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The President's Report 1975-76 1976

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Array e President's
Report 1975-76
e University if
British Columbia le President's
Report 1975-76
The report of President Douglas Kenny
to the Senate and Board of Governors
of the University of British Columbia
for the 19 75- 76 academic year
\e University gf
British Columbia To The Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia.
Ladies and Gentlemen
I take pleasure in presenting to you
my report for the academic year
1975-76. I have attempted to draw
attention to the major academic
accomplishments of the year and to
review the breadth of events that were
of significance to the University.
In spite of the financial difficulties
that confront us, I hope that this
record of our accomplishments will be
a source of deep satisfaction to you.
Cordially yours,
/
7jJLaas*as^
Douglas T. Kenny,
President.
Foreword
In this report I will try to record
the significant events and
accomplishments of the academic year
1975-76. At the outset, I would like
to emphasize that there are many
noteworthy accomplishments and
contributions which must go
unrecorded because of the limitations
of space. A university is a community
of scholars and a community of
people working together to make
learning possible. I would therefore
like to express my appreciation to all
those who have contributed to the
accomplishments of the University in
this academic year: the members of
the Board of Governors, who give
their time and wisdom so generously;
to the Senate of the University; to the
deans and members of the faculty; to
the students, whose energy and
enthusiasm contribute so much to
making the University's existence
worthwhile; and to all the members of
the employed staff whose
contributions, too often unsung and
too numerous to mention, help keep
this institution alive and healthy. \e President's
Report 1975-76
September, 1975 — the first month of the
1975-76 academic year — included two
notable anniversaries in the history of The
University of British Columbia. It marked
the 60th anniversary of the first classes held
by the University and the 50th anniversary
of UBC's move from its initial quarters in
four shingled shacks on Fairview Avenue
near the Vancouver General Hospital and in
a building on temporary loan from the
hospital to the site it now occupies on the
tip of Point Grey.
UBC has changed significantly in the
intervening 60 years, a relatively short time
in comparison with the development of
universities in the old world. When the
University opened its doors in 1915, with an
operating budget of $175,000, it enrolled
379 students who were taught by 34 faculty
members. Courses were offered in Faculties
of Arts and Science, Applied Science, and
Agriculture. Ten years later, when the
University moved to Point Grey, the
operating budget had increased to $647,000,
student enrolment stood at 1,984, of whom
1,463 were daytime winter session students,
and the teaching staff numbered 119.
There were still only three faculties in
1925, but there had been some academic
expansion: UBC pioneered nursing
education by inaugurating a degree program
in nursing in 1919, honors courses were
introduced into the arts curriculum, and a
Department of Education had been
established to offer a one-year teacher
training program.
The contrast between these two early
academic years and the 1975-76 academic
year is startling. The number of full- and
part-time students who registered for credit
courses during the winter session, the 1976
intersession and summer session, and for
extra-sessional and correspondence credit
programs totalled 31,005. Add to this the
number of people throughout the province
who had contact with the University
through continuing education programs, and
the grand total of registrations is more than
100,000 persons.
The University's full-time teaching and
research staff in 1975-76 totalled 1,749
persons, who taught in 12 faculties, 8
schools and 12 institutes and research
centres on a campus of nearly 1,000 acres.
Our full-time, non-teaching support staff
numbered 2,842 persons. The work of
teachers,   researchers,   support   staff  and
' - ■-:r*->*
ti? lot
UBC opened its doors in 1915 in the "Fairview shacks"
In )92$ UBC moved io new quarters on the tip of Point Grey
The UBC campus now covers an area of almost 1,000 acres students was carried on in 391 buildings
with a replacement value of $285 million.
The University's operating revenues for
the 1975-76 fiscal year totalled $135.6
million (excluding capital additions to
endowment, student loan and capital
development funds). This total included an
operating grant of almost $92 million from
the provincial government and nearly $16.6
million for research, most of it from the
federal government or its agencies.
Most important of all, perhaps, was the
fact that in its first 60 years the University
had graduated 77,484 students. By far the
largest number of these — more than 55,000
— have remained in Canada and more than
45,000 reside in British Columbia.
The statistics given above can never hope
to convey the qualities that make this
University a unique place. As I said when I
was installed as president on September 17,
1975, I believe our purpose is to learn not
only for the sake of learning, which is a
noble activity, but in order to enrich and
enhance the quality of life.
This mission is carried on through the
unending process of learning and discovery
within the community of scholars — the
faculty and students — that makes up the
University. Teaching and research, the prime
functions of the University, are really two
forms of the same activity. Both involve
learning, and those who assert that teaching
alone is the primary function of a university
forget that the teacher who stops learning
through research deprives students of new
knowledge.
In these pages I will try to show how
these two basic functions of the University
were enhanced or challenged during 1975 -
76. There have been some developments that
strengthen the fabric of the University and
some challenges that promise to enrich our
teaching and research activities, and others
that threaten the academic vigor and health
of the institution.
Many factors contribute to the reputation
that a university enjoys in the community
generally and in the academic world. No
university will be highly regarded if its
curriculum remains static and its graduates
are ill-prepared for their chosen fields of
work, if it is unable to attract research grants
to allow faculty members and graduate
students to explore new areas of knowledge,
or if it is unwilling to place its vast expertise
at the disposal of the community.
6/The President's Report 1975-76
Happily, I can report to you that in the
1975-76 academic year there were
significant curriculum changes that will
benefit students; that UBC was able to
attract several large grants for research and
teaching in areas of importance to the
province and the nation; and that our
faculty and students were active in a broad
range of off-campus studies and other
projects for governments and a host of other
community agencies.
Changes in the University's curriculum
,are subject to rigorous scrutiny at the
departmental and faculty levels before being
submitted to the University Senate, where
they are again examined by that body's
curriculum committee and by Senate as a
whole. Only rarely are curriculum proposals
initiated at tne uppermost levels of
University administration; almost all of them
originate at the departmental level and stem
from the interests and concerns of individual
faculty members who are acutely aware of
the needs of students and society.
One of the most radical changes in
1975-76 occurred in the curriculum of the
Department of English, after almost two
years of work by a task force established by
the head of the department, Prof. Robert
Jordan. The task force, which included
students, prepared a report that was
discussed ten times by the department as a
whole. The emphasis was on the
reorganization and revitalization of the
department's offerings, a re-examination of
them in the light of the current state of the
discipline, and in response to the cultural
demography of student interests. Senate
approved 32 new English courses, the
deletion of 12 courses, and the rewording of
the description of almost every one of the
60 courses the department offers to make
them more intelligible and accessible to
contemporary students.
Because of expansion of the number of
courses the English department offers
through the Centre for Continuing
Education, it is now possible for students to
take a major in English entirely by
correspondence after attending UBC or a
community college to take English 100 or its
equivalent. English is the only department in
the University where this is possible.
Hopefully, other departments will follow the
lead of the English department.
Some other noteworthy developments in
the Faculty of Arts included introduction of
new programs in translation in the
Departments   of   French   and   German; approval of a diploma in film and television
in the Department of Theatre; and approval
of a one-year Master of Social Work degree
program to replace the previous two-year
program offered in the School of Social
Work. In the 1974-75 academic year, the
School of Social Work introduced a new
Bachelor of Social Work degree program
after an intensive re-evaluation of its
undergraduate and graduate programs.
The Master of Business Administration
program in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration is being reorganized
to provide a more cohesive experience for
that faculty's students. The reorganization
will take two years to complete.
The Department of Mathematics will
implement major curriculum changes in
1976-77. Changes in the first two years of
study are directed at the majority of
students who do not specialize in
mathematics and a number of new. courses
are designed to communicate basic
mathematical ideas to these students. New
major and honors options were approved in
the field of applied mathematics to allow
students to concentrate in the area of
applied analysis, statistics and operations
research.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences will
offer a new rangeland resources program
next year in response to growing student and
government interest in rangeland
management. It seems appropriate to
mention here that the Senate and Board of
Governors approved a change of name of the
faculty's Department of Agricultural
Engineering to the Department of
Bio-Resource Engineering. The new name
more accurately reflects the research and
teaching in forestry and fisheries that are
now a significant part of the department's
activities.
Major revisions in the third and fourth
years of the metallurgical engineering
program in the Faculty of Applied Science
were approved after a two-year examination
of the entire program in the Department of
Metallurgy.
Senate also approved proposals from the
Faculty of Medicine for establishment of a
Department of Family Practice and an
Institute of Oncology. Funds are being
sought to enable both these developments to
go ahead.
These developments represent major
changes and additions to the University's
offerings. In addition, each faculty of the
University brings to Senate each year many
other changes which have the effect of
altering, to a greater or lesser degree, the
curriculum of the University. The point I
wish to emphasize is that the University's
academic offerings are constantly changing
to meet the needs of students and society at
large,   and   the   development   of  new
knowledge in academic disciplines.
A notable gift to the University to
enhance its teaching program came from the
Law Foundation of B.C. It provided
$52,000 to the Faculty of Law to expand a
clinical program first offered to law students
in September, 1975. The UBC Legal Clinic
operates as a regular law office with senior
students working as lawyers for half the
University year. The students are responsible
for about 20 clients each and deal with a full
range of legal problems from criminal
charges to minor financial claims to family
crises and divorce problems. The grant
means that the clinic will be able to increase
from 12 to 20 the number of students who
can undertake this type of practical,
in-service training.
Research
The University attracted almost $16.6
million in the last fiscal year to support
research activities by faculty members and
graduate students. In the course of the
academic year four major grants totalling
almost $1.5 million were announced.
The largest of these - $806,000 - will
come from the Canada Council to enable a
group of 10 economists to launch an
integrated study designed to throw light on
one of the least explored areas of modern
economics — the management of the world's
natural resources. Up to 45 graduate
students will be associated with the group
over the five-year life of the project, which
provides for a wide range of studies and
reports on such topics as energy policy;
petroleum, mineral, fisheries and forestry
problems; and the policies of governments
and industry on exploitation and taxation of
natural resources. The fact that UBC was
able to attract such a large sum of money
reflects the fact that the Department of
Economics includes the largest group of very
distinguished specialists in Canada interested
in the economics of natural resources.
The Institute of International Relations
was awarded a five-year grant of $250,000
by the Department of National Defence to
expand its research and teaching in strategic
studies. The grant will enable the University
to hire three post-doctoral fellows who will
teach in the Department of Political Science
and   study  Canadian  Arctic  and  security
The President's Report 1975-76/7 President Douglas Kenny, seated
at centre, met with United
Nations and federal and
provincial government officials
on June 12, 1976, to sign an
agreement committing to UBC
the audio-visual materials
prepared for the UN Habitat
conference held in Vancouver.
Standing are Hon. Hugh Curtis,
left, of the provincial cabinet,
and Enrique Penalosa,
secret ary-general of Habitat.
Seated left to right are Hon. Ron
Basford, of the federal cabinet;
President Kenny; and Hon.
Barney Danson, chairman of the
Habitat conference and a
member of the federal cabinet.
8/The President's Report 1975-76
policies, Canadian policy on the export of
nuclear technology, and how demand for
resources affects a nation's security
relations.
