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The President's Report 1977-78 1978

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 WHnWHaKLif
The President's Report
1977-78
The University of British Columbia The report of President Douglas T. Kenny
to the Senate and Board of Governors
of the University of British Columbia
for the 1977-78 academic year. Foreword
To the Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia
Ladies and Gentlemen:
My report on the 1977-78 academic year records the major
accomplishments of the University of British Columbia as well as
the continuing problems of a period of adjustment necessitated by
static enrolments, financial limitations and inflation.
I take this opportunity of expressing my gratitude to the
individuals and groups who continue to ensure that the academic
enterprise at UBC remains fundamentally sound: the Board of
Governors and Senate; the deans, department heads and members of
the teaching and research establishment; the employed staff; and
our students. Their energy and perseverance, often in the face of
overcrowding, sub-standard working conditions and shortages of
funds, are commendable and have my continuing admiration.
In the academic year under review, the University took
additional steps to ensure future academic excellence. Departmental
reviews initiated in recent years have now been extended to
entire faculties in order to identify areas that must be
strengthened academically. One of our major objectives in the
immediate future will be to find the resources to improve all
areas of the University so that we are able to offer the overall high standard
of higher education that present and prospective students have a
right to expect.
Only if we strive to achieve this objective can we hope to
retain the confidence of the taxpayers who support us and make a
reasoned case for increased financial support. To do less would be
to fail in our responsibility to the future soundness of the
province and the nation.
Cordially yours,
Douglas T. Kenny
President The
President's
Report
1977-78
Whereof what's past is prologue; what to come
In yours and my discharge.
The Tempest, Act II, Scene I.
The past plays its part in shaping the future.
Higher education in British Columbia, and indeed throughout North America, is at a transition point in its development marked by the
cessation of growth in the student body. It is
therefore useful to examine our history in an attempt to sketch the outlines of our objectives for
the future. The history of UBC divides itself
naturally into three parts: the pioneering
decades from 1915 to 1945; the golden age from
the mid-1940s to 1970, a period marked by
rapid growth and adaptation to change; and
the contemporary age in which we now seek self-
renewal and a new sense of purpose.
THE PIONEERING DECADES. During this
period, handicapped by birth during World
War I, by adolescence during the Great Depression with its chronic shortage of funds, and
finally in its early maturity by the sacrifice of its
own needs to those of the nation during World
War II, the University could not attain the
academic heights of which it dreamed in its
quest for excellence. Nevertheless its record at
that time is outstanding in two respects. First, a
group of outstanding teachers offered "a
sparkling armada of promise" to the
undergraduate body, so that excellence in
teaching remains a primary goal today. Second,
through its activities in continuing education,
then called extension, the University made its
presence felt and its resources available
throughout the entire province. Service to the
educational needs of the wider community is
still a primary goal today.
THE GOLDEN AGE. The golden age was
marked by spectacular growth and the
emergence of the University on the national and
international scenes as an important, comprehensive institution of higher learning
characterized by increasingly pluralistic goals
and objectives. By the mid-1940s UBC was a
modest institution with only three faculties, Arts
During the 1977-78 academic
year UBC took new and important steps towards the goals of
seeking self-renewal and a new
sense of purpose to meet the
problems posed by static
enrolments and the cancer of
creeping inflation.
The President's Report 1977-78/5 6/The President's Report 1977-78
and Science, Applied Science, and Agriculture,
but its enrolment, already swelling with the
ranks of returning veterans of World War II,
reached 6,632 in 1945-46, more than double the
enrolment of 2,528 in 1940-41. Because of the
educational needs of the veterans, rising birthrates and the rising expectations of the public,
enrolment continued to increase in an unprecedented manner. More than 10,000
students registered in 1960-61, more than
15,000 in 1964-65 and some 20,195 in 1970-71.
In 1970 Senate, alarmed by the prospect of
ever-increasing growth, set an upper limit on
enrolment of 22,000 undergraduate and 5,000
graduate students, 27,000 in all. As we shall see,
circumstances changed and that limit was never
attained.
In meeting the demands of the new generation of students for marketable skills and the
demands of an increasingly technological society for highly trained professionals and scientists,
the University did more than cope. It altered
out of all recognition and in doing so
demonstrated a remarkable ability to adapt to
changing circumstances in the province, the nation and the world. Thus by 1964 the vital task
of undergraduate and graduate education was
conducted by 12 faculties and included professional programs in Agriculture, Architecture,
Commerce and Business Administration, Dentistry, Engineering, Forestry, Home Economics,
Law, Librarianship, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Rehabilitation Medicine, Social Work
and the training of school teachers in addition
to the traditional fundamentals of the arts,
humanities, social sciences, and sciences.
The post-war growth in enrolment and in the
number of faculties and programs was accompanied by an equally impressive growth in
research and graduate studies. UBC awarded its
first four Doctor of Philosophy degrees in 1950.
By 1965 Senate had authorized Ph.D. programs
in 35 departments and 53 Ph.D. degrees were
granted that year. Five years later, in 1970, 161
Ph.D. candidates graduated and today the
degree is offered by some 50 departments which
are broadly representative of most major areas
of knowledge. The vast majority of Ph.D.
degrees awarded in the 1960s and 1970s were in
the pure and applied sciences. Indeed, as late as
1966 only two Ph.D.'s had been granted in the
humanities and none in the social sciences. The
disparity in the rates of growth of Ph.D. programs between the sciences and the arts directly
reflects the impact of World War II and Sputnik I on the policies of the federal government
in supporting research at universities.
Historically, the federal government has always
been the most important source of research
funds for Canadian universities. Between 1966
and 1971 research funds received by UBC from
all sources doubled to a little over $15.5 million
a year, with the federal government providing
about 73 per cent of this total. Indeed it is evident that the federal government, through its
granting agencies, particularly the National
Research Council, has had about as great an
impact in changing the nature of the University
as the provincial government has through its
operating grants for instructional purposes.
All these developments greatly strengthened
the University's overall ability to perform its
primary functions in serving society by
teaching, by training for the professions, by the
pursuit of new knowledge, by offering programs
in continuing education and by serving as an independent source of opinion and expertise for
the greater good of the province and the nation.
Unfortunately, the very rapidity of the expansion from 1945-1970 left areas of weakness
because increases in operating revenues did not
keep pace with growth. Many of these deficiencies are in the services that support the
academic endeavor, but there are also many
academic programs that lack depth and
resources and are consequently still very much
less than first class.
THE CONTEMPORARY AGE. The contem
porary age, beginning in 1970-71, is
characterized first, by the levelling off in enrolment, in which growth has now ceased, and second, by relentless increases in costs, largely
because of inflation. The extraordinary rate of
growth that marked the golden age will not be
repeated in the foreseeable future, in which
winter enrolment is expected to hover around
20,000, well below the limit of 27,000 set by
Senate in 1970. Yet costs continue to increase.
Readers of the president's reports from 1970 to
1977 will be all too familiar with the consequences of minimal increases in operating
grants, inadequate capital grants, static
research funding and the serious encroachments
of inflation. These realities have seriously
threatened the quality of the academic enterprise. More than that, they have made the
University acutely uncomfortable, made it
aware that it is now in circumstances that are
entirely different from those of the 1950s and
1960s, made it aware that it must seek self
renewal and a new sense of purpose if it is to
overcome the qualitative deficiencies which
were glossed over in the euphoria of post-war
expansion.
The three most acute problems currently facing UBC are: (1) Its requirements for modern
facilities and buildings to replace the outmoded
and substandard accommodations of the post
war period; (2) Its urgent need to correct deficiencies in many of its existing programs; and
(3) The cancer of continuing inflation.
For the long term the thrust must be toward:
(1) Exploration of imaginative new
developments in teaching and research; (2) Improvement of academic standards in all our programs, undergraduate, professional and
graduate; and (3) The achievement of excellence in all that the University does.
Indeed, the University would be failing in its
responsibility to itself, to the company of
educated men and women everywhere and to
the public at large were it to accept any lesser
aims. Only by expressing these objectives and
demonstrating our determination to strive to attain them can we hope to retain the confidence
of the taxpayers who support us and make a
reasoned and reasonable case for improved
financial support. The University should aspire
to lead and not be content with minimal levels
attained elsewhere. THE 1977-78 ACADEMIC YEAR. During
1977-78 the University took new and important
steps towards achieving the goals and objectives
outlined above. Each of these will be described
in greater detail in the sections that follow in
this report, but it is appropriate to summarize
them here.
At its first meeting of the academic year
Senate approved higher requirements for admission to the University. The new requirements will mean that UBC entrance standards are among the highest in Canada. These
will be phased in over the next three years and
will be fully in place in September, 1981, thus
allowing students now in high school to adjust
their programs accordingly.
Senate also approved motions calling for "annual, systematic, objective and cumulative
evaluations" of all undergraduate courses for
which it is practical to do so and of the performance of all faculty members, so that teaching
evaluations can be considered in making decisions affecting reappointment, promotion and
the granting of tenure.
The section of this report on teaching and
curriculum will, I am sure, impress readers with
the number of faculties and departments which
have intensified their efforts to renew and revise
their programs and courses. In addition, a
number of new programs, ranging from coal
engineering to teacher training in the Yukon,
have been initiated.
Research grants to the University in 1977-78
increased by 24 per cent over 1976-77. A high
proportion of our research projects provide
direct benefits to the people of British Columbia
and Canada. Many of these are described in the
section on research.
Each of these aspects of University activity in
the past year indicates that UBC takes seriously
its obligation to be responsive to many forces,
including the accumulation of knowledge that
leads to new fields of study, societal needs and
student interests.
However, there are areas of weakness in even
the strongest departments and faculties. Steps
have been taken to identify such areas and to
find the resources to strengthen them. Departmental reviews have been undertaken in several
faculties and, for the first time in the history of
UBC, full-scale reviews of two major faculties,
Education and Science, will be undertaken in
1978-79. The review committees will be composed of experts chosen both from within and
outside the University and the province. Review
of these two faculties is appropriate at this time
because of the resignation of Dr. John Andrews
as dean of Education to return to teaching and
research at UBC, while the dean of Science, Dr.
George Volkoff, reaches retirement age on June
30, 1979.
In addition to introducing a
number of new programs,
many UBC departments and
faculties intensified their efforts to renew and revise the
curriculum to make it responsive to new knowledge resulting
from research, the perceived
needs of the economy and the
interests of students.
The President's Report 1977-78/7 The purpose of these faculty reviews is not inquisitorial; it is to identify needed improvements in the curriculum, in the preparation of faculty members, and in the resources
and equipment they require to perform their
functions in teaching and research. I am only
too aware of some of these needs in advance.
The commonest pleas of deans and department
heads are for funds for additional faculty and
staff to strengthen areas of weakness and to
replace outmoded equipment.
The number of teachers and researchers
employed at UBC has been virtually constant
for the past few years. We must therefore continue to press our case before the Universities
Council so that we can improve our faculty-
student ratio and also provide faculty with the
increasingly sophisticated equipment they need
in order to maintain first-class academic standards. Among the 23 largest universities in
Canada, UBC ranks first in the proportion of its
operating funds allocated for academic purposes and a distant last in the proportion
allocated for non-academic (administrative) services. This speaks volumes about where the
University's priorities lie and should lead to sympathetic consideration of our requests for
operating funds.
Our objective in the past year has been, as it
will be for the future, to make UBC a better
University for its students and the people of
British Columbia by upgrading entrance standards, by improving standards of teaching and
research, and by continuing to make the expertise of faculty available to the community
whenever we have the resources to do so.
i~'
8/The President's Report 1977-78
I have been impressed, in reading the reports
of the deans of UBC's 12 faculties for the
1977-78 academic year, with the continuing efforts that are being made to review and revise
the University's curriculum to make it responsive to the continuing accumulation of new
knowledge through research, the perceived
needs of the economy and the interests and
needs of students. I am confident that our curriculum in all academic units is being updated
to meet the educational conditions and needs of
the 1980s. Our ongoing process of review and
the adaptability of the curriculum are designed
to ensure program quality.
It is sometimes said that the University continuously adds courses to its curriculum without
updating or changing existing ones or discarding those that are out-of-date. These accusations are not true. There is a continuous process
of innovation at the University involving the invisible evolution of existing courses, deletions of
outdated courses and the introduction of new
courses and programs, although this latter process has been slowed somewhat in recent years as
the result of financial cutbacks.
The invisible evolution of existing courses is
carried out regularly by our teaching staff who
are sensitive to new developments in their
disciplines. In many cases, these changes are
made annually and require nothing more than
professorial initiative. However, over a period of
time, a course or program will change to such a
degree that it is scarcely recognizable from the
one that was offered a few years earlier. This, of
course, reflects the fact that knowledge in all
fields combined is now doubling every 8 to 12
years. In some fields, the rate of accumulation is
even faster.
The process by which the University curriculum alters is not a haphazard one. Changes
proposed at the departmental level are subject
to review by departmental and faculty curriculum committees, which make recommendations to full meetings of each faculty before proposals are forwarded to Senate, where they are
again considered by that body's curriculum
committee. Special attention is given to proposals for new programs by a sub-committee of
the Senate curriculum committee to ensure that
the new program is academically sound and
does not needlessly duplicate academic work offered elsewhere in the University or at other provincial institutions. These detailed procedures
are a reflection of the University's insistence on
the establishment of programs of high academic
quality. The overriding policy is the commitment to quality.
Courses and programs approved by Senate
must also be submitted to the Board of Governors and, even if approved, are not implemented until funding is assured.
The result of this lengthy process is continuous change in the University's inventory of courses. But in recent years it has not meant uncontrolled growth, as the following figures will
indicate. Four years ago, at the beginning of the
1974-75 academic year, the University offered
5,344 courses. In the four academic years which
followed, 997 courses were added, but 745 were
dropped, for a net gain of only 252 new courses.
And these figures do not reflect the hundreds of
revisions to existing courses that were also approved by Senate. It is worth noting here that
many courses listed in the University's Calendar
are offered only in alternate years, and some less
frequently, depending on student demand. This
is especially true of specialized courses with low
enrolments.
Before listing significant curriculum changes
of the 1977-78 academic year, let me briefly
describe what I envisage will be the main thrust
of curriculum revision in the foreseeable future.
Since the end of World War II, Canadian
universities have, on the whole, responded well
to the challenges of rapidly increasing
enrolments, the need for new buildings and
other facilities and the needs of the Canadian
economy. But the result of this expansion has
been an unevenness of quality in most univer
sities. We are not able to offer the overall high
quality of education that our students demand
and which Canadians have a right to expect. In
some disciplines, the quality of work that goes
on at UBC is as good as anything in North
America. We also have some remarkable
pockets of weakness. The central problem for
this University in the years ahead will be to find
the resources to strengthen existing faculties
and departments that have never had the basic
resources to offer education of the highest quality. Qualitative improvement in the process of
education will be central to our academic planning. At the same time, we have to ensure that
the strength of existing areas of excellence is
maintained and further strengthened.
In placing a priority on this aspect of the
University's future, the implication is that the
introduction of new academic units and programs and innovations is not of paramount importance. We must always remain alert to new
opportunities to expand our offerings and
research, but I cannot agree that radical expansion is our major challenge. Evolutionary
change of the existing programs will be the focal
point of the planning process.
Existing courses at the University are constantly being revised
by faculty members who are
sensitive to new developments
in their field of study. A bove,
Dr. Jean Elder, of the Department of History, leads a
seminar discussion.
The President's Report 1977-78/9 10/The President's Report 1977-78
In the coming year it is my hope that the
Universities Council will give serious consideration to our request for additional funds that will
enable us to hire additional faculty members
who will bolster the resources of many departments to give them the depth and breadth they
now lack. Given this University's responsibilities
as a centre of scholarship, the attainment of the
objective of qualitative improvement requires
that new and additional faculty members be appointed. Simple reallocation of existing faculty
resources will not achieve this goal. Doubtless,
many new faculty members will want to introduce new courses, but that is as it should be.
It would make little sense to hire an expert who
was unable to offer academic work in his or her
specialty.
In what follows, I have selected from the
reports of the deans of the faculties those items
which illustrate the continuing restructuring of
the University curriculum, as well as new programs approved in the 1977-78 academic year.
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. This facul
ty reviewed and modified its curriculum to ensure that it is in harmony with the needs of the
students, the discipline and the community the
faculty serves. The Department of Animal
Science plans increased research in range beef
production and will expand present programs in
reproductive biology to make it a true area of
excellence.
At its meeting in February, 1978, Senate approved a new program that will lead to the
Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree.
The four-year program, which will be offered in
the Department of Plant Science, will be
available to students in the 1979-80 academic
year if adequate funds are approved.
APPLIED SCIENCE. The Department of
Mineral Engineering began the development of
an appropriate curriculum in coal engineering
following approval by the Universities Council
of a UBC proposal to introduce a fourth-year
option in this discipline. Visiting experts in coal
engineering provided guidance in course work
and appropriate teaching laboratories. The
program is designed to alleviate a serious shortage of Canadian coal experts, whose knowledge
is vital for the exploitation of huge coal reserves
in B.C., which will become more valuable as the
energy crisis deepens.
