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The President's Report 1952-53 1954

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Array The President's Report 1952-53
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA THE
President's
Report
1952-53
THE   UNIVERSITY
OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
VANCOUVER,   CANADA,   1954 To The Board of Governors and Senate of
The University of British Columbia
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In submitting this annual report on the work of the
University for the academic year 1952-3, I should like to
stress that its purpose is primarily to highlight some of the
accomplishments—and unresolved problems—of the year
under review, and not to present a comprehensive survey of
the year's activities. The longer reports of the departments,
schools, and faculties are kept on file for reference and
archive purposes. I personally regret that in presenting a
brief summary of the major matters under review, much
that is of absorbing interest to those of us intimately associated with the University has to be omitted. In an effort to
compensate for the omission of individual acknowledgments
in the text of the report, I would like to take this opportunity
of expressing my gratitude to the faculty, the student body,
and the administrative staff for their devotion to the essential
purposes of the University. The University is most fortunate
in the traditions of those who attend it and those who
serve it.
In acknowledging also the voluntary zuork and counsel
of members of the Board of Governors and the Senate, I
should like to pay tribute to the memory of a member of
the Senate, Richard Claxton Palmer, whose death was a
great shock to the University community, but whose life
illustrated both a love of learning and a desire and capacity
to serve it well.
kj  fr-\*li£i/it <\\p.$   V Ei^ii? President's  Report
For September, 1952 to August, 1953
The year under review has seen a continuation of the
very widespread discussion which has been taking place
about the purposes and curricula of educational institutions,
at every level from the nursery school to the research institute. Within this university there has been a continuing
examination and review of the University's particular functions—both those that seem to pertain to all universities at
all times—and those which arise out of our particular circumstances, and the times we live in.
There are those who take the view that the primary
purposes of a University is to discover new knowledge.
Those who do so very naturally stress the research function.
There are also those who feel that the University must first
of all be concerned with the preservation and perpetuation
of the cultural inheritance of the past. These tend to stress
the teaching function. There are still others who point out
that the first universities were in large measure professional
training schools and that a primary purpose of all universities will always be that of supplying the more complicated
kinds of technical and professional skill which society needs.
These tend to stress the practical aspects of learning. It
should perhaps be pointed out here that there will always
be room for argument about what degree of complexity in
technical skill justifies university training and what does
not. In recent years those who are traditionally inclined
have been shocked by some of the technical skills which have
had university doors opened to them. Discussion will continue about whether a specific technology requires sufficient
1 academic discipline to be included in a university curriculum and it is one of the university's functions to argue such
points. On the other hand universities cannot and should
not merely resist change, nor merely insist that because
technological subjects lacked academic content in the 18th
or 19th century they must still lack it in the 20th century.
They must, however, assure themselves that public money
and students' time is not being wasted by including in a
university curriculum what could be better and more usefully learnt "on the job".
The three functions of a university to which I have
already referred, the accumulation of new knowledge, the
perpetuation of our cultural inheritance, and professional
training, are all thoroughly accepted by both the university
and the supporting public, though there will be continuing
arguments about the relative emphasis which should be
given to each. In my own opinion they are all absolute needs
and no very good purpose is served by attempting to give
them priorities in theory; though the amount of time,
energy, and money that can be devoted to each, in individual
institutions, at any given time, will depend in large measure
on how much the supporting public values each of these
activities and how much active support it is willing to give
to each.
University Extension
There is, however, another primary function of universities in our kind of society, another absolute need,—even
less understood—to which I would like to pay particular
attention at this time. I refer to University Extension;—
community services in adult education.
This work was not considered a responsibility of universities until recent years and there are still many who
have reservations about the extent of the university's present
2 involvement. Some worry about whether we are spreading
our energies too thinly and some worry about the worth-
whileness of the effort.
To me the issue is perfectly clear. If we are to have and
maintain a society in which every adult citizen is called upon
to have opinions and vote on matters not only of local—
but of national and international—importance, and if we
are to continue to live in a world that is inter-related so
intimately as to regulate the standard at which we can live
—and indeed whether we can continue to live at all,—some
agencies must exist or be created to try to develop and obtain
as great an understanding of the problems and nature of
citizenship—in its broadest sense—as is possible. Also if we
are to continue to live in a complex technological world
that is changing and developing rapidly, we must have
agencies to help keep the adult population informed about
the changing world and the implications of those changes
both for their lives and livelihood.
And finally, if we are to enjoy the real benefits of technological development, we must help multiply the opportunities for self development and individual satisfaction in
the leisure time technology has made possible.
For all three reasons, certain of the older British Universities around the turn of the century embarked on adult
education programmes under the name of University Extension. From somewhat simple beginnings important developments have emerged, in continuing vocational education, in citizenship education, and in cultural education,
using almost all the media of mass communication.
Now there is no reason why we should follow the
British tradition in this matter. The German Universities
have never considered extension activities as integral a part
of their operation as have the British, and on this continent
3 it is the German and the British ideals of education that are
most in conflict. In any case, important as both these traditions have been in their own social context, both of them
require re-evaluation in the light of North American needs
and circumstances.
The fact remains however that we have inherited
British tradition in matters of government and we devote a
lot of our time and energy to trying to govern ourselves.
The British tradition in this respect is now our own tradition and if we are to make a success of operating a democratic
society, there must be available to the adult population the
means and facilities for continuing study of citizenship
problems. This is not something that can safely be left to
the press alone, or to radio, TV, or the other normal media
of communication. Their job is not primarily educational—
though they are important in the educational process.
There is in our country no institution other than the University with so many of the attributes or so many of the
qualified persons to carry out this work. The public has
come to expect the Universities to do it and we have only the
choice of doing it—and doing it increasingly well—or of
neglecting it—to the jeopardy of both our selfgoverning
institutions and our public support. Similarly with our adult
cultural educational programmes.
