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The President's Report 1976-77 1977

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Array The President's
Report 1976-77
•& mm
The University of British Columbia The President's
Report 1976-77
The report of President Douglas Tt Kenny
to the Senate and Board of Governors
of the University of British Columbia
for the 1976-77 academic year.
The University of British Columbia Foreword
To the Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia
Ladies and Gentlemen:
In this report on the 1976-77 academic year I have tried to record the
significant academic accomplishments of the year as well as the major
problems that arose as a result of financial cutbacks and inflation.
Despite the financial difficulties that confront us, I believe that the basic
functions of the University — teaching, research and service to the community
— remain intact and fundamentally sound.
The maintenance of the integrity of the academic enterprise at UBC in the
face of these problems is no small tribute to the individuals and groups that
make up the University community — the members of the Board and Senate,
the two main governing bodies of the University; the deans and
administrative heads, who daily have to grapple with the basic realities of our
current problems; the faculty, whose loyalty to their disciplines and the
University preserves and strengthens the values on which UBC was founded;
the employed staff, whose dedication and support help in the maintenance of
academic standards; and our students, whose energy and intellectual curiosity
make UBC one of the liveliest places in Canada.
While I have mixed feelings about the current state of the University, I
remain optimistic about the future of higher education in general and UBC in
particular. My feelings of optimism result from the expressions of goodwill for
the University that I have encountered locally and in my travels around the
province. There is a very substantial pool of goodwill for UBC in the
community and I am confident that public opinion will ultimately prevail and
that the University will receive the resources it needs to enhance and expand
opportunities for higher education for all those who are capable of taking
advantage of them.
Cordially yours
Douglas T. Kenny
President The
It is with mixed feelings that I begin this
report on the activities and events of the
1976-77 academic year at the University of
British Columbia. Let me explain why in
terms of the three main functions of the
University — teaching, research and service to the community.
Our teaching function has never been
more extensive and diverse. Some new programs and courses were introduced and internal changes and improvements made in
the academic offerings of every faculty of
the University. But the functioning of a
large number of academic units and the
University library system has been weakened and new academic opportunities have
had to be foregone because of inadequate
operating grants.
The quality of our faculty attracted
more than $17 million for research in the
1976-77 fiscal year. The University also
opened several new buildings that offer opportunities for expanding our research and
teaching capabilities. But government
policies and inflation are such that an additional $3 million is required immediately
simply to bring UBC's total research effort
back to 1970-71 levels. And we have a
backlog of unmet building needs that total
approximately $145 million.
In the area of public service and professional activities, faculty members have
continued to be active in placing their expertise at the disposal of governments, industry and community organizations. But
the University has come under attack in the
UBC strove to maintain and
enhance its academic standards in 1976-77in the face of
inadequate operating grants
and a near-crisis in research
funding. UBC's teaching function has
never been more extensive
and diverse, but some courses
and programs approved in
1976-77 have been shelved
because funds are not available to offer them.
6/The President's Report 1976-77
past year for this function and steps have
been taken that will formalize and, in
some cases, limit this activity.
It is this series of paradoxes that has led
to my mixed feelings. I take pride, on the
one hand, in the accomplishments and activities of our faculty, students and employed staff and, on the other, I have a
growing sense of apprehension that the
basic functions of the University are being
undermined by a faltering commitment to
higher education. The federal government, for instance, has withdrawn its
direct support to Canadian higher education. Until March 31, 1977, the federal
government paid 50 per cent of the approved costs of higher education under an
agreement with the provincial governments. Under new arrangements, the federal government has transferred income
tax points and makes cash payments to the
provincial governments which are intended
to compensate for the operating costs of
post-secondary education. The provincial
governments, however, are under no obligation to use the funds obtained in this way
to meet the operating costs of the universities.
My mixed feelings are set against
another paradox.  A recent poll by the
Southam Press asked Canadians what element in their society they valued most. The
answer was "education." If Canadians
place such a high value on education it
should follow that the level of government
support will reflect the will of the people.
Such is far from the case. Over the past
two years, shortfalls in operating grants to
UBC have forced us to cut $3.1 million out
of our operating budget. The impact of
these cutbacks has been threefold:
• We have been unable to make appointments in areas of the University that
need strengthening. The $3.1 million
pared from UBC's operating budget means
that the University has cut back the
equivalent of 150 assistant-professor positions, if one assumes that a new appointee
at this rank is paid $20,000 a year.
• The academic functioning of a large
number of faculties and departments has
been weakened as a result of the cutbacks.
For our students, this has meant larger
classes because many sections have had to
be cut from required or popular courses
and, in some cases, departments have not
been able to offer specific courses despite
student demand.
• Some new courses and programs approved by the University and the Universities Council have been shelved because
funds are not available to offer them. In
other cases, faculties and departments
have had to be told that a proposed new
academic direction has no hope of being
implemented because of the financial
The financial cutbacks and the inroads
of inflation are being felt by all groups at
the University, including our students. They
are paying higher prices for food, residence
accommodation and parking. And during
the academic year the Board of Governors,
in order to balance the budget, was forced
to raise tuition fees between 25 and 30 per
cent for the 1977-78 academic year. This
course of action was taken with the greatest
reluctance and only after the Board had
made a formal request to the Universities
Council for additional funds for the coming year. When this request was rejected,
the Board had no recourse but to impose
the increased fee schedule. The fee increase was not the only strong measure
needed to balance the budget. The Board
also approved cutbacks totalling $1.3
million from the budgets of every academic
and administrative unit.
In terms of research, the universities of
Canada have traditionally relied on the federal government for funding. In recent
years, funds from this source have declined
rapidly, with the result that we face something very close to a crisis at UBC in research funding. This dangerous change in
public policy has a number of ramifications.
In the first place, it denies to gifted
young people and established academics
the opportunity to break new ground in the
search for knowledge. And because research is a valuable training ground for
graduate students, we may even now be
creating a manpower gap that will become
evident only toward the end of this century, when the need for highly trained
specialists could become greater than ever.
A decline in research funds also means
that the quality of teaching is impaired.
Teaching and research are really two sides
of the same coin; the new knowledge painstakingly gained in the laboratories and the
libraries of the University is communicated
to students in the classroom. In the absence
of adequate research funding our teaching
capability is diminished. The ultimate
losers are the students.
Finally, the decline in research funding
impairs Canada's ability to come to grips
with the problems that confront it in the
realms of science, the economy, and the
quality of life of our citizens. Few voices are
raised in opposition to research that holds
out the hope of solving inflation or developing new ways of exploiting and managing our natural resources. But there is an
equally pressing need for exploration in the
humanities and other social sciences. To
support only those areas that promise to
improve our material needs is to see
Canada as a country where progress is
measured in terms of shares traded and
dividends returned.
In the past year, I have come to the conclusion that the public is unaware of the
very substantial achievements of the universities over the past three decades. Let
me briefly review how UBC has responded
to the challenges following the Second
World War.
When hostilities ended in 1945, UBC
was a university of three faculties and a
student enrolment of just over 3,000
students. In the following winter session
enrolment more than doubled and in
1947-48, our total registration at winter
and summer sessions and for extra-
sessional studies was 11,189. Anyone who
attended UBC at that time knows the ter
rible inconveniences that students and
faculty members faced — overcrowded
classrooms and laboratories that operated
six days a week, an inadequate library
where study seats were at a premium, and
endless lineups for textbooks, food and registration.
It was also the period that marked the
advent of surplus army huts to the campus.
More than 300 were brought to UBC to
serve as temporary classrooms, laboratories
and offices. I emphasize "temporary" because some 100 of these wooden buildings
are still with us, and I see no hope that we
will rid ourselves of them in the near
future. Perhaps UBC graduate Eric Nicol,
who himself taught in several of them during his career here, said it all when he
remarked in one of his newspaper columns
that the huts have seen "more service in the
war against ignorance than they ever saw in
the war against Hitler."
By the mid-1950s, there was a consensus
that something had to be done about the
shoestring financing of the past and the utterly inadequate physical plant of Canadian universities if the country was to
meet new challenges. In addition, we had
entered a period of growth in student
enrolment that approached 10 per cent a
UBC continued to be a major
Canadian research centre in
1976-77, despite the fact that
government policies and inflation have combined to
weaken the University's research capacity.
The President's Report 1976-77/7 8/The President's Report 1976-77
Education, in the decade from roughly
1955 to 1965, became a national priority.
In British Columbia, the provincial government and the general public provided
massive funds for new buildings and
facilities and operating grants increased
substantially to enable us to recruit new
faculty and pay an escalating salary bill
that resulted from intense competition for
new teachers. New universities and regional colleges came into existence in the latter
part of this period, which further added to
the costs of education.
By the mid-sixties, UBC had been transformed from an institution of essentially
provincial importance to one that could
point to a national and international
The supreme irony of this is that today
some of the sharpest criticism that is levelled at the universities centres on their size
and the composition of the faculty, who
are supposedly paid inflated salaries.
In the late 1950s, however, there was
simply no alternative but to allow university enrolments to increase. UBC and its
affiliate, Victoria College, were the only
institutions of higher education in the province at that time, and higher education
was provided to a rapidly increasing student body at very reasonable costs.
Our heavy dependence on foreign scholars during this period has a simple
explanation — Canada's undeveloped
graduate schools were simply not capable
of producing university-level teachers.
Canadian universities had no alternative
but to attract foreign scholars to teaching
posts. We managed to do that quite successfully, but Canada has never acknowledged the debt it owes to this dedicated
group of scholars, many of whom made
sacrifices in order to come to this country.
I also reject the argument that we pay
our faculty excessive salaries. If we want
high-quality teachers and researchers —
and I cannot conceive that British Columbians would want anything but the best
available people to be hired at UBC —
then we are going to have to pay for it. Our
competition is not limited to other Canadian universities; business and industry exert a powerful influence on university
salary levels.
Salary levels at UBC compare favorably
with those at McGill and Toronto, the universities that can most logically be compared with UBC. I should add also that our
salary adjustments for faculty at UBC in
the past two years were among the lowest in
Traditionally, universities have encouraged faculty members to make their knowledge and expertise available to industry
and professional organizations, provided
always that such activity does not detract
from their primary commitment to teaching and scholarship. In the 1976-77 academic year, UBC came under heavy attack
in the news media for one cited case of
overzealous consulting activity. The impression that has been created is one of
professors spending more time consulting
than teaching, of neglecting their primary
responsibilities in order to earn, outside
UBC, fees that equal or exceed their
salaries. This is a classic case of arriving at
a generalization on the basis of a single example.
The upshot of this criticism is that we
have had to establish machinery that requires faculty members to report regularly
on their outside activities, and to set limits
on the amount of time that they are allowed to devote to professional consulting.
In consultation with the UBC Faculty Association, a University-wide committee has
been established to make recommendations on this subject.
As in the past, we will do everything
possible to maintain and enhance academic standards to ensure that our students
receive the best possible education. Here, I
want to emphasize that about 85 per cent
of our total operating expenditures are tied
up in salaries and wages for our teaching
and employed staff. The remaining 15 per
cent of University operating costs is in non-
salary items, many of them virtually non-
controllable, for example, heat, light,
water, and telephone services. For the fifth
year in a row, UBC placed first in a national survey of the percentage allocation
of funds for academic purposes in 23 Canadian universities with enrolments of
6,000 or more. The same survey showed we
ranked lowest in the percentage of funds
allocated for administration.
In short, when difficult choices have to
be made about spending priorities, UBC
has chosen to strengthen its academic function.
I want to assure you that economies are
being effected wherever possible in such
areas as energy costs, plant maintenance
and through consolidation of services. Our
faculty are pursuing research grants from
all possible sources. And we are pressing our case for adequate operating and capital grants before the Universities Council
and the provincial government.
The cutbacks of the last two years have
placed the University in a financial strait-
jacket that threatens the academic enterprise. Any further cutbacks can mean only
one thing — we will face the very real prospect of a slide into mediocrity and a lowering of academic standards. I cannot
believe that British Columbians favor a
second-class future because of a lack of
commitment to first-class education.
The balance of my report for the 1976-
77 academic year will deal with the accomplishments and challenges that were a
part of the University experience during
that 12-month period. It is a somewhat
mixed picture compounded of unequal
parts of growth and frustration in terms of
the development of our academic offerings
and our physical plant.
eaciimff and
iii ■«*
C11TT1C11 IllTTI
Any university worthy of the name has a
constantly changing curriculum that reflects many things — new knowledge that
is continuously accumulating as the result
of research by scholars all over the world,
new fields of study that result from advances in technology and the merging of
related disciplines, the stated needs of
business and industry, and student interests.
The University constantly has to guard
against pressures to introduce vocational
programs that are better suited to other
kinds of institutions, and fields of study
that are faddish to the extent that initial
interest is followed by neglect. There also
have to be assurances that qualified faculty
are available to teach new courses and programs, that library facilities are adequate
to meet the needs of both students and instructors, and that there is adequate space
to house new or expanded programs. All of
these factors have financial implications.
Thus, proposals that alter, add to, or
eliminate courses and programs from the
curriculum are subject to rigorous study at
many University levels. From their point of
initiation in the departments of the University, proposals are scrutinized at the faculty
level before being forwarded to Senate. At
this level they are considered by the curriculum or new programs committees and
then debated on the floor of Senate. They
are then subject to approval by the Board
of Governors and the president, who must
determine whether physical space and adequate finances are available for their implementation.
If they pass all these hurdles, proposals
then go the Universities Council, where
they are again subject to review and study.
The establishment of the council has
meant that there is a delay of up to two
years from the time a proposal is initiated
to its appearance in the University Calendar as a course offering.
What follows is a faculty-by-faculty listing of major program and course changes
in 1976-77. Programs and courses we have
been unable to offer because of financial
limitations are also listed.
program in aquaculture — the growing of
plants, fish and animals in seawater — was
introduced in this faculty in the Department of Bio-Resource Engineering. The
undergraduate program, a first in western
Canada, offers an interdisciplinary approach in terms of teaching, research and
public service. It will involve the disciplines
of genetics, nutrition, disease control,
economics and engineering. Under the department's energetic new head, Dr. John
Zahradnik, an active research program has
commenced. Units for growing seaweed,
an important source of thickening agents
in food production, are being tested in the
Strait of Georgia, and at the University's
Oyster River research farm on Vancouver
Island a pilot plant has been set up for
studies on the utilization of animal wastes
to grow zooplankton, a major source of
food for fish. Water discharged from the
unit is used to irrigate pasture on the
research farm.
The faculty also introduced a new
rangeland resources option in the Department of Plant Science, a program that involves several other departments in the
faculty as well as the Faculty of Forestry.
Dr. Warren Kitts, the new dean of agricultural sciences, has drawn attention to
the need for development of a series of land
bases in the province to maintain and extend the faculty's teaching, research and
public  service  programs.   A  number  of
The President's Report 1976-77/9 10/The President's Report 1976-77
these land tracts would be necessary in
various areas of the province in order that
the work carried out at each of them would
reflect local needs and conditions. Dr.Kitts
and his colleagues have already defined a
suitable tract for this purpose near Langley
in the Fraser Valley and a task force of
UBC and provincial government agriculturalists has begun to draw up plans and
prepare a proposal for development of the
area for submission to the provincial
The faculty has also submitted to the Interior University Programs Board, established to advise the Universities Council
and the provincial government on the
delivery of credit courses in the B.C. Interior, a proposal to set up agricultural
resources programs in conjunction with
regional colleges that would use research
lands owned by Agriculture Canada for
teaching and research keyed to the needs of
each area of the province.
APPLIED SCIENCE. The faculty introduced new courses at the graduate level
in waste treatment and disposal and in
geotechnical engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering. These offerings
will strengthen the department's curriculum and development in environmental
engineering, soil mechanics and off-shore
ocean technology. Funding has also been
provided to foster research and teaching in
the area of soil mechanics. A diploma
course in surveying within civil engineering
was dropped because of declining interest
and low student registration.
Within the Department of Mechanical
Engineering, a naval architecture program
got underway. The program is being offered as a fourth-year option as the initial
stage in the development of Canada's first
professional school of naval architecture.
Seed money to initiate the courses has
come from Canadian shipbuilders, designers and allied industries, and the provincial
and federal governments. The program
will benefit from the construction of a $1.7
million towing tank and manoeuvering
basin constructed with provincial and
federal grants at B.C. Research on the
In June, 1977, the Board of Governors
approved funding to enable the Department of Mineral Engineering to begin
planning an extension of its teaching and
research in coal production engineering in
accord with a submission approved by the
Universities Council. It is expected that the
expanded program, which will require additional faculty appointments as well as
new physical space for the department, will
begin operating in the 1978-79 academic
The current academic year was the last
one in which the University received funds
from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation of
Battle Creek, Michigan, to aid an expansion of the University's School of Nursing in
the Faculty of Applied Science. The school
received a total of $330,460 between 1973
and 1977 to cover the salaries of new faculty members and clerical staff, travel and
consultation expenses, supplies and audiovisual teaching equipment. The foundation's decision to appropriate this
significant grant was the result of the
school's work in developing a new body of
nursing knowledge, by its new approach to
nursing education, and especially by its integration of the two-year nursing program
offered by regional colleges and a new
four-year bachelor's degree program offered at UBC.