ARTS. Significant curriculum changes in
UBC's largest faculty included: extensive revision of the Sociology curriculum to ensure
graduating students have marketable skills and
to provide breadth to make a meaningful choice
of specialization; a reorganization of elementary
and intermediate Japanese-language courses in
Asian Studies to make courses more accessible to
day and evening students; further revisions of
courses in Hispanic and Italian Studies to provide opportunity for a more flexible major in
three areas — Spanish language, literature and
Latin American literature; institution of a new
major in family science in the School of Home
Economics to open up opportunities for
graduates to enter areas other than teaching,
e.g., in gerontology and the preparation of pro
grams in family life and nutrition; complete
restructuring of the core music theory program;
and addition of a course in Psychology on the
aging process, thus further strengthening the
growing interest in gerontological studies.
Regretably, the Faculty of Arts has been
unable to introduce the following degree programs because of budget constraints: new
graduate and undergraduate courses in writing
children's literature in the Department of
Creative Writing; and Ph.D. programs in fine
arts and theatre history.
COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. The faculty completed a review
of its undergraduate program in the academic
year which led to extensive discussion and
debate at full faculty meetings. The revised
B.Com. program is designed to further bridge
the gaps between theory and practice in the
fields of knowledge needed by modern
managers. The revised program will be considered by Senate in the coming academic year.
The faculty also continued planning for the
second year of the evening Master of Business
Administration program. A revised M.B.A.
program is being prepared to bring it in line
with recent developments and to allow greater
flexibility than has been possible in the past.
Summarizing the faculty's year, Dean Peter
Lusztig says it has been an active one "despite
serious manpower shortages We had neither
the faculty nor the manpower resources to explore innovative and new programs needed to
serve better the businesses and governments who
hire our graduates."
DENTISTRY. The faculty altered its
clinical curriculum during the year to extend
clinical instruction to students in the second
year. This change has, however, strained the
faculty's clinical facility by interrupting the free
flow of students through it.
In the coming academic year the faculty will
be selecting students for entry in 1979 into a
new Master of Science program in the field of
periodontics.
EDUCATION. In November, 1977, I had
the pleasure of visiting Whitehorse in the Yukon
to take part in the official opening of the Yukon
Teacher Education Program, funded by the
Yukon government and staffed by members of
the UBC Faculty of Education. The first class of
22 students enrolled for the program will receive
certificates enabling them to teach in elementary schools in the Yukon after one year of
study. A second program for high school
graduates or mature students who meet UBC
entrance requirements is planned.
The faculty's new five-year program leading
to a Bachelor of Education degree in special
education got underway in September, 1977.
The purpose of this program is to prepare competent generalists to work with the estimated
eight per cent of children with mild handicaps
in a variety of school settings.
The Centre for the Study of Curriculum and
Instruction increased significantly the number
of graduate students enrolled for master's
degrees and the degree of Doctor of Education. The centre, with financial assistance from a
variety of sources, also produced 11 publications, many of which are being used in graduate
and undergraduate courses in Canada and the
United States.
As the result of a careful consideration of the
faculty's administrative structure, the divisions
of elementary and secondary education were
united under the title of Undergraduate Programs with assistant directors and advisers
responsible for implementing programs and advising students, and the director and associate
directors responsible for policy matters and program planning. In the coming academic year
attention will be given to reorganization of the
central administration and the 22 "departments" of the faculty. The aim of these changes,
says Dean John Andrews, is greater efficiency in
administration and improved communication
with the faculty.
Budgetary restraints prohibited the introduction of five Senate-approved courses in Education — two general education courses at the
third-year and graduate levels and two fourth-
year education courses.
FORESTRY. Senate approved a proposal by
the faculty to use the Diploma Course in Administration for Engineers as the basis for a
Diploma in Administration for Foresters. Many
foresters had been taking the latter program
without receiving credit.
Lack of staff prevented the faculty from offering a fourth-year course entitled "Forest
Landscape Analysis and Design," although the
B.C. Forest Service has recommended it and
employment opportunities are opening up.
GRADUATE STUDIES. The School of
Community and Regional Planning completed
a major curriculum review which will focus the
school's program more clearly on two streams —
urban and regional planning and resource
management. The revisions will be subject to
approval in the next academic year. The school
co-operated with the School of Physical Education and Recreation in staging a professional
workshop on planning for urban leisure services,
and the site planning course for land surveyors
completed its first full year of operation.
New graduate programs which received
Senate approval in the academic year were:
Master of Science in periodontics in the Faculty
of Dentistry; a studio program leading to the
Master of Fine Arts degree; and a one-year postdoctoral internship in clinical psychology in the
Faculty of Medicine. In December, 1978,
Senate approved the establishment of a Centre
for the Study of Childhood within the Faculty of
Graduate Studies. The centre will function as
an interdisciplinary and co-ordinating facility
that will foster research and other projects
related to the study of children.
LAW. A faculty committee commenced a
complete review of the curriculum and plans to
submit recommended changes to the full faculty
in 1979.
New developments in the faculty include: experimentation in the clinical program with the
use of videotapes and simulation to teach the
skills of advocacy; installation of a computer
terminal in the law library to facilitate the
retrieval of legal documents and instruction in
this kind of research for students; progress in
negotiations for the installation of television
cameras in three court rooms in the new Vancouver court house directly linking them to the
UBC law school, together with the possibility of
videotaping the proceedings for future instructional purposes.
MEDICINE. The curriculum changes in the
undergraduate medical program approved
some years ago by Senate are now in their third
year and, as a result, the third year of the training program has been changed to a block system
of teaching.
PHARMACEUTICAL    SCIENCES.    A
broadly based curriculum overview committee
held its first meetings in the 1977-78 academic
year and submitted its first report containing
five recommendations. The committee is made
up of representatives of the four divisions of the
faculty, the College of Pharmacists of B.C., the
Canadian Society of Hospital Pharmacists, the
B.C. Pharmacists' Society, and two
undergraduate students. The terms of reference
of the committee are all-encompassing; it is
charged with reviewing the present curriculum
and its relevancy to current and future practice
in the profession, including the role of the pharmacist as a member of the health team.
Notable developments in the faculty in the
academic year were extension of the clinical
clerkship program for fourth-year students to
include teaching at Shaughnessy Hospital, complementing a similar program already underway at three other Lower Mainland hospitals;
and introduction in the third year of the phar-
^LLCC
Qualitative improvement in the
process of education will be
central to the University's
future academic planning with
evolutionary change of existing
programs serving as the focal
point of the process.
The President's Report 1977-78/11 macy curriculum of clinical teaching
assignments, which will see students rotated
through the campus Extended Care Unit to
learn the drug usage needs and problems of the
extended-care patient.
Dean Bernard Riedel says the most serious
problem facing the faculty is its inability to obtain funding for development of its clinical program, which needs to be expanded in various
teaching hospitals and other patient-service
areas with the faculty having some degree of
control over teaching appointments. The faculty also hopes to develop a clinical phar-
mokinetics program, which will require a
specific laboratory in a clinical facility staffed
by trained technical personnel.
SCIENCE. The Department of Chemistry
undertook and had approved by Senate a major
reorganization of the department's graduate
courses which will come into effect in the
1978-79 academic year.
In the Department of Computer Science, the
new curriculum entered its second year with
major effects on other departmental courses.
The Department of Geophysics and Astronomy
completed arrangements to offer selected low-
enrolment senior courses in alternative years only, a move that will improve teaching efficiency
at little loss of flexibility to students and enable
the department to achieve a better balance between graduate and undergraduate instruction.
Unfortunately, funding was not available to
allow the faculty to implement some third- and
fourth-year courses in biology approved by
Senate in previous years.
Two motions approved at the March, 1978,
meeting of Senate are of interest in this section
of my report. The motions call for "annual
systematic, objective and cumulative evaluations" of faculty members and instructors and of
all undergraduate courses where it is practical
to do so, and for the annual evaluations to include teaching evaluation and for teaching
evaluation to be considered in reappointment,
promotion and tenure decisions.
UBC faculties will have the power to develop
and administer appropriate evaluation instruments and to decide on the timing for their
administration as the result of other motions
passed by Senate.
Research
12/The President's Report 1977-78
Research is a primary function and an essential component in the intellectual life of the
University of B.C. There are three reasons for
this.
• Faculty members have an obligation to
engage in the process of discovery that leads to
the creation of new knowledge.
• Teaching students is so directly linked to
research that a faculty member who engages in
scholarship is likely to be a far more effective
teacher than one who is not actively engaged in
scholarly activities.
• Canada is stronger as a result of research
carried on at universities. Accordingly, there is
an obligation for faculty members, where they
have the expertise, to assist in the solution of
problems facing the nation. Basic research
must, of course, remain the central focus of
university research.
The leading universities of the world have a
very strong research dimension. I am pleased to
report that UBC is rapidly becoming a leading
institution with a strong international reputation in the area of research.
I am not so sure, however, that the general
policies of the federal government in the area of
research funding are in keeping with the basic
needs of Canada. The nation's research and
development is threatened by unstable financing, as shown by the following facts.
• Since the start of this decade, federal funding of university research has declined by approximately five per cent in real terms.
• The federal government's research spending has decreased from 3.55 per cent of total
government spending in 1970 to 2.02 per cent in
1976. In 1978, however, government spending
on research did increase to 2.10 per cent.
• The ratio of expenditure on research and
development in the natural sciences to the gross
national product has declined from 1.21 per
cent in 1970 to 0.92 per cent in 1977. The comparable figure in the United States and West
Germany is approximately 2.5 per cent.
• Similarly, the ratio of national expenditure on research in the humanities and social
sciences to the gross national product has
droped from 0.15 per cent in 1971 to 0.12 per
cent in 1977.
Strong centres of university research have
been harmed by the decline in federal support.
Some research teams have had to be disbanded
and many young and talented researchers have
never been able to undertake careers for which
they have been trained as a result of the fund
shortage. In other cases, highly trained research
technicians, who are supported by annual
grants, have had to be let go. This short-sighted
policy was undertaken at a time when the need
for research to strengthen the long-term
development of our resources and lives was
never greater.
During the 1977-78 academic year there were
some hopeful signs for UBC and other Canadian universities. The three federal granting
councils were given budgetary increases almost
sufficient to offset the effects of inflation, and
two of them received an extra $8 million for
programs related to problems of national con- cern. The Natural Sciences and Engineering
Council and the Medical Research Council
received budget increases of $5 million and $3
million respectively. Hon. Judd Buchanan, the
Minister of State for Science and Technology,
also announced the federal government's intention to raise the proportion of the gross national
product spent on research and development
from 0.92 per cent to 1.5 per cent by 1983. This
commitment by the federal government is most
welcome.
In announcing this new federal objective, Mr.
Buchanan stressed that the government intends
to increase funding in the area of industrial
research and development, with more money
available for research in "areas of national concern."
While I welcome this federal initiative, I want
to sound two notes of caution. First, it seems
likely that money will be available for research
of an applied nature where the outcome will be
of immediate value to Canadian business and
industry. This is all well and good, but it fails to
acknowledge that applied science can only
thrive in an atmosphere where there is equal
emphasis on basic research. Without a sound
understanding of basic science we have little
hope of stimulating industrial development in
Canada. Traditionally, universities have been
the institutions where most basic research in
Canada has been carried out. I sincerely hope
that support of university research groups will
not be sacrificed for the mirage inherent in
limiting research to the development of new
products and technologies.
Universities, in tact, have a unique contribution to make to the process of decision-making
about how funds should be spent for research in
areas of national concern. I hope that the
federal government will consult widely with
university researchers and with appropriate
people in industry in determining the research
priorities of the nation.
I hope, too, that the increased emphasis on
scientific research and development will not be
at the expense of activities in the fields of the
humanities and social sciences. In our technologically oriented age it is increasingly important that these disciplines should be adequately
supported.
I would like to report on two other notable
developments, one at the federal level, the other
at the provincial level.
The first was the decision of the federal
government to reorganize the administrative
structure for making research grants. The new
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council, on which UBC vice-president Michael
Shaw sits as a member, has taken over the functions formerly held by the National Research
Council. I have the honor of being a member of
the new Humanities and Social Sciences
Research Council, which takes over the granting functions formerly held by the Canada
Council, which is now solely responsible for
grants in the area of the creative or performing
arts. The Medical Research Council will continue to make grants in the field of the health
sciences. The ability of these granting agencies
to fund research will, of course, continue to depend on the federal government's generosity in
appropriating money.
A notable development at the provincial level
during the academic year was the creation of a
Science Council of B.C., which is chaired by
Prof. Erich Vogt, UBC's vice-president for
faculty and student affairs and a noted physicist
who chairs the board of management of
TRIUMF, the nuclear research facility located
on the UBC campus.
The new body has been asked by the provincial government to provide advice on the rapid
development of projects that would be
beneficial to the province, including the
possibility of a national fusion laboratory funded by both levels of government and a centre to
develop products from wood wastes produced
by the B.C. forest industry.
Happily, I can report to you that in the
1977-78 fiscal year the University attracted a
total of $21,138,533 for research activities, a
significant increase of 24 per cent over the total
in the previous fiscal year. Grants from the
federal government were up 20 per cent and
those from Canadian companies and foundations by 48 per cent. In the face of limited
research funding, this achievement is outstanding and indicates that UBC is providing national leadership in terms of the advancement
of knowledge and the research needs of the province and the nation.
In a later section of this report, readers will
find an extensive list of honors and awards
made to UBC faculty members, many of them
for research activities. In this section, I list only
the winner of UBC's own leading award for
research — the Prof. Jacob Biely Faculty
Research Prize, which is awarded annually to a
UBC received more than $21
million for research in the
1977-78 fiscal year, a significant increase of 24 per cent
over the amount provided in
the previous fiscal year. Above,
Dr. Beverley Green, left, and
research associate Dr. Edith
Camm examine a research project in plant biochemistry in
the Department of Botany.
The President's Report 1977-78/13 Prof. John Helliwell, right, was
the 1978 winner of UBC's top
research award, the Prof. Jacob
Biely Faculty Research Prize.
With research associate Alan
Cox, he has recently carried
out a study of the economics of
utilizing wood wastes as an
energy source in B. C. 's pulp
and paper industry.
14/The President's Report 1977-78
faculty member for work carried out in the
previous three years. The prize was established
in 1969 by Mr. and Mrs. George Biely in honor
of Prof. Biely, a former UBC faculty member.
Mr. Biely is president of Biely Construction Co.
and the brother of Prof. Biely.
The 1978 and 10th winner of the award,
which carries with it a cash prize of $1,000, was
Prof. John Helliwell, a member of the Department of Economics who was UBC's Rhodes
Scholar in 1959. He is regarded as one of
Canada's most innovative economists and a
pioneer in the development of econometric
models. He played a key role in the development of RDX2 model of the Canadian
economy, described as "perhaps the most
sophisticated of the early econometric models of
an open economy." He is also a member of a
group of natural-resource economists at UBC
who are utilizing an $806,000 Canada Council
grant for integrated studies on the management
of the world's natural resources.
This year, in requesting material from the
deans of UBC's 12 faculties to be used in writing
this report, I asked them to provide information
on research that directly benefits the people of
British Columbia and Canada. The reports
have provided an embarrassment of riches.
Because most research is carried on in more
than 100 departments throughout the University, it is often difficult to realize how much effort
is being made to solve important contemporary
problems. In the field of energy research, for instance, I was impressed with the significant
number of projects that are going on in almost
every faculty. Prof. Helliwell, mentioned above
as the winner of the 1978 Biely award, is using
the computer to investigate the economics of
utilizing wood wastes as an energy source in
B.C.'s pulp and paper industry. In the Department of Civil Engineering, a research team
headed by Prof. Philip Hill is concerned with
methods for improving the safety of nuclear
reactors and a new method for transporting
safely the highly radioactive spent fuel produced in reactors. Important work in the field
of solar energy is being carried out in the
Departments of Geography, Civil Engineering
and Electrical Engineering. A team of scientists
headed by physics department head Roy
Nod well has developed a new type of high-
intensity, energy-efficient lamp that will go into
commercial production in the spring of 1979.
Geothermal energy is being explored in the
Department of Geological Sciences. In the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences researchers are
investigating the use of waste materials for the
production of methane, an important source of
fuel. I emphasize that these examples represent
only a sample of dozens of projects underway at
the University in this important research area.
What follows are faculty-by-faculty reports
on research that is of direct benefit to the people
of the province and the nation.
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. Faculty
research projects include development of an
agricultural labor forecasting model; transportation and regional development; production, harvesting, storage and marketing of forage
crops; production on marginal rangelands; early detection of pregnancy in cows to save costly
delays in milk production; seaweed production
in sewage plant effluent; development of skim
milk products; animal waste management; the
effect on plants of air pollutants; weed control;
and the biodegradation of sewage sludge. It is
notable that this relatively small faculty received
$1.6 million for research in the academic year
from government, industrial and University
sources.
APPLIED SCIENCE. A notable development in this faculty in the academic year was
the conclusion of an agreement between UBC
and the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of
Canada for the establishment of a research arm
of the institute within the Department of
Chemical Engineering. A PAPRICAN research
scientist will join the University in the next
academic year to carry out research and direct
the work of graduate students who are doing
research of interest to the industry. The agreement also provides for PAPRICAN scientists to
teach at the graduate level. In the same department important work on the gasification of
coal, allied to our plans to develop a coal
research centre, is continuing.
In the Department of Civil Engineering seven
new research contracts valued at $110,000 were
awarded for work in such fields as environmental, soils, transportation and water resources
engineering.
In the Department of Electrical Engineering,
a group of biomedical engineers are cooperating with interested members of the Faculty of Medicine and personnel at local hospitals
to continue development of diagnostic devices.