Research in  timber engineering in the
Faculty of Applied Science was strengthened
by grants of more than $150,000 awarded to.
Prof.  Borg Madsen of the Department of
Civil Engineering.
The Kellogg Foundation of Battle Creek,
Mich., has granted the University almost
$266,000 over a four-year period to help
establish a B.C. Council for Leadership in
Education that aims at further professional
development for educational administrators.
The Council plans a series of short courses,
workshops and conferences throughout B.C.
for school district superintendents,
principals and vice-principals, and school
trustees, among others.
Another major development was the
establishment of a Centre for Human
Settlements to act as the custodian for the
10,640 audio-visual items that comprised the
240 presentations made by the 140
countries that took part in the United
Nations Conference on Human Settlements
— known as Habitat — in Vancouver in May
and June.
The Habitat conference broke away from
print as the primary means of
communication. The participating nations
presented films, slides or videotapes of their
attempts to solve problems of human
settlement, such as housing, urban blight,
sewage disposal, energy — the whole host of
problems that man encounters as he uses the
environment more intensively.
It was evident that the collection of
audio-visual materials, if kept together,
would   provide   a   unique   resource   for
teaching and research. As an act of faith,
UBC offered to act as custodian for the
collection, provided the UN was willing to
leave it at UBC and to vest the international
copyright in the University, and provided
the federal and provincial governments
would assure the necessary financial support.
For its part, the University was prepared to
guarantee open access to the collection by
the countries that made presentations at
Habitat and to prepare a catalogue of the
collection.
On June 12,1 met with representatives of
the UN and the federal and provincial
governments to sign an interim agreement
vesting the materials in UBC until the end of
1976 and assuring the University of
substantial funding. The final agreement
naming UBC as the custodian of the material
for a five-year period has yet to be approved
by the UN General Assembly.
During the summer of 1976, the
University, with the assistance of the
National Film Board, began assessing all the
Habitat presentations. Dr. Peter Oberlander,
of our School of Community and Regional
Planning and pro tern director of the Centre
for Human Settlements, foresees that the
collection will be a valuable addition to
UBC's teaching and research resources. It has
potential as a teaching aid in geography,
political science, economics, engineering and
planning to show how problems of
construction techniques, wind-generated
power, new-town policies, irrigation and
many others are being solved under different
social, economic and political conditions.
The centre is managed by a board chaired
by Dean Peter Larkin, of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, who emphasizes that the
new centre will serve existing disciplines at
UBC. Its presence will not mean any new
degree training programs. The possibilities
for training and research use of the
collection are incalculable and will also draw
to the University scholars and students from
all over the world. This new centre is
therefore an important and appropriate
resource to this University. UBC has long
had a deep and active interest in the
problems connected with human
settlements. Faculty and students in a wide
variety of disciplines have concentrated and
continue to concentrate on the increasingly
complex and difficult problems in this area.
This new centre will importantly assist their
efforts.
UBC also made/a^sighificant contribution
to Habitat by sponsoring a series of lectures
by distinguished economists, planners,
geographers, political scientists and
architects that set the stage for the
international meeting. The lectures will be
published in book form in 1977. The
University was also selected by Ottawa to form an official Habitat Observer Team,
chaired by Dr. Oberlander, to monitor
progress and assess the relevance of agenda
items to Canada's own urban needs. Five
UBC faculty members and five other
academics representing the remaining regions
of Canada made up the team.
Our students made their own
contribution to Habitat Forum, at the
former Jericho air base near the UBC
campus, where practical solutions to
environmental problems were on display. A
group of UBC engineering students displayed
a battery-operated car they had begun two
years earlier. The leader of the student group
was Basil Peters, a third-year electrical
engineer and one of two students elected by
the student body to UBC's Board of
Governors. The car proved to be one of the
outstanding displays at the forum.
FINANCING OF RESEARCH. From the
foregoing, it might seem that the
University's research activities are expanding
and that money is freely available. This is far
from the case; indeed, the University faces
something very close to a crisis in research
financing.
In the fiscal year 1975-76, the funds UBC
received for research increased 9.3 per cent
over the previous fiscal year, and 21.7 per
cent over 1970-71. Over the same five years,
however, the teaching staff of the University
increased by 13 per cent, with the result that
research grants per academic staff member
increased by only 8 per cent. Considering
the inflation of the past five years, this is a
very modest increase indeed.
The federal government's decision to
freeze research grants at 1975-76 levels is a
hazardous policy, coming at a time when the
need for research is greatest. In fact, our
national research and development
investment has been seriously declining
during the past few years. This trend can
best be illustrated by the following two
facts. According to the 1975-76 report of
the president of the National Research
Council, (a) the total federal research and
development expenditure has decreased
from 0.70 per cent of Gross National
Product in 1968-69 to only 0.55 per cent in
1975-76; and (b) federal research and
development expenditures as a percentage of
total federal government expenditure has
fallen from 9 per cent in 1968-69 fo 5.5 per
cent in 1975-76. I am not being alarmist
when I say that this decline in national
support for research represents a dangerous
change in public policy that threatens the
future of this country.
The effects of the decline are clearly
evident in the reports that I have received
from the deans of UBC's 12 faculties. Some
senior faculty members have found their
research support reduced to dangerously low
levels or completely cut off; young faculty
members drawn to the academic world by
the prospects of a career in research find
they are unable to obtain grants to start new
projects; support staff, many of them highly
skilled, have had to be let go; and many
graduate students are without adequate
financial support while they work on
projects that provide the basis of their
dissertations for advanced degrees. In short,
some first-rank research groups will probably
collapse. One hopes that the Canadian
nation will not have to pay such a price
before the system is corrected.
The outlook for 1976-77 is increasingly
bleak. Funds from federal granting councils,
such as the Canada Council, will probably
remain static and there will be only a slight
increase in grants from the Medical Research
Council. Direct federal government support
through its departments will probably
decline by $500,000, which will have a
significant effect in professional faculties.
Support from provincial government
departments is expected to decline by some
$400,000 and only those funds we receive
from Canadian companies and the United
States show signs of matching contributions
made in the 1975-76 fiscal year.
I would like to repeat again that research
is an essential part of the learning process of
our entire society. It is the cutting edge of
our country's movement to discovery.
Without that cutting edge, the collective
mind of Canada would soon become dull.
Any nation that stops learning, exploring,
discovering, gives up its right to its own
future. Unfortunately, Canada's research and
development enterprise is threatened by
unstable financing and a lack of clear-cut,
long-range federal planning. The, reason given
is current economic conditions. This is a
UBC engineering students
displayed their electric vehicle at
Habitat Forum, held in
conjunction with the UN
Habitat conference.
The President's Report 1975-76/9 short-sighted public policy. It is precisely at
times of difficulty that the need for research
is greatest. That is exactly when we most
need the information which will tell us how
to strengthen the long-term development of
our resources and our lives. In this vital
matter, it is Canada's future — that is, our
future — which is at stake.
One additional development affecting
research policy at UBC should be
mentioned. To provide a single forum for
discussion and co-ordination of research
policy and internal granting policies, the
President's Committee on Research Policy
was replaced in September, 1975, by a
26-member advisory board. As part of this
reorganization, all of the committees that
consider policies and practices in research
administration were re-established as
committees of the advisory board, with their
chairmen sitting as ex officio members of
the board.
10/The President's Report 1975-76
Continuing
vVi. Ll vs OL L JL Vd/xJI
Earlier in this report I said that no
university will be highly regarded unless it
shows a willingness to place its resources at
the disposal of the community. And by that
I do not mean only our immediate neighbors
in the Lower Mainland. UBC must make its
presence felt throughout the province and,
whenever possible, nationally and
internationally as well.
Let me give some illustrations of the ways
in which the University makes its resources
and expertise available to the community.
It is estimated that, in addition to regular
sessional students, nearly 70,000 persons
had contact with the University in the
1975-76 academic year through credit and
non-credit programs offered through our
Centre for Continuing Education or
extension activities operated by various UBC
faculties. These programs are by no means
confined to the Vancouver and Lower
Mainland areas. There is scarcely a major or
medium-sized centre in the province that
does not benefit from UBC in one way or
another.
The Centre for Continuing Education
registered 40,768 persons in the academic
year for credit and non-credit programs as
well as continuing professional education
courses, an increase of 29.29 per cent over
the previous year's registration of 31,531.
The centre sponsored a number of
Habitat-related programs that attracted
3,632 persons, and also registered notable
increases in such areas as the Women's
Resources Centre, an off-campus facility
located in the main branch of the Vancouver
Public Library; the Language Institute,
which enrolled 1,273 persons for intensive
residential language programs in English and
French and provided daytime and evening
courses in a number of languages;
Continuing Legal Education, which provides
short courses and seminars in centres
throughout the province; and in the creative-
arts, humanities and social sciences.
In 1976, the Centre celebrated the 40th
anniversary of its founding as the UBC
Extension Department. To mark this
occasion, the Centre published a volume of
reminiscences by four former directors,
Robert England, Gordon Shrum, John
Friesen and Gordon Selman. Fittingly, it
also marked the occasion by launching a new
project, the UBC Interior Program, which
takes the resources and expertise of the UBC
faculty to the Thompson-Okanagan region in
the form of lectures, workshops and
seminars. The program is co-ordinated by
John Edwards, who has his headquarters on
the Vernon campus of Okanagan College. In
the first nine months of its existence, from
January to September, the program served
seven communities in the area and attracted
nearly 1,000 persons for general education
programs. I hope this kind of important
community service can be expanded to other
centres in the province to augment existing
credit and professional programs in
continuing education. Mr. Edwards is to be
commended for his pioneering efforts.
It should be emphasized that the Centre,
with the strong support of the University
administration, has initiated an important
move back towards serving more fully
individuals throughout the province, a type
of community education which it had
unfortunately withdrawn from some ten
years ago. It is our aim to expand this service
to other areas of the province as fast as it is
financially feasible.
The Centre also revitalized the
Continuing Education in Engineering
program with the appointment of A.S. Duff
Macdonell as director in September, 1975.
The Language Institute also continued to
grow. It is noteworthy that it secured from
the Secretary of State a substantial two-year
grant, the first of its kind in Canada, to
provide   bursaries   to   adults   wishing   to participate in an intensive French-language
program. In co-operation with the School of
Librarianship, the Centre also started
offering continuing education programs for
librarians, thereby creating a new
professional service and a further link
between the University and the community.
As in past years, the Centre brought
outstanding individuals to the campus. The
most notable occasion this year was the
Weekend with Canadian Novelists, organized
in co-operation with the Department of
Creative Writing, with Canada Council
financial support. The six writers, Margaret
Atwood, Sylvia Fraser, Graeme Gibson,
Harold Horwood, Robert Kroetsch and
Audrey Thomas, focused on Canadian
literature. This weekend session was a
significant contribution to Canadian culture
and to the cultural life of the West Coast.
The University is proud of the Centre's
contributions to the wide community of
B.C. Under the able leadership of Jindra
Kulich the Centre acts as a leading edge of
the University into the community.