The demand for continuing adult vocational educational programmes raises some different but related questions. These were begun largely for the purpose of bringing
to rural areas the fruits of university research, in producing,
processing and distributing food. These programmes proved
to be so successful that in very recent years teachers, business men, fishermen, trades unionists and many other groups
have been knocking at the university's doors asking that
provision be made for them too, to have available to them
under university auspices night courses, correspondence
4 courses, short courses, .and conferences, designed to keep
them abreast of contemporary technical developments in
their own fields. The fact is that we have developed no
other agencies to do this work and the fact equally is that
the universities possess most of the persons best qualified
to do it.
In short, in my opinion, there is no way that the universities can avoid trying to meet this new demand, even if
they wanted to. The community services rendered by the
Department of University Extension are not only here to
stay but are likely to increase markedly. Up to the present
time we have been taking on one job after another on the
assumption that each addition does not cost much and that
some member of the faculty can be found who will willingly
undertake the additional work over and above his regular
duties.
The limits arising out of these two assumptions have in
some cases been reached. If we are to continue to provide
continuing adult education of the three kinds I have been
outlining, we will very soon have to organize ourselves for
it on a more formal and more durable basis. We may have to
inaugurate a full fledged night class division of the University; we will have to recruit more members of faculty per
department in order to meet our intra-mural and extramural obligations; and we will have to think through once
more the relationships between the traditional academic
pursuits of the University and the growing number of
community services which our kind of society increasingly
requires.
I have chosen to write on this subject at this time
because in the year under review, Dr. Gordon Shrum has
given over the direction of our Extension Department to
Dr. John Friesen, who came to us from Winnipeg to direct
this work. Dr. Shrum took over the responsibility for the development of our Extension Department in 1937, at which time
the staff consisted of three members. During the sixteen
years which have intervened, the fields of activity of the
Department have increased from two to fourteen and the
staff has grown to its present number of 32 supervisors, administrators, specialists and clerical staff. This is both a
reflection of the increased interest in adult education
throughout the province and of Dr. Shrum's distinguished
and effective leadership.
Dr. Shrum has himself on many occasions paid tribute
to those who preceded him and especially to Mr. Robert
England, who established the service. I would also like to
say "thank you" to all of them, but particularly at this time
to Dr. Shrum, both on behalf of the University and on
behalf of the province, for a most important job well done.
When he accepted the position of Director of the B.C. Research Council, in addition to his headship of the Department of Physics, Dr. Shrum felt it would be necessary to be
relieved of his responsibility for the developing Extension
work, as soon as we were able to find someone to succeed
him. We are extremely fortunate in finding in Dr. Friesen
a man with the training, vision and zeal necessary for this
demanding branch of the University's work.
During the past year the demands made on our Agriculture, Home Economics, Parent Education, Art, Handicraft and Theatre Services have increased and are now at
the limit of what we can supply without major additions to
personnel.
The Library and Film Services continue to meet the
needs of increasing numbers of borrowers. During the past
year the Film Service brought to completion the first directory of film sources for the Canadian Universities Film
Council. Special features of the Extension Department activities
include the programme for B.C. fishermen, the annual
Dominion Provincial Youth Training School, the Correspondence Courses for Academic Credit, and the Summer
School programme in the Arts and Crafts. I should like to
refer briefly to two of these. The Dominion Provincial
Youth Training programme is an excellent illustration of
all three of the main purposes of our Extension programme.
Financed by Dominion and Provincial funds, it brings together for the months of January and February from 50 - 70
young people from the interior of the province to undertake a programme of study that is partly vocational, partly
cultural, and partly training for citizenship. They are for
the most part young men and women who are not planning
to proceed with higher education, but who will be looked
to for community leadership in their areas. They live in
men's and women's residences in our youth training camp.
They undertake very intensive short courses and they
develop a remarkable appreciation of the purposes for which
they are there. There can be no doubt of the stimulation
they receive, nor of the lasting benefits to the communities
from which they come. The Extension Department deserves
great credit for the continuing success of this important
adult education venture.
The second special feature to which I would like to
refer is the Extension Department's summer programme,
which is held at the same time as the "academic" Summer
Session. In recent years there have been increasing and persistent demands for more non-credit cultural courses, in arts
and crafts, in theatre and music, in radio and TV, in community organization and inter-cultural relationships.
As a consequence of this, there has been developing a
modified  arts   festival   in  connection  with   the  Summer Session, a kind of development for which our campus and
our summer climate are admirably suited, and a kind of
development which has contributed much both to the
academic Summer Session and to the developments of the
arts in Vancouver. I fully expect to see this aspect of our
Extension work develop still further.
In addition to the wide variety of activities indicated
above, I should also report on the much increased demand
for night courses by business and professional groups. Not
all of these have come under Extension Department direction. Many are carried on by individual schools and departments with such assistance in providing means and facilities
as the Extension Department can manage. The total volume,
however, suggests that it will not be long before we must
make more permanent and adequate administrative arrangements for all night class activities.
It will I think be seen from even this abbreviated
account that under Dr. Shrum's direction, the Extension
Department has branched out and is rendering important
educational service to every area of the province, almost
every section of the community, and at almost every level
of adult education, from the casual lecture to the tightly knit
credit course. To continue and further develop this work
we will need additional trained people and an increase in
our budget.
In turning from the work of the Department of Extension, I should like to report, first, on the activities of the
various faculties during the past year. Within the faculties
is to be found the traditional work of the university—the
teaching and the research that go on from year to year, often
without much dramatic change or alteration. My comments
will be consequently limited to certain significant advances
or events that occurred within the period under review.