The engineering physics group is working on the
use of microwaves for mechanical pulping and
development of a high-energy storage battery.
Research by faculty members in the School of
Nursing, which is part of the applied science
faculty, is steadily increasing. Nursing and
medical circles have expressed interest in a project on parent and child concerns and coping
behaviors and attitudes toward a type of
diabetes.
ARTS. Research in this faculty covers a wide
range of interests from research into company
towns in B.C. by Dr. Patricia Marchak, who
received a Canada Council grant of $52,000 for
her work, through continuing archeological excavations in Turkey by members of the classics
department, to establishment of a network of
monitoring stations in the Fraser Valley by Dr.
J.E. Hay of the Department of Geography, as
part of a continuing program on solar energy.
A new atlas of British Columbia, the work of
Prof. A.L. Farley of Geography, will appear in
1979, and Prof. R.C. Harris of the same department is taking an active part in discussions that
will lead to a new historical atlas of Canada.
Another member of the geography department,
Dr. K.G. Denike, has contributed to a federal
government study designed to rationalize the
location of truck depots in Vancouver.
In the School of Home Economics a wide
range of studies related to nutrition is underway, including a study of the social factors in
volved in the dietary treatment of kidney disease
among children and the evaluation of the relationship between diet and agents that cause
cancer of the colon, an important problem in
the Chinese and some other ethnic communities
in Vancouver. Dr. I.D. Desai is in Brazil on sabbatical leave to assist the Brazilian government
in studying nutritional problems among
migrant agricultural workers, the results of
which are of interest in Canada and in other
countries.
A great deal of research in our Department of
Psychology is directly related to the solution of
some individual or social problem. Among these
are studies on the training of police officers, attitudes toward the aged, alcoholism, reading
difficulty and drug addiction. The prestigious
nature of the output of the department is indicated in a 1978 report that showed our
psychology department was rated first in
Canada in terms of the average number of times
that publications of the faculty were cited by
other authors in the field, as well as the total
number of publications produced.
Dr. Lawrence Shulman of the School of
Social Work received grants totalling $36,000 in
the academic year to support his continuing
inter-disciplinary project on the nature of the
helping process. In the same school, Prof.
William Nicholls was awarded a Molson
Fellowship that enabled him to visit the Vanier
Institute of the Family in Ottawa for a year for
field research on the economic and work patterns of Canadian families and communities.
Two other members of the school, Dr. Kloh-
Ann Amacher and Dr. Henry Maas, developed
plans for a major project on "children at risk" in
three problem situations — divorce, foster care
and mental illness in the family.
A highly respected publication, Studies in
Medieval and Renaissance History, is now being
edited at UBC by Prof. J.A.S. Evans of the
classics department. The first volume of the new
series is now being printed and should appear
before the end of the 1978 calendar year.
Prof. Robert Will, the dean of the Faculty of
Arts, has drawn attention to several aspects of
research in his faculty that cannot go forward
for lack of funds. These include work in anthropology and sociology that is hampered by a
lack of qualified technical assistance to maintain, service and instruct in the use of equipment for various departmental laboratories; a
long-standing proposal to institute in-depth
studies of B.C. communities; and a new proposal to establish a Social Survey Statistical Centre. In the School of Home Economics, a proposal to investigate attitudes of high school
students to marriage and family life has been inhibited by the reluctance of school officials to
approve the work for fear of public and school
board disapproval.
COMMERCE AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. Members of this faculty's
management science division have been working with the B.C. Ambulance Service to develop
additional models for the allocation of ambulance services across the province. Members
of the faculty's marketing division are investigating the costs to Canadian consumers of
agricultural marketing boards; improved com-
The President's Report 1977-78/15 Prof. A.L. Farley of UBC's
geography department has
compiled a new atlas of British
Columbia which will be
published by the University of
B. C. Press in 1979.
16/The President's Report 1977-78
munication with the public on measures for
conserving energy; and shopping problems encountered by Canadian consumers. Other
noteworthy studies include risk-taking behavior
among U.S and Canadian managers, changes in
relative house prices in Vancouver, and the
development of energy models.
DENTISTRY. This faculty is making an important contribution to public welfare through
a variety of research in the field of preventive
dentistry. Dr. Alan Richardson has completed a
clinical study of the use of fissure sealants in the
prevention of tooth decay in young children.
Other faculty members are studying problems
related to oral surgery, cosmetic surgical
treatments for facial deformities, and facial
growth and congenital anomalies associated
with cleft palate and harelip. A forthcoming
field of research for the faculty is geriatric dentistry, which will be carried on in the dental
clinic of the Extended Care Unit of the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital.
FORESTRY. Research in the Faculty of
Forestry that relates to public interests covers a
broad range of forest resource management
problems, including wildlife, fisheries and
range and watershed management through
timber management and wood utilization
research. Dean Joseph Gardner says the full
potential for research in his faculty is limited by
funds available. A survey has indicated that
double the presently available funds could be
usefully used for work in the faculty.
The faculty is participating in a major, five-
year, Canada-U.S. study aimed at finding
measures for control of the spruce budworm,
which is threatening to destroy large tracts of
timber in B.C. and in the Maritime provinces of
this country. Dr. John McLean is on the western
task force of the study. Two other members of
the faculty, Profs. Oscar Sziklai and Harry
Smith, have been awarded grants totalling
$45,000 to explore the additional use of wood in
reducing Canada's dependence on petroleum as
a source of energy and fuel.
In May, 1978,, representatives of the University, industry and government attended an event
at the University Research Forest near Haney in
the Fraser Valley,, where a self-propelled planter
capable of planting 20,000 tree seedlings a day
was demonstrated. The machine, invented by
Prof. John Walters, the director of the UBC
forest, holds out the prospect of a major advance in reforestation in B.C. and elsewhere. At
the same event, a new 400-acre demonstration
forest was officially opened. It demonstrates
forest management practices and is open to the
public.
EDUCATION. Various faculty members
conducted basic and applied research, mostly in
the areas of teaching and learning. Under
grants from the provincial Ministry of Education, seven members of the faculty were responsible for devising and analysing assessments and
achievement levels of public school children in
physical education, written expression, science
learning, mathematics achievement and science
programs. Dr. Stanley Blank continued his work
on the development of curricular material for
gifted students.
Other grants to researchers in education and
the School of Physical Education and Recreation support work on the use of computers in
education, education of the mentally retarded,
physical fitness testing, values education and
cancer education.
Dr. John Andrews, the dean of the faculty,
has listed some areas of research that are not
adequately developed because of a lack of
funds. These include studies in educational
leadership, the role of the principal and other
school officials, criteria for predicting success in
teaching, and research related to the teaching
of foreign languages.
GRADUATE STUDIES. The faculty fosters
a wide range of studies of public interest
throughout the University and in the institutes
and centres that come directly under its control.
The Westwater Research Centre has undertaken a coastal resource management program
that    has   two   major   components:    estuary management, with particular reference to
determining the importance of wetlands for
salmon in the Lower Fraser River; and the
development of industries based on selected
fisheries resources, such as oysters, clams, sea
urchins, abalone and prawns. Both components
are designed to suggest policies for economic
development and environmental protection.
The Centre for Transportation Studies
undertook three significant research studies at
the request of the provincial government or
associated corporations. For the provincial
Department of Transport the centre prepared a
report on transport availability and needs in
northern coastal communities; for the B.C.
Ferry Corporation it carried out the most extensive survey of ferry users in B.C.'s history and
prepared a report used to determine the impact
of a change in location of a major ferry terminal; and for the British Columbia Railway
the centre undertook six major studies related to
royal commission hearings on the BCR.
The Institute of International Relations concluded a number of studies associated with its
wide-ranging project with the general title
"Canada and the International Management of
the Oceans." Funding from a variety of sources
has enabled 25 faculty members and research
associates to contribute to the project since
1954. The UBC Press has already published
Canadian Foreign Policy and the Law of the
Sea, written by eight project participants and
edited by Barbara Johnson and Mark Zacher,
who heads the institute.
The Institute of Oceanography continues to
attract significant grants for a wide variety of
studies, including air-sea interaction at high
wind speeds; studies in the Gulf of Georgia
related to pollution and the development of
marine life; and studies of sediment distribution
and water circulation in a northern Vancouver
Island inlet where mine tailings are being
discharged.
The Institute of Asian Research fostered two
main projects: the China Resources Centre,
which makes teaching materials available to
B.C. teachers and which sponsored a trip to
China and a conference on teaching about
China in 1978; and a rice research project dealing with the history and development of rice
research in Sri Lanka and India.
The Institute of Applied Mathematics and
Statistics continues to develop and foster a wide
range of studies, including fishery management
and occupational mobility as weli as research in
oceanography and medicine.
The Institute of Animal Resource Ecology
continues to attract large amounts of money for
studies that cover a wide variety of projects in
the fields of energy, environmental management, marine food resources, land use and
resource planning in the Arctic, and animal
research. One member of the institute, Prof.
CS. Holling, received grants totalling more
than $250,000 from Environment Canada to
continue his pioneering work in environmental
analysis and management.
LAW. Research in the Faculty of Law usually
manifests itself in the form of articles published
in law journals and in papers delivered at local
and national meetings. The faculty's publica
tions list for 1977-78 includes an impressive
amount of material which dealt with matters of
widespread public interest.
These included the human rights code in
B.C., recent developments in the law of insanity, disclosure of information, confidentiality
and administrative proceedings, social impact
of northern development, native Indian land
claims, reshaping Canadian federalism,
children and the law, class and consumer law
actions, medical malpractice, and discipline for
illegal strikes.
MEDICINE. Research grants in this faculty
showed a dramatic increase in 1977-78 to just
over $6 from $4.2 million the previous year. In
percentage terms the increase was 42 per cent.
This largely reflects an increase in the number
of grants received —  312 in 1977-78 as com-
Prof John Walters, director of
the University's research forest
in the Fraser Valley, is the inventor of a reforestation
machine that is capable of
planting 20,000 tree seedlings a
day.
The President's Report 1977-78/17 18/The President's Report 1977-78
pared to 216 in 1976-77 — from the Medical
Research Council, the B.C. Heart Foundation,
the National Cancer Institute and the federal
Department of National Health and Welfare.
Despite this increase, researchers in medicine
feel that progress toward solution of major
health problems would be accelerated if adequate funds were available for research. The
cutbacks of recent years have meant that many
members of the faculty are unable to obtain
grants and in other cases the funds provided
have been far below the level of adequacy. Yet
another problem encountered in medicine, and
reflected in reports from other faculties, is the
lack of funds for obtaining and replacing major
equipment.
Research grants in medicine are expected to
increase in the future as the result of the
establishment of the B.C. Health Care Research
Foundation and the hiring of new faculty
members, needed as a result of the expansion of
the medical school, who will either bring with
them or attract new funds to the University.
Noteworthy research in the faculty includes:
studies in chronic pain being carried out in the
field of anesthesia; an interdisciplinary research
program on cell membranes with the aim of
determining the fundamental molecular basis of
heart disease and anesthesia; environmental
medicine research into the effects of arsenic and
fluorides; studies of microbial infections of the
alimentary and urinary tracts; a two-year project in obstetrics on the possible effects of
therapeutic abortion on subsequent pregnancy
outcome; and studies in psychiatry on epilepsy
and drug-induced behavior
PHARMACEUTICAL    SCIENCES.    A
research program to develop drug-usage review
systems for ambulatory and long-term care patients in B.C. has been undertaken based on a
model completed at St. Paul's Hospital by Dr.
J.N. Hlynka, of the UBC faculty, with the
assistance of hospital staff pharmacists and
physicians and pharmacy students and
residents. The aim of the study is to develop a
system that will identify major trends in drug
overuse and misuse among ambulatory and
long-term patients so that steps can be taken to
identify and correct them. The work will be of
value in rationalizing drug therapy.
The division of pharmaceutical chemistry
within the faculty is continuing to develop a
radioisotope program in association with
TRIUMF and the Vancouver General Hospital.
Iodine 123 is produced at TRIUMF, purified
for human use, and used in human experiments
as a tracer in the diagnosis of disease.
SCIENCE. Dean George Volkoff describes
the academic year as one of "consolidation
rather than expansion" in terms of research. He
says the faculty's departments "continued their
programs at as high a level as was consistent
with the static budgets from the granting agents
eroded by inflation." In spite of these difficulties, he adds, the chemistry department
produced nearly 200 research papers for
publication and Zoology produced 113.
A major addition to the research resources of
the University was a new high-resolution spectroscopic system purchased with a $310,000 Na
tional Research Council grant to Chemistry.
The Department of Computer Science purchased a minicomputer to facilitate cooperative research with the University of
Waterloo.
Scientists in the Department of Geophysics
and Astronomy continued a program of seismic
monitoring for the B.C. Hydro and Power
Authority in the Kootenays at McNaughton
Lake, where the Mica Reservoir is located. As a
result of an expansion of the Mica equipment,
the region of the Revelstoke reservoir now under
construction is also being monitored for
seismicity. The data obtained from the monitoring will provide locations where seismicity may
occur during reservoir loading and a data base
to determine whether the reservoir modifies
seismicity in the region.
In the same department, researchers are
developing highly sophisticated techniques for
the interpretation of data from electric and
electromagnetic geophysical surveys which has
application to exploration for minerals,
petroleum, natural gas and geothermal energy.
TRIUMF. The nuclear research facility
known as TRIUMF located on the campus is a
joint project operated by UBC, Simon Fraser
University and the Universities of Victoria and
Alberta. During 1978, the cyclotron operated at
ever-increasing beam-power levels, producing
beam for 34 different approved experiments.
Extension of facilities made possible by supplementary federal government grants proceeded on schedule.
TRIUMF is more than a tool for basic research. The project took a major new direction
with the signing of a contract between the
TRIUMF board, UBC and Atomic Energy of
Canada which commits TRIUMF to the production of a broad range of radioisotopes,
which will be marketed by the commercial products division of AECL for supply to hospitals,
industry and universities for a variety of uses, including the diagnosis of disease in humans. To
ensure continuity of production, a new, low-
energy, high-current cyclotron will be installed
at TRIUMF. This machine will also be capable
of delivering beams of neutrons which will be
used to treat some forms of cancer. Facilities
have also been installed that allow assays of the
chemical constituents of chemicals and
minerals. These new developments have been
made possible by loans and grants from the provincial government of about $4 million.
The extension into applied fields of the
operations of TRIUMF, which is attracting
scientists from all over the world because of its
unique capabilities in the field of meson
research, opens new vistas for direct University
research involvement in societv. L ..
1
1
Project that combines research
with public service is taking
place in the laboratory of Prof .
V.J. Modi of the Department of
Mechanical Engineering, left.
Dr. Modi is being assisted by
graduate student Toshi Akutsu
in studies which are contributing to the development of
an artificial heart valve for persons suffering from heart
disease.
Public service
The mission of a modern university may be
described as teaching, research and public service. However, the tidy separation of these functions is somewhat artificial and potentially
misleading. Each of these functions is interrelated and represents a form of the same activity — learning — which is the prime function of
the University.
Moreover, in the largest possible sense,
teaching and research are the most important
public services that the University renders to the
community. Teaching provides students with
knowledge and skills to serve the province and
the nation in almost every sphere of human activity. Research also prepares students for
careers. Scholarly projects involve training in
the techniques of problem solving and provide
new knowledge about social, economic, scientific and technological concerns.
Two specific examples may be cited to illustrate the artificiality of differentiating public
service and teaching and research.
The public programs of our Centre for Continuing Education will serve as the first example. They are an important source of service to
the citizens of British Columbia. Yet the very
existence of such programs is based on the
scholarship and intellectual activity of the
regular teaching program.
Our research forest in the Fraser Valley and
its many functions may be cited as the second
example. With a proud,  30-year history, the
forest has an international reputation for its
many research activities. More than 350
research projects have been initiated in the
forest and currently there are some 100 projects
underway. However, the forest also serves as a
teaching facility for UBC forestry students.
Almost all of the 1,100 professional foresters in
B.C. have received their formal field training at
the forest. In addition, the public and other
students also visit and make extensive use of the
forest as an outdoor classroom. In 1977, for example, more than 15,000 school-student days
were recorded, representing an average of 75
students for every day of the school year. A new
facility for public education has also been
developed — the demonstration forest — the
objective of which is to explain various aspects
of forest management to the public.
I believe the University is opening its
resources to the public. I also firmly believe that
appreciation by the public for the worth and
value of the University within the community
will be facilitated by their use of our resources.
In this section of my report I am using the
term "public service" in two contexts: first, in
the sense of the service provided by the University directly to the community through such units
as the Museum of Anthropology and the
Botanical Garden; and second, in the sense of
the contribution that our faculty members and
students make to the work of governments and
other organizations — including the University
itself — at the local, provincial and national
levels and to the professional organizations
within their disciplines.
The President's Report 1977-78/19 20/The President's Report 1977-78
In other sections of this report I have pointed
to the public service the University renders to
the community through its library system and
by making its athletic facilities available to non-
University users. In addition, several hundred
non-University users and organizations make
use of the UBC Computing Centre for projects
that cannot be carried out by local companies
that offer computer services. (Worth mentioning here are two other matters that affected the
Computing Centre in 1977-78. The University's
Data Processing Centre was merged with the
Computing Centre to provide a systematic approach to the development of University-wide
administrative systems. This amalgamation was
undertaken in the interests of efficiency and
economy. The other significant change in the
centre was the replacement of the IBM 370/168
system by an Amdahl V/6-II central processor
in April, 1978. This move assures adequate processor capacity for the next two or three years at
very modest costs, since 80 per cent of the cost of
the Amdahl unit was covered by the sale of the
IBM machine.)