The Division of Continuing Education in
the Health Sciences maintained a high level
of activity during the academic year,
providing 153 courses and special lectures
attended by 6,336 health professionals both
on campus and in locations throughout the
province. Total attendance was up by nearly
1,000 persons over the previous year. The
division encompasses a wide range of
disciplines, offering programs for doctors,
dentists, human nutritionists, nurses,
pharmacists, rehabilitation specialists and a
number of interprofessional programs for
health professionals.
The Faculty of Education significantly
expanded its extension program in 1975-76
by offering 51 programs on the campus and
at 25 off-campus centres. Other areas of
increased activity included programs
conducted by the faculty's special education
department, in-service workshops by the
English education department on teaching
English as an additional language, and the
development of curriculum-based workshops
by the mathematics education department.
The University's Botanical Garden
dramatically increased its horticulture
program for both amateurs and professionals
in 1975-76. A total of 89 classes with
registrations of nearly 2,000 persons were
held during the year, including credit
programs for teachers and professional
florists. The garden initiated a special
program in the use of plants for aiding the
rehabilitation of the handicapped. During
the summer, 120 senior citizens participated
in Botanical Garden programs. The staff put
on 28 demonstration lectures during the
Vancouver Home Show in February, and
responded  to   3,125  public  enquiries by
telephone or letter during the year. The
garden's educational co-ordinator, David
Tarrant, gave 13 half-hour television shows,
some of them designed for national network
television, appeared on several extended
open-line shows in Vancouver, and wrote
monthly columns for two Vancouver
publications.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration provided continuing
education programs to more than 9,700
persons in 1975-76. Enrolment in seven
diploma programs increased an average of 8
per cent and the faculty introduced two new
programs that had a combined enrolment of
450 persons. The new programs were a
20-week correspondence course in mortgage
lending, introduced at the request of the
superintendent of brokers for B.C. as a
prerequisite for registration as a mortgage
broker, and a 26-week correspondence
program in mortgage practice, which is
offered nationally to provide training for
mortgage officers in large lending
institutions. The faculty's executive
programs, or short courses for businessmen,
expanded in both number and location.
During the year, approximately 120 days of
programs were offered in 16 communities
throughout the province.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
maintained an active extension program by
offering courses in animal, food, plant,
poultry and soil sciences and agricultural
economics attended by more than 700
persons on the campus, in the Lower Fraser
Valley and in Interior centres.
Before giving further illustrations of the
University's community involvement, I
would like to outline the University's
position on the ways in which degree-level
education can be made more available to
people living outside the major metropolitan
areas of the province.
UBC's position on this subject was stated
in a brief presented in June, 1976, to a
one-man Commission on University
Programs in Non-Metropolitan Areas which
was established by Dr. Patrick McGeer, the
provincial minister of education. The
commissioner was Dr. William Winegard, a
former president of the University of
Guelph, in Ontario, who was asked to advise
"on all matters related to the delivery of
academic and professional programs outside
of the Vancouver and Victoria metropolitan
areas, and academic programs and their
articulation."
The University brief said it would be
unwise to create new institutions or
programs to satisfy a temporary demand for
education which is likely to decrease in the
1980s because of a predicted decline in the
number of students in the 15-24 age group.
Our brief suggested that any proposal to
The President's Report 1975-76/11 12/The President's Report 1975-76
remedy the very real demand for degree
programs outside the Vancouver and
Victoria areas must satisfy three basic tests:
it must substantially increase the
opportunities for people resident in the
Interior to complete a degree program; it
must be consistent with the maintenance of
traditional university standards of academic
excellence; and it must achieve the first two
goals with reasonable economic efficiency.
The brief recommended the
establishment of a University Centre at each
Interior college as the best means of making
degree-level education available to more
people. We proposed that the centres be
operated by one of the three existing public
universities, preferably in co-operation with
community colleges. The first priority of
each University Centre would be to meet the
needs of the residents in the area it served,
with emphasis on core or basic courses
which would provide opportunity to acquire
the usual, generally accepted academic
qualifications.
Instructors for the courses offered might
be qualified residents of the area appointed
by the university, faculty members at the
community college, or members of the
faculty of one of- the three public
universities who might move to the
University Centre for a specified period or
visit it regularly.
Dr. Winegard was to report to the
provincial government early in September,
1976, and his recommendations therefore
fall outside the time period covered by this
report. He was assisted by a nine-member
advisory panel which included two UBC
representatives — Jindra Kulich, acting
director of the Centre for Continuing
Education, and Prof. Donald MacDougall, of
the Faculty of Law and chairman of the
Senate Committee on Continuing Education.
The faculty of the University also have a
significant impact on the community
through their research or as the result of
reports and studies carried out while they
continue to teach at the University or while
on leave of absence.
Sometimes the varied research of faculty
members and students can have an effect on
a single region of the province. In the
Okanagan Valley of B.C., for instance,
researchers from the Faculties of
Agricultural Sciences, Applied Science,
Forestry and Science have been active for
many years.
The largest single UBC project in the area
was a $234,000 study of the water resources
of the Okanagan basin, carried out in the
early 1970s under a $2 million contract let
by the federal-provincial Okanagan Basin
Study. The overall study resulted in a report
suggesting policies for managing the water
resources of the basin until the year 2020.
Water pollution research will vastly increase
the production of alfalfa and make the
Okanagan an exporter of that valuable
forage crop. Another major contribution was
research on methods of controlling the
volume of water that drains into the basin,
which is a series of interconnected lakes
draining southward into the Columbia River
system in the United States.
The first-ever investigation of logging
practices in the Okanagan was carried out by
Dr. Robert Willington of the UBC Faculty of
Forestry, as part of the same overall study.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences has
by far the most extensive involvement with
the Okanagan over the years. Plant scientists
are co-operating with federal and provincial
government agencies in research to
rehabilitate grasslands used for raising cattle,
and to control diffuse knapweed, a weed
that infests depleted grasslands, by chemical
and biological methods. Plant scientists are
aiding the fruit industry by studying bark
necrosis, a debilitating disorder that reduces
apple production, and a problem of Spartan
apples related to calcium levels in the fruit.
UBC animal scientists are co-operating
with the provincial government in a study of
California bighorn sheep in the Okanagan.
Faculty members and students from the
Faculty of Science have for many years been
visitors to our Geology Field School near
Oliver, where graduate students have
obtained material for advanced degree
theses. Numerous faculty members in
geological sciences have consulted on local
problems.
On the national scene, a member of our
Faculty of Education has had a significant
effect on improving the quality of Canadian
studies in elementary and secondary schools.
Prof. George Tomkins returned to UBC this
year after being on leave of absence since
1971 as co-director of the Canadian Studies
Foundation where he supervised projects in
all provinces designed to develop classroom
materials and teaching methods that reflect
the nature of Canadian society in all its
diversity and help students to understand
and become involved in the Canadian
environment.
Dean David Bates has been appointed to
head a Science Council of Canada study on
the effects of five man-made hazards on
industrial workers and the general public. A
council committee will examine hazards
from lead, asbestos, radiation, organic
chemicals and oxides of nitrogen, or gas
fumes.
Turning to our own province, Prof. Peter
Pearse, of the Department of Economics,
was on leave throughout this academic year
to prepare a report for the provincial
government that is certain to have a major
impact on B.C.'s biggest industry, forestry. The Royal Commission on Forest Resources
is inquiring into a wide range of matters
affecting this key industry, including forest
tenure arrangements and how they affect the
industry, the marketing arrangements for
timber products, and the regulation of
exports of forest products.
UBC's Westwater Research Centre, under
the direction of Prof. Irving Fox, this year
completed its first major study, an
investigation of the Lower Fraser River from
the town of Hope to the sea. The report
provides a foundation for the improvement
of anti-pollution policies and suggests ways
of improving the legal and administrative
arrangements for managing the Lower
Fraser. During the year Westwater began to
make plans for its next project, a five-year
program on the management of B.C.'s
coastal resources.
Our students provided many services to
the community under a $1.1 million
provincial government grant which allowed
450 students to undertake summer work
utilizing the knowledge acquired at UBC.
In the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences,
students in food and plant science produced
a brochure on preserving food by drying it,
continued a Food Information Service that
advised hundreds of citizens on everything
from home-canning methods to the
nutritional value of foods, and established a
horticultural advice service, imaginatively
called the "Hort-Line", to provide advice on
gardening problems and the use of pesticides
and insecticides.
A total of 42 student doctors spent the
summer in centres throughout B.C. getting
first-hand experience in patient care as
assistants to practising physicians. And some
75 law students put their academic training
to use by providing free legal advice to
citizens in many parts of the province.
Students from the School of Physical
Education and Recreation ran a summer
recreation program at Jericho Hill School in
Vancouver for autistic children, who have
emotional and learning problems.
Nearly 1,300 children from the
Vancouver, Surrey and Richmond areas
received free dental services valued at more
than $273,000 at a summer clinic operated
by the Faculty of Dentistry. The clinic was
staffed by 34 senior dental students and 34
dental hygiene students, whose work was
supervised by faculty members.
These few projects will serve to illustrate
how widespread are the services that are
provided by the UBC research staff and
students to the citizens of the nation and the
province.
In beginning this section I said
universities had responsibilities on the
international scene as well, and UBC is no
exception to this.  UBC experts from the
Faculties of Commerce and Business
Administration, Applied Science, Forestry
and Science have been involved in a number
of projects, most of them funded by the
Canadian International Development
Agency, a federal body.
In the early 1960s, UBC began a five-year
program of assistance to the Universities of
Malaya and Singapore which saw ten
members of the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration spend a year or
more in Southeast Asia teaching courses in
accounting, finance, marketing, industrial
relations and business management. Our
involvement with the University of Malaya
was revived in 1972, when it again asked for
help in providing advanced training in
accounting. Over a period of five years ten
Canadian teachers will visit Malayasia under
this program.
UBC is now in the final stages of a
three-year program of assistance, in
co-operation with two other Canadian
universities, which has met its objective of
training 300 masters of science in
engineering at the University of Havana in
Cuba. UBC's contribution to this program
has been to provide experts in the fields of
civil and chemical engineering.
In the 1975-76 academic year, the
University took the first steps to assemble a
Medical student Ken Bums was
one of 22 budding doctors who
spent the summer of 1976
getting first-hand experience in
patient care by assisting
practising doctors in centres
throughout B.C. He assisted a
Kamloops physician and is
shown examining an incubator
baby at Royal Inland Hospital.
The President's Report 1975-76/13 14/The President's Report 1975-76
team of Canadian experts, which will include
UBC faculty members, to prepare a regional
development plan for the island of Sulawesi,
in the Indonesian chain, under a $2 million
CIDA contract. The team will make
recommendations to the Indonesian
government for the development of the
island in such areas as land-use planning,
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, water
resource development, education and health.
Not every overseas project involves teams
of faculty members. Over the years, many
individual teachers and researchers have
served abroad as consultants to governments
or as instructors to overseas universities. In
the coming year, for example, Prof. Leslie
Adamovich, of the Faculty of Forestry, will
be in Malaysia assisting the University of
Pertanian in beginning instruction in
forestry. Prof. R.M. Ellis, of the Department
of Geophysics and Astronomy, has just
returned from a two-year posting by CIDA
to Zaria, Nigeria, where he helped to
establish an applied geophysics program at
Ahmadu Bello University. Prof. Donald B.