The foundation, on its part, has expressed its satisfaction with the developments that have taken place in the School
of Nursing as a result of the grant to UBC.
The University has expressed its gratitude
to the foundation for its generosity in supporting an expanded nursing program that
prepares students for work in, community
and preventive health care and hospital
care for acute and long-term illness. This is
one of two grants from the Kellogg Foundation that terminated this year, and for
which replacement funds will have to be
found if the programs they supported are
to continue. Details on the second Kellogg
grant are noted under the section of this
report dealing with continuing education.
ARTS. The Faculty of Arts was the
hardest hit of UBC's 12 faculties by the
need to eliminate $3.1 million from our
operating budget over the past two years.
Despite cutbacks of $557,988, the faculty
has maintained and improved its academic
standards and achievements. Standards for
promotion and tenured appointments are
higher than in the past and are continuing
to rise. This improvement has taken place
in spite of the need to cope with shifting
student populations and the development
of new programs, and in the face of budget
cuts and the resulting strain on morale.
The arts faculty, and the Department of
English in particular, has made an effort in
recent years to impress on educators and the public the need to improve the quality
of English-language teaching in B.C. Two
developments of the past year give cause
for satisfaction; there are signs of a shift in
emphasis in the school curriculum to place
greater importance on grammar and composition, and the introduction of an English placement test by the provincial
Department of Education will mean that
our Department of English will no longer
have to administer a similar test to students
entering UBC for the first time in order to
place those who need remedial work in
special sections. The English department
has also received Senate approval to terminate its remedial-English program in
1979. In that year the Centre for Continuing Education will be responsible for this
program. It should be kept in mind, too,
that there are many students taking English courses who show above-average
abilities in language use. To enable these
students to concentrate on literature, 13
special sections of English 100 were in
operation in 1976-77.
The financial cutback in arts is reflected
in the fact that three departments and two
schools were unable to offer approved programs in 1976-77. Lack of funding prevented new courses in children's literature
being offered in creative writing; a concentration in law librarianship is in
abeyance; and the faculty was unable to
offer programs leading to the degrees of
Master of Fine Arts and Doctor of Philosophy in Theatre History and a diploma
program in community nutrition in the
School of Home Economics.
The faculty has been active in revising
and reviewing existing programs. These
have taken place in geography at both the
undergraduate and graduate levels; in
Germanic studies, which completed a revision of the first-year German program in
1976-77; and in the School of Home Economics, where a thorough review of the
undergraduate curriculum in human development and family science was completed, and a new majors program in
family science, involving the introduction
of six new courses, was established. The introduction   of  two   new   correspondence
More than 127,000 persons
visited UBC's new Museum of
Anthropology in 1976-77 to
view its permanent collections
as well as a number of special
displays and events.
The President's Report 1976-77/11 12/The President's Report 1976-77
courses at the third-year level by the
Department of Psychology has made it
possible for students to complete all but
one of the course requirements for a
psychology major by this method.
A successful review of the art history program in the Department of Fine Arts was
carried out with the aid of outside consultants. The report of the review committee indicated that the quality of the
program is satisfactory at both the
undergraduate and graduate levels.
A number of academic units in arts with
applied and clinical teaching programs
have expressed their concern that criticism
of outside professional activities by faculty
members will lead to restrictions that will
diminish contact with community agencies, which are valuable as sites for
teaching and research. Unwarranted restrictions by the University, they say, could
be a "serious deterrent" to efforts to
develop first-class professional programs in
the community.
It is my hope that such fears will not be
realized. We are aiming to develop some
broad and flexible policies that will guard
against abuses while at the same time permitting our experts to make their knowledge and abilities available in the
Finally, in this section of the Faculty of
Arts, I take the opportunity to report on
the first full year of operation of the new
Museum of Anthropology. The faculty is
administratively responsible for museum
operations because, in addition to being a
valuable public facility, the museum is a
major centre for teaching and research. In
other words, the concept embodied in the
plans of the museum was that it should be
a place of learning and discovery for the
general public, students and scholars. I am
pleased to report that in its first year,
the museum attracted more than 127,000
persons to see its permanent collections,
special displays by contemporary Indian
craftsmen and a host of other events. The
staff of the museum, ably led by its director, Dr. Michael Ames, overcame many
obstacles in the first year of operation and
have made it a lively and attractive addition to the cultural resources of Canada.
COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. The faculty introduced no new programs in 1976-77, but
undertook a major review of the curriculum leading to the Bachelor of
Commerce degree. Higher entrance and
advancement standards were developed for
Senate approval and additional proposals
for curriculum changes will be brought
forward in the 1977-78 academic year.
Funds were provided to enable the faculty to expand its evening program leading
to the degree of Master of Business Administration. One section of all first-year
M.B.A. courses is available to evening
students, and the heartening response to
this expansion has led the faculty to investigate the possibility of offering a complete evening degree program. I am
hopeful that funds will be available to
enable the continued expansion of this
evening program.
The faculty, which has experienced very
significant enrolment increases in recent
years, signified its intention of placing
greater stress on its Ph.D. program by appointing Prof. Kenneth MacCrimmon as
program director. He has already given a
new sense of direction to research in the
early stages of the Ph.D. program and has
undertaken a more thorough screening
process to identify the best possible candidates for admission to the program.
The faculty introduced six new courses
in 1976-77 that strengthen existing programs in urban land economics and in
labor and manpower.
DENTISTRY. The faculty made progress in the 1976-77 academic year in the
generation of new programs. A program
leading to the degree of Master of Science
in Dental Science and a postgraduate certification course in periodontics await approval by the Universities Council before
being implemented. A bachelor's degree
program in dental hygiene has received
faculty approval and will be forwarded to
Senate for discussion.
The faculty's undergraduate dental program continues to improve through course
adjustments, better timetabling, and an
ongoing program to measure teaching effectiveness. Support from the provincial
government has enabled the faculty to
operate a summer dental clinic where
Lower Mainland school children receive
free dental treatment and students benefit
through practical training.
Recent changes in the provincial Dentistry Act have specified additional duties
for dental hygienists. The faculty has
responded by adjusting its teaching program to include instruction and clinical
practice in these new areas of responsibility. Concrete evidence of the excellence of the existing diploma program in dental
hygiene has been furnished by the performance of the members of the 1977
graduating class, all of whom wrote the
U.S. National Board exams. The class
average was over 91 per cent and UBC was
ranked 8 out of 174 programs in North
The Department of Oral Medicine has
begun a new service and teaching clinic
called the Mouth and Mucosa Referral
Clinic, which is located at the Vancouver
General Hospital in association with the
Department of Dermatology of the Faculty
of Medicine.
The demand for continuing education
programs in dentistry continues to increase, partly as a result of new regulations
that make it mandatory for practising dentists to update their skills. There has been a
significant rise in registration for continuing dental education programs since January 1, 1977, when the new regulations were
Finally, I would like to pay tribute here
to Dean S. Wah Leung, who resigned as
head of the faculty on June 30, 1977, but
who will remain at UBC as a professor. Dr.
Leung was the founding dean of the faculty which was established in 1962. As the
first dean of dentistry he faced the special
problems of recruiting the research and
teaching staff, overseeing the planning and
construction of facilities to house the facul
ty, initiating the training program in
dental hygiene, and fostering continuing
education and public service programs. He
has carried out these duties with, energy
and devotion over a period of 15 years and
developed a faculty with a balanced program of teaching, research and public service. The faculty has graduated more than
200 dentists since 1968, and all but a handful of these graduates are practising in
communities throughout B.C., which indicates that the faculty is serving the province well. The quality of the faculty's
graduates is, ultimately, the best tribute
that can be paid to Wah Leung.
EDUCATION. This faculty was hit
hard over the past two years by financial
cutbacks. A total of $338,548 in salaried
positions was removed from the faculty's
budget. Despite this, the education faculty
managed to respond well to new initiatives
and proposals that provide a variety of opportunities for teacher training.
Approval was given for a new five-year
program leading to the degree of Bachelor
of Education in special education. Students trained under this program will be
able to recognize and deal with the estimated 5 to 7 per cent of B.C.'s school
population who are mildly handicapped.
The new program will accept its first
students in September, 1977, and will fill a
real need in the school system for a group
of specialized teachers who are skilled in
More than 900 elementary
and secondary school children
received free dental treatment
in the summer of 1977 from
students in UBC's Faculty of
Dentistry, who worked under
faculty supervision.
The President's Report 1976-77/13 Dr. Peter Murtha is co-ordinating a new program in
remote sensing — the interpretation of information
about the earth recorded by
satellites and high-flying aircraft.
14/The President's Report 1976-77
meeting the needs of this group of children.
A new program called LISTEN, an acronym for Low-Income Student Teacher
Education, designed to prepare teachers to
work in schools in low-income areas, completed its first year of operation in the
1976-77 academic year.
The faculty also completed negotiations
in 1976-77 with the government of the
Yukon Territory to provide teacher-training courses in Whitehorse. The Yukon government is bearing the entire cost of the
program, estimated at $275,000 in the first
year. Two programs will be offered in
1977-78: a single year of professional
training for would-be teachers who already
hold university degrees; and a second pro
gram for high school graduates and mature students who will enrol in the program
leading to the Bachelor of Education
(Elementary) degree. The first and third
years of the degree program will be conducted in Whitehorse, while the second
and fourth years will be held on the UBC
campus. Each program will admit 20 students in the first year. I am pleased that
the Faculty of Education was able to respond positively to the initiative of the
Yukon, which has experienced a high turnover in elementary school teachers in recent years.
Other developments within education in
the academic year include creation of
a Standing Committee on Teaching
(SCOT), which is charged with improving
the teaching abilities of faculty members,
and the strengthening of the Centre for the
Study of Curriculum and Instruction,
which is reviving and extending the work of
the former Department of Curricular
Budget constraint had its effect on the
faculty, however. Two programs — Open-
area Teacher Preparation and the Diploma in the Education of Young Children —
were suspended, and four Senate-approved
courses will not be offered in 1977-78
because of the reduction of resources
allocated to the Faculty of Education.
FORESTRY. Enrolment in this faculty,
which trains students for careers in B.C.'s
most important industry, has more than
doubled in the last decade. Expansion of
its offerings during this period has enabled
it to provide teaching and research experience for students and faculty members
in a very broad range of subjects in the
management of forest resources. The significant enrolment increase of recent years
has resulted in very heavy teaching commitments at the senior level. This has led
the faculty to give serious consideration to
a major administrative reorganization that
may result in the creation of departments
or divisions within the faculty. As a first
step, the growing need to cope with administration resulted in the appointment
of Prof. Antal Kozak as associate dean
and Prof. B.J. van der Kamp as assistant
to the dean. Dean J. F. Gardner reports
that in spite of a generally poor employment situation, virtually all graduates of
the faculty have obtained employment in
forestry-related work. The demand for students with post-graduate degrees remained
high and exceeded the supply. The faculty introduced no significant
changes in curriculum in 1976-77, but received special funding to develop an interdisciplinary program at the graduate level
in the field of remote sensing — the interpretation of information about the earth
recorded by satellites and high-flying aircraft. The interpretation of remote-sensing
data is valuable in many areas, including
natural-resource management, pollution
control and wildlife conservation. The
UBC program in remote sensing is being
co-ordinated by Dr. Peter Murtha, who
holds appointments in the Faculty of
Forestry and in the soil science department
of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.
Other UBC departments and units that
will be involved in the program include
geography, civil engineering and the computing centre.
work at UBC has sustained a high level of
activity in recent years despite the decline
in real dollar terms of support for research.
Within the faculty there have been notable
shifts in the pattern of student enrolment;
interest in the pure or basic disciplines has
declined in favor of increases in enrolment
for professional programs that appear to
offer better employment opportunities.
Enrolment has also increased in graduate
social sciences programs and there is an
increasing demand for interdisciplinary
programs, which require more intensive
counselling and organization.
An important decision made during the
academic year was to allocate an increase
in graduate student fees for graduate
scholarships in 1977-78. The object of the
decision is to maintain UBC strength in
graduate studies.
The faculty's Institute of Animal Resource Ecology received $16,000 for the
support of graduate courses in ecology
policy analysis and the School of Community and Regional Planning started a
guided independent study course on site
planning for surveyors, funded by a
$20,000 grant from the Corporation of
B.C. Land Surveyors.
UBC's new Centre for Human Settlements, created in 1976 during Habitat, the
United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, began to emerge as an active institution during the academic year. The
centre will make use of the more than
10,600 audio-visual items that made up the
240 presentations by the 140 countries that
took part in Habitat for continuing education programs and teaching and research
studies at UBC and elsewhere.
The task of distributing the collection of
materials acquired by the University will be
undertaken by the United Nations Audio-
Visual Information Centre (UNAVIC),
which is housed in the Woodward Instructional Resources Centre. UNAVIC will
serve as the distributor and duplicator of
the videotapes and films of the collection as
the holder of the international copyright
on the material. Associated with UNAVIC
in the Woodward IRC is a facility for viewing the collection. It consists of a 50-seat
theatre and cubicles equipped with TV
monitors and headphones. Distribution
policies and guidelines for the use of the
collections are being developed by an international panel of advisors.
The collection offers a unique opportunity for development of research, teaching
and public education programs in a wide
range of problems associated with human
settlements, including housing, energy and
In 1976-77, the activities of the Centre
for Human Settlements were concentrated
in three areas — a scholar-in-residence
program, invitational seminars and community programs. Dr. Leon Gertler, of the
University of Waterloo, was the centre's
first scholar-in-residence and has prepared
a manuscript entitled "Habitat and Land."
An example of the invitational seminar
program was "Arable Land: The Appropriate Use of a Scarce Resource," which
brought together a cross-section of academic and professional experts for a two-
day discussion. Faculty and students are
continuing to use the audio-visual library
for course and research assignments. The
centre's first publication, a collection
of papers on the Habitat theme, was published in January, 1977, by the UBC Press.
Prof. Peter Oberlander has been named
the permanent director of the centre and
Dr. Knute Buttedahl joined the staff as administrator on July 1, 1977.
A decline in financial support forced the
University to discontinue funding for the
Institute of Industrial Relations in 1976-
77. A review committee suggested that the
institute should not be disbanded, and
when funds are available it may be given
a new start. Meanwhile, research on industrial relations will continue in various
departments and faculties of the University. Shortage of funds has slowed the de-
The President's Report 1976-77/15 16/The President's Report 1976-77
velopment of the Institute of Applied
Mathematics and Statistics and the Institute of Asian Research.
Other institutes, centres and schools that
are part of the graduate studies faculty
maintained a high level of research activity
in 1976-77, which will be described in
more detail in the research section of this
LAW. The Faculty of Law, perhaps
more than any other at the University, has
been subject to continuing difficulties in
the recruitment and retention of first-rate
legal talent in the face of strong competitive pressures from government, the practising profession and from other law
schools. In 1975-76 three of the six resignations from the faculty's teaching staff were
by persons who took positions at other law
schools, and of the six persons recruited to
replace those who resigned, none were recruited from other law schools and only
one had previous teaching experience.
In 1976-77, this situation was somewhat
improved. While there were three resignations, none represented losses to other law
schools. All four of the new appointees
were experienced law teachers with demonstrated abilities in both academic and
non-academic legal work.
The faculty-student ratio in the UBC
law school remains a matter of concern.
Student enrolment has reached and slightly exceeded the limit of 720, while the complement of full-time faculty stands at 39
against a hoped-for faculty strength of 50
persons. The consequences of this situation
are a reduced number of course sections at
the first-year level, large classes in the upper years and an excessive reliance on honorary lecturers. In fact, 31 per cent of the
total course units in the faculty are handled by teachers who are in the honorary,
visiting, and part-time categories. Dean
Kenneth Lysyk says that unless this imbalance can be corrected, the faculty will
have to give serious consideration to reducing enrolment in first-year law.
The faculty also faces a problem in obtaining funds for the continuation of its
legal clinic program, which provides an
opportunity for students to gain practical
experience in advising the general public
on legal problems under the watchful eye
of members of the B.C. bar, including
some faculty members. The program has
received substantial support since its inception in 1975 from the Law Foundation of
B.C., which has served notice that its support will terminate at the end of the
1977-78 academic year. The faculty has
submitted a funding proposal to the Universities Council and a decision is awaited.