8 Graduate Studies
The Faculty of Graduate Studies exists for the purpose
of providing opportunities for advanced study and for
training in the processes of research. There is no separate
teaching staff in this faculty. The teaching and guidance of
the post graduate students is done by the members of the
existing faculties, schools and departments. Our post graduate programme has consequently been developed in those
fields in which this university has some natural advantages
and special interests, and in which we have adequate staff,
laboratory facilities and library resources. We do not contemplate giving up our responsibility for our undergraduate
programme even to develop an educational service much
needed in Canada today. It says much for the diligence,
qualifications, and enthusiasm of the faculty that we have
been able to offer as many courses as we have leading to
the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees. The Ph.D. degree is now being
offered by the Faculty of Forestry; by the Departments of
Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Biology, Zoology, Mathematics, Agronomy and Dairying, Biochemistry, Metallurgy,
Physiology and in certain fields of Canadian History, Economics, and Anthropology. In addition, courses leading to
the degree of Master of Commerce were arranged during
the year under review, a number of other new programmes
at the master's level were added and the diploma course in
Community and Regional Planning became a master's
degree course. A beginning was also made towards a diploma
course in Criminology, designed for the training of personnel for correctional institutions.
All these developments are of great importance to the
productivity and the human efficiency of the province and
the country. To build a great graduate institution takes time,
money, and above all scholars of pre-eminent quality. We
9 have made a good start and there is no disposition to make
haste to the detriment of sound scholarship.
Arts and Science
The Faculty of Arts and Science consists of the Liberal
Arts core of the University, together with the professional
schools of Social Work, Education, Physical Education,
Commerce, and Home Economics. It also provides the pre-
professional education for all the remaining faculties and
schools. During the year under revieAv there was a good
deal of attention given to improving the competence of
foreign and new Canadian students in the use of the English language. This work was undertaken by the Departments of English and Psychology in co-operation with the
Department of Student Services. It is still too early to be dogmatic about the ultimate outcome, but a difficult situation
has been taken in hand with some encouraging results.
It is perhaps worth noting that the University has continued to extend and strengthen its offerings in the social
sciences and humanities, although I regret to report that
we have not made the progress I had hoped for in the fields
of the fine arts and Asian studies. Certain courses in the fine
arts have been added, but there is an urgent need for still
further development.
In the field of Asian Studies, I am happy to report a
gift of $5,000 from the Vancouver Chinese-Canadian community, given for the purpose of adding to our Library
holdings against the day when we are able to develop a more
extensive programme in this field. That day has moved
appreciably closer and I hope to be able to report more fully
on this project in the near future.
In commenting on new projects and developments I
am not forgetful of the impressive record of current achievement which is contained in the reports of the departments
10 and schools which constitute this faculty. The members of
the faculty have been particularly concerned about the
classes with large enrollment, those with small enrollment,
and with the problem of bridging the gap between high
school and the first year in the university. There seems to
be general agreement that, in view of the large and increasing numbers of freshmen entering the university annually,
we must devise better methods of helping each of them
find his or her own niche as rapidly as may be, by ensuring
that they become known as persons to those who are teaching them and do not remain just so many faces in a lecture
theatre. The real danger to education in large Universities
lies in the possibility that students may never come to know
the people who lecture to them as people, may never have
the opportunity to sharpen their minds on those of their
professors by personal conversation. This is a danger that
should at all costs be avoided and the faculty of Arts and
Sciences is particularly concerned about ways and means of
improving the present situation in the first two years. After
the first two years the situation seems to be pretty well taken
care of by the departments, schools and faculties in which
the student is doing his major work, but the first two years
still remain a real problem.
This year saw the retirement of six of the most valued
senior members of the Faculty; Professor Larsen of the
Department of English, Professor Logan, Head of the
Department of Classics, Professor Clemens, Head of the
Department of Zoology, Professor Sage, Head of the Department of History, Professor Drummond of the Department of Economics, Political Science and Sociology, and
Professor Spencer of the Department of Zoology. To all of
them the thanks of the University has been extended for
long and valued service. We wish them every happiness in
their years of retirement.
11 Professor Logan is succeeded by Professor Malcolm
McGregor, one of our own graduates who comes back to us
after years of important service at the University of Cincinnati, Professor Clemens by Professor Ian McTaggart
Cowan, and Professor Sage by Professor Soward.
Applied Science
This year also saw the retirement of Dean MacLeod,
who as Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering
and more recently as Dean of the Faculty, has provided distinguished educational leadership to his own and allied
professions, both in British Columbia and throughout Canada. The University is particularly grateful for his professional and for his personal contributions. We are very fortunate to have as his successor Professor Henry Gunning,
Head of the Department of Geology and Geography. Professor Frank Noakes succeeds Dean MacLeod as Head of the
Department of Electrical Engineering.
The demand for engineers of all kinds has given rise
to a good deal of discussion relating to problems of recruitment, admission, curriculum, post graduate study and research in this field of activity. The current demands made
upon the staff for teaching, administration, and consultation
have meant here as elsewhere a more limited emphasis
on research and post graduate study than we would like
to give. Means of remedying this situation are currently
under review by the faculty and some of the first results
have been the obtaining of research grants from government and industry and the recommendation, already reported, for the establishment of courses leading to the
doctoral degree in metallurgy and for a master's degree in
Community and Regional Planning. We can look forward as
time and finances permit to further developments of this
12 kind in the other branches of engineering and in the other
schools of this faculty.
Faculty of Medicine
The year 1952-53 marked the third year of the Faculty
of Medicine, and the organizational period has now been
about completed. High academic standards have been
maintained and the students who have been accepted by the
Faculty since its inception have been of fine calibre. This
has been due, in part, to the careful selection policy laid
down by the Faculty and, in part, to the fact that large
numbers of students have been applying each year for the
sixty available places.