Fields, of the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, has recently
returned from the University of Nairobi in
East Africa, where he served as acting dean
of the School of Accounting and assisted in
the development of a program in that
discipline.
In seems appropriate here to mention the
many activities that took place during
1975-76 related to International Women's
Year. When the academic year began on
Sept. 1, 1975, UBC's Dean of Women, Dr.
Margaret Fulton, had already organized an
ad hoc Committee on International Women's
Year, which initiated, co-ordinated or
participated in a program of events that
extended right through the winter session to
the spring of 1976. The highlights of this
program included participation in Women's
Week, sponsored by the student Women's
Office; assistance to a conference on
"Women in Motion - Health, Sport and
Recreation"; a Women in Art exhibition in
the Student Union Building art gallery; panel
discussions on the changing function of
women in modern society and women in
India; and a five-week series of films on
women.
One of the changing characteristics of the
nature of the University population in recent
years has been the steady increase in the
number of women as a percentage of the
total enrolment. Women now make up 44.1
per cent of the total student population and
49 per cent of the first-year enrolment.
Many are mature women, some with
children to support, who are returning to
University to update their knowledge, before
returning to the work force. There are 90
women who are single parents living with
their children in University housing with all
the attendant problems of making ends meet
on marginal incomes. Dean Fulton's office
assists women students to solve their
problems and works to help them fulfill
their potential.
In this connection, I would like to report
that during the academic year I took steps to
initiate a series of studies aimed at improving
conditions for women throughout the
University. I have asked for a study, to be
carried out in co-operation with campus
unions, of personnel policies and working
conditions for women in non-academic
posts. All deans were asked to describe their
plans to provide special help to
undergraduates concerning the possibility of
graduate study in fields where present
enrolment is largely of one sex. I have asked
the deans for data on the proportion of
women in both academic and professional
employment in the fields studied in their
faculties, and a statement of how this is
taken into account in the faculties' hiring
and admissions policies. I have asked our
Student Services office to set up programs to
take faculty members into high schools to
make students more aware of the
possibilities of study in fields traditionally
closed to one sex or another.
Each dean was also asked for a list of four
or five of the top women academics in each
discipline taught in his faculty. When faculty
openings occur, the president's office will
try to provide extra funds to attract one of
these women to the position.
In September, 1975, I established a
committee to investigate salary differentials
for faculty men and women and $100,000
was set aside to correct any inequities
discovered. That committee reported to me
before the end of the academic year and
their recommendations were approved by
the Board of Governors in July, 1976. The
committee found 29 inequities, and the 29
women received salary increases of varying
amounts retroactive to July 1, 1975, to give
them parity with their male counterparts. University
finances
The single most sobering experience for
me in my first year as UBC's chief executive
officer has unquestionably been adjusting
the University's financial operation to take
into account an effective reduction in the
provincial operating grant and the
continuing problem of inflation, which has
affected all aspects of University finances in
recent years.
The provincial government operating
grant to the University for the 1975-76 fiscal
year was $91,988,957. Despite the fact that
this was the largest amount ever allocated to
the University, the Board of Governors was
forced to eliminate nearly $600,000 for
planned new academic programs from our
budget and to seek economies in day-to-day
operations.
The provincial operating grant constitutes
approximately 84 per cent of our general
funds operating budget. The other main
source of revenue is student tuition and
other fees, which make up about 11 per
cent. This latter source, incidentally, has
been steadily declining as a percentage of
our revenues. The remaining revenues —
some 5 per cent — are derived from services,
investment income and miscellaneous
sources.
Our 1975-76 expenditures from general
funds divide into five major categories: 74.1
per cent for academic purposes; 7.4 per cent
for support of libraries; 2.2 per cent for
student services and scholarships; 4.6 per
cent for administration and general
purposes; and 11.7 per cent for physical
plant, including renovations and alterations
of facilities. For many years, UBC has
ranked number one in a survey of Canada's
largest universities in terms of the percentage
of funds allocated for academic and
associated academic purposes. The same
survey, which is carried out annually by the
Canadian Association of University Business
Officers, shows that UBC ranks lowest of the
23 universities in costs of administration,
plant maintenance and general expenditures.
Put another way, about 83 per cent of
our general funds expenditures in 1975-76
were for salaries and wages, and only 17 per
cent for non-salary items.
The University arrives at its operating
estimates only after a long process of
consultation and discussion across the
University. The process begins at the
departmental level. Departmental requests
are discussed in detail with the faculty
deans, who make their budget submissions
to the president after additional consultation
and discussion. Again, there is considerable
consultation and discussion with each dean,
often resulting in further revisions and
additional consultation in the faculty.
The president is also required to discuss
the entire University budget with the Senate
budget committee, which gives advice on
further revisions. Finally, after this long
process the president recommends a budget
to the Board of Governors, which has the
final authority over such matters. Only after
Board approval are the official operating
estimates submitted to the Universities
Council. These estimates, arrived at after
months of concentrated effort on the part of
hundreds of people, represent the final
collective best judgment of the University's
needs for the coming year.
The University's estimates for the
1976-77 fiscal year were submitted to the
council in August, 1975. In October the
federal government announced its
anti-inflation guidelines, which resulted in a
request from the provincial government to
the council to revise its recommendation to
take the guidelines into account. The council
in turn asked the universities to reduce the
salaries and wages component of their
requests by 10 per cent.
Accordingly, UBC's requested increase
for the 1976-77 fiscal year was reduced from
$35.7 million to $23.89 million,
representing a 26 per cent increase over the
previous year. Of this increase
approximately $7 million was required to
meet carry-over commitments, i.e. salary
increases, necessary staff increases and other
items which have been agreed on in the
course of the preceding year and to which
the University was committed.
Some explanation is required about
carry-over commitments, a practice which
has been used by the universities for many
years with the knowledge and consent of the
government.
The University's appointment and salary
year for faculty runs from July 1 to June 30.
There are also several union contracts with
other annual dates. The fiscal year, however,
is April 1 to March 31. Each year there are
faculty salary increases taking effect on July
1 which must be paid through to the
following June 30, or three months past the
end of the fiscal year and into the new fiscal
year.
These salary increases are not for one
year only. They are permanent
commitments that continue; the money to
pay for them must therefore also be
continuing so that it becomes a permanent
part of the University's operating base. Thus,
a part of our annual requested increase in
operating grant has been to provide for such
commitments.
The President's Report 1975-76/15 16/The President's Report 1975-76
Summary §f
Revenue
and
Expen
diture
(Excluding Capital Additions to Endowment, Student Loan and Capital Development Funds)
April 1, 1975 to March 31, 1976
GENERAL FUNDS
TRUST FUNDS
TOTAL
1974-75
REVENUE
For Specific
Per Cent
Purposes
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
$ 91,988,957
83.6
—
—
$ 91,988,957
67.8
$74,081,388
65.6
Student Fees
12,402,530
11.3
—
—
12,402,530
9.1
11,210,600
9.9
Services
4,347,157
3.9
3,683,245
14.4
8,030,402
5.9
5,907,986
5.2
Investment Income
1,169,439
1.1
2,267,014
8.9
3,436,453
2.5
3,213,892
2.9
Sponsored or Assisted Research
—
—
16,538,114
64.7
16,538,114
12.2
15,829,668
14.0
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
—
—
3,079,873
12.0
3,079,873
2.3
2,629,353
2.3
Miscellaneous
EXPENDITURE
173,764
$110,081,847
0.1
100.0
—
—
173,764
$135,650,093
0.2
100.0
119,774
$112,992,661
0.1
100.0
$25,568,246
100.0
Academic
$ 81,617,033
74.1
$ 5,399,747
21.1
$ 87,016,780
64.1
$ 69,636,212
61.6
Libraries
8,208,259
7.5
121,387
0.5
8,329,646
6.1
6,940,508
6.2
Sponsored or Assisted Research
(270,510)
(0.2)
16,866,575
66.0
16,596,065
12.2
15,295,884
13.5
Student Services
1,736,393
1.6
325,102
1.3
2,061,495
1.5
1,688,588
1.5
Scholarships and Bursaries
712,427
0.6
1,800,012
7.0
2,512,439
1.9
2,375,991
2.1
Administration
5,121,699
4.6
39,500
0.1
5,161,199
3.8
4,117,211
3.7
Plant Maintenance
12,138,221
11.0
—
—
12,138,221
8.9
9,638,135
8.5
Renovations and Alterations
756,390
0.7
—
—
756,390
0.6
1,145,068
1.0
Ancillary Enterprises
346,552
$110,366,464
0.3
100.2
—
—
346,552
$134,918,787
0.3
99.4
236,792
$111,074,389
0.2
98.3
$24,552,323
96.0
EXCESS OF REVENUE OVER EXPENDITURE
— General Purposes
(284,617)
(0.2)
—
—
(284,617)
(0.2)
(300,031)
(0.3)
— Specific Purposes
—
—
1,015,923
$25,568,246
4.0
1,015,923
$135,650,093
0.8
2,218,303
$112,992,661
2.0
100.0
$110,081,847
100.0
100.0
100.0
The President's Report 1975-76/17 18/The President's Report 1975-76
In the spring of 1976, the minister of
education decided to try to deal with the
problem of carry-over commitments by
means of a supplementary grant which he
felt would remove the additional pressure
for increases created by these commitments.
In March, the minister introduced a special
warrant to make at least partial provision for
carry-over commitments. UBC's share was
$4.5 million, which was short by $2.5
million of our carry-over commitments.
The University informed the minister that
since the funds were for continuing
commitments this $4.5 million was being
incorporated into the operating base of the
budget for 1976-77. If the $4.5 million had
been treated as a one-time supplement, it
would have meant that it could not be used
to meet permanent carry-over commitments.
This, in turn, would have meant either
reducing our 1976-77 budget by $4.5
million or avoiding any further
commitments in July, which in effect would
mean granting no salary increases. In the
judgment of the administration these were
not reasonable alternatives.
The increase announced by the
government later in March resulted in UBC
receiving an operating increase of 8.02 per
cent. This amount, coupled with the amount
of the special warrant, resulted in an increase
in UBC's government grant of 12.9 per cent
for the 1976-77 fiscal year. The increase
requested for the universities had been 26
per cent. This meant UBC was faced with a
serious shortfall.
We had no alternative but to engage again
in lengthy negotiations with deans and the
heads of non-academic departments to cut
back our provisional budget by $1.8 million
in order to arrive at an operating budget for
1976-77. Our negotiations with the Faculty
Association, which had to go to binding
arbitration, resulted in an overall salary
increase of 8 per cent, plus .5 per cent to
remedy inequities.
The net result was a 1976-77 operating
budget of $123,061,116, comprising a total
provincial grant of $103,920,766, and
student fees and other revenue of
$19,140,350. Our expenditures for the same
year will amount to $103,617,333 for
salaries and $19,443,783 for non-salary
items.
I have already mentioned that a
significant process involved in arriving at the
estimated operating costs is collective
bargaining with the Faculty Association
representing our teaching and research staff
and librarians, and with the seven unions
representing our employed staff.
