vol. XXXI,   1937.
Review of E.T.Boll's "Men of Mathenatios", Vancouver Sun,
April,  1937.
Review of E, F. Northrop's "Zero to Eighty", Vancouver Sun,
July, 1937.
Dr. A*  ff>  B.  Clark:
"Translations of throe plays from the Russian
of• Alexander Pushkin, "The Covetous Knight",
"Mozart and Salieri",  "The Stone Guest".
Published in the Works of Alexander Pushkin,
edited by A. Yarmolinsky,'Random House, New
York, 1936.
"Alexander Sergeyevitch Pushkin",
University of Toronto Quarterly, January, 1937*
Translation from the Russian of Alexander Pushkin's
poem, "The Little House in Kolomna", Slavonic
and East European Review, January, 1937 «
Review of Pushkin:"Homage by Marxiot Critics",
Edited by Irving R. W. Talmadge, New Frontier,
April, 1937.
Review of Kataev's "Peace is where the Tempests
Vancouver Daily Province, May, 1937• 63.
-i—i—-hkiWWHimii. pm——montm* il man    i   Hi   — ■■ I »phw»ip»iiiiihihi.p. ■■,■.■ ■» P' i»-.,-....^
Dr. J,, E. Marsh;
"Motor Performance of the Deaf",
Comparative Psychology Monographs,
Vol. 13, No. 6, November, 1936.
"A Comparative Study of Beaf and Hearing Students",
American Annals of the Deaf, Vol. 82, No. 3, May, 1937,
pp. 223-233.
Dr. C. McLean Fraser:
"Hydroids of the Pacific Coast of Canada and the
United States",
University of Toronto Press, 207 pages of text,
44 plates. July, 1937♦
"Hydroid Distribution in the Vicinity of the
Queen Charlotte Islands",
The Canadian Field-Naturalist, Vol. 1, No. 7,
pp» 122*126.  October, 1936.
"Some Japanese Hydroids, Mostly New",
II.Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada,
(3), ZXK, Section V, pp. 49-54. November, 1936.
"Oceanography: Marine Zoology", Scientific Monthly,
January, 1937, Vol, XLIV, pp. 62-66.
"Oceanography in British Columbia",
Report for 1935. Report of the Committee on_
Submarine Configuration and Oceanic Circulation.
Transactions of-the American Geophysical Union.
Seventeenth Annual Meeting. National Research
Council, Pt. I, pp. 230-232. September, 1936.
"Report of the Assooiate Committee on Oceanography
of the National Research Council, in Annual
Report of the National Research Council for
1935-36, pp. 106-107, July, 1937.
Mr. G. J, Spencer;
"Tho Termite situation in British Columbia in 193§",
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British
Columbia,  No.   33,  January,  1937* 64.
Department of Zoology - continued:
"The Menace of Rat Parasites in Vancouver in 1936",
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British
Columbia, No. 33, January, 1937.
"Insects of the Season, Kamloops District, 1937",
Canadian Insect Pest Review, Entomological Branch,
Ottawa, June, 1937.
"Summary of Grasshopper Conditions, 1937",
Canadian Insect Pest Review, Entomological Branch,
Ottawa, July, 1937.
"Parasites and Predators of Grasshoppers, 1937",
Canadian Insect Pest Review, Entomological Branch,
Ottawa, August, 1937.
(a) "Rearing of Thysenura"
(b) "Rearing of Collenbola"
Published in Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals.
(A Compendium by a Committee of the A.A.A.S.)
Comstock Publishing Co., Ithaca, N.Y., 1937*
Dr.. H, J . MacLeod:
"The Relation of the Universities to Industry",
Proceedings, Western Section of the Canadian
Electrical Association, 1937.
Mr. J. M. Turnbull:
"Careers for Boys - Mining Engineering",
Western Students' Review, Vancouver, B. C
September, 1936, Vol. 1, No, 1.


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