The physical plant of the Faculty is as complete as
the temporary accommodation warrants. The great need
now is for the construction of the medical building at the
Vancouver General Hospital, and the permanent Medical
Sciences building on the University campus which were
promised when the university agreed to organize a Faculty
of Medicine. The clinical departments are hard pressed to
conduct the teaching for the third and fourth years under
present arrangements, and it is to be hoped that we can
proceed with the plans that have been prepared at an early
date.
By the end of the year more than two hundred
"academic" appointments had been made in the Faculty,
of which twenty-five are full-time, and the remainder part-
time and honorary. We have been extremely fortunate in
finding highly qualified medical specialists who have been
willing to give of their time and experience as honorary
members of faculty to provide adequate—and more than
adequate—clinical training. We are much indebted to them.
Though the- Faculty is, as I have indicated, still in its
infancy, it is already receiving fairly large sums of money
13 for research purposes. These sums, which totalled over
$11(5,000 for the year, come chiefly from national research
and health groups (for example, the National Research
Council, the Defence Research Board, the National Cancer
Society, Multiple Sclerosis, etc.), and from the Federal
Government.
Faculty of Law
The most dramatic and colourful incident for the
Faculty of Law during the year was the official opening of
the new Law Building on 4th September, 1952, by the Prime
Minister of Canada, the Rt. Hon. Louis St. Laurent, in the
presence of distinguished visiting jurists from Great Britain,
France, and the United States, and members of the Canadian
Bar Association gathered for their annual meeting. The
opening of the building was followed by a special congregation, described in another section of this report.
The Faculty was able during the year to develop a
programme aimed at strengthening associations between
student-lawyers and members of the profession. Student
committees of the Law Undergraduate- Society affiliated
with corresponding groups of the B.C. Section of the Canadian Bar Association, and as a result of the success of this
experiment, made for the first time at this University, the
Canadian Bar Association is now accepting students as associate members.
During the year, the Faculty was also able to provide
a series of lectures in Victoria for practising lawyers. This is
the first time in the history of the Province that "refresher"
courses of this kind have been made available to members of
the profession.
Faculty of Agriculture
Like the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Agriculture
had the pleasure of opening a new building during the year.
This was the Horticulture Building, opened on 23rd May,
14 1953, by Mr. W. H. Robertson, the Deputy Minister of
Agriculture, in the presence of a large gathering of interested people. This building, which was a much needed one,
also serves as the "Headhouse" or Service Building for the
greenhouses.
The Faculty continued to serve the Province as a service
and consulting organization. Through the influence of its
graduates, through the research of faculty members, through
special short courses and conferences, it made contributions
to all aspects of agriculture—from the breeding of poultry to
the development of an improved strain of the now internationally known rhizoma alfalfa. Typical of these contributions were the highly successful Poultry Science Association
Conference, held on the campus and attended by 700 delegates from forty American states and six Canadian provinces; the Vegetable Trials, continued for the seventeenth
consecutive season in co-operation with the Canada Department of Agriculture and the Canadian Seed Growers'
Association; and the Flower Trials, continued for the eighth
consecutive season in co-operation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture and several seed firms.
In the Department of Dairying the most significant
undertaking was the institution of the M.Sc. degree in Agricultural Microbiology and the beginning of work towards
a Ph.D. degree in the same field. This undertaking was carried out in co-operation with the Department of Agronomy.
This year saw the retirement of Professor Lloyd, Head
of the Department of Poultry Husbandry, and Professor
Barss, Head of the Department of Horticulture. To both
these men the University owes a great debt of gratitude for
many years of able and devoted service. We wish them all
happiness. Professor Jacob Biely has succeeded Professor
Lloyd as Head of Poultry Husbandry, and Dr. Barss is
15 returning for an additional year directing our work in
Horticulture.
Faculty of Forestry
At the end of the year Dean Lowell Besley of the
Faculty of Forestry resigned from the University teaching
staff to take a position in the United States, his native country. The University is most grateful to Dean Besley for the
energy and initiative which he showed in promoting the
interests of the Faculty. We wish him well in his new position. We were fortunate in finding a worthy successor among
the members of our own staff in the person of Professor
George Allen, who took up his new work at the beginning
of the academic year 1953-54.
The Faculty continued to develop its teaching and
research programmes, much of the latter financed by private
industry, and completed a plan for the management of the
University Research Forest near Haney, following several
years of survey and inventory.
Through the generosity of Dr. H. R. MacMillan, two
more forestry lectures were given by visiting authorities, the
first by H. G. Champion, Professor of Forestry at Oxford
University, on "Co-operation between State and Non-State
Organizations in the Promotion of Forestry," and the second
by Dr. Miles Gibson, Dean of the Faculty of Forestry at the
University of New Brunswick, on "The History of Forest
Management in New Brunswick."
Faculty of Pharmacy
The work of the Faculty of Pharmacy continued without marked change in its teaching programme. The Faculty,
however, was able to extend its range of co-operation with
the profession throughout the Province. In collaboration
with the Council of the B.C. Pharmaceutical Association
district meetings were conducted through the Okanagan
16 and Kootenay districts and in other districts as far north as
Fort St. John. Three members of the Faculty—V. Chivers-
Wilson, G. A. Groves, and Dean A. W. Matthews—assisted in
presenting refresher lectures at the annual Summer School
of the B.C. Pharmaceutical Association in June.