Our negotiations with the Faculty
Association are the result of an agreement
between the University and the association
which   provides   for   collective   bargaining
outside the Labor Code of B.C. This
agreement, which resulted from six months
of negotiation and was approved by
association members and the Board of
Governors, was signed in December, 1975. It
establishes the association as sole collective
bargaining agent for UBC's full-time
teachers, librarians, and continuing
education program directors. It also allows
groups of members, with the consent of the
association, to negotiate subsidiary salary
agreements after a master agreement has
been reached.
The agreement prohibits strikes by the
Faculty Association and lockouts of
members of the bargaining unit by the
University, and sets out in detail an
arbitration system for economic and other
matters. Matters subject to negotiation are
salaries; fringe benefits; items that have
financial implications for UBC, such as leave
of absence; and matters contained in a
second document on conditions of
employment.
The agreement provides for bargaining on
economic matters to begin on May 31 for
the year commencing July 1 of the next
calendar year. If agreement has not been
reached by June 30, matters in dispute are
submitted to an arbitrator chosen before
negotiations begin. This means that salaries
and other economic benefits are settled
before the University formulates its budget
for the next fiscal year. Negotiations can be
reopened if the amount of the government
grant is more than 2 per cent less than the
amount requested. Matters not settled are
again submitted to an arbitrator.
The University and the association also
signed a second agreement on conditions of
employment covering criteria and
procedures for appointment, reappointment,
promotion, and the granting of tenure. In
addition to revising the section of the
Faculty Handbook that sets out conditions
of appointment for teaching and research
staff, this second document for the first time
establishes appeal procedures for settling
disputes on reappointment, promotion and
tenure.
In August, 1975, the University began
negotiations with the Association of
University and College Employees, Local 1,
which represents some 1,300 clerical and
library support staff, for a new collective
agreement. After 29 meetings between
University and union representatives, the
University requested a mediator, who
presided over 11 more meetings. In early
December, the union rejected the best offer
that UBC could make and went on strike
just before the Christmas exams. The
University decided that it would remain
open and that exams would be held on
schedule.   In   making   this   decision,   the University emphasized that students would
not be penalized if they felt they could not
cross the union picket lines to write
examinations. The union lifted its picket line
and returned to work on Dec. 10, one week
after the strike began. After further
negotiations, the University and the union
just before Christmas signed a memorandum
of agreement for a one-year collective
agreement.
The negotiations with AUCE, which
received an increase of 19.1 per cent under
the new agreement, were complicated by the
fact that the federal government announced
the formation of the Anti-Inflation Board in
the midst of negotiations. The offer
accepted by the union was made by the
University before the AIB guidelines were
announced and was in line with average
increases being granted in B.C. at that time.
When the new agreement was signed, the
University and the union agreed to make
joint application to the AIB for approval of
the settlement. The AIB had reached no
decision on the agreement when the 1975-76
academic year ended on Aug. 31.
Another matter that relates to our total
fiscal situation is the proposed expansion of
our medical school. On March 9, the
provincial ministers of education and health
called on the University to double the size of
the medical class from the present 80
students to 160 a year. At the same time the
ministers announced that $50 million was
available, in matched provincial and federal
health resource funds, to build a campus
teaching hospital of 240 beds, provide
additional basic science facilities required for
the expansion on the campus, and update
the clinical teaching facilities at downtown
hospitals affiliated with the University. The
ministers asked the University to submit
within 60 days a plan for accomplishing the
expansion of the medical class.
After consultation with the Board of
Governors, and the dean and academic and
clinical department heads in the Faculty of
Medicine, it was decided that the University
should respond positively to the
government's challenge. A report was
prepared in consultation with the downtown
teaching hospitals setting out the necessary
conditions under which the University
would'be prepared to consider expanding its
medical class. It was determined that
minimally adequate facilities to handle the
enlarged class could be built with the capital
funds proposed.
We realized, however, that the increased
operating funds needed to accomplish the
class expansion would have to be provided in
a way that would not adversely affect the
funding of the University's other academic
functions, including the present operations
of the Faculty of Medicine. It was therefore
stated forcefully in our report that before
embarking on any expansion plan the
University would require firm assurances
that the funding of the medical class
expansion would be provided independently,
without impinging on the rest of the
University's operating support. In short, we
have constantly insisted on the necessity of
protecting the operations of the University
as a whole from potential adverse effects.
The University's expansion proposal was
submitted to the government within the
60-day time limit. It was then referred to an
11-member Task Force on Medical Teaching
Facilities established by the provincial
government. We are hoping for an early
response from the government so that the
proposal can get the necessary academic
approval by the Faculty of Medicine, the
University Senate and the Board of
Governors.
From what I have said in this section of
my report, I think it is clear that the
University faces a situation with serious
fiscal and academic implications. We are
doing all we can to increase the operating
grant from the provincial government by
presenting a reasoned and reasonable request
to the Universities Council and the
government, and by pressing our case as
strongly as possible. We are examining our
non-tuition sources of revenue to discover
every possible means of increasing these in
any reasonable way.
We are faced also with the possibility of
having to increase our revenue from tuition
fees to help offset a possible shortfall. I
personally believe in the lowest possible
tuition fees, because I am concerned about
maintaining maximum accessibility to higher
education. However, I also believe strongly
in maintaining the quality of education. For
these reasons, my personal desire is to keep
any necessary increase in tuition fees at the
lowest level consistent with maintaining high
academic standards at UBC.
In looking at ways to reduce
expenditures, we will consider first those
that will least affect our academic programs.
But since most of our budget goes for
academic functions it is clear that if cuts
must be made they are bound to affect the
academic enterprise. We may have to face
the prospect of reductions in our academic
offerings, larger classes, increased teaching
loads. If, after appropriate consultation, the
need is there, sacrifice will be required from
everyone.
The President's Report 1975-76/19 20/The President's Report 1975-76
L^apitai
financing and
new buildings
Before going into the University's current
building program, let me describe the
situation with regard to capital financing in
1975-76.
The University's capital budget in the
fiscal year was $12,563,000, made up of
$10,323,000 from the provincial
government, $1,740,000 carried forward
from the 1974-75 capital budget, and
$500,000 from other sources. All of these
funds are committed for projects currently
under construction and we are unable to
proceed with any new projects to reduce the
large backlog of campus building needs.
When the provincial government
announced the 1975-76 operating grants, it
made clear that no capital would be
allocated to the universities for new projects.
Instead, there was to be only a
comparatively small sum for necessary
maintenance and renovation of existing
facilities.
Later in the year, the minister of
education announced that university capital
projects would be handled quite differently
in the future. Previously, the universities
submitted each year a list of capital project
priorities and the government allocated a
certain amount, separate from operating
grants, for some of these projects.
In the spring sesion of the Legislature, the
government passed Bill 46, the B.C.
Educational Institutions Financing
Authority Act, under which a borrowing
authority was established for the funding of
capital building projects at the universities.
The act provides for the funding of projects
by borrowing the necessary money through
a government borrowing authority, with the
government guaranteeing the repayment and
amortization costs.
UBC was then asked by the Universities
Council to submit for immediate
consideration a list of buildings and facilities
which are underway but in need of funds to
be completed. Three projects were
submitted: the Library Processing Centre,
which is needed because the existing
facilities in the Main Library have been
declared by the factory inspector to be
sub-standard in working conditions; the
Aquatic Centre, now underway and funded
in part by a student levy and student,
faculty and outside fund-raising; and the
Asian Centre, of which only the first phase
has been completed. We have yet to hear
from the council or the government about
these projects.
The University has also been asked to
submit a complete list of our building
priorities for consideration under the new
borrowing authority system. This will
necessitate a re-examination of the priorities
recommended by the Senate Committee on
Academic Building Needs in 1974. This list,
after approval by the Board of Governors,
will be forwarded to the Universities Council
for submission to the government.
During the 1975-76 academic year, the
Board of Governors authorized the award of
a contract to construct Stage 1 of the
Aquatic Centre, and accepted as
substantially complete Stage 1 of the Asian
Centre, Stage 1 of a new facility for the
Department of Anthropology and Sociology,
field facilities for the Department of Plant
Science, an addition to the General Services
Administration Building, and a new service
garage for the Department of Physical Plant.
Construction continued on the new
Extended Care Unit in the Health Sciences
Centre, the new north wing of the Biological
Sciences Building, and further development
of the University's Botanical Garden.
Four major facilities opened during the
academic year were the TRIUMF project,
the Museum of Anthropology, the B.C.
Mental Retardation Institute, and two new
wings to the Henry Angus Building.
TRIUMF. TRIUMF was officially opened
on February 9, 1976, by Prime Minister
Trudeau, who used the occasion to
announce that the federal government would
provide funds needed to bring the cyclotron
beam at this nuclear facility to full power.
Ten years ago the TRIUMF project
became the right idea, at the right time and
at the right place. The conceptual notion
was that of Prof. Reginald Richardson. He
was the first to conceive of the breakthrough
in accelerator technology which made a
meson facility of this kind possible. The
physicists at our University were the right
ones to build it. And of equal importance,
the traditional warm relations among the
four western universities made it possible to
achieve the kind of inter-university
co-operation necessary for a project of this
magnitude. I am pleased to report that all
four universities namely, UBC, the
University of Alberta, the University of
Victoria, and Simon Fraser University,
recognized the opportunity and readily
accepted and met the challenges presented
by the project. Moreover, they have
continued to manage the project with a
spirit that few thought possible. Hopefully,
this kind of spirit may set a useful precedent and model for future inter-university
co-operation and enterprise for Canadian
science. I should mention that all four
universities contributed substantial sums of
money in order to provide the buildings
which the project required. For the other
universities, it meant contributing funds to a
building on another campus.
Moreover, this University is particularly
pleased at the number of our professors who
contributed their efforts to the achievement
of this facility. For the past eight years,
Profs. John Warren, Erich Vogt, Kari
Erdman, Bruce White, Michael Craddock,
Garth Jones, David Measday, Edward Auld,
David Axen, Richard Johnson, and many
others have worked long hours on the
TRIUMF site. In addition, they also worked
full time at teaching. We are grateful to
them.
We hope that TRIUMF will now provide
many years of first-rate science. TRIUMF
will be used for pure research and will also
be one of the most advanced centres in the
world for the treatment of cancer by
radiation. The cyclotron can produce intense
secondary beams of pi-mesons, which have
properties that make them useful for
treating some kinds of cancer. They can
deliver high radiation doses to the site of the
cancer with relatively little damage to
surrounding healthy tissue. Before humans
are treated, extensive experiments will be
conducted using tissue cultures and
experimental animals.
MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY. May
30, 1976, was an historic occasion for The
University of British Columbia, for it was on
that day that the new Museum of
Anthropology, overlooking the Strait of
Georgia and the North Shore mountains, was
officially opened by His Excellency Jules
Leger, the Governor-General of Canada.
Since this Museum represents an
important addition to the cultural life of our
country and province, it seems appropriate
here to put on record the many individuals
who contributed to the vision of this
Museum, the historical themes underlying its
construction, and the functions that the
Museum may play in our lives.