Our University Bookstore also provides service
to the public by stocking material that is not
available elsewhere. Manager John Hedgecock
reports that a large proportion of the
Bookstore's profit margin was generated by non-
student traffic through sales to conferences held
on campus, school boards, libraries and the
purchase by local industries of such things as
calculators. The result is that prices to students
are stabilized by the development of this
broader sales base.
Steady growth has also characterized the
operations of the University of British Columbia
Press, which came into existence seven years ago
to publish scholarly books on specialized subjects and to provide a platform for the publication of scholarly research and writing in British
Columbia. Of the 67 books published by the
press since its establishment in 1971, 15 of
which were issued in the 1977-78 academic
year, 20 have been about B.C. on subjects ranging from native studies and local architecture to
history and economic and government policy.
In seven years more than 35,000 copies of these
books about B.C. have been sold. A further 20
titles published by the press treat other Canadian subjects and the balance deal with international subjects, mainly concerning Asia and the
Pacific and international law. Tony Blicq, the
energetic director of the press, reports that in
the 1977-78 academic year there was a 25 per
cent increase in titles published over the
previous year and a 30.5 per cent increase in
sales.
Two books, both on B.C. Indian affairs, won
awards during the academic year. Early Indian
Village Churches: Wooden Frontier Architecture in British Columbia, by John Veilette and
Gary White, was one of 31 winning titles chosen
from 254 entries in the aesthetic design category
of the 1978 American Association of University
Press awards. The book is featured in the 1978
AAUP travelling book show that will be on
display on university campuses and in libraries
throughout North America. The second award-
winning book was Contact and Conflict:
Indian-European Relations in British Columbia, 1774-1890, written by Robin Fisher. The
author received the Sir John A. Macdonald
Prize of the Canadian Historical Association for
the book, "judged to have made the most
significant contribution to an understanding of
the Canadian past."
Two other press books were selected for book
club distribution: For Most Conspicuous
Bravery: A Biography of Major-General George
Pearkes, V.C, through Two World Wars, by
Reginald Roy; and Canadians of the Nile: The
Adventures of the Voyageurs on the Khartoum
Relief Expedition and other Exploits,
1882-1898, by Roy MacLaren, which received
the most extensive media coverage of any book
published by the press.
The University's new Museum of Anthropology completed its second full year of operation in the academic year under review. I could
not help being deeply impressed by the scope of
activity that went on in the museum during this
period as described in the report of Dr. Michael
Ames, the museum's director. In its second year
the museum succeeded in laying the foundations for a smoothly working organization,
significantly expanded its teaching programs
and, says Dr. Ames, "established on an ongoing basis the liveliest public program of any
university museum in the country."
In addition to a full- and part-time staff of 16
UBC's Computing Centre acquired a new central processing
unit during the academic year
to ensure adequate processor
capacity over the next two or
three years. persons, the museum is aided by 45 volunteer
associates who assist museum staff in all areas of
activity, especially those related to public programs. A second volunteer force was instituted
in 1977 to operate a small anthropology shop,
which received a start-up grant of $12,000 from
the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation. A
small group of women with business and
managerial experience responded eagerly to an
invitation to operate the shop and has recruited
and trained some 25 volunteers to assist them. A
society of Friends of the Museum of Anthropology was established in December, 1977, to
assist with the museum's public programs and
fund-raising activities. Mrs. Jean MacMillan
Southam is the first president of the Friends and
our chancellor, Hon. J.V. dyne, is its vice-
president. I have the honor of sitting as a
member at large on the executive.
The museum continues to act as a major attraction for tourists, students and the public in
general. In the fiscal year ending March 31,
1978, 111,340 persons visited the buildings as
individuals or as members of groups. They were
attracted not only by our permanent display of
Northwest Coast Indian materials and artifacts
from other world cultures, but also by a wide
range of special exhibitions, adult education
programs offered in association with the Centre
for Continuing Education, and participation
programs at which artists and members of
ethnic communities demonstrated everything
from native Indian songs and dances to Scandinavian dancing.
There was a total of 12 special exhibitions in
the museum during the fiscal year, including
five collected and arranged by anthropology
and fine arts students. The titles of some of
these exhibitions convey their variety: Chinese
Peasant Textile Arts, Haida Argillite Carving in
Retrospect, Igbo Masks from Southeast Nigeria,
a display of work by Nishga carver Norman
Tait, and a special display commemorating the
18th-century voyage of Captain James Cook to
B.C.
Adult education programs included courses
on the origins of north Europeans, popular
culture in contemporary Canada, the anthropology of Vancouver, the crafts and culture
of Russia, Poland and the Ukraine, east Asian
ceramics, an introduction to Egyptian civilization and an appreciation of Northwest Coast
Indian design. Several workshops and art
courses for children and adults were held during
the year. The Sunday-afternoon participation
programs at the museum saw ethnic groups and
experts give talks and demonstrations of Chilean
music, Korean dances, preservation of Indian
baskets, choral concerts, Chinese calligraphy,
and the songs, history and traditions of the
Kwagiutl Indians of B.C. On Tuesday evenings
the new theatre gallery, completed with funds
from the Devonian Foundation, was used for
musical concerts and film and slide presentations.
The museum also has an important role to
play in the academic life of the University.
Training in museum studies is centred here and
a number of credit courses offered in anthropology and sociology, fine arts and education
make extensive use of the museum and its collections. Nine credit courses held classes in the
museum in the last academic year and eight
senior and graduate students made use of
museum materials for research projects.
From the above, I think you will agree with
the claim of Dr. Ames that the museum is the
leader at Canadian universities in developing
programs that attract the public as well as
students and their professors.
I have chosen to review the activities of the
University's Botanical Garden in this section of
my report on public service because of the opening during the academic year of two important
new areas that enhance its reputation as a
public attraction and as an important part of
the University's academic program. On April
24, 1978, several hundred spectators were on
hand for ceremonies that marked the opening
of an eight-acre garden devoted to the plants of
British Columbia and a nearby two-and-a-half
acre alpine garden. Both these new gardens are
located on the south campus in a semi-circle
surrounding    Thunderbird    Stadium.    They
UBC's Museum of Anthropology attracted more than
110,000 visitors in 1977-78 and
staged many special programs,
including one for blind
children, above, who were introduced to museum artifacts
by museum staff members.
The President's Report 1977-78/21 Glade in the B.C. Native
Garden developed by the UBC
Botanical Garden served as the
site for official opening
ceremonies held in April, 1978.
Nearby alpine garden was
opened the same day.
22/The President's Report 1977-78
represent two of the most important windows
that the University has opened to the community. They provide the general public with opportunities to participate in University programs
and to have an active interface with the University community.
The B.C. Native Garden, dedicated to the
memory of Prof. John Davidson, the first director of the campus botanical garden and a
pioneering B.C. botanist, contains more than
1,800 of the seed and flower plants native to
B.C., which have been carefully planted and
labelled among tall evergreens. The visitor to
the garden follows bark-mulch paths through
the trees and undergrowth of a typical west
coast forest.
The nearby Alpine Garden has been named
for E.H. Lohbrunner of Victoria, who until
1972 produced rare and unusual alpine plants
at his Vancouver Island nursery. When he
retired, UBC purchased his stock for incorpora
tion into the campus garden, which will be supplemented with materials propogated by
members of the Alpine Garden Club of B.C.,
who have taken an active interest in the
development of this new area.
In the same area, known as the Main Garden,
the Botanical Garden staff are developing a
contemporary display garden, a physic garden
for growing medicinal and pharmaceutical
plants and an arbor garden for the display of
climbers and twiners.
The developments described above are part
of a 10-year plan that began in 1971 under the
direction of Dr. Roy Taylor, who holds an appointment in the Department of Plant Science
as well as serving as the Botanical Garden's
director. Quite apart from its value as a public
attraction, the Botanical Garden, which encompasses UO acres of campus land, is used by
students, teachers and researchers for educational purposes and for the testing and evaluation of plant materials. Biology, forestry and
education students use the Botanical Garden as
a learning resource. Special research programs,
such as the growth and development of the
shitake mushroom, are examples of the ways in
which this living University facility can be effectively used by our campus community.
Another major program fostered by the
Botanical Garden in 1977-78 was the use of horticulture in therapy for the University's health
sciences program and for programs associated
with extended care units in Vancouver. More
than 40 professionals in the health and social
sciences attended a symposium on the subject in
March, 1978, and a technical bulletin was
published following the event. The Garden
Club of Vancouver provided funds for construction of a special octagonal greenhouse on the
grounds of the garden's headquarters, which
serves as a training and teaching centre for handicapped people, particularly wheelchair patients. During the summer of 1978, 32 patients
in the Harry Purdy Extended Care Unit of the
UBC Health Sciences Centre Hospital were participants in the program. This type of program
serves to exemplify the kind of innovative and
creative activities that can be developed
through the Botanical Garden.
The Botanical Garden also continued its active role in providing direct public services by
participating in the Home and Garden Show
held annually at the Pacific National Exhibition, by providing guided tours of the garden
with the assistance of the Friends of the Garden,
members of the community who assist the
garden's staff in many areas of its operation,
and by providing a phone-in service for
members of the public who want advice on the
care of plants. These developments are the
direct result of innovation and dedication by
Botanical Garden staff. I extend warm thanks
to Dr. Taylor and his staff for their professional
contribution to University activities and public
education. I also wish to extend my deep appreciation to the Friends of the Garden for their
help in increasing community awareness of
Botanical Garden programs. We all look forward to the successful completion of the entire
Botanical Garden plan.
The University also continues to make an important contribution to the cultural life of the Lower Mainland in terms of art exhibitions in
addition to those staged in the Museum of Anthropology and in terms of theatrical productions and musical concerts.
The Department of Fine Arts sponsored a
total of 10 exhibitions and other events during
the academic year, seven of them in the inadequate Fine Arts Gallery in the north basement
of the Main Library. These were supplemented
during the year by exhibitions in the art gallery
of the Student Union Building, arranged by a
student committee.
Four major productions, including an
original play, Deus ex Machina, by Prof.
Donald Soule of the theatre department, made
up the Frederic Wood Theatre's 1977-78
season, which was followed by three productions
in the summer months by students under the
name Stage Campus '78. The Department of
Music presented 143 free recitals and concerts
during the academic year by a myriad of groups
— large and small choral ensembles, a full symphony orchestra, wind and string orchestras,
and dozens of small-scale recitals for a full range
of instruments and voice, including opera. A
highlight of our summer session is the Vancouver Early Music Program, which consists of
intensive music and dance programs for advanced students and professionals as well as a
series of six public concerts.
And finally, there are the dozens of free lectures and other events that are held throughout
the year both on and off the UBC campus
designed for students, faculty and the general
public as well as professional groups. All these
cultural activities attest to the enthusiasm of our
students and teaching staff in making the varied
cultural life of the University available to our
citizens.
An important aspect of the activities of our
faculty members centres on their involvement
with the dozens of professional organizations to
which they belong. I was impressed, in the
reports from the deans of faculties, with the
number of faculty members who were chairing
or serving as presidents or presidents-elect of
these organizations. I take this opportunity to
list the names of some of those who served in
these capacities in 1977-78.
In Agricultural Sciences, Prof. James MacMillan was president-elect of the Canadian
Agricultural Economics Society, Dr. Bruce
Owen was president of the Agricultural Institute of Canada, and Dr. W.G. Wellington
served as president of the Entomological Society
of Canada.
In the Faculty of Arts, Dr. Douglas Bankson
was co-founder and president of the New Play
Centre in Vancouver, Prof. Donald Stephens
was president of the board of the Vancouver
Playhouse, Dr. James Dybikowski was president
of the B.C. Civil Liberties Association, Dr.
Richard Splane was president of the B.C.
Association of Social Workers, Norman Young
is chairman of the Vancouver Civic Auditorium
Board and grants chairman of the B.C. Arts
Board, Dr. Patricia Marchak was president of
the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology
Association, Prof. A.J. Podlecki served as president of the Classical Association of the Pacific
Northwest, Geoffrey B. Hainsworth was elected
president of the Canadian Council for Southeast
Asian Studies, Prof. Jan de Bruyn accepted a
two-year term as president of the Association of
Canadian University Teachers of English, Dr.
Stefania Ciccone was elected president of the
Canadian Society for Italian Studies for the
period 1978-80, Dr. Arsenio Pacheco was
elected president of the Canadian Association of
Hispanists.
In Dentistry, Joan Voris, who teaches in the
dental hygiene program, was elected president
of the B.C. Dental Hygienists' Association, and
in Education Hannah Polowy is the president of
the Canadian Association of Young Children.
In the Faculty of Forestry, Prof. Harry Smith
became president-elect of the Canadian Institute of Forestry. In the Institute of
Oceanography in Graduate Studies Prof. T.R.
Parsons continues as president of the International Association of Biological Oceanography
and Prof. R.W. Burling serves as president of
the     Canadian     Meteorological     and
Seven major theatrical productions in UBC's Frederic Wood
Theatre drew thousands of
visitors to the campus.
The President's Report 1977-78/23 24/The President's Report 1982-83
Summary of Revenue and
Expenditure
(Excluding Capi
tal Additions
to Endowments, Student Loan and Capital Development Funds)
April 1, 1982 to March 31, 1983
GENERAL FUNDS
TRUST FUNDS
TOTAL
1981-82
For Specific
REVENUE
Per Cent
Purposes
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
Province of British Columbia
Grants
$172,370,508
86.1
$10,720,405
13.8
$183,090,913
65.9
$172,131,645
67.9
Canada — Museum of
Anthropology Grant
200,000
0.1
—
—
200,000
0.1
200,000
0.1
Student Fees
22,567,575
11.3
240,660
0.3
22,808,235
8.2
16,523,305
6.5
Investment Income
4,785,606
2.4
7,289,426
9.4
12,075,032
4.4
11,841,022
y        4.7
Sponsored Research
—
—
48,009,883
61.8
48,009,883
17.3
40,492,543
15.9
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
—
—
11,387,743
14.7
11,387,743
4.1
12,178,996
4.8
Miscellaneous
188,861
$200,112,550
0.1
100.0
—
—
188,861
—
201,560
$253,569,071
0.1
100.0
$77,648,117
100.0
$277,760,667
100.0
EXPENDITURE
Academic
$146,235,050
71.6
$19,131,332
26.7
$165,366,382
60.0
$145,629,710
60.6
Libraries
15,310,037
7.5
1,918,580
2.7
17,228,617
6.2
15,177,718
6.3
Sponsored Research
—
—
45,964,209
64.2
45,964,209
16.7
41,012,865
17.1
Student Services
3,073,957
1.6
1,252,670
1.8
4,326,627
1.6
3,382,350
1.4
Scholarships & Bursaries
3,661,112
1.8
3,183,160
4.4
6,844,272
2.5
4,741,081
2.0
Administration
9,952,437
4.9
182,775
0.2
10,135,212
3.7
8,927,666
3.7
Plant Maintenance
24,960,918
12.2
—
—
24,960,918
9.0
20,729,438
8.6
General Expenses
739,247
0.3
—
—
739,247
0.2
665,932
0.3
Ancillary Enterprises
221,136
$204,153,894
0.1
100.0
—
—
221,136
0.1
100.0
17,271
$240,283,968
—
$71,632,726
100.0
$275,786,620
100.0
EXCESS (DEFICIENCY) OF REVENUE
OVER EXPENDITURE
— General Purposes
$(4,041,344)
—
$(4,041,344)
$6,304,027
— Specific Purposes
—
$6,015,391
$77,648,117
6,015,391
$277,760,667
6,981,076
$253,569,071
$200,112,550
Certain 1981-82 figures have been restated in order to conform
with the Financial Statement presentation adopted in
1982-83.
The President's Report 1982-83/25 26/The President's Report 1977-78
Oceanographic Society. In Law, Prof. Donald
MacDougall was president of the United Way of
Greater Vancouver.
In Medicine, Prof. Nellie Auersperg became
president-elect of the Canadian Society of Cell
Biology, Dr. Stephen Drance was elected president of the International Perimetric Society,
Susan Fife served as president of the Association
of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners of
B.C. and Dr. Harold Copp became president of
one of the sections of the Royal Society of
Canada.
In the Faculty of Science, Prof. R.R. Haering
served as president of the Canadian Association
of Physicists, Prof. Charles McDowell was
elected president of the Chemical Institute of
Canada and for the second time president of the
Council of Canadian Universities Chemistry
Chairmen, Prof. J.E. Phillips was president of
the Canadian Society of Zoologists, and Prof.
Hugh Greenwood completed his term as president of the Geochemical Society.
In the Centre for Continuing Education,
associate director Vince Battistelli was elected
president of the Pacific Association of Continuing Education.
This partial list serves to indicate how ilrrply
involved our faculty is in the work of pioles-
sional organizations. The restrictions of apace
prevent me from listing ;ht* namrs of hiinitirris
of other faculty members who serve on governmental and service organizations as members of
the executive or who chair committees of experts assigned to deal with specific problems.
The University and the academic community is
grateful to them for their continuing efforts.