Research
I have referred earlier to the four primary functions of
the University; the perpetuation of our cultural heritage;
the provision of professional training; the provision of adult
educational community services; and the accumulation of
new knowledge. In the reports on the faculties I have noted
that the pressure of teaching and administrative duties is
interfering with an expanded programme of research. I
hope I have made it clear that this is not what faculty members wish. They are doing their best to maintain high
standards of activity and quality, and to carry out all the
duties that devolve upon them for which we have as yet
inadequate funds and facilities. This is not to say that we
are not grateful for the support which the people of the
province, the legislature and the governments of British
Columbia have provided. We are extremely grateful. The
point I wish to make at this time is simply that the need for
money for teaching can be stated quite clearly. The need for
money and building space for research is more difficult to
state or see, because University research involves an act of
faith and a belief that new knowledge is good for its own
sake. Its value is not as evident as the value of a good road
where no road has been before. It may be that few people
even appreciate the significance of what is being attempted
at the outset of a research project—and many projects will
prove abortive. And yet there are few, if any, "investments"
more important to us and to those who come after us than
supporting fully and generously the search for new know-
17 ledge. This search requires free time—time that is not
easily found by faculty members who have heavy University
duties, and inadequate personal incomes. These conditions
do not lend themselves to the unhurried and unharried pursuit of new knowledge. Despite these problems, there is a
slowly increasing amount of money available for research
and a strong desire on the part of the staff to undertake
research, with the result that the University's research programme is both interesting and impressive. During the year
under review more than $500,000.00 was spent on research,
most of this in the sciences; physical, medical and biological.
Research in the social sciences and humanities was not
neglected for much can be done by private study in a library
but more money is required to carry out research programmes in the humanities and social sciences. There are
many fundamental problems in the fields of human and
social relations; in communications; in labour management
relations—to mention only a few obvious areas—which badly
need the attention of trained humanists and social scientists
and for which very little financial support is forthcoming.
The range of studies currently being carried on is however encouraging and the record of those studies in the
annual "Publication of the Faculty and Staff" steadily increases this university's reputation for scholarship and
research.
Congregations and Special Events
As usual, two regular congregations were held during
the year—the Autumn congregation on 30th October, 1952,
and the Spring Congregation, held on two successive days,
19th and 20th May, 1953.
At the Autumn Congregation 313 students were awarded degrees in course, and three noted historians—Denis
William Brogan of Cambridge, England; George William
Brown of the University of Toronto; and Arthur Reginald
18 Lower of Queen's University, Kingston—were awarded the
degree of Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa. Dr. Brogan delivered the Congregation address.
On the first day of the Spring Congregation honorary
degrees of Doctor of Law were conferred on William John
Rose, noted Slavonic scholar who, since his retirement from
the University of London, has been teaching at this University; and on Leolyn Dana Wilgress, Under Secretary of State
for External Affairs. On this day Mr. Wilgress delivered the
Congregation address.
On the second day the recipients of honorary degrees
were Frank Ebenezer Buck, teacher and horticulturist who,
over many years, has done much to beautify the University
grounds; and Alfred Rive, an alumnus of the University
and Canadian High Commissioner in New Zealand. Dr.
Rive delivered the address.
In the two days 873 students received degrees in course.
Two special congregations were also held during the
year. The first followed the official opening of the Law
Building on 4th September, 1952, and honorary degrees
were conferred upon the Rt. Hon. Louis St. Laurent, Prime
Minister of Canada; Sir John Morris, Lord Justice of Appeal
of Great Britain; Howard Barkdull, President of the American Bar Association; Georges Chresteil, Batonnier of the
French Bar; John Arthur Clark, President of the Canadian
Bar Association; Wendell Burpee Farris, Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court of British Columbia; Gordon McGregor
Sloan, Chief Justice of British Columbia; and Reginald
Hibbert Tupper, Treasurer of the British Columbia Bar
Association. Sir John Morris delivered the Congregation
address on this notable occasion.
The second special Congregation was held on 9th
October to observe the formal opening of the B.C. Cancer
Institute. At that time the honorary degree of Doctor of
19 Science Honoris Causa was conferred on Sir Stanford Cade,
Senior Surgeon of Westminster Hospital, London, England,
and on Professor Brian Wellington Windeyer, Director of
the Meyerstein Institute of Radiotherapy, the Middlesex
Hospital, London. The address was delivered by Sir Stanford Cade.
Enrolment
The University attendance during the year amounted
to 5355 students enroled during the winter session. Of
these, 4085 were men and 1270 women. This was a drop of
less than 200 from the previous year and probably indicates
the lowest number of students we will have from now on.
We can be certain that within the next ten years the enrolment will increase considerably year by year and it is
inevitable that we will be called upon to face increasing and
urgent demands for additional accommodation, both in our
classrooms and laboratories and in our student residences.
These demands for additional construction will come at a
time when we are already facing increasing pressures for
replacement of many of our temporary and semi-permanent
buildings which have almost outlived their usefulness.
Recent estimates of future enrolment, based on school
population studies, indicate that we may expect at least 7000
undergraduate students by the year 1960 and 10,000 in a
decade. We cannot ignore the critical situation which will
develop if we are unable to plan ahead for these young
people and if we are unable to supply them with the essential facilities they need if they are to benefit from higher education. In large measure this is a financial problem and
considerable sums for capital development must be made
available to the University in the very near future.
During the year only 152 veterans attended the University on allowances, although some 200 more veterans not in
receipt of allowances were attending classes.
20 Summer Session
The 34th Summer Session of the University opened on
6th July and closed on 21st August and it is noteworthy that
after several years of declining enrolment, due to the departure of many of the veteran students of the immediate post
war years, the registration of the Summer Session once more
increased from 971 in the previous year to 1045. Ninety-one
percent of the Summer Session students were residents of
British Columbia. Every other part of Canada, however, was
represented on the student body, including students from
Newfoundland and from the Yukon Territory. It is interesting, too, to note that students from Ethiopia, Spain, Hong
Kong, British West Indies, Argentine and Chile were enroled in Summer Session classes and that more than half of
the total enrolment was made up of teachers taking advanced
courses.