Three new courses on land use planning,
the law of valuation and consumer protection received faculty and Senate approval
in 1976-77.
MEDICINE. I cannot think of another
UBC faculty that has faced more uncertainty about its future in recent years than
medicine. In 1973 it became apparent that
the teaching, research and service hospital
planned for the Health Sciences Centre on
the UBC campus would not be built. This
was the result of a decision by the government of that day to create the B.C. Medical Centre on the site of the former
Shaughnessy Hospital on Oak Street. Although this decision was a disappointment
to the University, we undertook to cooperate with the proposed BCMC development. Innumerable members of the
various faculties, schools and departments
that make up the health sciences area at
UBC were involved in task committees
charged with bringing forward plans for
the new centre because it was inevitable
that students and faculty would be involved in its operations.
In December, 1975, the New Democratic Party government was defeated in a
provincial election and the Social Credit
party was returned to power. The new
government decided not to continue with
development of the B.C. Medical Centre.
On March 9, 1976, the provincial ministers
of health and education proposed a $50
million building program, using matched
provincial and federal funds, to construct a
240-bed acute-care hospital on campus,
provide additions to basic medical science
buildings in the Health Sciences Centre,
and upgrade clinical teaching facilities at
Vancouver hospitals associated with the
UBC medical school. The government also
proposed that UBC double the size of its
first-year medical class from the present 80
to 160 students. The University was given
60 days to respond to the government proposal.
After a wide range of consultations it
was decided to respond positively to the
government's proposals and expansion
plans were submitted to the government
within the 60-day limit. In October, 1976,
the provincial government announced its
intention to implement its commitment to improving health education facilities and
expand the size of the medical class.
Throughout our negotiations with the
government we have insisted that the increased operating funds required to expand the medical class would have to be
provided in a way that would not adversely
affect the funding of other academic programs at the University.
The government proposals were approved in principle by the Board of Governors in January, 1977, subject to the
following conditions:
• Specific approval by the Board of the
necessary funding and other resources being made available for each phase of expansion of the medical class at least one
year in advance of that phase;
• Availability of the necessary physical
resources and additional operating funds
recommended by the president after consultation with the appropriate persons and
bodies and approved by the Board;
• Provision of the necessary additional
operating funds in a manner which in the
judgment of the president and the Board
will not adversely affect the funding and
resources available to other University programs; and
• Bearing in mind that the funding of
programs and activities of the Faculty of
Medicine may be subject to similar constraints as other programs and activities at
the University.
Approval in principle for construction of
the hospital and basic science facilities on
campus and expansion of clinical facilities
at associated downtown hospitals was given
by the Board subject to the following conditions :
• Subsequent approval by the Board of
the necessary financing and related arrangements for these facilities; and
• Assurance being given to the Board by
the president at the appropriate time that
the appropriate University authorities have
approved the academic suitability of the
The approvals given during this period
set off an incredibly concentrated round of
planning and consultation with Vancouver
hospitals. On April 18, Dr. Patrick McGeer, the provincial minister of education,
and Hon. Ron Basford, the federal minister of justice, jointly turned the first sod to
mark the start of construction of the acute-
care hospital in the Health Sciences Centre
on campus. Planning and consultation for
expansion of the campus basic medical
sciences buildings and the upgrading of
clinical facilities at downtown hospitals are
well underway. I am particularly heartened by the very positive response that has
been forthcoming from the various Vancouver hospitals where we have clinical
teaching facilities. Officials from those
hospitals are being most co-operative in
developing plans for these upgraded
Another important development for the
Faculty of Medicine in the 1976-77 academic year was the completion and opening of the Harry Purdy Extended Care Unit
in the Health Sciences Centre. I will have
more to say about this development and
our hopes for expansion of the field of
gerontology in a later section of this report
on capital financing and new buildings.
Throughout this most difficult period,
the affairs of the Faculty of Medicine were
overseen by Dean David Bates, who resigned as dean on June 30, 1977, but who
will remain at UBC as a member of the
Hon. Ron Basford, left, federal minister of justice, and
Hon. Patrick McGeer, B.C.'s
minister of education, turned
the first sod for a new acute-
care hospital in the campus
Health Sciences Centre in
April, 1977.
The President's Report 1976-77/17 18/The President's Report 1976-77
medical school's medicine and physiology
departments. While dean, Dr. Bates oversaw a major revision of the medical school's
curriculum and was responsible for attracting to the school a number of outstanding
teachers and researchers. New provisions
for the training of residents in Vancouver
hospitals were introduced and a Department of Family Practice was added to the
faculty during his deanship. He has insisted on high standards of faculty and student performance and was ever an effective
spokesman on behalf of the medical
school's interests in the community. I am
pleased that he will continue as a member
of the faculty, where his talents as a chest
physician and his expertise in environmental medicine will be available to students
and colleagues.
There were few significant curriculum
changes in this faculty in 1976-77. The
development of two fourth-year courses is
notable: Pharmacy 455 is expanding this
year to ensure that students are informed
on all areas of health care legislation, as
well as health care services offered through
government and voluntary agencies; Pharmacy 488 now includes studies on the toxicity of chemicals in the environment, air
and water pollution, disposal of toxic
materials and studies of chemically induced carcinoma. Two new courses have
been introduced at the graduate level as requirements for graduate degrees. One of
these requires students to prepare and present lectures for critical evaluation by
fellow students. The second course offers
students an opportunity to improve their
teaching abilities.
There have been some notable developments within the faculty in the areas of
research and public service, which will be
dealt with in other sections of this report.
SCIENCE. The Faculty of Science was
another of UBC's 12 faculties hard hit by
the cutbacks that have had a widespread
effect on UBC's academic operations. A
total of $331,312 was removed from the
science budget over the past two years,
with the result that new programs and major curriculum changes are virtually at a
Changes implemented in 1976-77 include the introduction of courses in computer science at the first-year level, three
new courses in statistics in the Department
of Mathematics, and a revised second-year
program leading to the bachelor's degree
in honors physics. Revised third- and
fourth-year programs for the degree will be
introduced in 1977-78 and 1978-79 respectively.
Budgetary constraints prevented introduction of special five-hour-per-week
sections of Mathematics 100 for students
whose numerical skills are deficient. The
faculty will probably have to delay implementation of this program indefinitely,
despite evidence of inadequate preparation
of entering students.
There was some improvement in physical facilities for certain science departments as the result of completion of the
new north wing of the Biological Sciences
Building. This will be described in the section dealing with capital financing and
new buildings.
^•i*J\^C^A \^JtJL
In my report to you last year I said the
University faces something very close to a
crisis in research funding. Nothing that has
happened in the interim has caused me to
change that view; indeed, inflation has
continued to weaken our research capacity
even though the total number of dollars
received by the University has increased.
In the fiscal year that ended March 31,
1977, UBC received $17,074,743 from all
sources for research. This was a record
total and a 6.4 per cent increase over the
previous year.
Inflation, however, has continued to
take a serious toll on the available funds.
Dr. Richard Spratley, our research administrator, reports that merely to bring
UBC's 1976-77 research funds up to the
level of grants made in 1970-71 would have
required an additional $3,022,966.
Changes in policy at the federal level
have resulted in the emergence of a new
pattern of support for research. Allocations from granting councils are up slightly, while those from federal departments
are down, apparently reflecting a conviction that university research support
should be centralized in the councils.
There also appears to be an overall trend
toward applied research at the expense of
basic research. In his report to the Board
of Governors, Dr. Spratley comments that
this trend will be "accelerated by a recent
National Research Council decision to
reserve a significant part of its budget in- crease for the support of projects in areas
of defined national priority."
Few will quarrel with a decision to invest
more in research on projects of national
importance, but to do this at the expense
of basic research, which is absolutely essential as the underpinning for applied research, is a little like purchasing a car and
neglecting to set aside adequate funds to
pay for the gasoline to run it.
The federal government continues to be
the largest contributor to the research
pool. Funds from this source totalled
$11,637,589 in 1976-77, making up 68.1
per cent of total research funds. Support of
research by the provincial government continues at very low levels and a discouraging
development was the dissolution of the
B.C. Health Sciences Research Fund,
which supported health research in the
province. However, the announcement by
the provincial government of the creation
of a research secretariat opens the way for
a more rational approach to research support from this source.
Support from Canadian foundations has
increased and has alleviated at least part of
the serious problem of funding medical
research. Increased grants from Canadian
and United States companies is encouraging and it is hoped that this trend will continue as our researchers increase their
interaction with industry.
The group perhaps most affected by the
research funding crisis are new faculty
members who have been attracted to University life partly by the prospect of being
able to carry out research. The policies of
the major granting agencies seem to be to
increase average grants to established
researchers and to provide virtually no
funds for new projects by younger faculty
Despite these problems, UBC continues
to be a major centre of Canadian research;
indeed, it is one of the three top universities in Canada in terms of grants made by
federal agencies. Some faculties showed
very significant increases in the monetary
values of grants in 1976-77 over 1975-76.
Grants in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration were up by 148.6
per cent from $117,647 to $292,418; in
education by 49.1 per cent from $195,856
to $292,089; in pharmaceutical sciences
by 29.3 per cent; in arts by 22.4 per cent;
and in agricultural sciences by 16 per cent.
Despite a slight drop in allocations to the
Faculty of Science, two of that faculty's
departments — chemistry and physics —
each received more than $1 million for
research. This faculty remains the largest
spender of research funds at $5,208,523,
followed by medicine at $4,785,932; applied science at $2,064,919; arts at
$1,214,674; and graduate studies at
In the remainder of this section on research, let me briefly describe some of the
new projects undertaken in the various
faculties of the University, particularly
those that have potential for benefit to the
In agricultural sciences, work is being
carried out on methods for the control of
salmonella, the commonest type of food
poisoning; on methods for detecting the
microbial decay of meat; on control of insect pests; and the treatment of sewage
sludge.  One of our poultry scientists is
UBC's Department of Chemistry was one of two University departments that received
more than $1 million for
research in 1976-77.
The President's Report 1976-77/19 20/The President's Report 1976-77
studying methods to decrease the cholesterol content in eggs.
In applied science, a program in biomedical engineering, involving co-operation between applied science and
medicine, is developing as funds are
available. Work continues on development
of an artificial kidney machine, on heart
valves and the production of artificial
limbs. Three members of the mechanical
engineering department have received a
major grant to work on problems associated with the safety of operation of
nuclear reactors. There has been a significant increase in reseach funds for work
associated with coal utilization.
In the Faculty of Arts, a 10-member
group of natural-resource economists
began work in earnest on a five-year project funded by the Canada Council. The
aim of the project is to throw new light on
one of the least-understood areas of
modern economics — the management of
the world's natural resources. One of our
geographers is in the final stages of completing a new atlas of British Columbia to
be published by the University of B.C.
Press; other geographers are working on
problems.associated with industrial development in the Mackenzie Valley and the
impact of pipeline construction in the
Northwest Territories. In the School of
Home Economics new emphasis is being
placed on human nutrition, including
studies of vitamin E, mineral metabolism
and folic acid. One of our leading music
scholars is continuing work on a cataloguing of all the works of the composer
Johannes Brahms with the support of the
Canada Council; in psychology, grants
have been approved for the evaluation of
treatment programs in relation to drug
and alcohol abuse, for a physiological
study of criminals, and for the effects of
chemicals on the human brain.
In dentistry, a team of three reseachers
has received $164,264 to carry out studies
of tongue movements and jaw positions
which have direct clinical significance in
the understanding and treatment of malocclusions, and Dr. Virginia Diewert has
aroused considerable interest for her
research in palatal formation, which is
supported by grants totalling $50,560.
In education, eight faculty members
and six graduate students have received
grants to work on theoretical and applied
studies in values education, which includes
the production and validation of curricular
materials for schools. Other projects of
widespread public interest include a survey of the incidence and needs of children
with hearing difficulties; assessments of
achievement levels by elementary and high
school children in the fields of mathematics and social studies; methods for the
early detection of learning difficulties; and
studies of physical education for mentally
retarded children.
Research in forestry is of particular interest because of the economic value of
that resource to our province. Our researchers are developing new methods of
forest regeneration by mechanical and
other means; forest scientists are studying
the recycling of nutrients in both high and
low-level forest ecosystems, and there is
continued emphasis on the whole field of
forest management for industrial and recreational purposes.
The theme of research in the Faculty of
Graduate Studies has this year been its
relevance to contemporary Canadian problems. In animal resource ecology, scientists are studying various insect pests,
including the spruce budworm, which is
threatening to destroy vast areas of Canadian forests, and several institute members
are involved in research associated with the
federal government's $300 million salmon
enhancement program. Our Institute of
Oceanography attracted more than
$800,000 during the academic year for a
wide variety of studies, including marine
pollution, and was given more than
$400,000 in ship time on west coast research vessels. The Institute of International Relations continued its research
program related to Canada's new 200-mile
fishing zone, and Dr. Mark Zacher, the institute's director, was awarded a $17,000
grant for research on international whaling. The production of a book entitled
Canadian Foreign Policy and the Law of
the Sea was particularly noteworthy. The
Centre for Transportation Studies had an
active year. It received nearly a quarter of
a million dollars from the provincial government for three major research projects
for the B.C. ferry system, transportation
needs of northern coastal communities,
and economic and managerial problems of
the B.C. Railway.
The Westwater Research Centre published books on international rivers and
pollution control in B.C., continued work
on a coastal resource managment project,
and received $40,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation for a study of Canada-U.S.
water-management problems.
Some faculties receive very little money
for research, but this does not indicate a
low level of research activity. The Faculty
of Law, for instance, received only $12,884
in grants for research in 1976-77, and of
that sum more than $5,300 was a single
grant from the federal government for research on the topic of the non-medical use
of drugs. The research level within the
faculty is indicated by its list of publications by 15 members of the teaching staff.
These cover such subjects as maritime,
criminal, family, labor, environmental
and civil law as well as the following
topics: the law of expropriation, the legal
control of hazardous products in Canada,
the calculation of damage for fatal injuries, class actions, Indian rights, income
tax planning, debtors' rights and the instruction of juries. In addition, seven faculty members and six graduate students took
part in seminars on such widely varied topics as law reform, labor relations and the
problems of water law and river boundaries.
Perhaps the most significant research
advance in the Faculty of Medicine in
1976-77 is the arrival at UBC of Dr. John
Dirks, the new head of the Department of
Medicine in the faculty, and his colleagues
from McGill University. His research team
and the funds they bring with them has
made UBC a leading centre in North
America for work on kidney function with
grants of just over $300,000. Dr. Michael
Smith and Dr. Gordon Tener, both members of the Department of Biochemistry,
each received more than $71,000 for their
important work on the structure and function of nucleic acids. The largest single
grant for research in medicine was made to
Dr. Henry Dunn, of the Department of
Paediatrics, who received $95,780 for a
continuation of his 15-year study of
children of low birth weight, which promises to produce some very significant information about the development of
premature babies.
Research grants to the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences increased by nearly 30
per cent in 1976-77, and included an
award totalling $151,877 to enable a team
of specialists in the field of nuclear
medicine to undertake a pilot project for
the production of a special isotope of
iodine, used in the diagnosis of disease.
The project will be carried out in associa
tion with TRIUMF, the new cyclotron
located at UBC. The team, headed by Dr.
Don Lyster, of pharmaceutical sciences,
will produce the isotope at TRIUMF and
airlift it to hospitals in four Canadian
cities. The object of the project is to determine whether a system for the production
and distribution of radioactive iodine is
feasible. If it is found feasible, it is expected that one of the major pharmaceutical firms will undertake production on a
larger scale. The Medical Research Council of Canada and the B.C. Heart Foundation are the chief granting agencies for
research funds in this faculty, supporting a
variety of work in pharmokinetics, the
mechanism of drug action, drug transportation in the body and alcohol tolerance.
Research carried out over a period of many
years has resulted in establishment of a
Drug and Poison Information Centre operated by the Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences at St. Paul's Hospital. This operation enables physicians anywhere in the
province to obtain the most recent information available for the treatment of
people who have been poisoned. Funds are
forthcoming to permit an expansion of this
program in an area that will be of significance in the therapeutic treatment of
The Faculty of Science reports serious
problems in research as a result of the matters referred to earlier in this report — lack
of funds to enable younger faculty members to undertake productive work, and a
shortage of adequate facilities for existing
projects. This should not obscure,  how-
Team of UBC scientists, left
to right, John Vincent, Dr.
Robert Morrison and Dr. Don
Lyster, will use facilities at
TRIUMF, the cyclotron located on the UBC campus, to
produce a radioactive isotope
of iodine that will be airlifted
to Canadian hospitals for
diagnostic purposes.