Any museum, of course, has the function
of preserving the past. It is a place we can
enter to regain a sense of our past. From
that, we can gain a better understanding of
our present, and, most important, find
inspiration for our future, particularly if we
view the collections as reflections of high
human creativity.
These functions are central to any
museum. And yet, with this Museum there is
a difference. The bulk of the materials on
display are the artistic and cultural creations
of the Indian people of this part of the
world. Their past does not yet belong to us.
But it is one which we can share if we are
willing to make the effort, to pay the price.
Part of that price is that we learn more
about that past — and that is one of the
main purposes of this museum. It is a
learning museum. With these beautiful
artifacts, the people who made them are
permitting us to share their culture, their
history, to make it ours as well.
Of equal importance, this museum is a
living museum. In a way, it is a house of
spirits. Behind the masks, the large totem
poles, house posts carved with animals, the
dishes, the rattles, the ceremonial robes,
stand the spirits of the human beings who
made them. Until we can sense the presence
of these spirits and feel the human bond
between ourselves and these people, these
objects and the pople who made them and
their living children cannot be truly alive for
us. In this deep sense, the museum is a place
of discovery. We, along with their
descendants, can discover the thousand
beauties left us by people who lived before
us in this beautiful land. We can discover a
better understanding of another culture,
another way of life. Most of all, if we can
learn to see not just the objects, but the
Prime Minister Trudeati
officially opened UBC's new
TRIUMF nuclear research
facility in February, 1976. He's
shown unveiling a plaque
commemorating the occasion.
The President's Report 1975-76/21 Massive Indian carvings, above, dominate the great hall of UBC's new Anthropology
Museum. Materials in the Museum, below, are a rich resource for research.
people who made them, we can discover a
part of ourselves and gain a deeper appreciation of the complexities of mankind.
The construction of the museum, which
has both academic and public functions, was
aided in part by a $2,500,000 grant from the
federal government as part of the
$10,000,000 federal fund established to
mark the 100th anniversary of B.C.'s entry
into Confederation. Prime Minister Trudeau,
in announcing this centennial gift in 1971,
stated that the purpose of the grant was to
house the University's collection of over
10,000 pieces of Northwest Coast Indian art,
valued at approximately $10,000,000, and
the Walter and Marianne Koerner
masterwork collection of native art. The
University's holdings also include three
collections from Classical Europe, North and
South American Indian cultures, India,
Africa and the Far East. It was the generous
promise of the Koerner Collection that was
most instrumental in leading the federal
government to earmark a major portion of
its centennial gift for the Museum. The total
cost of the project was $4.3 million.
Three major factors determined the
historical development of the University's
collections: the generosity of many B.C.
individuals, a warm and close relationship
between native craftsmen and the University
faculty, and an active faculty in
anthropology.
Prior to 1947, through a contribution of
Mr. Frank Burnett, the University had
acquired a collection of 1,200 artifacts from
the South Seas. These fine items were
housed in a small room in the main library.
In 1947, Dr. Harry B. Hawthorn was
appointed the first professor of
anthropology. Under his scholarly guidance,
and that of his wife Audrey, for many years
the curator of the Museum, the University
acquired some 10,000 Pacific Coast Indian
artifacts over a period of 28 years. With the
generosity of the late Dr. H.R. MacMillan,
who financed the acquisition of more than
2,000 objects, and Dr. Walter C. Koerner
and others, the University was able to obtain
totem poles, cedar houseframes, masks,
dishes, rattles and other carvings. In
addition, the University has acquired an
80,000-piece collection of archeological
research materials from the prehistoric
period of B.C. Indian history, accumulated
over a period of 25 years from sites
excavated by Dr. Charles Borden, now
Professor Emeritus of Archeology.
A second factor stands out in the early
development of the Museum of
Anthropology at this University. With a
strong commitment from the University,
Mungo Martin, a ranking chief of the Fort
Rupert   Kwakiutl   people   of  northern Vancouver Island and a great carver, started
a carving program on campus. Under his
tutelage, a new line of carvers of Indian art
started. Bill Reid, the Haida carver, Douglas
Cranmer of the Nimpkish, Bob Davidson,
another Haida carver, and others worked
with Mungo Martin to save and create old
and new carvings. The Kwakiutl section on
campus was Martin's creation. The Haida
section was the creation of Bill Reid and
Douglas Cranmer. Not surprisingly, Mungo
Martin also encouraged Indian families to
sell their family heirlooms to the Museum
rather than to dealers.
While we do not have the space to list all
of the scholars who assisted Dr. and Mrs.
Hawthorn for three decades in their cramped
quarters in the main library, two leading
scholars of Asia greatly helped the
Hawthorns in the 1950s: Dr. Ronald P. Dore
in the area of Japanese culture and Dr.
Ping-Ti Ho in the area of Chinese cultural
history. Florence Fyfe-Smith donated a large
collection of Asian material, in addition to
an acquisition and maintenance fund. With
the retirement of Dr. Harry Hawthorn, the
Museum has a new director, Dr. Michael
Ames.
Finally, some general observations about
the conceptual ideas that lay behind the
design of the Museum should be briefly
noted. The basic principle of a teaching and
discovery museum was that all the
ethnographic collections should be on open
display. Thus, the Museum has no storage
rooms in the traditional sense, for all its
collections are on display in well-lighted
cabinets or open areas for immediate public
access or scholarly examination. This plan
for free intellectual discovery and many
other  innovative  plans, conceived by the
Great hall of UBC's new
Museum of Anthropology,
above, designed by Vancouver
architect Arthur Erickson, looks
out over the waters of the Strait
of Georgia and the mountains to
the north of campus.
Hon. Jules Leger, second from
right below, Canada's Governor-
General, tours UBC's new
Museum of Anthropology after
officially opening the building at
an outdoor ceremony held on
May 30, 1976. With the
Governor-General are museum
director Dr. Michael Ames, right;
President Douglas Kenny, left;
and UBC Chancellor Donovan
Miller. Two new additions to the Henry
Angus Building were officially
opened at a February, 1976,
ceremony. One of the additions
bears the name of Dean
Emeritus E.D. MacPhee, second
from left, former head of the
Faculty 'of Commerce and
Business Administration. Shown
with Dr. MacPhee at opening
ceremony are Chancellor
Donovan Miller, left; President
Douglas Kenny, right; and Dr.
Walter Hardwick, currently on
leave from UBC as deputy
minister of education for B.C.
24/The President's Report 1975-76
Hawthorns and other members of the
Planning and Co-ordinating Committee of
the Museum, were incorporated into the
plans for the Museum by Vancouver
architect Arthur Erickson. The "visual
storage" cases, cabinets and display details
were designed by Rudy Kovach.
B.C. MENTAL RETARDATION
INSTITUTE. On May 20, 1976, a new
building to house the B.C. Mental
Retardation Institute was opened as part of
the University's Health Sciences Centre. The
new building will provide services to
mentally-handicapped children of pre-school
age and serve as a centre for the education
and training of students who plan to work
with the handicapped after graduation. The
building contains four classrooms, a
pre-school activity centre and facilities for
interviews, training sessions and other
activities. A wing of the building houses a
hydrotherapy unit.
Dr. Charlotte David, of UBC's Faculty ot
Education, was instrumental in the founding
of the B.C. Mental Retardation Institute in
1967 and has served as its co-ordinator since
that year. For the past nine years, the
institute has offered a one-year diploma
course at the graduate level for students in a
variety of fields, including education,
psychology, social work, nursing and
medicine, and has extended its work through
interdisciplinary seminars, community
workshops   and   professional   education
programs in association with the Research
Unit for Exceptional Children at UBC.
The new building to house the institute
was made possible largely through the
fund-raising efforts of two organizations —
the Variety Club of Western Canada and the
Vancouver Sun - which raised nearly $1
million through public appeals. The Variety
Club, with the co-operation of British
Columbia Television, staged a 20-hour
telethon in February which resulted in
pledges of $754,000. Readers of the
Vancouver Sun contributed $240,000
through that paper's House of Hope
Christmas campaigns in 1974 and 1975.
Fittingly, the building is named for the late
Bob Berwick, a well-known Vancouver
architect and a founding member of the
Variety Club, and the hydrotherapy wing is
named for the late William T. Gait, the
managing editor of the Sun, who initiated'
the House of Hope campaign.
The Variety Club, at its annual awards
dinner in March, recognized the long and
devoted service of Dr. David in setting up
the UBC centre for training students to work
with the mentally retarded. She richly
deserved the club's Heart Award.
The new centre will not only give hope to
the parents and friends of the handicapped;
it will also offer new opportunities to
students who wish to contribute to the
important work of helping the handicapped
to develop as fully as possible. We are deeply
indebted to our many friends in the
community who helped to make the
Berwick Centre a reality.
ADDITIONS TO THE HENRY ANGUS
BUILDING. Two major additions to the
Henry Angus Building were officially opened
on February 12, 1976. Both wings will
provide additional teaching and research
space for the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration. The largest
addition at the south end of the building has
been named the E.D. MacPhee Executive
Conference Centre in honor of Dean
Emeritus MacPhee, who was head of the
Commerce faculty from 1950 to 1960. In
the same decade he served as honorary
bursar of the University, and on retirement
was named Dean of Administrative and
Financial Affairs, a post he held until 1963.
He was a unique and familiar figure on the
campus during that period, chiefly because
of his unvarying dress — a dark suit, wing
collar and black bow tie. The title he bore of
honorary bursar was, of course, pure fiction.
It was common knowledge on the campus in
those days that to advance one's financial
aspirations within the University
community, one had to prove the proposal
was "MacPheesible". Dean MacPhee's contributions to the
growth and development of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration are
almost too numerous to mention. He
transformed Commerce from a school to a
full-fledged faculty, introduced new options
and programs into the curriculum and,
perhaps most important, pioneered the
development of continuing education
programs in commerce by taking the
expertise of his faculty to every corner of
the province. I am delighted that the current
administration of the faculty sees a
continuation and expansion of these
programs started during Dean MacPhee's
tenure as an item of major priority.
The same ceremony saw the University
pay tribute to a member of the community
who has made a significant contribution to
the university system of B.C. A new
audio-visual theatre in one of the additions
to the Henry Angus Building has been
named for Mr. Cyrus H. McLean, who served
as co-chairman of the 3 Universities' Capital
Fund which raised $18 million for capital
construction at UBC, Simon Fraser
University, and the University of Victoria in
the 1960s. Mr. McLean was for many years
chairman of the B.C. Telephone Company,
served on the board of the B.C. Research
Council, and was a member of the Senate
and Board of Governors of Simon Fraser
University.
Several members of the Commerce
faculty deserve mention for their part in
making the additions to the Henry Angus
Building a reality. These include former
deans Philip White and Noel Hall, Associate
Dean Colin Gourlay, and especially Professor
James Warren, who was associated with the
project from its inception to completion.
All the facilities described above are
important additions to the teaching, research
and outreach aspects of the University. They
will provide students, teachers and the
general public with new opportunities for
learning and discovery, the central functions
of this University. And because each of the
above facilities also embodies a
public-service function, each will contribute
to improving the quality of life that we
enjoy in British Columbia.