The outstanding feature of the Summer Session was the
Conference on Education held on 6th, 7th and 8th August.
The idea for this conference was originally that of Mr.
Kenneth Caple of the University Board of Governors and
the conference was directed by Dr. J. Ranton Macintosh,
Director of the School of Education and Director of the
Summer Session. Based on the theme of "Conflicting
Theories of Education" the conference panels and discussion groups were led by four distinguished educators:
Jacques Barzun, Professor of History at Columbia University; Kenneth D. Benne, Director of Human Relations
Centre of Boston University, P. Raymond McConnell,
Chancellor of the University of Buffalo, and Dr. Ira Dilworth of the C.B.C., Toronto.
Attendance1 at this conference far exceeded expectations
and actual registrations totalled more than 700. At the
general session held in the Auditorium on the morning of
Friday, 7th August, more than 1000 attended.
21 The Summer Session offered 50 three unit courses and
19 courses of one and a half units or less. These courses were
given by a total of 65 instructors, of whom 24 were visitors.
Of these visiting instructors two were from Europe, thirteen
from the United States and nine from other parts of Canada.
University Library
The University Library made the largest additions to
its collections in the thirty-eighth year of its history. Acquisitions totalled 18,100 as against 15,216 during the year 1951-
52 and these new acquisitions were almost equally divided
between books and periodicals. They have varied enormously in kind, one of the outstanding collections received
being that pertaining to Mary, Queen of Scots presented by
Dr. G. B. Salmond of Surbiton, England, in memory of his
wife, Mrs. Marie Salmond. This collection consists of 200
volumes running from the 16th to the 20th centuries. Dr.
H. R. MacMillan continued his gifts. In addition to his
contributions to the Forestry Library Fund he presented
to the library an almost complete set of the two series of
Hakluyt Society Publications (1847-1951); 231 volumes of
the long series of Scottish documents issued by the Banna-
tyne and Maitland Clubs (1823-1867); a complete file of
the Alpine Journal (1863-1950); and volumes relating to
early explorations in Fisheries.
In addition the Library received foundation grants
from the Carnegie Corporation for Anthropology and
French Canadiana, and from the Rockefeller Foundation
for Slavic Studies; a grant from Mr. Walter C. Koerner
honoring Dr. William J. Rose in Slavic Studies, and Koerner
Funds for Law and other fields. An outstanding contribution was a gift of $5,000 from the Chinese community in
Vancouver for Asian Studies.
22 It is pertinent at this point to mention that the Library
maintains an Extension Division that serves the reading
interests of persons engaged in University Extension programmes and, within the limits of its resources, the Library
needs of the Province. In serving this latter field the University Library supplements local, regional and provincial
agencies and is co-ordinated with the Inter-Library Loan
and Extra-mural Services of the main University Library.
The Extension Division draws upon the resources of the
main Library as well as upon its own segregated collections
of about 3500 volumes and 8000 copies of plays. During the
year 706 general readers and 206 dramatic groups were
served by this division. These services involve the loan of
more than 30,000 volumes—29% of which were volumes of
plays and 12.5% of which came from the main Library collections. It is gratifying to note that during the year there
was a large increase in the proportion of rural borrowers to
urban. This is partly because of the emphasis now being
placed on the use of local resources. The Extension division
also offers a loan and reader's advisory service which ranges
from fulfilling orders for specific books to providing tailor-
made reading programmes for personal study and research.
The staff's knowledge of their collections and clientele, and
their concern for the interests and problems of their correspondents would be difficult to match or to replace.
I should like, also, to report that a branch of the Bio-
Medical Library was opened at the Vancouver General Hospital in October. This branch is an integral part of the University Library system which provides service to the clinical
departments of the Faculty of Medicine and to the B.C.
Medical Centre. This branch is jointly financed by the
University and groups associated in the medical centre and
it is administered with the advice of a President's Committee
representing all the contributing bodies. It has absorbed
23 both the collection and the service loan of the former
Medical Centre library. In order to develop the collections
and to provide access to information and to promote use of
the collections among a wide and varied clientele the library
has developed a twice-daily delivery service between the
campus and the branch facilities. This facilitates the flow of
materials and reduces the tendency towards isolation and
duplication. Library staff serve regularly both in the main
library and in the branch.
I should like, also, to mention an additional example of
the close relationship between the University and the business community. In September the library of the Institute of
Chartered Accountants of British Columbia was formally
transferred to the University Library. This move was made
as a step toward co-ordinating the training of articled students with the programme of the University School of Commerce. Members of the Institute of Chartered Accountants
and students are eligible to use the wide range of material
available in this collection.
Of special interest are the acquisitions made by the
Library during the year in the field of French Canadian
studies. Under the guidance of Dr. Gilbert H. Tucker, Professor of Canadian History, government publications, books,
newspapers, maps and other pertinent materials are being
brought steadily into the Library collections with special
attention being directed to the Post-Confederation era. The
Library is also obtaining the basic historical and fundamental works relating to the whole period of French Canadian history. The University feels that this programme is
both of inter-cultural and research significance and that it
strengthens at its weakest point the Library's existing resources in Canadian history, and supplements the invaluable
Howay-Reid Collection.
24 Personnel and Student Services
The Department of Personnel and Student Services
continued its active programme of student counselling
during the year, and enlarged its testing programme. For
the first time, all first year students were given special educational and evaluational tests, with the option of receiving
counselling later on the basis of the test results. In all, 1181
first year students were given tests and 321 of these later
reported for counselling. The Department also undertook
to advise and assist first year students who failed in their
Christmas examinations. In January and February over two
hundred and forty of these reported for guidance and advice.