The President's Report 1976-77/21 22/The President's Report 1976-77
ever, the fact that our Faculty of Science is
widely regarded as one of the best in North
America, particularly in such basic areas
as chemistry, physics and the life and
geological sciences. The basic work that is
done in these areas provides the underpinning for further developments in the applied sciences. One measure of the science
faculty's excellence is its ability to attract
significant grants for research and the support of graduate students. Major grants
from the National Research Council to
UBC researchers for 1977-78 included:
$170,000 to a group of five plasma physicists; $62,872 to Prof. Charles McDowell,
head of the Department of Chemistry;
$60,000 to Prof. Neil Towers, of the
Department of Botany; $57,994 to Prof.
Myer Bloom, of the Department of
Physics; and $46,612 to Dr. Peter
Hochachka, of the Department of Zoology.
The TRIUMF cyclotron located on the
UBC campus completed its first full year of
operation as a research facility in 1976-77.
The facility, operated by UBC, Simon
Fraser University and the Universities of
Victoria and Alberta, is a cyclotron
capable of accelerating two simultaneous
beams of protons for research in basic
science, including medium-energy nuclear
physics and chemistry, and applied research in such areas as nuclear fuel and
isotope production. In 1976-77, emphasis
shifted from development to the start of
important research making use of
TRIUMF's many unique capabilities. The
reliability of the operating components
continued to improve, with facility
availability approaching 80 per cent.
In addition to important experiments in
the field of basic science, development continued at TRIUMF in the field of applied
research. Preliminary biomedical experiments were begun that will lead eventually
to the use of the facility as a cancer treatment centre. I have already mentioned the
work of an interdisciplinary group which is
planning to begin production of isotopes
for use in medical diagnosis.
A major change occurred in the source
of funding for TRIUMF in 1976-77. The
Atomic Energy Control Board, which provided funds for the construction and
operation of the facility since the initiation
of design studies in 1965, decided to
discontinue its research-grants program to
concentrate on its regulatory function.
Financial support for TRIUMF now comes
from   the   National   Research   Council.
Grants for operating, capital and experimental purposes totalled $7,763,800 in
the 1976-77 fiscal year. The facility
employs about 165 staff at its main site on
UBC's south campus, and approximately
120 university scientists, some of them
from outside Canada, were associated with
the 1976-77 scientific program.
During the academic year the UBC Botanical Garden reached the halfway mark
in the 10-year development program initiated in 1971 following approval of a
comprehensive plan by the Board of Governors. The 1976-77 program saw completion of five components of the main garden
development adjacent to Thunderbird
Stadium, continued development of the
Marine Drive Garden on the southwest
edge of the campus, installation of many
new plantings in the northern sector of the
campus, and completion of a horticultural
teaching classroom in the garden's administrative centre, formerly the president's house, on Marine Drive. Many of
these projects were supported by government grants.
A major contribution to botanical research was the publication early in 1977 of
Vascular Plants of British Columbia by
Dr. Roy Taylor, the director of the garden,
and Bruce MacBryde. This volume represents the first comprehensive survey of the
more than 2,400 vascular plants of B.C.
and is designed to serve the needs of
research botanists and resource managers
and planners. The inventory has been
adopted by both provincial and federal
government agencies as a standard floristic
reference work for research and technical
information publications. A second major
research program is designed to provide information and techniques that directly
relate to erosion control of the Point Grey
cliffs below the UBC campus. The program, funded by the University and the
provincial government, is experimental
and takes into account the difficult physical factors of the site and the selection of
plants that have soil-binding properties.
The results of this program so far have
been more successful than originally expected with 160,000 square feet of cliff
face covered and 20,000 plants incorporated. The University is grateful to the B.C.
Forest Service for 15,000 trees, provided in
the spring of 1976, for the planting-trial
program. These and other research programs fostered by the garden make it an
important centre for botanical research in western Canada. The garden is also an important community resource and I will
describe this function more fully in the
following section on University activity in
the area of continuing education.
UBC was founded on the premise that it
was a university created to serve the needs
of the entire province. Over the years, our
hopes and expectations in providing educational services in all parts of the province
have not been fully realized. This has not
been the result of unwillingness on the part
of UBC; indeed, I would be hard put to
cite a single case where UBC has not
responded in some way to an expressed
need from a region outside the Vancouver
area. However, we have been faced, over
the years, with a shortage of funds that has
prevented us from doing everything that
we felt was necessary to provide educational opportunities to our citizens. Let me
assure readers of this report that we are
acutely conscious of our responsibilities in
this area and are doing everything possible
to correct the shortcomings of the past.
Perhaps the most significant development in continuing education in the
1976-77 academic year was the release of
the report of the Commission on University
Programs in Non-Metropolitan Areas by
the provincial government. The sole commissioner was Dr. William Winegard, a
former president of the University of
Guelph in Ontario, who was asked by Education Minister Patrick McGeer to advise
"on all matters related to the delivery of
academic and professional programs outside the Vancouver and Victoria metropolitan areas, and academic programs and
their articulation."
In UBC's brief to the commission, we
suggested that any proposal to remedy the
demand for degree proposals outside the
Vancouver and Victoria areas must satisfy
three basic tests: it must substantially increase the opportunities for people resident
in the Interior to complete a degree program; it must be consistent with the
maintenance of traditional University standards of academic excellence; and it must
achieve the first two goals with reasonable
economic efficiency. UBC proposed the es
tablishment of University Centres at each
of the interior regional colleges as the best
means of making degree-level education
available to more people. We proposed
that the centres be operated by one of the
three existing public universities, preferably in co-operation with the regional
colleges. The first priority of each University Centre would be to meet the needs of the
area it served, with emphasis on core or
basic courses that would provide opportunity to acquire the usual, generally accepted academic qualifications.
I would be less than honest if I did not
report to you that there was widespread
disappointment at UBC about the recommendations made by Dr. Winegard in his
report, which was released in September,
1976, the first month of the academic year.
Essentially, he proposed that four University Centres should be established, each
offering a restricted number of degree-
completion programs in arts, science and
education. These centres would be located
in Prince George, Kamloops, Nelson and
Kelowna. At each centre there would be 10
full-time-equivalent faculty, plus various
outreach programs emanating from a
headquarters site in Vernon. Dr. Winegard also recommended that these centres
be set up under the control of Simon Fraser
University and that the programs be offered largely by faculty attached to that
university. The costs of this solution were
estimated at about $8.5 million over five
years for capital purposes and $7.1 million
a year for operating costs.
The question of whether the report's
recommendations would meet the needs of
the citizens of the Interior was the subject
of a report to Senate early in the academic
year. The chairman of the Senate standing
committee on continuing education expressed the opinion that the report seriously underestimates the estimated capital
and operating costs, which are based on a
plan that would not provide the breadth
and quality of program Interior residents
need and want. To offer minimal and
superficial degree programs would be a
disservice to Interior students.
In April, 1977, Dr. McGeer announced
the formation of an Interior Universities
Co-ordinating Council to oversee the
development and delivery of degree programs to the Interior. The council will
report to the Universities Council of B.C.,
which will in turn make recommendations
to   the   provincial   government.   In   the
The President's Report 1976-77/23 24/The President's Report 1976-77
of Revenue and
(Excluding Capital Additions to Endowment, Student Loan and Capital Development
April 1, 1976 to 1
March 31, 1977
For Specific
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
$ 91,988,957
Canada — Museum of
Anthropology Grant
Student Fees
$ 4,352,610
Investment Income
Sponsored or Assisted Research
.    12.2
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
$ 90,626,005
$ 5,643,895
$ 96,269,900
$ 87,016,780
Sponsored or Assisted Research
Student Services
Scholarships and Bursaries
Plant Maintenance
Renovations and Alterations
Ancillary Enterprises
— General Purposes
— Specific Purposes
The President's Report 1976-77/25 Marc Pessin, standing, of
UBC's fine arts department,
was the instructor for UBC's
first credit television course
broadcast in 1976-77 over ca-
blevision stations in three
B.C. centres.
26/The President's Report 1976-77
months following release of the Winegard
report, UBC submitted to the co-ordinating council a proposal in which we signified our readiness to offer degree programs
in arts, education and social work at the
third- and fourth-year levels so that
students who complete two years of work at
a community college would be able to continue their education in the same community. In the summer of 1977, Prof. J.
Lewis Robinson, of our geography department, undertook at my request a series of
meetings with community college councils
in Kelowna, Vernon, Castlegar, Kamloops
and Prince George, where our proposals
were very well received. The task of chairing a committee I have established on Interior programs has now been taken over
by Prof. Ronald Shearer, of the Department of Economics, who is developing
UBC's ideas for Interior programs in consultation with appropriate University
authorities and presenting them to the coordinating council. As the 1976-77
academic year drew to a close, the coordinating council was still engaged in
discussions with representatives of the three
public universities and had not made any
recommendations to the Universities Council.
Our on-going program of continuing education has many facets and there are few
areas of the province that did not feel its
influence in 1976-77.
Overall participation in credit and non-
credit programs sponsored by the Centre
for Continuing Education declined slightly
in the academic year after peaking at over
40,000 persons the previous year. The peak
was largely due to UBC participation in
various activities associated with Habitat,
the U.N. Conference on Human Settlements, which drew more than 3,600 persons to campus events. Centre registrations
in the 1976-77 academic year totalled
33,377 persons and there were some notable increases in participation rates in such
areas as guided independent study — up
17.35 per cent — the Interior Program
based in Vernon, where registrations increased 30 per cent, and the Educational
Travel program, which experienced an increase of 24 per cent. Participation in the
centre's annual Language Institute doubled.
UBC's first credit television course, From
the Pyramids to Picasso, given by Marc
Pessin, of the Department of Fine Arts, was
broadcast during the fall and winter over
cablevision stations in Vancouver, Vernon
and Campbell River. The co-operation of
community cable stations and of Okanagan College and North Island College
made it possible to offer the course on a
broad geographic basis. The course was
followed by 79 persons who registered for
credit and 200 who took it on a non-credit
basis. We know that a substantial number
of persons also watched on a casual basis.
The videotapes of the course are now
available to educational institutions in
B.C. and elsewhere. I have received many
letters from citizens who saw the course
urging the University to expand its offerings by television.
Non-credit programs in professional
continuing education offered by the centre in locations throughout the province
grew by 35 per cent and the Interior program based in the Okanagan attracted
1,300 participants. Interior program director John Edwards, who has his headquarters on the Vernon campus of
Okanagan College, arranged for 42 UBC
faculty members to visit the area during
the program's first 16 months of operation and has inaugurated a lecture series
called the Vernon Institute, which is
modelled on the Vancouver Institute that meets weekly at UBC during the winter
session. The centre hopes to extend
general programming of this nature to
other Interior areas as soon as funds
become available.
The centre's Language Institute received a substantial two-year grant from
the Secretary of State through the provincial Ministry of Education for French
courses for adults. The provincial ministry also provided funds for a pilot television project to teach English to immigrants.
The centre this year took over the organization and administration of the 4th
summer program for retired people. The
31 courses offered attracted 550 participants, including 117 from outside the
metropolitan Vancouver area. An additional 672 senior citizens took advantage
of free general education programs organized by the centre, an increase of nearly
50 per cent over last year. A 1,000-square-
foot, energy-efficient house is currently
under construction in Acadia Camp as
part of a course in self-help housing offered through the centre. The project
was made possible by the co-operation of
the Canadian Self-Help Housing Association, the UBC Housing Department
and the Acadia Tenants Association. The
model house will be occupied by a student family in the fall of 1977.
Programs of continuing education for
practising engineers experimented very
successfully with videotape instruction,
and the centre this year instituted cooperative programs in engineering education with the Universities of Alberta,
Calgary and Regina, sharing expert resource people and reducing the cost to
The professional staff of the centre was
augmented by the appointment of Gail
Riddell as director of programs for retired people. William Oaksford joined
the staff, first as co-ordinator and later as
assistant director of the Reading and
Study Skills Centre, and Ted Rashleigh
served as a consultant on public affairs
for a major part of the year. Eileen Hendry was appointed director of Women in
Management Programs, and Ruth Sigal
is the new co-ordinator of volunteers.
Earlier in this report I mentioned the
research activities of the UBC Botanical
Garden, which also performs a significant public-education function. The garden held a total of 89 classes for nearly
2,000 students representing amateur and
professional groups. Courses included
credit programs for teachers and professional florists and a special program was
initiated in the use of plants in the
rehabilitation of the handicapped. Some
65,000 persons came to the campus to visit
the Nitobe Garden and other areas administered by the Botanical Garden. The
staff of the Botanical Garden participated actively in the Vancouver Home
Show and the Pacific National Exhibition. Each year, garden staff answer
thousands of inquiries from citizens on
the subject of plant growth and care.
Development of the Marine Drive component of the Botanical Garden continued with grants from the Canada
Works program, which permitted the
hiring of five full-time people. This
garden will eventually display one of the
finest collections of rhododendrons, accumulated over the past 15 to 20 years, in
North America.
The garden also initiated a 12-week apprenticeship-training program in aspects
of basic botany. This program will continue in the fall of 1977 with a practical
program of plant documentation and the
care and culture of woody plant materials.
The staff of the Botanical Garden, headed
by Dr. Roy Taylor, continue to develop
new relationships with the business and
professional communities and are to be
congratulated on their efforts.
The Faculty of Education continues to
offer a wide variety of credit and non-
credit programs at UBC and in centres
throughout the province in keeping with its
responsibility to upgrade the quality of
teaching in elementary and secondary
schools. During the academic year, education offered 133 graduate and undergraduate credit courses on campus and 35
undergraduate courses off campus in the
late afternoon and evening. This represents approximately half of the total University offerings of this type. The faculty
also sponsored a number of general conferences attended by approximately 3,700
general and specialized teachers in such
areas as the education of young children,
science education and mathematics education. Activities for administrators included
a short course on policy-making in education organized by the faculty's Department
of Educational Administration, and an international study-travel course that took 20
senior administrators from school systems
The President's Report 1976-77/27 28/The President's Report 1976-77
and ministries of education in five provinces to England and Wales for an intensive look at administrative activities in
those areas.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration attracted more than 7,000
persons to continuing education programs
in such areas as real estate, and diploma
and executive programs on special topics.
Many of the executive program seminars
were held in centres outside Vancouver, including Victoria, Kamloops, Kelowna and
Castlegar. The real estate and diploma
courses offered by the faculty are not short
courses that offer superficial treatment of
various topics. The shortest of these programs is a 14-week pre-licensing course for
real estate salesmen and the longest is a
diploma program for certified general accountants that can last up to five years.
Enrolments in most of these programs are
in excess of 250 students.
Another active program area is the Division of Continuing Education in the Health
Sciences, which is part of the Office of the
Co-ordinator of Health Sciences. In 1976-
77, the division offered 154 courses and
lectures which were attended by 8,515
health professionals, an increase of more
than 2,000 over last year. In addition to
providing courses on specialized topics for
doctors, dentists, nutritionists, nurses,
pharmacists and rehabilitation specialists,
the division fosters interprofessional
learning among two or more health professions. Five such courses were held in
1976-77 with a total registration of 819. In
this same area, more emphasis has been
placed on the development of slide-tape
teaching packages for use in smaller communities in B.C. One of these programs
developed at UBC on diabetes has been
sold to more than 100 North American
The 1976-77 academic year marked the
conclusion of a six-year project co-ordinated by the Division of Continuing Education in the Health Sciences with funds
provided by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation. The foundation provided $335,000 to
aid in the training of specialists in continuing education in the health sciences. The
goal of the project was to improve the
quality of health care by training experts to
direct and staff continuing education programs within institutions and organizations
in the community and to encourage interprofessional and interdisciplinary efforts in
the health sciences. During the term of the
project, 58 health professionals representing 13 professions enrolled for graduate
study programs in adult education in the
Faculty of Education. The students also
took courses in other UBC departments,
enrolled for directed study courses that
allowed them to explore areas of particular
interest to them, and were involved in field
experiences in one of three major areas —
program design and management, administration, and applied research. During the
life of the project, the 58 health professionals enrolled in various programs — 32
as full-time students and 26 on a part-time
basis. A total of 21 W. K. Kellogg Foundation fellowships valued at more than
$109,000 were provided for full-time
The effects of the program have been
widespread. A World Health Organization
report on continuing education makes
specific reference to the Kellogg project
and cites several of the reports produced
during the life of the project, many of
which are in continuing demand. Most important of all, perhaps, is the fact that
many students and graduates of the program hold responsible and influential positions in the field of health care education
in community organizations and hospitals,
and an innovative project for training interprofessional teams to work with healthcare trustees is being introduced in another
Canadian province. It is my hope that
funds will be available to continue some
aspects of the program developed during
the term of the Kellogg grant.