The Board made one additional decision
regarding new campus buildings at its July,
1976, meeting. It approved a
recommendation that the new Faculty of
Law building be named the George F. Curtis
Building, for Dean Emeritus Curtis, who was
the founding head of the faculty when it was
opened in 1945 and who retired as dean in
1971. Dean Emeritus Curtis continues to be
active in the law school as a teacher.
The University's Library system
represents, in microcosm, the dilemma faced
by UBC in trying to keep pace with inflation
and the problems resulting from the shortfall
in operating grants from the provincial
government. Despite an increase in the
Library budget, the number of hours the
system was open had to be reduced and
fewer professional librarians, support staff,
and student assistants were available to
provide service to the University and
off-campus communities in 1975-76. In an
attempt to offset mounting financial
pressures, the Library was forced to
introduce fees for some services which have
been free in the past. An inter-library loan
fee of $8.00 per item was introduced to
recover the costs of providing materials to
other institutions, and off-campus users of
MEDLINE, a computerized medical data
base located in the United States, must now
pay a fee for this service.
Shortly after the academic year began,
the Library introduced an austerity program
when it became evident that the $1.44
million allocated for acquiring new material
would be inadequte to sustain the vital
collections program. For the balance of the
fiscal year only essential staff positions were
filled and minimal supplies purchased. These
and other measures recovered more than
$300,000 for the collections budget.
Some idea of the effect that inflation has
had on Library activities can be gained from
the following figures: five years ago
$1,214,875 was spent to add 136,626
volumes to the collection; in 1975-76 a total
of $1,741,021 was spent to add 97,474
volumes. The average cost thus doubled
from $8.89 to $17.86 per book.
The administration, with the support of
the Senate Library and Budget Committees,
has responded to the serious situation faced
by the Library. Both committees made
strong recommendations to the Board of
Governors and the administration urging
increases to meet Library needs.
Accordingly, the Library's collections
budget was increased to $1,855,087 for the
1976-77 fiscal year. This increase, combined
with a reduction of $65,000 worth of
periodical subscriptions, will ensure that the
number of items acquired will be
approximately equal to the number acquired
in 1975-76.
Despite these problems, the UBC Library
system maintained its position as the second
largest library in Canada, after the University
The President's Report 1975-76/25 of Toronto. The collection is made up of
more than 4,000,000 items - some
1,800,000 physical volumes and some
2,300,000 government documents, films,
filmstrips, videotapes, slides, transparencies,
pictures, maps, microfilms, recordings and
data tapes.
The recorded use of the Library's
collections declined slightly by 3 per cent.
UBC's chief librarian, Basil Stuart-Stubbs,
says this was the result of the December,
1975, strike by clerical and support staff,
and the introduction of new loan regulations
in January, 1976, which included a provision
for an extended-loan period to enable
borrowers to retain books for longer periods.
This latter provision reduced the number of
renewals. Library staff answered more than
304,000 queries during the year and a survey
carried out in October revealed that 16.7 per
cent of the questions received by reference
librarians are from persons not affiliated
with UBC.
While the story of the Library is one of
inadequate space, shortage of staff and a
general inadequacy of funds to meet the
needs of the University and the wider
community it serves, I am pleased to take
this opportunity to give my thanks to the
University Librarian, Mr. Stuart-Stubbs, and
his excellent staff for excellent work in a
time of difficulty.
Student
v3111 \J J. A AI. Oi. JL I
1975-76
26/The President's Report 1975-76
A total of 31,005 students enrolled at the
University in the 1975-76 academic year for
credit programs. This total was made up of
24,715 registrations for the regular daytime
Winter Session, including 1,099 registrations
for late afternoon, evening and off-campus
courses; 726 students who enrolled for
correspondence courses; 2,145 registrants
for the 1976 May-July Intersession; and
4,145 Summer Session students.
An interesting aspect of our regular
Winter Session enrolment is the increasing
percentage of part-time students. Of the
24,715 registrations in 1975-76, nearly 20
per cent were part-time students enrolled for
less than 12 units of academic work. In
1973-74, 16.8 per cent of the student Winter
Session enrolment was in this category.
On July 1, 1976, a new Office of
Extra-Sessional   Studies   was   created   to
co-ordinate part-time degree programs
offered by the University during the late
afternoon and evening and on the weekends,
as well as credit programs offered during the
May-July Intersession and the Summer
Session. Dr. Norman Watt, director of UBC's
Summer Session, was named director of the
new office.
The establishment of the office reflects
the growth in the number of people who
wish to take credit courses leading to degrees
outside the regular daytime Winter Session.
The new administrative structure was agreed
on after discussions involving the deans of
Arts, Education and Science, the director of
Summer Session, and the Centre for
Continuing Education, which will continue
to be responsible for credit courses held
abroad and independent study programs.
The prerogatives of each faculty will be
maintained and strengthened with regard to
academic requirements for degrees, content
and format of courses, and appointment of
lecturers. The deans of Arts, Education and
Science will each appoint a co-ordinator who
will work closely with the new office in
organizing programs and courses of study.
Dr. Watt will be advised by a
co-ordinating council that will be reponsible
for long-range development plans, budget
implications, guidelines regarding maximum
units taught and taken during Intersession
and Summer Session, the financial
implications of the enrolment of regular day
students in evening classes, and other
academic matters.
Enrolments for UBC's annual Intersession
have increased sharply over the past five
years. A total of 2,145 students were
registered in 1976, compared to 882 in
1971.
The 1976 Summer Session - the 57th
held by the University — enrolled 4,145
students, an increase of 2.32 per cent over
1975, when 4,051 students enrolled. In
addition, 600 senior citizens took advantage
of special-interest non-credit courses and 22
enrolled for regular Summer Session credit
courses. Summer enrolment was highest in
the Faculty of Education with 2,335
registrants, followed by the Faculty of Arts
with 759. There were 434 registrations for
courses in the Faculty of Science, 255 in
Commerce and Business Administration, 35
in Agricultural Sciences and 279 in other
faculties and departments.
Three hundred instructors were
appointed to the Summer Session faculty,
including 70 visiting professors from
England, Scotland, Malaysia, Japan,
Australia, South Africa and the United
States. There were 157 courses offered in
Education and 179 in other faculties.
Sixty-one Summer Session courses had never
been offered before. B                              w,'$" S
HL                                   -■ ■ ***
^^P*9*'             J^B           ,
/Vo/ rta/p/i Loffmark, left, of
the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, and
Prof. Geoffrey Scudder, head of
the Department of Zoology,
were chosen as UBC's Master
Teachers for 1976.
Special features of the Summer Session,
in addition to the program for senior
citizens, included language institutes for
intensive study of Chinese and Japanese
sponsored by the Department of Asian
Studies, and two institutes in the Faculty of
Education on secondary school English
methods and language arts in the elementary
grades. The Faculty of Education's science
department sponsored a six-week course for
children aged 9 to 13 which studied the
ecology of wooded areas on the campus.
Dr. Watt was honored for the second time
by the Western Association of Summer
Session Administrators as the recipient of its
1976 Creative Programming Award for a
field study program held in conjunction with
the Montreal Olympics. The 71 students
who enrolled for the Olympic Field Study
Program visited physical education,
recreation and athletic facilities in four
Canadian provinces and attended the
international games held in Montreal. Dr.
Watt was honored by the same organization
three years ago for initiating the summer
program for senior citizens.
Quite apart from the academic activities
of the Summer Session, a lively program of
films, music, dancing, theatre and other
activities was held on the campus for the
entertainment of students and members of
the general public.
Faculty
honors
Over the years, a significant number of
UBC faculty members have received awards
and honors in recognition of their teaching
and research efforts. The 1975-76 academic
year was no exception and I take this
opportunity to list some of the outstanding
awards.
Dr. Alan G. Marshall, of UBC's Chemistry
department, was the recipient of a
prestigious Sloan Fellowship from the Sloan
Foundation of New York, the only Canadian
scientist to be so honored in 1976.
Prof. Ralph Loffmark, of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, and
Prof. Geoffrey Scudder, of the Department
of Zoology, were the 1975-76 Master
Teachers at UBC. The awards, established by
Dr. Walter Koerner, a former chairman and
member of the Board of Governors,
recognize outstanding teachers of
undergraduates. The winners share a $5,000
prize that goes with the honor.
Prof. Vladimir Krajina, of the
Department of Botany, was elected an
honorary member of the Association of B.C.
Professional Foresters for his contributions
to his discipline and for his activities as an
The President's Report 1975-76/27 28/The President's Report 1975-76
ecologist and environmentalist. He is only
the second person to receive honorary
membership in 27-year history of the
association.
Prof. Irwin Diewert, of the Department
of Economics, was elected a fellow of the
Econometric Society, an international
organization for the advancement of
economic theory and its relation to statistics
and mathematics. Fellows are economists of
international reputation who have made
important contributions to their discipline.
Dr. Juhn Wada, of the Division of
Neurological Sciences in the Department of
Psychiatry, received the 1976 Lennox
Award of the Western Institute of Epilepsy
at its annual meeting in Dallas, Texas.
Dr. Roy Taylor, of the Botanical Garden,
was elected to the council of the
International Association of Botanical
Gardens at meetings in Moscow. He will
serve for the period 1975-81.
Prof. Laurance D. Hall, of the
Department of Chemistry, was the recipient
of the Corday-Morgan Medal and Prize from
the Chemical Society of London, England,
for work in the field of organic chemistry.
Prof. Michael Shaw, vice-president for
University development and former dean of
the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, was
awarded the Flavelle Medal of the Royal
Society of Canada for his outstanding
contribution to biological science. He was
described by the society as a leading
authority on the physiology and
biochemistry of plant host-parasite relations
who has made major contributions to plant
pathology in research, teaching, editing and
administration.
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, of the
Department of Geography, was the recipient
of the highest award of the Canadian
Association of Geographers for his
contributions to the advancement of the
profession of geography.
Dr. Peter Moogk, of the Department of
History, was awarded the Sainte-Marie Prize
in History for excellence in original
historical research.
Prof. Robert Harlow, head of the
Department of Creative Writing, was one of
45 Canadian writers awarded Senior Arts
Grants, worth a maximum of $15,000, by
the Canada Council.
Dr. Patricia K. Arlin, of the Faculty of
Education, was the recipient of the 1975
Distinguished Research Award of Pi Lambda
Theta, the North American honorary society
for women in education or related
professions.
Dr. Joel Kaplan, of the English
department, received two major awards to
allow him to prepare a critical edition of the
works of Thomas Middleton, an English
author and contemporary of Shakespeare.
He received one of three post-doctoral
fellowships awarded in Canada by the
American Council of Learned Societies and
was named a senior research fellow of the
Huntingdon Library in Pasadena, Calif.
Four UBC faculty members were elected
fellows of the Royal Society of Canada in
June, 1976. They were: Prof. Philip Akrigg,
English; Prof. John Helliwell, Economics;
Prof. Beryl March, Poultry Science; and
Prof. James Trotter, Chemistry.
Prof. Colin Clark, of the Department of
Mathematics, was named the winner of the
$1,000 Prof. Jacob Biely Research Prize,
awarded annually to a UBC faculty member
for distinguished research carried out and
published over the previous five years.