Let me conclude this section by listing some
of the tangible ways in which faculty members
and students make their expertise available to
the Canadian community.
A broadly based group of UBC scientists,
headed by Prof. John B. Evans, head of Mineral
Engineering, monitor water quality in Rupert
Inlet on northern Vancouver Island, where
mine tailings are being dumped into the sea.
The team reports to the director of the Pollution
Control Branch in Victoria.
The School of Nursing in the Faculty of Applied Science participates in planned parenthood clinics, provides consultation services to
nursing programs in B.C. regional colleges and
has implemented a series of workshops for nursing educators and nursing service administrators.
Dr. Michael Kew, of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology, continues to advise
Indian groups on land matters, Prof. John
Stager of Geography acts as an adviser to northern native peoples and to oil companies on the
location of pipelines, Lois Bewly of Librarian-
ship was consultant to the minister in charge of
libraries for the province of Saskatchewan on
public library legislation, and Prof. Sheila
Egoff, also of Librarianship, served as consultant to the Canada Council on children's books.
Prof. Michael Goldberg, Commerce and
Business Administration, was appointed a
member of the newly formed City of Vancouver
Economic Advisory Commission and continues
as a member of the U.S.-based Transportation
Research Board Committee on Urban Activity
Systems.
Prof. Andrew R. Thompson, who became
director of UBC's Westwater Research Centre
on Sept. 1, 1977, chaired the federal government's West Coast Oil Ports Enquiry, chaired
the executive committee of the Canadian Arctic
Resources Committee and served as director of
the West Coast Environmental Law Association. His predecessor as the director of
Westwater, Prof. Irving Fox, who remains at
UBC as a member of the School of Community
and Regional Planning, was a member of the
Alaska Highway Pipeline Panel responsible for
making an independent critique of policies and
plans for pipeline development in the Yukon.
Dr. Judith Myers, of Agricultural Sciences
and the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology,
was one of the organizers of a symposium held in
Kamloops on knapweed problems. Prof.
Thomas Northcote, another institute member,
organized a group of senior and graduate
students in one of his Department of Zoology
classes to prepare and present a brief on Deer
Lake to the Citizens' Committee for Disposal of
Oakalla lands. The presentation was well received and was taken into account in the committee's decision to recommend deeding 178
acres of the Oakalla lands to the Municipality of
Burnaby as part of Deer Lake Park.
The B.C. Drug and Poison Information Centre, sponsored jointly by the UBC Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Ministry of
Health of B.C., continued to expand. As of October, 1978, the centre will be operational
round the clock seven days a week to provide
drug and poison information to all B.C. health
professionals. Dr. Sydney Katz, a member of the
pharmaceutical sciences faculty, has been a key
figure in the organization called Canadians for
Health Research, which has had a significant
and positive effect on government policy with
regard to university research funding.
Prof. David Suzuki, of the Department of
Zoology, is currently on leave of absence from
the University to work with the Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation on a series of radio
and television programs that deal with science.
His activities in this area have made him as
widely known as his outstanding work in the
field of genetics.
In the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Prof.
W.D. Powrie was on a provincial advisory committee for the control of milfoil in the
Okanagan Lake system, Dr. J. W. Neill was consultant to the Vancouver city engineering
department on street tree planting at the new
courthouse complex. Some 7,000 children
visited the Dairy Cattle Research and Teaching
Unit, where they were given tours by students
from the Department of Animal Science. A
display about the faculty appeared at eight
rural fairs throughout B.C. in the summer of
1977.
The University also continues to make experts
available for work in foreign countries. Dr.
A.R.E. Sinclair, of Zoology and the Institute of
Animal Resource Ecology, was asked by the
federal government to assist in establishing a
multidisciplinary team to study wildlife,
agriculture and tourism in Kenya; Dr. Norman
Wilimovsky of Zoology helped to organize the
fisheries section of a federal-government funded
project that is preparing a development plan for the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia; Dr. Douglas
Webster of Community and Regional Planning
was on a World Bank mission concerned with
regional development in northern Malaysia;
and Dr. Setty Pendakur of the same school
served for two months with the United Nations
on the application of technology to development in Sri Lanka.
And finally, there are the public service contributions of our students. Students in dentistry
provide services to hundreds of Lower Mainland
school children during the summer months, and
many medical students work in communities
throughout B.C. in the summer providing services to a wide range of patients under the
supervision of practising doctors. Our law
students operate free legal advice clinics in centres throughout the Lower Mainland on a year-
round basis and take part in the work of the Environmental Law Centre and various subsections of the B.C. branch of the Canadian Bar
Association.
In the summer of 1978, some 700 students
were involved in research and community service projects related to their disciplines under a
$1.5 million Youth Employment Program funded by the provincial government. The projects
supported were many and varied — a small
business advice program in Commerce and
Business Administration, food information and
horticulture advice services in Agricultural
Sciences, preparation of films, videotapes and
printed material for public-education purposes,
and the preparation of specimen materials for
use in laboratories during the University year.
This brief description of student projects scarcely does justice to the effort that is expended on
them and the impact they have on the community. Certainly, the response to this program
gives the lie to critics who claim that today's
students lack initiative and concern for contemporary social problems.
Continuing
education
Quite frequently, the continuing education
division of a North American university is
viewed as the educational warehouse for
academic miscellany. Our University has rejected this view. UBC has long had a major
commitment to continuing education and firmly believes that programs offered through the
Centre for Continuing Education and extension
activities operated by various faculties are of
great importance to the wider community.
Continuing education serves the general information needs of the province and also provides highly technical curricula for specialists in
various professional areas. The units responsible
for providing continuing education have over
the years developed a province-wide network
that enables them to arrange courses, programs
Jindra Kulich, a long-time
member of the University's administrative staff, was appointed director of the Centre
for Continuing Education in
the 1977-78 academic year.
The President's Report 1977-78/27 28/The President's Report 1977-78
and workshops throughout B.C. There is
scarcely a medium-sized centre in the province
that does not benefit from UBC extension activities in one way or another.
In short, continuing education is one of the
many ways in which the University reaches out
to the community, not only in the Vancouver
area but throughout the province.
The rapid creation of new knowledge and the
consequent obsolescence of the old fosters the
golden opportunity for continuing education.
"Refresher" education is required by mid-career
professionals and is an additional reason for the
strong emergence of continuing education.
UBC is prepared to meet and to serve these
educational needs.
There were two very important developments
in continuing education in 1977-78.
Perhaps the most important was the appointment of Mr. Jindra Kulich as the director of the
Centre for Continuing Education, which was
confirmed by the Board of Governors at its
March, 1978, meeting. Mr. Kulich brings to his
post an impressive background in continuing
education. He has been associated with the centre since 1958 and served as acting director from
January, 1976. He was honored last year by the
Northwest Adult Education Association for
making "an outstanding contribution to the
field of adult education." I know that the
University and the community-at-large will
welcome his appointment and that he will continue to direct the centre's program with energy
and creativity.
Secondly, I am pleased to report some of the
major initiatives undertaken by the provincial
government during the academic year with
respect to the provision of educational services
outside the metropolitan areas. These decisions
may have a profound effect on the structure of
higher education, particularly in the Interior of
the province.
In April, 1977, the government established
the Interior University Programs Board as an
adjunct to the Universities Council. The new
board was charged with making recommendations regarding the funding and extent of
university-level programs to be offered in Interior communities.
In the 1977-78 academic year the Interior
board considered proposals from each of the
universities and recommended funding for a
wide range of activities. UBC was able to expand its continuing education offerings in the
Interior, to improve the quality of its independent study program, to expand its offerings of
credit and non-credit courses in education for
teachers in remote communities and to develop
professional programs in commerce and health
sciences. Funds were also provided for an important study of professional development needs
of foresters living in the Interior.
In February, 1978, the minister of education,
Dr. Patrick McGeer, announced that the
ministry and Britain's Open University had
signed a letter of interest which expressed the
hope of implementing a program of inter-
institutional co-operation in the development of
distance education programs in British Columbia. Later in the year, Dr. McGeer announced
the establishment of the Open Learning Institute which was charged with the delivery of
educational services by distance education
methods to all areas of the province. At the
same time, the Interior University Programs
Board was disbanded. The minister expressed
the desire that further development of Interior
programs in the arts and sciences be undertaken
by the Open Learning Institute and that the
universities continue to develop Interior programs in professional fields. The institute has
been given the power to grant baccalaureate
degrees in the arts and sciences.
Prof. John Ellis of Simon Fraser University
was appointed principal of the Open Learning
Institute. The four Interior citizens who were
members of the Interior University Programs
Board were appointed to the board of directors
of the Open Learning Institute. Among the
other members of the board is Mr. Basil Stuart-
Stubbs, University Librarian at UBC.
The abolition of the Interior Board, a very
successful and energetic institution, and the
establishment of the Open Learning Institute
has created considerable uncertainty about the
future of higher education in the Interior of the
province and the role of this University in providing programs in the Interior. It would be
premature for me to comment on the future of
the Open Learning Institute or the interrelationships which may develop between UBC
and the institute. I must emphasize, however,
that the University remains committed to the
principle of providing higher education to all
those who can profit by it and who can meet the
University's high academic standards. We are
prepared to co-operate in any programs which
will benefit the people of this province educationally.
Inevitably, our thinking about higher education in British Columbia has to undergo some
fundamental change. Fortunately, the University is in the forefront of this change.
The complex and dynamic image of our continuing education activities is not adequately
described by a mere recitation of each of our offerings. Hopefully, the following snapshots
catch part of that image.
Every UBC unit offering continuing education services and programs to the general public
and professional groups experienced an enrolment increase in the 1977-78 academic year.
Four major units — the Centre for Continuing
Education, Continuing Education in the Health
Sciences, the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration and the School of Social Work
— recorded nearly 60,000 registrations in
1977-78, an increase of more than 10 per cent
over registrations in the previous academic year.
In addition, the Faculty of Education continues
to provide continuing education services for
teachers throughout the province, through
credit courses administered by Extra-Sessional
Studies, seminars, conferences and workshops
that are held on and off the campus.
Our Centre for Continuing Education annually provides one of the most varied and extensive programs in all of North America. It increased its registrations by more than six per
cent in 1977-78 to 35,436 persons from 33,377
in the previous year.
A number of existing centre programs expanded considerably in 1977-78. Enrolment in
the diploma program for vocational teachers in colleges doubled, as did the number of women
who made use of the Women's Resources Centre
in downtown Vancouver, which developed a
new service — a vocational planning centre and
job-hunting manual. Increased enrolments
were experienced in the continuing education
program for librarians, offered in co-operation
with the School of Librarianship; and the
Language Institute, which offers beginners and
advanced courses in a wide range of modern
languages and a variety of English programs
for non-English-speaking Canadians, immigrants and participants from abroad. Among
the new programs offered by the centre in the
academic year were a course for legal assistants,
a spring school for professional planners, a fishfarming forum, a dairy goat production course,
a project to assist professionals and others working with immigrant families and their elders,
and a new overseas program in co-operation
with universities in the United Kingdom.
One of the most exciting developments in
university education has been the expansion of
activities in the Interior of the province. The
centre has participated vigorously in this activity, taking both general education and professional continuing education programs to Interior communities. Citizens advisory committees were established in several centres in the
Thompson-Okanagan region to assist in exploring local needs and in the arrangement of programs. The centre worked closely with Interior
community colleges in offering its non-credit
programs.
Registrations for programs sponsored by our
Division of Continuing Education in the Health
Sciences increased by nearly 3,000 persons to
11,246 in 1977-78. It is worth noting that of the
total number of courses arranged by this division — 238 — almost half of them, 109, were
put on in off-campus centres as far-flung as Victoria, Penticton, Prince George, Terrace and
Fort St. John.
The division placed increased emphasis on
stimulating inter-professional learning among
two or more health professions and undertook a
number of projects to encourage health professionals to initiate their own continuing education with the division providing faculty support
when requested. A network of eight regional coordinators for the continuing dental education
program was established at a workshop held in
June, 1978. The co-ordinators were provided
with skills to identify and meet the particular
continuing education needs of dentists in their
communities. Another intensive workshop
trained 32 new co-ordinators for the continuing
pharmacy program. The division has also
reprinted a handbook entitled "Program Planning Guide for Health Professionals," which
provides a step-by-step explanation of how continuing education programs should be planned.
Professional programs in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration are divided
into three divisions: Executive Programs, which
offers short-term management seminars; the
Diploma Division, which is concerned with
long-term professional career training; and the
Real Estate Division, which is responsible for
licensing and continuing education in the real
estate industry.
In 1977-78, executive programs offered more
than 70 management seminars to more than
2,000 businessmen and women throughout the
province on such diverse topics as organizational
management, finance, marketing, accounting
and management information systems, industrial relations and urban land economics.
Off-campus locations for some of these seminars
included Kamloops, Kelowna, Castlegar, Cran-
brook, Prince George, Edmonton, Calgary and
Toronto.
Some 4,500 students were registered for five
professional development programs offered by
the diploma division. Approximately 2,500
students are enrolled for the five-year Certified
General Accountants' course, while the balance
of the division's enrolment was in the five-year
Society of Management Accountants' course,
the Junior Chamber of Commerce business
management program, the three-year
Marketing and Sales Management diploma program and a three-year course that leads to
fellowship in the Institute of Canadian Bankers.
The continuing education program offered
by our School of Social Work is designed to
enhance the knowledge and skills of social
workers who hold a university degree and to
provide educational opportunities for people
employed in social services but who lack professional education. Some 2,000 people in these
categories were involved in continuing education programs sponsored by the school in
1977-78, including an annual conference on
family practice sponsored by the five western
Canadian social work schools.
Throughout the year, at all three of our
academic sessions, the Faculty of Education
provides continuing education opportunities for
the teachers of B.C. In 1977-78, 129 on-campus
credit courses were provided in the late afternoon and evening, 88 credit courses were held
off campus, and 95 major non-credit courses
and workshops were provided in various centres.
During the spring and summer sessions, 166
undergraduate and 59 graduate education and
physical education courses were available for
both teachers and non-teachers.
The education faculty and the Centre for
Continuing Education co-operated in presenting several conferences, non-credit courses and
credit and non-credit travel courses. In July,
1978, the education faculty's Business Education Department sponsored a Business
Educators' Work Experience Refresher Program in association with a federal government
department. Dean John Andrews estimates that
members of his faculty devoted 8,000 hours during the academic year to public lectures,
seminars and conferences sponsored by UBC or
by participating in workshops at the request of
teachers' groups and school districts.
The President's Report 1977-78/29 Grants from the Devonian
Foundation in Calgary enabled
the University to move the
buildings and totem poles in
Totem Pole Park to a new site
adjacent to the Museum of Anthropology.
30/The President's Report 1977-78
Capita!
financing and
new buildings
For more than two years the University has
had before the Universities Council a five-year
building program totalling approximately $145
million. It was my hope that the provincial
government's new B.C. Educational Institutions
Financing Authority Act, passed in the spring of
1976, would enable us to break the log jam of
the last five years and begin to make substantial
progress toward our goal of providing improved
academic and research space for a substantial
number of overcrowded faculties and departments.
Authorization was given to the University in
1977-78 to begin planning some new facilities,
but the fate of most of our proposals to the
Universities Council is still unknown. As I have
said in previous reports, our backlog of unmet
building needs is having a serious effect on the
improvement and development of the academic
program, which cannot flourish and grow in
sub-standard quarters, which include about 100
old army huts that were brought to the campus
at the end of World War II to provide temporary accommodation when our enrolment
escalated almost overnight as the result of the
University's decision to provide higher education to returning war veterans.
I do not regard our requests for capital funds
and new buildings as extravagant. They were
carefully chosen from a list developed as a result
of an investigation by the Senate Committee on
Academic Building Needs. The requests were
also scrutinized by the Board of Governors and
have been the subject of discussions and
meetings with a sub-committee of the Council
charged with making recommendations on construction. I can only add that we are continuing
to press with the Council our need for capital
funds.
Two projects were accepted as being substantially complete by the Board during the 1977-78
academic year: Stage II of the new Aquatic
Centre, which is being built with funds contributed by UBC students, faculty and
employed staff, the Board of Governors, the
federal and provincial governments and the
community-at-large; and Phase II of a new
building adjacent to the Museum of Anthropology to house the Department of Anthropology and Sociology. The former building
will provide unrivalled recreational and
academic facilities for UBC and the community
when it opens in the 1978-79 academic year; the
latter building provides teaching and office
facilities for a department that has long endured in old army huts and its proximity to the
new museum provides easy access to an outstanding collection of anthropological materials
which will enhance teaching and research.
The Devonian Foundation of Calgary
generously provided funds for two projects
associated with the new Museum of Anthropology. The gift enabled the University to
move the buildings and totem poles in Totem
Pole Park to a new site adjacent to the museum,
and to complete the theatre gallery inside the
museum. The latter facility, which will be used
for lectures and the showing of films and slides,
is equipped with a sophisticated audio-visual
system. These performance facilities significantly increase the University's capacity to communicate with the public on a variety of
cultural topics, including our native Indian
heritage, and provide modern facilities for student experimentation and education. We are
grateful to the Devonian Foundation for its
assistance.
At its final meeting in the academic year on
July 4, 1978, the Board approved the award of a
$3,230,000 contract for construction of additions to the Basic Medical Sciences Buildings for
the Departments of Anatomy, Biochemistry and
Physiology. These additions are another step in
the expansion of our medical school, which involves the expenditure of more than $50 million
to expand facilities on the campus and at
teaching hospitals in Vancouver where our
senior medical students receive clinical training.