An aspect of the University's continuing
education function that is often ignored is
the incredible range and variety of cultural
activities and lectures and other events that
are available to the public, most of them
free of charge. It is extremely difficult to
obtain accurate figures on the number of
people that attend these events, but we
estimate that in the past year some 26,000
people attended 11 plays staged on the
campus, that 9,000 persons came to the
campus for seven art exhibits, that 22,500
visitors attended 150 musical recitals, and
that more than 20,000 people listened to
1,000 public lectures given by our own
faculty and distinguished visitors. In addition, the general public has continuing use
of campus athletic facilities for team sports
and other forms of recreation. Many of the
activities mentioned above are arranged
and administered through the voluntary
and unpaid assistance of students, faculty members and employed staff. The University and the public owe them a debt of
gratitude for their efforts in making the
resources of UBC available to the public.
It should be obvious from what I have
written in this section of my report that
UBC is making every effort within its
power to fulfill the mandate that was given
to it when it was founded, namely, to make
its presence felt throughout the province. I
can accept the criticism that our efforts in
continuing education are thin in some
areas of the province. If we are given the
resources, those deficiencies will be corrected. What I cannot accept is the charge
that we are not conscious of our deficiencies and are unwilling to meet our obligations. On the contrary, I believe that we
have accomplished a great deal with very
limited resources.
financing and
new buildings
In my report to you last year, I described
the changes that had taken place in the
method of financing capital projects at
universities. The new B.C. Educational Institutions Financing Authority Act, passed
at the spring, 1976, session of the provincial legislature, provides for the funding of
projects through a new government hor-
rowing authority, with the government
guaranteeing the repayment and amortization costs. The government advises the
universities annually of the amount of
money to be requested in their operating
budgets to retire the borrowed funds.
So far, UBC has received authority to
borrow a total of $3,680,500 for two campus buildings — a new processing centre
for the library to be built at a cost of
$2,680,500, and $1,000,000 to enable construction to continue on the new Aquatic
Centre. In February, 1977, the University
submitted to the Universities Council a
five-year building program totalling approximately $145 million. So far, we have
received no word about the fate of these
The lack of funds for capital development and planning has a serious effect on
the University's academic program. It is
impossible to proceed with the expansion
of existing programs or to initiate new ones
if the necessary physical facilities are lacking. I fully concede that the request for
$145 million represents a very substantial
sum. However, I can only reiterate a theme
that has appeared in innumerable president's reports; we have a large backlog of
unmet building needs, so great, in fact,
that many important aspects of UBC's
academic endeavors are still housed in
about 100 old army huts that were brought
to the campus after the Second World
War. I am hopeful that we will receive permission to borrow the funds required to
proceed with our capital proposals.
During the academic year four major
buildings were completed and opened:
The George F. Curtis Building for the
Faculty of Law; the new north wing to the
Biological Sciences Building; the new Civil
and Mechanical Engineering Building;
and the Dr. Harry Purdy Extended Care
Unit in the campus Health Sciences Centre.
THE GEORGE F. CURTIS BUILDING. The new building for the Faculty of
Law was officially opened on September
17, 1976, by Right Hon. Bora Laskin,
P.C., chief justice of the Supreme Court of
Canada. Appropriately, the building is
named for the founding dean of the faculty, which enrolled its first students in 1945,
who oversaw its development and growth
until his retirement in 1971.
Each year, UBC facilities are
used for a wide range of cultural activities and lectures,
including the Saturday-night
series sponsored by the Vancouver Institute, above, which
has met on the campus for
more than 60 years.
The President's Report 1976-77/29 30/The President's Report 1976-77
George Curtis began his deanship even
before the first building to house his
students and faculty arrived on campus.
Initially, the faculty was housed in old army huts, as were other new academic units
in those days, and it was not until 1951 that
a building was finished to house the rapidly
growing faculty. By the mid-1960s the
need for additional space had become
amost desperate. The new building is
basically an extension of the existing Faculty of Law Building and is designed to accommodate a 160,000-volume library, 700
students and 50 faculty members. The existing building was converted to house a
moot courtroom and seminar rooms and
classrooms. The addition includes a self-
contained three-storey library, a combination classroom-administration area, and
additional classrooms. The existing building and its addition are linked by a lounge
area designed to promote interaction between students and faculty members.
The new law building cost $3.8 million,
$500,000 of which was raised by a committee chaired by two of the faculty's most
distinguished graduates, Mr. Robert W.
Bonner, Q,.C, and Mr. Justice A. B. B.
Carrothers. The success of the fund drive
was as much a tribute to George Curtis as it
was symbolic of the close ties that exist between the University and the profession.
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES BUILDING. The new north wing to the Biological
Sciences Building was completed and occupied in the latter months of the 1976-77
academic year. The new wing provides the
Departments of Botany and Zoology with a
vastly improved setting in which to offer
laboratory instruction in popular first-year
courses. The Department of Botany has
been able to consolidate several of its
research activities in the- new wing and
better-equipped and more efficient space is
now available to house electron microscope
facilities which are intensively used by
botanists and zoologists. The new wing also
houses the office of the faculty's dean, Dr.
George Volkoff, and his associates. Formerly, the office of the science dean was
located in a somewhat inaccessible converted army hut located some distance
from the basic sciences buildings.
of a new building to house the Departments of Civil and Mechanical Engineering
was a significant event in a process that
began 15 years earlier when the University
announced that it would construct a complex for the various departments of the
Faculty of Applied Science on a site centred on the intersection of the Main Mall
and Stores Road. Since 1960, buildings to
house the Departments of Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and
Metallurgy, and laboratories for the civil
and mechanical engineering departments
have been built on this site. The new $6.7
million building to house the two departments is linked to the laboratory facilities,
built in 1972, by a skywalk.
Hon. Patrick McGeer, the provincial
minister of education, officially opened the
new building on May 12, 1977. It contains
seven classrooms of varying size, 26
laboratories for the two departments, and
offices for 45 faculty members. The departments share common library-reading
room and computer facilities.
In the Department of Civil Engineering,
new and well-equipped laboratories will
enable researchers to carry out earthquake
investigations not previously possible, activities in the field of ocean engineering
will expand, and excellent facilities are
provided for the program in timber engineering. This department has also greatly
expanded its work in environmental engineering in recent years and the new
laboratories will permit it to explore new
approaches to problems in this area. The
Mechanical Engineering section of the
building has a well-equipped undergraduate laboratory for instruction in the
basic principles of energy and power, a
machine shop acquaints students with the
physical processes of manufacture and permits construction of research apparatus,
and new laboratories are provided for
teaching machine design, mechanics of
materials and mechanical vibration analysis. Faculty members in this department
are now better equipped to continue research in such areas as solar and wind
energy, aerodynamics, biomedical engineering, and studies on friction and wear.
The University paid tribute at the opening ceremony to Mr. E. C. Hurd, chairman
of Transmountain Pipeline Co., and Mr.
Trevor Pilley, president of the Bank of
B.C., who served as co-chairmen of a fund-
raising committee that raised $700,000 to
aid construction of the Civil and Mechanical Engineering Building and additions to
the Henry Angus Building for the Faculty
of Commerce and Business Administration, which were opened last year. The response to the University's appeal again
indicates the close ties that exist between
the University and the business and professional engineering community.
UNIT. On July 12, 1977, Hon. Robert
McClelland, B.C.'s minister of health, officially opened the new Dr. Harry Purdy
Extended Care Unit in the campus Health
Sciences Centre. The following day the
first patients were admitted to the 300-bed
unit, which differs from other community-
care hospitals of this type in that it includes
facilities for teaching and research. The
unit cost just over $11.1 million and was
built by the Greater Vancouver Regional
Hospital District with funds provided by
the provincial government.
The new unit is a part of our developing
Health Sciences Centre, which is made up
of the faculties and schools that prepare
health science professionals for careers in
the health field. The centre also includes
the campus hospital units and health centres that serve as teaching laboratories and
provide health services to the public. The
Faculties of Medicine, Dentistry and
Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Schools
of Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine
make up the core of the Health Sciences
Centre and are concentrated on the northeastern edge of the campus surrounding
the health sciences administration building, the P.A. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre. This building serves the
core faculties and schools as an administrative base and also provides lecture and
seminar rooms for most of the teaching in
the health science disciplines. Increasingly,
students from other UBC schools and departments — home economics, social work
and psychology are examples — are being
drawn into the centre's educational program.
The campus hospital facilities are made
up of the 60-bed Psychiatric Unit, which
has been in operation for a number of
years, and the extended care unit. When
the acute care unit now under construction
is completed, all the major buildings envisaged in the original plan for the Health
Sciences Centre will be in place. We anticipate that funds will also be provided to
construct teaching facilities for the Schools
of Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine.
The co-ordinator, Health Sciences,
serves as a mechanism to bring these various separate academic units and service-
hospital units together to co-ordinate activities as they relate to each other and as
their common interests in the education of
health professionals require. The Health
Sciences Co-ordinating Committee chaired
by the co-ordinator includes the deans and
directors of all the health sciences schools,
the hospital administrator and the executive directors of five Vancouver hospitals
affiliated with the UBC medical school.
This arrangement ensures a forum for discussion of the teaching responsibilities expected of these hospitals for the students of
the health sciences faculties and schools. I
mention these arrangements because they
serve to indicate the complexities faced by
the University in ensuring that the best
possible educational opportunities are
available to students in the health sciences.
The Dr.  Harry Purdy Extended Care
The new 300-bed Dr. Harry
Purdy Extended Care Unit in
the campus Health Sciences
Centre admitted its first patients in July, 1977. The
building also includes extensive teaching and research
The President's Report 1976-77/31 32/The President's Report 1976-77
Unit is unique because it is the only
hospital in Canada in a medical teaching
complex that combines care, teaching, and
research for the long-term treatment of
disease, which is emerging as one of the
major problems in health care. The University was able to reduce substantially the
costs of constructing the unit by utilizing
the same basic plans for the Banfield extended care unit opened in the early 1970s
at the Vancouver General Hospital. The
only significant revision was the addition of
a teaching and research wing on the north
side of the UBC hospital.
The patients we admit to the hospital
will have long-term problems involving
chronic conditions and diseases. The majority, but by no means all, will be elderly.
Some beds will also be available for middle-aged and young people suffering from
chronic diseases such as multiple sclerosis,
Parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy. Patient care in the new unit will be provided
by a team of medical experts in keeping
with the interdisciplinary approach to
health care that is being fostered in the
health sciences centre. The treatment team
will include physicians, nurses, rehabilitation specialists, pharmacists, dieticians and
social workers, each of whom will take part
in the development of a treatment program for each of the patients. Initially, the
University agreed to open the hospital as a
service unit, but it was assumed from the
beginning that we would receive funds to
develop a research and teaching program
as well. These latter aspects of the hospital's function is what makes it unique. It
promises to become a major training facility for health professionals in all the
disciplines encompassed in the Health
Sciences Centre and a centre for research
and the dissemination of knowledge in the
care and management of chronic disease
The discipline of gerontology, which
deals with the phenomenon and the problems of aging, promises to become one of
the most rapidly growing areas of study in
Canada. This reflects the fact that in the
next 50 years there will be a dramatic increase in the absolute and proportionate
number of elderly people in the Canadian
population. This is the result of a number
of factors, the two chief ones being that
people are living longer as the result of advances in medical care, and the fact that
the so-called "baby-boom" in the 20 years
after the Second World War was followed
by a dramatic decline in birth rates. As one
federal government study puts it: "As surely as the rivers flow to the sea, the population in Canada aged 65 and over will grow
from 1.7 million in 1971 to 3.3 million in
2001." And it is estimated that by the year
2031, 20 per cent of Canada's population
will be aged 65 or over.
The opening of the Dr. Harry Purdy Extended Care Unit at UBC is only one response by UBC to the anticipated problems
of an aging population. Scattered throughout the University are a substantial number
of teachers and researchers who have made
a start on programs in the field of gerontology. UBC staged its first conference on
the needs and problems of the aging in
1957 as a joint effort of our then Extension
Department (now the Centre for Continuing Education) and the United Appeal.
Marjorie Smith, a long-time member of
the centre's staff, has fostered professional
educational programs for professionals and
others who work with the elderly. Over a
period of years, faculty members in social
work, psychology, home economics, commerce and business administration, and in
various health sciences departments have
engendered interest in gerontological
studies among their colleagues and in the
student body.
In this academic year, I asked Prof. Roy
Rogers, head of the School of Home Economics, to chair a reconstituted committee
made up of people who have an interest in
gerontology with a view to advising me on
avenues that the University might take to
participate in teaching and research in this
rapidly growing discipline. The Mr. and
Mrs. P. A. Woodward's Foundation has
provided a grant of $12,000 to enable the
committee to appoint Dr. Gloria Gutman,
of the psychology department, as a part-
time research associate. She will undertake
a survey of gerontological studies going on
at UBC and in other B.C. educational institutions and investigate models followed
at other universities that might be used
here for furthering such studies. I am
hopeful that we will be able to provide
strong leadership in developing a teaching
and research capability in this field.
The move by the Departments of Civil
and Mechanical Engineering to new quarters meant that space became available in
the Civil Engineering Building on the
north campus to permit expansion and upgrading of facilities for the Computing
Centre, which houses one of the most ad- vanced computers in Canada. The Board
of Governors also approved a change of
name for the building to the Computer
Sciences Building. Renovations were completed during the academic year to provide
improved facilities for the Computing Centre, which has centralized its staff on the
fourth floor of the building. The Department of Computer Science in the Faculty
of Science occupies the second and third
floors, while the basement floor has been
improved to provide more space for users
of the computer.
Early in December, 1976, the minister of
state for fitness and amateur sport in the
federal government, Hon. Iona Campag-
nola, announced a gift of $435,000 to the
University to aid construction of the new
Aquatic Centre. The money came from a
fund to enable universities to bring athletic
facilities up to international standards of
competition. The gift will be applied to
Stage 2 of the project, which is expected to
be complete in 1978. Stage 1 of the centre
was accepted by the Board as being substantially complete in July, 1977.
Two other notable gifts to the University
in the academic year came from the Devonian Foundation of Calgary, which provided $115,000 for completion of the
theatre gallery in the Museum of Anthropology, and $1,500 to finance a feasibility
study for the relocation of buildings and
totem poles in Totem Park to a new site adjacent to the museum.
It seems appropriate here to describe the
steps taken by the University to prepare
and submit a position paper on the University Endowment Lands to the task force appointed by the provincial government to
make recommendations on the future of
this area, which lies between the campus
proper and the City of Vancouver. The
position paper prepared by the University
and submitted to the task force early in
December, 1976, was based on a report
prepared by a committee chaired by Prof.
Peter Larkin, dean of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies. The committee represented all segments of the University community, including faculty, students, staff
and alumni.
The University recommended that most
of the undeveloped portion of the lands be
preserved as a natural park area, a suggestion that was in harmony with the views expressed by the public at a series of forums
sponsored by the task force during the
academic year. We also asked the provin
cial government to make a clear declaration that the lands are not to be developed
as an endowment for the University, but
rather are to be managed for the benefit of
the citizens of B.C.
A number of studies carried out previously by faculty members and graduate
students at UBC clearly indicated that the
Endowment Lands were a valuable teaching and research resource for various
University departments and faculties. Accordingly, we recommended to the task
force that a significant portion of the lands
be retained as a teaching and research
facility with provision for agricultural,
forestry and ecological demonstration
We also recommended that University
land-holdings be increased by 300 acres at
an appropriate future date in a manner
that would not injure the concept of a
natural park, and that the University be
strongly represented on a future board of
management for the lands.
The report of the task force was not
completed during the 1976-77 academic
year and its recommendations therefore
fall outside the time frame of this report.
The University
Inflation and the sudden decline in
value of the Canadian dollar on the international money market combined to worsen an already difficult situation faced by
the University Library in the task of maintaining and enhancing book and journal
collections for the use of students, faculty,
and the general public. And this despite
the fact that the Library has received
substantial increases in recent years for its
acquisitions program.
The Library spent $1,954,121 on collections development and $154,043 on binding, for a total of $2,108,164 in the
1976-77 fiscal year. Comparable totals for
the two previous fiscal years were
$1,629,797 in 1974-75 and $1,885,287 in
1975-76. Yet the number of volumes added
to the collection dropped from 96,258 in
1974-75 to 92,843 in 1976-77, despite the
substantial increase in spending. Journals
continued to demand a large share of the
collections budget, although more than
1,000 subscriptions were cancelled in 1976.
The price of these essential publications increased by 9 per cent in 1976-77. The cost
The President's Report 1976-77/33 Space problems, inflation and
the decline in value of the
Canadian dollar have combined to create problems for
the University Library in
maintaining and enhancing
its collection of books and
34/The President's Report 1976-77
of books purchased for the Library system
in 1976-77 increased by more than 21 per
cent over the previous year.
It seems unlikely that these trends will be
reversed or even moderated. It seems likely
that by the end of the 1977-78 fiscal year
the combined effect of inflation and an adverse exchange rate will have reduced the
purchasing power of the Library's collections budget by 25 per cent in a single year.