The Department also interviewed and advised over a hundred students from upper years during the year. Personally
I feel that this type of counselling has become an essential
service in the university community. At best we live in a
complex and an uneasy world; the period of adjustment
between high school and university is seldom an easy one,
and many of our students require advice based upon the
best principles that are available to us. I am glad that the
University is equipped to give it.
The Department has also maintained its impressive
record of student placement in employment. Not only did
it place nearly three hundred graduating students in permanent positions; it also found summer employment for
over eleven hundred students; helped another five hundred
obtain employment during the Christmas holidays; and
helped over four hundred more in self-help programmes
and in getting part-time and casual jobs.
Prizes, Scholarships, Bursaries and Loans
The annual report, submitted by Dean Gage on behalf
of the Joint Faculty Committee on Prizes, Scholarships,
Bursaries and  Loans,  is always both heartwarming and
25 disturbing; heartwarming because it reflects the immense
effort that goes into helping students and because it also
reflects the increasing support which this important work
is receiving; disturbing because back of the figures which
follow are clear indications of a great need which is not
by any means adequately met. Too many students are
trying to get by on too little and their educational development is suffering from it. Too many of the best qualified
high school students are unable to come to university and
our national life will suffer from that. It is apparent that
the University and the community are both trying to make
it possible for the best qualified of our young people to
carry on with their education, but it is also apparent that we
need a national scholarship programme if we are not to
stint our national development for the lack of the skills it
currently needs.
During the year under review the following sums were
disbursed through this University to help meet student
needs:
Number Amount
Dominion-Provincial Student Aid
Bursaries and Loans
Bursaries $48,339.00
Loans 32,226.00    414_ .$   80,565.00
University Special and Summer Session
Bursaries  . .    234. 28,565.00
Natned Bursaries (announced in the
Calendar)    . . ...   163  21,297.67
Fellowships, Scholarships and Prizes
(announced in Calendar)    389, 77,902.83
Awards made by others, but paid through
the University .     52- 11,345.50
University Loans granted    336... 63,898.70
Totals 1,588_. $283,574.70
26 The Committee points out that, although 1588 awards
were made, some of these were small and two or three are
sometimes given to one person. As a consequence it is estimated that between 1100 and 1200 students received aid, or
about one out of every five.
A number of new awards have been established during
the year. Lists of these are to be found in the Pamphlet
"Gifts, Grants, Bequests," which is distributed at the Spring
and Fall Congregations.
Among the larger gifts made in 1952-53 which should
be mentioned are the bequest of the late Jean Mcintosh
Smith of $10,000.00 to endow the Jean Craig Smith Scholarship, the bequest of the late Louis Lipsey Toohill of $40,-
000.00 to establish the Louis Lipsey Toohill Medical Scholarships, a bequest of $7,000.00 from the late Marion Shaffer
to endow the W. D. Shaffer Memorial Bursary, the gift of
Mrs. H. L. W. Turnbull of over $1,000.00 to the Dr. H. L.
W. Turnbull Memorial Scholarship Fund, the gift of Mr.
Leon Koerner of $2,500.00 to provide an annual scholarship of $500.00 in biology for five years, the receipt of over
$1,500.00 from the estate of the late Anne S. Campbell for
the bursary fund bearing her name, of $500.00 from the
Faculty Women's Club for the Anne Wesbrook Scholarship
Fund, of a second gift of $500.00 from Mr. Walter D. Frith
for the loan fund bearing his name, and of approximately
$1,700.00 from the Annie B. Jamieson Committee to establish a memorial scholarship. These, however, are only examples of the many splendid contributions which have been
received.
The growth in the number of awards available for
students entering the University from high school is gratifying, even though many more are needed. Particularly in the
sciences there has been an increase in graduate awards. But
if we are to encourage the best students to come to the
27 University or to continue their work here, larger awards
must be made available.
While I should be the last to discourage donors from
making gifts designated specifically for the fields of their
own interests, I hope that some at least will be willing to
leave the field of award to the discretion of the Committee.
At present, there are several fields in which distinguished
students can obtain virtually no material assistance to encourage them to continue their studies.
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
Although it is not possible to include here appropriate
mention of all those who have contributed so generously to
the University's well being, I would like to acknowledge the
total of some $720,000 which was received for research,
scholarships, bursaries and loans, for teaching purposes, or
for use at the discretion of the Board of Governors. Within
this total I would like to make special mention of the
Alumni Development Fund which amounted to approximately $20,000, and which represents a much appreciated
increased annual giving on the part of a still relatively young
constituency of Alumni. I should also like to make special
mention of the fact that a much larger number of persons
than ever before have indicated during the year their
intention to make the University a beneficiary under their
wills. It is deeply appreciated that the University is attracting this kind of support and is regarded as worthy of this
kind of trust.
To all our benefactors our very sincere thanks.
28 SUMMARY OF REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES
April 1, 1952 to March 31, 1953
Revenues
Provincial Government Grant
Student Fees
Grants for Teaching and Research
Government of Canada
Miscellaneous
$2,272,116.48
45.52
1.311.863.66
26.28
720,643.05
14.44
561203.10
11.24
125,975.21
2.52
$4,991,801 .50
100.00
Expenditures
Salaries
and Wages
Supplies and
Operating
Expenses
Total
Teaching Cost
(including Library)
12,585,406.23
$  595,608.35
$3,181,014.58
63.72
Research
267,462.22
275,252.37
542,714.59
10.87
Maintenance
397,101.60
373,968.84
771,070.44
15.45
Administration
220,772.46
45,248.06
266,020.52
5.33
Miscellaneous
1,202.21
229,779.16
230,981.37
4.63
$3,471,944.72
fl ,519,856.78
$4,991,801.50
KK).(K)
29 REGISTRATION FOR 1952 - 53
ARTS AHO SCIENCE*
' ■ V* fin'jini:  -mrir-y trf h-Iuttp -a .11 I '     ■ ■ > ' Tro-i p.*
PHYSICAL EDUCATION
: « TRAINING COUfciE
FNG1NEERING
AKCHITFCTUft£
MACY
MEDICINE ithr«e yeo-'.