The University has also undertaken to double
the size of its entering medical class from 80 to
160 students. As a first step in this expansion,
the size of the class was increased by eight
students in 1977-78. A continuing project which
is part of the physical expansion of our campus
Health Sciences Centre is construction of a
240-bed Acute Care Unit costing more than
$32.5 million.
At its meeting on April 4, 1978, the Board
approved sites for construction of new buildings
to house the School of Home Economics and the
Department of Psychology and approved a
recommendation to locate the Schools of Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine on the third floor of the Acute Care Unit now under construction.
The home economics building will be built
100 yards or so south of the school's present
location on the East Mall, directly across from
the new Library Processing Centre, which is
rapidly nearing completion. The psychology
building will be constructed on the West Mall,
due west of the Neville V. Scarfe Building which
houses the Faculty of Education. Detailed planning preceding a call for tenders for construction of these new units is now underway.
At its May meeting, the Board was informed
that the provincial government had authorized
the University to borrow $3.5 million to build an
addition to the TRIUMF accelerator which will
house a small cyclotron that will produce
radioactive isotopes that are widely used in the
diagnosis of disease in humans and for research.
The radioisotopes produced at TRIUMF will be
marketed by the commercial products division
of Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. under an
agreement between UBC and that federal agency.
In June, the University received authorization
to borrow $5.1 million for a variety of labor-
intensive capital projects, including general
landscaping improvements, upgrading of playing fields and roads and installation of new
underground services such as sewers and water-
mains. One of the major projects being undertaken with this grant is the improvement of the
south-campus road system to provide improved
access to parking lots adjacent to the expanding
Health Sciences Centre.
At its June meeting, the Board approved a
change of name for the Physical Education Centre adjacent to the Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre on Thunderbird Boulevard. This complex will be known in future as the Robert F.
Osborne Centre for Prof. Osborne, who retired
on June 30,  1978, after faithfully serving the
University for 33 years as director of the School
of Physical Education and Recreation.
For the first time in many years, the University lost a teaching and research facility to fire,
which broke out in the swine research unit
operated by the Department of Animal Science
early on Sept. 24, 1977. About 190 animals died
in the blaze, which wiped out the breeding and
feed-trial program operated by the department.
The unit was insured and steps have been taken
to rebuild it.
In my last report I outlined the position the
University had taken on the future of the
University Endowment Lands, which were the
subject of a study by a task force established by
the provincial government. One of the main
recommendations in the report of the task
force, made public in September, 1977, was
that just under 2,000 acres of the lands "be
designated as a natural park supporting integrated uses for recreation, education, and
forest ecology research." The area to be so
designated includes the undeveloped part of the
UEL, the existing University golf course, and
Foreshore Park, the strip of land now under the
control of the Vancouver Park Board, which
runs around the perimeter of the Point Grey
peninsula on the seaward side of Marine Drive
from the Musqueam Indian Reserve to Spanish
Banks.
Other recommendations of the task force
would give the University a major role to play in
the future management of the lands. UBC
would be a member of a representative body to
advise the provincial government on park-
operation policy and would have authority to
issue park-use permits. The task force also
recognizes that the lands are extensively used by
many UBC faculties and departments for
teaching and research purposes. The location of
the lands adjacent to the campus, the report
says, "offers unique educational potential with
Construction continued during
the academic year on the new
acute care unit of the campus
Health Sciences Centre
Hospital.
The President's Report 1977-78/31 Physical education gymnasium
complex on the south campus
was renamed the Robert F.
Osborne Centre for Prof.
Osborne, who retired in 1978
after serving for 33 years as
director of the School of
Physical Education and
Recreation.
maximum efficiencies in travel time and constant access."
The University's suggestion, in its submission
to the task force, that portions of the UEL be
reserved for agricultural, forestry and ecological
demonstration areas was viewed with approval
by the task force, which said this proposal was
"compatible with all criteria, including those of
Vancouver and the Greater Vancouver
Regional District, and has received widespread
institutional and public support."
No announcement had been made by the
provincial government concerning the recommendations in the task force report when the
academic year ended on August 31, 1978.
32/The President's Report 1977-78
The
student body
Enrolment at the University during the
1977-78 academic year — the 12-month period
from September 1, 1977, to August 31, 1978 —
was at an all-time high of 32,015 students. This
total was made up of 23,208 students registered
for the regular daytime winter session; 1,050 in
nighttime, extra-sessional courses held during
the winter session; 2,565 registered for the
spring session which runs from May through July; 3,975 registered in the summer session; and
1,217 who were registered for correspondence
courses administered by the Centre for Continuing Education.
For the purpose of reporting to the Universities Council, our enrolment figures are based
on the University's 1977-78 fiscal year, which
runs from April 1 to the following March 31.
During this period, UBC's total enrolment was
31,572 students, made up of 23,208 daytime
winter session students; 1,050 nighttime, extra-
sessional students; 2,110 spring session students;
3,987 registered for the 1977 summer session;
and 1,217 who took correspondence programs.
This total represents an increase of .04 per cent
in student registration over the 1976-77 fiscal
year.
Two interesting aspects of our daytime winter
session enrolment are the growing number of
students who are classified as part-time students
taking fewer than 12 units of academic work,
and the percentage of women in the student
body.
In the five-year period from 1973 to 1978, the
percentage of part-time students in the daytime
winter session enrolment has risen from 16.8 to
21.07. Many of these students, it appears, are
simply extending their school year by taking a
reduced number of courses during the winter
session. Some students continue their studies by
enrolling in the spring session which begins in
May.
I am pleased that the University has recognized and accepted the responsibility for
educating students of all ages who cannot come
to the campus for full-time study. I am convinced that the trend toward part-time study will accelerate in the years to come, providing students
with the opportunity to combine work experience with formal education. Moreover, access to higher education should not be
manipulated in such a way that individuals who
cannot attend full-time are disqualified.
The traditional model of universities assumed
that an "educated man or woman" could only
be produced by having students "stay put" for
four consecutive years. Quality education is not
necessarily guaranteed by forcing all students
into this framework. And I cannot accept the
argument that part-time study is a threat to the
quality of education. We surely should welcome
this trend toward alternative ways to obtaining a
degree.
For the second winter session in a row, women
outnumbered men 51.6 per cent to 48.4 in a
total first-year class of 3,318 students enrolled in
the  Faculties of Agricultural  Sciences,   Arts, Education, Science and the nursing program in
the Faculty of Applied Science. Men are still in
the majority in terms of our overall daytime
winter enrolment, 55.6 per cent to 44.4 per
cent. Women continue to make up an increasing proportion of our undergraduate and
graduate enrolment. The undergraduate ranks
were 46.1 per cent women and our graduate
enrolment was 35.1 per cent women in the
1977-78 winter session.
It is interesting to compare these proportions
to the general Canadian picture for post-
secondary gross enrolment rate, or the total full-
time enrolment related to the 18-24 age group,
which makes up about 80 per cent of all
students. For Canada as a whole, the mix of
post-secondary students changed from 30 per
cent female in 1962 to 40 per cent in 1971 and
45 per cent in 1976.
Women are also increasingly evident in
UBC's professional schools. They make up 20.6
per cent of the enrolment in Commerce and
Business Administration; 28.3 per cent in Law;
13.6 per cent in Forestry; and 28.6 per cent in
Science. In the Faculty of Arts, women now
make up 59 per cent of the total enrolment.
Our undergraduate enrolment was up very
slightly in 1977-78 to 19,953 students compared
to 19,879 the previous year. Our graduate
enrolment in 1977-78 increased to 2,972 from
2,918 in 1976-77.
In recent years, there have been suggestions
that Canadian universities should drastically
restrict enrolments in graduate education
because of a belief that there is a serious
unemployment problem for new Ph.D.'s. This
bleak conclusion raises some serious questions.
I want to emphasize that if those who set
policy at the provincial and national levels do
not recognize the vital role that graduate education plays in our society the future of Canada
may not be what we would wish. In general, I
do not believe that past history or the employment picture justifies the conclusion that
graduate enrolment should be diminished,
especially if Canadian universities are to meet
the needs of the work force and society.
Canada's top graduate schools must continue to
educate doctoral students if this country is to
have adequate human resources in the 1990s to
staff our universities and meet the needs of
business and industry. Lack of foresight will
have a disastrous effect on the overall future
needs of the nation.
Past experience should enable us to avoid the
mistakes of the past. Briefly, let me describe the
development of graduate education in Canada
and the consequences of the policies pursued in
the past.
Just over 30 years ago, in 1944-45, there were
only five Canadian universities that offered doctorates, and then only in a few areas of
specialization. As a result, with a few exceptions, scholars of my generation were educated
outside Canada. By 1958-59, 16 Canadian
universities offered work at the doctoral level.
During the late 1960s and early 1970s, there was
a general maturation in quality and number of
doctoral programs in Canada.
The upshot of the late development of
graduate studies in Canada has been that the
number of doctorates granted has never been
commensurate with our maturity as a developed
country. In 1960-61, for example, all Canadian
universities produced 305 doctorates, about
equal to the number granted by Harvard
University, a university significantly smaller
than UBC in size. Today, the number of earned
doctorates awarded in Canada is estimated at
only 2,000 each year. This figure must be
balanced against the large number of Canadian
students studying abroad. As late as 1976-77,
there were 603 Canadian graduate students in
British universities and at least 3,000 in U.S.
universities. Not surprisingly, it is estimated
that 60 per cent of all Ph.D.'s in Canada were
awarded by foreign universities.
Data such as these serve to indicate that it is
vital that there should be no weakening of the
network of graduate schools in Canada. Otherwise, the country will, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, be once again forced to recruit non-
Canadians to meet its work force needs. It
would indeed be ironic and sad if Canadian
universities and industry were faulted for
recruiting non-Canadians because public policy
forced universities to contract enrolment in
graduate schools.
The University made two major decisions in
the 1977-78 academic year that will affect
future and present students.
At its first meeting of the academic year in
September, 1977, the University Senate approved higher admission requirements for
students entering the University for the first
time. Effective in September, 1981, students
entering UBC from B.C. secondary schools will
be required to have a general C + average, and
they will have to have taken English 11 and 12,
Social Studies 11, Mathematics 11, a science 11,
plus French 11 or a foreign language. At present
the only mandatory subjects are the two English
courses and Social Studies 11.
It had been hoped that the University policy
of not requiring specific courses would permit
secondary schools to tailor academic programs
to the individual needs of the student. This
hope has not been realized. School principals
report that they have been frustrated in their attempts to provide the best possible program in
the face of a desire by secondary-school students
to take an easy one. In short, our policy was not
providing adequate guidance to secondary-
school students in selecting the broad academic
background for University study that the Senate
admissions committee felt was appropriate.
Senate also approved a timetable for the implementation of the new entrance regulations.
A suitable period of time had to be allowed for
in scheduling the new requirements so that
students just entering secondary schools would
be able to tailor their programs to fit the new
policy.
As the result of a request made by the Board
of Governors at its November meeting, a
President's Advisory Committee to Review Student Services was established. I welcomed the
motion from the Board's staff committee
because, so far as I am aware, there had never
been a University-wide review of services provided to students. The object of the study was to
devise more effective ways of delivering existing
services and to receive suggestions for new services that might be provided for students.
The President's Report 1977-78/33 Dr. Margaret Fulton, who
resigned as dean of women during the academic year to
become president of Mount St.
Vincent University, fostered
programs that raised the level
of consciousness concerning
women's issues within the
University.
34/The President's Report 1977-78
The request for the review coincided with the
announcement that Dr. Margaret Fulton,
UBC's dean of women and an esteemed member
of the Faculty of Education, had accepted an
invitation to become the president of Mount St.
Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Until the review was completed it was decided to
hold in abeyance the appointment of a committee to seek a successor to Dean Fulton.
The eight-member committee, including two
students, that carried out the review was
chaired by Dr. Ruth L. White of the Department of French. The committee's report, submitted in May, 1978, called for a radical
reorganization of services provided to students.
The report recommended, among other
things, the appointment of a senior person with
appropriate administrative and academic
background who would provide "creative and
vigorous leadership" to student service agencies
at UBC, and who would chair a standing advisory committee to co-ordinate the work of the
directors of each major area of student services.
The report also recommended establishment
of a counselling centre that would provide
general counselling as well as special facilities
for counselling foreign students and accommodation for chaplains, community referral
services, day care and residence co-ordinators.
The committee also recommended that the centre include an office for women students to
replace the Office of the Dean of Women and,
in close association with the centre, a Career
Education and Placement Centre, which would
be staffed by career-education specialists who
would work closely with the new Canada
Employment Office on the campus.
The Board of Governors approved recommendations that affected the Office of the Dean
of Women at its meeting in June, 1978. The
unit was renamed the Women Students' Office
and it was agreed that it should be headed by a
director and that an immediate search should
be launched for an appropriate person to fill the
position.
Dr. Lorette Woolsey, a sessional lecturer in
counselling psychology, was named acting
director of the Women Students' Office while
the search is being conducted.
The recommendations that affected the Office of the Dean of Women were the subject of a
minority report by Dr. Myrne Nevison, of the
Faculty of Education, who was a member of the
advisory committee on student services. The
committee was divided on some of the questions
affecting the future of the office. Dr. Nevison
took issue with the suggestion that the women's
office should be part of an overall counselling
service with the director reporting to the head of
the proposed counselling centre. She felt that
restricting access by the women's office director
to the counselling centre head would prevent
women's issues being heard in the higher administrative echelons of the University. She said
the University "would be wise...to preserve the
function of the Office of the Dean of Women at
a level where the head of it reports directly to
the vice-president (of faculty and student affairs)...."
It was decided to accept the views expressed
by Dr. Nevison. The new director of the
Women Students' Office, when appointed, will
report directly to Prof. Erich Vogt, the vice-
president for faculty and student affairs, rather
than through the new position of assistant to the
vice-president for faculty and student affairs.
Prof. Vogt plans to move quickly in the 1978-79
academic year to establish a senior administrative position for an individual who will
co-ordinate the work of various campus
counselling services and to establish the standing advisory committee on student services
recommended in the report. The committee
will be asked to consider the recommendations
made in the student services report that have
not already been acted on.
The decision of Dr. Margaret Fulton to accept a new challenge as president of Mount St.
Vincent University means that her talents and
insights as an academic and administrator will
be visible on a larger stage. Her vigorous leadership as Dean of Women at UBC has made the
University community more aware of the issues
that affect women as students and members of
society in general. She was the driving force
behind the introduction of a number of new
programs that raised the level of consciousness
concerning women's issues within the University. Dean Fulton and her able staff initiated a
career orientation program for women that included counselling workshops and panel discussions and new internship and co-operative
education programs provided opportunities to
participate in course-related and supervised
work experiences in forestry and engineering,
two fields traditionally dominated by men.
Dean Fulton also fostered the initiation of
University-wide cultural programs, expanded
student counselling and referral services and
improved liaison with a wide range of committees and organizations both on and off the cam- pus. I know that her many friends at UBC and
in the community will join me in wishing her
comparable success in her new post.
Toward the end of the academic year it
became necessary for the University to take action to solve a number of serious administrative
problems that had arisen at International
House. These centred on the relationship between some students and some members of the
board of directors of the house and its executive
director, Dr. Colin Smith. At its meeting on
May 2, 1978, the Board of Governors approved
a recommendation from Vice-President Erich
Vogt that the constitution of International
House be suspended. The Board placed the administration and day-to-day operation of International House in the hands of Prof. Vogt and
requested him to consult with appropriate community and University groups with a view to
revising the constitution of International House
and to investigate charges concerning the administration and management of the house and
its role on campus.
Regrettably, the Board had to take further
action concerned with this problem by terminating the appointment of the executive
director, Dr. Smith, at its meeting on June 6.
International House has been a part of campus life at UBC since the end of World War II,
when its organization was fostered by UBC's
then president Dr. Norman MacKenzie. It has
played a valuable role over the years in providing a social and activity centre where Canadian and foreign students have been able to
meet one another and engage in a wide range of
useful activities. I am confident that the consultations now taking place at the University
and in the community will lead to a resolution
of the problems that have beset International
House and that it will once again become a focal
point for international student activities on the
campus.
Athletic programs in some North American
universities have frequently been the target of
harsh criticism. In general, Canadian universities have escaped the charges levelled at some
institutions of engaging in a mad scramble to
recruit star athletes and name coaches who, in
the case of the former, do little studying and fail
to graduate and, in the case of the latter, make
no contribution to the academic life of the
university through teaching and research.
Canadian universities in general have
achieved a concensus view on the role of
athletics within a university, a view that excludes the awarding of athletic scholarships to
create winning teams. UBC students take a keen
interest in the campus athletic program, both as
participants and spectators. It is a source of
pride to me that most student athletes complete
their academic work and obtain their degrees.
The coaches of our teams, most of whom are
members of the School of Physical Education
and Recreation, should also be congratulated
for their dedicated efforts over the years in
building an exciting program, often in the face
of considerable financial and other obstacles.
UBC has one of the most extensive athletic
programs and some of the finest facilities in
Canada  for  physical   activity.   Our  students,
faculty and staff, and members of the community take full advantage of these facilities on
a year-round basis.