The University Librarian, Mr. Basil
Stuart-Stubbs, and a number of deans, in
their reports to me on the 1976-77 academic year, have pointed out that this
decline in purchasing power can only have
serious long-term effects on the University's
academic program and the Library's ability to meet the needs of all its users.
Another major concern is that some Library facilities are running out of space.
Indicative of the problem in the Main
Library is the fact that the number of
books that had to be placed in storage, and
are therefore not immediately available to
users, doubled from 75,000 to 150,000 in
1976-77. It appears inevitable that even
greater numbers of books will have to be
removed from open shelves and placed in
storage in the future. Projects that would
help to relieve overcrowding in the Main
Library did not advance during the academic year because of a capital-fund shortage. The Asian Centre, designed to house
our Asian Studies collection, one of the
finest in the world, remains incomplete,
and expansion of the Neville Scarfe
Building for the Faculty of Education, intended to include the Curriculum Library
and 30,000 volumes from the Main Library, has not proceeded beyond the
preliminary planning stage.
No substantial library space projects are
in view with the exception of the new Library Processing Centre, which will house
the division that orders, receives, catalogues and shelves everything that is
available for use in the Library system.
This will provide some additional space in
the Main Library, but not all of it will be
available for book shelving, since other
Library divisions, currently housed in substandard accommodation, will take over
some of the area vacated by the processing
Other notable developments in the Library system during the academic year included: the start of a major project to
place on microfiche the book and journal
location file to control the growth and cost
of maintaining card catalogues; changes
in loan regulations designed to maintain
services to UBC Library users both on and
off the campus; extension of book security
services; and participation in several projects funded by the provincial Ministry of
Education intended to extend the book collections of the three public universities to
the colleges of the province.
I cannot emphasize too strongly in this
section of my report dealing with the UBC
Library system that it is a provincial and
national resource that is called on daily to
meet the needs of our students and faculty
as well as specialized groups and the
general public in all parts of Canada. If
our increasingly difficult financial situation continues, this national resource will
be further eroded and its value to users will
inevitably decline further. As I remarked
last year in my annual report, the Library
represents in microcosm most of the dilemmas faced by the University as a whole in
coping with inflation and shortfalls in
operating funds. Despite these problems,
Mr. Stuart-Stubbs and his staff of professional librarians and the employed staff of
the Library are to be congratulated on the
quality of service they are able to maintain
in the face of grave difficulties. A total of 31,364 enrolled for credit programs offered by the University during the
1976-77 academic year — the 12-month
period from September 1, 1976, to August
31, 1977. This total was made up of 23,120
students registered for the regular daytime
winter session; 1,215 in extra-sessional
courses offered during the winter session;
2,110 registered in the spring session which
runs from May to July; 3,987 registered in
the 1977 summer session; and 932 who
were registered for correspondence courses
administered by the Centre for Continuing
I should add here that for some reporting purposes — to the Universities Council,
for example — the University's official
enrolment figures are based on the fiscal
year, the 12-month period from April 1,
1976, to March 31, 1977. Looked at on this
basis, the University's 1976-77 enrolment
was 31,557 students, made up of 23,120
enrolled in the regular daytime winter session; 1,215 extra-sessional winter session
students; 2,145 spring session students;
4,145 registered for the 1976 summer session; and 932 who studied by correspondence. The total represents a 2.6 per cent
increase in student registration over the
1975-76 fiscal year.
One of the highlights of the University's
daytime winter session enrolment is the
percentage of women in the first-year class.
For the first time inEUBC's history, women
outnumbered men 51.8 per cent to 48.2
per cent in a total first-year class of 3,560
students who entered the Faculties of Agricultural Sciences, Arts, Education and
Science. Men are still in a majority in terms
of our overall enrolment, 56.4 per cent to
43.6 percent.
Looked at over the past five years, enrolment totals by sex show a steady increase in
the number of women students. In 1971-
72, women made up 46.3 per cent of the
entering class and 38.2 per cent of the total
enrolment. Over the same five-year period,
the number of undergraduate women rose
by 5 per cent from 40.5 to 44.5 and the
number of women in graduate studies increased by nearly 10 percentage points
from 24.3 to 33.1 Women are much more
evident today in our professional schools.
In 1971-72, women represented 7.6 per
cent of the enrolment in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration;
today they are 18.2 per cent of the total.
Over five years, female enrolment in Law
has more than tripled from 8.4 to 25.9 per
cent of the total. In Forestry, the comparable percentages are 1.4 and 13.2, and
in Science 19.6 and 27.8. In the Faculty of
Arts — historically the largest of UBC's 12
faculties — the percentage of women has
increased from 49.7 to 57.8 in the same
five-year period.
Our undergraduate enrolment was down
very slightly in 1976-77 from 19,933 to
19,879. This was more than offset by an increase at the graduate level, where enrolments were up from 2,759 in 1975-76 to
2,918 this year. In general, undergraduate
enrolments held their own. The only faculties that showed significant increases were
Commerce and Business Administration,
which was up 9 per cent, and Applied
Science, where engineering programs recorded a 7 per cent increase as the result of
an expanding first-year class.
It should be emphasized here that over
the past five years, while there have been
significant shifts in the internal enrolment
pattern of the University to career or job-
oriented degree programs, these shifts have
not been at the expense of the basic arts
and science programs, which have generally held their own in this same period in
terms of enrolment.
UBC has entered a period of virtually
stable enrolment, a situation that raises
some very special problems for the University.
The period of rapid growth experienced
by the University in the 1950s and the
1960s inevitably resulted in wide variations
in quality and stages of development in our
many academic programs. Some departments have achieved a worldwide reputation for excellence, some are in the early
stages of development, a few are barely
adequate. Our goal must be to strengthen
those departments and other academic
units that require it, but not at the expense
of the excellent ones.
I mentioned earlier that one of our major problems lay in the fact that some 85
per cent of our available operating grants
are tied up in salaries for our faculty and
staff. The inevitable result of this situation
is that we lack flexibility in reallocating our
resources to meet the conditions imposed
by a situation where our enrolment is vir-
The President's Report 1976-77/35 36/The President's Report 1976-77
tually stable. Without this flexibility, it
becomes increasingly difficult to strengthen and increase the breadth of the University's academic offerings and to respond to
changing conditions in society or in the
world of learning.
A related problem is the one referred to
as the "aging professoriate." The problem
has been well documented; in brief, of the
approximately 30,500 full-time professors
employed in Canadian universities in 1975-
76, 81 per cent were between 30 and 54
years of age and 90 per cent were younger
than 55. At UBC, as of March, 1977,
about 80 per cent of the faculty were between 30 and 54 years of age and 85 per
cent were younger than 55.
There are two important results to this
situation: salary costs per faculty member
increase as a higher proportion of the
teaching staff moves into higher ranks;
and few new teaching positions are open to
able young teachers and researchers, the
very people who will be needed in senior
positions 20 to 30 years from now. In the
long run, the phenomenon of an aging
professoriate could have a detrimental effect on creativity and productivity within
the University. Ultimately, the losers will
be our students, who have a right to expect
the best education that can be provided by
the best minds available.
Solutions to the problems stated above
will not be easy to find or to implement.
We are examining policies that hold out at
least partial solutions to these dilemmas,
including assessment of the most effective
use of funds released by retirement, resignation or death of senior teaching and
research staff; examination of schemes for
early voluntary retirement or moving faculty into part-time positions; and the
possibility of maintaining a proportion of
departmental and faculty salary budgets
for short-term, untenured appointments.
There are possible penalties for such
policies, the chief one being that the best
products of graduate schools are not likely
to be attracted to teaching and research
positions that do not hold out the prospect
of permanent, tenured employment.
Our goal must be to ensure that our students are part of a community of scholars
concerned with the acquisition, creation,
dissemination and application of knowledge for its own sake, to stimulate the intellectual development of society and to
contribute to the solution of the problems
that confront mankind. Much of the Uni
versity's reputation rests on the quality of
its graduates, which is a function of its
teaching quality and the imposition of
rigorous standards of certification for the
awarding of degrees. I am not being
alarmist when I say that the threat of
frozen operating grants resulting from inflation and a false sense of economy on the
part of governments can have only one
long-range effect — a decline in the quality of the education we provide for the
young people of the province and the nation.
The monitoring of academic standards,
which the University has carried out from
its earliest beginnings, continued in the
academic year under the watchful eye of
the Senate committee on admissions. As a
result of a more rigorous scrutiny of the
standings of grade 12 applicants seeking
admission to UBC in the summer of 1976,
our 1976-77 class of first-year students performed better academically than the previous year's class. The failure and
withdrawal rate of the entering class
dropped and the percentage obtaining full
credit in their academic work increased.
The percentage of first-year students
failing or withdrawing dropped to 13.5 per
cent from 17.7 per cent in 1975-76, and
the percentage obtaining full credit rose to
56.7 per cent from 53.2 per cent. This
scrutiny continued in the summer of 1977
for grade 12 students seeking admission for
the 1977-78 winter session.
During the academic year the University
continued its attempts to make campus life
easier for handicapped students. A permanent committee on the concerns of handicapped students was established and held a
number of public meetings during the
year. An inventory of campus buildings
was conducted with a view to listing the advantages and shortcomings of each for
handicapped students. Our Office of Student Services has appointed one of its
counsellors as an advisor to the handicapped and a special day of orientation
was held for this group of students prior to
the opening of the 1977-78 winter session.
Funds were earmarked in the academic
year to create ramps at curbs throughout
the University to make it easier for students
in wheelchairs or those who are blind and
partially sighted to move between buildings. Every effort is being made to remove
barriers to higher education for these
Dean Margaret Fulton, who heads the Office of the Dean of Women, continued
her efforts to encourage and assist women
students to achieve their full potential at
the University through counselling services
of a personal, academic, financial, social
or career nature. Dean Fulton and her colleagues encourage women students to take
an active part in campus life in co-operation with other appropriate University
bodies and groups. In the academic year,
the Dean of Women's Office planned a
series of career workshops for the 1977-78
winter session for women interested in
entering professional schools such as
engineering and forestry. In addition, the
office has been active in arranging a series
of cultural events and special lectures that
have enriched campus life for all students.
UBC students continued to win their
share of awards for achievements in various
fields in 1976-77, and I take this opportunity to record those that were publicly
announced or reported to me by the deans
of various University faculties.
Two engineering students, Peter van der
Gracht and Konrad Mauch, were awarded
second prize in an international contest
sponsored by an American magazine and a
microcomputer manufacturer. The students, who are members of a team of applied science students who are constructing
an electric car, submitted a proposal for
the application of a microcomputer to
monitor and control the functioning of the
engine in the vehicle. The contest attracted
entries from all over the world from students, professors, consultants and practising engineers. The students' prize was a
microcomputer development system
valued at $4,000.
Students in UBC's Department of Classics won all the prizes in Latin and Greek
sight-reading contests sponsored by the
Classical Association of Canada. Some 50
top students in a dozen Canadian universities participated in the annual competitions. The following fourth-year students
were the chief prizewinners: Eric Csapo,
Nigel Kennell, Meg Miller and Lindsay
Gail McBride, a graduating student in
the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, won
the Undergraduate Research Award of the
Canadian Institute of Food Science and
Technology and the U.S. Institute of Food
In the Faculty of Applied Science, the
student chapter of the Society of Automotive Engineers received the society's student
chapter award for their activities in
Four students in the Department of
Creative Writing in the Faculty of Arts
received awards in various competitions.
David Jones, an undergraduate, was an
award winner in the National College
Writing Competition sponsored by the
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; An-
neliese Schultz, a graduate student in the
program leading to the Master of Fine Arts
degree was the first-prize winner in the
1976 Chatterley magazine fiction contest;
Joseph Fuller, another M.F.A. student, received the Fletcher Cross Memorial Award
from the Pacific Northwest Writers' Conference; and yet another M.F.A. student,
David Evanier, received the Paris Review
award for the best short story of the year.
Peter D. Fairey, a graduating student in
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, was the winner of the 1977
Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford University.
Four Arts students who are studying
filmmaking in the UBC theatre department were honored in 1976-77. Sturla
Gunnarson received the Norman McLaren
Grand Prize in the Canadian Student Film
Festival; other winners in the same film
festival were Michael McGee for the best
experimental film, and Anthony South-
gate, for the best screenplay; Rob Gibbs
Engineering students Konrad
Mauch, left, and Peter van
der Gracht won a $4,000 microcomputer development system in an international
contest sponsored by an
American magazine and a microcomputer manufacturer.
The President's Report 1976-77/37 38/The President's Report 1976-77
was the winner of the overall prize and
University prize in the B.C. Student Film
A graduate student working on his doctorate in the Centre for Transportation
Studies, Tae Oum, was awarded first prize
by the Transportation Research Forum in
a contest open to all students in North
American universities.
Linda Brown, a 1977 graduate of the
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, received the E. L. Woods Memorial Award
in a national competition based on an
undergraduate research project carried out
under the direction of a member of the
Too numerous to mention are the students who received awards in the form of
scholarships and fellowships from national
and local organizations in recognition of
high standards of academic achievement.
UBC students have always done extremely
well in these national and provincial competitions and I know that our faculty and
students join me in congratulating them.
In a later section of this report dealing
with our annual Congregation for the
awarding of academic and honorary degrees, I have listed the heads of the 1977
graduating classes, who are also to be congratulated on their achievements. The
Governor-General's Gold Medal was
awarded to Ivor Ladd, an honors student
in computer science, who led the graduating classes for the Bachelor of Arts and
Bachelor of Science degrees. For the first
time at UBC, a woman led the graduating
class in the Faculty of Forestry. Mary Suttie
was awarded the Canadian Institute of
Forestry Medal for the graduating student
with the best all-around record in all years
of the program leading to the degree of
Bachelor of Science in Forestry.
In terms of public service provided by
the University and its faculty and students
in the academic year, I am faced with an
embarrassment of riches. The deans of the
faculties, in their reports to me, listed
innumerable projects and other forms of
involvement by faculty members and students in the activities of local, provincial,
national and international organizations.
And I wish to emphasize here that much of
this activity on the part of faculty members
is   entirely   voluntary   and   involves   no
remuneration of any kind. Our faculty
undertake assignments with professional
and community organizations because of
their accumulated expertise and their sense
of duty to their profession and the community at large. Space does not permit me
to list all the services provided in the
1976-77 academic year. The following
selection of activities by faculty and
students will serve to indicate the breadth
and scope of involvement.
members of the faculty were involved in international projects, including service in
Cuba, Barbados and Tanzania. Prof.
Beryl March, of the division of poultry
science, serves on the governing body of the
National Research Council. Prof. W. D.
Powrie, head of the division of food
science, was a member of a provincial advisory committee for the control of milfoil
in the Okanagan Lake system and was a
member of the provincial royal commission
of inquiry into the use of pesticides and
herbicides. Contact with the general public
is encouraged through such avenues as exhibits at agricultural fairs; students and
faculty members provided free advice and
assistance to the public on the subjects of
plants and food on a year-round basis; and
faculty members took part in 13 off-
campus continuing education courses and
delivered 15 lectures to non-academic,
professional groups.
ARTS. I have already mentioned the
substantial public service rendered
through the Museum of Anthropology, the
Fine Arts Gallery and the Frederic Wood
Theatre. Other notable examples of professional public service include: the report
of the Royal Commission on Forest Resources in B.C. prepared by Prof. Peter
Pearse, of the Department of Economics;
the recording of works in French and
English for UBC's Crane Library for the
blind by students in the French department; service on the B.C. Marine Training Council by Prof. John Chapman, of the
Department of Geography; research projects for the B.C. Civil Liberties Association by students in the philosophy
department; and the appointment of Dr.
Christiane McNiven, of the School of
Social Work, to head a task force on the
status of women in social work education.
APPLIED SCIENCE. Members of the
Department of Mineral Engineering continued their role as the prime contributors
to an interdisciplinary team of UBC and University of Victoria experts assembled to
oversee the monitoring of the discharge of
mine wastes into the sea at the north end
of Vancouver Island. The faculty also received significant grants under the summer
employment program sponsored by the
provincial government to provide support
to students who work in association with
faculty members on a variety of problems,
including pollution. Faculty members and
graduate students continued to co-operate
with experts in the Faculty of Medicine in
the development of an artificial kidney
machine and artificial limbs. In the School
of Nursing, Miss Sue Rothwell took office
as president of the Registered Nurses Association of B.C.
COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. Public service included: the appointment of Profs. M. A.
Goldberg and S. W. Hamilton as advisors
to the federal-provincial task force on the
supply and price of serviced residential
land; the appointment of Prof. R. C.