Three well-known members of the UBC
faculty were honored by other Canadian
universities in the spring of 1976. Professor
emerita Margaret Ormsby, former head of
the history department, received the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the
University of Victoria; Prof. William Hoar,
of the zoology department, was awarded an
honorary degree by St. Francis Xavier
University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia; and
Prof. Ian McT. Cowan, former dean of
Graduate Studies, received an honorary
Doctor of Environmental Studies degree
from the University of Waterloo.
Dr. Cowan was also the recipient in 1976
of the Fry Medal of the Canadian Society of
Zoology for his contributions to the
development of that discipline in Canada.
Prof. Erich Vogt, vice-president of faculty
and student affairs, who played a key role in
the development of TRIUMF, the nuclear
accelerator located at UBC, was named an
Officer of the Order of Canada in June,
1976.
Two UBC scholars shared the 1976 UBC
Medal for Popular Biography. The joint
winners were Dr. Margaret Prang, head of
the Department of History, for her
biography of N.W. Rowell published by the
University of Toronto Press, and Dr. George
Woodcock, editor of the UBC journal
Canadian Literature, for his biography of
Gabriel Dumont, companion of Louis Riel in
the rebellion on 1885.
Dr. William E. Neal, of the Department of
Zoology and Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology, was the recipient of the George
Mercer Award of the Ecological Society of
North America for the best scientific study
in the field of ecology published in any
Canadian or American journal in 1975.
Three members of UBC's Department of
Chemistry - Profs. Lionel G. Harrison,
Gerald B. Porter and David C. Walker — were
elected fellows of the Chemical Institute of
Canada for their contributions to Canadian
chemistry and chemical engineering. Hannah Polowy, of the Faculty of
Education, was the 1976 recipient of the
Samuel Laycock Memorial Award of the
Canadian Parent-Teacher Federation in
recognition of outstanding service to
education by fostering co-operation between
parents and teachers.
,1 \J   V CI 1 i 111 H
There were some notable changes in the
membership and composition of UBC's two
main governing bodies — the Board of
Governors and the Senate - in the 1975-76
academic year.
On Oct. 7, Benjamin B. Trevino, who had
served on the Board previously, was
reappointed by the Lieutenant-Governor in
Council to fill the unexpired term of Charles
J. Connaghan. Mr. Connaghan resigned his
seat on the Board in June, 1975, to accept
the post of vice-president for administrative
services at UBC.
In February, the student body re-elected
Richard Murray to a second one-year term
on the Board. A fellow engineering student,
Basil Peters, was also elected for a one-year
term, succeeding Svend Robinson.
Early in 1976, the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council appointed two UBC graduates —
Pearley R. Brissenden, a Vancouver lawyer,
and Ian Greenwood, a Kelowna businessman
— to the Board. At the same time, the
appointments of two other Board members
— Clive Lytle and Bing Wing Thom — were
rescinded.
UBC's Senate increased in size from 79 to
86 persons as the result of a motion passed
in April, 1975, which had the effect of
increasing alumni representation by 7
persons to a total of 11. A meeting of the
Convocation of the University was held on
Sept. 10, 1975, to elect the additional
representatives.
The following notable appointments were
made to the University faculty in the
1975-76 academic year.
Dr. William Tetlow became director of
the Office of Institutional Analysis and
Planning (formerly the Office of Academic
Planning), succeeding Prof. Robert Clark,
who continues as a member of the
Department of Economics. Dr. Tetlow's
appointment was effective Nov. 12, 1975.
Dr. Peter Harnetty was appointed head of
the Department of Asian Studies on Jan. 1,
1976, to succeed Dr. Edwin Pulleyblank,
who continues as a full professor in the
department.
Dr. Patrick McGeer, who was on leave of
absence from his duties in the Department
of Psychiatry in the Faculty of Medicine,
was appointed Minister of Education for
B.C. following the provincial election held in
December, 1975. Dr. McGeer has been a
member of the Legislative Assembly for a
number of years.
Jindra Kulich was appointed acting head
of the Centre for Continuing Education on
January 16, 1976. This appointment was
occasioned by the leave-of-absence of Dr.
Walter Hardwick, director of Continuing
Education and a member of the Department
of Geography, to accept the post of Deputy
Minister of Education in the provincial
government.
Dr. John H. Dirks was named head of the
Department of Medicine in the Faculty of
Medicine on April 1,1976.
Prof. John G. Cragg was appointed head
of the Department of Economics, effective
July 1, 1976, to succeed Prof. Ronald
Shearer, who remains in the department.
Prof. Geoffrey Scudder became head of
the Department of Zoology on April 1,
1976, succeeding Prof. Peter Larkin, who is
now dean of UBC's Faculty of Graduate
Studies.
Prof. R.J. Rowan became head of the
Department of Philosophy on July 1, 1976,
succeeding Prof. Peter Remnant, who is now
associate dean of the Faculty of Arts.
Prof. John Zahradnik joined the UBC
faculty on July 1, 1976, as head of the
Department of Bio-Resource Engineering
(formerly the Department of Agricultural
Engineering). Dr. William Powrie, who had
been serving as acting head of the
department, will continue as head of the
The President's Report 1975-76/29 30/The President's Report 1975-76
Department of Food Science in the Faculty
of Agricultural Sciences.
Prof. Douglas Bankson became head of
the Department of Creative Writing on July
1, 1976, succeeding Prof. Robert Harlow,
who continues as a faculty member.
Dr. William J. Polglase was named head of
the Department of Biochemistry, effective
July 1, 1976.
Dr. David Hardwick was appointed head
of the Department of Pathology, effective
July 1,1976.
Dr. Jack Sample was named director of
the TRIUMF Project, succeeding Dr.
Reginald Richardson.
Prof. Kenneth Lysyk rejoined the UBC
faculty on July 1, 1976, as dean of the
Faculty of Law, succeeding Dean Albert J.
McLean, who will continue to teach in the
faculty.
Prof. Noel Hall, dean of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
submitted his resignation as dean on June
30, 1976. He will continue as a faculty
member. Prof. Stanley Hamilton will serve as
acting dean until Prof. Hall's successor is
named.
Two other deans — Dr. David Bates of the
Faculty of Medicine and Dr. S. Wah Leung,
of the Faculty of Dentistry — informed the
Board of their intention to resign as heads of
their respective faculties on June 30, 1977.
Both will continue to teach at UBC.
Prof. J.E.L. Peck resigned as head of the
Department of Computer Science on June
30, 1976, but will continue as a UBC faculty
member.
Prof. Barrie M. Morrison resigned as
director of the Institute of Asian and
Slavonic Research but will continue to teach
in the Department of Asian Studies.
The new director of UBC's Bookstore is
John Hedgecock, formerly director of the
Bookstore at McMaster University in
Hamilton, Ontario. He took up his post at
UBC on July 1,1976.
Eleven members of the University faculty
reached retirement age during the 1975-76
academic year. The University community is
indebted to them for their service as
teachers, researchers and administrators.
Those who reached retirement age are: Prof.
Joseph Katz, Education; Prof. Harry B.
Hawthorn, Anthropology and Sociology;
Prof. Zbignew Folejewski, Slavonic Studies;
Prof. Kenneth C. Mann, Physics; Eleanor J.
Bradley, Health Care and Epidemiology; Dr.
Kenneth Evelyn, Medicine; Prof. J.E.
Halliday, Pharmaceutical Sciences; Prof.
Wladyslaw Opechowski, Physics; Valerian
Revutsky, Slavonic Studies; Florence B.
Vey, Education; Phyllis Schuldt, Music.
Some of those who reached retirement
age will continue to carry out teaching and
research duties.
The University's annual Congregation for
the awarding of academic and honorary
degrees was held in the War Memorial
Gymnasium on May 26, 27 and 28, 1976.
Students who were awarded their academic
degrees by Senate in the fall of 1975 and in
May, 1976 — a grand total of 4,516 — were
eligible to take part in the ceremony.
On May 26 the University conferred the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws on Prof.
Harry Hawthorn, of the Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, and on Bill
Reid, renowned as a woodcarver and
designer of jewelry in the Haida tradition.
Both Prof. Hawthorn and Mr. Reid have
been in the forefront of the revival of
interest in the traditions and crafts of the
Indians of the West Coast of Canada. Prof.
Hawthorn and his wife, Audrey, were
responsible in large measure for the
collection of Indian artifacts now housed in
the new Museum of Anthropology. Mr.
Reid, after a career in broadcasting, has
devoted himself to reviving and perpetuating
the artistic traditions of the Haida Indians of
the Queen Charlotte Islands. He supervised
the carving of totem poles and the erection
of two buildings that make up the Haida
village in UBC's Totem Pole Park and a
number of his large wooden carvings and
several exquisite examples of his jewelry are
on display in the campus museum.
On May 27, honorary Doctor of Laws
degrees were conferred on Barbara Ward
Jackson and Father Gerard Dion, of Laval
University. Barbara Ward, who played a
leading role in the Habitat conference in
Vancouver in the spring of 1976, is an
internationally known economist whose
writings have done much to make the world
aware of the economic and social problems
faced by the developing nations. Father
Dion is one of Canada's best known
specialists in the field of industrial relations
and has been a leading figure in the so-called
"quiet revolution" in the Province of
Quebec.
On Friday, May 28, UBC honored a
noted Canadian scholar and a UBC
benefactor. For her scholarship in the field
of English studies at the University of
Toronto,  where  she has been a faculty r^"7"
^H
mlm
E
\
Wg
Recipients of honorary degrees
at UBC's Congregation
ceremony were: top row, left to
right, Prof. Harry Hawthorn and
Bill Reid; middle row, left to
right, Barbara Ward Jackson and
Father Gerard Dion; and bottom
row, left to right, Prof. Kathleen
Cobum and Stanley Arkley.
The President's Report 1975-76/31 member since 1928, the University
conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of
Literature on Prof. Kathleen Coburn. UBC
graduate Stanley Arkley, founder of the
organization called the Friends of the
University of B.C. in the United States,
received the honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws. With his wife, Rose, Mr. Arkley in
1974 gave to the School of Librarianship a
collection of more than 1,000 rare children's
books and a gift of $10,000 to enable the
University to purchase additional items for
the collection.
DA.%
With regret I record the names of the
following active and retired members of the
faculty who died during the 1975-76
academic year.
Prof. E.B. Tregunna, of the Department
of Botany, died on Sept. 13,1975.
Lome E. Brown, associate professor
emeritus of Education, died on Jan. 5,1976.
Prof. Emeritus Joseph Crumb, a member
of the Department of Economics from 1938
to 1965, died on Feb. 29,1976.
Prof. Emeritus B.C. Binning, a
well-known painter and the first head of
UBC's Department of Fine Arts, died on
March 16, 1976.
Dr. Leslie Truelove, assistant professor of
Medicine, died on May 29, 1976.
Prof. Modeste Pernarowski, of the
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, died on
June 10, 1976.
Prof. Emeritus D.C.B. Duff, a UBC
faculty member from 1929 to 1966, died on
Aug. 6,1976.
Prof. Wilson Duff, of the Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, died on Aug.
32/The President's Report 1975-76      9, 1976.

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