During the University's winter session these
facilities are in almost constant use for extra-
and intramural sports programs and by
students and faculty members who enrol in
Recreation UBC, which provides supervised
recreation services in a wide variety of sports.
The demand for the use of facilities far exceeds
their availability. Ice surfaces in the Winter
Sports Centre, for instance, are in use until
three and sometimes four o'clock in the morning
most nights of the week to accommodate all
those who want to play hockey and engage in
other winter sports activities.
In the spring and summer, the School of
Physical Education and Recreation runs youth
sports camps that enable young people to learn
basic skills in a wide range of physical activities.
A soccer school and daytime and resident
hockey schools are part of this program. Most of
the instructors in the camps and schools are
UBC students who are well qualified to instruct
in these activities.
When our new Aquatic Centre comes into
operation early in the 1978-79 academic year it
will provide an outstanding facility for swimming and a number of academic activities
associated with physical education and recreation as well as rehabilitation medicine.
I want to emphasize here that the use of these
athletic facilities is not restricted to members of
the University community. We have gone to
UBC has one of the most extensive athletic programs in
Canada for students, faculty
and staff. Facilities are also
used by the off-campus community on a year-round basis.
The President's Report 1977-78/35 Trophy recognizing UBC's top
female athlete for 1977-78 was
shared by Dorothy Schwaiger,
left above, and Dorothy Livingstone, both members of the
UBC Thunderette volleyball
team that won the Canadian
universities and Canadian open
championships. Gary Warner,
right, the captain of the UBC
Thunderbird volleyball team,
was the recipient of the Bobby
Gaul Memorial Trophy as
UBC's outstanding male
athlete.
36/The President's Report 1977-78
great lengths to ensure that wherever possible a
considerable portion of time is available to community groups and that members of the
community-at-large sit on the management
committees responsible for the administration
of these facilities.
Our extra-mural athletic teams continued to
perform well in competition with other universities. The year's top honors went to our
women's volleyball team, which won the Canadian open championship in April, 1978, after
having won the Canadian intercollegiate championship. The team's captain, Dorothy
Schwaiger, shared the most-valuable-player
award and the team's coach, fourth-year
Education student Dianne Murray, was named
coach of the year.
Other women's teams that brought home
championships were field hockey, cross country
and track and field.
Our men's teams also performed well and
brought home their share of championships.
Our English rugby team retained the World
Cup and two members of the squad — Preston
Wiley and Gary Hirayama — were selected for a
national team coached by UBC's Donn Spence.
Bob Laycoe was named wrestling coach of the
year after his team regained the Canada West
championship and sent five students to the national collegiate championships, where Peter
Farkas won his division and was named
outstanding wrestler. Other outstanding performances came from our junior varsity basketball
team; our judo team, which won the Canada
West title for the fourth consecutive year; our
rowing team, which won at local regattas and at
two meets in the United States; our men's
hockey team, which finished second to the
University of Alberta, which went on to defeat
the University of Toronto for the national collegiate championship; and our Canadian football team, which came within an eyelash of winning their second straight western Canada title.
Our coaching staff also received their share of
national recognition. Donn Spence coached
Canada's rugby team; John McBryde served as
Canada's national field hockey coach; Bob
Laycoe as assistant coach of the Canadian
wrestling team at the Commonwealth games
held in Edmonton in the summer of 1978;
Lionel Pugh as track and field coach to the
Canadian team at the same event. And Dr.
Robert Hindmarch was a member of the national Hockey Development Council as adviser
to Hockey Canada. Rick Noonan, who serves as
trainer to senior UBC teams, was head trainer
for Team Canada in the World Hockey championships in Prague and at the World B Tournament in Japan.
UBC students are widely recognized for their
achievements in fields other than athletics.
Many have been singled out for special
academic recognition and I extend my personal
congratulations to each of them. Listed below
are the winners of awards that were announced
publicly or reported to me by the deans of
faculties.
Dennis Bergen, a fourth-year student in
Mineral Engineering, received the top
undergraduate award made to students annually in the field, the Canadian Mineral Industries
Foundation Scholarship. For the second year in a row, Anthony
Southgate, a graduate student in the Department of Creative Writing, was honored at the
Canadian Student Film Festival held in Montreal in September, 1977. His award in this
academic year was a special one for dialogue. In
the same competition, theatre student Forrest
Taylor won the best editing award.
A graduate student in Music, M.C. Maguire,
received the William St. Clair Low Award for
chamber music in Canada in a competition
sponsored by the Composers, Authors and
Publishers Association of Canada.
The University Chamber Singers, directed by
James Fankhauser, won first prize in the mixed
voices category of an annual national choral
competition sponsored by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
Craig Emby, a Doctor of Philosophy degree
candidate in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, was the recipient of a
Bronfman Fellowship to further his studies in
accounting. In the same faculty, all three commerce students in the urban land economics
division who applied received prestigious
graduate scholarships awarded annually by
Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation.
This brings to five the number of graduate
students in the division who hold the CMHC
awards.
Third-year Dentistry student Wayne Chou
was a student representative at the 56th general
session of the International Association for Dental Research held in Washington, D.C, in
March, 1978, and UBC representative at the
Canadian Dental Association task clinic presentation in Winnipeg. Mark Antosz, a second-year
student in the same faculty, represented UBC at
the 14th annual Dental Student Conference on
Research at the University of North Carolina in
April, 1978. J. Girard was a member of the
Council of Student Affairs of the Canadian
Dental Association.
Tom Redl, a Forestry student working under
the direction of Thomas Northcote of the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology, was the
recipient of the B.C. Professional Foresters'
Prize for the best thesis submitted for the
Bachelor of Science in Forestry degree.
Michael Sinclair, a student working with Dr.
W.E. Rees in the School of Community and
Regional Planning, received an American Institute of Planners' outstanding achievement
award for his master's thesis.
Marc Gold, a graduating student in the
Faculty of Law, was awarded a Viscount Bennett Fellowship to pursue a graduate degree at
Harvard University.
Gordon Wong, a 1978 honors graduate in
biochemistry, was the recipient of the 1978
Rhodes Scholarship for British Columbia.
A number of students in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences distinguished themselves
during the academic year. Stephanie Ensworth
won the Aubrey Brown Award for the best thesis
on a topic related to the practice of pharmacy
awarded by the Canadian Association for the
Advancement of Pharmacy and was the recipient of an association fellowship to support
graduate work in hospital pharmacy. The
association's E.L. Wood Award for the best
undergraduate research thesis was awarded to
Stephen Ng. Marc Levine had the highest
standing in the national Pharmacy Examining
Board examinations which won him the George
E. Burbidge Award.
Too numerous to mention are the hundreds
of undergraduate and graduate students who
won national and UBC awards and scholarships
for their outstanding academic work. Our
students have always done extremely well in the
many awards competitions that are held annually. It is their academic abilities which have
served to enhance the reputation of the University throughout the world.
The heads of the 1978 graduating classes are
listed in a later section of this report dealing
with our annual Congregation ceremony for the
awarding of honorary and academic decrees.
The President's Report 1977-78/37 The useful life of UBC's Main
Library, a landmark on the
central campus since 1925, is
rapidly coming to an end, partly because overcrowding has
become a serious barrier to
meeting the needs of users.
The
University
library
38/The President's Report 1977-78
UBC's library system, which is charged with
maintaining and expanding collections of
books, documents, maps and recordings and
providing reference services for the University
community and the general public, has been
among the University units that have been
hardest hit in recent years by inflation and the
devaluation of the Canadian dollar.
The library spent $2,473,368 to add 90,403
volumes to its collection in 1977-78; the previous
year it spent $1,954,121 to add 92,843 volumes.
This situation would have been significantly
worse had not the Board of Governors provided
an additional $487,000 during the academic
year so that the library would not experience
any loss in purchasing power.
Overcrowding in the Main Library and in
reading rooms and branch libraries continues to
be a major obstacle in meeting the needs of
users of the library system. Main Library collections increased by 53,020 volumes, of which
32,245 were added to the main stacks. But in
order to diminish overcrowding on shelves and
allow for another year of normal growth, 62,066
volumes had to be relegated to storage, which
results in increased costs of operation and user
dissatisfaction.
There seems little hope of early relief for the
overcrowding problem. The Asian Centre,
which will eventually house our outstanding col
lection of Asian library materials, remains half-
finished with no assurance of the funds that
would enable us to resume construction, and
planning for the extension to the Scarfe
Building for the Faculty of Education is in
abeyance. The only hope for increased space in
the Main Library lies in the completion of the
new Library Processing Centre, which is moving
ahead but behind schedule. Alterations to the
interior of the Main Library will mean very high
costs because of the necessity of conforming to
the National Building Code. UBC's chief
librarian, Basil Stuart-Stubbs, believes that "the
useful life of this extremely complex and obsolete building is running out." Clearly, the
University will be compelled to face this major
issue in the immediate future.
The so-called "knowledge explosion" of recent decades has raised some grave problems for
libraries and librarians. It's estimated that information in all fields is doubling every decade.
In some areas, the rate of increase is even faster.
In a system as large as UBC's, this has meant
that the traditional card catalogue has grown to
about 6.2 million cards occupying a generous
part of one floor of the Main Library as well as
scores of catalogues located in branch libraries
and reading rooms scattered across the campus.
New technology — the computer and the
development of microfiche — hold out the hope
of solving some of the problems that confront
the librarian and the library user. The first steps
in the development of a computer-based union
catalogue of UBC's collection of library
materials got underway during the 1977-78
academic year. The UBC project is only one
slice of a province-wide project which will eventually    result    in    a    computer-based    union catalogue that will list the holdings of all B.C.
libraries.
This development is particularly important
for potential and future students in communities scattered over wide distances in this
province. If the library in their own community
does not have the material they want, users will
be able to locate it rapidly and order it over an
interlibrary telex or computer link. The
development of this system and establishing it
throughout the province is no overnight task,
however. It will be five years before the UBC
library holdings are on microfiche. UBC and
other post-secondary institutions are receiving
generous financial backing from the provincial
Ministry of Education to enable planning and
development to go forward on several aspects of
work related to this project.
This development, plus the fact that
reference services in the UBC library system
continue to attract very heavy use, serves to emphasize what I have said in previous reports: the
UBC library system is a provincial and national
resource that is called on daily to meet the needs
of a wide range of people inside and outside the
University. If we continue to experience financial difficulties, the value of that resource will
be eroded and will not be able to respond to the
legitimate demands made on it. In such a case,
it is not just our faculty and students who will be
the losers, it will be the entire Canadian community.
Finally, let me say that I have the greatest admiration for Mr. Stuart-Stubbs and his professional and support staff, who make every effort
to maintain a high quality of service in the face
of severe problems. The time is approaching,
however, when hard work will not be able to
make up for the widening gap between wish and
reality in the Main Library.
The University honors scholarship and
achievement and takes pride when faculty
members are recognized by the wider academic
community. An impressive number of our
teaching and research staff were honored or
received awards in the 1977-78 academic year. I
take this opportunity to congratulate all these
distinguished scholars. I list below those
reported to me by the deans of the faculties.
In Agricultural Sciences, Dr. R.M. Beames
was inducted into the Canadian Agricultural
Hall of Fame and Prof. V.C. "Bert" Brink was
the recipient of the Man-of-the-Year Award by
the Pacific Seedmen's Association. Dr. R.L.
Taylor was elected a fellow of the Linnaean
Society of London and Dr. W.G. Wellington a
fellow of the Entomological Society of Canada.
In Applied Science, Prof. D.S. Mavinic
received the Keefer gold medal for the best
paper published in the Journal of the Canadian
Society of Civil Engineering during 1977. Dr.
Yao-Nan Yu, in Electrical Engineering, was
elected a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers "for contributions to the
development of analysis and testing techniques
applied to stability of large electrical power
systems." Prof. John B. Evans, head of Mineral
Engineering, was named the distinguished lecturer of the Canadian Institute of Mining and
Metallurgy and in this role spoke to 25 branches
of the CIM in Canada.
In the Faculty of Arts, Prof. Keith Aldritt of
the English department was elected a fellow of
the Royal Society of Literature; Prof. J. Ross
Mackay, Geography, was the Arctic Institution's outstanding fellow for 1977; Dr. R.M.
Flores received the Canadian Association of
Hispanists Award for the best book on Hispanic
studies published in the years 1974-77 by a
Canadian university faculty member; Roderick
and Jean Barman were awarded the Latin
American history prize of the American
Historical Association for an article on Brazilian
history; Prof. Wallace Berry, the new head of
the music department, received the award of
the American Academy of Arts and Letters for
his achievements as a composer; Alan Cairns,
the head of Political Science, was awarded the
President's Medal of the University of Western
Ontario for the best scholarly article in the
social sciences published in 1977; and Norman
Young, of the theatre department, received the
Hamber Award for 1977-78 from the B.C.
Drama Association for outstanding contributions to theatre in British Columbia.
In the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, Prof. Philem Boyle received an
award for contributing one of the outstanding
papers of the year to the Journal of Risk and Insurance, the leading journal in that field, and
Prof. Stanley Hamilton was named an honorary
fellow of the Real Estate Institute of Canada in
recognition of his outstanding service to that industry and also received an honorary life
membership in the Vancouver Island Real
Estate Board.
The President's Report 1977-78/39 Dean George Beagrie, the new head of the
Faculty of Dentistry, was inducted as a fellow of
the International College of Dentists.
Awards in the Faculty of Education included
the Outstanding Citizenship Award to Prof.
Joseph Katz by the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews and the election of Prof. Sam
Black to the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
Prof. Peter Larkin, the dean of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, was the recipient of the Fry
Medal, the highest honor of the Canadian
Society of Zoologists.
Prof. Charles Bourne, of the Faculty of Law,
was one of four Canadian experts on international law appointed by the federal government
to serve on the Permanent Court of Arbitration,
members of which are available to arbitrate international disputes that cannot be settled by
diplomacy. Members of the permanent court
also submit to the United Nations the names of
nominees to sit on the International Court of
Justice in The Hague, Holland.
In Medicine, Dr. R.A.L. Sutton, of the
faculty's Department of Medicine, was the 1978
recipient of the medal of the Royal College of
Physicians and Surgeons for studies on the excretion of calcium by the kidney, and Dr. Morton Low of the same department was the first
member of a Canadian medical school to take
part in a senior medical scientist exchange program between Canada and France.
In the Faculty of Science, Prof. R.D. Frost
received the Doctor of Science degree from the
University of Liverpool; Prof. Walter Hardy,
Physics, was awarded the Herzberg Medal of the
Canadian Association of Physicists; Prof. R.A.
Freeze, Geological Sciences, and his student
R.A.L. Hodge were jointly awarded a prize for
the best paper in geotechnical engineering; Dr.
William Unruh, Physics, was awarded a
prestigious Alfred P. Sloan fellowship; Prof.
C.E. Brion, Chemistry, was the recipient of a
Guggenheim fellowship; and Prof. Myer Bloom,
Physics, was awarded an Isaac Walton Killam
memorial scholarship.
In the Centre for Continuing Education, Pat
Thom was named Adult Educator of the Year
by the Northwest Adult Education Association.
Two members of the UBC faculty were inducted into the Royal Society of Canada in
June, 1978: Prof. R. Alan Freeze, of Geological
Sciences; and Dr. David Suzuki, of the zoology
department.
Honorary degrees were conferred on the
following members of our faculty by other
universities: Prof. W.S. Hoar, Zoology, by the
University of Western Ontario; Prof. Gordon
Smith, Education, by Simon Fraser University;
and Prof. Arthur Beedle, Commerce and
Business Administration, by the University of
Malaysia for his contributions to the development of academic programs in that country.
In the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Dr. John McNeill was the recipient of the "Good
Teacher Award" of the Pharmacy
Undergraduate Students Society, and the
Walter H. Gage Teaching Award in the Faculty
of Applied Science went to Dr. John Bichard
who teaches in the engineering physics program
of that faculty and in the Department of Physics
in the Faculty of Science.
40/The President's Report 1977-78
The Board of Governors and Senate, the two
main governing bodies of the University, were
reconstituted in the 1977-78 academic year
under the terms of the Universities Act.
Prof. Charles McDowell took his seat on the
Board in October, 1977, following an election
that was necessitated by the resignation of Dr.
William Webber, who was appointed dean of
the Faculty of Medicine.
Elections and appointments to reconstitute
the Board occurred in the months of December,
1977, and January, 1978.
Elected by the faculty to serve three-year
terms on the Board were Prof. Peter Pearse, of
the Department of Economics, and Prof. R.D.
Russell, head of the Department of Geophysics
and Astronomy. Mr. Ken Andrews was reelected by the non-faculty employed staff for a
three-year term.
UBC students, in elections conducted in
January, elected Mr. Paul Sandhu and reelected Mr. Basil Peters to serve one-year terms
on the Board. Unfortunately, the student elections were marred by allegations of irregularities, which became the subject of an investigation by an ad hoc committee of Senate,
which is charged with responsibility for the conduct of elections to University governing bodies.
After a thorough study, the committee concluded that while there was evidence of irregularities
they were not of a nature that affected the outcome of the election and the results, therefore,
should be allowed to stand. While the investigation was underway, however, the students were
not allowed to vote on any motion before the
Board and were restricted to acting as
observers. A committee of Senate is considering
action that will prevent irregularities occurring
in the future.