Goldstein as a member of the special committee on the right of privacy of the
American Federation of Information Processing Societies; a series of public
seminars on the Labor Code of B.C. conducted by Prof. Ralph Loffmark for 600
attendees; and the involvement of seven
faculty members and 15 students in the
Small Business Advisory Program for the
fourth consecutive year. In addition, five
members of the faculty were responsible
for the organization of major conferences
held at UBC on discrete optimization, dynamic programming, and applied operations research.
DENTISTRY. Faculty members and
students make a major contribution to
dental care and health education for citizens and school children in the Lower
Mainland through the summer dental
clinic and in off-campus centres. The services provided on and off the campus are
free. A number of faculty members sit on
committees at the national level of the
Canadian Dental Association. Mrs. Joan
Voris, of the Department of Public and
Community Dental Health, was elected
president of the B.C. Dental Hygienists'
Association and, with Ms. Wendy Halow-
ski, was seconded to the provincial Department of Education in the summer of 1977
to draw up instructional packages for the
training of dental auxiliaries. Mrs. Marjorie Dimitri, of the dental hygiene program, serves as editor of the journal of the
Canadian Hygienists' Association and received honorable mention in the Golden
Pen Award for excellence in dental literature.
EDUCATION. In addition to participating in workshops for practising
teachers, members of the Faculty of
Education were major contributors to or
the organizers of a number of important
conferences on the social responsibility of
the professional educator, the education of
children, and science and mathematics
education. Student projects included production of a variety of visual aids on native
Indian culture, a project that was participated in by 15 native Indians; and an
event entitled "Physics Olympics," entered
by 200 students from 21 secondary schools,
in which a series of competitive activities
are based on an understanding of the concepts of physics.
Public service activities in the School
of Physical Education and Recreation included leave of absence for Dr. Eric Broom
to serve as associate deputy minister of the
leisure services branch of the provincial
government; election of Prof. Robert Osborne as vice-president of the Canadian
Olympic Association and his appointment
as chairman of the Canadian Committee
on the International Olympic Academy;
the selection of Mr. Donn Spence as coach
of Canada's national rugby team; the appointment of Dr. Lionel Pugh to three major posts in the track and field world,
Grants from the federal and
provincial governments enabled UBC students to carry
out a wide range of projects
related to their work in the
summer of 1977, including
this archaeological excavation
at Crescent Beach south of
The President's Report 1976-77/39 40/The President's Report 1976-77
including one as head coach of the Canadian universities team to the World Student Games; and the activities of Dr. E. C.
Rhodes as B.C. project director for administration of a standardized test of
fitness in occupational health, which tested
2,000 employees in B.C. business and industry and disseminated fitness information.
FORESTRY. The faculty's involvement
in national and international activities is
indicated by the following: Prof. J. H. G.
Smith, who was elected vice-president of
the Canadian Institute of Forestry, assisted
in a study for the federal government of the
impact that intensive forest management
would have on the Canadian economy;
Prof. Leslie Adamovich was on leave of
absence in Malaysia to develop and teach a
forest engineering curriculum at the University of Pertanian under a contract with
the Canadian International Development
Agency; and Dean J. A. F. Gardner was
appointed chairman of the newly formed
National Research Council associate committee on university forestry research, the
purpose of which is to determine requirements and priorities for establishing
high-quality forest research at Canadian
universities. The faculty's 12,000-acre
research forest in the Fraser Valley provided major public service through an outdoor education program. Some 3,200
school children lived at the Loon Lake
camp in the forest for five-day periods, and
another 2,800 made day visits to the forest.
members from the various institutes and
centres that make up the graduate studies
faculty were involved in a wide range of activities as members of regional, national
and international committees and regulatory organizations, as the organizers of
conferences, and as participants in programs that will have widespread impact in
Canada. Some examples: Prof. Peter Oberlander, director of the Centre for Human
Settlements, was Canada's delegate to the
Commonwealth Human Ecology Council
Conference in London, England; Dr. Andrew Thompson, director of the Westwater
Research Centre, was on leave to serve as
commissioner for the federal government
in the West Coast Oil Port Inquiry; symposia on "Transportation and the Western
Economy" and "Canada and the International Management of the Oceans" were
organized by the Centre for Transportation Studies and the Institute of Interna
tional Relations, respectively; Dr. Carl
Walters, of the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology, worked with provincial and
federal scientists on strategies for the $300
million salmon enhancement program that
aims at doubling fish populations on the
west coast; Prof. Brahm Wiesman, of the
School of Community and Regional Planning, prepared a report for the provincial
government on facilities and programs for
Lower Mainland regional colleges and provincial technical and vocational institutes;
Prof. Setty Pendakur, of the same school,
served as a United Nations expert on
transportation planning in Libya; and
Dean Peter Larkin continued his association with the Science Council of Canada
and the Fisheries Research Board and
became a member of the International
Commission for Living Aquatic Resource
Management, which held its first meeting
in Manila in the Philippines.
LAW. Students in the Faculty of Law
provide perhaps the most visible public service of any at the University by manning a
group of legal aid clinics in the Lower
Mainland, where free legal services are
offered to citizens. In addition, they participate in legal education programs conducted by the Vancouver People's Law
Faculty members are active in a wide
variety of regional and national endeavors:
Prof. W. W. Black was a member of the
B.C. Human Rights Commission; Prof.
Charles Bourne served as chairman of the
sub-committee on pollution of the International Law Association Committee on International Water Resources; Prof. P. T.
Burns was chairman of the advisory board
of the B.C. Police College; Prof. K. B.
Farquhar was a consultant to the Uniform
Law Conference of Canada and drafted
the Uniform Act for Canadian Provinces
on Children Born Outside of Marriages;
Prof. R. T. Franson was on leave as consultant to the Law Reform Commission of
Canada; Dean Kenneth Lysyk was on leave
for part of the academic year to serve as
chairman of the federal Alaska Highway
Pipeline Commission, and Prof. M. A.
Jackson was special counsel to Mr. Justice
Thomas Berger during his Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry; Prof. Frank Maczko
served as chairman of the Family Law
Foundation; Prof. Donald MacDougall
served as vice-president and was elected
president of the United Way of Greater
Vancouver;     Prof.    James    Maclntyre    is director of the Social Service Research
Council; Prof. Barry Slutsky served as project officer for the federal Department of
Justice Survey of Public Legal Education
Activities in Canada; Prof. James Taylor
chaired the legal education and training
sub-section of the B.C. branch of the
Canadian Bar Association; Prof. J. M.
P. Weiler was consultant to the B.C. Department of Labor on collective bargaining in higher education; and Prof. R. F.
Gosse was granted leave of absence from
July 1, 1977, to serve as deputy attorney-
general of the Province of Saskatchewan.
MEDICINE. Students in the Faculty of
Medicine provide thousands of hours of
medical care annually in hospitals and in
the community as part of their medical
training. One of the most imaginative
schemes for students involves being assigned to general practitioners throughout
the province during the summer months to
obtain supervised experience in family
Activities by faculty members included
the following: provision of eye services to
native Indians and Eskimos in the Keewa-
tin district of Canada's north by specialists
in the Department of Ophthalmology; Dr.
C. J. G. Mackenzie, of the Department of
Health Care and Epidemiology, was appointed chairman of the Pollution Control
Board of B.C. and served in a similar
capacity on the Canadian Public Health
Association's Task Force on Arsenic in
Yellowknife in the Northwest Territories;
Dr. H. W. Mcintosh, of the Department of
Medicine, was chairman of the Committee
on Credentials of the Royal College of
Physicians and Surgeons; Dr. John Dirks,
the new head of the Department of Medicine, is a member of the Medical Research
Council; and Dr. Moira Yeung, of the
same department, is on the task force of
the Canadian Thoracic Society on the
health of grain workers.
The Drug and Poison Information Centre
of the faculty, mentioned earlier in this
report, is located at St. Paul's Hospital and
provides a resource for all health professionals in B.C. Other faculty activities
include the following: Dr. John Sinclair
and Mr. Norman Zacharias are on the
Board of Examiners of the College of
Pharmacists of B.C.; Dr. Sydney Katz is
one of the organizers of the newly formed
B.C. chapter of Canadians for Health
Research and also works closely with the
B.C. Heart Foundation; Dr. Gail Bell-
ward is on the Pharmacy Examining
Board of Canada; and Mrs. Beverley
Dinning is a member of a committee of
the College of Pharmacists of B.C. which
is developing patient drug-profile
records to enable the pharmacist to detect
and prevent potentially dangerous interactions that result when drugs are
taken with food and other drugs.
SCIENCE. Professional activities of
members of the science faculty included
the following: Prof. R. D. Russell, the
head of the Department of Geophysics and
Astronomy, is serving as secretary-general
of the Inter-union Commission on Geody-
namics until December, 1979; Dr. Gordon
Walker of the same department is on the
scientific advisory council of the Canada-
Hawaii-France telescope and is chairman
of the working group on data acquisition
and instrument control; Dr. R. A. Freeze,
of the Department of Geological Sciences,
was appointed editor of the journal Water
Resources Research, and Prof. Hugh
Greenwood of the same department is associate editor of the Canadian Journal of
Earth Sciences; Dr. R. L. Armstrong, also
of geological sciences, reviewed the operation of the geochronometry section of the
Geoscience Council of Canada; Prof. H.
V. Warren, a long-time member of the
geological sciences department, continues
to be active in the community as an executive member of the Vancouver branch of
the United Nations Association and a
director of the B.C. division of the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada; Dr. Colin
Clark, of the mathematics department,
was a project consultant for the Fisheries
and Marine Service of Environment
Canada; and in microbiology Dr. B. C.
McBride served on both the executive and
council of the Medical Research Council of
Canada and on several bodies associated
with Canadian dental research, while Dr.
Julia Levy chaired the Medical Research
Council's scholarship committee and
served on the board of directors of the B.C.
Cancer Foundation.
The President's Report 1976-77/41 Winners of the Master Teacher Awards for 1977 were Prof.
J. Lewis Robinson, left, of the
Department of Geography,
and Prof. Donald Stephens, a
Canadian literature expert in
the English department.
42/The President's Report 1976-77
Faculty honors
and awards
Each year, numerous members of the
faculty receive awards and honors in
recognition of their contributions to
teaching and research. The 1976-77
academic year was no exception. What follows is a listing of some of the outstanding
awards and honors.
The 1976-77 Master Teacher Awards
went to two experts in the field of Canadian studies — Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, of
the Department of Geography, and Prof.
Donald Stephens, of the Department of
English. Prof. Robinson, who has been a
member of the UBC faculty for 30 years
and was head of geography for 22 years,
was one of the first professional geographers in Canada. He has been honored on
numerous occasions by professional bodies,
including the Canadian Association of
Geographers, which cited him in 1976 for
"exceptional service to the profession of
geography." Prof. Stephens has taught
Canadian poetry and literature at UBC
since joining the faculty in 1958 and has
served for a number of years as associate
editor of the UBC journal Canadian
Literature. The winners of the awards
share a cash prize of $5,000 donated by Dr.
Walter Koerner, who established the
awards in honor of his brother, the late Dr.
Leon Koerner, and to provide recognition
to outstanding teachers of undergraduate
Certificate of merit winners in the
1976-77 Master Teacher competition were
Prof. R. R. Haering, physics; Prof. John
Helliwell, economics; Dr. John S. Murray,
education; and Mr. French Tickner,
Several other faculties of the University recognize outstanding teachers. In the
Faculty of Applied Science, Dr. P. G. Hill,
of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, was the recipient of the Walter
Gage Teaching Award. In the Faculty of
Commerce, the winner of the Teacher Excellence Award of the Commerce Undergraduate Society was Dr. S. C. Gilmour.
Honorable mention in the competition was
awarded to Prof. J. C. T. Mao, David Baxter, David Lam and Ronald Fraser. Dr.
Frank Abbott was the first recipient of the
"Good Teacher Award" of the Faculty of
Pharmacy Undergraduate Society. The University's major award for research — the Prof. Jacob Biely Faculty
Research Prize — was awarded to Prof.
Michael Smith of the Department of Biochemistry for his outstanding work on
DNA, the fundamental genetic building
block of life. Prof. Smith has discovered a
simple method of building short chains of
DNA for a specific gene. His technique
simplifies previous methods of building
DNA chains and greatly enhances the work
of other biochemists carrying out fundamental work in this important area of
scientific research. The prize carries with it
a cash award of $1,000 and is named for
Prof. Biely, former head of the UBC
poultry science department.
Two members of the Department of
Chemistry were honored for their research
during the academic year. Prof. Laurance
D. Hall received the Corday-Morgan Medal and Prize from the Chemical Society of
London, England, for his contribution
to the development of nuclear magnetic
resonance techniques related to the understanding of molecular structure and conformation. Prof. Christopher Brion, of the
same department, was the recipient of the
Noranda Award of the Chemical Institute
of Canada for his original contributions in
electron microscopy in chemistry.
Dr. Norman Watt, director of Extra-
Sessional Studies, was honored a second
time by the Western Association of Summer Session Administrators. He received
the association's Creative Programming
Award for the Olympic Field Study Program offered during the 1976 Summer Session. The program attracted 72 Canadian
and American students who undertook a
comparative study of physical education,
recreation and athletic programs and
facilities in the public schools and universities of four Canadian provinces. In
1974, Prof. Watt received the same award
for his initiative in developing a program
of free summer courses for senior citizens,
which remains a feature of our annual
Summer Session.
UBC faculty members who were inducted into the Order of Canada in the
academic year were: Prof. Erich Vogt,
vice-president of faculty and student affairs, a member of the physics department,
and a key figure in the development of the
TRIUMF Project at UBC; Prof. David T.
Suzuki, of the Department of Zoology and
a noted geneticist who is widely known for
his television and radio broadcasting ac
tivities in the field of science generally;
and Prof. R. R. Haering, head of the Department of Physics.
A significant number of faculty members had the honor of serving or being
elected to serve as the presidents of their
respective professional organizations in the
1976-77 academic year. This group included: Dr. John Hay, geography, who
served as president of the Canadian Meteorological Society; Prof. Alan Cairns,
political science, as president of the
Canadian Political Science Association;
Dr. William G. Wellington, head of the
Institute of Animal Resource Ecology, as
president-elect of the Entomological Society of Canada; Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth,
economics, as president of the Canadian
Economics Association; Prof. J. K. Stager,
geography, as president of the newly
formed Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies; Mrs. Anne Piternick, librarianship, as president of the
Canadian Library Association; Prof. Roy
Stokes, head of the School of Librarian-
ship, as president of the Canadian Council
of Library Schools; Dr. Gloria Gutman,
psychology, as president of the Gerontological Association of B.C.; Dr. T. R.
Parsons, oceanography, as president of the
International Association of Biological
Oceanography; Prof. Hugh Greenwood,
geological sciences, as president of the
Geochemical Society; Prof. V. F. Mitchell,
commerce, as president of the western division of the Academy of Management; Dr.
L. F. Moore, commerce, as president of
the Canadian Association of Administra-
Prof. Michael Smith, left,
shown in his biochemistry department laboratory, won the
Prof. Jacob Biely Research
Prize for his outstanding
work on DNA, the fundamental genetic building block of
The President's Report 1976-77/43 44/The President's Report 1976-77
tive Sciences; and Prof. Charles McDowell
as president-elect of the Chemical Institute
of Canada.
Five members of the UBC faculty were
elected members of the Royal Society of
Canada, this country's most prestigious
academic organization. The new fellows
are: Prof. K. O. Burridge, head of the
Department of Anthropology and Sociology; Prof. Geoffrey Durrant, of the Department of English; Prof. John E. Phillips, of
the zoology department; Prof. Robert E.
Snider, chemistry; and Prof. Lawrence
Young, electrical engineering.
Other faculty members who were elected
fellows of prestigious academic organizations were: Prof. Geoffrey Scudder, zoology, named a fellow of the Entomological
Society of Canada; Prof. G. C. Archibald,
economics, fellow of the Econometric
Society; Prof. W. E. Fredeman, English,
fellow of Great Britain's Royal Society of
Literature; Prof. John Mercer, geography, fellow of the Royal Scottish
Geographical Society; and Prof. Beryl
March, poulty science, fellow of the
Poultry Science Association.
Two UBC psychologists won international awards from professional organizations
for their research. Dr. Ralph Hakstian, of
the Department of Psychology, won the
Raymond B. Cattell Award of the Society
of Multivariate Experimental Psychology,
which limits its membership to 60 persons.
Dr. Hakstian specializes in the analysis of
research data that involves many variables.
He has developed mathematical techniques which allow researchers to look at a
number of traits simultaneously. Dr. Roger
Boshier, a social psychologist and adult
education expert in the Faculty of Education, was given the first Imogene Oakes
Award of the Adult Education Association
of the United States "in recognition of high
scholarship and total commitment to analysis, interpretation and growth of adult
education and its future contributions to
society and the individual."