TOY
SOC TAL   WOftK
GRADUATE STUDIES (SmwI Wot, Bachrl ll jo and mhm
(jfOduQIc d*Drrn. incliiilt.',.!'
lift
'JWO
3000
Arts and Science   .
2489
447
Home Economics ..
157
Physical Education
111
Teacher Training   .
114
Engineer frig 	
667
Architecture    	
78
Nursing 	
101
Agriculture   	
193
Low   	
238
Pharmacy
134
176
Forestry 	
91
Social Work 	
89
Graduate Studies
270
31 ENROLMENT  (WINTER  SESSIONS)  BY  YEARS
1
floog
J|j
\
■III
N
^
Jlllllll
300Q
Mllll
■■■■■■■I
IMP
1936-37
38-39
40-41
42-43
44-45
46-47
48-49
50-51  1952-53
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
1940-41
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44
1944-45
1945-46
1946-47
1947-48
1948-49
1949-50
1950-51
1951-52
1952-53
2049
2223
2286
2371
2487
2537
2538
2430
2974
6632
8741
9374
8810
7572
6432
5548
5355
32 PREDICTED ENROLMENT 1954-1964
11000
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
1954     55      56      57      58      59      60      61      62      63    1964
1954
5811
1955
6251
1956.
6511
1957.
6893
1958.
.7297
1959
7726
1960.
8180
1961.
8662
1962.
9172
1963
.9711
1964.
10283
33 GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE OF STUDENTS 1952 - 53
CANADA
GREATER VANCOUVER ....... 2957
OTHER PARTS OF B.C  1600
OTHER PARTS OF CANADA 504
FOREIGN
AFRICA  5
ASIA     16
BRITISH ISLES  14
CENTRAL AMERICA, WEST INDIES 22
EUROPE  29
NEW ZEALAND, AUSTRALIA   5
SOUTH AMERICA  9
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  36
UNSPECIFIED     158
TOTAL  5355
34 WHERE DOES THE UNIVERSITY DOLLAR COME FROM?
1948-49
1949-50
1950-51
1951-52
1952-53
17.60c    2.23c 1.95c
12.50c  3.84c  1.92c
7.13c 10.88c  2.67c
45.52c
26.28c     11.24c 14.44c  2.52c
■     PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT GRANT
H      STUDENT FEES
3     GRANTS FOR TEACHING & RESEARCH
I I     GOVERNMENT OF CANADA GRANT
■     MISCELLANEOUS
1948-49
1949-50
1950-51
1951-52
1952-53
WHERE DOES THE UNIVERSITY DOLLAR GO?
L"
57 55c
59.32c
59 71c
61   15c
4c   7.73c
63.72c
3     TEACHING
RESEARCH
9.68c       17.63c     6 34c  5.20c
10.87c     15 45c   5 33c  4 63c
I I     MAINTENANCE
|     ADMINISTRATION
MISCELLANEOUS
35 EXTENSION SUMMER SCHOOL EXTENSION LECTURE ATTENDANCE      CREDIT CORRESPONDENCE COURSES
400
ENROLMENT
CT>
90,000
87.500
85,000
(820)
1949-50    50-51    51-52   52-53
No.  of Courses (     )
72,500
70,000
1949-50  50-51    51-52   52-53
No. of Lectures (    )
400
350
300
250
200
ANNUAL ENROLMENT
55
—I
rn
z
O
z
>
TO
—I
m
z
m
z
O
r—
m
z
—I
>
z
o
>
z
>
z
n
1949-50   50-51    51-52    52-53
No. of Courses (    ) 750
500
EXTENSION DEPARTMENT: GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
OF NIGHT CLASS ENROLMENT, 1949-1952
iTV'
 VANCOUVER AREA
-..- FRASER VALLEY AREA
-_ CREDIT COURSES
(     ) Number of course.1;
I! 37)
740)
133}
250
(5)
-
P
81—
"•■. +
 J?.)_
 ui ~
 1
* *
-ft
1949-50
1950-51
1951-52
1952-53
37 EXTENSION DEPARTMENT: CIRCULATION OF BOOKS, RECORDS, FILMS
25,000
22,500
20,000
17,500
15,000'
12,500
10,000
7,500,
 Fll M CIRCULATION
 EXTENSION LfBRARY CIRCULATION
-—SECORD LOAN CIRCULATION
	
— -	
	
'
...."-*"'
_...--■
1949-50
1950-51
1951-52
1952-53
38 EXTENSION DEPARTMENT: GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF SERVICES
DISTRIBUTION OF RECORD LOAN SERVICE
A. Lower Mainland     1 %
B. North and Central  B.C.     2%
C. Vancouver  Island     3%
D. Kamloops-Okanagan     3%
E. Kootenays    5%
F. Coast    5%
G. Greater Vancouver     81%
DISTRIBUTION OF FILM SERVICES
A. Central and Northern B.C.    5.2%
B. Kootenays    6.3%
C. Coast    7%
D. Kamloops-Okanagan    8%
E. Lower Mainland     11 %
F. Vancouver Island     11 %
G. Greater Vancouver    51.1%
DISTRIBUTION OF EXTENSION LIBRARY LOANS
A. Kootenays    1 %
B. Kamloops-Okanagan     10%
C. Coast    10%
D. Lower Mainland     14%
E. North and Central B.C.     17%
F. Vancouver Island    21%
G. Greater Vancouver    27%
39

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