In January, 1978, the provincial government
announced the appointment of three new
members to the Board and the reappointment
of Mr. George Morfitt, who was chairman of the
Board in 1977-78, and Mr. Ian Greenwood, of
Kelowna, who was elected to serve as Board
chairman for 1978-79 later in the academic
year. The new Board members are: Mr. Leslie
Peterson, a Vancouver lawyer who held three
cabinet posts, including that of minister of
education, in former provincial governments;
Mr. Alan F. Pierce, a managing director of a
well-known actuarial and pension-consulting
firm; and Mr. Alan Crawford, president of a
B.C. electronics firm. All those appointed and
reappointed are UBC graduates with the exception of Mr. Crawford, who is an alumnus of the
University of Saskatchewan.
In its announcement, the provincial government said two other present members of the
Board, Hon. Thomas Dohm, Q.C., and Professor Emerita of Education Sadie Boyles would
continue to serve on the Board until new appointments were made.
At its February, 1978, meeting, the Board accepted with regret the resignation of Mr. P.R.
Brissenden,  a UBC graduate and well-known Vancouver lawyer who had served on the Board
since March, 1976.
On June 1, 1978, Mrs. Rendina Hamilton was
appointed to the Board for a three-year term by
the provincial government. A UBC law
graduate, Mrs. Hamilton also chairs the Pentic-
ton School Board.
Early in 1978, UBC's Convocation elected
Hon. J.V. Clyne, a UBC graduate with a
distinguished background in law and industry,
to the post of chancellor of the University for a
three-year term. He succeeds Mr. Donovan
Miller. Mr. Clyne was installed in office on June
2, the final day of UBC's 1978 Congregation
and formally became chancellor on June 28.
The reconstituted Senate of the University
held its first meeting in April, 1978. In accordance with a motion passed earlier in the year, a
representative of UBC's professional library staff
now sits on Senate. Mrs. Laurenda Daniells,
UBC's archivist and a member of the library's
special collections division, was elected to this
position for a three-year term of office.
I am deeply grateful to all those who have
served on the Board and Senate over the past
three years for their untiring efforts to ensure
that academic standards at UBC have not only
remained high but improved. The last three
years have been characterized by acute financial
problems which have led to the necessity of
making difficult decisions. The advice that I
have received from Board and Senate members
on many occasions has made the heavy task of
administering a complex institution like UBC a
lighter and, on the whole, an enjoyable one.
UBC graduate Hon. J. V.
Clyne, left, was elected
chancellor of the University for
a three-year term in 1978.
Another UBC graduate, Mr.
Ian Greenwood, below, was
elected chairman of the Board
of Governors for 1978-79.
The President's Report 1977-78/41 42/The President's Report 1977-78
The University's annual Congregation
ceremony for the awarding of academic and
honorary degrees was held on May 31, and June
1 and 2, 1978, in the War Memorial Gymnasium. During the academic year, the Senate
of the University awarded a record 4,562
academic degrees and 86 diplomas.
On Wednesday, May 31, honorary degrees
were conferred on Mr. Jack Shadbolt and Dr.
Dorothy Blakey Smith. Mr. Shadbolt is one of
Canada's best-known painters whose works
hang in galleries across the nation and the
world, and Dr. Smith was a distinguished
member of the UBC faculty from 1935 to 1957,
when she joined the staff of the Provincial Archives as a researcher and editor, remaining
there until her retirement in 1968.
Two noted graduates and members of the
Canadian academic scene were honored on
Thursday, June 1: Prof. Harry V. Warren, who
embarked on a career as an influential teacher,
scholar, scientist and amateur sportsman after
graduating from UBC in the late 1920s as a
Rhodes Scholar; and Dr. Robert Bell, a 1939
graduate of UBC whose talents as a nuclear
physicist and university administrator led to his
appointment as principal of McGill University.
On Friday, June 2, honorary degrees were
conferred on outstanding Vancouver lawyer
and former justice of the B.C. Supreme Court
Thomas Dohm, Q.C., who has served on the
UBC Board of Governors since 1972; and Mr.
Lawrence Wallace, a tireless provincial civil servant who is now agent-general for B.C. in London, England.
A highlight of the 1978 Congregation
ceremony was the installation on June 2 of Hon.
J.V. Clyne as UBC's 12th chancellor by Hon.
Henry P. Bell-Irving, the lieutenant-governor of
B.C. Mr. Clyne, a distinguished UBC graduate
whose career has encompassed the law and industry, was elected during the academic year to
serve a three-year term as chancellor by the
Convocation of the University.
The 1978 ceremony was the last presided over
by Chancellor Donovan Miller, whose three-
year term as chancellor ended officially late in
June, 1978. His association with University
governance began in the 1950s with an active
interest in the UBC Alumni Association, which
he served as president in 1960. He was a
member of both the Board of Governors and the
Senate throughout most of the 1960s and was
nominated for chancellor by the Alumni
Association in 1974. In his quiet, unassuming
way, Mr. Miller has been a most effective
spokesman on behalf of the University and I
take this opportunity to record my gratitude to
him for his untiring efforts and wise counsel
over the years. The University will forever hold
him in high esteem.
Two people who play key roles in the behind-
the-scenes arrangements for Congregation also
retired this year. I record the gratitude of the
University community to Miss Peggy Sayle, administrative assistant in the Ceremonies Office,
who handled much of the detailed preparation
for the degree-granting ceremony, and Prof.
Robert Osborne, who served as chief marshall
for the student procession for a quarter of a century.
Each member of the graduating class pays a
fee, part of which is used to purchase a gift for
the University. This year, nearly $10,000 was
distributed to campus organizations that help to
improve the physical environment on campus
for wheelchair students and provide free legal
services in the community to the general public,
and to the University Day Care Council, which
operates nine centres in the University area.
Each year, the students who head the respective graduating classes of the University are
recognized when they arrive at the platform to
receive their degrees. I am pleased to pay
tribute to their academic achievements. Here is
the list of 1977 medal and prize winners.
The Association of Professional Engineers
Gold Medal (Head of the Graduating Class in
Engineeering, B.A.Sc. degree): Brian W.
Thomson.
The Helen L. Balfour Prize, $300 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Nursing, B.S.N,
degree): Wanda M. Gordon, Lancashire,
England.
The Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarianship
(Head of the Graduating Class in Librarianship,
M.L.S. degree): Mary K.W. Matthews,
Hamilton, Ont.
The Canadian Institute of Forestry Medal
(best overall record in Forestry in all years of
course, and high quality of character, leadership, etc.): Alan J. Waters, Burnaby, B.C.
The College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal (Head of the Graduating
Class in Dentistry, D.M.D. degree): Stanley
Soon.
The College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal in Dental Hygiene
(leading student in the Dental Hygiene program): Joan I. McMillan, New Westminster,
B.C.
The Dean of Medicine's Prize (School of
Rehabilitation Medicine) (Head of the
Graduating Class in Rehabilitation Medicine,
B.S.R. degree): Penny A. Wilson, Chemainus,
B.C.
The Governor-General's Gold Medal (Head
of the Graduating Classes in the Faculties of
Arts and Science, B.A. and B.Sc. degrees):
James L. Tiechroeb, Penticton, B.C.
The Hamber Medal and Prize, $250 (Head of
the Graduating Class in Medicine, M.D.
degree, best cumulative record in all years of
course): Penny J. Ballem, Montreal, Que.
The Horner Prize and Medal for Pharmaceutical Sciences, $100 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Pharmaceutical Sciences,
B.Sc.Pharm. degree): Marilyn J. Fraser, Kin-
caid, Sask.
The Kiwanis Club Prize, $300 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Commerce and Business
Administration, B.Com. degree): Brian R.
Watts, Edmonton, Alta.
The Law Society Gold Medal and Prize (Call
and Admission fee) (Head of the Graduating
Class in Law, LL.B. degree): Marc E. Gold,
Montreal, Que.
The H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry, $200
(Head of the Graduating Class in Forestry,
B.S.F. degree): Carol A. Frost, Chicago, 111. The University's annual Congregation ceremony for the awarding of academic and honorary degrees was held on May 31 and
June 1 and 2, 1978. UBC's Senate awarded a record 4,562 academic degrees and 86 diplomas to graduating students. UBC's 1978 Congregation
ceremony was the last presided
over by Chancellor Donovan
Miller, shown conferring
degree on graduating student.
Mr. Miller has been closely
associated with various governing bodies of the University
since the 1950s.
44/The President's Report 1977-78
The Physical Education Faculty Award
(Head of the Graduating Class in Physical
Education, B.P.E. degree): Wendy J. Taylor.
The Recreation Society of British Columbia
Prize (Head of the Graduating Class in Recreation, B.R.E. degree): Leslie E. White.
The Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
Medal (outstanding student in Architecture,
B.Arch. degree): Allan A. Hepburn, Hamilton,
Ont.
The Wilfrid Sadler Memorial Gold Medal
(Head of the Graduating Class in Agricultural
Sciences, B.Sc.(Agr.) degree): Gertrud Jensen,
Copenhagen, Denmark.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Fine Arts, B.F.A. degree):
William J. Jeffries, Jersey City, N.J.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Home Economics, B.H.E.
degree): Patricia A. Buckley.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Licentiate in Accounting,
Lie. Acct. degree): William D. Filtness.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Music, B.Mus. degree):
John F.I. Fairlie, Deep River, Ont.
The University Medal for Arts and Science
(Proficiency in the Graduating Classes in the
Faculties of Arts and Science, B.A. and B.Sc.
degrees): Yvonne Y. Hsieh, Hong Kong.
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Medal and Prize
(Head of the Graduating Class in Education,
B.Ed, (secondary) degree): Lina Davita.
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Medal and Prize
(Head of the Graduating Class in Education,
B.Ed, (elementary) degree): Barbara J.
Pozzebon. Appointments,
resignations
and retirements
During the academic year the Board of
Governors approved a change of title for Vice-
president Michael Shaw from vice-president for
University development to vice-president for
academic development. Because this title
change involves added duties, Prof. Ronald
Shearer of the Department of Economics was
appointed assistant to Vice-president Shaw.
Prof. Hugh Greenwood, a member of the
UBC faculty, became head of the Department
of Geological Sciences on December 1, 1978,
succeeding Prof. Hugh Wynne-Edwards, who
has accepted an important post in the field of
science and technology with the federal government.
Prof. Brahm Wiesman succeeded Prof.
Henry Hightower, who remains at UBC, as
director of the School of Community and
Regional Planning in the Faculty of Graduate
Studies.
Dr. George Beagrie became dean of the
Faculty of Dentistry on July 1, 1978, succeeding
Dr. S. Wah Leung, the founding dean of the
faculty who will continue to carry out teaching
and research duties at the University.
Dr. H. Joachim Burhenne joined the faculty
on April 1, 1978, to head the Department of
Diagnostic Radiology in the Faculty of
Medicine.
Dr. Terence McGee joined the Department of
Geography and assumed the post of director of
the Institute of Asian Research on July 1, 1978.
Mr. Jindra Kulich was confirmed as director
of the Centre for Continuing Education, effective April 1, 1978.
Prof. Philip G. Hill, a member of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, became head
of the department on July 1, 1978, succeeding
Prof. James P. Duncan, who continues as a
faculty member.
Prof. R.G. Campanella became head of the
Department of Civil Engineering, succeeding
Prof. Sam Lipson, who will remain on the
teaching staff.
Prof. Ben Moyls became head of the Department of Mathematics on July 1, 1978, succeeding Prof. Ronald Bures.
Dr. Robert Morford became director of the
School of Physical Education and Recreation on
July 1, 1978, succeeding Prof. Robert Osborne,
who has retired.
The following persons submitted their
resignations during the academic year (unless
otherwise indicated, they will remain members
of the UBC faculty): Prof. Liam Finn as dean of
the Faculty of Applied Science; Dr. Margaret
Fulton as dean of women to become president of
Mount St. Vincent University in Halifax; Prof.
Francis E. Murray as head of the Department of
Chemical Engineering; Prof. Gordon Walker as
director of the Institute of Astronomy and
Space Science; Prof. William C. Gibson, head
of the Department of the History of Medicine
and Science, to become chairman of the Univer-
Dr. George Beagrie is the new
dean of UBC's Faculty of Dentistry, succeeding Dr. S. Wah
Leung, who remains at UBC as
a teacher and researcher.
The President's Report 1977-78/45 46/The President's Report 1977-78
sities Council of B.C.; and Prof. R.D. Russell as
head of the Department of Geophysics and
Astronomy.
Eighteen members of UBC's teaching,
research and administrative staff reached retirement age in the 1977-78 academic year, seven of
them with 30 or more years of service.
Jack Hunter, a familiar and active figure on
the UBC campus for 42 years, retired after serving as manager and consultant to the UBC
Bookstore and director of Campus Mail. He is a
good friend of the University.
Prof. Vernon C. "Bert" Brink, a 1930s
graduate of UBC who became a member of the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences in 1940, retired
after 37 years as a teacher and researcher who
was widely known and respected in the
agricultural and scientific community of B.C.
Two faculty members who retired after 33
years of service were: Prof. Robert Osborne, one
of Canada's outstanding athletes in the 1930s
who joined the UBC faculty in 1945 as head of
the School of Physical Education and Recreation; and Prof. Leslie G.R. Crouch, a member
of the Department of Mineral Engineering and
a former president of the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.
Prof. Sam Lipson, a faculty member since
1946 and head of the Department of Civil
Engineering since 1970, retires after 32 years at
UBC. He, too, is a former president of the
Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.
Retiring after 31 years of association with
UBC are Prof. Paul Wisnicki, of the University's
School of Architecture, and Prof. Alex Wain-
man, a linguist who specialized in the study of
Slavonic languages in the Department of
Slavonic Studies. Both joined the faculty in
1947.
Those who retired after 20 or more years of
service are: Dr. Maurice Young, an original
member of the pediatrics department of the
Faculty of Medicine when it was established at
UBC in 1951 and associate dean for residency
programs in the faculty since 1974; Dr. Brock
M. Fahrni, who joined the UBC faculty in 1952
to lay the groundwork for the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine, which he has headed
since 1961; Prof. Philip G. Haddock, a
silviculture expert and forest geneticist in the
Faculty of Forestry since 1953; and Prof. Robert
J. Gregg, a linguist who taught since 1955 in
several departments in the Faculty of Arts
before being appointed head of the Department
of Linguistics in 1972.
Three members of the Faculty of Education
who retired after 20 or more years of service are:
Prof. Donald C. Gibbard, a music specialist
who was on the teaching staff of the provincial
Normal School when it was incorporated into
UBC as the Faculty of Education in 1956; Prof.
Harold Covell, a reading expert who joined the
faculty in 1957 and who is the author of a
number of textbooks used to teach reading in
Canadian schools; and Prof. Sam Black, one of
Canada's best-known painters, winner of UBC's
Master Teacher Award in 1970 and professor of
art education since 1958.
Other retiring faculty members are: Dr. Vera
MacKay, an 18-year member of the Faculty of
Education's elementary division; Prof. Dennis
Chitty, an internationally known zoologist who
joined the faculty in 1961 and who was the winner of UBC's Master Teacher Award in 1973;
and Prof. Maurice Pryce, a distinguished
physicist who also served as acting director of
the University's Institute of Astronomy and
Space Science in addition to teaching in the
Department of Physics for 10 years.
John CF. Gray reached the age of retirement
after serving on the staff of the UBC library for
14 years, laterally as a cataloguer in the
catalogue records division.
I extend the warm thanks of the entire
University community to those who retired after
many years of dedication to the academic life of
the University. Over the years, the University
has had the benefit of much counsel and help
from these distinguished individuals. We are
especially grateful and indebted to them for
their contributions to many areas of University
life. We owe much of the success of the University to them. Prof. Hugh Greenwood, a
long-time member of the
UBC faculty, is the new
head of the Department of
Geological Sciences.
Dr. Terence G. McGee
joined the faculty as head of
the Institute of Asian
Research and professor in
the geography department.
UBC graduate Dr. Robert
Morford returned to his
alma mater as director of
the School of Physical
Education and Recreation
in the Faculty of Education.
Dr. Vernon C. "Bert" Brink
retired after 37 years as a
teacher and researcher in
the University's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences.
Prof. Sam Lipson retired
after 32 years as a faculty
member and head of the
Department of Civil
Engineering since 1970.
Jack Hunter, a familiar
campus figure for 42 years,
retired after serving as
manager and consultant to
the UBC Bookstore and
director of Campus Mail.
The President's Report 1977-78/47 The year also brought its sadness. With regret
and sorrow, I record the names of active and
retired faculty members who died during the
academic year. We mourn the loss of the following friends and fellow members of our community.
Benjamin Trimble, assistant professor in the
Department of Medical Genetics, died on Nov.
10, 1977.
Stephen W. Borden, a computer analyst in
the Faculty of Graduate Studies, died on Jan.
29, 1978.
Professor Emeritus of Classics Geoffrey Rid-
dehough died in London, England, on April 6,
1978.
David Elder, head of the diploma division of
the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, died on April 23, 1978.
Dr. Sydney Israels, a member of the Department of Paediatrics, died suddenly on July 17,
1978.
The University lost a firm friend and former
member of the Board of Governors on April 12,
1978, with the death of Dr. Leon Ladner. A
founding member of the Convocation of the
University, Dr. Ladner provided, following his
retirement from the Board in 1966, the funds to
construct the Ladner Clock Tower which stands
in front of UBC's Main Library.
48/The President's Report 1977-78

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