Several members of the faculty were invited to give papers or lectures to professional organizations or received
recognition for papers published during
the academic year. This group included:
Dr. Stephen Drance, head of the Department of Ophthalmology in the Faculty of
Medicine, who gave the second Spaeth
Memorial Lecture in Philadelphia; Dr.
Carl Walters and Dr. Ray Hilborn, of the
Institute of Animal Resource Ecology, who
received the 1977 Wildlife Society Award
for the outstanding fisheries paper published in North America in 1977; Prof.
Phelim Boyle, of the commerce faculty,
who received a prize for the best article
published in the Journal of Risk and Insurance in 1976; and Prof. J. P. Duncan,
head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, who received an award for the
best technical paper of 1977 from the
Numerical Control Society in Pittsburgh,
Penna., in May, 1977.
Two members of the Faculty of Law received the degree of Doctor of Laws
(LL.D.) from British universities following an academic assessment of their original, published research. Prof. M. A.
Hickling, an expert in the field of labor
law, was honored by the University of London, and Prof. E. C. E. Todd, an expert in
the fields of property and municipal law,
was honored by the University of Manchester.
Three people with close connections
with UBC's Institute of Oceanography
were honored as pioneers in the field of
physical oceanography in Canada during
the academic year. Prof. George L.
Pickard, the head of the UBC institute;
Dr. J. P. Tully, a one-time lecturer at
UBC; and Dr. W. M. Cameron, a founding member of the UBC institute, had a
special issue of the journal of the Fisheries
Research Board of Canada dedicated to
Two members of the Faculty of Medicine were inducted into The Most
Venerable Order of the Hospital of St.
John of Jerusalem at a ceremony at
Government House in Victoria. Named
Knights of Grace, the highest honor
awarded by the order in Canada, were Dr.
F. R. C. Johnstone, of the Department of
Surgery, and Dr. John F. McCreary, professor emeritus of health sciences and
former dean of medicine. Dr. McCreary
was also honored by the Canadian
Pediatric Society. He was named the recipient of the Ross Award for his outstanding
contribution to child health care.
Charles J. Connaghan, UBC's vice-
president for administrative services, was
appointed to the federal government's 28-
member Economic Council of Canada,
which sponsors a research program for
economic planning and a public-education
Dr. Peter Hochachka, of the Department of Zoology, was awarded a prestigious  Guggenheim  fellowship  to  enable him to continue his highly regarded work
on fish and mammals capable of surviving
on little or no oxygen.
Prof. Harry V. Warren, of geological
sciences, was honored in England in June,
1977, by the International Hockey Federation. He received the federation's Order of
Merit for his many contributions to Canadian field hockey.
Two members of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences honored during the academic year were Prof. L. M. Staley, who
was the first winner of the Maple Leaf
Award of the Canadian Society of Agricultural Engineers "in recognition of outstanding personal qualities, professional
abilities and achievements in advancing
the goals of the society and the profession
of agricultural engineering"; and assistant
dean Dr. J. F. Richards, winner of the Institute Award of the Canadian Institute of
Food Science and Technology, for an outstanding contribution to that organization.
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, of the geography department and one of UBC's master
teachers, received the Award of Merit from
the Western Institute for the Deaf for his
contributions to that organization.
Dr. Robert Silverman, of the music department, won the 1977 Grand Prix du
Disque from the Liszt Society of Budapest
in the solo piano category for a recording
of that composer's work. He has also been
invited to give ten performances in the
Soviet Union in January, 1978, where he
will appear as a soloist and with various orchestras.
Prof. John B. Evans, head of the Department of Mineral Engineering, was named
Distinguished Lecturer for 1977 by the
Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, an appointment that will take him
to 25 Canadian centres to speak in 1977
and 1978. Another member of the department, Prof. Jan Leja, received an honorary
degree from the Marie Curie-Sklodowska
University of Lublin, Poland, in recognition of his contributions to mineral processing.
There are few changes to report in the
makeup and composition of the two main
governing bodies of the University, the
Senate and the Board of Governors.
In February, 1977, the students elected
Mr. Moe Sihota to a one-year term on the
Board to replace Mr. Richard Murray,
who graduated. Mr. Basil Peters was reelected for a further one-year term. A total
of 17 students were elected to membership
on Senate, either in elections or by acclamation.
Hon. Thomas A. Dohm, QC, retired as
chairman of the Board on August 31,
1977, after having served the maximum
two years allowed under the Universities
Act. He will remain a member of the
Board and will be succeeded as chairman
on September 1, 1977, by Mr. George Morfitt, who has been a Board member since
1975. Mr. Morfitt will also continue as
chairman of the Board's finance committee. Changes in chair positions for other
Board committees are as follows: Miss
Sadie Boyles becomes chairman of the staff
committee, succeeding Ms. Pat Chubb;
Mr. P. R. Brissenden becomes honorary
secretary, succeeding Miss Boyles; and Mr.
Ian Greenwood becomes chairman of the
property committee, succeeding Mr. Ken
I am pleased to have this opportunity to
record my gratitude to all members of the
Board of Governors and Senate for their
devotion to ensuring that the academic
enterprise at UBC remains sound and that
our students and faculty members have
maximum opportunities for learning and
discovery. The Board and Senate, like the
University in general, function efficiently
through a system of committees that hold
many meetings in addition to the formal
monthly gatherings where the decisions
reached in committee are debated and, in
most cases, accepted. A few committees,
such as the Senate Budget Committee, established to advise the president on the
preparation of the University's annual
operating budget, meet very frequently in
order to carry out their mandate, but
report to their parent bodies on an annual
The University has been hard-pressed
financially in recent years and some difficult decisions have had to be confronted
and resolved. It seems likely that even more
difficult decisions will have to be made in
the coming months. I know that members
of both governing bodies will not hesitate
to give the same amount of time and energy as in the past to the task of enhancing
the University's teaching, research and
public service functions.
The President's Report 1976-77/45 46/The President's Report 1976-77
and retirements
Prof. Warren Kitts, who has served as
acting dean of the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences since the resignation of Prof.
Michael Shaw to become UBC's vice-president for University development, was confirmed as dean of the faculty.
Dr. William Webber was appointed
dean of the Faculty of Medicine, succeeding Dr. David Bates, who remains at
UBC as a member of the Departments of
Physiology and Medicine.
Prof. Peter Lusztig was appointed dean
of the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Dean Bernard Riedel is the new co-ordinator, Health Sciences, succeeding Prof.
Harold Copp, who remains at UBC as head
of the Department of Physiology in the
Faculty of Medicine. Dean Riedel will also
continue to head the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Prof. Paul C. Gilmore was named head
of the Department of Computer Science,
succeeding Prof. J. E. A. Peck, who remains as a member of the UBC faculty.
Dr. Marilyn D. Willman is the new head
of the School of Nursing, succeeding Dr.
Muriel Uprichard, who has retired.
Prof. Wallace Berry was named head of
the Department of Music, effective Jan. 1,
Dr. Vincent R. D'Oyley was named associate dean of the Faculty of Education,
succeeding Dr. Roy Bentley, who returns
to full-time teaching and research duties in
the faculty.
Dr. Frank P. Patterson was appointed
head of the Department of Surgery in the
Faculty of Medicine.
New department heads in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences are: Prof. James
MacMillan, agricultural economics; Prof.
D. B. Bragg, poultry science; and Prof.
Bruce Owen, animal science.
Prof. Roy Nodwell became head of the
Department of Physics, succeeding Prof.
R. R. Haering, who will remain a member
of the department.
Dr. Andrew Thompson was appointed
head of the Westwater Research Centre,
succeeding Prof. Irving Fox, who becomes a full-time member of the staff of
the School of Community and Regional
Planning. Dr. Thompson will also continue to hold his appointment as professor of law.
Dr. Peter Oberlander was confirmed as
director of the Centre for Human Settlements.
Administrative appointments included
Christine Samson as director of Food Services; Michael Davis as director of residences ; and Prof. Ben Moyls as director of
Twelve senior members of UBC's
teaching and research staff reached
retirement age in the 1976-77 academic
year, three of them after 31 or more years
of service with the University.
Prof. David C. Murdoch, of the Department of Mathematics, joined the
staff in 1944 and retires after 33 years on
the faculty.
Prof. C. D. Samis was a member of the
Department of Metallurgy for 32 years.
Prof. Robert Wellwood retired after 31
years as a member of the Faculty of Forestry. One of his retiring faculty colleagues, Prof. Kenneth Graham, was
with UBC for 29 years.
Prof. Hans Ronimois retired from the
Department of Slavonic Studies after 28
years; Prof. J. E. Bismanis, of microbiology, was a faculty member for 25
years; Prof. Katherine Beamish was a
member of the Department of Botany for
21 years; and Dr. George Woodcock was
a faculty member for 17 years as a teacher
in the Department of English and as the
founding editor of the UBC journal Canadian Literature.
Other retiring faculty members are:
Robert W. Hamilton who retires after 16
years of service, first as a member of the
teaching staff in the School of Librarian-
ship and laterally as head of the acquisitions division of the University library;
Prof. Helen Gemeroy, a member of the
School of Nursing for nine years and assistant director of nursing in the University's
Psychiatric Unit; Dr. F. D. Garrett, professor of anatomy in the medical school for
nine years; and Prof. Muriel Uprichard
who, as director of the School of Nursing
since 1971, supervised a complete revision
of the school's curriculum and training
program. The University and generations of students are indebted to each of those who
retired for their service as teachers, researchers and administrators.
The University's annual Congregation
for the conferring of honorary and
academic degrees was held in the War
Memorial Gymnasium on June 1, 2 and 3,
1977. The University Senate awarded a
grand total of 4,340 degrees and 73
diplomas to graduating students in the
1976-77 academic year.
On June 1, the University conferred
honorary degrees on Gertrude Mary Laing,
who chairs the Canada Council, and
George Woodcock, one of Canada's best-
known writers. Dr. Laing, who received
the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.), is a
devoted public servant who is vice-
president of Canada World Youth and who
served on the Royal Commission on Bilin-
gualism and Biculturalism. She was made
an officer of the Order of Canada in 1972.
Dr. George Woodock retired from UBC
this year after 21 years of service, which included teaching in the Department of
English and 17 years as founding editor of
Canadian Literature, one of a number of
learned journals published at UBC. He
made it, in the eyes of one Canadian
observer, "by far the most important journal on the subject of Canadian writers and
writing ever to have been produced in this
country." He was awarded the degree of
Doctor of Letters (D. Litt.)
On June 2, honorary Doctor of Laws degrees were conferred on Grace Maclnnis,
the first woman Member of Parliament
from B.C., and Arthur Fouks, a former
chairman of the UBC Board of Governors.
Mrs. Maclnnis, daughter of J. S. Woods-
worth, founder of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, later the New
Democratic Party, was elected to the B.C.
Legislature in 1941 and to the federal
House of Commons in 1965. She served
with distinction in both assemblies. Mr.
Fouks, who holds degrees in law and arts
from UBC, has been active in a number of
community health organizations, most
notably the B.C. Heart Foundation. He
served on the Board of Governors from
1963 to 1972 and was Board chairman in
On June 3, the University honored two
noted scientists — Prof. Ian McT. Cowan
and Dr. Har Gobind Khorana. Prof. Cowan, who retired in 1975 as dean of the
Faculty of Graduate Studies, is internationally known for his work in the field of
zoology and conservation. Dr. Khorana,
who is now at Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, was a scientist with B.C.
Research on the campus from 1952 to
1959, where he began his research on the
biochemistry of genetic materials that led
to a Nobel Prize. Both were awarded the
honorary degree of Doctor of Science
A familiar campus figure, noted for his
candor and his academic achievements,
will be absent from future Congregations.
The 1977 event was the last that will be arranged by Prof. Malcolm McGregor who,
with the able assistance of his staff in the
Ceremonies Office, Miss Peggy Sayle and
Mrs. Joan King, has ensured that official
University occasions happen with clockwork precision. Prof. McGregor retired as
head of the Department of Classics two
years ago, but has continued a distinguished career as a teacher and researcher
while serving as director of ceremonies for
the University. I know that his many
friends in the community and at UBC join
me in wishing him well in the future.
Each member of the graduating class
pays a fee, part of which is designated as a
gift to the University. This year more than
$10,000 was distributed to three campus
organizations. The beneficiaries were the
Crane Library for the blind, which provides braille and tape-recorded books and
other services to blind and partially sighted
students at UBC and other universities in
Canada; the Law Students' Legal Advice
Program, which provides free legal advice
to citizens at 11 Lower Mainland clinics;
and the UBC Day Care Centre, which provides services to the children of students,
staff and faculty.
Each year, the student who heads each
graduating class is recognized when he or
she arrives at the platform to receive his or
her academic degree. Here is the 1977 list
of medal and prize winners.
The Governor-General's Gold Medal
(Head of the Graduating Classes in the
Faculties of Arts and Science, B.A. and
B.Sc. degrees): Ivor Ladd.
The Association of Professional Engineers Gold Medal (Head of the Graduating Class in Engineering, B.A.Sc. degree):
Chung M. V. Leung.
The President's Report 1976-77/47 48/The President's Report 1976-77
The Helen L. Balfour Prize, $300 (Head
of the Graduating Class in Nursing, B.S.N,
degree): Barbara M. Bradley.
The Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize (Head of the Graduating
Class in Education, Secondary Teaching
Field, B.Ed, degree): Evelyn B. Stiller.
The Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize (Head of the Graduating
Class in Education, Elementary Teaching
Field, B.Ed, degree) : WendyJ. Owen.
The Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarianship (Head of the Graduating Class in
Librarianship, M.L.S. degree): Jocelyn H.
The Canadian Institute of Forestry
Medal (best overall record in Forestry in
all years of course, and high quality of
character, leadership, etc.): Mary E. Sut-
The College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia Gold Medal (Head of the
Graduating Class in Dentistry, D.M.D.
degree) : GeraldJ. Wittenberg.
The College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia Gold Medal in Dental Hygiene (leading student in the Dental
Hygiene program): Ellen Stradiotti.
The Dean of Medicine's Prize (Head of
the Graduating Class in Rehabilitation
Medicine, B.S.R. degree): Lynn M. Petersen.
The Hamber Medal and Prize, $250
(Head of the Graduating Class in Medicine, M.D. degree, best cumulative record
in all years of course): Stephen D. Clarke.
The Horner Prize and Medal for Pharmaceutical Sciences, $100 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Pharmaceutical Sciences, B.Sc. Pharm. degree): Vincent C.
Y. Ho.
The Kiwanis Club Gold Medal and
Prize, $300 (Head of the Graduating Class
in Commerce and Business Administration, B.Com. degree): J. W. Bryan Mc-
The Law Society Gold Medal and Prize
(Call and Admission fee) (Head of the
Graduating Class in Law, LL.B. degree):
Risa E. Levine.
The H. R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry,
$200 (Head of the Graduating Class in
Forestry, B.S.F. degree): Mary E. Suttie.
The Physical Education Faculty Award
(Head of the Graduating Class in Physical
Education, B.P.E. degree): Louise A.
The Recreation Society of British Co
lumbia Prize (Head of the Graduating
Class in Recreation, B.R.E. degree):
Catherine J. Ross.
The Royal Architectural Institute of
Canada Medal (outstanding student in Architecture, B.Arch. degree): Stephen C.
The Wilfrid Sadler Memorial Gold
Medal (Head of the Graduating Class in
Agricultural Sciences, B.Sc. (Agr.) degree) : Nancy E. Small.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Fine Arts, B.F.A.
degree): Timothy L. Runkle.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Home Ecortomics,
B.H.E. degree) : MarilynJ. Moore.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Licentiate in Accounting, Lie. Acct. degree): Laurence
W. Root.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Music, B.Mus. degree) : Peter Bjerring.
The Univesity Medal for Arts and Science (Proficiency in the Graduating
Classes in the Faculties of Arts and Science,
B.A. and B.Sc. degrees): Robert C.
With regret, I record the names of active
and retired faculty members who died during the 1976-77 academic year.
Frank Gnup, senior instructor in the
School of Physical Education and Recreation and former coach of the UBC
Thunderbird football team, died suddenly
on September 27, 1976.
Miss Mollie Cottingham, professor emerita of Education, died in December, 1976.
Dr. Marvin Darrach, professor of biochemistry, died on January 2, 1977.
William Muckle, honorary visiting professor to UBC, died suddenly on January 8,
Dr. Philip Vassar, of the Department of
Pathology, died suddenly on February 26,
Prof. R. E. Burgess, of the Department
of Physics, died suddenly on March 24,
Jessie MacCarthy, of the Department of
Health Care and Epidemiology, died on
April 8, 1977.
Alex Harshenin, of the Department of
Slavonic Studies, died suddenly on August


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